Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Cogent Communications Holdings
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$58.02 46 $2,690
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-18 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-01 Officers, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-14 Officers
8-K 2018-09-10 Amend Bylaw, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-20 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-14 Regulation FD
8-K 2018-08-14 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-02 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-02-22 Earnings, Exhibits
TBIO Translate Bio 420
FSFG First Savings Financial Group 131
XOMA Xoma 129
ESP Espey Mfg & Electronics 60
ECT ECA Marcellus Trust I 33
ELTK Eltek 6
CETX Cemtrex 4
ZNGY Zenergy Brands 0
ODZA Odenza 0
ITC ITC Holdings 0
CCOI 2019-03-31
Part I Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31.1 a19-7697_1ex31d1.htm
EX-31.2 a19-7697_1ex31d2.htm
EX-32.1 a19-7697_1ex32d1.htm
EX-32.2 a19-7697_1ex32d2.htm

Cogent Communications Holdings Earnings 2019-03-31

CCOI 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 a19-7697_110q.htm 10-Q

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

x      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2019

 

OR

 

o         TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File No. 000-51829

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

Delaware

 

46-5706863

(State of Incorporation)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

 

 

Identification Number)

 

2450 N Street N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20037

(Address of Principal Executive Offices and Zip Code)

 

(202) 295-4200

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading Symbol

 

Name of Each Exchange on which Registered

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per
share

 

CCOI

 

NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x   No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes  x   No  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x

 

Accelerated filer   o

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer   o

 

Smaller reporting company   o

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company   o

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  o   No  x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common Stock, $.001 par value 46,360,934 Shares Outstanding as of April 30, 2019

 

 

 


Table of Contents

 

INDEX

 

PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets of Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc., and Subsidiaries as of March 31, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income of Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc., and Subsidiaries for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018 (Unaudited)

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc., and Subsidiaries for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018 (Unaudited)

5

 

Notes to Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

6

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

13

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

19

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

19

 

 

 

PART II
OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

19

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

19

Item 6.

Exhibits

20

SIGNATURES

21

CERTIFICATIONS

 

 

2


Table of Contents

 

PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.                                                FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

AS OF MARCH 31, 2019 AND DECEMBER 31, 2018

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

 

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

259,138

 

$

276,093

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,353 and $1,263, respectively

 

39,258

 

41,709

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

35,454

 

32,535

 

Total current assets

 

333,850

 

350,337

 

Property and equipment, net

 

375,346

 

375,325

 

Right-of-use leased assets

 

73,305

 

 

Deferred tax assets

 

159

 

2,733

 

Deposits and other assets

 

14,343

 

11,455

 

Total assets

 

$

797,003

 

$

739,850

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

9,619

 

$

8,519

 

Accrued and other current liabilities

 

45,564

 

51,431

 

Installment payment agreement, current portion, net of discount of $436 and $395, respectively

 

8,686

 

8,283

 

Current maturities, operating lease liabilities

 

10,389

 

 

Current maturities, finance lease obligations

 

7,293

 

7,074

 

Total current liabilities

 

81,551

 

75,307

 

Senior secured 2022 notes, net of unamortized debt costs of $2,500 and $2,695, respectively and including premium of $1,302 and $1,405, respectively

 

443,802

 

443,710

 

Senior unsecured 2021 notes, net of unamortized debt costs of $1,325 and $1,476, respectively

 

187,900

 

187,749

 

Operating lease liabilities, net of current maturities

 

84,645

 

 

Finance lease obligations, net of current maturities

 

157,541

 

156,706

 

Other long term liabilities

 

5,795

 

25,380

 

Total liabilities

 

961,234

 

888,852

 

Commitments and contingencies:

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 75,000,000 shares authorized; 46,350,434 and 46,336,499 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

46

 

46

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

475,275

 

471,331

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income — foreign currency translation

 

(12,753

)

(10,928

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(626,799

)

(609,451

)

Total stockholders’ deficit

 

(164,231

)

(149,002

)

Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit

 

$

797,003

 

$

739,850

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

3


Table of Contents

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2019 AND MARCH 31, 2018

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE AND PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended
March 31, 2019

 

Three Months
Ended
March 31, 2018

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

(Unaudited)

 

Service revenue

 

$

134,137

 

$

128,706

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Network operations (including $180 and $189 of equity-based compensation expense, respectively, exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)

 

54,150

 

54,875

 

Selling, general, and administrative (including $3,254 and $3,595 of equity-based compensation expense, respectively)

 

35,860

 

33,523

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

20,263

 

19,788

 

Total operating expenses

 

110,273

 

108,186

 

Gains on equipment transactions

 

536

 

117

 

Operating income

 

24,400

 

20,637

 

Interest income and other, net

 

1,827

 

1,694

 

Interest expense

 

(13,456

)

(12,408

)

Income before income taxes

 

12,771

 

9,923

 

Income tax provision

 

(3,554

)

(3,139

)

Net income

 

$

9,217

 

$

6,784

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

9,217

 

$

6,784

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

(1,825

)

2,611

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

7,392

 

$

9,395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net income per common share

 

$

0.20

 

$

0.15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

$

0.58

 

$

0.50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares - basic

 

45,223,157

 

44,923,973

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares - diluted

 

45,644,236

 

45,294,697

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2019 AND MARCH 31, 2018

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

 

 

Three months
Ended
March 31, 2019

 

Three months
Ended
March 31, 2018

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

(Unaudited)

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

9,217

 

$

6,784

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

20,263

 

19,788

 

Amortization of debt discount and premium

 

414

 

370

 

Equity-based compensation expense (net of amounts capitalized)

 

3,434

 

3,784

 

Gains — equipment transactions and other, net

 

(231

)

(484

)

Deferred income taxes

 

2,572

 

2,623

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

2,264

 

1,355

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(3,187

)

(1,213

)

Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other long-term liabilities

 

(2,778

)

(2,005

)

Deposits and other assets

 

(3,331

)

(823

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

28,637

 

30,179

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(13,288

)

(14,905

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(13,288

)

(14,905

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Dividends paid

 

(26,565

)

(22,819

)

Proceeds from exercises of stock options

 

173

 

297

 

Principal payments on installment payment agreement

 

(2,387

)

(1,965

)

Principal payments of finance lease obligations

 

