Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Saul Centers
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$54.12 23 $1,230
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-08-02 Quarter: 2016-08-02
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-03 Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-19 Officers
8-K 2019-02-26 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-03 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-26 Officers
8-K 2018-05-09 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-23 Officers
8-K 2018-03-09 Accountant, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-26 Enter Agreement, Leave Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-19 Enter Agreement, Shareholder Rights, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
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BFS 2019-03-31
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31 bfs-03312019xex31.htm
EX-32 bfs-03312019xex32.htm
EX-99.A bfs-03312019xex99a.htm

Saul Centers Earnings 2019-03-31

BFS 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 bfs-03312019x10q.htm 10-Q Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number 1-12254
 
SAUL CENTERS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
52-1833074
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
7501 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814
(Address of principal executive office) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (301) 986-6200
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirement for the past 90 days.    YES   x    NO  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). YES   x    NO   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
x
Accelerated filer
 
o
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
o
Smaller reporting company
 
o
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     YES  o    NO  x

-1-


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:
Common Stock, $0.01 par value
6.875% Series C Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value
6.125% Series D Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value
Name of exchange on which registered:
New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
Trading symbol:
BFS
BFS/PRC
BFS/PRD
Number of shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share outstanding as of April 30, 2019: 22.8 million.
 

-2-


SAUL CENTERS, INC.
Table of Contents
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

-2-


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.    Financial Statements


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Assets
 
 
 
Real estate investments
 
 
 
Land
$
488,942

 
$
488,918

Buildings and equipment
1,275,927

 
1,273,275

Construction in progress
216,545

 
185,972

 
1,981,414

 
1,948,165

Accumulated depreciation
(535,269
)
 
(525,518
)
 
1,446,145

 
1,422,647

Cash and cash equivalents
11,456

 
14,578

Accounts receivable and accrued income, net
51,603

 
53,876

Deferred leasing costs, net
26,967

 
28,083

Prepaid expenses, net
4,064

 
5,175

Other assets
5,593

 
3,130

Total assets
$
1,545,828

 
$
1,527,489

Liabilities
 
 
 
Notes payable
$
873,143

 
$
880,271

Revolving credit facility payable
38,465

 
45,329

Term loan facility payable
74,616

 
74,591

Construction loan payable
36,897

 
21,655

Dividends and distributions payable
19,224

 
19,153

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
47,671

 
32,419

Deferred income
25,481

 
28,851

Total liabilities
1,115,497

 
1,102,269

Equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock, 1,000,000 shares authorized:
 
 
 
Series C Cumulative Redeemable, 42,000 shares issued and outstanding
105,000

 
105,000

Series D Cumulative Redeemable, 30,000 shares issued and outstanding
75,000

 
75,000

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 40,000,000 shares authorized, 22,860,039 and 22,739,207 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
229

 
227

Additional paid-in capital
391,122

 
384,533

Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings
(210,207
)
 
(208,593
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(289
)
 
(255
)
Total Saul Centers, Inc. equity
360,855

 
355,912

Noncontrolling interest
69,476

 
69,308

Total equity
430,331

 
425,220

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,545,828

 
$
1,527,489

The Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

-3-

Saul Centers, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
 
 
Rental Revenue
$
56,803

 
$
54,990

Other
2,947

 
1,118

Total revenue
59,750

 
56,108

Expenses
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
8,001

 
7,123

Real estate taxes
7,148

 
6,845

Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred debt costs
11,067

 
11,424

Depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs
11,643

 
11,349

General and administrative
4,814

 
4,420

Total expenses
42,673

 
41,161

Net Income
17,077

 
14,947

Noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
Income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(3,630
)
 
(2,359
)
Net income attributable to Saul Centers, Inc.
13,447

 
12,588

Extinguishment of issuance costs upon redemption of preferred shares

 
(2,328
)
Preferred stock dividends
(2,953
)
 
(3,403
)
Net income available to common stockholders
$
10,494

 
$
6,857

Per share net income available to common stockholders
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
0.46

 
$
0.31

Dividends declared per common share outstanding
$
0.53

 
$
0.52

The Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

-4-

Saul Centers, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Net income
$
17,077

 
$
14,947

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
Change in unrealized loss on cash flow hedge
(46
)
 
389

Total comprehensive income
17,031

 
15,336

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(3,618
)
 
(2,459
)
Total comprehensive income attributable to Saul Centers, Inc.
13,413

 
12,877

Extinguishment of issuance costs upon redemption of preferred shares

 
(2,328
)
Preferred stock dividends
(2,953
)
 
(3,403
)
Total comprehensive income available to common stockholders
$
10,460

 
$
7,146

The Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

-5-

Saul Centers, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(Unaudited) 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
Preferred
Stock
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional Paid-in
Capital
 
Distributions in Excess of Accumulated Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
(Loss)
 
Total Saul
Centers, Inc.
 
Noncontrolling
Interest
 
Total
Balance, December 31, 2017
$
180,000

 
$
221

 
$
352,590

 
$
(197,710
)
 
$
(696
)
 
$
334,405

 
$
58,698

 
$
393,103

Issuance of 30,000 shares of Series D Cumulative preferred stock
75,000

 

 
(2,631
)
 

 

 
72,369

 

 
72,369

Redemption of 30,000 shares of Series C Cumulative preferred stock
(75,000
)
 

 
2,311

 
(2,328
)
 

 
(75,017
)
 

 
(75,017
)
Issuance of shares of common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
69,750 shares pursuant to dividend reinvestment plan

 
1

 
3,676

 

 

 
3,677

 

 
3,677

8,088 shares due to exercise of employee stock options and issuance of directors’ deferred shares

 

 
769

 

 

 
769

 

 
769

Issuance of 38,037 partnership units pursuant to dividend reinvestment plan

 

 

 

 

 

 
2,017

 
2,017

Net income

 

 

 
12,588

 

 
12,588

 
2,359

 
14,947

Change in unrealized loss on cash flow hedge

 

 

 

 
289

 
289

 
100

 
389

Series C preferred stock distributions

 

 

 
(730
)
 

 
(730
)
 

 
(730
)
Distributions payable on Series C preferred stock ($42.97/share)

 

 

 
(1,805
)
 

 
(1,805
)
 

 
(1,805
)
Distributions payable on Series D preferred stock ($28.92/share)

 

 

 
(868
)
 

 
(868
)
 

 
(868
)
Distributions payable common stock ($0.52/share) and distributions payable partnership units ($0.52/unit)

 

 

 
(11,552
)
 

 
(11,552
)
 
(3,942
)
 
(15,494
)
Balance, March 31, 2018
$
180,000

 
$
222

 
$
356,715

 
$
(202,405
)
 
$
(407
)
 
$
334,125

 
$
59,232

 
$
393,357

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2018
$
180,000

 
$
227

 
$
384,533

 
$
(208,593
)
 
$
(255
)
 
$
355,912

 
$
69,308

 
$
425,220

Issuance of common stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
120,347 shares pursuant to dividend reinvestment plan

 
1

 
6,170

 

 

 
6,171

 

 
6,171

485 shares due to exercise of employee stock options, director share grant and issuance of directors’ deferred shares

 
1

 
419

 

 

 
420

 

 
420

Issuance of 13,742 partnership units pursuant to dividend reinvestment plan

 

 

 

 

 

 
705

 
705

Net income

 

 

 
13,447

 

 
13,447

 
3,630

 
17,077

Change in unrealized loss on cash flow hedge

 

 

 

 
(34
)
 
(34
)
 
(12
)
 
(46
)
Distributions payable on Series C preferred stock ($42.97/share)

 

 

 
(1,805
)
 

 
(1,805
)
 

 
(1,805
)
Distributions payable on Series D preferred stock ($38.28/share)

 

 

 
(1,148
)
 

 
(1,148
)
 

 
(1,148
)
Distributions payable common stock ($0.53/share) and distributions payable partnership units ($0.53/unit)

 

 

 
(12,108
)
 

 
(12,108
)
 
(4,155
)
 
(16,263
)
Balance, March 31, 2019
$
180,000

 
$
229

 
$
391,122

 
$
(210,207
)
 
$
(289
)
 
$
360,855

 
$
69,476

 
$
430,331

The Notes to Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

-6-

Saul Centers, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
17,077

 
$
14,947

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs
11,643

 
11,349

Amortization of deferred debt costs
384

 
470

Compensation costs of stock grants and options
419

 
449

Credit losses on operating lease receivables
238

 
286

Increase in accounts receivable and accrued income
2,035

 
2,950

Additions to deferred leasing costs
(554
)
 
(1,046
)
Decrease in prepaid expenses
1,111

 
1,163

Increase in other assets
(2,500
)
 
(5,165
)
Increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
5,158

 
1,863

Decrease in deferred income
(3,370
)
 
