10-Q 1 cnda-20230930x10q.htm 10-Q
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to

Concord Acquisition Corp II

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

001-40773

86-2171101

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(Commission File Number)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

477 Madison Avenue

New York, NY

10022

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 883-4330

Not Applicable

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class:

Trading

Symbol:

Name of Each Exchange on

Which Registered:

Units, each consisting of one share of Class A common stock and one-third of one redeemable warrant

CNDA.U

The New York Stock Exchange

Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share

CNDA

The New York Stock Exchange

Redeemable warrants, each whole warrant exercisable for one share of Class A common stock at an exercise price of $11.50

CNDA.WS

The New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No 

As of November 6, 2023, there were 14,699,019 shares of Class A common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, and 7,002,438 shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, issued and outstanding.

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

Table of Contents

PAGE

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

1

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

Condensed Balance Sheets

1

Condensed Statements of Operations (Unaudited)

2

Condensed Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit (Unaudited)

3

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)

4

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited)

5

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

21

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

24

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

25

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

26

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

26

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

26

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities, Use of Proceeds, and Issuer Purchase of Equity Securities

27

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

27

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

27

Item 5.

Other Information

27

Item 6.

Exhibits

28

i

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

    

September 30, 2023

    

December 31, 2022

(unaudited)

Assets

Cash

$

605,724

$

1,081,413

Prepaid expenses

 

113,648

 

291,527

Total Current Assets

719,372

1,372,940

Marketable securities and cash held in Trust Account

152,623,541

283,479,610

Total Assets

$

153,342,913

$

284,852,550

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

 

  

 

  

Due to related party

$

4,875

$

12,178

Accrued income taxes

99,626

385,364

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

1,147,493

107,556

Excise tax payable

1,360,357

Total Current Liabilities

2,612,351

505,098

Warrant liability

 

1,536,806

 

1,705,243

Deferred underwriters’ discount

 

9,803,413

 

9,803,413

Total Liabilities

 

13,952,570

 

12,013,754

 

  

 

  

Commitments and Contingencies

 

  

 

  

Common stock subject to possible redemption, 14,699,019 and 28,009,750 shares at redemption value of $10.38 and $10.10 at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

152,626,858

283,033,156

 

 

  

Stockholders’ Deficit:

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding, excluding 14,699,019 and 28,009,750 shares subject to possible redemption at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

 

 

Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 7,002,438 shares issued and outstanding

 

700

 

700

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(13,237,215)

 

(10,195,060)

Total Stockholders’ Deficit

 

(13,236,515)

 

(10,194,360)

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit

$

153,342,913

$

284,852,550

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

1

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30, 

September 30, 

    

2023

    

2022

    

2023

    

2022

Operating costs

$

1,391,861

$

270,213

$

2,005,514

$

883,350

Loss from operations

(1,391,861)

(270,213)

(2,005,514)

(883,350)

Other income, net:

Other income

1,655

5,228

Income from investments held in Trust Account

3,088,363

1,264,480

9,501,203

1,684,780

Change in fair value of warrant liability

(947,343)

144,138

168,437

10,992,894

Total other income, net

2,142,675

1,408,618

9,674,868

12,677,674

Income before provision for income taxes

750,814

1,138,405

7,669,354

11,794,324

Provision for income taxes

(638,404)

(255,041)

(1,964,898)

(293,686)

Net income

$

112,410

$

883,364

$

5,704,456

$

11,500,638

 

 

 

 

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, Class A common stock subject to possible redemption

 

24,392,704

28,009,750

26,790,819

28,009,750

Basic and diluted net income per share, Class A common stock subject to possible redemption

$

0.00

$

0.03

$

0.17

$

0.33

 

Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, Class B common stock

 

7,002,438

7,002,438

7,002,438

7,002,438

Basic and diluted net income per share, Class B common stock

$

0.00

$

0.03

$

0.17

$

0.33

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

2

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

(Unaudited)

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

Class A

Class B

Additional

    

Preferred Stock

    

Common Stock

    

Common Stock (1)

    

Paid-In

    

Accumulated

    

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Deficit

Balance as of January 1, 2023

$

$

7,002,438

$

700

$

$

(10,195,060)

$

(10,194,360)

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

(4,986,295)

(4,986,295)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,592,046

 

5,592,046

Balance as of June 30, 2023

7,002,438

700

(9,589,309)

(9,588,609)

Contribution - non-redemption agreements

1,143,605

1,143,605

Fair value of stockholder non-redemption agreements

(1,143,605)

(1,143,605)

Excise tax payable attributable to redemption of common stock

(1,360,357)

(1,360,357)

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

(2,399,959)

(2,399,959)

Net income

112,410

112,410

Balance as of September 30, 2023

$

$

7,002,438

$

700

$

$

(13,237,215)

$

(13,236,515)

(1)Pursuant to the non-redemption agreement discussed in Note 2, 2,326,496 shares of Class B common stock are subject to forfeiture upon consummation of the Company’s initial Business Combination and 2,326,496 shares of Class A common stock will be allocated to the stockholders agreeing to the Non-Redemption Agreements.

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2022

Class A

Class B

Additional

    

Preferred Stock

    

Common Stock

    

Common Stock

    

Paid-In

    

Accumulated

    

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Deficit

Balance as of January 1, 2022

$

$

7,002,438

$

700

$

$

(21,780,291)

$

(21,779,591)

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

(145,436)

(145,436)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,617,274

 

10,617,274

Balance as of June 30, 2022

 

 

7,002,438

700

(11,308,453)

(11,307,753)

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

(959,440)

(959,440)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

883,364

 

883,364

Balance as of September 30, 2022

 

$

 

$

7,002,438

$

700

$

$

(11,384,529)

$

(11,383,829)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

3

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

For the Nine

Months Ended September 30,

    

2023

    

2022

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

  

Net income

$

5,704,456

$

11,500,638

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

Income from investments held in Trust Account

(9,501,203)

(1,684,780)

Changes in fair value of warrant liability

(168,437)

(10,992,894)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Prepaid expenses

177,879

279,553

Due to related party

 

(7,303)

 

7,294

Accrued income taxes

(285,738)

293,686

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

1,039,937

(181,308)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(3,040,409)

 

(777,811)

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

Cash withdrawn from Trust Account in connection with redemptions

137,792,552

Amounts withdrawn from Trust Account to pay taxes

2,564,720

Net cash provided by investing activities

140,357,272

 

  

 

  

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

Redemption of Common Stock

(137,792,552)

Net cash used in financing activities

(137,792,552)

Net change in cash

 

(475,689)

 

(777,811)

Cash, beginning of the period

 

1,081,413

 

1,763,199

Cash, end of the period

$

605,724

$

985,388

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

Non-cash financing transactions:

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

$

7,386,254

$

1,104,876

Excise tax payable attributable to redemption of common stock

$

1,360,357

$

Non-cash contribution - non-redemption agreements

$

1,143,605

$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION, BUSINESS OPERATIONS AND LIQUIDITY

Organization and General

Concord Acquisition Corp II (the “Company”) is a blank check company incorporated on February 18, 2021, as a Delaware corporation. The Company was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses (“Business Combination”).

As of September 30, 2023, the Company had not commenced any operations. All activity since February 18, 2021 (inception) through September 30, 2023, relates to the Company’s formation, the Initial Public Offering (as defined below) and, subsequent to the Initial Public Offering, identifying a target company for a Business Combination. The Company will not generate any operating revenues until after the completion of its initial Business Combination, at the earliest. The Company will generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on cash and cash equivalents from the proceeds derived from the Initial Public Offering, and non-operating income or expense from the changes in the fair value of warrant liability.

The Company’s sponsors are Concord Sponsor Group II LLC (an affiliate of Atlas Merchant Capital LLC) (the “Sponsor”), and CA2 Co-Investment LLC (an affiliate of one of the underwriters of the Initial Public Offering) (“CA2 Co-Investment” and, together with the Sponsor, the “Sponsors”).

