10-Q 1 bbw20230919_10q.htm FORM 10-Q bbw20230919_10q.htm
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Accrued expense - Other consists of accrued costs associated with a legal reserve accrual. Prepaid occupancy consists of prepaid expenses related to variable non-lease components. North America includes corporately-operated locations in the United States and Canada. Additional paid-in capital (“APIC”) Prepaid taxes consist of prepaid federal and state income tax. Performance-based restricted stock outstanding, granted, and forfeited are presented at 100% of target. Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) Other consists primarily of prepaid expense related to information technology maintenance contracts and software as a service. 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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


(Mark One)

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

For the quarterly period ended October 28, 2023

 

OR

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

For the transition period from              to              

 

Commission file number: 001-32320

 


 

BUILD-A-BEAR WORKSHOP, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 


 

Delaware

43-1883836

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

415 South 18th St.

St. Louis, Missouri

63103

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

 

(314) 423-8000

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 


 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock

BBW

New York Stock Exchange

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒    No   ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No   ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ☐

Accelerated filer

 

 

Non-accelerated filer ☐

Smaller reporting company 

 

Emerging growth company 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐    

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No   ☒

 

As of December 4, 2023, there were 14,305,690 issued and outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock.

 

 

 

BUILD-A-BEAR WORKSHOP, INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q

 

 

Page

Part I Financial Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

6

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

24

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

24

 

Part II Other Information

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

25

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

25

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

26

 

 

Signatures

27

 

 

 

PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

BUILD-A-BEAR WORKSHOP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

  

October 28,

  

January 28,

  

October 29,

 
  

2023

  

2023

  

2022

 
  

(Unaudited)

      

(Unaudited)

 

ASSETS

 

Current assets:

            

Cash and cash equivalents

 $24,800  $42,198  $12,023 

Inventories, net

  64,466   70,485   88,339 

Receivables, net

  13,908   15,374   15,894 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

  13,592   19,374   10,379 

Total current assets

  116,766   147,431   126,635 
             

Operating lease right-of-use asset

  67,768   71,791   76,236 

Property and equipment, net

  51,914   50,759   46,264 

Deferred tax assets

  6,822   6,592   7,561 

Other assets, net

  7,273   4,221   3,105 

Total Assets

 $250,543  $280,794  $259,801 
             

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

Current liabilities:

            

Accounts payable

 $11,961  $10,286  $19,514 

Accrued expenses

  25,319   37,358   25,764 

Operating lease liability short term

  26,002   27,436   27,644 

Gift cards and customer deposits

  18,366   19,425   18,287 

Deferred revenue and other

  3,665   6,646   5,713 

Total current liabilities

  85,313   101,151   96,922 
             

Operating lease liability long term

  52,423   59,080   64,212 

Other long-term liabilities

  1,159   1,446   1,569 
             

Stockholders' equity:

            

Preferred stock, par value $0.01, Shares authorized: 15,000,000; No shares issued or outstanding at October 28, 2023, January 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022

  -   -   - 

Common stock, par value $0.01, Shares authorized: 50,000,000; Issued and outstanding: 14,391,876, 14,802,338, and 14,718,368 shares, respectively

  144   148   147 

Additional paid-in capital

  66,641   69,868   68,422 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

  (12,319)  (12,274)  (12,336)

Retained earnings

  57,182   61,375   40,865 

Total stockholders' equity

  111,648   119,117   97,098 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 $250,543  $280,794  $259,801 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

BUILD-A-BEAR WORKSHOP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

   

Thirteen weeks ended

   

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
   

October 28,

   

October 29,

   

October 28,

   

October 29,

 
   

2023

   

2022

   

2023

   

2022

 

Revenues:

                               

Net retail sales

  $ 100,411     $ 99,229     $ 315,972     $ 308,001  

Commercial revenue

    6,020       4,125       17,685       12,464  

International franchising

    1,131       1,126       3,180       2,362  

Total revenues

    107,562       104,480       336,837       322,827  
                                 

Costs and expenses:

                               

Cost of merchandise sold - retail

    47,551       47,354       146,165       149,341  

Cost of merchandise sold - commercial

    2,675       1,929       8,458       5,824  

Cost of merchandise sold - international franchising

    703       867       2,042       1,593  

Total cost of merchandise sold

    50,929       50,150       156,665       156,758  

Consolidated gross profit

    56,633       54,330       180,172       166,069  

Selling, general and administrative expense

    46,566       44,436       140,516       130,320  

Interest (income) expense, net

    (281 )     6       (524 )     27  

Income before income taxes

    10,348       9,888       40,180       35,722  

Income tax expense

    2,762       2,433       9,648       8,247  

Net income

  $ 7,586     $ 7,455     $ 30,532     $ 27,475  
                                 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

    (302 )     49       (45 )     134  

Comprehensive income

  $ 7,284     $ 7,504     $ 30,487     $ 27,609  
                                 

Income per common share:

                               

Basic

  $ 0.53     $ 0.51     $ 2.12     $ 1.82  

Diluted

  $ 0.53     $ 0.51     $ 2.10     $ 1.78  
                                 

Shares used in computing common per share amounts:

                               

Basic

    14,362,702       14,542,947       14,413,308       15,097,816  

Diluted

    14,438,795       14,760,586       14,563,974       15,412,130  

 

 See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. 

 

 

 

BUILD-A-BEAR WORKSHOP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands) 

 

   

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
   

October 28,

   

October 29,

 
   

2023

   

2022

 
                 

Cash flows provided by operating activities:

               

Net income

  $ 30,532     $ 27,475  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

               
                 

Depreciation and amortization

    9,540       9,295  

Share-based and performance-based stock compensation

    2,492       1,924  

Provision/adjustments for doubtful accounts

    (276 )     (154 )

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

    85       108  

Deferred taxes

    (41 )     16  

Change in assets and liabilities:

               

Inventories, net

    5,729       (18,134 )

Receivables, net

    895       (4,343 )

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    2,511       1,354  

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    (10,408 )     (894 )

Operating leases

    (4,311 )     (4,771 )

Gift cards and customer deposits

    (1,021 )     (2,573 )

Deferred revenue

    (2,987 )     1,944  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    32,740       11,247  

Cash flows used in investing activities:

               

