Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Beneficial Bancorp
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
8-K 2019-02-01 Earnings, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-01 M&A, Shareholder Rights, Control, Officers, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-06 Shareholder Vote, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-29 Other Events
8-K 2018-10-19 Earnings, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-08 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-07 Enter Agreement, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-20 Earnings, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-12 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-20 Earnings, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-19 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-02-13 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-01 Earnings, Other Events, Exhibits
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CR Crane 5,130
OUT Outfront Media 3,540
PLAY Dave & Buster's 2,130
EVTC Evertec 2,040
DRQ Dril-Quip 1,520
ARVN Arvinas 691
TBBK The Bancorp 573
QPRC Quest Patent Research 0
RBOI Results Based Outsourcing 0
BNCL 2018-12-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Consolidated Financial and Other Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary
EX-23.1 a19-30071_1ex23d1.htm
EX-31.1 a19-30071_1ex31d1.htm
EX-31.2 a19-30071_1ex31d2.htm
EX-32 a19-30071_1ex32.htm

Beneficial Bancorp Earnings 2018-12-31

BNCL 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 a19-30071_110k.htm 10-K

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

 

x      ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from               to              

 

Commission File Number: 001-36806

 

BENEFICIAL BANCORP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

47-1569198
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

1818 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
(Address of principal executive offices)

 

19103
(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:  (215) 864-6000

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

 

Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. 

Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  x  No  o

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an “emerging growth company.”  See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

(Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer x

 

Accelerated Filer o

 

Emerging Growth Company o

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Accelerated Filer o

 

Smaller Reporting Company o

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes 
o  No  x

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates as of June 30, 2018 was approximately $1.2 billion.  As of February 26, 2019, there were 74,691,275 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.

 

Note on Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These statements are not historical facts, but rather are statements based on Beneficial Bancorp’s current expectations regarding its business strategies, intended results and future performance. Forward-looking statements are preceded by terms such as “expects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “intends” and similar expressions.

 

Management’s ability to predict results or the effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Factors that could affect actual results include, but are not limited to, our ability to complete our previously announced business combination with WSFS Financial Corporation, interest rate trends, the general economic climate in our market area, as well as nationwide, our ability to control costs and expenses, competitive products and pricing, loan delinquency rates and changes in federal and state legislation and regulation and tax laws. These factors should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. Beneficial Bancorp assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

 

INDEX

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

Part I

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Business

1

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

15

 

 

 

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

20

 

 

 

Item 2.

Properties

20

 

 

 

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

20

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20

 

 

 

 

Part II

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

22

 

 

 

Item 6.

Selected Consolidated Financial Data and Other Data

23

 

 

 

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

25

 

 

 

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

56

 

 

 

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

56

 

 

 

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

56

 

 

 

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

56

 

 

 

Item 9B.

Other Information

58

 

 

 

 

Part III

 

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

58

 

 

 

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

61

 

 

 

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

83

 

 

 

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

85

 

 

 

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

86

 

 

 

 

Part IV

 

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

86

 

 

 

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

87

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

 


Table of Contents

 

PART I

 

Item 1.                     Business

 

General

 

Beneficial Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”) is a Maryland corporation that was incorporated in August 2014 to be the successor to Beneficial Mutual Bancorp, Inc. (“Beneficial Mutual Bancorp”) upon completion of the second-step conversion of Beneficial Bank (the “Bank”) from the two-tier mutual holding company structure to the stock holding company structure. Beneficial Savings Bank MHC was the former mutual holding company for Beneficial Mutual Bancorp prior to completion of the second-step conversion. In conjunction with the second-step conversion, Beneficial Savings Bank MHC merged into Beneficial Mutual Bancorp (and ceased to exist), and Beneficial Mutual Bancorp merged into the Company, with the Company as the surviving entity. The second-step conversion was completed on January 12, 2015, at which time the Company sold, for gross proceeds of $503.8 million, a total of 50,383,817 shares of common stock at $10.00 per share, including 2,015,352 shares purchased by the Bank’s employee savings and stock ownership plan. As part of the second-step conversion, each of the existing 29,394,417 outstanding shares of Beneficial Mutual Bancorp common stock owned by persons other than Beneficial Savings Bank MHC was converted into 1.0999 of a share of Company common stock. Upon the completion of the second-step conversion, the Bank changed its legal name from Beneficial Mutual Savings Bank to Beneficial Bank.

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the Bank, a Pennsylvania chartered savings bank, and the Bank’s subsidiaries. The Company owns 100% of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Bank. The Bank offers a variety of consumer and commercial banking services to individuals, businesses, and nonprofit organizations through 61 offices throughout the Philadelphia and Southern New Jersey area. The Bank is supervised and regulated by the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”). The Company is regulated by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The deposits of the Bank are insured up to the applicable legal limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund of the FDIC.

 

Beneficial Bancorp’s business activities are the ownership of Beneficial Bank’s capital stock. Beneficial Bancorp does not own or lease any property but instead uses the premises, equipment and other property of Beneficial Bank with the payment of appropriate rental fees, as required by applicable law and regulations, under the terms of an expense allocation agreement. Accordingly, the information set forth in this Annual Report, including the consolidated financial statements and related financial data, relates primarily to Beneficial Bank.

 

Beneficial Bank was founded in 1853. Since we were founded, we have served the financial needs of our depositors and the local community as a community-minded, customer service-focused institution. We offer traditional financial services to consumers and businesses in our market areas. We attract deposits from the general public and use those funds to originate a variety of loans, including commercial real estate loans, commercial business loans, equipment financing and leasing, one- to four-family real estate loans, consumer loans, home equity loans and construction loans.

 

Pending Merger with WSFS Financial Corporation

 

On August 8, 2018, WSFS Financial Corporation (“WSFS”) and the Company issued a joint press release announcing that WSFS and the Company have entered into an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization (the “Merger Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company will merge with and into WSFS, with WSFS as the surviving entity (the “Merger”).  Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, which has been approved by the boards of directors and stockholders of both companies, stockholders of Beneficial will receive 0.3013 shares of WSFS common stock and $2.93 in cash for each share of Beneficial common stock.  The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions and is expected to close during the first quarter of 2019.

 

Acquisition History

 

In 2007, in connection with the closing of our initial public offering, Beneficial Mutual Bancorp acquired FMS Financial Corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary, Farmers & Mechanics Bank. The acquisition of FMS Financial Corporation and Farmers & Mechanics Bank, which had 31 branch offices in Burlington, Camden and Gloucester Counties in New Jersey, substantially enhanced our market share and solidified Beneficial Bank’s position as the largest Philadelphia-based bank operating solely in the greater Philadelphia metropolitan area. In 2012, Beneficial Mutual Bancorp acquired SE Financial Corp. and its wholly owned subsidiary, St. Edmond’s Federal Savings Bank. The acquisition increased our market share in southeastern Pennsylvania, specifically in Philadelphia and Delaware Counties. Additionally, the acquisition provided Beneficial Bank with new branches in Roxborough, Pennsylvania and Deptford, New Jersey.

 

On April 14, 2016, the Company completed the acquisition of Conestoga Bank.  Pursuant to the terms of the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated October 21, 2015, between the Company, Conestoga Bancorp, Inc. (“Conestoga”) and Conestoga Bank, the Company acquired Conestoga’s ownership interest in Conestoga Bank for a cash payment of $105.0 million and subsequently merged Conestoga Bank with and into Beneficial Bank. The results of Conestoga Bank’s operations are included in the Company’s unaudited condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the period beginning on April 15, 2016, the date of the acquisition, through December 31, 2018.  The acquisition of Conestoga Bank increased the Company’s market share in southeastern Pennsylvania and provided Beneficial Bank with new branches in Blue Bell, Chester Springs, Feasterville, Media, Wayne and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

 

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In 2017, the Company formed Neumann Finance Company (“Neumann”), a majority owned subsidiary equipment leasing company, named after the Bank’s pioneering founder, Saint John Neumann. Neumann is focused on providing financing products and services to businesses nationwide and targets various equipment categories including technology, software, office, medical and other areas.

 

Market Area

 

We are headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. We currently operate 38 full-service banking offices in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery and Philadelphia Counties, Pennsylvania and 23 full-service banking offices in Burlington, Gloucester, and Camden Counties, New Jersey. We operate two lending offices in Montgomery and Delaware Counties, Pennsylvania.  We also operate one leasing office in Chester County, Pennsylvania. We regularly evaluate our network of banking offices to optimize the penetration in our market area. We will occasionally open or consolidate banking offices.

 

Philadelphia is the eighth largest metropolitan region in the United States and home to 66 colleges and universities. Traditionally, the economy of the Philadelphia metropolitan area was driven by the manufacturing and distribution sectors. However, the region has evolved into a more diverse economy geared toward information and service-based businesses. Currently, the leading employment sectors in the region are (1) educational and health services; (2) transportation, trade and utilities services; (3) professional and business services; and (4) due to the region’s numerous historic attractions, leisure and hospitality services. The region’s leading employers include Jefferson Health System, the University of Pennsylvania Health System, Merck & Company, Inc. and Comcast Corporation. The Philadelphia metropolitan area has also evolved into one of the major corporate centers in the United States due to its geographic location, access to transportation, significant number of educational facilities to supply technical talent and available land for corporate and industrial development. The Philadelphia metropolitan area is currently home to 14 Fortune 500 companies, including AmerisourceBergen, Comcast, PPL, DuPont, Aramark and Lincoln National.

 

According to a 2017 census estimate, the population of our eight-county primary retail market area totaled approximately 5.4 million. Overall, the eight counties that comprise our primary retail market area provide attractive long-term growth potential by demonstrating relatively strong household income and wealth growth trends relative to national and state-wide projections. The unemployment rate, seasonally adjusted, for the Philadelphia metropolitan area totaled 4.1% in December 2018, which was higher than the national unemployment rate of 3.9% in December 2018.

 

Competition

 

We face significant competition for the attraction of deposits and origination of loans. Our most direct competition for deposits has historically come from the many banks, thrift institutions and credit unions operating in our market area and, to a lesser extent, from other financial service companies such as brokerage firms and insurance companies. We also face competition for investors’ funds from money market funds, mutual funds and other corporate and government securities.

 

Our competition for loans comes primarily from the competitors referenced above and other regional and local community banks, thrifts and credit unions and from other financial service providers, such as mortgage companies and mortgage brokers. Competition for loans also comes from the increasing number of non-depository financial service companies participating in the mortgage market, such as insurance companies, securities companies and specialty finance companies. We have also seen an increasing number of FINTECH companies that are focused on consumer and small business lending that are not subject to the same regulatory oversight as banks.  These companies have introduced a number of technology solutions threatening to disrupt traditional lending channels.

 

We expect competition to remain intense in the future as a result of legislative, regulatory and technological changes and the continuing trend of consolidation in the financial services industry. Technological advances, for example, have lowered barriers to entry, allowed banks to expand their geographic reach by providing services over the internet and made it possible for non-depository institutions to offer products and services that traditionally have been provided by banks. Competition for deposits and the origination of loans could limit our growth in the future.

 

Lending Activities

 

We offer a variety of loans and leases including commercial, residential and consumer loan products. Our commercial loan and lease portfolio includes business loans, small business leases, commercial real estate loans and commercial construction loans. Our residential loan portfolio includes one- to four-family residential real estate loans. Our consumer loan portfolio primarily includes home equity loans and lines of credit, automobile loans, personal, and educational loans.

 

We intend to continue to emphasize commercial and small business lending and remain focused on commercial real estate lending. We will continue to proactively monitor and manage existing credit relationships. We continue to invest in our credit risk management and lending staff and processes to position Beneficial Bank for future growth. Specifically, we have hired additional lenders with significant experience in our market area to expand our commercial real estate and commercial and industrial lending efforts.

 

Commercial Real Estate Loans. At December 31, 2018, commercial real estate loans totaled $1.54 billion, or 39.6% of our total loan and lease portfolio. This portfolio is comprised of loans for the acquisition (purchase), financing and/or refinancing of commercial real estate and the financing of income-producing real estate. Income-producing real estate includes real estate held for lease to third parties and nonresidential real estate. These loans are generally non-owner-occupied properties in which 50% or more of the primary source of repayment is derived from rental income from unaffiliated third parties. The commercial real estate portfolio includes loans to finance

 

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office buildings, apartment buildings, shopping centers, hotels, motels, dormitories, nursing homes, assisted-living facilities, mini-storage warehouse facilities and similar non-owner-occupied properties.

 

We offer both fixed and adjustable rate commercial real estate loans. We originate a variety of commercial real estate loans generally for terms of up to 10 years and with payments generally based on an amortization schedule of up to 25 years. Our fixed rate loans are typically based on either the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh’s borrowing rate or U.S. Treasury rate and generally most are fixed with a rate reset after a five-year period.

 

When making commercial real estate loans, we consider the financial statements and tax returns of the borrower, the borrower’s payment history of its debt, the debt service capabilities of the borrower, the projected cash flows of the real estate, leases for any of the tenants located at the collateral property and the value of the collateral.

 

As of December 31, 2018, our largest commercial real estate loan was a $67.2 million loan for an upscale hotel in Avalon, New Jersey. The loan is well collateralized and was performing in accordance with its original terms at December 31, 2018.

 

Commercial Business Loans. At December 31, 2018, commercial business loans totaled $615.2 million, or 15.8% of our total loan and lease portfolio.

 

This portfolio is comprised of loans to individuals, sole proprietorships, partnerships, corporations, and other business enterprises, whether secured or unsecured, single-payment or installment, for commercial, industrial and professional purposes as well as owner-occupied real estate loans. Owner-occupied real estate loans are loans where the primary source of repayment is the cash flow generated by the occupying business. Proceeds from these loans may finance the acquisition or construction of business premises or may be used for other business purposes such as working capital. In many cases, the owner of the occupying business owns the building in a separate entity and leases it to the business. In an owner-occupied property, more than 50% of the primary source of repayment is derived from the affiliated entity. Properties such as hospitals, golf courses, recreational facilities, and car washes are considered owner-occupied unless leased to an unaffiliated party.

 

We offer lines of credit, intermediate term loans and long-term loans primarily to assist businesses in achieving their growth objectives and/or working or long-term capital needs. The interest rates for these loans are typically based on LIBOR, bank prime, U.S. Treasury or Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh borrowing rate. These loans are usually secured by business assets, including but not limited to, accounts receivable, inventory, equipment and real estate. Many of these loans include the personal guarantees of the owners or business owners.

 

When making commercial business loans, we review financial information of the borrowers and guarantors. We apply a due diligence process that includes a review of the borrowers’ and/or guarantors’ payment history, an understanding of the business and its industry, an assessment of the management capabilities, an analysis of the financial capacity, financial condition and cash flows of the borrower, an assessment of the collateral and when applicable a review of the guarantors’ financial capacity and condition.

 

Commercial business loans include shared national credits, which are participations in loans or loan commitments of at least $20.0 million that are shared by three or more banks. Effective January 1, 2018, the federal banking agencies have changed the aggregate loan commitment threshold for inclusion in the shared national credit program from $20 million to $100 million.  Included in our shared national credit portfolio are purchased participations and assignments in leveraged lending transactions. Leveraged lending transactions are generally used to support a merger- or acquisition-related transaction, to back a recapitalization of a company’s balance sheet or to refinance debt. When considering a participation in the leveraged lending market, we will participate only in first lien senior secured term loans that are highly rated (investment grade) by the rating agencies and that trade in active secondary markets. Even though we intend to hold these loans in our portfolio, we actively monitor the secondary market for these types of loans to ensure that we maintain flexibility to sell such loans in the event of deteriorating credit quality. To further minimize risk, based on our current capital levels and loan portfolio, we have limited the total amount of leveraged loans to $150.0 million with no single obligor exceeding $15.0 million while maintaining single industry concentrations below 30%. We may reevaluate these limits in future periods.

 

Shared national credit loans are typically variable rate with terms ranging from one to seven years. At December 31, 2018, shared national credits totaled $139.5 million, which included $83.4 million of leveraged lending transactions. All of these loans were classified as pass rated as of December 31, 2018 as all payments are current and the loans are performing in accordance with their contractual terms.

 

At December 31, 2018, our largest commercial business loan was a $19.8 million term loan to a telecommunications provider located in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania. The loan was performing in accordance with its original terms at December 31, 2018.

 

Commercial Small Business Leases. At December 31, 2018, commercial small business leases totaled $139.9 million, or 3.6% of our total loan and lease portfolio.

 

This portfolio is comprised of small business finance leases. Primary production has been focused on equipment for medical and veterinary businesses with smaller ticket leases with shorter terms.  The average small business lease amount and lease term was $21 thousand and 4.7 years as of December 31, 2018.

 

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When making commercial small business leases, we review financial information of the borrowers and guarantors. We apply a due diligence process that includes a review of the borrowers’ and/or guarantors’ payment history, an understanding of the business and its industry, an assessment of the management capabilities, an analysis of the financial capacity, financial condition and cash flows of the borrower, an assessment of the collateral and when applicable a review of the guarantors’ financial capacity and condition.

 

Construction Loans. At December 31, 2018, commercial construction loans totaled $188.5 million, or 4.8% of our total loan and lease portfolio.

 

We offer commercial and residential construction loans to commercial real estate and residential construction developers in our market area. We offer loans secured by real estate, with original maturities of 60 months or less, made to finance land development costs incurred before erecting new structures (i.e., the process of improving land including laying sewers, water pipes, etc.) or the on-site construction of industrial, commercial, residential, or farm buildings. Commercial construction loans include loans secured by real estate which are used to acquire and improve developed and undeveloped property as well as used to alter or demolish existing structures to allow for new development.

 

We generally limit the number of model homes and homes built on speculation, and scheduled draws against executed agreements of sales as conditions of the commercial construction loans.

 

Commercial real estate and residential construction loans are typically based upon the prime rate as published in The Wall Street Journal and/or LIBOR. Commercial real estate loans for developed real estate and for real estate acquisition and development are originated generally with loan-to-value ratios up to 75%, while loans for the acquisition of land are originated with a maximum loan to value ratio of 65%.

 

When making commercial and residential construction loans, we consider the financial statements of the borrower, the borrower’s payment history, the projected cash flows from the proposed real estate collateral, and the value of the collateral. In general, our real estate construction loans are guaranteed by the borrowers. We consider the financial statements and tax returns of the guarantors, along with the guarantors’ payment history, when underwriting a commercial construction loan.

 

At December 31, 2018, our largest commercial construction loan was a $22.4 million participation loan for the construction of a luxury apartment complex located in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania. The loan is well collateralized and was performing in accordance with its original terms at December 31, 2018.

 

One- to Four-Family Residential Loans. At December 31, 2018, one- to four-family residential loans totaled $968.9 million, or 24.9% of our total loan and lease portfolio.

 

We offer fixed-rate and adjustable-rate residential mortgage loans. We offer fixed-rate mortgage loans with terms of up to 30 years. Approximately 95.4% of our outstanding residential mortgage loans were fixed rate loans at December 31, 2018. We also offer adjustable-rate mortgage loans with interest rates and payments that adjust annually after an initial fixed period of one, three or five years. Interest rates and payments on our adjustable-rate loans generally are adjusted to a rate equal to a percentage above the U.S. Treasury Security Index or LIBOR. Our adjustable-rate single-family residential real estate loans generally have a cap of 2% on any increase or decrease in the interest rate at any adjustment date, and a maximum adjustment limit of 5% on any such increase or decrease over the life of the loan. Our adjustable-rate loans require that any payment adjustment resulting from a change in the interest rate be sufficient to result in full amortization of the loan by the end of the loan term and, thus, do not permit any of the increased payment to be added to the principal amount of the loan, creating negative amortization.

 

Borrower demand for adjustable-rate loans compared to fixed-rate loans is a function of the level of interest rates, the expectations of changes in the level of interest rates, and the difference between the interest rates and loan fees offered for fixed-rate mortgage loans as compared to the interest rates and loan fees for adjustable-rate loans. At December 31, 2018, floating or adjustable rate mortgage loans totaled approximately $44.3 million and fixed rate mortgage loans totaled approximately $924.6 million. The loan fees, interest rates and other provisions of mortgage loans are determined by us on the basis of our own pricing criteria and competitive market conditions.

 

While one- to four-family residential real estate loans are normally originated with up to 30-year terms, such loans typically remain outstanding for substantially shorter periods because borrowers often prepay their loans in full either upon sale of the property pledged as security or upon refinancing the original loan. Therefore, average loan maturity is a function of, among other factors, the level of purchase and sale activity in the real estate market, prevailing interest rates and the interest rates payable on outstanding loans. We do not offer loans with negative amortization or interest-only loans.

 

It is our general policy not to make high loan-to-value loans (defined as loans with a loan-to-value ratio of 80% or more) without private mortgage insurance. However, we do offer loans with loan-to-value ratios of up to 100% under a special low-income loan program, which consisted of $15.6 million in loans as of December 31, 2018. The maximum loan-to-value ratio we generally permit is 95% with private mortgage insurance, although occasionally we do originate loans with loan-to-value ratios as high as 97% under special loan programs, including our first-time home owner loan program.  The balance of one- to four-family residential loans with an original loan-to-value equal to 97% or more was $8.0 million as of December 31, 2018.  We require all properties securing mortgage loans to be appraised by an independent appraiser approved by our board of directors. We require title insurance on all first mortgage loans. Borrowers must obtain hazard insurance, and flood insurance is required for loans on properties located in a flood zone.

 

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Home Equity Loans and Equity Lines of Credit. At December 31, 2018, home equity loans and equity lines of credit totaled $201.5 million, or 5.2% of our total loan and lease portfolio.

 

We offer consumer home equity loans and equity lines of credit that are secured by one- to four-family residential real estate, where Beneficial Bank may be in a first or second lien position. We generally offer home equity loans and lines of credit with a maximum combined loan-to-value ratio of 80%. We require flood insurance on all home equity loans and equity lines of credit.  Home equity loans have fixed-rates of interest and are originated with terms of generally up to 15 years with some exceptions up to 20 years. Home equity lines of credit have adjustable rates and are based upon the prime rate as published in The Wall Street Journal. Home equity lines of credit can have repayment schedules of both principal and interest or interest only paid monthly. We hold a first mortgage position on approximately 60.0% of the homes that secured our home equity loans and lines of credit at December 31, 2018.

 

The procedures for underwriting consumer home equity and equity lines of credit include an assessment of the applicant’s payment history on other debts and ability to meet existing obligations and payments on the proposed loan. Although the applicant’s creditworthiness is a primary consideration, the underwriting process also includes a comparison of the value of the collateral to the proposed loan amount.

 

Consumer Personal Loans. At December 31, 2018, consumer personal loans totaled $13.5 million, or 0.3% of our total loan and lease portfolio.

 

We offer a variety of consumer personal loans, including loans for recreational vehicles, unsecured personal loans and lines of credit. Our consumer loans secured by passbook accounts and certificates of deposit held at Beneficial Bank are based upon the prime rate as published in The Wall Street Journal with terms up to four years. We will offer such loans up to 100% of the principal balance of the certificate of deposit or balance in the passbook account. We also offer unsecured loans and lines of credit with terms up to five years. Our unsecured loans and lines of credit bear a substantially higher interest rate than our secured loans and lines of credit. For more information on our loan commitments, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Liquidity Risk.”

 

Consumer Education Loans. At December 31, 2018, consumer education loans totaled $131.0 million, or 3.4% of our total loan and lease portfolio. Our consumer education loans are unsecured but are generally 98% government guaranteed. These loans are serviced by the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency and Navient (formerly Sallie Mae). Our consumer education loan portfolio was previously purchased. We do not except to purchase or originate more of these types of loans. Thus, we expect this portfolio to decrease as these loans continue to be paid down.

 

Automobile Loans. At December 31, 2018, automobile loans that we originated totaled $94.5 million, or 2.4% of our total loan and lease portfolio. These loans are secured by new and used automobiles. The majority of the loans in this portfolio are indirect automobile loans. These loans have fixed interest rates and generally have terms up to 84 months. These loans have loan-to-value ratios of up to 120% of the purchase price of the vehicle depending upon the credit history of the borrower and other factors. During 2017, we discontinued offering indirect auto loans as other lending channels provided higher levels of profitability and returns on capital.

 

Credit Risks.

 

Commercial Real Estate Loans. Loans secured by commercial real estate generally have larger balances and involve a greater degree of risk than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans. Of primary concern in commercial real estate lending is the borrower’s creditworthiness and the feasibility and cash flow potential of the property that secures the loan. Additional considerations include: location, market and geographic concentrations, loan to value ratio, strength of guarantors and quality of tenants. Payments on loans secured by income properties often depend on successful operation and management of the properties. As a result, repayment of such loans may be subject to a greater extent than residential real estate loans to adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy. To monitor cash flows on income properties, we require borrowers and loan guarantors, if any, to provide annual financial statements on commercial real estate loans and rent rolls where applicable. In reaching a decision on whether to make a commercial real estate loan, we consider and review a global cash flow analysis of the borrower, when applicable, and consider the net operating income of the property, the borrower’s expertise, credit history and profitability and the value of the underlying property. We have generally required that the properties securing these real estate loans have debt service coverage ratios (the ratio of earnings before debt service to debt service) of at least 1.2x and a loan to value no greater than 75%. An environmental report is obtained when the possibility exists that hazardous materials may have existed on the site, or the site may have been impacted by adjoining properties that handled hazardous materials.

 

Commercial Business Loans. Unlike commercial real estate loans, which generally are made on the basis of the cash flow of the property that secures the loan, and are secured by real property, the value of which tends to be more easily ascertainable, commercial business loans are of higher risk and typically are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrower’s business. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial business loans may depend substantially on the success of the business itself. Further, any collateral securing such loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value. Our commercial business loans also include owner-occupied commercial real estate where the cash flow supporting the loan is derived from the owners underlying business.

 

Commercial Small Business Leases. Commercial small business leases are of higher risk and typically are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrower’s business. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial small business leases may depend substantially on the success of the business itself. Further, any collateral securing such leases may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value.  However, these leases tend to be significantly smaller than commercial real estate and commercial business loans with shorter average terms.

 

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Construction Loans. Loans made to facilitate construction are primarily short-term loans used to finance the construction of an owner-occupied residence or income producing assets. Generally, upon stabilization or upon completion and issuance of a certificate of occupancy, these loans convert to permanent loans with long-term amortization. Payments during construction consist of an interest-only period funded generally by borrower equity. As these loans represent higher risk, each project is monitored for progress throughout the life of the loan, and loan funding occurs through borrower draw requests. These requests are compared to agreed-upon project milestones and progress is verified by independent inspectors engaged by us.

 

Construction financing is generally considered to involve a higher degree of risk of loss than long-term financing on improved, occupied real estate. Risk of loss on a construction loan is dependent largely upon the accuracy of the initial estimate of the property’s value at completion of construction or development and the estimated cost (including interest) of construction. During the construction phase, a number of factors could result in delays and cost overruns. If the estimate of construction costs proves to be inaccurate, we may be required to advance funds beyond the amount originally committed to permit completion of the dwelling. If the estimate of value proves to be inaccurate, we may be confronted, at or before the maturity of the loan, with a project having a value which is insufficient to assure full repayment.

 

Residential Real Estate Loans. Loans made for the purchase of one- to four- family residential loans generally are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from his or her employment or other income and are secured by real property with ascertainable fair values.  Because these loans tend to carry a fixed interest rate and have terms as long as 30 years, the Company can be adversely impacted if interest rates increase.  While we anticipate that adjustable-rate loans will better offset the adverse effects of an increase in interest rates as compared to fixed-rate mortgages, the increased mortgage payments required of adjustable-rate loan borrowers in a rising interest rate environment could cause an increase in delinquencies and defaults. The marketability of the underlying property also may be adversely affected in a high interest rate environment. Although adjustable-rate mortgage loans help make our asset base more responsive to changes in interest rates, the extent of this interest sensitivity is limited by the annual and lifetime interest rate adjustment limits on such loans.

 

Consumer Home Equity and Equity Lines of Credit. Consumer home equity loans and equity lines of credit are loans secured by one- to four-family residential real estate, where we may be in a first or second lien position. In each instance, the value of the property is determined and the loan is made against identified equity in the market value of the property. When a residential mortgage is not present on the property, a first lien position is secured against the property. In cases where a mortgage is present on the property, a second lien position is established, subordinated to the mortgage. As these subordinated liens represent higher risk, loan collection becomes more influenced by various factors, including job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount that can be recovered on such loans.

 

Consumer and Automobile Loans. Unlike consumer home equity loans, these loans are either unsecured or secured by rapidly depreciating assets such as boats or motor homes. In such cases, repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment for the outstanding loan and a small remaining deficiency often does not warrant further substantial collection efforts against the borrower. Consumer loan collections depend on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and, therefore, are likely to be adversely affected by various factors, including job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount that can be recovered on such loans.

 

Automobile loans may entail greater risk than residential mortgage loans, as they are secured by assets that depreciate rapidly. Repossessed collateral for a defaulted automobile loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment for the outstanding loan and a small remaining deficiency often does not warrant further substantial collection efforts against the borrower. Automobile loan collections depend on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and therefore are likely to be adversely affected by various factors, including job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount that can be recovered on such loans.

 

Consumer Education Loans. These consumer loans are unsecured but generally 98% government guaranteed. Consumer education loan collections depend on the efforts of the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency and Navient (formerly Sallie Mae) and are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability. Therefore, these loans are likely to be adversely affected by various factors including job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. As a result of the government guarantee, we will ultimately be unaffected materially by delinquencies in the portfolio.

 

Loan Originations and Purchases. Loan originations come from a number of sources. The primary sources of loan originations are existing customers, advertising and referrals from customers and other business contacts, including attorneys, accountants and other professionals, and walk-in traffic.

 

We also purchase loans and enter into loan participations with other financial institutions to supplement our lending portfolio. There were no purchases of participations in loan portfolios originated by other financial institutions during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2018.  Loan participations totaled $563.0 million at December 31, 2018 and are primarily comprised of commercial real estate and commercial and industrial loans. A portion of our participation loans are shared national credits, which are participations in loans or loan commitments of at least $20.0 million that are shared by three or more banks. Effective January 1, 2018, the federal banking agencies have changed the aggregate loan commitment threshold for inclusion in the shared national credit program from $20 million to $100 million.  As of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the balance of Beneficial Bank’s outstanding purchased shared national credits was $139.5 million and $199.5 million, respectively. See “—Lending Activities—Commercial Business Loans.” Loan participations

 

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are subject to the same credit analysis and loan approvals as loans we originate. We are permitted to review all of the documentation relating to any loan in which we participate. However, for participation loans, we do not service the loan and, thus, are subject to the policies and practices of the lead lender with regard to monitoring delinquencies, pursuing collections and instituting foreclosure proceedings.

 

Loan Approval Procedures and Authority Our lending activities follow written, non-discriminatory, underwriting standards and loan origination procedures established by management and approved by the board of directors. Beneficial Bank’s board of trustees has granted loan approval authority to certain officers or groups of officers up to prescribed limits, based on an officer’s experience and tenure. Generally, all commercial loans greater than $10.0 million must be approved by the Senior Loan Committee, which is comprised of personnel from the Credit, Finance and Lending departments. Generally, all commercial loans greater than $50.0 million must be approved by the director loan committee of the Bank’s board of trustees, which is comprised of five non-employee trustees. In addition, leveraged lending transactions must be approved by the Senior Loan Committee and the director loan committee of the Bank’s board of trustees.

 

Loans to One Borrower. The maximum amount that we may lend to one borrower and the borrower’s related entities is limited, by regulation, to generally 15% of our stated capital and reserves. At December 31, 2018, our regulatory limit on loans to one borrower was $143.3 million. Beneficial Bank’s internal lending limits are lower than the levels permitted by regulation and at December 31, 2018, the total exposure with our largest lending relationship was $78.6 million, which is the total of the amount outstanding and committed for a group of three commercial real estate loans and one commercial construction loan. These loans were performing in accordance with their original terms at December 31, 2018.

 

Loan Commitments. We issue commitments for fixed and adjustable-rate mortgage loans conditioned upon the occurrence of certain events. Commitments to originate mortgage loans are legally binding agreements to lend to our customers. Generally, our loan commitments expire after 60 days.

