10-Q 1 alrm-20220331.htm 10-Q ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC. MARCH 31, 2022 alrm-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 001-37461
alrm-20220331_g1.jpg
ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware26-4247032
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
8281 Greensboro DriveSuite 100TysonsVirginia
22102
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Tel: (877) 389-4033
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareALRMThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). þ Yes ¨ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated FilerþAccelerated Filer¨
Non-Accelerated Filer¨
Smaller Reporting Company
¨
Emerging Growth Company
¨




If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  ¨ Yes þ No

As of April 28, 2022, there were 50,087,289 outstanding shares of the registrant's common stock, par value $0.01 per share.



ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE FISCAL QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2022

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)

ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Revenue:
SaaS and license revenue$123,225 $107,383 
Hardware and other revenue82,212 65,115 
Total revenue205,437 172,498 
Cost of revenue(1):
Cost of SaaS and license revenue16,894 15,156 
Cost of hardware and other revenue73,193 50,606 
Total cost of revenue90,087 65,762 
Operating expenses:
Sales and marketing23,192 18,999 
General and administrative23,994 22,882 
Research and development51,490 42,467 
Amortization and depreciation7,761 7,385 
Total operating expenses106,437 91,733 
Operating income8,913 15,003 
Interest expense(784)(3,368)
Interest income143 157 
Other income / (expense), net13 (155)
Income before income taxes8,285 11,637 
Benefit from income taxes(618)(2,913)
Net income8,903 14,550 
Net loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest176 280 
Net income attributable to common stockholders$9,079 $14,830 
Per share information attributable to common stockholders:
Net income per share:
Basic$0.18 $0.30 
Diluted$0.18 $0.29 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic50,206,179 49,561,887 
Diluted55,170,781 51,739,461 
_______________
(1)Exclusive of amortization and depreciation shown in operating expenses below.


See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
(unaudited)

March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$671,753 $710,621 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of $2,153 and $2,168, and net of allowance for product returns of $1,162 and $1,181 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 respectively
103,067 105,548 
Inventory86,436 75,276 
Other current assets, net of allowance for credit losses of $1 and $2 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
27,322 26,175 
Total current assets888,578 917,620 
Property and equipment, net39,969 41,713 
Intangible assets, net86,831 91,406 
Goodwill112,901 112,901 
Deferred tax assets39,554 13,547 
Operating lease right-of-use assets30,135 30,479 
Other assets, net of allowance for credit losses of $1 and $78 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
26,822 24,349 
Total assets$1,224,790 $1,232,015 
Liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interest and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities$73,615 $89,816 
Accrued compensation17,560 23,495 
Deferred revenue5,840 5,697 
Operating lease liabilities10,454 10,331 
Total current liabilities107,469 129,339 
Deferred revenue9,779 9,140 
Convertible senior notes, net488,024 425,345 
Operating lease liabilities31,764 32,591 
Other liabilities9,480 9,545 
Total liabilities646,516 605,960 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)
Redeemable noncontrolling interest15,281 12,888 
Stockholders’ equity
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized; 50,491,600 and 50,406,606 shares issued; and 49,990,324 and 50,259,453 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
505 504 
Additional paid-in capital453,084 498,979 
Treasury stock, at cost; 501,276 and 147,153 shares as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
(28,480)(5,149)
Retained earnings137,884 118,833 
Total stockholders’ equity562,993 613,167 
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interest and stockholders’ equity$1,224,790 $1,232,015 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Cash flows (used in) / from operating activities:20222021
Net income$8,903 $14,550 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash flows (used in) / from operating activities:
Provision for credit losses on accounts receivable54 32 
Reserve for product returns798 574 
Recovery of credit losses on notes receivable(78)(11)
Amortization on patents and tooling353 288 
Amortization and depreciation7,761 7,385 
Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs780 3,250 
Amortization of operating leases2,473 2,338 
Deferred income taxes(10,650)(3,178)
Stock-based compensation12,110 7,888 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 185 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable1,629 (5,685)
Inventory(11,161)(2,947)
Other current and non-current assets(3,225)(1,734)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities(21,450)(220)
Deferred revenue782 1,127 
Operating lease liabilities(2,975)(2,772)
Other liabilities(65)162 
Cash flows (used in) / from operating activities(13,961)21,232 
Cash flows used in investing activities:
Additions to property and equipment(2,171)(4,069)
Receipt of payments on notes receivable16 2 
Purchase of investment in unconsolidated entity (5,000)
Cash flows used in investing activities(2,155)(9,067)
Cash flows (used in) / from financing activities:
Repayments of credit facility (110,000)
Proceeds from issuance of convertible senior notes 500,000 
Payments of debt issuance costs (15,291)
Payments of deferred consideration for business acquisitions (150)
Purchases of treasury stock(23,331) 
Issuances of common stock from equity-based plans1,080 1,989 
Cash flows (used in) / from financing activities(22,251)376,548 
Net (decrease) / increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(38,367)388,713 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period710,621 253,459 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period$672,254 $642,172 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
Cash and cash equivalents$671,753 $642,172 
Restricted cash included in other assets501  
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$672,254 $642,172 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders’ Equity
Preferred StockCommon StockTreasury Stock
 SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2021$12,888  $ 50,407 $504 $498,979 147 $(5,149)$118,833 $613,167 
Adoption of accounting standard on debt with conversion and other options— — — — — (56,515)— — 9,972 (46,543)
Common stock issued in connection with equity-based plans— — — 85 1 1,079 — — — 1,080 
Purchase of treasury stock— — — — — — 354 (23,331)— (23,331)
Stock-based compensation expense— — — — — 12,110 — — — 12,110 
Accretion adjustments of redeemable noncontrolling interest to redemption value2,569 — — — — (2,569)— — — (2,569)
Net income / (loss) attributable to common stockholders(176)— — — — — — — 9,079 9,079 
Balance as of March 31, 2022$15,281  $ 50,492 $505 $453,084 501 $(28,480)$137,884 $562,993 

Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestPreferred StockCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalTreasury StockRetained EarningsTotal Stockholders’ Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2020$10,691  $ 49,631 $496 $405,831 147 $(5,149)$66,574 $467,752 
Common stock issued in connection with equity-based plans— — — 173 2 1,987 — — — 1,989 
Stock-based compensation expense— — — — — 7,888 — — — 7,888 
Equity component of convertible senior notes, net— — — — — 56,515 — — — 56,515 
Accretion adjustments of redeemable noncontrolling interest to redemption value473 — — — — (473)— — — (473)
Net income / (loss) attributable to common stockholders(280)— — — — — — — 14,830 14,830 
Balance as of March 31, 2021$10,884  $ 49,804 $498 $471,748 147 $(5,149)$81,404 $548,501 

See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
March 31, 2022 and 2021

Note 1. Organization

Alarm.com Holdings, Inc. (referred to herein as Alarm.com, the Company, or we) is the leading platform for the intelligently connected property. We offer a comprehensive suite of cloud-based solutions for the smart residential and commercial property, including interactive security, video monitoring, intelligent automation and energy management. Millions of property owners depend on our technology to intelligently secure, automate and manage their residential and commercial properties. Our solutions are delivered through an established network of over 10,900 trusted service provider partners, who are experts at selling, installing and supporting our solutions. We derive revenue from the sale of our cloud-based Software-as-a-Service, or SaaS, services, license fees, software, hardware, activation fees and other revenue. Our fiscal year ends on December 31.

Note 2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and those of our majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries after elimination of intercompany accounts and transactions.

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, for interim financial information and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. They should be read together with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 24, 2022, or the Annual Report. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 was derived from our audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP for annual financial statements.

In the opinion of management, these condensed consolidated financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented. However, the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted and may continue to disrupt our supply chain for an unknown period of time due to its impact on manufacturing, production and global transportation. The COVID-19 pandemic also disrupted and may intermittently continue to disrupt our sales channels due to restrictions imposed from time to time on our service providers’ ability to meet with residential and commercial property owners who use our solutions. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a global slowdown of economic activity, inflation, and a recession in the United States and the economic situation remains fluid as parts of the economy appear to be recovering while others continue to struggle. While vaccines have been approved for use in the United States and in many other countries, and vaccination efforts have been and are underway, it remains difficult to assess or predict the ultimate duration and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic due to a resurgence of COVID-19 and the emergence and severity of COVID-19 variants. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that can be expected for our entire fiscal year ending December 31, 2022, which is increasingly true in periods of extreme uncertainty, such as the uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical tensions. Prolonged uncertainty with respect to COVID-19 could cause further economic slowdown or cause other unpredictable events, each of which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. As of the date of issuance of these financial statements, we are not aware of any specific event or circumstance that would require us to update our estimates, assumptions and judgments or revise the carrying value of our assets or liabilities. However, our estimates, judgments and assumptions are continually evaluated based on available information and experience and may change as new events occur and additional information is obtained. Because of the use of estimates inherent in the financial reporting process and in light of the continuing uncertainty arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, actual results could differ from those estimates and any such differences may be material. Estimates are used when accounting for revenue recognition, allowances for credit losses, allowance for hardware returns, estimates of obsolete inventory, long-term incentive compensation, the lease term and incremental borrowing rates for leases, stock-based compensation, income taxes, legal reserves, fair value of the debt component of convertible notes and goodwill and intangible assets.

Comprehensive Income

Our comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was equal to our net income disclosed in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

6


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
Significant Accounting Policies

Other than those disclosed herein, there have been no other material changes to our significant accounting policies during the three months ended March 31, 2022 from those disclosed in our Annual Report.

Restricted Cash

We consider all cash reserved for a specific use and not available for immediate or general business use to be restricted cash. As of March 31, 2022 we had a total of $0.5 million of restricted cash. We had no restricted cash as of December 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2022, all restricted cash was included in other assets.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Adopted

On August 5, 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued ASU 2020-06, "Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity," or ASU 2020-06, which simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts on an entity’s own equity. The new guidance eliminates two of the three models in Subtopic 470-20 that require separating embedded conversion features from convertible instruments. The guidance also addresses how convertible instruments are accounted for in the diluted earnings per share calculation. The amendment in this update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021.

We adopted ASU 2020-06 effective January 1, 2022, using a modified retrospective adoption method, which required us to record the initial effect of this guidance as a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings on January 1, 2022. Upon adoption of ASU 2020-06, we recombined the liability and equity components of the convertible senior notes assuming that the instrument was accounted for as only a liability from inception to the date of adoption. We also recombined the liability and equity components of the debt issuance costs. The issuance costs are presented as a deduction from the outstanding principal balance of the convertible senior notes and are amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method over the contractual term of the convertible senior notes. We also removed the temporary difference between the book and tax treatment of the debt discount and adjusted the temporary difference between the book and tax treatment of the debt issuance costs of the convertible senior notes. The adoption resulted in the recording of the following increases / (decreases) on our condensed consolidated balance sheets (in thousands):

Balance Sheet Caption As of January 1, 2022
Deferred tax assets $15,356 
Additional paid-in capital (56,515)
Convertible senior notes, net 61,899 
Retained earnings 9,972 

Our net income attributable to common stockholders increased $2.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2022 as a result of adopting ASU 2020-06 due to no longer recording non-cash interest expense related to the amortization of the debt discount associated with the previous equity component of the convertible senior notes. Upon adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2022, we began using the if-converted method when calculating the dilutive impact of the convertible senior notes on net income per share, which required us to increase our diluted weighted average common shares outstanding by 3,396,950 shares for the three months ended March 31, 2022. The impact of ASU 2020-06 on net income attributable to common stockholders and weighted average diluted shares resulted in an increase to basic net income attributable to common stockholders of $0.04 per share and an increase to diluted net income attributable to common stockholders of $0.04 per share, during the three months ended March 31, 2022. See Note 15 for details on the components of basic and diluted earnings per share.

7


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
On March 31, 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-02, "Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Troubled Debt Restructurings and Vintage Disclosures" which includes requirements to disclose current period gross write-offs by year of origination for financing receivables. The amendment in this update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods with those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The guidance over disclosing current period gross write-offs by year of origination for financial receivables should be applied prospectively. We adopted this guidance during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and there was no impact to the disclosures within the "Allowance for Credit Losses - Notes Receivable" section of Note 8 as there were no write-offs of notes receivable during the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Not Yet Adopted

On October 28, 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, "Business Combinations (Topic 606): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers," which requires that an entity recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Topic 606 as if it had originated the contracts. Generally, this should result in an acquirer recognizing and measuring the acquired contract assets and contract liabilities consistent with how they were recognized and measured in the acquiree’s financial statements, if the acquiree prepared financial statements in accordance with GAAP. The amendment in this update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The guidance should be applied prospectively to business combinations occurring on or after the effective date of the amendment in this update. We are currently assessing the impact this pronouncement may have on our condensed consolidated financial statements, which will be dependent on the nature and size of any potential future acquisitions.

Note 3. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

Revenue Recognition

We derive our revenue from three primary sources: the sale of cloud-based SaaS services on our integrated Alarm.com platform, the sale of licenses and services on our non-hosted software platform, or Software platform, and the sale of hardware products. We sell our platform and hardware solutions to service provider partners that resell our solutions and hardware to residential and commercial property owners, who are the service provider partners’ customers. Our subscribers consist of all of the properties maintained by those residential and commercial property owners to which we are delivering at least one of our solutions. We also sell our hardware to distributors who resell the hardware to service provider partners. We enter into contracts with our service provider partners that establish pricing for access to our platform solutions and for the sale of hardware. These service provider contracts typically have an initial term of one year, with subsequent renewal terms of one year. Our service provider partners have indicated that they typically have three to five-year service contracts with residential and commercial property owners who use our solutions.

When determining the amount of consideration we expect to be entitled to for the sale of our hardware, we estimate the variable consideration associated with customer returns. We record a reserve against revenue for hardware returns based on historical returns. For the twelve months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, our reserve against revenue for hardware returns was approximately 1% of hardware and other revenue. We evaluate our hardware reserve on a quarterly basis or if there is an indication of significant changes in return experience. Historically, our returns of hardware have not significantly differed from our estimated reserve. Additionally, we provide warranties related to the intended functionality of the products and services provided and those warranties typically allow for the return of hardware up to one year past the date of sale. We determined that these warranties are not separate performance obligations as they cannot be purchased separately and do not provide a service in addition to an assurance the hardware will function as expected.

Our hardware and other revenue also includes our revenue from the sale of perpetual licenses that provide our customers in the commercial market the right to use our OpenEye video surveillance software for an indefinite period of time in exchange for a one-time license fee, which is generally paid at contract inception. Our hardware and other revenue also includes our revenue from Shooter Detection Systems related to the sale of licenses that provide our customers the right to use our indoor gunshot detection solution in exchange for license fees, which are generally paid at contract inception. Our perpetual licenses and licenses to our indoor gunshot detection solution provide a right to use intellectual property that is functional in nature and has significant stand-alone functionality. Accordingly, for licenses of functional intellectual property, revenue is recognized at the point-in-time when control has been transferred to the customer, which occurs once the software has been made available to the customer.

Hardware and other revenue may also include activation fees charged to some of our service provider partners for activation of a new subscriber account on our platforms, as well as fees paid by service provider partners for our marketing services. Our service provider partners use services on our platforms, such as support tools and applications, to assist in the installation of our solutions in subscriber properties. This installation marks the beginning of the service period on our platforms and, on occasion, we earn activation revenue for fees charged for this service. The activation fee is non-refundable, separately negotiated and specified in our contractual arrangements with our service provider partners and is charged to the service provider partner for
8


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
each subscriber activated on our platforms. The decision whether to charge an activation fee is based in part on the expected number of subscribers to be added by our service provider partners and as a result, many of our largest service provider partners do not pay an activation fee. Activation fees are not offered on a stand-alone basis separate from our SaaS offering and are billed and received at the beginning of the arrangement. We record activation fees initially as deferred revenue and we recognize these fees ratably over the expected term of the subscribers’ account which we estimate is ten years based on our annual attrition rate. The portion of these activation fees included in current and long-term deferred revenue as of our balance sheet date represents the amounts that will be recognized ratably as revenue over the following twelve months, or longer as appropriate, until the ten-year expected term is complete. The balance of deferred revenue for activation fees was $5.8 million and $6.0 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, which combines current and long-term balances.

SaaS and license revenue associated with our contracts is invoiced and revenue is recognized at an amount that corresponds directly with the value of the performance completed to date. Additionally, the consideration received from hardware sales corresponds directly with the stand-alone selling price of the hardware. As a result, we have elected to use the practical expedient related to the amount of transaction price allocated to the unsatisfied performance obligations and therefore, we have not disclosed the total remaining revenue expected to be recognized on all contracts or the expected period over which the remaining revenue would be recognized. 

Contract Assets

At contract inception, we assess the goods and services promised in our contracts with customers and identify a performance obligation for each distinct promise to transfer a good or service, or bundle of goods or services. To identify the performance obligations, we consider all of the goods or services promised in the contract, whether explicitly stated or implied based on customary business practices. We record a contract asset when we satisfy a performance obligation by transferring a promised good or service. Contract assets can be conditional or unconditional depending on whether another performance obligation must be satisfied before payment can be received. We receive payments from our service provider partners based on the billing schedule established in our contracts. All of the accounts receivable presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets represent unconditional rights to consideration. We do not have any assets from contracts containing conditional rights and we do not have any assets from satisfied performance obligations that have not been invoiced.

We recognize an asset related to the costs incurred to obtain a contract only if we expect to recover those costs and we would not have incurred those costs if the contract had not been obtained. We recognize an asset from the costs incurred to fulfill a contract if the costs (i) are specifically identifiable to a contract, (ii) enhance resources that will be used in satisfying performance obligations in future and (iii) are expected to be recovered. Our contract assets consist of capitalized commission costs and upfront payments made to a customer. Based on the policy above, we capitalize a portion of our commission costs as an incremental cost of obtaining a contract. When calculating the incremental cost of obtaining a contract, we exclude any commission costs related to metrics that could be satisfied without obtaining a contract, including training-related metrics. We amortize our commission costs over a period of three years, which is consistent with the period over which the products and services related to the commission are transferred to the customer. The three-year period was determined based on our review of historical enhancements and upgrades to our products and services. We applied the portfolio approach to account for the amortization of contract costs for those contracts that have similar characteristics. Upfront payments made to a customer are capitalized and amortized over the expected period of benefit and are recorded as a reduction to revenue.

The current portion of capitalized commission costs and upfront payments made to customers is included in other current assets within our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The non-current portion of capitalized commission costs and upfront payments made to customers is reflected in other assets within our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

We review the capitalized costs for impairment at least annually. Impairment exists if the carrying amount of the asset recognized from contract costs exceeds the remaining amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for providing the goods and services to which such asset relates, less the costs that relate directly to providing those good and services and that have not been recognized as an expense. We did not record an impairment loss on our contract assets during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

9


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
The changes in our contract assets are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Beginning of period balance$4,520 $4,306 
Commission costs and upfront payments to a customer capitalized in period806 1,106 
Amortization of contract assets(846)(809)
End of period balance$4,480 $4,603 

Contract Liabilities

Contract liabilities include payments received in advance of performance under the contract and are realized with the associated revenue recognized under the contract. All of the deferred revenue presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets represents contract liabilities resulting from advance cash receipts from customers or amounts billed in advance to customers from the sale of services. Changes in deferred revenue are due to our performance under the contract as well as to cash received from new contracts for which services have not been provided.

The changes in our contract liabilities are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Beginning of period balance$14,837 $12,529 
Revenue deferred in period3,990 3,801 
Revenue recognized from amounts included in contract liabilities(3,208)(2,674)
End of period balance$15,619 $13,656 

The revenue recognized from amounts included in contract liabilities primarily relates to prepayment contracts with customers as well as payments of activation fees.

Note 4. Accounts Receivable, Net

The components of accounts receivable, net are as follows (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Accounts receivable$106,382 $108,897 
Allowance for credit losses(2,153)(2,168)
Allowance for product returns(1,162)(1,181)
Accounts receivable, net$103,067 $105,548 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded a provision for credit losses on our accounts receivable of $0.1 million, as compared to less than $0.1 million for the same period in the prior year.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded a $0.8 million reserve for product returns in our hardware and other revenue, as compared to $0.6 million for the same period in the prior year. Historically, we have not experienced write-offs for uncollectible accounts or sales returns that have differed significantly from our estimates.

10


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
Allowance for Credit Losses - Accounts Receivable

The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the accounts receivable and notes receivable amortized cost basis (see Note 8) to present the net amount expected to be collected. We estimate the allowance balance by applying the loss-rate method using relevant available information from internal and external sources, including historical write-off activity, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Historical credit loss experience provides the basis for the estimation of expected credit losses. Adjustments to historical loss information are made for changes in economic conditions, such as changes in unemployment rates. We use projected economic conditions over a period no more than twelve months based on data from external sources. For periods beyond the twelve-month reasonable and supportable forecast period, we revert to historical loss information immediately.

The allowance for credit losses is measured on a pooled basis when similar risk characteristics exist. When assessing whether to measure certain financial assets on a pooled basis, we considered various risk characteristics, including the financial asset type, size and the historical or expected credit loss pattern. We identified the following two portfolio segments for our accounts receivable: (i) outstanding accounts receivable balances within Alarm.com and certain subsidiaries and (ii) outstanding accounts receivable balances within all other subsidiaries. There were no changes to our portfolio segments for our accounts receivable during the three months ended March 31, 2022, and no changes to our policies or practices that influenced our estimate of expected credit losses for accounts receivable. Additionally, there were no significant changes in the amount of accounts receivable write-offs during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to historical periods other than a partial write-off of $0.7 million related to one of our distribution partners' outstanding balance during the three months ended March 31, 2021, upon the distributor being acquired by a third party.

Expected credit losses are estimated over the contractual term of the financial assets and we adjust the term for expected prepayments when appropriate. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recorded a reduction of credit loss expense for accounts receivable and notes receivable of $0.1 million, as compared to less than $0.1 million for the same period in the prior year, which were recorded in general and administrative expense, in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. The contractual term excludes expected extensions, renewals and modifications because extension and renewal options are unconditionally cancelable by us. Write-offs of the amortized cost basis are recorded to the allowance for credit losses. Any subsequent recoveries of previously written off balances are recorded as a reduction to credit loss expense.

The changes in our allowance for credit losses for accounts receivable are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2022
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
 Alarm.com
and Certain
Subsidiaries
All Other
Subsidiaries
 Alarm.com
and Certain
Subsidiaries
All Other
Subsidiaries
Beginning of period balance$(2,035)$(133)$(4,442)$(254)
(Provision for) / recovery of expected credit losses(155)101 (36)4 
Write-offs68 1 808 8 
End of period balance$(2,122)$(31)$(3,670)$(242)

Note 5. Inventory

The components of inventory are as follows (in thousands):
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Raw materials$17,412 $15,823 
Finished goods69,024 59,453 
Total inventory$86,436 $75,276 

11


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
Note 6. Acquisitions

On December 16, 2021, EnergyHub, Inc., one of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, acquired certain assets of an unrelated third party. Substantially all of the acquired assets consisted of developed technology. We believe the acquisition of the developed technology will continue to advance our load-shaping energy management solution allowing additional devices to participate in utility programs that reduce or shift power consumption during peak demand periods.

In consideration for the purchase of the developed technology, we paid $4.2 million in cash in December 2021, with the remaining $0.9 million expected to be paid 18 months following the acquisition date, subject to offset for any indemnification obligations. Additionally, we incurred $0.2 million in direct transaction costs related to legal fees during 2021 that were capitalized as a component of the consideration transferred. The combined $5.3 million consideration related to developed technology was recorded as an intangible asset at the time of the asset acquisition and will be amortized on a straight-line basis over an estimated useful life of seven years.

Note 7. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

The changes in goodwill by reportable segment are outlined below (in thousands):
Alarm.comOtherTotal
Balance as of January 1, 2022
$112,901 $ $112,901 
Goodwill acquired   
Balance as of March 31, 2022$112,901 $ $112,901 

There were no impairments of goodwill during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

The following table reflects changes in the net carrying amount of the components of intangible assets (in thousands):
Customer
Relationships
Developed
Technology
Trade NameTotal
Balance as of January 1, 2022
$59,426 $30,157 $1,823 $91,406 
Amortization(2,976)(1,446)(153)(4,575)
Balance as of March 31, 2022$56,450 $28,711 $1,670 $86,831 

We recorded $4.6 million of amortization related to our intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to $4.3 million for the same period in the prior year. There were no impairments of long-lived intangible assets during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 we wrote-off $0.7 million in fully amortized intangible assets in the Alarm.com segment that were acquired in 2014 related to customer relationships, developed technology, trade name and other intangible assets that no longer existed as of January 1, 2022.

12


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
The following tables reflect the weighted average remaining life and carrying value of finite-lived intangible assets (in thousands, except weighted-average remaining life):
 March 31, 2022
 Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Value
Weighted-
Average
Remaining Life
(in years)
Customer relationships$125,885 $(69,435)$56,450 7.7
Developed technology49,143 (20,432)28,711 6.2
Trade name3,787 (2,117)1,670 2.9
Total intangible assets$178,815 $(91,984)$86,831 7.1
 December 31, 2021
 Gross
Carrying
Amount
Impairment of Intangible AssetsAccumulated
Amortization
Net
Carrying
Value
Weighted-
Average
Remaining Life
(in years)
Customer relationships$126,093 $(86)$(66,581)$59,426 7.9
Developed technology49,371  (19,214)30,157 6.5
Trade name3,815  (1,992)1,823 3.1
Other234  (234) 0.0
Total intangible assets$179,513 $(86)$(88,021)$91,406 7.4

Note 8. Other Assets

Purchases of Patents and Patent Licenses

From time to time, we enter into agreements to purchase patents or patent licenses. The carrying value, net of amortization, of our purchased patents and patent licenses was $2.0 million and $2.2 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $0.5 million and $0.6 million of patent costs were included in other current assets and $1.5 million and $1.6 million of patent costs were included in other assets, respectively. We have $7.0 million of historical cost in purchased patents and patent licenses as of March 31, 2022. We are amortizing the patent costs over the estimated useful lives of the patents, which range from three years to 18 years. Patent amortization cost of $0.1 million was included in cost of SaaS and license revenue in our condensed consolidated statements of operations for each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Patent amortization cost of $0.1 million was included in amortization and depreciation in our condensed consolidated statements of operations for each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

Loan to a Distribution Partner

In June 2020, we amended an existing term loan with our distribution partner and also amended an existing subordinated credit agreement with the affiliated entity of the distribution partner. At the time of the amended term loan and subordinated credit agreement in June 2020, the outstanding balance of the term loan was $3.0 million and the outstanding balance of the subordinated credit agreement was $3.0 million. Under the amended terms, the distribution partner paid us $2.0 million in principal for the term loan on June 9, 2020 and the remaining $1.0 million was transferred to the amended subordinated credit agreement with the affiliated entity of the distribution partner. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there was no remaining amount outstanding related to the amended term loan.

The amended subordinated credit agreement with the affiliated entity of the distribution partner matures on September 9, 2025 and interest on the outstanding principal balance accrues at a rate of 9.0% per annum and is payable in kind. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $4.7 million and $4.6 million of the notes receivable balance related to the subordinated credit agreement was included in other assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, respectively.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recognized $0.6 million of revenue from the distribution partner associated with these loans, as compared to $0.7 million for the same period in the prior year.

13


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
Loan to a Service Provider Partner

In July 2020, we entered into a loan agreement with a service provider partner, under which we agreed to loan the service provider partner up to $2.5 million, collateralized by the assets of the service provider partner. Interest on the outstanding principal accrues at a rate per annum equal to 9.0% and monthly interest and principal payments began in April 2021. The maturity date of the loan is July 24, 2025. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $1.1 million and $1.2 million of principal was outstanding from the service provider partner under the loan agreement, respectively.

For each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, we recognized less than $0.1 million of revenue from the service provider partner associated with this loan.

Investment in a Hardware Supplier

In October 2018, we entered into a subordinate convertible promissory note with one of our hardware suppliers. In July 2019, we converted the outstanding notes receivable balance of $5.6 million into 9,520,832 shares of Series B preferred stock in the hardware supplier. We concluded that the $5.6 million equity investment, which is included in the Alarm.com segment, does not meet the criteria for consolidation and will be accounted for using the measurement alternative. Under the alternative, we measure investments without readily determinable fair values at cost, less impairment, adjusted for observable price changes from orderly transactions for identical or similar investments. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, our investment in the hardware supplier was $5.6 million.

Investment in a Technology Partner

In December 2016, we paid $0.3 million for a convertible promissory note with a technology partner. In April 2018, the $0.3 million convertible promissory note converted into 135,135 shares of Series A-1 Preferred Stock. At the time of conversion, we determined there was no value related to the Series A-1 Preferred Stock. Based on observable price changes from orderly transactions for similar investments, we increased the amount of our investment by $0.7 million and recorded a gain within other income / (expense), net, in our consolidated statements of operations during the year ended December 31, 2020.

In February 2021, we paid $5.0 million in cash to purchase 1,000,000 shares of Series B-2 Preferred Stock from the same technology partner as part of a financing round that included other investors. The $5.0 million equity investment, which is included in the Alarm.com segment, does not meet the criteria for consolidation and is accounted for using the measurement alternative. Under the alternative, we measure investments without readily determinable fair values at cost, less impairment, adjusted for observable price changes from orderly transactions for identical or similar investments. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, our investment in the technology partner was $5.7 million.

Allowance for Credit Losses - Notes Receivable

We identified the following two portfolio segments for our notes receivable: (i) loan receivables and (ii) hardware financing receivables. There were no changes to our portfolio segments for our notes receivable during the three months ended March 31, 2022, and no changes to our policies or practices involving the issuance of notes receivable, customer acquisitions or any other factors that influenced our estimate of expected credit losses for notes receivable.

We do not accrue interest on notes receivable that are considered impaired or are 90 days or greater past due based on their contractual payment terms. Notes receivable that are 90 days or greater past due are placed on nonaccrual status. Notes receivable may be placed on nonaccrual status earlier if, in management’s opinion, a timely collection of the full principal and interest becomes uncertain. After a note receivable has been placed on nonaccrual status, interest will be recognized when cash is received. A note receivable may be returned to accrual status after all of the customer’s delinquent balances of principal and interest have been settled, and collection of all remaining contractual amounts due is reasonably assured. We have elected not to measure an allowance for credit losses for accrued interest receivables. We write-off any accrued interest on notes receivable that are considered impaired or are 90 days or greater past due based on their contractual payment terms by reversing interest income. The accrued interest receivable as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 was less than $0.1 million, and is reflected in other current assets within our condensed consolidated balance sheets and excluded from the amortized cost basis of the notes receivable. We did not write-off any accrued interest receivable during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

There were no purchases or sales of financial assets during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. There were no significant changes in the amount of note receivable write-offs during the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to historical periods.
14


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021

The changes in our allowance for credit losses for notes receivable are as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2022
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Loan
Receivables
Hardware
Financing
Receivables
Loan
Receivables
Hardware
Financing
Receivables
Beginning of period balance$(79)$(1)$(73)$(16)
Recovery of expected credit losses78   11 
Write-offs    
End of period balance$(1)$(1)$(73)$(5)

We manage our notes receivables using delinquency as a key credit quality indicator. The following tables reflect the current and delinquent notes receivable by class of financing receivables and by year of origination (in thousands):
March 31, 2022
Loan Receivables:20222021202020192018PriorTotal
Current$ $ $1,137 $5 $ $4,704 $5,846 
30-59 days past due       
60-89 days past due       
90-119 days past due       
120+ days past due       
Total$ $ $1,137 $5 $ $4,704 $5,846 
Hardware Financing Receivables:
Current$ $ $ $ $ $ $ 
30-59 days past due   2   2 
60-89 days past due       
90-119 days past due       
120+ days past due       
Total$ $ $ $2 $ $ $2 

15


ALARM.COM HOLDINGS, INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited) — (Continued)
March 31, 2022 and 2021
December 31, 2021
Loan Receivables:20212020201920182017PriorTotal
Current$ $1,151 $7 $ $4,602 $ $5,760 
30-59 days past due       
60-89 days past due       
90-119 days past due       
120+ days past due