10-Q 1 bbby-20220528.htm 10-Q bbby-20220528
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________________ 
 
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended May 28, 2022
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________

 Commission File Number 0-20214
 
BED BATH & BEYOND INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New York 11-2250488
(State of incorporation) (IRS Employer Identification No.)
650 Liberty Avenue, Union, New Jersey 07083
(Address of principal executive offices)    (Zip Code)
 
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (908) 688-0888
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $.01 par valueBBBYThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ☒
 
Number of shares outstanding of the issuer's Common Stock:
Class Outstanding at May 28, 2022
Common Stock - $0.01 par value 79,957,649



BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

INDEX 
   
   
 
   
 
   
 
  
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 
   
 

-2-



BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
May 28, 2022February 26, 2022
Assets(unaudited) 
Current assets:  
    Cash and cash equivalents$107,543 $439,496 
    Merchandise inventories1,759,586 1,725,410 
    Prepaid expenses and other current assets190,179 198,248 
        Total current assets2,057,308 2,363,154 
Long-term investment securities18,983 19,212 
Property and equipment, net1,119,247 1,027,387 
Operating lease assets1,597,461 1,562,857 
Other assets156,103 157,962 
Total assets$4,949,102 $5,130,572 
Liabilities and Shareholders' (Deficit) Equity  
Current liabilities:  
    Accounts payable$816,578 $872,445 
    Accrued expenses and other current liabilities549,754 529,371 
    Merchandise credit and gift card liabilities325,232 326,465 
    Current operating lease liabilities334,891 346,506 
        Total current liabilities2,026,455 2,074,787 
Other liabilities111,085 102,438 
Operating lease liabilities1,561,870 1,508,002 
Income taxes payable90,120 91,424 
Long-term debt1,379,870 1,179,776 
        Total liabilities5,169,400 4,956,427 
Shareholders' (deficit) equity:  
Preferred stock - $0.01 par value; authorized - 1,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding
  
Common stock - $0.01 par value; authorized - 900,000 shares; issued 344,621 and 344,146, respectively; outstanding 79,958 and 81,979 shares, respectively
3,446 3,441 
Additional paid-in capital
2,243,378 2,235,894 
Retained earnings
9,308,530 9,666,091 
Treasury stock, at cost; 264,663 and 262,167 shares, respectively
(11,728,295)(11,685,267)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(47,357)(46,014)
        Total shareholders' (deficit) equity(220,298)174,145 
        Total liabilities and shareholders' (deficit) equity$4,949,102 $5,130,572 
 See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
-3-

BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended
May 28, 2022May 29, 2021
Net sales$1,463,418 $1,953,812 
Cost of sales1,114,106 1,320,118 
    Gross profit349,312 633,694 
Selling, general and administrative expenses637,508 658,762 
Impairments26,699 9,129 
Restructuring and transformation initiative expenses24,263 33,686 
Loss on sale of businesses 3,989 
    Operating loss(339,158)(71,872)
Interest expense, net16,448 16,000 
Loss on extinguishment of debt 265 
    Loss before provision (benefit) for income taxes(355,606)(88,137)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes2,060 (37,263)
Net loss$(357,666)$(50,874)
Net loss per share - Basic$(4.49)$(0.48)
Net loss per share - Diluted$(4.49)$(0.48)
Weighted average shares outstanding - Basic79,611 106,772 
Weighted average shares outstanding - Diluted79,611 106,772 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
-4-

BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands, unaudited)

 
 Three Months Ended
May 28, 2022May 29, 2021
Net loss$(357,666)$(50,874)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Change in temporary impairment of auction rate securities, net of tax(229)(64)
    Currency translation adjustment(1,114)10,844 
Other comprehensive (loss) income(1,343)10,780 
Comprehensive loss$(359,009)$(40,094)
 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
-5-

BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' (Deficit) Equity
(in thousands, unaudited)



Three Months Ended May 28, 2022
Common StockAdditional Paid-
in Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury StockAccumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at February 26, 2022344,146 $3,441 $2,235,894 $9,666,091 (262,167)$(11,685,267)$(46,014)$174,145 
Net loss—   (357,666)   (357,666)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax   —   (1,343)(1,343)
Dividends forfeited   105    105 
Forfeiture of restricted shares, net(38)— —      
Vesting of restricted stock units502 5 (5)     
Stock-based compensation expense, net  7,344     7,344 
Accelerated share repurchase program  —  — —   
Director fees paid in stock11  145  — —  145 
Repurchase of common stock, including fees    (2,496)(43,028) (43,028)
Balance at May 28, 2022344,621 $3,446 $2,243,378 $9,308,530 (264,663)$(11,728,295)$(47,357)$(220,298)


Three Months Ended May 29, 2021
Common StockAdditional Paid-
in Capital
Retained
Earnings
Treasury StockAccumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Total
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at February 27, 2021343,241 $3,432 $2,152,135 $10,225,253 (233,620)$(11,048,284)$(55,600)$1,276,936 
Net loss   (50,874)   (50,874)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax   —   10,780 10,780 
Dividends forfeited   277    277 
Issuance of restricted shares, net322 3 (3)     
Vesting of restricted stock units— — —      
Stock-based compensation expense, net  8,232     8,232 
Accelerated share repurchase program  47,550  (200)(47,550)  
Director fees paid in stock7  138  — —  138 
Repurchase of common stock, including fees    (5,237)(138,695) (138,695)
Balance at May 29, 2021343,570 $3,435 $2,208,052 $10,174,656 (239,057)$(11,234,529)$(44,820)$1,106,794 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
-6-

BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands, unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
May 28, 2022May 29, 2021
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:  
  Net loss$(357,666)$(50,874)
  Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:  
    Depreciation and amortization71,103 68,278 
    Impairments26,699 9,129 
    Stock-based compensation7,123 7,918 
    Deferred income taxes(2,299)(22,135)
    Loss on sale of businesses 3,989 
    Loss on debt extinguishment 265 
    Other590 (2,197)
    (Increase) decrease in assets:  
        Merchandise inventories(34,757)113,366 
        Other current assets7,971 78,544 
        Other assets(106)68 
    (Decrease) increase in liabilities:  
        Accounts payable (47,597)(102,201)
        Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(38,038)(129,327)
        Merchandise credit and gift card liabilities(1,176)(3,421)
        Income taxes payable(1,304)277 
        Operating lease assets and liabilities, net(13,096)3,125 
        Other liabilities(998)(3,545)
  Net cash used in operating activities(383,551)(28,741)
Cash Flows from Investing Activities:  
    Purchases of held-to-maturity investment securities (29,997)
    Capital expenditures(104,852)(73,521)
  Net cash used in investing activities(104,852)(103,518)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:  
    Borrowing of long-term debt200,000  
    Repayments of long-term debt (8,173)
    Repurchase of common stock, including fees(43,028)(138,695)
    Payment of dividends(271)(560)
  Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities156,701 (147,428)
  Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(251)6,117 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(331,953)(273,570)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:  
  Beginning of period470,884 1,407,224 
  End of period$138,931 $1,133,654 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
-7-

BED BATH & BEYOND INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
 
1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION
 
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared without audit. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring accruals and elimination of intercompany balances and transactions) necessary to present fairly the financial position of Bed Bath & Beyond Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022 (audited) and the results of its operations, shareholders' (deficit) equity, comprehensive loss, and cash flows for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021.
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements are presented in accordance with the requirements for Form 10-Q and consequently do not include all the disclosures normally required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Reference should be made to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 26, 2022 for additional disclosures, including a summary of the Company’s significant accounting policies, and to subsequently filed Form 8-Ks.

We account for our operations as one North American Retail reporting segment. Net sales outside of the U.S. for the Company were not material for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021. As the Company operates in the retail industry, its results of operations are affected by general economic conditions and consumer spending habits.
  