 

Delinquent Loans and Leases. We identify loans and leases that may need to be charged-off as a loss by reviewing all delinquent loans and leases, classified loans and other loans that management may have concerns about collectability. For individually reviewed loans, the borrower’s inability to make payments under the terms of the loan as well as a shortfall in collateral value may result in a write down to management’s estimate of net realizable value. The collateral or cash flow shortfall on all secured loans is charged-off when the loan becomes 90 days delinquent or in the case of unsecured loans the entire balance is charged-off when the loan becomes 90 days delinquent. For more information on how Beneficial Bank addresses credit risk, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Risk Management.”

 

Deposit Activities and Other Sources of Funds

 

General. Deposits, borrowings and loan and investment repayments are the major sources of our funds for lending and other investment purposes. Scheduled loan and investment repayments are a relatively stable source of funds, while deposit inflows and outflows and loan prepayments are significantly influenced by general interest rates and market conditions.

 

Deposit Accounts. Deposits are primarily attracted from within our market area through the offering of a broad selection of deposit instruments, including non-interest-bearing demand deposits (such as individual checking accounts), interest-bearing demand accounts (such as NOW, municipal and money market accounts), savings accounts and certificates of deposit.

 

Our three primary categories of deposit customers consist of retail or individual customers, businesses and municipalities. Our business banking and municipal deposit products include a commercial checking account and a checking account specifically designed for small businesses. Additionally, we offer cash management, including remote deposit, lockbox service and sweep accounts.

 

Deposit account terms vary according to the minimum balance required, the time periods the funds must remain on deposit and the interest rate, among other factors. In determining the terms of our deposit accounts, we consider the rates offered by our competition, the rates on borrowings, brokered deposits, our liquidity needs, profitability to us, and customer preferences and concerns. We generally review our deposit mix and pricing bi-weekly. Our deposit pricing strategy has generally been to offer competitive rates on all types of deposit products.

 

Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service (CDARS). Our participation in this program enables our customers to invest balances in excess of the FDIC deposit insurance limit into other banks within the CDARS network while maintaining their relationship with us. We work with our customers to obtain the most favorable rates and combine all accounts for convenience onto one statement.

 

Brokered Certificates of Deposit. We will use brokered certificates of deposit to extend the maturity of our deposits and limit interest rate risk in our deposit portfolio. We generally limit our use of brokered certificates of deposit to 10% or less of total deposits. At December 31, 2018, our brokered certificates of deposits totaled $210.2 million and represented approximately 5.0% of total deposits.

 

Borrowings. We have the ability to utilize advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh to supplement our liquidity. As a member, we are required to own capital stock in the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh and are authorized to apply for advances on the security of such stock and certain mortgage loans and other assets, provided certain standards related to creditworthiness have been met. Advances are made under several different programs, each having its own interest rate and range of maturities. We also have the ability to utilize overnight repurchase agreements and securities sold under agreements to repurchase, along with the Federal Reserve

 

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Bank’s discount window and Federal Funds lines with correspondent banks to supplement our supply of investable funds and to meet deposit withdrawal requirements. To secure our borrowings, we generally pledge securities and/or loans. The types of securities pledged for borrowings include, but are not limited to, government-sponsored enterprises (“GSE”) notes and government agency mortgage-backed securities. The types of loans pledged for borrowings include, but are not limited to, one- to four-family real estate mortgage loans. At December 31, 2018, we had combined maximum borrowing capacity from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh and the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia of $2.2 billion.

 

Personnel

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had 720 full-time employees and 15 part-time employees, none of whom is represented by a collective bargaining unit. We believe our relationship with our employees is good.

 

Subsidiaries

 

Beneficial Advisors, LLC, which is wholly owned by Beneficial Bank, is a Pennsylvania limited liability company formed in 2000 to offer wealth management services and investment and insurance related products, including, but not limited to, fixed- and variable-rate annuities and the sale of mutual funds and securities through a third-party broker dealer. We decided to cease the operations of Beneficial Advisors, LLC effective the first quarter of 2018.  This entity is currently inactive.

 

Neumann Corporation, which was formed in 1990, is a Delaware investment holding company that holds title to various securities and other investments. Neumann Corporation is 100% owned by Beneficial Bank. At December 31, 2018, Neumann Corporation held $567.7 million in assets.

 

Neumann Finance Company, which was formed in 2017 to originate small business leases, is a New Jersey corporation. Neumann Finance Company is majority owned (83%) by Beneficial Bank.  The Bank concluded that the entity meets the definition of a variable interest entity and that the Bank is the primary beneficiary of the variable interest entity. Accordingly, the investment has been consolidated into the Company’s financial statements as of December 31, 2018.  Non-controlling interest at December 31, 2018 was comprised of capital and undistributed losses of the shareholders of Neumann Finance Company, other than the Bank. Non-controlling interest on our consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2018 totaled $158 thousand.  At December 31, 2018, Neumann Finance Company held $13.0 million in assets.

 

Beneficial Equipment Finance Corporation, formerly BSB Union Corporation, was formed in 1994 to own and lease automobiles. In 2012, BSB Union Corporation obtained approval to engage in equipment leasing activities. Following the acquisition of Conestoga Bank in April 2016, the leasing operations of Beneficial Equipment Finance Corporation became an active subsidiary which originates small business leases primarily medical and veterinarian equipment.

 

PA Real Property GP, LLC, which is wholly owned by Beneficial Bank, is a special purpose entity formed in 2009 to manage and hold other real estate owned (“OREO”) properties in Pennsylvania until disposition.

 

NJ Real Property GP, LLC, which is wholly owned by Beneficial Bank, is a special purpose entity formed in 2010 to manage and hold OREO properties in New Jersey until disposition.

 

DE Real Property Holding, Inc., which is wholly owned by Beneficial Bank, is a special purpose entity formed in 2011 to manage and hold OREO properties in Delaware until disposition.

 

REGULATION AND SUPERVISION

 

General

 

The Bank is a Pennsylvania-chartered savings bank that is subject to extensive regulation, examination and supervision by the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities (“Department”), as its primary regulator, and the FDIC, as its deposit insurer. The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank system and, with respect to deposit insurance, of the Deposit Insurance Fund managed by the FDIC. The Bank must file reports with the Department and the FDIC concerning its activities and financial condition, in addition to obtaining regulatory approvals before entering into certain transactions such as mergers with, or acquisitions of, other savings institutions. The Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities and/or the FDIC conduct periodic examinations to test the Bank’s safety and soundness and compliance with various regulatory requirements. This regulatory structure gives the regulatory authorities extensive discretion in connection with their supervisory and enforcement activities and examination policies, including policies with respect to the classification of assets and the establishment of adequate loan loss reserves for regulatory purposes. Any change in the regulatory requirements and policies, whether by the Department, the FDIC, the Federal Reserve Board or Congress, could have a material adverse impact on the Bank and its operations.

 

Effective as of December 23, 2016, the Company elected to become a financial holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended.  As a financial holding company, the Company may engage in a broader array of financial activities than previously permitted, such as insurance underwriting and investment banking, and is subject to regulation, examination and supervision by the

 

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Federal Reserve Board.  Prior to December 23, 2016, the Company was a bank holding company that was subject to regulation, examination and supervision by the Federal Reserve Board.

 

Certain of the regulatory requirements that are applicable to the Bank and the Company are described below. This description of statutes and regulations is not intended to be a complete explanation of such statutes and regulations and their effects on the Bank and the Company.

 

Bank Regulation

 

Pennsylvania Savings Bank Law. The Pennsylvania Banking Code of 1965, as amended, contains detailed provisions governing the organization, location of offices, rights and responsibilities of directors, officers and employees, as well as corporate powers, savings and investment operations and other aspects of the Bank and its affairs. The Pennsylvania Banking Code delegates extensive rule-making power and administrative discretion to the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities so that the supervision and regulation of state-chartered savings banks may be flexible and readily responsive to changes in economic conditions and in savings and lending practices. Specifically, under the Pennsylvania Banking Code, the Department is given the authority to exercise such supervision over state-chartered savings banks as to afford the greatest safety to creditors, shareholders and depositors, ensure business safety and soundness, conserve assets, protect the public interest and maintain public confidence in such institutions.

 

The Pennsylvania Banking Code provides, among other powers, that state-chartered savings banks may engage in any activity permissible for a national banking association or federal savings association, subject to regulation by the Department (which shall not be more restrictive than the regulation imposed upon a national banking association or federal savings association, respectively). Before it engages in an activity allowable for a national banking association or federal savings association, a state-chartered savings bank must either obtain prior approval from the Department or provide at least 30 days’ prior written notice to the Department. The authority of the Bank under Pennsylvania law, however, may be constrained by federal law and regulation. See “Investments and Activities” below.

 

Capital Requirements.   Under FDIC regulations, federally insured state-chartered banks that are not members of the Federal Reserve System (“state non-member banks”), such as the Bank, are required to comply with minimum leverage capital requirements.   In early July 2013, the FDIC approved revisions to its capital adequacy guidelines and prompt corrective action rules that implement the revised standards of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, commonly called Basel III, and address relevant provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. “Basel III” refers to two consultative documents released by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in December 2009, the rules text released in December 2010, and loss absorbency rules issued in January 2011, which include significant changes to bank capital, leverage and liquidity requirements.

 

The rules include new risk-based capital and leverage ratios, which became effective January 1, 2015, and revised the definition of what constitutes “capital” for purposes of calculating those ratios. The new minimum capital level requirements applicable to Beneficial Bank are: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% (increased from 4%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for all institutions.  In addition, the rules assign a higher risk weight (150%) to exposures that are more than 90 days past due or are on nonaccrual status and to certain commercial real estate facilities that finance the acquisition, development or construction of real property. The rules also eliminate the inclusion of certain instruments, such as trust preferred securities, from Tier 1 capital. However, instruments issued prior to May 19, 2010 will be grandfathered for companies with consolidated assets of $15.0 billion or less. In addition, Tier 2 capital is no longer limited to the amount of Tier 1 capital included in total capital. Mortgage servicing rights, certain deferred tax assets and investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries over designated percentages of common stock will be required to be deducted from capital, subject to a two-year transition period. Finally, Tier 1 capital will include accumulated other comprehensive income (which includes all unrealized gains and losses on available for sale debt and equity securities), subject to a two-year transition period.

 

The rules also establish a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5% above the new regulatory minimum capital requirements, which must consist entirely of common equity Tier 1 capital and would result in the following minimum ratios: (i) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%, (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5%, and (iii) a total capital ratio of 10.5%. The new capital conservation buffer requirement started to be phased in beginning in January 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and were increased by that amount each year until fully implemented in January 2019. An institution would be subject to limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary bonuses if its capital level falls below the buffer amount. These limitations establish a maximum percentage of eligible retained income that can be utilized for such actions.

 

The FDIC also has authority to establish individual minimum capital requirements in appropriate cases upon a determination that an institution’s capital level is or may become inadequate in light of particular risks or circumstances.

 

As of December 31, 2018, our current capital levels exceed the required capital amounts to be considered “well capitalized” and we believe they also meet the fully-phased in minimum capital requirements, including the related capital conservation buffers, as required by the Basel III capital rules.

 

Restrictions on Dividends. The Company’s ability to declare and pay dividends may depend in part on dividends received from the Bank. The Pennsylvania Banking Code regulates the distribution of dividends by savings banks and provides that dividends may be declared and paid only out of accumulated net earnings and may be paid in cash or property other than its own shares. Dividends may

 

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not be declared or paid unless shareholders’ equity is at least equal to contributed capital. The Company paid cash dividends on its common stock totaling $0.49 per share during the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Interstate Banking and Branching. Federal law permits a bank, such as the Bank, to acquire an institution by merger in a state other than Pennsylvania unless the other state has opted out of interstate banking and branching. Federal law, as amended by the Dodd-Frank Act, also authorizes de novo branching into another state if the host state allows banks chartered by that state to establish such branches within its borders. The Bank currently has 23 full-service locations in Burlington, Gloucester and Camden counties, New Jersey. At its interstate branches, the Bank may conduct any activity that is authorized under Pennsylvania law that is permissible either for a New Jersey savings bank (subject to applicable federal restrictions) or a New Jersey branch of an out-of-state national bank. The New Jersey Department of Banking and Insurance may exercise certain regulatory authority over the Bank’s New Jersey branches.

 

Prompt Corrective Regulatory Action. Federal law requires, among other things, that federal bank regulatory authorities take “prompt corrective action” with respect to banks that do not meet minimum capital requirements. For these purposes, the law establishes three categories of capital deficient institutions: undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized.

 

Under the current prompt corrective action capital guidelines, an institution is deemed to be “well capitalized” if it has (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.5%; (2) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8%; (3) a total capital ratio of 10%; and (4) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5%. An institution is deemed to be “adequately capitalized” if it has (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%; (2) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6%; (3) a total capital ratio of less than 4.5%; and (4) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4%. An institution is deemed to be “undercapitalized” if it has (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of less than 4.5%; (2) a Tier 1 capital ratio of less than 6%; (3) a total capital ratio of less than 8%; and (4) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of less than 4%.  An institution is deemed to be “significantly undercapitalized” if it has (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of less than 3%; (2) a Tier 1 capital ratio of less than 4%; (3) a total capital ratio of less than 6%; and (4) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of less than 3%.  An institution is considered to be “critically undercapitalized” if it has a ratio of tangible equity (as defined in the regulations) to total assets that is equal to or less than 2%. As of December 31, 2018, the Company and the Bank met the conditions to be classified as a “well capitalized” institution.

 

“Undercapitalized” banks must adhere to growth, capital distribution (including dividend) and other limitations and are required to submit a capital restoration plan. No institution may make a capital distribution, including payment as a dividend, if it would be “undercapitalized” after the payment. A bank’s compliance with such plans is required to be guaranteed by its parent holding company in an amount equal to the lesser of 5% of the institution’s total assets when deemed undercapitalized or the amount needed to comply with regulatory capital requirements. If an “undercapitalized” bank fails to submit an acceptable plan, it is treated as if it is “significantly undercapitalized.” “Significantly undercapitalized” banks must comply with one or more of a number of additional restrictions, including but not limited to an order by the FDIC to sell sufficient voting stock to become adequately capitalized, requirements to reduce assets and cease receipt of deposits from correspondent banks or dismiss directors or officers, and restrictions on interest rates paid on deposits, compensation of executive officers and capital distributions by the parent holding company. “Critically undercapitalized” institutions must comply with additional sanctions including, subject to a narrow exception, the appointment of a receiver or conservator within 270 days after it obtains such status.

 

Investments and Activities. Under federal law, all state-chartered banks insured by the FDIC have generally been limited to activities as principal and equity investments of the type and in the amount authorized for national banks, notwithstanding state law. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act and the FDIC permit exceptions to these limitations. For example, state chartered banks may, with FDIC approval, continue to exercise grandfathered state authority to invest in common or preferred stocks listed on a national securities exchange and in the shares of an investment company registered under federal law. The Bank received grandfathering authority from the FDIC to invest in listed stocks and/or registered shares. The maximum permissible investment is 100% of Tier 1 capital, as specified by the FDIC’s regulations, or the maximum amount permitted by Pennsylvania Banking Law, whichever is less. Such grandfathering authority may be terminated upon the FDIC’s determination that such investments pose a safety and soundness risk to the Bank or if the Bank converts its charter or undergoes a change in control. In addition, the FDIC is authorized to permit such institutions to engage in other state authorized activities or investments (other than non-subsidiary equity investments) that meet all applicable capital requirements if it is determined that such activities or investments do not pose a significant risk to the Deposit Insurance Fund. As of December 31, 2018, the Bank held no marketable equity securities under such grandfathering authority.

 

Transactions with Related Parties. Federal law limits the Bank’s authority to lend to, and engage in certain other transactions with (collectively, “covered transactions”) its “affiliates” (e.g., any company that controls or is under common control with an institution). The aggregate amount of covered transactions with any individual affiliate is limited to 10% of the capital and surplus of the savings institution. Certain transactions with affiliates are required to be secured by collateral in an amount and of a type specified by federal law. The purchase of low quality assets from affiliates is generally prohibited. Transactions with affiliates must generally be on terms and under circumstances, that are at least as favorable to the institution as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with non-affiliates. In addition, savings institutions are prohibited from lending to any affiliate that is engaged in activities that are not permissible for bank or financial holding companies and no savings institution may purchase the securities of any affiliate other than a subsidiary.

