Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Acme United
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$20.90 3 $70
10-Q 2019-09-30 Quarter: 2019-09-30
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-11-14 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-23 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-04-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-28 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-20 Earnings, Exhibits
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SENS Senseonics Holdings 182
XONE Exone 131
ESP Espey Mfg & Electronics 63
BTN Ballantyne Strong 47
TAYD Taylor Devices 38
ISNS Image Sensing Systems 26
ACU 2019-09-30
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1: Financial Statements
Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
Item 4: Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1 &Mdash; Legal Proceedings
Item 1A &Mdash; Risk Factors
Item 2 &Mdash; Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3 &Mdash; Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4 &Mdash; Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5 &Mdash; Other Information
Item 6 &Mdash; Exhibits
EX-31.1 acu_10q93019ex311.htm
EX-31.2 acu_10q93019ex312.htm
EX-32.1 acu_10q93019ex321.htm
EX-32.2 acu_10q93019ex322.htm

Acme United Earnings 2019-09-30

ACU 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 acu_10q93019.htm 10-Q

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D. C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  For the quarterly period ended: September 30, 2019
   
  or
   
[_] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
  For the transition period from: ___________ to ___________
  Commission file number: 01-07698

  

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Connecticut   06-0236700
State or Other Jurisdiction of   I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
Incorporation or Organization    
     
55 Walls Drive, Fairfield, Connecticut   06824
Address of Principal Executive Offices   Zip Code

  

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (203) 254-6060

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (l) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  [X]     No  [_]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (sec. 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  [X]     No  [_]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one).

 

Large accelerated filer [_] Accelerated filer [X]
   
Non-accelerated filer [_] Smaller Reporting Company [X]
   
Emerging growth company [_]  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(s) of the Exchange Act [_]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  [_]     No  [X]

 

Registrant had 3,352,130 shares of its $2.50 par value Common Stock outstanding as of November 1, 2019.

 

 1 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

INDEX

    Page Number
   
Part I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION:  
Item 1: Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 3
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

5
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

6
 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

7
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018

8
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 9
Item 2: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 16
Item 3:  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 19
Item 4:  Controls and Procedures 19
     
Part II — OTHER INFORMATION:  
Item 1:    Legal Proceedings 20
Item 1A: Risk Factors 20
Item 2:    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 20
Item 3:    Defaults Upon Senior Securities 20
Item 4:    Mine Safety Disclosures 20
Item 5:    Other Information 20
Item 6:   Exhibits 20
Signatures 21

 

 

 2 

 

 

Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1: Financial Statements

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(all amounts in thousands)

       

 

   September 30,  December 31,
   2019  2018
   (unaudited)  (Note 1)
       
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
  Cash and cash equivalents  $5,698   $4,409 
  Accounts receivable, less allowance   30,635    25,102 
  Inventories, net   38,970    41,332 
  Prepaid expenses and other current assets   1,787    2,149 
          Total current assets   77,090    72,992 
Property, plant and equipment:          
  Land   1,417    1,423 
  Buildings   9,840    10,144 
  Machinery and equipment   19,592    18,244 
    30,849    29,811 
  Less: accumulated depreciation   16,843    15,268 
    14,006    14,543 
           
Operating lease right-of-use asset   2,123    —   
Goodwill   4,696    4,696 
Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization   16,107    17,044 
Other assets   202    203 
            Total assets  $114,224   $109,478 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 3 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (continued)

(all amounts in thousands, except share amounts)

       

 

   September 30,  December 31,
   2019  2018
   (unaudited)  (Note 1)
LIABILITIES          
Current liabilities:          
  Accounts payable  $7,217   $7,983 
  Lease liability - current portion   920    —   
  Current portion of mortgage payable   267    267 
  Other accrued liabilities   8,202    5,115 
      Total current liabilities   16,606    13,365 
Non-current liabilities:        —   
  Long-term debt   38,125    40,283 
  Mortgage payable, net of current portion   3,244    3,444 
  Lease liability - non-current portion   1,210    —   
  Other non-current liabilities   15    53 
       Total liabilities   59,200    57,145 
           
