Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Apple
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$172.03 4,715 $811,170
10-Q 2018-12-29 Quarter: 2018-12-29
10-K 2018-09-29 Annual: 2018-09-29
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-30 Quarter: 2017-12-30
10-K 2017-09-30 Annual: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-07-01 Quarter: 2017-07-01
10-Q 2017-04-01 Quarter: 2017-04-01
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-K 2016-09-24 Annual: 2016-09-24
10-Q 2016-06-25 Quarter: 2016-06-25
10-Q 2016-03-26 Quarter: 2016-03-26
10-Q 2015-12-26 Quarter: 2015-12-26
8-K 2019-02-05 Officers
8-K 2019-01-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-30 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-13 Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2017-11-06 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-11-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2017-10-06 Officers
8-K 2017-09-05 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-08-15 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-08-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2017-06-13 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-05-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-05-04 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-05-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2017-02-28 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2017-02-14 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-02-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-01-31 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2016-12-13 Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2016-10-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2016-07-28 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2016-07-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2016-06-07 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2016-04-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2016-03-17 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2016-02-26 Officers, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2016-02-16 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2016-01-26 Earnings, Exhibits
IBM IBM
HPQ HP
HPE Hewlett Packard
DVMT Dell
NICE Nice
FIT Fitbit
HMI Huami
CRAY Cray
OSS One Stop Systems
SCKT Socket Mobile
AAPL 2018-12-29
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Revenue Recognition
Note 3 - Financial Instruments
Note 4 - Condensed Consolidated Financial Statement Details
Note 5 - Income Taxes
Note 6 - Debt
Note 7 - Shareholders' Equity
Note 8 - Comprehensive Income
Note 9 - Benefit Plans
Note 10 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 11 - Segment Information and Geographic Data
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 a10-qexhibit31112292018.htm
EX-31.2 a10-qexhibit31212292018.htm
EX-32.1 a10-qexhibit32112292018.htm

Apple Earnings 2018-12-29

AAPL 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a10-qq1201912292018.htm 10-Q Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 29, 2018
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             .
Commission File Number: 001-36743
 
g66145g66i28.jpg
Apple Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
California
 
94-2404110
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
One Apple Park Way
Cupertino, California
 
95014
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(408) 996-1010
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
 
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
 
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes      No  

4,715,280,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.00001 per share, issued and outstanding as of January 18, 2019
 



Apple Inc.

Form 10-Q
For the Fiscal Quarter Ended December 29, 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS




PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements
Apple Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(In millions, except number of shares which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Net sales:
 
 
 
   Products
$
73,435

 
$
79,164

   Services
10,875

 
9,129

Total net sales
84,310

 
88,293

 
 
 
 
Cost of sales:
 
 
 
   Products
48,238

 
50,575

   Services
4,041

 
3,806

Total cost of sales
52,279

 
54,381

Gross margin
32,031

 
33,912

 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Research and development
3,902

 
3,407

Selling, general and administrative
4,783

 
4,231

Total operating expenses
8,685

 
7,638

 
 
 
 
Operating income
23,346

 
26,274

Other income/(expense), net
560

 
756

Income before provision for income taxes
23,906

 
27,030

Provision for income taxes
3,941

 
6,965

Net income
$
19,965

 
$
20,065

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
4.22

 
$
3.92

Diluted
$
4.18

 
$
3.89

 
 
 
 
Shares used in computing earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
4,735,820

 
5,112,877

Diluted
4,773,252

 
5,157,787

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 1


Apple Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Net income
$
19,965

 
$
20,065

Other comprehensive income/(loss):
 
 
 
Change in foreign currency translation, net of tax
(78
)
 
40

 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains/losses on derivative instruments, net of tax:
 
 
 
Change in fair value of derivatives
(334
)
 
88

Adjustment for net (gains)/losses realized and included in net income
42

 
102

Total change in unrealized gains/losses on derivative instruments
(292
)
 
190

 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains/losses on marketable securities, net of tax:
 
 
 
Change in fair value of marketable securities
110

 
(846
)
Adjustment for net (gains)/losses realized and included in net income
37

 
(75
)
Total change in unrealized gains/losses on marketable securities
147

 
(921
)
 
 
 
 
Total other comprehensive income/(loss)
(223
)
 
(691
)
Total comprehensive income
$
19,742

 
$
19,374

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 2


Apple Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(In millions, except number of shares which are reflected in thousands and par value)
 
 
December 29,
2018
 
September 29,
2018
ASSETS:
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
44,771

 
$
25,913

Marketable securities
41,656

 
40,388

Accounts receivable, net
18,077

 
23,186

Inventories
4,988

 
3,956

Vendor non-trade receivables
18,904

 
25,809

Other current assets
12,432

 
12,087

Total current assets
140,828

 
131,339

 
 
 
 
Non-current assets:
 
 
 
Marketable securities
158,608

 
170,799

Property, plant and equipment, net
39,597

 
41,304

Other non-current assets
34,686

 
22,283

Total non-current assets
232,891

 
234,386

Total assets
$
373,719

 
$
365,725

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
44,293

 
$
55,888

Other current liabilities
36,703

 
33,327

Deferred revenue
5,546

 
5,966

Commercial paper
11,969

 
11,964

Term debt
9,772

 
8,784

Total current liabilities
108,283

 
115,929

 
 
 
 
Non-current liabilities:
 
 
 
Term debt
92,989

 
93,735

Other non-current liabilities
54,555

 
48,914

Total non-current liabilities
147,544

 
142,649

Total liabilities
255,827

 
258,578

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies

 

 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock and additional paid-in capital, $0.00001 par value: 12,600,000 shares authorized; 4,729,803 and 4,754,986 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
40,970

 
40,201

Retained earnings
80,510

 
70,400

Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss)
(3,588
)
 
(3,454
)
Total shareholders’ equity
117,892

 
107,147

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
373,719

 
$
365,725

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 3


Apple Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
(In millions, except number of shares which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Total shareholders’ equity, beginning balances
$
107,147

 
$
134,047

 
 
 
 
Common stock and additional paid-in capital:
 
 
 
Beginning balances
40,201

 
35,867

Shares withheld related to net share settlement of equity awards, net
(822
)
 
(738
)
Share-based compensation
1,591

 
1,318

Ending balances
40,970

 
36,447

 
 
 
 
Retained earnings:
 
 
 
Beginning balances
70,400

 
98,330

Net income
19,965

 
20,065

Dividends and dividend equivalents declared
(3,526
)
 
(3,300
)
Shares withheld related to net share settlement of equity awards, net
(594
)
 
(393
)
Common stock repurchased
(8,236
)
 
(10,109
)
Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles
2,501

 

Ending balances
80,510

 
104,593

 
 
 
 
Accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss):
 
 
 
Beginning balances
(3,454
)
 
(150
)
Other comprehensive income/(loss)
(223
)
 
(691
)
Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles
89

 

Ending balances
(3,588
)
 
(841
)
 
 
 
 
Total shareholders’ equity, ending balances
$
117,892

 
$
140,199

 
 
 
 
Dividends and dividend equivalents declared per share or RSU
$
0.73

 
$
0.63

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 4


Apple Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning balances
$
25,913

 
$
20,289

Operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
19,965

 
20,065

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash generated by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
3,395

 
2,745

Share-based compensation expense
1,559

 
1,296

Deferred income tax expense/(benefit)
53

 
(33,737
)
Other
(54
)
 
(11
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
5,130

 
(5,570
)
Inventories
(1,076
)
 
434

Vendor non-trade receivables
6,905

 
(9,660
)
Other current and non-current assets
(886
)
 
(197
)
Accounts payable
(8,501
)
 
12,602

Deferred revenue
(370
)
 
569

Other current and non-current liabilities
570

 
39,757

Cash generated by operating activities
26,690

 
28,293

Investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of marketable securities
(7,077
)
 