The registration statements for the Initial Public Offering were declared effective by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on August 31, 2021 (the “Effective Date”). On September 3, 2021, the Company consummated the initial public offering (the “Initial Public Offering” or “IPO”) of 25,000,000 units (the “Units” and, with respect to the Class A common stock included in the Units sold, the “public shares”) at $10.00 per Unit, generating gross proceeds of $250,000,000.

Ten qualified institutional buyers or institutional accredited investors that are not affiliated with the Company, the Sponsor, the Company’s directors or any member of the Company’s management (“Anchor Investors”) each expressed to the Company an interest in purchasing up to 9.9% of the units sold in the IPO, at the offering price of $10.00, for an aggregate of up to $247.5 million of units offered. At the closing of the Company’s initial Business Combination, each of the Anchor Investors will be entitled to purchase from the Sponsor 125,000 Founder Shares (as defined in Note 1 below) at their original purchase price of approximately $0.003 per share, or 1,250,000 Founder Shares in the aggregate, subject to each Anchor Investor’s acquisition of 100% of the units allocated to it by the underwriters in the IPO. On September 3, 2021, the Anchor Investors purchased a total of 24,750,000 Units or 99% of the outstanding Units offered in the IPO and as a result, have the right to purchase a total of 1,250,000 Founder Shares from the Sponsor contingent on the closing of a business combination.

Simultaneously with the closing of the IPO, the Company consummated the private placement of 4,262,121 warrants to the Sponsor, 587,879 warrants to CA2 Co-Investment, and 75,000 warrants each to two of the Anchor Investors (together, the “Private Warrants”), each at a price of $1.50 per Private Warrant, generating total proceeds of $7,500,000.

The Company’s Business Combination must be with one or more target businesses that together have a fair market value equal to at least 80% of the net balance in the Trust Account (as defined below) (excluding the amount of deferred underwriting discounts held and taxes payable on the income earned on the Trust Account) at the time of the signing of an agreement to enter into a Business Combination. However, the Company will only complete a Business Combination if the post-Business Combination company owns or acquires 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise acquires a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”). There is no assurance that the Company will be able to successfully effect a Business Combination.

Upon the closing of the Initial Public Offering, an aggregate of $10.00 per Unit sold in the Initial Public Offering, including the proceeds of the sale of the Private Placement Warrants, was held in a trust account (“Trust Account”) and was invested only in U.S. government treasury bills with a maturity of 185 days or less or in money market funds investing solely in U.S. Treasuries and meeting certain conditions under Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act. Except with respect to interest earned on the funds held in the Trust

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

Account that may be released to the Company as described below, the funds held in the Trust Account will not be released from the Trust Account until the earliest of: (1) the completion of the initial Business Combination; (2) the redemption of any public shares properly submitted in connection with a stockholder vote to amend the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (i) to modify the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to provide for the redemption of the public shares in connection with the initial Business Combination or to redeem 100% of the public shares if the Company does not complete the initial Business Combination on or before June 3, 2024 (as discussed below) or (ii) with respect to any other provisions relating to stockholders’ rights or pre-initial Business Combination activity; and (3) the redemption of all of the public shares if the Company has not completed the initial Business Combination on or before June 3, 2024, subject to applicable law. The proceeds deposited in the Trust Account could become subject to the claims of the Company’s creditors, if any, which could have priority over the claims of the public stockholders.

The Company will provide its public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their public shares upon the completion of the initial Business Combination either: (1) in connection with a stockholder meeting called to approve the Business Combination; or (2) by means of a tender offer. Except as required by applicable law or stock exchange rules, the decision as to whether the Company will seek stockholder approval of a proposed Business Combination or conduct a tender offer will be made by the Company, solely in its discretion. The public stockholders will be entitled to redeem all or a portion of their public shares upon the completion of the initial Business Combination at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the Trust Account, calculated as of two business days prior to the consummation of the initial Business Combination, including interest (which interest shall be net of taxes payable), divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, subject to the limitations. As of September 30, 2023, the amount in the Trust Account redeemable by common stockholders is approximately $10.38 per public share.

The shares of common stock subject to redemption were recorded at redemption value and classified as temporary equity upon the completion of the Initial Public Offering, in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” In such case, the Company will proceed with a Business Combination, among other things, if the Company seeks stockholder approval, a majority of the issued and outstanding shares voted are voted in favor of the Business Combination.

In August 2023, the Company and the Sponsor entered into Non-Redemption Agreements with a number of the Company’s stockholders in exchange for them agreeing not to redeem shares of the Company’s Class A common stock sold in the IPO (the “Non-Redeemed Shares”) in connection with the special meeting of stockholders called by the Company and held on August 29, 2023 (described below). In exchange for the foregoing commitments not to redeem such shares, the Company has agreed to allocate to such investors an aggregate of 2,326,496 shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Promote Shares”) and the Sponsor has agreed to surrender and forfeit to the Company for no consideration of a number of shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company equal to the number of Promote Shares upon closing of the initial Business Combination.

On August 29, 2023, the Company’s stockholders approved at the special meeting of stockholders a proposal to amend the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “charter”) to extend the date by which the Company has to consummate a business combination from September 3, 2023 (the “Termination Date”) to June 3, 2024, or such earlier date as may be determined by the board of directors of the Company (such later date, the “Extended Date”). In connection with the votes to approve the Charter Amendment, the holders of 13,310,731 shares of Class A common stock of the Company properly exercised their right to redeem their shares for cash at a redemption price of approximately $10.35 per share, for an aggregate redemption amount of $137,792,552, leaving $152,164,096 in the Trust Account immediately after the redemptions.

Founder Shares

Founder Shares refers to the Class B common stock (the “Founder Shares”) acquired by the Sponsor, officers and board of directors prior to the Company’s IPO.

The Company’s initial stockholders, officers and directors have agreed not to transfer, assign or sell any Founder Shares held by them until the earlier to occur of: (1) one year after the completion of the initial Business Combination; and (2) subsequent to the initial Business Combination, (x) the date on which the Company completes a liquidation, merger, stock exchange, reorganization or other

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

similar transaction that results in all of the public stockholders having the right to exchange their shares of common stock for cash, securities or other property or (y) if the last reported sale price of the Class A common stock equals or exceeds $12.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within any 30-trading day period commencing at least 150 days after the initial Business Combination. Any permitted transferees would be subject to the same restrictions and other agreements of the initial stockholders with respect to any Founder Shares (the “Lock-up”).

Initial Business Combination

The Company will have until June 3, 2024 (the “Combination Period”) to complete the initial Business Combination. If the Company is unable to complete the initial Business Combination within such period or during any additional Extension Period (as defined below), the Company will: (1) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up; (2) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than ten business days thereafter, redeem the public shares, at a per share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the Trust Account, including interest earned on the funds held in the Trust Account (which interest shall be net of taxes payable, and less up to $100,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then outstanding public shares, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidating distributions, if any), (3) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of the Company’s remaining stockholders and the board of directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in each case to the Company’s obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law. There will be no redemption rights or liquidating distributions with respect to their warrants, which will expire worthless if the Company fails to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period.

The Sponsors, officers and directors have agreed to waive: (1) their redemption rights with respect to any Founder Shares and public shares held by them, as applicable, in connection with the completion of the initial Business Combination; (2) their redemption rights with respect to any Founder Shares and public shares held by them in connection with a stockholder vote to approve an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (A) to modify the substance or timing of the obligation to allow redemptions in connection with the initial Business Combination or to redeem 100% of the public shares if the Company has not consummated the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period or (B) with respect to any other provision relating to stockholders’ rights or pre-initial Business Combination activity; and (3) their rights to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account with respect to any Founder Shares they hold if the Company fails to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period or during any extended time that the Company has to consummate a Business Combination beyond the Combination Period as a result of a stockholder vote to amend the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (an “Extension Period”) (although they will be entitled to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account with respect to any public shares they hold if the Company fails to complete the initial Business Combination within the Combination Period).

The Sponsor has agreed that it will be liable to the Company if and to the extent any claims by a third party for services rendered or products sold to the Company, or a prospective target business with which the Company has discussed entering into a transaction agreement, reduce the amount of funds in the Trust Account to below: (1) $10.00 per public share; or (2) such lesser amount per public share held in the Trust Account as of the date of the liquidation of the Trust Account due to reductions in the value of the trust assets, in each case net of the amount of interest which may be withdrawn to pay taxes, except as to any claims by a third party who executed a waiver of any and all rights to seek access to the Trust Account and except as to any claims under the Company’s indemnity of the underwriters of the Initial Public Offering against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Moreover, in the event that an executed waiver is deemed to be unenforceable against a third party, the Sponsors will not be responsible to the extent of any liability for such third-party claims. The Company has not independently verified whether the Sponsor has sufficient funds to satisfy its indemnity obligations and believe that the Sponsor’s only assets are securities of the Company and, therefore, the Sponsor may not be able to satisfy those obligations. The Company has not asked the Sponsor to reserve for such obligations.

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

Liquidity and Going Concern Consideration

As of September 30, 2023, the Company had cash of $605,724 held outside of the Trust Account and available for working capital purposes (which included approximately $133,050 of cash withdrawn by the Company from the Trust Account to pay taxes not yet paid and excluding excise taxes). Further, investment income on the funds held in the Trust Account may be released to the Company to pay taxes (excluding excise taxes) and up to $100,000 to pay dissolution expenses. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company withdrew $2,564,720 from the Trust Account for the payment of franchise and income taxes, and $137,792,552 from the Trust Account in connection with redemptions.

If the estimate of the costs of identifying a target business, undertaking in-depth due diligence and negotiating a Business Combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, the Company may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to a Business Combination. Moreover, the Company may need to obtain additional financing either to complete a Business Combination or because the Company becomes obligated to redeem a significant number of public shares upon consummation of a Business Combination, in which case the Company may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such Business Combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, the Company would only complete such financing simultaneously with the completion of a Business Combination. In addition, following a Business Combination, if cash on hand is insufficient, the Company may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet its obligations.

The Company has until June 3, 2024 to consummate a Business Combination. If a Business Combination is not consummated by this date, there will be a mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution of the Company. Although the Company intends to consummate a Business Combination on or before June 3, 2024, it is uncertain whether the Company will be able to consummate a Business Combination by this time. In connection with the Company’s assessment of going concern considerations in accordance with ASC Subtopic 205-40, “Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern”, Management has determined that the mandatory liquidation, should a Business Combination not occur and potential subsequent dissolution, as well as the potential for the Company to have insufficient funds available to operate its business prior to a Business Combination, raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. No adjustments have been made to the carrying amounts and classification of assets or liabilities should the Company be required to liquidate after June 3, 2024.

Risks and Uncertainties

Management is currently evaluating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the industry and has concluded that while it is reasonably possible that the virus could have a negative effect on the Company’s financial position or search for a target company, the specific impact is not readily determinable as of the date of these unaudited condensed financial statements. The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 2 — SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8-03 of Regulation S-X of the SEC. Certain information or footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes necessary for a complete presentation of financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of a normal recurring nature, which are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, operating results and cash flows for the periods presented.

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, as filed with the SEC on February 27, 2023, which contains the audited financial statements and notes thereto. The accompanying condensed balance sheet as of December 31, 2022, has been derived from those audited financial statements. The interim results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023, or for any future interim periods.

Emerging Growth Company

The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, as modified by the Jumpstart our Business Startups Act of 2012, (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.

Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with another public company which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of unaudited condensed financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited condensed financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company did not have any cash equivalents as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

Marketable Securities and Cash Held in Trust Account

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, investments held in Trust Account consisted of interest bearing demand deposits and mutual funds that invest primarily in US government securities, respectively, and generally have a readily determinable fair value. Such securities and investments in mutual funds are presented on the condensed balance sheets at fair value at the end of the reporting period. Interest, dividends, gains and losses resulting from the change in fair value of these securities are included in income from investments held in Trust Account in the accompanying condensed statements of operations. The estimated fair values of investments held in the Trust Account are determined using available market information.

Concentration of Credit Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of a cash account in a financial institution, which, at times, may exceed the Federal Depository Insurance Coverage of $250,000. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company has not experienced losses on this account.

Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption

The Company accounts for its shares of Class A common stock subject to possible redemption in accordance with the guidance in ASC Topic 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity.” Shares of Class A common stock subject to mandatory redemption (if any) is classified as a liability instrument and is measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable shares of Class A common stock (including shares that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company’s control) is classified as temporary equity. At all other times, shares of Class A common stock are classified as stockholders’ equity.

The Class A common stock sold as part of the Units in the IPO contain a redemption feature which allows for the redemption of such public shares in connection with the Company’s liquidation, if there is a shareholder vote or tender offer in connection with the Business Combination and in connection with certain amendments to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation. In accordance with the accounting treatment for redeemable equity instruments, which has been codified in ASC 480-10-S99, redemption provisions not solely within the control of the Company require Class A common stock subject to redemption to be classified outside of permanent equity. Therefore, all shares of Class A common stock have been classified outside of permanent equity.

The Company recognizes changes in redemption value immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of redeemable common stock to equal the redemption value at the end of each reporting period. Increases or decreases in the carrying amount of redeemable common stock are affected by charges against additional paid-in-capital (to the extent available) and accumulated deficit. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded an increase in the redemption value of $7,386,254 as a result of earnings on the Trust Account that exceed amounts payable for taxes. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, $2,564,720 has been withdrawn by the Company from the Trust Account to pay its tax obligations and $137,792,552 has been withdrawn by the Company from the Trust Account in connection with the redemption of 13,310,731 class A shares.

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the changes in Class A common stock subject to possible redemption is as follows:

    

Shares

    

Amount

Class A common stock subject to possible redemption at January 1, 2022

    

28,009,750

$

280,097,500

Plus:

 

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

 

1,104,876

Class A common stock subject to possible redemption at September 30, 2022

28,009,750

$

281,202,376

Class A common stock subject to possible redemption at January 1, 2023

28,009,750

$

283,033,156

Less:

Redemptions

(13,310,731)

(137,792,552)

Plus:

 

Increase in redemption value of shares subject to possible redemption

7,386,254

Class A common stock subject to possible redemption at September 30, 2023

14,699,019

$

152,626,858

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under the FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the balance sheets, primarily due to their short-term nature.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received for sale of an asset or paid for transfer of a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. GAAP establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). These tiers include:

Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical instruments in active markets;
Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable such as quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and
Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions, such as valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable. In some circumstances, the inputs used to measure fair value might be categorized within different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In those instances, the fair value measurement is categorized in its entirety in the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives in accordance with ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”. Derivative instruments are initially recorded at fair value on the grant date and re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the statement of operations. Derivative assets and liabilities are classified in the condensed balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether net-cash settlement or conversion of the instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date.

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

Stock-Based Compensation

The sale or transfers of the Founder Shares to members of the Company’s board of directors is within the scope of FASB ASC Topic 718, “Compensation-Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”). Under ASC 718, stock-based compensation associated with equity classified awards is measured at fair value upon the grant date. The Founder Shares were effectively sold or transferred subject to a performance condition (i.e., the occurrence of a Business Combination). Compensation expense related to the Founder Shares is recognized only when the performance condition is probable of occurrence under the applicable accounting literature in this circumstance. A business combination is not probable until it is completed. Stock-based compensation would be recognized at the date a Business Combination is considered probable in an amount equal to the number of Founder Shares times the grant date fair value per share (unless subsequently modified) less the amount initially received for the purchase of the Founder Shares. As of September 30, 2023 and for all prior periods, the Company determined that a Business Combination is not considered probable until the business combination is completed, and therefore, no stock-based compensation expense has been recognized.