Commitments and Contingencies          
           
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
  Common stock, par value $2.50:          
    authorized 8,000,000 shares;          
    issued - 4,838,071 shares in 2019 and 2018,          
    including treasury stock   12,094    12,094 
  Additional paid-in capital   8,473    8,982 
  Retained earnings   50,996    47,550 
  Treasury stock, at cost - 1,487,238 shares in 2019 and 2018   (14,235)   (14,235)
  Accumulated other comprehensive loss:          
Minimum pension liability   (661)   (539)
Translation adjustment   (1,643)   (1,519)
    (2,304)   (2,058)
      Total stockholders’ equity   55,024    52,333 
      Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $114,224   $109,478 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 4 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

               

 

   Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended
   September 30,  September 30,
   2019  2018  2019  2018
Net sales  $36,995   $34,731   $108,585   $106,191 
Cost of goods sold   23,861    22,281    68,877    66,905 
                     
Gross profit   13,134    12,450    39,708    39,286 
                     
Selling, general and administrative expenses   11,408    11,077    32,679    32,923 
Operating income   1,726    1,373    7,029    6,363 
                     
Non-operating items:                    
  Interest:                    
    Interest expense   478    504    1,491    1,367 
    Interest income   (9)   (8)   (28)   (21)
  Interest expense, net   469    496    1,463    1,346 
  Other expense, net   40    23    52    84 
Total other expense, net   509    519    1,515    1,430 
Income before income tax expense   1,217    854    5,514    4,933 
Income tax expense   158    47    977    926 
Net income  $1,059   $807   $4,537   $4,007 
                     
Basic earnings per share  $0.32   $0.24   $1.35   $1.19 
                     
Diluted earnings per share  $0.30   $0.23   $1.32   $1.12 
                     
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding-                    
  denominator used for basic per share computations   3,352    3,374    3,352    3,374 
Weighted average number of dilutive stock options                    
  outstanding   134    177    94    200 
Denominator used for diluted per share computations   3,486    3,551    3,446    3,574 
                     
Dividends declared per share  $0.12   $0.11   $0.36   $0.33 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 5 

 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands)

               

 

   Three Months Ended  Nine Months Ended
   September 30,  September 30,
   2019  2018  2019  2018
             
Net income  $1,059   $807   $4,537   $4,007 
Other comprehensive (loss) income :                    
  Foreign currency translation adjustment   (205)   8    (124)   (227)
Comprehensive income  $854   $815   $4,413   $3,780 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 6 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands, except share amounts)

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018            

 

   Outstanding Shares of Common Stock  Common Stock  Treasury
 Stock
  Additional Paid-In Capital  Accumulated
 Other Comprehensive (Loss) Gain
  Retained Earnings  Total
Balances, June 30, 2018   3,374,061   $12,094   $(13,870)  $8,946   $(1,869)  $46,925   $52,226 
Net income                            807    807 
Other comprehensive gain                       8         8 
Stock compensation expense                  334              334 
Distributions to shareholders                            (372)   (372)
Cash settlement of stock options                  (512)             (512)
Balances, September 30, 2018   3,374,061   $12,094   $(13,870)  $8,768   $(1,861)  $47,360   $52,491 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019            

 

   Outstanding Shares of Common Stock  Common Stock  Treasury
 Stock
  Additional Paid-In Capital  Accumulated
 Other Comprehensive (Loss) Gain
  Retained Earnings  Total
Balances, June 30, 2019   3,350,833   $12,094   $(14,235)  $8,701   $(2,099)  $50,341   $54,802 
Net income                            1,059    1,059 
Other comprehensive loss                       (205)        (205)
Stock compensation expense                  247              247 
Distributions to shareholders                            (404)   (404)
Cash settlement of stock options                  (475)             (475)
Balances, September 30, 2019   3,350,833   $12,094   $(14,235)  $8,473   $(2,304)  $50,996   $55,024 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018            

 

   Outstanding Shares of Common Stock  Common Stock  Treasury
 Stock
  Additional Paid-In Capital  Accumulated
 Other Comprehensive (Loss) Gain
  Retained Earnings  Total
Balances, December 31, 2017   3,374,061   $12,094   $(13,870)  $8,881   $(1,634)  $44,467   $49,938 
Net income                            4,007    4,007 
Other comprehensive loss                       (227)        (227)
Stock compensation expense                  641              641 
Distributions to shareholders                            (1,114)   (1,114)
Cash settlement of stock options                  (754)             (754)
Balances, September 30, 2018   3,374,061   $12,094   $(13,870)  $8,768   $(1,861)  $47,360   $52,491 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019            

 