Purchases of property and equipment

    (11,124 )     (6,752 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (11,124 )     (6,752 )

Cash flows used in financing activities:

               

Proceeds from the exercise of employee equity awards, net of tax

    (1,797 )     (1,671 )

Cash dividends paid

    (22,098 )     (292 )

Purchases of Company’s common stock

    (15,239 )     (24,172 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (39,134 )     (26,135 )

Effect of exchange rates on cash

    120       818  

Decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

    (17,398 )     (20,822 )

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

    42,198       32,845  

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

  $ 24,800     $ 12,023  
                 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 24,413     $ 11,582  

Restricted cash from long-term deposits

  $ 387     $ 441  

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

  $ 24,800     $ 12,023  
                 

Net cash paid during the period for income taxes

  $ 16,785     $ 7,451  


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

1. Basis of Presentation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein are unaudited and have been prepared by Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of January 28, 2023 was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated balance sheet as of that date. All other condensed consolidated financial statements contained herein are unaudited and reflect all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to summarize fairly the financial position of the Company and the results of the Company’s operations and cash flows for the periods presented. All of these adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Because of the seasonal nature of the Company’s operations, results of operations of any single reporting period should not be considered as indicative of results for a full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023, which were included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on April 13, 2023. 

 

Certain prior period amounts in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications did not affect net earnings attributable to Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. 

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

The Company's significant accounting policies are summarized in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in its Form 10-K for the year ended January 28, 2023. An update and supplement to these policies is needed for the Company's accounting for credit impairment as a result of a recently adopted accounting standard during the first quarter of fiscal 2023.

 

Receivables

 

Receivables consist primarily of amounts due to the Company in relation to wholesale and corporate product sales, franchisee royalties and product sales, tenant allowances, certain amounts due from taxing authorities, receivables due from insurance providers, and licensing revenue. The Company assesses the collectability of all receivables on an ongoing basis by considering its historical credit loss experience, current economic conditions, and other relevant factors. At the beginning of fiscal 2023, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” This ASU requires entities to report “expected” credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit rather than the current “incurred loss” model. These expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date are to be based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Upon adoption, the Company recognized a charge of $0.8 million to the opening balance of retained earnings which represents a reduction in its account receivable balance associated with expected credit losses.

  

7

 
 

2. Revenue

 

Currently, most of the Company’s revenue is derived from retail sales (including from its e-commerce sites) and is recognized when control of the merchandise is transferred to the customer. The Company's disaggregated revenue is fully disclosed as net sales to external customers by reporting segment and by geographic area (See Note 11 — Segment Information for additional information). The Company's direct-to-consumer reporting segment represents 93% of consolidated revenue for the third quarter of fiscal 2023. The majority of these sales transactions were single performance obligations that were recorded when control of merchandise was transferred to the customer.

 

The following is a description of principal activities from which the Company generates its revenue, by reportable segment.

 

The Company’s direct-to-consumer segment includes the operating activities of corporately-operated stores, other retail-delivered operations and e-commerce demand (orders generated online to be fulfilled from either the Company's warehouse or its stores). Direct-to-consumer revenue is recognized when control of the merchandise is transferred to the customer and for the Company's online sales, generally upon estimated delivery to the customer. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration, including any discounts or incentives, the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring the merchandise. Product returns have historically averaged less than one-half of one percent due to the personalized and interactive nature of its products, where consumers customize their own stuffed animal. The Company has elected to exclude from revenue all collected sales, value added, and other taxes paid by its customers.

 

For the Company’s gift cards, revenue, including any related gift card discounts, is deferred for single transactions until redemption. Historically, three-quarters of gift cards are redeemed within three years of issuance and over the last three years, approximately 60% of gift cards issued have been redeemed within the first twelve months. In addition, unredeemed gift cards or breakage revenue is recorded in proportion to the customer’s redemption period using an estimated breakage rate based on historical experience. In regard to the consolidated balance sheet, contract liabilities for gift cards are classified as gift cards and customer deposits.

 

Subsequent to stores reopening following shutdowns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company has experienced lower redemptions of its gift cards for all periods of outstanding activated cards compared to pre-pandemic redemption patterns (fiscal year 2019 and earlier), which impacts the gift card breakage rate. The Company utilizes historical redemption data to develop a model to analyze the amount of breakage expected for gift cards sold to consumers and business partners. The Company continues to evaluate expected breakage annually and adjusts the breakage rates in the fourth quarter of each year, or other times, if significant changes in customer behavior are detected. Changes to breakage estimates impact revenue recognition prospectively. Further, given the magnitude of the Company's gift card liability, the changes in breakage rates could have a significant impact on the amount of breakage revenue recognized in future periods. 

 

For certain qualifying transactions, a portion of revenue transactions are deferred for the obligation related to the Company’s loyalty program or when a material right in the form of a future discount is granted. In these transactions, the transaction price is allocated to the separate performance obligations based on the relative standalone selling price. The standalone selling price for the points earned for the Company’s loyalty program is estimated using the net retail value of the merchandise purchased, adjusted for estimated breakage based on historical redemption patterns. The revenue associated with the initial merchandise purchased is recognized immediately and the value assigned to the points is deferred until the points are redeemed, forfeited or expired. The Company issues certificates daily to loyalty program members who have earned 100 or more points in North America and 50 points or more in the U.K. with certificates historically expiring in six months if not redeemed. The Company assesses the redemption rates of its certifications on a quarterly basis to update the rate at which loyalty program points turn into certifications and the rate that certifications are redeemed. In regard to the consolidated balance sheet, contract liabilities related to the loyalty program are classified as deferred revenue and other.

 

The Company’s commercial segment includes transactions with other businesses and is mainly comprised of licensing the Company’s intellectual properties for third-party use and wholesale sales of merchandise, including supplies and fixtures. Revenue for wholesale sales is recognized when control of the merchandise or fixtures is transferred to the customer, which generally occurs upon delivery to the customer. The license agreements provide the customer with highly interrelated rights that are not distinct in the context of the contract and therefore, have been accounted for as a single performance obligation and recognized as licensee sales occur. If the contract includes a guaranteed minimum, the minimum guarantee is recognized on a straight-line basis over the guarantee term until such time as royalties earned through licensee sales exceed the minimum guarantee. The Company classifies these guaranteed minimum contract liabilities as deferred revenue on the consolidated balance sheet.