(1,479
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
31,641

 
25,787

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisitions of real estate investments
(24
)
 

Additions to real estate investments
(2,874
)
 
(3,483
)
Additions to development and redevelopment projects
(20,525
)
 
(13,240
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(23,423
)
 
(16,723
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from notes payable
22,100

 

Repayments on notes payable
(29,030
)
 
(21,522
)
Proceeds from term loan facility

 
75,000

Proceeds from revolving credit facility
19,000

 
34,000

Repayments on revolving credit facility
(26,000
)
 
(80,000
)
Proceeds from construction loan
15,217

 

Additions to deferred debt costs
(397
)
 
(2,578
)
Proceeds from the issuance of:
 
 
 
Common stock
6,171

 
3,997

Partnership units
705

 
2,017

Series D preferred stock

 
72,369

Series C preferred stock redemption payment

 
(75,000
)
Preferred stock redemption costs

 
(13
)
Distributions to:
 
 
 
Series C preferred stockholders
(1,805
)
 
(3,823
)
Series D preferred stockholders
(1,148
)
 

Common stockholders
(12,005
)
 
(11,518
)
Noncontrolling interests
(4,148
)
 
(3,922
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
(11,340
)
 
(10,993
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(3,122
)
 
(1,929
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
14,578

 
10,908

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
11,456

 
$
8,979

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
10,647

 
$
11,228

Increase in accrued real estate investments and development costs
$
10,048

 
$
1,438



-7-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


 
1.
Organization, Formation and Structure
Saul Centers, Inc. (“Saul Centers”) was incorporated under the Maryland General Corporation Law on June 10, 1993, and operates as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). The Company is required to annually distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (excluding net capital gains) to its stockholders and meet certain organizational and other requirements. Saul Centers has made and intends to continue to make regular quarterly distributions to its stockholders. Saul Centers, together with its wholly-owned subsidiaries and the limited partnerships of which Saul Centers or one of its subsidiaries is the sole general partner, are referred to collectively as the “Company.” B. Francis Saul II serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of Saul Centers.
Saul Centers was formed to continue and expand the shopping center business previously owned and conducted by the B. F. Saul Real Estate Investment Trust (the “Trust”), the B. F. Saul Company and certain other affiliated entities, each of which is controlled by B. Francis Saul II and his family members (collectively, the “Saul Organization”). On August 26, 1993, members of the Saul Organization transferred to Saul Holdings Limited Partnership, a newly formed Maryland limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), and two newly formed subsidiary limited partnerships (the “Subsidiary Partnerships,” and, collectively with the Operating Partnership, the “Partnerships”), shopping center and mixed-use properties and the management functions related to the transferred properties. Since its formation, the Company has developed and purchased additional properties.
The following table lists the significant properties acquired and in development since December 31, 2017.
Name of Property
Location
 
Type
 
Year of Acquisition/ Development/Disposition
Acquisitions
 
 
 
 
 
7316 Wisconsin Avenue
Bethesda, MD
 
Mixed-Use
 
2018
Developments
 
 
 
 
 
750 N. Glebe Road
Arlington, VA
 
Mixed-Use
 
2017 - 2019
Ashbrook Marketplace
Ashburn, VA
 
Shopping Center
 
2018
As of March 31, 2019, the Company’s properties (the “Current Portfolio Properties”) consisted of 49 shopping center properties (the “Shopping Centers”), seven mixed-use properties, which are comprised of office, retail and multi-family residential uses (the “Mixed-Use Properties”) and four (non-operating) development properties.
 
2.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Operations
The Company, which conducts all of its activities through its subsidiaries, the Operating Partnership and Subsidiary Partnerships, engages in the ownership, operation, management, leasing, acquisition, renovation, expansion, development and financing of community and neighborhood shopping centers and mixed-use properties, primarily in the Washington, DC/Baltimore metropolitan area.
Because the properties are located primarily in the Washington, DC/Baltimore metropolitan area, the Company is subject to a concentration of credit risk related to these properties. A majority of the Shopping Centers are anchored by one or more major tenants. As of March 31, 2019, 32 of the Shopping Centers were anchored by a grocery store and offer primarily day-to-day necessities and services. One tenant individually accounted for 2.5% or more of the Company’s total revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Giant Food, a tenant at ten Shopping Centers individually accounted for 4.6% of the Company's total revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

-8-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Saul Centers and its subsidiaries, including the Operating Partnership and Subsidiary Partnerships, which are majority owned by Saul Centers. Substantially all assets and liabilities of the Company as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, are comprised of the assets and liabilities of the Operating Partnership. The debt arrangements which are subject to recourse are described in Note 5. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Operating Partnership is a variable interest entity ("VIE") because the limited partners do not have substantive kick-out or participating rights. The Company is the primary beneficiary of the Operating Partnership because it has the power to direct its activities and the rights to absorb 74.4% of its net income. Because the Operating Partnership was previously consolidated into the financial statements of the Company, classification of it as a VIE had no impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Company.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations of Saul Centers, Inc. for the interim periods have been included. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. These consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of Saul Centers, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2018, which are included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the year.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Accounts Receivable, Accrued Income and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Accounts receivable primarily represent amounts currently due from tenants in accordance with the terms of their respective leases. Lease related receivables are reduced for credit losses. Such losses are recognized as a reduction of rental revenue in the consolidated statements of operations.
In addition to rents due currently, accounts receivable includes approximately $43.2 million and $43.3 million, at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, net of allowance for doubtful accounts totaling $30,800 and $58,500, respectively, representing minimum rental income accrued on a straight-line basis to be paid by tenants over the remaining term of their respective leases.
Assets Held for Sale
The Company considers properties to be assets held for sale when all of the following criteria are met:
management commits to a plan to sell a property;
it is unlikely that the disposal plan will be significantly modified or discontinued;
the property is available for immediate sale in its present condition;
actions required to complete the sale of the property have been initiated;
sale of the property is probable and the Company expects the completed sale will occur within one year; and
the property is actively being marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable given its current market value.

-9-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The Company must make a determination as to the point in time that it is probable that a sale will be consummated, which generally occurs when an executed sales contract has no contingencies and the prospective buyer has significant funds at risk to ensure performance. Upon designation as an asset held for sale, the Company records the carrying value of each property at the lower of its carrying value or its estimated fair value, less estimated costs to sell, and ceases depreciation. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had no assets designated as held-for-sale.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include short-term investments. Short-term investments include money market accounts and other investments which generally mature within three months, measured from the acquisition date, and/or are readily convertible to cash.
Construction In Progress
Construction in progress includes land, preconstruction and development costs of active projects. Preconstruction costs include legal, zoning and permitting costs and other project carrying costs incurred prior to the commencement of construction. Development costs include direct construction costs and indirect costs incurred subsequent to the start of construction such as architectural, engineering, construction management and carrying costs consisting of interest, real estate taxes and insurance. Construction in progress as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, is composed of the following:
(in thousands)
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Glebe Road
 
$
189,211

 
$
162,176

Ashbrook Marketplace
 
13,068

 
11,124

Other
 
14,266

 
12,672

Total
 
$
216,545

 
$
185,972

Deferred Debt Costs
Deferred debt costs consist of fees and costs incurred to obtain long-term financing, construction financing and the credit facility. These fees and costs are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the terms of the respective loans or agreements, which approximates the effective interest method. Deferred debt costs totaled $10.4 million and $10.3 million, net of accumulated amortization of $7.0 million and $7.3 million, at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and are reflected as a reduction of the related debt in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Deferred Income
Deferred income consists of payments received from tenants prior to the time they are earned and recognized by the Company as revenue, including tenant prepayment of rent for future periods, real estate taxes when the taxing jurisdiction has a fiscal year differing from the calendar year, reimbursements specified in the lease agreement and tenant construction work provided by the Company. In addition, deferred income includes the fair value of certain below market leases.
Deferred Leasing Costs
Deferred leasing costs consist of commissions paid to third-party leasing agents, internal costs such as employee compensation and payroll-related fringe benefits directly related to time spent performing leasing-related activities for successful commercial leases, amounts attributed to in-place leases associated with acquired properties and lease inducement costs. Leasing related activities include evaluating the prospective tenant’s financial condition, evaluating and recording guarantees, collateral and other security arrangements, negotiating lease terms, preparing lease documents and closing the transaction. Effective with the adoption of ASU 2016-02 (defined below) on January 1, 2019, all costs incurred prior to the execution of a lease are charged to expense and not capitalized. Unamortized deferred leasing costs are charged to expense if the applicable lease is terminated prior to expiration of the initial lease term. Deferred leasing costs are amortized over the term of the lease or remaining term of acquired leases. Collectively, deferred leasing costs totaled $27.0 million and $28.1 million, net of accumulated amortization of $38.6 million and $37.7 million, as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. Amortization expense, included in depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs in the consolidated statements of operations, totaled $1.6 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

