Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Abco Energy
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
8-K 2019-03-21 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-22 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-31 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-11 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-21 Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-20 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-04 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-12 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-04 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-13 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-14 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-22 Other Events, Exhibits
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ABCE 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 8. Financial Statements.
Note 1 - Overview and Description of The Company
Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3 - Going Concern
Note 4 - Warranties of The Company
Note 5 - Accounts Receivable and Work in Process
Note 6 - Inventory
Note 7 - Security Deposits and Long Term Commitments
Note 8 - Alternative Energy Finance Corporation (Aefc)
Note 9 - Property and Equipment
Note 10 - Notes Payable Officers and Related Party Transactions
Note 11 - Short Term Notes Payable
Note 12 - Long Term Debt
Note 13 - Convertible Debt and Derivative Valuation
Note 14 - Convertible Debt and Derivative Liabilities on Other Notes
Note 15 - Stockholder's Equity
Note 16 - Other Matters
Note 17 - Subsequent Events
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.
EX-31.01 ex_140286.htm
EX-31.02 ex_140287.htm
EX-32.01 ex_140288.htm

Abco Energy Earnings 2018-12-31

ABCE 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 abcoenergy20181231_10k.htm FORM 10-K abcoenergy20181231_10k.htm

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 16, 2019



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-K

 


 

 ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2018

 

Commission File Number 000-55235

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 

 

Nevada

 

20-1914514

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation

or organization)

 

(IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

2100 North Wilmot

Tucson, Arizona

85712

(520) 777-0511

(Address of principal executive office)

(Zip Code)

(Registrant’s telephone number,

including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None.

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined by Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes ☐  No ☒

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated ☐

Accelerated filer ☐  

Non-Accelerated Filer ☐

Smaller reporting company  ☐

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Emerging growth company ☒

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Act.)  Yes ☐  No ☒

 

As of April 15, 2019, the aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $1,352,838 using the closing price on that day of $0.022.

 

As of April 15, 2019, there were 61,492,630 shares of registrant’s common stock outstanding. 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

Part I

Item 1.

Business

3

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

7

 

 

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

7

 

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

7

 

 

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

7

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

7

 

 

 

Part II

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

8

 

 

 

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

9

 

 

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

9

 

 

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

11

 

 

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

12

 

 

 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

31

 

 

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

31

 

 

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

31

 

 

 

Part III

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

32

 

 

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

34

 

 

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

35

 

 

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

36

 

 

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

37

 

 

 

Part IV

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

38

 

 

 

 

Signatures

39

 

 

PART I

 

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (including the section regarding Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations) contains forward-looking statements regarding our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions or variations of such words are intended to identify forward-looking statements, but are not deemed to represent an all-inclusive means of identifying forward-looking statements as denoted in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Additionally, statements concerning future matters are forward-looking statements.

 

Although forward-looking statements in this Annual Report on Form 10-K reflect the good faith judgment of our Management, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known by us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences in results and outcomes include, without limitation, those specifically addressed under the heading “Risks Factors” below, as well as those discussed elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers are urged not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We file reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). You can read and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549.  You can obtain additional information about the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site (www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, including us.

 

A 20 to 1 Reverse Stock Split became effective with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“Finra”) on December 23, 2018 where upon our common stock began to trade on a reverse split adjusted basis. All per share numbers and share prices included herein have been adjusted to reflect this Reverse Stock Split, including the audited financial statements.

 

We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements to reflect any event or circumstance that may arise after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made throughout the entirety of this Annual Report, which attempt to advise interested parties of the risks and factors that may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K includes the accounts of ABCO Energy, Inc. (“Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, as follows, collectively referred to as “we”, “us” or the “Company”. Wholly owned subsidiaries include:

 

ABCO Solar, Inc. An Arizona C Corporation

Alternative Energy Finance Corporation, (AEFC) a Wyoming Company

 

(provides funding for leases of photovoltaic systems)

Alternative Energy Finance Corp. An Arizona “C” Corporation

Alternative Energy Solar Fund #1, an Arizona Limited Liability Corporation

ABCO Air Conditioning Services, Inc., an Arizona C corporation

 

ITEM 1.  BUSINESS.

 

OVERALL STRATEGIC DIRECTION

 

The Company is in the Photo Voltaic (PV) solar systems industry and is an electrical product and services supplier.  The Company plans to build out a network of operations in major cities in the USA to establish a national base of PV suppliers, lighting suppliers and electrical service operations centers.  This combination of services, solar and electric, provides the company with a solid base in the standard electrical services business and a solid base in the growth markets of solar systems industry.

 

 

OVERVIEW

 

As of December 31, 2018, we operated in Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona.  The Company’s plan is to expand to more locations in North America in the next year as funding becomes available. We believe that the solar and energy efficiency business functions better if the employees are local individuals working and selling in their own community. Our customers have indicated a preference for dealing with local firms and we will continue our focus on company-owned integrated product and services offices. Once a local firm is established, growth tends to come from experience, quality and name recognition. We remain committed to high quality operations.

 

Our audited statements for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 are presented below with major category details of revenue and expense including the components of operating expenses.

 

DESCRIPTION OF PRODUCTS

 

ABCO sells and installs Solar Photovoltaic electric systems that allow the customer to produce their own power on their residence or business property.  These products, installed by our crews, are purchased from both USA and offshore manufacturers. We have available and utilize many suppliers of US manufactured solar products from such companies as Mia Soleil, Canadian Solar, Boviet, Westinghouse Solar and various Korean, German and Chinese suppliers.  In addition, we purchase from several local and regional distributors whose products are readily available and selected for markets and price.  ABCO offers solar leasing and long term financing programs from Service Finance Corporation, Green Sky, AEFC and others that are offered to ABCO customers and other marketing and installation organizations.

 

ABCO also sells and installs energy efficient lighting products, solar powered street lights and lighting accessories.  ABCO contracts directly with manufacturers to purchase its lighting products which are sold to residential and commercial customers.

 

ABCO has Arizona statewide approval as a registered electrical services and solar products installer and as an air conditioning and refrigeration installer.  Our license is ROC 258378 electrical and ROC 323162 HVAC and we are fully licensed to offer commercial and residential electrical services, HVAC and solar.     

 

The ABCO subsidiary, Alternative Energy Finance Corporation, (AEFC) a Wyoming Company provides funding for leases of photovoltaic systems.  AEFC financed its owned leases from its own cash and now arranges financing with funds provided by other lessors.   

 

COMPETITION

 

The solar power market itself is intensely competitive and rapidly evolving.  Price and available financing are the principal methods of competition in the industry.  Based upon these two criteria, our position in the industry is relatively small.  There is no competitive data available to us in our competitive position within the industry.  Our competitors have established market positions more prominent than ours, and if we fail to attract and retain customers and establish a successful distribution network, we may be unable to achieve sales and market share.  There are several major multi-national corporations that produce solar power products, including, Suntech, Sunpower, First Solar, Kyocera, Sharp, GE, Mitsubishi, Solar World AG and Sanyo.  Also, established integrators are growing and consolidating, including GoSolar, Sunwize and Sunenergy and we expect that future competition will include new entrants to the solar power market.  Further, many of our competitors are developing and are currently producing products based on new solar power technologies that may have costs similar to, or lower than, our projected costs. 

 

COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES

 

The Company believes that its key competitive advantages are:

 

1.

 

The ability to make decisions and use management’s many years of business experience to make the right decisions.

2.

 

Experience with National expansion programs by management.

3.

 

Experience with management of employee operated facilities from a central management office.

4.

 

Experience with multi-media promotional program for name recognition and product awareness.

5.

 

Alternative energy is a fast growing and popular industry that relates well to customers and current or future shareholders that recognize the market, products and business focus.

 

 

ADVANTAGES OF COMPETITORS OVER US

 

The Company believes the following are advantages of Competitors over us.

 

1.

 

Larger competitors have more capital.

2.

 

Larger companies have more experience in the market.

3.

 

Larger companies will get the larger contracts because of the level of experience.

4.

 

We have the same products but must pay more because of volume.  This will be a price consideration in bidding competition

5.

 

We are a small company that may not be able to compete because we do not have experience or working capital adequate to compete with other companies.

 

CURRENT BUSINESS FOCUS

 

We have developed very good promotional material and advertising products.  We have developed the key messages and promotional pieces that are relevant to our business and inexpensive to produce.   We have built an informative and interactive web site that will allow people to assess their requirements and partially build and price a system, much like the automobile dealers utilize. Additional sales promotion will increase when we have secured outside financing or increased sales through direct sales efforts. Readers should review our website at www.abcosolar.com.

 

We have established a direct sales force to sell to Government agencies including State, Local and Federal resources and a separate division to call on the many American Indian governments in the US. This allows us to quote with our specifications, products and services on Requests for Proposals (RFP’s) that are issued by the Government Services Agency (GSA), Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and other agencies. We have found that many projects are not known to the general public and most contractors because governmental agencies do not widely advertise their projects.  By departmentalizing this opportunity, we get more information on projects than is available in the normal course of business.

 

ABCO does not manufacture its solar voltaic (PV) products. We will continue to be a sales and installation contractor with plans to enter the markets of major US and international cities. We will sell and use commercial off the shelf components. Initially this will include the solar panels and LED lighting products purchased to our specification. A strong alliance with a well-respected distributor will be the most conservative decision for the company at this time.

 

ABCO will contract directly with manufacturers for its Solar Street Light products and will sell, install and maintain these products.  These products are considered to be an American Made product and therefore qualify for various government funding programs.

 

Our business and the industry are reliant upon several state and federal programs to assist our customers in the acquisition of our products and services.  Such programs are the utility rebates paid directly to customers for wattage installations and the state and federal tax credit programs that allow a percentage of the actual cost of installations to be refunded in the form of tax credits.  Many states have mandated the utilities to collect funds from their customers for the payment of rebates.  All of these programs are listed on the website www.dsireusa.org.

 

Most of these programs are slated for expiration at differing times in the future.  The federal tax credit of 30% of installation cost will expire at the end of 2020 but will continue at reduced rates through 2024.  The customers benefit from the federal and state tax credits which pass through to the owners of the solar systems.  Investors often require the ownership to remain in their hands so that the tax credits can be passed through to them.  This results in a lesser amount to finance and a benefit to the lessee because it lowers the lease payments.  To the extent known, the curtailment or reduction of this tax credit will make a material change in our business and will very likely lower our sales prices and gross margins. Extension of the program or small reductions will probably not have a material effect on sales or gross margins because the suppliers will adjust to the new norm.  We again emphasize, we cannot predict any of the future or the outcome of unknowns. State rebate mandates and state tax credits are variable by state. All of these programs provide incentives for our customers that result in reduced cost.  The price of solar products has also been reduced drastically in the past two years which helping to balance the need for the subsidies.  

 

The State of Arizona subsidized incentives are not material to our programs at this time. Since the State of Arizona offers $1,000 tax credit per residential installation and no utility rebates for residential or commercial installations, this amount of credit is not likely to negatively impact our business because it will not materially affect the price of the installation.  This amount currently represents less than 2% of the price of an average residential installation.  The commercial tax credit is 10% of the installation price and capped at $25,000. We have not found this credit to be an adequate incentive for a buyer of a solar project to make a purchase decision and if not available, in our opinion, most sales would not be affected.

 

 

CUSTOMER BASE

 

Referrals are important in any market and time in business makes the customer base grow. No customer represented a significant percentage of the Company’s total revenue in the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 or 2017.  The company believes that the knowledge, relationships, reputation and successful track record of its management will help it to build and maintain its customer base.

 

EXPERIENCED MANAGEMENT

 

The Company believes that it has experienced management. ABCO’s principal, Charles O’Dowd, has ten years of experience in the sales and installation of solar products and more than forty years of business experience.   Mr. O’Dowd has the ability and experience to attract and hire experienced and talented individuals to help manage the company.  

