Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Brazil Minerals
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-07-30 Other Events
8-K 2018-07-06 Other Events
GFNL Genesis Financial 146
EDGW Edgewater Technology 81
CLRI Cleartronic 10
ROII ROI Land Investments 4
AFOM All For One Media 1
SCGY Scientific Energy 0
LGF Lions Gate Entertainment 0
SKYL SKY Resort 0
DDBS Dish DBS 0
YAPPA Yappa Worldoporated 0
BMIX 2019-06-30
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1 Financial Statements
Note 1 - Organization, Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2 - Composition of Certain Financial Statement Items
Note 3 - Convertible Promissory Notes Payable
Note 4 - Loans Payable
Note 5 - Other Noncurrent Liabilities
Note 6 - Stockholders' Deficit
Note 7 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 8 - Related Party Transactions
Note 9 - Subsequent Events
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31 ex31_1.htm
EX-31.2 ex31_2.htm
EX-32 ex32_1.htm

Brazil Minerals Earnings 2019-06-30

BMIX 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 bmix10q_6302019.htm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 or 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.

 

For the transition period from ____________ to ____________

 

Commission File Number 000-55191

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc.

 (Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Nevada   39-2078861
(State or other jurisdiction of   (IRS Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)

 

Rua Vereador João Alves Praes, nº 95-A

Olhos D'Água, MG 39398-000, Brazil

 (Address of principal executive offices)

 

(213) 590-2500

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the issuer (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or, an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company", in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☒    Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Ticker symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock BMIX

OTCPink, a marketplace of the OTC Markets Group

 

 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No ☒

 

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS

 

As of August 15, 2019, the registrant had 949,858,142 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 1 
 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

      Page
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION    
       
Item 1. Financial Statements    
       
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018   F-1
       
  Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)   F-2
       
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)   F-3
       
  Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 (Unaudited)   F-4
       
  Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)   F-5
       
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.   3
       
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk   12
       
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.   12
       
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION    
       
Item 6. Exhibits   13
       
Signatures   15
       
Exhibits/Certifications   20

 

 

 2 
 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

   June 30,  December 31,
   2019  2018
       
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $9,544   $2,407 
Accounts receivable   -    256 
Taxes recoverable   24,038    23,773 
Inventory   33,557    33,188 
Operating lease right of use assets   10,646    - 
Deposits and advances   5,030    3,662 
Total current assets   82,815    63,286 
Property and equipment, net   209,397    243,778 
Intangible assets, net   536,166    530,293 
Equity investments   150,000    150,000 
Total assets  $978,378   $987,357 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  $616,667   $531,290 

Convertible notes payable, net of debt discounts totaling $0 and

$8,299, respectively

   769,397    866,624 
Loans payable   378,600    228,320 
Lease liabilities   10,646    - 
Related party notes and other payables, net of debt discounts totaling
$257,947 and $222,814, respectively
   308,796    447,330 
Total current liabilities   2,084,106    2,073,564 
Convertible notes payable -- noncurrent, net of debt discounts   -    - 
Other noncurrent liabilities   196,187    188,423 
Total liabilities   2,280,293    2,261,987 
           
Stockholders' deficit:          
Series A preferred stock, $0.001 par value. 10,000,000 shares authorized;
1 share issued and outstanding
   1    1 
           
Common stock, $0.001 par value. 950,000,000 shares authorized;
866,013,312 and 332,260,644 shares
          
issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018,
respectively
   866,013    332,260 
Additional paid-in capital   47,208,238    46,771,464 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (559,500)   (566,105)
 Accumulated deficit   (50,200,309)   (49,181,331)
Total Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders' deficit   (2,685,557)   (2,643,711)
Non-controlling interest   1,383,642    1,369,081 
Total stockholders' deficit   (1,301,915)   (1,274,630)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit  $978,378   $987,357 

   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 F-1 
 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (Unaudited)

   Three Months Ended June 30,  Three Months Ended June 30,  Six Months Ended June 30,  Six Months Ended June 30,
   2019  2018  2019  2018
             
Revenue  $5,172   $2,385   $9,965   $7,300 
Cost of revenue   52,041    33,216    95,278    69,084 
Gross margin   (46,869)   (30,831)   (85,313)   (61,784)
Operating expenses:                    
Professional fees   68,644    55,441    101,566    80,282 
General and administrative   89,391    66,781    197,096    146,380 
Compensation and related costs   113,905    57,753    174,710    118,776 
Stock based compensation   53,587    114,256    107,174    126,756 
Total operating expenses   325,527    294,231    580,546    472,194 
Loss from operations   (372,396)   (325,062)   (665,859)   (533,978)
Other expense (income):                    
Interest on promissory notes   41,612    39,325    76,465    64,714 

Amortization of debt discounts and

other fees

   176,815    146,393    296,521    270,723 
Extinguishment of debt   68,015    -    68,015    - 
Total other expense (income)   286,442    185,718    441,001    335,437 
Loss before provision for income taxes   (658,838)   (510,780)   (1,106,860)   (869,415)
Provision for income taxes   -    -    -    - 
Net loss   (658,838)   (510,780)   (1,106,860)   (869,415)

Loss attributable to non-controlling

interest

   (44,311)   (51,642)   (87,882)   (61,351)

Net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals,

Inc. stockholders

  $(614,527)  $(459,138)  $(1,018,978)  $(808,064)
                     
Basic and diluted loss per share                    

Net loss per share attributable to Brazil

Minerals, Inc. common stockholders

  $(0.00)  $(0.00)  $(0.00)  $(0.01)
                     
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:                    
Basic and diluted   719,632,306    183,998,940    556,308,452    161,380,516 
                     
Comprehensive loss:                    
Net loss  $(658,838)  $(510,780)  $(1,106,860)  $(869,415)
Foreign currency translation adjustment   9,139    (104,317)   6,605    (81,402)
Comprehensive loss   (649,699)   (615,097)   (1,100,255)   (950,817)

Comprehensive loss attributable to

noncontrolling interests

   (44,311)   (51,642)   (87,882)   (61,351)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. stockholders  $(605,388)  $(563,455)  $(1,012,373)  $(889,466)

.


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 F-2 
 


 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (DEFICIT)

 

                          
   Series A Preferred Stock  Common Stock  Additional Paid-in 

Accum-

ulated Other Compre-

hensive

   

Accumulated

 

Non-

controlling

 

Total Stock-

holders' Equity

   Shares  Value  Shares  Value  Capital  Loss    Deficit  Interests  (Deficit)
                               
Balance, December 31, 2017   1   $1    121,274,424   $121,274   $46,007,475   $(524,819)     $(47,515,131)  $1,391,553   $(519,647)
                                                 
Conversion of convertible debenture(s) and other indebtedness into common stock   —      —      46,880,968    46,881    13,991    —         —      —      60,872 
Recognition of beneficial conversion features related to convertible debentures   —      —      —      —      68,836    —         —      —      68,836 
Stock based compensation   —      —      —      —      12,500    —         —      —      12,500 
Change in foreign currency translation   —      —      —      —      —      22,915       —      —      22,915 
Net income (loss)   —      —      —      —      —      —         (348,926)   (9,709)   (358,635)
                                                 
Balance, March 31, 2018   1   $1    168,155,392   $168,155   $ 46,102,802   $(501,904)      $(47,864,057)  $1,381,844   $(713,159)
                                                 
Conversion of convertible debenture(s) and other indebtedness into common stock   —      —      41,128,200    41,129    (4,280)   —         —      —      36,849 
Recognition of beneficial conversion features related to convertible debentures   —      —      —      —      492,797    —         —      —      492,797 
Stock based compensation   —      —      —      —      114,256    —         —      —      114,256 
Change in foreign currency translation   —      —      —      —      —      (104,317)      —      —      (104,317)
Net income (loss)   —     $—      —     $—     $—     $—        $(459,138)  $(51,642)  $(510,780)
                                                 
Balance, June 30, 2018   1   $ 1    209,283,592   $209,284   $46,705,575   $(606,221)     $(48,323,195)  $1,330,202   $(684,354)

 

 

                                         
    Series A Preferred Stock   Common Stock  

Addi-

tional Paid-in

 

Accumulated Other Compre-

hensive

      Accumulated  

Non-

con-

trolling

 

Total Stock-

holders' Equity

    Shares   Value   Shares   Value   Capital   Loss       Deficit   Interests   (Deficit)
                                         
Balance, December 31, 2018     1     $  1       332,260,644     $ 332,260     $ 46,771,464     $ (566,105 )       $ (49,181,331 )   $  1,369,081     $  (1,274,630 )
                                                                             
