Company Quick10K Filing
Biorestorative Therapies
Price0.23 EPS-1
Shares24 P/E-0
MCap5 P/FCF-1
Net Debt0 EBIT-13
TEV6 TEV/EBIT-0
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-13
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-14
S-1 2019-04-26 Public Filing
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-15
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-03-29
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-13
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-14
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-15
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-04-02
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-14
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-14
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-15
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-22
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-14
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-15
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-13
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-03-30
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-23
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-14
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-15
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-13
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-14
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-14
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-04-11
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-19
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-19
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-15
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-04-02
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-05
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-14
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-14
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-04-16
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-21
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-17
8-K 2020-04-23
8-K 2020-03-30
8-K 2020-03-16
8-K 2020-02-28
8-K 2020-02-20
8-K 2020-02-20
8-K 2020-02-13
8-K 2020-02-11
8-K 2020-02-03
8-K 2020-01-27
8-K 2020-01-20
8-K 2020-01-10
8-K 2020-01-08
8-K 2019-12-31
8-K 2019-12-19
8-K 2019-12-12
8-K 2019-12-02
8-K 2019-11-20
8-K 2019-11-13
8-K 2019-11-01
8-K 2019-10-30
8-K 2019-10-16
8-K 2019-10-07
8-K 2019-09-30
8-K 2019-08-30
8-K 2019-08-21
8-K 2019-07-26
8-K 2019-07-11
8-K 2019-06-18
8-K 2019-06-06
8-K 2019-05-30
8-K 2019-05-22
8-K 2019-05-07
8-K 2019-04-30
8-K 2019-04-18
8-K 2019-02-19
8-K 2019-02-06
8-K 2019-01-22
8-K 2019-01-04
8-K 2018-12-21
8-K 2018-12-13
8-K 2018-11-20
8-K 2018-10-28
8-K 2018-10-15
8-K 2018-10-04
8-K 2018-09-20
8-K 2018-09-06
8-K 2018-08-31
8-K 2018-08-21
8-K 2018-08-06
8-K 2018-06-27
8-K 2018-05-31
8-K 2018-05-24
8-K 2018-01-16
8-K 2018-01-12

BRTX 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Note 1 - Business Organization and Nature of Operations
Note 2 - Going Concern and Management's Plans
Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 4 - Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities
Note 5 - Notes Payable
Note 6 - Commitments and Contingencies
Note 7 - Stockholders' Deficiency
Note 8 - Derivative Liabilities
Note 9 - Subsequent Events
Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4: Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-3.1 ex3-1.htm
EX-31.1 ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 ex31-2.htm
EX-32 ex32.htm

Biorestorative Therapies Earnings 2019-09-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
2.5-1.0-4.5-8.0-11.5-15.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.2-1.8-3.9-5.9-8.0-10.02012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
2.41.50.6-0.2-1.1-2.02012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 form10-q.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

(Mark One)

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2019

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from to

 

Commission file number: 000-54402

 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   91-1835664

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

40 Marcus Drive,

Melville, New York

  11747
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (631) 760-8100

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
None   N/A   N/A

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ]   Accelerated filer [  ]
         
Non-accelerated filer [X]   Smaller reporting company [X]
         
Emerging growth company [X]      

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act): Yes [  ] No [X]

 

As of November 11, 2019, there were 30,761,527 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

   

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

FORM 10-Q

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
   
ITEM 1. Financial Statements.  
   
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018 3
 
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 4
   
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficiency for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 5
   
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficiency for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 6
   
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 7
   
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 9
   
ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. 27
   
ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk. 35
   
ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures. 35
   
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
   
ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings. 36
   
ITEM 1A. Risk Factors.  36
   
ITEM 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds. 36
   
ITEM 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities. 36
   
ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures. 36
   
ITEM 5. Other Information. 36
   
ITEM 6. Exhibits. 37
   
SIGNATURES 38

 

 2 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. Financial Statements.

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   September 30, 2019   December 31, 2018 
   (unaudited)     
Assets          
Current Assets:          
Cash  $98,113   $117,523 
Accounts receivable   38,000    29,000 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   64,741    34,464 
Total Current Assets   200,854    180,987 
           
Property and equipment, net   105,619    175,235 
Intangible assets, net   757,888    814,059 
Security deposit   22,100    22,100 
Deferred offering costs   371,725    - 
Total Assets  $1,458,186   $1,192,381 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficiency          
           
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $1,743,596   $1,893,827 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities   2,625,423    2,302,176 
Accrued interest   628,976    338,619 
Current portion of notes payable, net of debt discount of $733,886 and $936,866 at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   7,526,128    3,625,659 
Derivative liabilities   1,191,108    1,094,607 
Total Current Liabilities   13,715,231    9,254,888 
Accrued expenses, non-current portion   -    36,500 
Accrued interest, non-current portion   14,345    18,137 
Notes payable, non-current portion, net of debt discount of $78,919 and $75,497 at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively   157,143    523,894 
Total Liabilities   13,886,719    9,833,419 
           
Commitments and contingencies (See Note 6)          
           
Stockholders’ Deficiency:          

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value;

Authorized, 20,000,000 shares;

None issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and

December 31, 2018

   -    - 

Common stock, $0.001 par value;

Authorized, 300,000,000 shares;

Issued and outstanding 23,717,754 and 11,728,394 shares

at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

   23,717    11,728 
Additional paid-in capital   64,567,341    55,269,490 
Accumulated deficit   (77,019,591)   (63,922,256)
Total Stockholders’ Deficiency   (12,428,533)   (8,641,038)
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficiency  $1,458,186   $1,192,381 

 

See Notes to these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 3 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

 

(unaudited)

 

   For The Three Months Ended   For The Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Revenues  $38,000   $26,000   $98,000   $82,000 
                     
Operating Expenses:                    
Marketing and promotion   156,179    155,161    280,865    213,715 
Consulting   373,975    417,601    1,507,582    1,268,485 
Research and development   409,815    357,436    1,306,544    1,137,381 
General and administrative   917,027    284,472    3,279,145    2,932,162 
Total Operating Expenses   1,856,996    1,214,670    6,374,136    5,551,743 
Loss From Operations   (1,818,996)   (1,188,670)   (6,276,136)   (5,469,743)
                     
Other Expense:                    
Interest expense   (394,816)   (257,298)   (1,039,727)   (648,940)
Amortization of debt discount   (1,487,501)   (540,488)   (3,221,904)   (1,884,116)
Loss on extinguishment of notes payable, net   (1,290,623)   (320,383)   (2,291,218)   (384,171)
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   (65,037)   (615,322)   (268,350)   (557,274)
Warrant modification expense   -    (3,100)   -    (3,100)
Total Other Expense   (3,237,977)   (1,736,591)   (6,821,199)   (3,477,601)
Net Loss  $(5,056,973)  $(2,925,261)  $(13,097,335)  $(8,947,344)
                     
Net Loss Per Share                    
- Basic and Diluted  $(0.23)  $(0.39)  $(0.74)  $(1.32)
                     
