Company Quick10K Filing
Circor
Price36.69 EPS-8
Shares20 P/E-5
MCap731 P/FCF-802
Net Debt571 EBIT-96
TEV1,301 TEV/EBIT-14
TTM 2019-09-29, in MM, except price, ratios
10-K 2020-12-31 Filed 2021-03-15
10-Q 2020-09-27 Filed 2020-11-05
10-Q 2020-06-28 Filed 2020-08-07
10-Q 2020-03-29 Filed 2020-06-01
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-03-31
10-Q 2019-09-29 Filed 2019-11-13
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-01
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-14
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-03-01
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-06
10-Q 2018-07-01 Filed 2018-08-07
10-Q 2018-04-01 Filed 2018-05-10
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-03-01
10-Q 2017-10-01 Filed 2017-10-27
10-Q 2017-07-02 Filed 2017-07-28
10-Q 2017-04-02 Filed 2017-04-28
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-21
10-Q 2016-10-02 Filed 2016-10-28
10-Q 2016-07-03 Filed 2016-07-29
10-Q 2016-04-03 Filed 2016-04-29
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-23
10-Q 2015-10-04 Filed 2015-11-09
10-Q 2015-07-28 Filed 2015-07-29
10-Q 2015-04-05 Filed 2015-04-28
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-18
10-Q 2014-09-28 Filed 2014-10-31
10-Q 2014-06-29 Filed 2014-08-01
10-Q 2014-03-30 Filed 2014-04-22
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-02-27
10-Q 2013-09-29 Filed 2013-10-31
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-01
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-02
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-02-28
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-01
10-Q 2012-07-01 Filed 2012-08-02
10-Q 2012-04-01 Filed 2012-05-03
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-23
10-Q 2011-10-02 Filed 2011-11-03
10-Q 2011-07-03 Filed 2011-08-04
10-Q 2011-04-03 Filed 2011-05-05
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-24
10-Q 2010-10-03 Filed 2010-11-04
10-Q 2010-07-04 Filed 2010-08-02
10-Q 2010-04-04 Filed 2010-05-10
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-25
8-K 2020-11-05
8-K 2020-09-10
8-K 2020-08-07
8-K 2020-07-17
8-K 2020-06-19
8-K 2020-06-12
8-K 2020-06-05
8-K 2020-06-04
8-K 2020-05-29
8-K 2020-05-22
8-K 2020-04-29
8-K 2020-04-21
8-K 2020-04-07
8-K 2020-03-17
8-K 2020-03-09
8-K 2020-03-02
8-K 2020-02-26
8-K 2020-02-10
8-K 2020-02-06
8-K 2020-01-31
8-K 2020-01-31
8-K 2020-01-13
8-K 2019-11-18
8-K 2019-11-06
8-K 2019-11-06
8-K 2019-09-26
8-K 2019-08-30
8-K 2019-08-29
8-K 2019-08-01
8-K 2019-08-01
8-K 2019-07-13
8-K 2019-06-24
8-K 2019-06-17
8-K 2019-06-04
8-K 2019-05-21
8-K 2019-05-09
8-K 2019-04-25
8-K 2019-02-26
8-K 2019-01-02
8-K 2018-12-13
8-K 2018-11-05
8-K 2018-08-14
8-K 2018-07-26
8-K 2018-06-12
8-K 2018-05-25
8-K 2018-05-10
8-K 2018-05-01
8-K 2018-04-25
8-K 2018-04-12
8-K 2018-03-16
8-K 2018-02-22

CIR 10K Annual Report

Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10 - K Summary
EX-4.1 cir_123120ex41.htm
EX-10.32 cir_12312020ex1032.htm
EX-10.33 cir_12312020ex1033.htm
EX-21 cir_12312020ex21.htm
EX-23.1 cir_10kx12312020ex231.htm
EX-23.2 cir_12312020ex232.htm
EX-31.1 cir_12312020ex311.htm
EX-31.2 cir_12312020ex312.htm
EX-32.1 cir_12312020ex321.htm

Circor Earnings 2020-12-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
2.01.61.20.80.40.02012201420172020
Assets, Equity
0.40.30.20.0-0.1-0.22012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
0.60.40.2-0.1-0.3-0.52012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

Commission File Number 001-14962
cir-20201231_g1.jpg
CIRCOR INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware001-1496204-3477276
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)
(Commission File Number)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
30 CORPORATE DRIVE, SUITE 200
Burlington,
MA
01803-4238
(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)(Zip Code)
 
(781) 270-1200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareCIRNew York Stock Exchange
  
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ☒   No    ☐
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes  ☐    No  ☒
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ☒    No  ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  ☒    No  ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerEmerging growth company
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    Yes      No   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No  

The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 28, 2020 was $443,948,186. The registrant does not have any non-voting common equity.

As of March 10, 2021, there were 20,155,251 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
 
Part III incorporates by reference certain portions of the information from the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 25, 2021. The definitive Proxy Statement will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days of the close of the registrant’s year ended December 31, 2020.



Table of Contents
 
  Page
Number
Part I
Item 1
Item 1A
Item 1B
Item 2
Item 3
Item 4
Part II
Item 5
Item 6
Item 7
Item 7A
Item 8
Item 9
Item 9A
Item 9B
Part III
Item 10
Item 11
Item 12
Item 13
Item 14
Part IV
Item 15
Item 16




Part I
 
Item 1.    Business
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains certain statements that are “forward-looking statements” as that term is defined under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”). The words “may,” “hope,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” and other expressions which are predictions of or indicate future events and trends and which do not relate to historical matters, identify forward-looking statements. We believe that it is important to communicate our future expectations to our stockholders, and we, therefore, make forward-looking statements in reliance upon the safe harbor provisions of the Act. However, there may be events in the future that we are not able to accurately predict or control and our actual results may differ materially from the expectations we describe in our forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements, including statements about our future performance, including the expected and potential direct and indirect impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, our ability to maintain our internal controls, the number of new product launches and future cash flows from operating activities, involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from anticipated future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, the duration and scope of the COVID-19 pandemic; any adverse changes in governmental policies; variability of raw material and component pricing; changes in our suppliers’ performance; fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates; changes in tariffs or other taxes related to doing business internationally; our ability to hire and retain key personnel; our ability to operate our manufacturing facilities at efficient levels, including our ability to prevent cost overruns and reduce costs; our ability to generate increased cash by reducing our working capital; our prevention of the accumulation of excess inventory; fluctuations in interest rates; our ability to successfully defend product liability actions; as well as the uncertainty associated with the current worldwide economic conditions and the continuing impact on economic and financial conditions in the United States and around the world, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, natural disasters, terrorist attacks and similar matters. For a discussion of these risks, uncertainties and other factors, see Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Overview

As used in this report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “CIRCOR” mean CIRCOR International, Inc. and its subsidiaries (unless the context indicates another meaning). The term “common stock” means our common stock, par value $0.01 per share.

CIRCOR designs, manufactures and markets differentiated technology products and sub-systems for the industrial and aerospace and defense markets. We have a diversified flow and motion control product portfolio with recognized, market-leading brands that fulfill our customers’ mission critical and severe service needs. The Company’s strategy is to grow organically through innovative product development (including growth in the digital space), aftermarket growth, penetrating new regions, margin expansion and through complementary acquisitions; achieve world class operational excellence; and build an inclusive, growth-oriented culture that attracts and retains a diverse group of talent. We have a global presence and operate 21 major manufacturing facilities located in North America, Western Europe, Morocco, China and India. The Company has the following reportable business segments: Industrial segment (“Industrial”) and Aerospace & Defense segment (“Aerospace & Defense”). We sell our products directly to end-user customers and original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), as well as through Engineering, Procurement and Construction (“EPC”) companies and our channel partner network.

In 2020, we completed the divestiture of our loss-making Distributed Valves (“DV”) business. This action stemmed from our strategic decision to exit the upstream oil and gas valves market. This business and the associated loss on disposal were reported within discontinued operations in our consolidated financial statements. The following discussion in this Item 1 relates only to our continuing operations unless otherwise noted. Refer to Note 1, Description of Business along with Note 3, Discontinued Operations and Assets Held for Sale, to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report for additional information.

Strategies

Our objective is to enhance stockholder value by focusing on growth, margin expansion, strong free cash flow and disciplined capital deployment. Our strategy to achieve these objectives is to:

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1) Build the Best Team. We are committed to creating a strong employee value proposition that attracts talented and diverse people to the CIRCOR team. We are also committed to investing in, engaging, challenging and developing our employees through a variety of development programs. Our goal is to build an inclusive, growth-oriented culture that, when combined with robust process, appropriate metrics and individual accountability, will deliver extraordinary results.

2) Grow Organically and Through Acquisitions. We leverage the power of our global design capabilities to develop innovative products that solve our customers’ most challenging and mission critical problems. New product development is an important part of our growth strategy. We are driving innovation in our traditional flow control product lines, as well as augmenting the existing product offerings with digital solutions that address well-understood customer needs. We are focusing on regional expansion in areas where we see opportunity for our products but have limited presence today. Expansion of our aftermarket is also a key part of our organic growth strategy. We sell products that have strong aftermarket opportunity and endeavor to service our customers throughout the lifetime of the installed equipment.

In addition to organic growth, we expect to acquire businesses over time. We are primarily focused on companies with differentiated technologies in complementary and adjacent markets. In addition to strategic fit and differentiated technology, the main criterion for an acquisition is return on invested capital.

3) Margin Expansion. Given our strategy of providing differentiated solutions to mission critical applications, we are driving value pricing across the Company, with a particular focus on aftermarket. We are also focused on the movement of operations to lower costs jurisdictions as well as simplifying our structure and optimizing centers of excellence to not only drive costs down and improve margins but to help us improve our customer service, operations and controls.

