Company Quick10K Filing
Saul Centers
Price54.18 EPS3
Shares23 P/E20
MCap1,253 P/FCF15
Net Debt971 EBIT94
TEV2,224 TEV/EBIT24
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-02-25
10-Q 2020-09-30 Filed 2020-11-05
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-06
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-06
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-02-27
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-07
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-07
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-02
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-26
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-01
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-03
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-03
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-02-27
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-02
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-03
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-04
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-07
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-01
10-Q 2016-08-02 Filed 2016-08-02
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-05
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-03-04
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-02
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-03
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-07
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-06
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-03
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-04
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-07
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-03-10
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-01
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-01
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-03
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-03-13
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-02
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-06
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-03
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-03-12
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-08
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-08
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-03
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-03-04
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-05
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-06
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-05
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-03-16
8-K 2020-11-05
8-K 2020-09-17
8-K 2020-08-05
8-K 2020-06-19
8-K 2020-05-06
8-K 2020-04-24
8-K 2020-02-27
8-K 2019-11-07
8-K 2019-09-12
8-K 2019-08-07
8-K 2019-07-31
8-K 2019-05-03
8-K 2019-05-02
8-K 2019-03-19
8-K 2019-02-26
8-K 2018-11-01
8-K 2018-08-03
8-K 2018-06-26
8-K 2018-05-11
8-K 2018-05-09
8-K 2018-05-03
8-K 2018-03-23
8-K 2018-03-09
8-K 2018-02-27
8-K 2018-01-26
8-K 2018-01-19
8-K 2015-09-21
8-K 2015-07-30
8-K 2015-05-08
8-K 2015-05-05
8-K 2015-03-05

BFS 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-10.L bfs-12312020xexhibit10l.htm
EX-21 bfs-12312020xexhibit21.htm
EX-23.1 bfs-12312020xexhibit231.htm
EX-31 bfs-12312020xexhibit31.htm
EX-32 bfs-12312020xexhibit32.htm

Saul Centers Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
1.71.41.00.70.30.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.10.10.10.00.00.02012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.10.10.0-0.0-0.1-0.12012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File number 1-12254
SAUL CENTERS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland52-1833074
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
7501 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 1500E, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-6522
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (301986-6200

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol:Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per ShareBFSNew York Stock Exchange
Depositary Shares each representing 1/100th of a share of 6.125% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per ShareBFS/PRDNew York Stock Exchange
Depositary Shares each representing 1/100th of a share of 6.000% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per ShareBFS/PRENew York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: N/A
 


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act    Yes      No  .
Indicate by check mark whether registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the
Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  .
The number of shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, issued and outstanding as of February 18, 2021 was 23.5 million.
At June 30, 2020, the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $419.8 million based upon the closing price of the registrant’s Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange on June 30, 2020, the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter. The determination of affiliate status is solely for the purposes of this report and shall not be construed as an admission for the purposes of determining affiliate status.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:
Registrant incorporates by reference into Part III (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) of this Annual Report on Form 10-K portions of registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the Securities Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A. The definitive Proxy Statement will be filed with the Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K.



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TABLE OF CONTENTS
  Page Numbers
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
Item 15.
Item 16.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE
Schedule III.
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PART I
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements contained herein constitute forward-looking statements as such term is defined in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance. Our future results, financial condition and business may differ materially from those expressed in these forward-looking statements. You can find many of these statements by looking for words such as “plans,” “intends,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “believes” or similar expressions in this Form 10-K. Although management believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are based upon present expectations and reasonable assumptions, our actual results could differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements to reflect changed assumptions, the occurrence of unanticipated events or changes to future operating results over time, unless required by law. Certain factors that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those we anticipate are described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The following are some of the risks and uncertainties, although not all risks and uncertainties, that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those presented in our forward-looking statements:
challenging domestic and global credit markets and their effect on discretionary spending;
the ability of our tenants to pay rent;
our reliance on shopping center “anchor” tenants and other significant tenants;
our substantial relationships with members of The Saul Organization;
risks of financing, such as increases in interest rates, restrictions imposed by our debt, our ability to meet existing financial covenants and our ability to consummate planned and additional financings on acceptable terms;
our development activities;
our access to additional capital;
our ability to successfully complete additional acquisitions or redevelopments, or if they are consummated, whether such acquisitions or developments perform as expected;
risks generally incident to the ownership of real property, including adverse changes in economic conditions, changes in the investment climate for real estate, changes in real estate taxes and other operating expenses, adverse changes in governmental rules and fiscal policies, the relative illiquidity of real estate and environmental risks; and
risks related to our status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes, such as the existence of complex regulations relating to our status as a REIT, the effect of future changes to REIT requirements as a result of new legislation and the adverse consequences of the failure to qualify as a REIT.

In addition, we describe risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and events to differ materially in “Risk Factors” (Part I, Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K), “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” (Part II, Item 7A), and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations” (Part II, Item 7).
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Item 1. Business
General
Saul Centers, Inc. (“Saul Centers”) was incorporated under the Maryland General Corporation Law on June 10, 1993. Saul Centers operates as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). The Company is required to annually distribute at least 90% of its REIT taxable income (excluding net capital gains) to its stockholders and meet certain organizational and other requirements. Saul Centers has made and intends to continue to make regular quarterly distributions to its stockholders. Saul Centers, together with its wholly owned subsidiaries and the limited partnerships of which Saul Centers or one of its subsidiaries is the sole general partner, are referred to collectively as the “Company.” B. Francis Saul II serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors, Chief Executive Officer and President of Saul Centers.
The Company’s primary strategy is to continue to focus on diversification of its assets through development of transit-centric, residential mixed-use projects in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The Company’s operating strategy also includes improvement of the operating performance and internal growth of its Shopping Centers and will supplement its development of residential mixed-used projects with selective redevelopment and renovations of its core Shopping Centers.
Saul Centers was formed to continue and expand the shopping center business previously owned and conducted by the B. F. Saul Real Estate Investment Trust (the "Saul Trust"), the B. F. Saul Company and certain other affiliated entities, each of which is controlled by B. Francis Saul II and his family members (collectively, the "Saul Organization”). On August 26, 1993, members of the Saul Organization transferred to Saul Holdings Limited Partnership, a newly formed Maryland limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), and two newly formed subsidiary limited partnerships (the “Subsidiary Partnerships,” and collectively with the Operating Partnership, the “Partnerships”), shopping center and mixed-use properties, and the management functions related to the transferred properties. Since its formation, the Company has developed and purchased additional properties.
As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s properties (the “Current Portfolio Properties”) consisted of 50 shopping center properties (the “Shopping Centers”), seven mixed-use properties, which are comprised of office, retail and multi-family residential uses (the “Mixed-Use Properties”) and three (non-operating) development properties.
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Organizational Structure
The Company conducts its business through the Operating Partnership and/or directly or indirectly owned subsidiaries. The following diagram depicts the Company’s organizational structure and beneficial ownership of the common and preferred stock of Saul Centers calculated pursuant to Rule 13d-3 of the Exchange Act as of December 31, 2020.
bfs-20201231_g1.jpg