 

Mr. Wayne Marx has been a member of the ABCO Board of Directors for seven years.  He also has over 40 years of self-employed business experience   The Company believes that long term business experience is our most valuable management tool.

 

ABCO has several experienced and long term employees on staff with a number of years of experience in provision of electrical services including lighting and solar installations. The Company believes that the knowledge, relationships, reputation and successful track record of its management will help it to build and maintain its customer base.

 

FINANCIAL RESOURCES

 

ABCO’s development activities since inception have been financially sustained through the sale of equity and capital contribution from shareholders.  We will continue to source capital from the equity and debt markets in order to fund our plans for expansion if we are unable to produce adequate capital from operations.  There is no guarantee that the Company will be able to obtain adequate capital from these sources, or at all.

 

EMPLOYEES

 

The Company presently has 25 full-time employees with four (4) in management, and four (4) in sales and the balance are in various labor crew positions. The Company anticipates that it will need to hire additional employees as the business grows. In addition, the Company may expand the size of our Board of Directors in the future.  Mr. O’Dowd devotes full time (40 plus hours) to the affairs of the Company.  No employees are represented by a union and there have not been any work stoppages.

 

IMPLICATIONS OF BEING AN EMERGING GROWTH COMPANY

 

We are an “emerging growth company”, as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (“JOBS Act”).   For as long as we are an “emerging growth company,” we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 40(t) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (“SOX”) and reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports.

 

Under the JOBS Act, we will remain an “emerging growth company” until the earliest of:

 

 

the last day of the fiscal year during which we have total annual gross revenues of $1 Billion dollars;

 

 

the last day of the fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of completion of our first offering;

 

 

the date on which we have, during the previous three-year period, issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt; and

 

 

The date on which we are deemed to be “large accelerated filer” under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).  We will qualify as a “large accelerated filer” as of the first day of the first fiscal year after we have (i) more than $700 million in accelerated common equity held by our non-affiliated and (ii) been public for at least 12 months, the value of our outstanding common equity will be measured each year on the last day of our second fiscal quarter.

 

 

The JOBS Act also provides that an “emerging growth company” can utilize the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), for complying with new or revisited accounting standards.  However, we are choosing to “opt out” of such extended transition period, and, as a result, we will comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for companies that are not “emerging growth companies.”  Section 107 of the JOBS Act provides that our decision to opt out of the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards is irrevocable.

 

We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the JOBS Act.  For as long as we continue to be an “emerging growth company,” we may take advantage of exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to either public companies that are not “emerging growth companies,” including not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of SOX.  As an “emerging growth company” we are required to report fewer years of selected historical financial data than that reported by other public companies.  We may take advantage of these exemptions until we are no longer an “emerging growth company.”  We could be an “emerging growth company” for up to five years, although circumstances could cause us to lose that status earlier, including if the market value of our ordinary shares held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of any June 30 (the end of our second fiscal quarter) in which case we would no longer be an “emerging growth company” as of the following December 31 (our fiscal year end).  We cannot predict if investors will find our shares less attractive because we may rely on these exemptions.  If some investors find our shares less attractive as a result, there may be less active trading market for our shares and the price of our shares may be more volatile.

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”

 

ITEM 1B.  UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.

 

None.

 

ITEM 2.  PROPERTIES.

 

The Company has paid security deposits on the three rented spaces it occupies for offices and warehouse which total $2,700 on December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

There is no lease on the Williams, Arizona property because this office is located in the office of a Director and no lease has been established.

 

On May 1, 2014, the Company rented office and warehouse space consisting of 3,600 square feet at 2100 N. Wilmot #211, Tucson, Arizona on a one year lease.  A third lease extension for twelve months was signed on November 1, 2018, and this lease has a forward commitment of $33,360 as of December 31, 2018.  Additional space is available in the current locations if needed.  The Company considers these facilities adequate for current operations level and for substantial growth in the future.  Additional space is available in the current locations if needed.

 

ITEM 3.  LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. We are currently not aware of any such legal proceedings or claims that we believe will have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, consolidated financial condition, or operating results.

 

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

 

Not applicable. 

 

 

 

PART II

 

ITEM 5.  MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.

 

A VERY LIMITED MARKET FOR OUR SHARES

 

Effective December 23, 2018, our shares were listed on the OTC Market under the symbol ABCED after giving effect to a 1 for 20 reverse stock split which became effective that date. As of December 31, 2018, the shares were last quoted at $0.008 per share. On this date, the Company had approximately 209 shareholders of record. On May 8, 2017, OTC Markets, Inc. de-listed the shares from OTCQB to the OTC Pink market, however, the requirements for the OTCQB Market have been met and ABCO was approved for trading on the OTCQB on April 8, 2019.

 

The OTC Bulletin Board® is maintained by the National Association of Securities Dealers (the NASD, now known as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)). The securities traded on the Bulletin Board are not listed or traded on the floor of an organized national or regional stock exchange. Instead, these securities transactions are conducted through a telephone and computer network connecting dealers in stocks. Over-the-counter stocks are traditionally smaller companies that do not meet the financial and other listing requirements of a regional or national stock exchange.

 

Even if our shares are quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board®, a purchaser of our shares may not be able to resell the shares. Broker-dealers may be discouraged from effecting transactions in our shares because they will be considered penny stocks and will be subject to the penny stock rules. Upon becoming a reporting company, Rules 15g-1 through 15g-9 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, impose sales practice and disclosure requirements on FINRA brokers-dealers who make a market in a “penny stock.” A penny stock generally includes any non-NASDAQ equity security that has a market price of less than $5.00 per share. Under the penny stock regulations, a broker-dealer selling penny stock to anyone other than an established customer or “accredited investor” (generally, an individual with net worth in excess of $1,000,000 or an annual income exceeding $200,000, or $300,000 together with his or her spouse) must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and must receive the purchaser’s written consent to the transaction prior to sale, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. In addition, the penny stock regulations require the broker-dealer to deliver, prior to any transaction involving a penny stock, a disclosure schedule prepared by the Commission relating to the penny stock market, unless the broker-dealer or the transaction is otherwise exempt. A broker-dealer is also required to disclose commissions payable to the broker-dealer and the registered representative and current quotations for the securities. Finally, a broker-dealer is required to send monthly statements disclosing recent price information with respect to the penny stock held in a customer’s account and information with respect to the limited market in penny stocks.  The additional sales practice and disclosure requirements imposed upon broker-dealers may discourage broker-dealers from effecting transactions in our shares, which could severely limit the market liquidity of the shares and impede the sale of our shares in the secondary market, assuming one develops. 

 

In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer’s financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. The FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.

 

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 the Company sold 6,162,119 restricted common shares in Regulation S offerings to non-US investors. The total proceeds from the offering was $583,536.  Commission and expense reimbursements totaled $293,720 and the legal and administrative expense of offerings totaled $39,176.  The Company recorded net proceeds totaling $ 250,641.

 

The shares sold in the private placement were not registered under the Securities Act, or the securities laws of any state, and were offered and sold in reliance on the exemption from registration afforded by Section 4(a)(2), Rule 506 of Regulation D and Rule 903 of Regulation S promulgated under the Securities Act and corresponding provisions of state securities laws, which exempt transactions by an issuer not involving any public offering. Based on representations from the investors, the Company determined that the investors are either “accredited investors,” as such term is defined in Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act or not a “U.S. person,” as that term is defined in Rule 902(k) of Regulation S promulgated under the Securities Act, and such investors acquired our common stock, for investment purposes for their own respective accounts and not as nominees or agents, and not with a view to the resale or distribution thereof, and that the investors understood that the shares of our common stock may not be sold or otherwise disposed of without registration under the Securities Act or an applicable exemption therefrom.

 

 

MARKET INFORMATION

 

HOLDERS

 

As of March 31, 2019, we had approximately 209 shareholders of record of our common stock. The number of record holders was determined from the records of our transfer agent and from other sources including NOBO listing of beneficial owners of common stock whose shares are held in the names of various security brokers, dealers, and registered clearing agencies. The transfer agent of our common stock is VStock Transfer LLC, 18 Lafayette Place, Woodmere, New York, 17598.

 

DIVIDENDS

 

We have never paid any cash dividends on our capital stock and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future.  We intend to retain future earnings to fund ongoing operations and future capital requirements of our business. Any future determination to pay cash dividends will be at the discretion of the Board and will be dependent upon our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, and such other factors as the Board deems relevant.

 

ITEM 6.  SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.

 

Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”

 

ITEM 7.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

 

Forward Looking Statements

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations include several forward-looking statements that reflect management’s current views with respect to future events and financial performance. You can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate” and “continue,” or similar words.  Those statements include statements regarding the intent, belief or current expectations of us and the management team as well as the assumptions on which such statements are based. Prospective investors are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risk and uncertainties, and that actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements.

 

Readers are urged to carefully review and consider the various disclosures made by us in this report and in our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Important factors not currently known to management could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements.  We undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes in the future operating results over time. We believe that our assumptions are based upon reasonable data derived from and business and operations of the Company.  No assurances are made that actual results of operations or the results of our future activities will not differ materially from our assumptions.  Factors that could cause differences include, but are not limited to, expected market demand for our products, fluctuations in pricing for materials, and competition.

 

RESULTS OF OPERATION

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS FOR THE FISCAL YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes. This discussion and analysis contain certain statements that are not historical facts, including, among others, those relating to our anticipated financial performance for fiscal 2019, cash requirements, and our expected operating office openings. Only statements which are not historical facts are forward-looking and speak only as of the date on which they are made.  Information included in this discussion and analysis includes commentary on company-owned offices and sales volumes. Management believes such sales information is an important measure of our performance and is useful in assessing consumer acceptance of the ABCO Energy Business Model and the overall health of the Company.  All our financial information is reported in accordance with U. S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).  Such financial information should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for other measures of performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. 

 

 

OVERVIEW

 

As of December 31, 2018, we operated in Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona. The Company’s plan is to expand to more locations in North America in the next year. We believe that the solar and energy efficiency business functions better if the employees are local individuals working and selling in their own community.  Our customers have indicated a preference for dealing with local firms and we will continue our focus on company-owned integrated product and services offices. Once a local firm is established, growth tends to come from experience, quality and name recognition.  This will result in larger contracting jobs, statewide expansion and growth in revenue.  We remain committed to high quality operations.

 

Our operating results for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 are presented below with major category details of revenue and expense including the components of operating expenses. Footnote 10 to the financial statements discloses the related party transactions of Officer, Directors and other related parties.

 

FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 COMPARED TO FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2017

 

Sales increased to $2,867,442 in 2018, an increase of $1,420,386 or 98% over 2017 sales of $1,447,056. Lack of funds and available staff has reduced our ability to a higher increase in sales but the status of the solar market political scene in Arizona has been harmful to the industry.  Our experience has shown us that there is going to be such pressure on our market, and we are changing to prevent the decreases in sales in the future.  We have added new products and new sales personnel and intend to find merger and acquisition funding and acquisition or merger candidates during the current year.  There is no assurance that ABCO will be able to accomplish these goals in the coming year. 

 

Cost of sales increased by $888,746, or 77% to $2,040,339 in 2018 from $1,151,593 in 2017 due primarily to the increase in sales. The Company also changed its focus from residential installs to a commercial focus in order to meet changes in the market. Gross margin as a percentage of total sales increased to 29% in 2018 from 20% in 2017, primarily due to better management of costs on our large commercial jobs in 2018. We hope to bid these contracts more favorably in the future to prevent negative cost of sales numbers.  We hope that more efficient production and a sales mix shift to the higher profit commercial market emphasis will improve these numbers.

