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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549
FORM 20-F
 REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR 12(g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021
OR
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
 SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-33632
BROOKFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
British Columbia, Canada
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
250 Vesey Street, 15th Floor
New York, New York, 10281
United States
(Address of principal executive offices)
Michael Ryan
250 Vesey Street, 15th Floor
New York, New York, 10281
United States
+1-212-417-7000
bip.enquiries@brookfield.com
(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Exchangeable Subordinate Voting SharesBIPC
New York Stock Exchange; Toronto Stock Exchange
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:
None
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report:
73,437,513 Class A Exchangeable Subordinate Voting Shares as of December 31, 2021
1 Class B Multiple Voting Share as of December 31, 2021
1,402,451 Class C Non-Voting Shares as of December 31, 2021
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.        Yes ☒ No ☐
If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.        Yes ☐ No ☒ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.        Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).        Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or an emerging growth company. See definition of “accelerated filer”, “large accelerated filer” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one)
Large accelerated filer
 Accelerated filer ☐ Non-accelerated filer ☐
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control
over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued
its audit report.
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
☐ U.S. GAAP 
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the
International Accounting Standards Board
 ☐ Other
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.       



Item 17 Item 18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes  No ☒



TABLE OF CONTENTS
   PAGE
i



ii


INTRODUCTION AND USE OF CERTAIN TERMS
Unless the context requires otherwise, when used in this annual report on Form 20-F, the terms “we”, “us”, “our” and “our company” refer to Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation, including any predecessors thereof, together with all of its subsidiaries. References to “Brookfield Infrastructure” mean the partnership collectively with Holding LP, the Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities and the Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities (but excluding our company) (each as defined below). References to “our group” mean, collectively, our company and Brookfield Infrastructure. All dollar amounts contained in this annual report on Form 20-F are expressed in U.S. dollars, unless specified otherwise, and references to “dollars”, “$”, “US$” or “USD” are to U.S. dollars, all references to “C$” or “CAD” are to Canadian dollars, all references to “A$” or “AUD” are to Australian dollars, all references to “reais”, “BRL” or “R$” are to Brazilian reais, all references to “£” or “GBP” are to pound sterling and all references to “€” or “EUR” are to Euros, and, unless the context suggests otherwise, references to:

“Alberta Finco” means Brookfield Infrastructure Finance ULC;
“articles” means the notice of articles and articles of our company;
“audit committee” means the audit committee of our board;
“BCBCA” means the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia);
“Bermuda Holdco” means BIP Bermuda Holdings I Limited;
“BIPC” means Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation;
“BIPC Exchangeable LP Units” means the exchangeable units of Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation Exchange Limited Partnership (“BIPC Exchange LP”), a subsidiary of the partnership, which were issued in connection with the acquisition by the partnership and its institutional partners of Inter Pipeline Ltd. (“IPL” or “Inter Pipeline”), and which provide holders with economic terms that are substantially equivalent to BIPC exchangeable shares and are exchangeable, on a one-for-one basis, for exchangeable shares;
“board” means the board of directors of our company;
“Brookfield” means Brookfield Asset Management and any affiliate of Brookfield Asset Management, other than our group;
“Brookfield Accounts” means Brookfield-sponsored vehicles, consortiums and/or partnerships (including private funds, joint ventures and similar arrangements);
“Brookfield Asset Management” means Brookfield Asset Management Inc.;
“Brookfield Infrastructure” means the partnership collectively with Holding LP, the Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities and the Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities (but excluding our company);
“Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities” means certain subsidiaries of Holding LP, including Canada HoldCo, through which the partnership holds all of its interest in the Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities;
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     1


“Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities” means the entities which directly or indirectly hold the partnership’s current operations and assets that the partnership may acquire in the future, including any assets held through joint ventures, partnerships and consortium arrangements;
“Brookfield Personnel” means the partners, members, shareholders, directors, officers and employees of Brookfield;
“business” means the infrastructure business of our company, which includes our utilities business through BUUK and our regulated gas transmission business through NTS;
“BUUK” means BUUK Infrastructure No 1 Limited;
“Canada HoldCo” means Brookfield Infrastructure Holdings (Canada) Inc., an indirect subsidiary of the partnership;
“Canada SubCo” means BIPC Holdings Inc, a wholly-owned subsidiary of our company;
“CDS” means CDS Clearing and Depository Services Inc.;
“chair” means the chairperson of the board;
“class B shares” means the class B multiple voting shares in the capital of our company, as further described under Item 10.B “Description of Our Share Capital — Class B Shares”, and “class B share” means any one of them;
“class C shares” means the class C non-voting shares in the capital of our company, as further described under Item 10.B “Description of Our Share Capital — Class C Shares”, and “class C share” means any one of them;
“Co-Issuers” means Alberta Finco, Brookfield Infrastructure Finance LLC, Brookfield Infrastructure Finance Limited and Brookfield Infrastructure Finance Pty Ltd., collectively;
“code” means the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics;
“collateral account” means the non-interest bearing trust account established by Brookfield or its affiliates to be administered by the rights agent;
“committees” means the audit committee and the nominating and governance committee;
“company” means Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation;
“company notice” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Rights Agreement — Satisfaction of Secondary Exchange Rights”;
“conflicts management policy” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield”;
“CRA” means the Canada Revenue Agency;
“customary rates” means the same or substantially similar services provided by Brookfield to one or more third parties;
“DTC” means the Depository Trust Company;
2        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


“EDGAR” means the Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval system at www.sec.gov;
“Enercare” means Enercare Inc.;
“ESG” means environmental, social and governance;
“Exchange LP” means Brookfield Infrastructure Partners Exchange L.P.;
“Exchange LP Units” means the exchangeable units of Brookfield Infrastructure Partners Exchange LP (“Exchange LP”), a subsidiary of the partnership, which were issued in connection with the partnership’s acquisition of an effective 30% interest in Enercare Inc. (“Enercare”), and which provide holders with economic terms that are substantially equivalent to the units and are exchangeable, on a one-for-one basis, for units;
“exchangeable shares” means the class A exchangeable subordinate voting shares in the capital of our company, as further described under Item 10.B “Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares”, and “exchangeable share” means any one of them;
“Exchangeable units” mean, collectively, the Exchange LP Units and the BIPC Exchangeable LP Units;
“fully exchanged basis” means Brookfield’s ownership in the partnership assuming the exchange of all issued and outstanding Redeemable Partnership Units, Exchange LP Units, BIPC exchangeable shares and BIPC Exchangeable LP Units;
“group” means collectively, our company and Brookfield Infrastructure;
“GTAs” means inflation-adjusted gas transportation agreements;
“Holding LP” means Brookfield Infrastructure L.P.;
“IFRS” means International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board;
“Infrastructure Special LP” means Brookfield Infrastructure Special L.P.;
“initial distribution date” means March 31, 2020;
“Related-Party Investor” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 7.B “Relationship with Brookfield — Conflicts of Interest and Fiduciary Duties — Investments by the Related-Party Investor”;
“IRS” means the Internal Revenue Service;
“LIBOR” means the London Inter-bank Offered Rate;
“Licensing Agreements” means the licensing agreements described in Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield - Licensing Agreements”;
“Master Services Agreement” means the amended and restated master services agreement dated as of March 13, 2015, as amended on March 31, 2020, among the Service Recipients, Brookfield, the Service Providers and others;
“NAREIT” means the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc.;
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     3


“nominating and governance committee” means the nominating and governance committee of the board;
“non-resident holder” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material Canadian Federal Income Tax Considerations — Taxation of Holders Not Resident in Canada”;

“Non-U.S. Holder” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”;
“NTS” means Nova Transportadora do Sudeste S.A.;
“NTS entities” means collectively, the entities through which our company holds our interest in NTS;
“NYSE” means the New York Stock Exchange;
“operating performance compensation” means performance-based compensation;
the “partnership” means Brookfield Infrastructure Partners L.P.;
“pre-approval policy” means the written policy on auditor independence that our board of directors has adopted;
“preferred shares” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association”;
“preferred units” means the preferred limited partnership units of the partnership;
“proposed amendments” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material Canadian Federal Income Tax Considerations”;
“PSG” means Brookfield’s Public Securities Group;
“RDSP” means registered disability savings plan;
“Redeemable Partnership Unit” is a limited partnership unit of the Holding LP;
“Registration Rights Agreement” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Registration Rights Agreement”;
“Relationship Agreement” means the amended and restated relationship agreement dated as of March 28, 2014, as amended from time to time, between, among others, Brookfield Asset Management Inc., the partnership and Holding LP;

“resident holder” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material Canadian Federal Income Tax Considerations — Taxation of Holders Resident in Canada”;
“RESP” means registered education savings plan;
“rights agent” means Wilmington Trust, National Association;
“Rights Agreement” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Rights Agreement”;
“RRIF” means registered retirement income fund;
4        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


“RRSP” means registered retirement savings plan;
“Sarbanes-Oxley Act” means the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (United States), as amended;
“SEC” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission;
“SEDAR” means the System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval at www.sedar.com;
“Service Providers” means Brookfield Infrastructure Group L.P., Brookfield Asset Management Private Institutional Capital Adviser (Canada), LP, Brookfield Asset Management Barbados Inc., Brookfield Global Infrastructure Advisor Limited, Brookfield Infrastructure Group (Australia) Pty Limited and, unless the context otherwise requires, includes any other affiliate of Brookfield Asset Management that provides services to us pursuant to the Master Services Agreement or any other service agreement or arrangement;
“Service Recipients” means the partnership, Holding LP, certain of the Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities, BIPC and certain of their subsidiaries in their capacity as recipients of services under the Master Services Agreement;
“shareholder” means a holder of exchangeable shares;
“special distribution” means the special distribution of the partnership to holders of units of one (1) exchangeable share per nine (9) units held completed on March 31, 2020, as further described in Item 4.A “History and Development of Brookfield Infrastructure — History and Development of our Business”;
“Tax Act” means the Income Tax Act (Canada);
“TFSA” means tax-free savings account;
“Treasury Regulations” means the U.S. Treasury Regulations promulgated under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code;
“TSX” means the Toronto Stock Exchange;
“U.K.” means United Kingdom;
“unitholder” means a holder of units;
“units” means non-voting limited partnership units of the partnership, other than the preferred units;
“U.S. Internal Revenue Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended;
“U.S. Holder” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations”;
“U.S. Securities Act” means the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated from time to time thereunder;
“US HoldCo” means Brookfield Infrastructure US Holdings I Corporation; and
“Voting Agreement” has the meaning ascribed thereto under Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield Infrastructure — Voting Agreements”.
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     5




FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This annual report on Form 20-F contains certain “forward-looking statements” and “forward-looking information” within the meaning of applicable securities laws, including the Private
Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements and information relate to, among other things, our group’s business, operations, objectives, goals, strategies, intentions, plans, beliefs, expectations and estimates and anticipated events or trends. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements and information by terms such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “estimate,” “likely,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “continue,” “plan,” “potential,” “objective,” “tend,” “seek,” “target,” “foresee,” “aim to,” “outlook,” “endeavor,” “will,” “would” and “should” or the negative of those terms or other comparable terminology. In particular, our statements with respect to the continuity plans and preparedness measures we have implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and its expected impact on our group’s businesses, operations, earnings and results, are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements and information are not historical facts but reflect our current expectations regarding future results or events and are based on information currently available to us and on assumptions we believe are reasonable.

Although we believe that our anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements and information are based on reasonable assumptions and expectations, the reader should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements and information because they involve assumptions, known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements and information. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or are within our control. If a change occurs, our group’s business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations and our plans and strategies may vary materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements and forward-looking information in this annual report on Form 20-F.

Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those contemplated or implied by the forward- looking statements and information in this annual report on Form 20-F include, without limitation:

commodity risks;

alternative technologies could impact the demand for, or use of, the businesses and assets that our group owns and operates and could impair or eliminate the competitive advantage of our group’s businesses and assets;

the competitive market for acquisition opportunities and the inability to identify and complete acquisitions as planned;

our group’s ability to renew existing contracts and win additional contracts with existing or potential customers;

timing and price for the completion of unfinished projects;

infrastructure operations may require substantial capital expenditures;

6        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation



exposure to environmental risks, including increasing environmental legislation and the broader impacts of climate change;

exposure to increased economic regulation and adverse regulatory decisions;

First Nations claims to land, adverse claims or governmental claims may adversely affect our group’s infrastructure operations;

some of our group’s current operations are held in the form of joint ventures or partnerships or through consortium arrangements;

some of our group’s businesses operate in jurisdictions with less developed legal systems and could experience difficulties in obtaining effective legal redress, which creates uncertainties;

actions taken by national, state, or provincial governments, including nationalization, or the imposition of new taxes, could materially impact the financial performance or value of our group’s assets;

equipment that we need, including spare parts and components required for project development, may become unavailable or difficult to procure;

reliance on technology and exposure to cyber-security attacks;

customers may default on their obligations;

reliance on tolling and revenue collection systems;

Brookfield’s influence over our group and our group’s dependence on Brookfield as the Service Providers;

the lack of an obligation of Brookfield to source acquisition opportunities for our group;

our group’s dependence on Brookfield and its professionals;

the role and ownership of Brookfield in the partnership, the Holding LP and our company may change and interests in the general partner of the partnership may be transferred to a third party without unitholder or shareholder consent;

Brookfield may increase its ownership of the partnership or our company;

the Master Services Agreement and our other arrangements with Brookfield do not impose on Brookfield any fiduciary duties to act in the best interests of holders of exchangeable shares or units;

conflicts of interest between the partnership, our company, their respective unitholders and shareholders, on the one hand, and Brookfield, on the other hand;

our group’s arrangements with Brookfield may contain terms that are less favorable than those which otherwise might have been obtained from unrelated parties;

the general partner of the partnership may be unable or unwilling to terminate the Master Services Agreement;

Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     7



the limited liability of, and our group’s indemnification of, our Service Providers;

the partnership or our company may not be able to continue paying comparable or growing cash
distributions to holders of exchangeable shares or units in the future;

the exchangeable shares can be significantly impacted by the market price of the partnership’s units and the combined business performance of our group as a whole;

the company’s lack of operating history;

the partnership and the company are holding entities that rely on their subsidiaries to provide the funds necessary to pay its distributions and meet its financial obligations;

our company is exempt from certain requirements of Canadian securities laws and we are not subject to the same disclosure requirements as a U.S. domestic issuer;

our company may become regulated as an investment company under the U.S. Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (“Investment Company Act”);

the effectiveness of our internal controls;

our group’s assets are or may become highly leveraged and our group intends to incur indebtedness about the asset level;

the acquisition of distressed companies may subject our group to increased risks, including the incurrence of additional legal or other expenses;

the redemption of exchangeable shares by the company at any time or upon notice from the
holder of the class B shares;

future sales and issuances of exchangeable shares or units or securities exchangeable for
exchangeable shares or units, or the perception of such sales or issuances, could depress the
trading price of the exchangeable shares or units;

unitholders do not have a right to vote on partnership matters or to take part in the management of the partnership;

market price of the exchangeable shares and units may be volatile;

dilution of existing shareholders;

investors may find it difficult to enforce service of process and enforcement of judgments against the partnership or our company;

the partnership and the company are holding entities that rely on their subsidiaries to provide the funds necessary to pay its distributions and meet its financial obligations;

foreign currency risk and risk management activities;

changes in tax law and practice;

general economic conditions and risks relating to the economy;

8        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation



the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the direct and indirect impacts that the virus may have;

adverse changes in currency exchange rates;

availability and cost of credit;

government policy and legislation change;

exposure to uninsurable losses and force majeure events;

labor disruptions and economically unfavorable collective bargaining agreements;

exposure to occupational health and safety related accidents;

high levels of government regulation upon many of our group’s operating entities, including with respect to rates set for our regulated businesses;

our group’s infrastructure business is at risk of becoming involved in disputes and possible litigation;

our ability to finance our operations due to the status of the capital markets;

changes in our credit ratings;

our operations may suffer a loss from fraud, bribery, corruption or other illegal acts;

new regulatory initiatives related to ESG;

potential human rights impacts of our business activities; and

other factors described in this annual report on Form 20-F, including, but not limited to, those described under Item 3.D “Risk Factors” herein and elsewhere in this annual report on
Form 20-F.

We caution that the foregoing list of important factors that may affect future results is not exhaustive. When relying on these forward-looking statements and information, investors and others should carefully consider the foregoing factors and other uncertainties and potential events. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the events described by these forward-looking statements and information might not occur. These risks could cause our group’s actual results and our group’s plans and strategies to vary from these forward-looking statements and information. We qualify any and all of these forward-looking statements and information by these cautionary factors. Please keep this cautionary note in mind as you read this annual report on Form 20-F. We disclaim any obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements or information, whether written or oral, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.
Each exchangeable share has been structured with the intention of providing an economic return equivalent to one unit of the partnership. We therefore expect that the market price of our exchangeable shares will be significantly impacted by the market price of the units and the combined business performance of our group as a whole. In addition to carefully considering the disclosure made in this 20-F, you should carefully consider the disclosure made by Brookfield Infrastructure in its continuous
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     9



disclosure filings. Copies of the partnership’s continuous disclosure filings are available electronically on EDGAR on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and on SEDAR at www.sedar.com.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING THE USE OF NON-IFRS ACCOUNTING MEASURES
We prepare our financial statements in accordance with IFRS. To measure performance, we focus on net income, a measure under IFRS, as well as certain non-IFRS measures, including Funds from Operations (“FFO”), Adjusted Funds from Operations (“AFFO”), adjusted EBITDA (“Adjusted EBITDA”) and adjusted earnings (“Adjusted Earnings”), along with other measures. To measure liquidity, we focus on debt attributable to our company and net debt.

FFO
To measure performance, among other measures, we focus on net income as well as FFO. We define FFO as net income excluding the impact of depreciation and amortization, deferred income taxes, mark-to-market on hedging items and other income (expenses) that are not related to the revenue earning activities and are not normal, recurring cash operating expenses necessary for business operations. We exclude from FFO dividends paid on the exchangeable shares of our company that are presented as interest expense, as well as the interest expense on loans payable to the partnership which represent the partnership’s investment in our company. We also exclude from FFO amounts attributable to non-controlling interests based on the economic interests held by non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries. FFO is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. FFO is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. FFO has limitations as an analytical tool. Specifically, our definition of FFO may differ from the definition used by other organizations, and is different than the definition of Funds from Operations used by the Real Property Association of Canada (“REALPAC”) and the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc. (“NAREIT”), in part because the NAREIT definition is based on U.S. GAAP, as opposed to IFRS.
AFFO
We define AFFO as FFO less capital expenditures required to maintain the current performance of our operations (maintenance capital expenditures). AFFO is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. AFFO is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers and has limitations as an analytical tool.
Adjusted EBITDA
In addition to FFO and AFFO, we focus on Adjusted EBITDA, which we define as net income excluding the impact of interest expense, depreciation and amortization, income taxes, mark-to-market on hedging items and other income (expenses) corresponding to amounts that are not related to the revenue earning activities and are not normal, recurring cash operating expenses necessary for business operations. We exclude from Adjusted EBITDA amounts attributable to non-controlling interests based on the economic interests held by non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries. Adjusted EBITDA is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. Adjusted EBITDA is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool.

10        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation



Adjusted Earnings
We also focus on Adjusted Earnings, which we define as net income excluding the impact of dividends paid and remeasurement gains/losses on the exchangeable shares of our company, and interest and foreign currency translation adjustments on intercompany loans with the partnership. We also exclude from Adjusted Earnings amounts attributable to non-controlling interests based on the economic interests held by non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries. Adjusted Earnings is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. Adjusted Earnings is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Adjusted Earnings has limitations as an analytical tool.
Debt attributable to our company and net debt
We define debt attributable to our company as our company’s share of borrowings obligations relating to our investments in various portfolio businesses. Net debt is debt attributable to our company net of our company’s share of cash and cash equivalents. Debt attributable to our company and net debt are not, and are not intended to be, presented in accordance with IFRS. We provide debt attributable to our company and net debt, both non-IFRS liquidity measures, because we believe it assists investors and analysts in estimating our overall performance and understanding the leverage pertaining specifically to our company’s share of its invested capital in a given investment. When used in conjunction with Adjusted EBITDA, debt attributable to our company is expected to provide useful information as to how our company has financed its businesses at the asset-level. We believe our presentation, when read in conjunction with our company’s reported results under IFRS, including consolidated debt, provides a more meaningful assessment of how our operations are performing and capital is being managed.
For further details regarding our use of FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings as well as a reconciliation of net income to these performance measures, please see the “Performance Disclosures” and “Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures” sections in Item 5 “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects — Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”. For further details regarding our use of debt attributable to our company and net debt, please see the “Liquidity and Capital Resources” section in Item 5 “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     11


PART I

ITEM 1.    IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
Not applicable.
ITEM 2.    OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
Not applicable.
ITEM 3.    KEY INFORMATION
3.A    [RESERVED]
3.B    CAPITALIZATION AND INDEBTEDNESS
Not applicable.
3.C    REASONS FOR THE OFFER AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Not applicable.
3.D    RISK FACTORS
Summary of Risk Factors

The following summarizes some, but not all, of the risks provided below. Please carefully consider all of the information discussed in this Item 3.D “Risk Factors” in this annual report on Form 20-F for a detailed description of these and other risks.

Risks Relating to Our Group’s Operating Entities, Operating Geographies and the Infrastructure Industry
Risks relating to demand for commodities, such as natural gas or minerals;
Risks relating to impact of alternative technologies on our business and cyber security attacks;
Risks relating to successful identification, completion and integration of acquisitions;
Risks relating to competition with other market participants;
Risks relating to construction or expansion of projects, environmental damage and future capital expenditures;
Risks relating to economic regulation and adverse regulatory decisions in the countries we operate, including nationalization or the imposition of new taxes;
Risks relating to supply chain disruptions;
Risks relating to adverse claims or governmental rights asserted against the lands used for our infrastructure assets;
Risks relating to our transactions and joint ventures, partnerships and consortium arrangements;
Risks relating to tolling and revenue collection systems.

12        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


Risks Relating to Our Relationship with Brookfield
Risks relating to our dependence on Brookfield and the Service Providers, and conflicts of interests therewith;
Risks relating to our inability to have access to all infrastructure acquisitions that Brookfield identifies;
Risks relating to the departure of some or all of Brookfield’s professionals;
Risks relating to Brookfield’s ownership position in our company and the partnership;
Risks relating to the lack of any fiduciary obligations imposed on Brookfield to act in the best interests of the Service Recipients, our company or our shareholders;
Risks relating to the limited liability of the Service Providers to the partnership, our company and the other Service Recipients;
Risks relating to our inability to terminate the Master Services Agreement;
Risks relating to our guarantees of certain debt obligations.

Risks Relating to our Company
Risks relating to the company’s lack of operating history;
Risks relating to the company’s role as a holding company;
Risks associated with the effectiveness of our company’s internal controls;
Risks relating to our assets becoming highly leveraged;
Risks relating to the acquisition of distressed companies which may subject our group to increased risks, including the incurrence of additional legal or other expenses.