(3,030

)

(2,304

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(31,809

)

(26,791

)

Effect of exchange rates changes on cash

 

(495

)_

532

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(16,955

)

(10,985

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

276,093

 

247,011

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

259,138

 

$

236,026

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash component of network equipment obtained in exchange transactions

 

$

536

 

$

117

 

PP&E obtained for installment payment agreement

 

$

3,434

 

$

2,566

 

Finance lease obligations incurred

 

$

3,630

 

$

3,616

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

 

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC., AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO INTERIM CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1.              Description of the business:

 

Reorganization and merger

 

On May 15, 2014, pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Reorganization (the “Merger Agreement”) by and among Cogent Communications Group, Inc. (“Group”), a Delaware corporation, Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Holdings”) and Cogent Communications Merger Sub, Inc., a Delaware corporation, Group adopted a new holding company organizational structure whereby Group is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Holdings.  Holdings is a “successor issuer” to Group pursuant to Rule 12g-3(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

 

References to the “Company” for events that occurred prior to May 15, 2014 refer to Cogent Communications Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries and on and after May 15, 2014 the “Company” refers to Cogent Communications Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

Description of business

 

The Company is a Delaware corporation and is headquartered in Washington, DC. The Company is a facilities-based provider of low-cost, high-speed Internet access services, private network services and data center colocation space. The Company’s network is specifically designed and optimized to transmit packet routed data. The Company delivers its services primarily to small and medium-sized businesses, communications service providers and other bandwidth-intensive organizations in North America, Europe, and Asia and recently in Australia and Brazil.

 

The Company offers on-net Internet access and private network services exclusively through its own facilities, which run from its network to its customers’ premises. The Company is not dependent on local telephone companies or cable TV companies to serve its customers for its on-net Internet access and private network services because of its integrated network architecture. The Company offers its on-net services to customers located in buildings that are physically connected to its network. The Company’s on-net service consists of high-speed Internet access and private network services offered at speeds ranging from 100 Megabits per second to 100 Gigabits per second of bandwidth. The Company provides its on-net Internet access services and private network services to its corporate and net-centric customers. The Company’s corporate customers are located in multi-tenant office buildings and typically include law firms, financial services firms, advertising and marketing firms and other professional services businesses. The Company’s net-centric customers include bandwidth-intensive users such as other Internet access providers, telephone companies, cable television companies, web hosting companies, content delivery network companies and commercial content and application service providers. These net-centric customers obtain the Company’s services in carrier neutral data centers and in the Company’s data centers. The Company operates data centers throughout North America and Europe that allow its customers to collocate their equipment and access the Company’s network.

 

In addition to providing its on-net services, the Company provides Internet connectivity and private network services to customers that are not located in buildings directly connected to its network. The Company provides this off-net service primarily to corporate customers using other carriers’ circuits to provide the “last mile” portion of the link from the customers’ premises to the Company’s network. The Company also provides certain non-core services that resulted from acquisitions. The Company continues to support but does not actively sell these non-core services.

 

Basis of presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. In the opinion of management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments that the Company considers necessary for the fair presentation of its results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods covered, and of the financial position of the Company at the date of the interim condensed consolidated balance sheet. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the entire year. While the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to not make the information misleading, these interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included in its annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all wholly-owned subsidiaries. All inter-company accounts and activity have been eliminated.

 

6


Table of Contents

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

Financial instruments

 

At March 31, 2019, the carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid and other current assets, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximated fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments. The Company measures its cash equivalents at amortized cost, which approximates fair value based upon quoted market prices (Level 1). Based upon recent trading prices (Level 2 — market approach) at March 31, 2019 the fair value of the Company’s $189.2 million senior unsecured notes was $191.6 million and the fair value of the Company’s $445.0 million senior secured notes was $457.2 million.

 

Gross receipts taxes, universal service fund and other surcharges

 

Revenue recognition standards include guidance relating to taxes or surcharges assessed by a governmental authority that are directly imposed on a revenue-producing transaction between a seller and a customer and may include, but are not limited to, gross receipts taxes, excise taxes, Universal Service Fund fees and certain state regulatory fees. Such charges may be presented gross or net based upon the Company’s accounting policy election. The Company records certain excise taxes and surcharges on a gross basis and includes them in its revenues and costs of network operations. Excise taxes and surcharges billed to customers and recorded on a gross basis (as service revenue and network operations expense) were $3.4 million and $3.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively.

 

Basic and diluted net income per common share

 

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) excludes dilution for common stock equivalents and is computed by dividing net income or (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during each period, adjusted for the effect of dilutive common stock equivalents.  Shares of restricted stock are included in the computation of basic EPS as they vest and are included in diluted EPS, to the extent they are dilutive, determined using the treasury stock method.

 

7


Table of Contents

 

The following details the determination of diluted weighted average shares:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2019

 

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2018

 

Weighted average common shares - basic

 

45,223,157

 

44,923,973

 

Dilutive effect of stock options

 

26,049

 

28,125

 

Dilutive effect of restricted stock

 

395,030

 

342,599

 

Weighted average common shares - diluted

 

45,644,236

 

45,294,697

 

 

The following details unvested shares of restricted common stock as well as the anti-dilutive effects of stock options and restricted stock awards outstanding:

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

March 31, 2018

 

Unvested shares of restricted common stock

 

1,125,298

 

1,354,126

 

Anti-dilutive options for common stock

 

69,208

 

77,284

 

Anti-dilutive shares of restricted common stock

 

 

78,087

 

 

Stockholder’s Deficit

 

The following details the changes in stockholder’s deficit for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018 (in thousands except share amounts):

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

 

Accumulated

 

Total
Stockholder’s

 

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Income (Loss)

 

Deficit

 

Equity (Deficit)

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

46,336,499

 

$

46

 

$

471,331

 

$

(10,928

)

$

(609,451

)

$

(149,002

)

Forfeitures of shares granted to employees

 

(2,184

)

 

 

 

 

 

Equity-based compensation

 

 

 

3,771

 

 

 

3,771

 

Foreign currency translation

 

 

 

 

(1,825

)

 

(1,825

)

Issuances of common stock

 

10,500

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercises of options

 

5,619

 

 

173

 

 

 

173

 

Dividends paid

 

 