 

General and administrative expenses increased by $182,403, or 22%, in 2018 from $834,457 in 2017 due primarily to maintaining the administration staff in order to control operations, to train and hire additional sales force and to administer public company expenses in 2018.  An 98% increase in sales revenue is the main reason administrative expenses increased in 2018.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Our primary liquidity and capital requirements have been for carrying cost of accounts receivable and inventory during and after completion of contracts. This process can easily exceed 90 days and requires the contractor to pay all or most of the cost of the project without assistance from suppliers. Our working capital at December 31, 2018 was $(768,960) and it was $(1,140,059) at December 31, 2017. This increase of $371,099 was primarily funded by our private equity offerings. Bank financing has not been available to the Company.  Working capital calculations include the effect of derivative liabilities in the amount of $74,848 for 2018, a reduction from $178,013 at December 31, 2017.

 

ABCO Energy has very little contracted lease obligations or long term debt. Our long-term debt net of current portion totaled $18,670 at December 31, 2018 and $0 at December 31, 2017.  The Company owed Officers and Directors $169,549 and $187,826 respectively on demand notes.

 

STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 our net cash used in operating activities was $347,325 and $167,739 respectively. Net cash provided by operating activities in the period ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 consisted primarily of net loss from operations adjusted for non-cash expenses and a decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses and mainly the changes in the results of operations.

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $(10,863) and $(197) respectively due to acquisitions of equipment and deposits on leased real estate. Net cash provided by financing activities for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $420,850 and $160,448 respectively. Net cash provided by financing activities for 2018 and 2017, resulted primarily from the issuance of common stock and the conversion of convertible debt into common stock. Cash flows from Financing Activities were reduced by legal and the costs of the SEC filings, including the preparation of a Schedule 14A proxy statement, preparation of two Schedule 14C statements, and other SEC expenses that aggregated a total of $39,176.

 

Since our inception on August 8, 2008 through December 31, 2018 we have incurred net losses of $(5,180,431), including the effects of derivatives on convertible debt totaling $1,465,597. Our cash and cash equivalent balances were $67,707 and $5,046 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 respectively.  At December 31, 2018, we had total liabilities of $1,198,688 as opposed to $1,230,217 at December 31, 2017, a decrease of $31,529.   The changes in excess billings on contracts in progress account for the majority of the difference.

  

We plan to satisfy our future cash requirements – primarily the working capital required for the marketing of our services and to offset legal and accounting fees – by additional financing and more operations income. This will likely be in the form of future debt or equity financing.  Based on our current operating plan, we have sufficient working capital to sustain operations for the short term if we do not expand our business. We will not however, be able to reach our goals and projections for multistate expansion without a cash infusion. We expect that our revenue will increase at a steady pace and that this volume of business will result in profitable operations in the future.

 

OFF BALANCE SHEET TRANSACTIONS

 

The Company has no off balance sheet transactions during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

ITEM 7A.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

Not required under Regulation S-K for “smaller reporting companies.”

 

 

ITEM 8.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS FOR CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

 

Page

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms

 

13

 

 

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

15

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

 16

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

 17

 

 

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017

 

 18

 

 

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 19

 

 

 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of

 

ABCO Energy, Inc.

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of ABCO Energy, Inc. as of December 31, 2018 and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ deficit and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of ABCO Energy, Inc. at December 31, 2018, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year then ended in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 3, the Company has incurred accumulated deficits, recurring operating losses since inception and negative cash flows from operations. This and other factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also discussed in Note 3. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 

 

/s/ KSP Group

 

Los Angeles, CA

April 15, 2019

 

 

 

802 N Washington

Spokane, WA 99201

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Board of Directors and

Stockholders of ABCO Energy Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of ABCO Energy Inc. (the Company) as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, and the results of its consolidated operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the two-year period ended December 31, 2017, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Consideration of the Company’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 3 to the financial statements, the Company has a history of operating losses, has limited cash resources, and its viability is dependent on its ability to meet future financing requirements. These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 3. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

Fruci & Associates II, PLLC

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2017.

 

Spokane, WA

April 17, 2018

 

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2018, and 2017

 

ASSETS

 

December 31 2018

   

December 31 2017

 

Current Assets

               

Cash

  $ 67,707     $ 5,046  

Accounts receivable on completed projects

    105,187       46,985  

Accounts receivable on incomplete projects

    184,212       -  

Inventory

    53,950       38,127  

Total Current Assets

  $ 411,056     $ 90,158  

Fixed Assets

               

Vehicles, office furniture & equipment –

net of accumulated depreciation

    36,538       21,941  

Other Assets

               

Investment in long term leases

    10,512       11,281  

Security deposits

    2,700       2,700  

Total Other Assets

    13,212       13,981  

Total Assets

  $ 460,806     $ 126,080  
                 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

               

Current liabilities

               

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

  $ 549,611     $ 496,991  

Excess billing on contracts in progress

    85,777       83,813  

Notes payable – merchant loans

    53,362       96,338  

Derivative liability on convertible debentures

    74,848       178,013  

Notes payable officers and affiliates

    169,549       187,826  

Convertible debentures – net of discount

    -       187,236  

Note payable non affiliate

    49,563       -  

Preferred stock series C

    189,680       -  

Current portion of long term debt

    7,628       -  

Total Current Liabilities

    1,180,018       1,230,217  
                 

Long term debt, net of current portion

    18,670       -  

Total Liabilities

    1,198,688       1,230,217  
                 

Commitments and contingencies

    0       0  
                 

Stockholders’ Deficit:

               

Preferred stock, 100,000,000 shares authorized, $0.001 par value, and 30,000,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018 and 15,000,000 at December 31, 2017

    30,000       15,000  

Common stock, 5,000,000,000 shares authorized, $0.001 par value, 31,886,289, and 6,248,507 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively

    31,886       6,249  

Common shares sold not issued – 870,000 at December 31, 2018 and 1,858,414 at December 31, 2017

    870       256,237  

Additional paid-in capital

    4,379,793       3,158,541  

Accumulated deficit

    (5,180,431

)

    (4,540,163

)

Total Stockholders’ Deficit

    (737,882

)

    (1,104,137

)

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

  $ 460,806     $ 126,080  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 and 2017

 

   

December 31, 2018

   

December 31, 2017

 
                 

Revenues

  $ 2,867,442     $ 1,447,056  
                 

Cost of Sales

    2,040,339       1,151,593  
                 

Gross Profit

    827,103       295,463  
                 

Operating Expenses:

               
                 

     Payroll

    325,567       254,646  

     Share based expense

    27,000       101,400  

     Consulting expense

    93,728       70,246  

     Corporate expense

    35,165       46,759  

     Professional fees

    101,598       56,764  

     Rent

    35,936       27,380  

     Other selling and administrative expense

    397,866       277,262  
                 

Total operating expense

    1,016,860       834,457  
                 

Net (Loss) from operations

    (189,757

)

    (538,994

)

                 

Other expenses

               

Interest on notes payable

    (71,712

)

    (102,231

)

Loss on note issuance

    (36,230

)

    (109,889

)

Change in Derivative (Gain) Loss

    61,251       214,265  

Finance Fees – derivatives

    (33,018

)

    (197,752

)

(Loss) on extinguishment of debt

    (370,802

)

    134,665

 

     Total other expenses

    (450,511

)

    (60,942

)

                 

Net (Loss) before provision for income taxes

    (640,268

)

    (599,936

)

                 

Provision for income tax

    -       -  
                 

Net (loss)

  $ (640,268

)

  $ (599,936

)

                 

Net (loss) Per Share (Basic and Fully Diluted)

  $ (0.01

)

  $ (0.01

)

                 

Weighted average number of common shares used in the calculation

    20,431,605       4,725,257  

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017 

 

   

Common Stock

   

Preferred

Stock

   

Additional

Paid in

Capital

   

Shares to be issued

   

Accumulated

Deficit

   

Total Stockholders’

Deficit

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

$0.001 Par

                     
                                                         

 Balance at December 31, 2016 (post reverse split)

    26,871,876     $ 26,872       -     $ 3,023,926       -     $ (3,940,227     $ (889,429

)

Preferred stock issued to management

    -       -     $ 15,000       -       -       -       15,000  

Common shares issued under private placement offering - net of expenses

    60,840,000       60,840       -       181,506       -       -       242,346  

Common shares to be issued under private placement offering - net of expenses

    -       -       -       -       246,237       -       246,237  

Common shares issued for conversion of convertible debenture notes - net of expenses

    6,290,000       6,290       -       7,164       -       -       13,454  

Shares issued for services

    3,968,254       3,968       -       6,032       -       -       10,000  

Shares to be issued for services

    -       -               -       10,000       -       10,000  

Shares issued under management compensation

    27,000,000       27,000       -       54,400       -       -       81,400  

Legal and promotion expense

    -       -       -       (55,711

)

    -       -       (55,711

)

Derivative interest expense on convertible debentures

    -       -       -       (177,498

)

    -       -       -  

Net (loss) for the year

    -       -       -       -       -       (599,936

)

    (599,936

)

                                                         

Balance at December 31, 2017

    124,970,130     $ 124,970     $ 15,000     $ 3,039,819     $ 256,237     $ (4,540,163

)

  $ (1,104,137

)

1 for 20 Reverse – December 23, 2018

    6,248,507       6,248       15,000       3,158,541       256,237       (4,540,163       (1,104,137

)

Preferred stock issued to management

                    15,000                               15,000  

Common shares issued under private placement offering - net of expenses

    7,150,532       7,150               538,034       (256,237 )             288,947  

Common shares to be issued under private placement offering - net of expenses

    870,000       870                                       870  

Common shares issued for conversion of convertible debenture notes - net of expenses

    16,767,650       16,768               687,115                       703,883  

Shares issued for services

    369,599       370               9,630                       10,000  

Shares issued under ABCO management compensation

    1,350,000       1,350               25,650                       27,000  

Legal and promotion expense

                            (39,176

)

                    (39,176

)

                                                         

Net (loss) for the year

                                            (640,268

)

    (640,268

)

Balance at December 31, 2018

    32,756,288       32,756     $ 30,000     $ 4,379,793     $ -     $ (5,180,431

)

  $ (737,882

)

 

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 and 2017

 

   

December 31,

   

December 31,

 
   

2018

   

2017

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

               

Net loss

  $ (640,268

)

  $ (599,936

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:

               

Depreciation

    18,610       7,785  

              Shares issued to officers and consultants

    52,000       116,401  

Inventory change

    (8,823

)

    8,574  

Amortization of debt discount

    2,311       197,752  

Change in Derivative liability

    (61,251

)

    (214,265

)

Changes in Accounts receivable on completed contracts

    (58,202

)

    56,656  

Change in accounts receivable on incomplete contracts

    (184,212

)

    -  
Increase (decrease) in prepaid expenses     -       151,846  

Billings in excess of costs on incomplete projects

    1,964       83,813  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    90,496       19,552  

Loss on note issuance

    36,230       109,889  

Finance fees on derivatives

    33,018       28,859  

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

    370,802       (134,665

)

Net cash used in operating activities

    (347,325

)

    (167,739

)

                 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

               

Purchase of equipment

    (11,633

)

    -  

Proceeds from investments in long term leases

    769       703  

Product and lease deposits

    -       (900

)

                 

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities

    (10,864

)

    (197

)

                 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

               

Proceeds from sale of common stock – net of expenses

    250,641       255,373  

              Merchant loans – net of principal payments

    60,000       35,048  

              Proceeds of related party notes payable

    -       10,479  

Payments on related party notes payable

    (18,277

)

    -  

Payment on debt

    (150,514 )     (140,452

)

Proceeds from loans from non-affiliate

    60,000       -  

Proceeds from preferred stock sales

    219,000       -  

Net cash provided by financing activities

    420,850       160,448  
                 

Net increase (decrease) in cash

    62,661       (7,488

)

Cash, beginning of period

    5,046       12,534  

Cash, end of period

  $ 67,707     $ 5,046  

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

Cash paid for interest

  $ 117,332     $ 102,231  

Shares issued or to be issued for services

    52,000       101,400  

Income taxes paid or accrued

  $ 0     $ 0  

  

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 and 2017

 

Note 1 – Overview and Description of the Company

 

ABCO Energy, Inc. was organized on July 29, 2004 and operated until July 1, 2011 as Energy Conservation Technologies, Inc. (ENYC).  On July 1, 2011 ENYC entered into a share exchange agreement (SEA) with ABCO Energy, Inc. (“Company”) and acquired all the assets of ABCO.  ENYC changed its name to ABCO Energy, Inc. on October 31, 2011.  As a result of the SEA, the outstanding shares of ENYC as of June 30, 2011 were restated in a one for twenty three (1 for 23) reverse stock split prior to the exchange to approximately 9% of the post-exchange outstanding common shares of the Company.

