10-Q 1 brt-20220331.htm 10-Q brt-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549
 
FORM 10-Q

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

OR
 
  Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Commission File Number 001-07172
 
BRT APARTMENTS CORP.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland13-2755856
(State or other jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
60 Cutter Mill Road, Great Neck, NY
11021
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

516-466-3100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common StockBRTNYSE

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). 
Yes  No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):
Large accelerated filer ☐Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
18,603,490 Shares of Common Stock,
par value $0.01 per share, outstanding on May 2, 2022


BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table of Contents

Page No.
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 6.


1

Explanatory Note

Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, all references to (i) “us”, “we”, “BRT” or the “Company” refer to BRT Apartments Corp. and its consolidated and unconsolidated subsidiaries; (ii) all interest rates give effect to the related interest rate derivative, if any; (iii) "acquisitions" include investments in and by unconsolidated joint ventures; (iv) references to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic include the impact of the governmental and non-governmental responses thereto and the economic consequences thereof, and (v) "same store properties" refer to properties that we owned and operated for the entirety of the periods being compared, except for properties that are under construction, in lease-up, or are undergoing development or redevelopment. We move properties previously excluded from our same store portfolio (because they were under construction, in lease up or are in development or redevelopment) into the same store designation once they have stabilized (as described below) and such status has been reflected fully in all quarters during the applicable periods of comparison. Newly constructed, lease-up, development and redevelopment properties are deemed stabilized upon the earlier to occur of the first full calendar quarter beginning (a) 12 months after the property is fully completed and put in service and (b) attainment of at least 90% physical occupancy.


2

Part I ‑ FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(unaudited)(audited)
ASSETS
Real estate properties, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $39,259 and $36,467
$328,334 $293,550 
Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures106,025 112,347 
Cash and cash equivalents29,688 32,339 
Restricted cash6,543 6,582 
Other assets12,410 10,341 
Real estate property held for sale 4,379 
Total Assets $483,000 $459,538 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Liabilities:
Mortgages payable, net of deferred costs of $1,297 and $980
$211,565 $199,877 
Junior subordinated notes, net of deferred costs of $292 and $297
37,108 37,103 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities20,125 19,607 
Total Liabilities 268,798 256,587 
Commitments and contingencies
Equity:
BRT Apartments Corp. stockholders' equity:
Preferred shares $0.01 par value 2,000 shares authorized, none outstanding
  
 Common stock, $0.01 par value, 300,000 shares authorized;
 17,632 and 17,349 shares outstanding
176 173 
Additional paid-in capital262,170 258,161 
Accumulated deficit(48,175)(55,378)
Total BRT Apartments Corp. stockholders’ equity214,171 202,956 
Non-controlling interest31 (5)
Total Equity214,202 202,951 
Total Liabilities and Equity$483,000 $459,538 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands, except shares and per share data)

Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Revenues:
Rental and other revenue from real estate properties $11,430 $7,095 
Other income4 4 
Total revenues11,434 7,099 
Expenses:
Real estate operating expenses - including $11 and $7 to related parties
4,753 3,117 
Interest expense2,021 1,660 
General and administrative - including $246 and $172 to related parties
3,633 3,114 
Depreciation and amortization3,606 1,537 
Total expenses14,013 9,428 
Total revenues less total expenses(2,579)(2,329)
Equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures1,230 (1,345)
Equity in earnings from sale of unconsolidated joint ventures properties12,961  
Gain on sale of real estate6  
Income (loss) from continuing operations11,618 (3,674)
Income tax provision74 57 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations, net of taxes11,544 (3,731)
Net income attributable to non-controlling interest(36)(34)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$11,508 $(3,765)
Weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding:
Basic 17,561,802 17,319,222 
Diluted17,654,349 17,319,222 
Per share amounts attributable to common stockholders:
Basic and Diluted$0.62 $(0.22)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
4

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)


Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Net income (loss)$11,544 $(3,731)
Other comprehensive income :
Unrealized income on derivative instruments 5 
Other comprehensive income  5 
Comprehensive income (loss)11,544 (3,726)
Comprehensive (income) attributable to non-controlling interests(36)(35)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders$11,508 $(3,761)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive (Loss) income
Accumulated DeficitNon- Controlling InterestTotal
Balances, December 31, 2021$173 $258,161 $ $(55,378)$(5)$202,951 
Distributions - common stock - $0.23 per share
— — — (4,305)— (4,305)
Restricted stock and restricted stock units vesting2 (2)— — —  
Compensation expense - restricted stock and restricted stock units— 974 — — — 974 
Shares issued through equity offering program, net1 3,037 — — — 3,038 
Net income— — — 11,508 36 11,544 
Other comprehensive income— — — — —  
Comprehensive income11,544 
Balances, March 31, 2022$176 $262,170 $ $(48,175)$31 $214,202 





Common StockAdditional
Paid-In Capital
Accumulated
Other Comprehensive (Loss) income
Accumulated DeficitNon- Controlling InterestTotal
Balances, December 31, 2020$164 $245,605 $(19)$(67,978)$(84)$177,688 
Distributions - common stock - $0.22 per share
— — — (4,011)— (4,011)
Restricted stock vesting4 (4)— — —  
Compensation expense - restricted stock and restricted stock units— 538 — — — 538 
Net (loss) income — — — (3,765)34 (3,731)
Other comprehensive income— — 4 — 1 5 
Comprehensive loss(3,726)
Balances, March 31, 2021$168 $246,139 $(15)$(75,754)$(49)$170,489 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

6

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$11,544 $(3,731)
Adjustments to reconcile net income(loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization3,606 1,537 
Amortization of deferred financing costs52 80 
Amortization of debt fair value adjustment (89) 
Amortization of restricted stock and restricted stock units974 538 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures(1,230)1,345 
 Equity in earnings of sale of real estate of unconsolidated venture(12,961) 
Gain on sale of real estate(6) 
Increases and decreases from changes in other assets and liabilities:
(Increase) decrease in other assets(1,071)470 
Decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities(350)(87)
Net cash provided by operating activities469 152 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Improvements to real estate properties(802)(223)
Purchase of investment in joint venture(8,288) 
Proceeds from the sale of real estate 4,385  
Distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures19,796 3,881 
Contributions to unconsolidated joint ventures(2,122) 
Net cash provided by investing activities12,969 3,658 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Mortgage payoffs(14,558) 
Mortgage principal payments(410)(801)
Dividends paid(4,198)(3,777)
Proceeds from the sale of common stock 3,038  
Net cash used in financing activities(16,128)(4,578)


7

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Thousands)


Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:(2,690)(768)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period38,921 28,685 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$36,231 $27,917 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid during the period for interest$2,021 $1,587 
Cash paid for income taxes$1 $6 
Reclassification of property to held for sale$ $16,800 
Consolidation on buyout of partnership interest:
Increase in real estate assets$(36,802)
Increase in other assets(1,784)
Increase in mortgage payable27,062 
Increase in deferred loan costs(364)
Increase on accounts payable and accrued liabilities761 
Decrease in investment in unconsolidated joint ventures2,839 
$(8,288)

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements
8

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in Thousands)


       The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the consolidated statements of cash flows.
March 31,
20222021
Cash and cash equivalents$29,688 $19,406 
Restricted cash6,543 8,511 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, shown in consolidated statement of cash flows$36,231 $27,917 


9

BRT APARTMENTS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
March 31, 2022

Note 1 – Organization and Background

BRT Apartments Corp. (the "Company" or "BRT"), a Maryland corporation, owns, operates and to a lesser extent develops multi-family properties. The Company conducts its operations to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes.
These multi-family properties may be wholly owned by us or by unconsolidated joint ventures in which the Company contributes a significant portion of the equity. At March 31, 2022, the Company: (a) wholly owns eleven multi-family properties located in seven states with an aggregate of 2,864 units, and a carrying value of $326,350,000; (b) has interests, through unconsolidated entities, in 21 multi-family properties located in eight states with an aggregate of 6,121 units with a carrying value of $103,917,000 and; (c) has a 17.45% interest in a development project with a carrying value of $2,122,000. BRT's equity interests in these unconsolidated entities range from 17.45% to 80%. Most of the Company's properties are located in the Southeast United States and Texas.

The Company also owns and operates various other real estate assets. At March 31, 2022, the carrying value of the other real estate assets was $1,984,000.

Note 2 – Basis of Preparation

The accompanying interim unaudited consolidated financial statements, reflect all normal recurring adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the results for such interim periods. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. The consolidated audited balance sheet as of December 31, 2021, has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"). Accordingly, these unaudited statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited financial statements included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts and operations of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries.
The Company accounts for its investments in unconsolidated joint ventures under the equity method of accounting. For each venture, the Company evaluated the rights provided to each party in the venture to assess the consolidation of the venture. All investments in unconsolidated joint ventures have sufficient equity at risk to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support and, as a group, the holders of the equity at risk have power through voting rights to direct the activities of these ventures. As a result, none of these joint ventures are variable interest entities ("VIEs"). Additionally, as determined in accordance with GAAP, the Company does not exercise substantial operating control over these entities, and therefore the entities are not consolidated. These investments are recorded initially at cost, as investments in unconsolidated joint ventures, and subsequently adjusted for their share of equity in earnings, cash contributions and distributions. The distributions to each joint venture partner are determined pursuant to the applicable operating agreement and may not be pro-rata to the percentage equity interest each partner has in the applicable venture.
The joint venture that owns a property in Yonkers, New York, was determined not to be a VIE but is consolidated because the Company has controlling rights in such entity.
The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Substantially all of the Company's assets are comprised of multi- family real estate assets generally leased to tenants on a one-year basis. Therefore, the Company aggregates real estate assets for reporting purposes and operates in one reportable segment.

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Note 3 - Equity

Equity Distribution Agreements

On March 18, 2022, the Company entered into separate equity distribution agreements with two sales agents to sell an aggregate sales price of up to $40,000,000 of its common stock from time-to-time in an at-the-market offering. Effective as of March 18, 2022, the Company terminated the equity distribution agreements dated November 26, 2019, as amended March 31, 2021. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company sold 136,279 shares for an aggregate sales price of $3,081,825 before commissions and fees of $44,079. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company did not sell shares.
Common Stock Dividend Distribution
The Company declared a quarterly cash distribution of $0.23 per share, payable on April 7, 2022 to stockholders of record on March 24, 2022.

Stock Based Compensation

The Company's 2020 Incentive Plan (the "2020 Plan") permits the Company to grant: (i) stock options, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance shares awards and any one or more of the foregoing, for up to a maximum of 1,000,000 shares; and (ii) cash settled dividend equivalent rights in tandem with the grant of restricted stock units and certain performance based awards. As of March 31, 2022, 314,128 shares are available for issuance pursuant to awards under the 2020 Plan.

Restricted Stock Units
In June 2021, the Company issued restricted stock units (the "RSUs") to acquire up to 210,375 shares of common stock pursuant to the 2020 Plan. The RSUs entitled the recipients, subject to continued service through the applicable vesting date (i.e., March 31, 2024) to receive (i) the underlying shares if and to the extent certain performance and/or market conditions are satisfied at the vesting date, and (ii) an amount equal to the cash dividends that would have been paid from the grant date through the vesting date with respect to the shares of common stock underlying the RSUs if, when, and to the extent, the related RSUs vest. The shares underlying the RSUs are not participating securities but are contingently issuable shares.
Expense is recognized over the applicable vesting period on the RSUs which the Company expects to vest. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded $250,000 and $37,000, respectively, of compensation expense related to the amortization of unearned compensation with respect to the RSUs. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $1,997,000 and $2,248,000 of compensation expense, respectively, has been deferred and will be charged to expense over the remaining vesting period.
Restricted Stock
In January 2022, the Company granted 158,973 shares, of restricted stock pursuant to the 2020 Plan. As of March 31, 2022, an aggregate of 934,342 shares of unvested restricted stock are outstanding pursuant to the 2020 Incentive Plan and the 2018 Incentive Plan (the "2018 Plan"). No additional awards may be granted under the 2018 Plan. The shares of restricted stock vest five years from the date of grant and under specified circumstances, including a change in control, may vest earlier. For financial statement purposes, the restricted stock is not included in the outstanding shares shown on the consolidated balance sheets until they vest, but is included in the earnings per share computation.    
For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recorded $724,000 and $501,000 respectively, of compensation expense related to the amortization of unearned compensation with respect to the restricted stock awards. At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $9,986,000 and $7,332,000, respectively, has been deferred as unearned compensation and will be charged to expense over the remaining vesting periods of these restricted stock awards. The weighted average remaining vesting period of these shares of restricted stock is 3.1 years.
Stock Buyback
On September 13, 2021, the Board of Directors approved a new stock repurchase plan authorizing the Company, effective as of October 1, 2021, to repurchase up to $5,000,000 of shares of common stock through December 31, 2023. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company did not repurchase any shares of common stock.

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Per Share Data
Basic earnings (loss) per share is determined by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common stockholders for the applicable period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during such period. Net income is also allocated to the unvested restricted stock outstanding during each period, as the restricted stock is entitled to receive dividends and is therefore considered a participating security. The RSUs are excluded from the basic earnings per share calculation, as they are not participating securities.
Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into shares of common stock or resulted in the issuance of shares of common stock that share in the earnings of the Company. Diluted earnings per share is determined by dividing net income applicable to common stockholders for the applicable period by the weighted average number of shares of common stock deemed to be outstanding during such period.
In calculating diluted earnings per share, the Company, includes only those shares underlying the RSUs that it anticipates will vest based on management's current estimates. The Company excludes any shares underlying the RSUs from such calculation if their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of earnings per share calculations (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share:
Net Income (loss)$11,544 $(3,731)
Deduct net income attributable to non-controlling interests(36)(34)
Deduct (earnings) loss allocated to unvested restricted stock (574)163 
Net income (loss) available for common stockholders: basic and diluted$10,934 $(3,602)
Denominator for basic earnings per share:
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding17,561,802 17,319,222 
Effect of dilutive securities:
RSUs 92,547  (1)
Denominator for diluted earnings per share:
Weighted average number of shares17,654,349 17,319,222 
Earnings (loss) per common share, basic$0.62 $(0.22)
Earnings (loss) per common share, diluted$0.62 $(0.22)
______________________
(1) Excludes the shares underlying RSU's as their effect would have been anti-dilutive.

Note 4 - Leases

Lessor Accounting

The Company owns a commercial building leased to two tenants under operating leases expiring from 2024 to 2028, with tenant options to extend or terminate the leases. Revenues from such leases are reported as rental income, net, and are comprised of (i) lease components, which includes fixed lease payments and (ii) non-lease components, which includes reimbursements of property level operating expenses. The Company does not separate non-lease components from the related lease components, as the timing and pattern of transfer are the same, and accounts for the combined component in accordance with ASC 842.

Lessee Accounting

The Company is a lessee under a ground lease in Yonkers, NY which is classified as an operating lease. The ground lease expires September 30, 2024 and provides for one 21-year renewal option. As of March 31, 2022, the remaining lease term, including the renewal option deemed exercised, is 23.5 years.
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The Company is a lessee under a corporate office lease in Great Neck, New York, which is classified as an operating lease. The lease expires on December 31, 2031 and provides a five-year renewal option. As of March 31, 2022, the remaining lease term, including renewal options deemed exercised, is 14.8 years.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company's Right of Use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities were $2,518,000 and $2,589,000, respectively. As of December 31, 2021, the Company's ROU assets and lease liabilities were $2,568,000 and $2,629,000, respectively.

The discount rate applied to measure each ROU asset and lease liability is based on the Company’s incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”). The Company considers the general economic environment and its historical borrowing rate activity and factors in various financing and asset specific adjustments to ensure the IBR is appropriate to the intended use of the underlying lease. As the Company did not elect to apply the hindsight practical expedient, lease term assumptions determined under ASC 840 were carried forward and applied in calculating the lease liabilities recorded under ASC 842. The Company’s ground lease offers a renewal option which it assesses against relevant economic factors to determine whether it is reasonably certain of exercising or not exercising the option. Lease payments associated with renewal periods that the Company is reasonably certain will be exercised, if any, are included in the measurement of the corresponding lease liability and ROU asset.

Note 5 ‑ Real Estate Properties

Real estate properties, excluding real estate held for sale, consists of the following (dollars in thousands):

March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Land$42,158 $38,822 
Building315,279 281,841 
Building improvements10,156 9,354 
  Real estate properties367,593 330,017 
Accumulated depreciation(39,259)(36,467)
  Total real estate properties, net$328,334 $293,550 


A summary of real estate properties owned is as follows (dollars in thousands):
      

December 31, 2021
Balance
AdditionsCapitalized Costs and ImprovementsDepreciation Sale of PropertyMarch 31, 2022
Balance
Multi-family$291,538 $36,802 $802 $(2,792)$ $326,350 
Land - Daytona, FL4,379    (4,379) 
Retail shopping center and other2,012   (28) 1,984 
Total real estate properties$297,929 $36,802 $802 $(2,820)$(4,379)$328,334 
    
Property Acquisition

On March 23, 2022, the Company completed the purchase of its partners' remaining 28.1% interest in Verandas at Alamo, San Antonio, TX, for a purchase price of $8,721,000. As a result of this purchase, this property is wholly-owned and effective March 23, 2022, is included in the Company's consolidated results of operations and accounts, including mortgage debt (see note 9 - "Debt Obligations").

The Company determined that the gross assets purchased in this acquisition are concentrated in a single identifiable asset. Therefore, the transaction does not meet the definition of a business and is accounted for as an asset acquisition. The Company assessed the fair value of the tangible assets of the property as of the acquisition date using the cost accumulation and income approach which utilized a market capitalization rate of 4.5% which is a Level 3 unobservable input in the fair value hierarchy.
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The following table summarizes the allocation of the book value based on the proportionate share of the estimated fair value of the property on the acquisition date (dollars in thousands):

Purchase Price Allocation
Land$3,336 
Building and improvements33,404 
Total land and buildings36,740 
Acquisition related intangible assets797 
   Total Asset$37,537 
Acquisition related mortgage intangible$62 

Property Disposition
On February 2, 2022 the Company sold a vacant land parcel located in Daytona, Florida for a sales price of $4,700,000, and, after closing costs, recognized a nominal gain. In 2020, we recognized an impairment charge of $3,600,000 in connection with this property. At December 31, 2021, this property was classified as held-for-sale.

Note 6 - Impairment Charges

The Company reviews each real estate asset owned, including those held through investments in unconsolidated joint ventures, for impairment when there is an event or a change in circumstances indicating that the carrying amount may not be recoverable.

The Company measures and records impairment charges, and reduces the carrying value of owned properties, when indicators of impairment are present and the expected undiscounted cash flows related to those properties are less than their carrying amounts. For its unconsolidated joint venture investments, the Company measures and records impairment losses, and reduces the carrying value of the equity investment when indicators of impairment are present and the expected discounted cash flows related to the investment is less than the carrying value.

When the Company does not expect to recover its carrying value on properties held for use, the Company reduces its carrying value to fair value, and for properties held for sale, the Company reduces its carrying value to the fair value less costs to sell. When the Company does not expect to recover its carrying value on unconsolidated joint ventures that are under contract for sale, the Company, when it is determined that the sale is probable, reduces its carrying value to its fair value.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company did not record any impairment charges.
Note 7 - Restricted Cash
Restricted cash represents funds held for specific purposes and are therefore not available for general corporate purposes. The restricted cash reflected on the consolidated balance sheets represents funds that are held by the Company specifically for capital improvements at certain multi-family properties owned by unconsolidated joint ventures.













