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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             .
Commission file number: 001-35346
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
aptivimagea01a.jpg 
APTIV PLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Jersey 98-1029562
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
5 Hanover Quay
Grand Canal Dock
Dublin, D02 VY79, Ireland
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 353-1-259-7013
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report) N/A
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary Shares, $0.01 par value per shareAPTVNew York Stock Exchange
2.396% Senior Notes due 2025APTVNew York Stock Exchange
1.500% Senior Notes due 2025APTVNew York Stock Exchange
1.600% Senior Notes due 2028APTVNew York Stock Exchange
4.350% Senior Notes due 2029APTVNew York Stock Exchange
3.250% Senior Notes due 2032APTVNew York Stock Exchange
4.400% Senior Notes due 2046APTVNew York Stock Exchange
5.400% Senior Notes due 2049APTVNew York Stock Exchange
3.100% Senior Notes due 2051APTVNew York Stock Exchange
4.150% Senior Notes due 2052APTVNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
The number of the registrant’s ordinary shares outstanding, $0.01 par value per share as of April 26, 2024, was 272,062,381.


APTIV PLC
INDEX 
  Page
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II - Other Information
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 5.
Item 6.


2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
APTIV PLC
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (in millions, except per share amounts)
Net sales$4,901 $4,818 
Operating expenses:
Cost of sales4,023 4,058 
Selling, general and administrative366 342 
Amortization54 59 
Restructuring (Note 7)
39 11 
Total operating expenses4,482 4,470 
Operating income419 348 
Interest expense(65)(67)
Other income (expense), net (Note 16)
15 (1)
Income before income taxes and equity loss369 280 
Income tax expense (Note 11)
(76)(34)
Income before equity loss293 246 
Equity loss, net of tax(69)(82)
Net income224 164 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest6 3 
Net loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest (1)
Net income attributable to Aptiv218 162 
Mandatory convertible preferred share dividends (Note 12)
 (16)
Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders$218 $146 
Basic net income per share:
Basic net income per share attributable to ordinary shareholders$0.79 $0.54 
Weighted average number of basic shares outstanding275.19 271.01 
Diluted net income per share (Note 12):
Diluted net income per share attributable to ordinary shareholders$0.79 $0.54 
Weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding275.31 271.17 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


APTIV PLC
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (in millions)
Net income$224 $164 
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Currency translation adjustments(71)17 
Net change in unrecognized gain on derivative instruments, net of tax (Note 14)
15 94 
Other comprehensive (loss) income(56)111 
Comprehensive income168 275 
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests5 3 
Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest(2)1 
Comprehensive income attributable to Aptiv$165 $271 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


APTIV PLC
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
March 31, 2024December 31,
2023
(Unaudited)
 (in millions)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$941 $1,640 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $49 million and $52 million, respectively (Note 2)
3,652 3,546 
Inventories (Note 3)
2,371 2,365 
Other current assets (Note 4)
727 696 
Total current assets7,691 8,247 
Long-term assets:
Property, net3,764 3,785 
Operating lease right-of-use assets530 540 
Investments in affiliates (Note 21)
1,363 1,443 
Intangible assets, net (Note 2)
2,326 2,399 
Goodwill (Note 2)
5,110 5,151 
Other long-term assets (Note 4)
2,860 2,862 
Total long-term assets15,953 16,180 
Total assets$23,644 $24,427 
LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Short-term debt (Note 8)
$1,487 $9 
Accounts payable2,893 3,151 
Accrued liabilities (Note 5)
1,576 1,648 
Total current liabilities5,956 4,808 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt (Note 8)
4,721 6,204 
Pension benefit obligations418 417 
Long-term operating lease liabilities442 453 
Other long-term liabilities (Note 5)
688 701 
Total long-term liabilities6,269 7,775 
Total liabilities12,225 12,583 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Redeemable noncontrolling interest (Note 2)
97 99 
Shareholders’ equity:
Preferred shares, $0.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding
  
Ordinary shares, $0.01 par value per share, 1,200,000,000 shares authorized, 272,044,109 and 279,033,365 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
3 3 
Additional paid-in-capital3,968 4,028 
Retained earnings7,847 8,162 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 13)
(698)(645)
Total Aptiv shareholders’ equity11,120 11,548 
Noncontrolling interest202 197 
Total shareholders’ equity11,322 11,745 
Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interest and shareholders’ equity$23,644 $24,427 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


APTIV PLC
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (in millions)
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$224 $164 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation176 157 
Amortization54 59 
Amortization of deferred debt issuance costs2 2 
Restructuring expense, net of cash paid(36)(24)
Deferred income taxes32 (7)
Pension and other postretirement benefit expenses12 11 
Loss from equity method investments, net of dividends received76 82 
Loss on sale of assets1 1 
Share-based compensation27 19 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(106)(131)
Inventories(6)(144)
Other assets1 (18)
Accounts payable(179)(73)
Accrued and other long-term liabilities(29)(115)
Other, net2 16 
Pension contributions(7)(8)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities244 (9)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures(265)(269)
Cost of business acquisitions and other transactions, net of cash acquired (38)
Cost of technology investments(40)(1)
Settlement of derivatives (1)
Net cash used in investing activities(305)(309)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Net repayments under other short-term debt agreements(6)(6)
Net repayments under other long-term debt agreements (2)
Repurchase of ordinary shares(600)(68)
Distribution of mandatory convertible preferred share cash dividends (16)
Taxes withheld and paid on employees’ restricted share awards(20)(30)
Net cash used in financing activities(626)(122)
Effect of exchange rate fluctuations on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(12)2 
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(699)(438)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of the period1,640 1,555 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of the period$941 $1,117 
March 31,
20242023
(in millions)
Supplemental non-cash investing activities:
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable$214 $219 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash classified as assets held for sale:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$941 $1,100 
Cash classified as assets held for sale 17 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$941 $1,117 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

6


APTIV PLC
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
Ordinary SharesPreferred Shares
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestNumber of sharesAmount of sharesNumber of sharesAmount of sharesAdditional Paid in CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Aptiv Shareholders’ EquityNoncontrolling InterestTotal Shareholders’ Equity
2024(in millions)
Balance at January 1, 2024$99 279 $3  $ $4,028 $8,162 $(645)$11,548 $197 $11,745 
Net income— — — — — — 218 — 218 — 218 
Other comprehensive loss(2)— — — — — — (53)(53)(1)(54)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest— — — — — — — — — 6 6 
Taxes withheld on employees’ restricted share award vestings— — — — — (20)— — (20)— (20)
Repurchase of ordinary shares— (7)— — — (67)(533)— (600)— (600)
Share-based compensation— — — — — 27 — — 27 — 27 
Balance at March 31, 2024$97 272 $3  $ $3,968 $7,847 $(698)$11,120 $202 $11,322 
2023
Balance at January 1, 2023$96 271 $3 12 $ $3,989 $5,608 $(791)$8,809 $189 $8,998 
Net income— — — — — — 162 — 162 — 162 
Other comprehensive income2 — — — — — — 109 109 — 109 
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest(1)— — — — — — — — 3 3 
Mandatory convertible preferred share cumulative dividends— — — — — — (16)— (16)— (16)
Taxes withheld on employees’ restricted share award vestings— — — — — (30)— — (30)— (30)
Repurchase of ordinary shares— — — — — (6)(64)— (70)— (70)
Share-based compensation— — — — — 19 — — 19 — 19 
Balance at March 31, 2023$97 271 $3 12 $ $3,972 $5,690 $(682)$8,983 $192 $9,175 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.


7


APTIV PLC
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
1. GENERAL
General and basis of presentation—“Aptiv,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Aptiv PLC (formerly known as Delphi Automotive PLC), a public limited company formed under the laws of Jersey on May 19, 2011, which completed an initial public offering on November 22, 2011, and its consolidated subsidiaries. The Company’s ordinary shares are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “APTV.”
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring items, which are necessary for a fair presentation, have been included. The consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this report should be read in conjunction with Aptiv’s 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Nature of operations—Aptiv is a leading global technology and mobility architecture company primarily serving the automotive sector. We deliver end-to-end mobility solutions enabling our customers’ transition to more electrified, software-defined vehicles. We design and manufacture vehicle components and provide electrical, electronic and active safety technology solutions to the global automotive and commercial vehicle markets. Aptiv operates manufacturing facilities and technical centers utilizing a regional service model that enables the Company to efficiently and effectively serve its global customers from best cost countries.

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Consolidation—The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Aptiv and the subsidiaries in which Aptiv holds a controlling financial or management interest and variable interest entities of which Aptiv has determined that it is the primary beneficiary. Aptiv’s share of the earnings or losses of non-controlled affiliates, over which Aptiv exercises significant influence (generally a 20% to 50% ownership interest), is included in the consolidated operating results using the equity method of accounting. When Aptiv does not have the ability to exercise significant influence (generally when ownership interest is less than 20%), investments in non-consolidated affiliates without readily determinable fair value are measured at cost, less impairments, adjusted for observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments of the same issuer, while investments in publicly traded equity securities are measured at fair value based on quoted prices for identical assets on active market exchanges as of each reporting date. The Company monitors its investments in affiliates for indicators of other-than-temporary declines in value on an ongoing basis. If the Company determines that such a decline has occurred, an impairment loss is recorded, which is measured as the difference between carrying value and estimated fair value. Estimated fair value is generally determined using an income approach based on discounted cash flows or negotiated transaction values.
Intercompany transactions and balances between consolidated Aptiv businesses have been eliminated.
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, Aptiv received a dividend of $7 million from its equity method investments. The dividends were recognized as a reduction to the investment and represented a return on investment included in cash flows from operating activities.
Aptiv’s investments in publicly traded equity securities totaled $13 million and $14 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, and are classified within other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Aptiv’s non-publicly traded investments totaled $91 million and $51 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively, and are classified within other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Refer to Note 21. Investments in Affiliates for further information regarding Aptiv’s investments.
In 2022, the Company acquired 85% of the equity interests of Intercable Automotive Solutions S.r.l. (“Intercable Automotive”). Concurrent with the acquisition, the Company entered into an agreement with the noncontrolling interest holders that provides the Company with the right to purchase, and the noncontrolling interest holders with the right to sell, the remaining 15% of Intercable Automotive for cash at a contractually defined value beginning in 2026. As a result of this redemption feature, the Company recorded the redeemable noncontrolling interest at its acquisition-date fair value to temporary equity in the consolidated balance sheet. The redeemable noncontrolling interest is adjusted each reporting period for the income (loss) attributable to the noncontrolling interest, and for any measurement period adjustments necessary to record the redeemable noncontrolling interest at the higher of its redemption value, assuming it was redeemable at the reporting date, or its carrying value. Any measurement period adjustments are recorded to retained earnings, with a corresponding increase or reduction to net income attributable to Aptiv. Redeemable noncontrolling interest was $97 million and $99 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.

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Use of estimates—Preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported therein. Generally, matters subject to estimation and judgment include amounts related to accounts receivable realization, inventory obsolescence, asset impairments, useful lives of intangible and fixed assets, deferred tax asset valuation allowances, income taxes, pension benefit plan assumptions, accruals related to litigation, warranty costs, environmental remediation costs, contingent consideration arrangements, redeemable noncontrolling interest, worker’s compensation accruals and healthcare accruals. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making estimates, actual results reported in future periods may be based upon amounts that differ from those estimates.
Revenue recognition—Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in a contract with a customer. Customer contracts for production parts generally are represented by a combination of a current purchase order and a current production schedule issued by the customer. Customer contracts for software licenses are generally represented by a sales contract or purchase order with contract durations typically ranging from one to three years. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a customer. Revenue from software licenses and professional software services is generally recognized at a point in time upon delivery or when the services are provided. Revenue from post delivery support and maintenance for software contracts is generally recognized over time on a ratable basis over the contract term. From time to time, Aptiv enters into pricing agreements with its customers that provide for price reductions, some of which are conditional upon achieving certain joint cost saving targets. In these instances, revenue is recognized based on the agreed-upon price at the time of shipment.
Sales incentives and allowances are recognized as a reduction to revenue at the time of the related sale. In addition, from time to time, Aptiv makes payments to customers in conjunction with ongoing business. These payments to customers are generally recognized as a reduction to revenue at the time of the commitment to make these payments. However, certain other payments to customers, or upfront fees, meet the criteria to be considered a cost to obtain a contract as they are directly attributable to a contract, are incremental and management expects the fees to be recoverable.
Aptiv collects and remits taxes assessed by different governmental authorities that are both imposed on and concurrent with a revenue-producing transaction between the Company and the Company’s customers. These taxes may include, but are not limited to, sales, use, value-added, and some excise taxes. Aptiv reports the collection of these taxes on a net basis (excluded from revenues). Shipping and handling fees billed to customers are included in net sales, while costs of shipping and handling are included in cost of sales. Refer to Note 20. Revenue for further information.
Net income per share—Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share reflects the weighted average dilutive impact of all potentially dilutive securities from the date of issuance and is computed using the treasury stock and if-converted methods. Prior to the conversion of the 5.50% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Shares, Series A, $0.01 par value per share (the “MCPS”) into ordinary shares in June 2023, the if-converted method was used to determine if the impact of the conversion of the MCPS into ordinary shares was more dilutive than the MCPS dividends to net income per share. If so, the MCPS were assumed to have been converted at the later of the beginning of the period or the time of issuance, and the resulting ordinary shares were included in the denominator and the MCPS dividends were added back to the numerator. Unless otherwise noted, share and per share amounts included in these notes are on a diluted basis. Refer to Note 12. Shareholders’ Equity and Net Income Per Share for additional information including the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share.
Cash and cash equivalents—Cash and cash equivalents are defined as short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, for which the book value approximates fair value.
Accounts receivable—Aptiv enters into agreements to sell certain of its accounts receivable, primarily in Europe. Sales of receivables are accounted for in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 860, Transfers and Servicing (“ASC 860”). Agreements which result in true sales of the transferred receivables, as defined in ASC 860, which occur when receivables are transferred without recourse to the Company, are excluded from amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets. Cash proceeds received from such sales are included in operating cash flows. Agreements that allow Aptiv to maintain effective control over the transferred receivables and which do not qualify as a sale, as defined in ASC 860, are accounted for as secured borrowings and recorded in the consolidated balance sheets within accounts receivable, net and short-term debt. The expenses associated with receivables factoring are recorded in the consolidated statements of operations within interest expense.
Credit losses—Aptiv is exposed to credit losses primarily through the sale of vehicle components, software licenses and services. Aptiv assesses the creditworthiness of a counterparty by conducting ongoing credit reviews, which considers the Company’s expected billing exposure and timing for payment, as well as the counterparty’s established credit rating. When a credit rating is not available, the Company’s assessment is based on an analysis of the counterparty’s financial statements. Aptiv also considers contract terms and conditions, country and political risk, and business strategy in its evaluation. Based on the outcome of this review, the Company establishes a credit limit for each counterparty. The Company continues to monitor its

9


ongoing credit exposure through active review of counterparty balances against contract terms and due dates, which includes timely account reconciliation, payment confirmation and dispute resolution. The Company may also employ collection agencies and legal counsel to pursue recovery of defaulted receivables, if necessary.
Aptiv primarily utilizes historical loss and recovery data, combined with information on current economic conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts to develop the estimate of the allowance for doubtful accounts in accordance with ASC Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (“ASC 326”). As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company reported $3,652 million and $3,546 million, respectively, of accounts receivable, net of the allowances, which includes the allowance for doubtful accounts of $49 million and $52 million, respectively. Changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts were not material for the three months ended March 31, 2024.
Inventories—As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, inventories are stated at the lower of cost, determined on a first-in, first-out basis, or net realizable value, including direct material costs and direct and indirect manufacturing costs. Refer to Note 3. Inventories for additional information. Obsolete inventory is identified based on analysis of inventory for known obsolescence issues, and, generally, the net realizable value of inventory on hand in excess of one year’s supply is fully-reserved.
From time to time, payments may be received from suppliers. These payments from suppliers are recognized as a reduction of the cost of the material acquired during the period to which the payments relate. In some instances, supplier rebates are received in conjunction with or concurrent with the negotiation of future purchase agreements and these amounts are amortized over the prospective agreement period as purchases are made.
Assets and liabilities held for sale—The Company considers assets to be held for sale when management, having the appropriate authority, approves and commits to a formal plan to actively market the assets for sale at a price reasonable in relation to their estimated fair value, the assets are available for immediate sale in their present condition, an active program to locate a buyer and other actions required to complete the sale have been initiated, the sale of the assets is probable and expected to be completed within one year and it is unlikely that significant changes will be made to the plan. Upon designation as held for sale, the Company records the assets at the lower of their carrying value or their estimated fair value, less cost to sell, and ceases to record depreciation expense on the assets.
Assets and liabilities of a discontinued operation are reclassified as held for sale for all comparative periods presented in the consolidated balance sheets. For assets that meet the held for sale criteria but do not meet the definition of a discontinued operation, the Company reclassifies the assets and liabilities in the period in which the held for sale criteria are met, but does not reclassify prior period amounts.
Intangible assets—Intangible assets were $2,326 million and $2,399 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The Company amortizes definite-lived intangible assets over their estimated useful lives. The Company has definite-lived intangible assets related to patents and developed technology, customer relationships and trade names. Indefinite-lived in-process research and development intangible assets are not amortized, but are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when indicators of potential impairment exist, until the completion or abandonment of the associated research and development efforts. Upon completion of the projects, the assets will be amortized over the expected economic life of the asset, which will be determined on that date. Should the project be determined to be abandoned, and if the asset developed has no alternative use, the full value of the asset will be charged to expense. The Company also has intangible assets related to acquired trade names that are classified as indefinite-lived when there are no foreseeable limits on the periods of time over which they are expected to contribute cash flows. These indefinite-lived trade name assets are tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when indicators of potential impairment exist. Costs to renew or extend the term of acquired intangible assets are recognized as expense as incurred. Amortization expense was $54 million and $59 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, which includes the impact of any intangible asset impairment charges recorded during the period.
Goodwill—Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of identifiable net assets acquired in business combinations. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, or more frequently when indications of potential impairment exist. The Company monitors the existence of potential impairment indicators throughout the fiscal year. The Company tests for goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level. Our reporting units are the components of operating segments which constitute businesses for which discrete financial information is available and is regularly reviewed by segment management.
The impairment test involves first qualitatively assessing goodwill for impairment. If the qualitative assessment is not met the Company then performs a quantitative assessment by comparing the estimated fair value of each reporting unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. Fair value reflects the price a market participant would be willing to pay in a potential sale of the reporting unit. If the estimated fair value exceeds carrying value, then we conclude that no goodwill impairment has occurred. If the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value, the Company recognizes an impairment loss in an amount equal to the excess, not to exceed the amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The Company

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qualitatively concluded there were no goodwill impairments during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. Goodwill was $5,110 million and $5,151 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
Warranty and product recalls—Expected warranty costs for products sold are recognized at the time of sale of the product based on an estimate of the amount that eventually will be required to settle such obligations. These accruals are based on factors such as past experience, production changes, industry developments and various other considerations. Costs of product recalls, which may include the cost of the product being replaced as well as the customer’s cost of the recall, including labor to remove and replace the recalled part, are accrued as part of our warranty accrual at the time an obligation becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated. These estimates are adjusted from time to time based on facts and circumstances that impact the status of existing claims. Refer to Note 6. Warranty Obligations for additional information.
Income taxes—Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect temporary differences between the amount of assets and liabilities for financial and tax reporting purposes. Such amounts are adjusted, as appropriate, to reflect changes in tax rates expected to be in effect when the temporary differences reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in earnings in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. In the event the Company determines it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be realized in the future, the valuation allowance adjustment to the deferred tax assets will be charged to earnings in the period in which the Company makes such a determination. In determining whether an uncertain tax position exists, the Company determines, based solely on its technical merits, whether the tax position is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination, and if so, a tax benefit is measured on a cumulative probability basis that is more likely than not to be realized upon the ultimate settlement. In determining the provision for income taxes for financial statement purposes, the Company makes certain estimates and judgments which affect its evaluation of the carrying value of its deferred tax assets, as well as its calculation of certain tax liabilities. As it relates to changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), the Company’s policy is to release tax effects from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) when the underlying components affect earnings. Refer to Note 11. Income Taxes for additional information.
Restructuring—Aptiv continually evaluates alternatives to align the business with the changing needs of its customers and to lower operating costs. This includes the realignment of its existing manufacturing capacity, facility closures, or similar actions, either in the normal course of business or pursuant to significant restructuring programs. These actions may result in employees receiving voluntary or involuntary employee termination benefits, which are mainly pursuant to union or other contractual agreements or statutory requirements. Voluntary termination benefits are accrued when an employee accepts the related offer. Involuntary termination benefits are accrued upon the commitment to a termination plan and when the benefit arrangement is communicated to affected employees, or when liabilities are determined to be probable and estimable, depending on the existence of a substantive plan for severance or termination. Contract termination costs and certain early termination lease costs are recorded when contracts are terminated. All other exit costs are expensed as incurred. Refer to Note 7. Restructuring for additional information.
Customer concentrations—We sell our products and services to the major global OEMs in every region of the world. Our ten largest customers accounted for approximately 55% of our total net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2024, none of which individually exceeded 10%, and approximately 54% for the three months ended March 31, 2023, none of which individually exceeded 10%. During each period presented, our Signal and Power Solutions segment recognized net sales to all of our ten largest customers and our Advanced Safety and User Experience segment recognized net sales to nine of our ten largest customers.
Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted—In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. The amendments in this update require public entities to disclose specific categories in the effective tax rate reconciliation, as well as additional information for reconciling items that exceed a quantitative threshold. The amendments also require all entities to disclose income taxes paid disaggregated by federal, state and foreign taxes, and further disaggregated for specific jurisdictions that exceed 5% of total income taxes paid, among other expanded disclosures. The new guidance will be applied prospectively and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with the option to apply retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is expected to result in incremental disclosures in the Company’s financial statements.
In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures. The amendments in this update require public entities to disclose, on an annual and interim basis, significant segment expenses that are regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker (the “CODM”) and which are included within each reported measure of segment profit or loss as well as disclosure of other segment items and a description of their composition. The amendments also require public entities to disclose the title and position of the CODM and an explanation of how the CODM uses the reported measure(s) of segment profit or loss in assessing segment performance and deciding how to allocate resources. The new guidance will be applied retrospectively and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. The adoption of this guidance is expected to result in incremental disclosures in the Company’s financial statements.

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In August 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-05, Business Combinations - Joint Venture Formations (Subtopic 805-60): Recognition and Initial Measurement. The amendments in this update require a joint venture to initially recognize all contributions received at fair value upon formation. The new guidance is applicable to joint venture entities with a formation date on or after January 1, 2025 and is to be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on Aptiv’s consolidated financial statements.

3. INVENTORIES
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost, determined on a first-in, first-out basis, or net realizable value, including direct material costs and direct and indirect manufacturing costs. A summary of inventories is shown below:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
 (in millions)
Productive material$1,483 $1,507 
Work-in-process163 178 
Finished goods725 680 
Total$2,371 $2,365 


4. ASSETS
Other current assets consisted of the following:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
 (in millions)
Value added tax receivable$168 $160 
Prepaid insurance and other expenses101 91 
Reimbursable engineering costs138 122 
Notes receivable6 9 
Income and other taxes receivable94 100 
Deposits to vendors5 6 
Derivative financial instruments (Note 14)140 138 
Capitalized upfront fees (Note 20)10 12 
Contract assets (Note 20)62 55 
Other3 3 
Total$727 $696 

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Other long-term assets consisted of the following:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
 (in millions)
Deferred income taxes, net$2,311 $2,351 
Unamortized Revolving Credit Facility debt issuance costs5 6 
Income and other taxes receivable45 33 
Reimbursable engineering costs146 163 
Value added tax receivable2 2 
Technology investments (Note 21)104 65 
Derivative financial instruments (Note 14)28 23 
Capitalized upfront fees (Note 20)48 49 
Contract assets (Note 20)66 67 
Other105 103 
Total$2,860 $2,862 

5. LIABILITIES
Accrued liabilities consisted of the following:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
 (in millions)
Payroll-related obligations$387 $371 
Employee benefits, including current pension obligations77 131 
Income and other taxes payable156 175 
Warranty obligations (Note 6)53 52 
Restructuring (Note 7)107 142 
Customer deposits107 91 
Derivative financial instruments (Note 14) 6 
Accrued interest51 51 
Contract liabilities (Note 20)82 93 
Operating lease liabilities120 121 
Other436 415 
Total$1,576 $1,648 

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Other long-term liabilities consisted of the following:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
 (in millions)
Environmental$3 $3 
Extended disability benefits4 4 
Warranty obligations (Note 6)8 9 
Restructuring (Note 7)23 25 
Payroll-related obligations12 12 
Accrued income taxes169 169 
Deferred income taxes, net383 394 
Contract liabilities (Note 20)17 16 
Derivative financial instruments (Note 14) 1 
Other69 68 
Total$688 $701 

6. WARRANTY OBLIGATIONS
Expected warranty costs for products sold are recognized principally at the time of sale of the product based on an estimate of the amount that eventually will be required to settle such obligations. These accruals are based on factors such as past experience, production changes, industry developments and various other considerations. The estimated costs related to product recalls based on a formal campaign soliciting return of that product are accrued at the time an obligation becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated. These estimates are adjusted from time to time based on facts and circumstances that impact the status of existing claims. Aptiv has recognized a reasonable estimate for its total aggregate warranty reserves, including product recall costs, across all of its operating segments as of March 31, 2024. The Company estimates the reasonably possible amount to ultimately resolve all matters in excess of the recorded reserves as of March 31, 2024 to be zero to $25 million.
The table below summarizes the activity in the product warranty liability for the three months ended March 31, 2024:
 Warranty Obligations
 (in millions)
Accrual balance at beginning of period$61 
Provision for estimated warranties incurred during the period7 
Changes in estimate for pre-existing warranties7 
Settlements(14)
Accrual balance at end of period$61 

7. RESTRUCTURING
Aptiv’s restructuring activities are undertaken as necessary to implement management’s strategy, streamline operations, take advantage of available capacity and resources, and ultimately achieve net cost reductions. These activities generally relate to the realignment of existing manufacturing capacity and closure of facilities and other exit or disposal activities, as it relates to executing Aptiv’s strategy, either in the normal course of business or pursuant to significant restructuring programs.
As part of the Company’s continued efforts to optimize its cost structure, it has undertaken several restructuring programs which include workforce reductions as well as plant closures. These programs are primarily focused on reducing global overhead costs and on the continued rotation of our manufacturing footprint to best cost locations in Europe. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company recorded employee-related and other restructuring charges related to these programs totaling approximately $39 million, of which $24 million was recognized for a program initiated in the fourth quarter of 2023 focused on global salaried headcount reduction, primarily in the European region. We expect to recognize additional charges of approximately $50 million related to this program through the remainder of 2024, with cash payments expected to be largely completed within the next twelve months.

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There have been no changes in previously initiated programs that have resulted (or are expected to result) in a material change to our restructuring costs. The Company expects to incur additional restructuring costs of approximately $60 million (of which approximately $40 million relates to the Signal and Power Solutions segment and approximately $20 million relates to the Advanced Safety and User Experience segment) for programs approved as of March 31, 2024, which includes the amounts related to the global salaried headcount reduction program described above and which are expected to be incurred within the next twelve months.
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, Aptiv recorded employee-related and other restructuring charges totaling approximately $11 million.
Restructuring charges for employee separation and termination benefits are paid either over the severance period or in a lump sum in accordance with either statutory requirements or individual agreements. Aptiv incurred cash expenditures related to its restructuring programs of approximately $75 million and $35 million in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
The following table summarizes the restructuring charges recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 by operating segment:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (in millions)
Signal and Power Solutions$22 $7 
Advanced Safety and User Experience17 4 
Total$39 $11 
The table below summarizes the activity in the restructuring liability for the three months ended March 31, 2024:
Employee Termination Benefits LiabilityOther Exit Costs LiabilityTotal
 (in millions)
Accrual balance at January 1, 2024$167 $ $167 
Provision for estimated expenses incurred during the period39  39 
Payments made during the period(75) (75)
Foreign currency and other(1) (1)
Accrual balance at March 31, 2024$130 $ $130 


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8. DEBT
The following is a summary of debt outstanding, net of unamortized issuance costs and discounts, as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
(in millions)
2.396%, senior notes, due 2025 (net of $1 and $2 unamortized issuance costs, respectively)
$699 $698 
1.50%, Euro-denominated senior notes, due 2025 (net of $1 and $1 unamortized issuance costs, respectively)
757 772 
1.60%, Euro-denominated senior notes, due 2028 (net of $2 and $2 unamortized issuance costs, respectively)
540 550 
4.35%, senior notes, due 2029 (net of $2 and $2 unamortized issuance costs, respectively)
298 298 
3.25%, senior notes, due 2032 (net of $6 and $6 unamortized issuance costs and $2 and $2 discount, respectively)
792 792 
4.40%, senior notes, due 2046 (net of $3 and $3 unamortized issuance costs and $1 and $1 discount, respectively)
296 296 
5.40%, senior notes, due 2049 (net of $4 and $4 unamortized issuance costs and $1 and $1 discount, respectively)
345 345 
3.10%, senior notes, due 2051 (net of $16 and $16 unamortized issuance costs and $30 and $30 discount, respectively)
1,454 1,454 
4.15%, senior notes, due 2052 (net of $11 and $11 unamortized issuance costs and $2 and $2 discount, respectively)
987 987 
Finance leases and other40 21 
Total debt6,208 6,213 
Less: current portion(1,487)(9)
Long-term debt$4,721 $6,204 
Credit Agreement
Aptiv PLC and its wholly-owned subsidiary Aptiv Corporation entered into a credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent (the “Administrative Agent”), under which it maintains a senior unsecured credit facility currently consisting of a revolving credit facility of $2 billion (the “Revolving Credit Facility”). The Revolving Credit Facility matures on June 24, 2026. As of September 30, 2023, the Company also maintained a senior unsecured credit facility in the form of a term loan (the “Tranche A Term Loan”). On October 27, 2023, the Company fully repaid the outstanding principal balance of $301 million on the Tranche A Term Loan, utilizing cash on hand. Aptiv Global Financing Limited (“AGFL”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Aptiv PLC, previously executed a joinder agreement to the Credit Agreement, which allows it to act as a borrower under the Credit Agreement, and a guaranty supplement, under which AGFL guarantees the obligations under the Credit Agreement, subject to certain exceptions.
The Credit Agreement was entered into in March 2011 and has been subsequently amended and restated on several occasions, most recently on June 24, 2021, and was further amended on April 19, 2023. The June 2021 amendment, among other things, (1) refinanced and replaced the term loan A and revolver with a new term loan A that matured in 2026, and a new five-year revolving credit facility with aggregate commitments of $2 billion, (2) utilized the Company’s existing sustainability-linked metrics and commitments, that, if achieved, would change the facility fee and interest rate margins as described below, and (3) established the leverage ratio maintenance covenant that requires the Company to maintain total net leverage (as calculated in accordance with the Credit Agreement) of less than 3.5 to 1.0 (or 4.0 to 1.0 for four full fiscal quarters following completion of material acquisitions, as defined in the Credit Agreement) and allowed for dividends and other payments on equity. Effective from the date of the April 2023 amendment, all interest rate benchmarks within the Credit Agreement that were previously based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) were transitioned to a rate based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”). The Credit Agreement also contains an accordion feature that permits Aptiv to increase, from time to time, the aggregate borrowing capacity under the Credit Agreement by up to an additional $1 billion upon Aptiv’s request, the agreement of the lenders participating in the increase, and the approval of the Administrative Agent. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement are prepayable at Aptiv’s option without premium or penalty.
As of March 31, 2024, Aptiv had no amounts outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility and less than $1 million in letters of credit were issued under the Credit Agreement. Letters of credit issued under the Credit Agreement reduce availability under the Revolving Credit Facility.

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Loans under the Credit Agreement bear interest, at Aptiv’s option, at either (a) the Administrative Agent’s Alternate Base Rate (“ABR” as defined in the Credit Agreement) or (b) SOFR plus in either case a percentage per annum as set forth in the table below (the “Applicable Rate”). The rates under the Credit Agreement on the specified dates are set forth below:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
SOFR plusABR plusSOFR plusABR plus
Revolving Credit Facility1.06 %0.06 %1.06 %0.06 %
The Applicable Rate under the Credit Agreement, as well as the facility fee, may increase or decrease from time to time based on changes in the Company’s credit ratings and whether the Company achieves or fails to achieve certain sustainability-linked targets with respect to greenhouse gas emissions and workplace safety. Such adjustments may be up to 0.04% per annum on interest rate margins on the Revolving Credit Facility, 0.02% per annum on interest rate margins on the Tranche A Term Loan (prior to its repayment, as described above) and 0.01% per annum on the facility fee. Accordingly, the interest rate is subject to fluctuation during the term of the Credit Agreement based on changes in the ABR, SOFR, changes in the Company’s corporate credit ratings or whether the Company achieves or fails to achieve its sustainability-linked targets. The Credit Agreement also requires that Aptiv pay certain facility fees on the Revolving Credit Facility, which are also subject to adjustment based on the sustainability-linked targets as described above, and certain letter of credit issuance and fronting fees. The Company achieved the sustainability-linked targets for the 2022 calendar year, and the interest rate margins and facility fees were reduced from the Applicable Rates, by the amounts specified above, effective in the third quarter of 2023.
The Credit Agreement contains certain covenants that limit, among other things, the Company’s (and the Company’s subsidiaries’) ability to incur certain additional indebtedness or liens or to dispose of substantially all of its assets. In addition, the Credit Agreement requires that the Company maintain a consolidated leverage ratio (the ratio of Consolidated Total Indebtedness to Consolidated EBITDA, each as defined in the Credit Agreement) of not more than 3.5 to 1.0 (or 4.0 to 1.0 for four full fiscal quarters following completion of material acquisitions, as defined in the Credit Agreement).
The Credit Agreement also contains events of default customary for financings of this type. The Company was in compliance with the Credit Agreement covenants as of March 31, 2024.
As of March 31, 2024, all obligations under the Credit Agreement were borrowed by Aptiv Corporation and jointly and severally guaranteed by AGFL and Aptiv PLC, subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Credit Agreement.
Senior Unsecured Notes
On March 10, 2015, Aptiv PLC issued €700 million in aggregate principal amount of 1.50% Euro-denominated senior unsecured notes due 2025 (the “2015 Euro-denominated Senior Notes”) in a transaction registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). The 2015 Euro-denominated Senior Notes were priced at 99.54% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 1.55%. The proceeds were primarily utilized to redeem $500 million of 6.125% senior unsecured notes due 2021, and to fund growth initiatives, such as acquisitions, and share repurchases. Aptiv incurred approximately $5 million of issuance costs in connection with the 2015 Euro-denominated Senior Notes. Interest is payable annually on March 10. The Company has designated the 2015 Euro-denominated Senior Notes as a net investment hedge of the foreign currency exposure of its investments in certain Euro-denominated wholly-owned subsidiaries. Refer to Note 14. Derivatives and Hedging Activities for further information.
On September 15, 2016, Aptiv PLC issued €500 million in aggregate principal amount of 1.60% Euro-denominated senior unsecured notes due 2028 (the “2016 Euro-denominated Senior Notes”) in a transaction registered under the Securities Act. The 2016 Euro-denominated Senior Notes were priced at 99.881% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 1.611%. The proceeds, together with proceeds from the 2016 Senior Notes described below, were utilized to redeem $800 million of 5.00% senior unsecured notes due 2023. Aptiv incurred approximately $4 million of issuance costs in connection with the 2016 Euro-denominated Senior Notes. Interest is payable annually on September 15. The Company has designated the 2016 Euro-denominated Senior Notes as a net investment hedge of the foreign currency exposure of its investments in certain Euro-denominated wholly-owned subsidiaries. Refer to Note 14. Derivatives and Hedging Activities for further information.
On September 20, 2016, Aptiv PLC issued $300 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.40% senior unsecured notes due 2046 (the “2016 Senior Notes”) in a transaction registered under the Securities Act. The 2016 Senior Notes were priced at 99.454% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 4.433%. The proceeds, together with proceeds from the 2016 Euro-denominated Senior Notes, were utilized to redeem $800 million of 5.00% senior unsecured notes due 2023. Aptiv incurred approximately $3 million of issuance costs in connection with the 2016 Senior Notes. Interest is payable semi-annually on April 1 and October 1 of each year to holders of record at the close of business on March 15 or September 15 immediately preceding the interest payment date.

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On March 14, 2019, Aptiv PLC issued $650 million in aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes in a transaction registered under the Securities Act, comprised of $300 million of 4.35% senior unsecured notes due 2029 (the “4.35% Senior Notes”) and $350 million of 5.40% senior unsecured notes due 2049 (the “5.40% Senior Notes”) (collectively, the “2019 Senior Notes”). The 4.35% Senior Notes were priced at 99.879% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 4.365%, and the 5.40% Senior Notes were priced at 99.558% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 5.430%. The proceeds were utilized to redeem $650 million of 3.15% senior unsecured notes due 2020. Aptiv incurred approximately $7 million of issuance costs in connection with the 2019 Senior Notes. Interest on the 2019 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually on March 15 and September 15 of each year to holders of record at the close of business on March 1 or September 1 immediately preceding the interest payment date.
On November 23, 2021, Aptiv PLC issued $1.5 billion in aggregate principal amount of 3.10% senior unsecured notes due 2051 (the “2021 Senior Notes”) in a transaction registered under the Securities Act. The 2021 Senior Notes were priced at 97.814% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 3.214%. Aptiv incurred approximately $17 million of issuance costs in connection with the 2021 Senior Notes. Interest on the 2021 Senior Notes is payable semi-annually on June 1 and December 1 of each year (commencing on June 1, 2022) to holders of record at the close of business on May 15 or November 15 immediately preceding the interest payment date. On December 27, 2021, Aptiv PLC entered into a supplemental indenture to add AGFL as a joint and several co-issuer of the 2021 Senior Notes effective as of the date of issuance. The proceeds from the 2021 Senior Notes were primarily utilized to redeem $700 million of 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2024 and $650 million of 4.25% senior unsecured notes due 2026.
On February 18, 2022, Aptiv PLC and Aptiv Corporation (together, the “Issuers”) issued $2.5 billion in aggregate principal amount of senior unsecured notes in a transaction registered under the Securities Act, comprised of $700 million of 2.396% senior unsecured notes due 2025 (the “2.396% Senior Notes”), $800 million of 3.25% senior unsecured notes due 2032 (the “3.25% Senior Notes”) and $1.0 billion of 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2052 (the “4.15% Senior Notes”) (collectively, the “2022 Senior Notes”). The 2022 Senior Notes are guaranteed by AGFL. The 2.396% Senior Notes were priced at 100% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 2.396%; the 3.25% Senior Notes were priced at 99.600% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 3.297%; and the 4.15% Senior Notes were priced at 99.783% of par, resulting in a yield to maturity of 4.163%. On or after February 18, 2023, the 2.396% Senior Notes may be optionally redeemed at a price equal to their principal amount plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon. The proceeds from the 2022 Senior Notes were utilized to fund a portion of the cash consideration payable in connection with the acquisition of Wind River.
Aptiv incurred approximately $22 million of issuance costs in connection with the 2022 Senior Notes. Interest on the 2.396% Senior Notes, 3.25% Senior Notes and 4.15% Senior Notes is payable semi-annually on February 18 and August 18 (commencing August 18, 2022), March 1 and September 1 (commencing September 1, 2022) and May 1 and November 1 (commencing May 1, 2022), respectively, of each year to holders of record at the close of business on February 3 or August 3, February 15 or August 15, April 15 or October 15, respectively, immediately preceding the interest payment date.
Although the specific terms of each indenture governing each series of senior notes vary, the indentures contain certain restrictive covenants, including with respect to Aptiv’s (and Aptiv’s subsidiaries’) ability to incur liens, enter into sale and leaseback transactions and merge with or into other entities. In February 2022, Aptiv Corporation and AGFL were added as guarantors on each series of outstanding senior notes previously issued by Aptiv PLC. The guarantees rank equally in right of payment with all of the guarantors’ existing and future senior indebtedness, are effectively subordinated to any of their existing and future secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such indebtedness and are structurally subordinated to the indebtedness of each of their existing and future subsidiaries that is not a guarantor. As of March 31, 2024, the Company was in compliance with the provisions of all series of the outstanding senior notes.
Other Financing
Receivable factoring—Aptiv maintains a €450 million European accounts receivable factoring facility that is available on a committed basis and allows for factoring of receivables denominated in both Euros and U.S. dollars (“USD”). This facility is accounted for as short-term debt and borrowings are subject to the availability of eligible accounts receivable. Collateral is not required related to these trade accounts receivable. This facility became effective on January 1, 2021 and had an initial term of three years, and was renewed for an additional three year term, effective November 2023, subject to Aptiv’s right to terminate at any time with three months’ notice. After expiration of the new three-year term, either party can terminate with three months’ notice. Borrowings denominated in Euros under the facility bear interest at the three-month Euro Interbank Offered Rate (“EURIBOR”) plus 0.50% and USD borrowings bear interest at two-month SOFR plus 0.50%, with borrowings under either denomination carrying a minimum interest rate of 0.20%. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, Aptiv had no amounts outstanding under the European accounts receivable factoring facility.
Finance leases and other—As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, approximately $40 million and $21 million, respectively, of other debt primarily issued by certain non-U.S. subsidiaries and finance lease obligations were outstanding.

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Interest—Cash paid for interest related to debt outstanding totaled $62 million and $65 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Letter of credit facilities—In addition to the letters of credit issued under the Credit Agreement, Aptiv had approximately $4 million outstanding through other letter of credit facilities as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, primarily to support arrangements and other obligations at certain of its subsidiaries.

9. PENSION BENEFITS
Certain of Aptiv’s non-U.S. subsidiaries sponsor defined benefit pension plans, which generally provide benefits based on negotiated amounts for each year of service. Aptiv’s primary non-U.S. plans are located in France, Germany, Mexico, Portugal and the United Kingdom (“U.K.”). The U.K. and certain Mexican plans are funded. In addition, Aptiv has defined benefit plans in South Korea, Turkey and Italy for which amounts are payable to employees immediately upon separation. The obligations for these plans are recorded over the requisite service period.
Aptiv sponsors a Supplemental Executive Retirement Program (“SERP”) for those employees who were U.S. executives of the former Delphi Corporation prior to September 30, 2008 and were still U.S. executives of the Company on October 7, 2009, the effective date of the program. This program is unfunded. Executives receive benefits over five years after an involuntary or voluntary separation from Aptiv. The SERP is closed to new members.
The amounts shown below reflect the defined benefit pension expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023:
 Non-U.S. PlansU.S. Plans
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 2024202320242023
 (in millions)
Service cost$6 $4 $ $ 
Interest cost11 10   
Expected return on plan assets(5)(4)  
Amortization of actuarial losses 1   
Net periodic benefit cost$12 $11 $ $ 
Other postretirement benefit obligations were approximately $1 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023.

10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Ordinary Business Litigation
Aptiv is from time to time subject to various legal actions and claims incidental to its business, including those arising out of alleged defects, alleged breaches of contracts, product warranties, intellectual property matters, and employment-related matters. It is the opinion of Aptiv that the outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse impact on the consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows of Aptiv. With respect to warranty matters, although Aptiv cannot ensure that the future costs of warranty claims by customers will not be material, Aptiv believes its established reserves are adequate to cover potential warranty settlements.
Matters Related to Global Supply Chain Disruptions
Due to various factors that are beyond our control, there have been global supply chain disruptions at times during recent years, including a worldwide semiconductor supply shortage. The semiconductor supply shortage impacted production in automotive and other industries. We, along with most automotive component manufacturers that use semiconductors, have suffered interruptions in our production and were unable to fully meet the vehicle production demands of original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) at times over the last several years because of events which are outside our control, including but not limited to, the COVID-19 pandemic, the global semiconductor shortage, fires in our suppliers’ facilities, unprecedented weather events and other extraordinary events. Although we work closely with suppliers and customers to minimize any supply disruptions, some of our customers have indicated that they expect us to bear at least some responsibility for their lost production and other costs. While no assurances can be made as to the ultimate outcome of these customer expectations or any other future claims, we do not currently believe a loss is probable, and accordingly, no reserve has been made as of March 31,

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2024. We will continue to actively monitor our global supply chain and will seek to aggressively mitigate and minimize the impact of any future disruptions on our business.
Environmental Matters
Aptiv is subject to the requirements of U.S. federal, state, local and non-U.S. environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the undiscounted reserve for environmental investigation and remediation recorded in other liabilities was approximately $4 million and $4 million, respectively. Aptiv cannot ensure that environmental requirements will not change or become more stringent over time or that its eventual environmental remediation costs and liabilities will not exceed the amount of its current reserves. In the event that such liabilities were to significantly exceed the amounts recorded, Aptiv’s results of operations could be materially affected. At March 31, 2024, the difference between the recorded liabilities and the reasonably possible range of potential loss was not material.

11. INCOME TAXES
At the end of each interim period, the Company makes its best estimate of the annual expected effective income tax rate and applies that rate to its ordinary year-to-date earnings or loss. The income tax provision or benefit related to unusual or infrequent items, if applicable, that will be separately reported or reported net of their related tax effects are individually computed and recognized in the interim period in which those items occur. In addition, the effect of changes in enacted tax laws or rates, tax status, judgment on the realizability of a beginning-of-the-year deferred tax asset in future years or income tax contingencies is recognized in the interim period in which the change occurs.
The computation of the annual expected effective income tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, the expected pre-tax income (or loss) for the year, projections of the proportion of income (and/or loss) earned and taxed in respective jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences, and the likelihood of the realizability of deferred tax assets generated in the current year. Global economic conditions and geopolitical factors are difficult to predict and may cause fluctuations in our expected results of operations for the year, which could create volatility in our annual expected effective income tax rate. Jurisdictions with a projected loss for the year or a year-to-date loss for which no tax benefit or expense can be recognized due to a valuation allowance are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate. The impact of such an exclusion could result in a higher or lower effective tax rate during a particular quarter, based upon the composition and timing of actual earnings compared to annual projections. The estimates used to compute the provision or benefit for income taxes may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained or as our tax environment changes. To the extent that the expected annual effective income tax rate changes, the effect of the change on prior interim periods is included in the income tax provision in the period in which the change in estimate occurs.
The Company’s income tax expense and effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (dollars in millions)
Income tax expense$76 $34 
Effective tax rate21 %12 %
The Company’s tax rate is affected by the tax rates in Ireland and other jurisdictions in which the Company operates, the relative amount of income earned by jurisdiction and the relative amount of losses or income for which no tax benefit or expense was recognized due to a valuation allowance. The Company’s effective tax rate is also impacted by the receipt of certain tax incentives and holidays that reduce the effective tax rate for certain subsidiaries below the statutory rate.
The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 includes net discrete tax expense of approximately $7 million, primarily related to changes in the tax benefits of vested share-based compensation and changes in accruals for unremitted earnings. The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2023 includes net discrete tax benefits of approximately $3 million, primarily related to changes in reserves.
Aptiv PLC is an Irish resident taxpayer and not a domestic corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. As such, it is not subject to U.S. tax on remitted foreign earnings and, as a result of its capital structure, is also generally not subject to Irish tax on the repatriation of foreign earnings.
Cash paid or withheld for income taxes was $67 million and $52 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

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On December 15, 2022, the European Union (the “E.U.”) Member States formally adopted the Pillar Two Framework (the “Framework”), which generally provides for a minimum effective tax rate of 15%, as established by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (the “OECD”). Many countries have enacted legislation consistent with the Framework effective at the beginning of 2024. The OECD continues to release additional guidance on these rules. The Company has proactively responded to these tax policy changes, as described below, and will continue to closely monitor developments. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 includes an unfavorable impact from the enacted Framework.
Intellectual Property Transfer
In response to the Framework, the Company initiated changes to its corporate entity structure, including intercompany transfers of certain intellectual property to one of its subsidiaries in Switzerland, during the second half of 2023. Furthermore, during the third quarter of 2023, the Company’s Swiss subsidiary was granted a ten year tax incentive, beginning in 2024. The measurement of certain deferred tax assets and associated income tax benefits resulting from these transactions was impacted by tax legislation in Switzerland enacted in the fourth quarter of 2023, which increased the statutory income tax rate, resulting in additional deferred tax benefit impacts, net of valuation allowances. During the second half of 2023, the total income tax benefit recorded as a result of the intercompany transfers of intellectual property, all as described above, combined with other related additional tax expense as a result of the transactions, was approximately $2,080 million.

12. SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND NET INCOME PER SHARE
Conversion of the MCPS
On June 15, 2023, (the “Mandatory Conversion Date”), each outstanding share of the Company’s 5.50% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Shares, Series A, $0.01 par value per share (the “MCPS”) converted into 1.0754 ordinary shares of the Company. In aggregate, the MCPS converted into approximately 12.37 million ordinary shares of the company, pursuant to the Statement of Rights governing the MCPS. The number of the Company’s ordinary shares issued upon conversion was determined based on the volume-weighted average price per share of the Company’s ordinary shares over the 20 consecutive trading day period beginning on, and including, the 21st scheduled trading day immediately before the Mandatory Conversion Date.
Prior to their conversion, holders of the MCPS were entitled to receive, when and if declared by the Company’s Board of Directors, cumulative dividends at the annual rate of 5.50% of the liquidation preference of $100 per share (equivalent to $5.50 annually per share), payable in cash or, subject to certain limitations, by delivery of the Company’s ordinary shares or any combination of cash and the Company’s ordinary shares, at the Company’s election. Dividends on the MCPS were payable quarterly on March 15, June 15, September 15 and December 15 of each year (commencing on September 15, 2020 to, and including June 15, 2023), to the holders of record of the MCPS as they appear on the Company’s share register at the close of business on the immediately preceding March 1, June 1, September 1 and December 1, respectively.
Net Income Per Share
Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share reflects the weighted average dilutive impact of all potentially dilutive securities from the date of issuance and is computed using the treasury stock and if-converted methods. Prior to the conversion of the MCPS into ordinary shares in June 2023, the if-converted method was used to determine if the impact of the conversion of the MCPS into ordinary shares was more dilutive than the MCPS dividends to net income per share. If so, the MCPS were assumed to have been converted at the later of the beginning of the period or the time of issuance, and the resulting ordinary shares were included in the denominator and the MCPS dividends were added back to the numerator. Unless otherwise noted, share and per share amounts included in these notes are on a diluted basis. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, the impact of the MCPS calculated under the if-converted method was anti-dilutive, and as such 12.37 million ordinary shares underlying the MCPS were excluded from the diluted net income per share calculation. For all periods presented, the calculation of net income per share also contemplates the dilutive impacts, if any, of the Company’s share-based compensation plans. Refer to Note 18. Share-Based Compensation for additional information.

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Weighted Average Shares
The following table illustrates net income per share attributable to ordinary shareholders and the weighted average shares outstanding used in calculating basic and diluted income per share:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (in millions, except per share data)
Numerator:
Net income attributable to ordinary shareholders$218 $146 
Denominator:
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding, basic275.19 271.01 
Dilutive shares related to restricted stock units0.12 0.16 
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding, including dilutive shares275.31 271.17 
Net income per share attributable to ordinary shareholders:
Basic$0.79 $0.54 
Diluted$0.79 $0.54 
Share Repurchase Programs
In January 2019, the Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program of up to $2.0 billion of ordinary shares, which commenced in February 2023 following completion of the Company’s $1.5 billion April 2016 share repurchase program. This share repurchase program provides for share purchases in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, depending on share price, market conditions and other factors, as determined by the Company.
A summary of the ordinary shares repurchased during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 is as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Total number of shares repurchased7,347,410 603,741 
Average price paid per share$81.66 $115.45 
Total (in millions)$600 $70 
As of March 31, 2024, approximately $1,015 million of share repurchases remained available under the January 2019 share repurchase program. All previously repurchased shares were retired, and are reflected as a reduction of ordinary share capital for the par value of the shares, with the excess applied as reductions to additional paid-in-capital and retained earnings.
Preferred Dividends
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Board of Directors declared and paid a quarterly cash dividend of approximately $1.375 per MCPS for a total of $16 million.


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13. CHANGES IN ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Aptiv (net of tax) for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 are shown below:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(in millions)
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
Balance at beginning of period
$(761)$(790)
Aggregate adjustment for the period (1)
(68)15 
Balance at end of period(829)(775)
Gains (losses) on derivatives:
Balance at beginning of period
140 7 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications (net tax effect of $0 and $(7))
59 103 
Reclassification to income (nil net tax effect for all periods presented)
(44)(9)
Balance at end of period155 101 
Pension and postretirement plans:
Balance at beginning of period(24)(8)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications (nil net tax effect for all periods presented)
 (1)
Reclassification to income (nil net tax effect for all periods presented)
 1 
Balance at end of period(24)(8)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, end of period$(698)$(682)
(1)Includes gains of $24 million and losses of $17 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, related to non-derivative net investment hedges. Refer to Note 14. Derivatives and Hedging Activities for further description of these hedges.

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Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to income for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
Reclassification Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Details About Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ComponentsThree Months Ended March 31,Affected Line Item in the Statements of Operations
20242023
(in millions)
Gains (losses) on derivatives:
Commodity derivatives$(4)$(3)Cost of sales
Foreign currency derivatives48 12 Cost of sales
44 9 Income before income taxes
  Income tax expense
44 9 Net income
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
$44 $9 Net income attributable to Aptiv
Pension and postretirement plans:
Actuarial losses$ $(1)Other income (expense), net (1)
 (1)Income before income taxes
  Income tax expense
 (1)Net income
  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
$ $(1)Net income attributable to Aptiv
Total reclassifications for the period$44 $8 
(1)These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost (see Note 9. Pension Benefits for additional details).

14. DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
Cash Flow Hedges
Aptiv is exposed to market risk, such as fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices and changes in interest rates, which may result in cash flow risks. To manage the volatility relating to these exposures, Aptiv aggregates the exposures on a consolidated basis to take advantage of natural offsets. For exposures that are not offset within its operations, Aptiv enters into various derivative transactions pursuant to its risk management policies, which prohibit holding or issuing derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes, and designation of derivative instruments is performed on a transaction basis to support hedge accounting. The changes in fair value of these hedging instruments are offset in part or in whole by corresponding changes in the fair value or cash flows of the underlying exposures being hedged. Aptiv assesses the initial and ongoing effectiveness of its hedging relationships in accordance with its documented policy.

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As of March 31, 2024, the Company had the following outstanding notional amounts related to commodity and foreign currency forward and option contracts designated as cash flow hedges that were entered into to hedge forecasted exposures:
CommodityQuantity HedgedUnit of MeasureNotional Amount
(Approximate USD Equivalent)
 (in thousands)(in millions)
Copper115,961 pounds$455 
Foreign CurrencyQuantity HedgedUnit of MeasureNotional Amount
(Approximate USD Equivalent)
 (in millions)
Mexican Peso24,704 MXN$1,485 
Chinese Yuan Renminbi2,967 RMB$410 
Euro27 EUR$30 
Polish Zloty917 PLN$230 
Hungarian Forint26,814 HUF$75 
As of March 31, 2024, Aptiv has entered into derivative instruments to hedge cash flows extending out to June 2026.
Gains and losses on derivatives qualifying as cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated OCI, to the extent that hedges are effective, until the underlying transactions are recognized in earnings. Unrealized amounts in accumulated OCI will fluctuate based on changes in the fair value of hedge derivative contracts at each reporting period. Net gains on cash flow hedges included in accumulated OCI as of March 31, 2024 were $177 million (approximately $180 million, net of tax). Of this total, approximately $144 million of gains are expected to be included in cost of sales within the next 12 months and approximately $33 million of gains are expected to be included in cost of sales in subsequent periods. Cash flow hedges are discontinued when Aptiv determines it is no longer probable that the originally forecasted transactions will occur. Cash flows from derivatives used to manage commodity and foreign exchange risks designated as cash flow hedges are classified as operating activities within the consolidated statements of cash flows.
Net Investment Hedges
The Company is also exposed to the risk that adverse changes in foreign currency exchange rates could impact its net investment in non-U.S. subsidiaries. To manage this risk, the Company designates certain qualifying derivative and non-derivative instruments, including foreign currency forward contracts and foreign currency-denominated debt, as net investment hedges of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries. The gains or losses on instruments designated as net investment hedges are recognized within OCI to offset changes in the value of the net investment in these foreign currency-denominated operations. Gains and losses reported in accumulated OCI are reclassified to earnings only when the related currency translation adjustments are required to be reclassified, usually upon sale or liquidation of the investment. Cash flows from derivatives designated as net investment hedges are classified as investing activities within the consolidated statements of cash flows.
The Company has entered into a series of forward contracts, each of which have been designated as net investment hedges of the foreign currency exposure of the Company’s investments in certain Chinese Yuan Renminbi (“RMB”)-denominated subsidiaries. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the Company received less than $1 million and paid $1 million, respectively, at settlement related to these series of forward contracts which matured during the period. In March 2024, the Company entered into forward contracts with a total notional amount of 700 million RMB (approximately $100 million, using foreign currency rates on the trade date), which mature in September 2024. Refer to the tables below for details of the fair value recorded in the consolidated balance sheets and the effects recorded in the consolidated statements of operations and consolidated statements of comprehensive income related to these derivative instruments.
The Company has designated the €