10-Q 1 chgg-20240331.htm 10-Q chgg-20240331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _________ to _________             
Commission file number 001-36180
Chegg new logo 2021.jpg
CHEGG, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware 20-3237489
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
3990 Freedom Circle
Santa Clara, CA, 95054
(Address of principal executive offices)
(408) 855-5700
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.001 par value per shareCHGGThe New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerxAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  x
As of April 22, 2024, the Registrant had 102,217,351 outstanding shares of Common Stock.





TABLE OF CONTENTS
     Page
   
   
    
   
   
  

Unless the context requires otherwise, the words “we,” “us,” “our,” “Company” and “Chegg” refer to Chegg, Inc. and its subsidiaries taken as a whole.

Chegg, Chegg.com, Chegg Study, EasyBib, the Chegg “C” logo, and Busuu are some of our trademarks used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Solely for convenience, our trademarks, trade names and service marks referred to in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q appear without the ®, ™ and SM symbols, but those references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights to these trademarks and trade names. Other trademarks appearing in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the property of their respective holders.

2


NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, our business strategy and plans, and our objectives for future operations and results of operations are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “project,” “endeavor,” “expect,” “plan to,” “if,” “future,” “likely,” “potentially,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, including those described in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment and new risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.

Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and we undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
3

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
CHEGG, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except for number of shares and par value)
(unaudited)
 March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Assets
Current assets  
Cash and cash equivalents$143,747 $135,757 
Short-term investments247,013 194,257 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $290 and $376 at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
24,741 31,404 
Prepaid expenses20,429 20,980 
Other current assets30,010 32,437 
Total current assets465,940 414,835 
Long-term investments221,665 249,547 
Property and equipment, net188,430 183,073 
Goodwill628,784 631,995 
Intangible assets, net48,143 52,430 
Right of use assets23,521 25,130 
Deferred tax assets140,200 141,843 
Other assets15,961 28,382 
Total assets$1,732,644 $1,727,235 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity  
Current liabilities  
Accounts payable$20,119 $28,184 
Deferred revenue54,056 55,336 
Accrued liabilities73,555 77,863 
Current portion of convertible senior notes, net357,458 357,079 
Total current liabilities505,188 518,462 
Long-term liabilities  
Convertible senior notes, net242,919 242,758 
Long-term operating lease liabilities16,460 18,063 
Other long-term liabilities4,603 3,334 
Total long-term liabilities263,982 264,155 
Total liabilities769,170 782,617 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)
Stockholders' equity:  
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share, 10,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value per share: 400,000,000 shares authorized; 101,569,933 and 102,823,700 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively
102 103 
Additional paid-in capital1,057,837 1,031,627 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(40,672)(34,739)
Accumulated deficit(53,793)(52,373)
Total stockholders' equity963,474 944,618 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$1,732,644 $1,727,235 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4

CHEGG, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Net revenues$174,350 $187,601 
Cost of revenues46,497 49,150 
Gross profit127,853 138,451 
Operating expenses:
Research and development44,435 46,907 
Sales and marketing30,375 37,017 
General and administrative55,534 58,973 
Total operating expenses130,344 142,897 
Loss from operations(2,491)(4,446)
Interest expense, net and other income, net:
Interest expense, net(650)(1,268)
Other income, net10,780 12,076 
Total interest expense, net and other income, net10,130 10,808 
Income before provision for income taxes7,639 6,362 
Provision for income taxes(9,059)(4,176)
Net (loss) income$(1,420)$2,186 
Net (loss) income per share
Basic$(0.01)$0.02 
Diluted$(0.01)$0.02 
Weighted average shares used to compute net (loss) income per share
Basic102,343 123,710 
Diluted102,343 124,304 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

CHEGG, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Net (loss) income$(1,420)$2,186 
Other comprehensive (loss) income
Change in net unrealized (loss) gain on investments(1,970)3,812 
Change in foreign currency translation adjustments(3,963)8,338 
Other comprehensive (loss) income(5,933)12,150 
Total comprehensive (loss) income$(7,353)$14,336 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6

CHEGG, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(in thousands)
(unaudited)


Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Common Stock
SharesPar 
Value
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated
Deficit
Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balances at December 31, 2023
102,824 $103 $1,031,627 $(34,739)$(52,373)$944,618 
Repurchases of common stock(2,116)(2)(112)— — (114)
Net share settlement of equity awards862 1 (4,294)— — (4,293)
Share-based compensation expense— — 30,616 — — 30,616 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (5,933)— (5,933)
Net loss— — — — (1,420)(1,420)
Balances at March 31, 2024
101,570 $102 $1,057,837 $(40,672)$(53,793)$963,474 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
Common Stock
SharesPar 
Value
Additional Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated
Deficit
Total Stockholders’ Equity
Balances at December 31, 2022
126,474 $126 $1,244,504 $(57,488)$(70,553)$1,116,589 
Repurchases of common stock(7,600)(7)(151,304)— — (151,311)
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options
18 — 144 — — 144 
Net share settlement of equity awards736 1 (7,736)— — (7,735)
Share-based compensation expense— — 34,736 — — 34,736 
Other comprehensive income— — — 12,150 — 12,150 
Net income— — — — 2,186 2,186 
Balances at March 31, 2023
119,628$120 $1,120,344 $(45,338)$(68,367)$1,006,759 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

7

CHEGG, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Cash flows from operating activities 
Net (loss) income$(1,420)$2,186 
Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Share-based compensation expense29,289 33,746 
Depreciation and amortization expense19,687 25,543 
Deferred income taxes2,877 3,441 
Operating lease expense, net1,567 1,496 
Amortization of debt issuance costs541 1,057 
Loss from write-off of property and equipment478 120 
Other non-cash items(31)(5)
Change in assets and liabilities:  
Accounts receivable6,705 1,578 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets3,583 8,485 
Other assets(1,270)2,803 
Accounts payable(6,589)(336)
Deferred revenue(1,159)2,012 
Accrued liabilities640 (2,569)
Other liabilities(1,580)(6,397)
Net cash provided by operating activities53,318 73,160 
Cash flows from investing activities  
Purchases of property and equipment(28,017)(17,166)
Purchases of investments(79,028)(497,372)
Maturities of investments50,731 407,759 
Proceeds from sale of strategic equity investment15,500  
Net cash used in investing activities(40,814)(106,779)
Cash flows from financing activities  
Proceeds from common stock issued under stock plans, net 145 
Payment of taxes related to the net share settlement of equity awards(4,294)(7,736)
Repurchase of common stock (151,311)
Net cash used in financing activities(4,294)(158,902)
Effect of exchange rate changes(226)187 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash7,984 (192,334)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period137,976 475,854 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$145,960 $283,520 

 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Supplemental cash flow data:
Cash paid during the period for:  
Interest$224 $437 
Income taxes, net of refunds$641 $2,017 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases$2,216 $2,866 
Right of use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
Operating leases$ $12,407 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:  
Accrued purchases of long-lived assets$6,302 $3,941 

March 31,
20242023
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
Cash and cash equivalents$143,747 $281,302 
Restricted cash included in other current assets224 63 
Restricted cash included in other assets1,989 2,155 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$145,960 $283,520 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
8

CHEGG, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Note 1. Background and Basis of Presentation

Company and Background

Chegg, Inc. (“we,” “us,” “our,” “Company” or “Chegg”), headquartered in Santa Clara, California, was incorporated as a Delaware corporation in July 2005. Millions of people all around the world learn with Chegg. No matter the goal, level, or style, Chegg helps learners learn with confidence. We provide 24/7 on-demand support, and our personalized learning assistant leverages the power of artificial intelligence (“AI”), more than a hundred million pieces of proprietary content, as well as a decade of learning insights. Our platform also helps learners build essential life and job skills to accelerate their path from learning to earning, and we work with companies to offer learning programs for their employees.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) regarding interim financial reporting. The condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of Chegg, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our financial position as of March 31, 2024 and our results of operations, results of comprehensive (loss) income, stockholders' equity and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023. Our results of operations, results of comprehensive (loss) income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2024 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.

We have a single operating and reportable segment and operating unit structure. The condensed consolidated financial statements and related financial information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto that are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (the Annual Report on Form 10-K) filed with the SEC.

There have been no material changes to our significant accounting policies as compared to the significant accounting policies described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments, and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities; the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements; and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. We base our estimates on historical experience, knowledge of current business conditions, and various other factors we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates are based on management’s knowledge about current events and expectations about actions we may undertake in the future. Actual results could differ from these estimates, and such differences could be material to our financial position and results of operations. There have been no material changes in our use of estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2024 as compared to the use of estimates disclosed in Part II, Item 8 “Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In December 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2024-02, Codification Improvements—Amendments to Remove References to the Concepts Statements. ASU 2024-02 removes various references to the FASB’s Concepts Statements from the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification. Early adoption is permitted, and the guidance will be applied prospectively with the option to apply retrospectively. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024. We did not early adopt ASU 2024-02 and do not believe it will have a significant impact on our financial statements, however, we are currently in the process of evaluating the impact.

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Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

We did not adopt any accounting pronouncements during the three months ended March 31, 2024 that had a material impact on our financial statements.

Note 2. Revenues

Revenue Recognition

Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The majority of our revenues are recognized over time as services are performed, with certain revenues being recognized at a point in time.

The following table presents our total net revenues for the periods shown disaggregated for our Subscription Services and Skills and Other product lines (in thousands, except percentages):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
 20242023$%
Subscription Services$154,051 $168,440 $(14,389)(9)%
Skills and Other20,299 19,161 1,138 6 
Total net revenues$174,350 $187,601 $(13,251)(7)

During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we recognized revenues of $37.5 million and $39.1 million, respectively, that were included in our deferred revenue balance at the beginning of each respective reporting period.

Contract Balances

The following table presents our accounts receivable, net, contract assets and deferred revenue balances (in thousands, except percentages):
 Change
 March 31,
2024
December 31, 2023$%
Accounts receivable, net$24,741 $31,404 $(6,663)(21)%
Contract assets7,973 8,598 (625)(7)
Deferred revenue54,056 55,336 (1,280)(2)

During the three months ended March 31, 2024 our accounts receivable, net balance decreased by $6.7 million, or 21%, primarily due to timing of billings and seasonality of our business. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, our contract assets balance decreased by $0.6 million, or 7%, primarily due to cash collections from our Chegg Skills service. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, our deferred revenue balance decreased by $1.3 million, or 2%, primarily due to timing of bookings and seasonality of our business.

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Note 3. Net (Loss) Income Per Share

The following table presents the computation of basic and diluted net (loss) income per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Basic
Numerator:
Net (loss) income
$(1,420)$2,186 
Denominator:
Weighted average shares used to compute net (loss) income per share, basic
102,343 123,710 
Net (loss) income per share, basic
$(0.01)$0.02 
Diluted
Numerator:
Net (loss) income$(1,420)$2,186 
Denominator:
Weighted average shares used to compute net (loss) income per share, basic
102,343 123,710 
Shares related to stock plan activity 594 
Weighted average shares used to compute net (loss) income per share, diluted
102,343 124,304 
Net (loss) income per share, diluted
$(0.01)$0.02 

The following table presents potential weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding that were excluded from the computation of diluted net (loss) income per share because including them would have been anti-dilutive (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20242023
Shares related to stock plan activity6,992 6,283 
Shares related to convertible senior notes9,234 18,226 
Total common stock equivalents16,226 24,509 

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Note 4. Cash and Cash Equivalents, Investments and Fair Value Measurements

The following tables present our cash and cash equivalents, and investments’ fair value level classification, adjusted cost, unrealized gain, unrealized loss and fair value as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 (in thousands):
 March 31, 2024
 Fair Value LevelAdjusted CostUnrealized GainUnrealized LossFair Value
Cash and cash equivalents:   
Cash$46,996 $ $ $46,996 
Money market fundsLevel 196,751   96,751 
Total cash and cash equivalents$143,747 $ $ $143,747 
Short-term investments:   
Corporate debt securitiesLevel 2$117,099 $ $(425)$116,674 
U.S. treasury securitiesLevel 166,670  (357)66,313 
Agency bondsLevel 264,207  (181)64,026 
Total short-term investments$247,976 $ $(963)$247,013 
Long-term investments:   
Corporate debt securitiesLevel 2$169,302 $287 $(631)$168,958 
U.S. treasury securitiesLevel 153,107  (400)52,707 
Total long-term investments$222,409 $287 $(1,031)$221,665 

 December 31, 2023
 Fair Value LevelAdjusted CostUnrealized GainUnrealized LossFair Value
Cash and cash equivalents:   
Cash$45,050 $ $ $45,050 
Money market fundsLevel 190,707   90,707 
Total cash and cash equivalents$135,757 $ $ $135,757 
Short-term investments:   
Corporate debt securitiesLevel 269,548  (170)69,378 
U.S. treasury securitiesLevel 125,734  (114)25,620 
Agency bondsLevel 299,505  (246)99,259 
Total short-term investments$194,787 $ $(530)$194,257 
Long-term investments:   
Corporate debt securitiesLevel 2$191,467 $898 $(213)$192,152 
U.S. treasury securitiesLevel 157,287 165 (57)57,395 
Total long-term investments$248,754 $1,063 $(270)$249,547 

As of March 31, 2024, we determined that the unrealized losses on our investments were not driven by credit related factors. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we did not recognize any losses on our investments due to credit related factors and our realized gains and losses on investments were not significant.

The following table presents our cash equivalents and investments' adjusted cost and fair value by contractual maturity as of March 31, 2024 (in thousands):
 Adjusted CostFair Value
Due within one year$247,976 $247,013 
Due after one year through three years222,409 221,665 
Investments not due at a single maturity date96,751 96,751 
Total$567,136 $565,429 

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Investments not due at a single maturity date in the preceding table consisted of money market funds.

Strategic Investments

In May 2023, we entered into a $15.0 million commitment to invest in Sound Ventures AI Fund, L.P. (Sound Ventures), a limited partnership that invests in artificial intelligence companies, for an approximate 6% ownership. We accounted for our investment under the equity method of accounting. As of December 31, 2023, the carrying amount of our investment was $11.7 million. On January 1, 2024, we sold our investment for a total cash consideration of $15.5 million, resulting in a gain of $3.8 million. The cash payment received was included within cash flows from investing activities on our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and the gain was included within other income, net on our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

In July 2022, we completed an investment of $6.0 million in Knack Technologies, Inc. (Knack), a privately held U.S. based peer-to-peer tutoring platform for higher education institutions. We do not have the ability to exercise significant influence over Knack's operating and financial policies and have elected to account for our investment at cost as it does not have a readily determinable fair value. We did not record any impairment charges during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, as there were no significant identified events or changes in circumstances that would be considered an indicator for impairment. There were no observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or similar investments of the same issuer during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023.

Financial Instruments Not Recorded at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

We report our financial instruments at fair value with the exception of the notes (defined below). The estimated fair value of the notes was determined based on the trading price of the notes as of the last day of trading for the period. We consider the fair value of the notes to be a Level 2 measurement due to the limited trading activity. The estimated fair value of the 2026 notes as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was $205.4 million and $202.9 million, respectively. The estimated fair value of the 2025 notes as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023 was $337.8 million and $329.5 million, respectively. For further information on the notes, refer to Note 5, “Convertible Senior Notes.”

Note 5. Convertible Senior Notes

In August 2020, we issued $1.0 billion in aggregate principal amount of 0% convertible senior notes due in 2026 (2026 notes). In March/April 2019, we issued $800 million in aggregate principal amount of 0.125% convertible senior notes due in 2025 (2025 notes, together with the 2026 notes, the notes). The 2026 notes bear no interest and will mature on September 1, 2026, unless repurchased, redeemed or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date. The 2025 notes bear interest of 0.125% per year which is payable semi-annually in arrears on March 15 and September 15 of each year, beginning on September 15, 2019. The 2025 notes will mature on March 15, 2025, unless repurchased, redeemed or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date.

