Company Quick10K Filing
AutoWeb
Price2.88 EPS-1
Shares13 P/E-2
MCap38 P/FCF-6
Net Debt-6 EBIT-17
TEV32 TEV/EBIT-2
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
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8-K 2018-02-15

AUTO 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. Financial Information
Part II. Other Information
EX-31.1 auto_ex311.htm
EX-31.2 auto_ex312.htm
EX-32.1 auto_ex321.htm

AutoWeb Earnings 2020-06-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
170136102683402012201420172020
Assets, Equity
4522-1-24-47-702012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
20100-10-20-302012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 auto_10q.htm QUARTERLY REPORT auto_10q
 
 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
Form 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from                  to                 
 
Commission file number 1-34761
 
 
 AutoWeb, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
33-0711569
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
 
400 North Ashley Drive, Suite 300
Tampa, Florida 33602
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (949) 225-4500
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
 
 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
AUTO
The Nasdaq Capital Market
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  
Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer  
Smaller reporting company  
 
Emerging growth company  
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes      No  
 
As of August 3, 2020, there were 13,146,831 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding.
 

 
 
 
 
INDEX
 
 
 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
6
 
 
 
 
16
 
 
 
 
21
 
 
 
 
21
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
22
 
 
 
 
24
 
 
 
 
25
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $5,210 
 $892 
Restricted cash
  3,300 
  5,054 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances for bad debts and customer credits of $638 and $740 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
  14,679 
  24,051 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  1,939 
  1,265 
Total current assets
  25,128 
  31,262 
Property and equipment, net
  3,026 
  3,349 
Right-of-use assets
  3,246 
  2,528 
Intangible assets, net
  5,537 
  7,104 
Other assets
  745 
  661 
Total assets
 $37,682 
 $44,904 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
    
    
Current liabilities:
    
    
Accounts payable
 $5,899 
 $14,080 
Borrowings under revolving credit facility
  7,181 
  3,745 
Current portion of the PPP Loan
  615 
   
Accrued employee-related benefits
  1,928 
  1,004 
Other accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  1,257 
  2,315 
Current portion of lease liabilities
  820 
  1,167 
Total current liabilities
  17,700 
  22,311 
PPP Loan
  769 
   
Lease liabilities, net of current portion
  2,524 
  1,497 
Total liabilities
  20,993 
  23,808 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
    
    
Stockholders’ equity:
    
    
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 11,445,187 shares authorized,
   
   
Series A Preferred Stock, 2,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019
    
    
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 55,000,000 shares authorized, and 13,146,831 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
  13 
  13 
Additional paid-in capital
  365,056 
  364,028 
Accumulated deficit
  (348,380)
  (342,945)
Total stockholders’ equity
  16,689 
  21,096 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 $37,682 
 $44,904 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
1
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
 (Amounts in thousands, except per-share data)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lead generation
 $14,263 
 $21,691 
 $32,723 
 $47,389 
Digital advertising
  2,756 
  5,432 
  8,768 
  11,310 
Other revenues
  14 
  19 
  14 
  47 
Total revenues
  17,033 
  27,142 
  41,505 
  58,746 
Cost of revenues
  10,993 
  21,758 
  30,108 
  47,605 
Gross profit
  6,040 
  5,384 
  11,397 
  11,141 
Operating expenses:
    
    
    
    
Sales and marketing
  2,026 
  2,956 
  4,158 
  5,834 
Technology support
  1,786 
  2,182 
  3,643 
  4,962 
General and administrative
  2,901 
  4,026 
  6,844 
  8,316 
Depreciation and amortization
  559 
  1,201 
  1,281 
  2,440 
Total operating expenses
  7,272 
  10,365 
  15,926 
  21,552 
 
    
    
    
    
Operating loss
  (1,232)
  (4,981)
  (4,529)
  (10,411)
Interest and other (expense) income:
    
    
    
    
Interest (expense) income:
  (204)
  (36)
  (1,036)
  (35)
Other income (expense)
  62 
  69 
  130 
  138 
Loss before income tax provision
  (1,374)
  (4,948)
  (5,435)
  (10,308)
Income tax provision
   
  5 
   
  5 
Net loss
 $(1,374)
 $(4,953)
 $(5,435)
 $(10,313)
 
    
    
    
    
Basic loss per common share
 $(0.10)
 $(0.38)
 $(0.41)
 $(0.79)
 
    
    
    
    
Diluted loss per common share
 $(0.10)
 $(0.38)
 $(0.41)
 $(0.79)
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
 
2
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
  
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Additional Paid-in-
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2019
  13,116,462 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $362,076 
 $(333,076)
 $29,013 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  560 
   
  560 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options
  57,036 
   
   
   
  101 
   
  101 
Cancellation of restricted stock
  (26,667)
   
   
   
   
   
   
Net loss
   
   
   
   
   
  (4,953) )
  (4,953)
Balance at June 30, 2019
  13,146,831 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $362,737 
 $(338,029) )
 $24,721 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Additional Paid-in-
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at March 31, 2020
  13,146,831 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $364,537 
 $(347,006)
 $17,544 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  519 
   
  519 
Net loss
   
   
   
   
   
  (1,374)
  (1,374)
Balance at June 30, 2020
  13,146,831 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $365,056 
 $(348,380)
 $16,689 
 
 
 
3
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY CONTINUED
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
  
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Additional Paid-in-
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
  12,960,450 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $361,218 
 $(327,716) )
 $33,515 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  1,111 
   
  1,111 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options
  213,048 
   
   
   
  408 
   
  408 
Cancellation of restricted stock
  (26,667)
   
   
   
   
   
   
Net loss
   
   
   
   
   
  (10,313) )
  (10,313)
Balance at June 30, 2019
  13,146,831 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $362,737 
 $(338,029) )
 $24,721 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
 
Additional Paid-in-
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Capital
 
 
Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2019
  13,146,831 
 $13 
   
 $ 
 $364,028 
 $(342,945)
 $21,096 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  1,028 
   
  1,028 
Net loss
   
   
   
   
   
  (5,435)
  (5,435)
Balance at June 30, 2020
  13,146,831 
 $13 
   
   
 $365,056 
 $(348,380)
 $16,689 
 
 
 
