ýANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number 001-07172
BRT APARTMENTS CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
60 Cutter Mill Road, Great Neck, New York
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Name of each exchange on which registered
Shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No ý
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No ý
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer. or a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2). Yes o No ý
The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $92.1 million based on the last sale price of the common equity on March 31, 2018, which is the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second quarter.
As of December 1, 2018, the registrant had 15,754,270 shares of common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the proxy statement for the annual meeting of stockholders of BRT Apartments Corp. to be filed not later than January 28, 2019 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.
Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, all references to (i) “us”, “we”, “BRT” or the “Company” refer (a) from and after the conversion described herein, to BRT Apartments Corp. and its consolidated subsidiaries and (b) prior to the conversion, to the predecessor BRT Realty Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries, (ii)“common stock” or “shares” refer (a) from and after the conversion, to common stock and (b) prior to the conversion, shares of beneficial interests, (iii) a year (e.g., 2018) refers to the applicable fiscal year ended September 30th, (iv) the sale of properties includes the sale, in 2016, of our partnership interest in a venture that owned Village Green, a Little Rock, AK multi-family property, (v) information regarding properties owned by unconsolidated joint ventures is separately described and is not included with information regarding our consolidated joint ventures; (vi) all interest rates give effect to the related interest rate derivative, if any; (vii) units under rehabilitation for which we have received or accrued rental income from business interruption insurance, while not physically occupied, are treated as leased (i.e., occupied) at rental rates in effect at the time of the casualty, and (viii) "same store properties" refer to properties that we owned and operated for the entirety of both periods being compared, except for properties that are under construction, in lease-up, or are are undergoing development or redevelopment. We move properties previously excluded from our same store portfolio (because they were under construction, in lease up or are in development or redevelopment) into the same store designation once they have stabilized (as described below) and such status has been reflected fully in all quarters during the applicable periods of comparison. Newly constructed, lease-up, development and redevelopment properties are deemed stabilized upon attainment of at least 90% physical occupancy. Our multi-family property Retreat at Cinco Ranch-Katy, Texas, is not included as a stabilized property because of the damage it suffered in August 2017 as a result of Hurricane Harvey.
This Annual Report on Form 10-K, together with other statements and information publicly disseminated by us, contains certain forward looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and include this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends concerning matters that are not historical facts. Forward looking statements are generally identifiable by use of words such as "may," "will," "will likely result," "shall," "should," "could," "believe," "expect," "intend," "anticipate," "estimate," "project" or similar expressions or variations thereof.
Forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10- K are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance taking into account all information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or within our control, and which could materially affect actual results, performance or achievements. Factors which may cause actual results to vary from our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:
•general economic and business conditions, including those currently affecting our nation’s economy and real estate markets;
•the availability of, and costs associated with, sources of capital and liquidity;
•accessibility of debt and equity capital markets;
•general and local real estate conditions, including any changes in the value of our real estate;
•changes in Federal, state and local governmental laws and regulations, including laws and regulations relating to taxes and real estate and related investments;
•the level and volatility of interest rates;
•our acquisition strategy, which may not produce the cash flows or income expected;
•the competitive environment in which we operate, including competition that could adversely affect our ability to acquire properties and/or limit our ability to lease apartments or increase or maintain rental income;
•a limited number of multi-family property acquisition opportunities acceptable to us;
•our multi-family properties are concentrated in the Southeastern United States and Texas, which makes us more susceptible to adverse developments in those markets;
•risks associated with our strategy of acquiring value-add multi-family properties, which involves greater risks than more conservative strategies;
•the condition of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which could adversely impact us;
•our failure to comply with laws, including those requiring access to our properties by disabled persons, which could result in substantial costs;
•insufficient cash flows, which could limit our ability to make required payments on our debt obligations;
•impairment in the value of real estate we own;
•failure of property managers to properly manage properties;
•disagreements with, or misconduct by, joint venture partners;
•decreased rental rates or increasing vacancy rates;
•our ability to lease units in newly acquired or newly constructed multi-family properties;
•potential defaults on or non-renewal of leases by tenants;
•creditworthiness of tenants;
•our ability to obtain financing for acquisitions;
•development and acquisition risks, including rising or unanticipated costs and failure of such acquisitions and developments to perform in accordance with projections;
•the timing of acquisitions and dispositions;
•our ability to reinvest the net proceeds of dispositions into more, or as favorable, acquisition opportunities;
•potential natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes and floods;
•board determinations as to timing and payment of dividends, if any, and our ability or willingness to pay future dividends;
•financing risks, including the risks that our cash flows from operations may be insufficient to meet required debt service obligations and we may be unable to refinance our existing debt upon maturity or obtain new financing on attractive terms or at all;
•lack of or insufficient amounts of insurance to cover, among other things, losses from catastrophes;
•our ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT;
•possible environmental liabilities, including costs, fines or penalties that may be incurred due to necessary remediation of contamination of properties presently owned or previously owned by us or a subsidiary owned by us or acquired by us;
•our dependence on information systems;
•risks associated with breaches of our data security;
•risks associated with the stock ownership restrictions of the Code for REITs and the stock ownership limit imposed by our charter;
•increases in real estate taxes at properties we acquire due to such acquisitions or other factors; and
•the other factors described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including those set forth under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Business."
We caution you not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Except to the extent otherwise required by applicable law or regulation, we undertake no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of the filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
We are an internally managed real estate investment trust, also known as a REIT, that is primarily focused on the ownership, operation and development of multi-family properties. Generally, these properties are owned by consolidated joint ventures in which we contributed 65% to 80% of the equity. At September 30, 2018, we: (i) own 36 multi-family properties located in eleven states with an aggregate of 10,121 units (including 402 units at a development property) and a carrying value of $1.0 billion; and (ii) have ownership interests, through unconsolidated entities, in three multi-family properties located in two states with an aggregate of 1,026 units (including 339 units at a development property), and a carrying value of $20.1 million. Most of our properties are located in the Southeast United States and Texas.
BRT Apartments Corp. is the successor to BRT Realty Trust pursuant to the conversion, which we refer to as the "conversion", of BRT Realty Trust from a Massachusetts business trust to a Maryland corporation on March 18, 2017. Our address is 60 Cutter Mill Road, Suite 303, Great Neck, New York 11021, telephone number 516-466-3100. Our website can be accessed at www.brtapartments.com, where copies of our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, can be obtained free of charge.
