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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
__________________________________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 001-35780
__________________________________________________
BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________________
Delaware80-0188269
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
2 Wells Avenue
Newton, Massachusetts
02459
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (617) 673-8000
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per shareBFAMNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
As of April 25, 2022, there were 59,403,190 shares of common stock outstanding.


BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
FORM 10-Q
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(In thousands, except share data)
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$257,227 $260,980 
Accounts receivable — net of allowance for credit losses of $3,032 and $3,006 at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
187,705 210,971 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets76,141 68,320 
Total current assets521,073 540,271 
Fixed assets — net583,174 598,134 
Goodwill1,470,154 1,481,725 
Other intangible assets — net243,423 251,032 
Operating lease right-of-use assets683,547 696,425 
Other assets92,752 72,460 
Total assets$3,594,123 $3,640,047 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long-term debt$16,000 $16,000 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses205,404 197,366 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities90,152 87,341 
Deferred revenue232,899 258,438 
Other current liabilities54,154 63,030 
Total current liabilities598,609 622,175 
Long-term debt — net972,692 976,396 
Operating lease liabilities689,629 703,911 
Other long-term liabilities96,327 100,091 
Deferred revenue9,428 9,689 
Deferred income taxes54,932 48,509 
Total liabilities2,421,617 2,460,771 
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021
  
     Common stock, $0.001 par value; 475,000,000 shares authorized; 59,133,183 and 59,305,160 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
59 59 
Additional paid-in capital717,745 745,615 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(35,665)(37,359)
Retained earnings490,367 470,961 
Total stockholders’ equity1,172,506 1,179,276 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$3,594,123 $3,640,047 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands, except share data)
Revenue$460,409 $390,840 
Cost of services350,350 309,482 
Gross profit110,059 81,358 
Selling, general and administrative expenses71,746 60,110 
Amortization of intangible assets7,149 7,540 
Income from operations31,164 13,708 
Interest expense — net(7,046)(9,016)
Income before income tax24,118 4,692 
Income tax benefit (expense)(4,712)2,440 
Net income$19,406 $7,132 
Earnings per common share:
Common stock — basic$0.33 $0.12 
Common stock — diluted$0.33 $0.12 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Common stock — basic59,094,724 60,594,947 
Common stock — diluted59,415,345 61,325,973 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands)
Net income$19,406 $7,132 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments(17,006)(514)
Unrealized gain on cash flow hedges and investments, net of tax18,700 1,752 
Total other comprehensive income1,694 1,238 
Comprehensive income$21,100 $8,370 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31, 2022
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Treasury Stock,
at Cost
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained EarningsTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmount
(In thousands, except share data)
Balance at January 1, 202259,305,160 $59 $745,615 $ $(37,359)$470,961 $1,179,276 
Stock-based compensation expense6,096 6,096 
Issuance of common stock under the Equity Incentive Plan165,517 1 8,894 8,895 
Shares received in net share settlement of stock option exercises and vesting of restricted stock(25,594)— (3,175)(3,175)
Purchase of treasury stock(39,686)(39,686)
Retirement of treasury stock(311,900)(1)(39,685)39,686  
Other comprehensive income1,694 1,694 
Net income19,406 19,406 
Balance at March 31, 202259,133,183 $59 $717,745 $ $(35,665)$490,367 $1,172,506 
Three months ended March 31, 2021
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Treasury Stock,
at Cost
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Retained EarningsTotal
Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmount
(In thousands, except share data)
Balance at January 1, 202160,466,168 $60 $910,304 $ $(27,069)$400,502 $1,283,797 
Stock-based compensation expense5,306 5,306 
Issuance of common stock under the Equity Incentive Plan296,392 1 18,996 18,997 
Shares received in net share settlement of stock option exercises and vesting of restricted stock(35,859)— (5,845)(5,845)
Other comprehensive income1,238 1,238 
Net income7,132 7,132 
Balance at March 31, 202160,726,701 $61 $928,761 $ $(25,831)$407,634 $1,310,625 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income$19,406 $7,132 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization25,576 27,282 
Stock-based compensation expense6,096 5,306 
Deferred income taxes376 1,016 
Other non-cash adjustments — net159 (964)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable22,892 10,006 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(13,238)(11,192)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses10,621 (3,889)
Income taxes272 (5,262)
Deferred revenue(25,060)37,706 
Leases1,513 (819)
Other assets6,987 3,660 
Other current and long-term liabilities2,958 (1,687)
Net cash provided by operating activities58,558 68,295 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of fixed assets(11,595)(17,912)
Proceeds from the disposal of fixed assets 3,858 
Purchases of debt securities and other investments(3,180)(5,269)
Proceeds from the maturity of debt securities and sale of other investments5,569 6,000 
Payments and settlements for acquisitions — net of cash acquired(147)(8,961)
Net cash used in investing activities(9,353)(22,284)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Principal payments of long-term debt(4,000)(2,688)
Purchase of treasury stock(39,913) 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock upon exercise of options and restricted stock upon purchase8,823 22,432 
Taxes paid related to the net share settlement of stock options and restricted stock(3,174)(5,845)
Payments of contingent consideration for acquisitions(13,865) 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(52,129)13,899 
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(605)(539)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(3,529)59,371 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — beginning of period265,281 388,465 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — end of period$261,752 $447,836 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(Unaudited)
Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands)
RECONCILIATION OF CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH TO THE CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS:
Cash and cash equivalents$257,227 $442,124 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents, included in prepaid expenses and other current assets4,525 5,712 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — end of period$261,752 $447,836 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Cash payments of interest$6,168 $8,403 
Cash payments of income taxes$4,072 $1,980 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities$33,884 $36,964 
NON-CASH TRANSACTIONS:
Fixed asset purchases recorded in accounts payable and accrued expenses$1,074 $2,556 
Contingent consideration issued for acquisitions$ $6,518 
Operating right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities — net$8,517 $18,412 
Restricted stock reclassified from other current liabilities to equity upon vesting$3,160 $4,178 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
8

BRIGHT HORIZONS FAMILY SOLUTIONS INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Organization — Bright Horizons Family Solutions Inc. (“Bright Horizons” or the “Company”) provides center-based early education and child care, back-up child and adult/elder care, tuition assistance and student loan repayment program administration, educational advisory services, and other support services for employers and families in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Puerto Rico and India. The Company provides services designed to help families, employers and their employees better integrate work and family life, primarily under multi-year contracts with employers who offer child care, dependent care, and workforce education services, as part of their employee benefits packages in an effort to support employees across life and career stages and improve employee engagement.
Basis of Presentation — The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2022 and the condensed consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the interim periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP” or “GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required in accordance with U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
In the opinion of the Company’s management, the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2022 and the condensed consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the interim periods ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the results of the interim periods presented. The operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year.
Stockholders Equity — The board of directors of the Company authorized a share repurchase program of up to $400 million of the Company’s outstanding common stock effective December 16, 2021. The share repurchase program has no expiration date and replaced the prior June 2018 authorization. The shares may be repurchased from time to time in open market transactions at prevailing market prices, in privately negotiated transactions, under Rule 10b5-1 plans, or by other means in accordance with federal securities laws. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company repurchased 0.3 million shares for $39.7 million. At March 31, 2022, $340.9 million remained available under the repurchase program. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, there were no share repurchases. All repurchased shares have been retired.
Government Support — During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company participated in government support programs that were enacted in response to the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including availing itself of certain tax deferrals, tax credits and federal block grant funding in the United States, as well as employee wage support in the United Kingdom.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, $25.3 million and $9.6 million, respectively, was recorded as a reduction to cost of services in relation to these benefits, of which $9.5 million and $2.9 million, respectively, reduced the operating subsidy revenue due from employers for the related child care centers. Additionally during the three months ended March 31, 2022, amounts received for tuition support of $2.0 million were recorded to revenue. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $4.0 million and $3.3 million, respectively, was recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheet for amounts due from government support programs. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $2.6 million and $3.9 million was recorded to other current liabilities related to government support received related to future periods, and as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, payroll tax deferrals of $7.0 million were recorded in accounts payable and accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheet.
9

2. REVENUE RECOGNITION
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers into segments and geographical regions. Revenue disaggregated by segment and geographical region was as follows:
Full service
center-based
child care
Back-up careEducational
advisory and
other services
Total
(In thousands)
Three months ended March 31, 2022
North America$243,237 $75,929 $25,633 $344,799 
Europe110,695 4,915  115,610 
$353,932 $80,844 $25,633 $460,409 
Three months ended March 31, 2021
North America$192,454 $71,182 $24,166 $287,802 
Europe97,865 5,173  103,038 
$290,319 $76,355 $24,166 $390,840 
The classification “North America” is comprised of the Company’s United States and Puerto Rico operations and the classification “Europe” includes the United Kingdom, Netherlands, and India operations.
Deferred Revenue
The Company records deferred revenue when payments are received in advance of the Company’s performance under the contract, which is recognized as revenue as the performance obligation is satisfied. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, $136.5 million and $107.0 million was recognized as revenue related to the deferred revenue balance recorded at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original contract term of one year or less, or for variable consideration allocated to the unsatisfied performance obligation of a series of services. The transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations relates to services that are paid or invoiced in advance. The Company’s remaining performance obligations not subject to the practical expedients were not material.
3. LEASES
The Company has operating leases for certain of its full service and back-up early education and child care centers, corporate offices, call centers, and to a lesser extent, various office equipment, in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands. Most of the leases expire within 10 to 15 years and many contain renewal options and/or termination provisions. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there were no material finance leases.