(1)The Saul Organization’s ownership percentage in Saul Centers reported above does not include units of limited partnership interest of the Operating Partnership held by the Saul Organization. In general, most units are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock on a one-for-one basis. However, not all of the units may be convertible into the Company’s common stock because (i) the articles of incorporation limit beneficial and constructive ownership (defined by reference to various Code provisions) to 39.9% in value of the Company’s issued and outstanding common and preferred equity securities, which comprise the ownership limit and (ii) the convertibility of some of the outstanding units is subject to approval of the Company’s stockholders.
Management of the Current Portfolio Properties
The Operating Partnership manages the Current Portfolio Properties and will manage any subsequently acquired or developed properties. The management of the properties includes performing property management, leasing, design, renovation, development and accounting duties for each property. The Operating Partnership provides each property with a fully integrated property management capability, with approximately 60 full-time equivalent employees at its headquarters office and 50 full-time employees and 9 part-time employees at its
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properties and with an extensive and mature network of relationships with tenants and potential tenants as well as with members of the brokerage and property owners’ communities. The Company currently does not, and does not intend to, retain third party managers or provide management services to third parties.
The Company augments its property management capabilities by sharing with the Saul Organization certain ancillary functions, at cost, such as information technology and payroll services, benefits administration and in-house legal services. The Company also shares insurance administration expenses on a pro rata basis with the Saul Organization. Management believes that these arrangements result in lower costs than could be obtained by contracting with third parties. These arrangements permit the Company to capture greater economies of scale in purchasing from third party vendors than would otherwise be available to the Company alone and to capture internal economies of scale by avoiding payments representing profits with respect to functions provided internally. The terms of all sharing arrangements with the Saul Organization, including payments related thereto, are specified in a written agreement and are reviewed annually by the Audit Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors.
The Company subleases its corporate headquarters space from the Saul Organization at the Company’s share of the cost. A discussion of the lease terms is provided in Note 7, Long Term Lease Obligations, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Principal Offices
The principal offices of the Company are located at 7501 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 1500E, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-6522, and the Company’s telephone number is (301) 986-6200. The Company’s internet web address is www.saulcenters.com. Information contained on the Company’s website is not part of this report. The Company makes available free of charge on its website its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after the reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). We intend to comply with the requirements of Item 5.05 of Form 8-K regarding amendments to and waivers under the code of business conduct and ethics applicable to our Chief Executive Officer, Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer by providing such information on our website within four days after effecting any amendment to, or granting any waiver under, that code, and we will maintain such information on our website for at least twelve months. Alternatively, you may access these reports at the SEC’s website: www.sec.gov.
Policies with Respect to Certain Activities
The following is a discussion of the Company’s operating strategy and certain of its investment, financing and other policies. These strategies and policies have been determined by the Board of Directors and, in general, may be amended or revised from time to time by the Board of Directors without a vote of the Company’s stockholders.
Operating Strategy
The Company’s primary strategy is to continue to focus on diversification of its assets through development of transit-centric, residential mixed-use projects in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The Company’s operating strategy also includes improvement of the operating performance and internal growth of its Shopping Centers and will supplement its development of residential mixed-used projects with selective redevelopment and renovations of its core Shopping Centers.
The Company’s primary operating strategy is to focus on the management and development of (i) transit-centric, primarily residential mixed-use properties to achieve both cash flow growth and capital appreciation and (ii) community and neighborhood shopping center business. Community and neighborhood shopping centers typically provide reliable cash flow and steady long-term growth potential. Management actively manages its property portfolio by engaging in strategic leasing activities, tenant selection, lease negotiation and shopping center expansion and reconfiguration. The Company seeks to optimize its retail tenant mix by selecting tenants for its Shopping Centers and Mixed-Use Properties that provide a broad spectrum of goods and services, consistent with the role of community and neighborhood shopping centers as the source for day-to-day necessities.
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Management believes that such a synergistic tenanting approach results in increased cash flow from existing tenants by providing the Shopping Centers with consistent traffic and a desirable mix of shoppers, resulting in increased sales and, therefore, increased cash flows.
Management believes there is potential for long term growth in cash flow as existing leases for space in the Shopping Centers and Mixed-Use Properties expire and are renewed, or newly available or vacant space is leased. The Company intends to renegotiate leases where possible and seek new tenants for available space in order to optimize the mix of uses to improve foot traffic through the Shopping Centers. As leases expire, management expects to revise rental rates, lease terms and conditions, relocate existing tenants, reconfigure tenant spaces and introduce new tenants with the goals of increasing occupancy, improving overall retail sales, and ultimately increasing cash flow as economic conditions improve. In those circumstances in which leases are not otherwise expiring, management selectively attempts to increase cash flow through a variety of means, or in connection with renovations or relocations, recapturing leases with below market rents and re-leasing at market rates, as well as replacing financially troubled tenants. When possible, management also will seek to include scheduled increases in base rent, as well as percentage rental provisions, in its leases.
It is management’s intention to hold properties for long-term investment and to place strong emphasis on regular maintenance, periodic renovation and capital improvement. Management believes that characteristics such as cleanliness, lighting and security are particularly important in community and neighborhood shopping centers, which are frequently visited by shoppers during hours outside of the normal work-day. Management believes that the Shopping Centers and Mixed-Use Properties generally are attractive and well maintained. The Shopping Centers and Mixed-Use Properties will undergo expansion, renovation, reconfiguration and modernization from time to time when management believes that such action is warranted by opportunities or changes in the competitive environment of a property. The Company will continue its practice of expanding existing properties by undertaking new construction on outparcels suitable for development as free standing retail or office facilities.
Investment in Real Estate
The Company’s primary strategy is to continue to focus on diversification of its assets through development of transit-centric, residential mixed-use projects in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The Company’s operating strategy also includes improvement of the operating performance and internal growth of its Shopping Centers and supplementing its development of residential mixed-used projects with selective redevelopment and renovations of its core Shopping Centers. The residential component of The Waycroft, a project with 491 apartment units and 60,000 square feet of retail space, on North Glebe Road, within two blocks of the Ballston Metro Station, in Arlington, Virginia was placed into service in April 2020. The Company also has a development pipeline of zoned sites, either in its portfolio (some of which are currently shopping center operating properties) or under contract, for development of up to 3,700 apartment units and 975,000 square feet of retail and office space. All such sites are located adjacent to red line Metro stations in Montgomery County, Maryland.
The Company intends to selectively add free-standing pad site buildings within its Shopping Center portfolio, and replace underperforming tenants with tenants that generate strong traffic, generally anchor stores such as supermarkets, drug stores and fitness centers, as evidenced by the March 2020 addition of a 69,000 square foot Giant Food at Seven Corners, the June 2020 addition of a 36,000 square foot LA Fitness at Broadlands Village and the August 2020 addition of a 54,000 square foot 99 Ranch grocery store at Shops at Fairfax. The Company has seven new pad site tenants, including three at our newly developed Ashbrook Marketplace shopping center, that began paying rent in 2020. Annualized rent from these seven pad sites totals approximately $1.1 million. Additionally, the Company has executed leases or leases are under negotiation for 10 more pad sites, tenants at five of which are expected to begin paying rent in 2021. The annualized rent from these 10 pad sites totals approximately $1.6 million.
In recent years, there has been a limited amount of quality properties for sale and pricing of those properties has escalated. Accordingly, management believes acquisition opportunities for investment in existing and new shopping center and mixed-use properties in the near future is uncertain. Nevertheless, because of the Company’s conservative capital structure, including its cash and capacity under its revolving credit facility, management believes that the Company is positioned to take advantage of additional investment opportunities as
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attractive properties are identified and market conditions improve. (See “Item 1. Business - Capital Policies”.) It is management’s view that several of the sub-markets in which the Company operates have, or are expected to have in the future, attractive supply/demand characteristics. The Company will continue to evaluate acquisition, development and redevelopment as integral parts of its overall business plan.
In evaluating a particular redevelopment, renovation, acquisition, or development, management will consider a variety of factors, including: (i) the location, size and accessibility of the property, with an emphasis on the Washington, D.C./Baltimore metropolitan area; (ii) the demographic characteristics of the community, as well as the local real estate market, including potential for growth and potential regulatory impediments to development; (iii) the purchase price; (iv) the non-financial terms of the transaction; (v) the “fit” of the property with the Company’s existing portfolio; (vi) the potential for, and current extent of, any environmental problems; (vii) the current and historical occupancy rates of the property or any comparable or competing properties in the same market; (viii) the quality of construction and design and the current physical condition of the property; (ix) the financial and other characteristics of existing tenants and the terms of existing leases; and (x) the potential for capital appreciation.
Although it is management’s present intention to concentrate future acquisition and development activities on transit-centric, primarily residential mixed-use properties in the Washington, D.C./Baltimore metropolitan area, the Company may, in the future, also acquire other types of real estate in other areas of the country as opportunities present themselves. The Company plans to continue to diversify in terms of property types, locations, size and market, and it does not set any limit on the amount or percentage of assets that may be invested in any one property or any one geographic area.
The Company intends to engage in such future investment and development activities in a manner that enables the Company to qualify and maintain its status as a REIT for federal income tax purposes and that will not cause the Company to be regulated as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended. Equity investments in acquired properties may be subject to existing mortgage financings and other indebtedness or to new indebtedness which may be incurred in connection with acquiring or refinancing these investments.
Investments in Real Estate Mortgages
While the Company’s current portfolio and business objectives emphasize equity investments in transit centric, residential mixed-use properties, neighborhood shopping centers, and other mixed-use properties, the Company may, at the discretion of the Board of Directors, invest in mortgages, participating or convertible mortgages, deeds of trust and other types of real estate interests consistent with its qualification as a REIT. The Company does not presently invest, nor does it intend to invest, in real estate mortgages.
Investments in Securities of or Interests in Persons Engaged in Real Estate Activities and Other Issues
Subject to the requirements to maintain REIT qualification, the Company may invest in securities of other REITs, other entities engaged in real estate activities or securities of other issuers, including for the purpose of exercising control over such entities. The Company does not presently invest, nor does it intend to invest, in any securities of other REITs.
Dispositions
The Company may elect to dispose of properties if, based upon management’s periodic review of the Company’s portfolio, the Board of Directors determines that such action would be in the best interest of the Company’s stockholders.
Capital Policies
The Company has established a debt capitalization policy relative to asset value, which is computed by reference to the aggregate annualized cash flow from the properties in the Company’s portfolio rather than relative to book value. The Company has used a measure tied to cash flow because it believes that the book value of its
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portfolio properties, which is the depreciated historical cost of the properties, does not accurately reflect the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness. Asset value, however, is somewhat more variable than book value, and may not at all times reflect the fair market value of the underlying properties. As a general policy, the Company intends to maintain a ratio of its total debt to total asset value of 50% or less and to actively manage the Company’s leverage and debt expense on an ongoing basis in order to maintain prudent coverage of fixed charges. Given the Company’s current debt level, it is management’s belief that the ratio of the Company’s debt to total asset value is below 50% as of December 31, 2020.
The organizational documents of the Company do not limit the absolute amount or percentage of indebtedness that it may incur. The Board of Directors may, from time to time, reevaluate the Company’s debt capitalization policy in light of current economic conditions, relative costs of capital, market values of the Company property portfolio, opportunities for acquisition, development or expansion, and such other factors as the Board of Directors then deems relevant. The Board of Directors may modify the Company’s debt capitalization policy based on such a reevaluation, without shareholder approval, and may increase or decrease the Company’s debt to total asset ratio above or below 50% or may waive the policy for certain periods of time, subject to maintaining compliance with financial covenants contained within existing debt agreements. The Company selectively refinances or renegotiates the terms of its outstanding debt in order to extend maturities and obtain generally more favorable loan terms, whenever management determines the financing environment is favorable.
The Company intends to finance future acquisitions and developments and to make debt repayments by utilizing the sources of capital then deemed to be most advantageous. Such sources may include undistributed operating cash flow, secured or unsecured bank and institutional borrowings, proceeds from the Company’s Dividend Reinvestment and Stock Purchase Plan, proceeds from the sale of properties and private and public offerings of debt or equity securities. Borrowings may be at the Operating Partnership or Subsidiary Partnerships’ level and securities offerings may include (subject to certain limitations) the issuance of Operating Partnership interests convertible into common stock or other equity securities.
Other Policies
The Company has the authority to offer equity or debt securities in exchange for property and to repurchase or otherwise acquire its common stock or other securities in the open market or otherwise, and may engage in such activities in the future. The Company expects, but is not obligated, to issue common stock to holders of units of the Operating Partnership upon exercise of their redemption rights. The Company has not engaged in trading, underwriting or agency distribution or sale of securities of other issuers other than the Operating Partnership and does not intend to do so. The Company has not made any loans to third parties, although the Company may in the future make loans to third parties. In addition, the Company has policies relating to related party transactions discussed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”
Competition
As an owner of, or investor in, transit centric residential mixed-use properties, community and neighborhood shopping centers, and other mixed-use properties, the Company is subject to competition from an indeterminate number of companies in connection with the acquisition, development, ownership and leasing of similar properties. These investors include investors with access to significant capital, such as domestic and foreign corporations and financial institutions, publicly traded and privately held REITs, private institutional investment funds, investment banking firms, life insurance companies and pension funds.
Competition may reduce the number of properties available for acquisition or development or increase the price for raw land or developed properties of the type in which the Company invests. The Company faces competition in providing leases to prospective tenants and in re-letting space to current tenants upon expiration of their respective leases. If tenants decide not to renew or extend their leases upon expiration, the Company may not be able to re-let the space. Even if the tenants do renew or the Company can re-let the space, the terms of renewal or re-letting, including the cost of required renovations, may be less favorable than current lease terms or than expectations for the space. This risk may be magnified if the properties owned by our competitors have lower occupancy rates than the Company’s properties. As a result, these competitors may be willing to make space available at lower prices than the space in the Current Portfolio Properties.
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Management believes that success in the competition for ownership and leasing property is dependent in part upon the geographic location of the property, the tenant mix, the performance of property managers, the amount of new construction in the area and the maintenance and appearance of the property. Additional competitive factors impacting the Company’s properties include the ease of access to the properties, the adequacy of related facilities such as parking, and the demographic characteristics in the markets in which the properties compete. Overall economic circumstances and trends and new properties in the vicinity of each of the Current Portfolio Properties are also competitive factors.
Finally, retailers at our Shopping Centers face increasing competition from outlet stores, online retailers, discount shopping clubs and other forms of marketing goods, such as direct mail, internet marketing and telemarketing. This competition may reduce percentage rents payable to us and may contribute to lease defaults or insolvency of tenants.
Human Capital
As of December 31, 2020, the Company had approximately 60 full-time equivalent corporate employees and 50 full-time employees and nine part-time employees at its properties. None of our employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit. We believe that our relationship with our employees is good.
The Company is committed to equal employment opportunities and does not discriminate against any person based on race, color, religion, gender, national origin, age, disability, sexual orientation or gender preference. The Company encourages employee wellness in every aspect of life, including physical fitness, mental well-being and social connectedness. We annually hold several in-house training programs that focus on communication, self-awareness, delegation, feedback, accountability, team dynamics and other skills that provide our employees with personal growth opportunities. We support the continuing education of our employees through (a) reimbursement of the cost of seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees at colleges and universities and (b) reimbursement of costs related to seminars, conferences and workshops. We recently launched a program that we call LEAD that enhances our other training and education programs by providing our talented employees with the tools necessary to effectively lead and manage. We manage an internship program to support the development of future real estate professionals.
Government Regulation Affecting Our Properties
The Current Portfolio Properties are subject to various laws and regulations relating to environmental and pollution controls. The impact upon the Company from the application of such laws and regulations either prospectively or retrospectively is not expected to have a materially adverse effect on the Company’s property operations. As a matter of policy, the Company requires an environmental study be performed with respect to a property that may be subject to possible environmental hazards prior to its acquisition to ascertain that there are no material environmental hazards associated with such property.
See "Item 1A. Risk Factors — Risk Factors Related to our REIT Status and Other Laws and Regulations" for further discussion of potential material effects of our compliance with government regulations, including environmental regulations and the rules governing REITS.
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Recent Developments
The Company completed construction of The Waycroft, a project with 491 apartment units and 60,000 square feet of retail space on 2.8 acres of land located on North Glebe Road in Arlington, Virginia, and apartment occupancy commenced in April 2020. The total cost of the project, including acquisition of land, is expected to be approximately $279.0 million. A portion of the cost is being financed with a $157.0 million construction-to-permanent loan. Including approximately $19.1 million of capitalized interest and costs of $1.5 million which are accrued and unpaid, costs incurred through December 31, 2020 total approximately $277.3 million, of which $146.1 million has been financed by the loan. Leases have been executed for a 41,500 square foot Target and 12,600 square feet of retail shop space, resulting in approximately 90% of the planned retail space being leased. Target began operating in August 2020 and 2,400 square feet of retail space became operational during the third quarter of 2020. Applications have been received for 431 residential leases, totaling approximately 88% of the available units, with 380 units occupied as of February 23, 2021.
Albertson's/Safeway is currently a tenant at seven of the Company's shopping centers, two locations of which are subleased to other grocers. In February 2017, the Company terminated the lease with Albertson's/Safeway at Broadlands Village. The Company executed a lease with Aldi Food Market for 20,000 square feet of this space, which opened in November 2017, and has executed a lease with LA Fitness for substantially all of the remaining space, which opened for business in June 2020.
In the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company substantially completed construction of a 16,000 square foot small shop expansion at Burtonsville Town Square and construction of interior improvements for the final two tenants is nearing completion. Delivery of the first leased tenant spaces occurred in late 2018, and tenant openings began in the first quarter of 2019. The total development cost was $5.7 million. Leases have been executed for all of the space. In addition, Taco Bell leased a pad site within the property, constructed a free-standing building, and began operations in August 2020.
In May 2018, the Company acquired from the Saul Trust, in exchange for 176,680 limited partnership units, approximately 13.7 acres of land located at the intersection of Ashburn Village Boulevard and Russell Branch Parkway in Ashburn, Virginia. The Company has substantially completed construction of Ashbrook Marketplace, an approximately 86,000 square foot neighborhood shopping center. A 29,000 square foot Lidl grocery store opened in November 2019, and the shopping center is 100% leased. The first small shop opened for business in April 2020, and all tenants, except one 3,231 square foot shop tenant and the free standing and under construction Bourbon restaurant, were open and paying rent as of February 23, 2021. The Company may be obligated to issue additional limited partnership units to the Saul Trust in the second quarter of 2021. As of December 31, 2020, the Company estimates this obligation to range in value from $3.3 million to $3.6 million, based on projected net operating income of Ashbrook Marketplace for the 12 months ending May 31, 2021.
In September 2018, the Company purchased for $35.5 million, plus $0.7 million of acquisition costs, an office building and the underlying ground located at 7316 Wisconsin Avenue, in Bethesda, Maryland. In December 2018, the Company purchased for $4.5 million, including acquisition costs, an interest in an adjacent parcel of land and retail building. The purchase price was funded through the Company's revolving credit facility. The Company has completed development plans for the combined property, known as Hampden House (formerly 7316 Wisconsin Avenue), for the development of up to 366 apartment units and 10,300 square feet of retail space. In June 2020, the Montgomery County Planning Commission unanimously approved the Company's amended site plan. Design and construction documents are being prepared. Approval from the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority was received in 2020 and the approval from Maryland Transit Administration is in process and is expected to be received by the fourth quarter of 2021. Effective September 1, 2019, the asset was removed from service and transferred to construction in progress. The Company has completed interior demolition in preparation for future development. The timing of construction will depend on issuance of final building permits and market conditions.
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On November 5, 2019, the Company entered into an agreement (the "Contribution Agreement") to acquire from the Saul Trust, approximately 6.8 acres of land and its leasehold interest in approximately 1.3 acres of contiguous land, together in each case with the improvements located thereon, located at the Twinbrook Metro Station in Rockville, Maryland (the “Contributed Property”). In exchange for the Contributed Property, the Company will issue to the Saul Trust 1,416,071 limited partnership units. In connection with the contribution, the Company is obligated to reimburse the Saul Trust for certain pre-development and carrying costs incurred by the Saul Trust subsequent to the date of the Contribution Agreement, which total approximately $6.1 million as of December 31, 2020. Deed to the Contributed Property and the units were placed in escrow until certain conditions of the Contribution Agreement are satisfied.
The Company, as contract purchaser, received unanimous approval of the project plan from the City of Rockville in June 2019 and unanimous approval of the site plan for Phase I of the Twinbrook Quarter development in August 2020. A single petitioner has appealed the approved site plan to the Circuit Court for Montgomery County, Maryland and that appeal is ongoing. The approved site plan provides for development up to a 92,000 square foot grocery store, for which a lease has been executed with Wegmans for 80,000 square feet, 29,000 square feet of retail shop space, 460 residential units and 270,000 square feet of office space. The phasing of these improvements and the timing of construction will depend on removal of contingencies, favorable resolution of the site plan appeal, building permit approval and market conditions.
Together with the adjacent 13.1 acre site already owned by the Company, the development potential of the entire 18.4 acre Twinbrook Quarter site totals 1,865 residential units, 473,000 square feet of retail space, and 431,000 square feet of office space.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors
RISK FACTORS
Carefully consider the following risks and all of the other information set forth in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto. If any of the events or developments described below were actually to occur, the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations could be adversely affected.
In this section, unless the context indicates otherwise, the terms “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Saul Centers, Inc., and its subsidiaries, including the Operating Partnership.
Risk Factors Related to our Real Estate Investments and Operations
The current outbreak of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”), or the future outbreak or pandemic of any other highly infectious or contagious diseases, could have a material and adverse effect on or cause disruption to our business or financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and the market value and trading price of our securities.

    On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic, and on March 13, 2020, the United States declared a national emergency with respect to COVID-19. As a result, the COVID-19 pandemic is negatively affecting almost every industry directly or indirectly. Many of our tenants have announced mandated or temporary closures of their operations and/or have requested adjustments to their lease terms during this pandemic. Experts predict that the CO
VID-19 pandemic will trigger a period of global economic slowdown or a global recession. COVID-19 (or a future pandemic) could have a material and adverse effect on or cause disruption to our business or financial condition, results from operations, cash flows and the market value and trading price of our securities due to, among other factors:

a complete or partial closure of, or other operational issues at, our properties as a result of government or tenant action;
declines in or instability of the economy or financial markets that may result in a recession or negatively impact consumer discretionary spending, which could adversely affect retailers and consumers;
reduction of economic activity that severely impacts our tenants' business operations, financial condition and liquidity and may cause one or more of our tenants to be unable to meet their obligations to us in full, or at all, to default on their lease, or to otherwise seek modifications of such obligations;
inability to access debt and equity capital on favorable terms, if at all, and a severe disruption and instability in the global financial markets or deteriorations in credit and financing conditions may affect our access to capital necessary to fund business operations, pursue acquisition and development opportunities, refinance existing debt, reduce our ability to make cash distributions to our stockholders and increase our future interest expense;
a general decline in business activity and demand for real estate transactions could adversely affect our ability to successfully execute investment strategies or expand our property portfolio;
a significant reduction in our cash flows could impact our ability to continue paying cash dividends to our common and preferred stockholders at expected levels or at all;
the financial impact of COVID-19 could negatively affect our future compliance with financial and other covenants of our credit facility and other debt instruments, and the failure to comply with such covenants could result in a default that accelerates the payment of such indebtedness;
the continued service and availability of personnel, including our executive officers and Board of Directors, and our ability to recruit, attract and retain skilled personnel, to the extent our management, Board of Directors or personnel are impacted in significant numbers by the outbreak of pandemic or epidemic disease and are not available or allowed to conduct work, could negatively impact our business and operating results; and
our ability to ensure business continuity in the event our continuity of operations plan is not effective or is improperly implemented or deployed during a disruption.
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The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our operations and those of our tenants will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, including the scope, severity and duration of the outbreak, the actions taken to contain the outbreak or mitigate its impact, and the direct and indirect economic effects of the outbreak and containment measures, among others. For example, as of December 31, 2020, approximately 20% of base rent is generated from tenants in lines of trade that have been significantly impacted by mandated temporary closures or other social-distancing guidelines issued by federal, state and local governments including:
Beauty services and dry cleaners (6%),
Apparel and footwear (4%),
Full service restaurants (3%),
Health and fitness (3%),
Specialty retail (3%), and
Other (1%)

A prolonged imposition of mandated temporary closures or other social-distancing guidelines may adversely impact the ability of these tenants to generate sufficient revenues, and may cause tenants to request additional rent deferrals, and in limited cases, default on their leases, or result in the bankruptcy or insolvency of tenants, which would diminish our ability to receive rental revenue that is owed under their leases. The rapid development and fluidity of this situation precludes any prediction as to the ultimate adverse impact of COVID-19. Nevertheless, COVID-19 presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to our performance, business or financial condition, results from operations and cash flows.
Revenue from our properties may be reduced or limited if the retail operations of our tenants are not successful.
Adverse changes in consumer spending or consumer preferences for particular goods, services or store based retailing could severely impact our tenants’ ability to pay rent. Revenue from our properties depends primarily on the ability of our tenants to pay the full amount of rent due under their leases on a timely basis. The amount of rent we receive from our tenants generally will depend in part on the success of our tenants’ retail operations, making us vulnerable to general economic downturns and other conditions affecting the retail industry. Some tenants may terminate their occupancy due to an inability to operate profitably for an extended period of time, impacting the Company’s ability to maintain occupancy levels.
Any reduction in our tenants’ ability to pay base rent or percentage rent may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. Small business tenants and anchor retailers which lease space in the Company’s properties may experience a deterioration in their sales or other revenue, or experience a constraint on the availability of credit necessary to fund operations, which in turn may adversely impact those tenants’ ability to pay contractual base rents and operating expense recoveries. Some of our leases provide for the payment, in addition to base rent, of additional rent above the base amount according to a specified percentage of the gross sales generated by the tenants. Decreasing sales revenue by retail tenants could adversely impact the Company’s receipt of percentage rents required to be paid by tenants under certain leases.
We may be unable to collect balances due from tenants that file for bankruptcy protection.
If a tenant or lease guarantor files for bankruptcy, we may not be able to collect all pre-petition amounts owed by that party. In addition, a tenant that files for bankruptcy protection may terminate our lease in which event we would have a general unsecured claim that would likely be for less than the full amount owed to us for the remainder of the lease term, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Our ability to increase our net income depends on the success and continued presence of our shopping center “anchor” tenants and other significant tenants.
Our net income could be adversely affected in the event of a downturn in the business, or the bankruptcy or insolvency, of any anchor store or anchor tenant. Our largest shopping center anchor tenant is Giant Food, which accounted for 5.4% of our total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020. The closing of one or more anchor stores prior to the expiration of the lease of that store or the termination of a lease by one or more of a property’s anchor tenants could adversely affect that property and result in lease terminations by, or reductions in rent from, other tenants whose leases may permit termination or rent reduction in those circumstances or whose own operations may suffer as a result. This could reduce our net income.

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We may experience difficulty or delay in renewing leases or leasing vacant space.
We derive most of our revenue directly or indirectly from rent received from our tenants. We are subject to the risks that, upon expiration, leases for space in our properties may not be renewed, the space and other vacant space may not be re-leased, or the terms of renewal or re-lease, including the cost of required renovations or concessions to tenants, may be less favorable than previous lease terms. Constraints on the availability of credit to office and retail tenants, necessary to purchase and install improvements, fixtures and equipment, and fund start-up business expenses, could impact the Company’s ability to procure new tenants for spaces currently vacant in existing operating properties or properties under development. As a result, our results of operations and our net income could be reduced.
Our development activities are inherently risky.
The ground-up development of improvements on real property, which is different from the renovation and redevelopment of existing improvements, presents substantial risks. In addition to the risks associated with real estate investment in general as described elsewhere, the risks associated with our remaining development activities include:
significant time lag between commencement and completion subjects us to greater risks due to fluctuation in the general economy;
failure or inability to obtain construction or permanent financing on favorable terms;
expenditure of money and time on projects that may never be completed;
inability to achieve projected rental rates or anticipated pace of lease-up;
higher-than-estimated construction costs, including labor and material costs; and
possible delay in completion of the project because of a number of factors, including weather, labor disruptions, construction delays or delays in receipt of zoning or other regulatory approvals, or acts of God (such as fires, earthquakes or floods).
Developments, redevelopments and acquisitions may fail to perform as expected.
Our investment strategy includes the redevelopment and acquisition of community and neighborhood shopping centers that are anchored by supermarkets, drugstores or high volume, value-oriented retailers that provide consumer necessities. The redevelopment and acquisition of properties entails risks that include the following, any of which could adversely affect our results of operations and our ability to meet our obligations:
our estimate of the costs to improve, reposition or redevelop a property may prove to be too low, and, as a result, the property may fail to achieve the returns we have projected, either temporarily or for a longer time;
we may not be able to identify suitable properties to acquire or may be unable to complete the acquisition of the properties we identify;
we may not be able to integrate new developments or acquisitions into our existing operations successfully;
properties we redevelop or acquire may fail to achieve the occupancy or rental rates we project at the time we make the decision to invest, which may result in the properties’ failure to achieve the returns we projected;
our pre-acquisition evaluation of the physical condition of each new investment may not detect certain defects or identify necessary repairs until after the property is acquired, which could significantly increase our total acquisition costs; and
our investigation of a property or building prior to our acquisition, and any representations we may receive from the seller, may fail to reveal various liabilities, which could reduce the cash flow from the property or increase our acquisition cost.
Our performance and value are subject to general risks associated with the real estate industry.
Our economic performance and the value of our real estate assets, and, consequently, the value of our investments, are subject to the risk that if our properties do not generate revenue sufficient to meet our operating expenses, including debt service and capital expenditures, our cash flow and ability to pay distributions to our stockholders will be adversely affected. As a real estate company, we are susceptible to the following real estate industry risks:
economic downturns in the areas where our properties are located;
adverse changes in local real estate market conditions, such as oversupply or reduction in demand;
changes in tenant preferences that reduce the attractiveness of our properties to tenants;
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zoning or regulatory restrictions;
decreases in market rental rates;
weather conditions that may increase energy costs and other operating expenses;
costs associated with the need to periodically repair, renovate and re-lease space; and
increases in the cost of adequate maintenance, insurance and other operating costs, including real estate taxes, associated with one or more properties, which may occur even when circumstances such as market factors and competition cause a reduction in revenue from one or more properties, although real estate taxes typically do not increase upon a reduction in such revenue.
Geographic concentration of our portfolio may make us particularly susceptible to adverse economic developments in the real estate markets of those areas.
Approximately 85% of our property operating income is generated by properties in the metropolitan Washington, DC/Baltimore area. As a result, our financial condition, operating results and ability to make distributions could be materially and adversely impacted by significant adverse economic changes affecting the real estate markets in that area. In turn, our common stock is subject to greater risk vis-a-vis other enterprises whose portfolio contains greater geographic diversity.
Our results of operations may be negatively affected by adverse trends in the retail and office real estate sectors.
Tenants at our retail properties face continual competition in attracting customers from Internet shopping, retailers at other shopping centers, catalogue companies, online merchants, television shopping networks, warehouse stores, large discounters, outlet malls, wholesale clubs, direct mail and telemarketers. Such competition could have a material adverse effect on our ability to lease space in our retail properties and on the rents we can charge or the concessions we can grant. This in turn could materially and adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows, and could affect the realizable value of our assets upon sale. Further, as new technologies emerge, the relationships among customers, retailers, and shopping centers are evolving rapidly and it is critical we adapt to such new technologies and relationships on a timely basis. We may be unable to adapt quickly and effectively, which could adversely impact our financial performance.
Some businesses are rapidly evolving to make employee telecommuting, flexible work schedules, open workplaces and teleconferencing increasingly common. These practices enable businesses to reduce their space requirements. A continuation of the movement towards these practices could over time erode the overall demand for office space and, in turn, place downward pressure on occupancy, rental rates and property valuations, each of which could have an adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows and ability to make distributions to our stockholders.
Many real estate costs are fixed, even if income from our properties decreases.
Our financial results depend primarily on leasing space in our properties to tenants on terms favorable to us. Costs associated with real estate investment, such as real estate taxes and maintenance costs, generally are not reduced even when a property is not fully occupied, rental rates decrease, or other circumstances cause a reduction in income from the investment. As a result, cash flow from the operations of our properties may be reduced if a tenant does not pay its rent or we are unable to rent our properties on favorable terms. Under those circumstances, we might not be able to enforce our rights as landlord without delays, and may incur substantial legal costs. Additionally, new properties that we may acquire or develop may not produce any significant revenue immediately, and the cash flow from existing operations may be insufficient to pay the operating expenses and debt service associated with that property until the property is fully leased.
Competition may limit our ability to purchase new properties and generate sufficient income from tenants.
Numerous commercial developers and real estate companies compete with us in seeking tenants for properties and properties for acquisition. This competition may:
reduce properties available for acquisition;
increase the cost of properties available for acquisition;
reduce rents payable to us;
interfere with our ability to attract and retain tenants;
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lead to increased vacancy rates at our properties; and
adversely affect our ability to minimize expenses of operation.
Retailers at our shopping center properties also face increasing competition from outlet stores, discount shopping clubs, and other forms of marketing of goods, such as direct mail, internet marketing and telemarketing. This competition may reduce percentage rents payable to us and may contribute to lease defaults and insolvency of tenants. If we are unable to continue to attract appropriate retail tenants to our properties, or to purchase new properties in our geographic markets, it could materially affect our ability to generate net income, service our debt and make distributions to our stockholders.
We may be unable to sell properties when appropriate because real estate investments are illiquid.
Real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly. In addition, there are some limitations under federal income tax laws applicable to real estate and to REITs in particular that may limit our ability to sell our assets. We may not be able to alter our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions. Our inability to respond quickly to adverse changes in the performance of our investments could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet our obligations and make distributions to our stockholders.

Risk Factors Related to our Funding Strategies and Capital Structure

We have substantial relationships with members of the Saul Organization whose interests could conflict with the interests of other stockholders.
Influence of Officers, Directors and Significant Stockholders.
Three of our executive officers, Mr. B. F. Saul II, our Executive Vice President of Real Estate, D. Todd Pearson, and our Executive Vice President-Chief Legal and Administrative Officer, Christine Nicolaides Kearns, are members of the Saul Organization, and persons associated with the Saul Organization constitute five of the eleven members of our Board of Directors. In addition, as of December 31, 2020, Mr. B. F. Saul II had the potential to exercise control over 10,362,090 shares of our common stock representing 44.4% of our issued and outstanding shares of common stock. Mr. B. F. Saul II also beneficially owned, as of December 31, 2020, 7,938,495 units of the Operating Partnership. In general, these units are convertible into shares of our common stock on a one-for-one basis. The ownership limitation set forth in our articles of incorporation is 39.9% in value of our issued and outstanding equity securities (which includes both common and preferred stock). As of December 31, 2020, Mr. B. F. Saul II and members of the Saul Organization owned common stock representing approximately 35.8% in value of all our issued and outstanding equity securities. Members of the Saul Organization are permitted under our articles of incorporation to convert Operating Partnership units into shares of common stock or acquire additional shares of common stock until the Saul Organization’s actual ownership of common stock reaches 39.9% in value of our equity securities. As of December 31, 2020, approximately 1,947,000 of the 7,938,495 units of the Operating Partnership would have been permitted to convert into additional shares of common stock, and would have resulted in Mr. B. F. Saul II and members of the Saul Organization owning common stock representing approximately 39.9% in value of all our issued and outstanding equity securities.
As a result of these relationships, members of the Saul Organization will be in a position to exercise significant influence over our affairs, which influence might not be consistent with the interests of some, or a majority, of our stockholders. Except as discussed below, we do not have any written policies or procedures for the review, approval or ratification of transactions with related persons.
Management Time.
Our Chief Executive Officer and President, Executive Vice President of Real Estate, Executive Vice President-Chief Legal and Administrative Officer and Senior Vice President-Chief Accounting Officer are also officers of various entities of the Saul Organization. Although we believe that these officers spend sufficient management time to meet their responsibilities as our officers, the amount of management time devoted to us will depend on our specific circumstances at any given point in time. As a result, in a given period, these officers may spend less than a majority of their management time on our matters. Over extended periods of time, we believe that our Chief Executive Officer and President will spend less than a majority of his management time on Company matters, while our Executive Vice President of Real Estate, Executive Vice President-Chief Legal and Administrative Officer and Senior Vice President-Chief Accounting Officer may or may not spend less than a majority of their time on our matters.
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Exclusivity and Right of First Refusal Agreements.
We will acquire, develop, own and manage shopping center properties and will own and manage other commercial properties, and, subject to certain exclusivity agreements and rights of first refusal to which we are a party, the Saul Organization will continue to develop, acquire, own and manage commercial properties and own land suitable for development as, among other things, shopping centers and other commercial properties. Therefore, conflicts could develop in the allocation of acquisition and development opportunities with respect to commercial properties other than shopping centers and with respect to development sites, as well as potential tenants and other matters, between us and the Saul Organization. The agreement relating to exclusivity and the right of first refusal between us and the Saul Organization generally requires the Saul Organization to conduct its shopping center business exclusively through us and to grant us a right of first refusal to purchase commercial properties and development sites in certain market areas that become available to the Saul Organization. The Saul Organization has granted the right of first refusal to us, acting through our independent directors, in order to minimize potential conflicts with respect to commercial properties and development sites. We and the Saul Organization have entered into this agreement in order to minimize conflicts with respect to shopping centers and certain of our commercial properties.
We own real estate assets in the Twinbrook area of Rockville, Maryland, which are adjacent to real estate assets owned by the Saul Trust, a member of the Saul Organization. We have entered into an agreement with the Saul Trust, which originally expired on December 31, 2015, and which was extended to December 31, 2016, to share, on a pro rata basis, third-party predevelopment costs related to the planning of the future development of the adjacent sites. On December 8, 2016, we entered into a replacement agreement with the Saul Trust which extended the expiration date to December 31, 2017 and provides for automatic twelve month renewals unless either party provides notice of termination. Conflicts with respect to payments and allocations of costs may arise under the agreement.
On November 5, 2019, the Company entered into a Contribution Agreement to acquire the Contributed Property from the Saul Trust. In exchange for the Contributed Property, the Company will issue to the Saul Trust 1,416,071 limited partnership units. In connection with the contribution, the Company is obligated to reimburse the Saul Trust for certain pre-development and carrying costs incurred by the Saul Trust subsequent to the date of the Contribution Agreement, which total approximately $6.1 million as of December 31, 2020. Deed to the Contributed Property and the units were placed in escrow until certain conditions of the Contribution Agreement are satisfied.
Shared Services.
We share with the Saul Organization certain ancillary functions, such as computer and payroll services, benefits administration and in-house legal services. The terms of all sharing arrangements, including payments related thereto, are reviewed periodically by our Audit Committee, which is comprised solely of independent directors. Included in our general and administrative expenses or capitalized to specific development projects, for the year ended December 31, 2020, are charges totaling $7.4 million, net, related to such shared services, which included rental payments for the Company’s headquarters lease, which were billed by the Saul Organization. Although we believe that the amounts allocated to us for such shared services represent a fair allocation between us and the Saul Organization, we have not obtained a third party appraisal of the value of these services.
The B. F. Saul Insurance Agency of Maryland, Inc., a subsidiary of the B. F. Saul Company and a member of the Saul Organization, is a general insurance agency that receives commissions and counter-signature fees in connection with our insurance program. Such commissions and fees amounted to approximately $427,700 for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Related Party Rents.
We sublease space for our corporate headquarters from a member of the Saul Organization, the building of which is owned by another member of the Saul Organization. The lease commenced in March 2002 and expires in February 2022. The Company and the Saul Organization entered into a Shared Services Agreement whereby each party pays a portion of the total rental payments based on a percentage proportionate to the number of employees employed by each party. The Company’s rent expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $799,300. Although the Company believes that this lease has terms comparable to what would have been obtained from a third party landlord, it did not seek bid proposals from any independent third parties when entering into its new corporate headquarters lease.
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Conflicts Based on Individual Tax Considerations.
The tax basis of members of the Saul Organization in our portfolio properties which were contributed to certain partnerships at the time of our initial public offering in 1993 was substantially less than the fair market value thereof at the time of their contribution. In the event of our disposition of such properties, a disproportionately large share of the gain for federal income tax purposes would be allocated to members of the Saul Organization. In addition, future reductions of the level of our debt, or future releases of the guarantees or indemnities with respect thereto by members of the Saul Organization, would cause members of the Saul Organization to be considered, for federal income tax purposes, to have received constructive distributions. Depending on the overall level of debt and other factors, these distributions could be in excess of the Saul Organization’s basis in their Partnership units, in which case such excess constructive distributions would be taxable.
Consequently, it is in the interests of the Saul Organization that we continue to hold the contributed portfolio properties, that a portion of our debt remains outstanding or is refinanced and that the Saul Organization guarantees and indemnities remain in place, in order to defer the taxable gain to members of the Saul Organization. Therefore, the Saul Organization may seek to cause us to retain the contributed portfolio properties, and to refrain from reducing our debt or releasing the Saul Organization guarantees and indemnities, even when such action may not be in the interests of some, or a majority, of our stockholders. In order to minimize these conflicts, decisions as to sales of the portfolio properties, or any refinancing, repayment or release of guarantees and indemnities with respect to our debt, will be made by the independent directors.
Ability to Block Certain Actions.
Under applicable law and the limited partnership agreement of the Operating Partnership, consent of the limited partners is required to permit certain actions, including the sale of all or substantially all of the Operating Partnership’s assets. Therefore, members of the Saul Organization, through their status as limited partners in the Operating Partnership, could prevent the taking of any such actions, even if they were in the interests of some, or a majority, of our stockholders.
The amount of debt we have and the restrictions imposed by that debt could adversely affect our business and financial condition.
As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately $1.2 billion of debt outstanding, $980.8 million of which was long-term fixed-rate debt secured by 35 of our properties and $179.5 million of which was variable-rate debt due under our credit facility.
We currently have a general policy of limiting our borrowings to 50% of asset value, i.e., the value of our portfolio, as determined by our Board of Directors by reference to the aggregate annualized cash flow from our portfolio. Our organizational documents contain no limitation on the amount or percentage of indebtedness which we may incur. Therefore, the Board of Directors could alter or eliminate the current limitation on borrowing at any time. If our debt capitalization policy were changed, we could increase our leverage, resulting in an increase in debt service that could adversely affect our operating cash flow and our ability to make expected distributions to stockholders, and in an increased risk of default on our obligations.
We have established our debt capitalization policy relative to asset value, which is computed by reference to the aggregate annualized cash flow from the properties in our portfolio rather than relative to book value. We have used a measure tied to cash flow because we believe that the book value of our portfolio properties, which is the depreciated historical cost of the properties, does not accurately reflect our ability to borrow. Asset value, however, is somewhat more variable than book value, and may not at all times reflect the fair market value of the underlying properties.
The amount of our debt outstanding from time to time could have important consequences to our stockholders. For example, it could:
require us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to payments on our debt, thereby reducing funds available for operations, property acquisitions and other appropriate business opportunities that may arise in the future;
limit our ability to obtain any additional financing we may need in the future for working capital, debt refinancing, capital expenditures, acquisitions, development or other general corporate purposes;
make it difficult to satisfy our debt service requirements;
limit our ability to make distributions on our outstanding common and preferred stock;
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require us to dedicate increased amounts of our cash flow from operations to payments on our variable rate, unhedged debt if interest rates rise;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the factors that affect the profitability of our business, which may place us at a disadvantage compared to competitors with less debt or debt with less restrictive terms; and
limit our ability to obtain any additional financing we may need in the future for working capital, debt refinancing, capital expenditures, acquisitions, development or other general corporate purposes.
Our ability to make scheduled payments of the principal of, to pay interest on, or to refinance, our indebtedness will depend primarily on our future performance, which to a certain extent is subject to economic, financial, competitive and other factors described in this section. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow from our business in the future to service our debt or meet our other cash needs, we may be required to refinance all or a portion of our existing debt, sell assets or obtain additional financing to meet our debt obligations and other cash needs. Our ability to refinance, sell assets or obtain additional financing may not be possible on terms that we would find acceptable.
We are obligated to comply with financial and other covenants in our debt that could restrict our operating activities, and the failure to comply could result in defaults that accelerate the payment under our debt.
Our secured debt generally contains customary covenants, including, among others, provisions:
relating to the maintenance of the property securing the debt;
restricting our ability to assign or further encumber the properties securing the debt; and
restricting our ability to enter into certain new leases or to amend or modify certain existing leases without obtaining consent of the lenders.
Our unsecured debt generally contains various restrictive covenants. The covenants in our unsecured debt include, among others, provisions restricting our ability to:
incur additional unsecured debt;
guarantee additional debt;
make certain distributions, investments and other restricted payments, including distribution payments on our outstanding stock;
create certain liens;
increase our overall secured and unsecured borrowing beyond certain levels; and
consolidate, merge or sell all or substantially all of our assets.
Our ability to meet some of the covenants in our debt, including covenants related to the condition of the property or payment of real estate taxes, may be dependent on the performance by our tenants under their leases.
In addition, our credit facility requires us and our subsidiaries to satisfy financial covenants. The material financial covenants require us, on a consolidated basis, to:
limit the amount of debt as a percentage of gross asset value, as defined in the loan agreement, to less than 60% (leverage ratio);
limit the amount of debt so that interest coverage will exceed 2.0x on a trailing four-quarter basis (interest expense coverage); and
limit the amount of debt so that interest, scheduled principal amortization and preferred dividend coverage exceeds 1.4x on a trailing four-quarter basis (fixed charge coverage).
As of December 31, 2020, we were in compliance with all such covenants. If we were to breach any of our debt covenants and did not cure the breach within any applicable cure period, our lenders could require us to repay the debt immediately, and, if the debt is secured, could immediately begin proceedings to take possession of the property securing the loan. Some of our debt arrangements are cross-defaulted, which means that the lenders under those debt arrangements can put us in default and require immediate repayment of their debt if we breach and fail to cure a covenant under certain of our other debt obligations. As a result, any default under our debt covenants could have an adverse effect on our financial condition, our results of operations, our ability to meet our obligations and the market value of our shares.

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The market value of our debt and equity securities is subject to various factors that may cause significant fluctuations or volatility.
As with other publicly traded securities, the market price of our debt and equity securities depends on various factors, which may change from time to time and/or may be unrelated to our financial condition, operating performance or prospects that may cause significant fluctuations or volatility in such prices. These factors include, among others:
general economic and financial market conditions;
level and trend of interest rates;
our ability to access the capital markets to raise additional capital;
the issuance of additional equity or debt securities;
changes in our funds from operations (“FFO”) or earnings estimates;
changes in our credit or analyst ratings;
our financial condition and performance;
market perception of our business compared to other REITs; and
market perception of REITs, in general, compared to other investment alternatives.
The phase-out of LIBOR could affect interest rates under our variable rate debt and interest rate swap arrangements.
LIBOR is used as a reference rate for our revolving credit facility, certain mortgage payables, and in our interest rate swap arrangements. On July 27, 2017, the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority announced it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. On November 30, 2020, the ICE Benchmark Administration announced its plan to extend the date that most U.S. LIBOR values would cease being computed and published from December 31, 2021 to June 30, 2023. The Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York organized the Alternative Reference Rates Committee which identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) as its preferred alternative to U.S. dollar LIBOR in derivatives and other financial contracts. At this time, we cannot predict the effect of any discontinuance, modification or other reforms to LIBOR or whether SOFR or another alternative reference rate will attain market traction as a LIBOR replacement. As LIBOR is phased out, we will need to agree upon a benchmark replacement index with the bank, and as such the interest rate on our revolving credit facility and certain mortgage payables may change. The new rate may not be as favorable as those in effect prior to any LIBOR phase-out. Furthermore, the transition process may result in delays in funding, higher interest expense, additional expenses, and increased volatility in markets for instruments that currently rely on LIBOR, all of which could negatively impact our cash flow.
Our ability to grow will be limited if we cannot obtain additional capital.
Our growth strategy includes the redevelopment of properties we already own and the acquisition of additional properties. Because we are required to distribute to our stockholders at least 90% of our taxable income each year to continue to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes, in addition to our undistributed operating cash flow, we rely upon the availability of debt or equity capital to fund our growth, which financing may or may not be available on favorable terms or at all. The debt could include mortgage loans from third parties or the sale of debt securities. Equity capital could include our common stock or preferred stock. Additional financing, refinancing or other capital may not be available in the amounts we desire or on favorable terms. Our access to debt or equity capital depends on a number of factors, including the general state of the capital markets, the market’s perception of our growth potential, our ability to pay dividends, and our current and potential future earnings. Depending on the outcome of these factors, we could experience delay or difficulty in implementing our growth strategy on satisfactory terms, or be unable to implement this strategy.

