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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2024
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM             TO
Commission file number: 001-38613
_________________________________________________________
Bionano Genomics, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 26-1756290
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
9540 Towne Centre Drive, Suite 100,
San Diego, CA
 
 
92121
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(858) 888-7600
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
_________________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.0001 par value per shareBNGOThe Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes  x No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  x   No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and ‘‘emerging growth company’’ in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
   Emerging growth company


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes   No x

As of May 6, 2024, the registrant had 66,856,804 shares of Common Stock ($0.0001 par value) outstanding.




BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$15,759,000 $17,948,000 
Investments12,561,000 48,823,000 
Accounts receivable, net8,313,000 9,319,000 
Inventory19,587,000 22,892,000 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets4,945,000 6,019,000 
Restricted investments
24,446,000 35,117,000 
Total current assets85,611,000 140,118,000 
Restricted cash400,000 400,000 
Property and equipment, net25,279,000 23,345,000 
Operating lease right-of-use assets4,870,000 5,633,000 
Finance lease right-of-use assets3,453,000 3,503,000 
Intangible assets, net31,734,000 33,974,000 
Other long-term assets6,648,000 7,431,000 
Total assets$157,995,000 $214,404,000 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable9,844,000 10,384,000 
Accrued expenses11,028,000 8,089,000 
Contract liabilities1,035,000 783,000 
Operating lease liability2,190,000 2,163,000 
Finance lease liability269,000 272,000 
Purchase option liability (at fair value)5,060,000 8,534,000 
Convertible notes payable (at fair value)29,080,000 69,803,000 
Total current liabilities58,506,000 100,028,000 
Operating lease liability, net of current portion2,755,000 3,590,000 
Finance lease liability, net of current portion3,575,000 3,585,000 
Contingent consideration
10,250,000 10,890,000 
Long-term contract liabilities138,000 154,000 
Total liabilities$75,224,000 $118,247,000 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023; no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
  
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 400,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023; 57,539,000 and 45,752,000 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
6,000 5,000 
Additional paid-in capital695,411,000 677,337,000 
Accumulated deficit(612,630,000)(581,208,000)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(16,000)23,000 
Total stockholders’ equity$82,771,000 $96,157,000 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$157,995,000 $214,404,000 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
3

BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Revenue:  
Product revenue$6,828,000 $5,447,000 
Service and other revenue1,941,000 1,968,000 
Total revenue8,769,000 7,415,000 
Cost of revenue:
Cost of product revenue4,904,000 3,858,000 
Cost of service and other revenue1,041,000 1,487,000 
Total cost of revenue5,945,000 5,345,000 
Operating expenses:
Research and development9,779,000 13,937,000 
Selling, general and administrative19,536,000 25,976,000 
Restructuring costs
4,632,000  
Total operating expenses33,947,000 39,913,000 
Loss from operations(31,123,000)(37,843,000)
Other income (expense):
Interest income1,044,000 704,000 
Interest expense(122,000)(76,000)
Other income (expense)(1,239,000)117,000 
Total other income (expense)(317,000)745,000 
Loss before income taxes(31,440,000)(37,098,000)
Benefit (provision) for income taxes18,000 (26,000)
Net loss$(31,422,000)$(37,124,000)
Net loss per share, basic and diluted$(0.60)$(1.23)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding basic and diluted52,739,000 30,205,000 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Net loss:$(31,422,000)$(37,124,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Unrealized gain (loss) on investment securities
(13,000)423,000 
Foreign currency translation adjustments (26,000)36,000 
Other comprehensive income (loss)$(39,000)$459,000 
Total comprehensive loss$(31,461,000)$(36,665,000)
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(Unaudited)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Deficit
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
SharesAmount
Balance at January 1, 202329,718,000 $3,000 $599,234,000 $(348,715,000)$(1,124,000)$249,398,000 
Stock option exercises4,000 — 23,000 — — 23,000 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,882,000 — — 3,882,000 
Issue common stock, net of issuance costs950,000 — 14,848,000 — — 14,848,000 
Issuance of common stock due to the vesting of restricted stock units, net of shares withheld to cover taxes7,000 — — — — — 
Net loss— — — (37,124,000)— (37,124,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — 459,000 459,000 
Balance at March 31, 202330,679,000 $3,000 $617,987,000 $(385,839,000)$(665,000)$231,486,000 
Balance at January 1, 2024
45,752,000 $5,000 $677,337,000 $(581,208,000)$23,000 $96,157,000 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 3,015,000 — — 3,015,000 
Issue common stock, net of issuance costs11,787,000 1,000 15,059,000 — — 15,060,000 
Net loss— — (31,422,000)— (31,422,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
— — (39,000)(39,000)
Balance at March 31, 2024
57,539,000 $6,000 $695,411,000 $(612,630,000)$(16,000)$82,771,000 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
6

BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Operating activities:  
Net loss$(31,422,000)$(37,124,000)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization expense3,007,000 3,190,000 
Amortization of financing lease right-of-use asset51,000 51,000 
Amortization (accretion) of interest on securities(694,000)(82,000)
Non-cash lease expense27,000 113,000 
Gain on lease modification(73,000) 
Net realized loss (gain) on investments2,000 7,000 
Stock-based compensation3,015,000 3,882,000 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration(640,000)789,000 
Change in fair value of convertible notes payable and option liability(7,534,000) 
Loss on intangible asset impairment448,000  
Loss on property and equipment disposal
284,000  
Cost of leased equipment sold to customer98,000 88,000 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable1,004,000 242,000 
Inventory(200,000)(5,707,000)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,073,000 471,000 
Other assets786,000 (372,000)
Accounts payable(537,000)3,017,000 
Accrued expenses and contract liabilities3,174,000 (978,000)
Net cash used in operating activities(28,131,000)(32,413,000)
Investing Activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(26,000)(360,000)
Purchase of available for sale securities(110,557,000) 
Sale and maturity of available for sale securities158,169,000 16,888,000 
Net cash provided by investing activities47,586,000 16,528,000 
Financing activities:
Principal payments on financing lease liability(13,000)(10,000)
Proceeds from sale of common stock15,445,000 15,229,000 
Offering expenses on sale of common stock(386,000)(380,000)
Payments on convertible notes payable
(36,664,000) 
Proceeds from warrant and option exercises 23,000 
Net cash (used in)/provided by financing activities
(21,618,000)14,862,000 
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(26,000)36,000 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(2,189,000)(987,000)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period18,348,000 5,491,000 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$16,159,000 $4,504,000 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total amounts reported on the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows
Cash and cash equivalents15,759,000 4,104,000 
Restricted cash400,000 400,000 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$16,159,000 $4,504,000 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
7

Cash paid for interest$5,620,000 $76,000 
Cash paid for operating lease liabilities $669,000 $644,000 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Transfer of instruments and servers from inventory to property and equipment, net$3,505,000 $2,356,000 
Property and equipment included in accounts payable$ $230,000 
Notes payable issuance costs in accounts payable$44,000 $ 
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements
8

BIONANO GENOMICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. Organization and Basis of Presentation
Description of Business
Bionano Genomics, Inc. (collectively, with its consolidated subsidiaries, the “Company”) is a provider of genome analysis solutions that can enable researchers and clinicians to reveal answers to challenging questions in biology and medicine. The Company offers optical genome mapping (“OGM”) solutions for applications across basic, translational and clinical research, and for other applications including bioprocessing. Through its Lineagen, Inc. (doing business as Bionano Laboratories, “Bionano Laboratories”) business, the Company also provides diagnostic testing for patients with clinical presentations consistent with autism spectrum disorder and other neurodevelopmental disabilities. Through its BioDiscovery, LLC (“BioDiscovery”) business, the Company also offers platform-agnostic software solution, which integrates next-generation sequencing and microarray data designed to provide analysis, visualization, interpretation and reporting of copy number variants, single-nucleotide variants and absence of heterozygosity across the genome in one consolidated view. Through our Purigen Biosystems Inc. (“Purigen”) business, we offer nucleic acid extraction and purification solutions using proprietary isotachophoresis (“ITP”) technology.
Reverse Stock Split
On August 4, 2023, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware to effect a reverse stock split of all issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock at a ratio of 1-for-10. The reverse stock split did not change the par value or the authorized number of shares of the Company’s common stock. The accompanying consolidated financial statements and notes to the consolidated financial statements present the retroactive effect of the reverse stock split on the Company’s common stock and per share amounts for all periods presented.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying financial information has been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim reporting purposes. The condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect, in the opinion of the Company’s management, all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations, changes in equity, and comprehensive loss and cash flows for each period presented in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”). All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated. The operating results presented in these unaudited interim condensed financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future periods. These interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Liquidity and Going Concern
The Company has experienced recurring net losses from operations, negative cash flows from operating activities, and accumulated deficit since its inception and expects to continue to incur net losses into the foreseeable future. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had approximately $15.8 million in cash and cash equivalents, $12.6 million in short term investments and $24.8 million in restricted cash and cash equivalents and restricted short-term investments. The amount we are required to hold as restricted cash and cash investments and restricted short-term investments is reduced as the outstanding principal amount of the Notes is paid.
The Company has an accumulated deficit of $612.6 million as of March 31, 2024. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company used $28.1 million cash in operations.
As of March 31, 2024, the Company reported $29.1 million of Notes as defined in Note 5 (High Trail Agreement) at fair value, which are classified as current. At the holder’s option, as of March 31, 2024, the Company may be required to redeem the $24.3 million outstanding principal amount of the Notes at a redemption price of 115% of the principal amount (the “Repayment Price”) or $28.0 million in 2024. Additionally, the Company will be required to pay a retirement fee to the holder based on amounts redeemed when the outstanding balance is paid in full, which as of March 31, 2024, was estimated at $2.2 million assuming full redemption and no further conversions.
Management expects operating losses and negative cash flows to continue for at least the next year as the Company continues to incur costs related to product development and commercialization efforts. Management has prepared cash flows forecasts which indicate that based on the Company’s expected operating losses and negative cash flows, there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within twelve months after the date that the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2024, are issued. Management’s ability to continue as a
9

