Company Quick10K Filing
Clearfield
Price12.98 EPS0
Shares14 P/E39
MCap177 P/FCF12
Net Debt-10 EBIT6
TEV167 TEV/EBIT28
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-01
10-Q 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-01-29
10-K 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-15
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-01
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-01
10-Q 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-02-06
10-K 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-14
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-01
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-02
10-Q 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-01-29
10-K 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-15
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-07-31
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-04
10-Q 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-02-07
10-K 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-22
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-03
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-04
10-Q 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-02-03
10-K 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-25
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-07-29
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-04-29
10-Q 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-02-04
10-K 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-26
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-07-29
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-04-29
10-Q 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-01-30
10-K 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-21
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-08
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-03
10-Q 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-01-31
10-K 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-12-04
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-07-31
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-04
10-Q 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-01-27
10-K 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-30
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-07-29
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-04-29
10-Q 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-01
10-K 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-18
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-03
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-04
10-Q 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-04
8-K 2020-04-23
8-K 2020-04-23
8-K 2020-02-27
8-K 2020-02-27
8-K 2020-01-23
8-K 2020-01-23
8-K 2019-12-03
8-K 2019-11-07
8-K 2019-11-05
8-K 2019-07-25
8-K 2019-07-25
8-K 2019-05-09
8-K 2019-04-25
8-K 2019-04-25
8-K 2019-02-21
8-K 2019-02-21
8-K 2019-01-31
8-K 2019-01-31
8-K 2018-11-29
8-K 2018-11-08
8-K 2018-11-06
8-K 2018-07-26
8-K 2018-07-26
8-K 2018-04-26
8-K 2018-04-26
8-K 2018-02-22
8-K 2018-02-22
8-K 2018-02-22
8-K 2018-02-20
8-K 2018-01-25
8-K 2018-01-25

CLFD 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Basis of Presentation
Note 2. Net Income per Share
Note 3. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments
Note 4. Stock - Based Compensation
Note 5. Revenue
Note 6. Inventories
Note 7. Major Customer Concentration
Note 8. Goodwill and Intangibles
Note 9. Income Taxes
Note 10. Leases
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 exh_311.htm
EX-31.2 exh_312.htm
EX-32.1 exh_321.htm

Clearfield Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
856851341702012201420172020
Assets, Equity
2519149402012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
10.05.00.0-5.0-10.0-15.02012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 f10q_043020p.htm FORM 10-Q

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

[ X ] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

 

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File Number 0-16106

 

Clearfield, Inc.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Minnesota 41-1347235
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

7050 Winnetka Avenue North, Suite 100, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota 55428

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

 

(763) 476-6866

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value CLFD The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

[X] YES [_] NO

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

 

[X] YES [_] NO

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [_] Accelerated filer [X] Non-accelerated filer [_]

 

Smaller reporting company [X] Emerging growth company [_]

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [_]

 

 1 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

[_] YES [X] NO

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class: Outstanding as of April 14, 2020
Common stock, par value $.01 13,627,639

 

 

 2 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 3 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   (Unaudited)
March 31,
2020
  September 30,
2019
Assets          
Current Assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $8,575,556   $10,081,721 
Short-term investments   14,708,841    13,524,270 
Accounts receivables, net   8,069,531    9,118,639 
Inventories, net   11,688,103    9,012,980 
Other current assets   687,881    769,161 
Total current assets   43,729,912    42,506,771 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net   5,563,814    5,413,241 
           
Other Assets          
Long-term investments   25,130,000    23,902,000 
Goodwill   4,708,511    4,708,511 
Intangible assets, net   4,968,938    5,147,135 
Right of use lease asset   2,911,577    - 
Other   194,174    210,905 
Total other assets   37,913,200    33,968,551 
Total Assets  $87,206,926   $81,888,563 
           
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity          
Current Liabilities          
Current portion of lease liability  $714,008   $- 
Accounts payable   3,873,534    3,173,599 
Accrued compensation   3,472,731    3,224,860 
Accrued expenses   327,363    208,603 
Total current liabilities   8,387,636    6,607,062 
           
Other Liabilities          
Long-term portion of lease liability   2,468,858    - 
Deferred taxes   101,690    101,690 
Deferred rent   -    246,424 
Total other liabilities   2,570,548    348,114 
Total liabilities   10,958,184    6,955,176 
           
Shareholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 500,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, authorized 50,000,000, $.01 par value; 13,627,639 and 13,641,805 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019   136,276    136,418 
Additional paid-in capital   57,042,604    56,976,162 
Retained earnings   19,069,862    17,820,807 
Total shareholders’ equity   76,248,742    74,933,387 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity  $87,206,926   $81,888,563 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 4 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

UNAUDITED

               

 

   Three Months Ended  Six Months Ended
   March 31,  March 31,
   2020  2019  2020  2019
             
Net sales  $20,408,509   $19,084,365   $39,786,500   $39,173,515 
                     
Cost of sales   12,257,076    12,059,122    23,907,532    24,201,574 
                     
Gross profit   8,151,433    7,025,243    15,878,968    14,971,941 
                     
Operating expenses                    
Selling, general and administrative   7,431,261    6,727,744    14,757,881    13,503,619 
Income from operations   720,172    297,499    1,121,087    1,468,322 
                     
Interest income   217,725    169,443    440,968    304,580 
                     
Income before income taxes   937,897    466,942    1,562,055    1,772,902 
                     
Income tax expense   190,000    99,000    313,000    395,000 
Net income  $747,897   $367,942   $1,249,055   $1,377,902 
                     
Net income per share Basic  $0.05   $0.02   $0.09   $0.10 
Net income per share Diluted  $0.05   $0.02   $0.09   $0.10 
                     
Weighted average shares outstanding:                    
Basic   13,521,172    13,422,222    13,516,608    13,411,183 
Diluted   13,521,172    13,450,212    13,571,674    13,425,178 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 5 

 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

UNAUDITED

           

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020          

 

   Common Stock  Additional  Retained  Total share-
   Shares  Amount  paid-in capital  earnings  holders’ equity
Balance at December 31, 2019   13,657,459   $136,575   $57,383,020   $18,321,965   $75,841,560 
Repurchase of common stock   (41,796)   (418)   (428,236)   -    (428,654)
Stock-based compensation expense   -    -    87,937    -    87,937 
Restricted stock issuance, net   9,580    96    (96)   -    - 
Exercise of stock options   2,396    23    (21)   -    2 
Net income   -    -    -    747,897    747,897 
Balance at March 31, 2020   13,627,639   $136,276   $57,042,604   $19,069,862   $76,248,742 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019          

 

   Common Stock  Additional  Retained  Total share-
   Shares  Amount  paid-in capital  earnings  holders’ equity
Balance at December 31, 2018   13,662,456   $136,625   $56,161,405   $14,264,611   $70,562,641 
Stock-based compensation expense   -    -    563,666    -    563,666 
Restricted stock issuance, net   3,486    35    (35)   -    - 
Exercise of stock options, net of shares exchanged for payment   2,466    24    (17)   -    7 
Net income   -    -    -    367,942    367,942 
Balance at March 31, 2019   13,668,408   $136,684   $56,725,019   $14,632,553   $71,494,256 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 6 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

UNAUDITED

For the six months ended March 31, 2020          

 

   Common Stock  Additional  Retained  Total share-
   Shares  Amount  paid-in capital  earnings  holders’ equity
Balance as of September 30, 2019   13,641,805   $136,418   $56,976,162   $17,820,807   $74,933,387 
Repurchase of common stock   (41,796)  $(418)  $(428,236)  $-   $(428,654)
Stock-based compensation expense   -    -    328,523    -    328,523 
Restricted stock issuance, net   9,580    96    (96)   -    - 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan   15,107    151    169,501    -    169,652 
Exercise of stock options, net of shares exchanged for payment   3,396    33    2,549    -    2,582 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock grants   (453)   (4)   (5,799)   -    (5,803)
Net income   -    -    -    1,249,055    1,249,055 
Balance at March 31, 2020   13,627,639   $136,276   $57,042,604   $19,069,862   $76,248,742 

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2019          

 

   Common Stock  Additional  Retained  Total share-
   Shares  Amount  paid-in capital  earnings  holders’ equity
Balance as of September 30, 2018   13,646,553   $136,466   $55,483,759   $13,254,651   $68,874,876 
Stock-based compensation expense   -    -    1,102,190    -    1,102,190 
Restricted stock issuance, net   (352)   (4)   4    -    - 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan   17,312    173    145,767    -    145,940 
Exercise of stock options, net of shares exchanged for payment   5,440    54    (30)   -    24 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock grants   (545)   (5)   (6,671)   -    (6,676)
Net income   -    -    -    1,377,902    1,377,902 
Balance at March 31, 2019   13,668,408   $136,684   $56,725,019   $14,632,553   $71,494,256 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 7 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

UNAUDITED      

 

   Six Months Ended March 31,
   2020  2019
Cash flows from operating activities          
Net income  $1,249,055   $1,377,902 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   1,210,961    1,064,024 
Change in allowance for doubtful accounts   -    210,000 
Amortization of discount on investments   (55,641)   (15,855)
Stock-based compensation   328,523    1,102,190 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable, net   1,049,108    3,623,266 
Inventories, net   (2,675,123)   1,776,613 
Other assets   98,010    (486,554)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and deferred rent   1,091,431    (179,024)
Net cash provided by operating activities   2,296,324    8,472,562 
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Purchases of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets   (1,183,336)   (551,607)
Purchases of investments   (19,076,930)   (12,274,393)
Proceeds from maturities of investments   16,720,000    3,572,000 
Net cash used in investing activities   (3,540,266)   (9,254,000)
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan   169,652    145,940 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options   2,582    24 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock grants   (5,803)   (6,676)
Repurchase of common stock   (428,654)   - 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities   (262,223)   139,288 
           
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents   (1,506,165)   (642,150)
           
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period   10,081,721    8,547,777 
           
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period   8,575,556    7,905,627 
           
Supplemental disclosures for cash flow information          
Cash paid during the year for income taxes  $355,657   $1,051,716 
           
Non-cash financing activities          
Cashless exercise of stock options  $7,737   $17,390 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 8 

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying (a) condensed balance sheet as of September 30, 2019, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) unaudited interim condensed financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 have been prepared by the Company in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain financial information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements have been condensed or omitted. However, in the opinion of management, the financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the interim periods presented. Operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year or for any other interim period, due to variability in customer purchasing patterns and seasonal, operating and other factors. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019.

 

In preparation of the Company’s financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

Effective October 1, 2019 we adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases, using the effective date method under the modified retrospective approach. The amended guidance requires lessees, at the commencement date, to recognize a lease liability, which is a lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis, and to record a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases, Targeted Improvements, which gave companies the option of applying the new standard at the adoption date, rather than retrospectively to the earliest period presented in the financial statements. The Company elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the new standard, which among other things, allowed the Company to carry forward the historical lease classification. The Company also elected the practical expedient to not recognize a lease liability and ROU asset for short-term leases less than 12 months. We chose the option to apply the new standard at the adoption date, and therefore we are not required to restate the financial statements for prior periods, nor are we required to provide the disclosures required by the new standard for prior periods. Upon adoption, we recognized an approximate $2.4 million right-of-use asset, and an approximate $2.6 million lease liability. Our adoption of the new standard did not impact our cash flows or have a material impact on our results of operations. We have expanded our financial statement disclosures to comply with the requirements of the new standard.

 

Note 2. Net Income Per Share

 

Basic net income per common share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the reporting period. Diluted EPS equals net income divided by the sum of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus all additional common stock equivalents, such as stock options, when dilutive.

 9 

 

The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the net income per common share computations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,  Six Months Ended March 31,
   2020  2019  2020  2019
Net income  $747,897   $367,942   $1,249,055   $1,377,902 
Weighted average common shares   13,521,172    13,422,222    13,516,608    13,411,183 
Dilutive potential common shares   -    27,990    55,066    13,995 
Weighted average dilutive common shares outstanding   13,521,172    13,450,212    13,571,674    13,425,178 
Net income per common share:                    
Basic  $0.05   $0.02   $0.09   $0.10 
Diluted  $0.05   $0.02   $0.09   $0.10 

 

Note 3. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments

 

The Company currently invests its excess cash in bank certificates of deposit (“CDs”) that are fully insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) and Unites States Treasury (“Treasuries”) securities with terms of not more than five years, as well as money market accounts. CDs and Treasuries with original maturities of more than three months are reported as held-to-maturity investments and are recorded at amortized cost, which approximates fair value due to the negligible risk of changes in value due to interest rates. The maturity dates of the Company’s investments as of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019 are as follows:

 

   March 31, 2020  September 30, 2019
Less than one year  $14,708,841   $13,524,270 
1-5 years   25,130,000    23,902,000 
Total  $39,838,841   $37,426,270 

 

Note 4. Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company recorded $87,937 and $328,523 of compensation expense related to current and past restricted stock grants, non-qualified stock options and the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively, For the three months ended March 31, 2020, $83,140 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $4,797 is included in cost of sales. For the six months ended March 31, 2020, $318,928 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $9,595 is included in cost of sales. The Company recorded $563,666 and $1,102,190 of compensation expense related to current and past stock option grants, restricted stock grants and the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, $532,425 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $31,241 is included in cost of sales. For the six months ended March 31, 2019, $1,039,709 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $62,481 is included in cost of sales. As of March 31, 2020, $2,324,790 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock awards and stock options is expected to be recognized over a period of approximately 4.4 years.

 

Stock Options

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of options granted. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company granted employees non-qualified stock options to purchase an aggregate of 116,600 shares of common stock with a weighted average contractual term of 5.78 years, a weighted average 4.78 year vesting term, and an exercise price of $12.43. During the six months ended March 31, 2019, the Company granted employees non-qualified stock options to purchase an aggregate of 172,000 shares of common stock with a weighted average contractual term of four years, a three year vesting term, and a weighted average exercise price of $12.17.

 10 

 

This fair value of awards during the six months ended March 31, 2020 was estimated as of the grant date using the range of assumptions listed below:

 

    Six months ended March 31, 2020  
  Dividend yield   0%    
  Expected volatility 39.5 - 41.5%  
  Risk-free interest rate 1.65 - 1.69%  
  Expected life (years) 4 - 6  
  Vesting period (years) 3 - 5  

 

The expected stock price volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s stock for a period approximating the expected life. The expected life represents the period of time that options are expected to be outstanding after their grant date. The risk-free interest rate reflects the interest rate as of the grant date on zero-coupon U.S. governmental bonds having a remaining life similar to the expected option term.

 

Options are granted at fair market values determined on the date of grant, and vesting normally occurs over a three to five-year period. Shares issued upon exercise of a stock option are issued from the Company’s authorized but unissued shares.

 

The following is a summary of stock option activity during the six months ended March 31, 2020:

 

      Number of
options
  Weighted average
exercise price
 
  Outstanding as of September 30, 2019    290,750   $11.86   
  Granted    116,600    12.43   
  Exercised    (4,000)   2.58   
  Cancelled or Forfeited    (48,000)   13.35   
  Outstanding as of March 31, 2020    355,350   $11.95   

 

The intrinsic value of an option is the amount by which the fair value of the underlying stock exceeds its exercise price. As of March 31, 2020, the weighted average remaining contractual term for all outstanding and exercisable stock options was 2.31 years and their aggregate intrinsic value was $102,150. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company received proceeds of $2,582 from the exercise of stock options. During the six months ended March 31, 2019, the Company received proceeds of $24 from the exercise of stock options.

 

Restricted Stock

 

The Company’s 2007 Stock Compensation Plan permits its Compensation Committee to grant stock-based awards, including stock options and restricted stock, to key employees and non-employee directors. The Company has made restricted stock grants that vest over one to ten years.

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company granted non-employee directors elected at the Company’s 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders restricted stock awards totaling 5,830 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately one year and a fair value of $10.72 per share. The Company also granted 8,625 performance stock units entitling the participant to receive the same number of shares of the Company’s common stock, upon achievement of a fiscal year 2020 performance goal. The shares issued to the participant in settlement of the performance stock unit, if any, will be restricted stock subject to forfeiture that will vest one year following the settlement date of the performance stock unit. The Company has determined the fair value per underlying share of the performance stock unit awards to be $11.86 as of the grant date. These performance stock unit awards were forfeited during the six months ended March 31, 2020.

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2019, the Company granted non-employee directors elected at the Company’s 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders restricted stock awards totaling 4,340 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately one year and a fair value of $14.40 per share.

 

 

 11 

 

Restricted stock transactions during the six months ended March 31, 2020 are summarized as follows:

 

     Number of
shares
  Weighted average grant
date fair value
 
  Unvested shares as of September 30, 2019   130,440   $13.25   
  Granted   19,455    11.30   
  Vested   (5,740)   14.01   
  Forfeited   (9,875)   12.03   
  Unvested as of March 31, 2020   134,280   $13.02   

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Clearfield, Inc.’s ESPP allows participating employees to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at a discount through payroll deductions. The ESPP is available to all employees subject to certain eligibility requirements. Terms of the ESPP provide that participating employees may purchase the Company’s common stock on a voluntary after-tax basis. Employees may purchase the Company’s common stock at a price that is no less than the lower of 85% of the fair market value of one share of common stock at the beginning or end of each stock purchase period or phase. The ESPP is carried out in six month phases, with phases beginning on January 1 and July 1 of each calendar year. For the phases that ended on December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, employees purchased 15,107 and 17,312 shares at a price of $11.23 and $8.43 per share, respectively. In February 2020, the shareholders of Clearfield approved an increase of 200,000 shares to the Company’s ESPP share pool. As a result, as of March 31, 2020, the Company has 234,739 shares of common stock available for future purchase under the ESPP.

 

Note 5. Revenue

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Net sales include products and shipping and handling charges. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring products. All revenue is recognized when we satisfy our performance obligations under the contract. We recognize revenue by transferring the promised products to the customer, with substantially all revenue recognized at the point in time the customer obtains control of the products. We recognize revenue for shipping and handling charges at the time the products are delivered to or picked up by the customer. The majority of our contracts have a single performance obligation and are short term in nature. Sales taxes and value added taxes in foreign jurisdictions that are collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis and therefore are excluded from net sales.

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

The Company allocates sales from external customers to geographic areas based on the location to which the product is transported. Sales outside the United States are principally to countries in the Caribbean, Canada, Central and South America.

 

Our revenues related to the following geographic areas were as follows for the three and six months ended:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,  Six Months Ended March 31,
   2020  2019  2020  2019
United States  $19,489,270   $17,136,328   $37,731,957   $35,640,795 
All other countries   919,239    1,948,037    2,054,543    3,532,720 
Total Net Sales  $20,408,509   $19,084,365   $39,786,500   $39,173,515 

 

Clearfield manufactures and sells a proprietary product line designed for the Broadband Service Provider marketplace. In addition, the Company provides Build-to-Print services for original equipment manufacturers requiring copper and fiber cable assemblies built to their specification.

 

 

 12 

 

The percentages of our sales by markets were as follows for the three and six months ended:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,  Six Months Ended March 31,
   2020  2019  2020  2019
Broadband service providers   96%   94%   95%   94%
Build-to-print customers   4%   6%   5%   6%
Total Net Sales   100%   100%   100%   100%

 

Broadband Service Providers are made up of Community Broadband, which includes local and regional telecom companies, utilities, municipalities and alternative carriers, also referred to as Tier 2 and 3 customers, National Carriers, which includes large national and global wireline and wireless providers also referred to as Tier 1’s, MSO’s, which include cable television companies, and International customers.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Credit is extended based on the evaluation of a customer’s financial condition and collateral is generally not required. Accounts that are outstanding longer than the contractual payment terms are considered past due. The Company writes off accounts receivable when they become uncollectible; payments subsequently received on such receivables are credited to the allowance for doubtful accounts. As of both March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was $289,085.

 

See Note 7, “Major Customer Concentration” for further information regarding accounts receivable and net sales.

 

Note 6. Inventories

 

Inventories consist of the following as of:

 

     March 31, 2020  September 30, 2019  
  Raw materials  $8,795,376   $7,115,298   
  Work-in-progress   942,023    540,962   
  Finished goods   1,950,704    1,356,720   
  Inventories, net  $11,688,103   $9,012,980   

 

Note 7. Major Customer Concentration

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, Customer A comprised 21% of the Company’s net sales. For the six months ended March 31, 2020, Customers A, B and C comprised 20%, 11% and 10%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales. All of these customers were distributors. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, Customers A and B comprised 17% and 10%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales. For the six months ended March 31, 2019, Customers A and B comprised 18% and 11%, respectively, of the Company’s net sales. These major customers, like our other customers, purchase our products from time to time through purchase orders, and we do not have any agreements that obligate these major customers to purchase products in the future from us.

 

As of March 31, 2020, three customers accounted for 12%, 10% and 10%, respectively, or 32% in the aggregate, of accounts receivable. One of these customers is a distributor, one is a private label original equipment manufacturer and one is a broadband service provider. As of September 30, 2019, two customers accounted for 16%, and 12%, respectively, or 28% in the aggregate of accounts receivable. Both of these customers are distributors.

 

Note 8. Goodwill and Intangibles

 

The Company analyzes its goodwill for impairment annually or at an interim period when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate potential impairment. The result of the analysis performed as of September 30, 2019 did not indicate an impairment of goodwill. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, there were no triggering events that indicate potential impairment exists.

 

 13 

 

The Company capitalizes legal costs incurred to obtain patents. Once accepted by either the U.S. Patent Office or the equivalent office of a foreign country, these legal costs are amortized using the straight-line method over the remaining estimated lives, not exceeding 20 years. As of March 31, 2020, the Company has 22 patents granted and multiple pending applications both inside and outside the United States.

 

In addition, the Company has various finite lived intangible assets, most of which were acquired as a result of the acquisition of the active cabinet product line from Calix, Inc. (“Calix”) during fiscal year 2018. The Company analyzes its intangible assets for impairment annually or at interim periods when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate potential impairment. The result of the analysis performed as of September 30, 2019 did not indicate an impairment of our intangible assets. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, there were no triggering events that indicate potential impairment exists.

 

Note 9. Income Taxes

 

For the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded income tax expense of $190,000 and $313,000, reflecting an effective tax rate of 20.3% and 20.0%, respectively. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded a provision for income taxes of $99,000 and $395,000, respectively, reflecting an effective tax rate of 21.2% and 22.3%, respectively. The differences between the effective tax rate and the statutory tax rate were related to nondeductible meals and entertainment, nondeductible stock compensation, foreign derived intangibles deduction and research and development credits.

 

Deferred taxes recognize the impact of temporary differences between the amounts of the assets and liabilities recorded for financial statement purposes and these amounts measured in accordance with tax laws. The Company’s realization of deferred tax temporary differences is contingent upon future taxable earnings. The Company reviewed its deferred tax asset for expected utilization using a “more likely than not” criteria by assessing the available positive and negative factors surrounding its recoverability.

 

As of March 31, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the Company had a remaining valuation allowance of approximately $47,000 related to state net operating loss carry forwards the Company does not expect to utilize. Based on the Company’s analysis and review of long-term forecasts and all available evidence, the Company determined that there should be no further change in the valuation allowance for the six months ended March 31, 2020.

 

As of March 31, 2020, we do not have any unrecognized tax benefits. It is the Company’s practice to recognize interest and penalties accrued on any unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. The Company does not expect any material changes in its unrecognized tax positions over the next 12 months.

 

Note 10. Leases

 

Clearfield leases a 71,000 square foot facility at 7050 Winnetka Avenue North, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota consisting of our corporate offices, manufacturing and warehouse space. The lease term is ten years and two months and commenced on January 1, 2015.  On June 30, 2019, the Company amended its lease to add 14,000 square feet to this facility, with the lease term for the additional space coterminous with the original lease. Upon proper notice and payment of a termination fee of approximately $249,000, the Company has a one-time option to terminate the lease effective as of the last day of the eighth year of the term after the Company commenced paying base rent. The renewal and termination options have not been included within the lease term because it is not reasonably certain that we will exercise either option.

 

We also have an indirect lease arrangement for a 46,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Tijuana, Mexico. The lease term is three years and commenced on August 1, 2017. This lease does not contain a written option to renew.

 

On February 12, 2020, the Company entered into an indirect lease arrangement for an additional 52,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Tijuana, Mexico. The lease term is approximately 42 months and commenced on February 12, 2020. The lease contains written options to renew for two additional consecutive periods of three years each.

 

Right-of-use lease assets and lease liabilities are recognized as of the commencement date based on the present value of the remaining lease payments over the lease term which includes renewal periods we are reasonably certain to exercise. Our leases do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants. As of March 31, 2020, we do not have material lease commitments that have not commenced.

 

 14 

 

Operating lease expense included within cost of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expense was as follows for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020.

 

  Operating lease expense under ASC842, Leases, within:  Three months ended
March 31, 2020
  Six months ended
March 31, 2020
 
  Cost of goods sold  $218,874   $404,502   
  Selling, general and administrative   55,398    111,764   
  Total lease expense  $274,272   $516,266   

 

 

Future maturities of lease liabilities were as follows as of March 31, 2020:

 

     Operating
Leases
 
  2020 (remainder of fiscal year)  $440,312   
  2021   752,423   
  2022   772,803   
  2023   744,963   
  2024   516,725   
  Thereafter   217,552   
  Total lease payments   3,444,778   
  Less: Interest   (261,912)  
  Present value of lease liabilities  $3,182,866   

 

The weighted average term and weighted average discount rate for our leases as of March 31, 2020 were 4.78 years and 3.48%, respectively. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, the operating cash outflows from our leases were $168,815 and $336,655, respectively.

 

Rent expense for our operating leases as accounted for under ASC 840, Leases, included within cost of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expense was as follows for the three and six months ended March 31, 2019.

 

  Operating lease expense under ASC840, Leases, within:  Three months ended
March 31, 2019
  Six months ended
March 31, 2019
 
  Cost of goods sold  $164,118   $332,946   
  Selling, general and administrative   53,838    107,376   
  Total lease expense  $217,956   $440,322   

 

 

 

 15 

 

As previously disclosed in Note B of the Notes to the Financial Statements in our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, prior to the adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), the future minimum payments required under lease agreements were as follows:

 

     As of September 30, 2019  
  2020  $643,040   
  2021   479,213   
  2022   491,397   
  2023   503,895   
  2024   516,720   
  Thereafter   217,551   
  Total minimum lease payments  $2,851,816   

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not purely historical are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements relate to future events and typically address the Company’s expected future business and financial performance. Words such as  “plan,” “expect,” “aim,” “believe,” “project,” “target,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “will,” “should,” “could” and other words and terms of similar meaning, typically identify these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events and trends that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ from those projected in any forward-looking statements because of the factors identified in and incorporated by reference from Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019, as well as in other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which should be considered an integral part of Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” All forward-looking statements included herein are made as the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and we assume no obligation to update the forward-looking statements or to update the reasons why actual results could differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations as of and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes in Item 1 of this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019.

 

OVERVIEW

 

General

 

Clearfield, Inc. designs, manufactures and distributes fiber optic management, protection and delivery products for communications networks. Our “fiber to the anywhere” platform serves the unique requirements of leading Broadband Service Providers in the United States, which include Community Broadband, National Carriers, and MSO’s, while also serving the broadband needs of the International markets, primarily countries in the Caribbean, Canada, and Central and South America. These customers are collectively included in Broadband Service Providers. The Company also provides contract manufacturing services for Build-to-Print customers which include original equipment manufacturers (OEM) requiring copper and fiber cable assemblies built to their specifications.  

 

 16 

 

The Company has historically focused on the un-served or under-served rural communities who receive their voice, video and data services from independent telephone companies. By aligning its in-house engineering and technical knowledge alongside its customers, the Company has been able to develop, customize and enhance products from design through production. Final build and assembly of the Company’s products is completed at Clearfield’s manufacturing facilities in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, and Tijuana, Mexico, with manufacturing support from a network of domestic and global manufacturing partners. Clearfield specializes in producing these products on both a quick-turn and scheduled delivery basis. The Company deploys a hybrid sales model with some sales made directly to the customer, some made through two-tier distribution (channel) partners, sales agents and manufacturing representatives, and sales through original equipment suppliers who private label their products.

 

Due to the role Clearfield’s solutions play in supporting communications infrastructure, the Company’s operations in Minnesota have been classified as critical sector work under the State of Minnesota “stay at home” executive order adopted in response to the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) pandemic. We have transitioned our corporate employees at our Brooklyn Park headquarters to remote work arrangements. In accordance with the CDC and WHO guidelines, we also have implemented health and safety measures for the production staff that remain onsite at our Brooklyn Park facility. We have continued to maintain our manufacturing capacity in Brooklyn Park with these personnel. Similarly, we have implemented the recommended health and safety measures for the production staff that remains onsite at our Tijuana, Mexico manufacturing facilities.

 

The Company is closely monitoring the operations and staffing levels at its manufacturing facilities in Tijuana, Mexico and the status of restrictions at the U.S.-Mexico border. The State of Baja California, where our facilities are located, has adopted an order that has temporarily suspended the operations of other manufacturers in the region. While our operations in Tijuana have not been affected, we may become subject to local enforcement of the order at any time.

 

Even if our manufacturing capacity in Mexico continues, we may experience challenges to timely supply of materials to our Mexico facilities and timely product deliveries from the facilities due to border restrictions or border delays. Depending on the severity of these border issues, we may experience diminished or temporarily suspended operations, longer lead times than typical for product deliveries, or temporarily suspended product deliveries, which would result in delayed or reduced revenue from the affected orders in production and higher operating costs.

 

We dual source all our components and most of our supply chain partners remain operational and continue to provide the necessary components for our products to be manufactured in Minnesota and Mexico. We continue to monitor our supply chain, however uncertainties caused by the impact of COVID-19 present significant risk of disruption in our supply chain.

