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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
March 31, 2024

or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number: 1-16463
____________________________________________
peabodylogoa36.jpg
PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware13-4004153
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
701 Market Street,St. Louis,Missouri63101-1826
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(314342-3400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareBTUNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large accelerated filer                          Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐                         Smaller reporting company
                                 Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
There were 125.8 million shares of the registrant’s common stock (par value of $0.01 per share) outstanding at May 3, 2024.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 Page
 
 


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Revenue$983.6 $1,364.0 
Costs and expenses
Operating costs and expenses (exclusive of items shown separately below)814.2 846.6 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization79.8 76.3 
Asset retirement obligation expenses12.9 15.4 
Selling and administrative expenses22.0 22.8 
Restructuring charges0.1 0.1 
Other operating (income) loss:
Net gain on disposals(2.1)(1.9)
Asset impairment 2.0 
Provision for NARM loss1.8  
Loss (income) from equity affiliates3.7 (1.8)
Operating profit51.2 404.5 
Interest expense14.7 18.4 
Net loss on early debt extinguishment 6.8 
Interest income(19.2)(13.1)
Net periodic benefit credit, excluding service cost(10.1)(9.7)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes65.8 402.1 
Income tax provision20.1 118.0 
Income from continuing operations, net of income taxes45.7 284.1 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes(0.7)(1.3)
Net income45.0 282.8 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests5.4 14.3 
Net income attributable to common stockholders$39.6 $268.5 
Income from continuing operations:
Basic income per share$0.32 $1.87 
Diluted income per share$0.30 $1.69 
Net income attributable to common stockholders: 
Basic income per share$0.31 $1.86 
Diluted income per share$0.29 $1.68 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

1


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions)
Net income$45.0 $282.8 
Postretirement plans (net of $0.0 tax provisions in each period)
(13.2)(13.4)
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1.9)(0.2)
Other comprehensive loss, net of income taxes(15.1)(13.6)
Comprehensive income29.9 269.2 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests5.4 14.3 
Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders$24.5 $254.9 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(Amounts in millions, except per share data)
ASSETS  
Current assets  
Cash and cash equivalents$855.7 $969.3 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses of $0.0 at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
343.1 389.7 
Inventories, net404.3 351.8 
Other current assets298.4 308.9 
Total current assets1,901.5 2,019.7 
Property, plant, equipment and mine development, net2,830.2 2,844.1 
Operating lease right-of-use assets78.6 61.9 
Restricted cash and collateral836.0 957.6 
Investments and other assets82.1 78.8 
Total assets$5,728.4 $5,962.1 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
Current liabilities  
Current portion of long-term debt$14.4 $13.5 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses790.6 965.5 
Total current liabilities805.0 979.0 
Long-term debt, less current portion323.3 320.7 
Deferred income taxes37.2 28.6 
Asset retirement obligations, less current portion649.0 648.6 
Accrued postretirement benefit costs146.3 148.4 
Operating lease liabilities, less current portion61.5 47.7 
Other noncurrent liabilities179.5 181.6 
Total liabilities2,201.8 2,354.6 
Stockholders’ equity  
Preferred Stock — $0.01 per share par value; 100.0 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
  
Series Common Stock — $0.01 per share par value; 50.0 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
  
Common Stock — $0.01 per share par value; 450.0 shares authorized, 189.0 shares issued and 125.8 shares outstanding as of March 31, 2024 and 188.6 shares issued and 128.7 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2023
1.9 1.9 
Additional paid-in capital3,985.1 3,983.0 
Treasury stock, at cost — 63.2 and 59.9 common shares as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023
(1,824.8)(1,740.2)
Retained earnings1,142.5 1,112.7 
Accumulated other comprehensive income174.5 189.6 
Peabody Energy Corporation stockholders’ equity3,479.2 3,547.0 
Noncontrolling interests47.4 60.5 
Total stockholders’ equity3,526.6 3,607.5 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$5,728.4 $5,962.1 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Cash Flows From Operating Activities 
Net income$45.0 $282.8 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes0.7 1.3 
Income from continuing operations, net of income taxes45.7 284.1 
Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations, net of income taxes to net cash provided by operating activities: 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization79.8 76.3 
Noncash interest expense, net1.3 1.6 
Deferred income taxes8.5 46.0 
Noncash share-based compensation2.0 1.7 
Asset impairment 2.0 
Net gain on disposals(2.1)(1.9)
Noncash income from port and rail capacity assignment (9.2)
Net loss on early debt extinguishment 6.8 
Loss (income) from equity affiliates3.7 (1.8)
Foreign currency option contracts5.7 2.2 
Changes in current assets and liabilities: 
Accounts receivable46.8 70.8 
Inventories(52.6)(35.4)
Other current assets13.6 43.5 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses(169.5)(39.6)
Collateral arrangements151.3 (45.9)
Asset retirement obligations0.4 2.5 
Workers’ compensation obligations(0.1)(0.9)
Postretirement benefit obligations(15.4)(14.4)
Pension obligations 0.4 
Other, net1.2 0.6 
Net cash provided by continuing operations120.3 389.4 
Net cash used in discontinued operations(1.3)(3.1)
Net cash provided by operating activities119.0 386.3 