Weighted Average Number of                    
Common Shares Outstanding                    
- Basic and Diluted   21,520,371    7,410,350    17,601,908    6,796,761 

 

See Notes to these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 4 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficiency

 

(unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended September 30, 2019 
           Additional         
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
Balance - July 1, 2019   19,793,477   $19,793   $63,000,354   $(71,962,618)  $(8,942,471)
                          

Shares issued in exchange for notes

payable and accrued interest

   3,924,277    3,924    1,161,373    -    1,165,297 
                          
Reclassification of derivative liabilities to equity   -    -    171,569    -    171,569 
                          
Stock-based compensation:                         
- options   -    -    234,045    -    234,045 
                          
Net loss   -    -    -    (5,056,973)   (5,056,973)
Balance - September 30, 2019   23,717,754   $23,717   $64,567,341   $(77,019,591)  $(12,428,533)

 

   Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 
           Additional         
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
Balance - July 1, 2018   6,747,501   $6,747   $47,551,776   $(57,426,536)  $(9,868,013)
                          
Shares and warrants issued for cash   60,000    60    74,940    -    75,000 
                          

Conversion of notes payable and accrued

interest into common stock

   70,406    70    57,662    -    57,732 
                          

Shares issued in exchange for notes

payable and accrued interest

   1,785,599    1,786    3,696,803    -    3,698,589 
                          

Shares issued and recorded as debt

discount inconnection with notes payable issuances or extensions

   23,333    23    33,973    -    33,996 
                          

Beneficial conversion features related to

convertible notes payable

   -    -    47,876    -    47,876 
                          
Warrant modifications   -    -    3,100    -    3,100 
                          
Reclassification of derivative liabilities to equity   -    -    105,187    -    105,187 
                          
Stock-based compensation:                         
- common stock   35,000    35    52,465    -    52,500 
- options and warrants   -    -    (218,853)   -    (218,853)
                          
Net loss   -    -    -    (2,925,261)   (2,925,261)
Balance - September 30, 2018   8,721,839   $8,721   $51,404,929   $(60,351,797)  $(8,938,147)

 

See Notes to these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 5 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficiency - Continued

 

(unaudited)

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019 
           Additional         
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
Balance - January 1, 2019   11,728,394   $11,728   $55,269,490   $(63,922,256)  $(8,641,038)
                          
Shares and warrants issued for cash   2,191,111    2,191    254,120    -    256,311 
                          

Shares issued in satisfaction of accrued

consulting services

   10,000    10    7,190    -    7,200 
                          

Shares issued in exchange for notes

payable and accrued interest

   9,634,376    9,634    4,729,383    -    4,739,017 
                          

Shares issued and recorded as debt

discount in connection with notes payable issuances or extensions

   78,873    79    61,141    -    61,220 
                          

Reclassification of derivative liabilities to equity

   -    -    2,809,565    -    2,809,565 
                          
Stock-based compensation:                         
- common stock   75,000    75    29,925    -    30,000 
- options   -    -    1,406,527    -    1,406,527 
                          
Net loss   -    -    -    (13,097,335)   (13,097,335)
Balance - September 30, 2019   23,717,754   $23,717   $64,567,341   $(77,019,591)  $(12,428,533)

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 
           Additional         
   Common Stock   Paid-In   Accumulated     
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Total 
Balance - January 1, 2018   6,112,473   $6,112   $44,561,773   $(51,404,453)  $(6,836,568)
                          
Shares and warrants issued for cash   70,000    70    99,930    -    100,000 
                          

Exercise of warrant for purchase of

common stock

   207,084    207    413,961    -    414,168 
                          

Shares and warrants issued in satisfaction

of accrued consulting services

   19,000    19    37,981    -    38,000 
                          

Conversion of notes payable and accrued

interest into common stock

   97,424    97    110,539    -    110,636 
                          

Shares and warrants issued in exchange

for notes payable and accrued interest

   2,106,525    2,107    4,338,074    -    4,340,181 
                          

Shares issued and recorded as debt

discount in connection with notes payable issuances or extensions

   74,333    74    121,379    -    121,453 
                          
Warrant modifications   -    -    3,100    -    3,100 
                          

Beneficial conversion features related to

convertible notes payable

   -    -    69,394    -    69,394 
                          
Reclassification of derivative liabilities to equity   -    -    105,187    -    105,187 
                          
Stock-based compensation:                         
- common stock   35,000    35    52,465    -    52,500 
- options and warrants   -    -    1,491,146    -    1,491,146 
                          
Net loss   -    -    -    (8,947,344)   (8,947,344)
Balance - September 30, 2018   8,721,839   $8,721   $51,404,929   $(60,351,797)  $(8,938,147)

 

See Notes to these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 6 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

(unaudited)

 

   For The Nine Months Ended 
   September 30, 
   2019   2018 
Cash Flows From Operating Activities          
Net loss  $(13,097,335)  $(8,947,344)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:          
Amortization of debt discount   3,221,904    1,884,116 
Accretion of interest expense   375,344    427,908 
Depreciation and amortization   161,418    183,070 
Stock-based compensation   1,492,527    1,579,046 
Loss on extinguishment of note payables, net   2,291,218    384,171 
Gain on settlement of payables   (29,300)   - 
Change in fair value of derivative liabilities   268,350    557,274 
Consulting services provided in exchange for notes payble   -    131,935 
Warrant modification expense   -    3,100 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable   (9,000)   12,000 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   (30,277)   (20,637)
Accounts payable   (379,028)   (342,725)
Accrued interest, expenses and other current liabilities   626,436    596,544 
Total adjustments   7,989,592    5,395,802 
Net Cash Used In Operating Activities   (5,107,743)   (3,551,542)
           
Cash Flows From Investing Activities          
Purchases of property and equipment   (35,631)   (12,869)
Net Cash Used In Investing Activities   (35,631)   (12,869)
           
Cash Flows From Financing Activities          
Offering costs incurred   (14,428)   - 
Proceeds from notes payable   8,332,727    3,062,217 
Repayments of notes payable - principal   (3,536,605)   (351,571)
Repayments of notes payable - prepayment premiums   (813,730)   (81,709)
Advances from officers and a family member of an officer   -    38,500 
Repayments of advances from officers and a family member of an officer   -    (38,500)
Proceeds from exercise of warrants   -    414,168 
Sales of common stock and warrants for cash   1,156,000    175,000 
Net Cash Provided By Financing Activities   5,123,964    3,218,105 
           
Net Decrease In Cash   (19,410)   (346,306)
           
Cash at beginning of period   117,523    451,680 
Cash at end of period  $98,113   $105,374 

 

See Notes to these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 7 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Continued

 

(unaudited)

 

   For The Nine Months Ended 
   September 30, 
   2019   2018 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:          
Cash paid during the period for:          
Interest  $232,693   $21,625 
Income tax  $-   $- 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Warrant modifications  $-   $3,100 
Shares issued and recorded as debt discount in connection with notes payable issuances or extensions  $61,220   $121,453 
Shares issued in exchange for notes payable and accrued interest  $4,739,017   $4,340,181 
Conversion of notes payable and accrued interest into common stock  $-   $110,636 
Shares and warrants issued in satisfaction of accrued consulting services  $7,200   $38,000 
Bifurcated embedded conversion options and warrants recorded as derivative liability and debt discount  $3,680,226   $1,938,759 
Beneficial conversion features recorded as debt discount  $-   $69,394 
Reclassification of derivative liabilities to equity  $2,809,565   $105,187 
Warrants issued for consulting services recorded as derivative liabilities  $56,000   $- 
Accrued interest reclassified to notes payable principal  $23,013   $- 
Offering costs in accounts payable and accrued expenses  $357,297   $- 
Original issue discount in connection with notes payable  $547,348   $309,729 
Consulting services provided in exchange for notes payable  $-   $131,935 

 

See Notes to these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 8 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Note 1 – Business Organization and Nature of Operations

 

BioRestorative Therapies, Inc. has one wholly-owned subsidiary, Stem Pearls, LLC (“Stem Pearls”). BioRestorative Therapies, Inc. and its subsidiary are referred to collectively as “BRT” or the “Company” (See Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – Principles of Consolidation). BRT develops therapeutic products and medical therapies using cell and tissue protocols, primarily involving adult stem cells. BRT’s website is at www.biorestorative.com. BRT is currently developing a Disc/Spine Program referred to as “brtxDISC”. Its lead cell therapy candidate, BRTX-100, is a product formulated from autologous (or a person’s own) cultured mesenchymal stem cells collected from the patient’s bone marrow. The product is intended to be used for the non-surgical treatment of painful lumbosacral disc disorders. BRT is also engaging in research efforts with respect to a platform technology utilizing brown adipose (fat) for therapeutic purposes to treat type 2 diabetes, obesity and other metabolic disorders and has labeled this initiative its ThermoStem Program. Further, BRT has licensed a patented curved needle device that is a needle system designed to deliver cells and/or other therapeutic products or material to the spine and discs or other potential sites.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, such statements include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring items) which are considered necessary for a fair presentation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company as of September 30, 2019 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year ending December 31, 2019 or any other period. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related disclosures of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and for the year then ended, which were filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form 10-K on March 29, 2019.

 

Note 2 – Going Concern and Management’s Plans

 

As of September 30, 2019, the Company had a working capital deficiency and a stockholders’ deficiency of $13,514,377 and $12,428,533, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company incurred net losses of $5,056,973 and $13,097,335, respectively. These conditions indicate that there is substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern within the next twelve months from the filing date of this report.

 

The Company’s primary source of operating funds since inception has been equity and debt financings. The Company intends to continue to raise additional capital through debt and equity financings. There is no assurance that these funds will be sufficient to enable the Company to fully complete its development activities or attain profitable operations. If the Company is unable to obtain such additional financing on a timely basis or, notwithstanding any request the Company may make, the Company’s debt holders do not agree to convert their notes into equity or extend the maturity dates of their notes, the Company may have to curtail its development, marketing and promotional activities, which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations, and ultimately the Company could be forced to discontinue its operations and liquidate.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP, which contemplate continuation of the Company as a going concern and the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The carrying amounts of assets and liabilities presented in the financial statements do not necessarily purport to represent realizable or settlement values. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustment that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 9 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Subsequent to September 30, 2019, the Company has received aggregate equity financings and debt proceeds of $500,000 and $1,363,625, respectively, debt (inclusive of accrued interest) of $250,571 has been exchanged for common stock, $1,412,202 of debt (inclusive of accrued interest) has been repaid, and the due date for the repayment of $91,539 of debt has been extended to July 2020. As a result, the Company expects to have the cash required to fund its operations through December 2019 while it continues to apply efforts to raise additional capital, including through a contemplated public offering of its equity securities. While there can be no assurance that it will be successful, the Company is seeking to raise additional capital. As of the filing date of this report, the Company has notes payable with an aggregate principal balance of $593,400 which are past due. See Note 7 – Stockholders’ Deficiency and Note 9 – Subsequent Events for details.

 

Between May 2019 and August 2019, holders of the Company’s notes in the aggregate principal amount of $1,565,000 entered into agreements with the Company pursuant to which the parties have agreed to exchange such notes for shares of the Company’s common stock and warrants in connection with the closing of the contemplated public offering. See Note 5 – Notes Payable – Related Party Notes; and – Convertible Notes.

 

Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the accounts of Stem Pearls. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the dates of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the periods. The Company’s significant estimates and assumptions include the recoverability and useful lives of long-lived assets, the fair value of the Company’s stock, stock-based compensation, warrants issued in connection with notes payable, derivative liabilities and the valuation allowance related to the Company’s deferred tax assets. Certain of the Company’s estimates, including the carrying amount of the intangible assets, could be affected by external conditions, including those unique to the Company and general economic conditions. It is reasonably possible that these external factors could have an effect on the Company’s estimates and could cause actual results to differ from those estimates.

 

Deferred Offering Costs

 

Deferred offering costs, which primarily consist of direct, incremental professional fees incurred in connection with preparing for a contemplated public offering of the Company’s equity securities (as described in Note 7 – Stockholders’ Deficiency), are capitalized as non-current assets on the balance sheet. Upon a consummation of such contemplated offering (as to which no assurances can be given), the deferred offering costs will be offset against the equity offering proceeds. As of September 30, 2019, the Company incurred deferred offering costs in the amount of $371,725, of which $265,297 and $92,000 are included in accounts payable and accrued expenses, respectively, on the September 30, 2019 condensed consolidated balance sheet, in connection with such contemplated public offering.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (“ASC 606”). The core principle of ASC 606 requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than required under existing U.S. GAAP including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation.

 

 10 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

The five-step process outlined in the ASC 606 is as follows:

 

Step 1 – Identify the Contract with the Customer – A contract exists when (a) the parties to the contract have approved the contract and are committed to perform their respective obligations, (b) the entity can identify each party’s rights regarding the goods or services to be transferred, (c) the entity can identify the payment terms for the goods or services to be transferred, (d) the contract has commercial substance and it is probable that the entity will collect substantially all of the consideration to which it will be entitled in exchange for the goods or services that will be transferred to the customer.

 

Step 2 – Identify Performance Obligations in the Contract – Upon execution of a contract, the Company identifies as performance obligations each promise to transfer to the customer either (a) goods or services that are distinct or (b) a series of distinct goods or services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer. To the extent a contract includes multiple promised goods or services, the Company must apply judgement to determine whether the goods or services are capable of being distinct within the context of the contract. If these criteria are not met, the goods or services are accounted for as a combined performance obligation.

 

Step 3 – Determine the Transaction Price – When (or as) a performance obligation is satisfied, the Company shall recognize as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the performance obligation. The contract terms are used to determine the transaction price. Generally, all contracts include fixed consideration. If a contract did include variable consideration, the Company would determine the amount of variable consideration that should be included in the transaction price based on expected value method. Variable consideration would be included in the transaction price, if in the Company’s judgement, it is probable that a significant future reversal of cumulative revenue under the contract would not occur.

 

Step 4 – Allocate the Transaction Price – After the transaction price has been determined, the next step is to allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract. If the contract only has one performance obligation, the entire transaction price will be applied to that obligation. If the contract has multiple performance obligations, the transaction price is allocated to the performance obligations based on the relative standalone selling price (SSP) at contract inception.

 

Step 5 – Satisfaction of the Performance Obligations (and Recognize Revenue) – Revenue is recognized when (or as) goods or services are transferred to a customer. The Company satisfies each of its performance obligations by transferring control of the promised good or service underlying that performance obligation to the customer. Control is the ability to direct the use of, and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from, an asset. It includes the ability to prevent other entities from directing the use of, and obtaining the benefits from, an asset. Indicators that control has passed to the customer include: a present obligation to pay; physical possession of the asset; legal title; risks and rewards of ownership; and acceptance of the asset. Performance obligations can be satisfied at a point in time or over time.

 

The Company recognizes all of its revenue pursuant to a license agreement between the Company and a stem cell treatment company (“SCTC”) entered into in January 2012, as amended in November 2015. Pursuant to the license agreement, the SCTC granted to the Company a license to use certain intellectual property related to, among other things, stem cell disc procedures and the Company has granted to the SCTC a non-exclusive sublicense to use, and the right to sublicense to third parties the right to use, in certain locations in the United States and the Cayman Islands, certain of the licensed intellectual property. In consideration of the sublicenses, the SCTC has agreed to pay the Company royalties on a per disc procedure basis.

 

The Company recognizes sublicensing and royalty revenue on a per disc procedure basis when the third-party sale occurs. All sales have fixed pricing and there are currently no variable components included in the Company’s revenue. The timing of the Company’s revenue recognition may differ from the timing of receiving royalty payments. A receivable is recorded when revenue is recognized prior to receipt of a royalty payment and the Company has an unconditional right to the royalty payment. Alternatively, when a royalty payment precedes the provision of the related services, the Company records deferred revenue until the performance obligations are satisfied. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recognized $38,000 and $98,000, respectively, of revenue related to the Company’s sublicenses. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recognized $26,000 and $82,000, respectively, of revenue related to the Company’s sublicenses.

 

 11 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

The Company adopted ASC 606 for all applicable contracts using the modified retrospective method, which would have required a cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, as of the date of adoption. The adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of the date of adoption. As a result, a cumulative-effect adjustment was not required.

 

Net Loss Per Common Share

 

Basic loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of vested common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other instruments to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.

 

The following securities are excluded from the calculation of weighted average dilutive common shares because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:

 

   September 30, 
   2019   2018 
Options   4,909,618    3,588,451 
Warrants   5,804,891    3,413,403 
Convertible notes - common stock [1]   35,373,991    2,986,487 
Convertible notes - warrants   2,776,450    - 
Total potentially dilutive shares   48,864,950    9,988,341 

 

  [1] As of September 30, 2019 and 2018, many of the convertible notes had variable conversion prices and the shares were estimated based on market conditions. Pursuant to the note agreements, on September 30, 2019 and September 30, 2018 there were 110,370,828 and 24,710,731 shares of common stock reserved for future note conversions, respectively. See Note 9 – Subsequent Events regarding the Board of Directors approval to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock, subject to shareholder approval.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company measures the cost of services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the fair value of the award. The fair value of the award is measured on the grant date and is then recognized over the period during which services are required to be provided in exchange for the award, usually the vesting period. The Company estimates the fair value of the awards granted based on the market value of its freely tradable common stock as reported on the OTCQB market. Upon the exercise of an option or warrant, the Company issues new shares of common stock out of its authorized shares.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

The Company evaluates its convertible instruments to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivative financial instruments to be separately accounted for in accordance with Topic 815 of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC. The accounting treatment of derivative financial instruments requires that the Company record embedded conversion options (“ECOs”) and any related freestanding instruments at their fair values as of the inception date of the agreement and at fair value as of each subsequent balance sheet date. Any change in fair value is recorded as non-operating, non-cash income or expense for each reporting period at each balance sheet date. Conversion options are recorded as a discount to the host instrument and are amortized as amortization of debt discount on the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements over the life of the underlying instrument. The Company reassesses the classification of its derivative instruments at each balance sheet date. If the classification changes as a result of events during the period, the contract is reclassified as of the date of the event that caused the reclassification.

 

The Multinomial Lattice Model and Black-Scholes Model were used to estimate the fair value of the ECOs of convertible notes payable, the warrants, and stock options that are classified as derivative liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets. The models include subjective input assumptions that can materially affect the fair value estimates. The expected volatility is estimated based on the actual volatility during the most recent historical period of time equal to the weighted average life of the instruments.

 

 12 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Sequencing Policy

 

Under ASC 815-40-35 (“ASC 815”), the Company has adopted a sequencing policy, whereby, in the event that reclassification of contracts from equity to assets or liabilities is necessary pursuant to ASC 815 due to the Company’s inability to demonstrate it has sufficient authorized shares as a result of certain securities with a potentially indeterminable number of shares, shares will be allocated on the basis of the earliest issuance date of potentially dilutive instruments, with the earliest grants receiving the first allocation of shares. Pursuant to ASC 815, issuances of securities to the Company’s employees and directors, or to compensate grantees in a share-based payment arrangement, are not subject to the sequencing policy.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain amounts in prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported net loss.

 

Subsequent Events

 

The Company evaluates events that have occurred after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements are issued. Based upon the evaluation, the Company did not identify any recognized or non-recognized subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, except as disclosed.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)” (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 requires that a lessee recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from operating leases. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. This amendment will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10 “Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases” (“ASU 2018-10”), ASU No. 2018-11 “Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements” (“ASU 2018-11”) in July 2018, and ASU No. 2018-20 “Leases (Topic 842) - Narrow Scope Improvements for Lessors” (“ASU 2018-20”) in December 2018. ASU 2018-10 and ASU 2018-20 provide certain amendments that affect narrow aspects of the guidance issued in ASU 2016-02. ASU 2018-11 allows all entities adopting ASU 2016-02 to choose an additional (and optional) transition method of adoption, under which an entity initially applies the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating these ASUs and their impact on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”. The new standard will make eight targeted changes to how cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company has adopted this standard as of January 1, 2019. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

 

 13 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, “Compensation — Stock Compensation (Topic 718)” (“ASU 2018-07”). ASU 2018-07 is intended to reduce cost and complexity and to improve financial reporting for nonemployee share-based payments. Currently, the accounting requirements for nonemployee and employee share-based payment transactions are significantly different. ASU 2018-07 expands the scope of Topic 718, Compensation — Stock Compensation (which currently only includes share-based payments to employees) to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods or services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. This ASU supersedes Subtopic 505-50, Equity — Equity-Based Payments to Nonemployees. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and including interim periods within that fiscal year. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than a company’s adoption date of Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The Company early adopted this accounting standard as of January 1, 2019. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

 

In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-01, “Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements” (“Topic 842”) (“ASU 2019-01”). These amendments align the guidance for fair value of the underlying asset by lessors that are not manufacturers or dealers in Topic 842 with that of existing guidance. As a result, the fair value of the underlying asset at lease commencement is its cost, reflecting any volume or trade discounts that may apply. However, if there has been a significant lapse of time between when the underlying asset is acquired and when the lease commences, the definition of fair value (in Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement) should be applied. (Issue 1). The ASU also requires lessors within the scope of Topic 942, Financial Services—Depository and Lending, to present all “principal payments received under leases” within investing activities. (Issue 2). Finally, the ASU exempts both lessees and lessors from having to provide certain interim disclosures in the fiscal year in which a company adopts the new leases standard. (Issue 3). The transition and effective date provisions apply to Issue 1 and Issue 2. They do not apply to Issue 3 because the amendments for that Issue are to the original transition requirements in Topic 842. This amendment will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating ASU 2019-01 and its impact on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and financial statement disclosures.

 

In July 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-07, “Codification Updates to SEC Sections — Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Final Rule Releases No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification, and Nos. 33-10231 and 33-10442, Investment Company Reporting Modernization and Miscellaneous Updates (SEC Update)” (“ASU 2019-07”). ASU 2019-07 aligns the guidance in various SEC sections of the Codification with the requirements of certain SEC final rules. ASU 2019-07 is effective immediately. The adoption of ASU 2019-07 did not have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 4 – Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities are comprised of the following:

 

   September 30, 2019   December 31, 2018 
Accrued payroll and other accrued expenses  $43,779   $91,560 
Accrued research and development expenses   746,175    646,175 
Accrued general and administrative expenses   1,320,104    1,084,831 
Accrued director compensation   507,500    482,500 
Deferred rent   7,865    33,610 
Total accrued expenses   2,625,423    2,338,676 
Less: accrued expenses, current portion   2,625,423    2,302,176 
Accrued expenses, non-current portion  $-   $36,500 

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company entered into a settlement agreement with a certain consultant, pursuant to which $46,500 of previously accrued consulting fees were exchanged for 10,000 shares of the Company’s common stock and a $10,000 cash payment. The value of the shares was $7,200, and accordingly the Company recorded a gain on settlement of payables of $29,300 which is reflected within general and administrative expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

 14 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Note 5 – Notes Payable

 

A summary of the notes payable activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:

 

   Related Party   Convertible   Other   Debt     
   Notes   Notes   Notes   Discount   Total 
Outstanding, January 1, 2019  $720,000   $4,309,415   $132,501   $(1,012,363)  $4,149,553 
Issuances   485,000    8,543,089[1]   -    -    9,028,089 
Exchanges for equity   -    (2,032,323)   -    455,969    (1,576,354)
Repayments   (45,000)   (3,484,105)   (7,500)   428,939    (3,107,666)
Extinguishment of notes payable   -    -    (148,014)[1]   6,196    (141,818)
Recognition of debt discount   -    -    -         (4,288,794)   (4,288,794)
Accretion of interest expense   -    -    -    375,344    375,344 

Accrued interest reclassified to notes payable principal

   -    -    23,013    -    23,013 
Amortization of debt discount   -    -    -    3,221,904    3,221,904 
Outstanding, September 30, 2019 [2]  $1,160,000   $7,336,076[3]  $-   $(812,805)  $7,683,271 

 

  [1] During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a convertible note in the principal amount of $148,014 was issued concurrently with the extinguishment of a certain note payable in the same aggregate principal amount. See below within Note 5 – Notes Payable – Convertible Notes - Conversions, Exchanges and Other for additional details.
     
  [2] As of September 30, 2019, outstanding related party notes, convertible notes and other notes in the aggregate principal amounts of $450,000, $508,000 and $0, respectively, were considered past due (which excludes aggregate principal amounts of $25,000 and $150,000 of related party and convertible notes, respectively, which were extended to October 2019, effective as of September 30, 2019). See Note 9 – Subsequent Events for details regarding the repayment of certain past due notes payable.
     
  [3] As of September 30, 2019, a portion of convertible notes with an aggregate principal balance of $4,381,076 were convertible into shares of common stock at the election of the holder any time until the balance has been paid in full. As of September 30, 2019, a portion of convertible notes with an aggregate principal balance of $2,955,000, which are not currently convertible, will become convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at the election of the respective holder subsequent to September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, outstanding related party notes and convertible notes in the aggregate principal amounts of $1,150,000 and $990,000, respectively, provided for a mandatory conversion into common stock of the Company and warrants to purchase common stock of the Company in the same ratio upon the completion of an underwritten public offering by the Company. See Note 9 – Subsequent Events.

 

Related Party Notes

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued to family members of officers of the Company and a Scientific Advisory Board member (the “SAB Member”) notes payable in the aggregate principal amount of $485,000, which bear interest at the rate of 12% per annum and provide for original maturity dates between July 2019 and December 2019.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company partially repaid a certain related party note in the principal amount of $45,000.

 

 15 

 

 

BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the holders of certain related party notes in the aggregate principal amount of $505,000 entered into agreements with the Company pursuant to which the parties agreed that the maturity of the promissory notes held by such holders will be extended or further extended from dates from December 2018 and August 2019 to dates between July 2019 and December 2019. In consideration of the extensions, such notes in the aggregate principal amount of $475,000 provided for an exchange of such notes for an exchange of such notes for shares of common stock and warrants, as described below, in connection with a public offering of the Company’s securities (the “Public Offering”). The exchange price for the indebtedness will be equal to the lesser of (i) 75% of the public offering price of the common stock, or units of common stock and warrants, as the case may be, offered pursuant to the Public Offering or (ii) $0.60 per share (subject to adjustment for reverse stock splits and the like) (the “Exchange Price”). The number of shares of common stock issuable pursuant to the warrants to be issued to such holders will be equal to the number of shares of common stock issuable to them upon conversion of the principal amount of their respective notes. The exchange price of the warrants to be issued to such holders will be the lesser of (i) 125% of the Exchange Price or (ii) $0.80 per share (subject to adjustment for reverse stock splits and the like). Since the fair value of the new ECO exceeded 10% of the carrying amount of the debt, the note extensions were accounted for as extinguishments, and accordingly the Company recognized an aggregate net loss on extinguishment of $145,066 in connection with the derecognition of the net carrying amount of the extinguished debt of $510,887 (inclusive of $475,000 of principal and $35,887 of accrued interest) and the issuance of the new convertible notes in the same amount, plus the fair value of the new notes’ ECOs of an aggregate of $145,066. See Note 9 – Subsequent Events.

 

In October 2019, the Company and a certain related party lender agreed to further extend the maturity date of a certain related party note with a principal balance of $25,000 from a maturity date in September 2019 to a new maturity date in October 2019, effective September 30, 2019.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company, a director of the Company, and a trust related to the director (the “Trust”) agreed that promissory notes held by the director and the Trust in the outstanding principal amounts of $175,000 and $500,000, respectively, will be exchanged for shares of common stock and warrants, as described below, in connection with the Public Offering. The exchange price for the indebtedness will be equal to 75% of the public offering price of the common stock, or units of common stock and warrants, as the case may be, offered pursuant to the Public Offering (the “Director/Trust Exchange Price”). The number of shares of common stock issuable pursuant to the warrants to be issued to the director and the Trust will be in the same ratio to the number of shares of common stock issued upon exchange of their indebtedness as the number of shares of common stock subject to any warrants included as part of units offered pursuant to the Public Offering (the “Public Warrants”) bears to the number of shares of common stock issued as part of the Public Offering units. The exercise price of the warrants to be issued to the director and the Trust will be 125% of the Director/Trust Exchange Price and the term of the warrants will be the same term as the Public Warrants. Concurrently with the exchange, the exercise prices of outstanding warrants held by the director and the Trust for the purchase of an aggregate of 1,377,842 shares of common stock of the Company will be reduced from between $1.50 and $4.00 per share to $0.75 per share and the expiration dates of such warrants will be extended from between December 2019 and March 2022 to December 2023. The exchange agreements were submitted for approval by the shareholders of the Company, which was obtained in August 2019.

 

As of September 30, 2019, related party notes consisted of notes payable issued to certain directors of the Company, family members of officers of the Company, the SAB Member, and the Trust. A director and principal shareholder of the Company serves as a trustee of the Trust, which was established for the benefit of his immediate family.

 

As of September 30, 2019, certain related party notes in the aggregate principal amount of $485,000 were convertible into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price of $0.60 per share, subject to adjustment, and a five year warrant (the “Warrant”) for the purchase of a number of shares equal to the number of shares issued upon the conversion of the principal amount of the note. The Warrant provides for an exercise price of $0.80 per share, subject to adjustment.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Convertible Notes

 

Issuances

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued certain lenders convertible notes payable in the aggregate principal amount of $8,395,075 for aggregate cash proceeds of $7,847,727. The difference of $547,348 was recorded as a debt discount and will be amortized over the terms of the respective notes. The convertible notes bear interest at rates ranging between 8% to 15% per annum payable at maturity with original maturity dates ranging between July 2019 through September 2020. In connection with the issuance of a certain convertible note, the Company issued the lender 68,873 shares of the Company’s common stock and the relative fair value of $54,168 was recorded as debt discount and is being amortized over the term of the note. In connection with the issuance of certain convertible notes, the Company issued the lenders five-year warrants to purchase an aggregate of 295,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at exercise prices ranging from $0.45 per share to $1.00 per share. The aggregate grant date value of the warrants was $104,198, which was recorded as debt discount and is being amortized over the terms of the respective convertible notes. The warrants were subject to the Company’s sequencing policy and, as a result, were initially recorded as derivative liabilities. See below within this Note 5 – Notes Payable – Convertible Notes – Conversions, Exchanges and Other and Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details regarding the ECOs of the convertible notes.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a certain convertible note in the principal amount of $148,014 was issued concurrently with the extinguishment of a certain other note payable in the same principal amount. See below within this Note 5 – Notes Payable – Convertible Notes – Conversions, Exchanges and Other for additional details.

 

Embedded Conversion Options and Note Provisions

 

As of September 30, 2019, outstanding convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount of $4,381,076 were convertible into shares of common stock of the Company as follows: (i) $2,355,076 of aggregate principal amount of convertible notes were convertible at a fixed price ranging from $0.25 to $2.00 per share for the first six months following the respective issue date, and thereafter at a conversion price generally equal to 58% of the fair value of the Company’s stock, subject to adjustment, until the respective note has been paid in full, (ii) 1,046,000 of aggregate principal amount of convertible notes were convertible generally at a range of 58% to 65% of the fair value of the Company’s stock, subject to adjustment, depending on the note, and (iii) $980,000 of aggregate principal amount of convertible notes were convertible into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price ranging from $0.50 to $0.60 per share, subject to adjustment, and five-year warrants to purchase common stock of the Company in the same ratio. The warrants provide for an exercise price ranging from $0.75 to $0.80 per share, subject to adjustment. Convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount of $990,000 provide for a mandatory conversion into common stock of the Company and warrants to purchase common stock of the Company in the same ratio upon the completion of an underwritten public offering by the Company of its securities whereby the conversion price shall be equal to the lower of the respective original conversion terms, or 75% of the offering price for the shares of common stock of the Company, or units of shares of common stock of the Company and warrants, as the case may be, sold pursuant to the public offering. The Company analyzes the ECOs of its convertible notes at issuance to determine whether the ECO should be bifurcated and accounted for as a derivative liability or if the ECO contains a beneficial conversion feature. See below within this Note 5 – Notes Payable – Convertible Notes – Embedded Conversion Options and Note Provisions and Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details regarding the ECOs of the convertible notes. Also see Note 9 – Subsequent Events.

 

As of September 30, 2019, a portion of convertible notes with an aggregate principal balance of $2,955,000, which were not yet convertible, will become convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock subsequent to September 30, 2019 at a conversion price generally equal to 58% of the fair value of the Company’s stock, subject to adjustment, until the respective notes have been paid in full.

 

As of September 30, 2019, outstanding convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount of $4,325,075 have prepayment premiums, whereby, in the event that the Company elects to prepay certain notes during the one hundred eighty-day period following the issue date, the respective holder is entitled to receive a prepayment premium of up to 35%, depending on the note, on the then outstanding principal balance including accrued interest.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

As of September 30, 2019, outstanding convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount of $4,252,688 have most favored nation (“MFN”) provisions, whereby, so long as such respective note is outstanding, upon any issuance by the Company of any security with certain identified provisions more favorable to the holder of such security, then at the respective holder’s option, those more favorable terms shall become a part of the transaction documents with the holder. As of September 30, 2019, notes with applicable MFN provisions were convertible using MFN conversion prices equal to 58% of the fair market value of the Company’s stock, as defined.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company determined that certain ECOs of issued or extended convertible notes were derivative liabilities. The aggregate issuance date value of the bifurcated ECOs was $3,990,135, of which $3,576,028 was recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the terms of the respective convertible notes and $414,108 was recognized as part of an extinguishment loss as described below. See Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details.

 

Conversions, Exchanges and Other

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company and certain lenders exchanged certain convertible notes with bifurcated ECOs with an aggregate net carrying amount of $4,255,838 (including an aggregate of $2,032,323 of principal less debt discount of $455,969, $122,111 of accrued interest and $2,557,373 related to the separated ECOs accounted for as derivative liabilities) for an aggregate of 9,634,376 shares of the Company’s common stock at conversion prices ranging from $0.11 to $0.43 per share. The common stock had an aggregate exchange date value of $4,739,017 and, as a result, the Company recorded a loss on extinguishment of notes payable of $483,179. See Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company repaid an aggregate principal amount of $3,484,105 of convertible notes payable, $209,486 of the respective aggregate accrued interest and an aggregate of $813,730 of prepayment premiums. As a result of the repayments, the Company recorded a loss on extinguishment of notes payable of $1,242,669 and an aggregate of $428,939 of the related debt discounts were extinguished.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a certain lender to the Company acquired a promissory note (classified in Other Notes) issued by the Company in the outstanding amount of $148,014 (inclusive of accrued interest reclassified to principal of $23,013) from a certain lender to the Company. The Company exchanged the acquired note for a new convertible note in the principal amount of $148,014 which accrues interest at a rate of 12% per annum, payable on the maturity date in March 2020. The ECO of the note was subject to sequencing and the issuance date fair value of $84,798 was accounted for as a derivative liability (see Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details). Since the fair value of the new ECO exceeded 10% of the principal amount of the new note, the note exchange was accounted for as an extinguishment, and accordingly the Company recognized a net loss on extinguishment of $90,994 in connection with the derecognition of the net carrying amount of $141,818 of the extinguished debt and the issuance of the new convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount $148,014 plus the fair value of the new note’s ECO of an aggregate of $84,798.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company and certain lenders agreed to extend or further extend the maturity dates of certain convertible notes payable with an aggregate principal balance of $678,102 from maturity dates ranging from June 2019 to July 2019 to new maturity dates ranging from July 2019 to July 2020. In consideration of the extensions of certain convertible notes with an aggregate principal balance of $650,000, the Company modified the conversion terms of the lenders’ notes to provide for a mandatory conversion into common stock of the Company and a five-year warrant to purchase common stock of the Company in the same ratio upon the completion of an underwritten public offering by the Company of its securities, whereby, the conversion price shall be equal to the lower of the respective original conversion terms, or 75% of the offering price for the shares of common stock of the Company, or units of shares of common stock of the Company and warrants, as the case may be, sold pursuant to the public offering. Since the fair value of the new ECO exceeded 10% of the carrying amount of the debt, the note extensions were accounted for as extinguishments, and accordingly the Company recognized an aggregate net loss on extinguishment of $329,310 in connection with the derecognition of the net carrying amount of the extinguished debt of $702,387 (inclusive of $650,000 of principal and $52,387 of accrued interest) and the issuance of the new convertible notes in the same amount, plus the fair value of the new notes’ ECOs of an aggregate of $329,310. See Note 9 – Subsequent Events.

 

In October 2019, the Company and certain lenders agreed to further extend the maturity dates of certain convertible notes payable with an aggregate principal balance of $150,000 from maturity dates in September 2019 to new maturity dates in October 2019, effective September 30, 2019.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Other Notes

 

Exchange and Other

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company and a certain lender agreed to an extension of the maturity date of a certain note payable with a principal balance of $125,000 from a maturity date in January 2019 to a new maturity date in December 2019. In consideration of the extension, the Company issued the lender 10,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The issuance date fair value of the common stock of $7,052 was recorded as debt discount and is being amortized over the remaining term of the note.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $148,014 was issued concurrently with the extinguishment of a certain other note payable in the same principal amount. See above within Note 5 – Notes Payable – Convertible Notes – Conversions, Exchanges and Other for additional details.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company partially repaid a certain promissory note in the principal amount of $7,500.

 

Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

Consulting Agreements

 

Business Advisory Services

 

In January 2019, an agreement for business advisory services that had expired on December 31, 2018 was further extended and now provides for an expiration date of December 31, 2019. In consideration of the extension of the term of the consulting agreement, the Company issued to the consultant a five-year, immediately vested warrant for the purchase of 100,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The grant date value of the warrant of $56,000 was recognized immediately as stock-based compensation expense which is reflected as consulting expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. The warrant was subject to the Company’s sequencing policy and, as a result, was originally recorded as a derivative liability. See Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details.

 

Operating Lease

 

The Company is a party to a lease for 6,800 square feet of space located in Melville, New York (the “Melville Lease”) with respect to its corporate and laboratory operations. The Melville Lease was scheduled to expire in March 2020 (subject to extension at the option of the Company for a period of five years) and calls for an annual base rental during the initial term ranging between $132,600 and $149,260. In June 2019, the Company exercised its option to extend the Melville Lease and entered into a lease amendment with the lessor whereby the five-year extension term will commence on January 1, 2020 with annual base rent ranging between $153,748 and $173,060.

 

The Company’s rent expense amounted to approximately $20,000 and $74,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. The Company’s rent expense amounted to approximately $31,000 and $92,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. Rent expense is reflected in general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Litigations, Claims and Assessments

 

In the normal course of business, the Company may be involved in legal proceedings, claims or assessments arising from the ordinary course of business, and as of September 30, 2019, none are expected to materially impact the Company’s financial position.

 

The Company records legal costs associated with loss contingencies as incurred and accrues for all probable and estimable settlements.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Bonus Accruals

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company had remaining accruals of approximately $91,000 for bonus milestones that were achieved in prior years and remained unpaid. As of September 30, 2019, the remaining accruals for bonus milestones achieved in prior years had been paid in full. In April 2019, the Company’s Compensation Committee and Board of Directors approved performance goals associated with cash bonuses payable to certain officers for the year ending December 31, 2019 and, as a result, the Company accrued $39,114 for 2019 cash bonuses as of September 30, 2019 which were probable to be achieved.

 

Arena Investors

 

In July 2019, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Arena Purchase Agreement”) with Arena Investors LP (“Arena”) pursuant to which Arena had agreed to acquire 5,500,000 shares of Series A preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company, a warrant for the purchase of 6,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company and a convertible promissory note of the Company in the principal amount of $500,000, in consideration of a payment by Arena to the Company of an aggregate of $5,400,000. The closing of the Arena Purchase Agreement was subject to, among other things, approval by the shareholders of the Company of the Arena Purchase Agreement (which was obtained in August 2019) and the transactions contemplated thereby, the concurrent execution of an underwriting agreement with regard to the Public Offering and approval by the Nasdaq Stock Market of the Company’s pending listing application with respect to its shares of common stock. The Arena Purchase Agreement provided that it could be terminated by either party if the closing did not occur by October 31, 2019. On November 1, 2019, the Arena Purchase Agreement was terminated.

 

Note 7 – Stockholders’ Deficiency

 

Authorized Capital and 2010 Equity Plan

 

In March 2019, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an increase in the number of authorized shares of common stock to 150,000,000, subject to shareholder approval. Additionally, the Board of Directors approved an increase in the number of authorized shares issuable under the Company’s 2010 Equity Participation Plan to 20,000,000, subject to shareholder approval. In May 2019, such shareholder approval was obtained.

 

In March 2019, the Board of Directors determined to submit to the Company’s shareholders for their approval amendments to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company (with the Board of Directors having the authority to select and file one such amendment) to effect a reverse split of the Company’s common stock at a ratio of not less than 1-for-2 and not more than 1-for-20, with the Board of Directors having the discretion as to whether or not the reverse stock split is to be effected, and with the exact ratio of any reverse stock split to be set at a whole number within the above range as determined by the Board of Directors in its discretion. Concurrently, the Board of Directors determined to submit to the Company’s shareholders for their approval a proposal to authorize the Board of Directors, in the event the reverse stock split proposal is approved by the shareholders, in its discretion, to reduce the number of authorized shares of common stock in proportion to the percentage decrease in the number of outstanding shares of common stock resulting from the reverse split (or a lesser decrease in authorized shares of common stock as determined by the Board of Directors in its discretion). In May 2019, the Company’s shareholders approved the foregoing proposals.

 

See Note 9 – Subsequent Events regarding the approval by the Board of Directors and shareholders of an increase in the number of authorized shares of common stock to 300,000,000, as well as the grant to the Board of Directors of authority to adopt an amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Company to effect a reverse split of the Company’s common stock at a ratio of not less than 1-for-2 and not more than 1-for-100.

 

Compensatory Common Stock Issuance

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued 75,000 shares of immediately vested common stock valued at $30,000 to a consultant for services rendered.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

Warrant and Option Valuation

 

The Company has computed the fair value of warrants and options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected term used for warrants and options issued to non-employees is the contractual life and the expected term used for options issued to employees and directors is the estimated period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding. The Company utilizes the “simplified” method to develop an estimate of the expected term of “plain vanilla” employee option grants. The Company is utilizing an expected volatility figure based on a review of the historical volatilities, over a period of time, equivalent to the expected life of the instrument being valued, of similarly positioned public companies within its industry. The risk-free interest rate was determined from the implied yields from U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with a remaining term consistent with the expected term of the instrument being valued.

 

Common Stock and Warrant Offerings

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company issued an aggregate of 2,191,111 shares of common stock of the Company, five-year immediately vested warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,135,556 shares of common stock of the Company at exercise prices ranging from $0.85 per share to $1.00 per share and one-year immediately vested warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,055,555 shares of common stock of the Company at an exercise price of $0.70 per share to certain investors for aggregate gross proceeds of $1,156,000. The warrants had an aggregate grant date fair value of $899,689. The warrants were subject to the Company’s sequencing policy and, as a result, were initially recorded as derivative liabilities. See Note 8 – Derivative Liabilities for additional details. Also see Note 9 – Subsequent Events.

 

Stock Warrants

 

Warrant Compensation

 

See Note 6 – Commitments and Contingences for additional details associated with the issuance of a warrant in connection with a consulting agreement extension.

 

The Company recorded stock–based compensation expense of $0 and $56,000 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, related to stock warrants issued as compensation, which is reflected as consulting expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded stock–based compensation expense of $43,105 and $91,297 respectively, related to stock warrants issued as compensation.

 

Warrant Activity Summary

 

In applying the Black-Scholes option pricing model to warrants granted or issued, the Company used the following assumptions:

 

   For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Risk free interest rate   1.79% - 1.83%   2.73% - 2.83%   1.79% - 2.62%   1.92% - 2.83%
Contractual term (years)   5.00    5.00    1.00 - 5.00    1.98 - 5.00 
Expected volatility   133%   139%   133% - 150%   128% - 139%
Expected dividends   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%

 

The weighted average estimated fair value of the warrants granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $0.28 and $0.41 per share, respectively. The weighted average estimated fair value of the warrants granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was approximately $1.24 and $1.23 per share, respectively.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

A summary of the warrant activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:

 

           Weighted     
       Weighted   Average     
       Average   Remaining   Aggregate 
   Number of   Exercise   Life   Intrinsic 
   Warrants   Price   In Years   Value 
Outstanding, January 1, 2019   3,483,403   $3.63           
Issued   2,586,111    0.77           
Expired   (264,623)   5.41           
Outstanding, September 30, 2019   5,804,891   $2.27    2.1   $- 
                     
Exercisable, September 30, 2019   5,804,891   $2.27    2.1   $- 

 

The following table presents information related to stock warrants at September 30, 2019:

 

Warrants Outstanding   Warrants Exercisable 
        Weighted     
    Outstanding   Average   Exercisable 
Exercise   Number of   Remaining Life   Number of 
Price   Warrants   In Years   Warrants 
$0.45 - $0.99     2,586,111    2.9    2,586,111 
$1.00 - $1.99     844,444    0.3    844,444 
$2.00 - $2.99     75,000    4.1    75,000 
$3.00 - $3.99     70,000    3.8    70,000 
$4.00 - $4.99     1,965,457    1.7    1,965,457 
$5.00 - $5.99     182,667    1.7    182,667 
$6.00 - $7.99     40,000    0.8    40,000 
$8.00 - $9.99     2,500    0.2    2,500 
$10.00 - $15.00     38,712    0.6    38,712 
     5,804,891    2.1    5,804,891 

 

See Note 9 – Subsequent Events.

 

Stock Options

 

In applying the Black-Scholes option pricing model to stock options granted, the Company used the following assumptions:

 

   For the Three Months Ended   For the Nine Months Ended 
   September 30,   September 30, 
   2019   2018   2019   2018 
Risk free interest rate   1.47%   2.74%   1.47% - 2.72%    2.44% - 2.74%
Expected term (years)   10.00    5.01    10.00     5.01 - 9.69  
Expected volatility   133%   139%   133% - 140%    129% - 139%
Expected dividends   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%   0.00%

 

The weighted average estimated fair value of the stock options granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 was approximately $0.25 and $0.36 per share, respectively. The weighted average estimated fair value of the stock options granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was approximately $1.42 and $2.92 per share, respectively.

 

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BIORESTORATIVE THERAPIES, INC. & SUBSIDIARY

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

In January 2019, the Company issued the Chairman of the Disc Committee of its Scientific Advisory Board (the “Disc Committee Chairman”) a ten-year option to purchase up to 70,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share. The options vest ratably over three years on the issuance date anniversaries. The grant date value of the option of $44,247 will be recognized over the expected vesting period as consulting expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

In March 2019, the Board of Directors reduced the exercise price of outstanding stock options for the purchase of an aggregate of 4,631,700 shares of common stock of the Company (with exercise prices ranging between $1.00 and $4.70 per share) to $0.75 per share, which was the closing price for the Company’s common stock on the day prior to determination, as reported by the OTCQB market. The exercise price reduction related to options held by, among others, the Company’s officers, directors, advisors and employees. The incremental value of the modified options compared to the original options, both valued as of the respective modification date, of $452,637 is being recognized over the vesting term of the options, which will be reflected as consulting, research and development, and general and administrative expenses in the amounts of $187,861, $56,856 and $207,920, respectively, in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

In August 2019, the Company issued the Disc Committee Chairman an immediately vested ten-year option to purchase up to 175,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.26 per share. The grant date value of the option of $43,141 was immediately recognized as consulting expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

A summary of the option activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is presented below:

 

           Weighted     
       Weighted   Average     
       Average   Remaining   Aggregate 
   Number of   Exercise   Life   Intrinsic 
   Options   Price   In Years   Value 
Outstanding, January 1, 2019   4,703,785   $1.04           
Granted   245,000    0.40           
Forfeited   (39,167)