4
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
 $(5,435)
 $(10,313)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
    
    
Depreciation and amortization
  2,278 
  3,509 
Provision for bad debts
  94 
  122 
Provision for customer credits
  33 
  120 
Share-based compensation
  1,028 
  1,111 
Right-of-use assets
  767 
  924 
Lease liabilities
  (805)
  (924)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
    
    
Accounts receivable
  9,245 
  3,325 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  (674)
  (410)
Other assets
  (84)
  (303)
Accounts payable
  (8,181)
  (1,945)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  (135)
  (787)
Net cash used in operating activities
  (1,869)
  (5,571)
Cash flows from investing activities:
    
    
Purchases of property and equipment
  (388)
  (990)
Net cash used in investing activities
  (388)
  (990)
Cash flows from financing activities:
    
    
Borrowings under PNC credit facility
  28,564 
  16,940 
Principal payments on PNC credit facility
  (32,308)
  (16,940)
Borrowings under CNC credit facility
  33,201 
   
Principal payments on CNC credit facility
  (26,020)
   
Borrowings under PPP Note
  1,384 
   
Payments on convertible note
   
  (1,000)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
   
  408 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  4,821 
  (592)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
  2,564 
  (7,153)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
  5,946 
  13,600 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
 $8,510 
 $6,447 
 
    
    
Reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
    
    
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 $892 
 $13,600 
Restricted cash at beginning of period
  5,054 
   
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
 $5,946 
 $13,600 
 
    
    
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 $5,210 
 $1,431 
Restricted cash at end of period
  3,300 
  5,016 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
 $8,510 
 $6,447 
 
    
    
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
    
    
Cash paid for income taxes
 $ 
 $1 
Cash refunds for income taxes
  381 
  124 
Cash paid for interest
 $449 
 $40 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities:
    
    
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities
 $1,485 
 $ 
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
5
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
1. Organization and Operations
 
AutoWeb, Inc. (“AutoWeb” or the “Company”) is a digital marketing company for the automotive industry that assists automotive retail dealers (“Dealers”) and automotive manufacturers (“Manufacturers”) market and sell new and used vehicles to consumers by utilizing the Company’s digital sales enhancing products and services.
 
The Company’s consumer-facing websites (“Company Websites”) provide consumers with information and tools to aid them with their automotive purchase decisions and the ability to connect with Dealers regarding purchasing or leasing vehicles (“Leads”). The Company’s click traffic referral program provides consumers who are shopping for vehicles online with targeted offers based on make, model and geographic location. As these consumers conduct online research on Company Websites or on the site of one of our network of automotive publishers, they are presented with relevant offers on a timely basis and, upon the consumer clicking on the displayed advertisement, are sent to the appropriate website location of one of the Company’s Dealer, Manufacturer or advertising customers.
 
The Company was incorporated in Delaware on May 17, 1996. The Company’s common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol AUTO.
 
2. Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are presented on the same basis as the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (“2019 Form 10-K”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). AutoWeb has made its disclosures in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 8-03 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of Company management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation with respect to interim financial statements, have been included. The unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations and cash flows for the period ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations or cash flows expected for the year or any other period.  The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in the 2019 Form 10-K.  
 
References to amounts in the consolidated financial statement sections are in thousands, except share and per share data, unless otherwise specified.
 
As of December 31, 2019, restricted cash primarily consisted of pledged cash pursuant to the PNC Credit Agreement. As of June 30, 2020, restricted cash primarily consisted of cash pledged pursuant to the CNC Credit Agreement.
 
In early 2020 and continuing as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the coronavirus pandemic has led to quarantines and stay-at-home/work-from-home orders in a number of countries, states, cities and regions and the closure or limited access to public and private offices and facilities, worldwide, causing widespread disruptions to travel, economic activity and financial markets.  Management is unable to predict the extent and duration of these disruptions, which could result in a national or global recession. The pandemic has led the Company’s Manufacturer and Dealer customers to experience disruptions in the (i) supply of vehicle and parts inventories, (ii) ability and willingness of consumers to visit automotive dealerships to purchase or lease vehicles and (iii) overall health and availability of their labor force. Manufacturers also shutdown assembly plants. Volatility in the financial markets, concerns about exposure to the novel coronavirus and governmental quarantines, stay-at-home/work-from-home orders, business closures, and employment furloughs and layoffs have also impacted consumer confidence and willingness to visit dealerships and to purchase or lease vehicles. High unemployment and lower consumer confidence may continue after the stay-at-home/work-from-home orders have ended. These disruptions have impacted the willingness or desire of the Company’s customers to acquire vehicle Leads or other digital marketing services from the Company. Vehicle sales have declined, and the Company has experienced direct disruptions in its operations due to the overall health of, and concerns for, its labor force and as a result of governmental “social distancing” programs, quarantines, travel restrictions and stay-at-home/work-from-home orders, leading to office closures, operating from employee homes and restrictions on its employees traveling to its various offices. The Company continues to experience cancellations or suspensions of purchases of Leads and other digital marketing services by its customers, which materially and adversely affects its business, results of operations, financial condition, earnings per share, cash flow and the trading price of its common stock.
 
In April 2020, the Company implemented a series of cost actions in response to coronavirus pandemic, including reduced executive and board compensation during the three-months ended June 30, 2020, reduced recruitment, travel, consulting and business-to-business marketing expenses, consolidation of various technology tools and products, and limited employee furloughs and staff reductions. The Company also started reducing its overall lead and click generation efforts and corresponding costs to better align its volumes with industry demand and consumer intent to purchase a vehicle. Management will continue to evaluate other cost reduction measures and explore all options available to it in order to minimize the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
 
 
 
6
 
 
3.  Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
The Company has reviewed all recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a material impact to its consolidated financial statements.
 
4.  Revenue Recognition
 
Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised goods or services to the Company’s customers, or when the Company satisfies any performance obligations under contract. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for respective goods or services provided. Further, under Accounting Standards Codification 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” (“ASC 606”) contract assets or contract liabilities that arise from past performance but require a further performance before the obligation can be fully satisfied must be identified and recorded on the balance sheet until respective settlements have been met.
 