 

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 generally prohibits loans by the Bank to its executive officers and directors. However, the law contains a specific exception for loans by the Bank to its executive officers and directors in compliance with federal banking laws. Under such laws, the Bank’s authority to extend credit to executive officers, directors and 10% shareholders (“insiders”), as well as entities such persons control, is limited. The law limits both the individual and aggregate amount of loans the Bank may make to insiders based, in part, on the Bank’s capital position and requires certain board approval procedures to be followed. Such loans are required to be made on terms substantially the same as those offered to unaffiliated individuals and not involve more than the normal risk of repayment. There

 

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is an exception for loans made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program that is widely available to all employees of the institution and does not give preference to insiders over other employees. Loans to executives are subject to further limitations based on the type of loan involved.

 

Enforcement. The FDIC has extensive enforcement authority over insured savings banks, including the Bank. This enforcement authority includes, among other things, the ability to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist orders and to remove directors and officers. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated in response to violations of laws and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices.

 

Standards for Safety and Soundness. As required by statute, the federal banking agencies have adopted Interagency Guidelines prescribing Standards for Safety and Soundness. The guidelines set forth the safety and soundness standards that the federal banking agencies use to identify and address problems at insured depository institutions before capital becomes impaired. If the FDIC determines that a savings institution fails to meet any standard prescribed by the guidelines, the FDIC may require the institution to submit an acceptable plan to achieve compliance with the standard.

 

Insurance of Deposit Accounts. The Bank’s deposits are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund of the FDIC. The deposit insurance per account owner is currently $250,000.

 

Under the FDIC’s risk-based assessment system, insured institutions are assigned to one of four risk categories based on supervisory evaluations, regulatory capital levels and certain other factors, with less risky institutions paying lower assessments. An institution’s assessment rate depends upon the category to which it is assigned. In 2011, the FDIC approved a final rule that implemented changes to the deposit insurance assessment system mandated by the Dodd-Frank Act. Under the final rule, assessment base for payment of FDIC premiums was changed from a deposit level base to an asset level base consisting of average tangible assets less average tangible equity.

 

The FDIC may adjust rates uniformly from one quarter to the next, except that no adjustment can deviate more than three basis points from the base scale without notice and comment rulemaking. No institution may pay a dividend if in default of the FDIC assessment.

 

The FDIC has authority to increase insurance assessments. A significant increase in insurance premiums would likely have an adverse effect on the operating expenses and our results of operations. Management cannot predict what insurance assessment rates will be in the future.

 

On June 30, 2016, the Deposit Insurance Fund’s designated reserve ratio rose to 1.17% from 1.13% on March 31, 2016.  FDIC regulations provided for three changes to deposit insurance assessments the quarter after the designated reserve ratio reaches or surpasses 1.15%.  As a result, effective July 1, 2016, (1) the range of initial assessment rates for all institutions declined based on final rules approve by the FDIC in February 2011 and April 2016; (2) surcharges on insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of $10 billion or more (large banks) began to be assessed by the FDIC; and (3) a revised method to calculate risk-based assessment rates for established small banks became applicable pursuant to a final rule approved by the FDIC in April 2016.  The surcharge on large banks, which equals 4.5 basis points of the institution’s deposit insurance assessment base, was in effect for assessments billed after the designated reserve ratio reaches 1.15% and would continue until it reaches 1.35%.  On September 30, 2018, the deposit insurance fund reserve ratio reached 1.36%.  As a result, Beneficial Bank was awarded an assessment credit for the portion of its assessment that contributed to the growth in the reserve ratio from 1.15% to 1.35%.  This credit will be applied when the reserve ratio is at least 1.38%.

 

Insurance of deposits may be terminated by the FDIC upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC or the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities. The management of the Bank does not know of any practice, condition or violation that might lead to termination of deposit insurance.

 

Federal Home Loan Bank System. The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank system, which consists of 11 regional Federal Home Loan Banks. The Federal Home Loan Bank provides a central credit facility primarily for member institutions. At December 31, 2018, Beneficial Bank had a maximum borrowing capacity from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh of $2.0 billion of which it had $515.0 million in outstanding advances. The balance remaining of $1.5 billion is our unused borrowing capacity with the Federal Home Loan Bank at December 31, 2018. Beneficial Bank, as a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh, is required to acquire and hold shares of capital stock in that Federal Home Loan Bank. Beneficial Bank was in compliance with requirements for the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh with an investment of $23.2 million at December 31, 2018.

 

Community Reinvestment Act. Under the Community Reinvestment Act, as implemented by FDIC regulations, a state non-member bank has a continuing and affirmative obligation consistent with its safe and sound operation to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate-income neighborhoods. The Community Reinvestment Act neither establishes specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor limits an institution’s discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community. The Community Reinvestment Act requires the FDIC, in connection with its examination of an institution, to assess the institution’s record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to consider such record when it evaluates applications made by such institution. The Community Reinvestment Act requires public disclosure of an institution’s Community Reinvestment Act rating. The Bank’s latest Community Reinvestment Act rating received from the FDIC was “outstanding.”

 

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Bank Secrecy Act and Anti-Money Laundering.  Federal laws and regulations impose obligations on U.S. financial institutions, including banks and broker/dealer subsidiaries, to implement and maintain appropriate policies, procedures and controls which are reasonably designed to prevent, detect and report instances of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and to verify the identity of their customers. In addition, these provisions require the federal financial institution regulatory agencies to consider the effectiveness of a financial institution’s anti-money laundering activities when reviewing bank mergers and bank holding company acquisitions. Failure of a financial institution to maintain and implement adequate programs to combat money laundering and terrorist financing could have serious legal and reputational consequences for the institution.

 

Office of Foreign Assets Control Regulation.  The United States has imposed economic sanctions that affect transactions with designated foreign countries, nationals and others. These are typically known as the “OFAC” rules based on their administration by the U.S. Treasury Department Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”). The OFAC-administered sanctions targeting countries take many different forms. Generally, however, they contain one or more of the following elements: (i) restrictions on trade with or investment in a sanctioned country, including prohibitions against direct or indirect imports from and exports to a sanctioned country and prohibitions on “U.S. persons” engaging in financial transactions relating to making investments in, or providing investment-related advice or assistance to, a sanctioned country; and (ii) a blocking of assets in which the government or specially designated nationals of the sanctioned country have an interest, by prohibiting transfers of property subject to U.S. jurisdiction (including property in the possession or control of U.S. persons). Blocked assets (e.g. property and bank deposits) cannot be paid out, withdrawn, set off or transferred in any manner without a license from OFAC. Failure to comply with these sanctions could have serious legal and reputational consequences.

 

Other Regulations. Interest and other charges collected or contracted for by the Bank are subject to state usury laws and federal laws concerning interest rates. The Bank’s operations are also subject to federal laws applicable to credit transactions, such as the:

 

·                  Truth-In-Lending Act, governing disclosures of credit terms to consumer borrowers;

 

·                  Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975, requiring financial institutions to provide information to enable the public and public officials to determine whether a financial institution is fulfilling its obligation to help meet the housing needs of the community it serves;

 

·                  Equal Credit Opportunity Act, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, creed or other prohibited factors in extending credit;

 

·                  Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1978, governing the use and provision of information to credit reporting agencies;

 

·                  Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, governing the manner in which consumer debts may be collected by collection agencies; and

 

·                  Rules and regulations of the various federal agencies charged with the responsibility of implementing such federal laws.

 

The operations of the Bank also are subject to the:

 

·                  Right to Financial Privacy Act, which imposes a duty to maintain confidentiality of consumer financial records and prescribes procedures for complying with administrative subpoenas of financial records;

 

·                  Electronic Funds Transfer Act and Regulation E promulgated thereunder, which establishes the rights, liabilities and responsibilities of consumers who use electronic fund transfer (EFT) services and financial institutions that offer these services; its primary objective is the protection of individual consumers in their dealings with these services;

 

·                  Check Clearing for the 21st Century Act (also known as “Check 21”), which allows banks to create and receive “substitute checks” (paper reproduction of the original check), and discloses the customers rights regarding “substitute checks” pertaining to these items having the “same legal standing as the original paper check”;

 

·                  Title III of The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (referred to as the “USA PATRIOT Act”), and related regulations that require savings associations operating in the United States to develop new anti-money laundering compliance programs (including a customer identification program that must be incorporated into the anti-money laundering compliance program), due diligence policies and controls to ensure the detection and reporting of money laundering;

 

·                  The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, which prohibits a financial institution from disclosing non-public personal information about a consumer to non-affiliated third parties, unless the institution satisfies various notice and opt-out requirements;

 

·                  The Fair and Accurate Reporting Act of 2003, as an amendment to the Fair Credit Reporting Act, as noted previously, which includes provisions to help reduce identity theft by providing procedures for the identification, detection, and response to patterns, practices, or specific activities—known as “red flags”; and

 

·                  Truth in Savings Act, which establishes the requirement for clear and uniform disclosure of terms and conditions regarding interest and fees to help promote economic stability, competition between depository institutions, and allow the consumer to

 

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make informed decisions.

 

Holding Company Regulation

 

General.  As a financial holding company, the Company is subject to examination, regulation and periodic reporting under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended, as administered by the Federal Reserve Board. As a result, prior Federal Reserve Board approval would be required for the Company to acquire direct or indirect ownership or control of any voting securities of any bank or bank or financial holding company if, after such acquisition, it would, directly or indirectly, own or control more than 5% of any class of voting shares of the bank or bank holding company. In addition to the approval of the Federal Reserve Board, before any bank acquisition can be completed, prior approval may also be required to be obtained from other agencies having supervisory jurisdiction over the bank to be acquired.

 

A bank or financial holding company is generally prohibited from engaging in, or acquiring, direct or indirect control of more than 5% of the voting securities of any company engaged in non-banking activities. One of the principal exceptions to this prohibition is for activities found by the Federal Reserve Board to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. Some of the principal activities that the Federal Reserve Board has determined by regulation to be so closely related to banking are: (1) making or servicing loans; (2) performing certain data processing services; (3) providing discount brokerage services; (4) acting as fiduciary, investment or financial advisor; (5) leasing personal or real property; (6) making investments in corporations or projects designed primarily to promote community welfare; and (7) acquiring a savings and loan association.

 

The Company is also subject to the Federal Reserve Board’s capital adequacy guidelines for bank and financial holding companies (on a consolidated basis) substantially similar to those of the FDIC for the Bank.

 

A financial holding company is generally required to give the Federal Reserve Board prior written notice of any purchase or redemption of then outstanding equity securities if the gross consideration for the purchase or redemption, when combined with the net consideration paid for all such purchases or redemptions during the preceding 12 months, is equal to 10% or more of the company’s consolidated net worth. The Federal Reserve Board may disapprove such a purchase or redemption if it determines that the proposal would constitute an unsafe and unsound practice, or would violate any law, regulation, Federal Reserve Board order or directive, or any condition imposed by, or written agreement with, the Federal Reserve Board. The Federal Reserve Board has adopted an exception to this approval requirement for well-capitalized bank and financial holding companies that meet certain other conditions.

 

The Federal Reserve Board has issued a policy statement regarding the payment of dividends by bank or financial holding companies. In general, the Federal Reserve Board’s policies provide that dividends should be paid only out of current earnings and only if the prospective rate of earnings retention by the bank or financial holding company appears consistent with the organization’s capital needs, asset quality and overall financial condition. The Federal Reserve Board’s policies also require that a bank or financial holding company serve as a source of financial strength to its subsidiary banks by standing ready to use available resources to provide adequate capital funds to those banks during periods of financial stress or adversity and by maintaining the financial flexibility and capital-raising capacity to obtain additional resources for assisting its subsidiary banks where necessary. Under the prompt corrective action laws, the ability of a bank or financial holding company to pay dividends may be restricted if a subsidiary bank becomes undercapitalized. These regulatory policies could affect the ability of the Company to pay dividends or otherwise engage in capital distributions.

 

Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, depository institutions are liable to the FDIC for losses suffered or anticipated by the FDIC in connection with the default of a commonly controlled depository institution or any assistance provided by the FDIC to such an institution in danger of default. This law would have potential applicability if the Company ever held as a separate subsidiary a depository institution in addition to the Bank.

 

The Company and the Bank will be affected by the monetary and fiscal policies of various agencies of the United States Government, including the Federal Reserve System. In view of changing conditions in the national economy and in the money markets, it is impossible for management to accurately predict future changes in monetary policy or the effect of such changes on the business or financial condition of the Company or the Bank.

 

The status of the Company as a registered financial holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act does not exempt it from certain federal and state laws and regulations applicable to corporations generally, including, without limitation, certain provisions of the federal securities laws.

 

Under the Change in Bank Control Act, a notice must be submitted to the Federal Reserve Board if any person (including a company), or group acting in concert, seeks to acquire direct or indirect “control” of a bank or financial holding company or savings association. Under certain circumstances, a change of control may occur, and prior notice is required, upon the acquisition of 10% or more of the outstanding voting stock of the company or institution, unless the Federal Reserve Board has found that the acquisition will not result in a change of control. Under the Change in Control Act, the Federal Reserve Board generally has 60 days from the filing of a complete

 

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notice to act, taking into consideration certain factors, including the financial and managerial resources of the acquirer and the anti-trust effects of the acquisition. Any company that acquires control would then be subject to regulation as a bank company.

 

Federal Securities Laws

 

The Company’s common stock is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act. As a result, the Company is required to file quarterly and annual reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission and is subject to the information, proxy solicitation, insider trading restrictions and other requirements under the Securities Exchange Act.

 

Federal Income Taxation

 

General. We report our income on a calendar year basis using the accrual method of accounting. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was enacted on December 22, 2017 and lowered the federal corporate tax rate in 2018 to 21% from 35%.  Under ASC 740, the effects of changes in tax rates and laws on deferred tax balances are recorded as a component of income tax expense related to continuing operations for the period in which the law was enacted, even if the assets and liabilities related to items of accumulated other comprehensive income.  The Company re-measured its net deferred tax assets at the current 21% federal corporate tax rate and, as a result, the Company recorded $13.1 million of additional income tax expense during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

The federal income tax laws apply to us in the same manner as to other corporations with some exceptions, including particularly our reserve for bad debts discussed below. The following discussion of tax matters is intended only as a summary and does not purport to be a comprehensive description of the tax rules applicable to us. The 2016 and 2017 tax years remain subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service.  For 2018, the Company’s maximum federal income tax rate was 21%.  The Company’s maximum federal income tax rate will be 21% in 2018 and future periods.

 

Beneficial Bancorp and Beneficial Bank have entered into a tax allocation agreement. Because Beneficial Bancorp owns 100% of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Beneficial Bank, Beneficial Bancorp and Beneficial Bank are members of an affiliated group within the meaning of Section 1504(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, of which group Beneficial Bancorp is the common parent corporation. As a result of this affiliation, Beneficial Bank may be included in the filing of a consolidated federal income tax return with Beneficial Bancorp and, if a decision to file a consolidated tax return is made, the parties have agreed to compensate each other for their individual share of the consolidated tax liability and/or any tax benefits provided by them in the filing of the consolidated federal income tax return.

 

Bad Debt Reserves. For fiscal years beginning before June 30, 1996, thrift institutions that qualified under certain definitional tests and other conditions of the Internal Revenue Code were permitted to use certain favorable provisions to calculate their deductions from taxable income for annual additions to their bad debt reserve. A reserve could be established for bad debts on qualifying real property loans, generally secured by interests in real property improved or to be improved, under the percentage of taxable income method or the experience method. The reserve for non-qualifying loans was computed using the experience method. Federal legislation enacted in 1996 repealed the reserve method of accounting for bad debts and the percentage of taxable income method for tax years beginning after 1995 and required savings institutions to recapture or take into income certain portions of their accumulated bad debt reserves as of December 31, 1987. Approximately $1.4 million of income tax related to our accumulated bad debt reserves would not be recognized unless Beneficial Bank makes a “non-dividend distribution” to Beneficial Bancorp as described below.

 

Distributions. If Beneficial Bank makes “non-dividend distributions” to Beneficial Bancorp, the distributions will be considered to have been made from Beneficial Bank’s un-recaptured tax bad debt reserves, including the balance of its reserves as of December 31, 1987, to the extent of the “non-dividend distributions,” and then from Beneficial Bank’s supplemental reserve for losses on loans, to the extent of those reserves, and an amount based on the amount distributed, but not more than the amount of those reserves, will be included in Beneficial Bank’s taxable income. Non-dividend distributions include distributions in excess of Beneficial Bank’s current and accumulated earnings and profits, as calculated for federal income tax purposes, distributions in redemption of stock, and distributions in partial or complete liquidation. Dividends paid out of Beneficial Bank’s current or accumulated earnings and profits will not be so included in Beneficial Bank’s taxable income.

