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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended August 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                  to                 
Commission file number 0-50761
AngioDynamics, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
ango-20220831_g1.gif
 
Delaware11-3146460
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

14 Plaza Drive, Latham, New York 12110
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(518) 795-1400
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $.01ANGONASDAQ Global Select Market
Preferred Stock Purchase RightsNASDAQ Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)


 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class Outstanding as of October 7, 2022
Common Stock, par value $.01 39,107,751



AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2

PART 1. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Net sales$81,537 $76,971 
Cost of sales (exclusive of intangible amortization)39,232 36,832 
Gross profit42,305 40,139 
Operating expenses:
Research and development8,333 7,394 
Sales and marketing26,543 24,446 
General and administrative10,101 8,943 
Amortization of intangibles4,837 4,821 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration211 195 
Acquisition, restructuring and other items, net5,581 2,440 
Total operating expenses55,606 48,239 
Operating loss(13,301)(8,100)
Other expense:
Interest expense, net(381)(156)
Other expense, net(175)(352)
Total other expense, net(556)(508)
Loss before income tax benefit(13,857)(8,608)
Income tax benefit(853)(1,636)
Net loss$(13,004)$(6,972)
Loss per share
Basic$(0.33)$(0.18)
Diluted$(0.33)$(0.18)
Weighted average shares outstanding
Basic39,302 38,734 
Diluted39,302 38,734 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars)
 
Three Months Ended
Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Net loss$(13,004)$(6,972)
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax:
Foreign currency translation (550)590 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax(550)590 
Income tax expense related to items of other comprehensive income (loss)  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(550)590 
Total comprehensive loss, net of tax$(13,554)$(6,382)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars, except share data)
Aug 31, 2022May 31, 2022
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$24,564 $28,825 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $1,913 and $1,939 respectively
53,586 52,304 
Inventories57,609 51,392 
Prepaid expenses and other15,612 10,824 
Total current assets151,371 143,345 
Property, plant and equipment, net46,189 45,005 
Intangible assets, net147,976 152,380 
Goodwill201,038 201,058 
Other assets11,078 10,963 
Total assets$557,652 $552,751 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$29,258 $28,047 
Accrued liabilities25,558 34,842 
Current portion of contingent consideration8,892 8,783 
Other current liabilities2,682 2,652 
Total current liabilities66,390 74,324 
Long-term debt49,798 25,000 
Deferred income taxes15,115 16,037 
Contingent consideration, net of current portion8,266 8,165 
Other long-term liabilities4,042 4,736 
Total liabilities143,611 128,262 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
Stockholders' equity
Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 5,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 75,000,000 shares authorized; 39,847,751 and 39,541,173 shares issued and 39,477,751 and 39,171,173 shares outstanding at August 31, 2022 and May 31, 2022, respectively
381 380 
Additional paid-in capital589,984 586,879 
Accumulated deficit (171,417)(158,413)
Treasury stock, 370,000 shares at August 31, 2022 and May 31, 2022, respectively
(5,714)(5,714)
Accumulated other comprehensive income807 1,357 
Total Stockholders’ Equity414,041 424,489 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$557,652 $552,751 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended
Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(13,004)$(6,972)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization7,660 6,997 
Non-cash lease expense621 602 
Stock based compensation3,024 2,429 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration211 195 
Deferred income taxes(907)(1,690)
Change in accounts receivable allowances45 (44)
Fixed and intangible asset impairments and disposals87 30 
Other(96)(46)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(1,425)(36)
Inventories(6,238)(670)
Prepaid expenses and other(5,733)(3,354)
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities(8,990)(6,345)
Net cash used in operating activities(24,745)(8,904)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Additions to property, plant and equipment(809)(1,021)
Acquisition of intangibles(540) 
Additions to placement and evaluation units(2,227)(4,471)
Cash paid for acquisitions (3,600)
Net cash used in investing activities(3,576)(9,092)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from borrowings on long-term debt70,000 5,000 
Repayment of long-term debt(45,000) 
Deferred financing costs on long-term debt(706) 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options and employee stock purchase plan82 446 
Net cash provided by financing activities24,376 5,446 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(316)(139)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents(4,261)(12,689)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period28,825 48,161 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$24,564 $35,472 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Accrual for capital expenditures incurred during the period$426 $162 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
6

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(unaudited)
(in thousands of dollars, except share data)

  
Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated deficit Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income
Treasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance at May 31, 202239,541,173 $380 $586,879 $(158,413)$1,357 (370,000)$(5,714)$424,489 
Net loss(13,004)(13,004)
Exercise of stock options6,617 (29)(29)
Issuance/Cancellation of restricted stock units213,241 (648)(648)
Issuance/Cancellation of performance share units29,826 (312)(312)
Purchases of common stock under ESPP56,894 1 1,070 1,071 
Stock-based compensation3,024 3,024 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(550)(550)
Balance at August 31, 202239,847,751 $381 $589,984 $(171,417)$807 (370,000)$(5,714)$414,041 


Common StockAdditional
paid in
capital
Accumulated deficit Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income
Treasury Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance at May 31, 202138,920,951 $377 $573,507 $(131,866)$3,153 (370,000)$(5,714)$439,457 
Net loss(6,972)(6,972)
Exercise of stock options80,635 1 1,279 1,280 
Issuance/Cancellation of restricted stock units279,495 (1,734)(1,734)
Issuance/Cancellation of performance share units59,371 — 
Purchases of common stock under ESPP49,789 1 899 900 
Stock-based compensation2,429 2,429 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax590 590 
Balance at August 31, 202139,390,241 $379 $576,380 $(138,838)$3,743 (370,000)$(5,714)$435,950 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
7

AngioDynamics, Inc. and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)
1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The Consolidated Statements of Operations and the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of August 31, 2022, the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, and the Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021 have been prepared by the Company and are unaudited. The Consolidated Balance Sheet as of May 31, 2022 was derived from audited consolidated financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to state fairly the financial position, changes in stockholders’ equity and comprehensive income, results of operations and cash flows as of and for the period ended August 31, 2022 (and for all periods presented) have been made.
The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021 include the accounts of AngioDynamics, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, the "Company", "we", "our" or "us"). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
2. ACQUISITIONS
Camaro Support Catheter Asset Acquisition
On July 27, 2021, the Company acquired the Camaro support catheter (rebranded as Syntrax) from QX Medical, LLC for an aggregate purchase price of $4.0 million, which included an upfront payment of $3.6 million and $0.4 million in purchase price holdbacks, along with $1.0 million of potential future contingent consideration related to revenue milestones. This acquisition supports the Auryon product family and the Company's strategic plan. The Company accounted for this acquisition as an asset purchase. The Company recorded the amount paid at closing as inventory and fixed assets of $0.1 million and an intangible asset product technology of $3.9 million. The intangible asset will be amortized over 15 years. The contingent consideration is comprised of revenue milestones and will be accounted for when the contingency is resolved or becomes probable and reasonably estimable.
3. REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
Revenue Recognition
Under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services, in an amount that reflects the consideration which the entity expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that an entity determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.
The Company has one primary revenue stream which is the sales of its products.
Disaggregation of Revenue
As the Company has previously announced, the Company is focused on its ongoing transformation from a company with a broad portfolio of largely undifferentiated products to a more focused medical technology company that delivers unique and innovative health care solutions. The Company believes that this transformation will enable the Company to shift the portfolio from the mature, lower-growth markets where we have competed in the past by investing in technology and products that provide access to larger and faster growing markets. As such, we believe the growth in the near to mid-term will be driven by our Med Tech segment.
The following table summarizes net sales by Med Tech, Med Device and by geography:
8

Three Months Ended August 31, 2022Three Months Ended August 31, 2021
(in thousands)United StatesInternationalTotalUnited StatesInternationalTotal
Net sales
Med Tech $20,442 $2,375 $22,817 $15,223 $2,384 $17,607 
Med Device48,581 10,139 58,720 49,241 10,123 59,364 
Total$69,023 $12,514 $81,537 $64,464 $12,507 $76,971 
Net Product Revenue
The Company's products consist of a wide range of medical, surgical and diagnostic devices used by professional healthcare providers for vascular access, for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease and for use in oncology and surgical settings. The Company's devices are generally used in minimally invasive, image-guided procedures. Most of the Company's products are intended to be used once and then discarded, or they may be implanted for short or long term use. The Company sells its products to its distributors and to end users, such as interventional radiologists, interventional cardiologists, vascular surgeons, urologists, interventional and surgical oncologists and critical care nurses.
Contracts and Performance Obligations
The Company contracts with its customers based on customer purchase orders, which in many cases are governed by master purchasing agreements. The Company’s contracts with customers are generally for product only, and do not include other performance obligations such as services or other material rights. As part of its assessment of each contract, the Company evaluates certain factors including the customer’s ability to pay (or credit risk). For each contract, the Company considers the promise to transfer products, each of which is distinct, to be the identified performance obligations.
Transaction Price and Allocation to Performance Obligations
Transaction prices of products are typically based on contracted rates. Product revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products to a customer, net of any variable consideration as described below.
If a contract contains a single performance obligation, the entire transaction price is allocated to the single performance obligation. Contracts that contain multiple performance obligations require an allocation of the transaction price based on the estimated relative standalone selling prices of the promised products underlying each performance obligation. The Company has standard pricing for its products and determines standalone selling prices based on the price at which the performance obligation is sold separately.
Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized when control of the product is transferred to the customer (i.e., when the Company’s performance obligation is satisfied), which occurs at a point in time, and may be upon shipment from the Company’s manufacturing site or delivery to the customer’s named location, based on the shipping terms of a contract.
In determining whether control has transferred, the Company considers if there is a present right to payment from the customer and when physical possession, legal title and risks and rewards of ownership have transferred to the customer.
The Company typically invoices customers upon satisfaction of identified performance obligations. As the Company’s standard payment terms are 30 to 90 days from invoicing, the Company does not provide any significant financing to its customers.
The Company enters into agreements to place placement and evaluation units (“units”) at customer sites, but the Company retains title to the units. For the duration of these agreements the customer has the right to use the unit at no upfront charge in connection with the customer’s ongoing purchase of disposables. These types of agreements include an embedded operating lease for the right to use the units. In these arrangements, revenue recognized for the sale of the disposables is not allocated between the disposal revenue and lease revenue due to the insignificant value of the units in relation to the total agreement value.
Sales, value add, and other taxes collected on behalf of third parties are excluded from revenue.
Variable Consideration
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Reserves: Revenue from product sales are recorded at the net sales price (transaction price), which includes estimates of variable consideration for which reserves are established for discounts, returns, rebates and allowances that are offered within contracts between the Company and its customers. These reserves are based on the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales and are classified as a contra asset.
Rebates and Allowances: The Company provides certain customers with rebates and allowances that are explicitly stated in the Company’s contracts and are recorded as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. The Company establishes reserves for such amounts, which is included in accrued expenses in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets. These rebates and allowances result from performance-based offers that are primarily based on attaining contractually specified sales volumes. The Company is also required to pay administrative fees to group purchasing organizations.
Product Returns: The Company generally offers customers a limited right of return. Product returns after 30 days must be pre-approved by the Company and customers may be subject to a 20% restocking charge. To be accepted, a returned product must be unadulterated, undamaged and have at least twelve months remaining prior to its expiration date. The Company estimates the amount of its product sales that may be returned by its customers and records this estimate as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. The Company currently estimates product return liabilities using its historical product return information and considers other factors that it believes could significantly impact its expected returns, including product recalls. During the three months ended August 31, 2022, such product returns were not material.
Contract Balances with Customers
A receivable is generally recognized in the period the Company ships the product. Payment terms on invoiced amounts are based on contractual terms with each customer and generally coincide with revenue recognition. Accordingly, the Company does not have any contract assets associated with the future right to invoice its customers. In some cases, if control of the product has not yet transferred to the customer or the timing of the payments made by the customer precedes the Company’s fulfillment of the performance obligation, the Company recognizes a contract liability that is included in deferred revenue in the accompanying Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The following table presents changes in the Company’s receivables, contract assets and contract liabilities with customers:
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022
May 31, 2022
Receivables$53,586 $52,304 
Contract assets$ $ 
Contract liabilities$647 $526 
During the three months ended August 31, 2022, the Company had additions to contract liabilities of $0.3 million. This was offset by $0.2 million in revenue that was recognized during the three months ended August 31, 2022.
Costs to Obtain or Fulfill a Customer Contract
Under ASC 606, the Company may recognize an asset for incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if it expects to recover those costs. The Company’s sales incentive compensation plans qualify for capitalization since these plans are directly related to sales achieved during a period of time. However, the Company has elected the practical expedient under ASC 340-40-25-4 to expense the costs as they are incurred within selling and marketing expenses since the amortization period is less than one year.
The Company accounts for shipping and handling activities related to contracts with customers as costs to fulfill the promise to transfer the associated products. Shipping and handling costs, associated with the distribution of finished products to customers, are recorded in costs of goods sold and are recognized when the related finished product is shipped to the customer. Amounts charged to customers for shipping and handling are recorded in net sales.









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4. INVENTORIES
Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value (using the first-in, first-out method). Inventories consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022May 31, 2022
Raw materials$32,474 $28,251 
Work in process8,113 7,186 
Finished goods17,022 15,955 
Inventories$57,609 $51,392 
The Company periodically reviews inventory for both obsolescence and loss of value. The Company makes assumptions about the future demand for and market value of the inventory. Based on these assumptions, the Company estimates the amount of obsolete, expiring and slow-moving inventory. The total inventory reserve at August 31, 2022 and May 31, 2022 was $3.8 million and $3.7 million, respectively.

5. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Goodwill is not amortized, but rather, is tested for impairment annually or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in each business combination.
The Company has historically performed its annual goodwill assessment during the third quarter of each fiscal year. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2022, the Company changed its annual impairment assessment date from December 31 to April 30 to more closely align the impairment assessment date with the Company's long term planning and forecasting process.
The Company's annual testing for impairment of goodwill was completed as of April 30, 2022. Prior to the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company managed its operations as one reporting unit. At the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company began to manage its operations as two operating segments and two reporting units, namely Med Tech and Med Device (see Note 11"Segment and Geographic Information" set forth in the Notes to our consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q). As a result of this change, goodwill was required to be allocated to each reporting unit and an interim goodwill impairment assessment was performed at the Company and reporting unit levels. To determine the fair value of the individual reporting units and the entire company as of June 1, 2022, the Company utilized the income approach. The income approach is based on the projected cash flows discounted to their present value using discount rates, that in the Company's judgment, consider the timing and risk of the forecasted cash flows using internally developed forecasts and assumptions. Under the income approach, the discount rate used is the average estimated value of a market participant’s cost of capital and debt, derived using customary market metrics. Other significant assumptions include revenue growth rates, profitability projections, and terminal value growth rates. The market approach was also considered; however, the income approach was chosen as the Company determined it is a better representation of both the Med Tech and Med Device reporting units' projected long-term performance. The fair value of each reporting unit and the Company as a whole was assessed to determine if there was any impairment. The Company compared each reporting unit's fair value to the adjusted carrying value to conclude that there was no impairment for either reporting unit or the Company as a whole. The adjusted carrying value of each reporting unit was used to calculate the Company's book value to compare to its market capitalization at the assessment date. Based on the results of this evaluation, there were no adjustments to goodwill for either reporting unit or the Company as a whole as of August 31, 2022.
Even though the Company determined that there was no goodwill impairment at August 31, 2022, the future occurrence of a potential indicator of impairment, such as a significant adverse change in legal, regulatory, business or economic conditions or a more-likely-than-not expectation that one of the reporting units or a significant portion of either of the reporting units will be sold or disposed of, would require an interim assessment for the reporting units prior to the next required annual assessment as of April 30, 2023.



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Goodwill for each reporting unit is allocated as follows:
Three Months Ended Aug 31, 2022
(in thousands)Med Tech Med Device Total
Balance, June 1, 2022$160,529 $40,529 $201,058 
Foreign currency translation adjustments (20) (20)
Balance, August 31, 2022
$160,509 $40,529 $201,038 
There were no adjustments to goodwill for the three months ended August 31, 2022 other than foreign currency translation adjustments.
Definite Lived Intangible Assets
Intangible assets other than goodwill are amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. Useful lives range from two to eighteen years. The Company periodically reviews, and adjusts, if necessary, the estimated useful lives of its intangible assets and reviews such assets or asset groups for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets or asset groups may not be recoverable. If an intangible asset or asset group is considered to be impaired, the amount of the impairment will equal the excess of the carrying value over the fair value of the asset.
Intangible assets consisted of the following:
Aug 31, 2022
(in thousands)Gross carrying valueAccumulated amortizationNet carrying value
Product technologies$239,354 $(115,865)$123,489 
Customer relationships60,034 (38,926)21,108 
Trademarks9,950 (7,256)2,694 
Licenses5,377 (4,692)685 
$314,715 $(166,739)$147,976 
May 31, 2022
(in thousands)Gross carrying valueAccumulated amortizationNet carrying value
Product technologies$239,467 $(112,141)$127,326 
Customer relationships60,115 (38,003)22,112 
Trademarks9,950 (7,185)2,765 
Licenses4,837 (4,660)177 
$314,369 $(161,989)$152,380 
Amortization expense for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021 was $4.8 million and $4.8 million, respectively.
Expected future amortization expense related to the intangible assets for each of the following fiscal years is as follows:
(in thousands)
Remainder of 2023$14,134 
202416,780 
202516,761 
202616,580 
202716,410 
2028 and thereafter67,311 
$147,976 





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6. ACCRUED LIABILITIES
Accrued liabilities consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022May 31, 2022
Payroll and related expenses$10,109 $20,232 
Royalties1,518 2,986 
Outside services5,917 3,731 
Research and development1,332 1,279 
Sales and franchise taxes938 750 
Rebates558 511 
Other5,186 5,353 
$25,558 $34,842 
7. LONG-TERM DEBT
On August 30, 2022, the Company repaid all amounts outstanding under its then existing credit agreement and entered into a new Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with its lenders, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as Administrative Agent, sole bookrunner, and sole lead arranger, and Bank of America, N.A. and KeyBank National Association, as Syndication Agents.
The Credit Agreement provides for a $75.0 million secured revolving credit facility (the "Revolving Facility") and a $30.0 million delayed draw term loan (the "Delayed Draw Term Loan"), and also includes an uncommitted expansion feature that allows the Company to increase the total revolving commitments and/or add new tranches of term loans in an aggregate amount not to exceed $75.0 million.  Each exercise of such expansion feature must be drawn in $5.0 million increments. The proceeds of the Revolving Facility may be used for general corporate purposes, including permitted acquisitions. The proceeds of the Delayed Draw Term Loan may be used for general corporate purposes, including primarily to finance the manufacturing costs of the Auryon laser capital equipment.
The Credit Agreement has a five-year maturity. Interest on the Revolving Facility and Delayed Draw Term Loan will be based, at the Company's option, on a rate equal to (i) the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") plus 0.10% (subject to a floor of 0%), or (ii) if the Company elects to treat a borrowing as an ABR Borrowing, an alternate base rate based on SOFR, plus, in each case, an applicable margin of 1.25%, 1.50% or 1.75%, depending on the leverage ratio. If any amounts are not paid when due, such overdue amounts will bear interest at an amount generally equal to 2.0% plus the existing loan rate. The Credit Agreement also carries a commitment fee in the case of the Revolving Facility, and a ticking fee, in the case of the Delayed Draw Term Loans of 0.20% to 0.25% per annum on the unused portion.
The Company's obligations under the Credit Agreement are unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by the Company's material direct and indirect domestic subsidiaries (the “Guarantors”). All obligations of the Company and the Guarantors under the Credit Agreement are secured by first priority security interests in substantially all of the assets of the Company and the Guarantors.
The Credit Agreement includes customary representations, warranties and covenants, and acceleration, indemnity and events of default provisions, including, among other things, two quarterly financial covenants as follows: 
Maximum leverage ratio of consolidated total indebtedness* to consolidated EBITDA* of not greater than 3.00 to 1.00 (during certain periods following material acquisitions the ratio shall be increased to 3.50 to 1.00).
Fixed charge coverage ratio of consolidated EBITDA minus consolidated capital expenditures* to consolidated interest expense* paid or payable in cash plus scheduled principal payments in respect of indebtedness under the Credit Agreement of not less than 1.25 to 1.00.
* The definitions of consolidated total indebtedness, consolidated EBITDA, consolidated capital expenditures and consolidated interest expense are specifically defined in the Credit Agreement included as an exhibit to Form 8-K filed on August 31, 2022.
As of August 31, 2022, there was $25.0 million outstanding on the Revolving Facility and $25.0 million outstanding on the Delayed Draw Term Loan and the interest rate at August 31, 2022 applicable to each was 4.06%. As of August 31, 2022 and May 31, 2022, the carrying value of long-term debt approximated its fair market value.
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(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022
Revolving Facility$25,000 
Delayed Draw Term Loan25,000 
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs(202)
      Total long-term debt$49,798 

Principal payments of approximately 3.57% on the Delayed Draw Term Loan will amortize in equal quarterly installments over a five year period beginning on the earlier of a full draw or the expiry of the draw period (March 1, 2024).

8. INCOME TAXES
The Company provides for income taxes at the end of each interim period based on the estimated effective tax rate for the full fiscal year adjusted for any discrete events, which are recorded in the period that they occur.  The estimated annual effective tax rate prior to discrete items was 5.5% as of the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, as compared to 10.6% for the same period in fiscal year 2022. In fiscal year 2023, the Company’s effective tax rate differs from the U.S. statutory rate primarily due to the impact of the valuation allowance, foreign taxes, and other non-deductible permanent items (such as non-deductible meals and entertainment, Section 162(m) excess compensation and non-deductible share-based compensation).
The Company regularly assesses its ability to realize its deferred tax assets. Assessing the realization of deferred tax assets requires significant management judgment. In determining whether its deferred tax assets are more likely than not realizable, the Company evaluated all available positive and negative evidence, and weighted the evidence based on its objectivity.
Based on the review of all available evidence, the Company determined that it has not yet attained a sustained level of profitability and the objectively verifiable negative evidence outweighed the positive evidence. Therefore, the Company has provided a valuation allowance on its federal and state net operating loss carryforwards, federal and state R&D credit carryforwards and other net deferred tax assets that have a limited life and are not supportable by the naked credit deferred tax liability sourced income as of August 31, 2022. The Company will continue to assess the level of the valuation allowance required. If sufficient positive evidence exists in future periods to support a release of some or all of the valuation allowance, such a release would likely have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations.

9. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
On October 13, 2020, the Company's shareholders approved the 2020 Stock and Incentive Award Plan (the “2020 Plan”). The 2020 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, non-statutory stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights, performance share units, performance shares and other incentive awards to the Company's employees, directors and other service providers. As of August 31, 2022, there was a maximum of 0.8 million shares of common stock available for future grant under the 2020 Plan.
Prior to the adoption of the 2020 Plan, equity awards were issued under the 2004 Stock and Incentive Award Plan (the “2004 Plan”). The adoption of the 2020 Plan did not impact the administration of equity awards issued under the 2004 Plan but following the adoption of the 2020 Plan, equity award grants are no longer made under the 2004 Plan.
The Company also has an employee stock purchase plan. As of August 31, 2022, there was a maximum of 2.3 million shares of common stock available for future grant under the employee stock purchase plan.
For the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, share-based compensation expense was $3.0 million and $2.4 million, respectively.
During the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company granted stock options and restricted stock units under the 2020 Plan to certain employees and members of the Board of Directors. Stock option awards are valued using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model and then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award. Restricted stock unit awards are valued based on the closing trading value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant and then amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award.
During the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company granted performance share units under the 2020 Plan to certain employees. The awards may be earned by achieving performance levels over the requisite service period. The performance criteria are based on achieving certain performance targets and the total shareholder return (“TSR”) of the Company’s common stock relative to the TSR of the common stock of a pre-defined industry peer-group. The fair value of these awards is based on a Monte Carlo simulation model.
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As of August 31, 2022, there was $27.1 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to share-based payment arrangements. These costs are expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately two years. The Company has sufficient shares to satisfy expected share-based payment arrangements.
10. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding without consideration of potential common stock. Diluted earnings per share includes the dilutive effect of potential common stock consisting of stock options, restricted stock units and performance stock units, provided that the inclusion of such securities is not anti-dilutive. In periods with a net loss, stock options and restricted stock units are not included in the computation of diluted loss per share as the impact would be anti-dilutive.
The following table reconciles basic to diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Basic39,302 38,734 
Effect of dilutive securities  
Diluted39,302 38,734 
Securities excluded as their inclusion would be anti-dilutive3,821 3,443 

11. SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
Segment information
The Company regularly reviews its segments and the approach used by the chief operating decision maker and management to evaluate performance and allocate resources. Prior to the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company considered the business to be a single operating segment engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of medical devices for vascular access, peripheral vascular disease and oncology on a global basis. Commencing with the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company began to manage its operations through two segments, Med Tech and Med Device to align with the transformation from a company with a broad portfolio of largely undifferentiated products to a more focused medical technology company. The Company's chief operating decision maker, the President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO), evaluates these two segments based on net sales and gross margin to, among other items, allocate resources and assess performance. Executives reporting to the CEO include those responsible for commercial operations, manufacturing operations, regulatory and quality and certain corporate functions. The CEO evaluates all other elements of profitability, investment and cash flow metrics on a consolidated global basis due to shared infrastructure and resources.
The Company manages its assets on a total company basis, not by operating segment; therefore, the CEO does not review any asset information by operating segment and, accordingly, asset information is not reported or evaluated by operating segment. Total assets were $557.7 million as of August 31, 2022.
The table below summarizes net sales and gross margin by Med Tech and Med Device including prior periods during which the Company considered the business to be a single operating segment, in order to conform to the current period presentation:
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Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Med Tech Net Sales$22,817 $17,607 
Gross profit 14,429 11,517 
Gross margin 63.2 %65.4 %
Med Device Net Sales$58,720 $59,364 
Gross profit 27,876 28,622 
Gross margin 47.5 %48.2 %
Total Net Sales$81,537 $76,971 
Gross profit42,305 40,139 
Gross margin51.9 %52.1 %
Geographic information
The table below summarizes net sales by geographic area based on external customer location:
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Net Sales
United States$69,023 $64,464 
International12,514 12,507 
Total$81,537 $76,971 
As of August 31, 2022 and 2021, international sales as a percentage of total net sales were 15.3% and 16.2%, respectively. Sales to any one country outside the U.S., as determined by shipment destination, did not comprise a material portion of net sales in any of the last three fiscal years. In addition, no one customer represents more than 10% of consolidated net sales and 96% of long-lived assets are located within the United States.

12. FAIR VALUE
On a recurring basis, the Company measures certain financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value based upon quoted market prices, where available. Where quoted market prices or other observable inputs are not available, the Company applies valuation techniques to estimate fair value. FASB ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurements. The categorization of financial assets and financial liabilities within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The three levels of the hierarchy are defined as follows:
Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted market prices for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are other observable inputs, including quoted market prices for similar assets or liabilities and market-corroborated inputs.
Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable inputs based on management’s best estimate of inputs market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date, including assumptions about risk.
The Company's financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and contingent consideration. The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximates fair value due to their immediate or short-term maturities. The recurring fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) relate to contingent consideration liabilities.
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The following tables provide information by level for assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
Fair Value Measurements using inputs considered as:
Fair Value at Aug 31, 2022
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3
Financial Liabilities
Contingent consideration for acquisition earn outs$ $ $17,158 $17,158 
Total Financial Liabilities$ $ $17,158 $17,158 
Fair Value Measurements using inputs considered as:
Fair Value at May 31, 2022
(in thousands)Level 1Level 2Level 3
Financial Liabilities
Contingent consideration for acquisition earn outs$ $ $16,948 $16,948 
Total Financial Liabilities$ $ $16,948 $16,948 
There were no transfers between Level 1, 2 and 3 for the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021.
The table below presents the changes in fair value components of Level 3 instruments:
Three Months Ended Aug 31, 2022
(in thousands)Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Balance, May 31, 2022$16,948 
Change in present value of contingent consideration (1)
211 
Currency gain from remeasurement(1)
Balance, August 31, 2022
$17,158 
(1) Change in the fair value of contingent consideration is included in earnings and comprised of changes in estimated earn out payments based on projections of Company performance and amortization of the present value discount.
Contingent Liability for Acquisition Earn Outs
Some of the Company's business combinations involve the potential for the payment of future contingent consideration upon the achievement of certain product development milestones or various other performance conditions. Payment of the additional consideration is generally contingent on the acquired company reaching certain performance milestones, including attaining specified revenue levels or product development targets. Contingent consideration is recorded at the estimated fair value of the contingent payments on the acquisition date. The fair value of the contingent consideration is remeasured at the estimated fair value at each reporting period with the change in fair value recognized as income or expense within change in fair value of contingent consideration in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The Company measures the initial liability and remeasures the liability on a recurring basis using Level 3 inputs as defined under authoritative guidance for fair value measurements, which is determined using a discounted cash flow model applied to projected net sales, using probabilities of achieving projected net sales and projected payment dates. Projected net sales are based on internal projections and extensive analysis of the target market and the sales potential. Increases or decreases in any valuation inputs in isolation may result in a significantly lower or higher fair value measurement in the future.
The recurring Level 3 fair value measurements of the contingent consideration liabilities include the following significant unobservable inputs as of August 31, 2022:
(in thousands)Fair ValueValuation TechniqueUnobservable InputRange
Revenue based payments$17,158 Discounted cash flowDiscount rate5%
Probability of payment
66% - 100%
Projected fiscal year of payment2023 - 2025
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At August 31, 2022, the amount of undiscounted future contingent consideration that the Company expects to pay as a result of all completed acquisitions is approximately $20.0 million. The milestones, including revenue projections and technical milestones associated with the contingent consideration, must be reached in future periods ranging from fiscal years 2023 to 2029 in order for the associated consideration to be paid.

13. LEASES
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception of the contract. The Company has operating leases for buildings, primarily for office space, R&D, manufacturing and warehousing.
Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. Many of the lease agreements contain renewal or termination clauses that are factored into the determination of the lease term if it is reasonably certain that these options would be exercised. The Company recognizes lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The following table presents supplemental balance sheet information related to leases:
(in thousands)Balance Sheet LocationAug 31, 2022May 31, 2022
Assets
Operating lease ROU assetOther assets$6,335 $6,974 
Liabilities
Current operating lease liabilitiesOther current liabilities2,588 2,560 
Non-current operating lease liabilitiesOther long-term liabilities4,008 4,703 
Total lease liabilities$6,596 $7,263 
The interest rate implicit in lease agreements is typically not readily determinable, and as such the Company used the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of future payments. The incremental borrowing rate is defined as the interest the Company would pay to borrow on a collateralized basis, considering factors such as length of lease term. The following table presents the weighted average remaining lease term and discount rate:
Aug 31, 2022
Weighted average remaining term (in years)3.06
Weighted average discount rate3.8 %
The maturities of the lease liabilities for each of the following fiscal years is:
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022
Remainder of 2023$2,079 
20242,183 
20251,419 
20261,125 
2027 and thereafter171 
Total lease payments$6,977 
Less: Imputed Interest381 
Total lease obligations$6,596 
Less: Current portion of lease obligations2,588 
Long-term lease obligations$4,008 
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During the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized $0.7 million and $0.7 million of operating lease expense, respectively, which includes immaterial short-term leases. The expenses on the Consolidated Statement of Operations were classified as follows:
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
Aug 31, 2022
Aug 31, 2021
Cost of sales$219 $219 
Research and development51 98 
Sales and marketing39 40 
General and administrative360 330 
$669 $687 
The following table presents supplemental cash flow and other information related to leases for the three months ended:
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
Operating cash flows from operating leases$691 $682 
ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease liabilities
Operating leases$ $ 

14. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES    
The Company is involved in various legal proceedings, including commercial, intellectual property, product liability, and regulatory matters of a nature considered normal for its business. The Company accrues for amounts related to these matters if it is probable that a liability has been incurred, and an amount can be reasonably estimated. The Company discloses such matters when there is at least a reasonable possibility that a material loss may have been incurred. However, the Company cannot predict the outcome of any litigation or the potential for future litigation.
C.R. Bard, Inc. v. AngioDynamics, Inc.
On January 11, 2012, C.R. Bard, Inc. (“Bard”) filed a suit in the United States District Court of Utah claiming certain of the Company's implantable port products infringe on three U.S. patents held by Bard (US Patent Nos. 7,785,302 ("302"), 7,959,615 (“615”) and 7,947,022 ("022")). The case was stayed pending reexamination in the US Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO"). Following the reexamination proceedings, and the parties’ related appeals to the Federal Circuit which resulted in further proceedings at the USPTO, certain claims of the 615 patent were held invalid, while the remaining claims of the 615 patent and the other two patents were upheld over the prior art references considered in the reexamination proceedings. Thereafter, the case was transferred from the District of Utah to the United States District Court for the District of Delaware (“District of Delaware”). A scheduling order was entered on March 23, 2021. On July 22, 2021, in another case against a different defendant, the District of Utah invalidated multiple claims of the ‘302, ‘022, and ‘615 Patents under 35 USC §101, including claims asserted against the Company. Following the Utah court’s decision, the Company filed a Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings based on collateral estoppel on August 9, 2021. Bard filed its opposition brief on September 2, 2021 and the Company filed a reply on September 9, 2021. Following a hearing on the Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings on December 21, 2021, the District of Delaware stayed the case pending the Federal Circuit's resolution of Bard's appeal from the Utah Decision. Previously, the Company had filed a Motion for Leave to Amend its Answer and Counterclaims on April 14, 2021. This motion sought to add counterclaims for infringement of U.S. Patent Nos. 9,168,365; 9,895,523; and 10,632,295, as well as a counterclaim of inequitable conduct. On November 5, 2021, the Company notified the District of Delaware that the Utah decision was certified for appeal to the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Contemporaneously, the Company withdrew its Motion for Leave to Amend its Answer and Counterclaims without prejudice to refile. Bard filed its Opening Appellate Brief in its appeal at the Federal Circuit on December 8, 2021, and the appeal remains pending. The Company believes these claims are without merit and intends to defend them vigorously. The Company has not recorded an expense related to the outcome of this litigation because it is not yet possible to determine if a potential loss is probable nor reasonably estimable.

On March 10, 2015, Bard and Bard Peripheral Vascular filed suit in the District of Delaware claiming certain of the Company's implantable port products infringe on three U.S. patents held by Bard (US Patent Nos. 8,475,417, 8,545,460, 8,805,478). The case proceeded through trial which began on March 4, 2019. At the close of Bard’s case, the Court granted the Company's oral motion for judgment as a matter of law as well as its motions for summary judgment on the grounds that the asserted patents are invalid, ineligible, not infringed and not willfully infringed. On May 10, 2019, the Company filed a motion for attorney fees and non-taxable expenses under 35 USC Sec. 285. Bard appealed the judgment to the Federal Circuit and on November 10, 2020, the Federal Circuit reversed the judgment in part with respect to Section 101 (subject matter eligibility), and vacated and remanded the trial court’s invalidity and non-infringement judgments. The Company filed a combined Petition
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for rehearing and rehearing en banc on December 10, 2020, which was denied on January 15, 2021. The Federal Circuit issued its mandate on January 22, 2021. On March 15, 2021, the District of Delaware entered an order requiring the parties to submit status reports and denied as moot the Company’s motion for attorney’s fees and expenses. The parties agreed to schedule trial the week of May 9, 2022, which was subsequently rescheduled for the week of November 14, 2022. The Company maintains its belief that Bard’s claims are without merit. The Company has not recorded an expense related to the outcome of this litigation because it is not yet possible to determine if a potential loss is probable nor reasonably estimable.
On March 8, 2021, Bard filed suit in the District of Delaware asserting certain of the Company’s port products (including certain related infusion sets) infringe U.S. Patent Nos. 8,025,639, 9,603,992 (“992”) and 9,603,993 (“993”). On May 20, 2021, the Company filed a Motion to Dismiss Bard’s claims with respect to the ’992 and ’993 patents. On July 22, 2021, the Company submitted the Utah court’s decision invalidating claims of the related ‘302, ‘022, and ‘615 Patents as supplemental authority in support of its Motion to Dismiss. The parties agreed to submit supplemental briefing to address the Utah court’s decision. Bard submitted its brief on August 12, 2021, and the Company submitted its reply on September 2, 2021. On December 21, 2021, the District of Delaware stayed the case pending the Federal Circuit's resolution of Bard's appeal of the Utah decision invalidating multiple claims of the ‘302, ‘022, and ‘615 patents under 35 USC §101. The Company maintains its belief that Bard's claims are without merit. The Company has not recorded an expense related to the outcome of this litigation because it is not yet possible to determine if a potential loss is probable nor reasonably estimable.
AngioDynamics, Inc. v. C.R. Bard, Inc.
On May 30, 2017, the Company commenced an action in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York entitled AngioDynamics, Inc. v. C.R. Bard, Inc. and Bard Access Systems, Inc. (“Bard”). In this action, the Company alleged that Bard had illegally tied the sales of its tip location systems to the sales of its PICCs in violation of federal antitrust laws and this practice had an anti-competitive effect in the US market for PICCs. The Company sought both monetary damages and injunctive relief. On October 6, 2022, a jury verdict was rendered finding Bard did not restrain competition in violation of federal antitrust laws.

15. ACQUISITION, RESTRUCTURING, AND OTHER ITEMS, NET
Acquisition, Restructuring and Other Items
Acquisition, restructuring and other items, net, consisted of:
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021
Legal (1)
$1,863 $2,084 
Manufacturing relocation (2)
136  
Israeli Innovation Authority prepayment (3)
3,544  
Other38 356 
Total$5,581 $2,440 
(1) Legal expenses related to litigation that is outside the normal course of business.
(2) Expenses to relocate certain manufacturing lines from Queensbury, NY to Costa Rica.
(3) In the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, a $3.5 million payment was made to the Israeli Innovation Authority to fully satisfy the obligation related to grant funds that were provided to Eximo for development of the Auryon laser prior to the acquisition in the second quarter of fiscal year 2020.

16. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Changes in each component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of tax, are as follows:
Three Months Ended Aug 31, 2022
(in thousands)Foreign currency translation income
Balance at May 31, 2022$1,357 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(550)
Net other comprehensive loss$(550)
Balance at August 31, 2022
$807 
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17. RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements - Adopted
StandardDescriptionEffective DateEffect on the Consolidated Financial Statements
ASU 2021-10,  Government Assistance (Topic 832): Disclosures by Business Entities about Government Assistance
This ASU increases the transparency of government assistance to include the disclosure of (1) the types of assistance, (2) an entity's accounting for the assistance, and (3) the effect of the assistance on an entity's financial statements. June 1, 2022The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 and it did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements - Not Yet Applicable or Adopted
StandardDescriptionEffective DateEffect on the Consolidated Financial Statements
ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers

This ASU improves the accounting for acquired revenue contracts with customers in a business combination by addressing diversity in practice and inconsistency related to recognition of an acquired contract liability and payment terms and their effect on subsequent revenue recognized by the acquirer.
June 1, 2023The Company plans to adopt the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 and does not expect there to be a material impact to the consolidated financial statements.

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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following information should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and other information included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company's 2022 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in the Form 10-Q.
Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q, including the sections entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements regarding AngioDynamics' expected future financial position, results of operations, cash flows, business strategy, budgets, projected costs, capital expenditures, products, competitive positions, growth opportunities, plans and objectives of management for future operations, as well as statements that include the words such as "expects," "reaffirms," "intends," "anticipates," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," “projects”, "optimistic," or variations of such words and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Investors are cautioned that actual events or results may differ materially from AngioDynamics' expectations, expressed or implied. Factors that may affect the actual results achieved by AngioDynamics include, without limitation, the scale and scope of the COVID-19 global pandemic, the ability of AngioDynamics to develop its existing and new products, technological advances and patents attained by competitors, infringement of AngioDynamics' technology or assertions that AngioDynamics' technology infringes the technology of third parties, the ability of AngioDynamics to effectively compete against competitors that have substantially greater resources, future actions by the FDA or other regulatory agencies, domestic and foreign health care reforms and government regulations, results of pending or future clinical trials, overall economic conditions (including inflation, labor shortages and supply chain challenges including the cost and availability of raw materials), the results of on-going litigation, challenges with respect to third-party distributors or joint venture partners or collaborators, the results of sales efforts, the effects of product recalls and product liability claims, changes in key personnel, the ability of AngioDynamics to execute on strategic initiatives, the effects of economic, credit and capital market conditions, general market conditions, market acceptance, foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, the effects on pricing from group purchasing organizations and competition, the ability of AngioDynamics to obtain regulatory clearances or approval of its products, or to integrate acquired businesses. Other risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the factors described from time to time in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").
Although we believe that the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements contained herein are reasonable, any of the assumptions could be inaccurate and, therefore, there can be no assurance that the forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q will prove to be accurate. In light of the significant uncertainties inherent in the forward-looking statements included herein, the inclusion of such information should not be regarded as a representation by us or any other person that our objectives and plans will be achieved. Any forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and, as such, investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements which speak only as of the date stated, or if no date is stated, as of the date of this report. AngioDynamics disclaims any obligation to update the forward-looking statements. 
Disclosure Regarding Trademarks
This report includes trademarks, tradenames and service marks that are our property or the property of other third parties. Solely for convenience, such trademarks and tradenames sometimes appear without any “™” or “®” symbol. However, failure to include such symbols is not intended to suggest, in any way, that we will not assert our rights or the rights of any applicable licensor, to these trademarks and tradenames. For a complete listing of all our trademarks, tradenames and service marks please visit www.angiodynamics.com/IP. Information on our website or connected to our website is not incorporated by reference into this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Executive Overview
AngioDynamics is a leading and transformative medical technology company focused on restoring healthy blood flow in the body's vascular system, expanding cancer treatment options and improving quality of life for patients. We design, manufacture and sell a wide range of medical, surgical and diagnostic devices used by professional healthcare providers for vascular access, for the treatment of peripheral vascular disease and for use in oncology and surgical settings. Our devices are generally used in minimally invasive, image-guided procedures. Many of our products are intended to be used once and then discarded, or they may be temporarily implanted for short- or long-term use.
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Our business operations cross a variety of markets. Our financial performance is impacted by changing market dynamics, which have included an emergence of value-based purchasing by healthcare providers, consolidation of healthcare providers, the increased role of the consumer in health care decision-making and an aging population, among others. In addition, our growth is impacted by changes within our sector, such as the merging of competitors to gain scale and influence; changes in the regulatory environment for medical devices; and fluctuations in the global economy.
Our sales and profitability growth also depends, in part, on the introduction of new and innovative products, together with ongoing enhancements to our existing products. Expansions of our product offerings are created through internal and external product development, technology licensing and strategic alliances. We recognize the importance of, and intend to continue to make investments in research and development activities and selective business development opportunities to provide growth opportunities.
We sell our products in the United States primarily through a direct sales force, and outside the U.S. through a combination of direct sales and distributor relationships. Our end users include interventional radiologists, interventional cardiologists, vascular surgeons, urologists, interventional and surgical oncologists and critical care nurses. We expect our businesses to grow in both sales and profitability by expanding geographically, penetrating new markets, introducing new products and increasing our presence internationally.
The COVID-19 global pandemic has impacted our business and may continue to pose future risks with the emergence of new variants. Even with the public health actions that have been taken to reduce the spread of the virus, the market continues to experience disruptions with respect to consumer demand, hospital operating procedures and workflow, trends that may continue. The Company's ability to manufacture products, the reliability of our supply chain, labor shortages, backlog and inflation (including the cost and availability of raw materials, direct labor and shipping) have impacted our business, trends that may continue. Accordingly, management continues to evaluate the Company’s liquidity position, communicate with and monitor the actions of our customers and suppliers, and review our near-term financial performance.
On August 30, 2022, the Company repaid all amounts outstanding under its then existing credit agreement and entered into a new Credit Agreement. The new Credit Agreement provides for a $75.0 million Revolving Facility and a $30.0 million Delayed Draw Term Loan as of August 31, 2022, $25.0 million was drawn on the Revolving Facility and $25.0 million was drawn on the Delayed Draw Term Loan . See Note 7 "Long-Term Debt" set forth in the Notes to the consolidated financial statements.
Commencing with the first quarter of fiscal year 2023, the Company began to manage its operations through two segments, Med Tech and Med Device to align with the transformation from a company with a broad portfolio of largely undifferentiated products to a more focused medical technology company.
In evaluating the operating performance of our business, management focuses on company-wide and segment revenue and gross margin and company-wide operating income, earnings per share and cash flow from operations. A summary of these key financial metrics for the three months ended August 31, 2022 compared to the three months ended August 31, 2021 are as follows:
Three months ended August 31, 2022:
Revenue increased by 5.9% to $81.5 million.
Med Tech growth of 29.6% while Med Device declined 1.1%.
Gross profit decreased 20 bps to 51.9%.
Med Tech gross profit decreased 220 bps to 63.2% and Med Device gross profit decreased 70 bps to 47.5%.
Net loss increased by $6.0 million to $13.0 million.
Loss per share increased by $0.15 to a loss of $0.33.
Our Med Tech revenue, comprised of Auryon, the thrombus management platform and NanoKnife grew 29.6% in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023. The growth in Auryon, the thrombus management platform and NanoKnife disposables was partially offset by decreased NanoKnife capital sales. Our Med Device revenue declined 1.1% in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023 driven by the backlog in Vascular Access products and continued pressures from reductions in Oncology procedure volumes due to challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, a trend that may continue.
Results of Operations
For the three months ended August 31, 2022, the Company reported a net loss of $13.0 million, or a loss of $0.33 per diluted share, on net sales of $81.5 million, compared with a net loss of $7.0 million, or a loss of $0.18 per diluted share, on net sales of $77.0 million during the same quarter of the prior year.
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Net Sales
Net sales - Net sales are derived from the sale of products and related freight charges, less discounts, rebates and returns.

Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021% Change
Net Sales
Med Tech$22,817 $17,607 29.6%
Med Device58,720 59,364 (1.1)%
Total$81,537 $76,971 5.9%
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021% Change
Net Sales by Geography
       United States$69,023 $64,464 7.1%
       International12,514 12,507 0.1%
           Total$81,537 $76,971 5.9%
For the three months ended August 31, 2022, net sales increased $4.6 million to $81.5 million compared to the same period in the prior year. At August 31, 2022, the Company had a backlog of $7.1 million, a decrease of $1.3 million from May 31, 2022.
The Med Tech segment net sales increased $5.2 million for the three months ended August 31, 2022 compared to the same period in the prior year period. The change in sales from the prior year was primarily driven by:
Increased Auryon sales of $2.9 million;
Growth in the thrombus management platform of $2.4 million. Increased sales in the mechanical thrombectomy platform of $2.3 million was driven by AngioVac and the launch of the AlphaVac product in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022; and
Decreased NanoKnife sales of $0.1 million, which was driven by decreased capital sales internationally. This decrease was partially offset by a $0.3 million increase in disposable sales in the U.S. and internationally.
The Med Device segment net sales decreased $0.6 million for the three months ended August 31, 2022 compared to the same period in the prior year period. The change in sales from the prior year was primarily driven by:
The backlog of $7.1 million at August 31, 2022, which primarily impacted sales of Core and Vascular Access products; and
Decreased sales of Venous, Midlines, PICCs, Ports, Radio Frequency Ablation and BioSentry of $0.5 million, $0.4 million, $0.6 million, $0.6 million, $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively. These decreases were partially offset by increased Dialysis (despite the impact of the backlog), Core and Microwave sales of $1.2 million, $0.9 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

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Gross Profit
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)Aug 31, 2022Aug 31, 2021% Change
Med Tech $14,429 $11,517 25.3 %
Gross profit % of sales63.2 %65.4 %
Med Device$27,876 $28,622