2018 Highlights and Recent Developments
During 2018, we:
•acquired six multi-family properties with 1,921 units, for a purchase price of $230.3 million, including mortgage debt of $164.3 million and $50 million of our equity - we refer to these six properties as the "2018 Acquisitions";
•sold three multi-family properties with an aggregate of 1,368 units, which we refer to as the 2018 Sold Properties, and two cooperative apartment units, for a sales price of $171.4 million and a gain of $64.9 million - $27.6 million of this gain was allocated to our joint venture partners;
•entered into equity distribution agreements, as amended, with three placement agents-pursuant thereto, we raised approximately $20.4 million of equity from the sale of 1.59 million shares of our common stock;
•effected an 11% increase in our dividend rate and declared dividends of an aggregate of $0.78 per share; and
•bought out the interests of our joint venture partners in two multi-family properties for an aggregate of $5.2 million.
Subsequent to year end, we:
•acquired Crestmont at Thornblade, a 266-unit multi-family property located in Greensville, SC, for $37.8 million, including $26.4 million of mortgage debt obtained in connection with the acquisition;
•we sold Factory at Garco Park, for a sales price of $51.7 million, and anticipate that during the quarter ending December 31, 2018, we will recognize a gain on the sale of the property of approximately $12.0 million, of which approximately $6.3 million will be allocated to the non-controlling partner; and
•entered into a contract to sell our Cedar Lakes - Lake St. Louis, MO property for a sales price of $ 41.3 million and anticipate such transaction will close in the quarter ending December 31, 2018.
Generally, our multi-family properties are garden apartment, mid-rise or town home style properties that provide residents with amenities, such as a clubhouse, swimming pool, laundry facilities and cable television access. Residential leases are typically for a one-year term and may require security deposits equal to one month's rent. Substantially all of the units at these properties are leased at market rates. Set forth below is selected information regarding the multi-family properties owned by us as of September 30, 2018:
(1) Reflects the approximate age of the property based on the year original construction was completed, other than Lofts at OPOP which was rehabbed in 2014.
(2) Distributions to, and profit sharing between, joint venture partners is determined pursuant to the applicable agreement governing the relationship between the parties and may not be pro rata to the equity ownership
percentage each joint venture partner has in the applicable joint venture.
(3) Monthly rental rate per unit reflects our period of ownership.
(4) Approximately 16 units at this property are uninhabitable due to fire damage. We estimate that in 2019, we will recognize a $1 million gain on insurance recoveries related to such damage and that business interruption insurance will reimburse us for most of the loss of related rental income. The average monthly rental rate and average physical occupancy for 2018 give effect to the rental income received or accrued from business interruption insurance as if such damaged units were leased at rates in effect at the time of the casualty.
(5) We anticipate that this property will be sold in December 2018. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Recent Developments.”
(6) This property was under development in 2015 and 2016, in lease up in 2017 through June 2018, and was sold in November 2018. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Recent Developments.”
(7) This property was impacted by Hurricane Harvey. The average monthly rental rate and average physical occupancy for 2018 give effect to rental income received or accrued from business interruption insurance as if such damaged units were leased at rates in effect at the time of the casualty. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Hurricane Harvey.”
(8) This property was in lease up until June 2018.
(9) We anticipate that this development property will be completed from time-to-time from the end of calendar year 2018 through the end of the third calendar quarter 2019.
The following table set forth certain information, presented by state, related to our properties as of September 30, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
2019 Revenues (1)
Percent of 2019
South Carolina (4)
(1) Reflects our estimate of the rental and other revenues to be generated in 2019 by our multi-family properties located in such state and generally assumes the same rental and occupancy rates as in effect in 2018.
(2) Includes $4,500 representing estimated revenues from Cedar Lakes-Lake St. Louis, Missouri, for all of 2019. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Recent Developments.”
(3) Assumes $1,700 of rental and other revenues are generated from a 402-unit development property that began lease up in October 2018.
(4) Includes $413 representing estimated revenues from Factory at Garco Park-N. Charleston, South Carolina, from October 1, 2019 through the sale of such property on November 9, 2018.
Our Acquisition Process and Underwriting Criteria
We identify multi-family property acquisition opportunities primarily through relationships developed over time by our officers with former borrowers, current joint venture partners, real estate investors and brokers. We are interested in acquiring the following types of multi-family properties:
•Class B or better properties with strong and stable cash flows in markets where we believe there exists opportunity for rental growth and further value creation;
•Class B or better properties that offer significant potential for capital appreciation through repositioning or rehabilitating the asset to drive rental growth;
•properties available at opportunistic prices providing an opportunity for a significant appreciation in value; and
•development of Class A properties in markets where we believe we can generate significant returns from the operation and if appropriate, sale of the development.
Our current business plan is to acquire properties with cap rates ranging from 5% to 6.25% that will provide stable risk adjusted total returns (i.e., operating income plus capital appreciation). In identifying opportunities that will achieve these goals, we seek acquisitions that will achieve an initial approximate 7% to 8% annual return on invested cash and an internal rate of return of approximately 10% to 16%. We have also focused, but have not limited ourselves to, acquiring properties located in the Southeast United States and Texas. Subject to the foregoing, we are opportunistic in pursuing multi-family property acquisitions and do not mandate any specific acquisition criteria, though we take the following into account in evaluating an acquisition opportunity: location, demographics, size of the target market, property quality, availability and terms and conditions of long-term fixed-rate mortgage debt, potential for capital appreciation or recurring income, extent and nature of contemplated capital improvements and property age. We generally acquire properties with a joint venture partner with knowledge and experience in owning and operating multi-family properties in the target market as this enhances our understanding of such market and assists us in managing our risk with respect to a particular acquisition.
Approvals of the acquisition of a multi-family property are based on a review of property information as well as other due diligence activities undertaken by us and, as applicable, our venture partner. Those activities include a consideration of economic, demographic and other factors with respect to the target market and sub-market (including the stability of its population and the potential for population growth, the economic and employment base, presence of and barriers to entry of
alternative housing stock, rental rates for comparable properties, the competitive positioning of the proposed acquisition and the regulatory environment (i.e. applicable rent regulation)), a review of an independent third-party property condition report, a Phase I environmental report with respect to the property, a review of recent and projected results of operations for the property prepared by the seller, us or our joint venture partner, an assessment of our joint venture partner's knowledge and expertise with respect to the acquisition and operation of multi-family properties and the relevant market and sub-market, a site visit to the property and the surrounding area, an inspection of a sample of units at the property, the potential for rent increases and the possibility of enhancing the property and the costs thereof. To the extent a property to be acquired requires renovations or improvements, or if we and our joint venture partner believe that improving a property will generate greater rent, funds are generally set aside by us and our joint venture partner at the time of acquisition to provide the capital needed for such renovation and improvements. At September 30, 2018, an aggregate of $6.7 million has been allocated to fund improvements at 17 multi-family properties.
A key consideration in our acquisition process is the availability of mortgage debt to finance the acquisition (or the ability to assume the mortgage debt on the property) and the terms and conditions (e.g., interest rate, amortization and maturity) of such debt. Currently, approximately 30% to 40% of the purchase price is paid in cash and the balance is financed with mortgage debt. We believe that the use of leverage of up to 70% allows us the ability to earn a greater return on our investment than we would otherwise earn. Generally, the mortgage debt obtained in connection with an acquisition matures five to ten years thereafter, is interest only for one to five years after the acquisition, and provides for a fixed interest rate and for the amortization of the principal of such debt over 30 years.
Potential acquisitions are reviewed and approved by our investment committee. Approval requires the assent of not less than five of the eight members of this committee, all of whom are our executive officers. Board of director approval is required for any single multi-family property acquisition in which our equity investment exceeds $20 million.
We are partners in two multi-family development opportunities, including an unconsolidated joint venture, with the same joint venture partner or its affiliates. We pursue these opportunities when we believe the potential higher returns justify the additional risks. The factors considered in pursuing these opportunities generally include the factors considered in evaluating a standard acquisition opportunity, and we place additional emphasis on our joint venture partner's ability to execute a development project. Though we may from time-to-time pursue other development activities, we do not anticipate development properties will constitute a significant part of our portfolio.
Set forth below is information regarding the properties we acquired during 2018 (dollars in thousands):
No. of Units
Acquisition Mortgage Debt
Initial BRT Equity
Capitalized Property Acquisition Costs
Boerne, TX (1)
Daytona Beach, FL
Grand Prairie, TX
(1) Includes $500 for the acquisition of a land parcel adjacent to the property.
The following table summarizes information regarding a property purchased during the period October 1, 2018 to November 30, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
In February 2018, we acquired our joint venture partner's 2.5% equity interest in Avalon Apartments, Pensacola, FL for $250,000 and in July 2018, we acquired our joint venture partner's 20% interest in Kilburn Crossing, Fredricksburg, VA for $4.9 million. As a result, these properties are wholly-owned by us.
We monitor our portfolio to identify properties that should be sold. Factors considered in deciding whether to sell a property generally include our evaluation of the current market price of such property compared to its projected economics and changes in the factors considered by us in acquiring such property. We also believe it is important for us to maintain strong relationships with our joint venture partners. Accordingly, we also take into account our partners' desires with respect to property sales. If our partners deem it in their own economic interest to dispose of a property at an earlier date than we would otherwise dispose of a property, we may accommodate such request.
Set forth below is information regarding the properties we sold during 2018 (dollars in thousands):
No. of Units
Gain on Sale
Non-Controlling Partner's Share of Gain on Sale
New York, NY (1)
Palm Beach Gardens, FL
New York, NY (1)
(1) Reflects the sale of a cooperative apartment unit.
The following table summarizes information regarding a property sold during the period from October 1, 2018 through November 30, 2018 and which was classified as held for sale at September 30, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
No. of Units
Estimated Gain on Sale
Non-Controlling Partner's Share of Estimated Gain on Sale
North Charleston, SC
Joint Venture Arrangements
The arrangements with our multi-family property joint venture partners are deal specific and vary from transaction to transaction. Generally, these arrangements provide for us and our partner to receive net cash flow available for distribution and/or profits in the following order of priority (in certain cases, we are entitled to these distributions on a senior or preferential basis): (i) a preferred return of 9% to 10% on each party's unreturned capital contributions, until such preferred return has been paid in full; and (ii) the return in full of each party's capital contribution. Thereafter, distributions to, and profit sharing between, joint venture partners, is determined pursuant to the applicable agreement governing the relationship between the parties and may not be pro rata to the equity ownership percentage each joint venture partner has in the applicable joint venture.
Though, as noted above, each joint venture operating agreement contains different terms, such agreements generally provide for a buy-sell procedure under specified circumstances, including, (i) if the partners are unable to agree on major decisions or (ii) upon a change in control of our subsidiary owning the interest in the joint venture. Further, these arrangements may also allow us, and in some cases, our joint venture partner, to force the sale of the property after it has been owned by the joint venture for a specified period (e.g., four to five years after the acquisition).
The day-to-day management of our multi-family properties is overseen by property management companies operating in the market in which the property is located. Many of these management companies are owned by our joint venture partners or their affiliates. These property management companies are paid fees ranging from 3% to 4% of revenues generated by the applicable property. Generally, we can terminate these management companies upon specified notice or for cause, subject to the approval of the mortgage lender and, in some cases, our joint venture partner. We believe satisfactory replacements for property managers are available, if required.
The following table sets forth scheduled principal (including amortization) mortgage payments due for all our properties as of September 30, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
Principal Payments Due
(1) Includes $30,265 related to the mortgage on Factory at Garco Park. This property was sold in November 2018.
As of September 30, 2018, the weighted average annual interest rate of the mortgage debt on our 36 multi-family properties is 4.18% and the weighted average remaining term to maturity of such debt is approximately 6.9 years. The mortgage debt associated with our multi-family properties is generally non-recourse to (i) the joint venture that owns the property, subject to standard carve-outs and (ii) to us and our subsidiary acquiring the equity interest in such joint venture. We, at the parent entity level (i.e., BRT Apartments Corp.), are the standard carve-out guarantor with respect to the Avalon, Silvana Oaks,Woodland Trails, Stonecrossing, Stonecrossing East, Kilburn Crossing and Avondale properties. (The term "standard carve-outs" refers to recourse items to an otherwise non-recourse mortgage and are customary to mortgage financing. While carve-outs vary from lender to lender and transaction to transaction, the carve-outs may include, among other things, a voluntary bankruptcy filing, environmental liabilities, the sale, financing or encumbrance of the property in violation of loan documents, damage to property as a result of intentional misconduct or gross negligence, failure to pay valid taxes and other claims which could create a lien on a property and the conversion of security deposits, insurance proceeds or condemnation awards). At September 30, 2018, the principal amount of mortgage debt outstanding with respect to the properties at which we are the carve-out guarantor is approximately $113.7 million.
The multi-family properties are covered by all risk property insurance covering 100% of the replacement cost for each building and business interruption and rental loss insurance (covering up to twelve months of loss). On a case-by-case basis, based on an assessment of the likelihood of the risk, availability of insurance, cost of insurance and in accordance with standard market practice, we obtain earthquake, windstorm, flood, terrorism and boiler and machinery insurance. We carry comprehensive liability insurance and umbrella policies for each of our properties which provide no less than $5 million of coverage per incident. We request certain extension of coverage, valuation clauses, and deductibles in accordance with standard market practice and availability.
Although we may carry insurance for potential losses associated with our multi-family properties, we may still incur losses due to uninsured risks, deductibles, co-payments or losses in excess of applicable insurance coverage and those losses may be material. In addition, a substantial amount of our insurance coverage is provided through blanket policies obtained by our joint venture partners or the property managers for such property. A consequence of obtaining insurance coverage in this manner is that losses on properties in which we have no ownership interest could reduce significantly or eliminate the coverage available on one or more properties in which we have an interest.
Set forth below is a summary of our multi-family property acquisition activities from October 1, 2012 through September 30, 2018:
Number of Multi-Family Properties Acquired
Number of Units Acquired (2)
(1) Includes the purchase of land in West Nashville, TN on which we are developing a 402-unit multi-family complex.
(2) Includes units under development.
Set forth below is a summary of our multi-family property dispositions from October 1, 2015 through September 30, 2018. There were no sales prior to 2015:
Number of Multi-Family Properties Sold
Number of Units Sold
Our Other Real Estate Assets and Activities
In addition to our multi-family properties, we own other real estate assets with an aggregate carrying value of $15.3 million at September 30, 2018, including a $4.9 million loan receivable, undeveloped land, cooperative apartment units and a leasehold position at a commercial property. See notes 3, 6 and 9 to our consolidated financial statements.
Corporate Level Financing Arrangement
As of September 30, 2018, $37.4 million (excluding deferred costs of $362,000) in principal amount of our junior subordinated notes is outstanding. These notes mature in April 2036, contain limited covenants (including covenants prohibiting us from paying dividends or repurchasing capital stock if there is an event of default (as defined therein) on these notes), are redeemable at our option, and from August 1, 2012 through April 30, 2016 bore an interest rate of 4.9%. From May 1, 2016 through maturity, these notes bear an interest rate, which resets and is payable quarterly, of three-month LIBOR plus 200 basis points. At September 30, 2018 and 2017, the interest rate on these notes is 4.34% and 3.31%, respectively.
We compete to acquire real estate assets and in particular, multi-family properties, with other owners and operators of such properties including other multi-family REITs, pension and investment funds, real estate developers and private real estate investors. Competition to acquire such properties is based on price and ability to secure financing on a timely basis and complete an acquisition. To the extent that a potential joint venture partner introduces us to a multi-family acquisition opportunity, we compete with other sources of equity capital to participate in such joint venture based on the financial returns we are willing to offer such potential partner and the other terms and conditions of the joint venture arrangement. We also compete for tenants at our multi-family properties—such competition depends upon various factors, including alternative
housing options available in the applicable sub-market, rent, amenities provided and proximity to employment and quality of life venues.
Many of our competitors possess greater financial and other resources than we possess.
We are subject to regulation at the federal, state and municipal levels and are exposed to potential liability should our properties or actions result in damage to the environment or to other persons or properties. These conditions include the presence or growth of mold, potential leakage of underground storage tanks, breakage or leaks from sewer lines and risks pertaining to waste handling. The potential costs of compliance, property damage restoration and other costs for which we could be liable or which could occur without regard to our fault or knowledge, are unknown and could potentially be material.
In the course of acquiring and owning multi-family properties, an independent environmental consulting firm is engaged to perform a level 1 environmental assessment (and if appropriate, a level 2 assessment) as part of the due diligence process. We believe these assessment reports provide a reasonable basis for discovery of potential hazardous conditions prior to acquisition. Should any potential environmental risks or conditions be discovered during our due diligence process, the potential costs of remediation will be assessed carefully and factored into the cost of acquisition, assuming the identified risks and factors are deemed to be manageable and within reason. Some risks or conditions may be identified that are significant enough to cause us to abandon the possibility of acquiring a given property. As of the date of this report, we have no knowledge of any material claims made or pending against us with regard to environmental damage for which we may be found liable, nor are we aware of any potential hazards to the environment related to any of our properties which could reasonably be expected to result in a material loss.
We share facilities, personnel and other resources with several affiliated entities including, among others, Gould Investors L.P., a master limited partnership involved primarily in the ownership and operation of a diversified portfolio of real estate assets, and One Liberty Properties, Inc., a NYSE listed equity REIT. Eight individuals (including Jeffrey A. Gould, Chief Executive Officer and President, Mitchell Gould, Executive Vice President and George Zweier, Chief Financial Officer), devote substantially all of their business time to our activities, while our other personnel (including several officers) share their services on a part-time basis with us and other affiliated entities that share our executive offices. (Including our full and part-time personnel, we estimate that we have the equivalent of 13 full time employees). The allocation of expenses for the shared facilities, personnel and other resources is computed in accordance with a shared services agreement by and among us and the affiliated entities. The allocation is based on the estimated time devoted by executive, administrative and clerical personnel to the affairs of each entity that is a party to this agreement.
In addition, we retain several related parties to participate in, among other things, the analysis and approval of multi-family property acquisitions and dispositions, develop and maintain banking and financing relationships and provide us investment advice and long-term planning (the “Services”). The aggregate fees paid for the Services in 2018 and 2017 was $1.3 million and $1.2 million, respectively.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Set forth below is a discussion of certain risks affecting our business. Any adverse effects arising from the realization of any of the risks discussed, including our financial condition and results of operation, may, and likely will, adversely affect many aspects of our business.
We face numerous risks associated with the real estate industry that could adversely affect our results of operations through decreased revenues or increased costs.
As a real estate company, we are subject to various changes in real estate conditions, and any negative trends in such real estate conditions may adversely affect our results of operations through decreased revenues or increased costs. These conditions include:
•changes in national, regional and local economic conditions, which may be negatively impacted by concerns about inflation, deflation, government deficits, unemployment rates and decreased consumer confidence particularly in markets in which we have a high concentration of properties;
•increases in interest rates, which could adversely affect our ability to obtain financing or to buy or sell properties on favorable terms or at all;
•the inability of tenants to pay rent;
•the existence and quality of the competition, such as the attractiveness of our properties as compared to our competitors' properties based on considerations such as convenience of location, rental rates, amenities and safety record;
•increased operating costs, including increased real property taxes, maintenance, insurance and utility costs (including increased prices for fossil fuels);
•weather conditions that may increase or decrease energy costs and other weather-related expenses;
•oversupply of apartments or single-family housing or a reduction in demand for real estate in the markets in which our properties are located;
•a favorable interest rate environment that may result in a significant number of potential residents of our multi-family properties deciding to purchase homes instead of renting;
•changes in, or increased costs of compliance with, laws and/or governmental regulations, including those governing usage, zoning, the environment and taxes; and
• rent control or stabilization laws, or other laws regulating rental housing, which could prevent us from raising rents to offset increases in operating costs.
Moreover, other factors may adversely affect our results of operations, including potential liability under environmental and other laws and other unforeseen events, many of which are discussed elsewhere in the following risk factors. Any or all of these factors could materially adversely affect our results of operations through decreased revenues or increased costs.
If interest rates increase or credit markets tighten, it may be more difficult for us to refinance our mortgage debt at favorable rates as it matures or to secure financing for acquisitions.
The following table sets forth, as of September 30, 2018, scheduled principal (excluding amortization) mortgage payments due at maturity on the mortgages on the properties we own and the weighted average interest rate thereon (dollars in thousands):
Due at Maturity
(1) Includes $30,265 related to the mortgage on Factory at Garco Park. This property was sold in November 2018.
Though interest rates have been at historically low levels the past several years, they have been increasing recently and may continue to increase. Increases in interest rates, or reduced access to credit markets due, among other things, to more stringent lending requirements or our high level of leverage, may make it difficult for us to refinance our mortgage debt as it matures or limit the availability of mortgage debt, thereby limiting our acquisition and/or refinancing activities. Even in the event that we are able to secure mortgage debt on, or otherwise refinance our mortgage debt, due to increased costs associated with securing financing and other factors beyond our control, we may be unable to refinance the entire mortgage debt as it matures or be subject to unfavorable terms (such as higher loan fees, interest rates and periodic payments) if we do refinance the mortgage debt. Either of these results could reduce operating cash flow and earnings, which may adversely affect the investment goals of our stockholders.
If we do not continue to pay cash dividends, the price of our common stock may decline.
REIT's are generally required to distribute annually at least 90% of their ordinary taxable income to qualify as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, which we refer to as the Code. Because we continue to generate operating losses primarily due to the impact of depreciation, we are not currently required, and may not be required in the near future, to pay dividends to maintain our REIT status. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that we will pay dividends in the future. If we do not continue to pay cash dividends, the price of our common stock may decline.
Most of our multi-family properties are located in a limited number of markets, which makes us susceptible to adverse developments in such markets.
In addition to general, national and regional conditions, the operating performance of our multi-family residential properties is impacted by the economic conditions, including economic conditions of the specific markets in which our properties are concentrated. We anticipate that approximately 32%, 16%, 14% and 9% of our estimated 2019 revenues from multi-family properties will be generated by properties located in Texas, Georgia, Florida and Missouri, respectively. Accordingly, adverse developments in such markets, including economic developments or natural or man-made disasters, could adversely impact the operations of these properties and therefore our operating results and cash flow. The concentration of our properties in a limited number of markets exposes us to risks of adverse developments which are greater than the risks of owning properties with a more geographically diverse portfolio.
Risks involved in conducting real estate activity through joint ventures.
We have in the past and intend in the future to continue to acquire properties through joint ventures with other persons or entities when we believe that circumstances warrant the use of such structure. Joint venture investments involve risks not otherwise present when acquiring real estate directly, including the possibility that:
•our joint venture partner might become bankrupt, insolvent or otherwise refuse or be unable to meet their obligations to us or the venture (including their obligation to make capital contributions or property distributions when due);
•we may incur liabilities as a result of action taken by our joint venture partner;
•our joint venture partner may not perform its property oversight responsibilities;
•our joint venture partner may have economic or business interests or goals which are or become inconsistent with our business interests or goals, including inconsistent goals relating to the sale or refinancing of properties held in the joint venture or the timing of the termination or liquidation of the joint venture;
•the more successful a joint venture project, the more likely that any profit generated above a negotiated threshold will be allocated disproportionately in favor of our joint venture partner;
•our joint venture partners obtain blanket property casualty and business interruption insurance insuring properties we own jointly and other properties in which we have no ownership interest and as as a result, claims or losses with respect to properties owned by our joint venture partners but in which we have no interest could significantly reduce or eliminate the insurance available to properties in which we have an interest;
•our joint venture partner may be in a position to take action or withhold consent contrary to our instructions or requests, including actions that may make it more difficult to maintain our qualification as a REIT;
•our joint venture partner might engage in unlawful or fraudulent conduct with respect to our jointly owned properties or other properties in which they have an ownership interest;
•our joint venture partner may trigger a buy-sell arrangement, which could cause us to sell our interest, or acquire our partner's interest, at a time when we otherwise would not have initiated such a transaction;
•disputes between us and our joint venture partners may result in litigation or arbitration that would increase our expenses and divert management's attention from operating our business;
•disagreements with our joint venture partners with respect to property management (including with respect to whether a property should be sold, refinanced, or improved) could result in an impasse resulting in the inability to operate the property effectively; and
•our joint venture partners may have other competing real estate interests in the markets in which our properties are located that could influence the partners to take actions favoring their properties to the detriment of the jointly owned properties.
We own 16 multi-family properties with a carrying value of $523.7 million with three joint venture partners or their affiliates and may be adversely effected if we are unable to maintain a satisfactory working relationship with any one or more of these joint venture partners.
Joint ventures that own seven multi-family properties with a carrying value of $294.0 million are owned with one joint venture partner or its affiliates, joint ventures that own five multi-family properties with a carrying value of $125.2 million are owned with a second joint venture partner or its affiliates and joint ventures that own four multi-family properties with a carrying value of $104.5 million are owned with a third joint venture partner or its affiliates. This concentration of ownership of properties with a limited number of joint venture partners exposes us to risks of adverse developments which are greater than the risks of owning properties with a more diverse group of joint venture partners.
The failure of third party property management companies to properly manage our properties or obtain sufficient insurance coverage could adversely impact our results of operations.
We and our joint venture partners rely on third party property management companies to manage our properties. These management companies are responsible for, among other things, leasing and marketing rental units, selecting tenants (including an evaluation of the creditworthiness of tenants), collecting rent, paying operating expenses, maintaining the property and obtaining insurance coverage for the properties they manage. If these property management companies do not perform their duties properly or we or our joint venture partners do not effectively supervise the activities of these managers, the occupancy rates and rental rates at the properties managed by such property managers may decline and the expenses at such properties may increase. At September 30, 2018, one property manager and its affiliates manage nine properties, a second property manager and its affiliates manage seven properties and eight other property managers manage five or fewer properties. The loss of our property managers, and in particular, the managers that manage multiple properties, could result in a decrease in occupancy rates, rental rates or both or an increase in expenses. Further, property managers are also responsible for obtaining insurance coverage with respect to the properties they manage, which coverage is often obtained pursuant to blanket policies covering many properties in which we have no interest. Losses at properties managed by our property managers but in which we have no interest could reduce significantly the insurance coverage available at our properties managed by these property managers. Finally, some of the management companies are owned by our joint venture partners or their affiliates. The termination of a management company may require the approval of the mortgagee, our joint venture partner or both. If we are unable to terminate an underperforming property manager on a timely basis, our occupancy and rental rates may decrease and our expenses may increase.
We may not be able to compete with competitors, many of which have greater financial and other resources than we possess.
We compete with many third parties engaged in the ownership and operation of multi-family properties, including other REITs, specialty finance companies, public and private investors, investment and pension funds and other entities. Many of these competitors have substantially greater financial and other resources than we do. Larger and more established competitors enjoy significant competitive advantages that result from, among other things, enhanced operating efficiencies and more extensive networks providing greater and more favorable access to capital, financing and tax credit allocations and more favorable acquisition opportunities.
We may incur impairment charges in 2019.
We evaluate on a quarterly basis our real estate portfolio for indicators of impairment. Impairment charges reflect management's judgment of the probability and severity of the decline in the value of real estate assets we own. These charges and provisions may be required in the future as a result of factors beyond our control, including, among other things, changes in the economic environment and market conditions affecting the value of real property assets or natural or man-made disasters. If we are required to take impairment charges, our results of operations will be adversely impacted.
We may need to make significant capital improvements and incur deferred maintenance costs with respect to our multi-family properties and may not have sufficient funds for such purposes.
Our multi-family properties face competition from newer, and updated properties. At September 30, 2018 the weighted average age (based on the number of units) of our multi-family properties is approximately 20 years. To remain competitive and increase occupancy at these properties and/or make them attractive to potential tenants or purchasers, we may have to make significant capital improvements and/or incur deferred maintenance costs with respect to these properties. At September 30, 2018, we have $6.7 million of restricted cash that can only be used for improvements at specific properties. The cost of future improvements and deferred maintenance is unknown and the amounts earmarked for specific properties may be insufficient to
effectuate needed improvements. Our results of operations and financial conditions may be adversely affected if we are required to expend significant funds (other than funds earmarked for such purposes) to repair or improve our properties.
Our transactions with affiliated entities involve conflicts of interest.
Entities affiliated with us and with certain of our executive officers provide services to us and on our behalf. These transactions raise the possibility that we may not receive terms as favorable as those that we would receive if the transactions were entered into with unaffiliated entities.
Senior management and other key personnel are critical to our business and our future success may depend on our ability to retain them.
We depend on the services of Jeffrey A. Gould, our president and chief executive officer, and other members of senior management to carry out our business and investment strategies. Although Jeffrey A. Gould devotes substantially all of his business time to our affairs, he devotes a limited amount of his business time to entities affiliated with us. In addition to Jeffrey A. Gould, only two other executive officers, Mitchell Gould, our executive vice president, and George Zweier, a vice president and our chief financial officer, devote all or substantially all of their business time to us. Many of our executives (i) provide Services (see Item 1 "Business-Our Structure") to us and/or (ii) share their services on a part-time basis with entities affiliated with us and located in the same executive offices pursuant to a shared services agreement. We rely on part-time executive officers to provide certain services to us, including legal and certain accounting services, since we do not employ full-time executive officers to handle these services. If the shared services agreement is terminated or the executives performing Services are unwilling to continue to do so, we will have to obtain such services from other sources or hire employees to perform them. We may not be able to replace these services or hire such employees in a timely manner or on terms, including cost and level of expertise, that are equivalent to or better than those we receive pursuant to the Services and the shared services agreement.
In addition, in the future we may need to attract and retain qualified senior management and other key personnel, both on a full-time and part-time basis. The loss of the services of any of our senior management or other key personnel or our inability to recruit and retain qualified personnel in the future, could impair our ability to carry out our business and our investment strategies.
We do not carry key man life insurance on members of our senior management.
We could be negatively impacted by changes in our relationship with Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, changes in the condition of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac and by changes in government support for multi-family housing.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have been a major source of financing for multi-family real estate in the United States and we have used loan programs sponsored by these agencies to finance many of our acquisitions of multi-family properties. There has been ongoing discussion by the government with regard to the long term structure and viability of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which could result in adjustments to guidelines for their loan products. Should these agencies have their mandates changed or reduced, lose key personnel, be disbanded or reorganized by the government or otherwise discontinue providing liquidity for the multi-family sector, our ability to obtain financing through loan programs sponsored by the agencies could be negatively impacted. In addition, changes in our relationships with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and the lenders that participate in these loan programs, with respect to our existing mortgage financing could impact our ability to obtain comparable financing for new acquisitions or refinancing for our existing multi-family real estate investments. Should our access to financing provided through Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loan programs be reduced or impaired, it would significantly reduce our access to debt capital and/or increase borrowing costs and could significantly limit our ability to acquire properties on acceptable terms and reduce the values to be realized upon property sales.
Our acquisition, development and value-add activities are limited by the funds available to us.
Our ability to acquire additional multi-family properties, develop new properties and improve the properties in our portfolio is limited by the funds available to us and our ability to obtain, on acceptable terms, equity contributions from joint venture partners and mortgage debt from lenders. At September 30, 2018, we had approximately $27.4 million of cash and cash equivalents and approximately $6.7 million designated as restricted cash for improvements at 17 multi-family properties. Our multi-family acquisition and value-add activities are constrained by funds available to us which will limit growth in our revenues and operating results.
Our revenues are significantly influenced by demand for multi-family properties generally, and a decrease in such demand will likely have a greater adverse effect on our revenues than if we owned a more diversified real estate portfolio.
Our current portfolio is focused predominately on multi-family properties, and we expect that going forward we will continue to focus predominately on the acquisition, disposition and operation of such properties. As a result, we are subject to
risks inherent in investments in a single industry, and a decrease in the demand for multi-family properties would likely have a greater adverse effect on our rental revenues than if we owned a more diversified real estate portfolio.
Our value-add activities involve greater risks than more conservative investment strategies.
In many cases, we seek to acquire properties at which we believe our investment of additional capital to enhance such properties will result in increased rental rates and higher resale value . These efforts involves greater risks than more conservative investment strategies. The risks related to these value-add activities include risks related to delays in the repositioning or improvement process, higher than expected capital improvement costs, the additional capital needed to execute our value-add program, and the possibility that these value-add activities may not result in the higher rents and occupancy rates anticipated. In addition, properties or units may not produce revenue while undergoing capital improvements. Furthermore, we may also be unable to complete the improvements of these properties and may be forced to hold or sell these properties at a loss. For these and other reasons, we cannot assure you that we will realize growth in the value of our value-add multifamily properties, and as a result, our ability to make distributions to our stockholders could be adversely affected.
We are subject to certain limitations associated with selling multi-family properties, which could limit our operational and financial flexibility.
Our ability to sell properties and the terms (including sales price and the timing of the sale) at which such properties may be sold may be limited by various factors and conditions, including factors and conditions over which we have limited or no control. These factors and conditions include:
•the agreement of our joint venture partner to sell a property;
•adverse market conditions, including the limited availability of mortgage debt required by a buyer to acquire a property or increased interest rates;
•the need to expend funds to correct defects or to make improvements before a property can be sold; and
•federal tax laws that may limit our ability to profit on the sale of properties that we have owned for less than two years.
The foregoing factors and conditions may limit our ability to dispose of properties, which may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and the market value of our securities.
Increased competition and increased affordability of residential homes could limit our ability to retain our tenants or increase or maintain rents.
Our multi-family properties compete with numerous housing alternatives, including other multi-family and single-family rental homes, as well as owner occupied single and multi-family homes. Our ability to retain tenants and increase or maintain rents or occupancy levels could be adversely affected by the alternative housing in a particular area and, due to declining housing prices, mortgage interest rates and government programs to promote home ownership, the increasing affordability of owner occupied single and multi-family homes.
Development, redevelopment and construction risks could affect our operating results.
We may continue to develop and redevelop multi-family properties.These activities may be exposed tothe following risks:
•we may abandon opportunities that we have already begun to explore for a number of reasons, including changes in local market conditions or increases in construction or financing costs, and, as a result, we may fail to recover expenses already incurred in exploring those opportunities;
•occupancy rates and rents at development properties may fail to meet our original expectations for a number of reasons, including changes in market and economic conditions beyond our control and the development by competitors of competing properties;
•we may be unable to obtain, or experience delays in obtaining, necessary zoning, occupancy, or other required governmental or third party permits and authorizations, which could result in increased costs or the delay or abandonment of development opportunities;
•we may incur costs that exceed our original estimates due to increased material, labor or other costs;
•we may be unable to complete construction and lease-up of a development project on schedule, resulting in increased construction and financing costs and a decrease in expected rental revenues;
•we may be unable to obtain financing with favorable terms, or at all, for the proposed development of a property, which may cause us to delay or abandon a development opportunity; and
•we may be unable to refinance with favorable terms, or at all, any construction or other financing obtained for a development property, which may cause us to sell the property on less favorable terms or surrender the property to the lender.
If we are unable to address effectively these and other risks associated with development projects, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely effected.
Compliance with REIT requirements may hinder our ability to maximize profits.
We must continually satisfy tests concerning, among other things, our sources of income, the amounts we distribute to our stockholders and the ownership of our common stock, to qualify as a REIT for Federal income tax purposes. We may also be required to make distributions to stockholders at disadvantageous times or when we do not have funds readily available for distribution. Accordingly, compliance with REIT requirements may hinder our ability to operate solely on the basis of maximizing profits.
To qualify as a REIT, we must also ensure that at the end of each calendar quarter at least 75% of the value of our assets consists of cash, cash items, government securities and qualified REIT real estate assets. The remainder of our investment in securities cannot include more than 10% of the outstanding voting securities of any one issuer or more than 10% of the total value of the outstanding securities of such issuer. In addition, no more than 5% of the value of our assets can consist of the securities of any one issuer, other than a qualified REIT security. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we must dispose of the portion of our assets in excess of such amounts within 30 days after the end of the calendar quarter in order to avoid losing our REIT status and suffering adverse tax consequences. This requirement could cause us to dispose of assets for consideration of less than their true value and could lead to a material adverse impact on our results of operations and financial condition.
If we are required to make payments under any “bad boy” carve out guarantees that we have provided in connection with certain mortgages and related loans, our business and financial results could be materially adversely affected.
In obtaining certain non-recourse loans, we have provided our lenders with standard carve out guarantees. These guarantees are only applicable if and when the borrower directly, or indirectly through an agreement with an affiliate, joint venture partner or other third party, voluntarily files a bankruptcy or similar liquidation or reorganization action or takes other actions that are fraudulent or improper (commonly referred to as “bad boy” guarantees). Although we believe that “bad boy” carve out guarantees are not guarantees of payment in the event of foreclosure or other actions of the foreclosing lender that are beyond the borrower’s control, some lenders in the real estate industry have recently sought to make claims for payment under such guarantees. In the event such a claim were made against us under a “bad boy” carve out guarantee, following foreclosure on mortgages or related loans, and such claim were successful, our business and financial results could be materially adversely affected.
Because real estate investments are illiquid, we may not be able to reconfigure our portfolio on a timely basis..
Real estate investments generally cannot be sold quickly. We may not be able to reconfigure our portfolio promptly in response to economic or other conditions. Further, even if we are able to sell properties, we may be unable to reinvest the proceeds of such sales in opportunities that are as favorable as the properties sold. Our inability to reconfigure our portfolio to profitably reinvest the proceeds of property sales promptly could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
We depend on our subsidiaries for cash flow and will be adversely impacted if these subsidiaries are prohibited from distributing cash to us.
We conduct, and intend to conduct, all our business operations through our subsidiaries. Accordingly, our only source of cash to fund our operations and pay our obligations are distributions from our subsidiaries. We cannot assure you that our subsidiaries will be able to, or be permitted to, make distributions to us that will enable us to fund our operations. Each of our subsidiaries is or will be a distinct legal entity and, under certain circumstances, legal and contractual restrictions, may limit our ability to obtain cash from such entities. In addition, because we operate through our subsidiaries, your claims as stockholders will be structurally subordinated to all existing and future liabilities and obligations of our subsidiaries. Therefore, in the event
of our bankruptcy, liquidation or reorganization, our assets and those of our subsidiaries will be able to satisfy your claims as stockholders only after all our and our subsidiaries' liabilities and obligations have been paid in full.
Liabilities relating to environmental matters may impact the value of our properties.
We may be subject to environmental liabilities arising from the ownership of properties. Under various federal, state and local laws, an owner or operator of real property may become liable for the costs of removal of certain hazardous substances released on its property. These laws often impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or was responsible for, the release of such hazardous substances.
The presence of hazardous substances on our properties may adversely affect our ability to finance or sell the property and we may incur substantial remediation costs. The discovery of material environmental liabilities attached to such properties could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
Our operating results and assets may be negatively affected if our insurance coverage is insufficient to compensate us for casualty events occurring at our properties.
Our multi-family properties, including the properties owned by the joint ventures in which we are members, carry all risk property insurance covering the property and improvements thereto for the cost of replacement in the event of a casualty. Though we maintain insurance coverage, such coverage may be insufficient to compensate us for losses sustained as a result of a casualty because, among other things:
•the amount of insurance coverage maintained for any property may be insufficient to pay the full replacement cost following a casualty event;
• the rent loss coverage under a policy may not extend for the full period of time that a tenant or tenants may be entitled to a rent abatement that is a result of, or that may be required to complete restoration following, a casualty event;
•certain types of losses, such as those arising from earthquakes, floods, hurricanes and terrorist attacks, may be uninsurable or may not be economically feasible to insure;
•changes in zoning, building codes and ordinances, environmental considerations and other factors may make it impossible or impracticable, to use insurance proceeds to replace damaged or destroyed improvements at a property;
•insurance coverage is part of blanket insurance policies in which losses on properties in which we have no ownership interest could reduce significantly or eliminate the coverage available on our properties; and
•the deductibles applicable to one or more buildings at a property may be greater than the losses sustained at such buildings.
If our insurance coverage is insufficient to cover losses sustained as a result of one or more casualty events, our operating results and the value of our portfolio will be adversely affected.
Changes to the U.S. federal income tax laws, including the enactment of certain proposed tax reform measures, could have an adverse impact on our business and financial results.
At any time, the U.S. federal income tax laws governing REITs or the administrative interpretations of those laws may be amended. We cannot predict when or if any new U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation, or any amendment to any existing U.S. federal income tax law, regulation or administrative interpretation, will be adopted, promulgated or become effective and any such law, regulation, or interpretation may take effect retroactively. We and our stockholders could be adversely affected by any such change in the U.S. federal income tax laws, regulations or administrative interpretations.
Compliance or failure to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 or other safety regulations and requirements could result in substantial costs.
The Americans with Disabilities Act generally requires that public buildings, including our properties, be made accessible to disabled persons. Non-compliance could result in the imposition of fines by the federal government or the award of damages to private litigants. From time-to-time claims may be asserted against us with respect to some of our properties under the Americans with Disabilities Act. If, under the Americans with Disabilities Act, we are required to make substantial alterations and capital expenditures in one or more of our properties, including the removal of access barriers, it could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Our properties are subject to various federal, state and local regulatory requirements, such as state and local fire and life safety requirements. If we fail to comply with these requirements, we could incur fines or private damage awards. We do not know whether existing requirements will change or whether compliance with future requirements will require significant unanticipated expenditures that will affect our cash flow and results of operations.
Breaches of information technology systems could materially harm our business and reputation.
We, our joint venture partners and the property managers managing our properties, collect and retain, through information technology systems, financial, personal and other sensitive information provided by third parties, including tenants, vendors and employees. Such persons also rely on information technology systems for the collection and distribution of funds. There can be no assurance that we, our joint venture partners or property managers will be able to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive information or the unauthorized distribution of funds. Any loss of this information or unauthorized distribution of funds as a result of a breach of information technology systems may result in loss of funds to which we are entitled, legal liability and costs (including damages and penalties), as well as damage to our reputation, that could materially and adversely affect our business and financial performance.
We could be adversely affected if we or any of our subsidiaries are required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 as amended (the “1940 Act”).
We conduct our operations so that neither we, nor any of our subsidiaries is required to register as investment companies under the 1940 Act. If we or any of our subsidiaries is required to register as an investment company but fail to do so, the unregistered entity would be prohibited from engaging in certain business, and criminal and civil actions could be brought against such entity. In addition, the contracts of such entity would be unenforceable unless a court required enforcement, and a court could appoint a receiver to take control of the entity and liquidate its business.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
Item 2. Properties.
Our executive office is located at 60 Cutter Mill Road, Suite 303, Great Neck, New York. We believe that such facilities are satisfactory for our current and projected needs.
The information set forth under "Item 1—Business" is incorporated herein by this reference to the extent responsive to the information called for by this item.
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Market Information; Holders
Our shares of common stock are listed on the New York Stock Exchange, or the NYSE, under the symbol "BRT." As of November 30, 2018, there were approximately 848 holders of record of our common stock.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
On September 12, 2017, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase, effective as of October 1, 2017, up to $5.0 million of shares of our common stock through September 30, 2019. The table below provides information regarding our repurchase of shares of common stock pursuant to such authorization during the periods presented.
Total Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs