Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Aquabounty Technologies
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$2.26 22 $49
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
8-K 2019-08-06 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-06-04 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-30 Earnings, Officers, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-19 Officers
8-K 2019-04-16 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-04 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-04 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-02 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-21 Officers
8-K 2019-03-19 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-19 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-18 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-14 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-08 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-28 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-24 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Rights, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-16 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-04 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-07 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-01 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-26 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-12 Enter Agreement, Other Events, Exhibits
BA Boeing 199,240
ADBE Adobe Systems 134,570
TROX Tronox 1,880
OFG OFG Bancorp 1,020
QTNA Quantenna Communications 933
JRSH Jerash 79
ATOS Atossa Genetics 24
RXR Northstar/RXR New York Metro Real Estate 0
TWOH Two Hands 0
PAYD Paid 0
AQB 2019-06-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 exhibit311-2019x06x30.htm
EX-31.2 exhibit312-2019x06x30.htm
EX-32.1 exhibit321-2019x06x30.htm

Aquabounty Technologies Earnings 2019-06-30

AQB 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 aqb10q-2019x06x30.htm 10-Q Document
 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-Q
[ X ] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019
or
[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _____________________ to _____________________
Commission File Number: 001-36426
 
AquaBounty Technologies, Inc.
(Exact name of the registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
04-3156167
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2 Mill & Main Place, Suite 395
Maynard, Massachusetts 01754
(978) 648-6000
(Address and telephone number of the registrant’s principal executive offices)
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
AQB
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
  Yes  þ    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
  Yes  þ    No  ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ☐
Accelerated filer  ☐
Non-accelerated filer  þ
Smaller reporting company  þ
 
 
 
Emerging growth company  þ
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
  Yes  ☐    No  þ
At August 5, 2019, the registrant had 21,605,322 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Common Shares”) outstanding.
 






PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.  Financial Statements
AquaBounty Technologies, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 
 
As of
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Assets
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
10,400,795

 
$
2,990,196

Certificate of deposit
 
12,866

 
12,361

Other receivables
 
109,896

 
115,982

Inventory
 
210,345

 
76,109

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
555,946

 
315,969

Total current assets
 
11,289,848

 
3,510,617

 
 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
24,621,309

 
23,716,768

Right of use assets, net
 
426,735

 

Definite-lived intangible assets, net
 
164,440

 
171,292

Indefinite-lived intangible assets
 
191,800

 
191,800

Other assets
 
80,583

 
80,583

Total assets
 
$
36,774,715

 
$
27,671,060

 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,977,030

 
$
824,900

Other current liabilities
 
68,432

 
20,423

Current debt
 
139,274

 
71,613

Total current liabilities
 
2,184,736

 
916,936

 
 
 
 
 
Long-term lease obligations
 
384,507

 

Long-term debt
 
4,487,004

 
3,519,821

Total liabilities
 
7,056,247

 
4,436,757

 
 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 


 


 
 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized;
 
 
 
 
21,598,555 (2018: 15,098,837) shares outstanding
 
21,598

 
15,099

Additional paid-in capital
 
155,803,946

 
142,707,957

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(401,846
)
 
(574,186
)
Accumulated deficit
 
(125,705,230
)
 
(118,914,567
)
Total stockholders’ equity
 
29,718,468

 
23,234,303

 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
36,774,715

 
$
27,671,060

See accompanying notes to these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

1



AquaBounty Technologies, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product revenues
 
$
42,486

 
$
47,898


$
140,371


$
66,995

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product costs
 
38,992

 
47,287

 
120,605

 
63,519

Sales and marketing
 
103,390

 
76,381

 
175,381

 
158,028

Research and development
 
813,449

 
880,822

 
1,476,930

 
1,858,639

General and administrative
 
3,106,374

 
1,827,991

 
5,142,868

 
3,214,864

Total costs and expenses
 
4,062,205

 
2,832,481

 
6,915,784

 
5,295,050

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating loss
 
(4,019,719
)
 
(2,784,583
)
 
(6,775,413
)
 
(5,228,055
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on disposal of equipment
 
8,548

 
10,585

 
8,548

 
11,745

Interest expense
 
(14,212
)
 
(5,283
)
 
(27,550
)
 
(10,685
)
Other income (expense), net
 
(1,348
)
 
(1,868
)
 
3,752

 
(3,941
)
Total other income (expense)
 
(7,012
)
 
3,434

 
(15,250
)
 
(2,881
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(4,026,731
)
 
$
(2,781,149
)
 
$
(6,790,663
)
 
$
(5,230,936
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation income (loss)
 
84,788

 
(85,811
)
 
172,340

 
(197,929
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
84,788

 
(85,811
)
 
172,340

 
(197,929
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive loss
 
$
(3,941,943
)
 
$
(2,866,960
)
 
$
(6,618,323
)
 
$
(5,428,865
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted net loss per share
 
$
(0.19
)
 
$
(0.22
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(0.42
)
Weighted average number of common shares -
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
basic and diluted
 
21,313,055

 
12,787,761

 
18,515,907

 
12,366,657

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

2



AquaBounty Technologies, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited)
 
 
Common stock issued and outstanding
 
Par value
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
Accumulated deficit
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
8,895,094

 
$
8,895

 
$
126,718,186

 
$
(213,884
)
 
$
(108,532,508
)
 
$
17,980,689

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,449,787
)
 
(2,449,787
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(112,118
)
 
 
 
(112,118
)
Issuance of common stock, net of expenses
 
3,692,307

 
3,692

 
10,612,356

 
 
 
 
 
10,616,048

Exercise of warrants for common stock
 
76,891

 
77

 
250,111

 
 
 
 
 
250,188

Share based compensation
 
11,151

 
11

 
48,534

 
 
 
 
 
48,545

Balance at March 31, 2018
 
12,675,443

 
$
12,675

 
$
137,629,187

 
$
(326,002
)
 
$
(110,982,295
)
 
$
26,333,565

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,781,149
)
 
(2,781,149
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(85,811
)
 
 
 
(85,811
)
Exercise of warrants for common stock
 
172,843

 
173

 
561,567

 
 
 
 
 
561,740

Share based compensation
 


 


 
71,544

 
 
 
 
 
71,544

Balance at June 30, 2018
 
12,848,286

 
$
12,848

 
$
138,262,298

 
$
(411,813
)
 
$
(113,763,444
)
 
$
24,099,889

 
 
Common stock issued and outstanding
 
Par value
 
Additional paid-in capital
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
Accumulated deficit
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
15,098,837

 
$
15,099

 
$
142,707,957

 
$
(574,186
)
 
$
(118,914,567
)
 
$
23,234,303

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,763,932
)
 
(2,763,932
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
87,552

 
 
 
87,552

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses
 
3,345,282

 
3345

 
6,606,310

 
 
 
 
 
6,609,655

Exercise of warrants for common stock
 
76,797

 
77

 
250,347

 
 
 
 
 
250,424

Share based compensation
 
176,561

 
176

 
138,322

 
 
 
 
 
138,498

Balance at March 31, 2019
 
18,697,477

 
$
18,697

 
$
149,702,936

 
$
(486,634
)
 
$
(121,678,499
)
 
$
27,556,500

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(4,026,731
)
 
(4,026,731
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
84,788

 
 
 
84,788

Issuance of common stock, net of expenses
 
2,901,078

 
2,901

 
5,782,792

 
 
 
 
 
5,785,693

Share based compensation
 


 


 
318,218

 
 
 
 
 
318,218

Balance at June 30, 2019
 
21,598,555

 
$
21,598

 
$
155,803,946

 
$
(401,846
)
 
$
(125,705,230
)
 
$
29,718,468

See accompanying notes to these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

3



AquaBounty Technologies, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 
$
(6,790,663
)
 
$
(5,230,936
)
Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash used in
 
 
 
 
operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
576,596

 
273,646

Share-based compensation
 
456,716

 
120,089

Gain on disposal of equipment
 
(8,548
)
 
(11,745
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Other receivables
 
10,454

 
77,782

Inventory
 
(134,137
)
 
88,656

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
(238,820
)
 
131,486

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
922,237

 
(783,356
)
Net cash used in operating activities
 
(5,206,165
)
 
(5,334,378
)
 
 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 
 
 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment
 
(925,617
)
 
(3,039,177
)
Proceeds on sale of equipment
 
8,548

 
21,745

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(917,069
)
 
(3,017,432
)
 
 
 
 
 
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of debt
 
900,767

 

Repayment of term debt
 
(27,837
)
 
(28,870
)
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock and warrants, net
 
12,395,348

 
10,616,048

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options and warrants, net
 
250,424

 
811,928

Net cash provided by financing activities
 
13,518,702

 
11,399,106

 
 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
15,131

 
(21,351
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
 
7,410,599

 
3,025,945

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
2,990,196

 
492,861

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of period
 
$
10,400,795

 
$
3,518,806

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information and
 
 
 
 
non-cash transactions:
 
 
 
 
Interest paid in cash
 
$
27,550

 
$
10,685

Property and equipment included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
422,808

 
$
330,136

Acquisition of equipment under debt arrangement
 
$

 
$
75,124

See accompanying notes to these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

4



AquaBounty Technologies, Inc.
Notes to the consolidated financial statements
For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (unaudited)
1. Nature of business and organization
AquaBounty Technologies, Inc. (the “Parent” and, together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”) was incorporated in December 1991 in the State of Delaware for the purpose of conducting research and development of the commercial viability of a group of proteins commonly known as antifreeze proteins. In 1996, the Parent obtained the exclusive licensing rights for a gene construct (transgene) used to create a breed of farm‑raised Atlantic salmon that exhibit growth rates that are substantially faster than traditional salmon.
In 2015, the Parent obtained approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) for the production, sale, and consumption of its AquAdvantage Salmon product in the United States.
In 2016, the Parent obtained approval from Health Canada for the sale and consumption of its AquAdvantage Salmon product in Canada. Previously, in 2013, the Parent obtained approval from Environment Canada for the production of the product.
AQUA Bounty Canada Inc. (the “Canadian Subsidiary”) was incorporated in January 1994 for the purpose of establishing a commercial biotechnology laboratory to conduct research and development programs related to the Parent’s technologies and to commercialize the Parent’s products in Canada.
AquaBounty Panama, S. de R.L. (the “Panama Subsidiary”) was incorporated in May 2008 in Panama for the purpose of conducting commercial trials of the Parent’s products. With the regulatory approval of the Company’s farms in Indiana and Rollo Bay, the site in Panama was no longer needed for commercial trials. Operations at the site ceased in May 2019.
AquaBounty Farms, Inc. (the “U.S. Subsidiary”) was incorporated in December 2014 in the State of Delaware for the purpose of conducting field trials and commercializing the Parent’s products in the United States.
AquaBounty Farms Indiana LLC (the “Indiana Subsidiary”), which is wholly owned by the U.S. Subsidiary, was formed in June 2017 in the State of Delaware for the purpose of operating its aquaculture facility in Albany, Indiana.
AquaBounty Brasil Participações Ltda. (the “Brazil Subsidiary”) was incorporated in May 2015 for the purpose of conducting field trials and commercializing the Parent’s products in Brazil.
2. Basis of presentation
The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of AquaBounty Technologies, Inc. and its wholly owned direct subsidiaries, AQUA Bounty Canada Inc.; AquaBounty Panama, S. de R.L.; AquaBounty Farms, Inc.; AquaBounty Farms Indiana LLC; and AquaBounty Brasil Participações Ltda. All inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) consistent with those applied in, and should be read in conjunction with, the Company’s audited financial statements and related footnotes for the year ended December 31, 2018. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position as of June 30, 2019, and its results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented and are not necessarily indicative of results for subsequent interim periods or for the full year. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements, as allowed by the relevant SEC rules and regulations; however, the Company believes that its disclosures are adequate to ensure that the information presented is not misleading.
Liquidity and Management’s Plan
In the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for December 31, 2018, management stated that there was substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern due to its limited capital resources, and the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm emphasized this matter in its report to the shareholders and the Board of Directors. At that time, management prepared a plan to mitigate this doubt, which was implemented during the current period.
At June 30, 2019, the Company’s cash balance totaled $10.4 million. We have evaluated our cash resources in view of our planned spending for ongoing operations, capital expenditures, and working capital for the next twelve months from the filing date and have determined that, while our current funds are sufficient for our cash requirements during that period, we anticipate the need to raise additional capital to fund our subsequent cash requirements and any additional projects. Accordingly, we plan to seek additional financing in the form of equity or debt, partnerships or other non-dilutive transactions to fund our cash requirements and any additional projects.

5



Management’s assessment is based primarily on its ability and past experience in managing expenditures in order to conserve the Company’s cash. Management has the ability to reduce expenditures and slow down or delay capital spending in order to ensure its cash will extend through the next twelve months.
Net loss per share
Basic and diluted net loss per share available to common stockholders has been calculated by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Basic net loss is based solely on the number of Common Shares outstanding during the period. Fully diluted net loss per share includes the number of shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of warrants and options with an exercise price less than the fair value of the common stock. Since the Company is reporting a net loss for all periods presented, all potential common shares are considered anti‑dilutive and are excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share.
Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2016‑02, “Leases,” which requires a lessee to recognize lease liabilities for the lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and right-of-use assets, representing the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, specified assets for the lease term. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. We adopted the ASU January 1, 2019, and, based on our current portfolio of leases, approximately $427 thousand and $445 thousand of lease assets and liabilities, respectively, are recognized on our balance sheet at June 30, 2019, primarily relating to real estate.
Management does not expect any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards to have a material effect on its results of operations or financial condition.
3. Risks and uncertainties
The Company is subject to risks and uncertainties common in the biotechnology and aquaculture industries. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: (i) results from current and planned product development studies and trials; (ii) decisions made by the FDA or similar regulatory bodies in other countries with respect to approval and commercial sale of any of the Company’s proposed products; (iii) the commercial acceptance of any products approved for sale and the Company’s ability to manufacture, distribute, and sell for a profit any products approved for sale; (iv) the Company’s ability to obtain the necessary patents and proprietary rights to effectively protect its technologies; and (v) the outcome of any collaborations or alliances entered into by the Company. In addition, as disclosed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” below, and in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which was filed on March 7, 2019, there are a number of other risks and uncertainties that may have a material effect on the operating results of our business and our financial condition.
Concentration of credit risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents and certificates of deposit. This risk is minimized by the Company’s policy of investing in financial instruments with short-term maturities issued by highly rated financial institutions. The Company’s cash balances may at times exceed insurance limitations. The Company holds cash balances in bank accounts located in Canada to fund its local operations. These amounts are subject to foreign currency exchange risk, which is mitigated by the Company’s policy to limit the balances held in these accounts. Balances in Canadian bank accounts totaled $192,946 at June 30, 2019.
4. Inventory
Major classifications of inventory are summarized as follows:
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Feed
 
$
92,964

 
$
24,288

Eggs
 
28,261

 

Packaging
 

 
8,913

Fish in process
 
89,120

 
42,908

Total inventory
 
$
210,345

 
$
76,109


6



5. Property, plant and equipment
Major classifications of property, plant and equipment are summarized as follows:
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Land
 
$
716,858

 
$
704,567

Building and improvements
 
9,722,264

 
9,244,737

Construction in process
 
6,966,164

 
6,091,265

Equipment
 
9,879,790

 
9,713,030

Office furniture and equipment
 
201,594

 
192,606

Vehicles
 
27,929

 
26,832

Total property and equipment
 
$
27,514,599

 
$
25,973,037

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
(2,893,290
)
 
(2,256,269
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
 
$
24,621,309

 
$
23,716,768

Included in construction in process is $6.6 million for construction costs incurred at our Rollo Bay farm site. An additional $685 thousand has been committed.
6. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities include the following:
 
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Accounts payable
 
$
1,095,940

 
$
366,917

Accrued compensation
 
557,302

 
223,481

Accrued professional fees and research costs
 
206,107

 
185,992

Accrued franchise and excise taxes
 
69,666

 
23,678

Accrued construction costs
 
40,615

 
13,716

Accrued other
 
7,400

 
11,116

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
$
1,977,030

 
$
824,900

7. Debt
The current material terms and conditions of debt outstanding are as follows:
Original loan amount
 
Interest
rate
 
Monthly
repayment
 
Maturity
date
 
June 30, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
ACOA AIF grant (C$2,871,919)
 
0%
 
Royalties
 
-
 
$
2,192,997

 
$
2,106,840

ACOA term loan (C$337,000)
 
0%
 
C$3,120
 
June 2026
 
197,772

 
203,735

ACOA term loan (C$500,000)
 
0%
 
C$4,630
 
November 2028
 
381,800

 

Kubota Canada Ltd. (C$95,961)
 
0%
 
C$1,142
 
January 2025
 
58,446

 
61,178

Finance PEI term loan (C$2,717,093)
 
4%
 
C$16,313
 
November 2023
 
1,795,263

 
1,219,681

Total debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,626,278

 
$
3,591,434

less: current portion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(139,274
)
 
(71,613
)
Long-term debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,487,004

 
$
3,519,821


7



Estimated principal payments remaining on loan debt are as follows:
Year
 
AIF
 
ACOA
 
FPEI
 
Kubota
 
Total
2019
 
$

 
$
14,295

 
$
39,059

 
$
5,234

 
$
58,588

2020
 

 
71,015

 
80,695

 
10,468

 
162,178

2021
 

 
71,015

 
83,988

 
10,468

 
165,471

2022
 

 
71,015

 
87,410

 
10,468

 
168,893

2023
 

 
71,015

 
1,504,111

 
10,468

 
1,585,594

Thereafter
 
2,192,997

 
281,217

 

 
11,340

 
2,485,554

Total
 
$
2,192,997

 
$
579,572

 
$
1,795,263

 
$
58,446

 
$
4,626,278

On March 7, 2019, the Canadian Subsidiary received C$500 thousand under a credit facility with the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (“ACOA”). The proceeds of the loan are to be used to partially finance the construction at the Rollo Bay site. The loan will be repaid over a term of nine years and has a zero percent interest rate.
In 2018, the Canadian Subsidiary obtained a new loan from Finance PEI (“FPEI”), which incorporated the existing loan and provides C$2.0 million ($1.5 million) of additional funds. As of December 31, 2018, C$1.0 million ($734 thousand) had been drawn down. On May 17, 2019, an additional C$700 thousand ($535 thousand) had been drawn down. The final C$300 thousand ($230 thousand) will be drawn down during the third quarter of 2019 and payments commenced in June 2019. The loan has an interest rate of 4% and is collateralized by a mortgage executed by the Canadian Subsidiary, which conveys a first security interest in all of its current and acquired assets. The loan is guaranteed by the Parent.
Other than these loans, there have been no material changes to the Company’s debt arrangements as disclosed in our annual report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
The Company recognized interest expense of $26,531 and $10,613 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, on its interest-bearing debt.
8. Leases
The Company leases certain facilities, property, and equipment under noncancelable operating leases. A determination is made if an arrangement is a lease at its inception, and leases with an initial term of twelve months or less are not recorded on the balance sheet.
The Company adopted FASB ASU 2016-02 for lease accounting on January 1, 2019 and recognized a lease liability of $532 thousand and a corresponding right-of-use asset of $512 thousand. Management calculated the lease liability based on the net present value of the remaining lease payments on the date of adoption using a weighted average discount rate of 8%. As most of the Company’s leases did not provide an implicit interest rate, management used an estimated incremental borrowing rate. The adoption did not result in any cumulative-effect adjustment to beginning retained earnings.
Lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise that option. For operating leases, expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
The Company has agreements with lease (e.g., minimum rent payments) and non-lease components (e.g., maintenance), which are generally accounted for separately. The Company has not elected the practical expedient to account for lease and non-lease components as one lease component.
Lease expense for the six months ended June 30, 2019, amounted to $99,946. The weighted average remaining lease term of the Company’s operating leases was 22.7 years as of June 30, 2019. Lease payments included in operating cash flows totaled $101,095 for the six months ended June 30, 2019.

8



The table below summarizes the Company’s lease obligations and remaining payments at June 30, 2019:
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2019
 
January 1, 2019
 
Lease Type
End Date
Remaining Years
Remaining Payments
Lease Liability
 
Remaining Payments
Lease Liability
Maynard Office Lease
Operating
Mar 2023
3.75
$
247,281

$
210,957

 
$
278,414

$
234,685

Panama Farm Lease
Operating
Apr 2019


 
60,000

59,013

Indiana Auto Lease
Operating
Feb 2021
1.67
8,420

7,757

 
10,842

9,897

Indiana Well Lease
Operating
Dec 2048
29.53
709,880

226,041

 
717,420

228,844

Total leases
 
 

$
965,581

$
444,755

 
$
1,066,676

$
532,439

Less: current portion
 
 
 
(83,896
)
(60,248
)
 
(142,780
)
(117,345
)
Long-term leases
 
 
 
$
881,685

$
384,507

 
$
923,896

$
415,094

Remaining payments under leases are as follows at June 30, 2019:
Year
 
Office
Auto
Well
Amount
2019
 
$
31,726

$
2,421

$
7,540

$
41,687

2020
 
64,637

4,842

15,532

85,011

2021
 
66,416

1,157

15,998

83,571

2022
 
67,602


16,478

84,080

2023
 
16,900


16,972

33,872

Thereafter
 


637,360

637,360

Total Lease Payments
 
$
247,281

$
8,420

$
709,880

$
965,581

9. Stockholders’ equity
Recent issuances
On March 21, 2019, the Company completed a public offering of 3,345,282 Common Shares. Net proceeds to the Company were $6.6 million after deducting discounts, fees, and expenses.
On April 5, 2019, the Company completed a public offering of 2,554,590 Common Shares. Net proceeds to the Company were $5.2 million after deducting discounts, fees, and expenses.
On April 17, 2019, the Company issued 346,488 Common Shares in conjunction with the overallotment exercise by the Company’s investment banker. Net proceeds to the Company were $696 thousand after deducting discounts, fees, and expenses.
Warrants
The following table summarizes information about outstanding warrants at June 30, 2019:
 
 
Number of
warrant shares
 
Weighted
average
exercise price
Outstanding at December 31, 2018
 
1,745,868

 

$3.25

Exercised
 
(76,797
)
 
3.25

Outstanding at June 30, 2019
 
1,669,071

 

$3.25

Exercisable at June 30, 2019
 
1,669,071

 

$3.25

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company issued 76,797 Common Shares at $3.25 per share in conjunction with the exercise of warrants, with total proceeds of $250 thousand.

9



Share-based compensation
Restricted stock
A summary of the Company’s shares of restricted stock as of June 30, 2019, is as follows:
 
 
Shares
 
Weighted
average grant
date fair value
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
8,867

 

$3.51

Granted
 
176,561

 
2.13

Vested
 
(83,640
)
 
2.20

Balance at June 30, 2019
 
101,788

 

$2.20

During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company expensed $184,316 and $13,664, respectively, related to the restricted stock awards. At June 30, 2019, the balance of unearned share-based compensation to be expensed in future periods related to the restricted stock awards is $223,017. The period over which the unearned share-based compensation is expected to be earned is approximately 2.8 years.
Stock options
The Company’s option activity is summarized as follows:
 
 
Number of
options
 
Weighted
average
exercise price
Outstanding at December 31, 2018
 
339,964

 

$7.09

Issued
 
278,500

 
2.21

Expired
 
(668
)
 
10.88

Outstanding at June 30, 2019
 
617,796

 

$4.88

Exercisable at June 30, 2019
 
420,959

 

$5.97

Unless otherwise indicated, options issued to employees, members of the Board of Directors, and non-employees are vested over one to three years and are exercisable for a term of ten years from the date of issuance.
The fair values of stock option grants to employees and members of the Board of Directors during 2019 were measured on the date of grant using Black-Scholes, with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
 
March 2019
 
April 2019
 
June 2019
Expected volatility
 
89%
 
94%
 
96%
Risk free interest rate
 
2.53%
 
2.28%
 
1.85%
Expected dividend yield
 
0%
 
0%
 
0%
Expected life (in years)
 
5
 
5
 
5
The weighted average fair value of stock options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2019, was $2.21.
The total intrinsic value of all options outstanding was $303,780 and $0 at June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, respectively. The total intrinsic value of exercisable options was $139,305 and $0 at June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, respectively.
The following table summarizes information about options outstanding and exercisable at June 30, 2019:
Weighted average exercise price of outstanding options
 
Number of options outstanding
 
Weighted average remaining estimated life (in years)
 
Number of options exercisable
 
Weighted average exercise price of outstanding and exercisable options
$2.50 - $5.70
 
482,367

 
7.9
 
291,229

 
 
$6.90 - $9.60
 
52,841

 
3.2
 
52,841

 
 
$10.50 - $10.80
 
4,000

 
4.6
 
4,000

 
 
$14.20 - $23.40
 
78,588

 
6.7
 
72,889

 
 
 
 
617,796

 
 
 
420,959

 
$5.97

10



Total share-based compensation on stock options amounted to $272,401 and $106,425 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At June 30, 2019, the balance of unearned share-based compensation to be expensed in future periods related to unvested share-based awards was $331,829. The period over which the unearned share-based compensation is expected to be earned is approximately 1.0 years.
During the period ended June 30, 2019, the Company recognized share based compensation of $134,258 related to the accelerated vesting and exercisable term change for options to purchase an aggregate of 153,940 shares for the Company’s former CEO, who retired June 30, 2019. Each option granted was revalued as of June 30, 2019, using the following Black-Scholes values to determine the incremental charges for the option modification: expected volatility of 97%, risk free interest rate of 1.71% to 1.92%, expected dividend yield of 0.0%, and expected life of 1.5 to 5 years.
The following table summarizes the expense related to the options revalued at June 30, 2019:
 
 
Expense
Grant date
Number of options
Previous
Accelerated
Incremental
Total
1/11/2011
16,667
$
109,769

$

$
11,782

$
121,551

1/20/2014
6,667
120,712


7,621

128,333

2/27/2018
60,606
99,738


12,313

112,051

4/21/2017
20,000
70,346

20,736

13,485

104,567

4/30/2019
50,000
13,453

67,047

1,274

81,774

 
153,940
$
414,018

$
87,783

$
46,475

$
548,276

10. Commitments and contingencies
The Company recognizes and discloses commitments when it enters into executed contractual obligations with other parties. The Company accrues contingent liabilities when it is probable that future expenditures will be made and such expenditures can be reasonably estimated.
See Note 5 for commitments related to our renovation and construction costs.
There have been no other material changes to the commitments and contingencies disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K as of and for the year ended December 31, 2018.
11. Related Party Collaboration Agreement
In February 2013, the Company entered into an Exclusive Channel Collaboration agreement (“ECC”) with Intrexon pursuant to which the Company will use Intrexon’s UltraVector and other technology platforms to develop and commercialize additional bioengineered traits in finfish for human consumption.
Total Intrexon service costs incurred under the terms of this agreement for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, amounted to $15,734 and $136,041, respectively, and are included as a component of research and development expense in our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. For the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, service costs incurred amounted to $4,924 and $44,893, respectively. Included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities at June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, are amounts due to Intrexon under the ECC totaling $2,594 and $800, respectively.
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” should be read in conjunction with the unaudited financial information and the notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q and our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which was filed on March 7, 2019.
This discussion and analysis also contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and should be read in conjunction with the disclosures and information contained in “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018, and in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our actual results may differ materially from those discussed below. The following discussion and analysis is intended to enhance the reader’s understanding of our business environment. The forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q are made only as of the date hereof. We are not under any obligation to, and do not intend to, publicly update or review any of these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, even if experience or future events make it clear that any expected results expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements will not be realized.

11



Overview
We believe that we are a leader in the field of land-based aquaculture and the use of technology for improving its productivity and sustainability. Our lead product is the AquAdvantage Salmon, which received FDA approval in 2015 as the first bioengineered animal available for sale for human consumption. We have commenced commercial activities with operations in the United States and Canada where we have received regulatory approval.
Revenue
We generate product revenue primarily through the sales of our AquAdvantage Salmon. We also sell conventional Atlantic salmon, salmon eggs, fry, and byproducts. We expect that our sales will be modest and infrequent until our grow-out farms in Indiana and Rollo Bay are in full production, which is expected in mid-2020.
In the future, we believe that our revenue will depend upon the number of countries in which we have received regulatory approval for the sale of our products, the number and capacity of grow-out farms we have in operation, and the market acceptance we achieve.
Cost of Products
Cost of products includes the labor and related costs to grow out our fish, including feed, oxygen, and other direct costs; an application of overhead; and the cost to process and ship our products to customers. As of June 30, 2019, we had 21 employees engaged in production activities.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Our sales and marketing expenses currently include personnel costs, travel, and consulting fees for market-related activities. As of June 30, 2019, we had two employees dedicated to sales and marketing.
Research and Development Expenses
As of June 30, 2019, we employed twenty-eight scientists and technicians at our facilities on Prince Edward Island to oversee our broodstock of AquAdvantage Salmon, as well as the lines of fish we maintain for research and development purposes. We recognize research and development expenses as they are incurred. Our research and development expenses consist primarily of:
salaries and related overhead expenses for personnel in research, development functions, and brood-stock husbandry;
fees paid to contract research organizations, Intrexon, and consultants who perform research for us;
costs related to laboratory supplies used in our research and development efforts; and
costs related to the operation of our field trials.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related costs for employees in executive, corporate, and finance functions. Other significant general and administrative expenses include corporate governance and public market maintenance, regulatory compliance, rent and utilities, insurance, and legal services, along with pre-production and capacity utilization costs for our Rollo Bay and Indiana farms, respectively. We had eleven employees in our general and administrative group at June 30, 2019.
Other Income (Expense)
Interest expense includes the interest on our outstanding loans. Other income (expense) includes bank charges, fees, gain on disposal of equipment, and interest income.

12



Results of Operations
Comparison of the three months ended June 30, 2019, to the three months ended June 30, 2018.
The following table summarizes our results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, together with the changes in those items in dollars and as a percentage (all dollar amounts in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Dollar
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Product revenue
 
$
42

 
$
48

 
$
(6
)
 
(13
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product costs
 
39

 
47

 
(8
)
 
(17
)%
Sales and marketing
 
103

 
76

 
27

 
36
 %
Research and development
 
814

 
881

 
(67
)
 
(8
)%
General and administrative
 
3,106

 
1,828

 
1,278

 
70
 %
Operating loss
 
4,020

 
2,784

 
1,236

 
44
 %
Total other (income) expense
 
7

 
(3
)
 
10

 
(333
)%
Net loss
 
$
4,027

 
$
2,781

 
$
1,246

 
45
 %
Product Revenue and Product Cost
Product revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2019, consisted primarily of sales of AquAdvantage Salmon and conventional Atlantic salmon and byproducts. We expect that our sales will be modest and infrequent until our grow-out farms in Indiana and Rollo Bay commence harvesting in mid-2020.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Sales and marketing expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019, were up from the corresponding period in 2018 due to increased personnel and consulting expenses, offset by lower travel costs. We expect that our sales and marketing expenses will increase as we increase our production at our farm sites.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019, were down from the corresponding period in 2018 due to lower outside contract service and field trial costs, offset by increased personnel. We expect that our research and development expenses will increase as we expand our broodstock capacity and continue to pursue regulatory approval for additional products and additional markets.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2019, were up significantly from the corresponding period in 2018 due to increases in personnel costs, stock compensation charges related to the hiring of our new CEO and the retirement of our previous CEO, regulatory legal fees, travel costs, and excess capacity charges at the Indiana farm as it continues its start-up.
Total Other (Income) Expense
Total other (income) expense is comprised of interest on debt, bank charges, a gain on disposal of equipment, and interest income for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018.

13



Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2019, to the six months ended June 30, 2018.
The following table summarizes our results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, together with the changes in those items in dollars and as a percentage (all dollar amounts in thousands):
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
Dollar
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
Product revenue
 
$
140

 
$
67

 
$
73

 
109
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Product costs
 
121

 
64

 
57

 
89
 %
Sales and marketing
 
175

 
158

 
17

 
11
 %
Research and development
 
1,477

 
1,859

 
(382
)
 
(21
)%
General and administrative
 
5,143

 
3,214

 
1,929

 
60
 %
Operating loss
 
6,776

 
5,228

 
1,548

 
30
 %
Total other (income) expense
 
15

 
3

 
12

 
400
 %
Net loss
 
$
6,791

 
$
5,231

 
$
1,560

 
30
 %
Product Revenue and Product Cost
Product revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2019, consisted primarily of sales of AquAdvantage Salmon and conventional Atlantic salmon eggs and byproducts. We expect that our sales will be modest and infrequent until our grow-out farms in Indiana and Rollo Bay commence harvesting in mid-2020.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Sales and marketing expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019, were up from the corresponding period in 2018 due to increased personnel and consulting expenses, offset by lower travel costs. We expect that our sales and marketing expenses will increase as we increase our production at our farm sites.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019, were down from the corresponding period in 2018 due to lower outside contract service and field trial costs, offset by increased personnel costs. We expect that our research and development expenses will increase as we expand our broodstock capacity and continue to pursue regulatory approval for additional products and additional markets.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2019, were up significantly from the corresponding period in 2018 due to increases in personnel costs, stock compensation charges related to the hiring of our new CEO and the retirement of our previous CEO, regulatory legal fees, travel costs, and excess capacity charges at the Indiana farm as it continues its start-up.
Total Other (Income) Expense
Total other (income) expense is comprised of interest on debt, bank charges, and interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2019. Total other (income) expense is comprised of interest on debt, bank charges, a gain on disposal of equipment, and interest income for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

14



Cash Flows
The following table sets forth the significant sources and uses of cash for the periods set forth below (in thousands):
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
(unaudited)
Net cash provided by (used in):
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
(5,206
)
 
$
(5,334
)
Investing activities
(917
)
 
(3,018
)
Financing activities
13,519

 
11,399

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
15

 
(21
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash
$
7,411

 
$
3,026

Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net cash used in operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2019, was primarily comprised of our $6.8 million net loss, offset by non-cash depreciation and stock compensation charges of $1.0 million, and by working capital sources of $560 thousand. Net cash used in operating activities during the six months ended June 30, 2018, was primarily comprised of our $5.2 million net loss, offset by non-cash depreciation and stock compensation charges of $382 thousand, and increased by working capital uses of $485 thousand.
Spending on operations increased during the current period due to headcount additions; legal, tax, and travel cost increases; and production activities at our Rollo Bay and Indiana farm sites. The increase in cash provided by working capital in the current period was due primarily to an increase in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and a decrease in receivables, offset by an increase in inventory and prepaid items.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we used $926 thousand for renovations to our Indiana farm site and for construction charges at our Rollo Bay site, offset by $9 thousand in proceeds from the sale of equipment. During the same period in 2018, we used $3.0 million for renovations to our Indiana farm site and for construction charges at our Rollo Bay site, offset by $22 thousand in proceeds from the sale of equipment.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we received approximately $12.4 million in net proceeds from the issuance of Common Shares in a public offering and $250 thousand from the exercise of warrants. In addition, we received $901 thousand in proceeds from issuance of debt. This was offset by $28 thousand in the repayment of debt. During the same period in 2018, we received approximately $10.6 million in net proceeds from the issuance of Common Shares and warrants in a public offering and $812 thousand from the exercise of warrants. This was offset by $29 thousand in the repayment of debt.
Future Capital Requirements
In the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for December 31, 2018, management stated that there was substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern due to its limited capital resources, and the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm emphasized this matter in its report to the shareholders and the Board of Directors. At that time, management prepared a plan to mitigate this doubt, which was implemented during the current period.
Through public offerings of our Common Shares on March 21, 2019, April 5, 2019, and April 17, 2019, the exercise of warrants to purchase our Common Shares, and draw-downs from debt funding sources, we have received net proceeds of $13.5 million from debt and equity sources since December 31, 2018. As of June 30, 2019, we had a cash balance of $10.4 million. We intend to devote a significant portion of our current cash balance to fund working capital costs associated with growing the first batches of fish at our Indiana and Rollo Bay farm sites and other general corporate purposes. We have evaluated our cash resources in view of our planned spending for ongoing operations, capital expenditures, and working capital for the next twelve months from the filing date and have determined that, while our current funds are sufficient for our cash requirements during that period, we anticipate the need to raise additional capital to fund our subsequent cash requirements and any additional projects. Accordingly, we plan to seek additional financing in the form of equity or debt, partnerships or other non-dilutive transactions to fund our cash requirements and any additional projects.
We have based our estimates on assumptions that may prove to be wrong, and we may use our available capital resources sooner than we currently expect. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including:
the timing of additional regulatory approvals and permits for AquAdvantage Salmon, if any;

15



the cost to complete construction activities at our Rollo Bay site;
the cost to raise fish at our Indiana and Rollo Bay sites; and
the timing of costs related to the FDA legal challenge (see “Legal Proceedings,” below).
Until such time, if ever, as we can generate positive operating cash flows, we may finance our cash needs through a combination of equity offerings, debt financings, government or other third-party funding, strategic alliances, and licensing arrangements. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity or convertible debt securities, the ownership interests of holders of our common stock will be diluted, and the terms of these securities may include liquidation or other preferences that adversely affect the rights of holders of our common stock. Debt financing, if available, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, making capital expenditures, or declaring dividends. If we raise additional funds through government or other third-party funding; marketing and distribution arrangements; or other collaborations, strategic alliances, or licensing arrangements with third parties, we may have to relinquish valuable rights to our technologies, future revenue streams, research programs, or product candidates or to grant licenses on terms that may not be favorable to us.
Management’s assessment is based primarily on its ability and past experience in managing expenditures in order to conserve the Company’s cash. Management has the ability to reduce expenditures and slow down or delay capital spending in order to ensure its cash will extend through the next twelve months.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations is based on our consolidated financial statements, which we have prepared in accordance with GAAP. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, as well as the reported revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. We evaluate these estimates and judgments on an ongoing basis. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Our actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
The following sections provide quantitative information on our exposure to interest rate risk and foreign currency exchange risk. We make use of sensitivity analyses, which are inherently limited in estimating actual losses in fair value that can occur from changes in market conditions.
Interest Rate Risk
Our primary exposure to market risk is interest rate risk associated with debt financing that we utilize from time to time to fund operations or specific projects. The interest on this debt is usually determined based on a fixed rate and is contractually set in advance. At June 30, 2019, and December 31, 2018, we had $1.8 million and $1.2 million, respectively, in interest-bearing debt instruments on our consolidated balance sheet. All of our interest-bearing debt is at fixed rates.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
Our functional currency is the U.S. Dollar. The functional currency of our Canadian subsidiary is the Canadian Dollar, and the functional currency of our Panama, U.S., and Brazil subsidiaries is the U.S. Dollar. For the Canadian Subsidiary, assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date, equity accounts are translated at the historical exchange rate, and the income statement accounts are translated at the average rate for each period during the year. Net translation gains or losses are adjusted directly to a separate component of other comprehensive loss within shareholders’ equity (deficit).
Item 4.  Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a‑15(e) and 15d‑15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10‑Q. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the quarter ended June 30, 2019, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective in recording, processing, summarizing, and reporting, on a timely basis, information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act and are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the

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Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a‑15(g) and 15d‑15(f)) that occurred during the fiscal quarter covered by this report that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.  Legal Proceedings
Lawsuit Against the FDA Approval of NADA
On March 30, 2016, a coalition of non-governmental organizations filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against the FDA, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and related individuals for their roles in the approval of AquAdvantage Salmon. Subsequently, the Fish and Wildlife Service was dismissed from the case. The coalition, including the Center for Food Safety and Friends of the Earth, claims that the FDA had no statutory authority to regulate bioengineered animals, and, if it did, that the agency failed to analyze and implement measures to mitigate ecological, environmental, and socioeconomic risks that could impact wild salmon and the environment, including the risk that AquAdvantage Salmon could escape and threaten endangered wild salmon stocks. The discovery phase of litigation is now complete, and the case is moving forward on substantive briefing.
Other than as set forth above, we are not party to any legal proceedings the outcome of which, we believe, if determined adversely to us, would individually or in the aggregate have a material adverse effect on our future business, consolidated results of operations, cash flows, or financial position. We may, from time to time, be subject to legal proceedings and claims arising from the normal course of business activities.
Item 1A.  Risk Factors
As disclosed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018, which was filed on March 7, 2019, there are a number of risks and uncertainties that may have a material effect on the operating results of our business and our financial condition. The following risk factors are either new or have changed materially from those set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2018. You should carefully review the risks involved and those described in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K and in other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission in evaluating our business.
Risks Relating to our Business
We have a history of net losses and will likely incur future losses and may not achieve or maintain profitability.
Although we were established in 1991, we did not start to develop our current product portfolio until 1996. In the period since incorporation to June 30, 2019, we have incurred net losses of approximately $126 million. These losses reflect our personnel, research and development, and marketing costs. We have constructed a 250-metric-ton annual capacity production facility in Rollo Bay, and in 2017 we acquired a facility in Albany, Indiana, which has undergone renovations to increase its annual capacity to 1,200 metric tons. We expect more significant revenues in 2020 once our new facilities are in full production. However, our ability to realize revenues and the timing thereof are not certain, and achieving revenues does not assure that we will become profitable.
We will need substantial additional capital in the future in order to fund our business.
We do not expect significant sales until 2020, at the earliest, and to date we have not generated any profit and expect to incur losses for the foreseeable future and may never become profitable. Therefore, based on our current business plan, we anticipate a need to raise further funds. Any issuance of shares of our common stock could have an effect of depressing the market price of shares of our common stock through dilution of earnings per share or otherwise.
The amount and timing of the expenditures needed to achieve our development and commercialization programs will depend on numerous factors, some of which are outside our control. Changes in our plans could result in the need for additional funds. The primary factor impacting the amount and timing of any additional expenditure is the timing of the stocking of AquAdvantage Salmon in our two production facilities in Rollo Bay and Indiana. Until these two sites reach full capacity, we will have only modest revenues to cover net losses, which were $10.4 million and $9.3 million in 2018 and 2017, respectively.
While we await the completion of the first harvests from our two production facilities, we plan to evaluate additional commercialization alternatives for our product through the channels we determine to be most advantageous to the Company. Such efforts may involve engaging in partnerships or joint ventures or licensing the technology to salmon growers. If we elect to grow out the fish ourselves, we would need to invest in the construction or purchase of additional land-based recirculating aquaculture system facilities. These facilities have estimated construction costs of $17 million for each 1,000 metric tons of output.
Our ability to generate revenue to support our operations depends on obtaining additional regulatory approvals for AquAdvantage Salmon, the receipt of which is uncertain, and the maintenance of existing approvals.
As a bioengineered animal for human consumption, AquAdvantage Salmon required approval from the FDA in the United States and the Ministers of Health and Environment in Canada before it could be produced, sold, or consumed in those countries. Our FDA

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approval covers the production of our eggs in our hatchery in Canada and the grow-out of our eggs in our facilities in Albany and Rollo Bay. FDA approvals will be needed for each additional facility we plan to bring on line. Additionally, we will require local regulatory approvals in other countries in which we hope to operate. There is no guarantee that we will receive or be able to maintain regulatory approvals from the FDA or other regulatory bodies or that there will not be a significant delay before approval. There is also no guarantee that any approvals granted will not be subject to onerous obligations in relation to matters such as production or labeling, or that any regulator will not require additional data prior to approval, which may be costly and time-consuming to acquire.
We or regulatory agencies approving of our products may be sued by non-governmental organizations and others who are opposed to the development or commercialization of bioengineered products.
There are many organizations in the United States and elsewhere that are fundamentally opposed to the development of bioengineered products. These groups have a history of bringing legal action against companies attempting to bring new biotechnology products to market. On December 23, 2013, an application was filed by two NGOs with the Canadian Federal Court seeking judicial review to declare invalid the decision by the Canadian Minister of the Environment to publish in the Canadian Gazette a Significant New Activity Notice (“SNAN”) with respect to AquAdvantage Salmon. Though the Canadian Federal Court dismissed this challenge, the petitioners filed an appeal of the ruling, which was subsequently dismissed by the Canadian Federal Court of Appeal on October 21, 2016.
In the United States, a coalition of NGOs filed a complaint on March 30, 2016, against the FDA, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, and related individuals for their roles in the approval of AquAdvantage Salmon, claiming that the FDA had no statutory authority to regulate bioengineered animals, and, if it did, that the agency failed to analyze and implement measures to mitigate ecological, environmental, and socioeconomic risks that could impact wild salmon and the environment, including the risk that AquAdvantage Salmon could escape and threaten endangered wild salmon stocks. Among other things, the claimants are seeking a judgment that the FDA decision to approve AquAdvantage Salmon is not authorized by the FFDCA, that an injunction be issued requiring the FDA to withdraw its assertion of jurisdiction over bioengineered animals, that the FDA decision to approve AquAdvantage Salmon and its EA and FONSI determinations be declared in violation of the FFDCA, and that the decision to approve the AquAdvantage Salmon NADA be vacated.
Though we believe this legal action lacks merit, it is currently ongoing and may take considerable time to resolve, and plaintiffs may seek to have importation or sale of AquAdvantage Salmon in the United States put on hold until such resolution. We may be subject to future litigation brought by one or more of these organizations in their attempt to block the development or sale of our product. In addition, animal rights groups and various other organizations and individuals have attempted to stop bioengineering activities by pressing for legislation and additional regulation in these areas. To the extent the actions of these organizations are successful, commercialization of our product may be restricted, and our business may be adversely affected. Such actions, even if unsuccessful, may distract management from its operational priorities and may cause us to incur significant costs.
We may become subject to increasing regulation, changes in existing regulations, and review of existing regulatory decisions.
Regulations pertaining to bioengineered animals are still developing and could change from their present state. In addition, new legislation could require new regulatory frameworks, changes in existing regulation, or re-evaluation of prior regulatory decisions. For example, despite the FDA’s final determination that AquAdvantage Salmon may be sold without being labeled as a bioengineered product, a provision added to the 2016 Omnibus Appropriations Act required the FDA to issue final guidance for such labeling. The FDA was therefore obligated to maintain an Import Alert starting in January 2016 that prohibited import of AquAdvantage Salmon until such guidance was finalized or the provision was no longer effective. On March 8, 2019, several months after the USDA promulgated its final rule establishing a national standard for the labeling of bioengineered foods, including AquAdvantage Salmon, the FDA lifted the Import Alert. Similarly, in July 2017, a bill was introduced in the United States Senate that could have, had it become law, required labeling unique to, as well as re-examination of the environmental assessments used by the FDA in its 2015 approval of the NADA for, AquAdvantage Salmon. While this bill was reintroduced in January 2019 without the requirement for re-examination of those environmental assessments, any such legislatively imposed review of a completed regulatory process could result in new restrictions on, or delays in, commercialization of our product in the United States. We could be subject to increasing or more onerous regulatory hurdles as we attempt to commercialize our product, which could require us to incur significant additional capital and operating expenditures and other costs in complying with these laws and regulations. Our regulatory burdens could also increase if AquAdvantage Salmon are found, or believed, to grow to a larger final size than conventional Atlantic salmon.
If we lose key personnel, including key management personnel, or are unable to attract and retain additional personnel, it could delay our commercialization plans or harm our research and development efforts, and we may be unable to sell or develop our own products.
Our success depends substantially on the efforts and abilities or our officers and other key employees. The loss of any key members of our management, or the failure to attract or retain other key employees who possess the requisite expertise for the conduct of our business, could prevent us from developing and commercializing our products and executing on our business strategy. We may not be able to attract or retain qualified employees in the future due to the intense competition for qualified personnel among aquaculture, biotechnology, and other technology-based businesses, or due to the unavailability of personnel with the particular qualifications or

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experience necessary for our business. If we are not able to attract and retain the necessary personnel to accomplish our business objectives, we may experience staffing constraints that could adversely affect our ability to meet the demands of our customers in a timely fashion, adequately staff existing or new production facilities, or support our internal research and development programs. In particular, our production facilities require individuals experienced in RAS-based aquaculture, and our product development programs are dependent on our ability to attract and retain highly skilled scientists. Competition for experienced production staff, scientists, and other technical personnel from numerous companies and academic and other research institutions may limit our ability to attract and retain such personnel on acceptable terms.
Risks Relating to our Common Stock
Intrexon’s significant share ownership position allows it to influence corporate matters.
Based solely on a Schedule 13D/A filed on October 29, 2018, by Randal J. Kirk, Intrexon, and Third Security, LLC (“Third Security”), as of issuance, Intrexon owns 8,239,199 shares of our common stock, or approximately 38.1% of our outstanding shares. In addition, entities controlled by Randal J. Kirk, including Third Security and its affiliates other than Intrexon, currently hold 837,554 shares of our common stock, or approximately 3.9% of our outstanding shares. Based on these holdings, Randal J. Kirk, Intrexon’s Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and controlling shareholder, and Third Security’s Chief Executive Officer and Senior Managing Director, has reported control over approximately 42.0% of our outstanding shares. Given this, and our grant to Intrexon of certain rights to nominate members of our Board of Directors that are intended to ensure that Intrexon-nominated Board members represent a percentage of our Board that is proportionate to Intrexon’s percentage ownership of our common stock, Intrexon will be able to significantly influence who serves on our Board of Directors and the outcome of matters required to be submitted to our shareholders for approval, including decisions relating to the outcome of any proposed merger or consolidation of our company. Intrexon’s interests may not be consistent with those of our other shareholders. Furthermore, Intrexon’s significant interest in us may discourage third parties from seeking to acquire control of us, which may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5.  Other Information
None.

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Item 6. Exhibits
* Incorporated herein by reference as indicated.
† Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.


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Signatures
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
AQUABOUNTY TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 
 
 
August 6, 2019
 
/s/ Sylvia Wulf
 
 
Sylvia Wulf
 
 
President, Chief Executive Officer, and Director (Principal Executive Officer)
 
 
 
August 6, 2019
 
/s/ David A. Frank
 
 
David A. Frank
 
 
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

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