Conversion of convertible debenture(s) and other indebtedness into common stock     —         —         128,257,767       128,258       (67,771 )     —             —         —         60,487  
Stock based compensation     —         —         —         —         53,587       —             —         —         53,587  
Change in foreign currency translation     —         —         —         —         —         (2,534 )         —         —         (2,534 )
Sale of Jupiter Gold common stock in connection with equity offerings     —         —         —         —         —         —             —         95,219       95,219  
Issuance of common stock purchase warrants in connection with sales of Jupiter Gold common stock     —         —         —         —         29,781       —             —         —         29,781  
                                                                             
Net income (loss)     —       $ —         —       $ —       $ —       $ —           $ (404,451 )   $ (43,571 )    $ (448,022 )
                                                                             
Balance, March 31, 2019     1     $  1       460,518,411     $ 460,518     $  46,787,061      $ (568,639 )        $ (49,585,782 )   $ 1,420,729      $ (1,486,112 )
                                                                             
Issuance of common stock in connection with sales made under private offerings     —         —         223,584,906       223,585       (111,085 )     —             —         —         112,500  
Conversion of convertible debenture(s) and other indebtedness into common stock     —         —         181,909,995       181,910       (117,710 )     —             —         —         64,200  
Issuance of common stock options in lieu of cash for extinguishment of convertible notes with related party     —        —        —        —        270,254       —            —        —        270,254  
Recognition of beneficial conversion features related to convertible debentures     —        —        —        —        323,355       —            —        —        323,355  
Stock based compensation     —         —         —         —         53,587       —             —         —         53,587  
Change in foreign currency translation     —         —         —         —         —         9,139           —         —         9,139  
Sale of Jupiter Gold common stock in connection with equity offerings     —         —         —         —         —         —             —         7,224       7,224  
Issuance of common stock purchase warrants in connection with sales of Jupiter Gold common stock     —         —         —         —         2,776        —             —         —         2,776  
Net income (loss)     —       $ —         —       $ —       $  —       $ —            $ (614,527 )    $ (44,311 )    $ (658,838 )
                                                                             
Balance, June 30, 2019     1     $  1       866,013,312     $ 866,013      $ 47,208,238     $ (559,500 )       $  (50,200,309 )    $ 1,383,642      $ (1,301,915 )

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 F-3 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

         
    Six Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
    2019   2018
         
Cash flows from operating activities of continuing operations:                
Net loss   $ (1,106,860 )   $ (869,415 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:                
Stock based compensation and services     107,174       126,756  
Amortization of debt discounts     296,521       270,723  
Common stock issued in satisfaction of other financing costs     5,450       1,050   
Loss on extinguishment of debt     68,015       -  
Depreciation and amortization     37,041       43,975  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:                
Accounts receivable     242       -  
Deposits and advances     (1,323 )     -  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     98,264       77,607  
Accrued salary due to officer     115,500       100,638  
Other noncurrent liabilities     5,653       7,683  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities     (374,323 )     (240,983 )
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:                
Acquisition of property and equipment     (78 )     (803 )
Advances to related parties     -       (1,173 )
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities     (78 )     (1,976 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:                
Loan from officer     (16,706 )     (38,214 )
Net proceeds from sale of common stock     112,500       -  
Proceeds from sale of subsidiary common stock to noncontrolling interests     135,000       -  
Proceeds from convertible notes payable     -       130,556  
Proceeds from loans payable     150,280       47,000  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities     381,074       139,342  
                 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents     497       34,033  
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     7,170       (65,584 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     2,374       84,107  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 9,544     $ 14,523  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:                
Cash paid for interest   $ -     $ -  
Cash paid for income taxes   $ -     $ -  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:                
 Related party convertible notes payable exchanged for stock options   $ 202,240     $ -  
Shares issued in connection with conversion of debt and accrued interest   $ 124,686     $ 96,670  
Conversion of related party payables into convertible notes payable   $ 323,355     $ 445,628  
Discount for beneficial conversion features on convertible notes   $ 323,355     $ 561,633  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

 

 F-4 
 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION, BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Organization and Description of Business

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc. ("Brazil Minerals" or the "Company") was incorporated as Flux Technologies, Corp. under the laws of the State of Nevada, U.S. on December 15, 2011. The Company changed its management and business on December 18, 2012, to focus on mineral exploration. Brazil Minerals, through subsidiaries, owns mineral rights in Brazil for gold, diamonds, cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel, precious gems (aquamarine, beryl, tourmaline) and sand.

 

On July 27, 2016, upon approval by its Board of Directors, the Company sold a 99.99% equity interest in Mineração Jupiter Ltda to Jupiter Gold Corporation ("Jupiter Gold"), a newly created company, in exchange for 4,000,000 shares of the common stock of Jupiter Gold. On December 16, 2016, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") declared effective a Registration Statement filed by Jupiter Gold for the sale of shares in a public offering in the U.S. As of June 30, 2019, the Company has ownership of approximately 49.1% of the equity of Jupiter Gold. The Company has concluded that Jupiter Gold Corporation and its subsidiary, Mineração Jupiter Ltda are VIEs in accordance with applicable accounting standards and guidance; and as such, the accounts and results of JGC and MJL have been included in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial statements and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). and are expressed in United States dollars. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all the adjustments necessary (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) to present the financial position of the Company as of June 30, 2019, and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future period. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes thereto included in Form 10-K for the fiscal period ended December 31, 2018 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on April 15, 2019.

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its 99.99% owned subsidiary, BMIX Participações Ltda. ("BMIXP"), which includes the accounts of BMIXP's wholly-owned subsidiary, Mineração Duas Barras Ltda. ("MDB").

 

During the year ended December 31, 2014, BMIXP acquired an initial 25% interest in RST Recursos Minerais Ltda. ("RST"), and during the first quarter of 2015, it acquired an additional 25% interest in RST, thus bringing its total ownership of RST to 50%. As of March 18, 2015, RST has been consolidated within the Company's financial statements.

 

On April 17, 2015, BMIXP incorporated Hercules Resources Corporation ("HRC"). On May 27, 2015, HRC formalized title to 99.99% of Hercules Brasil Comercio e Transportes Ltda. ("Hercules Brasil"). Thus, Hercules Brasil is a wholly-owned subsidiary and has been consolidated within the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

On July 27, 2016, upon approval by its Board of Directors, the Company entered into a stock purchase and sale agreement pursuant to which HRC transferred its 99.99% equity interest in Mineração Jupiter Ltda ("MJL") to the Company which immediately thereafter sold such equity interest to Jupiter Gold Corporation ("JGC"), a newly created company, in exchange for all of the common stock of JGC. On December 16, 2016, the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") declared effective a Registration Statement filed by JGC for the sale of shares in a public offering in the U.S. As of June 30, 2019, the Company has ownership of approximately 49.1% of the equity of JGC. The Company has concluded that Jupiter Gold Corporation and its subsidiary, Mineração Jupiter Ltda are VIEs in accordance with applicable accounting standards and guidance; and as such, the accounts and results of JGC and MJL have been included in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingencies at the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

 

 

 F-5 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Going Concern

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has limited working capital, has incurred losses in each of the past two years, and has not yet received material revenues from sales of products or services. These factors create substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustment that might be necessary if the Company is unable to continue as a going concern.

 

The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent on the Company generating cash from its operations, the sale of its stock and/or obtaining debt financing. During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company funded operations primarily through the sale of debt and equity securities and through the receipt of proceeds from revenues. Management's plan to fund its capital requirements and ongoing operations include an increase in cash received from sales of gold and rough diamonds recovered from a new mining area that the Company expects will become operational in 2019. Management's secondary plan to cover any shortfall is selling its equity securities, including common stock in the Company or common stock in Jupiter Gold that it owns, and obtaining debt financing. There can be no assurance the Company will be successful in these efforts.

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The Company follows the guidance of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 820 – Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure. Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. The guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of our Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect our Company's assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

·Level 1. Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;

 

·Level 2. Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and

 

·Level 3. Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

 

The Company's financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, taxes receivable, prepaid expenses, inventory, deposits and other assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses and convertible notes payable. The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value due to either length of maturity or interest rates that approximate prevailing market rates unless otherwise disclosed in these consolidated financial statements.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments purchased with a maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents to the extent that the funds are not being held for investment purposes. The Company's bank accounts are deposited in FDIC insured institutions. Funds held in U.S. banks are insured up to $250,000 and funds held in Brazilian banks are insured up to $250,000 Brazilian Reais (translating into approximately $65,237 as of June 30, 2019).

