Company Quick10K Filing
Appian
Price50.46 EPS-1
Shares66 P/E-62
MCap3,306 P/FCF-1,117
Net Debt-166 EBIT-53
TEV3,140 TEV/EBIT-59
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-11-05
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-06
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-07
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-20
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-10-31
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-08
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-02
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-21
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-01
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-02
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-03
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-23
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-02
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-03
8-K 2020-11-05
8-K 2020-08-06
8-K 2020-06-12
8-K 2020-06-01
8-K 2020-05-07
8-K 2020-02-20
8-K 2019-10-31
8-K 2019-09-04
8-K 2019-08-08
8-K 2019-06-06
8-K 2019-05-23
8-K 2019-05-02
8-K 2019-02-21
8-K 2019-01-02
8-K 2018-12-10
8-K 2018-11-01
8-K 2018-08-20
8-K 2018-08-02
8-K 2018-06-07
8-K 2018-05-03
8-K 2018-04-17
8-K 2018-02-22

APPN 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 appn09302020ex311.htm
EX-31.2 appn09302020ex312.htm
EX-32.1 appn09302020ex321.htm

Appian Earnings 2020-09-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
0.40.30.20.20.10.02017201820192020
Assets, Equity
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12017201820192020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.20.10.10.0-0.0-0.12017201820192020
Ops, Inv, Fin

appn-20200930
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from          to         
Commission File Number: 001-38098 
APPIAN CORPORATION
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware54-1956084
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
7950 Jones Branch Drive
McLean, VA
22102
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (703) 442-8844
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common StockAPPNThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes     No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Small reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes       No  

As of November 2, 2020, there were 37,834,226 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock and 32,214,666 shares of the registrant’s Class B common stock, each with a par value of $0.0001 per share, outstanding.





Table of Contents
Page
PART I.
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2


PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share data) 
As of
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
(unaudited)
Assets
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$251,088 $159,755 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $1,200 and $600 as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
89,219 70,408 
Deferred commissions, current16,292 14,543 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets25,909 32,955 
Total current assets382,508 277,661 
Property and equipment, net36,415 39,554 
Goodwill4,637  
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $307 as of September 30, 2020
1,765  
Operating right-of-use assets30,855 24,205 
Deferred commissions, net of current portion31,580 28,979 
Deferred tax assets654 494 
Other assets4,042 592 
Total assets$492,456 $371,485 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$4,630 $5,222 
Accrued expenses6,287 7,488 
Accrued compensation and related benefits16,615 10,691 
Deferred revenue, current96,902 82,201 
Operating lease liabilities, current6,592 3,836 
Finance lease liabilities, current1,549 1,447 
Other current liabilities319 1,395 
Total current liabilities132,894 112,280 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion51,727 44,416 
Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion1,192 2,375 
Deferred revenue, net of current portion4,371 7,139 
Deferred tax liabilities461 38 
Other non-current liabilities4,069  
Total liabilities194,714 166,248 
Stockholders’ equity
Class A common stock—par value $0.0001; 500,000,000 shares authorized and 37,805,423 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020; 500,000,000 shares authorized and 34,525,386 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2019
4 3 
Class B common stock—par value $0.0001; 100,000,000 shares authorized and 32,214,766 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020; 100,000,000 shares authorized and 32,942,636 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2019
3 3 
Additional paid-in capital462,686 340,929 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,442)(285)
Accumulated deficit(162,509)(135,413)
Total stockholders’ equity297,742 205,237 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$492,456 $371,485 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(unaudited, in thousands, except share and per share data)

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Revenue
Subscriptions$50,760 $37,774 $142,614 $109,191 
Professional services26,544 28,381 80,329 82,543 
Total revenue77,304 66,155 222,943 191,734 
Cost of revenue
Subscriptions5,101 4,484 15,185 12,105 
Professional services16,450 19,467 51,641 58,963 
Total cost of revenue21,551 23,951 66,826 71,068 
Gross profit55,753 42,204 156,117 120,666 
Operating expenses
Sales and marketing31,633 27,603 94,891 86,186 
Research and development18,150 15,697 51,366 42,418 
General and administrative13,485 11,191 38,076 29,468 
Total operating expenses63,268 54,491 184,333 158,072 
Operating loss(7,515)(12,287)(28,216)(37,406)
Other (income) expense
Other (income) expense, net(4,277)2,262 (1,845)1,881 
Interest expense119 96 390 236 
Total other (income) expense(4,158)2,358 (1,455)2,117 
Loss before income taxes(3,357)(14,645)(26,761)(39,523)
Income tax expense255 5 335 394 
Net loss$(3,612)$(14,650)$(27,096)$(39,917)
Net loss per share:
Basic and diluted$(0.05)$(0.22)$(0.39)$(0.62)
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic and diluted69,923,553 65,508,113 68,611,994 64,860,342
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



4


APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Net loss$(3,612)$(14,650)$(27,096)$(39,917)
Comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1,960)680 (2,157)486 
Total other comprehensive loss, net of income taxes$(5,572)$(13,970)$(29,253)$(39,431)
 The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(unaudited, in thousands, except share data)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Deficit
SharesAmount
Balance, January 1, 202067,468,022 $6 $340,929 $(285)$(135,413)$205,237 
Net loss— — — — (11,669)(11,669)
Issuance of common stock to directors1,946 — — — — — 
Vesting of restricted stock units46,031 — — — — — 
Exercise of stock options129,082 — 670 — — 670 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,476 — — 3,476 
Other comprehensive income— — — 17 — 17 
Balance, March 31, 202067,645,081 6 345,075 (268)(147,082)197,731 
Net loss— — — — (11,815)(11,815)
Issuance of common stock from public offering, net of issuance costs1,931,206 1 107,914 — — 107,915 
Issuance of common stock to directors2,296 — — — — — 
Vesting of restricted stock units13,567 — — — — — 
Exercise of stock options248,165 — 1,571 — — 1,571 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,614 — — 3,614 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (214)— (214)
Balance, June 30, 202069,840,315 7 458,174 (482)(158,897)298,802 
Net loss— — — — (3,612)(3,612)
Issuance of common stock to directors2,417 — — — — — 
Vesting of restricted stock units33,641 — — — — — 
Exercise of stock options143,816 — 934 — — 934 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,578 — — 3,578 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (1,960)— (1,960)
Balance, September 30, 202070,020,189 $7 $462,686 $(2,442)$(162,509)$297,742 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Deficit
SharesAmount
Balance, January 1, 201963,916,437 $6 $218,284 $542 $(145,640)$73,192 
Cumulative effect of adoption of ASC 606
— — — — 60,941 60,941 
Net loss— — — — (15,216)(15,216)
Issuance of common stock to directors3,461 — — — — — 
Vesting of restricted stock units278,680 — — — — — 
Exercise of stock options482,444 — 1,073 — — 1,073 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 7,225 — — 7,225 
Other comprehensive income— — — 296 — 296 
Balance, March 31, 201964,681,022 6 226,582 838 (99,915)127,511 
Net loss— — — — (10,051)(10,051)
Issuance of common stock to directors2,684 — — — — — 
Vesting of restricted stock units6,010 — — — — — 
Exercise of stock options147,852 — 914 — — 914 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 2,689 — — 2,689 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (490)— (490)
Balance, June 30, 201964,837,568 6 230,185 348 (109,966)120,573 
Net loss— — — — (14,650)(14,650)
Issuance of common stock from public offering, net of issuance costs1,825,000 — 101,303 — — 101,303 
Issuance of common stock to directors2,563 — — — — — 
Vesting of restricted stock units94,772 — — — — — 
Exercise of stock options387,095 — 2,065 — — 2,065 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,141 — — 3,141 
Other comprehensive income— — — 680 — 680 
Balance, September 30, 201967,146,998 $6 $336,694 $1,028 $(124,616)$213,112 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7


APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited, in thousands)

Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(27,096)$(39,917)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization4,485 3,273 
Bad debt expense778 98 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment22 146 
Deferred income taxes(162)(191)
Stock-based compensation10,668 13,055 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(22,594)1,854 
Prepaid expenses and other assets4,491 23,280 
Deferred commissions(4,349)(6,192)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(2,456)(3,909)
Accrued compensation and related benefits5,844 (2,159)
Other liabilities2,963 (251)
Deferred revenue10,531 2,315 
Operating lease liabilities3,422  
Deferred rent, non-current 5,718 
Net cash used in operating activities(13,453)(2,880)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired(6,138) 
Purchases of property and equipment(1,036)(31,430)
Net cash used in investing activities(7,174)(31,430)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Principal payments on finance leases(1,080)(299)
Proceeds from public offerings, net of underwriting discounts108,260 101,653 
Payments of costs related to public offerings(18)(12)
Proceeds from exercise of common stock options3,175 4,052 
Net cash provided by financing activities110,337 105,394 
Effect of foreign exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents1,623 (460)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents91,333 70,624 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period159,755 94,930 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$251,088 $165,554 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest$116 $250 
Cash paid for income taxes$630 $236 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing information:
Capital lease obligations to acquire new office furniture and fixtures and computer hardware$ $4,491 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

1. Organization and Description of Business

Appian Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, “Appian,” the “Company,” “we,” or “our”) provides a low-code automation platform that accelerates the creation of high-impact business applications, enabling our customers to automate the most important aspects of their business. Global organizations use our applications to improve customer experience, achieve operational excellence, and simplify global risk management and compliance. We were incorporated in the state of Delaware in August 1999. We are headquartered in McLean, Virginia and operate in Canada, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Australia, Spain, Singapore, and Sweden.

2. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and footnotes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) as contained in the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) for interim financial information. In the opinion of management, the interim financial information includes all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows. The results of operations for the current period are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year or the results for any future periods. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related footnotes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 20, 2020.

We adopted ASC 606, the new revenue recognition guidance, on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective method. Under this method of adoption, we recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit and applied the new standard only to contracts that were not completed prior to January 1, 2019.

Because we were an emerging growth company until December 31, 2019, the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act allowed us to delay adoption of certain accounting standards such as ASC 606 and ASC 842 until such time they were made applicable to private companies. We elected to use this extended transition period, and accordingly, did not report revenues under ASC 606 or leases under ASC 842 in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q during 2019. Refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on February 20, 2020, for a complete reconciliation of our revenues under the old and new guidance. Prior period amounts in this Form 10-Q have been recast as if we had reported under ASC 606 for the applicable periods.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in these condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Although we believe the estimates we use are reasonable, due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making these estimates, actual results reported in future periods could differ from those estimates.

Significant estimates embedded in the condensed consolidated financial statements include revenue recognition, income taxes and the related valuation allowance, the valuation of goodwill and intangible assets, leases, costs to obtain a contract with a customer, and stock-based compensation.

The ongoing outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease ("COVID-19") has resulted in the declaration of a global pandemic and introduced a level of disruption and uncertainty into the financial markets and global economy. While we continue to monitor the developments surrounding the pandemic, as of the date of issuance of these financial statements, we are not aware of any specific events or circumstances that would require us to update our estimates, assumptions, and judgments or revise the carrying value of our assets or liabilities. We cannot estimate the impacts COVID-19 will have on our business going forward as such impacts will be largely dependent upon a number of factors outside of our control including the extent and duration of the outbreak as well as any mitigating actions which may be undertaken by global governments and the general public.
9

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Appian and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Public Offering

In June 2020, we completed an underwritten public offering of 2,500,000 shares of our Class A common stock, of which 1,931,206 shares of Class A common stock were sold by us and 568,794 shares of Class A common stock were sold by existing stockholders. The underwriter purchased the shares from us and the selling stockholders at a price of $56.50 per share. Our net proceeds from the offering were $107.9 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses. We did not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of shares by the selling stockholders.

Revenue Recognition

Refer to Note 3 for a detailed discussion on specific revenue recognition principles related to our major revenue streams.

Cost of Revenue

Subscriptions

Cost of subscriptions revenue consists primarily of fees paid to our third-party managed hosting providers and other third-party service providers, personnel costs such as payroll and benefits for our technology operations and customer support teams, and allocated facility costs and overhead.

Professional Services

Cost of professional services revenue includes all direct and indirect costs to deliver our professional services and training, including employee compensation for our global professional services and training personnel, travel costs, third-party contractor costs, and allocated facility costs and overhead.

Concentration of Credit and Customer Risk

Our financial instruments exposed to concentration of credit and customer risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and trade accounts receivable. Deposits held with banks may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits. We believe the financial institutions holding our cash deposits are financially sound and, accordingly, minimal credit risk exists with respect to these balances.

With regard to our customers, credit evaluation and account monitoring procedures are used to minimize the risk of loss. We believe no additional credit risk beyond amounts provided for collection loss are inherent in accounts receivable. Revenue generated from government agencies represented 19.9% and 17.9% of our revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, of which the top three federal government agencies generated 8.7% and 7.4% of our revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. Additionally, 32.2% and 34.0% of our revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, was generated from foreign customers. When accounted for under ASC 606, revenue generated from government agencies represented 19.5% and 18.0% of our revenue for three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, of which the top three federal government agencies generated 8.6% and 7.2% of our revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. Additionally, 31.0% and 31.9% of our revenue during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, was generated from foreign customers.

Cash and Cash Equivalents
10

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

We consider all highly liquid investments with an original or remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase, as well as overnight repurchase investments, to be cash equivalents.

Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Accounts receivable are stated at realizable value, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on our assessment of the collectability of accounts and incorporates an estimation of expected lifetime credit losses on our receivables. We regularly review the composition of the accounts receivable aging, historical bad debts, changes in payment patterns, customer creditworthiness, and current economic trends. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in their inability to make required payments, additional provisions for doubtful accounts would be required and would increase bad debt expense. There was a $0.6 million increase in the allowance for doubtful accounts from December 31, 2019 to September 30, 2020.

Assets Recognized from the Costs to Obtain a Contract with a Customer

We capitalize the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer, including sales commissions paid to our direct sales force that are incremental costs to obtaining customer contracts. These costs are recorded as deferred commissions in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Costs to obtain a contract for a new customer or upsell are amortized over an estimated economic life of five years as sales commissions on initial sales are not commensurate with sales commissions on contract renewals. We determine the estimated economic life based on both qualitative and quantitative factors such as expected renewals, product life cycles, contractual terms, and customer attrition. We periodically review the carrying amount of deferred contract acquisition costs to determine whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that could impact the estimated economic life. Commissions paid relating to contract renewals are deferred and amortized over the related renewal period. We also capitalize the incremental fringe benefits associated with commission expenses paid to our direct sales force. Costs to obtain a contract for professional services arrangements are expensed as incurred as the contractual period of our professional services arrangements are one year or less.

Amortization associated with commission expense is recorded to sales and marketing costs in our condensed consolidated statements of operations. Commission expense was $5.6 million and $16.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. Commission expense was $3.6 million and $10.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Significant additions or improvements extending the useful life of an asset are capitalized, while repairs and maintenance costs which do not significantly improve the related assets or extend their useful lives are charged to expense as incurred.

The following table outlines useful lives of our major asset categories:

Asset CategoryUseful Life (in years)
Computer software3
Computer hardware3
Equipment5
Office furniture and fixtures10
Leasehold improvements
(a)
(a) - Leasehold improvements have an estimated useful life of the shorter of the useful life of the assets or the lease term.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

11

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
Long-lived assets and certain intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable through undiscounted cash flows from the use of the assets. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the assets are written down to their estimated fair value. No indicators of impairment were identified for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of our cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses approximate fair value as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 because of the relatively short duration of these instruments.

We use a three-tier fair value hierarchy to classify and disclose all assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, as well as assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, in periods subsequent to their initial measurement. The hierarchy requires us to use observable inputs when available and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs when determining fair value. The three tiers are defined as follows:

Level 1. Observable inputs based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2. Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3. Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require us to develop our own assumptions.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis Using Significant Unobservable Inputs

There were no instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Stock-Based Compensation

We account for stock-based compensation expense related to stock-based awards based on the estimated fair value of the award on the grant date. We calculate the fair value of stock options containing only a service condition using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The fair value of restricted stock units ("RSUs") is based on the closing market price of our common stock on the Nasdaq Global Market on the date of grant. For service-based awards such as RSUs, stock-based compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. For performance-based awards, stock-based compensation expense is recognized using the accelerated attribution method based on the probability of satisfying the performance condition. For awards that contain market conditions, compensation expense is measured using a Monte Carlo simulation and recognized using the accelerated attribution method over the derived service period based on the expected market performance as of the grant date. We account for forfeitures as they occur rather than estimating expected forfeitures.

Leases

Refer to Note 4 for a detailed discussion on our policies specific to leasing arrangements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Adopted

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326) ("ASU 2016-13"), which requires entities to measure all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This replaces the existing incurred loss model and is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Adopting the standard did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

12

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement ("ASU 2018-13"), which eliminates, modifies, and adds disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Adopting the standard did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40), Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs in cloud computing arrangements with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Adopting the standard did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

3. Revenue

Revenue Recognition

We generate subscriptions revenue primarily through the sale of software as a service ("SaaS") subscriptions bundled with maintenance and support and hosting services as well as term license subscriptions bundled with maintenance and support. We generate professional services revenue from fees for our consulting services, including application development and deployment assistance as well as training related to our platform.

The following table summarizes revenue from contracts with customers for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
SaaS subscriptions$34,312 $24,573 $92,282 $68,647 
Term license subscriptions11,830 9,199 37,002 28,859 
Maintenance and support4,618 4,002 13,330 11,685 
Professional services26,544 28,381 80,329 82,543 
Total revenue$77,304 $66,155 $222,943 $191,734 

Performance Obligations and Timing of Revenue Recognition

We primarily sell products and services that fall into the categories discussed below. Each category contains one or more performance obligations that are either (1) capable of being distinct (i.e., the customer can benefit from the product or service on its own or together with readily available resources, including those purchased separately from us) and distinct within the context of the contract (i.e., separately identified from other promises in the contract) or (2) a series of distinct products or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer. Our term license subscriptions are delivered at a point in time while our SaaS subscriptions, maintenance and support, and professional services are delivered over time.

Subscriptions Revenue

Subscriptions revenue is primarily related to (1) SaaS subscriptions bundled with maintenance and support and hosting services and (2) term license subscriptions bundled with maintenance and support. We generally charge subscription fees on a per-user basis and, to a lesser degree, non-user based single application licenses. We bill customers and collect payment for subscriptions to our platform in advance on an annual, quarterly, or monthly basis. In certain instances, our customers have paid their entire contract up front.

SaaS Subscriptions

13

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
We generate cloud-based subscription revenue primarily from the sales of subscriptions to access our cloud offering, together with related support services to our customers. We perform all required maintenance and support for our cloud offering. Revenue is recognized on a ratable basis over the contract term beginning on the date the service is made available to the customer. Our cloud-based subscription contracts generally have a term of one to three years in length. We bill customers and collect payment for subscriptions to our platform in advance, and they are non-cancellable.

Term License Subscriptions

Our term license subscription revenue is derived from customers with on-premise installations of our platform pursuant to contracts that were historically one to three years in length. The majority of recent contracts have been one year in length. Although term license subscriptions are sold with maintenance and support, the software is fully functional at the beginning of the subscription and is considered a distinct performance obligation. On rare occasions, a cloud-based subscription may include the right for the customer to take possession of the license and as such, the revenue is treated as a license. Revenue from term license subscriptions is recognized when control of the software license has transferred to the customer, which is the later of delivery or commencement of the contract term.

Maintenance and Support

Maintenance and support subscriptions include both technical support and when-and-if-available software upgrades, which are treated as a single performance obligation as they are considered a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same duration and measure of progress. Revenue from maintenance and support is recognized ratably over the contract period, which is the period over which the customer has continuous access to maintenance and support.

Professional Services

Our professional services revenue is comprised of fees for consulting services, including application development and deployment assistance as well as training services related to our platform. Our professional services are considered distinct performance obligations when sold standalone or with other products.

Consulting Services

We sell consulting services to assist customers in planning and executing the deployment of our software. Customers are not required to use consulting services to fully benefit from the software. Consulting services are regularly sold on a standalone basis and either (1) under a fixed-fee arrangement or (2) on a time and materials basis. Consulting contracts are each considered separate performance obligations because they do not integrate with each other or with other products and services to deliver a combined output to the customer, do not modify or customize (or are not modified or customized by) each other or other products and services, and do not affect the customer's ability to use the other consulting offerings or other products and services. Revenue under consulting contracts is recognized over time as services are delivered. For time and materials-based consulting contracts, we have elected the practical expedient of recognizing revenue upon invoicing since the invoiced amount corresponds directly to the value of our service to date.

Training Services

We sell various training services to our customers. Training services are sold in the form of prepaid training credits that are redeemed based on a fixed rate per course. Training revenue is recognized when the associated training services are delivered.

Significant Judgments and Estimates

Determining the Transaction Price

The transaction price includes both fixed and variable consideration. Variable consideration is included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable a significant reversal will not occur. The amount of variable consideration excluded from the transaction price for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was insignificant. Our estimates of variable consideration are also subject to subsequent true-up adjustments and may result in changes to transaction prices; however, such true-up adjustments are not expected to be material.
14

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)

Allocating the Transaction Price Based on Standalone Selling Prices ("SSP")

We allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in a contract based on its relative SSP. The SSP is the observable price at which we sell the product or service separately. In the absence of observable pricing, we estimate SSP using the residual approach. We establish SSP as follows:

1.SaaS subscriptions - Given the highly variable selling price of our SaaS subscriptions, we establish the SSP of our SaaS subscriptions using a residual approach after first determining the SSP of consulting and training services. We have concluded the residual approach to estimating SSP of our SaaS subscriptions is an appropriate allocation of the transaction price.

2.Term license subscriptions - Given the highly variable selling price of our term license subscriptions, we have established SSP of term license subscriptions using a residual approach after first determining the SSP of maintenance and support. Maintenance and support is sold on a standalone basis in conjunction with renewals of our legacy perpetual software licenses and within a narrow range of the net license fee. Because an economic relationship exists between the license and maintenance and support, we have concluded the residual approach to estimating SSP of term license subscriptions is an appropriate allocation of the transaction price.

3.Maintenance and support - We establish SSP of maintenance and support as a percentage of the stated net subscription fee based on observable pricing of maintenance and support renewals from our legacy perpetual software licenses.

4.Consulting services and training services - SSP of consulting services and training services is established based on the observable pricing of standalone sales within each geographic region where the services are sold.

Contract Balances

Timing may differ between the satisfaction of performance obligations and the invoicing and collection of amounts related to our contracts with customers. Contract assets primarily relate to unbilled amounts for contracts with customers for which the amount of revenue recognized exceeds the amount billed to the customer. Contract assets are transferred to accounts receivable when the right to invoice becomes unconditional. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, contract assets of $18.4 million and $22.8 million, respectively, are included in the Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Other assets line items in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Contract liabilities consists of deferred revenue and include payments received in advance of the satisfaction of performance obligations. Deferred revenue is then recognized as the revenue recognition criteria are met. Deferred revenue that will be recognized during the succeeding 12-month period is recorded as current, and the remaining deferred revenue is recorded as non-current. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we recognized $75.3 million of revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of December 31, 2019.

Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations

As of September 30, 2020, we had an aggregate transaction price of $185.8 million allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations. We expect to recognize $171.1 million of this balance as revenue over the next 24 months with the remaining amount recognized thereafter.

4. Leases

At the inception of an arrangement, we determine whether the arrangement is or contains a lease based on the unique facts and circumstances present and the classification of the lease. Operating leases with a term greater than one year are recognized on the balance sheet as right-of-use ("ROU") assets, lease liabilities, and, if applicable, long-term lease liabilities. ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. We have elected not to recognize on the balance sheet leases with a term of one year or less. For contracts with lease and non-lease components, we have elected not to allocate the contract consideration and to account for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. Finance leases are included in the Property and equipment,
15

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
net, Finance lease liabilities, current, and Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion line items in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Lease liabilities and their corresponding ROU assets are recorded based on the present value of lease payments over the expected lease term. The implicit rates within most of our leases are generally not determinable; therefore, we use the incremental borrowing rate at the lease commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments. The determination of our incremental borrowing rate requires judgment and is estimated for each lease based on the rate we would have to pay for a collateralized loan with the same term and payments as the lease. We consider various factors, including our level of collateralization, estimated credit rating, and the currency in which the lease is denominated. Operating lease ROU assets also include any lease prepayments, offset by lease incentives. Certain of our leases include options to extend or terminate the lease. An option to extend the lease is considered in connection with determining the ROU asset and lease liability when it is reasonably certain we will exercise that option while an option to terminate is considered unless it is reasonably certain we will not exercise the option. For certain equipment leases, we apply a portfolio approach to effectively account for the operating lease ROU assets and liabilities.

Expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term as an operating expense while the expense for finance leases is recognized as depreciation expense and interest expense. We have lease agreements which require payments for lease and non-lease components (i.e., common area maintenance) that are accounted for as a single lease component. Variable lease payment amounts that cannot be determined at the commencement of the lease, such as maintenance costs based on future obligations, are not included in ROU assets or lease liabilities but rather are expensed as incurred and recorded as variable lease expense.

We have operating and finance leases for corporate offices, office furniture and fixtures, and computer hardware. Our leases have remaining lease terms of 1 to 12 years, some of which include options to extend the leases for up to 5 years.

In April 2018, we entered into a lease agreement with respect to 176,222 square feet of office space in McLean, Virginia for a new corporate headquarters. The initial term of the lease was 150 months. We took initial possession of the first phase of the new headquarters in October 2018 and began to recognize rent expense as of that date. In February 2019, we took possession of a further 28,805 square feet of adjacent office space.

In January 2020, we entered into an amendment which adjusts the original terms of the headquarters lease. Under this amendment, we exercised an option to expand occupancy, adding 34,158 square feet of space. Occupancy of the added space is to commence upon the earlier of the completion of certain improvements or October 14, 2020. Pursuant to the guidance of ASC 842, the amendment is considered a modification to the original lease and is accounted for as a separate contract because it represents a new right-of-use asset and the lease costs charged on the new space are at prevailing market rates. Effective July 1, 2020, we have taken possession of the space, begun to recognize rent expense, and reported a $7.9 million ROU asset and lease liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The following table sets forth the components of lease expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Operating lease cost$1,695 $4,971 
Finance lease costs:
Amortization of right-of-use assets373 1,118 
Interest on lease liabilities41 138 
Short-term lease cost85 465 
Variable lease cost1 218 
Total$2,195 $6,910 

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APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases as of September 30, 2020 was as follows (in thousands, except for lease term and discount rate):
As of
September 30, 2020
Operating Leases
Operating right-of-use assets$30,855
Operating lease liabilities, current$6,592
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion51,727
Total operating lease liabilities$58,319
Finance Leases
Property and equipment, at cost$4,471
Accumulated depreciation(1,818)
Property and equipment, net$2,653
Finance lease liabilities, current$1,549
Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion1,192
Total finance lease liabilities$2,741
Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term (in years)
Operating leases10.8
Finance leases1.8
Weighted Average Discount Rate
Operating leases9.6 %
Finance leases5.5 %

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, amortization of operating right-of-use assets totaled $0.4 million and $1.3 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, interest expense on operating right-of-use liabilities totaled $0.7 million and $2.2 million, respectively.

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was as follows (in thousands):
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash outflows for operating leases$1,716 
Operating cash outflows for finance leases138 
Financing cash outflows for finance leases1,080 

A summary of our future minimum lease commitments under non-cancellable leases as of September 30, 2020 is as follows (in thousands):
17

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
Operating LeasesFinance Leases
2020 (excluding the nine months ended September 30, 2020)
$1,687 $405 
20217,455 1,620 
20228,078 859 
20238,157  
20248,544  
20259,240  
Thereafter57,382  
Total lease payments100,543 2,884 
Less: imputed interest(42,224)(143)
Total$58,319 $2,741 

5. Acquisitions

Novayre Solutions SL

In January 2020, we acquired 100% of the outstanding common stock of Novayre Solutions SL, a developer of a robotic process automation platform, for approximately $6.9 million. The acquisition was made due to the attractive nature of the product offerings of Novayre and in furtherance of our objective to enhance our automation platform. The transaction was financed through available cash on hand.

The allocation of the purchase price is preliminary pending the finalization of the fair value of the acquired net assets, liabilities assumed, deferred income taxes, and assumed income and non-income based tax liabilities. As of the acquisition date, the purchase price was assigned to the acquired assets and assumed liabilities as follows (in thousands):

Cash acquired$731 
Other current assets213 
Property and equipment22 
Developed technology1,537 
Customer relationships406 
Goodwill4,348 
Other noncurrent assets10 
Total assets acquired7,267 
Current liabilities14 
Noncurrent liabilities344 
Total liabilities assumed358 
Net assets acquired$6,909 

There were no changes to our reportable segments as a result of the acquisition, and revenue and expenses from the date of the acquisition through September 30, 2020 were immaterial. Additionally, acquisition costs incurred in relation to the transaction were immaterial.

Acquired property and equipment is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the assets' respective estimated remaining useful lives. Goodwill is calculated as the excess of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired and represents the future economic benefits expected to arise from other intangible assets acquired that do not qualify for separate recognition, including assembled workforce, non-contractual relationships, and expected future synergies. We do not expect the purchase price allocated to goodwill and intangible assets to be deductible for tax purposes.

6. Property and Equipment, net

18

APPIAN CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
Property and equipment, net consisted of the following as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Leasehold improvements$36,220 $37,130 
Office furniture and fixtures4,865 4,963 
Computer hardware3,903 3,365 
Computer software1,352 1,350 
Equipment48 72 
Property and equipment, gross46,388 46,880 
Less: accumulated depreciation(9,973)(7,326)
Property and equipment, net$36,415 $39,554 

Depreciation expense totaled $1.4 million and $4.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. There were no disposals recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2020. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we retired $1.3 million of leasehold improvements, $0.1 million of computer hardware, and $0.1 million of office furniture and fixtures and equipment. Nominal losses on disposal were recorded for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Depreciation expense totaled $1.3 million and $3.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. During the three months ended September 30, 2019, we retired $0.4 million of computer hardware and $0.1 million of equipment. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we retired $3.2 million of leasehold improvements, $0.8 million of computer hardware, $0.4 million of office furniture and fixtures, and $0.1 million of equipment. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded a loss on disposal of $0.1 million.

At September 30, 2020, property and equipment included $4.5 million of assets acquired under finance lease arrangements. Accumulated depreciation related to these finance lease arrangements totaled $1.8 million at September 30, 2020. Amortization of assets acquired under finance leases is included in depreciation and amortization expense.

7. Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses consisted of the following as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (in thousands):

September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Accrued hosting costs$1,332 $1,865 
Accrued contract labor costs1,221 1,921 
Accrued marketing and tradeshow expenses687 365 
Accrued audit and tax expenses281 315 
Accrued legal costs377 422 
Accrued reimbursable employee expenses183 1,353 
Accrued third party license fees234 288 
Other accrued expenses1,972 959 
Total$6,287 $7,488