Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Clorox
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$155.28 128 $19,900
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-K 2018-06-30 Annual: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-K 2017-06-30 Annual: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-K 2016-06-30 Annual: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2015-12-31 Quarter: 2015-12-31
8-K 2019-02-04 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-04 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-14 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-10-31 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-02 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-23 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-23 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-07 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-02 M&A
8-K 2018-03-28 Officers
8-K 2018-03-12 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-17 Officers, Exhibits
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CLX 2018-12-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3. Business Acquired
Note 4. Inventories, Net
Note 5. Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
Note 6. Income Taxes
Note 7. Net Earnings per Share (Eps)
Note 8. Comprehensive Income
Note 9. Employee Benefit Plans
Note 10. Other Contingencies and Guarantees
Note 11. Segment Results
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1.A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 clxq2fy19exhibit311.htm
EX-31.2 clxq2fy19exhibit312.htm
EX-32 clxq2fy19exhibit32.htm

Clorox Earnings 2018-12-31

CLX 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 clxq2fy1910q.htm 10-Q Document



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
     
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2018.
 
 
 
 
 
OR
 
 
 
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                to
Commission File Number: 1-07151
_________________________
THE CLOROX COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Delaware
31-0595760
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
1221 Broadway
 
Oakland, California
94612-1888
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
(510) 271-7000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
_________________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨
Smaller Reporting Company ¨
Emerging Growth Company ¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No þ
 
As of January 18, 2019, there were 128,164,289 shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock ($1.00 par value).
 




PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
The Clorox Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Comprehensive Income (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Net sales
 
$
1,473

 
$
1,416

 
$
3,036

 
$
2,916

Cost of products sold
 
 
830

 
 
807

 
 
1,715

 
 
1,634

Gross profit
 
 
643

 
 
609

 
 
1,321

 
 
1,282

Selling and administrative expenses
 
 
211

 
 
197

 
 
423

 
 
401

Advertising costs
 
 
145

 
 
140

 
 
284

 
 
274

Research and development costs
 
 
32

 
 
31

 
 
64

 
 
63

Interest expense
 
 
24

 
 
20

 
 
48

 
 
41

Other (income) expense, net
 
 
7

 
 
(6
)
 
 
10

 
 
(3
)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
 
 
224

 
 
227

 
 
492

 
 
506

Income taxes on continuing operations
 
 
42

 
 
(6
)
 
 
100

 
 
81

Earnings from continuing operations
 
 
182

 
 
233

 
 
392

 
 
425

Earnings (losses) from discontinued operations, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net earnings
 
$
182

 
$
233

 
$
392

 
$
425

Net earnings (losses) per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
1.42

 
$
1.81

 
$
3.07

 
$
3.29

Discontinued operations
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic net earnings per share
 
$
1.42

 
$
1.81

 
$
3.07

 
$
3.29

Diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
 
$
1.40

 
$
1.77

 
$
3.02

 
$
3.23

Discontinued operations
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Diluted net earnings per share
 
$
1.40

 
$
1.77

 
$
3.02

 
$
3.23

Weighted average shares outstanding (in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
 
128,068

 
 
129,359

 
 
127,955

 
 
129,189

Diluted
 
 
130,094

 
 
131,655

 
 
130,107

 
 
131,559

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
152

 
$
233

 
$
362

 
$
444












See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

2



The Clorox Company
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
 
12/31/2018
 
6/30/2018
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
162

 
$
131

Receivables, net
 
528

 
 
600

Inventories, net
 
578

 
 
506

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
97

 
 
74

Total current assets
 
1,365

 
 
1,311

Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation
and amortization of $2,109 and $2,061, respectively
 
992

 
 
996

Goodwill
 
1,586

 
 
1,602

Trademarks, net
 
792

 
 
795

Other intangible assets, net
 
127

 
 
134

Other assets
 
211

 
 
222

Total assets
$
5,073

 
$
5,060

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Notes and loans payable
$
235

 
$
199

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
951

 
 
1,001

Total current liabilities
 
1,186

 
 
1,200

Long-term debt
 
2,285

 
 
2,284

Other liabilities
 
789

 
 
778

Deferred income taxes
 
71

 
 
72

Total liabilities
 
4,331

 
 
4,334

Commitments and contingencies
 


 
 


Stockholders’ equity
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock: $1.00 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized; none
issued or outstanding
 

 
 

Common stock: $1.00 par value; 750,000,000 shares authorized; 158,741,461 shares
issued as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018; and 128,090,404 and 127,982,767 shares outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, respectively
 
159

 
 
159

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,014

 
 
975

Retained earnings
 
2,940

 
 
2,797

Treasury shares, at cost: 30,651,057 and 30,758,694 shares
as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, respectively
 
(2,794
)
 
 
(2,658
)
Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income
 
(577
)
 
 
(547
)
Stockholders’ equity
 
742

 
 
726

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
5,073

 
$
5,060




See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3



The Clorox Company
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
 
 
 
 
(As Adjusted*)
Operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
392

 
$
425

Deduct: Losses from discontinued operations, net of tax
 

 
 

Earnings from continuing operations
 
392

 
 
425

Adjustments to reconcile earnings from continuing operations to net cash
provided by continuing operations:
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
88

 
 
81

Stock-based compensation
 
18

 
 
23

Deferred income taxes
 
2

 
 
(37
)
Other
 
25

 
 
30

Changes in:
 
 
 
 
 
Receivables, net
 
68

 
 
31

Inventories, net
 
(74
)
 
 
(40
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
(15
)
 
 
(5
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
(43
)
 
 
(113
)
Income taxes payable
 
(12
)
 
 
(71
)
Net cash provided by continuing operations
 
449

 
 
324

Net cash provided by discontinued operations
 

 
 

Net cash provided by operations
 
449

 
 
324

Investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(86
)
 
 
(89
)
Other
 
9

 
 
15

Net cash used for investing activities
 
(77
)
 
 
(74
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
Notes and loans payable, net
 
33

 
 
88

Long-term debt borrowings, net of issuance costs
 

 
 
396

Long-term debt repayments
 

 
 
(400
)
Treasury stock purchased
 
(243
)
 
 
(70
)
Cash dividends paid
 
(245
)
 
 
(217
)
Issuance of common stock for employee stock plans and other
 
117

 
 
26

Net cash used for financing activities
 
(338
)
 
 
(177
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
 
(3
)
 
 

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
 
31

 
 
73

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash:
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning of period
 
134

 
 
419

End of period
$
165

 
$
492


*Adjusted to reflect the retrospective adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-18, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash,” effective July 1, 2018. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and June 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company had $3, $3, $3 and $2 of restricted cash, respectively, and the restricted cash was included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

4



The Clorox Company
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except share and per share data)

NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows of The Clorox Company and its subsidiaries (the Company) for the periods presented. However, the financial results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full fiscal year or for any other future period.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (U.S. GAAP) have been omitted or condensed pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain prior year reclassifications were made in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows to conform to the current year presentation. The information in this report should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, which includes a complete set of footnote disclosures, including the Company’s significant accounting policies.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of the contracts with customers are satisfied. The Company's performance obligation generally consists of the promise to sell finished products to wholesalers, distributors, retailers or consumers. Control of finished products are transferred upon shipment to, or receipt at, customers' locations, as determined by the specific terms of the contract. Once control is transferred to the customer, the Company has completed its performance obligation, and revenue is recognized. After completion of the performance obligation, there is an unconditional right to consideration as outlined in the contract. A right is unconditional if nothing other than the passage of time is required before payment of that consideration is due. The Company typically collects its customer receivables within two months. All performance obligations under the terms of contracts with customers have an original duration of one year or less.

The Company routinely commits to one-time or ongoing trade-promotion programs with customers and consumer coupon programs that require the Company to estimate and accrue the expected costs of such programs, which include shelf price reductions, end-of-aisle or in-store displays of the Company’s products and graphics and other trade-promotion activities conducted by the customer. The costs of such activities, defined as variable consideration under Topic 606 of the Accounting Standards Codification, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers," are netted against sales and recorded when the related sale takes place. The accruals for trade promotion programs and consumer coupon liabilities are established based on the Company’s best estimate of the amounts necessary to settle future and existing obligations for products sold as of the balance sheet date. The Company uses forecasted appropriations, historical trend analysis, and customer and sales organization inputs in determining the accruals for promotional activities, and uses historical trend experience and coupon redemption estimates for the coupon accrual requirements.

The Company provides an allowance for doubtful accounts based on its historical experience and ongoing assessment of its customers’ credit risk and aging. Receivables are presented net of the allowance for doubtful accounts.


Foreign Currency Transactions and Translation

Effective July 1, 2018, under the requirements of U.S. GAAP, Argentina was designated as a highly inflationary economy, since it has experienced cumulative inflation of approximately 100 percent or more over a three-year period. As a result, beginning July 1, 2018, the U.S. dollar replaced the Argentine peso as the functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries in Argentina (collectively, "Clorox Argentina"). Consequently, gains and losses from non-U.S. dollar denominated monetary assets and liabilities for Clorox Argentina are recognized in Other (income) expense, net in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings.



5

NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In February 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income,” which amends its guidance to allow a reclassification from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income to Retained Earnings for the stranded income tax effects resulting from The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the Tax Act). The amendments are effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.
In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities,” which amends the hedge accounting recognition and presentation requirements to better align an entity’s risk management activities with its financial reporting. This standard also simplifies the application of hedge accounting in certain situations. The new guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure a goodwill impairment charge. The new guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with terms of more than 12 months. Recognition, measurement and presentation will depend on the classification of a lease as either a finance or an operating lease. ASU 2016-02 also requires expanded disclosures about leasing arrangements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11, "Leases (Topic 842), Targeted Improvements," which provides an optional transition method in applying the new lease standard. Topic 842 can be applied using either a modified retrospective approach at the beginning of the earliest period presented, or, as permitted by ASU 2018-11, at the beginning of the period in which it is adopted. The Company will adopt the new standard on July 1, 2019, on a modified retrospective basis using the optional transition method, and, accordingly, will not restate comparative periods. The Company has initiated its plan for the adoption and implementation of this new accounting standard, including assessing its lease arrangements and implementing software to meet the reporting and disclosure requirements of this standard. Additionally, the Company is in the process of identifying changes to its business processes and controls to support the adoption and is currently evaluating the impact that the adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements. Refer to Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018 for the future minimum annual lease payments required under the Company’s existing non-cancelable operating and capital lease arrangements as of June 30, 2018.



6

NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which replaces most of the existing U.S. GAAP revenue recognition guidance and is intended to improve and converge with international standards on the financial reporting requirements for revenue from contracts with customers. The core principle of ASU 2014-09 is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of goods or services equal to the amount that it expects to be entitled to receive for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 also requires additional disclosures about the nature, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers, including information about significant judgments and changes in judgments.

The Company adopted the new guidance on a modified retrospective basis effective July 1, 2018, and does not expect the guidance to have a material impact on the Company's annual consolidated financial statements. However, there will be an impact on the Company’s financial results in the interim periods due to the timing of recognition for certain trade promotion spending. Due to a change in the timing of recognition for certain trade promotion spending, the Company recorded an immaterial cumulative effect of initially applying the new guidance as an adjustment to the fiscal year 2019 opening balance of Retained earnings. Results for periods beginning on or after July 1, 2018 are recognized and presented in accordance with Topic 606, while prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the prior accounting guidance under Topic 605, "Revenue Recognition." The Company has made changes to its accounting policies, business processes, systems and controls to align with the new revenue recognition guidance and disclosure requirements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, “Compensation-Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost,” which requires presenting the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same income statement line items as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. This standard also requires that other components of the net periodic benefit cost be presented separately from the line item(s) that includes service costs and outside of any subtotal of operating income, if one is presented, on a retrospective basis. The Company adopted this new guidance in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 and the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. Following the adoption of this guidance, the Company records the non-service cost components of net periodic benefit cost in Other (income) expense, net.

In March 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-05, “Income Taxes (Topic 740)-Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118,” which amends its guidance to address the initial accounting for the income tax effects of the Tax Act, which was enacted on December 22, 2017 (enactment date). This new guidance allows reasonable estimates of income tax effects to be reported as provisional amounts during the measurement period, which is one year from the enactment date, when the necessary information is not available, prepared, or analyzed in sufficient detail to complete the accounting. The amendments also added specific disclosure requirements. The Company adopted this new guidance and initially recorded $81 of provisional benefits in the second quarter of fiscal year 2018. Refer to Note 6 for more information.




7


NOTE 2. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
On September 22, 2014, the Company's Venezuela affiliate, Corporación Clorox de Venezuela S.A. (Clorox Venezuela) announced that it was discontinuing its operations, effective immediately, and seeking to sell its assets. Since fiscal year 2012, Clorox Venezuela has been required to sell more than two thirds of its products at prices frozen by the Venezuelan government. During this same period, Clorox Venezuela experienced successive years of hyperinflation resulting in significant sustained increases in its input costs, including packaging, raw materials, transportation and wages. As a result, Clorox Venezuela had been selling its products at a loss, resulting in ongoing operating losses. Clorox Venezuela repeatedly met with government authorities in an effort to help them understand the rapidly declining state of the business, including the need for immediate, significant and ongoing price increases and other critical remedial actions to address these adverse impacts. Based on the Venezuelan government’s representations, Clorox Venezuela had expected significant price increases would be forthcoming much earlier; however, the price increases subsequently approved were insufficient and would have caused Clorox Venezuela to continue operating at a significant loss into the foreseeable future. As such, Clorox Venezuela was no longer financially viable and was forced to discontinue its operations.
On September 26, 2014, the Company reported that Venezuelan Vice President Jorge Arreaza announced, with endorsement by President Nicolás Maduro, that the Venezuelan government had occupied the Santa Lucía and Guacara production facilities of Clorox Venezuela. On November 6, 2014, the Company reported that the Venezuelan government had published a resolution granting a government-sponsored Special Administrative Board full authority to restart and operate the business of Clorox Venezuela, thereby reaffirming the government's expropriation of Clorox Venezuela’s assets. Further, President Nicolás Maduro announced the government's intention to facilitate the resumed production of bleach and other cleaning products at Clorox Venezuela plants. He also announced his approval of a financial credit to invest in raw materials and production at the plants. These actions by the Venezuelan government were taken without the consent or involvement of Clorox Venezuela, its parent Clorox Spain S.L. (Clorox Spain) or any of their affiliates. Clorox Venezuela, Clorox Spain and their affiliates reserved their rights under all applicable laws and treaties.
With this exit, the financial results of Clorox Venezuela are reflected as discontinued operations in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements for all periods presented. The results of Clorox Venezuela had historically been part of the International reportable segment.
There were no net sales for each of the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and losses from discontinued operations, net of tax were insignificant for these same periods.


8


NOTE 3. BUSINESS ACQUIRED

On April 2, 2018, the Company acquired 100 percent of Nutranext, a health and wellness company based in Sunrise, Florida. Nutranext manufactures and markets leading dietary supplement brands in the retail and e-commerce channels as well as in its direct-to-consumer business. The purchase of the business reflects the Company's strategy to acquire leading brands in fast-growing categories with attractive gross margins and a focus on health and wellness.

The total consideration paid of $681, which included post-closing working capital and other adjustments, was initially funded through commercial paper borrowings and subsequently repaid using a combination of long-term debt financing and cash repatriated from foreign subsidiaries. The assets and liabilities of Nutranext were recorded at their respective estimated fair value as of the acquisition date using U.S. GAAP for business combinations. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired has been allocated to goodwill in the Lifestyle and Household reportable segments of $309 and $102, respectively. The goodwill of $411 is primarily attributable to the synergies, including those with the digestive health business, expected to arise after the acquisition and reflects the value of further expanding the Company’s portfolio into the health and wellness arena. Of the total goodwill, $363 is expected to be deductible for tax purposes.