 

Inventory

 

Inventory for the Company consists of ore stockpile, containing auriferous and diamondiferous gravel, which after processing in a recovery plant yields diamonds and gold, and is stated at lower of cost or market. No value was placed on sand. The amount of any write-down of inventories to net realizable value and all losses, are recognized in the period the write-down of loss occurs. At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, inventory consisted primarily of rough ore stockpiled for further gold and diamonds recovery. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not record any write downs against the value of its inventory.

 

 

 F-6 
 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Taxes Receivable

 

The Company records a receivable for value added taxes receivable from Brazilian authorities on goods and services purchased by its Brazilian subsidiaries. The Company intends to recover the taxes through the acquisition of capital equipment from sellers who accept tax credits as payments.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Major improvements and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life. At the time of retirement or other disposition of property and equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in the statements of operations as other gain or loss, net.

 

The diamond and gold processing plant and other machinery are depreciated over an estimated useful life of ten years; vehicles are depreciated over an estimated life of four years; and computer and other office equipment over an estimated useful life of three years.

 

Right of use assets and lease liabilities

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases" (ASC 842). The standard requires lessees to recognize almost all leases on the balance sheet as an ROU asset and a lease liability and requires leases to be classified as either an operating or a finance type lease. The standard excludes leases of intangible assets or inventory. The standard became effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019. The Company adopted ASC 842 using the modified retrospective approach, by applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. Results and disclosure requirements for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2019 are presented under ASC 842, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting under ASC 840. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the standard, which also allowed the Company to carry forward historical lease classifications. The Company also elected the practical expedient related to treating lease and non-lease components as a single lease component for all equipment leases as well as electing a policy exclusion permitting leases with an original lease term of less than one year to be excluded from the ROU assets and lease liabilities.

 

Under ASC 842, the Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Right-of-Use ("ROU") assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term. For this purpose, the Company considers only payments that are fixed and determinable at the time of commencement. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company estimated the incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments. The ROU asset also includes any lease payments made prior to commencement and is recorded net of any lease incentives received. The Company lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options.

 

Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use assets, operating lease liabilities, current and operating lease liabilities, non-current on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

As a result of the adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019, the Company recorded both operating lease ROU assets of $21,292 and operating lease liabilities of $21,292. As of June 30, 2019, both the operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities totaled $10,646. The adoption did not impact the Company's beginning retained earnings, or prior year consolidated statements of income and statements of cash flows.

 

Mineral Properties

 

Costs of exploration, carrying and retaining unproven mineral lease properties are expensed as incurred. Mineral property acquisition costs, including licenses and lease payments, are capitalized. Although the Company has taken steps to verify title to mineral properties in which it has an interest, these procedures do not guarantee the Company's rights. Such properties may be subject to prior agreements or transfers and title may be affected by undetected defects.

 

Impairment losses are recorded on mineral properties used in operations when indicators of impairment are present and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than the assets' carrying amount. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company did not recognize any impairment losses related to mineral properties held.

 

 

 

 F-7 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Taxes Receivable

 

The Company records a receivable for value added taxes receivable from Brazilian authorities on goods and services purchased by its Brazilian subsidiaries. The Company intends to recover the taxes through the acquisition of capital equipment from sellers who accept tax credits as payments.

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Major improvements and betterments are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life. At the time of retirement or other disposition of property and equipment, the cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in the statements of operations as other gain or loss, net.

 

The diamond and gold processing plant and other machinery are depreciated over an estimated useful life of ten years; vehicles are depreciated over an estimated life of four years; and computer and other office equipment over an estimated useful life of three years.

 

Right of use assets and lease liabilities

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases" (ASC 842). The standard requires lessees to recognize almost all leases on the balance sheet as an ROU asset and a lease liability and requires leases to be classified as either an operating or a finance type lease. The standard excludes leases of intangible assets or inventory. The standard became effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019. The Company adopted ASC 842 using the modified retrospective approach, by applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. Results and disclosure requirements for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2019 are presented under ASC 842, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting under ASC 840. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the standard, which also allowed the Company to carry forward historical lease classifications. The Company also elected the practical expedient related to treating lease and non-lease components as a single lease component for all equipment leases as well as electing a policy exclusion permitting leases with an original lease term of less than one year to be excluded from the ROU assets and lease liabilities.

 

Under ASC 842, the Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. Right-of-Use ("ROU") assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term. For this purpose, the Company considers only payments that are fixed and determinable at the time of commencement. As most of the Company's leases do not provide an implicit rate, the Company estimated the incremental borrowing rate in determining the present value of lease payments. The ROU asset also includes any lease payments made prior to commencement and is recorded net of any lease incentives received. The Company lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options.

 

Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use assets, operating lease liabilities, current and operating lease liabilities, non-current on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

As a result of the adoption of ASC 842 on January 1, 2019, the Company recorded both operating lease ROU assets of $21,292 and operating lease liabilities of $21,292. As of June 30, 2019, both the operating lease ROU assets and operating lease liabilities totaled $10,646. The adoption did not impact the Company's beginning retained earnings, or prior year consolidated statements of income and statements of cash flows.

 

Mineral Properties

 

Costs of exploration, carrying and retaining unproven mineral lease properties are expensed as incurred. Mineral property acquisition costs, including licenses and lease payments, are capitalized. Although the Company has taken steps to verify title to mineral properties in which it has an interest, these procedures do not guarantee the Company's rights. Such properties may be subject to prior agreements or transfers and title may be affected by undetected defects.

 

Impairment losses are recorded on mineral properties used in operations when indicators of impairment are present and the undiscounted cash flows estimated to be generated by those assets are less than the assets' carrying amount. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company did not recognize any impairment losses related to mineral properties held.

 

Intangible Assets

 

For intangible assets purchased in a business combination, the estimated fair values of the assets received are used to establish their recorded values. For intangible assets acquired in a non-monetary exchange, the estimated fair values of the assets transferred (or the estimated fair values of the assets received, if more clearly evident) are used to establish their recorded values, unless the values of neither the assets received nor the assets transferred are determinable within reasonable limits, in which case the assets received are measured based on the carrying values of the assets transferred. Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach, income approach and/or cost approach are used to measure fair value. Intangible assets consist of mineral rights awarded by the Brazilian national mining department and held by the Company's subsidiaries.

 

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

For long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangible assets subject to amortization, the Company continually monitors events and changes in circumstances that could indicate carrying amounts of long-lived assets may not be recoverable. When such events or changes in circumstances are present, the Company assesses the recoverability of long-lived assets by determining whether the carrying value of such assets will be recovered through undiscounted expected future cash flows. If the total of the future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of those assets, the Company recognizes an impairment loss based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or the fair value less costs to sell. 

 

 

 F-8 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Convertible Instruments

 

The Company evaluates and account for conversion options embedded in convertible instruments in accordance with ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging Activities”.

 

Applicable GAAP requires companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria include circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under other GAAP with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument.

 

The Company accounts for convertible instruments (when it has been determined that the embedded conversion options should not be bifurcated from their host instruments) by recording, when necessary, discounts to convertible notes for the intrinsic value of conversion options embedded in debt instruments based upon the differences between the fair value of the underlying common stock at the commitment date of the note transaction and the effective conversion price embedded in the note. Debt discounts under these arrangements are amortized over the term of the related debt to their stated date of redemption.

 

Variable Interest Entities

 

The Company determines at the inception of each arrangement whether an entity in which the Company holds an investment or in which the Company has other variable interests in is considered a variable interest entity ("VIE"). The Company consolidates VIEs when it is the primary beneficiary. The primary beneficiary of a VIE is the party that meets both of the following criteria: (1) has the power to make decisions that most significantly affect the economic performance of the VIE; and (2) has the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that in either case could potentially be significant to the VIE. Periodically, the Company assesses whether any changes in the interest or relationship with the entity affect the determination of whether the entity is still a VIE and, if so, whether the Company is the primary beneficiary. If the Company is not the primary beneficiary in a VIE, the Company accounts for the investment under the equity method or cost method in accordance with the applicable GAAP.

 

The Company has concluded that Jupiter Gold Corporation and its subsidiary, Mineração Jupiter Ltda are VIEs in accordance with applicable accounting standards and guidance; and although the operations of Jupiter Gold are independent of the Company, through governance rights, the Company has the power to direct the activities that are most significant to Jupiter Gold. Therefore, the Company concluded that it is the primary beneficiary of the Jupiter Gold.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606"), using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historic accounting under ASC 605. As of December 31, 2018, the consolidated financial statements were not materially impacted as a result of the application of Topic 606 compared to Topic 605.

 

 9 
 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

The Company recognizes revenue under ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The core principle of the new revenue standard is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

 

· Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer
   
· Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract
   
· Step 3: Determine the transaction price
   
· Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
   
· Step 5: Recognize revenue when the company satisfies a performance obligation

  

In order to identify the performance obligations in a contract with a customer, a company must assess the promised goods or services in the contract and identify each promised good or service that is distinct. A performance obligation meets ASC 606's definition of a "distinct" good or service (or bundle of goods or services) if both of the following criteria are met:

 

  · The customer can benefit from the good or service either on its own or together with other resources that are readily available to the customer

 

  · The entity's promise to transfer the good or service to the customer is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract (i.e.,

  

 If a good or service is not distinct, the good or service is combined with other promised goods or services until a bundle of goods or services is identified that is distinct.

 

 

 F-10 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer. The consideration promised in a contract with a customer may include fixed amounts, variable amounts, or both. When determining the transaction price, an entity must consider the effects of all of the following:

 

· Variable consideration
   
· Constraining estimates of variable consideration
   
· The existence of a significant financing component in the contract
   
· Noncash consideration
   
· Consideration payable to a customer

 

Variable consideration is included in the transaction price only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved.

 

The transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation on a relative standalone selling price basis.

 

The transaction price allocated to each performance obligation is recognized when that performance obligation is satisfied, at a point in time or over time as appropriate.

 

Costs of Goods Sold

 

Included within costs of goods sold are the costs of cutting and polishing rough diamonds and costs of production such as diesel fuel, labor, and transportation.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company records stock-based compensation in accordance with ASC Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation. ASC 718 requires companies to measure compensation cost for stock-based employee compensation at fair value at the grant date and recognize the expense over the employee's requisite service period. Under ASC 718, volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock or the expected volatility of the stock of similar companies. The expected life assumption is primarily based on historical exercise patterns and employee post-vesting termination behavior. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant.

 

The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which was developed for use in estimating the fair value of options. Option-pricing models require the input of highly complex and subjective variables including the expected life of options granted and the expected volatility of our stock price over a period equal to or greater than the expected life of the options. Because changes in the subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimated value of our employee stock options, it is management's opinion that the Black-Scholes option-pricing model may not provide an accurate measure of the fair value of our employee stock options. Although the fair value of employee stock options is determined in accordance with ASC Topic 718 using an option-pricing model, that value may not be indicative of the fair value observed in a willing buyer/willing seller market transaction.

 

On June 20, 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07 which simplifies the accounting for share-based payments granted to nonemployees for goods and services. Under the ASU, most of the guidance on such payments to nonemployees would be aligned with the requirements for share-based payments granted to employees. Previously, share-based payment arrangements to nonemployees were accounted for under ASC 718, while nonemployee share-based payments issued for goods and services were accounted for under ASC 505-50. Before the amendment, the major difference for the Company (but not limited to) was the determination of measurement date which generally is the date on which the measurement of equity classified share-based payments becomes fixed. Equity classified share-based payments for employees was fixed at the time of grant. Equity-classified nonemployee share-based payment awards are no longer measured at the earlier of the date which a commitment for performance by the counterparty is reached or the date at which the counterparty’s performance is complete. They are now measured at the grant date of the award which is the same as share-based payments for employees. The Company adopted the requirements of the new rule as of January 1, 2019, the effective date of the new guidance.

 

 

 

 F-11 
 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

The Company has adopted a stock plan to attract, retain and motivate its directors, officers, employees, consultants and advisors. The Company's 2017 stock incentive plan provides for the issuance of up to 25,000,000 common shares for employees, consultants, directors, and advisors.

 

Foreign Currency

 

The Company's foreign subsidiaries use a local currency as the functional currency. Resulting translation gains or losses are recognized as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. Transaction gains or losses related to balances denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are recognized in the consolidated statements of operations. Net foreign currency transaction losses included in the Company's consolidated statements of operations were negligible for all periods presented.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. ASC 740 requires a company to use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes, whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences, and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion, or all of, the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company's deferred tax assets had a full valuation allowance.

 

Under ASC 740, a tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is "more likely than not" that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the "more likely than not" test, no tax benefit is recorded. The Company has identified the United States Federal tax returns as its "major" tax jurisdiction.

 

On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA"), which instituted fundamental changes to the taxation of multinational corporations, including a reduction the U.S. corporate income tax rate to 21% beginning in 2018.

 

The TCJA also requires a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of the cumulative earnings of certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries as of December 31, 2017. To determine the amount of this transition tax, the Company must determine the amount of earnings generated since inception by the relevant foreign subsidiaries, as well as the amount of non-U.S. income taxes paid on such earnings, in addition to potentially other factors. The Company believes that no such tax will be due since its Brazilian subsidiaries have, when required, paid taxes locally and that they have incurred a cumulative operating deficit since inception.

 

Basic Income (Loss) Per Share

 

The Company computes loss per share in accordance with ASC Topic 260, Earnings per Share, which requires presentation of both basic and diluted earnings per share on the face of the statement of operations. Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares during the period. Diluted loss per share gives effect to all dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. As of June 30, 2019, the Company's potentially dilutive securities relate to common stock issuable in connection with convertible notes payable, options and warrants.

 

 

 F-12 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

Other Comprehensive Income

 

Other comprehensive income is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources, other than net income and including foreign currency translation adjustments. 

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net earnings (loss) or and financial position.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

We have reviewed other recent accounting pronouncements issued to the date of the issuance of these consolidated financial statements, and we do not believe any of these pronouncements will have a material impact on the Company. 

 

NOTE 2 – COMPOSITION OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL STATEMENT ITEMS

 

Property and Equipment

 

The following table sets forth the components of the Company's property and equipment at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

    June 30, 2019     December 31, 2018  
    Cost     Accumulated Depreciation    

Net Book

Value

    Cost     Accumulated Depreciation    

Net Book

Value

 
Capital assets subject to depreciation:                                    
Computers and office equipment   $ 1,581      $ (778  )   $ 803      $ 1,572     $ (769 )   $ 803  
Machinery and equipment     455,808        (292,301  )     163,507        451,310       (268,537 )     182,773  
Vehicles     172,784        (127,697  )     45,087        170,885       (110,683 )     60,202  
Total fixed assets   $ 630,173      $ (420,776  )   $ 209,397      $ 623,767     $ (379,989 )   $ 243,778  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 F-13 
 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company recorded depreciation expense of $19,160 and $20,969, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recorded depreciation expense of $37,041 and $43,975, respectively.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist of mining rights are not amortized as the mining rights are perpetual. The carrying value was $536,166 and $530,293 at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

Equity Investments without Readily Determinable Fair Values

 

On October 2, 2017, the Company entered into an exchange agreement whereby it issued 25,000,000 shares of its common stock in exchange for 500,000 shares of Ares Resources Corporation, a related party. The shares were recorded at $150,000, or $0.006 per share. The shares were valued based upon the lowest market price of the Company's common stock on the date the agreement.

 

Under ASC 825-10, the Company elected to use a measurement alternative for its equity investment that does not have a readily determinable fair value. As such, the Company measured its investment at cost, less any impairment, plus or minus any changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for an identical or similar investment of the same issuer.

 

The Company has recognized the cost of its investment in Ares, which is a private company with no readily determinable fair value, at its cost of $150,000 and accounts for the investment as an equity investment without a readily determinable fair value. The Company owns less than 5% of the total shares outstanding of Ares Resources Corporation.

 

Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

 

    June 30, 2019   December 31, 2018
Accounts payable and other accruals   $ 163,288     $ 140,968  
Accrued interest     453,379       390,322  
Total   $ 616,667     $ 531,290  

 

NOTE 3 – CONVERTIBLE PROMISSORY NOTES PAYABLE

 

The following tables set forth the components of the Company’s convertible debentures as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018: 

 

   

June 30,

2019

    December 31, 2018  
Convertible notes payable – fixed conversion price   $ 244,000       244,000  
Convertible notes payable – variable conversion price     525,397       630,923  
Less: loan discounts     (– )     (8,299 )
Total convertible notes, net   $ 769,397     $ 866,624  

 

 

 F-14 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

The following table sets forth a summary of change in our convertible notes payable for the six months ended June 30, 2019:

 

   June 30,
2019
Beginning balance  $866,624 
Amortization of debt discounts associated with convertible debt   8,299 
Conversion of convertible note principal into common stock   (110,976)
Penalties and interest assessed for default on terms   5,450 
Total convertible notes, net  $769,397 

 

Convertible Notes Payable - Fixed Conversion Price

 

On January 7, 2014, the Company issued to a family trust a senior secured convertible promissory note in the principal amount, and received gross proceeds, of $244,000 and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 488,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $62.50 per share through December 26, 2018. The Company received gross proceeds of $244,000 for the sale of such securities. The outstanding principal of the note bears interest at the rate of 12% per annum. The note is convertible at the option of the holder into common stock of the Company at a conversion rate of one share for each $50.00 of principal and interest converted. As of June 30, 2019, all warrants issued in connection with this note had expired.

 

The outstanding principal on the note was payable on March 31, 2015, which as of the date of these financial statements is past due and in technical default. The Company is in negotiations with the note holder to satisfy, amend the terms or otherwise resolve the obligation in default. No demand for payment has been made. As a result of the default, the interest rate on the note increased to 30% per annum. Interest was payable on September 30, 2014 and on the maturity date. As of June 30, 2019, the Company has accrued interest payable totaling $347,409 in connection with this note.

 

Convertible Notes Payable - Variable Conversion Price

 

At various times to fund operations, the Company issues convertible notes payable in which the conversion features are variable. In addition, some of these convertible notes payable have on issuance discounts and other fees withheld.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company issued to one noteholder, in various transactions, $242,144 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $232,344 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance ranging from July to December 2017. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $241,852 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. As of June 30, 2019, the outstanding principal balance on these notes total $200,144, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued to one noteholder in various transactions $477,609 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $454,584 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance ranging from January to August 2018. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $447,272 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. As of June 30, 2019, the outstanding principal balance on these notes total $196,034, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

 

 

 F-15 
 

 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company issued to one noteholder in various transactions $137,306 in convertible promissory notes with fixed floors and received an aggregate of $130,556 in proceeds. The convertible promissory notes each bear interest at 8.0% per annum and mature one year from issuance ranging from August 2018 to April 2019. After six months from issuance, each convertible promissory note is convertible at the option of the holder at a 50% discount to the lowest traded price of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 days. In addition, each note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $122,755 were recorded and are being amortized over the life of the notes. As of June 30, 2019, the outstanding principal balance on these notes total $129,220, and all discounts were fully amortized.

 

While many of these convertible notes are past their original maturity dates, the Company continues to maintain a favorable relationship and work with the lender with regard to financing its working capital needs. During the six months ended, the Company was assessed $5,450 in penalties and interest as a result of its default on payment by certain maturity dates by the lender. These charges increased the principal balance outstanding on the notes.

 

As of June 30, 2019, the Company has accrued interest payable totaling $88,746 in connection with these variable convertible notes.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, $0 and $146,393 of the discounts were amortized to interest expense, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, $8,299 and $270,723 of the discounts were amortized to interest expense, respectively.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company issued 181,909,995 and 41,128,200 shares of common stock upon conversion of $64,200 and $36,849, respectively, in notes payable and accrued interest. For the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company issued 310,167,762 and 88,009,168 shares of common stock upon conversion of $124,687 and $97,721, respectively, in notes payable and accrued interest.

 

Future Potential Dilution

 

Most of the Company's convertible notes payable contain adjustable conversion terms with significant discounts to market. As of June 30, 2019, the Company's convertible notes are convertible into an aggregate of approximately 1,313,494,375 shares of common stock. Due to the variable conversion prices on some of the Company's convertible notes, the number of common shares issuable is dependent upon the traded price of the Company's common stock.

 

 

NOTE 4 – LOANS PAYABLE

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company received bridge loan proceeds of $228,320 from one lender in various transactions. The loans payable bear interest at 8.0% per annum. The loans are payable upon demand.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company received bridge loan proceeds of $150,280 from one lender in various transactions. The loans payable bear interest at 8.0% per annum. The loans are payable upon demand.

 

As of June 30, 2019, the Company has accrued interest payable totaling $17,224 in connection with these loans payable.

 

 

NOTE 5 – OTHER NONCURRENT LIABILITIES

 

Other noncurrent liabilities are comprised solely of social contributions and other employee-related costs at our operating subsidiaries located in Brazil. The Company has been funding these amounts upon the termination of a worker or employee. The balance of these employee related costs as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 amounted to $196,187 and $188,423, respectively.

 

 

 F-16 
 

 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

NOTE 6 – STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

 

Authorized and Amendments

 

On March 15, 2018, an amendment of the charter of the Company filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada increased the number of authorized common shares to 950,000,000 with a par value of $0.001 per share.

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the Company had 950,000,000 common shares authorized with a par value of $0.001 per share.

Series A Preferred Stock

 

On December 18, 2012, the Company filed with the Nevada Secretary of State a Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock ("Series A Stock") to designate one share of a new series of preferred stock. The Certificate of Designations, Preferences and Rights of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock provides that for so long as Series A Stock is issued and outstanding, the holders of Series A Stock shall vote together as a single class with the holders of the Company's Common Stock, with the holders of Series A Stock being entitled to 51% of the total votes on all such matters regardless of the actual number of shares of Series A Stock then outstanding, and the holders of Common Stock are entitled to their proportional share of the remaining 49% of the total votes based on their respective voting power.

Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 Transactions

The Company engaged Noble Capital Markets, Inc. (“Noble”) as a non-exclusive financial advisor in December 2018. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company received $120,000 and $10,000, respectively, in gross proceeds from the sale of units consisting of common stock of its subsidiary, Jupiter Gold Corporation, and warrants to purchase the Company’s common stock to accredited investors. In aggregate, the securities the Company sold were 104,000 shares of Jupiter Gold Corporation and two-year warrants to purchase a total of 52,000,000 shares of Brazil Minerals at $0.0012 per share.

Additionally, we received $112,500 in gross proceeds from the sale of 223,584,906 shares of our common stock to accredited investors. 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company issued 181,909,995 and 310,167,762 shares of common stock upon conversion of $64,200 and $124,687 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest, respectively.

 

Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 Transactions

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company issued 41,128,200 and 88,009,168 shares of common stock upon conversion of $36,849 and $97,721 in convertible notes payable and accrued interest, respectively.

 

See Notes 2, 3 and 4 for additional discussions of common stock issuances.

 

Common Stock Options

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 10,226,100 shares of common stock to non-management directors. The options were valued at $87,500 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on date of grant (range of $0.03 to $0.07), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility ranging from 221% to 234%, risk-free interest rate of 1.80%, and an expected term of 5.00 years.

 

 

 

 F-17 
 

 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 31,073,000 shares of common stock to non-management directors. The options were valued at $50,000 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on the date of the grant ($0.0010 to $0.0026), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility calculated between a range of 205.4% to 217.0%, risk-free interest rate between a range of 1.80% to 2.95%, and an expected term of 5 years.

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, the Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 14,253,000 and 25,881,000 shares of common stock to non-management directors, respectively. The options were valued at $12,500 and $25,000 and recorded as stock-based compensation during the three and six months ended June 30, 2019. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on the date of the grant which ($0.0009 to $0.0011), expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility calculated between a range of 199.2% to 202.4%, risk-free interest rate between a range of 1.79% to 2.31%, and an expected term of 5 years.

 

 

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Leases

 

The Company leases offices in Pasadena, California, U.S., and in the municipality of Olhos D'Agua, Brazil. Such costs are immaterial to the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

NOTE 8 - RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

The following tables set forth the components of the Company’s related party payables as of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 

   

June 30,

2019

    December 31, 2018  
Salary, retirement contributions and advances payable to related party   $ –      224,516  
Other amounts due to related party     –        –   
                 
Convertible notes payable to related party   $ 566,743     445,628  
Less: loan discounts     (257,947 )      (222,814 )
Total convertible notes payable to related party, net   $ 308,796     $ 222,814  
                 
Total related party payables   $ 308,796     $ 447,330  

 

As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, amounts payable to the Chief Executive Officer for accrued salaries, retirement contributions, and advances made net of any repayments included within related party payable were $566,743 and $670,144, respectively.

 

Effective June 30, 2018, the Company issued a convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $445,628 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears no interest and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) the average of the five lowest bid prices of the Company's common stock over the previous 20 trading days or (ii) the lowest price per share at which the Company sold its common stock in a transaction with a person who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert or the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into shares of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. The note's conversion rate has a floor of $0.0001. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $445,628 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders. As of June 30, 2019, all discounts were fully amortized.

 

 

 

 F-19 
 

 

 

BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.

NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

On April 7, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the issuance of a convertible note in the principal amount of $261,631 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears interest at an annual rate of 6.0% and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) $0.00045 or (ii) the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into common stock of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $261,631 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders. As of June 30, 2019, there were unamortized debt discounts of $196,223 related to this note.

  

On April 7, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the exchange of $202,240 of convertible note principal due to its Chief Executive Officer for five-year stock options to purchase 224,711,111 shares of Brazil Minerals at an exercise price of $0.00001 and 505,600 shares of common stock of Jupiter Gold at an exercise price of $0.001. The options were valued at $270,255 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on date of grant of $0.0012, expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility ranging from 230.1% to 1,271.2%, risk-free interest rate of 2.50%, and an expected term of 5.00 years. In connection with the exchange, the Company recorded a loss on the extinguishment of debt totaling $68,015.

 

On April 7, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the exchange, initiated by a formal notice of conversion dated February 19, 2019, of $202,240 of convertible note principal due to its Chief Executive Officer for five-year stock options to purchase 224,711,111 shares of Brazil Minerals at an exercise price of $0.00001 and 505,600 shares of common stock of Jupiter Gold at an exercise price of $0.001. Per the terms of the convertible note agreement, the conversion notification permitted the holder, at his election, to receive either an issuance of 224,711,111 shares of Brazil Minerals and 505,600 shares of Jupiter Gold, or an issuance of stock options to purchase the same numbers of shares at a nominal exercise price. The options were valued at $270,255 in total. The options were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following average assumptions: our stock price on date of grant of $0.0012, expected dividend yield of 0%, historical volatility ranging from 230.1% to 1,271.2%, risk-free interest rate of 2.50%, and an expected term of 5.00 years. In connection with the exchange, the Company recorded a loss on the extinguishment of debt totaling $68,015.

 

On June 30, 2019, the Company’s board of directors approved the issuance of a convertible note in the principal amount of $61,724 to its Chief Executive Officer against a portion of these unpaid compensatory balances. The note bears interest at an annual rate of 6.0% and is payable on demand. The note is convertible at the option of the holder at the lower of (i) $0.0003 or (ii) the lowest price per share at which a noteholder who is not a manager, officer, or director of the Company converted any debt of the Company into common stock of the Company during the period from the date hereof until the giving of notice of the election to convert. Total debt discounts related to the beneficial conversion features of $61,724 were recorded and are being amortized over a one-year period consistent with the maturity dates of convertible notes issued to third party holders. As of June 30, 2019, there were unamortized debt discounts of $61,724 related to this note.

 

Investment in Ares Resources Corporation's Common Stock

 

On October 2, 2017, the Company entered into an exchange agreement whereby it issued 25,000,000 shares of its common stock in exchange for 500,000 shares of Ares Resources Corporation. Our chief executive officer also serves as an officer of Ares Resources Corporation, thus making it a related party under common ownership and control. The shares were recorded at $150,000, or $0.006 per share. The shares were valued based upon the lowest market price of the Company's common stock on the date the agreement. As of June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, no change in the value of the Ares common stock was recorded as the recorded value still approximated fair value.

 

 

NOTE 9 - SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

In accordance with FASB ASC 855-10 Subsequent Events, the Company has analyzed its operations subsequent to June 30, 2019 to the date these consolidated financial statements were issued, and has determined that it does not have any material subsequent events to disclose in these consolidated financial statements, except as follows:

 

The Company filed an Information Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) which is being furnished, pursuant to Section 14C of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), to the holders (the “Stockholders”) of common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”), of Brazil Minerals, Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), to notify the Stockholders that, on July 22, 2019, the Company received approval from the Board of Directors of the Company (the “Board”) and, on July 24 2019, a written consent in lieu of a meeting (the “Written Consent”) from a certain holder (the “Majority Stockholder”) of Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Series A Stock”). The Majority Stockholder beneficially owns one share of Preferred Stock, which has 51% of the voting power with respect to the approval by stockholders of an amendment to the Company’s Articles of Incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of Common Stock by two hundred million (250,000,000) from nine hundred fifty million (950,000,000) to one billion two hundred million (1,200,000,000) (the “Authorized Increase”).

On July 22, 2019, the Board approved this action and recommended to the Majority Stockholder that he approve them. On July 24, 2019, the Majority Stockholder approved the Authorized Increase by written consent in lieu of a meeting in accordance with the Nevada Revised Statutes (“NRS”). The Company will mail the Notice of Stockholder Action by Written Consent to the Stockholders on or about August 8, 2019.

 

 

 

 F-20 
 

 

 

Item 2.  MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

This Quarterly Report contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements for Brazil Minerals, Inc. reflect current expectations, as of the date of this Quarterly Report, and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward- looking statements as a result of various factors. Factors that could cause future results to materially differ from the recent results or those projected in forward-looking statements include: unprofitable efforts resulting not only from the failure to discover mineral deposits but also from finding mineral deposits that, though present, are insufficient in quantity and quality to return a profit from production; market fluctuations; government regulations, including regulations relating to royalties, allowable production, importing and exporting of minerals, and environmental protection; competition; the loss of services of key personnel; unusual or infrequent weather phenomena, sabotage, government or other interference in the maintenance or provision of infrastructure as well as general economic conditions.

 

Description of Business

 

Overview

 

Brazil Minerals, Inc. with its subsidiaries ("Brazil Minerals", the "Company", "we", "us", or "our") has two components to its business model: (1) growing a portfolio of mineral rights in a wide spectrum of strategic and sought-after minerals, from which equity holdings and/or royalty interests will develop, and (2) mining certain specific areas for gold, diamonds, and sand. We consolidate our results in this Annual Report.

 

Our progress as an exploration project generator has been steady. In early 2013 we owned mineral rights for diamonds and gold. Since then we have grown several-fold our bank of high-quality mineral properties (the "BMIX Mineral Bank") to currently include mineral rights for gold, diamonds, lithium, rare earths, nickel, and iron, among others.

 

Our first equity holdings from our exploration project generation strategy is Jupiter Gold Corporation ("Jupiter Gold"). Jupiter Gold has been a public company since December 16, 2016. Brazil Minerals’ ownership of Jupiter Gold’s common stock was 49.1% as of June 30, 2019.

 

Mineral Properties

 

Our mineral properties, as of August 12, 2019 are listed in the following table and summarized below.

 

 

Brazil Minerals

Project

 

 

Minerals

 

Location

 

Area (acres)

 

Status

 

I. Diamonds and Gold (Pindaíba Project)

 

Diamonds, Gold State of Minas Gerais, Brazil 1,310 Mining

 

II. Diamond and Gold (Jequitinhonha River Valley Land Bank)

 

 

Diamonds, Gold, Sand (for civil construction)

 

 

State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

 

 

 26,645

 

 

Mining & Research

 

 

III. Lithium Project

 

 

Lithium

 

 

State of Goiás, Brazil

 

 

17,487

 

 

Research

 

 

IV. Rare Earths Project

 

 

Gadolinium and other 10 rare earths minerals

 

 

 States of Goiás and Tocantins, Brazil

 

12,528

 

 

Research

 

V. Nickel Project Nickel, and possibly Cobalt,Copper State of Goiás, Brazil 4,991 Research
VI. Iron Project Iron State of Minas Gerais, Brazil 4,120 Research

 

 

 

 3 
 

 

 

Project Summaries

 

I. Diamonds and Gold - Pindaíba Project

 

Minerals: Gold (50% of revenues belong to Brazil Minerals and 50% to Jupiter Gold) &
  Diamonds (100% of revenues belong to Brazil Minerals)
   
Location: Olhos-d'Água, state of Minas Gerais
   
Area: 1,310 acres

 

Highlights:

 

· License to mine obtained in June 2019, and mining started during this current quarter.
   
· Extensive drilling campaign conducted by Brazil Minerals and concluded in Q3 2018.
   
· 35/35 of drill holes were visually positive for gold.
   
· 57% of drill holes had high-probability diamond recovery; a “diamond-rich” zone was identified in the area.
   
· The target area studied in this drilling campaign is an alluvial plain along the Jequitinhonha River Valley, an area known for placer mining for gem-quality diamonds and gold for over two hundred years.
   
· Pindaíba is a storied mineral rights area which at one point had thousands of settlers along its river margin prospecting for diamond. Old settler activity is usually a strong indication of robust mineralization.
   
· Old settler activity does not diminish the recoverable diamonds and gold from Brazil Minerals’ Project, as settlers prospected at the river margin with rudimentary tools and, by law, regulated mining must be done at least 100 meters from the margins of this river.
   
· A royalty agreement with Jupiter Gold by which Brazil Minerals will use Jupiter Gold’s recovery plant for processing entails that Brazil Minerals keeps 100% of the revenue from diamonds and that the revenue from gold is split equally with Jupiter Gold with respect to the Pindaíba Project.

 

 

 

 4 
 

 

 

 

 

https:||www.sec.gov|Archives|edgar|data|1540684|000107997418000213|image1.jpg

Figure Above: Map of Brazil Mineral’s Pindaíba Project

 

In September 2018, Brazil Minerals announced the conclusion of an extensive drilling campaign of a portion of the mineral right of the Pindaíba Project. It was reported that Brazil Minerals drilled 35 holes spaced 30 to 50 meters utilizing a Banka 4-inch drill. All 35 holes were positive for fine gold as observed by our drilling team, and samples were collected for quantitative geochemical analysis. The average depth for the auriferous gravel layer was 8 meters and with a thickness between 1.5 to 9.3 meters.

 

Brazil Minerals also announced that this extensive drilling campaign yielded alluvial material with a high likelihood for diamonds in over 57% of the drill holes executed. Further analysis of the campaign’s results and inspection of collected samples indicated the existence of a diamond-rich zone within the drilled area. Satellite markers for diamonds, such as limonite, rutilite and tourmalinite, among others, were observed in all samples recovered within this diamond-rich zone.

 

II. Diamonds and Gold - Jequitinhonha River Valley Land Bank

 

Minerals: Gold, Diamonds, Sand (for construction)
   
Location: Olhos-d'Água and Diamantina, state of Minas Gerais
   
Area: 26,645 acres

 

Highlights:

·Brazil Minerals owns 9 mining concessions and 10 pre-mining concessions. A mining concession if the highest level of mineral right title in Brazil. It permits mining in perpetuity as long as environmental licensing is kept current and mining guidelines are followed.

 

·This collection of mineral rights covers more than 60 miles of mineral rights alongside the banks of the Jequitinhonha River, a well-known area for diamonds and gold for over 200 years.

 

· Diamonds and gold appear together in alluvial material; mining is open-sky, year-round.

 

 

 

 5 
 

 

 

 

Brazil Minerals, through subsidiaries, has 31 mineral rights for diamond, gold, and sand, on and near the margins of the Jequitinhonha River in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil. The Jequitinhonha River valley is a well-known area for diamond and gold production; it has hosted alluvial production since the 18th century.

 

One of our mineral rights, covering 422 acres, is called “Duas Barras”, a mining concession for diamonds, gold and sand. Our concession, awarded by the Brazilian federal government through the Brazilian mining department, is the highest level of mineral right in Brazil. It permits us to mine in perpetuity provided that environmental licenses are kept current and that mining guidelines are followed.

 

https:||www.sec.gov|Archives|edgar|data|1540684|000107997418000213|image0.jpg

Figure Above: Map of Brazil Mineral’s Duas Barras Mining Concession

Mineralization

 

Vaaldiam, the previous owner of this mining concession, and at that time a publicly-traded Canadian company, performed detailed geological studies leading to the publication of an NI 43-101 technical report in 2007, with an update in 2008, as required by the rules of the Canadian securities administrator and filed in SEDAR. The NI 43-101 report describes the existence of mineralized materials amounting to 1,639,200 cubic meters with the following concentrations: 0.16 carats of diamonds per cubic meter and 182 milligrams of gold per cubic meter. Vaaldiam also submitted a bankable feasibility study to the Brazilian mining department in accordance with local regulations. The NI 43-101 technical report and the bankable feasibility study were not prepared in accordance with the SEC-sanctioned Industry Guide 7 for mining companies. Under such regulation, no assertion can be made about reserves and the term "resources" is not recognized.

  

Equipment & Processing

 

Diamonds and gold are present within gravel found in alluvial material in our concession area. Following drilling for identification of mineralized areas, we excavate the chosen perimeters, and gravel is removed and accumulated by excavator and bulldozer working together and later transported by truck to our recovery unit described below.

 

Recovery Plants

 

We have two working recovery plants for diamonds and gold. Our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold owns a modular recovery plant which utilizes a large centrifuge for recovery, currently deployed in this concession area. During 2017, this plant was completed, tested and made operational. The plant uses centrifugation as the primary method of gold separation. Material identified as potentially containing diamonds is retrieved and further processed in specific high-precision equipment for detection of diamonds, located in our large plant, as described below.

 

 

 6 
 

 

 

The modular plant is highly cost-effective and has become our preferred method of recovery for diamonds and gold. Under an agreement between Brazil Minerals and Jupiter Gold, this modular plant is solely operated by Brazil Minerals which retains 100% of the diamonds and 50% of the gold recovered from it, while the other 50% of gold is for the account of Jupiter Gold. Under U.S. GAAP consolidation of financial results for subsidiaries, any gold revenues obtained by Jupiter Gold are added to the revenues of Brazil Minerals.

 

Our other plant at this concession is regarded as the largest such type in Latin America and capable of processing upwards of 45 tons of gravel per hour of operation. It was acquired when we took over the concession. From the best information we have, this plant cost $2.5 million and was built by South African mining engineers. We utilize the state-of-the-art diamond recovery facilities from this large plant, following separation of concentrated diamondiferous-yielding material obtained after initial processing in our modular plant. We also utilize the gold laboratory unit of the large plant for final processing of gold obtained from our modular plant.

 

Fuel & Water

 

All of our equipment at the concession runs on diesel, purchased from multiple local vendors. Our water comes from lagoons that receive water from the Jequitinhonha River. We do not utilize any chemicals in any processes.

 

No Chemicals

 

All of our processing is based on washing auriferous and diamondiferous gravel with water, then applying physical processes such as sieving, shaking, followed by centrifugation. Diamonds and gold are heavy substances, allowing separation by such methods. The final step in diamond recovery uses diffraction differential in light emitted by diamonds versus non-diamonds.

  

Sand

 

The mining concession contains a sand bay from which in natura sand is extracted via excavator and sold to truckers. Our sand is of high-quality and sought after locally for civil construction projects.

 

Logistics

 

Our mining concession is an approximately one and half hour drive from Montes Claros with a population close to 700,000 people, with all needed services and the regional airport.

 

III. Lithium Project

 

Minerals: Lithium, and possibly Feldspar and gemstones such as Aquamarine, Beryllium, Tourmaline
   
Location: State of Minas Gerais
   
Area: 17,487 acres (10 mineral rights)

 

 

 

 7 
 

 

 

 

 
 

·         Our Lithium Project is located within a mining district which was extensively researched by CPRM (“Companhia de Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais”), the government-funded Geological Survey of Brazil, and singled out for high levels of lithium mineralization. In this district, the identified lithium deposits are associated with pegmatite formations, and lepidolite, petalite, and spodumene mineralization.

 

·         Our area may also have feldspar and pegmatites with gemstones such as aquamarine, beryl, tourmaline.

 

·         We plan to continue the research on our Lithium Project during the second half of 2019.

 

IV. Rare Earths Project

 

Minerals: Gadolinium and the usual other ten rare earth minerals
   
Location: State of Goiás (2 mineral rights) and State of Tocantins (1 mineral right)
   
Area:

12,528 acres

 

·Our Rare Earths Project is located in areas that are well-known for the presence of these minerals.

 

·The geochemistry of samples from these districts show presence of all eleven rare earths minerals, and in particular a notable concentration of the so-called “heavy” rare earths, which is less commonly seen and possibly more valuable

 

·We plan on conducting further studies throughout the rest of 2019.

 

V. Nickel Project Project

 

Minerals: Nickel, and possibly Cobalt, Copper
   
Location: State of Goiás
   
Area: 4,991 acres (2 mineral rights)

 

Highlights:

 

·In-situ geochemical analysis of samples confirmed the presence of nickel.

 

·We plan on conducting further studies throughout the rest of 2019, including the determination of potential drilling spots to ascertain levels of nickel and the possible presence of cobalt and/or copper.

 

 

 

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Highlights:

 

  § Our area has a high probability to be in a continuation of the same geological trend of nearby nickel, cobalt, copper areas.

  

 

 

 

Figures Above: Maps of Brazil Minerals’ Montes Claros de Goiás Project mineral rights (2 areas)

 

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VI. Iron Project

 

Minerals: Iron
 
Location: State of Minas Gerais
   
Area: 4,120 acres

 

Highlights:

 

·Our Iron Project is located in a mining district known as the “Quadrilatero Ferrifero” or Iron Quadrangle, and is home to numerous large iron mines.

 

·We plan on conducting further studies throughout the rest of 2019.

 

  

 

Figure Above: Map of Brazil Minerals’ Rubelita Project mineral right

 

 

Summary of Recent Key Events

 

· We raised $145,000 in gross proceeds through a private placement memorandum for which Noble Capital Markets, Inc. (“Noble”) served as financial advisor. The buyers were all U.S. accredited investors. In aggregate, the securities sold by us were 116,000 shares of Jupiter Gold Corporation and two-year warrants to purchase a total of 58,000,000 shares of Brazil Minerals at $0.0012 per share. Such proceeds were allocated for use in our general corporate expenses.
   
· We have obtained the final permit needed for mining our new gold and diamond project along the Jequitinhonha River in Brazil, and we are currently mining it. As disclosed previously, a drilling campaign indicated that 35 out of 35 drills holes were positive for gold. Additionally, in a majority of such drill holes, the so-called “satellite markers” that indicate the likely presence of diamonds were recovered.
   
· We obtained confirmation of nickel from in-loco geochemical studies in one of our projects.
   
· We added to our list of projects a mineral right for Iron in a premier area with iron mines.
   
· We added to our list of projects three mineral rights for Rare Earths in well-known areas for these minerals.
   

 

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Results of Operations

 

The Three Months Ended June 30, 2019 Compared to the Three Months ended June 30, 2018

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019, we had revenues of $5,172, compared to revenues of $2,385 for the similar period in 2018, an increase of 116.9%. The increase was primarily due to the sale of minerals and sand excavated during our exploratory operations. We anticipate that revenues will begin to increase with the licensing of a new high-quality areas for production in 2019 and beyond.

 

Our consolidated cost of goods sold during the three months ended June 30, 2019 was $52,041, comprised primarily of labor and fuel expenses, as well as machine maintenance. Our consolidated cost of goods sold for the similar period in 2018 was $33,216. The increase of 56.7% in cost of goods sold between 2018 and 2019 is explained by greater costs incurred in preparation of increased mining activities.

 

Our gross loss for the three months ended June 30, 2019 was $46,869. By comparison, our gross loss for the similar period in 2018 was $30,831. The increase in gross loss of 52.0% between 2018 and 2019 is explained by the greater costs incurred in preparation of increased mining activities, offset marginally by increased sales.

 

We incurred operating expenses of $325,527 during the three months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $294,231 in operating expenses for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $31,296 or 10.6%. This increase was mostly due to increased compensation costs, professional fees, and general and administrative expenses related to public company costs and increased financing efforts.

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2019, we had total other expenses of $286,442, compared to $185,718 in total other expenses for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $100,724 or 10.6%. These expenses, consisting of the amortization of debt discounts and interest expense on promissory notes, increased primarily due to the issuance of convertible notes to a related party in lieu of cash for compensation and other amounts previously accrued.

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2019, we experienced a net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. of $614,527, as compared to a net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. of $459,138 for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $155,389 or 33.8%. 

 

On a per share basis (both basic and diluted), the net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. was $0.00 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 versus $0.00 for the similar period in 2018.

 

The Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 Compared to the Six Months ended June 30, 2018

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we had revenues of $9,965, compared to revenues of $7,300 for the similar period in 2018, an increase of 38.1%. The increase was primarily due to the sale of minerals and sand excavated during our exploratory operations.

 

Our consolidated cost of goods sold during the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $95,278, comprised primarily of labor and fuel expenses, as well as machine maintenance. Our consolidated cost of goods sold for the similar period in 2018 was $69,084. The increase of 37.9% in cost of goods sold between 2018 and 2019 is explained by greater costs incurred in preparation of increased mining activities.

 

Our gross loss for the six months ended June 30, 2019 was $85,313. By comparison, our gross loss for the similar period in 2018 was $61,784. The increase in gross loss of 38.1% between 2018 and 2019 is explained by the greater costs incurred in preparation of increased mining activities, offset marginally by increased sales.

 

We incurred operating expenses of $580,546 during the six mo nths ended June 30, 2019, compared to $472,194 in operating expenses for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $108,352 or 23.0%. This increase was mostly due to increased compensation costs, professional fees, and general and administrative expenses related to public company costs and increased financing efforts, offset in part by lower stock-based compensation costs.

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2019, we had total other expenses of $441,001, compared to $335,537 in total other expenses for the similar period in 2018, a decrease of $105,564 or 31.5%. These expenses, consisting of the amortization of debt discounts and interest expense on promissory notes, increased primarily due to the issuance of convertible notes to a related party in lieu of cash for compensation and other amounts previously accrued.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2019, we experienced a net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. of $1,018,978, as compared to a net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. of $808,064 for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $210,914 or 26.1%. 

 

On a per share basis (both basic and diluted), the net loss attributable to Brazil Minerals, Inc. was $0.00 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 versus $0.01 for the similar period in 2018.

 

 

 

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As of June 30, 2019, we had total current assets of $82,815 compared to total current liabilities of $2,487,073 for a current ratio

As of June 30, 2019, we had total current assets of $82,815 compared to total current liabilities of $2,084,106 for a current ratio of 0.03 to 1 and a working capital deficit of $2,001,291. By comparison, as of December 31, 2018, we had total current assets of $63,286 compared to total current liabilities of $2,073,564 for a current ratio of 0.03 to 1 and a working capital deficit of $2,010,278. In both 2019 and 2018, our principal sources of liquidity were through the issuance of equity, bridge loans and convertible debt.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $3734,323 during the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $240,983 for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $133,340 or 55.3%. Net cash used in investing activities was $78 during the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $1,976 for the similar period in 2018, a decline of $1,898 or 96.1%. Net cash provided by financing activities was $381,074 during the six months ended June 30, 2019, compared to $139,342 for the similar period in 2018, an increase of $241,732 or 173.5%.

   

During the six months ended June 30, 2019 and year ended December 31, 2018, our primary sources of liquidity were derived from proceeds from debt equity issuances from us and one of our subsidiaries. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent on our ability to increase revenue from our mining processes, and continued success in our ability to raise new debt and equity capital, all of which provide cash flow for our operations. We believe that we will be successful in achieving these efforts, but there can be no assurance. We have no plans for any significant cash acquisitions in the foreseeable future.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We currently have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, loans to a related party, accrued expenses, and an amount due to a director. The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximates fair value due either to length of maturity or interest rates that approximate prevailing market rates unless otherwise disclosed in our financial statements. If our estimate of the fair value is incorrect at June 30, 2019, it could negatively affect our financial position and liquidity and could result in our having understated our net loss.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.  Our significant accounting policies are described in Note 1 of the financial statements. We have reviewed all recent accounting pronouncements issued to the date of the issuance of these financial statements, and we do not believe any of these pronouncements will have a material impact on us.

 

Item 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

We engaged Noble Capital Markets, Inc. (“Noble”) as a non-exclusive financial advisor in December 2018. During the second quarter of 2019, with the assistance of Noble, we received $10,000 in gross proceeds from the sale of units consisting of common stock of our subsidiary, Jupiter Gold Corporation, and warrants to purchase our common stock to accredited investors. In aggregate, the securities we sold were 8,000 shares of Jupiter Gold Corporation and two-year warrants to purchase a total of 4,000,000 shares of Brazil Minerals at $0.0012 per share.

 

Additionally, we received $112,500 in gross proceeds from the sale of 223,584,906 shares of our common stock to accredited investors.

 

All of the above securities were issued in accordance with an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act") under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act by virtue of being offered without employing any means of general solicitation and issued to purchasers which represented to us that they are accredited investors and that they were acquiring the securities for investment and could bear the economic risk of the investment. All proceeds of the above described transactions were for use in the normal course of business of the Company.

 

Item 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Pursuant to Item 305(e) of Regulation S-K (§ 229.305(e)), the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item as it is a "smaller reporting company," as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1).

 

 

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Item 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the design, operation, and effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act as of June 30, 2019. On the basis of that evaluation, management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed in reports filed or submitted pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission"), and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure were not effective for the reasons described in Item 4(b), but we intend to make them effective by the actions described in Item 4(b).

 

(b) Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Our internal control system is designed to provide reasonable assurance to management and to our Board of Directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on his evaluation under the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework (2013), he concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of June 30, 2019.

   

(c) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred in the first quarter of 2019 that materially affected, or would be reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

(d)  Limitations of the Effectiveness of Internal Controls

 

The effectiveness of the Company's system of disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting is subject to certain limitations, including the exercise of judgment in designing, implementing and evaluating the control system, the assumptions used in identifying the likelihood of future events, and the inability to eliminate fraud and misconduct completely. As a result, there can be no assurance that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting will detect all errors or fraud. However, the Company's control systems have been designed to provide reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives, and the Company's Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting are effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

 

 

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PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 6.    EXHIBITS

 

(a) Exhibits

 

Exhibit

Number 

   Description
     
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
     
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned there unto duly authorized.

 

  BRAZIL MINERALS, INC.  
       
Date: August 19, 2019 By: /s/ Marc Fogassa  
    Marc Fogassa  
    Chief Executive Officer  

 

 

 

 

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