Company Quick10K Filing
Cardinal Ethanol
Price-0.00 EPS-452
Shares0 P/E0
MCap-0 P/FCF-0
Net Debt-15 EBIT-6
TEV-15 TEV/EBIT2
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
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8-K 2020-08-11 Regulation FD, Exhibits
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8-K 2018-01-29

CARD 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 a311certification6-30x2020.htm
EX-31.2 a312certification6-30x2020.htm
EX-32.1 a321certification6-30x2020.htm
EX-32.2 a322certification6-30x2020.htm

Cardinal Ethanol Earnings 2020-06-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
175140105703502012201420172020
Assets, Equity
11087644118-32012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
402510-5-20-352012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 a10-qfqe6x30x2020.htm 10-Q FQE 6-30-2020 Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
x
Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020.
 
 
 
OR
 
 
o
Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
 
 
For the transition period from               to               .
 
 
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 000-53036
 
CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Indiana
 
20-2327916
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
1554 N. County Road 600 E., Union City, IN 47390
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(765) 964-3137
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to 12(b) of the Act: None.
 
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
 
 
 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: Membership Units.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

x Yes     o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

x Yes     o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:
Large Accelerated Filer o
Accelerated Filer  o
Non-Accelerated Filer x
Smaller Reporting Company o
 
Emerging Growth Company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
o Yes     x No

As of August 10, 2020, there were 14,606 membership units outstanding.

1


INDEX



2


PART I.        FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Condensed Balance Sheets
 ASSETS
June 30, 2020
 
September 30, 2019

 (Unaudited)
 

Current Assets

 

Cash
$
7,859,170

 
$
15,670,696

Restricted cash
5,098,704

 
6,363,424

Trade accounts receivable
13,353,786

 
12,824,985

Miscellaneous receivables
466,737

 
1,380,649

Inventories
19,294,326

 
13,439,808

Prepaid and other current assets
526,182

 
130,464

Futures & options derivatives
383,928

 
221,947

Forward purchase/sales derivatives
48,151

 
90,815

Total current assets
47,030,984

 
50,122,788


 
 

Property, Plant, and Equipment, net
79,949,246

 
86,169,079


 
 

Other Assets
 
 

Operating lease right of use asset, net
5,484,792

 

Investment
1,259,770

 
1,259,770

Total other assets
6,744,562

 
1,259,770


 
 

Total Assets
$
133,724,792

 
$
137,551,637

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND MEMBERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable
4,387,952

 
2,712,760

Accounts payable-grain
6,508,633

 
10,624,278

Accrued expenses
2,119,289

 
1,249,467

Futures & options derivatives
2,062,679

 
1,045,113

Forward purchase/sales derivatives
152,772

 
171,770

Operating lease current liabilities
2,561,326

 

Due to broker

 
1,589,324

Current maturities of long-term debt
1,708,665

 
1,428,571

Total current liabilities
19,501,316

 
18,821,283

 
 
 
 
Long-Term Liabilities
 
 
 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities
4,360,434

 
5,297,151

Operating lease long-term liabilities
2,923,505

 

Liability for railcar rehabilitation costs
1,378,080

 
1,154,520

Total long-term liabilities
8,662,019

 
6,451,671

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies

 

 
 
 
 
Members’ Equity
 
 
 
Members' contributions, net of cost of raising capital, 14,606 units authorized, issued and outstanding
70,912,213

 
70,912,213

Retained earnings
34,649,244

 
41,366,470

Total members' equity
105,561,457

 
112,278,683

 
 
 
 
Total Liabilities and Members’ Equity
$
133,724,792

 
$
137,551,637


Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.


3


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
 

 

 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
51,252,061

 
$
63,665,456

 
$
182,267,602

 
$
178,171,882



 

 
 
 
 
Cost of Goods Sold
49,594,125

 
62,587,418

 
181,843,166

 
175,990,029


 
 

 
 
 
 
Gross Profit
1,657,936

 
1,078,038

 
424,436

 
2,181,853


 
 

 


 
 
Operating Expenses
1,590,121

 
1,591,335

 
5,211,222

 
5,268,004


 
 

 
 
 
 
Operating Income (Loss)
67,815

 
(513,297
)
 
(4,786,786
)
 
(3,086,151
)

 
 

 
 
 
 
Other Income (Expense)
 
 

 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(36,797
)
 
(82,838
)
 
(170,789
)
 
(290,602
)
Miscellaneous income
4,078

 
590,408

 
431,249

 
639,528

Total
(32,719
)
 
507,570

 
260,460

 
348,926


 
 

 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss)
$
35,096

 
$
(5,727
)
 
$
(4,526,326
)
 
$
(2,737,225
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weight Average Units Outstanding - basic and diluted
14,606

 
14,606

 
14,606

 
14,606


 
 

 
 
 
 
Net Income (Loss) Per Unit - basic and diluted
$
2

 
$

 
$
(310
)
 
$
(187
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distributions Per Unit
$

 
$
100

 
$
150

 
$
100

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.





4


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Nine Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended

June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
 

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(4,526,326
)
 
$
(2,737,225
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operations:

 

Depreciation
8,405,952

 
8,433,872

Change in fair value of commodity derivative instruments
879,251

 
(336,116
)
Loss on sale of equipment

 
1,218

Loss on abandonment of equipment - Ethanol Division

 
1,197,917

Investment redemption

 
35,422

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 

Trade accounts receivables
(528,801
)
 
(6,929,553
)
Miscellaneous receivables
913,912

 
(1,835,858
)
Inventories
(5,854,518
)
 
(10,755,249
)
Prepaid and other current assets
(395,679
)
 
(74,551
)
Contract liabilities

 
506,463

Accounts payable
1,649,227

 
63,971

Accounts payable-grain
(4,115,645
)
 
(3,201,124
)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
869,822

 
(308,579
)
Accrued rail car rehabilitation costs
223,560

 
1,080,000

Due to broker
(1,589,324
)
 

Net cash used in operating activities
(4,068,569
)
 
(14,859,392
)

 
 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities
 
 

Capital expenditures
(14,372
)
 
(2,524,286
)
Payments for construction in progress
(2,145,782
)
 

Proceeds from sale of equipment

 
3,800

   Net cash used for investing activities
(2,160,154
)
 
(2,520,486
)
 
 
 
 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
 
 

Checks written in excess of bank balances

 
5,039,874.3

Distributions paid
(2,190,900
)
 
(1,460,600
)
Proceeds from revolving credit loan

 
4,161,917

Payments against revolving credit loan

 
(1,993,757
)
Proceeds from long-term debt
856,665

 

Payments on long-term debt
(1,513,288
)
 
(1,513,287
)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
(2,847,523
)
 
4,234,147


 
 

Net Decrease in Cash and Restricted Cash
(9,076,246
)
 
(13,145,731
)


 

Cash and Restricted Cash – Beginning of Period
22,034,120

 
19,237,992



 

Cash and Restricted Cash – End of Period
$
12,957,874

 
$
6,092,261

Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.


5


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

Nine Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended

June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
Reconciliation of Cash and Restricted Cash
 
 
 
Cash - Balance Sheet
$
7,859,170

 
$
2,307,205

Restricted Cash - Balance Sheet
5,098,704

 
3,785,056

Cash and Restricted Cash
12,957,874

 
6,092,261

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
 

Interest paid
$
221,507

 
$
330,790


 
 

Supplemental Disclosure of Non-cash Investing and Financing Activities
 
 

     Construction in process included in accrued expenses and accounts payable
$
35,996

 
$
154,145


Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.



6



CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Condensed Statements of Changes in Members' Equity (Unaudited)
 
Member
Contributions
 
Retained
Earnings
Balance September 30, 2018
$
70,912,213

 
$
49,425,983

 
 
 
 
Net Loss

 
(2,670,040
)
 
 
 
 
Balance December 31, 2018
70,912,213

 
46,755,943

 
 
 
 
Net Loss

 
(61,461
)
 
 
 
 
Balance March 31, 2019
$
70,912,213

 
$
46,694,482

 


 


Net Loss

 
(5,727
)
Member Distribution

 
(1,460,600
)
 
 
 
 
Balance June 30, 2019
70,912,213

 
45,228,155

 
 
 
 
 
Member
Contributions
 
Retained
Earnings
Balance September 30, 2019
$
70,912,213

 
$
41,366,470

 
 
 
 
Net Income

 
1,638,760

 
 
 
 
Balance December 31, 2019
70,912,213

 
43,005,230

 
 
 
 
Member Distributions

 
(2,190,900
)
Net Loss

 
(6,200,182
)
 
 
 
 
Balance March 31, 2020
$
70,912,213

 
$
34,614,148

 
 
 
 
Net Income

 
35,096

 
 
 
 
Balance June 30, 2020
$
70,912,213

 
$
34,649,244


Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements are an integral part of this Statement.


7


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted as permitted by such rules and regulations. These financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's audited financial statements for the year ended September 30, 2019, contained in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K.

In the opinion of management, the interim condensed financial statements reflect all adjustments considered necessary for fair presentation.

Nature of Business

Cardinal Ethanol, LLC, (the “Company”) is an Indiana limited liability company currently producing fuel-grade ethanol, distillers grains, corn oil and carbon dioxide near Union City, Indiana and sells these products throughout the continental United States. During the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company produced approximately 96,403,000 and 94,904,000 gallons of ethanol, respectively.

During 2017, the Company completed a construction project to add grain receiving and train loading facilities and additional rail spurs, track and grain storage to allow the Company to procure, transport and sell grain commodities through our grain operations (the "Trading Division").

Reportable Segments

Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 280, “Segment Reporting,” establishes the standards for reporting information about segments in financial statements. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available that are evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.   Based on the related business nature and expected financial results criteria set forth in ASC 280, the Company has two reportable operating segments for financial reporting purposes.

Ethanol Production Division. Based on the nature of the products and production process and the expected financial results, the Company’s operations at its ethanol plant, including the production and sale of ethanol and its co-products, are aggregated into one financial reporting segment.

Trading Division. During 2017, the Company constructed a grain loading facility within our single site to buy, hold and sell inventories of agricultural grains, primarily soybeans. We perform no additional processing of these grains, unlike the corn inventory we hold and use in ethanol production. The activities of buying, selling and holding of grains other than for ethanol and co-product production comprise this financial reporting segment.

Accounting Estimates

Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing these financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. The Ethanol Division uses estimates and assumptions in accounting for the following significant matters, among others; the useful lives of fixed assets, inventory, patronage dividends, the assumptions used in the analysis of the impairment of long lived assets, railcar rehabilitation costs, and inventory purchase commitments. The Trading Division uses estimates and assumptions in accounting for the following significant matters, among others; the useful lives of fixed assets, the valuation of inventory purchase and sale commitments derivatives and inventory at market. Actual results may differ from previously estimated amounts, and such differences may be material to the financial statements. The Company periodically reviews estimates and assumptions, and the effects of revisions are reflected in the period in which the revision is made. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.


8


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Restricted Cash

As a part of its commodities hedging activities, the Company is required to maintain cash balances with our commodities trading companies for initial and maintenance margins on a per futures contract basis. Changes in the market value of contracts may increase these requirements. As the futures contracts expire, the margin requirements also expire. Accordingly, we record the cash maintained with the traders in the margin accounts as restricted cash. Since this cash is immediately available to us upon request when there is a margin excess, we consider this restricted cash to be a current asset.

Trade Accounts Receivable

Credit terms are extended to customers in the normal course of business. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers' financial condition and, generally, requires no collateral. Accounts receivable are recorded at their estimated net realizable value. Accounts are considered past due if payment is not made on a timely basis in accordance with the Company's credit terms. Amounts considered uncollectible are written off. The Company's estimate of the allowance for doubtful accounts is based on historical experience, its evaluation of the current status of receivables, and unusual circumstances, if any. At June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the Company determined that an allowance for doubtful accounts was not necessary.

Inventories

Ethanol production division inventories consist of raw materials, work in process, finished goods and spare parts. Corn is the primary raw material. Finished goods consist of ethanol, dried distiller grains and corn oil. Inventories are stated at the lower of weighted average cost or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the normal course of business, less reasonably predictable selling costs.

Trading division inventories consist of grain. Soybeans were the only grains held and traded at June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019. These inventories are stated at market value less estimated selling costs, which may include reductions for quality.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant, and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is provided over estimated useful lives by use of the straight line depreciation method. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred; major improvements and betterments are capitalized. Construction in progress expenditures will be depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives once the assets are placed into service.

The Company has various capital projects scheduled for the 2020 fiscal year in order to make certain improvements to our ethanol plant. These improvements include adding corn oil loadout upgrades, an additional ethanol loadout skid and other smaller miscellaneous projects.

In addition, we added an additional flat storage building to replace our distillers grains silo that was damaged in a DDGS silo explosion in November 2018. The flat storage cost totaled approximately $1,700,000 which was funded with insurance proceeds along with funds from operations and our existing debt facilities. The flat storage was put into service in June 2020.

Long-Lived Assets

The Company reviews its long-lived assets, such as property, plant and equipment and financing costs, subject to depreciation and amortization, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If circumstances require a long-lived asset be tested for possible impairment, the Company first compares undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by an asset to the carrying value of the asset. If the carrying value of the long-lived asset is not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, impairment is recognized to the extent that the carrying value exceeds its fair value. Fair value is determined through various valuation techniques including discounted cash flow models, quoted market values and third-party independent appraisals, as considered necessary. No impairment was recorded for the three and nine months periods ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

9


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Investment

Investments consist of the capital stock and patron equities of the Company's distillers grains marketer. The investments are stated at the lower of cost or fair value and adjusted for non cash patronage equities and cash equity redemptions received. Non cash patronage dividends are recognized when received and included within revenue in the condensed statements of operations.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services. Our contracts primarily consist of agreements with marketing companies and other customers as described below. Our performance obligations consist of the delivery of ethanol, distillers' grains, corn oil, soybeans and carbon dioxide to our customers. The consideration we receive for these products is fixed based on current observable market prices at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, generally, and adjusted for local market differentials. Our contracts have specific delivery modes, rail or truck, and dates. Revenue is recognized when the Company delivers the products to the mode of transportation specified in the contract, at the transaction price established in the contract, net of commissions, fees, and freight. We sell each of the products via different marketing channels as described below.

Ethanol. The Company sells its ethanol via a marketing agreement with Murex, LLC. Murex sells one hundred percent of the Company's ethanol production based on agreements with end users at prices agreed upon mutually among the end user, Murex and the Company. Murex then provides a schedule of deliveries required and an order for each rail car or tankers needed to fulfill their commitment with the end user. These are individual performance obligations of the Company. The marketing agreement calls for control and title to pass when the delivery vehicle is filled. Revenue is recognized then at the price in the agreement with the end user, net of commissions, freight, and insurance.

Distillers grains. The Company engages another third-party marketing company, CHS, Inc, to sell one hundred percent of the distillers grains it produces at the plant. The process for selling the distillers grains is like that of ethanol, except that CHS takes title and control once a rail car is released to the railroad or a truck is released from the Company's scales. Prices are agreed upon among the three parties and CHS provides schedules and orders representing performance obligations. Revenue is recognized net of commissions, freight and fees.

Distillers corn oil (corn oil). The Company sells its production of corn oil directly to commercial customers. The customer is provided with a delivery schedule and pick up orders representing performance obligations are fulfilled when the customer’s driver picks up the scheduled load. The price is agreed upon at the time each contract is made, and the Company recognizes revenue at the time of delivery at that price.

Carbon dioxide. The Company sells a portion of the carbon dioxide it produces to a customer that maintains a plant on-site for a set price per ton. Delivery is defined as transference of the gas from our stream to their plant.

Soybeans and other grains. The Company sells soybeans exclusively to commercial mills, processors or grain traders. Contracts are negotiated directly with the parties at prices based on negotiated prices.