 

 

 

(26,565

)

(26,565

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

9,217

 

9,217

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

46,350,434

 

$

46

 

$

475,275

 

$

(12,753

)

$

(626,799

)

$

(164,231

)

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

Additional
Paid-in

 

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive

 

Accumulated

 

Total
Stockholder’s

 

 

 

Shares

 

Amount

 

Capital

 

Income (Loss)

 

Deficit

 

Equity (Deficit)

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

 

45,960,799

 

$

46

 

$

456,696

 

$

(4,600

)

$

(554,686

)

$

(102,544

)

Cumulative effect adjustment from adoption of ASC 606

 

 

 

 

 

14,455

 

14,455

 

Forfeitures of shares granted to employees

 

(6,779

)

 

 

 

 

 

Equity-based compensation

 

 

 

4,161

 

 

 

4,161

 

Foreign currency translation

 

 

 

 

2,611

 

 

2,611

 

Issuances of common stock

 

318,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercises of options

 

11,120

 

 

297

 

 

 

297

 

Dividends paid

 

 

 

 

 

(22,819

)

(22,819

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

6,784

 

6,784

 

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

46,283,140

 

$

46

 

$

461,154

 

$

(1,989

)

$

(556,266

)

$

(97,055

)

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue under ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”), which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers.  Under ASC 606 installation fees for contracts with terms longer than month-to-month are recognized over the contract term.  The Company believes that the installation fee does not give rise to a material right as defined by ASC 606 for contracts with terms longer than month-to-month. The Company recognizes revenue over the estimated average customer life for installation fees associated with month-to-month contracts, because the fee represents a material right as defined by ASC 606.  The Company capitalizes certain contract acquisition costs that relate directly to a customer contract, including commissions paid to its sales team and sales agents and amortizes these costs on straight-line basis over the period the services are transferred to the customer for commissions paid to its sales team (estimated customer life) and over the remaining original contract term for agent commissions. Management assesses these costs for impairment at least quarterly and as “triggering” events occur that indicate it is more likely than not that an impairment exists.

 

The Company’s service offerings consist of on-net and off-net telecommunications services. Fixed fees are billed monthly in advance and usage fees are billed monthly in arrears. Amounts billed are due upon receipt and contract lengths range from month to month to 60 months. The Company satisfies its performance obligations to provide services to customers over time as the services are rendered.  In accordance with

 

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ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains the promised service. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these services. The Company has adopted the practical expedient related to certain performance obligation disclosures since it has a right to consideration from its customer in an amount that corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the Company’s performance completed to date.

 

To achieve this core principle, the Company follows the following five steps:

 

1)                                     Identification of the contract, or contracts with a customer

2)                                     Identification of the performance obligations in the contract

3)                                     Determination of the transaction price

4)                                     Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract

5)                                     Recognition of revenue when, or as, we satisfy a performance obligation

 

Fees billed in connection with customer installations are deferred (as deferred revenue) and recognized as noted above.  To the extent a customer contract is terminated prior to its contractual end the customer is subject to termination fees. The Company vigorously seeks payment of these amounts. The Company recognizes revenue for these amounts as they are collected.

 

Service revenue recognized from amounts in deferred revenue (contract liabilities) at the beginning of the period during the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $1.7 million and during the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $2.0 million. Amortization expense for contract costs was $4.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and $4.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements— Adopted

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 replaced most existing lease accounting guidance. In July 2018 the FASB approved an Accounting Standards Update which, among other changes, allowed a company to elect to adopt ASU 2016-02 using the modified retrospective method applying the transition provisions at the beginning of the period of adoption, rather than at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in these financial statements. ASU 2016-02 was effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2019 and required the Company to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for most of its facilities leases. Leases that were previously treated as operating leases. The effect of ASU 2016-02 was to record a cumulative-effect adjustment on January 1, 2019 as a right-of-use asset and an operating lease liability totaling $97.3 million. The operating lease liability is not considered a liability under the consolidated leverage ratio calculations in the indentures governing the Company’s senior unsecured and senior secured note obligations. The Company has made an accounting policy election to not apply the recognition requirements of ASU 2016-02 to its short-term leases — leases with a term of one year or less.  The Company has also elected to apply certain practical expedients under ASU2016-02 including not separating lease and nonlease components on its finance and operating leases, not reassessing whether any existing contracts contained leases, not reconsidering lease classification, not reassessing initial direct costs and using hindsight in determining the lease reasonably certain term of its leases.

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Finance lease cost

 

 

 

Amortization of right-of-use assets

 

$

4,971

 

Interest expense on finance lease liabilities

 

4,357

 

Operating lease cost

 

3,295

 

Total lease costs

 

12,623

 

Other lease information

 

 

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

 

 

 

Operating cash flows from finance leases

 

(4,494

)

Operating cash flows from operating leases

 

(3,295

)

Financing cash flows from finance leases

 

(3,030

)

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities

 

3,630

 

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities

 

316

 

Weighted-average remaining lease term - finance leases (in years)

 

14.7

 

Weighted-average remaining lease term — operating leases (in years)

 

23.1

 

Weighted average discount rate — finance leases

 

10.7

%

Weighted average discount rate — operating leases

 

5.6

%

 

Finance leases—fiber lease agreements

 

The Company has entered into lease agreements with numerous providers of dark fiber under indefeasible-right-of use agreements (“IRU’s). These IRU’s typically have initial terms of 15-20 years and include renewal options after the initial lease term. The Company

 

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establishes the number of renewal option periods used in determining the lease term based upon its assessment at the inception of the lease of the number of option periods for which failure to renew the lease imposes a penalty in such amount that renewal appears to be reasonably certain.  The option to renew may be automatic, at the option of the Company or mutually agreed to between the dark fiber provider and the Company. Once the Company has accepted the related fiber route, leases that meet the criteria for treatment as finance leases are recorded as a finance lease obligation and an IRU asset.  The interest rate used in determining the present value of the aggregate future minimum lease payments is the Company’s incremental borrowing rate for the reasonably certain lease term. Finance lease assets are included in property and equipment in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company had committed to additional dark fiber IRU lease agreements totaling $13.4 million in future payments to be paid over periods of up to 20 years. These obligations begin when the related fiber is accepted, which is generally expected to occur in the next 12 months.