The Company has two main revenue sources – Lead generation and Digital advertising. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue for each source as described below:
 
Lead generation – paid by Dealers and Manufacturers participating in the Company’s Lead programs and are comprised of Lead transaction and/or monthly subscription fees. Lead fees are recognized in the period when service is provided.
 
Digital advertising – fees paid by Dealers, Manufacturers and third-party wholesale suppliers for (i) the Company’s click traffic program, (ii) display advertising on the Company’s websites, and (iii) email and other direct marketing. Revenue is recognized in the period advertisements are displayed on the Company’s websites or the period in which clicks have been delivered, as applicable. The Company recognizes revenue from the delivery of action-based advertisement (including email and other direct marketing) in the period in which a user takes the action for which the marketer contracted with the Company. For advertising revenue arrangements where the Company is not the principal, the Company recognizes revenue on a net basis.
 
Variable Consideration
 
Leads are generally sold with a right-of-return for services that do not meet customer requirements as specified by the relevant contract. Rights-of-return are estimable, and provisions for estimated returns are recorded as a reduction in revenue by the Company in the period revenue is recognized, and thereby accounted for as variable consideration. As of December 31, 2019, the Company included the allowance for customer credits in its net accounts receivable balances on the Company’s balance sheet at period end. Allowance for customer credits were approximately $106,000 and $194,000 as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
 
Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
 
Unbilled Revenue
 
Timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to customers. The Company records a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to invoicing. From time to time, the Company may have balances on its balance sheet representing revenue that has been recognized by the Company upon satisfaction of performance obligations and earning a right to receive payment. These not-yet invoiced receivable balances are driven by the timing of administrative transaction processing, and are not indicative of partially complete performance obligations, or unbilled revenue. 
 
Deferred Revenue
 
The Company defers the recognition of revenue when cash payments are received or due in advance of satisfying the Company’s performance obligations, including amounts which are refundable. Such activity is not typical for the Company. The Company had zero deferred revenue included in its consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Payment terms and conditions can vary by contract type. Generally, payment terms within the Company’s customer contracts include a requirement of payment within 30 to 60 days from date of invoice. Typically, customers make payments after receipt of invoice for billed services, and less typically, in advance of rendered services.
 
The Company has not made any significant changes in applying ASC 606 during the six months ended June 30, 2020.
 
 
 
7
 
 
Disaggregation of Revenue
 
The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers by revenue source and has determined that disaggregating revenue into these categories sufficiently depicts the differences in the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue streams. 
 
The following table summarizes revenue from contracts with customers, disaggregated by revenue source, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019. Revenue is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lead generation
 $14,263 
 $21,691 
 $32,723 
 $47,389 
Digital advertising
    
    
    
    
Clicks
  2,321 
  4,456 
  7,670 
  9,515 
Display and other advertising
  435 
  976 
  1,098 
  1,795 
Total digital advertising
  2,756 
  5,432 
  8,768 
  11,310 
 
    
    
    
    
Other revenues
  14 
  19 
  14 
  47 
   Total revenues
 $17,033 
 $27,142 
 $41,505 
 $58,746 
 
 5.   Net Loss Per Share
 
Basic net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, excluding any unvested restricted stock. Diluted net loss per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares, and if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding, as determined under the treasury stock and if-converted methods, during the period. Potential common shares consist of unvested restricted stock and common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants.   
 
The following are the share amounts utilized to compute the basic and diluted net loss per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
 June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
Basic Shares:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
  13,146,831 
  13,147,741 
  13,146,831 
  13,066,617 
Weighted average unvested restricted stock
  (13,333)
  (36,850)
  (13,333)
  (48,362)
Basic Shares
  13,133,498 
  13,110,891 
  13,133,498 
  13,018,255 
 
    
    
    
    
Diluted Shares:
    
    
    
    
Basic shares
  13,133,498 
  13,110,891 
  13,133,498 
  13,018,255 
Weighted average dilutive securities
   
   
   
   
Diluted Shares
  13,133,498 
  13,110,891 
  13,133,498 
  13,018,255 
 
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s basic and diluted net loss per share are the same because the Company generated a net loss for the period and potentially dilutive securities are excluded from diluted net loss per share because they have an anti-dilutive impact.
 
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company had 4.0 million of potentially anti-dilutive securities related to common stock that have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net earnings per share. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company had 4.2 million and 4.1 million of potentially anti-dilutive securities related to common stock that have been excluded from the calculation of diluted net earnings per share, respectively.
 
 
 
8
 
 
 6. Share-Based Compensation
 
Share-based compensation expense is included in costs as follows:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Share-based compensation expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and marketing
 $29 
 $66 
 $61 
 $138 
Technology support
  28 
  52 
  55 
  93 
General and administrative
  462 
  442 
  912 
  880 
Share-based compensation costs
  519 
  560 
  1,028 
  1,111 
 
    
    
    
    
Amount capitalized to internal use software
   
   
   
   
Total share-based compensation costs
 $519 
 $560 
 $1,028 
 $1,111 
 
Service-Based Options.  The Company granted the following service-based options for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:  
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of service-based options granted
  55,000 
  140,000 
  515,000 
  1,182,883 
Weighted average grant date fair value
 $0.67 
 $1.84 
 $1.05 
 $1.82 
Weighted average exercise price
 $1.08 
 $3.45 
 $1.90 
 $3.42 
 
These options are valued using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. Options issued to employees generally vest one-third on the first anniversary of the grant date and ratably over twenty-four months thereafter.  The vesting of these awards is contingent upon the employee’s continued employment with the Company during the vesting period and vesting may be accelerated under certain conditions, including upon a change in control of the Company and, in the case of certain officers of the Company, termination of employment by the Company without cause and voluntary termination of employment by such officer with good reason. Options issued to non-employee directors generally vest monthly over a 12-month period and vesting may be accelerated under certain conditions, including upon a change in control of the Company and upon the termination of service as a director of the Company in the event such termination of service is due to resignation, failure to be re-elected, failure to be nominated for re-election, or without removal for cause.
 