Lease Expense
The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands)
Operating lease expense (1)
$32,528 $33,625 
Variable lease expense (1)
9,944 6,942 
Total lease expense$42,472 $40,567 
(1) Excludes short-term lease expense and sublease income, which were immaterial for the periods presented.
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Other Information
The weighted average remaining lease term and the weighted average discount rate were as follows:
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)1010
Weighted average discount rate5.8%5.8%
Maturity of Lease Liabilities
The following table summarizes the maturity of lease liabilities as of March 31, 2022:
Operating Leases
(In thousands)
Remainder of 2022$89,548 
2023129,928 
2024119,567 
2025106,339 
202697,691 
Thereafter485,100 
Total lease payments1,028,173 
Less imputed interest(248,392)
Present value of lease liabilities779,781 
Less current portion of operating lease liabilities
(90,152)
Long-term operating lease liabilities$689,629 
As of March 31, 2022, the Company had entered into additional operating leases that have not yet commenced with total fixed payment obligations of $30.9 million. The leases are expected to commence between the second and fourth quarter of fiscal 2022 and have initial lease terms of approximately 10 to 15 years.
4. ACQUISITIONS
The Company’s growth strategy includes expansion through strategic and synergistic acquisitions. The goodwill resulting from these acquisitions arises largely from synergies expected from combining the operations of the businesses acquired with the Company's existing operations, including cost efficiencies and leveraging existing client relationships, as well as from benefits derived from gaining the related assembled workforce.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company paid contingent consideration of $19.1 million related to an acquisition completed in 2019 and contingent consideration of $0.2 million related to an acquisition completed in 2021. Of the total amounts paid of $19.3 million, $13.9 million had been recorded as a liability at the date of acquisition.
2021 Acquisitions
During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company acquired two centers as well as a school-age camp provider in the United States, 13 centers in the United Kingdom, and three centers in the Netherlands, in five separate business acquisitions, which were each accounted for as a business combination. These businesses were acquired for aggregate cash consideration of $53.2 million, net of cash acquired of $2.2 million, and consideration payable of $0.6 million. Additionally, the Company is subject to contingent consideration payments for two of these acquisitions, and recorded a fair value estimate of $7.3 million in relation to these contingent consideration arrangements at acquisition. Contingent consideration of up to $1.2 million was payable within one year from the date of acquisition if certain performance targets were met for one of the acquisitions, of which $0.8 million has been paid based on the performance targets met. Contingent consideration is payable in 2026 based on certain financial metrics for the other acquisition. The Company recorded goodwill of $39.5 million related to the full service center-based child care segment, of which $3.4 million will be deductible for tax purposes, and $14.6 million related to the back-up care segment, all of which will be deductible for tax purposes. In addition, the Company recorded intangible assets of $5.7 million that will be amortized over five years, as well as fixed assets of $10.1 million in relation to these acquisitions.
11

The allocation of purchase price consideration is based on preliminary estimates of fair value; such estimates and assumptions are subject to change within the measurement period (up to one year from the acquisition date). As of March 31, 2022, the purchase price allocations for three of the acquisitions remain open as the Company gathers additional information regarding the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed.
During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company paid $0.6 million for contingent consideration related to acquisitions completed in 2021, which had been recorded as a liability at the date of acquisition.
5. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill were as follows:
Full service
center-based
child care
Back-up careEducational
advisory and
other services
Total
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1, 2022$1,233,096 $208,786 $39,843 $1,481,725 
Adjustments to prior year acquisitions350   350 
Effect of foreign currency translation(11,213)(708) (11,921)
Balance at March 31, 2022$1,222,233 $208,078 $39,843 $1,470,154 
The Company also has intangible assets, which consisted of the following at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
March 31, 2022Weighted average
amortization period
CostAccumulated
amortization
Net carrying
amount
(In thousands)
Definite-lived intangible assets:
Customer relationships14 years$399,161 $(338,276)$60,885 
Trade names6 years12,123 (10,388)1,735 
411,284 (348,664)62,620 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
Trade namesN/A180,803 — 180,803 
$592,087 $(348,664)$243,423 
December 31, 2021Weighted average
amortization period
CostAccumulated
amortization
Net carrying
amount
(In thousands)
Definite-lived intangible assets:
Customer relationships14 years$400,399 $(332,571)$67,828 
Trade names6 years12,358 (10,150)2,208 
412,757 (342,721)70,036 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
Trade namesN/A180,996 — 180,996 
$593,753 $(342,721)$251,032 
12

The Company estimates that it will record amortization expense related to intangible assets existing as of March 31, 2022 as follows over the next five years:
Estimated amortization expense
(In thousands)
Remainder of 2022$21,008 
2023$26,601 
2024$12,174 
2025$1,974 
2026$971 
6. CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS AND DEBT OBLIGATIONS
Senior Secured Credit Facilities
The Company's senior secured credit facilities consist of a term loan B facility of $600 million (“term loan B”) and a term loan A facility of $400 million (“term loan A”), collectively the “term loan facilities” or “term loans,” as well as a $400 million multi-currency revolving credit facility (“revolving credit facility”). Long term debt obligations were as follows:
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(In thousands)
Term loan B$598,500 $600,000 
Term loan A397,500 400,000 
Deferred financing costs and original issue discount(7,308)(7,604)
Total debt988,692 992,396 
Less current maturities(16,000)(16,000)
Long-term debt$972,692 $976,396 
All borrowings under the credit facilities are subject to variable interest. The effective interest rate for the term loans was 2.53% and 2.29% at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and the weighted average interest rate was 2.34% and 2.50% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, prior to the effects of any interest rate hedge arrangements. The weighted average interest rate for the revolving credit facility was 4.25% and 4.50% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Term Loan B Facility
The seven year term loan B matures on November 23, 2028 and requires quarterly principal payments equal to 1% per annum of the original aggregate principal amount of the term loan B, with the remaining principal balance due at maturity. Borrowings under the term loan B facility bear interest at a rate per annum of 1.25% over the base rate, or 2.25% over the eurocurrency rate. The eurocurrency rate is the one, three or six month LIBOR rate or, with applicable lender approval, the nine or twelve month or less than one month LIBOR rate, subject to an interest rate floor of 0.50%. The base rate is subject to an interest rate floor of 1.50%.