4) Achieve World Class Operational Excellence. Our Global Operations and Supply Chain organization is fully committed to achieving operational excellence in support of our customers’ expectations of high quality, on-time delivery and market competitiveness. We follow the CIRCOR Operating System (“COS”), which creates a disciplined culture of continuous improvement for driving operational excellence including a sales and inventory operations plan that provides for world-class quality and delivery while maintaining an optimal level of working capital. COS is comprised of ten business process attributes designed to engage and empower our employees to recognize and eliminate waste, work real-time problem solving as part of their everyday job experience, and enhance our performance both in operations and business office processes. Under the COS, our employees participate in a regimented training program and receive regular prescriptive assessments and action plans to drive process maturity. Quantitative performance metrics define site certification levels to help attain and sustain a level of quality, productivity, inventory management and market competitiveness that delights our customers, stockholders, and employees.

Business Segments

Industrial

Industrial is a global portfolio of highly engineered and differentiated flow control solutions. Our primary products are positive displacement pumps, specialty centrifugal pumps, metering pumps, automatic recirculating valves, control and actuators valves for mission critical applications.

Our technology is focused on moving the most difficult fluids with extremely high efficiency for critical applications in the general industrial, power, process, energy, and commercial marine end markets.

We plan to grow the Industrial segment by providing innovative new products, including digital products, in multiple product lines that address our customers' severe service and mission critical needs. We are driving growth regionally and developing products in-region, for-region. Growing our share of aftermarket business is a key element of our organic growth. We are using digitization, including a new CIRCOR app, to make it easier for our customers to order parts from us. The Industrial segment is also focused on pricing initiatives to drive value-pricing for our products. We believe margin expansion can be achieved through use of COS at our sites.

Industrial is headquartered in Radolfzell, Germany, with primary manufacturing centers in North America, England, Germany, India and China.

Markets and Applications

Industrial serves the general industrial, power and process, energy and commercial marine markets.

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The general industrial market includes a broad range of manufacturing operations for flow control. Our products are used to handle fluids with a wide range of viscosity, lubricity, temperature, pressure and flow requirements, automate and control plant utilities, increase energy efficiency in buildings and campuses, and safely regulate critical fluids such as steam and industrial gases used in manufacturing processes.

The power and process market is comprised of electric utilities, industrial power producers and OEM power generating equipment providers. Our products and services are used across this segment in lubrication management for turbines and generators, as well as fuel delivery, heat transfer, and emissions reduction applications. We serve power generation facilities and processes fueled by natural gas, oil, hydro, solar, nuclear, and coal.

The energy markets we serve are primarily midstream and downstream oil & gas, as well as renewables. In midstream, our products and services are used in the transfer of oils and refined products via pipelines, ship vessels, railcars, and trucks, as well as pipeline pigging and associated pipeline integrity operations. Our products and services are also used to manage and maintain storage terminals. In downstream, our products are used to support critical refining processes, both directly in the process and as part of integrated equipment supplied by OEMs. Our products are also used in the production and management of biofuels and supporting the operation of large-scale wind farms.

The commercial marine market includes shipbuilders, OEM suppliers of onboard equipment, and shipping fleet operators. Our products and services are designed specifically to support all aspects of fluid systems, including propulsion, ballast handling, cooling water, bilge, fuel, power generation, and mechanical hydraulics.

In all of the markets we serve, we provide aftermarket components and aftermarket services.

Brands

Industrial manufactures and markets products and services through the following brands:

Allweiler, Houttuin, IMO Pump, IMO AB, Leslie Controls, RG Lawrence, RTK, Schroedahl, Tushaco, and Zenith.

Products

Industrial offers a range of flow control products and services, including:

3 Screw Pumps
2 Screw Pumps
Progressing Cavity Pumps
Specialty Centrifugal Pumps
Gear Metering Pumps
Automatic Recirculation Valves
Highly engineered valves, actuation and unheading devices for refinery coking and Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Units (FCCU) operations
Severe Service and General Service Control Valves
Pipeline pigs and high-pressure pipeline closures

Our products must comply with certification standards applicable to many of our end markets. These standards include but are not limited to ISO 9001:2008, ANSI/ASQC Q 9001, API 676, and Mil-I-45208.

Customers

Industrial's products and services are sold directly to end-users, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”) that supply specialized systems in their respective end markets, and EPC companies and through a global network of indirect sales channels.

Revenue

Industrial accounted for $505.5 million, $691.7 million and $776.5 million or 65%, 72% and 77% of our net revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018. For the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to 2019, $90.3 million of decline in net revenues was due to divestitures and for the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to 2018, $81.0 million of decline in net revenues was due to divestitures.
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Aerospace & Defense

Aerospace & Defense produces diversified and innovative flow control products. Our primary product focus areas are valves, pumps, actuation, motors, switches and high pressure pneumatic systems. Aerospace & Defense products are mainly used in aerospace, defense and general industrial markets.

We plan to grow Aerospace & Defense by increasing market share in existing and new markets through exceptional sales and customer service and with new products enabled by innovative, reliable and high quality solutions. A key part of our strategy is the development of a strong technology team that can use our core technology to accelerate new product development. We are exploring adjacency applications for our core technology and opportunities to increase our aftermarket sales. Our growth will also be driven by margin expansion, through increased manufacturing capabilities at our lower cost facility in Morocco, adoption of the COS by our sites and value pricing initiatives.

We have Aerospace & Defense facilities in North America, the United Kingdom, France, Morocco, and India. Our Aerospace & Defense headquarters is in Corona, California.

Markets and Applications

Aerospace & Defense serves the aerospace and defense markets.

The aerospace market that we serve includes commercial aerospace primarily focused on systems and components on airliners and business jets, such as hydraulic, pneumatic, fuel and ground support equipment including maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO). In addition, we serve the defense aerospace market, including applications where controls or motion switches are mission critical. We support fixed wing aircraft, rotorcraft, missile systems, ground vehicles, submarines, weapon systems and weapon launch systems, ordinance, fire control, fuel systems, pneumatic controls, and hydraulic and dockside support equipment including MRO.

The non-aerospace defense market that we serve is primarily focused on naval vessels, with our pumps and valves used across most naval platforms in a wide variety of onboard applications. We are a trusted supplier to many countries' navies, leveraging our engineering and manufacturing capabilities to work directly with our customers in developing targeted solutions for mission critical applications including very low acoustic signature pumps for submarines.

In all of the markets we serve, we provide aftermarket components.

Brands

Aerospace & Defense manufactures and markets control valves, pumps, regulators, fluid controls, actuation systems, pneumatic valves and controls, electro-mechanical controls, motors and other flow control products and systems. Aerospace & Defense provides actuation and fluid control systems and services through the following brands: CIRCOR Aerospace, Aerodyne Controls, CIRCOR Bodet, CIRCOR Industria, CIRCOR Motors, Hale Hamilton, Leslie Controls, Portland Valve, and Warren Pumps.

Products

Aerospace & Defense offers a range of solutions, including:
Specialty Centrifugal, 2-Screw, and Propeller Pumps
Specialized control valves
MIL-Spec butterfly valves and actuators
Electromechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic, fluid and motion control systems
Brushless DC Motors
Switches
Actuation components and sub-systems

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In the manufacture of our products, we must comply with certain certification standards, such as AS9100C, ISO 9001:2008, National Aerospace & Defense Contractors Accreditation Program, Federal Aviation Administration Certification and European Aviation Safety Agency as well as other customer qualification standards. Currently all of our manufacturing facilities comply with applicable standards.

Customers

Aerospace & Defense products and services are sold directly and indirectly to a range of customers, including those in the military and defense, commercial aerospace, business and general aviation and general industrial markets. Our customers include aircraft manufacturers (OEMs) and Tier 1 suppliers to these customers.

Revenue

Aerospace & Defense accounted for $267.8 million, $272.6 million and $237.0 million, or 35%, 28% and 23% of our net revenues for the years ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

CIRCOR Consolidated

Competition

The domestic and international markets for our products are highly competitive. Some of our competitors have substantially greater financial, marketing, personnel and other resources than us. We consider product brand, quality, performance, on-time delivery, customer service, price, distribution capabilities and breadth of product offerings to be the primary competitive factors in these markets. We believe that new product development and product engineering also are important to our success and that our position in the industry is attributable, in significant part, to our ability to develop innovative products and to adapt existing products to specific customer applications. Our ability to leverage our large installed base of equipment to drive repairs and spares growth is a competitive advantage.

The primary competitors of our Industrial segment include: Leistritz AG, Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Netzsch GmbH, ITT Corporation, IMI plc, TD Williamson Inc., Seepex GmbH, and Naniwa Ltd.

The primary competitors of our Aerospace & Defense segment include: Transdigm, Crane Co., Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Moog, Inc., Parker Hannifin Corp., and Woodward Inc.

New Product Development

Our engineering differentiation comes from our ability to offer products, solutions and services that address high pressure, high temperature, and caustic flow. Our solutions offer high standards of reliability, safety and durability in applications requiring precision movement and zero leakage.

We continue to develop new and innovative products to enhance our market positions and drive growth. Our product development capabilities include designing and manufacturing custom solutions to meet high tolerance or close precision requirements. Our Aerospace & Defense segment continues to expand its integrated systems design and testing capability to support bundled sub-systems for aeronautics applications, as well as acoustically superior pumps for marine applications. These testing and manufacturing capabilities enable us to develop customer-specified applications. In many cases, the unique characteristics of our customer-specified technologies have been subsequently used in broader product offerings. The Industrial segment provides unique flow control products for viscous and critical fluids with specific design and engineering capabilities.

We maintain a Global Engineering Center of Excellence in India with a capable technology and engineering team that complements the engineering resources in a business unit.

Customers

For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, no customers accounted for more than 10% of the Company’s consolidated revenues. Our businesses sell into both long-term capital projects as well as short-cycle demand. As a result, we tend to experience fluctuations in orders, revenues and operating results at various points across economic and business cycles.

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Selling and Distribution

Across our businesses we utilize a variety of channels to market our products and solutions. Those channels include direct sales, distributors and commissioned representatives. Our channel partner network typically offers technically trained sales forces with strong relationships in key markets. We believe that our established, global direct and indirect sales channels constitute a competitive strength. We believe that we have good relationships with our channel partners.