The grant date fair value of stock options granted during these periods was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following weighted average assumptions:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividend yield
   
   
   
   
Volatility
  81%
  66%
  70%
  65%
Risk-free interest rate
  0.3%
  2.2%
  1.1%
  2.5%
Expected life (years)
  4.6 
  4.4 
  4.6 
  4.4 
 
 
 
9
 
 
Stock option exercises.  The following stock options were exercised during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:  
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
2020
 
 
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of stock options exercised
   
  57,036 
   
  213,048 
Weighted average exercise price
 $ 
 $1.77 
 $ 
 $1.92 
 
 7. Selected Balance Sheet Accounts
 
Property and Equipment.  Property and equipment consist of the following:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Computer software and hardware
 $11,679 
 $12,804 
Capitalized internal use software
  7,391 
  5,878 
Furniture and equipment
  1,743 
  1,743 
Leasehold improvements
  1,613 
  1,613 
 
  22,426 
  22,038 
Less—Accumulated depreciation and amortization
  (19,400)
  (18,689)
 Property and equipment, net
 $3,026 
 $3,349 
 
Concentration of Credit Risk and Risks Due to Significant Customers.  Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. Cash and cash equivalents are primarily maintained with high credit quality financial institutions in the United States. Deposits held by banks exceed the amount of insurance provided for such deposits.
 
 Accounts receivable are primarily derived from fees billed to Dealers and Manufacturers. The Company generally requires no collateral to support its accounts receivables and maintains an allowance for bad debts for potential credit losses.
 
The Company has a concentration of credit risk with its accounts receivable balances. Approximately 60%, or $8.9 million, of gross accounts receivable at June 30, 2020, and approximately 45% of total revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2020, are related to Urban Science Applications (which represents Acura, Honda, Subaru, and Volvo), Carat Detroit (General Motors), Ford Direct and Autodata Solutions. For 2019, 34%, or $8.0 million, of gross accounts receivable at June 30, 2019, and approximately 27% of total revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2019, are related to Urban Science Applications (which represents Acura, Honda, Nissan, Infiniti, Subaru, Toyota and Volvo) and Carat Detroit (General Motors).
 
 
 
10
 

Intangible Assets.  The Company amortizes specifically identified definite-lived intangible assets using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets.
 
The Company’s intangible assets are amortized over the following estimated useful lives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Definite-lived Intangible Asset
 
Estimated Useful Life
 
 
Gross
 
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
 
Net
 
 
Gross
 
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
 
Net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trademarks/ trade names/ licenses/ domains
  3 - 7 years 
 $16,589 
 $(15,701)
 $888 
 $16,589 
 $(15,442)
 $1,147 
Customer relationships
  2 - 5 years 
  19,563 
  (19,563)
   
  19,563 
  (18,800)
  763 
Developed technology
  5 - 7 years  
  8,955 
  (6,506)
  2,449 
  8,955 
  (5,961)
  2,994 
 
    
 $45,107 
 $(41,770)
 $3,337 
 $45,107 
 $(40.203)
 $4,904 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2020
 
 
December 31, 2019
 
Definite-lived Intangible Asset
 
Estimated Useful Life
 
 
Gross
 
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
 
Net
 
 
Gross
 
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
 
Net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domain
  Indefinite 
 $2,200 
 $ 
 $2,200 
 $2,200 
 $ 
 $2,200 
 
Amortization expense is included in “Cost of revenues” and “Depreciation and amortization” in the Unaudited Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations.  Total amortization expense was $0.7 million and $1.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. Amortization expense was $1.3 million and $2.7 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively.
 
Amortization expense for the remainder of the year and for future years is as follows:
 
Year
 
Amortization Expense
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 $804 
2021
  1,499 
2022
  902 
2023
  86 
2024
  46 
 
 $3,337 
 
 
 
 
11
 
 
Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities.  Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
 
 
 
June 30,
2020
 
 
December 31,
2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued employee-related benefits
 $1,928 
 $1,004 
Other accrued expenses and other current liabilities:
    
    
Other accrued expenses
  617 
  1,264 
Amounts due to customers
  338 
  355 
Other current liabilities
  302 
  696 
Total other accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  1,257 
  2,315 
 
    
    
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 $3,185 
 $3,319 
 
Convertible Notes Payable.  In connection with the acquisition of AutoUSA on January 13, 2014, the Company issued a convertible subordinated promissory note for $1.0 million (“AutoUSA Note”) to AutoNationDirect.com, Inc., with interest payable at an annual interest rate of 6% in quarterly installments. The entire outstanding balance of the AutoUSA Note plus accrued interest was paid in full on January 31, 2019.
 
8. Leases
 
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception of the arrangement. The Company leases its facilities and certain office equipment under operating leases that expire on various dates through 2025. Right-of-use assets (“ROU”) assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date of the lease based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. When readily determinable, the Company uses the implicit rate in determining the present value of lease payments. The ROU asset also includes any lease payments made and excludes lease incentives. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
 
Lease Liabilities.  Lease liabilities as of June 30, 2020 consist of the following:
 
Current portion of lease liabilities
 $820 
Long term lease liabilities, net of current portion
  2,524 
Total lease liabilities
 $3,344 
 
The Company’s aggregate lease maturities as of June 30, 2020 are as follows:
 
Year
 
 
 
2020 (remaining 6 months)
 $499 
2021
  997 
2022
  791 
2023
  786 
2024
  528 
Thereafter
  197 
Total minimum lease payments
  3,798 
Less imputed interest
  (454)
Total lease liabilities
 $3,344 
 
On March 11, 2020, the Company entered into a Lease Agreement (“New Irvine Lease”) with The Irvine Company LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, pursuant to which the Company will lease approximately 12,000 square feet of office space located in Irvine, California. The term of the New Irvine Lease commenced on August 1, 2020 and will continue for a period of approximately five years, unless earlier terminated in accordance with the terms of the New Irvine Lease. The Company has the option to extend the term of the New Irvine Lease for one additional period of five years. The new office space replaces the Company’s current, approximately 39,361 square feet, office space in Irvine, California, the lease for which expired July 31, 2020. The Company included the New Irvine Lease on its balance sheet and within the future minimum lease payment table above.
 