-10-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company may, when appropriate, employ derivative instruments, such as interest-rate swaps, to mitigate the risk of interest rate fluctuations. The Company does not enter into derivative or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Derivative financial instruments are carried at fair value as either assets or liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. For those derivative instruments that qualify and are designated as hedging instruments, the Company designates the hedging instrument, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a fair value hedge or a cash flow hedge. For those derivative instruments that qualify and are designated as hedging instruments, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the hedge instruments is reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and recognized in earnings within the same line item associated with the forecasted transaction in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Any ineffective portion of the change in fair value of a derivative instrument is immediately recognized in earnings. For derivative instruments that do not qualify, or that qualify and are not designated, as hedging instruments, changes in fair value are immediately recognized in earnings.
Derivative financial instruments expose us to credit risk in the event of non-performance by the counterparties under the terms of the derivative instrument. The Company minimizes its credit risk on these transactions by dealing with major, creditworthy financial institutions as determined by management, and therefore, it believes that the likelihood of realizing losses from counterparty non-performance is remote.
Income Taxes
The Company made an election to be treated, and intends to continue operating so as to qualify, as a REIT under the Code, commencing with its taxable year ended December 31, 1993. A REIT generally will not be subject to federal income taxation, provided that distributions to its stockholders equal or exceed its REIT taxable income and it complies with certain other requirements. Therefore, no provision has been made for federal income taxes in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.
Legal Contingencies
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business, which are generally covered by insurance. While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company believes the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations. Upon determination that a loss is probable to occur and can be reasonably estimated, the estimated amount of the loss is recorded in the financial statements. Both the amount of the loss and the point at which its occurrence is considered probable can be difficult to determine.
Postemployment Benefits
From time to time, the Company may enter into an arrangement with an employee at the time of the employee’s separation from service whereby the employee will receive certain payments in exchange for certain releases, covenants not to compete, or other promises. If no future services are required in order for the employee to receive the payments, the Company estimates the amount of payments to be made over the life of the arrangement and records that amount as an expense as of the date of the arrangement with a corresponding liability representing the amount to be paid in the future.
Predevelopment Expenses
Predevelopment expenses represent certain costs incurred by the Company in connection with active development and redevelopment projects and include, for example, costs related to the early termination of tenant leases and demolition of existing structures.
Real Estate Investment Properties
The Company purchases real estate investment properties from time to time and records assets acquired and liabilities assumed, including land, buildings, and intangibles related to in-place leases and customer relationships, based on their relative fair values. The fair value of buildings generally is determined as if the buildings were vacant upon acquisition and subsequently leased at market rental rates and considers the present value of all cash flows expected to be generated by the property including an initial lease up period. From time to time the Company may purchase a property for future development purposes. The Company determines the fair value of above and below market intangibles associated with in-place leases by assessing the net effective rent and remaining term of the lease relative to market terms for similar leases at acquisition taking into consideration the remaining contractual lease period, renewal periods, and the likelihood of the tenant exercising its

-11-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


renewal options. The fair value of below market lease intangibles is recorded as deferred income and accreted as additional revenue over the remaining contractual lease period and any renewal option periods included in the valuation analysis. The fair value of above market lease intangibles is recorded as a deferred asset and amortized as a reduction of revenue over the remaining contractual lease term. The Company determines the fair value of at-market in-place leases considering the cost of acquiring similar leases, the foregone rents associated with the lease-up period and carrying costs associated with the lease-up period. Intangible assets associated with at-market in-place leases are amortized as additional expense over the remaining contractual lease term. To the extent customer relationship intangibles are present in an acquisition, the fair values of the intangibles are amortized over the lives of the customer relationships. The Company has never recorded a customer relationship intangible asset.
If there is an event or change in circumstance that indicates a potential impairment in the value of a real estate investment property, the Company prepares an analysis to determine whether the carrying value of the real estate investment property exceeds its estimated fair value. The Company considers both quantitative and qualitative factors including recurring operating losses, significant decreases in occupancy, and significant adverse changes in legal factors and business climate. If impairment indicators are present, the Company compares the projected cash flows of the property over its remaining useful life, on an undiscounted basis, to the carrying value of that property. The Company assesses its undiscounted projected cash flows based upon estimated capitalization rates, historic operating results and market conditions that may affect the property. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted projected cash flows, the Company would recognize an impairment loss equivalent to an amount required to adjust the carrying amount to its then estimated fair value. The value of any property is sensitive to the actual results of any of the aforementioned estimated factors, either individually or taken as a whole. Should the actual results differ from management’s projections, the valuation could be negatively or positively affected. The Company did not recognize an impairment loss on any of its real estate during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
When incurred, the Company capitalizes the cost of improvements that extend the useful life of property and equipment. All repair and maintenance expenditures are expensed when incurred. Leasehold improvements expenditures are capitalized when certain criteria are met, including when we supervise construction and will own the improvement. Tenant improvements that we own are depreciated over the life of the respective lease or the estimated useful life of the improvements, whichever is shorter.
Interest, real estate taxes, development-related salary costs and other carrying costs are capitalized on projects under development and construction. Upon substantial completion of construction and the placement of the assets into service, rental income, real estate tax expense, property operating expenses (consisting of payroll, repairs and maintenance, utilities, insurance and other property related expenses) and depreciation are included in current operations and capitalization of interest ceases. Property operating expenses are charged to operations as incurred. Interest capitalized totaled $2.1 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Commercial development projects are considered substantially complete and available for occupancy upon completion of tenant improvements, but no later than one year from the cessation of major construction activity. Multi-family residential development projects are considered substantially complete and available for occupancy upon receipt of the certificate of occupancy from the appropriate licensing authority. Substantially completed portions of a project are accounted for as separate projects.
Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method and estimated useful lives of generally between 35 and 50 years for base buildings, or a shorter period if management determines that the building has a shorter useful life, and up to 20 years for certain other improvements that extend the useful lives. Leasehold improvement expenditures are capitalized when certain criteria are met, including when the Company supervises construction and will own the improvements. Tenant improvements are amortized, over the shorter of the lives of the related leases or the useful life of the improvements, using the straight-line method. Depreciation expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations totaled $10.0 million and $9.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Repairs and maintenance expense totaled $3.7 million and $3.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and is included in property operating expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Revenue Recognition
Rental and interest income are accrued as earned. Recognition of rental income commences when control of the space has been given to the tenant. When rental payments due under leases vary from a straight-line basis because of free rent periods or scheduled rent increases, income is recognized on a straight-line basis. Expense recoveries represent a portion of property operating expenses billed to tenants, including common area maintenance, real estate taxes and other recoverable costs, and are recognized in the period in which the expenses are incurred. Rental income based on a tenant’s revenue (“percentage rent”) is accrued when a tenant reports sales that exceed a breakpoint specified in the lease agreement.

-12-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Stock-based Employee Compensation, Stock Plan and Deferred Compensation Plan for Directors
The Company uses the fair value method to value and account for employee stock options. The fair value of options granted is determined at the time of each award using the Black-Scholes model, a widely used method for valuing stock-based employee compensation, and the following assumptions: (1) Expected Volatility determined using the most recent trading history of the Company’s common stock (month-end closing prices) corresponding to the average expected term of the options; (2) Average Expected Term of the options is based on prior exercise history, scheduled vesting and the expiration date; (3) Expected Dividend Yield determined by management after considering the Company’s current and historic dividend yield rates, the Company’s yield in relation to other retail REITs and the Company’s market yield at the grant date; and (4) a Risk-free Interest Rate based upon the market yields of US Treasury obligations with maturities corresponding to the average expected term of the options at the grant date. The Company amortizes the value of options granted ratably over the vesting period and includes the amounts as compensation expense in general and administrative expenses.
The Company has a stock plan, which was originally approved in 2004, amended in 2008 and 2013 and which expires in 2023, for the purpose of attracting and retaining executive officers, directors and other key personnel (the “Stock Plan”). Pursuant to the Stock Plan, the Compensation Committee established a Deferred Compensation Plan for Directors for the benefit of its directors and their beneficiaries, which replaced a previous Deferred Compensation and Stock Plan for Directors. A director may make an annual election to defer all or part of his or her director’s fees and has the option to have the fees paid in cash, in shares of common stock or in a combination of cash and shares of common stock upon separation from the Board. If the director elects to have fees paid in stock, fees earned during a calendar quarter are aggregated and divided by the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the first trading day of the following quarter to determine the number of shares to be credited to the director. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, 1,617 shares were credited to director's deferred fee accounts and 6,565 shares were issued. As of March 31, 2019, the director's deferred fee accounts comprise 109,696 shares.
The Compensation Committee has also approved an annual award of shares of the Company’s common stock as additional compensation to each director serving on the Board of Directors as of the record date for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders. The shares are awarded as of each Annual Meeting of Stockholders, and their issuance may not be deferred.
Noncontrolling Interests
Saul Centers is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, owning a 74.4% common interest as of March 31, 2019. Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership is comprised of limited partnership units owned by the Saul Organization. Noncontrolling interests reflected on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets is increased for earnings attributable to limited partnership interests and distributions reinvested in additional units, and is decreased for limited partner distributions. Noncontrolling interests reflected on the consolidated statements of operations represents earnings attributable to limited partnership interests.
Per Share Data
Per share data for net income (basic and diluted) is computed using weighted average shares of common stock. Convertible limited partnership units and employee stock options are the Company’s potentially dilutive securities. For all periods presented, the convertible limited partnership units are non-dilutive. The following table sets forth, for the indicated periods, weighted averages of the number of common shares outstanding, basic and dilutive, the effect of dilutive options and the number of options which are not dilutive because the average price of the Company's common stock was less than the exercise prices. The treasury stock method was used to measure the effect of the dilution.
 
