Company Quick10K Filing
Aircastle
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-03
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-13
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-13
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-06
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-06
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-02
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-12
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-01
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-07
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-03
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-13
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-02
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-08
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-04
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-14
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-01
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-04
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-04
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-11
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-03
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-06
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-06
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-19
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-04
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-01
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-07
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-26
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-10-31
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-06
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-02
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-22
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-07
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-03
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-03
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-29
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-08
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-04
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-04
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-03-10
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-05
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-10
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-05
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-03-05
8-K 2020-08-05 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2020-08-03 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2020-05-13
8-K 2020-03-27
8-K 2020-03-24
8-K 2020-03-06
8-K 2020-02-21
8-K 2020-02-18
8-K 2019-12-26
8-K 2019-11-08
8-K 2019-11-06
8-K 2019-11-05
8-K 2019-10-25
8-K 2019-10-24
8-K 2019-08-06
8-K 2019-07-23
8-K 2019-07-15
8-K 2019-06-10
8-K 2019-05-17
8-K 2019-05-17
8-K 2019-05-03
8-K 2019-04-18
8-K 2019-04-01
8-K 2019-02-12
8-K 2018-12-10
8-K 2018-11-01
8-K 2018-09-20
8-K 2018-09-17
8-K 2018-08-21
8-K 2018-08-07
8-K 2018-07-25
8-K 2018-06-28
8-K 2018-05-18
8-K 2018-05-16
8-K 2018-05-02
8-K 2018-05-01
8-K 2018-04-20
8-K 2018-03-28
8-K 2018-02-13
8-K 2018-01-30

AYR 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Fair Value Measurements
Note 3. Lease Rental Revenues and Flight Equipment Held for Lease
Note 4. Net Investment in Leases
Note 5. Unconsolidated Equity Method Investments
Note 6. Variable Interest Entities
Note 7. Secured and Unsecured Debt Financings
Note 8. Shareholders' Equity and Share - Based Payment
Note 9. Income Taxes
Note 10. Interest, Net
Note 11. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 12. Other Assets
Note 13. Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
Note 14. Subsequent Event
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 ayrq22020ex311.htm
EX-31.2 ayrq22020ex312.htm
EX-32.1 ayrq22020ex321.htm
EX-32.2 ayrq22020ex322.htm

Aircastle Earnings 2020-06-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
10.08.06.04.02.00.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.30.20.10.1-0.0-0.12012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.50.30.0-0.2-0.5-0.72012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to            
Commission File number 001-32959
_______________________________________________________________
AIRCASTLE LIMITED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_______________________________________________________________
Bermuda
98-0444035
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
c/o Aircastle Advisor LLC
201 Tresser Boulevard, Suite 400
Stamford
Connecticut
06901
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:     (203) 504-1020
_______________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class                            
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered                            
Common Shares, par value $0.01 per share
 
N/A
 
NONE
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No  
As of August 1, 2020, there were 14,048 outstanding shares of the registrant’s common shares, par value $0.01 per share.



Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
No.
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019
 
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
 
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2


PART I. — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)

 
June 30,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
319,032

 
$
140,882

Restricted cash and cash equivalents
5,354

 
14,561

Accounts receivable
76,255

 
18,006

Flight equipment held for lease, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,803,936 and $1,501,664, respectively
6,866,811

 
7,375,018

Net investment in leases, net of allowance for credit losses of $2,972 and $0, respectively
319,531

 
419,396

Unconsolidated equity method investments
34,450

 
32,974

Other assets
257,047

 
201,209

Total assets
$
7,878,480

 
$
8,202,046

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Borrowings from secured financings, net of debt issuance costs and discounts
$
974,167

 
$
1,129,345

Borrowings from unsecured financings, net of debt issuance costs and discounts
4,137,590

 
3,932,491

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
158,785

 
172,114

Lease rentals received in advance
77,444

 
108,060

Security deposits
91,649

 
124,954

Maintenance payments
603,232

 
682,398

Total liabilities
6,042,867

 
6,149,362

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies


 


 
 
 
 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Preference shares, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common shares, $0.01 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 14,048 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2020; and 75,122,129 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2019

 
751

Additional paid-in capital
1,485,777

 
1,446,664

Retained earnings
349,836

 
605,269

Total shareholders’ equity
1,835,613

 
2,052,684

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
7,878,480

 
$
8,202,046


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lease rental revenue
$
172,380

