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31

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2024
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                       to       
               
comcastmcolorblk165a05.jpg
Commission File Number
Exact Name of Registrant; State of
Incorporation; Address and Telephone
Number of Principal Executive Offices
I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
001-32871
COMCAST CORPORATION
27-0000798
Pennsylvania
One Comcast Center
Philadelphia, PA 19103-2838
(215286-1700

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.01 par valueCMCSAThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
0.000% Notes due 2026CMCS26The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
0.250% Notes due 2027CMCS27The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
1.500% Notes due 2029CMCS29The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
0.250% Notes due 2029CMCS29AThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
0.750% Notes due 2032CMCS32The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
1.875% Notes due 2036CMCS36The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
1.250% Notes due 2040CMCS40The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
5.50% Notes due 2029CCGBP29New York Stock Exchange
2.0% Exchangeable Subordinated Debentures due 2029CCZNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding twelve months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
As of April 15, 2024, there were 3,914,181,673 shares of Comcast Corporation Class A common stock and 9,444,375 shares of Class B common stock outstanding.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
  
  
Page
Number
Item 1.
11
11
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 
Explanatory Note
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is for the three months ended March 31, 2024. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q modifies and supersedes documents filed before it. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) allows us to “incorporate by reference” information that we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you directly to those documents. Information incorporated by reference is considered to be part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In addition, information that we file with the SEC in the future will automatically update and supersede information contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Unless indicated otherwise, throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we refer to Comcast and its consolidated subsidiaries as “Comcast,” “we,” “us” and “our.”
Numerical information in this report is presented on a rounded basis using actual amounts. Minor differences in totals and percentage calculations may exist due to rounding.



CAUTION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes statements that may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements are not historical facts or statements of current conditions, but instead represent only our beliefs regarding future events, many of which, by their nature, are inherently uncertain and outside of our control. These may include estimates, projections and statements relating to our business plans, objectives and expected operating results, which are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “potential,” “strategy,” “future,” “opportunity,” “commit,” “plan,” “goal,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “will,” “would,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result” and similar expressions. In evaluating forward-looking statements, you should consider various factors, including the risks and uncertainties we describe in the “Risk Factors” sections of our Forms 10-K and 10-Q and in other reports we file with the SEC.
Any of these factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by our forward-looking statements, which could adversely affect our businesses, results of operations or financial condition. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date they are made. We undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether because of new information, future events or otherwise.
Our businesses may be affected by, among other things, the following:
our businesses operate in highly competitive and dynamic industries, and our businesses and results of operations could be adversely affected if we do not compete effectively
changes in consumer behavior continue to adversely affect our businesses and challenge existing business models
a decline in advertisers’ expenditures or changes in advertising markets could negatively impact our businesses
our success depends on consumer acceptance of our content, and our businesses may be adversely affected if our content fails to achieve sufficient consumer acceptance
programming expenses for our video services are increasing on a per subscriber basis, which could adversely affect our video businesses
the loss of programming distribution agreements, or the renewal of these agreements on less favorable terms, could adversely affect our businesses
our businesses depend on using and protecting certain intellectual property rights and on not infringing the intellectual property rights of others
we may be unable to obtain necessary hardware, software and operational support
our businesses depend on keeping pace with technological developments
a cyber attack, information or security breach, or technology disruption or failure may negatively impact our ability to conduct our business or result in the misuse of confidential information, all of which could adversely affect our business, reputation and results of operations
weak economic conditions may have a negative impact on our businesses
acquisitions and other strategic initiatives present many risks, and we may not realize the financial and strategic goals that we had contemplated
we face risks relating to doing business internationally that could adversely affect our businesses
natural disasters, severe weather and other uncontrollable events could adversely affect our business, reputation and results of operations
the loss of key management personnel or popular on-air and creative talent could have an adverse effect on our businesses
labor disputes, whether involving employees or sports organizations, may disrupt our operations and adversely affect our businesses
we are subject to regulation by federal, state, local and foreign authorities, which impose additional costs and restrictions on our businesses
unfavorable litigation or governmental investigation results could require us to pay significant amounts or lead to onerous operating procedures



our Class B common stock has substantial voting rights and separate approval rights over several potentially material transactions, and our Chairman and CEO has considerable influence over our company through his beneficial ownership of our Class B common stock



PART I: FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1: FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Comcast Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions, except per share data)20242023
Revenue$30,058 $29,691 
Costs and Expenses:
Programming and production8,823 9,004 
Marketing and promotion2,018 1,963 
Other operating and administrative9,857 9,301 
Depreciation2,175 2,264 
Amortization1,376 1,513 
Total costs and expenses24,248 24,045 
Operating income5,810 5,646 
Interest expense(1,002)(1,010)
Investment and other income (loss), net298 607 
Income before income taxes5,105 5,243 
Income tax expense(1,328)(1,476)
Net income3,777 3,767 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(79)(67)
Net income attributable to Comcast Corporation$3,857 $3,834 
Basic earnings per common share attributable to Comcast Corporation shareholders
$0.97 $0.91 
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to Comcast Corporation shareholders
$0.97 $0.91 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
1


Comcast Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited) 
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Net income$3,777 $3,767 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (expense) benefit:
Currency translation adjustments, net of deferred taxes of $(21) and $(2)
(436)778 
Cash flow hedges:
Deferred gains (losses), net of deferred taxes of $(1) and $9
19 (14)
Realized (gains) losses reclassified to net income, net of deferred taxes of $(1) and $8
1 (47)
Employee benefit obligations and other, net of deferred taxes of $5 and $1
(24)(6)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
(440)711 
Comprehensive income3,337 4,478 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(79)(67)
Less: Other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests(13)(3)
Comprehensive income attributable to Comcast Corporation$3,429 $4,547 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


Comcast Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited) 
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Operating Activities
Net income$3,777 $3,767 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization3,551 3,777 
Share-based compensation373 359 
Noncash interest expense (income), net103 78 
Net (gain) loss on investment activity and other(164)(517)
Deferred income taxes(17)82 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions and divestitures:
Current and noncurrent receivables, net643 363 
Film and television costs, net124 13 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses related to trade creditors(446)(651)
Other operating assets and liabilities(97)(43)
Net cash provided by operating activities7,848 7,228 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures(2,630)(2,664)
Cash paid for intangible assets(679)(765)
Construction of Universal Beijing Resort(108)(87)
Proceeds from sales of businesses and investments274 343 
Purchases of investments(404)(149)
Other35 (48)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(3,511)(3,370)
Financing Activities
Proceeds from (repayments of) short-term borrowings, net (660)
Proceeds from borrowings26 1,059 
Repurchases and repayments of debt(289)(49)
Repurchases of common stock under repurchase program and employee plans(2,664)(2,176)
Dividends paid(1,193)(1,174)
Other97 (82)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(4,023)(3,082)
Impact of foreign currency on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(10)20 
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash304 796 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period6,282 4,782 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$6,586 $5,577 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


Comcast Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except share data)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Assets
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$6,515 $6,215 
Receivables, net13,144 13,813 
Other current assets4,319 3,959 
Total current assets23,978 23,987 
Film and television costs12,757 12,920 
Investments9,548 9,385 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $59,163 and $58,701
59,918 59,686 
Goodwill58,668 59,268 
Franchise rights59,365 59,365 
Other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $31,023 and $30,290
27,063 27,867 
Other noncurrent assets, net12,304 12,333 
Total assets$263,601 $264,811 
Liabilities and Equity
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses related to trade creditors$11,792 $12,437 
Accrued participations and residuals1,583 1,671 
Deferred revenue3,446 3,242 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities11,834 11,613 
Current portion of debt
2,502 2,069 
Advance on sale of investment
9,167 9,167 
Total current liabilities40,324 40,198 
Noncurrent portion of debt
94,071 95,021 
Deferred income taxes25,978 26,003 
Other noncurrent liabilities19,935 20,122 
Commitments and contingencies
Redeemable noncontrolling interests243 241 
Equity:
Preferred stock—authorized, 20,000,000 shares; issued, zero
  
Class A common stock, $0.01 par value—authorized, 7,500,000,000 shares; issued, 4,798,654,750 and 4,842,108,959; outstanding, 3,925,863,722 and 3,969,317,931
48 48 
Class B common stock, $0.01 par value—authorized, 75,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding, 9,444,375
  
Additional paid-in capital38,274 38,533 
Retained earnings53,425 52,892 
Treasury stock, 872,791,028 Class A common shares
(7,517)(7,517)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(1,680)(1,253)
Total Comcast Corporation shareholders’ equity82,549 82,703 
Noncontrolling interests500 523 
Total equity83,049 83,226 
Total liabilities and equity$263,601 $264,811 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


Comcast Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions, except per share data)20242023
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests
Balance, beginning of period$241 $411 
Contributions from (distributions to) noncontrolling interests, net
(10)(7)
Net income
12 17 
Balance, end of period$243 $422 
Class A Common Stock
Balance, beginning of period$48 $51 
Repurchases of common stock under repurchase program and employee plans
  
Balance, end of period$48 $50 
Additional Paid-In Capital
Balance, beginning of period$38,533 $39,412 
Share-based compensation323 293 
Repurchases of common stock under repurchase program and employee plans(645)(521)
Issuances of common stock under employee plans62 76 
Other1 2 
Balance, end of period$38,274 $39,262 
Retained Earnings
Balance, beginning of period$52,892 $51,609 
Repurchases of common stock under repurchase program and employee plans(2,082)(1,688)
Dividends declared(1,243)(1,231)
Net income
3,857 3,834 
Balance, end of period$53,425 $52,524 
Treasury Stock at Cost
Balance, beginning and end of period
$(7,517)$(7,517)
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance, beginning of period$(1,253)$(2,611)
Other comprehensive income (loss)(427)713 
Balance, end of period$(1,680)$(1,898)
Noncontrolling Interests
Balance, beginning of period$523 $684 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(13)(3)
Contributions from (distributions to) noncontrolling interests, net
81 15 
Net income (loss)(91)(84)
Balance, end of period$500 $612 
Total equity$83,049 $83,033 
Cash dividends declared per common share$0.31 $0.29 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