(41,272
)
Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities
7,203

 
14,048

Proceeds from sales of marketable securities
9,723

 
16,801

Payments for acquisition of property, plant and equipment
(3,355
)
 
(2,810
)
Payments made in connection with business acquisitions, net
(167
)
 
(173
)
Purchases of non-marketable securities
(427
)
 
(141
)
Other
(56
)
 
(43
)
Cash generated by/(used in) investing activities
5,844

 
(13,590
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards
(1,318
)
 
(1,038
)
Payments for dividends and dividend equivalents
(3,568
)
 
(3,339
)
Repurchases of common stock
(8,796
)
 
(10,095
)
Proceeds from issuance of term debt, net

 
6,969

Change in commercial paper, net
6

 
2

Cash used in financing activities
(13,676
)
 
(7,501
)
Increase/(Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
18,858

 
7,202

Cash and cash equivalents, ending balances
$
44,771

 
$
27,491

Supplemental cash flow disclosure:
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes, net
$
4,916

 
$
3,551

Cash paid for interest
$
836

 
$
623

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 5


Apple Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Apple Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively “Apple” or the “Company”) designs, manufactures and markets mobile communication and media devices and personal computers, and sells a variety of related software, services, accessories and third-party digital content and applications. The Company’s products and services include iPhone®, Mac®, iPad®, Apple Watch®, AirPods®, Apple TV®, HomePod™, a portfolio of consumer and professional software applications, iOS, macOS®, watchOS® and tvOS® operating systems, iCloud®, Apple Pay® and a variety of accessory, service and support offerings. The Company sells and delivers digital content and applications through the iTunes Store®, App Store®, Mac App Store, TV App Store, Book Store and Apple Music® (collectively “Digital Content and Services”). The Company sells its products worldwide through its retail stores, online stores and direct sales force, as well as through third-party cellular network carriers, wholesalers, retailers and resellers. In addition, the Company sells a variety of third-party Apple-compatible products, including application software and various accessories, through its retail and online stores. The Company sells to consumers, small and mid-sized businesses and education, enterprise and government customers.
Basis of Presentation and Preparation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which are normal and recurring in nature, necessary for fair financial statement presentation. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. Certain prior period amounts in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. These condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the Company’s annual consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 29, 2018 (the “2018 Form 10-K”).
The Company’s fiscal year is the 52- or 53-week period that ends on the last Saturday of September. A 14th week is included in the first fiscal quarter every five or six years to realign the Company’s fiscal quarters with calendar quarters. The Company’s fiscal years 2019 and 2018 span 52 weeks each. Unless otherwise stated, references to particular years, quarters, months and periods refer to the Company’s fiscal years ended in September and the associated quarters, months and periods of those fiscal years.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue Recognition
In the first quarter of 2019, the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”), and additional ASUs issued to clarify the guidance in ASU 2014-09 (collectively the “new revenue standard”), which amends the existing accounting standards for revenue recognition. The Company adopted the new revenue standard utilizing the full retrospective transition method. The Company did not restate total net sales in the prior periods presented, as adoption of the new revenue standard did not have a material impact on previously reported amounts.
Additionally, beginning in the first quarter of 2019, the Company classified the amortization of the deferred value of Maps, Siri® and free iCloud services, which are bundled in the sales price of iPhone, Mac, iPad and certain other products, in Services net sales. Historically, the Company classified the amortization of these amounts in Products net sales consistent with its management reporting framework. As a result, Products and Services net sales information for the first quarter of 2018 was reclassified to conform to the 2019 presentation.
Financial Instruments
In the first quarter of 2019, the Company adopted FASB ASU No. 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (“ASU 2016-01”), which updates certain aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 6


Income Taxes
In the first quarter of 2019, the Company adopted FASB ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (“ASU 2016-16”), which requires the recognition of the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset, other than inventory, when the transfer occurs. The Company adopted ASU 2016-16 utilizing the modified retrospective transition method. Upon adoption, the Company recorded $2.7 billion of net deferred tax assets, reduced other non-current assets by $128 million, and increased retained earnings by $2.6 billion on its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The Company will recognize incremental deferred income tax expense as these net deferred tax assets are utilized.
Earnings Per Share
The following table shows the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (net income in millions and shares in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Numerator:
 
 
 
Net income
$
19,965

 
$
20,065

 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
Weighted-average basic shares outstanding
4,735,820

 
5,112,877

Effect of dilutive securities
37,432

 
44,910

Weighted-average diluted shares
4,773,252

 
5,157,787

 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
4.22

 
$
3.92

Diluted earnings per share
$
4.18

 
$
3.89

Potentially dilutive securities representing 28.8 million shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three months ended December 29, 2018 because their effect would have been antidilutive.
Note 2 – Revenue Recognition
Net sales consist of revenue from the sale of iPhone, Mac, iPad, services and other products. The Company recognizes revenue at the amount to which it expects to be entitled when control of the products or services is transferred to its customers. Control is generally transferred when the Company has a present right to payment and title and the significant risks and rewards of ownership of products or services are transferred to its customers. For most of the Company’s products net sales, control transfers when products are shipped. For the Company’s services net sales, control transfers over time as services are delivered. Payment for products and services net sales is collected within a short period of time following transfer of control or commencement of delivery of services, as applicable.
The Company records reductions to products net sales related to future product returns, price protection and other customer incentive programs based on the Company’s expectations and historical experience.
For arrangements with multiple performance obligations, which represent promises within an arrangement that are capable of being distinct, the Company allocates revenue to all distinct performance obligations based on their relative stand-alone selling prices (“SSP”). When available, the Company uses observable prices to determine the SSP. When observable prices are not available, SSPs are established that reflect the Company’s best estimates of what the selling prices of the performance obligations would be if they were sold regularly on a stand-alone basis. The Company’s process for estimating SSPs without observable prices considers multiple factors that may vary depending upon the unique facts and circumstances related to each performance obligation including, where applicable, prices charged by the Company for similar offerings, market trends in the pricing for similar offerings, product-specific business objectives and the estimated cost to provide the performance obligation.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 7


The Company has identified up to three performance obligations regularly included in arrangements involving the sale of iPhone, Mac, iPad and certain other products. The first performance obligation, which represents the substantial portion of the allocated sales price, is the hardware and bundled software delivered at the time of sale. The second performance obligation is the right to receive certain product-related bundled services, which include iCloud, Siri and Maps. The third performance obligation is the right to receive, on a when-and-if-available basis, future unspecified software upgrades relating to the software bundled with each device. The Company allocates revenue and any related discounts to these performance obligations based on their relative SSPs. Because the Company lacks observable prices for the undelivered performance obligations, the allocation of revenue is based on the Company’s estimated SSPs. Revenue allocated to the delivered hardware and bundled software is recognized when control has transferred to the customer, which generally occurs when the product is shipped. Revenue allocated to the product-related bundled services and unspecified software upgrade rights is deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the estimated period they are expected to be provided. Cost of sales related to delivered hardware and bundled software, including estimated warranty costs, are recognized at the time of sale. Costs incurred to provide product-related bundled services and unspecified software upgrade rights are recognized as cost of sales as incurred.
For certain long-term service arrangements, the Company has performance obligations for services it has not yet delivered. For these arrangements, the Company does not have a right to bill for the undelivered services. The Company has determined that any unbilled consideration relates entirely to the value of the undelivered services. Accordingly, the Company has not recognized revenue, and has elected not to disclose amounts, related to these undelivered services.
For the sale of third-party products where the Company obtains control of the product before transferring it to the customer, the Company recognizes revenue based on the gross amount billed to customers. The Company considers multiple factors when determining whether it obtains control of third-party products including, but not limited to, evaluating if it has the ability to establish the price of the product, retains inventory risk for tangible products or has the responsibility for ensuring acceptability of the product. For third-party applications sold through the App Store, Mac App Store and TV App Store and certain digital content sold through the iTunes Store, the Company does not obtain control of the product before transferring it to the customer. Therefore, the Company accounts for such sales on a net basis by recognizing in services net sales only the commission it retains.
The Company has elected to record revenue net of taxes collected from customers that are remitted to governmental authorities, with the collected taxes recorded within other current liabilities until remitted to the relevant government authority.
Deferred Revenue
As of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, the Company had total deferred revenue of $8.4 billion and $8.8 billion, respectively. As of December 29, 2018, the Company expects 66% of total deferred revenue to be realized in less than a year, 27% within one-to-two years, 6% within two-to-three years and 1% in greater than three years.
Disaggregated Revenue
Net sales disaggregated by significant products and services for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 were as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
iPhone (1)
$
51,982

 
$
61,104

Mac (1)
7,416

 
6,824

iPad (1)
6,729

 
5,755

Wearables, Home and Accessories (1)(2)
7,308

 
5,481

Services (3)
10,875

 
9,129

Total net sales (4)
$
84,310

 
$
88,293

(1)
Products net sales include amortization of the deferred value of unspecified software upgrade rights, which are bundled in the sales price of the respective product.
(2)
Wearables, Home and Accessories net sales include sales of AirPods, Apple TV, Apple Watch, Beats® products, HomePod, iPod touch® and Apple-branded and third-party accessories.
(3)
Services net sales include sales from Digital Content and Services, AppleCare®, Apple Pay, licensing and other services. Services net sales also include amortization of the deferred value of Maps, Siri and free iCloud services, which are bundled in the sales price of certain products.
(4)
Includes $2.4 billion and $2.0 billion of revenue recognized in the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017, respectively, that was included in deferred revenue at the beginning of each respective period.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 8


The Company’s proportion of net sales by disaggregated revenue source was generally consistent for each reportable segment in Note 11, “Segment Information and Geographic Data” for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017.
Note 3 – Financial Instruments
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities
The Company’s investments in marketable debt securities have been classified and accounted for as available-for-sale. The Company classifies its marketable debt securities as either short-term or long-term based on each instrument’s underlying contractual maturity date. Unrealized gains and losses on marketable debt securities classified as available-for-sale are recognized in other comprehensive income/(loss) (“OCI”).
The Company’s investments in mutual funds represent its only marketable equity securities and are classified as short-term based on the nature of the securities and their availability for use in current operations. The Company’s marketable equity securities are measured at fair value with gains and losses recognized in other income/(expense), net.
The following tables show the Company’s cash and marketable securities by significant investment category as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018 (in millions):
 
December 29, 2018
 
Adjusted
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
 
Short-Term
Marketable
Securities
 
Long-Term
Marketable
Securities
Cash
$
9,489

 
$

 
$

 
$
9,489

 
$
9,489

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 1 (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
6,424

 

 

 
6,424

 
6,424

 

 

Mutual funds
682

 

 

 
682

 

 
682

 

Subtotal
7,106

 

 

 
7,106

 
6,424

 
682

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2 (2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury securities
46,191

 
6

 
(729
)
 
45,468

 
3,923

 
6,415

 
35,130

U.S. agency securities
9,731

 

 
(31
)
 
9,700

 
7,552

 
597

 
1,551

Non-U.S. government securities
23,460

 
48

 
(289
)
 
23,219

 
1,895

 
4,129

 
17,195

Certificates of deposit and time deposits
5,349

 

 

 
5,349

 
3,705

 
1,348

 
296

Commercial paper
11,953

 

 

 
11,953

 
11,679

 
274

 

Corporate debt securities
117,260

 
32

 
(2,387
)
 
114,905

 
104

 
27,134

 
87,667

Municipal securities
953

 
1

 
(7
)
 
947

 

 
187

 
760

Mortgage- and asset-backed securities
17,320

 
7

 
(428
)
 
16,899

 

 
890

 
16,009

Subtotal
232,217

 
94

 
(3,871
)
 
228,440

 
28,858

 
40,974

 
158,608

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total (3)
$
248,812

 
$
94

 
$
(3,871
)
 
$
245,035

 
$
44,771

 
$
41,656

 
$
158,608


Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 9


 
September 29, 2018
 
Adjusted
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gains
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Cash and
Cash
Equivalents
 
Short-Term
Marketable
Securities
 
Long-Term
Marketable
Securities
Cash
$
11,575

 
$

 
$

 
$
11,575

 
$
11,575

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 1 (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
8,083

 

 

 
8,083

 
8,083

 

 

Mutual funds
799

 

 
(116
)
 
683

 

 
683

 

Subtotal
8,882

 

 
(116
)
 
8,766

 
8,083

 
683

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2 (2):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury securities
47,296

 

 
(1,202
)
 
46,094

 
1,613

 
7,606

 
36,875

U.S. agency securities
4,127

 

 
(48
)
 
4,079

 
1,732

 
360

 
1,987

Non-U.S. government securities
21,601

 
49

 
(250
)
 
21,400

 

 
3,355

 
18,045

Certificates of deposit and time deposits
3,074

 

 

 
3,074

 
1,247

 
1,330

 
497

Commercial paper
2,573

 

 

 
2,573

 
1,663

 
910

 

Corporate debt securities
123,001

 
152

 
(2,038
)
 
121,115

 

 
25,162

 
95,953

Municipal securities
946

 

 
(12
)
 
934

 

 
178

 
756

Mortgage- and asset-backed securities
18,105

 
8

 
(623
)
 
17,490

 

 
804

 
16,686

Subtotal
220,723

 
209

 
(4,173
)
 
216,759

 
6,255

 
39,705

 
170,799

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total (3)
$
241,180

 
$
209

 
$
(4,289
)
 
$
237,100

 
$
25,913

 
$
40,388

 
$
170,799

(1)
Level 1 fair value estimates are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
(2)
Level 2 fair value estimates are based on observable inputs other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
(3)
As of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, total cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities included $19.9 billion and $20.3 billion, respectively, that was restricted from general use, related to the State Aid Decision (refer to Note 5, “Income Taxes”) and other agreements.
The Company may sell certain of its marketable debt securities prior to their stated maturities for reasons including, but not limited to, managing liquidity, credit risk, duration and asset allocation. The maturities of the Company’s long-term marketable debt securities generally range from one to five years.
The following tables show information about the Company’s marketable securities that had been in a continuous unrealized loss position for less than 12 months and for 12 months or greater as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018 (in millions):
 
December 29, 2018
 
Continuous Unrealized Losses
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
Fair value of marketable debt securities
$
53,336

 
$
127,006

 
$
180,342

Unrealized losses
$
(1,153
)
 
$
(2,718
)
 
$
(3,871
)
 
September 29, 2018
 
Continuous Unrealized Losses
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or Greater
 
Total
Fair value of marketable securities
$
126,238

 
$
60,599

 
$
186,837

Unrealized losses
$
(2,400
)
 
$
(1,889
)
 
$
(4,289
)