4


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - (Continued)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions)
Cash Flows From Investing Activities
Additions to property, plant, equipment and mine development(61.4)(55.7)
Changes in accrued expenses related to capital expenditures(6.8)(1.6)
Proceeds from disposal of assets, net of receivables2.4 2.9 
Contributions to joint ventures(202.8)(206.2)
Distributions from joint ventures193.2 202.0 
Other, net0.2 0.1 
Net cash used in investing activities(75.2)(58.5)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities
Repayments of long-term debt(2.2)(2.7)
Payment of debt issuance and other deferred financing costs(10.8)(0.3)
Common stock repurchases(83.1) 
Repurchase of employee common stock relinquished for tax withholding(3.4)(13.2)
Dividends paid(9.7) 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(18.5)(22.8)
Net cash used in financing activities(127.7)(39.0)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(83.9)288.8 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period (1)
1,650.2 1,417.6 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period (2)
$1,566.3 $1,706.4 
(1) The following table provides a reconciliation of “Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period”:
Cash and cash equivalents$969.3 
Restricted cash included in “Restricted cash and collateral”680.9 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period$1,650.2 
(2) The following table provides a reconciliation of “Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period”:
Cash and cash equivalents$855.7 
Restricted cash included in “Restricted cash and collateral”710.6 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$1,566.3 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions, except per share data)
Common Stock
Balance, beginning of period$1.9 $1.9 
Balance, end of period1.9 1.9 
Additional paid-in capital
Balance, beginning of period3,983.0 3,975.9 
Dividend equivalent units on dividends declared0.1  
Share-based compensation for equity-classified awards2.0 1.7 
Balance, end of period3,985.1 3,977.6 
Treasury stock
Balance, beginning of period(1,740.2)(1,372.9)
Common stock repurchases(83.1) 
Net change in unsettled common stock repurchases2.6  
Excise tax accrued on common stock repurchases(0.7) 
Repurchase of employee common stock relinquished for tax withholding(3.4)(13.2)
Balance, end of period(1,824.8)(1,386.1)
Retained earnings
Balance, beginning of period1,112.7 383.9 
Net income attributable to common stockholders39.6 268.5 
Dividends declared ($0.075 and $0.000 per share, respectively)
(9.8) 
Balance, end of period1,142.5 652.4 
Accumulated other comprehensive income
Balance, beginning of period189.6 242.5 
Postretirement plans (net of $0.0 tax provisions in each period)
(13.2)(13.4)
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1.9)(0.2)
Balance, end of period174.5 228.9 
Noncontrolling interests
Balance, beginning of period60.5 63.5 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests5.4 14.3 
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(18.5)(22.8)
Balance, end of period47.4 55.0 
Total stockholders’ equity$3,526.6 $3,529.7 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(1)    Basis of Presentation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Peabody Energy Corporation (PEC) and its consolidated subsidiaries and affiliates (along with PEC, the Company or Peabody). Interests in subsidiaries controlled by the Company are consolidated with any outside stockholder interests reflected as noncontrolling interests, except when the Company has an undivided interest in a joint venture. In those cases, the Company includes its proportionate share in the assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses of the jointly controlled entities within each applicable line item of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. All intercompany transactions, profits and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (U.S. GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023. In the opinion of management, these financial statements reflect all normal, recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation. Balance sheet information presented herein as of December 31, 2023 has been derived from the Company’s audited consolidated balance sheet at that date. The Company’s results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for future quarters or for the year ending December 31, 2024.
(2)    Newly Adopted Accounting Standards and Accounting Standards Not Yet Implemented
Newly Adopted Accounting Standards
The Company did not adopt any new accounting standards that had a material impact on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements or disclosures.
Accounting Standards Not Yet Implemented
Joint Ventures. In August 2023, Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2023-05 was issued, which requires joint ventures to recognize and measure the initial contributions of monetary and nonmonetary assets and its net assets at fair value. The Company is required to apply the amendments for joint ventures with a formation date on or after January 1, 2025. A joint venture that was formed before January 1, 2025 may apply the amendments retrospectively. The Company will apply the guidance to any newly formed joint ventures.
Segments. In November 2023, ASU 2023-07 was issued, which requires public entities to provide in interim periods all disclosures about a reportable segment’s profit or loss that are currently required annually; disclose significant expense categories and amounts that are easily computable from the management reports that are regularly provided to the chief operating decision maker (CODM); disclose how the CODM uses each reported measure to allocate resources; and disclose the name and title of the position of the individual identified as the CODM. The Company is required to adopt the amendments for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted. The Company expects this ASU to only impact its disclosures with no impacts to its consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.
Income Taxes. In December 2023, ASU 2023-09 was issued, which requires public entities to disclose more information primarily related to the income tax rate reconciliation and income taxes paid. The guidance also eliminates certain existing disclosure requirements related to uncertain tax positions and unrecognized deferred tax liabilities. The Company is required to adopt the amendments for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. The amendments should be applied prospectively, with a retrospective option. Early adoption is permitted. The Company expects this ASU to only impact its disclosures with no impacts to its consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.
(3)    Revenue Recognition
Refer to Note 1. “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, for the Company’s policies regarding “Revenue” and “Accounts receivable, net.”

7


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Disaggregation of Revenue
Revenue by product type and market is set forth in the following tables. With respect to its seaborne reporting segments, the Company classifies as “Export” certain revenue from domestically-delivered coal under contracts in which the price is derived on a basis similar to export contracts.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Seaborne ThermalSeaborne MetallurgicalPowder River BasinOther U.S. Thermal
Corporate and Other (1)
Consolidated
(Dollars in millions)
Thermal coal
Domestic$40.6 $ $254.1 $178.0 $ $472.7 
Export243.1     243.1 
Total thermal283.7  254.1 178.0  715.8 
Metallurgical coal
Export 244.0    244.0 
Total metallurgical 244.0    244.0 
Other (2)
0.2 3.0  13.6 7.0 23.8 
Revenue$283.9 $247.0 $254.1 $191.6 $7.0 $983.6 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Seaborne ThermalSeaborne MetallurgicalPowder River BasinOther U.S. Thermal
Corporate and Other (1)
Consolidated
(Dollars in millions)
Thermal coal
Domestic$37.5 $ $305.0 $247.9 $ $590.4 
Export308.8     308.8 
Total thermal346.3  305.0 247.9  899.2 
Metallurgical coal
Export 287.2    287.2 
Total metallurgical 287.2    287.2 
Other (2)
0.2 1.2 0.3 1.5 174.4 177.6 
Revenue$346.5 $288.4 $305.3 $249.4 $174.4 $1,364.0 
(1)    Corporate and Other includes the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
(Dollars in millions)
Unrealized gains on derivative contracts related to forecasted sales$ $118.7 
Realized losses on derivative contracts related to forecasted sales (50.6)
Revenue from physical sale of coal (3)
2.1 84.5 
Other (2)
4.9 21.8 
Total Corporate and Other$7.0 $174.4 
(2)    Includes revenue from arrangements such as customer contract-related payments associated with volume shortfalls; royalties related to coal lease agreements; sales agency commissions; farm income; property and facility rentals; and revenue related to the Company’s assignment of rights to its excess port and rail capacity.
(3)    Includes revenue recognized upon the physical sale of coal purchased from the Company’s operating segments and sold to customers through the Company’s coal trading business as part of settling certain derivative contracts. Primarily represents the difference between the price contracted with the customer and the price allocated to the operating segment.

8


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Accounts Receivable
“Accounts receivable, net” at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (Dollars in millions)
Trade receivables, net$273.6 $322.3 
Miscellaneous receivables, net69.5 67.4 
Accounts receivable, net$343.1 $389.7 
None of the above receivables included allowances for credit losses at March 31, 2024 or December 31, 2023. No charges for credit losses were recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2024 or 2023.
(4)     Inventories
“Inventories, net” as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (Dollars in millions)
Materials and supplies, net$161.4 $153.0 
Raw coal125.8 105.6 
Saleable coal117.1 93.2 
Inventories, net$404.3 $351.8 
Materials and supplies inventories, net presented above have been shown net of reserves of $6.4 million and $7.2 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively.
(5) Equity Method Investments
The Company’s equity method investments include its joint venture interest in Middlemount Coal Pty Ltd (Middlemount), R3 Renewables LLC (R3) and certain other equity method investments.
The table below summarizes the book value of those investments, which are reported in “Investments and other assets” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, and the related “Loss (income) from equity affiliates”:
Loss (Income) from Equity Affiliates
Book Value atThree Months Ended March 31,
March 31, 2024December 31, 202320242023
(Dollars in millions)
Equity method investment related to Middlemount$40.1 $42.5 $0.4 $(2.6)
Equity method investment related to R38.3 7.1 3.3 0.8 
Total equity method investments$48.4 $49.6 $3.7 $(1.8)
R3
In March 2022, the Company entered into a joint venture with unrelated partners to form R3. R3 was formed with the intent of developing various sites, including certain reclaimed mining land held by the Company in the U.S., for utility-scale photovoltaic solar generation and battery storage. The Company contributed $4.5 million and $2.0 million to R3 during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

9


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(6) Derivatives and Fair Value Measurements
Derivatives
From time to time, the Company may utilize various types of derivative instruments to manage its exposure to risks in the normal course of business, including (1) foreign currency exchange rate risk and the variability of cash flows associated with forecasted Australian dollar expenditures made in its Australian mining platform and (2) price risk of fluctuating coal prices related to forecasted sales or purchases of coal, or changes in the fair value of a fixed price physical sales contract. These risk management activities are actively monitored for compliance with the Company’s risk management policies.
On a limited basis, the Company engages in the direct and brokered trading of coal and freight-related contracts. Except those contracts for which the Company has elected to apply a normal purchases and normal sales exception, all derivative coal trading contracts are accounted for at fair value.
Foreign Currency
The Company utilizes options and collars to hedge currency risk associated with anticipated Australian dollar operating expenditures. As of March 31, 2024, the Company held average rate options with an aggregate notional amount of $516.0 million Australian dollars to hedge currency risk associated with anticipated Australian dollar operating expenditures over the nine-month period ending December 31, 2024. The instruments entitle the Company to receive payment on the notional amount should the quarterly average Australian dollar-to-U.S. dollar exchange rate exceed amounts ranging from $0.69 to $0.72 over the nine-month period ending December 31, 2024. As of March 31, 2024, the Company also held purchased collars with an aggregate notional amount of $431.0 million Australian dollars related to anticipated Australian dollar operating expenditures during the nine-month period ending December 31, 2024. The purchased collars have a floor and ceiling of approximately $0.59 and $0.72, respectively, whereby the Company will incur a loss on the instruments for rates below the floor and a gain for rates above the ceiling.
Derivative Contracts Related to Forecasted Sales
As of March 31, 2024, the Company had no coal derivative contracts related to its forecasted sales. Historically, such financial contracts have included futures and forwards.
Financial Trading Contracts
On a limited basis, the Company may enter coal or freight derivative contracts for trading purposes. Such financial contracts may include futures, forwards and options. The Company held nominal financial trading contracts as of March 31, 2024.
Tabular Derivatives Disclosures
The Company has master netting agreements with certain of its counterparties which allow for the settlement of contracts in an asset position with contracts in a liability position in the event of default or termination. Such netting arrangements reduce the Company’s credit exposure related to these counterparties. For classification purposes, the Company records the net fair value of all the positions with a given counterparty as a net asset or liability in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, the Company had asset derivatives comprised of foreign currency option contracts with a fair value of $0.7 million and $6.2 million, respectively. The net amount of asset derivatives is included in “Other current assets” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

10


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Currently, the Company does not seek cash flow hedge accounting treatment for its derivative financial instruments and thus changes in fair value are reflected in current earnings. The tables below show the amounts of pretax gains and losses related to the Company’s derivatives and their classification within the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Total loss recognized in incomeLoss realized in income on derivativesUnrealized loss recognized in income on derivatives
Derivative InstrumentClassification
(Dollars in millions)
Foreign currency option contractsOperating costs and expenses$(6.5)$(0.8)$(5.7)
Total$(6.5)$(0.8)$(5.7)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Total (loss) gain recognized in income(Loss) gain realized in income on derivativesUnrealized (loss) gain recognized in income on derivatives
Derivative InstrumentClassification
(Dollars in millions)
Foreign currency option contractsOperating costs and expenses$(5.0)$(2.8)$(2.2)
Derivative contracts related to forecasted salesRevenue68.1 (50.6)118.7 
Financial trading contractsRevenue 17.3 (17.3)
Total$63.1 $(36.1)$99.2 
The Company classifies the cash effects of its derivatives within the “Cash Flows From Operating Activities” section of the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company uses a three-level fair value hierarchy that categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value based on the observability of the inputs utilized in the valuation. These levels include: Level 1 - inputs are quoted prices in active markets for the identical assets or liabilities; Level 2 - inputs are other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are directly or indirectly observable through market-corroborated inputs; and Level 3 - inputs are unobservable, or observable but cannot be market-corroborated, requiring the Company to make assumptions about pricing by market participants.
The following tables set forth the hierarchy of the Company’s net asset positions for which fair value is measured on a recurring basis.
 March 31, 2024
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (Dollars in millions)
Foreign currency option contracts$ $0.7 $ $0.7 
Equity securities0.9   0.9 
Total net assets$0.9 $0.7 $ $1.6 
 December 31, 2023
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
 (Dollars in millions)
Foreign currency option contracts$ $6.2 $ $6.2 
Equity securities0.4   0.4 
Total net assets$0.4 $6.2 $ $6.6 

11


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
For Level 1 and 2 financial assets and liabilities, the Company utilizes both direct and indirect observable price quotes, including interest rate yield curves, exchange indices, broker/dealer quotes, published indices, issuer spreads, benchmark securities and other market quotes. In the case of certain debt securities, fair value is provided by a third-party pricing service. Below is a summary of the Company’s valuation techniques for Level 1 and 2 financial assets and liabilities:
Foreign currency option contracts are valued utilizing inputs obtained in quoted public markets (Level 2) except when credit and non-performance risk is considered to be a significant input, then the Company classifies such contracts as Level 3.
Derivative contracts related to forecasted sales and financial trading contracts are generally valued based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets (Level 1) or a valuation that is corroborated by the use of market-based pricing (Level 2) except when credit and non-performance risk is considered to be a significant input (greater than 10% of fair value), then the Company classifies as Level 3.
Investments in equity securities are currently based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets (Level 1).
Other Financial Instruments. The following methods and assumptions were used by the Company in estimating fair values for other financial instruments as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023:
Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, including those within the Company’s accounts receivable securitization program, margining cash, notes receivable and accounts payable have carrying values which approximate fair value due to the short maturity or the liquid nature of these instruments.
Long-term debt fair value estimates are based on observed prices for securities when available (Level 2), and otherwise on estimated borrowing rates to discount the cash flows to their present value (Level 3).
Market risk associated with the Company’s fixed-rate long-term debt relates to the potential reduction in the fair value from an increase in interest rates. The fair value of debt, shown below, is principally based on reported market values and estimates based on interest rates, maturities, credit risk, underlying collateral and completed market transactions.
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (Dollars in millions)
Total debt at par value$345.3 $342.3 
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs(7.6)(8.1)
Net carrying amount$337.7 $334.2 
Estimated fair value$477.0 $483.9 
The Company’s risk management function, which is independent of the Company’s coal trading function, is responsible for valuation policies and procedures, with oversight from executive management. The fair value of the Company’s coal derivative assets and liabilities reflects adjustments for credit risk. The Company’s exposure to credit risk is substantially with electric utilities, energy marketers, steel producers and nonfinancial trading houses.
Significant increases or decreases in the inputs in isolation could result in a significantly higher or lower fair value measurement. The unobservable inputs do not have a direct interrelationship; therefore, a change in one unobservable input would not necessarily correspond with a change in another unobservable input.
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the entity in which the Company held a Level 3 investment in equity securities completed a merger transaction and its shares were exchanged for the shares of the newly-combined entity, which are publicly traded. The Company recorded an impairment loss of $2.0 million upon the exchange of shares.
The Company had no transfers between Levels 1, 2 and 3 during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. The Company’s policy is to value all transfers between levels using the beginning of period valuation.

12


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(7) Property, Plant, Equipment and Mine Development
The composition of property, plant, equipment and mine development, net, as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 is set forth in the table below:
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(Dollars in millions)
Land and coal interests$2,475.1 $2,475.2 
Buildings and improvements645.4 647.6 
Machinery and equipment1,842.0 1,787.6 
Less: Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization(2,132.3)(2,066.3)
Property, plant, equipment and mine development, net$2,830.2 $2,844.1 
Asset Impairment and Other At-Risk Assets
The Company identified certain assets with an aggregate carrying value of approximately $219 million at March 31, 2024 in its Other U.S. Thermal segment whose recoverability is most sensitive to customer concentration risk.
(8)  Income Taxes
The Company's effective tax rate before remeasurement for the three months ended March 31, 2024 is based on the Company’s estimated full year effective tax rate, comprised of expected statutory tax provision, offset by foreign rate differential and changes in valuation allowance. The Company’s income tax provisions of $20.1 million and $118.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, included a tax benefit of $5.8 million and a tax provision of $0.4 million, respectively, related to the remeasurement of foreign income tax accounts. The Company’s estimated full year pretax income and income tax expense are expected to be primarily generated in Australia.
(9)     Long-term Debt 
The Company’s total indebtedness as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 consisted of the following:
Debt Instrument (defined below, as applicable)March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
(Dollars in millions)
3.250% Convertible Senior Notes due March 2028 (2028 Convertible Notes)
$320.0 $320.0 
Finance lease obligations25.3 22.3 
Less: Debt issuance costs(7.6)(8.1)
337.7 334.2 
Less: Current portion of long-term debt14.4 13.5 
Long-term debt$323.3 $320.7 
2028 Convertible Notes
On March 1, 2022, through a private offering, the Company issued the 2028 Convertible Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $320.0 million. The 2028 Convertible Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and are governed under an indenture.
The Company used the proceeds of the offering of the 2028 Convertible Notes and available cash to redeem its then-existing senior secured notes, and to pay related premiums, fees and expenses relating to the offering and redemptions. The Company capitalized $11.2 million of debt issuance costs related to the offering, which are being amortized over the terms of the notes.
The 2028 Convertible Notes will mature on March 1, 2028, unless earlier converted, redeemed or repurchased in accordance with their terms. The 2028 Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 3.250% per year, payable semi-annually in arrears on March 1 and September 1 of each year.

13


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
The initial conversion rate for the 2028 Convertible Notes was 50.3816 shares of the Company’s common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2028 Convertible Notes, which represented an initial conversion price of approximately $19.85 per share of the Company’s common stock. The terms of the indenture require conversion rate adjustments upon the payment of dividends to holders of the Company’s common stock once such cumulative dividends impact the conversion rate by at least 1%. Effective February 21, 2024, the conversion rate was increased to 51.0440 shares of the Company’s common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 2028 Convertible Notes, which represented an adjusted conversion price of approximately $19.59 per share of the Company’s common stock. The conversion rate is subject to further adjustment under certain circumstances in accordance with the terms of the indenture.
During the first quarter of 2024, the Company’s reported common stock prices did not prompt the conversion feature of the 2028 Convertible Notes. As a result, the 2028 Convertible Notes will not be convertible at the option of the holders during the second quarter of 2024.
As of March 31, 2024, the if-converted value of the 2028 Convertible Notes exceeded the principal amount by $76.3 million.
Revolving Credit Facility
The Company established a new revolving credit facility with a maximum aggregate principal amount of $320.0 million in revolving commitments by entering into a credit agreement, dated as of January 18, 2024 (the 2024 Credit Agreement), by and among the Company, as borrower, certain subsidiaries of the Company party thereto, PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto. The Company paid aggregate debt issuance costs of $9.7 million.
The revolving commitments and any related loans, if applicable (any such loans, the Revolving Loans), established by the 2024 Credit Agreement terminate or mature, as applicable, on January 18, 2028, subject to certain conditions relating to the Company’s outstanding 2028 Convertible Notes. The Revolving Loans bear interest at a secured overnight financing rate (SOFR) plus an applicable margin ranging from 3.50% to 4.25%, depending on the Company’s total net leverage ratio (as defined under the 2024 Credit Agreement) or a base rate plus an applicable margin ranging from 2.50% to 3.25%, at the Company’s option. Letters of credit issued under the 2024 Credit Agreement incur a combined fee equal to an applicable margin ranging from 3.50% to 4.25% plus a fronting fee equal to 0.125% per annum. Unused capacity under the 2024 Credit Agreement bears a commitment fee of 0.50% per annum.
As of March 31, 2024, the 2024 Credit Agreement had only been utilized for letters of credit, including $99.0 million outstanding as of March 31, 2024. These letters of credit support the Company’s reclamation bonding requirements, lease obligations, insurance policies and various other performance guarantees as further described in Note 12. “Financial Instruments and Other Guarantees.” Availability under the 2024 Credit Agreement was $221.0 million at March 31, 2024.
The 2024 Credit Agreement contains customary covenants that, among other things and subject to certain exceptions (including compliance with financial ratios), may limit the Company and its subsidiaries’ ability to incur additional indebtedness, make certain restricted payments or investments, sell or otherwise dispose of assets, enter into transactions with affiliates, create or incur liens, and merge, consolidate or sell all or substantially all of their assets. The 2024 Credit Agreement is secured by substantially all assets of the Company and its U.S. subsidiaries, as well as a pledge of two Australian subsidiaries.

14


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Interest Charges
The following table presents the components of the Company’s interest expense related to its indebtedness and financial assurance instruments such as surety bonds and letters of credit. Additionally, the table sets forth the amount of cash paid for interest and the amount of non-cash interest expense primarily related to the amortization of debt issuance costs.
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
2028 Convertible Notes$2.6 $2.6 
Finance lease obligations0.4 0.5 
Financial assurance instruments8.8 12.0 
Amortization of debt issuance costs1.2 1.6 
Other1.7 1.7 
Interest expense$14.7 $18.4 
Cash paid for interest$11.5 $19.1 
Non-cash interest expense$1.3 $1.6 
Covenant Compliance
The Company was compliant with all relevant covenants under its debt and other finance agreements at March 31, 2024.
(10) Pension and Postretirement Benefit Costs
The components of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs, excluding the service cost for benefits earned, are included in “Net periodic benefit credit, excluding service cost” in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Net periodic pension cost included the following components:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation$1.6 $7.4 
Expected return on plan assets(1.2)(6.6)
Net periodic pension cost$0.4 $0.8 
Prior to January 1, 2024, the Company had two qualified pension plans. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company settled its pension obligation for one of its qualified plans. Refer to Note 14. “Pension and Savings Plans” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023, for information regarding the settlement of the plan’s obligation.
Annual contributions to the remaining qualified plan are made in accordance with minimum funding standards and the Company’s agreement with the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. Funding decisions also consider certain funded status thresholds defined by the Pension Protection Act of 2006. As of March 31, 2024, the Company’s remaining qualified plan was expected to be at or above the Pension Protection Act thresholds. The Company is not required to make any cash contributions to its remaining qualified pension plan in 2024 based on minimum funding requirements and does not expect to make any discretionary cash contributions in 2024.

15


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Net periodic postretirement benefit credit included the following components:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Service cost for benefits earned$0.1 $0.1 
Interest cost on accumulated postretirement benefit obligation2.3 2.5 
Expected return on plan assets(0.1)(0.1)
Amortization of prior service credit(13.2)(13.4)
Net periodic postretirement benefit credit$(10.9)$(10.9)
The Company has established a Voluntary Employees’ Beneficiary Association (VEBA) trust to pre-fund a portion of benefits for non-represented retirees. The Company does not expect to make any discretionary contributions to the VEBA trust in 2024 and plans to utilize a portion of VEBA assets to make certain benefit payments.
(11) Earnings per Share (EPS)
Basic EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock plus the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding. As such, the Company includes the 2028 Convertible Notes and share-based compensation awards in its potentially dilutive securities. Generally, dilutive securities are not included in the computation of loss per share when a company reports a net loss from continuing operations as the impact would be anti-dilutive.
For all but performance units, the potentially dilutive impact of the Company’s share-based compensation awards is determined using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, awards are treated as if they had been exercised with any proceeds used to repurchase common stock at the average market price during the period. Any incremental difference between the assumed number of shares issued and purchased is included in the diluted share computation. For performance units, their contingent features result in an assessment for any potentially dilutive common stock by using the end of the reporting period as if it were the end of the contingency period for all units granted.
A conversion of the 2028 Convertible Notes may result in payment in the Company’s common stock. For diluted EPS purposes, the potentially dilutive common stock is assumed to have been converted at the beginning of the period (or at the time of issuance, if later). In periods where the potentially dilutive common stock is included in the computation of diluted EPS, the numerator will be adjusted to add back tax adjusted interest expense, which includes the amortization of debt issuance costs, related to the convertible debt.
The computation of diluted EPS excluded aggregate share-based compensation awards of less than 0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for those periods. Because the potential dilutive impact of such share-based compensation awards is calculated under the treasury stock method, anti-dilution generally occurs when the exercise prices or unrecognized compensation cost per share of such awards are higher than the Company’s average stock price during the applicable period. Anti-dilution also occurs when a company reports a net loss from continuing operations, and the dilutive impact of all share-based compensation awards are excluded accordingly.

16


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
The following illustrates the earnings allocation method utilized in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS.
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(In millions, except per share data)
Basic EPS numerator: 
Income from continuing operations, net of income taxes$45.7 $284.1 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests5.4 14.3 
Income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders40.3 269.8 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes(0.7)(1.3)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$39.6 $268.5 
Diluted EPS numerator:
Income from continuing operations, net of income taxes$45.7 $284.1 
Add: Tax adjusted interest expense related to 2028 Convertible Notes3.1 2.6 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests5.4 14.3 
Income from continuing operations attributable to common stockholders43.4 272.4 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of income taxes(0.7)(1.3)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$42.7 $271.1 
EPS denominator: 
Weighted average shares outstanding — basic
128.1 144.6 
Dilutive impact of share-based compensation awards0.6 0.7 
Dilutive impact of 2028 Convertible Notes16.2 16.1 
Weighted average shares outstanding — diluted144.9 161.4 
Basic EPS attributable to common stockholders:
 
Income from continuing operations$0.32 $1.87 
Loss from discontinued operations(0.01)(0.01)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$0.31 $1.86 
 
Diluted EPS attributable to common stockholders: 
Income from continuing operations$0.30 $1.69 
Loss from discontinued operations(0.01)(0.01)
Net income attributable to common stockholders$0.29 $1.68 
(12) Financial Instruments and Other Guarantees
In the normal course of business, the Company is a party to various guarantees and financial instruments that carry off-balance-sheet risk and are not reflected in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Such financial instruments provide support for the Company’s reclamation bonding requirements, lease obligations, insurance policies and various other performance guarantees. The Company periodically evaluates the instruments for on-balance-sheet treatment based on the amount of exposure under the instrument and the likelihood of required performance. The Company does not expect any material losses to result from these guarantees or off-balance-sheet instruments in excess of liabilities provided for in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

17


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
The following table summarizes the Company’s financial instruments that carry off-balance-sheet risk.
 March 31, 2024
 Reclamation Support
Other Support (1)
Total
 (Dollars in millions)
Surety bonds$962.1 $108.2 $1,070.3 
Letters of credit (2)
53.6 98.5 152.1 
1,015.7 206.7 1,222.4 
Less: Letters of credit in support of surety bonds (3)
(53.6)(14.4)(68.0)
Obligations supported, net$962.1 $192.3 $1,154.4 
(1)    Instruments support obligations related to pension and health care plans, workers’ compensation, property and casualty insurance, customer and vendor contracts and certain restoration ancillary to prior mining activities.
(2)    Amounts do not include cash-collateralized letters of credit.
(3)    Certain letters of credit serve as collateral for surety bonds at the request of surety bond providers.
Surety Agreement Amendment and Collateral Requirements
In April 2023, the Company amended its existing agreement with the providers of its surety bond portfolio, dated November 6, 2020. Under the April 2023 amendment, the Company and its surety providers agreed to a maximum aggregate collateral amount of $721.8 million based upon bonding levels at the effective date of the amendment. This maximum collateral amount will vary prospectively as bonding levels increase or decrease. The amendment extended the agreement through December 31, 2026. In order to maintain the maximum collateral agreement, the Company must remain compliant with a minimum liquidity test and a maximum net leverage ratio, as measured each quarter. The minimum liquidity test requires the Company to maintain liquidity at the greater of $400 million or the difference between the penal sum of all surety bonds and the amount of collateral posted in favor of surety providers, which was $521.8 million at March 31, 2024. The Company must also maintain a maximum net leverage ratio of 1.5 to 1.0, where the numerator consists of its funded debt, net of cash, and the denominator consists of its Adjusted EBITDA for the trailing twelve months. For purposes of calculating the ratio, only 50% of the outstanding principal amount of the Company’s 2028 Convertible Notes is deemed to be funded debt. The Company’s ability to pay dividends and make share repurchases is also subject to the quarterly minimum liquidity test. The Company is in compliance with such requirements at March 31, 2024.
To fund the maximum collateral amount, the Company deposited $566.3 million into trust accounts for the benefit of certain surety providers on March 31, 2023. The remainder was comprised of $140.5 million of existing cash-collateralized letters of credit and $15.0 million already held on behalf of a surety provider. The amendment became effective on April 14, 2023, when the Company terminated a then-existing credit agreement which, as amended, provided for $237.2 million of capacity for irrevocable standby letters of credit (LC Facility).
LC Facility
The now-terminated LC Facility had an original capacity of $324.0 million and was subsequently amended at various dates to reduce its capacity and effect certain other changes, including in February 2023 to reduce capacity by $65.0 million, accelerate the expiration date to December 31, 2023 from December 31, 2024, and eliminate the prepayment premium due upon any reduction of commitments thereunder prior to July 29, 2023. The Company recorded early debt extinguishment losses of $6.8 million during the three months ended March 31, 2023, primarily as a result of the February 2023 amendment.
Prior to its termination, undrawn letters of credit under the LC Facility bore interest at 6.00% per annum and unused commitments were subject to a 0.50% per annum commitment fee.

18


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Accounts Receivable Securitization
In 2017, the Company entered into the Sixth Amended and Restated Receivables Purchase Agreement, as amended from time to time (the Receivables Purchase Agreement.) The receivables securitization program authorized under the agreement (Securitization Program) is subject to customary events of default. The Receivables Purchase Agreement was amended in February 2023 to increase the available funding capacity from $175.0 million to $225.0 million and adjust the relevant interest rate for borrowings to a SOFR. Such funding is accounted for as a secured borrowing, limited to the availability of eligible receivables, and may be secured by a combination of collateral and the trade receivables underlying the program. Funding capacity under the Securitization Program may also be utilized for letters of credit in support of other obligations, which has been the Company’s primary utilization.
Borrowings under the Securitization Program bear interest at SOFR plus 2.1% per annum and remain outstanding throughout the term of the agreement, subject to the Company maintaining sufficient eligible receivables.
At March 31, 2024, the Company had no outstanding borrowings and $53.1 million of letters of credit outstanding under the Securitization Program. Availability under the Securitization Program, which is adjusted for certain ineligible receivables, was $80.7 million at March 31, 2024. The Company was not required to post cash collateral under the Securitization Program at March 31, 2024.
The Company incurred interest and fees associated with the Securitization Program of $0.8 million and $1.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, which have been recorded as “Interest expense” in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Credit Support Facilities
In February 2022, the Company entered into an agreement which provides up to $250.0 million of capacity for irrevocable standby letters of credit, primarily to support reclamation bonding requirements. The agreement requires the Company to provide cash collateral at a level of 103% of the aggregate amount of letters of credit outstanding under the arrangement (limited to $5.0 million total excess collateralization.) Outstanding letters of credit bear a fixed fee in the amount of 0.75% per annum. The Company receives a variable deposit rate on the amount of cash collateral posted in support of letters of credit. The agreement has an initial expiration date of December 31, 2025. At March 31, 2024, letters of credit of $116.6 million were outstanding under the agreement, which were collateralized by cash of $120.1 million.
In December 2023, the Company established cash-backed bank guarantee facilities, primarily to support Australian reclamation bonding requirements. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company capitalized $1.1 million of debt issuance costs related to these bank guarantee facilities. The Company receives a variable deposit rate on the amount of cash collateral posted in support of the bank guarantee facilities, which mature at various dates between 2026 and 2029. At March 31, 2024, the bank guarantee facilities were backed by cash of $177.0 million.

19


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Restricted Cash and Collateral
The following table summarizes the Company’s “Restricted cash and collateral” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Restricted cash balances are held in controlled accounts with minimum balance requirements; withdrawals are subject to the approval of account beneficiaries, such as the Company’s surety providers, who have perfected security interests in the funds. The Company’s other cash collateral generally includes deposits held by regulatory authorities or financial institutions over which the Company has no control or ability to access.
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
 (Dollars in millions)
Restricted cash (1)
Surety trust accounts (2)
$413.5 $444.0 
Credit support facilities (2)
297.1 236.9 
710.6 680.9 
Other cash collateral (1)
Deposits with regulatory authorities for reclamation and other obligations125.4 276.7 
125.4 276.7 
Restricted cash and collateral$836.0 $957.6 
(1)    Restricted cash balances are combined with unrestricted cash and cash equivalents in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of cash flows; changes between unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash balances are thus not reflected in the operating, investing or financing activities therein. Changes in other cash collateral balances are reflected as operating activities therein.
(2)    Surety trust accounts, the funding for collateralized letters of credit and cash supporting the bank guarantee facilities are comprised of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less; interest and other earnings on such funds accrue to the Company.
(13) Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments
Unconditional Purchase Obligations
As of March 31, 2024, purchase commitments for capital expenditures were $100.0 million, all of which is obligated within the next two years, with $92.9 million obligated within the next 12 months.
There were no other material changes to the Company’s commitments from the information provided in Note 21. “Commitments and Contingencies” to the consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.
Contingencies
From time to time, the Company or its subsidiaries are involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business or related to indemnities or historical operations. The Company believes it has recorded adequate reserves for these liabilities. The Company discusses its significant legal proceedings below, including ongoing proceedings and those that impacted the Company’s consolidated results of operations for the periods presented.
Litigation and Matters Relating to Continuing Operations
Metropolitan Mine Stormwater Discharge. Significantly high rainfall in New South Wales, including unprecedented rain totals at the Metropolitan Mine site resulted in stormwater being discharged from the mine site on several occasions in 2021 and 2022. On September 6, 2023, the Environment Protection Authority commenced a prosecution for five breaches of the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 relating to the stormwater discharges. On March 15, 2024, the Company pled guilty to two of the charges related to water pollution, and two charges related to a failure to adequately maintain plant and equipment were consolidated into one charge to which the Company also pled guilty. No plea has been entered for the remaining charge that has been held over to a sentencing hearing to be scheduled later in the year. Penalties will be determined at that sentencing hearing. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company recorded an immaterial provision to establish a current liability that the Company believes is probable and reasonably estimable.

20


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Oregon Climate Change Lawsuit. On July 20, 2023, Peabody Energy was served with a summons issued on behalf of Multnomah County, Oregon. The complaint seeks damages from the Company and other major energy producers for allegedly causing an “extreme heat event” in Multnomah County in late June and early July 2021. The causes of action, pursuant to Oregon state law, include a failure to warn, false or misleading advertisement and public nuisance. The Company will defend the claim and will continue to assert all applicable defenses available in regards to these claims.
Other
At times, the Company becomes a party to other disputes, including those related to contract miner performance, claims, lawsuits, arbitration proceedings, regulatory investigations and administrative procedures in the ordinary course of business in the U.S., Australia and other countries where the Company does business. Based on current information, the Company believes that such other pending or threatened proceedings are likely to be resolved without a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. The Company reassesses the probability and estimability of contingent losses as new information becomes available.
(14) Segment Information
The Company reports its results of operations primarily through the following reportable segments: Seaborne Thermal, Seaborne Metallurgical, Powder River Basin, Other U.S. Thermal and Corporate and Other. The Company’s CODM, defined as its Chief Executive Officer, uses Adjusted EBITDA as the primary metric to measure the segments’ operating performance and allocate resources.
Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure defined as income from continuing operations before deducting net interest expense, income taxes, asset retirement obligation expenses and depreciation, depletion and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is also adjusted for the discrete items that management excluded in analyzing the segments’ operating performance, as displayed in the reconciliation below. Management believes this non-GAAP performance measure is also used by investors to measure the Company’s operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to serve as an alternative to U.S. GAAP measures of performance and may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures presented by other companies.
Reportable segment results were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Revenue:
Seaborne Thermal$283.9 $346.5 
Seaborne Metallurgical247.0 288.4 
Powder River Basin254.1 305.3 
Other U.S. Thermal191.6 249.4 
Corporate and Other7.0 174.4 
Total$983.6 $1,364.0 
Adjusted EBITDA:
Seaborne Thermal$93.8 $164.0 
Seaborne Metallurgical48.3 90.8 
Powder River Basin16.4 35.8 
Other U.S. Thermal46.5 64.2 
Corporate and Other(44.5)35.8 
Total$160.5 $390.6 

21


PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
A reconciliation of consolidated income from continuing operations, net of income taxes to Adjusted EBITDA follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20242023
 (Dollars in millions)
Income from continuing operations, net of income taxes$45.7 $284.1 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization79.8 76.3 
Asset retirement obligation expenses12.9 15.4 
Restructuring charges0.1 0.1 
Asset impairment 2.0 
Provision for NARM loss1.8  
Changes in amortization of basis difference related to equity affiliates(0.4)(0.3)
Interest expense14.7 18.4 
Net loss on early debt extinguishment 6.8 
Interest income(19.2)(13.1)
Unrealized gains on derivative contracts related to forecasted sales (118.7)
Unrealized losses on foreign currency option contracts5.7 2.2 
Take-or-pay contract-based intangible recognition(0.7)(0.6)
Income tax provision20.1 118.0 
Adjusted EBITDA$160.5 $390.6 
(15) Other Events
Coal Deposit Acquisition
The Company entered into a definitive agreement dated October 26, 2023, to acquire the southern part of the Wards Well tenements (Wards Well area) which are adjacent to the Company’s Centurion Mine in Queensland, Australia. The acquisition was completed on April 16, 2024 for cash consideration of approximately $134 million and a contingent royalty of up to $200 million. The royalty will only be payable once the Company has recovered its investment and development costs of the Wards Well area and if the average sales price achieved exceeds certain thresholds. No royalty is payable if the Company does not commence mining in the Wards Well area.
Share Repurchases
During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company repurchased approximately 3.2 million shares of its common stock for $80.5 million, including commission fees. As of March 31, 2024, the Company had accrued excise taxes of $4.0 million related to share repurchases, which were unpaid at March 31, 2024. The Company includes commission fees and excise taxes, as incurred, with the cost of treasury stock. At March 31, 2024, $569.6 million remained available under its share repurchase program.
North Antelope Rochelle Mine Tornado
On June 23, 2023, the Company’s North Antelope Rochelle Mine sustained damage from a tornado which led to a temporary suspension of operations. The mine resumed operations on June 25, 2023. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the Company recorded a provision for loss of $1.8 million for incremental repair costs related to the tornado damage. The Company anticipates that immaterial incremental repair costs will continue to be recognized in the second quarter of 2024.
Shoal Creek Incident
On March 29, 2023, the Company’s Shoal Creek Mine experienced a fire involving void fill material utilized to stabilize the roof structure of the mine. On June 20, 2023, the Company announced that the Shoal Creek Mine, in coordination with the Mine Safety and Health Administration, had safely completed localized sealing of the affected area of the mine.
In October 2023, the Company filed an insurance claim against applicable insurance policies with combined business interruption and property loss limits of $125 million above a $50 million deductible.

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PEABODY ENERGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Port and Rail Capacity Assignment
During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the Company entered into an agreement to assign the right to its excess port and rail capacity related to its Centurion Mine in exchange for $30.0 million Australian dollars. Half of such amount was received by the Company upon entry into the agreement, and half was payable in June 2024, subject to certain conditions. In connection with the transaction, the Company recorded revenue of $19.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2023 and had a discounted receivable of $9.8 million included in “Accounts receivable, net” as of March 31, 2024. In association with the completion of the Wards Well acquisition described above, the remaining receivable was settled as of April 16, 2024.

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Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
As used in this report, the terms “Peabody” or “the Company” refer to Peabody Energy Corporation or its applicable subsidiary or subsidiaries. Unless otherwise noted herein, disclosures in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relate only to the Company’s continuing operations.
When used in this filing, the term “ton” refers to short or net tons, equal to 2,000 pounds (907.18 kilograms), while “tonne” refers to metric tons, equal to 2,204.62 pounds (1,000 kilograms).
Cautionary Notice Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This report includes statements of Peabody’s expectations, intentions, plans and beliefs that constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), and are intended to come within the safe harbor protection provided by those sections. These statements relate to future events or Peabody’s future financial performance. The Company uses words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “forecast,” “project,” “should,” “estimate,” “plan,” “outlook,” “target,” “likely,” “will,” “to be” or other similar words to identify forward-looking statements.
Without limiting the foregoing, all statements relating to Peabody’s future operating results, anticipated capital expenditures, future cash flows and borrowings, and sources of funding are forward-looking statements and speak only as of the date of this report. These forward-looking statements are based on numerous assumptions that Peabody believes are reasonable, but are subject to a wide range of uncertainties and business risks, and actual results may differ materially from those discussed in these statements. These factors are difficult to accurately predict and may be beyond the Company’s control.
When considering these forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the cautionary statements in this document and in the Company’s other Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings, including, but not limited to, the more detailed discussion of these factors and other factors that could affect its results contained in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of Part II of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Item 1A. “Risk Factors” and Item 3. “Legal Proceedings” of Part I of its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 filed with the SEC on February 23, 2024. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which such statements were made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update these statements except as required by federal securities laws.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The following discussion of the Company’s results of operations includes references to and analysis of Adjusted EBITDA and Total Reporting Segment Costs, which are financial measures not recognized in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP). Adjusted EBITDA is used by management as the primary metric to measure each of its segments’ operating performance and allocate resources. Total Reporting Segment Costs is also used by management as a component of a metric to measure each of its segments’ operating performance.
Also included in the following discussion of the Company’s results of operations are references to Revenue per Ton, Costs per Ton and Adjusted EBITDA Margin per Ton for each reporting segment. These metrics are used by management to measure each of its reporting segments’ operating performance. Management believes Costs per Ton and Adjusted EBITDA Margin per Ton best reflect controllable costs and operating results at the reporting segment level. The Company considers all measures reported on a per ton basis to be operating/statistical measures; however, the Company includes reconciliations of the related non-GAAP financial measures (Adjusted EBITDA and Total Reporting Segment Costs) in the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section contained within this Item 2.
In its discussion of liquidity and capital resources, the Company includes references to Available Free Cash Flow (AFCF) which is also a non-GAAP financial measure. AFCF is used by management as a measure of its ability to generate excess cash flow from its business operations.
The Company believes non-GAAP performance measures are used by investors to measure its operating performance. These measures are not intended to serve as alternatives to U.S. GAAP measures of performance and may not be comparable to similarly-titled measures presented by other companies. Refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section contained within this Item 2 for definitions and reconciliations to the most comparable measures under U.S. GAAP.

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Overview
Peabody is a leading producer of metallurgical and thermal coal. In 2023, the Company produced and sold 126.7 million and 126.2 million tons of coal, respectively, from continuing operations. At March 31, 2024, the Company owned interests in 17 active coal mining operations located in the United States (U.S.) and Australia. Included in that count is Peabody’s 50% equity interest in Middlemount Coal Pty Ltd (Middlemount), which owns the Middlemount Mine in Queensland, Australia. In addition to its mining operations, the Company markets and brokers coal from other coal producers; trades coal and freight-related contracts; and since 2022, is partnered in a joint venture with the intent of developing various sites, including certain reclaimed mining land held by the Company in the U.S., for utility-scale photovoltaic solar generation and battery storage.
The Company reports its results of operations primarily through the following reportable segments: Seaborne Thermal, Seaborne Metallurgical, Powder River Basin, Other U.S. Thermal and Corporate and Other. Refer to Note 14. “Segment Information” to the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for further information regarding those segments and the components of its Corporate and Other segment.
Spot pricing for premium low-vol hard coking coal (Premium HCC), premium low-vol pulverized coal injection (Premium PCI) coal, Newcastle index thermal coal and API 5 index thermal coal, and prompt month pricing for PRB 8,880 Btu/Lb coal and Illinois Basin 11,500 Btu/Lb coal during the three months ended March 31, 2024 is set forth in the table below.
The seaborne pricing included in the table below is not necessarily indicative of the pricing the Company realized during the three months ended March 31, 2024 due to quality differentials and a portion of its seaborne sales being executed through annual and multi-year international coal supply agreements that contain provisions requiring both parties to renegotiate pricing periodically, with spot, index and quarterly sales arrangements also utilized. The Company’s typical practice is to negotiate pricing for seaborne metallurgical coal contracts on a quarterly, spot or index basis and seaborne thermal coal contracts on an annual, spot or index basis.
In the U.S., the pricing included in the table below is also not necessarily indicative of the pricing the Company realized during the three months ended March 31, 2024 since the Company generally sells coal under long-term contracts where pricing is determined based on various factors. Such long-term contracts in the U.S. may vary significantly in many respects, including price adjustment features, price reopener terms, coal quality requirements, quantity parameters, permitted sources of supply, treatment of environmental constraints, extension options, force majeure and termination and assignment provisions. Competition from alternative fuels such as natural gas and other fuel sources may also impact the Company’s realized pricing.
HighLowAverageMarch 31, 2024May 3, 2024
Premium HCC (1)
$338.10 $244.50 $308.38 $244.50 $238.00 
Premium PCI coal (1)
176.00 148.00 164.77 148.00 156.00 
Newcastle index thermal coal (1)
135.69 116.08 126.03 127.77 145.74 
API 5 index thermal coal (1)
96.66 87.37 93.34 87.37 89.13 
PRB 8,800 Btu/Lb coal (2)
13.85 13.40 13.58 13.40 13.40 
Illinois Basin 11,500 Btu/Lb coal (2)
43.50 41.00 41.93 41.00 41.50 
(1)    Prices expressed per metric tonne.
(2)    Prices expressed per short ton.
Within the global coal industry, supply and demand for its products and the supplies used for mining continue to be impacted by the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian conflict. As future developments related to the Russian-Ukrainian conflict and geopolitical instability in key energy producing regions are unknown, the global coal industry data for the three months ended March 31, 2024 presented herein may not be indicative of their ultimate impacts.

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Within the seaborne metallurgical coal market, coking coal prices retreated from a high base during the three months ended March 31, 2024. Outside of India and China, metallurgical coal demand was hampered by thin steel margins. In India robust economic output supported steel making profitability; while in China steel demand was mixed but generally weaker, pressured by real estate sector performance, and domestic metallurgical coal prices declined in response. Meanwhile, Australian high-quality coking coal showed signs of supply improvement after a period of extended production disruptions and relatively high segment prices. This incremental volume of high-quality coking coal was reportedly placed in the seaborne market at progressively lower prices during the three months ended March 31, 2024. In other metallurgical coal market segments, such as pulverized coal injection, prices also retreated during the period however not to the extent of high-quality coking coal given reduced steel making productivity targets under thin margin conditions had already been priced into these segments. In the coming period, improving steel margins, economic stimulus measures and seasonal restocking patterns may lend support to metallurgical coal market pricing. Overall, the market for metallurgical coal remains finely balanced and exposed to volatility, influenced by the rate of recovery of exports from Australia and economic performance in China, India and elsewhere.
Within the seaborne thermal coal market, global thermal coal prices were rangebound during the three months ended March 31, 2024, finding support in Asian markets due to potential supply disruptions following new Russian sanctions. In China, overall total generation demand has been elevated while domestic coal production has declined, which has driven stronger coal import demand year-over-year through the three months ended March 31, 2024. In India, strong growth in coal generation has supported increased import demand, despite elevated domestic coal production. Overall, global thermal coal markets remain turbulent amid ample supply and seasonal demand requirements in the Northern Hemisphere, as well as volatile global natural gas markets.
In the U.S., overall electricity demand increased approximately 4% year-over-year. Through the three months ended March 31, 2024, electricity generation from thermal coal has declined year-over-year due to low natural gas prices and stronger renewable generation, despite higher overall electricity demand. Coal’s share of electricity generation has declined to approximately 15% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, while wind and solar’s combined generation share is at 17% and the share of natural gas generation has increased to 41%. While U.S. coal inventories declined in January, these levels have reversed and increased through March 31, 2024, resulting in stockpiles slightly above levels seen at the end of 2023. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, utility consumption of PRB coal increased approximately 6% compared to the prior year period.
Other
The Company entered into a definitive agreement dated October 26, 2023, to acquire the southern part of the Wards Well tenements (Wards Well area) which are adjacent to the Company’s Centurion Mine in Queensland, Australia. The acquisition was completed on April 16, 2024 for cash consideration of approximately $134 million and a contingent royalty of up to $200 million. The royalty will only be payable once the Company has recovered its investment and development costs of the Wards Well area and if the average sales price achieved exceeds certain thresholds. No royalty is payable if the Company does not commence mining in the Wards Well area.
Results of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Summary
The decrease in income from continuing operations, net of income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in the prior year ($238.4 million) was driven by lower revenue ($380.4 million) due to no unrealized mark-to-market gains from derivative contracts related to forecasted sales in the current year, lower seaborne coal pricing and volume decreases in the U.S. thermal segments. This unfavorable variance was partially offset by a lower tax provision ($97.9 million) and operating costs and expenses ($32.4 million).
Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2024 reflected a year-over-year decrease of $230.1 million.

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Tons Sold
The following table presents tons sold by operating segment:
Three Months Ended March 31,Increase (Decrease)
to Volumes
 20242023Tons%
 (Tons in millions)
Seaborne Thermal4.0 3.6 0.4 11 %
Seaborne Metallurgical1.4 1.3 0.1 %
Powder River Basin18.7 22.0 (3.3)(15)%
Other U.S. Thermal3.2 4.5 (1.3)(29)%
Total tons sold from operating segments27.3 31.4 (4.1)(13)%
Corporate and Other0.1 0.1 — — %
Total tons sold27.4 31.5 (4.1)(13)%
Supplemental Financial Data
The following table presents supplemental financial data by operating segment:
Three Months Ended March 31,(Decrease)
Increase
 20242023$%
Revenue per Ton (1)
Seaborne Thermal$71.24 $96.82 $(25.58)(26)%
Seaborne Metallurgical172.60 220.60 (48.00)(22)%
Powder River Basin 13.62 13.89 (0.27)(2)%
Other U.S. Thermal59.75 54.73 5.02 %
Costs per Ton (1)(2)
Seaborne Thermal$47.71 $51.01 $(3.30)(6)%
Seaborne Metallurgical138.83 151.13 (12.30)(8)%
Powder River Basin 12.74 12.26 0.48 %
Other U.S. Thermal45.25 40.65 4.60 11 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin per Ton (1)(2)
Seaborne Thermal$23.53 $45.81 $(22.28)(49)%
Seaborne Metallurgical33.77 69.47 (35.70)(51)%
Powder River Basin 0.88 1.63 (0.75)(46)%
Other U.S. Thermal14.50 14.08 0.42 %
(1)This is an operating/statistical measure not recognized in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below for definitions and reconciliations to the most comparable measures under U.S. GAAP.
(2)Includes revenue-based production taxes and royalties; excludes depreciation, depletion and amortization; asset retirement obligation expenses; selling and administrative expenses; restructuring charges; asset impairment; amortization of take-or-pay contract-based intangibles; and certain other costs related to post-mining activities.

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Revenue
The following table presents revenue by reporting segment:
Three Months Ended March 31,Decrease to Revenue