2) IMPACT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC
 
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic. During the first quarter of Fiscal 2020, the Company temporarily closed all of the Company's retail stores across the U.S. and Canada except for most stand-alone buybuy BABY and Harmon stores, subject to state and local regulations, with nearly all stores reopened by the end of the second quarter of Fiscal 2020. During portions of Fiscal 2021, a limited number of stores in Canada either closed temporarily or continued to operate under restrictions in compliance with local governmental orders. During the three months ended May 28, 2022, all of the Company's stores were operating without restriction subject to compliance with mask and vaccine requirements.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) was enacted in the United States, which provided for certain changes to tax laws, which impacted the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows. The Company implemented certain provisions of the CARES Act, such as deferring employer payroll taxes and utilizing the ability to carry back and deduct losses to offset prior income in previously filed tax returns. The Company deposited the full amount of deferred employer payroll taxes of $3.1 million by December 2021. During the three months ended May 29, 2021, under the CARES Act, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $15.6 million as a result of the Fiscal 2020 net operating losses that were carried back to prior years during which the federal tax rate was 35%.

During the three months ended May 29, 2021, the Company recorded credits of approximately $2.4 million as an offset to selling, general and administrative expenses as a result of the employee retention credits made available under the CARES Act for U.S. employees and under the Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy for Canadian employees.

Numerous uncertainties continue to surround the pandemic and its ultimate impact on the Company. Further discussion of the risks and uncertainties posed by the COVID-19 pandemic is disclosed in “Risk Factors” under Part II, Item 1A of this Form 10-Q and Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Fiscal 2021 Form 10-K.

3) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Sales are recognized upon purchase by customers at the Company’s retail stores or upon delivery for products purchased from its websites. The value of point-of-sale coupons and point-of-sale rebates that result in a reduction of the price paid by the customer are recorded as a reduction of sales. Shipping and handling fees that are billed to a customer in a sale transaction are recorded in sales. Taxes, such as sales tax, use tax and value added tax, are not included in sales.

Revenues from gift cards, gift certificates and merchandise credits are recognized when redeemed. Gift cards have no provisions for reduction in the value of unused card balances over defined time periods and have no expiration dates. For the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, the Company recognized net sales for gift card and merchandise credit redemptions of approximately $28.0 million and $30.3 million, respectively, which were included in merchandise credit and gift card liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet as of February 26, 2022 and February 27, 2021, respectively.
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Sales returns are provided for in the period that the related sales are recorded based on historical experience. Although the estimate for sales returns has not varied materially from historical provisions, actual experience could vary from historical experience in the future if the level of sales return activity changes materially. In the future, if the Company concludes that an adjustment is required due to material changes in the returns activity, the liability for estimated returns and the corresponding right of return asset will be adjusted accordingly. As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the Company recorded a liability for estimated returns of $22.1 million and $23.6 million, respectively, in accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and the corresponding right of return asset for merchandise of $14.1 million and $14.6 million, respectively, in prepaid expenses and other current assets.

The Company sells a wide assortment of domestics merchandise and home furnishings. Domestics merchandise includes categories such as bed linens and related items, bath items and kitchen textiles. Home furnishings include categories such as kitchen and tabletop items, fine tabletop, basic housewares, general home furnishings (including furniture and wall décor), consumables and certain juvenile products. Sales of domestics merchandise and home furnishings accounted for approximately 35.3% and 64.7% of net sales, respectively, for the three months ended May 28, 2022, and approximately 37.9% and 62.1% of net sales, respectively, for the three months ended May 29, 2021.

4) FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., "the exit price") in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the Company uses various valuation approaches, including quoted market prices and discounted cash flows. The hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on market data obtained from independent sources. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect a company’s judgment concerning the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available under the circumstances. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, an asset or liability must be classified in its entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the measurement of fair value. The fair value hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of inputs as follows:
Level 1 - Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments that the Company is able to access. Since valuations are based on quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these products does not entail a significant degree of judgment. 
Level 2 - Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for instruments that are similar, or quoted prices in markets that are not active for identical or similar instruments, and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.
Level 3 - Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.
The Company’s financial instruments include cash and cash equivalents, investment securities, accounts payable, short-term and long-term debt and certain other liabilities. The book value of the Company's financial instruments, excluding long-term debt, is representative of their fair values. The Company’s investment securities at May 28, 2022 consisted primarily of U.S. Treasury securities, which are stated at amortized cost and are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments (Level 1 valuation). As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the fair value of the Company’s senior unsecured notes was approximately $624.3 million and $956.0 million, respectively, which is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments (i.e., Level 1 valuation), compared with the carrying value of approximately $1.184 billion for May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022.
 
The Company does not have any financial assets utilizing Level 2 inputs. Financial assets utilizing Level 3 inputs included long-term investments in auction rate securities consisting of preferred shares of closed end municipal bond funds (see "Investment Securities," Note 6). 

5) CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Included in cash and cash equivalents are credit and debit card receivables from banks, which typically settle within five business days, of $44.7 million and $47.9 million as of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, respectively.

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As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the Company did not have any short-term restricted cash, and long-term restricted cash was $31.4 million, respectively, which was included in other long-term assets on the consolidated balance sheet.
 
6) INVESTMENT SECURITIES
  
As of both May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the Company’s long-term available-for-sale investment securities represented approximately $20.3 million par value of auction rate securities, less temporary valuation adjustments of approximately $1.3 million and $1.1 million, respectively. Since these valuation adjustments are deemed to be temporary, they are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of a related tax benefit, and did not affect the Company’s net earnings. The Company had no short-term available-for-sale investment securities as of May 28, 2022 or February 26, 2022.

7) IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
 
The Company reviews long-lived assets for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of these assets may exceed their current fair values. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to the estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset. For the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, the Company recorded $23.8 million and $7.0 million, respectively, of non-cash pre-tax impairment charges in impairments in its consolidated statement of operations for certain store-level assets, including leasehold improvements and operating lease assets. In the future, if events or market conditions affect the estimated fair value to the extent that a long-lived asset is impaired, the Company will adjust the carrying value of these long-lived assets in the period in which the impairment occurs.

8) PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, included in property and equipment, net is accumulated depreciation of approximately $1.9 billion and $1.8 billion, respectively, of which $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively, in accumulated depreciation relate to assets held under finance leases.

9) LEASES

The Company leases retail stores, distribution facilities, offices and equipment under agreements expiring at various dates through 2041. The leases provide for original lease terms that generally range from 10 to 15 years and most leases provide for a series of five year renewal options, often at increased rents, the exercise of which is at the Company’s sole discretion. Certain leases provide for contingent rents (which are based upon store sales exceeding stipulated amounts and are immaterial for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021), scheduled rent increases and renewal options. The Company is obligated under a majority of the leases to pay for taxes, insurance and common area maintenance charges.

The Company subleases certain real estate to unrelated third parties, which have all been classified as operating leases. The Company recognizes sublease income on a straight-line basis over the sublease term, which generally ranges from 5 to 10 years. Most sublease arrangements provide for a series of five-year renewal options, the exercise of which are at the Company's sole discretion.

The components of total lease cost for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, were as follows:
(in thousands)Statement of Operations LocationThree Months Ended
May 28,
2022
May 29,
2021
Operating lease costCost of sales and SG&A$102,974 $117,370 
Finance lease cost:
   Depreciation of propertySG&A110  
   Interest on lease liabilitiesInterest expense, net460  
Variable lease costCost of sales and SG&A32,316 35,507 
Sublease incomeSG&A(7,229)(13,851)
Total lease cost$128,631 $139,026 

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As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, assets and liabilities related to the Company’s leases were as follows:
(in thousands)Consolidated Balance Sheet LocationMay 28,
2022
February 26,
2022
Assets
Operating leasesOperating lease assets$1,597,461 $1,562,857 
Finance leasesProperty and equipment, net48,627 38,790 
Total lease assets$1,646,088 $1,601,647 
Liabilities
Current:
     Operating leasesCurrent operating lease liabilities$334,891 $346,506 
     Finance leasesAccrued expenses and other current liabilities2,494 2,494 
Noncurrent:
     Operating leasesOperating lease liabilities1,561,870 1,508,002 
     Finance leasesOther liabilities45,393 35,447 
Total lease liabilities$1,944,648 $1,892,449 

As of May 28, 2022, the Company’s lease liabilities mature as follows:
(in thousands)Operating LeasesFinance Leases
Fiscal Year:
Remainder of 2022$330,864 $5,906 
2023409,369 11,314 
2024358,086 11,314 
2025296,237 11,314 
2026226,840 11,314 
2027179,861 11,314 
Thereafter563,084 47,631 
Total lease payments$2,364,341 $110,107 
Less imputed interest(467,580)(62,220)
Present value of lease liabilities$1,896,761 $47,887 
At May 28, 2022, the Company has entered into two operating leases, which have not yet commenced, one of which is a regional distribution center expected to open in Fiscal 2023. The aggregate minimum rental payments over the term of the lease of approximately $58.8 million are not included in the above table.
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The Company’s lease terms and discount rates were as follows:

May 28, 2022February 26, 2022
Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)
     Operating leases7.0 years7.0 years
     Finance leases9.8 years10.0 years
Weighted-average discount rate
     Operating leases6.4 %6.0 %
     Finance leases8.3 %8.4 %

Other information with respect to the Company’s leases is as follows:
(in thousands)Three Months Ended
May 28,
2022
May 29,
2021
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
     Operating cash flows from operating leases$105,037 $115,788 
     Operating cash flows from finance leases113  
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities100,458 100,215 
Financing lease assets obtained in exchange for new financing lease liabilities9,947  

10) INCOME TAXES

The effective income tax rate for the three months ended May 28, 2022 was (0.6)% compared with 42.3% for the three months ended May 29, 2021. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended May 28, 2022 reflects the impact of a valuation allowance initially recorded in the third quarter of Fiscal 2021, discussed below. For the three months ended May 29, 2021, the effective tax rate included the impact of charges for restructuring and transformation initiatives, as well as, a benefit of $15.6 million resulting from an adjustment to the estimated net operating loss incurred in Fiscal 2020 which was carried back, under the provisions of the CARES Act, to a year in which the tax rate was 35%.

In assessing the recoverability of its deferred tax assets, the Company evaluates the available objective positive and negative evidence to estimate whether it is more likely than not that sufficient future taxable income will be generated to permit the use of existing deferred tax assets in each taxpaying jurisdiction. For any deferred tax asset in excess of the amount for which it is more likely than not that the Company will realize a benefit, the Company establishes a valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is a non-cash charge, and does not limit the Company's ability to utilize its deferred tax assets, including its ability to utilize tax loss and credit carryforward amounts, against future taxable income.

During the third quarter of Fiscal 2021, the Company concluded that, based on its evaluation of available objective positive and negative evidence, it was no longer more likely than not that its net U.S. federal and state deferred tax assets were recoverable. During the three months ended May 28, 2022, the Company determined that this conclusion continued to be appropriate. In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, the key assumptions used to determine positive and negative evidence included the Company’s cumulative taxable loss for the past three years, current trends related to actual taxable earnings or losses, and expected future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, as well as, timing and the cost of the Company's transformation initiatives and their expected associated benefits. As of both May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the total valuation allowance relative to U.S. federal and state deferred tax assets was $224.3 million.

As of both May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the Company had also recorded a valuation allowance of $25.2 million relative to the Company's Canadian net deferred tax asset, as the Company did not believe the deferred tax assets in that jurisdiction were more likely than not to be realized.

The amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable, and the associated valuation allowance, could be adjusted in a future period if estimates of future taxable income change or if objective negative evidence in the form of cumulative losses is no longer present and additional weight is given to subjective evidence, such as projections for future growth.

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During the three months ended May 28, 2022, the change in the gross amount of unrecognized tax benefits and accrued interest and penalties was not significant.

As of May 28, 2022, the Company operated in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Canada and Mexico and files income tax returns in the United States and various state, local and international jurisdictions. The Company is currently under examination by the Internal Revenue Service for the tax year 2017. The Company is open to examination for state, foreign and local jurisdictions with varying statutes of limitations, generally ranging from 3 to 5 years.

11) INDEFINITE-LIVED INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Included in other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, respectively, are $13.4 million and $16.3 million for indefinite-lived tradenames and trademarks.

The Company reviews intangibles that have indefinite lives for impairment annually as of the end of the fiscal year or when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of these assets might exceed their current fair values. Impairment testing is based upon the best information available including estimates of fair value which incorporate assumptions marketplace participants would use in making their estimates of fair value. Significant assumptions and estimates are required, including, but not limited to, projecting future cash flows, determining appropriate discount rates and terminal growth rates, and other assumptions, to estimate the fair value of indefinite-lived intangible assets. Although the Company believes the assumptions and estimates made are reasonable and appropriate, different assumptions and estimates could materially impact its reported financial results.

Indefinite-lived intangible assets were recorded as a result of acquisitions and primarily consist of tradenames. The Company values its tradenames using a relief-from-royalty approach, which assumes the value of the tradename is the discounted cash flows of the amount that would be paid by a hypothetical market participant had they not owned the tradename and instead licensed the tradename from another company. During the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, the Company completed a quantitative impairment analysis for certain of its indefinite-lived intangible assets, by comparing the fair value of the tradenames to their carrying value and recognized non-cash pre-tax tradename impairment charges of $2.9 million and $2.1 million, respectively, within impairments in its consolidated statements of operations. As of May 28, 2022, for the remaining indefinite-lived intangible assets, the Company assessed qualitative factors in order to determine whether any events and circumstances existed which indicated that it was more likely than not that the fair value of these indefinite-lived assets did not exceed their carrying values and concluded no such events or circumstances existed which would require an impairment test be performed. In the future, if events or market conditions affect the estimated fair value to the extent that an asset is impaired, the Company will adjust the carrying value of these assets in the period in which the impairment occurs.

12) LONG-TERM DEBT

Senior Unsecured Notes

On July 17, 2014, the Company issued $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.749% senior unsecured notes due August 1, 2024, $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.915% senior unsecured notes due August 1, 2034 and $900.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.165% senior unsecured notes due August 1, 2044 (collectively, the "Notes"). Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually on February 1 and August 1 of each year.

The Notes were issued under an indenture (the "Base Indenture"), as supplemented by a first supplemental indenture (together, with the Base Indenture, the "Indenture"), which contains various restrictive covenants, which are subject to important limitations and exceptions that are described in the Indenture. The Company was in compliance with all covenants related to the Notes as of May 28, 2022.

During the three months ended May 28, 2022, the Company did not purchase any of its outstanding unsecured notes and during the three months ended May 29, 2021, purchased approximately $7.9 million aggregate principal amount of its outstanding 3.749% senior unsecured notes due August 1, 2024. The total consideration paid for the notes accepted for purchase of $8.2 million during Fiscal 2021 included accrued and unpaid interest up to, but not including, the early settlement date. The Company recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of $0.3 million in its consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended May 29, 2021, including the write off of unamortized debt financing costs related to the extinguished portion of the notes accepted for purchase and reacquisition costs.

As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, unamortized deferred financing costs associated with the Company’s Notes were $4.5 million and $4.6 million, respectively, and are included in long-term debt in the Company's consolidated balance sheets.

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Asset-Based Credit Agreement

In the second quarter of Fiscal 2021, the Company amended its asset-based credit agreement (the “Amended Credit Agreement”) among the Company, certain of the Company’s U.S. and Canadian subsidiaries party thereto, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and collateral agent (in such capacity, the “Agent”), and the lenders party thereto. The Amended Credit Agreement provides for an asset-based revolving credit facility (the “ABL Facility”) with aggregate revolving commitments established at closing of $1.0 billion, including a swingline subfacility and a letter of credit subfacility. The Amended Credit Agreement has an uncommitted expansion feature which allows the borrowers to request, at any time following the delivery of an initial field exam and appraisal, an increase in aggregate revolving commitments under the ABL Facility or elect to enter into a first-in-last-out loan facility, collectively, in an aggregate amount of up to $375.0 million, subject to certain customary conditions. The Amended Credit Agreement matures on August 9, 2026.