Three months ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
Weighted average common stock outstanding-Basic
22,820

 
22,178

Effect of dilutive options
43

 
40

Weighted average common stock outstanding-Diluted
22,863

 
22,218

Non-dilutive options
438

 
446

Years non-dilutive options were issued
2016 and 2017
 
2016 and 2017



-13-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (‘‘FASB’’) issued Accounting Standards Update (‘‘ASU’’) 2016-02, ‘‘Leases’’ (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets and making targeted changes to lessor accounting. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, interim periods within those years, and requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all leases existing at the date of initial application, with an option to use certain practical expedients for those existing leases. Upon adoption of ASU 2016-02 effective January 1, 2019, we elected the practical expedient for all leases with respect to lease identification, lease classification, and initial direct costs. We made a policy election not to separate lease and nonlease components and have accounted for each lease component and the related nonlease components together as a single component. There have been no significant changes to our lessor accounting for operating leases as a result of ASU 2016-02.
We lease shopping centers and mixed-use properties to lessees in exchange for monthly payments that cover rent, and where applicable, reimbursement for property taxes, insurance and certain property operating expenses. Our leases were determined to be operating leases and generally range in term from one to 15 years.
Some of our leases have termination options and/or extension options. Termination options allow the lessee to terminate the lease prior to the end of the lease term, provided certain conditions are met. Termination options generally require advance notification from the lessee and payment of a termination fee. Termination fees are recognized as revenue over the modified lease term. Extension options are subject to terms and conditions stated in the lease.
On January 1, 2019, a right of use asset and corresponding lease liability related to our headquarters lease were recorded in other assets and other liabilities, respectively. The lease expires on February 28, 2022, with one option to renew for an additional five years. The right of use asset and corresponding lease liability totaled $2.1 million and $2.2 million, respectively, at March 31, 2019.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, "Financial Instruments-Credit Losses" ("ASU 2016-13"). ASU 2016-13 replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of information to support credit loss estimates. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those years. We are evaluating the impact that ASU 2016-13 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. 
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, “Derivatives and Hedging” (“ASU 2017-12”). ASU 2017-12 amends financial reporting for hedging activities to better align that reporting with risk management activities. ASU 2017-12 expands and refines hedge accounting for both financial and nonfinancial risk components and aligns the recognition and presentation of the effects of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the financial statements. Effective with the adoption of ASU 2017-12 on January 1, 2019, changes in the fair value of the Company’s interest rate swap related to changes in the cash flow of the hedged item are reported as a component of interest expense and amortization of deferred debt costs in the Statements of Operations.
Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform to the presentation used for the three months ended March 31, 2019.


3.
Real Estate Transactions

Acquisitions
Ashbrook Marketplace
In May 2018, the Company acquired from the Trust, in exchange for 176,680 limited partnership units, approximately 13.7 acres of land located at the intersection of Ashburn Village Boulevard and Russell Branch Parkway in Loudoun County, Virginia. Based on the closing price of the Company's common stock, the land and the limited partnership units were recorded at a value of $8.8 million. Acquisition costs related to the transaction totaled approximately $0.2 million.
7316 Wisconsin Avenue
In September 2018, the Company purchased for $35.5 million, plus $0.7 million of acquisition costs, an office building and the underlying ground located at 7316 Wisconsin Avenue in Bethesda, Maryland. In December 2018, the Company

-14-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


purchased for $4.5 million, including acquisition costs, an interest in an adjacent parcel of land and retail building. The purchase price was funded through the Company's revolving credit facility.
Allocation of Purchase Price of Real Estate Acquired
The Company allocates the purchase price of real estate investment properties to various components, such as land, buildings and intangibles related to in-place leases and customer relationships, based on their relative fair values or fair values. See Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies-Real Estate Investment Properties.
During 2018, the Company acquired properties that had an aggregate cost of $49.5 million, including acquisition costs. The purchase price was allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their relative fair values as shown in the following table.
(in thousands)
Ashbrook Marketplace
 
7316 Wisconsin Avenue
 
Total
Land
$
8,776

 
$
38,686

 
$
47,462

Buildings

 
979

 
979

In-place Leases

 
886

 
886

Above Market Rent

 
168

 
168

Below Market Rent

 
(21
)
 
(21
)
Total Purchase Price
$
8,776

 
$
40,698

 
$
49,474

 
 
 
 
 
 


4.
Noncontrolling Interests - Holders of Convertible Limited Partnership Units in the Operating Partnership
As of March 31, 2019, the Saul Organization holds a 25.6% limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership represented by approximately 7.8 million convertible limited partnership units. These units are convertible into shares of Saul Centers’ common stock, at the option of the unit holder, on a one-for-one basis provided that, in accordance with the Company's Articles of Incorporation, the rights may not be exercised at any time that the Saul Organization beneficially owns, directly or indirectly, in the aggregate more than 39.9% of the value of the outstanding common stock and preferred stock of Saul Centers (the “Equity Securities”). As of March 31, 2019, approximately 900,000 units were convertible into shares of Saul Centers common stock.
The impact of the Saul Organization’s approximately 25.6% limited partnership interest in the Operating Partnership is reflected as Noncontrolling Interests in the accompanying consolidated financial statements. Fully converted partnership units and diluted weighted average common stock outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, were approximately 30.7 million and 29.8 million, respectively.

5.
Notes Payable, Revolving Credit Facility, Interest and Amortization of Deferred Debt Costs
The principal amount of the Company’s outstanding debt totaled approximately $1.0 billion at March 31, 2019, of which approximately $918.5 million was fixed-rate debt and approximately $115.0 million was variable rate debt, including
$40.0 million outstanding under an unsecured revolving credit facility and $75.0 million outstanding under a term loan credit facility. The carrying value of the properties collateralizing the notes payable totaled approximately $1.1 billion as of March 31, 2019.
At March 31, 2019, the Company had a $400.0 million credit facility comprised of a $325.0 million revolving facility and a $75.0 million term loan. As of March 31, 2019, the applicable spread for borrowings is 135 basis points under the revolving credit facility and 130 basis points under the term loan. Saul Centers and certain consolidated subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership have guaranteed the payment obligations of the Operating Partnership under the credit facility. Letters of credit may be issued under the revolving credit facility. As of March 31, 2019, based on the value of the Company’s unencumbered properties, approximately $230.5 million was available under the revolving credit facility, $40.0 million was outstanding and approximately $185,000 was committed for letters of credit.
On January 4, 2019, the Company repaid in full the remaining balance of the mortgage loan secured by Countryside Marketplace, which was scheduled to mature in July 2019.