 
$
192,823

 
$
371,300

 
$
374,057

Direct financing and sales-type lease revenue
4,537

 
8,321

 
11,303

 
16,764

Amortization of lease premiums, discounts and incentives
(6,404
)
 
(5,345
)
 
(12,100
)
 
(11,056
)
Maintenance revenue
72,168

 
26,567

 
118,720

 
42,968

Total lease revenue
242,681

 
222,366

 
489,223

 
422,733

Gain (loss) on sale of flight equipment
(279
)
 
346

 
26,770

 
12,348

Other revenue
13,050

 
704

 
21,957

 
2,262

Total revenues
255,452

 
223,416

 
537,950

 
437,343

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
88,117

 
89,578

 
177,822

 
174,313

Interest, net
56,226

 
66,377

 
117,733

 
129,840

Selling, general and administrative (including non-cash share-based payment expense of $0 and $3,177 for the three months ended, and $38,727 and $5,903 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively)
13,564

 
18,317

 
75,946

 
36,317

Impairment of flight equipment
280,088

 
7,404

 
342,745

 
7,404

Maintenance and other costs
4,241

 
5,213

 
8,997

 
12,617

Total operating expenses
442,236

 
186,889

 
723,243

 
360,491

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(65
)
 

 
(4,020
)
 

Merger expenses
(220
)
 

 
(32,430
)
 

Other
1

 
(1,910
)
 
(111
)
 
(3,971
)
Total other expense
(284
)
 
(1,910
)
 
(36,561
)
 
(3,971
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and earnings of unconsolidated equity method investments
(187,068
)
 
34,617

 
(221,854
)
 
72,881

Income tax provision
4,671

 
5,992

 
4,820

 
9,090

Earnings of unconsolidated equity method investments, net of tax
762

 
2,487

 
1,476

 
2,131

Net income (loss)
$
(190,977
)
 
$
31,112

 
$
(225,198
)
 
$
65,922

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net derivative loss reclassified into earnings

 

 

 
184

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 
184

Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
(190,977
)
 
$
31,112

 
$
(225,198
)
 
$
66,106


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
(225,198
)
 
$
65,922

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash and restricted cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
177,822

 
174,313

Amortization of deferred financing costs
6,840

 
6,958

Amortization of lease premiums, discounts and incentives
12,100

 
11,056

Deferred income taxes
1,479

 
7,957

Non-cash share-based payment expense
38,727

 
5,903

Collections on net investment in leases
11,861

 
10,971

Security deposits and maintenance payments included in earnings
(129,349
)
 
(24,162
)
Gain on sale of flight equipment
(26,770
)
 
(12,348
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
4,020

 

Impairment of flight equipment
342,745

 
7,404

Provision for credit losses
4,801

 

Other
(1,300
)
 
393

Changes in certain assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(54,404
)
 
(7,899
)
Other assets
(52,990
)
 
3,582

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
(13,981
)
 
(11,619
)
Lease rentals received in advance
(33,064
)
 
7,181

Net cash and restricted cash provided by operating activities
63,339

 
245,612

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition and improvement of flight equipment
(52,419
)
 
(660,723
)
Proceeds from sale of flight equipment
155,560

 
56,924

Aircraft purchase deposits and progress payments, net of returned deposits and aircraft sales deposits
(10,212
)
 
18,054

Unconsolidated equity method investments and associated costs

 
(7,551
)
Other
(508
)
 
2,241

Net cash and restricted cash provided by (used in) investing activities
92,421

 
(591,055
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Repurchase of shares
(27,906
)
 
(14,288
)
Parent contribution at Merger
25,536

 

Proceeds from secured and unsecured debt financings
650,000

 
1,841,848

Repayments of secured and unsecured debt financings
(608,189
)
 
(1,105,353
)
Debt extinguishment costs
(2,750
)
 

Deferred financing costs

 
(12,165
)
Security deposits and maintenance payments received
49,824

 
92,514

Security deposits and maintenance payments returned
(49,307
)
 
(64,788
)
Dividends paid
(24,025
)
 
(45,054
)
Net cash and restricted cash provided by financing activities
13,183

 
692,714

Net increase in cash and restricted cash:
168,943

 
347,271

Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period
155,443

 
167,853

 
 
 
 
Cash and restricted cash at end of period
$
324,386

 
$
515,124


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Continued)
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2020
 
2019
Reconciliation to Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
319,032

 
$
500,373

Restricted cash and cash equivalents
5,354

 
14,751

 
 
 
 
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents
$
324,386

 
$
515,124

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
116,546

 
$
121,523

Cash paid for income taxes
$
144

 
$
115

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
Advance lease rentals, security deposits, maintenance payments, other liabilities and other assets assumed in asset acquisitions
$
37,742

 
$
35,889

Advance lease rentals, security deposits, maintenance payments, other liabilities and other assets settled in sale of flight equipment
$
16,480

 
$
10,938

Transfers from flight equipment held for lease to Net investment in leases and Other assets
$
28,916

 
$
59,185


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity
(Dollars in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Common Shares
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance, December 31, 2019
75,122,129

 
$
751

 
$
1,446,664

 
$
605,269

 
$

 
$
2,052,684

Issuance of common shares to directors and employees
28,568

 
1

 
(1
)
 

 

 

Repurchase of common shares from stockholders, directors and employees
(73,903
)
 
(1
)
 
(2,369
)
 

 

 
(2,370
)
Amortization of share-based payments

 

 
38,727

 

 

 
38,727

Reclassification of prior year director stock award liability

 

 
2,005

 

 

 
2,005

Dividends declared

 

 

 
(24,025
)
 

 
(24,025
)
Net loss

 

 

 
(34,221
)
 

 
(34,221
)
Adoption of accounting standard

 

 

 
(6,210
)
 

 
(6,210
)
Payment of unvested shares at Merger
(101,809
)
 
(1
)
 
(25,535
)
 

 

 
(25,536
)
Parent contribution at Merger

 

 
25,536

 

 

 
25,536

Share cancellation and re-issuance at Merger
(74,960,937
)
 
(750
)
 
750

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2020
14,048

 
$

 
$
1,485,777

 
$
540,813

 
$

 
$
2,026,590

Net loss

 

 

 
(190,977
)
 

 
(190,977
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2020
14,048

 
$

 
$
1,485,777

 
$
349,836

 
$

 
$
1,835,613

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
 
Common Shares
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
75,454,511

 
$
754

 
$
1,468,779

 
$
539,332

 
$
(184
)
 
$
2,008,681

Issuance of common shares to directors and employees
276,923

 
3

 
(3
)
 

 

 

Repurchase of common shares from stockholders, directors and employees
(653,796
)
 
(6
)
 
(11,418
)
 

 

 
(11,424
)
Amortization of share-based payments

 

 
2,410

 

 

 
2,410

Reclassification of prior year director stock award liability

 

 
796

 

 

 
796

Dividends declared

 

 

 
(22,518
)
 

 
(22,518
)
Net income

 

 

 
34,810

 

 
34,810

Net derivative loss reclassified into earnings

 

 

 

 
184

 
184

Balance, March 31, 2019
75,077,638

 
$
751

 
$
1,460,564

 
$
551,624

 
$

 
$
2,012,939

Issuance of common shares to directors and employees
35,000

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase of common shares from stockholders, directors and employees
(129,524
)
 
(1
)
 
(2,863
)
 

 

 
(2,864
)
Amortization of share-based payments

 

 
2,833

 

 

 
2,833

Dividends declared

 

 

 
(22,536
)
 

 
(22,536
)
Net income

 

 

 
31,112

 

 
31,112

Balance, June 30, 2019
74,983,114

 
$
750

 
$
1,460,534

 
$
560,200

 
$

 
$
2,021,484



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.