 

The future minimum payments (principal and interest) under these finance leases are as follows (in thousands):

 

For the twelve months ending March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

$

24,325

 

2021

 

24,227

 

2022

 

23,673

 

2023

 

22,256

 

2024

 

21,277

 

Thereafter

 

223,513

 

Total minimum finance lease obligations

 

339,271

 

Less—amounts representing interest

 

(174,437

)

Present value of minimum finance lease obligations

 

164,834

 

Current maturities

 

(7,293

)

Finance lease obligations, net of current maturities

 

$

157,541

 

 

Operating leases

 

The Company leases office space and certain data center facilities under operating leases. In certain cases the Company also enters into short term operating leases for dark fiber. Right-of-use assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent its obligation to make lease payments under the lease. Operating lease right-of-use assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the reasonably certain lease term. The implicit rates within the Company’s operating leases are generally not determinable and the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate at the lease commencement date to determine the present value of its lease payments. The determination of the Company’s incremental borrowing rate requires judgment. The Company determines its incremental borrowing rate for each lease using its current borrowing rate, adjusted for various factors including level of collateralization and term to align with the term of the lease. Certain of the Company’s leases include options to extend or terminate the lease. The Company establishes the number of renewal option periods used in determining the operating lease term based upon its assessment at the inception of the operating lease of the number of option periods for which failure to renew the lease imposes a penalty in such amount that renewal appears to be reasonably certain.  The option to renew may be automatic, at the option of the Company or mutually agreed to between the landlord or dark fiber provider and the Company. Once the Company has accepted the related fiber route or the facility lease term has begun, the present value of the aggregate future minimum operating lease payments are recorded as an operating lease liability and a right-of-use leased asset.  Lease incentives and deferred rent liabilities for facilities operating leases are presented with the right-of-use leased asset. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

 

The future minimum payments under these operating lease agreements are as follows (in thousands):

 

For the twelve months ending March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

$

15,411

 

2021

 

13,759

 

2022

 

12,369

 

2023

 

10,910

 

2024

 

9,983

 

Thereafter

 

97,286

 

Total minimum operating lease obligations

 

159,718

 

Less—amounts representing interest

 

(64,684

)

Present value of minimum operating lease obligations

 

95,034

 

Current maturities

 

(10,389

)

Lease obligations, net of current maturities

 

$

84,645

 

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements— to be Adopted

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” This guidance is intended to introduce a revised approach to the recognition and measurement of credit losses, emphasizing an updated model based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. This new standard is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this guidance may have on its financial statements and related disclosures.

 

2. Property and equipment:

 

Depreciation and amortization expense related to property and equipment and capital leases was $20.3 million and $19.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company capitalized salaries and related benefits of employees working directly on the construction and build-out of its network of $2.6 million and $2.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Exchange agreement

 

In the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company exchanged certain used network equipment and cash consideration for new network equipment. The fair value of the equipment received was estimated to be $1.7 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and after considering the cash component, the transactions resulted in gains of $0.5 million and $0.1 million, respectively. The estimated fair value of the equipment received was based upon the cash consideration price the Company pays for the new network equipment on a standalone basis (Level 3).

 

Installment payment agreement

 

The Company has entered into an installment payment agreement (“IPA”) with a vendor.  Under the IPA the Company may purchase network equipment in exchange for interest free note obligations each with a twenty-four month term.  There are no payments under each note obligation for the first six months followed by eighteen equal installment payments for the remaining eighteen month term. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 there was $12.3 million and $11.2 million, respectively, of note obligations outstanding under the IPA, secured by the related equipment.  The Company recorded the assets purchased and the net present value of the note obligation utilizing an imputed interest rate.  The resulting discount was $0.5 million and $0.4 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and is being amortized over the note term using the effective interest rate method.

 

3. Long-term debt:

 

Limitations under the indentures

 

The Company has $189.2 million of senior notes and $445.0 million of senior secured notes outstanding.  The $189.2 million of senior notes are due on April 15, 2021 (the “2021 Notes”) and bear interest at a rate of 5.625% per year. Interest is paid semi-annually on April 15 and October 15.  The $445.0 million of senior secured notes are due on March 1, 2022 (the “2022 Notes”) and bear interest at a rate of 5.375% per year. Interest is paid semi-annually on March 1 and September 1.

 

The indentures governing the 2022 Notes and 2021 Notes, among other things, limit the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness; to pay dividends or make other distributions; to make certain investments and other restricted payments; to create liens; consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets; to incur restrictions on the ability of a subsidiary to pay dividends or make other payments; and to enter into certain transactions with its affiliates. Limitations on the ability to incur additional indebtedness (excluding IRU agreements incurred in the normal course of business) include a restriction on incurring additional indebtedness if the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio, as defined in the indentures, is greater than 5.0. The indentures prohibit certain payments, such as dividends and stock purchases, when the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio, as defined by the indentures, is greater than 4.25. A certain amount of such unrestricted payments is permitted notwithstanding this prohibition. The unrestricted payment amount may be increased by the Company’s consolidated cash flow, as defined in the indentures, as long as the Company’s consolidated leverage ratio is less than 4.25. The Company’s

 

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consolidated leverage ratio was below 4.25 as of March 31, 2019.  As of March 31, 2019, a total of $193.8 million ($105.7 million held by Holdings) was permitted for investment payments including dividends and stock purchases.

 

4. Commitments and contingencies:

 

Current and potential litigation

 

In accordance with the accounting guidance for contingencies, the Company accrues its estimate of a contingent liability when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Where it is probable that a liability has been incurred and there is a range of expected loss for which no amount in the range is more likely than any other amount, the Company accrues at the low end of the range. The Company reviews its accruals at least quarterly and adjusts them to reflect the impact of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel, and other information and events pertaining to a particular matter. The Company has taken certain positions related to its obligations for leased circuits for which it is reasonably possible could result in a loss of up to $2.9 million in excess of the amount accrued at March 31, 2019.

 

The Company is engaged in an arbitration proceeding in Spain in which a former provider of optical fiber to the Company is seeking approximately $9 million for the Company’s early termination of the optical fiber leases, which amount the Company has accrued in 2015. The Company has counterclaimed for damages and is contesting its obligation to pay the termination liability in an arbitration proceeding in Spain. The arbitration is being conducted by the Civil and Commercial Arbitration Court (CIMA) in Madrid, Spain.