The ABL Facility is secured on a first priority basis (subject to customary exceptions) on all accounts receivable (including credit card receivables), inventory, certain deposit accounts and securities accounts, and certain related assets, of the Company and its subsidiaries that are borrowers or guarantors under the ABL Facility. Amounts available to be drawn from time to time under the ABL Facility (including, in part, in the form of letters of credit) are equal to the lesser of (i) outstanding revolving commitments under the Amended Credit Agreement and (ii) a borrowing base equal to the sum of (a) 90% of eligible credit card receivables plus (b) 90% of eligible inventory, valued at the lower of cost or market value, determined on a weighted average cost basis, minus (c) customary reserves.

Subject to customary exceptions and restrictions, the Company may voluntarily repay outstanding amounts under the ABL Facility at any time without premium or penalty. Any voluntary prepayments made will not reduce commitments under the ABL Facility. If at any time the outstanding amount under the ABL Facility exceeds the lesser of (i) the aggregate revolving commitments and (ii) the borrowing base, the Company will be required to prepay outstanding amounts or cash collateralize letter of credit obligations under the ABL Facility.

Outstanding amounts under the Amended Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate per annum equal to, at the applicable borrower’s election: (i) in the case of loans denominated in U.S. dollars, such loans shall be comprised entirely of Alternate Base Rate ("ABR") loans and London Inter-Bank Offered ("LIBO") Rate loans and (ii) in the case of loans denominated in Canadian dollars, such loans shall be comprised entirely of Canadian Prime Rate loans and Canadian Dollar Offered Rate ("CDOR") loans, in each case as set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement, plus an interest rate margin based on average quarterly availability ranging from (i) in the case of ABR loans and Canadian Prime Rate loans, 0.25% to 0.75%; provided that if ABR or the Canadian Prime Rate is less than 1.00%, such rate shall be deemed to be 1.00%, as applicable, and (ii) in the case of LIBO Rate loans and CDOR Loans, 1.25% to 1.75%; provided that if the CDOR or LIBO Rate is less than 0.00%, such rate shall be deemed to be 0.00%, as applicable.

As of May 28, 2022, the Company had $200.0 million of borrowings outstanding under the ABL Facility, at a weighted average interest rate of 2.58%, and $102.3 million of outstanding letters of credit had been issued under the ABL Facility. Subsequent to the end of the first quarter of Fiscal 2022, the Company borrowed an additional $200.0 million under the ABL Facility for a total of $400.0 million of borrowings. The Company's borrowing under the ABL Facility have been and may be used for working capital, including inventory purposes, and other general corporate purposes.

The Amended Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties, events of default and financial, affirmative and negative covenants for facilities of this type, including but not limited to a springing financial covenant relating to a fixed charge coverage ratio, and restrictions on indebtedness, liens, investments and acquisitions, asset dispositions, restricted payments and prepayment of certain indebtedness. The Company was in compliance with all covenants related to the Amended Credit Agreement as of May 28, 2022.

As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, deferred financing costs associated with the Company's ABL Facility were $7.0 million and $7.4 million, respectively, and were recorded in other assets in the Company's consolidated balance sheets.
The Company amortizes deferred financing costs for the Notes and the ABL Facility over their respective terms and such amortization is included in interest expense, net in the consolidated statements of operations. Interest expense related to the Notes and the revolving credit facilities, including the commitment fee and the amortization of deferred financing costs, was approximately $16.4 million for both the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021.

13) SHAREHOLDERS' (DEFICIT) EQUITY
 
The Company has authorization to make repurchases of shares of the Company’s common stock from time to time in the open market or through other parameters approved by the Board of Directors pursuant to existing rules and regulations.

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Between December 2004 and April 2021, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized, through several share repurchase programs, the repurchase of up to $12.950 billion of the Company’s shares of common stock. The Company also acquires shares of its common stock to cover employee related taxes withheld on vested restricted stock, restricted stock units and performance stock unit awards. Since the initial authorization in December 2004, the aggregate total of common stock repurchased is approximately 264.7 million shares for a total cost of approximately $11.728 billion. The Company had approximately $1.224 billion remaining of authorized share repurchases as of May 28, 2022.

Decisions regarding share repurchases are within the discretion of the Board of Directors, and are influenced by a number of factors, including the price of the Company's common stock, general business and economic conditions, the Company's financial condition and operating results, the emergence of alternative investment or acquisition opportunities, changes in business strategy and other factors. The Company's share repurchase program could change, and could be influenced by several factors, including business and market conditions, such as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company reviews its alternatives with respect to its capital structure on an ongoing basis. Any future share repurchases will be subject to the determination of the Board of Directors, based on an evaluation of the Company's earnings, financial condition and requirements, business conditions and other factors, including the restrictions on share repurchases under the ABL Facility (see “Long-Term Debt,” Note 12).

In connection with its share repurchase program, during the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, the Company repurchased approximately 2.3 million and 4.9 million shares, respectively, of its common stock, at a total cost of approximately $40.4 million and $130.4 million, respectively, including fees. Additionally, during the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, the Company repurchased approximately 0.2 million and 0.3 million shares, respectively, of its common stock, to cover employee related taxes withheld on vested restricted stock, restricted stock unit awards and performance stock unit awards, at a total cost of approximately $2.6 million and $8.3 million, respectively.

In January 2021, the Company entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement to repurchase an aggregate $150.0 million of its common stock, subject to market conditions. This resulted in the repurchase of 5.0 million shares in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2020, and an additional 0.2 million shares received upon final settlement in the first quarter of Fiscal 2021.

During Fiscal 2016, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a quarterly dividend program. In March 2020, the Company suspended its future quarterly declarations of cash dividends as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. During the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, total cash dividends of $0.3 million and $0.6 million, respectively, were paid. Any future quarterly cash dividend payments on its common stock will be subject to the determination by the Board of Directors, based on evaluation of the Company’s earnings, financial condition and requirements, business conditions and other factors, including the restrictions on the payment of dividends contained in the Amended Credit Agreement (see “Long-Term Debt,” Note 12).

Cash dividends, if any, are accrued as a liability on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets and recorded as a decrease to retained earnings when declared.
 
14) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

The Company measures all stock-based compensation awards for employees and non-employee directors using a fair value method and records such expense, net of estimated forfeitures, in its consolidated financial statements. Currently, the Company’s stock-based compensation relates to restricted stock awards, restricted stock units ("RSUs") and performance stock units ("PSUs"). The Company’s restricted stock awards are considered nonvested share awards.

In May of 2022, the Company determined that the RSU awards issued under its incentive compensation plans in May of 2022 would be settled in cash, rather than in equity. As a result, the awards issued in May of 2022 will be accounted for as a liability and measured at their fair value through their respective vesting periods. Awards issued in the form of PSUs in May of 2022 will continue to be settled in Company stock and will be considered nonvested share awards.

Stock-based compensation expense and capitalized stock-based compensation cost for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021 were as follows:

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Three Months Ended
(in thousands)May 28, 2022May 29, 2021
Stock-based compensation expense:
Equity-classified share-settled awards$7,122.5 $7,918.5 
Liability-classified cash-settled awards143.2  
Total stock-based compensation expense$7,265.7 $7,918.5 
Capitalized stock-based compensation cost:
Equity-classified share-settled awards$220.7 $316.3 
Liability-classified cash-settled awards8.5  
Total capitalized stock-based compensation cost$229.2 $316.3 

Incentive Compensation Plans

The Company may grant awards under the Bed Bath & Beyond 2018 Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2018 Plan”) and the Bed Bath & Beyond 2012 Incentive Compensation Plan (the "2012 Plan"). The 2018 Plan includes an aggregate of 4.6 million shares of common stock authorized for issuance of awards permitted under the 2018 Plan, including stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, performance awards and other stock-based awards. The 2018 Plan supplements the 2012 Plan, which amended and restated the Bed Bath & Beyond 2004 Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2004 Plan”). The 2012 Plan includes an aggregate of 43.2 million common shares authorized for issuance of awards permitted under the 2012 Plan (similar to the 2018 Plan). Outstanding awards that were covered by the 2004 Plan continue to be in effect under the 2012 Plan.