Risk Factors Related to our REIT Status and Other Laws and Regulations
Environmental laws and regulations could reduce the value or profitability of our properties.
All real property and the operations conducted on real property are subject to federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations relating to hazardous materials, environmental protection and human health and safety. Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, we and our tenants may be required to investigate and clean up certain hazardous or toxic substances released on or in properties we own or operate, and also may be required to
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pay other costs relating to hazardous or toxic substances. This liability may be imposed without regard to whether we or our tenants knew about the release of these types of substances or were responsible for their release. The presence of contamination or the failure to properly remediate contamination at any of our properties may adversely affect our ability to sell or lease those properties or to borrow using those properties as collateral. The costs or liabilities could exceed the value of the affected real estate. We are not aware of any environmental condition with respect to any of our properties that management believes would have a material adverse effect on our business, assets or results of operations taken as a whole. The uses of any of our properties prior to our acquisition of the property and the building materials used at the property are among the property-specific factors that will affect how the environmental laws are applied to our properties. If we are subject to any material environmental liabilities, the liabilities could adversely affect our results of operations and our ability to meet our obligations.
We cannot predict what other environmental legislation or regulations will be enacted in the future, how existing or future laws or regulations will be administered or interpreted or what environmental conditions may be found to exist on the properties in the future. Compliance with existing and new laws and regulations may require us or our tenants to spend funds to remedy environmental problems. Our tenants, like many of their competitors, have incurred, and will continue to incur, capital and operating expenditures and other costs associated with complying with these laws and regulations, which will adversely affect their potential profitability. Generally, our tenants must comply with environmental laws and meet remediation requirements. Our leases typically impose obligations on our tenants to indemnify us from any compliance costs we may incur as a result of the environmental conditions on the property caused by the tenant. If a tenant fails to or cannot comply, we could be forced to pay these costs. If not addressed, environmental conditions could impair our ability to sell or re-lease the affected properties in the future or result in lower sales prices or rent payments.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (the “ADA”) could require us to take remedial steps with respect to newly acquired properties.
The properties, as commercial facilities, are required to comply with Title III of the ADA. Investigation of a property may reveal non-compliance with the ADA. The requirements of the ADA, or of other federal, state or local laws, also may change in the future and restrict further renovations of our properties with respect to access for disabled persons. Future compliance with the ADA may require expensive changes to the properties.
The revenue generated by our tenants could be negatively affected by various federal, state and local laws to which they are subject.
We and our tenants are subject to a wide range of federal, state and local laws and regulations, such as local licensing requirements, consumer protection laws and state and local fire, life-safety and similar requirements that affect the use of the properties. The leases typically require that each tenant comply with all regulations. Failure to comply could result in fines by governmental authorities, awards of damages to private litigants, or restrictions on the ability to conduct business on such properties. Non-compliance of this sort could reduce our revenue from a tenant, could require us to pay penalties or fines relating to any non-compliance, and could adversely affect our ability to sell or lease a property.
Failure to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes would cause us to be taxed as a corporation, which would substantially reduce funds available for payment of distributions.
We believe that we are organized and qualified as a REIT, and currently intend to operate in a manner that will allow us to continue to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes under the Code. However, the IRS could successfully assert that we are not qualified as such. In addition, we may not remain qualified as a REIT in the future. Qualification as a REIT involves the application of highly technical and complex Code provisions. The complexity of these provisions and of the applicable income tax regulations that have been issued under the Code by the United States Department of Treasury is greater in the case of a REIT that holds its assets in partnership form. Certain facts and circumstances not entirely within our control may affect our ability to qualify as a REIT. For example, in order to qualify as a REIT, at least 95% of our gross income in any year must be derived from qualifying rents and other income. Satisfying this requirement could be difficult, for example, if defaults by tenants were to reduce the amount of income from qualifying rents. Also, we must make annual distributions to stockholders of at least 90% of our net taxable income (excluding capital gains). In addition, new legislation, new regulations, new administrative interpretations or new court decisions may significantly change the tax laws with respect to qualification as a REIT or the federal income tax consequences of such qualification. If we fail to qualify as a REIT:
we would not be allowed a deduction for dividend distributions to stockholders in computing taxable income;
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we would be subject to federal income tax at regular corporate rates;
unless we are entitled to relief under specific statutory provisions, we could not elect to be taxed as a REIT for four taxable years following the year during which we were disqualified;
we could be required to pay significant income taxes, which would substantially reduce the funds available for investment and for distribution to our stockholders for each year in which we failed to qualify; and
we would no longer be required by law to make any distributions to our stockholders.
We believe that the Operating Partnership is treated as a partnership, and not as a corporation, for federal income tax purposes. If the IRS were to challenge successfully the status of the Operating Partnership as a partnership for federal income tax purposes:
the Operating Partnership would be taxed as a corporation;
we would cease to qualify as a REIT for federal income tax purposes; and
the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders would be substantially reduced.
We may be required to incur additional debt to qualify as a REIT.
As a REIT, we must make annual distributions to stockholders of at least 90% of our REIT taxable income. We are subject to income tax on amounts of undistributed REIT taxable income and net capital gain. In addition, we would be subject to a 4% excise tax if we fail to distribute sufficient income to meet a minimum distribution test based on our ordinary income, capital gain and aggregate undistributed income from prior years. We intend to make distributions to stockholders to comply with the Code’s distribution provisions and to avoid federal income and excise tax. We may need to borrow funds to meet our distribution requirements because:
our income may not be matched by our related expenses at the time the income is considered received for purposes of determining taxable income; and
non-deductible capital expenditures or debt service requirements may reduce available cash but not taxable income.
In these circumstances, we might have to borrow funds on unfavorable terms and even if our management believes the market conditions make borrowing financially unattractive.
Legislative, administrative, regulatory or other actions affecting REITs, including positions taken by the IRS, could have a material adverse effect on us and our investors.
The rules dealing with U.S. federal income taxation are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process, and by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) and the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”). Changes to the tax laws or interpretations thereof by the IRS and the Treasury, with or without retroactive application, could materially and adversely affect us and our investors. In particular, additional technical corrections legislation and implementing regulations may be enacted or promulgated in response to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Act”), and substantive legislative changes to the Act are also possible. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, multiple pieces of legislation have already been enacted, including the 2020 CARES Act, and there have also been significant issuances of regulatory and other guidance, and further legislative enactments and other IRS or Treasury action is possible. No prediction can be made as to the likelihood of passage of new tax legislation or other provisions, or the direct or indirect effect on us and our shareholders. Accordingly, such new legislation, Treasury regulations, administrative interpretations or court decisions could significantly and negatively affect our ability to qualify to be taxed as a REIT and/or the U.S. federal income tax consequences to us and our investors of such qualification.
To maintain our status as a REIT, we limit the amount of shares any one stockholder can own.
The Code imposes certain limitations on the ownership of the stock of a REIT. For example, not more than 50% in value of our outstanding shares of capital stock may be owned, actually or constructively, by five or fewer individuals (as defined in the Code). To protect our REIT status, our articles of incorporation restrict beneficial and constructive ownership (defined by reference to various Code provisions) to no more than 2.5% in value of our issued and outstanding equity securities by any single stockholder with the exception of members of the Saul Organization, who are restricted to beneficial and constructive ownership of no more than 39.9% in value of our issued and outstanding equity securities.
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The constructive ownership rules are complex. Shares of our capital stock owned, actually or constructively, by a group of related individuals and/or entities may be treated as constructively owned by one of those individuals or entities. As a result, the acquisition of less than 2.5% or 39.9% in value of our issued and outstanding equity securities, by an individual or entity could cause that individual or entity (or another) to own constructively more than 2.5% or 39.9% in value of the outstanding stock. If that happened, either the transfer or ownership would be void or the shares would be transferred to a charitable trust and then sold to someone who can own those shares without violating the respective ownership limit.
As of December 31, 2020, Mr. B. F. Saul II and members of the Saul Organization owned common stock representing approximately 35.8% in value of all our issued and outstanding equity securities. In addition, members of the Saul Organization beneficially owned Operating Partnership units that are, in general, convertible into our common stock on a one-for-one basis. Members of the Saul Organization are permitted under our articles of incorporation to convert Operating Partnership units into shares of common stock or acquire additional shares of common stock until the Saul Organization’s actual ownership of common stock reaches 39.9% in value of our equity securities.
The Board of Directors may waive these restrictions on a case-by-case basis. The Board has authorized the Company to grant waivers to look-through entities, such as mutual funds, in which shares of equity stock owned by the entity are treated as owned proportionally by individuals who are the beneficial owners of the entity. Even though these entities may own stock in excess of the 2.5% ownership limit, no individual beneficially or constructively would own more than 2.5%. The Board of Directors has agreed to waive the ownership limit with respect to certain mutual funds and similar investors. In addition, the Board of Directors has agreed to waive the ownership limit with respect to certain bank pledgees of shares of our common stock and units issued by the Operating Partnership and held by members of the Saul Organization.
The ownership restrictions may delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change of our control that might involve a premium price for our equity stock or otherwise be in the stockholders’ best interest.

General Risk Factors
Financial and economic conditions may have an adverse impact on us, our tenants’ businesses and our results of operations.

Our business may be affected by market and economic challenges experienced by the U.S. economy or real estate industry as a whole, by the local economic conditions in the markets in which our properties are located, including the impact of high unemployment, volatility in the public equity and debt markets, and international economic conditions. A prolonged deterioration of economic and other market conditions, could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or real estate values, as well as the financial condition of our tenants and lenders, which may expose us to increased risks of default by these parties.

Potential consequences of a prolonged deterioration of economic and other market conditions include:
the financial condition of our tenants, many of which operate in the retail industry, may be adversely affected, which may result in tenant defaults under their leases due to bankruptcy, lack of liquidity, operational failures or for other reasons;
the ability to borrow on terms and conditions that we find acceptable, or at all, may be limited, which could reduce our ability to pursue acquisition and development opportunities and refinance existing debt, reduce our returns from acquisition and development activities and increase our future interest expense;
reduced values of our properties may limit our ability to dispose of assets at attractive prices and may reduce the ability to refinance loans; and
one or more lenders under our credit facility could fail and we may not be able to replace the financing commitment of any such lenders on favorable terms, or at all.
Loss of our key management could adversely affect performance and the value of our common shares.

We are dependent on the efforts of our key management. Although we believe qualified replacements could be found for any departures of key executives, the loss of their services could adversely affect our performance and the value of our common stock.
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Our insurance coverage on our properties may be inadequate.
We carry comprehensive insurance on all of our properties, including insurance for liability, earthquake, fire, flood, terrorism and rental loss. These policies contain coverage limitations. We believe this coverage is of the type and amount customarily obtained for or by an owner of real property assets. We intend to obtain similar insurance coverage on subsequently acquired properties.
As a consequence of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and other significant losses incurred by the insurance industry, the availability of insurance coverage has decreased and the prices for insurance have increased. As a result, we may be unable to renew or duplicate our current insurance coverage in adequate amounts or at reasonable prices. In addition, insurance companies may no longer offer coverage against certain types of losses, such as losses due to terrorist acts and toxic mold, or, if offered, the expense of obtaining these types of insurance may not be justified. We therefore may cease to have insurance coverage against certain types of losses and/or there may be decreases in the limits of insurance available. If an uninsured loss or a loss in excess of our insured limits occurs, we could lose all or a portion of the capital we have invested in a property, as well as the anticipated future revenue from the property, but still remain obligated for any mortgage debt or other financial obligations related to the property. Material losses in excess of insurance proceeds may occur in the future. Also, due to inflation, changes in codes and ordinances, environmental considerations and other factors, it may not be feasible to use insurance proceeds to replace a building after it has been damaged or destroyed. Events such as these could adversely affect our results of operations and our ability to meet our obligations, including distributions to our stockholders.
Natural disasters and climate change could have an adverse impact on our cash flow and operating results.
Climate change may add to the unpredictability and frequency of natural disasters and severe weather conditions and create additional uncertainty as to future trends and exposures. Certain of our operations are located in areas that are subject to natural disasters and severe weather conditions such as hurricanes, droughts, snow storms, floods and fires.  The impact of climate change or the occurrence of natural disasters can delay new development projects, increase investment costs to repair or replace damaged properties, increase operating costs, create additional investment costs to make improvements to existing properties to comply with climate change regulations, increase future property insurance costs, and negatively impact the tenant demand for space.  If insurance is unavailable to us or is unavailable on acceptable terms, or if our insurance is not adequate to cover business interruption or losses from these events, our earnings, liquidity or capital resources could be adversely affected.
We cannot assure you we will continue to pay dividends at historical rates.
Our ability to continue to pay dividends on our common stock at historical rates or to increase our common stock dividend rate will depend on a number of factors, including, among others, the following:
our financial condition and results of future operations;
the performance of lease terms by tenants;
the terms of our loan covenants; and
our ability to acquire, finance, develop or redevelop and lease additional properties at attractive rates.
If we do not maintain or increase the dividend rate on our common stock, it could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock and other securities. Payment of dividends on our common stock may be subject to payment in full of the dividends on any preferred stock or depositary shares and payment of interest on any debt securities we may offer.
Certain tax and anti-takeover provisions of our articles of incorporation and bylaws may inhibit a change of our control.
Certain provisions contained in our articles of incorporation and bylaws and the Maryland General Corporation Law may discourage a third party from making a tender offer or acquisition proposal to us. If this were to happen, it could delay, deter or prevent a change in control or the removal of existing management. These provisions also may delay or prevent the stockholders from receiving a premium for their stock over then-prevailing market prices. These provisions include:
the REIT ownership limit described above;
authorization of the issuance of our preferred stock with powers, preferences or rights to be determined by the Board of Directors;
a staggered, fixed-size Board of Directors consisting of three classes of directors;
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special meetings of our stockholders may be called only by the Chairman of the Board, the president, by a majority of the directors or by stockholders possessing no less than 25% of all the votes entitled to be cast at the meeting;
the Board of Directors, without a stockholder vote, can classify or reclassify unissued shares of preferred stock;
a member of the Board of Directors may be removed only for cause upon the affirmative vote of 75% of the Board of Directors or 75% of the then-outstanding capital stock;
advance notice requirements for proposals to be presented at stockholder meetings; and
the terms of our articles of incorporation regarding business combinations and control share acquisitions.
Cybersecurity risks and cyber incidents could adversely affect our business, disrupt operations and expose us to liabilities to tenants, employees, capital providers and other third parties.
We use information technology and other computer resources to carry out important operational activities and to maintain our business records. As part of our normal business activities, we collect and store certain personal identifying and confidential information relating to our tenants, employees, vendors and suppliers, and maintain operational and financial information related to our business. We have implemented systems and processes intended to address ongoing and evolving cybersecurity risks, secure our information technology, applications and computer systems, and prevent unauthorized access to or loss of sensitive, confidential and personal data. Although we and our service providers employ what we believe are adequate security, disaster recovery and other preventative and corrective measures, our security measures, taken as a whole, may not be sufficient for all possible situations and may be vulnerable to, among other things, hacking, employee error, system error, and faulty password management.
Our ability to conduct our business may be impaired if our information technology resources, including our websites or e-mail systems, are compromised, degraded, damaged or fail, whether due to a virus or other harmful circumstance, intentional penetration or disruption of our information technology resources by a third party, natural disaster, hardware or software corruption or failure or error or poor product or vendor/developer selection (including a failure of security controls incorporated into or applied to such hardware or software), telecommunications system failure, service provider error or failure, intentional or unintentional personnel actions, or lost connectivity to our networked resources. A significant and extended disruption could damage our reputation and cause us to lose tenants and revenues; result in the unintended and/or unauthorized public disclosure or the misappropriation of proprietary, personal identifying and confidential information; and require us to incur significant expenses to address and remediate or otherwise resolve these kinds of issues. The release of confidential information may also lead to litigation or other proceedings against us by affected individuals, business partners and/or regulators, and the outcome of such proceedings, which could include losses, penalties, fines, injunctions, expenses and charges recorded against our earnings and cause us reputational harm, could have a material and adverse effect on our business and consolidated financial statements. In addition, the costs of maintaining adequate protection against data security threats, based on considerations of their evolution, increasing sophistication, pervasiveness and frequency and/or government-mandated standards or obligations regarding protective efforts, could be material to our consolidated financial statements in a particular period or over various periods.
We may amend or revise our business policies without your approval.
Our Board of Directors may amend or revise our operating policies without stockholder approval. Our investment, financing and borrowing policies and policies with respect to all other activities, such as growth, debt, capitalization and operations, are determined by the Board of Directors or those committees or officers to whom the Board of Directors has delegated that authority. The Board of Directors may amend or revise these policies at any time and from time to time at its discretion. A change in these policies could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations, and the market price of our securities.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
We have received no written comments from the Securities and Exchange Commission staff regarding our periodic or current reports in the 180 days preceding December 31, 2020 that remain unresolved.

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Item 2. Properties
Overview
As of December 31, 2020, the Company is the owner, developer and operator of a real estate portfolio composed of 57 operating properties, totaling approximately 9.8 million square feet of gross leasable area (“GLA”), and three development parcels. The properties are located primarily in the Washington, D.C./Baltimore, Maryland metropolitan area. The operating property portfolio is composed of 50 neighborhood and community Shopping Centers, and seven predominantly Mixed-Use Properties totaling approximately 7.9 million and 1.9 million square feet of GLA, respectively. No single property accounted for more than 6% of the total gross leasable area. A majority of the Shopping Centers are anchored by several major tenants and offer primarily day-to-day necessities and services. Thirty-three of the Shopping Centers were anchored by a grocery store. One tenant, Giant Food (5.4%), a tenant at 11 Shopping Centers, individually accounted for 2.5% or more of the Company’s total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020.
The Company expects to hold its properties as long-term investments and it has no maximum period for retention of any investment. It plans to selectively acquire additional income-producing properties and to expand, renovate, and improve its properties when circumstances warrant. See “Item 1. Business—Operating Strategies” and “Business—Capital Policies.”
The Shopping Centers
Community and neighborhood shopping centers typically are anchored by one or more grocery stores, discount department stores or drug stores. These anchors offer day-to-day necessities rather than apparel and luxury goods and, therefore, generate consistent local traffic. By contrast, regional malls generally are larger and typically are anchored by one or more full-service department stores.
In general, the Shopping Centers are seasoned community and neighborhood shopping centers located in well established, highly developed, densely populated, middle and upper income areas. The 2020 average estimated population within a one- and three-mile radius of the Shopping Centers is approximately 15,700 and 97,600, respectively. The 2020 average household income within a one- and three-mile radius of the Shopping Centers is approximately $130,400 and $134,200, respectively, compared to a national average of $90,100. Because the Shopping Centers generally are located in highly developed areas, management believes that there is little likelihood that significant numbers of competing centers will be developed in the future.
The Shopping Center properties range in size from approximately 19,000 to 573,500 square feet of GLA, with six in excess of 300,000 square feet, and average approximately 157,500 square feet.
Lease Expirations of Shopping Center Properties
The following table sets forth, by year of expiration, the aggregate amount of base rent and leasable area for leases in place at the Shopping Centers that the Company owned as of December 31, 2020, for each of the next ten years beginning with 2021, assuming that none of the tenants exercise renewal options and excluding an aggregate of 548,872 square feet of unleased space, which represented 7.0% of the GLA of the Shopping Centers as of December 31, 2020.
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Lease Expirations of Shopping Center Properties
 
Year of Lease ExpirationLeasable
Area
Represented
by Expiring
Leases
 Percentage of Leasable Area Represented by Expiring LeasesAnnual Base
Rent Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
Percentage
of Annual
Base Rent
Under
Expiring
Leases
Annual Base Rent per Square Foot
2021758,419 sf 9.6 %$14,010,003 10.6 %$18.47 
20221,051,228   13.3 %19,672,540 14.8 %18.71 
20231,083,634   13.8 %19,939,149 15.0 %18.40 
2024955,123   12.1 %18,830,820 14.2 %19.72 
2025961,415   12.2 %17,909,883 13.5 %18.63 
2026486,822   6.2 %9,050,597 6.8 %18.59 
2027220,595   2.8 %5,607,017 4.2 %25.42 
2028475,975   6.0 %4,001,604 3.0 %8.41 
2029564,315   7.2 %8,683,939 6.6 %15.39 
2030111,268   1.4 %2,434,264 1.9 %21.88 
Thereafter659,026   8.4 %12,475,719 9.4 %18.93 
Total7,327,820 sf 93.0 %$132,615,535 100.0 %18.10 
 
(1)Calculated using annualized contractual base rent payable as of December 31, 2020 for the expiring GLA, excluding expenses payable by or reimbursable from tenants.
The Mixed-Use Properties
All of the Mixed-Use Properties are located in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area and contain an aggregate GLA of approximately 1.9 million square feet, comprised of 1.0 million and 0.1 million square feet of office and retail space, respectively, and 1,006 apartments. The Mixed-Use Properties represent three distinct styles of facilities, are located in differing commercial environments with distinctive demographic characteristics, and are geographically removed from one another. Accordingly, management believes that the Washington, D.C. area Mixed-Use Properties compete for tenants in different commercial and geographic sub-markets of the metropolitan Washington, D.C. market and do not compete with one another.
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Lease Expirations of Mixed-Use Properties
The following table sets forth, by year of expiration, the aggregate amount of base rent and leasable area for commercial leases in place at the Mixed-Use Properties that the Company owned as of December 31, 2020, for each of the next ten years beginning with 2021, assuming that none of the tenants exercise renewal options and excluding an aggregate of 131,493 square feet of unleased office and retail space, which represented 11.6% of the GLA of the commercial space within the Mixed-Use Properties as of December 31, 2020.

Commercial Lease Expirations of Mixed-Use Properties 
Year of Lease ExpirationLeasable
Area
Represented
by Expiring
Leases
 Percentage of Leasable Area Represented by Expiring LeasesAnnual Base
Rent Under
Expiring
Leases (1)
Percentage of Annual Base Rent Under Expiring LeasesAnnual Base Rent per Square Foot
2021130,831 sf 11.5 %$5,503,430 15.0 %$42.07 
2022113,991   10.0 %4,573,633 12.5 %40.12 
202365,421   5.7 %1,748,240 4.8 %26.72 
2024115,614   10.2 %6,468,856 17.7 %55.95 
202556,242   4.9 %1,968,956 5.4 %35.01 
202641,601   3.7 %2,166,218 5.9 %52.07 
202762,314   5.5 %1,489,816 4.1 %23.91 
202835,105   3.1 %897,846 2.4 %25.58 
202947,644   4.2 %839,710 2.3 %17.62 
203023,161   2.0 %1,203,573 3.3 %51.97 
Thereafter313,520   27.6 %9,715,647 26.6 %30.99 
Total1,005,444 sf 88.4 %$36,575,925 100.0 %36.38 
 
(1)Calculated using annualized contractual base rent payable as of December 31, 2020, for the expiring GLA, excluding expenses payable by or reimbursable from tenants.
As of December 31, 2020, the Company had 807 apartment leases, 659 of which will expire in 2021 and 148 of which will expire in 2022. Annual base rent due under these leases is $16.8 million and $2.3 million for the years ending December 31, 2021 and 2022, respectively.

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Current Portfolio Properties
The following table sets forth, at the dates indicated, certain information regarding the Current Portfolio Properties:
PropertyLocationLeasable Area (Square Feet)Year Acquired or Developed (Renovated)Land
Area
(Acres)
Percentage Leased as of December 31, (1)
20202019201820172016Anchor / Significant Tenants
Shopping Centers
Ashbrook MarketplaceAshburn, VA85,572 2018 (2019)13.7 100 %92 %N/AN/AN/ALidl, Planet Fitness, Starbucks, Dunkin Donuts, Valvoline, Cafe Rio, McAlisters Deli
Ashburn VillageAshburn, VA221,596 1994-200626.4 95 %97 %97 %94 %91 %Giant Food, Hallmark, McDonald's, Burger King, Dunkin Donuts, Kinder Care, Blue Ridge Grill
Ashland Square Phase IDumfries, VA23,120 20072.0 100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %Capital One Bank, CVS Pharmacy, The All American Steakhouse
Beacon CenterAlexandria, VA359,671 1972 (1993/99/07)32.3 100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %Lowe's Home Improvement Center, Giant Food, Home Goods, Outback Steakhouse, Marshalls, Party Depot, Panera Bread, TGI Fridays, Starbucks, Famous Dave's, Chipotle, Capital One Bank
BJ’s Wholesale ClubAlexandria, VA115,660 20089.6 100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %BJ's Wholesale Club
Boca Valley PlazaBoca Raton, FL121,365 200412.7 89 %99 %96 %95 %95 %Publix, Wells Fargo, Palm Beach Fitness
BoulevardFairfax, VA49,140 1994 (1999/09)5.0 97 %100 %100 %100 %100 %Panera Bread, Party City, Petco, Capital One Bank
Briggs Chaney MarketPlaceSilver Spring, MD194,258 200418.2 97 %96 %92 %100 %98 %Global Food, Ross Dress For Less, Advance Auto Parts, McDonald's, Dunkin Donuts, Enterprise Rent-A-Car, Dollar Tree, Dollar General, Salon Plaza
Broadlands VillageAshburn, VA174,438 2003 (2004/06)24.0 90 %98 %98 %77 %100 %Aldi Grocery, The All American Steakhouse, Bonefish Grill, Dollar Tree, Starbucks, Minnieland Day Care, Capital One Bank, LA Fitness
Burtonsville Town SquareBurtonsville, MD139,928 201726.3 100 %98 %100 %100 %N/AGiant Food, Petco, Starbucks, Greene Turtle, Capital One Bank, CVS Pharmacy, Roy Rogers, Mr. Tire, Taco Bell
Countryside MarketplaceSterling, VA138,804 200416.0 92 %95 %96 %94 %94 %Safeway, CVS Pharmacy, Starbucks, McDonald's,
7-Eleven
Cranberry SquareWestminster, MD141,450 201118.9 87 %96 %97 %100 %100 %Giant Food, Giant Gas Station, Staples, Party City, Wendy's
Cruse MarketPlaceCumming, GA78,686 200410.6 92 %94 %96 %87 %92 %Publix, Subway, Orange Theory, Anytime Fitness
Flagship CenterRockville, MD21,500 1972, 19890.5 100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %Chase Bank, Bank of America
French MarketOklahoma City, OK246,148 1974 (1984/98)13.8 78 %97 %96 %97 %98 %Burlington Coat Factory, Bed Bath & Beyond, Staples, Petco, The Tile Shop, Lakeshore Learning Center, Dollar Tree, Verizon, Raising Cane's
GermantownGermantown, MD18,982 19922.7 100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %CVS Pharmacy, Jiffy Lube
The GlenWoodbridge, VA136,440 1994 (2005)14.7 98 %97 %96 %96 %97 %Safeway, The All American Steakhouse, Panera Bread, Five Guys, Chipotle
Great Falls CenterGreat Falls, VA91,666 200811.0 100 %98 %100 %100 %98 %Safeway, CVS Pharmacy, Trustar Bank, Starbucks, Subway, Long & Foster
Hampshire LangleyTakoma Park, MD131,700 1972 (1979)9.9 100 %100 %100 %100 %100 %Mega Mart, Starbucks, Chuck E. Cheese's, Sardi's Chicken, Capital One Bank, Kool Smiles, Wells Fargo
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PropertyLocationLeasable Area (Square Feet)Year Acquired or Developed (Renovated)Land
Area
(Acres)
Percentage Leased as of December 31, (1)
20202019201820172016Anchor / Significant Tenants
Shopping Centers (Continued)
Hunt Club CornersApopka, FL107,103 200613.9 100 %100 %97 %93 %97 %Publix, Pet Supermarket, Boost Mobile
Jamestown PlaceAltamonte Springs, FL96,201 200510.9 100 %100 %100 %93 %95 %Publix, Carrabas Italian Grill, Orlando Health
Kentlands Square IGaithersburg, MD116,731 200211.5 100 %100 %98 %98 %98 %Lowe's Home Improvement Center, Chipotle, Starbucks
Kentlands Square II and Kentlands PadGaithersburg, MD253,052 201123.4 97 %99 %99 %57 %100 %Giant Food, At Home, Party City, Panera Bread, Not Your Average Joe's, Hallmark, Chick-Fil-A, Coal Fire Pizza, Cava Mezza Grill
Kentlands PlaceGaithersburg, MD40,697 20053.4 75 %93 %93 %93 %100 %Bonefish Grill
Lansdowne Town CenterLeesburg, VA196,817 200623.4 91 %90 %96 %93 %88 %Harris Teeter, CVS Pharmacy, Panera Bread, Starbucks, Capital One Bank, Ford's Oyster House, Fusion Learning, Chick-Fil-A
Leesburg Pike PlazaBaileys Crossroads, VA97,752 1966 (1982/95)9.4 93 %90 %100 %95 %95 %CVS Pharmacy, Party Depot, FedEx Office, Capital One Bank, Five Guys
Lumberton PlazaLumberton, NJ192,718 1975 (1992/96)23.3 68 %68 %70 %84 %91 %Aldi, Rite Aid, Family Dollar, Retro Fitness, Big Lots, Pet Valu, Burger King
Metro Pike CenterRockville, MD67,488 20104.6 83 %65 %69 %67 %69 %McDonald's, Dunkin Donuts, 7-Eleven, Palm Beach Tan, Mattress Warehouse, Salvation Army
Shops at MonocacyFrederick, MD111,166 200413.0 100 %99 %99 %99 %100 %Giant Food, Panera Bread, Five Guys, California Tortilla, Firehouse Subs, Comcast
NorthrockWarrenton, VA100,032 200915.4 99 %100 %100 %99 %99 %Harris Teeter, Longhorn Steakhouse, Ledo's Pizza, Capital One Bank, Novant Health
Olde Forte VillageFt. Washington, MD143,577 200316.0 92 %96 %96 %99 %97 %Safeway, Advance Auto Parts, Dollar Tree, McDonald's, Wendy's, Ledo's Pizza
OlneyOlney, MD53,765 1975 (1990)3.7 93 %93 %94 %92 %90 %Walgreens, Olney Grille, Ledo's Pizza, Popeye's, Sardi's Fusion
Orchard ParkDunwoody, GA87,365 200710.5 99 %99 %100 %98 %97 %Kroger, Subway, Jett Ferry Dental
Palm Springs CenterAltamonte Springs, FL126,446 200512.0 100 %100 %100 %94 %100 %Publix, Duffy's Sports Grill, Toojay's Deli, The Tile Shop, Rockler Tools, Humana Health, Sola Salons
RavenwoodBaltimore, MD93,328 1972 (2006)8.0 97 %97 %92 %100 %100 %Giant Food, Dominos, Bank of America
11503 Rockville Pike/5541 Nicholson LaneRockville, MD40,249 2010 / 20123.0 61 %61 %61 %61 %63 %Dr. Boyd's Pet Resort, Metropolitan Emergency Animal Clinic
1500/1580/1582/ 1584 Rockville PikeRockville, MD110,128 2012/201410.3 96 %97 %93 %96 %87 %Party City, CVS Pharmacy, Danker Furniture
Seabreeze PlazaPalm Harbor, FL146,673 200518.4 96 %99 %99 %98 %98 %Publix, Earth Origins Health Food, Petco, Planet Fitness, Vision Works
Marketplace at Sea ColonyBethany Beach, DE21,677 20085.1 100 %100 %100 %100 %94 %Resort Quest, Armand's Pizza, Candy Kitchen, Summer Salts, Fin's Alehouse
Seven CornersFalls Church, VA573,481 1973 (1994-7/07)31.6 99 %99 %100 %100 %100 %The Home Depot, Giant Food, Michaels Arts & Crafts, Barnes & Noble, Ross Dress For Less, Ski Chalet, Off-Broadway Shoes, JoAnn Fabrics, Starbucks, Dogfish Head Ale House, Red Robin Gourmet Burgers, Chipotle, Wendy's, Burlington Coat Factory, Mattress Warehouse,
J. P. Morgan Chase, Five Below
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