 

In the ordinary course of business the Company is involved in other legal activities and claims. Because such matters are subject to many uncertainties and the outcomes are not predictable with assurance, the liability related to these legal actions and claims cannot be determined with certainty. Management does not believe that such claims and actions will have a material impact on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations. Judgment is required in estimating the ultimate outcome of any dispute resolution process, as well as any other amounts that may be incurred to conclude the negotiations or settle any litigation. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions and such differences could be material.

 

5. Income taxes:

 

The components of income before income taxes consist of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended

 

Three Months
Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

March 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic

 

$

18,753

 

$

14,135

 

Foreign

 

(5,982

)

(4,212

)

Total

 

$

12,771

 

$

9,923

 

 

6. Common stock buyback program:

 

The Company’s Board of Directors has approved purchases of the Company’s common stock under a buyback program (the “Buyback Program”) through December 31, 2019.  At March 31, 2019, there was approximately $34.9 million remaining for purchases under the Buyback Program.  There were no purchases of common stock during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

7. Dividends on common stock:

 

On May 1, 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the payment of a quarterly dividend of $0.60 per common share. This estimated $27.2 million dividend payment is expected to be made on May 31, 2019.

 

The payment of any future dividends and any other returns of capital, including stock buybacks will be at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors and may be reduced, eliminated or increased and will be dependent upon the Company’s financial position, results of operations, available cash, cash flow, capital requirements, limitations under the Company’s debt indentures and other factors deemed relevant by the Company’s Board of Directors. The Company is a Delaware Corporation and under the General Corporate Law of the State of Delaware distributions may be restricted including a restriction that distributions, including stock purchases and dividends, do not result in an impairment of a corporation’s capital, as defined under Delaware Law. The indentures governing the Company’s notes limit the Company’s ability to return cash to its stockholders.

 

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8. Related party transactions:

 

Office leases

 

The Company’s headquarters is located in an office building owned by Sodium LLC whose owner is the Company’s Chief Executive Officer.  The fixed annual rent for the headquarters building is $1.0 million per year plus an allocation of taxes and utilities. The lease began in May 2015 and the lease term is for five years which is cancellable by the Company upon 60 days’ notice. The Company’s audit committee reviews and approves all transactions with related parties. The Company paid $0.3 million and $0.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, for rent and related costs (including taxes and utilities) to Sodium LLC for this lease.

 

9. Segment information:

 

The Company operates as one operating segment. The Company’s service revenue by geographic region and product class and long lived assets by geographic region are as follows (in thousands):

 

Three months Ended March 31, 2019
Revenues

 

On net

 

Off-net

 

Non-core

 

Total

 

North America

 

$

77,978

 

$

32,635

 

$

85

 

$

110,698

 

Europe

 

18,180

 

4,026

 

26

 

22,232

 

Asia Pacific

 

991

 

182

 

 

1,173

 

Latin America

 

34

 

 

 

34

 

Total

 

$

97,183

 

$

36,843

 

$

111

 

$

134,137

 

 

Three months Ended March 31, 2018
Revenues

 

On net

 

Off-net

 

Non-core

 

Total

 

North America

 

$

73,057

 

$

31,992

 

$

163

 

$

105,212

 

Europe

 

18,877

 

4,026

 

12

 

22,915

 

Asia Pacific

 

453

 

126

 

 

579

 

Total

 

$

92,387

 

$

36,144

 

$

175

 

$

128,706

 

 

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

December 31,
2018

 

Long lived assets, net

 

 

 

 

 

North America

 

$

275,904

 

$

275,367

 

Europe and other

 

99,461

 

99,978

 

Total

 

$

375,365

 

$

375,345

 

 

The majority of North American revenue consists of services delivered within the United States.

 

ITEM 2.                                                MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

You should read the following discussion and analysis together with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this report. The discussion in this report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, such as statements of our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions. The cautionary statements made in this report should be read as applying to all related forward-looking statements wherever they appear in this report. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed here. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include, but are not limited to:

 

Future economic instability in the global economy, which could affect spending on Internet services; the impact of changing foreign exchange rates (in particular the Euro to US dollar and Canadian dollar to US dollar exchange rates) on the translation of our non-US dollar denominated revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities; legal and operational difficulties in new markets; the imposition of a requirement that we contribute to the US Universal Service Fund on the basis of our Internet revenue; changes in government policy and/or regulation, including rules regarding data protection, cyber security and net neutrality; increasing competition leading to lower prices for our services; our ability to attract new customers and to increase and maintain the volume of traffic on our network; the ability to maintain our Internet peering arrangements on favorable terms; our ability to renew our long-term leases of optical fiber that comprise our network; our reliance on an equipment vendor, Cisco Systems Inc., and the potential for hardware or software problems associated with such equipment; the dependence of our network on the quality and dependability of third-party fiber providers; our ability to retain certain customers that comprise a significant portion of our revenue base; the management of network failures and/or disruptions; and outcomes in litigation as well as other risks discussed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, without limitation, our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

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General Overview

 

We are a leading facilities-based provider of low-cost, high-speed Internet access, private network services and data center colocation space. Our network is specifically designed and optimized to transmit packet routed data. We deliver our services primarily to small and medium-sized businesses, communications service providers and other bandwidth-intensive organizations in North America, Europe, Asia, Latin America and Australia.

 

Our on-net service consists of high-speed Internet access and private network services provided at speeds ranging from 100 Megabits per second to 100 Gigabits per second. We offer our on-net services to customers located in buildings that are physically connected to our network. We provide on-net Internet access and private network services to corporate customers and net-centric customers. Our corporate customers are located in multi-tenant office buildings and in our data centers and typically include law firms, financial services firms, advertising and marketing firms and other professional services businesses. Our net-centric customers include bandwidth-intensive users such as other Internet access providers, telephone companies, cable television companies, web hosting companies, content delivery networks and commercial content and application service providers. These net-centric customers generally receive our services in carrier neutral colocation facilities and in our data centers.

 

Our off-net services are sold to businesses that are connected to our network primarily by means of “last mile” access service lines obtained from other carriers, primarily in the form of metropolitan Ethernet circuits. Our non-core services, which consist primarily of legacy services of companies whose assets or businesses we have acquired, primarily include voice services (only provided in Toronto, Canada). We do not actively market these non-core services, are actively discontinuing providing certain of these services and we expect the service revenue associated with them to continue to decline.

 

Our network is comprised of in-building riser facilities, metropolitan optical fiber networks, metropolitan traffic aggregation points and inter-city transport facilities. Our network is physically connected entirely through our facilities to 2,706 buildings in which we provide our on-net services, including 1,746 multi-tenant office buildings. We also provide on-net services in carrier-neutral data centers, Cogent controlled data centers and single-tenant office buildings. We operate 52 Cogent controlled data centers totaling over 587,000 square feet. Because of our integrated network architecture, we are not dependent on local telephone companies or cable companies to serve our on-net customers. We emphasize the sale of our on-net services because we believe we have a competitive advantage in providing these services and these services generate gross profit margins that are greater than the gross profit margins of our off-net services.

 

We believe our key growth opportunity is provided by our high-capacity network, which provides us with the ability to add a significant number of customers to our network with minimal direct incremental costs. Our focus is to add customers to our network in a way that maximizes its use and at the same time provides us with a profitable customer mix. We are responding to this opportunity by increasing our sales and marketing efforts including increasing our number of sales representatives and expanding our network to locations that we believe can be economically integrated and represent significant concentrations of Internet traffic. One of our keys to developing a profitable business will be to carefully match the cost of extending our network to reach new customers with the revenue expected to be generated by those customers. In addition, we may add customers to our network through strategic acquisitions.

 

We believe some of the most important trends in our industry are the continued long-term growth in Internet traffic and a decline in Internet access prices on a per megabit basis. The effective price per megabit for our corporate customers is declining as the bandwidth utilization and connection size of our corporate customer connections increases. As Internet traffic continues to grow and prices per unit of traffic continue to decline, we believe we can continue to load our network and gain market share from less efficient network operators. However, continued erosion in Internet access prices will likely have a negative impact on the rate at which we can increase our revenues and our profitability. Our revenue may also be negatively affected if we are unable to grow our Internet traffic or if the rate of growth of Internet traffic does not offset an expected decline in our per unit pricing. We do not know if Internet traffic will increase or decrease, or the rate at which it will increase or decrease. Changes in Internet traffic will be a function of the number of Internet users, the amount of time users spend on the Internet, the applications for which the Internet is used, the bandwidth intensity of these applications and the pricing of Internet services, and other factors.

 

The growth in Internet traffic has a more significant impact on our net-centric customers who represent the vast majority of the traffic on our network and who tend to consume the majority of their allocated bandwidth on their connections. Net-centric customers tend to purchase their service on a price per megabit basis. Our corporate customers tend to utilize a small portion of their allocated bandwidth on their connections and tend to purchase their service on a per connection basis. Over the past several years, our revenue from corporate customers has grown faster than our revenue from our net-centric customers.

 

We are a facilities-based provider of Internet access and communications services. Facilities-based providers require significant physical assets, or network facilities, to provide their services. Typically when a facilities-based network services provider begins providing its services in a new jurisdiction losses are incurred for several years until economies of scale have been achieved. Our foreign operations are in Europe, Canada, Mexico, Asia, Latin America and Australia. Europe accounts for roughly 75% of our foreign operations. Our European operations have incurred losses and will continue to do so until our European customer base and revenues have grown enough to achieve sufficient economies of scale.

 

Due to our strategic acquisitions of network assets and equipment, we believe we are well positioned to grow our revenue base. We continue to purchase and deploy network equipment to parts of our network to maximize the utilization of our assets and to expand and

 

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increase the capacity of our network. Our future capital expenditures will be based primarily on the expansion of our network and the addition of on-net buildings. We plan to continue to expand our network and to increase the number of on-net buildings we serve including multi-tenant office buildings, carrier neutral data centers and Cogent controlled data centers. Many factors can affect our ability to add buildings to our network. These factors include the willingness of building owners to grant us access rights, the availability of optical fiber networks to serve those buildings, the cost to connect buildings to our network and equipment availability.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

 

The following summary table presents a comparison of our results of operations with respect to certain key financial measures. The comparisons illustrated in the table are discussed in greater detail below.

 

 

 

Three months ended
March 31,

 

Percent

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Change

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Service revenue

 

$

134,137

 

$

128,706

 

4.2

%

On-net revenue

 

97,183

 

92,387

 

5.2

%

Off-net revenue

 

36,843

 

36,144

 

1.9

%

Network operations expenses (1)

 

54,150

 

54,875

 

(1.3

)%

Selling, general, and administrative expenses (2)

 

35,860

 

33,523

 

7.0

%

Gains on equipment transactions

 

536

 

117

 

358.1

%

Depreciation and amortization expenses

 

20,263

 

19,788

 

2.4

%

Interest expense

 

13,456

 

12,408

 

8.4

%

Income tax provision

 

3,554

 

3,139

 

13.2

%

 


(1)                                 Includes equity-based compensation expenses of $180 and $189 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

(2)                                 Includes equity-based compensation expenses of $3,254 and $3,595 in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended
March 31,

 

Percent

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

Change

 

Other Operating Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average Revenue Per Unit (ARPU)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ARPU—on net

 

$

463

 

$

494

 

(6.2

)%

ARPU—off-net

 

$

1,111

 

$

1,193

 

(6.9

)%

Average Price per Megabit — installed base

 

$

0.68

 

$

0.90

 

(24.4

)%

Customer Connections—end of period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On-net

 

71,066

 

63,366

 

12.2

%

Off-net

 

11,138

 

10,241

 

8.8

%

 

Service Revenue. Our service revenue increased 4.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018. The impact of exchange rates resulted in a decrease of revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2019 of approximately $2.1 million.  All foreign currency comparisons herein reflect our first quarter 2019 results translated at the average foreign currency exchange rates for the first quarter of 2018.  We increased our total service revenue by increasing the number of sales representatives selling our services, by expanding our network, by adding additional buildings to our network, by increasing our penetration into the buildings connected to our network and by gaining market share by offering our services at lower prices than our competitors.

