10-Q 1 chtr-20220930.htm 10-Q chtr-20220930
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
______________
FORM 10-Q
______________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period From             to             

Commission File Number: 001-33664
chtr-20220930_g1.jpg
Charter Communications, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
84-1496755
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
400 Washington Blvd.
Stamford
Connecticut
06902
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
(203) 905-7801
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock $.001 Par ValueCHTRNASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer x    Accelerated filer o    Non-accelerated filer o    Smaller reporting company      Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes   No x

Number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2022: 155,672,281

Number of shares of Class B common stock outstanding as of September 30, 2022: 1




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CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q FOR THE PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2022

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page No.

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q is for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. The United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) allows us to “incorporate by reference” information that we file with the SEC, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you directly to those documents. In this quarterly report, “Charter,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Charter Communications, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

i


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This quarterly report includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, regarding, among other things, our plans, strategies and prospects, both business and financial including, without limitation, the forward-looking statements set forth in Part I, Item 2. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this quarterly report. Although we believe that our plans, intentions and expectations as reflected in or suggested by these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that we will achieve or realize these plans, intentions or expectations. Forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions including, without limitation, the factors described under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our most recent Form 10-K filed with the SEC. Many of the forward-looking statements contained in this quarterly report may be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “should,” “planned,” “will,” “may,” “intend,” “estimated,” “aim,” “on track,” “target,” “opportunity,” “tentative,” “positioning,” “designed,” “create,” “predict,” “project,” “initiatives,” “seek,” “would,” “could,” “continue,” “ongoing,” “upside,” “increases,” “grow,” “focused on” and “potential,” among others. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements we make in this quarterly report are set forth in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, in our annual report on Form 10-K, and in other reports or documents that we file from time to time with the SEC, and include, but are not limited to:

our ability to sustain and grow revenues and cash flow from operations by offering Internet, video, voice, mobile, advertising and other services to residential and commercial customers, to adequately meet the customer experience demands in our service areas and to maintain and grow our customer base, particularly in the face of increasingly aggressive competition, the need for innovation and the related capital expenditures;
the impact of competition from other market participants, including but not limited to incumbent telephone companies, direct broadcast satellite ("DBS") operators, wireless broadband and telephone providers, digital subscriber line (“DSL”) providers, fiber to the home providers and providers of video content over broadband Internet connections;
general business conditions, unemployment levels and the level of activity in the housing sector and economic uncertainty or downturn, including the impacts of the Novel Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic to sales opportunities from residential move activity, our customers, our vendors and local, state and federal governmental responses to the pandemic;
our ability to obtain programming at reasonable prices or to raise prices to offset, in whole or in part, the effects of higher programming costs (including retransmission consents and distribution requirements);
our ability to develop and deploy new products and technologies including consumer services and service platforms;
any events that disrupt our networks, information systems or properties and impair our operating activities or our reputation;
the effects of governmental regulation on our business including subsidies to consumers, subsidies and incentives for competitors, costs, disruptions and possible limitations on operating flexibility related to, and our ability to comply with, regulatory conditions applicable to us;
the ability to hire and retain key personnel;
our ability to procure necessary services and equipment from our vendors in a timely manner and at reasonable costs;
the availability and access, in general, of funds to meet our debt obligations prior to or when they become due and to fund our operations and necessary capital expenditures, either through (i) cash on hand, (ii) free cash flow, or (iii) access to the capital or credit markets; and
our ability to comply with all covenants in our indentures and credit facilities, any violation of which, if not cured in a timely manner, could trigger a default of our other obligations under cross-default provisions.

All forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. We are under no duty or obligation to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this quarterly report.

ii


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in millions, except share data)

September 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
(unaudited)
ASSETS
CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents$480 $601 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $230 and $157, respectively
2,841 2,579 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets433 386 
Total current assets3,754 3,566 
INVESTMENT IN CABLE PROPERTIES:
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $35,414 and $34,253, respectively
35,005 34,310 
Customer relationships, net of accumulated amortization of $15,177 and $14,180, respectively
3,073 4,060 
Franchises67,363 67,346 
Goodwill29,563 29,562 
Total investment in cable properties, net135,004 135,278 
OTHER NONCURRENT ASSETS4,911 3,647 
Total assets$143,669 $142,491 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$10,073 $9,461 
Current portion of long-term debt1,522 2,997 
Total current liabilities11,595 12,458 
LONG-TERM DEBT95,510 88,564 
DEFERRED INCOME TAXES19,153 19,096 
OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES5,061 4,217 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:
Class A common stock; $0.001 par value; 900 million shares authorized;
173,847,120 and 172,741,236 shares issued, respectively
  
Class B common stock; $0.001 par value; 1,000 shares authorized;
1 share issued and outstanding
  
Preferred stock; $0.001 par value; 250 million shares authorized;
no shares issued and outstanding
  
Additional paid-in capital26,950 26,725 
Accumulated deficit(8,816)(12,675)
Treasury stock at cost; 18,174,839 and no shares, respectively
(9,245) 
Total Charter shareholders’ equity 8,889 14,050 
Noncontrolling interests3,461 4,106 
Total shareholders’ equity12,350 18,156 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$143,669 $142,491 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
1


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(dollars in millions, except per share data)
Unaudited

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
REVENUES$13,550 $13,146 $40,348 $38,470 
COSTS AND EXPENSES:
Operating costs and expenses (exclusive of items shown separately below)
8,247 7,958 24,574 23,551 
Depreciation and amortization2,177 2,270 6,711 7,065 
Other operating (income) expenses, net202 (9)141 284 
10,626 10,219 31,426 30,900 
Income from operations2,924 2,927 8,922 7,570 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):
Interest expense, net
(1,160)(1,016)(3,329)(3,003)
Other income (expenses), net(37)(157)65 (237)
(1,197)(1,173)(3,264)(3,240)
Income before income taxes1,727 1,754 5,658 4,330 
Income tax expense
(360)(347)(1,194)(844)
Consolidated net income1,367 1,407 4,464 3,486 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(182)(190)(605)(442)
Net income attributable to Charter shareholders$1,185 $1,217 $3,859 $3,044 
EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO CHARTER SHAREHOLDERS:
Basic$7.51 $6.69 $23.51 $16.33 
Diluted$7.38 $6.50 $23.06 $15.78 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic
157,971,109 181,925,180 164,189,703 186,380,681 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, diluted
160,638,186 187,166,071 167,351,777 197,316,667 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
2


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars in millions)
Unaudited

Class A Common StockClass B Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated DeficitTreasury StockTotal Charter Shareholders’ EquityNon-controlling InterestsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
BALANCE, December 31, 2021$ $ $26,725 $(12,675)$ $14,050 $4,106 $18,156 
Consolidated net income   1,203  1,203 186 1,389 
Stock compensation expense  147   147  147 
Exercise of stock options  1   1  1 
Purchases of treasury stock    (3,333)(3,333) (3,333)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest, net of tax  (197)  (197)(156)(353)
Change in noncontrolling interest ownership, net of tax  189   189 (250)(61)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest      (2)(2)
BALANCE, March 31, 2022  26,865 (11,472)(3,333)12,060 3,884 15,944 
Consolidated net income   1,471  1,471 237 1,708 
Stock compensation expense  104   104  104 
Exercise of stock options  4   4  4 
Purchases of treasury stock    (3,687)(3,687) (3,687)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest, net of tax  (256)  (256)(238)(494)
Change in noncontrolling interest ownership, net of tax  183   183 (244)(61)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest      (5)(5)
BALANCE, June 30, 2022  26,900 (10,001)(7,020)9,879 3,634 13,513 
Consolidated net income   1,185  1,185 182 1,367 
Stock compensation expense  109   109  109 
Purchases of treasury stock    (2,225)(2,225) (2,225)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest, net of tax  (155)  (155)(179)(334)
Change in noncontrolling interest ownership, net of tax  96   96 (127)(31)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest      (49)(49)
BALANCE, September 30, 2022$ $ $26,950 $(8,816)$(9,245)$8,889 $3,461 $12,350 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars in millions)
Unaudited

Class A Common StockClass B Common StockAdditional Paid-in CapitalAccumulated DeficitTreasury StockTotal Charter Shareholders’ EquityNon-controlling InterestsTotal Shareholders’ Equity
BALANCE, December 31, 2020$ $ $29,000 $(5,195)$ $23,805 $6,476 $30,281 
Consolidated net income   807  807 114 921 
Stock compensation expense  134   134  134 
Exercise of stock options  9   9  9 
Purchases of treasury stock    (3,652)(3,652) (3,652)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest, net of tax  (237)  (237)(192)(429)
Change in noncontrolling interest ownership, net of tax  131   131 (175)(44)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest      (39)(39)
BALANCE, March 31, 2021  29,037 (4,388)(3,652)20,997 6,184 27,181 
Consolidated net income   1,020  1,020 138 1,158 
Stock compensation expense  100   100  100 
Exercise of stock options  17   17  17 
Purchases of treasury stock    (3,516)(3,516) (3,516)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest, net of tax  (279)  (279)(213)(492)
Preferred unit conversion and change in noncontrolling interest ownership, net of tax  1,003   1,003 (1,333)(330)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest      (32)(32)
BALANCE, June 30, 2021  29,878 (3,368)(7,168)19,342 4,744 24,086 
Consolidated net income   1,217  1,217 190 1,407 
Stock compensation expense  98   98  98 
Exercise of stock options  17   17  17 
Purchases of treasury stock    (3,666)(3,666) (3,666)
Purchase of noncontrolling interest, net of tax  (197)  (197)(148)(345)
Change in noncontrolling interest ownership, net of tax  219   219 (290)(71)
BALANCE, September 30, 2021$ $ $30,015 $(2,151)$(10,834)$17,030 $4,496 $21,526 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
4


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(dollars in millions)
Unaudited
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20222021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Consolidated net income $4,464 $3,486 
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net income to net cash flows from operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization6,711 7,065 
Stock compensation expense360 332 
Noncash interest income, net(12)(20)
Deferred income taxes165 668 
Other, net(113)279 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions and dispositions:
Accounts receivable(262)(106)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(96)(127)
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other(79)436 
Net cash flows from operating activities11,138 12,013 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(6,456)(5,563)
Change in accrued expenses related to capital expenditures284 (51)
Other, net(174)(148)
Net cash flows from investing activities(6,346)(5,762)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Borrowings of long-term debt21,528 15,263 
Repayments of long-term debt(15,659)(9,651)
Payments for debt issuance costs(71)(76)
Purchase of treasury stock(9,245)(10,834)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options5 43 
Purchase of noncontrolling interest(1,379)(1,500)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest(56)(71)
Other, net(36)40 
Net cash flows from financing activities(4,913)(6,786)
NET DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS (121)(535)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, beginning of period601 1,001 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, end of period$480 $466 
CASH PAID FOR INTEREST$3,251 $3,038 
CASH PAID FOR TAXES$882 $99 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts and where indicated)


1.    Organization and Basis of Presentation

Organization

Charter Communications, Inc. (together with its controlled subsidiaries, “Charter,” or the “Company”) is a leading broadband connectivity company and cable operator. Over an advanced high-capacity, two-way telecommunications network, the Company offers a full range of state-of-the-art residential and business services including Spectrum Internet®, TV, Mobile and Voice. For small and medium-sized companies, Spectrum Business® delivers the same suite of broadband products and services coupled with special features and applications to enhance productivity, while for larger businesses and government entities, Spectrum Enterprise provides highly customized, fiber-based solutions. Spectrum Reach® delivers tailored advertising and production for the modern media landscape. The Company also distributes award-winning news coverage and sports programming to its customers through Spectrum Networks.

Charter is a holding company whose principal asset is a controlling equity interest in Charter Communications Holdings, LLC (“Charter Holdings”), an indirect owner of Charter Communications Operating, LLC (“Charter Operating”) under which substantially all of the operations reside. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions among consolidated entities have been eliminated.

The Company’s operations are managed and reported to its Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”), the Company’s chief operating decision maker, on a consolidated basis. The CEO assesses performance and allocates resources based on the consolidated results of operations. Under this organizational and reporting structure, the Company has one reportable segment.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures typically included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K have been condensed or omitted for this quarterly report. The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and are subject to review by regulatory authorities. However, in the opinion of management, such financial statements include all adjustments, which consist of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Areas involving significant judgments and estimates include capitalization of labor and overhead costs, pension benefits and income taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Comprehensive income equaled net income attributable to Charter shareholders for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.

2.    Investments

In June 2022, the Company and Comcast Corporation ("Comcast") entered into a 50/50 joint venture to develop and offer a next-generation streaming platform on a variety of streaming devices and smart TVs. Comcast licensed its streaming platform and hardware to the joint venture and contributed the retail business for XClass TVs and Xumo, a streaming service it acquired in 2020. The Company's investment is approximately $981 million with $175 million paid in June 2022 and with the remaining non-cancelable required contributions to be paid over multiple years and recorded as accrued obligations as of September 30, 2022. The Company accounts for the investment as an equity method investment and records investment income (loss) on its share of the joint venture income (loss).


6


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts and where indicated)

3.    Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities consist of the following as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021:

September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Accounts payable – trade$740 $724 
Deferred revenue525 461 
Accrued liabilities:
Programming costs1,979 2,036 
Labor1,206 1,304 
Capital expenditures1,546 1,281 
Interest1,189 1,099 
Taxes and regulatory fees711 592 
Property and casualty499 490 
Operating lease liabilities291 269 
Other1,387 1,205 
$10,073 $9,461 

4.    Long-Term Debt
A summary of our debt as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is as follows:

September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Principal AmountCarrying ValueFair ValuePrincipal AmountCarrying ValueFair Value
Senior unsecured notes$26,650 $26,564 $21,760 $23,950 $23,882 $24,630 
Senior secured notes and debentures(a)
56,724 57,112 45,620 56,525 57,011 64,346 
Credit facilities(b)
13,413 13,356 12,824 10,723 10,668 10,665 
$96,787 $97,032 $80,204 $91,198 $91,561 $99,641 

(a)Includes the Company's £625 million and £650 million fixed-rate British pound sterling denominated notes (the “Sterling Notes”) remeasured using the exchange rate at the respective dates.
(b)The Company has availability under the Charter Operating credit facilities of approximately $4.6 billion as of September 30, 2022.

The estimated fair value of the Company’s senior unsecured and secured notes and debentures as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 is based on quoted market prices in active markets and is classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy, while the estimated fair value of the Company’s credit facilities is based on quoted market prices in inactive markets and is classified within Level 2.

In January 2022, CCO Holdings, LLC ("CCO Holdings") and CCO Holdings Capital Corp. jointly issued $1.2 billion of 4.750% senior unsecured notes due February 2032 at par. The net proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, including to fund buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and Charter Holdings common units, to repay certain indebtedness and to pay related fees and expenses.

In March 2022, Charter Operating and Charter Communications Operating Capital Corp. jointly issued $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 4.400% senior secured notes due April 2033 at a price of 99.634% of the aggregate principal amount, $1.5 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.250% senior secured notes due April 2053 at a price of 99.300% of the aggregate principal amount and $1.0 billion aggregate principal amount of 5.500% senior secured notes due April 2063 at a price of 99.255% of the aggregate principal amount. The net proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, including to fund

7


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts and where indicated)

buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and Charter Holdings common units, to repay certain indebtedness and to pay related fees and expenses.

In May and June 2022, Charter Operating and Charter Communications Operating Capital Corp. redeemed all of their outstanding 4.464% senior notes due July 2022.

In May 2022, Charter Operating entered into an amendment to its credit agreement (the "Amendment") to: (i) upsize term A loans by $2.3 billion to $6.05 billion and extend the maturity to August 31, 2027 from March 31, 2023 and February 1, 2025, (ii) create and borrow a new tranche of $500 million of term A-6 loans maturing August 31, 2028, (iii) increase the size of Charter Operating's revolving credit facility and extend the maturity date to August 31, 2027 from March 31, 2023 and February 1, 2025 and (iv) make certain other amendments to the credit agreement. The Company used a portion of the proceeds from the Amendment to repay all of the term A-2 loans, term A-4 loans and borrowings under the revolving credit facility outstanding prior to the effective date of the Amendment.

After giving effect to the Amendment: (i) the aggregate principal amount of term A-5 loans outstanding as of September 30, 2022 is $6.0 billion with a pricing of Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") plus 1.25%, (ii) the aggregate principal amount of term A-6 loans outstanding as of September 30, 2022 is $494 million with a pricing of SOFR plus 1.50% and (iii) the aggregate amount of the revolving credit facility increased to a total capacity of $5.5 billion and the interest rate benchmark changed from London Interbank Offering Rate ("LIBOR") to SOFR, with a pricing of SOFR plus 1.25%. The aggregate principal amount of term B-1 loans (maturing April 30, 2025) and term B-2 loans (maturing February 1, 2027) outstanding as of September 30, 2022 are $2.4 billion and $3.7 billion, respectively, with LIBOR-based pricing unchanged.

The Amendment also removed mandatory prepayment requirements upon asset sales and property or casualty insurance recoveries, made changes to the affirmative covenants, including changes to the financial reporting covenants, and made changes to the negative covenants, including removal of certain negative covenants in their entirety.

In August 2022, CCO Holdings and CCO Holdings Capital Corp. jointly issued $1.5 billion of 6.375% senior unsecured notes due September 2029 at par. The net proceeds were used for general corporate purposes, including to fund buybacks of Charter Class A common stock and Charter Holdings common units, to repay certain indebtedness and to pay related fees and expenses.

Losses on extinguishment of debt are recorded in other income (expenses), net in the consolidated statements of operations and consisted of the following.

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
CCO Holdings notes redemption
$ $(71)$ $(146)
Charter Operating credit facility refinancing  (2) 
Time Warner Cable, LLC notes redemption 2  2 
Charter Operating notes redemption  (1) 
$ $(69)$(3)$(144)


8


CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts and where indicated)

5.    Common Stock

The following represents the Company's purchase of Charter Class A common stock and the effect on the consolidated statements of cash flows during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Shares$Shares$Shares$Shares$
Share buybacks 5,006,943 $2,218 4,738,842 $3,584 17,597,370 $9,065 15,442,417 $10,450 
Income tax withholding14,595 7 104,949 82 304,070 180 572,869 384 
Exercise cost43,916 116,961 273,399 612,474 
5,065,454 $2,225 4,960,752 $3,666 18,174,839 $9,245 16,627,760 $10,834 

Share buybacks above include shares of Charter Class A common stock purchased from Liberty Broadband Corporation (“Liberty Broadband”) as follows.

Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Number of shares purchased1,724,540 1,200,547 4,952,224 3,962,155 
Amount of shares purchased$796 $880 $2,602 $2,642 

In October 2022, the Company purchased from Liberty Broadband an additional 0.5 million shares of Charter Class A common stock for approximately $183 million.

As of September 30, 2022, Charter had remaining board authority to purchase an additional $680 million of Charter’s Class A common stock and/or Charter Holdings common units, excluding purchases from Liberty Broadband. The Company also withholds shares of its Class A common stock in payment of income tax withholding owed by employees upon vesting of equity awards as well as exercise costs owed by employees upon exercise of stock options.

In 2021, Charter’s board of directors approved the retirement of the then currently held treasury stock and those shares were retired as of December 31, 2021. The Company accounts for treasury stock using the cost method and includes treasury stock as a component of total shareholders’ equity.

6.    Noncontrolling Interests

Noncontrolling interests represents consolidated subsidiaries of which the Company owns less than 100%. The Company is a holding company whose principal asset is a controlling equity interest in Charter Holdings, the indirect owner of the Company’s cable systems. Noncontrolling interests on the Company’s balance sheet consist primarily of Advance/Newhouse Partnership's (“A/N”) equity interests in Charter Holdings, which is comprised of a common ownership interest and prior to June 18, 2021, a convertible preferred ownership interest.

Net income of Charter Holdings attributable to A/N’s common noncontrolling interest for financial reporting purposes is based on the weighted average effective common ownership interest of approximately 11% during 2022 and 7% prior to conversion of the preferred units and 11% after conversion during 2021, and was $182 million and $