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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

____________________________________________________________________________

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024

OR

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                           to

Commission file number 1-9595

______________________________________________________________

Picture 3

BEST BUY CO., INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Minnesota

 

41-0907483

State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

7601 Penn Avenue South

Richfield, Minnesota

 

55423

(Zip Code)

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

(612) 291-1000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.10 par value per share

BBY

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.     Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.     Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.    

If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.     

Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).    

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).                                                                                             Yes  No 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of July 28, 2023, was approximately $14.1 billion, computed by reference to the price of $82.90 per share, the price at which the common equity was last sold on July 28, 2023, as reported on the New York Stock Exchange-Composite Index. (For purposes of this calculation, all of the registrant’s directors and executive officers are deemed affiliates of the registrant.)

As of March 13, 2024, the registrant had 215,381,395 shares of its common stock, $0.10 par value per share, issued and outstanding. 


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant's Definitive Proxy Statement relating to its 2024 Regular Meeting of Shareholders ("Proxy Statement") are incorporated by reference into Part III. The Proxy Statement will be filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT PURSUANT TO THE

PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995

Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), provide a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements to encourage companies to provide prospective information about their companies. With the exception of historical information, the matters discussed in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are forward-looking statements and may be identified by the use of words such as “anticipate,” “appear,” “approximate,” “assume,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “foresee,” “guidance,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “outlook,” “plan,” “possible,” “project” “seek,” “should,” “would,” and other words and terms of similar meaning or the negatives thereof. Such statements reflect our current view with respect to future events and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions. A variety of factors could cause our future results to differ materially from the anticipated results expressed in such forward-looking statements. Readers should review Item 1A, Risk Factors, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for a description of important factors that could cause our future results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report or as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update our forward-looking statements.


2


BEST BUY FISCAL 2024 FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

4

Item 1.

Business.

4

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

8

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments.

18

Item 1C.

Cybersecurity.

18

Item 2.

Properties.

19

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings.

20

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

20

 

Information about our Executive Officers.

21

PART II

 

22

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

22

Item 6.

[Reserved].

23

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

23

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

34

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

35

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

64

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures.

64

Item 9B.

Other Information.

64

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections.

65

PART III

 

65

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

65

Item 11.

Executive Compensation.

65

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

65

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

65

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

65

PART IV

 

65

Item 15.

Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules.

65

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary.

67

 

Signatures.

68


3


PART I

Item 1. Business.

Unless the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “us” and “our” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K refer to Best Buy Co., Inc. and, as applicable, its consolidated subsidiaries. Any references to our website addresses do not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on the websites.

Description of Business

We were incorporated in the state of Minnesota in 1966. We are driven by our purpose to enrich lives through technology and our vision to personalize and humanize technology solutions for every stage of life. We accomplish this by leveraging our unique combination of tech expertise and a human touch to meet our customers’ everyday needs, whether they come to us online, visit our stores or invite us into their homes. We have operations in the U.S. and Canada.

Segments and Geographic Areas

We have two reportable segments: Domestic and International. The Domestic segment is comprised of our operations in all states, districts and territories of the U.S. and our Best Buy Health business, and includes the brand names Best Buy, Best Buy Ads, Best Buy Business, Best Buy Health, CST, Current Health, Geek Squad, Lively, Magnolia, Pacific Kitchen and Home, TechLiquidators and Yardbird; and the domain names bestbuy.com, currenthealth.com, lively.com, techliquidators.com and yardbird.com. Our International segment is comprised of all operations in Canada under the brand names Best Buy, Best Buy Mobile and Geek Squad and the domain name bestbuy.ca.

Operations

Our Domestic and International segments are managed by leadership teams responsible for all areas of the business. Both segments operate an omnichannel platform that allows customers to come to us online, visit our stores or invite us into their homes.

Development of merchandise and service offerings, pricing and promotions, procurement and supply chain, online and mobile application operations, marketing and advertising and labor deployment across all channels are centrally managed. In addition, support capabilities (for example, human resources, finance, information technology and real estate management) operate from our corporate headquarters. We also have field operations that support retail, services and in-home teams from our corporate headquarters and regional locations. Our retail stores have procedures for inventory management, asset protection, transaction processing, customer relations, store administration, product sales and services, staff training and merchandise display that are largely standardized. All stores generally operate under standard procedures with a degree of flexibility for store management to address certain local market characteristics. While day-to-day operations of our stores are led by store management, more strategic decisions regarding, for example, store locations, format, category assortment and fulfillment strategy, are led by our corporate teams with input from market or regional leadership.

Our Best Buy Health business has a dedicated leadership team that manages the day-to-day affairs of all aspects of its business, while receiving support from certain Best Buy enterprise capabilities.

Merchandise and Services

Our Domestic and International segments have offerings in six revenue categories. The key components of each revenue category are as follows:

Computing and Mobile Phones - computing (including desktops, notebooks and peripherals), mobile phones (including related mobile network carrier commissions), networking, tablets (including e-readers) and wearables (including smartwatches);

Consumer Electronics - digital imaging, health and fitness products, home theater (including home theater accessories, soundbars and televisions), portable audio (including headphones and portable speakers) and smart home;

Appliances - large appliances (including dishwashers, laundry, ovens and refrigerators) and small appliances (including blenders, coffee makers, vacuums and personal care);

Entertainment - drones, gaming (including hardware, peripherals and software), movies, toys, virtual reality and other software;

Services - delivery, health-related services, installation, memberships, repair, set-up, technical support and warranty-related services; and

Other - other product offerings, including baby, food and beverage and outdoor living.

Distribution

Customers within our Domestic and International segments who purchase product online have the choice to pick up product at a Best Buy store (including curbside pick-up for many products at most Domestic stores) or at an alternative pick-up location or take delivery direct to their residence or place of business. Our ship-from-store capability allows us to offer additional fast and convenient delivery options for customers. Most merchandise is shipped directly from manufacturers to our distribution centers.

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Suppliers and Inventory

Our Domestic and International segments purchase merchandise from a variety of suppliers. In fiscal 2024, our 20 largest suppliers accounted for approximately 80% of the merchandise we purchased, with five suppliers – Apple, Samsung, HP, Sony and LG – representing approximately 55% of total merchandise purchased. We generally do not have long-term written contracts with our vendors that would require them to continue supplying us with merchandise or that secure any of the key terms of our arrangements.

We carefully monitor and manage our inventory levels in an effort to match quantities on hand with consumer demand as closely as possible. Key elements to our inventory management process include the following: continuous monitoring of consumer demand, continuous monitoring and adjustment of inventory receipt levels and pricing, agreements with vendors relating to reimbursement for the cost of markdowns or sales incentives, and agreements with vendors relating to return privileges for certain products.

We also have a global sourcing operation to design, develop, test and contract-manufacture our exclusive brands products.

Store Development

We had 1,125 stores at the end of fiscal 2024 throughout our Domestic and International segments. Our stores are a vital component of our omnichannel strategy, and we believe they are an important competitive advantage. We also have vendor store-within-a-store concepts to allow closer vendor partnerships and a higher quality customer experience. We continuously look for opportunities to optimize our store space, renegotiate leases and selectively open or close locations to support our operations.

Refer to Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for tables reconciling our Domestic and International segment stores open at the end of each of the last three fiscal years.

Intellectual Property

We own or have the right to use valuable intellectual property such as trademarks, service marks and trade names, including, but not limited to, Best Buy, Best Buy Ads, Best Buy Essentials, Best Buy Health, Best Buy Mobile, CST, Current Health, Dynex, Geek Squad, Insignia, Jitterbug, Lively, Magnolia, Modal, My Best Buy, Pacific Kitchen and Home, Pacific Sales, Platinum, Rocketfish, TechLiquidatorsYardbird and our Yellow Tag logo.

We have secured domestic and international trademark and service mark registrations for many of our brands. We have also secured patents for many of our inventions. We believe our intellectual property has significant value and is an important factor in the marketing of our company, our stores, our products and our websites.

Seasonality

Our business, like that of many retailers, is seasonal. A large proportion of our revenue and earnings is generated in the fiscal fourth quarter, which includes the majority of the holiday shopping season.

Working Capital

We fund our business operations through a combination of available cash and cash equivalents and cash flows generated from operations. In addition, our revolving credit facilities are available for additional working capital needs, for general corporate purposes, investments and growth opportunities. Our working capital needs typically increase in the months leading up to the holiday shopping season as we purchase inventory in advance of expected sales.

Competition

Our competitors are primarily multi-channel retailers, e-commerce businesses, technology service providers, traditional store-based retailers, vendors and mobile network carriers who offer their products and services directly to customers. We believe our ability to help customers online, in our stores and in their homes, and to connect technology product and solutions with customer needs, provide us key competitive advantages. Some of our competitors have lower cost operating structures and seek to compete for sales primarily on price. We carefully monitor pricing offered by other retailers and service providers, as maintaining price competitiveness is one of our ongoing priorities. In addition, we have price-matching policies that allow customers to request that we match a price offered by certain retail stores and online operators. In order to allow this, we are focused on maintaining efficient operations and leveraging the economies of scale available to us through our global vendor partnerships. We believe our dedicated and knowledgeable people; our integrated online, retail and in-home assets; our broad and curated product assortment; our strong vendor partnerships; our service and support offerings designed to solve real customer needs; our unique ability to showcase technology in distinct store formats; and our supply chain are important ways in which we maintain our competitive advantage.

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Environmental and Social

As we pursue our purpose to enrich lives through technology, we are committed to having a positive impact on the world, the environment and the communities in which we operate through interactions with all of our stakeholders, including our customers, employees, vendor partners, community partners and shareholders.

The Nominating, Corporate Governance and Public Policy Committee of our Board of Directors (“Board”) advises and oversees management regarding the effectiveness and risks of our environmental, social and governance strategy, programs and initiatives, including environmental goals and progress, social responsibility programs, initiatives and public policy positions and advocacy.

Environmental

We are committed to propelling the circular economy forward, a system that aims to reduce waste and preserve resources. We focus on our highest-impact areas, including in our operations, through the energy we procure and through the products we sell.

In our operations, we strive to reduce the use of natural resources. We believe the following focus areas will help to reduce the use of natural resources and our impact on the environment while improving our efficiency and profitability:

In our ongoing efforts to reduce carbon emissions in our operations, we support energy efficiency programs, including investments in energy efficiency improvements, deploying small-scale onsite and utility-scale renewable energy systems and neutralizing residual emissions.

We monitor our water consumption across our business to identify and manage programs that lessen our dependence on water.

To reduce waste and maximize resource efficiency, we continue our efforts to build a more sustainable supply chain by focusing on certifying our warehousing operations as TRUE zero waste.

Our focus on sustainable products is centered on helping our customers reduce their impact on the environment through the products we sell. We do this by providing a variety of energy-efficient products to our customers.

We also support the circular economy by keeping consumer products in use for as long as possible through our repair and trade-in services. We put materials back into the manufacturing process when products reach the end of their lives through our electronics and appliance recycling program.

Social

Human Rights and Responsible Sourcing

We are committed to respecting and advancing human rights through our alignment with the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Further, across all the products and services we procure, we seek to enhance our partnership with suppliers and create value for all stakeholders through our Responsible Sourcing Program. We are active members of the Responsible Business Alliance, which allows us to partner with many of the brands we sell, including Apple, Intel, Microsoft and Samsung. Collectively, we embrace a common Supplier Code of Conduct and audit methodology that seeks to improve working and environmental conditions in the supply chain.

Community Impact

Best Buy is committed to helping prepare teens from disinvested communities for the tech-reliant careers of the future. Employee volunteer programs like Geek Squad Academy spark excitement and interest in technology for young learners, while engaging our employees’ unique technical expertise.

Best Buy also serves as a fiscal sponsor of the Best Buy Foundation™, whose signature Best Buy Teen Tech Center® program consists of a network of youth-centered community hubs where teens can engage with the latest technology, learn career skills, and interact with safe and supportive mentors. As of February 3, 2024, the Best Buy Foundation™ supported a network of 59 Best Buy Teen Tech Center® locations across the U.S. and Canada, working toward a goal of supporting 100 locations.

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Human Capital Management

We believe in the power of our people. Our culture is built on the belief that engaged and committed employees – supported by opportunities to learn, grow, innovate and explore – can lead to extraordinary outcomes. At the end of fiscal 2024, we employed more than 85,000 employees in the U.S. and Canada.

Inclusion, Diversity and Equity

We are proud and encouraged by what we have accomplished collectively to expand inclusion, diversity and equity at Best Buy over the past few years. Now we are evolving our strategic focus to advance four specific outcomes:

Employee Engagement: We want Best Buy employees to feel connected to the company’s values, vision and purpose, and have opportunities to thrive.

Retention: Best Buy seeks to establish and uphold a best-in-class retention approach across all demographics.

Representation: We aim to provide Best Buy employees from diverse backgrounds with equal opportunities at all levels in the organization.

Culture of Belonging: Best Buy endeavors to foster an environment where employees feel welcomed and can build strong relationships through demonstrating our inclusive behaviors: vulnerability, empathy, courage and grace.

The Compensation and Human Resources Committee of our Board supports the development of an inclusive and diverse culture through oversight of our human resources policies and program. The Nominating, Corporate Governance and Public Policy Committee of our Board recommends criteria for the selection of individuals to be considered as candidates for election to the Board.

Training and Development

We continue to invest in our employees and their skill development to enable customized learning experiences. This helps to create a more adaptable and resilient workforce and enhances our competitive advantage. With the continued goal of personalizing learning opportunities, we transitioned to offering new types of training experiences in fiscal 2024. This included side-by-side trainings, enabling employees to learn and grow alongside their peers and leaders in condensed training formats.

Examples of enhancements include:

We evolved the onboarding experience, optimizing this for new employees. We also created new, consistent onboarding experiences in our supply chain, services teams, call centers and project teams.

We built an internal program to apply industry-leading learning methodologies and focused on building enterprise leaders who are more equipped to lead through times of uncertainty and change, while growing and transforming Best Buy for the future.

Employee Benefits

Our benefits aim to support employees’ overall well-being. In fiscal 2024, we continued our focus on:

Caregiver support benefits through Joshin, a support system for employees and their loved ones with a focus on disabilities and neurodivergence;

Caregiver support benefits that enable employees to receive personalized help in a time of great need through Wellthy, a program that helps with emergency housing, healthcare, substance abuse, complex eldercare issues and other moments of crisis;

Pay continuation (paid leave) and caregiver pay so employees can care for themselves and their loved ones;

Parental leave that provides qualifying employees up to 10 weeks at 100% pay;

Dedicated support through Included Health, a benefit that connects members to culturally competent providers who understand the unique needs of their community;

Access to physical and mental health virtual visits;

Emergency assistance through the HOPE Fund – Helping Our People in Emergencies – in equal partnership with the Richard M. Schultze Family Foundation, providing employees in hardship situations an opportunity to receive up to $2,500 in financial assistance;

Mental health, including our commitment to raise awareness about mental health, equipping employees with training to notice issues in themselves or others, and then find help; and

Tuition assistance, including the expansion of our partnership schools giving eligible employees the opportunity to earn a degree with no out-of-pocket costs.

The Compensation and Human Resources Committee of our Board oversees risks related to our human capital management through its regular review of our practices, policies and programs, which includes overall employee wellness and engagement in these areas, employee benefit plan compliance, leadership succession planning and wage, retention and hiring programs.

For more information on environmental and social matters, as well as human capital management, please see Best Buy’s Fiscal 2024 Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability Report expected to be published later this year, at https://corporate.bestbuy.com/sustainability. This website and the report are not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are not incorporated by reference herein.

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Available Information

We are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act and its rules and regulations. The Exchange Act requires us to file reports, proxy statements and other information with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). We make available, free of charge on our website, our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements and amendments to these reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file these documents with, or furnish them to, the SEC. These documents are posted on our website at https://investors.bestbuy.com. The SEC also maintains a website that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers, including us, that file electronically with the SEC at https://sec.gov.

We also make available, free of charge on our website, our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, Amended and Restated By-laws, the Corporate Governance Principles of our Board and our Code of Business Ethics adopted by our Board, as well as the charters of all of our Board's committees: Audit Committee; Compensation and Human Resources Committee; Finance and Investment Policy Committee; and Nominating, Corporate Governance and Public Policy Committee. These documents are posted on our website at https://investors.bestbuy.com.

Copies of any of the above-referenced documents will also be made available, free of charge, upon written request to Best Buy Co., Inc. Investor Relations Department at 7601 Penn Avenue South, Richfield, MN 55423-3645.

Website and Social Media Disclosure

We disclose information to the public concerning Best Buy, Best Buy’s products, content and services and other items through our websites in order to achieve broad, non-exclusionary distribution of information to the public. Some of the information distributed through this channel may be considered material information. Investors and others are encouraged to review the information we make public in the locations below.* This list may be updated from time to time.

For information concerning Best Buy and its products, content and services, please visit: https://bestbuy.com.

For information provided to the investment community, including news releases, events and presentations, and filings with the SEC, please visit: https://investors.bestbuy.com.

For the latest information from Best Buy, including press releases, please visit: https://corporate.bestbuy.com/archive/.

* These corporate websites, and the contents thereof, are not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K nor deemed filed with the SEC.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Described below are certain risks we believe apply to our business and the industry in which we operate. The risks are categorized using the following headings: external, strategic, operational, regulatory and legal, and financial and market. Each of the following risk factors should be carefully considered in conjunction with other information provided in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and in our other public disclosures. The risks described below highlight potential events, trends or other circumstances that could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, liquidity, or access to sources of financing and, consequently, the market value of our common stock and debt instruments. These risks could cause our future results to differ materially from historical results and from guidance we may provide regarding our expectations of future financial performance. The risks described below are not an exhaustive list of all the risks we face. There may be others that we have not identified or that we have deemed to be immaterial. All forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf are qualified by the risks described below.

External Risks

Macroeconomic pressures, including, but not limited to, the current geopolitical climate, may adversely affect consumer spending and our financial results.

To varying degrees, our products and services are sensitive to changes in macroeconomic conditions that impact consumer spending. As a result, consumers may be affected in many ways, including, for example:

whether or not they make a purchase;

their choice of brand, model or price-point;

how frequently they upgrade or replace their devices; and

their appetite for complementary services (for example, My Best Buy Plus™ or My Best Buy Total™ membership).

Real GDP growth, inflation (including wage inflation), consumer confidence, phasing out of public-health-emergency supports, employment levels, oil prices, interest, tax and foreign currency exchange rates, availability of consumer financing, housing market conditions, limitations on a government’s ability to borrow and/or spend capital, cost of living (e.g., food, fuel), any recession (and resulting corresponding declines in consumer sentiment) and other macroeconomic trends can adversely affect consumer demand for the products and services that we offer. In addition to general levels of inflation, we are also subject to risks of specific inflationary pressures on product prices due to, for example, high consumer demand and supply chain disruptions. We may be unable to increase our prices sufficiently to offset these pressures.

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Geopolitical issues around the world and how our markets are positioned can also impact macroeconomic conditions and could have a material adverse impact on our financial results. These issues include, but are not limited to, the following:

The conflict in Ukraine has exacerbated global geopolitical tensions, and may continue to significantly impact fuel prices, inflation, the global supply chain, cybersecurity and other macroeconomic conditions, which may further adversely affect global economic growth, consumer confidence and demand for our products and services. Russia is a significant global producer of both fuel and raw materials used in certain products we sell, including nickel, aluminum and copper. Disruptions in the markets for those inputs, or other inputs produced by Russia, whether due to sanctions, market pressure to avoid purchasing inputs from Russia or otherwise, could increase overall material costs for many of the products we sell. We cannot predict the extent or duration of sanctions in response to the conflict in Ukraine, nor can we predict the effects of legislative or other governmental actions or regulatory scrutiny of Russia, its allies or other countries with which Russia has significant trade or financial ties, including China.

Further deterioration of relations between Taiwan and China, the resulting actions taken, the response of the international community and other factors affecting trade with China or political or economic conditions in Taiwan could disrupt the manufacturing of products or hardware components in the region, such as semiconductors and television panels sourced from Taiwan or the broader array of products sourced from China.

The Israel-Hamas War has heightened geopolitical tensions in the Middle East region. Additionally, attacks on cargo ships in the Red Sea, catalyzed by the Israel-Hamas War, have disrupted Red Sea shipping lanes and may continue to disrupt global trade flows and impact shipping capacity.

One or more of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our supply chain, the cost of our products or our revenues and financial results.

Catastrophic events, including the effects of climate change, could adversely affect our operating results.

The risk or actual occurrence of various catastrophic events could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance. Events that affect our properties, supply chain, partners, workforce or customers may consist of, or be caused by, for example:

natural disasters or extreme weather events (such as earthquakes, floods, fires and droughts), including those related to, or exacerbated by, climate change;

diseases or pandemics;

power loss, telecommunications failures, or software or hardware malfunctions; or

terrorism (including related cyber threats), civil unrest, violent acts or other conflicts.

In recent years, we observed an increase in the number and severity of certain catastrophic events in many of our markets. Such events can adversely affect our workforce and prevent employees and customers from reaching our stores and properties. Additionally, heightened social unrest and violence and crime in or around our stores, customer homes or businesses where we are performing services may further jeopardize the safety and security of our workforce and customers. Catastrophic events can also disrupt or disable portions of our supply chain, distribution network and third-party business operations that may impact our ability to procure goods or services required for business operations at the quantities and levels we require. Finally, such events can also affect our information technology systems, resulting in disruption to various aspects of our operations, including our ability to transact with customers and fulfill orders. The adverse effects of any such catastrophic event would be exacerbated if experienced at the same time as another unexpected and adverse event, such as a pandemic.

Three of our largest states by total sales (California, Texas and Florida) are areas where natural disasters and extreme weather conditions have been, and could continue to be, more prevalent. Natural disasters and climate-related events in those states and other areas where our sales and operations are concentrated could result in significant physical damage to or closure of our stores, distribution centers or other facilities.

Further, current events associated with social injustice or inequality, along with the ensuing social activism, tension and potential for violence, may impact our workforce, customers, properties and the communities where we operate. If our customers and employees do not perceive our response to be appropriate or adequate for a particular region or for our company as a whole, we could suffer damage to our reputation and brand, which could adversely affect our business. As a consequence of these or other catastrophic events, we may experience interruption to our operations or losses of property, equipment and/or inventory, which could adversely affect our revenue and profitability.

Many of the products we sell are highly susceptible to technological advancement, product life cycle fluctuations and changes in consumer preferences.

We operate in a highly, increasingly dynamic industry sector fueled by constant technological innovation and disruption, including most recently by the proliferation of artificial intelligence (“AI”) technologies. These factors manifest in a variety of ways: the emergence of new products and categories, the rapid maturation of categories, cannibalization of categories, changing price points and product replacement and upgrade cycles.

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This rapid pace of change can be hard to predict and manage. If we fail to interpret, predict and react to these changes in a timely and effective manner, the consequences may include, but are not limited to:

failure to offer the products and services that our customers want;

excess inventory, which may require heavy discounting or liquidation;

inability to secure adequate access to brands or products for which consumer demand exceeds supply;

delays in adapting our merchandising, marketing or supply chain capabilities to accommodate changes in product trends; and

damage to our brand and reputation.

These and other similar factors could have a material adverse impact on our revenue and profitability.

Strategic Risks

We face strong competition from multi-channel retailers, e-commerce businesses, technology service providers, traditional store-based retailers, vendors and mobile network carriers, which directly affects our revenue and profitability.

While we constantly strive to offer consumers the best value, the retail sector is highly competitive. Price is of great importance to most customers, and price transparency and comparability continues to increase. Digital technology enables consumers to compare prices on a real-time basis, putting additional pressure on us to maintain competitive prices. We compete with many local, regional, national and international retailers (both online and brick and mortar), as well as some of our vendors and mobile network carriers that market their products directly to consumers. Competition is becoming increasingly diverse, including in the advertising revenue space and may also result from new entrants into the markets we serve, including unforeseen players that may be able to more aggressively leverage technologies (for example AI and platform integrations).

The retail sector continues to experience increased sales initiated online and using mobile applications, as well as online sales for both in-store or curbside pick-up. Online and multi-channel retailers continue to focus on delivery services, with customers increasingly seeking faster, guaranteed delivery times and low-cost or free shipping. Our ability to offer competitive delivery times and delivery costs depends on many factors and our failure to successfully manage these factors and offer competitive delivery options could negatively impact the demand for our products and our profit margins. Because our business strategy is based on offering superior levels of customer service and a full range of services to complement the products we offer, our cost structure might be higher than some of our competitors, and this, in conjunction with price transparency, could put pressure on our margins. As these and related competitive factors evolve, we may experience material adverse pressure on our revenue and profitability.

If we fail to attract, retain and engage qualified employees, our operations and profitability may be negatively impacted. In addition, changes in market compensation rates could adversely affect our profitability.

Our performance is highly dependent on attracting, retaining and engaging appropriately qualified employees in our stores, service centers, distribution centers, field and corporate offices. Our strategy of offering high-quality services and assistance for our customers requires a highly trained and engaged workforce. The turnover rate in the retail sector is relatively high and there is an ongoing need to recruit and train new employees. Factors that affect our ability to maintain sufficient numbers of qualified employees include, for example, employee engagement, our reputation, unemployment rates, competition from other employers, availability of qualified personnel and our ability to offer appropriate compensation and benefit packages. Failure to recruit or retain qualified employees may impair our efficiency and effectiveness and our ability to pursue growth opportunities. In addition, significant turnover of our executive team or other employees in key positions with specific knowledge relating to our operations and industry may negatively impact our operations.

We operate in a competitive labor market and there is a risk that market increases in compensation and employer-provided benefits could have a material adverse effect on our profitability. We may also be subject to continued market pressure to increase employee hourly wage rates and increased cost pressure on employer-provided benefits. Our need to implement corresponding adjustments within our labor model and compensation and benefit packages could have a material adverse impact on the profitability of our business. Additionally, increasingly prevalent legal and regulatory restrictions on the terms or enforceability of non-competition, employee non-solicitation, confidentiality and similar restrictive covenant clauses could make it more difficult to retain qualified personnel.

Our strategy to expand into new products and services (including health technology, services and logistics) brings new business, financial and regulatory risks.

We are introducing new products and services, particularly in the health sector, into new market areas. As these are new technologies for new markets, the first product and service iterations may require further invention and refinement. Our customers may not like our new value propositions. These offerings may present persistent technology and regulatory challenges and we may be subject to claims if customers of these offerings experience service disruptions, failures or other issues. These and other related issues could have a material adverse impact on our financial results and reputation.

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This expanded risk increases the complexity of our business and places significant responsibility on our management, employees, operations, systems, technical expertise, financial resources and internal financial and regulatory control and reporting functions. Our emerging initiatives may subject us to significant laws or regulations. For example:

We navigate a regulated medical device environment, including oversight by various government and regulatory agencies including, but not limited to, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”).

We participate in government healthcare programs including, but not limited to, Medicaid as a provider of Personal Emergency Response System (“PERS”) devices and services.

Sales of Lively mobile phones and service plans subjects us to regulation as a telecommunications provider, including Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) oversight.

The collection, storage, use and disclosure of personal information, subjects us to privacy and security requirements. Notably, portions of the health business are subject to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (“HIPAA”) and certain of Current Health’s international operations are subject to the UK’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR,” as retained in UK law). State data privacy laws are also rapidly changing, such as Washington’s new My Health, My Data Act with a private right of action, raising new considerations and challenges.

Non-compliance with conditions imposed by regulatory authorities related to any of the above activities may lead to a range of consequences, including, but not limited to, customer complaints, individual consumer claims or class actions, product recalls, temporary bans on products, stoppages at production facilities, orders to stop providing services, remediation costs, corrective action plans, fines, penalties, regulatory enforcement actions, potential loss of business and impairment of our ability to continue participation in government healthcare programs, any of which could adversely affect our operations, financial results and reputation.

Our focus on services exposes us to certain risks that could have a material adverse impact on our revenue, profitability and reputation.

We offer a full range of services that complement our product offerings, including consultation, delivery, design, installation, memberships, protection plans, repair, set-up, technical support and health, safety and caregiving monitoring and support. Designing, marketing and executing these services is subject to incremental risks. These risks include, for example:

sustained increase in consumer desire to purchase product offerings online and through mobile applications, impacting our ability to sell ancillary services;

increased labor expense to fulfill our customer promises;

increased pressure on margins from our Best Buy membership offerings, and the risk that increased volumes will not fully compensate for lower margins, or for loss of revenue and profit from revenue streams that are now included as benefits;

pressure on traditional labor models to meet the evolving landscape of offerings and customer needs;

use of third-party services that fail to meet our standards or fail to comply with applicable labor and independent contractor regulations, leading to potential reputational damage and liability risk;

increased risk of errors or omissions in the fulfillment of services;

unpredictable extended warranty failure rates and related expenses;

employees in transit using company vehicles to visit customer locations and employees being present in customer homes, which may increase our scope of liability;

the potential for increased scope of liability relating to managed services offerings;

employees having access to customer devices, including the information held on those devices, which may increase our responsibility for the security of those devices and the privacy of the data they hold;

operational failures arising from growing demands on existing technological infrastructure;

the engagement of third parties to assist with aspects of construction and installation and the potential responsibility for their actions;

the risk that in-home services could be more adversely impacted by inclement weather, health and safety concerns and catastrophic events; and

increased risk of non-compliance with new laws and regulations applicable to these services.

Our reliance on key vendors and mobile network carriers subjects us to various risks and uncertainties which could affect our revenue and profitability.

We source the products we sell from a wide variety of domestic and international vendors. In fiscal 2024, our 20 largest suppliers accounted for approximately 80% of the merchandise we purchased, with five suppliers – Apple, Samsung, HP, Sony and LG - representing approximately 55% of total merchandise purchased. We generally do not have long-term written contracts with our vendors that would require them to continue supplying us with merchandise. Our profitability depends on securing acceptable terms with our vendors for, among other things, the price of merchandise we purchase from them, funding for various forms of promotional programs, payment terms, allocations of merchandise, development of compelling assortments of products, operation of vendor-focused shopping experiences within our stores and terms covering returns and factory warranties. While we believe we offer capabilities that these vendors value and depend upon to varying degrees, our vendors may be able to leverage their competitive advantages for example, their own stores or online channels, their financial strength, the strength of their brands with customers or their relationships with other retailers to our commercial disadvantage. The potential adverse impact of these factors can be amplified by price transparency which can limit our flexibility to modify selling prices and a highly competitive retail environment. Generally, our ability to negotiate favorable terms with our vendors is more difficult with vendors when our purchases represent a smaller proportion of their total revenues and/or when there is less competition for those products. In addition, vendors may decide to limit or cease allowing us to offer certain categories, focus their marketing efforts on alternative channels or make unfavorable changes to our financial or other terms.

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We are also dependent on a small number of mobile carriers to allow us to offer mobile devices with carrier connections. The competitive strategies utilized by mobile network carriers can have a material impact on our business, especially with ongoing consolidation in the mobile industry. For example, if carriers change the structure of contracts, upgrade terms, qualification requirements, monthly fee plans, cancellation fees or service levels, the volume of upgrades and new contracts we sign with customers may be reduced, adversely affecting our revenue and profitability. In addition, our carriers may also serve customers through their own stores, websites, mobile applications and call centers or through other competing retail channels.

Demand for the products and services we sell could decline if we fail to maintain positive brand perception and recognition through a focus on consumer experience.

We operate a portfolio of brands with a commitment to customer service and innovation. We believe that recognition and the reputation of our company and our brands are key to our success. Operational factors, such as failure to deliver high quality services, uncompetitive pricing, failure to meet delivery promises or business interruptions, could damage our reputation. External factors, such as negative public remarks or accusations, or our failure to meet enhanced expectations on corporate response to sensitive topics, could also be damaging. Third parties may commit fraud (including AI-driven fraud) while using our brand without our permission, possibly harming brand perception or reputation. The ubiquity of social media means that customer feedback and other information about our company are shared with a broad audience in a manner that is easily accessible and rapidly disseminated. Damage to the perception or reputation of our brands could result in, among other things, declines in revenues and customer loyalty, decreases in gift card and service plan sales, lower employee retention and productivity and vendor relationship issues, all of which could materially adversely affect our revenue and profitability.

Failure to effectively manage strategic ventures, alliances or acquisitions could have a negative impact on our business.

We may decide to enter into new joint ventures, partnerships, alliances or acquisitions with third parties (collectively, “new ventures”). Assessing the viability of new ventures is typically subject to significant uncertainty, and the success of such new ventures can be adversely affected by many factors, including, for example:

different and incremental business and other risks of the new venture not identified in our diligence assessments;

failure to attract, motivate and retain key employees of the new venture;

uncertainty of forecasting financial performance;

failure to integrate aspects of the new venture into our existing business, such as new product or service offerings or information technology systems;

failure to maintain appropriate internal controls over financial reporting;

failure to generate expected synergies, such as cost reductions;

unforeseen changes in the business environment of the new venture;

disputes or strategic differences with key employees or other third-party participants in the new venture; and

adverse impacts on relationships with vendors and other key partners of our existing business or the new venture.

If our new or emerging strategic ventures are unsuccessful, our liquidity and profitability could be materially adversely affected, and we may be required to recognize material impairments to goodwill and other assets acquired. New ventures may also divert our financial resources and management’s attention from other important areas of our business.

Failure to effectively manage our real estate portfolio may negatively impact our operating results.

Effective management of our real estate portfolio is critical to our omnichannel strategy. Failure to identify and secure suitable locations for our stores and other facilities could impair our ability to compete successfully and our profitability. Most of our properties are leased under multi-year contracts. As such, it is essential that we effectively evaluate a range of factors that may influence the success of our long-term real estate strategy. Such factors include, for example:

changing patterns of customer consumption and behavior, particularly in light of an evolving omnichannel environment;

our ability to adjust store operating models to adapt to these changing patterns;

the location and appropriate number of stores, supply chain and other facilities in our portfolio;

the interior layout, format and size of our stores;

the products and services we offer at each store;

the local competitive positioning, trade area demographics and economic factors for each of our stores;

the primary term lease commitment and long-term lease option coverage for each store; and

the occupancy cost of our stores relative to market rents.

If we fail to effectively evaluate these factors or negotiate appropriate terms, or if unforeseen changes arise, the consequences could include, for example:

closing stores and abandoning the related assets, while retaining the financial commitments of the leases;

incurring significant costs to remodel or transform our stores;

operating stores, supply chain or service locations that no longer meet the needs of our business; and

bearing excessive lease expenses.

These consequences could have a material adverse impact on our profitability, cash flows and liquidity.

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For leased property, the financial impact of exiting a location can vary greatly depending on, among other factors, the terms of the lease, the condition of the local real estate market, demand for the specific property, our ability to fulfill our maintenance and repair obligations, our relationship with the landlord and the availability of potential sub-lease tenants. It is difficult for us to influence some of these factors and the costs of exiting a property can be significant. In addition to rent, we are typically responsible for taxes, insurance and common area maintenance charges for vacant properties until the lease commitment expires or is terminated. Similarly, when we enter into a contract with a tenant to sub-lease property, we usually retain our obligations as the master lessee. This leaves us at risk for any remaining liability in the event of default by the sub-lease tenant.

Operational Risks

Interruptions and other factors affecting our stores and supply chain, including in-bound deliveries from our vendors, may adversely affect our business.

Our stores and supply chain assets are a critical part of our operations, particularly considering industry trends and initiatives, such as ship-from-store and the emphasis on fast delivery when purchasing online. We depend on our vendors’ abilities to deliver products to us at the right location, at the right time and in the right quantities. We also depend on third parties for the operation of certain aspects of our supply chain network. The factors that can adversely affect these aspects of our operations include, but are not limited to:

interruptions to our delivery capabilities;

failure of third parties to meet our standards or commitments;

disruptions to our systems and the need to implement new systems;

limitations in capacity;

global supply chain impacts that could hinder third parties’ ability to meet our demand for product volumes and timing;

increased levels of inventory loss due to organized crime, theft or damage;

risk to our employees and customers arising from burglary or robbery from our stores or other facilities;

consolidation or business failures in the transportation and distribution sectors;

labor strikes, slow-downs, labor shortages or unionization, including as a result of an increasingly competitive job market, affecting our stores or impacting ports or any other aspect of our supply chain;

diseases, pandemics, outbreaks and other health-related concerns; and

increasing transportation costs, including increases related to geopolitical, labor actions and environmental events (for example, droughts impacting Panama Canal shipping capacity).

It is important that we maintain optimal levels of inventory in each store and distribution center and respond rapidly to shifting demands. Any disruption to, or inefficiency in, our supply chain network, whether due to geopolitical conflicts or catastrophic events, could damage our revenue and profitability. The risks associated with our dependence on third parties are greater for small parcel home deliveries because of the relatively small number of carriers with the scope and capacity required by our business. The continuing growth of online purchases for delivery increases our exposure to these risks. If we fail to manage these risks effectively, we could experience a material adverse impact on our reputation, revenue and profitability.

We utilize third-party vendors for certain aspects of our operations, and any material disruption in our relationships or their services may have an adverse impact on our business.

We engage key third-party business partners to support various functions of our business, including, but not limited to, delivery and installation, customer warranty, information technology, web hosting and cloud-based services, customer loyalty programs, promotional financing and customer loyalty credit cards, gift cards, technical support, transportation, insurance programs and human resource operations. Any material disruption in our relationships with key third-party business partners or any disruption in the services or systems provided or managed by third parties could impact our revenues and cost structure and hinder our operations, particularly if a disruption occurs during peak revenue periods.

Our exclusive brands products are subject to several additional product, supply chain and legal risks that could affect our operating results.

Sales of our exclusive brands products, which include the Best Buy Essentials, Dynex, Insignia, Modal, Platinum, Rocketfish, Yardbird and Lively brands, represent an important component of our product offerings and our revenue and profitability. Most of these products are manufactured by contract manufacturers in China and Southeast Asia. This arrangement exposes us to the following additional potential risks, which could have a material adverse effect on our operating results:

we have greater exposure and responsibility to consumers for warranty replacements and repairs as a result of exclusive brands product defects, and our recourse to contract manufacturers for such warranty liabilities may be limited in foreign jurisdictions;

we may be subject to regulatory compliance and/or product liability claims relating to personal injury, death or property damage caused by exclusive brands products, some of which may require us to take significant actions, such as product recalls;

we may experience disruptions in manufacturing or logistics in the future due to inconsistent and unanticipated order patterns, our inability to develop long-term relationships with key manufacturers, diseases or pandemics, ongoing and unforeseen natural disasters or geopolitical crises;

we may not be able to locate manufacturers that meet our internal standards, whether for new exclusive brands products or for migration of the manufacturing of products from an existing manufacturer;

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we may be subject to a greater risk of inventory obsolescence as we do not generally have return-to-vendor rights;

we are subject to developing and often-changing labor and environmental laws for the manufacturing of products in foreign countries, and we may be unable to conform to new rules or interpretations in a timely manner;

we may be subject to claims by technology or other intellectual property owners if we inadvertently infringe upon their patents or other intellectual property rights or if we fail to pay royalties owed on our exclusive brands products;

our operations may be disrupted by trade disputes or excessive tariffs, including any future trade disputes or future phases of trade negotiations with China and we may not be able to source alternatives quickly enough to avoid interruptions in product supply; and

we may be unable to obtain or adequately protect patents and other intellectual property rights on our exclusive brands products or manufacturing processes.

Maintaining consistent quality, availability and competitive pricing of our exclusive brands products helps us build and maintain customer loyalty, generate revenue and achieve acceptable margins. Failure to maintain these factors could have a significant adverse impact on the demand for exclusive brands products and the profits we are able to generate from them.

We are subject to risks associated with vendors that source products outside of the U.S.

Our ability to find qualified vendors who can supply products in a timely and efficient manner that meet our internal standards of quality and safety can be difficult, especially with respect to goods sourced from outside the U.S. Risks such as political or economic instability, cross-border trade restrictions or tariffs, merchandise quality issues, product safety concerns, work stoppages, human rights violations, port delays, foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, transportation capacity and costs, inflation, civil unrest, natural disasters, outbreaks of pandemics and other factors relating to foreign trade are beyond our control. Vendors may also fail to invest adequately in design, production or distribution facilities and may reduce their customer incentives, advertising and promotional activities or change their pricing policies. These and other related issues could have a material adverse impact on our financial results.

We rely heavily on our information technology systems for our key business processes. Any failure or interruption in these systems could have a material adverse impact on our business.

The effective and efficient operation of our business is dependent on our information technology systems and those of our information technology vendors. We rely heavily on these information technology systems to manage all key aspects of our business, including demand forecasting, purchasing, supply chain management, point-of-sale processing, services fulfillment (including, for example, our Urgent Response service provided by Best Buy Health), staff planning and deployment, financial management, reporting and forecasting and safeguarding critical and sensitive information.

Our information technology systems and those of our partners are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, worms, other malicious computer programs, denial-of-service attacks, security breaches (through cyber-attacks and other malicious actions, including ransomware and phishing attacks), the implementation of AI technologies, catastrophic events (such as fires, tornadoes, earthquakes and hurricanes) and usage errors by our employees. While we have adopted, and continue to enhance, business continuity and disaster recovery plans and strategies, there is no guarantee that such plans and strategies will be effective, which could interrupt the functionality of our information technology systems or those of third parties. The failure or interruption of these information systems, data centers, cloud platforms or their backup systems could significantly disrupt our business and cause higher costs and lost revenues and could threaten our ability to remain in operation.

As we continue to migrate more systems to the cloud, we may face additional risks that may compromise our security or disrupt our business capabilities, including ensuring the proper configuration, the unknowns of operating more workloads in the cloud, securing systems in the cloud and the types of cloud-based services we leverage.

We face a heightened risk of cybersecurity attacks or data security incidents and are more dependent on internet and telecommunications access and capabilities.

We utilize complex information technology platforms to operate our websites and mobile applications. If we fail to secure these systems against attacks, or fail to effectively upgrade and maintain our hardware, software, network, and system infrastructure and improve the efficiency and resiliency of our systems, it could cause system interruptions and delays. Disruptions to these services, such as those caused by unforeseen traffic levels, malicious attacks by governments, criminals or other non-state actors, other technical difficulties or events outside of our control, such as natural disasters, power or telecommunications failures or loss of critical data, could prevent us from accepting and fulfilling customer orders for products or services, which could cause us to forgo material revenues, incur material costs and could adversely affect our reputation.

Further, as our online interactions and sales have increased and have become critical to our growth, and as many employees now use hybrid or full-time remote-working arrangements, the risk of any interruption of our information technology system capabilities is heightened, as well as the risk that customer demand exceeds the capacity of our online operations. Any such interruption or capacity constraint could result in a deterioration of our ability to process online sales, provide customer service or perform other necessary business functions.

The integration of AI into our operations increases cybersecurity and privacy risks (including unauthorized or misuse of AI tools) and could lead to potential unauthorized access, misuse, acquisition, release, disclosure, alteration or destruction of company and customer data or other confidential or proprietary information and challenge the stability of our platforms. Further, threat actors may leverage AI to engage in automated, targeted and coordinated attacks of our systems.

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Failure to prevent or effectively respond to a breach of the privacy or security of our customer, employee, vendor or company information could expose us to substantial costs and reputational damage, as well as litigation and enforcement actions.

Our business involves the collection, use and storage of personal information, including payment card information and protected health information, as well as confidential information regarding our employees, vendors and other company information. We also share personal and confidential information with suppliers and other third parties and we use third-party technology and systems that process and transmit information for a variety of activities. We have been the target of attempted cyber-attacks and other security threats and we may be subject to breaches of our information technology systems. While we engage in significant data-protection efforts, criminal activity, such as cyber-attacks, lapses in our controls or the intentional or negligent actions of employees, business associates or third parties, may undermine our privacy and security measures. As a result, unauthorized parties may obtain access to our data systems and misappropriate company, employee, third party or customer information, or authorized parties may use or share personal information in an inappropriate manner or otherwise seek to extract financial gain based on access to, or possession of, company, employee or customer information. Furthermore, because the methods used to obtain unauthorized access change frequently and may not be immediately detected, and given the potentially disruptive nature of emerging technologies (including AI), we may be unable to anticipate such attacks or promptly and effectively respond to them. Any compromise of our customer information or other confidential information could have a material adverse effect on our reputation or our relationships with our customers and partners, which may in turn, have a negative impact on our revenue and may expose us to material costs, penalties and claims.

Sensitive customer data may also be present on customer-owned devices entrusted to us for service and repair. Vulnerable code on products sold or serviced, including our exclusive brands, may also result in a compromise of customer privacy or security. If our efforts to protect against such compromises and ensure appropriate handling of customer data on devices we manufacture, sell and service are not effective, this may result in potential liability and damage to our customer relationships.

Increasing costs associated with information security and privacy, such as increased investment in technology and qualified staff, costs of compliance, costs resulting from fraud or criminal activity and costs of cyber and privacy insurance, could cause our business and results of operations to suffer materially. Additionally, newly applicable and potential new or significantly revised state, provincial and federal laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we do business are expanding our obligations to protect and honor the privacy and security of customer data, requiring additional resources and creating incremental risk arising from a potential breach or compliance failure. In addition, any compromise of our data security may materially increase the costs we incur to protect against such breaches and could subject us to additional legal risk.

Product safety and quality concerns could have a material adverse impact on our revenue and profitability.

If the products we sell fail to meet, or are alleged to fail to meet, applicable safety standards or our customers’ expectations regarding safety and quality, we could be exposed to increased legal risk and damage to our reputation. Failure to take appropriate actions in relation to product-related issues (for example, product recalls), could lead to violations of laws and regulations and leave us susceptible to government enforcement actions or private litigation. Recalls of products, particularly when combined with lack of available alternatives or difficulty in sourcing sufficient volumes of replacement products, could also have a material adverse impact on our revenue and profitability.

Changes to labor or employment laws or regulations could have an adverse impact on our costs and impair the viability of our operating model.

As an employer of more than 85,000 people in many jurisdictions, we are subject to risks related to employment laws and regulations including, for example:

the organization of unions and related rules that affect the nature of labor relations, which are frequently reconsidered and modified by the National Labor Relations Board;

laws that impact the relationship between the company and independent contractors and the classification of employees and independent contractors; and

laws that impact minimum wage, sick time, paid leave, non-compete covenants and scheduling requirements that could directly or indirectly increase our payroll costs and/or impact the level of service we are able to provide.

Changes to laws and regulations such as these could adversely impact our reputation, our ability to continue operations and our profitability.

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Regulatory and Legal Risks

We are subject to statutory, regulatory and legal developments that could have a material adverse impact on our business.

Our statutory, regulatory and legal environments expose us to complex compliance and litigation risks that could have a material adverse effect on our operations. Some of the most significant compliance and litigation risks we face include, but are not limited to:

the difficulty of complying with sometimes conflicting statutes and regulations in local, national or international jurisdictions;

the potential for unexpected costs related to compliance with new or existing environmental legislation or international agreements affecting energy, carbon emissions, electronics recycling and water or product materials;

the challenges of ensuring compliance with applicable product compliance laws and regulations with respect to both the products we sell and the products we contract to manufacture, including laws and regulations related to product safety and product transport; 

the financial, operational and business impact of evolving regulations governing data privacy and security, including limitations on the collection, use or sharing of information; consumer rights to access, delete or limit/opt-out of the use of information; or litigation arising from new private rights of action;

the impact of other new or changing statutes and regulations including, but not limited to, financial reform; National Labor Relations Board rule changes; healthcare reform; contracted worker labor laws; corporate governance matters; escheatment rules; rules governing pricing, content, distribution, copyright, mobile communications, AI deployment or usage, electronic device certification or payment services; and/or other future legislation that could affect how we operate and execute our strategies as well as alter our expense structure;

the impact of litigation, including class-action lawsuits involving consumers and shareholders and labor and employment matters;

the possibility of a federal ban on arbitration clauses in consumer and/or employee contracts, which could increase costs of dispute resolution; and

the impact of changes in the federal executive and legislative branches on the development, or changes in, laws, regulations and policies, such as economic, fiscal, tax, retail, labor and social policies.

The impact of geopolitical tensions, including the potential implementation of more restrictive trade policies, higher tariffs or the renegotiation of existing trade agreements in the U.S. or countries where we sell our products and services or procure products, could have a material adverse effect on our business. In particular, political or trade disputes, or future phases of trade negotiations with China could lead to the imposition of tariffs or other trade actions that could adversely affect our supply chain and our business and could require us to take action to mitigate those effects.

Further, the impact of potential changes in U.S., state or other countries’ tax laws and regulations or evolving interpretations of existing laws, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

Regulatory activity that affects the retail sector has grown in recent years, increasing the risk of fines and additional operating costs associated with compliance. Additionally, defending against lawsuits and other proceedings may involve significant expense and divert management’s attention and resources from other matters.

Concern over climate change may result in new or additional legal, legislative and regulatory requirements to reduce or mitigate the effects of climate change on the environment, which could result in future tax, compliance, transportation and utility cost increases. Our own climate change-oriented initiatives, such as our attempts to increase energy efficiency during store construction and remodeling, could also increase our costs. In addition, changes to the environment, both long-term and short-term, may affect consumer shopping behavior in a way that negatively impacts our revenue, revenue mix and profitability.

Our business is subject to evolving corporate governance and public disclosure regulations and expectations, including with respect to cybersecurity and corporate responsibility and sustainability matters, that could expose us to numerous risks.

We are subject to changing rules and regulations promulgated by several governmental and self-regulatory organizations, including the SEC, the New York Stock Exchange and the Financial Accounting Standards Board. These rules and regulations continue to evolve in scope and complexity, with many new requirements emerging in response to laws enacted by Congress, demanding increased attention and vigilance for compliance. In addition, regulators, customers, investors, employees and other stakeholders are increasingly focusing on cybersecurity and corporate responsibility and sustainability (“CRS”) matters and related disclosures. These changing rules, regulations and stakeholder expectations have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased general and administrative expenses and increased management time and attention spent complying with or meeting such regulations and expectations. For example, developing and acting on initiatives within the scope of CRS, and collecting, measuring and reporting CRS-related information and metrics can be costly, difficult and time-consuming and are subject to evolving reporting standards, including the SEC’s final climate-related reporting requirements issued in March 2024 and similar proposals by other international regulatory bodies. We may also communicate certain initiatives and goals regarding environmental matters, diversity, responsible sourcing, social investments and other related matters in our SEC filings or in other public disclosures. These initiatives and goals within the scope of CRS could be difficult and expensive to implement, the technologies needed to implement them may not be cost-effective and may not advance at a sufficient pace and we could be criticized for the accuracy, adequacy or completeness of the disclosure. Further, statements about our initiatives and goals and progress toward those goals, may be based on measurement standards that are still developing, internal controls and processes that continue to evolve and assumptions that are subject to change in the future. In addition, we could be criticized for the scope or nature of such initiatives or goals, or for any revisions to these goals. If our CRS-related data, processes and reporting are incomplete or inaccurate, or if we fail to achieve progress with respect to our goals on a timely basis, or at all, our reputation, business, financial performance and growth could be adversely affected.

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Our international activities are subject to many of the same risks as described above, as well as to risks associated with the legislative, judicial, regulatory, political, economic and cultural factors specific to the countries or regions in which we operate.

We operate retail locations in Canada, Current Health operates in the UK, and most of our exclusive brands products are manufactured by contract manufacturers based in Southeast Asia. We also have wholly-owned legal entities registered in various other foreign countries, including Bermuda, China, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, the Republic of Mauritius and the UK. During fiscal 2024, our International segment’s operations generated approximately 8% of our revenue. In general, the risk factors identified above also have relevance to our International operations. Our International operations expose us to additional risks, including those related to, for example:

political conditions and geopolitical events, including war and terrorism;

economic conditions, including monetary and fiscal policies and tax rules, as well as foreign exchange rate risk;

rules governing international trade and potential changes to trade policies or trade agreements and ownership of foreign entities;

government-imposed travel restrictions or warnings and differing responses of governmental authorities to pandemics and other global events;

cultural differences that we may be unable to anticipate or respond to appropriately;

different rules or practices regarding employee relations, including the existence of works councils or unions;

difficulties in enforcing intellectual property rights; and

difficulties encountered in exerting appropriate management oversight to operations in remote locations.

These factors could significantly disrupt our International operations and have a material adverse effect on our revenue and profitability and could lead us to incur material impairments and other exit costs.

Financial and Market Risks

Failure to effectively manage our costs could have a material adverse effect on our profitability.

As discussed above, our revenues are susceptible to volatility from various sources, which can lead to periods of flat or declining revenues. However, some of our operating costs are fixed and/or are subject to multi-year contracts. Some elements of our costs may be higher than our competitors’ because of, for example, our extended retail footprint and structure, our hourly pay structure, our differentiated service offerings or our levels of customer service. Accordingly, our ongoing drive to reduce costs and increase efficiency represents a strategic imperative. Failure to successfully manage our costs could have a material adverse impact on our profitability and curtail our ability to fund our growth or other critical initiatives.

We are highly dependent on the cash flows and net earnings we generate during our fiscal fourth quarter, which includes the majority of the holiday shopping season.

A large proportion of our revenue and earnings is generated in the fiscal fourth quarter, which includes the majority of the holiday shopping season. In addition, the holiday shopping season also incorporates many other unpredictable factors, such as the level of competitive promotional activity, new product release activity and customer buying patterns, which makes it difficult to forecast and react to these factors quickly. Unexpected events or developments, such as pandemics, natural or man-made disasters, changes in consumer demand, economic factors, product sourcing issues, cyber-attacks, failure or interruption of management information systems, or disruptions in services or systems provided or managed by third-party vendors could significantly disrupt our operations. As a result of these factors, our fiscal fourth quarter and annual results could be adversely affected.

Economic, regulatory and other developments could adversely affect our ability to offer attractive promotional financing to our customers and adversely affect the profits we generate from these programs.

We offer promotional financing and credit cards issued by third-party banks that manage and directly extend credit to our customers. Customers choosing promotional financing can receive extended payment terms and low- or no-interest financing on qualifying purchases. We believe our financing programs generate incremental revenue from customers who prefer the financing terms to other available forms of payment or otherwise need access to financing in order to make purchases. Approximately 25% of our fiscal 2024 Domestic revenue was transacted using one of the company’s branded cards. In addition, we earn profit-share income and share in any losses from some of our banking partners based on the performance of the programs. Profit-sharing revenue from our credit card arrangement approximated 1.4% of Domestic revenue in fiscal 2024. The income or loss we earn in this regard is subject to numerous factors, including the volume and value of transactions, the terms of promotional financing offers, bad debt rates, credit card delinquency rates, interest rates, the regulatory and competitive environment and expenses of operating the program. Adverse changes to any of these factors could impair our ability to offer these programs to customers and reduce customer purchases and our ability to earn income from sharing in the profits of the programs.

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Constraints in the capital markets or our vendor credit terms may have a material adverse impact on our liquidity.

We need sufficient sources of liquidity to fund our working capital requirements, service our outstanding indebtedness and finance business opportunities. Without sufficient liquidity, we could be forced to curtail our operations, or we may not be able to pursue business opportunities. The principal sources of our liquidity are funds generated from operating activities, available cash and liquid investments, credit facilities, other debt arrangements and trade payables. Our liquidity could be materially adversely impacted if our vendors reduce payment terms and/or impose tighter credit limits. If our sources of liquidity do not satisfy our requirements, we may need to seek additional financing. We typically hold material balances of cash, cash equivalents and/or short-term investments and are therefore reliant on banks and other financial institutions to safeguard and allow ready access to these assets. Our future liquidity will depend on a variety of factors, such as economic and market conditions, the regulatory environment for and financial stability of banks and other financial institutions, the availability of credit, our credit ratings and our reputation with potential lenders. These factors could have a material adverse effect on our costs of borrowing and our ability to pursue business opportunities and threaten our ability to meet our obligations as they become due.

Changes in our credit ratings may limit our access to capital and materially increase our borrowing costs.

Any future downgrades to our credit ratings and outlook could negatively impact the perception of our credit risk and thus our access to capital markets, borrowing costs, vendor terms and lease terms. Our credit ratings are based upon information furnished by us or obtained by a rating agency from its own sources and are subject to revision, suspension or withdrawal by one or more rating agencies at any time. Rating agencies may change the ratings assigned to us due to developments that are beyond our control, including the introduction of new rating practices and methodologies.

Failure to meet any financial performance guidance or other forward-looking statements we may provide to the public could result in a decline in our stock price.

We may provide public guidance on our expected financial results or other forward-looking information for future periods. When we provide guidance, we believe that this guidance provides investors and analysts with a better understanding of management’s expectations for the future and is useful to our existing and potential shareholders, but such guidance is comprised of forward-looking statements subject to the risks and uncertainties described in this report and in our other public filings and public statements. Our actual results may not be in line with guidance we have provided. We may not be able to accurately forecast our growth rate and profit margins. We base our expense levels and investment plans on sales estimates. A significant portion of our expenses and investments are fixed, and we may not be able to adjust our spending quickly enough if our sales are less than expected. Our revenue growth may not be sustainable and our percentage growth rates may decrease. Our revenue and operating profit growth depend on the continued growth of demand for the products and services offered by us, and our business is affected by general economic and business conditions worldwide. If our financial results for a particular period do not meet any guidance we provide or the expectations of market participants, or if we reduce any guidance for future periods, the market price of our common stock may decline.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

Not applicable.

Item 1C. Cybersecurity.

We rely heavily on information technology systems to operate and manage all key aspects of our business. We also process substantial volumes of confidential business information and sensitive consumer and employee personal information, which if impacted by cyber threats could result in financial and reputational harms and regulatory sanction. We have developed and implemented, and update on an ongoing basis, a risk-based information security program designed to identify, assess and manage material risks from cybersecurity threats.

Cybersecurity Risk Management and Strategy

Our information security program comprises administrative, technical and physical safeguards designed, under a risk-based approach, to reasonably mitigate cybersecurity risks to the confidentiality, integrity or availability of our information systems and information. These include safeguards designed to oversee service-provider relationships in a manner consistent with the risks presented by the engagement and use of the service provider.

The program deploys multiple layers of controls designed to identify, protect against, detect, respond to and recover from information security and cybersecurity incidents and our Cyber Security Incident Response Team, which is part of our Enterprise Information Protection (“EIP”) organization, plays a core role in detecting, mitigating and remediating cybersecurity incidents. Based on the nature and severity of the incident, our response is to be guided by documented incident response plans. These plans outline steps to be followed, functional areas to be engaged, internal escalations to be pursued (which may include, as appropriate, senior management, executive management and the Board) and stakeholders to be notified.

Third parties also play a role in our cybersecurity. We engage third parties for advice and support in the design and implementation of certain program elements and leverage third-party tools to help identify and mitigate cybersecurity risks. Certain specific, defined components of our technology environment are assessed by third-party auditors with a view to alignment with industry standards such as, for example, the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards.

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We also periodically retain outside expertise to conduct a maturity assessment of our program against industry standards and participants. Our program is informed by industry standards such as, for example, the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity (“NIST CSF”), but this does not imply that we meet all technical standards, specifications or requirements under the NIST CSF or other sources.

We have combatted cybersecurity threats in the normal course of business, but prior cybersecurity incidents have not materially affected, and do not appear likely to materially affect, our operations, business strategy, results of operations or financial condition. However, our Enterprise Risk Management program has recognized that we face ongoing risks from cybersecurity threats that, if not successfully prevented or mitigated, could materially affect us, including our operations, business strategy, results of operations or financial condition. For additional information on this risk, see Item 1A, Risk Factors, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Cybersecurity Governance

Our Board, with oversight by the Audit Committee, oversees management’s processes for identifying and mitigating cybersecurity risks. Executive management including our Chief Information Security Officer (“CISO”), who reports to our General Counsel & Chief Risk Officer, updates the Audit Committee on our cybersecurity posture no less frequently than quarterly and periodically update the full Board.

Our EIP organization, led by our CISO, is responsible for the design and implementation of our information security program. Our current CISO has been with the Company for more than eight years—serving as our CISO for nearly seven years—and has extensive cybersecurity experience through leadership and consulting roles. His current leadership team comprising seven individuals has over 130 years of combined cybersecurity experience. These and other EIP team members work closely with stakeholders across the Company to implement the program’s policies, standards and processes and help ensure awareness that securing customer information and honoring our privacy promises are core employee obligations, as highlighted in our Code of Ethics and reinforced through our Valuable Information Protection training program.

Item 2. Properties.

Domestic Stores

The location and total square footage of our Domestic segment stores at the end of fiscal 2024 were as follows:

U.S. Stores(1)

U.S. Stores(1)

Alabama

11 

Nebraska

Alaska

Nevada

Arizona

21 

New Hampshire

Arkansas

New Jersey

26 

California

130 

New Mexico

Colorado

22 

New York

45 

Connecticut

North Carolina

32 

Delaware

North Dakota

District of Columbia

Ohio

34 

Florida

62 

Oklahoma

12 

Georgia

28 

Oregon

11 

Hawaii

Pennsylvania

33 

Idaho

Puerto Rico

Illinois

41 

Rhode Island

Indiana

22 

South Carolina

13 

Iowa

10 

South Dakota

Kansas

Tennessee

13 

Kentucky

Texas

101 

Louisiana

15 

Utah

11 

Maine

Vermont

Maryland

19 

Virginia

30 

Massachusetts

21 

Washington

20 

Michigan

28 

West Virginia

Minnesota

19 

Wisconsin

22 

Mississippi

Wyoming

Missouri

14 

Total Domestic store count

965 

Montana

Square footage (in thousands)

36,771 

(1)Includes 20 Pacific Sales stores, 22 Best Buy Outlet Centers and 22 Yardbird stand-alone stores.

 

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International Stores

 

The location and total square footage of our International segment stores at the end of fiscal 2024 were as follows:

Canada Stores(1)

Alberta

25 

British Columbia

27 

Manitoba

New Brunswick

Newfoundland

Nova Scotia

Ontario

69 

Prince Edward Island

Quebec

23 

Saskatchewan

Total International store count

160 

Square footage (in thousands)

3,623 

(1)

(1)Includes 32 Best Buy Mobile stores.

Ownership Status

The ownership status of our stores at the end of fiscal 2024 was as follows:

Leased Locations

Owned Locations

Owned Buildings and Leased Land

Domestic

910 

23 

32 

International

153 

Distribution

The ownership status and total square footage of space utilized for distribution at the end of fiscal 2024 were as follows:

Square Footage (in thousands)

Leased Locations

Owned Locations

Domestic

14,987 

3,168 

International

1,496 

-

Other Properties

 

We own our corporate headquarters buildings located in Richfield, Minnesota. We also lease additional domestic and international office space to support and carry out our business operations.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

For additional information regarding our legal proceedings, see Note 13, Contingencies and Commitments, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

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Information about our Executive Officers

(As of March 13, 2024)

Name

Age

Position with the Company

Years with the Company

Corie S. Barry

48

Chief Executive Officer

24

Matt Bilunas

51

Senior Executive Vice President of Enterprise Strategy, Chief Financial Officer

18

Jason Bonfig

47

Senior Executive Vice President of Customer Offerings and Fulfillment

25

Damien Harmon

45

Senior Executive Vice President of Customer, Channel Experiences & Enterprise Services

5

Todd G. Hartman

57

General Counsel and Chief Risk Officer

18

Kamy Scarlett

60

Senior Executive Vice President of Human Resources, Corporate Affairs and Canada

10

Mathew R. Watson

53

Senior Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer

18

 

Corie S. Barry was appointed our Chief Executive Officer in 2019. Prior to her current role, she served as our chief financial officer & chief strategic transformation officer responsible for overseeing all aspects of strategic transformation and growth, digital and technology, global finance, investor relations, enterprise risk and compliance, integration management and Best Buy Health. In that role, she also played a critical role in developing and executing the Company’s Building the New Blue growth strategy and related transformation. Ms. Barry joined Best Buy in 1999 and has held a variety of financial and operational roles within the organization, both in the field and at corporate. Her prior roles include: the company’s chief strategic growth officer and the interim leader of Best Buy’s services organization from 2015 until 2016; senior vice president of domestic finance from 2013 to 2015; vice president, chief financial officer and business development of our home business group from 2012 to 2013; and vice president, finance of the home customer solutions group from 2010 to 2012. Prior to Best Buy, Ms. Barry worked at Deloitte & Touche LLP. Ms. Barry serves on the board of directors for Best Buy Co., Inc., and Domino’s Pizza Inc. and the board of trustees for the College of St. Benedict. She also serves on the executive committee for the Business Roundtable, Business Council, Retail Industry Leaders Association and the Minnesota Business Partnership.

Matt Bilunas is our Senior Executive Vice President of Enterprise Strategy, Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”). In this role, he is responsible for overseeing all aspects of global finance, inclusive of audit, procurement and financial services, as well as enterprise strategy and real estate. Since joining Best Buy in 2006, Mr. Bilunas has served in a variety of financial leadership roles, both in the field and at the corporate campus. He started as a territory finance director in Los Angeles and has worked in the company’s domestic and international businesses. Mr. Bilunas has been a key finance leader during Best Buy’s transformation. Prior to becoming CFO in 2019, he was senior vice president of enterprise and merchandise finance from 2017 to 2019; vice president, finance for category, e-commerce and marketing from 2015 to 2017; and vice president, category finance from 2014 to 2015. He also has held finance roles in retail, e-commerce and marketing. Before Best Buy, he worked at Carlson Inc., NRG Energy Inc., Bandag Inc. and KPMG. Mr. Bilunas serves on the board of Genesco, Inc.

Jason Bonfig is our Senior Executive Vice President of Customer Offerings and Fulfillment. In this role, he oversees all elements of merchandising and product category management, supply chain and marketing for Best Buy’s core U.S. business. He also leads the company’s Exclusive Brands private-label team. Mr. Bonfig has served in merchant roles for the Company for over 20 years, working in and leading some of the most complex product categories. Prior to his current role, Mr. Bonfig served in the positions of chief category officer – computing, mobile, gaming, exclusive brands, printing, wearables and accessories from 2018 to 2019; senior vice president – computing, mobile, tablets, wearables, printing and accessories from 2014 to 2018. Mr. Bonfig has also held merchant-related roles since joining the company in 1999. Mr. Bonfig serves on the board of the Best Buy Foundation.

Damien Harmon is our Senior Executive Vice President of Customer, Channel Experiences & Enterprise Services. He is responsible for the end-to-end customer experience and the work that enhances every interaction with our customers and employees in his organization. His areas of responsibility include stores and operations, in-home services and sales, virtual experiences, call centers, membership, and customer strategy, relationship offerings and insights. In his role, Mr. Harmon leads Geek Squad, a national tech-support organization dedicated to helping customers learn about and enjoy their technology. Mr. Harmon previously served as executive vice president of omnichannel from 2021 to 2023. He established a dedicated operations plan to enhance the Company’s ability to create seamless experiences for our customers. He also oversaw our real estate portfolio, stores, operations, services and experiences that span from stores to virtual to in customers’ homes. Prior to that, Mr. Harmon served as president, operations from 2020 to 2021 and senior vice president of workforce design from 2019 to 2020. Mr. Harmon first joined Best Buy as a general manager in 2005 and held various leadership positions in store operations, international operations and store leadership, including vice president of retail operations and services. Before rejoining Best Buy in 2019, Mr. Harmon spent four years at Bridgestone Americas Inc., where he served as president of GCR Tires from 2017 to 2018 and chief operating officer at Bridgestone Tires from 2016 to 2017. Mr. Harmon serves on the board of Driven Brands and on the board of the Petco Love Foundation.

21


Todd G. Hartman was appointed General Counsel in 2019 and has also served as Chief Risk Officer since 2017. In this role, he is responsible for the company’s legal activities and its global risk and compliance program. He also serves as corporate secretary. Mr. Hartman joined Best Buy in 2006. He most recently served as chief risk and compliance officer, overseeing enterprise data security, customer data privacy, enterprise risk management, global security, business continuity/disaster recovery, internal investigations, crisis response management and compliance and ethics from 2017 to 2019. He continues to lead the risk functions in his current role. Mr. Hartman previously was Best Buy’s deputy general counsel from 2011 to 2017. Before that, he served as the company’s chief compliance officer and vice president of strategic alliances. Prior to joining Best Buy, Mr. Hartman was a partner at Minneapolis law firm Robins Kaplan. A Minnesota native, he worked for several years as a telecommunications and technology attorney in Washington, D.C., before returning to Minneapolis. Mr. Hartman sits on the advisory board of Markaaz, Inc. He serves as treasurer of the Retail Litigation Center and as chair of the Best Buy Foundation. He also sits on the board of the Guthrie Theater and on the board of Trademark Theater.

Kamy Scarlett is our Senior Executive Vice President of Human Resources, Corporate Affairs and Canada. In this role, she oversees talent development and the health and well-being of our employees worldwide, communications and public affairs, and our Canadian business. Additionally, Ms. Scarlett serves as Executive Vice President of Best Buy Canada, where the Company operates more than 150 stores. She was appointed executive vice president, human resources in 2017. She also assumed responsibility for Best Buy Canada in 2021 and communications and public affairs in 2023. She previously served as our president of U.S. retail stores from 2019 until 2020 and was responsible for the execution and operation of all domestic Best Buy store locations. Ms. Scarlett joined Best Buy in 2014 as senior vice president of retail and chief human resources officer for Best Buy Canada, serving in that role until 2017. She was responsible for sales and profits in the Company’s stores, in addition to enacting the human resources and talent management strategies for the Canadian operations. She has served in a variety of retail, operations, marketing and human resources leadership roles since beginning her career in retail more than 30 years ago. Prior to joining Best Buy, Ms. Scarlett was the chief operating officer from 2012 to 2014 at Grafton-Fraser Inc., a leading Canadian retailer of men’s apparel. She also previously held leadership roles at Loblaw Cos., Hudson’s Bay Co. and Dylex Inc. Ms. Scarlett serves on the board of the Best Buy Foundation and previously served on the board of Floor & Décor, a specialty retailer of hard surface flooring.

Mathew R. Watson was appointed our Senior Vice President, Controller and Chief Accounting Officer in 2017. He previously served as our vice president, controller and chief accounting officer from April 2015 until his current role. Mr. Watson is responsible for our controllership, financial operations and external reporting functions. Mr. Watson served in the role of vice president, finance - controller from 2014 to April 2015. Prior to that role, he was vice president - finance, domestic controller from 2013 to 2014. Mr. Watson was also senior director, external reporting and corporate accounting from 2010 to 2013 and director, external reporting and corporate accounting beginning in 2007. Prior to joining us in 2005, Mr. Watson worked at KPMG from 1995 to 2005. He serves on the boards of directors of Achieve Twin Cities and the Best Buy Foundation.

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information and Dividends

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the ticker symbol BBY. In fiscal 2004, our Board of Directors (“Board”) initiated the payment of a regular quarterly cash dividend with respect to shares of our common stock. A quarterly cash dividend has been paid in each subsequent quarter. On February 29, 2024, we announced the Board’s approval of a 2% increase in the regularly quarterly cash dividend to $0.94 per share. Future dividend payments will depend on our earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and other factors considered relevant by our Board.

Holders

As of March 13, 2024, there were 1,898 holders of record of our common stock.

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

On February 28, 2022, our Board approved a $5.0 billion share repurchase authorization, which replaced the $5.0 billion share repurchase program authorized on February 16, 2021. There is no expiration date governing the period over which we can repurchase shares under this authorization. During fiscal 2024, we repurchased and retired 4.7 million shares at a cost of $340 million. For additional information, see “Share Repurchases and Dividends” in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and Note 9, Shareholders’ Equity, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Information regarding our repurchases of common stock during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2024 was as follows:

Period

Total Number
of Shares
Purchased

Average Price
Paid per Share

Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of Publicly
Announced Program

Approximate Dollar Value
of Shares that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the Program

Oct. 29, 2023 through Nov. 25, 2023

952,139 

$

66.06 

952,139 

$

3,784,000,000 

Nov. 26, 2023 through Dec. 30, 2023

-

$

-

-

$

3,784,000,000 

Dec. 31, 2023 through Feb. 3, 2024

-

$

-

-

$

3,784,000,000 

Total fiscal 2024 fourth quarter

952,139 

$

66.06 

952,139 

$

3,784,000,000 

22


Best Buy Stock Comparative Performance Graph

The information contained in this Best Buy Stock Comparative Performance Graph section shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or “filed” or incorporated by reference in future filings with the SEC, or subject to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into a document filed under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

The graph below compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock for the last five fiscal years with the cumulative total return on the Standard & Poor's (“S&P”) 500 Index (“S&P 500”), of which we are a component, and the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail Index (formerly the S&P 500 Retailing Group Industry Index), of which we are also a component. The S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail Index is a capitalization-weighted index of domestic equities traded on the NYSE and NASDAQ and includes high-capitalization stocks representing the retail sector of the S&P 500.

The graph assumes an investment of $100 at the close of trading on February 1, 2019, the last trading day of fiscal 2019, in our common stock, the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail Index.

COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*

Among Best Buy Co., Inc., the S&P 500 Index

and the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail Index

A graph of a graph

Description automatically generated with medium confidence

Fiscal Years Ended

February 2, 2019

February 1, 2020

January 30, 2021

January 29, 2022

January 28, 2023

February 3, 2024

Best Buy Co., Inc.

$

100.00 

$

148.97 

$

196.72 

$

181.12 

$

165.13 

$

154.14 

S&P 500

$

100.00