7

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020


Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Organization and Basis of Presentation
Aircastle Limited (“Aircastle,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) is a Bermuda exempted company that was incorporated on October 29, 2004 under the provisions of Section 14 of the Companies Act of 1981 of Bermuda. Aircastle’s business is acquiring, leasing, managing and selling commercial jet aircraft.
On March 27, 2020, the Company successfully completed its merger (the “Merger”) and is now controlled by affiliates of Marubeni Corporation and Mizuho Leasing Company, Limited (“Mizuho Leasing”).
Aircastle is a holding company that conducts its business through subsidiaries. Aircastle directly or indirectly owns all of the outstanding common shares of its subsidiaries. The consolidated financial statements presented are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). The Company manages, analyzes and reports on its business and results of operations on the basis of one operating segment: leasing, financing, selling and managing commercial flight equipment. Our Chief Executive Officer is the chief operating decision maker.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial reporting and, in our opinion, reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring items, which are necessary to present fairly the results for interim periods. Operating results for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC; however, we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (“ASC 326”). The standard applies to entities holding financial assets and net investments in leases that are not accounted for at fair value through net income. The standard affect loans, debt securities, trade receivables, net investments in leases, off-balance-sheet credit exposures, reinsurance receivables, and other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash. Net investment in leases comprised the Company’s financial asset principally affected by the standard. Operating lease receivables are not within the scope of ASC 326.
Upon the Company’s adoption of ASC 326, our net investment in leases was recorded in the consolidated financial statements net of an allowance for credit losses. This allowance for credit losses reflects the Company’s estimate of lessee default probabilities and loss given default percentages. The estimate of expected credit losses considers relevant information about past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of reported amounts. Our allowance also considers the potential loss due to non-credit risk related to unguaranteed residual values. We adopted the standard using the “modified retrospective” approach with a January 1, 2020 adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted, the FASB Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The standard modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements as part of its disclosure framework project. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the FASB ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other- Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40), Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract. The standard requires a customer in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract to follow the internal-use-software guidance in ASC 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as assets or expense as incurred. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial

8

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

statements or related disclosures.
Effective January 1, 2020, the Company adopted the FASB ASU No. 2018-17, Consolidation (Topic 810), Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities. The standard changes how all entities evaluate decision-making fees under the variable interest entity guidance. The standard is applied retrospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings at the beginning of the earliest period presented. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.
The Company’s management has reviewed and evaluated all events or transactions for potential recognition and/or disclosure subsequent to the balance sheet date of June 30, 2020, through the date on which the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-Q were issued.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Aircastle and all its subsidiaries. Aircastle consolidates two Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) of which Aircastle is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
We consolidate VIEs in which we have determined that we are the primary beneficiary. We use judgment when deciding: (a) whether an entity is subject to consolidation as a VIE; (b) who the variable interest holders are; (c) the potential expected losses and residual returns of the variable interest holders; and (d) which variable interest holder is the primary beneficiary. When determining which enterprise is the primary beneficiary, we consider: (1) the entity’s purpose and design; (2) which variable interest holder has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance; and (3) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. When certain events occur, we reconsider whether we are the primary beneficiary of VIEs. We do not reconsider whether we are a primary beneficiary solely because of operating losses incurred by an entity.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. While Aircastle believes the estimates and related assumptions used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements are appropriate, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Lease Revenue Recognition
We lease flight equipment under net operating leases with lease terms typically ranging from three to seven years. We generally do not offer renewal terms or purchase options in our leases, although certain of our operating leases allow the lessee the option to extend the lease for an additional term. Operating leases with fixed rentals and step rentals are recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the initial lease, assuming no renewals. Operating lease rentals that adjust based on a London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) index are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term using the prevailing rate at lease commencement. Changes to rate-based lease rentals are recognized in the statements of income (loss) in the period of change.
In certain instances, we may provide lease concessions to customers, generally in the form of lease rental deferrals. While these deferral arrangements affect the timing of lease rental payments, the total amount of lease rental payments required over the lease term is generally the same as that which was required under the original lease agreement. We account for the deferrals as if no modifications to the lease agreements were made and record the deferred rentals as a receivable within Other assets in our consolidated balance sheet.
If we determine that the collectability of rental payments is no longer probable (including any deferral thereof), we recognize lease rental revenue using a cash basis of accounting rather than an accrual method. In the period we conclude that collection of lease payments is no longer probable, we recognize any difference between revenue amounts recognized to date under the accrual method and payments that have been collected from the lessee, including security deposit amounts held, as a current period adjustment to lease rental revenue.