 
 
12
 
 
Rent expense included in operating expenses and cost of revenue was $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The Company had a weighted average remaining lease term of 1.9 years and a weighted average discount rate of 5.5% for leases prior to December 31, 2019. For leases starting January 1, 2020, the weighted average discount rate is 6.25%. Rent expense included in operating expenses and cost of revenue was $1.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019. The Company had a weighted average remaining lease term of 2.1 years and a weighted average discount rate of 5.5% as of June 30, 2019. In June 2017, the Company subleased one of its offices to a third party for the remainder of the lease term which expired in February 2019. Rent expense for the six months ended June 30, 2019 is net of sublease income of $26,000.
 
9. Credit Facility
 
On April 30, 2019, the Company entered into a $25.0 million Revolving Credit and Security Agreement (“PNC Credit Agreement”) with PNC Bank, N.A. (“PNC”) as agent, and the Company’s U.S. subsidiaries Car.com, Inc., Autobytel, Inc., and AW GUA USA, Inc. (“Company U.S. Subsidiaries”). The obligations under the PNC Credit Agreement were guaranteed by the Company U.S. Subsidiaries and secured by a first priority lien on all of the Company’s and the Company U.S. Subsidiaries’ tangible and intangible assets. The PNC Credit Agreement provided a subfacility of up to $5.0 million for letters of credit. The PNC Credit Agreement was to expire on April 30, 2022.
 
               The interest rates per annum applicable to borrowings under the PNC Credit Agreement were, at the Company’s option (subject to certain conditions), equal to either a domestic rate (“Domestic Rate Loans”) or a LIBOR rate for one, two, or three-month interest periods chosen by the Company (“LIBOR Rate Loans”), plus the applicable margin percentage of 2% for Domestic Rate Loans and 3% for LIBOR Rate Loans. The domestic rate for Domestic Rate Loans would be the highest of (i) the base commercial lending rate of the lender, (ii) the overnight bank funding rate plus 0.50%, or (iii) the LIBOR rate plus 1.00% so long as the daily LIBOR rate is offered, ascertainable and not unlawful. The PNC Credit Agreement also provided for commitment fees ranging from 0.5% to 1.5% applied to unused funds (with the applicable fee based on quarterly average borrowings), but with the fees fixed at 1.5% until September 30, 2019. Fees for Letters of Credit were to be equal to 3% for LIBOR Rate Loans, with a fronting fee for each Letter of Credit in an amount equal to 0.5% of the daily average aggregate undrawn amount of all Letters of Credit outstanding. The Company was required to maintain a $5.0 million pledged interest-bearing deposit account with the lender until the Company’s consolidated EBITDA is greater than $10.0 million.
 
               On October 29, 2019, the Company, the Company’s U.S. Subsidiaries, and PNC entered into a First Amendment to the PNC Credit Agreement (“PNC Credit Agreement First Amendment”) that provided for an amended financial covenant related to the Company’s minimum required EBITDA (as defined in the PNC Credit Agreement). This amended financial covenant required the Company to maintain its consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the PNC Credit Agreement) at stated minimum levels (i) of $0.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2019; (ii) $250,000 for the month of October 2019; (iii) $600,000 for the two-months ended November 30, 2019; and ranging from $3.6 million to $7.5 million for the later periods set forth in the PNC Credit Agreement First Amendment during the remaining term of the PNC Credit Agreement. In addition, the PNC Credit Agreement First Amendment added a new financial covenant requiring the Company to maintain at least a 1.20 to 1.00 Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the PNC Credit Agreement First Amendment) for the periods set forth in the PNC Credit Agreement First Amendment. If the Company failed to comply with the minimum EBITDA requirements or the Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, the Company had the right to cure (“Cure Right”) through the application of the proceeds from the sale of new equity interests in the Company, subject to the conditions set forth in the PNC Credit Agreement First Amendment. The Cure Right could not be exercised more than three times during the term of the PNC Credit Agreement and any proceeds from a sale of equity interests could not be less than the greater of (i) the amount required to cure the applicable default; and (ii) $500,000.
 
               On January 16, 2020, the Company received a notice of event of default and reservation of rights (“Default Notice”) from PNC Bank, under the PNC Credit Agreement advising the Company that an event of default had occurred and was continuing under Section 10.3 of the PNC Credit Agreement by reason of AutoWeb’s failure to deliver to PNC the financial statements and related compliance certificate for the month ended November 30, 2019. Although not covered by the Default Notice at the time, AutoWeb also was not in compliance with the minimum EBITDA financial covenant under the PNC Credit Agreement. As a result of the Default Notice, PNC increased the interest rate under the PNC Credit Agreement by 2.0% per annum. 
 
On March 26, 2020, the Company fully paid the PNC Credit Agreement, at which time it was terminated, and in conjunction with the termination of the PNC Credit Agreement, on March 26, 2020, the Company entered into a $20.0 million Loan, Security and Guarantee Agreement (“CNC Credit Agreement”) with CIT Northbridge Credit LLC, as agent, and the Company U.S. Subsidiaries. The CNC Credit Agreement provides for a $20.0 million revolving credit facility with borrowings subject to availability based primarily on limits of 85% of eligible billed accounts receivable and 75% against eligible unbilled accounts receivable. The obligations under the CNC Credit Agreement are guaranteed by the Company U.S. Subsidiaries and secured by a first priority lien on all of the Company’s and the Company U.S. Subsidiaries’ tangible and intangible assets. The CNC Credit Agreement has a minimum borrowing usage requirement of $8,000,000 as of June 30, 2020, which will increase to an average of $10,000,000 thereafter.
 
 
 
13
 
 
As of June 30, 2020, the Company had $7.2 million outstanding under the CNC Credit Agreement and approximately $2.5 million of net availability. To increase the borrowing base sufficient enough to meet the minimum borrowing usage requirement, on June 29, 2020, the Company placed $3.0 million into a restricted cash account that provided for greater availability under the CNC Credit Agreement. The Company can borrow up to 97.5% of the total restricted cash amount. The restricted cash accrues interest at a variable rate currently averaging 0.30% per annum.  On July 2nd, 2020, the Company drew an additional $3.0 million to satisfy the increased minimum borrowing requirement.
 