 

On January 13, 2017, the Board of Directors of the Company approved a reverse stock split of its common stock, at a ratio of 1-for-10 (the “Reverse Stock Split”).  The Reverse Stock Split became effective with FINRA (the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) and in the marketplace on January 13, 2017 (the “Effective Date”), whereupon the shares of common stock began trading on a split adjusted basis.  As a result of the Reverse Stock Split the number of authorized shares of common stock was reduced to 50,000,000 from 500,000,000 shares.  The Company held a Special Meeting of Stockholders in May 2017 which authorized an amendment to the Articles of Incorporation to increase the authorized common share capital to 2,000,000,000 common shares and 100,000,000 preferred shares.  Thereafter, on September 27, 2017, by written consent the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares voted to authorize an additional amendment to increase the authorized common shares to 2,000,000,000 shares

 

On December 23, 2018 the Board of Directors of the Company approved a reverse stock split of its common stock, at a ratio of 1-for-20 (the “Reverse Stock Split”).  The Reverse Stock Split became effective with FINRA (the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority) and in the marketplace on December 23, 2018 (the “Effective Date”), whereupon the shares of common stock began trading on a split adjusted basis.  

 

On November 8, 2018, by written consent the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares voted to authorize an additional amendment to increase the authorized common shares to 5,000,000,000 shares. All share numbers through-out these financial statements and notes thereto have been adjusted to reflect this reverse split.

 

The Company is in the Photo Voltaic (PV) solar systems industry, the LED and energy efficient commercial lighting business and is an electrical product and services supplier.  In 2018 ABCO entered the HVAC business with the acquisition of a small company’s assets and qualifying license. The Company plans to build out a network of operations in major cities in the USA to establish a national base of PV, HVAC, lighting and electrical service operations centers.  This combination of services, solar and electric, provides the Company with a solid base in the standard electrical services business and a solid base in the growth markets of solar systems industry.

 

OVERVIEW

 

As of December 31, 2018, we operated in Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona.  The Company plan is to expand to more locations in North America in the next year as funding becomes available. We believe that the solar and energy efficiency business functions better if the employees are local individuals working and selling in their own community. Our customers have indicated a preference for dealing with local firms and we will continue our focus on company-owned integrated product and services offices. Once a local firm is established, growth tends to come from experience, quality and name recognition. We remain committed to high quality operations.

 

DESCRIPTION OF PRODUCTS

 

ABCO sells and installs Solar Photovoltaic electric systems that allow the customer to produce their own power on their residence or business property.  These products, installed by our crews, are purchased from both USA and offshore manufacturers. We have available and utilize many suppliers of US manufactured solar products from such companies as Mia Soleil, Canadian Solar, Boviet, Westinghouse Solar and various Korean, German and Chinese suppliers.  In addition, we purchase from several local and regional distributors whose products are readily available and selected for markets and price.  ABCO offers solar leasing and long term financing programs from Service Finance Corporation, Green Sky, AEFC and others that are offered to ABCO customers and other marketing and installation organizations.

 

ABCO also sells and installs energy efficient lighting products, regular and solar powered air conditioning equipment, solar powered street lights and lighting accessories.  ABCO contracts directly with manufacturers to purchase its lighting products which are sold to residential and commercial customers.

 

 

ABCO has Arizona statewide approval as a registered electrical services, HVAC and solar products installer.  Our license is ROC 258378 electrical and ROC 323162 HVAC and we are fully licensed to offer commercial and residential services.  As in all states, we will comply with all licensing requirements of those jurisdictions.

 

The ABCO subsidiary, Alternative Energy Finance Corporation, (AEFC) a Wyoming Company provides funding for leases of photovoltaic and HVAC systems.  AEFC financed its owned leases from its own cash and now arranges financing with funds provided by other lessors.   AEFC has not done any company owned new leases since 2011 but intends to do so as cash becomes available.

 

Note 2 – Summary of significant accounting policies

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates

 

These financial statements consist of the consolidated financial positions and results of operations of both the parent, ABCO Energy, Inc. and the subsidiary companies.  In the opinion of Management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of results for the fiscal years presented have been included.  These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates and judgments, including those related to revenue recognition, inventories, adequacy of allowances for doubtful accounts, valuation of long-lived assets, income taxes, equity-based compensation, litigation and warranties.  The Company bases its estimates on historical and anticipated results and trends and on various other assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable under the circumstances, including assumptions as to future events.

 

Significant estimates include but are not limited to the estimated useful lives of equipment for purposes of depreciation, percentage of completion and the valuation of common and preferred shares issued for services, equipment and the liquidation of liabilities

 

The policies discussed below are considered by management to be critical to an understanding of the Company’s financial statements.  These estimates form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.  By their nature, estimates are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty.  Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

There are only cash accounts included in our cash equivalents in these statements.  For purposes of the statement of cash flows, the Company considers all short-term securities with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. There are no short term cash equivalents reported in these financial statements. 

 

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are to be stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.  Depreciation is recorded on the straight-line basis according to IRS guidelines over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from three to ten years.  Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred. 

 

Revenue Recognition

The Company generates revenue from sales of solar products, LED lighting, installation services and leasing fees. During the last two fiscal years, the company had product sales as follows:

 

Sales Product and Services Description

 

2018

   

2017

 

Solar PV residential and commercial sales

  $ 2,576,640       90

%

  $ 1,315,907       91

%

Energy efficient lighting & other income

    291,824       9

%

    130,164       8

%

Interest Income

    978       1

%

    985       1

%

 Total revenue

  $ 2,867,442       100

%

  $ 1,447,056       100

%

 

The Company recognizes product revenue, net of sales discounts, returns and allowances. These statements establish that revenue can be recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, and all significant contractual obligations have been satisfied, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collection is considered probable. 

 

 

Our revenue recognition is recorded on the percentage of completion method for sales and installation revenue and on the accrual basis for fees and interest income.  We recognize and record income when the customer has a legal obligation to pay.  All our revenue streams are acknowledged by written contracts for any of the revenue we record.  There are no differences between major classes of customers or customized orders.  We record discounts, product returns, rebates and other related accounting issues in the normal business manner and experience very small number of adjustments to our written contractual sales.  There are no post-delivery obligations because warranties are maintained by our suppliers. Our lease fees are earned by providing services to contractors for financing of solar systems.  Normally we will acquire the promissory note (lease) on a leased system that will provide cash flow for up to 20 years.  Interest is recorded on the books when earned on amortized leases.

 

Accounts Receivable and work-in-progress

The Company recognizes revenue upon delivery of product to customers and does not make bill-and-hold sales.  Contracts spanning reporting periods are recorded on the percentage of completion method, based on the ratio of total costs to total estimated costs by project, for recognition of revenue and expenses.  Accounts receivable includes fully completed and partially completed projects and partially billed statements for completed work and product delivery.  The Company records a reserve for bad debts in the amount of 2% of earned accounts receivable.  When the Company determines that an account is uncollectible, the account is written off against the reserve and the balance to expense.  If the reserve is deemed to be inadequate after annual reviews, the reserve will be increased to an adequate level.

 

Inventory

The Company records inventory of construction supplies at cost using the first in first out method.  After review of the inventory on an annual basis, the Company discounts all obsolete items to fair market value and has established a valuation reserve of 10% of the inventory at total cost to account for obsolescence.

 

Income Taxes

The Company has net operating loss carryforwards as of December 31, 2018 totaling approximately $3,521,421.  Accrued derivative liabilities and stock-based compensation are assumed to be non-tax events. A deferred 21% tax benefit of approximately $754,201 has been offset by a valuation allowance of the same amount as its realization is not assured.

 

Due to the current uncertainty of realizing the benefits of the tax NOL carry-forward, a valuation allowance equal to the tax benefits for the deferred taxes has not been established. The full realization of the tax benefit associated with the carry-forward depends predominately upon the Company’s ability to generate taxable income during future periods, which is not assured.

 

The Company files in the US only and is not subject to taxation in any foreign country.  There are three open years for which the Internal Revenue Service can examine our tax returns so 2015, 2016 and 2017 are still open years and 2018 will replace 2015 when the tax return is filed.

 

Fair Values of Financial Instruments

ASC 825 requires the Corporation to disclose estimated fair value for its financial instruments.  Fair value estimates, methods, and assumptions are set forth as follows for the Corporation’s financial instruments.  The carrying amounts of cash, receivables, other current assets, payables, accrued expenses and notes payable are reported at cost but approximate fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments. The Company evaluates derivatives based on level 3 indicators.

 

ASC 825 requires the Corporation to disclose estimated fair value for its financial instruments.  Fair value estimates, methods, and assumptions are set forth as follows for the Corporation’s financial instruments.  The carrying amounts of cash, receivables, other current assets, payables, accrued expenses and notes payable are reported at cost but approximate fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments.

 

The Company measures assets and liabilities at fair value based on expected exit price as defined by the authoritative guidance on fair value measurements, which represents the amount that would be received on the sale date of an asset or paid to transfer a liability, as the case may be, in an orderly transaction between market participants. As such, fair value may be based on assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The authoritative guidance on fair value measurements establishes a consistent framework for measuring fair value on either a recurring or nonrecurring basis whereby inputs, used in valuation techniques, are assigned a hierarchical level.

 

The following are the hierarchical levels of inputs to measure fair value:

 

Level 1:  Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

 

Level 2:  Inputs reflect quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the assets or liabilities; or inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.

 

Level 3:  Unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s assumptions incorporated in valuation techniques used to determine fair value. These assumptions are required to be consistent with market participant assumptions that are reasonably available.    

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as cash, accounts payable and accrued expenses, approximate their fair values because of the current nature of these instruments. Debt approximates fair value based on interest rates available for similar financial arrangements. Derivative liabilities which have been bifurcated from host convertible debt agreements are presented at fair value.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

Fair value accounting requires bifurcation of embedded derivative instruments such as convertible features in convertible debts or equity instruments, and measurement of their fair value for accounting purposes. In determining the appropriate fair value, the Company uses the binomial option-pricing model. In assessing the convertible debt instruments, management determines if the convertible debt host instrument is conventional convertible debt and further if there is a beneficial conversion feature requiring measurement. If the instrument is not considered conventional convertible debt, the Company will continue its evaluation process of these instruments as derivative financial instruments.  

 

Once determined, derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect fair value at each reporting period end with any increase or decrease in the fair value being recorded in results of operations as an adjustment to fair value of derivatives. In addition, the fair value of freestanding derivative instruments, such as warrants, are also valued using the binomial option-pricing model.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for employee and non-employee stock awards under ASC 718, whereby equity instruments issued to employees for services are recorded based on the fair value of the instrument issued and those issued to non-employees are recorded based on the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instrument, whichever is more reliably measurable.  

 

Effects of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

The Company has reviewed all recently issued accounting pronouncements noting that they do not affect the financial statements.

 

Per Share Computations

Basic net earnings per share are computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding.  Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of common shares and the dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. All shares were considered anti-dilutive at December 31, 2018.  Potentially dilutive share issues are: 1) all unissued common shares sold, the convertible debentures are dilutive, 2) all convertible debentures have a possibility of a large number of shares being issued and would result in a larger number of shares issued if the price remains low, 3) the preferred stock of the company held by insiders is convertible into common shares and the preferred stock is voted on a 20 to 1 basis.  All of the above are potential dilutive items.

