10-Q 1 clfd20220331_10q.htm FORM 10-Q clfd20220331_10q.htm
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022

 

 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from __________________ to ___________________

 

Commission File Number 0-16106

 

Clearfield, Inc.

 

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Minnesota

41-1347235

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

7050 Winnetka Avenue North, Suite 100, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota 55428

(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

 

(763) 476-6866

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.01 par value

CLFD

The Nasdaq Stock Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

☒   Yes    ☐   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

 

 ☒   Yes   ☐   No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ☐Accelerated filer   ☐Non-accelerated filer   ☒

 

Smaller reporting company   Emerging growth company   

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

1

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

   Yes    ☒   No

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Class:

Outstanding as of April 19, 2022

Common stock, par value $.01

13,771,632

 

 

 

2

 
 

 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

4

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

4

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENTS DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

18

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

24

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

24

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

24

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

24

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

24

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

25

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

25

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

25

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

25

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

26

SIGNATURES

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

 

  

March 31,
2022 (Unaudited)

  

September 30,
2021

 

Assets

        

Current Assets

        

Cash and cash equivalents

 $13,923  $13,216 

Short-term investments

  739   10,374 

Accounts receivables, net

  21,836   19,438 

Inventories, net

  60,918   27,524 

Other current assets

  1,601   954 

Total current assets

  99,017   71,506 
         

Property, plant and equipment, net

  8,701   4,998 
         

Other Assets

        

Long-term investments

  28,448   36,913 

Goodwill

  4,709   4,709 

Intangible assets, net

  4,487   4,696 

Right of use lease assets

  13,414   2,305 

Deferred tax asset

  572   365 

Other

  620   419 

Total other assets

  52,250   49,407 

Total Assets

 $159,968  $125,911 
         

Liabilities and Shareholders Equity

        

Current Liabilities

        

Current portion of lease liability

 $2,758  $915 

Accounts payable

  15,024   9,215 

Accrued compensation

  6,804   8,729 

Accrued expenses

  759   1,613 

Total current liabilities

  25,345   20,472 
         

Other Liabilities

        

Long-term portion of lease liability

  11,194   1,615 

Total liabilities

  36,539   22,087 
         

Shareholders’ Equity

        

Preferred stock, $.01 par value; 500,000 shares; no shares issued or outstanding 

  -   - 

Common stock, authorized 50,000,000, $.01 par value; 13,772,581 and 13,732,188 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021

  138   137 

Additional paid-in capital

  58,949   58,246 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

  (725)  - 

Retained earnings

  65,067   45,441 

Total shareholders’ equity

  123,429   103,824 

Total Liabilities and Shareholders Equity

 $159,968  $125,911 

 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

4

 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

UNAUDITED

(IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE DATA)

 

   

Three Months Ended

   

Six Months Ended

 
   

March 31,

   

March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

   

2022

   

2021

 
                                 

Net sales

  $ 53,495     $ 29,692     $ 104,604     $ 56,784  
                                 

Cost of sales

    30,331       16,750       58,468       32,473  
                                 

Gross profit

    23,164       12,942       46,136       24,311  
                                 

Operating expenses

                               

Selling, general and administrative

    11,233       8,490       21,155       16,146  

Income from operations

    11,931       4,452       24,981       8,165  
                                 

Net investment income

    121       123       241       257  
                                 

Income before income taxes

    12,052       4,575       25,222       8,422  
                                 

Income tax expense

    2,816       935       5,596       1,619  

Net income

  $ 9,236     $ 3,640     $ 19,626     $ 6,803  
                                 

Net income per share Basic

  $ 0.67     $ 0.27     $ 1.43     $ 0.50  

Net income per share Diluted

  $ 0.66     $ 0.27     $ 1.41     $ 0.50  
                                 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

                               

Basic

    13,767,341       13,730,150       13,755,291       13,711,135  

Diluted

    13,902,836       13,779,779       13,900,180       13,738,090  

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

5

 
 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

UNAUDITED

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

   

Three Months Ended

   

Six Months Ended

 
   

March 31,

   

March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

   

2022

   

2021

 
                                 

Net Income

  $ 9,236     $ 3,640     $ 19,626     $ 6,803  
                                 

Other comprehensive loss before income taxes:

                               

Unrealized losses on available-for-sale adjustments

    (932 )     -       (932 )     -  
                                 

Total other comprehensive loss before income taxes

    (932 )     -       (932 )     -  
                                 

Income tax benefit

    (207 )     -       (207 )     -  
                                 

Total other comprehensive loss after income taxes

    (725 )     -       (725 )     -  
                                 

Total other comprehensive income

  $ 8,511     $ 3,640     $ 18,901     $ 6,803  

 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

6

 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

UNAUDITED

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022

                         

Accumulated other

                 
   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

comprehensive

   

Retained

   

Total share-

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

paid-in capital

   

loss

   

earnings

   

holders’ equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2021

    13,762     $ 138     $ 58,505     $ -     $ 55,831     $ 114,474  

Stock-based compensation expense

    -       -       570       -       -       570  

Restricted stock issuance, net of forfeitures

    6       -       -       -       -       -  

Withholding related to exercise of stock options

    5       -       (126 )     -       -       (126 )

Other Comprehensive Loss

    -       -       -       (725 )     -       (725 )

Net income

    -       -       -       -       9,236       9,236  

Balance at March 31, 2022

    13,773     $ 138     $ 58,949     $ (725 )   $ 65,067     $ 123,429  

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021

                         

Accumulated other

                 
   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

comprehensive

   

Retained

   

Total share-

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

paid-in capital

   

loss

   

earnings

   

holders’ equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2020

    13,728     $ 137     $ 57,697     $ -     $ 28,277     $ 86,111  

Stock-based compensation expense

    -       -       334       -       -       334  

Restricted stock issuance, net

    (1 )     -       -       -       -       -  

Withholding related to exercise of stock options

    8       -       (194 )     -       -       (194 )

Repurchase of shares for payment of withholding taxes for vested restricted stock grants

    (2 )     -       (43 )     -       -       (43 )

Net income

    -       -       -       -       3,640       3,640  

Balance at March 31, 2021

    13,733     $ 137     $ 57,794     $ -     $ 31,917     $ 89,848  

 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

7

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

UNAUDITED

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2022

                         

Accumulated other

                 
   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

comprehensive

   

Retained

   

Total share-

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

paid-in capital

   

loss

   

earnings

   

holders’ equity

 

Balance as of September 30, 2021

    13,732     $ 137     $ 58,246     $ -     $ 45,441     $ 103,824  

Stock-based compensation expense

    -       -       1,010       -       -       1,010  

Restricted stock issuance, net of forfeitures

    30       1       -       -       -       1  

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan

    8       -       249       -       -       249  

Withholding related to exercise of stock options

    7       -       (282 )     -       -       (282 )

Repurchase of shares for payment of withholding taxes for vested restricted stock grants

    (4 )     -       (274 )     -       -       (274 )

Other Comprehensive Loss

    -       -       -       (725 )     -       (725 )

Net income

    -       -       -       -       19,626       19,626  

Balance at March 31, 2022

    13,773     $ 138     $ 58,949     $ (725 )   $ 65,067     $ 123,429  

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2021

                         

Accumulated other

                 
   

Common Stock

   

Additional

   

comprehensive

   

Retained

   

Total share-

 
   

Shares

   

Amount

   

paid-in capital

   

loss

   

earnings

   

holders’ equity

 

Balance as of September 30, 2020

    13,650     $ 137     $ 57,502     $ -     $ 25,114     $ 82,753  

Stock-based compensation expense

    -       -       623       -       -       623  

Restricted stock issuance, net

    37       -       -       -       -       -  

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan

    15       -       179       -       -       179  

Withholding related to exercise of stock options

    33       -       (456 )     -       -       (456 )

Repurchase of shares for payment of withholding taxes for vested restricted stock grants

    (2 )     -       (54 )     -       -       (54 )

Net income

    -       -       -       -       6,803       6,803  

Balance at March 31, 2021

    13,733     $ 137     $ 57,794     $ -     $ 31,917     $ 89,848  

 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

8

 

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

UNAUDITED

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

 

 

Six Months Ended March 31,

 
   

2022

   

2021

 

Cash flows from operating activities

               

Net income

  $ 19,626     $ 6,803  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:

               

Depreciation and amortization

    1,362       1,139  

Change in allowance for doubtful accounts

    -       210  

Amortization of discount on investments

    (21 )     -  

Stock-based compensation

    1,010       623  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

               

Accounts receivable

    (2,398 )     (2,908 )

Inventories, net

    (33,394 )     (219 )

Other assets

    (811 )     (189 )

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

    3,344       1,240  

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

    (11,282 )     6,699  
                 

Cash flows from investing activities

               

Purchases of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

    (4,842 )     (682 )

Purchases of investments

    (248 )     (6,448 )

Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments

    17,386       6,651  

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

    12,296       (479 )
                 

Cash flows from financing activities

               

Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan

    249       179  

Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock grants

    (274 )     (54 )

Withholding related to exercise of stock options

    (282 )     (456 )

Net cash used in financing activities

    (307 )     (331 )
                 

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

    707       5,889  
                 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

    13,216       16,450  
                 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

  $ 13,923     $ 22,339  
                 

Supplemental disclosures for cash flow information

               

Cash paid during the year for income taxes

  $ 6,934     $ 2,331  
                 

Non-cash financing activities

               

Cashless exercise of stock options

  $ 210     $ 1,269  

 

 

SEE ACCOMPANYING NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

9

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying (a) condensed balance sheet as of September 30, 2021, which has been derived from audited financial statements, and (b) unaudited interim condensed financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 have been prepared by Clearfield, Inc. (the “Company”) in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Pursuant to these rules and regulations, certain financial information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements have been condensed or omitted. However, in the opinion of management, the financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the interim periods presented. Operating results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year or for any other interim period, due to variability in customer purchasing patterns and seasonal, operating and other factors. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021.

 

In preparation of the Company’s financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. In November 2018, the FASB issued update ASU 2018-19 that clarifies the scope of the standard in the amendments in ASU 2016-13. This guidance introduces a new model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on an estimate of current expected credit losses. Financial instruments impacted include accounts receivable, trade receivables, other financial assets measured at amortized cost and other off-balance sheet credit exposures. The new guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2023, with early adoption permitted. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on its financial statements.

 

 

Note 2. Net Income Per Share

 

Basic net income per common share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the reporting period. Diluted EPS equals net income divided by the sum of the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus all additional common stock equivalents, such as stock options, when dilutive.

 

10

 
 

The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the net income per common share computations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

 

   

 

Three Months Ended March 31,
   

 

 

Six Months Ended March 31,
 

(In thousands, except for share data)

 

2022

    2021    

2022

   

2021

 

Net income

  $ 9,236     $ 3,640     $ 19,626     $ 6,803  

Weighted average common shares

    13,767,341       13,730,150       13,755,291       13,711,135  

Dilutive potential common shares

    135,495       49,629       144,889       26,956  

Weighted average dilutive common shares outstanding

    13,902,836       13,779,779       13,900,180       13,738,090  

Net income per common share:

                               

Basic

  $ 0.67     $ 0.27     $ 1.43     $ 0.50  

Diluted

  $ 0.66     $ 0.27     $ 1.41     $ 0.50  

 

 

Note 3. Investments

 

The Company invests in certificates of deposit (“CDs”) that are fully insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) as well as U.S. Treasury and money market securities.  Historically, the Company’s investment portfolio had been classified as held-to-maturity and recorded at amortized cost. During the second quarter of fiscal 2022, the Company sold investments and has reclassified its investment portfolio to available-for-sale, which is reported at fair value. The unrealized gain or loss on investment securities is recorded in other comprehensive income, net of tax. The proceeds from sales of investments during the six months ended March 31, 2022 was $14,365,000. The Company recorded within earnings for the six months ended March 31, 2022, gross realized gains on the sale of $92,000 partially offset by gross realized losses of $53,000. The specific identification method is used to determine the cost of the securities sold. The Company’s sale of investment securities was associated with its need to respond to significant unanticipated and unprecedented growth in its sales order backlog coupled with supply chain challenges to obtain the inventory necessary for fullfilment of these orders, as well as the reevaluation of the Company’s approach to use of available capital.

 

At March 31, 2022, available-for-sale investments consist of the following:

 

  

 

March 31, 2022
 

(In thousands)

 

Cost

  

Unrealized

Gains

  

Unrealized

Losses

  

Fair Value

 

Short-Term

                

Certificates of deposit

  743   -   4   739 

Investment securities – short-term

 $743  $-  $4  $739 

Long-Term

                

U.S treasury securities

 $16,157  $-  $694  $15,463 

Certificates of deposit

  13,219   19   253   12,985 

Investment securities – long-term

 $29,376  $19  $947  $28,448 

 

At March 31, 2022, investments in debt securities in an unrealized loss position were as follows:

 

  

 

In Unrealized Loss Position For Less Than 12 Months
  

 

In Unrealized Loss Position For Greater Than 12 Months
 

(In thousands)

 

Fair Value

  

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

  

Fair Value

  

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

March 31, 2022

                

U.S treasury securities

 $15,463  $694  $-  $- 

Certificates of deposit

  8,272   158   3,373   99 

Investment securities

 $23,735  $852  $3,373  $99 

 

As of March 31, 2022, there were 53 securities in an unrealized loss position which is due to the securities paying lower interest rates than the market. As of March 31, 2022, there are no securities which are other than temporarily impaired as the Company intends to hold these securities until their value recovers and there is negligible credit risk due to the nature of the securities which are backed by the FDIC and US federal government.

 

11

 
 

Note 4. Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company determines the fair value of its assets and liabilities based on the market price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company determines the fair value of U.S. treasury securities, and certificates of deposit based on valuations provided by an external pricing service, who obtains them from a variety of industry standard data providers.

 

The Company’s investments are categorized according to the three-level fair value hierarchy which distinguishes between observable and unobservable inputs, in one of the following levels:

 

Level 1- Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2- Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

Level 3- Unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the measurement of the fair value of the assets or liabilities. Level 3 assets and liabilities include those with fair value measurements that are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow valuation or similar techniques, as well as significant management judgment or estimation.

 

The following provides information regarding fair value measurements for our investment securities as of March 31, 2022 according to the three-level fair value hierarchy:

 

  

Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2022

 

(In thousands)

 

Total

  

Level 1

  

Level 2

  

Level 3

 

Investment securities:

                

U.S treasury securities

 $15,463  $-  $15,463  $- 

Certificates of deposit

  13,724   -   13,724   - 

Total Investments securities

 $29,187  $-  $29,187  $- 

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2022 and the year ended September 30, 2021, we owned no Level 3 securities and there were no transfers within the fair value level hierarchy.

 

Non-financial assets such as equipment and leasehold improvements, goodwill and intangible assets and right-of-use assets for operating leases are subject to non-recurring fair value measurements if they are deemed impaired. We had no re-measurements of non-financial assets to fair value in the three or six months ended March 31, 2022.

 

 

Note 5. Other Comprehensive Loss

 

Changes in components of other comprehensive loss and taxes related to items of other comprehensive income (loss) are as follows:

 

  Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 

(In thousands)

 

Before Tax

  

Tax Effect

  Net of Tax Amount 

Unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities

 $(932) $(207) $(725)
             

Other comprehensive loss

 $(932) $(207) $(725)

 

12

 

 

  Six Months Ended March 31, 2022 

(In thousands)

 

Before Tax

  

Tax Effect

  Net of Tax Amount 

Unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities

 $(932) $(207) $(725)
             

Other comprehensive loss

 $(932) $(207) $(725)

 

At March 31, 2022 components of accumulated other comprehensive loss is as follows:

 

(In thousands)

 

Available-for-Sale

Securities

  

Accumulated Other

Comprehensive Loss

 

Balances at September 30, 2021

 $-  $- 

Other comprehensive loss for the six months ended March 31, 2022

  (725)  (725)

Balances at March 31, 2022

 $(725) $(725)

 

 

Note 6. Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company recorded $570,000 and $1,010,000 of compensation expense related to current and past restricted stock grants, non-qualified stock options and the Company’s Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, $538,000 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $32,000 is included in cost of sales.  For the six months ended March 31, 2022, $947,000 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $63,000 is included in cost of sales. The Company recorded $334,000 and $623,000 of compensation expense related to current and past restricted stock grants, non-qualified stock options and the Company’s ESPP for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, $314,000 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $20,000 is included in cost of sales.  For the six months ended March 31, 2021, $595,000 of this expense is included in selling, general and administrative expense, and $28,000 is included in cost of sales. As of March 31, 2022, $4,694,000 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock awards and stock options is expected to be recognized over a period of approximately 2.6 years.

 

Stock Options

 

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the fair value of options granted. During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted employees non-qualified stock options to purchase an aggregate of 62,730 shares of common stock with a weighted average contractual term of five years, a weighted average three-year vesting term, and a weighted average exercise price of $66.48. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted employees non-qualified stock options to purchase an aggregate of 105,089 shares of common stock with a weighted average contractual term of five years, a weighted average three-year vesting term, and a weighted average exercise price of $23.74

 

The fair value of stock option awards during the six months ended March 31, 2022 was estimated as of the respective grant dates using the assumptions listed below:

 

   

Six months ended March 31, 2022

 

Dividend yield

    0 %

Expected volatility

    52.02 %

Risk-free interest rate

    0.87 %

Expected life (in years)

    3.5  

Vesting period (in years)

    3  

 

The expected stock price volatility is based on the historical volatility of the Company’s stock for a period approximating the expected life. The expected life represents the period of time that options are expected to be outstanding after their grant date. The risk-free interest rate reflects the interest rate as of the grant date on zero-coupon U.S. governmental bonds with a remaining life similar to the expected option term.

 

13

 

Options are granted at fair market values determined on the date of grant and vesting normally occurs over a three to five-year period. Shares issued upon exercise of a stock option are issued from the Company’s authorized but unissued shares.

 

The following is a summary of stock option activity during the six months ended March 31, 2022:

 

   

Number of options

   

Weighted average exercise price

 

Outstanding as of September 30, 2021

    301,514     $ 16.25  

Granted

    62,730       66.48  

Exercised

    (15,099 )     13.90  

Forfeited or Expired

    -       -  

Outstanding as of March 31, 2022

    349,145     $ 25.37  

 

The intrinsic value of an option is the amount by which the fair value of the underlying stock exceeds its exercise price. As of March 31, 2022, the weighted average remaining contractual term for all outstanding and exercisable stock options was 2.12 years and their aggregate intrinsic value was $7,482,000.

 

Restricted Stock

 

The Company’s 2007 Stock Compensation Plan permits its Compensation Committee to grant stock-based awards, including stock options and restricted stock, to key employees and non-employee directors. The Company has made restricted stock grants that vest over one to ten years.

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted newly elected non-employee directors restricted stock awards totaling 318 and 2,758 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately one year and a fair value of $62.77 and $63.35 per share, respectively. During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company granted non-employees restricted stock awards totaling 3,118 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately one year and a fair value of $64.11 per share. During the six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company also granted employees restricted stock awards totaling 23,318 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately three years and a fair value of $66.48 per share.

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted non-employee directors elected at the Company’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders restricted stock awards totaling 2,120 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately one year and a fair value of $32.41 per share. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company also granted employees restricted stock awards totaling 37,687 shares of common stock, with a vesting term of approximately three years and a fair value of $23.74 per share.

 

Restricted stock transactions during the six months ended March 31, 2022 are summarized as follows:

 

   

Number of shares

   

Weighted average grant

date fair value

 

Unvested shares as of September 30, 2021

    108,839     $ 17.14  

Granted

    29,512       65.90  

Vested

    (14,384 )     25.02  

Forfeited

    -       -  

Unvested as of March 31, 2022

    123,967     $ 27.83  

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

The Company’s ESPP allows participating employees to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock at a discount through payroll deductions. The ESPP is available to all employees subject to certain eligibility requirements. Terms of the ESPP provide those participating employees the ability to purchase the Company’s common stock on a voluntary after-tax basis. Employees may purchase the Company’s common stock at a price that is no less than the lower of 85% of the fair market value of one share of common stock at the beginning or end of each stock purchase period or phase. The ESPP is carried out in six-month phases, with phases beginning on January 1 and July 1 of each calendar year. For the phase that ended on December 31, 2021, employees purchased 7,678 shares at a price of $32.43 per share. After the employee purchase on December 31, 2021, 187,195 shares of common stock were available for future purchase under the ESPP.

 

14
 

 

 

Note 7. Revenue

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Net sales include products and shipping and handling charges. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for transferring products. All revenue is recognized when the Company satisfies its performance obligations under the contract. The Company recognizes revenue by transferring the promised products to the customer, with substantially all revenue recognized at the point in time the customer obtains control of the products. The Company recognizes revenue for shipping and handling charges at the time the products are delivered to or picked up by the customer. The majority of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation and are short term in nature. Sales taxes and value added taxes in foreign jurisdictions that are collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are accounted for on a net basis and therefore are excluded from net sales.

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

The Company allocates sales from external customers to geographic areas based on the location to which the product is transported. Sales outside the United States are principally to countries in the Caribbean, Canada, Central and South America.

 

Revenues related to the following geographic areas were as follows for the three and six months ended:

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

  

Six Months Ended March 31,

 

(In thousands)

 

2022

  

2021

  

2022

  

2021

 

United States

 $52,045  $27,744  $101,163  $53,776 

All other countries

  1,450   1,948   3,441   3,008 

Total Net Sales

 $53,495  $29,692  $104,604  $56,784 

 

The Company manufactures and sells a proprietary product line designed for the Broadband Service Provider marketplace. In addition, the Company’s Legacy business provides build-to-print services for original equipment manufacturers requiring copper and fiber cable assemblies built to their specification.

 

The percentages of our sales by markets were as follows for the three and six months ended:

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

  

Six Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2022

  

2021

  

2022

  

2021

 

Broadband service providers

  99%  97%  99%  98%

Legacy customers

  1%  3%  1%  2%

Total Net Sales

  100%  100%  100%  100%

 

Broadband Service Providers are made up of Community Broadband, which includes local and regional telecom companies, utilities, municipalities and alternative carriers, multiple system operators (“MSO’s, or Cable TV”), which are also referred to as Tier 2 and Tier 3 customers; National Carriers, which includes large national and global wireline and wireless providers also referred to as Tier 1’s; and International customers.

 

Accounts Receivable

 

Credit is extended based on the evaluation of a customer’s financial condition, and collateral is generally not required. Accounts that are outstanding longer than the contractual payment terms are considered past due. The Company writes off accounts receivable when they become uncollectible; payments subsequently received on such receivables are credited to the allowance for doubtful accounts. As of both March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021, the balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts was $79,000.

 

15

 

See Note 9, “Major Customer Concentration” for further information regarding accounts receivable and net sales.

 

 

Note 8. Inventories

 

Inventories consist of the following as of:

 

(In thousands)

 

March 31,

2022

   

September 30,

2021

 

Raw materials

  $ 47,961     $ 23,072  

Work-in-process

    4,727       2,482  

Finished goods

    9,907       3,361  

Inventories, gross

    62,595       28,915  

Inventory reserve

    (1,677 )     (1,391 )

Inventories, net

  $ 60,918     $ 27,524  

 

 

Note 9. Major Customer Concentration

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2022, Customers A, and B comprised 14% and 13% of the Company’s net sales, respectively. Customers A is a distributor and Customer B is a regional broadband service provider. For the six months ended March 31, 2022, Customers A, B, and C comprised 13%, 12% and 11% of the Company’s net sales, respectively. Customers A is a distributor and Customers B and C are regional broadband service providers. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, Customers A and D comprised 21% and 11% of the Company’s net sales, respectively. For the six months ended March 31, 2021, Customers A and D comprised 20% and 11% of the Company’s net sales, respectively. Both of these customers are distributors. These major customers, like our other customers, purchase our products from time to time through purchase orders, and the Company does not have any agreements that obligate these major customers to purchase products from us in the future.

 

As of March 31, 2022, Customer D comprised 11% of the Company’s accounts receivable. This customer is a distributor. As of September 30, 2021, Customers C was 17% of accounts receivable. Customer C is a regional broadband service provider.

 

 

Note 10. Goodwill and Intangibles

 

The Company analyzes its goodwill for impairment annually or at an interim period when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate potential impairment.  The result of the analysis performed as of September 30, 2021 did not indicate an impairment of goodwill.  During the six months ended March 31, 2022, there were no triggering events that indicate potential impairment exists.

 

The Company capitalizes legal costs incurred to obtain patents. Once accepted by either the U.S. Patent Office or the equivalent office of a foreign country, these legal costs are amortized using the straight-line method over the remaining estimated lives, not exceeding 20 years. As of March 31, 2022, the Company has 31 patents granted and multiple pending applications both inside and outside the United States.

 

In addition, the Company has various finite lived intangible assets, most of which were acquired as a result of the acquisition of the active cabinet product line from Calix, Inc. during fiscal year 2018. The Company analyzes its intangible assets for impairment annually or at interim periods when events occur or changes in circumstances indicate potential impairment. The result of the analysis performed as of September 30, 2021 did not indicate an impairment of our intangible assets. During the six months ended March 31, 2022, there were no triggering events that indicate potential impairment exists.

 

 

Note 11. Income Taxes

 

For the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, the Company recorded income tax expense of $2,816,000 and $5,596,000, reflecting an effective tax rate of 23.4% and 22.2%, respectively. The difference between the effective tax rate and the statutory tax rate for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 was primarily related to excess tax benefits from restricted stock vesting during the period, Section 162(m) compensation deduction limitations, other nondeductible expenses, foreign derived intangibles income deduction (FDII), and research and development credits. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded income tax expense of $935,000 and $1,619,000, reflecting an effective tax rate of 20.4% and 19.2%, respectively. The differences between the effective tax rate and the statutory tax rate were primarily related to excess tax benefits from non-qualified stock options exercised during the quarter, research and development credits, and foreign derived intangibles income deduction (FDII).

 

16

 

Deferred taxes recognize the impact of temporary differences between the amounts of the assets and liabilities recorded for financial statement purposes and these amounts measured in accordance with tax laws. The Company’s realization of deferred tax temporary differences is contingent upon future taxable earnings. The Company reviewed its deferred tax asset for expected utilization using a “more likely than not” criteria by assessing the available positive and negative factors surrounding its recoverability and determined that as of March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021 a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets is not required. The Company will continue to assess the need for a valuation allowance based on changes in assumptions of estimated future income and other factors in future periods.

 

As of March 31, 2022, the Company does not have any unrecognized tax benefits. It is the Company’s practice to recognize interest and penalties accrued on any unrecognized tax benefits as a component of income tax expense. The Company does not expect any material changes in its unrecognized tax positions over the next 12 months.

 

 

Note 12. Leases

 

The Company leases an 85,000 square foot facility at 7050 Winnetka Avenue North, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota consisting of corporate offices, manufacturing and warehouse space. The lease term is ten years and two months, ending on February 28, 2025 and is renewable. The renewal options have not been included within the lease term because it is not reasonably certain that the Company will exercise either option.

 

The Company previously leased a 46,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Tijuana, Mexico. The Company and landlord agreed to end the lease early on January 31, 2022. The Company also leased a 52,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Tijuana, Mexico. On October 28, 2021, the Company and landlord agreed to end the lease early on February 28, 2022 which included a lease termination fee of $92,000.

 

In July 2021, the Company entered into an indirect lease arrangement for an approximately 318,000 square foot manufacturing facility in Tijuana, Mexico. The lease term is for 7 years of which 5 years are mandatory, commencing March 2022. The lease contains written options to renew for two additional consecutive periods of 5 years each. The Company has transitioned its manufacturing operations from the above noted Tijuana, Mexico manufacturing facilities into the newly leased facility with the lease commencing in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. The lease calls for monthly rental payments of $162,000, increasing 2% annually. The renewal options have not been included within the lease term because it is not reasonably certain that the Company will exercise either option.

 

On November 19, 2021, the Company signed a lease for a 105,000 square foot warehouse in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota. The lease term is five years commencing March 2022 and ending on February 28, 2027, with rent payments increasing annually. The lease includes an option to extend the lease for an additional five years. The renewal option has not been included within the lease term because it is not reasonably certain that the Company will exercise the option. The lease commenced in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.

 

          Right-of-use lease assets and lease liabilities are recognized as of the commencement date based on the present value of the remaining lease payments over the lease term which includes renewal periods the Company is reasonably certain to exercise. The Company’s leases do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

 

17

 
 

Operating lease expense included within cost of goods sold and selling, general and administrative expense was as follows for the three and six months ended:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

   

Six Months Ended March 31,

 

Operating lease expense within:

(in thousands)

 

2022

   

2021

   

2022

   

2021

 

Cost of sales

  $ 439     $ 252     $ 724     $ 505  

Selling, general and administrative

    57       55       112       111  

Total lease expense

  $ 496     $ 307     $ 836     $ 616  

 

Future maturities of lease liabilities were as follows as of March 31, 2022 (in thousands):

 

FY2022 (Remaining)

  $ 1,395  

FY2023

    3,158  

FY2024

    3,233  

FY2025

    2,997  

FY2026

    2,844  

Thereafter

    1,196  

Total lease payments

    14,823  

Less: Interest

    (871 )

Present value of lease liabilities

  $ 13,952  

 

The weighted average term and weighted average discount rate for the Company’s leases as of March 31, 2022 were 4.71 years and 3.05%, respectively, compared to 3.33 years and 3.40%, respectively, as of March 31, 2021. For the three and six months ended March 31, 2022, the operating cash outflows from the Company’s leases was $238,000 and $550,000, compared to $240,000 and $480,000 for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021.

 

 

Note 13. Subsequent Events

 

On April 27, 2022, the Company entered into a loan agreement and a security agreement with Bremer Bank, National Association, that provides the Company with a $40 million revolving line of credit that is secured by certain of the Company’s U.S. assets. The line of credit matures on April 27, 2025 and borrowed amounts will bear interest at a variable rate of the CME Group one-month term Secured Overnight Financiing Rate (“SOFR”) plus 1.85%, but not less than 1.80% per annum.  As of April 27, 2022, the initial interest rate is 2.50%.

 

The loan agreement and the security agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants and requirements relating to the Company and its operations, including a requirement that the Company maintain a debt service coverage ratio of not less than 1.20 to 1 as of the end of each fiscal year for the fiscal year then ended and maintain a debt to cash flow ratio of not greater than 2 to 1 measured as of the end of each of the Company’s fiscal quarters for the trailing twelve (12) month period.

 

Debt service coverage ratio is the ratio of Cash Available for Debt Service to Debt Service, each as defined in the loan agreement. Debt and Cash Flow are also as defined in the loan agreement for the purposes of the debt to cash flow ratio covenant.

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENTS DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements relate to future events and typically address the Companys expected future business and financial performance. Words such as “plan, expect, aim, believe, project, target, anticipate, intend, estimate, will, should, could and other words and terms of similar meaning, typically identify these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events and trends that are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ from those projected in any forward-looking statements because of the factors identified in and incorporated by reference from Part I, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021 and Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as in other filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which should be considered an integral part of Part I, Item 2, Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. All forward-looking statements included herein are made as the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and we assume no obligation to update the forward-looking statements or to update the reasons why actual results could differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

 

18

 

The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations as of and for the three and six months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes in Item 1 of this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021.

 

OVERVIEW

 

General

 

Clearfield, Inc. (“Clearfield” or the “Company”) designs, manufactures, and distributes fiber optic management, protection and delivery products for communications networks. Our “fiber to the anywhere” platform serves the unique requirements of leading Broadband Service Providers in the United States (“U.S.”), which include Community Broadband, MSO’s, and National Carriers, while also serving the broadband needs of the International markets, primarily countries in the Caribbean, Canada, and Central and South America. These customers are collectively included in Broadband Service Providers. The Company also provides contract manufacturing services for its Legacy customers which include original equipment manufacturers (OEM) requiring copper and fiber cable assemblies built to their specifications.  

 

The Company has historically focused on the unserved or underserved rural communities that receive voice, video and data services from independent telephone companies. By aligning its in-house engineering and technical knowledge alongside its customers, the Company has been able to develop, customize and enhance products from design through production. Final build and assembly of the Company’s products is completed at Clearfield’s manufacturing facilities in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, and Tijuana, Mexico, with manufacturing support from a network of domestic and global manufacturing partners. Clearfield specializes in producing these products on both a quick-turn and scheduled delivery basis. The Company deploys a hybrid sales model with some sales made directly to customers, some made through two-tier distribution (channel) partners, sales agents and manufacturing representatives, and sales through original equipment suppliers who private label their products.

 

Under U.S. federal and state guidance in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Clearfield’s operations are classified as part of the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (“CISA”) critical infrastructure sector and similar categorization in Minnesota. In March 2020, we transitioned our corporate employees at our Brooklyn Park headquarters to remote work arrangements and they currently continue primarily working remote. In accordance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) and World Health Organization (“WHO”) guidelines, we implemented and have continued health and safety measures for the production staff that remain onsite at our Brooklyn Park facility. We have maintained our manufacturing capacity in Brooklyn Park with these personnel at near historic levels. Similarly, we have implemented the recommended health and safety measures for the production staff that remains onsite at our Tijuana, Mexico manufacturing facilities. Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company has closely monitored the operations and staffing levels at its Brooklyn Park facility and its manufacturing operations in Tijuana, Mexico.

 

Due to the risks to timely supply of materials to our facilities, we have taken multiple actions to ensure sufficient safety stock inventory levels at both our Minnesota and Mexico facilities. Additionally, we made the decision to maximize the availability of all product lines at all of our plants by assuring that each location can manufacture across our broad product portfolio. These actions, combined with our historic practice of dual sourcing most of our components, has positioned us to meet our obligations to customers and to fulfill our sales order backlog. However, in the event of serious border restrictions or border delays, continuing or worsening component material shortages, supply chain transportation delays, or other serious disruption in our supply chain, we may experience diminished or temporarily suspended operations, longer lead times than typical for product deliveries, or temporarily suspended product deliveries, which would result in delayed or reduced revenue from the affected orders in production and higher operating costs. In addition, due to the unprecedented lead-times and challenges in the global supply chain, we are working with our customers to place longer lead-time purchase orders to ensure availability of components and materials from our supply chain. Based on current supply chain dynamics, lead times have stretched to 8 to 12 weeks or longer for certain product categories. The Company is working to manage lead times to more historic levels from receipt of purchase order. As part of our forward-looking capacity planning in order to meet the significant demand for our products, we’ve expanded our operations with two new facilities which came online in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. Our new manufacturing center in Mexico provides us with 318,000 square feet of capacity, and our new distribution center in Minnesota adds 105,000 square feet.

 

19

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 VS. THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021

 

Net sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2022 ended March 31, 2022 were $53,495,000, an increase of approximately 80% or $23,802,000, from net sales of $29,692,000 for the second quarter of fiscal 2021.  Net sales to Broadband Service Providers were $52,832,000 in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 versus $28,934,000 in the same period of fiscal 2021.  Among this group, the Company recorded $1,450,000 in international sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2022 versus $1,948,000 in the same period of fiscal 2021.  Net sales to Legacy customers were $662,000 in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 versus $758,000 in the same period of fiscal 2021.  The Company allocates sales from external customers to geographic areas based on the location to which the product is transported.  Accordingly, international sales represented 3% and 7% of total net sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2022 and 2021, respectively.

 

The increase in net sales for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 of $23,802,000 compared to the quarter ended March 31, 2021 was driven primarily by increased sales to Community Broadband Service Providers, and MSO customers of $19,306,000, and $3,335,000, respectively. The increase in sales to these customers was due to continuing increased demand for fiber connectivity products in response to COVID-19 driven by customers accelerating their purchasing decisions and deployment schedules of our fiber optic solutions and the need for high-speed broadband required in the work from anywhere environment.

 

Revenue from customers is obtained from purchase orders submitted from time to time, with a limited number of customers recently issuing purchase orders for longer time frames. The Company’s ability to predict orders in future periods or trends affecting orders in future periods is limited. The Company’s ability to predict revenue is further limited by global supply chain issues and customer deployment schedules. The Company’s ability to recognize revenue in the future for customer orders will depend on the Company’s ability to manufacture and deliver products to the customers and fulfill its other contractual obligations.

 

Cost of sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2022 was $30,331,000, an increase of $13,581,000, or 81%, from $16,750,000 in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. Gross profit percent was 43.3% of net sales in the second quarter of fiscal 2022, a decrease from 43.6% of net sales for the second quarter of fiscal 2021. Gross profit increased $10,222,000 or 79%, to $23,164,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $12,942,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2021. The gross profit margin for the quarter remained relatively unchanged from the prior year quarter.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $2,743,000 or 32%, to $11,233,000 in the second quarter fiscal 2022 from $8,490,000 for the fiscal 2021 second quarter. The increase in expense in the second quarter of fiscal 2022 consists primarily of increases of $1,375,000 in compensation expense due to additional headcount and increased wages and performance compensation accruals driven by higher net sales, increased professional fees of $502,000, increased travel and entertainment expenses of $228,000 due to reduced COVID-19 travel restrictions, increased stock compensation expense of $224,000 and a recovery of $210,000 related to a bad debt recovery in the prior year.

 

Income from operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 was $11,931,000 compared to $4,451,000 for the comparable quarter of fiscal 2021, an increase of approximately 168%. This increase is attributable to increased gross profit driven by higher sales to the Company’s Community Broadband, and MSO customers, offset by higher selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

20

 

Net investment income for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 was $121,000 compared to $123,000 for the comparable quarter for fiscal 2021. Net investment income for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 is comprised of $82,000 of interest income and $39,000 net realized gains on sales of investments during the quarter. The decrease in interest income is due to lower interest rates earned on investments in the second quarter of fiscal 2022. We expect interest income to decline due to the lower interest rates remaining in the Company’s investment portfolio.

 

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $2,816,000 and $935,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. We record our quarterly provision for income taxes based on our estimated annual effective tax rate for the year. The increase in tax expense of $1,881,000 from the second quarter for fiscal 2021 is primarily due to increased income from operations. The income tax expense rate for the second quarter of fiscal 2022 increased to 23.4%, from 20.4% recorded in the second quarter of fiscal 2021, due to increased taxable income.

 

The Company’s net income for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $9,236,000, or $0.67 per basic share or $0.66 per diluted share. The Company’s net income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $3,640,000, or $0.27 per basic and diluted share. The increase in basic and diluted earnings per share for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to March 31, 2021 was due to higher net income.

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2022 VS. SIX MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2021

 

Net sales for the six months ended March 31, 2022 were $104,604,000, an increase of approximately 84% or $47,819,000, from net sales of $56,784,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2021.  Net sales to Broadband Service Providers were $103,238,000 in the six months ended March 31, 2022 versus $55,507,000 in the same period of fiscal 2021.  Among this group, the Company recorded $3,441,000 in international sales for the six months ended March 31, 2022 versus $3,008,000 in the same period of fiscal 2021.  Net sales to Legacy customers were $1,365,000 in the six months ended March 31, 2022 versus $1,277,000 in the same period of fiscal 2021.  The Company allocates sales from external customers to geographic areas based on the location to which the product is transported.  Accordingly, international sales represented 3% and 5% of total net sales for the six months ended 2022 and 2021.

 

The increase in net sales for the six months ended March 31, 2022 of $47,819,000 compared to the six months ended March 31, 2021 was driven primarily by increased sales to Community Broadband Service Providers, and MSO customers of $75,695,000, and $16,496,000, respectively. The increase to Community Broadband, and MSO customers was due to continuing increased demand for fiber connectivity products in response to COVID-19 driven by customers accelerating their purchasing decisions and deployment schedules of our fiber optic solutions and the need for high-speed broadband required in the work from anywhere environment.

 

Revenue from customers is obtained from purchase orders submitted from time to time, with a limited number of customers recently issuing purchase orders for longer time frames. The Company’s ability to predict orders in future periods or trends affecting orders in future periods is limited. The Company’s ability to predict revenue is further limited by global supply chain issues. The Company’s ability to recognize revenue in the future for customer orders will depend on the Company’s ability to manufacture and deliver products to the customers and fulfill its other contractual obligations.

 

Cost of sales for the six months ended 2022 was $58,468,000, an increase of $25,995,000, or 80%, from $32,473,000 in the comparable period of fiscal 2021. Gross profit percent was 44.1% of net sales for the six months ended March 31, 2022, an increase from 42.8% of net sales for the six months ended March 31, 2021. Gross profit increased $21,825,000 or 90%, to $46,135,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2022 from $24,311,000 in the comparable period in fiscal 2021. The increase in gross profit margin was primarily due to a favorable product mix associated with higher net sales in the Company’s Community Broadband market, as well as improved manufacturing efficiencies realized with higher sales volumes, offset by higher freight and transportation costs.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $5,009,000 or 31%, to $21,155,000 in the second quarter fiscal 2022 from $16,146,000 for the comparable period of fiscal 2021. The increase in expense in the six months ended March 31, 2022 consists primarily of increases of $2,989,000 in compensation expense due to additional headcount and increased wages and performance compensation accruals driven by higher net sales, increased professional fees of $543,000, increased travel and entertainment expenses of $399,000 due to reduced COVID-19 travel restrictions, increased stock compensation expense of $352,000 and a recovery of $210,000 related to a bad debt recovery in the prior year.

 

21

 

Income from operations for six months ended March 31, 2022 was $24,981,000 compared to $8,165,000 for the comparable quarter of fiscal 2021, an increase of approximately 206%. This increase is attributable to increased gross profit driven by higher sales to the Company’s Community Broadband, and MSO customers, offset by higher selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Net investment income for the six months ended March 31, 2022 was $241,000 compared to $257,000 for the comparable quarter for fiscal 2021. Net investment income for the six months ended March 31, 2022 is comprised of $202,000 of interest income and $39,000 net realized gains on sales of investments. The decrease in interest income is due to lower interest rates earned on investments in the six months ended March 31, 2022. We expect interest income to decline due to the lower interest rates remaining in the Company’s investment portfolio.

 

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $5,596,000 and $1,619,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. We record our quarterly provision for income taxes based on our estimated annual effective tax rate for the year. The increase in tax expense of $3,977,000 from the six months ended March 31, 2021 is primarily due to increased income from operations. The income tax expense rate for the six months ended March 31, 2022 increased to 22.2%, from 19.2% recorded in the comparable period of fiscal 2021, due to increased taxable income.

 

The Company’s net income for the six months ended March 31, 2022 was $19,626,000, or $1.43 per basic share or $1.41 per diluted share. The Company’s net income for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $6,803,000, or $0.50 per basic and diluted share. The increase in basic and diluted earnings per share for the six months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to March 31, 2021 was due to higher net income.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

As of March 31, 2022, our principal source of liquidity was our cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments. Those sources total $14,662,000 as of March 31, 2022 compared to $23,590,000 as of September 30, 2021. Our excess cash is invested mainly in certificates of deposit backed by the FDIC, U.S. Treasury securities and money market accounts. Investments considered long-term were $28,448,000 as of March 31, 2022, compared to $36,913,000 as of September 30, 2021. We believe the combined balances of short-term cash and investments along with long-term investments provide a more accurate indication of our available liquidity. At the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2022, our cash, cash equivalents and short-term and long-term investments decreased to $43.1 million compared to $58.2 million as of the prior quarter end. We had no long-term debt obligations as of March 31, 2022 or September 30, 2021.

 

Subsequent to the end of the quarter, we secured a $40 million revolving line of credit from Bremer Bank, National Association that may also be a source of future liquidity. See Note 13, Subsequent Events.

 

We believe our existing cash equivalents, short-term investments, and line of credit facility along with cash flow from operations, will be sufficient to meet our working capital and investment requirements for beyond the next 12 months. The Company intends on utilizing its available cash and assets primarily for its continued organic growth including expanding production capacity and facilities as well as inventory growth to meet customer demand, and potential future strategic transactions, the Company’s share repurchase program, as well as to mitigate the potential impacts on the Company’s business due to COVID-19 or supply chain, logistics, and customer fulfillment risks.

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash used by operating activities totaled $11,282,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2022. This was primarily due to net income of $19,626,000, non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $1,362,000, and stock-based compensation of $1,010,000 in addition to changes in operating assets and liabilities providing and using cash. The primary change in operating assets and liabilities using cash was an increase in inventory of $33,393,000, and increases in accounts receivable of $2,398,000, partially offset by increases in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $3,344,000. The Company increased stocking levels of inventory during the quarter ending March 31, 2022 to support the Company’s increased sales order backlog, as well as provide for safety stock for anticipated demand considering current long lead times for components and transportation within the global supply chain. We expect to maintain higher than historic stocking levels through fiscal year 2022. The increase in accounts receivable is due to increased sales in the most recent quarter as well as timing of payments from customers. Accounts receivable balances can be influenced by the timing of shipments for customer projects and payment terms. Days sales outstanding, which measures how quickly receivables are collected, decreased 3 days to 37 days from September 30, 2021 to March 31, 2022. The increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses is due to the timing of payments to vendors and inventory growth.