Intellectual Property

The Company relies upon a combination of trade secrets and patent and trademark registrations to protect its intellectual property. Our patents are scheduled to expire between 2021 and 2030, and our trademarks can be renewed as long as we continue to use them. We do not believe the vitality and competitiveness of any of our business segments as a whole depends on any one or more patents or trademarks. We own certain licenses such as software licenses, but we do not believe that our business as a whole depends on any one or more licenses.

Raw Materials

The raw materials used most often in our production processes are castings, forgings and bar stock of various materials, including stainless steel, carbon steel, bronze, copper, brass, titanium and aluminum. These materials are subject to price fluctuations that may adversely affect our results of operations. We purchase these materials from numerous suppliers and at times experience constraints on the supply of certain raw material as well as the inability of certain suppliers to respond to our needs. Historically, increases in the prices of raw materials have been partially offset by higher sales prices, active materials management, project engineering programs and the diversity of materials used in our production processes.

Regulatory and Environmental Matters

Our business and operations are subject to numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations, both within and outside the United States, in areas such as: competition, government contracts, international trade, labor and employment, tax, environmental protection, workplace health and safety, and others. These and other laws and regulations impact the manner in which we conduct our business, and changes in legislation or government policies can affect our operations, both favorably and unfavorably. Below is a summary of the some of the significant regulations that impact our business (see also Part I, Item IA, Risk Factors).

Government Procurement. The services we provide to the U.S. federal government are subject to Federal Acquisition Regulation, the Truth in Negotiations Act, export controls rules and Department of Defense (DOD) security regulations, as well as many other laws and regulations. These laws and regulations affect how we transact business with our customers and, in some instances, impose additional costs on our business operations. A violation of specific laws and regulations could lead to fines, contract termination or suspension of future contracts. Our government clients can also terminate, renegotiate, or modify any of their contracts with us at their convenience.

Trade Controls. The export of our products is subject to applicable trade controls laws, including those in the U.S., the European Union, the United Kingdom and China, and include, but are not limited to, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, the Export Administration Regulations, and trade sanctions against embargoed countries. A violation of specific laws and regulations could lead to civil or criminal enforcement action and varying degrees of liability.

Anti-Bribery. We are subject to the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar anti-bribery laws, which generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to foreign government officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. The U.K. Bribery Act of 2010 prohibits both domestic and international bribery, as well as bribery across both private and public sectors. In addition, an organization that “fails to prevent bribery” committed by anyone associated with the organization can be charged under the U.K. Bribery Act unless the organization can establish the defense of having implemented “adequate procedures” to prevent bribery.

Human Capital

CIRCOR’s success depends on our ability to attract, develop, engage and retain key talent. Management oversees and drives a number of vital employee programs in support of these goals.



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Employee Profile

As of December 31, 2020, CIRCOR had 3,138, employees, of which approximately 80% are full-time. 48% of this workforce was in Europe, 41% in the United States, 9% in India and the rest spread across the rest of Asia, the Middle East and Latin America.

39% of our workforce is composed of skilled direct labor working in our factories across the globe. 28% is indirect labor in support of this direct labor. 33% are SG&A staff (including engineering, sales, finance, human resources and legal personnel). 6% of the Company’s U.S. employees are unionized. Outside the United States, we have employees in Europe that are represented by an employee representative organization, such as a union, works council or employee association.

Approximately 19% of the Company's global workforce is female, and 14% of the Company's employees in leadership roles are female. Approximately 31% of the Company's U.S. workforce and 25% of our U.S. employees in leadership roles are racially or ethnically diverse.

Talent Attraction

We employ a rigorous recruitment process to attract and hire the talent needed for our continued success and growth. This includes candidates from diverse backgrounds and with differing experiences. Candidates are carefully vetted and assessed in multiple stages and interviews. Our recruitment processes are designed to comply with local labor laws and regulations.

We actively partner with universities across the globe to recruit promising graduate talent into various functions in the Company. We partner with Kellogg School (Northwestern University) to hire graduating MBAs each year into the Company’s general management rotation program.

Talent Development

We are committed to developing its talent. Some of our employees participate in an annual Talent Review Process and Performance Management Process, which helps assess the performance as well as the potential of employees. We focus on investment in three main methods of developing talent: (1) on-the-job training, (2) mentorship and (3) training.

We offer an annual Senior Leadership Program for top leaders and a Management Development Program for mid-level managers. In addition, we actively train our employees on diversity and inclusion, interpersonal skills, process improvement skills, compliance topics as well as technical skills at the site level. We work with high potential employees to create Individual Development Plans for them and provide opportunities for assessments and coaching as needed. In 2020, 50% of leadership positions were filled internally as CIRCOR lays heavy emphasis on promoting from within.

Talent Retention

We are committed to creating a strong employee value proposition, and our retention strategy centers on building an inclusive, growth-oriented culture that is attractive to our employees. We have regular communications from our senior leaders to employees throughout the organization and provide channels for feedback.

We periodically conduct employee engagement surveys and other similar surveys to measure employee engagement and satisfaction. In addition, our sites host town halls throughout the year to engage employees at a local level. In 2020 while many of our employees worked from home, sites have hosted online events to continue to facilitate employee engagement.

In addition, we offer competitive compensation and benefits packages that are designed to retain, motivate and reward our employees. CIRCOR has a Pay for Performance philosophy, and we align our compensation practices with reference to external benchmarks, internal comparisons and the relationship between management and non-management remuneration. Some of our employees participate in our short-term and/or long-term incentive program connecting payouts to achievement of key financial and other metrics and the employee’s contribution to those results.

We also provide competitive benefits programs in line with local market practice. We regularly review our benefits packages globally, especially in light of changing employees’ expectations as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. During 2020 we supported more work from home opportunities, and we are rolling out a Flex Work Policy to accommodate employees after pandemic measures are lifted.

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We carefully monitor the voluntary attrition of our employees. In 2020, the annualized voluntary attrition rate was 7%. This is lower than our historical rate, in part due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which we believe led to fewer employees leaving their jobs during 2020.

Employee Health & Safety

We are committed to protecting the health and safety of our employees, and safety is one of our Absolutes. Our Absolutes, which are Safety, Controls and Ethics, are the three imperatives underlying everything we do at CIRCOR. Our culture of safety includes an ongoing training program, stand downs when injury events occur and encouraging our employees to speak up if they see a safety hazard.

We also utilize metrics to track employee safety. In addition to common lagging indicators, such as injuries, we look to leading indicators, such as safety observations and near-hits, integrated with established problem-solving methodologies to resolve any issue that endangers worker safety. Our total recordable incident rate for 2020 was 0.76.

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has created unique challenges for our employees, and we are striving to ensure the health, safety and general well-being of our teams. Actions we have taken in response to the pandemic challenges include the following:

Adjusting attendance policies to encourage those who are sick to stay home;
Increasing cleaning protocols across all locations;
Initiating regular communication regarding impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic;
Implementing temperature screening of employees at the majority of our facilities;
Establishing physical distancing procedures for employees who need to be onsite;
Providing additional personal protective equipment and cleaning supplies;
Implementing protocols to address actual and suspected COVID-19 cases and potential exposure;
Prohibiting all domestic and international non-essential travel for all employees;
Requiring masks to be worn in all locations where allowed by local law; and
Providing wellness seminars to employees addressing mental health needs exacerbated by the pandemic.

Diversity & Inclusion ("D&I")

CIRCOR is committed to cultivating a workplace that makes diversity, equity, inclusion and transparency priorities in everything we do. In furtherance of that commitment, we have established active D&I initiatives in the areas of talent acquisition, talent development, total rewards, employee engagement and communications, which impact employees at all levels of the organization. In addition, we appointed our first D&I Leader, who is driving our D&I initiatives and goals. Our goal is to increase gender and racial/ethnic representation throughout the organization, including senior management, and our initiatives are focused on that goal.

D&I achievements in 2020 included the following:

Developed strategy, priorities, goals and scorecard;
Added D&I review in periodic Talent Reviews with sites, including section for Emerging Female Talent;
Launched our first Employee Resource Group in late 2020, Women @ CIRCOR;
Approval of Flex Work Policy in the United States and Germany (other jurisdictions will follow in 2021);
Published D&I metrics; and
Multiple employee communications on D&I topics and initiatives.

Available Information

We file reports on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on a quarterly basis, additional reports on Form 8-K from time to time, and an annual report on Form 10-K on an annual basis. These and other reports filed by us, or furnished by us, to the SEC in accordance with section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are available free of charge from the SEC on its website at http://www.sec.gov. Additionally, our Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 10-K and amendments to those reports are available without charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been filed with, or furnished to, the SEC, on our Investor Relations website at http://investors.CIRCOR.com. The information on our website is not part of, or incorporated by reference in, this Annual Report.


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Item 1A.    Risk Factors
 
Set forth below are certain risk factors that we believe are material to our stockholders. The risks described in these risk factors could harm our business, financial condition, cash flows, results of operations and reputation. You should also consider these risk factors when you read “forward-looking statements” elsewhere in this report. You can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “hope,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue,” the negative of those terms or other comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements are only predictions and can be adversely affected by any of the following risks:
 
Risks Related to our Markets and Industry

We face significant competition and, if we are not able to respond, our revenues may decrease.

We operate in a highly competitive environment in each of the markets we serve, and we face competition in each of our segments from numerous competitors. We consider product innovation, product quality, performance, customer service, on-time delivery, price, distribution capabilities and breadth of product offerings to be the primary competitive factors in our markets. Our competitors may be able to offer more attractive pricing, duplicate our strategies, or develop enhancements to products that could offer performance features that are superior to our products. Competitive pressures, including those described above, and other factors could adversely affect our competitive position, resulting in a loss of market share or decreases in prices, either of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. In addition, some of our competitors are based in foreign countries and have cost structures and prices based on foreign currencies. The majority of our transactions are denominated in either U.S. dollar or Euro currency. Accordingly, currency fluctuations could cause our U.S. dollar and/or Euro priced products to be less competitive than our competitors’ products that are priced in other currencies.

We, along with our customers and vendors, face the uncertainty in the public and private credit markets and in general economic conditions in the United States and around the world.

In recent years there has been at times disruption and general slowdown of the public and private capital and credit markets in the United States and around the world. Such conditions can adversely affect our revenue, results of operations and overall financial growth. Our business can be affected by a number of factors that are beyond our control such as general geopolitical, economic and business conditions and conditions in the financial services market, which each could materially impact our business, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations. Additionally, many lenders and institutional investors, at times, have reduced funding to borrowers, including other financial institutions. A constriction on future lending by banks or investors could result in higher interest rates on future debt obligations, restrict our ability to obtain sufficient financing to meet our long-term operational and capital needs or limit our ability in the future to consummate strategic acquisitions. Any uncertainty in the credit markets could also negatively impact the ability of our customers and vendors to finance their operations which, in turn, could result in a decline in our sales and in our ability to obtain necessary raw materials and components, thus potentially having an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.

Implementation of our acquisition strategy may not be successful, which could affect our ability to increase our revenues, reduce our profitability or lead to significant impairment charges.
 
One of our strategies has been and is to increase our revenues and expand our markets through acquisitions that will provide us with complementary products. We expect to face competition for acquisition candidates that may limit the number of acquisition opportunities available to us and may result in higher acquisition prices. We cannot be certain that we will be able to identify, acquire or profitably manage additional acquired companies or successfully integrate such additional acquired companies without substantial costs, delays or other problems. Acquisitions may also involve a number of special risks, including: adverse effects on our reported operating results; use of cash; diversion of management’s attention; loss of key personnel at acquired companies; or unanticipated management or operational problems or legal liabilities.

Moreover, there can be no assurance that companies we have previously acquired or that we may acquire in the future ultimately will achieve the revenues, profitability or cash flows, or generate the synergies upon which we justify our investment in them; as a result, any such under-performing acquisitions could result in impairment charges which would adversely affect our results of operations. The acquired assets of businesses include goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets that are required to be tested for impairment at least annually or more frequently if impairment indicators are present. Events or changes that could indicate that the carrying value of our goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets may not be recoverable include reduced future cash flow estimates, slower growth rates in industry segments in which we participate and a decline in our stock price and market capitalization. In addition, any prolonged material disruption of our employees, distributors,
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suppliers or customers, whether due to COVID-19 or otherwise, would negatively impact our global sales and operating results and could lead to impairments and other valuation allowances.

Risks Related to our Operations

If we cannot continue operating our manufacturing facilities at current or higher levels, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

We operate a number of manufacturing facilities for the production of our products. The equipment and management systems necessary for such operations may break down, perform poorly or fail, resulting in fluctuations in manufacturing efficiencies. Such fluctuations may affect our ability to deliver products to our customers on a timely basis, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations. We are working to continuously enhance and improve Lean manufacturing techniques as part of the CIRCOR Operating System. We believe that this process produces meaningful reductions in manufacturing costs. However, continuous improvement of these techniques may cause short-term inefficiencies in production. If we are not successful in continuously improving our processes, our results of operations may suffer.

Further, a catastrophic event could result in the loss of the use of all or a portion of one of our manufacturing facilities. Although we carry property and business interruption insurance, our coverage may not be adequate to compensate us for all losses that may occur. Any of these events individually or in the aggregate could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

If we cannot pass on higher raw material or manufacturing costs to our customers, we may become less profitable.

One of the ways we attempt to manage the risk of higher raw material and manufacturing costs is to increase selling prices to our customers. The markets we serve are extremely competitive and customers may not accept price increases or may look to alternative suppliers, which may negatively impact our profitability and revenues.

If our suppliers cannot provide us with adequate quantities of materials to meet our customers’ demands on a timely basis or if the quality of the materials provided does not meet our standards, we may lose customers or experience lower profitability.

Some of our customer contracts require us to compensate those customers if we do not meet specified delivery obligations. We rely on numerous suppliers to provide us with our required materials and in many instances these materials must meet certain specifications. In addition, we continue to increase our dependence on lower cost foreign sources of raw materials, components, and, in some cases, completed products. While we actively manage our supply chain, having a geographically diverse supply base inherently poses significant logistical challenges, and we could experience diminished supplier performance resulting in longer than expected lead times and/or product quality issues. In addition, the potential physical effects of climate change, such as increased frequency and severity of storms, floods and other climatic events, could disrupt our supply chain, and cause our suppliers to incur significant costs in preparing for or responding to these effects. These or other meteorological changes could lead to increased costs. The occurrence of such factors could have a negative impact on our ability to deliver products to customers within our committed time frames and could adversely impact our results of operations, financial conditions and cash flows.

If we experience delays in introducing new products or if our existing or new products do not achieve or maintain market acceptance, our revenues may decrease.

Our industries are characterized by: intense competition; changes in end-user requirements; technically complex products; and evolving product offerings and introductions.

We believe our future success depends, in part, on our ability to anticipate or adapt to these factors and to offer, on a timely basis, mission-critical products that meet customer demands. Failure to develop new and innovative products or to custom design existing products could result in the loss of existing customers to competitors or the inability to attract new business, either of which may adversely affect our revenues. The development of new or enhanced products is a complex and uncertain process requiring the anticipation of technological and market trends. We may experience design, manufacturing, marketing or other difficulties, such as an inability to attract a sufficient number of qualified engineers, which could delay or prevent our development, introduction or marketing of new products or enhancements and result in unexpected expenses.

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If we fail to manufacture and deliver high quality products in accordance with industry standards, we will lose customers.

Product quality and performance are a priority for our customers since many of our product applications involve caustic or volatile chemicals and, in many cases, involve processes that require precise control of fluids. Our products are used in the aerospace, military, commercial aircraft, analytical equipment, oil & gas refining, power generation, chemical processing and maritime industries. These industries require products that meet stringent performance and safety standards, such as the standards of the International Organization for Standardization, Underwriters’ Laboratory, American National Standards Institute, American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the European Pressure Equipment Directive. If we fail to maintain and enforce quality control and testing procedures, our products will not meet these stringent performance and safety standards that are required by many of our customers. Non-compliance with the standards could result in a loss of current customers and damage our ability to attract new customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.

We rely on information technology in our operations, and any material failure, inadequacy, interruption or security failure of that technology could harm our business, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.

We rely on information technology networks and systems, including systems of third parties and the Internet, to process, transmit and store electronic information, and manage or support a variety of business processes, including operational and financial transactions and records, personal identifying information, payroll data and workforce scheduling information. We purchase some of our information technology from vendors, on whom our systems depend. We rely on commercially available systems, software, tools and monitoring to provide security for the processing, transmission and storage of Company and customer information. Although we have taken steps to protect the security of our information systems and the data maintained in those systems, no such measures can eliminate the possibility of the systems' improper functioning or the improper access or disclosure of confidential or personally identifiable information such as in the event of cyber-attacks. Security breaches, whether through physical or electronic break-ins, computer viruses, ransomware, impersonation of authorized users, attacks by hackers or other means, can create system disruptions or shutdowns or the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information. Additionally, outside parties frequently attempt to fraudulently induce employees, suppliers or customers to disclose sensitive information or take other actions, including making fraudulent payments or downloading malware, by using “spoofing” and “phishing” emails or other types of attacks. Our employees have been and likely will continue to be targeted by such fraudulent activities. Outside parties may also subject us to distributed denial of services attacks or introduce viruses or other malware through “trojan horse” programs to our users’ computers in order to gain access to our systems and the data stored therein. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and continuously become more sophisticated, often are not recognized until launched against a target and may be difficult to detect for a long time, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventive or detective measures.

If Company, personal or otherwise protected information is improperly accessed, tampered with or distributed, we may face significant financial exposure, including incurring significant costs to remediate possible injury to the affected parties. We may also be subject to sanctions and civil or criminal penalties if we are found to be in violation of the privacy or security rules under federal, state, or international laws protecting confidential information. Any failure to maintain proper functionality and security of our information systems could results in the loss of trade secrets or other proprietary or competitively sensitive information, compromise personally identifiable information regarding customers or employees, interrupt our operations, damage our reputation, subject us to liability claims or regulatory penalties. The costs associated with maintaining robust information security mechanisms and controls are also increasing and are likely to increase further in the future. We continuously seek to maintain a robust program of information security and controls, but the impact of a material information technology event could have a material adverse effect on our competitive position, reputation, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Terrorist activity and/or political instability around the world could cause economic conditions to deteriorate and adversely impact our businesses.

In the past, terrorist attacks have negatively impacted general economic, market and political conditions. Terrorist acts, acts of war or political instability (wherever located around the world) could cause damage or disruption to our business, our facilities or our employees which could significantly impact our business, financial condition or results of operations. The potential for future terrorist attacks, the national and international responses to terrorist attacks, political instability, and other acts of war or hostility , have created many economic and political uncertainties, which could adversely affect our business and results of operations in ways that cannot presently be predicted. In addition, with manufacturing facilities located worldwide, including facilities located in North America, Western Europe, Morocco, and India, we may be impacted by terrorist actions not only
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against the United States but in other parts of the world as well. In some cases, we are not insured for losses and interruptions caused by terrorist acts and acts of war.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted, and continues to pose risks to, our business, results of operations and financial condition.

The situation relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential effects on our business and financial results remains dynamic. The broader implications for our business and results of operations remain uncertain and will depend on many factors outside our control, including, without limitation, the timing, extent, trajectory and duration of the pandemic, the development, availability and effectiveness of treatments and vaccines, the imposition of protective public safety measures, and the impact of the pandemic on the global economy and enterprise and consumer behaviors. If these and other effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including its effect on broader economies, financial markets and overall demand environment for our products, continues or worsens, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

The COVID-19 pandemic may also increase the likelihood and severity of other risks discussed in this “Risk Factors” section, including but not limited to risks related to competition, development of the market for and demand for our products, delays in the development and production of our products, reliance on third parties, our international scale, our exposure to currency exchange rate fluctuations and the credit risks of our customers and resellers, and volatility in the capital markets.

Risks Related to our International Operations

If we are unable to continue operating successfully overseas or to successfully expand into new international markets, our revenues may decrease.

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from sales outside the United States. In addition, one of our key growth strategies is to sell our products in international markets not significantly served by us in portions of Europe, Latin America and Asia. We market our products and services outside of the United States through direct sales, distributors, and technically trained commissioned representatives. We may not succeed in our efforts to further penetrate these markets. Moreover, conducting business outside the United States is subject to risks, including currency exchange rate fluctuations; changes in regional, political or economic conditions, trade protection measures such as tariffs or import or export restrictions; and complex, varying and changing government regulations and legal standards and requirements, particularly with respect to price protection, competition practices, export control regulations and restrictions, customs and tax requirements, immigration, anti-boycott regulations, data privacy, intellectual property, anti-corruption and environmental compliance, including U.S. customs and export regulations and restrictions and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, and the occurrence of any of these factors could materially and adversely affect our operations.

Our international activities expose us to fluctuations in currency exchange rates that could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

Our international manufacturing and sales activities expose us to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Our major foreign currency exposures involve the markets in Western Europe and Asia. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could result in our (i) paying higher prices for certain imported goods and services, (ii) realizing lower prices for any sales denominated in currencies other than U.S. dollars, (iii) realizing lower net income, on a U.S. dollar basis, from our international operations due to the effects of translation from weakened functional currencies, and (iv) realizing higher costs to settle transactions denominated in other currencies. Any of these risks could adversely affect our results of operations and cash flows.

We use derivatives to help manage the currency risk related to certain business transactions denominated in foreign currencies. To the extent these transactions are completed, the contracts minimize our risk from exchange rate fluctuations because they offset gains and losses on the related derivatives. However, there can be no assurances that we will be able to effectively utilize these forward exchange contracts in the future to offset significant risk related to fluctuations in currency exchange rates. In addition, there can be no assurances that counterparties to such contracts will perform their contractual obligations to us in order for us to realize the anticipated benefits of the contracts.


A change in international governmental policies or restrictions could result in decreased availability and increased costs for certain components and finished products that we purchase from sources in foreign countries, which could adversely affect our profitability.

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Like most manufacturers of flow control products, we attempt, where appropriate, to reduce costs by seeking lower cost sources of certain components and finished products. Many such sources are located in developing countries such as India and China, where a change in governmental approach toward U.S. trade could restrict the availability to us of such sources. In addition, periods of war or other international tension and global health pandemics could interfere with international freight operations and hinder our ability to purchase such components and products. A decrease in the availability of these items could hinder our ability to timely meet our customers’ orders. We attempt, when possible, to maintain alternate sources for these components and products and the capability to produce such items in our own manufacturing facilities. However, the cost of obtaining such items from alternate sources or producing them ourselves is often considerably greater, and a shift toward such higher cost production could therefore adversely affect our profitability.

Risks Related to our Business Strategy

Our ability to execute our strategy is dependent upon our ability to attract, train and retain qualified personnel.

Our continued success depends, in part, on our ability to identify, attract, motivate, train and retain qualified personnel in key functions and geographic areas, including the members of our senior management team. In particular, we are dependent on our ability to recruit and retain qualified engineers with the requisite education, background and industry experience to assist in the development, enhancement, introduction and manufacture of our products.

Failure to attract, train and retain qualified personnel, whether as a result of an insufficient number of qualified candidates or the allocation of inadequate resources to training, integration and retention, could impair our ability to execute our business strategy and could have an adverse effect on our business prospects. Our success also depends to a large extent upon our ability to attract and retain key executives. The loss of the services of one or more of these key employees could have an adverse effect, at least in the short to medium term, on significant aspects of our business, including the ability to manage our business effectively and the successful execution of our strategies. If certain of these employees decide to leave us, we could incur disruptions to the completion of certain initiatives and we could incur significant costs in hiring, training, developing and retaining their replacements.

Risks Related to Legal, Regulatory and Compliance Matters

We face risks from product liability lawsuits that may adversely affect our business.

We, like other manufacturers, face an inherent risk of exposure to product liability claims in the event that the use of our products results in personal injury, property damage or business interruption to our customers. We may be subjected to various product liability claims, including, among others, asbestos-related claims, claims that our products include inadequate or improper instructions for use or installation, or inadequate warnings concerning the effects of the failure of our products. Although we maintain quality controls and procedures, including the testing of raw materials and safety testing of selected finished products, we cannot be certain that our products will be free from defect. In addition, in certain cases, we rely on third-party manufacturers for our products or components of our products. Although we have liability insurance coverage, we cannot be certain that this insurance coverage will continue to be available to us at a reasonable cost or, if available, will be adequate to cover any such liabilities. For example, liability insurance typically does not afford coverage for a design or manufacturing defect unless such defect results in injury to person or property. We generally attempt to contractually limit liability to our customers to risks that are insurable but are not always successful in doing so. Similarly, we generally seek to obtain contractual indemnification from our third-party suppliers, and for us to be added as an additional insured party under such parties’ insurance policies. Any such indemnification or insurance is limited by its terms and, as a practical matter, is limited to the credit worthiness of the indemnifying or insuring party. In the event that we do not have adequate insurance or contractual indemnification, product liabilities could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.

The costs of complying with existing or future governmental regulations on importing and exporting practices and of curing any violations of these regulations, could increase our expenses, reduce our revenues or reduce our profitability.

We are subject to a variety of laws and international trade practices, including regulations issued by certain United States governmental agencies and authorities in the European Union. We cannot predict the nature, scope or effect of future regulatory requirements to which our international trading practices might be subject or the manner in which existing laws might be administered or interpreted. Future regulations could limit the countries into which certain of our products may be sold or could restrict our access to, and increase the cost of obtaining products from, foreign sources. In addition, actual or alleged violations of such regulations could result in enforcement actions and/or financial penalties that could result in substantial costs.

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If we incur higher costs as a result of trade policies, treaties, government regulations or tariffs, we may become less profitable.

There is currently significant uncertainty about the future relationship between the United States and China, including with respect to trade policies, treaties, government regulations and tariffs. The past U.S. presidential administration had called for substantial changes to U.S. foreign trade policy and had implemented greater restrictions on international trade and significant changes in tariffs on goods imported into the U.S. Under the current administration, we expect that tariff increases will primarily impact our Industrial segment. We are unable to predict whether or when additional tariffs will be imposed or the impact of any such future tariff changes.

The costs of complying with existing or future environmental regulations and curing any violations of these regulations could increase our expenses or reduce our profitability.

We are subject to a variety of environmental laws relating to the storage, discharge, handling, emission, generation, use and disposal of chemicals, solid and hazardous waste and other toxic and hazardous materials used to manufacture, or resulting from the process of manufacturing, our products. We cannot predict the nature, scope or effect of future regulatory requirements to which our operations might be subject or the manner in which existing or future laws will be administered or interpreted. Future regulations could be applied to materials, products or activities that have not been subject to regulation previously. The costs of complying with new or more stringent regulations, or with more vigorous enforcement of these or existing regulations, could be significant.

Environmental laws require us to maintain and comply with a number of permits, authorizations and approvals and to maintain and update training programs and safety data regarding materials used in our processes. Violations of these requirements could result in financial penalties and other enforcement actions. We also could be required to halt one or more portions of our operations until a violation is cured. Although we attempt to operate in compliance with these environmental laws, we may not succeed in this effort at all times. The costs of curing violations or resolving enforcement actions that might be initiated by government authorities could be substantial.

Failure to maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could have a material adverse effect on our business and stock price.

In 2020 we remediated material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting identified as of December 31, 2019. If our remediation or other controls do not continue to operate effectively, we may not be able to rely on the integrity of our financial results, which could result in inaccurate or late reporting of our financial results, as well as delays or the inability to meet our reporting obligations or to comply with SEC rules and regulations. If we are unable to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting or disclosure controls and procedures, our ability to record, process and report financial information accurately, and to prepare consolidated financial statements within required time periods could be adversely affected, which could subject us to litigation or investigations requiring management resources and payment of legal and other expenses, negatively affect investor confidence in our consolidated financial statements and adversely impact our stock price.

Regulations related to “conflict minerals” may cause us to incur additional expenses and could limit the supply and increase the cost of certain metals used in manufacturing our products.

Under the conflict minerals rule, public companies must disclose whether specified minerals, known as conflict minerals, are necessary to the functionality or production of products manufactured or contracted to be manufactured. The rule requires a disclosure report to be filed by May 31st of each year. The conflicts mineral rule could affect sourcing at competitive prices and availability in sufficient quantities of certain minerals used in the manufacture of our products, including tantalum, tin, gold and tungsten. The number of suppliers who provide conflict-free minerals is limited. In addition, there may be material costs associated with complying with the disclosure requirements, such as costs related to determining the source of certain minerals used in our products, as well as costs of possible changes to products, processes, or sources of supply as a consequence of such verification activities. As our supply chain is complex, we may not be able to sufficiently verify the origins of the relevant minerals used in our products through the due diligence procedures that we implement, which may harm our reputation. In addition, we may encounter challenges to satisfy those customers who require that all of the components of our products be certified as conflict-free, which could place us at a competitive disadvantage if we are unable to do so.

Risks Related to our Common Stock

The trading price of our common stock continues to be volatile, and investors in our common stock may experience substantial losses.
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The trading price of our common stock may be, and, in the past, has been volatile. Our common stock could decline or fluctuate in response to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to: our failure to meet our performance estimates or performance estimates of securities analysts; changes in financial estimates of our revenues and operating results or buy/sell recommendations by securities analysts; the timing of announcements by us or our competitors concerning significant product line developments, contracts or acquisitions or publicity regarding actual or potential results or performance; fluctuation in our quarterly operating results caused by fluctuations in revenue and expenses; substantial sales of our common stock by our existing stockholders; general stock market conditions; and fluctuations in oil and gas prices or other economic or external factors. While we attempt in our public disclosures to provide forward-looking information in order to enable investors to anticipate our future performance, such information by its nature represents our good-faith forecasting efforts. As a result, our actual results have differed materially, and going forward could differ materially, from our forecasts, which could cause further volatility in the value of our common stock.

In recent years the stock market as a whole has experienced dramatic price and volume fluctuations. In the past, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of their securities. This type of litigation could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management attention and resources.

Risks Related to our Indebtedness

If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow, we may not be able to service our debt obligations, including making payments on our outstanding term loan.

Our ability to make payments of principal and interest on our indebtedness when due, including the significant indebtedness that we incurred in connection with our acquisition of Colfax Corporation's Fluid Handling business ("FH"), depends upon our future performance, which will be subject to general economic conditions (including recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic), industry cycles and financial, business and other factors affecting our consolidated operations, many of which are beyond our control. If we are unable to generate sufficient cash flow from operations in the future to service our outstanding debt, we may be required to, among other things:

seek additional financing in the debt or equity markets;
refinance or restructure all or a portion of our indebtedness;
divert funds that would otherwise be invested in our operations;
sell selected assets; or
reduce or delay planned capital expenditures or operating expenditures.

Such measures might not be sufficient to enable us to service our debt, which could negatively impact our financial results. In addition, we may not be able to obtain any such financing, refinancing or complete a sale of assets on economically favorable terms. In the case of financing or refinancing, favorable interest rates will be dependent on the health of the debt capital markets and our credit rating.

Our existing indebtedness could also have the effect, among other things, of reducing our flexibility to respond to changing business and economic conditions, reducing funds available for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions and other general corporate purposes or creating competitive disadvantages relative to other companies with lower debt levels.

Our credit agreement requires that we maintain certain ratios and limits our ability to make acquisitions, incur debt, pay dividends, make investments, sell assets or merge.

Our credit agreement, dated December 11, 2017, as amended, governs our indebtedness. This agreement includes provisions which place limitations on certain activities, including our ability to: issue; incur additional indebtedness; create any liens or encumbrances on our assets or make any guarantees; make certain investments; pay cash dividends above certain limits; or dispose of or sell assets or enter into a merger or a similar transaction. These restrictions may limit our ability to operate our business and may prohibit or limit our ability to execute our business strategy, compete, enhance our operations, take advantage of potential business opportunities as they arise or meet our capital needs. Furthermore, future debt instruments or other contracts could contain more restrictive financial or other covenants. The breach of any of these covenants by us or the failure by us to meet any of these conditions or requirements could result in a default under any or all of our indebtedness. If we are unable to service our indebtedness, our business, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations would be materially adversely affected.

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Discontinuation, replacement or reform of LIBOR could affect interest rates under our credit agreement and financing costs

Our credit arrangements include borrowings at variable rates, primarily based on London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"). In 2017 the UK Financial Conduct Authority announced that it will no longer be necessary to persuade or compel banks to submit to LIBOR after 2021. It is possible that, after 2021, the LIBOR may be discontinued as a reference rate. In the United States the Alternative Reference Rate Committee convened by the US Federal Reserve identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) as its preferred alternative reference rate to the US Dollar LIBOR. The shift away from one of the most widely used interest rate benchmarks to an alternative reference rate is a significant change for the global financial markets. At this time the future consequences of developments with respect to replacement of LIBOR remain unclear. However, these changes could have a material adverse affect on our credit facilities, and could adversely effect our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.


Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.


Item 2.    Properties
 
We maintain 21 major manufacturing facilities worldwide, including operations located in North America, Western Europe, Morocco, China and India. We also maintain sales offices or warehouses from which we ship finished goods to customers, distributors and commissioned representative organizations. Our executive office is located in Burlington, Massachusetts and is leased.
 
Our Aerospace & Defense segment has major manufacturing facilities located in North America, United Kingdom, France and Morocco. Properties in New York and California are leased. Our Industrial segment has major facilities located in North America, Germany, India and China. Properties in Germany, India and China are leased.

SegmentLeasedOwnedTotal
Industrial10 15 
Aerospace & Defense
Total15 21 
 
In general, we believe that our properties, including machinery, tools and equipment, are in good condition, are well maintained, and are adequate and suitable for their intended uses. Our manufacturing facilities generally operate five days per week on one or two shifts. We believe our manufacturing capacity could be increased by working additional shifts and weekends and by successful implementation of our CIRCOR Operating System. We also have low-cost sources for manufacturing in India and Morocco which have capacity to fulfill our manufacturing needs. We believe that our current facilities will meet our near-term production requirements without the need for additional facilities.


Item 3.    Legal Proceedings
 
For information regarding our legal proceedings refer to the first two paragraphs of Note 16, Contingencies, Commitments and Guarantees, to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report, which disclosure is incorporated herein by reference.


Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.



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Part II
 
Item 5.    Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) under the symbol “CIR.”

Our Board of Directors is responsible for determining our dividend policy. The timing and level of any dividends will necessarily depend on our Board of Directors’ assessments of earnings, financial condition, capital requirements and other factors, including restrictions, if any, imposed by our lenders. On February 28, 2018, we announced the suspension of our nominal dividend, as part of our capital deployment strategy.
 
As of March 10, 2021, there were 20,155,251 shares of our common stock outstanding and we had 50 holders of record of our common stock. We believe the number of beneficial owners of our common stock was substantially greater on that date.

The graph below compares the cumulative 5-Year total return provided stockholders on CIRCOR International, Inc.'s common stock relative to the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 index, the Russell 2000 index, our previous peer group (“2018 Peer Group”) and our updated peer group (“2019 Peer Group”). The companies included in the 2018 Peer Group and the 2019 Peer Group are listed in footnotes 1 and 2 below, respectively. We revised our peer group to incorporate peers relevant to the businesses we acquired in the Fluid Handling acquisition along with divestitures of non-core businesses. An investment of $100 (with reinvestment of all dividends) is assumed to have been made in our common stock, in each index and in each of the peer groups on December 31, 2015 and its relative performance is tracked through December 31, 2020.





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cir-20201231_g2.jpg


12/1512/1612/1712/1812/1912/20
CIRCOR International, Inc.$100.00 $154.37 $116.15 $50.82 $110.33 $91.72 
S&P 500100.00 111.96 136.40 130.42 171.49 203.04 
Russell 2000100.00 121.31 139.08 123.76 155.35 186.36 
2018 Peer Group100.00 123.46 117.88 77.90 101.45 87.70 
2019 Peer Group100.00 109.69 138.98 130.84 172.68 178.42 

2018 Peer Group: There are three companies included in the Company's 2018 Peer Group which are: Dover Corp, IDEX Corp and Schlumberger NV.
2019 Peer Group: The eight companies included in the Company's 2019 Peer Group are: Alfa Laval Ab, Flowserve Corp, Gardner Denver Holdings Inc, Imi Plc, Metso Oyj, Spx Flow Inc, Sulzer Ag and Weir Group Plc.

Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

Not Applicable. 




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Item 7.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
See Part 1, Item 1, "Business", for additional detail on forward looking statements.
 
Company Overview
 
CIRCOR International is one of the world’s leading providers of mission critical flow control products and services for the Industrial and Aerospace & Defense markets. The Company has a product portfolio of market-leading brands serving its customers’ most demanding applications. CIRCOR markets its solutions directly and through various sales partners to more than 14,000 customers in approximately 100 countries. The Company has a global presence with approximately 3,100 employees and is headquartered in Burlington, Massachusetts. See Part 1, Item 1, Business, for additional information regarding the description of our business.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic adversely impacted our end markets, operations, and financial condition in 2020. Throughout this continued time of unprecedented uncertainty, the Company's top priority remains the health and safety of our employees, customers, and suppliers. Because of the end markets we serve, the majority of our facilities are deemed 'essential operations' in the countries in which we operate. Throughout 2020 and continuing in 2021, we implemented significant measures in an effort to ensure our employees around the world have the necessary protection and our business continues to operate with as little disruption as possible. These measures include but are not limited to:

Additional cleaning and disinfecting procedures at all facilities;
Daily temperature checks and masks for employees;
Adherence to strict social distancing guidelines;
Employees are strongly encouraged to work from home where possible; and
Cancellation of all non-essential travel

Throughout 2020 and into 2021, the Company also took prudent action to ensure it maintained its financial flexibility including the cessation of all non-critical business expenses, permanent employee reductions, employee furloughs, and pay cuts for senior management and board of directors. We believe that these actions along with the Company's continued focus on new product innovation, cost productivity, and the CIRCOR Operating System ("COS") serve to best position the Company for potential end market recovery across our Industrial and Aerospace & Defense business segments. The situation relating to the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential effects on our business and financial results remains dynamic, and the broader implications for our business and results of operations remain uncertain and will depend on many factors outside our control. Please see Part 1, Item 1A - "Risk Factors" for more detail.

Segment Commentary

The Company's Aerospace & Defense segment has been and continues to be significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, primarily in our Commercial Aerospace business. We expect that the commercial aerospace end markets will improve in 2021 compared to 2020, but that a recovery to pre-pandemic levels of demand will depend on air framer production rates and could take several years. Our Defense business has been less impacted by the pandemic, and we expect continued growth in this end market driven by our positions on key U.S. defense programs, including the Joint Strike Fighter and Columbia class submarines, and new product introductions. We continue to focus on increasing growth in our global aftermarket.

The Company's Industrial reporting segment has been and continues to be significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2021, we expect modest growth in the General Industrial sector led by chemical and machinery applications with a weaker recovery in construction and mining. While our commercial marine sector continues to be constrained, we do expect to experience growth as the regulatory environment could cause demand for our products. We expect that our mid-stream and downstream oil and gas customers will continue to prioritize spending on critical safety and maintenance, but we expect that larger capital expenditures will continue to be delayed. We expect to experience higher demand for our products that serve the power generation markets with particular strength in Asia and in our global aftermarket.

We continue to implement actions to mitigate the impact on our earnings from lower demand and an increasingly competitive environment. In addition, we are investing in products and technologies designed to help solve our customers’ most difficult problems.  We expect to further simplify CIRCOR by standardizing technology, rationalizing facilities, consolidating suppliers and achieving world class operational excellence, including working capital management. We believe our cash flow from
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operations and financing capacity is adequate to support these activities. Finally, continuing to attract and retain talented personnel, including the enhancement of our global sales, operations, product management and engineering organizations, remains an important part of our strategy during 2021.

Basis of Presentation
 
All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. We operate and report financial information using a 52-week fiscal year ending December 31. The data periods contained within our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q reflect the results of operations for the 13-week, 26-week and 39-week periods which generally end on the Sunday nearest the calendar quarter-end date. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period financial statement presentation, including the results of discontinued operations and reportable segment information.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates
 
The Company’s discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations is based upon its consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). The preparation of these consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and related disclosure of contingent liabilities. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its significant estimates, including those related to contracts accounted for under the percentage of completion method, bad debts, inventories, intangible assets and goodwill, purchase accounting, delivery penalties, income taxes, and contingencies including litigation. Management believes the most complex and sensitive judgments, because of their significance to the consolidated financial statements, result primarily from the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. Management bases its estimates on historical experience, current market and economic conditions and other assumptions that management believes are reasonable. The results of these estimates form the basis for judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities where the values are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

There have been no significant changes from the methodology applied by management for critical accounting estimates previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

For goodwill, we perform an impairment assessment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis as of our October month end or more frequently if circumstances warrant. On March 29, 2020, the Company reorganized its reporting units and had its stock price drop below book value, which the Company determined were triggering events requiring an assessment of its goodwill and indefinite-lived trade names. Based on our impairment assessment as of March 29, 2020, we concluded that our goodwill in the Industrial reporting unit was impaired and, accordingly, recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $116.2 million in the quarterly period ended March 29, 2020.

In October 2020 when we performed our annual goodwill impairment assessment, the fair value of each of our reporting units exceeded the respective carrying amount, and no goodwill impairments were recorded. The fair values utilized for our 2020 goodwill assessment exceeded the carrying amounts by more than 20% and 10% for our Aerospace & Defense and Industrial reporting units, respectively. The growth rate assumptions utilized were consistent with growth rates within the markets that we serve and considered the near to mid-term negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our end markets, operations, and cash flows. If our results significantly vary from our estimates, related projections, or business assumptions in the future due to change in industry or market conditions, we may be required to record impairment charges.

For information regarding our significant accounting policies, refer to Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report, which disclosure is incorporated by reference herein.

Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue to depict the transfer of control to the Company's customers in an amount reflecting the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for performance obligations. Revenue on point in time contracts are recognized when customer obtains control of the product, which is generally at the time of shipping. Revenues and costs on certain long-term contracts are recognized on the percentage-of-completion method measured on the basis of costs incurred to estimated total costs of each contract. This method is used because management considers it to be the best available measure of progress towards completion on these contracts. Revenues and costs on contracts are subject to changes in estimates throughout the duration of the contracts, and any required adjustments are made in the period in which a change in estimate becomes known.

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For revenue that is recognized from products and services transferred to customers over-time, the Company uses an input measure (e.g., costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs at completion, known as the “cost-to-cost” method) to measure progress. The Company uses the cost-to-cost measure of progress because it best depicts the transfer of control to the customer which occurs as it incurs costs on its contracts. Under the cost-to-cost measure of progress, revenue is recognized proportionally as costs are incurred. Contract costs include labor, materials and subcontractors’ costs, other direct costs and an allocation of overhead, as appropriate. Accounting for over-time contracts requires reliable estimates in order to estimate total contract revenue and costs. For these contracts, management reviews the progress and execution of the Company's performance obligations at least quarterly. Management estimates the profit on a contract as the difference between the total estimated revenue and estimate at completion ("EAC") costs and recognizes the resultant profit over the life of the contract, using the cost-to-cost EAC input method to measure progress toward complete satisfaction of a performance obligation. A change in one or more of these estimates could affect the profitability of the related contracts. Management recognizes adjustments in estimated profit on contracts under the cumulative catch-up method. Under this method, the impact of the adjustment on profit recorded to date is recognized in the period the adjustment is identified. Revenue and profit in future periods of contract performance is recognized using the adjusted estimate. The impact of adjustments in contract estimates on our operating earnings can be reflected in either operating expenses or revenue.

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

In accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, the Company initially recognizes the financial statement effect of a tax position when, based solely on its technical merits, it is more likely than not (a likelihood of greater than fifty percent) that the position will be sustained upon examination by the relevant taxing authority. Those tax positions failing to qualify for initial recognition are recognized in the first interim period in which they meet the more likely than not standard, are resolved through negotiation or litigation with the taxing authority, or upon expiration of the statute of limitations. De-recognition of a tax position that was previously recognized occurs when an entity subsequently determines that a tax position no longer meets the more likely than not threshold of being sustained.

ASC 740, Income Taxes, requires a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The weight given to the potential effect of negative and positive evidence should be commensurate with the extent to which it can be objectively verified. The more negative evidence that exists, (a) the more positive evidence is necessary and (b) the more difficult it is to support a conclusion that a valuation allowance is not needed for some portion, or all, of the deferred tax asset. Should there be
a cumulative loss in recent years it is considered a significant piece of negative evidence that is difficult to overcome in assessing the need for a valuation allowance.

Management assesses the available positive and negative evidence to estimate whether sufficient future taxable income will be generated to permit use of the existing deferred tax assets. On July 9, 2020, the US Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released Final Regulations (Final Regulations) that provide guidance on the section 250 deduction for foreign-derived intangible income (FDII) and global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI). In addition, on July 20, 2020, Treasury released Proposed Regulations concerning GILTI. Based on the impact of these regulations, we believe less reliance should be placed on the US taxation of foreign earnings, which would adversely impact our ability to realize our US deferred tax assets. With the release of these Final Regulations during the third quarter, coupled with the negative evidence of cumulative losses in the US, the negative evidence outweighed the positive evidence as of the third quarter of 2020. As such, the Company has not relied on projections of future taxable income in our assessment of the realization of deferred tax assets at September 27, 2020, and recognized a valuation allowance of $42.2 million in income tax expense in the third quarter of 2020.. In addition, the Company recorded a valuation allowance related to German deferred tax assets of $14.8 million in income tax expense in the fourth quarter of 2020. The Company relied solely on the expected reversal of taxable temporary differences to support the realizability of the German deferred tax assets and no reliance was placed on projections of future taxable income.




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Results of Operations

The Chief Operating Decision Maker ("CODM") is the function that allocates the resources of the enterprise and assesses the performance of the Company's reportable operating segments. CIRCOR has determined that the CODM is solely comprised of its Chief Executive Officer ("CEO"), as the CEO has the ultimate responsibility for CIRCOR strategic decision-making and resource allocation.

Our CODM evaluates segment operating performance using segment operating income. We define segment operating income as GAAP operating income excluding intangible amortization and amortization of fair value step-ups of inventory and fixed assets from acquisitions completed subsequent to December 31, 2011, the impact of restructuring-related inventory write-offs, impairment charges and special charges or gains. The Company also refers to this measure as adjusted operating income. The Company uses this measure because it helps management understand and evaluate the segments’ core operating results and facilitates a comparison of performance for determining incentive compensation achievement.

For information regarding our segment determination refer to Note 18, Business Segment and Geographical Information, of the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report.

The following tables present information on net revenues and operating income of our business segments, along with a reconciliation of total segment operating income to the Company's consolidated operating income.

2020 Compared With 2019

Consolidated Operations
(in thousands)20202019Total
Change
DivestitureOperationsForeign
Exchange
Net Revenues
Industrial$505,449 691,688 $(186,239)(90,287)(98,435)2,483 
Aerospace & Defense267,822 272,625 (4,803)— (5,553)750 
Consolidated Net Revenues$773,271 $964,313 $(191,042)$(90,287)$(103,988)$3,233 
 
Net revenues in 2020 were $773.3 million, a decrease of $191 million from 2019 primarily driven by lower revenue as a result of divestitures of $90.3 million and lower operational results of $104.0 million, partially offset by favorable foreign exchange of $3.2 million.

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Segment Results
(in thousands)20202019Change
Net Revenues
Industrial $505,449 $691,688 $(186,239)
Aerospace & Defense267,822 272,625 (4,803)
Consolidated Net Revenues$773,271 $964,313 $(191,042)
Operating Income
Industrial - Segment Operating Income39,823 $90,789 $(50,966)
Aerospace & Defense - Segment Operating Income59,093 52,480 6,613 
Corporate expenses(31,285)(33,469)2,184 
Subtotal67,631 109,800 (42,169)
Special restructuring (recoveries) charges, net 4,945 5,186 (241)
Special other (recoveries) charges, net (39,248)17,686 (56,934)
Special and restructuring (recoveries) charges, net (1)(34,303)22,872 (57,175)
Restructuring related inventory (recoveries) charges, net (1)(250)(820)570 
Amortization of inventory step-up  — 
Impairment charges 116,182 — 116,182 
Acquisition amortization42,463 45,715 (3,252)
Acquisition depreciation3,985 4,352 (367)
Restructuring, impairment and other cost, net162,380 49,247 113,133 
Consolidated Operating (Loss) Income$(60,446)$37,681 $(98,127)
Consolidated Operating Margin(7.8)%3.9 %
(1) See Note 5, Special and Restructuring (Recoveries) Charges, net in the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report, for additional details.

Industrial Segment

(in thousands, except percentages)20202019Change
Net Revenues as reported$505,449 $691,688 $(186,239)
Net Revenues excluding divestiture (1)500,549 596,501 (95,952)
Segment Operating Income as reported39,823 90,789 (50,966)
Segment Operating Income excluding divestiture (2)39,823 73,500 (33,677)
Segment Operating Margin excluding divestiture (2)8.0 %12.3 %
Orders$481,609 $663,553 $(181,944)
(1) Adjusted for the January 2020 divestiture of our Instrumentation & Sampling business and the August 2019 divestiture of certain assets and liabilities related to our Spence and Nicholson product lines. The Instrumentation and Sampling business generated revenues of $4.9 million and $78.6 million for the years ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The Spence and Nicholson product lines generated revenues of $0.0 million and $13.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
(2) Adjusted for the January 2020 divestiture of our Instrumentation & Sampling business, which contributed $0.0 million and $13.8 million to segment operating income for the years ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and the August 2019 divestiture of certain assets and liabilities related to our Spence and Nicholson product lines, which contributed $0.0 million and $3.5 million to segment operating income for the years ended December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

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Industrial segment revenues decreased $186.2 million, or 27%, in 2020 compared to 2019. Segment net revenues excluding divestitures decreased $96.0 million due to the timing of projects in the Europe and North American Pumps businesses ("Pumps businesses") driving a decrease of 7% and reduction in the Valves businesses of 10%.

Industrial segment operating income decreased $51.0 million, or 56%, in 2020 compared to 2019. Segment operating income excluding divestitures decreased $33.7 million, or 46%, to $39.8 million for 2020 compared to $73.5 million for 2019, driven by decreases in the Pumps businesses of 31% and the Valves businesses of 49% partially offset by operational efficiencies in headquarters.

Industrial segment orders decreased $181.9 million, or 27%, in 2020 compared to 2019. The decrease was primarily driven by the impact from divestitures of $90.3 million and reductions in the Valves businesses of 17% and the Pumps businesses of 11%.

QUARTERLY INDUSTRIAL SEGMENT INFORMATION
(in thousands, except percentages)
(unaudited)
20192020
1ST QTR2ND QTR3RD QTR4TH QTRTOTAL1ST QTR2ND QTR3RD QTR4TH QTRTOTAL
Orders$171,834$164,642$158,986$168,091$663,553$136,443$116,023$107,453$121,690$481,609
Net Revenues177,615181,074169,431163,568691,688126,720123,825124,391130,513505,449
Operating Income22,58126,17321,27820,75790,7895,16912,4069,80712,44139,823
Operating Margin12.7%14.5%12.6%12.7%13.1%4.1%10.0%7.9%9.5%7.9%
Backlog (1)$254,942$238,081$218,365$226,208$226,208$222,190$217,774$203,993$197,198$197,198
(1) At end of period.


Aerospace & Defense Segment

(in thousands, except percentages)20202019Change
Net Revenues$267,822 $272,625 $(4,803)
Segment Operating Income59,093 52,480 6,613 
Segment Operating Margin22.1 %19.2 %
Orders$254,548 $313,939 $(59,391)

Aerospace & Defense segment net revenues decreased by $4.8 million, or 2% in 2020 as compared to 2019. The decrease was driven by our Aerospace businesses 28%, partially offset by increases in the Defense businesses 21%.

Segment operating income increased $6.6 million, or 13%, to $59.1 million for 2020 compared to $52.5 million for 2019. The increase in operating income was driven by improved value pricing and cost actions taken to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Aerospace & Defense segment orders decreased $59.4 million, or 18.9%, to $254.5 million in 2020 compared to $313.9 million in 2019, driven by decreases in our Defense businesses of 5% and our Aerospace businesses of 36%.
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QUARTERLY A&D SEGMENT INFORMATION
(in thousands, except percentages)
(unaudited)
20192020
1ST QTR2ND QTR3RD QTR4TH QTRTOTAL1ST QTR2ND QTR3RD QTR4TH QTRTOTAL
Orders$88,107$93,405$63,968$68,459$313,939$72,031$76,616$59,105$46,796$254,548
Net Revenues61,24064,69467,62179,070272,62565,49362,24162,24977,839267,822
Operating Income9,37410,44313,56419,09952,48012,49413,14214,78218,67559,093
Operating Margin15.3%16.1%20.1%24.2%19.2%19.1%21.1%23.7%24.0%22.1%
Backlog (1)$206,457$234,964$206,917$194,459$194,459$199,013$214,192$211,367$182,111$182,111
(1) At end of period.

Corporate Expenses

Corporate expenses decreased $2.2 million to $31.3 million for 2020. This decrease was primarily driven by ongoing cost savings initiatives and lower travel expenses due to global travel restrictions related to COVID-19.

Special and Restructuring (Recoveries) Charges, net

During 2020, the Company recorded a total of $34.3 million in recovery of special and restructuring charges. In our consolidated statements of (loss) income, these recoveries are recorded in special and restructuring (recoveries) charges, net. The recovery is a result of the net gain on sale of our Instrumentation & Sampling business, offset by professional fees related to an unsolicited tender offer to acquire the Company and other restructuring costs associated with our simplification efforts, primarily in our Industrial Segment. These recoveries, restructuring charges and other special charges are described in further detail in Note 5, Special and Restructuring (Recoveries) Charges, net, in the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report.

Restructuring, impairment and other costs, net

During 2020, the Company recorded a total of $162.4 million of Restructuring, impairment and other costs, net, including Q1 2020 industrial reporting unit goodwill impairment in the amount of $116.2 million. These charges represent plant, property, and equipment depreciation related to the step-up in fair value as part of our acquisition of Colfax Corporation's Fluid Handling ("FH") business, intangible amortization in connection with acquisitions subsequent to December 31, 2011, and step-up in fair value of inventory acquired as part of our FH acquisition. These charges are recorded in either selling, general and administrative expenses or cost of revenues based upon the nature of the underlying asset.

Interest Expense, Net
 
Interest expense decreased $14.4 million to $34.2 million for 2020. The change in interest expense was primarily due to lower debt balances.

Other Income, Net
 
Other income, net, was $0.5 million for 2020 compared to $0.8 million in 2019. The difference of $0.3 million primarily relates to net pension income for the retirement plans we acquired as part of the FH acquisition. Effective January 1, 2018 all pension gains and losses are recorded in the Other (Income) Expense, net caption on our consolidated statement of (loss) income. Pension Income was partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency translation.

Comprehensive (Loss) Income

Comprehensive loss increased $46.7 million, from a comprehensive loss position of $144.5 million for the year-ended December 31, 2019 to a comprehensive loss position of $191.2 million for the year-ended December 31, 2020. This change was primarily driven by an increase in net loss of $125.6 million in our continuing operations caused by impairment of goodwill of $116.2 million and increased income taxes of $41.5 million, partially offset by net gain on the sale of the
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Instrumentation & Sampling business of $53.2 million and reduced losses in our discontinued operations of $74.0 million as the Distributed Valve business was divested during the year.

As of December 31, 2020, we had a cumulative currency translation adjustment of $18.2 million in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss for our Brazil entity. If we were to cease to have a controlling financial interest in the Brazil entity or otherwise satisfy criteria for reclassification of the amount from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss to earnings, we would recognize a non-cash charge of $18.2 million based on December 31, 2020 balances, which would be included as a special charge within the consolidated statements of (loss) income.

(Benefit from) Provision for Income Taxes

The table below outlines the change in effective tax rate for 2020 and 2019 (in thousands, except percentages).

20202019Change
Income (Loss) Before Tax$(94,136)$(10,092)$(84,044)
Expected federal income tax rate21.0%21.0%—%
State income taxes, net of federal tax benefit(3.8)15.5(19.3)
Impairment(7.1)(7.1)
US permanent differences(1.6)1.6
Foreign tax rate differential4.64.50.1
Tax reserve(0.8)(0.3)(0.5)
Rate Change(0.1)5.9(6.0)
GILTI(4.0)(3.9)(0.1)
Foreign tax credit writeoff
Foreign-derived intangible income ("FDII")10.7(10.7)
Prior period adjustment0.444.1(43.7)
Dispositions(1.0)(227.0)226.0
Valuation Allowance(68.8)(0.5)(68.3)
Other, net0.4(16.1)16.5
Equity compensation(0.5)(10.8)10.3
Research and development13.1(13.1)
Effective tax rate(59.7)%(145.4)%85.7%

Management assesses the available positive and negative evidence to estimate whether sufficient future taxable income will be generated to permit use of the existing deferred tax assets. On July 9, 2020, the US Department of the Treasury ("Treasury") and Internal Revenue Service released "Final Regulations" that provide guidance on the section 250 deduction for foreign-derived intangible income ("FDII") and global intangible low-taxed income ("GILTI"). In addition, on July 20, 2020, Treasury released proposed regulations ("Proposed Regulations") concerning GILTI. Based on the expected impact of these regulations, we believe less reliance should be placed on the US taxation of foreign earnings, which would adversely impact our ability to realize our US deferred tax assets. With the release of the Final Regulations during the third quarter of 2020, coupled with the negative evidence of cumulative losses in the US, the negative evidence outweighed the positive evidence as of the third quarter of 2020. As such, the Company has not relied on projections of future taxable income in our assessment of the realization of deferred tax assets at September 27, 2020, and recognized a valuation allowance of $42.2 million in income tax expense in the third quarter of 2020. In addition, the Company recorded a valuation allowance related to German deferred tax assets of $14.8 million in income tax expense in the fourth quarter of 2020. The Company relied solely on the expected reversal of taxable temporary differences to support the realizability of the German deferred tax assets and no reliance was placed on projections of future taxable income.

As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company maintained a total valuation allowance of $125.3 million and $44.3 million, respectively, which relates to foreign, federal, and state deferred tax assets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019. The amount of the deferred tax asset considered realizable, however, could be adjusted if estimates of future taxable income during the carryforward period are reduced or increased or if objective negative evidence in the form of cumulative losses is no longer present and additional weight is given to subjective evidence such as our projections for growth.
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Results of Operations

2019 Compared With 2018

Consolidated Operations
(in thousands)20192018Total
Change
DivestitureOperationsForeign
Exchange
Net Revenues
Industrial $691,688 $776,453 $(84,765)$(81,044)$15,280 $(19,001)
Aerospace & Defense 272,625 237,017 35,608 — 39,133 (3,525)
Consolidated Net Revenues$964,313 $1,013,470 $(49,157)$(81,044)$54,413 $(22,526)

Net revenues in 2019 were $964.3 million, a decrease of $49.2 million from 2018 primarily driven by lower revenue as a result of divestitures of $81.0 million and unfavorable foreign exchange of $22.5 million, partially offset by operational growth in all segments of $54.4 million.


The following table present information on net revenues and operating income of our business segments, along with a reconciliation of total segment operating income to the Company's consolidated operating income.
(in thousands)20192018Change
Net Revenues
Industrial $691,688 $776,453 $(84,765)
Aerospace & Defense 272,625 237,017 35,608 
Consolidated Net Revenues$964,313 $1,013,470 $(49,157)
Operating Income
Industrial - Segment Operating Income$90,789 $104,831