going concern is dependent upon its ability to raise additional funding. Management’s plans to raise additional capital to fulfill its operating and capital requirements for at least 12 months include public or private equity or debt financings. However, the Company may not be able to secure such financing in a timely manner or on favorable terms, if at all.
Furthermore, if the Company issues equity securities to raise additional funds, its existing stockholders may experience dilution, and the new equity securities may have rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of the Company’s existing stockholders.
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business, and do not include any adjustments to reflect the outcome of this uncertainty.
Significant Accounting Policies
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, there were no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Restructuring
The Company’s restructuring expense consists primarily of actions taken in May and October 2023 and March 2024 in order to reduce costs and improve operations and manufacturing efficiency. Severance-related costs were accounted for as a one-time termination benefit communicated by period end without an additional service component, so the charge represents the total amount expected to be incurred. As a result of reducing facility costs and discretionary spending unrelated to headcount and combined with the cost savings from the reduction in force the Company initiated in May and October 2023 and March 2024, such plans are intended to decrease expenses and maintain a streamlined organization to support its business.
In connection with the Company’s restructuring initiatives, the Company entered into a lease termination agreement on February 28, 2024 with the landlord for the facility in Salt Lake City that will result in a one-time termination fee in the third quarter of 2024. The Company will continue to lease the property through June 2024. The Company accounted for the lease amendment as a lease modification as of March 31, 2024. See Note 7 (Commitments and Contingencies) for additional information.
On March 1, 2024, the Board of Directors approved a cost savings plan, including a reduction in force, that it expects to reduce its annualized operating expenses. This cost savings plan is incremental to the reductions in force in May and October 2023 (the “2023 Workforce Reduction”). As part of the plan, the Company plans to reduce its overall headcount by approximately 120 employees. The Company expects to substantially complete the reduction in force by June 30, 2024. In addition, Bionano Laboratories will phase out over time the offering of certain testing services related to neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders, and other disorders of childhood development. As of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements the Company has not yet ceased offering the above referenced services. The estimates of costs and expenses that the Company expects to incur in connection with the reduction in force are subject to a number of assumptions and actual results may differ materially. The Company may also incur additional costs not currently contemplated due to events that may occur as a result of, or that are associated with, the reduction in force. See Note 7 (Commitments and Contingencies) for additional information.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets (including Finite-Lived Intangible Assets)
Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment if indicators of potential impairment exist. If the Company identifies a change in the circumstances related to its long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangible assets (other than goodwill), that indicates the carrying value of any such asset may not be recoverable, the Company will perform an impairment analysis. A long-lived asset (other than goodwill) is not recoverable when the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset (or asset group) are less than the asset’s carrying amount. Any required impairment loss would be measured as the amount by which the asset’s carrying value exceeds its fair value, and would be recorded as a reduction in the carrying value of the related asset and a charge to operating expense.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, the Company experienced a triggering event as a result of the restructuring initiatives that required an evaluation of our non-OGM Bionano Laboratories asset group for impairment. The Company performed a recoverability test and concluded that the long-lived assets were not recoverable; therefore, the Company measured the impairment loss and fully impaired the intangible assets acquired through the acquisition of Lineagen, consisting of its trade
10

name and customer relationship intangible assets. The Company recognized an impairment loss of $0.4 million as of March 31, 2024. No impairment losses were recorded during the same period in 2023.
Inventories
The Company reviews its inventories for classification purposes. The value of inventories not expected to be realized in cash, sold or consumed during the next 12 months are classified as non-current within Other long-term assets. As of March 31, 2024, $4.2 million of inventories were included in Other long term assets.
Change in depreciable lives of property and equipment
The Company reviews the estimated useful life of its fixed assets on an ongoing basis. This review indicated that the actual lives of the Company’s Saphyr and Stratys instruments were longer than the estimated useful lives used for depreciation purposes in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. As a result, effective January 1, 2024, the Company changed its estimates of the useful lives of the Company’s Saphyr and Stratys instruments to better reflect the estimated period during which these assets will remain in service. The estimated useful lives of the Company’s Saphyr and Stratys instruments were increased from 5 to 7 years. The effect of this change in estimate reduced depreciation expense by $0.5 million.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, or other standard setting bodies. The Company believes that the impact of the recently issued accounting pronouncements that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial condition or results of operations upon adoption.
2. Net Loss Per Share
Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares and common share equivalents outstanding for the period. Common share equivalents are only included when their effect is dilutive. The Company’s potentially dilutive securities which include outstanding warrants to purchase stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance stock units (“PSUs”), and outstanding stock options under the Company’s equity incentive plans have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share as they would be anti-dilutive to the net loss per share. For all periods presented, there is no difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted shares outstanding because all potentially dilutive securities were anti-dilutive.
Potentially dilutive securities not included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders because to do so would be anti-dilutive are as follows (in common stock equivalent shares):
March 31,
2024
March 31,
2023
Stock options3,061,000 3,201,000 
Warrants21,696,000 436,000 
Convertible notes payable into common stock8,498,000  
RSUs184,000 246,000 
PSUs29,000 29,000 
Total33,468,000 3,912,000 
11

3. Revenue Recognition
Revenue by Source
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
Instruments$1,614,000 $1,896,000 
Consumables3,464,000 2,235,000 
Software1,750,000 1,316,000 
Total product revenue6,828,000 5,447,000 
Service and other1,941,000 1,968,000 
Total revenue$8,769,000 $7,415,000 
Revenue by Geographic Location
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
$%$%
Americas$4,690,000 53 %$3,444,000 47 %
EMEA3,133,000 36 %2,992,000 40 %
Asia Pacific946,000 11 %979,000 13 %
Total$8,769,000 100 %$7,415,000 100 %
The table above provides revenue from contracts with customers by source and geographic region (based on the customer’s billing address) on a disaggregated basis. Americas consists of North America and South America. EMEA consists of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. Asia Pacific includes China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, India and Australia.
For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, the United States represented 42.6% and 41.2% of total revenue, respectively. No other countries represented greater than 10% of revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.
Remaining Performance Obligations
As of March 31, 2024, the estimated revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied was approximately $1.2 million. These remaining performance obligations primarily relate to extended warranty, support and maintenance obligations, as well as obligations related to software under hosting arrangements. The Company expects to recognize approximately 78.5% of this amount as revenue during the remainder of 2024, 16.1% in 2025, and 5.4% in 2026 and thereafter. Warranty revenue is included in service and other revenue.
The Company recognized revenue of approximately $0.6 million and $0.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, which was included in the contract liability balance at the end of the previous year.
12

4. Balance Sheet Account Details
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Credit Losses
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
December 31,
2022
Accounts receivable, net:
Accounts receivable, trade$8,741,000 $9,802,000 $7,315,000 
Allowance for credit losses(428,000)(483,000)(293,000)
$8,313,000 $9,319,000 $7,022,000 
Changes to the allowance for credit losses during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:
Allowance for Credit Losses
Balance as of January 1, 2023$(293,000)
Provision for expected credit loss(5,000)
Write-offs
48,000 
Balance as of March 31, 2023
$(250,000)
Balance as of January 1, 2024
$(483,000)
Provision for expected credit loss 
Write-offs
55,000 
Balance as of March 31, 2024
$(428,000)
The Company’s adoption of ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, included an assessment of our aged trade receivables balances and their underlying credit risk characteristics. Our evaluation of past events, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts about the future resulted in an expectation of immaterial credit losses.
13

Inventory
The components of inventories are as follows:
 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Inventory:
Raw materials$7,706,000 $7,567,000 
   Work in process
7,969,000 9,790,000 
Finished goods8,127,000 10,245,000 
$23,802,000 $27,602,000 
Inventories current
$19,587,000 $22,892,000 
Inventories non-current (included in other long-term assets)
$4,215,000 $4,710,000 
Intangible Assets
Intangible assets that are subject to amortization consisted of the following for the periods presented:
March 31, 2024
December 31, 2023
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Trade name$2,000,000 $(758,000)$1,242,000 $2,630,000 $(1,078,000)$1,552,000 
Customer relationships3,200,000 (1,528,000)1,672,000 4,150,000 (2,002,000)2,148,000 
Developed technology41,600,000 (12,882,000)28,718,000 41,600,000 (11,428,000)30,172,000 
Intangibles, net$46,800,000 $(15,168,000)$31,632,000 $48,380,000 $(14,508,000)$33,872,000 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization totaled $0.1 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, and related to the Company’s domain name.
Accrued Expenses
Accrued expenses consist of the following:
March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Compensation expenses*
$8,761,000 $5,030,000 
Customer deposits17,000 17,000 
Taxes payable1,034,000 1,099,000 
Insurance 234,000 512,000 
Professional fees and royalties312,000 387,000 
Warranty liabilities213,000 391,000 
Accrued clinical study fees57,000 138,000 
Other400,000 515,000 
Total$11,028,000 $8,089,000 
*Compensation expenses include restructuring costs of $3.9 million incurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2024. Refer to Note 7 - Commitments and Contingencies.
14

5. High Trail Agreement
As of March 31, 2024, the Company had aggregate principal outstanding under the Notes of $24.3 million, reported at fair value of $29.1 million (refer to Note 8 (Investments and Fair Value Measurements), for fair value measurements and additional discussion) and broken out as follows:
Notes
Principal balance, December 31, 2023
$61,000,000 
Less:
Conversions
 
Partial redemption payments of principal
9,000,000 
Redemption payment of principal in connection with modification
27,663,000 
Notes principal balance, March 31, 2024
$24,337,000 
On January 1, 2024, and February 1, 2024, the holders redeemed an aggregate of $9.0 million of principal, at the Repayment Price of $10.4 million.
As of March 31, 2024, at the holder’s option, the Company may be required to make future aggregate redemptions at the repayment price of 115% as follows (unless earlier converted per the terms):
2024
$27,988,000 
Thereafter
 
Total
$27,988,000 
As of March 31, 2024, and assuming no future conversions, the Company would be required to pay a remaining retirement fee of $2.2 million, based on full redemption of principal.
Debt Financing Amendment
On February 27, 2024, the Company entered into a letter agreement (the “Letter Agreement”) and an Amendment to the Registered Note (the “Amendment”), with the purchaser of the senior secured convertible notes payable due 2025 (the “Registered Notes”) which provided for, among other things, the following:
Reduction (i) of the minimum liquidity covenant from $50.0 million, and (ii) of the restricted cash covenant from $35.0 million, in both cases, to the amount equal to the sum of (iii) the outstanding principal amount of the Registered Notes plus (iv) approximately $0.7 million, which will be further reduced as the remaining principal on the Registered Notes are retired;
Cancellation of the March 2024 partial redemption payment and delay of the April 2024 partial redemption payment to April 20, 2024;
Redemption of the outstanding $17.0 million balance of the senior secured convertible notes payable due 2025 initially issued in a concurrent private placement to the purchaser (the “Private Placement Notes” and together with the Registered Notes, the “Notes”) at a redemption price of 115% for a total redemption payment of approximately $19.6 million;
Redemption of approximately $10.7 million of the Registered Notes at a redemption price of 115% for a total redemption payment of approximately $12.3 million; and
Increase of $1.0 million to the Retirement Fee (as defined in the Notes) of the Private Placement Notes to $3.2 million paid concurrently with redemptions of the initial private placement note, which was recorded in other income (expense).
The Company accounted for the Amendment as a modification and therefore recorded no gain or loss. The terms of the new debt permitted the Company to prepay the debt in the same amount as the partial redemption payments at 115% of principal.
There was no modification made to the option to purchase additional convertible notes (“Purchase Option”) or Purchase Warrants (as defined in Note 6 (Stockholders’ Equity and Stock-Based Compensation)) issued in connection with the Notes.
On April 20, 2024, and May 1, 2024, the holders redeemed an aggregate of $9.0 million of principal, at the Repayment Price of $10.4 million.
15

6. Stockholders’ Equity and Stock-Based Compensation
Reverse Stock Split
On August 4, 2023, the Company completed a reverse stock split of its outstanding shares of common stock pursuant to which every 10 shares of issued and outstanding common stock were exchanged for one share of common stock. No fractional shares were issued in the reverse stock split. Instead, the Company paid cash (without interest) equal to such fraction multiplied by $5.90 per share (a price equal to the average of the closing sales prices of the common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market during regular trading hours for the five consecutive trading days immediately preceding August 4, with such average closing sales prices being adjusted to give effect to a Reverse Stock Split). All share and per share amounts included within these condensed consolidated financial statements have been retrospectively adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split.
Cowen At-the-Market Facility
On March 23, 2021, the Company entered into a Sales Agreement with Cowen and Company, LLC (“Cowen”) which provides for the sale, in the Company’s sole discretion, of shares of common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $350.0 million through or to Cowen, acting as sales agent or principal, which was amended on March 9, 2023 to decrease the maximum aggregate offering price to $200.0 million for sales made on and after the date of the amendment (the “Cowen ATM”). The Company agreed to pay Cowen a commission of up to 3.0% of the aggregate gross proceeds from each sale of shares, reimburse legal fees and disbursements and provide Cowen with customary indemnification and contribution rights. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company sold approximately 11.8 million shares of common stock under the Cowen ATM at an average share price of $1.31 per share, and received gross proceeds of approximately $15.4 million before deducting offering costs of $0.4 million.
Stock Warrants
A summary of the Company’s warrant activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was as follows:
Shares of Stock under WarrantsWeighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2024
21,696,000 $4.38 4.78$ 
Granted  — — 
Exercised  —  
Canceled  — — 
Outstanding at March 31, 2024
21,696,000 $4.38 4.54$ 
Stock Options
A summary of the Company’s stock option activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was as follows:   
Shares of Stock under Stock OptionsWeighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2024
3,268,000 $24.79 7.80$3,000 
Granted51,000 1.18 — 
Exercised  —  
Canceled(258,000)25.47 — 
Outstanding and expected to vest at March 31, 2024
3,061,000 $24.34 7.92$ 
Vested and exercisable at March 31, 2024
1,563,000 $29.48 7.34$ 
For the three months ended March 31, 2024, the weighted-average grant date fair value of stock options granted was $0.84 per share.
16

Stock-Based Compensation
The Company recognized stock-based compensation expense for the periods presented as follows: 
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Cost of product revenue$81,000 $102,000 
Cost of service and other revenue47,000 44,000 
Research and development1,171,000 1,357,000 
General and administrative1,716,000 2,379,000 
Total stock-based compensation expense$3,015,000 $3,882,000 
The weighted-average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of the employee stock option grants during the periods presented were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Risk-free interest rate4.0 %4.0 %
Expected volatility80.8 %72.7 %
Expected term (in years)6.16.0
Expected dividend yield0.0 %0.0 %

Restricted Stock Units and Performance Stock Units
The following table summarizes RSU activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024:
Stock UnitsWeighted- Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
Outstanding at January 1, 2024
239,000 $16.30 
Granted 
Released(48,000)16.30 
Forfeited(7,000)16.30 
Outstanding at March 31, 2024
184,000$16.30
The total fair value of the RSUs that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2024 was $0.8 million, determined as of the date of vesting. The weighted average remaining contractual term for the RSUs is 2.6 years as of March 31, 2024.
The following table summarizes PSU activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024:
Stock UnitsWeighted- Average Grant Date Fair Value per Share
Outstanding at January 1, 2024
29,000$47.4 
Granted
Released 
Forfeited
Outstanding at March 31, 2024
29,000$47.4
During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company reassessed the implicit service period on its performance-based stock units relative to specified revenue targets and determined that the performance conditions were met from an accounting perspective, but subject to certain certifications and approval from the Compensation Committee; therefore, the remaining
17

expense was accelerated as of December 31, 2023. As a result of the accelerated vesting terms, the weighted average remaining contractual term for the PSUs is 0 years as of March 31, 2024.
Executive Option Grants and RSUs
On February 15, 2023, the compensation committee of the Company’s board of directors granted various executive officers stock options to purchase an aggregate of 0.3 million shares of common stock at an exercise price of $16.30 per share, and RSUs amounting to 0.1 million shares of common stock at a grant date fair value of $16.30 per share, in each case with an effective grant date and vesting commencement date of February 15, 2023 (the “Grant Date”). These stock option grants and RSUs were issued from the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan. The shares subject to the option shall vest monthly over 48 months beginning on the one-month anniversary of the Grant Date, such that the option shall be fully vested and exercisable on the four-year anniversary of the Grant Date. The RSUs shall vest annually over four years beginning one year after the Grant Date, and the balance of the shares vest in a series of three successive equal annual installments measured from the first anniversary of the Grant Date, such that the RSU shall be fully vested on the four-year anniversary of the Grant Date.
Registered Direct Offering
On April 4, 2024, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional investors (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell, in a registered direct offering priced at-the-market consistent with the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market (the “Registered Direct Offering”): (i) an aggregate of 6.5 million shares of the Company’s common stock, (ii) pre-funded warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 2.2 million shares of common stock (the “Pre-Funded Warrants”), and (iii) warrants to purchase up to 8.7 million shares of common stock (the “Purchase Warrants”). The combined purchase price of each share of common stock and accompanying Warrant is $1.15 per share. The combined purchase price of each Pre-Funded Warrant and accompanying Warrant is $1.14 (equal to the combined purchase price per share of common stock and accompanying Warrant, minus $0.001). The gross proceeds to the Company from the Registered Direct Offering was $10.0 million. The Company received net proceeds of $9.3 million after deducting placement agent fees and other offering expenses of $0.7 million payable by the Company.
Each Warrant is exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $1.02 per share. The Purchase Warrants are immediately exercisable as of the date of issuance of April 8, 2024, and will expire on the five-year anniversary of the date of issuance. The Pre-Funded Warrants are offered in lieu of shares of common stock and provide that the holder may not exercise any portion of a Pre-Funded Warrant to the extent that immediately prior to or after giving effect to such exercise the holder would own more than 4.99% (or, at the election of the holder, 9.99%) of the Company’s outstanding common stock immediately following the consummation of the Registered Direct Offering. Each Pre-Funded Warrant is exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.001 per share. The Pre-Funded Warrants are immediately exercisable and were exercised in full at the time of closing.

7. Commitments and Contingencies
The Company has entered into various operating lease agreements and a finance lease agreement, primarily relating to our office, laboratory, and manufacturing space. See Note 11 – Commitments and Contingencies, subsection titled “Leases”, in Part II, Item 8 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for information regarding the Company’s lease agreements.
The future minimum payments under non-cancellable operating and finance leases as of March 31, 2024, are as follows:
Operating LeasesFinance Lease
Remainder of 2024
$2,085,000 $248,000 
2025
2,608,000 338,000 
2026
544,000 346,000 
2027
254,000 356,000 
2028
 365,000 
Thereafter 5,230,000 
Total future lease payments5,491,000 6,883,000 
Less: imputed interest(546,000)(3,039,000)
Total lease liabilities$4,945,000 $3,844,000 
18

Restructuring
In October, 2023, the Company committed to a series of cost saving initiatives including a reduction in force (the “Workforce Reduction”) and, as a result of reducing facility costs and discretionary spending unrelated to headcount and combined with the cost savings from the reduction in force the Company initiated in May 2023, such plan is intended to decrease expenses and maintain a streamlined organization to support its business. In connection with the Company’s restructuring initiatives, the Company entered into a lease termination agreement on February 28, 2024 with the landlord for the facility in Salt Lake City that will result in a one-time termination fee of approximately $0.2 million in the third quarter of 2024. The Company will continue to lease the property through June 2024. The Company accounted for the lease amendment as a lease modification as of March 31, 2024 and recorded a gain of $0.1 million
On March 1, 2024, the Board of Directors approved a cost savings plan, including a reduction in force, that it expects to reduce its annualized operating expenses. This cost savings plan is incremental to the 2023 Workforce Reduction. As part of the plan, the Company plans to reduce its overall headcount by approximately 120 employees. The Company expects to substantially complete the reduction in force by June 30, 2024. In addition, Bionano Laboratories will phase out over time the offering of certain testing services related to neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders, and other disorders of childhood development. As of the issuance date of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements we have not yet ceased offering the above-referenced services. The estimates of costs and expenses that the Company expects to incur in connection with the reduction in force are subject to a number of assumptions and actual results may differ materially. The Company may also incur additional costs not currently contemplated due to events that may occur as a result of, or that are associated with, the reduction in force.
The workforce reduction resulted in total restructuring charges of approximately $3.9 million, comprised primarily of severance payments and wages for the 60-day notice period in accordance with the California Worked Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act.
The following is a summary of restructuring charges associated with the reduction in force for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 including severance, impairment, and other exit related costs:
Severance
$3,874,000 
Lease related expenses
211,000 
Other
547,000 
Total restructuring charges including in operating expenses
$4,632,000 
COGS restructuring
$11,000 
Total restructuring charges
$4,643,000 

The following restructuring liability activity was recorded in connection with the reduction in force for the quarter ended March 31, 2024 including within accrued expenses on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements:
Accrued restructuring as of December 31, 2023
$83,000 
Restructuring charges incurred during the period
4,643,000 
Cash payments
 
Accrued restructuring as of March 31, 2024
$4,726,000 
Litigation
From time to time, the Company may be subject to potential liabilities under various claims and legal actions that are pending or may be asserted. These matters arise in the ordinary course and conduct of the business. The Company regularly assesses contingencies to determine the degree of probability and range of possible loss for potential accrual in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. An estimated loss contingency is accrued in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Based on the Company’s assessment, it currently does not have any material loss exposure as it is not a defendant in any claims or legal actions.
Contingent Consideration
See Note 8 (Investments and Fair Value Measurements) for a discussion of the contingent consideration liability.
8. Investments and Fair Value Measurements
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The Company holds investment securities that consist of highly liquid, investment grade debt securities. The Company determines the fair value of its investment securities based upon one or more valuations reported by its investment accounting and reporting service provider. The investment service provider values the securities using a hierarchical security pricing model that relies primarily on valuations provided by an industry-recognized valuation service. Such valuations may be based on trade prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 inputs) or valuation models using inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly (Level 2 inputs), such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, yield curves, volatility factors, credit spreads, default rates, loss severity, current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments or debt, and broker and dealer quotes, as well as other relevant economic measures.
The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
March 31, 2024
Total Fair Value and Carrying Value on Balance SheetFair Value Measurement Category
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
Commercial paper$1,198,000 $ $1,198,000 $ 
Corporate notes/bonds6,374,000  6,374,000  
U.S. treasuries
4,989,000  4,989,000  
Total investments:$12,561,000 $ $12,561,000 $ 
Money market funds$12,041,000 $12,041,000 $ $ 
Commercial paper classified as restricted investments
2,646,000  2,646,000  
U.S. treasuries classified as restricted investments
21,800,000  21,800,000  
Total restricted investments:
$24,446,000 $ $24,446,000 $ 
Liabilities:
Contingent consideration$10,250,000 $ $ $10,250,000 
Convertible notes payable$29,080,000 $ $ $29,080,000 
Purchase option liability$5,060,000 $ $ $5,060,000 
December 31, 2023
Total Fair Value and Carrying Value on Balance SheetFair Value Measurement Category
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Assets:
Corporate notes/bonds14,360,000  14,360,000  
U.S. treasuries34,463,000 34,463,000 
Total investments:$48,823,000 $ $48,823,000 $ 
Money market funds$9,752,000 $9,752,000 $ $ 
Commercial paper classified as restricted investments
5,432,000  5,432,000  
U.S. treasuries classified as restricted investments
29,685,000  29,685,000  
Total restricted investments:
$35,117,000 $ $35,117,000 $ 
Liabilities:
Contingent consideration$10,890,000 $ $ $10,890,000 
Convertible notes payable
$69,803,000 $ $ $69,803,000 
Purchase option liability
$8,534,000 $ $ $8,534,000 
Money Market Funds are classified as cash equivalents on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet.
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Contingent Consideration
Contingent consideration relates to the acquisitions of BioDiscovery and Purigen. The outcome of the milestone consideration for all contingent consideration liabilities is binary, meaning the milestones are either achieved or not achieved, and the only other variable factor is the timing of when the milestones are achieved. The fair value measurement of the contingent consideration liabilities is based on significant inputs not observed in the market (Level 3 inputs). These unobservable inputs represent a Level 3 measurement because they are supported by little or no market activity and reflect the Company’s assumptions in measuring fair value.
The fair value of the BioDiscovery contingent consideration liability is reassessed on a quarterly basis using a probability weighted model. Assumptions used to estimate the fair value of the contingent consideration related to the acquisition of BioDiscovery include the probability of achieving, or changes in timing of certain milestones, and a discount rate of 3%. The Company determined the fair value of the BioDiscovery milestone consideration using a scenario-based technique, as the trigger for payment is event driven. On October 2, 2023, the $10.0 million milestone consideration was paid in full. Any change in fair value of the contingent consideration during the prior years was due to the passage of time.
Contingent consideration liabilities related to the Purigen milestones are related to the achievement of two independent milestones with aggregate possible milestone payments totaling $32.0 million.
The fair value of the Purigen milestones are reassessed on a quarterly basis using a probability weighted model and a Monte Carlo Simulation. Assumptions used to estimate the fair value of the milestones using a probability weighted model include the probability of achieving independent milestones, anticipated payment date and a discount rate of 13.3% and 13.2% as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The Company determined the fair value of this milestone consideration using a scenario-based technique, as the trigger for payment is event driven. The Company determined the likelihood of each independent milestone and used probability factors ranging from 0% to 49% which were applied to the individual payments over the five year milestone term. The probability factors as of December 31, 2023 ranged from 9% to 49%. For one milestone, a Monte Carlo Simulation was performed to determine the likelihood that the milestone will be achieved to determine the milestone consideration payment. Assumptions include the projected units, revenue discount rates of 8% and 7% and discount rates of 13.3% and 13.2% as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The fair value of the Purigen contingent consideration as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 were $10.3 million and $10.9 million, respectively.
Convertible notes payable and purchase option liability
March 31, 2024
December 31, 2023
Expected volatility
82.60 %80.20 %
Risk-free interest rate
5.33 %4.92 %
Term to maturity (years)
0.420.80
Debt discount rate
17.10 %17.11 %
Equity discount rate
5.33 %4.92 %
The table above uses a weighted average of assumptions based on the fair value of the Notes.
The volatility is based on an analysis of the Company, the risk-free rate is based on US treasury yields, the equity discount rate is based on term-specific US treasury yields, and the debt discount rate is based on the Company’s credit rating.
In connection with the Notes, the Purchaser was granted an option which expires on the maturity date of the Notes to purchase up to an additional $25.0 million aggregate principal amount of private placement notes (the “Subsequently Purchased Notes”) and warrants (refer to Note 5 - High Trail Agreement). The estimated fair value of the Purchase Option as of the valuation date was assessed as the difference in the aggregate indicated value of the Subsequently Purchased Notes and the consideration to be paid upon exercising the option which was estimated to be $5.1 million and $8.5 million at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
The terms used to estimate the fair value of the Subsequently Purchased Notes and warrant underlying the Purchase Option liability (the “Subsequently Purchased Warrants”) are as follows:
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Subsequently Purchased Notes
Subsequently Purchased
Warrants
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
Expected volatility
81.50 %80.20 %75.80 %66.20 %
Risk-free interest rate
4.79 %4.46 %4.17 %3.80 %
Term to maturity (years)
1.421.505.005.00
Dividend yield
 % % % %
Exercise price
  $3.19$3.19
Debt discount rate
16.50 %16.60 % % %
Equity discount rate
4.79 %4.46 % % %
22

Changes in estimated fair value of contingent consideration liability, convertible notes payable and option liability in the three months ended March 31, 2024 are as follows:
Contingent
Consideration
Liability
(Level 3
Measurement)
Convertible
Notes Payable (Level 3 Measurement)
Option
Liability
(Level 3 Measurement)
Balance as of January 1, 2024
$10,890,000 $69,803,000 $8,534,000 
Issuance of convertible notes payable and option
— — — 
Change in estimated fair value, recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses(640,000)— — 
Changes in estimated fair value, recorded in other income (expense), net
— (4,060,000)(3,474,000)
Change in instrument specific credit risk recorded in OCI
— — — 
Conversions to common stock
— — — 
Cash payments or redemptions
— (36,663,000)— 
Balance as of March 31, 2024
$10,250,000 $29,080,000 $5,060,000 
Changes in estimated fair value of contingent consideration liability in the three months ended March 31, 2023 is as follows:
Contingent
Consideration
Liability
(Level 3
Measurement)
Balance as of January 1, 2023
$22,352,000 
Liability recorded as a result of current period acquisition 
Change in estimated fair value, recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses789,000 
Cash payments 
Balance as of March 31, 2023
$23,141,000 
Available for Sale Investments
The Company invests its excess cash in U.S. Treasury and agency securities, corporate debt securities, and commercial paper, which are classified as available-for-sale investments. These investments are carried at fair value and are included in the tables below. The Company records an allowance for credit losses when unrealized losses are due to credit-related factors. At each reporting date, the Company evaluates securities with unrealized losses to determine whether such losses, if any, are due to credit-related factors. The Company evaluates, among others, whether the Company has the intention to sell any of these investments and whether it is not more likely than not that the Company will be required to sell any of them before recovery of the amortized cost basis. Neither of these criteria were met in any period presented. The credit ratings of the securities held remain of the highest quality. Moreover, the Company continues to receive payments of interest and principal as they become due, and our expectation is that those payments will continue to be received timely. Based on this evaluation, as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company determined that unrealized losses of the below securities were primarily attributable to changes in interest rates and non-credit related factors. As such, no allowances for credit losses were recorded during these periods.
As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company held 20 and 15 securities, respectively, which have been in an unrealized loss position for a period of less than 12 months. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company held 0 and 2 securities, respectively, which have been in an unrealized loss position for a period of greater than 12 months.
23

Realized gains and losses are calculated using the specific identification method and recorded in other income (expense) in the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. The Company has the ability, if necessary, to liquidate any of its cash equivalents and marketable securities to meet its liquidity needs in the next 12 months.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, the Company sold 6 of its available for sale securities and received proceeds of $21.5 million. During the quarter ended March 31, 2024, the Company recognized a loss of $0.001 million in other income relating to the maturity of its securities. Amounts are reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings using the specific identification method.
Interest receivable as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively, and is recorded as a component of prepaid expenses and other current assets on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.
As of March 31, 2024, the following table summarizes the amortized cost and the unrealized gains (losses) of the available for sale securities presented within investments:
Remaining Contractual Maturity (in years)Amortized CostUnrealized GainsUnrealized LossesAggregate Estimated Fair Value
Commercial paperLess than 1$1,199,000 $ $(1,000)$1,198,000 
Corporate notes/bondsLess than 16,374,000   6,374,000 
U.S. treasuries
Less than 14,989,000   4,989,000 
Total maturity less than 1 year$12,562,000 $ $(1,000)$12,561,000 
As of March 31, 2024, the following table summarizes the amortized cost and the unrealized gains (losses) of the available for sale securities listed as restricted investments:
Remaining Contractual Maturity (in years)Amortized CostUnrealized GainsUnrealized LossesAggregate Estimated Fair Value
Commercial paperLess than 1$2,650,000 $ $(4,000)$2,646,000 
U.S. treasuries
Less than 121,813,000  (13,000)21,800,000 
Total maturity less than 1 year$24,463,000 $ $(17,000)$24,446,000 
As of December 31, 2023, the following table summarizes the amortized cost and the unrealized gains (losses) of the available for sale securities presented within investments:
Remaining Contractual Maturity (in years)Amortized CostUnrealized GainsUnrealized LossesAggregate Estimated Fair Value
Corporate notes/bondsLess than 1$14,369,000 $ $(9,000)$14,360,000 
U.S. treasuries
Less than 134,459,000 4,000  34,463,000 
Total maturity less than 1 year$48,828,000 $4,000 $(9,000)$48,823,000 
As of December 31, 2023, the following table summarizes the amortized cost and the unrealized gains (losses) of the available for sale securities listed as restricted investments:
Remaining Contractual Maturity (in years)Amortized CostUnrealized GainsUnrealized LossesAggregate Estimated Fair Value
Commercial paperLess than 1$5,435,000 $ $(3,000)$5,432,000 
U.S. treasuries
Less than 129,682,000 5,000 (2,000)29,685,000 
Total maturity less than 1 year$35,117,000 $5,000 $(5,000)$35,117,000 

As of March 31, 2024, the following table summarizes available-for-sale securities in an unrealized loss position:
24

Less Than 12 Months12 Months or GreaterTotal
Fair Value
Gross Unrealized Loss
Fair Value
Gross Unrealized Loss
Fair Value
Gross Unrealized Loss
Commercial paper$1,198,000 $(1,000)$ $ $1,198,000 $(1,000)
Corporate Notes/Bonds6,374,000    6,374,000  
U.S. treasuries
4,989,000    4,989,000  
Total$12,561,000 $(1,000)$ $ $12,561,000 $(1,000)
As of March 31, 2024, the following table summarizes available-for-sale securities listed as restricted investments in an unrealized loss position:
Less Than 12 Months12 Months or GreaterTotal
Fair Value
Gross Unrealized Loss