Each $1,000 principal amount of the 2026 notes will initially be convertible into 9.2978 shares of our common stock. This is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $107.55 per share, which is subject to adjustment in certain circumstances. Each $1,000 principal amount of the 2025 notes will initially be convertible into 19.3956 shares of our common stock. This is equivalent to an initial conversion price of approximately $51.56 per share, which is subject to adjustment in certain circumstances.

Prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding June 1, 2026 for the 2026 notes and December 15, 2024 for the 2025 notes, the notes are convertible at the option of holders only upon satisfaction of certain circumstances. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, the circumstances allowing holders of the 2026 notes and 2025 notes to convert were not met.

On or after June 1, 2026 for the 2026 notes and December 15, 2024 for the 2025 notes until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the respective maturity dates, holders may convert their notes at any time, regardless of the circumstances. As of March 31, 2024, the 2025 notes were classified as a current liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as they will be convertible at the option of the holder at any time beginning December 15, 2024 and will mature on March 15, 2025, both of which are within the next twelve months.

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The following table presents the net carrying amount of the notes (in thousands):
March 31, 2024December 31, 2023
2026 Notes2025 Notes2026 Notes2025 Notes
Principal$244,479 $358,914 $244,479 $358,914 
Unamortized issuance costs(1,560)(1,456)(1,721)(1,835)
Net carrying amount$242,919 $357,458 $242,758 $357,079 

The following table presents the total interest expense recognized related to the notes (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31,
2024
2023
2026 notes:
Contractual interest expense$ $ 
Amortization of issuance costs161 325 
Total 2026 notes interest expense$161 $325 
2025 notes:
Contractual interest expense$109 $216 
Amortization of issuance costs380 732 
Total 2025 notes interest expense$489 $948 

Capped Call Transactions

Concurrently with the offering of the 2026 notes and 2025 notes, we used $103.4 million and $97.2 million, respectively, of the net proceeds to enter into privately negotiated capped call transactions which are expected to reduce or offset potential dilution to holders of our common stock upon conversion of the notes or offset the potential cash payments we would be required to make in excess of the principal amount of any converted notes. The capped call transactions automatically exercise upon conversion of the notes and as of March 31, 2024, cover 9,297,800 and 6,961,352 shares of our common stock for the 2026 notes and 2025 notes, respectively. These are intended to effectively increase the overall conversion price from $107.55 to $156.44 per share for the 2026 notes and $51.56 to $79.32 per share for the 2025 notes. The effective increase in conversion price as a result of the capped call transactions serves to reduce potential dilution to holders of our common stock and/or offset the cash payments we are required to make in excess of the principal amount of any converted notes. As these transactions meet certain accounting criteria, they are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a reduction of additional paid-in capital on our condensed consolidated balance sheets and are not accounted for as derivatives. The fair value of the capped call instrument is not remeasured each reporting period. The cost of the capped call is not expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

Note 6. Commitments and Contingencies

We may from time to time be subject to certain legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business, including claims of alleged infringement of trademarks, patents, copyrights, and other intellectual property rights; employment claims; and general contract or other claims. We may also, from time to time, be subject to various legal or government claims, demands, disputes, investigations, or requests for information. Such matters may include, but not be limited to, claims, disputes, or investigations related to warranty, refund, breach of contract, employment, intellectual property, government regulation, or compliance or other matters.

On March 1, 2023, Plaintiff Shiva Stein, derivatively on behalf of Chegg, filed a stockholder derivative complaint in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (Case No. 2023-0244-NAC) asserting breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and waste of corporate asset claims against members of Chegg’s Board and certain Chegg officers. The matter is stayed. The Company disputes these claims and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.

On February 14, 2023, Plaintiff Brian Stansell, individually and on behalf of other similarly situated stockholders of Chegg, filed a putative class action complaint in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware (Case No. 2023-0180) on behalf of all Chegg stockholders who were eligible to vote at Chegg's 2022 Annual Stockholders' Meeting, asserting breach of fiduciary duty claims against the members of Chegg's Board. The Company has filed a motion to dismiss the case, which is pending before the Court. The Company disputes these claims and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.
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On December 22, 2022, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (JPMC) asserted a demand for repayment by the Company of certain investment proceeds received by the Company in its capacity as an investor in TAPD, Inc. (more commonly known as “Frank”). JPMC seeks such repayment pursuant to certain provisions in the existing Support Agreement between JPMC and the Company that was entered into in connection with JPMC's acquisition of Frank. JPMC has alleged fraud on the part of certain former Frank executives regarding the quantity and quality of its customer accounts. The Company is not at fault, however is pursuing a settlement agreement with JPMC. As of March 31, 2024, we believe a loss is probable and reasonably estimable, and we have previously recognized an estimated loss contingency accrual of $7.0 million within general and administrative expense on our consolidated statements in 2023.

On November 9, 2022, Plaintiff Joshua Keller, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, filed a putative class action in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California (Case No. 22-cv-06986) on behalf of individuals whose data was allegedly impacted by past data breaches. On August 15, 2023, the Company received an order granting its motion to compel arbitration, and the case was stayed and administratively closed pending the conclusion of arbitration. The parties have since resolved this matter, and the related settlement amount did not have a significant impact on our financial statements.

On March 30, 2022, Joseph Robinson, derivatively on behalf of Chegg, filed a shareholder derivative complaint against Chegg and certain of its current and former directors and officers in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, alleging violations of securities laws and breaches of fiduciary duties. On February 22, 2023, Plaintiff filed an Amended Shareholder Derivative Complaint. This matter has been consolidated with Choi, below, and both matters are stayed. The Company disputes these claims and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.

On January 12, 2022, Rak Joon Choi, derivatively on behalf of Chegg, filed a shareholder derivative complaint against Chegg and certain of its current and former directors and officers in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, alleging violations of securities laws, breaches of fiduciary duties, unjust enrichment, abuse of control, gross mismanagement, and waste of corporate assets. On February 22, 2023, Plaintiff filed an Amended Shareholder Derivative Complaint. This matter has been consolidated with Robinson, above, and both matters are stayed. The Company disputes these claims and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.

On December 22, 2021, Steven Leventhal, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, filed a purported securities fraud class action on behalf of all purchasers of Chegg common stock between May 5, 2020 and November 1, 2021, inclusive, against Chegg and certain of its current and former officers in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California (Case No. 5:21-cv-09953), alleging that Chegg and several of its officers made materially false and misleading statements in violation of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. On September 7, 2022, KBC Asset Management and The Pompano Beach Police & Firefighters Retirement System were appointed as lead plaintiff in the case. On December 8, 2022, Plaintiff filed his Amended Complaint and seeks unspecified compensatory damages, costs, and expenses, including counsel and expert fees. The Company has filed a motion to dismiss the case, which was denied by the Court. The Company disputes these claims and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.

On September 13, 2021, Pearson Education, Inc. (Pearson) filed a complaint captioned Pearson Education, Inc. v. Chegg, Inc. (Pearson Complaint) in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey against the Company (Case 2:21-cv-16866), alleging infringement of Pearson’s registered copyrights and exclusive rights under copyright in violation of the United States Copyright Act. Pearson is seeking injunctive relief, monetary damages, costs, and attorneys’ fees. The Company filed its answer to the Pearson Complaint on November 19, 2021. Pearson’s June 29, 2022 Motion for Leave to File Amended Complaint seeking to add Bedford, Freeman & Worth Publishing Group, LLC d/b/a Macmillan Learning as a plaintiff was denied. Pearson filed an Amended Complaint on May 10, 2023, and the Company filed an amended answer on June 7, 2023. The Company disputes these claims and intends to vigorously defend itself in this matter.

On June 18, 2020, we received a Civil Investigative Demand (CID) from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) regarding certain alleged deceptive or unfair acts or practices related to consumer privacy and/or data security. On October 31, 2022, the FTC published the parties’ agreed-upon consent order regarding Chegg’s privacy and data security practices. On January 27, 2023, the FTC finalized its order ("Final Order") requiring Chegg to implement a comprehensive information security program, limit the data the Company can collect and retain, offer users multi factor authentication to secure their accounts, and allow users to request access to and delete their data. No monetary penalties or fines were included in the Final Order. We continue to work with the FTC on the implementation of and compliance with the Final Order.

Aside from the loss contingency accrual recorded related to the Frank matter, we have not recorded any contingent liabilities related to the above matters as we do not believe that a loss is probable and reasonably estimable in these matters. We
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are not aware of any other pending legal matters or claims, individually or in the aggregate, which are expected to have a material adverse impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. However, our analysis of whether a claim will proceed to litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, nor can the results of litigation be predicted with certainty. Nevertheless, defending any of these actions, regardless of the outcome, may be costly, time consuming, distract management personnel and have a negative effect on our business. An adverse outcome in any of these actions, including a judgment or settlement, may cause a material adverse effect on our future business, operating results or financial condition.

Note 7. Guarantees and Indemnifications

We have agreed to indemnify our directors and officers for certain events or occurrences, subject to certain limits, while such persons are or were serving at our request in such capacity. We may terminate the indemnification agreements with these persons upon termination of employment, but termination will not affect claims for indemnification related to events occurring prior to the effective date of termination. We have a directors’ and officers’ insurance policy that limits our potential exposure up to the limits of our insurance coverage. In addition, we also have other indemnification agreements with various vendors against certain claims, liabilities, losses, and damages. The maximum amount of potential future indemnification is unlimited.

We believe the fair value of these indemnification agreements is immaterial. We have not recorded any liabilities for these agreements as of March 31, 2024.

Note 8. Stockholders' Equity

Share Repurchases

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we repurchased 2,115,952 shares of our common stock related to the final delivery of our November 2023 accelerated share repurchase (ASR) agreement. The November 2023 ASR settled, and we were not required to make any additional cash payments or delivery of common stock to the financial institution upon settlement.

During the year ended December 31, 2023, we repurchased a total of 26,505,979 shares of our common stock, which included the initial delivery of 13,498,313 shares from our November 2023 ASR, 3,433,157 shares from open market transactions in June 2023, and the total delivery of 9,574,509 shares from our February 2023 ASR, which were retired immediately.

Securities Repurchase Program

In August 2023, our board of directors approved a $200.0 million increase to our existing securities repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to $2.2 billion of our common stock and/or convertible notes, through open market purchases, block trades, and/or privately negotiated transactions or pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans, in compliance with applicable securities laws and other legal requirements. The timing, volume, and nature of the repurchases will be determined by management based on the capital needs of the business, market conditions, applicable legal requirements, and other factors. During the three months ended March 31, 2024, we had no cash repurchases of our common stock or notes. As of March 31, 2024, we had $3.7 million remaining under the securities repurchase program, which has no expiration date and will continue until otherwise suspended, terminated or modified at any time for any reason by our board of directors.