 

The amount of additional taxable income triggered by a non-dividend is an amount that, when reduced by the tax attributable to the income, is equal to the amount of the distribution. Therefore, if Beneficial Bank makes a non-dividend distribution to Beneficial Bancorp, approximately one and one-quarter times the amount of the distribution not in excess of the amount of the reserves would be includable in income for federal income tax purposes, assuming a 21% federal corporate income tax rate. Beneficial Bank does not intend to pay dividends that would result in a recapture of any portion of its bad debt reserves.

 

State, City and Local Taxation

 

Beneficial Bank is a savings bank conducting business in Pennsylvania (PA), New Jersey (NJ) and Philadelphia (PHL), and is subject to tax under the Pennsylvania Mutual Thrift Institutions Tax (“MTIT”) Act, New Jersey’s Corporation Business Tax, and the City of Philadelphia Business Privilege Tax. The MTIT is a tax upon separately stated net book income, determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles with certain adjustments. The MTIT tax rate is 11.5%. Net operating losses, if any, can be carried forward a maximum of three years for MTIT purposes. New Jersey’s Corporation Business Tax is calculated based on separate company apportioned taxable income, where taxable income is determined based on federal taxable income, subject to certain state adjustments and modifications. The New Jersey corporate income tax rate is 9.0%. On July 1, 2018, New Jersey signed into law Assembly Bill 4202, which significantly revises New Jersey’s Corporation Business Tax laws. Assembly Bill 4202 imposes a surtax on Corporation Business

 

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Tax taxpayers of 2.5% for the tax years 2018 and 2019 and 1.5% for the tax years 2020 and 2021.  For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2019, combined unitary filing is required. Net operating losses may be carried forward for twenty years following the tax year for which they were first reported. The City of Philadelphia Business Privilege Tax is a tax upon net income (6.35%) or taxable gross receipts (.14%) imposed on persons carrying on or exercising for gain or profit certain business activities within Philadelphia. For regulated industry taxpayers, the tax is the lesser of the tax on net income or the tax on gross receipts.  The tax years 2015 through 2017 remain subject to examination by various state and local taxing authorities.

 

Beneficial Equipment Finance Corporation (“BEFC”) is a corporation that is in the business of leasing small equipment and fixed assets. As a result of its leasing transactions, BEFC files as a separate company in several state and local jurisdictions and Beneficial Bancorp and its affiliates file in several unitary jurisdictions. These state and local jurisdictions have net operating loss carry forward periods between three and twenty years. Additionally, Beneficial Bank has other subsidiaries that file in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware. These jurisdictions allow for net operating loss carryforwards that can be carried forward for twenty years.

 

Executive Officers

 

Our executive officers are elected annually by the board of directors and serve at the board’s discretion. The following individuals currently serve as executive officers of the Company and the Bank:

 

Name

 

Position

Gerard P. Cuddy

 

President and Chief Executive Officer of Beneficial Bancorp and Beneficial Bank

Joseph V. Canosa

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Credit Officer of Beneficial Bank

Thomas D. Cestare

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Beneficial Bancorp and Beneficial Bank

Pamela M. Cyr

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Banking Officer of Beneficial Bank

Martin F. Gallagher

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Lending Officer of Beneficial Bank

Joanne R. Ryder

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Administration Officer of Beneficial Bank

 

Below is information regarding our executive officers. Each executive officer has held his or her current position for the period indicated below. Ages presented are as of December 31, 2018.

 

Gerard P. Cuddy has served as President and Chief Executive Officer since 2006. From May 2005 to November 2006, Mr. Cuddy was a senior lender at Commerce Bank. From 2002 to 2005, Mr. Cuddy served as a Senior Vice President of Fleet/Bank of America. Before his service with Fleet/Bank of America, Mr. Cuddy held senior management positions with First Union National Bank and Citigroup. Age 59.

 

Joseph V. Canosa was named Executive Vice President in February 2018.  Mr. Canosa joined Beneficial Bank in 2014 as a Senior Credit Officer and was appointed Chief Credit Officer in 2016.  Before that time, Mr. Canosa served as Senior Vice President and Senior Credit Officer of Sun National Bank. Age 57.

 

Thomas D. Cestare joined Beneficial Bank as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Beneficial Bank in July 2010. Before joining Beneficial Bancorp and Beneficial Bank, Mr. Cestare served as Executive Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer of Sovereign Bancorp. Mr. Cestare is a certified public accountant who was a partner with the public accounting firm of KPMG LLP before joining Sovereign Bancorp in 2005. Age 50.

 

Pamela M. Cyr has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Banking Officer since June 2012. Ms. Cyr is the former President and Chief Executive Officer of SE Financial Corp. Age 51.

 

Martin F. Gallagher has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Lending Officer of Beneficial Bank since February 2015.  Mr. Gallagher joined Beneficial in 2011 to build the Bank’s commercial lending business while enhancing the Bank’s overall credit approach.  He was named Chief Credit Officer in 2012, overseeing credit, portfolio management, and special assets/workout. Before that time, Mr. Gallagher managed and developed commercial banking portfolios for Bryn Mawr Trust Company and National Penn Bank. Age 62.

 

Joanne R. Ryder has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Administration Officer since April 2015. Ms. Ryder joined Beneficial Bank in July 2007 and was named Executive Vice President and Director of Brand & Strategy in January 2012. Before that time, Ms. Ryder served as Vice President, Field Marketing Manager at Commerce Bank. Age 44.

 

Item 1A.            RISK FACTORS

 

Completion of our previously announced merger with WSFS Financial Corporation is subject to certain conditions, and if these conditions are not satisfied or waived, the Merger will not be completed.

 

We currently expect our previously announced business combination with WSFS to be completed during the first quarter of 2019.  However, the obligations of WSFS and us to complete the Merger are subject to the satisfaction or waiver (if permitted) of a number of conditions.  The satisfaction of all of the required conditions could delay the completion of the Merger for a significant period of time or prevent it from occurring.  Any delay in completing the Merger could cause the combined company not to realize some or all of the benefits that the combined company expects to achieve if the Merger is successfully completed within its expected timeframe. Further, there can

 

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be no assurance that the conditions to the closing of the Merger will be satisfied or waived or that the merger will be completed.

 

Failure to complete our previously announced merger with WSFS Financial Corporation could negatively impact our stock price and our future business and financial results.

 

If our proposed merger with WSFS is not completed for any reason, our ongoing business may be adversely affected and, without realizing any of the benefits of having completed the Merger, we would be subject to a number of risks, including the following:

 

·                  We are subject to certain restrictions on the conduct of our business prior to completing the Merger, which may adversely affect our abilities to execute certain of our business strategies;

 

·                  We may experience negative reactions from the financial markets, including negative impacts on our stock price or from our customers, regulators and employees;

 

·                  We have incurred and will continue to incur certain costs and fees associated with the Merger and other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement; and

 

·                  Matters relating to the Merger (including integration planning) have required substantial commitments of time and resources by our management, which would otherwise have been devoted to day-to-day operations and other opportunities that may have been beneficial to us as an independent company.

 

In addition, we could be subject to litigation related to any failure to complete the Merger or related to any enforcement proceeding commenced against us to perform our obligations under the Merger Agreement.  If the Merger is not completed, these risks may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and stock price.

 

Our business is subject to interest rate risk and variations in interest rates may negatively affect our financial performance.

 

Changes in the interest rate environment may reduce profits. The primary source of our income is the differential or “spread” between the interest earned on loans, securities and other interest-earning assets, and interest paid on deposits, borrowings and other interest-bearing liabilities. As prevailing interest rates change, net interest spreads are affected by the difference between the maturities and re-pricing characteristics of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. At December 31, 2018, we were asset sensitive and would benefit from an increase in interest rates.  In the event of a 200 basis point increase in interest rates, we would expect to experience a 5.0% increase in net interest income. Because the prospective effects of hypothetical interest rate changes are based on a number of assumptions, these computations should not be relied upon as indicative of actual results.

 

In addition, loan volume and yields are affected by market interest rates on loans, and rising interest rates generally are associated with a lower volume of loan originations. An increase in the general level of interest rates may also adversely affect the ability of certain borrowers to pay the interest on and principal of their obligations. Accordingly, changes in levels of market interest rates could materially adversely affect our net interest spread, asset quality, loan origination volume and overall profitability. In addition, our deposits are subject to increases in interest rates and as interest rates rise we may lose these deposits if we do not pay competitive interest rates, which may affect our liquidity and profits.

 

Our emphasis on commercial loans may expose us to increased lending risks.

 

At December 31, 2018, $1.54 billion, or 39.6%, of our loan portfolio consisted of commercial real estate loans, $615.2 million, or 15.8%, of our loan portfolio consisted of commercial business loans, and $188.5 million, or 4.8%, of our loan portfolio consisted of commercial construction loans, including loans for the acquisition and development of property. At December 31, 2018, we had a total of 51 land acquisition and development loans totaling $149.3 million included primarily in commercial real estate and commercial construction loans, which consist of 23 residential land acquisition and development loans totaling $86.0 million and 28 commercial land acquisition and development loans totaling $63.3 million. We are committed to growing our commercial banking business and, over the past few years, we have hired additional lenders with significant experience in our market area to expand our commercial real estate and commercial and industrial lending efforts. We expect to continue to look for additional qualified lenders to further accelerate our commercial loan growth.

 

Commercial real estate loans and commercial business loans generally expose a lender to a greater risk of loss than one- to four-family residential loans. Repayment of commercial real estate and commercial business loans generally is dependent, in large part, on sufficient income from the property or business to cover operating expenses and debt service. Commercial real estate loans typically involve larger loan balances to single borrowers or groups of related borrowers compared to one- to four-family residential mortgage loans. Changes in economic conditions that are out of the control of the borrower and lender could impact the value of the security for the loan, the future cash flow of the affected property, or the marketability of a construction project with respect to loans originated for the acquisition and development of property. Additionally, any decline in real estate values may be more pronounced with respect to commercial real estate properties than residential properties. Also, many of our multi-family and commercial real estate and commercial business borrowers have more than one loan outstanding with us. Consequently, an adverse development with respect to one loan or one credit relationship can expose us to a significantly greater risk of loss compared to an adverse development with respect to a residential mortgage loan. Further, unlike residential mortgages or multi-family and commercial real estate loans, commercial and industrial loans may be secured by collateral other than real estate, such as inventory and accounts receivable, the value of which may be more difficult to appraise and may be more susceptible to fluctuation in value at default.

 

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Commercial business loans include shared national credits, which are participations in loans or loan commitments of at least $20.0 million that are shared by three or more banks. Effective January 1, 2018, the federal banking agencies have changed the aggregate loan commitment threshold for inclusion in the shared national credit program from $20 million to $100 million.  Included in our shared national credit portfolio are purchased participations and assignments in leveraged lending transactions. Leveraged lending transactions are generally used to support a merger- or acquisition-related transaction, to back a recapitalization of a company’s balance sheet or to refinance debt. When considering a participation in the leveraged lending market, we will participate only in first lien senior secured term loans that are highly rated (investment grade) by the rating agencies and that trade in active secondary markets. Even though we intend to hold these loans in our portfolio, we actively monitor the secondary market for these types of loans to ensure that we maintain flexibility to sell such loans in the event of deteriorating credit quality. To further minimize risk, based on our current capital levels and loan portfolio, we have limited the total amount of leveraged loans to $150.0 million with no single obligor exceeding $15.0 million while maintaining single industry concentrations below 30%. However, we may reevaluate these limits in future periods.  At December 31, 2018, shared national credits totaled $139.5 million, which included $83.4 million of leveraged lending transactions.

 

Strong competition within our market area could hurt our profits and slow growth.

 

We face substantial competition in originating loans, both commercial and consumer. This competition comes principally from other banks, savings institutions, mortgage banking companies and other lenders. Many of our competitors enjoy advantages that we do not, including greater financial resources and higher lending limits, a wider geographic presence, more accessible branch office locations, the ability to offer a wider array of services or more favorable pricing alternatives, as well as lower origination and operating costs. This competition could reduce our net income by decreasing the number and size of loans that we originate and the interest rates we may charge on these loans.

 

In attracting business and consumer deposits, we face substantial competition from other insured depository institutions such as banks, savings institutions and credit unions, as well as institutions offering uninsured investment alternatives, including money market funds. Many of our competitors enjoy advantages that we do not, including greater financial resources, more aggressive marketing campaigns, better brand recognition and more branch locations. These competitors may offer higher interest rates than we do, which could decrease the deposits that we attract or require us to increase our rates to retain existing deposits or attract new deposits. Increased deposit competition could adversely affect our ability to generate the funds necessary for lending operations. As a result, we may need to seek other sources of funds that may be more expensive to obtain and could increase our cost of funds.

 

Our banking and non-banking subsidiaries also compete with non-bank providers of financial services, such as brokerage firms, consumer finance companies, credit unions, insurance agencies, on-line banks, financial technology companies and governmental organizations, which may offer more favorable terms. Some of our non-bank competitors are not subject to the same extensive regulations that govern our banking operations. As a result, such non-bank competitors may have advantages over our banking and non-banking subsidiaries in providing certain products and services. Technological change is influencing how individuals and firms conduct their financial affairs and changing the delivery channels for financial services, with the result that the Company may have to contend with a broader range of competitors including many that are not located within the geographic footprint of its banking office network.  This competition may reduce or limit our margins on banking and non-banking services, reduce our market share, and adversely affect our earnings and financial condition.

 

In addition, our performance is largely dependent on the talents and efforts of highly skilled individuals. Our future success depends on our continuing ability to identify, hire, develop, motivate and retain highly skilled personnel for all areas of our organization. Competition in our industry for qualified employees is intense, and we are aware that certain of our competitors have directly targeted our employees. Our continued ability to compete effectively depends on our ability to attract new employees and to retain and motivate our existing employees.

 

Our emphasis on residential mortgage loans and home equity loans exposes us to lending risks, and the geographic concentration of our loan portfolio and lending activities makes us vulnerable to a downturn in the local economy.

 

At December 31, 2018, $968.9 million, or 24.9% of our loan portfolio, consisted of one- to four-family residential real estate loans and $201.5 million, or 5.2% of our loan portfolio, consisted of home equity loans and lines of credit. One- to four-family residential mortgage lending is generally sensitive to regional and local economic conditions that significantly impact the ability of borrowers to meet their loan payment obligations, making loss levels difficult to predict. Declines in real estate values could cause some of our residential mortgages and home equity loans to be inadequately collateralized, which would expose us to a greater risk of loss if we seek to recover on defaulted loans by selling the real estate collateral. Real estate values are affected by various factors, including supply and demand, changes in general or regional economic conditions, interest rates, governmental rules or policies and natural disasters. Future weakness in economic conditions also could result in reduced loan demand and a decline in loan originations. In particular, a significant decline in real estate values would likely lead to a decrease in new multi-family, commercial real estate, residential mortgage, and home equity loan originations and increased delinquencies and defaults in our real estate loan portfolio.

 

A return to recessionary conditions could result in increases in our level of non-performing loans and/or reduce demand for our products and services, which would lead to lower revenue, higher loan losses and lower earnings.

 

Although economic conditions have improved since the end of the economic recession in June 2009, economic growth has been slower than in past recoveries and the recovery is entering its tenth year which is longer than past recoveries. A return of recessionary conditions and/or continued negative developments in the domestic and international credit markets may significantly affect the markets in which we do business, the value of our loans and investments, and our ongoing operations, costs and profitability. Further declines in real estate values and sales volumes and increases in unemployment levels may result in higher than expected loan delinquencies, increases in our

 

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levels of nonperforming and classified assets and a decline in demand for our products and services. These negative events may cause us to incur losses and may adversely affect our capital, liquidity and financial condition.

 

If our allowance for loan losses is not sufficient to cover actual loan losses, our results of operations will be negatively impacted.

 

In determining the amount of the allowance for loan losses, we analyze our loss and delinquency experience by loan categories and we consider the effect of existing economic conditions. In addition, we make various assumptions and judgments about the collectability of our loan portfolio, including the creditworthiness of our borrowers and the value of the real estate and other assets serving as collateral for the repayment of many of our loans. If the results of our analyses are incorrect, our allowance for loan losses may not be sufficient to cover losses inherent in our loan portfolio, which would require additions to our allowance and would decrease our net income. Our emphasis on loan growth and on increasing our portfolio of multi-family, commercial business and commercial real estate loans, as well any future credit deterioration, could also require us to increase our allowance further in the future.

 

In addition, bank regulators periodically review our allowance for loan losses and may require us to increase our provision for loan losses or recognize further loan charge-offs. Any increase in our allowance for loan losses or loan charge-offs as required by these regulatory authorities may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

 

A significant percentage of our assets is invested in securities which typically have a lower yield than our loan portfolio.

 

Our results of operations are substantially dependent on our net interest income. At December 31, 2018, 27.3% of our assets were invested in investment securities, overnight investments and cash and due from banks. These investments yield substantially less than the loans we hold in our portfolio. While we intend to invest a greater proportion of our assets in loans with the goal of increasing our net interest income, we may not be able to increase originations of loans that are acceptable to us.

 

We hold goodwill, an intangible asset, that could be classified as impaired in the future. If goodwill is considered to be either partially or fully impaired in the future, our earnings and the book value of goodwill would decrease.

 

We are required to test our goodwill for impairment on a periodic basis. The impairment testing process considers a variety of factors, including the current market price of our common shares, the estimated net present value of our assets and liabilities and information concerning the terminal valuation of similarly situated insured depository institutions. It is possible that future impairment testing could result in a partial or full impairment of the value of our goodwill. If an impairment determination is made in a future reporting period, our earnings and the book value of goodwill will be reduced by the amount of the impairment.

 

We may be adversely affected by recent changes in U.S. tax laws and regulations.

 

Changes in tax laws contained in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which was enacted in December 2017, include a number of provisions that will have an impact on the banking industry, borrowers and the market for residential real estate. Included in this legislation was a reduction of the corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%. In addition, other changes included: (i) a lower limit on the deductibility of mortgage interest on single-family residential mortgage loans, (ii) the elimination of interest deductions for home equity loans, (iii) a limitation on the deductibility of business interest expense and (iv) a limitation on the deductibility of property taxes and state and local income taxes.

 

The recent changes in the tax laws may have an adverse effect on the market for, and valuation of, residential properties, and on the demand for such loans in the future, and could make it harder for borrowers to make their loan payments. In addition, these recent changes may also have a disproportionate effect on taxpayers in states with high residential home prices and high state and local taxes, such as Pennsylvania and New Jersey. If home ownership becomes less attractive, demand for mortgage loans could decrease. The value of the properties securing loans in our loan portfolio may be adversely impacted as a result of the changing economics of home ownership, which could require an increase in our provision for loan losses, which would reduce our profitability and could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The preparation of our tax returns requires the use of estimates and interpretations of complex tax laws and regulations and is subject to review by taxing authorities.

 

We are subject to the income tax laws of the U.S., its states and municipalities. These tax laws are complex and subject to different interpretations by the taxpayer and the relevant governmental taxing authorities. In establishing a provision for income tax expense and filing returns, we must make judgments and interpretations about the application of these inherently complex tax laws. Actual income taxes paid may vary from estimates depending upon changes in income tax laws, actual results of operations, and the final audit of tax returns by taxing authorities. Tax assessments may arise several years after tax returns have been filed. We are subject to ongoing tax examinations and assessments in various jurisdictions.

 

As of December 31, 2018, we had net deferred tax assets totaling $21.7 million. These deferred tax assets can only be realized if we generate taxable income in the future. We regularly evaluate the realizability of deferred tax asset positions. In determining whether a valuation allowance is necessary, we consider estimates of future pre-tax and taxable income and tax planning strategies that would, if necessary, be implemented. We currently maintain a valuation allowance for certain state net operating losses that management believes it is more likely than not that such deferred tax assets will not be realized. We expect to realize our remaining deferred tax assets over the allowable carryforward periods. Therefore, no valuation allowance is deemed necessary against our federal or remaining state deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2018. However, if an unanticipated event occurred that materially changed pre-tax and taxable income in future periods, an increase in the valuation allowance may become necessary and it could be material to our financial statements. Our net deferred tax asset of $21.7 million was determined based on the current enacted federal tax rate of 21%.  The

 

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passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act Act in December 2017 lowered the federal corporate tax rate for 2018 to 21% from 35%.  The Company re-measured its net deferred tax assets at the current 21% federal corporate tax rate and, as a result, the Company recorded $13.1 million of additional income tax expense during the year ended December 31, 2017.  Any possible future reduction in federal tax rates, would reduce the value of our net deferred tax assets and result in immediate write-down of the net deferred tax assets though our statement of operations, the effect of which would be material.

 

We operate in a highly regulated environment and we may be adversely affected by changes in laws and regulations.

 

We are subject to extensive regulation, supervision and examination by the FDIC, as insurer of our deposits, and by the Department as our primary regulator. Beneficial Bancorp is subject to regulation and supervision by the Federal Reserve Board. Such regulation and supervision governs the activities in which an institution and its holding company may engage and are intended primarily for the protection of the insurance fund and the depositors and borrowers of Beneficial Bank rather than for holders of our common stock. Regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in their supervisory and enforcement activities, including the imposition of restrictions on our operations, the classification of our assets and determination of the level of our allowance for loan losses. Any change in such regulation and oversight, whether in the form of regulatory policy, regulations, legislation or supervisory action, may increase our costs of operations and have a material impact on our operations.

 

We are now subject to more stringent capital requirements, which may adversely impact our return on equity, or constrain us from paying dividends or repurchasing shares.

 

In July 2013, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Federal Reserve Board approved new rules that amended the regulatory risk-based capital rules applicable to Beneficial Bank and Beneficial Bancorp. The final rules implement the “Basel III” regulatory capital reforms and changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act.

 

The rules include new risk-based capital and leverage ratios, which became effective on January 1, 2015, and revise the definition of what constitutes “capital” for purposes of calculating those ratios. The new minimum capital level requirements applicable to the Company and the Bank are: (1) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%; (2) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% (increased from 4%); (3) a total capital ratio of 8% (unchanged from current rules); and (4) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for all institutions. The rules eliminate the inclusion of certain instruments, such as trust preferred securities, from Tier 1 capital. Instruments issued prior to May 19, 2010 will be grandfathered for companies with consolidated assets of $15 billion or less. The rules also establish a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5% above the new regulatory minimum capital requirements, which must consist entirely of common equity Tier 1 capital and would result in the following minimum ratios: (1) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%, (2) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5%, and (3) a total capital ratio of 10.5%. The new capital conservation buffer requirement started to be phased in beginning in January 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and were increased by that amount each year until fully implemented in January 2019. An institution is subject to limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary bonuses if its capital level falls below the buffer amount. These limitations establish a maximum percentage of eligible retained income that could be utilized for such actions.

 

The application of more stringent capital requirements for Beneficial Bank and Beneficial Bancorp could, among other things, result in lower returns on equity, require the raising of additional capital, and result in regulatory actions constraining us from paying dividends or repurchasing shares if we were to be unable to comply with such requirements.

 

Our framework for managing risks may not be effective in mitigating risk and loss.

 

Our risk management framework seeks to mitigate risk and loss. We have established processes and procedures intended to identify, measure, monitor, report and analyze the types of risk to which we are subject, including liquidity risk, interest rate risk, credit risk, market risk and reputational risk, among others. However, as with any risk management framework, there are inherent limitations to our risk management strategies and there may exist, or develop in the future, risks that we have not anticipated or identified. If our risk management framework proves to be ineffective, we could suffer unexpected losses and could be materially adversely affected.

 

Loss of, or failure to adequately safeguard, confidential or proprietary information may adversely affect our operations, net income or reputation.

 

We regularly collect, process, transmit and store significant amounts of confidential information regarding our customers, employees and others and concerning our own business, operations, plans and strategies. In some cases, this confidential or proprietary information is collected, compiled, processed, transmitted or stored by third parties on our behalf.

 

Information security risks have generally increased in recent years because of the proliferation of new technologies and the increased sophistication and activities of perpetrators of cyber-attacks and mobile phishing. Mobile phishing, a means for identity thieves to obtain sensitive personal information through fraudulent e-mail, text or voice mail, is an emerging threat targeting the customers of popular financial entities. A failure in or breach of our operational or information security systems, or those of our third-party service providers, as a result of cyber-attacks or information security breaches or due to employee error, malfeasance or other disruptions could adversely affect our business, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, damage our reputation, increase our costs and/or cause losses.

 

If this confidential or proprietary information were to be mishandled, misused or lost, we could be exposed to significant regulatory consequences, reputational damage, civil litigation and financial loss.

 

Although we employ a variety of physical, procedural and technological safeguards to protect this confidential and proprietary information from mishandling, misuse or loss, these safeguards do not provide absolute assurance that mishandling, misuse or loss of the information

 

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will not occur, and that if mishandling, misuse or loss of the information did occur, those events will be promptly detected and addressed. Similarly, when confidential or proprietary information is collected, compiled, processed, transmitted or stored by third parties on our behalf, our policies and procedures require that the third party agree to maintain the confidentiality of the information, establish and maintain policies and procedures designed to preserve the confidentiality of the information, and permit us to confirm the third party’s compliance with the terms of the agreement. Although we believe that we have adequate information security procedures and other safeguards in place, as information security risks and cyber threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend additional resources to continue to enhance our information security measures and/or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities.

 

The failure of other companies to adequately provide key components of our business infrastructure could adversely affect our operations and revenues.

 

Third party vendors provide key components of our business infrastructure such as internet connections, network access and core processing systems. While we have selected these third-party vendors carefully and our agreements include requirements regarding the levels of their service quality, we ultimately do not control their actions. Any problems caused by these third parties, including those that result from their failure to provide services for any reason or their poor performance of services, could adversely affect our ability to deliver products and services to our customers and otherwise to conduct our business. Replacing these third-party vendors could also entail significant delay and expense.

 

Item 1B.    UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

 

None.

 

Item 2.       PROPERTIES

 

We conduct our business through our headquarters located at 1818 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA and 61 branch offices located in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania and Burlington, Camden and Gloucester Counties in New Jersey. We own 31 properties and lease the other 30 properties. In Pennsylvania, we serve our customers through our four offices in Bucks County, seven offices in Delaware County, nine offices in Montgomery County, 15 offices in Philadelphia County and three offices in Chester County. In New Jersey, we serve our customers through our 18 offices in Burlington County, four offices in Camden County and one office in Gloucester County. We operate a leasing office in Chester County, Pennsylvania and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  All branches and offices are adequate for business operation.

 

Item 3.       LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

The Company and its directors had been named in a lawsuit filed in Maryland state circuit court regarding compensation levels of directors in connection with equity awards granted in the second quarter of 2016 under the Company’s 2016 Omnibus Incentive Plan. The defendants believed the lawsuit, alleging breach of fiduciary duty and unjust enrichment under Maryland law, is without merit and vigorously defended it.  During the quarter ended December 31, 2018, this lawsuit was settled with the plaintiffs.

 

On October 15, 2018, one purported Company stockholder filed a putative class action lawsuit against Beneficial and the members of the Company’s Board of Directors in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, captioned Dappollone v. Beneficial Bancorp, Inc., et al., Docket No. 1:18-cv-09395. The plaintiff, on behalf of himself and similarly situated Company stockholders, generally alleged that the defendants violated Sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and Rule 14a-9 promulgated thereunder by disclosing materially incomplete and misleading information about the Merger to Company stockholders. The plaintiff sought injunctive relief, unspecified damages and an award of attorneys’ fees and expenses.

 

On October 19, 2018, another purported Company stockholder filed a putative derivative and class action lawsuit against the Company, the members of the Company’s Board of Directors and Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, in the Circuit Court for Baltimore City, Maryland, on behalf of himself and similarly situated Beneficial stockholders, and derivatively on behalf of Beneficial, captioned Parshall v. Farnesi et al., Case No.  The plaintiff generally alleged that the Beneficial board of directors breached its fiduciary obligations by approving the terms of the Merger, including allegedly inadequate merger consideration and certain deal protection devices, and making materially incomplete disclosures about the merger to Company stockholders. The plaintiff sought injunctive relief, unspecified damages, and an award of attorneys’ fees and expenses.

 

On October 31, 2018, three other purported Company stockholders filed separate lawsuits against the Company and the members of the Company’s Board of Directors in the District Court for the District of Maryland, captioned Wolenter v. Beneficial Bancorp, Inc. et al. (Case No. 1:18-cv-03379-JKB), Karp v. Beneficial Bancorp, Inc. et. al. (Case No. 1:18-cv-03381-ELH), and Bushanksy v. Beneficial Bancorp, Inc. et al. (Case No. 1:18-cv-03382-DKC). The plaintiffs each generally alleged that the registration statement filed with the SEC on September 27, 2018 contained materially misleading omissions or misrepresentations in violation of Section 14(a) and Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. The plaintiffs each sought injunctive relief, unspecified damages, and an award of attorneys’ fees and expenses.

 

On November 29, 2018, the Company filed with the SEC a Current Report on Form 8-K making additional disclosures to supplement the disclosures in the allegedly misleading proxy statement disclosures set forth in the five complaints relating to the Merger.  Each plaintiff agreed that the Form 8-K mooted his or her disclosure claims, and accordingly each of the five lawsuits related to the Merger was voluntarily dismissed in January 2019

 

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Beneficial Bancorp and Beneficial Bank are involved in routine legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business. Such routine legal proceedings, in the aggregate, are believed by management to be immaterial to our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Item 4.     MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5.     MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

The Company’s common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”) under the trading symbol “BNCL.” As of February 26, 2019, the Company had approximately 2,766 holders of record of common stock.

 

Stock Performance Graph

 

The following graph provided by SNL Financial compares the cumulative total return of the Company’s common stock with the cumulative total return of the SNL Mid-Atlantic Thrift Index and the Index for the Nasdaq Stock Market (U.S. Companies, all Standard Industrial Classification, (“SIC”)).  The graph assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2012, the first day of trading of the Company’s common stock.  Cumulative total return assumes reinvestment of all dividends.  The performance graph is being furnished solely to accompany this report pursuant to Item 201(e) of Regulation S-K, and is not being filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and is not to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company, whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

 

 

 

Purchases of Equity Securities

 

On July 21, 2016, the Company adopted a second stock repurchase program for up to 10% of its outstanding common stock, or 7,770,978 shares. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company purchased 945,400 shares under the second stock repurchase plan.

 

The Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock during the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

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Item 6.     SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

 

At and For the Year Ended December 31,
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2018

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial Condition Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

5,806,925

 

$

5,798,828

 

$

5,738,593

 

$

4,826,695

 

$

4,751,522

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

852,475

 

557,615

 

287,046

 

233,920

 

534,015

 

Investment securities available-for-sale

 

285,622

 

310,308

 

451,544

 

655,162

 

757,834

 

Investment securities held-to-maturity

 

424,571

 

537,302

 

602,529

 

696,310

 

727,755

 

Loans and leases receivable, net

 

3,851,343

 

3,990,863

 

3,967,307

 

2,895,946

 

2,371,091

 

Deposits

 

4,172,598

 

4,150,493

 

4,158,188

 

3,451,923

 

3,879,709

 

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

 

515,000

 

515,000

 

465,000

 

165,000

 

165,000

 

Other borrowed funds

 

 

25,439

 

25,423

 

25,405

 

25,388

 

Noncontrolling Interest*

 

158

 

592

 

 

 

 

Beneficial Bancorp, Inc. stockholders’ equity

 

1,049,992

 

1,034,298

 

1,013,756

 

1,115,546

 

610,894

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

$

211,778

 

$

197,868

 

$

173,793

 

$

143,339

 

$

139,305

 

Interest expense

 

31,414

 

28,000

 

22,876

 

19,117

 

21,881

 

Net interest income

 

180,364

 

169,868

 

150,917

 

124,222

 

117,424

 

Provision for loan and lease losses

 

4,581

 

3,118

 

485

 

(3,600

)

200

 

Net interest income after provision for loan and lease losses

 

175,783

 

166,750

 

150,432

 

127,822

 

117,224

 

Non-interest income

 

28,870

 

28,765

 

27,805

 

24,284

 

24,783

 

Non-interest expenses

 

141,262

 

138,797

 

139,124

 

118,488

 

118,251

 

Income before income taxes

 

63,391

 

56,718

 

39,113

 

33,618

 

23,756

 

Income tax expense

 

16,156

 

32,794

 

13,644

 

10,725

 

5,723

 

Consolidated net income

 

47,235

 

23,924

 

25,469

 

22,893

 

18,033

 

Net Income attributable to noncontrolling interest*

 

(609

)

(8

)

 

 

 

Net income attributable to Beneficial Bancorp Inc.

 

$

47,844

 

$

23,932

 

$

25,469

 

$

22,893

 

$

18,033

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average common shares outstanding — Basic

 

70,912,191

 

70,574,037

 

71,902,158

 

78,513,929

 

80,701,991

 

Average common shares outstanding — Diluted

 

71,517,248

 

71,167,475

 

72,632,437

 

79,276,984

 

81,379,981

 

Net income earnings per share - Basic

 

$

0.66

 

$

0.33

 

$

0.34

 

$

0.29

 

$

0.22

 

Net income earnings per share — Diluted

 

$

0.65

 

$

0.32

 

$

0.34

 

$

0.29

 

$

0.22

 

Dividends declared per share

 

$

0.49

 

$

0.24

 

$

0.12

 

$

 

$

 

 


* - Noncontrolling interest relates to the majority owned subsidiary equipment leasing company, Neumann Finance Company, formed during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

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At and For the Year Ended December 31,

 

2018

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Performance Ratios:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

0.81

%

0.41

%

0.47

%

0.48

%

0.40

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average equity

 

4.61

 

2.29

 

2.45

 

2.15

 

2.94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate spread (1)

 

3.11

 

2.97

 

2.86

 

2.64

 

2.72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin (2)

 

3.29

 

3.12

 

3.00

 

2.80

 

2.82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-interest expense to average assets

 

2.43

 

2.39

 

2.58

 

2.50

 

2.64

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Efficiency ratio (3)

 

67.51

 

69.93

 

77.84

 

79.79

 

83.15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

 

130.83

 

129.32

 

131.34

 

136.26

 

119.91

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average equity to average assets

 

17.63

 

17.72

 

19.20

 

22.42

 

13.67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital Ratios (4):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tier 1 Leverage (to average assets)

 

13.61

 

14.46

 

14.76

 

16.86

 

11.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Equity Tier 1 Capital (to risk weighted assets)

 

19.63

 

20.34

 

20.17

 

27.57

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets

 

19.63

 

20.34

 

20.17

 

27.57

 

21.17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total risk-based capital to risk-weighted assets

 

20.72

 

21.41

 

21.25

 

28.83

 

22.43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset Quality Ratios:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for loan losses as a percent of total loans and leases

 

1.11

 

1.07

 

1.08

 

1.55

 

2.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for loan losses as a percent of non-performing loans

 

145.53

 

124.79

 

160.75

 

120.79

 

126.92

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net charge-offs to average outstanding loans and leases during the period

 

0.12

 

0.08

 

0.08

 

0.06

 

0.22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-performing loans as a percent of total loans and leases (5)

 

0.76

 

0.86

 

0.67

 

1.28

 

1.65

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets (5)

 

0.52

 

0.60

 

0.48

 

0.81

 

0.87

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of offices (6)

 

61

 

61

 

63

 

55

 

58

 

 


(1)         Represents the difference between the weighted average yield on average interest-earning assets and the weighted average cost on average interest-bearing liabilities.

(2)         Represents net interest income as a percent of average interest-earning assets.

(3)         Represents other non-interest expenses divided by the sum of net interest income and non-interest income.

(4)         Ratios are for Beneficial Bank.

(5)         Non-performing loans and assets include accruing government guaranteed student loans past due 90 days or more.

(6)         During 2016, the increase in the number of offices was primarily due to the addition of nine branches as part of the acquisition of Conestoga Bank.

 

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Item 7.     MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

Note on Forward-Looking Statements

 

This section contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These statements are not historical facts, but rather are statements based on the Company’s current expectations regarding its business strategies, intended results and future performance. Forward-looking statements are preceded by terms such as “expects,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “intends” and similar expressions.

 

Management’s ability to predict results or the effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Factors that could affect actual results include, but are not limited to, our ability to complete our previously announced business combination with WSFS Financial Corporation, interest rate trends, the general economic climate in our market area, as well as nationwide, our ability to control costs and expenses, competitive products and pricing, loan delinquency rates and changes in federal and state legislation and regulation and tax laws. These factors should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. The Company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

 

Executive Summary

 

On August 8, 2018, WSFS Financial Corporation (“WSFS”) and the Company issued a joint press release announcing that WSFS and the Company have entered into an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization pursuant to which the Company will merge with and into WSFS, with WSFS as the surviving entity.  Under the terms of the agreement, which has been unanimously approved by the boards of directors of both companies, stockholders of Beneficial will receive 0.3013 shares of WSFS common stock and $2.93 in cash for each share of Beneficial common stock.  The transaction is subject to customary closing conditions and is expected to close during the first quarter of 2019.

 

Our profitability is generally a function of the revenues we earn from our interest-bearing assets less the cost of our interest-bearing liabilities plus revenues we receive from non-interest income less our provision for loan losses and non-interest expenses.

 

Our primary source of revenue is net interest income. Net interest income, which comprises 86.2% of our revenue for the year ended December 31, 2018, is the difference between the income we earn on our loans and investments and the interest we pay on our deposits and borrowings. Changes in levels of interest rates affect our net interest income.

 

A secondary source of revenue is non-interest income, which is income we receive from providing products and services. Traditionally, the majority of our non-interest income has come from service charges (mostly on deposit accounts), interchange income, mortgage banking and SBA income and from fee income from our insurance and wealth management services.  We discontinued our wealth management services during the first quarter of 2018 and we sold the assets and liabilities of our insurance agency subsidiary during the three months ended September 30, 2018.

 

Provision for loan losses is the expense we incur to cover the estimated inherent losses in our portfolio at each reporting period.

 

The non-interest expense represents our operating costs and consists of salaries and employee benefits expenses, the cost of our equity plans, occupancy expenses, depreciation, amortization and maintenance expenses and other miscellaneous expenses, such as loan and owned real estate expenses, advertising, insurance, professional services and printing and supplies expenses. Our largest non-interest expense is salaries and employee benefits, which consist primarily of salaries and wages paid to our employees, payroll taxes, and expenses for health insurance, retirement plans and other employee benefits.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company formed Neumann Finance Company (“Neumann”), a majority owned subsidiary equipment leasing company, named after the Bank’s pioneering founder, Saint John Neumann. Neumann focuses on providing financing products and services to businesses nationwide and targets various equipment categories including technology, software, office, medical and other areas.

 

We recorded net income of $47.8 million, or $0.65 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to net income of $23.9 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2017.  Net income for the year ended December 31, 2017 included a one- time $13.1 million charge, or $0.18 per diluted share, of additional income tax expense related to the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and its impact on the re-measurement of our net deferred tax assets due to the reduction in the corporate income tax rate for 2018 to 21% from 35%.

 

Our business results for during 2018 were favorably impacted by a rise in interest rates.  Net interest margin totaled 3.29% for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to 3.12% for the year ended December 31, 2017.  The increase in net interest income was primarily due to an increase in yields on the investment and loan portfolios following recent Federal Reserve Bank federal funds rate increases.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the net interest margin was positively impacted 9 basis points by loan prepayment income compared to 7 basis points during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we entered into an asset purchase agreement with a third party to sell the net assets of Beneficial Insurance Services, LLC.  In connection with that sale, Beneficial received net proceeds of $14.1 million and realized a net

 

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gain of $3.3 million as the sale proceeds exceeded our carrying amount for Beneficial Insurance Services including goodwill and intangible assets.  Goodwill and intangible assets that related to Beneficial Insurance Services decreased $10.2 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 as a result of the sale.  For the nine months ending September 30, 2018, non-interest income and non-interest expense includes $4.6 million and $4.6 million, respectively, related to Beneficial Insurance Services.  These non-interest income and non-interest expense items related to Beneficial Insurance Services will not occur in future periods.

 

Loans decreased $139.5 million, or 3.5%, to $3.89 billion at December 31, 2018, from $4.03 billion at December 31, 2017.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, our residential real estate portfolio increased $25.3 million, or 2.7%.  However, this growth was offset by a $54.7 million decrease in our total commercial portfolio and an $110.1 million decrease in our total consumer loan portfolio.  We continue to experience a number of large commercial loan payoffs as projects are completed and sold and financing is obtained from non-bank sources.  The decrease in our consumer loan portfolio was due primarily to a $63.1 million decrease in indirect auto loans resulting from our planned run-off of this portfolio segment.  As previously disclosed, we decided to exit the indirect auto lending business in the first quarter of 2017.

 

Asset quality metrics continued to remain strong with non-performing assets to total assets, excluding government guaranteed student loans, of 0.38% as of December 31, 2018, compared to 0.36% at December 31, 2017.  Our allowance for loan losses totaled $43.3 million, or 1.11% of total loans, as of December 31, 2018, compared to $43.3 million, or 1.07% of total loans, as of December 31, 2017.

 

During the second quarter of 2016, the Company completed its first share repurchase program since completing its mutual-to-stock conversion and related stock offering in January 2015. Under the first program, Beneficial repurchased 8,291,859 shares of its common stock.  On July 21, 2016, the Company adopted a second stock repurchase program for up to 10% of its outstanding common stock, or 7,770,978 shares. During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company purchased 945,400 shares of its common stock under the second stock repurchase plan.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company declared and paid cash dividends totaling $35.7 million.  On January 31, 2019, the Company declared a cash dividend of 6 cents per common share, payable on or after February 21, 2019, to common shareholders of record at the close of business on February 11, 2019.

 

We continue to maintain strong levels of capital and our capital ratios are well in excess of the levels required to be considered well-capitalized under applicable federal regulations for both the Company and the Bank. Our capital levels have remained strong with tangible capital to tangible assets totaling 15.75% at December 31, 2018 compared to 15.33% at December 31, 2017.

 

We believe in working with our customers to help them save and use credit wisely. We dedicate financial and human capital to support organizations that share our sense of responsibility to do what’s right for the communities we serve. We remain committed to the financial responsibility we have practiced throughout our history, and we are dedicated to providing financial education opportunities to our customers by providing the tools necessary to make wise financial decisions.

 

Current Interest Rate Environment

 

Net interest income represents a significant portion of our revenues.  For the year ended December 31, 2018, net interest income was $180.4 million, an increase of $10.5 million, or 6.2%, from the year ended December 31, 2017.  The increase in net interest income was primarily due to an increase in yields on the investment and loan portfolios following recent Federal Reserve Bank federal funds rate increases.  The Company also paid off $25.8 million of a higher cost trust preferred debenture during the first quarter of 2018.  Our net interest margin increased to 3.29% for the year ended December 31, 2018, from 3.12% for 2017.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, the net interest margin was positively impacted by nine basis points due to loan prepayments compared to a seven basis points positive impact during the year ended December 31, 2017.  Due to a slow-down in lending in our markets, the ratio of our total cash and cash equivalents and total investment securities to total assets increased to 27.3% as of December 31, 2018 compared to 24.6% as of December 31, 2017.  During 2018, our cash balances increased $294.9 million to $852.5 million.  Our loans-to-deposits ratio decreased to 93.3% at December 31, 2018 from 97.2% at December 31, 2017 due to continued loan prepayments and payoffs that outpaced our organic loan growth.  Net interest margin in future periods will be impacted by several factors such as, but not limited to, our ability to grow and retain low cost core deposits, the future interest rate environment, loan and investment prepayment rates, loan growth and changes in non-accrual loans.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

In the preparation of our consolidated financial statements, we have adopted various accounting policies that govern the application of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and that conform to general practices within the banking industry. Our significant accounting policies are described in note 3 to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report.

 

Certain accounting policies involve significant judgments and assumptions by us that have a material impact on the carrying value of certain assets and liabilities. We consider these accounting policies, which are discussed below, to be critical accounting policies. The judgments and assumptions we use are based on historical experience and other factors, which we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ from these judgments and estimates under different conditions, resulting in a change that could have a material impact on the carrying values of our assets and liabilities and our results of operations.

 

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Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses. We consider the allowance for loan and lease losses to be a critical accounting policy. The allowance for loan and lease losses is determined by management based upon portfolio segment, past experience, evaluation of estimated loss and impairment in the loan or lease portfolio, current economic conditions and other pertinent factors. Management also considers risk characteristics by portfolio segments including, but not limited to, renewals and real estate valuations. The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level that management considers adequate to provide for estimated losses and impairment based upon an evaluation of known and inherent risk in the loan portfolio. Loan impairment is evaluated based on the fair value of collateral or estimated net realizable value. While management uses the best information available to make such evaluations, future adjustments to the allowance may be necessary if economic conditions differ substantially from the assumptions used in making the evaluations.

 

The allowance for loan and lease losses is established through a provision for loan and lease losses charged to expense, which is based upon past loan loss experience and an evaluation of estimated losses in the current loan portfolio, including the evaluation of impaired loans. Determining the amount of the allowance for loan and lease losses necessarily involves a high degree of judgment. Among the material estimates required to establish the allowance are: overall economic conditions; value of collateral; strength of guarantors; loss exposure at default; the amount and timing of future cash flows on impaired loans; and determination of loss factors to be applied to the various elements of the portfolio. All of these estimates are susceptible to significant change. Management regularly reviews the level of loss experience, current economic conditions and other factors related to the collectability of the loan portfolio. Although we believe that we use the best information available to establish the allowance for loan and lease losses, future adjustments to the allowance may be necessary if economic conditions differ substantially from the assumptions used in making the evaluation. In addition, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review our allowance for loan losses. Such agencies may require us to recognize adjustments to the allowance based on judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination.

 

Our financial results are affected by the changes in and the level of the allowance for loan and lease losses. This process involves our analysis of complex internal and external variables, and it requires that we exercise judgment to estimate an appropriate allowance for loan losses. As a result of the uncertainty associated with this subjectivity, we cannot assure the precision of the amount reserved, should we experience sizeable loan or lease losses in any particular period. For example, changes in the financial condition of individual borrowers, economic conditions, or the condition of various markets in which collateral may be sold could require us to significantly decrease or increase the level of the allowance for loan and lease losses. Such an adjustment could materially affect net income as a result of the change in provision for credit losses. For example, a change in the estimate resulting in a 10% to 20% difference in the allowance would have resulted in an additional provision for credit losses of $4.3 million to $8.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. We also have approximately $30.5 million in non-performing assets consisting of non-performing loans and other real estate owned. Most of these assets are collateral dependent loans where we have incurred significant credit losses to write the assets down to their current appraised value less selling costs. We continue to assess the realizability of these loans and update our appraisals on these loans each year. To the extent the property values continue to decline, there could be additional losses on these non-performing assets which may be material. For example, a 10% decrease in the collateral value supporting the non-performing assets could result in additional credit losses of $3.0 million. In recent periods, we experienced improvement in our asset quality metrics including delinquencies, net charge-offs and non-performing assets.  Management considered market conditions in deriving the estimated allowance for loan losses; however, given the continued economic difficulties, the ultimate amount of loss could vary from that estimate.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13: Financial Instruments —Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. Topic 326 amends guidance on reporting credit losses for assets held at amortized cost basis and available for sale debt securities. For assets held at amortized cost basis, Topic 326 eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and, instead, requires an entity to reflect its current estimate of all expected credit losses. This update affects entities holding financial assets and net investment in leases that are not accounted for at fair value through net income. The amendments affect loans, debt securities, trade receivables, net investments in leases, off balance sheet credit exposures, reinsurance receivables, and any other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of this guidance but expects that the impact will likely be material to the consolidated financial statements.

 

For additional discussion related to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, see “—Risk Management—Analysis and Determination of the Allowance for Loan Losses” and the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report.

 

Income Taxes. We are subject to the income tax laws of the various jurisdictions where we conduct business and estimate income tax expense based on amounts expected to be owed to these various tax jurisdictions. The estimated income tax expense (benefit) is reported in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The evaluation pertaining to the tax expense and related tax asset and liability balances involves a high degree of judgment and subjectivity around the ultimate measurement and resolution of these matters.

 

Accrued taxes represent the net estimated amount due to or to be received from tax jurisdictions either currently or in the future and are reported in other assets on our consolidated statements of financial condition. We assess the appropriate tax treatment of transactions and filing positions after considering statutes, regulations, judicial precedent and other pertinent information and maintain tax accruals consistent with our evaluation. Changes in the estimate of accrued taxes occur periodically due to changes in tax rates, interpretations of tax laws, the status of examinations by the tax authorities and newly enacted statutory, judicial and regulatory guidance that could impact the relative merits of tax positions. These changes, when they occur, impact accrued taxes and can materially affect our operating results. We regularly evaluate our uncertain tax positions and estimate the appropriate level of reserves related to each of these positions.

 

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As of December 31, 2018, we had net deferred tax assets totaling $21.7 million. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. If currently available information raises doubt as to the realization of the deferred tax assets, a valuation allowance is established. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. We exercise significant judgment in evaluating the amount and timing of recognition of the resulting tax assets and liabilities. These judgments require us to make projections of future taxable income. Management believes, based upon current facts, that it is more likely than not that there will be sufficient taxable income in future years to realize the deferred tax assets.  The judgments and estimates we make in determining our deferred tax assets are inherently subjective and are reviewed on a continual basis as regulatory and business factors change. Any reduction in estimated future taxable income may require us to record a valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. A valuation allowance that results in additional income tax expense in the period in which it is recognized would negatively affect earnings. The Company currently maintains a valuation allowance for certain state net operating losses that management believes it is more likely than not that such deferred tax assets will not be realized. Therefore, no valuation allowance is deemed necessary against our remaining federal or remaining state deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2018. Our net deferred tax asset of $21.7 million was determined based on the current enacted federal tax rate of 21%.  Any possible future reduction in federal tax rates, would reduce the value of our net deferred tax assets and result in immediate write-down of the net deferred tax assets though our statement of operations, the effect of which would be material.

 

Balance Sheet Analysis

 

Total assets were $5.81 billion at December 31, 2018 consistent with the $5.80 billion of total assets at December 31, 2017.  Due to a slowdown in loan demand and maintaining our excess liquidity, we experienced a change in the mix of our balance sheet with the loan and investment securities portfolios decreasing and cash and cash equivalents increasing.  Cash and cash equivalents increased $294.9 million, or 52.9%, to $852.5 million at December 31, 2018, from $557.6 million at December 31, 2017.

 

Securities

 

Investments decreased $137.4 million, or 15.8%, to $733.4 million at December 31, 2018, compared to $870.8 million at December 31, 2017. We continue to focus on maintaining a high-quality investment portfolio that provides a steady stream of cash flows both in the current and in rising interest rate environments.

 

At December 31, 2018, our investment portfolio, excluding Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) stock, was $710.2 million, or 12.2% of total assets.  At December 31, 2018, 87.7% of the investment portfolio was comprised of mortgage-backed securities issued by Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae and the Government National Mortgage Association (“Ginnie Mae”), including collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMO”) securities issued by Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae, and the Ginnie Mae. At December 31, 2018, our investment portfolio also included 0.3% of municipal bonds, 3.3% of corporate bonds and 0.4% of government-sponsored enterprise (“GSE”) notes. The remaining 8.3% of our investment portfolio consisted of foreign bonds, mutual funds and money market funds.

 

In order to mitigate the credit risk related to the Company’s held-to-maturity and available-for-sale portfolios, the Company monitors the ratings of its securities. As of December 31, 2018, approximately 92.9% of the Company’s portfolio consisted of direct government obligations, government sponsored enterprise obligations or securities rated AAA by Moody’s and/or S&P. In addition, at December 31, 2018, approximately 3.8% of the investment portfolio was non-agency securities, rated below AAA but rated investment grade by Moody’s, S&P and/or Kroll and approximately 3.3% of the investment portfolio was not rated. Securities not rated consist primarily of private placement municipal bonds, FHLB stock and mutual funds.

 

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The following table sets forth the cost and fair value of investment securities at December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016.

 

 

 

2018

 

2017

 

2016

 

December 31,
(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Fair
Value

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Fair
Value

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Fair
Value

 

Securities available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GSE and agency notes

 

$

2,772

 

$

2,717

 

$

3,488

 

$

3,453

 

$

4,649

 

$

4,659

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ginnie Mae guaranteed mortgage certificate

 

2,288

 

2,363

 

2,980

 

3,088

 

3,734

 

3,868

 

GSE mortgage-backed securities

 

191,580

 

190,105

 

245,926

 

246,140

 

374,593

 

376,534

 

Collateralized mortgage obligations

 

8,559

 

8,443

 

14,910

 

14,774

 

22,920

 

22,681

 

Total mortgage-backed securities

 

202,427

 

200,911

 

263,816

 

264,002

 

401,247

 

403,083

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Municipal and other bonds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Municipal bonds

 

1,815

 

1,849

 

1,792

 

1,866

 

2,320

 

2,402

 

Corporate securities

 

23,490

 

23,492

 

23,489

 

24,083

 

19,487

 

19,457

 

Total municipal and other bonds

 

25,305

 

25,341

 

25,281

 

25,949

 

21,807

 

21,859

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity Securities

 

 

 

250

 

410

 

 

 

Money market and mutual funds

 

56,658

 

56,653

 

16,498

 

16,494

 

21,952

 

21,943

 

Total securities available-for-sale

 

287,162

 

285,622

 

309,333

 

310,308

 

449,655

 

451,544

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities held-to-maturity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GSE mortgage-backed securities

 

371,059

 

362,130

 

472,259

 

469,268

 

569,319

 

564,647

 

Collateralized mortgage obligations

 

51,132

 

49,919

 

63,038

 

62,096

 

30,580

 

30,422

 

Total mortgage-backed securities

 

422,191

 

412,049

 

535,297

 

531,364

 

599,899

 

595,069

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Municipal bonds

 

380

 

397

 

505

 

537

 

630

 

680

 

Foreign bonds

 

2,000

 

2,005

 

1,500

 

1,524

 

2,000

 

2,036

 

Total municipal and other bonds

 

2,380

 

2,402

 

2,055

 

2,061

 

2,630

 

2,716

 

Total securities held-to-maturity

 

424,571

 

414,451

 

537,302

 

533,425

 

602,529

 

597,785

 

Total investment securities

 

$

711,733

 

$

700,073

 

$

846,635

 

$

843,733

 

$

1,052,184

 

$

1,049,329

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities are a type of asset-backed security that is secured by a mortgage, or a collection of mortgages. These securities usually pay periodic payments that are similar to coupon payments. Furthermore, the mortgage must have originated from regulated and authorized financial institutions. The contractual cash flows of investments in government sponsored enterprises’ mortgage-backed securities are debt obligations of Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, both of which are currently under the conservatorship of the Federal Housing Finance Agency. The cash flows related to Ginnie Mae securities are direct obligations of the U.S. Government. Mortgage-backed securities are also known as mortgage pass-throughs. CMOs are a type of mortgage-backed security that create separate pools of pass-through rates for different classes of bondholders with varying cash flow structures, called tranches. The repayments from the pool of pass-through securities are used to retire the bonds in the order specified by the bonds’ prospectuses. At December 31, 2018, we had no investments in a single company or entity (other than United States government sponsored enterprise securities) that had an aggregate book value in excess of 10% of our equity.

 

At December 31, 2018, December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, securities totaling $598.7 million, $634.4 million and $623.4 million, respectively, were in an unrealized loss position and the unrealized losses on these securities totaled $13.2 million, $7.0 million and $9.3 million, respectively.  At December 31, 2018 and 2017, the unrealized losses in the portfolio were mainly attributed to GSE mortgage-backed securities and CMOs. The unrealized losses are due to current interest rate levels relative to our cost and not credit quality. As we do not intend to sell the investments, and it is not likely we will be required to sell the investments before recovery, we do not consider the investments to be other than temporarily impaired at December 31, 2018. During the years ended December 31, 2018, and 2017, we did not record any impairment charges for securities.

 

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The following table sets forth the stated maturities and weighted average yields of investment securities at December 31, 2018. Certain securities have adjustable interest rates and may reprice monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually within the various maturity ranges. Mutual funds, money market funds and equities are not included in the table based on lack of a maturity date.

 

 

 

One Year or Less

 

More than One Year to
 Five Years

 

More than Five Years to
Ten Years

 

More than Ten Years

 

Total

 

December 31, 2018
(Dollars in thousands)

 

Carrying
Value

 

Weighted
Average
Yield

 

Carrying
Value

 

Weighted
Average
 Yield

 

Carrying
 Value

 

Weighted
Average
Yield

 

Carrying
Value

 

Weighted
Average
Yield

 

Carrying
Value

 

Weighted
Average
 Yield

 

Securities available-for-sale:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GSE and agency notes

 

$

 

%

$

2,717

 

1.9

%

$

 

%

$

 

%

$

2,717

 

1.9

%

Mortgage-backed securities & CMOs

 

28,478

 

1.6

 

53,338

 

2.5

 

108,305

 

2.6

 

10,790

 

4.2

 

200,911

 

2.5

 

Municipal bonds

 

 

 

1,849

 

4.0

 

 

 

 

 

1,849

 

4.0

 

Corporates

 

 

 

 

 

23,492

 

4.6

 

 

 

23,492

 

4.6

 

Total available-for-sale

 

28,478

 

1.6

 

57,904

 

2.5

 

131,797

 

3.0

 

10,790

 

4.2

 

228,969

 

2.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Securities held to maturity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities & CMOs

 

4,261

 

2.0

 

63,991

 

2.2

 

81,109

 

2.5

 

272,830

 

2.7

 

422,191

 

2.6

 

Foreign bonds

 

 

 

2,000

 

3.2

 

 

 

 

 

2,000

 

3.2

 

Municipal bonds

 

125

 

5.3

 

255

 

5.8

 

 

 

 

 

380

 

5.7

 

Total held to maturity

 

4,386

 

2.1

 

66,246

 

2.2

 

81,109

 

2.5

 

272,830

 

2.7

 

424,571

 

2.6

 

Total

 

$

32,864

 

1.6

 

$

124,150

 

2.4

 

$

212,906

 

2.8

 

$

283,620

 

2.7

 

$

653,540

 

2.6

 

 

Loans

 

Loans decreased $139.5 million, or 3.5%, to $3.89 billion at December 31, 2018, from $4.03 billion at December 31, 2017.  During the year ended December 31, 2018, our residential real estate portfolio increased $25.3 million, or 2.7%.  However, this growth was offset by a $54.7 million decrease in our total commercial portfolio and an $110.1 million decrease in our total consumer loan portfolio.  We continue to experience a number of large commercial loan payoffs as projects are completed and sold and financing is obtained from non-bank sources.  The decrease in our consumer loan portfolio was due primarily to a $63.1 million decrease in indirect auto loans resulting from our planned run-off of this portfolio segment.  As previously disclosed, we decided to exit the indirect auto lending business in the first quarter of 2017.

 

The following table shows the loan portfolio at the dates indicated:

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

December 31, 2018

 

Originated

 

Acquired Non-
Credit Impaired

 

Acquired
Credit
Impaired

 

Total

 

Commercial:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

$

1,441,279

 

$

99,597

 

$

726

 

$

1,541,602

 

Commercial business loans

 

543,230

 

71,475

 

451

 

615,156

 

Commercial small business leases

 

117,326

 

22,616

 

 

139,942

 

Commercial construction

 

188,510

 

 

 

188,510

 

Total commercial loans

 

2,290,345

 

193,688

 

1,177

 

2,485,210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

930,043

 

38,741

 

93

 

968,877

 

Total residential loans

 

930,043

 

38,741

 

93

 

968,877

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home equity & lines of credit

 

185,440

 

15,874

 

193

 

201,507

 

Personal

 

7,819

 

5,591

 

40

 

13,450

 

Education

 

131,012

 

 

 

131,012

 

Automobile

 

94,549

 

 

 

94,549

 

Total consumer loans

 

418,820

 

21,465

 

233

 

440,518

 

Total loans

 

3,639,208

 

253,894

 

1,503

 

3,894,605

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for losses

 

(43,262

)

 

 

(43,262

)

Loans, net

 

$

3,595,946

 

$

253,894

 

$

1,503

 

$

3,851,343

 

 

30


Table of Contents

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

December 31, 2017

 

 

Originated

 

Acquired Non-Credit Impaired

 

Acquired 
Credit 
Impaired

 

Total

 

Commercial:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

$

1,448,226

 

$

128,659

 

$

5,037

 

$

1,581,922

 

Commercial business loans

 

568,241

 

100,613

 

1,235

 

670,089

 

Commercial small business leases

 

92,632

 

48,622

 

 

141,254

 

Commercial construction

 

146,633

 

 

 

146,633

 

Total commercial loans

 

2,255,732

 

277,894

 

6,272

 

2,539,898

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

897,052

 

46,414

 

107

 

943,573

 

Total residential loans

 

897,052

 

46,414

 

107

 

943,573

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home equity & lines of credit

 

208,191

 

19,712

 

206

 

228,109

 

Personal

 

10,978

 

6,237

 

56

 

17,271

 

Education

 

147,582

 

 

 

147,582

 

Automobile

 

157,697

 

 

 

157,697

 

Total consumer loans

 

524,448

 

25,949

 

262

 

550,659

 

Total loans

 

3,677,232

 

350,257

 

6,641

 

4,034,130

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for losses

 

(43,267

)

 

 

(43,267

)

Loans, net

 

$

3,633,965

 

$

350,257

 

$

6,641

 

$

3,990,863

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

December 31, 2016

 

Originated

 

Acquired Non-Credit Impaired

 

Acquired 
Credit 
Impaired

 

Total

 

Commercial:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

$

1,218,431

 

$

164,569

 

$

5,396

 

$

1,388,396

 

Commercial business loans

 

563,047

 

125,915

 

5,284

 

694,246

 

Commercial small business leases

 

49,900

 

89,113

 

 

139,013

 

Commercial construction

 

224,731

 

101

 

 

224,832

 

Total commercial loans

 

2,056,109

 

379,698

 

10,680

 

2,446,487

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

835,896

 

58,053

 

525

 

894,474

 

Total residential loans

 

835,896

 

58,053

 

525

 

894,474

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home equity & lines of credit

 

223,060

 

25,477

 

416

 

248,953

 

Personal

 

14,458

 

7,263

 

142

 

21,863

 

Education

 

164,202

 

 

 

164,202

 

Automobile

 

234,584

 

5

 

 

234,589

 

Total consumer loans

 

636,304

 

32,745

 

558

 

669,607

 

Total loans

 

3,528,309

 

470,496

 

11,763

 

4,010,568

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for losses

 

(43,261

)

 

 

(43,261

)

Loans, net

 

$

3,485,048

 

$

470,496

 

$

11,763

 

$

3,967,307

 

 

31


 

Table of Contents

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

December 31, 2015

 

Originated

 

Acquired Non-Credit Impaired

 

Acquired 
Credit 
Impaired

 

Total

 

Commercial:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

$

954,689

 

$

16,397

 

$

 

$

971,086

 

Commercial business loans

 

492,865

 

3,448

 

 

496,313

 

Commercial construction

 

116,452

 

 

 

116,452

 

Total commercial loans

 

1,564,006

 

19,845

 

 

1,583,851

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential real estate

 

704,133

 

31,493

 

98

 

735,724

 

Total residential loans

 

704,133

 

31,493

 

98

 

735,724

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consumer loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Home equity & lines of credit

 

226,848

 

4,960

 

 

231,808

 

Personal

 

20,640

 

 

 

20,640

 

Education

 

181,646

 

 

 

181,646

 

Automobile

 

187,777

 

 

 

187,777

 

Total consumer loans

 

616,911

 

4,960

 

 

621,871

 

Total loans

 

2,885,050

 

56,298

 

98

 

2,941,446

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allowance for losses

 

(45,500

)

 

 

(45,500

)

Loans, net

 

$

2,839,550

 

$

56,298

 

$

98

 

$

2,895,946

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

December 31, 2014

 

Originated

 

Acquired Non-Credit Impaired

 

Acquired 
Credit 
Impaired

 

Total

 

Commercial:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

 

$

584,751

 

$

24,895

 

$

 

$

609,646

 

Commercial business loans

 

438,073

 

4,117

 

 

442,190

 

Commercial construction

 

69,083

 

 

57

 

69,140

 

Total commercial loans

 

1,091,907

 

29,012

 

57

 

1,120,976

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential: