10-K 1 chpt-20240131.htm 10-K chpt-20240131
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________
FORM 10-K
___________________________________
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission file number 001-39004
___________________________________
ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
___________________________________
Delaware84-1747686
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
240 East Hacienda Avenue
Campbell, CA
95008
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
(408) 841-4500
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001
CHPT
New York Stock Exchange
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Shares
(Title of class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes No
The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on July 31, 2023, the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, based on the closing price of $8.66 for shares of the Registrant’s common stock as reported by the New York Stock Exchange, was approximately $2.7 billion. Shares of common stock beneficially owned by each executive officer, director, and their affiliated holders have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
The registrant had outstanding 423,359,511 shares of common stock as of March 19, 2024.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s definitive proxy statement relating to its 2024 annual meeting of shareholders (the “2024 Proxy Statement”) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K where indicated. The 2024 Proxy Statement will be filed with the U.S. Securities Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year to which this report relates.


Table of Contents
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This annual report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”) includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These forward-looking statements could include, among other things statements regarding the future financial performance of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. (“ChargePoint” or the “Company,” or “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms), as well as ChargePoint’s strategy, future operations, future operating results, financial position, and resources, expectations regarding revenue, losses, costs, margins and prospects, as well as management plans and objectives. All statements, other than statements of present or historical fact included in this Annual Report, are forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “continue,” “project” or negatives of such terms and other similar expressions that predict or indicate future events or trends or that are not statements of present or historical matters. These statements are based on various assumptions, whether or not identified herein, and on the current expectations of ChargePoint’s management and are not predictions of actual performance. These forward-looking statements are provided for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to serve as, and must not be relied on by any investor as, a guarantee, an assurance, a prediction or a definitive statement of, fact or probability. Actual events and circumstances are difficult or impossible to predict and may differ from assumptions, and such differences may be material. Many actual events and circumstances are beyond the control of ChargePoint. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about ChargePoint that may cause the actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. If any of these risks materialize or ChargePoint’s assumptions prove incorrect, actual results could differ materially from the results implied by these forward-looking statements. There may be additional risks that ChargePoint does not presently know or that ChargePoint currently believes are immaterial that could also cause actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements. In addition, forward-looking statements reflect ChargePoint’s expectations, plans or forecasts of future events and views as of the date hereof. ChargePoint anticipates that subsequent events and developments will cause ChargePoint’s assessments to change. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing ChargePoint’s assessments as of any date subsequent to the date hereof. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed upon the forward-looking statements. ChargePoint cautions you that these forward-looking statements are subject to numerous risk and uncertainties, most of which are all difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the control of ChargePoint.
The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from forward-looking statements:
ChargePoint experiences delays in new product introductions or adoption;
ChargePoint’s ability to expand its business in Europe and the United States;
the electric vehicle (“EV”) market and deliveries of passenger and fleet vehicles may not grow as expected;
ChargePoint may not attract a sufficient number of EV fleet owners or operators as customers;
incentives from governments or utilities may not materialize or may be reduced, which could reduce demand for EVs, or the portion of regulatory credits that customers claim may increase, which would reduce ChargePoint’s revenue from such incentives;
the impact of competing technologies or technological changes that result in reduced demand for EVs or other adverse effects on the EV market or our business;
data security breaches or other network outages;
ChargePoint’s ability to remediate its material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting;
ChargePoint’s success in retaining or recruiting, or changes in, its officers, key employees or directors;
changes in applicable laws or regulations;
the impact of actual or threatened litigation;
ChargePoint’s ability to maintain a strong balance sheet and to raise capital as needed to support its business and pursue growth opportunities;
ChargePoint’s ability to integrate acquired assets and businesses into ChargePoint’s own business and the expected benefits from acquired assets to ChargePoint, its customers and its market position; and
the possibility that ChargePoint may be adversely affected by other economic factors including macroeconomic conditions such as inflation, rising interest rates, geopolitical factors, foreign exchange volatility, adverse
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developments in the financial service industry, slower growth or recession or other business factors or other competitive factors.
The foregoing review of important factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other risk factors included herein. Forward-looking statements reflect current views about ChargePoint’s plans, strategies and prospects, which are based on information available as of the date of this Annual Report. Except to the extent required by applicable law, ChargePoint undertakes no obligation (and expressly disclaims any such obligation) to update or revise the forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
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PART I
Item 1. Business.
ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. (“ChargePoint”) is a leading electric vehicle (“EV”) charging technology solutions provider. ChargePoint is broadly driving the shift to electric mobility by providing networked charging solutions in North America and Europe across commercial (e.g., retail, workplace, hospitality, parking, recreation, municipal, education and highway fast charge), fleet (e.g., delivery, take home, logistics, motor pool, transit and shared mobility) and residential (e.g., single family homes and multi-family apartments and condominiums) verticals. As of January 31, 2024, ChargePoint has activated approximately 286,000 ports on its network, including approximately 24,000 direct current, or “DC,” “fast charging” ports, excluding single family home ports. ChargePoint’s roaming integrations enable EV drivers to access more than 631,000 additional third-party ports in North America and Europe through ChargePoint’s mobile and in-dash applications.

ChargePoint sells networked charging hardware, connected through cloud-based software services (“Cloud” or “Cloud Services”) and supported by extended parts and labor warranty solutions (“Assure”). ChargePoint sells these solutions to commercial, fleet and residential customers to enable electrification, and has developed a strong network of channel partners and distributors to support its growth. Historically, ChargePoint has not sold networked charging hardware without its software, typically does not own or operate EV charging assets, does not monetize drivers, and does not rely upon profits from the sale of electricity. By pursuing this “capital light” business model, ChargePoint has been able to focus its investments on research and development of its diverse portfolio of networked Level 2, or alternating current (“AC”), and Level 3 DC fast charging hardware, and its software solutions for drivers, hosts and fleet operators, while simultaneously scaling active networked ports more cost efficiently as compared to other models in the EV industry, where the charging station operator, or “CPO,” deploys its capital to purchase, install and manage the charging stations, owns and operates the charging station and depends upon profits on the sale of electricity for its return on capital deployed. Finally, ChargePoint believes its go-to-market strategy of ensuring site owners or CPOs have full control over branding, access, pricing and policies enables them to provide their employees and customers with a better charging experience.

ChargePoint’s networked charging solutions can charge most types of EVs—from cars, trucks and delivery vehicles to buses and 18-wheelers—regardless of manufacturer or connector type, most recently adding SAE J3400, formerly known as the North American Charging Standard or NACS, connector options to both commercial and home chargers. ChargePoint supports all leading connector types and believes it will benefit directly and proportionately from the broad trend in vehicle electrification because the breadth of its solutions means it does not need to identify which vehicles will come to market first nor which segments or manufacturers will be successful. ChargePoint has historically seen a correlation between new passenger EV sales in North America and its charging port growth in North America, which gives ChargePoint confidence in its growth prospects going forward as its verticals and geographic markets continue to go electric.
The ChargePoint Model and Network Effect for EV Fueling
ChargePoint believes fueling EVs is radically different from the current “gas station” model for fueling traditional gas-powered vehicles. Passenger vehicles spend 95% of their time parked, and most fleet vehicles also have substantial “dwell time.” This driver behavior is the impetus behind ChargePoint’s deployment of AC chargers (for longer dwell-time sessions) in addition to DC fast charging ports (for shorter dwell-time sessions). Unlike gasoline, electricity is pervasively and safely distributed, so fueling can shift to a model where vehicles charge where they are parked and while their drivers—individual or fleet—are engaged in other activities.
ChargePoint believes EV charging will principally transition from an inconvenient, dedicated fueling stop at a destination to convenient charging mapped to the dwell time, and for certain fleet applications, the size and route requirements, of the vehicle. These factors in turn drive the selection of charging solutions, since DC ports are significantly more expensive than AC ports to purchase, install and operate due to the higher charging rate. In short, ChargePoint believes customers want to choose the most cost-effective solutions for their vehicle charging applications, which can be AC or DC only or a blend, based on their specific needs. ChargePoint has developed a comprehensive platform of AC and DC charging products, Cloud subscriptions, Assure warranty coverages and professional services designed to ensure it can cost effectively deliver the solutions that best meet the customer’s specific requirements.
From a network effect perspective, ChargePoint’s goals are ubiquity, accessibility, usability and reliability. Charging infrastructure should be broadly distributed, easily found, easy to use and should always work. ChargePoint believes its ports under management and roaming relationships support one of the largest and growing networks of EV charging infrastructures available. Charging ports are easily located via ChargePoint’s mobile and in-dash applications, and ChargePoint’s networked hardware is easy to use through those applications and to manage via its Cloud Services provided to hosts. And most importantly, ChargePoint’s networked hardware is designed for high uptime, monitored and managed through its Cloud application, and supported via its customer support organization and a large network of service partners. These attributes and mobile and in-dash applications create a charging network that encourages hosts and drivers to expand with ChargePoint.
The Portfolio
ChargePoint primarily generates revenue through the sale of networked charging hardware combined with its Cloud Services billed as a subscription. ChargePoint also provides an extended parts and labor warranty, Assure, as an annual subscription. These products are available to commercial and fleet customers as software-only or a combination of software, hardware, and extended parts and labor warranty solutions. ChargePoint offers both an upfront sale of the charging station hardware with separate subscriptions for
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Cloud Services and Assure, or ChargePoint as a Service, referred to as CPaaS, in which charging station hardware, Cloud Services and Assure are bundled into a multi-year or annual subscription.
Hardware Portfolio Powered by Cloud Services. ChargePoint believes it offers among the industry’s leading hardware for AC and DC charging and does not sell these solutions without a Cloud Services subscription. ChargePoint’s solutions deliver differentiated features and high efficiency in power and footprint, with a modular and scalable architecture created for high availability, easy expansion and efficient serviceability. ChargePoint thoroughly tests its products, including interoperability checks for different types of EVs, for a range of functional, climate and environmental conditions and for high, long-term reliability. ChargePoint’s stations are available with customizable video and signage options for customers who want to promote their brand.
AC Solutions:
ChargePoint’s newest family of charging stations, the CP6000 series, is part of a complete commercial and fleet charging solution, including power management and enhanced maintenance services. The CP6000 family of charging stations are UL® and ENERGY STAR® certified as well as compliant with the ISO 15118 communication standard and can deliver up to 19.2kW per port. With standard connector options for SAE J1772 and, in 2024 SAE J3400, ChargePoint’s CP6000 charging stations can charge almost any EV model in North America.
ChargePoint’s CT4000 family of charging stations is UL® and ENERGY STAR® certified. All CT4000 models offer one or two standard SAE J1772 AC charging ports with locking holsters, capable of delivering up to 7.2kW per port.
ChargePoint’s AC solutions further includes the CPF50 family of charging station designed for use in fleet and multi-family applications and the ChargePoint Home Flex designed for fast, flexible home charging. Both the CPF50 and ChargePoint Home Flex are UL® and ENERGY STAR® certified with standard SAE J1772 or SAE J3400 AC charging ports making them safe, reliable, and energy efficient.
DC Solutions:
ChargePoint’s family of Express and Express Plus fast charging DC solutions are configurable and extensible solutions intended to serve high-powered charging applications necessary for fleet, interstate corridor, fueling, convenience and other fast charge applications. ChargePoint’s Express and Express Plus fast-charging DC solutions are compatible with global charging connector standards including CCS1, CCS2, SAE J3400 and CHAdeMO connector types and ISO communication standards. ChargePoint’s Express products can dispense up to 62.5kW per port and up to 500kW per port depending on configuration with Express Plus. Beginning in 2024, ChargePoint added a pantograph connector option for its family of Express Plus fast chargers designed specifically for bus fleet operations.
Advanced Cloud Services to Scale Charging Infrastructure. Cloud Services subscription enables commercial and fleet customers to manage charging in their parking lots and depots. Features are tuned for a variety of settings. Retailers can optimize charging station locations and pricing for foot traffic and loyalty. Employers and multi-family commercial real estate operators can make fueling an efficient benefit to attract talent or tenants. Parking operators can vary pricing to reflect market conditions, and fleet operators can manage use cases from having drivers take their own vehicles home every day to high-power, high-complexity centralized fleet depots. As of January 2024, ChargePoint received Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (“FedRAMP”) authorization. All ChargePoint Cloud Services products are FedRAMP-authorized and meet all FedRAMP requirements. These requirements include best-in-class data security, dedicated cloud hosting for federal customers, and rigorous standards for authorization, access, and continuous monitoring.
Cloud Services capabilities include the functionality below:
Station and site host management: making charging accessible to the public or select users, simplifying management of multiple charging sites and their parking policies, enabling sub-hosts, delivery of analytics, utilization reporting, remote diagnosis and updates with the latest software features.
Host pricing and payment remittance capabilities: enabling site hosts or station owners to set pricing, including support for pricing scenarios (e.g., by driver group, time of day, idle status, energy dispensed, by session). Remittance is possible to one or many accounts.
Energy management: enabling stations to share circuits, oversubscribing electrical panels to add more ports beyond the peak electrical capacity, and supporting the creation of advanced groups and rules which enable energy use policies. Energy management can be integrated with support for building load management and integration with utility load management programs.
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Driver management tools: enabling convenience features including specific user access via the ChargePoint connections system, the creation of driver groups to support a site host policy and waitlist or reservation features for drivers to reserve a place in line, among other features.
Integration with route planning systems for fleets: enabling on-budget deadline scheduling in accordance with energy rate structures and on-site energy storage. On-site and on-route charging are supported and fueling payment is facilitated by integration with leading fuel cards.
Cloud Service solutions for all use cases: enabling CPOs to choose ChargePoint’s Cloud Services while selecting their choice of third-party hardware or e-mobility services providers (“eMSPs”) to build and integrate their solutions with ChargePoint’s Cloud Services, provides an extensible solution to any CPO or eMSP. ChargePoint’s software platform enables charging station owners, CPOs and eMSPs to manage costs, optimize fleet operations, integrate loyalty programs and manage payments, all while empowering seamless integrations with customer workflows, fuel and fleet cards providers, payment processors, utilities, energy services and more.
ChargePoint believes that as EV penetration rises, so does the importance of Cloud Services to help manage charging complexity. Some examples include:
The ability for commercial customers to adjust the rate at which vehicles charge to match the natural parking duration at the site and to avoid peak or demand charges.
Charging infrastructure made available to the public during the day can be reserved for private fleets at night or to employees during the day and open to the public at night. Fleet software integrations also offer load control, charging scheduling and alerts to reduce cost and improve reliability. The software is designed to integrate with fuel management systems, fleet operations software and vehicle telematics to enable seamless integration into fleet processes.
Ecosystem integrations enable drivers to access charging functionality via in-vehicle infotainment systems, consumer mobile applications, payment systems, mapping tools, home automation assistants, fleet fuel cards, wearables and residential utility programs.
All ChargePoint commercial ports are integrated into one network available to drivers who can use the ChargePoint mobile application to find charging locations, check availability, start sessions, set up reservations for a charging station, pay for charging, use their ChargePoint account to roam across networks, access preferential pricing and loyalty offers and track the estimated avoidance of CO2 emissions in comparison to the use of liquid fuel.
Parts and Labor Warranty Subscriptions and Customer Support Foster Loyalty. ChargePoint offers the Assure warranty services which include proactive monitoring, fast response times, parts and labor warranty, expert advice and robust reporting. ChargePoint also provides phone support in multiple languages to both site hosts and drivers. Rising EV adoption creates more awareness and utilization. ChargePoint believes the quality of the ChargePoint experience generates driver satisfaction and therefore encourages customers to purchase additional networked chargers and Cloud Services, creating a virtuous cycle of growth from customers expanding their charging capacity.
Network Operations Center Improves Driver Experience. In August 2023, ChargePoint launched its Network Operations Center to address network reliability which is often considered to be a barrier to mainstream EV adoption. ChargePoint’s Network Operations Center features 24/7 proactive station monitoring and predictive analytics to find anomalies before the station owner or drivers notice them. ChargePoint’s Network Operations Center leverages multiple sources of driver feedback, including ChargePoint’s mobile app, calls to ChargePoint’s driver support line and social listening, to enhance the completeness of actionable insights, with the ultimate goal of driving charging station uptime. ChargePoint defines “uptime” as the percentage of ChargePoint charging ports which are capable of dispensing energy at any given moment.
Go to Market Strategy
ChargePoint sells networked charging solutions in North America and Europe, and as of January 31, 2024, its customer base includes 74% of the 2023 Fortune 50 list of companies. It is focused on three key verticals: commercial, fleet and residential.
Commercial: Commercial businesses already own or lease parking and many wish to electrify. These include retail centers, offices, medical complexes, schools, airports, municipalities, convenience stores, recreation centers and fast fueling sites, among others. ChargePoint believes commercial businesses view charging as essential and invest to attract tenants, employees, customers and visitors, generate direct and indirect income, and achieve sustainability goals. ChargePoint believes commercial businesses choose ChargePoint based on solution completeness (they are not responsible for being the integrator or support agent for drivers) and the quality that comes from designing hardware, software and services together. These customers benefit from drivers that are typically familiar with ChargePoint’s products and services, including access to a free, top-rated application, around-the-clock support, and integration to popular mapping platforms, payment systems and wearables. Brand awareness, education and demand marketing programs generate sales opportunities. ChargePoint accesses the commercial market via its direct sales force (inside and field teams) and channel partners.
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Fleet: Fleet customers are public and private organizations that operate vehicle fleets in delivery/logistics, sales/service/motor pool shared transit and ride-sharing service operators. ChargePoint believes these customers choose to electrify their fleets for economic reasons, as the comparative total cost of ownership compellingly favors electrification. EV charging solutions can help them design and fuel operations, manage operating costs and achieve sustainability goals. ChargePoint provides a flexible architecture of networked charging stations, Cloud Services subscriptions, professional services, support, monitoring and parts and labor warranties needed to support all use cases, from single vehicle take-home fleets to full-scale electrified depots. Importantly, with ChargePoint’s FedRAMP authorization, ChargePoint is well positioned to serve government-owned and privately-owned EV charging needs for federal fleets in furtherance of U.S. federal government EV charging objectives. ChargePoint accesses the fleet market via its direct sales force and channel partners.
Residential: ChargePoint offers residential EV charging solutions for drivers in single-family residences who want the convenience of fueling at home with the ability to optimize energy costs and full integration with the same mobile application they use for charging away from home. Residential charging solutions include the capability to manage grid load in conjunction with utility programs and EV fueling rate programs. ChargePoint accesses single-family residential opportunities through direct marketing to the consumer using proprietary and third-party e-commerce platforms, as well as through partnerships with utilities, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), car dealerships and insurance companies. For apartments and condominium settings, ChargePoint offers landlords and owner associations the ability to offer charging billed directly to the tenant. ChargePoint also offers customer support around-the-clock and in multiple languages. ChargePoint accesses this residential vertical via direct marketing and channel partners, including ChargePoint’s proprietary webstore and other e-commerce platforms across United States and Canada.
Because ChargePoint rarely owns and operates charging infrastructure, it is able to allocate capital strategically towards ChargePoint’s initiatives in research and development, marketing and sales and public policy.
Research and Development. With a singular focus on EV charging, ChargePoint offers a complete set of networked charging solutions for most EV charging use cases in North America and Europe.
Go to Market. ChargePoint has built a strong marketing and sales engine in North America and Europe, with an established direct sales channel, digital marketing capability and substantial channel sales. ChargePoint’s success is dependent in part upon establishing and maintaining relationships with a variety of channel partners that it utilizes to extend its geographic reach and market penetration. ChargePoint uses a two-tiered, indirect fulfillment model whereby ChargePoint sells its products and services to its distributors, which in turn sell to resellers, which then sell to end users. ChargePoint refers to these end users as its customers. ChargePoint anticipates that it will continue to rely on this two-tiered sales model in order to help facilitate sales of ChargePoint’s products and to grow its business internationally. ChargePoint also has nationwide and local partners who sell, install and maintain ChargePoint solutions.
Public Policy. ChargePoint has also supported early and sustained investments in government and utility relationships. ChargePoint advocates for policies that advance electric mobility and ensure a healthy industry with a focus on competition, innovation and customer choice, including:
Support for vehicle electrification policy and climate action, such as zero emission vehicle requirements, fossil fuel bans and transit electrification directives;
Partnership with North America’s leading utilities to scale the new electric fueling network, including enabling the resale of electricity, securing fast charging-friendly tariffs, developing make-ready programs, creating customer incentive programs and informing utility commission decisions and legislation; and
Reduction in barriers to infrastructure deployment including construction costs, permitting, building codes and right to charge policies for renters and tenants.
Competition
While ChargePoint believes that its capital-light business model and comprehensive offering of hardware and software solutions provides a distinct competitive advantage, ChargePoint has competitors in different sectors of the market, including: (i) manufacturers of non-networked hardware charging systems, such as Tesla, Inc., ABB Ltd., Siemens AG, Alpitronics GmbH Srl, Kempower Oyj, and Alfen N.V., (ii) software providers that offer solutions to access and manage non-networked hardware charging systems, such as Driivz Ltd., EV Connect, Inc., and Monta ApS and (iii) CPOs or auto OEMs that acquire access to sites and leverage first or third-party hardware and software to build out charging infrastructure to sell energy, such as EVgo, Inc., Electrify America, Blink Charging Co. and Tesla, Inc.
ChargePoint provides custom charging solutions tailored to fit the needs of our customers, whether that means purchasing ChargePoint’s comprehensive solution including hardware, software, services and support, or selecting ChargePoint’s Cloud software to integrate with third-party hardware of choice. While ChargePoint believes that the full functionality of its comprehensive suite of hardware and software provides the best customer experience, ChargePoint actively deploys ChargePoint Cloud software onto third-party hardware to fit the unique business needs of its customers. As primarily a non-asset owner, ChargePoint does not compete directly with CPOs.
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ChargePoint thus believes its primary differentiators are:
comprehensive and fully integrated Cloud Services stack for all AC and DC charging system solutions for each charging vertical – commercial, fleet and residential;
size and scale of its networked charging system, including roaming partners;
variety and quality of networked charging system product offerings for AC and DC applications;
reliable product performance, testing and certifications;
ease of use of its Cloud Services, mobile and in-dash driver applications and features;
brand awareness;
quality of driver and charging system owner support; and
scale of operations.
ChargePoint believes it competes favorably with respect to each of these factors.
North America
ChargePoint believes it leads the North America market in the sale of commercial AC chargers. ChargePoint also has a strong market position in AC chargers for use at home or multifamily settings and high-power DC chargers for fleet applications, urban fast charging, corridor or long-trip charging. While ChargePoint’s primary business model does not include owning and operating networked charging stations, ChargePoint does face competition from EV charging providers that also operate as CPOs, such as Blink Charging Co. and Tesla, Inc.
Europe
The market in Europe is highly fragmented in terms of both providers and solutions, with many companies providing hardware only or software only, and few providing both. ChargePoint believes its portfolio breadth and range of hardware and Cloud solutions position it well to succeed broadly in Europe, and thus has invested, and will continue to invest, heavily in its strategy to establish a successful pan-European presence that maps to major pan-European customers and provides a seamless experience for drivers as they travel. ChargePoint operates in Europe primarily by selling its proprietary networked charging stations or white-labeled third-party charging stations bundled with its Cloud Services. ChargePoint further provides software-only solutions by licensing its charging management system to eMSPs to serve as the backend or technology stack for eMSPs offering their own proprietary mobility and roaming services.
Growth Strategies
ChargePoint estimates it had approximately a 54% market share in publicly available networked AC charging in North America as of January 31, 2024. ChargePoint began European operations in late 2017 and currently operates in 18 European countries. It expects significant market opportunities for fleet solutions as fleet EVs begin to arrive in more meaningful volume. ChargePoint believes the breadth and quality of its networked EV charging solutions, market share and driver awareness typically lead to customer loyalty, whereby customers typically choose to expand their charging footprint with ChargePoint as EV penetration rises and/or charging utilization at their location increases. Over the years, ChargePoint’s customers have typically renewed their Cloud Services subscriptions and have expanded the number of charging ports they purchase from ChargePoint. Growth is also supported by comprehensive ecosystem integrations ChargePoint has enabled that keep the ChargePoint brand top of mind with drivers, including in-vehicle infotainment systems, consumer mobile applications, payment systems, mapping tools, home automation assistants, fleet fuel cards, wearables and residential utility programs.
ChargePoint’s growth strategies to continue to scale networked EV charging are as follows:
Accelerate alternative EV charging offerings. ChargePoint intends to maintain its leadership position with continued efficient investment in the development of charging station technologies and Cloud solutions. In addition, ChargePoint intends to expand its product offerings beyond its historical model of a site host or customer owning and operating charging as a capital expenditure.
Invest in expanding ChargePoint’s customer base. In both North America and Europe, ChargePoint intends to continue attracting new customers and pursuing a “land-and-expand” model which encourages existing customers to increase their charging footprint with ChargePoint over time as EV penetration increases.
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Accelerate Cloud Service solutions for all use cases. In both North America and Europe, ChargePoint intends to be the software enabler for CPOs, both CPOs who choose to use ChargePoint hardware and CPOs who choose to use third-party chargers, and for eMSPs looking to build and integrate their solutions with ChargePoint’s Cloud and charger management system backend.
Manufacturing, Logistics and Fulfillment
ChargePoint has historically designed its products in-house and outsourced production to contract manufacturers based in the United States, Mexico, Asia and Europe. The majority of its hardware products are manufactured in Mexico. Components are sourced from a number of global suppliers, with concentrations in the United States and Asia. ChargePoint deploys a global supply chain management team that works proactively with piece part and final assembly supply partners. That supply management team readies factories for new products, puts in place and monitors quality control points, plans ongoing production, issues purchase orders and coordinates deliveries to distribution hubs that ChargePoint manages in North America and Europe.
ChargePoint works with third-party fulfillment partners that deliver its charging stations from multiple locations, which it believes allows it to reduce order fulfillment time and shipping costs.
Seasonality
Almost all of ChargePoint’s commercial and fleet charging stations are installed and utilized outdoors and ChargePoint operates and conducts its sales primarily in the Northern Hemisphere. Seasonal changes and other weather-related conditions can affect the sales volumes and installation rates of ChargePoint’s products, primarily due to the impact of winter weather on construction timelines and delays. In addition, many of ChargePoint’s customers complete their annual budget approval cycle in ChargePoint’s fourth quarter. Therefore, the financial results for any quarter do not necessarily indicate the results expected for the fiscal year. Normally, the highest sales and earnings are in ChargePoint’s fourth quarter and the lowest are in its first quarter, commencing in February annually.
Government Regulation
ChargePoint’s business is subject to a changing framework of laws and regulations at the federal, state, regional and local level as well as in foreign jurisdictions. For example, substantially all of ChargePoint’s manufacturing operations are subject to complex trade, import and customs laws, regulations and tax requirements such as sanctions orders or tariffs. In addition, the countries in which ChargePoint’s products are manufactured or imported may from time to time impose additional duties, tariffs or other restrictions on ChargePoint’s imports or adversely modify existing restrictions. Changes in tax policy or trade regulations or the imposition of new tariffs on imported products, could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, results of operations and competitive position. State, regional and local regulations for installation of EV charging stations also apply to ChargePoint and vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and may include permitting requirements, inspection requirements, licensing of contractors and certifications as examples. Compliance with such regulation(s) may cause shipping, installation, or commissioning delays. ChargePoint is also subject to other complex foreign and United States laws and regulations related to anti-bribery and corruption laws, antitrust or competition laws and sanctions compliance, among others. ChargePoint has policies and procedures in place to promote compliance with these laws and regulations, however, government regulations are subject to change, and accordingly ChargePoint is unable to assess the possible effect of compliance with future requirements or whether ChargePoint’s compliance with such regulations, or failure to adequately comply, will adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, competitive position or ability to invest in capital expenditures in the future. As of January 2024, ChargePoint became one of the first providers of EV charging solutions to receive Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) authorization from the United States federal government. All ChargePoint Cloud products are now FedRAMP-authorized and meet all FedRAMP requirements. These requirements include best-in-class data security, dedicated cloud hosting for federal customers, and rigorous standards for authorization, access, and continuous monitoring.
OSHA
ChargePoint is subject to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, as amended (“OSHA”). OSHA establishes certain employer responsibilities, including maintenance of a workplace free of recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious injury, compliance with standards promulgated by OSHA and various record keeping, disclosure and procedural requirements. Various standards, including standards for notices of hazards, safety in excavation and demolition work and the handling of asbestos, may apply to ChargePoint’s operations. ChargePoint believes it is in full compliance with OSHA regulations.
Metrology
ChargePoint products are subject to regulations and certification requirements governing accuracy and other characteristics of embedded metrology for dispensing of electricity through charging stations. ChargePoint has received certification for some products in the European Union under the Measurement Instrument Directive (MID), in the United Kingdom under the Measurement Instrument Regulation (MIR), the United States under the National Type Evaluation Program (NTEP), and in California under the California Type Evaluation Program (CTEP) as regulated by the Department of Food and Agriculture Division of Measurement Standards. ChargePoint is in the process of seeking additional certifications on products in Germany and Canada. Field testing to validate meter accuracy may also be carried out by various government entities responsible for ensuring the accuracy of transactions based on measured quantities, similar to the way gasoline pumps or grocery store scales are audited.
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Privacy and Data Security Laws
ChargePoint is currently subject, and may in the future be subject, to numerous privacy and data security laws. For example, some U.S. states, members of the European Economic Area, the United Kingdom, Mexico, China, and many other jurisdictions in which ChargePoint operates or plans to operate have adopted some form of privacy and data security laws and regulations that impose significant compliance obligations.
In the European Economic Area (“EEA”), the processing of personal data (i.e., data which identifies an individual or from which an individual is identifiable) is governed by the EU General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679 (the “EU GDPR”). The UK has implemented the EU GDPR as the UK GDPR (together with the EU GDPR, the “GDPR”) which sits alongside the UK Data Protection Act 2018 and Switzerland has implemented similar laws. The GDPR has direct effect where an entity is established in the EEA/UK (as applicable) and has extra-territorial effect where an entity established outside of the EEA/UK (as applicable) processes personal data in relation to the offering of goods or services to individuals in the EEA/UK (as applicable) or the monitoring of their behavior.
The GDPR imposes obligations on companies which can vary depending on the role that company takes. These obligations include granting individuals certain rights over personal data about them or relating to them, requirements around the disclosures and choices provided to those individuals, obligations to maintain certain documentation and to ensure specific contractual provisions are in place where engaging a third party, and requirements to safeguard personal data and to notify certain personal data breaches.
The EU GDPR also prohibits the international transfer of personal data originating in the EEA to jurisdictions that the European Commission does not recognize as having an ‘adequate’ level of data protection unless a data transfer mechanism has been put in place or a derogation under the EU GDPR can be relied on. In July 2020, the Court of Justice of the EU (“CJEU”) in its Schrems II judgement limited how organizations could lawfully transfer personal data from the EEA to the U.S. by invalidating the EU-US Privacy Shield for purposes of international transfers and imposing further restrictions on the use of standard contractual clauses (“EU SCCs”), including a requirement for companies to carry out a transfer privacy impact assessment (“TIA”). A TIA, among other things, assesses laws governing access to personal data in the recipient country and considers whether supplementary measures that provide privacy protections additional to those provided under EU SCCs will need to be implemented to ensure an ‘essentially equivalent’ level of data protection to that afforded in the EEA. On October 7, 2022, U.S. President Biden introduced an Executive Order to facilitate a new Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Framework (“DPF”) and on 10 July 2023, the European Commission adopted its Final Implementing Decision granting the U.S. adequacy (“Adequacy Decision”) for EU-US transfers of personal data for entities self-certified to the DPF. Entities relying on EU SCCs for transfers to the U.S. are also able to rely on the analysis in the Adequacy Decision as support for their TIA regarding the equivalence of U.S. national security safeguards and redress.
The UK GDPR also imposes similar restrictions on transfers of personal data from the UK to jurisdictions that the UK Government does not consider adequate, including the U.S. The UK Government has published its own form of the EU SCCs, known as the International Data Transfer Agreement and an International Data Transfer Addendum to the new EU SCCs. The UK Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) has also published its own version of the TIA and guidance on international transfers, although entities may choose to adopt either the EU or UK-style TIA. Further, on September 21, 2023, the UK Secretary of State for Science, Innovation and Technology established a UK-U.S. data bridge (i.e., a UK equivalent of the Adequacy Decision) and adopted UK regulations to implement the UK-U.S. data bridge (“UK Adequacy Regulations”). Personal data may now be transferred from the UK under the UK-U.S. data bridge through the UK extension to the DPF to organizations self-certified under the UK extension to DPF. There is also a Swiss extension to the DPF.
Data protection supervisory authorities have the power under the EU GDPR to (amongst other things) impose fines for serious breaches of up to the higher of 4% of the organization’s annual worldwide turnover or €20.0 million. Individuals also have a right to compensation, as a result of an organization’s breach of the GDPR which has affected them, for financial or non-financial losses (e.g., distress).
The GDPR has increased ChargePoint’s responsibility and potential liability and ChargePoint may be required to put in place additional mechanisms to ensure compliance with the GDPR, which could divert management’s attention and increase its cost of doing business, and despite ChargePoint’s ongoing efforts to bring its practices into compliance with the GDPR, it may not be successful.
ChargePoint is also subject to the e-Privacy Directive and the EU member states’ additions to and implementation of the e-Privacy Directive. The e-Privacy Directive’s provisions include requirements concerning the use of cookies and other tracking technologies and the use of personal information in marketing, including requirements to obtain consent from individuals to receive unsolicited electronic marketing communications and the requirement to provide those individuals with the ability to opt-out of future communications. Similarly, the CAN-SPAM Act in the United States governs email marketing. These and other cookie, email and marketing regulations increase ChargePoint’s regulatory compliance obligations and risks.
Additionally, ChargePoint is governed by a California state privacy law called the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, (“CCPA”), as amended by the California Privacy Rights Act in 2020 (“CPRA”), which contains requirements similar to the GDPR for the handling of personal information of California residents. The CCPA establishes a privacy framework for covered businesses, including an expansive definition of personal information and data privacy rights for California residents. The CCPA includes a framework with potentially severe statutory damages and private rights of action. The CCPA requires covered companies to provide new disclosures to California consumers (as that word is broadly defined in the CCPA), and new ways for such consumers to opt-out of
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certain sales of personal information, and to allow for a new cause of action for data breaches. Moreover, the CPRA significantly modified the CCPA, including by imposing further requirements relating to data minimization and correction; expanding consumers’ rights, including the right to opt-out of the use of their personal information in online behavioral advertising and to opt-out of certain types of consumer profiling; and sunsetting exemptions for business-to-business personal information and employee information. The CPRA also created a new state agency vested with authority to implement and enforce the CCPA and the CPRA. This agency, known as the California Privacy Protection Agency (“CPPA”) is authorized to implement regulations, and has drafted broad and new privacy requirements in this role. New legislation proposed or enacted in various other states will continue to shape the data privacy environment nationally. For example, Virginia enacted the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (“CDPA”), which became effective on January 1, 2023, the Colorado Privacy Act (“CPA”) which became effective on July 1, 2023; the Utah Consumer Privacy Act (“UCPA”) which became effective December 1, 2023; and the Connecticut Data Privacy Act, which became effective on July 1, 2023. These state laws are similar to the CCPA and CPRA, but aspects of these state privacy statutes remain unclear, resulting in further legal uncertainty. Several states have also passed similar privacy laws that will become effective in 2024 or later, including Delaware, Indiana, Iowa, Montana, New Jersey, Oregon, Tennessee and Texas. The United States federal government is also considering legislation governing privacy and security issues, including the possibility of private rights of action. This creates legal uncertainty with respect to federal law as well as the impact such laws will have on state statutes. Additionally, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) engages in regulatory investigations of privacy and security practices that may violate Section 5(a) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, which prohibits unfair methods of competition, and unfair or deceptive acts or practices affecting commerce. These regulatory investigations can lead to consent decrees or litigation with the FTC and the Department of Justice. FTC consent decrees often mandate detailed privacy and security programs with annual audits for up to twenty years. Furthermore, state attorneys general may also join together to file lawsuits based on violations of applicable state privacy acts. In the event ChargePoint is subject to litigation, penalties, or enforcement actions pursuant to the GDPR, CCPA, CPRA, the FTC or applicable state laws, ChargePoint may be subject to fines and penalties, remediation measures which will divert management’s time and attention, as well as harm to its reputation.
The GDPR, CCPA, CPRA, and other state laws exemplify the vulnerability of ChargePoint’s business to the evolving regulatory environment related to personal data. Other states in the United States may pass or are considering privacy laws, and additional countries have in recent years implemented new privacy laws. ChargePoint’s compliance costs and potential liability may increase as the result of additional national and international regulatory requirements related to data privacy and data security.
Waste Handling and Disposal
ChargePoint is subject to laws and regulations regarding the handling and disposal of hazardous substances and solid wastes, including electronic wastes and batteries. These laws generally regulate the generation, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous waste, and may impose strict, joint and several liability for the investigation and remediation of areas where hazardous substances may have been released or disposed. For instance, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (“CERCLA”), also known as the Superfund law, in the United States and comparable state laws impose liability, without regard to fault or the legality of the original conduct, on certain classes of persons that contributed to the release of a hazardous substance into the environment. These persons include current and prior owners or operators of the site where the release occurred as well as companies that disposed or arranged for the disposal of hazardous substances found at the site. Under CERCLA, these persons may be subject to joint and several strict liability for the costs of cleaning up the hazardous substances that have been released into the environment, for damages to natural resources and for the costs of certain health studies. CERCLA also authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency and, in some instances, third-parties to act in response to threats to the public health or the environment and to seek to recover from the responsible classes of persons the costs they incur. ChargePoint may handle hazardous substances within the meaning of CERCLA, or similar state statutes, in the course of ordinary operations and, as a result, may be jointly and severally liable under CERCLA for all or part of the costs required to clean up sites at which these hazardous substances have been released into the environment.
ChargePoint also generates solid wastes, which may include hazardous wastes that are subject to the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (“RCRA”) and comparable state statutes. While RCRA regulates both solid and hazardous wastes, it imposes strict requirements on the generation, storage, treatment, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes. Certain components of ChargePoint’s products are excluded from RCRA’s hazardous waste regulations, provided certain requirements are met. However, if these components do not meet all of the established requirements for the exclusion, or if the requirements for the exclusion change, ChargePoint may be required to treat such products as hazardous waste, which are subject to more rigorous and costly disposal requirements. Any changes in the laws and regulations, or ChargePoint’s ability to qualify the materials it uses for exclusions under such laws and regulations, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s operating expenses.
Similar laws exist in other jurisdictions where ChargePoint operates. Additionally, in the EU, ChargePoint is subject to the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (“WEEE Directive”). The WEEE Directive provides for the creation of a collection scheme where consumers return electrical and electronic equipment waste to merchants, such as ChargePoint. If ChargePoint fails to properly manage such electrical and electronic equipment waste, it may be subject to fines, sanctions, or other actions that may adversely affect ChargePoint’s financial operations.
For more information on the potential impacts of government regulations affecting ChargePoint’s business, see “Risks Related to Legal Matters and Regulations” set forth under “Risk Factors” included under Part I, Item 1A.
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Research and Development
ChargePoint’s research and development team is responsible for designing, developing, manufacturing, testing and sustaining its products. ChargePoint has invested significant time and expenses into research and development for its networked charging platform technologies and for its Cloud software. ChargePoint’s ability to maintain and expand its leadership position in the EV charging market depends upon successfully maintaining and expanding its research and development activities. Historically, ChargePoint has designed and developed its hardware networked charging systems and Cloud software in-house. ChargePoint intends to expand its research and development activities through the use of third-party contract manufacturers and design service partners in order to accelerate its hardware development timelines and leverage engineering resources and best practices from leading original design manufacturers.
ChargePoint’s research and development teams are primarily located in the Company’s headquarters in Campbell, California, its facilities in Gurgaon and Bangalore, India, and its European locations in Radstadt, Austria, Amsterdam, Netherlands and Reading, the United Kingdom.
Intellectual Property
ChargePoint relies on a combination of patent, trademark, copyright, unfair competition and trade secret laws, as well as confidentiality procedures and contractual restrictions, to establish, maintain and protect its proprietary rights. ChargePoint’s success depends in part upon its ability to obtain and maintain proprietary protection for ChargePoint’s products, technology and know-how, to operate without infringing the proprietary rights of others, and to prevent others from infringing ChargePoint’s proprietary rights.
As of January 31, 2024, ChargePoint had 93 U.S. patents issued and 22 U.S. pending non-provisional patent applications, 24 U.S. pending design patent applications, and two U.S. provisional applications pending. Additionally, ChargePoint had 38 issued foreign patents and 13 foreign patent applications currently pending in various foreign jurisdictions. In addition, as of January 31, 2024, there were three pending Patent Cooperation Treaty applications. These patents relate to various EV charging station designs and/or EV charging functionality. Such issued patents and any patents derived from such applications or applications that claim priority from such applications, if granted, would be expected to expire between 2024 and 2047, excluding any additional term for patent term adjustments. ChargePoint cannot be assured that any of its patent applications will result in the issuance of a patent or whether the examination process will require ChargePoint to narrow the scope of the claims sought. ChargePoint’s issued patents, and any future patents issued to ChargePoint, may be challenged, invalidated or circumvented, may not provide sufficiently broad protection and may not prove to be enforceable inactions against alleged infringers.
ChargePoint enters into agreements with its employees, contractors, customers, partners and other parties with which it does business to limit access to and disclosure of its technology and other proprietary information. ChargePoint cannot be certain that the steps it has taken will be sufficient or effective to prevent the unauthorized access, use, copying or the reverse engineering of ChargePoint’s technology and other proprietary information, including by third-parties who may use its technology or other proprietary information to develop products and services that compete with ChargePoint’s. Moreover, others may independently develop technologies that are competitive with ChargePoint or that infringe on, misappropriate or otherwise violate its intellectual property and proprietary rights, and policing the unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property and proprietary rights can be difficult. The enforcement of ChargePoint’s intellectual property and proprietary rights also depends on any legal actions ChargePoint may bring against any such parties being successful, but these actions are costly, time-consuming and may not be successful, even when ChargePoint’s rights have been infringed, misappropriated or otherwise violated.
ChargePoint intends to continue to regularly assess opportunities for seeking patent protection for those aspects of its technology, designs and methodologies that ChargePoint believes provide a meaningful competitive advantage. However, ChargePoint’s ability to do so may be limited until such time as it is able to generate cash flow from operations or otherwise raise sufficient capital to continue to invest in ChargePoint’s intellectual property. For example, maintaining patents in the United States and other countries requires the payment of maintenance fees which, if ChargePoint is unable to pay, may result in loss of its patent rights. If ChargePoint is unable to pay these maintenance fees, its ability to protect its intellectual property or prevent others from infringing its proprietary rights may be impaired.
Human Capital Resources
As of January 31, 2024, ChargePoint had approximately 1,650 worldwide employees. ChargePoint’s talent is the foundation of its success. ChargePoint strives to become the employer of choice within its industry, facilitating the transition to electric mobility by placing its talent at the heart of its success. To achieve this mission, ChargePoint aims to develop its individual, team and leadership capabilities, attract the best talent from diverse backgrounds, retain its talent through a variety of means including competitive rewards and benefits, creating a winning culture, and engaging its talent by building a culture of feedback, inclusion and recognition. Key focus and investment areas to achieve this goal include, among others, diversity and inclusion, emphasis on ethical business practices, and employee safety and wellness.
Diversity and Inclusion. ChargePoint believes that by cultivating a diverse and inclusive workforce where employees can bring diversity of thought, background and experiences, ChargePoint will ultimately drive better business outcomes and drive value for the organization and customers. This commitment includes adopting policies and other initiatives designed to provide equal access to, and participation in, equal employment opportunities, programs, and services without regard to race, religion, color, national origin,
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disability, sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity. ChargePoint’s Compensation and Organizational Development Committee of its Board of Directors reviews and provides feedback on ChargePoint’s diversity and inclusion initiatives.
Ethical Business Practices. ChargePoint also fosters a strong corporate culture that promotes high standards of ethics and compliance for its business, including policies that set forth principles to guide employees, executives, and directors, such as its Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. In addition, ChargePoint has joined the Responsible Business Alliance (RBA) and adopted its Supplier Code of Conduct, which emphasizes business ethics in its supply chain through audit and oversight programs focused on promoting ethical and sustainable labor, health and safety, and environmental business practices. ChargePoint also maintains a whistleblower policy and anonymous hotline for the confidential reporting of any suspected policy violations or unethical business conduct on the part of its businesses, employees, executives, directors, or vendors.
Employee Safety and Wellness. ChargePoint provides various health and wellness resources to help its employees maintain and improve their well-being. In addition to health, medical and dental benefits, ChargePoint offers all employees access to several wellness offerings which provide a variety of mental and physical health solutions, therapy and coaching sessions, fertility, family forming and pregnancy support, virtual baby care, and mobile access to doctors.
Compensation and Benefits. ChargePoint offers competitive salaries and benefits programs such as medical, dental, and vision insurance, health and dependent care flexible spending accounts, a 401(k) plan, health savings account, life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment insurance, short-term and long-term disability insurance, and commuter benefits. Employees are also eligible to participate in its Employee Stock Purchase Program and discretionary equity awards program. ChargePoint designs its employee benefits programs to be competitive in relation to the market. ChargePoint adjusts its employee benefits programs as needed to retain key talent based upon regular monitoring of applicable laws and practices and the competitive market. In structuring these benefit programs, ChargePoint seeks to provide an aggregate level of benefits that are comparable to those provided by similar companies.
Available Information
The Company’s Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), are made available free of charge on ChargePoint’s website, investors.chargepoint.com as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In addition, the SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
An investment in ChargePoint’s securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision. ChargePoint’s business, prospects, financial condition, or operating results could be harmed by any of these risks, as well as other risks not known to ChargePoint or that it considers immaterial as of the date of this annual report on Form 10-K (the “Annual Report”). The trading price of ChargePoint’s securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment.
Summary of Principal Risks Associated with ChargePoint’s Business
ChargePoint operates in the early-stage market of EV adoption and has a history of losses and negative cash flows from operating activities, and expects to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the near term.
ChargePoint has experienced significant growth in recent periods in a rapidly evolving industry and expects to invest in growth for the foreseeable future. If it fails to manage growth effectively, its business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.
ChargePoint’s success depends on ChargePoint’s ability to improve its financial and operational performance and execute its business strategy.
ChargePoint currently faces competition from a number of companies and expects to face significant competition in the future as the market for EV charging develops.

If ChargePoint is unable to accurately anticipate market demand for its products, ChargePoint may have difficulty managing its production and inventory and ChargePoint's operating results could be harmed.

ChargePoint relies on a third-party channel partner network of distributors and resellers to generate a substantial amount of its revenue, and failure on the part of ChargePoint to continue to develop and expand this network may have an adverse impact on its business and prospects for growth.
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Failure to effectively expand ChargePoint’s sales and marketing capabilities could harm its ability to increase its customer base and achieve broader market acceptance of its solutions.
Adverse economic conditions or reduced spending by ChargePoint’s customers may adversely impact its business.
Supply chain disruptions, component shortages, manufacturing interruptions or delays could adversely affect ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand, lead to higher costs, and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.
ChargePoint relies on a limited number of suppliers and manufacturers for its charging stations. A loss of any of these partners could negatively affect its business.
ChargePoint’s business is subject to risks associated with construction, cost overruns and delays, and other contingencies that may arise in the course of completing installations, and such risks may increase in the future as ChargePoint expands the scope of such services with other parties.
If ChargePoint is unable to attract and retain key employees and hire qualified management, technical engineering and sales personnel, its ability to compete and successfully grow its business would be harmed.
ChargePoint has expanded operations internationally, particularly in Europe, which will expose it to additional tax, compliance, market and other risks.
Some members of ChargePoint’s management have limited experience in operating a public company.
ChargePoint may experience a disruption of its business activities due to senior executive transitions.
ChargePoint’s future revenue growth will depend in significant part on its ability to increase sales of its products and services to fleet operators.
Future sales of ChargePoint’s common stock (“Common Stock”) in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could reduce ChargePoint’s stock price, and any conversions of its unsecured Convertible Senior PIK Toggle Notes (the “2028 Convertible Notes”) will, and any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or any future convertible securities ChargePoint may issue could, dilute existing stockholders’ ownership.
ChargePoint has entered into a 2027 Revolving Credit Facility that imposes certain restrictions on its business and operations that may affect its ability to operate its business and make payments on its indebtedness.
ChargePoint may need to raise additional funds and these funds may not be available when needed or may not be available on terms that are favorable to ChargePoint.
ChargePoint has incurred substantial indebtedness that may decrease its business flexibility, access to capital, and/or increase its borrowing costs, and ChargePoint may still incur substantially more debt, which may adversely affect its operations and financial results.
ChargePoint is highly reliant on its networked charging solution and information technology systems and data, and those of its service providers and component suppliers, any of which systems and data may be subject to cyber-attacks, service disruptions or other security incidents, which could result in data breaches, loss or interruption of services, intellectual property theft, claims, litigation, regulatory investigations, significant liability, reputational damage and other adverse consequences.
Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking, phishing attacks and similar disruptions could result in security and privacy breaches and interruption in service, which could harm ChargePoint’s business.
Acquisitions or strategic investments could be difficult to identify and integrate, divert the attention of key management personnel, disrupt ChargePoint’s business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.
ChargePoint’s business is subject to risks associated with natural disasters and the adverse effects associated with climate change, including earthquakes, wildfires, or other types of natural disasters or resource shortages, including public safety power shut-offs that have occurred and may continue to occur in California, the effects of which could disrupt and harm its operations and those of ChargePoint’s customers.
ChargePoint has never paid cash dividends on its capital stock and does not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.
The price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock may be subject to wide fluctuations and purchasers of ChargePoint’s Common Stock could incur substantial losses.
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ChargePoint’s future growth and success is highly dependent upon the continuing rapid adoption of EVs for passenger and fleet applications.
The EV market currently benefits from the availability of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives from governments, utilities and others to offset the purchase or operating costs of EVs and EV charging stations. The reduction, modification, or elimination of such benefits could cause reduced demand for EVs and EV charging stations, which would adversely affect ChargePoint’s financial results.
ChargePoint’s business may be adversely affected if it is unable to protect its technology and intellectual property from unauthorized use by third parties.
ChargePoint has previously identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements contained within ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations.
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Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Business
ChargePoint operates in the early-stage market of EV adoption and has a history of losses and negative cash flows from operating activities, and expects to incur significant expenses and continuing losses for the near term.
ChargePoint incurred net losses of $457.6 million, $345.1 million, and $132.2 million for the fiscal years ended January 31, 2024, 2023, and 2022, respectively. As of January 31, 2024 and 2023, ChargePoint had an accumulated deficit of $1,614.4 million and $1,156.8 million, respectively. ChargePoint incurred negative cash flows from operating activities of $328.9 million, $267.0 million, and $157.2 million, respectively, for the fiscal years ended January 31, 2024, 2023, and 2022, respectively.
ChargePoint believes it will continue to incur significant operating expenses and net losses in future quarters for the near term. There can be no assurance that it will be able to achieve or maintain profitability in the future. ChargePoint’s potential profitability is particularly dependent upon the continued adoption of EVs by consumers and fleet operators and the widespread adoption of electric fleets, other vehicles and other electric transportation modalities, each of which are still in the very early stages of adoption and may not occur with the volume and timing that ChargePoint expects.
ChargePoint has experienced significant growth in recent periods in a rapidly evolving industry and expects to invest in growth for the foreseeable future. If it fails to manage growth effectively, its business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.
ChargePoint operates in the evolving EV mobility industry that is characterized by rapid and unpredictable shifts in technological innovation and leaders, intense competition, changing EV adoption rates and customer preferences, evolving and shifting production and manufacturing plans from EV manufacturers, and frequent introductions of new products, technologies, and services. ChargePoint may not be able to adapt to the dynamic nature of the evolving EV mobility industry, sustain the pace of improvements to its products successfully or implement systems, processes, and controls in an efficient or timely manner or in a manner that does not negatively affect the results of its operations. ChargePoint has grown significantly in recent periods and, as a result, ChargePoint has a relatively short history operating its business at its current scale. The growth and expansion of its business has placed and continues to place a significant strain on management, operations, financial infrastructure and corporate culture. To manage growth in operations and personnel, ChargePoint will need to continue to improve its operational, financial and management controls and reporting systems and procedures. Failure to manage growth effectively could result in difficulty or delays in attracting new customers, declines in quality or customer satisfaction, increases in costs, difficulties in introducing new products and services or enhancing existing products and services, loss of customers, inability to retain or hire new employees effectively, information security vulnerabilities or other operational difficulties, any of which could adversely affect its business performance and operating results.
In the event of further growth, ChargePoint must continue to improve and expand its information technology and financial infrastructure, security and compliance requirements, operating and administrative systems, relationships with various partners and other third parties, and its ability to manage headcount and processes in an efficient manner to manage its growth effectively. ChargePoint’s information technology systems and ChargePoint’s internal control over financial reporting and procedures may not be adequate to support its operations and may introduce opportunities for data security incidents that may interrupt business operations and permit bad actors to obtain unauthorized access to business information or misappropriate funds. ChargePoint may also face risks to the extent such bad actors infiltrate the information technology infrastructure of its contractors.
ChargePoint has encountered, and will continue to encounter, risks and uncertainties frequently experienced by growing companies in evolving industries. In addition, ChargePoint’s future growth rate is subject to a number of uncertainties, such as general economic and market conditions. In particular, ChargePoint has limited experience operating its business at its current scale under economic conditions characterized by high inflation or in recessionary or uncertain economic environments. General economic and market conditions, consumer preferences, market demand, governmental and legislative initiatives or lack thereof, may diminish the rate of EV adoption or result in delays by EV manufacturers to transition their manufacturing to mostly or exclusively electric vehicles or cause EV manufacturers to eliminate their plans to transition to predominately EV manufacturing, and if such factors exist or persist, the demand for ChargePoint’s products and services could be adversely affected. If ChargePoint’s assumptions regarding these risks and uncertainties are incorrect or change in reaction to changes in the market or the economy, or if ChargePoint does not address these risks successfully, ChargePoint’s results of operations could differ materially from its expectations, and ChargePoint’s business, results of operations, and financial condition would be adversely affected.

ChargePoint’s success depends on ChargePoint’s ability to improve its financial and operational performance and execute its business strategy.
If ChargePoint fails to implement its business strategy, its financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. ChargePoint’s future financial performance and success depend in large part on its management team’s ability to successfully implement its business strategy. ChargePoint’s management team may not successfully implement its business strategy or be able to continue improving ChargePoint’s operating results. In particular, ChargePoint’s management team may not be able to successfully execute ongoing, or any future, operational efficiency programs or operating cost savings initiatives, customer satisfaction and product performance initiatives or implement ChargePoint’s strategic software platform initiatives. Implementation of ChargePoint’s business strategy may be impacted by factors outside of its control, including competition, national and international automotive industry trends, component price fluctuations, industry, legal and regulatory changes or developments and general economic and political conditions.
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Furthermore, ChargePoint may decide to alter or discontinue certain aspects of its business strategy at any time. Any failure on the part of ChargePoint’s management team to successfully implement ChargePoint’s business strategy could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint currently faces competition from a number of companies and expects to face significant competition in the future as the market for EV charging develops.
The EV charging market is relatively new and competition is still developing. Generally, ChargePoint competes with manufacturers of non-networked hardware charging systems, software providers that offer solutions to access and manage non-networked hardware charging systems, and CPOs or auto OEMs that acquire access to sites and leverage first or third-party hardware and software to build out charging infrastructure to sell energy. Large early-stage markets require early engagement across verticals and customers to gain market share, and ongoing effort to scale channels, installers, teams and processes. In Europe particularly, some customers require solutions not yet available and ChargePoint’s entrance into Europe requires establishing itself against existing competitors. In addition, there are multiple competitors in North America and Europe with limited funding, which could cause poor user experiences, hampering overall EV adoption or trust in any particular provider.
In addition, there are other means for charging EVs, which could affect the level of demand for onsite charging capabilities at businesses. For example, Tesla Inc. continues to build out its supercharger network across the United States for its vehicles and has opened its supercharger network up to non-Tesla EVs, which could reduce overall demand for EV charging at other sites, including ChargePoint’s. In addition, many of the major EV manufacturers have recently announced the adoption of the SAE J300, formerly known as North American Charging Standard or NACS as the standard charging port for their future EV models. Widespread adoption of SAE J300 by EV manufacturers may mean use of EV charging networks, including ChargePoint’s, that historically make use of other charging port standards such as the Combined Charging System (“CCS”) or CHAdeMO, less desirable in the future unless owners or operators of such charging stations retrofit or upgrade their charging stations to be SAE J3400 enabled. In addition to competition from established EV charging station network providers, third-party contractors can provide basic electric charging capabilities to potential customers seeking to have on premises EV charging capability or individual customers seeking home charging. Finally, many EV charging manufacturers, including ChargePoint, are offering home charging equipment, which could reduce demand for on premise charging capabilities of potential customers and reduce the demand for onsite charging capabilities if EV owners find charging at home to be sufficient.
Further, ChargePoint’s current or potential competitors may be acquired by third-parties with greater available resources or may have ready access to the capital markets for additional funding. As a result, competitors may be able to respond more quickly and effectively than ChargePoint to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards or customer requirements and may have the ability to initiate or withstand substantial price competition. ChargePoint’s competitors, either as the result of such competitor’s market position, available human and capital resources advantages or industrial scale may be able to influence general governmental policy, both in North America and Europe, with respect to EV adoption or the overall market for EV charging. In addition, competitors may in the future establish cooperative relationships with vendors of complementary products, technologies or services to increase the availability of their solutions in the marketplace. This competition may also materialize in the form of costly intellectual property disputes or litigation involving ChargePoint. If ChargePoint fails to compete with third-parties with greater available resources, is unable to successfully influence state, local and federal governmental policies with respect to the EV charging market like its competitors or successfully partner with cooperative industry efforts in the EV charging market its growth and revenue will be limited which would adversely affect its business and results of operations.
New competitors or alliances may emerge in the future that have greater market share, more widely adopted proprietary technologies, greater marketing expertise and greater financial resources, which could put ChargePoint at a competitive disadvantage. Future competitors could also be better positioned to serve certain segments of ChargePoint’s current or future target markets, which could create price pressure. In light of these factors, even if ChargePoint’s offerings are more effective and higher quality than those of its competitors, current or potential customers may accept competitive solutions. If ChargePoint fails to adapt to changing market conditions or continue to compete successfully with current charging providers or new competitors, its growth and revenue will be limited which would adversely affect its business and results of operations.
If ChargePoint is unable to accurately anticipate market demand for its products, ChargePoint may have difficulty managing its production and inventory and ChargePoint's operating results could be harmed.
ChargePoint derives a substantial portion of its overall revenue from the sale of networked charging systems. ChargePoint believes the penetration of EVs in the United States and Europe is heavily reliant on EV availability, consumer adoption of EVs, the availability and reliability of EV infrastructure and government mandates and incentive programs tied to EV adoption. Any sustained downturn in demand for EVs or EV infrastructure, such as decreased demand in EV charging stations, would harm ChargePoint’s business. For example, increased interest rates, an overall slowdown in economic activity, a recession or the possibility of a recession in the United States or Europe may decrease overall demand for EVs or EV infrastructure such as ChargePoint’s networked charging systems. Any prolonged decrease in demand for networked charging systems, or any delays in discretionary purchases of EV infrastructure, such as charging stations, by commercial, fleet or residential consumers may result in slowing growth or decreased
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revenue for ChargePoint which may adversely affect its gross margins and could materially adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.
ChargePoint seeks to maintain sufficient levels of inventory in order to avoid supply interruptions and keep sufficient amounts of finished products on hand while also avoiding accumulating excess inventory which increases working capital needs and lowers gross margin. To ensure adequate inventory supply and manage ChargePoint's operations with its third-party manufacturers and suppliers, ChargePoint forecasts material requirements and demand for its products in order to predict future inventory needs and then places orders with its suppliers based on these predictions. ChargePoint's ability to accurately forecast demand for its products could be negatively affected by many factors, including rapid or slowing growth, failure to accurately manage ChargePoint's expansion strategy, new product introductions by ChargePoint or its competitors, an increase or decrease in customer demand for ChargePoint products, ChargePoint's failure to accurately forecast customer acceptance of new products, unanticipated changes in general market conditions or regulatory matters, and the weakening of economic conditions or consumer confidence in future economic conditions. In addition, the majority of ChargePoint’s products are sold through its channel partners, distributors and resellers and, as a result, ChargePoint is highly reliant on the sales forecasting, sell-through activities and inventory management of its channel partners. If ChargePoint’s channel partners are not effective or efficient in forecasting sales, or sales of particular products, or managing their inventory levels or sell-through expectations then ChargePoint’s management of inventory levels, sales forecasts and parts ordering may be adversely affected which may harm ChargePoint’s financial conditions and results of operations.
Inventory levels in excess of customer demand may result in a portion of ChargePoint's inventory becoming obsolete, as well as inventory write-downs or write-offs. Conversely, if ChargePoint underestimates customer demand for its products or its own requirements for components, sub-assemblies, and materials, ChargePoint's third-party manufacturers and suppliers may not be able to deliver components, sub-assemblies, and materials to meet ChargePoint's standards, lead times or requirements, which could result in inadequate inventory levels or interruptions, delays, or cancellations of deliveries to ChargePoint's customers, any of which would damage its reputation, customer relationships, and business. In addition, several components, sub-assemblies, and materials incorporated into ChargePoint products require lengthy order lead times. As a result, additional supplies or materials may not be available on terms that are acceptable to ChargePoint or at all, and ChargePoint's third-party manufacturers and suppliers may not be able to allocate sufficient capacity in order to meet ChargePoint's increased requirements, any of which could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand for its products and results of operations. ChargePoint has recently experienced fluctuating demand for certain product lines, and if future sales of such product lines do not reach forecasted levels, ChargePoint could have excess inventory that it may need to hold for a long period of time, write down, sell at prices lower than expected or discard. For example, during the three months ended July 31, 2023 and October 31, 2023, ChargePoint incurred an adjustment of $28.0 million and $42.0 million, respectively, to address supply overruns related to product transitions and to better align inventory with current demand which contributed to ChargePoint’s decline in gross profit for the respective periods. If ChargePoint is not successful in managing its inventory, ChargePoint's business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
ChargePoint relies on a third-party channel partner network of distributors and resellers to generate a substantial amount of its revenue and failure on the part of ChargePoint to continue to develop and expand this network may have an adverse impact on its business and prospects for growth.
ChargePoint’s success is dependent in part upon establishing and maintaining relationships with a variety of channel partners that it utilizes to extend its geographic reach and market penetration, particularly in the United States. ChargePoint uses a two-tiered, indirect fulfillment model whereby ChargePoint sells its products and services to its distributors, which in turn sell to resellers, which then sell to end users. ChargePoint refers to these end users as customers. ChargePoint anticipates that it will continue to rely on this two-tiered sales model in order to help facilitate sales of ChargePoint’s products and to grow its business internationally. In the fiscal years ended January 31, 2024, 2023, and 2022, ChargePoint derived a majority of its billings from products and subscriptions sold through channel partners. ChargePoint’s agreements with its channel partners are non-exclusive and do not prohibit them from working with ChargePoint’s competitors or offering competing solutions, and some of ChargePoint’s channel partners may have more established relationships with ChargePoint’s competitors. Similarly, ChargePoint’s channel partners have no obligations to renew their agreements with ChargePoint on commercially reasonable terms or at all, and certain of the agreements governing these relationships may be terminated by either party at any time, with no or limited notice. If ChargePoint’s channel partners choose to place greater emphasis on products of their own or those offered by ChargePoint’s competitors or as a result of an acquisition, competitive factors or for other reasons do not continue to market and sell ChargePoint’s solutions in an effective manner or at all, ChargePoint’s ability to grow its business and sell its products may be adversely affected. In addition, ChargePoint’s failure to recruit additional channel partners, or any reduction or delay in their sales of ChargePoint solutions and subscriptions, including because of economic uncertainty, or due to conflicts between channel sales and ChargePoint’s direct sales force may harm ChargePoint’s results of operations. Finally, even if ChargePoint is successful in establishing and maintaining relationships with channel partners, these relationships may not result in greater customer usage of ChargePoint’s solutions and professional services or increased revenue.
Failure to effectively expand ChargePoint’s sales and marketing capabilities could harm its ability to increase its customer base and achieve broader market acceptance of its solutions.
ChargePoint’s ability to grow its customer base, achieve broader market acceptance, grow revenue, and achieve and sustain profitability will depend, to a significant extent, on its ability to effectively expand its sales and marketing operations and activities. Sales
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and marketing expenses represent a significant percentage of ChargePoint’s total revenue, and its operating results will suffer if sales and marketing expenditures do not contribute significantly to increasing revenue.
ChargePoint is substantially dependent on its channel partners and direct sales force to obtain new customers. ChargePoint plans to continue to expand its direct sales force both domestically and internationally but it may not be able to recruit, hire and retain a sufficient number of sales personnel, which may adversely affect its ability to expand its sales capabilities. New hires require significant training and time before they achieve full productivity, particularly in new sales territories. Recent hires and planned hires may not become as productive as quickly as anticipated and ChargePoint may be unable to hire or retain sufficient numbers of qualified individuals. Furthermore, hiring sales personnel in new countries can be costly, complex and time-consuming, and requires additional set up and upfront costs that may be disproportionate to the initial revenue expected from those countries. There is significant competition for direct sales personnel with strong sales skills and technical knowledge. ChargePoint’s ability to achieve significant revenue growth in the future will depend, in large part, on its success in recruiting, training, incentivizing and retaining a sufficient number of qualified direct sales personnel and on such personnel attaining desired productivity levels within a reasonable amount of time. ChargePoint’s business will be harmed if continuing investment in its sales and marketing capabilities does not generate a significant increase in revenue.
Adverse economic conditions or reduced spending by ChargePoint’s customers may adversely impact its business.
ChargePoint’s business depends on the economic health of its current and prospective customers and overall demand for EV charging infrastructure. In addition, the purchase of ChargePoint products and services is often discretionary and typically involves a significant commitment of capital and other resources. The United States, the European Union, and the United Kingdom have recently experienced historically high levels of inflation. In response to high levels of inflation and recession fears, the U.S. Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, and the Bank of England have raised and may maintain higher interest rates and implement fiscal policy interventions. Even if these interventions lower inflation, they may also reduce economic growth rates, create a recession, and have other similar effects. A further downturn in macroeconomic conditions, including rising inflation and interest rates; supply chain disruptions; global political and economic uncertainty; geopolitical tensions, such as the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict, conflicts in the Middle East and the possibility of conflict or sanctions between the United States and China; a lack of availability of credit; financial services sector instability; a reduction in business confidence and activity; and other factors have in the past, and may in the future, negatively affect the industries to which ChargePoint sells its products and services. ChargePoint’s customers may suffer from reduced operating budgets, which could cause them to defer, reduce, or forego purchases of ChargePoint’s products or services. Moreover, competitors may respond to market conditions by lowering prices, which may make the prices for ChargePoint’s products and services less competitive or cause ChargePoint to reduce its prices, which in turn may reduce ChargePoint’s gross margins and adversely affect ChargePoint’s growth. Uncertainty about global and regional economic conditions, a downturn in the sale or delivery of EVs, or a reduction in EV infrastructure spending even if economic conditions are stable, could adversely impact ChargePoint’s business, financial condition, and results of operations.
Supply chain disruptions, component shortages, manufacturing interruptions or delays could adversely affect ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand, lead to higher costs, and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.
ChargePoint depends on the timely supply of materials, services and related products to meet the demands of its customers, which depends in part on the timely delivery of materials and services from suppliers and contract manufacturers. Significant or sudden increases in demand for EV charging stations, as well as worldwide demand for the raw materials and services that ChargePoint requires to manufacture and sell EV charging stations, including component parts, may result in a shortage of such materials or may cause shipment delays due to transportation interruptions or capacity constraints. Such shortages or delays could adversely impact ChargePoint’s suppliers’ ability to meet ChargePoint’s demand requirements.
Disruptions in the manufacturing, delivery and overall supply chain of vehicle manufacturers and suppliers have in the past and may in the future result in additional costs and, to a lesser extent, component shortages, and have led to fluctuations in EV sales in markets around the world. Increased demand for personal electronics and trade restrictions that affect raw materials have contributed in the past and may in the future result in a shortfall of semiconductor chips, which has caused additional supply challenges both within and outside of ChargePoint’s industry. Supply chain challenges, component shortages and heightened logistics costs have adversely affected ChargePoint’s gross margins in recent quarters. ChargePoint may need to incur additional costs to expedite delivery of components and replacement parts used in charging stations or in providing installation or maintenance services or to proactively increase inventory. In the event ChargePoint is required to take such actions, ChargePoint may need to raise its prices, impose surcharges or other fees or refuse to negotiate discounts.
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ChargePoint may also experience significant interruptions of its manufacturing operations, delays in its ability to deliver products, or increased costs as a result of:
the failure or inability to accurately forecast demand and obtain sufficient quantities of quality raw materials or replacement parts on a cost-effective basis;
volatility in the availability and cost of materials or services, including rising prices due to inflation;
shipment delays due to transportation interruptions or capacity constraints, such as reduced availability of air, shipping or ground transport or port closures;
information technology or infrastructure failures, including those of a third party supplier or service provider;
difficulties or delays in obtaining required import or export approvals;
natural disasters or other events beyond ChargePoint’s control (such as earthquakes, utility interruptions, tsunamis, hurricanes, typhoons, floods, storms or extreme weather conditions, fires, regional economic downturns, regional or global health epidemics); and
geopolitical turmoil, including the ongoing invasion of Ukraine by Russia and conflicts in the Middle East or increased trade restrictions between the United States, Russia, China and other countries, social unrest, political instability, terrorism, or other acts of war which may further adversely impact supply chains, shipping, transportation and logistics disruptions.
The United States has imposed extraordinary tariffs and extensive export controls targeted primarily at the semiconductor industry in China. If China retaliates to such measures or there is a conflict between China and Taiwan, which is a leading producer of semiconductors, there could be further disruption to the semiconductor industry and global supply chains. ChargePoint or the suppliers it procures components from may be unable to manufacture products at prices ChargePoint’s customers would accept, or at all. Any inability to pass on future increased costs to customers would put downward pressure on ChargePoint’s gross margins and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, while ChargePoint has not yet experienced a direct impact to its supply chain due to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine or conflicts in the Middle East, ChargePoint may experience an impact in the future due to increased fuel and shipping costs, limited supply of components or replacement parts used by ChargePoint in its manufacturing process, or the automotive industry in general, and delays caused by changes to global shipping routes and logistics. Such adverse impacts on ChargePoint’s supply chain could limit its ability to manufacture and sell its products on a timely and cost-effective basis and adversely affect its gross margins, which could materially adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.
ChargePoint relies on a limited number of suppliers and manufacturers for its charging stations. A loss of any of these partners could negatively affect its business.
ChargePoint relies on a limited number of suppliers to manufacture its charging stations, including in some cases only a single supplier for some products and components. This reliance on a limited number of manufacturers increases ChargePoint’s risks, since it does not currently have proven reliable alternatives or replacement manufacturers beyond these key parties. In the event of interruption, including or resulting in a sudden failure by a supplier to meet its obligation, ChargePoint may not be able to increase capacity from other sources or develop alternate or secondary sources without incurring material additional costs and substantial delays. Thus, ChargePoint’s business could be adversely affected if one or more of its suppliers is impacted by any interruption at a particular location.
If the demand for EV charging increases, ChargePoint’s suppliers and contract manufacturers may not be able to dedicate sufficient supply chain, production or sales channel capacity to keep up with the required pace of charging infrastructure expansion. By relying on contract manufacturing, ChargePoint is dependent upon the manufacturer, whose interests may be different from ChargePoint’s. For example, ChargePoint’s suppliers and contract manufacturers may have other customers with demand for the same components or manufacturing services and may allocate their resources based on the supplier’s or manufacturer’s interests or needs to maximize their revenue or relationships with other customers rather than ChargePoint’s interest. As a result, ChargePoint may not be able to assure itself that it will have sufficient control over the supply of key components, inventory or finished goods in a timely manner or with acceptable cost and expense, which may adversely affect ChargePoint’s revenue, cost of goods and gross margins.
If ChargePoint experiences a significant increase in demand for its charging stations in future periods, or if it needs to replace an existing supplier, it may not be possible to supplement or replace them on acceptable terms, which may undermine its ability to deliver products to customers in a timely manner. For example, it may take a significant amount of time to identify a manufacturer that has the capability and resources to build charging stations in sufficient volume. Identifying suitable suppliers and manufacturers could be an extensive process that requires ChargePoint to become satisfied with such party’s quality control, technical capabilities, responsiveness and service, financial stability, regulatory compliance, and labor and other ethical practices. Accordingly, a loss of any significant suppliers or manufacturers could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, financial condition and operating results. In addition, ChargePoint’s suppliers may face supply chain risks and constraints of their own, which may impact the availability and pricing of its products. For example, supply chain challenges related to global chip shortages that have impacted companies worldwide both within and outside of ChargePoint’s industry may continue to have adverse effects on ChargePoint’s suppliers and, as a result, ChargePoint.
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In addition, ChargePoint is subject to requirements under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) to diligence, disclose and report whether or not its products contain minerals originating from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and adjoining countries, or conflict minerals. ChargePoint will incur additional costs to comply with these disclosure requirements, including costs related to determining the source of any of the relevant minerals and metals used in ChargePoint’s products. These requirements could adversely affect the sourcing, availability and pricing of minerals used in the components used in ChargePoint’s products. It is also possible that ChargePoint’s reputation may be adversely affected if it determines that certain of its products contain minerals not determined to be conflict-free or if it is unable to alter its products, processes or sources of supply to avoid use of such materials. ChargePoint may also encounter end-customers who require that all of the components of the products be certified as conflict free. If ChargePoint is not able to meet this requirement, such end-customers may choose to purchase products from a different company.
ChargePoint’s business is subject to risks associated with construction, cost overruns and delays, and other contingencies that may arise in the course of completing installations, and such risks may increase in the future as ChargePoint expands the scope of such services with other parties.
ChargePoint does not typically install charging stations at customer sites. These installations are typically performed by ChargePoint partners or electrical contractors with an existing relationship with the customer and/or knowledge of the site. The installation of charging stations at a particular site is generally subject to oversight and regulation in accordance with state and local laws and ordinances relating to building codes, safety, environmental protection and related matters, and typically requires various local and other governmental approvals and permits that may vary by jurisdiction. In addition, building codes, accessibility requirements or regulations may hinder EV charger installation because they end up costing the developer or installer more in order to meet the code requirements. Meaningful construction or permitting delays or cost overruns may impact ChargePoint’s recognition of revenue in certain cases and/or impact customer relationships, either of which could impact ChargePoint’s business and profitability. In addition, the proper preparation, configuration and installation of charging stations requires specialized electrical certifications and skills. If ChargePoint is unable to identify sufficient partners and contractors to satisfy its customers’ installation needs, specifically electricians and construction partners with sufficient skill and expertise installing charging stations, it may delay deployment projects or cause its customers to delay making an investment or commitment to purchase charging stations, which may adversely affect ChargePoint’s business.
Furthermore, ChargePoint may elect to install charging stations at customer sites or manage contractors, likely as part of offering customers a turnkey solution. Working with contractors may require ChargePoint to obtain licenses or require it or its customers to comply with additional rules, working conditions and other union requirements, which can add costs and complexity to an installation project. In addition, if these contractors are unable to provide timely, thorough and quality installation-related services, customers could fall behind their construction schedules leading to liability of ChargePoint, or cause customers to become dissatisfied with the solutions ChargePoint offers and ChargePoint’s overall reputation would be harmed.
If ChargePoint is unable to attract and retain key employees and hire qualified management, technical, engineering and sales personnel, its ability to compete and successfully grow its business would be harmed.
ChargePoint’s success depends, in part, on its continuing ability to identify, hire, attract, train and develop and retain highly qualified personnel. The inability to do so effectively would adversely affect its business. ChargePoint’s future performance depends on the continuing services and contributions of its senior management to execute on its business plan and to identify and pursue new opportunities and product innovations. The loss of services of senior management, or the ineffective management of any leadership transitions, especially within ChargePoint’s sales organization, could significantly delay or prevent the achievement of its development and strategic objectives, which could adversely affect its business, financial condition and operating results.
On September 6, 2023 and January 10, 2024, ChargePoint announced a plan to reduce its global workforce by approximately 10% and 12%, respectively. These reorganization plans were independently adopted (collectively, the “Reorganizations”) intended to improve operational efficiencies and operating costs and better align ChargePoint’s workforce with current business needs, top strategic priorities, and key growth opportunities. ChargePoint may incur additional expenses not currently contemplated due to events associated with the Reorganizations, for example, the Reorganizations may have a future impact on other areas of ChargePoint’s liabilities and obligations, which could result in losses in future periods. ChargePoint may not realize, in full or in part, the anticipated benefits and savings from the Reorganizations due to unforeseen difficulties, delays or unexpected costs. If ChargePoint is unable to realize the expected operational efficiencies and cost savings from the Reorganizations, its operating results and financial condition would be adversely affected. In addition, ChargePoint may need to undertake additional workforce reductions or restructuring activities in the future.
Competition for employees can be intense, particularly in Silicon Valley where ChargePoint is headquartered, and the ability to attract, hire and retain them depends on ChargePoint’s ability to provide competitive compensation. In addition, future challenges related to ChargePoint’s hybrid work model, Reorganization efforts or workplace practices could lead to attrition and difficulty attracting high-quality employees. ChargePoint may not be able to attract, assimilate, develop or retain qualified personnel in the future, and failure to do so could adversely affect its business, including the execution of its global business strategy.
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ChargePoint has expanded operations internationally, particularly in Europe, which will expose it to additional tax, compliance, market and other risks.
ChargePoint’s primary operations are in the United States and it maintains contractual relationships with parts and manufacturing suppliers in the Asia-Pacific region, Mexico and other locations. Also, ChargePoint is continuing to invest to increase its presence in Europe, including by its acquisitions of ViriCiti and HTB, and to maintain research and development teams in Gurgaon and Bangalore, India, Reading, England and Radstadt, Austria. Managing these expansions requires additional resources and controls, and could subject ChargePoint to risks associated with international operations, including:
cost of alternative power sources, which could vary meaningfully outside the United States;
conformity with applicable business customs, including translation into foreign languages and associated expenses;
lack of availability of government incentives and subsidies;
challenges in arranging, and availability of, financing for customers;
potential changes to its established business model;
challenges posed by an environment of diverse cultures, laws, and customers, and the increased travel, infrastructure, and legal and compliance costs associated with international operations;
installation challenges;
differing driving habits and transportation modalities in other markets;
different levels of demand among commercial, fleet and residential customers;
compliance with multiple, potentially conflicting and changing governmental laws, regulations, certifications, and permitting processes including environmental, banking, employment, tax, information security, privacy, and data protection laws and regulations such as the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) and newer state privacy laws in the United States, the European Union (the “EU”) General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), national legislation implementing the same, the United Kingdom Data Protection Act 2018 (“UK GDPR”), and certain other changing requirements for legally transferring data out of the European Economic Area;
compliance with U.S. and foreign anti-bribery laws including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) and the U.K. Anti-Bribery Act of 2020 (the “Anti-Bribery Act”);
conforming products to various international regulatory and safety requirements as well as charging and other electric infrastructures;
difficulty in establishing, staffing and managing foreign operations, including the formation or organization of any works council;
difficulties in collecting payments in foreign currencies and associated foreign currency exposure;
restrictions on repatriation of earnings;
compliance with potentially conflicting and changing laws of taxing jurisdictions and compliance with applicable U.S. tax laws as they relate to international operations, the complexity and adverse consequences of such tax laws, and potentially adverse tax consequences due to changes in such tax laws; and
regional economic and political conditions, including the outbreak of war or other hostilities.
As a result of these risks, ChargePoint’s current expansion efforts and any potential future international expansion efforts may not be successful.
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Some members of ChargePoint’s management have limited experience in operating a public company.
Some of ChargePoint’s executive officers have limited experience in the management of a publicly-traded company. For example, Mr. Rick Wilmer was recently appointed as ChargePoint’s Chief Executive Officer in November 2023, marking the first time Mr. Wilmer has served as the Chief Executive Officer for a publicly-traded company. In addition, as of March 2024, ChargePoint is conducting a search for a Chief Financial Officer and Chief Revenue Officer. The management team may not be successfully or effectively conduct the management of a public company that is subject to significant regulatory oversight and reporting obligations under federal securities laws, particularly in light of the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) increasing focus on former shell companies.
Their limited experience in dealing with the increasingly complex laws pertaining to public companies could be a significant disadvantage in that it is likely that an increasing amount of their time may be devoted to these activities, which will result in less time being devoted to the management and growth of ChargePoint. ChargePoint may not have adequate personnel with the appropriate level of knowledge, experience and training in the accounting policies, practices or internal control over financial reporting required of public companies. The development and implementation of the standards and controls and the hiring of experienced personnel necessary to achieve the level of accounting standards required of a public company may require greater costs than expected.
ChargePoint may experience a disruption of its business activities due to senior executive transitions.
In November 2023, ChargePoint’s Chief Executive Officer since 2011 and Chief Financial Officer since 2018, respectively, separated from the Company and ChargePoint appointed Mr. Rick Wilmer, its former Chief Operating Officer, as its Chief Executive Officer. ChargePoint has appointed an interim Chief Financial Officer while it commences a search for a replacement Chief Financial Officer.
Leadership transitions and management changes can be inherently difficult to manage and may cause uncertainty or a disruption to ChargePoint’s business or may increase the likelihood of turnover in key officers and employees. In addition, recently appointed executives may view ChargePoint’s business differently than prior members of executive management, and over time may make changes to ChargePoint’s strategic focus, operations, business plans, existing personnel and their responsibilities. ChargePoint may not be able to properly manage such shifts in focus, and any changes to its business may not ultimately prove successful.
ChargePoint’s success depends in part on having a successful leadership team. If ChargePoint cannot effectively manage leadership transitions and management changes, it could make it more difficult to successfully operate its business and pursue its business objectives. ChargePoint may not be able to retain the services of its current senior executives or other key employees. If ChargePoint does not succeed in attracting well-qualified employees, retaining and motivating existing employees or integrating new executives and employees, its business could be materially and adversely affected.
ChargePoint’s future revenue growth will depend in significant part on its ability to increase sales of its products and services to fleet operators.
ChargePoint’s future revenue growth will depend in significant part on its ability to increase sales of its products and services to fleet operators. The electrification of fleets is an emerging market, and fleet operators may not adopt EVs on a widespread basis and on the timelines ChargePoint anticipates. In addition to the factors affecting the growth of the EV market generally, transitioning to an EV fleet can be costly and capital intensive, which could result in slower than anticipated adoption. The sales cycle could also be longer for sales to fleet operators, as they are often larger organizations, with more formal procurement processes than smaller commercial site hosts. Fleet operators may also require significant additional services and support, and if ChargePoint is unable to provide such services and support, it may adversely affect its ability to attract additional fleet operators as customers. Any failure to attract and retain fleet operators as customers in the future would adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations.
ChargePoint faces risks related to global epidemics and health pandemics which could have a material and adverse effect on its business and results of operations.
ChargePoint faces risks related to global epidemics and health pandemics, like what was experienced worldwide during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may create significant volatility in the global economy and may have a long-lasting adverse impact on ChargePoint and its industry. For instance, such epidemics may cause local, regional or national governments to implement measures to contain pandemic risks, such as travel restrictions, quarantines, shelter in place orders or business shutdowns. Any of these measures may adversely affect ChargePoint’s employees and operations and the operations of its customers, suppliers, vendors and business partners, and may negatively impact demand for EV charging stations, particularly at workplaces, or the supply of components necessary for the manufacture of charging stations.
For example, beginning in calendar year 2020, in response to the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, ChargePoint modified its business practices by recommending that all non-essential personnel work from home and cancelling or reducing physical participation in sales activities, meetings, events and conferences. Subsequently, in May 2022, ChargePoint commenced a “return-to-office” plan, which included shifting to a hybrid model where employees have the flexibility to work from home or from the office. In the spring of 2023, ChargePoint further refined its hybrid model to require most employees to return to office at least three days a week. A hybrid work model may create challenges, including challenges maintaining ChargePoint’s corporate culture, increasing attrition or limiting
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ChargePoint’s ability to attract employees if individuals prefer to continue working full time at home. Future challenges related to ChargePoint’s hybrid work model or workplace practices could lead to attrition and difficulty attracting high-quality employees.
The effect of future health pandemics on ChargePoint’s business, prospects and results of operations will depend on their duration and sustained impact. Difficult macroeconomic conditions, such as supply shortages, increased inflation, increased and prolonged unemployment or a decline in consumer confidence as a result of pandemics, as well as reduced spending by businesses, could have a material adverse effect on the demand for ChargePoint’s products and services. The effect of, or even the threats of, a new global pandemic can also vary over time and across the geographies in which ChargePoint operates. For example, variations in “work-from-home” or “return-to-office” policies can cause fluctuations in ChargePoint’s revenues because conditions caused by global pandemics, such as more permanent work-from-home policies, are likely to continue affecting the rate of global infrastructure spending, and thus to continue to adversely impact ChargePoint’s gross margins as ChargePoint’s commercial business tends to contribute higher gross margins than its residential and fleet businesses. Even after the acute impact from any pandemic has subsided, ChargePoint may continue to experience an adverse impact to its business as a result of the pandemic’s global economic impact, including any recession that has occurred or may occur in the future.
ChargePoint is highly reliant on its networked charging solution and information technology systems and data, and those of its service providers and component suppliers, any of which systems and data may be subject to cyber-attacks, service disruptions or other security incidents, which could result in data breaches, loss or interruption of services, intellectual property theft, claims, litigation, regulatory investigations, significant liability, reputational damage and other adverse consequences.
ChargePoint continues to expand its information technology systems in the form of its networked charging solution, and as its operations grow, its internal information technology systems, such as product data management, procurement, inventory management, production planning and execution, sales, service and logistics, financial, tax and regulatory compliance systems. This includes the implementation of new internally developed systems and the deployment of such systems in the United States and abroad. The implementation, maintenance, segregation and improvement of these systems require significant management time, support and cost, and there are inherent risks associated with developing, improving and expanding ChargePoint’s core systems as well as implementing new systems and updating current systems, including disruptions to the related areas of business operations. These risks may affect ChargePoint’s ability to manage its data and inventory, procure parts or supplies or manufacture, sell, deliver and service products, adequately protect its intellectual property or achieve and maintain compliance with, or realize available benefits under, tax laws and other applicable regulations.
While ChargePoint maintains information technology measures designed to protect it against intellectual property theft, data breaches, sabotage and other external or internal cyber-attacks or misappropriation, its systems and those of its service providers are potentially vulnerable to malware, ransomware, viruses, denial-of-service attacks, phishing attacks, social engineering, computer hacking, unauthorized access, exploitation of bugs, defects and vulnerabilities, breakdowns, damage, interruptions, system malfunctions, power outages, terrorism, acts of vandalism, security breaches, security incidents, inadvertent or intentional actions by employees or other third parties, and other cyber-attacks. Further, most of the networked charging stations ChargePoint sells are owned and operated by third-parties who are responsible for the physical safety of the charging stations. Failure on the part of ChargePoint’s customer to adequately assure the physical safety of charging stations may result in unauthorized access to ChargePoint’s systems or network. To the extent any security incident results in unauthorized access or damage to or acquisition, use, corruption, loss, destruction, alteration or dissemination of ChargePoint data, including intellectual property and personal information, or ChargePoint products, or for it to be believed or reported that any of these occurred, it could disrupt ChargePoint’s business, harm its reputation, compel it to comply with applicable data breach notification laws, subject it to time consuming, distracting and expensive litigation, regulatory investigation and oversight, mandatory corrective action, require it to verify the correctness of database contents, or otherwise subject it to liability under laws, regulations and contractual obligations, including those that protect the privacy and security of personal information. This could result in increased costs to ChargePoint and result in significant legal and financial exposure and/or reputational harm.