   Outstanding Shares of Common Stock  Common Stock  Treasury
 Stock
  Additional Paid-In Capital  Accumulated
 Other Comprehensive (Loss) Gain
  Retained Earnings  Total
Balances, December 31, 2018   3,350,833   $12,094   $(14,235)  $8,982   $(2,058)  $47,550   $52,333 
Net income                            4,537    4,537 
Other comprehensive loss                       (124)        (124)
Adoption of ASU 2018-02                       (122)   122    —   
Stock compensation expense                  745              745 
Distributions to shareholders                            (1,213)   (1,213)
Cash settlement of stock options                  (1,254)             (1,254)
Balances, September 30, 2019   3,350,833   $12,094   $(14,235)  $8,473   $(2,304)  $50,996   $55,024 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 7 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

(all amounts in thousands)

 

   Nine Months Ended
   September 30,
   2019  2018
Cash flows from operating activities:          
  Net income  $4,537   $4,007 
  Adjustments to reconcile net income          
      to net cash used in operating activities:          
        Depreciation   1,640    1,480 
        Amortization of intangible assets   937    923 
        Non-cash lease expense   16    —   
        Stock compensation expense   745    641 
        Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
          Accounts receivable   (5,540)   (4,903)
          Inventories   2,253    (1,357)
          Prepaid expenses and other current assets   450    (1)
          Accounts payable   (1,174)   (4,404)
          Other accrued liabilities   3,404    (882)
          Total adjustments   2,731    (8,503)
        Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   7,268    (4,496)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
  Purchase of property, plant and equipment   (1,123)   (2,252)
        Net cash used in investing activities   (1,123)   (2,252)
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
  Net (repayments) borrowings of long-term debt   (2,158)   3,578 
  Cash settlement of stock options   (1,254)   (754)
  Repayments on mortgage   (200)   (200)
  Distributions to shareholders   (1,213)   (1,114)
        Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (4,825)   1,510 
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (31)   (79)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   1,289    (5,317)
           
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   4,409    9,338 
           
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $5,698   $4,021 
           
Supplemental cash flow information:          
          Cash paid for income taxes  $279   $502 
          Cash paid for interest  $1,476   $1,316 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 8 

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION

Notes to CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED Financial Statements

(UNAUDITED)

 

1. Basis of Presentation

In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Acme United Corporation (the “Company”). These adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature. However, the financial statements do not include all the disclosures normally required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America or those normally made in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K. Please refer to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 for such disclosures. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018 was derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet as of that date. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The Company has evaluated events and transactions subsequent to September 30, 2019 and through the date these condensed consolidated financial statements were issued.

 

Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Standards

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), associated with lease accounting. There have been further amendments, including practical expedients, with the issuance of ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements, in July 2018, and ASU 2018-20, Leases (Topic 842) Narrow Scope Improvements for Lessors, in December 2018. The amended guidance requires the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet for those leases with terms in excess of 12 months and currently classified as operating leases. Disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements is also required. We elected the optional transition method as of January 1, 2019, which allows entities to continue to apply historical accounting guidance in the comparative periods presented in the year of adoption.

 

At transition, lessees and lessors may elect to apply a package of practical expedients permitting entities not to reassess: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases; (ii) lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and (iii) whether initial direct costs for any expired or existing leases qualify for capitalization under the amended guidance. These practical expedients must be elected as a package and consistently applied. We have elected to apply the package of practical expedients upon adoption. The most significant effects of adoption relate to the recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on our balance sheet for operating leases and providing new disclosures about leasing activities. Upon adoption, on January 1, 2019, the Company booked a right-of-use asset of $2.9 million and a corresponding lease liability. See note 9 for additional information.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income. ASU No. 2018-02 provides companies with an option to reclassify stranded tax effects within accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) to retained earnings in each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (or portion thereof) is recorded. ASU No. 2018-02 also requires disclosure of a description of the accounting policy for releasing income tax effects from AOCI and whether an election was made to reclassify the stranded income tax effects from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. ASU No. 2018-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Companies can adopt the provisions of ASU No. 2018-02 in either the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period (or periods) in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is recognized. The Company adopted this ASU effective January 1, 2019 and this resulted in a reclassification between retained earnings and AOCI. The impact from this ASU increased retained earnings by approximately $0.1 million, with an offsetting increase to accumulated other comprehensive loss for the same amount.

