10-Q 1 f10q1223_senmiaotech.htm QUARTERLY REPORT

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2023

 

  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from              to             

 

Commission file number: 001-38426

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   35-2600898

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

16F, Shihao Square, Middle Jiannan Blvd.,

High-Tech Zone Chengdu,

Sichuan, People’s Republic of China

  610000
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: +86 28 61554399

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class:   Trading Symbol   Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share   AIHS   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check One):

 

Large accelerated filer  ☐ Accelerated filer  ☐
Non-accelerated filer  ☒ Smaller reporting company  
  Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b 2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No

 

As of February 7, 2024, there were 9,568,040 shares of issuer’s common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements ii
     
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 1
     
Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 1
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 35
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 55
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 55
     
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION 56
   
Item 6. Exhibits 56
     
SIGNATURES   57

 

i

 

 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10 Q (the “Report”), including, without limitation, statements under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the words “believes,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “may,” “will,” “potential,” “projects,” “predicts,” “continues,” or “should,” or, in each case, their negative or other variations or comparable terminology. There can be no assurance that actual results will not materially differ from expectations. Such statements include, but are not limited to, any statements relating to our ability to consummate any acquisition or other business combination and any other statements that are not statements of current or historical facts. These statements are based on management’s current expectations, but actual results may differ materially due to various factors, including, but not limited to:

 

our goals and strategies, including our ability to expand our automobile transaction and related services business and our online ride-hailing platform services business in China;
   
our management’s ability to properly develop and achieve any future business growth and any improvements in our financial condition and results of operations;
   
the impact by public health epidemics in China on the industries we operate in and our business, results of operations and financial condition;
   
the growth or lack of growth in China of disposable household income and the availability and cost of credit available to finance car purchases;
   
the growth or lack of growth of China’s online ride-hailing, automobile financing and leasing industries;
   
taxes and other incentives or disincentives related to car purchases and ownership;
   
fluctuations in the sales and price of new and used cars and consumer acceptance of financing car purchases;
   
changes in online ride-hailing, transportation networks, and other fundamental changes in transportation pattern in China;
   
our expectations regarding demand for and market acceptance of our products and services;
   
our expectations regarding our customer base;
   
our plans to invest in our automobile transaction and related services business and our online ride-hailing platform services business;
   
our ability to maintain positive relationships with our business partners;
   
competition in the online ride-hailing, automobile financing and leasing industries in China;
   
macro-economic and political conditions affecting the global economy generally and the market in China specifically; and
   
relevant Chinese government policies and regulations relating to the industries in which we operate.

 

You should read this Report and the documents that we refer to in this Report with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from and worse than what we expect. Other sections of this Report and our other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) include additional factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

 

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 

This Report also contains statistical data and estimates that we obtained from industry publications and reports generated by third-parties. Although we have not independently verified the data, we believe that the publications and reports are reliable. The market data contained in this Report involves a number of assumptions, estimates and limitations. The ride-hailing and automobile financing markets in China may not grow at the rates projected by market data, or at all. The failure of these markets to grow at the projected rates may have a material adverse effect on our business and the market price of our common stock. If any one or more of the assumptions underlying the market data turns out to be incorrect, actual results may differ from the projections based on these assumptions. In addition, projections, assumptions and estimates of our future performance and the future performance of the industries in which we operate are necessarily subject to a high degree of uncertainty and risk due to a variety of factors, including those described herein or our other reports filed with the SEC. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

 

ii

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Expressed in U.S. dollar, except for the number of shares)

 

   December 31,   March 31 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS        
Current assets        
Cash and cash equivalents  $1,064,822   $1,610,090 
Restricted cash   2,375    

 
Accounts receivable   50,820    158,435 
Accounts receivable, a related party   5,493    6,312 
Inventories   

    6,678 
Finance lease receivables, current portion   150,394    146,114 
Prepayments, other receivables and other assets, net   1,256,431    1,438,243 
Due from related parties, net, current portion   2,512,079    1,488,914 
Total current assets   5,042,414    4,854,786 
           
Property and equipment, net   2,959,653    3,343,457 
           
Other assets          
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net   90,982    121,672 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net, related parties   325,101    92,916 
Financing lease right-of-use assets, net   421,645    623,714 
Intangible assets, net   636,017    774,324 
Finance lease receivable, non-current   86,184    71,133 
Due from a related party, net, non-current   1,922,441    3,640,206 
Other non-current assets   650,713    716,407 
Total other assets   4,133,083    6,040,372 
           
Total assets  $12,135,150   $14,238,615 
           
LIABILITIES, MEZZANNIE EQUITY AND EQUITY          
Current liabilities          
Borrowings from a financial institution, current  $144,871   $8,813 
Accounts payable   165,839    183,645 
Advances from customers   139,732    148,188 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   3,846,364    3,377,507 
Due to a related party   386    8,667 
Operating lease liabilities   33,840    60,878 
Operating lease liabilities - related parties   319,323    143,462 
Financing lease liabilities   204,069    264,052 
Derivative liabilities   91,755    501,782 
Current liabilities - discontinued operations   471,868    487,829 
Total current liabilities   5,418,047    5,184,823 
           
Other liabilities          
Borrowings from a financial institution, non-current   108,653    

 
Operating lease liabilities, non-current   51,568    83,485 
Operating lease liabilities, non-current - related parties   161,375    42,247 
Financing lease liabilities, non-current   253,872    388,064 
Deferred tax liability   41,525    42,930 
Total other liabilities   616,993    556,726 
           
Total liabilities   6,035,040    5,741,549 
           
Commitments and contingencies (Note 19)   
 
    
 
 
           
Mezzanine Equity          
Series A convertible preferred stock (par value $1,000 per share, 5,000 shares authorized; 991 and 1,641 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, respectively)   234,364    269,386 
           
Stockholders’ equity          
Common stock (par value $0.0001 per share, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 9,568,040 and 7,743,040 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, respectively)   956    773 
Additional paid-in capital   43,834,973    43,355,834 
Accumulated deficit   (40,003,077)   (37,715,294)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (1,593,976)   (1,247,099)
Total Senmiao Technology Limited stockholders’ equity   2,238,876    4,394,214 
           
Non-controlling interests   3,626,870    3,833,466 
           
Total equity   5,865,746    8,227,680 
           
Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and equity  $12,135,150   $14,238,615 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

1

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

(Expressed in U.S. dollar, except for the number of shares)

 

   For the Three Months Ended December 31,   For the Nine Months Ended December 31, 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Revenues                
Revenues  $1,611,277   $1,710,172   $5,510,795   $6,000,597 
Revenues, a related party   7,133    30,748    29,280    323,321 
Total revenues   1,618,410    1,740,920    5,540,075    6,323,918 
                     
Cost of revenues                    
Cost of revenues   (1,119,869)   (1,372,916)   (3,693,139)   (5,038,614)
Cost of revenues, a related party   (80,973)   (185,254)   (473,317)   (333,756)
Total cost of revenues   (1,200,842)   (1,558,170)   (4,166,456)   (5,372,370)
                     
Gross profit   417,568    182,750    1,373,619    951,548 
                     
Operating expenses                    
Selling, general and administrative expenses   (1,052,975)   (1,385,580)   (3,398,997)   (4,832,658)
Provision for credit losses   
    (126,546)   (680,396)   (470,982)
Impairments of inventories   
    
    
    (3,085)
Stock-based compensation   (444,300)   
    (444,300)   
 
Total operating expenses   (1,497,275)   (1,512,126)   (4,523,693)   (5,306,725)
                     
Loss from operations   (1,079,707)   (1,329,376)   (3,150,074)   (4,355,177)
                     
Other income (expense)                    
Other income, net   154,234    320,151    251,037    807,276 
Interest expense   (7,852)   (6,975)   (10,610)   (6,975)
Interest expense on finance leases   (6,791)   (626)   (23,107)   (8,927)
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   46,188    30,557    410,027    1,641,650 
Total other income, net   185,779    343,107    627,347    2,433,024 
                     
Loss before income taxes   (893,928)   (986,269)   (2,522,727)   (1,922,153)
                     
Income tax expense   
    
    
    
 
                     
Net Loss   (893,928)   (986,269)   (2,522,727)   (1,922,153)
                     
Net loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests from operations   (40,070)   14,928    234,944    200,175 
                     
Net loss attributable to the Company’s stockholders  $(933,998)  $(971,341)  $(2,287,783)  $(1,721,978)
                     
Net loss  $(893,928)  $(986,269)  $(2,522,727)  $(1,922,153)
                     
Other comprehensive (loss) income                    
Foreign currency translation adjustment   172,393    328,208    (318,529)   (1,177,365)
                     
Comprehensive loss   (721,535)   (658,061)   (2,841,256)   (3,099,518)
                     
less: Total comprehensive loss (income) attributable to non-controlling interests   27,449    (75,611)   (206,596)   (159,302)
                     
Total comprehensive loss attributable to stockholders  $(748,984)  $(582,450)  $(2,634,660)  $(2,940,216)
                     
Weighted average number of common stock                    
Basic and diluted
   9,443,312    7,689,406    8,460,676    7,016,860 
Net loss per share - basic and diluted
  $(0.10)  $(0.13)  $(0.27)  $(0.25)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

2

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

For the Nine Months Ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

(Expressed in U.S. dollar, except for the number of shares)

 

   For the Nine Months Ended December 31, 2022 
                   Accumulated         
           Additional       other         
   Common stock   paid-in   Accumulated   comprehensive   Non-controlling   Total 
   Shares   Par value   capital*   deficit   loss   interest   equity 
BALANCE, March 31, 2022   6,186,783   $618   $42,803,045   $(34,601,545)  $(109,454)  $4,476,275   $12,568,939 
Net income (loss)       
    
    332,853    
    (88,933)   243,920 
Conversion of preferred stock into common stock   126,831    14    85,349    
    
    
    85,363 
Foreign currency translation adjustment       
    
    
    (783,838)   (1,815)   (785,653)
BALANCE, June 30, 2022 (Unaudited)   6,313,614    632    42,888,394    (34,268,692)   (893,292)   4,385,527    12,112,569 
Net loss       
    
    (1,083,490)   
    (96,314)   (1,179,804)
Conversion of preferred stock into common stock   1,369,294    138    449,497    
    
    
    449,635 
Foreign currency translation adjustment       
    
    
    (823,291)   103,371    (719,920)
BALANCE, September 31, 2022 (Unaudited)   7,682,908    770    43,337,891    (35,352,182)   (1,716,583)   4,392,584    10,662,480 
Net loss       
    
    (971,341)   
    (14,928)   (986,269)
Cashless exercise of November 2021 Investor warrants into common stock   10,132    
    
    
    
    
    
 
Fair value of derivative liabilities upon exercise of warrants       
    1,533    
    
    
    1,533 
Foreign currency translation adjustment       
    
    
    388,891    (60,683)   328,208 
BALANCE, December 31, 2022 (Unaudited)   7,693,040   $770   $43,339,424   $(36,323,523)  $(1,327,692)  $4,316,973   $10,005,952 

 

   For the Nine Months Ended December 31, 2023 
                   Accumulated         
           Additional       other         
   Common stock   paid-in   Accumulated   comprehensive   Non-controlling   Total 
   Shares   Par value   capital   deficit   loss   interest   equity 
BALANCE, March 31, 2023   7,743,040   $773   $43,355,834   $(37,715,294)  $(1,247,099)  $3,833,466   $8,227,680 
Net income (loss)       
    
    (427,828)   
    6,481    (421,347)
Conversion of preferred stock into common stock   250,000    25    26,914    
    
    
    26,939 
Foreign currency translation adjustment       
    
    
    (496,137)   42,812    (453,325)
BALANCE, June 30, 2023 (Unaudited)   7,993,040    798    43,382,748    (38,143,122)   (1,743,236)   3,882,759    7,379,947 
Net loss       
    
    (925,957)   
    (281,495)   (1,207,452)
Conversion of preferred stock into common stock   75,000    8    8,075    
    
    
    8,083 
Foreign currency translation adjustment       
    
    
    (35,754)   (1,843)   (37,597)
BALANCE, September 31, 2023 (Unaudited)   8,068,040    806    43,390,823    (39,069,079)   (1,778,990)   3,599,421    6,142,981 
Net income (loss)       
    
    (933,998)   
    40,070    (893,928)
Issuance of common stock for consulting service   1,500,000    150    444,150    
    
    
    444,300 
Foreign currency translation adjustment       
    
    
    185,014    (12,621)   172,393 
BALANCE, December 31, 2023 (Unaudited)   9,568,040   $956   $43,834,973   $(40,003,077)  $(1,593,976)  $3,626,870   $5,865,746 

 

*Giving retroactive effect to the 1-for-10 reverse stock split effected on April 6, 2022

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Expressed in U.S. dollar, except for the number of shares)

 

   For the Nine Months Ended December 31, 
   2023   2022 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:        
Net loss  $(2,522,727)  $(1,922,153)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment   702,555    873,480 
Stock-based compensation   444,300    
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets   322,904    579,209 
Amortization of intangible assets   129,531    128,538 
Provision for credit losses   680,396    470,982 
Impairments of inventories   
    3,085 
Gain on disposal of equipment   (31,705)   (596,564)
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (410,027)   (1,641,650)
Change in operating assets and liabilities          
Accounts receivable   43,720    177,273 
Accounts receivable, a related party   608    (9,876)
Inventories   64,257    322,689 
Finance lease receivables   133,988    187,695 
Prepayments, other receivables and other assets   17,146    1,115,661 
Accounts payable   192,279    48,108 
Advances from customers   (3,577)   10,048 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   595,871    639,657 
Operating lease liabilities   (53,776)   (37,872)
Operating lease liabilities - related parties   (50,994)   (99,023)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities   254,749    249,287 
           
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:          
Purchases of property and equipment   (643,376)   (1,213,996)
Cash received from disposal of property and equipment   102,172    1,527,550 
Purchases of intangible assets   
    (26,408)
Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Investing Activities   (541,204)   287,146 
           
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:          
Borrowings from a financial institution   242,943    
 
Repayments from a related party   321,229    

359,383

 
Loans to related parties and affiliates   (587,307)   
 
Repayments of borrowings from a financial institution   
    (111,615)
Principal payments of finance lease liabilities   (171,388)   (349,140)
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities   (194,523)   (101,372)
           
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (61,915)   (82,673)
           
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (542,893)   352,388 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of the period   1,610,090    1,185,221 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of the period   1,067,197    1,537,609 
           
Supplemental Cash Flow Information          
Cash paid for interest expense  $10,610   $6,975 
Cash paid for income tax  $
   $
 
           
Non-cash Transaction in Investing and Financing Activities          
Settlement of accounts payable by a related party   86,658    
 
Recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities  $
   $917,786 
Recognition of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, related parties  $349,532   $118,030 
Termination of right-of use assets and lease liabilities  $
   $54,546 
Termination of right-of use assets and lease liabilities, related parties  $
   $252,939 
Cashless exercise of November 2021 Investor warrants into common stock  $
   $1,533 

 

 

 

The following tables provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalent and restricted cash reported within the statement of financial position that sum to the total of the same amounts shown in the statement of cash flows:

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2023   2022 
Cash, cash equivalent, end of period  $1,064,822   $1,537,609 
Restricted cash, end of period   2,375    
 
Total cash, cash equivalent and restricted cash shown in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, end of period  $1,067,197   $1,537,609 

 

   December 31,   December 31, 
   2023   2022 
Cash, cash equivalent, beginning of period  $1,610,090   $1,185,221 
Restricted cash, beginning of period   
    
 
Total cash, cash equivalent and restricted cash shown in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, beginning of period  $1,610,090   $1,185,221 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

4

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. ORGANIZATION AND PRINCIPAL ACTIVITIES

 

Senmiao Technology Limited (the “Company”) is a U.S. holding company incorporated in the State of Nevada on June 8, 2017. The Company operates its business in two segments:

 

(i) automobile transaction and related services focusing on the online ride-hailing industry in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC” or “China”) through the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries, Sichuan Senmiao Yicheng Assets Management Co., Ltd., formerly named Yicheng Financial Leasing Co., Ltd., a PRC limited liability company (“Yicheng”), Chengdu Corenel Technology Co., Ltd., a PRC limited liability company (“Corenel”), and its majority owned subsidiaries, Chengdu Jiekai Yunli Technology Co., Ltd. (“Jiekai”), and Hunan Ruixi Financial Leasing Co., Ltd., a PRC limited liability company (“Hunan Ruixi”), and its equity investee company (an entity 35% owned by Hunan Ruixi) and former variable interest entity (“VIE”), Sichuan Jinkailong Automobile Leasing Co., Ltd., a PRC limited liability company (“Jinkailong”).