-15-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


On January 10, 2019, the Company closed on a 15-year, non-recourse $22.1 million mortgage loan secured by Olde Forte Village. The loan matures in 2034, bears interest at a fixed-rate of 4.65%, requires monthly principal and interest payments of $124,700 based on a 25-year amortization schedule and requires a final payment of $12.1 million. Proceeds were partially used to repay in full the existing mortgage secured by Olde Forte Village, which was scheduled to mature in May 2019.
Saul Centers is a guarantor of the credit facility, of which the Operating Partnership is the borrower. The Operating Partnership is the guarantor of (a) a portion of the Park Van Ness loan (approximately $10.0 million of the $69.3 million outstanding balance at March 31, 2019, which guarantee will be reduced to (i) $6.7 million on October 1, 2019, (ii) $3.3 million on October 1, 2020 and (iii) zero on October 1, 2021), (b) a portion of the Kentlands Square II mortgage loan (approximately $8.7 million of the $34.9 million outstanding balance at March 31, 2019), and (c) a portion of the Broadlands Village mortgage (approximately $4.0 million of the $31.8 million outstanding balance at March 31, 2019). All other notes payable are non-recourse.
At December 31, 2018, the principal amount of the Company’s outstanding debt totaled approximately $1.0 billion, of which $910.2 million was fixed rate debt and $122.0 million was variable rate debt, including $47.0 million outstanding under an unsecured revolving credit facility. The carrying value of the properties collateralizing the notes payable totaled approximately $1.1 billion as of December 31, 2018.
At March 31, 2019, the scheduled maturities of debt, including scheduled principal amortization, for years ending December 31, were as follows:
(In thousands)
Balloon
Payments
 
Scheduled
Principal
Amortization
 
Total
April 1 through December 31, 2019
$
12,060

 
$
22,312

 
$
34,372

2020
61,163

 
28,538

 
89,701

2021
11,012

 
28,335

 
39,347

2022
76,502

(a)
28,925

 
105,427

2023
84,225

 
29,316

 
113,541

2024
66,637

 
27,882

 
94,519

Thereafter
440,667

 
115,901

 
556,568

Principal amount
$
752,266

 
$
281,209

 
1,033,475

Unamortized deferred debt costs
 
 
 
 
10,354

Net
 
 
 
 
$
1,023,121

(a) Includes $40.0 million outstanding under the revolving credit facility.
Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred debt costs for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
Interest incurred
$
12,881

 
$
12,200

Amortization of deferred debt costs
384

 
470

Capitalized interest
(2,146
)
 
(1,144
)
Interest expense
11,119

 
11,526

Less: Interest income
52

 
102

Interest expense, net
$
11,067

 
$
11,424

 

-16-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


6.
Equity
The consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, reflect noncontrolling interests of $3.6 million and $2.4 million, respectively, representing income attributable to the Saul Organization for each period.
At March 31, 2019, the Company had outstanding 3.0 million depositary shares, each representing 1/100th of a share of 6.125% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (the "Series D Stock"). The depositary shares may be redeemed at the Company’s option, in whole or in part, on or after January 23, 2023, at the $25.00 liquidation preference, plus accrued but unpaid dividends to but not including the redemption date. The depositary shares pay an annual dividend of $1.53125 per share, equivalent to 6.125% of the $25.00 liquidation preference. The Series D Stock has no stated maturity, is not subject to any sinking fund or mandatory redemption and is not convertible into any other securities of the Company except in connection with certain changes in control or delisting events. Investors in the depositary shares generally have no voting rights, but will have limited voting rights if the Company fails to pay dividends for six or more quarters (whether or not declared or consecutive) and in certain other events.
At March 31, 2019, the Company had outstanding 4.2 million depositary shares, each representing 1/100th of a share of 6.875% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (the “Series C Stock”). The depositary shares are redeemable at the Company’s option, in whole or in part, at the $25.00 liquidation preference plus accrued but unpaid dividends. The depositary shares pay an annual dividend of $1.71875 per share, equivalent to 6.875% of the $25.00 liquidation preference. The Series C Stock has no stated maturity, is not subject to any sinking fund or mandatory redemption and is not convertible into any other securities of the Company except in connection with certain changes of control or delisting events. Investors in the depositary shares generally have no voting rights, but will have limited voting rights if the Company fails to pay dividends for six or more quarters (whether or not declared or consecutive) and in certain other events.

7.
Related Party Transactions
The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Executive Vice President-Chief Legal and Administrative Officer and the Senior Vice President-Chief Accounting Officer of the Company are also officers of various members of the Saul Organization and their management time is shared with the Saul Organization. Their annual compensation is fixed by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors, with the exception of the Senior Vice President-Chief Accounting Officer whose share of annual compensation allocated to the Company is determined by the shared services agreement (described below).
The Company participates in a multiemployer 401K plan with entities in the Saul Organization which covers those full-time employees who meet the requirements as specified in the plan. Company contributions, which are included in general and administrative expense or property operating expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, at the discretionary amount of up to six percent of the employee’s cash compensation, subject to certain limits, were $96,500 and $90,700 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. All amounts contributed by employees and the Company are fully vested.
The Company also participates in a multiemployer nonqualified deferred compensation plan with entities in the Saul Organization which covers those full-time employees who meet the requirements as specified in the plan. According to the plan, which can be modified or discontinued at any time, participating employees defer 2% of their compensation in excess of a specified amount. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company credited to employee accounts $56,500 and $46,900, respectively, which is the sum of accrued earnings and three times the amount deferred by employees and is included in general and administrative expense. All amounts contributed by employees and credited by the Company are fully vested. The cumulative unfunded liability under this plan was $2.8 million and $2.7 million, at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and is included in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The Company has entered into a shared services agreement (the “Agreement”) with the Saul Organization that provides for the sharing of certain personnel and ancillary functions such as computer hardware, software, and support services and certain direct and indirect administrative personnel. The method for determining the cost of the shared services is provided for in the Agreement and is based upon head count, estimates of usage or estimates of time incurred, as applicable. The terms of the Agreement and the payments made thereunder are deemed reasonable by management and are reviewed annually by the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors, which consists entirely of independent directors. Billings by the Saul Organization for the Company’s share of these ancillary costs and expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, which included rental expense for the Company’s headquarters lease, totaled approximately $2.2 million and $2.0 million, net,

-17-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


respectively. The amounts are generally expensed as incurred and are primarily reported as general and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities included approximately $754,400 and $933,400, respectively, representing amounts due to the Saul Organization for the Company’s share of these ancillary costs and expenses.
The Company has entered into a shared third-party predevelopment cost agreement (the “Predevelopment Agreement”) with the Trust. The Predevelopment Agreement relates to the sharing of third-party predevelopment costs incurred in connection with the planning of the future redevelopment of certain adjacent real estate assets in the Twinbrook area of Rockville, Maryland. The costs will be shared on a pro rata basis based on the acreage owned by each entity and neither party is obligated to advance funds to the other.
In August 2016, the Company entered into an agreement to acquire from the Trust approximately 13.7 acres of land located at the intersection of Ashburn Village Boulevard and Russell Branch Parkway in Ashburn, Virginia. The transaction closed on May 9, 2018, and the Company issued 176,680 limited partnership units to the Trust. The Company intends to construct a shopping center and, upon stabilization, may be obligated to issue additional limited partnership units to the Trust.
The Company subleases its corporate headquarters space from a member of the Saul Organization. The lease commenced in March 2002, expires in 2022, and provides for base rent increases of 3% per year, with payment of a pro-rata share of operating expenses over a base year amount. The Agreement requires each party to pay an allocation of total rental payments based on a percentage proportionate to the number of employees employed by each party. The Company’s rent expense for its headquarters location was $193,900 and $195,100 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and is included in general and administrative expense.
The B. F. Saul Insurance Agency, Inc., a subsidiary of the B. F. Saul Company and a member of the Saul Organization, is a general insurance agency that receives commissions and fees in connection with the Company’s insurance program. Such commissions and fees amounted to $73,400 and $84,100 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

8.
Stock Option Plans
In 2004, the Company has established a stock incentive plan (the "Plan"), as amended. Under the Plan, options were granted at an exercise price not less than the market value of the common stock on the date of grant and expire ten years from the date of grant. Officer options vest ratably over four years following the grant and are charged to expense using the straight-line method over the vesting period. Director options vest immediately and are charged to expense as of the date of grant. 
The following table summarizes the amount and activity of each grant with outstanding unexercised options, the total value and variables used in the computation and the amount expensed and included in general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

-18-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


 
  
Directors
 
 
Grant date
4/24/2009
5/7/2010
5/13/2011
5/4/2012
5/10/2013
5/9/2014
5/8/2015
5/6/2016
5/5/2017
5/11/2018
Subtotals
Total grant
32,500

32,500

32,500

35,000

35,000

30,000

35,000

32,500

27,500

27,500

320,000

Vested
32,500

32,500

32,500

35,000

35,000

30,000

35,000

32,500

27,500

27,500

320,000

Exercised
30,000

27,500

25,000

25,000

22,500

17,500

12,500

7,500


2,500

170,000

Forfeited

2,500

2,500




2,500

2,500

5,000


15,000

Exercisable at March 31, 2019
2,500

2,500

5,000

10,000

12,500

12,500

20,000

22,500

22,500

25,000

135,000

Remaining unexercised
2,500

2,500

5,000

10,000

12,500

12,500

20,000

22,500

22,500

25,000

135,000

Exercise price
$
32.68

$
38.76

$
41.82

$
39.29

$
44.42

$
47.03

$
51.07

$
57.74

$
59.41

$
49.46


Volatility
0.344

0.369

0.358

0.348

0.333

0.173

0.166

0.166

0.173

0.192


Expected life (years)
6.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0


Assumed yield
4.54
%
4.23
%
4.16
%
4.61
%
4.53
%
4.48
%
4.54
%
3.75
%
3.45
%
3.70
%