 

 9 

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2018-07 aligns the accounting for share-based payment awards issued to employees and non-employees. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. The adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2019 did not have a material effect on the consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow of the Company.

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14, Compensation - Retirement Benefits - Defined Benefit Plans - General (Subtopic 715-20), Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). This ASU removes disclosures that no longer are considered cost beneficial, clarifies the specific requirements of disclosures, and adds disclosure requirements identified as relevant. ASU 2018-14 is effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. The Company does not expect that the adoption of ASU 2018-14 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

2. Contingencies

There are no pending material legal proceedings to which the Company is a party, or, to the actual knowledge of the Company, contemplated by any governmental authority.

 

3. Pension

 

In December 1995, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amendment to the Company’s United States pension plan that terminated all future benefit accruals as of February 1, 1996, without terminating the pension plan.

 

Components of net periodic benefit cost are as follows (in thousands):

 

   Three Months Ended
September 30,
  Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2019  2018  2019  2018
             
Service cost  $9   $7   $27   $25 
                     
Interest cost  $9   $10   $27   $30 
Expected return on plan assets   (14)   (17)  (43)   (51)
Amortization of actuarial loss   22    21   64    65 
     Total non-service cost  $17   $14   $48   $44 
                     
Net periodic pension cost  $26   $21   $75   $69 

  

The Company’s funding policy with respect to its qualified plan is to contribute at least the minimum amount required by applicable laws and regulations. The Company made its required contribution of $14,413 to the plan in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

 

4. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the modified retrospective method. The new revenue standard requires recognition of revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.

 

 10 

 

Nature of Goods and Services

 

The Company recognizes revenue from the sales of a broad line of products that are grouped into two main categories: (i) cutting, sharpening and other; and (ii) first aid and safety. The cutting, sharpening and other category includes scissors, knives, paper trimmers, pencil sharpeners and other sharpening tools. The first aid and safety category includes first aid kits and refills and a variety of safety products. Revenue recognition is evaluated through the following five steps: (i) identification of the contract or contracts with a customer; (ii) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determination of the transaction price; (iv) allocation of the transaction price in the contract; and (v) recognition of revenue when or as a performance obligation is satisfied.

 

When Performance Obligations Are Satisfied

 

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer.  A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. Revenue is generated by the sale of the Company’s products to its customers.  Sales contracts (purchase orders) generally have a single performance obligation that is satisfied at a point in time, with shipment or delivery, depending on the terms of the underlying contract. Revenue is measured based on the consideration specified in the contract. The amount of consideration we receive and revenue we recognize is impacted by incentives ("customer rebates"), including sales rebates, which are generally tied to sales volume levels, in-store promotional allowances, shared media and customer catalog allowances and other cooperative advertising arrangements; freight allowance programs offered to our customers; and allowance for returns and discounts. We generally recognize customer rebate costs as a deduction to gross sales at the time that the associated revenue is recognized.

 

Significant Payment Terms

 

Payment terms for each customer are dependent on the agreed upon contractual repayment terms. Payment terms typically are between 30 and 90 days and vary depending on the size of the customer and its risk profile to the Company. Some customers receive discounts for early payment.

 

Product Returns

 

The Company accepts product returns in the normal course of business. The Company estimates reserves for returns and the related refunds to customers based on historical experience. Reserves for returned merchandise are included as a component of “Accounts receivable” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Practical Expedient Usage and Accounting Policy Elections

 

The Company has determined to utilize the modified retrospective approach which requires cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the current year. This opening adjustment is determined based on the impact of the new revenue standard’s application on contracts that were not completed as of January 1, 2018, the date of initial application of the standard. This election did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

For the Company’s contracts that have an original duration of one year or less, the Company uses the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-32-18 applicable to such contracts and does not consider the time value of money in relation to significant financing components.  The effect of applying this practical expedient election did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

Per ASC 606-10-25-18B, the Company has elected to account for shipping and handling activities that occur after the customer has obtained control as a fulfillment activity instead of a performance obligation. Furthermore, shipping and handling activities performed before transfer of control of the product also do not constitute a separate and distinct performance obligation. The effect of applying this practical expedient election did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.  

 

 11 

 

The Company has elected to exclude from the transaction price those amounts which relate to sales and other taxes that are assessed by governmental authorities and that are imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the Company from a customer.