Financing costs related to the CNC Credit Agreement, net of accumulated amortization, of approximately $0.5 million, have been deferred over the initial term of the loan and are included in other assets as of June 30, 2020. The interest rate per annum applicable to borrowings under the CNC Credit Agreement will be the LIBO plus 5.5%. The LIBO Rate will be equal to the greater of (i) 1.75%, and (ii) the rate determined by the Agent to be equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (1) the LIBO Base Rate (i.e., the rate per annum determined by Agent to be the offered rate that appears on the applicable Bloomberg page) for the applicable LIBOR Loan for the applicable interest period by (2) one minus the Eurodollar Reserve Percentage (i.e., the reserve percentage in effect under regulations issued from time to time by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System for determining the maximum reserve requirement with respect to Eurocurrency funding for the applicable LIBOR Loan for the applicable interest period). The CNC Credit Agreement expires on March 26, 2023.
 
On April 16, 2020, the Company received a loan in the amount of approximately $1.38 million from PNC pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) administered by the United States Small Business Administration (“SBA”) under the CARES Act (“PPP Loan”). The PPP Loan was granted pursuant to a Paycheck Protection Program Term Note dated April 16, 2020, issued by the Company (“PPP Note”). 
 
On June 5, 2020 the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act (“PPPFA”) was signed into law that contained important clarifications and modifications to the previous PPP loan rules under the CARES Act. These revisions provided that at least 60% of the PPP Loan proceeds must be used for payroll expenses. Also, all, or a portion of, the PPP Loan may be forgiven based on the sum of documented payroll costs, covered lease payments, covered mortgage interest and covered utilities during an eight-week or twenty-four-week period beginning on the date on which the PPP Loan was approved.
 
The PPP Note matures on April 16, 2022 and bears interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum. Principal and accrued interest are payable monthly in equal installments commencing November 15, 2020, unless the PPP Loan is forgiven as described below. The PPP Note may be prepaid at any time prior to maturity with no prepayment penalties. The PPP Note contains customary events of default relating to, among other things, payment defaults and breaches of representations and warranties. The proceeds from the PPP Loan may only be used to retain workers and maintain payroll or make mortgage interest, lease and utility payments. For purposes of the CARES Act, payroll costs exclude compensation of an individual employee in excess of $100,000, prorated annually. Not more than 40% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. Forgiveness of the PPP Loan is reduced if full-time headcount declines, or if salaries and wages for employees with salaries of $100,000 or less annually are reduced by more than 25%. The outstanding principal will be reduced in the event the Loan, or any portion thereof, is forgiven pursuant to the PPP. The Company intends to apply for forgiveness after the covered period. Furthermore, the Company expects to meet the terms of forgiveness as described above.
 
 
10. Commitments and Contingencies
 
Employment Agreements
 
The Company has employment agreements and severance benefits agreements with certain key employees. A number of these agreements require severance payments and continuation of certain insurance benefits in the event of a termination of the employee’s employment by the Company without cause or by the employee for good reason (as defined is these agreements). Stock option agreements and restricted stock award agreements with some key employees provide for acceleration of vesting of stock options and lapsing of forfeiture restrictions on restricted stock in the event of a change in control of the Company, upon termination of employment by the Company without cause or by the employee for good reason, or upon the employee’s death or disability.
 
Litigation
 
From time to time, the Company may be involved in litigation matters arising from the normal course of its business operations. Such litigation, even if not meritorious, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention, and an adverse outcome in litigation could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. 
 
 
 
14
 
 
11. Income Taxes
 
On an interim basis, the Company estimates what its anticipated annual effective tax rate will be and records a quarterly income tax provision in accordance with the estimated annual rate, adjusted accordingly by the tax effect of certain discrete items that arise during the quarter. This process can result in significant changes to the Company’s estimated effective tax rate. When such activity occurs, the income tax provision is adjusted during the quarter in which the estimates are refined and adjusted. As such, the Company’s year-to-date tax provision reflects the estimated annual effective tax rate. Therefore, these changes along with the adjustments to the Company’s deferred taxes and related valuation allowance, may create fluctuations in the overall effective tax rate from period to period.
 
Due to overall cumulative losses incurred in recent years, the Company maintained a valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company’s effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2020 differed from the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to operating losses that receive no tax benefit as a result of a valuation allowance recorded against the Company’s existing tax assets. The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits, excluding associated interest and penalties, was $0.5 million as of June 30, 2020, all of which, if subsequently recognized, would have affected the Company’s tax rate.
 
As of June 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, there were no accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense, and the accrued interest and penalties are included in deferred and other long-term liabilities in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. There were no material interest or penalties included in income tax expense for six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
The Company is subject to taxation in the U.S. and in various foreign and state jurisdictions. Due to expired statutes of limitation, the Company’s federal income tax returns for years prior to calendar year 2016 are not subject to examination by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service. Generally, for the majority of state jurisdictions where the Company does business, periods prior to calendar year 2015 are no longer subject to examination. The Company does not anticipate a significant change to the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits within the next twelve months.
 
In response to the coronavirus pandemic, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) was signed into law in March 2020. The CARES Act lifts certain deduction limitations originally imposed by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“2017 Tax Act”). Corporate taxpayers may carryback net operating losses (“NOL’s”) originating during 2018 through 2020 for up to five years, which was not previously allowed under the 2017 Tax Act. The CARES Act also eliminates the 80% of taxable income limitations by allowing corporate entities to fully utilize NOL carryforwards to offset taxable income in 2018, 2019 or 2020.
 
Taxpayers may generally deduct interest up to the sum of 50% of adjusted taxable income plus business interest income (30% limit under the 2017 Tax Act) for tax years beginning January 1, 2019 and 2020. The CARES Act allows taxpayers with alternative minimum tax credits to claim a refund in 2020 for the entire amount of the credits instead of recovering the credits through refunds over a period of years, as originally enacted by the 2017 Tax Act. The enactment of the CARES Act did not result in any material adjustments to the Company’s income tax provision for the six months ended June 30, 2020, or to its net deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2020.
 
 
 
15
 
 
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Cautionary Note Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
 
The SEC encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “anticipates,” “could,” “may,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “will” and words of similar substance used in connection with any discussion of future operations or financial performance identify forward-looking statements. In particular, statements regarding expectations and opportunities, industry trends, new product expectations and capabilities, and our outlook regarding our performance and growth are forward-looking statements. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q also contains statements regarding plans, goals and objectives. There is no assurance that we will be able to carry out our plans or achieve our goals and objectives or that we will be able to do so successfully on a profitable basis. These forward-looking statements are just predictions and involve significant risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, and actual results may differ materially from these statements. Factors that could cause actual outcomes or results to differ materially from those reflected in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Part I, Item 2 and Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and under the heading “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (“2019 Form 10-K”). Investors are urged not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they were made. Except as may be required by law, we do not undertake any obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All forward-looking statements contained herein are qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements.
 
The following discussion of our results of operations and financial condition should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto in the 2019 Form 10-K.
 
Our corporate website is located at www.autoweb.com. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. At or through the Investor Relations section of our website we make available free of charge our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to these reports as soon as practicable after the reports are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC.
 
Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we”, “us”, “our”, “AutoWeb” and “Company” refer to AutoWeb, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
 
Basis of Presentation and Critical Accounting Policies
 
See Note 2, Basis or Presentation, of the Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. 
 
We prepare our financial statements in conformity with GAAP, which require us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from our estimates. To the extent that there are material differences between these estimates and our actual results, our financial condition or results of operations may be affected. For a detailed discussion of the application of our critical accounting policies, see Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the 2019 Form 10-K. There have been no changes to our critical accounting policies since we filed our 2019 Form 10-K. 
 
Overview
 
Total revenues in the first six months of 2020 were $41.6 million compared to $58.7 million in the first six months of 2019. The decline in total revenues resulted primarily from the result of a strategic shift made in Q1 2019 to prioritize gross profitability as opposed to the maximization of lead traffic and lead volume. Further contributing to the decline in total revenues was the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on vehicle sales. Although the prior strategic focus often generated higher gross revenue, it was usually at lower gross margins that then resulted in lower overall levels of gross profit. As a part of these strategic decisions, we also shifted focus to our core leads, clicks and email products and services and away from non-core products and services, such as display advertising.  This further negatively impacted total revenue for the first six months of 2020 as compared to the first six months of 2019.  Generally lower demand for leads resulting from attrition in the retail dealer network that occurred throughout 2019 was an additional factor that contributed to lower total revenue during the first six months of 2020.  Finally, the disruption from the January 2020 malware attack and the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on vehicles sales negatively impacted revenues during the six months ended June 30, 2020.
 
 
 
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As we continue to work with our traffic suppliers to optimize our search engine marketing (“SEM”) methodologies and further grow our high-quality traffic streams, we are also investing in and testing new traffic acquisition strategies and enhanced mobile consumer experiences. Further, we continue to invest in our pay per click approach, to improve the consumer experience of that product. We do not expect desktop and mobile display advertising to be a major area of focus for us in the future, as it represents a secondary, not primary, stream of revenue. With a more efficient traffic acquisition model emerging, our plan for 2020 and beyond is to grow impressions, improve conversion, expand distribution, and increase capacity. We believe that this focus, along with plans to develop new, innovative products, will create opportunities for improved quality of delivery and strengthen our position for revenue growth.
 
Our lead generation business has historically operated with limited visibility due to short sales cycles and a high rate of customer churn as clients are able to join and leave our platform with limited notice. Our advertising business is also subject to seasonal trends, with the first quarter of the calendar year typically showing sequential decline versus the fourth quarter. These factors have historically contributed to volatility in our revenues, cost of revenues, gross profit and gross profit margin. We anticipate these trends will continue throughout 2020.
 
Although we are not able at this time to provide any specific guidance regarding our full year 2020 financial performance with detail or accuracy, we do anticipate some level of volatility in our total revenues, while cost of revenues continues to decline yielding higher gross profit, and higher gross margin for 2020, as compared to full year 2019. We anticipate that 2020 revenues will be adversely impacted by (i) the result of a strategic shift made in Q1 2019 to prioritize internal traffic acquisition processes on obtaining higher quality impressions that would yield increased gross profit margins, as opposed to a prior focus on raw lead volume; (ii) a decrease in lead traffic as well as lead volume; (iii) a decline in sales of our products and services; (iv) the costs and revenue impact associated with our efforts to optimize our clicks product; (v) the decision to shift our focus to our core leads, clicks and email products and services and away from non-core product and service such as display advertising; (vi) the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on vehicle sales and on demand for our products and services; and (vii) the decision by one of our Manufacturer customers to terminate its wholesale leads and clicks program as we work to transition this Manufacturer’s retail dealers to our retail programs. During the first six months of 2020, our cash used by operations decreased, a direct result of reducing our office footprint and eliminating certain positions beginning in late 2019. Further contributing to this reduction in cash used by operations was the cost reductions discussed below, that was enacted as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. Our plan is to improve our liquidity and balance sheet through non-dilutive measures, including use of available borrowings under the CNC Credit Agreement.
 
Beginning in 2020 and continuing as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the coronavirus pandemic has led to quarantines and stay-at-home/work-from-home orders in a number of countries, states, cities and regions and the closure or limited access to public and private offices, businesses and facilities, worldwide, causing widespread disruptions to travel, economic activity and financial markets. We are unable to predict the extent and duration of these disruptions, which could result in a national or global recession. The pandemic has led the Company’s Manufacturer and Dealer customers to experience disruptions in the (i) supply of vehicle and parts inventories, (ii) ability and willingness of consumers to visit automotive dealerships to purchase or lease vehicles and (iii) overall health, safety, and availability of their labor force. Manufacturers have also shut down assembly plants, adversely impacting inventories of new vehicles. Volatility in the financial markets, concerns about exposure to the novel coronavirus and governmental quarantines, stay-at-home/work-from-home orders, business closures, and employment furloughs and layoff have also adversely impacted consumer confidence and ability and willingness to visit dealerships and to purchase or lease vehicles. High unemployment and lower consumer confidence may continue after stay-at-home/work-from-home orders and business closures have ended. These disruptions have impacted the willingness or desire of the Company’s customers to acquire vehicle Leads or other digital marketing services from the Company. Vehicle sales have declined, and the Company is experiencing direct disruptions in its operations due to the overall health and safety of, and concerns for, our labor force and as a result of governmental “social distancing” programs, quarantines, travel restrictions and stay-at-home/work-from-home orders, leading to office closures, operating from employee homes and restrictions on our employees traveling to our various offices.
 
In April 2020, we implemented a series of cost actions in response to the coronavirus pandemic, including reduced executive and board compensation, reduced recruitment, travel, consulting and business-to-business marketing expenses, consolidation of various technology tools and products, and limited employee furloughs and staff reductions. We also reduced our overall lead and click generation efforts and corresponding costs to better align our volumes with industry demand and consumer intent to purchase a vehicle. We will continue to evaluate these and other cost reduction measures and explore all options available to us in order to minimize the impact of the pandemic on the Company. At this time, the eventual extent and magnitude of the disruptions caused by the outbreak on the automotive industry in general, and on us specifically, are not known, but vehicle sales have declined, and we continue to experience cancellations or suspensions of purchases of Leads and other digital marketing services by our customers, which materially and adversely affects our business, results of operations, financial condition, earnings per share, cash flow and the trading price of our common stock. In addition, resurgence of coronavirus cases have caused many state and local governments to re-impose, or impose additional, mitigation measures.
 
 
 
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Results of Operations
 
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 Compared to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
The following table sets forth certain statement of operations data for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 (certain balances and calculations have been rounded for presentation):
 
 
 
2020
 
 
% of
Total
Revenues
 
 
2019
 
 
% of
Total
Revenues
 
 
Change
 
 
% Change
 
 
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lead generation
 $14,263 
  84%
 $21,691 
  80%
 $(7,428)
  (34)%
Digital advertising
  2,756 
  16 
  5,432 
  20 
  (2,676)
  (49)
Other revenues
  14 
   
  19 
   
  (5)
  (26)
Total revenues
  17,033 
  100 
  27,142 
  100 
  (10,109)
  (37)
Cost of revenues
  10,993 
  65 
  21,758 
  80 
  (10,765)
  (49)
Gross profit
  6,040 
  35 
  5,384 
  20 
  656 
  12 
Operating expenses:
    
    
    
    
    
    
Sales and marketing
  2,026 
  12 
  2,956 
  11 
  (930)
  (31)
Technology support
  1,786 
  10 
  2,182 
  8 
  (396)
  (18)
General and administrative
  2,901 
  17 
  4,026 
  15 
  (1,125)
  (28)
Depreciation and amortization
  559 
  3 
  1,201 
  4 
  (642)
  (53)
Total operating expenses
  7,272 
  42 
  10,365 
  38 
  (3,093)
  (30)
Operating loss
  (1,232)
  (7)
  (4,981)
  (18)
  3,749 
  (75)
Interest and other income (expense), net
  (142)
  (1)
  33 
   
  (175)
  (530)
Loss before income tax provision
  (1,374)
  (8)
  (4,948)
  (18)
  3,574 
  (72)
Income tax provision
   
   
  5 
   
  (5)
  (100)
Net loss
 $(1,374)
  (8)%
 $(4,953)
  (18)%
 $3,579 
  (72)%
 
Lead generation.  Lead generation revenues decreased $7.4 million, or 34%, in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2019 primarily as a result of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on vehicle sales. We also reduced our overall lead generation efforts starting in second quarter of 2020 to better align our volumes with industry demand and consumer intent to purchase a vehicle.
   
Digital advertising. Advertising revenues decreased $2.7 million, or 49%, in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2019 primarily as a result of a decrease in click revenue associated with decreased click volume. The decrease in click volume is attributed to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic and our internal decision to reduce overall click generation efforts to better align with industry demand.
 
Cost of revenues.  Cost of revenues consists of purchase request and traffic acquisition costs and other cost of revenues. Purchase request and traffic acquisition costs consist of payments made to our purchase request providers, including internet portals and online automotive information providers. Other cost of revenues consists of SEM and fees paid to third parties for data and content, including search engine optimization activity, included on our websites; connectivity costs; development costs related to our websites; technology license fees; server equipment depreciation; and technology amortization directly related to the Company Websites. Cost of revenues decreased $10.8 million, or 49%, in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2019 primarily due to decreased SEM, purchase request and traffic acquisition costs and a decrease in click publisher costs.
 
Gross profit. Gross Profit increased $0.7 million, or 12%, in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the second quarter of 2019. This was a direct result of prioritizing gross profitability as opposed to the maximization of lead traffic and lead volume. Further contributing to this increase was a reduction in cost of revenues primarily driven by a reduction in cost-per-click.
 
Sales and marketing.  Sales and marketing expense include costs for developing our brand equity, personnel costs, and other costs associated with automotive retail (“Dealer”) sales, website advertising, Dealer support, and bad debt expense. Sales and marketing expense in the second quarter of 2020 decreased $0.9 million, or 31%, compared to the second quarter of 2019 due primarily to a decrease in headcount coupled with a decrease in marketing expenses.
 
 
 
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Technology support. Technology support expense includes compensation, benefits, software licenses and other direct costs incurred by the Company to enhance, manage, maintain, support, monitor and operate the Company’s websites and related technologies, and to operate the Company’s internal technology infrastructure. Technology support expense in the second quarter of 2020 decreased by $0.4 million, or 18%, compared to the second quarter of 2019 due primarily to lower headcount-related costs.
 
General and administrative. General and administrative expense consists of executive, financial and legal personnel expenses and costs related to being a public company. General and administrative expense in the second quarter of 2020 decreased by $1.1 million, or 28%, from the second quarter of 2019 due primarily to the cost action initiatives taken in response to the coronavirus pandemic. These cost reductions include reductions in executive and board compensation, recruitment, and travel-related expenses.
 
Depreciation and amortization.  Depreciation and amortization expense in the second quarter of 2020 decreased $0.6 million, or 53% from the second quarter of 2019 primarily due to assets that have been fully depreciated or removed from service as compared to the same period in the prior year.
 
 Interest and other income (expense), net.  Interest and other income (expense), was $0.1 million of expense for the second quarter of 2020 compared to $33,000 of income in the second quarter of 2019. Interest expense increased to $0.2 million in the second quarter of 2020 from $0.1 million in the second quarter of 2019, primarily due to the CNC Credit Agreement we entered i