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 10


The Company typically invests in highly rated securities, with the primary objective of minimizing the potential risk of principal loss. The Company’s investment policy generally requires securities to be investment grade and limits the amount of credit exposure to any one issuer. Fair values were determined for each individual security in the investment portfolio. When evaluating a marketable debt security for other-than-temporary impairment, the Company reviews factors such as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below its cost basis, the financial condition of the issuer and any changes thereto, changes in market interest rates and the Company’s intent to sell, or whether it is more likely than not it will be required to sell the security before recovery of the security’s cost basis. As of December 29, 2018, the Company does not consider any of its marketable debt securities to be other-than-temporarily impaired.
Non-Marketable Securities
The Company holds non-marketable equity securities of certain privately held companies without readily determinable fair values, and has elected to apply the measurement alternative. As such, the Company’s non-marketable equity securities are measured at cost, less any impairment, and are adjusted for changes in fair value resulting from observable transactions for identical or similar investments of the same issuer. Gains and losses on non-marketable equity securities are recognized in other income/(expense), net. As of December 29, 2018, the Company’s non-marketable equity securities had a carrying value of $2.2 billion.
The Company holds a non-marketable debt security that is classified and accounted for as held-to-maturity. As of December 29, 2018, the Company’s non-marketable debt security had an amortized cost basis and carrying value of $1.5 billion.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company may use derivatives to partially offset its business exposure to foreign currency and interest rate risk on expected future cash flows, net investments in certain foreign subsidiaries, and certain existing assets and liabilities. However, the Company may choose not to hedge certain exposures for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to, accounting considerations or the prohibitive economic cost of hedging particular exposures. There can be no assurance the hedges will offset more than a portion of the financial impact resulting from movements in foreign currency exchange or interest rates.
To protect gross margins from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, certain of the Company’s subsidiaries whose functional currency is the U.S. dollar may hedge a portion of forecasted foreign currency revenue, and subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar may hedge a portion of forecasted inventory purchases not denominated in the subsidiaries’ functional currencies. The Company may enter into forward contracts, option contracts or other instruments to manage this risk and may designate these instruments as cash flow hedges. The Company generally hedges portions of its forecasted foreign currency exposure associated with revenue and inventory purchases, typically for up to 12 months.
To protect the net investment in a foreign operation from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, the Company may enter into foreign currency forward and option contracts to offset a portion of the changes in the carrying amounts of these investments due to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. In addition, the Company may use non-derivative financial instruments, such as its foreign currency–denominated debt, as hedges of its net investments in certain foreign subsidiaries. In both of these cases, the Company designates these instruments as net investment hedges.
To protect the Company’s foreign currency–denominated term debt or marketable securities from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, the Company may enter into forward contracts, cross-currency swaps or other instruments. These instruments may offset a portion of the foreign currency remeasurement gains or losses, or changes in fair value. The Company may designate these instruments as either cash flow or fair value hedges. As of December 29, 2018, the Company’s hedged term debt– and marketable securities–related foreign currency transactions are expected to be recognized within 24 years.
The Company may also enter into non-designated foreign currency contracts to offset a portion of the foreign currency exchange gains and losses generated by the remeasurement of certain assets and liabilities denominated in non-functional currencies.
To protect the Company’s foreign currency–denominated term debt or marketable securities from fluctuations in interest rates, the Company may enter into interest rate swaps, options or other instruments. These instruments may offset a portion of the changes in interest income or expense, or changes in fair value. The Company designates these instruments as either cash flow or fair value hedges. As of December 29, 2018, the Company’s hedged interest rate transactions are expected to be recognized within 9 years.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 11


Cash Flow Hedges
The effective portions of cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) (“AOCI”) until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. Deferred gains and losses associated with cash flow hedges of foreign currency revenue are recognized as a component of net sales in the same period as the related revenue is recognized, and deferred gains and losses related to cash flow hedges of inventory purchases are recognized as a component of cost of sales in the same period as the related costs are recognized. Deferred gains and losses associated with cash flow hedges of interest income or expense are recognized in other income/(expense), net in the same period as the related income or expense is recognized. For options designated as cash flow hedges, changes in the time value are excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. The ineffective portions and amounts excluded from the effectiveness testing of cash flow hedges are recognized in other income/(expense), net.
Derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges must be de-designated as hedges when it is probable the forecasted hedged transaction will not occur in the initially identified time period or within a subsequent two-month time period. Deferred gains and losses in AOCI associated with such derivative instruments are reclassified into other income/(expense), net in the period of de-designation. Any subsequent changes in fair value of such derivative instruments are reflected in other income/(expense), net unless they are re-designated as hedges of other transactions.
Net Investment Hedges
The effective portions of net investment hedges are recorded in OCI as a part of the cumulative translation adjustment. The ineffective portions and amounts excluded from the effectiveness testing of net investment hedges are recognized in other income/(expense), net. For forward exchange contracts designated as net investment hedges, the Company excludes changes in fair value relating to changes in the forward carry component from its definition of effectiveness. Accordingly, any gains or losses related to this forward carry component are recognized in earnings in the current period.
Fair Value Hedges
Gains and losses related to changes in fair value hedges are recognized in earnings along with a corresponding loss or gain related to the change in value of the underlying hedged item in the same line in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Non-Designated Derivatives
Derivatives that are not designated as hedging instruments are adjusted to fair value through earnings in the financial statement line item to which the derivative relates. As a result, during the three months ended December 29, 2018, the Company recognized a gain of $255 million in net sales, a gain of $175 million in cost of sales and a gain of $723 million in other income/(expense), net.
The Company records all derivatives in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. The Company’s accounting treatment for these derivative instruments is based on its hedge designation. The following tables show the Company’s derivative instruments at gross fair value as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018 (in millions):
 
December 29, 2018
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives Designated
as Hedge Instruments
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives Not Designated
as Hedge Instruments
 
Total
Fair Value
Derivative assets (1):
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
1,110

 
$
419

 
$
1,529

Interest rate contracts
$
22

 
$

 
$
22

 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities (2):
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
701

 
$
345

 
$
1,046

Interest rate contracts
$
821

 
$

 
$
821


Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 12


 
September 29, 2018
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives Designated
as Hedge Instruments
 
Fair Value of
Derivatives Not Designated
as Hedge Instruments
 
Total
Fair Value
Derivative assets (1):
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
1,015

 
$
259

 
$
1,274

 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities (2):
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
543

 
$
137

 
$
680

Interest rate contracts
$
1,456

 
$

 
$
1,456

(1)
The fair value of derivative assets is measured using Level 2 fair value inputs and is recorded as other current assets and other non-current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)
The fair value of derivative liabilities is measured using Level 2 fair value inputs and is recorded as other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company classifies cash flows related to derivative financial instruments as operating activities in its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
The following table shows the pre-tax gains and losses of the Company’s derivative and non-derivative instruments designated as cash flow, net investment and fair value hedges in OCI and the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Gains/(Losses) recognized in OCI – effective portion:
 
 
 
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
(478
)
 
$
153

Interest rate contracts

 
1

Total
$
(478
)
 
$
154

 
 
 
 
Net investment hedges:
 
 
 
Foreign currency debt
$
(16
)
 
$
2

 
 
 
 
Gains/(Losses) reclassified from AOCI into net income – effective portion:
 
 
 
Cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
(118
)
 
$
(124
)
Interest rate contracts
(1
)
 
1

Total
$
(119
)
 
$
(123
)
 
 
 
 
Gains/(Losses) on derivative instruments:
 
 
 
Fair value hedges:
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
402

 
$

Interest rate contracts
657

 
(274
)
Total
$
1,059

 
$
(274
)
 
 
 
 
Gains/(Losses) related to hedged items:
 
 
 
Fair value hedges:
 
 
 
Marketable securities
$
(402
)
 
$

Fixed-rate debt
(657
)
 
274

Total
$
(1,059
)
 
$
274


Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 13


The following table shows the notional amounts of the Company’s outstanding derivative instruments and credit risk amounts associated with outstanding or unsettled derivative instruments as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018 (in millions):
 
December 29, 2018
 
September 29, 2018
 
Notional
Amount
 
Credit Risk
Amount
 
Notional
Amount
 
Credit Risk
Amount
Instruments designated as accounting hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
56,000

 
$
1,110

 
$
65,368

 
$
1,015

Interest rate contracts
$
33,250

 
$
22

 
$
33,250

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Instruments not designated as accounting hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
$
82,013