 

Revenue recognition standards include guidance relating to any tax assessed by a governmental authority that is directly imposed on a revenue-producing transaction between a seller and a customer and may include, but is not limited to, gross receipts taxes, Universal Service Fund fees and certain state regulatory fees. We record these taxes billed to our customers on a gross basis (as service revenue and network operations expense) in our consolidated statements of operations. The impact of these taxes including the Universal Service Fund resulted in an increase of our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018 of approximately $0.2 million.

 

Our net-centric customers tend to purchase their service on a price per megabit basis. Our corporate customers tend to utilize a small portion of their allocated bandwidth on their connections and tend to purchase their service on a per connection basis. Revenues from our corporate and net centric customers represented 67.2% and 32.8% of total service revenue, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and represented 63.0% and 37.0% of total service revenue, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2018.  Revenues from corporate customers increased 11.2% to $90.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from $81.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily due to an increase in our number of our corporate customers.  Revenues from our net-centric customers

 

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decreased by 7.6% to $44.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from $47.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily due to an increase in our number of net-centric customers being offset by a decline in our average price per megabit. Our revenue from our net-centric customers has declined as a percentage of our total revenue and grew at a slower rate than our corporate customer revenue because net-centric customers purchase our services based upon a price per megabit basis and our average price per megabit declined by 24.4% from the three months ended March 31, 2018 to the three months ended March 31, 2019. Additionally, the net-centric market experiences a greater level of pricing pressure than the corporate market and net-centric customers who renew their service with us expect their renewed service to be at a lower price than their current price. We expect that our average price per megabit will continue to decline at similar rates which would result in our corporate revenues continuing to represent a greater portion of our total revenues and our net-centric revenues continuing to grow at a lower rate than our corporate revenues. Additionally, the impact of foreign exchange rates has a more significant impact on our net-centric revenues.

 

Our on-net revenues increased 5.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018. We increased the number of our on-net customer connections by 12.2% at March 31, 2019 from March 31, 2018. On-net customer connections increased at a greater rate than on-net revenues primarily due to the 6.2% decline in our on-net ARPU, primarily from a decline in ARPU for our net centric customers. ARPU is determined by dividing revenue for the period by the average customer connections for that period. Our average price per megabit for our installed base of customers is determined by dividing the aggregate monthly recurring fixed charges for those customers by the aggregate committed data rate for the same customers. The decline in on-net ARPU is partly attributed to volume and term based pricing discounts. Additionally, on-net customers who cancel their service from our installed base of customers, in general, have an ARPU that is greater than the ARPU for our new customers due to declining prices primarily for our on-net services sold to our net-centric customers. These trends resulted in the reduction to our on-net ARPU and a 24.4% decline in our average price per megabit for our installed base of customers.

 

Our off-net revenues increased 1.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018.  Our off-net revenues increased as we increased the number of our off-net customer connections by 8.8% at March 31, 2019 from March 31, 2018. Our off-net customer connections increased at a greater rate than our off-net revenue primarily due to the 6.9% decrease in our off-net ARPU.

 

Network Operations Expenses. Network operations expenses include the costs of personnel associated with service delivery, network management and customer support, network facilities costs, fiber and equipment maintenance fees, leased circuit costs, access and facilities fees paid to building owners and excise taxes billed to our customers and recorded on a gross basis. Non-cash equity-based compensation expense is included in network operations expenses consistent with the classification of the employee’s salary and other compensation. Our network operations expenses, including non-cash equity-based compensation expense, decreased by 1.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018. The decrease is primarily attributable to an increase in costs related to our network and facilities expansion activities and the increase in our off-net revenues being offset by a reduction in circuit costs, fewer operating lease IRU agreements and the impact of foreign exchange. When we provide off-net services we also assume the cost of the associated tail circuits.

 

Selling, General, and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses. Our SG&A expenses, including non-cash equity-based compensation expense, increased 7.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018. Non-cash equity-based compensation expense is included in SG&A expenses consistent with the classification of the employee’s salary and other compensation and was $3.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and $3.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. SG&A expenses increased primarily from an increase in salaries and related costs required to support our expansion and the increase in our sales efforts.  Our sales force headcount increased from 555 at March 31, 2018 to 639 at March 31, 2019 and our total headcount increased from 908 at March 31, 2018 to 997 at March 31, 2019.

 

Gains on Equipment Transactions.  In the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, we exchanged certain used network equipment and cash consideration for new network equipment resulting in gains of $0.5 million and $0.1 million, respectively, based upon the estimated fair value of the new network equipment less the carrying amount of the returned used network equipment and the cash paid.

 

Depreciation and Amortization Expenses. Our depreciation and amortization expense increased by 2.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase is primarily due to the depreciation expense associated with the increase in deployed fixed assets.

 

Interest Expense. Interest expense results from interest incurred on our $445.0 million of senior secured notes, interest incurred on our $189.2 million of senior unsecured notes, interest on our installment payment agreement and interest on our capital lease obligations. Our interest expense increased by 8.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2019 from the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily due to the issuance of $70.0 million of senior secured notes in August 2018 and from an increase in our capital lease obligations.

 

Income Tax Provision.  Our income tax provision was $3.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and $3.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.

 

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Buildings On-net. As of March 31, 2019 and 2018, we had a total of 2,706 and 2,541 on-net buildings connected to our network, respectively. The increase in our on-net buildings was a result of our disciplined network expansion program. We anticipate adding a similar number of buildings to our network for the next several years.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

In assessing our liquidity, management reviews and analyzes our current cash balances, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, capital expenditure commitments, and required capital lease and debt payments and other obligations.

 

Cash Flows

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated cash flows.

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2019

 

2018

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

$

28,637

 

$

30,179

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(13,288

)

(14,905

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(31,809

)

(26,791

)

Effect of exchange rates changes on cash

 

(495

)

532

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

(16,955

)

$

(10,985

)

 

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities.  Our primary sources of operating cash are receipts from our customers who are billed on a monthly basis for our services. Our primary uses of operating cash are payments made to our vendors, employees and interest payments made to our capital lease vendors and our note holders. Our changes in cash provided by operating activities are primarily due to changes in our operating profit. Cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 includes interest payments on our note obligations of $12.0 million and $10.1 million, respectively.

 

Net Cash Used In Investing Activities.  Our primary use of cash for investing activities is for purchases of property and equipment. Purchases of property and equipment were $13.3 million and $14.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The changes in purchases of property and equipment are primarily due to the timing and scope of our network expansion activities including geographic expansion and adding buildings to our network.

 

Net Cash Used In Financing Activities.  Our primary uses of cash for financing activities are for principal payments under our capital lease obligations and our installment payment agreement, purchases of our common stock and dividend payments. Principal payments under our capital lease were $3.0 million and $2.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  Principal payments under our installment payment agreement were $2.4 million and $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.  During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 we paid $26.6 million and $22.8 million, respectively, for our quarterly dividend payments.

 

Cash Position and Indebtedness

 

Our total indebtedness, at par, at March 31, 2019 was $811.3 million and our total cash and cash equivalents were $259.1 million. Our total indebtedness at March 31, 2019 includes $164.8 million of capital lease obligations for dark fiber under long term IRU agreements.

 

Summarized Financial Information of Holdings

 

Holdings is not a restricted subsidiary as defined under the indentures governing our 2021 Notes and our 2022 Notes.  Holdings is a guarantor under these notes.  Under the indentures we are required to disclose financial information of Holdings including its assets, liabilities and its operating results (“Holdings Financial Information”).  The Holdings Financial Information as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is detailed below (in thousands).

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

105,698

 

Accrued interest receivable

 

129

 

Total assets

 

$

105,827

 

 

 

 

 

Investment from subsidiaries

 

$

259,816

 

Common stock

 

46

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(154,035

)

Total equity

 

$

105,827

 

 

 

 

Three Months
Ended
March 31, 2019

 

 

 

(Unaudited)

 

Equity-based compensation expense

 

3,771

 

Interest income

 

751

 

Net loss

 

$

(3,020

)

 

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Common Stock Buyback Program

 

Our Board of Directors has approved purchases of our common stock under a buyback program (the “Buyback Program”).  There were no purchases of our common stock in the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.  As of March 31, 2019, there was a total of $34.9 million available under the Buyback Program which is authorized to continue through December 31, 2019.

 

Dividends on Common Stock and Return of Capital Program

 

On May 1, 2019, our Board of Directors approved the payment of our quarterly dividend of $0.60 per common share. This estimated $27.2 million dividend payment is expected to be made on May 31, 2019.

 

The payment of any future dividends and any other returns of capital, including stock buybacks, will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and may be reduced, eliminated or increased and will be dependent upon our financial position, results of operations, available cash, cash flow, capital requirements, limitations under our debt indentures and other factors deemed relevant by the our Board of Directors. We are a Delaware Corporation and under the General Corporate Law of the State of Delaware distributions may be restricted including a restriction that distributions, including stock purchases and dividends, do not result in an impairment of a corporation’s capital, as defined under Delaware Law. The indentures governing our notes limit our ability to return cash to our stockholders.  See Note 3 of our interim condensed consolidated financial statements for additional discussion of limitations on distributions.

 

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

 

There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations and commitments included in Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Future Capital Requirements

 

We believe that our cash on hand and cash generated from our operating activities will be adequate to meet our working capital, capital expenditure, debt service, dividend payments and other cash requirements for the next twelve months if we execute our business plan.

 

Any future acquisitions or other significant unplanned costs or cash requirements in excess of amounts we currently hold may require that we raise additional funds through the issuance of debt or equity. We cannot assure you that such financing will be available on terms acceptable to us or our stockholders, or at all. Insufficient funds may require us to delay or scale back the number of buildings and markets that we add to our network, reduce our planned increase in our sales and marketing efforts, or require us to otherwise alter our business plan or take other actions that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. If issuing equity securities raises additional funds, substantial dilution to existing stockholders may result.

 

We may need to or elect to refinance all or a portion of our indebtedness at or before maturity and we cannot provide assurances that we will be able to refinance any such indebtedness on commercially reasonable terms or at all. In addition, we may elect to secure additional capital in the future, at acceptable terms, to improve our liquidity or fund acquisitions or for general corporate purposes. In addition, in an effort to reduce future cash interest payments as well as future amounts due at maturity or to extend debt maturities, we may, from time to time, issue new debt, enter into debt for debt, or cash transactions to purchase our outstanding debt securities in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions. We will evaluate any such transactions in light of the existing market conditions. The amounts involved in any such transaction, individually or in the aggregate, may be material.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. In addition, we do not engage in trading activities involving non-exchange traded contracts. As such, we are not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risks that could arise if we had engaged in these relationships.

 

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Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Estimates

 

Management believes that as of March 31, 2019, there have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and significant estimates from those listed in Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements—to be Adopted

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued No. ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments — Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” This guidance is intended to introduce a revised approach to the recognition and measurement of credit losses, emphasizing an updated model based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. This new standard is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that this guidance may have on our financial statements and related disclosures.

 

ITEM 3.                QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Management believes that as of March 31, 2019, there have been no material changes to our exposures to market risk from those disclosed in Item 7A “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk,” of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

ITEM 4.                CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

 

As required by SEC Rule 13a-15(b), an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of the end of the period covered by this report.

 

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during our most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1.                LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are involved in legal proceedings in the ordinary course of our business that we do not expect to have a material impact on our operations or results of operations.  Note 4 of our interim condensed consolidated financial statements includes information on these proceedings.

 

ITEM 2.                UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Our Board of Directors has authorized a plan to permit the repurchase of our common stock in negotiated and open market transactions through December 31, 2019. We may purchase shares from time to time depending on market, economic, and other factors. There were no purchases of our common stock during the first quarter of 2019.

 

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ITEM 6.                EXHIBITS.

 

(a) Exhibits

 

Exhibit Number

 

Description

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer (filed herewith)

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer (filed herewith)

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer (furnished herewith)

32.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer (furnished herewith)

101.1

 

The following materials from the Registrant’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL), include: (i) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (iv) related notes (filed herewith).

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date: May 2, 2019

COGENT COMMUNICATIONS HOLDINGS, INC.

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ David Schaeffer

 

 

Name:

David Schaeffer

 

 

Title:

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

Date: May 2, 2019

By:

/s/ Thaddeus G. Weed

 

 

Name:

Thaddeus G. Weed

 

 

Title:

Chief Financial Officer (Principal Accounting Officer)

 

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