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Note 8 – Investment in Unconsolidated Ventures

At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company held interests in unconsolidated joint ventures that own 21 and 23 multi-family properties (the "Unconsolidated Properties"), respectively. The condensed balance sheets below present information regarding such properties (dollars in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
ASSETS
Real estate properties, net of accumulated depreciation of $125,930 and $133,615
$675,246 $734,247 
Cash and cash equivalents11,567 13,741 
Other assets 25,944 25,535 
Total Assets$712,757 $773,523 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Liabilities:
Mortgages payable, net of deferred costs of $3,244 and $3,423
$531,246 $584,479 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities10,266 17,064 
Total Liabilities541,512 601,543 
Commitments and contingencies
Equity:
Total unconsolidated joint venture equity171,245 171,980 
Total Liabilities and Equity$712,757 $773,523 
BRT's interest in joint venture equity$106,025 $112,347 

At the indicated dates, real estate properties of the unconsolidated joint ventures consist of the following (dollars in thousands):
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Land$92,378 $97,230 
Building678,140 739,577 
Building improvements30,658 31,055 
   Real estate properties801,176 867,862 
Accumulated depreciation(125,930)(133,615)
    Total real estate properties, net$675,246 $734,247 

At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the weighted average interest rate on the mortgages payable is 4.07% and 3.97%, respectively, and the weighted average remaining term to maturity is 7.64 years and 7.60 years , respectively.
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The condensed income statement below presents information regarding the Unconsolidated Properties (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Revenues:
Rental and other revenue$25,231 $32,672 
Total revenues25,231 32,672 
Expenses:
Real estate operating expenses11,169 15,703 
Interest expense6,026 8,522 
Depreciation6,636 10,385 
Total expenses23,831 34,610 
Total revenues less total expenses1,400 (1,938)
Other equity earnings55 9 
Impairment of assets  (2,323)
Insurance recoveries  2,323 
Gain on insurance recoveries515  
Gain on sale of real estate 23,652  
Loss on extinguishment of debt(30) 
Net income (loss) from joint ventures$25,592 $(1,929)
BRT's equity in earnings (loss) and equity in earnings from sale of unconsolidated joint venture properties$14,191 $(1,345)
Joint Venture Sales
On February 8, 2022, the unconsolidated joint venture in which the Company had a 65% equity interest sold The Verandas at Shavano, a 288-unit multi-family property in San Antonio, TX, for a sales price of $53,750,000. The gain on the sale of this property was $23,652,000 and BRT's share of the gain was $12,961,000. In connection with the sale, mortgage debt of $25,100,000 with 1.2 years of remaining term to maturity and bearing an interest rate of 3.61% was repaid.
Subsequent to March 31, 2022, the unconsolidated joint ventures in which the Company has a (i) 75% equity interest entered into a contract dated as of April 16, 2022 to sell Retreat at Cinco Ranch, a 268-unit multi family property in San Antonio, TX for $68,500,000 and (ii) 65% equity interest entered into a contract dated as of May 3, 2022 to sell The Vive, a 312-unit multi-family property in Kannapolis, NC for $92,000,000. The completion of these two sales are subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions and are not contingent upon the closing of one-another; it is anticipated that such sales will be completed during the quarter ending June 30, 2022.
Joint Venture Acquisitions
On March 10, 2022, the Company purchased a 17.45% interest in a planned 240-unit development property, Stono Oaks, located in Johns Island, SC. The purchase price for the interest, was $3,500,000, which includes $2,122,000 held in escrow at March 31, 2022.
Joint Venture Buyouts
On March 23, 2022, the Company completed its acquisition of the remaining 28.1% interest owned by its joint venture partner in the entity that owns Verandas at Alamo, a 288-unit multi-family property located in San Antonio, TX. The purchase price for the interest was $8,721,000. As a result of this purchase, Verandas at Alamo, effective as of the purchase date, is wholly-owned, and its operations and accounts are consolidated, including mortgage debt (see note 9 - "Debt Obligations").
Subsequent to March 31, 2022, the Company completed its acquisition of the remaining 21.6% interest owned by its joint venture partner in the entity that owns Vanguard Heights, a 174-unit multi-family property located in Creve Coeur, MO. The purchase price for the interest was $4,800,000. As a result of this purchase, Vanguard Heights, effective as of the purchase
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date, is wholly-owned and its operations and accounts will be consolidated, including mortgage debt in principal amount of $29,700,000 with an interest rate of 4.41% (interest only until July 2025) and maturing in July 2031.

Note 9 – Debt Obligations

Debt obligations consist of the following (dollars in thousands):
  March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Mortgages payable$212,862 $200,857 
Junior subordinated notes37,400 37,400 
Deferred financing costs(1,589)(1,277)
Total debt obligations, net of deferred costs$248,673 $236,980 

Mortgages Payable

At March 31, 2022, the weighted average interest rate on the Company's mortgage payables was 3.73% and the weighted average remaining term to maturity is 10.2 years. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, interest expense, which includes amortization of deferred financing costs, was $1,763,000 and $1,430,000, respectively.

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company paid off mortgage debt of $14,558,000 on a property.

On March 23, 2022, as a result of the purchase of its partners' remaining interests in Verandas at Alamo - San Antonio, TX, mortgage debt in principal amount of $27,000,000 with a fixed rate (i.e., 3.64% and interest only until October 2024 and a maturity of December 2029) will be included on the Company's consolidated balance sheet.

On April 7, 2022, as a result of the purchase of its partners' remaining interests in Vanguard Heights - Creve Coeur, MO, mortgage debt in principal amount of $29,700,000 with a fixed rate (i.e., 4.41% and interest only for until July 2025 and a maturity of July 2031) will be included on the Company's consolidated balance sheet.

Credit Facility
The Company's amended and restated credit facility dated November 18, 2021 with an affiliate of Valley National Bank ("VNB") allows the Company to borrow, subject to compliance with borrowing base requirements and other conditions, up to $35,000,000 to facilitate the acquisition of multi-family properties, repay mortgage debt secured by multi family properties and for operating expense (i.e.,working capital (including dividend payments)); provided that no more than $15,000,000 may be used for operating expenses. The facility is secured by the cash available in certain cash accounts maintained by the Company at VNB, matures November 2024 and bears an adjustable interest rate of 25 basis points over the prime rate, with a floor of 3.5%. The interest rate in effect as of March 31, 2022 is 3.75%. There is an unused facility fee of 0.25% per annum on the total amount committed by Valley National Bank and unused by the Company. At March 31, 2022, the Company is in compliance with all material respects with its obligations under the facility.

At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, there was no outstanding balance on the facility and $35,000,000 was available to be borrowed in both periods. Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, which includes amortization of deferred financing costs and unused fees, was $45,000 and $17,000, respectively. Deferred financing costs of $247,000 and $270,000, are recorded in other assets on the Consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.

Junior Subordinated Notes

At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the outstanding principal balance of the Company's junior subordinated notes was $37,400,000, before deferred financing costs of $292,000 and $297,000, respectively. The interest rate on the outstanding balance resets quarterly and is based on three months LIBOR + 2.00%. The rate in effect at March 31, 2022 and 2021 was 2.30% and 2.21%, respectively. The notes mature April 30, 2036.

The junior subordinated notes require interest only payments through the maturity date of April 30, 2036, at which time repayment of the outstanding principal and unpaid interest become due. Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, which includes amortization of deferred financing costs, was $212,000 and $214,000, respectively.
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Note 10 – Related Party Transactions

The Company has retained certain of its executive officers and Fredric H. Gould, a director, among other things, to participate in the Company's multi-family property analysis and approval process (which includes service on an investment committee), provide investment advice, and provide long-term planning and consulting with executives and employees with respect to other business matters, as required. The aggregate fees incurred for these services in each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were $367,000 and $350,000 , respectively.

Management of certain properties owned by the Company and certain joint venture properties is provided by Majestic Property Management Corp. ("Majestic Property"), a company wholly owned by Fredric H. Gould. Certain of the Company's officers and directors are also officers and directors of Majestic Property. Majestic Property may also provide real estate brokerage and construction supervision services to these properties. These fees amounted to $11,000 and $7,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Pursuant to a shared services agreement between the Company and several affiliated entities, including Gould Investors
L.P. ("Gould Investors"), the owner and operator of a diversified portfolio of real estate and other assets, and One Liberty Properties, Inc., a NYSE listed equity REIT, the (i) services of the part- time personnel that perform certain executive, administrative, legal, accounting and clerical functions and (ii) certain facilities and other resources, are provided to the Company. The allocation of expenses for the facilities, personnel and other resources shared by, among others, the Company and Gould Investors, is computed in accordance with such agreement and is included in general and administrative expense on the consolidated statements of operations. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, allocated general and administrative expenses reimbursed by the Company to Gould Investors pursuant to the shared services agreement aggregated $246,000 and $172,000, respectively. Jeffrey A. Gould and Matthew J. Gould, executive officers and directors of the Company are executive officers of Georgetown Partners, LLC, the managing general partner of Gould Investors.

Note 11 – Fair Value Measurements

Financial Instruments Not Carried at Fair Value

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets:

Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable (included in other assets), accounts payable and accrued liabilities: The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheets for these instruments approximate their fair value due to the short term nature of these accounts.

Junior subordinated notes: At March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the estimated fair value of the notes is lower than their carrying value by approximately $8,150,000 and $8,296,000, respectively, based on a market interest rate of 4.30% and 4.21%, respectively.

Mortgages payable: At March 31, 2022, the estimated fair value of the Company’s mortgages payable is lower than their carrying value by approximately $36,739,000, assuming market interest rates between 3.92% and 4.67%. At December 31, 2021, the estimated fair value of the Company's mortgages payable was greater than their carrying value by approximately $511,000, assuming market interest rates between 3.12% and 3.87%. Market interest rates were determined using rates which the Company believes reflects institutional lender yield requirements at the balance sheet dates.

Considerable judgment is necessary to interpret market data and develop estimated fair value. The use of different market assumptions and/or estimation methodologies may have a material effect on the estimated fair value.

Non-recurring fair value measurements

The Company reviews each investment in real estate and joint venture interests when events or circumstances change, indicating the carrying value of the investment may not be recoverable. In the evaluation of an investment for impairment, many factors are considered, including estimated current and expected cash flows from the asset during the projected hold period, costs necessary to extend the life of the asset, expected capitalization rates, projected stabilized net operating income, and the ability to hold or dispose of the asset in the ordinary course of business.

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Note 12 – Derivative Financial Instruments

Cash Flow Hedges of Interest Rate Risk

The Company's objective in using interest rate derivatives are to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements. To accomplish this objective, the Company primarily uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed-rate payments over the life of the agreements without exchange of the underlying notional amount.

The changes in the fair value of derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges is recorded in Accumulated Other Comprehensive income and is subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings.

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company did not have any outstanding interest rate derivatives that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk.

The following table presents the effect of the Company’s interest rate swaps on the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) for the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,
2021
Amount of (loss) gain recognized on derivative in Other Comprehensive Income$ 
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income into Interest expense$(5)
Total amount of Interest expense presented in the Consolidated Statements of Operations $1,660 

Note 13 – New Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standard Board issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848). ASU 2020-04 contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, lease, derivatives and other contracts. This guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. During the first quarter of 2020, the Company has elected to apply hedge accounting expedients related to probability and the assessments of effectiveness for future LIBOR-indexed cash flows to assume that the index upon which future hedged transactions will be based matches the index on the corresponding derivatives. Application of these expedients preserves the presentation of derivatives consistent with past presentation. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of the guidance and may apply other elections as applicable as additional changes in the market occur.

Note 14 – Subsequent Events
Subsequent events have been evaluated and any significant events, relative to our consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2022, that warrant additional disclosure, have been included in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.




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Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the "Quarterly Report"), together with other statements and information publicly disseminated by us, contains certain forward looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and include this statement for purposes of complying with these safe harbor provisions. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations, beliefs, projections, future plans and strategies, anticipated events or trends concerning matters that are not historical facts. Forward looking statements are generally identifiable by use of words such as "may," "will," "will likely result," "shall," "should," "could," "believe," "expect," "intend," "anticipate," "estimate," "project," "apparent," "experiencing," or similar expressions or variations thereof.

Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance taking into account the information currently available to us. These beliefs, assumptions and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us or within our control, and which could materially affect actual results, performance or achievements. Factors which may cause actual results to vary from our forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the governmental and non-governmental responses thereto;
general economic and business conditions, including those currently affecting our nation’s economy and real estate markets;
the availability of, and costs associated with, sources of capital and liquidity;
accessibility of debt and equity capital markets;
general and local real estate conditions, including any changes in the value of our real estate;
changes in Federal, state and local governmental laws and regulations, including laws and regulations relating to taxes and real estate and related investments;
the level and volatility of interest rates;
our acquisition strategy, which may not produce the cash flows or income expected;
the competitive environment in which we operate, including competition that could adversely affect our ability to acquire properties and/or limit our ability to lease apartments or increase or maintain rental income;
a limited number of multi-family property acquisition opportunities acceptable to us;
our multi-family properties are concentrated in the Southeastern United States and Texas, which makes us more susceptible to adverse developments in those markets;
risks associated with our strategy of acquiring value-add multi-family properties, which involves greater risks than more conservative strategies;
the condition of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which could adversely impact us;
our failure to comply with laws, including those requiring access to our properties by disabled persons, which could result in substantial costs;
insufficient cash flows, which could limit our ability to make required payments on our debt obligations;
our ability and the ability of our joint venture partners to maintain compliance with the covenants contained in our and our joint venture partners' debt facilities and debt instruments;
impairment in the value of real estate we own;
failure of property managers to properly manage properties;
disagreements with, or misconduct by, joint venture partners;
decreased rental rates or ancillary revenues, or increasing vacancy rates;
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our ability to lease units in newly acquired or newly constructed multi-family properties;
potential defaults on or non-renewal of leases by tenants;
creditworthiness of tenants;
our ability to successfully evaluate, finance, complete and integrate acquisitions, including the acquisitions of the interests of our joint venture partners in unconsolidated subsidiaries;
development and acquisition risks, including rising or unanticipated costs and failure of such acquisitions and developments to perform in accordance with projections;
the timing of acquisitions and dispositions;
our ability to reinvest the net proceeds of dispositions into more, or as favorable, acquisition opportunities;
potential natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes and floods;
board determinations as to timing and payment of dividends, if any, and our ability or willingness to pay future dividends;
financing risks, including the risks that our cash flows from operations may be  insufficient to meet required debt service obligations and we may be unable to refinance our existing debt upon maturity or obtain new financing on attractive terms or at all;
lack of or insufficient amounts of insurance to cover, among other things, losses from catastrophes;
our ability to maintain our qualification as a REIT;
possible environmental liabilities, including costs, fines or penalties that may be incurred due to necessary remediation of contamination of properties presently owned or previously owned by us or a subsidiary owned by us or acquired by us;
our dependence on information systems;
risks associated with breaches of our or our joint venture partners' information technology systems;
failure to comply with, or obtain waivers of, the provisions of, and covenants and coverage ratios in, our debt instruments;
risks associated with the stock ownership restrictions of the Code for REITs and the stock ownership limit imposed by our charter;
increases in real estate taxes at properties we acquire due to such acquisitions or other factors;
the other factors described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the "Annual Report"), including those factors set forth under the sections of such reports, as applicable, entitled "Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements," "Risk Factors," "Business," and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations".
We caution you not to rely on forward-looking statements since they involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which are, in some cases, beyond our control, and which could materially affect actual results, performance or achievements. Except to the extent otherwise required by applicable law or regulation, we undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

Overview
We are an internally managed real estate investment trust, also known as a REIT, that is focused on the ownership, operation and, to a lesser extent, development of multi-family properties. These properties may be wholly owned or by unconsolidated joint ventures in which we generally contribute a significant portion of the equity. At March 31, 2022, we: (i) wholly-own eleven multi-family with an aggregate of 2,864 units and a carrying value of $326.3 million; (ii) have ownership interests, through unconsolidated entities, in 21 multi-family properties with 6,121 units and a carrying value of $103.9 million; and (iii) have a 17.45% interest in a 240-unit multi-family development property with a carrying value of $2.1 million
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(excluding $1.4 million held in escrow). The 33 properties are located in 11 states; most of the properties are located in the Southeast United States and Texas. See "-Off Balance Sheet Arrangements" for information regarding the contributions to, and our reliance on, the cash flow and liquidity provided by the properties owned by our unconsolidated subsidiaries.
Challenges and Uncertainties Presented by COVID-19
The pandemic did not have a direct material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations; however, there were some direct negative effects (e.g., we were more conservative in raising rents, pursuing acquisitions and in implementing our value add program, all of which, if more aggressively pursued, may have allowed us to generate additional income). The impact of the pandemic on our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and prospects will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence.
Buyout of Interests in Joint Ventures
As disclosed in our Annual Report, our acquisition efforts in 2022 are focused on purchasing the remaining interests of our joint venture partners in joint ventures that own multifamily properties. We refer to such purchases as the “Partner Buyouts”. After a Partner Buyout is completed, such multifamily property will be wholly owned and the accounts and operations of such property will be included in our consolidated balance sheet and statements of operations, respectively, as of the date of completion of such purchase. We anticipate that our assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses will increase significantly as a result of these Partner Buyouts.

Due to the timing that contemplates that the sales of Retreat at Cinco Ranch and The Vive (the "Cinco/Vive Sales") described below ("-Property Dispositions - Dispositions of Joint Venture Properties - Contracts to Dispose of Joint Venture Properties") will be completed before all the Partner Buyouts described below (i.e., the Partner Buyouts completed or to be completed after March 31, 2022) are completed, and after giving effect to the Shavano Sale (as described below), it is expected that there may be a slight decline in operating results in the quarter ending June 30, 2022, and that after the Cinco/Vive Sales and the Partner Buyouts described below are completed, such transactions will not have a material impact in the short-term on our net income, funds from operations or adjusted funds from operations. After giving effect to the Cinco/Vive Sales and the Partner Buyouts described below, our consolidated balance sheet will include an additional (i) $217.4 million of mortgage debt with a weighted average remaining term to maturity of 6.5 years and a weighted average interest rate of 4.24 % and (ii) $302.2 million of real estate assets.

Completed Purchases of the Remaining Interests of Joint Venture Partners

During the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
On March 23, 2022, we completed the acquisition of the remaining 28.1% interest owned by our joint venture partners in the entity that owns Verandas at Alamo Ranch, a 288-unit multi-family property located in San Antonio, TX. The purchase price for the interest, which gives effect to the cost of purchasing the promote interest (as described under "-Contracts to Purchase the Remaining Interests of Joint Venture Partners") of our joint venture partner, was $8.7 million. As a result, this property is wholly-owned and effective March 23, 2022, is included in our consolidated operations and accounts, including mortgage debt in principal amount of $27 million with an interest rate of 3.64% and maturing in December 2029. We anticipate that in the quarter ending June 30, 2022, this property will generate approximately $1.2 million of rental revenues, $579,000 of real estate operating expenses, $258,000 of interest expense and $518,000 of depreciation. For the quarter ended March 31, 2022, the average occupancy rate at this property was 94.7% and the average monthly rental rate was $1,206.
Subsequent to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
On April 7, 2022, we acquired the remaining 21.6% interest owned by our joint venture partners in the entity that owns Vanguard Heights, a 174-unit multi-family property located in Creve Couer, MO. The purchase price for the interest, which gives effect to the cost of purchasing the promote interest of our joint venture partner, was $4.8 million. As a result, this property is wholly-owned by us and effective April 7, 2022, is included in our consolidated operations and accounts, including mortgage debt of $29.7 million with an interest rate of 4.41% and maturing in July 2031. We anticipate that in the quarter ending June 30, 2022, this property will generate approximately $900,000 of rental revenues, $367,000 of real estate operating expenses, $337,000 of interest expense and $495,000 of depreciation. For the quarter ended March 31, 2022, the average occupancy rate at this property was 93.1% and the average monthly rental rate was $1,569.

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Contracts to Purchase the Remaining Interests of Joint Venture Partners in Nine Unconsolidated Ventures
From February 17, 2022 through April 6, 2022, we entered into agreements to acquire the remaining interests of our joint venture partners in the unconsolidated joint ventures that own the properties identified below. It is anticipated that these transactions, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions, including the approval of the holders of the applicable mortgage debt, will be completed by August 1, 2022. Except as otherwise indicated, the mortgage debt reflected is currently on the property and after the completion of the applicable acquisition, will be included in our consolidated balance sheet (dollars in thousands):
Date of AgreementProperty NameLocationUnitsRemaining Interest to be PurchasedBook Value of Property at 3/31/22Purchase Price (1)Estimated Amount of Debt to be Included on our Consolidated Balance Sheet
February 2022Jackson SquareTallahassee, FL24220 %$25,102 $6,220 $21,524 
February 2022Grove at River PlaceMacon, GA24020 %12,829 7,485 11,481 
February 2022The Woodland ApartmentsBoerne, TX12020 %11,394 3,550 7,935 
March 2022Brixworth at Bridge StreetHuntsville, AL20820 %11,844 10,851 18,500 (2)
April 2022Abbotts RunWillmington, NC26420 %37,552 8,560 23,160 
April 2022
Civic Center I (3)
Southaven, MS39225 %30,831 18,063 27,544 
April 2022
Civic Center II (3)
Southaven, MS38425 %32,725 17,694 30,288 
April 2022Magnolia Pointe at MadisonMadison, AL20420 %18,474 7,132 15,000 
April 2022Somerset at TrussvilleBirmingham, AL32820 %40,300 9,785 32,250 
Total2,382$221,051 $89,340 $187,682 
____________________
(1) The purchase (i) price gives effect to the purchase of the "promote interest" (as more fully described in the Annual Report) of our joint venture partners and
(ii) is subject to customary closing and similar adjustments.
(2) The current mortgage debt of $11,184 is to be refinanced with approximately $18,500 of new ten-year mortgage debt with an anticipated interest rate of
4.25% (the "New Mortgage Debt").
(3) The completion of the sale of each of Civic Center I and Civic Center II is conditioned upon the closing of one another. The purchase price reflected for
each represents an allocation of the total purchase price based on number of units.

To fund these purchases, we anticipate using our available cash, a portion of the proceeds from the Cinco/Vive Sales, a portion of the proceeds of the New Mortgage Debt, funds from our at-the-market equity offering program and, funds from our credit facility. After a purchase is completed, such property will be wholly-owned and the accounts (i.e., the assets and liabilities), and operations of such property will be included directly, from the date of such purchase, in our consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statement of operations, respectively.

Property Dispositions

Dispositions of Joint Venture Properties
Completed Dispositions
On February 8, 2022, the unconsolidated joint venture which owned Verandas At Shavano, a 288-unit multi-family property in which we had a 65% interest, sold the property for $53.8 million and recognized a gain on the sale of this property of $23.7 million (the "Shavano Sale"). As a result of the sale, we recorded a gain of $13.0 million. The mortgage debt secured by this property and paid-off in connection with the sale was in principal amount of $25.1 million, had an interest rate of 3.61% and was scheduled to mature in May 2023. During 2021, this property contributed $526,000 of equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures.
Contracts to Dispose of Joint Venture Properties
In April 2022, the unconsolidated joint venture that owns Retreat at Cinco Ranch, located in Katy, Texas, in which we hold a 75% equity interest, entered into an agreement to sell the property for $68.5 million. This property, which as of March 31, 2022, had mortgage debt of $30.2 million, with a remaining term to maturity of 3.8 years and an interest rate of 4.44%, contributed $336,000 of equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures in 2021. We anticipate that our share of the gain, after giving effect to our approximate $1.1 million share of the mortgage prepayment charge, will be approximately $16.4 million.
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In May 2022, the unconsolidated joint venture that owns The Vive, a 312-unit multi-family property located in Kannapolis, NC, in which we hold a 65% equity interest, entered into an agreement to sell the property for $92.0 million. This property, which as of March 31, 2022, had mortgage debt of $31.6 million, with a remaining term to maturity of 30 years and an interest rate of 3.52%, contributed $77,000 of equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures in 2021. We anticipate that our share of the gain, after giving effect to our approximate $738,000 share of the mortgage prepayment charge, will be approximately $21.5 million.
We anticipate that the Cinco/Vive Sales will be completed, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions, during the quarter ending June 30, 2022.
Sale of Vacant Land Parcel
On February 2, 2022, we completed the sale of a vacant land parcel located in Daytona, Florida for a sales price of $4.7 million, and, after closing costs, recognized a nominal gain. In 2020, we recognized an impairment charge of $3.6 million in connection with this property. At December 31, 2021, this property was classified as held-for-sale.

Other Activities During the Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
Investment in Multi-Family Development Project
On March 10, 2022, we purchased a 17.45% interest in Stono Oaks, a planned 240-unit ground-up multi-family development, located in Johns Island, SC. The purchase price for the interest was $3.5 million, including $1.4 million held in escrow. We anticipate that this project will be completed in the fourth quarter of 2023.
Debt Reduction
In addition to the debt pay-offs described in "-Completed Purchases of the Remaining Interests of Joint Venture Partner" in connection with property dispositions, we paid-off, one month prior to its maturity, mortgage debt of $14.6 million bearing an interest rate of 4.29% on the Avalon Apartments-Pensacola, FL (the "Avalon Debt").

Sale of Common Stock Pursuant to the ATM Program

We sold 136,279 shares pursuant to our ATM sales program at an average price of $22.61 per share. Net proceeds after commissions and fees was $3.0 million.


Results of Operations – Three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to three months ended March 31, 2021.
As used herein, the term "same store properties" refers to operating properties that were owned for the entirety of the periods presented. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, there were seven same store properties in our consolidated portfolio.

Revenues

The following table compares our revenues for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands):20222021Increase
(Decrease)
%
Change
Rental and other revenue from real estate properties$11,430 $7,095 $4,335 61.1 
Other income— — 
Total revenues$11,434 $7,099 $4,335 61.1 


Rental and other revenue from real estate properties

The increase is due to the following changes:

$4.4 million due to the Partner Buyouts at four properties(i.e., primarily Bells Bluff, Crestmont at Thornblade, Crossings of Bellevue in 2021 and, to a lesser extent, Verandas at Alamo Ranch in February 2022 (collectively, the “Consolidating Transactions”)); and
$614,000 primarily due to an increase in average rental rates at same store properties.
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Offsetting the increase is a $739,000 decrease due to the sale of the Kendall Manor property in May 2021 (the "Kendall Sale").


Expenses

The following table compares our expenses for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)20222021Increase
(Decrease)
% Change
Real estate operating expenses$4,753 $3,117 $1,636 52.5 
Interest expense2,021 1,660 361 21.7 
General and administrative3,633 3,114 519 16.7 
Depreciation and amortization3,606 1,537 2,069 134.6 
Total expenses$14,013 $9,428 $4,585 48.6 

Real estate operating expense.

The increase is due primarily to:

the inclusion of $1.9 million relating to the Consolidating Transactions; and
$224,000 at same store properties due to increases across most expense categories.

The increase was offset by a decline of $456,000 due to the Kendall Sale.

Interest expense.

The change is due to a $1.0 million increase from the inclusion of interest expense related to the Consolidating Transactions. This was offset by a $664,000 decrease due to the payoff of $31.9 million of mortgage debt in 2021 and, to a lesser extent, the payoff of the Avalon Debt in the current period. See Item 3 "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks" for information regarding the impact of changing interest rates on our floating rate junior subordinated notes.

General and administrative.

The increase is due primarily to a $436,000 increase in non-cash compensation expense including increased amortization of:
$213,000 relating to the grant of performance and market based restricted stock units (the "RSUs") in June 2021;
$130,000 with respect to restricted stock granted in June 2021; and
$93,000 due to the restricted stock granted in January 2021 (as a result of the higher fair value of the shares granted in in 2021 in comparison to the restricted stock granted in 2016).

Depreciation and amortization
The increase is due primarily to the inclusion of $2.2 million of such expense from the Consolidating Transactions.


Unconsolidated Joint Ventures - Results of Operations

Equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures.
The table below reflects the condensed income statements of our Unconsolidated Properties. In accordance with US generally accepted accounting principles, each of the line items in the chart below (other than equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures) is presented as if these properties are wholly owned by us although our equity interests in these properties ranges from 17.45% to 80% (see note 8 of our consolidated financial statements) (dollars in thousands):

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Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021Increase
 (Decrease)
% change
Rental and other revenues from unconsolidated joint ventures$25,231 $32,672 $(7,441)(22.8)%
Real estate operating expense from unconsolidated joint ventures11,169 15,703 (4,534)(28.9)%
Interest expense from unconsolidated joint ventures6,026 8,522 (2,496)(29.3)%
Depreciation from unconsolidated joint ventures6,636 10,385 (3,749)(36.1)%
Total expenses from unconsolidated joint ventures23,831 34,610 (10,779)(31.1)%
Total revenues less total expenses from unconsolidated joint ventures1,400 (1,938)3,338 172.2 %
Other equity earnings 55 46 511.1 %
Impairment of assets from unconsolidated joint ventures— (2,323)2,323 N/A
Insurance recoveries from unconsolidated joint ventures — 2,323 (2323)N/A
Gain on insurance recoveries515 — 515 N/A
Loss on extinguishment of debt(30)— (30)N/A
Gain on sale of real estate23,652 — 23,652 N/A
Net income (loss)$25,592 $(1,929)$27,521 N/A
Equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures and equity in earnings from sale of unconsolidated joint venture properties $14,191 $(1,345)$15,536 
Set forth below is an explanation of the most significant changes in the components of the equity in earnings (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures. Same store properties at Unconsolidated Properties represent 27 properties that were owned for the entirety of the periods being compared and excludes four properties, three of which were sold and the fourth which is the subject of the Consolidating Transaction.
Rental and other revenues from unconsolidated joint ventures
The decrease is composed of :

$4.5 million from the sale in 2021 of the properties by the unconsolidated joint ventures which owned The Avenue Apartments-Ocoee, FL and Parc at 980-Lawrenceville, GA (collectively, the "Avenue/Parc Sales");
$3.4 million from the Consolidating Transactions;
$1.4 million from the sale in 2021 of our interests in the unconsolidated joint ventures that owned Anatole Apartments-Daytona Beach, FL and Tower at Opop and Lofts at Opop-St. Louis, MO (collectively, the "Anatole/Opop Sales"); and
$514,000 due to the Shavano Sale.

Offsetting the decrease was $2.4 million increase from same store sales, including $1.7 million from increased rental rates, $545,000 from increased occupancy, and $177,000 from increased ancillary fees.

Real estate operating expenses from unconsolidated joint ventures
The decrease is composed of:

$1.9 million from the Avenue/Parc Sales;
$1.7 million from the Consolidating Transactions;
$843,000 from the Anatole/Opop Sales; and
$239,000 from the Shavano Sale.

Offsetting this decrease was a $193,000 increase in such expenses at same store properties, with expenses generally increasing across most expense categories.


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Interest expense from unconsolidated joint ventures.
The decrease is due to the decrease in mortgage debt due to property sales and the Consolidated Transactions-in particular:
$1.1 million from the Avenue/Parc Sales;
$913,000 from the Consolidating Transactions; and
$464,000 from the Anatole/Opop Sales.

Depreciation from unconsolidated joint ventures
The decrease is composed of:
$1.4 million from the Avenue/Parc Sale;
$1.4 million from the Consolidating Transactions;
$511,000 from the Anatole/Opop Sales; and
$314,000 from the Shavano Sale.

Impairment charges from unconsolidated joint ventures

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recognized $2.3 million of impairment charges at three properties located in Texas due to storm damage in 2021 (the "Texas Storm"); there were no comparable charges in the current period.

Insurance recoveries from unconsolidated joint ventures

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recognized $2.3 million of insurance recoveries related to the impairment charges resulting from the Texas Storm; there were no comparable recoveries in the current period.

Gain on insurance recoveries from unconsolidated joint ventures.
In the three months ended March 31, 2022, we recognized $515,000 in gains primarily due to the fact that the amounts we received on claims related to insurance recoveries from the Texas Storm exceeded the assets previously written-off.
Gain on sale of real estate from unconsolidated joint ventures
See "- Completed Dispositions" for information about the gain from the Shavano Sale. There was no comparable gain in the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
We require funds to pay operating expenses and debt service obligations, acquire properties (including the acquisition of interests of our joint venture partners) , make capital and other improvements, fund capital contributions, pay dividends and, to the extent we deem appropriate, reduce, other than in the ordinary course, our indebtedness over time. Generally, our primary sources of capital and liquidity are the operations of our multi-family properties (including distributions from the operations of our multi-family joint ventures and distributions from sale transactions), mortgage debt financings and re-financings, our share of the proceeds from the sale of properties, the sale of shares of our common stock pursuant to our at-the-market equity distribution program, borrowings from our credit facility and our available cash (including restricted cash). On March 31, 2022 and May 2, 2022, our cash and cash equivalents, were approximately $29.7 million and $21.5 million, respectively, and excludes funds held at our unconsolidated joint ventures.
We anticipate that from April 1, 2022 through 2024, our operating expenses, $104.5 million of mortgage amortization and interest expense, and $25.7 million of balloon payments (including $78.8 million and $10.8 million, respectively, from unconsolidated joint ventures) due with respect to mortgages maturing from 2022 to 2024, estimated cash dividend payments of at least $47.0 million (assuming (i) the current quarterly dividend rate of $0.23 per share and (ii) 18.6 million shares outstanding), will be funded from cash generated from operations (including distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures), sales of properties and, to the extent available, our credit facility. Our operating cash flow and available cash is insufficient to fully fund the $25.7 million of balloon payments, and if we are unable to refinance such debt, we may need to issue additional equity or dispose of properties, in each case on potentially unfavorable terms.
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See "Contracts to Purchase the Remaining Interests of Joint Venture Partners in Nine Unconsolidated Ventures" for information regarding the source of funding to effectuate the Partner Buyouts of nine multi-family properties owned by unconsolidated joint ventures.

At March 31, 2022, we had mortgage debt of $747.3 million (including $534.5 million of mortgage debt of our unconsolidated subsidiaries). The mortgage debt at our: (i) consolidated subsidiaries had a weighted average interest rate of 3.73% and a weighted average remaining term to maturity of approximately 10.2 years, and (ii) at our unconsolidated subsidiaries had a weighted average interest rate of 4.07% and a remaining term to maturity of approximately 7.6 years.