Term Loan A Facility
The five year term loan A matures on November 23, 2026 and requires quarterly principal payments equal to 2.5% per annum of the original aggregate principal amount of the term loan A in each of the first three years, 5.0% in the fourth year, and 7.5% in the fifth year. The remaining principal balance is due at maturity. Borrowings under the term loan A facility bear interest at a rate per annum ranging from 0.50% to 0.75% over the base rate, subject to an interest rate floor of 1.00%, or 1.50% to 1.75% over the eurocurrency rate. The eurocurrency rate is the one, three or six month LIBOR rate or, with applicable lender approval, the nine or twelve month or less than one month LIBOR rate.
Revolving Credit Facility
The $400 million multi-currency revolving credit facility matures on May 26, 2026. There were no borrowings outstanding on the revolving credit facility at both March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
Borrowings under the revolving credit facility bear interest at a rate per annum ranging from 0.50% to 0.75% over the base rate, subject to an interest rate floor of 1.00%, or 1.50% to 1.75% over the eurocurrency rate.
13

Debt Covenants
All obligations under the senior secured credit facilities are secured by substantially all the assets of the Company’s material U.S. subsidiaries. The senior secured credit facilities contain a number of covenants that, among other things and subject to certain exceptions, may restrict the ability of Bright Horizons Family Solutions LLC, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, and its restricted subsidiaries, to: incur liens; make investments, loans, advances and acquisitions; incur additional indebtedness or guarantees; pay dividends on capital stock or redeem, repurchase or retire capital stock or subordinated indebtedness; engage in transactions with affiliates; sell assets, including capital stock of the Company’s subsidiaries; alter the business conducted; enter into agreements restricting the Company’s subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends; and consolidate or merge.
In addition, the credit agreement governing the senior secured credit facilities requires Bright Horizons Capital Corp., the Company's direct subsidiary, to be a passive holding company, subject to certain exceptions. The term loan A and the revolving credit facility require Bright Horizons Family Solutions LLC, the borrower, and its restricted subsidiaries, to comply with a maximum first lien net leverage ratio not to exceed 4.25 to 1.00. A breach of the applicable covenant is subject to certain equity cure rights.
Future principal payments of long-term debt are as follows for the years ending December 31:
Long-term debt
(In thousands)
Remainder of 2022$12,000 
202316,000 
202418,500 
202528,500 
2026351,000 
Thereafter570,000 
Total future principal payments$996,000 
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company is subject to interest rate risk as all borrowings under the senior secured credit facilities are subject to variable interest rates. The Company's risk management policy permits using derivative instruments to manage interest rate and other risks. The Company uses interest rate swaps and caps to manage a portion of the risk related to changes in cash flows from interest rate movements. In June 2020, the Company entered into interest rate cap agreements with a total notional value of $800 million, designated and accounted for as cash flow hedges from inception, to provide the Company with interest rate protection in the event the one-month LIBOR rate increases above 1%. Interest rate cap agreements for $300 million notional value have an effective date of June 30, 2020 and expire on October 31, 2023, while interest rate cap agreements for another $500 million notional amount have an effective date of October 29, 2021 and expire on October 31, 2023.
In December 2021, the Company entered into additional interest rate cap agreements with a total notional value of $900 million designated and accounted for as cash flow hedges from inception. Interest rate cap agreements for $600 million, which have a forward starting effective date of October 31, 2023 and expire on October 31, 2025, provide the Company with interest rate protection in the event the one-month LIBOR rate increases above 2.5%. Interest rate cap agreements for $300 million, which have a forward starting effective date of October 31, 2023 and expire on October 31, 2026, provide the Company with interest rate protection in the event the one-month LIBOR rate increases above 3.0%.
The fair value of the derivative financial instruments was as follows for the periods presented:
Derivative financial instrumentsConsolidated balance sheet classificationMarch 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(In thousands)
Interest rate caps - assetOther assets$33,722 $8,809 
14

The effect of the derivative financial instruments on other comprehensive income (loss) was as follows:
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instrumentsAmount of gain (loss) recognized in other comprehensive income (loss)Consolidated statement of income classificationAmount of net gain (loss) reclassified into earningsTotal effect on other comprehensive income (loss)
(In thousands)(In thousands)
Three months ended March 31, 2022
Cash flow hedges$24,913 Interest expense — net$(103)$25,016 
Income tax effect(6,652)Income tax expense(449)(6,203)
Net of income taxes$18,261 $(552)$18,813 
Three months ended March 31, 2021
Cash flow hedges$978 Interest expense — net$(1,450)$2,428 
Income tax effect(261)Income tax expense387 (648)
Net of income taxes$717 $(1,063)$1,780 
During the next twelve months, the Company estimates that a net gain of $6.2 million, pre-tax, will be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and recorded as a reduction to interest expense related to these derivative financial instruments.
7. EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following tables set forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share using the two-class method:
Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands, except share data)
Basic earnings per share:
Net income$19,406 $7,132 
Allocation of net income to common stockholders:
Common stock$19,324 $7,105 
Unvested participating shares82 27 
Net income$19,406 $7,132 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Common stock59,094,724 60,594,947 
Unvested participating shares250,399 235,184 
Earnings per common share:
Common stock$0.33 $0.12 
15

Three months ended March 31,
20222021
(In thousands, except share data)
Diluted earnings per share:
Earnings allocated to common stock$19,324 $7,105 
Plus: earnings allocated to unvested participating shares82 27 
Less: adjusted earnings allocated to unvested participating shares(82)(27)
Earnings allocated to common stock$19,324 $7,105 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Common stock59,094,724 60,594,947 
Effect of dilutive securities320,621 731,026 
Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted59,415,345 61,325,973 
Earnings per common share:
Common stock$0.33 $0.12 
Options outstanding to purchase 1.2 million and 0.8 million shares of common stock were excluded from diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, since their effect was anti-dilutive. These options may become dilutive in the future.
8. INCOME TAXES
The Company’s effective income tax rates were 19.5% and (52.0)% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The effective income tax rate may fluctuate from quarter to quarter for various reasons, including changes to income before income tax, jurisdictional mix of income before income tax, valuation allowances, jurisdictional income tax rate changes, as well as discrete items such as the settlement of foreign, federal and state tax issues and the effects of excess tax benefits associated with the exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation expense decreased tax expense by $2.0 million and $3.9 million, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, prior to the inclusion of the excess tax benefit and other discrete items, the effective income tax rate approximated 27% and 28%, respectively.
The Company’s unrecognized tax benefits were $4.0 million at March 31, 2022 and $3.9 million at December 31, 2021, inclusive of interest. The Company expects the unrecognized tax benefits to change over the next twelve months if certain tax matters settle with the applicable taxing jurisdiction during this time frame, or, if the applicable statute of limitations lapses. The impact of the amount of such changes to previously recorded uncertain tax positions could range from zero to $0.5 million.
The Company and its domestic subsidiaries are subject to U.S. federal income tax as well as tax in multiple state jurisdictions. U.S. federal income tax returns are typically subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and the statute of limitations for federal tax returns is three years. The Company’s filings for the tax years 2018 through 2020 are subject to audit based upon the federal statute of limitations.
State income tax returns are generally subject to examination for a period of three to four years after filing of the respective return. The state impact of any federal changes remains subject to examination by various states for a period of up to one year after formal notification to the states. As of March 31, 2022, there was one income tax audit in process and the tax years from 2017 to 2020 are subject to audit.
The Company is also subject to corporate income tax for its subsidiaries located in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, India, Ireland, and Puerto Rico. The tax returns for the Company’s subsidiaries located in foreign jurisdictions are subject to examination for periods ranging from one to five years.
16

9. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value measurements are classified using a three-level hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value into three levels and bases the categorization within the hierarchy upon the lowest level of input that is available and significant to the fair value measurement. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to observable inputs such as unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The Company uses observable inputs where relevant and whenever possible. The three levels of the hierarchy are defined as follows:
    Level 1 — Fair value is derived using quoted prices from active markets for identical instruments.
    Level 2 — Fair value is derived using quoted prices for similar instruments from active markets or for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; or, fair value is based on model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable from active markets.
    Level 3 — Fair value is derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.
The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, and accounts payable and accrued expenses approximates their fair value because of their short-term nature.
Financial instruments that potentially expose the Company to concentrations of credit risk consisted mainly of cash and accounts receivable. The Company mitigates its exposure by maintaining its cash in financial institutions of high credit standing. The Company’s accounts receivable are derived primarily from the services it provides, and the related credit risk is dispersed across many clients in various industries with no single client accounting for more than 10% of the Company's net revenue or accounts receivable. No significant credit concentration risk existed at March 31, 2022.
Long-term Debt — The Company’s long-term debt is recorded at adjusted cost, net of original issue discounts and deferred financing costs. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is based on current bid prices or prices for similar instruments from active markets, which approximates carrying value. As such, the Company’s long-term debt was classified as Level 2.
Derivative Financial Instruments The Company’s interest rate cap agreements are recorded at fair value and estimated using market-standard valuation models. Such models project future cash flows and discount the future amounts to a present value using market-based observable inputs. Additionally, the fair value of the interest rate caps included consideration of credit risk. The Company used a potential future exposure model to estimate this credit valuation adjustment (“CVA”). The inputs to the CVA were largely based on observable market data, with the exception of certain assumptions regarding credit worthiness. As the magnitude of the CVA was not a significant component of the fair value of the interest rate caps, it was not considered a significant input. The fair value of the interest rate caps are classified as Level 2. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements was $33.7 million and $8.8 million, respectively, which was recorded in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet.
Debt Securities — The Company’s investments in debt securities, which are classified as available-for-sale, consist of U.S. Treasury and U.S. government agency securities and certificates of deposit. These securities are held in escrow by the Company’s wholly-owned captive insurance company and were purchased with restricted cash. As such, these securities are not available to fund the Company’s operations. These securities are recorded at fair value using quoted prices available in active markets and are classified as Level 1. As of March 31, 2022, the fair value of the available-for-sale debt securities was $28.7 million and was classified based on the instruments’ maturity dates, with $23.4 million included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $5.3 million in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. As of December 31, 2021, the fair value of the available-for-sale debt securities was $29.9 million, with $22.7 million included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and $7.2 million in other assets on the consolidated balance sheet. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the amortized cost was $28.9 million and $30.0 million, respectively. The debt securities held at March 31, 2022 had remaining maturities ranging from less than one year to approximately 1.5 years. Unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, on available-for-sale debt securities were immaterial for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.
17

Liabilities for Contingent Consideration The Company is subject to contingent consideration arrangements in connection with certain business combinations. Liabilities for contingent consideration are measured at fair value each reporting period, with the acquisition-date fair value included as part of the consideration payable for the related business combination and subsequent changes in fair value recorded to selling, general and administrative expenses on the Company’s consolidated statement of income. The fair value of contingent consideration was generally calculated using customary valuation models based on probability-weighted outcomes of meeting certain future performance targets and forecasted results. The key inputs to the valuations are the projections of future financial results in relation to the businesses and the company-specific discount rates. The Company classified the contingent consideration liabilities as a Level 3 fair value measurement due to the lack of observable inputs used in the model. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, contingent consideration liabilities of $19.3 million were paid related to acquisitions completed in 2019 and 2021. The contingent consideration liabilities outstanding as of March 31, 2022 related to 2021 acquisitions. See Note 4, Acquisitions, for additional information.
The following table provides a roll forward of the recurring Level 3 fair value measurements:
Three months ended March 31, 2022
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1, 2022$27,474 
Settlement of contingent consideration liabilities(19,250)
Changes in fair value158 
Foreign currency translation(532)
Balance at March 31, 2022$7,850 
10. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), which is included as a component of stockholders’ equity, is comprised of foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains (losses) on cash flow hedges and investments, net of tax.
The changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component were as follows:
Three months ended March 31, 2022
Foreign currency
translation adjustments
(1)
Unrealized gain (loss) on
cash flow hedges
Unrealized gain (loss) on
investments
Total
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1, 2022$(38,073)$738 $(24)$(37,359)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications — net of tax(17,006)18,261 (113)1,142 
Less: amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) — net of tax (552)— (552)
Net other comprehensive income (loss)(17,006)18,813 (113)1,694 
Balance at March 31, 2022$(55,079)$19,551 $(137)$(35,665)
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Three months ended March 31, 2021
Foreign currency
translation adjustments
(1)
Unrealized gain (loss) on
cash flow hedges
Unrealized gain (loss) on
investments
Total
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1, 2021$(22,332)$(4,785)$48 $(27,069)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications — net of tax(127)717 (28)562 
Less: amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) — net of tax387 (1,063)— (676)
Net other comprehensive income (loss)(514)1,780 (28)1,238 
Balance at March 31, 2021$(22,846)$(3,005)$20 $(25,831)
(1)Taxes are not provided for the currency translation adjustments related to the undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries that are intended to be indefinitely reinvested.
11. SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company’s reportable segments are comprised of (1) full service center-based child care, (2) back-up care, and (3) educational advisory and other services. The full service center-based child care segment includes the traditional center-based early education and child care, preschool, and elementary education. The Company’s back-up care segment consists of center-based back-up child care, in-home care for children and adult/elder dependents, school-age camps, virtual tutoring, and self-sourced reimbursed care. The Company’s educational advisory and other services segment consists of tuition assistance and student loan repayment program administration, workforce education, related educational advising, college admissions advisory services, and an online marketplace for families and caregivers, which have been aggregated. The Company and its chief operating decision maker evaluate performance based on revenue and income from operations. Intercompany activity is eliminated in the segment results. The assets and liabilities of the Company are managed centrally and are reported internally in the same manner as the consolidated financial statements; therefore, no segment asset information is produced or included herein.
Revenue and income (loss) from operations by reportable segment were as follows:
Full service
center-based
child care
Back-up careEducational
advisory and
other services
Total
(In thousands)
Three months ended March 31, 2022
Revenue$353,932 $80,844 $25,633 $460,409 
Income from operations
7,161 20,458 3,545 31,164 
Three months ended March 31, 2021
Revenue$290,319 $76,355 $24,166 $390,840 
Income (loss) from operations(17,967)27,190 4,485 13,708 
12. SUBSEQUENT EVENT
On May 3, 2022, the Company, through wholly-owned subsidiaries, entered into a Share Sale Agreement with Nemo (BC) Cayman, LP to purchase and acquire 100% of the outstanding shares of Nemo (BC) HoldCo Pty Ltd., an Australian private company, which wholly-owns OAC Group Pty Ltd, and its subsidiaries, including Only About Children Pty Ltd., a child care operator in Australia, for aggregate consideration of AUD$450 million. AUD$300 million (USD$213 million) will be paid upon closing and an additional AUD$150 million (USD$106.5 million) will be paid eighteen months after closing as deferred purchase price. The purchase price is subject to customary adjustments for net debt and net working capital at closing, and is expected to be financed with cash on hand and amounts borrowed under the Company's existing revolving credit facility.
The acquisition is expected to close in the third quarter of calendar 2022, and is subject to certain conditions, including Australian foreign investment regulatory approval and consents of certain third parties. The Company has entered into a foreign exchange forward contract arrangement to mitigate the impact of any foreign currency fluctuations between signing and closing.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes statements that express our opinions, expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or projections regarding future events or future results and therefore are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”). The following cautionary statements are being made pursuant to the provisions of the Act and with the intention of obtaining the benefits of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Act. These forward-looking statements can generally be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, including the terms “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “seeks,” “projects,” “approximately,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or “anticipates,” or, in each case, their negatives or other variations or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements include all matters that are not historical facts. They appear in a number of places throughout this Quarterly Report and include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, the impact of COVID-19 and its variants on our near and long-term operations, the continued operation of currently open centers, timing to re-enroll and re-ramp centers as well as certain back-up care services and use types, enrollment recovery, occupancy improvement, our cost management and capital spending, labor costs and investments in employees, future labor rates and labor market for teachers and staff, impact of government mandates, vaccine adoption and availability, continued performance and contributions from our back-up care segment, access to and impact of government relief and support programs, leases, ability to respond to changing market conditions, our growth, our strategies, ability to regain and sustain business and strategic growth priorities, demand for services, our value proposition, client relations and partnerships, macroeconomic trends, investments in user experience and service delivery, the impact of accounting principles, pronouncements and policies, the likelihood and timing of the subsequent event acquisition and use of cash and debt, acquisitions and expected synergies, our fair value estimates, impairment losses, goodwill from business combinations, estimates and impact of equity transactions, unrecognized tax benefits and the impact of uncertain tax positions, our effective tax rate, the outcome of tax audits, settlements and tax liabilities, future impact of excess tax benefits, estimates and adjustments, amortization expense, the impact of foreign currency exchange rates, our credit risk, our share repurchase program, the outcome of litigation, legal proceedings and our insurance coverage, debt securities, our interest rate caps, interest rates and projections, interest expense, the use of derivatives or other market risk sensitive instruments, our indebtedness, borrowings under our senior secured credit facilities, the need for additional debt or equity financings and our ability to obtain such financing, our sources and uses of cash flow, our ability to fund operations, and make capital expenditures and payments with cash and cash equivalents and borrowings, and our ability to meet financial obligations and comply with covenants of our senior secured credit facilities.
By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. We believe that these risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, including with respect to the ongoing impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as other factors disclosed from time to time in our other filings with the SEC.
Although we base these forward-looking statements on assumptions that we believe are reasonable when made, we caution that forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report. In addition, even if our results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industry in which we operate, are consistent with the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report, those results or developments may not be indicative of results or developments in subsequent periods.
Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement that we make in this Quarterly Report speaks only as of the date of such statement, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements or to publicly announce the results of any revisions to any of those statements to reflect future events or developments, except as required by law.
Overview
The following is a discussion of the significant factors affecting the consolidated operating results, financial condition, liquidity and cash flows of Bright Horizons Family Solutions Inc. (“we” or the “Company”) for the three months ended March 31, 2022, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. This discussion should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.
20

We are a leading provider of high-quality education and care, including early education and child care, back-up and family care solutions, and workforce education services that are designed to help families, employers and their employees solve the challenges of the modern workforce and thrive personally and professionally. We provide services primarily under multi-year contracts with employers who offer early education and child care, back-up care, and educational advisory and other services as part of their employee benefits packages in an effort to support employees across life and career stages and to improve recruitment, employee engagement, productivity, retention and career advancement. As of March 31, 2022, we had more than 1,350 client relationships with employers across a diverse array of industries, including more than 200 Fortune 500 companies and more than 80 of Working Mother magazine’s 2021 “100 Best Companies.”
At March 31, 2022, we operated 1,019 early education and child care centers and had the capacity to serve approximately 114,500 children and their families in the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and India. At March 31, 2022, 989, or 97%, of our child care centers were open.
Our reportable segments are comprised of (1) full service center-based child care, (2) back-up care, and (3) educational advisory and other services. Full service center-based child care includes the traditional center-based early education and child care, preschool, and elementary education. Back-up care consists of center-based back-up child care, in-home care for children and adult/elder dependents, school-age camps, virtual tutoring, and self-sourced reimbursed care. Educational advisory and other services includes tuition assistance and student loan repayment program administration, workforce education, related educational advising, college admissions advisory services, and an online marketplace for families and caregivers.
Since March 2020, our global operations have been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures undertaken to prevent its spread. During the early stages of the pandemic, most of our child care centers were temporarily closed. We responded by quickly adapting to the changing environment and focusing on health and safety, supporting clients and their essential frontline workers and pivoting to expand back-up care solutions for clients and employees to meet the surge in need and demand. While nearly all of our centers have subsequently re-opened, we continue to be impacted by the ongoing effects of COVID-19, including the resurgence of infections and variants of the virus, which have impacted center enrollment, back-up care use and the speed of our recovery, and by the challenges of managing precautionary and preventative measures such as vaccination and masking mandates, virus exposures affecting our staff and families who attend our centers, and disrupted staff availability.
We will continue to monitor and respond to the changing conditions, challenges and disruptions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, and the changing needs of clients, families and children, while remaining focused on our strategic priorities to deliver high quality education and care services, connect across our service lines, extend our impact on new customers and clients, and preserve our strong culture. We have executed a number of strategic actions to strengthen our client partnerships and our employee value proposition to better position us as the service provider and employer of choice in our industry. As the early education industry continues to be impacted by a challenging labor market, we continue to invest in our employees and build on what makes us an employer of choice. We have expanded benefits, increased the child care tuition subsidy, enhanced our mental health and wellness resources, and continue to champion for early educators through our Horizons Teacher Degree Program, where our employees can earn an associate or bachelor's degree in early childhood education at no-cost.
It remains difficult to predict the full impact of the pandemic and eventual recovery, but we remain committed to families, clients and our employees. We remain confident in our value proposition, business model, the strength of our client partnerships, the strength of our balance sheet and liquidity position, and our ability to continue to respond to changing market conditions. Our ability to fully return to the operating income levels at which we operated prior to COVID-19, and to continue to increase operating income in the future will depend upon our ability to continue to regain and sustain the following characteristics of our business and our strategic growth priorities:
• maintenance and incremental growth of enrollment in our mature and ramping centers, and cost management in response to changes in enrollment in our centers,
• effective pricing strategies, including tuition increases that correlate with expected increases in personnel costs, including wages and benefits, and additional pricing actions to accommodate higher operating costs and the impact of persistent inflation,
• additional growth in expanded service offerings and cross-selling of services to clients,
• successful identification and integration of acquisitions and transitions of management of centers; and,
• successful management and improvement of underperforming centers.
21

Results of Operations
The following table sets forth statement of income data as a percentage of revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Three Months Ended March 31,
2022%2021%
(In thousands, except percentages)
Revenue$460,409 100.0 %$390,840 100.0 %
Cost of services350,350 76.1 %309,482 79.2 %
Gross profit110,059 23.9 %81,358 20.8 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses71,746 15.6 %60,110 15.4 %
Amortization of intangible assets7,149 1.5 %7,540 1.9 %
Income from operations31,164 6.8 %13,708 3.5 %
Interest expense — net(7,046)(1.6)%(9,016)(2.3)%
Income before income tax24,118 5.2 %4,692 1.2 %
Income tax benefit (expense)(4,712)(1.0)%2,440 0.6 %
Net income$19,406 4.2 %$7,132 1.8 %
Adjusted EBITDA (1)
$62,836 13.6 %$46,296 11.8 %
Adjusted income from operations (1)
$31,164 6.8 %$13,708 3.5 %
Adjusted net income (1)
$27,723 6.0 %$13,855 3.5 %
(1)Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted income from operations and adjusted net income are non-GAAP financial measures and are not determine