Comcast Corporation
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1: Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Basis of Presentation
We have prepared these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements based on SEC rules that permit reduced disclosure for interim periods. These financial statements include all adjustments that are necessary for a fair presentation of our consolidated results of operations, cash flows and financial condition for the periods shown, including normal, recurring accruals and other items. The consolidated results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of results for the full year.
The year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”). For a more complete discussion of our accounting policies and certain other information, refer to our consolidated financial statements included in our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Segment Disclosures
In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued updated accounting guidance related to annual and interim segment disclosures. The updated accounting guidance, among other things, requires disclosure of certain significant segment expenses. We will adopt the updated accounting guidance in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2024.
Income Tax Disclosures
In December 2023, the FASB issued updated accounting guidance related to income tax disclosures. The updated accounting guidance, among other things, requires additional disclosure primarily related to the income tax rate reconciliation and income taxes paid. We will adopt the updated accounting guidance in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2025.
Note 2: Segment Information
We are a global media and technology company with two primary businesses: Connectivity & Platforms and Content & Experiences. We present the operations of (1) our Connectivity & Platforms business in two segments: Residential Connectivity & Platforms and Business Services Connectivity; and (2) our Content & Experiences business in three segments: Media, Studios and Theme Parks.
Our financial data by segment is presented in the tables below. We do not present asset information for our segments as this information is not used to allocate resources and capital.
Three Months Ended March 31,
 20242023
(in millions)
Revenue(a)
Adjusted EBITDA(b)
Revenue(a)
Adjusted EBITDA(b)
Connectivity & Platforms
Residential Connectivity & Platforms$17,868 $6,852 $17,869 $6,762 
Business Services Connectivity2,407 1,366 2,283 1,332 
Connectivity & Platforms20,275 8,218 20,153 8,093 
Content & Experiences
Media6,371 827 6,152 880 
Studios2,743 244 2,956 277 
Theme Parks1,979 632 1,949 658 
Headquarters and Other12 (243)19 (232)
Eliminations(a)
(731)33 (817)24 
Content & Experiences10,374 1,493 10,259 1,607 
Corporate and Other767 (329)707 (288)
Eliminations(a)
(1,358)(26)(1,427)3 
Comcast Consolidated$30,058 $9,355 $29,691 $9,415 
6


Comcast Corporation
(a)Included in Eliminations are transactions that our segments enter into with one another. The most significant of these transactions include distribution revenue in Media related to fees from Residential Connectivity & Platforms for the rights to distribute television programming and content licensing revenue in Studios for licenses of owned content to Media.
A summary of revenue for each of our segments resulting from transactions with other segments and eliminated in consolidation is presented in the table below.
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Connectivity & Platforms
Residential Connectivity & Platforms$38 $53 
Business Services Connectivity 6  
Content & Experiences
Media1,149 1,167 
Studios838 962 
Theme Parks  
Headquarters and Other8 8 
Corporate and Other51 54 
Total intersegment revenue$2,089 $2,244 
(b)We use Adjusted EBITDA as the measure of profit or loss for our operating segments. From time to time we may report the impact of certain events, gains, losses or other charges related to our operating segments within Corporate and Other. Our reconciliation of the aggregate amount of Adjusted EBITDA for our segments to consolidated income before income taxes is presented in the table below.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)
20242023
Adjusted EBITDA$9,355 $9,415 
Adjustments6 8 
Depreciation(2,175)(2,264)
Amortization(1,376)(1,513)
Interest expense
(1,002)(1,010)
Investment and other income (loss), net298 607 
Income (loss) before income taxes$5,105 $5,243 
Adjustments represent the impact of certain events, gains, losses or other charges that are excluded from Adjusted EBITDA, including costs related to our investment portfolio.
7


Comcast Corporation
Note 3: Revenue
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Domestic broadband$6,591 $6,343 
Domestic wireless972 858 
International connectivity1,116 897 
Total residential connectivity8,679 8,099 
Video6,876 7,382 
Advertising951 907 
Other1,362 1,482 
Total Residential Connectivity & Platforms17,868 17,869 
Total Business Services Connectivity2,407 2,283 
Total Connectivity & Platforms20,275 20,153 
Domestic advertising2,025 2,025 
Domestic distribution2,906 2,709 
International networks1,021 1,008 
Other420 410 
Total Media6,371 6,152 
Content licensing2,101 2,344 
Theatrical330 319 
Other312 292 
Total Studios2,743 2,956 
Total Theme Parks1,979 1,949 
Headquarters and Other12 19 
Eliminations(a)
(731)(817)
Total Content & Experiences10,374 10,259 
Corporate and Other767 707 
Eliminations(a)
(1,358)(1,427)
Total revenue$30,058 $29,691 
(a)Included in Eliminations are transactions that our segments enter into with one another. See Note 2 for additional information on these transactions.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Receivables, gross$13,860 $14,511 
Less: Allowance for credit losses716 698 
Receivables, net$13,144 $13,813 
The following table summarizes our other balances that are not separately presented in our condensed consolidated balance sheets that relate to the recognition of revenue and collection of the related cash.
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Noncurrent receivables, net (included in other noncurrent assets, net)$1,899 $1,914 
Noncurrent deferred revenue (included in other noncurrent liabilities)$622 $618 
8


Comcast Corporation
Our accounts receivables include amounts not yet billed related to equipment installment plans, as summarized in the table below.
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Receivables, net$1,708 $1,695 
Noncurrent receivables, net (included in other noncurrent assets, net)1,201 1,223 
Total$2,909 $2,918 
Note 4: Programming and Production Costs
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Video distribution programming$3,020 $3,191 
Film and television content:
Owned(a)
2,562 2,734
   Licensed, including sports rights2,924 2,732
Other317 347
Total programming and production costs$8,823 $9,004 
(a) Amount includes amortization of owned content of $2.1 billion and $2.2 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively, as well as participations and residuals expenses.
Capitalized Film and Television Costs
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Owned:
In production and in development$2,821 $2,893 
Completed, not released383 317 
Released, less amortization4,188 4,340 
7,392 7,551 
Licensed, including sports advances5,365 5,369 
Film and television costs$12,757 $12,920 
Note 5: Debt
As of March 31, 2024, our debt had a carrying value of $96.6 billion and an estimated fair value of $89.5 billion. As of December 31, 2023, our debt had a carrying value of $97.1 billion and an estimated fair value of $92.2 billion. The estimated fair value of our publicly traded debt was primarily based on Level 1 inputs that use quoted market value for the debt. The estimated fair value of debt for which there are no quoted market prices was based on Level 2 inputs that use interest rates available to us for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities.
Note 6: Investments and Variable Interest Entities
Investment and Other Income (Loss), Net
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Equity in net income (losses) of investees, net$158 $485 
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on equity securities, net
(51)(6)
Other income (loss), net191 128 
Investment and other income (loss), net$298 $607 
The amount of unrealized gains (losses), net recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 that related to marketable and nonmarketable equity securities still held as of the end of each reporting period was $(70) million and $(24) million, respectively.
9


Comcast Corporation
Investments
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Equity method$7,850 $7,615 
Marketable equity securities56 39 
Nonmarketable equity securities1,410 1,482 
Other investments562 559 
Total investments9,878 9,694 
Less: Current investments330 310 
Noncurrent investments$9,548 $9,385 
Equity Method Investments
The amount of cash distributions received from equity method investments presented within operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows in the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was $32 million and $20 million, respectively.
Atairos
Atairos is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) that follows investment company accounting and records its investments at their fair values each reporting period with the net gains or losses reflected in its statement of operations. We recognize our share of these gains and losses in equity in net income (losses) of investees, net. For the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, we made cash capital contributions to Atairos totaling $13 million and $14 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, our investment in Atairos, inclusive of certain distributions retained by Atairos on our behalf and classified as advances within other investments, was $5.7 billion and $5.5 billion, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, our remaining unfunded capital commitment was $1.4 billion.
Other Investments
Other investments also includes investments in certain short-term instruments, which totaled $259 million and $254 million as of March 31, 2024 and December 31, 2023, respectively. The carrying amounts of these investments approximate their fair values, which are primarily based on Level 2 inputs that use interest rates for instruments with similar terms and remaining maturities. Proceeds from short-term instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were $255 million and $304 million, respectively. Purchases of short-term instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2024 were $257 million. There were no purchases of short-term instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2023.
Consolidated Variable Interest Entity
Universal Beijing Resort
We own a 30% interest in a Universal theme park and resort in Beijing, China (“Universal Beijing Resort”). Universal Beijing Resort is a consolidated VIE with the remaining interest owned by a consortium of Chinese state-owned companies. The construction was funded through a combination of debt financing and equity contributions from the partners in accordance with their equity interests. As of March 31, 2024, Universal Beijing Resort had $3.5 billion of debt outstanding, including $3.1 billion principal amount of a term loan outstanding under the debt financing agreement. As of December 31, 2023, Universal Beijing Resort had $3.5 billion of debt outstanding, including $3.1 billion principal amount of a term loan outstanding under the debt financing agreement.
As of March 31, 2024, our condensed consolidated balance sheets included assets and liabilities of Universal Beijing Resort totaling $7.5 billion and $7.1 billion, respectively. As of December 31, 2023, our condensed consolidated balance sheets included assets and liabilities of Universal Beijing Resort totaling $7.8 billion and $7.2 billion, respectively. The assets and liabilities of Universal Beijing Resort primarily consist of property and equipment, operating lease assets and liabilities, and debt.
10


Comcast Corporation
Note 7: Equity and Share-Based Compensation
Weighted-Average Common Shares Outstanding
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding – basic3,959 4,208 
Effect of dilutive securities34 19 
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding – diluted3,992 4,227 
Antidilutive securities162 202 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding used in calculating diluted earnings per common share attributable to Comcast Corporation shareholders (“diluted EPS”) considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities using the treasury stock method. Antidilutive securities represent the number of potential common shares related to share-based compensation awards that were excluded from diluted EPS because their effect would have been antidilutive.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Cumulative translation adjustments$(2,019)$(1,596)
Deferred gains (losses) on cash flow hedges70 49 
Unrecognized gains (losses) on employee benefit obligations and other269 293 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of deferred taxes$(1,680)$(1,253)
Share-Based Compensation
Our share-based compensation plans consist primarily of awards of restricted share units (“RSUs”) and stock options to certain employees and directors as part of our approach to long-term incentive compensation. Additionally, through our employee stock purchase plans, employees are able to purchase shares of our common stock at a discount through payroll deductions.
In March 2024, we granted 31 million RSUs and 3 million stock options related to our annual management awards. The weighted-average fair values associated with these grants were $42.62 per RSU and $9.49 per stock option. During the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, share-based compensation expense recognized in our condensed consolidated statements of income was $303 million and $295 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2024, we had unrecognized pretax compensation expense of $2.8 billion related to nonvested RSUs and nonvested stock options.
Note 8: Supplemental Financial Information
Cash Payments for Interest and Income Taxes
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Interest$731 $766 
Income taxes$349 $148 
Noncash Activities
During the three months ended March 31, 2024:
we acquired $2.0 billion of property and equipment and intangible assets that were accrued but unpaid
we recorded a liability of $1.2 billion for a quarterly cash dividend of $0.31 per common share paid in April 2024
During the three months ended March 31, 2023:
we acquired $2.1 billion of property and equipment and intangible assets that were accrued but unpaid
we recorded a liability of $1.2 billion for a quarterly cash dividend of $0.29 per common share paid in April 2023
11


Comcast Corporation
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported in the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the total of the amounts reported in our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.
(in millions)March 31,
2024
December 31,
2023
Cash and cash equivalents$6,515 $6,215 
Restricted cash included in other current assets and other noncurrent assets, net71 67 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$6,586 $6,282 
Note 9: Commitments and Contingencies
Contingencies
We are subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. While the amount of ultimate liability with respect to such proceedings and claims is not expected to materially affect our results of operations, cash flows or financial position, any such legal proceedings or claims could be time-consuming and injure our reputation.
12

ITEM 2: MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes (“Notes”) included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our 2023 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Overview
We are a global media and technology company with two primary businesses: Connectivity & Platforms and Content & Experiences. We present the operations of (1) our Connectivity & Platforms business in two segments: Residential Connectivity & Platforms and Business Services Connectivity; and (2) our Content & Experiences business in three segments: Media, Studios and Theme Parks.
Consolidated Operating Results
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions, except per share data)20242023%
Revenue$30,058 $29,691 1.2 %
Costs and Expenses:
Programming and production8,823 9,004 (2.0)
Marketing and promotion2,018 1,963 2.8 
Other operating and administrative
9,857 9,301 6.0 
Depreciation2,175 2,264 (3.9)
Amortization
1,376 1,513 (9.1)
Total costs and expenses24,248 24,045 0.8 
Operating income
5,810 5,646 2.9 
Interest expense (1,002)(1,010)(0.7)
Investment and other income (loss), net298 607 (51.0)
Income before income taxes
5,105 5,243 (2.6)
Income tax expense
(1,328)(1,476)(10.1)
Net income
3,777 3,767 0.3
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests (79)(67)18.9 
Net income attributable to Comcast Corporation
$3,857 $3,834 0.6 %
Basic earnings per common share attributable to Comcast Corporation shareholders
$0.97 $0.91 6.9 %
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to Comcast Corporation shareholders
$0.97 $0.91 6.5 %
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding – basic
3,959 4,208 (5.9)%
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding – diluted
3,992 4,227 (5.6)%
Adjusted EBITDA(a)
$9,355 $9,415 (0.6)%
(a)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section on page 22 for additional information, including our definition and our use of Adjusted EBITDA, and for a reconciliation from net income attributable to Comcast Corporation to Adjusted EBITDA.
Consolidated revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily driven by an increase in the Content & Experiences business and in Corporate and Other. Revenue for our segments and other businesses is discussed separately below under the heading “Segment Operating Results.”
Consolidated costs and expenses, excluding depreciation and amortization expense, increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily driven by increases in the Content & Experiences business and in Corporate and Other. Costs and expenses for our segments and our corporate operations and other businesses are discussed separately below under the heading “Segment Operating Results.”
Consolidated depreciation and amortization expense decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily due to decreased amortization of software.
13

Amortization expense from acquisition-related intangible assets totaled $569 million and $556 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Amounts primarily relate to customer relationship intangible assets recorded in connection with the Sky transaction in 2018 and the NBCUniversal transaction in 2011.
Consolidated interest expense remained consistent for the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily due to interest expense in the prior year associated with our collateralized obligation which was repaid in the fourth quarter of 2023, offset by an increase in average debt outstanding and higher weighted-average interest rates.
Consolidated investment and other income (loss), net decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20242023
Equity in net income (losses) of investees, net$158 $485 
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on equity securities, net(51)(6)
Other income (loss), net191 128 
Total investment and other income (loss), net$298 $607 
The change in equity in net income (losses) of investees, net was primarily due to our investment in Atairos. The income (losses) at Atairos were driven by fair value adjustments on its underlying investments with income (loss) of $195 million and $524 million for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
The change in realized and unrealized gains (losses) on equity securities, net for the three months ended March 31, 2024 was primarily due to gains on marketable securities in the prior year period and higher losses on nonmarketable securities in the current year period.
The change in other income (loss), net for the three months ended March 31, 2024 primarily resulted from a gain related to an equity method investment in the current year period.
Consolidated income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 reflects an effective income tax rate that differs from the federal statutory rate due to state and foreign income taxes and adjustments associated with uncertain tax positions. The decrease in income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 was primarily driven by lower domestic income before income taxes.
Consolidated net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests changed for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared with the same period in 2023 primarily due to an increase in losses in our Xumo streaming platform joint venture, partially offset by a decrease in losses at Universal Beijing Resort in the current year period.
14

Segment Operating Results
Our segment operating results are presented based on how we assess operating performance and internally report financial information. See Note 2 for additional information on our segments.
Connectivity & Platforms Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
Constant Currency Change(b)
(in millions)20242023%%
Revenue
Residential Connectivity & Platforms$17,868 $17,869 — %(0.8)%
Business Services Connectivity2,407 2,283 5.4 5.4 
Total Connectivity & Platforms revenue$20,275 $20,153 0.6 %(0.1)%
Adjusted EBITDA
Residential Connectivity & Platforms$6,852 $6,762 1.3 %1.1 %
Business Services Connectivity1,366 1,332 2.6 2.6 
Total Connectivity & Platforms Adjusted EBITDA$8,218 $8,093 1.5 %1.3 %
Adjusted EBITDA Margin(a)
Residential Connectivity & Platforms38.3 %37.8 % 50 bps  60 bps
Business Services Connectivity56.7 58.3 (160) bps (160) bps
Total Connectivity & Platforms Adjusted EBITDA margin40.5 %40.2 % 30 bps  50 bps
(a)Our Adjusted EBITDA margin is Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenue. We believe this metric is useful particularly as we continue to focus on growing our higher-margin businesses and improving overall operating cost management. Change in Adjusted EBITDA margin reflects the year-over-year basis point change.
(b)Constant currency is a non-GAAP financial measure. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section on page 22 for additional information, including our definition and our use of constant currency, and for a reconciliation of constant currency amounts.
We continue to focus on growing our higher-margin connectivity businesses while managing overall operating costs. We also continue to invest in our network to support higher-speed broadband offerings and to expand the number of homes and businesses passed. An increasingly competitive environment and continued low domestic household move levels have had negative impacts on our customer relationships additions/(losses). In addition, if funding for the Affordable Connectivity Program, which provides a monthly discount towards broadband service for eligible low-income households, expires without renewal by Congress during the second quarter of 2024, our residential broadband customer relationships may be negatively impacted. We believe our residential connectivity revenue will increase as a result of growth in average domestic broadband revenue per customer, as well as increases in domestic wireless and international connectivity revenue. At the same time, we expect continued declines in video revenue as a result of domestic customer net losses due to shifting video consumption patterns and the competitive environment, although customer net losses typically mitigate the impact of continued rate increases on programming expenses. We also expect continued declines in other revenue related to declines in wireline voice revenue. We believe our Business Services Connectivity segment will continue to grow by offering competitive services, including to medium-sized and enterprise customers. Global economic conditions and consumer sentiment have in the past, and may continue to, adversely impact demand for our products and services and our results of operations.
15

Connectivity & Platforms Customer Metrics
 Net Additions / (Losses)
 March 31,Three Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)2024202320242023
Customer Relationships
Domestic Residential Connectivity & Platforms customer relationships(a)
31,555 31,826 (94)(34)
International Residential Connectivity & Platforms customer relationships(a)
17,782 18,051 (65)111 
Business Services Connectivity customer relationships(b)
2,634 2,630 (7)
Total Connectivity & Platforms customer relationships51,971 52,507 (166)82 
Domestic Broadband
Residential customers
29,693 29,815 (55)
Business customers2,495 2,508 (10)
Total domestic broadband customers32,188 32,324 (65)
Domestic Wireless
Total domestic wireless lines(c)
6,877 5,668 289 355 
Domestic Video
Total domestic video customers13,618 15,528(487)(614)
Domestic homes and businesses passed(d)
62,72961,624
Domestic broadband penetration of homes and businesses passed(e)
51.1 %52.3 %
(a)Residential Connectivity & Platforms customer relationships generally represent the number of residential customer locations that subscribe to at least one of our services. International Residential Connectivity & Platforms customer relationships represent customers receiving Sky services in the United Kingdom and Italy. Because each of our services includes a variety of product tiers, which may change from time to time, net additions or losses in any one period will reflect a mix of customers at various tiers.
(b)Business Services Connectivity customer metrics are generally counted based on the number of locations receiving services, including locations within our network in the United States, as well as locations outside of our network both in the United States and internationally. Certain arrangements whereby third parties provide connectivity services leveraging our network are also generally counted based on the number of locations served.
(c)Domestic wireless lines represent the number of residential and business customers wireless devices. An individual customer relationship may have multiple wireless lines.
(d)Connectivity & Platforms domestic homes and businesses are considered passed if we can connect them to our network in the United States without further extending the transmission lines. Homes and businesses passed is an estimate based on the best available information.
(e)Penetration is calculated by dividing the number of domestic customers located within our network by the number of domestic homes and businesses passed.

Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
Constant Currency Change(a)
20242023%%
Average monthly total Connectivity & Platforms revenue per customer relationship$129.84 $128.04 1.4 %0.7 %
Average monthly total Connectivity & Platforms Adjusted EBITDA per customer relationship$52.62 $51.42 2.3 %2.1 %
(a)Constant currency is a non-GAAP financial measure. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section on page 22 for additional information, including our definition and our use of constant currency, and for a reconciliation of constant currency amounts.

Average monthly total revenue per customer relationship is impacted by rate adjustments and changes in the types and levels of services received by our residential and business customers, as well as changes in advertising and other revenue and in foreign currency exchange rates. While revenue from our individual service offerings is also impacted by changes in the allocation of revenue among services sold in a bundle, the allocation does not impact average monthly total revenue per customer relationship. Each of our services has a different contribution to Adjusted EBITDA margin. We use average monthly Adjusted EBITDA per customer relationship to evaluate the profitability of our customer base across our service offerings. We believe both metrics are useful to understand the trends in our business, and average monthly Adjusted EBITDA per customer relationship is useful particularly as we continue to focus on growing our higher-margin businesses.
16

Connectivity & Platforms — Supplemental Costs and Expenses Information
Connectivity & Platforms supplemental costs and expenses information in the table below is presented on an aggregate basis across the Connectivity & Platforms segments as the segments use certain shared infrastructure, including our network in the United States. Costs and expenses information reported separately for the Residential Connectivity & Platforms and Business Services Connectivity segments include each segment’s direct costs and an allocation of shared costs.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
Constant Currency Change(g)
(in millions)20242023%%
Costs and Expenses
Programming(a)
$4,405 $4,600 (4.2)%(5.1)%
Technical and support(b)
1,959 1,830 7.0 6.4 
Direct product costs(c)
1,514 1,401 8.1 5.9 
Marketing and promotion(d)
1,173 1,202 (2.5)(3.2)
Customer service(e)
709 709 — (0.7)
Other(f)
2,297 2,317 (0.9)(1.7)
Total Connectivity & Platforms costs and expenses$12,058 $12,059  %(1.0)%
(a)Programming expenses, which represent our most significant operating expense, are the fees we incur to provide video services to our customers, and primarily include fees related to the distribution of television network programming and fees charged for retransmission of the signals from local broadcast television stations. These expenses also include the costs of content on the Sky-branded entertainment television networks, including amortization of licensed content.
(b)Technical and support expenses primarily include costs for labor to complete service call and installation activities; and costs for network operations and satellite transmission, product development, fulfillment and provisioning.
(c)Direct product costs primarily include access fees related to using wireless and broadband networks owned by third parties to deliver our services and costs of products sold, including wireless devices and Sky Glass smart televisions.
(d)Marketing and promotion expenses include the costs associated with attracting new customers and promoting our service offerings.
(e)Customer service expenses include the personnel and other costs associated with customer service and certain selling activities.
(f)Other expenses primarily include administrative personnel costs; franchise and other regulatory fees; fees paid to third parties where we represent the advertising sales efforts; other business support costs, including building and office expenses, taxes and billing costs; and bad debt.
(g)Constant currency is a non-GAAP financial measure. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section on page 22 for additional information, including our definition and our use of constant currency, and for a reconciliation of constant currency amounts.
Residential Connectivity & Platforms Segment Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
Constant Currency Change(a)
(in millions)20242023%%
Revenue
Domestic broadband$6,591 $6,343 3.9 %3.9 %
Domestic wireless972 858 13.3 13.3 
International connectivity1,116 897 24.4 19.4 
Total residential connectivity 8,679 8,099 7.2 6.7 
Video6,876 7,382 (6.9)(7.7)
Advertising951 907 4.9 3.5 
Other1,362 1,482 (8.1)(9.0)
Total revenue17,868 17,869  (0.8)
Costs and Expenses
Programming4,405 4,600 (4.2)(5.1)
Other6,611 6,508 1.6 0.4 
Total costs and expenses11,016 11,108 (0.8)(1.9)
Adjusted EBITDA$6,852 $6,762 1.3 %1.1 %
(a)Constant currency is a non-GAAP financial measure. Refer to the “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section on page 22 for additional information, including our definition and our use of constant currency, and for a reconciliation of constant currency amounts.
Residential Connectivity & Platforms Segment – Revenue
Domestic broadband revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 due to an increase in average rates.
17

Domestic wireless revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 due to an increase in the number of customer lines.
International connectivity revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 due to increases in broadband revenue resulting from an increase in average rates and in wireless revenue resulting from increases in wireless services and sales of wireless devices. These increases include the positive impact of foreign currency.
Video revenue decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 due to a decline in the overall number of residential video customers, partially offset by an overall increase in average rates and the positive impact of foreign currency.
Advertising revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily driven by an increase in domestic political advertising, increased revenue from our advanced advertising business and the positive impact of foreign currency, partially offset by lower domestic advertising.
Other revenue decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to a decrease in residential wireline voice revenue driven by a decline in the number of customers.
Residential Connectivity & Platforms Segment – Costs and Expenses
Programming expenses decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to a decline in the number of domestic video subscribers, partially offset by rate increases under our domestic programming contracts and the impact of foreign currency.
Other expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to higher technical and support expenses, the impact of foreign currency and increased spending on direct product costs, partially offset by decreased spending on marketing and promotion.
Business Services Connectivity Segment Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions)20242023%
Revenue$2,407 $2,283 5.4 %
Costs and expenses1,041 952 9.4 
Adjusted EBITDA$1,366 $1,332 2.6 %
Business services connectivity revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 due to an increase in revenue from small business customers driven by an increase in average rates, and due to an increase in revenue from medium-sized and enterprise customers.
Business services connectivity costs and expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to increases in direct product costs, marketing and promotion expenses, and technical and support expenses.
18

Content & Experiences Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions)20242023%
Revenue
Media$6,371 $6,152 3.6 %
Studios2,743 2,956 (7.2)
Theme Parks1,979 1,949 1.5 
Headquarters and Other12 19 (36.8)
Eliminations(731)(817)10.5 
Total Content & Experiences revenue$10,374 $10,259 1.1 %
Adjusted EBITDA
Media$827 $880 (6.1)%
Studios244 277 (12.2)
Theme Parks632 658 (3.9)
Headquarters and Other(243)(232)(4.8)
Eliminations33 24 36.9 
Total Content & Experiences Adjusted EBITDA$1,493 $1,607 (7.1)%
We operate our Media segment as a combined television and streaming business. We expect that the number of subscribers and audience ratings at our linear television networks will continue to decline as a result of the competitive environment and shifting video consumption patterns, which we aim to mitigate over time by continued growth in paid subscribers and advertising revenue at Peacock. We expect to continue to incur significant costs related to content and marketing at Peacock. Revenue and programming expenses are also impacted by the timing of certain sporting events, including the Olympics in the third quarter of 2024. Global economic conditions and consumer sentiment have in the past, and may continue to, adversely impact demand for our products and services and our results of operations.
Our Studios segment generates revenue primarily from third parties and from licensing content to our Media segment. While results of operations for our Studios segment are not impacted, results for our total Content & Experiences business may be impacted as the Studios segment licenses content to the Media segment, including for Peacock, rather than licensing the content to third parties.
We continue to invest significantly in existing and new theme park attractions, hotels and infrastructure, including Epic Universe in Orlando, as well as in new destinations and experiences which we believe will have a positive impact on attendance and guest spending at our theme parks.
Media Segment Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions)20242023%
Revenue
Domestic advertising$2,025 $2,025 — %
Domestic distribution2,906 2,709 7.2 
International networks1,021 1,008 1.3 
Other420 410 2.5 
Total revenue6,371 6,152 3.6 
Costs and Expenses
Programming and production4,140 3,989 3.8 
Marketing and promotion314 305 3.0 
Other1,090 978 11.5 
Total costs and expenses5,545 5,272 5.2 
Adjusted EBITDA$827 $880 (6.1)%

19

Media Segment – Revenue
Domestic advertising revenue remained consistent for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to a decrease in revenue at our linear television networks, offset by an increase in revenue at Peacock.
Domestic distribution revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to an increase in Peacock paid subscribers, partially offset by a decrease in revenue at our linear television networks. The decrease at our networks was primarily due to a decline in the number of subscribers, partially offset by contractual rate increases.
International networks revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to the positive impact of foreign currency.
* * *
Media segment total revenue included $1.1 billion and $685 million related to Peacock for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. We had 34 million and 22 million paid subscribers of Peacock as of March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively. Peacock paid subscribers represent customers from which Peacock receives a subscription fee on a retail or wholesale basis. Paid subscribers do not include certain customers that receive Peacock as part of bundled services where Peacock does not receive fees.
Media Segment – Costs and Expenses
Programming and production costs increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to higher programming costs at Peacock and an increase in domestic sports programming costs for our television networks. This increase was partially offset by a decrease in international sports programming costs driven by the shift of certain European football matches and the related programming expense to the first half of 2023 due to timing of the 2022 FIFA World Cup and a decrease in content costs for our entertainment television networks.
Marketing and promotion expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to higher costs related to marketing for Peacock.
Other expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to an increase in costs related to Peacock.
* * *
Media segment total costs and expenses included $1.7 billion and $1.4 billion related to Peacock for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Studios Segment Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions)20242023%
Revenue
Content licensing$2,101 $2,344 (10.4)%
Theatrical330 319 3.4 
Other312 292 6.6 
Total revenue2,743 2,956 (7.2)
Costs and Expenses
Programming and production1,859 2,101 (11.5)
Marketing and promotion431 397 8.5 
Other209 180 16.3 
Total costs and expenses2,499 2,678 (6.7)
Adjusted EBITDA$244 $277 (12.2)%
Studios Segment – Revenue
Content licensing revenue decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to the timing of when content was made available by our film studios.
Theatrical revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to higher revenue from recent releases, including Kung Fu Panda 4 and Migration, compared to revenue from releases in the prior year period, including Puss in Boots: The Last Wish and M3GAN.
20

Studios Segment – Costs and Expenses
Programming and production costs decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to lower costs associated with content licensing.
Marketing and promotion expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to increased spending on recent and upcoming theatrical film releases in the current year period.
Theme Parks Segment Results of Operations
Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions)20242023%
Revenue$1,979 $1,949 1.5 %
Costs and expenses1,347 1,291 4.3 
Adjusted EBITDA$632 $658 (3.9)%
Theme parks segment revenue increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 driven by an increase at our domestic theme parks in the current year period. International theme parks revenue was consistent with the prior year period as the underlying revenue increases at our theme parks were offset by the negative impact of foreign currency.
Theme parks segment costs and expenses increased for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the same period in 2023 primarily due to higher marketing and promotion costs, partially offset by the impact of foreign currency.
Content & Experiences Headquarters, Other and Eliminations
Headquarters and Other Results of Operations
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Change
(in millions)