Share-based Compensation Expense

The following table presents total share-based compensation expense recorded (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Cost of revenues$513 $527 
Research and development9,209 10,914 
Sales and marketing2,140 2,499 
General and administrative17,427 19,806 
Total share-based compensation expense$29,289 $33,746 

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During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we capitalized share-based compensation expense of $1.3 million and $1.0 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, total unrecognized share-based compensation expense was approximately $113.1 million, which is expected to be recognized over the remaining weighted-average vesting period of approximately 1.8 years.

The following table presents activity for outstanding RSUs and PSUs:
 RSUs and PSUs Outstanding
 Shares OutstandingWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Balance at December 31, 202310,065,783 $23.63 
Granted225,385 9.50 
Released(1,361,503)25.19 
Forfeited(853,434)35.90 
Balance at March 31, 20248,076,231 21.67 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

You should read the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements (unaudited)” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition to historical consolidated financial information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. See the section titled “Note about Forward-Looking Statements” for additional information. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Overview

Millions of people all around the world learn with Chegg. No matter the goal, level, or style, Chegg helps learners learn with confidence. We provide 24/7 on-demand support, and our personalized learning assistant leverages the power of artificial intelligence (“AI”), more than a hundred million pieces of proprietary content, as well as a decade of learning insights. Our platform also helps learners build essential life and job skills to accelerate their path from learning to earning, and we work with companies to offer learning programs for their employees.

Our long-term strategy is centered upon our ability to utilize our Subscription Services to increase student engagement with our learning platform. We continue to invest in the expansion of our offerings and technology platform to provide a more compelling and personalized solution and deepen engagement with students. As AI technologies continue to advance, we are taking advantage of the increased opportunities by leveraging new tools to better serve our students. We realigned our investments and resources around AI in 2023, and have redesigned our user experience, developed our own large language models, launched automated solutions and built proprietary algorithms to optimize the quality and accuracy of our content to build our personalized learning assistant. We remain focused on rolling out enhancements and features that will deliver an even richer personalized learning assistant. We believe the investments we have made will allow us to maintain strong operating margins and cash flows and enable us to return to revenue growth over time. Our ability to achieve these long-term objectives is subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, which are described in greater detail in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors.”

During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we generated net revenues of $174.4 million and $187.6 million, respectively.

We have presented revenues for our two product lines, Subscription Services and Skills and Other, based on how students view us and the utilization of our products by them. More detail on our two product lines is discussed in the next two sections titled “Subscription Services” and “Skills and Other.”

Subscription Services

Our Subscription Services can be accessed internationally through our websites and on mobile devices and include Chegg Study Pack, Chegg Study, Chegg Writing, Chegg Math, and Busuu and students typically pay to access our Subscription Services on a monthly basis. Revenues from our Subscription Services are primarily recognized ratably over the monthly subscription period whereas the number of subscribers are determined as those who have paid to access our services at any time during the period. Changes in revenues are primarily related to changes in subscribers however they may not necessarily coincide as a result of timing. Our Chegg Study subscription service provides access to personalized, step-by-step learning support powered by AI, computational engines, and subject matter experts. When students need writing help, including plagiarism detection scans and creating citations for their papers, they can use our Chegg Writing subscription service. Our Chegg Math subscription service, including Mathway, helps students understand math by providing a step-by-step math solver and calculator. We also offer our Chegg Study Pack as a premium subscription bundle of our Chegg Study, Chegg Writing, and Chegg Math services. Subscribers to Busuu have access to a premium language learning platform that offers comprehensive support through self-paced lessons, live classes with expert tutors and a huge community of members to practice alongside.

In the aggregate, Subscription Services revenues were 88% and 90% of net revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

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Skills and Other

Our Skills and Other product line includes revenues from Skills, advertising services, print textbooks and eTextbooks. Our skills-based learning platform offers professional courses focused on the latest technology skills. We work with leading brands and programmatic partners to deliver advertising across our platforms. We also provide a platform for students to rent or buy print textbooks and eTextbooks, which helps students save money compared to the cost of buying new.

In the aggregate, Skills and Other revenues were 12% and 10% during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.

Seasonality of Our Business

Revenues from Subscription Services are primarily recognized ratably over the subscription term which has generally resulted in our highest revenues and profitability in the fourth quarter as it reflects more days of the academic year. Certain variable expenses, such as marketing expenses, remain highest in the first and third quarters such that our profitability may not provide meaningful insight on a sequential basis. As a result of these factors, the most concentrated periods for our revenues and expenses do not necessarily coincide, and comparisons of our historical quarterly results of operations on a sequential basis may not provide meaningful insight into our overall financial performance.

Results of Operations
The following table presents our historical condensed consolidated statements of operations (in thousands, except percentage of total net revenues):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20242023
Net revenues$174,350 100 %$187,601 100 %
Cost of revenues(1)
46,497 27 49,150 26 
Gross profit127,853 73 138,451 74 
Operating expenses:  
Research and development(1)
44,435 26 46,907 25 
Sales and marketing(1)
30,375 17 37,017 20 
General and administrative(1)
55,534 32 58,973 31 
Total operating expenses130,344 75 142,897 76 
Loss from operations(2,491)(2)(4,446)(2)
Total interest expense, net and other income, net10,130 10,808 
Income before provision for income taxes7,639 6,362 
Provision for income taxes(9,059)(5)(4,176)(2)
Net (loss) income$(1,420)(1)%$2,186 %
(1) Includes share-based compensation expense as follows:
Cost of revenues$513 $527 
Research and development9,209 10,914 
Sales and marketing2,140 2,499 
General and administrative17,427 19,806 
Total share-based compensation expense$29,289 $33,746 

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Three Months Ended March 31, 2024 and 2023
    
Net Revenues    

The following table presents our total net revenues for the periods shown for our Subscription Services and Skills and Other product lines (in thousands, except percentages):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
 20242023$%
Subscription Services$154,051 $168,440 $(14,389)(9)%
Skills and Other20,299 19,161 1,138 
Total net revenues$174,350 $187,601 $(13,251)(7)

Subscription Services revenues decreased $14.4 million, or 9%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, which was primarily due to an 8% decrease in subscribers who have paid to access our services. Skills and Other revenues increased $1.1 million, or 6%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, primarily due to pricing increases in our programmatic advertising services as well as our Chegg Skills offering.

Cost of Revenues

The following table presents our cost of revenues for the periods shown (in thousands, except percentages):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
 20242023$%
Cost of revenues(1)
$46,497 $49,150 $(2,653)(5)%
(1) Includes share-based compensation expense of:
$513 $527 $(14)(3)%

Cost of revenues decreased $2.7 million, or 5%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to the same period in 2023, which was primarily due to lower depreciation and amortization expense. Gross margins decreased to 73% during the three months ended March 31, 2024, from 74% during the same period in 2023.
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Operating Expenses

The following table presents our total operating expenses for the periods shown (in thousands, except percentages):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
20242023$%
Research and development(1)
$44,435 $46,907 $(2,472)(5)%
Sales and marketing(1)
30,375 37,017 (6,642)(18)
General and administrative(1)
55,534 58,973 (3,439)(6)
Total operating expenses$130,344 $142,897 $(12,553)(9)
(1) Includes share-based compensation expense of:
    
Research and development$9,209 $10,914 $(1,705)(16)%
Sales and marketing2,140 2,499 (359)(14)
General and administrative17,427 19,806 (2,379)(12)
Share-based compensation expense$28,776 $33,219 $(4,443)(13)

Research and Development

Research and development expenses decreased $2.5 million, or 5%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, which was primarily due to lower employee-related expenses, including share-based compensation expense. Research and development expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 26% during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 25% during the same period in 2023.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expenses decreased by $6.6 million, or 18%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to the same period in 2023. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower depreciation and amortization expense of $2.9 million, lower paid marketing expenses of $2.3 million, and lower employee-related expenses, including share-based compensation expense, of $1.1 million. Sales and marketing expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 17% during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 20% during the same period in 2023.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses decreased $3.4 million, or 6%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023. The decrease was primarily due to lower employee-related expenses, including share-based compensation expense, of $4.3 million, partially offset by higher professional fees of $1.2 million. General and administrative expenses as a percentage of net revenues were 32% during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 31% during the same period in 2023.

Interest Expense and Other Income, Net

The following table presents our interest expense and other income, net, for the periods shown (in thousands, except percentages):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
 20242023$%
Interest expense, net$(650)$(1,268)$618 (49)%
Other income, net10,780 12,076 (1,296)(11)
Total interest expense, net and other income, net$10,130 $10,808 $(678)(6)

Interest expense, net decreased $0.6 million, or 49%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, primarily due to the partial early extinguishments of our convertible senior notes in 2023.

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Other income, net decreased $1.3 million, or 11%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023, primarily due to a decrease in interest income of $4.3 million, partially offset by the gain on the sale of our strategic equity investment in Sound Ventures of $3.8 million.

Provision for income taxes

The following table presents our provision for income taxes for the periods shown (in thousands, except percentages):
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
 20242023$%
Provision for income taxes$(9,059)$(4,176)$(4,883)117 %

Provision for income taxes increased $4.9 million, or 117%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023. The increase was primarily due to the absence of the benefit of releasing uncertain tax positions in India in 2023 and a lower tax deduction associated with share-based compensation expense, partially offset by a decrease in federal and state income taxes in the United States.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The following table presents our cash, cash equivalents and investments and convertible senior notes as of the periods shown (in thousands, except percentages):
Change
 March 31, 2024December 31, 2023$%
Cash, cash equivalents and short-term and long-term investments
$612,425 $579,561 $32,864 %
Convertible senior notes, net(1)
600,377 599,837 540 
______________________________________
(1) Consists of the current and long-term portion of convertible senior notes, net.

Cash, cash equivalents, and investments increased $32.9 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily due to the net cash provided by operating activities of $53.3 million, partially offset by the purchases of property and equipment of $28.0 million. Convertible senior notes, net increased $0.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily due to amortization of issuance costs.

As of March 31, 2024, our principal sources of liquidity were cash, cash equivalents, and investments totaling $612.4 million, which were held for working capital purposes. The substantial majority of our net revenues are from e-commerce transactions with students, which are settled immediately through payment processors, as opposed to our accounts payable, which are settled based on contractual payment terms with our suppliers. We believe that our existing sources of liquidity will be sufficient to fund our operations and debt service obligations for at least the next 12 months. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including our rate of revenue growth, our investments in research and development activities, our acquisition of new products and services and our sales and marketing activities. To the extent that existing sources of liquidity are insufficient to fund our future operations, we may need to raise additional funds through public or private equity or debt financing. Additional funds may not be available on terms favorable to us or at all. If adequate funds are not available on acceptable terms, or at all, we may be unable to adequately fund our business plans and it could have a negative effect on our business, operating cash flows and financial condition. As of March 31, 2024, we have incurred cumulative losses of $53.8 million from our operations and we may incur additional losses in the future.

Most of our cash, cash equivalents, and investments are held in the United States. We plan to repatriate a portion of the earnings from our subsidiary in India and therefore accrued $4.0 million of tax expense related to such future distributions as of March 31, 2024. As a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, we anticipate the U.S. federal impact for the remaining foreign jurisdictions to be minimal if these funds are repatriated. In addition, based on our current and future needs, we believe our current funding and capital resources for our international operations are adequate.

There were no material changes in our commitments under contractual obligations, as disclosed in Part II, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

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The following table presents our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows data (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
 20242023
$
%
Net cash provided by operating activities$53,318 $73,160 $(19,842)(27)%
Net cash used in investing activities(40,814)(106,779)65,965 (62)%
Net cash used in financing activities(4,294)(158,902)154,608 (97)%

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased $19.8 million, or 27%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023. The decrease was primarily driven by lower net (loss) income of $3.6 million and a decrease in non-cash adjustments of $11.0 million which was primarily related to lower depreciation and amortization expense and lower share-based compensation expense.

Net cash used in investing activities decreased $66.0 million, or 62%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 and was primarily related to lower purchases of investments of $418.3 million and proceeds from the sale of our strategic investment of $15.5 million, partially offset by lower proceeds from the maturities of our investments of $357.0 million and higher purchases of property and equipment of $10.9 million.

Net cash used in financing activities decreased $154.6 million, or 97%, during the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 and was primarily related to the absence of repurchases of our common stock.

Critical Accounting Policies, Significant Judgments and Estimates

Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, costs and expenses and related disclosures. These estimates form the basis for judgments we make about the carrying values of our assets and liabilities, which are not readily apparent from other sources. We base our estimates and judgments on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions. Our actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

There have been no material changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2024 as compared to the critical accounting policies and estimates disclosed in Part II, Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

For relevant recent accounting pronouncements, see Note 1, “Background and Basis of Presentation,” of our accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements (unaudited)” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

There have been no material changes in our market risk during the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to the disclosures in Part II, Item 7A, “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a)Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, as of the end of the period covered by this report.

In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

Based on management’s evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to, and are effective to, provide assurance at a reasonable level that the information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

(b)Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation required by Rules 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act that occurred that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

We may from time to time be subject to certain legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business, including claims of alleged infringement of trademarks, patents, copyrights, and other intellectual property rights; employment claims; and general contract or other claims. We may also, from time to time, be subject to various legal or government claims, demands, disputes, investigations, or requests for information. Such matters may include, but not be limited to, claims, disputes, or investigations related to warranty, refund, breach of contract, employment, intellectual property, government regulation, or compliance or other matters. See Note 6, “Commitments and Contingencies,” of our accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1, “Financial Statements (unaudited)” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for more information on our legal proceedings.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

Our operations and financial results are subject to various risks and uncertainties, including those described in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and the trading price of our common stock. There have been no material changes in our risk factors from our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Unregistered Sales of Securities

We had no unregistered sales of our securities during the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Purchases of Securities by the Registrant and Affiliated Purchasers

The following table presents the securities repurchase activity during the three months ended March 31, 2024 (in thousands, except average price paid per security and total number of securities repurchased):
PeriodTotal Number of Securities RepurchasedAverage Price Paid Per Security
Total Number of Securities Purchased Pursuant to Publicly Announced Plan
Total Dollar Amount Purchased Pursuant to Publicly Announced Plan
Maximum Dollar Amount Remaining Available for Repurchase Pursuant to Publicly Announced Plan
As of December 31, 2023
— $— — $— $3,665 
January 1 - January 31
— — — — 3,665 
February 1 - February 29(1)
2,115,952 9.61 2,115,952 — 3,665 
March 1 - March 31
— — — — 3,665 
(1) The 2,115,952 shares of our common stock relate to the final delivery of our November 2023 accelerated share repurchase (ASR) agreement. The total dollar amount purchased pursuant to a publicly-announced plan is zero as we made an upfront payment of $150.0 million in November 2023.

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

Rule 10b5-1 Trading Plans

During the three months ended March 31, 2024, none of our Section 16 officers or directors adopted or terminated a “Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement” or “non-Rule 10b5-1 trading arrangement” as defined in Item 408 of Regulation S-K during the covered period.
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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
    Incorporated by Reference
Exhibit
No.
Exhibit  Form  File No  Filing Date  Exhibit No.  Filed
Herewith
X
X
              X
              X
              X
101.INSInline XBRL Instance Document              X
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema              X
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation              X
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels              X
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation              X
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition              X
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).X
*Indicates a management contract or compensatory plan.
**This certification is deemed not filed for purposes of section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act), or otherwise subject to the liability of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act.
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
 CHEGG, INC.
April 29, 2024By:  /S/ DAVID LONGO
   David Longo
   Chief Financial Officer
(Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)
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