 
$
419

 
$
63,062

 
$
259

The notional amounts for outstanding derivative instruments provide one measure of the transaction volume outstanding and do not represent the amount of the Company’s exposure to credit or market loss. The credit risk amounts represent the Company’s gross exposure to potential accounting loss on derivative instruments that are outstanding or unsettled if all counterparties failed to perform according to the terms of the contract, based on then-current currency or interest rates at each respective date. The Company’s exposure to credit loss and market risk will vary over time as currency and interest rates change. Although the table above reflects the notional and credit risk amounts of the Company’s derivative instruments, it does not reflect the gains or losses associated with the exposures and transactions that the instruments are intended to hedge. The amounts ultimately realized upon settlement of these financial instruments, together with the gains and losses on the underlying exposures, will depend on actual market conditions during the remaining life of the instruments.
The Company generally enters into master netting arrangements, which are designed to reduce credit risk by permitting net settlement of transactions with the same counterparty. To further limit credit risk, the Company generally enters into collateral security arrangements that provide for collateral to be received or posted when the net fair value of certain financial instruments fluctuates from contractually established thresholds. The Company presents its derivative assets and derivative liabilities at their gross fair values in its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The net cash collateral posted by the Company related to derivative instruments under its collateral security arrangements was $56 million and $1.0 billion as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, respectively, which were recorded as other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Under master netting arrangements with the respective counterparties to the Company’s derivative contracts, the Company is allowed to net settle transactions with a single net amount payable by one party to the other. As of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, the potential effects of these rights of set-off associated with the Company’s derivative contracts, including the effects of collateral, would be a reduction to both derivative assets and derivative liabilities of $1.9 billion and $2.1 billion, respectively, resulting in a net derivative liability of $260 million and a net derivative asset of $138 million, respectively.
Accounts Receivable
Trade Receivables
The Company has considerable trade receivables outstanding with its third-party cellular network carriers, wholesalers, retailers, resellers, small and mid-sized businesses and education, enterprise and government customers. The Company generally does not require collateral from its customers; however, the Company will require collateral or third-party credit support in certain instances to limit credit risk. In addition, when possible, the Company attempts to limit credit risk on trade receivables with credit insurance for certain customers or by requiring third-party financing, loans or leases to support credit exposure. These credit-financing arrangements are directly between the third-party financing company and the end customer. As such, the Company generally does not assume any recourse or credit risk sharing related to any of these arrangements.
As of December 29, 2018, the Company had no customers that individually represented 10% or more of total trade receivables. As of September 29, 2018, the Company had one customer that represented 10% or more of total trade receivables, which accounted for 10%. The Company’s cellular network carriers accounted for 45% and 59% of total trade receivables as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, respectively.
Vendor Non-Trade Receivables
The Company has non-trade receivables from certain of its manufacturing vendors resulting from the sale of components to these vendors who manufacture sub-assemblies or assemble final products for the Company. The Company purchases these components directly from suppliers. As of December 29, 2018, the Company had two vendors that individually represented 10% or more of total vendor non-trade receivables, which accounted for 56% and 15%. As of September 29, 2018, the Company had two vendors that individually represented 10% or more of total vendor non-trade receivables, which accounted for 62% and 12%.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 14


Note 4 – Condensed Consolidated Financial Statement Details
The following tables show the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statement details as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018 (in millions):
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
 
December 29,
2018
 
September 29,
2018
Land and buildings
$
16,352

 
$
16,216

Machinery, equipment and internal-use software
66,823

 
65,982

Leasehold improvements
8,351

 
8,205

Gross property, plant and equipment
91,526

 
90,403

Accumulated depreciation and amortization
(51,929
)
 
(49,099
)
Total property, plant and equipment, net
$
39,597

 
$
41,304

Other Non-Current Liabilities
 
December 29,
2018
 
September 29,
2018
Long-term taxes payable
$
30,948

 
$
33,589

Other non-current liabilities
23,607

 
15,325

Total other non-current liabilities
$
54,555

 
$
48,914

Other Income/(Expense), Net
The following table shows the detail of other income/(expense), net for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Interest and dividend income
$
1,307

 
$
1,452

Interest expense
(890
)
 
(734
)
Other income, net
143

 
38

Total other income/(expense), net
$
560

 
$
756

Note 5 – Income Taxes
U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”), which significantly changed U.S. tax law. The Act lowered the Company’s U.S. statutory federal income tax rate from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018, while also imposing a deemed repatriation tax on previously deferred foreign income. The Act also created a new minimum tax on certain future foreign earnings. The Company completed its accounting for the income tax effects of the Act during the first quarter of 2019, in accordance with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118.
Uncertain Tax Positions
As of December 29, 2018, the total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits was $14.7 billion, of which $8.2 billion, if recognized, would impact the Company’s effective tax rate. The Company had accrued $1.2 billion of gross interest and penalties as of December 29, 2018. Both the unrecognized tax benefits and the associated interest and penalties that are not expected to result in payment or receipt of cash within one year are classified as other non-current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 15


The Company is subject to taxation and files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and in many state and foreign jurisdictions. The U.S. Internal Revenue Service concluded its review of the years 2013 through 2015 in 2018, and all years prior to 2016 are closed. Tax years subsequent to 2006 in certain major U.S. states and subsequent to 2010 in certain major foreign jurisdictions remain open, and could be subject to examination by the taxing authorities. The Company believes that an adequate provision has been made for any adjustments that may result from tax examinations. However, the outcome of tax audits cannot be predicted with certainty. If any issues addressed in the Company’s tax audits are resolved in a manner inconsistent with its expectations, the Company could be required to adjust its provision for income taxes in the period such resolution occurs. Although timing of resolution and/or closure of audits is not certain, the Company believes it is reasonably possible that its gross unrecognized tax benefits could decrease (either by payment, release or a combination of both) in the next 12 months by as much as $300 million.
European Commission State Aid Decision
On August 30, 2016, the European Commission announced its decision that Ireland granted state aid to the Company by providing tax opinions in 1991 and 2007 concerning the tax allocation of profits of the Irish branches of two subsidiaries of the Company (the “State Aid Decision”). The State Aid Decision ordered Ireland to calculate and recover additional taxes from the Company for the period June 2003 through December 2014. The recovery amount was calculated to be €13.1 billion, plus interest of €1.2 billion. Irish legislative changes, effective as of January 2015, eliminated the application of the tax opinions from that date forward. The Company believes the State Aid Decision to be without merit and appealed to the General Court of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Ireland has also appealed the State Aid Decision. The Company believes that any incremental Irish corporate income taxes potentially due related to the State Aid Decision would be creditable against U.S. taxes, subject to any foreign tax credit limitations in the Act. As of December 29, 2018, the entire recovery amount plus interest was funded into escrow, where it will remain restricted from general use pending conclusion of all appeals. Refer to Note 3, “Financial Instruments” for more information.
Note 6 – Debt
Commercial Paper
The Company issues unsecured short-term promissory notes (“Commercial Paper”) pursuant to a commercial paper program. The Company uses net proceeds from the commercial paper program for general corporate purposes, including dividends and share repurchases. As of both December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, the Company had $12.0 billion of Commercial Paper outstanding with maturities generally less than nine months. The weighted-average interest rate of the Company’s Commercial Paper was 2.39% as of December 29, 2018 and 2.18% as of September 29, 2018. The following table provides a summary of cash flows associated with the issuance and maturities of Commercial Paper for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Maturities 90 days or less:
 
 
 
Proceeds from/(Repayments of) commercial paper, net
$
2,011

 
$
1,621

 
 
 
 
Maturities greater than 90 days:
 
 
 
Proceeds from commercial paper
2,166

 
3,441

Repayments of commercial paper
(4,171
)
 
(5,060
)
Proceeds from/(Repayments of) commercial paper, net
(2,005
)
 
(1,619
)
 
 
 
 
Total change in commercial paper, net
$
6

 
$
2

Term Debt
As of December 29, 2018, the Company had outstanding floating- and fixed-rate notes with varying maturities for an aggregate principal amount of $103.8 billion (collectively the “Notes”). The Notes are senior unsecured obligations, and interest is payable in arrears, quarterly for the U.S. dollar–denominated and Australian dollar–denominated floating-rate notes, semi-annually for the U.S. dollar–denominated, Australian dollar–denominated, British pound–denominated, Japanese yen–denominated and Canadian dollar–denominated fixed-rate notes and annually for the euro-denominated and Swiss franc–denominated fixed-rate notes.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 16


The following table provides a summary of the Company’s term debt as of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018:
 
Maturities
(calendar year)
 
December 29, 2018
 
September 29, 2018
 
Amount
(in millions)
 
Effective
Interest Rate
 
Amount
(in millions)
 
Effective
Interest Rate
2013 debt issuance of $17.0 billion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed-rate 2.400% – 3.850% notes
2023
2043
 
$
8,500

 
 
2.44%
3.91
%
 
$
8,500

 
 
2.44%
3.91
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014 debt issuance of $12.0 billion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floating-rate notes
 
 
2019
 
1,000

 
 
 
 
2.89
%
 
1,000

 
 
 
 
2.64
%
Fixed-rate 2.100% – 4.450% notes
2019
2044
 
8,500

 
 
2.89%
4.48
%
 
8,500

 
 
2.64%
4.48
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015 debt issuances of $27.3 billion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floating-rate notes
2019
2020
 
1,497

 
 
1.87%
2.92
%
 
1,507

 
 
1.87%
2.64
%
Fixed-rate 0.350% – 4.375% notes
2019
2045
 
24,181

 
 
0.28%
4.51
%
 
24,410

 
 
0.28%
4.51
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016 debt issuances of $24.9 billion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floating-rate notes
2019
2021
 
1,350

 
 
2.72%
3.81
%
 
1,350

 
 
2.48%
3.44
%
Fixed-rate 1.100% – 4.650% notes
2019
2046
 
23,038

 
 
1.13%
4.78
%
 
23,059

 
 
1.13%
4.78
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 debt issuances of $28.7 billion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Floating-rate notes
2019
2022
 
3,250

 
 
2.68%
3.10
%
 
3,250

 
 
2.41%
2.84
%
Fixed-rate 0.875% – 4.300% notes
2019
2047
 
25,454

 
 
1.54%
4.30
%
 
25,617

 
 
1.54%
4.30
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018 debt issuance of $7.0 billion:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed-rate 1.800% – 3.750% notes
2019
2047
 
7,000

 
 
1.83%
3.80
%
 
7,000

 
 
1.83%
3.80
%
Total term debt
 
 
 
 
103,770

 
 
 
 
 
 
104,193

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unamortized premium/(discount) and issuance costs, net
 
 
 
 
(210
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(218
)
 
 
 
 
 
Hedge accounting fair value adjustments
 
 
 
 
(799
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1,456
)
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Current portion of term debt
 
 
 
 
(9,772
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8,784
)
 
 
 
 
 
Total non-current portion of term debt
 
 
 
 
$
92,989

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
93,735

 
 
 
 
 
To manage interest rate risk on certain of its U.S. dollar–denominated fixed- or floating-rate notes, the Company has entered into interest rate swaps to effectively convert the fixed interest rates to floating interest rates or the floating interest rates to fixed interest rates on a portion of these notes. Additionally, to manage foreign currency risk on certain of its foreign currency–denominated notes, the Company has entered into foreign currency swaps to effectively convert these notes to U.S. dollar–denominated notes.
A portion of the Company’s Japanese yen–denominated notes is designated as a hedge of the foreign currency exposure of the Company’s net investment in a foreign operation. As of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, the carrying value of the debt designated as a net investment hedge was $1.0 billion and $811 million, respectively. For further discussion regarding the Company’s use of derivative instruments, refer to the Derivative Financial Instruments section of Note 3, “Financial Instruments.”
The effective interest rates for the Notes include the interest on the Notes, amortization of the discount or premium and, if applicable, adjustments related to hedging. The Company recognized $809 million and $695 million of interest expense on its term debt for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017, respectively.
As of December 29, 2018 and September 29, 2018, the fair value of the Company’s Notes, based on Level 2 inputs, was $102.6 billion and $103.2 billion, respectively.
Note 7 – Shareholders’ Equity
Share Repurchase Program
On May 1, 2018, the Company announced the Board of Directors had authorized a program to repurchase up to $100 billion of the Company’s common stock, of which $37.3 billion had been utilized as of December 29, 2018. During the three months ended December 29, 2018, the Company repurchased 38.0 million shares of its common stock for $8.2 billion. The Company’s share repurchase program does not obligate it to acquire any specific number of shares. Under this program, shares may be repurchased in privately negotiated and/or open market transactions, including under plans complying with Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 17


Note 8 – Comprehensive Income
The Company’s OCI consists of foreign currency translation adjustments from those subsidiaries not using the U.S. dollar as their functional currency, net deferred gains and losses on certain derivative instruments accounted for as cash flow hedges and unrealized gains and losses on marketable debt securities classified as available-for-sale.
The following table shows the pre-tax amounts reclassified from AOCI into the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, and the associated financial statement line item, for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions):
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
Comprehensive Income Components
 
Financial Statement Line Item
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Unrealized (gains)/losses on derivative instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange contracts
 
Total net sales
 
$
63

 
$
184

 
 
Total cost of sales
 
(375
)
 
(27
)
 
 
Other income/(expense), net
 
396

 
(33
)
Interest rate contracts
 
Other income/(expense), net
 
1

 
(1
)
 
 
 
 
85

 
123

Unrealized (gains)/losses on marketable securities
 
Other income/(expense), net
 
47

 
(116
)
Total amounts reclassified from AOCI
 
$
132

 
$
7

The following table shows the changes in AOCI by component for the three months ended December 29, 2018 (in millions):
 
Cumulative Foreign
Currency Translation
 
Unrealized Gains/Losses
on Derivative Instruments
 
Unrealized Gains/Losses
on Marketable Securities
 
Total
Balances as of September 29, 2018
$
(1,055
)
 
$
810

 
$
(3,209
)
 
$
(3,454
)
Other comprehensive income/(loss) before reclassifications
(82
)
 
(472
)
 
140

 
(414
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCI

 
85

 
47

 
132

Tax effect
4

 
95

 
(40
)
 
59

Other comprehensive income/(loss)
(78
)
 
(292
)
 
147

 
(223
)
Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle (1)

 

 
89

 
89

Balances as of December 29, 2018
$
(1,133
)
 
$
518

 
$
(2,973
)
 
$
(3,588
)
(1)
Refer to Note 1, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” for more information on the Company’s adoption of ASU 2016-01 at the beginning of the first quarter of 2019.
Note 9 – Benefit Plans
Stock Plans
The Company had 237.9 million shares reserved for future issuance under its stock plans as of December 29, 2018. Restricted stock units (“RSUs”) granted under the Company’s stock plans generally vest over four years, based on continued employment, and are settled upon vesting in shares of the Company’s common stock on a one-for-one basis. Each share issued with respect to RSUs granted under the Company’s stock plans reduces the number of shares available for grant under the plans by two shares. RSUs canceled and shares withheld to satisfy tax withholding obligations increase the number of shares available for grant under the plans utilizing a factor of two times the number of RSUs canceled or shares withheld.
Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plans
During the three months ended December 29, 2018, Section 16 officers Angela Ahrendts, Timothy D. Cook, Chris Kondo, Luca Maestri and Jeffrey Williams had equity trading plans in place in accordance with Rule 10b5-1(c)(1) under the Exchange Act. An equity trading plan is a written document that pre-establishes the amounts, prices and dates (or formula for determining the amounts, prices and dates) of future purchases or sales of the Company’s stock, including shares acquired pursuant to the Company’s employee and director equity plans.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 18


Restricted Stock Units
A summary of the Company’s RSU activity and related information for the three months ended December 29, 2018 is as follows:
 
Number of
RSUs
(in thousands)
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair
Value Per RSU
 
Aggregate
Fair Value
(in millions)
Balance as of September 29, 2018
92,155

 
$
134.60

 
 
RSUs granted
29,228

 
$
223.41

 
 
RSUs vested
(18,935
)
 
$
124.36

 
 
RSUs canceled
(1,147
)
 
$
154.53

 
 
Balance as of December 29, 2018
101,301

 
$
161.91

 
$
15,826

The fair value as of the respective vesting dates of RSUs was $4.1 billion and $3.1 billion for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017, respectively.
Share-Based Compensation
The following table shows share-based compensation expense and the related income tax benefit included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions): 
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Share-based compensation expense
$
1,559

 
$
1,296

Income tax benefit related to share-based compensation expense
$
(750
)
 
$
(631
)
As of December 29, 2018, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to outstanding RSUs and stock options was $14.0 billion, which the Company expects to recognize over a weighted-average period of 2.9 years.
Note 10 – Commitments and Contingencies
Accrued Warranty and Indemnification
The following table shows changes in the Company’s accrued warranties and related costs for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Beginning accrued warranty and related costs
$
3,692

 
$
3,834

Cost of warranty claims
(996
)
 
(982
)
Accruals for product warranty
1,123

 
1,471

Ending accrued warranty and related costs
$
3,819

 
$
4,323

Agreements entered into by the Company may include indemnification provisions, which may subject the Company to costs and damages in the event of a claim against an indemnified third party. Except as disclosed under the heading “Contingencies” below, in the opinion of management, there was not at least a reasonable possibility the Company may have incurred a material loss, or a material loss in excess of a recorded accrual, with respect to indemnification of third parties.
The Company offers an iPhone Upgrade Program, which is available to customers who purchase a qualifying iPhone in the U.S., the U.K. and mainland China. The iPhone Upgrade Program provides customers the right to trade in that iPhone for a specified amount when purchasing a new iPhone, provided certain conditions are met. The Company accounts for the trade-in right as a guarantee liability and recognizes arrangement revenue net of the fair value of such right, with subsequent changes to the guarantee liability recognized within net sales.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 19


The Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its directors and executive officers. Under these agreements, the Company has agreed to indemnify such individuals to the fullest extent permitted by law against liabilities that arise by reason of their status as directors or officers of the Company, and to advance expenses incurred by such individuals in connection with related legal proceedings. It is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount of payments the Company could be required to make under these agreements due to the limited history of prior indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each claim. While the Company maintains directors and officers liability insurance coverage, such insurance coverage may be insufficient to cover all losses or all types of claims that may arise.
Concentrations in the Available Sources of Supply of Materials and Product
Although most components essential to the Company’s business are generally available from multiple sources, certain components are currently obtained from single or limited sources. In addition, the Company competes for various components with other participants in the markets for mobile communication and media devices and personal computers. Therefore, many components used by the Company, including those that are available from multiple sources, are at times subject to industry-wide shortage and significant commodity pricing fluctuations that could materially adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and operating results.
The Company uses some custom components that are not commonly used by its competitors, and new products introduced by the Company often utilize custom components available from only one source. When a component or product uses new technologies, initial capacity constraints may exist until the suppliers’ yields have matured or manufacturing capacity has increased. If the Company’s supply of components for a new or existing product were delayed or constrained, or if an outsourcing partner delayed shipments of completed products to the Company, the Company’s financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected. The Company’s business and financial performance could also be materially adversely affected depending on the time required to obtain sufficient quantities from the original source, or to identify and obtain sufficient quantities from an alternative source. Continued availability of these components at acceptable prices, or at all, may be affected if suppliers decide to concentrate on the production of common components instead of components customized to meet the Company’s requirements.
The Company has entered into agreements for the supply of many components; however, there can be no guarantee that the Company will be able to extend or renew these agreements on similar terms, or at all. Therefore, the Company remains subject to significant risks of supply shortages and price increases that could materially adversely affect its financial condition and operating results.
Substantially all of the Company’s hardware products are manufactured by outsourcing partners that are located primarily in Asia, with some Mac computers manufactured in the U.S. and Ireland. A significant concentration of this manufacturing is currently performed by a small number of outsourcing partners, often in single locations. Certain of these outsourcing partners are single-sourced suppliers of components and manufacturers for many of the Company’s products. Although the Company works closely with its outsourcing partners on manufacturing schedules, the Company’s financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected if its outsourcing partners were unable to meet their production commitments. The Company’s manufacturing purchase obligations typically cover its requirements for periods up to 150 days.
Other Off–Balance Sheet Commitments
Operating Leases
The Company leases various equipment and facilities, including retail space, under noncancelable operating lease arrangements. The Company does not currently utilize any other off–balance sheet financing arrangements. As of December 29, 2018, the Company’s total future minimum lease payments under noncancelable operating leases were $9.9 billion. The Company’s retail store and other facility leases typically have original terms not exceeding 10 years and generally contain multi-year renewal options.
Unconditional Purchase Obligations
The Company has entered into certain off–balance sheet commitments that require the future purchase of goods or services (“unconditional purchase obligations”). The Company’s unconditional purchase obligations primarily consist of payments for supplier arrangements, internet and telecommunication services, intellectual property licenses and content creation. As of December 29, 2018, the Company’s total future payments under noncancelable unconditional purchase obligations having a remaining term in excess of one year were $7.4 billion.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 20


Contingencies
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims that have arisen in the ordinary course of business and that have not been fully adjudicated, as further discussed in Part II, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q under the heading “Legal Proceedings” and in Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q under the heading “Risk Factors.” The outcome of litigation is inherently uncertain. If one or more legal matters were resolved against the Company in a reporting period for amounts in excess of management’s expectations, the Company’s financial condition and operating results for that reporting period could be materially adversely affected. In the opinion of management, there was not at least a reasonable possibility the Company may have incurred a material loss, or a material loss in excess of a recorded accrual, with respect to loss contingencies for asserted legal and other claims, except for the following matters:
VirnetX
VirnetX, Inc. filed two lawsuits in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas (the “Eastern Texas District Court”) against the Company alleging that certain Company products infringe four patents (the “VirnetX Patents”) relating to network communications technology (“VirnetX I” and “VirnetX II”). On September 30, 2016, a jury returned a verdict in VirnetX I against the Company and awarded damages of $302 million, which later increased to $440 million in post-trial proceedings. The Company appealed the VirnetX I verdict to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (the “Federal Circuit”). On April 11, 2018, a jury returned a verdict in VirnetX II against the Company and awarded damages of $503 million. VirnetX II is currently on appeal. The Company has challenged the validity of the VirnetX Patents at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (the “PTO”). In response, the PTO has declared the VirnetX Patents invalid. VirnetX appealed the invalidity decision of the PTO to the Federal Circuit. The Federal Circuit consolidated the Company’s appeal of the Eastern Texas District Court VirnetX I verdict and VirnetX’s appeals from the PTO invalidity proceedings. On January 15, 2019, the Federal Circuit affirmed the VirnetX I verdict, which the Company intends to further appeal. The remaining appeals from the PTO proceedings invalidating the VirnetX Patents remain pending.
Qualcomm
On January 20, 2017, the Company filed a lawsuit against Qualcomm Incorporated and affiliated parties (“Qualcomm”) in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California seeking, among other things, to enjoin Qualcomm from requiring the Company to pay royalties at the rate demanded by Qualcomm. As the Company does not believe the demanded royalty it has historically paid contract manufacturers for each applicable device is fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory, and believes it to be invalid and/or overstated in other respects as well, no Qualcomm-related royalty payments have been remitted by the Company to its contract manufacturers since the beginning of the second quarter of 2017. The Company believes it will prevail on the merits of the case and has accrued its best estimate for the ultimate resolution of this matter.
Following the Company’s lawsuit, Qualcomm has filed patent infringement suits against the Company and its affiliates in the U.S. and various international jurisdictions, some of which seek to enjoin the sale of certain of the Company’s products in particular countries. In one matter pending in China, on November 30, 2018, a court issued an order enjoining the sale in China of certain iPhone models running iOS 10 or iOS 11. The Company has taken steps to comply with the order and has deployed a software update to address the functionality at issue. The Company has sought reconsideration and a declaration of compliance with the order and has appealed the decision. In another matter pending in Germany, on December 20, 2018, a court issued an order enjoining the sale in Germany by the Company and certain of its subsidiaries of iPhone 7, 7 Plus, 8, 8 Plus and X. The Company has taken steps to comply with the order and has appealed the decision.
iOS Performance Management Cases
Various civil litigation matters have been filed in state and federal courts in the U.S. and in various international jurisdictions alleging violation of consumer protection laws, fraud, computer intrusion and other causes of action related to the Company’s performance management feature used in its iPhone operating systems, introduced to certain iPhones in iOS updates 10.2.1 and 11.2. The claims seek monetary damages and other non-monetary relief. On April 5, 2018, several U.S. federal actions were consolidated through a Multidistrict Litigation process into a single action in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California. In addition to civil litigation, the Company is also responding to governmental investigations and requests for information relating to the performance management feature. The Company believes that its iPhones were not defective, that the performance management feature introduced with iOS updates 10.2.1 and 11.2 was intended to, and did, improve customers’ user experience, and that the Company did not make any misleading statements or fail to disclose any material information. The Company has accrued its best estimate for the ultimate resolution of these matters.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 21


Note 11 – Segment Information and Geographic Data
The Company reports segment information based on the “management” approach. The management approach designates the internal reporting used by management for making decisions and assessing performance as the source of the Company’s reportable segments.
The Company manages its business primarily on a geographic basis. The Company’s reportable segments consist of the Americas, Europe, Greater China, Japan and Rest of Asia Pacific. Americas includes both North and South America. Europe includes European countries, as well as India, the Middle East and Africa. Greater China includes China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Rest of Asia Pacific includes Australia and those Asian countries not included in the Company’s other reportable segments. Although the reportable segments provide similar hardware and software products and similar services, each one is managed separately to better align with the location of the Company’s customers and distribution partners and the unique market dynamics of each geographic region. The accounting policies of the various segments are the same as those described in Note 1, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Part II, Item 8 of the 2018 Form 10-K.
The Company evaluates the performance of its reportable segments based on net sales and operating income. Net sales for geographic segments are generally based on the location of customers and sales through the Company’s retail stores located in those geographic locations. Operating income for each segment includes net sales to third parties, related cost of sales and operating expenses directly attributable to the segment. Advertising expenses are generally included in the geographic segment in which the expenditures are incurred. Operating income for each segment excludes other income and expense and certain expenses managed outside the reportable segments. Costs excluded from segment operating income include various corporate expenses such as research and development, corporate marketing expenses, certain share-based compensation expenses, income taxes, various nonrecurring charges and other separately managed general and administrative costs. The Company does not include intercompany transfers between segments for management reporting purposes.
The following table shows information by reportable segment for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Americas:
 
 
 
Net sales
$
36,940

 
$
35,193

Operating income
$
11,200

 
$
11,316

 
 
 
 
Europe:
 
 
 
Net sales
$
20,363

 
$
21,054

Operating income
$
6,658

 
$
6,893

 
 
 
 
Greater China:
 
 
 
Net sales
$
13,169

 
$
17,956

Operating income
$
5,314

 
$
6,908

 
 
 
 
Japan:
 
 
 
Net sales
$
6,910

 
$
7,237

Operating income
$
3,014

 
$
3,082

 
 
 
 
Rest of Asia Pacific:
 
 
 
Net sales
$
6,928

 
$
6,853

Operating income
$
2,560

 
$
2,575


Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 22


A reconciliation of the Company’s segment operating income to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 29, 2018 and December 30, 2017 is as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
December 29,
2018
 
December 30,
2017
Segment operating income
$
28,746

 
$
30,774

Research and development expense
(3,902
)
 
(3,407
)
Other corporate expenses, net
(1,498
)
 
(1,093
)
Total operating income
$
23,346

 
$
26,274


Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 23


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This section and other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”) contain forward-looking statements, within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Forward-looking statements can also be identified by words such as “future,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “predicts,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may,” and similar terms. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and the Company’s actual results may differ significantly from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed in Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q under the heading “Risk Factors,” which are incorporated herein by reference. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 29, 2018 (the “2018 Form 10-K”) filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Form 10-Q. All information presented herein is based on the Company’s fiscal calendar. Unless otherwise stated, references to particular years, quarters, months or periods refer to the Company’s fiscal years ended in September and the associated quarters, months and periods of those fiscal years. Each of the terms the “Company” and “Apple” as used herein refers collectively to Apple Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, unless otherwise stated. The Company assumes no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason, except as required by law.
Available Information
The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to reports filed pursuant to Sections 13(a) and 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are filed with the SEC. The Company is subject to the informational requirements of the Exchange Act and files or furnishes reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Such reports and other information filed by the Company with the SEC are available free of charge at investor.apple.com/investor-relations/sec-filings/default.aspx when such reports are available on the SEC’s website. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov. The Company periodically provides other information for investors on its corporate website, www.apple.com, and its investor relations website, investor.apple.com. This includes press releases and other information about financial performance, information on corporate governance and details related to the Company’s annual meeting of shareholders. The information contained on the websites referenced in this Form 10-Q is not incorporated by reference into this filing. Further, the Company’s references to website URLs are intended to be inactive textual references only.
Overview and Highlights
The Company designs, manufactures and markets mobile communication and media devices and personal computers, and sells a variety of related software, services, accessories and third-party digital content and applications. The Company’s products and services include iPhone, Mac, iPad, Apple Watch, AirPods, Apple TV, HomePod, a portfolio of consumer and professional software applications, iOS, macOS, watchOS and tvOS operating systems, iCloud, Apple Pay and a variety of accessory, service and support offerings. The Company sells and delivers digital content and applications through the iTunes Store, App Store, Mac App Store, TV App Store, Book Store and Apple Music (collectively “Digital Content and Services”). The Company sells its products worldwide through its retail stores, online stores and direct sales force, as well as through third-party cellular network carriers, wholesalers, retailers and resellers. In addition, the Company sells a variety of third-party Apple-compatible products, including application software and various accessories, through its retail and online stores. The Company sells to consumers, small and mid-sized businesses and education, enterprise and government customers.
Business Strategy
The Company is committed to bringing the best user experience to its customers through its innovative hardware, software and services. The Company’s business strategy leverages its unique ability to design and develop its own operating systems, hardware, application software and services to provide its customers products and solutions with innovative design, superior ease-of-use and seamless integration. As part of its strategy, the Company continues to expand its platform for the discovery and delivery of digital content and applications through its Digital Content and Services, which allows customers to discover and download or stream digital content, iOS, Mac, Apple Watch and Apple TV applications, and books through either a Mac or Windows personal computer or through iPhone, iPad and iPod touch devices, Apple TV, Apple Watch and HomePod. The Company also supports a community for the development of third-party software and hardware products and digital content that complement the Company’s offerings. The Company believes a high-quality buying experience with knowledgeable salespersons who can convey the value of the Company’s products and services greatly enhances its ability to attract and retain customers. Therefore, the Company’s strategy also includes building and expanding its own retail and online stores and its third-party distribution network to effectively reach more customers and provide them with a high-quality sales and post-sales support experience. The Company believes ongoing investment in research and development (“R&D”), marketing and advertising is critical to the development and sale of innovative products, services and technologies.

Apple Inc. | Q1 2019 Form 10-Q | 24