Risks Relating to the Exchangeable Shares
Risks relating to our ability to continue paying comparable or growing cash dividends;
Risks relating to our ability to redeem the exchangeable shares at any time;
Risks relating to the market price and volatility of our exchangeable shares and the units;
Risks relating to market sentiment around exchanges of exchangeable shares into units and the issuance of additional securities in lieu of incurring indebtedness;
Risks relating to the Rights Agreement terminating on March 31, 2025;
Risks relating to the ability to enforce service of process and enforcement of judgments against us and directors and officers of the Service Providers;
Risks relating to our sole discretion to elect whether shareholders receive cash or units upon a liquidation, exchange or redemption event;
Risks relating to the delisting of our exchangeable shares;
Risks relating to the application of applicable Canadian or U.S. rules relating to takeover bids, issuer bids and tender offers.

Risks Relating to Taxation
Risks relating to United States and Canadian taxation, and the effects thereof on our group’s business and operations.


Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     13


General Risks
Risks relating to general economic and political conditions, changes in governmental policy and legislation, and the markets in which we operate;
Risks relating to COVID-19;
Risks relating to foreign currency;
Risks relating to access to debt or equity markets, our ability to access credit markets and changes in our credit ratings;
Risks relating to natural disasters, weather events, uninsurable losses and force majeure events;
Risks relating to labor disruptions and economically unfavorable collective bargaining agreements;
Risks relating to occupational health and safety and accidents;
Risks relating to fraud, bribery, corruption, other illegal acts, inadequate or failed internal processes or systems, or from external events;
Risks relating to contractual disputes and litigation;
Risks relating to new ESG regulatory initiatives;
Risks relating to potential human rights impacts of our business activities.

You should carefully consider the following factors in addition to the other information set forth in this annual report on Form 20-F. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations and the value of the exchangeable shares would likely suffer. Each
exchangeable share has been structured with the intention of providing an economic return equivalent to
one unit of the partnership. We therefore expect that the market price of our exchangeable shares will be significantly impacted by the market price of the units and the combined business performance of our group as a whole. In addition to carefully considering the risks factors contained in this annual report on Form 20-F and described below, you should carefully consider the risk factors applicable to Brookfield Infrastructure’s business and an investment in units, described in the partnership’s annual report on Form 20-F.
Risks Relating to Our Group’s Operating Entities, Operating Geographies and the Infrastructure Industry
Some of our group’s operating subsidiaries depend on continued strong demand for commodities, such as natural gas or minerals, for their financial performance. Material reduction in demand for these key commodities can potentially result in reduced value for assets, or in extreme cases, a stranded asset.
Some of our group’s operating subsidiaries are critically linked to the transport or production of key commodities. While our group endeavors to protect against short to medium-term commodity demand risk wherever possible by structuring our contracts in a way that minimizes volume risk (e.g., minimum guaranteed volumes and ‘take-or-pay’ arrangements), these contract terms are finite and in some cases, contracts contain termination or suspension rights for the benefit of the customer. Accordingly, a long-term and sustained downturn in the demand for or price of a key commodity linked to one of our group’s operating subsidiaries may result in termination, suspension or default under a key contract, or otherwise have a material adverse impact on the financial performance or growth prospects of that particular operation, notwithstanding our group’s efforts to maximize contractual protections.

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If a critical upstream or downstream business entity ceased to operate, this could materially impact our group’s financial performance or the value of one or more of our group’s operating businesses. In extreme cases, our group’s infrastructure could become redundant, resulting in an inability to recover a return on or of capital and potentially triggering covenants and other terms and conditions under associated debt facilities.
Alternative technologies could impact the demand for, or use of, the business and assets that our group’s entities own and operate and could impair or eliminate our group’s competitive advantage of our businesses and assets.
There are alternative technologies that may impact the demand for, or use of, the businesses and assets that our group owns and are operated by our group’s operating subsidiaries. While some such alternative technologies are in earlier stages of development, ongoing research and development activities may improve such alternative technologies. For example, changes in the materials used in construction may reduce the demand for thermal coal and iron ore. Additionally, off-grid energy solutions may reduce the need for electricity and gas generation networks and pipelines, and technologies that enable remote working opportunities could reduce traffic on our group’s toll roads. If this were to happen, the competitive advantage of our group’s businesses and assets may be significantly impaired or eliminated and our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow could be materially and adversely affected as a result.
The completion of new acquisitions can have the effect of significantly increasing the scale and scope of our operations, including operations in new geographic areas and industry sectors, and the Service Providers may have difficulty managing these additional operations. In addition, acquisitions involve risks to our business
A key part of our group’s strategy involves seeking acquisition opportunities upon Brookfield’s recommendation and allocation of opportunities to our company. Acquisitions may increase the scale, scope and diversity of our operating businesses. We depend on the diligence and skill of Brookfield’s professionals and our Service Providers to manage our group, including integrating all of the acquired business’ operations with our existing operations. These individuals may have difficulty managing the additional operations and may have other responsibilities within Brookfield’s asset management business. If Brookfield does not effectively manage the additional operations, our existing business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.
Acquisitions will likely involve some or all of the following risks, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations: the difficulty of integrating the acquired operations and personnel into our current operations; the ability to achieve potential synergies; potential disruption of our current operations; diversion of resources, including Brookfield’s time and attention; the difficulty of managing the growth of a larger organization; the risk of entering markets in which we have little experience; the risk of becoming involved in labor, commercial or regulatory disputes or litigation related to the new enterprise; the risk of environmental or other liabilities associated with the acquired business; and the risk of a change of control resulting from an acquisition triggering rights of third parties or government agencies under contracts with, or authorizations held by the operating business being acquired. While it is our practice to conduct extensive due diligence investigations into businesses being acquired, it is possible that due diligence may fail to uncover all material risks in the business being acquired, or to identify a change of control trigger in a material contract or authorization, or that a contractual counterparty or government agency may take a different view on the interpretation of such a provision to that taken by us, thereby resulting in a dispute. The discovery of any material liabilities subsequent to an acquisition, as well as the failure of an acquisition to perform according to expectations, could have a material adverse effect on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, if returns are lower than anticipated from acquisitions, we may not be able to achieve growth in our dividends in line with our stated goals and the market value of our exchangeable shares may decline.
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Our group operates in a highly competitive market for acquisition opportunities.
Our group’s acquisition strategy is dependent to a significant extent on the ability of Brookfield to identify acquisition opportunities that are suitable for our group. Our group faces competition for acquisitions primarily from investment funds, operating companies acting as strategic buyers, construction companies, commercial and investment banks, and commercial finance companies. Many of these competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than are available to our group. Some of these competitors may also have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments, which could allow them to consider a wider variety of acquisitions and to offer terms that our group is unable or unwilling to match. Due to the capital intensive nature of infrastructure acquisitions, in order to finance acquisitions our group will need to compete for equity capital from institutional investors and other equity providers, including Brookfield, and our group’s ability to consummate acquisitions will be dependent on such capital continuing to be available. Increases in interest rates could also make it more difficult to consummate acquisitions because our group’s competitors may have a lower cost of capital which may enable them to bid higher prices for assets. In addition, because of our group’s affiliation with Brookfield, there is a higher risk that when our group participates with Brookfield and others in joint ventures, partnerships and consortiums on acquisitions we may become subject to antitrust or competition laws that we would not be subject to if our group were acting alone. These factors may create competitive disadvantages for our group with respect to acquisition opportunities.
Our group cannot provide any assurance that the competitive pressures our group faces will not have a material adverse effect on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations or that Brookfield will be able to identify and make acquisitions on our group’s behalf that are consistent with our group’s objectives or that generate attractive returns for our group’s respective shareholders or unitholders. Our group may lose acquisition opportunities if our group does not match prices, structures and terms offered by competitors, if our group is unable to access sources of equity or obtain indebtedness at attractive rates or if our group becomes subject to antitrust or competition laws. Alternatively, our group may experience decreased rates of return and increased risks of loss if our group matches prices, structures and terms offered by competitors.
Our group may be unable to complete acquisitions, dispositions and other transactions as planned.
Our group’s acquisitions, dispositions and other transactions are subject to a number of closing conditions, including, as applicable, security holder approval, regulatory approval (including competition authorities) and other third party consents and approvals that are beyond our group’s control and may not be satisfied. In particular, many jurisdictions in which our group seeks to invest (or divest) impose government consent requirements on investments by foreign persons. Consents and approvals may not be obtained, may be obtained subject to conditions which adversely affect anticipated returns, and/or may be delayed and delay or ultimately preclude the completion of acquisitions, dispositions and other transactions. Government policies and attitudes in relation to foreign investment may change, making it more difficult to complete acquisitions, dispositions and other transactions in such jurisdictions. Furthermore, interested stakeholders could take legal steps to prevent transactions from being completed. If all or some of our group’s acquisitions, dispositions and other transactions are unable to be completed on the terms agreed, our group may need to modify or delay or, in some cases, terminate these transactions altogether, the market value of our group’s respective securities may significantly decline and our group may not be able to achieve the expected benefits of the transactions.
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Infrastructure assets may be subject to competition risk.
Some assets may be affected by the existence of other competing assets owned and operated by other parties. There can be no assurance that our group’s businesses can renew all their existing contracts or win additional contracts with their existing or potential customers. The ability of our group’s businesses to maintain or improve their revenue is dependent on price, availability and customer service as well as on the availability of access to alternative infrastructure. In the case where the relevant business is unable to retain customers and/or unable to win additional customers to replace those customers it is unable to retain, the revenue from such assets will be reduced.
Investments in infrastructure projects prior to or during a construction or expansion phase are likely to be subject to increased risk.
A key part of our group’s growth strategy involves identifying and taking advantage of organic growth opportunities within our existing businesses. These opportunities typically involve development and construction of new infrastructure or expansion or upgrades to existing infrastructure. Investments in new infrastructure projects during a development or construction phase are likely to be subject to additional risk that the project will not receive all required approvals, will not be completed within budget, within the agreed timeframe and to the agreed specifications and, where applicable, will not be successfully integrated into the existing assets. During the construction phase, major risks include: (i) a delay in the projected completion of the project, which can result in an increase in total project construction costs through higher capitalized interest charges and additional labor, material expenses, and a resultant delay in the commencement of cash flow; (ii) the insolvency of the head contractor, a major subcontractor and/or a key equipment supplier; (iii) construction costs exceeding estimates for various reasons, including inaccurate engineering and planning, labor and building material costs in excess of expectations and unanticipated problems with project start-up; and (iv) defects in design, engineering or construction (including, without limitation, latent defects that do not materialize during an applicable warranty or limitation periods). Such unexpected increases may result in increased debt service costs, operations and maintenance expenses and damage payments for late delivery. This may result in the inability of project owners to meet the higher interest and principal repayments arising from the additional debt required.
In addition, construction projects may be exposed to significant liquidated damages to the extent that commercial operations are delayed beyond prescribed dates or that performance levels do not meet guaranteed levels.
All of our group’s infrastructure operations may require substantial capital expenditures in the future.
Utilities, transport and energy operations, including our current utilities operations and the operations of Brookfield Infrastructure, are capital intensive and require substantial ongoing expenditures for, among other things, additions and improvements, and maintenance and repair of plant and equipment. Any failure to make necessary capital expenditures to maintain our group’s operations in the future could impair the ability of our group’s operations to serve existing customers or accommodate increased volumes. In addition, our group may not be able to recover such investments based upon the rates our group’s operations are able to charge.
In some of the jurisdictions in which our group has operations, certain maintenance capital expenditures may not be covered by the regulatory framework. If our group’s operations in these jurisdictions require significant capital expenditures to maintain our group’s asset base, our group may not be able to recover such costs through the regulatory framework. In addition, we may be exposed to disallowance risk in other jurisdictions to the extent that capital expenditures and other costs are not fully recovered through the regulatory framework.
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Our group’s operating subsidiaries are exposed to the risk of environmental damage.
Our group’s operating subsidiaries are exposed to the risk of environmental damage. Many of our group’s assets are involved in using, handling or transporting substances that are toxic, combustible or otherwise hazardous to the environment. Furthermore, some of our group’s assets have operations in or in close proximity to environmentally sensitive areas or densely populated communities. There is a risk of a leak, spillage or other environmental emission at one of these assets, which could cause regulatory infractions, damage to the environment, injury or loss of life. Such an incident if it occurred could result in fines or penalties imposed by regulatory authorities, revocation of licenses or permits required to operate the business or the imposition of more stringent conditions in those licenses or permits, or legal claims for compensation (including punitive damages) by affected stakeholders. In addition, some of our group’s assets may be subject to regulations or rulings made by environmental agencies that conflict with existing obligations we have under concession or other permitting agreements. Resolution of such conflicts may lead to uncertainty and increased risk of delays or cost over-runs on projects. All of these have the potential to significantly impact the value or financial performance of our group.
Our group’s operating subsidiaries are exposed to the risk of increasing environmental legislation and the broader impacts of climate change.
With an increasing global focus and public sensitivity to environmental sustainability and environmental regulation becoming more stringent, our group’s assets could be subject to increasing environmental responsibility and liability. For example, many jurisdictions in which our group operates are considering implementing, or have implemented, schemes relating to the regulation of carbon emissions. As a result, there is a risk that the consumer demand for some of the energy sources supplied by our group will be reduced. The nature and extent of future regulation in the various jurisdictions in which Brookfield Infrastructure’s operations are situated is uncertain, but is expected to become more complex and stringent.
It is difficult to assess the impact of any such changes on our group. These schemes may result in increased costs to our group’s operations that may not be able to be passed onto our group’s customers and may have an adverse impact on prospects for growth of some businesses. To the extent such regimes (such as carbon emissions schemes or other carbon emissions regulations) become applicable to the operations of our group (and the costs of such regulations are not able to be fully passed on to consumers), our group’s financial performance may be impacted due to costs applied to carbon emissions and increased compliance costs.
Our group’s operating subsidiaries are also subject to laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and pollution. Standards are set by these laws and regulations regarding certain aspects of environmental quality and reporting, provide for penalties and other liabilities for the violation of such standards, and establish, in certain circumstances, obligations to remediate and rehabilitate current and former facilities and locations where our group’s operations are, or were, conducted. These laws and regulations may have a detrimental impact on the financial performance of our group’s infrastructure operations and projects through increased compliance costs or otherwise. Any breach of these obligations, or even incidents relating to the environment that do not amount to a breach, could adversely affect the results of our group’s operating subsidiaries and their reputations and expose them to claims for financial compensation or adverse regulatory consequences.
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Climate change may increase the frequency and severity of severe weather conditions and may change existing weather patterns in ways that are difficult to anticipate, which could result in more frequent and severe disruptions to our group’s business and the markets in which our group operates. In addition, customers’ requirements for our services may vary with weather conditions, primarily temperature and humidity. To the extent weather conditions are affected by climate change, customers’ demand for our group’s services could increase or decrease depending on the duration and magnitude of changing weather conditions, which could adversely affect our group’s business, results of operations and cash flows.
Our group’s operating subsidiaries may be exposed to higher levels of regulation than in other sectors and breaches of such regulations could expose our group’s operating subsidiaries to claims for financial compensation and adverse regulatory consequences.
In many instances, our group’s ownership and operation of infrastructure assets involves an ongoing commitment to a governmental agency. The nature of these commitments exposes the owners of infrastructure assets to a higher level of regulatory control than typically imposed on other businesses. For example, several of our group’s utilities operations are subject to government safety and reliability regulations that are specific to their industries. The risk that a governmental agency will repeal, amend, enact or promulgate a new law or regulation or that a governmental authority will issue a new interpretation of the law or regulations, could affect our operating entities substantially.
Sometimes commitments to governmental agencies involve the posting of financial security for performance of obligations. If obligations are breached these financial securities may be called upon by the relevant agency.
There is also the risk that our group’s operating subsidiaries do not have, might not obtain, or may lose permits necessary for their operations. Permits or special rulings may be required on taxation, financial and regulatory related issues. Even though most permits and licenses are obtained before the commencement of operations, many of these licenses and permits have to be renewed or maintained over the life of the business. The conditions and costs of these permits, licenses and consents may be changed on any renewal, or, in some cases, may not be renewed due to unforeseen circumstances or a subsequent change in regulations. In any event, the renewal or non-renewal could have a material adverse effect on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
The risk that a government will repeal, amend, enact or promulgate a new law or regulation or that a regulator or other government agency will issue a new interpretation of the law or regulations, may affect our group’s operations or a project substantially. This may also be due to court decisions and actions of government agencies that affect these operations or a project’s performance or the demand for its services. For example, a government policy decision may result in adverse financial outcomes for our group through directions to spend money to improve security, safety, reliability or quality of service.
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The lands used for our group’s infrastructure assets may be subject to adverse claims or governmental rights.
Our group’s operations require large areas of land on which to be constructed and operated. The rights to use the land can be obtained through freehold title, leases and other rights of use. Although we believe that we have valid rights to all material easements, licenses and rights of way for our infrastructure operations, not all of our easements, licenses and rights of way are registered against the lands to which they relate and may not bind subsequent owners. Additionally, different jurisdictions have adopted different systems of land title and in some jurisdictions, it may not be possible to ascertain definitively who has the legal right to enter into land tenure arrangements with the asset owner. In some jurisdictions where our group has operations, it is possible to claim indigenous or aboriginal rights to land and the existence or declaration of native title may affect the existing or future activities of our group’s utilities, transport or energy operations and impact on their business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, a government, court, regulator, or indigenous or aboriginal group may make a decision or take action that affects an asset or project’s performance or the demand for its services. In particular, a regulator may restrict our access to an asset, or may require us to provide third parties with access, or may affect the pricing structure so as to lower our revenues and earnings. Adverse claims or governmental rights may affect the existing or future activities of our group’s operations, impact on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations, or require that compensation be paid.
Some of our group’s transactions and current operations are structured as joint ventures, partnerships and consortium arrangements, including our interest in NTS, and we intend to continue to operate in this manner in the future, which may reduce Brookfield’s and our group’s influence over our groups operating subsidiaries and may subject our group to additional obligations.
Some of our group’s transactions and current operations are structured as joint ventures, partnerships and consortium arrangements, including our interest in NTS. An integral part of our strategy is to participate with institutional investors in Brookfield-sponsored or co-sponsored consortiums for single asset acquisitions and as a partner in or alongside Brookfield-sponsored or co-sponsored partnerships that target acquisitions that suit our group’s profile. These arrangements are driven by the magnitude of capital required to complete acquisitions of infrastructure assets, strategic partnering arrangements to access operating expertise, and other industry-wide trends that our group believes will continue. Such arrangements involve risks not present where a third party is not involved, including the possibility that partners or co-venturers might become bankrupt or otherwise fail to fund their share of required capital contributions. Additionally, partners or co-venturers might at any time have economic or other business interests or goals different from our group and Brookfield.
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While our group’s strategy is to structure these arrangements to afford our group certain protective rights in relation to operating and financing activities, joint ventures, partnerships and consortium investments may provide for a reduced level of influence over an acquired company because governance rights are shared with others. For example, these arrangements are structured to provide the partnership with veto rights over key operational activities and to require these arrangements to distribute available funds generated by the arrangement, subject to maintaining prudent reserves. Accordingly, decisions relating to the underlying operations and financing activities, including decisions relating to the management and operation, the investment of capital within the arrangement, and the timing and nature of any exit, will be made by a majority or supermajority vote of the investors or by separate agreements that are reached with respect to individual decisions. For example, although we own a controlling stake in our interest in NTS, the arrangements in place with our consortium partners require that certain actions with respect to our investment in NTS and our influence over its business operations require supermajority or greater approval of the consortium, which we cannot carry on our own. As a further example, when our group participates with institutional investors in Brookfield-sponsored or co-sponsored consortiums for asset acquisitions and as a partner in or alongside Brookfield-sponsored or co-sponsored partnerships, there is often a finite term to the investment or a date after which partners are granted liquidity rights, which could lead to the investment being sold prior to the date our group would otherwise choose. In addition, such operations may be subject to the risk that the other investors may make business, financial or management decisions with which our group does not agree or the management of applicable company may take risks or otherwise act in a manner that does not serve our group’s interests. Because our group may have a reduced level of influence over such operations, our group may not be able to realize some or all of the benefits that our group believes will be created from our group and Brookfield’s involvement. If any of the foregoing were to occur, our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations could suffer as a result.
In addition, because some of our group’s transactions and current operations are structured as joint ventures, partnerships or consortium arrangements, the sale or transfer of interests in some of our group’s operations, including our interest in NTS, are or may be subject to rights of first refusal or first offer, tag along rights or drag along rights and some agreements provide for buy-sell or similar arrangements. Such rights may be triggered at a time when our group may not want them to be exercised and such rights may inhibit our ability to sell our group’s interest in an entity within our group’s desired time frame or on any other desired basis.
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Some of our group’s operating subsidiaries operate in jurisdictions with less developed legal systems and could experience potential difficulties in obtaining effective legal redress and create uncertainties.
Some of our businesses operate in jurisdictions with less developed legal systems than those in more established economies. In these jurisdictions, our group could be faced with potential difficulties in obtaining effective legal redress; a higher degree of discretion on the part of governmental authorities; a lack of judicial or administrative guidance on interpreting applicable rules and regulations; inconsistencies or conflicts between and within various laws, regulations, decrees, orders and resolutions; and relative inexperience of the judiciary and courts in such matters.
In addition, in certain jurisdictions, our group may find that the commitment of local business people, government officials and agencies and the judicial system to abide by legal requirements and negotiated agreements could be uncertain, creating particular concerns with respect to permits, approvals and licenses required or desirable for, or agreements entered into in connection with, our group’s business in any such jurisdiction. These may be susceptible to revision or cancellation and legal redress may be uncertain or delayed. There can be no assurance that joint ventures, licenses, permits or approvals (or applications for licenses, permits or approvals) or other legal arrangements will not be adversely affected by the actions of government authorities or others and the effectiveness of and enforcement of such arrangements in these jurisdictions cannot be assured.
Action taken by national, state or provincial governments, including nationalization or the imposition of new taxes, could materially impact the financial performance or value of our group’s assets.
Our group’s assets, including BUUK and NTS, are located in many different jurisdictions, each with its own government and legal system. Different levels of political risk exist in each jurisdiction and it is possible that action taken by a national, state or provincial government, including the nationalization of a business or the imposition of new taxes, could materially impact our financial performance or in extreme cases deprive our group of one or more of its businesses without adequate compensation.
Equipment that we need, including spare parts and components required for project development, may become unavailable or difficult to procure, inhibiting our ability to maintain full availability of existing facilities and also our ability to complete development projects on scope, schedule and budget.

Equipment and spare parts may become unavailable or difficult to procure on terms consistent with those that we have budgeted for. For example, some jurisdictions in which we operate have experienced supply chain challenges resulting from bottlenecks caused by, among other things, increases in demand and challenges involved with ramping up to meet this demand.

While supply chain disruptions that occurred globally in 2021 did not materially impact our business or operations, supply chains could be further disrupted in the future by factors outside of our control. This could include (1) a reduction in the supply or availability of the commodities required to produce the parts and components that we need to maintain existing projects and develop new projects from our development pipeline, (2) lockdowns and workforce disruptions caused by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, (3) the potential physical effects of climate change, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, precipitation, floods and other climatic events and their impact on transportation networks and manufacturing centers, and (4) economic sanctions or embargoes, including those relating to human rights concerns in jurisdictions that produce key materials, components or parts.

Any material delays in procuring equipment or significant cost increases could adversely impact our business and financial condition.
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Our group’s business relies on the use of technology, and as a result, our group may be exposed to cyber-security attacks.
Our group’s business places significant reliance on information and other technology. This technology includes our group’s computer systems used for information, processing, administrative and commercial operations and the operating plant and equipment used by our group’s business. In addition, our group’s business also relies upon telecommunication services to interface with its widely distributed business network and customers. The information and embedded systems of key business partners and regulatory agencies are also important to our group’s operations. Our group’s business relies on this technology functioning as intended.
The computer systems used by our group’s business may be subject to cybersecurity risks or other breaches of information technology security, noting the increasing frequency and severity of these kinds of incidents. In particular, the information technology systems used by our group’s business may be subject to cyber terrorism intended to obtain unauthorized access to our proprietary information and that of our group’s business partners, disclose confidential data in breach of data privacy legislation, destroy data or disable, degrade or sabotage these systems, through the introduction of computer viruses, fraudulent emails, cyber-attacks and other means, and could originate from a variety of sources including our group’s own employees or unknown third parties. Further, the operating equipment used by our group’s business may not continue to perform as it has in the past, and there is a risk of equipment failure due to wear and tear, latent defect, design or operator errors or early obsolescence, among other things
A breach of our group’s cyber security measures or the failure or malfunction of any of our group’s computerized business systems, associated backup or data storage systems could cause our group to suffer a disruption in one or more parts of our group’s business and experience, among other things, financial loss, a loss of business opportunities, misappropriation or unauthorized release of confidential or personal information, damage to our group’s systems and those with whom our group does business, violation of privacy and other laws, litigation, regulatory penalties and remediation and restoration costs as well as increased costs to maintain our group’s systems. For example, the European General Data Protection Regulation, which came into effect in May 2018, includes stringent operational requirements for entities processing personal information and significant penalties for non-compliance.
A breach of our group’s cyber/data security measures, the failure of any such computerized system or of the operating equipment used by our group’s assets for a significant time period could have a material adverse effect on our group’s business prospects, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow and it may not be possible to recover losses suffered from such incidents under our group’s insurance policies. Although our group continues to develop defenses to such attacks, our group can provide no assurance it will be successful in preventing or ameliorating damage from such an attack on our group and, as the manner in which cyber-attacks are undertaken has become more sophisticated, there is a risk that the occurrence of cyber-attack may remain undetected for an extended period.
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Our group’s operating subsidiaries depend on relevant contractual arrangements.
Many of our group’s operating subsidiaries rely on revenue from customers under contracts. There is a risk that customers will default under these contracts. Our group cannot provide assurance that one or more customers will not default on their obligations to our group or that such a default or defaults will not have a material adverse effect on our operations, financial position, future results of operations, or future cash flows. Furthermore, the bankruptcy of one or more of our group’s customers, or some other similar proceeding or liquidity constraint, might make it unlikely that our group would be able to collect all or a significant portion of amounts owed by the distressed entity or entities. In addition, such events might force such customers to reduce or curtail their future use of our group’s products and services, which could have a material adverse effect on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our Brazilian business is dependent on a sole customer for the majority of our revenues. Our future success in this market is dependent upon the continued demand by this customer and expansion of our customer base. Any decline in or loss of demand from this customer for any reason may have a negative impact on our revenues, and an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our dependence on a single customer in this market exposes us to the risk that current or future economic conditions could negatively affect our major customer and cause them to significantly reduce operations or file for bankruptcy.
Our group endeavors to minimize risk wherever possible by structuring our group’s contracts in a way that minimizes volume risk (e.g. minimum guaranteed volumes and ‘take-or-pay’ arrangements), however it is possible that the take-or-pay arrangements may not be fully effective. In addition, the contract terms are finite and in some cases the contracts contain termination or suspension rights for the benefit of the customer.
Certain of our group’s assets with revenues contracted under contracts will be subject to re-contracting risk in the future. Our group cannot provide assurance that we will be able to re-negotiate these contracts once their terms expire, or that even if we are able to do so, that our group will be able to obtain the same prices or terms our group currently receives. If our group is unable to renegotiate these contracts, or unable to receive prices at least equal to the current prices we receive, our group’s business, financial condition, results of operation and prospects could be adversely affected.
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Our group relies on tolling and revenue collection systems.
Revenues at some of our group’s assets depend on reliable and efficient tolling, metering or other revenue collection systems. There is a risk that, if one or more of our group’s businesses are not able to operate and maintain these tolling, metering or other revenue collection systems in the manner expected, or if the cost of operation and maintenance is greater than expected, our group’s assets, business, financial condition, and risks of operations could be materially adversely affected. Users of our group’s facilities who do not pay tolls or other charges may be subject to either direct legal action from the relevant business, or in some cases may be referred to the state for enforcement action. Our group bears the ultimate risk if enforcement actions against defaulting customers are not successful or if enforcement actions are more costly or take more time than expected.
Risks Relating to Our Relationship with Brookfield
Brookfield exercises substantial influence over our group and we are highly dependent on the Service Providers.
Brookfield is the sole shareholder of the partnership’s general partner and holds, directly and indirectly, approximately 11.8% of our exchangeable shares. In addition, Brookfield Infrastructure, which itself is controlled by Brookfield, holds all of our issued and outstanding class B shares, having a 75% voting interest, and class C shares, which entitle the partnership to all of the residual value in our company after payment in full of the amount due to holders of exchangeable shares and class B shares and subject to the prior rights of holders of preferred shares. Together, Brookfield and Brookfield Infrastructure hold an approximate 78.0% voting interest in our company. As a result, Brookfield is able to control the appointment and removal of our directors and the directors of the partnership’s general partner and, accordingly, exercise substantial influence over our group. In addition, the Service Providers, which include wholly-owned subsidiaries of Brookfield, provide management and administration services to our group pursuant to the Master Services Agreement. With the exception of our group’s operating subsidiaries, our group generally does not have any employees and depends on the management and administration services provided by the Service Providers. Other subsidiaries of Brookfield also provide management services to certain of our group’s operating subsidiaries, including NTS. The partners, members, shareholders, directors, officers and employees of Brookfield, or Brookfield Personnel, and support staff that provide services to our group are not required to have as their primary responsibility the management and administration of our group or to act exclusively for our group. Any failure to effectively manage our group’s current operations or to implement our group’s strategy could have a material adverse effect on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
Brookfield has no obligation to source acquisition opportunities for our group and our group may not have access to all infrastructure acquisitions that Brookfield identifies.
Our ability to grow depends on Brookfield’s ability to identify and present our group with acquisition opportunities. However, Brookfield has no obligation to source acquisition opportunities for our group. In addition, Brookfield has not agreed to commit to our group any minimum level of dedicated resources for the pursuit of infrastructure-related acquisitions. There are a number of factors which could materially and adversely impact the extent to which suitable acquisition opportunities are made available from Brookfield, for example:
there is no accepted industry standard for what constitutes an infrastructure asset. For example, Brookfield may consider certain assets that have both real-estate related characteristics and infrastructure related characteristics to be real estate and not infrastructure;
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it is an integral part of Brookfield’s (and our group) strategy to pursue the acquisition of infrastructure assets through consortium arrangements with institutional investors, strategic partners and/or financial sponsors and to form partnerships (including private funds, joint ventures and similar arrangements) to pursue such acquisitions on a specialized or global basis. Although Brookfield has agreed that it will not enter any such arrangements that are suitable for our group without giving our group an opportunity to participate in them, there is no minimum level of participation to which our group will be entitled;
the same professionals within Brookfield’s organization that are involved in sourcing and executing acquisitions that are suitable for our group are responsible for sourcing and executing opportunities for the vehicles, consortiums and partnerships referred to above, as well as having other responsibilities within Brookfield’s broader asset management business. Limits on the availability of such individuals will likewise result in a limitation on the availability of acquisition opportunities for our group;
Brookfield will only recommend acquisition opportunities that it believes are suitable and appropriate for our group. Our focus is on assets where we believe that our operations-oriented approach can be deployed to create value. Accordingly, opportunities where Brookfield cannot play an active role in influencing the underlying assets may not be consistent with our acquisition strategy and, therefore, may not be suitable for our group, even though they may be attractive from a purely financial perspective. Legal, regulatory, tax and other commercial considerations will likewise be an important consideration in determining whether an opportunity is suitable and/or appropriate for our group and will limit our group’s ability to participate in certain acquisitions; and
in addition to structural limitations, the question of whether a particular acquisition is suitable and/or appropriate is highly subjective and is dependent on a number of portfolio construction and management factors including our liquidity position at the relevant time, the expected risk return profile of the opportunity, its fit with the balance of our group’s investments and related operations, other opportunities that we may be pursuing or otherwise considering at the relevant time, our interest in preserving capital in order to secure other opportunities and/or to meet other obligations, and other factors. If Brookfield determines that an opportunity is not suitable or appropriate for us, it may still pursue such opportunity on its own behalf, or on behalf of a Brookfield-sponsored vehicle, partnership or consortium.
In making determinations about acquisition opportunities and investments, consortium arrangements or partnerships, Brookfield may be influenced by factors that result in a misalignment or conflict of interest and may take the interests of others into account, as well as our group’s own interests. See Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions—Conflicts of Interest and Fiduciary Duties.”
Among others, we may pursue acquisition opportunities indirectly through investments in Brookfield-sponsored vehicles, consortiums and partnerships or directly (including by investing alongside such vehicles, consortiums and partnerships). Any references in this Item 3.D “Risk Factors” to our acquisitions, investments, assets, expenses, portfolio companies or other terms should be understood to mean such items held, incurred or undertaken directly by us or indirectly by us through our investment in such Brookfield-sponsored vehicles, consortiums and partnerships.
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The departure of some or all of Brookfield’s professionals could prevent us and Brookfield Infrastructure from achieving our objectives.
Our group depends on the diligence, skill and business contacts of Brookfield’s professionals and the information and opportunities they generate during the normal course of their activities. Our future success will depend on the continued service of these individuals, who are not obligated to remain employed with Brookfield. Brookfield has experienced departures of key professionals in the past and may do so in the future, and we cannot predict the impact that any such departures will have on our group’s ability to achieve its objectives. The departure of a significant number of Brookfield’s professionals for any reason, or the failure to appoint qualified or effective successors in the event of such departures, could have a material adverse effect on our group’s ability to achieve its objectives. The Master Services Agreement does not require Brookfield to maintain the employment of any of its professionals or to cause any particular professionals to provide services to us or on our behalf.
Brookfield’s and Brookfield Infrastructure’s ownership position of our company entitles them to a significant percentage of our dividends, and Brookfield may increase its ownership relative to other shareholders.
Brookfield owns, directly and indirectly, approximately 11.8% of our exchangeable shares, entitling it to all dividends exchangeable shareholders will receive. In addition, Brookfield Infrastructure owns all of the issued and outstanding class B shares of our company, which represent a 75% voting interest, and all of the issued and outstanding class C shares of our company, which entitle the partnership to all of the residual value in our company after payment in full of the amount due to holders of exchangeable shares and class B shares and subject to the prior rights of holders of preferred shares. Together, Brookfield and Brookfield Infrastructure hold an approximate 78.0% voting interest in our company. Brookfield Infrastructure’s ownership of class C shares entitles it to receive dividends as and when declared by our board. Accordingly, Brookfield and Brookfield Infrastructure’s ownership position of exchangeable shares and class C shares of our company allows them to receive a substantial percentage of our dividends. In addition, Brookfield may increase its ownership position in our company. Brookfield may purchase additional exchangeable shares of our company in the open market or pursuant to a private placement, which may result in Brookfield increasing its ownership of our exchangeable shares relative to other shareholders, which could reduce the amount of cash available for distribution to public shareholders.

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None of British Columbia corporate law, the Master Services Agreement and our other arrangements with Brookfield impose on Brookfield any fiduciary duties to act in the best interests of our shareholders or the partnership’s unitholders.
None of British Columbia corporate law, the Master Services Agreement and our other arrangements with Brookfield impose on Brookfield any duty (statutory or otherwise) to act in the best interests of the Service Recipients, nor do they impose other duties that are fiduciary in nature.
Our organizational and ownership structure may create significant conflicts of interest that may be resolved in a manner that is not in the best interests of our company or the best interests of our shareholders.
Our organizational and ownership structure involves a number of relationships that may give rise to conflicts of interest between our company and our shareholders, on the one hand, and Brookfield and Brookfield Infrastructure, on the other hand. For example, our board mirrors the board of the general partner of the partnership, except that our board has one additional non-overlapping board member to assist us with, among other things, resolving any conflicts of interest that may arise from our relationship with Brookfield Infrastructure. In certain instances, the interests of Brookfield or Brookfield Infrastructure may differ from the interests of our company and our shareholders, including with respect to the types of acquisitions made, the timing and amount of distributions by our company, the reinvestment of returns generated by our operations, the use of leverage when making acquisitions and the appointment of outside advisors and service providers. Further, Brookfield may make decisions, including with respect to tax or other reporting positions, from time to time that may be more beneficial to one type of investor or beneficiary than another, or to Brookfield rather than to our company and our shareholders.
In accordance with our articles, the holders of the class B shares are entitled to cast, in the aggregate, a number of votes equal to three times the number of votes attached to the exchangeable shares (which carry one vote per exchangeable share), and except as otherwise expressly provided in the articles or as required by law, the holders of exchangeable shares and class B shares vote together and not as separate classes. Brookfield Infrastructure, which itself is controlled by Brookfield, holds all of our issued and outstanding class B shares, having a 75% voting interest in our company, and class C shares of our company, which entitle the partnership to all of the residual value in our company after payment in full of the amount due to holders of exchangeable shares and class B shares and subject to the prior rights of holders of preferred shares. As a result, Brookfield is able to control the election and removal of our directors and the directors of the partnership’s general partner and, accordingly, exercises substantial influence over our group.
28        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


In addition, the Service Providers, being wholly-owned subsidiaries of Brookfield, provide management services to us pursuant to the Master Services Agreement. Pursuant to the Master Services Agreement, on a quarterly basis, Brookfield Infrastructure will pay a quarterly base management fee to the Service Providers equal to 0.3125% (1.25% annually) of the market value of Brookfield Infrastructure. We reimburse Brookfield Infrastructure for our proportionate share of such fee. For purposes of calculating the base management fee, the market value of Brookfield Infrastructure is equal to the aggregate value of all outstanding units (assuming full conversion of Brookfield’s limited partnership interests in Holding LP into units), preferred units and securities of the other Service Recipients (including our exchangeable shares and the Exchangeable units) that are not held by Brookfield Infrastructure, plus all outstanding third party debt with recourse to a Service Recipient, less all cash held by such entities. Brookfield Infrastructure Special LP, a subsidiary of Brookfield, also receives incentive distributions based on the amount by which quarterly distributions on Holding LP units (other than Holding LP Class A Preferred Units) as well as economically equivalent securities, such as the exchangeable shares, of the other Service Recipients exceed specified target levels as set forth in Holding LP’s limited partnership agreement. This relationship may give rise to conflicts of interest between our company and our shareholders, on the one hand, and Brookfield, on the other, as Brookfield’s interests may differ from the interests of Brookfield Infrastructure, our company or our shareholders.
Brookfield Infrastructure’s arrangements with Brookfield were negotiated in the context of an affiliated relationship and may contain terms that are less favorable than those which otherwise might have been obtained from unrelated parties.
The terms of Brookfield Infrastructure’s arrangements with Brookfield, that apply to our company, were effectively determined by Brookfield. These terms, including terms relating to compensation, contractual or fiduciary duties, conflicts of interest and Brookfield’s ability to engage in outside activities, including activities that compete with us, our activities and limitations on liability and indemnification, may be less favorable than otherwise might have resulted if the negotiations had involved unrelated parties.
The liability of the Service Providers is limited under our arrangements with them and we have agreed to indemnify the Service Providers against claims that they may face in connection with such arrangements, which may lead them to assume greater risks when making decisions relating to us than they otherwise would if acting solely for their own account.
Under the Master Services Agreement, the Service Providers have not assumed any responsibility other than to provide or arrange for the provision of the services described in the Master Services Agreement in good faith and will not be responsible for any action that our company takes in following or declining to follow their advice or recommendations. The liability of the Service Providers under the Master Services Agreement is similarly limited, except that the Service Providers are also liable for liabilities arising from gross negligence. In addition, our company has agreed to indemnify the Service Providers to the fullest extent permitted by law from and against any claims, liabilities, losses, damages, costs or expenses incurred by an indemnified person or threatened in connection with our operations, investments and activities or in respect of or arising from the Master Services Agreement or the services provided by the Service Providers, except to the extent that the claims, liabilities, losses, damages, costs or expenses are determined to have resulted from the conduct in respect of which such persons have liability as described above. These protections may result in the Service Providers tolerating greater risks when making decisions than otherwise would be the case, including when determining whether to use leverage in connection with acquisitions. The indemnification arrangements to which the Service Providers are a party may also give rise to legal claims for indemnification that are adverse to our company.
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The role and ownership of Brookfield may change.
Our arrangements with Brookfield do not require Brookfield to maintain any ownership level in our group, and Brookfield may sell the units or exchangeable shares that it holds in the partnership or our company, respectively. Brookfield may sell or transfer all or part of its interests in the Service Providers without the approval of our group, which could result in changes to the management of our group and its current growth strategy. Additionally, our group cannot predict with any certainty the effect that any changes in ownership level of Brookfield of our group would have on the trading price of our exchangeable shares, the units or our group’s ability to raise capital or make investments in the future. As a result, the future of the group would be uncertain and our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations may suffer.
Our company is not entitled to terminate the Master Services Agreement. Only the general partner of the partnership may terminate the Master Services Agreement, and it may be unable or unwilling to do so.
Our company is not entitled to terminate the Master Services Agreement. Only the general partner of the partnership may terminate the Master Services Agreement, and it may be unable or unwilling to do so. The Master Services Agreement provides that the Service Recipients may terminate the agreement only if: the Service Providers default in the performance or observance of any material term, condition or covenant contained in the agreement in a manner that results in material harm to the Service Recipients and the default continues unremedied for a period of sixty (60) days after written notice of the breach is given to the Service Providers; the Service Providers engage in any act of fraud, misappropriation of funds or embezzlement against any Service Recipient that results in material harm to us; the Service Providers are grossly negligent in the performance of their duties under the agreement and such negligence results in material harm to the Service Recipients; or upon the happening of certain events relating to the bankruptcy or insolvency of the Service Providers. The Master Services Agreement cannot be terminated for any other reason, including if the Service Providers or Brookfield experience a change of control or due solely to the poor performance or under-performance of our group’s operations or assets, and the agreement continues in perpetuity, until terminated in accordance with its terms. Because the general partner of the partnership is an affiliate of Brookfield, it may be unwilling to terminate the Master Services Agreement, even in the case of a default. If the Service Providers’ performance does not meet the expectations of investors, and the general partner of the partnership is unable or unwilling to terminate the Master Services Agreement, our group is not entitled to terminate the agreement and the market price of our exchangeable shares or the units could suffer. Furthermore, the termination of the Master Services Agreement would terminate our group’s rights under the Relationship Agreement and the Licensing Agreement. See Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Relationship Agreement” and Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Licensing Agreement” for more details.
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We guarantee certain debt obligations of Brookfield Infrastructure, which may adversely affect our financial health and make us more vulnerable to adverse economic conditions.
Canada SubCo, a wholly-owned subsidiary of our company, has agreed to guarantee certain commercial paper, unsecured debt securities and preferred securities issued by Brookfield Infrastructure, as well as Brookfield Infrastructure’s obligations under certain credit facilities, thereby causing us to become liable for such obligations. In light of the guarantees, our company is exposed to the credit risk of Brookfield Infrastructure. If Brookfield Infrastructure is unable or fails to pay any of its indebtedness in respect of which our company has provided a guarantee, we may be required to pay all amounts due under such indebtedness, which may affect our financial health and make us more vulnerable to adverse economic conditions. See Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield Infrastructure — Credit Support” for more details.
Risks Relating to our Company
Each exchangeable share has been structured with the intention of providing an economic return equivalent to one unit and therefore we expect that the market price of our exchangeable shares will be significantly impacted by the market price of the units and the combined business performance of our group as a whole.
Each exchangeable share has been structured with the intention of providing an economic return equivalent to one unit and, in addition to contemplating identical dividends to the distributions paid on one unit, each exchangeable share is exchangeable at the option of the holder for one unit (subject to adjustment to reflect certain capital events) or its cash equivalent (the form of payment to be determined at the election of our group). See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital—Exchangeable Shares—Exchange by Holder—Adjustments to Reflect Certain Capital Events.” Our company currently intends to satisfy any exchange requests on the exchangeable shares through the delivery of units rather than cash. As a result, the business operations of Brookfield Infrastructure, and the market price of the units, are expected to have a significant impact on the market price of the exchangeable shares, which could be disproportionate in circumstances where the business operations and results of our company on a standalone basis are not indicative of such market trends. Exchangeable shareholders will have no ability to control or influence the decisions or business of Brookfield Infrastructure.