Because ChargePoint also relies on third-party service providers, it cannot guarantee that its service providers’ and component suppliers’ systems have not been breached or that they do not contain exploitable defects, bugs, or vulnerabilities that could result in a security incident, or other disruption to, ChargePoint’s or ChargePoint’s service providers’ or component suppliers’ systems. ChargePoint’s ability to monitor its service providers’ and component suppliers’ security measures is limited, and, in any event, malicious third parties may be able to circumvent those security measures.
If ChargePoint does not successfully implement, maintain or expand its information technology systems as planned, its operations may be disrupted, its ability to accurately and/or timely report its financial results could be impaired and deficiencies may arise in its internal control over financial reporting, which may impact its ability to certify its financial results (see also “Financial, Tax and Accounting-Related Risks--ChargePoint has previously identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements contained within ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations.” for more detail). Moreover, ChargePoint’s proprietary information, including intellectual property and personal information, could be compromised or misappropriated, its reputation may be adversely affected if these systems or their functionality do not operate as expected and ChargePoint may be required to expend significant resources to make corrections or find alternative sources for performing these functions.
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Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking, phishing attacks and similar disruptions could result in security and privacy breaches and interruption in service, which could harm ChargePoint’s business.
From time to time, ChargePoint has experienced cyberattacks on its information technology infrastructure and systems. Computer malware, viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions could lead to interruption and delays in ChargePoint’s services and operations and loss, misuse or theft of data. Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking and phishing attacks against online networks have become more prevalent and may occur on ChargePoint’s systems in the future. ChargePoint’s business may be subject to heightened risks of cyber intrusion as nation-state hackers seek access to technology used by the U.S. government and as criminal enterprise hackers, which may or may not be affiliated with foreign governments, use ransomware attacks to disable critical infrastructure and extort companies for ransom payments. Cyber security organizations in many countries have published warnings of increased cybersecurity threats to U.S. businesses, and external events, like the conflict between Russia and Ukraine or conflicts in the Middle East, may increase the likelihood of cybersecurity attacks, particularly directed at energy, fueling or infrastructure service providers. ChargePoint has also been targeted by spear phishing attacks, in which an email directed at a specific individual or department is disguised to appear to be from a trusted source to obtain sensitive information. Any attempts by cyber attackers to disrupt ChargePoint’s services or systems, if successful, could harm its business, introduce liability to data subjects, result in the misappropriation of funds, be expensive to remedy, subject ChargePoint to substantial fines, penalties, damages and other liabilities under applicable laws and regulations, lead to a loss of protection of its intellectual property or trade secrets and damage its reputation or brand.
ChargePoint’s cyber-insurance coverage may not be sufficient to compensate for all liability relating to any actual or potential disruption or other security breach or incident. ChargePoint cannot be certain that its coverage will be adequate for liabilities actually incurred, that insurance will continue to be available to it on economically reasonable terms, or at all, or that any insurer will not deny coverage as to any future claim. The successful assertion of one or more large claims against ChargePoint that exceed available insurance coverage, or the occurrence of changes in ChargePoint’s insurance policies, including premium increases or the imposition of large deductible or co-insurance requirements, could have a material adverse effect on our business, including our financial condition, operating results, and reputation.
Efforts to prevent cyber attackers from entering computer systems are expensive to implement, and ChargePoint may not be able to cause the implementation or enforcement of such preventions with respect to its third-party vendors. Though it is difficult to determine what, if any, harm may directly result from any specific interruption or attack, any failure to maintain performance, reliability, security and availability of systems and technical infrastructure may, in addition to other losses, harm ChargePoint’s reputation, brand and ability to attract customers.
ChargePoint has previously experienced, and may in the future experience, service disruptions, outages and other performance problems due to a variety of factors, including infrastructure changes, third-party service providers, component supplier and manufacturer disruptions, human or software errors and capacity constraints. If ChargePoint’s services are unavailable when users attempt to access them, they may seek other services, which could reduce demand for ChargePoint’s solutions from target customers.
ChargePoint has processes and procedures in place designed to enable it to quickly recover from a disaster or catastrophe and continue business operations and has tested this capability under controlled circumstances. However, there are several factors ranging from human error to data corruption that could materially impact the efficacy of such processes and procedures, including by lengthening the time services are partially or fully unavailable to customers and users. It may be difficult or impossible to perform some or all recovery steps and continue normal business operations due to the nature of a particular disaster or catastrophe, especially during peak periods, which could cause additional reputational damages, or loss of revenue, any of which could adversely affect its business and financial results.
Acquisitions or strategic investments could be difficult to identify and integrate, divert the attention of key management personnel, disrupt ChargePoint’s business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect its results of operations and financial condition.
As part of ChargePoint’s business strategy, ChargePoint has made and may in the future make acquisitions of, or investments in, businesses, services or technologies that are complementary to its existing business. For example, in 2021, ChargePoint acquired ViriCiti B.V. (“ViriCiti”), a provider of electrification solutions for eBus and commercial fleets, and acquired has•to•be gmbh (“HTB”), an e-mobility and charging software platform. The process of identifying and consummating acquisitions and investments and the subsequent integration of new assets and businesses into ChargePoint’s own business, requires attention from management and could result in a diversion of resources from its existing business, which in turn could have an adverse effect on its operations. Acquired assets or businesses may not generate the expected financial results. Acquisitions or investments could also result in the use of cash, potentially dilutive issuances of equity securities, the occurrence of goodwill impairment charges, amortization expenses for other intangible assets and exposure to potential unknown liabilities of the acquired business or investment. ChargePoint may also incur costs and management time on transactions that are ultimately not completed. In addition, ChargePoint’s due diligence may fail to identify all of the problems, liabilities or other shortcomings or challenges of an acquired business, product, technology or investment, including issues related to intellectual property, product quality or product architecture, regulatory compliance practices, revenue recognition or other accounting practices or issues with employees or customers.
ChargePoint’s acquisitions or investments may not ultimately strengthen its competitive position or achieve its goals and business strategy; ChargePoint may be subject to claims or liabilities assumed from an acquired company, product or technology; acquisitions or
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investments ChargePoint completes could be viewed negatively by its customers, investors and securities analysts; and ChargePoint may incur costs and expenses necessary to address an acquired company’s failure to comply with laws and governmental rules and regulations. Additionally, ChargePoint may be subject to litigation or other claims in connection with the acquired company, including claims from terminated employees, former stockholders or other third parties, which may differ from or be more significant than the risks ChargePoint’s business faces for similar litigation or other claims. An acquired company may also need to implement or improve its controls, procedures and policies, and ChargePoint may face risks associated if any of those controls, procedures or policies are insufficiently effective. ChargePoint may also face retention or cultural challenges associated with integrating employees from the acquired company into its organization. If ChargePoint is unsuccessful at integrating acquisitions or investments in a timely manner, the revenue and operating results of the combined company could be adversely affected. Any integration process may require significant time and resources, which may disrupt ChargePoint’s ongoing business and divert management’s attention, and ChargePoint may not be able to manage the integration process successfully or in a timely manner. ChargePoint may not successfully evaluate or utilize the acquired technology or personnel, realize anticipated synergies from the acquisition or investment, or accurately forecast the financial impact of an acquisition or investment transaction or the related integration of such acquisition or investment, including accounting charges and any potential impairment of goodwill and intangible assets recognized in connection with such transaction. ChargePoint may have to pay cash, incur debt, or issue equity or equity-linked securities to pay for any acquisitions or investments, each of which could adversely affect its financial condition or the market price of its Common Stock. Furthermore, the sale of equity or issuance of equity-linked debt to finance any such transaction could result in dilution to ChargePoint’s stockholders. The occurrence of any of these risks could harm ChargePoint’s business, operating results and financial condition.
ChargePoint’s business is subject to risks associated with natural disasters and the adverse effects associated with climate change, including earthquakes, wildfires, or other types of natural disasters or resource shortages, including public safety power shut-offs that have occurred and may continue to occur in California, the effects of which could disrupt and harm its operations and those of ChargePoint’s customers.
ChargePoint conducts a majority of its operations in the San Francisco Bay Area in an area projected to be vulnerable to future water scarcity and sea level rise due to climate change as well as in an active earthquake zone. The occurrence of a natural disaster such as an earthquake, drought, flood, fire (such as the increasingly frequent wildfires in California), localized extended outages of critical utilities (such as California’s public safety power shut-offs) or transportation systems, or any critical resource shortages could cause a significant interruption in its business, damage or destroy ChargePoint’s facilities or inventories, and cause it to incur significant costs, any of which could harm its business, financial condition and results of operations. The insurance ChargePoint maintains against fires, earthquakes and other natural disasters may not be adequate to cover losses in any particular case.
In addition, rolling public safety power shut-offs in California or other states can affect user acceptance of EVs, as charging may be unavailable at the desired times, or at all during these events. These shut-offs could also affect the ability of fleet operators to charge their EVs, which, for example, could adversely affect transportation schedules or any service level agreements to which either ChargePoint or the fleet operator may be a party. If these events persist, the demand for EVs could decline, which would result in reduced demand for charging solutions.
Seasonality may cause fluctuations in ChargePoint’s revenue.
ChargePoint believes there are seasonal factors that may cause ChargePoint to record higher revenue in some quarters compared with others. A significant share of ChargePoint’s annual revenues are typically generated in the fourth fiscal quarter, which coincides with customers with a December 31 year-end choosing to spend remaining unused portions of their budgets. ChargePoint’s revenues have historically been lower in its first fiscal quarter than its preceding fourth quarter, due to, in part, unfavorable weather conditions which result in a decrease in construction activity during the winter months, periods of wet weather and times when other weather and climate conditions would impair construction activity. While ChargePoint believes it has visibility into the seasonality of its business, various factors, including difficult weather conditions (such as flooding, hurricanes, prolonged rain or periods of unseasonably cold temperatures or snowstorms) in any quarter, may materially and adversely affect its business, financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint is susceptible to risks associated with an increased focus by stakeholders and regulators on climate change, which may adversely affect its business and results of operations.
Climate-related events, including the increasing frequency of extreme weather events and their impact on critical infrastructure in the United States and elsewhere, have the potential to disrupt ChargePoint’s business and those of its third-party suppliers, and customers, and may cause ChargePoint to experience higher attrition, losses and additional costs to maintain or resume operations. In addition, ChargePoint’s customers may begin to establish sourcing requirements related to sustainability. As a result, ChargePoint may receive requests for sustainability related information about its products, business operations, use of sustainable materials and packaging. ChargePoint’s inability to comply with these and other sustainability requirements in the future could adversely affect sales of and demand for its products.
Further, there is an increased focus, including by governmental and nongovernmental organizations, investors, customers, and other stakeholders, on climate change matters, including increased pressure to expand disclosures related to the physical and transition risks related to climate change or to establish sustainability goals, such as the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, which could expose ChargePoint to market, operational and execution costs or risks. ChargePoint’s failure to establish such sustainability targets or targets
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that are perceived to be appropriate, as well as to achieve progress on those targets on a timely basis, or at all, could adversely affect the reputation of its brand and sales of and demand for its products.
Risks Related to the EV Market
ChargePoint’s future growth and success is highly dependent upon the continuing rapid adoption of EVs for passenger and fleet applications.
ChargePoint’s future growth is highly dependent upon the adoption of EVs by businesses and consumers. The market for EVs is still rapidly evolving, characterized by rapidly changing technologies, competitive pricing and competitive factors, evolving government regulation and industry standards and changing consumer demands and behaviors, changing levels of concern related to environmental issues and governmental initiatives related to energy independence, climate change and the environment generally. Although demand for EVs has grown in recent years, the rate of EV sales is highly volatile and there is no guarantee of continuing future demand. If the market for EVs develops more slowly than expected, or if demand for EVs decreases, ChargePoint’s business, prospects, financial condition and operating results would be harmed. The market for EVs could be affected by numerous factors, such as:
perceptions about EV features, quality, safety, performance and cost;
EV auto manufacturers delay or eliminate plans to migrate their manufacturing production to be solely or primarily EV;
perceptions about the limited range over which EVs may be driven on a single battery charge;
competition, including from other types of alternative fuel vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and high fuel-economy internal combustion engine vehicles;
volatility in the cost of oil and gasoline, including as a result of trade restrictions;
concerns regarding the scalability, availability, reliability and stability of the electrical grid;
the change in an EV battery’s ability to hold a charge over time;
the availability and reliability of a national electric vehicle charging network or infrastructure;
availability of maintenance and repair services for EVs;
consumers’ perception about the convenience and cost of charging EVs;
increases in fuel efficiency of non-electric vehicles;
government regulations and economic incentives, including adverse changes in, or expiration of, favorable tax incentives related to EVs, EV charging stations or decarbonization generally;
relaxation or elimination of government mandates or quotas regarding the sale of EVs; and
concerns about the future viability of EV manufacturers.
In addition, sales of vehicles in the automotive industry can be cyclical, which may affect growth in acceptance of EVs. It is uncertain how macroeconomic factors will impact demand for EVs, particularly since EVs can be more expensive than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. Furthermore, because fleet operators often make large purchases of EVs, this cyclicality and volatility in the automotive industry may be more pronounced with commercial purchasers, and any significant decline in demand from these customers could reduce demand for EV charging and ChargePoint’s products and services in particular.
Demand for EVs may also be affected by factors directly impacting automobile prices or the cost of purchasing and operating automobiles, such as sales and financing incentives, prices of raw materials and parts and components, cost of fuel and governmental regulations, including tariffs, import regulation and other taxes. Volatility in demand or delays in EV production due to global supply chain constraints or due to changes in vehicle manufacturers EV product goals may lead to lower vehicle unit sales, which may result in reduced demand for EV charging solutions and therefore adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, financial condition and operating results.
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The EV market currently benefits from the availability of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives from governments, utilities and others to offset the purchase or operating costs of EVs and EV charging stations. The reduction, modification, or elimination of such benefits could cause reduced demand for EVs and EV charging stations, which would adversely affect ChargePoint’s financial results.
The U.S. federal government, foreign governments and some state and local governments provide incentives to end users and purchasers of EVs and EV charging stations in the form of rebates, tax credits and regulations like clean fuel programs, which can provide other financial incentives. The EV market benefits from these governmental rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives to significantly lower the effective price of EVs and EV charging stations to customers. For example, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act signed into law on November 15, 2021 provided additional funding for EVs and EV charging infrastructure through the creation of new programs and grants and the expansion of existing programs, including $7.5 billion for EV charging along highway corridors. In addition, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (the “IRA”) signed into law on August 16, 2022 includes numerous incentives and tax credits aimed at reducing the effects of climate change, such as the extension and increase of the EV charging infrastructure tax credits under Section 30C and tax credits for EVs under Section 30D of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) through 2032. However, these incentives may expire on a particular date, end when the allocated funding is exhausted, or be reduced or terminated as a matter of regulatory or legislative policy. Any other reduction in rebates, tax credits or other financial incentives for EVs or EV charging stations could materially reduce the demand for EVs and ChargePoint’s solutions and, as a result, may adversely impact ChargePoint’s business and expansion potential.
In addition, the EV charging infrastructure tax credits, pursuant to Section 30C of the Code,are subject to an 80% reduction if the applicable project does not satisfy certain prevailing wage and apprenticeship requirements (and none of the relevant exceptions apply). If these requirements are not satisfied, the demand for ChargePoint’s network charging solutions may be adversely impacted by the reduced credits available, which could have a material adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint also derives other revenue as set forth on its consolidated statements of operations from regulatory credits. If government support of these credits declines, ChargePoint’s ability to generate this other revenue in the future would be adversely affected. In years prior to fiscal year 2021, ChargePoint has derived a slight majority of its other revenue from regulatory credits. However, revenue from this source as a percentage of other and total revenue has declined in recent quarters and it may continue to decline over time. Further, the availability of such credits may decline even with general governmental support of the transition to EV infrastructure.
Changes to fuel economy standards or the success of alternative fuels may negatively impact the EV market and thus the demand for ChargePoint’s products and services.
As regulations have required an increase in the mileage capabilities of cars, consumption of renewable transportation fuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, and the prevalence of other alternative vehicles has been increasing. If fuel efficiency of non-electric vehicles continues to rise, whether as the result of regulations or otherwise, and affordability of vehicles using renewable transportation fuels improves, the demand for EVs could diminish. In addition, the EV fueling model is different than gas or other fuel models, requiring behavior change and education of influencers, consumers and others such as regulatory bodies. Developments in alternative technologies, such as advanced diesel, ethanol, fuel cells or compressed natural gas, or improvements in the fuel economy of the internal combustion engine, may materially and adversely affect demand for EVs and EV charging stations. For example, fuel which is abundant and relatively inexpensive in the United States, such as compressed natural gas, may emerge as a preferred alternative to petroleum-based propulsion. Regulatory bodies may also adopt rules that substantially favor certain alternatives to petroleum-based propulsion over others, which may not necessarily be EVs, or may adopt rules to eliminate, modify or reduce penalties or incentives to maintain minimum fuel economy standards. Any of these changes may impose additional obstacles to the purchase of EVs or the development of a more ubiquitous EV market. If any of the above influence consumers or businesses to no longer purchase EVs or purchase them at a lower rate, it would materially and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.
The EV charging market is characterized by rapid technological changes often due to technical improvements, regulatory requirements and customer requirements, which requires ChargePoint to continue to develop new products and product innovations. Any delays in such development could adversely affect market adoption of its products and ChargePoint’s financial results.
Continuing technological changes in battery and other EV technologies could adversely affect adoption of current EV charging technology and/or ChargePoint’s products. ChargePoint’s future success will depend upon its ability to develop and introduce a variety of new capabilities and innovations to its existing product offerings, as well as introduce a variety of new product offerings, to address the changing needs of the EV charging market. As new products are introduced, gross margins tend to decline in the near term and improve as the product becomes more mature with a more efficient manufacturing process.
As EV technologies change, new industry standards evolve or develop or governmental regulations impose new requirements on EV charging technology, ChargePoint may need to upgrade or adapt its charging station technology and introduce new products and services in order to serve vehicles that have the latest technology, such as battery cell technology or charging connector ports, or comply with new governmental regulations, which could involve substantial costs. Even if ChargePoint is able to keep pace with changes in technology and develop new products and services, its research and development expenses could increase, its gross margins could be adversely affected in some periods and its prior products could become obsolete or non-compliant with governmental regulations or
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industry standards more quickly than expected. ChargePoint may also incur additional costs and expenses related to new product transitions such as adverse impacts due to supply chain failures to procure sufficient new product components, purchase price variances, or inventory obsolescence costs related to new product transitions, including as the result of any failure on the part of ChargePoint to meet its own estimates and projections. ChargePoint cannot guarantee that any new products will be released in a timely manner, or at all, or achieve market acceptance. Delays in delivering new products that meet customer requirements could damage ChargePoint’s relationships with customers and lead them to seek alternative providers. Delays in introducing products and innovations or the failure to offer innovative products or services at competitive prices may cause existing and potential customers to purchase ChargePoint’s competitors’ products or services. Finally, new or changing state or federal regulations or industry standards may result in delays related to the development of new products or modifications to existing products in order to come into compliance and any such delays may result in customer’s selecting alternative providers or result in delays related to ChargePoint’s ability to install, sell or distribute its charging station technology.
If ChargePoint is unable to devote adequate resources to develop products or cannot otherwise successfully develop products or services that meet customer and regulatory requirements on a timely basis or that remain competitive with technological alternatives, its products and services could lose market share, its revenue may decline, it may experience higher operating losses and its business and prospects may be adversely affected.
Certain statements ChargePoint makes about estimates of market opportunity and forecasts of market growth may prove to be inaccurate.
From time to time, ChargePoint makes statements with estimates of the addressable market for ChargePoint’s solutions and the EV market in general. Market opportunity estimates and growth forecasts, whether obtained from third-party sources or developed internally, are subject to significant uncertainty and are based on assumptions and estimates that may prove to be inaccurate. The estimates and forecasts relating to the size and expected growth of the target EV market, market demand and adoption rates, capacity to address this demand and pricing may also prove to be inaccurate. In particular, estimates regarding the current and projected EV market opportunity are difficult to predict. The estimated addressable EV market may not materialize for many years, if ever, and even if the markets meet the size estimates and growth forecasts, ChargePoint’s business could fail to grow at similar rates.
Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Technology, Intellectual Property and Infrastructure
ChargePoint’s business may be adversely affected if it is unable to protect its technology and intellectual property from unauthorized use by third parties.
ChargePoint’s success depends, at least in part, on ChargePoint’s ability to obtain, maintain, enforce and protect its core technology and intellectual property. To accomplish this, ChargePoint relies on, and plans to continue relying on, a combination of patents, trade secrets (including know-how), employee and third-party nondisclosure agreements, copyright, trademarks, intellectual property licenses and other contractual rights to retain ownership of, and protect, its technology. Despite ChargePoint’s efforts to obtain, maintain, enforce and protect intellectual property rights, there can be no assurance that these steps will be available in all cases or will be adequate to prevent ChargePoint’s competitors or other third-parties from copying, reverse engineering, or otherwise obtaining and using its technology or products or seeking court declarations that they do not infringe, misappropriate or otherwise violate its intellectual property. Failure to adequately protect its technology and intellectual property could result in competitors offering similar products, potentially resulting in the loss of some of ChargePoint’s competitive advantage and a decrease in revenue which would adversely affect its business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.
The measures ChargePoint takes to protect its technology and intellectual property from unauthorized use by others may not be effective for various reasons, including the following:
any patent applications ChargePoint submits may not result in the issuance of patents;
the scope of issued patents may not be broad enough to protect its inventions and proprietary rights;
any issued patents may be challenged by competitors and/or invalidated by courts or governmental authorities;
ChargePoint may not be the first inventor of the subject matter to which it has filed a particular patent application, and it may not be the first party to file such a patent application;
Patents have a finite term, and competitors and other third-parties may offer identical or similar products after the expiration of ChargePoint’s patents that cover such products;
the costs associated with enforcing patents, confidentiality and invention agreements or other intellectual property rights may make aggressive enforcement impracticable;
current and future competitors may circumvent patents or independently develop similar trade secrets or works of authorship, such as software;
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know-how and other proprietary information ChargePoint purports to hold as a trade secret may not qualify as a trade secret under applicable laws;
ChargePoint’s employees, contractors or business partners may breach their confidentiality, non-disclosure, and non-use obligations; and
proprietary designs and technology embodied in ChargePoint’s products may be discoverable by third-parties through means that do not constitute violations of applicable laws.
Patent, trademark, and trade secret laws vary significantly throughout the world. Some foreign countries do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States. Further, policing the unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property in foreign jurisdictions may be difficult or impossible. Therefore, ChargePoint’s intellectual property rights may not be as strong or as easily enforced outside of the United States.
Certain patents in the EV space may come to be considered “standards essential.” If this is the case with respect to any of ChargePoint’s patents, it may be required to license certain technology on “fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory” terms, decreasing revenue. Further, competitors, vendors, or customers may, in certain instances, be free to create variations or derivative works of ChargePoint technology and intellectual property, and those derivative works may become directly competitive with ChargePoint’s offerings. Finally, ChargePoint may not be able to leverage, or obtain ownership of, all technology and intellectual property developed by ChargePoint’s vendors in connection with design and manufacture of ChargePoint’s products, thereby jeopardizing ChargePoint’s ability to obtain a competitive advantage over its competitors.
It is ChargePoint’s policy to enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with its employees and contractors that have developed material intellectual property for ChargePoint, but these agreements may not be self-executing and may not otherwise adequately protect ChargePoint’s intellectual property, particularly with respect to conflicts of ownership relating to work product generated by employees and contractors. Furthermore, ChargePoint cannot be certain that these agreements will not be breached, and that third-parties will not gain access to its trade secrets, know-how and other proprietary technology. Third-parties may also independently develop the same or substantially similar proprietary technology. Monitoring unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property is difficult and costly, as are the steps ChargePoint has taken or will take to prevent misappropriation.
To prevent unauthorized use of ChargePoint’s intellectual property, it may be necessary to prosecute actions for infringement, misappropriation or other violation of ChargePoint’s intellectual property against third-parties. Any such action could result in significant costs and diversion of ChargePoint’s resources and management’s attention, and there can be no assurance that ChargePoint will be successful in any such action. Furthermore, ChargePoint’s current and potential competitors may have the ability to dedicate substantially greater resources to enforce their intellectual property rights than ChargePoint does. Accordingly, ChargePoint may not be able to prevent third-parties from infringing, misappropriating or otherwise violating its intellectual property. Any of the foregoing may adversely affect ChargePoint’s revenues or results of operations.
ChargePoint may need to defend against intellectual property infringement or misappropriation claims, which may be time-consuming and expensive.
From time to time, the holders of intellectual property rights may assert their rights and urge ChargePoint to enter into licenses, and/or may bring suits alleging infringement, misappropriation or other violation of such rights. There can be no assurance that ChargePoint will be able to mitigate the risk of potential suits or other legal demands by competitors or other third-parties. Accordingly, ChargePoint may consider entering into licensing agreements with respect to such rights, although no assurance can be given that such licenses can be obtained on acceptable terms or that litigation will not occur, and such licenses and associated litigation could significantly increase ChargePoint’s operating expenses. In addition, if ChargePoint is determined to have or believes there is a high likelihood that it has infringed upon, misappropriated or otherwise violated a third-party’s intellectual property rights, it may be required to cease making, selling or incorporating certain key components or intellectual property into the products and services it offers, to pay substantial damages and/or royalties, to redesign its products and services, and/or to establish and maintain alternative branding. In addition, to the extent that ChargePoint’s customers and business partners become the subject of any allegation or claim regarding the infringement, misappropriation or other violation of intellectual property rights related to ChargePoint’s products and services, ChargePoint may be required to indemnify such customers and business partners. If ChargePoint were required to take one or more such actions, its business, prospects, operating results and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, any litigation or claims, whether or not valid, could result in substantial costs, negative publicity and diversion of resources and management attention.
ChargePoint expects to incur research and development costs and devote significant resources to developing new products, which could significantly reduce its profitability and may never result in revenue to ChargePoint.
ChargePoint’s future growth depends on penetrating new markets, adapting existing products to new applications and customer requirements, and introducing new products that achieve market acceptance. ChargePoint plans to incur significant research and development costs in the future as part of its efforts to design, develop, manufacture and introduce new products and enhance existing products. ChargePoint’s research and development expenses were $220.8 million, $195.0 million, and $145.0 million during the fiscal years ended January 31, 2024, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and may grow in the future. Further, ChargePoint’s research and
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development program may not produce successful results, and its new products may not achieve market acceptance, create additional revenue or become profitable.
ChargePoint intends to use third-party contract manufacturers and design partners for targeted new research and development initiatives with the goals of controlling development costs and decreasing operating expenses. ChargePoint believes such partnerships will allow it to better manage research and development expenses, improve the speed and quality of new product development and increase its efficiencies by leveraging the design talent and supply chains of these partners. Implementing third-party design partners for new research and development initiatives will require sophisticated oversight, quality programs and cost-control initiatives. If ChargePoint is not successful in its use of third-party contract manufacturers and design partners for new product development, its financial conditions, gross margins and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
The current lack of national and international standards may lead to uncertainty, additional competition and further unexpected costs.
Lack of industry standards for EV station management, coupled with utilities and other large organizations mandating their own adoption of specifications that have not become widely adopted in the industry, may hinder innovation or slow new product or new feature introduction.
In addition, automobile manufacturers may choose to utilize their own proprietary systems, which could lock out competition for EV charging stations, or to use their size and market position to influence the market, which could limit ChargePoint’s market and reach to customers, negatively impacting its business. For example, many of the major EV manufacturers have announced the adoption of SAE J3400 as the standard charging port for their future EV models. It is possible that other charging or similar standards may be introduced into the emerging EV market by EV manufacturers, EV charging infrastructure suppliers and other market participants which may not be compatible with ChargePoint’s products or technologies that may cause ChargePoint to have to adapt its business, processes or services to comply with such standard, which may require significant time and research and development costs and, as a result, may have a material and adverse effect on ChargePoint’s revenue or results of operations,
Further, should regulatory bodies impose charging standards that are not compatible with ChargePoint’s products or infrastructure, ChargePoint may incur significant costs to adapt its business model to the new regulatory standards, which may require significant time and, as a result, may have a material and adverse effect on ChargePoint’s revenue or results of operations.
ChargePoint’s technology could have undetected defects, errors or bugs in hardware or software which could reduce market adoption, damage its reputation with current or prospective customers, and/or expose it to product liability and other claims that could materially and adversely affect its business.
ChargePoint may be subject to claims that charging stations have malfunctioned and persons or property were injured and harmed or purported to be injured and harmed. Any insurance that ChargePoint carries may not be sufficient or it may not apply to all situations. Similarly, to the extent that such malfunctions are related to components obtained from third-party vendors, such vendors may not assume responsibility for such malfunctions. In addition, ChargePoint’s customers could be subjected to claims as a result of such incidents and may bring legal claims against ChargePoint to attempt to hold it liable. Any of these events could adversely affect ChargePoint’s brand, relationships with customers, operating results or financial condition.
Furthermore, ChargePoint’s software platform is complex, developed for over a decade by many developers, and includes a number of licensed third-party commercial and open-source software libraries. ChargePoint’s software has contained defects and errors and may in the future contain undetected defects or errors. ChargePoint is continuing to evolve the features and functionality of its platform through updates and enhancements, and as it does, it may introduce additional defects or errors that may not be detected until after deployment to customers. In addition, if ChargePoint’s products and services, including any updates or patches, are not implemented or used correctly or as intended, inadequate performance and disruptions in service may result.
Any defects or errors in product or services offerings, or the perception of such defects or errors, or other performance problems could result in any of the following, each of which could adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of its operations:
expenditure of significant financial and product development resources, including recalls, in efforts to analyze, correct, eliminate or work around errors or defects;
loss of existing or potential customers or partners;
interruptions or delays in sales;
delayed or lost revenue;
delay or failure to attain market acceptance;
delay in the development or release of new functionality or improvements;
negative publicity and reputational harm;
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sales credits or refunds;
exposure of confidential or proprietary information;
diversion of development and customer service resources;
breach of warranty claims;
legal claims under applicable laws, rules and regulations; and
an increase in collection cycles for accounts receivable or the expense and risk of litigation.
Although ChargePoint has contractual protections, such as warranty disclaimers and limitation of liability provisions, in many of its agreements with customers, resellers and other business partners, such protections may not be uniformly implemented in all contracts and, where implemented, may not fully or effectively protect it from claims by customers, resellers, business partners or other third-parties. Any insurance coverage or indemnification obligations of suppliers may not adequately cover all such claims or cover only a portion of such claims. A successful product liability, warranty, or other similar claim could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, operating results and financial condition. In addition, even claims that ultimately are unsuccessful could result in expenditure of funds in litigation, divert management’s time and other resources and cause reputational harm.
Some of ChargePoint’s products contain open-source software, which may pose particular risks to its proprietary software, products and services in a manner that could harm its business.
ChargePoint uses open-source software in its products and anticipates using open-source software in the future. Some open-source software licenses require those who distribute open-source software as part of their own software product to publicly disclose all or part of the source code to such software product or to make available any derivative works of the open-source code on unfavorable terms or at no cost, and ChargePoint may be subject to such terms. The terms of many open-source licenses have not been interpreted by U.S. or foreign courts, and there is a risk that open source software licenses could be construed in a manner that imposes unanticipated conditions or restrictions on ChargePoint’s ability to provide or distribute ChargePoint’s products or services.
In addition, ChargePoint relies on some open-source software and libraries issued under the General Public License (or similar “copyleft” licenses) for development of its products and may continue to rely on similar copyleft licenses. Third-parties may assert a copyright claim against ChargePoint regarding its use of such software or libraries, which could lead to a limitation of ChargePoint’s use of such software or libraries. Use of such software or libraries may also force ChargePoint to provide third-parties, at no cost, the source code to its proprietary software, which may decrease revenue and lessen any competitive advantage ChargePoint has due to the secrecy of its source code.
ChargePoint could face claims from third-parties claiming ownership of, or demanding release of, the open-source software or derivative works that ChargePoint developed using such software, which could include ChargePoint’s proprietary source code, or otherwise seeking to enforce the terms of the applicable open-source license. These claims could result in litigation and could require ChargePoint to make its software source code freely available, purchase a costly license or cease offering the implicated products or services unless and until ChargePoint can re-engineer them to avoid infringement, which may be a costly and time-consuming process, and ChargePoint may not be able to complete the re-engineering process successfully.
Additionally, the use of certain open-source software can lead to greater risks than use of third-party commercial software, as open-source licensors generally do not provide warranties or controls on the origin of software. There is typically no support available for open-source software, and ChargePoint cannot ensure that the authors of such open-source software will implement or push updates to address security risks or will not abandon further development and maintenance. Many of the risks associated with the use of open-source software, such as the lack of warranties or assurances of title or performance, cannot be eliminated, and could, if not properly addressed, have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business and results.
Interruptions, delays in service or inability to increase capacity, including internationally, at third-party data center facilities could impair the use or functionality of ChargePoint’s subscription services, harm its business and subject it to liability.
ChargePoint currently serves customers from third-party data center facilities operated by Amazon Web Services (“AWS”) located in the United States, Europe and Canada. Any outage or failure of such data centers could negatively affect ChargePoint’s product connectivity and performance. ChargePoint’s primary environments are behind the Content Delivery Network operated by Cloudflare, Inc. (“Cloudflare”), and any interruptions of Cloudflare’s services could negatively affect ChargePoint’s product connectivity and performance. Furthermore, ChargePoint depends on connectivity from its charging stations to its data centers through cellular service providers, such as Verizon. Any incident affecting a data center facility’s or a cellular service provider’s infrastructure or operations, whether caused by fire, flood, severe storm, earthquake, or other natural disasters, power loss, telecommunications failures, breach of security protocols, computer viruses and disabling devices, failure of access control mechanisms, war, criminal act, military actions, terrorist attacks and other similar events could negatively affect the use, functionality or availability of ChargePoint’s services.
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Any damage to, or failure of, ChargePoint’s systems, or those of its third-party providers, could interrupt or hinder the use or functionality of its services. Impairment of or interruptions in ChargePoint’s services may reduce revenue, subject it to claims and litigation, cause customers to terminate their subscriptions, and adversely affect renewal rates and its ability to attract new customers. ChargePoint’s business will also be harmed if customers and potential customers believe its products and services are unreliable.
Customer-Related Risks
ChargePoint may be unable to leverage customer data in all geographic locations, and this limitation may impact research and development operations.
ChargePoint relies on data collected through charging stations or its mobile application, including usage data and geolocation data. ChargePoint uses this data in connection with the research, development and analysis of its technologies. ChargePoint’s inability to obtain necessary rights to use this data or freely transfer this data out of, for example, the European Economic Area, could result in delays or otherwise negatively impact ChargePoint’s research and development efforts.
ChargePoint’s ability to maintain customer satisfaction depends in part on the quality of ChargePoint’s customer support. Failure to maintain high-quality customer support could adversely affect ChargePoint’s reputation, business, results of operation, and financial condition.
ChargePoint believes that the successful use of its EV charging stations and Cloud Services requires a high level of support and engagement for many of its customers, particularly its fleet and commercial customers. In order to deliver appropriate customer support and engagement, ChargePoint must successfully assist its customers in deploying and continuing to use ChargePoint’s Cloud Services tools and EV charging stations, resolving performance issues, addressing interoperability challenges with a customers’ existing information technology or fuel management platforms and responding to EV charging station component failures or replacement parts, as well as charging station performance and reliability issues that may arise from time to time.
ChargePoint provides support to its commercial, fleet and residential EV charging station owners and operators. Such support services are generally provided under its Assure warranty program, including proactive charging station monitoring, guaranteed service response times and labor and parts warranties. ChargePoint further provides support for EV drivers connecting to and utilizing ChargePoint’s Cloud Services and its network of EV charging stations, including customer support services and mobile services. ChargePoint’s support organization faces additional challenges associated with its international operations, including those associated with delivering support, training, and documentation in languages other than English. If ChargePoint fails to maintain high-quality customer support or comply with support requirements under its Cloud Services or Assure warranty program, ChargePoint may incur additional costs, be obligated to provide refunds, rebates or pay performance penalties to its customers and EV charging station owners, or suffer the cancellation of Cloud Services and Assure warranty agreements, the occurrence of any of which may increase ChargePoint’s expenses and costs or result in less revenue for ChargePoint, which may adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, reputation, business, results of operations, and financial condition.
In addition to providing direct customer support, ChargePoint also relies on channel partners in order to provide frontline support to some of its customers, including with respect to commissioning, maintenance, component part replacements and repairs of charging stations. If ChargePoint’s channel partners do not provide support to the satisfaction of ChargePoint’s customers, ChargePoint may be required to hire additional personnel and to invest in additional resources in order to provide an adequate level of support, generally at a higher cost than that associated with its channel partners, which may increase ChargePoint’s costs and expenses and adversely affect ChargePoint’s gross margins. There can be no assurance that ChargePoint will be able to hire sufficient support personnel as and when needed. To the extent that ChargePoint is unsuccessful in hiring, training, and retaining adequate support personnel, its ability to provide high-quality and timely support to its customers will be negatively impacted and its customers’ satisfaction with its Cloud Services and EV charging stations could be adversely affected. Any failure to maintain high-quality customer support, or a market perception that ChargePoint does not maintain high-quality customer support, could adversely affect ChargePoint’s reputation, business, results of operations, and financial condition, particularly with respect to its fleet customers (see also “Risks Related to ChargePoint’s Business-- Supply chain disruptions, component shortages, manufacturing interruptions or delays could adversely affect ChargePoint’s ability to meet customer demand, lead to higher costs, and adversely affect ChargePoint’s business and results of operations”).
ChargePoint’s business will depend on customers renewing their services subscriptions. If customers do not continue to use its subscription offerings or if they fail to add more stations, its business and operating results will be adversely affected.
In addition to selling networked charging stations, ChargePoint also depends on customers continuing to subscribe to its Cloud Services and extended warranty coverages. Therefore, it is important that customers renew their subscriptions when the contract term expires and add additional charging stations and services to their subscriptions. Customers may decide not to renew their subscriptions with a similar contract period, at the same prices or terms or with the same or a greater number of users, stations or level of functionality. Customer retention may decline or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including satisfaction with software and features, functionality of the charging stations, prices, features and pricing of competing products, reductions in spending levels, mergers and acquisitions involving customers and deteriorating general economic conditions.
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If customers do not renew their subscriptions, if they renew on terms less favorable to ChargePoint or if they fail to add products or services, ChargePoint’s business and operating results will be adversely affected.
Changes in subscriptions or pricing models may not be reflected in near-term operating results.
ChargePoint generally recognizes subscriptions revenue from customers ratably over the terms of their contracts. As a result, most of the subscriptions revenue reported in each quarter is derived from the recognition of deferred revenue relating to subscriptions entered into during previous quarters. Consequently, a decline in new or renewed subscriptions in any single quarter will likely have only a small impact on revenue for that quarter. However, such a decline will negatively affect revenue in future quarters. In addition, the severity and duration of events may not be predictable, and their effects could extend beyond a single quarter. Accordingly, the effect of significant downturns in sales and market acceptance of subscription services, and potential changes in pricing policies or rate of renewals, may not be fully apparent until future periods.
Financial, Tax and Accounting-Related Risks
ChargePoint has previously identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements contained within ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations.
ChargePoint is required to provide management’s attestation on internal controls pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“Sarbanes-Oxley”) The standards required for a public company under Section 404(a) and Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley are significantly more stringent than those previously required of ChargePoint as a privately-held company. Management may not be able to effectively and timely implement controls and procedures that adequately satisfy the compliance and reporting requirements of Section 404(a) and/or Section 404(b) of Sarbanes-Oxley. If ChargePoint is not able to implement these requirements in a timely manner or with adequate compliance, it may not be able to assess whether its internal control over financial reporting is effective, which may subject it to adverse regulatory consequences and could harm investor confidence.
ChargePoint has previously identified material weaknesses in its internal controls over financial reporting. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of ChargePoint’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. For instance, in connection with the preparation and audit of ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements, material weaknesses were identified in its internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2022, and January 31, 2023. Although such material weaknesses were remediated in part as of January 31, 2023, and remediated in full as of January 31, 2024, there can be no assurance that similar internal control over financial reporting issues will not be identified in the future. If ChargePoint cannot remediate future material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in a timely manner, or if ChargePoint identifies additional control deficiencies or material weaknesses over financial reporting that individually or together constitute significant deficiencies or material weaknesses, ChargePoint’s ability to accurately record, process, and report financial information and its ability to prepare financial statements within required time periods, could be adversely affected.
As previously disclosed in ChargePoint’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2023, and in subsequent quarterly reports, ChargePoint did not design and maintain effective controls over certain information technology (“IT”) general controls for information systems that are relevant to the preparation of its consolidated financial statements. Specifically, ChargePoint did not design and maintain (a) program change management controls to ensure that IT program and data changes affecting financial IT applications and underlying accounting records are identified, tested, authorized and implemented appropriately, (b) user access controls to ensure appropriate segregation of duties and that adequately restrict user and privileged access to its financial applications and data to appropriate company personnel and (c) testing and approval controls for program development to ensure that new software development is aligned with business and IT requirements. See Part II, Item 9A. Controls and Procedures in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information related to ChargePoint’s remediation of these material weaknesses during its fiscal year ended January 31, 2024.
In addition, as previously disclosed in ChargePoint’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2022, management concluded ChargePoint did not design and maintain an effective control environment commensurate with its financial reporting requirements. Specifically, (a) ChargePoint did not maintain a sufficient complement of personnel with an appropriate degree of accounting knowledge, experience and training to appropriately analyze, record and disclose accounting matters commensurate with its accounting and reporting requirements, (b) ChargePoint did not design and maintain formal accounting policies, procedures and controls over significant accounts and disclosures to achieve complete, accurate and timely financial accounting, reporting and disclosures, including accounting for complex features associated with warrants, and adequate controls related to the preparation and review of journal entries, and (c) ChargePoint did not design and maintain effective controls related to the valuation of acquired intangible assets, specifically controls over the review of the inputs and assumptions used in the valuation of the acquired assets.
While the material weaknesses related to internal controls over financial reporting previously disclosed by ChargePoint have since been remediated, the process of designing and implementing an effective financial reporting system is a continuous effort that requires ChargePoint to anticipate and react to changes in its business, to economic and regulatory environments and to expend significant resources to maintain a financial reporting system that satisfies its reporting obligations. ChargePoint may be unable to meet
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the reporting demands as a public company, including the requirements of Sarbanes-Oxley, and may be unable to accurately report its financial results, or report them within the timeframes required by law or stock exchange regulations. Failure to comply with Sarbanes-Oxley, when and as applicable, could also potentially subject ChargePoint to sanctions or investigations by the SEC or other regulatory authorities. Any failure to maintain or implement required new or improved controls, or any difficulties ChargePoint encounters in their implementation, could result in additional material weaknesses, cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its reporting obligations or result in material misstatements in its financial statements which could result in violations of applicable securities laws, stock exchange listing requirements, and the covenants under ChargePoint’s debt agreements, subject ChargePoint to litigation and investigations, negatively affect investor confidence in ChargePoint’s financial statements, and adversely impact its stock price and its ability to access capital markets. Furthermore, if ChargePoint cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent material misstatements due to fraud or error, its business and results of operations could be harmed, and investors could lose confidence in its reported financial information. ChargePoint can give no assurance that any additional material weaknesses or restatements of financial results will not arise in the future due to a failure to implement and maintain adequate internal control over financial reporting or any circumvention of these controls. In addition, even if ChargePoint is successful in strengthening its internal controls and procedures, in the future those internal controls and procedures may not be adequate to prevent or sufficiently identify irregularities or errors or to facilitate the fair presentation of ChargePoint’s financial statements.
ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations are likely to fluctuate on a quarterly basis in future periods, which could cause its results for a particular period to fall below expectations, resulting in a decline in the price of its Common Stock.
ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations have fluctuated in the past and may continue to fluctuate in the future due to a variety of factors, many of which are beyond its control.
In addition to the other risks described herein, the following factors could also cause ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations to fluctuate on a quarterly basis:
the timing and volume of new sales, including disruptions in quarterly sales if ChargePoint is unable to drive consistently linear billings during the reporting period, seasonality, channel sell-through, inventory management practices, disruptions in supply chains or availability of new EVs to customers;
fluctuations in service costs, particularly due to unexpected costs of servicing and maintaining charging stations;
the timing of new product introductions, which can initially have lower gross margins, and inventory obsolescence costs related to new product transitions;
the introduction of new products by competitors, changes in pricing or other factors impacting competition;
weaker than anticipated demand for charging stations, whether due to changes in government incentives and policies or due to other conditions such as decrease in demand or overall economic conditions;
fluctuations in sales and marketing or research and development expenses;
supply chain interruptions, volatility in raw material prices and manufacturing or delivery delays;
the timing and availability of new products relative to customers’ and investors’ expectations;
the length of the sales and installation cycle for a particular customer;
disruptions in sales, production, service or other business activities or ChargePoint’s inability to attract and retain qualified personnel; and
unanticipated changes in federal, state, local or foreign government incentive programs, which can affect demand for EVs.
Fluctuations in operating results and cash flow could, among other things, give rise to short-term liquidity issues. In addition, revenue, and other operating results in future quarters may fall short of the expectations of investors and financial analysts, which could have an adverse effect on the price of the Common Stock.
Changes to applicable U.S. tax laws and regulations or exposure to additional income tax liabilities could affect ChargePoint’s business and future profitability.
ChargePoint is a U.S. corporation and thus subject to U.S. corporate income tax on its worldwide operations. Moreover, the majority of ChargePoint’s operations and customers are located in the United States, and as a result, ChargePoint is subject to various U.S. federal, state and local taxes. New U.S. laws and policy relating to taxes may have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business and future profitability. Further, existing U.S. tax laws, statutes, rules, regulations or ordinances could be interpreted, changed, modified or applied adversely to ChargePoint.
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For example, on December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”), was signed into law making significant changes to the Code, and certain provisions of the Tax Act adversely affects ChargePoint. In particular, sweeping changes were made to the U.S. taxation of foreign operations. Changes include, but are not limited to, a reduction to the corporate income tax rate, limiting interest deductions, a reduction to the maximum deduction allowed for net operating losses generated in tax years after December 31, 2017, the elimination of carrybacks of net operating losses, adopting elements of a territorial tax system, assessing a repatriation tax or “toll-charge” on undistributed earnings and profits of U.S.-owned foreign corporations, and introducing certain anti-base erosion provisions, including a new minimum tax on global intangible low-taxed income and base erosion and anti-abuse tax. The Tax Act could be subject to potential amendments and technical corrections, and is subject to interpretations and implementing regulations by the U.S. Treasury and Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), any of which could mitigate or increase certain adverse effects of the legislation. For example, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) modified certain provisions of the Tax Act.
In addition, the Tax Act may impact taxation in non-federal jurisdictions, including with respect to state income taxes as state legislatures respond to the Tax Act, the CARES Act or any newly enacted federal tax legislation. Additionally, other foreign governing bodies have and may enact changes to their tax laws in reaction to the Tax Act, the CARES Act or any newly enacted federal tax legislation that could result in changes to ChargePoint’s global tax position and adversely affect its business and future profitability.
As a result of ChargePoint’s plans to expand operations, including to jurisdictions in which the tax laws may not be favorable, ChargePoint’s tax rate may fluctuate, ChargePoint’s tax obligations may become significantly more complex and subject to greater risk of examination by taxing authorities or ChargePoint may be subject to future changes in tax law, the impacts of which could adversely affect ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial results.
Because ChargePoint does not have a long history of operating at its present scale and it has significant expansion plans, ChargePoint’s effective tax rate may fluctuate in the future. Future effective tax rates could be affected by operating losses in jurisdictions where no tax benefit can be recorded under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”), changes in the composition of earnings in countries with differing tax rates, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities, or changes in tax laws. Factors that could materially affect ChargePoint’s future effective tax rates include, but are not limited to: (a) changes in tax laws or the regulatory environment, (b) changes in accounting and tax standards or practices, (c) changes in the composition of operating income by tax jurisdiction and (d) ChargePoint’s operating results before taxes.
Additionally, ChargePoint’s operations are subject to significant income, withholding and other tax obligations in the United States and may become subject to taxes in numerous additional state, local and non-U.S. jurisdictions with respect to its income, operations and subsidiaries related to those jurisdictions. ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial results could be subject to volatility or be affected by numerous factors, including (a) the availability of tax deductions, credits, exemptions, refunds (including refunds of value added taxes) and other benefits to reduce ChargePoint’s tax liabilities, (b) changes in the valuation of ChargePoint’s deferred tax assets and liabilities, (c) expected timing and amount of the release of any tax valuation allowances, (d) tax treatment of stock-based compensation, (e) changes in the relative amount of ChargePoint’s earnings subject to tax in the various jurisdictions in which ChargePoint operates or has subsidiaries, (f) the potential expansion of ChargePoint’s business into or otherwise becoming subject to tax in additional jurisdictions, (g) changes to ChargePoint’s existing intercompany structure (and any costs related thereto) and business operations, (h) the extent of ChargePoint’s intercompany transactions and the extent to which taxing authorities in the relevant jurisdictions respect those intercompany transactions and (i) ChargePoint’s ability to structure ChargePoint’s operations in an efficient and competitive manner. Due to the complexity of multinational tax obligations and filings, ChargePoint may have a heightened risk related to audits or examinations by U.S. federal, state, local and non-U.S. taxing authorities. Outcomes from these audits or examinations could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial condition. Additionally, the IRS and several foreign tax authorities have increasingly focused attention on intercompany transfer pricing with respect to sales of products and services and the use of intangibles. Tax authorities could disagree with ChargePoint’s intercompany charges, cross-jurisdictional transfer pricing or other matters and assess additional taxes. If ChargePoint does not prevail in any such disagreements, its profitability may be affected.
ChargePoint’s after-tax profitability and financial results may also be adversely impacted by changes in the relevant tax laws and tax rates, treaties, regulations, administrative practices and principles, judicial decisions and interpretations thereof, in each case, possibly with retroactive effect. For example, the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty Related Measures to Prevent Base Erosion and Profit Shifting has entered into force among the jurisdictions that have ratified it, although the United States has not yet entered into this convention. These recent changes could negatively impact ChargePoint’s taxation, especially as ChargePoint expands its relationships and operations internationally.
The ability of ChargePoint to utilize net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards is conditioned upon ChargePoint attaining profitability and generating taxable income. ChargePoint has incurred significant net losses since inception and it is anticipated that ChargePoint will continue to incur significant losses. Additionally, ChargePoint’s ability to utilize net operating loss and tax credit carryforwards to offset future taxable income may be limited.
As of January 31, 2024, ChargePoint had $908.4 million of U.S. federal and $408.1 million of California net operating loss carryforwards available to reduce future taxable income, of which $719.6 million of the U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards can be carried forward indefinitely. The remaining $188.8 million of U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards begin to expire in 2028 and the California state net operating loss carryforwards begin to expire in 2029. In addition, ChargePoint had net operating loss carryforwards for other states of $375.7 million, which begin to expire in 2025. The Tax Act included a reduction to the maximum
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deduction allowed for net operating losses generated in tax years after December 31, 2017 and the elimination of carrybacks of net operating losses. It is possible that ChargePoint will not generate taxable income in time to utilize these net operating loss carryforwards.
In addition, net operating loss carryforwards and certain tax credits may be subject to significant limitations under Section 382 and Section 383 of the Code, respectively, and similar provisions of state law. Under those sections of the Code, if a corporation undergoes an “ownership change,” the corporation’s ability to use its pre-change net operating loss carryforwards and other pre-change attributes, such as research tax credits, to offset its post-change income or tax may be limited. In general, an “ownership change” will occur if there is a cumulative change in ownership by “5% stockholders” that exceeds 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. ChargePoint has experienced ownership changes since its incorporation and is already subject to limitations on its ability to utilize its existing net operating loss carryforwards and other tax attributes to offset taxable income or tax liability. In addition, changes in the ownership of its Common Stock during its fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 and future changes in ChargePoint’s stock ownership, which are outside of ChargePoint’s control, may trigger further ownership changes. Similar provisions of state tax law may also apply to limit ChargePoint’s use of accumulated state tax attributes. As a result, even if ChargePoint earns net taxable income in the future, its ability to use its net operating loss carryforwards and other tax attributes accrued prior to these changes in ownership to offset such taxable income or tax liability may be subject to limitations, which could potentially result in increased future income tax liability to ChargePoint.
ChargePoint performed an analysis to assess whether an “ownership change,” as defined by Section 382 of the Code, has occurred from its inception through January 31, 2024. Based on this analysis, ChargePoint has experienced “ownership changes,” limiting the utilization of the net operating loss carryforwards or research and development tax credit carryforwards under Section 382 of the Code by first multiplying the value of the ChargePoint’s stock at the time of the ownership change by the applicable long-term tax-exempt rate, and then applying additional adjustments, as required. As a result of the ownership changes, approximately $17.1 million of Federal net operating loss carryforwards, $17.9 million of California net operating loss carryforwards, and $4.7 million of federal tax credits were determined to have expired unutilized for income tax purposes. ChargePoint’s net operating losses or credits may also be impaired under state law. Accordingly, ChargePoint may not be able to utilize a material portion of the net operating losses or credits. The ability of ChargePoint to utilize its net operating losses or credits is conditioned upon ChargePoint attaining profitability and generating U.S. federal and state taxable income. ChargePoint has incurred significant net losses since inception and will continue to incur significant losses; and therefore, ChargePoint does not know whether or when the combined carryforwards may be or may become subject to limitation by Sections 382 and 383 of the Code.
ChargePoint’s reported financial results may be negatively impacted by changes in U.S. GAAP.
U.S. GAAP is subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Codification, the SEC and various bodies formed to promulgate and interpret appropriate accounting principles. A change in these principles or interpretations could have a significant effect on reported financial results, and may even affect the reporting of transactions completed before the announcement or effectiveness of a change.
ChargePoint incurs significant increased expenses and administrative burdens as a public company, which could have an adverse effect on its business, financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint faces increased legal, accounting, administrative and other costs and expenses as a public company that it did not incur as a private company. Sarbanes-Oxley, including the requirements of Section 404, as well as rules and regulations subsequently implemented by the SEC, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and the rules and regulations promulgated and to be promulgated thereunder, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and the securities exchanges, impose additional reporting and other obligations on public companies. Compliance with public company requirements increases costs and make certain activities more time-consuming. A number of those requirements require ChargePoint to carry out activities it has not done previously and additional expenses associated with SEC reporting requirements will continue to be incurred. Furthermore, if any issues in complying with those requirements are identified ChargePoint may be subject to additional costs and expenses to come into compliance (see also “Financial, Tax and Accounting-Related Risks —ChargePoint has previously identified material weaknesses in its internal control over financial reporting. If ChargePoint identifies additional material weaknesses in the future or otherwise fails to maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, this may result in material misstatements contained within ChargePoint’s consolidated financial statements or cause ChargePoint to fail to meet its periodic reporting obligations.” for more detail). ChargePoint has incurred costs and could incur additional costs to rectify new issues, and the existence of these issues could adversely affect its reputation or investor perceptions. In addition, as a public company, ChargePoint maintains director and officer liability insurance, for which it must pay substantial premiums. The additional reporting and other obligations imposed by rules and regulations applicable to public companies increase legal and financial compliance costs and the costs of related legal, accounting and administrative activities. Advocacy efforts by stockholders and third-parties may also prompt additional changes in governance and reporting requirements, which could further increase costs.
Risks Related to Legal Matters and Regulations
Privacy concerns and laws, or other domestic or foreign regulations, may adversely affect ChargePoint’s business.
ChargePoint relies on data collected through charging stations or its mobile application, including usage data and geolocation data. ChargePoint uses this data in connection with providing its services and the research, development and analysis of its technologies. Accordingly, ChargePoint may be subject to or affected by a number of federal, state, local and international laws and regulations, as
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well as contractual obligations and industry standards, that impose certain obligations and restrictions with respect to data privacy and security and govern its collection, storage, retention, protection, use, processing, transmission, sharing and disclosure of personal information including that of ChargePoint’s employees, customers, drivers and other third-parties with whom ChargePoint conducts business. National and local governments and agencies in the countries in which ChargePoint operates and in which its customers operate have adopted, are considering adopting, or may adopt laws and regulations regarding the collection, use, storage, processing and disclosure of information regarding consumers and other individuals, which could impact ChargePoint’s ability to offer services in certain jurisdictions. Laws and regulations relating to the collection, use, storage, disclosure, security and other processing of individuals’ information can vary significantly from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and are particularly stringent in Europe. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, laws, regulations, standards and other obligations relating to privacy, data protection and information security are significant. In addition, some companies, particularly larger enterprises, often will not contract with vendors that do not meet these rigorous standards. Accordingly, the failure, or perceived inability, to comply with these laws, regulations, standards and other obligations may limit the use and adoption of ChargePoint’s solutions, reduce overall demand, lead to regulatory investigations, litigation and significant fines, penalties, injunctions or liabilities for actual or alleged noncompliance, or slow the pace at which it closes sales or other transactions, any of which could harm its business. Moreover, if ChargePoint or any of its employees, contractors or vendors fail or are believed to fail to adhere to appropriate practices regarding customers’ or employees’ data, it may damage its reputation and brand.
Additionally, existing laws, regulations, standards and other obligations may be interpreted in new and differing manners in the future, and may be inconsistent among jurisdictions. Future laws, regulations, standards and other obligations, and changes in the interpretation of existing laws, regulations, standards and other obligations could result in increased regulation, increased costs of compliance and penalties for non-compliance, and limitations on data collection, use, disclosure and transfer for ChargePoint and its customers.
In addition, State Attorneys General have begun enforcement actions under the new state privacy laws. Although ChargePoint initiated compliance programs designed to ensure compliance with state privacy laws after consulting with outside privacy counsel, ChargePoint may remain exposed to ongoing legal risks and compliance costs related to state privacy laws as well as evolving privacy and information security standards under consumer protection laws, including those enforced by the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”). In the event ChargePoint is subject to litigation, penalties, or enforcement actions pursuant to the GDPR, UK GDPR, CCPA, the FTC or other applicable state laws, ChargePoint may be subject to fines and penalties, remediation measures which will divert management’s time and attention, as well as harm to its reputation.
Marketing and digital advertising laws such as the EU’s “e-Privacy Directive” and the United States CAN-SPAM Act create further risks for ChargePoint should it not comply with those law’s requirements concerning marketing, cookies and trackers, and email promotions. The CAN-SPAM Act authorizes class actions with statutory damages and the e-Privacy Directive creates a risk of enforcement actions and fines. In the event such a class action or enforcement action is brought against ChargePoint, it may need to expend costs and resources defending such litigation or enforcement action and any potential damages or fines awarded as the result of such actions, which could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business and reputation. In addition to government activity, privacy advocacy groups, the technology industry and other industries have established or may establish various new, additional or different self-regulatory standards that may place additional burdens on technology companies. Customers may expect that ChargePoint will meet voluntary certifications or adhere to other standards established by them or third-parties. If ChargePoint is unable to maintain these certifications or meet these standards, it could reduce demand for its solutions and adversely affect its business.
ChargePoint is subject to risks related to increasing sustainability and environmental, social and governance regulations and disclosure requirements, which may cause ChargePoint to incur significant and additional costs of compliance, and if ChargePoint’s fails to comply with such regulations and reporting requirements its reputation and brand could be damaged, and its business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely impacted.
ChargePoint’s business faces increasing regulation and disclosure obligations related to environmental, social and governance issues, including supply chain management, climate change, safety, diversity and inclusion, workplace conduct, and human rights. For example, in March 2024, the SEC adopted final rules to require public companies to disclose certain climate-related information. The final SEC rules may require ChargePoint to disclose, among other things: material climate-related risks; activities to mitigate or adapt to such risks; information about ChargePoint’s board of directors' oversight of climate-related risks and management’s role in managing material climate-related risks; and information on any climate-related targets or goals that are material to ChargePoint’s business, results of operations, or financial condition.
Likewise, in October 2023, the State of California adopted SB 253, the Climate Corporate Data Accountability Act, which will require ChargePoint to annually disclose Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions and SB 261, Greenhouse Gases: Climate-Related Financial Risk which will require biennial disclosure of a company’s financial risk caused by climate change. In addition, ChargePoint and certain of its subsidiaries may be, subject to the requirements of the European Union’s Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (and its implementing laws, standards and regulations as well as other related European Union directives and regulations), which will require additional disclosures across environmental, social and governance topics, such as climate change, biodiversity, pollution, resource use, human capital management and supply chain labor standards, among other topics.
These and other reporting or disclosure requirements may not entirely align and thus require ChargePoint to duplicate certain or make different efforts or use different reporting methodologies in order to comply with each regulatory requirement. These, and
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additional legislation which may be passed, may cause ChargePoint to incur significant additional costs of compliance due to the need for expanded data collection, analysis, and certification with respect to greenhouse gas emissions and other climate change related risks. ChargePoint may also incur additional costs or require additional resources to monitor, report and comply with such stakeholder expectations, standards and legislation, and to meet climate change targets and commitments if established. If ChargePoint fails to meet applicable standards or expectations with respect to these issues across all of its operations and activities, its reputation and brand could be damaged, and its business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely impacted.
As a result of ChargePoint’s U.S. and international operations, it is subject to a variety of anti-corruption and anti-money laundering laws and regulations, and may face penalties and other adverse consequences for violations if it fails to meet the applicable legal and regulatory requirements.
Because of its U.S. and international operations, ChargePoint is subject to anti-corruption laws and regulations in the U.S. and internationally, including U.S. domestic bribery laws, the FCPA, the U.S. Travel Act, the Anti-Bribery Act and other applicable anti-bribery and corruption laws. In addition, ChargePoint may be subject to anti-money laundering laws in some countries in which it conducts activities. ChargePoint faces significant risks if it fails to comply with the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws, which are interpreted broadly and collectively prohibit companies and their employees, agents, contractors and other third-party intermediaries from promising, authorizing, offering, providing, soliciting and/or receiving, directly or indirectly, improper payments or anything else of value to or from persons in the public or private sector for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, directing business to any person, or otherwise securing an improper advantage. The FCPA also requires U.S. public companies to make and keep books and records that accurately and fairly reflect the transactions of the corporation and to devise and maintain an adequate system of internal accounting controls. Enforcement activities under the FCPA, or other applicable anti- corruption laws or anti-money laundering laws may subject ChargePoint to administrative and legal proceedings and actions, which could result in substantial civil and criminal fines and penalties, imprisonment, the loss of export or import privileges, debarment, tax reassessments, preclusion from participating in public tenders, breach of contract and fraud litigation, adverse media coverage, reputational harm, and other consequences that could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s business, operating results and prospects. In addition, ensuring compliance may be costly and time-consuming and responding to any enforcement action may result in a significant diversion of management’s attention and resources, significant defense costs and other professional fees.
ChargePoint is subject to governmental export controls and economic sanctions laws that could impair its ability to compete in international markets and subject ChargePoint to liability if it is not in full compliance with applicable laws.
ChargePoint’s business activities are subject to various restrictions under U.S. export controls and trade and economic sanctions laws, including the U.S. Commerce Department’s Export Administration Regulations and economic and trade sanctions regulations maintained by the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. The U.S. export control laws and U.S. economic sanctions laws include prohibitions on the sale or supply of certain products and services to U.S. embargoed or sanctioned countries, governments, persons and entities and also require authorization for the export of encryption items. In addition, various countries regulate the import of certain encryption technology, including through import and licensing requirements, and have enacted laws that could limit ChargePoint’s ability to distribute its products and services or could limit ChargePoint’s customers’ ability to implement ChargePoint’s products in those countries. If ChargePoint fails to comply with these laws and regulations, ChargePoint and certain of its employees could be subject to civil or criminal penalties, including the possible loss of export privileges and monetary penalties. Obtaining the necessary authorizations, including any required license, for a particular transaction may be time-consuming, is not guaranteed, and may result in the delay or loss of sales opportunities. ChargePoint’s products may have been in the past, and could in the future be, provided inadvertently in violation of such laws, despite the precautions ChargePoint takes to prevent its products from being provided in violation of such laws. Any violation could result in adverse consequences to ChargePoint, including government investigations and penalties which may adversely affect ChargePoint’s operations and harm its reputation.
Existing and future environmental health and safety laws and regulations could result in increased compliance costs or additional operating costs or construction costs and restrictions. Failure to comply with such laws and regulations may result in substantial fines or other limitations that may adversely impact ChargePoint’s financial results or results of operations.
ChargePoint and its operations, as well as those of ChargePoint’s contractors, suppliers and customers, are subject to certain environmental laws and regulations, including laws related to the use, handling, storage, transportation and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes as well as electronic wastes and hardware, whether hazardous or not. These laws may require ChargePoint or others in ChargePoint’s supply and operations chains to obtain permits and comply with procedures that impose various restrictions and obligations that may have material effects on ChargePoint’s operations. If key permits and approvals cannot be obtained on acceptable terms, or if other operational requirements cannot be met in a manner satisfactory for ChargePoint’s operations or on a timeline that meets ChargePoint’s commercial obligations, it may adversely impact ChargePoint’s business.
Environmental and health and safety laws and regulations can be complex and may be subject to change, such as through new requirements enacted at the supranational, national, sub-national and/or local level or new or modified regulations that may be implemented under existing law. The nature and extent of any changes in these laws, rules, regulations and permits may be unpredictable and may have material effects on ChargePoint’s business. Future legislation and regulations or changes in existing legislation and regulations, or interpretations thereof, including those relating to hardware manufacturing, electronic waste or batteries, could cause additional expenditures, restrictions and delays in connection with ChargePoint’s operations as well as other future projects, the extent of which cannot be predicted.
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Further, ChargePoint currently relies on third-parties to ensure compliance with certain environmental laws, including those related to the disposal of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Any failure to properly handle or dispose of such wastes, regardless of whether such failure is ChargePoint’s or its contractors, may result in liability under environmental laws, including, but not limited to, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, under which liability may be imposed without regard to fault or degree of contribution for the investigation and clean-up of contaminated sites, as well as impacts to human health and damages to natural resources. Additionally, ChargePoint may not be able to secure contracts with third-parties to continue their key supply chain and disposal services for ChargePoint’s business, which may result in increased costs for compliance with environmental laws and regulations.
Risks Related to Ownership of ChargePoint’s Securities
Future sales of ChargePoint’s Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales may occur, could reduce ChargePoint’s stock price, and any conversions of the 2028 Convertible Notes will, and any additional capital raised through the sale of equity or any future convertible securities ChargePoint may issue could, dilute existing stockholders’ ownership.
ChargePoint may raise additional capital through the issuance of equity or debt securities in the future. In that event, the ownership of existing ChargePoint stockholders would be diluted and the value of the stockholders' equity in Common Stock could be reduced. If ChargePoint raised more equity capital from the sale of Common Stock, institutional or other investors may negotiate terms more favorable than the current prices of ChargePoint’s Common Stock. If ChargePoint issues debt securities, the holders of the debt would have a claim to ChargePoint assets that would be prior to the rights of stockholders until the debt is repaid. Interest on these debt securities would increase costs and could negatively impact operating results. In April 2022, ChargePoint completed a private placement of $300.0 million of aggregate principal amount of convertible notes with an original maturity date of April 1, 2027, which were subsequently amended in October 2023 to, among other things, extend the maturity date of the convertible notes until April 1, 2028 (the “2028 Convertible Notes” and such amendment, the “Notes Amendment”). The 2028 Convertible Notes may decrease ChargePoint’s business flexibility and access to capital, require a significant amount of cash to service, dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders and otherwise depress the price of its Common Stock, and delay or hinder an otherwise beneficial takeover of the Company. On July 1, 2022, ChargePoint filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-265986), which permits ChargePoint to offer up to $1.0 billion shares of ChargePoint Common Stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants and rights in one or more offerings and in any combination, including in units from time to time (the “Shelf Registration Statement”). Further, as part of the Shelf Registration Statement, ChargePoint may also sell shares of its Common Stock in “at-the-market” offerings pursuant to that certain common stock sales agreement dated July 1, 2022, by and among ChargePoint and the underwriters thereto (the “ATM Facility”). As of October 31, 2023, $161.6 million of shares of Common Stock remained available for sale pursuant to the ATM Facility. The sale of a substantial number of shares of ChargePoint Common Stock pursuant to the ATM Facility, the Shelf Registration Statement or otherwise, or anticipation of any such sales, could cause the trading price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock to decline or make it more difficult for ChargePoint to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that ChargePoint might otherwise desire. In addition, issuances of any shares of ChargePoint Common Stock sold pursuant to the ATM Facility or any securities sold pursuant to the Shelf Registration Statement will have a dilutive effect on our existing stockholders.
In accordance with Delaware law and the provisions of ChargePoint’s Second Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (the “Charter”), ChargePoint may issue preferred stock that ranks senior in right of dividends, liquidation or voting to its Common Stock. The issuance by ChargePoint of such preferred stock may (a) reduce or eliminate the amount of cash available for payment of dividends to other holders of ChargePoint Common Stock, (b) diminish the relative voting strength of the total shares of Common Stock outstanding as a class, or (c) subordinate the claims of ChargePoint holders of Common Stock to ChargePoint assets in the event of a liquidation. ChargePoint cannot predict the size of future issuances of its Common Stock or any additional issuances of securities convertible into Common Stock or the effect, if any, that future issuances and sales of shares of its Common Stock will have on the market price of its Common Stock. Sales of substantial amounts of ChargePoint Common Stock (including any shares issued upon the conversion of the 2028 Convertible Notes or pursuant to the ATM Facility, the Shelf Registration Statement, or in connection with an acquisition), or the perception that such sales could occur, may adversely affect prevailing market prices of ChargePoint Common Stock.
ChargePoint has entered into a 2027 Revolving Credit Facility that imposes certain restrictions on its business and operations that may affect its ability to operate its business and make payments on its indebtedness.
ChargePoint’s subsidiary ChargePoint, Inc. entered into a revolving credit agreement on July 27, 2023 (the “Revolving Credit Agreement”). The Revolving Credit Agreement provides for a senior secured revolving credit facility in an initial aggregate principal amount of up to $150.0 million, with a maturity date of January 1, 2027 (the “2027 Revolving Credit Facility”). Pursuant to the Revolving Credit Agreement, ChargePoint may from time to time arrange for one or more increases in the commitments under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $150.0 million. The Revolving Credit Agreement contains covenants that, among other things, restrict ChargePoint’s ability to (i) incur additional indebtedness, (ii) incur liens, (iii) sell, transfer, or dispose of property and assets, (iv) invest, (v) make dividends or distributions or other restricted payments and (vi) engage in affiliate transactions, in each case subject to certain dollar baskets and customary carveouts. In addition, ChargePoint is required to comply with a minimum total liquidity covenant to be not less than 150% of the aggregate amount of the lender’s commitment under the Credit Agreement (“Total Liquidity”) which requires ChargePoint to maintain, at all times, Total Liquidity equal to the sum of cash and cash equivalents held by ChargePoint and the other loan parties at controlled accounts with the initial lenders under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility plus the aggregate unused amount of the commitments then available to be drawn under the 2027 Revolving Credit
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Facility. These restrictions may restrict ChargePoint’s current and future operations, particularly its ability to respond to certain changes in its business or industry or take future actions.
ChargePoint’s ability to satisfy and comply with these restrictive covenants may be impacted by events beyond its control and ChargePoint may be unable to do so. The Revolving Credit Agreement and related security agreements provides that ChargePoint’s breach or failure to satisfy certain covenants may constitute an event of default. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the lenders under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility to be immediately due and payable. In addition, the lenders, to whom ChargePoint granted a security interest in substantially all of its assets, including its intellectual property, would have the right to proceed against such assets which were provided as collateral pursuant to the Revolving Credit Agreement and related security agreement. If any debt drawn down under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility was to be accelerated, ChargePoint may not have sufficient cash on hand or be able to generate sufficient cash to repay it, which may have an adverse effect on its business and operating results. Moreover, the Revolving Credit Agreement requires ChargePoint to dedicate a portion of its cash flow from operations to commitment payments and interest payments in the event ChargePoint was to draw down on the commitment amounts under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility, thereby reducing the availability of ChargePoint’s cash to fund working capital, capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes; increasing ChargePoint’s vulnerability to adverse general economic, industry, or competitive developments or conditions; and limiting ChargePoint’s flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in its business and the industry in which it operates or in pursuing its strategic objectives.
ChargePoint may need to raise additional funds and these funds may not be available when needed or may not be available on terms that are favorable to ChargePoint.
ChargePoint may need to raise additional capital in the future to further scale its business and expand to additional markets. ChargePoint may raise additional funds through the issuance of equity, equity-related or debt securities, or through obtaining credit from government or financial institutions. ChargePoint cannot be certain that additional funds will be available on favorable terms when required, or at all. In addition, if ChargePoint cannot raise additional funds when needed, its financial condition, results of operations, business and prospects could be materially and adversely affected. If ChargePoint raises funds through the issuance of debt securities or through loan arrangements, the terms of such arrangements could require significant interest payments or contain covenants that restrict ChargePoint’s business, or other unfavorable terms, any of which could materially adversely affect ChargePoint’s business.
ChargePoint has incurred substantial indebtedness that may decrease its business flexibility, access to capital, and/or increase its borrowing costs, and ChargePoint may still incur substantially more debt, which may adversely affect its operations and financial results.
In April 2022, ChargePoint originally issued the 2028 Convertible Notes and in July 2023, ChargePoint entered into the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility. The indenture for the 2028 Convertible Notes includes a restrictive covenant that, subject to specified exceptions, limits the ability of ChargePoint and its subsidiaries to incur secured debt in excess of $750.0 million. In addition, the indenture includes customary terms and covenants, including certain events of default after which the holders may accelerate the maturity of the 2028 Convertible Notes and declare 100% of the principal of, and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, on, the 2028 Convertible Notes to become due and payable immediately. The 2027 Revolving Credit Facility and related security agreements provide that ChargePoint’s breach or failure to satisfy certain covenants may constitute an event of default. Upon the occurrence of an event of default, the lenders under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility to be immediately due and payable. As a result of these and other terms in the 2028 Convertible Notes and 2027 Revolving Credit Facility, ChargePoint’s indebtedness may:
limit ChargePoint’s ability to borrow additional funds for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other general business purposes;
limit ChargePoint’s ability to use its cash flow or obtain additional financing for future working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions or other general business purposes;
require ChargePoint to use a substantial portion of its cash flow from operations to make debt service payments;
limit ChargePoint’s flexibility to plan for, or react to, changes in its business and industry;
place ChargePoint at a competitive disadvantage compared to its less leveraged competitors; and
increase ChargePoint’s vulnerability to the impact of adverse economic and industry conditions.
Further, the indenture governing the 2028 Convertible Notes does not restrict ChargePoint’s ability to incur additional indebtedness other than secured debt, and as a result ChargePoint and its subsidiaries may incur substantial additional indebtedness in the future.
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ChargePoint has never paid cash dividends on its capital stock and does not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future.
ChargePoint has never paid cash dividends on its capital stock and currently intends to retain any future earnings to fund the growth of its business. Any determination to pay dividends in the future will be at the discretion of the Board and will depend on financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, general business conditions and other factors that the Board may deem relevant. As a result, capital appreciation, if any, of Common Stock will be the sole source of gain for the foreseeable future.
The price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock may be subject to wide fluctuations and purchasers of ChargePoint’s Common Stock could incur substantial losses.
The trading price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock will be volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to various factors, some of which are beyond ChargePoint’s control. These factors include:
actual or anticipated fluctuations in operating results;
failure to meet or exceed financial estimates and projections of the investment community or that ChargePoint provides to the public;
issuance of new or updated research or reports by securities analysts or changed recommendations for the industry in general;
announcements of significant acquisitions, strategic partnerships, joint ventures, collaborations or capital commitments;
changes in competitive factors;
operating and share price performance of other companies in ChargePoint’s industry or related markets;
sales of shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock into the market pursuant to the exercise of registration rights;
the timing and magnitude of investments in the growth of the business;
actual or anticipated changes in laws and regulations, including U.S. monetary policy;
additions or departures of key management or other personnel;
increased labor costs;
significant commercial disputes, litigation or threats of litigation with key commercial partners, investors or stockholders;
disputes or other developments related to intellectual property or other proprietary rights, including litigation;
the ability to market new and enhanced solutions on a timely basis;
sales of substantial amounts of the Common Stock by the members of the Board, executive officers or significant stockholders or the perception that such sales could occur;
changes in capital structure, including future issuances of securities or the incurrence of debt; and
general economic, political and market conditions, including those resulting from the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, conflicts in the Middle East and increased trade restrictions by governmental and private entities.
In addition, the stock market in general, and the stock prices of technology companies in particular, have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. Broad market and industry factors likely have seriously affected and may continue to seriously affect the market price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock, regardless of actual operating performance. In addition, in the past, following periods of volatility in the overall market and the market price of a particular company, such a company has often been subject to increased shareholder activism, hostile bids attempts or securities class action litigation. If ChargePoint is subject to increased shareholder activism, hostile bids or additional securities class action litigation as a result of actual and potential market price volatility described above, it could result in substantial costs, divert management’s attention and resources and could have an adverse effect on ChargePoint’s operating results, financial condition and results of operations.
ChargePoint has been and may in the future be subject to securities class action and stockholder derivative actions. These, and potential similar or related litigation, could result in substantial damages and may divert management’s time and attention from ChargePoint’s business and adversely impact its business, results of operations and financial condition.
ChargePoint has been, and may in the future become, the target of securities class actions or stockholder derivative claims. Securities-related class action litigation has often been brought against companies, including many special purpose acquisition corporations which ChargePoint was prior to the Merger, as the result of volatility experienced in the market price of their securities.
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This risk is especially relevant for ChargePoint as it experiences significant stock price volatility in connection with the expansion of the nascent electric vehicle charging infrastructure market, introduction of new products and the transition of executive management members. Volatility in ChargePoint’s stock price and other matters affecting ChargePoint’s business and operations may subject ChargePoint to actual and threatened securities class actions or stockholder derivative claims. Regardless of merit or outcome, ChargePoint’s involvement in any litigation or other administrative proceedings could cause ChargePoint to incur substantial expense and could significantly divert the efforts of ChargePoint’s management. Any public announcements related to litigation or administrative proceedings initiated or threatened against ChargePoint could cause its stock price to decline.
Servicing the 2028 Convertible Note obligations will require a significant amount of cash. ChargePoint may not have sufficient cash flow from its business to pay its outstanding debt, and ChargePoint may not have the ability to raise the funds necessary to settle conversions of the 2028 Convertible Notes in cash or to repurchase the 2028 Convertible Notes upon a fundamental change, which could adversely affect its business and results of operations.
ChargePoint’s ability to make scheduled payments of the principal of, to pay interest on, or to refinance its indebtedness, including the amounts payable under the 2028 Convertible Notes and any amounts draw under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility, depends on its future performance, which is subject to economic, financial, competitive, and other factors beyond its control. ChargePoint’s business may not generate cash flow from operations in the future sufficient to service its indebtedness and make necessary capital expenditures. Interest on the 2028 Convertible Notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 1 and October 1, and the 2028 Convertible Notes will mature on April 1, 2028, unless redeemed, repurchased or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date. While ChargePoint can elect to make any interest payment in cash, paid in kind through an increase in the principal amount of the 2028 Convertible Notes, referred to as PIK Interest, or any combination thereof, to the extent ChargePoint elects PIK Interest, the 2028 Convertible Notes bear interest at a rate of 8.50% per annum, compared to 7.00% per annum to the extent paid in cash. If ChargePoint is unable to generate sufficient cash flow to pay the principal and/or interest on its indebtedness, ChargePoint’s flexibility in how it pays interest on the 2028 Convertible Notes may be limited and it may be required to adopt one or more alternatives, such as selling assets, restructuring debt, or obtaining additional equity capital on terms that may be onerous or highly dilutive, to pay its outstanding indebtedness. ChargePoint’s ability to refinance its indebtedness will depend on the capital markets and its financial condition at such time. For example, interest rate increases and/or other monetary policy changes, could ultimately result in higher short-term and/or long-term interest rates and could otherwise impact the general availability of credit. Higher prevailing interest rates and/or a tightening supply of credit would adversely affect the terms upon which ChargePoint would be able to refinance its indebtedness, if at all. As a result, ChargePoint may not be able to engage in any of these activities or engage in these activities on desirable terms, which could result in a default on its debt obligations.
In the event of a fundamental change or a change in control transaction (each such term as defined in the indenture governing the 2028 Convertible Notes), holders of the 2028 Convertible Notes will have the right to require ChargePoint to repurchase all or a portion of their 2028 Convertible Notes at a price equal to 100% of the capitalized principal amount of 2028 Convertible Notes, in the case of a fundamental change, or 125% of the capitalized principal amount of 2028 Convertible Notes, in the case of a change in control transaction, in each case plus any accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the repurchase date. This feature of the 2028 Convertible Notes could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of ChargePoint, whether or not it is desired by, or beneficial to, ChargePoint’s stockholders, and may result in the acquisition of ChargePoint on terms less favorable to its stockholders than it would otherwise be, or could require ChargePoint to pay a portion of the consideration available in such a transaction to holders of the 2028 Convertible Notes. In addition, upon conversion of the 2028 Convertible Notes, unless ChargePoint elects to deliver solely shares of its Common Stock to settle such conversion (other than paying cash in lieu of delivering any fractional share), ChargePoint will be required to make cash payments in respect of the 2028 Convertible Notes being converted. However, ChargePoint may not have enough available cash, or be able to obtain sufficient financing, at the time it is required to pay cash with respect to the 2028 Convertible Notes being converted.
The conditional conversion feature of the 2028 Convertible Notes, when triggered, may adversely affect ChargePoint’s financial condition and operating results. In addition, any such conversion of the 2028 Convertible Notes will dilute the ownership interest of existing stockholders, including holders who had previously converted their 2028 Convertible Notes, or may otherwise depress ChargePoint’s stock price.
Prior to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding January 1, 2027, the 2028 Convertible Notes will be convertible subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions set forth in the indenture for such 2028 Convertible Notes. On or after January 1, 2027, holders of the 2028 Convertible Notes will have the right to convert all or a portion of their 2028 Convertible Notes at any time prior to close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately preceding the maturity date. Once any such conditional conversion feature of the 2028 Convertible Notes is triggered, holders of the 2028 Convertible Notes will be entitled to convert their 2028 Convertible Notes at any time during the specified periods at their option. If one or more holders elect to convert their 2028 Convertible Notes, unless ChargePoint elects to satisfy its conversion obligation by delivering solely shares of its Common Stock (other than paying cash in lieu of delivering any fractional share), ChargePoint would be required to settle a portion or all of its conversion obligation in cash, which could adversely affect its liquidity.
In addition, the conversion of some or all of the 2028 Convertible Notes will dilute the ownership interests of existing stockholders to the extent ChargePoint delivers shares of Common Stock upon such conversion. Any sales in the public market of ChargePoint Common Stock issuable upon such conversion could adversely affect prevailing market prices of ChargePoint Common Stock. In addition, the existence of the 2028 Convertible Notes may encourage short selling by market participants because the
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conversion of the 2028 Convertible Notes could be used to satisfy short positions, or anticipated conversion of the 2028 Convertible Notes into shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock could depress ChargePoint’s stock price.
The accounting method for convertible debt securities that may be settled in cash, such as the 2028 Convertible Notes, could have a material effect on ChargePoint’s reported financial results.
The accounting method for reflecting the 2028 Convertible Notes on ChargePoint’s balance sheet, accruing interest expense for the 2028 Convertible Notes, and reflecting the underlying shares of its Common Stock in ChargePoint’s reported diluted earnings per share may adversely affect its reported earnings and financial condition.
ChargePoint expects that, under applicable accounting principles, the initial liability carrying amount of the Original Convertible Notes will be the fair value of a similar debt instrument that does not have a conversion feature, valued using its cost of capital for straight, unconvertible debt. ChargePoint has reflected the difference between the net proceeds from the sale of the Original Convertible Notes and the initial carrying amount as a debt discount for accounting purposes, which is amortized into interest expense over the term of the Original Convertible Notes. The Notes Amendment resulted in the Company utilizing modification accounting, which resulted in the increase in the fair value of the embedded conversion option feature to further reduce the carrying value of the 2028 Convertible Notes, as amended, resulting in an increase in debt issuance cost to be amortized to interest expense over the repayment period. As a result of this amortization, the interest expense to be recognized for the 2028 Convertible Notes for accounting purposes will be greater than the cash interest payments ChargePoint may pay on the 2028 Convertible Notes, were it to elect to pay interest in cash, which results in lower reported net income. The lower reported income (or higher net loss) resulting from this accounting treatment could depress the trading price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and the 2028 Convertible Notes. In addition, under Accounting Standards Update 2020-06, Debt--Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging--Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40), diluted earnings per share is generally calculated assuming that all the 2028 Convertible Notes were converted solely into shares of Common Stock at the beginning of the reporting period, unless the result would be anti-dilutive. The application of this “if-converted” method may reduce ChargePoint’s reported diluted earnings per share.
Furthermore, if any of the conditions to the convertibility of the 2028 Convertible Notes is satisfied, then ChargePoint may be required under applicable accounting standards to reclassify the liability carrying value of the 2028 Convertible Notes as a current, rather than a long-term, liability. This reclassification could be required even if no noteholders convert their 2028 Convertible Notes and could materially reduce ChargePoint’s reported working capital.
The coverage of ChargePoint’s business or its securities by securities or industry analysts or the absence thereof could adversely affect the trading price and volume of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and other securities.
The trading market for ChargePoint’s securities is influenced in part by the research and other reports that industry or securities analysts publish about ChargePoint or its business or industry from time to time. ChargePoint does not control these analysts or the content and opinions included in their reports. If no or few analysts continue equity research coverage of ChargePoint, the trading price and volume of ChargePoint’s securities would likely be negatively impacted. If analysts do cover ChargePoint and one or more of them downgrade its securities, or if they issue other unfavorable commentary about ChargePoint or its industry or inaccurate research, the trading price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and other securities would likely decline. Furthermore, if one or more of these analysts cease coverage or fail to regularly publish reports on ChargePoint, it could lose visibility in the financial markets. Any of the foregoing would likely cause the trading price and volume of ChargePoint’s Common Stock and other securities to decline.
Anti-takeover provisions contained in ChargePoint’s governing documents and applicable laws could impair a takeover attempt.
ChargePoint’s Charter and Amended and Restated Bylaws (the “A&R Bylaws”) afford certain rights and powers to the Board that could contribute to the delay or prevention of an acquisition that it deems undesirable. ChargePoint is also subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law and other provisions of Delaware law that limit the ability of stockholders in certain situations to effect certain mergers. Any of the foregoing provisions and terms that have the effect of delaying or deterring a change in control could limit the opportunity for stockholders to receive a premium for their shares of their Common Stock and could also affect the price that some investors are willing to pay for the Common Stock. ChargePoint’s Charter provides, subject to limited exceptions, that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the sole and exclusive forum for certain stockholder litigation matters, which could limit stockholders’ ability to obtain a more favorable judicial forum for disputes with ChargePoint or its directors, officers, employees or stockholders.
The Charter requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought on behalf of ChargePoint, actions against current or former directors, officers, stockholders or, subject to certain exceptions, employees for breach of fiduciary duty and certain other actions may be brought in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware or, if that court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, another federal or state court situated in the State of Delaware. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring or holding any interest in shares of capital stock of ChargePoint shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the forum provisions in the certificate of incorporation. In addition, the Charter and A&R Bylaws provide that, unless ChargePoint consents in writing to another
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forum, the federal district courts of the United States shall, to the fullest extent of the law, be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.
The choice of forum provision in ChargePoint’s Charter may limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with ChargePoint or any of its directors, officers, other employees or stockholders, which may discourage lawsuits with respect to such claims. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, ChargePoint may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could harm its business, operating results and financial condition.
Warrants are exercisable for ChargePoint’s Common Stock, which would increase the number of shares eligible for future resale in the public market and result in dilution to ChargePoint’s stockholders.
As of January 31, 2024, the warrants to purchase Legacy ChargePoint common stock (the “Legacy Warrants”) were exercisable for 34,499,436 shares of Common Stock. Any shares of ChargePoint’s Common Stock issued upon exercise of Legacy Warrants will result in dilution to the then existing holders of Common Stock and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market could adversely affect the market price of ChargePoint’s Common Stock.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.
Item 1C. Cybersecurity
Risk Management Strategy and Framework
ChargePoint relies on critical internal and third-party information technology systems, including its Cloud Services, mobile applications, networked charging systems and network operating system, to deliver its products and services to charging station owners and EV drivers. In addition, ChargePoint stores and maintains personal, confidential and private information, including information related to its customers, vendors, mobile application users and employees. ChargePoint refers to the foregoing as its “IT Infrastructure and Confidential Information.”
To safeguard the privacy and security of ChargePoint’s IT Infrastructure and Confidential Information, ChargePoint has implemented a nine-point information security management program designed to identify cybersecurity threats, assess risks, implement remediation measures, and to support internal or external reporting, as set forth below:
Product & Application Security – focuses on building capabilities to detect, mitigate, and monitor security risks to ChargePoint’s hardware (networked charging stations, embedded devices, and telematics devices) and software (Cloud Services, web and mobile) products. ChargePoint conducts internal and external penetration tests, scans code and runs an active bug bounty program to detect security flaws within its architecture, design, and product components. ChargePoint’s comprehensive risk management plan then associates identified findings to ChargePoint’s risk mitigation roadmaps;
Cloud & IT Infrastructure Security – focuses on detecting, mitigating, and monitoring risks to ChargePoint’s critical information technology and Cloud infrastructure that supports its network and products. ChargePoint has configured tools to continuously scan its Cloud infrastructure operating systems, containers, and code pipeline to detect vulnerabilities and software flaws, which are then remediated through its patch management program;
Data Security – focuses on building capabilities to detect, mitigate, and monitor risks to confidential (intellectual property, financials, etc.) and sensitive data (customer data, personally identifiable information, security data, etc.) and secures the data at rest and in transmission through cryptographic mechanisms;
Identity & Access Management Security – focuses on securely creating and managing identities and authorizing appropriate role-based access to ChargePoint’s network environment based on best practices;
Security Compliance – focuses on complying with applicable cybersecurity regulatory requirements and continuously monitoring the ChargePoint network environment to detect and mitigate non-compliance. ChargePoint engages external auditors and consultants to assess its information security management program as well as compliance with standards. As of January 2024, ChargePoint’s information security management programs have been certified as compliant with the ISO: 27001, SOC 2 Type 2, PCI DSS standards and with the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP);
End User Security Risks – focuses on building capabilities to detect, monitor and mitigate security risks that arise from negligence and malicious insider intent. In addition to securing endpoints and their access to ChargePoint’s network environment, ChargePoint implements an active cybersecurity training and awareness program for its workforce which
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includes cybersecurity awareness training for all employees during onboarding and then annually thereafter. Similarly, each employee that has access to ChargePoint’s payment processing information technology environment or dedicated federal cloud environment are provided specific PCI DSS and FedRAMP awareness training prior to being granted such access and annually thereafter. ChargePoint also conducts annual phishing tests and leverages internal public forums such as townhalls, slack channels, and email newsletters to provide guidance and keep employees updated on the latest cybersecurity threats, trends, and attacks;
Third-Party Security Risks – focuses on building capabilities to detect, mitigate, and monitor security risks that arise from vendors and suppliers. All ChargePoint third-party service providers are subject to a ranking and risk assessment evaluation prior to contracting with such service provider, during which time, ChargePoint assesses the third-party service providers’ security posture, practices, and relevant certifications;
Cyber Threats – focuses on building cyber threat identification capabilities by, among other methods, implementation of manual and automated tools, subscribing to reports and services to identify, detect, monitor and mitigate cyber threats in ChargePoint’s environment on an ongoing basis. In the event a threat or risk is identified, ChargePoint maintains and implements an incident response plan. Incidents, once identified or reported, are investigated by the security operation center (SOC) and incident response (IR) teams to determine the magnitude of any impact, exposure to and affects upon ChargePoint assets (if any), and to work to respond to the incident, quarantine any threat and minimize exposure to ChargePoint and its customers or vendors; and
Privacy – focuses on building capabilities to safeguard the privacy of ChargePoint’s customers, employees, and partners in alignment with local and global privacy regulations.
Assessing, identifying and managing cybersecurity related risks are integrated into ChargePoint’s overall risk operating model. To the extent cybersecurity risks are identified, risk leads are assigned to gather findings and identify gaps, escalate critical or high risks and report findings to ChargePoint’s Chief Information Security Officer (“CISO”). The CISO presents critical risks and risk heat maps to the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors at least annually or more frequently as necessary. Despite ChargePoint’s investments to detect, mitigate, and monitor risks across its products, services, and operational environment, no information security management program can fully guarantee protection against all potential cybersecurity risks, and there can be no assurances that ChargePoint will not be materially affected by such risks in the future. ChargePoint remains committed to continuously enhancing its information security management program to safeguard its IT Infrastructure and Confidential Information.
Cybersecurity Leadership and Management
ChargePoint’s information security management programs are designed and implemented by its Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and Sr. Director, Information, Security and Privacy, who, combined, have thirty-three years of experience in information technology security and privacy. ChargePoint’s management team, including its information technology (IT) management team, is responsible for assessing and managing its material risks from cybersecurity threats. The IT management team has primary responsibility for ChargePoint’s overall cybersecurity risk management program and supervises both its internal cybersecurity personnel and retained external cybersecurity consultants. ChargePoint’s IT management team has certifications from various organizations, such as CISSP (Certified Information Security Professional), CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker), CIPP (Certified Information Privacy Professional), CIPM (Certified Information Privacy Manager), OSCE (Offensive Security Certified Expert) and CISA (Certified Information Systems Auditor).
ChargePoint’s IT Infrastructure and Confidential Information is managed and secured across functional reporting lines with segregated duties for responsible individuals for (1) Cloud security, SOC, and individual access management, (2) governance, risk, compliance and privacy, (3) product security, and (4) infrastructure. ChargePoint’s risk assessment methodology implements continuous reporting requirements of ChargePoint’s cybersecurity risk management performance, which includes (i) a quarterly risk program status report to ChargePoint’s CISO and Sr. Director, Information, Security and Privacy and (ii) executive reports by both the CISO and Sr. Director, Information Security and Privacy on ChargePoint’s cybersecurity risk posture to executive leadership no less than every six months.
Board Oversight of Cybersecurity Risk
The Audit Committee of ChargePoint’s Board of Directors has primary responsibility for overseeing ChargePoint’s information security management program relating to its IT Infrastructure and Confidential Information. As part of the Audit Committee’s oversight of risks from cybersecurity threats, the CISO leads an annual review and discussion with the Board of Directors dedicated to ChargePoint’s information security management program. The CISO provides updates on ChargePoint’s information security management program to the Audit Committee at least every six months and additional updates throughout the year as necessary.
For further information regarding the risks to ChargePoint associated with cybersecurity incidents and other events, including information and security breaches, and how such risks may affect ChargePoint, see the Risk Factors in Part 1, Item 1A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K entitled, “ChargePoint is highly reliant on its networked charging solution and information technology systems and
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data, and those of its service providers and component suppliers, any of which systems and data may be subject to cyber-attacks, service disruptions or other security incidents, which could result in data breaches, loss or interruption of services, intellectual property theft, claims, litigation, regulatory investigations, significant liability, reputational damage and other adverse consequences” and “Computer malware, viruses, ransomware, hacking, phishing attacks and similar disruptions could result in security and privacy breaches and interruption in service, which could harm ChargePoint’s business.” To date, ChargePoint has not identified any risks from a cybersecurity threat or incident, that the Company believes has, or is reasonably likely to, materially affect ChargePoint, its business strategy, results of operation or financial condition.
Item 2. Properties.
The corporate headquarters and principal operations is located in Campbell, California, and consists of approximately 62,000 square feet of office space under leases that expire on August 31, 2029. ChargePoint believes this space is sufficient to meet its needs for the foreseeable future and that any additional space ChargePoint may require will be available on commercially reasonable terms. ChargePoint also leases facilities in Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Gurgaon and Bangalore, India; Radstadt, Austria; Munich, Germany and Reading, United Kingdom; as well as smaller sales offices in the United States and Europe.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
Information with respect to this item may be found in Note 7, Commitments and Contingencies, in the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, under “Legal Proceedings” which is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
Market Information for Common Stock
ChargePoint’s Common Stock is traded under the symbol “CHPT” and is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
Dividend Policy
ChargePoint has never declared or paid dividend on its Common Stock and has no plans to do so in the foreseeable future.
Number of Common Stockholders
As of March 19, 2024, there were approximately 338 holders of record of ChargePoint’s Common Stock. The actual number of stockholders is greater than this number of record holders and includes stockholders who are beneficial owners but whose shares are held in street name by brokers and other nominees.
Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
Stock Performance
The following shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, or incorporated by reference into any of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.'s other filings under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except to the extent ChargePoint specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.
The graph below matches ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.'s cumulative total shareholder return on Common Stock with the cumulative total returns of the S&P Midcap 400 index, the S&P Application Software index, and the S&P 500 Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals index. The graph tracks the performance of a $100 investment in ChargePoint's Common Stock and in each index (with the reinvestment of all dividends) from September 16, 2019 to January 31, 2024.
CHPT FY24 Chart.jpg

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The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future price performance.
Company/IndexSeptember 16, 2019January 31, 2020January 31, 2021January 31, 2022January 31, 2023January 31, 2024
ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.$100.00 $102.46 $389.96 $141.91 $124.39 $19.47 
S&P Midcap 400$100.00 $107.46 $127.30 $145.19 $148.59 $155.68 
S&P Application Software$100.00 $117.05 $154.77 $174.16 $137.81 $211.37 
S&P 500 Technology Hardware, Storage & Peripherals$100.00 $137.68 $230.27 $307.62 $269.95 $345.54 
Item 6. [Reserved.]
Not applicable.
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The following discussion and analysis provides information which ChargePoint’s management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of ChargePoint’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition. ChargePoint’s fiscal year ends on January 31. References to fiscal years 2024, 2023, and 2022, relate to the fiscal years ended January 31, 2024, January 31, 2023, and January 31, 2022, respectively. This section of this Form 10-K discusses fiscal year 2024 and 2023 items and year-to-year comparisons between fiscal year 2024 and 2023. Discussions of fiscal year 2022 items and year-over-year comparisons between fiscal year 2023 and fiscal year 2022 are not included in this Form 10-K, and can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on April 3, 2023. The discussion should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and related notes that are included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion may contain forward-looking statements based upon current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. ChargePoint’s actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” included under Part I, Item 1 A.
Overview
ChargePoint designs, develops and markets networked electric vehicle (“EV”) charging system infrastructure (“Networked Charging Systems”) connected through cloud-based services (“Cloud” or “Cloud Services”) which (i) enable charging systems owners, or hosts, to manage their Networked Charging Systems, and (ii) enable drivers to locate, reserve and authenticate Networked Charging Systems and to transact EV charging sessions on those systems. ChargePoint’s Networked Charging Systems, subscriptions and other offerings provide an open platform that integrates with system hardware from ChargePoint and other manufacturers, connecting systems over an intelligent network that provides real-time information about charging sessions and full control, support and management of the Networked Charging Systems. This network provides multiple web-based portals for charging system owners, fleet managers, drivers and utilities.
ChargePoint generates revenue primarily through the sale of Networked Charging Systems, Cloud Services and extended parts and labor warranties (“Assure”). The Company also generates revenue, in some instances, by providing customers use of ChargePoint’s owned and operated Networked Charging Systems, Cloud Services and Assure into a single multi-year or annual subscription (“ChargePoint as a Service” or “CPaaS”). Each of Cloud Services, Assure and CPaaS is typically paid for upfront and revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the subscription period.
ChargePoint targets three key verticals: commercial, fleet and residential. Commercial customers have parking places largely within their workplaces and include retail, hospitality, healthcare, fueling and convenience and parking lot operators. Fleet includes municipal buses, delivery and work vehicles, port/airport/warehouse and other industrial applications, ridesharing services, and is expected to eventually include autonomous transportation. Residential includes single family homes and multifamily residences.
On February 26, 2021 (“Closing Date”), Switchback Energy Acquisition Corporation (“Switchback”) consummated the previously announced transactions pursuant to which Lightning Merger Sub Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Switchback (“Lightning Merger Sub”), merged with ChargePoint, Inc. (“Legacy ChargePoint”) pursuant to a Merger Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of September 23, 2020, by and among the Company, Lightning Merger Sub, and Switchback (“Merger Agreement”). Legacy ChargePoint survived as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Switchback (“Merger” and, collectively with the other transactions described in the Merger Agreement, the “Reverse Recapitalization”). Further, as a result of the Merger, Switchback was renamed “ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.”
Since its inception in 2007, ChargePoint has been engaged in developing and marketing its Networked Charging Systems, subscriptions and other offerings, raising capital and recruiting personnel. ChargePoint has incurred net operating losses and negative cash flows from operations in every year since its inception. As of January 31, 2024 and 2023, ChargePoint had an accumulated deficit
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of $1,614.4 million and $1,156.8 million, respectively. ChargePoint has funded its operations primarily from customer payments, the issuance of common stock, redeemable convertible preferred stock and convertible notes, exercise proceeds from options and warrants, borrowings under loan facilities and proceeds from the Reverse Recapitalization.
Recent Developments
September 2023 Reorganization
In September 2023, the Company implemented a reorganization plan to reduce its operating expenses and increase efficiencies (the “September 2023 Reorganization”). The Reorganization entailed a reduction in force of approximately 10% of the Company’s global workforce at the time, and other actions to reduce expenses. During the twelve months ended January 31, 2024, the Company incurred $15.6 million of employee severance, termination and employment-related exit cost, as well as accelerated depreciation of right-of-use assets and other facilities and contract termination charges. As of January 31, 2024, restructuring-related liabilities were $0.5 million. The majority of the remaining restructuring-related liabilities, which includes employee severance and benefits and facilities-related exit costs, will be disbursed in the first quarter of fiscal 2025.
January 2024 Reorganization
In January 2024, the Company implemented an additional reorganization plan to reduce its operating expenses and further increase efficiencies (the “January 2024 Reorganization”). The January 2024 Reorganization entailed a reduction in force of approximately 12% of the Company’s global workforce and other actions to reduce expense. The Company incurred $9.9 million of employee severance, termination and employment-related exit costs and $2.7 million of facility exit costs, including impairment charges and accelerated depreciation of right-of-use assets. As of January 31, 2024, restructuring-related liabilities were $10.6 million. These remaining restructuring-related liabilities, which primarily includes employee severance and benefits, will be disbursed in the first quarter of fiscal 2025.
Refer to Note 14, Restructuring, in the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report.
Key Factors Affecting Operating Results
ChargePoint believes its performance and future success depend on several factors that present significant opportunities for it but also pose risks and challenges, including those discussed below:
Growth in EV Adoption
ChargePoint believes its revenue growth is tied to the number of passenger and commercial EVs sold, which it believes drives the demand for EV charging infrastructure. The market for EVs is still rapidly evolving and although demand for EVs has grown in recent years, the rate of EV sales is highly volatile and there is no guarantee of future demand for EV sales. Factors impacting the adoption of EVs include but are not limited to: perceptions about EV features, quality, safety, performance and cost; perceptions about the limited range over which EVs may be driven on a single battery charge; volatility in the cost of oil and gasoline; availability of services for EVs; consumers’ perception about the convenience, reliability and cost of charging EVs; and increases in fuel efficiency of internal combustion engine vehicles. Further, numerous EV auto manufacturers have recently announced delays in their previously announced plans to migrate their manufacturing production to be solely or primarily EVs. In addition, macroeconomic factors, including governmental mandates and incentives and the impact of rising interest rates, inflation and a potential economic recession, could impact demand for EVs, particularly since they can be more expensive to purchase than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. Further, geopolitical factors, such as the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine, conflicts in the Middle East, conflicts between the United States and China or between China and Taiwan may negatively impact the global automotive supply chain and reduce the manufacturing of automobiles, including EVs. If the market for EVs does not develop as expected, if there is any slow-down or delay in overall EV adoption, or if auto manufacturers delay their EV manufacturing rates or eliminate their plans to transition to predominately EV manufacturing, the rate of EV adoption may be adversely affected and the market for EV charging may not develop and as a result, ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely impacted.
Competition
ChargePoint is currently a market leader in North America in commercial Level 2 Alternating Current (“AC”) charging. ChargePoint also offers AC chargers for use at home or multifamily settings and for fleet applications, and high-power Level 3 Direct Current (“DC”) chargers for fast urban charging, corridor or long-trip charging and fleet applications. ChargePoint intends to expand its market share over time in its product categories, leveraging the network effect of its products and Cloud Services software. Existing competitors may expand their product offerings and sales strategies, and new competitors may enter the market. Historically, ChargePoint has sold its Networked Charging Systems and Cloud Services as an integrated “full-stack” offering, providing its customers with a sole-source solution for their EV charging needs, especially in the United States. Recently, ChargePoint has seen an increase in the frequency of customers seeking to disaggregate their networked charging solutions and to implement independent hardware and charging management software solutions, particularly for national or global commercial retailers and large fleet operators. While
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ChargePoint enables charge station operators to choose ChargePoint’s Cloud Services and select their choice of third-party hardware and enables e-mobility services providers to build and integrate their solutions with ChargePoint’s Cloud Services, there is no guarantee that this distributed sales model will be successful. If ChargePoint’s market share decreases due to increased competition, or if ChargePoint is unable to compete with a disaggregate EV charging solutions sales model, its financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely impacted. Furthermore, ChargePoint’s success could be negatively impacted if consumers and businesses choose other types of alternative fuel vehicles or high fuel-economy gasoline powered vehicles.
Europe Expansion
ChargePoint operates in North America and several countries in Europe. Europe is expected to be a significant contributor to ChargePoint’s revenue in future years. ChargePoint has been and is investing heavily to succeed in Europe. ChargePoint is also working to grow its European business through partnerships with channel partners and car leasing companies and through its acquisitions of ViriCiti B.V. (“ViriCiti”) and has•to•be gmbh (“HTB”). In Europe, ChargePoint primarily competes with other providers of EV charging station networks. ChargePoint’s growth in Europe requires differentiating itself as compared to these existing competitors. If ChargePoint is unable to continue penetrating the market in Europe, its financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely impacted.
Fleet Expansion
ChargePoint’s future growth is also highly dependent upon its success in EV fleet applications, where there is increasing competition, a high customer dependency on the expected increase in the arrival rate of new vehicles, and likely high concentrations and volatility of purchasing as fleet operators ultimately choose their key providers and make large purchases of EVs. As noted above, the customer trend to make independent EV charging hardware and charging management software procurement selections is more prevalent in the fleet market. Any significant decline in purchases from these customers or increased competition for these customers may have an adverse impact on ChargePoint’s potential for future growth. If ChargePoint is not successful in the fleet vertical, its financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
Impact of New Product Releases and Investments in Growth
As ChargePoint introduces new products, such as the release of its Express Plus DC fast charger in fiscal year 2022 and CP6000 Level 2 AC charger in fiscal year 2023, its gross margins may be initially negatively impacted by launch costs and lower volumes until it achieves targeted cost reductions. Cost reductions may not occur on the timeline ChargePoint expects due to a number of factors, including but not limited to failure to meet its own estimates, unanticipated supply chain difficulties, government mandates or certification requirements. In addition, ChargePoint may accelerate its expenditures where it sees growth opportunities, which may negatively impact gross margin until upfront costs and inefficiencies are absorbed and normalized operations are achieved. Further, ChargePoint has historically invested in prioritizing an assurance of supply of its products and new customer acquisition as part of its “land and expand” model, which puts pressure on gross margins and increases operating expenses. ChargePoint also continuously evaluates and may adjust its expenditures, such as new product introduction costs, based on its launch plans for new products, as well as other factors including the pace and prioritization of current projects under development and the addition of new projects. As ChargePoint attains higher revenue, it expects operating expenses as a percentage of total revenue to decrease as it scales and focuses on increasing operational efficiency and process automation.

ChargePoint intends to use third-party contract manufacturers and design partners for targeted new research and development initiatives with the goals of controlling development costs and decreasing operating expenses. ChargePoint believes such partnerships will allow it to better manage research and development expenses, improve the speed and quality of new product development and increase its efficiencies by leveraging the design talent and supply chains of these partners. Implementing third-party design partners for new research and development initiatives will require sophisticated oversight, quality programs and cost-control initiatives. If ChargePoint is not successful in its use of third-party contract manufacturers and design partners for new product development its financial conditions, gross margins and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.
Government Mandates, Incentives and Programs
The U.S. federal government, certain foreign governments and some state and local governments provide incentives to end users and purchasers of EVs and EV infrastructure in the form of rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives. These governmental rebates, tax credits and other financial incentives significantly lower the effective price of EVs and EV infrastructure to customers. For example, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act signed into law on November 15, 2021 (the “Jobs Act”) provided additional funding for EVs and EV charging infrastructure through the creation of new programs and grants and the expansion of existing programs, including $7.5 billion for EV charging along highway corridors and communities. In addition, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (the “IRA”) signed into law on August 16, 2022 includes incentives and tax credits aimed at reducing the effects of climate change, such as the extension of electric vehicle charging infrastructure tax credits under Section 30C and tax credits for electric vehicles under Section 30D of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) through 2032. There are numerous restrictions and requirements associated with qualifying for the electric vehicle tax credits available under the IRA and ChargePoint is still assessing how the IRA may
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impact its business and EV sales generally. Further, incentives such as the Jobs Act and the IRA take time to be disbursed and to affect actual expenditure decisions. These incentives may also expire on specified dates, end when the allocated funding is no longer available, or be reduced or terminated as a matter of regulatory or legislative policy. Any reduction in rebates, tax credits or other financial incentives could reduce the demand for EVs and for charging infrastructure, including infrastructure ChargePoint offers.
Macroeconomic Trends
ChargePoint has an international presence and as a result is subject to risks and uncertainties caused by significant events with macroeconomic impacts, including, but not limited to geopolitical events, including the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict, conflicts in the Middle East, rising inflation and interest rates, monetary policy changes, financial services sector instability, recessions, global pandemics and foreign currency fluctuations. Additionally, these macroeconomic impacts have generally disrupted the operations of its customers and prospective customers. In addition, shifts in ChargePoint’s product mix to DC chargers from AC chargers may negatively affect ChargePoint’s gross profits and gross margins since ChargePoint generally realizes higher gross margins from sales of its AC chargers. Further, disruption to ChargePoint’s supply chains and heightened component and shipping pricing and logistics expenses, which ChargePoint experienced in 2021 and 2022, may further adversely impact ChargePoint’s gross margins, adversely affect demand for ChargePoint’s products, lengthen its product development and sales cycles, and reduce expected spending from new customers, all of which could adversely affect ChargePoint’s business, results of operations and financial condition.
Global economic uncertainty due to other macroeconomic conditions, including inflation, interest rate pressures, disruptions and credit constraints in the financial services industry, labor market disruptions, and related concerns of a potential recession, have impacted customer behavior related to discretionary spending and sentiment and could continue to impact such behaviors in the future. Any resulting decline in the ability or willingness of customers, fleet owners and operators to purchase ChargePoint’s products or subscription services could have an adverse impact on ChargePoint’s results of operations and financial condition.
Results of Operations & its Components
Revenue
Networked Charging Systems
Networked Charging Systems revenue includes the deliveries of EV charging system infrastructure, which include a range of AC products for use in residential, commercial and fleet applications, and DC, or fast-charge products for use in commercial and fleet applications, as well as fees received for transferring regulatory incentives earned for participating in low carbon fuel programs. ChargePoint generally recognizes revenue from sales of Networked Charging Systems upon shipment to the customer, at which point ChargePoint’s performance obligation is satisfied. Revenue from regulatory incentives is recognized when the regulatory incentives are transferred.
Subscriptions
Subscriptions revenue consists of services related to Cloud, as well as extended maintenance service plans under Assure. Subscriptions revenue also consists of CPaaS revenue which combines the customer’s use of ChargePoint’s owned and operated systems with Cloud and Assure programs into a single, typically multi-year subscription.
In some instances, CPaaS subscriptions are considered for accounting purposes to contain a lease for the customer’s use of ChargePoint’s owned and operated systems unless the location allows the customer to receive incremental economic benefit from regulatory credits earned on that EV charging system. Lessor revenue relates to operating leases and historically has not been material. Subscriptions revenue is generally recognized over time on a straight-line basis as ChargePoint has an ongoing obligation to deliver such services to the customer.
Other
Other revenue consists of charging related fees received from drivers using charging sites owned and operated by ChargePoint, net transaction fees earned for processing payments collected on driver charging sessions at charging sites owned by its customers, and other professional services. Revenue from driver charging sessions and charging transaction fees is recognized when the charging session or transaction is completed. Revenue from fees for owned and operated sites is recognized over time on a straight-line basis over the performance period of the service contract as ChargePoint has an ongoing obligation to deliver such services. Revenue from professional services is recognized as the services are rendered.
ChargePoint has seen its revenue fluctuate based on market demand and other factors, and expects this variability of growth in Networked Charging Systems revenue to continue in the near term. In the long term it expects revenue to grow in both Networked Charging Systems and subscriptions due to increased demand in EVs and the related charging infrastructure market.

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For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Networked Charging Systems$360,822 $363,622 $173,850 $(2,800)(0.8)%$189,772 109.2 %
Percentage of total revenue71.2 %77.7 %72.1 %
Networked Charging Systems revenue marginally decreased for fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Subscriptions$120,445 $85,296 $53,512 $35,149 41.2 %$31,784 59.4 %
Percentage of total revenue23.8 %18.2 %22.2 %
Subscriptions revenue increased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to the growth in the number of Cloud subscriptions and Assure subscriptions for Networked Charging Systems connected to ChargePoint’s network.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Other revenue$25,372 $19,176 $13,644 $6,196 32.3 %$5,532 40.5 %
Percentage of total revenue5.0 %4.1 %5.7 %
Other revenue increased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to net transaction fees earned for processing payments collected on driver charging sessions at charging sites owned by ChargePoint’s customers.
Cost of Revenue
Networked Charging Systems
ChargePoint uses contract manufacturers to manufacture its Networked Charging Systems. ChargePoint’s cost of revenue for the sale of Networked Charging Systems includes the contract manufacturer costs of finished goods and shipping and handling. Cost of revenue for the sale of Networked Charging Systems also consists of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, warranty provisions, inventory obsolescence and write-downs, depreciation of manufacturing related equipment, and allocated facilities and information technology expenses. As revenue is recognized, ChargePoint accounts for estimated warranty cost as a charge to cost of revenue. The estimated warranty cost is based on historical and predicted product failure rates and repair expenses.
Subscriptions
Cost of Subscriptions revenue includes salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation and third-party support costs to manage the systems and helpdesk services for drivers and site hosts, network and wireless connectivity costs for subscription services, field costs for Assure, depreciation of owned and operated systems used in CPaaS arrangements, allocated facilities and information technology expenses.
Other
Cost of other revenue includes depreciation and other costs for ChargePoint’s owned and operated charging sites, charging related processing charges, salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, as well as costs of professional services.
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For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Cost of Networked Charging Systems revenue$386,149 $318,628 $147,313 $67,521 21.2 %$171,315 116.3 %
Percentage of total revenue76.2 %68.1 %61.1 %
Cost of Networked Charging Systems revenue increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to a year-over-year increase in the number of Networked Charging Systems delivered and inventory impairment charges totaling $70.0 million, related to product transitions and aligning inventory with customer demand.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Cost of Subscriptions revenue$73,595 $51,416 $31,190 $22,179 43.1 %$20,226 64.8 %
Percentage of total revenue14.5 %11.0 %12.9 %
Cost of subscriptions revenue increased during fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to increases in Assure maintenance costs, customer support personnel expenses which were driven by ChargePoint expanding its Networked Charging Systems, network wireless connectivity costs, and other operating costs.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Cost of Other Revenue$16,777 $12,117 $8,970 $4,660 38.5 %$3,147 35.1 %
Percentage of total revenue3.3 %2.6 %3.7 %
Cost of other revenue increased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily related to increased driver-generated cost.
Gross Profit and Gross Margin
Gross profit is revenue less cost of revenue and gross margin is gross profit as a percentage of revenue. ChargePoint offers a range of Networked Charging Systems products which vary widely in selling price and associated gross margin, as, for example, ChargePoint’s AC charger based commercial business contributes higher margins than its residential and DC charger based fleet businesses. Accordingly, ChargePoint’s gross profit and gross margin have varied and are expected to continue to vary from period to period due to revenue levels; geographic, vertical and product mix; new product transition costs; and its efforts to optimize its operations and supply chain and purchase price variances.
In the long term, improvements in ChargePoint’s gross profit and gross margin will depend on its ability to continue to optimize its operations and supply chain as it increases its revenue. However, at least in the short term, as the product mix continues to vary and as ChargePoint continues to align inventory supply with demand and optimize for customer acquisition as part of its “land and expand” model, launches new Networked Charging Systems products, grows its presence in Europe where it has not yet achieved economies of scale, and expands its solutions for its fleet customers, gross margin will vary from period to period.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Gross Profit$30,118 $85,933 $53,533 $(55,815)(65.0)%$32,400 60.5 %
Gross Margin5.9 %18.4 %22.2 %
Gross profit decreased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to an increase in cost of revenue resulting from inventory impairment charges totaling $70.0 million, related to product transitions and aligning inventory with customer demand, partially offset by growing gross profits from subscriptions driven by ChargePoint expanding its networked Charging Systems.
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Gross margin decreased for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily
due to an increase of cost of revenue resulting from the increase of inventory impairment charges, as described above, and customer support personnel expenses, as well as other operating expenses.
Research and Development Expenses
Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, for personnel related to the development of improvements and expanded features for ChargePoint’s products and services, including in quality assurance, testing, product management, and allocated facilities and information technology expenses. Research and development costs also include prototype and testing cost, professional services and consulting, and are expensed as incurred.
For the fiscal year ending January 31, 2025, ChargePoint expects its research and development expenses to decrease as a percentage of revenue as it continues to optimize its research and development activities for its technology and product roadmap.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Research and Development Expenses$220,781 $194,957 $145,043 $25,824 13.2 %$49,914 34.4 %
Percentage of total revenue43.6 %41.6 %60.2 %
Research and development expenses increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 and was primarily attributable to a $17.3 million increase in compensation related expenses due to headcount growth and employee-related exit costs related to the reorganizations implemented by the Company (see Note 14, Restructuring, in the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report for more details), a $14.4 million increase in stock-based compensation expense due to the impact of grants to new hires and to promote long-term retention of employees, and an increase of $2.4 million in depreciation and other operating expense. This is offset by a $6.9 million decrease in engineering materials and services costs and a decrease of $1.3 million in consulting fees.
Sales and Marketing Expenses
Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, sales commissions, professional services fees, travel, marketing and promotional expenses, bad debt expenses, and allocated facilities and information technology expenses.
For the fiscal year ending January 31, 2025, ChargePoint expects its sales and marketing expenses to decrease as a percentage of revenue as it continues to optimize its sales and marketing activities while expanding sales.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Sales and marketing expenses$150,186 $142,392 $92,550 $7,794 5.5 %$49,842 53.9 %
Percentage of total revenue29.6 %30.4 %38.4 %
Sales and marketing expenses increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily attributable to a $2.4 million increase in compensation related expenses due to headcount growth and employee-related exit costs related to the reorganizations implemented by the Company (see Note 14, Restructuring, in the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report for more details), and a $5.5 million increase in stock-based compensation expense due to the impact of grants to new hires and to promote long-term retention of employees.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related personnel expenses, including stock-based compensation, related to finance, legal and human resource functions, contractor and professional services fees, audit and compliance expenses, insurance costs, and general corporate expenses, including allocated facilities and information technology expenses.
For the fiscal year ending January 31, 2025, ChargePoint expects its general and administrative expenses to decrease as a percentage of revenue as it continues to optimize its operations.
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For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
General and administrative expenses$109,102 $90,366 $81,380 $18,736 20.7 %$8,986 11.0 %
Percentage of total revenue21.5 %19.3 %33.8 %
General and administrative expenses increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to an increase of $10.9 million in restructuring expense for facility and other contract terminations related to the reorganizations implemented by the Company (see Note 14, Restructuring, in the notes to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report for more details), a $2.9 million increase in compensation related expenses due to headcount growth and employee-related exit costs related to the aforementioned reorganization, a $3.7 million increase in stock-based compensation expense due to new hires and to promote long-term retention of employees, and a $1.2 million increase in other operating expenses.
Interest Income
Interest income consists primarily of interest earned on ChargePoint’s cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Interest income$9,603 $5,534 $98 $4,069 73.5 %$5,436 n.m.
Percentage of total revenue1.9 %1.2 %— %
Interest income increased during fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 due to higher interest rates and higher balances of interest-earning investments.
Interest Expense
Interest expense consists primarily of the interest on ChargePoint’s 2028 Convertible Notes that were issued in April 2022, and amended in October 2023, which are described more completely below in Liquidity and Capital Resources.
For the Year Ended January 31,Change
202420232022
2024 vs 2023
2023 vs 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Interest expense$(16,273)$(9,434)$(1,502)$(6,839)72.5 %$(7,932)528.1 %
Percentage of total revenue(3.2)%(2.0)%(0.6)%
Interest expense increased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to interest expense on the 2028 Convertible Notes that were originally issued in April 2022, and amended in October 2023. For more information, see Note 6, Debt, in the notes to consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report.
Other Income (Expense), Net
Other income (expense), net consists primarily of foreign currency transaction gains and losses.
For the Year Ended January 31,
Change
202420232022
2024 to 2023
2023 to 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Other income (expense), net$(1,009)$(1,569)$(2,775)$560 (35.7)%$1,206 (43.5)%
Percentage of total revenue(0.2)%(0.3)%(1.2)%
Other income (expense), net changed from $(1.6) million during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 to $(1.0) million during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 due to favorable changes in foreign exchange rates.
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Provision for Income Taxes
ChargePoint’s provision for income taxes consists of federal, state and foreign income taxes based on enacted federal, state and foreign tax rates, as adjusted for allowable credits, deductions, uncertain tax positions, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities and changes in tax law. Due to the level of historical losses, ChargePoint maintains a valuation allowance against U.S. federal and state deferred tax assets as it has concluded it is more likely than not that these deferred tax assets will not be realized.
For the Year Ended January 31,
Change
202420232022
2024 to 2023
2023 to 2022
(dollar amounts in thousands, except percentages)Change
($)
Change
(%)
Change
($)
Change
(%)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes$(21)$(2,167)$(2,930)$2,146 (99.0)%$763 (26.0)%
Percentage of loss before provision (benefit) for income taxes— %0.6 %2.2 %
The benefit for income taxes decreased during the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 as compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023 primarily due to changes to deferred tax liability following a tax rate reduction in certain foreign jurisdictions recorded in the prior year.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources of Liquidity
Historical Sources of Liquidity
ChargePoint has incurred net losses and negative cash flows from operations since its inception, which it anticipates will continue for the foreseeable future. To date, ChargePoint has funded its business and past acquisitions primarily with proceeds from the issuance of common stock, redeemable convertible preferred stock, proceeds from the Merger, proceeds from warrant and option exercises for cash, convertible debt and from customer payments. As of January 31, 2024 and 2023, ChargePoint had cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash and short-term investments of $357.8 million and $399.5 million, respectively. ChargePoint believes that its cash on hand and cash generated from sales to customers will satisfy its working capital and capital requirements for at least the next twelve months.
2028 Convertible Notes
In April 2022, ChargePoint completed a private placement of $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of convertible notes, with an original maturity date of April 1, 2027 (the “Original Convertible Notes”). In October 2023, ChargePoint completed an amendment to the indenture for the Original Convertible Notes (the “2027 Notes Amendment”) pursuant to which the Cash Interest and PIK Interest (as described below) were increased and the maturity date for the Original Convertible Note was extended to April 1, 2028 (the “2028 Convertible Notes”). The net proceeds from the original sale of the 2028 Convertible Notes were approximately $294.0 million after deducting initial purchaser discounts and commissions and the Company’s offering expenses.
Prior to the 2027 Notes Amendment, the Original Convertible Notes bore interest at 3.50% per annum, to the extent paid in cash (“Cash Interest”), which was payable semi-annually in arrears on April 1st and October 1st of each year or 5.00% per annum through the issuance of additional Original Convertible Notes. The 2028 Convertible Notes bear Cash Interest at 7.00% per annum or 8.50% per annum through the issuance of additional 2028 Convertible Notes (“PIK Interest”). The 2028 Convertible Notes are convertible, based on the applicable conversion rate, into cash, shares of ChargePoint Common Stock or a combination thereof, at ChargePoint’s election. The initial conversion rate was 83.3333 shares per $1,000 principal amount of the 2028 Convertible Notes, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustment in certain circumstances, which represents an initial conversion price of approximately $12.00 per share.
For additional details on the 2027 Notes Amendment and the 2028 Convertible Notes refer to Note 6, Debt, to ChargePoint’s notes to the consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report.
2027 Revolving Credit Facility
On July 27, 2023, the Company entered into a revolving credit agreement by and among the Company as the parent guarantor, ChargePoint, Inc. (the “Borrower”), certain subsidiaries of the Borrower as guarantors, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, and the other lenders party thereto (the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement provides for senior secured revolving credit facility in an initial aggregate principal amount of up to $150.0 million, with a maturity date of January 1, 2027 (the “2027 Revolving Credit Facility”). Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Borrower may from time to time arrange for one or more increases in the commitments under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $150.0 million, subject to obtaining the consent of the lenders participating in any such increase. In October 2023, the Company entered into an amendment to the Credit Agreement to, among other things, permit the Company to complete the 2027 Notes Amendment.
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As of January 31, 2024, the Borrower had no borrowings outstanding or letters of credit under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility and, as a result, had a borrowing capacity of up to $150.0 million.
For additional details on the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility refer to Note 6, Debt, in ChargePoint’s notes to the consolidated financial statements in this Annual Report.
Shelf Registration and ATM Facility
On July 1, 2022, ChargePoint filed a registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-265986) with the SEC (that was declared effective by the SEC on July 12, 2022), which permits ChargePoint to offer up to $1.0 billion of shares of Common Stock, preferred stock, debt securities, warrants and rights in one or more offerings and in any combination, including in units from time to time (the “Shelf Registration Statement”). As part of the Shelf Registration Statement, ChargePoint filed a prospectus supplement registering for sale from time to time up to $500.0 million shares of Common Stock pursuant to a sales agreement (the “ATM Facility”). During the fiscal year ended January 31, 2024, the Company sold a total of 59,299,481 shares of its Common Stock pursuant to the ATM Facility for total proceeds of $287.2 million, net of $1.2 million of issuance costs, which includes 41,371,158 shares sold to an institutional investor. As of January 31, 2024, $161.6 million of shares of Common Stock remained available for sale pursuant to the ATM Facility.
Long-Term Liquidity Requirements
ChargePoint has incurred net losses and negative cash flows from operations since inception. Until ChargePoint can generate sufficient revenue to cover its cost of sales, operating expenses, working capital and capital expenditures, it expects to primarily fund cash needs through a combination of equity and debt financing. ChargePoint may borrow funds on terms that may include restrictive covenants, such as the restrictive covenants included in the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility, including covenants that restrict the operation of its business, liens on assets, high effective interest rates and repayment provisions that reduce cash resources and limit future access to capital markets. ChargePoint may continue to opportunistically seek access to additional funds through public or private equity offerings or debt financings, including through potential sales of Common Stock under its ATM Facility and drawing down amounts under the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility. If ChargePoint raises funds by issuing equity securities or debt securities convertible into equity securities, dilution to stockholders may result. Any equity securities issued may also provide for rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of holders of Common Stock. If ChargePoint raises funds by issuing debt securities, these debt securities would have rights, preferences and privileges senior to those of holders of Common Stock. The terms of debt securities or borrowings could impose significant restrictions on ChargePoint’s operations and expose ChargePoint to enhanced risks associated with rising interest rates and elevated inflation experienced globally during fiscal years 2023 and 2024. The capital markets have in the past, and may in the future, experience periods of higher volatility that could impact the availability and cost of equity and debt financing.
ChargePoint’s principal use of cash in recent periods has been funding its operations, past acquisitions, and investing in capital expenditures. ChargePoint’s future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including its revenue growth rate, the timing and the amount of cash received from customers, the expansion of sales and marketing activities, the timing and extent of spending to support development efforts, expenses associated with its international expansion, the introduction of network enhancements and the continuing market adoption of its Networked Charging Systems. In the future, ChargePoint may enter into arrangements to acquire or invest in complementary businesses, products and technologies. ChargePoint may be required to seek additional equity or debt financing beyond the amounts available to it pursuant to the ATM Facility and the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility.
If ChargePoint requires additional financing, it may not be able to raise such financing on acceptable terms or at all, particularly if certain unfavorable economic and market conditions persist or worsen and intensify risks of a potential recession or other economic downturn. If ChargePoint is unable to raise additional capital or generate cash flows necessary to expand its operations and invest in continued innovation, it may not be able to compete successfully, which would harm its business, results of operations and financial condition. If adequate funds are not available, ChargePoint may need to reconsider its expansion plans or limit its research and development activities, which could have a material adverse impact on its business prospects and results of operations.
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Cash Flows
For the Fiscal Years Ended January 31, 2024, 2023 and 2022
The following table sets forth a summary of ChargePoint’s cash flows for the periods indicated:
Year Ended January 31,
202420232022
(in thousands)
Net cash (used in) provided by:
Operating activities$(328,941)$(267,049)$(157,178)
Investing activities85,576 (126,154)(221,740)
Financing activities306,524 372,859 549,687 
Effects of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash89 (729)(1,025)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$63,248 $(21,073)$169,744 
Net Cash Used in Operating Activities
During the year ended January 31, 2024, net cash used in operating activities was $328.9 million, consisting primarily of a net loss of $457.6 million, partially offset by a decrease in net operating assets of $102.8 million and non-cash charges of $231.5 million. The non-cash charges consisted primarily of $117.3 million of stock-based compensation expense, $70.0 million of inventory impairment and non-cash charges, $31.3 million of depreciation, and amortization expense and amortization of deferred contract acquisition costs, $8.4 million of reserves and other costs, and $4.3 million of non-cash operating lease costs. The change in operating assets and liabilities was mainly driven by an increase in inventory of $173.7 million and decrease in accounts payable, operating lease liabilities and accrued and other liabilities of $5.5 million, partially offset by a decrease in accounts receivable, net, of $36.5 million, an increase in deferred revenue of $32.8 million and a decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets of $7.0 million.
During the year ended January 31, 2023, net cash used in operating activities was $267.0 million, consisting primarily of a net loss of $345.1 million and change in operating assets and liabilities of $64.3 million, offset by an add back of non-cash charges of $142.4 million. The non-cash charges consisted primarily of $93.4 million of stock-based compensation expense, $25.1 million of depreciation, and amortization expense,$4.7 million of non-cash operating lease costs and $16.8 million of other costs. The change in operating assets and liabilities was mainly driven by increases in accounts receivable of $94.6 million, inventory of $39.4 million, and prepaid expenses and other assets of $38.0 million, offset by increases in deferred revenue of $51.8 million, accounts payable, operating lease liability, and accrued and other liabilities of $55.8 million.
Net Cash Provided By (Used In) Investing Activities
During the year ended January 31, 2024, net cash provided by investing activities was $85.6 million consisting of cash received from maturities of short-term investments of $105.0 million, offset by purchases of property and equipment of $19.4 million.
During the year ended January 31, 2023, net cash used in investing activities was $126.2 million consisting of cash paid for purchases of short-term investments of $284.8 million, purchases of property and equipment of $18.6 million, and additional cash paid for acquisitions (net of cash acquired) related to the acquisition of HTB in the prior year of $2.8 million, partially offset by cash received from maturities of short-term investments of $180.0 million.
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
During the year ended January 31, 2024, net cash provided by financing activities was $306.5 million, consisting of proceeds from the sale of common stock under the ATM Facility, net of commission and fees, of $287.2 million, change in driver funds and amounts due to customers of $13.7 million, proceeds from the issuance of common stock under employee equity plans, net of tax withholdings, of $12.1 million, partially offset by $2.9 million in issuance costs related to the 2027 Revolving Credit Facility and $3.5 million of the total $7.1 million contingent earnout consideration payments related to the acquisition of ViriCiti, of which the remaining $3.6 million is classified as cash outflow under operating activities.
During the year ended January 31, 2023, net cash provided by financing activities was $372.9 million, consisting of net proceeds from the issuance of convertible debt of $294.0 million, proceeds from the sale of common stock under the ATM Facility, net of commissions and fees, of $49.5 million, proceeds from the issuance of common stock under employee equity plans, net of tax withholdings, of $11.4 million, proceeds from the exercise of stock options and warrants of $6.9 million, and change in driver funds and amounts due to customers of $11.1 million.
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Contractual Obligations and Commitments
ChargePoint’s material cash requirements include the following contractual obligations and commitments as of January 31, 2024. For more information regarding ChargePoint’s other contractual obligations, refer to Note 7, Commitments and Contingencies, to its notes to the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report.
Operating Lease Obligations
ChargePoint has operating lease obligations for office spaces and data centers. As of January 31, 2024, ChargePoint had lease payment obligations of $26.7 million, with $6.5 million payable within twelve months.
Purchase Commitments
From time to time in the ordinary course of business, ChargePoint enters into agreements with vendors for the purchase of components and raw materials. However, due to contractual terms and variability in production levels, and opportunities to renegotiate pricing, ChargePoint generally does not have long-term binding and enforceable purchase orders under such contracts, and the timing and magnitude of purchase orders beyond such period is difficult to accurately project.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Management’s discussion and analysis of ChargePoint’s financial condition and results of operations is based on its consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires ChargePoint to make estimates and assumptions for the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and related disclosures. ChargePoint’s estimates are based on its historical experience and on various other factors that it believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions and any such differences may be material.
While ChargePoint’s significant accounting policies are described in more detail in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to its consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report, it believes the following accounting policies and estimates to be most critical to the preparation of its consolidated financial statements.
Revenue Recognition
ChargePoint recognizes revenue using the five-step model in determining revenue recognition: (a) identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer; (b) identification of the performance obligations in the contract; (c) determination of the transaction price; (d) allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (e) recognition of revenue when, or as, it satisfies a performance obligation.
ChargePoint enters into contracts with customers that regularly include promises to transfer multiple products and services, such as Networked Charging Systems, software subscriptions, extended maintenance, and professional services. For arrangements with multiple products and services, ChargePoint evaluates whether the individual products and services qualify as distinct performance obligations. In ChargePoint’s assessment of whether products and services are a distinct performance obligation, it determines whether the customer can benefit from the product or service on its own or with other readily available resources and whether the service is separately identifiable from other products or services in the contract. This evaluation requires ChargePoint to assess the nature of each of its Networked Charging Systems, subscriptions and other offerings and how they are provided in the context of the contract, including whether they are significantly integrated which may require judgment based on the facts and circumstances of the contract.
The transaction price for each contract is determined based on the amount ChargePoint expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for transferring the promised products or services to the customer. Collectability of revenue is reasonably assured based on historical evidence of collectability of fees ChargePoint charges its customers. The transaction price in the contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation in an amount that represents the relative amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for satisfying each performance obligation. Revenue is recognized when performance obligations are satisfied. Revenue is recorded based on the transaction price excluding amounts collected on behalf of third parties such as sales taxes, which are collected on behalf of and remitted to governmental authorities, or driver fees, which are collected on behalf of customers who offer public charging for a fee.
When agreements involve multiple distinct performance obligations, ChargePoint accounts for individual performance obligations separately. ChargePoint applies significant judgment in identifying and accounting for each performance obligation as a result of evaluating terms and conditions in contracts. The transaction price is allocated to the separate performance obligations on a relative standalone selling price (“SSP”) basis. ChargePoint determines SSP based on observable standalone selling price when it is available, as well as other factors, including the price charged to its customers, its discounting practices and its overall pricing objectives,
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while maximizing observable inputs. In situations where pricing is highly variable, or a product is never sold on a stand-alone basis, ChargePoint estimates the SSP using the residual approach.
Areas of Judgment and Estimates
Determining whether the Networked Charging Systems, Cloud, Assure and professional services are considered distinct performance obligations that should be accounted for separately or as a single performance obligation requires significant judgment. In reaching its conclusion, ChargePoint assesses the nature of each individual service offering and how the services are provided in the context of the contract, including whether the services are significantly integrated, which may require judgment based on the facts and circumstances of the contract.
Determining the relative SSP for contracts that contain multiple performance obligations requires significant judgment. ChargePoint determines SSP using observable pricing when available, which takes into consideration market conditions and customer specific factors while maximizing observable inputs. When observable pricing is not available, ChargePoint applies the residual approach to estimate the SSP. After establishing the SSP, ChargePoint then allocates the transaction price using the relative selling price method.
Inventory
Inventory is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is computed using standard cost, which approximates actual cost, on a first-in, first-out basis. Inventory levels are analyzed periodically and written down to their net realizable value if they have become obsolete, have a cost basis in excess of expected net realizable value or are in excess of expected demand. ChargePoint analyzes current and future product demand relative to the remaining product life to identify potential excess inventories. These forecasts of future demand are based upon historical trends and adjusted for overall market conditions. Inventory write-downs are measured as the difference between the cost of the inventory and its net realizable value, and charged to inventory reserves, which is a component of cost of revenue. At the point of the loss recognition, a new, lower cost basis for those inventories is established, and subsequent changes in facts and circumstances do not result in the restoration or increase in that newly established cost basis.
Business Combination
Business combinations are accounted for under the acquisition method. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed as part of a business acquisition are generally recorded at their estimated fair value at the date of acquisition. The excess of purchase price over the amount allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, if any, is recorded as goodwill. In determining the fair value of assets acquired, including intangible assets, and liabilities assumed, ChargePoint utilizes a variety of methods. Each asset acquired and liability assumed is measured at fair value from the perspective of a market participant. The method used to estimate the fair values of intangible assets incorporates significant estimates and assumptions regarding the estimates a market participant would make in order to evaluate an asset, including a market participant’s use of the asset, future cash inflows and outflows, probabilities of success, asset lives and the appropriate discount rates. This judgment and determination affects the amount of consideration paid that is allocated to assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the business purchase transaction. The Company engages third-party appraisal firms to assist in determining fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed when appropriate.
During the remeasurement period, which extends no later than one year from the acquisition date, ChargePoint may record certain adjustments to the carrying value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed with a corresponding offset to goodwill.
Stock-based Compensation

ChargePoint recognizes compensation costs for all stock-based awards, including stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance restricted stock units (“PRSUs”) and stock purchased under the Company’s 2021 Employee Share Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), based on grant date fair value of the award. These estimates involve inherent uncertainties, and, if different assumptions had been used, stock-based compensation expense could have been materially different from the amounts recorded. For performance-based stock options issued, the value of the award is measured at the grant date as the fair value of the award and is expensed over the requisite service period, using the accelerated attribution method, once the performance condition becomes probable of being achieved. For RSUs, stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as an expense, net of estimated forfeitures, on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. For PRSUs with a market condition, the Company uses a Monte Carlo simulation pricing model to incorporate the market condition effects at the grant date to measure the fair value of the award and is expensed over the service period. The Monte Carlo pricing model requires inputs which are subjective and generally requires judgment. For ESPP, stock-based compensation on the grant date is estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model, which requires the use of certain subjective assumptions, including the expected Common Stock price volatility over the term of the award, the expected term of the award, risk-free interest rates, and the expected dividend yield of ChargePoint Common Stock.
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Income Taxes
ChargePoint utilizes the asset and liability method in accounting for income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the estimated future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Deferred tax expense or benefit is the result of changes in the deferred tax asset and liability. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets where it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will not be realized. ChargePoint makes estimates, assumptions and judgments to determine its provision for its income taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities, and any valuation allowance recorded against deferred tax assets. ChargePoint assesses the likelihood that its deferred tax assets will be recovered from future taxable income, and to the extent it believes that recovery is not likely, it establishes a valuation allowance.
ChargePoint recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized from such positions are then measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon settlement. Interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits which, have not been material, are recognized within provision for income taxes.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information regarding recently issued accounting pronouncements.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
ChargePoint is exposed to market risk for changes in interest rates. ChargePoint had cash and restricted cash totaling $357.8 million as of January 31, 2024. ChargePoint’s investment policy is focused on the preservation of capital and supporting its liquidity needs. Under the policy, ChargePoint historically invests in highly rated securities, issued by the U.S. government, and short durations or liquid money market funds. ChargePoint does not invest in financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes, nor does it use leveraged financial instruments. ChargePoint utilizes external investment managers who adhere to the guidelines of its investment policy. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates would not have a material impact on the value of ChargePoint’s cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. There was no material change in ChargePoint’s interest rate risk during fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023.
Foreign Currency Risk
ChargePoint has foreign currency risks related to its revenue and operating expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the euro, causing both its revenue and its operating results to be impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates. As ChargePoint’s foreign operations expand, its results may be more materially impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates of the currencies in which it does business.
Gains or losses from the revaluation of certain cash balances, accounts receivable balances and intercompany balances that are denominated in these currencies can impact ChargePoint’s net loss. A hypothetical decrease in all foreign currencies against the U.S. dollar of 10% would not result in a material foreign currency loss on foreign-denominated balances, as of January 31, 2024. There was no material change in ChargePoint’s foreign currency risk during fiscal year ended January 31, 2024 compared to fiscal year ended January 31, 2023.
At this time, ChargePoint does not enter into financial instruments to hedge its foreign currency exchange risk, but it may in the future.
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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.
Opinions on the Financial Statements and Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of ChargePoint Holdings, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of January 31, 2024 and 2023, and the related consolidated statements of operations, of comprehensive loss, of redeemable convertible preferred stock and stockholders’ equity (deficit) and of cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 31, 2024, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). We also have audited the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of January 31, 2024 and 2023, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 31, 2024 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 31, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the COSO.
Basis for Opinions
The Company's management is responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud, and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.
Our audits of the consolidated financial statements included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
Definition and Limitations of Internal Control over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (i) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (ii) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole,
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and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Consolidated Financial Statements – Impact of Segregation of Duties and IT General Controls
The completeness and accuracy of the consolidated financial statements, including the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, is dependent on, in part, (i) designing and maintaining controls over segregation of duties and (ii) designing and maintaining controls over information technology general controls for information systems that are relevant for the Company’s financial statements, including controls over program change management, user access, and program development.
The principal considerations for our determination that performing procedures relating to the consolidated financial statements – impact of segregation of duties and IT general controls is a critical audit matter are a high degree of auditor subjectivity and effort in performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence related to business processes that affect substantially all financial statement account balances and disclosures. As disclosed by management, material weaknesses existed during the year related to management not designing and maintaining (i) controls over segregation of duties and (ii) controls over information technology general controls for information systems that are relevant for the Company’s financial statements, including controls over program change management, user access, and program development.
Addressing the matter involved performing procedures and evaluating audit evidence in connection with forming our overall opinion on the consolidated financial statements. These procedures included, among others, (i) evaluating and determining the nature and extent of audit procedures performed and evidence obtained that are responsive to the material weaknesses that existed during the year; (ii) manually testing the completeness and accuracy of system reports or other information generated by the Company’s information systems; and (iii) evaluating whether segregation of duties was maintained.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
San Jose, California
April 1, 2024
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2016.
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ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
January 31, 2024 and 2023
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
January 31,
20242023
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$327,410 $264,162 
Restricted cash30,400 30,400 
Short-term investments 104,966 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $14,000 as of January 31, 2024 and $10,000 as of January 31, 2023
124,049 164,892 
Inventories198,580 68,730 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets62,244 71,020 
Total current assets742,683 704,170 
Property and equipment, net42,446 40,046 
Intangible assets, net80,555 92,673 
Operating lease right-of-use assets15,362 22,242 
Goodwill213,750 213,716 
Other assets8,567 7,110 
Total assets$1,103,363 $1,079,957 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$71,081 $62,076 
Accrued and other current liabilities159,104 133,483 
Deferred revenue99,968 88,777 
Total current liabilities330,153 284,336 
Deferred revenue, noncurrent131,471 109,833 
Debt, noncurrent283,704 294,936 
Operating lease liabilities17,350 21,841 
Deferred tax liabilities11,252 12,987 
Other long-term liabilities1,757 1,032 
Total liabilities775,687 724,965 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock: $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized as of each of January 31, 2024 and 2023; 421,116,720 and 348,330,481 shares issued and outstanding as of January 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively
42 35 
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized as of each of January 31, 2024 and 2023; zero shares issued and outstanding as of each of January 31, 2024 and 2023
  
Additional paid-in capital1,957,932 1,528,104 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(15,926)(16,384)
Accumulated deficit(1,614,372)(1,156,763)
Total stockholders' equity327,676 354,992 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$1,103,363 $1,079,957 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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ChargePoint Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
Years Ended January 31, 2024, 2023, and 2022
(in thousands, except share and per share data)
Year Ended January 31,
202420232022
Revenue
Networked charging systems$360,822 $363,622 $173,850 
Subscriptions120,445 85,296 53,512 
Other25,372 19,176 13,644 
Total revenue506,639 468,094 241,006 
Cost of revenue