Warrant Liability

The Company accounts for the 14,737,883 warrants issued in connection with the Initial Public Offering (the 9,336,583 Public Warrants and the 5,401,300 Private Placement Warrants) in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC 815-40. Such guidance provides that because the warrants do not meet the criteria for equity treatment thereunder, each warrant must be recorded as a liability. Accordingly, the Company classifies each warrant as a liability at its fair value. This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date. With each such re-measurement, the warrant liability will be adjusted to fair value, with the change in fair value recognized in the Company’s condensed statements of operations. See Note 6 for further discussion on the re-measurement of the warrant liability at each balance sheet date.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes under ASC 740, Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). ASC 740 requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for both the expected impact of differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities and for the expected future tax benefit to be derived from tax loss and tax credit carry forwards. ASC 740 additionally requires a valuation allowance to be established when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effective tax rate differs from the statutory tax rate of 21% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, primarily due to changes in fair value of the warrant liability, which are not currently recognized in taxable income, non-deductible start-up costs, and the valuation allowance on the deferred tax assets.

While ASC 740 identifies usage of an effective annual tax rate for purposes of an interim provision, it does allow for estimating individual elements in the current period if they are significant, unusual or infrequent. Computing the effective tax rate for the Company is complicated due to the potential impact of the Company’s change in fair value of warrants (or any other change in fair value of a complex financial instrument), the timing of any potential business combination expenses and the actual interest income that will be recognized during the year. The Company has taken a position as to the calculation of income tax expense in a current period based on ASC 740-270-25-3 which states, “If an entity is unable to estimate a part of its ordinary income or loss or the related tax provision or benefit but is otherwise able to make a reasonable estimate, the tax provision or benefit applicable to the item that cannot be estimated shall be reported in the interim period in which the item is reported.” The Company believes its calculation to be a reliable estimate and allows it to properly take into account the usual elements that can impact its annualized book income and its impact on the effective tax rate. As such, the Company is computing its taxable income or loss and associated income tax provision or benefit based on actual results through September 30, 2023.

ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. ASC 740 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim period, disclosure and transition.

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CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of September 30, 2023. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals, or material deviation from its position.

The Company has identified the United States as its only “major” tax jurisdiction.

The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception. These examinations may include questioning the timing and amount of deductions, the nexus of income among various tax jurisdictions and compliance with federal and state tax laws. The Company’s management does not expect that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will materially change over the next twelve months. The Company was formed in 2021 and files U.S. federal and various state income tax returns. All tax periods since inception remain open to examination by the taxing jurisdictions to which the Company is subject. ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense.

On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (the “IRA”) was signed into federal law. The IRA provides for, among other things, a new U.S. federal 1% excise tax on certain repurchases (including redemptions) of stock by publicly traded U.S. corporations and certain U.S. subsidiaries of publicly traded non-U.S. corporations (each, a “covered corporation”). Because the Company is a Delaware corporation and its securities are trading on the NYSE, the Company is a “covered corporation” for this purpose. The excise tax is imposed on the repurchasing corporation itself, not its stockholders from which shares are repurchased. The amount of the excise tax is generally 1% of the fair market value of the shares repurchased at the time of the repurchase. However, for purposes of calculating the excise tax, repurchasing corporations are permitted to net the fair market value of certain new stock issuances against the fair market value of stock repurchases during the same taxable year. In addition, certain exceptions apply to the excise tax. The U.S. Department of Treasury has been given authority to provide regulations and other guidance to carry out, and prevent the abuse or avoidance of the excise tax. The IRA applies only to repurchases that occur after December 31, 2022.

Any redemption or other repurchase that occurs in connection with a Business Combination may be subject to the excise tax. Whether and to what extent we would be subject to the excise tax would depend on a number of factors, including (i) the fair market value of the redemptions and repurchases in connection with a Business Combination, (ii) the timing, nature and amount of the equity issued in connection with a Business Combination (or otherwise issued not in connection with a Business Combination but issued within the same taxable year of a Business Combination), and (iii) the content of regulations and other guidance from the U.S. Department of the Treasury. In addition, because the excise tax would be payable by the Company, and not by the redeeming holder, the mechanics of any required payment of the excise tax have not been determined. The foregoing could cause a reduction in the cash available on hand to complete a Business Combination. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company has recognized $1,360,357 and $0, respectively, in excise tax payable related to share redemptions. In accordance with ASC 340-10-S99-1, the liability does not impact the condensed statements of operations and is offset against accumulated deficit because additional paid-in capital is not available.

Net Income Per Common Share

The Company has two classes of shares, which are referred to as Class A common stock and Class B common stock. Earnings and losses are shared pro rata between the two classes of stock. For purposes of computing diluted earnings per share, the weighted-average shares outstanding of common stock reflects the dilutive effect that could occur if convertible securities or other contracts to issue common stock were converted into or exercised for common stock as of the beginning of the period in which the conditions were satisfied (or as of the date of the contingent stock agreement, if later). The calculation of diluted net income per common share does not consider the effect of the warrants issued in connection with the IPO since the exercise of the warrants would be anti-dilutive. At September 30, 2023 and 2022, the Company did not have any other dilutive securities and other contracts that could, potentially, be exercised or converted into common stock and then share in the earnings of the Company. Remeasurement associated with the redeemable shares of Class A common stock to redemption value is excluded from earnings per share as the redemption value approximates fair value.

13

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, net income per common share is as follows:

    

For the Three Months Ended September 30,

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

    

2023

    

2022

2023

    

2022

    

Class A

    

Class B

    

Class A

    

Class B

    

Class A

    

Class B

    

Class A

    

Class B

Basic net income per share:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Numerator:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Allocation of net income

 

$

87,338

 

$

25,072

 

$

706,691

 

$

176,673

$

4,522,413

 

$

1,182,043

 

$

9,200,510

 

$

2,300,128

Denominator

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding

 

24,392,704

 

7,002,438

 

28,009,750

 

7,002,438

26,790,819

 

7,002,438

 

28,009,750

 

7,002,438

Basic and diluted net income per share

$

0.00

$

0.00

$

0.03

$

0.03

$

0.17

$

0.17

$

0.33

$

0.33

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2020, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Debt - Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging --Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”), which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current GAAP. The ASU also removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity-linked contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. The provisions of ASU 2020-06 are applicable for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted no earlier than fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its unaudited condensed financial statements.

The Company’s management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards if currently adopted would have a material effect on the accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements.

Non-Redemption Agreements

In August 2023, the Company and the Sponsor entered into Non-Redemption Agreements with a number of the Company’s stockholders in exchange for them agreeing not to redeem shares of the Company’s Class A common stock sold in the IPO (the “Non-Redeemed Shares”) in connection with the special meeting of stockholders called by the Company and held on August 29, 2023 (described below). In exchange for the foregoing commitments not to redeem such shares, the Company has agreed to allocate to such investors an aggregate of 2,326,496 shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Promote Shares”) and the Sponsor has agreed to surrender and forfeit to the Company for no consideration of a number of shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company equal to the number of Promote Shares upon closing of the initial Business Combination. The Company estimated the aggregate fair value of the shares attributable to the Investors to be $1,143,605 or $0.49 per share. The Company complies with the requirements of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) Topic 5(A) – “Expenses of Offering” and SAB Topic 5(T): Miscellaneous Accounting - Accounting for Expenses or Liabilities Paid by Principal Stockholder(s). As such, the value of Promote Shares assigned to the Investors are recognized as offering costs and charged to stockholders’ deficit. The value of the Class B common stock forfeited by the Sponsors is reported as an increase to stockholders’ deficit.

14

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 3. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Promissory Note — Related Party

On May 3, 2022, the Sponsor agreed to loan the Company up to $350,000 to be used to pay operating expenses. This loan is non-interest bearing, unsecured, is not convertible into warrants or any other securities, and due at the closing of a business combination. The Company had not borrowed any amount under the promissory note. There was no balance outstanding as of September 30, 2023 or December 31, 2022.

Related Party Loans

In order to finance transaction costs in connection with an intended initial Business Combination, the Sponsors, an affiliate of the Sponsors or certain of the Company’s officers and directors may, but are not obligated to, loan the Company funds as may be required (the “Working Capital Loans”). If the Company completes an initial Business Combination, the Company will repay such loaned amounts out of the proceeds of the Trust Account released to the Company. Otherwise, such loans would be repaid only out of funds held outside the Trust Account. In the event that the initial Business Combination does not close, the Company may use a portion of the working capital held outside the Trust Account to repay such loaned amounts but no proceeds from the Trust Account would be used to repay such loaned amounts. Up to $1,500,000 of such loans may be convertible into Private Placement Warrants of the post Business Combination entity, at a price of $1.50 per warrant at the option of the lender. The warrants would be identical to the Private Placement Warrants issued to the Sponsors. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, no such Working Capital Loans were outstanding.

Administrative Service Fee

The Company has agreed to pay an affiliate of its Sponsor a total of $20,000 per month for office space, utilities and secretarial and administrative support. Upon completion of the Company’s Business Combination or its liquidation, the Company will cease paying these monthly fees. The Company recognized an expense of $60,000 and $180,000 for the administrative service fee for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively which is included in operating costs on the condensed statements of operations. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had no outstanding balance due to the affiliate of the Sponsor related to the administrative service fee.

Due to Related Party

In the normal course of business, certain expenses of the Company may be paid by, and then reimbursed to an affiliate of the Sponsor. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had an outstanding balance due to the affiliate of the Sponsor of $4,875 and $12,178, respectively. The amount is included in due to related party on the condensed balance sheets and includes but is not limited to legal expense, expense related to identifying a target business, and other expenses.

NOTE 4. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Registration Rights

The holders of the Founder Shares, Private Placement Warrants and warrants that may be issued upon conversion of Working Capital Loans (and any shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Private Placement Warrants or warrants issued upon conversion of the Working Capital Loans and upon conversion of the Founder Shares) will be entitled to registration rights pursuant to a registration rights agreement to be signed prior to or on the effective date of the Initial Public Offering requiring the Company to register such securities for resale (in the case of the Founder Shares, only after conversion to shares of Class A common stock). The holders of these securities will be entitled to make up to three demands, excluding short form registration demands, that the Company registers such securities. In addition, the holders have certain “piggy-back” registration rights with respect to registration statements filed subsequent to the Company’s completion of the initial Business Combination and rights to require the Company to register for resale such securities pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act. The Company will bear the expenses incurred in connection with the filing of any such

15

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

registration statements. The registration rights agreement does not contain liquidating damages or other cash settlement provisions resulting from delays in registering the Company’s securities.

Capital Markets Advisor Agreement

On August 21, 2023, the Company engaged a capital markets advisor in connection with seeking an extension for completing a Business Combination, a possible acquisition of a third party by merger, consolidation, acquisition of stock or assets or other business combination, and as a placement agent in connection with a private placement of debt, equity, equity-linked or convertible securities. The Company agreed to pay the capital markets advisor a transaction fee in connection with the services provided, payable upon and subject to the Company’s consummation of an initial business combination (“Capital Markets Advisor Fee”). The fee consists of a fixed and determinable portion and a variable portion contingent upon certain future events expected to take place upon completion of a Business Combination. As of September 30, 2023, $1,000,000 was accrued for the fee as the amount was fixed and determinable. These costs may be paid for using the proceeds of the cash available once a Business Combination is complete.

Expenses Contingent on the Closing of a Business Combination

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company has incurred approximately $1,058,000 and $38,000, respectively, in fees contingent on the closing of a business combination. These costs may be paid for using the proceeds of the cash available once the business combination is complete. The amounts are included in accounts payable and accrued expenses on the condensed balance sheets.

NOTE 5. STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

Preferred Stock — The Company is authorized to issue a total of 1,000,000 shares of preferred stock at par value of $0.0001 each. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were no shares of preferred shares issued or outstanding.

Class A Common Stock — The Company is authorized to issue a total of 200,000,000 shares of Class A common stock at par value of $0.0001 each. Holders of Class A common stock are entitled to one vote for each share. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were 0 shares of Class A common stock outstanding, excluding 14,699,019 and 28,009,750 shares of Class A common stock subject to possible redemption which are classified as temporary equity, respectively.

Class B Common Stock — The Company is authorized to issue a total of 20,000,000 shares of Class B common stock at par value of $0.0001 each. Holders of the Class B common stock are entitled to one vote for each share. There were 7,002,438 shares of Class B common stock issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022. Pursuant to the Non-Redemption Agreements discussed in Note 2, 2,326,496 shares are subject to forfeiture upon consummation of the Company’s initial Business Combination.

16

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

The shares of Class B common stock will automatically convert into shares of Class A common stock at the time of the initial Business Combination on a one-for-one basis, subject to adjustment. In the case that additional shares of Class A common stock, or equity-linked securities, are issued or deemed issued in excess of the amounts offered in the Initial Public Offering and related to the closing of the initial Business Combination, the ratio at which shares of Class B common stock shall convert into shares of Class A common stock will be adjusted (unless the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Class B common stock agree to waive such anti-dilution adjustment with respect to any such issuance or deemed issuance) so that the number of shares of Class A common stock issuable upon conversion of all shares of Class B common stock will equal, in the aggregate, on an as-converted basis, 20% of the sum of the total number of all shares of common stock outstanding upon the completion of the Initial Public Offering (not including the Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the Private Placement Warrants) plus all shares of Class A common stock and equity-linked securities issued or deemed issued in connection with the initial Business Combination (net of the number of shares of Class A common stock redeemed in connection with the initial Business Combination), excluding any shares or equity-linked securities issued, or to be issued, to any seller in the initial Business Combination. In no event shall the Class B Common Stock convert into Class A Common Stock at a ratio that is less than one-for-one.

Holders of the Class A common stock and holders of the Class B common stock will vote together as a single class on all matters submitted to a vote of the Company’s stockholders, with each share of common stock entitling the holder to one vote.

Warrants — Each whole warrant entitles the holder to purchase one share of the Company’s Class A common stock at a price of $11.50 per share, subject to adjustment as discussed herein.

The warrants will expire at 5:00 p.m., New York City time on the warrant expiration date, which is five years after the completion of the initial Business Combination or earlier upon redemption or liquidation. On the exercise of any warrant, the warrant exercise price will be paid directly to the Company and not placed in the Trust Account.

The Company will not be obligated to deliver any shares of Class A common stock pursuant to the exercise of a warrant and will have no obligation to settle such warrant exercise unless a registration statement under the Securities Act covering the issuance of the shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants is then effective and a current prospectus relating to those shares of Class A common stock is available. No warrant will be exercisable for cash or on a cashless basis, and the Company will not be obligated to issue any shares to holders seeking to exercise their warrants, unless the issuance of the shares upon such exercise is registered or qualified under the securities laws of the state of the exercising holder, or an exemption from registration is available. In the event that the conditions in the two immediately preceding sentences are not satisfied with respect to a warrant, the holder of such warrant will not be entitled to exercise such warrant and such warrant may have no value and expire worthless. In no event will the Company be required to net cash settle any warrant. In the event that a registration statement is not effective for the exercised warrants, the purchaser of a unit containing such warrant will have paid the full purchase price for the unit solely for the share of Class A common stock underlying such Unit.

The Company did not register the shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants in connection with the IPO. However, the Company has agreed that as soon as practicable, but in no event later than 20 business days after the closing of the initial Business Combination, the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to file with the SEC, and within 60 business days following the initial Business Combination to have declared effective, a registration statement covering the issuance of the shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants and to maintain a current prospectus relating to those shares of Class A common stock until the warrants expire or are redeemed; provided that, if the Class A common stock is at the time of any exercise of a warrant not listed on a national securities exchange such that it satisfies the definition of a “covered security” under Section 18(b)(1) of the Securities Act, the Company may, at its option, require holders of public warrants who exercise their warrants to do so on a “cashless basis” in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act and, in the event the Company so elects, the Company will not be required to file or maintain in effect a registration statement, but the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to register or qualify the shares under applicable blue sky laws to the extent an exemption is not available.

17

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

Redemption of warrants when the price per share of Class A common stock equals or exceeds $18.00.

Once the warrants become exercisable, the Company may redeem the outstanding public warrants:

in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.01 per warrant;
upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption, or the 30-day redemption period, to each warrant holder; and
if, and only if, the last reported sale price of the Class A common stock equals or exceeds $18.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) for any 20 trading days within a 30-trading day period ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the Company sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders.

Redemption of warrants when the price per share of Class A common stock equals or exceeds $10.00.

Once the warrants become exercisable, the Company may redeem the outstanding public warrants:

in whole and not in part;
at a price of $0.10 per warrant provided that holders will be able to exercise their warrants prior to redemption and receive that number of shares of Class A common stock based on the redemption date and the “fair market value” of the Class A common stock (as defined below) except as otherwise described below;
upon a minimum of 30 days’ prior written notice of redemption
if, and only if, the last reported sale price of the Class A common stock equals or exceeds $10.00 per share (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends, reorganizations, recapitalizations and the like) on the trading day prior to the date on which the Company sends the notice of redemption to the warrant holders; and
if, and only if, there is an effective registration statement covering the issuance of the shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants and a current prospectus relating thereto available throughout the 30-day period after written notice of redemption is given.

The “fair market value” of the Class A common stock shall mean the average last reported sale price of the Class A common stock for the 10 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the date on which the notice of redemption is sent to the holders of warrants. This redemption feature differs from the typical warrant redemption features used in many other blank check offerings. In no event will the warrants be exercisable in connection with this redemption feature for more than 0.361 Class A common stock per warrant (subject to adjustment).

NOTE 6. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The following table presents fair value information as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, for the Company’s assets and liabilities that are accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques the Company utilized to determine such fair value.

    

    

September 30, 

 

December 31, 

Assets

    

Level

    

2023

    

2022

Marketable securities and cash held in Trust Account

 

1

$

152,623,541

$

283,479,610

September 30, 

December 31, 

Liabilities:

    

Level

    

2023

    

2022

Warrant Liability – Public Warrants

2

$

973,806

$

1,080,243

Warrant Liability – Private Placement Warrants

 

3

$

563,000

$

625,000

As of September 30, 2023, investments held in the Trust Account were held in an interest-bearing demand deposit account and at December 31, 2022, investments held in Trust Account consisted of mutual funds. Demand deposit accounts and mutual funds generally

18

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

have a readily determinable fair value. Such investments in the Trust Account are presented on the condensed balance sheets at fair value at the end the reporting period.

The Company’s warrant liability for the Private Placement Warrants is based on a valuation model utilizing management judgment and pricing inputs from observable and unobservable markets with less volume and transaction frequency than active markets. The fair value of the Private Placement Warrants is classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. Significant deviations from these estimates and inputs could result in a material change in fair value. The Company’s warrant liability for the Public Warrants is based on unadjusted quoted prices. The Public Warrant liability is based on market closing prices. At September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there was insufficient activity for the Company’s Public Warrants to be classified as Level 1 and were classified as Level 2.

The Company used a Monte Carlo simulation valuation model to value the Private Placement Warrants as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

The key inputs into the valuation models used to value the Private Placement Warrants were as follows:

Input

    

September 30, 2023

    

December 31, 2022

Common stock price

$

10.28

$

9.95

Risk-free interest rate

4.55

%  

3.94

%

Expected term in years

5.68

years  

5.68

years

Expected volatility

0.001

%  

0.001

%

Exercise price

$

11.50

$

11.50

Public warrant price

$

0.10

$

0.12

To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Because of the inherent uncertainty of valuation, those estimated values may be materially higher or lower than the values that would have been used had a ready market for the investments existed. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by the Company in determining fair value is greatest for investments categorized in Level 3.

The following table provides a reconciliation of changes in fair value of the beginning and ending balances for our warrants classified as Level 3 for the period ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022:

Fair Value as of December 31, 2022 – private placement warrants

    

$

625,000

Change in fair value

(241,000)

Fair Value as of March 31, 2023 – private placement warrants

384,000

Change in fair value

(168,000)

Fair Value as of June 30, 2023 – private placement warrants

$

216,000

Change in fair value

347,000

Fair Value as of September 30, 2023 – private placement warrants

$

563,000

Fair Value as of December 31, 2021 – private placement warrants

    

$

5,248,983

Change in fair value

(1,943,928)

Fair Value as of March 31, 2022 – private placement warrants

3,305,055

Change in fair value

(2,091,923)

Fair Value as of June 30, 2022 – private placement warrants

$

1,213,132

Change in fair value

(50,772)

Fair Value as of September 30, 2022 – private placement warrants

$

1,162,360

19

Table of Contents

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2023

(UNAUDITED)

NOTE 7. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company evaluated subsequent events and transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date up to the date that the unaudited condensed financial statements were issued. Based upon this review, the Company did not identify any subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the unaudited condensed financial statements.

20

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

References in this report (the “Quarterly Report”) to “we,” “us” or the “Company” refer to Concord Acquisition Corp II. References to our “management” or our “management team” refer to our officers and directors, references to the “Sponsors” refer to Concord Sponsor Group II LLC and CA2 Co-Investment, LLC. The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the condensed financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Quarterly Report including, without limitation, statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” regarding the Company’s financial position, the business strategy, plans and objectives of management for future operations, and the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the Company’s search for a Business Combination (as defined below), are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “seek” and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management’s current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Company’s securities filings can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

Overview

We are a blank check company incorporated on February 18, 2021, for the purpose of effecting a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities (a “Business Combination”). We intend to effectuate our initial business combination using cash from the proceeds of our offering and the sale of the private placement warrants, our shares, debt or a combination of cash, equity and debt.

We expect to continue to incur significant costs in the pursuit of our acquisition plans. We cannot assure you that our plans to complete a Business Combination will be successful.

Recent Developments

In August 2023, the Company and the Sponsor entered into Non-Redemption Agreements with a number of the Company’s stockholders in exchange for them agreeing not to redeem shares of the Company’s Class A common stock sold in the IPO (the “Non-Redeemed Shares”) in connection with the special meeting of stockholders called by the Company and held on August 29, 2023 (described below). In exchange for the foregoing commitments not to redeem such shares, the Company has agreed to allocate to such investors an aggregate of 2,326,496 shares of Class A Common Stock (the “Promote Shares”) and the Sponsor has agreed to surrender and forfeit to the Company for no consideration of a number of shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company equal to the number of Promote Shares upon closing of the initial business combination.

On August 29, 2023, the Company’s stockholders approved at the special meeting of stockholders a proposal to amend the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “charter”) to extend the date by which the Company has to consummate a business combination from September 3, 2023 (the “Termination Date”) to June 3, 2024, (as discussed below) or such earlier date as may be determined by the board of directors of the Company (such later date, the “Extended Date”). In connection with the votes to approve the Charter Amendment, the holders of 13,310,731 shares of Class A common stock of the Company properly exercised their right to

21

redeem their shares for cash at a redemption price of approximately $10.35 per share, for an aggregate redemption amount of $137,792,552, leaving $152,164,096 in the Trust Account immediately after the redemptions.

Results of Operations

We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues to date. Our only activities since inception have been organizational activities and those necessary for our initial public offering (“IPO”) and activities related to seeking and consummating a business combination with an acquisition target. We do not expect to generate any operating revenues until after completion of our initial business combination. Until such time that a business combination occurs, we will generate non-operating income in the form of interest income on cash and cash equivalents from the proceeds derived from the Initial Public Offering, and non-operating income or expense from the changes in the fair value of warrant liability. There has been no significant change in our financial or trading position and no material adverse change has occurred since the date of our audited financial statements. Until the completion of our initial business combination, we expect to incur increased expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses.

For the three months ended September 30, 2023, we had net income of $112,410, which consisted of other income of $1,655 and income from investments held in the Trust Account of $3,088,363, partially offset by change in the fair value of the warrant liability of $947,343, operating costs of $1,391,861 and income taxes of $638,404.

For the three months ended September 30, 2022, we had net income of $883,364, which consisted of the change in the fair value of the warrant liability of $144,138 and income from investments held in the Trust Account of $1,264,480, partially offset by operating costs of $270,213 and income taxes of $255,041.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, we had net income of $5,704,456, which consisted of change in the fair value of the warrant liability of $168,437, other income of $5,228 and income from investments held in the Trust Account of $9,501,203, partially offset by operating costs of $2,005,514 and income taxes of $1,964,898.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2022, we had net income of $11,500,638, which consisted of change in the fair value of the warrant liability of $10,992,894 and income from investments held in the Trust Account of $1,684,780, partially offset by operating costs of $883,350 and income taxes of $293,686.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of September 30, 2023, we had available to us $605,724 of proceeds held outside the Trust Account (which included approximately $133,050 of cash withdrawn by the Company from the Trust Account to pay taxes not yet paid and excluding excise taxes). Excluding $133,050 of cash withdrawn from the Trust Account for the payment of taxes, we will use cash primarily to identify and evaluate target businesses, perform business due diligence on prospective target businesses, travel to and from the offices or similar locations of prospective target businesses or their representatives or owners, review corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target businesses, structure, negotiate and complete a business combination, and to pay taxes to the extent the interest earned on the Trust Account is not sufficient to pay our taxes.

If the estimate of the costs of identifying a target business, undertaking in-depth due diligence and negotiating a Business Combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, the Company may have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to a Business Combination. Moreover, the Company may need to obtain additional financing either to complete a Business Combination or because the Company becomes obligated to redeem a significant number of public shares upon consummation of a Business Combination, in which case the Company may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such Business Combination. Subject to compliance with applicable securities laws, the Company would only complete such financing simultaneously with the completion of a Business Combination. If the Company is unable to complete a Business Combination because it does not have sufficient funds available, the Company will be forced to cease operations and liquidate the Trust Account. In addition, following a Business Combination, if cash on hand is insufficient, the Company may need to obtain additional financing in order to meet its obligations.

The Company has until June 3, 2024 to consummate a Business Combination. If a Business Combination is not consummated by this date, there will be a mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution of the Company. Although the Company intends to consummate

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a Business Combination on or before June 3, 2024, it is uncertain whether the Company will be able to consummate a Business Combination by this time. In connection with the Company’s assessment of going concern considerations in accordance with ASC Subtopic 205-40, “Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern”, Management has determined that the mandatory liquidation, should a Business Combination not occur and potential subsequent dissolution, as well as the potential for the Company to have insufficient funds available to operate our business prior to a Business Combination, raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. No adjustments have been made to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities should the Company be required to liquidate after June 3, 2024.

Off-Balance Sheet Financing Arrangements

We have no obligations, assets or liabilities, which would be considered off-balance sheet arrangements as of September 30, 2023. We do not participate in transactions that create relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, often referred to as variable interest entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements. We have not entered into any off-balance sheet financing arrangements, established any special purpose entities, guaranteed any debt or commitments of other entities, or purchased any non-financial assets.

Contractual Obligations

We do not have any long-term debt, capital lease obligations, operating lease obligations or long-term liabilities, other than an agreement to pay an affiliate of the Sponsor a monthly fee of $20,000 for office space, administrative and support services. Further, on May 3, 2022, the Sponsor agreed to loan the Company up to $350,000 to be used to pay operating expenses. This loan is non-interest bearing, unsecured, is not convertible into warrants or any other securities, and due at the closing of a business combination. The Company had not borrowed any amount under the promissory note. There was no balance outstanding as of both September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022. Additionally, our underwriters are entitled to a deferred underwriting discount of $9,803,413 of the gross proceeds of the IPO held in the Trust Account upon the completion of the Company’s initial Business Combination subject to the terms of the underwriting agreement.

On August 21, 2023, we engaged a capital markets advisor in connection with seeking an extension for completing a Business Combination, a possible acquisition of a third party by merger, consolidation, acquisition of stock or assets or other business combination, and as a placement agent in connection with a private placement of debt, equity, equity-linked or convertible securities. We agreed to pay the capital markets advisor a transaction fee in connection with the services provided, payable upon and subject to our consummation of an initial business combination (“Capital Markets Advisor Fee”). The fee consists of a fixed and determinable portion and a variable portion contingent upon certain future events expected to take place upon completion of a Business Combination. As of September 30, 2023, $1,000,000 was accrued for the fee as the amount was fixed and determinable. These costs may be paid using the proceeds of the cash available once a Business Combination is complete.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

We prepare our unaudited condensed financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of unaudited condensed financial statements also requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, costs and expenses and related disclosures. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could differ significantly from the estimates made by our management.

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates from those disclosed in our financial statements and the related notes and other financial information included in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2023, other than discussed below.

In August 2023, the Company, the Sponsor, and certain investors (“Investors”) of our Class A common stock entered into Non-Redemption Agreements. Pursuant to the Non-Redemption Agreements, the Company agreed to allocate to such investors an aggregate of 2,326,496 Class A Common Stock (“Promote Shares”) and the Sponsor agreed to surrender and forfeit to us for no consideration of a number of shares of Class B common stock, par value $0.0001 per share, of the Company equal to the number of Promote Shares upon closing of the initial Business Combination. We estimated the aggregate fair value of the shares attributable to the Investors to be

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$1,143,605 or $0.49 per share. We comply with the requirements of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) Topic 5(A) – “Expenses of Offering” and SAB Topic 5(T): Miscellaneous Accounting - Accounting for Expenses or Liabilities Paid by Principal Stockholder(s). As such, the value of Promote Shares assigned to the Investors are recognized as offering costs and charged to stockholders’ deficit. The value of the Class B common stock forfeited by the Sponsors is reported as an increase to stockholders’ deficit.

JOBS Act

On April 5, 2012, the JOBS Act was signed into law. The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, relax certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. We will qualify as an “emerging growth company” and under the JOBS Act will be allowed to comply with new or revised accounting pronouncements based on the effective date for private (not publicly traded) companies. We are electing to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards, and as a result, we may not comply with new or revised accounting standards on the relevant dates on which adoption of such standards is required for non-emerging growth companies. As a result, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with new or revised accounting pronouncements as of public company effective dates.

Additionally, we are in the process of evaluating the benefits of relying on the other reduced reporting requirements provided by the JOBS Act. Subject to certain conditions set forth in the JOBS Act, if, as an “emerging growth company”, we choose to rely on such exemptions we may not be required to, among other things: (1) provide an auditor’s attestation report on our system of internal controls over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act; (2) provide all of the compensation disclosure that may be required of non-emerging growth public companies under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; (3) comply with any requirement that may be adopted by the PCAOB regarding mandatory audit firm rotation or a supplement to the auditor’s report providing additional information about the audit and the financial statements (auditor discussion and analysis); and (4) disclose certain executive compensation-related items such as the correlation between executive compensation and performance and comparisons of the CEO’s compensation to median employee compensation. These exemptions will apply for a period of five years following the completion of the IPO or until we are no longer an “emerging growth company,” whichever is earlier.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are a smaller reporting company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information otherwise required under this item.

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

We do not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures will prevent all errors and all instances of fraud. Disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the disclosure controls and procedures are met. Further, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all disclosure controls and procedures, no evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures can provide absolute assurance that we have detected all our control deficiencies and instances of fraud, if any. The design of disclosure controls and procedures also is based partly on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

As required by Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2023. Based upon their evaluation, and due to a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting over the accounting for complex financial instruments, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) were not effective as of September 30, 2023.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2023, covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

The Company has made changes in its internal control over financial reporting to enhance our processes to identify and appropriately apply applicable accounting requirements to better evaluate and understand the nuances of the complex accounting standards that apply to our financial statements, including providing enhanced access to accounting literature, research materials and documents and increased communication among our personnel and third-party professionals with whom we consult regarding complex accounting applications. The Company can offer no assurance that these changes will ultimately have the intended effects.

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

None.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in this Quarterly Report are any of the risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022, filed with the SEC on February 27, 2023 (the “Annual Report”). Any of these factors could result in a significant or material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition. Additional risk factors not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business or results of operations. As of the date of this Quarterly Report, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report except for the below and that, as reported in our Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 5, 2023, (i) on August 29, 2023, we filed an amendment to our amended and restated certificate of incorporation (the “Charter Amendment”) which extended the date by which we have to consummate a Business Combination from September 3, 2023 to June 3, 2024, or such earlier date as may be determined by our board of directors, without the requirement that our Sponsor deposit additional funds into the Trust Account, and (ii) in connection with the stockholder vote to approve the Charter Amendment, holders of 13,310,731 shares of our Class A common stock properly exercised their right to redeem their shares for cash at a redemption price of approximately $10.35 per share, for an aggregate redemption amount of approximately $137.8 million, leaving approximately $152.2 million in the Trust Account (and resulting in our initial stockholders owning a significantly greater percentage of the total number of shares of our outstanding common stock).

Were we considered to be a “foreign person,” we might not be able to complete an initial business combination with a U.S. target company if such initial business combination is subject to U.S. foreign investment regulations and review by a U.S. government entity such as the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (“CFIUS”), or ultimately prohibited.

Certain federally licensed businesses in the United States, such as broadcasters and airlines, may be subject to rules or regulations that limit foreign ownership. In addition, CFIUS is an interagency committee authorized to review certain transactions involving foreign investment in the United States by foreign persons in order to determine the effect of such transactions on the national security of the United States. Were we considered to be a “foreign person” under such rules and regulations, any proposed business combination between us and a U.S. business engaged in a regulated industry or which may affect national security could be subject to such foreign ownership restrictions and/or CFIUS review. The scope of CFIUS was expanded by the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act of 2018 (“FIRRMA”) to include certain non-controlling investments in sensitive U.S. businesses and certain acquisitions of real estate even with no underlying U.S. business. FIRRMA, and subsequent implementing regulations that are now in force, also subject certain categories of investments to mandatory filings. If a potential initial business combination with a U.S. business falls within the scope of foreign ownership restrictions, we may be unable to consummate an initial business combination with such business. In addition, if a potential initial business combination falls within CFIUS’s jurisdiction, we may be required to make a mandatory filing or determine to submit a voluntary notice to CFIUS, or to proceed with the initial business combination without notifying CFIUS and risk CFIUS intervention, before or after closing the initial business combination.

Both our company and our sponsor are U.S. entities, and the managers of our sponsor are U.S. citizens. Each of our officers and directors is a U.S. citizen. If CFIUS has jurisdiction over our initial business combination, as a result of these existing relationships or otherwise, CFIUS may decide to block or delay our initial business combination, impose conditions to mitigate national security concerns with respect to such initial business combination or order us to divest all or a portion of a U.S. business of the combined company if we had proceeded without first obtaining CFIUS clearance. If we were considered to be a “foreign person,” the foreign ownership limitations, and the potential impact of CFIUS, may limit the attractiveness of a transaction with us or prevent us from pursuing certain initial business combination opportunities that we believe would otherwise be beneficial to us and our stockholders. As a result, in such circumstances, the pool of potential targets with which we could complete an initial business combination could be limited and we may be adversely affected in terms of competing with other SPACs that do not have similar foreign ownership issues.

Moreover, the process of government review, whether by CFIUS or otherwise, could be lengthy. Because we have only a limited time to complete our initial business combination, our failure to obtain any required approvals within the requisite time period may require us to liquidate. If we liquidate, the public stockholders may only receive $10.00 per share, and our warrants will expire worthless. This

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will also cause you to lose any potential investment opportunity in a target company and the chance of realizing future gains on your investment through any price appreciation in the combined company.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities, Use of Proceeds, and Issuer Purchase of Equity Securities.

On September 3, 2021, the Company completed its IPO of 25,000,000 Units, generating gross proceeds of $250,000,000. On September 28, 2021, the Underwriters partially exercised their option to purchase additional Units, resulting in the issuance of an additional 3,009,750 Units (the “Option Units”), generating additional proceeds of $30,097,500.

On September 3, 2021, simultaneously with the consummation of the IPO, the Company completed a private placement of an aggregate of 5,000,000 warrants (the “Private Placement Warrants”) to the Sponsors and two anchor investors at a price of $1.50 per Private Placement Warrant, generating total gross proceeds of $7,500,000 (the “Private Placement”). On September 28, 2021, in connection with the sale of Option Units, the Company consummated a private sale of an additional 401,300 Private Placement Warrants to the Sponsors (the “Additional Private Placement Warrants”) at a price of $1.50 per Additional Private Placement Warrant, generating gross proceeds of $601,950.

For a description of the use of the proceeds generated in our Initial Public Offering, see Part I, Item 2 of this Quarterly Report.

On August 29, 2023, the Company’s stockholders approved at the special meeting of stockholders a proposal to amend the Company’s charter to extend the date by which the Company has to consummate a business combination from the Termination Date to the Extended Date. In connection with the votes to approve the Charter Amendment, the holders of 13,310,731 shares of Class A common stock of the Company properly exercised their right to redeem their shares for cash at a redemption price of approximately $10.35 per share, for an aggregate redemption amount of $137,792,552, leaving $152,164,096 in the Trust Account immediately after the redemptions.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information.

None.

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Item 6. Exhibits.

Exhibit 
Number

 

Description

3.1(1)

Certificate of Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of Concord Acquisition Corp II, dated August 29, 2023.

10.1(2)

Form of Non-Redemption Agreement and Assignment of Economic Interest.

31.1

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.1*

 

Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002.

 

32.2*

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002.

 

101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance Document.

 

101.SCH

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.

 

101.CAL

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Link base Document.

 

101.DEF

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

101.LAB

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.

 

101.PRE

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

*These certifications are furnished to the SEC pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, nor shall they be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing.

(1)Incorporated by reference to an exhibit to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on September 5, 2023.

(2)

Incorporated by reference to an exhibit to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 23, 2023.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized on this 7th day of November 2023.

CONCORD ACQUISITION CORP II

By:

/s/ Jeff Tuder

Name:

Jeff Tuder

Title:

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

By:

/s/ Michele Cito

Name:

Michele Cito

Title:

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

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