Risk-free rate
2.19
%
2.17
%
1.86
%
0.78
%
0.82
%
1.63
%
1.50
%
1.23
%
1.89
%
2.84
%

Total value at grant date
$
222,950

$
287,950

$
297,375

$
257,250

$
278,250

$
109,500

$
125,300

$
151,125

$
165,550

$
169,400

$
2,064,650

Expensed in previous years
222,950

287,950

297,375

257,250

278,250

109,500

125,300

151,125

165,550

169,400

2,064,650

Expensed in 2019











Future expense











 
Officers
 
 
 
 
Grant date
5/13/2011
5/4/2012
5/10/2013
5/9/2014
5/8/2015
5/6/2016
5/5/2017
5/11/2018
Subtotal
 
Grand 
Totals
Total grant
162,500

242,500

202,500

170,000

190,000

194,000

205,000

217,500

1,584,000

 
1,904,000

Vested
118,750

107,500

171,875

168,125

140,625

96,375

51,250


854,500

 
1,174,500

Exercised
103,750

92,455

129,375

46,126

20,625

3,750



396,081

 
566,081

Forfeited
43,750

135,000

30,625

1,875

3,125

1,875



216,250

 
231,250

Exercisable at March 31, 2019
15,000

15,045

42,500

121,999

120,000

92,625

51,250


458,419

 
593,419

Remaining unexercised
15,000

15,045

42,500

121,999

166,250

188,375

205,000

217,500

971,669

 
1,106,669

Exercise price
$
41.82

$
39.29

$
44.42

$
47.03

$
51.07

$
57.74

$
59.41

$
49.46

 
 
 
Volatility
0.330

0.315

0.304

0.306

0.298

0.185

0.170

0.177

 
 
 
Expected life (years)
8.0

8.0

8.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

7.0

 
 
 
Assumed yield
4.81
%
5.28
%
5.12
%
4.89
%
4.94
%
3.80
%
3.50
%
3.75
%
 
 
 
Risk-free rate
2.75
%
1.49
%
1.49
%
2.17
%
1.89
%
1.55
%
2.17
%
2.94
%
 
 
 
Gross value at grant date
$
1,366,625

$
1,518,050

$
1,401,300

$
1,349,800

$
1,584,600

$
1,136,840

$
1,324,300

$
1,313,700

$
10,995,215

 
$
13,059,865

Estimated forfeitures
367,937

845,100

211,925

14,887

26,062

86,628

91,642

83,157

1,727,338

 
1,727,338

Expensed in previous years
998,688

672,950

1,189,375

1,334,913

1,322,596

700,128

513,600

205,088

6,937,338

 
9,001,988

Expensed in 2019




176,957

65,637

77,040

76,908

396,542

 
396,542

Future expense




58,985

284,447

642,018

948,547

1,933,997

 
1,933,997

Weighted average term of remaining future expense (in years)
2.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

-19-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


The table below summarizes the option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2019:
 
 
Number of
Shares
 
Weighted
Average
Exercise Price
per share
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Outstanding at January 1
 
1,114,169

 
$
52.40

 
$
543,662

Granted
 

 

 

Exercised
 

 

 

Expired/Forfeited
 
(7,500
)
 
56.07

 

Outstanding at March 31
 
1,106,669

 
52.38

 
2,056,820

Exercisable at March 31
 
593,419

 
50.86

 
1,627,519

The intrinsic value measures the price difference between the options’ exercise price and the closing share price quoted by the New York Stock Exchange as of the date of measurement. The intrinsic value for shares exercised during the period was calculated by using the closing share price on the date of exercise. At March 29, 2019, the final trading day of the first quarter, the closing share price of $51.37 was lower than the exercise price of the 210,875 and 227,500 outstanding options granted in 2016 and 2017, respectively. The weighted average remaining contractual life of the Company’s outstanding and exercisable options is 7.0 years and 6.0 years, respectively.
                                                                                                                                                                                                
9.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses are reasonable estimates of their fair value. The aggregate fair value of the notes payable with fixed-rate payment terms was determined using Level 3 data in a discounted cash flow approach, which is based upon management’s estimate of borrowing rates and loan terms currently available to the Company for fixed-rate financing and, assuming long-term interest rates of approximately 4.05% and 4.40%, would be approximately $946.1 million and $927.0 million, respectively, compared to the principal balance of $918.5 million and $910.2 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. A change in any of the significant inputs may lead to a change in the Company’s fair value measurement of its debt.
The Company carries its interest rate swap at fair value. The Company has determined the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy with the exception of the impact of counter-party risk, which was determined using Level 3 inputs and is not significant. Derivative instruments are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy because their values are determined using third-party pricing models which contain inputs that are derived from observable market data. Valuation models require a variety of inputs, including contractual terms, market prices, yield curves, credit spreads, measure of volatility, and correlations of such inputs. The swap agreement terminates on July 1, 2020. As of March 31, 2019, the fair value of the interest-rate swap was approximately $0.4 million and is included in Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The decrease in value from inception of the swap is reflected in Other Comprehensive Income in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
 
10.
Commitments and Contingencies
Neither the Company nor the current portfolio properties are subject to any material litigation, nor, to management’s knowledge, is any material litigation currently threatened against the Company, other than routine litigation and administrative proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. Management believes that these items, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse impact on the Company or the current portfolio properties.
 
11.
Business Segments
The Company has two reportable business segments: Shopping Centers and Mixed-Use Properties. The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies (see Note 2). The Company evaluates performance based upon income and cash flows from real estate of the combined properties in each segment. All of our properties within each segment generate similar types of revenues and expenses related to tenant rent, reimbursements and operating expenses. Although services are provided to a range of tenants, the types of services provided to them are similar within each segment. The properties in each portfolio have similar economic characteristics and the nature of the products and services provided to our tenants and the method to distribute such services are consistent throughout the portfolio. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year information to conform to the 2019 presentation.
 

-20-

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)


(In thousands)
 Shopping
Centers
 
Mixed-Use
Properties
 
Corporate
and Other
 
Consolidated
Totals
Three months ended March 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate rental operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
43,159

 
$
16,591

 
$

 
$
59,750

Expenses
(9,688
)
 
(5,461
)
 

 
(15,149
)
Income from real estate
33,471

 
11,130

 

 
44,601

Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred debt costs

 

 
(11,067
)
 
(11,067
)
Depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs
(7,282
)
 
(4,361
)
 

 
(11,643
)
General and administrative

 

 
(4,814
)
 
(4,814
)
Net income (loss)
$
26,189

 
$
6,769

 
$
(15,881
)
 
$
17,077

Capital investment
$
4,613

 
$
18,810

 
$

 
$
23,423

Total assets
$
968,674

 
$
566,163

 
$
10,991

 
$
1,545,828

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate rental operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
40,924

 
$
15,184

 
$

 
$
56,108

Expenses
(8,877
)
 
(5,091
)
 

 
(13,968
)
Income from real estate
32,047

 
10,093

 

 
42,140

Interest expense and amortization of deferred debt costs

 

 
(11,424
)
 
(11,424
)
Depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs
(7,298
)
 
(4,051
)
 

 
(11,349
)
General and administrative

 

 
(4,420
)
 
(4,420
)
Net income (loss)
$
24,749

 
$
6,042

 
$
(15,844
)
 
$
14,947

Capital investment
$
3,260

 
$
13,463

 
$

 
$
16,723

Total assets
$
971,596

 
$
448,970

 
$
8,581

 
$
1,429,147

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Subsequent Events
The Company has reviewed operating activities for the period subsequent to March 31, 2019 and determined there are no subsequent events required to be disclosed.