9

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

The COVID-19 virus has had an unprecedented negative impact on the global economy, and in particular on the aviation sector. There has been a dramatic slowdown in air traffic, with many markets in near complete shutdown. According to the International Air Transport Association (“IATA”), as of mid-June 2020, air travel is down to approximately 30% of normal levels and a full recovery to pre-pandemic levels is not expected for several years. Substantially all the world’s airlines are experiencing financial difficulties and liquidity challenges. While we believe the long-term demand for air travel will return to historical trends over time, the near-term impacts of the COVID-19 virus’ economic shock are material; the extent and duration of which cannot currently be determined.
Airlines have been seeking to preserve liquidity through a combination of requesting government support, raising debt and equity, delaying or canceling new aircraft orders, furloughing employees, as well as requesting deferrals from lessors. We have agreed to defer near-term lease payments with certain of our airline customers, which they are obliged to repay over time. As of August 1, 2020, we have agreed to defer approximately $99,000 in near-term lease payments, including $61,209 that appear in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as components of Accounts receivable, Net investment in leases, or Other assets as of June 30, 2020. This represents approximately 12% of Lease rental and Direct financing and sales-type lease revenues for the twelve months ended June 30, 2020. Deferrals have been agreed to with 40 airlines, representing 50% of our customer base, and for an average deferral of four months of lease rentals. In a limited number of situations, we have agreed to broader restructurings of contractual terms, for example obtaining better security packages, term extensions, or other valuable considerations in exchange for short-term economic concessions.
If air traffic remains depressed over an extended period and if our customers are unable to obtain sufficient funds from private, governmental or other sources, we may need to grant additional deferrals to our customers or extend the periods of repayment for deferrals we have already made. We may ultimately not be able to collect all the amounts we have deferred.
As of August 1, 2020, six of our customers entered judicial insolvency proceedings. We lease 21 aircraft to these customers, which comprise 12% of our net book value of flight equipment (including Flight equipment held for lease and Net investment in leases, or “net book value”) and 11% of our Lease rental revenue as of and for the twelve months ended June 30, 2020. One of these is LATAM, our second largest customer, which represents 7% of our net book value of flight equipment and 7% of our Lease rental revenue as of and for the twelve months ended June 30, 2020. As of August 1, 2020, only one aircraft lease has been rejected in the various proceedings, but that number may increase as the judicial processes advance. Based on historic experience, the judicial process can take anywhere from twelve months up to eighteen months to be resolved. We are actively engaged in the various judicial procedures to protect our economic interests. As a result of these proceedings, the recognition of lease rental revenue for certain customers may be done on a cash basis of accounting rather than the accrual method depending on the customers lease security arrangements.
Impairment of Flight Equipment
We perform a recoverability assessment of all aircraft in our fleet, on an aircraft-by-aircraft basis annually during the second quarter. In addition, a recoverability assessment is performed whenever events or changes in circumstances, or indicators, suggest that the carrying amount or net book value of an asset may not be recoverable. Indicators may include, but are not limited to, a significant lease restructuring or early lease termination, significant change in aircraft model’s storage levels, the introduction of newer technology aircraft or engines, an aircraft type is no longer in production or a significant airworthiness directive is issued. When we perform a recoverability assessment, we measure whether the estimated future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the aircraft exceed its net book value. The undiscounted cash flows consist of cash flows from currently contracted lease rental and maintenance payments, future projected lease rates, transition costs, estimated down time, estimated residual or scrap values for an aircraft, economic conditions and other factors. In the event that an aircraft does not meet the recoverability test, the aircraft will be adjusted to fair value, resulting in an impairment charge. See Note 2 – Fair Value Measurements.
Management develops the assumptions used in the recoverability analysis based on current and future expectations of the global demand for a particular aircraft type and historical experience in the aircraft leasing market and aviation industry, as well as information received from third party industry sources. The factors considered in estimating the undiscounted cash flows are impacted by changes in future periods due to changes in projected lease rental and maintenance payments, residual values, economic conditions, technology, airline demand for a particular aircraft type and other factors.

10

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

We are closely monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 virus on our customers, air traffic, lease rental rates, and aircraft valuations, and will perform additional customer and aircraft specific reviews should changes in facts and circumstances arise that may impact the recoverability of our aircraft.  We will focus on our customers that have entered judicial insolvency proceedings and any additional customers that may become subject to similar-type proceedings, aircraft with near-term lease expirations, and certain aircraft variants that are more susceptible to the impact of COVID-19 and value deteriorations.
Net Investment in Leases
If a lease meets specific criteria at lease commencement or at the effective date of a lease modification, we recognize the lease as a direct financing or sales-type lease. The net investment in direct financing and sales-type leases consists of the lease receivable, estimated unguaranteed residual value of the lease flight equipment at lease-end and, for direct financing leases, deferred selling profit. For sales-type leases, we recognize the difference between the net book value of the aircraft and the net investment in the lease as a gain or loss on sale of flight equipment. Selling profit on a direct financing lease is deferred and amortized over the lease term, and a selling loss is recognized at lease commencement. Interest income on our net investment in leases is recognized as Direct financing and sales-type leases revenue over the lease term in a manner that produces a constant rate of return on the net investment in the lease.
The net investment in leases is recorded in the consolidated financial statements net of an allowance for credit losses. The allowance for credit losses is recorded upon the initial recognition of the net investment in the lease based on the Company’s estimate of expected credit losses over the lease term. The allowance reflects the Company’s estimate of lessee default probabilities and loss given default percentages. When determining the credit loss allowance, we consider relevant information about past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the net investment in the lease. The allowance also considers potential losses due to non-credit risk related to unguaranteed residual values. A provision for credit losses is recorded as a component of Selling, general, and administrative expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) to adjust the allowance for changes to management’s estimate of expected credit losses.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. The standard applies to entities that have contracts, such as debt agreements, lease agreements or derivative instruments, which reference LIBOR or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. Entities can elect not to apply certain modification accounting requirements for contract modifications that replace a reference rate affected by reference rate reform. If elected, such contracts are accounted for as a continuation of the existing contract and no reassessments or re-measurements are required. The standard is effective for all entities from March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022 and does not apply to contract modifications made after December 31, 2022. We have not adopted ASC 848 for this interim period and are currently evaluating the election available to us under the standard and the impact it may have on our financial statements.
In April 2020, the FASB Staff issued a question-and-answer document (the “Q&A”) regarding accounting for lease concessions related to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Q&A provides that entities may elect to apply or not apply the lease modification guidance in ASC 842, “Leases”, for lease concessions provided by lessors as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company has elected not to apply the lease modification guidance in ASC 842 for such lease concessions – see “Lease Revenue Recognition” above.
Note 2. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value measurements and disclosures require the use of valuation techniques to measure fair value that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize use of unobservable inputs. These inputs are prioritized as follows:
Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities or market corroborated inputs.

11

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

Level 3: Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data and which require us to develop our own assumptions about how market participants price the asset or liability.
The valuation techniques that may be used to measure fair value are as follows:
The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.
The income approach uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based on current market expectation about those future amounts.
The cost approach is based on the amount that currently would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost).
The following tables set forth our financial assets as of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy. Assets measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to their fair value measurement.
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at June 30, 2020
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Fair Value as of June 30, 2020
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation
Technique
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
319,032

 
$
319,032

 
$

 
$

 
Market
Restricted cash and cash equivalents
5,354

 
5,354

 

 

 
Market
Derivative assets
2

 

 
2

 

 
Market
Total
$
324,388

 
$
324,386

 
$
2

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2019
Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Fair Value as of December 31, 2019
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation
Technique
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
140,882

 
$
140,882

 
$

 
$

 
Market
Restricted cash and cash equivalents
14,561

 
14,561

 

 

 
Market
Derivative assets
115

 

 
115

 

 
Market
Total
$
155,558

 
$
155,443

 
$
115

 
$

 
 

Our cash and cash equivalents, along with our restricted cash and cash equivalents balances, consist largely of money market securities that are highly liquid and easily tradable. These securities are valued using inputs observable in active markets for identical securities and are therefore classified as Level 1 within our fair value hierarchy. Our interest rate derivative included in Level 2 consists of a United States dollar-denominated interest rate cap, and its fair value is based on the market comparisons for similar instruments. We also considered the credit rating and risk of the counterparty providing the interest rate cap based on quantitative and qualitative factors.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2019, we had no transfers into or out of Level 3.
We measure the fair value of certain assets and liabilities on a non-recurring basis, when U.S. GAAP requires the application of fair value, including events or changes in circumstances that indicate that the carrying amounts of assets may

12

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

not be recoverable. Assets subject to these measurements include our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures and aircraft. We record aircraft at fair value when we determine the carrying value may not be recoverable. Fair value measurements for aircraft in impairment tests are based on the average of the market approach that uses Level 2 inputs, which include third party appraisal data and an income approach that uses Level 3 inputs, which include the Company’s assumptions and appraisal data as to future cash proceeds from leasing and selling aircraft discounted using the Company’s weighted average cost of capital.
We account for our investment in unconsolidated joint ventures under the equity method of accounting. Investments are recorded at cost and are adjusted by undistributed earnings and losses and the distributions of dividends and capital. These investments are also reviewed for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate the fair value is less than its carrying value and the decline is other-than-temporary.
Aircraft Valuation
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded impairment charges related to twenty aircraft due to scheduled lease expirations, early lease terminations, lessee defaults and/or protective filings, or as a result of our annual recoverability assessment conducted during the second quarter of 2020. These twenty aircraft were comprised of eleven narrow-body and nine wide-body aircraft. The Company recorded impairment charges totaling $342,745 and recognized $136,236 of maintenance reserves, security deposits and lease rentals received in advance into revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2020 – refer to the sections below for additional details.
Transactional Impairments
In February 2020, the Company initiated a process to accept the redelivery of four wide-body aircraft prior to their scheduled lease expirations due to a lessee default.  As a result, the Company recorded impairment charges of $62,657 and recognized $38,804 of maintenance revenue, $8,740 of security deposits, and $5,863 of lease rentals received in advance into revenue during the first quarter of 2020.
During the second quarter, the Company recorded impairment charges totaling $77,298 related to eleven aircraft due to the scheduled lease expirations of one narrow-body aircraft and one wide-body aircraft, as well as the early terminations of nine narrow-body aircraft. The Company recognized $69,995 of maintenance revenue and $12,834 of security deposits into revenue related to these eleven aircraft during the second quarter of 2020.
During the second quarter, six of our customers filed for bankruptcy protection. As a result, the Company reviewed the related aircraft for recoverability and recorded impairment charges of $159,750 during the second quarter of 2020 related to three wide-body aircraft.
Annual Recoverability Assessment
We completed our annual recoverability assessment of our aircraft in the second quarter of 2020. In addition to the transactional impairments discussed above, we recorded impairment charges totaling $43,040 related to one narrow-body and one wide-body aircraft as a result of our annual recoverability assessment. Although we have completed our annual recoverability assessment, we will continue to monitor the developments of the COVID-19 virus throughout the remainder of the year. We will closely monitor the impact of the virus on our customers, air traffic, lease rental rates, and aircraft valuations, and will perform additional customer and aircraft specific reviews should changes in facts and circumstances arise that may impact the recoverability of our aircraft. We will focus on our customers that have entered judicial insolvency proceedings and any additional customers that may become subject to similar-type proceedings, aircraft with near-term lease expirations, and certain aircraft variants that are more susceptible to the impact of COVID-19 and value deteriorations.
The recoverability assessment is a comparison of the carrying value of each aircraft to its undiscounted expected future cash flows. We develop the assumptions used in the recoverability assessment, including those relating to current and future demand for each aircraft type, based on management’s experience in the aircraft leasing industry, as well as information received from third-party sources. Estimates of the undiscounted cash flows for each aircraft type are impacted by changes in contracted and future expected lease rates, residual values, expected scrap values, economic conditions and other factors.

13

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

If our estimates or assumptions change, we may revise our cash flow assumptions and record future impairment charges. While we believe that the estimates and related assumptions used in the annual recoverability assessment are appropriate, actual results could differ from those estimates.
Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments, other than cash, consist principally of cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, amounts borrowed under financings and interest rate derivatives. The fair value of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates the carrying value of these financial instruments because of their short-term nature.
The fair value of our senior notes is estimated using quoted market prices. The fair values of all our other financings are estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis, based on our current incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements.
The carrying amounts and fair values of our financial instruments at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were as follows:
 
June 30, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
Carrying  Amount
of Liability
 
Fair Value
of Liability
 
Carrying
Amount
of Liability
 
Fair Value
of Liability
Credit Facilities
$
650,000

 
$
636,118

 
$
150,000

 
$
150,000

Unsecured Term Loan
215,000

 
208,985

 
215,000

 
215,000

ECA Financings
45,443

 
47,660

 
147,644

 
150,805

Bank Financings
937,605

 
935,547

 
993,593

 
1,010,482

Senior Notes
3,300,000

 
3,193,612

 
3,600,000

 
3,787,268


All our financial instruments are classified as Level 2 with the exception of our Senior Notes, which are classified as Level 1.
Note 3. Lease Rental Revenues and Flight Equipment Held for Lease
Minimum future annual lease rentals contracted to be received under our existing operating leases of flight equipment at June 30, 2020 were as follows:
Year Ending December 31,
 
Amount(1)
Remainder of 2020
 
$
391,123

2021
 
665,509

2022
 
582,359

2023
 
502,207

2024
 
390,977

Thereafter
 
460,916

Total
 
$
2,993,091


_______________
(1)
Reflects impact of lessee lease rental deferrals.





14

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
June 30, 2020

Geographic concentration of lease rental revenue earned from flight equipment held for lease was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
Region
2020