 

Should the Company experience a disruption in our ability to continue to produce in one or both of our facilities, disruption in our supply chain, or a decline in operational abilities, our contingency plans would result in a potentially significant increase in manufacturing costs and could impair our ability to fulfill customer orders.

 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Three months ended MArch 31, 2020 vS. three months ended mARCH 31, 2019

 

Net sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2020 ended March 31, 2020 were $20,409,000, an increase of approximately 7% or $1,324,000, from net sales of $19,084,000 for the second quarter of fiscal 2019. Net sales to Broadband Service Providers were $19,642,000 in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 versus $17,948,000 in the same period of fiscal 2019. Among this group, the Company recorded $919,000 in international sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2020 versus $1,949,000 in the same period of fiscal 2019. Net sales to build-to-print customers were $766,000 in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 versus $1,136,000 in the same period of fiscal 2019. The Company allocates sales from external customers to geographic areas based on the location to which the product is transported. Accordingly, international sales represented 5% and 10% of total net sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

 17 

 

The increase in net sales for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 of $1,324,000 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2019 was driven by increased sales to Tier 1 and MSO customers of $1,549,000 and $1,130,000, respectively. Offsetting this were decreased sales to International customers of $1,005,000, and Build-to-Print customers of $475,000, due to lower demand for each in the period. Additionally, sales to Community Broadband customers increased $125,000, relatively unchanged from the prior period.

 

Revenue from all customers is obtained from purchase orders submitted from time to time. Accordingly, the Company’s ability to predict orders in future periods or trends affecting orders in future periods is limited. The Company’s ability to predict revenue has become further limited by potential disruption to product delivery or changes in customer ordering patterns due to COVID-19. The Company’s ability to recognize revenue in the third quarter of 2020 for its backlog of customer orders will depend on the Company’s ability to manufacture and deliver products to the customers and fulfill its other contractual obligations. During March 2020, the Company experienced increased orders as the Company’s customers remained committed to their 5G builds and other projects to expand communications networks, which are part of the world’s critical infrastructure. The Company believes that Tier 1 customers may expand their 5G-related capital expenditure budgets, which may lead to accelerated opportunities for sales due to COVID-19. However, at this time, the Company does not have visibility into how long these customer ordering trends will continue. We expect that restrictions on our employees’ ability to access our customers may negatively impact sales in future quarters.

 

Cost of sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2020 was $12,257,000, an increase of $198,000, or 1.6%, from $12,059,000 in the comparable period of fiscal 2019. Gross profit percent was 39.9% of net sales in the fiscal 2020 second quarter, an increase from 36.8% of net sales for the fiscal 2019 second quarter. Gross profit increased $1,126,000, or 16%, to $8,151,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 from $7,025,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2019. The increase in gross profit in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 was due to increased volume while the increase in gross profit percent was primarily due to improved manufacturing costs, supply chain management initiatives and lower tariff costs. Gross profit was negatively impacted by tariff costs of approximately $61,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and $268,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2019. In the second quarter of fiscal 2020 ended March 31, 2020, the Company did not experience any significant impacts on cost of sales due to COVID-19.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $704,000, or 10%, to $7,431,000 in the fiscal 2020 second quarter from $6,728,000 for the fiscal 2019 second quarter. The increase in expense in the second quarter of fiscal 2020 consists primarily of increases of $1,176,000 in compensation expense due to additional personnel, $187,000 in product certification testing expenses and $174,000 in outside sales representative commissions, offset by decreases of $449,000 in stock based compensation expense and $210,000 in bad debt expense related to a customer bankruptcy occurring in the prior year period. In the second quarter of fiscal 2020 ended March 31, 2020, the Company did not experience any significant impacts on selling, general and administrative expense due to COVID-19.

 

Income from operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 was $720,000 compared to $297,000 for the comparable quarter of fiscal 2019, an increase of approximately 142%. This increase is attributable to increased gross profit, offset by higher selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Interest income for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 was $218,000 compared to $169,000 for the comparable quarter for fiscal 2019. The increase is due to increased balances and higher interest rates earned on investments in the second quarter of fiscal 2020. We expect interest income to decline due to the prevailing lower interest rates and the potential for further decreases in rates in the current economic environment The Company invests its excess cash in FDIC-backed bank certificates of deposit, U.S. treasury securities, and money market accounts.

 

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $190,000 and a provision for income taxes of $99,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We record our quarterly provision for income taxes based on our estimated annual effective tax rate for the year. The increase in tax expense of $91,000 from the second quarter for fiscal 2019 is primarily due to increased income from operations. The decrease in the income tax expense rate to 20.3% for the second quarter of fiscal 2020 from 21.2% for the second quarter of fiscal 2019 is primarily due to increased research and development tax credits.

 

The Company’s net income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $748,000, or $0.05 per basic and diluted share. The Company’s net income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $368,000, or $0.02 per basic and diluted share.

 

 18 

 

Six months ended March 31, 2020 vS. six months ended March 31, 2019

 

Net sales for the six months ended March 31, 2020 were $39,787,000, an increase of 2%, or approximately $613,000, from net sales of $39,174,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2019. Net sales to Broadband Service providers were $37,798,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2020, versus $36,761,000 in the same period of fiscal 2019. Among this group, the Company recorded $2,055,000 in international sales versus $3,533,000 in the same period of fiscal 2019. Net sales to build-to-print customers were $1,990,000 in the first six months of fiscal 2020 versus $2,413,000 in the same period of fiscal 2019. The Company allocates sales from external customers to geographic areas based on the location to which the product is transported. Accordingly, international sales represented 5% and 9% of total net sales for the first six months of fiscal 2020 and 2019, respectively.

 

The increase in net sales for the six months ended March 31, 2020 of $613,000 compared to the six months ended March 31, 2019 is primarily attributable to an increase in sales to Tier 1 and MSO customers of $2,324,000 and $1,555,000, respectively. This was offset by decreased sales to International customers of $1,445,000, Community Broadband customers of $1,304,000 and Build-to-Print of $518,000.

 

Cost of sales for the six months ended March 31, 2020 was $23,908,000, a decrease of $294,000, or 1%, from $24,202,000 in the comparable period of fiscal 2019. Gross profit percent was 39.9% of net sales in the fiscal 2020 first six months, up from 38.2% for the comparable six months in fiscal 2019. Gross profit increased $907,000, or 6%, to $15,879,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2020 from $14,972,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2019. The increase in gross profit in the six months ended March 31, 2020 was due to increased volume and a higher gross profit percent. The increase in gross profit percent was primarily due to improved manufacturing efficiencies and costs in its manufacturing facilities, and lower tariff costs. Tariff costs were $161,000 in the six months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $559,000 in the comparable six month period. In the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company did not experience any significant impacts on cost of sales due to COVID-19.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 9%, or $1,254,000, from $13,504,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2019 to $14,758,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2020. The decrease in the first six months of fiscal 2020 consists primarily of increases of $1,932,000 in compensation expense due to additional personnel, $257,000 in product certification testing expenses and $333,000 in outside sales representative commissions, offset by decreases of $721,000 in stock based compensation expense and $210,000 in bad debt expense related to a customer bankruptcy in the prior year period. In the six months ended March 31, 2020, the Company did not experience any significant impacts on selling, general and administrative expense due to COVID-19.

 

Income from operations for the six months ended March 31, 2020 was $1,121,000 compared to income from operations of $1,468,000 for the first six months of fiscal 2019, a decrease of $347,000, or 24%. This decrease is primarily attributable to increased gross profit, offset by increased selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Interest income for the six months ended March 31, 2020 was $441,000 compared to $305,000 for the comparable period for fiscal 2019. The increase is due to increased balances and higher interest rates earned on investments in fiscal 2020.

 

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $313,000 and a provision for income taxes of $395,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in tax expense of $82,000 from the six months ended March 31, 2019 is primarily due a lower effective tax rate for the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease in the income tax expense rate to 20.0% for the six months ended March 31, 2020 from 22.3% for the six months ended March 31, 2019 is primarily due to increased research and development credits.

 

The Company’s net income for the first six months of fiscal 2020 ended March 31, 2020 was $1,249,000, or $0.09 per basic and diluted share. The Company’s net income for the first six months of fiscal 2019 ended March 31, 2019 was $1,378,000, or $0.10 per basic and diluted share.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

As of March 31, 2020, our principal source of liquidity was our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Those sources total $23,284,000 as of March 31, 2020 compared to $23,606,000 as of September 30, 2019. Our excess cash is invested mainly in certificates of deposit backed by the FDIC, U.S. Treasury securities and money market accounts. Substantially all of our funds are insured by the FDIC or backed by the U. S. Government. Investments considered long-term were $25,130,000 as of March 31, 2020, compared to $23,902,000 as of September 30, 2019. We believe the combined balances of short-term cash and investments along with long-term investments provide a more accurate indication of our available liquidity. We had no long-term debt obligations as of March 31, 2020 or September 30, 2019.

 

 19 

 

We believe our existing cash equivalents and short-term investments, along with cash flow from operations, will be sufficient to meet our working capital and investment requirements for beyond the next 12 months. The Company intends on utilizing its available cash and assets primarily for its continued organic growth and potential future strategic transactions, as well as to mitigate the potential impacts of COVID-19 on the Company’s business. Due to the uncertainties caused by COVID-19 and the Company’s desire to maintain capital flexibility, the Board of Directors has suspended the share repurchase program originally adopted on November 13, 2014. As originally adopted, the Board of Directors authorized $8,000,000 for common stock repurchases and on April 25, 2017, our Board of Directors increased the authorization to $12,000,000 of common stock. As of March 31, 2020, there was approximately $4,981,000 remaining for repurchases under the authorization.

 

Due to the economic crisis resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, we expect that our future cash flow may be negatively impacted due to COVID -19 impacts within our operating and investing activities. We also expect that our uses of cash may be materially impacted by increased operating expense associated with mitigating supply chain, logistics, customer fulfillment risks caused by COVID-19.

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash used in operating activities totaled $2,296,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2020. This was primarily due to net income of $1,249,000, non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $1,211,000, and stock based compensation of $329,000 in addition to changes in operating assets and liabilities providing cash. Changes in operating assets and liabilities using cash include increases in inventory of $2,675,000 and accounts payable, accrued expenses and deferred rent of $1,091,000, offset by a decrease in accounts receivable of $1,049,000. The increase in inventory is a result of additional stocking levels to support the Company’s increased backlog, and additional safety stock due to the uncertainty of the COVID-19 virus on the Company’s supply chain. Accounts receivable balances can be influenced by the timing of shipments for customer projects and payment terms. Day’s sales outstanding, which measures how quickly receivables are collected, increased one day to 36 days from September 30, 2019 to March 31, 2020.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $8,473,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2019. This was primarily due to net income of $1,378,000, non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $1,064,000, and stock based compensation of $1,102,000 in addition to changes in operating assets and liabilities providing cash. Changes in operating assets and liabilities providing cash include decreases in accounts receivable and inventories of $3,623,000 and $1,777,000, respectively. Accounts receivable balances can be influenced by the timing of shipments for customer projects and payment terms. Day’s sales outstanding, which measures how quickly receivables are collected, decreased from 52 days at September 30, 2018 to 43 days at March 31, 2019. The decrease in inventory is a result of stocking levels being maintained by suppliers, which reduced the Company’s inventory.

 

Investing Activities

 

We invest our excess cash in money market accounts, U.S. Treasury securities and bank CDs in denominations across numerous banks. We believe we obtain a competitive rate of return given the economic climate along with the security provided by the FDIC and U.S. Government on these investments. During the six months ended March 31, 2020, we used cash to purchase $19,077,000 of both FDIC-backed and treasury securities and received $16,720,000 on CDs and treasuries that matured. Purchases of property, plant and equipment, mainly related to manufacturing equipment, consumed $1,183,000 of cash during the six months ended March 31, 2020.

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2019, we used cash to purchase $12,274,000 of both FDIC-backed and treasury securities and received $3,572,000 on CDs that matured. Purchases of patents and capital equipment, mainly related to information technology and manufacturing equipment, consumed $552,000 of cash in the six months ended March 31, 2019.

 

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Financing Activities

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2020, we received $170,000 from employees’ participation and purchase of stock through our ESPP and used $6,000 to pay for taxes as a result of employees’ vesting of restricted shares using share withholding. We used $429,000 to repurchase 41,796 shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program in the six months ended March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2020, we had the authority to purchase approximately $4,981,000 in additional shares under the repurchase program announced on November 13, 2014 that was subsequently increased on April 25, 2017.

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2019, we received $146,000 from employees’ participation and purchase of stock through our ESPP and used $7,000 to pay for taxes as a result of employees’ vesting of restricted shares using share withholding. We did not repurchase our common stock under the repurchase program in the six months ended March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, we had authority to purchase approximately $5,400,000 in additional shares under the repurchase program announced on November 13, 2014 that was subsequently increased on April 25, 2017.

 

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

 

Management utilizes its technical knowledge, cumulative business experience, judgment and other factors in the selection and application of the Company’s accounting policies. The accounting policies considered by management to be the most critical to the presentation of the financial statements because they require the most difficult, subjective and complex judgments include revenue recognition, stock based compensation, and valuation of inventory, long-lived assets, finite lived intangible assets and goodwill.

 

These accounting policies are described in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019. Management made no changes to the Company’s critical accounting policies during the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

In applying its critical accounting policies, management reassesses its estimates each reporting period based on available information. Changes in these estimates did not have a significant impact on earnings for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company’s management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of March 31, 2020. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes to the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2020 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

There are no pending legal proceedings against or involving the Company for which the outcome is likely to have a material adverse effect upon its financial position or results of operations.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

The most significant risk factors applicable to the Company are described in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2019. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, except for the addition of the following risk factor:

 

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted worldwide economic conditions and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

 

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, governmental authorities have implemented and are continuing to implement numerous and constantly evolving measures to try to contain the virus, such as travel bans and restrictions, limits on gatherings, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders, and business shutdowns. We have manufacturing operations in the U.S. and Mexico, which have been affected by the outbreak and have taken measures to try to contain it. Measures providing for business shutdowns generally exclude certain essential services, and those essential services commonly include critical infrastructure and the businesses that support that critical infrastructure. While both of our facilities currently remain operational, these measures have impacted and may further impact our workforce and operations, as well as those of our customers, vendors and suppliers. The constraints and limits imposed on our operations may slow or diminish our product development activities and qualification activities with our customers. Although many governmental measures have had specific expiration dates, some of those measures have already been extended more than once; as a result, there is considerable uncertainty regarding the duration of such measures and potential future measures. Restrictions on our manufacturing, support operations or workforce, or similar limitations for our vendors and suppliers, could limit our ability to meet customer demand and could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Furthermore, restrictions or disruptions of transportation, such as reduced availability of air transport, port closures and increased border controls or closures, have started to result in higher costs and delays, which could harm our profitability, make our products less competitive, or cause our customers to seek alternative suppliers.

 

The outbreak has significantly increased economic and demand uncertainty. We anticipate that the current outbreak or continued spread of COVID-19 will cause an economic slowdown, and it is possible that it could cause a global recession.

 

In response to these developments, we have modified our business practices, including restricting employee travel, modifying employee work locations, implementing social distancing and enhanced sanitary measures in our facilities, and cancelling attendance at events and conferences. Many of our suppliers, vendors and service providers have made similar modifications. The resources available to employees working remotely may not enable them to maintain the same level of productivity and efficiency, particularly our sales employees whose in-person access to our customers and customer prospects has been significantly limited. While we have experienced only limited absenteeism from those employees who are required to be on-site to perform their jobs, absenteeism may increase in the future and may harm our productivity. Further, our increased reliance on remote access to our information systems increases our exposure to potential cybersecurity breaches. We may take further actions as government authorities require or recommend or as we determine to be in the best interests of our employees, customers, partners and suppliers. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by COVID-19, in which case our ability to continue operations may be significantly negatively impacted, and we may be required to temporarily suspend our operations in the U.S. or in Mexico or in both locations. The resumption of normal business operations after such interruptions may be delayed or constrained by lingering effects of COVID-19 on our suppliers, third-party service providers, and/or customers.

 

The degree to which COVID-19 impacts our results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to, the duration and spread of the outbreak, its severity, the actions to contain the virus and address its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume.

 

 

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

In the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company repurchased shares of stock as follows:

 

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Period  Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased
  Average
Price Paid
per Share
  Total Number of
Shares
Purchased as Part
of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
  Approximate Dollar Value
of Shares that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Program (1)
January 1-31, 2020   -    -    523,794   $5,409,326 
February 1-29, 2020   3,538    10.89    527,332    5,370,783 
March 1-31, 2020   38,258    10.20    565,590    4,980,671 
Total   41,796   $10.26    565,590   $4,980,671 

 

  (1) Amount remaining from the $12,000,000 repurchase authorizations approved by the Company’s Board of Directors.  

 

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

On April 11, 2020, the Company received a $3.7 million loan under the Payroll Protection Program (PPP) within the Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act.

 

The Company carefully reviewed the economic impact and uncertainty caused by COVID-19 and the necessity of the PPP loan request to support the Company’s ongoing operations and believes that the Company made the required certifications for the PPP loan in good faith under the standards established by the CARES Act and the PPP regulations at the time of the Company’s loan application and the receipt of the loan.

 

However, due to the uncertainties caused by the changing guidance and statements from the U.S. Small Business Administration and U.S. Department of Treasury issued following the time of the Company’s loan application and the receipt of the loan, the Company repaid the PPP loan in full on April 30, 2020.

 

ITEM 6. Exhibits

 

Exhibit 31.1 – Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Exhibit 31.2 – Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Exhibit 32.1 – Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350

 

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

 

 

May 1, 2020  /s/ Cheryl Beranek
 

By: Cheryl Beranek

Its: President and Chief Executive Officer

  (Principal Executive Officer)
   
May 1, 2020 /s/ Daniel Herzog
 

By: Daniel Herzog

Its: Chief Financial Officer

  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

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