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Our company is a holding company and its material assets consist solely of interests in our operating subsidiaries.
Our company has no independent means of generating revenue. We depend on distributions and other payments from our operating businesses to provide us with the funds necessary to meet our financial obligations. Our operating businesses are legally distinct from our company and some of them are or may become restricted in their ability to pay dividends and distributions or otherwise make funds available to our company pursuant to local law, regulatory requirements and their contractual agreements, including agreements governing their financing arrangements. Our operating businesses will generally be required to service their debt obligations before making distributions to our company.
Our company is a “foreign private issuer” under U.S. securities law. Therefore, we are exempt from requirements applicable to U.S. domestic registrants listed on the NYSE.
Although our company is subject to the periodic reporting requirement of the Exchange Act, the periodic disclosure required of foreign private issuers under the Exchange Act is different from periodic disclosure required of U.S. domestic registrants. Therefore, there may be less publicly available information about our company than is regularly published by or about other companies in the United States. Our company is exempt from certain other sections of the Exchange Act to which U.S. domestic issuers are subject, including the requirement to provide our shareholders with information statements or proxy statements that comply with the Exchange Act. In addition, insiders and large shareholders of our company are not obligated to file reports under Section 16 of the Exchange Act, and we are permitted to follow certain home country corporate governance practices instead of those otherwise required under the NYSE Listed Company Manual for domestic issuers. We currently intend to follow the same corporate practices as would be applicable to U.S. domestic companies under the U.S. federal securities laws and NYSE corporate governance standards; however, as our company is externally managed by the Service Providers pursuant to the Master Services Agreement, we do not have a compensation committee. However, we may in the future elect to follow our home country law for certain of our other corporate governance practices (being Bermuda and British Columbia for the partnership and our company, respectively), as permitted by the rules of the NYSE, in which case our shareholders would not be afforded the same protection as provided under NYSE corporate governance standards to U.S. domestic registrants. Following our home country governance practices as opposed to the requirements that would otherwise apply to a U.S. domestic company listed on the NYSE may provide less protection than is accorded to investors of U.S. domestic issuers.
Our company’s operations in the future may be different than our current business.
Our operations are currently utilities businesses, but we may own interests in other infrastructure operations in the future. Brookfield Infrastructure’s operations today include utilities, transport, midstream and data businesses in North and South America, Europe and Asia Pacific. The risks associated with the operations of Brookfield Infrastructure, or our future operations, may differ than those associated with our business.
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Our company is not, and does not intend to become, regulated as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or the Investment Company Act (and similar legislation in other jurisdictions) and, if our company were deemed an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act, applicable restrictions could make it impractical for us to operate as contemplated.
The Investment Company Act (and similar legislation in other jurisdictions) provides certain protections to investors and imposes certain restrictions on companies that are required to be regulated as investment companies. Among other things, such rules limit or prohibit transactions with affiliates, impose limitations on the issuance of debt and equity securities and impose certain governance requirements. Our company has not been and does not intend to become regulated as an investment company and our company intends to conduct its activities so it will not be deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act (and similar legislation in other jurisdictions). In order to ensure that we are not deemed to be an investment company, we may be required to materially restrict or limit the scope of our operations or plans. We are limited in the types of acquisitions that we may make, and we may need to modify our organizational structure or dispose of assets which we would not otherwise dispose. Moreover, if anything were to happen which would cause our company to be deemed an investment company under the Investment Company Act, it would be impractical for us to operate as contemplated. Agreements and arrangements between and among us and Brookfield would be impaired, the type and number of acquisitions that we would be able to make as a principal would be limited and our business, financial condition and results of operations would be materially adversely affected. Accordingly, we would be required to take extraordinary steps to address the situation, such as the amendment or termination of the Master Services Agreement, the restructuring of our company and our operating subsidiaries, the amendment of our governing documents or the dissolution of our company, any of which could materially adversely affect the value of our exchangeable shares.
Our failure to maintain effective internal controls could have a material adverse effect on our business in the future and the price of our exchangeable shares.
As a public company, we are subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and stock exchange rules promulgated in response to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. A number of our current operating subsidiaries are and potential future acquisitions will be private companies and their systems of internal controls over financial reporting may be less developed as compared to public company requirements. Any failure to maintain adequate internal controls over financial reporting or to implement required, new or improved controls, or difficulties encountered in their implementation, could cause material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in our internal controls over financial reporting and could result in errors or misstatements in our consolidated financial statements that could be material. If we or our independent registered public accounting firm were to conclude that our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective, investors could lose confidence in our reported financial information and the price of our exchangeable shares could decline. Our failure to achieve and maintain effective internal controls could have a material adverse effect on our business, our ability to access capital markets and investors’ perception of us. In addition, material weaknesses in our internal controls could require significant expense and management time to remediate.
Our group uses leverage and such indebtedness may result in our group or our group’s operating businesses being subject to certain covenants that restrict our group’s ability to engage in certain types of activities or to make distributions to equity.
Many of our group’s operating subsidiaries, including BUUK and NTS, have entered into or will enter into credit facilities or have incurred or will incur other forms of debt, including for acquisitions. The total quantum of exposure to debt within our group is significant, and we may become more leveraged in the future.
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Leveraged assets are more sensitive to declines in revenues, increases in expenses and interest rates, and adverse economic, market and industry developments. A leveraged company’s income and net assets also tend to increase or decrease at a greater rate than would otherwise be the case if money had not been borrowed. As a result, the risk of loss associated with a leveraged company, all other things being equal, is generally greater than for companies with comparatively less debt. In addition, the use of indebtedness in connection with an acquisition may give rise to negative tax consequences to certain investors. Leverage may also result in a requirement for short-term liquidity, which may force the sale of assets at times of low demand and/or prices for such assets. This may mean that our group is unable to realize fair value for the assets in a sale.
Our group’s credit facilities also contain, and will contain in the future, covenants applicable to the relevant borrower and events of default. Covenants can relate to matters including limitations on financial indebtedness, dividends, acquisitions, or minimum amounts for interest coverage, Adjusted EBITDA, cash flow or net worth. If an event of default occurs, or minimum covenant requirements are not satisfied, this can result in a requirement to immediately repay any drawn amounts or the imposition of other restrictions including a prohibition on the payment of distributions to equity.

Our group may acquire distressed companies and these acquisitions may subject our group to increased risks, including the incurrence of additional legal or other expenses.
As part of our group’s acquisition strategy, our group may acquire distressed companies. This could involve acquisitions of securities of companies in event-driven special situations, such as acquisitions, tender offers, bankruptcies, recapitalizations, spinoffs, corporate and financial restructurings, litigation or other liability impairments, turnarounds, management changes, consolidating industries and other catalyst-oriented situations. Acquisitions of this type involve substantial financial and business risks that can result in substantial or total losses. Among the problems involved in assessing and making acquisitions in troubled issuers is the fact that it frequently may be difficult to obtain information as to the condition of such issuer. If, during the diligence process, our group fails to identify issues specific to a company or the environment in which our company operates, our group may be forced to later write down or write off assets, restructure our group’s operations, or incur impairment or other charges that may result in other reporting losses.
As a consequence of our group’s role as an acquirer of distressed companies, our group may be subject to increased risk of incurring additional legal, indemnification or other expenses, even if we are not named in any action. In distressed situations, litigation often follows when disgruntled shareholders, creditors and other parties seek to recover losses from poorly performing investments. The enhanced litigation risk for distressed companies is further elevated by the potential that Brookfield or entities within our group may have controlling or influential positions in these companies.
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Risks Relating to the Exchangeable Shares
Our company may redeem the exchangeable shares at any time without the consent of the holders.
Our board, in its sole discretion and for any reason, and without the consent of holders of exchangeable shares, may elect to redeem all of the then outstanding exchangeable shares at any time upon sixty (60) days’ prior written notice, including without limitation following the occurrence of any of the following redemption events: (i) the total number of exchangeable shares outstanding decreases by 50% or more over any twelve-month period; (ii) a person acquires 90% of the units in a take-over bid (as defined by applicable securities law); (iii) unitholders of the partnership approve an acquisition of the partnership by way of arrangement or amalgamation; (iv) unitholders of the partnership approve a restructuring or other reorganization of the partnership; (v) there is a sale of all or substantially all of the partnership assets; (vi) there is a change of law (whether by legislative, governmental or judicial action), administrative practice or interpretation, or a change in circumstances of our company and our shareholders, that may result in adverse tax consequences for our company or our shareholders; or (vii) our board, in its sole discretion, concludes that the unitholders of the partnership or holders of exchangeable shares are adversely impacted by a fact, change or other circumstance relating to our company. For greater certainty, unitholders do not have the ability to vote on such redemption and the board’s decision to redeem all of the then outstanding exchangeable shares will be final. In addition, the holder of class B shares may deliver a notice to our company specifying a redemption date upon which our company shall redeem all of the then outstanding exchangeable shares, and upon sixty (60) days’ prior written notice from our company to holders of the exchangeable shares and without the consent of holders of exchangeable shares, our company shall be required to redeem all of the then outstanding exchangeable shares on such redemption date. In the event of such redemption, holders of exchangeable shares will no longer own a direct interest in our company and will become unitholders of the partnership or receive cash based on the value of a unit, even if such holders desired to remain holders of exchangeable shares. Such redemption could occur at a time when the trading price of the exchangeable shares is greater than the trading price of the units, in which case holders would receive units (or its cash equivalent) with a lower trading price.
See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares — Redemption by Issuer”. In the event that an exchangeable share held by a holder is redeemed by our company or exchanged by the holder, the holder will be considered to have disposed of such exchangeable share for Canadian income tax purposes. See Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material Canadian Federal Income Tax Considerations” for more information.
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Holders of exchangeable shares do not have a right to elect whether to receive cash or units upon a liquidation, exchange or redemption event. Rather, our group has the right to make such election in its sole discretion.
In the event that (i) there is a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of our company or the partnership, (ii) our company or the partnership exercises its right to redeem (or cause the redemption of) all of the then outstanding exchangeable shares, or (iii) a holder of exchangeable shares requests an exchange of exchangeable shares, holders of exchangeable shares shall be entitled to receive one unit per exchangeable share held (subject to adjustment to reflect certain capital events described in this annual report on Form 20-F and certain other payment obligations in the case of a liquidation, dissolution or winding up of our company or the partnership) or its cash equivalent. The form of payment will be determined at the election of our group so a holder will not know whether cash or units will be delivered in connection with any of the events described above. Our company and the partnership currently intend to satisfy any exchange requests on the exchangeable shares through the delivery of units rather than cash. See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares”.
Any holder requesting an exchange of their exchangeable shares for which our company or the partnership elects to provide units in satisfaction of the exchange amount may experience a delay in receiving such units, which may affect the value of the units the holder receives in an exchange.
Each exchangeable share is exchangeable at the option of the holder for one unit (subject to adjustment to reflect certain capital events) or its cash equivalent (the form of payment to be determined at the election of our group). See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares — Exchange by Holder — Adjustments to Reflect Certain Capital Events.” In the event cash is used to satisfy an exchange request, the amount payable per exchangeable share will be equal to the NYSE closing price of one unit on the date that the request for exchange is received by the transfer agent. As a result, any decrease in the value of the units after that date will not affect the amount of cash received. However, any holder whose exchangeable shares are exchanged for units will not receive such units for up to ten (10) business days after the applicable request is received. During this period, the market price of units may decrease. Any such decrease would affect the value of the unit consideration to be received by the holder of exchangeable shares on the effective date of the exchange.
The partnership is required to maintain an effective registration statement in order to exchange any exchangeable shares for units. If a registration statement with respect to the units issuable upon any exchange, redemption or acquisition of exchangeable shares (including in connection with any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of our company) is not current or is suspended for use by the SEC, no exchange or redemption of exchangeable shares for units may be effected during such period.

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The exchangeable shares may not trade at the same price as the units.
Although the exchangeable shares are intended to provide an economic return that is equivalent to the units, there can be no assurance that the market price of exchangeable shares will be equal to the market price of units at any time. If our company redeems the exchangeable shares (which can be done without the consent of the holders) at a time when the trading price of the exchangeable shares is greater than the trading price of the units, holders will receive units (or its cash equivalent) with a lower trading price. Factors that could cause differences in such market prices may include:
perception and/or recommendations by analysts, investors and/or other third parties that these securities should be priced differently;
actual or perceived differences in distributions to holders of exchangeable shares versus holders of the units, including as a result of any legal prohibitions;
business developments or financial performance or other events or conditions that may be specific to only Brookfield Infrastructure or our company; and
difficulty in the exchange mechanics between exchangeable shares and units, including any delays or difficulties experienced by the transfer agent in processing the exchange requests.
If a sufficient amount of exchangeable shares are exchanged for units, then the exchangeable shares may be de-listed.
The exchangeable shares trade on the NYSE and the TSX. However, if a sufficient amount of exchangeable shares are exchanged for units, or our company exercises our redemption right at any time including if the total number of exchangeable shares decreases by 50% or more over any twelve-month period, our company may fail to meet the minimum listing requirements on the NYSE and the TSX, and the NYSE or the TSX may take steps to de-list the exchangeable shares. Though holders of exchangeable shares will still be entitled to exchange each such share at any time for one unit (subject to adjustment to reflect certain capital events described in Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association —Description of our Share Capital”), or its cash equivalent (the form of payment to be determined at the election of our group), a de-listing of the exchangeable shares would have a significant adverse effect on the liquidity of the exchangeable shares, and holders thereof may not be able to exit their investments in the market on favorable terms.
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     37


The market price of the exchangeable shares and units may be volatile, and holders of exchangeable shares and/or units may lose a significant portion of their investment due to drops in the market price of exchangeable shares and/or units.
The market price of the exchangeable shares and the units may be volatile and holders of such securities may not be able to resell their securities at or above the implied price at which they acquired such securities or otherwise due to fluctuations in the market price of such securities, including changes in market price caused by factors unrelated to our company or Brookfield Infrastructure’s operating performance or prospects. Specific factors that may have a significant effect on the market price of the exchangeable shares and the units include:
changes in stock market analyst recommendations or earnings estimates regarding the exchangeable shares or units, other companies and partnerships that are comparable to our company or Brookfield Infrastructure or are in the industries that they serve;
with respect to the exchangeable shares, changes in the market price of the units, and vice versa;
actual or anticipated fluctuations in our company and partnership’s operating results or future prospects;
reactions to public announcements by our company and Brookfield Infrastructure;
strategic actions taken by our company or Brookfield Infrastructure;
adverse conditions in the financial market or general U.S. or international economic conditions, including those resulting from war, incidents of terrorism and responses to such events; and
sales of such securities by our company, Brookfield Infrastructure or significant stockholders.
Exchanges of exchangeable shares for units may negatively affect the market price of the units, and additional issuances of exchangeable shares would be dilutive to the units.
Each exchangeable share is exchangeable by the holder thereof for one unit (subject to adjustment to reflect certain capital events) or its cash equivalent (the form of payment to be determined at the election of our group). See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares —Exchange by Holder — Adjustments to Reflect Certain Capital Events.” If our group elects to deliver units in satisfaction of any such exchange request, a significant number of additional units may be issued from time to time which could have a negative impact on the market price for units. Additionally, any exchangeable shares issued by our company in the future will also be exchangeable in accordance with the terms of the exchangeable shares and, accordingly, any future exchanges satisfied by the delivery of units would dilute the percentage interest of existing holders of the units and may reduce the market price of the units.
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We or the partnership may issue additional shares or units in the future, or securities exchangeable into shares or units, including in lieu of incurring indebtedness, which may dilute holders of our equity securities and could depress the trading price of our shares and/or the units. We or the partnership may also issue securities that have rights and privileges that are more favorable than the rights and privileges accorded to our equity holders.
Subject to the terms of any of our securities then outstanding, we may issue additional securities, including exchangeable shares, class B shares, class C shares, preference shares, options, rights and warrants for any purpose and for such consideration and on such terms and conditions as our board may determine. Subject to the terms of any of our securities then outstanding, our board will be able to determine the class, designations, preferences, rights, powers and duties of any additional securities, including any rights to share in our profits, losses and dividends, any rights to receive our company’s assets upon our dissolution or liquidation and any redemption, conversion and exchange rights. Subject to the terms of any of our securities then outstanding, our board may use such authority to issue such additional securities, which would dilute holders of such securities, or to issue securities with rights and privileges that are more favorable than those of our exchangeable shares.
Similarly, under the partnership’s limited partnership agreement, subject to the terms of any preferred units then outstanding, the partnership’s general partner may issue additional partnership securities, including units, preferred units, options, rights, warrants and appreciation rights relating to partnership securities for any purpose and for such consideration and on such terms and conditions as the board of the partnership’s general partner may determine. Subject to the terms of any of the partnership securities then outstanding, the board of the partnership’s general partner will be able to determine the class, designations, preferences, rights, powers and duties of any additional partnership securities, including any rights to share in the partnership’s profits, losses and dividends, any rights to receive the partnership’s assets upon its dissolution or liquidation and any redemption, conversion and exchange rights. Subject to the terms of any of the partnership securities then outstanding, the board of the partnership’s general partner may use such authority to issue such additional partnership securities, which would dilute holders of such securities, or to issue securities with rights and privileges that are more favorable than those of the units.
The sale or issuance of a substantial number of our exchangeable shares, the units, other equity securities of our company or the partnership, other securities exchangeable into our exchangeable shares or the units, or the exchange of the BIPC Exchangeable LP Units or the perception that such sales, issuances or exchanges could occur, could depress the market price of our exchangeable shares and impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional exchangeable shares. For example, November 2021, our group issued 9,476,900 units and 2,140,000 exchangeable shares in a public offering in the United States and Canada, together with an additional 7,104,300 Redeemable Partnership Units to Brookfield in a concurrent private placement. In addition, we have also issued securities as consideration for acquisitions. For example, in connection with the acquisition of IPL, in the third and fourth quarter of 2021 we issued a total of 25,990,103 exchangeable shares and BIPC Exchange LP issued a total of 4,075,217 BIPC Exchangeable LP Units. We cannot predict the effect that future sales or issuances of our exchangeable shares, units, other equity securities, or securities exchangeable into our exchangeable shares or the units would have on the market price of our exchangeable shares or the units. Subject to the terms of any of our securities then outstanding, holders of exchangeable shares will not have any pre-emptive right or any right to consent to or otherwise approve the issuance of any securities or the terms on which any such securities may be issued.
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Our company cannot assure you that it will be able to pay dividends equal to the levels currently paid by the partnership and holders of exchangeable shares may not receive dividends equal to the distributions paid on the units and, accordingly, may not receive the intended economic equivalence of those securities.
The exchangeable shares are intended to provide an economic return per exchangeable share equivalent to one unit (subject to adjustment to reflect certain capital events). See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association —Description of Our Share Capital — Exchange by Holder — Adjustments to Reflect Certain Capital Events.” However, dividends are at the discretion of our board of directors and unforeseen circumstances (including legal prohibitions) may prevent the same dividends from being paid on each security. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that dividends and distributions will be identical for each exchangeable share and unit, respectively, in the future, which may impact the market price of these securities. Dividends on our exchangeable shares may not equal the levels currently paid by the partnership for various reasons, including, but not limited to, the following:
our company may not have enough unrestricted funds to pay such dividends due to changes in our company’s cash requirements, capital spending plans, cash flow or financial position;
decisions on whether, when and in which amounts to make any future dividends will be dependent on then-existing conditions, including our company’s financial conditions, earnings, legal requirements, including limitations under British Columbia law, restrictions on our company’s borrowing agreements that limit our ability to pay dividends and other factors we deem relevant; and
our company may desire to retain cash to improve our credit profile or for other reasons.
Non-U.S. shareholders are subject to foreign currency risk associated with our company’s dividends.
A significant number of our shareholders reside in countries where the U.S. dollar is not the functional currency. Our dividends are denominated in U.S. dollars but are settled in the local currency of the shareholder receiving the dividend. For each non-U.S. shareholder, the value received in the local currency from the dividend will be determined based on the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the applicable local currency at the time of payment. As such, if the U.S. dollar depreciates significantly against the local currency of the non-U.S. shareholder, the value received by such shareholder in its local currency will be adversely affected.
The exchangeable shares are not units and will not be treated as units for purposes of the application of applicable Canadian or U.S. rules relating to takeover bids, issuer bids and tender offers.
Units and exchangeable shares are not securities of the same class. As a result, holders of exchangeable shares will not be entitled to participate in an offer or bid made to acquire units, and holders of units will not be entitled to participate in an offer or bid made to acquire exchangeable shares. In the event of a takeover bid for units, a holder of exchangeable shares who would like to participate would be required to tender his or her exchangeable shares for exchange, in order to receive a unit, or the cash equivalent, at the election of our group, pursuant to the exchange right. If an issuer tender offer or issuer bid is made for the units at a price in excess of the market price of the units and a comparable offer is not made for the exchangeable shares, then the conversion factor for the exchangeable shares may be adjusted. See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares — Exchange by Holder — Adjustments to Reflect Certain Capital Events” for more information on the circumstances in which adjustments may be made to the conversion factor.
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The Rights Agreement will terminate on March 31, 2025.
The Rights Agreement will terminate on March 31, 2025, unless otherwise terminated earlier pursuant to its terms. After such date, holders of exchangeable shares will no longer have the benefit of the protections provided for by the Rights Agreement and will be reliant solely on the rights provided for in our company’s articles. In the event that our company or the partnership fails to satisfy a request for exchange after the expiry of the Rights Agreement, a tendering holder will not be entitled to rely on the secondary exchange rights.
See Item 10.B “Memorandum and Articles of Association — Description of Our Share Capital — Exchangeable Shares — Exchange by Holder” and Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Rights Agreement”.
U.S. investors in our exchangeable shares may find it difficult or impossible to enforce service of process and enforcement of judgments against us and our board and the Service Providers.
We were established under the laws of the Province of British Columbia, and most of our subsidiaries are organized in jurisdictions outside of the United States. In addition, our executive officers are located outside of the United States. Certain of our directors and officers and the Service Providers reside outside of the United States. A substantial portion of our assets are, and the assets of our directors and officers and the Service Providers may be located outside of the United States. It may not be possible for investors to effect service of process within the United States upon our directors and officers and the Service Providers. It may also not be possible to enforce against us, or our directors and officers and the Service Providers, judgments obtained in U.S. courts predicated upon the civil liability provisions of applicable securities law in the United States.
Risks Relating to Taxation
General
Changes in tax law and practice may have a material adverse effect on the operations of the partnership, our company, the Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities, and the Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities and, as a consequence, the value of the Brookfield Infrastructure assets and the ability of the partnership and our company to make distributions to unitholders and holders of exchangeable shares, respectively.
The Brookfield Infrastructure structure, including the structure of the Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities and the Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities, is based on prevailing taxation law and practice in the local jurisdictions in which Brookfield Infrastructure operates. Any change in tax legislation (including in relation to taxation rates) and practice in these jurisdictions could adversely affect these entities, as well as the ability of the partnership and our company to make distributions to unitholders and holders of exchangeable shares, respectively. Taxes and other constraints that would apply to the Brookfield Infrastructure entities in such jurisdictions may not apply to local institutions or other parties, and such parties may therefore have a significantly lower effective cost of capital and a corresponding competitive advantage in pursuing such acquisitions.
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We may be exposed to transfer pricing risks.
To the extent that the partnership, our company, the Holding LP, the Brookfield Infrastructure Holding Entities or the Brookfield Infrastructure Operating Entities enter into transactions or arrangements with parties with whom they do not deal at arm’s length, the relevant tax authorities may seek to adjust the quantum or nature of the amounts included or deducted from taxable income by such entities if they consider that the terms and conditions of such transactions or arrangements differ from those that would have been made between persons dealing at arm’s length. This could result in more tax (and penalties and interest) being paid by such entities, and therefore the return to unitholders and holders of exchangeable shares could be reduced.

We believe that the base management fee and any other amount that is paid to the Service Providers will be commensurate with the value of the services being provided by the Service Providers and comparable to the fees or other amounts that would be agreed to in an arm’s length arrangement. However, no assurance can be given in this regard.
United States
The exchange of exchangeable shares for units may result in the U.S. federal income taxation of any gain realized by a U.S. Holder.
Depending on the facts and circumstances, the exchange of exchangeable shares for units by a U.S. Holder may result in the U.S. federal income taxation of any gain realized by such U.S. Holder. In general, a U.S. Holder exchanging exchangeable shares for units pursuant to the exercise of the exchange right will recognize capital gain or loss (i) if the exchange request is satisfied by the delivery of units by Brookfield pursuant to the Rights Agreement or (ii) if the exchange request is satisfied by the delivery of units by our company and the exchange is, within the meaning of Section 302(b) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, in “complete redemption” of the U.S. Holder’s equity interest in our company, a “substantially disproportionate” redemption of stock, or “not essentially equivalent to a dividend”, applying certain constructive ownership rules that take into account not only the exchangeable shares and other equity interests in our company actually owned but also other equity interests in our company treated as constructively owned by such U.S. Holder for U.S. federal income tax purposes. If an exchange request satisfied by the delivery of units by our company is not treated as a sale or exchange under the foregoing rules, then it will be treated as a taxable distribution equal to the amount of cash and the fair market value of property received (such as units) without any offset for a U.S. Holder’s tax basis in the exchangeable shares exchanged.
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In general, if the partnership satisfies an exchange request by delivering units to a U.S. Holder pursuant to the partnership’s exercise of the partnership call right, then the U.S. Holder’s exchange of exchangeable shares for units will qualify as tax-free under Section 721(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, unless at the time of such exchange, the partnership (i) is a publicly traded partnership treated as a corporation or (ii) would be an “investment company” if it were incorporated for purposes of Section 721(b) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. In the case described in (i) or (ii) of the preceding sentence, a holder that is a U.S. taxpayer may recognize gain upon the exchange. We understand that the general partner of the partnership believes that the partnership will be treated as a partnership and not as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes. In addition, based on the shareholders’ rights in the event of the liquidation or dissolution of our company (or the partnership) and the terms of the exchangeable shares, which are intended to provide an economic return equivalent to the economic return on the units (including identical distributions), and taking into account the expected relative values of the partnership’s assets and its ratable share of the assets of its subsidiaries for the foreseeable future, we understand that the general partner of the partnership currently expects that a U.S. Holder’s exchange of exchangeable shares for units pursuant to the exercise of the partnership call right will not be treated as a transfer to an investment company for purposes of Section 721(b) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. Accordingly, we understand that the general partner of the partnership currently expects a U.S. Holder’s exchange of exchangeable shares for units pursuant to the partnership’s exercise of the partnership call right to qualify as tax-free under Section 721(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. However, no definitive determination can be made as to whether any such future exchange will qualify as tax-free under Section 721(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, as this will depend on the facts and circumstances at the time of the exchange. Many of these facts and circumstances are not within the control of the partnership, and no assurance can be provided as to the position, if any, taken by the general partner of the partnership with regard to the U.S. federal income tax treatment of any such exchange. Nor can any assurance be given that the IRS will not assert, or that a court would not sustain, a position contrary to any future position taken by the partnership. If Section 721(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code does not apply, then a U.S. Holder who exchanges exchangeable shares for units pursuant to the partnership’s exercise of the partnership call right will be treated as if such holder had sold its exchangeable shares to the partnership in a taxable transaction for cash in an amount equal to the value of the units received.

Even if a U.S. Holder’s transfer of exchangeable shares in exchange for units pursuant to the partnership’s exercise of the partnership call right qualifies as tax-free under Section 721(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, we understand that the general partner of the partnership currently expects for the partnership and Holding LP to immediately undertake subsequent transfers of such exchangeable shares that would result in the allocation to such U.S. Holder of any gain realized under Section 704(c)(1) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. Under this provision, if appreciated property is contributed to a partnership, the contributing partner must recognize any gain that was realized but not recognized for U.S. federal income tax purposes with respect to the property at the time of the contribution (referred to as “built-in gain”) if the partnership sells such property (or otherwise transfers such property in a taxable exchange) at any time thereafter or distributes such property to another partner within seven years of the contribution in a transaction that does not otherwise result in the recognition of “built-in gain” by the partnership. If, contrary to the current expectations of the general partner of the partnership, Section 704(c)(1) does not apply as a result of any such subsequent transfers by the partnership or Holding LP of exchangeable shares transferred by a U.S. Holder for units in an exchange qualifying as tax-free under Section 721(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, then such U.S. Holder could, nonetheless, be required to recognize part or all of the built-in gain in its exchangeable shares deferred as a result of such exchange under Section 737 or Section 707(a) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, depending on whether the partnership or Holding LP were to make certain types of distributions to such U.S. Holder following the exchange.
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For a more complete discussion of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the exchange of exchangeable shares for units, see Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Consequences to U.S. Holders — Ownership and Disposition of Exchangeable Shares” below. The U.S. federal income tax consequences of exchanging exchangeable shares for units are complex, and U.S. Holders should consult their own tax advisers regarding such consequences in light of their particular circumstances.
Distributions on exchangeable shares made to Non-U.S. Holders may be subject to U.S. withholding tax if Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code applies.
Distributions on exchangeable shares made to Non-U.S. Holders generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax, except that U.S. withholding tax may apply to any portion of a distribution made on exchangeable shares that is treated as a deemed dividend under Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. Specifically, a 30% withholding tax generally applies to deemed dividend amounts (“dividend equivalents”) with respect to certain contractual arrangements held by non-U.S. persons which reference any interest in an entity if that interest could give rise to a U.S.-source dividend. Under Treasury Regulations, a Section 871(m) transaction is treated as directly referencing the assets of a partnership that holds significant investments in certain securities (such as stock of a U.S. corporation). The partnership indirectly holds stock of a U.S. corporation through the Holding LP, and the exchangeable shares are intended to be structured so that distributions are identical to distributions on units. Accordingly, the contractual arrangements relating to the exchangeable shares could be subject to Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, as discussed below.

Whether U.S. withholding tax applies with respect to a Section 871(m) transaction depends, in part, on whether it is classified for purposes of Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code as a “simple” contract or “complex” contract. No direct authority addresses whether the contractual arrangements relating to the exchangeable shares constitute a simple contract or a complex contract. Our company intends to take the position and believes that such contractual arrangements do not constitute a simple contract. In such case, under Treasury Regulations, as modified by an IRS Notice, such contractual arrangements should not be subject to Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code before January 1, 2023, and no portion of a distribution made on exchangeable shares before such date should be subject to U.S. withholding tax by reason of treatment as a dividend equivalent under Section 871(m). For distributions made on exchangeable shares on or after January 1, 2023, Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code will apply if the contractual arrangements relating to the exchangeable shares meet a “substantial equivalence” test. If this is the case, U.S. federal withholding tax (generally at a rate of 30%) is expected to apply to any portion of a distribution on exchangeable shares that is treated as a dividend equivalent and paid on or after January 1, 2023.
This 30% withholding tax may be reduced or eliminated under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code or an applicable income tax treaty, provided that the Non-U.S. Holder properly certifies its eligibility by providing an IRS Form W-8. If, notwithstanding the foregoing, our company is unable to accurately or timely determine the tax status of a Non-U.S. Holder for purposes of establishing whether reduced rates of withholding apply, then U.S. withholding tax at a rate of 30% may apply to any portion of a distribution on exchangeable shares that is treated as a dividend equivalent under Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. A dividend equivalent may also be subject to a 30% withholding tax under the Foreign Account Tax Compliance provisions of the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act of 2010 (“FATCA”), unless a Non-U.S. Holder properly certifies its FATCA status on IRS Form W-8 or other applicable form and satisfies any additional requirements under FATCA.
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Notwithstanding the foregoing, our company’s position that the contractual arrangements relating to the exchangeable shares do not constitute a simple contract does not bind the IRS. The Treasury Regulations under Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code require complex determinations with respect to contractual arrangements linked to U.S. equities, and the application of these regulations to the exchangeable shares is uncertain. Accordingly, the IRS could challenge our company’s position and assert that the contractual arrangements relating to the exchangeable shares constitute a simple contract, in which case U.S. withholding tax currently would apply, generally at a rate of 30% (subject to reduction or elimination under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code or an applicable income tax treaty), to that portion, if any, of a distribution on exchangeable shares that is treated as referencing a U.S.-source dividend paid to the partnership or the Holding LP. Non-U.S. Holders should consult their own tax advisers regarding the implications of Section 871(m) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code and FATCA for their ownership of exchangeable shares with regard to their particular circumstances.
For a more complete discussion of the U.S. federal income tax consequences to Non-U.S. Holders of owning exchangeable shares, see Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations — Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders — Ownership and Disposition of Exchangeable Shares” below. The U.S. federal income tax consequences of owning exchangeable shares are complex, and Non-U.S. Holders should consult their own tax advisers regarding such consequences in light of their particular circumstances.
Canada
Canadian federal income tax considerations described herein may be materially and adversely impacted by certain events.
If BIPC ceases to qualify as a “mutual fund corporation” under the Tax Act, the income tax considerations described under the heading Item 10.E “Taxation — Certain Material Canadian Federal Income Tax Considerations” would be materially and adversely different in certain respects.
In general, there can be no assurance that Canadian federal income tax laws respecting the treatment of mutual fund corporations or otherwise respecting the treatment of our company will not be changed in a manner that adversely affects our shareholders, or that such tax laws will not be administered in a way that is less advantageous to our company or our shareholders.
General Risks
All of our group’s operating subsidiaries are subject to general economic and political conditions and risks relating to the markets in which our group operates.

The industries in which our group operates are impacted by political and economic conditions, and in particular, adverse events in financial markets, which may have a profound effect on global or local economies. Some key impacts of general financial market turmoil include contraction in credit markets resulting in a widening of credit spreads, devaluations and enhanced volatility in global equity, commodity and foreign exchange markets and a general lack of market liquidity. A slowdown in the financial markets or other key measures of the global economy or the local economies of the regions in which our group operates, including, but not limited to, new home construction, employment rates, business conditions, inflation, fuel and energy costs, commodity prices, lack of available credit, the state of the financial markets, interest rates and tax rates may adversely affect our group’s growth and profitability.
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The demand for services provided by our group’s operating subsidiaries are, in part, dependent upon and correlated to general economic conditions and economic growth of the regions applicable to the relevant asset. Poor economic conditions or lower economic growth in a region or regions may, either directly or indirectly, reduce demand for the services provided by an asset. For example, a credit/liquidity crisis, such as the global crisis experienced in 2008/2009, could materially impact the cost and availability of financing and overall liquidity; the volatility of commodity output prices and currency exchange markets could materially impact revenues, profits and cash flow; volatile energy, commodity input and consumables prices and currency exchange rates could materially impact production costs; poor local or regional economic conditions could materially impact the level of traffic on our toll roads or volume of commodities transported on our rail network and/or shipped through our ports; our U.K. regulated distribution business earns connection revenues that would be negatively impacted by an economic recession and a reduction of housing starts in the U.K.; and the devaluation and volatility of global stock markets could materially impact the valuation of our units and preferred units.
In addition, our group may be affected by political uncertainties in the United States and Europe, which may have global repercussions, including in markets where our group currently operates or intends to expand into in the future.
Risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.
The rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus, including subsequent mutations, and actions taken globally in response to COVID-19, have generally disrupted business activities in the jurisdictions in which we operate and elsewhere. Governments around the world implemented stringent measures to control the spread of the virus, including quarantines, social distancing protocols, "shelter in place" and "stay at home" orders, travel restrictions, business curtailments, school closures and other measures, that restricted economic and social activity. Governments and central banks around the world have also enacted fiscal and monetary stimulus measures to mitigate the economically harmful impact of these COVID-19 response measures. Our group’s business relies, to a certain extent, on free movement of goods, services, and capital around the world, all of which were restricted as a result of COVID-19. At the outset of the pandemic, we implemented a response plan designed to maintain our operations despite the outbreak of the virus, including extra safety precautions with respect to our personnel and contingency plans with respect to our facilities.
Given the ongoing and dynamic nature of the circumstances surrounding COVID-19, it is difficult to predict how COVID-19, including any responses to it, will impact the global economy and our business or for how long any disruptions are likely to continue. The extent of such impact will depend on future developments, which are uncertain, evolving and difficult to predict, including, but not limited to, new information which may emerge concerning, additional variants of COVID-19 that may be able to circumvent the protections afforded by existing vaccines and/or may be more transmissible (like the Omicron variant) or result in more severe sickness (like the Delta variant), additional actions which may be taken to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, such as re-imposing previously lifted measures or putting in place additional restrictions, and the availability, pace of distribution and social acceptance of effective vaccines and of government efforts to slow the spread of COVID-19.
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We may experience direct or indirect impacts from the pandemic, including delays in development or construction activities and contract counterparties failing to meet their obligations. The direct or indirect impacts of the pandemic going forward may also be different from those we currently face. For example, changing workforce patterns and tightening labor market conditions resulting from the pandemic could make it more difficult for us and the Service Provider to secure and retain talented professionals in our core markets. Similarly, supply chain constraints related to the pandemic and economic inflation resulting from government support for economies could result in higher costs for goods and services and adversely impact our business. Any such developments could have an adverse effect on our assets, liabilities, business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

Our group is subject to foreign currency risk and our risk management activities may adversely affect the performance of our operations.
A significant portion of our group’s current operating subsidiaries, including BUUK and NTS, are in countries where the U.S. dollar is not the functional currency. These operations pay distributions in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which our group must convert to U.S. dollars prior to making distributions, and certain of our group’s operating subsidiaries have revenues denominated in currencies different from our group’s expense structure, thus exposing our group to currency risk. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates could reduce the value of cash flows generated by our operating subsidiaries or could make it more expensive for our group’s customers to purchase our services and consequently reduce the demand for our group’s services. In addition, a significant depreciation in the value of such foreign currencies may have a material adverse effect on our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
When managing our group’s exposure to such market risks, our group may use forward contracts, options, swaps, caps, collars and floors or pursue other strategies or use other forms of derivative instruments. The success of any hedging or other derivative transactions that our group enters into generally will depend on our ability to structure contracts that appropriately offset our group’s risk position. As a result, while our group may enter into such transactions in order to reduce our group’s exposure to market risks, unanticipated market changes may result in poorer overall investment performance than if the derivative transaction had not been executed. Such transactions may also limit the opportunity for gain if the value of a hedged position increases.
General economic and business conditions that impact the debt or equity markets could impact our group’s ability to access credit markets.
General economic and business conditions that impact the debt or equity markets could impact the availability of credit to, and cost of credit for, our group. Our group has revolving credit facilities and other short-term borrowings. The amount of interest charged on these will fluctuate based on changes in short-term interest rates. Any economic event that affects interest rates or the ability to refinance borrowings could materially adversely impact our group’s financial condition. Movements in interest rates could also affect the discount rates used to value our group’s assets, which in turn could cause their valuations calculated under IFRS to be reduced resulting in a material reduction in our group’s equity value.
In addition, some of our group’s operations either currently have a credit rating or may have a credit rating in the future. A credit rating downgrade may result in an increase in the cost of debt for the relevant businesses and reduced access to debt markets.
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Some assets in our group’s portfolio have a requirement for significant capital expenditure. For other assets, cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments combined with cash flow generated from operations are believed to be sufficient for it to make the foreseeable required level of capital investment. However, no assurance can be given that additional capital investments will not be required in these businesses. If our group is unable to generate enough cash to finance necessary capital expenditures through operating cash flow, then our group may be required to issue additional equity or incur additional indebtedness. The issue of additional equity would be dilutive to existing shareholders at the time. Any additional indebtedness would increase our group’s leverage and debt payment obligations, and may negatively impact our group’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our group’s business relies on continued access to capital to fund new investments and capital projects. While our group aims to prudently manage our group’s capital requirements and ensure access to capital is always available, it is possible our group may over commit ourselves or misjudge the requirement for capital or the availability of liquidity. Such a misjudgment may require capital to be raised quickly and the inability to do so could result in negative financial consequences or in extreme cases bankruptcy.
All of our group’s operating subsidiaries are subject to changes in government policy and legislation.
Our group’s financial condition and results of operations could also be affected by changes in economic or other government policies or other political or economic developments in each country or region, as well as regulatory changes or administrative practices over which our group has no control such as: the regulatory environment related to our group’s business operations, concession agreements and periodic regulatory resets; interest rates; benchmark interest rate reforms, including changes to the administration of the London Inter-bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”); currency fluctuations; exchange controls and restrictions; inflation; tariffs; liquidity of domestic financial and capital markets; policies relating to climate change or policies relating to tax; and other political, social, economic, and environmental and occupational health and safety developments that may occur in or affect the countries in which our group’s operating subsidiaries are located or conduct business or the countries in which the customers of our group’s operating subsidiaries are located or conduct business or both.
In addition, operating costs can be influenced by a wide range of factors, many of which may not be under the control of the owner/operator, including the need to comply with the directives of central and local government authorities. For example, in the case of our group’s utility, transport and energy operations, our group cannot predict the impact of future economic conditions, energy conservation measures, alternative fuel requirements, or governmental regulation all of which could reduce the demand for or availability of commodities our group’s transport and energy operations rely upon, most notably coal and natural gas. It is difficult to predict government policies and what form of laws and regulations will be adopted or how they will be construed by the relevant courts, or to the extent which any changes may adversely affect us our group. For example, in Europe the withdrawal of the U.K. from the European Union and military tensions and conflict in Eastern Europe could contribute to global uncertainty and could significantly disrupt the free movement of goods, services, and people which could result in potentially higher costs of conducting business in Europe and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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The Financial Conduct Authority (the “FCA”) in the United Kingdom ceased compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR in 2021. In response, the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York organized the Alternative Reference Rates Committee which identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") as its preferred alternative to USD-LIBOR in derivatives and other financial contracts. In November 2020, the ICE Benchmark Administration Limited, the benchmark administrator for USD LIBOR rates, proposed extending the publication of certain commonly-used USD LIBOR settings until June 30, 2023 and the FCA issued a statement supporting such proposal. It is not possible to predict the effect of these changes, including when LIBOR will cease to be available or when there will be sufficient liquidity in the SOFR markets.

Our group has outstanding debt and derivatives with variable rates that are indexed to LIBOR. The discontinuance of, or changes to, benchmark interest rates may require adjustments to agreements to which we and other market participants are parties, as well as to related systems and processes. In the transition from the use of LIBOR to SOFR or other alternatives, uncertainty exists as to the extent and manner of future changes may result in interest rates and/or payments that are higher than or lower than or that do not otherwise correlate over time with the interest rates and/or payments that would have been made on our group’s obligations if LIBOR was available in its current form. Use of alternative interest rates or other LIBOR reforms could result in increased volatility or a tightening of credit markets which could adversely affect our group’s ability to obtain cost-effective financing. In addition, the transition of our group’s existing LIBOR financing agreements to alternative benchmarks may result in unanticipated changes to the overall interest rate paid on our liabilities.

Our group may be exposed to natural disasters, weather events, uninsurable losses and force majeure events.
Force majeure is the term generally used to refer to an event beyond the control of the party claiming that the event has occurred, including but not limited to acts of God, fires, floods, earthquakes, wars and labor strikes. The assets of our group’s infrastructure businesses are exposed to unplanned interruptions caused by significant catastrophic events such as cyclones, landslides, explosions, terrorist attacks, war, floods, earthquakes, fires, major plant breakdowns, pipeline or electricity line ruptures, accidents, extreme weather events or other disasters. Operational disruption, as well as supply disruption, could adversely affect the cash flow available from these assets. In addition, the cost of repairing or replacing damaged assets could be considerable and could give rise to third-party claims. In some cases, project agreements can be terminated if the force majeure event is so catastrophic as to render it incapable of remedy within a reasonable time period. Repeated or prolonged interruption may result in a permanent loss of customers, substantial litigation, damage, or penalties for regulatory or contractual non-compliance. Moreover, any loss from such events may not be recoverable in whole or in part under relevant insurance policies. Business interruption insurance is not always available, or available on reasonable economic terms to protect the business from these risks.
Given the nature of the assets operated by our group’s operating subsidiaries, we may be more exposed to risks in the insurance market that lead to limitations on coverage and/or increases in premium. The ability of our group’s operating subsidiaries to obtain the required insurance coverage at a competitive price may have an impact on the returns generated by them and accordingly the returns our group receives.
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Performance of our group’s operating subsidiaries may be harmed by future labor disruptions and economically unfavorable collective bargaining agreements.
Performance of our group’s operating subsidiaries may be harmed by future labor disruptions and economically unfavorable collective bargaining agreements. Our group’s current operations or other business operations have workforces that are unionized or that in the future may become unionized and, as a result, are required to negotiate the wages, benefits and other terms with many of their employees collectively. If an operating entity were unable to negotiate acceptable contracts with any of its unions as existing agreements expire, it could experience a significant disruption of its operations, higher ongoing labor costs and restrictions on its ability to maximize the efficiency of its operations, which could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, in some jurisdictions where our group has operations, labor forces have a legal right to strike, which may have an impact on our group’s operations, either directly or indirectly, for example if a critical upstream or downstream counterparty was itself subject to a labor disruption which impacted our ability to operate.

Our group’s operations are exposed to occupational health and safety and accident risks.
Infrastructure projects and operational assets are highly exposed to the risk of accidents that may give rise to personal injury, loss of life, disruption to service and economic loss. Some of the tasks undertaken by employees and contractors are inherently dangerous and have the potential to result in serious injury or death.
Our group’s operating subsidiaries are subject to laws and regulations governing health and safety matters, protecting both members of the public and their employees and contractors. Occupational health and safety legislation and regulations differ in each jurisdiction. Any breach of these obligations, or serious accidents involving our group’s employees, contractors or members of the public could expose them to adverse regulatory consequences, including the forfeit or suspension of operating licenses, potential litigation, claims for material financial compensation, reputational damage, fines or other legislative sanction, all of which have the potential to impact the results of our operating entities and our ability to make distributions. Furthermore, where our group does not control a business, our group has a limited ability to influence health and safety practices and outcomes.
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Many of our group’s operations are subject to economic regulation and may be exposed to adverse regulatory decisions.
Our group’s operations are subject to economic regulation and may be exposed to adverse regulatory decisions. Due to the essential nature of some of the services provided by our group’s assets and the fact that some of these services are provided on a monopoly or near monopoly basis, many of our group’s operations are subject to forms of economic regulation. This regulation can involve different forms of price control and can involve ongoing commitments to economic regulators and other governmental agencies. The terms upon which access to our group’s facilities is provided, including price, can be determined or amended by a regulator periodically. Future terms to apply, including access charges that our group’s operations are entitled to charge, cannot be determined with any certainty, as our group does not have discretion as to the amount that can be charged. New legislation, regulatory determinations or changes in regulatory approaches may result in regulation of previously unregulated businesses or material changes to the revenue or profitability of our group’s operations. In addition, a decision by a government or regulator to regulate non-regulated assets may significantly and negatively change the economics of these businesses and the value or financial performance of our group.
Our group’s infrastructure business is at risk of becoming involved in disputes and possible litigation.
Our group’s infrastructure business is at risk of becoming involved in disputes and possible litigation, the extent of which cannot be ascertained. Any material or costly dispute or litigation could adversely affect the value of the assets or future financial performance of our group. In addition, as a result of the actions of the operating subsidiaries, our group could be subject to various legal proceedings concerning disputes of a commercial nature, or to claims in the event of bodily injury or material damage. The final outcome of any proceeding could have a negative impact on the business, financial condition or results of operations of our group during a given quarter or financial year.
Our group’s operating subsidiaries’ ability to finance our operations is subject to various risks relating to the state of the capital markets.
Our group’s financing strategy involves the issuance of partnership level equity, exchangeable
shares and the issuance of corporate debt. For example, in November 2021, our group issued 9,476,900 units and 2,140,000 exchangeable shares in a public offering in the United States and Canada, together with an additional 7,104,300 Redeemable Partnership Units to Brookfield in a concurrent private placement.
Our group, including BUUK and NTS, has corporate debt and limited recourse project level debt, the majority of which is non-recourse that will need to be replaced from time to time. Our financings may contain conditions that limit our ability to repay indebtedness prior to maturity without incurring penalties, which may limit our capital markets flexibility. As such, a number of risks arise with respect to refinancing our group’s existing indebtedness, including, among other factors, dependence on continued operating performance of our group’s assets, future electricity market prices, future capital markets conditions, the level of future interest rates and investors’ assessment of our group’s credit risk, and perceived environmental and social governance risk, at such time. In addition, certain of our group’s financings are, and future financings may be exposed to floating interest rate risks, and if interest rates increase, an increased proportion of our group’s cash flow may be required to service indebtedness.
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Future acquisitions, development and construction of new facilities and other capital expenditures, including those arising from our group’s committed backlog of organic growth projects, will be financed out of cash generated from our group’s operations, borrowings and possible future sales of equity. Further, our group may look to finance transactions through our capital recycling program, resulting in the disposition of certain of our group’s assets. As a large portion of our group’s capital is invested in physical assets and securities, relying on capital recycling as a means of financing could be difficult, as such assets can be hard to sell, especially if market conditions are poor. A lack of liquidity could limit our group’s ability to vary our portfolio or assets promptly in response to changing economic or investment conditions. Additionally, if financial or operating difficulties of other owners result in distress sales, such sales could depress asset values in the markets in which our group operates.
In addition to the above, our group’s ability to obtain financing to finance our group’s growth is dependent on, among other factors, the overall state of the capital markets, continued operating performance of our group’s assets, future electricity market prices, the level of future interest rates and investors’ assessment of our group’s credit risk at such time, and investor appetite for investments in infrastructure assets in general and in our group’s securities in particular. To the extent that external sources of capital become limited or unavailable or available on onerous terms, our ability to fund acquisitions and make necessary capital investments to construct new or maintain existing facilities will be impaired, and as a result, our group’s business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may be materially adversely affected.
Changes in our group’s credit ratings may have an adverse effect on our group’s financial position and ability to raise capital.
Our group cannot assure you that any credit rating assigned to us or any of our subsidiaries’ debt securities will remain in effect for any given period of time or that any rating will not be lowered or withdrawn entirely by the relevant rating agency. A lowering or withdrawal of such ratings may have an adverse effect on our group’s financial position and ability to raise capital.

Our group may suffer a significant loss resulting from fraud, bribery, corruption, other illegal acts, inadequate or failed internal processes or systems, or from external events.
Our group may suffer a significant loss resulting from fraud, bribery, corruption, other illegal acts by our employees or those of Brookfield (including those in parts of the Brookfield group that do not engage or interact with Brookfield Infrastructure), inadequate or failed internal processes or systems, or from external events, such as security threats affecting our ability to operate. Both Brookfield and our group operate in different markets and rely on our group’s employees to follow our group’s policies and processes as well as applicable laws in their activities. Risk of illegal acts or failed systems is managed through our infrastructure, controls, systems and people, complemented by a focus on enterprise-wide management of specific operational risks such as fraud, bribery and corruption, as well as personnel and systems risks. Specific programs, policies, standards and methodologies have been developed to support the management of these risks. However, these cannot guarantee that such conduct does not occur and if it does, it can result in direct or indirect financial loss, reputational impact or regulatory consequences.
New regulatory initiatives related to ESG could adversely impact our business.
While we believe that regulatory initiatives and market trends towards an increased focus on ESG are generally beneficial to the Partnership, any such regulatory initiatives also have the potential to adversely impact us. For example, regulatory initiatives seeking to reorient investment toward sustainability by regulating green financial products could have the effect of increasing disclosure requirements around ESG and prescribing approaches to ESG policies that are inconsistent with our current practices.

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If regulators disagree with the ESG disclosures that we make, we may face regulatory enforcement action, and our business or reputation could be adversely affected. There is also a risk that a significant reorientation in the market following the implementation of any such measures could be adverse to our business if we are perceived to be presenting a product or business as having green or sustainable characteristics where this is not, in fact, the case (i.e., “greenwashing”). Additionally, compliance with any new regulations or laws generally increases our regulatory burden and could make compliance more difficult and expensive thereby adversely impacting our financial position.

We may not be able to identify and assess all potential human rights impacts of our business activities.

While we pride ourselves on our commitment to ethical business practices and the controls, policies and practices that we have in place with respect to such practices, we may not be able to identify and assess all potential human rights impacts of our investment activities, operations and supply chain. Any potential human rights abuses that occur and are in any way associated with our business, whether through third-party business relationships or otherwise, could have an adverse impact on our reputation, as well as present legal and financial risks.
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ITEM 4. INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY
4.A    HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF BROOKFIELD INFRASTRUCTURE
Overview of our Company
Our company was established on August 30, 2019 by Brookfield Infrastructure to be an alternative investment vehicle for investors who prefer owning our infrastructure operations through a corporate structure and we became a separately-traded public company upon completion of the special distribution in March 2020. Our company owns and operates high-quality, long-life assets that generate stable cash flows, require relatively minimal maintenance capital expenditures and, by virtue of barriers to entry or other characteristics, tend to appreciate in value over time. As of December 31, 2021, our operations consisted principally of the ownership and operation of regulated gas transmission systems in Brazil and of regulated distribution operations in the U.K. In February of 2022, we expanded our operations to Australia where we acquired a non-controlling interest in a regulated utility. Upon Brookfield’s recommendation and allocation of opportunities to our company, we intend to seek acquisition opportunities in other sectors with similar attributes and in which we can deploy our operations-oriented approach to create value.
Although our current operations are utilities located in the U.K., Brazil and Australia, shareholders have exposure to eight markets across the transport, midstream, and data operating segments by virtue of the exchange feature of our company’s exchangeable shares. The exchangeable shares of our company are structured with the intention of being economically equivalent to the units of the partnership. We believe economic equivalence is achieved through identical dividends and distributions on the exchangeable shares and the partnership’s units and each exchangeable share being exchangeable at the option of the holder for one unit of the partnership at any time. Given the economic equivalence, we expect that the market price of the exchangeable shares will be significantly impacted by the market price of the partnership’s units and the combined business performance of our company and Brookfield Infrastructure as a whole. In making an investment decision relating to our securities, investors should carefully consult the documents prepared by the partnership.
Our group’s mission is to own and operate a globally diversified portfolio of high-quality infrastructure assets that will generate sustainable and growing distributions over the long-term for unitholders and shareholders. To accomplish this objective, our group will seek to leverage its operating segments to acquire infrastructure assets and actively manage them to extract additional value following our group’s initial investment. As the business matures and cash flows have been de-risked, we seek to recycle capital and re-invest in assets that are expected to generate higher returns. An integral part of our group’s strategy is to participate along with institutional investors in Brookfield-sponsored infrastructure funds that target acquisitions that suit our group’s profile. Our group focuses on investments in which Brookfield has sufficient influence or control to deploy an operations-oriented approach.
Our group targets a total return of 12% to 15% per annum on the infrastructure assets that it owns, measured over the long term. Our group intends to generate this return from the in-place cash flows from our operations plus growth through investments in upgrades and expansions of our asset base, as well as acquisitions. The partnership determines its distributions based primarily on an assessment of our operating performance. Our group uses FFO to assess operating performance and can be used on a per unit basis as a proxy for future distribution growth over the long-term. See Item 5 “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for more detail.
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The partnership’s distributions are underpinned by stable, highly regulated and contracted cash flows generated from operations. The partnership’s objective is to pay a distribution that is sustainable on a long-term basis and has set its target payout ratio at 60-70% of the partnership’s FFO. The partnership targets 5% to 9% annual distribution increase in light of growth it foresees in its operations.
On February 1, 2022, the board of directors of the general partner of the partnership approved a 6% increase in the partnership’s quarterly distribution to $0.54 per unit (or $2.16 per unit annualized). Distributions have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 9% over the last 10 years.
Our board may declare dividends at its discretion. However, each of our exchangeable shares has been structured with the intention of providing an economic return equivalent to one unit of the partnership. It is expected that dividends on our exchangeable shares will be declared and paid at the same time and in the same amount as distributions are declared and paid on the units of the partnership. Accordingly, on February 1, 2022, our board approved a quarterly dividend of $0.54 per exchangeable share (or $2.16 per exchangeable share annualized), starting with the dividend to be paid in March 2022.
Currently, the Service Providers, which are wholly-owned subsidiaries of Brookfield, provide certain management, administrative and advisory services to Brookfield Infrastructure for a fee pursuant to the Master Services Agreement. Our company is also externally managed by the Service Providers. See Item 6.A “Directors and Senior Management — Our Master Services Agreement”.
The SEC maintains an Internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information relating to our company. The site is located at http://www.sec.gov. Similar information can also be found on our website at https://bip.brookfield.com/bipc. In addition to carefully considering the disclosure made in this document, shareholders are strongly encouraged to carefully review the partnership’s periodic reporting. The partnership is required to file reports, including annual reports on Form 20-F, and other information with the SEC. The partnership’s SEC filings are available to the public from the SEC’s website noted above. Copies of documents that have been filed with the Canadian securities authorities can be obtained at www.sedar.com. Information about the partnership, including its SEC filings, is also available on its website at https://bip.brookfield.com. The information found on, or accessible through, our website does not form part of this annual report on Form 20-F.
History and Development of our Business
Our company was formed as a corporation established under the BCBCA on August 30, 2019 and is a subsidiary of the partnership. Brookfield is our company’s ultimate parent. We became a separately-traded public company upon completion of the special distribution in March 2020, as described below. The exchangeable shares are listed on the New York Stock Exchange and the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol “BIPC”. The registered head office of our company is 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY, 10281, United States.
On March 30, 2020, the partnership contributed its U.K. regulated distribution operation and Brazilian regulated gas transmission operation to our company in exchange for loans receivable, exchangeable shares, class B shares and class C shares. On March 31, 2020, the partnership completed a special distribution whereby unitholders, as of record date March 20, 2020, received one exchangeable share for every nine units held (the “special distribution”). A subsidiary of the partnership owns all of the issued and outstanding class B shares which represent a 75% voting interest in our company, and all of the issued and outstanding class C shares of our company. The class C shares entitle the partnership to the residual value in our company after payment in full of the amount due to holders of exchangeable shares and class B shares.
Holders of exchangeable shares hold an aggregate 25.0% voting interest in our company.

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Recent Developments
On August 20, 2021, Brookfield Infrastructure acquired an effective 41% interest in Inter Pipeline Ltd. (“IPL”) for total consideration of approximately $2.8 billion (the “initial IPL acquisition”). Subsequently, Brookfield Infrastructure acquired an additional 18% interest for approximately $1.2 billion (along with the initial IPL acquisition, hereafter referred to as the “IPL acquisitions”). In connection with the IPL acquisitions, our company issued approximately $1.6 billion of exchangeable shares. In addition, BIPC Exchange LP, a subsidiary of the partnership, issued $259 million of BIPC Exchangeable LP Units which are exchangeable on a one-for-one basis, for exchangeable shares.
On November 17, 2021, our company issued 2,140,000 exchangeable shares for gross proceeds of approximately $134 million (approximately $128 million net of issuance costs) in public offerings in the United States and Canada.
Subsequent to these issuances, Brookfield holds approximately 11.8% of the issued and outstanding exchangeable shares of our company and holds an approximate 3.0% voting interest in our company through its ownership of exchangeable shares. Together, Brookfield and Brookfield Infrastructure hold an approximate 78.0% voting interest in our company.
On February 16, 2022, our company acquired an approximate 10% non-controlling interest in AusNet Services Ltd., an Australian regulated utility, for total consideration of approximately $0.5 billion.
2020 Developments
On July 29, 2020, Brookfield completed a secondary offering of approximately 5 million exchangeable shares, inclusive of the over-allotment option. Immediately following the offering, Brookfield held approximately 19.3% of the issued and outstanding exchangeable shares of our company and held an approximate 4.8% voting interest in our company through its ownership of exchangeable shares. Together, Brookfield and Brookfield Infrastructure held an approximate 79.8% voting interest in our company immediately following the secondary offering.
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4.B    BUSINESS OVERVIEW
Our Operations
Our company is an indirect subsidiary of the partnership, one of the world’s largest diversified infrastructure owner and operators. Our company, through its subsidiaries, is an owner and operator of regulated utility investments in South America and the U.K. As of December 31, 2021, we own interests in a regulated gas and electricity business in the U.K., and a regulated natural gas transmission business in Brazil. In February of 2022, we expanded our operations to Australia where we acquired a non-controlling interest in a regulated utility. Over 90% of our revenues are supported by the underlying regulatory framework or long-term contracts in the businesses we own. These stable cash flows help provide visibility and certainty around our company’s dividend.
Our operations are summarized below:
Overview
Our business is comprised of a U.K. regulated distribution operation, a Brazilian regulated natural gas transmission operation and an Australian regulated utility. These businesses earn a return on a regulated or notionally stipulated asset base, which we refer to as rate base, or from revenues in accordance with long-term agreements. Our rate base increases with capital that we invest to upgrade and expand our systems. Depending on the jurisdiction, our rate base may also increase by inflation and maintenance capital expenditures and decrease by regulatory depreciation. The return that we earn is typically determined by a regulator for prescribed periods of time. Thereafter, it may be subject to customary reviews based upon established criteria. Our diversified portfolio of assets allows us to mitigate exposure to any single regulatory regime. In addition, due to the franchise frameworks and economies of scale of our businesses, we often have significant competitive advantages in competing for projects to expand our rate base and earn incremental revenues. Accordingly, we expect this segment to produce stable revenue and margins over time that should increase with investment of additional capital and inflation. Nearly all of our revenues are regulated or contractual.
The objectives for our utilities segment are to invest capital in the expansion of our rate base, as well as to provide safe and reliable service for our customers on a cost-efficient basis. If we do so, we will be in a position to earn an appropriate return on our rate base and strengthen our market position. Our performance can be measured by the growth in our rate base, the return on our rate base, and the growth in our AFFO.
Our operations are comprised of the following:
Approximately 2,000 kilometers of natural gas pipelines in Brazil
Approximately 3.9 million gas and electricity connections
Approximately 61,000 kilometers of operational electricity transmission and distribution lines in Australia
For a description of our principal capital expenditures in the last three fiscal years, see Item 5.B “Liquidity and Capital Resources— Capital Backlog and Capital Expenditures”.

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Brazil
Our regulated gas transmission operation in Brazil operates over 2,000 kilometers of natural gas transportation pipelines in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais. The total capacity of 158 million cubic meters is fully contracted under long-term “ship-or-pay”, inflation adjusted gas transportation agreements (“GTAs”) that have an average remaining life of 8 years. These assets operate under perpetual authorizations.
Strategic Position
Our regulated gas transmission operation in Brazil provides the backbone of Brazil’s southeast natural gas transportation system, supplying natural gas to a region responsible for approximately 50% of Brazil’s demand, including Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. The operation benefits from stable long-term cash flows, with 100% of its 158 million cubic meter capacity fully contracted under long-term “ship-or-pay”, inflation adjusted GTAs that have an average remaining life of 8 years.
Regulatory Environment
The natural gas transmission industry in Brazil is regulated by the Brazilian National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas, and Biofuels (“ANP”). Each GTA provides owners with a return on regulatory asset base and tariffs calculated on an inflation adjusted regulatory weighted average cost of capital (“WACC”) fixed for the term of the agreement. These assets operated as authorizations expiring between 2039 and 2041 until the approval of new legislation in April 2021 (the “Brazil Gas Law”), which extended these finite authorizations in perpetuity. The new Brazil Gas Law also allows an ‘entry-exit’ model to be adopted for the gas transportation systems, which is expected to foster growth of the market and our regulated gas transmission operation in Brazil.
Growth Opportunities
We believe that attractive growth opportunities exist for our transmission operation. Our natural gas transmission operation in Brazil is strategically located in the region where the majority of Brazilian economic activity and pre-salt offshore oil production occurs. We believe this operation is well positioned to absorb increasing demand as natural gas is used as an efficient and low carbon intensive energy solution for both home and industry, and as the new ‘entry-exit’ model incentivizes utilization of our transportation infrastructure by multiple new shippers.
United Kingdom
Our regulated distribution operation is the leading independent “last-mile”, multi-utility connection provider, with approximately 3.9 million connections.
Strategic Position
Our regulated distribution operation is critical to the markets in which it is located. Our system is currently a market leader in terms of new gas and electricity connection sales to the new-build housing market, and total installed connections among independent utilities. The operation generates stable cash flows underpinned by a diverse customer base throughout England, Scotland and Wales. Our U.K. customers consist primarily of large energy retailers who serve residential and commercial users.
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Regulatory Environment
Our regulated distribution operation competes with other connection providers to secure contracts to construct, own and operate connections to the home for seven product lines which include: natural gas, electricity, fiber, water, wastewater, district heating, and cooling. Once connections are established, we charge retailers rates based on the tariff of the distribution utility with which we are interconnected. These tariffs are set on the basis of a regulated asset base. The connection rate is typically adjusted annually and provides inflation protection as it escalates at inflation minus a factor determined by the U.K. regulator. During the first 25 years after the commissioning of a connection, the gas connection rate is subject to a cap and floor that escalates by an inflation factor. Connections revenue does not vary materially with volume transported over our system.    

Growth Opportunities
We believe that our regulated distribution operation will be able to grow organically. Growth in our operation is expected to benefit from (i) the progressive build out of our large existing backlog of connections, (ii) continued strong momentum in the new-build housing sector, and (iii) the establishment of new product offerings such as water, fiber, and district energy, which will increase our bundled service offering to new and existing customers.
Australia
Our Australian regulated utility is primarily comprised of approximately 7,000 kilometers of electricity transmission lines and 54,000 kilometers of electricity distribution lines across the state of Victoria. The business operates under a regulatory framework and long term unregulated contracts. The business also owns a regulated gas distribution business that comprises approximately 10% of its revenues.
Strategic Position
Approximately 80% of our revenues in Australia are earned from our regulated electricity transmission and distribution networks in Victoria. The electricity transmission network supplies approximately 6 million people and the electricity distribution network supplies approximately 770,000 residential and business customers. The regulated gas distribution network is one of three in Victoria and supplies approximately 760,000 customers.
Regulatory Environment
Our Australian regulated utility operates under a revenue cap set by the Australian Energy Regulator over a regulatory period and tariffs are adjusted annually. Our gas distribution business operates under a price cap mechanism increased at a pre-determined rate annually for each regulatory period. The regulatory period is typically five years. The tariffs are calculated as a regulatory WACC return on the regulated asset base, as well as an allowance for operating costs and taxation, regulatory depreciation and efficiency incentives.
Growth Opportunities
Our Australian regulated utility is well positioned to capture a high proportion of the Victorian unregulated electricity transmission market, and benefit from the decarbonization and renewable energy targets of Victoria’s economy in light of the state’s net zero carbon emissions target by 2050. In order to achieve the state’s net zero targets, a significant amount of capital investment will be required to electrify the existing network that we are well positioned to participate in.
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Our Growth Strategy
Our group’s vision is to be a leading owner and operator of high-quality infrastructure assets. We will seek to grow by deploying our group’s operations-oriented approach to enhance value and by leveraging our group’s relationship with Brookfield to pursue acquisitions. To execute our group’s strategy, we seek to:
incorporate our group’s technical insight into the evaluation and execution of acquisitions;
maintain a disciplined approach to acquisitions;
actively manage our group’s assets to improve operating performance; and
employ a hands-on approach to key value drivers such as capital investments, development projects, follow-on acquisitions and financings.
We believe that our group’s relationship with Brookfield will provide us with competitive advantages in comparison with a stand-alone infrastructure company in the following respects:
ability to leverage Brookfield’s transaction structuring expertise;
ability to pursue acquisitions of businesses that own infrastructure assets together with other assets that have a riskier cash flow profile;
ability to acquire assets developed by Brookfield through its operating platforms; and
ability to participate alongside Brookfield and in or alongside Brookfield-sponsored or co-sponsored consortiums, partnerships and companies.
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Intellectual Property
Our company is automatically entitled to the benefits and certain obligations under the Licensing Agreement that Brookfield Infrastructure has entered into with Brookfield, by virtue of the fact that our company is a controlled subsidiary of the partnership. Pursuant to the Licensing Agreement, Brookfield has granted a non-exclusive, royalty-free license to use the name “Brookfield” and the Brookfield logo. Other than under this limited license, we do not have a legal right to the “Brookfield” name and the Brookfield logo on a global basis. Brookfield may terminate the Licensing Agreement immediately upon termination of our Master Services Agreement and it may be terminated in the circumstances described under Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions — Relationship with Brookfield — Licensing Agreement”.
Governmental, Legal and Arbitration Proceedings
Our group, and our company specifically may be named as a party in various claims and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. Our group has not been in the previous 12 months and is not currently subject to any material governmental, legal or arbitration proceedings which may have or have had a significant impact on our company’s financial position or profitability nor is our company aware of such proceedings that are pending or threatened.
Employees
Our company does not employ any of the individuals who carry out the management and activities of our infrastructure business, other than employees of our operating subsidiaries. The personnel that carry out these activities are employees of Brookfield, and their services are provided to Brookfield Infrastructure and our company or for their benefit under our Master Services Agreement. For a discussion of the individuals from Brookfield’s management team that are involved in our infrastructure business, see Item 6.A “Directors and Senior Management”. Our operating subsidiaries currently employ approximately 1,900 individuals within the U.K. and Brazil.
Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) Management
As described under Item 4.A “History and Development of Brookfield Infrastructure” and Item 4.C “Organizational Structure — Brookfield and the Service Providers,” Brookfield’s economic interest in the partnership is approximately 27.2% on a fully-exchanged basis, and affiliates of Brookfield Asset Management provide services to our group under the Master Services Agreement.
Grounded in our group’s history as owners and operators of real assets, strong ESG management has always been a fundamental part of our asset management approach. We believe that having a robust ESG strategy is crucial for us to create productive, profitable businesses over the long-term, creating value for unitholders and shareholders. We understand that well-run businesses are those that have a solid moral authority from all stakeholders to execute their business plans.
ESG management is fully integrated into the full asset life cycle from initial due diligence through the investment management process. We understand that good governance is essential to sustainable business operations. ESG is guided by Brookfield’s ESG Steering Committee, which comprises senior executives at Brookfield and each of its major business operations. The ESG Steering Committee’s mandate is to set the ESG strategy, oversee and coordinate ESG initiatives, share best practices across businesses and encourage improvements in ESG performance.


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2021 Highlights
In 2021, Brookfield and our group made progress on a number of initiatives as part of our continued effort to strengthen ESG practices.
Brookfield Infrastructure published its inaugural ESG Report, which can be accessed on the Responsibility section of our website. Highlights from our inaugural Brookfield Infrastructure ESG report include:
A focus on our health and safety governance, ESG affiliations, and our contribution to the decarbonization of the global economy
Information on quantitative metrics, including our scope 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions and metrics related to ethnic and gender diversity
A standardized GRI index
Going forward, we will look to update the report on an annual basis. We believe our report exemplifies the continued progress we are making in elevating our ESG initiatives, as well as the related commitment to transparency.
Climate change mitigation and adaptation continues to be a key area of focus and we have made progress in a number of areas:
We continue to make progress on our alignment with the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (“TCFD”) and we recently completed a climate risk management review to better understand our physical and transition risk and opportunities profile across our businesses. We are leveraging those results to identify improvement opportunities in our approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation and continue to integrate these considerations into our business and investment strategies. In addition, we will be incorporating them, as appropriate, to enhance our due diligence processes. Our climate change risk management approach is aligned with the TCFD’s recommendations.
We completed the measurement of greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions across our group’s portfolio companies, guided by the principles of the GHG Protocol. Using this information, we have continued to implement carbon measurement and reduction programs across our businesses.
To further our commitment to support the transition to a net zero carbon economy, our manager, Brookfield Asset Management, became a signatory to the Net Zero Asset Managers initiative (NZAM). NZAM is a group of international asset managers committed to supporting the goal of net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050 or sooner. To fulfil this commitment, Brookfield Asset Management will take account of emissions, prioritize emissions reductions across our businesses, and work towards the recommendations of the TCFD.
As part of Brookfield’s social initiatives, we progressed several projects to support our commitment to both diversity and inclusion within our culture. We continued to work with our Global Diversity Advisory Group to provide insight into the concerns, challenges, and successes around attracting and retaining members from underrepresented groups and find ways to increase our engagement with them. In 2021, we became a signatory to the ILPA Diversity in Action initiative, bringing together limited and general partners to demonstrate commitment to advancing diversity and inclusion, both within organizations and the industry more broadly.
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Overview of ESG & the Investment Process
Brookfield employs a framework of having a common set of ESG principles across its business, while at the same time recognizing that the geographic and sector diversity of our portfolio requires a tailored approach. The following are Brookfield’s and our group’s ESG principles:
Mitigate the impact of our operations on the environment
Strive to minimize the environmental impact of our operations and improve our efficient use of resources over time
Support the goal of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 or sooner
Ensure the well-being and safety of employees
Foster a positive work environment based on respect for human rights, valuing diversity and zero tolerance for workplace discrimination, violence, or harassment
Operate with leading health and safety practices to support the goal of zero serious safety incidents
Uphold strong governance practices
Operate to the highest ethical standards by conducting business activities in accordance with our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics
Maintain strong stakeholder relationships through transparency and active engagement
Be good corporate citizens
Ensure the interests, safety and well-being of the communities in which we operate are integrated into our business decisions
Support philanthropy and volunteerism by our employees
ESG management is embedded throughout our group’s investment process, starting with the due diligence of a potential investment through to the exit process. During the due diligence phase, our group utilizes its operating expertise and Brookfield’s ESG Due Diligence Guidelines, which integrates guidance by the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), to identify material ESG risks and opportunities relevant to a potential investment. In completing these initial assessments, we utilize internal experts and, as needed, third-party consultants.
To ensure ESG considerations are fully integrated in the due diligence phase, our group’s investment team outlines the merits of the transaction and disclosing potential risks, mitigants and opportunities. Senior management discusses material ESG issues and potential mitigation strategies, including but not limited to, bribery and corruption risks, health and safety risks, and legal risks, as well as environmental and social risks.
Post-acquisition, the management teams at our portfolio companies are accountable for the preparation and implementation of ESG initiatives within their operations. Tailored integration plans are created by those teams to ensure any material ESG-related risks identified during diligence are prioritized. This is consistent with our group’s overall approach to overseeing our businesses and it ensures full alignment between responsibility, authority, experience and execution. This approach is particularly important given the wide range of industries and locations in which our group invests that require tailored ESG risk identification and management systems to mitigate unique risks and capitalize on distinct opportunities. Given the size of our group’s portfolio, our businesses execute a significant number of ESG initiatives on an annual basis.
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Environmental Initiatives
Our group’s businesses continuously strive to mitigate the impact of their operations on the environment. Specifically, in Brazil, our natural gas transmission business has a sustainability policy which covers environmental initiatives and programs in place to minimize any potential negative impacts in the surrounding environment. This includes a significant system integrity project, which detects and prevents pipeline failures caused by stress corrosion cracking. In an effort to minimize potential environmental risks, our team ensures appropriate maintenance programs are in place and the integrity of the pipelines are tested on a regular basis.
In addition to the initiatives described above, our natural gas transmission business has launched a Forest Restoration Program, in which the operation works to remediate native forests in human-degraded areas and restore vegetation that has been cleared to build or operate new facilities. The Program has committed to remediate more than 1,000 hectares in Brazil.
Our U.K. regulated distribution operator is developing, operating and maintaining broadband optical fiber networks across the U.K. Fiber is the most energy efficient technology for broadband access, 85% more energy efficient in providing customer access than copper reliant networks. Its reliance on fewer intermediate devices and amplifiers facilitates its efficiency in comparison to other technologies.
Social Initiatives
Our group’s priority is ensuring a safe, inclusive and diverse workplace for our employees and portfolio companies. The health and safety of our operating employees, including our contractors, is integral to our success. This is why our group targets zero serious safety incidents and encourages a culture of safe practice and leadership. To ensure this message is effectively and consistently communicated, our group holds a quarterly forum with all its portfolio companies to share best practices and lessons learned.
Our group is also deeply aware of the benefits that diversity and inclusion add to a workplace and to our group’s ability to achieve better business outcomes. Brookfield released a Positive Work Environment Policy for use by our group’s portfolio companies, which consolidates Brookfield’s previous regional harassment policies into one global policy and sets a consistent and high standard across all jurisdictions by explicitly expressing commitment to maintaining a workplace free from discrimination, violence and harassment. Further, to ensure that protecting a positive work environment is everyone’s responsibility, the policy requires all employees to report violations experienced or witnessed.
In Brazil, our natural gas transmission business contributed to global pandemic efforts by donating hospital beds, food baskets, hygiene kits, and personal protection equipment to senior care homes during 2021.
Governance Initiatives
On the governance side, our group undertook several initiatives in key areas. In recent years, data privacy and cyber-security have become key ESG priorities for global companies. Our group has continued to focus on strengthening our risk mitigation in this area through a number of measures. For example, our group has established an information security steering committee, which ensures that our group’s cybersecurity efforts are aligned across the organization. In addition, our group’s cyber-security program consists of key internal and external initiatives, from vulnerability scanning of our group’s data systems to improving our group’s employees’ cyber-security awareness through mandatory firm-wide training sessions.
Our U.K. regulated distribution operator, continues to strive to be transparent in its overall ESG program and has achieved a 5-star GRESB rating during 2021.
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Emerging Markets Operations
Brookfield and its predecessor corporations have invested in Brazil for over 100 years and Brookfield Infrastructure has been invested in Brazil since its inception in 2008, with Brazilian operations including NTS. Our group and Brookfield employ a number of key practices in managing the various risks associated with the emerging markets in which they operate, including Brazil. These practices include the following:
Oversight of Subsidiaries. Our company’s corporate structure has been designed to ensure that our company controls, or has an appropriate measure of direct oversight over, the operations of NTS. A majority of the equity interests in NTS are held by Nova Infraestrutura Fundo de Investimento em Participações, or NIF, which is in turn externally managed by Brookfield Brasil Asset Management Investmentos Ltda., or Brookfield Brazil, a subsidiary of Brookfield. Pursuant to the Voting Agreement, our company has the right to remove Brookfield Brazil as the manager of NIF at any time.
Transfer of Funds. Brookfield, by virtue of its control of NTS, may cause NTS to make distributions to our group.
Local Management and Advisors. NTS is staffed by some personnel seconded from Brookfield and our group to NTS and resident in the local jurisdiction, which ensures a degree of oversight and control in the day-to-day operations which would not be present in a passive investment. Our group also retains legal advisors with knowledge of the local laws and regulations. Some of these legal advisors are employees of our group, and others are external counsel who work in the foreign jurisdiction and are fluent in English and the local languages, familiar with the local laws, and resident or formerly resident in the local jurisdictions.
Internal Audit. As part of our group’s internal audit plan, each year our group’s internal auditor conducts an on-site internal audit with respect to specific matters as instructed by our audit committee. The audit report is reviewed and discussed by our audit committee.
Strategic Direction. The board of directors of the general partner of the partnership is responsible for the overall stewardship of our group and, as such, supervises the management of the business and affairs of our group. Our board of directors and the board of directors of the general partner of the partnership is responsible for reviewing the strategic business plans and corporate objectives, and approving acquisitions, dispositions, investments, capital expenditures and other transactions and matters that are thought to be material to the partnership and our company, respectively, including those that occur relating to NTS.
In addition to the above practices, many of Brookfield Infrastructure’s directors and Brookfield’s directors and executive officers have acquired experience conducting business in Brazil. The board of directors of the general partner of the partnership and the board of directors of our company are composed of directors residing in Canada, Bermuda, Mexico, the U.K. and the United States who have experience with various international issuers. In addition, Brookfield has a global presence and an international network of corporate and regional offices that allows it to work with local management and oversee the operations of our group’s subsidiaries in Brazil and elsewhere in the world.
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4.C    ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Organizational Charts
The chart below presents a summary of our ownership and organizational structure. Please note that on this chart all interests are 100% unless otherwise indicated and “GP Interest” denotes a general partnership interest and “LP Interest” denotes a limited partnership interest. These charts should be read in conjunction with the explanation of our ownership and organizational structure below and the information included under Item 4.B “Business Overview,” Item 6.C “Board Practices” and Item 7.B “Related Party Transactions.”
bipc-20211231_g1.jpg
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(1)Brookfield’s general partner interest is held through Brookfield Infrastructure Partners Limited, a Bermuda company that is
wholly−owned by Brookfield.
(2)Brookfield’s special general partner interest is held through Brookfield Infrastructure Special L.P., a Bermuda limited partnership, the sole general partner of which is Brookfield Infrastructure Special GP Limited, a Bermuda company that is wholly−owned by Brookfield.
(3)Brookfield’s limited partnership interest in the Holding LP, held in Redeemable Partnership Units, is redeemable for cash or exchangeable for units in accordance with a redemption−exchange mechanism, pursuant to which Brookfield can acquire units in exchange for Redeemable Partnership Units on a one for one basis, which could result in Brookfield eventually owning approximately 29.8% of the issued and outstanding units assuming exchange of all Redeemable Partnership Units (including the issued and outstanding units that Brookfield currently also owns) but excluding Brookfield’s exchangeable shares.
(4)The Service Providers provide services to Brookfield Infrastructure pursuant to a master services agreement.
(5)Brookfield has provided an aggregate of $20 million of working capital to these holding entities through a subscription for preferred shares.
(6)Holders of the class B shares hold a 75% voting interest in our company. The class C shares are non-voting.
(7)Holders of the exchangeable shares hold a 25% voting interest in our company.
(8)As of December 31, 2021, Brookfield and its affiliates own approximately 11.8% of the issued and outstanding exchangeable shares in our company and the remaining approximate 88.2% is held by public investors.
Our Company
Our company was incorporated under the BCBCA on August 30, 2019. See Item 4.A “History and Development of Brookfield Infrastructure — History and Development of our Business”.
The Partnership
The partnership owns and operates high quality, essential, long-life assets in the utilities, transport, midstream and data sectors across North and South America, Asia Pacific and Europe. The partnership focuses on assets that have contracted and regulated revenues that generate predictable and stable cash flows.
The partnership is a Bermudian exempted limited partnership that was established on May 21, 2007 and spun off from Brookfield on January 31, 2008.
The partnership’s sole material asset is its managing general partnership interest and preferred limited partnership interest in the Holding LP. The partnership serves as the Holding LP’s managing general partner and has sole authority for the management and control of the Holding LP. The partnership anticipates that the only distributions that it will receive in respect of the partnership’s managing general partnership interest and preferred limited partnership interest in the Holding LP will consist of amounts that are intended to assist the partnership in making distributions to its unitholders in accordance with the partnership’s distribution policy, to its preferred unitholders in accordance with the terms of its preferred units and to allow the partnership to pay expenses as they become due. The declaration and payment of cash distributions by the partnership is at the discretion of the general partner of the partnership.

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Brookfield and the Service Providers
Brookfield’s economic interest in the partnership is approximately 27.2% on a fully-exchanged basis. The partnership and the other Service Recipients, including our company, have each appointed affiliates of Brookfield Asset Management as their Service Providers to provide certain management, administrative and advisory services, for a fee, under the Master Services Agreement. In connection with the special distribution, the Master Services Agreement was amended to contemplate our company receiving management services comparable to the services provided to Brookfield Infrastructure by the Service Providers.
Brookfield is a global asset management company focused on property, renewable energy, infrastructure and private equity assets with approximately $690 billion of assets under management and approximately 1,000 investment professionals and 180,000 operating employees in more than 30 countries around the world. Our operating subsidiaries currently employ approximately 1,900 individuals within the U.K. and Brazil. Brookfield’s strategy is to combine best-in-class operating segments and transaction execution capabilities to acquire and invest in targeted assets and actively manage them in order to achieve superior returns on a long-term basis.
To execute its vision of being a leading owner and operator of high quality infrastructure assets that produce an attractive risk-adjusted total return for its unitholders, the partnership seeks to leverage its relationship with Brookfield and in particular, its operations-oriented approach, which is comprised of the following attributes:
strong business development capabilities, which benefit from deep relationships within, and in-depth knowledge of, its target markets;
technical knowledge and industry insight used in the evaluation, execution, risk management and financing of development projects and acquisitions;
project development capabilities, with expertise in negotiating commercial arrangements (including offtake arrangements and engineering, procurement and construction contracts), obtaining required permits and managing construction of network upgrades and expansions, as well as greenfield projects;
operational expertise, with considerable experience optimizing sales of its products and structuring and executing contracts with end users to enhance the value of its assets; and
development and retention of the highest quality people in its operations.
Our group does not employ any of the individuals who carry out the current management of our group. The personnel that carry out these activities are employees of Brookfield, and their services are provided to our group or for the benefit of our group under the Master Services Agreement.
The following sets forth our company’s significant subsidiaries, the jurisdiction of incorporation and the percentage ownership held by our company.
Defined NameName of entityJurisdiction of
Organization
Ownership
Interest (%)
Voting
Interest (%)
U.K. regulated distribution operation
BUUK Infrastructure No 1 LimitedU.K. 8080
Brazilian regulated gas transmission operationNova Transportadora do Sudeste S.A.
 
Brazil3192
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4.D   PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Our company’s head office is located at 250 Vesey Street, 15th Floor, New York NY 10281 and our registered office is located at 1055 West Georgia Street, Suite 1500, P.O Box 11117, Vancouver, British Columbia V6E 4N7. We do not directly own any real property.
See also the information contained in this annual report on Form 20-F under Item 3.D “Risk Factors—Risks Relating to Our Operations and the Infrastructure Industry—All of our group’s infrastructure operations may require substantial capital expenditures in the future,” “—Investments in infrastructure projects prior to or during a construction or expansion phase are likely to be subject to increased risk,” “—All of our group’s operating subsidiaries are subject to changes in government policy and legislation,”, Item 5 “Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Item 18 “Financial Statements” regarding information on Property, Plant and Equipment on a consolidated basis.
ITEM 4A.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
Not applicable.
ITEM 5.    OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (“MD&A”)
Introduction
The exchangeable shares of our company are structured with the intention of being economically equivalent to the units of the partnership. We believe economic equivalence is achieved through identical dividends and distributions on the exchangeable shares and the partnership’s units and each exchangeable share being exchangeable at the option of the holder for one unit of the partnership at any time. Given the economic equivalence, we expect that the market price of the exchangeable shares will be significantly impacted by the market price of the partnership’s units and the combined business performance of our company and Brookfield Infrastructure as a whole. In addition to carefully considering the disclosure made in this document, shareholders are strongly encouraged to carefully review the partnership’s annual reporting. The partnership is required to file reports, including annual reports on Form 20-F, and other information with the SEC. The partnership’s SEC filings are available to the public from the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov. Copies of documents that have been filed with the Canadian securities authorities can be obtained at www.sedar.com. This MD&A is dated March 9, 2022.

Performance Targets and Key Measures
Our group targets a total return of 12% to 15% per annum on the infrastructure assets that we own, measured over the long term. Our group intends to generate this return from the in-place cash flows from our operations plus growth through investments in upgrades and expansions of our asset base, as well as acquisitions. The partnership determines its distributions based primarily on an assessment of our
operating performance. Our group uses funds from operations (“FFO”) to assess operating performance
and it can be used on a per unit basis as a proxy for future distribution growth over the long-term. FFO is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS, FFO is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. For further details, including a reconciliation of net income to FFO, see the “Performance Disclosures” section of this MD&A.
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Continuity of Interests
Our company was established on August 30, 2019, by the partnership. The partnership owns and operates high quality, long-life assets that generate stable cash flows, require relatively minimal maintenance capital expenditures and, by virtue of barriers to entry and other characteristics, tend to appreciate in value over time. The partnership’s current operations consist of utilities, transport, midstream and data businesses in North and South America, Europe and Asia Pacific. On March 30, 2020, the partnership contributed two regulated utility investments in Brazil and the United Kingdom (the “businesses”) to our company in exchange for loans receivable, exchangeable shares, class B shares and class C shares. On March 31, 2020, the partnership completed the special distribution of the exchangeable shares to holders of units and continues to hold all of the class B and class C shares of our company. The partnership directly and indirectly controlled our company prior to the special distribution and continues to control our company subsequent to the special distribution through its interests in our company. As a result of this continuing common control, there is insufficient substance to justify a change in the measurement of our company. In accordance with our company’s and the partnership’s accounting policy, our company has reflected the businesses in its financial position and financial performance using the partnership’s carrying values prior to the contribution of the businesses to our company.
To reflect this continuity of interests, our consolidated financial statements provide comparative information of our company for the periods prior to March 30, 2020, as previously reported by the partnership. The economic and accounting impact of contractual relationships created or modified in conjunction with the contribution of the businesses to our company (see Note 1(b), Organization and Description of our Company) have been reflected prospectively from the date of the contribution and have not been reflected in the results of operations or financial position of our company prior to March 30, 2020, as such items were in fact not created or modified prior thereto. Accordingly, the financial information for the periods prior to March 30, 2020 is presented based on the historical financial information for our company as previously reported by the partnership. For the periods after March 30, 2020, the results are based on the actual results of our company, including the impact of contractual relationships created or modified in association with the contribution of the businesses to our company. As the partnership holds all of the class C shares of our company, which is the only class of shares presented as equity, net income and equity attributable to common equity have been allocated to the partnership prior to and after March 30, 2020.







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Basis of Presentation
For the periods prior to March 30, 2020, the financial statements represent a combined carve-out of the assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and cash flows of the businesses that were contributed to our company effective March 30, 2020. During this period, all of the assets and liabilities presented were controlled by the partnership. The partnership directly and indirectly controlled our company prior to the special distribution and continues to control our company subsequent to the special distribution through its interests in our company. As a result of this continuing common control, there is insufficient substance to justify a change in the measurement of our company. In accordance with our company and the partnership’s accounting policy, effective March 30, 2020, the assets and liabilities were transferred to our company at their carrying values. All intercompany balances, transactions, revenues and expenses within our company have been eliminated. Additionally, certain corporate costs have been allocated on the basis of direct usage where identifiable, with the remainder allocated based on management’s best estimate of costs attributable to our company. Management believes the assumptions underlying the historical financial information, including the assumptions regarding allocated expenses, reasonably reflect the utilization of services provided to or the benefit received by our company during the periods presented. However, due to the inherent limitations of carving out the assets, liabilities, operations and cash flows from larger entities, the historical financial information may not necessarily reflect our company’s financial position, operations and cash flow for future periods, nor do they reflect the financial position, results of operations and cash flow that would have been realized had our company been a stand-alone entity during the periods presented.
Subsequent to March 30, 2020, our company is no longer allocated general corporate expenses of the parent company as the functions to which they related are now provided through the Master Services Agreement. The base management fee related to the services received under the Master Services Agreement has been recorded as part of general and administrative expenses in the consolidated financial statements.
In August 2021, the partnership acquired a controlling interest in IPL for consideration comprised of cash, exchangeable shares and BIPC Exchangeable LP Units. BIPC Exchange LP is a subsidiary of the partnership and holders of BIPC Exchangeable LP Units have the right to require the partnership to purchase BIPC Exchangeable LP Units and deliver one exchangeable share for each BIPC Exchangeable LP Unit purchased. Satisfaction of exchange requests is the obligation of the partnership, and not that of our company.
Financial data provided has been prepared using accounting policies in accordance with IFRS. Non-IFRS measures used in this MD&A are reconciled to or calculated from such values. All dollar references, unless otherwise stated, are in millions of United States dollars (“USD”).
When we discuss our performance measures, we present our company’s share of results, in order to demonstrate the impact of key value drivers of each of these operating entities on the overall performance. Therefore, our company’s share of results will differ from results presented in accordance with IFRS as they exclude the share of earnings of investments not held by our company apportioned for each of the performance measures described in the “Performance Disclosures” section of this MD&A. However, net income attributable to the parent company for each operating entity is consistent with results presented in accordance with IFRS.
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Dividend Policy
The partnership’s distributions are underpinned by stable, highly regulated and contracted cash flows generated from operations. The partnership’s objective is to pay a distribution that is sustainable on a long-term basis and has set its target payout ratio at 60-70% of the partnership’s FFO.
The board of directors of the general partner of the partnership approved a 6% increase in the partnership’s quarterly distribution to $0.54 per unit (or $2.16 per unit annualized), starting with the distribution paid in March 2022. This increase reflects the forecasted contribution from the partnership’s recently commissioned capital projects, as well as, the expected cash yield on recent acquisitions. The partnership targets 5% to 9% annual distribution increase in light of growth it foresees in its operations.
Our board may declare dividends at its discretion. However, each of our exchangeable shares has been structured with the intention of providing an economic return equivalent to one unit of the partnership. It is expected that dividends on our exchangeable shares will be declared and paid at the same time and in the same amount as distributions are declared and paid on the units of the partnership. Accordingly, our board approved an equivalent quarterly dividend of $0.54 per exchangeable share (or $2.16 per exchangeable share annualized), starting with the dividend to be paid in March 2022 (2020: $0.51 per exchangeable share (or $2.04 per exchangeable share annualized)).
Voting Rights
Except as otherwise expressly provided in the notice of articles and articles of our company or as required by law, each holder of exchangeable shares is entitled to receive notice of, and to attend and vote at, all meetings of our shareholders. Each holder of exchangeable shares is entitled to cast one vote for each exchangeable share held at the record date for determination of shareholders entitled to vote on any matter. The holders of the class B shares are entitled to cast, in the aggregate, a number of votes equal to three times the number of votes attached to the exchangeable shares. Except as otherwise expressly provided in the articles of our company or as required by law, the holders of exchangeable shares and class B shares vote together and not as separate classes. Holders of exchangeable shares hold an aggregate 25% voting interest in our company. Holders of class C shares have no voting rights.

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5.A OPERATING RESULTS
Consolidated Results
In this section we review our consolidated performance and financial position as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 and for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019. Further details on the key drivers of our operations and financial position are contained within the “Performance Disclosures” section of this MD&A.
The following table summarizes the financial results of our company for the years ended December 31, 2021, 2020 and 2019:
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended
December 31,
Summary Statements of Operating Results202120202019
Revenues$1,643 $1,430 $1,619 
Direct operating costs(1)
(526)(527)(552)
General and administrative expenses(49)(33)(30)
Interest expense(294)(214)(156)
Mark-to-market on hedging items and foreign currency revaluation(11)(61)
Remeasurement of exchangeable and class B shares(447)(511)— 
Other income (expense)116 (47)(44)
Income tax expense(405)(269)(272)
Net income (loss) 27 (232)570 
Net (loss) income attributable to the partnership(368)(552)197 
(1)During the fourth quarter of 2021, our company reclassified depreciation and amortization expense, which was previously presented as a separately line item, to direct operating costs. Prior period amounts were also adjusted to reflect this change, which resulted in an increase to direct operating costs by $283 million and $308 million for years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, with equal and offsetting decreases to depreciation and amortization expense. This reclassification had no impact on revenues or net income.
2021 vs. 2020
For the year ended December 31, 2021, our company reported net income of $27 million, of which a loss of $368 million was attributable to the partnership. This compared to a net loss of $232 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, of which a loss of $552 million was attributable to the partnership. Net income in the current year benefited from capital commissioned into rate base, a gain recognized on the sale of our portfolio of smart meters in the U.K., and inflation-indexation at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business. These positive impacts were partially offset by revaluation losses recognized on our company’s exchangeable shares that are classified as liabilities under IFRS and the impact of an increase in the future U.K. tax rate.
Total revenues increased by $213 million relative to the prior year. Gas transmission revenues in Brazil increased by $189 million due to inflation-indexation. This increase was partially offset by the impact of foreign exchange as the depreciation of the Brazilian real reduced our revenues in U.S. dollars by $56 million relative to 2020. Connections revenue in the U.K. increased by $37 million following an increase in construction activity compared to the prior year which was impacted by government restrictions associated with the global pandemic. The appreciation of the British pound further increased our revenues in U.S. dollars by $38 million.
Direct operating costs remained consistent with the prior year as increased costs due to inflation and organic growth were offset by a decrease in amortization expense associated with new legislation passed in April 2021 in Brazil, extending the estimated useful life of intangible assets held by our Brazilian regulated gas distribution business.
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General and administrative expenses totaled $49 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, an increase of $16 million compared to the prior year. This line item primarily consists of the base management fee that is paid to Brookfield based on our company’s and the partnership’s combined market value plus net recourse debt, and allocated to our company based on proportionate weighted average shares outstanding during the period. The base management fee allocated to our company increased by $15 million primarily due to an increase in the combined market value of our company and the partnership compared to the prior year.
Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $294 million, an increase of $80 million compared to 2020. Interest expense increased as a result of dividends on our exchangeable shares, presented as interest expense, and interest incurred on loans payable to the partnership accrued over the course of the year. The prior year did not include any interest expense within the first quarter as our exchangeable shares and loans payable to the partnership were issued on March 30, 2020. Debt issued to finance the acquisition of an additional interest in our Brazilian regulated gas distribution business in April 2021 and an increase in the interest rates on our variable rate non-recourse borrowings also contributed to the increase in the year.
Mark-to-market on hedging items and foreign currency revaluation losses totaled $11 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to $61 million in the prior year. This was predominantly due to a decrease in foreign currency losses recognized on loans payable to the partnership denominated in Canadian dollars.
Remeasurement losses for the year ended December 31, 2021 were $447 million. These losses were a result of revaluation of the exchangeable shares classified as liabilities due to their exchangeable features. The remeasurement losses are mainly driven by the increase in the public price of partnership units based on the NYSE trading price over the course of the year.
Other income for the year ended December 31, 2021 includes a gain recognized on the sale of the smart meter portfolio at our U.K. regulated distribution business of $175 million. This was partially offset by accretion expense on deferred consideration at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business.
Income tax expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was $405 million, $136 million higher than the prior year. Higher taxable income at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business resulted in an increase in income tax expense of $79 million, partially offset by the impact of foreign exchange. In addition, a non-recurring deferred tax expense was recognized as a result of an increase in the U.K.’s future tax rate from 19% to 25%, enacted in May 2021.

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2020 vs. 2019
For the year ended December 31, 2020, our company reported net losses of $232 million, of which $552 million was attributable to the partnership. This compared to net income of $570 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, of which $197 million was attributable to the partnership. Income for the year ended December 31, 2020 benefited from capital commissioned into rate base at our U.K. regulated distribution business and inflation-indexation at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business. These positive impacts were more than offset by revaluation losses recognized on our company’s exchangeable shares that are classified as liabilities under IFRS, and the impact of foreign exchange.
Total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased by $189 million relative to the year ended December 31, 2019. Underlying gas transmission revenues in Brazil increased by $83 million due to inflation-indexation, however this was more than offset by the impact of foreign exchange as the depreciation of the Brazilian real reduced our revenues denominated in U.S. dollars by $283 million relative to 2019. Distribution revenues in the U.K. increased primarily from the benefits of inflationary-indexation and higher volumes associated with new utility connections, which contributed additional revenues of $8 million and $31 million, respectively. These positive factors were partially offset by a $34 million reduction in connections income following a decrease in construction activity compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.
Direct operating costs for the year ended December 31, 2020 decreased by $25 million compared to the year ended December 31, 2019 as increased costs due to inflation and organic growth were more than offset by the impact of foreign exchange.
General and administrative expenses totaled $33 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $3 million compared to the same period in 2019. This line item primarily consists of the base management fee that is paid to Brookfield based on our company’s and the partnership’s combined market value plus net recourse debt, and allocated to our company based on proportionate weighted average shares outstanding during the period.
Interest expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $214 million, an increase of $58 million compared to 2019. Interest expense increased as a result of $66 million of dividends declared and paid on our company’s exchangeable shares. Due to their exchangeable features, these shares are classified as liabilities and dividends are therefore presented as interest expense. The year ended December 31, 2020 also included interest of $39 million incurred on loans payable to the partnership which were issued on March 30, 2020. These increases were partially offset by lower interest rates on our variable rate non-recourse debt at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business and the impact of foreign exchange which reduced interest expense by $45 million and $9 million, respectively.
Mark-to-market losses on hedging items and foreign currency revaluations totaled $61 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to mark-to-market gains of $5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019. These losses were predominantly due to unrealized foreign currency losses on loans payable to the partnership.
Remeasurement losses for the year ended December 31, 2020 were $511 million. These losses were a result of the revaluation of the exchangeable shares classified as liabilities due to their exchangeable features. The remeasurement reflects the change in the public price of units based on the NYSE closing price.
Other expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $47 million, which remained relatively consistent with the year ended December 31, 2019.
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     75


Income tax expense for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $269 million. This is relatively consistent with the year ended December 31, 2019 as the impact of a non-recurring deferred tax expense that was recognized as a result of an increase in U.K.’s tax rate from 17% to 19% enacted in March 2020, and an increase in taxes at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business as a result of higher taxable revenues were more than offset by the impact of foreign exchange.
Statements of Financial Position
The following table summarizes the statement of financial position of our company as at December 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020:
US$ MILLIONSAs of
Summary Statements of Financial Position Key MetricsDecember 31, 2021December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Cash and cash equivalents$469 $192 $204 
Due from Brookfield Infrastructure1,093 — — 
Property, plant and equipment4,803 5,111 4,497 
Intangible assets2,687 2,948 3,936 
Total assets10,086 9,344 9,853 
Loans payable to Brookfield Infrastructure131 1,143 — 
Exchangeable and class B shares4,466 2,221 — 
Non-recourse borrowings3,556 3,477 3,526 
Total liabilities11,510 9,916 6,576 
Equity in net assets attributable to the partnership(2,127)(1,722)1,654 
Total equity(1,424)(572)3,277 
Total assets were $10.1 billion at December 31, 2021, compared to $9.3 billion at December 31, 2020. During the year ended December 31, 2021, our company added $0.4 billion to property, plant, and equipment, however, these increases were more than offset by the sale of our smart meters business at our U.K. regulated distribution business and the impact of foreign exchange. A demand deposit with Brookfield Infrastructure, established in connection with the issuance of additional exchangeable shares, increased total assets by $1.1 billion.
Our company issued 26.0 million exchangeable shares to the partnership in connection with the partnership’s acquisition of Inter Pipeline and 0.4 million exchangeable shares in connection with exchange requests received from unitholders of BIPC Exchange LP. As partial consideration for the exchangeable shares, Brookfield Infrastructure issued a demand deposit payable to our company of $1.1 billion which accrues interest at 0.2% per annum.
Our accounting policy is to carry property, plant and equipment at fair value and intangible assets at amortized cost. Our company carried out an assessment of the fair value of its property, plant and equipment as at December 31, 2021, resulting in a gain from revaluation of $134 million.
76        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


The rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus, including subsequent mutations, and actions taken globally in response to COVID-19, have generally disrupted business activities in the jurisdictions in which we operate and elsewhere. Governments around the world implemented stringent measures to control the spread of the virus, including quarantines, social distancing protocols, "shelter in place" and "stay at home" orders, travel restrictions, business curtailments, school closures and other measures, that restricted economic and social activity. Governments and central banks around the world have also enacted fiscal and monetary stimulus measures to mitigate the economically harmful impact of these COVID-19 response measures. Our group’s business relies, to a certain extent, on free movement of goods, services, and capital around the world, all of which were restricted as a result of COVID-19. At the outset of the pandemic, we implemented a response plan designed to maintain our operations despite the outbreak of the virus, including extra safety precautions with respect to our personnel and contingency plans with respect to our facilities. Our company has assessed the impact of the economic environment on the valuation of our property, plant and equipment. In making these assessments, we have assumed that the sharp curtailment in economic activities, as a result of social distancing rules imposed by governments worldwide, will not materially persist in the long term. We believe our operations have demonstrated resilience to global economic disruptions since the outbreak. Furthermore, our assets are underpinned by regulated cash flows and our local revenues have been predominantly unimpacted to date as we earn a regulated return on an asset base for making the infrastructure available to users with minimal volume and price risk. Based on our company’s assessment, we believe our asset values remain largely unaffected by the global pandemic.
Our exchangeable and class B shares are classified as liabilities due to their exchangeable and cash redemption features. Subsequent to initial recognition at fair value, the shares are measured at amortized cost and remeasured to reflect changes in the contractual cash flows associated with the shares. These contractual cash flows are based on the price of one unit. As at December 31, 2021, the shares were remeasured to reflect the NYSE closing price of one unit, $60.81 per share.
Non-recourse borrowings increased by $79 million to $3,556 million at December 31, 2021. Additional borrowings of $283 million used to finance the acquisition of an additional interest in our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business was partially offset by net repayments of $117 million at our U.K. regulated distribution business. Non-recourse borrowings further decreased due to the impact of foreign exchange as the Brazilian real and British pound weakened relative to the U.S. dollar during the year ended December 31, 2021.
As of December 31, 2021, our company had loans payable of $131 million to subsidiaries of Brookfield Infrastructure, a decrease of $1,012 million. This decrease was due to repayments of $1,016 million to subsidiaries of Brookfield Infrastructure during the year, of which $547 million was settled in exchange for the issuance of additional exchangeable shares, partially offset by the impact of foreign exchange.
Total equity was negative $1,424 million at December 31, 2021, compared to negative $572 million at December 31, 2020. The decrease is mainly due to remeasurement losses on the revaluation of our exchangeable shares classified as liabilities, and distributions paid and capital provided to non-controlling interests, including consideration paid to non-controlling interest for the acquisition of an additional interest in our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business.

Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     77


Foreign Currency Translation
A discussion of the most significant currency exchange rates that impact our company are set forth below as at and for the periods indicated:
Period End RateAverage Rate
As of December 31,For the year ended December 31,
2021202020192021 vs 20202020 vs 20192021202020192021 vs 20202020 vs 2019
Brazilian real0.17920.19240.2481(7)%(22)%0.18540.19390.2534(4)%(23)%
British pound1.35321.36701.3255(1)%%1.37581.28401.27677 %%
The net assets of our U.K. regulated distribution business and our Brazilian regulated transmission business represent 77% and 23% of our equity in foreign subsidiaries, respectively.
The following table disaggregates the impact of foreign currency translation on the equity of our company by the most significant non-U.S. currencies for the periods indicated:
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended December 31,
202120202019
Brazilian real$(118)$(550)$(116)
British pound(1)
19 57 57 
(99)(493)(59)
Currency hedges 
$(99)$(488)$(54)
Attributable to:
The partnership$(17)$(100)$17 
Non-controlling interests(82)(388)(71)
$(99)$(488)$(54)
(1)Includes $21 million relating to net losses from previous foreign exchange movements that were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to Other income (expense) on the Consolidated Statements of Operating Results as a result of the disposition of our U.K. regulated distribution business’s portfolio of smart meters.

The impact of foreign currency translation on our company, including those attributable to non-controlling interests for the year ended December 31, 2021, was a reduction to equity of $99 million (2020: $488 million, 2019: $54 million). The reduction of equity during the year ended December 31, 2021 was primarily the result of the Brazilian real weakening by 7%.
Average currency exchange rates impact the U.S. dollar equivalents of revenues and net income from non-U.S. operations on a comparative basis. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the average exchange rate of the British pound appreciated by 7% relative to the U.S. dollar while the Brazilian real weakened by 4% relative to the U.S. dollar. The benefit of the appreciation of the British pound was more than offset by the depreciation of the Brazilian real during the year, reducing our revenues and net income in U.S. dollars.
78        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


Summary of Quarterly Financial Information
20212020
US$ MILLIONSQ4Q3Q2Q1Q4Q3Q2Q1
Revenues$414 $414 $416 $399 $375 $349 $322 $384 
Net (loss) income(165)21365(86)(17)(222)(194)201
Net (loss) income attributable to the partnership(269)122(43)(178)(102)(301)(266)117
Our businesses, given their regulated and contractual nature, provide stable, predictable revenues and margins. Quarterly variances in our company’s revenues are primarily due to inflation-indexation at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business. Quarterly variances in our company’s net income and net income attributable to the partnership are primarily due to revaluation gains and losses recognized on our company’s exchangeable shares that are classified as liabilities under IFRS. During the year ended December 31, 2021, revaluation losses totaled $447 million.
Summary Financial Information Related to the Partnership
As the market price of our exchangeable shares is expected to be significantly impacted by the market price of the units and the combined business performance of our group as a whole, we are providing the following summary financial information regarding the partnership. For further details please review the partnership’s periodic reporting referenced in the introductory section of this MD&A.
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended December 31,
IFRS measures20212020
Revenue$11,537 $8,885 
Net income2,719 904 
US$ MILLIONSAs of
IFRS measuresDecember 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Total assets$73,961 $61,331 
Total liabilities47,570 39,658 
Total partnership capital26,391 21,673 


Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     79


PERFORMANCE DISCLOSURES
To measure performance, we focus on net income, an IFRS measure, as well as certain non-IFRS measures, including FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings. FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings are proportionate measures and are not calculated in accordance with, and do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS as issued by the IASB and may differ from, and not be comparable to, similar measures presented by other issuers.
FFO
We define FFO as net income excluding the impact of depreciation and amortization, deferred income taxes, mark-to-market on hedging items and other income (expenses) that are not related to the revenue earning activities and are not normal, recurring cash operating expenses necessary for business operations. We exclude from FFO dividends paid on the exchangeable shares of our company that are presented as interest expense, as well as the interest expense on loans payable to the partnership which represent the partnership’s investment in our company. We also exclude from FFO amounts attributable to non-controlling interests based on the economic interests held by non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries.
FFO is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. FFO is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. FFO has limitations as an analytical tool. Specifically, our definition of FFO may differ from the definition used by other organizations, and is different than the definition of Funds from Operations used by the Real Property Association of Canada (“REALPAC”) and the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc. (“NAREIT”), in part because the NAREIT definition is based on U.S. GAAP, as opposed to IFRS.
AFFO
We define AFFO as FFO less capital expenditures required to maintain the current performance of our operations (maintenance capital expenditures). AFFO is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. AFFO is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers and has limitations as an analytical tool.

Adjusted EBITDA
We focus on Adjusted EBITDA which we define as net income excluding the impact of interest expense, depreciation and amortization, income taxes, mark-to-market on hedging items and other income (expenses) corresponding to amounts that are not related to the revenue earning activities and are not normal, recurring cash operating expenses necessary for business operations. We exclude from Adjusted EBITDA amounts attributable to non-controlling interests based on the economic interests held by non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries.
Adjusted EBITDA is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. Adjusted EBITDA is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool.

80        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


Adjusted Earnings
We also focus on Adjusted Earnings, which we define as net income excluding the impact of dividends paid and remeasurement gains/losses on the exchangeable shares of our company, and interest and foreign currency translation adjustments on intercompany loans with the partnership. We also exclude from Adjusted Earnings amounts attributable to non-controlling interests based on the economic interests held by non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries.
Adjusted Earnings is a measure of operating performance that is not calculated in accordance with, and does not have any standardized meaning prescribed by IFRS. Adjusted Earnings is therefore unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Adjusted Earnings has limitations as an analytical tool.

Benefits and Uses of Non-IFRS Measures
We believe our presentation of FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings are useful to investors because it supplements investors’ understanding of our operating performance by providing information regarding our ongoing performance that excludes items we believe do not directly affect our operations. Our presentation of FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings also provide investors enhanced comparability of our ongoing performance across periods.
In deriving FFO, AFFO and Adjusted EBITDA, we add back depreciation and amortization to net income. Specifically, in our financial statements we use the revaluation approach in accordance with IAS 16, Property, Plant and Equipment, whereby depreciation expense is determined based on a revalued amount, thereby reducing comparability with our peers who do not report under IFRS as issued by the IASB or who do not employ the revaluation approach to measuring property, plant and equipment. We add back deferred income taxes on the basis that we do not believe this item reflects the present value of the actual tax obligations that we expect to incur over our long-term investment horizon. Finally, we add back the impact of mark-to-mark on hedging items and other income (expenses) corresponding to amounts that are not related to the revenue earning activities and are not normal, recurring cash operating expenses necessary for business operations.
To provide a supplemental understanding of the performance of our business and to enhance comparability across periods and relative to our peers we utilize Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA excludes the impact of interest expense and income taxes to assist in assessing the operating performance of our business by eliminating for the effect of its current capital structure and tax profile.
While FFO provides a basis for assessing current operating performance, it does not take into consideration the cost to sustain the operating performance of the partnership’s asset base. In order to assess the long-term, sustainable operating performance of our businesses, we observe that investors take into account the impact of maintenance capital expenditures to derive AFFO, in addition to FFO.
For further details regarding our use of FFO, AFFO, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Earnings, as well as a reconciliation of net income to these measures, see the “Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures” section of this MD&A and “Cautionary Statement Regarding the Use of Non-IFRS Accounting Measures” in the forepart of this annual report on Form 20-F.
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended December 31,
Key Metrics202120202019
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$581 $512 $555 
Funds from Operations (FFO)(1)
436 401 432 
Adjusted Funds from Operations (AFFO)(1)
415 388 415 
Adjusted Earnings(1)
233 131 197 
(1)Non-IFRS measures. please refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures” section of this MD&A.
Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation     81


For the year ended December 31, 2021, FFO and Adjusted EBITDA increased by $35 million and $69 million, respectively, compared to the prior year. During the current year, FFO and Adjusted EBITDA benefited from a 24% inflationary tariff adjustment and the acquisition of an additional 3% interest (NTS consortium total of 10%) in our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business completed in April 2021. Our results further benefited from capital commissioned into rate base and higher connections activity at our U.K. regulated distribution business. These positive factors were partially offset by the loss of earnings associated with the sale of our portfolio of smart meters in the U.K. completed in May 2021 and higher management fees. While FFO benefited from the aforementioned factors, these benefits were partially offset by an increase in interest expense associated with debt issued to finance the acquisition of an additional 3% interest in our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business and higher interest rates on our variable rate non-recourse borrowings.
For the year ended December 31, 2021, Adjusted Earnings increased by $102 million compared to the prior year. In addition to the factors mentioned above, Adjusted Earnings also benefited from a gain recognized on the sale of our portfolio of smart meters in the U.K. This was partially offset by a non-recurring deferred tax expense recognized as a result of an increase in the future U.K. tax rate.
The following table disaggregates our operating performance between our utilities operations and the corporate, general and administrative costs.
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended December 31, 2021
Key MetricsUtilitiesCorporateTotal
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$630 $(49)$581 
Funds from Operations (FFO)(1)
485 (49)436 
Adjusted Funds from Operations (AFFO)(1)
464 (49)415 
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended December 31, 2020
Key MetricsUtilitiesCorporateTotal
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$545 $(33)$512 
Funds from Operations (FFO)(1)
434 (33)401 
Adjusted Funds from Operations (AFFO)(1)
421 (33)388 
US$ MILLIONSFor the year ended December 31, 2019
Key MetricsUtilitiesCorporateTotal
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$585 $(30)$555 
Funds from Operations (FFO)(1)
462 (30)432 
Adjusted Funds from Operations (AFFO)(1)
445 (30)415 
(1)Non-IFRS measures, please refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-IFRS Financial Measures” section of this MD&A.

Utilities
Results of Operations
Our company earns a return on a regulated or notionally stipulated asset base, a metric which we refer to as rate base. Our rate base reflects the current amount, either as defined by the regulator or as implied by our contracted cash flows, on which we earn our return. Our rate base increases with capital that we invest to expand our systems and is indexed to local inflation. The return that we earn is typically determined by a regulator for prescribed periods of time or is derived based on the contracted cash flows we have secured. We believe that the rate base is useful for investors as it provides them with an understanding of the unlevered returns our asset base can currently generate and enhances comparability across other utility investments as it assists in assessing the operating performance of our company by eliminating the effect of its current capital structure and tax profile.
82        Brookfield Infrastructure Corporation


The following table presents our company’s share of the rate base of our utilities business as at 2021, 2020 and 2019:
As of December 31,
US$ MILLIONS202120202019
Rate base$3,961 $3,485 $3,371 
The following table presents the roll-forward of our company’s share of rate base for the years ended 2021, 2020 and 2019:
 For the year ended December 31,
US$ MILLIONS202120202019
Rate base, start of period$3,485 $3,371 $3,012 
Acquisitions 125 — — 
Capital expenditures commissioned262 251 287 
Inflation and other indexation250 146 168 
Regulatory depreciation(50)(40)(40)
Foreign exchange and other(111)(243)(56)
Rate base, end of period$3,961 $3,485 $3,371 
Our rate base increased compared to the prior year as a result of new connections at our U.K. regulated distribution business and inflation-indexation at our Brazilian regulated gas transmission business, partially offset by the impact of foreign exchange.
The following table presents our company’s share of key measures of our utilities business for the years ended 2021, 2020 and 2019:
 For the year ended December 31,
US$ MILLIONS202120202019
Adjusted EBITDA(1),(2)
$630 $545 $585