The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of Nutranext's assets acquired and liabilities assumed and the related deferred income taxes as of the acquisition date. Due to the timing of the acquisition, the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on a preliminary valuation and the Company’s estimates and assumptions are subject to change within the measurement period. The primary areas of the purchase price that are not yet finalized are related to goodwill and income taxes. The weighted-average estimated useful life of intangible assets subject to amortization is 15 years.
 
Nutranext
Goodwill ($309 in Lifestyle reportable segment and $102 in Household reportable segment)
$
411

Trademarks
143

Customer relationships
75

Property, plant and equipment
49

Working capital, net
23

Deferred income taxes
(20
)
Consideration paid
$
681

Effective April 2, 2018, Nutranext was consolidated into the Company's results of operations. Results for Nutranext's global business are reflected in the Lifestyle reportable segment.
Pro forma results reflecting the acquisition were not presented because the acquisition did not meet the threshold requirements for additional disclosure.

NOTE 4. INVENTORIES, NET
Inventories, net, consisted of the following as of:
 
12/31/2018
 
6/30/2018
Finished goods
$
467

 
$
395

Raw materials and packaging
135

 
129

Work in process
7

 
9

LIFO allowances
(31
)
 
(27
)
Total
$
578

 
$
506



9



NOTE 5. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Financial Risk Management and Derivative Instruments

The Company is exposed to certain commodity, foreign currency and interest rate risks related to its ongoing business operations and uses derivative instruments to mitigate its exposure to these risks.

Commodity Price Risk Management

The Company may use commodity exchange traded futures and over-the-counter swap contracts, which are generally no longer than 2 years, to fix the price of a portion of its forecasted raw material requirements. Commodity purchase contracts are measured at fair value using market quotations obtained from the Chicago Board of Trade commodity futures exchange and commodity derivative dealers.

As of December 31, 2018, the notional amount of commodity derivatives was $34, of which $23 related to soybean oil futures used for the food business and $11 related to jet fuel swaps used for the charcoal business. As of June 30, 2018, the notional amount of commodity derivatives was $34, of which $24 related to soybean oil futures and $10 related to jet fuel swaps.

Foreign Currency Risk Management

The Company may also enter into certain over-the-counter derivative contracts to manage a portion of the Company’s forecasted foreign currency exposure associated with the purchase of inventory. These foreign currency contracts generally have durations of no longer than 2 years. The foreign exchange contracts are measured at fair value using information quoted by foreign exchange dealers.

The notional amounts of outstanding foreign currency forward contracts used by the Company’s subsidiaries to hedge forecasted purchases of inventory were $43 as of December 31, 2018, and $50 as of June 30, 2018.

Interest Rate Risk Management

The Company may enter into over-the-counter interest rate forward contracts to fix a portion of the benchmark interest rate prior to the anticipated issuance of fixed rate debt or to manage the Company’s level of fixed and floating rate debt. These interest rate forward contracts generally have durations of less than 12 months. The interest rate contracts are measured at fair value using information quoted by U.S. government bond dealers.

As of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, the Company had no outstanding interest rate forward contracts.

10

NOTE 5. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (Continued)

Commodity, Foreign Exchange and Interest Rate Derivatives

The Company designates its commodity forward and future contracts for forecasted purchases of raw materials, foreign currency forward contracts for forecasted purchases of inventory, and interest rate forward contracts for forecasted interest payments as cash flow hedges.

The effects of derivative instruments designated as hedging instruments on Other comprehensive income and Net earnings were as follows:

 
Gains (losses) recognized in Other comprehensive income
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Commodity purchase derivative contracts
$
(10
)
 
$
1

 
$
(6
)
 
$
3

Foreign exchange derivative contracts
1

 
1

 
1

 

Interest rate derivative contracts

 

 

 
2

Total
$
(9
)
 
$
2

 
$
(5
)
 
$
5


 
Gains (losses) reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income and recognized in Net earnings
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Commodity purchase derivative contracts
$
(4
)
 
$

 
$

 
$

Foreign exchange derivative contracts

 

 
1

 
(1
)
Interest rate derivative contracts
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
(3
)
 
(4
)
Total
$
(5
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(2
)
 
$
(5
)

The gains (losses) reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income and recognized in Net earnings during the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, for commodity purchase and foreign exchange contracts were included in Cost of products sold, and for interest rate contracts were included in Interest expense.

The estimated amount of the existing net gain (loss) in Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income as of December 31, 2018, which is expected to be reclassified into Net earnings within the next twelve months, is $(8). Gains and losses on derivative instruments representing either hedge ineffectiveness or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness are recognized in Net earnings. During the three and six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, hedge ineffectiveness was not significant.


11

NOTE 5. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (Continued)

Counterparty Risk Management and Derivative Contract Requirements

The Company utilizes a variety of financial institutions as counterparties for over-the-counter derivative instruments. The Company enters into agreements governing the use of over-the-counter derivative instruments and sets internal limits on the aggregate over-the-counter derivative instrument positions held with each counterparty. Certain terms of these agreements require the Company or the counterparty to post collateral when the fair value of the derivative instrument exceeds contractually defined counterparty liability position limits. Of the over-the-counter derivative instruments in liability positions held as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, $1 and $0, respectively, contained such terms. As of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, neither the Company nor any counterparty was required to post any collateral as no counterparty liability position limits were exceeded.

Certain terms of the agreements governing the Company’s over-the-counter derivative instruments require the credit ratings of the Company and its counterparties, as assigned by Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s, to remain at a level equal to or better than the minimum of an investment grade credit rating. If the Company’s credit ratings were to fall below investment grade, the counterparties to the derivative instruments could request full collateralization on derivative instruments in net liability positions. As of both December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, the Company and each of its counterparties had been assigned investment grade credit ratings by both Standard & Poor’s and Moody’s.

Certain of the Company’s exchange-traded futures contracts used for commodity price risk management include requirements for the Company to post collateral in the form of a cash margin account held by the Company’s broker for trades conducted on that exchange. As of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, the Company maintained cash margin balances related to exchange-traded futures contracts of $2, which are classified as Prepaid expenses and other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Trust Assets

The Company has held interests in mutual funds and cash equivalents as part of the trust assets related to its nonqualified deferred compensation plans. The participants in the nonqualified deferred compensation plans, who are the Company’s current and former employees, may select among certain mutual funds in which to invest their compensation deferrals in accordance with the terms of the plans and within the confines of the trusts, which hold the marketable securities. The trusts represent variable interest entities for which the Company is considered the primary beneficiary, and, therefore, trust assets are consolidated and included in Other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The interests in mutual funds are measured at fair value using quoted market prices. The Company has designated these marketable securities as trading investments.

Fair Value Measurements

Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the condensed consolidated balance sheets are required to be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories of the fair value hierarchy:

Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs reflecting the reporting entity’s own assumptions.

As of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis included derivative financial instruments, which were classified as either Level 1 or Level 2, and trust assets to fund the Company’s nonqualified deferred compensation plans, which were classified as Level 1.

12

NOTE 5. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS (Continued)

The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities for which disclosure of fair value is required:
 
 
 
 
 
12/31/2018
 
6/30/2018
 
Balance sheet
classification
 
Fair value
hierarchy
level
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Estimated
Fair
Value
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investments, including money market funds
Cash and cash
equivalents
(a)
 
1
 
$
43

 
$
43

 
$
24

 
$
24

Time deposits
Cash and cash
equivalents
(a)
 
2
 
27

 
27

 
23

 
23

Commodity purchase swaps contracts
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
2
 

 

 
3

 
3

Foreign exchange forward contracts
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
2
 
2

 
2

 
2

 
2

Trust assets for nonqualified deferred compensation plans
Other assets
 
1
 
85

 
85

 
86

 
86

 
 
 
 
 
$
157

 
$
157

 
$
138

 
$
138

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Notes and loans payable
Notes and loans payable (b)
 
2
 
$
235

 
$
235

 
$
199

 
$
199

Commodity purchase futures contracts
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
 
1
 
1

 
1

 
1

 
1

Commodity purchase swaps contracts
Accounts payable and
accrued liabilities
 
2
 
1

 
1

 

 

Commodity purchase swaps contracts
Other liabilities
 
2
 
1

 
1

 

 

Current maturities of long-term debt and Long-term debt
Current maturities of long-
term debt and Long-term
debt
(c)
 
2
 
2,285

 
2,281

 
2,284

 
2,269

 
 
 
 
 
$
2,523

 
$
2,519

 
$
2,484

 
$
2,469

____________________

(a)
Cash and cash equivalents are composed of time deposits and other interest bearing investments, including money market funds with original maturity dates of 90 days or less. Cash and cash equivalents are recorded at cost, which approximates fair value.
(b)
Notes and loans payable is composed of U.S. commercial paper and/or other similar short-term debt issued by non-U.S. subsidiaries, all of which are recorded at cost, which approximates fair value.
(c)
Current maturities of long-term debt and Long-term debt are recorded at cost. The fair value of Long-term debt, including current maturities, was determined using secondary market prices quoted by corporate bond dealers, and is classified as Level 2.







13



NOTE 6. INCOME TAXES
In determining its quarterly provision for income taxes, the Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate, which is based on expected annual income, statutory tax rates and tax planning opportunities available in the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates. Certain significant or unusual items are separately recognized in the quarter in which they occur and can be a source of variability in the effective tax rates from quarter to quarter. The effective tax rate on earnings from continuing operations was 18.8% and 20.2% for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, respectively, and (3.1)% and 15.9% for the three and six months ended December 31, 2017 (prior periods), respectively. The lower effective tax rates on earnings from continuing operations for the prior periods were primarily due to one-time tax benefits from the enactment of the Tax Act during the second quarter of fiscal year 2018.

The Tax Act was signed into law by the President of the United States on December 22, 2017. The Tax Act made significant changes to U.S. tax law, and included a reduction of U.S. corporation statutory income tax rates from 35% to 21% effective January 1, 2018. Under the Tax Act, the Company was subject to an average federal statutory tax rate of 28.1% for its fiscal year ended June 30, 2018. The Company’s federal statutory tax rate was 21.0% beginning in July 2018 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019. The Tax Act also included, among other things, a one-time transition tax on accumulated foreign earnings and the adoption of a modified territorial approach to the taxation of future foreign earnings.

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2018, the Company made reasonable estimates of the impacts of the Tax Act and initially recorded total benefits of $81 as provisional, as defined in Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, as follows:
 
 
Adjustments
One-time net deferred tax liability reduction
 
$
60

One-time transition tax
 
(7
)
Net total one-time tax benefit
 
53

Beneficial year-to-date current taxable income impact
 
28

Total tax benefits
 
$
81


As of December 31, 2018, the Company completed its accounting for all of the enactment-date income tax effects of the Tax Act. Cumulative measurement adjustments through the second quarter of fiscal year 2019 were insignificant.

14



NOTE 7. NET EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)
The following is the reconciliation of the weighted average number of shares outstanding (in thousands) used to calculate basic net EPS to those used to calculate diluted net EPS:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Basic
128,068
 
129,359

 
127,955
 
129,189

Dilutive effect of stock options and other
2,026
 
2,296

 
2,152
 
2,370

Diluted
130,094
 
131,655

 
130,107
 
131,559

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Antidilutive stock options and other
1
 
1,223

 
831
 
1,223


The Company has two stock repurchase programs: an open-market purchase program with an authorized aggregate purchase amount of up to $2,000, which has no expiration date, and a program to offset the anticipated impact of dilution related to stock-based awards (the Evergreen Program), which has no authorization limit on the dollar amount and no expiration date.

Stock repurchases under the two stock repurchase programs were as follows for the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
Open-market purchase program
$

 

 
$

 

 
$
78

 
591

 
$

 

Evergreen Program
38

 
253

 
3

 
26

 
158

 
1,085

 
63

 
476

Total stock repurchases
$
38

 
253

 
$
3

 
26

 
$
236

 
1,676

 
$
63

 
476


Dividends per share declared were as follows for the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Dividends per share declared
$
0.96

 
$
0.84

 
$
1.92

 
$
1.68



15



NOTE 8. COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
The following table provides a summary of Comprehensive income for the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Earnings from continuing operations
$
182

 
$
233

 
$
392

 
$
425

Earnings (losses) from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

Net earnings
182

 
233

 
392

 
425

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(29
)
 
(4
)
 
(31
)
 
10

Net unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives
(2
)
 
3

 
(1
)
 
8

Pension and postretirement benefit adjustments
1

 
1

 
2

 
1

Total other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
(30
)
 

 
(30
)
 
19

Comprehensive income
$
152

 
$
233

 
$
362

 
$
444

Changes in Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income by component were as follows for the six months ended December 31:
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives
 
Pension and postretirement benefit adjustments
 
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
Balance as of June 30, 2017
$
(356
)
 
$
(37
)
 
$
(150
)
 
$
(543
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
13

 
5

 

 
18

Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income

 
5

 
3

 
8

Income tax benefit (expense)
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 
(7
)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
10

 
8

 
1

 
19

Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
(346
)
 
$
(29
)
 
$
(149
)
 
$
(524
)
Balance as of June 30, 2018
$
(384
)
 
$
(25
)
 
$
(138
)
 
$
(547
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(30
)
 
(5
)
 

 
(35
)
Amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income

 
2

 
3

 
5

Income tax benefit (expense)
(1
)
 
2

 
(1
)
 

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
(31
)
 
(1
)
 
2

 
(30
)
Balance as of December 31, 2018
$
(415
)
 
$
(26
)
 
$
(136
)
 
$
(577
)

Included in foreign currency translation adjustments are re-measurement losses on long-term intercompany loans where settlement is not planned or anticipated in the foreseeable future. For the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, Other comprehensive income (loss) on these loans totaled $(2) and $(4), respectively. For the three and six months ended December 31, 2017, Other comprehensive income (loss) on these loans totaled $(3) and $(4), respectively. There were no amounts associated with these loans reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive net (loss) income for the periods presented.




16



NOTE 9. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS
The following table summarizes the components of net periodic benefit cost for the Company’s retirement income plans:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Service cost
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Interest cost
6

 
5

 
12

 
11

Expected return on plan assets (1)
(5
)
 
(4
)
 
(9
)
 
(9
)
Amortization of unrecognized items
3

 
2

 
5

 
5

Total
$
4

 
$
3

 
$
8

 
$
7

(1) The weighted average long-term expected rate of return on plan assets used in computing the fiscal year 2019 net periodic benefit cost is 4.33%.
During each of the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company made $2 in contributions to its domestic retirement income plans. During each of the six months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company made $4 in contributions to its domestic retirement income plans.
As a result of adopting ASU No. 2017-07, "Compensation-Retirement Benefits (Topic 715)," effective July 1, 2018, net periodic benefit cost is reflected in Other (income) expense, net for fiscal year 2019, and in Cost of products sold, Selling and administrative expenses and Research and development costs prior to fiscal year 2019. Refer to Note 1 for more details.
NOTE 10. OTHER CONTINGENCIES AND GUARANTEES
Contingencies
The Company is involved in certain environmental matters, including response actions at various locations. The Company had recorded liabilities totaling $28 as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, for its share of aggregate future remediation costs related to these matters.
One matter, which accounted for $14 of the recorded liability as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, relates to environmental costs associated with one of the Company’s former operations at a site located in Alameda County, California. In November 2016, at the request of regulators and with the assistance of environmental consultants, the Company submitted a Feasibility Study that evaluated various options for managing the site and included estimates of the related costs. As a result, the Company recorded in Other (income) expense, net an undiscounted liability for costs estimated to be incurred over a 30-year period, based on the option recommended in the Feasibility Study. However, as a result of ongoing discussions with regulators, in June 2017, the Company increased its recorded liability to $14, which reflects anticipated costs to implement additional remediation measures at this site. While the Company believes its latest estimate is reasonable, regulators could require the Company to implement one of the other options evaluated in the Feasibility Study, with estimated undiscounted costs of up to $28 over an estimated 30-year period, or require the Company to take other actions and incur costs not included in the study.
Another matter in Dickinson County, Michigan, at the site of one of the Company's former operations for which the Company is jointly and severally liable, accounted for $12 of the recorded liability, as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018. This amount reflects the Company's agreement to be liable for 24.3% of the aggregate remediation and associated costs for this matter pursuant to a cost-sharing arrangement with a third party. With the assistance of environmental consultants, the Company maintains an undiscounted liability representing its current best estimate of its share of the capital expenditures, maintenance and other costs that may be incurred over an estimated 30-year remediation period. Although it is reasonably possible that the Company’s exposure may exceed the amount recorded for the Dickinson County matter, any amount of such additional exposures, or range of exposures, is not estimable at this time. The Company's estimated losses related to these matters are sensitive to a variety of uncertain factors, including the efficacy of any remediation efforts, changes in any remediation requirements, and the future availability of alternative clean-up technologies.
The Company is subject to various legal proceedings, claims and other loss contingencies, including, without limitation, loss contingencies relating to contractual arrangements, product liability, patents and trademarks, advertising, labor and employment, environmental, health and safety and other matters. With respect to these proceedings, claims and other loss contingencies, while considerable uncertainty exists, in the opinion of management at this time, the ultimate disposition of these matters, to the extent not previously provided for, will not have a material adverse effect, either individually or in the aggregate, on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements taken as a whole.

17

NOTE 10. OTHER CONTINGENCIES AND GUARANTEES (continued)


Guarantees
In conjunction with divestitures and other transactions, the Company may provide typical indemnifications (e.g., indemnifications for representations and warranties and retention of previously existing environmental, tax and employee liabilities) that have terms that vary in duration and in the potential amount of the total obligation and, in many circumstances, are not explicitly defined. The Company has not made, nor does it believe that it is probable that it will make, any material payments relating to its indemnifications, and believes that any reasonably possible payments would not have a material adverse effect, either individually or in the aggregate, on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements taken as a whole.
The Company had not recorded any material liabilities on the aforementioned guarantees as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018.
As of December 31, 2018, the Company was a party to letters of credit of $9, primarily related to one of its insurance carriers, of which $0 had been drawn upon.



18


NOTE 11. SEGMENT RESULTS
The Company operates through strategic business units (SBUs) that are aggregated into four reportable segments based on the economics and nature of the products sold: Cleaning, Household, Lifestyle and International.
Certain non-allocated administrative costs, interest income, interest expense and various other non-operating income and expenses are reflected in Corporate. Corporate assets include cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses and other current assets, property and equipment, other investments and deferred taxes.
The tables below present reportable segment information and a reconciliation of the segment information to the Company’s consolidated Net sales and Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes, with amounts that are not allocated to the reportable segments reflected in Corporate.
 
 
Net sales
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Cleaning
 
$
500

 
$
472

 
$
1,071

 
$
1,031

Household
 
393

 
410

 
835

 
851

Lifestyle
 
335

 
268

 
644

 
514

International
 
245

 
266

 
486

 
520

Corporate
 

 

 

 

Total
 
$
1,473

 
$
1,416

 
$
3,036

 
$
2,916

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (losses) from continuing operations before income taxes
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Cleaning
 
$
135

 
$
121

 
$
315

 
$
293

Household
 
46

 
54

 
105

 
127

Lifestyle
 
78

 
69

 
140

 
133

International
 
25

 
23

 
53

 
46

Corporate
 
(60
)
 
(40
)
 
(121
)
 
(93
)
Total
 
$
224

 
$
227

 
$
492

 
$
506

All intersegment sales are eliminated and are not included in the Company’s reportable segments’ net sales.
Net sales to the Company's largest customer, Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. and its affiliates, as a percentage of consolidated net sales, were 24% and 25% for the three and six months ended December 31, 2018, respectively, and 26% for both the three and six months ended December 31, 2017.


19

NOTE 11. SEGMENT RESULTS (continued)

The following table provides Net sales as a percentage of total Company, disaggregated by SBU:
 
 
Net sales
 
 
Three months ended
 
Six months ended
 
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Home care
 
19
%
 
19
%
 
20
%
 
20
%
Laundry
 
9
%
 
9
%
 
9
%
 
9
%
Professional products
 
6
%
 
5
%
 
6
%
 
6
%
Cleaning
 
34
%
 
33
%
 
35
%
 
35
%
Bags, wraps, containers
 
13
%
 
15
%
 
14
%
 
15
%
Cat litter
 
8
%
 
7
%
 
7
%
 
7
%
Charcoal
 
3
%
 
5
%
 
5
%
 
5
%
Digestive health
 
2
%
 
2
%
 
2
%
 
2
%
Household
 
26
%
 
29
%
 
28
%
 
29
%
Food products
 
10
%
 
10
%
 
9
%
 
9
%
Natural personal care
 
6
%
 
6
%
 
5
%
 
5
%
Water filtration
 
3
%
 
3
%
 
3
%
 
4
%
Dietary supplements (1)
 
4
%
 
%
 
4
%
 
%
Lifestyle
 
23
%
 
19
%
 
21
%
 
18
%
International
 
17
%
 
19
%
 
16
%
 
18
%
Total
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
%
(1) The dietary supplements business was acquired in April 2018. See Note 3 for details.


20



Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The Clorox Company
(Dollars in millions, except share and per share data)
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) is designed to provide a reader of The Clorox Company’s (the Company or Clorox) financial statements with a narrative from the perspective of management on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and certain other factors that may affect future results. The following discussion of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with MD&A and the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on August 14, 2018, and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this Report). Unless otherwise noted, MD&A compares the three- and six-month periods ended December 31, 2018 (the current period) to the three- and six-month periods ended December 31, 2017 (the prior period), with percentage and basis point calculations based on rounded numbers, except for per share data and the effective tax rate.

EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW
Clorox is a leading multinational manufacturer and marketer of consumer and professional products with approximately 8,700 employees worldwide. Clorox sells its products primarily through mass retailers, grocery outlets, warehouse clubs, dollar stores, home hardware centers, e-commerce channels, military stores and distributors. Clorox markets some of the most trusted and recognized consumer brand names, including its namesake bleach and cleaning products, Pine-Sol® cleaners, Liquid-Plumr® clog removers, Poett® home care products, Fresh Step® cat litter, Glad® bags, wraps and container products, Kingsford® charcoal, Hidden Valley® dressings, Brita® water-filtration products, Burt’s Bees® natural personal care products, RenewLife® digestive health products, and Rainbow Light®, Natural Vitality® and Neocell® dietary supplements. The Company also markets brands to professional services, including Clorox Healthcare® and Commercial Solutions®. The Company has operations in more than 25 countries or territories and sells its products in more than 100 markets.
The Company primarily markets its leading brands in midsized categories considered to be financially attractive. Most of the Company’s products compete with other nationally advertised brands within each category and with “private label” brands.
The Company operates through strategic business units that are aggregated into the following four reportable segments based on the economics and nature of the products sold:
Cleaning consists of laundry, home care and professional products marketed and sold in the United States. Products within this segment include laundry additives, including bleach products under the Clorox® brand and Clorox 2® stain fighter and color booster; home care products, primarily under the Clorox®, Formula 409®, Liquid-Plumr®, Pine-Sol®, S.O.S® and Tilex® brands; naturally derived products under the Green Works® brand; and professional cleaning and disinfecting and food service products under the Clorox®, Dispatch®, HealthLink®, Clorox Healthcare®, Hidden Valley®, KC Masterpiece® and Soy Vay® brands.
Household consists of charcoal, bags, wraps and containers, cat litter, and digestive health products marketed and sold in the United States. Products within this segment include charcoal products under the Kingsford® and Match Light® brands; bags, wraps and containers under the Glad® brand; cat litter products under the Fresh Step®, Scoop Away® and Ever Clean® brands; and digestive health products under the RenewLife® brand.
Lifestyle consists of food products, water-filtration systems and filters, natural personal care products, and dietary supplements primarily marketed and sold in the United States. Products within this segment include dressings and sauces, primarily under the Hidden Valley®, KC Masterpiece®, Kingsford® and Soy Vay® brands; water-filtration systems and filters under the Brita® brand; natural personal care products under the Burt’s Bees® brand; and dietary supplements under the Rainbow Light®, Natural Vitality® and Neocell® brands.
International consists of products sold outside the United States. Products within this segment include laundry, home care, water-filtration, digestive health products, charcoal and cat litter products, food products, bags, wraps and containers and natural personal care products and professional cleaning and disinfecting products, primarily under the Clorox®, Glad®, PinoLuz®, Ayudin®, Limpido®, Clorinda®, Poett®, Mistolin®, Lestoil®, Bon Bril®, Brita®, Green Works®, Pine-Sol®, Agua Jane®, Chux®, RenewLife®, Kingsford®, Fresh Step®, Scoop Away®, Ever Clean®, KC Masterpiece®, Hidden Valley®, Burt’s Bees® and Clorox Healthcare® brands.


21



RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
CONSOLIDATED RESULTS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Continuing operations
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Net sales
$
1,473

 
$
1,416

 
4
%
 
$
3,036

 
$
2,916

 
4
%
Net sales in the current quarter increased by 4%, reflecting sales growth in the Lifestyle and Cleaning reportable segments, partially offset by lower sales in the International and Household reportable segments. Volume increased by 5% due to higher shipments in the Lifestyle and Cleaning reportable segments, offset by lower shipments in the Household reportable segment. The variance between volume and net sales was primarily due to the impact of unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates and unfavorable mix, partially offset by the benefit of price increases.
Net sales in the current six-month period increased 4%, reflecting sales growth in the Lifestyle and Cleaning reportable segments, partially offset by lower sales in the International and Household reportable segments. Volume increased by 5% due to higher shipments in the Lifestyle and International reportable segments, offset by lower shipments in the Household reportable segment. The variance between volume and net sales was primarily due to the impact of unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates and unfavorable mix, partially offset by the benefit of price increases.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Gross profit
$
643

 
$
609

 
6
%
 
$
1,321

 
$
1,282

 
3
%
Gross margin
43.7
%
 
43.0
%
 
 
 
43.5
%
 
44.0
%
 
 
Gross margin, defined as gross profit as a percentage of net sales, increased by 70 basis points in the current three-month period from 43.0% to 43.7%. The increase was primarily driven by the benefit of price increases and cost savings, partially offset by higher manufacturing and logistics costs and unfavorable commodity costs.
Gross margin decreased by 50 basis points in the current six-month period from 44.0% to 43.5%. The decrease was primarily driven by higher manufacturing and logistics costs and unfavorable commodity costs, partially offset by the benefit of price increases and cost savings.
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% of Net Sales
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Selling and administrative expenses
$
211

 
$
197

 
7
%
 
14.3
%
 
13.9
%
Advertising costs
145

 
140

 
4

 
9.8

 
9.9

Research and development costs
32

 
31

 
3

 
2.2

 
2.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% of Net Sales
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Selling and administrative expenses
$
423

 
$
401

 
5
%
 
13.9
%
 
13.8
%
Advertising costs
284

 
274

 
4

 
9.4

 
9.4

Research and development costs
64

 
63

 
2

 
2.1

 
2.2

Selling and administrative expenses, as a percentage of net sales, increased by 40 basis points in the current three-month period and remained relatively flat in the current six-month period. The increase in selling and administrative expenses in the current three- and six-month periods reflected the impact of the Nutranext business acquired in April 2018.

22



Advertising costs, as a percentage of net sales, remained essentially flat in the current three- and six-month periods. The Company’s U.S. retail advertising spend as a percentage of net sales was approximately 11% in the current and year-ago quarters.
Research and development costs remained flat in the current three- and six-month periods. The Company continues to focus on product innovation and cost savings.
Interest expense, Other (income) expense, net, and the effective tax rate on earnings
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Interest expense
$
24

 
$
20

 
$
48

 
$
41

Other (income) expense, net
7

 
(6
)
 
10

 
(3
)
Effective tax rate on earnings
18.8
%
 
(3.1
)%
 
20.2
%
 
15.9
%
Interest expense increased by $4 in the current three-month period and $7 in the current six-month period, primarily due to higher long-term debt balances resulting from the issuance of senior notes in May 2018.
Other (income) expense, net, was $7 and $(6) for the current and prior three-month periods, respectively, and $10 and $(3) in the current and prior six-month periods, respectively. The variances were primarily due to the impact from revaluation of the Company's trust assets related to its non-qualified deferred compensation plans (see Note 5 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements).
The effective tax rate on earnings from continuing operations was 18.8% and 20.2% for the current three- and six-month prior periods, respectively, and (3.1)% and 15.9% for the prior three- and six-month periods, respectively. The lower effective tax rate on earnings from continuing operations for the prior periods were primarily due to one-time tax benefits from the enactment of The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Tax Act) during the second quarter of fiscal year 2018. See Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more details.
Diluted net earnings per share
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Diluted net earnings per share from continuing operations
$
1.40

 
$
1.77

 
(21
)%
 
$
3.02

 
$
3.23

 
(7
)%
Diluted net earnings per share (EPS) from continuing operations decreased by $0.37, or 21%, in the current three-month period, primarily due to a one-time tax benefit of $0.40 associated with the enactment of the Tax Act in the year-ago period (see Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements).
Diluted net earnings per share from continuing operations decreased by $0.21, or 7%, in the current six-month period, primarily due to a higher effective tax rate (see Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements).
DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
Since the exit of Clorox Venezuela in the first quarter of fiscal year 2015, the Company has recognized $51 in after-tax exit costs and other related expenses within discontinued operations related to the exit of Clorox Venezuela. While the Company may continue to incur costs relating to this exit going forward, the Company does not expect these costs to be significant.
See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information regarding discontinued operations of Clorox Venezuela.

23



SEGMENT RESULTS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
The following sections present the results from operations of the Company’s reportable segments and certain unallocated costs reflected in Corporate:
Cleaning
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Net sales
$
500

 
$
472

 
6
%
 
$
1,071

 
$
1,031

 
4
%
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
135

 
121

 
12

 
315

 
293

 
8

Volume, net sales and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes increased by 1%, 6% and 12%, respectively, in the current quarter. The volume increase was driven primarily by higher shipments of Professional Products, reflecting continued growth across all categories, partially offset by lower shipments in Home Care. Net sales growth outpaced volume growth, primarily due to the benefit of price increases and favorable mix. The increase in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was primarily due to net sales growth and cost savings, partially offset by unfavorable commodity costs and higher manufacturing and logistics costs.
Volume was flat, while net sales and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes increased by 4% and 8%, respectively, in the current six-month period. Volume reflected higher shipments of Professional Products mainly due to continued growth in cleaning products, offset by lower shipments in Home Care and Laundry. Net sales outpaced volume, primarily due to the benefit of price increases and favorable mix. The increase in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was primarily due to net sales growth and cost savings, partially offset by higher manufacturing and logistics costs and unfavorable commodity costs.
Household
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Net sales
$
393

 
$
410

 
(4
)%
 
$
835

 
$
851

 
(2
)%
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
46

 
54

 
(15
)
 
105

 
127

 
(17
)
Volume, net sales and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes decreased by 5%, 4% and 15%, respectively, in the current quarter. Both volume and net sales decreased, primarily driven by lower shipments of Glad® bags and wraps, mainly due to heightened competitive activity in trash bags and distribution losses in food storage products, and lower shipments in Charcoal, mainly due to a shift in the timing of shipments from the second quarter to the third quarter of the current fiscal year in support of an early-season customer program as well as continued lower consumption. These decreases were partially offset by higher shipments in Cat Litter, mainly due to innovation and increased merchandising support. The variance between volume and net sales was primarily due to the benefit of price increases, partially offset by unfavorable mix. The decrease in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was mainly due to higher manufacturing and logistics costs and unfavorable commodity costs, partially offset by cost savings.
Volume, net sales and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes decreased by 3%, 2% and 17%, respectively, in the current six-month period. Both volume and net sales decreased, primarily driven by lower shipments of Glad® bags and wraps due to heightened competitive activity, and lower shipments in Charcoal, mainly due to continued lower consumption. These decreases were partially offset by higher shipments in Cat Litter, primarily driven by innovation and increased merchandising support. The variance between volume and net sales was primarily due to the benefit of price increases and lower trade promotion spending, partially offset by unfavorable mix. The decrease in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was mainly due to higher manufacturing and logistics costs and unfavorable commodity costs, partially offset by cost savings.

24



Lifestyle 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Net sales
$
335

 
$
268

 
25
%
 
$
644

 
$
514

 
25
%
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
78

 
69

 
13

 
140

 
133

 
5

Volume, net sales and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes increased by 32%, 25% and 13%, respectively, in the current quarter. Both volume growth and net sales growth were primarily driven by the benefit of the April 2018 acquisition of the Nutranext dietary supplements business and higher shipments of Burt’s Bees® Natural Personal Care products due to continued growth in lip care supported by innovation. Volume growth outpaced net sales growth, primarily due to unfavorable mix and higher trade promotion spending, partially offset by the benefit of price increases. The increase in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was primarily due to net sales growth.
Volume, net sales and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes increased by 33%, 25% and 5%, respectively, in the current six-month period. Both volume growth and net sales growth were driven by the benefit of the April 2018 acquisition of the Nutranext dietary supplements business and higher shipments of Burt’s Bees®, Food and Brita® products. Increased shipments in Burt’s Bees® Natural Personal Care products were mainly due to continued strength in lip care supported by innovation and merchandising. Volume in Food grew, primarily driven by increased shipments of Hidden Valley® bottled salad dressing due to higher consumption and merchandising activity. Increased shipments in Brita® water filtration products were primarily driven by higher shipments of pour through systems and filters. Volume growth outpaced net sales growth, primarily due to unfavorable mix and higher trade promotion spending, partially offset by the benefit of price increases. The increase in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was primarily due to net sales growth and cost savings, partially offset by higher manufacturing and logistics costs.
International
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Net sales
$
245

 
$
266

 
(8
)%
 
$
486

 
$
520

 
(7
)%
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
25

 
23

 
9

 
53

 
46

 
15

Volume was flat, net sales decreased by 8%, and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes increased by 9% in the current quarter. Volume reflected higher shipments primarily in Asia, offset by lower shipments in certain Latin American countries, mainly Argentina. The variance between volume and net sales was mainly due to unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates, higher trade promotion spending and unfavorable mix, partially offset by the benefit of price increases. The increase in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was primarily due to the benefit of price increases, partially offset by the impact of unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates, mainly from devaluation of the Argentine peso, and inflationary pressure on manufacturing and logistics costs.
Volume increased by 1%, net sales decreased by 7%, and earnings from continuing operations before income taxes increased by 15% in the current six-month period. Volume increased primarily driven by higher shipments in Asia and Canada, partially offset by lower shipments in certain Latin American countries, mainly Argentina. The variance between volume and net sales was mainly due to unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates and higher trade promotion spending, partially offset by the benefit of price increases. The increase in earnings from continuing operations before income taxes was largely due to the benefit of price increases and cost savings, partially offset by unfavorable foreign currency exchange rates, mainly from devaluation of the Argentine peso, and inflationary pressure on manufacturing and logistics costs.
Argentina
The Company operates in Argentina through certain wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, “Clorox Argentina”). Net sales from Clorox Argentina represented approximately 2% and 3% of the Company’s consolidated net sales for the six months ended December 31, 2018 and for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, respectively. Total assets of Clorox Argentina were approximately 1% of the Company's consolidated assets as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018. The operating environment in Argentina continues to be a challenging business environment, including the continuing significant volatility in Argentina’s currency, high inflation and economic recession.

25



Effective July 1, 2018, under the requirements of generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (U.S. GAAP), Argentina was designated as a highly inflationary economy, since it has experienced cumulative inflation of approximately 100 percent or more over a three-year period. As a result, beginning July 1, 2018, the U.S. dollar replaced the Argentine peso as the functional currency of the Company’s subsidiaries in Argentina. Consequently, gains and losses from non-U.S. dollar denominated monetary assets and liabilities for Clorox Argentina are recognized in Other (income) expense, net in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings.
Volatility in the exchange rate is expected to continue in the future, which, along with competition and changes in the retail, labor and macro-economic environment, could have an adverse impact on Clorox Argentina’s net sales, net earnings, cash flows and net monetary asset position. The Company is closely monitoring developments in Argentina and continues to take steps intended to mitigate the adverse conditions, but there can be no assurances that these actions will be able to mitigate these conditions as they may occur.
Corporate
Certain non-allocated administrative costs, interest income, interest expense and various other non-operating income and expenses are reflected in Corporate. Corporate assets include cash and cash equivalents, prepaid expenses and other current assets, property and equipment, other investments and deferred taxes.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
% Change
Losses from continuing operations before income taxes
$
(60
)
 
$
(40
)
 
50
%
 
$
(121
)
 
$
(93
)
 
30
%

The increases in losses from continuing operations before income taxes for both the three- and six-month periods were primarily driven by the impact from revaluation of the Company's trust assets related to its non-qualified deferred compensation plans and an increase in interest expense.


26



FINANCIAL POSITION AND LIQUIDITY
The Company’s financial condition and liquidity remained strong as of December 31, 2018. The following table summarizes cash activities from continuing operations:
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Net cash provided by continuing operations
$
449

 
$
324

Net cash used for investing activities
(77
)
 
(74
)
Net cash used for financing activities
(338
)
 
(177
)
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by continuing operations was $449 in the current six-month period, compared with $324 in the prior six-month period. The year-over-year increase was primarily related to lower tax payments, mainly due to benefits from the Tax Act, timing of payments to vendors and timing of collections from customers, partially offset by an increase in inventory balance in the current period.
Investing Activities
Net cash used for investing activities of $77 in the current six-month period was relatively flat versus $74 in the prior six-month period.
Financing Activities
Net cash used for financing activities was $338 in the current six-month period, compared with $177 in the prior six-month period. The year-over-year increase was mainly due to higher treasury stock repurchases, a decrease in cash sourced from short-term borrowings and higher dividend payments, partially offset by higher proceeds from stock option exercises.

Capital Resources and Liquidity
The Company believes it will have the funds necessary to meet its financing requirements and other fixed obligations as they become due based on its working capital requirements, anticipated ability to generate positive cash flows from operations in the future, investment-grade credit ratings, demonstrated access to long-term and short-term credit markets and current borrowing availability under the credit agreement.
Credit Arrangements
As of December 31, 2018, the Company maintained a $1,100 revolving credit agreement that matures in February 2022. There were no borrowings under this credit agreement as of December 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, and the Company believes that borrowings under this credit agreement are and will continue to be available for general corporate purposes. The credit agreement includes certain restrictive covenants and limitations. The primary restrictive covenant is a minimum ratio of 4.0 calculated as total earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and non-cash asset impairment charges (Consolidated EBITDA) to total interest expense for the trailing four quarters (Interest Coverage ratio), as defined and described in the credit agreement.

27



The following table sets forth the calculation of the Interest Coverage ratio as of December 31, 2018, using Consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four quarters, as contractually defined:
 
Twelve Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
Earnings from continuing operations
$
790

Add back:
 
Interest expense
92

Income tax expense
250

Depreciation and amortization
173

Non-cash asset impairment charges

Deduct:
 
Interest income
(4
)
Consolidated EBITDA
$
1,301

Interest expense
$
92

Interest Coverage ratio
14.1


The Company was in compliance with all restrictive covenants and limitations in the credit agreement as of December 31, 2018, and anticipates being in compliance with all restrictive covenants for the foreseeable future. The Company continues to monitor the financial markets and assess its ability to fully draw on its credit agreement, and currently expects that any drawing on the credit agreement will be fully funded.

As of December 31, 2018, the Company maintained $38 of foreign and other credit lines, of which $2 was outstanding.

Long-term Borrowings

In September 2017, the Company issued $400 of senior notes with an annual fixed interest rate of 3.10% and used the proceeds to repay $400 of senior notes with an annual fixed interest rate of 5.95% that became due in October 2017. The September 2017 senior notes carry an effective interest rate of 3.13%. The notes rank equally with all of the Company's existing senior indebtedness.

28



Stock Repurchases and Dividends
The Company has two stock repurchase programs: an open-market purchase program with an authorized aggregate purchase amount of up to $2,000, which has no expiration date, and a program to offset the anticipated impact of dilution related to stock-based awards (the Evergreen Program), which has no authorization limit on the dollar amount and no expiration date.
Stock repurchases under the two stock repurchase programs were as follows for the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
 
Amount
 
Shares
(in thousands)
Open-market purchase program
$

 

 
$

 

 
$
78

 
591

 
$

 

Evergreen Program
38

 
253

 
3

 
26

 
158

 
1,085

 
63

 
476

Total stock repurchases
$
38

 
253

 
$
3

 
26

 
$
236

 
1,676

 
$
63

 
476

Dividends per share declared and total dividends paid were as follows for the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
12/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
Dividends per share declared
$
0.96

 
$
0.84

 
$
1.92

 
$
1.68

Total dividends paid
123

 
109

 
245

 
217


29



CONTINGENCIES
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for information on the Company’s contingencies.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a summary of recently issued accounting standards relevant to the Company.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
The non-GAAP financial measures included in this MD&A and the reasons management believes they are useful to investors are described below.  These measures should be considered supplemental in nature and are not intended to be a substitute for the related financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP.  In addition, these measures may not be the same as similarly named measures presented by other companies.
The Company uses the term Consolidated EBITDA, which is a financial measure that is not defined by U.S. GAAP, because it is a term used in its Credit Agreement. As defined in the Credit Agreement, Consolidated EBITDA represents earnings from continuing operations before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and non-cash asset impairment charges. Interest Coverage ratio is the ratio of Consolidated EBITDA to interest expense. The Company's management believes disclosure of Consolidated EBITDA provides useful information to investors because it is used in the primary restrictive covenant in the Company's Credit Agreement. For additional discussion of the Interest Coverage ratio, see “Financial Position and Liquidity - Financing Activities - Credit Arrangements” above.

30



Cautionary Statement
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (the Report), including the exhibits hereto and the information incorporated by reference herein, contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Except for historical information, statements about future volumes, sales, foreign currencies, costs, cost savings, margins, earnings, earnings per share, including as a result of the Nutranext acquisition, diluted earnings per share, foreign currency exchange rates, tax rates, cash flows, plans, objectives, expectations, growth or profitability are forward-looking statements based on management’s estimates, beliefs, assumptions and projections. Words such as “could,” “may,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “targets,” “goals,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “predicts,” and variations on such words, and similar expressions that reflect our current views with respect to future events and operational, economic and financial performance are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are only predictions, subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual results could differ materially from those discussed. Important factors that could affect performance and cause results to differ materially from management’s expectations are described in the sections entitled “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, as updated from time to time in the Company’s Securities and Exchange Commission filings. These factors include, but are not limited to:
intense competition in the Company’s markets;
the impact of the changing retail environment, including the growth of e-commerce retailers, hard discounters and other alternative retail channels;
volatility and increases in commodity costs such as resin, sodium hypochlorite and agricultural commodities, and increases in energy, transportation or other costs;
the ability of the Company to drive sales growth, increase prices and market share, grow its product categories and manage favorable product and geographic mix;
dependence on key customers and risks related to customer consolidation and ordering patterns;
risks related to the Company's use of and reliance on information technology systems, including potential security breaches, cyber-attacks, privacy breaches or data breaches that result in the unauthorized disclosure of consumer, customer, employee or Company information, or service interruptions;
the Company's ability to maintain its business reputation and the reputation of its brands;
risks relating to acquisitions, new ventures and divestitures, and associated costs, including the potential for asset impairment charges related to, among others, intangible assets and goodwill; and the ability to complete announced transactions and, if completed, integration costs and potential contingent liabilities related to those transactions, including those related to the Nutranext acquisition;
lower revenue or increased costs resulting from government actions and regulations, including as a result of a prolonged U.S. government shutdown;
the ability of the Company to successfully manage global political, legal, tax and regulatory risks, including changes in regulatory or administrative activity and as a result of the Nutranext acquisition;
worldwide, regional and local economic and financial market conditions;
risks related to international operations and international trade, including political instability; government-imposed price controls or other regulations; foreign currency fluctuations, including devaluation, and foreign currency exchange rate controls, including periodic changes in such controls; changes in U.S. immigration or trade policies, including tariffs, labor claims, labor unrest and inflationary pressures, particularly in Argentina; potential negative impact and liabilities from the use, storage and transportation of chlorine in certain international markets where chlorine is used in the production of bleach; and the possibility of nationalization, expropriation of assets or other government action;
the ability of the Company to innovate and to develop and introduce commercially successful products;
the impact of product liability claims, labor claims and other legal or tax proceedings, including in foreign jurisdictions;
the ability of the Company to implement and generate cost savings and efficiencies;
the success of the Company’s business strategies;
risks related to additional increases in the estimated fair value of The Procter & Gamble Company's (P&G) interest in the Glad® business such as the significant increases over fiscal year 2018 primarily due to the Tax Act and the extension of the venture agreement with, and the related R&D support provided by, P&G;
the Company's ability to attract and retain key personnel;
supply disruptions and other risks inherent in reliance on a limited base of suppliers;
environmental matters, including costs associated with the remediation and monitoring of past contamination, and possible increases in costs resulting from actions by relevant regulators, and the handling and/or transportation of hazardous substances;

31



the impact of natural disasters, terrorism and other events beyond the Company’s control;
the Company’s ability to maximize, assert and defend its intellectual property rights;
any infringement or claimed infringement by the Company of third-party intellectual property rights;
the on-going effects of the Tax Act on the Company, including as a result of any additional Congressional, administrative or other actions, or other guidance related to the Tax Act;
uncertainties relating to tax positions, tax disputes and changes in the Company’s tax rate;
the effect of the Company’s indebtedness and credit rating on its business operations and financial results;
the Company’s ability to pay and declare dividends or repurchase its stock in the future;
the Company’s ability to maintain an effective system of internal controls;
the impacts of potential stockholder activism;
the accuracy of the Company’s estimates and assumptions on which its financial projections are based; and
risks related to the Company’s discontinuation of operations in Venezuela.
The Company’s forward-looking statements in this Report are based on management’s current views, beliefs, assumptions and expectations regarding future events and speak only as of the dates when made. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by the federal securities laws.
In this Report, unless the context requires otherwise, the terms “the Company,” “Clorox,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to The Clorox Company and its subsidiaries.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
There have not been any material changes to the Company’s market risk since June 30, 2018. For additional information, refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Exhibit 99.1 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
The Company’s management, with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this Report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this Report, were effective such that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports filed under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
No change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting occurred during the second fiscal quarter of the fiscal year ending June 30, 2019, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.A. Risk Factors
For information regarding Risk Factors, please refer to Item 1.A. Risk Factors in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2018, and the information in “Cautionary Statement” included in this Report.


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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

In May 2018, the Board of Directors authorized the Company to repurchase up to $2,000 million in shares of common stock on the open market (the 2018 Open-Market Program), which has no expiration date and replaced the prior open-market purchase program with an authorized aggregate purchase amount of up to $750 million, which had not been utilized prior to termination in May 2018.

In August 1999, the Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program to reduce or eliminate dilution upon the issuance of common stock pursuant to the Company’s stock compensation plans (the Evergreen Program). In November 2005, the Board of Directors authorized the extension of the Evergreen Program to reduce or eliminate dilution in connection with issuances of common stock pursuant to the Company’s 2005 Stock Incentive Plan. The Evergreen Program has no expiration date and has no specified limit as to dollar amount and therefore is not included in column [d] below.

The following table sets forth the purchases of the Company’s securities by the Company and any affiliated purchasers within the meaning of Rule 10b-18(a)(3) (17 CFR 240.10b-18(a)(3)) during the second quarter of fiscal year 2019.
 
[a]
 
[b]
 
[c]
 
[d]
Period
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
(1)
 
Average Price Paid
per Share (2)
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs
 
Maximum Number (or
Approximate Dollar
Value) of Shares that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
October 1 to 31, 2018
251,309

 
$
147.11

 
251,309

 
$1,827 million
November 1 to 30, 2018
2,400

 
149.07

 
2,400