The terms of the 2012 Plan and the 2018 Plan are substantially similar and enable the Company to offer incentive compensation through stock options (whether nonqualified stock options or incentive stock options), restricted stock awards, stock appreciation rights, performance awards and other stock-based awards, and cash-based awards. Grants are determined by the People, Culture, and Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company for those awards granted to executive officers and by the Board of Directors of the Company for awards granted to non-employee directors. Restricted stock awards generally become vested in five to seven equal annual installments beginning one to three years from the date of grant. Restricted stock units generally become vested in one to three equal annual installments beginning one year from the date of grant. Performance stock units generally vest at the end of the performance period dependent on the Company’s achievement of performance-based tests. Vesting of each of these types is subject, in general, to the recipient remaining in the Company’s service on specified vesting dates.

The Company generally issues new shares for restricted stock awards and vesting of restricted stock units settled in Company shares, as well as for vesting of performance stock units. The 2018 Plan expires in May 2028. The 2012 Plan expired in May 2022.

As described in further detail below, in Fiscal 2020 and 2019, the Company granted stock-based awards to certain of the Company’s new executive officers as inducements material to their commencement of employment and entry into an employment agreement with the Company. The inducement awards were made in accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(c)(4) and were not made under the 2012 Plan or the 2018 Plan.

Restricted Stock Awards

Restricted stock awards are issued and measured at fair market value on the date of grant and generally become vested in five to seven equal annual installments beginning one to three years from the date of grant, subject, in general, to the recipient remaining in the Company’s service on specified vesting dates. Vesting of restricted stock is based solely on time vesting. As of May 28, 2022, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of the Company’s restricted stock awards was $6.9 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.1 years.
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Changes in the Company’s restricted stock for the three months ended May 28, 2022 were as follows:
(Shares in thousands)Number of Restricted
Shares
Weighted Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value
Unvested restricted stock awards, beginning of period472 $32.38 
Granted  
Vested(144)39.68 
Forfeited(38)29.49 
Unvested restricted stock awards, end of period290 $29.13 
Restricted Stock Units ("RSUs")

RSUs are issued and measured at fair market value on the date of grant and generally become vested in one to three equal annual installments beginning one year from the date of grant, subject, in general, to the recipient remaining in the Company’s service on specified vesting dates. RSUs are converted into shares of common stock upon vesting. RSUs granted in May of 2022 will be settled in cash, rather than in equity, upon vesting. As of May 28, 2022, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of the Company’s share-settled RSUs was $25.9 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.8 years. As of May 28, 2022, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of the Company’s cash-settled RSUs was $13.7 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.9 years.

Changes in the Company’s RSUs for the three months ended May 28, 2022 were as follows:
Share-SettledCash-Settled
(Shares in thousands)Number of Restricted
Stock Units
Weighted Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value
Number of Restricted
Stock Units
Weighted Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value
Unvested restricted stock units, beginning of period2,600 $17.07 57 $23.44 
Granted42 21.43 1,503 10.54 
Vested(283)23.31   
Forfeited(35)24.47 (3)9.02 
Unvested restricted stock units, end of period2,324 $16.28 1,557 $11.02 
The liability for the cash-settled RSUs was approximately $0.4 million as of May 28, 2022, and is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet.

Performance Stock Units ("PSUs")

PSUs are issued and measured at fair market value on the date of grant using the following performance periods and performance metrics. The performance metrics generally include one or more of Earnings Before Interest and Taxes ("EBIT"), Total Shareholder Return ("TSR") or Gross Margin Percentage ("GM") compared with the Company's peer groups as determined by the Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors.
Fiscal YearPerformance PeriodPerformance MetricsTarget Achievement Range (%)
20203 yearsTSR
0% - 150%
20213 yearsTSR and GM
0% - 200%
20223 yearsTSR and GM
0% - 200%

For the PSUs granted in Fiscal 2019, the three year performance-based tests based on a combination of EBIT margin and TSR were not met in the first quarter of Fiscal 2022 and therefore, there was no payment of these awards following vesting.

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Vesting of PSUs awarded to certain of the Company’s executives is dependent on the Company’s achievement of a performance-based test from the date of grant, during the performance period and, assuming achievement of the performance-based test, vest at the end of the performance period noted above, subject, in general, to the executive remaining in the Company’s service on specified vesting dates. PSUs are converted into shares of common stock upon payment following vesting. Upon grant of the PSUs, the Company recognizes compensation expense related to these awards based on the Company’s estimate of the percentage of the award that will be achieved. The Company evaluates the estimate on these awards on a quarterly basis and adjusts compensation expense related to these awards, as appropriate. As of May 28, 2022, there was $25.4 million of unrecognized compensation expense associated with these awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.3 years.

The fair value of the PSUs granted in Fiscal 2022 and 2021, for which performance during the three-year period will be based on a relative three-year goal metric relative to a peer group as indicated above, was estimated on the date of the grant using a Monte Carlo simulation that uses the assumptions noted in the following table.
Three Months Ended
Monte Carlo Simulation AssumptionsMay 28, 2022May 29, 2021
Risk Free Interest Rate2.78 %0.28 %
Expected Dividend Yield % %
Expected Volatility53.90 %52.20 %
Expected Term3 years3 years

Changes in the Company’s PSUs for the three months ended May 28, 2022 were as follows:
(Shares in thousands)Number of Performance
Stock Units
Weighted Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value
Unvested performance stock units, beginning of period1,298 $19.55 
Granted1,006 11.83 
Vested  
Forfeited or performance condition adjustments(7)31.61 
Unvested performance stock units, end of period2,297 $16.13 

Inducement Awards

In Fiscal 2020 and 2019, the Company granted stock-based awards to certain of the Company’s new executive officers as inducements material to their commencement of employment and entry into an employment agreement with the Company. These inducement awards were approved by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company and did not require shareholder approval in accordance with Nasdaq Listing Rule 5635(c)(4). The Company did not grant any such awards during three months ended May 28, 2022.

RSUs granted as inducement awards are issued and measured at fair market value on the date of grant and generally become vested in one to three equal annual installments beginning one year from the date of grant, subject, in general, to the recipient remaining in the Company’s service on specified vesting dates. Inducement awards are generally subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as awards that are made under the 2018 Plan.

Changes in the RSUs granted as inducement awards for the three months ended May 28, 2022 were as follows:
(Shares in thousands)Number of Restricted
Stock Units
Weighted Average
Grant-Date Fair
Value
Unvested restricted stock units, beginning of period437 $6.10 
Granted  
Vested(218)6.09 
Forfeited  
Unvested restricted stock units, end of period219 $6.11 

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On November 4, 2019, in connection with the appointment of the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer, the Company also granted inducement awards consisting of 273,735 PSU awards, which are not included above. The PSUs vested over two years, based on performance goals requiring the President and CEO to prepare and deliver to the Board of Directors key objectives and goals for the Company and the strategies and initiatives for the achievement of such objectives and goals, and the President and CEO's provision of updates to the Board of Directors regarding achievement of such goals and objectives. Vesting of the PSUs was also subject, in general, to the President and CEO remaining in the Company’s service through the vesting date of November 4, 2021. On November 2, 2021, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors determined that the performance goals established for the awards had been met, and the awards vested in full.

Other than with respect to the vesting terms described above for the inducement awards to the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer, inducement awards are generally subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as awards that are made under the 2018 Plan.

As of May 28, 2022, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of the Company's inducement awards was $1.3 million and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.0 years. Each inducement award recipient must hold at least fifty percent (50%) of the after-tax shares of common stock received pursuant to the inducement awards until they have satisfied the terms of the Company’s stock ownership guidelines.

15) EARNINGS PER SHARE
 
The Company presents earnings per share on a basic and diluted basis. Basic earnings per share has been computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share has been computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of shares outstanding, including the dilutive effect of stock-based awards as calculated under the treasury stock method.
Stock-based awards for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021 of approximately 2.4 million and 3.3 million shares, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share as the effect would be anti-dilutive.

16) SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 
The Company paid income taxes of $2.2 million and $1.4 million in the first three months of Fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively. In addition, the Company made interest payments of approximately $1.3 million and $3.0 million in the first three months of Fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively.
In the first three months of Fiscal 2022, the Company acquired property, plant and equipment of approximately $9.9 million under finance lease arrangements.

The Company recorded an accrual for capital expenditures of $98.3 million and $49.7 million as of May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, respectively.

The Company's accrual for dividends payable was $0.5 million and $1.3 million as of May 28, 2022 and May 29, 2021, respectively.

17) RESTRUCTURING AND TRANSFORMATION INITIATIVE EXPENSES

Fiscal 2022 Restructuring and Transformation Initiative Expenses

The Company recorded $23.1 million in its consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended May 28, 2022 for costs associated with restructuring and other transformation initiatives, of which approximately a benefit of $1.2 million is included in cost of sales and approximately $24.3 million is included in restructuring and transformation initiative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations. The restructuring and transformation initiative expenses included $23.9 million of costs recorded in connection with other transformation initiatives, including technology transformation and business strategy and operating model transformation programs across core functions including merchandising, supply chain and finance.
Fiscal 2021 Restructuring and Transformation Initiative Expenses
The Company recorded $81.0 million in its consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended May 29, 2021 for costs associated with restructuring and other transformation initiatives, of which approximately $47.3 million is included in cost of sales and was related to the Company’s initiatives to introduce certain new Owned Brand merchandise. In connection with the launch of certain Owned Brands, the Company recorded this cost of sales adjustment to reduce inventory that will be removed from the product assortment as part of these introductions to its estimated realizable value. In addition to this charge,
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approximately $33.7 million is included in restructuring and transformation initiative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations and related to the following:
Store Closures. During the first quarter of Fiscal 2021, the Company closed 16 Bed Bath & Beyond stores as part of its store network optimization program and included the closure of 207 mostly Bed Bath & Beyond through the end of Fiscal 2021 (including the 144 stores closed in Fiscal 2020). For the three months ended May 29, 2021, the Company recorded costs associated with planned store closures for which the store closing process has commenced of approximately $18.8 million, consisting of lease-related and other costs.
Other transformation initiatives. $14.9 million related to other transformation initiatives, including technology transformation and business strategy and operating model transformation programs across core functions including merchandising, supply chain and finance.
As of May 28, 2022 and February 26, 2022, the remaining accrual for severance and related costs related to these various initiatives was $11.2 million and $15.0 million, respectively.

18) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

A putative securities class action was filed on April 14, 2020 against the Company and three of its officers and/or directors (Mark Tritton (the Company's former President and Chief Executive Officer), Mary Winston (the Company’s former Interim Chief Executive Officer) and Robyn D’Elia (the Company’s former Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer)) in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (the "New Jersey federal court"). The case, which is captioned Vitiello v. Bed Bath & Beyond Inc., et al., Case No. 2:20-cv-04240-MCA-MAH, asserts claims under §§ 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") on behalf of a putative class of purchasers of the Company’s securities from October 2, 2019 through February 11, 2020. The Complaint alleges that certain of the Company’s disclosures about financial performance and certain other public statements during the putative class period were materially false or misleading. A similar putative securities class action, asserting the same claims on behalf of the same putative class against the same defendants, was filed on April 30, 2020. That case, captioned Kirkland v. Bed Bath & Beyond Inc., et al., Case No. 1:20-cv-05339-MCA-MAH, is also pending in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey. On August 14, 2020, the court consolidated the two cases and appointed Kavin Bakhda as lead plaintiff pursuant to the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (as consolidated, the "Securities Class Action"). Lead plaintiff and additional named plaintiff Richard Lipka filed an Amended Class Action Complaint on October 20, 2020, on behalf of a putative class of purchasers of the Company’s securities from September 4, 2019 through February 11, 2020. Defendants moved to dismiss the Amended Complaint on December 21, 2020.

After a mediation held in August 2021, a settlement in principle was reached between the Company and lead plaintiff in the Securities Class Action. The settlement has been executed and was preliminarily approved by the New Jersey Federal Court in February 2022. The court granted final approval to the settlement and dismissed the Securities Class Action on June 2, 2022. The Company has recorded a liability for the Securities Class Action, based on the agreed settlement amount and insurance coverage available.

On July 10, 2020, the first of three related shareholder derivative actions was filed in the New Jersey federal court on behalf of the Company against various present and former directors and officers. The case, which is captioned Salu v. Tritton, et al., Case No. 2:20-cv-08673-MCA-MAH (D.N.J.), asserts claims under §§ 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and waste of corporate assets under state law arising from the events underlying the securities class actions described above and from the Company’s repurchases of its own shares during the class period pled in the securities cases. The two other derivative actions, which assert similar claims, are captioned Grooms v. Tritton, et al., Case No. 2:20-cv-09610-SDW-RDW (D.N.J.) (filed July 29, 2020), and Mantia v. Fleming, et al., Case No. 2:20-cv-09763-MCA-MAH (D.N.J.) (filed July 31, 2020). On August 5, 2020, the court signed a stipulation by the parties in the Salu case to stay that action pending disposition of a motion to dismiss in the Securities Class Action, subject to various terms outlined in the stipulation. The parties in all three derivative cases have moved to consolidate them and to apply the Salu stay of proceedings to all three actions. The court granted the motion on October 14, 2020, but the stay was subsequently lifted. On January 4, 2022, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss this case.

On August 28, 2020, another related shareholder derivative action, captioned Schneider v. Tritton, et al., Index No 516051/2020, was filed in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of Kings. The claims pled in the Schneider case are similar to those pled in the three federal derivative cases, except that the Schneider complaint does not plead claims under the Exchange Act. On September 21, 2020, the parties filed a stipulation seeking to stay that action pending disposition of a motion to dismiss in the securities class action, subject to various terms and conditions.

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On June 11, 2021, an additional related derivative action was filed on behalf of the Company against certain present and former directors and officers. This Complaint is entitled Michael Anthony v Mark Tritton et. al., Index No. 514167/2021 and was filed in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Kings County. The claims are substantially the same as in the other two derivative actions. On October 26, 2021, the court consolidated the Schneider and Anthony actions, and the plaintiffs subsequently filed a consolidated complaint. On January 10, 2022, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss this case.

The derivative cases were not included in the August 2021 settlement referred to above, but after mediation, a settlement in principle was reached in the first quarter of Fiscal 2022. The settlement has been executed and was preliminarily approved by the New York State Court in June 2022. The Notice of Pendency and Proposed Settlement of Derivative Matters, as well as the Stipulation of Settlement with its exhibits, can be found on the Investor Relations page of the Company’s website. If the settlement is granted final approval, all of the shareholder derivative actions will be fully resolved and the matters will be dismissed.

The District Attorney's office for the County of Ventura, together with District Attorneys for other counties in California (together, the "District Attorneys"), recently concluded an investigation regarding the management and disposal at the Company’s stores in California of certain materials that may be deemed hazardous or universal waste under California law. On March 19, 2019, the District Attorneys provided the Company with a settlement demand that included a proposed civil penalty, reimbursement of investigation costs, and certain injunctive relief, including modifications to the Company’s existing compliance program, which already includes associate training, ongoing review of disposal rules applicable to various product categories, and specialized third-party disposal. During Fiscal 2020, the Company and the District Attorneys agreed to final terms on a settlement payment of approximately $1.5 million to resolve the matter. The Company has also agreed to spend $171,000 over the next 36 months on refinements to its compliance program.  The Company and District Attorneys executed a Stipulated Judgment to this effect, which was recently filed with the court. As of February 29, 2020, the Company had recorded an accrual for the estimated probable loss for this matter, and the Company made the related settlement payment during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2020.

On April 21, 2019, Warren Eisenberg and Leonard Feinstein transitioned to the role of Co-Founders and Co-Chairmen Emeriti of the Board of Directors of the Company.  As a result of this transition, Mr. Eisenberg and Mr. Feinstein ceased to be officers of the Company effective as of April 21, 2019, and became entitled to the payments and benefits provided under their employment agreements that apply in the case of a termination without cause, which generally include continued senior status payments until May 2027 and continued participation for the Co-Founders (and their spouses, if applicable) at the Company’s expense in employee plans and programs. In addition, the Co-Founders remain entitled to supplemental pension payments specified in their employment agreements of $200,000 per year (as adjusted for a cost of living increase), until the death of the survivor of the applicable Co-Founder and his spouse, reduced by the continued senior status payments referenced above.

Pursuant to their respective restricted stock and performance stock unit agreements, shares of restricted stock and performance-based stock units granted to Messrs. Eisenberg and Feinstein vested upon their resignation as members of the Board of Directors effective May 1, 2019, subject, however, to attainment of any applicable performance goals and the certification of the applicable performance-based tests by the Compensation Committee, as provided under their award agreements.

The Company’s former Chief Executive Officer (the "Former CEO") departed the Company effective as of May 12, 2019. In accordance with the terms of the Former CEO's employment and equity award agreements, the Former CEO was entitled to three times his then-current salary, payable over three years in normal payroll installments, except that any amount due prior to the six months after his departure, was paid in a lump sum after such six month period. Such amounts will be reduced by any compensation earned with any subsequent employer or otherwise and will be subject to the Former CEO's compliance with a one-year non-competition and non-solicitation covenant. On October 21, 2019, the Former CEO entered into an agreement (the "Former CEO PSU Settlement Agreement") with the Company to reduce the PSUs held by him by an excess amount of outstanding PSUs granted to the Former CEO in the Company’s 2018 fiscal year as a result of the use of the Fiscal 2017 peer group in lieu of the Fiscal 2018 peer group. Further, as a result of this departure, the time-vesting component of the Former CEO's stock-based awards accelerated, including (i) stock options (which were "underwater" and expired without having been exercised by the Former CEO), (ii) PSU awards which had previously met the related performance-based test, had been certified by the Compensation Committee, and remained subject solely to time-vesting, and (iii) PSU awards (assuming target level of performance) which remain subject to attainment of any performance goals and the certification of the applicable performance-based tests by the Compensation Committee, as provided under his award agreements and subject to the terms of the Former CEO PSU Settlement Agreement.

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In addition, the Company maintains employment agreements with other executives which provide for severance pay.

In connection with the sale of PMall, the Company agreed to indemnify 1-800-FLOWERS.COM for certain litigation matters then existing at the time of the close of the transaction, including certain matters for which the Company is entitled to indemnification from the former owner of PMall in connection with the Company's purchase of PMall in Fiscal 2016. During Fiscal 2021, the Company recorded a liability for one such matter and a corresponding asset based on the Company's assessment of the ability to recover the expected loss under the indemnification provided at the time of its purchase of PMall.

The Company records an estimated liability related to its various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business when and to the extent that it concludes a liability is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Such estimated loss is based on available information and advice from outside counsel, where appropriate. As additional information becomes available, the Company reassesses the potential liability related to claims and legal actions and revises its estimated liabilities, as appropriate. The Company expects the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity. The Company also cannot predict the nature and validity of claims which could be asserted in the future, and future claims could have a material impact on its earnings.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Overview
 
Bed Bath & Beyond Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company", "we", "our", "us", or "ourselves") is an omni-channel retailer that makes it easy for our customers to feel at home. We sell a wide assortment of merchandise in the Home, Baby, Beauty & Wellness markets and operate under the names Bed Bath & Beyond, buybuy BABY ("BABY"), and Harmon, Harmon Face Values, or Face Values (collectively, "Harmon"). We also operate Decorist, an online interior design platform that provides personalized home design services. In addition, we are a partner in a joint venture, which operates retail stores in Mexico under the name Bed Bath & Beyond. We account for our operations as one North American Retail reporting segment.

We are driving a digital-first, omni-always growth strategy and optimizing our digital and physical store channels to provide our customers with a seamless omni-channel shopping experience. Digital purchases, including web and mobile, can be shipped to a customer from our distribution facilities, directly from vendors, or from a store. Store purchases are primarily fulfilled from that store's inventory or may also be shipped to a customer from one of our distribution facilities, from a vendor, or from another store. Customers can also choose to pick up orders using our Buy Online Pickup In Store ("BOPIS") and contactless Curbside Pickup services, as well as return online purchases to a store. Customers can also make purchases through one of our customer contact centers and in-store through The Beyond Store, our proprietary web-based platform. These capabilities allow us to better serve our customers across various channels.

Across our banners, we carry a wide variety of domestics and home furnishings merchandise. Domestics merchandise includes categories such as bed linens and related items, bath items and kitchen textiles. Home furnishings include categories such as kitchen and tabletop items, fine tabletop, basic housewares, general home furnishings (including furniture and wall décor), consumables and certain juvenile products.

Business Transformation and Restructuring

Since 2019, we have undertaken significant changes to transform our business and adapt to the dynamic retail environment and the evolving needs of our customers in order to position ourselves for long-term success. As part of these changes, our management team has been focused on driving an omni-always, customer-inspired strategy to re-establish our authority in the Home, Baby, Beauty & Wellness markets. We have created a more focused portfolio through the divestiture of non-core assets and further strengthened our financial flexibility through key actions such as corporate restructurings and operating expense control to re-set our cost structure and support our ongoing business transformation.

We are implementing a growth strategy that will harness the power of data and insights to engage customers across our four core banners (Bed Bath & Beyond, buybuy BABY, Harmon and Decorist) in an enterprise-wide plan to accelerate our omni-channel transformation. Our strategy is underpinned by five key pillars of strategic focus and investment: product, price, promise, place and people. Through this approach, we are becoming a digital-first, customer-focused omni-channel retailer with a more curated, inspirational and differentiated product collection across categories, and creating a more convenient and inspirational shopping experience.

Subsequent to the end of the fiscal first quarter of 2022, on May 31, 2022, we launched our ninth new proprietary Owned Brand ("Owned Brands"), Everhome™ and during Fiscal 2021, we launched the following eight new proprietary Owned Brands:
First QuarterSecond QuarterThird Quarter
Nestwell™
Our Table™
Studio 3B™
Haven™
Wild Sage™
H For Happy™
Simply Essential™
Squared Away™

The assortment for these Owned Brands includes thousands of new products across our key Destination Categories of Bed, Bath, Kitchen Food Prep, Home Organization, and Indoor Decor. We also continue to redefine certain of our existing Owned Brands, such as Bee & Willow™ and Marmalade™, including new brand imagery and packaging as well as refined product assortment and presentation.

We will continue to build on this strong foundation as we execute our three-year growth strategy to further elevate the shopping experience, modernize our operations and unlock strong and sustainable shareholder value. In connection with our restructuring and transformation initiatives, during the three months ended May 28, 2022, we recorded total expense of $23.1 million, including a benefit of $1.2 million in cost of sales associated with the reduction of the estimated costs recorded in Fiscal 2021
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related to the transition of our product assortment to Owned Brands and, to a lesser extent, to redefine certain existing Owned Brands, as well as $24.3 million in restructuring and transformation initiative expenses for costs associated with our planned store closures as part of the fleet optimization plan and other transformation initiatives. At this point, we are unable to estimate the amount or range of amounts expected to be incurred in connection with future restructuring and transformation initiatives, including additional Owned Brand introductions and further store closures, and will provide such estimates as they become available.

Executive Summary

The following represents a summary of key financial results and related business developments for the periods indicated:
 
Net sales for the three months ended May 28, 2022 were $1.463 billion, a decrease of approximately 25.1% as compared with the three months ended May 29, 2021.
Comparable sales* for the three months ended May 28, 2022 decreased by approximately 23.0%, compared to the three months ended May 29, 2021.
* See “Results of Operations - Net Sales” in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis for the definition and further information related to Comparable Sales.
During the first quarter of Fiscal 2022, we continued to execute against key initiatives under our transformation program, including:
Product Initiatives. The following key product initiatives launched in the first quarter of Fiscal 2022:
Our Bed Bath & Beyond banner kicked off Back-to-College season with its "Decision Day" campaign, helping college-bound students and their parents prepare for the transition to a campus residence with the products and services needed to create a comfortable, functional, personalized, and happy home away from home.
Our buybuy BABY banner expanded its assortment through an exclusive retail partnership with Primary, a leading direct to consumer gender-neutral children's clothing brand, and expanded its "buzzworthy brands" portfolio of parent-founded brands with the introduction of Ahimsa, Monica + Andy, Gro To, Ready.Set.Food!, Snuggle Me Organic and Waterful Baby Wipes products in select stores and buybuybaby.com. Both of these initiatives build on the "welcome to parenthood" initiative launched in Fiscal 2021.
Strategic Collaboration with The Kroger Co. As part of our strategic collaboration with The Kroger Co. announced in November 2021, in April 2022, we announced the launch of our e-commerce collaboration with Kroger Co. to directly offer Kroger customers an extensive selection of the most sought-after goods for the Home & Baby products carried by the Bed Bath & Beyond and buybuy BABY banners through Kroger.com. A small-scale physical store pilot at select Kroger Family of Companies stores is anticipated later in Fiscal 2022.

In connection with our restructuring and transformation initiatives, during the three months ended May 28, 2022, we recorded total expense of $23.1 million including a benefit of $1.2 million in cost of sales associated with the reduction of the estimated costs recorded in Fiscal 2021, and $24.3 million in restructuring and transformation initiative expenses in the consolidated statement of operations, as well as $26.7 million of impairments.

During Fiscal 2021, we announced plans to complete our $1 billion three-year repurchase plan by the end of Fiscal 2021, which was two years ahead of schedule and resulted in the repurchase of $950.0 million of shares under this plan as of February 26, 2022. During the three months ended May 28, 2022, we completed this program, repurchasing approximately 2.3 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase plan approved by our Board of Directors, at a total cost of approximately $40.4 million in the first quarter.

Net loss for the three months ended May 28, 2022 was $357.7 million, or $4.49 per diluted share, compared with net loss of $50.9 million, or $0.48 per diluted share, for the three months ended May 29, 2021. Net loss for the three months ended May 28, 2022 included a net unfavorable impact of $1.66 per diluted share associated with inventory markdown reserves and supply chain-related port fees, restructuring and other transformation initiatives, and non-cash impairments. Net loss for the three months ended May 29, 2021 included a net unfavorable impact of $0.53 per diluted share associated with non-cash impairment charges, charges associated with restructuring program and transformation initiatives, loss on sale of business, and loss on extinguishment of debt, as well as the associated tax effects.

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Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to cause ongoing disruptions to our business. As the COVID-19 pandemic evolves, national and local governments in regions in which we operate have enacted various measures, including travel restrictions, restrictions on events and gatherings, temporary closure of non-essential businesses, “social distancing” requirements, vaccine and mask mandates and various other requirements designed to slow the spread of COVID-19. While several of these measures have been eased, the extent, severity and overall duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its phases of resurgence and the introduction of new variants, some of which may be more transmissible or virulent, are unknown, and COVID-19 has had, and may continue to have, a material adverse effect, on our business. The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, financial position, and results of operations will depend on future developments, many of which are outside of our control, including the duration and spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, the emergence of variant strains, the availability, adoption, and effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines and COVID-19 testing, and government actions, which are uncertain and cannot be predicted.

Further discussion of the risks and uncertainties posed by the COVID-19 pandemic is included in “Risk Factors” under Part I, Item 1A of our 2021 Form 10-K.

Results of Operations
Net Sales
Three Months Ended
(in millions)May 28, 2022May 29, 2021Change from Prior Year
Net sales$1,463.4 $1,953.8 $(490.4)(25.1)%

Net sales for the three months ended May 28, 2022 were $1.463 billion, a decrease of approximately $490.4 million, or approximately 25.1%, compared with net sales of $1.954 billion for the three months ended May 29, 2021. For the first quarter of Fiscal 2022, the decline in net sales reflects the impact of lower traffic, as well as of a lack of inventory availability in key product areas, as well as the effect of the closure of certain stores in Fiscal 2021 in connection with our store fleet optimization project.

Sales consummated on a mobile device while physically in a store location and BOPIS orders are recorded as customer facing digital channel sales. Customer orders taken in-store by an associate through The Beyond Store, our proprietary, web-based platform, are recorded as in-store sales. Prior to implementation of BOPIS and contactless Curbside Pickup services, customer orders reserved online and picked up in a store were recorded as in-store sales. Sales originally consummated from customer facing digital channels and subsequently returned in-store are recorded as a reduction of in-store sales. Net sales consummated through digital channels represented approximately 40.0% of our sales for the three months ended May 28, 2022 compared with approximately 38.0% of our sales for the three months ended May 29, 2021.

Comparable sales* for the three months ended May 28, 2022 decreased by approximately 23.0% compared to the three months ended May 29, 2021. Management attributes a portion of this decline to the impact of lower traffic due to macro-economic factors, such as steep inflation, and fluctuations in purchasing patterns of the consumer. Also contributing to the comparable sales decline was the lack of inventory availability in key product areas, due in part to supply chain challenges.
* Comparable sales normally include sales consummated through all retail channels that have been operating for twelve full months following the opening period (typically six to eight weeks), excluding the impact of store fleet optimization program. We are an omni-channel retailer with capabilities that allow a customer to use more than one channel when making a purchase, including in-store, online, with a mobile device or through a customer contact center, and have it fulfilled, in most cases, either through in-store customer pickup or by direct shipment to the customer from one of our distribution facilities, stores or vendors.
Sales of domestics merchandise and home furnishings accounted for approximately 35.3% and 64.7% of net sales, respectively, for the three months ended May 28, 2022 and approximately 37.9% and 62.1% of net sales, respectively, for the three months ended May 29, 2021.

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Gross Profit
Three Months Ended
(in millions)May 28, 2022May 29, 2021Change from Prior Year
Gross profit$349.3 $633.7 $(284.4)(44.9)%
Gross margin23.9 %32.4 %(8.5)%(26.2)%

Gross profit for the three months ended May 28, 2022 was $349.3 million, or 23.9% of net sales, compared with $633.7 million, or 32.4% of net sales, for the three months ended May 29, 2021. Gross profit margin as a percentage of net sales for the three months ended May 28, 2022 includes the impact of inventory adjustments of $91.6 million associated with the markdown of inventory being removed from our assortment in connection with clearance of certain Owned Brands merchandise, and the impact of supply chain-related port fees. Gross profit for the three months ended May 28, 2022 also includes the impact of higher freight expenses, both for inbound product shipments and direct-to-customer fulfillment and in part due to industry wide, global supply chain challenges, and order cancellation fees also negatively impacted the gross margin in the three months ended May 28, 2022 compared with the prior year, which offset the favorable impacts of product mix from our new Owned Brands and a more normalized mix of digital sales. Additionally, for the three months ended May 28, 2022, gross profit margin as a percentage of net sales was favorably impacted by the implementation of new pricing strategies in the quarter in response to ongoing inflationary pressures and global supply chain challenges.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses