Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Sphere 3D
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$2.43 2 $5
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
20-F 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
8-K 2019-07-25 Other Events
8-K 2019-07-25 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-15 Enter Agreement, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-15 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-14 Enter Agreement, Sale of Shares, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-17 Other Events
8-K 2019-01-03 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-12-06 Officers
8-K 2018-11-26 Other Events
8-K 2018-11-13 Enter Agreement, M&A, Officers, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-12 Officers
8-K 2018-11-07 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-05 Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-02 Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-20 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-16 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-14 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-13 Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-25 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-07-19 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-07-03 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-06-19 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-06-04
8-K 2018-06-01 Enter Agreement
8-K 2018-05-31 Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-17 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-02 Enter Agreement, Sale of Shares, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-16 Enter Agreement, Sale of Shares, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-21 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
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ANY 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-10.1 exhibit1012015pip.htm
EX-10.2 exhibit102note.htm
EX-10.3 exhibit103note.htm
EX-10.4 exhibit104noteextension.htm
EX-31.1 exhibit31133119.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit31233119.htm
EX-32 exhibit3233119.htm

Sphere 3D Earnings 2019-03-31

ANY 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a10-qsphere33119.htm 10-Q Document


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019                
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from___________________________to ___________________________
Commission File Number: 001-36532
__________________________________
Sphere 3D Corp.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________
Ontario, Canada
 
98-1220792
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
895 Don Mills Road, Bldg. 2, Suite 900
 
 
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3C 1W3
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
(408) 283-4754
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨             Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨                 Smaller reporting company x
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Emerging growth company x
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ¨
As of May 8, 2019, there were 2,300,071 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
 




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Revenue
 
$
2,130

 
$
2,373

Cost of revenue
 
1,435

 
1,930

Gross profit
 
695

 
443

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
 
453

 
781

Research and development
 
697

 
1,111

General and administrative
 
1,252

 
3,000

 
 
2,402

 
4,892

Loss from operations
 
(1,707
)
 
(4,449
)
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, related party
 
(142
)
 
(558
)
Interest expense
 
(3
)
 

Other income (expense), net
 
8

 
(126
)
Net loss from continuing operations
 
(1,844
)
 
(5,133
)
Net loss from discontinued operations
 

 
(1,690
)
Net loss
 
$
(1,844
)
 
$
(6,823
)
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
(0.82
)
 
$
(5.35
)
Discontinued operations
 

 
(1.76
)
Net loss per share basic and diluted
 
$
(0.82
)
 
$
(7.11
)
Shares used in computing net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
 
2,236,590

 
959,828

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
 
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
Net loss
 
$
(1,844
)
 
$
(6,823
)
Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment
 
40

 
641

Total other comprehensive income
 
40

 
641

Comprehensive loss
 
$
(1,804
)
 
$
(6,182
)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except shares)
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
 
 
 
Assets
(Unaudited)
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
139

 
$
341

Accounts receivable, net
859

 
1,142

Inventories
1,247

 
1,230

Other current assets
596

 
784

Total current assets
2,841

 
3,497

Investment in affiliate
2,100

 
2,100

Property and equipment, net
5

 
6

Intangible assets, net
3,101

 
3,348

Goodwill
1,385

 
1,385

Other assets
1,114

 
950

Total assets
$
10,546

 
$
11,286

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Deficit
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
5,298

 
$
4,600

Accrued liabilities
1,165

 
1,711

Accrued payroll and employee compensation
1,470

 
1,717

Deferred revenue
692

 
988

Debt, related party
500

 
500

Line of credit
365

 
100

Other current liabilities
104

 
23

Total current liabilities
9,594

 
9,639

Series A redeemable preferred shares
6,701

 
6,571

Deferred revenue, long-term
772

 
667

Long-term debt, related party
523

 

Other non-current liabilities
138

 
16

Total liabilities
17,728

 
16,893

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)


 


Shareholders’ deficit:
 
 
 
Common shares, no par value; 2,300,071 and 2,219,141 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
183,753

 
183,524

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,776
)
 
(1,816
)
Accumulated deficit
(189,159
)
 
(187,315
)
Total shareholders’ deficit
(7,182
)
 
(5,607
)
Total liabilities and shareholders’ deficit
$
10,546

 
$
11,286


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



Sphere 3D Corp.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands of U.S. dollars)
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Operating activities:
(Unaudited)
Net loss
$
(1,844
)
 
$
(6,823
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
267

 
1,484

Share-based compensation
124

 
821

Preferred shares interest expense, related party
130

 

Amortization of debt issuance costs

 
183

Fair value adjustment of warrants

 
(259
)
Payment in-kind interest expense, related party

 
63

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
282

 
1,036

Inventories
(16
)
 
709

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
70

 
2,228

Accrued payroll and employee compensation
(62
)
 
(823
)
Deferred revenue
(191
)
 
(465
)
Other assets and liabilities, net
250

 
(265
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(990
)
 
(2,111
)
Investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment

 
(8
)
Net cash used in investing activities

 
(8
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from debt - related party
523

 

Proceeds from line of credit, net
265

 

Payments on debt, related party

 
(192
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
788

 
(192
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

 
40

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(202
)
 
(2,271
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
341

 
4,598

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
139

 
2,327

Less: Cash and cash equivalents, discontinued operations

 
2,163

Cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations, end of period
$
139

 
$
164

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
10

 
$
379

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of common shares for settlement of related party liabilities
$
105

 
$
483

Issuance of common shares for settlement of liabilities
$

 
$
787

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6



Sphere 3D Corp.
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(in thousands of U.S. dollars, except shares)
 
Common Shares
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Total
Shareholders'
Deficit
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at January 1, 2019
2,219,141

 
$
183,524

 
$
(1,816
)
 
$
(187,315
)
 
$
(5,607
)
Issuance of common shares pursuant to the vesting of
restricted stock units
38,930

 

 

 

 

Issuance of restricted stock awards
42,000

 
105

 

 

 
105

Share-based compensation

 
124

 

 

 
124

Other comprehensive income

 

 
40

 

 
40

Net loss

 

 

 
(1,844
)
 
(1,844
)
Balance at March 31, 2019
2,300,071

 
$
183,753

 
$
(1,776
)
 
$
(189,159
)
 
$
(7,182
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Shares
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
889,461

 
$
173,871

 
$
(1,981
)
 
$
(161,427
)
 
$
10,463

Adoption of accounting standards

 

 

 
320

 
320

Issuance of common shares for warrant exchange
178,875

 
1,364

 

 

 
1,364

Issuance of common shares for settlement of related party
     interest expense
43,120

 
483

 

 

 
483

Issuance of common shares pursuant to the vesting of
     restricted stock units
26,353

 

 

 

 

Issuance of restricted stock awards
40,654

 
787

 

 

 
787

Share-based compensation

 
821

 

 

 
821

Other comprehensive income

 

 
641

 

 
641

Net loss

 

 

 
(6,823
)
 
(6,823
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
1,178,463

 
$
177,326

 
$
(1,340
)
 
$
(167,930
)
 
$
8,056

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


Sphere 3D Corp.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1.
Organization and Business
Sphere 3D Corp. (the “Company”) was incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Ontario) on May 2, 2007 as T.B. Mining Ventures Inc. On March 24, 2015, the Company completed a short-form amalgamation with a wholly-owned subsidiary. In connection with the short-form amalgamation, the Company changed its name to “Sphere 3D Corp.”
The Company delivers data management, and desktop and application virtualization solutions through hybrid cloud, cloud and on premise implementations by its global reseller network. The Company achieves this through a combination of containerized applications, virtual desktops, virtual storage and physical hyper-converged platforms. The Company’s products allow organizations to deploy a combination of public, private or hybrid cloud strategies while backing them up with the latest storage solutions. The Company has a portfolio of brands including SnapCLOUD®, SnapServer®, SnapSync®, HVE, Glassware 2.0™, and V3®.
In November 2018, the Company completed the sale of its outstanding shares of capital stock of Overland Storage, Inc. (“Overland”). In connection with the closing of the Purchase Agreement, the Company filed an articles of amendment to its articles of amalgamation setting forth the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions of a new series of non-voting preferred shares of the Company (the “Series A Preferred Shares”). The Company entered into a Conversion Agreement between the Company and FBC Holdings S.a r.l. (“FBC Holdings”), pursuant to which $6.5 million of the Company’s then outstanding debt was converted into 6,500,000 Series A Preferred Shares (the “Preferred Shares”).
Management has projected that cash on hand will not be sufficient to allow the Company to continue operations beyond May 31, 2019 if we are unable to raise additional funding for operations. We expect our working capital needs to increase in the future as we continue to expand and enhance our operations. Our ability to raise additional funds through equity or debt financings or other sources may depend on the financial success of our current business and successful implementation of our key strategic initiatives, financial, economic and market conditions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in raising the required capital at reasonable cost and at the required times, or at all. Further equity financings may have a dilutive effect on shareholders and any debt financing, if available, may require restrictions to be placed on our future financing and operating activities. If we require additional capital and are unsuccessful in raising that capital, we may not be able to continue our business operations and advance our growth initiatives, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Significant changes from the Company’s current forecasts, including but not limited to: (i) failure to comply with the financial covenants in its debt facilities; (ii) shortfalls from projected sales levels; (iii) unexpected increases in product costs; (iv) increases in operating costs; (v) changes in the historical timing of collecting accounts receivable; and (vi) inability to maintain compliance with the requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market and/or inability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s ability to access the level of funding necessary to continue its operations at current levels. If any of these events occurs or the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or financing sources, the Company may be forced to liquidate assets where possible and/or curtail, suspend or cease planned programs or operations generally or seek bankruptcy protection or be subject to an involuntary bankruptcy petition, any of, which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial position and liquidity.
The Company incurred losses from operations and negative cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019, and such losses may continue for the foreseeable future. Based upon the Company's current expectations and projections for the next year, the Company believes that it will not have sufficient liquidity necessary to sustain operations beyond May 31, 2019. These factors, among others, raise substantial doubt that the Company will be able to continue as a going concern. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.

8



2.
Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared by management in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), applied on a basis consistent for all periods. These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, all of which are wholly owned. All intercompany balances and transactions have been appropriately eliminated in consolidation.
In November 2018, the Company closed the Purchase Agreement related to its divestiture of Overland. The 2018 financial results of Overland have been reflected in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations as discontinued operations. The Company’s 2018 statement of cash flows is presented on a combined basis, including continuing and discontinued operations. Unless it is otherwise disclosed, all other disclosures in the consolidated financial statements are related to continuing operations.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant areas requiring the use of management estimates relate to the determination of provisions for impairment assessments of goodwill, other indefinite-lived intangible assets; revenue; allowance for doubtful receivables; inventory valuation; warranty provisions; and litigation claims. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Foreign Currency Translation
The financial statements of foreign subsidiaries, for which the functional currency is the local currency, are translated into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate at the consolidated balance sheet date for assets and liabilities and a weighted-average exchange rate during the year for revenue, expenses, gains and losses. Translation adjustments are recorded as other comprehensive income (loss) within shareholders’ deficit. Gains or losses from foreign currency transactions are recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Such transactions resulted in a loss of $22,000 and $385,000 in three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
Cash Equivalents
Highly liquid investments with insignificant interest rate risk and original maturities of three months or less, when purchased, are classified as cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are composed of money market funds. The carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturities of these instruments.

9



Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable is recorded at the invoiced amount and is non-interest bearing. We estimate our allowance for doubtful accounts based on an assessment of the collectability of specific accounts and the overall condition of the accounts receivable portfolio. When evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts, we analyze specific trade and other receivables, historical bad debts, customer credits, customer concentrations, customer credit-worthiness, current economic trends and changes in customers’ payment terms and/or patterns. We review the allowance for doubtful accounts on a quarterly basis and record adjustments as considered necessary. Customer accounts are written-off against the allowance for doubtful accounts when an account is considered uncollectable.
Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value using the first-in-first-out method. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. We assess the value of inventories periodically based upon numerous factors including, among others, expected product or material demand, current market conditions, technological obsolescence, current cost, and net realizable value. If necessary, we write down our inventory for obsolete or unmarketable inventory by an amount equal to the difference between the cost of the inventory and the net realizable value.
Investment in Affiliate
The Company holds an investment in equity securities of a nonpublic company for business and strategic purposes. The equity securities do not have a readily determinable fair value and are carried at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. The Company reviews its investment on a regular basis to determine if the investment is impaired. For purposes of this assessment, the Company considers the investee’s cash position, earnings and revenue outlook, liquidity and management ownership, among other factors, in its review. If management’s assessment indicates that an impairment exists, the Company estimates the fair value of the equity investment and recognizes in current earnings an impairment loss that is equal to the difference between the fair value of the equity investment and its carrying amount.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill represents the excess of consideration paid over the value assigned to the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired. For intangible assets purchased in a business combination, the estimated fair values of the assets received are used to establish their recorded values. For intangible assets acquired in a non-monetary exchange, the estimated fair values of the assets transferred (or the estimated fair values of the assets received, if more clearly evident) are used to establish their recorded values. Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach and/or cost approach are used to measure fair value.
Purchased intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their economic lives of six to 25 years for channel partner relationships, three to nine years for developed technology, three to eight years for capitalized development costs, and two to 25 years for customer relationships as this method most closely reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the assets will be consumed.
Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill and intangible assets are tested for impairment on an annual basis at December 31, or more frequently if there are indicators of impairment. Triggering events for impairment reviews may be indicators such as adverse industry or economic trends, restructuring actions, lower projections of profitability, or a sustained decline in our market capitalization. Intangible assets are quantitatively assessed for impairment, if necessary, by comparing their estimated fair values to their carrying values. If the carrying value exceeds the fair value, the difference is recorded as an impairment.

10



Revenue Recognition
The Company generates revenue primarily from: (i) solutions for standalone storage and integrated hyper-converged storage; (ii) professional services; and (iii) warranty and customer services. As of January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which affects how the Company recognizes revenue in these arrangements. The Company applied the provisions of Topic 606 using the modified retrospective approach, with the cumulative effect of the adoption recognized as of January 1, 2018, to all contracts that had not been completed as of that date.
Approximately 70% of the Company’s revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied at a point in time. These contracts are generally comprised of a single performance obligation to transfer products. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue when change of control has been transferred to the customer, generally at the time of shipment of products. The Company sells its products both directly to customers and through distributors generally under agreements with payment terms typically less than 45 days. Revenue on direct product sales, excluding sales to distributors, are not entitled to any specific right of return or price protection, except for any defective product that may be returned under our standard product warranty. Product sales to distribution customers that are subject to certain rights of return, stock rotation privileges and price protections, contain a component of “variable consideration.” Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products and is generally based upon a negotiated fixed price and is net of estimates for variable considerations.
For performance obligations related to warranty and customer services, such as extended product warranties, the Company transfers control and recognizes revenue on a time-elapsed basis. The performance obligations are satisfied as services are rendered typically on a stand-ready basis over the contract term, which is generally 12 months.
In limited circumstances where a customer is unable to accept shipment and requests products be delivered to, and stored on, the Company’s premises, also known as a “bill-and-hold” arrangements, revenue is recognized when: (i) the customer has requested delayed delivery and storage of the products, (ii) the goods are segregated from the inventory, (iii) the product is complete, ready for shipment and physical transfer to the customer, and (iv) the Company does not have the ability to use the product or direct it to another customer.
The Company also enters into revenue arrangements that may consist of multiple performance obligations of its product and service offerings such as for sales of hardware devices and extended warranty services. The Company allocates contract fees to the performance obligations on a relative stand-alone selling price basis. The Company determines the stand-alone selling price based on its normal pricing and discounting practices for the specific product and/or service when sold separately. When the Company is unable to establish the individual stand-alone price for all elements in an arrangement by reference to sold separately instances, the Company may estimate the stand-alone selling price of each performance obligation using a cost plus a margin approach, by reference to third party evidence of selling price, based on the Company’s actual historical selling prices of similar items, or based on a combination of the aforementioned methodologies; whichever management believes provides the most reliable estimate of stand-alone selling price.
Warranty and Extended Warranty
The Company records a provision for standard warranties provided with all products. If future actual costs to repair were to differ significantly from estimates, the impact of these unforeseen costs or cost reductions would be recorded in subsequent periods.
Separately priced extended on-site warranties and service contracts are offered for sale to customers on all product lines. The Company contracts with third party service providers to provide service relating to on-site warranties and service contracts. Extended warranty and service contract revenue and amounts paid in advance to outside service organizations are deferred and recognized as service revenue and cost of service, respectively, over the period of the service agreement. The Company will typically apply the practical expedient to agreements wherein the period between transfer of any good or service in the contract and when the customer pays for that good or service is one year or less. Advanced payments for long-term maintenance and warranty contracts do not give rise to a significant financing component. Rather, such payments are required by the Company primarily for reasons other than the provision of finance to the entity.

11



Research and Development Costs
Research and development expenses include payroll, employee benefits, share-based compensation expense, and other headcount-related expenses associated with product development. Research and development expenses also include third party development and programming costs, localization costs incurred to translate software for international markets, and the amortization of capitalized internally developed software costs.
Comprehensive Loss
Comprehensive loss and its components encompass all changes in equity other than those arising from transactions with shareholders, including net loss and foreign currency translation adjustments, and is disclosed in a separate condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss.
Share-based Compensation
We account for share-based awards, and similar equity instruments, granted to employees, non-employee directors, and consultants under the fair value method. Share-based compensation award types include stock options and restricted stock. We use the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of option awards on the measurement date, which generally is the date of grant. The expense is recognized over the requisite service period (usually the vesting period) for the estimated number of instruments for which service is expected to be rendered. The fair value of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) is estimated based on the market value of the Company’s common shares on the date of grant. The fair value of options granted to non-employees is estimated at the measurement date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.
Share-based compensation expense for options with graded vesting is recognized pursuant to an accelerated method. Share-based compensation expense for RSUs is recognized over the vesting period using the straight-line method. Share-based compensation expense for an award with performance conditions is recognized when the achievement of such performance conditions are determined to be probable. If the outcome of such performance condition is not determined to be probable or is not met, no compensation expense is recognized and any previously recognized compensation expense is reversed. Forfeitures are recognized in share-based compensation expense as they occur.
We have not recognized, and do not expect to recognize in the near future, any tax benefit related to share-based compensation cost as a result of the full valuation allowance of our net deferred tax assets and its net operating loss carryforward.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. If not discussed, the Company believes that the impact of recently issued standards, which are not yet effective, will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements upon adoption.
In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820). The new guidance removes, modifies and adds to certain disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement. The update is effective for annual reporting periods, including interim periods, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2018-13 to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

12



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”). The update simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. An entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, and recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, if applicable. The loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The same impairment test also applies to any reporting unit with a zero or negative carrying amount. An entity still has the option to perform the qualitative assessment for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. The update is effective for annual reporting periods, including interim periods, beginning after December 15, 2019, on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-04 to have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”), as amended. The update increases transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and requires disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. The update is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company elected to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2019 and elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance. The practical expedients allowed us to carry forward our historical assessment of whether existing agreements are or contain a lease and the classification of our existing lease arrangements. As a result of the adoption, the Company recorded right-of-use assets and liabilities on its condensed consolidated balance sheet, which resulted in an increase in the assets and liabilities of the condensed consolidated balance sheet of $253,000, using a discount rate of 8.0%. At March 31, 2019, the weighted-average remaining lease term of the Company’s operating leases was approximately 2.3 years.
On January 1, 2019, ASU No. 2018-07, ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07). The update aligns measurement and classification guidance for share-based payments to nonemployees with the guidance applicable to employees. Under the new guidance, the measurement of equity-classified nonemployee awards will be fixed at the grant date. The update is effective for annual reporting periods, including interim periods, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of the new standard on January 1, 2019 did not have an effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
3.
Discontinued Operations
In November 2018, the Company transferred all the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Overland to SVTP in consideration for (i) the issuance to the Company of shares of Series A Preferred Stock of SVTP representing 19.9% of the outstanding shares of capital stock of SVTP as of the closing with a value of $2.1 million, (ii) the release of the Company from outstanding debt obligations totaling $41.7 million assumed by SVTP, and (iii) $1.0 million in cash proceeds from SVTP. In addition, the Company entered into a Conversion Agreement with FBC Holdings, pursuant to which $6.5 million of the Company’s outstanding related party secured note was converted into 6,500,000 Preferred Shares of the Company. In 2018, the Company recorded a loss on the divestiture of Overland of $4.3 million which was included in net loss of discontinued operations. At both March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accrued payroll and employee compensation included $1.0 million for accrued one-time employee related costs associated with the divestiture, which was included in the 2018 loss on the disposal of discontinued operations.
The Company and the buyer entered into a transition service agreement (“TSA”) to facilitate an orderly transition process. The TSA has terms ranging up to 24 months depending on the service. Expense incurred by the Company related to the TSA was approximately $81,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, and was included in continuing operations.

13



The results of discontinued operations for Overland for the three months ended March 31, 2018 have been reflected as discontinued operations in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss and consist of the following (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018
Revenue
 
$
17,075

Cost of revenue
 
11,507

Gross profit
 
5,568

Sales and marketing
 
3,609

Research and development
 
177

General and administrative
 
2,422

 
 
6,208

Loss from operations of discontinued operations
 
(640
)
Other expense of discontinued operations:
 
 
Interest expense, related party
 
(97
)
Interest expense
 
(453
)
Other expense, net
 
(160
)
Loss before income taxes of discontinued operations
 
(1,350
)
Provision for income taxes of discontinued operations
 
340

Net loss of discontinued operations
 
$
(1,690
)
Certain cash flows from discontinued operations consisted of the following amounts (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018
Depreciation and amortization
 
$
638

Capital expenditures
 
$
8

4.
Certain Balance Sheet Items
The following table summarizes inventories (in thousands):
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Raw materials
$
240

 
$
255

Work in process
302

 
282

Finished goods
705

 
693

 
$
1,247

 
$
1,230


14



The following table summarizes other current assets (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Deferred cost - service contracts
$
329

 
$
385

Prepaid insurance and services
252

 
344

Other
15

 
55

 
$
596

 
$
784

The following table summarizes other assets (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Prepaid insurance and services
$
619

 
$
653

Deferred cost – service contracts
241

 
270

Right-of-use asset
225

 

Other
29

 
27

 
$
1,114

 
$
950

5.
Intangible Assets
The following table summarizes intangible assets, net (in thousands):
 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Developed technology
$
13,383

 
$
13,383

Channel partner relationships
730

 
730

Capitalized development costs(1)
2,959

 
2,918

Customer relationships
380

 
380

 
17,452

 
17,411

Accumulated amortization:
 
 
 
Developed technology
(12,348
)
 
(12,222
)
Channel partner relationships
(267
)
 
(233
)
Capitalized development costs(1)
(1,768
)
 
(1,655
)
Customer relationships
(318
)
 
(303
)

(14,701
)
 
(14,413
)
Total finite-lived assets, net
2,751

 
2,998

Indefinite-lived intangible assets - trade names
350

 
350

Total intangible assets, net
$
3,101

 
$
3,348

________________
(1)
Includes the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.
Amortization expense of intangible assets was $266,000 and $846,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Estimated amortization expense for intangible assets is expected to be approximately $764,000 for the remainder of 2019 and $936,000, $512,000, $329,000, $34,000, and $12,000 in fiscal 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024, respectively.

15



6.
Investment in Affiliate
In November 2018, in connection with the divestiture of Overland, the Company received 1,879,699 SVTP Preferred Shares representing 19.9% of the outstanding shares of capital stock of SVTP with a fair value of $2.1 million. The fair value of this investment was estimated using discounted cash flows and consideration of the Exchange Agreement described below. The Company concluded it does not have a significant influence over the investee. There were no known identified events or changes in circumstances that may have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment at March 31, 2019.
In November 2018, the Company also entered into an Exchange and Buy-Out Agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”), between the Company, FBC Holdings, SVTP, and MF Ventures LLC (“MFV”). Under the terms of the Exchange Agreement, (i) the Company granted FBC Holdings the right to exchange up to 2,500,000 of the Company’s Preferred Shares held by FBC Holdings for up to all of the SVTP Preferred Shares held by the Company (the “Exchange Right”), with such Exchange Right expiring within two years of the November 2018 closing, and (ii) MFV and SVTP have the right to purchase up to 2,500,000 Preferred Shares held by FBC Holdings (or, following exercise of the Exchange Right by FBC Holdings, the SVTP shares held by FBC Holdings) (the “Buy-out Right”), with such Buy-out Right expiring within one year of the November 2018 closing. If MFV or SVTP exercise their Buy-out Right prior to FBC Holdings exercise of its Exchange Right, then any Preferred Shares subject to the exercise of the Buy-out Right will automatically be exchanged for the same number of SVTP Preferred Shares that would have been issued to FBC Holdings had the Exchange Right been exercised prior to the buy-out.
In connection with the Exchange Agreement, the Company entered into a security and pledge agreement between the Company and FBC Holdings, pursuant to which, among other things, the Company granted a security interest to FBC Holdings in all the SVTP Preferred Shares held by the Company to secure the Company’s obligations under the Exchange Agreement.
7.
Debt
Related party secured note payable
In November 2018, in connection with the divestiture of Overland, the Company entered into a $500,000 note payable held by SVTP. The note payable bears interest at a rate of 8.0% per annum. The principal amount of the note payable along with any unpaid interest is due on June 13, 2019. The obligations under the note payable are secured by the SVTP Preferred Shares held by the Company.
Related party unsecured notes payable
In January 2019, the Company entered into two unsecured notes payable, for an aggregate of $523,000 with two employees of the Company. Each of the notes payable bear interest at a rate of 2.0% per annum payable annually. The principal amount of the note payable along with any unpaid interest is due on January 10, 2021.
Related party interest expense
For the three months ended March 31, 2019, aggregate related party interest expense was $12,000. At March 31, 2019, there was $3,400 of accrued interest included in accrued liabilities for related party notes payable.
Line of credit
The Company has a line of credit agreement with a bank with a maximum borrowing limit of $400,000. Borrowings under this agreement bear interest at a rate of 6.0% per annum. The line of credit expires on December 19, 2019. The outstanding balance was $365,000 as of March 31, 2019. Borrowings under the line of credit are secured by the inventory and accounts receivable balances of the Company.
The line of credit agreement also contains customary insurance requirements, limits on cross collateralization and events of default, including, among other things, failure to make payments, insolvency or bankruptcy, business termination, merger or consolidation or acquisition without written consent, a material impairment in the perfection or priority of the Lender’s lien in the collateral or in the value of such collateral, or material adverse change to the business that would impair the loan.

16



8.
Preferred Shares
Series A Redeemable Preferred Shares
In 2018, the Company filed an articles of amendment to its articles of amalgamation setting forth the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions of a new series of non-voting preferred shares of the Company. On November 13, 2018, in connection with the disposition of Overland, the Company entered into a Conversion Agreement with FBC Holdings and $6.5 million of the outstanding principal amount of its secured note held by FBC Holdings was converted into 6,500,000 Preferred Shares. The Preferred Shares (i) are convertible into the Company’s common shares, subject to prior shareholder approval, at a conversion rate equal to $1.00 per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends, divided by an amount equal to 0.85 multiplied by a 15-day volume weighted average price per common share prior to the date the conversion notice is provided (the “Conversion Rate”), (ii) carry a cumulative preferred dividend at a rate of 8.0% of the subscription price per preferred share, (iii) are subject to mandatory redemption for cash at the option of the holders thereof after a two-year period, and (iv) carry a liquidation preference equal to the subscription price per preferred share plus any accrued and unpaid dividends. At March 31, 2019, there was $201,000 of accrued preferred dividends included in Series A redeemable preferred shares and $130,000 included in related party interest expense.
The common shares issuable upon the conversion of the Preferred Shares may constitute more than 20% of the common shares of the Company currently outstanding and may result in a change of control of the Company, and therefore the Company will seek shareholder approval for the issuance of all common shares issuable upon conversion of the Preferred Shares; provided, however, that the Company shall not seek shareholder approval unless such approval would occur after the six-month anniversary of the initial issue date of the Preferred Shares. In the event shareholder approval is not obtained, FBC Holdings and its affiliates will not be entitled to convert such Preferred Shares into common shares, but any unaffiliated transferee may convert all or any part of the Preferred Shares held by such transferee into the number of fully paid and non-assessable common shares that is equal to the number of Preferred Shares to be converted multiplied by the Conversion Rate in effect on the date of conversion; provided that, (x) after such conversion, the common shares issuable upon such conversion, together with all Common Shares held by such third party transferee that are or would be deemed to be aggregated under the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market, in the aggregate would not exceed 19.9% of the total number of common shares of the Company then outstanding and (y) such conversion and issuance would not otherwise violate or cause the Company to violate the Company’s obligations under the rules or regulations of the Nasdaq Stock Market.
9.
Fair Value Measurements
The authoritative guidance for fair value measurements establishes a three tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
Our financial instruments include cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable, accrued expenses, debt, related party debt and preferred shares. Fair value estimates of these instruments are made at a specific point in time, based on relevant market information. These estimates may be subjective in nature and involve uncertainties and matters of significant judgment and therefore cannot be determined with precision. The carrying amount of cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses are generally considered to be representative of their respective fair values because of the short-term nature of those instruments. The carrying value of debt and related party debt approximates its fair value as the borrowing rates are substantially comparable to rates available for loans with similar terms. The Company estimates the fair value of the preferred shares utilizing Level 2 inputs, including market yields for similar instruments.
Assets and Liabilities that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
The Company's non-financial assets such as investment in affiliate, goodwill, intangible assets and property and equipment are recorded at fair value when an impairment is recognized or at the time acquired in a business combination.

17



10.
Share Capital
In April 2018, the Company closed an underwritten public offering and issued 412,500 common shares and warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 123,750 common shares at an aggregate purchase price of $5.60 per common share and accompanying warrant, as well as a concurrent closing of warrants to purchase an additional 14,063 common shares pursuant to the partial exercise of the over-allotment option granted to the underwriter. Gross proceeds, before underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering expenses, were approximately $2.3 million.
In May 2018, the Company issued 80,100 common shares to satisfy payment obligations incurred by the Company in the aggregate amount of $0.3 million. The obligations were related to the Share Purchase Agreement entered into in February 2018.
Reverse Stock Split
On October 24, 2018, subject to the approval by the Company’s shareholders (which approval was obtained at the special shareholder meeting held on October 31, 2018), the Board of Directors of the Company authorized a share consolidation (also known as a reverse stock split) of the Company’s issued and outstanding common shares at a ratio of one-for-eight, which became effective on November 5, 2018. All share and per share amounts have been restated for all periods presented to reflect the share consolidation.
Warrants
At March 31, 2019, the Company had the following outstanding warrants to purchase common shares:
Date issued
 
Contractual life (years)
 
Exercise price
 
Number outstanding
 
Expiration
May 2015
 
5
 
$800.00
 
4,200

 
May 31, 2020
October 2015
 
5
 
$466.00
 
2,010

 
October 14, 2020
December 2015
 
5
 
$500.00
 
5,138

 
December 15, 2020
December 2015
 
5
 
$216.00
 
7,500

(1)
December 4, 2020
March 2016
 
5
 
$500.00
 
150

 
March 4, 2021
November 2016
 
3
 
$400.00
 
125

 
November 8, 2019
August 2017
 
5
 
$42.00
 
37,500

 
August 11, 2022
August 2017
 
5
 
$42.00
 
11,876

 
August 16, 2022
August 2017
 
5
 
$42.00
 
25,625

 
August 22, 2022
April 2018
 
5
 
$5.60
 
111,563

 
April 17, 2023
 
 
 
 
 
 
205,687

(2)
 
_______________
(1)
If the Company or any subsidiary thereof, at any time while this warrant is outstanding, enters into a Variable Rate Transaction (“VRT”) (as defined in the purchase agreement) and the issue price, conversion price or exercise price per share applicable thereto is less than the warrant exercise price then in effect, the exercise price shall be reduced to equal the VRT price.
(2)
Includes warrants to purchase up to 40,000 common shares, in the aggregate, outstanding to related parties at March 31, 2019.

18



Related Party Share Capital Transactions
In March 2018, the Company entered into warrant exchange agreements, in a privately negotiated exchange under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to which the Company issued 178,875 common shares in exchange for the surrender and cancellation of the Company’s then outstanding March 24, 2017 warrants (the “Exchange”). Immediately after the Exchange, the previously issued warrants became null and void. A related party participated in the Exchange by acquiring 37,500 common shares in exchange for the cancellation of a warrant to purchase 34,091 common shares.
11.
Equity Incentive Plans
During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company granted awards of restricted stock units of 100,000 and 50, respectively, of which 100,000 were granted in 2019 outside of the 2015 Performance Incentive Plan. The restricted stock units were recorded at fair value on the date of grant. The restricted stock units typically vest over a period of approximately three years. The restricted stock units granted outside of the 2015 Performance Incentive Plan vest over a period of 18-months.
Restricted Stock Awards
During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company granted restricted stock awards (“RSA”) in lieu of cash payment for services performed. The estimated fair value of the RSAs was based on the market value of the Company’s common shares on the date of grant. During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company granted RSAs of 42,000 and 47,535, respectively, with a fair value of $105,000 and $787,000, respectively.
Share-Based Compensation Expense
The Company recorded the following compensation expense related to its share-based compensation awards, which 2018 includes amounts related to discontinued operations:
 
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Cost of sales
 
$
693

 
$
32,083

Sales and marketing
 
10,313

 
183,775

Research and development
 
18,471

 
96,300

General and administrative
 
94,565

 
508,626

Total share-based compensation expense
 
$
124,042

 
$
820,784

As of March 31, 2019, there was a total of $525,000 of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested equity-based compensation awards. The expense associated with non-vested restricted stock units and options awards granted as of March 31, 2019 is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.2 years.

19



12.
Net Loss per Share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss applicable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. For all periods presented, there is no difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted shares outstanding due to the Company’s net loss position.
Anti-dilutive common share equivalents excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share were as follows:
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Common share purchase warrants
205,687

 
110,275

Restricted stock not yet vested or released
114,066

 
106,026

Options outstanding
10,298

 
22,019

Convertible notes

 
40,833

Convertible notes interest

 
40,945

13.
Related Party Transactions
In November 2018, the Company entered into a transition service agreement to facilitate an orderly transition process for the divestiture of Overland. The transition service agreement has terms ranging from up to 24 months depending on the service. Net expense incurred by the Company related to such agreement was approximately $81,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2019, and was included in continuing operations.
14.
Commitments and Contingencies
Letters of credit
During the ordinary course of business, the Company provides standby letters of credit to third parties as required for certain transactions initiated by the Company. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had no outstanding standby letters of credit.
Warranty and Extended Warranty
The Company had $0.6 million and $0.7 million in deferred costs included in other current and non-current assets related to deferred service revenue at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Changes in the liability for product warranty and deferred revenue associated with extended warranties and service contracts were as follows (in thousands):
 
Product
Warranty
 
Deferred
Revenue
Liability at January 1, 2019
$
22

 
$
1,655

Settlements made during the period

 
(355
)
Change in liability for warranties issued during the period

 
164

Change in liability for pre-existing warranties
(22
)
 

Liability at March 31, 2019
$

 
$
1,464

Current liability
$

 
$
692

Non-current liability

 
772

Liability at March 31, 2019
$

 
$
1,464


20



Litigation
The Company is, from time to time, subject to claims and suits arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate resolution of such pending proceedings will not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
Other
In January 2018, Mr. Vito Lupis filed a statement of claim in the Ontario Court of Justice alleging, among other things, breach of contracts, deceit and negligence against Mr. Giovanni J. Morelli, a former officer of the Company, and vicarious liability against the Company, in connection with stock purchase agreements and other related agreements that would have been entered into between Mr. Lupis and the Company in 2012. In March 2019, the Company and Mr. Lupis entered into a settlement agreement pursuant to which the Company has agreed to pay Mr. Lupis certain consideration, which is included in general and administrative expense, in exchange for a dismissal of the action.
In April 2015, we filed a proof of claim in connection with bankruptcy proceedings of V3 Systems, Inc. (“V3”) based on breaches by V3 of the Asset Purchase Agreement entered into between V3 and the Company dated February 11, 2014 (the “APA”). On October 6, 2015, UD Dissolution Liquidating Trust (“UD Trust”), the apparent successor to V3, filed a complaint against us and certain of our current and former directors in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Utah Central Division objecting to our proof of claim and asserting claims for affirmative relief against us and our directors. This complaint alleges, among other things, that Sphere 3D breached the APA and engaged in certain other actions and/or omissions that caused V3 to be unable to timely sell the Sphere 3D common shares received by V3 pursuant to the APA. The plaintiff seeks, among other things, monetary damages for the loss of the potential earn-out consideration, the value of the common shares held back by us pursuant to the APA and costs and fees. We believe the lawsuit to be without merit and intend to vigorously defend against the action.
On December 23, 2015, we filed a motion seeking to dismiss the majority of the claims asserted by the UD Trust. On January 13, 2016, we filed a counterclaim against the UD Trust in which we allege that V3 breached numerous provisions of the APA. On July 22, 2016, we filed a motion seeking to transfer venue of this action to the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The Bankruptcy Court granted our motion to transfer venue on August 30, 2016, and the case was formally transferred to the Delaware District Court on October 11, 2016. On November 13, 2018, the Delaware District Court referred the case to the Delaware Bankruptcy Court. The Delaware Bankruptcy Court has not yet set a hearing on our motion to dismiss.
In March 2018, UD Trust filed a complaint in U.S. District Court, Northern California District (“California Complaint”) asserting that two transactions involving the Company constitute fraudulent transfers under federal and state law. First, UD Trust alleges that the consolidation of the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ indebtedness to the Cyrus Group into a debenture between FBC Holdings and the Company in December 2014 constitutes a fraudulent transfer. Second, UD Trust alleges that the Share Purchase Agreement constitutes a fraudulent transfer, and seeks to require that the proceeds of the transaction be placed in escrow until the V3 litigation is resolved. The California Complaint also asserts a claim against the Company’s former CEO for breach of fiduciary duty, and a claim against the Cyrus Group for aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty. We believe the lawsuit to be without merit and intend to vigorously defend against the action. On July 25, 2018, we filed a motion seeking to dismiss all of the claims asserted against the Company and its former CEO. On the same day, the Cyrus Group filed a motion seeking to dismiss all claims asserted against the Cyrus Group.
15.
Subsequent Event
In May 2019, the Company signed purchase agreements for a private placement of 340,000 common shares of the Company for a purchase price of $680,000. The purchase price for one common share was $2.00. The transaction is anticipated to close on or about May 15, 2019 subject to customary closing conditions. The Company intends to use the proceeds from the offering for general corporate and working capital purposes.

21



Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following quarterly management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes of Sphere 3D Corp. (the “Company”) for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The condensed consolidated financial statements have been presented in United States (“U.S.”) dollars and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). Unless the context otherwise requires, any reference to the “Company,” “Sphere 3D,” “we,” “our,” “us” or similar terms refers to Sphere 3D Corp. and its subsidiaries. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “$” and “dollars” in this discussion and analysis mean U.S. dollars.
This MD&A includes forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Words and expressions reflecting optimism, satisfaction or disappointment with current prospects, as well as words such as “believes,” “hopes,” “intends,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “plans,” “anticipates” and variations thereof, or the use of future tense, identify forward-looking statements, but their absence does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. Forward-looking statements are based on information currently available to us and on estimates and assumptions made by us regarding, among other things, general economic conditions, in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate and reasonable in the circumstances, but there can be no assurance that such estimates and assumptions will prove to be correct. Many factors could cause actual results, performance or achievements or future events or developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to: the inability to maintain compliance with the requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market and/or inability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market; the limited operating history of Sphere 3D; the impact of competition; the investment in technological innovation; any defects in components or design of Sphere 3D’s products; the retention or maintenance of key personnel; the possibility of significant fluctuations in operating results; the ability of Sphere 3D to maintain business relationships; financial, political or economic conditions; financing risks; future acquisitions; the ability of Sphere 3D to protect its intellectual property; third party intellectual property rights; volatility in the market price for the common shares of the Company; compliance by Sphere 3D with financial reporting and other requirements as a public company; conflicts of interests; future sales of common shares by Sphere 3D’s directors, officers and other shareholders; dilution and future sales of common shares. For more information on these risks, you should refer to the Company’s filings with the securities regulatory authorities, including the Company’s most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K, which is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and EDGAR at www.sec.gov. In evaluating such statements, we urge you to specifically consider various factors identified in this report, any of which could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report and we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements to reflect new information, events or circumstances after the date of this report. Actual events or results may differ materially from such statements. All share and per share amounts herein have been adjusted to give effect to the November 5, 2018 1-for-8 reverse stock split.
Overview
Sphere 3D provides solutions for standalone storage and technologies that converge the traditional silos of compute, storage and network into one integrated hyper-converged or converged solution. We provide enterprise storage management solutions, and the ability to connect to public cloud services such as Microsoft Azure for additional delivery options and hybrid cloud capabilities. Our integrated solutions include a patented portfolio for operating systems for storage, proprietary virtual desktop orchestration software, and proprietary application container software. Our software, combined with commodity x86 servers, or purpose built appliances, deliver solutions designed to provide application mobility, security, data integrity and simplified management. These solutions can be deployed through a public, private or hybrid cloud and are delivered through a global reseller network and professional services organization. We have a portfolio of brands including SnapServer®, HVE ConneXions and UCX ConneXions, dedicated to helping customers achieve their IT goals. In November 2018, we divested ourselves of Overland Storage, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Overland”) and associated product portfolio for long term archive as well as the RDX removable disk product portfolio. We undertook this divestiture in order to facilitate the elimination of secured debt and to allow us to focus greater resources to our converged and hyper-converged product portfolio.

22



Discontinued Operations
In November 2018, the Company transferred all the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Overland to Silicon Valley Technology Partners, Inc. (“SVTP”) in consideration for (i) the issuance to the Company of shares of Series A Preferred Stock of SVTP representing 19.9% of the outstanding shares of capital stock of SVTP as of the closing with a value of $2.1 million, (ii) the release of the Company from outstanding debt obligations totaling $41.7 million assumed by SVTP, and (iii) $1.0 million in cash proceeds from SVTP. In addition, the Company entered into a Conversion Agreement with FBC Holdings S.a r.l. (“FBC Holdings”), pursuant to which $6.5 million of the Company’s outstanding related party secured note was converted into 6,500,000 Preferred Shares of the Company. See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements - Note 3 - Discontinued Operations for additional details.
We undertook this divestiture in order to facilitate the elimination of secured debt and to allow us to focus greater resources to our converged and hyper-converged product portfolio. The financial results of Overland are presented as discontinued operations in our condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018.
Nasdaq Listing
On November 12, 2018, we received a letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC notifying us that we were not in compliance with the requirement of Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(b)(1) for continued inclusion on the NASDAQ Capital Market because the Company’s stockholders’ equity of $707,000 reported in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2018, is below the required minimum of $2.5 million. The Company submitted a plan to regain compliance, which was accepted by Nasdaq on January 11, 2019.
On May 14, 2019, we received written notification from The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC notifying us that we had not regained compliance with the minimum value of the Company’s stockholders’ equity of $2.5 million as set forth in Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(b)(1) for continued inclusion on the NASDAQ Capital Market. The Staff had determined that the Company’s common stock would be delisted from Nasdaq unless the Company timely requests a hearing before a Nasdaq Hearings Panel (the “Panel”).
Accordingly, the Company plans to request a hearing before the Panel. The Company’s common stock will continue to trade on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ANY” until the Panel issues its decision following the hearing and through the expiration of any additional extension period granted by the Panel. The Panel has discretion to grant an exception for up to 180 days after the NASDAQ Staff’s initial delisting decision. There can be no assurance that the Panel will grant the Company’s request for continued listing. If the Company’s common stock ceases to be listed for trading on Nasdaq, the Company expects that its common stock would be traded on the over-the-counter market.
First Quarter of 2019
In May 2019, the Company signed purchase agreements for a private placement of 340,000 common shares of the Company for a purchase price of $680,000, or $2.00 per common share. The transaction is anticipated to close on or about May 15, 2019 subject to customary closing conditions. The Company intends to use the proceeds from the offering for general corporate and working capital purposes.

23



Results of Operations
The following table sets forth certain financial data as a percentage of revenue:
 
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of revenue
 
67.4

 
81.3

Gross profit
 
32.6

 
18.7

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 
Sales and marketing
 
21.3

 
32.9

Research and development
 
32.7

 
46.8

General and administrative
 
58.8

 
126.4

 
 
112.8

 
206.1

Loss from operations
 
(80.2
)
 
(187.4
)
Interest expense
 
(6.8
)
 
(23.5
)
Other income (expense), net
 
0.4

 
(5.3
)
Net loss from continuing operations
 
(86.6
)
 
(216.2
)
Net loss from discontinued operations
 

 
(71.2
)
Net loss
 
(86.6
)%
 
(287.4
)%
The First Quarter of 2019 Compared with the First Quarter of 2018
Revenue
We had revenue of $2.1 million during the first quarter of 2019 compared to $2.4 million during the first quarter of 2018. The decrease in revenue of $0.3 million was primarily due to lower revenues from HVE converged and hyper-converged products.
Gross Profit
Gross profit and margin were as follows (in thousands, unless otherwise noted):
 
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
Gross profit
 
695

 
443

 
56.9
%
Gross margin
 
32.6
%
 
18.7
%
 
13.9
pt
In the first quarter of 2019, gross profit and margin increased primarily due to the shift in focus to the SnapServer® family of products which have higher profit margins.
Operating Expenses
Sales and Marketing Expense
Sales and marketing expenses were $0.5 million and $0.8 million for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease of $0.3 million was primarily due to a decrease of $0.2 million in employee and related expenses associated with a lower average headcount.

24



Research and Development Expense
Research and development expenses were $0.7 million and $1.1 million for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease of $0.4 million was primarily due to a decrease of $0.3 million in employee and related expenses associated with a lower average headcount.
General and Administrative Expense
General and administrative expenses were $1.3 million and $3.0 million for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease of $1.7 million was primarily due to a decrease of $1.2 million in legal and transaction costs primarily related to the share purchase agreement entered into in February 2018 and a decrease of $0.5 million in amortization of intangible assets.
Non-Operating Expenses
Interest Expense
Interest expense was $0.1 million and $0.6 million for the first quarter of 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease was primarily related to the release of the Company from its outstanding FBC Holdings secured note obligation of $18.0 million assumed by SVTP in the November 2018 Overland divestiture.
Discontinued Operations
On November 13, 2018, we closed our divestiture of Overland under the Purchase Agreement. The financial results of Overland for the first quarter of 2018 have been reflected in our consolidated statements of operations as discontinued operations. The Company’s 2018 statement of cash flows are presented on a combined basis, including continuing and discontinued operations.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We have recurring losses from operations and a net working capital deficiency. Our primary source of cash flow is generated from sales of our disk automation systems. We have financed our operations through gross proceeds from private sales of equity securities and with borrowings under our credit facilities. At March 31, 2019, we had cash of $139,000 compared to cash of $341,000 at December 31, 2018. As of March 31, 2019, we had a working capital deficit of $6.8 million, reflecting a decrease in current assets of $656,000 and a decrease in current liabilities of $45,000 compared to December 31, 2018. Cash management and preservation continue to be a top priority. We expect to incur negative operating cash flows as we work to maintain and increase our sales volume, and maintain operational efficiencies.
In May 2019, the Company signed purchase agreements for a private placement of 340,000 common shares of the Company for a purchase price of $680,000, or a purchase price of $2.00 per share. The transaction is anticipated to close on or about May 15, 2019 subject to customary closing conditions. The Company intends to use the proceeds from the offering for general corporate and working capital purposes.
In November 2018, the Company transferred all the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Overland to SVTP in consideration for (i) the issuance to the Company of shares of Series A Preferred Stock of SVTP representing 19.9% of the outstanding shares of capital stock of SVTP as of the closing with a value of $2.1 million, (ii) the release of the Company from outstanding debt obligations totaling $41.7 million assumed by SVTP, and (iii) $1.0 million in cash proceeds from SVTP. In addition, the Company entered into a Conversion Agreement with FBC Holdings, pursuant to which $6.5 million of the Company’s outstanding related party secured note was converted into 6,500,000 Preferred Shares of the Company.
Management has projected that cash on hand will not be sufficient to allow the Company to continue operations beyond May 31, 2019 if we are unable to raise additional funding for operations. We expect our working capital needs to increase in the future as we continue to expand and enhance our operations. Our ability to raise additional funds through equity or debt financings or other sources may depend on the financial success of our current business and successful implementation of our key strategic initiatives, financial, economic and market conditions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in raising the required capital at reasonable cost and at the required times, or at all. Further equity financings may have a dilutive effect on shareholders and any debt financing, if available, may require restrictions to be

25



placed on our future financing and operating activities. If we require additional capital and are unsuccessful in raising that capital, we may not be able to continue our business operations and advance our growth initiatives, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Significant changes from the Company’s current forecasts, including but not limited to: (i) failure to comply with the financial covenants in its debt facilities; (ii) shortfalls from projected sales levels; (iii) unexpected increases in product costs; (iv) increases in operating costs; (v) changes in the historical timing of collecting accounts receivable; and (vi) inability to maintain compliance with the requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market and/or inability to maintain listing with the NASDAQ Capital Market could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s ability to access the level of funding necessary to continue its operations at current levels. If any of these events occurs or the Company is unable to generate sufficient cash from operations or financing sources, the Company may be forced to liquidate assets where possible and/or curtail, suspend or cease planned programs or operations generally or seek bankruptcy protection or be subject to an involuntary bankruptcy petition, any of, which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial position and liquidity.
As a result of our recurring losses from operations and negative cash flows, the report from our independent registered public accounting firm regarding our consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018 included an explanatory paragraph expressing substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.
As of March 31, 2019, our outstanding debt balance was as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Maturity Date
 
Interest Rate
 
Amount Outstanding
Series A redeemable preferred shares
 
11/13/2020
 
8.0%
 
$
6,701

Unsecured debt - related party
 
1/10/2021
 
8.0%
 
$
523

Secured debt - related party
 
6/13/2019
 
2.0%
 
$
500

Line of credit
 
12/19/2019
 
6.0%
 
$
365

All debt and credit facilities are denominated in U.S. dollars. Our secured debt and credit facility contain standard borrowing conditions and can be recalled by the lenders if certain conditions are not met.
The following table shows a summary of our cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities, investing activities and financing activities (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Net cash used in operating activities
 
$
(990
)
 
$
(2,111
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
$

 
$
(8
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
$
788

 
$
(192
)
The use of cash during the first three months of 2019 was primarily a result of our net loss of $1.8 million, offset by $0.5 million in non-cash items, which included share-based compensation and depreciation and amortization.
During the first three months of 2019, we received $0.8 million in proceeds from related party debt and our line of credit. During the three months of 2018, we made $0.2 million of payments on our related party debt.
Off-Balance Sheet Information
During the ordinary course of business, we may provide standby letters of credit to third parties as required for certain transactions initiated by us. As of March 31, 2019, we had no standby letters of credit outstanding.

26



Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The discussion and analysis of our financial position and results of operations is based on our unaudited consolidated interim financial statements included elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. We believe certain of our accounting policies are critical to understanding our financial position and results of operations. There have been no significant changes to our critical accounting judgments, policies and estimates as described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2 - Significant Accounting Policies to our condensed consolidated financial statements for information about recent accounting pronouncements.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Market risk represents the risk of loss that may impact our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows due to adverse changes in financial and commodity market prices and rates. We are exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates as measured against the U.S. dollar. These exposures are directly related to our normal operating and funding activities. Historically, we have not used derivative instruments or engaged in hedging activities.
Credit Risk. Credit risk is the risk that the counterparty to a financial instrument fails to meet its contractual obligations, resulting in a financial loss to us. We sell to a diverse customer base over a global geographic area. We evaluate collectability of specific customer receivables based on a variety of factors including currency risk, geopolitical risk, payment history, customer stability and other economic factors. Collectability of receivables is reviewed on an ongoing basis by management and the allowance for doubtful receivables is adjusted as required. Account balances are charged against the allowance for doubtful receivables when we determine that it is probable that the receivable will not be recovered. We believe that the geographic diversity of the customer base, combined with our established credit approval practices and ongoing monitoring of customer balances, mitigates this counterparty risk.
Liquidity Risk. Liquidity risk is the risk that we will not be able to meet our financial obligations as they come due. We continually monitor our actual and projected cash flows and believe that our internally generated cash flows will not provide us with sufficient funding to meet all working capital and financing needs for at least the next 12 months.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined under Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to give reasonable assurance that information required to be publicly disclosed is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis as of the end of the period covered by this report.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended March 31, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

27



PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings.
The Company is, from time to time, subject to claims and suits arising in the ordinary course of business. In the opinion of management, the ultimate resolution of such pending proceedings will not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
Other
In January 2018, Mr. Vito Lupis filed a statement of claim in the Ontario Court of Justice alleging, among other things, breach of contracts, deceit and negligence against Mr. Giovanni J. Morelli, a former officer of the Company, and vicarious liability against the Company, in connection with stock purchase agreements and other related agreements that would have been entered into between Mr. Lupis and the Company in 2012. In March 2019, the Company and Mr. Lupis entered into a settlement agreement pursuant to which the Company has agreed to pay Mr. Lupis certain consideration, which is included in general and administrative expense, in exchange for a dismissal of the action.
In April 2015, we filed a proof of claim in connection with bankruptcy proceedings of V3 Systems, Inc. (“V3”) based on breaches by V3 of the Asset Purchase Agreement entered into between V3 and the Company dated February 11, 2014 (the “APA”). On October 6, 2015, UD Dissolution Liquidating Trust (“UD Trust”), the apparent successor to V3, filed a complaint against us and certain of our current and former directors in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Utah Central Division objecting to our proof of claim and asserting claims for affirmative relief against us and our directors. This complaint alleges, among other things, that Sphere 3D breached the APA and engaged in certain other actions and/or omissions that caused V3 to be unable to timely sell the Sphere 3D common shares received by V3 pursuant to the APA. The plaintiff seeks, among other things, monetary damages for the loss of the potential earn-out consideration, the value of the common shares held back by us pursuant to the APA and costs and fees. We believe the lawsuit to be without merit and intend to vigorously defend against the action.
On December 23, 2015, we filed a motion seeking to dismiss the majority of the claims asserted by the UD Trust. On January 13, 2016, we filed a counterclaim against the UD Trust in which we allege that V3 breached numerous provisions of the APA. On July 22, 2016, we filed a motion seeking to transfer venue of this action to the United States District Court for the District of Delaware. The Bankruptcy Court granted our motion to transfer venue on August 30, 2016, and the case was formally transferred to the Delaware District Court on October 11, 2016. On November 13, 2018, the Delaware District Court referred the case to the Delaware Bankruptcy Court. The Delaware Bankruptcy Court has not yet set a hearing on our motion to dismiss.
In March 2018, UD Trust filed a complaint in U.S. District Court, Northern California District (“California Complaint”) asserting that two transactions involving the Company constitute fraudulent transfers under federal and state law. First, UD Trust alleges that the consolidation of the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ indebtedness to the Cyrus Group into a debenture between FBC Holdings and the Company in December 2014 constitutes a fraudulent transfer. Second, UD Trust alleges that the Share Purchase Agreement constitutes a fraudulent transfer, and seeks to require that the proceeds of the transaction be placed in escrow until the V3 litigation is resolved. The California Complaint also asserts a claim against the Company’s former CEO for breach of fiduciary duty, and a claim against the Cyrus Group for aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty. We believe the lawsuit to be without merit and intend to vigorously defend against the action. On July 25, 2018, we filed a motion seeking to dismiss all of the claims asserted against the Company and its former CEO. On the same day, the Cyrus Group filed a motion seeking to dismiss all claims asserted against the Cyrus Group.

28



Item 1A. Risk Factors.
An investment in our Company involves a high degree of risk. In addition to the risk factors and other information included or incorporated by reference to this report, you should carefully consider each of the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, which is available on SEDAR at www.sedar.com and EDGAR at www.sec.gov. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. If any of the risks actually occur, our business and financial results could be harmed and the trading price of our common shares could decline.
Risks Related to our Debt and Credit Facilities and our Liquidity
Our cash and other sources of liquidity will not be sufficient to fund our operations beyond May 31, 2019. If we raise additional funding through sales of equity or equity-based securities, your shares will be diluted. If we need additional funding for operations and we are unable to raise it, we may be forced to liquidate assets and/or curtail or cease operations or seek bankruptcy protection or be subject to an involuntary bankruptcy petition.
Management has projected that cash on hand will not be sufficient to allow the Company to continue operations beyond May 31, 2019 if the Company is unable to if we are unable to raise additional funding for operations. We expect our working capital needs to increase in the future as we continue to expand and enhance our operations. Our ability to raise additional funds through equity or debt financings or other sources may depend on the financial success of our current business and successful implementation of our key strategic initiatives, financial, economic and market conditions and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. No assurance can be given that we will be successful in raising the required capital at reasonable cost and at the required times, or at all. Further equity financings may have a dilutive effect on shareholders and any debt financing, if available, may require restrictions to be placed on our future financing and operating activities. If we require additional capital and are unsuccessful in raising that capital, we may not be able to continue our business operations and advance our growth initiatives, which could adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.
If we raise additional funds by selling additional shares of our capital stock, or securities convertible into shares of our capital stock, the ownership interest of our existing shareholders will be diluted. The amount of dilution could be increased by the issuance of warrants or securities with other dilutive characteristics, such as anti-dilution clauses or price resets.
We urge you to review the additional information about our liquidity and capital resources in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of this report. If our business ceases to continue as a going concern due to lack of available capital or otherwise, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial position, and liquidity.
Risks Related to Our Public Company Status and Our Common Shares
We have received notification from NASDAQ that we do not meet the NASDAQ Capital Market’s continued listing requirement for the minimum market value of publicly held shares. If our common shares are delisted from the NASDAQ Capital Market, our business, financial condition, results of operations and share price could be adversely affected, and the liquidity of our common shares and our ability to obtain financing could be impaired.
We have in the past failed to comply with the minimum $1.00 per share closing bid price requirement for continued listing on the NASDAQ Capital Market. Maintaining the listing of our common shares on the NASDAQ Capital Market requires that we comply with the closing bid price requirement, amongst other certain listing requirements. If our common shares cease to be listed for trading on NASDAQ for any reason, it may harm our share price, increase the volatility of our share price, decrease the level of trading activity and make it more difficult for investors to buy or sell shares of our common shares. Our failure to maintain a listing on NASDAQ may constitute an event of default under our outstanding indebtedness as well as any future indebtedness, which would accelerate the maturity date of such debt or trigger other obligations. In addition, certain institutional investors that are not permitted to own securities of non-listed companies may be required to sell their shares, which would adversely affect the trading price of our common shares. If we are not listed on NASDAQ, we will be limited in our ability to raise additional capital we may need.

29



On November 12, 2018, we received a letter from the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications department of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC notifying us that we were not in compliance with the requirement of Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(b)(1) for continued inclusion on the NASDAQ Capital Market because the Company’s stockholders’ equity of $707,000 reported in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2018, is below the required minimum of $2.5 million. The Company submitted a plan to regain compliance, which was accepted by Nasdaq on January 11, 2019.
On May 14, 2019, we received written notification from The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC notifying us that we had not regained compliance with the minimum value of the Company’s stockholders’ equity of $2.5 million as set forth in Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(b)(1) for continued inclusion on the NASDAQ Capital Market. The Staff had determined that the Company’s common stock would be delisted from Nasdaq unless the Company timely requests a hearing before a Nasdaq Hearings Panel (the “Panel”).
Accordingly, the Company plans to request a hearing before the Panel. The Company’s common stock will continue to trade on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “ANY” until the Panel issues its decision following the hearing and through the expiration of any additional extension period granted by the Panel. The Panel has discretion to grant an exception for up to 180 days after the NASDAQ Staff’s initial delisting decision. There can be no assurance that the Panel will grant the Company’s request for continued listing. If the Company’s common stock ceases to be listed for trading on Nasdaq, the Company expects that its common stock would be traded on the over-the-counter market.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
None.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information.
None.

30



Item 6. Exhibits.
Exhibit
 
Filed
Incorporated by Reference
Number
Description
Herewith
Form
File No.
Date Filed
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.1
 
6-K
001-36532
3/25/2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.2
 
6-K
001-36532
7/17/2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.3
 
8-K
001-36532
10/2/2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.4
 
8-K
001-36532
10/5/2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.5
 
8-K
001-36532
11/5/2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.6
 
8-K
001-36532
11/14/2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.7
 
6-K
001-36532
7/17/2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.8
 
6-K
001-36532
5/12/2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.1
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.2
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.3
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.4
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31.1
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31.2
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
32
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase
X
 
 
 

31



SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
Sphere 3D Corp.
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
May 15, 2019
 
By:
/s/    Peter Tassiopoulos
 
 
 
 
Peter Tassiopoulos
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)

32