 

The Company’s international franchising segment includes the activities with franchisees who operate store locations in certain countries and includes development fees, sales-based royalties and merchandise, including supplies and fixture sales. The Company's obligations under the franchise agreements are ongoing and include operations and product development support and training, generally concentrated around initial store openings. These obligations are highly interrelated rights that are not distinct in the context of the contract and, therefore, have been accounted for as a single performance obligation and recognized as franchisee sales occur. If the contract includes an initial, one-time nonrefundable development fee, this fee is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the franchise agreement, which may extend for periods up to 25 years. The Company classifies these initial, one-time nonrefundable franchise fee contract liabilities as deferred revenue on its consolidated balance sheet. Revenue from merchandise and fixture sales is recognized when control is transferred to the franchisee, which generally occurs upon delivery.

 

The Company also incurs expenses directly related to the startup of new franchises, which may include finder’s fees, legal and travel costs, expenses related to its ongoing support of the franchises and employee compensation. Accordingly, the Company’s policy is to capitalize any finder’s fee, as an incremental cost, and expense all other costs as incurred. Additionally, the Company amortizes these capitalized costs into expense in the same pattern as the development fee's recording of revenue as described previously. These capitalized costs for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 are not material to the financial statements. 

 

8

 
 

3. Leases

 

The majority of the Company's leases relate to retail stores and corporate offices. For leases with terms greater than 12 months, the Company records the related asset and obligation at the present value of lease payments over the term. Most new retail store leases have an original term of a five to ten-year base period and may include renewal options to extend the lease term beyond the initial base period. The extension periods are typically much shorter than the original lease term given the Company's strategic decision to maintain a high level of lease optionality. Some leases also include early termination options, which can be exercised under specific conditions. Additionally, the Company may operate stores for a period of time on a month-to-month basis after the expiration of the lease term. The Company's lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. Additionally, certain leases contain incentives, such as construction allowances from landlords and/or rent abatements subsequent to taking possession of the leased property.

 

The table below presents certain information related to the lease costs for operating leases for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 (in thousands).

 

  

Thirteen weeks ended

  

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
  

October 28, 2023

  

October 29, 2022

  

October 28, 2023

  

October 29, 2022

 
                 

Operating lease costs

 $9,261  $8,905  $27,357  $25,874 

Variable lease costs (1)

  2,134   2,039   6,374   6,228 

Short term lease costs

  34   19   74   46 

Total Operating Lease costs

 $11,429  $10,963  $33,805  $32,148 

 

 

(1)

Variable lease costs consist of leases with variable rent structures, which are intended to increase flexibility in an environment with expected high sales volatility and provide a natural hedge against potential sales declines.


Other information

 

The table below presents supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 (in thousands).

 

  

Thirteen weeks ended

  

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
  

October 28, 2023

  

October 29, 2022

  

October 28, 2023

  

October 29, 2022

 

Operating cash flows for operating leases

 $9,994  $9,497  $29,775  $27,772 

 

As of October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, the weighted-average remaining operating lease term was 4.0 years and 4.3 years, respectively, and the weighted-average discount rate was 6.5% and 5.7%, respectively, for operating leases recognized on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

For the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 and the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 29, 2022 the Company incurred no impairment charges against its right-of-use operating lease assets.

 

Undiscounted cash flows

 

The table below reconciles the undiscounted cash flows for each of the first five years and total of the remaining years to the operating lease liabilities recorded on the balance sheet (in thousands).

 

Operating Leases

   

2023

 $1,306 

2024

  31,110 

2025

  20,855 

2026

  12,765 

2027

  7,994 

Thereafter

  15,797 

Total minimum lease payments

  89,827 

Less: amount of lease payments representing interest

  (11,402)

Present value of future minimum lease payments

  78,425 

Less: current obligations under leases

  (26,002)

Long-term lease obligations

 $52,423 

 

As of October 28, 2023, the Company had additional executed leases that had not yet commenced with operating lease liabilities of $12.9 million. These leases are expected to commence in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023 and the first quarter of fiscal 2024 with lease terms of five to ten years.

 

9

 
 

4. Other Assets

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist of the following (in thousands):

 

  

October 28,

  

January 28,

  

October 29,

 
  

2023

  

2023

  

2022

 

Prepaid occupancy (1)

 $2,414  $2,196  $2,630 

Prepaid merchandise (2)

  -   6,047   - 

Prepaid insurance

  550   1,221   213 

Prepaid gift card fees

  706   835   206 

Prepaid royalties

  540   301   1,202 

Prepaid taxes (3)

  4,092   73   493 

Other (4)

  5,290   8,701   5,635 

Total

 $13,592  $19,374  $10,379 

  

 

(1)

Prepaid occupancy consists of prepaid expenses related to variable non-lease components.

 (2)Prepaid merchandise consists of prepaid purchase orders of inventory that are not in transit.
 (3)Prepaid taxes consist of prepaid federal and state income tax. 
 (4)Other consists primarily of prepaid expense related to information technology maintenance contracts and software as a service.

  

Other non-current assets consist of the following (in thousands):

 

  

October 28,

  

January 28,

  

October 29,

 
  

2023

  

2023

  

2022

 

Entertainment production asset (1)

 $6,057  $2,939  $2,126 

Deferred compensation

  875   853   544 

Other (2)

  341   429   435 

Total

 $7,273  $4,221  $3,105 

 

 (1)Entertainment production asset includes the direct costs, production overhead and development costs in producing entertainment assets such as films or music.
 

(2)

Other consists primarily of deferred financing costs related to the Company's credit facility.

 

 

5. Accrued Expenses

 

Accrued expenses consist of the following (in thousands):

 

  

October 28,

  

January 28,

  

October 29,

 
  

2023

  

2023

  

2022

 

Accrued wages, bonuses and related expenses

 $17,470  $23,767  $17,174 

Sales and value added taxes payable

  2,466   4,561   2,209 

Accrued rent and related expenses (1)

  954   1,512   899 

Current income taxes payable

  329   3,418   1,382 

Accrued expense - other (2)

  4,100   4,100   4,100 

Total

 $25,319  $37,358  $25,764 

 

 

(1)

Accrued rent and related expenses consist of accrued costs associated with non-lease components.

 

(2)

Accrued expense - other consists of accrued costs associated with a legal reserve accrual.

 

 

 

6. Stock-based Compensation

 

On April 14, 2020, the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. (the “Company”) adopted, subject to stockholder approval, the Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2020 Incentive Plan”).  On June 11, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved the 2020 Incentive Plan.   On April 11, 2023, the Board adopted, subject to stockholder approval, the Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. Amended and Restated 2020 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “Restated 2020 Incentive Plan”).  On June 8, 2023, at the Company’s 2023 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”), the Company’s stockholders approved the Restated 2020 Incentive Plan. The Restated 2020 Incentive Plan, which is administered by the Compensation and Development Committee of the Board, permits the grant of stock options (including both incentive and non-qualified stock options), stock appreciation rights, other stock-based awards, including restricted stock and restricted stock units, cash-based awards, and performance awards pursuant to the terms of the Restated 2020 Incentive Plan. The Restated 2020 Incentive Plan will terminate on April 11, 2033, unless earlier terminated by the Board. The total number of shares of the Company’s common stock authorized for issuance under the Restated 2020 Incentive Plan increased by 800,000 to a maximum  of 1,800,000 since its inception as the 2020 Incentive Plan, subject to customary capitalization adjustments, substitutions of acquired company awards and certain additions of acquired company plan shares, plus shares that are subject to outstanding awards made under the Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”) that on or after April 14, 2020 may be forfeited, expire or be settled for cash.

 

For the thirteen weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, selling, general and administrative expense included stock-based compensation expense of $0.7 million and $0.6 million, respectively. For the thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 selling, general, and administrative expense included stock-based compensation expense of $2.5 million and $1.9 million, respectively. As of October 28, 2023, there was $1.7 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock awards which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.7 years.

 

The following table is a summary of the balances and activity for stock options for the thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023:

 

  

Options

 
  

Shares

  Weighted Average Exercise Price 

Outstanding, January 28, 2023

  177,519  $14.20 

Granted

  -   - 

Exercised

  (143,115)  12.87 

Forfeited

  -   - 

Canceled or expired

  -   - 

Outstanding, October 28, 2023

  34,404  $19.73 

   

The following table is a summary of the balances and activity related to time-based and performance-based restricted stock for the thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023:

 

  

Time-Based Restricted Stock

  

Performance-Based Restricted Stock

 
  

Shares

  

Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value

  

Shares

  

Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value

 

Outstanding, January 28, 2023 (1)

  287,983  $8.78   295,048  $8.13 

Granted (1)

  65,759   23.52   65,254   24.75 

Vested

  (208,620)  7.20   -   - 

Adjustment for performance achievement

  -   -   57,756   2.87 

Earned and Vested

  -   -   (215,130)  2.78 

Forfeited (1)

  (4,838)  12.91   (3,466)  18.03 

Outstanding, October 28, 2023 (1)

  140,284  $17.89   199,462  $17.62 

 

 (1)Performance-based restricted stock outstanding, granted, and forfeited are presented at 100% of target.

 

The total fair value of shares vested during the thirty-nine weeks ended  October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 was $2.1 million and $2.0 million, respectively.

 

The outstanding performance shares as of October 28, 2023 consist of the following:

 

  Performance Shares 

Unearned shares subject to performance-based restrictions at target:

    

2021 - 2023 consolidated, cumulative earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) objectives

  39,821 

2021 - 2023 consolidated revenue growth objectives

  13,274 

2022 - 2024 consolidated, earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) growth objectives

  60,835 

2022 - 2024 consolidated revenue growth objectives

  20,278 

2023 - 2025 consolidated pre-tax income growth objectives

  42,415 

2023 - 2025 consolidated revenue growth objectives

  22,839 

Performance shares outstanding, October 28, 2023

  199,462 
 

7. Income Taxes

 

The Company's effective tax rate was 26.7% and 24.0% for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023, respectively, compared to 24.6% and 23.1% for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 29, 2022, respectively. The 2023 and 2022 effective tax rates differed from the statutory rate of 21% primarily due to state income tax expense partially offset by the tax impact of equity awards vesting. In addition, in the third quarter of fiscal 2023 and 2022, the Company remains in a full valuation allowance in certain foreign jurisdictions.

 

11

 
 

8. Stockholders’ Equity

 

The following table sets forth the changes in stockholders’ equity (in thousands) for the thirteen weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 (in thousands):

 

  

For the thirteen weeks ended October 28, 2023

  

For the thirteen weeks ended October 29, 2022

 
                                         
  

Common

          

Retained

      

Common

          

Retained

     
  

stock

  

APIC (1)

  

AOCI (2)

  

earnings

  

Total

  

stock

  

APIC (1)

  

AOCI (2)

  

earnings

  

Total

 

Balance, beginning

 $145  $66,773  $(12,017) $52,965  $107,866  $150  $69,409  $(12,385) $36,690  $93,864 

Issuance of Restricted Stock

                  -                     

Shares issued under employee stock plans

     175         175      194         194 

Stock-based compensation

     363         363      368         368 

Shares withheld in lieu of tax withholdings

              -               - 

Share Repurchase

  (1)  (670)     (3,369)  (4,040)  (3)  (1,553)     (3,233)  (4,789)

Cash Dividends

              -               - 

Other

              -      4      (47)  (43)

Other comprehensive (loss) income

        (302)     (302)        49      49 

Net income

           7,586   7,586            7,455   7,455 

Balance, ending

 $144  $66,641  $(12,319) $57,182  $111,648  $147  $68,422  $(12,336) $40,865  $97,098 

 

(1) Additional paid-in capital (“APIC”)

(2) Accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCI”)

 

The following table sets forth the changes in stockholders’ equity (in thousands) for the thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 (in thousands):

 

  

For the thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023

  

For the thirty-nine weeks ended October 29, 2022

 
                                         
  

Common

          

Retained

      

Common

          

Retained

     
  

stock

  

APIC (1)

  

AOCI (2)

  

earnings

  

Total

  

stock

  

APIC (1)

  

AOCI (2)

  earnings  

Total

 

Balance, beginning

 $148  $69,868  $(12,274) $61,375  $119,117  $162  $75,490  $(12,470) $30,501  $93,683 

Adoption of new accounting standard

           (785)                  

Subtotal

 $148  $69,868  $(12,274) $60,590  $118,332  $162  $75,490  $(12,470) $30,501  $93,683 

Issuance of Restricted Stock

                  -                     

Shares issued under employee stock plans

  4   2,436         2,440   2   1,004         1,006 

Stock-based compensation

     1,121         1,121      1,175         1,175 

Shares withheld in lieu of tax withholdings

  (2)  (3,638)        (3,640)  (1)  (2,178)        (2,179)

Share Repurchase

  (6)  (3,146)     (12,087)  (15,239)  (16)  (7,073)     (17,083)  (24,172)

Other

           196   196      4      (28)  (24)

Dividend

           (22,049)  (22,049)              - 

Other comprehensive (loss) income

        (45)     (45)        134      134 

Net income

           30,532   30,532            27,475   27,475 

Balance, ending

 $144  $66,641  $(12,319) $57,182  $111,648  $147  $68,422  $(12,336) $40,865  $97,098 

 

(1) Additional paid-in capital (“APIC”)

(2) Accumulated other comprehensive loss (“AOCI”)

 

For the thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023, the Company recorded credit impairment charges of $0.8 million on trade receivables into retained earnings as a result of the adoption of ASC 326 - Credit Impairment. 

 

During the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023, the Company utilized $4.0 million in cash to repurchase 146,028 shares and utilized $15.2 million in cash to repurchase 672,734 shares, respectively, under its $50.0 million program that was authorized by its Board of Directors on August 31, 2022. The Company's Board of Directors also authorized a special cash dividend of $1.50 per share that was paid on April 6, 2023, to all stockholders of record as of March 23, 2023.

    

12

 
 

9. Income per Share

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except share and per share data):

 

  

Thirteen weeks ended

  

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
  

October 28,

  

October 29,

  

October 28,

  

October 29,

 
  

2023

  

2022

  

2023

  

2022

 

NUMERATOR:

                

Net income

 $7,586  $7,455  $30,532  $27,475 
                 

DENOMINATOR:

                

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic

  14,362,702   14,542,947   14,413,308   15,097,816 

Dilutive effect of share-based awards:

  76,093   217,639   150,666   314,314 

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - dilutive

  14,438,795   14,760,586   14,563,974   15,412,130 
                 

Basic net income per common share

 $0.53  $0.51  $2.12  $1.82 

Diluted net income per common share

 $0.53  $0.51  $2.10  $1.78 

 

In calculating the diluted income per share for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023, there were zero and 43,673 shares of common stock, respectively, that were outstanding at the end of the period that were not included in the computation of diluted income per share due to their anti-dilutive effect. For the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 29, 2022, there were 9,071 and 106,770 shares of common stock, respectively, that were outstanding at the end of the period that were not included in the computation of diluted income per share due to their anti-dilutive effect.

 

 

10. Comprehensive Income

 

The difference between comprehensive income or loss and net income or loss is the result of foreign currency translation adjustments on the balance sheets of subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar. The accumulated other comprehensive loss balance on  October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 was comprised entirely of foreign currency translation. For the thirteen weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022, the Company had no reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss.

  

 

 

11. Segment Information 

 

The Company’s operations are conducted through three operating segments consisting of direct-to-consumer (“DTC”), commercial and international franchising. The DTC segment includes the operating activities of corporately-operated locations and other retail delivery operations in the U.S., Canada, Ireland and the U.K., including the Company’s e-commerce sites and temporary stores. The commercial segment includes the Company’s transactions with other businesses, mainly comprised of licensing the Company’s intellectual properties for third-party use and wholesale activities. The international franchising segment includes the licensing activities of the Company’s franchise agreements with store locations in select countries in Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Africa, and South America. The operating segments have discrete sources of revenue, different capital structures and different cost structures. These operating segments represent the basis on which the Company’s chief operating decision maker regularly evaluates the business in assessing performance, determining the allocation of resources and the pursuit of future growth opportunities. Accordingly, the Company has determined that each of its operating segments represent a reportable segment. The three reportable segments follow the same accounting policies used for the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Following is a summary of the financial information for the Company’s reportable segments (in thousands):

 

  

Direct-to-

      

International

     
  

Consumer

  

Commercial

  

Franchising

  

Total

 

Thirteen weeks ended October 28, 2023

                

Net sales to external customers

 $100,411  $6,020  $1,131  $107,562 

Income before income taxes

  7,233   2,740   375   10,348 

Capital expenditures

  4,986   -   -   4,986 

Depreciation and amortization

  3,152   79   -   3,231 

Thirteen weeks ended October 29, 2022

                

Net sales to external customers

 $99,229  $4,125  $1,126  $104,480 

Income before income taxes

  7,771   2,009   108   9,888 

Capital expenditures

  2,685   -   -   2,685 

Depreciation and amortization

  2,924   95   -   3,019 
                 

Thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023

                

Net sales to external customers

 $315,972  $17,685  $3,180  $336,837 

Income before income taxes

  31,225   7,882   1,073   40,180 

Capital expenditures

  11,124   -   -   11,124 

Depreciation and amortization

  9,266   274   -   9,540 

Thirty-nine weeks ended October 29, 2022

                

Net sales to external customers

 $308,001  $12,465  $2,361  $322,827 

Income before income taxes

  29,174   5,705   843   35,722 

Capital expenditures

  6,752   -   -   6,752 

Depreciation and amortization

  8,888   407   -   9,295 

Total Assets as of:

                

October 28, 2023

 $238,604  $10,753  $1,186  $250,543 

January 28, 2023

  272,221   7,466   1,107   280,794 

October 29, 2022

  253,595   5,045   1,161   259,801 

 

The Company’s reportable segments are primarily determined by the types of products and services that they offer. Each reportable segment may operate in many geographic areas. Revenues are recognized in the geographic areas based on the location of the customer or franchisee. The following schedule is a summary of the Company’s sales to external customers and long-lived assets by geographic area (in thousands):

 

  

North

             
  

America (1)

  

Europe (2)

  

Other (3)

  

Total

 

Thirteen weeks ended October 28, 2023

                

Net sales to external customers

 $93,431  $13,037  $1,094  $107,562 

Thirteen weeks ended October 29, 2022

                

Net sales to external customers

 $90,515  $12,851  $1,114  $104,480 
                 

Thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023

                

Net sales to external customers

 $297,631  $36,822  $2,384  $336,837 

Property and equipment, net

  48,631   3,283   0   51,914 

Thirty-nine weeks ended October 29, 2022

                

Net sales to external customers

 $282,706  $37,754  $2,367  $322,827 

Property and equipment, net

  43,898   2,366   0   46,264 

 

For purposes of this table only:

(1)  North America includes corporately-operated locations in the United States and Canada.

(2)  Europe includes corporately-operated locations in the U.K. and Ireland and sales to wholesale customers in Europe.

(3)  Other includes franchise businesses outside of North America and Europe.

 

 

14

 

12. Contingencies

 

In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to legal proceedings, government inquiries and claims, and other commercial disputes. If one or more of these matters has an unfavorable resolution, it is possible that the results of operations, liquidity or financial position of the Company could be materially affected in any particular period. The Company accrues a liability for these types of contingencies when it believes that it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and that it can reasonably estimate the amount of the loss. Gain contingencies are recorded when the underlying uncertainty has been settled.

 

Assessments made by the U.K. customs authority in 2012 were appealed by the Company, which has paid the disputed duty, strictly under protest, pending the outcome of the continuing dispute, and this is included in receivables, net in the DTC segment. The U.K. customs authority contested the Company's appeal. Rulings by the First Tier Tribunal in  November 2019 and Upper Tribunal in  March 2021 held that duty was due on some, but not all, of the products at issue. The Company petitioned the Court of Appeal for permission to appeal certain elements of the Upper Tribunal decision and, in early November 2021, a judge granted the Company's petition for permission to appeal those elements of the Upper Tribunal decision on some, but not all, of the grounds of appeal that the Company had put forward. An appeal was heard by the Court of Appeal during the first quarter of fiscal 2022, and the Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal in the third quarter of fiscal 2022. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2022, the UK Supreme Court declined to hear the appeal. The Company is engaging with the customs authority to attempt to resolve all outstanding issues following the application of the determined principles. The case will return to the lower tribunal for a final ruling if outstanding issues cannot be resolved. The Company maintains a provision against the related receivable, based on a current evaluation of collectability, using the latest facts available in the dispute. As of October 28, 2023, the Company had a gross receivable balance of $4.5 million and a reserve of $3.5 million, leaving a net receivable of $1.0 million. The Company believes that the outcome of this dispute will not have a material adverse impact on the results of operations, liquidity, or financial position of the Company.

 

In  August 2021, a putative class action lawsuit was filed against Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc., asserting claims under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (the "TCPA") alleging that the Company continued to send marketing text messages to mobile phone numbers registered on the National Do Not Call Registry after allegedly opting-out of receiving them. Statutory damages under the TCPA are assessed at $500 per violation (i.e., per text message), and up to $1,500 per violation if the violation was knowing or willful. The Company has reached a settlement with the Plaintiff and an insurance carrier which has been approved by the Court and did not result in a significant expense for the Company.

 

15

,

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, and we undertake no obligation to update these statements except as required by the federal securities laws. Our actual results may differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, those detailed under the caption “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023, as filed with the SEC, and include the following:

 

  any uncertainty or decline in general global economic conditions, caused by inflation, rising interest rates, geo-political conflicts, or other external factors, could lead to disproportionately reduced discretionary consumer spending and a corresponding reduction in demand for our products and have an adverse effect on our liquidity and profitability;
  consumer interests can change rapidly, and our success depends on the ongoing effectiveness of our marketing and online initiatives to build consumer affinity for our brand and drive consumer demand for our products and services;
  we depend upon the shopping malls and tourist locations in which our stores are located to attract guests. Continued or further volatility in retail consumer traffic could adversely affect our financial performance and profitability;
  global or regional health pandemics or epidemics, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, could negatively impact our business, financial position and results of operations;
  our profitability could be adversely affected by fluctuations in petroleum products prices;
  our business may be adversely impacted at any time by a variety of significant competitive threats;
  if we are unable to generate interest in and demand for our interactive retail experience and products, including being able to identify and respond to consumer preferences in a timely manner, our sales, financial condition and profitability could be adversely affected;
  failure to successfully execute our omnichannel and brand expansion strategy and the cost of our investments in e-commerce and digital transformation may materially adversely affect our financial condition and profitability;
  if we are unable to renew, renegotiate or replace our store leases or enter into leases for new stores on favorable terms, or if we violate any of the terms of our current leases, our revenue and profitability could be harmed;
  we are subject to risks associated with technology and digital operations;
  we may not be able to evolve our store locations over time to align with market trends, successfully diversify our store formats and business models in accordance with our strategic goals or otherwise effectively manage our overall portfolio of stores which could adversely affect our ability to grow and could significantly harm our profitability;
  our company-owned distribution center that services the majority of our stores in North America and our third-party distribution center providers used in the western U.S. and Europe may be required to close and operations may experience disruptions or may operate inefficiently;
  we rely on a few global supply chain vendors to supply substantially all of our materials and merchandise, and significant price increases or any disruption in their ability to deliver materials and merchandise could harm our ability to source products and supply inventory to our stores;
  we may not be able to operate our international corporately-operated locations profitability;
  our merchandise is manufactured by foreign manufacturers and we transact business in various foreign countries, and the availability and costs of our products, as well as our product pricing, may be negatively affected by risks associated with international manufacturing and trade and foreign currency fluctuations;
  if we are unable to effectively manage our international franchises, attract new franchisees or if the laws relating to our international franchises change, our growth and profitability could be adversely affected, and we could be exposed to additional liability;
  we are subject to a number of risks related to disruptions, failures or security breaches of our information technology infrastructure. If we improperly obtain or are unable to protect our data or violate privacy or security laws or expectations, we could be subject to liability as well as damage to our reputation;
  we may fail to renew, register or otherwise protect our trademarks or other intellectual property and may be sued by third parties for infringement or misappropriation of their proprietary rights, which could be costly, distract our management and personnel and result in the diminution in value of our trademarks and other important intellectual property;
  we may suffer negative publicity or be sued if the manufacturers of our merchandise or of Build-A-Bear branded merchandise sold by our licensees ship any products that do not meet current safety standards or production requirements or if such products are recalled or cause injuries;
  we may suffer negative publicity or be sued if the manufacturers of our merchandise violate labor laws or engage in practices that consumers believe are unethical;
  we may suffer negative publicity or a decrease in sales or profitability if the products from other companies that we sell in our stores do not meet our quality standards or fail to achieve our sales expectations;
  we may suffer negative publicity and damage to our reputation if we do not continue to evolve environmental, social, and governance initiatives in a timely manner;
  fluctuations in our quarterly results of operations could cause the price of our common stock to substantially decline;
  fluctuations in our operating results could reduce our cash flow, or trigger restrictions under our credit agreement, and we may be unable to repurchase shares at all or at the times or in the amounts we desire, or the results of our share repurchase program may not be as beneficial as we would like; 
  our relatively low market capitalization can cause the market price of our common stock to become volatile;
  our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law contain provisions that may prevent or frustrate attempts to replace or remove our current management by our stockholders, even if such replacement or removal may be in our stockholders’ best interests;
 

we may not be able to operate successfully if we lose key personnel, are unable to hire qualified additional personnel, or experience turnover of our management team;

  we may be unsuccessful in acquiring businesses or engaging in other strategic transactions, which may negatively affect our financial condition and profitability.

 

 

Overview

 

Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc., a Delaware corporation, was formed in 1997 as a mall-based, experiential specialty retailer where children and their families could create their own stuffed animals. Over the last 25 years, Build-A-Bear has become a brand with high consumer awareness and positive affinity with over 225 million furry friends made by guests. We are leveraging this brand strength to strategically evolve our brick-and-mortar retail footprint beyond traditional malls with a versatile range of formats and locations including tourist destinations, expand into international markets primarily via a franchise model, and broaden the total addressable market beyond children by adding teens and adults with entertainment/sports licensing, collectible and gifting offerings. Build-A-Bear's pop-culture and multi-generational appeal have also played a key role in our digital transformation which includes a meaningful e-commerce/omni-channel business that has delivered sustained growth, engaging consumer loyalty program and robust digital marketing and content capabilities with industry-leading partners. As of October 28, 2023, we had 356 corporately-operated stores globally and 3 seasonal locations, 85 partner-operated locations operating through our "third-party retail" model in which we sell our products on a wholesale basis to other companies that then, in turn, execute our retail experience, and 70 international franchised stores under the Build-A-Bear Workshop brand. In addition to these stores, we sell products on our company-owned e-commerce sites and third-party marketplace sites, our franchisees sell products through sites that they manage as well as other third-party marketplace sites and other parties sell products on their sites under wholesale agreements.

 

We operate in three segments that share the same infrastructure, including management, systems, merchandising and marketing, and generate revenues as follows:

 

 

Direct-to-Consumer (“DTC”) – Corporately-operated retail stores located in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and Ireland and two e-commerce sites;

 

Commercial – Transactions with other businesses, mainly comprised of wholesale product sales to third-party retailers and licensing our intellectual property, including entertainment properties, for third-party use; and

 

International franchising – Royalties as well as products and fixtures sales from other international operations under franchise agreements.

 

Selected financial data attributable to each segment for the thirteen and thirty-nine weeks ended October 28, 2023 and October 29, 2022 are set forth in the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Business Update

 

Build-A-Bear Workshop offers interactive entertainment experiences via both physical and e-commerce engagement, targeting a range of consumer segments and purchasing occasions through digitally-driven, diversified omnichannel capabilities. We operate a vertical retail channel with stores that feature a unique combination of experience and product in which guests can "make their own stuffed animals" by participating in the stuffing, fluffing, dressing, accessorizing, and naming of their teddy bears and other stuffed animals. We also operate e-commerce sites that focus on gift-giving, collectible merchandise and licensed products that appeal to consumers that have an affinity for characters from a range of licensed properties. Over the last 25 years, Build-A-Bear has become a brand with high consumer awareness and positive affinity. We believe there are opportunities to leverage this brand strength, pop-culture status and multi-generational appeal and generate incremental revenue and profits through licensing our intellectual properties through content and entertainment development for kids and adults while also offering products at wholesale and in non-plush consumer categories through outbound licensing agreements with leading manufacturers.

 

We seek to provide outstanding guest service and experiences across all channels and touch points including our retail locations, our e-commerce sites, our mobile sites and apps as well as traditional, digital and social media. We believe the hands-on and interactive nature of our experience locations, our personal service model and engaging digital shopping experiences result in guests forming an emotional connection with our brand which has multi-generational appeal that captures today’s zeitgeist including desire for engaging experiences, personalization and “DIY” while being recognized as trusted, giving, and a part of pop culture.

 

We believe there are opportunities to extend the reach and size of our diverse consumer segments through expanded products and licensing relationships, evolved experiences, and incremental occasions, partnerships, and marketing activities. We believe we can further develop our business by creating a continuous circle of engagement with expanded programs including outbound branded licensing and entertainment that drives retail performance and leverages our brand equity which may in turn positively impact other channels of distribution. We remain focused on our strategic priorities which are centered on three key areas:

 

  Drive continued digital transformation and broaden our total addressable market while leveraging enhanced omni-channel capabilities. We expect to more effectively use our expanded digital capabilities and platforms to inform and drive marketing and content campaigns and deliver personalized experiences and promotional messaging to both acquire new guests and increase repeat purchases from existing consumers. We also plan to leverage the expansion of our total addressable market by reaching beyond the core kid base and continuing to acquire new tween, teen, and adult consumers by offering unique affinity offerings, expanding gift-giving and adding new purchase occasions. We prepared for and launched the planned update to our e-commerce site with extended testing and algorithm refinements being made throughout the year on multiple points from the landing page to checkout. In addition, we plan to grow our core kids and family business with new product launches, incremental purchase occasions and engaging digital marketing content.
     
  Expand brand access with additional experience locations and increase brand engagement leveraging strategic partnerships, pop-culture status and digital media, content and entertainment. In fiscal 2023, we expect a net increase in the number of stores in North America inclusive of third-party retail sites and to have more corporately-operated locations in Europe compared to the end of fiscal 2022. Combined across geographies and business models, we plan to have more total locations at the end of fiscal 2023 compared to the end of fiscal 2022. We have made a concerted effort to shift to non-traditional locations including family-centric tourist and hospitality sites and now have approximately 35% of our total retail locations in non-traditional settings. While tourist sites have been and will remain a critical part of our overarching location expansion strategy, recent research data supports our opportunity to reengage in profitable expansion of our corporately-operated experience locations on a more localized level, particularly given the numerous and flexible models we have developed in the past few years. We also continue to develop innovative experiences to expand our brand reach. This includes Build-A-Bear vending machines, also known as ATMs or automatic teddy machines. In addition, we plan to continue to utilize digital media, content and entertainment as marketing and brand-building tools to engage consumers, create incremental value and drive in-person and online traffic and demand. 
     
 

Optimize our solid financial position including a strong balance sheet to support our business, make investments that drive sustained profitable growth and continue to deliver value to shareholders. We plan to maintain disciplined expense management particularly in light of changes in overall consumer shopping trends, recent inflationary pressures, wage increases and supply chain challenges. We are also focused on ongoing lease negotiations as we continue to evolve our real estate portfolio with new locations, formats and business models. In addition, we expect to continue to strategically manage our capital to support key initiatives and innovative developments designed to deliver long-term profitable growth while returning value to shareholders through actions such as the dividends announced by our Board of Directors and paid in fiscal 2021 and 2023 totaling $41.5 million as well as share repurchase programs authorized by the Board of Directors in fiscal 2021 and 2022 where we have utilized $43.7 million under both programs to repurchase nearly 2.5 million shares through the end of the fiscal third quarter fiscal 2023.

   

During the last two weeks of our fiscal third quarter, revenues were negatively impacted simultaneous with the widely reported consumer spending softness. The effects of this decline in consumer spending persisted into November 2023, the beginning of our fiscal fourth quarter, continuing to negatively impact our revenues.

 

 

 

Retail Stores:

 

Corporately-Operated Locations:

 

The table below sets forth the number of Build-A-Bear Workshop corporately-operated stores in North America and Europe for the periods presented:

 

   

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
   

October 28, 2023

   

October 29, 2022

 
   

North America

   

Europe

   

Total

   

North America

   

Europe

   

Total

 

Beginning of period

    312       38       350       305       41       346  

Opened

    6       1       7       8       -       8  

Closed

    -       (1 )     (1 )     (1 )     (6 )     (7 )

End of period

    318       38       356       312       35       347  

 

As of October 28, 2023, 47% of our corporately-operated stores were in an updated Discovery format. We also expect to close certain stores in accordance with natural lease events as an ongoing part of our real estate management and day-to-day operational plans. The future of our retail store fleet may include expansion into more non-traditional locations, including concourse format shops and by expansion in other locations outside of traditional malls.

 

Third-Party Retail Locations:

 

The number of third-party retail locations opened and closed for the periods presented below is summarized as follows:

 

   

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
   

October 28, 2023

   

October 29, 2022

 

Beginning of period

    70       61  

Opened

    15       6  

Closed

    -       (2 )

End of period

    85       65  

 

Through our partner-operated third-party retail model, there were 85 stores in operation at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2023 with relationships that included Carnival Cruise Line, Great Wolf Lodge Resorts, Landry's, Beaches Family Resorts, and Kalahari. This model is capital light for us, with the partner company building out and operating the workshops including providing the real estate location and covering the cost of labor and inventory, which is purchased on a wholesale basis. These locations are heavily weighted to the hospitality industry, which allow us to further advance our focus on experience location expansion in non-traditional and tourist areas, as well as shop-in-shop arrangements within other retailers’ stores.

 

International Franchise Stores:

 

Our first franchisee location was opened in November 2003. All franchised stores have similar signage, store layout, merchandise characteristics and guest experience as our corporately-operated stores. As of October 28, 2023, we had 5 master franchise agreements, which typically grant franchise rights for a particular country or group of countries, covering an aggregate of 8 countries.

 

The number of franchised stores opened and closed for the periods presented below are summarized as follows:

 

   

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
    October 28, 2023     October 29, 2022  

Beginning of period

    68       72  

Opened

    8       9  

Closed

    (6 )     (15 )

End of period

    70       66  

 

In the ordinary course of business, we anticipate signing additional master franchise agreements in the future and terminating other such agreements. We source fixtures and other supplies for our franchisees from China which significantly reduces the capital and lowers the expenses required to open franchises. We are leveraging new formats that have been developed for our corporately-operated locations such as concourses and shop-in-shops with our franchisees.

 

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, selected income statement data expressed as a percentage of total revenues, except where otherwise indicated. Percentages will not total due to cost of merchandise sold being expressed as a percentage of net retail sales, commercial revenue, international franchising, respectively, as well as immaterial rounding:

 

BUILD-A-BEAR WORKSHOP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

   

Thirteen weeks ended

   

Thirty-nine weeks ended

 
   

October 28,

   

October 29,

   

October 28,

   

October 29,

 
   

2023

   

2022

   

2023

   

2022

 

Revenues:

                               

Net retail sales

    93.4 %     95.0 %     93.8 %     95.4 %

Commercial revenue

    5.6       3.9       5.3       3.9  

International franchising

    1.0       1.1       0.9       0.7  

Total revenues

    100.0       100.0       100.0       100.0  
                                 

Costs and expenses:

                               

Cost of merchandise sold - retail (1)

    47.4       47.7       46.3       48.5  

Cost of merchandise sold - commercial (1)

    44.4       46.8       47.8       46.7  

Cost of merchandise sold - international franchising (1)

    62.2       77.0       64.2       67.4  

Total cost of merchandise sold

    47.3       48.0       46.5       48.6  

Consolidated gross profit

    52.7       51.9       53.5       51.4  

Selling, general and administrative

    43.3       42.5       41.7       40.4  

Interest (income) expense, net

    (0.3 )     0.0       (0.2 )     0.0  

Income before income taxes

    9.6       9.5       11.9       11.1  

Income tax expense

    2.6       2.3       2.9       2.6  

Net income

    7.1       7.1       9.1       8.5  
                                 

Retail Gross Margin (2)

    52.6 %     52.3 %     53.7 %