 

(ii) online ride-hailing platform services through its own platform (known as Xixingtianxia) as described further below, since October 2020, through Hunan Xixingtianxia Technology Co., Ltd., a PRC limited liability company (“XXTX”), which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sichuan Senmiao Zecheng Business Consulting Co., Ltd. (“Senmiao Consulting”), a PRC limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. The Company’s ride hailing platform enables qualified ride-hailing drivers to provide transportation services in Chengdu, Changsha and other 24 cities in China as of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Hunan Ruixi holds a business license for automobile sales and financial leasing and has been engaged in automobile financial leasing services and automobile sales since March 2019 and January 2019, respectively. Yicheng holds a business license for automobiles sale and has been engaged in automobile sales since June 2019. Yicheng used to have a license of financial leasing, which has been terminated since June 2022. The Company also has been engaged in operating leasing services through Hunan Ruixi and its equity investee company, Jinkailong since March 2019. Jinkailong used to facilitate automobile sales and financing transactions for its clients, who are primarily ride-hailing drivers and provides them operating lease and relevant after-transaction services.

 

As of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, Senmiao Consulting has made a cumulative capital contribution of RMB40.41 million (approximately $5.69 million) to XXTX and the remaining amount is expected to be paid before December 31, 2025. As of December 31, 2023, XXTX had nine wholly owned subsidiaries and two of them have operations.

 

The following diagram illustrates the Company’s corporate structure, including its subsidiaries and equity investee company, as of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements:

 

 

5

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Former VIE Agreements with Sichuan Senmiao

 

Senmiao Consulting, Sichuan Senmiao Ronglian Technology Co., Ltd. (“Sichuan Senmiao”) and all the shareholders of Sichuan Senmiao (the “Sichuan Senmiao Shareholders”) entered into an Equity Interest Pledge Agreement, an Exclusive Business Cooperation Agreement, an Exclusive Option Agreement, Power of Attorneys, and Timely Report Agreements in September 2017 (collectively, the “Sichuan Senmiao VIE Agreements”). For the details of such agreements, refer to the audited financial statements contained in the annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on July 15, 2022. According to the VIE Agreements, Senmiao Consulting was the primary beneficiary of Sichuan Senmiao and the financial statements of Sichuan Senmiao are consolidated in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Sichuan Senmiao suffered accumulated loss of approximately $18.0 million as of March 31, 2022 with shareholders’ deficiency of $7.6 million. Due to such loss from Sichuan Senmiao, on March 23, 2022, Senmiao Consulting and other shareholders holding 94.5% equity interests of Sichuan Senmiao terminated the Sichuan Senmiao VIE Agreements and acquired Sichuan Senmiao’s 94.5% equity interests with total consideration of zero. Sichuan Senmiao became the majority owned subsidiary of Senmiao Consulting accordingly. The termination of the Sichuan Senmiao VIE Agreements had no significant impact on the consolidated financial statements.

 

Former Voting Agreements with Jinkailong’s Other Shareholders

 

Hunan Ruixi entered into two voting agreements signed in August 2018 and February 2020, respectively, as amended (the “Voting Agreements”), with Jinkailong and other Jinkailong’s shareholders holding an aggregate of 65% equity interests. Pursuant to the Voting Agreements, all other Jinkailong’s shareholders will vote in concert with Hunan Ruixi on all fundamental corporate transactions in the event of a disagreement for periods of 20 years and 18 years, respectively, ending on August 25, 2038.

 

On March 31, 2022, Ruixi entered into an Agreement for the Termination of the Agreement for Concerted Action by Shareholders of Jinkailong (the “Termination Agreement”), pursuant to which the Voting Agreements mentioned above was terminated as of the date of the Termination Agreement. The termination will not impair the past and future legitimate rights and interests of all parties in Jinkailong. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the parties no longer maintain a concerted action relationship with respect to the decision required to take concerted action at its shareholders meetings as stipulated in the Voting Agreements. Each party shall independently express opinions and exercise various rights such as voting rights and perform relevant obligations in accordance with the provisions of laws, regulations, normative documents and the Jinkailong’s articles of association.

 

As a result of the Termination Agreement, the Company no longer has a controlling financial interest in Jinkailong and has determined that Jinkailong was deconsolidated from the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements effective as of March 31, 2022. However, as Hunan Ruixi still holds 35% equity interests in Jinkailong, Jinkailong is the equity investee company of the Company since then. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the paid-in capital of Jinkailong is zero.

 

As of December 31, 2023, the Company has outstanding balance due from Jinkailong amounted to $4,406,565, net of allowance for credit losses, of which, $1,922,441 is to be repaid over a period from January 2025 to December 2026, classified as due from a related party, net, non-current portion. As of March 31, 2023, the Company has outstanding balance due from Jinkailong amounted to $5,106,100, net of allowance for credit losses, of which, $3,640,206 is to be repaid over a period from April 2024 to December 2026, classified as due from a related party, net, non-current portion (refer to Note 17).

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, allowance for credit losses due from Jinkailong amounted to $2,115,735 and $1,481,036, respectively. During the nine months ended December 31, 2023, the Company recorded provision for credit losses against the balance due from Jinkailong of $680,396, while during the three months ended December 31, 2023, the Company did not record additional provision. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the Company recorded provision for credit losses against the balance due from Jinkailong of $113,842 and $464,709, respectively.

 

Former VIE Agreements with Youlu

 

On December 7, 2021, XXTX entered into a series of contractual arrangements (collectively, the “Youlu VIE Agreements”) with Youlu and each of its equity holders (“Youlu Shareholders”). The terms of Youlu VIE Agreements were similar to the Sichuan Senmiao VIE Agreements. According to the Youlu VIE Agreements, Youlu was obligated to pay XXTX service fees approximately equal to its net income. Youlu’s entire operations were, in fact, directly controlled by XXTX. There were no unrecognized revenue-producing assets that were held by Youlu. However, on March 31, 2022, the Youlu VIE Agreements were terminated by XXTX and Youlu Shareholders. As Youlu had limited operation, the termination had no significant impact on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

2. GOING CONCERN

 

In assessing the Company’s liquidity, the Company monitors and analyzes its cash on-hand and its operating and capital expenditure commitments. The Company’s liquidity needs are to meet its working capital requirements, operating expenses and capital expenditure obligations. Debt financing from financial institutions and equity financings have been utilized to finance the working capital requirements of the Company.

 

The Company’s business is capital intensive. The Company’s management has considered whether there is substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern due to (1) the net loss of approximately $2.5 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2023; (2) accumulated deficit of approximately $40.0 million as of December 31, 2023; (3) the working capital deficit of approximately $0.4 million as of December 31, 2023; and (4) one purchase commitment of approximately $0.8 million for 100 automobiles. As of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company has entered into one purchase contract with an automobile dealer to purchase a total of 100 automobiles in the amount of approximately $1.5 million, of which, and approximately $0.7 million has been remitted as purchase prepayments. The remaining purchase commitment of approximately $0.8 million shall be remitted in installment to be completed before December 31, 2024.

 

Management has determined there is substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. If the Company is unable to generate significant revenue, the Company may be required to curtail or cease its operations. Management is trying to alleviate the going concern risk through the following sources:

 

Equity financing to support its working capital;

 

Other available sources of financing (including debt) from PRC banks and other financial institutions; and

 

Financial support and credit guarantee commitments from the Company’s related parties.

 

Based on the above considerations, management is of the opinion that the Company will probably not have sufficient funds to meet its working capital requirements and debt obligations as they become due one year from the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements if the Company is unable to obtain additional financing. There is no assurance that the Company will be successful in implementing the foregoing plans or that additional financing will be available to the Company on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. There are a number of factors that could potentially arise that could undermine the Company’s plans, such as (i) changes in the demand for the Company’s services, (ii) PRC government policies, (iii) economic conditions in China and worldwide, (iv) competitive pricing in the automobile transaction and related service and ride-hailing industries, (v) changes in the Company’s relationships with key business partners, (vi) the ability of financial institutions in China to provide continued financial support to the Company’s customers, and (vii) the perception of PRC-based companies in the U.S. capital markets. The Company’s inability to secure needed financing when required could require material changes to the Company’s business plans and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern and results of operations. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of such uncertainties.

 

3. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

(a) Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company has been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

 

The interim unaudited financial information as of December 31, 2023 and for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 have been prepared without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC and pursuant to Regulation S-X. Certain information and footnote disclosures, which are normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, have been omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations. The interim unaudited financial information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, included in the Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2023, which was filed with the SEC on July 13, 2023.

 

7

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (including normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present a fair statement of the Company’s unaudited financial position as of December 31, 2023, its unaudited results of operations for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, and its unaudited cash flows for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, as applicable, have been made. The unaudited interim results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future periods.

 

(b) Foreign currency translation

 

Transactions denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are translated into the functional currency using the applicable exchange rates on the date of the balance sheet. The resulting exchange differences are recorded in the statement of operations.

 

The reporting currency of the Company and its subsidiaries and former VIEs is U.S. dollars (“US$”) and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been expressed in US$. However, the Company maintains the books and records in its functional currency, Chinese Renminbi (“RMB”), being the functional currency of the economic environment in which its operations are conducted.

 

In general, for consolidation purposes, assets and liabilities of the Company and its subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the US$, are translated into US$, using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated at average rates prevailing during the period. The gains and losses resulting from translation of financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are recorded as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss within the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ equity.

 

Translation of amounts from RMB into US$ has been made at the following exchange rates for the respective periods:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
Balance sheet items, except for equity accounts – RMB: US$1:   7.0999    6.8676 

 

   For the three months ended 
December 31,
 
   2023   2022 
Items in the statements of operations and comprehensive loss, and cash flows – RMB: US$1:   7.2247    7.1120 

 

   For the nine months ended
December 31,
 
   2023   2022 
Items in the statements of operations and comprehensive loss, and cash flows – RMB: US$1:   7.1600    6.8547 

 

(c) Use of estimates

 

In presenting the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported and related disclosures. Estimates, by their nature, are based on judgment and available information. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates. On an ongoing basis, management reviews these estimates and assumptions using the currently available information. Changes in facts and circumstances may cause the Company to revise its estimates. The Company bases its estimates on past experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Estimates are used when accounting for items and matters including, but not limited to, revenue recognition, residual values of property and equipment, lease classification and liabilities, inventory obsolescence, right-of-use assets, determinations of the useful lives and valuation of long-lived assets, estimates of allowances for credit losses for receivables, due from related parties and prepayments, estimates of impairment of long-lived assets, valuation of deferred tax assets, valuation of derivative liabilities, allocation of fair value of derivative liabilities.

 

8

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(d) Fair values of financial instruments

 

Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 825, Financial Instruments (“Topic 825”) requires disclosure of fair value information of financial instruments, whether or not recognized in the balance sheets, for which it is practicable to estimate that value. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. Topic 825 excludes certain financial instruments and all nonfinancial assets and liabilities from its disclosure requirements. Accordingly, the aggregate fair value amounts do not represent the underlying value of the Company. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:

 

Level 1 Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

 

Level 2 Inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the assets or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instruments.

 

Level 3 Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value.

 

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy our financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023:

 

   Carrying
 Value as of
   Fair Value Measurement as of 
   December    December 31, 2023 
   31, 2023   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
   (Unaudited)             
Derivative liabilities  $91,755   $
   $
   $91,755 

 

   Carrying
 Value as of
   Fair Value Measurement as of 
   March 31,   March 31, 2023 
    2023   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3 
Derivative liabilities  $501,782   $
   $
   $501,782 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balance of the assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and for the year ended March 31, 2023:

 

   2019
Registered Direct
Offering
   August
2020
Underwritten
Public
   February
2021
Registered
Direct
   May 2021
Registered Direct
Offering
   November 2021
Private Placement
     
   Series A
Warrants
   Placement
Warrants
   Offering
Warrants
   Offering
Warrants
   Investors
Warrants
   Placement
Warrants
   Investors
Warrants
   Placement
Warrants
   Total 
BALANCE as of March 31, 2022  $1,913   $10,525   $44,581   $65,543   $778,488   $58,387   $1,165,465   $90,302   $2,215,204 
Derivative liabilities recognized at grant date   (1,912)   (10,520)   (36,131)   (54,052)   (616,527)   (46,240)   (879,170)   (67,337)   (1,711,889)
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   
    
    
    
    
    
    (1,533)   
    (1,533)
BALANCE as of March 31, 2023   1    5    8,450    11,491    161,961    12,147    284,762   $22,965   $501,782 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   
    
    (7,577)   (10,266)   (137,737)   (10,330)   (226,133)   (17,978)   (410,021)
Warrant forfeited due to expiration   (1)   (5)   
    
    
    
    
    
    (6)
BALANCE as of December 31, 2023 (unaudited)  $
   $
   $873   $1,225   $24,224   $1,817   $58,629   $4,987   $91,755 

 

9

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The Company’s Series A and Series B warrants, the June 2019 Placement Agent Warrants, the Underwriters’ Warrants, the ROFR Warrants, the May 2021 Investors Warrants, the May 2021 Placement Agent Warrants, and the November 2021 Investors Warrants and November 2021 Placement Agent Warrants are not traded in an active securities market; therefore, the Company estimates the fair value to those warrants using the Black-Scholes valuation model on June 20, 2019 (the grant date), August 4, 2020 (the grant date), February 10, 2021 (the grant date), May 13, 2021 (the grant date), November 10, 2021 (the grant date), as of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023.

 

   June 20, 2019   August 4, 2020   February 10, 2021   May 13, 2021   November 10, 2021 
   Series A   Series B   Placement
Agent
   Underwriters’   Placement
Agent
   ROFR   Investor   Placement
Agent
   Investor   Placement
Agent
 
   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants 
# of shares exercisable*   133,602    111,632    14,251    56,800    38,044    15,218    553,192    41,490    5,310,763    55,148 
Valuation date   6/20/2019    6/20/2019    6/20/2019    8/4/2020    2/10/2021    2/10/2021    5/13/2021    5/13/2021    11/10/2021    11/10/2021 
Exercise price*  $37.20   $37.20   $33.80   $6.30   $13.80   $17.30   $10.50   $10.50   $1.13   $6.80 
Stock price*  $28.00   $28.00   $28.00   $5.10   $16.30   $16.30   $7.20   $7.20   $6.70   $6.70 
Expected term (years)   4    1    4    5    5    5    5    5    5    5 
Risk-free interest rate   1.77%   1.91%   1.77%   0.19%   0.46%   0.46%   0.84%   0.84%   1.23%   1.23%
Expected volatility   86%   91%   86%   129%   132%   132%   131%   131%   126%   126%

 

   As of December 31, 2023 
   August 4, 2020   February 10, 2021   May 13, 2021   November 10, 2021 
       Placement           Placement       Placement 
   Underwriters’   Agent   ROFR   Investor   Agent   Investor   Agent 
Granted Date  Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants 
# of shares exercisable   31,808    38,044    15,218    553,192    41,490    5,310,763    55,148 
Valuation date   12/31/2023    12/31/2023    12/31/2023    12/31/2023    12/31/2023    12/31/2023    12/31/2023 
Exercise price  $6.30   $13.8   $17.30   $10.50   $10.50   $1.13   $1.13 
Stock price  $0.41   $0.41   $0.41   $0.41   $0.41   $0.41   $0.41 
Expected term (years)   1.59    2.12    2.12    2.37    2.37    2.86    2.86 
Risk-free interest rate   4.46%   4.20%   4.20%   4.15%   4.15%   4.04%   4.04%
Expected volatility   118%   118%   118%   118%   118%   118%   118%

 

   As of March 31, 2023 
   June 20, 2019   August 4, 2020   February 10, 2021   May 13, 2021   November 10, 2021 
       Placement       Placement           Placement       Placement 
   Series A   Agent   Underwriters’   Agent   ROFR   Investor   Agent   Investor   Agent 
Granted Date  Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants   Warrants 
# of shares exercisable   2,590    14,251    31,808    38,044    15,218    553,192    41,490    5,310,763    55,148 
Valuation date   3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023    3/31/2023 
Exercise price  $5.00   $5.00   $6.30   $13.8   $17.30   $10.50   $10.50   $1.13   $6.80 
Stock price  $0.90   $0.90   $0.90   $0.90   $0.90   $0.90   $0.90   $0.90   $0.90 
Expected term (years)   0.22    0.22    2.35    2.87    2.87    3.12    3.12    3.62    3.62 
Risk-free interest rate   1.02%   1.02%   4.02%   3.95%   4.43%   3.80%   3.80%   3.74%   3.74%
Expected volatility   120%   120%   120%   120%   120%   120%   120%   120%   120%

 

 

*Giving retroactive effect to the 1-for-10 reverse stock split effected on April 6, 2022.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, financial instruments of the Company comprised primarily current assets and current liabilities including cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, inventories, finance lease receivables, prepayments, other receivables and other assets, due from related parties, accounts payable, advance from customers, lease liabilities, accrued expenses and other liabilities, due to related parties, and operating and financing lease liabilities, which approximate their fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments, and current liabilities of borrowings from a financial institution, which approximate their fair values because of the stated loan interest rate to the rate charged by similar financial institutions.

 

The non-current portion of finance lease receivables, operating and financing lease liabilities and borrowings from a financial institution were recorded at the gross amount adjusted for the interest using the effective interest rate method. The Company believes that the effective interest rates underlying these instruments approximate their fair values because the Company used its incremental borrowing rate to recognize the present value of these instruments as of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023.

 

Other than as listed above, the Company did not identify any assets or liabilities that are required to be presented on the balance sheet at fair value.

 

10

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(e) Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents primarily consist of bank deposits with original maturities of three months or less, which are unrestricted as to withdrawal and use. Cash and cash equivalents also consist of funds received from automobile purchasers as payments for automobiles, funds received from automobile lessees as payments for rentals, which were held at the third-party platforms’ fund accounts and which are unrestricted and immediately available for withdrawal and use.

 

(f) Restricted cash

 

Restricted cash consists of fund held in the bank accounts of Corenel was frozen by a court order with a prior business partner whom Corenel had cooperation with. The restricted cash of Corenel was RMB16,863 (approximately $2,375) as of December 31, 2023.

 

(g) Accounts receivable

 

Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount less an allowance for any uncollectible accounts and do not bear interest, and are due on demand. The carrying value of accounts receivable is reduced by an allowance that reflects the Company’s best estimate of the amounts that will not be collected. An allowance for credit losses is recorded in the period when a loss is probable based on an assessment of specific evidence indicating collection is unlikely, historical bad debt rates, accounts aging, financial conditions of the customer and industry trends. Starting from April 1, 2023, the Company adopted ASU No.2016-13 “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (“ASC Topic 326”). The Company used a modified retrospective approach, and the adoption does not have an impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Management also periodically evaluates individual customer’s financial condition, credit history, and the current economic conditions to make adjustments in the allowance when it is considered necessary. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. The Company’s management continues to evaluate the reasonableness of the valuation allowance policy and update it if necessary. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company did not record allowance for credit losses, against accounts receivable.

 

(h) Finance lease receivables

 

Finance lease receivables, which result from sales-type leases, are measured at discounted present value of (i) future minimum lease payments, (ii) any residual value not subject to a bargain purchase option as finance lease receivables on its balance sheet and (iii) accrued interest on the balance of the finance lease receivables based on the interest rate inherent in the applicable lease over the term of the lease. Management also periodically evaluates individual customer’s financial condition, credit history and the current economic conditions to make adjustments in the allowance for credit losses when necessary. Finance lease receivables is charged off against the allowance for credit losses after all means of collection have been exhausted and the potential for recovery is considered remote. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company determined no allowance for credit losses was necessary for finance lease receivables.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, finance lease receivables consisted of the following:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (unaudited)     
Minimum lease payments receivable  $360,685   $297,960 
Less: Unearned interest   (124,107)   (80,713)
Financing lease receivables  $236,578   $217,247 
Finance lease receivables, current portion  $150,394   $146,114 
Finance lease receivables, non-current portion  $86,184   $71,133 

 

11

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Future scheduled minimum lease payments for investments in sales-type leases as of December 31, 2023 are as follows:

 

   Minimum
 future
 
   payments
 receivable
 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2024  $194,449 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2025   151,943 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2026   14,293 
Total  $360,685 

 

(i) Property and equipment, net

 

Property and equipment primarily consist of automobiles, leasehold improvements, computers and other equipment, which are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation less any provision required for impairment in value. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method with no residual value based on the estimated useful life. The useful life of property and equipment is summarized as follows:

 

Categories   Useful life
Leasehold improvements   Shorter of the remaining lease terms or estimated useful lives
Computer equipment   2 - 5 years
Office equipment, fixture and furniture   3 - 5 years
Automobiles   3 - 5 years

 

The Company reviews property and equipment for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. An asset is considered impaired if its carrying amount exceeds the future net undiscounted cash flows that the asset is expected to generate. If such asset is considered to be impaired, the impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset, if any, exceeds its fair value determined using a discounted cash flow model. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company did not recognize impairment for property and equipment.

 

Costs of repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred and asset improvements are capitalized. The cost and related accumulated depreciation of assets disposed of or retired are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.

 

(j) Loss per share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to stockholders by the weighted average number of outstanding shares of common stock, adjusted for outstanding shares of common stock that are subject to repurchase.

 

For the calculation of diluted loss per share, net loss attributable to stockholders for basic loss per share is adjusted by the effect of dilutive securities, including share-based awards, under the treasury stock method and convertible securities under the if-converted method. Potentially dilutive securities, of which the amounts are insignificant, have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share if their inclusion is anti-dilutive.

 

As of December 31, 2023, the Company’s dilutive securities from the outstanding series A convertible preferred stock are convertible into approximately 495,706 shares of common stock. This amount is not included in the computation of dilutive loss per share because their impact is anti-dilutive.

 

(k) Derivative liabilities

 

A contract is designated as an asset or a liability and is carried at fair value on the Company’s balance sheet, with any changes in fair value recorded in the Company’s results of operations. The Company then determines which options, warrants and embedded features require liability accounting and records the fair value as a derivative liability. The changes in the values of these instruments are shown in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss as “change in fair value of derivative liabilities”.

 

12

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(l) Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognized its revenue under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606). ASC 606 establishes principles for reporting information about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from the entity’s contracts to provide goods or services to customers. The core principle requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services recognized as performance obligations are satisfied. It also requires the Company to identify contractual performance obligations and determine whether revenue should be recognized at a point in time or over time, based on when control of goods and services transfers to a customer.

 

To achieve that core principle, the Company applies the five steps defined under ASC 606: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer, (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (iii) determine the transaction price, (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

 

The Company accounts for a contract with a customer when the contract is entered into by the parties, the rights of the parties, including payment terms, are identified, the contract has commercial substance and consideration to collect is substantially probable.

 

As of December 31, 2023, the Company had outstanding contracts for automobile transaction and related services amounting to $1,099, which is expected to be completed within twelve months after December 31, 2023.

 

Disaggregated information of revenues by business lines are as follows:

 

   For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine months ended 
   December 31,   December 31, 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Automobile Transaction and Related Services                
Operating lease revenues from automobile rentals  $992,071   $781,210   $3,069,458   $2,570,959 
- Service fees from automobile purchase services   19,122    
    31,354    21,192 
- Service fees from NEVs leasing   12,195    8,606    37,135    30,965 
- Financing revenues   8,412    49,002    33,309    291,675 
- Service fees from automobile management and guarantee services   1,771    8,915    14,961    31,659 
- Revenues from sales of automobiles   
    
    8,822    225,900 
- Other service fees   74,636    82,892    285,414    181,050 
Total revenues from Automobile Transaction and Related Services   1,108,207    930,625    3,480,453    3,353,400 
Online Ride-hailing Platform Services   510,203    810,295    2,059,622    2,970,518 
Total Revenues  $1,618,410   $1,740,920   $5,540,075   $6,323,918 

 

Automobile transaction and related services

 

Operating lease revenues from automobile rentals –The Company generates revenue from sub-leasing automobiles to some online ride-hailing drivers or third-parties and leasing its own automobiles. The Company recognizes revenue wherein an automobile is transferred to the lessees and the lessees has the ability to control the asset, is accounted for under ASC Topic 842. Rental transactions are satisfied over the rental period and is recognized over time. As the operating lease revenue are variable in nature which is based on online ride-hailing drivers or third-parties’ performance for a certain period, the Company recognized the revenue from operating lease by using the output method based on periodic settlement between the Company and the online ride-hailing drivers or third-parties when such revenue is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur. Rental periods are short term in nature, generally are twelve months or less.

 

Service fees from NEVs leasing and automobile purchase services - Services fees from NEVs leasing and automobile purchase services are paid by some lessees who rent new energy electric vehicles from the Company or automobile purchasers for a series of the services provided to them throughout the purchase process such as credit assessment, installment of GPS devices, ride-hailing driver qualification and other administrative procedures. The amount of services fees for NEVs leasing is based on the product solutions while the fees for purchase is based on the sales price of the automobiles and relevant services provided. The Company recognizes revenue at a point in time when above mentioned services are completed, and corresponding an automobile is delivered to the lessee or purchaser. Accounts receivable related to the revenue from NEVs leasing and automobile purchase services is collected upon the automobiles are delivered to lessees or purchaser.

 

Financing revenues - Interest income from the lease arising from the Company’s sales-type leases and bundled lease arrangements are recognized as financing revenues over the lease term based on the effective rate of interest in the lease.

 

13

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Service fees from automobile management and guarantee services – Over 95% of the Company’s customers are online ride-hailing drivers. Some of the drivers sign affiliation agreements with the Company, pursuant to which the Company provides them with management and guarantee services during the affiliation period. Service fees for management and guarantee services are paid by such automobile purchasers on a monthly basis for the management and guarantee services provided during the affiliation period. The Company recognizes revenue over the affiliation period when performance obligations are completed.

 

Sales of automobiles – The Company generated revenue from sales of automobiles to the customers of Hunan Ruixi. The control over the automobile is transferred to the purchaser along with the delivery of automobiles. The amount of the revenue is based on the sale price agreed by Hunan Ruixi and the customers. The Company recognizes revenues when an automobile is delivered and control is transferred to the purchaser at a point in time. Accounts receivable related to the revenue are being collected within 12 months.

 

Online ride-hailing platform services

 

The Company generates revenue from providing services to online ride-hailing drivers (“Drivers”) to assist them in providing transportation services to riders (“Riders”) looking for taxi/ride-hailing services. The Company earns commissions for each completed ride in an amount equal to the difference between an upfront quoted fare and the amount earned by a Driver based on actual time and distance for the ride charged to the Rider. As a result, the Company bears a single performance obligation in the transaction of connecting Drivers with Riders to facilitate the completion of a successful transportation service for Riders. The Company recognizes revenue upon completion of a ride as the single performance obligation is satisfied and the Company has the right to receive payment for the services rendered upon the completion of the ride. The Company evaluates the presentation of revenue on a gross or net basis based on whether it controls the service provided to the Rider and is the principal (i.e., “gross”), or it arranges for other parties to provide the service to the Rider and is an agent (i.e., “net”). Since the Company is not primarily responsible for ride-hailing services provided to Riders, it does not have discretion in establishing the price of the online ride-hailing service and inventory risk related to the services as the Company earns commissions for each completed order as the difference between an upfront quote fare and the amount earned by a driver based on actual time and distance for ride charged to the rider. Thus, the Company recognizes revenue at a net basis.

 

Leases - Lessor

 

The Company recognized revenue as lessor in accordance with ASC 842. The two primary accounting provisions the Company uses to classify transactions as sales-type or operating leases are: (i) a review of the lease term to determine if it is for the major part of the economic life of the underlying equipment (defined as greater than 75)%; and (ii) a review of the present value of the lease payments to determine if they are equal to or greater than substantially all of the fair market value of the equipment at the inception of the lease (defined as greater than 90)%. Automobiles included in arrangements meeting these conditions are accounted for as sales-type leases. Interest income from the lease is recognized in financing revenues over the lease term. Automobile included in arrangements that do not meet these conditions are accounted for as operating leases and revenue is recognized over the term of the lease.

 

The Company excludes from the measurement of its lease revenues any tax assessed by a governmental authority that is both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected from a customer.

 

The Company considers the economic life of most of the automobiles to be three to five years, since this represents the most common long-term lease term for its automobiles and the automobiles will be used for online ride-hailing services. The Company believes three to five years is representative of the period during which an automobile is expected to be economically usable, with normal service, for the purpose for which it is intended.

 

The Company’s lease pricing interest rates, which are used in determining customer payments in a bundled lease arrangement, are developed based upon the local prevailing rates in the marketplace where its customer will be able to obtain an automobile loan under similar terms from the bank. The Company reassesses its pricing interest rates quarterly based on changes in the local prevailing rates in the marketplace. As of December 31, 2023, the Company’s pricing interest rate was 6.0% per annum.

 

14

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(m) Significant risks and uncertainties

 

1) Credit risk

 

a.Assets that potentially subject the Company to significant concentration of credit risk primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents. The maximum exposure of these assets to credit risk is their carrying amounts as of the balance sheet dates. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, approximately $198,000 and $79,000, respectively, were deposited with a bank in the United States which is insured by the U.S. government up to $250,000. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, approximately $826,000 and $1,190,000, respectively, were deposited in financial institutions located in mainland China, which were insured by the government authority. Under the Deposit Insurance System in China, an enterprise’s deposits at one bank are insured for a maximum of approximately $70,000 (RMB500,000). To limit exposure to credit risk relating to deposits, the Company primarily places cash deposits with large financial institutions in China which management believes are of high credit quality.

 

The Company’s operations are carried out entirely in mainland China. Accordingly, the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations may be influenced by the social, political, economic and legal environments in the PRC as well as by the general state of the PRC economy. In addition, the Company’s business may be influenced by changes in PRC government laws, rules and policies with respect to, among other matters, anti-inflationary measures, currency conversion and remittance of currency outside of China, rates and methods of taxation and other factors.

 

b.In measuring the credit risk of accounts receivable due from the automobile purchasers (the “customers”), the Company mainly reflects the “probability of default” by the customer on its contractual obligations and considers the current financial position of the customer and the risk exposures to the customer and its likely future development.

 

Historically, most of the automobile purchasers would pay the Company their previously defaulted amounts within one to three months. As a result, the Company would provide full provisions on accounts receivable if the customers default on repayments for over three months. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company did not record allowance for credit losses against accounts receivable.

 

2)Foreign currency risk

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, substantially all of the Company’s operating activities and major assets and liabilities, except for the cash deposit of approximately $198,000 and $79,000, respectively, in U.S. dollars, are denominated in RMB, which are not freely convertible into foreign currencies. All foreign exchange transactions take place through either the People’s Bank of China (the “PBOC”) or other authorized financial institutions at exchange rates quoted by PBOC. Approval of foreign currency payments by the PBOC or other regulatory institutions requires a payment application together with invoices and signed contracts. The value of RMB is subject to change in central government policies and international economic and political developments affecting supply and demand in the China Foreign Exchange Trading System market. When there is a significant change in value of RMB, the gains and losses resulting from translation of financial statements of a foreign subsidiary will be significantly affected. RMB depreciated from 6.87 RMB into US$1.00 on March 31, 2023 to 7.10 RMB into US$1.00 on December 31, 2023.

 

(n) Recent accounting pronouncements not yet adopted

 

In March 2023, the FASB issued new accounting guidance, ASU 2023-01, for leasehold improvements associated with common control leases, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for both interim and annual financial statements that have not yet been made available for issuance. The new guidance introduced two issues: terms and conditions to be considered with leases between related parties under common control and accounting for leasehold improvements. The goals for the new issues are to reduce the cost associated with implementing and applying Topic 842 and to promote diversity in practice by entities within the scope when applying lease accounting requirements. ASU 2023-01 is effective for the Company for annual and interim reporting periods beginning April 1, 2024. The Company is currently evaluating the impact ASU 2023-01 may have on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

15

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

In October 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-06, Disclosure Improvements — codification amendments in response to SEC’s disclosure Update and Simplification initiative which amend the disclosure or presentation requirements of codification subtopic 230-10 Statement of Cash Flows—Overall, 250-10 Accounting Changes and Error Corrections— Overall, 260-10 Earnings Per Share— Overall, 270-10 Interim Reporting— Overall, 440-10 Commitments—Overall, 470-10 Debt—Overall, 505-10 Equity—Overall, 815-10 Derivatives and Hedging—Overall, 860-30 Transfers and Servicing—Secured Borrowing and Collateral, 932-235 Extractive Activities— Oil and Gas—Notes to Financial Statements, 946-20 Financial Services— Investment Companies— Investment Company Activities, and 974-10 Real Estate—Real Estate Investment Trusts—Overall. The amendments represent changes to clarify or improve disclosure and presentation requirements of above subtopics. Many of the amendments allow users to more easily compare entities subject to the SEC’s existing disclosures with those entities that were not previously subject to the SEC’s requirements. Also, the amendments align the requirements in the Codification with the SEC’s regulations. For entities subject to existing SEC disclosure requirements or those that must provide financial statements to the SEC for securities purposes without contractual transfer restrictions, the effective date aligns with the date when the SEC removes the related disclosure from Regulation S-X or Regulation S-K. Early adoption is not allowed. For all other entities, the amendments will be effective two years later from the date of the SEC’s removal. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the update on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, which is an update to Topic 280, Segment Reporting. The amendments in this Update improve financial reporting by requiring disclosure of incremental segment information on an annual and interim basis for all public entities to enable investors to develop more decision-useful financial analyses. The amendments in this update: (1) require that a public entity disclose, on an annual and interim basis, significant segment expenses that are regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker (CODM) and included within each reported measure of segment profit or loss (collectively referred to as the “significant expense principle”), (2) Require that a public entity disclose, on an annual and interim basis, an amount for other segment items by reportable segment and a description of its composition. The other segment items category is the difference between segment revenue less the segment expenses disclosed under the significant expense principle and each reported measure of segment profit or loss, (3) Require that a public entity provide all annual disclosures about a reportable segment’s profit or loss and assets currently required by Topic 280 in interim periods, and (4) Clarify that if the CODM uses more than one measure of a segment’s profit or loss in assessing segment performance and deciding how to allocate resources, a public entity may report one or more of those additional measures of segment profit. However, at least one of the reported segment profit or loss measures (or the single reported measure, if only one is disclosed) should be the measure that is most consistent with the measurement principles used in measuring the corresponding amounts in the public entity’s consolidated financial statements. In other words, in addition to the measure that is most consistent with the measurement principles under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), a public entity is not precluded from reporting additional measures of a segment’s profit or loss that are used by the CODM in assessing segment performance and deciding how to allocate resources, (5) Require that a public entity disclose the title and position of the CODM and an explanation of how the CODM uses the reported measure(s) of segment profit or loss in assessing segment performance and deciding how to allocate resources, and (6) Require that a public entity that has a single reportable segment provide all the disclosures required by the amendments in this Update and all existing segment disclosures in Topic 280. The amendments in this Update also do not change how a public entity identifies its operating segments, aggregates those operating segments, or applies the quantitative thresholds to determine its reportable segments. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. A public entity should apply the amendments in this Update retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Upon transition, the segment expense categories and amounts disclosed in the prior periods should be based on the significant segment expense categories identified and disclosed in the period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the update on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, which is an update to Topic 740, Income Taxes. The amendments in this update related to the rate reconciliation and income taxes paid disclosures improve the transparency of income tax disclosures by requiring (1) consistent categories and greater disaggregation of information in the rate reconciliation and (2) income taxes paid disaggregated by jurisdiction. The amendments allow investors to better assess, in their capital allocation decisions, how an entity’s worldwide operations and related tax risks and tax planning and operational opportunities affect its income tax rate and prospects for future cash flows. 5 The other amendments in this Update improve the effectiveness and comparability of disclosures by (1) adding disclosures of pretax income (or loss) and income tax expense (or benefit) to be consistent with U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Regulation S-X 210.4-08(h), Rules of General Application—General Notes to Financial Statements: Income Tax Expense, and (2) removing disclosures that no longer are considered cost beneficial or relevant. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. For entities other than public business entities, the amendments are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2025. Early adoption is permitted for annual financial statements that have not yet been issued or made available for issuance. The amendments in this Update should be applied on a prospective basis. Retrospective application is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the update on Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

16

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(o) Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

 

The Company considers the applicability and impact of all accounting standards updates (“ASUs”). Management periodically reviews new accounting standards that are issued. Under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012, as amended (the “JOBS Act”), the Company meets the definition of an emerging growth company and has elected the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards, which delays the adoption of these accounting standards until they would apply to private companies.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued new accounting guidance ASU 2016-13 for recognition of credit losses on financial instruments, which is effective January 1, 2020, with early adoption permitted on January 1, 2019. The guidance introduces a new credit reserving model known as the Current Expected Credit Loss (“CECL”) model, which is based on expected losses, and differs significantly from the incurred loss approach used today. The CECL model requires measurement of expected credit losses not only based on historical experience and current conditions, but also by including reasonable and supportable forecasts incorporating forward-looking information and will likely result in earlier recognition of credit reserves. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-10, which is to update the effective date of ASU No. 2016-13 for private companies, not-for-profit organizations and certain smaller reporting companies applying for credit losses standard. The new effective date for these preparers is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has adopted this update on April 1, 2023, and the adoption does not have material impact on Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

CECL adoption will have broad impact on the financial statements of financial services firms, which will affect key profitability and solvency measures. Some of the more notable expected changes include:

 

-Higher allowance on financial guarantee reserve and finance lease receivable levels and related deferred tax assets. While different asset types will be impacted differently, the expectation is that reserve levels will generally increase across the board for all financial firms.

 

-Increased reserve levels may lead to a reduction in capital levels.

 

-As a result of higher reserving levels, the expectation is that CECL will reduce cyclicality in financial firms’ results, as higher reserving in “good times” will mean that less dramatic reserve increases will be loan related income (which will continue to be recognized on a periodic basis based on the effective interest method) and the related credit losses (which will be recognized up front at origination). This will make periods of loan expansion seem less profitable due to the immediate recognition of expected credit losses. Periods of stable or declining loan levels will look comparatively profitable as the income trickles in for loans, where losses had been previously recognized.

 

Although the Company has automobile financing business, the Company reserves the allowance for doubtful account such as accounts receivable balance based on historical collection rate, current economic environment, and credit worthy of specific customers, along with individual assessment on specific accounts. As these approvals are aligned with the CECL model, the Company does not believe the adoption of CECL model have material impact on Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. Further, The Company does not believe other recently issued but not yet effective accounting standards, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial position, statements of operations and cash flows of the Company.

 

17

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

4. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

 

Discontinued operations- Online P2P lending services

 

On October 17, 2019, the Board approved the plan under which the Company has discontinued and is winding down its online P2P lending services business (the “Plan”). The Company determined that the operation of its online P2P lending services business was not viable in light of the tightened regulations on online peer-to-peer lending in China generally and the unofficial request from local regulator to reduce the Company’s online peer-to-peer lending transaction volume on a monthly basis. The Company also determined that the discontinuation of its online P2P lending services business would allow the Company to focus its resources on its automobile financing facilitation and transaction business. In connection with the Plan, the Company ceased facilitation of loan transactions on its online lending platform and assumed all the outstanding loans from investors on the platform. The decision and action taken by the Company of discontinuing the online lending services business represented a major shift that had a major effect on the Company’s operations and financial results, which triggers discontinued operations accounting in accordance with ASC 205-20-45.

 

The fair value of discontinued operations, determined as of October 17, 2019, includes estimated consideration expected to be received, less costs to sell. After consideration of the determination of fair value of the discontinued operations including the assumption of all the outstanding loans from investors on the platform, $143,668 of accounts receivable, $3,760,599 of other receivables, and $143,943 of prepayments for impaired intangible assets were indicated as of the date the Company’s Board of Directors approved the Plan on October 17, 2019, and the Company recognized $4,048,210 provision for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2019 related to the Company’s online lending services business, while the Company did not recognize any additional provision for doubtful accounts for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023.

 

The following table sets forth the reconciliation of the carrying amounts of major classes liabilities from discontinued operations of Online P2P lending services in unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2023 and consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2023.

 

Carrying amounts of major classes of liabilities included as part of discontinued operations of Online P2P lending services:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Current liabilities        
Accrued expenses and other liabilities  $471,868   $487,829 

 

5. ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

 

Accounts receivable include a portion of bundled lease arrangements on fixed minimum monthly payments to be paid by the automobile purchasers arising from automobile sales and services fees, net of unearned interest income, discounted using the Company’s lease pricing interest rates. It also includes online ride-hailing services fees due from online ride-hailing drivers and rental receivables due from operating lessees.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, accounts receivable were comprised of the following:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Receivables of automobile sales due from automobile purchasers  $10,599   $76,106 
Receivables of online ride hailing fees from online ride-hailing drivers   9,797    51,290 
Receivables of operating lease   30,424    31,039 
Less: Allowance for credit losses   
    
 
Accounts receivable  $50,820   $158,435 

 

18

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Movement of allowance for credit losses for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and for the year ended March 31, 2023 are as follows:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Beginning balance  $
            —
   $112,905 
Addition   
    3,394 
Write off   
    (107,868)
Translation adjustment   
    (8,431)
Ending balance  $
   $
 

 

6. INVENTORIES

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Automobiles (i)  $
   $6,678 

 

 

(i)As of March 31, 2023, the Company owned an automobile with a total value of $6,678, net of impairment, for sale or sales-type leases.

 

For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the Company recognized impairments of $0 and $3,085, respectively for certain automobiles for sale.

 

7. PREPAYMENTS, OTHER RECEIVABLES AND OTHER ASSETS, NET

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the prepayments, other receivables and other assets, net were comprised of the following:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Deposits (i)  $629,978   $679,794 
Prepaid expenses (ii)   227,119    334,297 
Receivables from aggregation platforms (iii)   329,648    271,791 
Value added tax (“VAT”) recoverable (iv)   37,730    86,051 
Due from automobile purchasers, net (v)   4,721    45,489 
Employee advances   6,798    11,482 
Others   20,437    9,339 
Total prepayments, other receivables and other assets, net  $1,256,431   $1,438,243 

 

 

(i)Deposits

 

The balance of deposits mainly represented the security deposit made by the Company to various automobile leasing companies, financial institutions and Didi Chuxing Technology Co., Ltd., who runs an online ride-hailing platform.

 

(ii)Prepaid expense

 

The balance of prepaid expense represented automobile liability insurance premium for automobiles for operating lease and other miscellaneous expense such as office lease, office remodel expense, etc. that will expire within one year.

 

19

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

(iii)Receivables from aggregation platforms

 

The balance of receivables from aggregation platforms represented the amount due from the collaborated aggregation platforms based on the confirmed billings, which will be disbursed to the drivers who completed their rides through the Company’s online ride-hailing platform.

 

(iv)Value added tax (“VAT”) recoverable

 

The balance represented the amount of VAT, which resulted from historical purchasing activities and could be further used for deducting future VAT in PRC.

 

(v)Due from automobile purchasers, net

 

The balance due from automobile purchasers represented the payments of automobiles and related insurances and taxes made on behalf of the automobile purchasers. The balance is expected to be collected from the automobile purchasers in installments.

 

During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company did not record nor recover allowance against the balance from automobile purchasers.

 

8. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment consist of the following:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Leasehold improvements  $177,221   $183,216 
Computer equipment   34,958    37,932 
Office equipment, fixtures and furniture   79,219    78,372 
Automobiles   4,795,211    4,679,927 
Subtotal   5,086,609    4,979,447 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization   (2,126,956)   (1,635,990)
Total property and equipment, net  $2,959,653   $3,343,457 

 

Depreciation expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 were amounted to $243,988 and $702,555, respectively.

 

Depreciation expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022 were amounted to $266,998 and $873,480, respectively.

 

9. INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET

 

Intangible assets consisted of the following:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Software  $791,962   $793,381 
Online ride-hailing platform operating licenses   427,111    441,557 
Subtotal   1,219,073    1,234,938 
Less: accumulated amortization   (583,056)   (460,614)
Total intangible assets, net  $636,017   $774,324 

 

20

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 were amounted to $42,210 and $129,531, respectively. Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022 were amounted to $34,814 and $128,538, respectively.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s amortization expense for the next five years ending:

 

   Amortization
expenses
 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2024  $166,660 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2025   131,407 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2026   87,113 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2027   77,430 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2028   77,430 
Thereafter   95,977 
Total  $636,017 

 

10. OTHER NON-CURRENT ASSETS

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Prepayments of automobiles purchased (i)  $650,713   $716,407 

 

 

(i)In September 2022 and March 2023, the Company entered into two automobile purchase agreements (“Purchase Agreements”) with two third parties to purchase a total of 150 automobiles which amounted to $2,301,261. As of December 31, 2023, 50 automobiles have been delivered to the Company and the Company has made prepayments of $650,713 towards the remaining purchase pertaining to the Purchase Agreements. The Company expects to complete the remaining purchase by December 31, 2024.

 

11. BORROWINGS FROM A FINANCIAL INSTITUTION

 

      Interest   December 31,   March 31, 
Bank name  Maturity date  rate   2023   2023 
WeBank*  09/11/2025   12.24%  $253,524   $
 
SDIC Taikang Trust Co. Ltd  Fully Repaid on
August 31, 2023
   13.04%   
    8,813 
Total          $253,524   $8,813 
Borrowing from a financial institution, current          $144,871   $8,813 
Borrowing from a financial institution, non-current          $108,653   $
 

 

 

*On September 11, 2023, the Company entered into a loan agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with WeBank for a total amount of $253,524. Pursuant to the Loan Agreement, the borrowing bears an interest rate of 12.24% per annum with monthly repayments consist of principal and interest for two years. As of December 31, 2023, the current portion of the loan principal balance to be repaid within the next twelve months was amounted to $144,871, while the noncurrent portion of the loan principal to be repaid after December 31, 2024 was amounted to $108,653.

 

The total interest expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 was $7,852 and $10,610, respectively. The interest expense for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022 was $6,975.

 

21

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

12. ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER LIABILITIES

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Accrued payroll and welfare  $1,836,230   $1,636,092 
Payables to drivers from aggregation platforms (i)   1,139,905    1,103,892 
Deposits (ii)   724,475    730,002 
Accrued expenses   430,341    226,721 
Payables for expenditures on automobile transaction and related services (iii)   32,156    31,719 
Other taxes payable   80,409    83,432 
Loan repayments received on behalf of financial institutions   4,097    16,130 
Other payables   70,619    37,348 
Total accrued expenses and other liabilities   4,318,232    3,865,336 
Total accrued expenses and other liabilities – discontinued operations   (471,868)   (487,829)
Total accrued expenses and other liabilities – continuing operations  $3,846,364   $3,377,507 

 

 

(i)Payables to drivers from aggregation platforms

 

The balance of payables to drivers from aggregation platforms represented the amount the Company collected on behalf of drivers who completed their transaction through the Company’s online ride-hailing platform base on the confirmed billings.

 

(ii)Deposits

 

The balance of deposits represented the security deposit from operating and finance lease customers to cover lease payment and related automobile expense in case the customers’ accounts are in default. The balance is refundable at the end of the lease term, after deducting any missed lease payment and applicable fee.

 

(iii)Payables for expenditures on automobile transaction and related services

 

The balance of payables for expenditures on automobile transaction and related services represented the payables balance to the miscellaneous expenses related to the daily operations of automobiles.

 

13. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN

 

The Company has made employee benefit plan in accordance with relevant PRC regulations, including retirement insurance, unemployment insurance, medical insurance, housing fund, work injury insurance and maternity insurance.

 

The contributions made by the Company were $67,565 and $219,100 for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, respectively, from operations of the Company. The contributions made by the Company were $107,638 and $338,279 for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, respectively, for the Company’s operations.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company did not make adequate employee benefit contributions in the amount of $1,139,747 and $1,086,526, respectively.

 

14. EQUITY

 

Warrants

 

IPO Warrants

 

The registration statement relating to the Company’s initial public offering also included the underwriters’ common stock purchase warrants to purchase 33,794 (337,940 pre reverse split) shares of common stock (“IPO Underwriter’s Warrants”). Each five-year warrant entitles warrant holder to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at the price of $48.0 ($4.80 before reverse split) per share and is not exercisable for a period of 180 days from March 16, 2018. As of December 31, 2023, the remaining 3,794 warrants of the Company’s initial public offering has been forfeited due to expiration.

 

22

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Warrants in Offerings

 

The Company adopted the provisions of ASC 815 on determining what types of instruments or embedded features in an instrument held by a reporting entity can be considered indexed to its own stock for the purpose of evaluating the first criteria of the scope exception in ASC 815. Warrants issued in connection with the direct equity offering with exercise prices denominated in US dollars are no longer considered indexed to the Company’s stock, as their exercise prices are not in the Company’s functional currency (RMB), and therefore no longer qualify for the scope exception and must be accounted for as a derivative. These warrants are classified as liabilities under the caption “Derivative liabilities” in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of balance sheets and recorded at estimated fair value at each reporting date, computed using the Black-Scholes valuation model. Changes in the liability from period to period are recorded in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss under the caption “Change in fair value of derivative liabilities.”

 

2019 Registered Direct Offering Warrants

 

As of March 31, 2023, there were 16,841 2019 registered direct offering warrants outstanding with fair value of $6. During the nine months ended December 31, 2023, the Company has forfeited the remaining 16,841 2019 registered direct offering warrants as it expired. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the change of fair value was a gain of $524 and $12,220 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2022, respectively.

 

August 2020 Underwriters’ Warrants

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, there were 31,808 underwriters’ warrants outstanding. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the change of fair value was a gain of $774 and $7,577 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2023, respectively. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the change of fair value was a gain of $1,180 and $34,526 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2022, respectively. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the fair value of the derivative instrument totaled $873 and $8,450, respectively.

 

February 2021 Registered Direct Offering Warrants

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, there were 53,262 February 2021 registered direct offering warrants outstanding. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the change of fair value was a gain of $986 and $10,266 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2023, respectively. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the change of fair value was a gain of $1,952 and $51,581 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2022, respectively. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the fair value of the derivative instrument totaled $1,225 and $11,491, respectively.

 

May 2021 Registered Direct Offering Warrants

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, there were 594,682 May 2021 registered direct offering warrants outstanding. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the change of fair value was a gain of $15,942 and $148,067 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2023. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the change of fair value was a gain of $4,974 and $634,040 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2022. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the fair value of the derivative instrument totaled $26,041 and $174,108, respectively.

 

23

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

November 2021 Private Placement Warrants

 

Pursuant to November 2021 Investors Warrants, if at any time and from time to time on or after the issuance date there occurs any stock split, stock dividend, stock combination recapitalization or other similar transaction involving the Common Stock (“Stock Combination Event”) and the Event Market Price (which is defined as with respect to any Stock Combination Event date, the quotient determined by dividing (x) the sum of the VWAP of the Common Stock for each of the five (5) lowest trading days during the twenty (20) consecutive trading day period ending and including the trading day immediately preceding the sixteenth (16th) trading day after such Stock Combination Event date, divided by (y) five (5)) is less than the original exercise price of $0.82 then in effect, then on the sixteenth (16th) trading day immediately following such Stock Combination Event, the exercise price then in effect on such sixteenth (16th) trading day shall be reduced (but in no event increased) to the event market price. As the 1-for-10 reverse stock split on the Company’s common stock became effective on April 6, 2022, the exercise price of the November 2021 Investors Warrants was adjusted to $1.13, the Event Market Price and the total number of shares of the November 2021 Investors Warrants was adjusted to 5,335,763.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, there were 5,365,911 for November 2021 Private Placement Warrants outstanding. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the change of fair value was a gain of $28,486 and $244,111 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities, respectively. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the change of fair value was a loss of $21,927 and a gain of $909,283 recognized in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss based on the decrease in fair value of the liabilities since March 31, 2022. On November 18, 2022, a holder of November 2021 private placement warrants exercised the warrants on a “cashless” basis. Upon exercise of above-mentioned warrants, the Company reduced the fair value of the warrants and increased the additional paid in capital by $1,533. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the fair value of the derivative instrument totaled $63,616 and $307,727, respectively

 

           Weighted   Average 
           Average   Remaining 
   Warrants   Warrants   Exercise   Contractual 
   Outstanding   Exercisable   Price   Life 
Balance, March 31, 2022   6,091,298    6,091,298   $2.28    4.32 
Exercised   (25,000)   (25,000)   
    
 
Balance, March 31, 2023   6,066,298    6,066,298   $2.29    3.56 
Forfeited   (20,635)   (20,635)   
    
 
Balance, December 31, 2023 (unaudited)   6,045,663    6,045,663   $2.25    2.80 

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

On October 29, 2020, the Board approved the issuance of an aggregate of 127,273 restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to directors, officers and certain employees as stock compensation for their services for the nine months ended December 31, 2022. Total RSUs granted to these directors, officers and employees were valued at an aggregate fair value of $140,000. These RSUs will vest in four equal quarterly installments on January 29, 2021, April 29, 2021, July 29, 2021 and October 29, 2021 or in full upon the occurrence of a change in control of the Company, provided that the director, officer or the employee remains in service through the applicable vesting date. The RSUs will be settled by the Company’s issuance of shares of common stock in certificated or uncertificated form upon the earlier of (i) vesting date, (ii) a change in control and (ii) termination of the services of the director, officer or employee due to a “separation of service” within the meaning of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the death or disability of such director, officer or employee. As of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, all installment of RSUs with an aggregate of 12,727 (127,273 pre reverse split) was vested and 9,545 (95,457 pre reverse split) was settled by the Company. The Company expects to settle the remaining vested RSUs by issuance of shares of common stock before March 31, 2024 and account for the vested RSUs as an addition to both expenses and additional paid-in capital.

 

24

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Equity Incentive Plan

 

At the 2018 Annual Meeting of Stockholders of the Company held on November 8, 2018, the Company’s stockholders approved the Company’s 2018 Equity Incentive Plan for employees, officers, directors and consultants of the Company and its affiliates. At the 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders of Company held on March 30, 2023, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment to the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved under the Plan to 1,500,000 shares. A committee consisting of at least two independent directors would be appointed by the Board or in the absence of such a committee, the board of directors, will be responsible for the general administration of the Equity Incentive Plan. All awards granted under the Equity Incentive Plan will be governed by separate award agreements between the Company and the participants. As of December 31, 2023, the Company has granted an aggregate of 30,379 RSUs and issued an aggregate of 26,447 shares under the Equity Incentive Plan and 750 RSUs were forfeited due to two directors ceased to serve on the board of the Company since November 8, 2018.

 

1-for-10 shares reverse split on common stock

 

The Company considered the above transactions after giving a retroactive effect to a 1-for-10 reverse stock split of its common stock which became effective on April 6, 2022. The Company believed it is appropriate to reflect the above transactions on a retroactive basis similar to those after a stock split or dividend pursuant to ASC 260. All shares and per share amounts used herein and in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been retroactively stated to reflect the effect of the reverse stock split. Upon execution of the 1-for-10 reverse stock split, the Company recognized additional 8,402 shares of common stock due to round up issue.

 

Conversion Price Adjustment for November 2021 Preferred Shares

 

Pursuant to the Certificate of Designation for the series A convertible preferred stock signed by the Company and certain institutional investors in November 2021 Private Placement, the initial conversion price of the series A Convertible Preferred Shares was $0.68. If as of the applicable date the conversion price then in effect is greater than the greater of (1) $0.41 (the “floor Price”) (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, stock combinations, recapitalizations and similar events) and (2) 85% of the closing bid price on the applicable date (the “Adjustment Price”), the conversion price shall automatically lower to the Adjustment Price accordingly. As the 1-for-10 reverse stock split on the Company’s Common Stock became effective on April 6, 2022, the conversion price of the Preferred Shares was adjusted to $4.1. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, there were 991 and 1,641 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock outstanding, respectively, valued at $234,364 and $269,386, recorded as mezzanine equity. As of December 31, 2023, 4,009 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock were converted into 1,871,125 shares of the Company’s common stock. Further, on August 9, 2022, the Company and the investors agreed to reduce the conversion price of the series A Convertible Preferred Shares from $4.10 to $2.00 and to increase the number of the shares of common stock that are available to be issued upon conversion of the Preferred Shares from 1,092,683 to 2,240,000.

 

Common stock issued for consulting services

 

In October 2023, the Company entered into three different consulting and services agreements (the “Consulting Agreements”) with three consultants (the “Consultants”), pursuant to which the Company engaged the Consultant to provide certain merger and acquisition consulting service, market research and business development advisory services, and financial consulting services, respectively. As compensation for the services, the Company agreed to issue the Consultants an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares of its common stock, par value $0.0001. The Company recognized the non-employee share-based payment equity awards by using the grant-date fair values at the time of signing agreement. On November 7, 2023, the issuance of 1,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock has been completed and the Company recorded $444,300 service expense during the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023.

 

15. INCOME TAXES

 

The United States of America

 

The Company is incorporated in the State of Nevada in the U.S., and is subject to U.S. federal corporate income taxes with tax rate of 21%. The State of Nevada does not impose any state corporate income tax.

 

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act imposes a one-time transition tax on deemed repatriation of historical earnings of foreign subsidiaries, and future foreign earnings are subject to U.S. taxation. The Tax Act also stablished the Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (GILTI), a new inclusion rule affecting non-routine income earned by foreign subsidiaries. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company’s foreign subsidiaries in China were operating at loss and as such, did not record a liability for GILTI tax.

 

25

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The Company’s net operating loss for U.S. income taxes from U.S for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 amounted to approximately $1.3 million and $0.4 million respectively. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company’s net operating loss carryforward for U.S. income taxes was approximately $8.5 million and $7.1 million, respectively. The net operating loss carryforward will not expire and is available to reduce future years’ taxable income, but limited to 80% of income until utilized. Management believes that the utilization of the benefit from this loss appears uncertain due to the Company’s operating history. Accordingly, the Company has recorded a 100% valuation allowance on the deferred tax asset to reduce the deferred tax assets to zero on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, valuation allowances for deferred tax assets related to net operating loss carry forward for U.S. income taxes were approximately $1.8 million and $1.5 million, respectively. Management reviews the valuation allowance periodically and makes changes accordingly.

 

PRC

 

Senmiao Consulting, Sichuan Senmiao, Hunan Ruixi, Ruixi Leasing, Yicheng, Corenel, Jiekai and XXTX and its subsidiaries are subject to PRC Enterprise Income Tax (“EIT”) on the taxable income in accordance with the relevant PRC income tax laws. The EIT rate for companies operating in the PRC is 25%. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, no income taxes was recorded in those PRC companies.

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company’s PRC entities from continuing operations had net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $10.5 million and $9.6 million, respectively, which will expire starting from 2025 and ending in 2027. In addition, allowance for credit losses must be approved by the Chinese tax authority prior to being deducted as an expense item on the tax return. The bad debt allowances are incurred in Company’s PRC subsidiaries and former VIEs which were operating at losses, the Company believes it is more likely than not that its PRC operations will be unable to fully utilize its deferred tax assets related to the net operating loss carryforwards in the PRC. As a result, the Company provided 100% allowance on all deferred tax assets on net operating loss carryforwards in the PRC of $2,552,212 and $2,403,785 related to its continuing operations in the PRC as of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, respectively and provided 100% allowance on all deferred tax assets on allowance for credit losses of $560,215 and $402,599 related to its continuing operations in the PRC as of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, respectively.

 

The tax effects of temporary differences from continuing operations that give rise to the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Deferred Tax Assets        
Net operating loss carryforwards in the PRC  $2,552,212   $2,403,785 
Net operating loss carryforwards in the U.S.   1,775,306    1,499,607 
Allowance for credit losses   560,215    402,599 
Less: valuation allowance   (4,887,733)   (4,305,991)
Deferred tax assets, net  $
   $
 
Deferred tax liabilities:          
Capitalized intangible assets cost  $41,525   $42,930 
Deferred tax liabilities, net  $41,525   $42,930 

 

26

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company’s PRC entities associated with discontinued operations had net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $1.9 million and $1.9 million, respectively which will start to expire from 2024 to 2027. Meanwhile, net operating loss carry forward as of December 31, 2023 in the PRC from discontinued operations was reduced due to certain adjustments by PRC tax authorities. In addition, allowance for credit losses must be approved by the Chinese tax authority prior to being deducted as an expense item on the tax return. The Company reviews deferred tax assets for a valuation allowance based upon whether it is more likely than not that the deferred tax asset will not be fully realized. As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, full valuation allowance is provided against the deferred tax assets related to the Company’s discontinued operations based upon management’s assessment as to their realization.

 

The tax effects of temporary differences from discontinued operations that give rise to the Company’s deferred tax assets are as follows:

 

   December 31,
2023
   March 31,
2023
 
   (Unaudited)     
Net operating loss carry forwards in the PRC  $463,692   $479,377 
Less: valuation allowance   (463,692)   (479,377)
Total  $
   $
 

 

16. CONCENTRATION

 

Major Suppliers

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2023, five suppliers accounted for approximately 20.8%, 14.3%, 14.0%, 12.4%, and 10.4% of the total costs of revenue from operations of the Company. For the nine months ended December 31, 2023, four suppliers accounted for approximately 21.3%, 13.5%, 12.4%, and 11.4% of the total cost of revenues.

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2022, three suppliers accounted for approximately 19.7%, 12.0% and 11.8% of the total costs of revenue. For the nine months ended December 31, 2022, two suppliers accounted for approximately 20.3% and 12.0% of the total cost of revenues.

 

17. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS AND BALANCES

 

1. Related Party Balances

 

1) Accounts receivable, a related party

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, accounts receivable from a related party amounted to $5,493 and $6,312, respectively, represented balance due from operating lease revenue recognized from Jinkailong, the Company’s equity investee company.

 

2) Due from related parties

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, balances due from related parties from the Company’s operations were comprised of the following:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Total due from related parties  $6,550,255   $6,610,156 
Less: Allowance for credit losses   (2,115,735)   (1,481,036)
Due from related parties, net  $4,434,520   $5,129,120 
Due from related parties, net, current portion  $2,512,079   $1,488,914 
Due from a related party, net, non-current portion  $1,922,441   $3,640,206 

 

27

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

As of December 31, 2023, balances due from Jinkailong, the Company’s equity investee company of $4,406,565, net of allowance for credit losses, of which, $1,922,441 is to be repaid over a period from January 2025 to December 2026, which was classified as due from a related party, net, non-current. The balances due from Jinkailong consist of outstanding balance of $3,891,628 as a result of Jinkailong’s deconsolidation on March 31, 2022 and $514,937 represents revenue collected by Jinkailong on behalf of the Company’s subsidiary, Jiekai.

 

As of March 31, 2023, balances due from Jinkailong of $5,106,100, represented balance due from Jinkailong as result of Jinkailong’s deconsolidation on March 31, 2022, of which, $3,640,206 is to be repaid over a period from April 2024 to December 2026, which was classified as due from a related party, non-current.

 

Movement of allowance for credit losses due from Jinkailong for December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023 are as follows:

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Beginning balance  $1,481,036   $
 
Addition   680,396    1,484,495 
Translation adjustment   (45,697)   (3,459)
Ending balance  $2,115,735   $1,481,036 

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, balance due from Youlu, the Company’s former VIE as result of Youlu’s deconsolidation in March 2022 were amounted to $27,955 and $23,020, respectively.

 

3) Due to a related party

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Loan payable to a related party (i)  $386   $8,667 

 

 

(i)As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the balances represented borrowings from Xi Wen, the CEO of the Company, of which, $386 and $8,667 are unsecured, interest free and due on demand, respectively.

 

4) Operating lease right-of-use assets, net, related parties and Operating lease liabilities - related parties

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Lease I (i)  $267,324   $
 
Lease II (ii)   57,777    92,916 
Total Operating lease right-of-use assets - related parties  $325,101   $92,916 

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Lease I (i)  $277,889   $82,069 
Lease II (ii)   41,434    61,393 
Total Operating lease liabilities, current - related parties  $319,323   $143,462 

 

28

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   December 31,   March 31, 
   2023   2023 
   (Unaudited)     
Lease I (i)  $150,935   $
 
Lease II (ii)   10,440    42,247 
Total Operating lease liabilities, non-current - related parties  $161,375   $42,247 

 

 

(i)On March 31, 2023, the Company entered into two office lease agreements with Hong Li, supervisor of Sichuan Senmiao, with a leasing term from April 1, 2023 to March 31, 2026. On March 1, 2021, the Company entered into an office lease which was set to expire on February 1, 2026. On April 1, 2021, the Company entered into another office lease which was set to expire on April 1, 2024. In October 2022, the Company terminated the leases signed on March 1, 2021 and April 1, 2021.

 

(ii)In November 2018, Hunan Ruixi entered into an office lease agreement with Hunan Dingchentai Investment Co., Ltd. (“Dingchentai”), a company where one of the Company’s independent directors serves as legal representative and general manager. The term of the lease agreement was from November 1, 2018 to October 31, 2023 and the rent was approximately $44,250 per year, payable on a quarterly basis. The original lease agreement with Dingchentai was terminated on July 1, 2019. The Company entered into another lease with Dingchentai on substantially similar terms on September 27, 2019, and a renewal lease contract was signed on June 2022 which extended the original lease to May 2025.

 

2. Related Party Transactions

 

For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the Company incurred $31,859 and $92,142, respectively, in rental expenses to Hong Li, supervisor of Sichuan Senmiao, pursuant to three office lease agreements. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the Company incurred $40,490 and $148,999, respectively, in rental expenses to Hong Li, supervisor of Sichuan Senmiao, pursuant to three office lease agreements.

 

For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the Company incurred $10,896 and $31,514, respectively, in rental expenses to Dingchentai, a company where one of the Company’s independent directors serves as legal representative and general manager. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the Company incurred $11,557 and $46,427, respectively, in rental expenses to this related party.

 

The Company had reached cooperation with Jinkailong, the Company’s equity investee company, that the drivers who leased automobile from Jinkailong completed their online ride-hailing requests and orders through the company’s ride-hailing platform, and the company will pay Jinkailong a certain promotion service fee. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, the company incurred promotion fee of $0 and $11,434 payable to Jinkailong. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, the company incurred promotion fee of $19,483 and $87,692 from Jinkailong, respectively.

 

During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, Corenel leased automobiles to Jinkailong and generated revenue of $7,133 and $29,280, while Jiekai leased automobiles from Jinkailong and had a rental cost of $80,973 and $473,317 respectively.

 

During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, Corenel leased automobiles to Jinkailong and generated revenues of $30,748 and $323,321, and Jiekai leased automobiles from Jinkailong and had a rental cost of $185,254 and $333,756, respectively.

 

18. LEASES

 

Lessor

 

The Company’s operating leases for automobile rentals have rental periods that are typically short term, generally is twelve months or less. Revenue recognition section of Note 3 (r), the Company discloses that revenue earned from automobile rentals, wherein an identified asset is transferred to the customer and the customer has the ability to control that asset, is accounted for under Topic 842 upon adoption for the nine months ended December 31, 2023.

 

29

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Lessee

 

As of December 31, 2023 and March 31, 2023, the Company has engaged in offices and showroom leases which were classified as operating leases.

 

The Company leased automobiles under operating lease agreements with a term shorter than twelve months which it elected not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities under ASC 842. Instead, the Company recognized the lease payments in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term and variable lease payments in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred. In addition, the Company had automobiles leases which were classified as finance lease.

 

The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

 

The Company recognized lease expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term for operating lease. Meanwhile, the Company recognized the finance leases ROU assets and interest on an amortized cost basis. The amortization of finance ROU assets is recognized on a straight-line basis as amortization expense, while the lease liability is increased to reflect interest on the liability and decreased to reflect the lease payments made during the period. Interest expense on the lease liability is determined each period during the lease term as the amount that results in a constant periodic interest rate of the automobile loans on the remaining balance of the liability.

 

The ROU assets and lease liabilities are determined based on the present value of the future minimum rental payments of the lease as of the adoption date, using effective interest rate of 4.0% to 6.0%, which is determined using an incremental borrowing rate with similar term in the PRC. As of December 31, 2023, the weighted-average remaining operating and finance lease term of its existing leases is approximately 2.19 and 1.72 years, respectively.

 

Operating and finance lease expenses consist of the following:

 

      For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine months ended 
   Classification  December 31,
2023
   December 31,
2022
   December 31,
2023
   December 31,
2022
 
      (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited)   (Unaudited) 
Operating lease cost                   
Automobile lease costs  Cost of revenues  $400,082   $564,646   $1,460,938   $1,622,601 
Lease expenses  Selling, general and administrative   56,486    88,493    182,258    313,753 
Finance lease cost                       
Amortization of leased asset  Cost of revenue   59,968    73,991    180,627    203,044 
Amortization of leased asset  General and administrative   
    62,255    282    196,890 
Interest on lease liabilities  Interest expenses on finance leases   6,791    626    23,107    8,927 
Total lease expenses     $523,327   $790,011   $1,847,212   $2,345,215 

 

Operating lease costs for automobiles totaled $400,082 and $564,646 for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Operating lease cost for automobiles totaled $1,460,938 and $1,622,601 for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

Operating lease expenses for offices and showroom leases totaled $56,486 and $88,493 for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, of which $48,816 and $25,127 were amortization of leased asset for operating leases for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Operating lease expense for office and showroom leases totaled $182,258 and $313,753 for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 respectively, of which $141,995 and $179,275 were amortization of leased asset for operating leases for the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

30

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Interest expenses on finance leases totaled $6,791 and $23,107 for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, respectively. Interest expenses on finance leases totaled $626 and $8,927 for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2022, respectively.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s minimum lease payments in future periods:

 

   *Operating lease   Finance lease     
   payments   payments   Total 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2024  $367,010   $285,116   $652,126 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2025   177,369    196,482    373,851 
Twelve months ending December 31, 2026   41,694    
    41,694 
Total lease payments   586,073    481,598    1,067,671 
Less: discount   (19,967)   (23,657)   (43,624)
Present value of lease liabilities  $566,106   $457,941   $1,024,047 

 

 

*As of December 31, 2023, the outstanding balance of operating lease payments due to related parties was $480,698.

 

19. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Contingencies

 

In measuring the credit risk of guarantee services to automobile purchasers, the Company primarily reflects the “probability of default” by the automobile purchasers on its contractual obligations and considers the current financial position of the automobile purchasers and its likely future development.

 

The Company manages the credit risk of automobile purchasers by performing preliminary credit checks of each automobile purchaser and ongoing monitoring every month. By using the current credit loss model, management is of the opinion that the Company is bearing the credit risk to repay the principal and interests to the financial institutions if automobile purchasers’ default on their payments for more than three months. Management also periodically re-evaluates probability of default of automobile purchasers to make adjustments in the allowance, when necessary, as the Company is the guarantor of the loans.

 

Purchase commitments

 

On September 23, 2022, the Company entered into a purchase contract with an automobile dealer to purchase a total of 100 automobiles for the amount of approximately $1.5 million. As of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company has remitted approximately $0.7 million as purchase prepayments, and expects to fulfill the purchase commitment before December 31, 2024.

 

31

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Contingent liabilities for automobile purchasers

 

Historically, most of the automobile purchasers would pay the Company their previous defaulted amounts within one to three months. In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus, or COVID-19, surfaced and it has spread rapidly to many parts of China and other parts of the world, including the United States. The epidemic has resulted in quarantines, travel restrictions, and the temporary closure of stores and facilities in China and elsewhere. Because substantially all of the Company’s operations are conducted in China, the COVID-19 outbreak has materially and adversely affected the Company’s business operations, financial condition and operating results for 2021 and 2022, including but not limited to decrease in revenues, slower collection of accounts receivable and additional allowance for credit losses. Some of the Company’s customers exited the ride-hailing business and rendered their automobiles to the Company for sublease or sale to generate income or proceeds to cover payments owed to financial institutions and the Company. For the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company recognized an estimated provision loss of approximately $499 and $7,284 respectively, for drivers who exited the ride-hailing business were not able to make the monthly payments from operations. As of December 31, 2023, there was no contingent liabilities Hunan Ruixi had for the automobile purchasers.

 

Contingent liability of Jinkailong

 

Despite that the Company holds 35% of equity interest of Jinkailong through Hunan Ruixi, and has not make any consideration towards to the investment, the Company will be subjected to the maximum amount of RMB3.5 million (approximately $493,000) of which is equivalent to 35% of liabilities in case Jinkailong is liquidated in accordance with PRC’s company registry compliance.

 

As of December 31, 2023, the maximum contingent liabilities of Jinkailong, the Company’s equity investee company and former VIE, would be exposed to was approximately $3.1 million, assuming all the automobile purchasers were in default. Automobiles are used as collateral to secure the payment obligations of the automobile purchasers under the financing agreements. Jinkailong estimated the fair market value of the collateral to be approximately $1.5 million as of December 31, 2023, based on the market price and the useful life of such collateral, which represents approximately 47% of the maximum contingent liabilities. Meanwhile, approximately $2.0 million, including interests of approximately $188,000, due to financial institutions, of all the automobile purchases Jinkailong serviced were past due mainly due to the COVID-19 pandemic in China in prior years.

 

Besides, as of December 31, 2023, due to Jinkailong has undertaken the joint and several liability guarantee for all loans of Langyue Automobile Service Co., Ltd. from Chengdu Industrial Impawn Co., Ltd (“Impawn”) for certain historical business, Jinkailong may be required to pay all the outstanding balance of approximately $840,000 to Impawn in the future.

 

From time to time, the Company and its equity investee company may be subject to certain legal proceedings, claims and disputes that arise in the ordinary course of business. The total amount of reasonable possible losses with the respect to such matters, individually and in the aggregate, are not deemed to be material to the consolidated financial statements.

 

20. SEGMENT INFORMATION

 

The Company presents segment information after elimination of inter-company transactions. In general, revenue, cost of revenue and operating expenses are directly attributable, or are allocated, to each segment. The Company allocates costs and expenses that are not directly attributable to a specific segment, such as those that support infrastructure across different segments, to different segments mainly on the basis of usage, revenue or headcount, depending on the nature of the relevant costs and expenses. The Company does not allocate assets to its segments as the CODM does not evaluate the performance of segments using asset information.

 

By assessing the qualitative and quantitative criteria established by Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 280, “Segment Reporting”, the Company considers itself to be operating in two reportable segments which comprise of automobile transaction and related services and online ride-hailing platform. The segments are organized based on type of service offered.

 

32

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

The following tables present the summary of each segment’s revenue, loss from operations, loss before income taxes and net loss which is considered as a segment operating performance measure, for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:

 

  

For the three months ended December 31, 2023

(unaudited)

 
   Automobile   Online ride-         
   Transaction and   hailing         
   Related   platform         
   Services   Services   Unallocated   Consolidated 
Revenues  $1,108,207   $510,203   $
   $1,618,410 
Interest income  $130   $31   $1   $162 
Depreciation and amortization  $361,199   $14,779   $19,004   $394,982 
Loss from operations  $(218,061)  $(179,342)  $(682,304)  $(1,079,707)
Loss before income taxes  $(71,901)  $(185,912)  $(636,115)  $(893,928)
Net loss  $(71,901)  $(185,912)  $(636,115)  $(893,928)
Capital expenditure  $285,467   $
   $
   $285,467 

 

  

For the nine months ended December 31, 2023

(unaudited)

 
   Automobile   Online ride-         
   Transaction and   hailing         
   Related   platform         
   Services   Services   Unallocated   Consolidated 
Revenues  $3,480,453   $2,059,622   $
   $5,540,075 
Interest income  $397   $92   $10   $499 
Depreciation and amortization  $1,050,914   $44,407   $59,669   $1,154,990 
Loss from operations  $(1,400,303)  $(376,270)  $(1,373,501)  $(3,150,074)
Loss before income taxes  $(1,155,173)  $(404,081)  $(963,473)  $(2,522,727)
Net loss  $(1,155,173)  $(404,081)  $(963,473)  $(2,522,727)
Capital expenditure  $643,376   $
   $
   $643,376 

 

33

 

 

SENMIAO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

   For the three months ended December 31, 2022 
   Automobile   Online ride-         
   Transaction and   hailing         
   Related   platform         
   Services   Services   Unallocated   Consolidated 
Revenues  $930,625   $810,295   $
   $1,740,920 
Interest income  $467   $64   $13   $544 
Depreciation and amortization  $429,419   $12,128   $21,638   $463,185 
Loss from operations  $(999,958)  $(69,672)  $(259,746)  $(1,329,376)
Loss before income taxes  $(700,414)  $(56,667)  $(229,188)  $(986,269)
Net loss  $(700,414)  $(56,667)  $(229,188)  $(986,269)
Capital Expenditure  $1,211,611   $
   $
   $1,211,611 

 

   For the nine months ended December 31, 2022 
   Automobile   Online ride-         
   Transaction and   hailing         
   Related   platform         
   Services   Services   Unallocated   Consolidated 
Revenues  $3,353,400   $2,970,518   $
   $6,323,918 
Interest income  $1,292   $168   $57   $1,517 
Depreciation and amortization  $1,470,335   $47,594   $63,298   $1,581,227 
Loss from operations  $(2,854,231)  $(262,097)  $(1,238,849)  $(4,355,177)
Income (loss) before income taxes  $(2,071,478)  $(253,477)  $402,802   $(1,922,153)
Net income (loss)  $(2,071,478)  $(253,477)  $402,802   $(1,922,153)
Capital expenditure  $1,213,511   $26,893   $
   $1,240,404 

 

The accounting principles for the Company’s revenue by segment are set out in Note 3(h).

 

As of December 31, 2023, the Company’s total assets were comprised of $10,271,825 for automobile transaction and related services, $801,958 for online ride-hailing platform services and $1,061,367 for unallocated.

 

As of March 31, 2023, the Company’s total assets were comprised of $12,579,764 for automobile transaction and related services, $937,400 for online ride-hailing platform services and $721,451 unallocated.

 

As substantially all of the Company’s long-lived assets are located in the PRC and substantially all of the Company’s revenue is derived from within the PRC, no geographical information is presented.

 

21. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company evaluated all events and transactions that occurred after December 31, 2023 up through the date the Company filed these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. No events require adjustment to or disclosure in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

34

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition should be read together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, which are included elsewhere in this Report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended March 31, 2023 (the “Annual Report”) filed with the SEC. Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”).

 

Overview

 

We are a provider of automobile transaction and related services, connecting auto dealers, financial institutions and consumers, who are mostly existing and prospective ride-hailing drivers affiliated with different operators of online ride-hailing platforms in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC” or “China”). We provide automobile transaction and related services through our wholly owned subsidiaries, Sichuan Senmiao Yicheng Assets Management Co., Ltd., a PRC limited liability company (“Yicheng”), Chengdu Corenel Technology Limited, a PRC limited liability company (“Corenel”), and our majority owned subsidiaries, Chengdu Jiekai Technology Ltd. (“Jiekai”), and Hunan Ruixi Financial Leasing Co., Ltd. (“Hunan Ruixi”), a PRC limited liability company, and equity investee company, Sichuan Jinkailong Automobile Leasing Co., Ltd. (“Jinkailong”). Since October 2020, we also operate an online ride-hailing platform through Hunan Xixingtianxia Technology Co., Ltd. (“XXTX”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sichuan Senmiao Zecheng Business Consulting Co., Ltd., our wholly-owned subsidiary (“Senmiao Consulting”). Our platform enables qualified ride-hailing drivers to provide application-based transportation services mainly in Chengdu, Changsha and other 24 cities in China. Substantially all of our operations are conducted in China.

 

Our Automobile Transactions and Related Services

 

Our Automobile Transaction and Related Services are mainly comprised of (i) automobile operating lease where we provide car rental services to individual customers to meet their personal needs with lease term no more than twelve months (the “Auto Operating Leasing”); (ii) service fees from new energy vehicles (“NEVs”) leasing, automobile purchase and management services where we charge NEVs lessees or automobile purchasers for a series of the services provided to them throughout the leasing or purchase process based on the chosen product solutions, such as ride-hailing driver training, assisting with a series of administrative procedures and other consulting services (the “Purchase and NEVs Services”); (iii) automobile sales where we sell new purchased or used cars to our customers (the “Auto Sales”); (iv) automobile financing where we provide our customers with auto finance solutions through financing leases (the “Auto Financing”); (v) auto management and guarantee services provided to online ride-hailing drivers after the delivery of automobiles (the “Auto Management and Guarantee Services”); and (vi) other supporting services provided to online ride-hailing drivers. We started our facilitation and supporting services in November 2018, the sale of automobiles in January 2019, and financial and operating leasing in March 2019, respectively.

 

Since November 22, 2018, the acquisition date of Hunan Ruixi, and as of December 31, 2023, we and our former VIEs have facilitated financing for an aggregate of 1,687 automobiles with a total value of approximately $23.5 million, sold an aggregate of 1,468 automobiles with a total value of approximately $14.1 million and delivered approximately 3,310 automobiles under operating leases (including 1,826 automobiles used to be delivered by Jinkailong before March 31, 2022) and 161 automobiles under financing leases to customers, the vast majority of whom are online ride-hailing drivers.

 

The table below provides a breakdown of the number of vehicles sold or delivered under different leasing arrangements or managed/guaranteed by us and corresponding revenue generated for the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:

 

   Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended 
   December 31,   December 31, 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
   Number of   Revenue   Number of   Revenue   Number of   Revenue   Number of   Revenue 
   Vehicles   (Approximate)   Vehicles   (Approximate)   Vehicles   (Approximate)   Vehicles   (Approximate) 
Auto Operating Leasing   871   $992,000    802   $781,000    1,466    3,069,000    1,607   $2,571,000 
Auto Sales      $       $    2    9,000    41   $226,000 
Auto Financing   161   $12,000    139   $9,000    161    37,000    139   $31,000 
Other Services   >480   $104,000    >780   $141,000    >860    365,000    >1,000   $525,000 

 

As of March 31, 2022, we deconsolidated Jinkailong and its operation result was not included in our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss since then. However, although Jinkailong ceased to be within our consolidation scope since March 31, 2022, Hunan Ruixi, Corenel and Jiekai continuously provide automobile transaction and related services, mainly Auto Operating Leasing, similar to Jinkailong’s business operations in Changsha and Chengdu. During the three months ended December 31, 2023, our Auto Operating Leasing, Auto Financing and other services income accounted for approximately 89.5%, 1.1% and 9.4% of our total revenue from our automobile transactions and related services, respectively, while our Auto Operating Leasing, Auto Financing and other services income accounted for approximately 83.9%, 0.9% and 15.2% for the three months ended December 31, 2022, respectively. During the nine months ended December 31, 2023, our Auto Operating Leasing, Auto Sales, Auto Financing and other services income accounted for approximately 88.2%, 0.3%,1.1% and 10.4% of our total revenue from our automobile transactions and related services, respectively, while our Auto Operating Leasing, Auto Sales, Auto Financing and other services income accounted for approximately 76.7%, 6.7%, 0.9% and 15.7% for the nine months ended December 31, 2022, respectively.

 

35

 

 

Our Ride-Hailing Platform Services

 

As part of our goal to provide an all-round solution for online ride-hailing drivers as well as to increase our competitive power in an increasingly competitive online ride-hailing industry and to take advantage of the market potential, in October 2020, we began operating our own online ride-hailing platform in Chengdu. The platform (called Xixingtianxia) was owned and operated by XXTX, of which Senmiao Consulting acquired the 100% equity interest pursuant to a series of investment and supplementary agreements. As of the filing date of this Report, Senmiao Consulting has made accumulated capital contribution of RMB40.41 million (approximately $5.69 million) to XXTX and the remaining amount is expected to be paid before December 31, 2025.

 

XXTX operates Xixingtianxia and holds a national online reservation taxi operating license. The platform is presently servicing online ride-hailing drivers in 26 cities in China, including Chengdu, Changsha and so on, providing them with a platform to view and take customer orders for rides. We currently collaborate with Gaode Map, a well-known aggregation platform in China on our ride-hailing platform services. Under our collaboration, when a rider uses the platform to search for taxi/ride-hailing services on the aggregation platform, the platform provides such rider a number of online ride-hailing platforms for selection, including ours and if our platform is selected by the rider, the order will then be distributed to registered drivers on our platform for viewing and acceptance. The rider may also simultaneously select multiple online ride-hailing platforms in which case, the aggregation platform will distribute the requests to different online ride-hailing platforms which they cooperate with, based on the number of available drivers using the platform in a certain area and these drivers’ historical performance, among other things. XXTX generates revenue from providing services to online ride-hailing drivers to assist them in providing transportation services to the riders looking for taxi/ride-hailing services. XXTX earns commissions for each completed order as the difference between an upfront quoted fare and the amount earned by a driver based on actual time and distance for the ride charged to the rider. XXTX settles its commissions with the aggregation platforms on a weekly basis.

 

Meanwhile, in order to strengthen our market position in certain cities, during the nine months ended December 31, 2023, our subsidiary, Jiekai, and our equity investee company and former VIE, Jinkailong, cooperated with other online ride-hailing platforms (“Partner Platforms”), such as Chengdu Anma Zhixing Technology Co., Ltd. and Sichuan Peitu Kuaixing Technology Co., Ltd., whereby the online ride-hailing requests and orders shall be completed on Partner Platforms utilizing the network of cars and drivers of us and Jinkailong. Jiekai and Jinkailong earned rental income from drivers and earned commissions from Partner Platforms.

 

The acquisition of XXTX has brought us a new stream of revenue and enhanced our goal of providing an all-round solution for online ride-hailing drivers. We launched Xixingtianxia in specific markets within Chengdu in late October 2020, focusing on current driver customers. As of the filing date of this Report, we have expanded marketing of our ride-hailing platform to a larger pool of potential drivers and riders in Chengdu, Changsha and other 24 cities through cooperation with certain local car rental companies and through offering attractive incentives and awards to drivers. Since December 2023, in order to improve the efficiency of XXTX’s daily operation and profitability, XXTX has engaged Anhui Lianma Technology Co., Ltd. (“Anhui Lianma”), a third-party to co-operate the online ride-hailing platform by outsourcing certain daily operation work to Anhui Lianma in most of cities it operates platform in XXTX and Anhui Lianma will jointly share the operational profits, with the specific calculation method being defined in the cooperation agreement.

 

During the nine months ended December 31, 2023, approximately 4.1 million rides with gross fare of approximately $12.5 million were completed through Xixingtianxia and an average of approximately 5,400 ride-hailing drivers completed rides and earned income through Xixingtianxia (the “Active Drivers”) each month. During the nine months ended December 31, 2023, we earned online ride-hailing platform service fees of approximately $2.1 million, after netting off approximately $0.2 million incentives paid to Active Drivers.

 

During the nine months ended December 31, 2022, approximately 4.8 million rides with gross fare of approximately $15.7 million were completed through Xixingtianxia and an average of over 5,200 Active Drivers each month. During the nine months ended December 31, 2022, we earned online ride-hailing platform service fees of approximately $3.0 million, netting off approximately $0.4 million incentives paid to Active Drivers.

 

We plan to expand our driver base for the platform and automobile rental business while strengthening the royalty of the drivers who both lease our cars and use our platform while expanding, but our platform is available to others.

 

36

 

 

Key Factors and Risks Affecting Results of Operations

 

Ability to Increase Our Automobile Lessee and Active Driver Base

 

Our revenue growth has been largely driven by the expansion of our automobile lessee base and the corresponding revenue generated from operating and financial leasing. After the acquisition of XXTX, our revenue growth also depends on the number of completed online ride-hailing orders on our platform, which largely depends on the number of Active Drivers who complete ride-hailing transactions on our platform. We acquire customers for our Automobile Transaction and Related Services, as well as for our Online Ride-hailing Platform Services, through the network of third-party sales teams, referral from online ride-hailing platforms and our own efforts including online advertising and billboard advertising. We also send out fliers and participate in trade shows to advertise our services. We plan to maintain the number of our Active Drivers by marketing our platform to our existing and prospective automobile lessees in the cities we now operate in. We expect the expansion of our Active Driver base to promote the growth of our automobile rental business because we offer automobile rental solutions/incentives specifically targeted at drivers using our platform and the Partner Platforms. An effective cross-selling strategies between our automobile leasing business and Online Ride-hailing Platform Services business is important to our expansion and revenue growth. We also plan to strengthen our marketing efforts through the collaboration with certain automobile dealers and through our own team by employing more experienced staffs and improving the quality and variety of our services. As of December 31, 2023, we had 5 and 38 employees in our own sales department and sales department of our equity investee company, Jinkailong, respectively.

 

Management of Automobile Rentals

 

Due to the fierce competition of online ride-hailing industry in Chengdu, the demand for short-term car rentals remained stable during the three months ended December 31, 2023. To meet the demand in Chengdu and Changsha, we purchased and leased automobiles from third parties for our operating lease. The daily management and timely maintenance of leased automobiles will have a significant effect on the growth of our income from leasing automobiles in the next twelve months. The effective management of our automobiles through our proprietary system and experienced auto-management team could provide qualified automobiles to potential lessees, either for personal use or providing online ride-hailing services. As of December 31, 2023, we had one parking lot, an exhibition hall and 4 employees in Changsha, and our equity investee company, Jinkailong, had one parking lot and 17 employees in Chengdu, for parking and management of automobiles for operating lease. During the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the average utilization of the automobiles for operating lease was approximately 80.6% and 42.9%, respectively. During the nine months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, the average utilization of the automobiles for operating lease was approximately 77.6% and 65.0%, respectively.

 

Our Service Offerings and Pricing

 

The growth of our revenue depends on our ability to improve existing solutions and services provided, continue identifying evolving business needs, refine our collaborations with business partners and provide value-added services to our customers. The attraction of new automobile leases depends on our leasing solutions with attractive rental price and flexible leasing terms. We have also adopted a stable pricing formula, considering the historical and future expenditure, remaining available leasing months and market price to determine our rental price for varied rental solutions. Furthermore, our product designs affect the type of automobile leases we attract, which in turn affect our financial performance. The attraction of new Active Drivers depends on the comprehensive income they could earn from our own or cooperated platform, which is mainly affected by the number of orders distributed to them through our platform and the amount of the incentives paid to them from platforms. Our revenue growth also depends on our abilities to effectively price our services, which enables us to attract more customers and improve our profit margin.

 

Ability to Retain Key Business Cooperators

 

Historically, we have set up a series of strategy and business relationships with certain affiliates of some famous and leading companies of NEVs manufacturers, online ride-hailing platforms, local NEVs leasing companies, and travel service providers to develop our Automobile Transaction and Related Services and Online Ride-hailing Platform Services. We earned commission or services fee from them, purchased and leased automobiles for our business at a favorable price. The close relationships have provided us with the necessary capacity to support the development of our online ride-hailing platform and leasing business. To retain these valuable cooperators and continuously explore opportunities to collaborate with them in more areas is important to us to have considerable resources to support the exploration and expansion of our business into new cities.

 

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Ability to Collect Receivables on a Timely Basis

 

We used to advance the purchase price of automobiles and all service expenses when we provide related services to the purchasers. We collect the receivables due from automobile purchasers from their monthly installment payments and repay financial institutions on behalf of the purchasers every month. As of December 31, 2023, we had accounts receivable of approximately $11,000 and advanced payments of approximately $5,000 due from the historical automobile purchasers which will be collected through installment payments on a monthly basis during the relevant affiliation periods. For receivables from Auto Operating Leasing, we usually settle the rental income with each online ride-hailing driver monthly based on the product solutions they chose. In accordance with the development of the operating lease business, our Partner Platforms, such as Gaode, agree to temporarily “lock-up” the fares of the rides which Active Drivers earn from the platform to ensure the timely collection of its rental receivables from those Active Drivers. Besides, during the nine months ended December 31, 2023, we settled our commissions with the Partner Platforms for our online ride-hailing platform services and automobile rental income on a monthly basis. As of December 31, 2023, we had accounts receivable of online ride-hailing service fees of approximately $10,000 in total.

 

The efficiency of collection of the monthly and weekly payments has a material impact on our daily operation. Our risk and asset management department has set up a series of procedures to monitor the collection from drivers. Our business department has also set up a stable and close relationship with cooperated platform to ensure the timely collection of commissions. The accounts receivable and advance payments may increase our liquidity risk. We have used the majority of the proceeds from our equity offerings and plan to seek equity and/or debt financings to pay for the expenditure related to the automobile purchase. To pay for the expenditure in advance will enhance the stability of our daily operation and lower the liquidity risk, and attract more customers.

 

Ability to Manage Defaults and Potential Guarantee Liability Effectively

 

As of December 31, 2023, Jinkailong, the equity investee company and former VIE, is exposed to credit risk as Jinkailong is required by certain financial institutions to provide guarantee on the lease/loan payments (including principal and interests) of the automobile purchasers referred by it. If a default occurs, Jinkailong is required to make the monthly payments on behalf of the defaulted purchasers to the financial institution. As of December 31, 2023, Hunan Ruixi did not have any guarantee liabilities due to financial institutions.

 

We manage the credit risk arising from the default of automobile purchasers and lessees by performing credit checks on each automobile purchaser or lessee based on the credit reports from People’s Bank of China and third-party credit rating companies, and personal information including residence, ethnicity group, driving history and involvement in legal proceeding. Our risk department continuously monitors the payment by each purchaser and sends them payment reminders. We also keep monitoring the daily gross fare earned by the online ride-hailing drivers, who are our majority customers and run their business through our online ride-hailing platform during the nine months ended December 31, 2023. We do this so that we can evaluate their financial conditions and provide them with assistance including the transfer of automobile to a new driver if they are no longer interested in providing ride-hailing services or are unable to earn enough income to make monthly lease/loan payments.

 

In addition, automobiles are used as collateral to secure purchasers’ payment obligations under the financing arrangement. In the event of a default, Hunan Ruixi and Jinkailong can track the automobile through an installed GPS system and repossess and handover the automobile over to the financial institution so that they can be released from their guarantee liability. However, if a financial institution initiates a legal proceeding to collect payments due from a defaulted automobile purchaser, Jinkailong may be required to repay the defaulted amount as a guarantor. If it is unable to undertake the responsibility as a guarantor, its own assets, such as cash and cash equivalents, may be frozen by the court if the financial institution successfully requests for an order to freeze our assets or bank accounts, which may adversely affect our operations.

 

As of December 31, 2023, 108 online ride-hailing drivers we serviced rendered their automobiles to Hunan Ruixi for sublease or sale. In general, most of the defaulted automobile purchasers who want to remain in online ride-hailing business would pay the default amounts within one to three months. Our risk management department typically starts to interact with overdue purchasers if they have missed one monthly installment payment. However, if the balances are overdue for more than two months or the purchasers decide to exit the online ride-hailing business and sublease or sell their automobiles, we would fully record allowance for credit losses against receivables from those purchasers. As of December 31, 2023, we recognized an accumulated allowance for credit losses against receivables of $366,542 from these purchasers served by Hunan Ruixi. For the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, we recognized approximately$0 and $500 respectively, expenses for the guarantee services as the drivers exited the online ride-hailing business and would no longer make the monthly repayments to us. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, we sub-leased approximately 17 and 19 respectively, rendered automobiles in total to other customers. By subleasing automobiles from these drivers, we believe we can cope with the defaults and control associated risks.

 

Further, the automobiles subject to our financing leases are not collateralized by us. As of December 31, 2023, the total value of non-collateralized automobiles was approximately $285,000. We believe our risk exposure of financing leasing is immaterial as we have experienced limited default cases and we are able to re-lease those automobiles to drivers under financing leases.

 

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Actual Impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in China on Our Business

 

Our Automobile Transactions and Related Services have been gradually recovering from the adverse impact of COVID-19 pandemic. As of December 31, 2023, 108 online ride-hailing drivers we serviced rendered their automobiles to Hunan Ruixi. As a result, we recorded accumulated allowance for credit losses of $366,542 for them. As most of the leasing term of the automobiles we delivered in Changsha in prior periods has come to the end, during the nine months ended December 31, 2023, the number of newly rendered automobiles decreased to 0 as compared with 7 during the nine months ended December 31, 2022. Meanwhile, over 1,200 online ride-hailing drivers rendered their automobiles to Jinkailong as of December 31, 2023. On the other hand, the number of the completed orders through our online ride-hailing platform had significant decrease in December 2022 due to the infection peak after China lifted the prevention and control of COVID-19.

 

Our cash flow had been adversely impacted by local resurgences of COVID-19 in Chengdu, Changsha and Guangzhou while the COVID-19 measures in China kept applying the current control and prevention measures especially from September to November 2022, which had negative impact on the online ride-hailing market accordingly due to travel restriction.

 

Any of these factors related to COVID-19 and other similar or currently unforeseen factors beyond our control could have an adverse effect on our overall business environment, causing uncertainties in the regions in China where we conduct business, and causing our business to suffer in ways that we cannot predict and materially and adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Ability to Manage and Maintain Ride-Hailing Business

 

Due to the fierce competition of online ride-hailing industry in Chengdu and Changsha, our ability to increase our revenue over time may be limited if we focus only on our current Automobile Transaction and Related Services business model. As part of our strategy to provide an all-encompassing solution for online ride-hailing drivers, we have expanded our services to drivers through the operation of Xixingtianxia, our own online ride-hailing platform. We generate revenue from commissions earned from each completed order, which represent the difference between an upfront quoted fare and the amount earned by a driver based on actual time and distance for the ride charged to the rider. As the aggregation platforms distribute the demand orders to different online ride-hailing platforms, the flow of drivers in our area of operations is enhanced, leading to a higher probability that more ride orders will be distributed to our platform, which in turn will increase the revenue of the drivers who use our platform (and our revenue). This also allows us to attract more drivers to engage their online ride-hailing business on our platform. Through a series of promotion and effective daily management and training services, we expect our own online ride-hailing platform will offer us a stable revenue source which can also help grow our automobile financing and leasing business. Besides, we are dealing with other trip platforms to attract more riders choosing their trip through our platform.

 

Pursuant to the cooperation agreement signed with Didi Chuxing Technology Co., Ltd. (“Didi”) for our Automobile Transaction and Related Services, we may be penalized by Didi, or our partnership with Didi may be terminated as we now operate a business competitive with Didi. However, the service fees we earned from Didi for automobile transaction and related services currently represent less than 0.1% of our total revenue. Therefore, we believe that the risk of termination of cooperation with Didi on automobile transaction and related services will not have a material influence on our business or results of operations.

 

If we could not maintain the scale of the online ride-hailing drivers who use our platform which may cause we could not generate sufficient revenue and we may have a larger cash outflow in our daily operations in the next twelve months. Our cash flow situation may worsen if the economy in China does not improve as expected.

 

Ability to Compete Effectively

 

Our business and results of operations depend on our ability to compete effectively. Overall, our competitive position may be affected by, among other things, our service quality and our ability to price our solutions and services competitively. We will set up and continuously optimize our own business system to improve our service quality and user experience. Our competitors may have more resources than we do, including financial, technological, marketing and others and may be able to devote greater resources to the development and promotion of their services. We will need to continue to introduce new or enhance existing solutions and services to continue to attract automobile dealers, financial institutions, car buyers, lessees, ride-hailing drivers and other industry participants. Whether and how quickly we can do so will have a significant impact on the growth of our business.

 

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Market Opportunity and Government Regulations in China

 

The demand for our services depends on overall market conditions of the online ride-hailing industry in China. The continuous growth of the urban population places increasing pressure on the urban transportation and the improvement of living standards has increased the market demand for quality travel in China. Traditional taxi service is limited, and the emerging online platforms have created good opportunities for the development of the online ride-hailing service market. According to the 52th Statistical report on Internet Development in China published in August 2023 by the China Internet Network Information Center (the “CNNIC”), the number of online ride-hailing service users had reached 472 million by the end of June 2023, and took approximately 43.8% of the total number of Chinese internet users. The online ride-hailing industry is facing increasing competition in China and is attracting more capital investment. According to the Ministry of Transportation (the “MOT”) of the People’s Republic of China, as of December 31, 2023, approximately 337 online ride-hailing platforms have obtained booking taxi operating licenses and the total volume of online ride-hailing orders was approximately 894 million in December 2023 in China. Meanwhile, approximately 2.79 million online booking taxi transportation certificates and approximately 6.57 million online booking taxi driver’s licenses were issued nationwide in China. Since 2019, in addition to the traditional online ride-hailing platforms, automobile manufacturers, offline operation service companies, financial and map service providers, among others, have built cooperation relationships with each other to make the online ride-hailing industry a more aggregated industry.

 

The online ride-hailing industry may also be affected by, among other factors, the general economic conditions in China. The interest rates and unemployment rates may affect the demand of ride-hailing services and automobile purchasers’ willingness to seek credit from financial institutions. Adverse economic conditions could also reduce the number of qualified automobile purchasers and online ride-hailing drivers seeking credit from the financial institutions, as well as their ability to make payments. Should any of those negative situations occur, the volume and value of the automobile transactions we service will decline, and our revenue and financial condition will be negatively impacted.

 

In order to manage the rapidly growing ride-hailing service market and control relevant risks, on July 27, 2016, seven ministries and commissions in China, including the MOT, jointly promulgated the “Interim Measures for the Administration of Online Taxi Booking Business Operations and Services” (“Interim Measures”) and amended it on December 28, 2019 and November 30, 2022, which legalizes online ride-hailing services such as XXTX and requires the online ride-hailing services to meet the requirements set out by the measures and obtain taxi-booking service licenses and take full responsibility of the ride services to ensure the safety of riders.

 

On November 5, 2016, the Municipal Communications Commission of Chengdu City and a number of municipal departments jointly issued the “Implementation Rules for the Administration of Online Booking Taxi Management Services for Chengdu”, which was abolished and replaced by the updated version issued on July 26, 2021. On August 10, 2017, the Transportation Commission of Chengdu further issued the guidelines on compliance requirements for online ride-hailing businesses, including Working Process for the Online Appointment of Taxi Drivers Qualification Examination and Issuance and Online Appointment Taxi Transportation Certificate Issuance Process. On November 28, 2016, Guangzhou Municipal People’s Government promulgated Interim Measures for the Management of Online Ride Hailing Operation and Service in Guangzhou, as amended on November 14, 2019. According to these regulations and guidelines, three licenses /certificates are required for operating the online ride-hailing business in Chengdu and Guangzhou: (1) the ride-hailing service platform such as XXTX should obtain the online booking taxi operating license; (2) the automobiles used for online ride-hailing should obtain the online booking taxi transportation certificate (“automobile certificate”); (3) the drivers should obtain the online booking taxi driver’s license (“driver’s license”). Besides, all the new cars used for online ride-hailing in Chengdu should be NEVs since July 2021.

 

On July 23, 2018, the General Office of Changsha Municipal People’s Government issued the “Detailed Rules for the Administration of Online Booking Taxi Management Services for Changsha.” On June 12, 2019, the Municipal Communications Commission of Changsha City further issued “Transfer and Registration Procedures of Changsha Online Booking of Taxi.” According to the regulations and guidelines, to operate a ride-hailing business in Changsha requires similar licenses in Chengdu, except those automobiles used for online ride-hailing services are required to meet certain standards, including that the sales price (including taxes) is over RMB120,000 (approximately $17,000). In practice, Hunan Ruixi is also required to employ a safety administrator for every 50 automobiles used for online ride-hailing services and submit daily operation information of these automobiles such as traffic violation to the Transport Management Office of the Municipal Communications Commission of Changsha City every month. On November 28, 2016, Guangzhou Municipal People’s Government also promulgated Interim Measures for the Management of Online Ride Hailing Operation and Service in Guangzhou, as amended on November 14, 2019.

 

In addition to the national online reservation taxi operating license, XXTX and its subsidiaries also obtained the online reservation taxi operating license 33 cities, including Chengdu, Changsha, Guangzhou, Tianjin, Shenyang, Harbin, Changchun, Wenzhou, Nanchang, Haikou, Xining, two cities in Shandong, and Guangxi Province, respectively, three cities in Guizhou Province, seven cities in Jiangsu Province, other two cities in Hunan and Guangdong Province, respectively, and other four cities in Sichuan Province from June 2020 to July 2023, to operate the online ride-hailing platform services.

 

However, approximately 19% of our ride-hailing drivers have not obtained the driver’s license for online ride-hailing services as of December 31, 2023 while all of the cars used for online ride-hailing services which we provided management services have the automobile certificate. Without requisite automobile certificate or driver’s license, these drivers may be suspended from providing ride-hailing services, confiscated their illegal income and subject to fines of up to 10 times of their illegal income. Starting in December 2019, Didi began to enforce such limitation on drivers in Chengdu who have a driver’s license but operate automobiles without the automobile certificate.

 

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Furthermore, according to the Interim Measures, no enterprise or individual is allowed to provide information for conducting online ride-hailing services to unqualified vehicles and drivers. Pursuant to the Interim Measures, XXTX and its subsidiaries may be fined between RMB5,000 to RMB30,000 (approximately $700 to $4,225) for violations of the Interim Measures, including providing online ride-hailing platform services to unqualified drivers or vehicles. During the three and nine months ended December 31, 2023, we have been fined by approximately $18,000 and $44,000 by Traffic Management Bureaus in Chengdu and Changsha, of which, approximately $14,000 and $30,000 respectively, was further compensated by drivers or cooperated third parties. If we are deemed in serious violation of the Interim Measures, our Online Ride-hailing Platform Services may be suspended and the relevant licenses may be revoked by certain government authorities.

 

We are in the process of assisting the drivers to obtain the required certificate and license both for our Automobile Transaction and Related Services and our Online Ride-hailing Platform Services. However, there is no guarantee that all of the drivers who run their online ride-hailing business through our platform would be able to obtain all the certificates and licenses. Our business and results of operations shall be materially and adversely affected if our affiliated drivers are suspended from providing ride-hailing services or imposed substantial fines or if we are found to be in serious violation of the Interim Measures due to the drivers’ failure to obtain requite licenses and/or automobile certificates in connection with providing services through our platform. For example, from September 2023 to December 2023, Gaode has performed a series of compliance check aiming at driver’s license in several cities, including Chengdu and Guangzhou, which caused the decrease in the number of completed orders through our platform and the decrease in our online ride-hailing platform services accordingly.

 

The Chinese government has exercised and continued to exercise substantial control over virtually every sector of the Chinese economy through regulation and state ownership. For example, the Chinese cybersecurity regulator announced on July 2, 2021 that it had begun an investigation of Didi and two days later ordered that the company’s app be removed from smartphone app stores. We believe that our current operations are in compliance with the laws and regulations of the Chinese cybersecurity regulator. However, the Company’s operations could be adversely affected, directly or indirectly, by existing or future laws and regulations relating to its business or industry.

 

Results of Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2023 Compared to the three months ended December 31, 2022

 

   For the Three Months Ended     
   December 31,     
   2023   2022   Change 
   (unaudited)   (unaudited)     
Revenues  $1,618,410   $1,740,920   $(122,510)
Cost of revenues   (1,200,842)   (1,558,170)   357,328 
Gross profit   417,568    182,750    234,818 
Operating expenses               
Selling, general and administrative expenses   (1,052,975)   (1,385,580)   332,605 
Provision for credit losses<