 

Applying the practical expedient in ASC 340-40-25-4, Other Assets and Deferred Costs, the Company recognizes the incremental costs of obtaining contracts as an expense when incurred. These costs are included in “Selling, general and administrative expenses.” The effect of applying this practical expedient did not have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Disaggregation of Revenues

 

The following table represents external net sales disaggregated by product category (amounts in thousands):

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2019:        

 

   U.S.  Canada  Europe  Total
Cutting, Sharpening and Other  $16,040   $1,712   $2,450   $20,202 
First Aid and Safety   16,793    —      —      16,793 
                     
Total Net Sales  $32,833   $1,712   $2,450   $36,995 

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018:        

 

   U.S.  Canada  Europe  Total
Cutting, Sharpening and Other  $16,376   $1,691   $2,127   $20,194 
First Aid and Safety   14,537    —      —      14,537 
                     
Total Net Sales  $30,913   $1,691   $2,127   $34,731 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019:        

 

   U.S.  Canada  Europe  Total
Cutting, Sharpening and Other  $48,045   $5,281   $7,974   $61,300 
First Aid and Safety   47,285    —      —      47,285 
                     
Total Net Sales  $95,330   $5,281   $7,974   $108,585 

 

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018:        

 

   U.S.  Canada  Europe  Total
Cutting, Sharpening and Other  $48,680   $5,715   $7,008   $61,403 
First Aid and Safety   44,788    —      —      44,788 
                     
Total Net Sales  $93,468   $5,715   $7,008   $106,191 

 

5. Debt and Shareholders’ Equity

 

On May 24, 2018, the Company amended its revolving loan agreement with HSBC Bank, N.A. The amendment lowered the interest rate to LIBOR plus 1.75%; interest is payable monthly. In addition, the expiration date of the credit facility was extended to May 24, 2023. The prior interest rate was LIBOR plus 2%. The amount available for borrowing remains unchanged at $50 million. The Company must pay a facility fee, payable quarterly, in an amount equal to two tenths of one percent (.20%) per annum of the average daily unused portion of the revolving credit line. The facility is intended to provide liquidity for growth, acquisitions, share repurchases, dividends, and other business activities. Under the revolving loan agreement, the Company is required to maintain specific amounts of tangible net worth, a specified debt to net worth ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio and must have annual net income greater than zero, measured as of the end of each fiscal year. At September 30, 2019, the Company was in compliance with the covenants of the loan agreement.

 

 12 

 

As of September 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the Company had outstanding borrowings of approximately $38,125,000 and $40,283,000, respectively, under the Company’s revolving loan agreement with HSBC.

 

On October 26, 2017, the Company exercised its option to purchase its First Aid Only manufacturing and distribution center in Vancouver, WA for $4.0 million. The property consists of 53,000 square feet of office, manufacturing, and warehouse space on 2.86 acres. The purchase was financed by a variable rate mortgage with HSBC Bank, N.A. at an interest rate of LIBOR plus 2.5%. Commencing on December 1, 2017, principal payments of $22,222 are due monthly, with all amounts outstanding due on maturity on October 31, 2024.

 

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company paid approximately $475,000 and $1,254,000, respectively, to optionees who had elected a net cash settlement of their respective employee stock options.

 

6. Segment Information

 

The Company reports financial information based on the organizational structure used by the Company’s chief operating decision makers for making operating and investment decisions and for assessing performance. The Company’s reportable business segments consist of: (1) United States; (2) Canada; and (3) Europe. As described below, the activities of the Company’s Asian operations are closely linked to those of the U.S. operations; accordingly, the Company’s chief operating decision makers review the financial results of both on a consolidated basis, and the results of the Asian operations have been aggregated with the results of the United States operations to form one reportable segment called the “United States segment” or “U.S. segment”. Each reportable segment derives its revenue from the sales of cutting devices, measuring instruments and first aid and safety products for school, office, home, hardware, sporting and industrial use.

 

Domestic sales orders are filled primarily from the Company’s distribution centers in North Carolina, Washington, Massachusetts, Tennessee and California. The Company is responsible for the costs of shipping, insurance, customs clearance, duties, storage and distribution related to such products. Orders filled from the Company’s inventory are generally for less than container-sized lots.

 

Direct import sales are products sold by the Company’s Asian subsidiary, directly to major U.S. retailers, who take ownership of the products in Asia. These sales are completed by delivering product to the customers’ common carriers at the shipping points in Asia. Individual direct import sales are made in larger quantities than domestic sales, typically full containers. Direct import sales represented approximately 14% of the Company’s total net sales for each of the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2019, respectively, compared to 12% and 11% for the comparable periods in 2018.

The Chief Operating Decision Maker evaluates the performance of each operating segment based on segment revenues and operating income. Segment revenues are defined as total revenues, including both external customer revenue and inter-segment revenue. Segment operating earnings are defined as segment revenues, less cost of goods sold and operating expenses. Identifiable assets by segment are those assets used in the respective reportable segment’s operations. Inter-segment amounts are eliminated to arrive at consolidated financial results.

The following table sets forth certain financial data by segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018:

 

 13 

 

Financial data by segment:

(in thousands)

   Three months ended
September 30,
  Nine months ended   
September 30,
Sales to external customers:  2019  2018  2019  2018
United States  $32,780   $30,913   $95,178   $93,468 
Canada   1,775    1,691    5,402    5,715 
Europe   2,440    2,127    8,005    7,008 
Consolidated  $36,995   $34,731   $108,585   $106,191 
                     
Operating income:                    
United States  $1,381   $1,182   $5,942   $5,209 
Canada   280    193    746    876 
Europe   65    (2)   341    278 
Consolidated  $1,726   $1,373   $7,029   $6,363 
                     
Interest expense, net   469    496    1,463    1,346 
Other expense, net   40    23    52    84 
Consolidated income before income taxes  $1,217   $854   $5,514   $4,933 

 

Assets by segment:      
(in thousands)      
   September 30,  December 31,
   2019  2018
United States  $103,944   $99,721 
Canada   4,241    3,839 
Europe   6,039    5,918 
Consolidated  $114,224   $109,478 

7. Stock Based Compensation

The Company recognizes share-based compensation at the fair value of the equity instrument on the grant date. Compensation expense is recognized over the required service period. Share-based compensation expenses were $247,020 and $334,238 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Share-based compensation expenses were $744,717 and $641,418 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

As of September 30, 2019, there was a total of $1,601,816 of unrecognized compensation cost, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, related to non-vested share-based payments granted to the Company’s employees. As of that date, the remaining unamortized expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately three years.

 

8. Fair Value Measurements

 

The carrying value of the Company’s bank debt is a reasonable estimate of fair value because of the nature of its payment terms and maturity.

 

9. Leases

 

The Company has operating leases for office and warehouse space and equipment under various arrangements which provide the right to use the underlying asset and require lease payments for the lease term. The Company’s lease portfolio consists of operating leases which expire at various dates through 2024.

 

Certain of the Company’s lease arrangements contain renewal provisions, exercisable at the Company's option. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

 

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The Company determines if an arrangement is an operating lease at inception. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet. All other leases are recorded on the balance sheet with right-of-use (“ROU”) assets representing the right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities representing the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.

 

ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term and include options to extend or terminate the lease when they are reasonably certain to be exercised. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, the present value of lease payments is determined primarily using our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the lease commencement date. Lease agreements with lease and non-lease components are generally accounted for as a single lease component. The Company’s operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Operating lease cost was $0.3 million and $0.9 million for the three and nine-months ending September 30, 2019, respectively, For the three months ended September 30, 2019, $0.1 million is included in cost of goods sold and $0.2 million is included in selling, general and administrative expenses. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, $0.3 million is included in cost of goods sold and $0.6 million is included in selling, general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Information related to leases (in 000’s):

   Three months ended  Nine months ended
   September 30, 2019  September 30, 2019
Operating lease cost  $275   $856 
Operating lease - cash flow  $270   $840 

 

   September 30, 2019
Weighted-average remaining lease term   3.0 years 
Weighted-average discount rate   5%

 

 

Future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable leases as of September 30, 2019:

 

2019 (remaining)   $257 
2020    897 
2021    541 
2022    266 
2023    255 
Thereafter    64 
       
Total future minimum lease payments   $2,280 
Less: imputed interest    (150)
Present value of lease liabilities   $2,130 

  

 15 

 

 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF

FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Item 2: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Information

 

The Company may from time to time make written or oral “forward-looking statements” including statements contained in this report and in other communications by the Company, which are made in good faith pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements are based on our beliefs as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to us. When used in this document, words like “may,” “might,” “will,” “except,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “potential,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Actual results could differ materially from our current expectations.

 

Forward-looking statements in this report, including without limitation, statements related to the Company’s plans, strategies, objectives, expectations, intentions and adequacy of resources, are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties including, without limitation, the following: (i) changes in the Company’s plans, strategies, objectives, expectations and intentions, which may be made at any time at the discretion of the Company; (ii) the impact of uncertainties in global economic conditions, including the impact on the Company’s suppliers and customers; (iii) changes in client needs and consumer spending habits; (iv) the impact of competition and technological changes on the Company; (v) the Company’s ability to manage its growth effectively, including its ability to successfully integrate any business it might acquire; (vi) currency fluctuations; (vii) increases in the cost of borrowings resulting from rising interest rates; (viii) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; and (ix) other risks and uncertainties indicated from time to time in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

For a more detailed discussion of these and other factors affecting the Company, see the Risk Factors described in Item 1A included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 and below under “Financial Condition”. All forward-looking statements in this report are based upon information available to the Company on the date of this report. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

We discuss our critical accounting policies and estimates in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. Other than the adoption of the new lease guidance, there were no other material changes in our critical accounting policies since the end of fiscal year 2018.

 

Results of Operations

 

Traditionally, the Company’s sales are stronger in the second and third quarters and weaker in the first and fourth quarters of the fiscal year, due to the seasonal nature of the back-to-school market.

 

Net sales

 

Consolidated net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2019 were approximately $36,995,000 compared with $34,731,000 in the same period in 2018, a 7% increase. Consolidated net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 were approximately $108,585,000 compared with $106,191,000 for the same period in 2018, a 2% increase.

 

Net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2019 in the U.S. segment increased 6%, compared with the same period in 2018. Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 in the U.S. segment increased 2%, compared with the same period in 2018. The increases in sales for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 were mainly due to strong first aid and safety products sales, partially offset by lower sales of school and office products.

 

 16 

 

Net sales in Canada for the three months ended September 30, 2019 increased 5% in U.S. dollars (6% in local currency), compared with the same period in 2018. The increase in the net sales for the three months ended September 30, 2019 is primarily due to higher sales in the office channel. Net sales in Canada for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 decreased 6% in U.S. dollars (3% in local currency), compared with the same periods in 2018.

 

Net sales in Europe for the three months ended September 30, 2019 increased 15% in U.S. dollars (21% in local currency), compared with the same period in 2018. Net sales in Europe for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 increased 14% in U.S. dollars (22% in local currency), compared with the same period in 2018. The sales increases for the three and nine-month periods were mainly due to new customers in the office products channel and continued growth of DMT sharpening products.

 

Gross profit

 

Gross profit for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $13,134,000 (35.5% of net sales) compared to $12,450,000 (35.8% of net sales) for the same period in 2018. Gross profit for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $39,708,000 (36.6% of net sales) compared to $39,286,000 (37.0% of net sales) for the same period in 2018.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2019 were approximately $11,408,000 (30.8% of net sales) compared with $11,077,000 (31.9% of net sales) for the same period of 2018, an increase of $331,000. The increase in SG&A expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was primarily due to higher personnel related expenses. SG&A expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 were approximately $32,679,000 (30.0% of net sales) compared with $32,923,000 (31.0% of net sales) for the same period of 2018, a decrease of $244,000. The decreases in SG&A expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to the same periods in 2018 were primarily due to the Company’s strategy to reduce expenses in 2019, an effort which commenced in the second half of 2018, partially offset by higher personnel related expenses.

 

Operating income

 

Operating income for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $1,726,000 compared with $1,373,000 in the same period of 2018. Operating income for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $7,029,000 compared with $6,363,000 in the same period of 2018. The increases in operating income were primarily driven by decreases in selling, general and administration expenses for the three- and nine-month periods.

 

Operating income in the U.S. segment increased by approximately $199,000 and $733,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2018.

 

Operating income in the Canadian segment increased by approximately $87,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2019, compared to the same period in 2018. Operating income in the Canadian segment decreased by approximately $130,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to the same period in 2018.

 

Operating income in the European segment increased by approximately $67,000 and $63,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, compared to the same periods in 2018.

 

Interest expense, net

 

Interest expense, net for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $469,000, compared with $496,000 for the same period of 2018, a $27,000 decrease. The decrease in interest expense for the three months ended September 30, 2019 is primarily due to lower average debt outstanding, partially offset by higher interest rates, compared to the same period in 2018. Interest expense, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $1,463,000, compared with $1,346,000 for the same period of 2018, a $117,000 increase. The increase in interest expense resulted from a higher average interest rate under the Company’s revolving credit facility during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compared to the same periods in 2018, partially offset by lower average debt outstanding.

 

 17 

 

Other expense, net

 

Other expense, net for the three months ended September 30, 2019, was approximately $40,000, compared with $23,000 for the same period of 2018, a $17,000 increase. Other expense, net for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $52,000, compared with $84,000 for the same period of 2018, a $32,000 decrease. The changes in other expense, net for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, were primarily due to foreign currency transactions.

 

Income taxes

 

The Company’s effective tax rates for the three and nine-month period ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 were 13% and 18%, respectively, compared to 6% and 19% during the same periods in 2018. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recorded approximately $100,000 in excess tax benefits resulting from the exercise of stock options compared to $115,000 in the same periods in 2018.

 

Financial Condition

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

During the first nine months of 2019, working capital increased approximately $.9 million compared to December 31, 2018. Inventory decreased approximately $2.4 million at September 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018. Inventory turnover calculated using a twelve-month average inventory balance, was 2.2 at September 30, 2019 compared to 2.1 at December 31, 2018. Receivables increased by approximately $5.5 million at September 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018. The average number of days sales outstanding in accounts receivable was 65 days at September 30, 2019 compared to 66 days at December 31, 2018. Total current liabilities increased by approximately $3.2 million at September 30, 2019 compared to December 31, 2018.

 

The Company's working capital, current ratio and long-term debt to equity ratio are as follows:

 

   September 30, 2019  December 31, 2018
          
Working capital  $60,485   $59,627 
Current ratio   4.64    5.46 
Long term debt to equity ratio   75.2%   83.6%

    

 

During the first nine months of 2019, total debt outstanding under the Company’s revolving credit facility decreased by approximately $2.2 million, compared to total debt thereunder at December 31, 2018. As of September 30, 2019, $38,125,000 was outstanding and $11,875,000 was available for borrowing under the Company’s credit facility.

 

On May 24, 2018, the Company amended its revolving loan agreement with HSBC Bank, N.A. The amendment lowered the interest rate to LIBOR plus 1.75%; interest is payable monthly. In addition, the expiration date of the credit facility was extended to May 24, 2023. The prior interest rate was LIBOR plus 2%. The amount available for borrowing remains unchanged at $50 million. The Company must pay a facility fee, payable quarterly, in an amount equal to two tenths of one percent (.20%) per annum of the average daily unused portion of the revolving credit line. The facility is intended to provide liquidity for growth, share repurchases, dividends, acquisitions, and other business activities. Under the revolving loan agreement, the Company is required to maintain specific amounts of tangible net worth, a specified debt to net worth ratio and a fixed charge coverage ratio and must have annual net income greater than zero, measured as of the end of each fiscal year. At September 30, 2019, the Company was in compliance with the covenants of the loan agreement.

 

The Company believes that cash expected to be generated from operating activities, together with funds available under its revolving credit facility, will, under current conditions, be sufficient to finance the Company’s planned operations over the next twelve months from the filing of this report.

 

 18 

 

 

Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4: Controls and Procedures

 

(a)Evaluation of Internal Controls and Procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(b) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that these disclosure controls and procedures are effective.

 

(b)Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2019, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 19 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1 — Legal Proceedings

 

There are no pending material legal proceedings to which the registrant is a party, or, to the actual knowledge of the Company, contemplated by any governmental authority.

 

Item 1A — Risk Factors

 

See Risk Factors set forth in Part I, Item 1A of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Item 2 — Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

None.

 

Item 3 — Defaults upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4 — Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5 — Other Information

 

None.

 

Item 6 — Exhibits

 

Documents filed as part of this report:

 

Exhibit 31.1 Certification of Walter C. Johnsen pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Exhibit 31.2 Certification of Paul G. Driscoll pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Exhibit 32.1 Certification of Walter C. Johnsen pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Exhibit 32.2 Certification Paul G. Driscoll pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

 

 20 

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

ACME UNITED CORPORATION  
   
   
 By /s/ Walter C. Johnsen  
 

Walter C. Johnsen
Chairman of the Board and
Chief Executive Officer

 
     
Dated:  November 7, 2019  

 

 

   
 By /s/ Paul G. Driscoll  
  Paul G. Driscoll
Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer
 
     
Dated:  November 7, 2019  

 

 

21