 

22

 

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $6,699,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2021. This was primarily due to net income of $6,803,000, non-cash expenses for depreciation and amortization of $1,139,000, and stock-based compensation of $623,000 in addition to changes in operating assets and liabilities providing cash. The primary changes in operating assets and liabilities using cash include an increase in accounts receivable of $2,908,000, offset by increases in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $1,240,000. The increase in accounts receivable is due to increased sales during the most recent quarter and the timing of payments from customers. Accounts receivable balances can be influenced by the timing of shipments for customer projects and payment terms. Days sales outstanding, which measures how quickly receivables are collected, increased five days to 40 days from September 30, 2020 to March 31, 2021. The increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses is due to the timing of payments to vendors in the quarter and $2,373,000 of fiscal 2020 accrued bonus compensation accruals paid in the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

 

Investing Activities

 

We invest our excess cash in money market accounts, U.S. Treasury securities and bank CDs in denominations across numerous banks. We believe we obtain a competitive rate of return given the economic climate along with the security provided by the FDIC on these investments. During the six months ended March 31, 2022, we received $17,386,000 on sales and maturities of investment securities and used cash to purchase $248,000 of investment securities. Purchases of property, plant and equipment, mainly related to manufacturing equipment and intangible assets, consumed $4,842,000 of cash during the six months ended March 31, 2022.

 

During the six months ended March 31, 2021, we used cash to purchase $6,448,000 of investment securities and received $6,651,000 on investment securities that matured. Purchases of property, plant and equipment, mainly related to manufacturing equipment, consumed $682,000 of cash during the six months ended March 31, 2021.

 

Financing Activities

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2022, we received $249,000 from employees’ participation and purchase of stock through our ESPP, we used $281,000 related to share withholding for exercise and taxes associated with the issuance of common stock upon cashless exercise of stock options and used $274,000 to pay for taxes as a result of employees’ vesting of restricted shares using share withholding. We did not repurchase common stock under our share repurchase program in the six months ended March 31, 2022.

 

For the six months ended March 31, 2021, we received $179,000 from employees’ participation and purchase of stock through our ESPP, we used $456,000 related to share withholding for taxes associated with the issuance of common stock upon cashless exercise of stock options and used $54,000 to pay for taxes as a result of employees’ vesting of restricted shares using share withholding. We did not repurchase common stock under our share repurchase program in the six months ended March 31, 2021.

 

As of March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, we had the authority to purchase approximately $14,981,000 and $4,981,000, respectively, in additional shares under the repurchase program announced on November 13, 2014 that was subsequently increased on April 25, 2017. Effective January 27, 2022, the Company reinstated its stock repurchase program that had been suspended due to COVID uncertainty in April 2020. In addition, effective January 27, 2022, the Company’s board of directors increased the share repurchase program by an additional $10 million to an aggregate of $22 million, from the previous $12 million.

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES

 

Management utilizes its technical knowledge, cumulative business experience, judgment and other factors in the selection and application of the Company’s accounting estimates. The accounting estimates considered by management to be the most critical to the presentation of the financial statements because they require the most difficult, subjective and complex judgments include the fair value of investments, stock-based compensation, and valuation of inventory, long-lived assets, finite lived intangible assets and goodwill.

 

23

 

These accounting estimates are described in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021. Management made no changes to the Company’s critical accounting estimates during the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

 

In applying its critical accounting estimates, management reassesses its estimates each reporting period based on available information. Changes in these estimates did not have a significant impact on earnings for the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The Company’s management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of March 31, 2022. Based upon that evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes to the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2022 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

There are no pending legal proceedings against or involving the Company for which the outcome is likely to have a material adverse effect upon its financial position or results of operations.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

The most significant risk factors applicable to the Company are described in Part II, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2021. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K except for the following:

 

Adverse global economic conditions and geopolitical issues could have a negative effect on our business, and results of operations and financial condition.

 

24

 

Our business, including global supply chain is affected by global economic conditions and geopolitical issues. Geopolitical issues, such as the Russia invasion of Ukraine and related economic sanctions and tensions between Russia and NATO countries, has resulted in increasing global tensions, rising fuel costs and creates uncertainty for our global supply chain. Sustained or worsening of global economic conditions and geopolitical issues may disrupt or increase our cost of doing business and otherwise disrupt and delay our supply chain operations. These factors could negatively affect the cost and supply of components needed for our products, our ability to ship products to customers and ultimately impact our business, financial condition and result of operations.

 

Our planned growth may strain our business infrastructure, which could adversely affect our operations and financial condition.

 

Net sales for fiscal year 2021 increased 51% as compared to net sales in fiscal year 2020.  In fiscal year 2022, we have experienced and expect to experience additional significant net sales growth as compared to fiscal year 2021. As we grow, we will face the risk that our existing resources and systems, including management resources, enterprise technology and operating systems, may be inadequate to support our growth. We cannot assure you that we will be able to retain the personnel or make the changes in our systems that may be required to support our growth. Failure to secure these resources and implement these systems on a timely basis could have a material adverse effect on our operating results. In addition, hiring additional personnel and implementing changes and enhancements to our systems will require capital expenditures and other increased costs that could also have a material adverse impact on our operating results.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

The Company repurchased no shares of stock associated with exercise and satisfaction of employee tax withholding requirements on vesting or exercise of equity awards under the Company’s 2007 Stock Compensation Plan for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Accordingly, the Company’s purchases of equity securities for the three months ended March 31, 2022 were as follows:

 

ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

 

Period

 

Total
Number
of Shares
Purchased

   

Average
Price Paid
per Share

   

Total Number of
Shares
Purchased as Part
of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs

   

Approximate Dollar Value
of Shares that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Program (1)

 

January 1-31, 2021

    -       -       -     $ 14,980,671  

February 1-28, 2021

    -       -       -       14,980,671  

March 1-31, 2021

    -       -       -       14,980,671  

Total

    -       -       -     $ 14,980,671  

 

(1) Effective January 27, 2022, the Company reinstated its stock repurchase program that had been suspended due to COVID uncertainty in April 2020 and the Company’s board of directors increased the share repurchase program by an additional $10 millionas reflected above.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Not applicable.

 

25

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit 31.1* – Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Exhibit 31.2 *– Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Exhibit 32.1 **– Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350

 

101*–The following materials from Clearfield, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2022 are formatted in iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Balance Sheets at March 31, 2022 and September 30, 2021; (ii) Condensed Statements of Earnings for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021; (iii) Condensed Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021; (iv) Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021; and (v) Notes to the Condensed Financial Statements.

 

104* - Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted in Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

CLEARFIELD, INC.

 

 

May 4, 2022

 

 /s/ Cheryl Beranek

   

By: Cheryl Beranek

    Its: President and Chief Executive Officer
   

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

May 4, 2022

 

/s/ Daniel Herzog

   

By: Daniel Herzog

    Its: Chief Financial Officer
   

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

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