10-Q 1 bdx-20231231.htm 10-Q bdx-20231231
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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2023
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-4802
Becton, Dickinson and Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New Jersey 22-0760120
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 Becton Drive,
Franklin Lakes,
New Jersey
07417-1880
(201)847-6800
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common stock, par value $1.00BDXNew York Stock Exchange
1.900% Notes due December 15, 2026BDX26New York Stock Exchange
3.020% Notes due May 24, 2025BDX25New York Stock Exchange
1.208% Notes due June 4, 2026BDX/26ANew York Stock Exchange
1.213% Notes due February 12, 2036BDX/36New York Stock Exchange
0.034% Notes due August 13, 2025BDX25ANew York Stock Exchange
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No   ☐
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, and emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer 
  Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☒
There were 288,902,232 shares of Common Stock, $1.00 par value, outstanding at December 31, 2023.


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
FORM 10-Q
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2023
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2


ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
Millions of dollars, except per share data
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Revenues$4,706 $4,586 
Cost of products sold2,679 2,453 
Selling and administrative expense1,213 1,187 
Research and development expense290 313 
Integration and restructuring expense75 44 
Other operating expense, net11 3 
Total Operating Costs and Expenses4,267 4,001 
Operating Income439 585 
Interest expense(111)(102)
Interest income34 6 
Other expense, net(4)(8)
Income Before Income Taxes359 481 
Income tax provision (benefit)77 (28)
Net Income281 509 
Preferred stock dividends (23)
Net income applicable to common shareholders$281 $486 
Basic Earnings per Share$0.97 $1.71 
Diluted Earnings per Share$0.96 $1.70 
Dividends per Common Share$0.95 $0.91 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
3


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Millions of dollars
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Net Income$281 $509 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax
Foreign currency translation adjustments40 (80)
Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans12 11 
Cash flow hedges(18)(3)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax33 (72)
Comprehensive Income$314 $437 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
4


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
Millions of dollars, except per share amounts and numbers of shares

December 31,
2023
September 30,
2023
Assets(Unaudited)
Current Assets:
Cash and equivalents$1,180 $1,416 
Restricted cash54 65 
Short-term investments2 8 
Trade receivables, net2,267 2,534 
Inventories:
Materials776 714 
Work in process368 381 
Finished products2,160 2,178 
3,304 3,273 
Prepaid expenses and other1,349 1,380 
Total Current Assets8,156 8,676 
Property, Plant and Equipment13,899 13,578 
Less allowances for depreciation and amortization7,253 7,021 
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net6,647 6,557 
Goodwill24,597 24,522 
Developed Technology, Net7,807 8,058 
Customer Relationships, Net2,252 2,338 
Other Intangibles, Net555 552 
Other Assets2,259 2,078 
Total Assets$52,274 $52,780 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities:
Current debt obligations$2,016 $1,141 
Payables, accrued expenses and other current liabilities5,524 5,500 
Total Current Liabilities7,540 6,641 
Long-Term Debt14,094 14,738 
Long-Term Employee Benefit Obligations894 1,023 
Deferred Income Taxes and Other Liabilities4,414 4,582 
Commitments and Contingencies (See Note 5)
Shareholders’ Equity
Common stock — $1 par value; authorized — 640,000,000 shares; issued — 370,594,401 shares in December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023
371 371 
Capital in excess of par value19,741 19,720 
Retained earnings15,540 15,535 
Deferred compensation24 24 
Treasury stock(8,828)(8,305)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(1,515)(1,548)
Total Shareholders’ Equity25,332 25,796 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity$52,274 $52,780 

Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
5


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Millions of dollars
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Operating Activities
Net income $281 $509 
Adjustments to net income to derive net cash provided by continuing operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization561 567 
Share-based compensation83 89 
Deferred income taxes(91)(118)
Change in operating assets and liabilities152 (665)
Pension obligation(129)21 
Other, net(2)(3)
Net Cash Provided by Continuing Operating Activities855 399 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures(116)(208)
Other, net(116)(83)
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities(233)(291)
Financing Activities
Change in short-term debt 365 
Payments of debt (528)
Repurchases of common stock(500) 
Dividends paid(275)(281)
Other, net(87)(89)
Net Cash Used for Financing Activities(862)(534)
Net cash used for operating activities of discontinued operations(14) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents and restricted cash7 11 
Net decrease in cash and equivalents and restricted cash(247)(415)
Opening Cash and Equivalents and Restricted Cash1,481 1,159 
Closing Cash and Equivalents and Restricted Cash$1,234 $744 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
6


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
December 31, 2023
Note 1 – Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and, in the opinion of the management of Becton, Dickinson and Company (the "Company" or "BD"), include all adjustments which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. However, the financial statements do not include all information and accompanying notes required for a presentation in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP"). These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Within the financial statements and tables presented, certain columns and rows may not add due to the use of rounded numbers for disclosure purposes. Percentages and earnings per share amounts presented are calculated from the underlying amounts. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full year.
Note 2 – Accounting Changes
New Accounting Principle Adopted
In September 2022, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued an accounting standard update that requires additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures regarding supplier finance programs. The new disclosure requirements are intended to help investors better consider the effect of these programs on a company's working capital, liquidity, and cash flows. The Company adopted this accounting standard on October 1, 2023 and disclosures regarding the Company’s supplier finance programs are provided in Note 12.
New Accounting Principles Not Yet Adopted
In November 2023, the FASB issued a new accounting standard update which requires more disaggregated expense information about a public entity’s reportable segments. This update is effective for the Company beginning with its fiscal year 2025 reporting and for interim reporting beginning with its fiscal year 2026. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this update will have on its disclosures.
In December 2023, the FASB issued an accounting standard update which requires more disaggregated information to be included in the income tax rate reconciliation and income taxes paid annual disclosures. This update is effective for the Company beginning in its fiscal year 2026 and the Company is currently evaluating the impact that this update will have on its disclosures.
Note 3 – Shareholders' Equity
Changes in certain components of shareholders' equity for the first quarters of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
 Common
Stock  Issued
at Par Value
Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings
Deferred
Compensation
Treasury Stock
(Millions of dollars)Shares (in
thousands)
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2023$371 $19,720 $15,535 $24 (80,203)$(8,305)
Net income— — 281 — — — 
Common dividends ($0.95 per share)
— — (275)— — — 
Issuance of shares under employee and other plans, net— (62)— — 647 (20)
Share-based compensation— 83 — — — — 
Common stock held in trusts, net (a)— — — — (19)— 
Repurchase of common stock— — — — (2,118)(503)
Balance at December 31, 2023$371 $19,741 $15,540 $24 (81,692)$(8,828)
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 Common
Stock  Issued
at Par Value
Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings
Deferred
Compensation
Treasury Stock
(Millions of dollars)Shares (in
thousands)
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2022$365 $19,553 $15,157 $23 (81,283)$(8,330)
Net income— — 509 — — — 
Common dividends ($0.91 per share)
— — (259)— — — 
Preferred dividends— — (23)— — — 
Issuance of shares under employee and other plans, net— (52)— — 556 (3)
Share-based compensation— 89 — — — — 
Common stock held in trusts, net (a)— — — — (11)— 
Balance at December 31, 2022$365 $19,590 $15,384 $24 (80,738)$(8,333)
(a)Common stock held in trusts consists of the Company’s shares held in rabbi trusts in connection with deferred compensation under the Company’s employee salary and bonus deferral plan and directors’ deferral plan.
Share Repurchases
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2024, the Company executed and settled accelerated share repurchase agreements for the repurchase of 2.118 million shares of its common stock for total consideration of $500 million, excluding a 1% excise tax on share repurchases of $3 million. The share repurchases were recorded as an increase to Treasury stock and were made pursuant to the repurchase program authorized by the Board of Directors on November 3, 2021, for 10 million shares of BD common stock, for which there is no expiration date.
The components and changes of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the first quarters of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)TotalForeign Currency
Translation
Benefit Plans
Cash Flow Hedges
Balance at September 30, 2023$(1,548)$(1,078)$(571)$103 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net of taxes21 40  (19)
Amounts reclassified into income, net of taxes12  12 1 
Balance at December 31, 2023$(1,515)$(1,038)$(559)$84 
(Millions of dollars)TotalForeign Currency
Translation
Benefit Plans
Cash Flow Hedges
Balance at September 30, 2022$(1,488)$(987)$(574)$75 
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications, net of taxes(84)(80) (4)
Amounts reclassified into income, net of taxes12  11 1 
Balance at December 31, 2022$(1,559)$(1,067)$(563)$73 
The amounts of foreign currency translation recognized in other comprehensive income during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 included net losses relating to net investment hedges. The amount recognized in other comprehensive income relating to cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2023 is primarily related to forward starting interest rate swaps. Additional disclosures regarding amounts the Company recognized in other comprehensive income relating to cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 are provided in Note 11.
The tax impacts for amounts recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications and for reclassifications out of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relating to benefit plans and cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.
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Note 4 – Earnings per Share
The weighted average common shares used in the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share (shares in thousands) were as follows:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20232022
Average common shares outstanding290,113 283,887 
Dilutive share equivalents from share-based plans1,285 1,453 
Average common and common equivalent shares outstanding – assuming dilution291,398 285,340 
Share equivalents excluded from the diluted shares outstanding calculation:
Mandatory convertible preferred stock (a) 5,899 
Share-based plans (b)552 1,374 
(a)Excluded from the diluted shares outstanding calculation because the result would have been antidilutive.
(b)Excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation as the exercise prices of these awards were greater than the average market price of the Company’s common shares.
Note 5 – Contingencies
The Company is involved, both as a plaintiff and a defendant, in various legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business, including, without limitation, product liability and environmental matters in certain U.S. and international locations. Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, the Company is not able, in all cases, to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of litigation in which the Company is a party. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company establishes accruals to the extent probable future losses are estimable (and in the case of environmental matters, without considering possible third-party recoveries). With respect to putative class action lawsuits in the United States and certain of the Canadian lawsuits described below, the Company is unable to estimate a range of reasonably possible losses for the following reasons: (i) all or certain of the proceedings are in early stages; (ii) the Company has not received and reviewed complete information regarding all or certain of the plaintiffs and their medical conditions; and/or (iii) there are significant factual issues to be resolved. In addition, there is uncertainty as to the likelihood of a class being certified or the ultimate size of any class. With respect to the civil investigative demands (“CIDs”) served by the Department of Justice which are discussed below, the Company is unable to estimate a range of reasonably possible losses for the following reasons: (i) all or certain of the proceedings are in early stages; and/or (ii) there are significant factual and legal issues to be resolved.
Product Liability Matters
As of December 31, 2023, the Company is defending approximately 35,935 product liability claims involving the Company’s line of hernia repair devices (collectively, the “Hernia Product Claims”). The Company’s outstanding Hernia Product Claims as of September 30, 2023 were approximately 34,845. The Company’s outstanding product liability claims represent nonhomogeneous populations of claims which vary widely based upon various factors, most notably the quality of the claims. As such, claim activity during any given period may not necessarily be indicative of the Company’s ultimate liability under a mass tort matter. As further discussed below, the Company’s underlying estimate of its product liability includes and already accounts for unfiled claims and as such, the net year-to-date change in the number of outstanding Hernia Product Claims did not materially impact the Company’s product liability accrual as of December 31, 2023. The majority of the outstanding claims are currently pending in a coordinated proceeding in Rhode Island State Court (“RI”) and in a federal multi-district litigation (“MDL”) established in the Southern District of Ohio, but claims are also pending in other state and/or federal court jurisdictions. In addition, outstanding claims include multiple putative class actions in Canada. Generally, the Hernia Product Claims seek damages for personal injury allegedly resulting from use of the products. From time to time, the Company engages in resolution discussions with plaintiffs’ law firms regarding certain of the Hernia Product Claims, but the Company also intends to vigorously defend Hernia Product Claims that do not settle, including through litigation and trial. A trial for the Hernia Product Claims is currently scheduled in the MDL in April 2024.
The Company also continues to be a defendant in certain other mass tort litigation. As of December 31, 2023, the Company is defending product liability claims involving the Company’s line of pelvic mesh products, the majority of which are pending in a coordinated proceeding in New Jersey Superior Court and in various federal court jurisdictions, the Company’s line of inferior vena cava (“IVC”) filter products, which are pending in various jurisdictions, and the Company’s line of implantable ports, the
9


majority of which are pending in an MDL in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses and is vigorously defending itself in these matters.
In most product liability litigations like those described above, plaintiffs allege a wide variety of claims, ranging from allegations of serious injury caused by the products to efforts to obtain compensation notwithstanding the absence of any injury. In many of these cases, the Company has not yet received and reviewed complete information regarding the plaintiffs and their medical conditions and, consequently, is unable to fully evaluate the claims. The Company expects that it will receive and review additional information regarding any remaining unsettled product liability matters.
Other Legal Matters
On February 27, 2020, a putative class action captioned Kabak v. Becton, Dickinson and Company, et al., Civ. No. 2:20-cv-02155 (SRC) (CLW), now captioned Industriens Pensionsforsikring v. Becton, Dickinson and Company, et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against the Company and certain of its officers. The complaint, which purports to be brought on behalf of all persons (other than defendants) who purchased or otherwise acquired the Company's common stock from November 5, 2019 through February 5, 2020, asserts claims for purported violations of Sections 10 and 20 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder, and seeks, among other things, damages and costs. The complaint alleges that defendants concealed certain material information regarding AlarisTM infusion pumps, allegedly rendering certain public statements about the Company’s business, operations and prospects false or misleading, thereby allegedly causing investors to purchase stock at an inflated price. After an initial without prejudice dismissal, additional submissions were filed and the court permitted certain aspects of the case to proceed including claims asserted on behalf of option holders. In October 2023, an agreement in principle was reached to resolve this matter for $85 million, for which the Company is adequately reserved and largely insured; the terms of the settlement were preliminarily approved by the court on January 18, 2024, and the matter has been scheduled for a hearing as to final approval on April 22, 2024.
On November 2, 2020, a putative shareholder derivative action captioned Jankowski v. Forlenza, et al., Civ. No. 2:20-cv-15474, was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey by a shareholder, derivatively on behalf of the Company, against certain of the Company’s directors and officers. The complaint asserts claims for breach of fiduciary duty; violations of sections 10(b), 14(a) and 21D of the Exchange Act, and insider trading. The complaint principally alleges, that the Company made misleading statements regarding AlarisTM infusion pumps in a proxy statement and other SEC filings. A second derivative action was filed on January 24, 2021, and the two actions were consolidated. In March 2021, the Company received letters from two additional shareholders which, in general, mirrored the allegations in the derivative actions, and demanded, among other things, that the Board of Directors pursue claims against members of management for claimed breaches of fiduciary duties. Consistent with New Jersey law, the Board appointed a special committee to review the allegations and demands in the derivative actions and demand letters. Following an investigation, the special committee determined that no action was warranted, and rejected the shareholders’ demands, communicating its determination to counsel for the shareholders. On January 10, 2023, one of the two shareholders referenced above filed a separate derivative action that: (i) is generally consistent with the shareholder letter and the two prior actions; and (ii) purports to challenge the reasonableness of the special committee’s process and determination. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses and is vigorously defending itself in these matters.
Beginning in February 2021, the Company received subpoenas from the Enforcement Division of the SEC requesting information from the Company relating to, among other things, AlarisTM infusion pumps. The Company is cooperating with the SEC and responding to these requests, including requests for employee interviews and depositions. The Company cannot anticipate the timing, scope, outcome or possible impact of the investigation, financial or otherwise.

In July 2017, C.R. Bard received a CID from the Department of Justice seeking documents and information relating to an investigation into possible violations of the False Claims Act in connection with the sales and marketing of FloChec® and QuantaFloTM devices. The Company has responded to these requests and expects further discussion with the government following recent communications from the Department of Justice.
In April 2019, the Department of Justice served the Company and CareFusion with CIDs seeking information regarding certain of CareFusion’s contracts with the Department of Veteran’s Affairs for certain products, including AlarisTM and PyxisTM devices, in connection with a civil investigation of possible violations of the False Claims Act, and the government later expanded the investigation to include several additional contracts. The government has made several requests for documents and interviews or depositions of Company personnel. The Company is cooperating with the government and responding to these requests.
In September 2021, the Company received a CID related to an inquiry initiated by the Northern District of Georgia in 2018 concerning sales and marketing practices with respect to certain aspects of the Company’s urology business. After multiple
10


document productions and interviews, the Company and the government mediated the case in an effort to resolve this dispute; such discussions are ongoing.
In April 2023, the Department of Justice served the Company with a CID seeking information regarding the Company’s GenesisTM container products in connection with an investigation of possible violations of the False Claims Act. The government has requested documents and the Company is cooperating with the government and responding to its requests.
In September 2021, the Company was served with a complaint from the New Mexico Attorney General, alleging violations of the state’s consumer protection laws in connection with the sales and marketing of its IVC filters. The Company’s motion to dismiss certain of the claims was granted on May 10, 2022 and discovery is proceeding as to the remaining claims. Trial is currently scheduled for June 2024. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses and is vigorously defending itself in this matter. The Company cannot anticipate the timing, scope, outcome or possible impact at present.
The Company was sued in state and federal courts in Georgia by plaintiffs who work or reside near Company facilities in Covington, GA, where ethylene oxide (“EtO”) sterilization activities take place. The federal cases have been dismissed and refiled in state court. The plaintiffs in the cases seek compensatory and punitive damages. Pursuant to Georgia statute, punitive damages in these cases are generally capped at $250,000 per claimant. The cases allege a variety of injuries, including but not limited to multiple types of cancer, allegedly attributable to exposure to EtO. The Company does not believe these cases are appropriate for class action treatment and they have not been filed as such. The Company currently has approximately 230 of such suits involving approximately 340 plaintiffs asserting personal injury claims; approximately 45 of the cases also allege injury caused by exposure to a chemical of another defendant entirely unrelated to the Company. Two trial dates have been set in 2024. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses and is vigorously defending itself in these matters.
The Company is also involved both as a plaintiff and a defendant in other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses and is vigorously defending itself in each of these matters.
Except for the matters for which a potential disposition has been noted per above, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the other legal matters discussed above, nor can it predict whether any outcome will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and/or consolidated cash flows. Accordingly, the Company has made no provisions for these legal matters in its consolidated results of operations.
The Company is a potentially responsible party to a number of federal administrative proceedings in the United States brought under the Comprehensive Environment Response, Compensation and Liability Act, also known as “Superfund,” and similar state laws. The Company also is subject to administrative proceedings under environmental laws in jurisdictions outside the U.S. The affected sites are in varying stages of development. In some instances, the remedy has been completed, while in others, environmental studies are underway or commencing. For several sites, there are other potentially responsible parties that may be jointly or severally liable to pay all or part of cleanup costs. While it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these proceedings, based upon the Company’s experience, current information and applicable law, the Company does not expect these proceedings to have a material adverse effect on its consolidated results of operations and/or consolidated cash flows.
Litigation Accruals
The Company regularly monitors and evaluates the status of product liability and other litigated matters, and may, from time-to-time, engage in settlement discussions and mediation taking into consideration, among other things, developments in the litigation and the risks and uncertainties associated therewith. These activities have resulted in confidential settlements and going forward could result in further settlements, the terms of which would be confidential. A determination of the accrual amounts for these contingencies is made after analysis of each litigation matter. When appropriate, the accrual is developed with the consultation of outside counsel and, in the case of certain mass tort litigation, actuarial specialists regarding the nature, timing, and extent of each matter.
The Company considers relevant information when estimating its product liability accruals, including, but not limited to: the nature, number, and quality of unfiled and filed claims; the rate of claims being filed; the status of settlement discussions with plaintiffs’ counsel; the allegations and documentation supporting or refuting such allegations; publicly available information regarding similar medical device mass tort settlements; historical information regarding other product liability settlements involving the Company; and the stage of litigation. Because currently available information regarding product liability matters is often limited, there is inherent uncertainty and volatility relating to the Company’s estimate of product liability. As additional information becomes available, the Company records adjustments to its product liability accruals as required.
Accruals for the Company's product liability claims which are discussed above, as well as the related legal defense costs, amounted to approximately $1.8 billion and $1.9 billion at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively. These
11


accruals, which are generally long-term in nature, are largely recorded within Deferred Income Taxes and Other Liabilities on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets. The decrease in the Company’s product liability accrual as of December 31, 2023, as compared with September 30, 2023, largely reflected reductions to the accrual due to the payment of settlements and legal fees, as well as an adjustment of $41 million due to the favorable resolution of claims during the first quarter of fiscal year 2024. The increase in the number of outstanding hernia repair device claims discussed above did not materially impact the Company’s product liability accrual because the underlying estimate of the Company’s liability includes and already accounts for unfiled claims. Moreover, the accrual reflects the determination that the quality of new hernia repair device claims has generally diminished over time. Claim activity during the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 relating to the pelvic mesh device and IVC filter matters did not materially impact the Company’s product liability accrual as of December 31, 2023.
Additionally, the particular outcome in any one product liability trial is typically not representative of potential outcomes of all cases or claims. Because the accrual already contemplates a wide range of possible outcomes, including those with a de minimis value, individual outcomes generally do not impact the value of other cases in the total case inventory or the overall product liability accrual.
In view of the uncertainties discussed above, the Company could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, liability insurance. In the opinion of management, any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial condition, and/or consolidated cash flows.
Note 6 – Revenues
The Company’s policies for recognizing sales have not changed from those described in the Company’s 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Company sells a broad range of medical supplies, devices, laboratory equipment and diagnostic products which are distributed through independent distribution channels and directly by BD through sales representatives. End-users of the Company's products include healthcare institutions, physicians, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public.
Measurement of Revenues
The Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts reflects the current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of its trade receivables. Such estimated credit losses are determined based on historical loss experiences, customer-specific credit risk, and reasonable and supportable forward-looking information, such as country or regional risks that are not captured in the historical loss information. The allowance for doubtful accounts for trade receivables is not material to the Company's consolidated financial results.
The Company's gross revenues are subject to a variety of deductions which are recorded in the same period that the underlying revenues are recognized. Such variable consideration includes rebates, sales discounts and sales returns. The Company’s rebate liability at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 was $597 million and $538 million, respectively. The impact of other forms of variable consideration, including sales discounts and sales returns, is not material to the Company's revenues.
Effects of Revenue Arrangements on Consolidated Balance Sheets
Capitalized contract costs associated with the costs to fulfill contracts for certain products in the Medication Management Solutions organizational unit are immaterial to the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets. Commissions relating to revenues recognized over a period longer than one year are recorded as assets which are amortized over the period over which the revenues underlying the commissions are recognized. Capitalized contract costs related to such commissions are immaterial to the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Contract liabilities for unearned revenue that is allocable to performance obligations, such as extended warranty and software maintenance contracts, which are performed over time, were approximately $419 million and $412 million as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively, and are included in Payables, accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company's liability for product warranties provided under its agreements with customers is not material to its condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The Company's obligations relative to service contracts and pending installations of equipment, primarily in the Company's Medication Management Solutions unit, represent unsatisfied performance obligations of the Company. The revenues under existing contracts with original expected durations of more than one year, which are attributable to products and/or services that
12


have not yet been installed or provided are estimated to be approximately $2.2 billion at December 31, 2023. The Company expects to recognize the majority of this revenue over the next three years.
Within the Company's Medication Management Solutions, Medication Delivery Solutions, Integrated Diagnostic Solutions, and Biosciences units, some contracts also contain minimum purchase commitments of reagents or other consumables, and the future sales of these consumables represent additional unsatisfied performance obligations of the Company. The revenue attributable to the unsatisfied minimum purchase commitment-related performance obligations, for contracts with original expected durations of more than one year, is estimated to be approximately $2.2 billion at December 31, 2023. This revenue will be recognized over the customer relationship periods.
Disaggregation of Revenues
A disaggregation of the Company's revenues by segment, organizational unit and geographic region is provided in Note 7.
Note 7 – Segment Data
The Company's organizational structure is based upon three worldwide business segments: BD Medical (“Medical”), BD Life Sciences (“Life Sciences”) and BD Interventional (“Interventional”). The Company's segments are strategic businesses that are managed separately because each one develops, manufactures and markets distinct products and services. Segment disclosures are on a performance basis consistent with internal management reporting. The Company evaluates performance of its business segments and allocates resources to them primarily based upon segment operating income, which represents revenues reduced by product costs and operating expenses.
Revenues by segment, organizational unit and geographical areas for the three-month periods are detailed below. The Company has no material intersegment revenues.
Three Months Ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
United StatesInternationalTotalUnited StatesInternationalTotal
Medical
Medication Delivery Solutions$639 $413 $1,052 $620 $419 $1,039 
Medication Management Solutions594 153 747 564 142 706 
Pharmaceutical Systems127 304 431 119 290 409 
Total segment revenues$1,360 $870 $2,230 $1,303 $852 $2,154 
Life Sciences
Integrated Diagnostic Solutions$444 $470 $913 $508 $445 $952 
Biosciences143 232 375 137 212 349 
Total segment revenues$587 $701 $1,288 $645 $657 $1,302 
Interventional
Surgery$280 $88 $369 $287 $76 $363 
Peripheral Intervention234 220 454 236 197 433 
Urology and Critical Care287 78 365 259 74 333 
Total segment revenues$802 $386 $1,188 $782 $347 $1,129 
Total Company revenues$2,749 $1,957 $4,706 $2,730 $1,856 $4,586 
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Segment income for the three-month periods was as follows:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Income Before Income Taxes
Medical $535 $554 
Life Sciences372 433 
Interventional291 301 
Total Segment Operating Income1,198 1,288 
Integration and restructuring expense(75)(44)
Net interest expense (77)(96)
Other unallocated items (a)(688)(667)
Total Income Before Income Taxes$359 $481 
(a)Primarily comprised of foreign exchange, certain general and administrative expenses and share-based compensation expense.
Note 8 – Benefit Plans
The Company has defined benefit pension plans covering certain employees in the United States and certain international locations. The measurement date used for these plans is September 30.
Net pension cost included the following components for the three-month periods:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Service cost$25 $24 
Interest cost39 35 
Expected return on plan assets(42)(38)
Amortization of prior service credit(1)(2)
Amortization of loss16 17 
Net pension cost$37 $36 
The amounts provided above for amortization of prior service credit and amortization of loss represent the reclassifications of prior service credits and net actuarial losses that were recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in prior periods. All components of the Company’s net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs, aside from service cost, are recorded to Other expense, net on its condensed consolidated statements of income.
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Note 9 – Business Restructuring Charges
The Company incurred restructuring costs during the three months ended December 31, 2023, primarily in connection with the Company's simplification and other cost-saving initiatives, which were recorded within Integration and restructuring expense. These simplification and other cost-saving initiatives are focused on reducing complexity, enhancing product quality, refining customer experience, and improving cost efficiency across all of the Company’s segments.
Restructuring liability activity for the three months ended December 31, 2023 was as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Employee
Termination
Other (a)
Total
Balance at September 30, 2023$79 $1 $80 
Charged to expense35 34 69 
Cash payments(36)(29)(65)
Non-cash settlements (5)(5)
Other adjustments2  2 
Balance at December 31, 2023$80 $1 $81 
(a)    Expense primarily relates to other costs associated with the execution of the Company’s cost efficiency and restructuring programs, such as incremental project management costs and asset write-offs.

Note 10 – Intangible Assets
Intangible assets consisted of:
 December 31, 2023September 30, 2023
(Millions of dollars)Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying AmountGross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying Amount
Amortized intangible assets
Developed technology$15,106 $(7,299)$7,807 $15,080 $(7,023)$8,058 
Customer relationships4,862 (2,610)2,252 4,859 (2,521)2,338 
Patents, trademarks and other1,151 (642)509 1,130 (624)505 
Amortized intangible assets$21,119 $(10,551)$10,568 $21,069 $(10,168)$10,901 
Unamortized intangible assets
Acquired in-process research and development$44 $44 
Trademarks2 2 
Unamortized intangible assets$46 $46 
Intangible amortization expense was $365 million for each of the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.
The following is a reconciliation of goodwill by business segment:
(Millions of dollars)Medical Life SciencesInterventional Total
Goodwill as of September 30, 2023$10,955 $897 $12,670 $24,522 
Currency translation33 4 38 75 
Goodwill as of December 31, 2023$10,988 $901 $12,708 $24,597 
Note 11 – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company uses derivative instruments to mitigate certain exposures. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. The effects these derivative instruments and hedged items had on the Company’s balance sheets and the fair values of the derivatives outstanding at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 were not material. The effects on the Company’s financial performance and cash flows are provided below.
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Foreign Currency Risks and Related Strategies
The Company has foreign currency exposures throughout Europe, Greater Asia, Canada and Latin America. Transactional currency exposures that arise from entering into transactions, generally on an intercompany basis, in non-hyperinflationary countries that are denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are mitigated primarily through the use of forward contracts. In order to mitigate foreign currency exposure relating to its investments in certain foreign subsidiaries, the Company has hedged the currency risk associated with those investments with certain instruments, such as foreign currency-denominated debt and cross-currency swaps, which are designated as net investment hedges, as well as currency exchange contracts.
The notional amounts of the Company’s foreign currency-related derivative instruments as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Hedge DesignationDecember 31, 2023September 30, 2023
Foreign exchange contracts (a)Undesignated$1,990 $3,146 
Foreign currency-denominated debt (b)Net investment hedges1,095 1,056 
Cross-currency swaps (c)Net investment hedges2,119 2,119 
(a)Represent hedges of transactional foreign exchange exposures resulting primarily from intercompany payables and receivables. Gains and losses on these instruments are recognized immediately in income. These gains and losses are largely offset by gains and losses on the underlying hedged items, as well as the hedging costs associated with the derivative instruments. Net amounts recognized in Other expense, net, during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.
(b)Represents foreign currency-denominated long-term notes outstanding which were effective as economic hedges of net investments in certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries.
(c)Represents cross-currency swaps which were effective as economic hedges of net investments in certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries.
Net gains or losses relating to the net investment hedges, which are attributable to changes in the foreign currencies to U.S. dollar spot exchange rates, are recorded as accumulated foreign currency translation in Other comprehensive income (loss). Upon the termination of a net investment hedge, any net gain or loss included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relative to the investment hedge remains until the foreign subsidiary investment is disposed of or is substantially liquidated.
Net losses recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relating to the Company's net investment hedges for the three-month periods were as follows:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Foreign currency-denominated debt$(29)$(142)
Cross-currency swaps(55)(80)
Interest Rate Risks and Related Strategies
The Company uses a mix of fixed and variable rate debt to manage its interest rate exposure, and periodically uses interest rate swaps to manage such exposures. Under these interest rate swaps, the Company exchanges, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed and floating interest amounts calculated by reference to an agreed-upon notional principal amount. These swaps are designated as either cash flow or fair value hedges.
Changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges (i.e., hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk) are recorded in Other comprehensive income (loss). If interest rate derivatives designated as cash flow hedges are terminated, the balance in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to those derivatives is reclassified into earnings, within Interest expense, over the remaining life of the hedged debt. The amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income relating to cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, as well as the amounts expected to be reclassified within the next 12 months, are not material to the Company's consolidated financial results.
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Net after-tax losses recorded in Other comprehensive income relating to interest rate cash flow hedges were $19 million during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and were immaterial to the Company’s consolidated financial results during the three months ended December 31, 2022.
For interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges (i.e., hedges against the exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset or a liability or an identified portion thereof that is attributable to a particular risk), changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps offset changes in the fair value of the fixed rate debt due to changes in market interest rates. Amounts recorded during the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.
The notional amounts of the Company’s interest rate-related derivative instruments as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Hedge DesignationDecember 31, 2023September 30, 2023
Interest rate swaps (a)Fair value hedges$700 $700 
Forward starting interest rate swaps (b)Cash flow hedges500 500 
(a)Represents fixed-to-floating interest rate swap agreements the Company entered into to convert the interest payments on certain long-term notes from the fixed rate to a floating interest rate based on secured overnight financing rates (“SOFR”).
(b)Represents interest rate derivatives entered into to mitigate exposure to interest rate risk related to future debt issuances.
Other Risk Exposures
The Company purchases resins, which are oil-based components used in the manufacture of certain products. Significant increases in world oil prices that lead to increases in resin purchase costs could impact future operating results. From time to time, the Company has managed price risks associated with these commodity purchases through commodity derivative forward contracts. The Company's commodity derivative forward contracts at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.

Note 12 – Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
The following reconciles cash and equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023 to the total of these amounts shown on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
(Millions of dollars)December 31, 2023September 30, 2023
Cash and equivalents$1,180 $1,416 
Restricted cash54 65 
Cash and equivalents and restricted cash$1,234 $1,481 
Cash equivalents consist of all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at time of purchase. Restricted cash consists of cash restricted from withdrawal and usage except for certain product liability matters.
The fair values of the Company’s financial instruments are as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Basis of fair value measurementDecember 31, 2023September 30, 2023
Institutional money market accounts (a)Level 1$311 $373 
Current portion of long-term debt (b)Level 21,992 1,122 
Long-term debt (b)Level 213,012 12,850 
(a)These financial instruments are recorded within Cash and equivalents on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The institutional money market accounts permit daily redemption. The fair values of these investments are based upon the quoted prices in active markets provided by the holding financial institutions.
(b)Long-term debt is recorded at amortized cost. The fair value of long-term debt is measured based upon quoted prices in active markets for similar instruments.
Short-term investments are held to their maturities and are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. The short-term investments consist of instruments with maturities greater than three months and less than one year. All other instruments
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measured by the Company at fair value, including derivatives and contingent consideration liabilities, are immaterial to the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Transfers of Trade Receivables
Over the normal course of its business activities, the Company transfers certain trade receivable assets to third parties under factoring agreements. Per the terms of these agreements, the Company surrenders control over its trade receivables upon transfer. Accordingly, the Company accounts for the transfers as sales of trade receivables by recognizing an increase to Cash and equivalents and a decrease to Trade receivables, net when proceeds from the transactions are received. The costs incurred by the Company in connection with factoring activities were not material to its consolidated financial results. The amounts transferred and yet to be remitted under factoring arrangements are provided below.
Three Months Ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Trade receivables transferred to third parties under factoring arrangements$379 $740 
December 31, 2023September 30, 2023
Amounts yet to be collected and remitted to the third parties$363 $357 
Supplier Finance Programs
The Company has agreements where participating suppliers are provided the ability to receive early payment of the Company’s obligations at a nominal discount through supplier finance programs entered into with third party financial institutions. The Company is not a party to these arrangements, and these programs do not impact the Company’s obligations or affect the Company’s payment terms, which generally range from 90 to 150 days. The agreements with the financial institutions do not require the Company to provide assets pledged as security or other forms of guarantees for the supplier finance programs. The Company had $105 million and $94 million of outstanding payables related to supplier finance programs as of December 31, 2023 and September 30, 2023, respectively, which were recorded within Payables, accrued expenses and other current liabilities on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following commentary should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes presented in this report. Within the tables presented throughout this discussion, certain columns may not add due to the use of rounded numbers for disclosure purposes. Percentages and earnings per share amounts presented are calculated from the underlying amounts. References to years throughout this discussion relate to our fiscal years, which end on September 30.
Company Overview
Becton, Dickinson and Company (“BD”) is a global medical technology company engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of a broad range of medical supplies, devices, laboratory equipment and diagnostic products used by healthcare institutions, physicians, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public. The Company's organizational structure is based upon three principal business segments, BD Medical (“Medical”), BD Life Sciences (“Life Sciences”) and BD Interventional (“Interventional”).
BD’s products are manufactured and sold worldwide. Our products are marketed in the United States and internationally through independent distribution channels and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. We organize our operations outside the United States as follows: EMEA (which includes Europe, the Middle East and Africa); Greater Asia (which includes countries in Greater China, Japan, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Korea, Australia and New Zealand); Latin America (which includes Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America); and Canada. We continue to pursue growth opportunities in emerging markets, which include the following geographic regions: Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and certain countries within Greater Asia.
Key Trends Affecting Results of Operations
Our BD 2025 strategy for growth is anchored in three pillars: grow, simplify and empower. As we execute this strategy, we continue to invest in research and development, strategic tuck-in acquisitions, geographic expansion, and new product programs to drive further revenue and profit growth. Our ability to sustain our long-term growth will depend on a number of factors, including our ability to expand our core business (including strategic geographical expansion), and develop innovative new products, as well as continue to improve operating efficiency and organizational effectiveness.
Our operations, supply chain, suppliers and customers are exposed to various global macroeconomic factors and we continually evaluate macroeconomic conditions to assess their potential impact to our operations and financial results. Macroeconomic factors which continue to affect our operations and impacted results in the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 include the following:
As anticipated, market dynamics in China, such as volume-based procurement programs (“VoBP”), had an adverse impact on our results of operations, particularly in our Medical segment. We anticipate that these dynamics may continue to unfavorably impact our results of operations throughout our fiscal year 2024.
The supply of labor continues to be limited in certain markets and labor costs generally remain elevated. We expect that labor availability and costs will continue to be a macroeconomic challenge for our operations during our fiscal year 2024.
Although logistics capacity constraints did not materially impact our first quarter financial results, adequate supply of transportation capacity is critical to our operations and constrained capacity may unfavorably impact our results of operations.
In addition, current healthcare delivery has transitioned more care from acute to non-acute settings and has increased focus on chronic disease management; this transition has placed additional financial pressure on hospitals and the broader healthcare system. Healthcare institutions may take actions to mitigate any persistent pressures on their budgets and such actions could impact the future demand for our products and services. Additionally, a deterioration of staffing levels within healthcare systems may affect the prioritization of healthcare services, which could also impact the demand for certain of our products.
Certain geopolitical conditions, including the evolving situations in Ukraine, the Middle East and Asia, may contribute to the macroeconomic conditions discussed above. While these geopolitical conditions have not materially impacted our results of operations to date, the continuation and/or an escalation of these evolving situations may further weaken the global economy and could result in additional inflationary pressures and supply chain constraints, including the unavailability and cost of energy.
We have been mitigating the impacts of the macroeconomic and other factors discussed above through various strategies which leverage our procurement, logistics and manufacturing capabilities. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to effectively mitigate these pressures in future periods and an inability to offset these pressures through our strategies, at least in
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part, could adversely impact our results of operations. Due to the significant uncertainty that exists relative to the duration and overall impact of the macroeconomic and other factors discussed above, our future operating performance, particularly in the short-term, may be subject to volatility. The impacts of macroeconomic and other conditions on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows are dependent on certain factors, including those discussed in Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors of our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “2023 Annual Report”).
Overview of Financial Results and Financial Condition
For the three months ended December 31, 2023, worldwide revenues of $4.706 billion increased 2.6% from the prior-year period. This increase reflected the following impacts:
Increase (decrease) in current-period revenues
Volume/other0.5 %
Impact due to sale of Surgical Instrumentation platform(0.9)%
Pricing2.0 %
Foreign currency translation1.0 %
Increase in revenues from the prior-year period
2.6 %
Cash flows from operating activities were $855 million in the first three months of fiscal year 2024. At December 31, 2023, we had $1.236 billion in cash and equivalents and short-term investments, including restricted cash. We continued to return value to our shareholders in the form of dividends. During the first three months of fiscal year 2024, we paid cash dividends to common shareholders of $275 million.
Each reporting period, we face currency exposure that arises from translating the results of our worldwide operations to the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that fluctuate from the beginning of such period. The impacts of foreign currency translation on our revenues and earnings during the first quarter of fiscal year 2024 are provided further below. We evaluate our results of operations on both a reported and a foreign currency-neutral basis, which excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. As exchange rates are an important factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, we believe the presentation of results on a foreign currency-neutral basis in addition to reported results helps improve investors’ ability to understand our operating results and evaluate our performance in comparison to prior periods. Foreign currency-neutral ("FXN") information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant period-over-period. We use results on a foreign currency-neutral basis as one measure to evaluate our performance. We calculate foreign currency-neutral percentages by converting our current-period local currency financial results using the prior-period foreign currency exchange rates and comparing these adjusted amounts to our current-period results. These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Results on a foreign currency-neutral basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not measures of performance presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.


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Results of Operations
Medical Segment
The following summarizes first quarter Medical revenues by organizational unit:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022Total
Change
Estimated
FX
Impact
FXN Change
Medication Delivery Solutions$1,052 $1,039 1.2 %1.0 %0.2 %
Medication Management Solutions747 706 5.7 %0.7 %5.0 %
Pharmaceutical Systems431 409 5.4 %2.0 %3.4 %
Total Medical Revenues$2,230 $2,154 3.5 %1.1 %2.4 %

The Medical segment’s revenue growth in the first quarter of 2024 primarily reflected the following:
Strong global sales of catheters in the Medication Delivery Solutions unit were partially offset by the impact of unfavorable market dynamics in China, including VoBP.
Strong growth in sales of the Medication Management Solutions unit’s dispensing and infusion systems was partially offset by an unfavorable comparison due to stronger sales of the unit’s pharmacy automation portfolio in the prior-year period and the timing of planned capital installations.
Double-digit growth in sales of the Pharmaceutical Systems unit’s prefillable solutions in the biologic drug category was partially offset by customer inventory dynamics including a slowdown in demand for anticoagulants.
Medical segment income for the three-month period is provided below.
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Medical segment income$535 $554 
Segment income as % of Medical revenues24.0 %25.7 %
The Medical segment's operating income as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023 reflected the following:
Lower gross profit margin in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023, which primarily reflected:
Unfavorable impacts of higher raw material and labor costs, as well as unfavorable foreign currency translation.
Favorable impacts due to pricing, as well as lower manufacturing costs resulting from continuous improvement projects and other productivity initiatives, which enhanced the efficiency of our operations.
Lower selling and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023 primarily reflected cost containment measures and lower shipping costs.
Lower research and development expense as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023 due to the timing of project spending.
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Life Sciences Segment
The following summarizes first quarter Life Sciences revenues by organizational unit:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022Total
Change
Estimated
FX
Impact
FXN Change
Integrated Diagnostic Solutions$913 $952 (4.1)%1.4 %(5.5)%
Biosciences375 349 7.3 %1.6 %5.7 %
Total Life Sciences Revenues$1,288 $1,302 (1.0)%1.5 %(2.5)%
The Life Sciences segment’s revenues in the first quarter of 2024 primarily reflected the following:
An unfavorable comparison in the Integrated Diagnostic Solutions unit due to weaker respiratory illness-related sales in the current-year period was partially offset by growth in the unit’s microbiology platform and double-digit growth attributable to molecular diagnostic platforms.
Strong growth in sales of the Biosciences unit's research instruments, including recently launched instruments, and double-digit growth in sales of clinical reagents.
Life Sciences segment income for the three-month period is provided below.
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Life Sciences segment income$372 $433 
Segment income as % of Life Sciences revenues28.9 %33.3 %

The Life Sciences segment's operating income as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023 primarily reflected the following:
Lower gross profit margin in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023, which primarily reflected the current-period decline in respiratory illness-related revenues.
Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 was slightly higher compared with the first quarter of 2023, which primarily reflected the current-period decline in respiratory illness-related revenues, partially offset by cost containment measures.
Lower research and development expense as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023, which primarily reflected the timing of project spending.
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Interventional Segment
The following summarizes first quarter Interventional revenues by organizational unit:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022Total
Change
Estimated
FX
Impact
FXN Change
Surgery$369 $363 1.7 %0.5 %1.2 %
Peripheral Intervention454 433 4.8 %0.7 %4.1 %
Urology and Critical Care365 333 9.5 %0.2 %9.3 %
Total Interventional Revenues$1,188 $1,129 5.2 %0.5 %4.7 %
The Interventional segment’s revenue growth in the first quarter of 2024 primarily reflected the following:
Double-digit growth in global sales of the Surgery unit’s advanced repair and reconstruction platforms, as well as strong growth in sales of infection prevention products, partially offset by an impact of $39 million due to the unit’s sale of its Surgical Instrumentation platform.
Growth driven by continued global market penetration of the Peripheral Intervention unit’s peripheral vascular disease platform, partially offset by an unfavorable comparison of current-period sales due to the timing of U.S. distributors’ orders in the prior-year period.
Continued strong demand for the Urology and Critical Care unit’s PureWickTM offerings in the acute and alternative care settings.
Interventional segment income for the three-month period is provided below.
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Interventional segment income$291 $301 
Segment income as % of Interventional revenues24.5 %26.7 %

The Interventional segment's operating income as a percentage of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023 reflected the following:
Lower gross profit margin in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023, which primarily reflected unfavorable foreign currency translation.
Lower selling and administrative expense, as well as research and development expense, as percentages of revenues in the first quarter of 2024 compared with the first quarter of 2023, which primarily reflected revenue growth that outpaced spending.
Geographic Revenues
BD’s worldwide first quarter revenues by geography were as follows:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022Total
Change
Estimated
FX
Impact
FXN Change
United States$2,749 $2,730 0.7 %— %0.7 %
International1,957 1,856 5.5 %2.6 %2.9 %
Total Revenues$4,706 $4,586 2.6 %1.0 %1.6 %

U.S. revenue growth in the first quarter of 2024 was driven by strong sales in the Medical segment’s Medication Delivery Solutions and Medication Management Solutions units, as well as by strong sales in the Interventional segment’s Urology and Critical Care unit. First quarter U.S. revenues were unfavorably impacted by a decline in respiratory illness-related sales compared with the prior-year period, as discussed further above.
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International revenue growth in the first quarter of 2024 was driven by strong sales in both of the Life Sciences segment’s units and the Interventional segment’s Surgery and Peripheral Intervention units. First quarter international revenues were unfavorably impacted by a decline within the Medical segment’s Medication Delivery Solutions unit due to market dynamics in China, as discussed further above.
Emerging market revenues were as follows and reflected growth driven by sales in South Asia and Latin America, which was partially offset by the impacts of unfavorable market dynamics in China, as discussed above:
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022Total
Change
Estimated
FX
Impact
FXN Change
Emerging markets$716 $699 2.5 %1.3 %1.2 %
Specified Items
Reflected in the financial results for the three-month periods of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 were the following specified items:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)2023 2022
Integration costs (a)$$18 
Restructuring costs (a)69 26 
Separation-related items (b)
Purchase accounting adjustments (c)362 362 
European regulatory initiative-related costs (d)23 33 
Product, litigation, and other items (e)
14 
Total specified items475 449 
Less: tax impact of specified items(24)86 
After-tax impact of specified items$499 $364 
(a)Represents amounts associated with integration and restructuring activities which are recorded in Integration and restructuring expense and are further discussed below.
(b)Represents costs recorded to Other operating expense, net and incurred in connection with the separation of BD's former Diabetes Care business.
(c)Includes amortization and other adjustments related to the purchase accounting for acquisitions. BD’s amortization expense is recorded in Cost of products sold.
(d)Represents costs incurred to develop processes and systems to establish initial compliance with the European Union Medical Device Regulation and the European Union In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Device Regulation, which represent a significant, unusual change to the existing regulatory framework. We consider these costs to be duplicative of previously incurred costs and/or one-off costs, which are limited to a specific period of time. These expenses, which are recorded in Cost of products sold and Research and development expense, include the cost of labor, other services and consulting (in particular, research and development and clinical trials) and supplies, travel and other miscellaneous costs.
(e)Includes certain (income) expense items which are not part of ordinary operations and affect the comparability of the periods presented. Such items may include certain product remediation costs, certain litigation-related items, certain investment gains and losses, certain asset impairment charges, and certain pension settlement costs.


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Gross Profit Margin
The comparison of gross profit margin for the three-month periods of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 reflected the following impacts:
 Three-month period
December 31, 2022 gross profit margin %
46.5 %
Impact of purchase accounting adjustments and other specified items0.1 %
Operating performance(1.8)%
Foreign currency translation(1.7)%
December 31, 2023 gross profit margin %
43.1 %
Operating performance in the three-month period of 2024 primarily reflected the following:
Unfavorable impacts due to higher raw material and labor costs, as well as the absorption impact of planned inventory reductions.
Favorable impacts of pricing, as well as lower manufacturing costs resulting from our ongoing continuous improvement projects and other productivity initiatives.
Operating Expenses
A summary of operating expenses for the three-month periods of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 is as follows:
 Three months ended December 31,Increase (decrease) in basis points
 20232022
(Millions of dollars)  
Selling and administrative expense$1,213 $1,187 
% of revenues25.8 %25.9 %(10)
Research and development expense$290 $313 
% of revenues6.2 %6.8 %(60)
Integration and restructuring expense$75 $44 
Other operating expense, net$11 $
Selling and administrative expense
Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues in the three-month period of 2024 was relatively flat compared with the prior-year period, which primarily reflected lower shipping costs in the current-year period and cost containment measures, which were largely offset by unfavorable foreign currency translation.
Research and development expense
Research and development expense as a percentage of revenues in the three-month period of 2024 primarily reflected the timing of project spending.
Integration and restructuring expense
Integration and restructuring expense in the three-month period of 2024 included restructuring costs related to simplification and other cost-saving initiatives. Expense in the three-month period of 2023 also included system integration costs. For further disclosures regarding restructuring costs, refer to Note 9 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Nonoperating Income
Net interest expense
The components for the three-month periods of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Interest expense$(111)$(102)
Interest income34 
Net interest expense$(77)$(96)

Higher interest expense for the three-month period of fiscal year 2024 compared with the prior-year period was largely attributable to higher overall interest rates on debt outstanding.
Income Taxes
The income tax rates for the three-month periods of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 are provided below.
 Three months ended December 31,
20232022
Effective income tax rate21.6 %(5.8)%
Impact, in basis points, from specified items1,520 (1,200)

The effective income tax rate for the three-month period of fiscal year 2024 compared with the prior-year period primarily reflected the absence of certain favorable specified items compared to those recognized in the prior-year period.

Net Income and Diluted Earnings per Share
Net income and diluted earnings per share for the three-month periods of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
Three months ended December 31,
20232022
Net Income (Millions of dollars)$281 $509 
Diluted Earnings per Share$0.96 $1.70 
Unfavorable impact-specified items$(1.71)$(1.27)
Unfavorable impact-foreign currency translation$(0.25)
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Liquidity and Capital Resources
The following table summarizes our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Net cash provided by (used for):
Operating activities$855 $399 
Investing activities$(233)$(291)
Financing activities$(862)$(534)

Net Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Cash flows from operating activities in the first three months of fiscal year 2024 was largely driven by our net income, adjusted by a change in operating assets and liabilities that was a net source of cash. This net source of cash primarily reflected lower levels of trade receivables, partially offset by lower levels of accounts payable and accrued expenses.
Cash flows from operating activities in the first three months of fiscal year 2023 reflected net income, adjusted by a change in operating assets and liabilities that was a net use of cash. This net use of cash primarily reflected higher levels of inventory, prepaid expenses and trade receivables, as well as lower levels of accounts payable and accrued expenses.
Net Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Our investments in capital expenditures are focused on projects that enhance our cost structure and manufacturing capabilities, as well as support our BD 2025 strategy for growth and simplification. Net outflows from investing activities in the first three months of fiscal year 2024 included capital expenditure-related outflows of $116 million, compared with $208 million in the prior-year period.

Net Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Net cash from financing activities in the first three months of fiscal years 2024 and 2023 included the following significant cash flows:
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20232022
Cash inflow (outflow)
Change in short-term debt$— $365 
Payments of debt$— $(528)
Repurchases of common stock$(500)$— 
Dividends paid$(275)$(281)

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Certain measures relating to our total debt were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)December 31, 2023September 30, 2023
Total debt$16,110 $15,879 
Weighted average cost of total debt3.0 %3.0 %
Total debt as a percentage of total capital*38.0 %37.2 %
*    Represents shareholders’ equity, net non-current deferred income tax liabilities, and debt.
Cash and Short-Term Investments
At December 31, 2023, total worldwide cash and equivalents and short-term investments, including restricted cash, were approximately $1.236 billion. These assets were largely held in the United States and Europe. We regularly review the amount of cash and short-term investments held outside of the United States and our historical foreign earnings are used to fund foreign investments or meet foreign working capital and property, plant and equipment expenditure needs. To fund cash needs in the United States, we rely on ongoing cash flow from U.S. operations, access to capital markets and remittances from foreign subsidiaries of earnings that are not considered to be permanently reinvested.
Financing Facilities
We have a five-year senior unsecured revolving credit facility in place which will expire in September 2026. The credit facility provides borrowings of up to $2.750 billion, with separate sub-limits of $100 million and $194 million for letters of credit and swingline loans, respectively. The expiration date of the credit facility may be extended for up to two additional one-year periods, subject to certain restrictions (including the consent of the lenders). The credit facility provides that we may, subject to additional commitments by lenders, request an additional $500 million of financing, for a maximum aggregate commitment under the credit facility of up to $3.250 billion. Proceeds from this facility may be used for general corporate purposes and Becton Dickinson Euro Finance S.à r.l., an indirect, wholly-owned finance subsidiary of BD, is authorized as an additional borrower under the credit facility. There were no borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility at December 31, 2023.
The agreement for our revolving credit facility contains the following financial covenants. We were in compliance with these covenants, as applicable, as of December 31, 2023.
We are required to have a leverage coverage ratio of no more than:
4.25-to-1 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter following the closing of the credit facility; or
4.75-to-1 for the four full fiscal quarters following the consummation of a material acquisition.
We may access commercial paper programs over the normal course of our business activities. Our U.S. and multicurrency euro commercial paper programs provide for a maximum amount of unsecured borrowings under the two programs, in aggregate, of $2.750 billion. Proceeds from these programs may be used for working capital purposes and general corporate purposes, which may include acquisitions, share repurchases and repayments of debt. We had no commercial paper borrowings outstanding as of December 31, 2023. We have additional informal lines of credit outside the United States. Also, over the normal course of our business activities, we transfer certain trade receivable assets to third parties under factoring agreements. Additional disclosures regarding sales of trade receivable assets are provided in Note 12 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Access to Capital and Credit Ratings
Our corporate credit ratings with Standard & Poor's Ratings Services (“S&P”), Moody’s Investors Service (“Moody’s) and Fitch Ratings (“Fitch”) at December 31, 2023 were unchanged compared with our ratings at September 30, 2023.
Lower corporate debt ratings and downgrades of our corporate credit ratings or other credit ratings may increase our cost of borrowing. We believe that given our debt ratings, our financial management policies, our ability to generate cash flow and the non-cyclical, geographically diversified nature of our businesses, we would have access to additional short-term and long-term capital should the need arise. A rating reflects only the view of a rating agency and is not a recommendation to buy, sell or hold securities. Ratings can be revised upward or downward at any time by a rating agency if such rating agency decides that circumstances warrant such a change.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
We continually evaluate our accounts receivables for potential credit losses, particularly those resulting from sales to government-owned or government-supported healthcare facilities in certain countries, as payment may be dependent upon the
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financial stability and creditworthiness of those countries’ national economies. In addition to continually evaluating all governmental receivables for potential credit losses based upon historical loss experiences, we also evaluate such receivables based upon the availability of government funding and reimbursement practices. We believe the current reserves related to all governmental receivables are adequate and that these receivables will not have a material adverse impact on our financial position or liquidity.
To date, we have not experienced a significant increased risk of credit losses in general as a result of current macroeconomic conditions. No assurances can be given that the risk of credit losses will not increase in the future given the uncertainty around the duration of the current macroeconomic challenges and pressures.
Other Matters
Critical Accounting Policies
There were no changes to our critical accounting policies from those disclosed in our 2023 Annual Report.
Regulatory Matters
FDA Warning Letter
On January 11, 2018, BD received a Warning Letter from the FDA with respect to our former BD Preanalytical Systems ("PAS") unit, citing certain alleged violations of quality system regulations and of law. The Warning Letter states that, until BD resolves the outstanding issues covered by the Warning Letter, the FDA will not approve any premarket submissions for Class III devices to which the non-conformances are reasonably related or grant requests for certificates to foreign governments. BD has worked closely with the FDA and implemented corrective actions to address the quality management system concerns identified in the Warning Letter. In March 2020, the FDA conducted a subsequent inspection of PAS, which it classified as Voluntary Action Indicated, which means the FDA will not take or recommend any administrative or regulatory action as a result of the unit’s response to the observations associated with the quality management concerns in the inspection. BD continues to work with the FDA to generate additional clinical evidence and file 510(k)s as remaining commitments associated with the Warning Letter. In January 2022, BD received FDA clearance for its BD Vacutainer® ACD Blood Collection Tubes used in immunohematology. In July 2023, BD received FDA clearance for its BD Vacutainer®Trace Element K2EDTA and Serum Blood Collection Tubes. In August 2023, BD received FDA clearance for its BD Vacutainer® K2EDTA Tubes and BD Vacutainer® K3EDTA Tubes. In December 2023, BD received FDA clearance for its BD Vacutainer® Serum Separator (SST™) Blood Collection Tubes. In January 2024, BD received FDA clearance for its BD Vacutainer® Fluoride Blood Collection Tubes. The FDA review of these remaining commitments is ongoing, and no assurances can be given regarding further action by the FDA as a result of these commitments, including but not limited to action pursuant to the Warning Letter.
Ethylene Oxide/Consent Order — Covington, Georgia, USA
On October 28, 2019, BD entered into a consent order with the Environmental Protection Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources (the “EPD”), following the filing of a complaint and motion for temporary restraining order by the EPD seeking to enjoin BD from continuing sterilization operations at its Covington, Georgia facility. Under the terms of the consent order, which has been amended two times upon mutual agreement of BD and EPD, BD voluntarily agreed to a number of operational changes at its Covington and Madison, Georgia facilities, as well as at its distribution center in Covington, designed to further reduce ethylene oxide emissions, including but not limited to operating at a reduced capacity until successful implementation of fugitive emission control technology, ongoing ambient air monitoring and operational controls at such facilities. Following submission of data relating to the implementation of these operational changes, BD was permitted to return to normal operations in December 2021 at its facilities in Georgia in accordance with the operating conditions set forth in its permit applications. The final air permits for the Covington and Madison facilities were issued by the EPD on May 5, 2023.
At a broader level, there is increased focus on the use and emission of ethylene oxide by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and state environmental regulatory agencies. Additional regulatory requirements associated with the use and emission of ethylene oxide may be imposed in the future, either domestically or outside the U.S. Ethylene oxide is the most frequently used sterilant for medical devices and healthcare products in the U.S., and in certain cases is the only option to sterilize critical medical device products for the safe administration to patients. This increased regulation could require BD or sterilization service providers, including providers used by BD, to temporarily suspend operations to install additional emissions control technology, limit the use of ethylene oxide or take other actions, which would impact BD’s operations and further reduce the available capacity to sterilize medical devices and healthcare products, and could also result in additional costs. To this end, BD has proactively installed fugitive emissions controls at our facilities in East Columbus, NE and Sandy, UT, though such controls are not currently required by law. A few states have filed lawsuits to require additional air quality controls and expand limitations on the use of ethylene oxide at sterilization facilities. For example, in December 2020, the State of New Mexico filed a lawsuit seeking a temporary restraining order and a preliminary and permanent injunction against a major medical device sterilizer, which sterilizes certain of our surgery products, to reduce ethylene oxide emissions associated with their sterilization
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process. On April 13, 2023, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) published a proposed revision to the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants: Ethylene Oxide Emissions Standards for Sterilization Facilities and a Pesticide Registration Review; Proposed Interim Decision and Draft Risk Assessment Addendum for Ethylene Oxide. BD submitted comments on these proposed regulations. We cannot predict what any final regulations adopted by the EPA may require and therefore we are not able to assess the impact they may have on our sterilization facilities, on the third-party sterilization facilities that BD utilizes and our operations more generally. If any existing regulatory requirements or any such proceedings or rulemaking result in the suspension, curtailment or interruption of sterilization operations at BD or at medical device sterilizers used by BD, or otherwise limit the availability of third-party sterilization capacity, this could interrupt or otherwise adversely impact production of certain of our products or lead to civil litigation or other claims against BD. BD has business continuity plans in place to mitigate the impact of any such disruptions, although these plans may not be able to fully offset such impact, for the reasons noted above.

Consent Decree with FDA
As previously reported, our BD AlarisTM infusion pump organizational unit is operating under an amended consent decree entered into by CareFusion (the “Consent Decree”) that includes all infusion pumps manufactured by or for CareFusion 303, Inc., the organizational unit that manufactures and sells BD AlarisTM infusion pumps in the United States. 
Following an inspection that began in March 2020 of our Medication Management Systems facility (CareFusion 303, Inc.) in San Diego, California, the FDA issued to BD a Form 483 Notice (the “Form 483 Notice”) that contains a number of observations of non-conformance with the FDA’s quality system regulations. In December 2021, the FDA issued to CareFusion 303, Inc. a letter of non-compliance with respect to the Consent Decree (the “Non-Compliance Letter”) stating that, among other things, it had determined that certain of BD’s corrective actions with respect to the Form 483 Notice appeared to be adequate, some were still in progress such that adequacy could not be determined yet, and certain others were not adequate (e.g., complaint handling and corrective and preventive actions (“CAPA”), design verification and medical device reporting). Per the terms of the Non-Compliance Letter, CareFusion 303, Inc. provided the FDA with a proposed comprehensive corrective action plan and has retained an independent expert to conduct periodic audits of the CareFusion 303, Inc. infusion pump facilities through 2025. CareFusion 303, Inc. will update its corrective action plan to address any observations that may arise during the course of these audits. The FDA’s review of the items raised in the Form 483 Notice and Non-Compliance Letter remains ongoing, and no assurances can be given regarding further action by the FDA as a result of the observations, including but not limited to action pursuant to the Consent Decree, or that corrective actions proposed by CareFusion 303, Inc. will be adequate to address these observations. Additionally, we cannot currently predict the amount of additional monetary investment that will be incurred to resolve this matter or the matter’s ultimate impact on our business.
The Consent Decree authorizes the FDA, in the event of any violations in the future, to order us to cease manufacturing and distributing infusion pumps, recall products and take other actions. We may be required to pay damages of $15,000 per day per violation if we fail to comply with any provision of the Consent Decree, up to $15 million per year.
We may be obligated to pay more costs in the future because, among other things, the FDA may determine that we are not fully compliant with the Consent Decree and Non-Compliance Letter and therefore impose penalties under the Consent Decree, and/or we may also be subject to future proceedings and litigation relating to the matters addressed in the Consent Decree, including, but not limited to, additional fines, penalties, other monetary remedies, and expansion of the terms of the Consent Decree. As of September 30, 2023, we do not believe that a loss is probable in connection with the Consent Decree, and accordingly, we have no accruals associated with compliance with the Consent Decree.
As previously disclosed, on July 21, 2023, BD received 510(k) clearance from the FDA for its updated BD Alaris™ Infusion System, which enables both remediation and a return to market for the BD Alaris™ Infusion System. This clearance covers updated hardware features for Point-of-Care Unit (PCU), large volume pumps, syringe pumps, patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pumps, respiratory monitoring and auto-identification modules. It also covers a new BD Alaris™ Infusion System software version with enhanced cybersecurity, along with interoperability features that enable smart, connected care with electronic medical record systems. To address all open recalls and ensure all devices at customer sites are running the most recent version of the BD Alaris™ Infusion System Software, all of the current BD Alaris™ Infusion System devices in the U.S. market will be remediated or replaced with the updated 510(k) cleared version over the next several years.
For further discussion of risks relating to the regulations to which we are subject, see Part I, Item 1A, of our 2023 Annual Report.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. BD and its representatives may also, from time to time, make certain forward-looking statements in publicly released materials, both written and oral,
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including statements contained in filings with the SEC, press releases, and our reports to shareholders. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “plan,” “expect,” “believe,” “intend,” “will,” “may,” “anticipate,” “estimate” and other words of similar meaning in conjunction with, among other things, discussions of future operations and financial performance (including volume growth, pricing, sales and earnings per share growth, and cash flows) and statements regarding our strategy for growth, liquidity, future product development, regulatory approvals, competitive position and expenditures. All statements that address our future operating performance or events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future are forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements are, and will be, based on management’s then-current views and assumptions regarding future events, developments and operating performance, and speak only as of their dates. Investors should realize that if underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, or risks or uncertainties materialize, actual results could vary materially from our expectations and projections. Investors are therefore cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Furthermore, we undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date they are made, whether as a result of new information, future events and developments or otherwise, except as required by applicable law or regulations.
The following are some important factors that could cause our actual results to differ from our expectations in any forward-looking statements. For further discussion of certain of these factors, see Item 1A. Risk Factors in our 2023 Annual Report and our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.
General global, regional or national economic downturns and macroeconomic trends, including heightened inflation, capital market volatility, interest rate and currency rate fluctuations, and economic slowdown or recession, that may result in unfavorable conditions that could negatively affect demand for our products and services, impact the prices we can charge for our products and services, disrupt our supply chain, impair our ability to produce our products, or increase borrowing costs.
The impact of inflation and disruptions in our global supply chain on BD and our suppliers (particularly sole-source suppliers and providers of sterilization services), including fluctuations in the cost and availability of oil-based resins and other raw materials, as well as certain components, used in the production or sterilization of our products, transportation constraints and delays, product shortages, energy shortages or increased energy costs, labor shortages or disputes, and increased operating and labor costs.
Conditions in international markets, including social and political conditions, geopolitical developments such as the continuation and/or escalation of the evolving situations in Ukraine, the Middle East and Asia, civil unrest, terrorist activity, governmental changes, restrictions on the ability to transfer capital across borders, economic sanctions, export controls, tariffs and other protectionist measures and barriers to market participation (such as local company and products preferences), difficulties in protecting and enforcing our intellectual property rights and governmental expropriation of assets. Our international operations also increase our compliance risks, including risks under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and other anti-corruption and bribery laws, as well as regulatory and privacy laws.
Competitive factors that could adversely affect our operations, including new product introductions and technologies (for example, new forms of drug delivery or novel medical therapies) by our current or future competitors, consolidation or strategic alliances among healthcare companies, distributors and/or payers of healthcare to improve their competitive position or develop new models for the delivery of healthcare, increased pricing pressure due to the impact of low-cost manufacturers, patents attained by competitors (particularly as patents on our products expire), new entrants into our markets and changes in the practice of medicine.
Changes in the way healthcare services are delivered, including transition of more care from acute to non-acute settings and increased focus on chronic disease management, which may affect the demand for our products and services. Additionally, budget constraints and staffing shortages, particularly shortages of nursing staff, may affect the prioritization of healthcare services, which could also impact the demand for certain of our products and services.
Cost-containment efforts in the U.S. or in other countries in which we do business, such as alternative payment reform and increased use of competitive bidding and tenders, including, without limitation, any expansion of the volume-based procurement process in China or the implementation of similar cost-containment efforts.
Our ability to achieve our projected level or mix of product sales, as our earnings forecasts are based on projected sales volumes and pricing of many product types, some of which are more profitable than others.
Changes in the coverage or reimbursement landscape, or adverse decisions relating to our products by governments or third-party payers, which could reduce demand for our products or the price we can charge for such products.
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Risks relating to our overall level of indebtedness, including our ability to service our debt and refinance our indebtedness, which is dependent upon the capital markets and the overall macroeconomic environment and our financial condition at such time.
Changes in the domestic and foreign healthcare industry or in medical practices that result in a reduction in procedures using our products or increased pricing pressures, including cost-reduction measures instituted by and the continued consolidation among healthcare providers.
The effects of regulatory or other events (such as public health crises) that adversely impact our supply chain, including our ability to manufacture (including sterilize) our products (particularly where production of a product line or sterilization operations are concentrated in one or more plants), source materials or components or services from suppliers (including sole-source suppliers) that are needed for such manufacturing (including sterilization), or provide products to our customers, including events that impact key distributors. In particular, there has been increased regulatory focus on the use and emission of ethylene oxide in sterilization processes, and additional regulatory requirements have been proposed and may be imposed in the future that could adversely impact BD or our third-party sterilization providers.
Security breaches of our information and technology systems or our products, which could impair our ability to conduct business, result in the loss of BD trade secrets or otherwise compromise sensitive information of BD or its customers, suppliers and other business partners, or of patients, including sensitive personal data, or result in product efficacy or safety concerns for certain of our products, and result in actions by regulatory bodies or civil litigation.
Product efficacy or safety concerns regarding our products resulting in product holds or recalls, regulatory action on the part of the FDA or foreign counterparts (including restrictions on future product clearances and civil penalties), declining sales and product liability claims, and damage to our reputation. As a result of the CareFusion acquisition, our U.S. infusion pump business is operating under a Consent Decree with the FDA. The Consent Decree authorizes the FDA, in the event of any violations in the future, to order our U.S. infusion pump business to cease manufacturing and distributing products, recall products or take other actions, and order the payment of significant monetary damages if the business subject to the decree fails to comply with any provision of the Consent Decree. In accordance with our commitments to the FDA, the overall timing of replacement or remediation of the BD Alaris™ Infusion Systems and return to market in the U.S. may be impacted by, among other things, customer readiness, supply continuity and our continued engagement with the FDA.
Difficulties inherent in product development, including the potential inability to successfully continue technological innovation, successfully complete clinical trials, obtain and maintain regulatory approvals and registrations in the U.S. and abroad, obtain intellectual property protection for our products, obtain coverage and adequate reimbursement for new products, or gain and maintain market approval of products, as well as the possibility of infringement claims by competitors with respect to patents or other intellectual property rights, all of which could preclude or delay commercialization of a product. Delays in obtaining necessary approvals or clearances from the FDA or other regulatory agencies or changes in the regulatory process may also delay product launches and increase development costs.
Any impact that public health crises, such as pandemics and epidemics, including COVID-19, may have on our business, the global economy and the global healthcare system. This may include decreases in the demand for our products, disruptions to our operations or the operations of our suppliers and customers, disruptions to our supply chain, or increases in transportation costs.
The impact of changes in U.S. federal or foreign laws and policies that could affect fiscal and tax policies, taxation (including tax reforms, such as the implementation of a global minimum tax, that could adversely impact multinational corporations), and international trade, including import and export regulation and international trade agreements. In particular, tariffs, sanctions or other trade barriers imposed by the U.S. or other countries could adversely impact our supply chain costs or otherwise adversely impact our results of operations.
The risks associated with the qualification of the spin-off of our former Diabetes Care business as a tax-free transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
The impact of business combinations or divestitures, including any volatility in earnings relating to acquisition-related costs, and our ability to successfully integrate any business we may acquire.
Our ability to penetrate or expand our operations in emerging markets, which depends on local economic and political conditions, and how well we are able to make necessary infrastructure enhancements to production facilities and distribution networks.
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Deficit reduction efforts or other actions that reduce the availability of government funding for healthcare and research, which could weaken demand for our products and result in additional pricing pressures, as well as create potential collection risks associated with such sales.
Fluctuations in university or U.S. and international governmental funding and policies for life sciences research.
Our ability to recruit and retain key employees and the impact of labor conditions which could increase employee turnover or increase our labor and operating costs and negatively affect our ability to efficiently operate our business.
Fluctuations in the demand for products we sell to pharmaceutical companies that are used to manufacture, or are sold with, the products of such companies, as a result of funding constraints, consolidation or otherwise.
The impact of climate change, or legal, regulatory or market measures to address climate change, such as regulation of greenhouse gas emissions, zero-carbon energy and sustainability mandates, and additional taxes on fuel and energy, and changing customer preferences and requirements, such as those regarding the use of materials of concern, increased demand for products with lower environmental footprints, and for companies to set and demonstrate progress against greenhouse gas reduction plans and targets.
Natural disasters, including the impacts of hurricanes, tornadoes, windstorms, fires, earthquakes and floods and other extreme weather events, global health pandemics, war, terrorism, labor disruptions and international conflicts that could cause significant economic disruption and political and social instability, resulting in decreased demand for our products, adversely affect our manufacturing and distribution capabilities or cause interruptions in our supply chain.
Pending and potential future litigation or other proceedings asserting, and/or investigations concerning and/or subpoenas and requests seeking information with respect to, alleged violations of law (including in connection with federal and/or state healthcare programs (such as Medicare or Medicaid) and/or sales and marketing practices (such as investigative subpoenas and the civil investigative demands received by BD)), potential anti-corruption and related internal control violations under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, antitrust claims, securities law claims, product liability (which may involve lawsuits seeking class action status or seeking to establish multi-district litigation proceedings, including pending claims relating to our hernia repair implant products, surgical continence products for women, vena cava filter products and implantable ports), claims with respect to environmental matters, data privacy breaches and patent infringement, and the availability or collectability of insurance relating to any such claims.
New or changing laws and regulations affecting our domestic and foreign operations, or changes in enforcement practices, including, without limitation, laws relating to sales practices, environmental protection and reporting, price controls, privacy, cybersecurity, and licensing and regulatory requirements for new products and products in the post-marketing phase. In particular, the U.S. and other countries may impose new requirements regarding registration, labeling or prohibited materials that may require us to re-register products already on the market or otherwise impact our ability to market our products. Environmental laws, particularly with respect to the emission of greenhouse gases, are also becoming more stringent throughout the world, which may increase our costs of operations or necessitate changes in our manufacturing plants or processes or those of our suppliers, or result in liability to BD.
The effect of adverse media exposure or other publicity regarding BD’s business or operations, including the effect on BD’s reputation or demand for its products.
The effect of market fluctuations on the value of assets in BD’s pension plans and on actuarial interest rate and asset return assumptions, which could require BD to make additional contributions to the plans or increase our pension plan expense.
Our ability to obtain the anticipated benefits of restructuring programs, if any, that we may undertake.
Issuance of new or revised accounting standards by the FASB or the SEC.
The foregoing list sets forth many, but not all, of the factors that could impact our ability to achieve results described in any forward-looking statements. Investors should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors and should not consider this list to be a complete statement of all potential risks and uncertainties.
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Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
There have been no material changes in information reported since the end of the fiscal year ended September 30, 2023.
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures
An evaluation was carried out by BD’s management, with the participation of BD’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of BD’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of December 31, 2023. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the design and operation of these disclosure controls and procedures were, as of the end of the period covered by this report, effective and designed to ensure that material information relating to BD and its consolidated subsidiaries would be made known to them by others within these entities.
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2023 identified in connection with the above-referenced evaluation that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, BD’s internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings
We are involved, both as a plaintiff and a defendant, in various legal proceedings, including product liability and environmental matters as set forth in our 2023 Annual Report, and in Note 5 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this report, which is incorporated herein by reference.


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Item 1A.     Risk Factors

There have been no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A, of our 2023 Annual Report.
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
The table below sets forth certain information regarding our purchases of common stock of BD during the quarter ended December 31, 2023.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
For the three months ended December 31, 2023Total Number of
Shares Purchased (1)
Average Price
Paid per
Share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of
Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
Maximum Number
of Shares that May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs (2)
October 1 - 31, 20231,086 $256.74 — 8,799,998 
November 1 – 30, 2023 (3)
1,718,377 236.05 1,718,140 7,081,858 
December 1 – 31, 2023 (3)
400,081 236.05 400,081 6,681,777 
Total2,119,544 $236.06 2,118,221 6,681,777 
(1)Includes 1,323 shares purchased during the quarter in open market transactions by the trust relating to BD’s Deferred Compensation and Retirement Benefit Restoration Plan and 1996 Directors’ Deferral Plan.
(2)Represents shares available under a repurchase program authorized by the Board of Directors on November 3, 2021, for 10 million shares, for which there is no expiration date.
(3)Shares purchased includes an initial delivery of 1,718,140 shares of our common stock received upon payment of $500 million