-21-


Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This section should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements of the Company and the accompanying notes in “Item 1. Financial Statements” of this report and the more detailed information contained in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. Historical results and percentage relationships set forth in Item 1 and this section should not be taken as indicative of future operations of the Company. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined in this section have the meanings given to them in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.
Forward-Looking Statements
This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements are generally characterized by terms such as “believe,” “expect” and “may.”
Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based upon reasonable assumptions, the Company’s actual results could differ materially from those given in the forward-looking statements as a result of changes in factors which include, among others, the following:
continuing risks related to the challenging domestic and global credit markets and their effect on discretionary spending;
risks that the Company’s tenants will not pay rent;
risks related to the Company’s reliance on shopping center “anchor” tenants and other significant tenants;
risks related to the Company’s substantial relationships with members of the Saul Organization;
risks of financing, such as increases in interest rates, restrictions imposed by the Company’s debt, the Company’s ability to meet existing financial covenants and the Company’s ability to consummate planned and additional financings on acceptable terms;
risks related to the Company’s development activities;
risks that the Company’s growth will be limited if the Company cannot obtain additional capital;
risks that planned and additional acquisitions or redevelopments may not be consummated, or if they are consummated, that they will not perform as expected;
risks generally incident to the ownership of real property, including adverse changes in economic conditions, changes in the investment climate for real estate, changes in real estate taxes and other operating expenses, adverse changes in governmental rules and fiscal policies, the relative illiquidity of real estate and environmental risks;
risks related to the Company’s status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, such as the existence of complex regulations relating to the Company’s status as a REIT, the effect of future changes in REIT requirements as a result of new legislation and the adverse consequences of the failure to qualify as a REIT; and
such other risks as described in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
General
The following discussion is based primarily on the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Overview
The Company’s principal business activity is the ownership, management and development of income-producing properties. The Company’s long-term objectives are to increase cash flow from operations and to maximize capital appreciation of its real estate investments.
The Company’s primary operating strategy is to focus on its community and neighborhood shopping center business and its transit-centric, primarily residential mixed-use properties to achieve both cash flow growth and capital appreciation. Management believes there is potential for long-term growth in cash flow as existing leases for space in the Shopping Centers and Mixed-Use properties expire and are renewed, or newly-available or vacant space is leased. The Company intends to renegotiate leases where possible and seek new tenants for available space in order to optimize the mix of uses to improve foot traffic through the Shopping Centers. As leases expire, management expects to revise rental rates, lease terms and conditions, relocate existing tenants, reconfigure tenant spaces and introduce new tenants with the goals of increasing occupancy, improving overall retail sales, and ultimately increasing cash flow as economic conditions improve. In those circumstances in

-22-


which leases are not otherwise expiring, or in connection with renovations or relocations, management selectively attempts to increase cash flow through a variety of means, including recapturing leases with below market rents and re-leasing at market rates, as well as replacing financially troubled tenants. When possible, management also will seek to include scheduled increases in base rent, as well as percentage rental provisions, in its leases.
The recent period of economic expansion has now run in excess of five years. While economic conditions within the local Washington, DC metropolitan area have remained relatively stable, issues facing the Federal government relating to taxation, spending and interest rate policy will likely continue to impact the office, retail and residential real estate markets over the coming years. Because the majority of the Company’s property operating income is produced by our shopping centers, we continually monitor the implications of government policy changes, as well as shifts in consumer demand between on-line and in-store shopping, on future shopping center construction and retailer store expansion plans. Based on our observations, we continue to adapt our marketing and merchandising strategies in a way to maximize our future performance.  The Company’s overall leasing percentage, on a comparative same property basis, which excludes the impact of properties not in operation for the entirety of the comparable periods, was 95.7% at March 31, 2019, compared to 94.1% at March 31, 2018.
The Company maintains a ratio of total debt to total asset value of under 50%, which allows the Company to obtain additional secured borrowings if necessary. As of March 31, 2019, amortizing fixed-rate debt with staggered maturities from 2019 to 2035 represented approximately 88.9% of the Company’s notes payable, thus minimizing refinancing risk in any given year. As of March 31, 2019, the Company’s variable-rate debt consisted of $115.0 million outstanding under the credit facility. As of March 31, 2019, the Company has availability of approximately $230.5 million under its $325.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility.
Although it is management’s present intention to concentrate future acquisition and development activities on community and neighborhood shopping centers and transit-centric, primarily residential mixed-use properties in the Washington, DC/Baltimore metropolitan area and the southeastern region of the United States, the Company may, in the future, also acquire other types of real estate in other areas of the country as opportunities present themselves. While the Company may diversify in terms of property locations, size and market, the Company does not set any limit on the amount or percentage of Company assets that may be invested in any one property or any one geographic area.
The following table sets forth average annualized base rent per square foot and average annualized effective rent per square foot for the Company's Commercial properties (all properties except for the Clarendon Center and Park Van Ness apartments). For purposes of this table, annualized effective rent is annualized base rent minus amortized tenant improvements and amortized leasing commissions.
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
Base rent
 
$
20.08

 
$
20.26

 
$
18.91

 
$
18.71

 
$
18.37

Effective rent
 
$
18.14

 
$
18.33

 
$
17.12

 
$
16.86

 
$
16.74

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recent Developments
From 2014 through 2016, in separate transactions, the Company purchased four adjacent properties on North Glebe Road in Arlington, Virginia, for an aggregate $54.0 million. The Company is developing approximately 490 residential units and 60,000 square feet of retail space on 2.8 acres of land. Construction is complete on the three level below grade parking structure. Concrete work is substantially complete and pre-cast facade panels, masonry and windows are being installed. Interior framing, electrical, plumbing and HVAC work continues. The development is scheduled for substantial completion in early 2020. The total cost of the project, including acquisition of land, is expected to be approximately $275.0 million, a portion of which will be financed with a $157.0 million construction-to-permanent loan. Costs incurred through March 31, 2019 total approximately $189.2 million, of which $38.5 million has been financed by the loan. Leases have been executed for a 41,500 square foot Target and 11,000 square feet of retail shop space, resulting in approximately 88% of the planned retail space being leased.
Albertson's/Safeway is currently a tenant at seven of the Company's shopping centers, two locations of which are subleased to other grocers. In February 2017, the Company terminated the lease with Albertson's/Safeway at Broadlands Village. The Company executed a lease with Aldi Food Market for 20,000 square feet of this space, which opened in November 2017, and has executed a lease with LA Fitness for substantially all of the remaining space. The fitness center is projected to open for business during the fourth quarter of 2019.

-23-


In the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company substantially completed construction of the shell of a 16,000 square foot small shop expansion at Burtonsville Town Square and construction of interior improvements is underway. Delivery of the first leased tenant spaces occurred in late 2018, and tenant openings began in the first quarter of 2019. The total development cost is expected to be approximately $5.7 million. Leases have been executed for approximately 55% of the space and the Company has prospects for the remaining portion. In addition, a lease has been executed with Taco Bell who will construct a free-standing building on a pad site within the property.
During the three months ended June 30, 2017, the Company executed a termination agreement with Kmart at Kentlands Square II. In September 2018, the Company executed a lease with At Home for all of the space, which opened for business in January 2019.
In May 2018, the Company acquired from the Trust, in exchange for 176,680 limited partnership units, approximately 13.7 acres of land located at the intersection of Ashburn Village Boulevard and Russell Branch Parkway in Ashburn, Virginia. The Company has received site plan approval for an approximately 88,000 square foot neighborhood shopping center. A 29,000 square foot anchor grocery store lease has been executed with Lidl and, including executed pad and shop space leases, overall pre-leasing totals approximately 50% of the planned space. In addition, lease negotiations are in progress for approximately 10,400 square feet of the remaining planned pad building and small shop space. Site work commenced in November 2018, shop space construction is underway and the grocer commenced construction in the second quarter of 2019. The shopping center is scheduled to open in early 2020. After construction of the shopping center and upon stabilization, the Company may be obligated to issue additional limited partnership units to the Trust.
In September 2018, the Company purchased for $35.5 million, plus $0.7 million of acquisition costs, an office building and the underlying ground located at 7316 Wisconsin Avenue in Bethesda, Maryland. In December 2018, the Company purchased for $4.5 million, including acquisition costs, an interest in an adjacent parcel of land and retail building. The Company has completed schematic design plans for the combined property for the mixed-use development of up to 365 apartment units and 10,000 square feet of retail space. The purchase price was funded through the Company's revolving credit facility.
Critical Accounting Policies
The Company’s financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”), which requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reporting of financial position and results of operations. If judgment or interpretation of the facts and circumstances relating to various transactions had been different, it is possible that different accounting policies would have been applied resulting in a different presentation of the financial statements. The Company has identified the following policies that, due to estimates and assumptions inherent in these policies, involve a relatively high degree of judgment and complexity.
Real Estate Investments
Real estate investment properties are stated at historic cost less depreciation. Although the Company intends to own its real estate investment properties over a long term, from time to time it will evaluate its market position, market conditions, and other factors and may elect to sell properties that do not conform to the Company’s investment profile. Management believes that the Company’s real estate assets have generally appreciated in value since their acquisition or development and, accordingly, the aggregate current value exceeds their aggregate net book value and also exceeds the value of the Company’s liabilities as reported in the financial statements. Because the financial statements are prepared in conformity with GAAP, they do not report the current value of the Company’s real estate investment properties.
If there is an event or change in circumstance that indicates a potential impairment in the value of a real estate investment property, the Company prepares an analysis to determine whether the carrying value of the real estate investment property exceeds its estimated fair value. The Company considers both quantitative and qualitative factors including recurring operating losses, significant decreases in occupancy, and significant adverse changes in legal factors and business climate. If impairment indicators are present, the projected cash flows of the property over its remaining useful life, on an undiscounted basis, are compared to the carrying value of that property. The Company assesses its undiscounted projected cash flows based upon estimated capitalization rates, historic operating results and market conditions that may affect the property. If the carrying value is greater than the undiscounted projected cash flows, an impairment loss is recognized equivalent to an amount required to adjust the carrying amount to its then estimated fair value. The fair value of any property is sensitive to the actual results of any of the aforementioned estimated factors, either individually or taken as a whole. Should the actual results differ from management’s projections, the valuation could be negatively or positively affected.


-24-


Legal Contingencies
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business, which are generally covered by insurance. While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company believes the final outcome of current matters will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position or the results of operations. Upon determination that a loss is probable to occur, the estimated amount of the loss is recorded in the financial statements. Both the amount of the loss and the point at which its occurrence is considered probable can be difficult to determine.

Results of Operations
Three months ended March 31, 2019 (the "2019 Quarter") compared to the three months ended March 31, 2018 (the "2018 Quarter")
Revenue
 
  
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2018 to 2019 Change
(Dollars in thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
 
Amount
 
Percent
Base rent
 
$
46,610

 
$
45,867

 
$
743

 
1.6
 %
Expense recoveries
 
9,811

 
8,771

 
1,040

 
11.9
 %
Percentage rent
 
284

 
418

 
(134
)
 
(32.1
)%
Other property revenue
 
336

 
220

 
116

 
52.7
 %
Credit losses on operating lease receivables
 
(238
)
 
(286
)
 
48

 
(16.8
)%
Rental revenue
 
56,803

 
54,990

 
1,813

 
3.3
 %
Other revenue
 
2,947

 
1,118

 
1,829

 
163.6
 %
Total revenue
 
$
59,750

 
$
56,108

 
$
3,642

 
6.5
 %
Base rent includes $(215,900) and $(145,600) for the 2019 Quarter and 2018 Quarter, respectively, to recognize base rent on a straight-line basis. In addition, base rent includes $360,100 and $412,400, for the 2019 Quarter and 2018 Quarter, respectively, to recognize income from the amortization of in-place leases acquired in connection with purchased real estate investment properties.

Total revenue increased 6.5% in the 2019 Quarter compared to the 2018 Quarter primarily due to (a) a $1.8 million increase in termination fees, (b) a $1.0 million increase in expense recoveries, and (c) a 183,900 square foot increase in leased commercial space ($0.9 million) partially offset by (d) a $0.17 per square foot decrease in base rent ($0.4 million).
Expenses
  
Three months ended March 31,
 
2018 to 2019 Change
(Dollars in thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
Amount
 
Percent
Property operating expenses
$
8,001

 
$
7,123

 
$
878

 
12.3
 %
Real estate taxes
7,148

 
6,845

 
303

 
4.4
 %
Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred debt costs
11,067

 
11,424

 
(357
)
 
(3.1
)%
Depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs
11,643

 
11,349

 
294

 
2.6
 %
General and administrative
4,814

 
4,420

 
394

 
8.9
 %
Total expenses
$
42,673

 
$
41,161

 
$
1,512

 
3.7
 %
Total expenses increased 3.7% in the 2019 Quarter compared to the 2018 Quarter.
Property Operating Expenses. Property operating expenses increased 12.3% in the 2019 Quarter primarily due to (a) higher snow removal costs ($0.3 million), (b) increased repairs and maintenance costs throughout the portfolio ($0.3 million) and (c) initial direct costs related to leasing activities that, in accordance with ASU 2016-02, are no longer capitalized ($0.2 million).

-25-


Real Estate Taxes. Real estate taxes increased 4.4% in the 2019 Quarter primarily due to (a) an increase at 601 Pennsylvania Avenue ($0.1 million) and (b) small increases at several properties throughout the portfolio.
Interest Expense, net and Amortization of Deferred Debt Costs. Interest expense decreased 3.1% in the 2019 Quarter primarily due to (a) higher capitalized interest ($1.0 million) partially offset by (b) higher interest incurred ($0.6 million).
General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses increased 8.9% primarily due to higher compensation and benefits expense related to leasing activities that, in accordance with ASU 2016-02, are no longer capitalized ($0.3 million).

Same property revenue and same property operating income
Same property revenue and same property operating income are non-GAAP financial measures of performance and improve the comparability of these measures by excluding the results of properties which were not in operation for the entirety of the comparable reporting periods.
We define same property revenue as total revenue minus the revenue of properties not in operation for the entirety of the comparable reporting periods, and we define same property operating income as net income plus (a) interest expense, net and amortization of deferred debt costs, (b) depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs and (c) general and administrative expenses minus (d) the operating income of properties which were not in operation for the entirety of the comparable periods.
Other REITs may use different methodologies for calculating same property revenue and same property operating income. Accordingly, our same property revenue and same property operating income may not be comparable to those of other REITs.
Same property revenue and same property operating income are used by management to evaluate and compare the operating performance of our properties, and to determine trends in earnings, because these measures are not affected by the cost of our funding, the impact of depreciation and amortization expenses, gains or losses from the acquisition and sale of operating real estate assets, general and administrative expenses or other gains and losses that relate to ownership of our properties. We believe the exclusion of these items from property revenue and property operating income is useful because the resulting measures capture the actual revenue generated and actual expenses incurred by operating our properties.
Same property revenue and same property operating income are measures of the operating performance of our properties but do not measure our performance as a whole. Such measures are therefore not substitutes for total revenue, net income or operating income as computed in accordance with GAAP.
The tables below provide reconciliations of total property revenue and property operating income under GAAP to same property revenue and operating income for the indicated periods. The same property results for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 include 49 Shopping Centers and six Mixed-Used properties.


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Same property revenue
(in thousands)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
Total revenue
 
$
59,750

 
$
56,108

Less: Acquisitions, dispositions and development properties
 
(889
)
 

Total same property revenue
 
$
58,861

 
$
56,108

 
 
 
 
 
Shopping Centers
 
$
43,159

 
$
40,924

Mixed-Use properties
 
15,702

 
15,184

Total same property revenue
 
$
58,861

 
$
56,108

 
 
 
 
 
Total Shopping Center revenue
 
$
43,159

 
$
40,924

Less: Shopping Center acquisitions, dispositions and development properties
 

 

Total same Shopping Center revenue
 
$
43,159

 
$
40,924

 
 
 
 
 
Total Mixed-Use property revenue
 
$
16,591

 
$
15,184

Less: Mixed-Use acquisitions, dispositions and development properties
 
(889
)
 

Total same Mixed-Use revenue
 
$
15,702

 
$
15,184

The $2.8 million increase in same property revenue for the 2019 Quarter compared to the 2018 Quarter, was primarily due to (a) increased termination fees ($1.2 million), (b) increased expense recoveries ($1.0 million) and (c) increased base rent ($0.5 million).


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Same property operating income
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
17,077

 
$
14,947

Add: Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred debt costs
 
11,067

 
11,424

Add: Depreciation and amortization of deferred leasing costs
 
11,643

 
11,349

Add: General and administrative
 
4,814

 
4,420

Property operating income
 
44,601

 
42,140

Less: Acquisitions, dispositions and development properties
 
(628
)
 

Total same property operating income
 
$
43,973

 
$
42,140

 
 
 
 
 
Shopping Centers
 
$
33,471

 
$
32,047

Mixed-Use properties
 
10,502

 
10,093

Total same property operating income
 
$
43,973

 
$
42,140

 
 
 
 
 
Shopping Center operating income
 
$
33,471

 
$
32,047

Less: Shopping Center acquisitions, dispositions and development properties
 

 

Total same Shopping Center operating income
 
$
33,471

 
$
32,047

 
 
 
 
 
Mixed-Use property operating income
 
$
11,130

 
$
10,093

Less: Mixed-Use acquisitions, dispositions and development properties
 
(628
)
 

Total same Mixed-Use property operating income
 
$
10,502

 
$
10,093

The $1.8 million increase in same property operating income in the 2019 Quarter compared to the 2018 Quarter was primarily due to (a) increased termination fees ($1.2 million) and (b) an increase in base rent ($0.5 million).
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash and cash equivalents totaled $11.5 million and $9.0 million at March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company’s cash flow is affected by its operating, investing and financing activities, as described below.
 
  
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
31,641

 
$
25,787

Net cash used in investing activities
(23,423
)
 
(16,723
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(11,340
)
 
(10,993
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
$
(3,122
)
 
$
(1,929
)
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities represents cash received primarily from rental revenue, plus other revenue, less property operating expenses, leasing costs, normal recurring general and administrative expenses and interest payments on debt outstanding.
Investing Activities