 

Reclassification

Certain reclassifications have been made to conform to prior periods’ data to the current presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on reported income.

 

Note 3 – Going Concern

 

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the recoverability of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. Since its inception, the Company has been engaged substantially in financing activities and developing its business plan and marketing.  The Company incurred a net loss of $(640,268), the net cash flow used in operations was $(347,325) and its accumulated net losses from inception through the period ended December 31, 2018 is $5,180,431, which raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. In addition, the Company’s development activities since inception have been financially sustained through capital contributions from shareholders.

 

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to raise additional capital from the sale of common stock or through debt financing and, ultimately, the achievement of significant operating revenues. These financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from this uncertainty.

 

Note 4 – Warranties of the Company

 

ABCO Energy provides a five and ten year workmanship warranties for installed systems that cover labor and installation matters only.  All installed products are warranted by the manufacturer.  In the last four years of operations, all claims on workmanship have been handled expeditiously and inexpensively by the company.  Management does not consider the warranties as a significant or material risk and therefore there is no reserve.

 

Note 5 – Accounts Receivable and Work in Process

 

Accounts receivable as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, consists of the following:

 

Description

 

2018

   

2017

 

Accounts receivable on completed contracts

  $ 105,187     $ 46,985  

Costs and estimated earnings on contracts in progress

    184,212       -  

Total

  $ 289,399     $ 46,985  

 

Work in process consists of costs recorded and revenue earned on projects recognized on the percentage of completion method for work performed on contracts in progress at December 31, 2018 and 2017. The company records contracts for future payments based on contractual agreements entered into at the inception of construction contracts. Amounts are payable from customers based on milestones established in each contract. Amounts are billed in advance and unearned profits are netted against the billed amounts such that accounts receivable reflect current amounts due from customers on completed projects and amounts earned on projects in process are reflected in the balance sheet as costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on contracts in progress.

 

Billings in excess of costs and earnings were $85,777 at December 31, 2018 and $83,813 at December 31, 2017. During December 2018 the Company sold 8 commercial projects that were substantially incomplete at December 31, 2018.

 

Note 6 – Inventory

 

Inventory of construction supplies not yet charged to specific projects was $53,950 and $38,127 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company values items of inventory at the lower of cost or market and uses the first in first out method to charge costs to jobs. The Company has established a valuation reserve of 10% of the value of inventory after write downs for obsolescence.

 

Note 7 – Security deposits and Long Term Commitments

 

The Company has paid security deposits on the rented spaces it occupies for offices and warehouse which total $2,700 on December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

On May 1, 2014, the Company rented office and warehouse space at 2100 N. Wilmot #211, Tucson, Arizona 85712.  This facility consists of 3,600 square feet.  The Company now has a one year lease with monthly rent of $2,841 which was renewed on November 1, 2018 to a term of one year.  ABCO has a forward commitment of $31,251.

 

Note 8 – Alternative Energy Finance Corporation (AEFC)

 

AEFC is a wholly owned subsidiary of ABCO Energy.  AEFC provides funding for leases of photovoltaic systems and finances its own leases from its own cash.  Long term leases recorded on the consolidated financial statements were $10,512 and $11,281 at December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 respectively.

 

 

Note 9 – Property and equipment

 

The Company has acquired all its office and field work equipment with cash payments and financial institution loans. The total fixed assets consist of vehicles, office furniture, tools and various equipment items and the totals are as follows:

 

Asset

 

December 31, 2018

   

December 31, 2017

 

Equipment

  $ 119,343     $ 86,136  

Accumulated depreciation

    (82,805

)

    (64,195

)

Net Fixed Assets

  $ 36,538     $ 21,941  

 

Depreciation expenses for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $18,610 and $7,785 respectively.

 

Note 10 – Notes Payable Officers and Related Party Transactions

 

Related party notes payable as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consists of the following:

 

Description

 

December 31, 2018

   

December 31, 2017

 

Notes payable – Director bearing interest at 12% per annum, unsecured, demand notes.

  $ 60,000     $ 60,000  

Note payable - Officer bearing interest at 12% per annum, unsecured, demand note

    61,052       61,052  

Note payable – other bearing interest at 12% per annum, unsecured, demand note.

    48,497       66,774  

Total

  $ 169,549     $ 187,826  

 

The first note in the amount of $60,000 provides for interest at 12% per annum and is unsecured.  This note resulted in an interest charge of $34,304 accrued and unpaid at December 31, 2018. 

 

The second note has a current balance of $61,052 as of December 31, 2018.  The note is an unsecured demand note and bears interest at 12% per annum. This note resulted in an interest charge of $20,061 accrued and unpaid at December 31, 2018. 

 

The third note is from a related party and has a current balance of $48,497 as of December 31, 2018.  The note is an unsecured demand note and bears interest at 12% per annum. This note resulted in an accumulated interest charge of $19,163 accrued and unpaid at December 31, 2018. 

 

Note 11 – Short Term Notes Payable

 

Description

 

December 31, 2018

   

December 31, 2017

 

Merchant Note payable to Web Bank, borrowed 2-1-16, bearing interest at 23% per annum, unsecured. (1) Settled by negotiated payment in 2018

    -       69,854  

Merchant Note payable to Quarterspot Lending, borrowed 6-27-16, bearing interest at 31% per annum, unsecured. (2) Settled by negotiated payment in 2018

    -       26,484  

Private money loan from Perfectly Green Corporation, borrowed 1-22-18, bearing interest at 3% per annum, unsecured (3) demand note-Original balance $60,000, current balance

    49,563       -  

Merchant note payable to Powerup Lending Group, LLC, borrowed 12-5-18, bearing interest at 26% per annum, unsecured.

    53,362       0  

Total

  $ 102,925     $ 96,338  

 

(1) On February 1, 2016, the Company financed operations with a loan in the amount of $150,000 from WebBank.  The note was an open credit line with interest rate of 23% maturing in March of 2017. A portion of the loan was used to pay off a credit loan from Orchard Street Funding in the amount of $44,061.  On August 22, 2016, the Company ceased making payments on this loan and at December 31, 2017 the Company owed a settled negotiated amount of $69,854 in principal, accrued interest and settlement fees. This loan was personally guaranteed by an Officer of the Company.  The Company has negotiated a payment and payoff arrangements for this debt and completed full payment in 2018.

 

 

(2) On June 27, 2016, the Company financed operations with a loan in the amount of $43,500 from Quarterspot, a lending institution. The note is an open line with interest rate of approximately 31% maturing in September of 2017. On August 22, 2017, the Company ceased making payments on this loan.  As of December 31, 2017, the Company owed $26,484 in principal, accrued interest and settlement fees.  This loan is not personally guaranteed by an Officer of the Company.  A negotiated settlement on the Quarterspot note was $8,650 plus fees.  This note and the fees have been paid in full in 2018.

 

(3) On January 22, 2018 the Company borrowed $60,000 from Perfectly Green Corporation, a Texas corporation.  The Company repaid $10,437 during the year ended December 31, 2018. The note bears interest at 3% per annum and is payable upon demand after 60 days’ notice which can be requested at any time after May 31, 2018.

 

(4) On December 5, 2018 the Company borrowed a merchant note payable to Powerup Lending Group, LLC, borrowed 12-5-18, bearing interest at 26% per annum, unsecured. The balance due at December 31, 2018 was $53,362.

 

During May 2018, the Company authorized a Series C Preferred Stock and has sold three issuances for cash to Power Up Lending Group Ltd as shown in the table below. The Series C Preferred Stock has no voting rights and is subordinate to the Series B Preferred Stock. The Series C Preferred Stock is convertible into common stock after 6 months at the option of the Holder. The conversion into common stock shares is determined by the use of the lowest price of the trading common stock in a 20 day period prior to the elected date to convert. The price is determined by the discount rate of 35% of the lowest price to determine the number of shares. The Series C Preferred is classified as a liability on the Balance Sheet because it is mandatorily redeemable after its 15 month term if not fully converted by that date. The classification of this investment as a liability on the balance sheet will also require a calculation of a derivative liability on future statements.

 

 Name of Holder

 

Date of issuance

   

Date of maturity

   

Amount of issuance

 

Power Up Lending Group, LTD

    5-7-18       11-7-18     $ 78,000  

Power Up Lending Group, LTD

    7-6-18       1-6-19     $ 68,000  

Power Up Lending Group, LTD

    8-24-18       2-24-19     $ 73,000  

     Total amount sold

                  $ 219,000  

Conversions during 2018

                    29,320  

Balance on preferred stock series C liability at December 31, 2018

                  $ 189,680  

 

Effective as of September 2, 2018 Redstart Holdings Corp. (“RHC”) acquired from Power Up Lending Group Ltd., all of the $219,000 Series C Preferred Stock of ABCO Energy, Inc. owned by Power-Up for a one year promissory note from RHC for the principal amount of $328,500 plus interest at 8% per annum pursuant to a Stock Purchase Agreement dated October 31, 2018 (“SPA”). The Company agreed to the transactions contemplated by the SPA.

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2018, the Company redeemed from Redstart 68,000 shares and 73,000 shares, respectively, of the Series C Preferred and retired these shares. Redstart converted all of the 78,000 Series C Preferred into common shares in 2018 and 2019. The balance of this note at December 31, 2018 was $48,680.

 

Note 12 – Long term debt

 

Holder

 

Date issued

   

Interest rate

   

Amount due December 31, 2018

 

Ascentium Capital

    10-1-18       13

%

  $ 14,285  

Fredrick Donze

    9-2-18       6

%

    6,283  

Charles O’Dowd (officer)

    8-9-18       6

%

    5,731  

Total long term debt

                    26,298  

Less Current portion

                    7,628  

     Total long-term debt

                  $ 18,670  

 

ABCO acquired the assets of Dr. Fred Air Conditioning services on September 2, 2018 for the total price of $22,000. The allocation of the purchase price was to truck and equipment at $15,000 and the balance was allocated to inventory.  The truck and equipment were financed by Ascentium Capital.  Mr. Fred Donze, the owner, received a three year promissory note for the balance of $7,000 at 6% interest and with monthly payments of $213.

 

The Company purchased an automobile from its President with a promissory note in the amount of $6,575 dated August 9, 2018 and bears interest at 6% per annum for the three year payment plan.

 

 

Note 13 – Convertible Debt and Derivative Valuation

 

In accordance with the Statement of Financial Accounting Standard ASC 820-10-35-37 Fair Value in Financial Instruments, Statement of Financial Accounting Standard ASC 815 Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities require that instruments with embedded derivative features be valued at their market values.  The Company hired a valuation consultant to value the Convertible Debentures for the derivative portion of the instruments. The Binomial model was used to value the derivative liability for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company funded operations with borrowing on new convertible promissory notes and had other debentures due from 2017. This table presents the positions on the notes at December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

Holder

 

Date

of Loan

   

Loan

amount

   

OID and

discounts

and fees

   

Interest

rate

   

Conversions to

shares

   

Conversion

Dollars

   

Balance

December 31,

2018

   

Balance

December 31,

2017

 

Blackbridge Capital Growth Fund, LLC – Sold to L2 Capital

    11-2-16     $ 100,000     $ 0       0

%

    5,419,670     $ 110270     $ -     $ 92,525  

Crown Bridge Partners, LLC

    1-11-17       45,000       5,000       5

%

    2,447,952       57,339     $ -     $ 39,021  

Power Up Lending Group, Ltd

    11-11-17       58,000       3,000       8

%

    2,556,528       59,815     $ -     $ 58.000  

Total

          $ 203,000     $ 8,000                             $ -     $ 189,546  

Debt discount on derivatives

                                                    -       2,310  

Net total debentures

 

2017 

           

Legal fees

                            $ 0-     $ 187,236  

Power Up Lending Group Ltd - Redstart

    5-7-18     $ 78,000     $ 3,000       8

%

    6,056,000       29,320       48,680          

Power Up Lending Group Ltd - Redstart

    7-6-18       68,000       3,000       8

%

    -       -       68,000          

Power Up Lending Group Ltd - Redstart

    8-24-18       73,000       3,000       8

%

    -       -       73,000          
                                                                 

Totals and balances for 12-31-18

          $ 219,000     $ 9,000                             $ 189,680       -  

 

Subsequent to December 31, 2018, the Company redeemed from Redstart 68,000 shares and 73,000 shares, respectively, of the Series C Preferred and retired these shares. Redstart converted all of the 78,000 Series C Preferred shares into common shares in 2018 and 2019. The balance of this note at December 31, 2018 was $48,680.

 

Blackbridge converted an additional $14,575 for 12,500,000 shares on January 17, 2018 bringing the total note balance to $78,150 when sold to L2 Capital.

 

The initial valuation of the derivative liability on the converted common shares totaled $74,848 at December 31, 2018 and $175,703 at December 31, 2017 as calculated by consultants for the Company when all notes were issued, but before any conversions.  This value includes the fair value of the shares issued according to the contracts of the holders and valued according to our common share price at the time of acquisition. 

 

Note 14 – Convertible Debt and Derivative Liabilities on Other Notes

 

The Company has entered into Securities Purchase Agreement with Blackbridge Capital, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company [“SPA”], operating out of New York, New York (“Blackbridge”) whereby Blackbridge has agreed to purchase up to $5,000,000 worth of shares of the Company’s common stock.  The Company has agreed to file a Registration Statement to register such shares for sale to Blackbridge.  In addition, the Company has issued [i] a convertible promissory note to Blackbridge pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement equal to $150,000 as a commitment fee, that is currently charged to prepaid expenses until services are provided (the “Blackbridge Note”), [ii] and a $100,000 Convertible Note to cover the expenses to be incurred for the preparation and filing of the Registration Statement and related matters (“Expenses Note”). Blackbridge converted an additional $14,575 for 12,500,000 shares on January 17, 2018 bringing the total note balance to $78,150 as of the date the note was acquired by L2 Capital.

 

 

On March 13, 2017, the Company and Blackbridge, entered into an Agreement, effective as of March 1, 2017, terminating the SPA.  The Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed by the Company pursuant to the SPA could not be processed because of technical issues raised by the SEC and was withdrawn on February 28, 2017.  In addition, the Blackbridge Note issued by the Company as a commitment fee was declared null and void and was cancelled on March 1, 2017.

 

Effective as of January 31, 2019, Company acquired through redemption from Redstart Holdings Corp, [“RHC”] 68,000 shares of the Series C Preferred Stock [“Redeemed Preferred Shares”] owned by RHC. The redemption price for the Redeemed Preferred Shares was $101,810.55 which was financed through a cash advance transaction of future receivables.

 

Effective as of February 22, 2019, Company acquired through redemption from RHC 73,000 shares of the Series C Preferred Stock [“Redeemed Preferred Shares”] owned by RHC. The redemption price for the Redeemed Preferred Shares was $106,145 which was financed through available cash and the promissory note referred to in the next paragraph.

 

Effective January 25, 2019 the Company entered into a Future Receivable Sale Agreement with Knight Capital Funding in the amount of $104,500 in order to fund a redemption of the Redstart Series C Preferred Stock. The agreement calls for 154 daily payments of $994 to retire this note in the amount of $153,092 representing principal and discount of collection of future receivables. The Company’s decision to redeem the Preferred shares was primarily to prevent the conversion of this note from diluting the common shares in 2019.

 

As of February 16, 2019, the Company issued to Power Up Lending Group, Inc. [“Power Up”], a $55,000.00 of shares of the Series C Preferred Stock agreement net of an original issue discount of $10,000.00 (OID) and expenses of $3,000.00 [“Note”]. The Note is convertible into Company common stock beginning six months after the Effective Date with an effective discount rate of approximately 20%. The OID on this issue that is paid out of proceeds allows a lower purchase price if the Company purchases this liability. The proceeds of this sale, combined with Company working capital in the amount of $51,145 was used to redeem the February 22, 2019 acquisition above in the amount of $106,145.

 

As of March 19, 2019, the Company issued to Power Up Lending, a $55,000.00 of shares of the Series C Preferred Stock agreement net of an original issue discount of $10,000.00 (OID) and expenses of $3,000.00 [“Note”]. The Note is convertible into Company common stock beginning six months after the Effective Date with an effective discount rate of approximately 20%. The OID on this issue that is paid out of proceeds allows a lower purchase price if the Company purchases this liability.

  

The Company determined that the conversion feature embedded within the Power Up Series C Preferred shares that reached maturity in 2018 in the amount of $78,000 is a financial derivative. The Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) required that the Company’s embedded conversion option be accounted for at fair value. The following schedule shows the change in fair value of the derivative liabilities by December 31, 2018:

 

Description

 

Amount

 

Purchase price of the convertible debenture

  $ 78,000  

Valuation premium on note during 2018

    3,152  

Balance of derivative liability net of discount on the notes (See Consolidated Balance sheet liabilities)

  $ 74,848  
         

Derivative calculations and presentations on the Statement of Operations

       

Loss on note issuance

  $ (36,230  

Change in Derivative (Gain) Loss

    61,251  

Derivative Finance fees

    (33,018  

Gain (loss) on extinguishment of debt

    (410,157

)

Derivative valuation and expense charged to operations in 2018 (See Consolidated Statement of Operations)

  $ (418,154

)

 

The Company measured and utilized quoted prices in active markets for identical liabilities (Level 1); significant other observable inputs (Level 2); and significant unobservable inputs (level 3) in applying valuation technology to derivative values for December 31, 2018 and 2017 and throughout the year.

 

 

Note 15 – Stockholder’s Equity

 

Common Stock

 

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 the Company sold 6,162,119 restricted common shares in Regulation S offerings to non-US investors. The total proceeds from the offering was $583,536.  Commission and expense reimbursements totaled $293,720 and the legal and administrative expense of offerings totaled $39,176.  The Company recorded net proceeds totaling $ 250,641.

 

In addition, debenture holders converted debt into 16,767,650 shares which were issued upon conversion of $256,742 of the notes referred to in Note 13 above. 

 

The Company issued 369,599 common restricted shares and recorded equity in the amount of $10,000 from vendors for services and issued 1,350,000 restricted common shares to management for services with a fair market value of $27,000.

 

Preferred Stock

 

On September 15, 2017 and on September 15, 2018, the Board of Directors authorized on each such date the issuance of 15,000,000 preferred shares for an aggregate of 30,000,000 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock [“Series B”] to both Directors of the Company and to two unaffiliated Consultants or a total of 30,000,000 shares of Series B. The Company assigned a value of $15,000 for the shares for 2017 and 2018.  Of the Series B, 12,000,000 shares were issued to Charles O’Dowd and 2,000,000 to Wayne Marx, the Directors. Each Consultant received 8,000,000 shares. See the Company’s Schedule 14C filed with the Commission on September 28, 2018.  These shares have no market pricing and management assigned an aggregate value of $30,000 to the stock issued based on the par value of $0.001. The 30,000,000 shares of preferred Stock, each with has 20 votes for each Preferred share held by them of record. The holders of the Preferred are also entitled to an additional 300,000,000 common shares upon conversion of the Preferred Stock.  As a result of owning of these shares of Common and Preferred Stock, the Control Shareholders will have voting control the Company.

 

Earnings (loss) per share calculation

 

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and potentially outstanding shares of common stock during each period

 

The computation of basic and diluted loss per share at December 31, 2018 excludes the common stock equivalents from convertible debt of the following potentially dilutive securities because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive, and the share issue number is not calculable until conversion takes place. 

 

Note 16 – Other Matters

 

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 the Company sold 6,162,119 restricted common shares in Regulation S offerings to non-US investors. The total proceeds from the offering was $583,536.  Commission and expense reimbursements totaled $293,720 and the legal and administrative expense of offerings totaled $39,176.  The Company recorded net proceeds totaling $ 250,641.

 

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 the Company sold 4,739,123 shares in Regulation S offerings to non-US investors. The total proceeds from the offering was $686,731.  Commission and expense reimbursements totaled $417,217. The Company recorded net proceeds totaling $269,514. 

  

Stock subscriptions executed under an earlier offering included a provision whereby ABCO agrees to pay a dividend (defined as interest) of from 6% to 12% of the total amount invested for a period of one year from receipt of the invested funds. This dividend (defined as interest) is allocated between the broker and the investor with amounts paid to the broker treated as a cost of the offering and netted against additional paid in capital and amounts paid to the investor treated as interest expense. Total amounts paid or accrued under this agreement and charged to additional paid-in capital for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, amounted to $0 and $0, respectively. Total amounts paid under this agreement and charged to interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, amounted to $0 and $0, respectively.  The accrued balance due on this obligation to shareholders totals $49,290 at December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

ABCO has evaluated these agreements under ASC 480-10: Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of Both Liabilities and Equity and determined that the capital contributions made under these subscription agreement more closely resemble equity than liabilities as they can only be settled through the issuance of shares and although they have a stated cost associated with them which accrues in the same manner as interest, the cost is only incurred in the first twelve months after placement as is more closely associated with a cost of raising funds than interest expense.

 

Effective December 31, 2016, the Company entered into a Consulting Agreement (“CA”) with Joshua Tyrell (“Tyrell”) which provides for Tyrell to assist in various business development activities on behalf of the Company, including but not limited to realizing new business opportunities.  In consideration for rendering such services, Tyrell was issued 75,000 free trading shares of Company common stock.  The CA has a six month term expiring on March 31, 2017.  On November 7, 2016 and on November 30, 2016 the CA was amended to provide for the payment of an additional 315,000 and an additional 250,000 free-trading shares, respectively to Tyrell for services rendered due to the huge trading volume of the derivative conversions and to extend the term of the CA to twelve (12) months ending November 7, 2017.  The CH expired on such date and was not renewed. The consultant received a total of 640,000 shares of free trading and restricted common stock valued at $91,600.

 

On November 1, 2016 the Company has entered into Securities Purchase Agreement with Blackbridge Capital, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company [“SPA”], operating out of New York, New York (“Blackbridge”) whereby Blackbridge has agreed to purchase up to $5,000,000 worth of shares of the Company’s common stock.  The Company has agreed to file a Registration Statement to register such shares for sale to Blackbridge.  In addition, the Company has issued [i] a convertible promissory note to Blackbridge pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement equal to $150,000 as a commitment fee, that is currently charged to prepaid expenses until services are provided (the “Blackbridge Note”), [ii] and a $100,000 Convertible Note to cover the expenses to be incurred for the preparation and filing of the Registration Statement and related matters as of December 31, 2016. (“Expenses Note”).

 

On March 13, 2017, the Company and Blackbridge, entered into an Agreement, effective as of March 1, 2017, terminating the SPA.  The Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed by the Company pursuant to the SPA could not be processed because of technical issues raised by the SEC and was withdrawn on February 28, 2017.  In addition, the Blackbridge Note issued by the Company as a commitment fee was declared null and void and was cancelled on March 1, 2017. 

 

On November 8, 2017, the Company entered into a Consulting Agreement (“CA”) with Eurasian Capital, LLC [“Consultant”] which was to provide institutional funding services and shareholder and third party sponsorship services for a nine month term ending May 7, 2018. Consultant was to be paid a monthly retainer of $10,000 payable in ABCO restricted common stock based upon the 5 day average of the closing bid price commencing on the first day of each month during the effectiveness of the Consulting Agreement.  The CA was terminated by the Company on March 29, 2018 for non-performance by Consultant.  Consultant was issued 198,413 restricted shares for services in November 2017 which were delivered to Consultant in December 2017.  The shares for services rendered in December of 2017 [208308] and for January 2018 [161,271] were issued in January 2018 but were not delivered until early April 2018 when a dispute with respect to the CA termination was resolved with   the execution of releases.  A dispute has arisen with respect to the number of shares due Consultant as a result of the CA termination. The parties resolved this matter by the delivery of an aggregate of 369,599 shares to Consultant in 2018 and the execution of releases.

 

The Company, effective as of September 1, 2018, entered into an Equity Purchase Agreement with Oasis Capital, LLC, a Puerto Rico limited liability company (“Investor”) pursuant to which Investor agreed to purchase up to $5,000,000 of the Company’s common stock at a price equal to 85% of the market price at the time of purchase (“Put Shares”). The Company agreed to file a new registration statement to register for resale the Put Shares. The Registration Statement must be effective with the SEC before Investor is obligated to purchase any Put Shares. In addition, the Company [i] issued to Investor a one year $150,000 note which is convertible at a fixed price of $.01 per share as a commitment fee for its purchase of Put Shares and [ii] delivered to Investor a Registration Rights Agreement pursuant to which the Company agreed to register all Put Shares acquired under the Equity Purchase Agreement. No transaction occurred during 2018 on this matter so no derivative was calculated on the note because it was not yet mature.

 

The Company issued 1,350,000 restricted common shares to management for services with a fair market value of $27,000. during the Year Ended December 31, 2018. Of these awards, Charles O’Dowd received 45,000 shares and Wayne Marx received 50,000 shares.  The balance of 850,000 shares were awarded to consultants to the Company.

 

 

Note 17 – Subsequent Events

 

During the period of January 1, 2019 and the date of this report, the Company sold and will issue 4,710,000 restricted shares of common stock from private placement offerings.  The gross proceeds were in the amount of $158,835, expenses of the offering totaled $81,572 and net proceeds to the Company amounted to $77,263.  The proceeds were used for working capital, corporate expenses, legal fees, prepaid expenses and public company expenses. 

 

Effective as of January 31, 2019, the Company acquired through redemption from Redstart Holdings Corp, [“RHC”] 68,000 shares of the Series C Preferred Stock [“Redeemed Preferred Shares”] owned by RHC. The redemption price for the Redeemed Preferred Shares was $101,810.55 which was financed through a cash advance transaction of future receivables.

 

Effective as of February 22, 2019, the Company acquired through redemption from RHC 73,000 shares of the Series C Preferred Stock [“Redeemed Preferred Shares”] owned by RHC. The redemption price for the Redeemed Preferred Shares was $106,144.92 which was financed through available cash and the promissory note referred to in the next paragraph.

 

As of the Effective Date of February 16, 2019, the Company issued to Power Up Lending Group, Inc. [“Power Up”], a $55,000.00 promissory note net of an original issue discount of $10,000.00 (OID) and expenses of $3,000.00 [“Note”]. The Note is convertible into Company common stock beginning six months after the Effective Date with an effective discount rate of approximately 35%. The OID on this issue that is paid out of proceeds allows a lower purchase price if the Company purchases this liability.

 

As of the Effective Date of March 19, 2019, the Company issued to Power Up, a $55,000.00 promissory note net of an original issue discount of $10,000.00 (OID) and expenses of $3,000.00 [“Note”]. The Note is convertible into Company common stock beginning six months after the Effective Date with an effective discount rate of approximately 19%. The OID on this issue that is paid out of proceeds allows a lower purchase price if the Company purchases this liability.

  

Equity Awards

 

The following table sets forth information on outstanding option and stock awards held by the named executive officers of the Company at December 31, 2018, including the number of shares underlying both exercisable and un-exercisable portions of each stock option as well as the exercise price and the expiration date of each outstanding option. See Note 16 to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards After Fiscal Year-End (1)

 

Name

 

Number of securities

underlying unexercised

options exercisable (1)

   

Number of securities

underlying unexercised

options un-exercisable (2)

   

Option

Exercise

Price ($)

   

Option

Grant

Date

   

Option

Expiration

Date

 

Charles O’Dowd

    500,000       0     $ .001    

01/01/2017

   

01/01/2021

 
                                     

 Wayne Marx

    500,000       0     $ .001    

01/012017

   

01/01/2021

 

 

(1)     No Equity Awards were issued during the year ended December 31, 2018.

(2)     All options vest 20% per year beginning on the first anniversary of their grant date.

 

An aggregate of 1,620,000 stock awards are outstanding under the Equity Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2018.

 

 

ITEM 9.  CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE.

 

None.

 

ITEM 9A.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

As of the end of the reporting period, December 31, 2018, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer/Principal Accounting Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), which disclosure controls and procedures are designed to insure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within required time periods specified by the SEC’s rules and forms. Based upon that evaluation, the Chairman/CEO and the Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are not currently effective in timely alerting them to material information relating to the Company required to be included in the Company’s period SEC filings. The Company is attempting to expand such controls and procedures, however, due to a limited number of resources the complete segregation of duties is not currently in place.

 

(b) Report of Management on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

We are responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act. Under the supervision and with the participation of our management including the chief executive officer and the principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the 2013 framework in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, or COSO.

 

Based on our evaluation under the Internal Control-Integrated Framework, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as of December 31, 2018. Management believes that this conclusion results in a large part from [i] not maintaining some segregation of duties within the Company due to its reliance on individuals to fill multiple roles and responsibilities and [ii] the Company having limited personnel to prepare its financial statements.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company continued its reliance on the Internal Control – Integrated Framework in the same manner as in prior periods due to the same limitations of personnel.

 

(c) Changes in Internal Control.

 

Subsequent to the date of such evaluations as described in subparagraphs (a) and (b) above, there were no changes in our internal controls or other factors that could significantly affect these controls, including any corrective action with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses.

 

(d) Limitations.

 

Our management, including our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls or internal controls over financial reporting will prevent all errors or all instances of fraud. However, we believe that our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving this objective. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system’s objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Controls can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and any design may not succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures. Because of the inherent limitation of a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None. 

 

 

PART III

 

ITEM 10.  DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

The following table sets forth the name and age of officers and director as of December 31, 2018. Our Executive officers are elected annually by our board of directors.  Our executive officers hold their offices until they resign, are removed by the Board, or his successor is elected and qualified.  Both Mr. O’Dowd and Mr. Marx were members of the Board and Officers prior to the SEA with Energy Conservation Technologies, Inc. and afterward they were reappointed to the Board on the effective day July 1, 2011.

 

The Company’s Chief Executive Officer, President, and Director Mr. O’Dowd, and Wayne Marx, a Vice President and Director, are “Promoters” within the meaning of Rule 405 of Regulation C in that these individuals were instrumental in founding and organizing ABCO Energy, Inc.

 

Officer’s Name

 

Directors Name

 

Age

 

Officer’s Position

 

Appointment date

Charles O’Dowd

 

Charles O’Dowd

 

70

 

CEO, President, Secretary

 

July 1, 2011

Wayne Marx

 

Wayne Marx

 

69

 

VP, Director

 

July 1, 2011

 

The Board of Directors consists of two individuals, Charles O’Dowd, CEO, President, and Director, and Mr. Wayne Marx, VP and Director. The date of appointment above coincides with the date of the SEA with ENYC on July 1, 2011.  Both persons also served as Directors and Officers of the predecessor companies.  Biographies of the Executive Officers and Members of the Board of Directors are set forth below:

 

Charles O’Dowd, President, Secretary, Director

 

Mr. O’Dowd has ten years of experience in the sales and installation of solar products and has spent the past 40 years in a marketing and sales career in real estate and business brokerage. He is well known in the business community throughout Arizona.  From 1975 to 2003, Mr. O’Dowd worked in the real estate industry as a Broker (residential & commercial), Loan Originator, Sales Manager of a 100 person real estate office, Project Manager (6700 N. Oracle) and Land Developer.  From 2003 through 2009 Mr. O’Dowd was VP of Operations and Director of the Southern Arizona Small Business Association.  He has worked full time for ABCO Energy since 2009.  He is a Graduate of the University of Arizona (BS, Political Science) and served as a City of Tucson Police Officer.  He has previously worked for The Colorado College, Tucson Airport Authority Police, and Arizona Air National Guard.  He has vast personal contacts in our market area and is director of sales and marketing for our company.  

 

Wayne Marx, VP, Director

 

Mr. Marx was the founder and owner of “Precision Outdoor Power”, power equipment retail and service provider in Tucson and Williams, Arizona.  Wayne has more than 40 years of business experience, mostly in retail and government services a self-employed individual and has been a provider of equipment to residential commercial and government users throughout his business career.  He has limited experience in the solar industry.  Mr. Marx presently brings a representation to our company for fire and emergency service organizations that he presently serves and has worked with for many years. Mr. Marx is Fire Chief for the Sherwood Forest Estates Fire District and Regional Fire Resource Coordinator for Coconino County Fire Department.  Mr. Marx joined the Fire District as Fire chief in 2003 and is still employed at this position full time.  Mr. Marx does not draw a salary or work as an employee for ABCO Energy at this time and serves as a Vice President without any compensation.

 

The Directors will hold office until the next annual meeting of the security holders following their election and until their successors have been elected and qualified. The Board of Directors appoints Officers. Officers hold office until the next annual meeting of our Board of Directors following their appointment and until successors have been appointed and qualified.

 

Family Relationships

 

There are no family relationships between any of our directors, executive officers or directors. 

 

Code of Ethics

 

We have a Code of Ethics in place for the Company.  The Company seeks advice and counsel from outside experts such as our lawyers and accountants on matters relating to corporate governance and financial reporting.

 

 

AUDIT COMMITTEE

 

The Audit Committee for the Company currently consists of the two members of the Board which acts in such capacity and will do so for the immediate future due to the limited size of the Board. The Company intends to increase the size of its Board in the future, at which time it may appoint a separate Audit Committee.

 

The Audit Committee will be empowered to make such examinations as are necessary to monitor the corporate financial reporting and the external audits of the Company, to provide to the Board of Directors (the “Board”) the results of its examinations and recommendations derived there from, to outline to the Board improvements made, or to be made, in internal control, to nominate independent auditors, and to provide to the Board such additional information and materials as it may deem necessary to make the Board aware of significant financial matters that require Board attention.

 

COMPENSATION COMMITTEE

 

The Company does not presently have a Compensation Committee and the Board acts in such capacity and will do so for the immediate future due to the limited size of the Board. The Company intends to increase the size of its Board in the future, at which time it may appoint a Compensation Committee.

 

The Compensation Committee will be authorized to review and make recommendations to the Board regarding all forms of compensation to be provided to the executive officers and directors of the Company, including salary, stock compensation and bonus compensation to all employees.

 

NOMINATING COMMITTEE

 

The Company Board acts as the Nominating Committee.

 

Independence

 

We are not required to have any independent members of the Board of Directors. The board of directors has determined that Messrs. O’Dowd and Marx each has a relationship which, in the opinion of the board of directors, would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director and each is not an “independent director” as defined in the Marketplace Rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market.

 

Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings

 

Our Directors and Executive Officers have not been involved in any of the following events during the past ten years:

 

1.  

any bankruptcy petition filed by or against such person or any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time;

 

2.  

any conviction in a criminal proceeding or being subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);

 

3.  

being subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining him from or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities or to be associated with any person practicing in banking or securities activities;

 

4.  

being found by a court of competent jurisdiction in a civil action, the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, and the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated; 

 

5.  

being subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to an alleged violation of any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies, or any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or

 

6.  

being subject of or party to any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended, or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization, any registered entity or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

 

 

Section 16(a) Beneficial Owner Reporting Compliance

 

Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires our directors, executive officers and holders of more than 10% of our common stock to file with the SEC reports regarding their ownership and changes in ownership of our securities We believe that, during fiscal 2018, our directors, executive officers and 10% stockholders have complied with all Section 16(a) filing requirements.

 

ITEM 11.  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

REMUNERATION OF DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS

 

Summary Compensation Table

 

The following table sets forth certain summary information concerning the cash and non-cash compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to Charles O’Dowd, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and Wayne Marx our Vice President and Secretary for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.  These two officers are referred to as the “named executive officers” in this proxy statement.  

 

Name and Principal Position

 

Year

 

Salary ($)

 

 

Bonus ($)

 

 

Option

Awards ($)

 

 

All Other

Compensation ($)

 

 

Total

Compensation ($)

 

Charles O’Dowd

 

2018

 

$

54,290

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

54,290

 

President & CEO

 

2017

 

$

52,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

52,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wayne Marx

 

2018

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

VP, Director

 

2017

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

During the year ended 2018, Mr. O’Dowd received a salary of $54,290.  Mr. O’Dowd was employed in January 2011 and works full time for the Company. 

 

Mr. Marx has not received any compensation for his services to the Board of Directors and no arrangements have been made to do so at this time.  It is anticipated that his remuneration for calendar 2019 will remain the same as fiscal 2018.

 

There is no family relationship between any of the current officers or directors of the Company.

 

The Company is a Nevada corporation with principal executive offices located at 2100 North Wilmot, Suite 211, Tucson, AZ 85712.  On January 15, 2017, the Company’s Board of Directors, after careful consideration, approved our 2017 Stock Option and Incentive Stock Plan (the “Plan”), pursuant to which the Company has reserved 200,000,000 shares for issuance thereunder.

 

The Plan enables the Board to provide equity-based incentives through grants of Awards to the Company’s present and future employees, directors, consultants and other third party service providers.  Shares issued under the Plan through the settlement, assumption or substitution of outstanding Awards or obligations to grant future Awards as a condition of acquiring another entity will not reduce the maximum number of shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance under the Plan. In addition, the number of shares of Common Stock subject to the Plan, any number of shares subject to any numerical limit in the Equity Incentive Plan, and the number of shares and terms of any incentive award may be adjusted in the event of any change in our outstanding Common Stock by reason of any stock dividend, spin-off, split-up, stock split, reverse stock split, recapitalization, reclassification, merger, consolidation, liquidation, business combination or exchange of shares or similar transaction.

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End

 

An aggregate of 1,620,000 stock awards are outstanding under the Equity Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2018.

 

 

ITEM 12.  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS.

 

The following tables set forth certain information regarding beneficial ownership of our securities by (i) each person who is known by us to own beneficially more than five percent (5%) of the outstanding shares of each class of our voting securities, (ii) each of our directors and executive officers, and (iii) all of our directors and executive officers as a group. We believe that each individual or entity named has sole investment and voting power with respect to the securities indicated as beneficially owned by them, subject to community property laws, where applicable, except where otherwise noted.

 

Name and Address of Owner (1)

 

Title of

Securities

 

Amount and nature of common stock

   

Percent of class (3)

   

Amount and nature of preferred stock (2) (4)

   

Percentage of class (5)

 

Charles O’Dowd

 

Common

    920,000       1.60

%

    12,000,000       40

%

Wayne Marx

 

Common

    105,000       .021

%

    2,000,000       7

%

All Officers, Directors

and 5% Shareholders - As a Group

 

 

Common

    1,025,000       1.81

%

    14,000,000       47

%

 

(1) The address is c/o ABCO Energy, Inc., 2100 N. Wilmot #211, Tucson, AZ 85712

 

(2) Beneficial Ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and generally includes voting or investment power with respect to securities. Shares of common stock subject to options or warrants currently exercisable or convertible, or exercisable or convertible within 60 days of March 31, 2019 (none are eligible) are deemed outstanding for computing the percentage of the person holding such option or warrant but are not deemed outstanding for computing the percentage of any other person.

 

(3) Based upon 56,782,630 shares issued and outstanding on March 31, 2019.

 

(4) These shares are convertible into ten (10) shares of common stock at an exercise price of $.001 per share.

 

(5) Based upon 30,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, outstanding as of December 31, 2019. 

 

The Company issued 1,350,000 restricted common shares to management for services with a fair market value of $27,000 during the Year ended December 31, 2018 and 700,000 restricted shares to management for services with a fair market value of $81,400. during 2017. Of these awards, Charles O’Dowd received 900,000 shares and Wayne Marx received 100,000 shares.  The balance was awarded to consultants to the Company.

 

The aggregate of 1,620,000 stock awards were outstanding under the Equity Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2018.

 

On September 15, 2017, and on August 30, 2018, the Board of Directors authorized the issuance of an aggregate of 30,000,000 shares of Class B Convertible Preferred Stock [“Series B”] to both Directors of the Company and to two unaffiliated Consultants. Of the Series B, 12,000,000 shares were issued to Charles O’Dowd and 2,000,000 to Wayne Marx, the Directors. Each Consultant received 8,000,000 shares. See the Company’s Schedule 14C filed with the Commission on September 28, 2018.  These preferred shares have no market pricing and management assigned the value of $15,000 to the stock issue based on the par value of the preferred stock of $0.001. The 30,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock have 20 votes for each share of record. The holders of the Preferred are also entitled to own additional 150,000,000 common shares upon conversion of the Preferred Stock.  As a result of owning these shares of Common and Preferred Stock, the Control Shareholders will have voting control the Company.

 

By Written Consent in lieu of a Meeting of Shareholders executed September 26, 2018, the holders of a majority of the voting power common stock and preferred stock of the Company adopted a further Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation increasing the authorized common stock from 2 billion shares to 5 billion shares. The Certificate of amendment was filed with the Nevada Secretary of State on November 8, 2018.

 

 

ITEM 13.  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

 

Other than as disclosed below, during the last two fiscal years, there have been no transactions, or proposed transactions, which have materially affected or will materially affect us in which any director, executive officer or beneficial holder of more than 5% of the outstanding common, or any of their respective relatives, spouses, associates or affiliates, has had or will have any direct or material indirect interest. We have no policy regarding entering into transactions with affiliated parties.

 

Other than as disclosed below, during the last two fiscal years, there have been no transactions, or proposed transactions, which have materially affected or will materially affect us in which any director, executive officer or beneficial holder of more than 5% of the outstanding common, or any of their respective relatives, spouses, associates or affiliates, has had or will have any direct or material indirect interest. We have no policy regarding entering into transactions with affiliated parties.

 

Any future material transactions and loans will be made or entered into on terms that are no less favorable to the Company that those that can be obtained from unaffiliated third parties.  Any forgiveness of loans must be approved by a majority of the Company’s independent directors who do not have an interest in the transactions and who have access, at the Company’s expense, to Company’s or independent counsel.  Until the Company has more than two directors, this policy will not be in effect.

 

Officers, directors and other related individual’s loans are demand notes totaling $169,549 as of December 31, 2018 and $187,826 as of December 31, 2017. The total consists of two notes from Officer/Directors and one from a related party.  

 

The following table indicates the balances due on demand notes and the accrued interest on these notes.

 

Related party notes payable as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consists of the following:

 

Description

 

December 31, 2018

   

December 31, 2017

 

Notes payable – Director bearing interest at 12% per annum, unsecured, demand notes.

  $ 60,000     $ 60,000  

Note payable - Officer bearing interest at 12% per annum, unsecured, demand note

    61,052       61,052  

Note payable – other bearing interest at 12% per annum, unsecured, demand note.

    48,497       66,774  

Total

  $ 169,549     $ 187,826  

 

The first note in the amount of $60,000 provides for interest at 12% per annum and is unsecured.  This note resulted in an interest charge of $34,304 accrued and unpaid at December 31, 2018. 

 

The second note has a current balance of $61,052 as of December 31, 2018.  The note is an unsecured demand note and bears interest at 12% per annum. This note resulted in an interest charge of $20,061 accrued and unpaid at December 31, 2018. 

 

The third note is from a related party and has a current balance of $48,497 as of December 31, 2018.  The note is an unsecured demand note and bears interest at 12% per annum. This note resulted in an accumulated interest charge of $19,163 accrued and unpaid at December 31, 2018. 

 

Any future material transactions and loans will be made or entered into on terms that are no less favorable to the Company that those that can be obtained from unaffiliated third parties.  Any forgiveness of loans must be approved by a majority of the Company’s independent directors who do not have an interest in the transactions and who have access, at the Company’s expense, to Company’s or independent counsel. Until the Company has more than two directors, this policy will not be in effect.

 

Charles O’Dowd, CEO, President and Director of the Company and Wayne Marx, Vice President and Director of the Company are each “Promoters” as defined in Rule 405 of Regulation C.  In 2009 Mr. O’Dowd received his 400,000 shares of Company stock in exchange for services rendered which were valued at $4,000 and Mr. Marx purchased his 100,000 shares for $50,000 cash in 2010.

 

 

ITEM 14.  PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES.

 

Audit Fees

 

The aggregate fees contracted by our auditors, for professional services rendered for the audit of our annual consolidated financial statements during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and for the reviews of the consolidated financial statements included in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q during the fiscal years

 

During 2018 the Company paid Fruci and Associates a total amount of $34,831 and has accrued fees of $7,900 as of December 31, 2018.

 

During 2018 the Company paid Semple, Marchal and Cooper, LLP a total amount of $5,500 as of December 31, 2018.

 

Audit-Related Fees

 

Our independent registered public accounting firms did not bill us during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 for non-audit related services.

 

Tax Fees

 

Our independent registered public accounting firms did not bill us during fiscal years ended December 31, 2018, and 2017 for tax related services.

 

All Other Fees

 

Our independent registered public accounting firms did not bill us during the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 for other services.  

 

The Board of Directors has considered whether the provision of non-audit services is compatible with maintaining the principal accountant’s independence.

 

 

PART IV

 

ITEM 15.  EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES.

 

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description of Exhibit

 

 

 

 

 

3(i)

 

Articles of Incorporation, as amended (1)

 

3(ii)

 

By-Laws (1)

 

10(b)

 

12% $40,000 Convertible Note dated March 16, 2016 (4)

 

10(c)

 

8% $25,000 Convertible Note dated March 23, 2016 (4)

 

10(d)

 

10% $55,000 Convertible Note dated April 1, 2016 (5)

 

10(e)

 

5% $42,000 Convertible Note dated April 5, 2016 (5)

 

10(f)

 

10% $40,000 Convertible Note dated May 3, 2016 (5)

 

10(g)

 

8% $30,000 Convertible Note dated May 6, 2016 (5)

 

21

 

Subsidiaries of Registrant (1)

 

31.01

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (2)

 

31.02

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (2)

 

32.01

 

Certifications of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (2)

 

99.1

 

Engagement Agreement between Adams Fund LLC and ABCO Energy, Inc., dated September 15, 2015 (3)

 

101 INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

101 SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

101 CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document

 

101 DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

101 LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Labels Linkbase Document

 

101 PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Labels Linkbase Document

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

 

Previously filed with the Company’s Form 10-12G, SEC File No. 000-55235 filed on July 1, 2014, and incorporated herein by this reference as an exhibit to this Form 10-K.

 

(2)

 

Attached.

 

(3)

 

Previously filed with the Company’s Form 8K filed on September 17, 2015, and incorporated herein by this reference as an exhibit to this Form 10-K.

 

(4)

 

Previously filed with the Company’s Form 10-K, File No. 000-55235, filed with the Commission on April 11, 2016 and incorporated herein by this reference.

 

(5)

 

Previously filed with the Company’s Form 10-Q, File No. 000-55235, filed with the Commission on May 20, 2016 and incorporate herein by this reference.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

ABCO ENERGY, INC.

 

 

 

 

Date:  April 16, 2019

By: /s/ CHARLES O’DOWD

 

 

Charles O’Dowd

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

Date: April 16, 2019

By: /s/ CHARLES O’DOWD

 

 

Charles O’Dowd

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Date

 

Position

 

Name

 

 

 

 

 

April 16, 2019

 

Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Director

 

/s/ CHARLES O’DOWD

 

 

 

 

Charles O’Dowd

 

 

 

 

 

April 16, 2019

 

Director 

 

/s/ Wayne Marx

 

 

 

 

Wayne Marx

 

 

 

 

39