Other. The Company engaged in ethanol sales for sanitizer use during the quarter ended June 30, 2020 as result of a direct domestic need from COVID-19. The Company has since discontinued ethanol for sanitizer sales.

Derivative Instruments

From time to time the Company enters into derivative transactions to hedge its exposures to commodity price fluctuations. The Company is required to record these derivatives in the balance sheet at fair value.

In order for a derivative to qualify as a hedge, specific criteria must be met and appropriate documentation maintained. Gains and losses from derivatives that do not qualify as hedges, or are undesignated, must be recognized immediately in earnings. If the derivative does qualify as a hedge, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in the fair value of the derivative will be either offset against the change in fair value of the hedged assets, liabilities, or firm commitments through earnings or recognized in other comprehensive income until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. Changes in the fair value of undesignated derivatives are recorded in the statement of operations, depending on the item being hedged.

10


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Additionally, the Company is required to evaluate its contracts to determine whether the contracts are derivatives. Certain contracts that literally meet the definition of a derivative may be exempted as “normal purchases or normal sales”. Normal purchases and normal sales are contracts that provide for the purchase or sale of something other than a financial instrument or derivative instrument that will be delivered in quantities expected to be used or sold over a reasonable period in the normal course of business. Contracts that meet the requirements of normal purchases or sales are documented as normal and exempted from accounting and reporting requirements, and therefore, are not marked to market in our financial statements.

The Company has elected for its Ethanol Division to apply the normal purchase normal sale exemption to all forward commodity contracts. For the Trading Division, the Company has elected not to apply the normal purchase normal sale exemption to its forward purchase and sales contracts and therefore marks these derivative instruments to market.

Net Income (Loss) per Unit

Basic net income (loss) per unit is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of members' units outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per unit is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of members' units and members' unit equivalents outstanding during the period. There were no member unit equivalents outstanding during the periods presented; accordingly, the Company's basic and diluted net income (loss) per unit are the same.

Recently Issued or Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting for Leases (Adopted)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements – In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued new guidance on accounting for leases under Accounting Standards Codification 842 (“ASC 842”). Under the new guidance, lessees are required to recognize the following for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) at the commencement date: (1) a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted cash flow basis; and (2) a “right of use” asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use the specified asset for the lease term. Lease expense under the new guidance is substantially the same as prior to the adoption. See Note 8 for further information.
 
2.  REVENUE

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized at a single point in time when the Company satisfies its performance obligation under the terms of a contract with a customer. Generally, this occurs with the transfer of control of products or services. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration expected, as specified in the contract with a customer, to be received in exchange for transferring goods or providing services.

Revenue by Source

All revenues from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606 are recognized at a point in time. The following tables disaggregate revenue by major source for the three months and nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

11


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
Ethanol Division
 
Trading Division
 
Total
Revenues from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
$
31,322,704

 
$

 
$
31,322,704

Distillers' grains
9,770,811

 

 
9,770,811

Corn Oil
2,225,717

 

 
2,225,717

Carbon Dioxide
123,375

 

 
123,375

Other
1,795,251

 
22,625

 
1,817,876

Total revenues from contracts with customers
45,237,858

 
22,625

 
45,260,483

 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives under ASC Topic 815 (1)
 
 
 
 
 
Soybeans and other grains

 
5,991,578

 
5,991,578

Total revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives

 
5,991,578


5,991,578

Total Revenues
$
45,237,858

 
$
6,014,203

 
$
51,252,061


Nine Months Ended June 30, 2020
 
Ethanol Division
 
Trading Division
 
Total
Revenues from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
$
116,998,260

 
$

 
$
116,998,260

Distillers' grains
31,952,429

 

 
31,952,429

Corn Oil
7,233,285

 

 
7,233,285

Carbon Dioxide
370,125

 

 
370,125

Other
2,038,327

 
76,075

 
2,114,402

Total revenues from contracts with customers
158,592,426

 
76,075

 
158,668,501

 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives under ASC Topic 815 (1)
 
 
 
 
 
Soybeans and other grains

 
23,599,101

 
23,599,101

Total revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives

 
23,599,101

 
23,599,101

Total Revenues
$
158,592,426

 
$
23,675,176

 
$
182,267,602













12


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Ethanol Division
 
Trading Division
 
Total
Revenues from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
$
42,284,298

 
$

 
$
42,284,298

Distillers' grains
9,939,220

 

 
9,939,220

Corn Oil
1,885,100

 

 
1,885,100

Carbon Dioxide
123,375

 

 
123,375

Other
9,344

 
15,350

 
24,694

Total revenues from contracts with customers
54,241,337

 
15,350

 
54,256,687

 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives under ASC Topic 815 (1)
 
 
 
 
 
Soybeans and other grains

 
9,408,769

 
9,408,769

Total revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives

 
9,408,769

 
9,408,769

Total Revenues
$
54,241,337

 
$
9,424,119

 
$
63,665,456


Nine Months Ended June 30, 2019
 
Ethanol Division
 
Trading Division
 
Total
Revenues from contracts with customers under ASC Topic 606
 
 
 
 
 
Ethanol
$
120,110,027

 
$

 
$
120,110,027

Distillers' grains
31,483,092

 

 
31,483,092

Corn Oil
5,524,019

 

 
5,524,019

Carbon Dioxide
386,270

 

 
386,270

Other
38,548

 
24,250

 
62,798

Total revenues from contracts with customers
157,541,956

 
24,250

 
157,566,206

 
 
 
 
 

Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives under ASC Topic 815 (1)
 
 
 
 
 
Soybeans and other grains

 
20,605,676

 
20,605,676

Total revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives

 
20,605,676

 
20,605,676

Total Revenues
$
157,541,956

 
$
20,629,926

 
$
178,171,882



(1) Revenues from contracts accounted for as derivatives represent physically settled derivative sales that are outside the scope of ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC Topic 606), where the company recognizes revenue when control of the inventory is transferred within the meaning of ASC Topic 606 as required by ASC Topic 610-20, Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets.

Payment Terms

The Company has contractual payment terms with each respective marketer that sells ethanol and distillers grains. These terms are generally 10 - 20 days after the week of the transfer of control.

The Company has standard payment terms of net 10 days for its invoices for corn oil.


13


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

The Company has standard payments terms due upon delivery for its invoices of soybeans.

The contractual terms with the carbon dioxide customer calls for an annual settlement.

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs related to contracts with customers for sale of goods are accounted for as a fulfillment activity and are included in cost of goods sold. Accordingly, amounts billed to customers for such costs are included as a component of revenue.

3. CONCENTRATIONS

Two major customers accounted for approximately 93% and 92% of the outstanding accounts receivable balance at June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. These same two customers accounted for approximately 80% of revenue for the three and nine month period ended June 30, 2020 and 82% of revenue for the three and nine months ended June 30, 2019.

4.  INVENTORIES

Inventories consist of the following as of:
 
June 30, 2020 (Unaudited)
 
September 30, 2019
Ethanol Division:
 
 
 
 Raw materials
$
7,938,452

 
$
5,457,534

 Work in progress
1,287,574

 
1,639,946

 Finished goods
2,106,919

 
1,657,065

 Spare parts
3,593,024

 
3,259,165

Ethanol Division Subtotal
$
14,925,969

 
$
12,013,710

Trading Division:
 
 
 
Grain inventory
$
4,368,357

 
$
1,426,098

Trading Division Subtotal
$
4,368,357

 
$
1,426,098

Total Inventories
$
19,294,326

 
$
13,439,808


The Company had a net realizable value write-down of Ethanol Division inventory of approximately $72,000 and $102,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2020, and 2019, respectively and $1,697,000 and $886,000 for the nine months ended June 30, 2020, and 2019, respectively.

In the ordinary course of business, the Company enters into forward purchase contracts for its commodity purchases and sales. Certain contracts that literally meet the definition of a derivative may be exempted from derivative accounting as normal purchases or normal sales. At June 30, 2020, the Company had forward corn purchase contracts at various fixed prices for various delivery periods through December 2021 for approximately 8.8% of expected production needs for the next 21 months. Approximately 6.2% of the forward corn purchases were with related parties. Also, at June 30, 2020, the Company had forward natural gas contracts for approximately 75.6% of expected purchases for the next 19 months at various prices for various delivery periods through October 2021. Given the uncertainty of future commodity prices, the Company could incur a loss on the outstanding purchase contracts in future periods. Management has evaluated these forward contracts using a methodology similar to that used in the lower of cost or net realizable value evaluation with respect to inventory valuation, and has determined that an impairment loss existed of approximately $913,000 at June 30, 2020 and none at September 30, 2019. The impairment is recorded as a component of cost of goods sold. The Company has elected not to apply the normal purchase and sale exemption to its forward soybean contracts and therefore treats them as derivative instruments.


14


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

At June 30, 2020, the Ethanol Division had forward dried distiller grains sales contracts for approximately 36.1% of expected production for the next month at various fixed prices for delivery periods through September 2020. At June 30, 2020, the Company had forward corn oil contracts for approximately 83.7% of expected production for the next 3 months at various fixed prices for delivery through August 2020. Additionally, at June 30, 2020, the Trading Division had forward soybean purchase contracts for approximately 57.0% of expected origination for various delivery periods through August 2020. Approximately 10.3% of the forward soybean purchases were with related parties.

5. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

The Company enters into corn, ethanol, natural gas and soybean derivative instruments which are required to be recorded as either assets or liabilities at fair value in the balance sheet. Derivatives qualify for treatment as hedges when there is a high correlation between the change in fair value of the derivative instrument and the related change in value of the underlying hedged item. The Company must designate the hedging instruments based upon the exposure being hedged as a fair value hedge, a cash flow hedge or a hedge against foreign currency exposure. The Company formally documents, designates, and assesses the effectiveness of transactions that receive hedge accounting initially and on an on-going basis.

Commodity Contracts

The Company enters into commodity-based derivatives, for corn, ethanol, natural gas and soybeans in order to protect cash flows from fluctuations caused by volatility in commodity prices. This is also done to protect gross profit margins from potentially adverse effects of market and price volatility on commodity based purchase commitments where the prices are set at a future date. These derivatives are not designated as effective hedges for accounting purposes. For derivative instruments that are not accounted for as hedges, or for the ineffective portions of qualifying hedges, the change in fair value is recorded through earnings in the period of change. The changes in the fair market value of ethanol derivative instruments are included as a component of revenue.  The changes in the fair market value of corn, natural gas, and soybean derivative instruments are included as a component of cost of goods sold.

At June 30, 2020, the Ethanol Division had a net short (selling) position of 3,087,905 bushels of corn under derivative contracts used to hedge its forward corn contracts and corn inventory. These corn derivatives are traded on the Chicago Board of Trade as of June 30, 2020 and are forecasted to settle for various delivery periods through December 2021. The Ethanol Division had a net short (selling) position of 23,520,000 gallons of ethanol under derivative contracts used to hedge its future ethanol sales. These ethanol derivatives are traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange and are forecasted to settle for various delivery periods through December 2020. At June 30, 2020, the Trading Division also had a net short (selling) position of 100,000 bushels of soybeans under derivative contracts used to hedge its forward soybean contract purchases. These soybean derivatives are traded on the Chicago Board of Trade and are, as of June 30, 2020, forecasted to settle for various delivery periods through November 2020. These derivatives have not been designated as effective hedges for accounting purposes.

The following table provides balance sheet details regarding the Company's derivative financial instruments at June 30, 2020:

Instrument
Balance Sheet Location
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
Ethanol Futures and Options Contracts
Futures & Options Derivatives
 
$

 
$
2,023,854

Corn Futures and Options Contracts
Futures & Options Derivatives
 
383,928

 

Soybean Futures and Options Contracts
Futures & Options Derivatives
 

 
38,825

Soybean Forward Purchase and Sales Contracts
Forward Purchase/Sales Derivatives
 
48,151

 
152,772

Totals
 
 
$
432,079

 
$
2,215,451


As of June 30, 2020, the Company had approximately $5,100,000 cash collateral (restricted cash) related to ethanol, corn, and soybean derivatives held by four brokers.

The following table provides balance sheet details regarding the Company's derivative financial instruments at September 30, 2019:

15


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Instrument
Balance Sheet Location
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
Ethanol Futures and Options Contracts
Futures & Options Derivatives
 
$

 
$
81,900

Corn Futures and Options Contracts
Futures & Options Derivatives
 

 
963,213

Soybean Futures and Options Contracts
Futures & Options Derivatives
 
221,947

 

Soybean Forward Purchase and Sales Contracts
Forward Purchase/Sales Derivatives
 
90,815

 
171,770

Totals
 
 
$
312,762

 
$
1,216,883


As of September 30, 2019, the Company had approximately $6,363,000 of cash collateral (restricted cash) and due to broker of approximately $1,589,000 related to ethanol, corn and soybean derivatives held by two brokers.

The following table provides details regarding the gains and (losses) from the Company's derivative instruments in the statements of operations, none of which are designated as hedging instruments:
Instrument
Statement of Operations Location
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2019
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Nine Months Ended June 30, 2020
Corn Futures and Options Contracts
Cost of Goods Sold
$
342,057

$
13,444

$
901,144

$
3,299,787

Ethanol Futures and Options Contracts
Revenues
288,574

474,015

(1,189,256
)
(3,753,455
)
Natural Gas Futures and Options Contracts
Cost of Goods Sold
(14,373
)
23,354



Soybean Futures and Options Contracts
Cost of Goods Sold
(24,080
)
263,812

159,073

810,450

Soybean Forward Purchase Contracts
Cost of Goods Sold
1,275,534

2,777,541

190,883

54,719

Totals
 
$
1,867,712

$
3,552,166

$
61,844

$
411,501


6. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
The following table provides information on those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2020:
Instruments
Carrying Amount
Fair Value
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Corn Futures and Options Contracts
$
383,928

$
383,928

$
372,156

$
11,772

$

Ethanol Futures and Options Contracts
$
(2,023,854
)
$
(2,023,854
)
$
(2,023,854
)
$

$

Soybean Futures and Options Contracts
$
(38,825
)
$
(38,825
)
$
(38,825
)
$

$

Soybean Forward Purchase Contracts, net
$
(104,621
)
$
(104,621
)
$

$
(104,621
)
$

Soybean Inventory
$
4,368,357

$
4,368,357

$

$
4,368,357

$


16


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

The following table provides information on those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2019:

Instruments

Carrying Amount
Fair Value
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Corn Futures and Options Contracts
$
(963,213
)
$
(963,213
)
$
2,685,231

$
(3,648,444
)
$

Ethanol Futures and Options Contracts
$
(81,900
)
$
(81,900
)
$
(81,900
)
$

$

Soybean Futures and Options Contracts
$
221,947

$
221,947

$
234,875

$
(12,928
)
$

Soybean Forward Purchase Contracts, net
$
(80,955
)
$
(80,955
)
$

$
(80,955
)
$

Soybean Inventory
$
1,426,098

$
1,426,098

$

$
1,426,098

$


We determine the fair value of commodity futures derivative instruments utilizing Level 1 inputs by obtaining fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quotes and live trading levels from the Chicago Board of Trade market and New York Mercantile Exchange. Corn and soybean futures and options and soybean forward purchase contracts are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs from current contract prices that are being issued by the Company. Estimated fair values for inventories carried at market are based on exchange-quoted prices, adjusted for differences in local markets and quality.

7.  BANK FINANCING

The Company has a loan agreement consisting of three loans, the Declining Revolving Loan (Declining Loan), the Revolving Credit Loan and the Grain Loadout Facility Loan (formerly the Construction Loan) in exchange for liens on all property (real and personal, tangible and intangible) which include, among other things, a mortgage on the property, a security interest on commodity trading accounts and assignment of material contracts. The loan agreement assigns an interest rate of LIBOR plus 290 basis points (2.9%) to each of the individual loans. The Revolving Credit Loan is assigned the one month LIBOR rate which changes on the first day of every month. The Declining Loan and the Grain Loadout Facility Loan each have interest charged based on the ninety day (three month) LIBOR rate. The interest rate is assigned at the beginning of the ninety day period and not all of the loans have the same interest rate beginning and ending dates. The Company amended the loan agreement effective as of February 28, 2020, to extend the termination date of the Revolving Credit Loan from February 28, 2020 to February 28, 2021. In addition, the Company amended the loan agreement in order to provide for a process for the parties to agree upon a new interest rate index and margin to be applied to that index in the event that the lender determines that the LIBOR Rate is unavailable or unreliable. Finally, the Company amended the loan agreement to provides for a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.15:1.0 measured quarterly on a rolling four quarter average basis if our working capital is less than $23,000,000 for any reporting period and a debt service charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.25:1.0 measured quarterly on a rolling four quarter average basis, in lieu of the fixed charge coverage ratio, if working capital is equal to or more that $23,000,000.
Declining Note

The maximum availability of the Declining Loan is $5,000,000 with such amount to be available for working capital purposes. The interest rate on the Declining Loan at June 30, 2020 was 3.20% and at September 30, 2019 was 5.00%. There were no borrowings outstanding on the Declining Loan at June 30, 2020 or at September 30, 2019.

Revolving Credit Loan

The Revolving Credit Loan has a limit of $15,000,000 supported by a borrowing base made up of the Company's corn, ethanol, dried distillers grain, corn oil and soybean inventories reduced by accounts payable associated with those inventories having a priority. It is also supported by the eligible accounts receivable and commodity trading account excess margin funds. The interest rate at June 30, 2020 was 3.08% and at September 30, 2019 was 5.01%. There were no borrowings outstanding June 30, 2020 or at September 30, 2019. The Revolving Credit Loan is due to mature on February 28, 2021.


17


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Grain Loadout Facility Loan

The Grain Loadout Facility Loan (formerly Construction Loan) had a limit of $10,000,000. The interest rate at June 30, 2020 was 3.25% and at September 30, 2019 was 5.04%. There were borrowings in the amount of approximately $5,212,000 and $6,726,000 outstanding on the Grain Loadout Facility Loan at June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. The principal balance on the Construction Loan of $10,000,000 was converted to term debt effective December 31, 2017. The Grain Loadout Facility Loan requires monthly installment payments of principal of approximately $119,000 plus interest accrued in arrears from the date of the last payment, such payments commenced on February 1, 2018, with a final maturity date of February 28, 2023.

These loans are subject to protective covenants, which require the Company to maintain various financial ratios. The covenants include a working capital requirement of $15,000,000, and a capital expenditures covenant that allows the Company $5,000,000 of expenditures per year without prior approval. There is also a requirement to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of no less than 1.15:1.0 measured quarterly on a rolling four quarter basis.

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

On April 20, 2020, the Company received a loan in the approximate amount of $856,000 through the Paycheck Protection Program. Management expects that the entire loan will be used for payroll, utilities and interest on our one mortgage loan; therefore, anticipates that the loan will be substantially forgiven.  To the extent it is not forgiven, the Company would be required to repay that portion at an interest rate of interest of 1% over eighteen months beginning six months after the loan is executed.

Long-term debt, as discussed above, consists of the following at June 30, 2020:
Grain Loadout facility loan
$
5,212,434

Paycheck Protection Program loan
856,665

      Total long-term debt
$
6,069,099

Less amounts due within one year
$
1,708,665

       Net long-term debt
$
4,360,434


The estimated maturities of long-term debt at June 30, 2020 are as follows:
July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021
$
1,708,665

July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2022
2,001,015

July 1, 2022 to June 30, 2023
2,359,419

Total long-term debt
$
6,069,099


8. LEASES

Adoption of ASC 842

As discussed in Note 1, on October 1, 2019, the Company adopted the provisions of ASC 842 using the modified retrospective approach, which applies the provisions of ASC 842 upon adoption, with no change to prior periods. This adoption resulted in the Company recognizing initial right of use assets and lease liabilities of approximately $7.2 million. The adoption did not have a significant impact on the Company’s statement of operations.
 
Upon the initial adoption of ASC 842, the Company elected the following practical expedients allowable under the guidance: not to reassess whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases; not to reassess the lease classification for any expired or existing leases; not to reassess initial direct costs for any existing leases. Additionally, the Company elected the short-term lease exemption policy, applying the requirements of ASC 842 to only long-term (greater than 1 year) leases.
 
The Company leases rail cars for its facility to transport ethanol and dried distillers grains to its end customers. Operating lease right of use assets and liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses its estimated incremental borrowing rate, unless an implicit rate is readily determinable, as the discount

18


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

rate for each lease in determining the present value of lease payments. For the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020, the Company’s weighted average discount rate was 5.05%. Operating lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
 
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease or contains a lease at inception. The Company’s leases have remaining lease terms of approximately 1 year to 2.5 years, which may include options to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain the Company will exercise those options. For the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020, the weighted average remaining lease term was 2.2 years. The Company does not have lease arrangements with residual value guarantees, sale leaseback terms or material restrictive covenants. The Company does not have any material finance lease obligations nor sublease agreements.

The following table summarizes the remaining maturities of the Company’s operating lease liabilities as of June 30, 2020:
For the Fiscal Year Ending September 30,
 
2020
$
693,420

2021
$
2,773,680

2022
$
2,016,222

2023
$
312,480

Totals
5,795,802

Amount representing interest
310,971

Lease liabilities
$
5,484,831


For the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded operating lease costs of approximately $425,000 against ethanol revenue and $229,000 in cost of goods sold in the Company’s statement of operations. For the nine months ended June 30, 2020, the Company recorded operating lease costs of approximately $1,592,000 against ethanol revenue and $688,000 in cost of goods sold in the Company's statement of operations.

9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Legal Proceedings

In February 2010, a lawsuit against the Company was filed by an unrelated party claiming the Company's operation of the oil separation system in a patent infringement. In connection with the lawsuit, in February 2010, the agreement for the construction and installation of the tricanter oil separation system was amended. In this amendment the manufacturer and installer of the tricanter oil separation system indemnifies the Company against all claims of infringement of patents, copyrights or other intellectual property rights from the Company's purchase and use of the tricanter oil system and agrees to defend the Company in the lawsuit filed at no expense to the Company. On October 23, 2014, the court granted summary judgment finding that all of the patents claimed were invalid and that the Company had not infringed. In addition, on September 15, 2016, the United States District Court granted summary judgment finding that the patents were invalid due to inequitable conduct before the US Patent and Trademark Office by the inventors and their attorneys. The Company has since settled with the attorneys for the inventors. On March 2, 2020, the rulings were affirmed on appeal. GS CleanTech's petition for a rehearing of the appeal has been denied. GS CleanTech can petition the U.S. Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari to review the decision. The manufacturer has, and the Company expects it will continue, to vigorously defend itself and the Company in these lawsuits and in any appeal filed.

If the ruling was to be successfully appealed, the Company estimates that damages sought in this litigation if awarded would be
based on a reasonable royalty to, or lost profits of, the plaintiff. If the court deems the case exceptional, attorney's fees may be awarded and are likely to be $1,000,000 or more. The manufacturer has also agreed to indemnify the Company for these fees. However, in the event that damages are awarded and if the manufacturer is unable to fully indemnify the Company for any reason, the Company could be liable. In addition, the Company may need to cease use of its current oil separation process and seek out a replacement or cease oil production altogether.


19


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

Rail Car Rehabilitation Costs

The Company leases 180 hopper rail cars under a multi-year agreement. Under the agreement, we may be charged amounts to rehabilitate each car for "damage" that is considered to be other than normal wear and tear upon turn in of the car(s). Prior to the quarter ending September 30, 2019, the Company believed ongoing repairs results in an insignificant future rehabilitation expense.

During the quarter ending September 30, 2019, based on new information from the lessor, we re-evaluated our assumptions and believe that we may be assessed for damages incurred. Company management has estimated total costs to rehabilitate the cars at June 30, 2020, to be approximately $1,378,080. During the three and nine months ended June 30, 2020, the Company has recorded a corresponding expense in cost of goods sold of approximately $75,000 and 224,000, respectively.

10. UNCERTAINTIES IMPACTING THE ETHANOL INDUSTRY AND OUR FUTURE OPERATIONS

The Company has certain risks and uncertainties that it experiences during volatile market conditions, which can have a severe impact on operations. The Company's revenues are primarily derived from the sale and distribution of ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil to customers primarily located in the U.S. Corn for the production process is supplied to the plant primarily from local agricultural producers and from purchases on the open market. Ethanol sales average approximately 64% of total revenues and corn costs average 71% of total cost of goods sold.

The Company's operating and financial performance is largely driven by prices at which the Company sells ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil, and the related cost of corn. The price of ethanol is influenced by factors such as supply and demand, weather, government policies and programs, and the unleaded gasoline and the petroleum markets, although, since 2005, the prices of ethanol and gasoline began a divergence with ethanol selling for less than gasoline at the wholesale level. Excess ethanol supply in the market, in particular, puts downward pressure on the price of ethanol. The Company's largest cost of production is corn. The cost of corn is generally impacted by factors such as supply and demand, weather, government policies and programs. The Company's risk management program is used to protect against the price volatility of these commodities.

The Company, and the ethanol industry as a whole, experienced adverse conditions throughout most of 2018 and 2019, and thus far into 2020, as a result of industry-wide record low ethanol prices due to reduced demand and high industry inventory levels. These factors, which are compounded by the recent impact of the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”), resulted and continue to result in negative operating margins, lower cash flow from operations and net operating losses, which included write downs of inventory and impairment of corn forward purchase contracts of approximately $2.8 million for the nine months ended June 30, 2020. In response to the low margin environment, the Company reduced its ethanol production rate by approximately 20%. As margins improved in May of 2020, the Company began increasing its ethanol production rate to approximately 135 million gallons annually. The Company continues to monitor COVID-19 developments in order to determine whether future adjustments to production are warranted. The Company believes its cash on hand and available debt from its lender will provide sufficient liquidity to meets its anticipated working capital, debt service and other liquidity needs through the next twelve months. If market conditions worsen affecting our ability to profitably operate the plant or if we are unable to transport ethanol, we may be forced to further reduce our ethanol production rate or even temporarily shut down ethanol production altogether.

11. BUSINESS SEGMENTS

Based on the growth of the Company's Trading Division during the first quarter of fiscal 2019 and operations in fiscal 2019, the Company has determined it now has two reportable operating segments. Segment reporting is intended to give financial statement users a better view of how the Company manages and evaluates its businesses. The accounting policies for each segment are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. Segment income or loss does not include any allocation of shared-service costs.  Segment assets are those that are directly used in or identified with segment operations. Inter-segment balances and transactions have been eliminated.
 
The following tables summarize financial information by segment and provide a reconciliation of segment revenue, gross profit, grain inventories, operating income, and total assets:

20


CARDINAL ETHANOL, LLC
Notes to Condensed Unaudited Financial Statements
June 30, 2020

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
Revenue:
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Ethanol Division
$
45,237,858

 
$
54,241,337

 
$
158,592,426

 
$
157,541,956

Trading Division
$
6,014,203

 
$
9,424,119

 
$
23,675,176

 
$
20,629,926

Total Revenue
$
51,252,061

 
$
63,665,456

 
$
182,267,602

 
$
178,171,882

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
Gross Profit:
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Ethanol Division
$
1,141,810

 
$
311,720

 
$
(1,055,956
)
 
$
1,497,603

Trading Division
$
516,126

 
$
766,318

 
$
1,480,392

 
$
684,250

Total Gross Profit
$
1,657,936

 
$
1,078,038

 
$
424,436

 
$
2,181,853

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
 
June 30, 2020
 
June 30, 2019
Operating Income (Loss):
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Ethanol Division
$
(131,068
)
 
$
(962,372
)
 
$
(5,315,449
)
 
$
(2,818,672
)
Trading Division
$
198,883

 
$
449,075

 
$
528,663

 
$
(267,479
)
Total Operating Income (Loss)
$
67,815

 
$
(513,297
)
 
$
(4,786,786
)
 
$
(3,086,151
)


 
June 30, 2020
 
September 30, 2019
Grain Inventories:
(unaudited)
 

Ethanol Division
$
7,938,452

 
$
5,457,534

Trading Division
$
4,368,357

 
$
1,426,098

Total Grain Inventories
$
12,306,809

 
$
6,883,632

 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2020
 
September 30, 2019
Total Assets:
(unaudited)
 

Ethanol Division
$
117,467,781

 
$
124,310,575

Trading Division
$
16,257,011

 
$
13,241,062

Total Assets
$
133,724,792

 
$
137,551,637


21


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

We prepared the following discussion and analysis to help you better understand our financial condition, changes in our financial condition, and results of operations for the three and nine month periods ended June 30, 2020, compared to the same periods of the prior fiscal year. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the condensed financial statements and notes and the information contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2019.

Forward Looking Statements

This report contains forward-looking statements that involve future events, our future performance and our expected future operations and actions.  In some cases you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of words such as "may," "will," "should," "anticipate," "believe," "expect," "plan," "future," "intend," "could," "estimate," "predict," "hope," "potential," "continue," or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions.  These forward-looking statements are only our predictions and involve numerous assumptions, risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to those listed below and those business risks and factors described elsewhere in this report and our other Securities and Exchange Commission filings. 

Reduction, delay, or elimination of the Renewable Fuel Standard;
Changes in the availability and price of corn, natural gas and other grains;
Our inability to secure credit or obtain additional equity financing we may require in the future to continue our operations;
Decreases in the price we receive for our ethanol, distiller grains,corn oil and other grains;
Our ability to satisfy the financial covenants contained in our credit agreements with our senior lender;
Our ability to profitably operate the ethanol plant and maintain a positive spread between the selling price of our products and our raw material costs;
Negative impacts that our hedging activities may have on our operations;
Ethanol and distiller grains supply exceeding demand and corresponding price reductions;
Our ability to generate free cash flow to invest in our business and service our debt;
Changes in the environmental regulations that apply to our plant operations;
Changes in our business strategy, capital improvements or development plans;
Changes in plant production capacity or technical difficulties in operating the plant;
Changes in general economic conditions or the occurrence of certain events causing an economic impact in the agriculture, oil or automobile industries;
Lack of transport, storage and blending infrastructure preventing our products from reaching high demand markets;
Changes in federal and/or state laws;
Changes and advances in ethanol production technology;
Competition from alternative fuel additives;
Changes in interest rates or the lack of credit availability;
Changes in legislation benefiting renewable fuels;
Our ability to retain key employees and maintain labor relations;
Volatile commodity and financial markets;
Limitations and restrictions contained in the instruments and agreements governing our indebtedness;
Decreases in export demand due to the imposition of tariffs by foreign governments on ethanol and distillers grains produced in the United States;
Use by the EPA of small refinery exemptions; and
A slowdown in global and regional economic activity, demand for our products and the potential for labor shortages and shipping disruptions resulting from COVID-19.

The cautionary statements referred to in this section also should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that may be issued by us or persons acting on our behalf. We undertake no duty to update these forward-looking statements even though our situation may change in the future.  We cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements.  We caution you not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.  You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report and have filed as exhibits, completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we currently expect.  We qualify all of our forward-looking statements with these cautionary statements.

Overview

Cardinal Ethanol, LLC is an Indiana limited liability company operating an ethanol plant in east central Indiana near Union City, Indiana. We began producing ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil at the plant in November 2008. In addition, we

22


procure, transport and sell grain commodities through our grain trading business which began operations at the end of our fourth fiscal quarter of 2017.

The ethanol industry experienced industry-wide record low ethanol prices throughout most of 2018 and 2019 due to reduced demand and high industry inventory levels. This has continued into 2020 and the situation has been compounded by the recent impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to these unfavorable operating conditions and a slowdown in global and regional economic activity resulting from COVID-19, we reduced our ethanol production rate by approximately 20%. However, beginning in May of 2020, we returned to full production and have been operating at an ethanol production rate of approximately 135 million gallons annually which is approximately 35% above the nameplate capacity for the plant. 

On April 20, 2020, we received a loan in the approximate amount of $856,000 through the Paycheck Protection Program which offers loans to small businesses impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. These loans are forgiven to the extent proceeds are spent on certain qualifying costs and other conditions are met. Management anticipates that the loan will be substantially forgiven. To the extent it is not forgiven, we would be required to repay that portion at an interest rate of interest of 1% over eighteen months beginning six months after the loan is executed.

We expect to fund our operations during the next 12 months using cash flow from our continuing operations and our current credit facilities as amended. If market conditions worsen affecting our ability to profitably operate the plant of if we are unable to transport ethanol, we may be forced to further reduce our ethanol production rate or even temporarily shut down ethanol production altogether.

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019

The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, cost of goods sold, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our statement of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
2020
 
2019
Statement of Operations Data
Amount
 
%
 
Amount
 
%
Revenue
$
51,252,061

 
100.0

 
$
63,665,456

 
100.0

Cost of Goods Sold
49,594,125

 
96.8

 
62,587,418

 
98.3

Gross Profit
1,657,936

 
3.2

 
1,078,038

 
1.7

Operating Expenses
1,590,121

 
3.1

 
1,591,335

 
2.5

Operating Income (Loss)
67,815

 
0.1

 
(513,297
)
 
(0.8
)
Other Income (Expense), Net
(32,719
)
 
(0.1
)
 
507,570

 
0.8

Net Income (Loss)
$
35,096

 

 
$
(5,727
)
 


Revenue

Operating Segments

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available that are evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Based on the nature of the products, services and operations and the expected financial results, we review our operations within the two separate operating segments-the Ethanol Division and the Trading Division. Our revenues from operations from our Ethanol Division come from three primary sources: sales of fuel ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. Revenues from operations of our Trading Division are derived from procuring, transporting and selling grain commodities.

We currently do not have or anticipate we will have any other lines of business or other significant sources of revenue other than the sale of ethanol, distillers’ grains, corn oil and and the trading of agricultural grains.  Refer to Note 11, “Business Segments”, of the notes to the condensed unaudited financial statements for financial information about our financial reporting segments. Revenues in each division also include net gains or losses from derivatives related to products sold.

The following table shows the sources of our total revenue from the two segments and the approximate percentage of revenues to total revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

23


 
2020
 
2019
Revenue:
Amount
% of Total Revenues
 
Amount
% of Total Revenues
Ethanol Division
$
45,237,858

88.3
%
 
54,241,337

85.2
%
Trading Division
6,014,203

11.7

 
9,424,119

14.8

Total Revenue
$
51,252,061

100.0
%
 
$
63,665,456

100.0
%

Ethanol Division

The following table shows the sources of our revenues from our Ethanol Division for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue Source
Amount
% of Revenues
 
Amount
% of Revenues
Ethanol Sales
$
31,322,704

69.2
%
 
$
42,284,298

78.0
%
Distillers Grains Sales
9,770,811

21.6

 
9,939,220

18.3

Corn Oil Sales
2,225,717

4.9

 
1,885,100

3.5

Carbon Dioxide Sales
123,375

0.3

 
123,375

0.2

Other Revenue
1,795,251

4.0

 
9,344


Total Revenues
$
45,237,858

100.0
%
 
$
54,241,337

100.0
%

Ethanol
    
Our revenues from ethanol decreased in the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared the to the same period in 2019. This decrease in revenues is primarily the result of a decrease in the average price per gallon of ethanol sold and a decrease in gallons of ethanol sold for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019.

The average price per gallon of ethanol sold for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was approximately 24.16% lower than the average price per gallon of ethanol sold for the same period in 2019. Ethanol market prices have been negatively affected due to an extended period of industry-wide production in excess of demand due to a variety of factors including the granting by the EPA of small refinery waivers and trade barriers resulting from disputes with foreign governments. This was exacerbated by a collapse in both domestic and foreign demand as a result of restrictions put in place in response to the COVID-19 pandemic which caused ethanol stocks in the United States to become significantly high and prices to decrease dramatically. As a result of poor economic conditions, many ethanol plants curtailed or stopped ethanol production. The decrease in industry-wide production coupled with a gradual increase in domestic demand due to the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions in many areas in the United States began to have a positive effect on ethanol prices towards the end of the period.

Management anticipates that ethanol prices will be negatively effected as ethanol plants return to higher production levels due to improving operating conditions. Ethanol prices may also decrease if certain areas of the United States reinstate restrictions in response to the COVID-19 pandemic resulting in a decrease in fuel demand. If crude oil and gasoline prices remain low, that could have a significant negative impact on the market price of ethanol and our profitability particularly if domestic ethanol production exceeds demand. Continued declines in ethanol exports due to trade disputes with foreign governments would also likely contribute to lower ethanol prices and potentially negative operating margins. Finally, the granting of additional EPA waivers to refiners could have a negative effect on ethanol prices.

We experienced a decrease in ethanol gallons sold of approximately 4.53% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 resulting primarily from decreased ethanol production rates for the period. In March of 2020, we reduced our ethanol production rate by approximately 20% due to unfavorable operating conditions in the ethanol industry and the COVID-19 pandemic.  However, beginning in May of 2020, we began operating at an ethanol production rate of approximately 135 million gallons annually which is approximately 35% above the nameplate capacity for the plant.  Management continues to monitor economic conditions carefully. If market conditions worsen affecting our ability to profitably operate the plant, we may be forced to reduce our ethanol production rate or even temporarily shut down ethanol production altogether.
        

24


Distillers Grains

Our revenues from distillers grains decreased in the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019. This decrease in revenues is primarily the result of a decrease in the tons of distillers grains sold for the period ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019.

The average price per ton of distillers grains sold for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was approximately 11.83% higher than the average price per ton of distillers grains sold for the same period in 2019. This increase in the market price of distillers grains is primarily due to a decrease in distillers grains supply due to some ethanol plants reducing or shutting down ethanol production in response to poor economic conditions.

Management anticipates that distillers grains prices will be negatively affected by an increase in distillers grains supply as operating conditions improve and ethanol plants increase production levels. In addition, trade barriers with countries such as China, Mexico and the European Union have had a negative effect on export demand. If these trade disputes are not favorably resolved, this could have a negative effect on distillers grains prices unless additional demand can be sustained from domestic or other foreign markets. Domestic demand for distillers grains could also decrease if end-users switch to grazing due to seasonal changes.

    We sold approximately 10.44% less tons of distillers grains in the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 resulting primarily from lower ethanol production levels for the period which resulted in decreased distillers grains production. We are currently operating at an ethanol production rate of approximately 135 million gallons annually which is approximately 35% above the nameplate capacity for the plant.  However, if we are forced to again reduce ethanol production that would result in a corresponding decrease in distillers grains production.

Corn Oil

Our revenues from corn oil sales increased in the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 which was mainly the result of increased volume of sales. We sold approximately 16.25% more tons of corn oil in the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 due to higher corn oil yield on average resulting in higher corn oil production. The average price per pound of corn oil was approximately 3.85% higher for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019. A decrease in corn oil supply due to some ethanol plants reducing or shutting down ethanol production in response to poor economic conditions had a positive effect on corn oil prices for the period.
    
Management anticipates that corn oil prices will be negatively affected by an increase in corn oil supply as operating conditions improve and ethanol plants increase production levels. In addition, international trade disputes have created additional uncertainty which could have a negative affect on corn oil prices. However, the extension of the biodiesel tax credit by Congress could have a positive impact on corn oil prices.

We are currently operating at an ethanol production rate of approximately 135 million gallons annually which is approximately 35% above the nameplate capacity for the plant.  However, if we are forced to again reduce ethanol production that would result in a corresponding decrease in corn oil production.

Trading Division

The following table shows the sources of our revenues from our Trading Division for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue Source
Amount
% of Revenues
 
Amount
% of Revenues
Soybean Sales
$
5,991,578

99.6
%
 
$
9,408,769

99.8
%
Other Revenue
22,625

0.4

 
$
15,350

0.2

Total Revenues
$
6,014,203

100.0
%
 
$
9,424,119

100.0
%

Soybeans

During the three months ended June 30, 2020 revenues from our Trading Division were derived primarily from transporting and selling soybeans. Our revenues from soybeans sales decreased in the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared the to the same period in 2019. This decrease in revenues is the result of a decrease in bushels of soybeans sold of approximately 37.87%

25


for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 resulting primarily from less conducive market conditions for selling for the three months ending June 30, 2020.
  
We also experienced an increase in the average price per bushel of soybeans sold for the three months ended June 30, 2020 that was approximately 3.53% higher than our average price per bushel of soybeans sold for the same period in 2019 due to higher futures prices. The average price per bushel of soybeans sold was $8.83 based on sales of approximately 679,000 bushels for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Cost of Goods Sold

Ethanol Division

Our cost of goods sold for this division as a percentage of its total revenues was approximately 96.8% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to approximately 98.3% for the same period in 2019. This decrease in cost of goods sold as a percentage of revenues was the result of a slight improvement in profit margins in the marketplace for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019. Our two largest costs of production are corn and natural gas. Cost of goods sold also includes net gains or losses from derivatives related to our commodities purchases as well as our additional expense for our estimate of our rail car rehabilitation expense described below.

Corn

Our largest cost associated with the production of ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil is corn cost. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, we used approximately 5.68% less bushels of corn to produce our ethanol, distillers grain and corn oil as compared to the same period in 2019 due to lower ethanol production levels for the period. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, our average price paid per bushel of corn was approximately 6.05% lower as compared to the same period in 2019 due primarily to concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
 
Weather, world supply and demand, current and anticipated stocks, agricultural policy and other factors can contribute to volatility in corn prices. If corn prices rise, it will have a negative effect on our operating margins unless the price of ethanol and distillers grains out paces rising corn prices. Volatility in the price of corn could significantly impact our cost of goods sold.
    
Natural Gas

Our natural gas cost after hedging was lower during the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019. This decrease in cost of natural gas for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 was primarily the result of decreased ethanol production resulting in the use of approximately 3.21% less natural gas for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019. Our average price per MMBTU of natural gas was also 3.11% lower during the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to the same period in 2019 primarily due to plentiful supply and low demand. In addition, natural gas prices were lower as a result of decreases in the price of crude oil.

Natural gas prices will be dependent upon summer temperatures as hot weather increases natural gas demand. If the nation were to experience a catastrophic weather event causing problems related to the supply of natural gas, this could result in higher natural gas prices. In addition, an increase in crude oil prices could cause natural gas prices to rebound.

Trading Division

The following table shows the costs incurred to procure various agricultural commodities for our Trading Division for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
2020
 
2019
 
Amount
% of Revenues
 
Amount
% of Revenues
Soybeans
$
5,498,077

100.0
%
 
$
8,657,801

100.0
%
Total Cost of Goods Sold
$
5,498,077

100.0
%
 
$
8,657,801

100.0
%
    
Soybeans

During the three months ended June 30, 2020, our cost was primarily the procurement of soybeans sold. During the three months ended June 30, 2020, our average price paid per bushel of soybeans was approximately 5.60% higher as compared to the

26


same period in 2019 due to concerns over a smaller crop and carryout for 2019. We also purchased 59.07% less bushels of soybeans in the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to 2019. This is due primarily to end-users and exporters bidding up prices during the period resulting in most of the carry being taken out of the market, coupled with the narrowing of spreads removing forward carrying incentive for the three months ending June 30, 2020.

Derivatives

We enter into hedging instruments to minimize price fluctuations in the prices of our finished products and inputs. As the current market price of our hedge positions changes, the realized or unrealized gains and losses are immediately recognized in our revenues and our cost of goods sold. These commodity-based derivatives are not designated as effective hedges for accounting purposes. Please refer to Item 3 - Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk-Commodity Price Risk for information on our derivatives.

Operating Expense
    
Our operating expenses as a percentage of revenues were approximately 3.1% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 as compared to operating expenses of approximately 2.5% of revenues for the same period in 2019. Operating expenses include salaries and benefits of administrative employees, insurance, taxes, professional fees, depreciation of trading division fixed assets, property taxes and other general administrative costs. Operating expenses stayed stable for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Our efforts to optimize efficiencies and maximize production may result in a decrease in our operating expenses on a per gallon basis. However, because these expenses generally do not vary with the level of production at the plant, we expect our operating expenses to remain consistent throughout our 2020 fiscal year.

Operating Income (Loss)

Our operating income for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was approximately 0.1% of revenues as compared to operating loss of approximately (0.8)% of revenues for the same period in 2019. The increase in operating income for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily the result of increased ethanol to corn margins during the last part of the period, partially offset by the economic slowdown accompanying the COVID-19 pandemic.

Other Income (Expense)

We had other expense of approximately (0.1)% of revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to other income of approximately 0.8% of revenues for the same period in 2019. This decrease in other income for three months ended June 30, 2020, was primarily a result of the receipt of insurance proceeds recognized in the period ended June 30, 2019.

Results of Operations for the Nine Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019

The following table shows the results of our operations and the percentage of revenues, cost of goods sold, operating expenses and other items to total revenues in our statement of operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:

 
2020
 
2019
Statement of Operations Data
Amount
 
%
 
Amount
 
%
Revenue
$
182,267,602

 
100.0

 
$
178,171,882

 
100.0

Cost of Goods Sold
181,843,166

 
99.8

 
$
175,990,029

 
98.8

Gross Profit
424,436

 
0.2

 
$
2,181,853

 
1.2

Operating Expenses
5,211,222

 
2.9

 
$
5,268,004

 
3.0

Operating Loss
(4,786,786
)
 
(2.6
)
 
$
(3,086,151
)
 
(1.7
)
Other Income, Net
260,460

 
0.1

 
$
348,926

 
0.2

Net Loss
$
(4,526,326
)
 
(2.5
)
 
$
(2,737,225
)
 
(1.5
)


27


Revenue

Operating Segments

Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available that are evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. Based on the nature of the products, services and operations and the expected financial results, we review our operations within the two separate operating segments-the Ethanol Division and the Trading Division. Our revenues from operations from our Ethanol Division come from three primary sources: sales of fuel ethanol, distillers grains and corn oil. Revenues from operations of our Trading Division are derived from procuring, transporting and selling grain commodities.

We currently do not have or anticipate we will have any other lines of business or other significant sources of revenue other than the sale of ethanol, distillers’ grains, corn oil and and the trading of agricultural grains.  Refer to Note 11, “Business Segments”, of the notes to the condensed unaudited financial statements for financial information about our financial reporting segments. Revenues in each division also include net gains or losses from derivatives related to products sold.

The following table shows the sources of our total revenue from the two segments and the approximate percentage of revenues to total revenues in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue:
Amount
% of Total Revenues
 
Amount
% of Total Revenues
Ethanol production
$
158,592,426

87.0
%
 
$
157,541,956

88.4
%
Grain trading
$
23,675,176

13.0

 
$
20,629,926

11.6

Total Revenue
$
182,267,602

100.0
%
 
$
178,171,882

100.0
%

Ethanol Division

The following table shows the sources of our revenues from our Ethanol Division for the nine months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019:
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue Source
Amount
% of Revenues
 
Amount
% of Revenues
Ethanol Sales
$
116,998,260

73.8
%
 
$
120,110,027

76.2
%
Distillers Grains Sales
$
31,952,429

20.1

 
31,483,092

20.0

Corn Oil Sales
$
7,233,285

4.6

 
5,524,019

3.5

Carbon Dioxide Sales
$
370,125

0.2

 
386,270

0.2

Other Revenue
$