Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Cooper Companies
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$291.42 49 $14,390
10-Q 2019-04-30 Quarter: 2019-04-30
10-Q 2019-01-31 Quarter: 2019-01-31
10-K 2018-10-31 Annual: 2018-10-31
10-Q 2018-07-31 Quarter: 2018-07-31
10-Q 2018-04-30 Quarter: 2018-04-30
10-Q 2018-01-31 Quarter: 2018-01-31
10-K 2017-10-31 Annual: 2017-10-31
10-Q 2017-07-31 Quarter: 2017-07-31
10-Q 2017-04-30 Quarter: 2017-04-30
10-Q 2017-01-31 Quarter: 2017-01-31
10-K 2016-10-31 Annual: 2016-10-31
10-Q 2016-07-31 Quarter: 2016-07-31
10-Q 2016-04-30 Quarter: 2016-04-30
10-Q 2016-01-31 Quarter: 2016-01-31
10-K 2015-10-31 Annual: 2015-10-31
10-Q 2015-07-31 Quarter: 2015-07-31
10-Q 2015-04-30 Quarter: 2015-04-30
10-Q 2015-01-31 Quarter: 2015-01-31
10-K 2014-10-31 Annual: 2014-10-31
10-Q 2014-07-31 Quarter: 2014-07-31
10-Q 2014-04-30 Quarter: 2014-04-30
10-Q 2014-01-31 Quarter: 2014-01-31
8-K 2019-05-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-17 Officers
8-K 2019-03-18 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-03-05 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-12 Enter Agreement, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-06 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-01 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-07 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-01 Officers
8-K 2018-04-23 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-10 Officers
8-K 2018-03-19 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-03-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-04 Other Events
SMG Scotts Miracle-Gro 4,970
FII Federated Investors 3,220
JACK Jack In The Box 1,990
FARO Faro Technologies 911
FLMN Falcon Minerals 701
ATEN A10 Networks 484
INO Inovio Pharmaceuticals 379
ORN Orion Group Holdings 75
IFCN IMH Financial 0
IMAGE Image International Group 0
COO 2019-04-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements
Note 1. General
Note 2. Revenue Recognition
Note 3. Acquisitions
Note 4. Inventories
Note 5. Intangible Assets
Note 6. Debt
Note 7. Income Taxes
Note 8. Earnings (Loss) per Share
Note 9. Share-Based Compensation Plans
Note 10. Stockholders' Equity
Note 11. Fair Value Measurements
Note 12. Employee Benefits
Note 13. Contingencies
Note 14. Business Segment Information
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part Ii-Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 coo-ex101_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-10.2 coo-ex102_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-10.3 coo-ex103_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-10.4 coo-ex104_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-10.5 coo-ex105_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-31.1 coo-ex311_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-31.2 coo-ex312_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-32.1 coo-ex321_2019x04x30x10q.htm
EX-32.2 coo-ex322_2019x04x30x10q.htm

Cooper Companies Earnings 2019-04-30

COO 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 coo_2019x04x30x10qq22019.htm 10-Q Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_____________________________________________________________
ý
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For Quarterly Period Ended April 30, 2019
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 1-8597
_____________________________________________________________
The Cooper Companies, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_____________________________________________________________
Delaware
94-2657368
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
6140 Stoneridge Mall Road, Suite 590, Pleasanton, CA 94588
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (925) 460-3600
_____________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.10 par value
 
COO
 
The New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
ý
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
 
Smaller reporting company
o
Emerging growth company
o
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.):    Yes  o    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
On May 24, 2019, 49,487,752 shares of Common Stock, $.10 par value, were outstanding.




 
 
 


INDEX
 
 
 
Page No.
PART I.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II.
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 

2



 
 
 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements
THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)
Periods Ended April 30,
(In millions, except for earnings per share)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months
 
Six Months
  
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales (Note 2)
$
654.3

 
$
631.3

 
$
1,282.4

 
$
1,221.3

Cost of sales
221.7

 
226.8

 
431.3

 
445.9

Gross profit
432.6

 
404.5

 
851.1

 
775.4

Selling, general and administrative expense
246.8

 
247.9

 
496.8

 
473.8

Research and development expense
21.0

 
20.8

 
42.0

 
39.7

Amortization of intangibles
36.9

 
36.7

 
73.5

 
72.7

Impairment of intangibles

 
24.4

 

 
24.4

Gain on sale of an intangible (Note 5)
(19.0
)
 

 
(19.0
)
 

Operating income
146.9

 
74.7

 
257.8

 
164.8

Interest expense
18.5


18.7


36.6


37.1

Other expense (income), net
0.3


2.0


(0.7
)

(1.1
)
Income before income taxes
128.1

 
54.0

 
221.9

 
128.8

Provision (benefit) for income taxes (Note 7)
5.7

 
(6.9
)
 
(3.6
)
 
190.4

Net income (loss)
$
122.4

 
$
60.9

 
$
225.5

 
$
(61.6
)
Earnings (loss) per share - basic (Note 8)
$
2.48

 
$
1.24

 
$
4.57

 
$
(1.26
)
Earnings (loss) per share - diluted (Note 8)
$
2.45

 
$
1.23

 
$
4.52

 
$
(1.26
)
Number of shares used to compute earnings (loss) per share:

 

 

 

Basic
49.4

 
49.1

 
49.3

 
49.0

Diluted
50.0

 
49.6

 
49.9

 
49.0

See accompanying notes.

3



 
 
 

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Periods Ended April 30,
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months
 
Six Months
  
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income (loss)
$
122.4

 
$
60.9

 
$
225.5

 
$
(61.6
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax
(18.6
)
 
(43.0
)
 
14.1

 
59.3

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
103.8

 
$
17.9

 
$
239.6

 
$
(2.3
)
See accompanying notes.

4



 
 
 

 
THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
104.6

 
$
77.7

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $17.2 at April 30, 2019 and $19.0 at October 31, 2018
396.2

 
374.7

Inventories (Note 4)
493.1

 
468.8

Prepaid expense and other current assets
142.7

 
169.7

Total current assets
1,136.6

 
1,090.9

Property, plant and equipment, at cost
2,038.2

 
1,930.3

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
1,005.5

 
954.3

 
1,032.7

 
976.0

Goodwill (Note 5)
2,438.5

 
2,392.1

Other intangibles, net (Note 5)
1,474.1

 
1,521.3

Deferred tax assets
60.1

 
58.4

Other assets
61.4

 
74.1

 
$
6,203.4

 
$
6,112.8

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Short-term debt (Note 6)
$
454.6

 
$
37.1

Accounts payable
129.2

 
146.4

Employee compensation and benefits
83.0

 
94.0

Other current liabilities
274.1

 
259.0

Total current liabilities
940.9

 
536.5

Long-term debt (Note 6)
1,472.3

 
1,985.7

Deferred tax liabilities
33.3

 
31.0

Long-term tax payable
124.8

 
141.5

Accrued pension liability and other
89.9

 
110.3

Total liabilities
2,661.2

 
2,805.0

Contingencies (see Note 13)

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 
 
Preferred stock, 10 cents par value, shares authorized: 1.0; zero shares issued or outstanding

 

Common stock, 10 cents par value, shares authorized: 120.0; issued 53.1 at April 30, 2019 and 52.8 at October 31, 2018
5.3

 
5.3

Additional paid-in capital
1,587.7

 
1,572.1

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(416.6
)
 
(430.7
)
Retained earnings
2,786.8

 
2,576.0

Treasury stock at cost: 3.6 shares at April 30, 2019 and 3.6 shares at October 31, 2018
(421.2
)
 
(415.1
)
Noncontrolling interests
0.2

 
0.2

Stockholders’ equity (Note 10)
3,542.2

 
3,307.8

 
$
6,203.4

 
$
6,112.8

See accompanying notes.

5

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES


Consolidated Condensed Statements of Stockholders' Equity
 
Common Shares
 
Treasury Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Stock
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
(In millions)
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at November 1, 2017
48.8

 
$
4.9

 
3.6

 
$
0.3

 
$
1,526.7

 
$
(375.3
)
 
$
2,434.2

 
$
(415.1
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
3,175.8

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 
(122.5
)
 

 

 
(122.5
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
102.3

 

 

 

 
102.3

Issuance of common stock for stock plans, net
0.2

 
0.1

 

 

 
(10.6
)
 

 

 

 

 
(10.5
)
Dividends on common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1.4
)
 

 

 
(1.4
)
Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
12.7

 

 

 

 

 
12.7

Balance at January 31, 2018
49.0

 
$
5.0

 
3.6

 
$
0.3

 
$
1,528.8

 
$
(273.0
)
 
$
2,310.3

 
$
(415.1
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
3,156.4

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 
60.9

 

 

 
60.9

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
(43.0
)
 

 

 

 
(43.0
)
Issuance of common stock for stock plans, net
0.1

 

 

 

 
0.1

 

 

 

 

 
0.1

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
13.6

 

 

 

 

 
13.6

Balance at April 30, 2018
49.1

 
$
5.0

 
3.6

 
$
0.3

 
$
1,542.5

 
$
(316.0
)
 
$
2,371.2

 
$
(415.1
)
 
$
0.1

 
$
3,188.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at November 1, 2018
49.2

 
$
5.0

 
3.6

 
$
0.3

 
$
1,572.1

 
$
(430.7
)
 
$
2,576.0

 
$
(415.1
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
3,307.8

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 
103.2

 

 

 
103.2

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
32.7

 

 

 

 
32.7

Issuance of common stock for stock plans, net
0.1

 

 

 

 
(9.0
)
 

 

 

 

 
(9.0
)
Treasury stock repurchase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(6.1
)
 

 
(6.1
)
Dividends on common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1.5
)
 

 

 
(1.5
)
Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
11.7

 

 

 

 

 
11.7

ASU 2016-16 adoption (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(13.3
)
 

 

 
(13.3
)
Balance at January 31, 2019
49.3

 
$
5.0

 
3.6

 
$
0.3

 
$
1,574.8

 
$
(398.0
)
 
$
2,664.4

 
$
(421.2
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
3,425.5

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 
122.4

 

 

 
122.4

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 
(18.6
)
 

 

 

 
(18.6
)
Issuance of common stock for stock plans, net
0.2

 

 

 

 
4.5

 

 

 

 

 
4.5

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
8.4

 

 

 

 

 
8.4

Balance at April 30, 2019
49.5

 
$
5.0

 
3.6

 
$
0.3

 
$
1,587.7

 
$
(416.6
)
 
$
2,786.8

 
$
(421.2
)
 
$
0.2

 
$
3,542.2


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

(1) We adopted ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory in the first quarter of fiscal 2019. Refer to “Note 1. General" for further information.

6



 
 
 

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows
Six Months Ended April 30,
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
225.5

 
$
(61.6
)
Depreciation and amortization
139.5

 
135.6

Gain on sale of an intangible (Note 5)
(19.0
)
 

Impairment of intangibles

 
24.4

Increase in operating capital
(19.7
)
 
(187.6
)
Other non-cash items
(9.7
)
 
286.3

Net cash provided by operating activities
316.6

 
197.1

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(131.9
)
 
(97.9
)
Acquisitions of businesses and assets, net of cash acquired, and other
(50.8
)
 
(1,320.7
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(182.7
)
 
(1,418.6
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term debt
424.8

 
1,946.1

Repayments of long-term debt
(938.8
)
 
(650.1
)
Net proceeds from short-term debt
417.4

 
16.4

Net payments related to share-based compensation awards
(4.3
)
 
(10.5
)
Dividends on common stock
(1.5
)
 
(1.5
)
Repurchase of common stock
(6.1
)
 

Debt acquisition costs
(0.2
)
 
(3.9
)
Payment of contingent consideration

 
(0.2
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(108.7
)
 
1,296.3

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(0.5
)
 
1.3

Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
24.7

 
76.1

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
80.2

 
88.8

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
104.9

 
$
164.9

Reconciliation of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
104.6

 
$
164.5

Restricted cash included in other current assets
0.3

 
0.4

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
$
104.9

 
$
164.9




See accompanying notes.

7

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)






Note 1. General

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements of the Cooper Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the Company) and related notes as contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2018. The unaudited interim financial statements include all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) and accruals necessary in the judgment of management for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented. Readers should not assume that the results reported here either indicate or guarantee future performance. The terms "the Company", "we", "us", and "our" are used to refer collectively to the Cooper Companies, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In March 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost. The ASU requires an entity to disaggregate the service cost component from the other components of net benefit cost. The service cost component is now presented in the same income statement line as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period and the other components of net benefit costs are presented separately as other income/expense below operating income. The Company adopted this guidance on November 1, 2018, and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s reported financial results.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which requires entities to recognize the income tax consequences on an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The ASU changes the timing of the recognition of the income tax consequences of non-inventory transfers which under current guidance defers the income tax consequences until the asset is sold to an outside party or otherwise recognized. The guidance for the amendments of ASU 2016-16 requires companies to apply a modified retrospective approach with a cumulative catch-up adjustment to opening retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company adopted ASU 2016-16 in the first quarter of fiscal 2019 on a modified retrospective basis. The Company recorded the cumulative effect of the change as a decrease to retained earnings of approximately $13.3 million. The cumulative effect adjustment represents the recognition of unrecognized income tax effects from intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory that occurred prior to the date of adoption.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The ASU requires revenue recognition to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The amendments in the ASU can be applied either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented or alternatively, the modified retrospective transition method whereby the company recognizes the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance as an opening balance sheet adjustment to equity in the period of initial application. This alternative approach must be supplemented by additional disclosures.

We adopted ASU 2014-09 on November 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective transition method. We did not recognize any cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to our opening balance of retained earnings due to its immaterial impact. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. There was no material impact of ASC 606 to our financial statements during the three and six months ended April 30, 2019. We do not expect the adoption of the new revenue standard to have a material impact to our net income on an ongoing basis.

The Company applies the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606-10 or ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and all related appropriate guidance. The Company recognizes revenue under the core principle to depict the transfer of control to the Company’s customers in an amount reflecting the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled. In order to achieve that core principle, the Company applies the following five step approach: (1) identify the contract with a customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and

8

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





(5) recognize revenue when a performance obligation is satisfied. For a complete discussion of accounting for net product revenue, see Note 2. Revenue Recognition.
Accounting Pronouncements Issued Not Yet Adopted

In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-18, Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808), Clarifying the Interaction between Topic 808 and Topic 606. This guidance amended ASC 808 and ASC 606 to clarify that transactions in a collaborative arrangement should be accounted for under ASC 606 when the counterparty is a customer for a distinct good or service (i.e., unit of account). The amendments preclude an entity from presenting consideration from a transaction in a collaborative arrangement as revenue from contracts with customers if the counterparty is not a customer for that transaction. We are currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2018-18 which is effective for the Company in our fiscal year and interim periods beginning on November 1, 2020.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other - Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract. This guidance requires companies to apply the internal-use software guidance in ASC 350-40 to implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to determine whether to capitalize certain implementation costs or expense them as incurred. We are currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2018-15 which is effective for the Company in our fiscal year and interim periods beginning on November 1, 2020.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 requires that a lessee recognize the assets and liabilities that arise from operating leases. A lessee should recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use (ROU) asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases and ASU 2018-11, Leases Topic 842 Target improvements, which provides an additional (and optional) transition method whereby the new lease standard is applied at the adoption date and recognized as an adjustment to retained earnings. In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842) Codification Improvements, which further clarifies the determination of fair value of leases and modifies transition disclosure requirements for changes in accounting principles and other technical updates. This standard is effective for the Company in our fiscal year and interim periods beginning on November 1, 2019.

We anticipate this standard to have a material impact on our Consolidated Balance Sheets and related disclosures due to the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for operating leases. However, we do not expect adoption to have a material impact on our Consolidated Income Statements. We are continuing to assess and evaluate the potential impacts of the standard as well as the election of transition method and certain practical expedients available within the ASU. We are in the process of documenting and analyzing our lease contracts, assessing business processes and controls, implementing a system solution and completing our analysis of information necessary to determine the impact to the consolidated financial statements.

Accounts Receivable Factoring Program

We may factor certain designated trade receivables with one or more third party financial institutions pursuant to a factoring agreement. These are non-recourse factoring arrangements to assist us in managing operating cash flow and meet the requirements to be accounted for as sales in accordance with the “Transfers and Servicing” guidance in ASC 860, where the Company’s continuing involvement subsequent to the transfer is limited to providing certain servicing and collection actions on behalf of the purchasers of the designated trade receivables. Proceeds from amounts factored by the Company are recorded as an increase to cash and a reduction to accounts receivable outstanding in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets. Cash flows attributable to factoring are reflected as cash flows from operating activities in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Factoring fees associated with the sale of factored receivables for the three and six months ended April 30, 2019 were $0.5 million and $0.9 million respectively and were minimal for the three and six months ended April 30, 2018.



9

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





Note 2. Revenue Recognition

Product Revenue, Net

The Company sells its products principally to a limited number of distributors, group purchasing organizations, eye care or health care professionals including independent practices, corporate retailers, hospitals and clinics or authorized resellers (collectively, its Customers). These Customers subsequently resell the Company’s products to eye care or health care providers and patients. In addition to product supply and distribution agreements with Customers, the Company enters into arrangements with health care providers and payors that provide for government-mandated and/or privately-negotiated rebates, chargebacks and discounts with respect to the purchase of the Company’s products. The Company considers customer purchase orders, which in some cases are governed by master sales agreements, to be contracts with a customer. In situations where sales are to a distributor, the Company has concluded that its contracts are with the distributor. As part of its consideration of the contract, the Company evaluates certain factors including the customer’s ability to pay (or credit risk). For each contract, the Company considers the promise to transfer products, each of which is distinct, to be the identified performance obligations.

Revenues from product sales are recognized when the Customer obtains control of the Company’s product, which occurs at a point in time, typically upon shipment or delivery to the Customer. When the Company performs shipping and handling activities after the transfer of control to the Customer (e.g., when control transfers prior to delivery), they are considered as fulfillment activities, and accordingly, the costs are accrued for when the related revenue is recognized. Taxes collected from Customers relating to product sales and remitted to governmental authorities are excluded from revenues. The Company does not have any revenue recognized on payment expected to be received more than one year after the transfer of control of the products. The Company expenses incremental costs of obtaining a contract as and when incurred if the expected amortization period of the asset that the Company would have recognized is one year or less. See Note14. Business Segment Information, for disaggregation of revenue.
 
Reserves for Variable Consideration  

Revenues from product sales are recorded at the net sales price (transaction price), which includes estimates of variable consideration for which reserves are established and which result from discounts, returns, chargebacks, rebates and other allowances that are offered within contracts between the Company and its Customers, health care providers, payors and other indirect customers relating to the Company’s sales of its products. These reserves are based on the amounts earned or to be claimed on the related sales and are classified primarily in current liability. Variable consideration is estimated based on the most likely amount or expected value approach, depending on which method the Company expects to better predict the amount of consideration to which it will be entitled. Once the Company elects one of the methods to estimate variable consideration for a particular type of performance obligation, the Company applies that method consistently.

Where appropriate, these estimates take into consideration a range of possible outcomes which are probability-weighted for relevant factors such as the Company’s historical experience, current contractual and statutory requirements, specific known market events and trends, industry data and forecasted customer buying and payment patterns. Overall, these reserves reflect the Company’s best estimates of the amount of consideration to which it is entitled based on the terms of the contract. Actual amounts of consideration ultimately received may differ from the Company’s estimates. If actual results in the future vary from the Company’s estimates, the Company adjusts these estimates, which would affect net product revenue and earnings in the period such variances become known.
 
Trade Discounts and Allowances

The Company generally provides Customers with discounts, which include incentive fees that are stated in the Company’s contracts and are recorded as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. In addition, the Company receives sales order management, data and distribution services from certain Customers. To the extent the services received are distinct from the Company’s sale of products to the Customer and have readily determinable fair value, these payments are classified in selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of income of the Company.
 
Product Returns

Consistent with industry practice, the Company generally offers Customers a limited right of return for a product that has been purchased from the Company. The Company estimates the amount of its product sales that may be returned by its

10

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





Customers and records this estimate as a reduction of revenue in the period the related product revenue is recognized. There is inherent judgment in estimating future refunds as they are susceptible to factors outside of our influence. However, we have significant experience in estimating the amount of refunds, based primarily on historical data. Our refund liability for product returns was $10.6 million at April 30, 2019 which is included in Accrued liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and represents the expected value of the aggregate refunds that will be due to our customers.
 
Rebates and Chargebacks

Rebates are estimated based on contractual terms, historical experience, customer mix, trend analysis and projected market conditions in the various markets served.

Chargebacks for fees and discounts to providers represent the estimated obligations resulting from contractual commitments to sell products to qualified healthcare providers at prices lower than the list wholesale prices charged to the Company’s direct customers. For certain office and surgical products in CooperSurgical, customers charge the Company for the difference between what they pay for the product and the ultimate selling price to the qualified healthcare providers. These reserves are established in the same period that the related revenue is recognized, resulting in a reduction of product revenue. Chargeback amounts are generally determined at the time of resale to the qualified healthcare provider by Customers. CooperSurgical rebates are predominately related to the Medicaid rebate provision that is estimated based upon contractual terms, historical experience, and trend analysis.

Contract balances

The timing of billing and revenue recognition primarily occurs simultaneously. The Company does not have material contract assets or liabilities.

Note 3. Acquisitions
The following is a summary of the allocation of the total purchase consideration for business and asset acquisitions that the Company completed during fiscal 2019 and 2018:
(In millions)
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
Technology
$
10.0

 
$

Customer relationships
7.5

 
23.5

Trademarks
9.7

 
100.0

Composite intangible asset

 
1,061.9

Other

 
4.2

Total identifiable intangible assets
$
27.2

 
$
1,189.6

Goodwill
35.8

 
70.6

Net tangible assets
1.3

 
59.6

Total purchase price
$
64.3

 
$
1,319.8

All the acquisitions were funded by cash generated from operations or facility borrowings.
For business acquisitions, we recorded the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their fair values as of the applicable date of acquisition. For assets acquisitions, we recorded the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their estimated and relative fair values as of the applicable date of acquisition.

We believe these acquisitions strengthen CooperSurgical's and CooperVision's businesses through the addition of new or complementary products and services.
Fiscal Year 2019

On December 31, 2018, CooperSurgical completed the acquisition of Incisive Surgical Inc., a privately-held U.S. medical device company that develops mechanical surgical solutions for skin closure. The purchase price allocation is preliminary and we are in the process of finalizing information primarily related to taxes and the corresponding impact on goodwill.

11

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)






On December 28, 2018, CooperVision completed the acquisition of Blanchard Contact Lenses. Blanchard is a privately-held scleral lens company, which expands CooperVision's specialty and scleral lens portfolio. The purchase price allocation is preliminary and we are in the process of finalizing information primarily related to accrued liabilities, other assets, taxes and the corresponding impact on goodwill.
The pro forma results of operations of these acquisitions have not been presented because the effects of the business combinations described above, individually and in the aggregate, were not material to our consolidated results of operations.
Fiscal Year 2018

PARAGARD

On November 1, 2017, CooperSurgical acquired the assets of the PARAGARD Intrauterine Device (IUD) business (PARAGARD) from Teva Pharmaceuticals Industries Limited for $1.1 billion. This asset acquisition broadened and strengthened CooperSurgical's product portfolio. PARAGARD® is the only hormone-free, long lasting, reversible contraceptive approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) available in the United States.

The following table summarizes the relative fair values of net assets acquired and liabilities assumed using the cost accumulation and allocation model:
(In millions)
Relative Fair Value
Composite intangible asset (1)
$
1,061.9

Assembled workforce intangible asset (2)
1.2

Property, plant and equipment
2.0

Inventory (3)
47.3

Other assets
9.4

Total assets acquired
$
1,121.8

Less: liabilities assumed
16.4

Total Purchase Price
$
1,105.4


The Company proportionally allocated the acquisition costs to the net assets acquired. The acquisition-related costs included advisory, legal, valuation and other professional fees.

(1) Composite Intangible asset consists of technology, trade name, New Drug Application (NDA) approval and physician relationships, which have been valued as a single composite intangible asset as they are inextricably linked. The composite asset was identified as the primary asset acquired, was valued using the Multi-Period Excess Earnings Method and will be amortized over 15 years.
(2) An assembled workforce was recognized as a separate acquired intangible asset, given the purchase of assets and will be amortized over 5 years.
(3) Inventory relative fair value includes step up of $45.4 million.
Other Acquisitions
On April 3, 2018, CooperSurgical completed the acquisition of The LifeGlobal Group (LifeGlobal). LifeGlobal was a privately held company that specializes primarily in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) media. LifeGlobal’s product categories include media products as well as IVF laboratory air filtration products and dishware. We have completed the purchase price allocation for this acquisition.
On January 4, 2018, CooperVision acquired Blueyes Ltd, a long-standing distribution partner, with a leading position in the distribution of contact lenses to the Optical and Pharmacy sector in Israel. We have completed the purchase price allocation for this acquisition.

12

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





On December 1, 2017, CooperVision acquired Paragon Vision Sciences, a leading provider of orthokeratology (ortho-k) specialty contact lenses and oxygen permeable rigid contact lens materials. Ortho-k contact lenses are overnight lenses which enable corneal topography correction for myopia (nearsightedness) patients. We have completed the purchase price allocation for this acquisition.

Note 4. Inventories
(In millions)
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
Raw materials
$
122.6

 
$
112.5

Work-in-process
12.3

 
12.6

Finished goods
358.2

 
343.7

 
$
493.1

 
$
468.8

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is computed using standard cost that approximates actual cost, on a first-in, first-out basis.

Note 5. Intangible Assets

Goodwill
(In millions)
CooperVision
 
CooperSurgical
 
Total
Balance at October 31, 2017
$
1,735.7

 
$
619.1

 
$
2,354.8

Net additions during the year ended October 31, 2018
36.8

 
34.4

 
71.2

Translation
(29.6
)
 
(4.3
)
 
(33.9
)
Balance at October 31, 2018
1,742.9

 
649.2

 
2,392.1

Net additions during the six months ended April 30, 2019
13.8

 
22.0

 
35.8

Translation
11.2

 
(0.6
)
 
10.6

Balance at April 30, 2019
$
1,767.9

 
$
670.6

 
$
2,438.5


During the three months ended April 30, 2019, there was a change in the reporting units as a result of realignment in the internal reporting structure of the business around markets and customers at CooperSurgical. As such, Cooper Surgical has evolved into two reporting units, namely, Office/Surgical and Fertility, which reflects management oversight of operations. These reporting units, including CooperVision, will be tested for potential goodwill impairment annually as of the third quarter of each fiscal year. The change in reporting units did not result in a change in operating segments. We allocated CooperSurgical's goodwill based on relative fair values utilizing the discounted cash flow method and guideline public company method as our allocation base, and the allocated fair values exceeded the carrying values for each of the three reporting units as of April 30, 2019.

The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment annually during the fiscal third quarter and when an event occurs, or circumstances change such that it is reasonably possible that impairment may exist. The Company accounts for goodwill and evaluates its goodwill balances and tests them for impairment in accordance with related accounting standards. The Company performs impairment tests of goodwill at the reporting unit level, which is one level below operating segments. Reporting units are identified as components for which discrete financial information is available and is regularly reviewed by management. Under the impairment test, if a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its estimated fair value, goodwill impairment is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds the fair value of the goodwill. The Company performed its annual impairment assessment in its third quarters of fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017 respectively, and its analysis indicated that the Company had no impairment of goodwill.





13

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)







Other Intangible Assets
 
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
 
 
(In millions)
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Weighted Average Amortization Period (In years)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets with definite lives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trademarks
$
147.8

 
$
22.0

 
$
138.1

 
$
16.9

 
14
Composite intangible asset
1,061.9

 
106.1

 
1,061.9

 
70.8

 
15
Technology
397.9

 
206.1

 
387.2

 
190.7

 
11
Customer relationships
357.7

 
181.3

 
350.0

 
168.6

 
13
License and distribution rights and other(1)
67.3

 
51.9

 
74.9

 
52.7

 
7
 
2,032.6

 
$
567.4

 
2,012.1

 
$
499.7

 
14
Less: accumulated amortization and translation
567.4

 
 
 
499.7

 
 
 
 
Intangible assets with definite lives, net
1,465.2

 
 
 
1,512.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets with indefinite lives, net (2)
8.9

 
 
 
8.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total other intangible assets, net
$
1,474.1

 
 
 
$
1,521.3

 
 
 
 
(1) In the second quarter of fiscal 2019, CooperSurgical sold an exclusive distribution right to distribute Filshie Clip System in the U.S. for $21.0 million and recognized a gain of $19.0 million.
(2) Intangible assets with indefinite lives include trademark and technology intangible assets.
Balances include foreign currency translation adjustments.
As of April 30, 2019, the estimation of amortization expenses for intangible assets with definite lives is as follows:
Fiscal years:
(In millions)
Remainder of 2019
$
71.8

2020
135.5

2021
134.2

2022
132.4

2023
130.1

Thereafter
861.2

Total remaining amortization for intangible assets with definite lives
$
1,465.2















14

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





Note 6. Debt
(In millions)
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
Overdraft and other credit facilities
$
54.7

 
$
37.1

Term loans
400.0

 

Less: unamortized debt issuance cost
(0.1
)
 

Short-term Debt
$
454.6

 
$
37.1

 
 
 
 
Revolving credit
$

 
$
439.0

Term loans
1,475.0

 
1,550.0

Other
0.2

 
0.2

Less: unamortized debt issuance cost
(2.9
)
 
(3.5
)
Long-term Debt
$
1,472.3

 
$
1,985.7

 
 
 
 
Total Debt
$
1,926.9

 
$
2,022.8


$400 million Term Loan on November 1, 2018
On November 1, 2018, the Company entered into a 364-day, $400.0 million, senior unsecured term loan agreement by and among the Company, the lenders party thereto and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent which matures on October 31, 2019 (the 2018 Term Loan Agreement). The Company used the funds to partially repay outstanding borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. At April 30, 2019, we had $400.0 million outstanding under the 2018 Term Loan Agreement.
Amounts outstanding under the 2018 Term Loan Agreement will bear interest, at the Company's option, at either the base rate, or the adjusted LIBO rate (each as defined in the 2018 Term Loan Agreement), plus, in each case, an applicable rate of 0.00% in respect of base rate loans and 0.60% in respect of adjusted LIBO rate loans. The weighted average interest rate for the three months and six months ended April 30, 2019 were 3.10% and 3.04%, respectively.

The 2018 Term Loan Agreement contains customary restrictive covenants, as well as financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a certain Total Leverage Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio (each as defined in the 2018 Term Loan Agreement) consistent with the 2016 Credit Agreement discussed below.
$1.425 billion Term Loan on November 1, 2017
On November 1, 2017, in connection with the PARAGARD acquisition, we entered into a five-year, $1.425 billion, senior unsecured term loan agreement (the 2017 Term Loan Agreement) by and among the Company, the lenders party thereto and DNB Bank ASA, New York Branch, as administrative agent which matures on November 1, 2022. The Company used part of the facility to fund the PARAGARD acquisition and used the remainder of the funds to partially repay outstanding borrowings under our revolving credit agreement.
Amounts outstanding under the 2017 Term Loan Agreement will bear interest, at our option, at either the base rate, or the adjusted LIBO rate (each as defined in the 2017 Term Loan Agreement), plus, in each case, an applicable rate of, between 0.00% and 0.75% in respect of base rate loans and between 1.00% and 1.75% in respect of adjusted LIBO rate loans, in each case in accordance with a pricing grid tied to the Total Leverage Ratio as defined in the 2017 Term Loan Agreement.

The 2017 Term Loan Agreement contains customary restrictive covenants, as well as financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a certain Total Leverage Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio (each as defined in the 2017 Term Loan Agreement) consistent with the 2016 Credit Agreement discussed below. At April 30, 2019, we had $1.425 billion outstanding under the 2017 Term Loan Agreement.
Revolving Credit and Term Loan Agreement on March 1, 2016
On March 1, 2016, we entered into a Revolving Credit and Term Loan Agreement (the 2016 Credit Agreement), among the Company, CooperVision International Holding Company, LP, the lenders party thereto and KeyBank National Association, as administrative agent. The 2016 Credit Agreement provides for a multicurrency revolving credit facility in an aggregate

15

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





principal amount of $1.0 billion (the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility) and a term loan facility in an aggregate principal amount of $830.0 million (the 2016 Term Loan Facility), each of which, unless terminated earlier, mature on March 1, 2021. In addition, we have the ability from time to time to request an increase to the size of the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility or establish one or more new term loans under the 2016 Term Loan Facility in an aggregate amount up to $750.0 million, subject to the discretionary participation of the lenders.

Amounts outstanding under the 2016 Credit Agreement will bear interest, at our option, at either the base rate, or the adjusted LIBO rate or adjusted foreign currency rate (each as defined in the 2016 Credit Agreement), plus, in each case, an applicable rate of between 0.00% and 0.75% in respect of base rate loans and between 1.00% and 1.75% in respect of adjusted LIBO rate or adjusted foreign currency rate loans, in each case in accordance with a pricing grid tied to the Total Leverage Ratio, as defined in the 2016 Credit Agreement.

We pay an annual commitment fee that ranges from 0.125% to 0.25% of the unused portion of the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility depending on certain financial ratios. In addition to the annual commitment fee described above, we are also required to pay certain letter of credit and related fronting fees and other administrative fees pursuant to the terms of the 2016 Credit Agreement.

At April 30, 2019, we had $50.0 million outstanding under the 2016 Term Loan Facility and $999.5 million available under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility.

The 2016 Credit Agreement contains customary restrictive covenants, as well as financial covenants that require us to maintain a certain Total Leverage Ratio and Interest Coverage Ratio (each as defined in the 2016 Credit Agreement):
Interest Coverage Ratio, as defined, to be at least 3.00 to 1.00 at all times.
Total Leverage Ratio, as defined, to be no higher than 3.75 to 1.00.
At April 30, 2019, we were in compliance with the Interest Coverage Ratio at 11.17 to 1.00 and the Total Leverage Ratio at 1.99 to 1.00 for 2018 Term Loan Agreement, the 2017 Term Loan Agreement, and the 2016 Credit Agreement. The interest rate on the 2017 and 2016 term loans was 3.75% at April 30, 2019.
Refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2018 for more details.

Note 7. Income Taxes
Recent Tax Legislation
The 2017 Act was enacted into law on December 22, 2017 and significantly changes existing U.S. tax law. The 2017 Act adopts a territorial tax system, imposes a mandatory one-time transition tax on earnings of foreign subsidiaries that were previously indefinitely reinvested, and reduces the U.S. federal statutory tax rate from 35% to 21%. For second quarter of fiscal 2019, the Company has utilized the enacted U.S. federal statutory tax rate of 21%.
The 2017 Act includes several provisions that are effective for our fiscal 2019: (i) tax on global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) of foreign subsidiaries, (ii) tax on certain payments between a U.S. corporation and its foreign subsidiaries referred to as the base erosion and anti-abuse tax (BEAT), (iii) limitation on the tax deduction for interest payments, and (iv) expanded limitation on the tax deduction for compensation paid to certain executives.

The 2017 Act was effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we recorded tax benefit of $4.4 million in our financial statements to finalize the tax effects of the 2017 Act pursuant to SAB 118. The Company is no longer asserting that earnings from our foreign subsidiaries are indefinitely reinvested.

The 2017 Act imposes a new tax on foreign earnings and profits in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of foreign subsidiaries referred to as GILTI which is effective in fiscal 2019. In accordance with FASB Staff Q&A, Topic 740, No. 5, Accounting for Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income, the Company made an accounting policy election to recognize the tax expense related to GILTI in the year the tax is incurred.



16

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





Effective Tax Rate
The Company's effective tax rates were an expense of 4.5% and a benefit of 12.9% for the second quarters of fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018, respectively, and a benefit of 1.7% and an expense of 147.8% for the first six months of fiscal 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increase in our effective tax rate for the second quarter of fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018 was primarily due to the inclusion of earnings from our foreign subsidiaries pursuant to the GILTI provisions that became effective in fiscal 2019. The decrease in our effective tax rate for the first six months of fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018 was primarily due to the provisional charge of $202.0 million relating to the 2017 Act that was recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. Our effective tax rate for the first six months of fiscal 2019 was lower than the U.S. statutory rate because of discrete tax benefits and a favorable mix of income from our foreign jurisdictions with lower tax rates. Total discrete tax benefits for the first six months of fiscal 2019 were $23.1 million primarily relating to settlement of tax audits, revisions to the provisional tax charges relating to the 2017 Act, and excess tax benefits from share-based compensation. Our effective tax rate for the first six months of fiscal 2018 was higher than the U.S. statutory rate because of the discrete tax expense relating to the 2017 Act, which was partially offset by a favorable mix of income from our foreign jurisdictions with lower tax rates and an excess tax benefit from share-based compensation.

We recognize the benefit from a tax position only if it is more likely than not that the position would be sustained upon audit based solely on the technical merits of the tax position. As of April 30, 2019, and October 31, 2018, Cooper had unrecognized tax benefits of $49.1 million and $68.9 million, respectively. The decrease is primarily related to settling prior year tax audits, partially offset by additions to current period transfer pricing reserves. It is our policy to recognize interest and penalties directly related to income taxes as additional income tax expense. It is reasonably possible that $3.1 million of unrecognized tax benefits could be settled during the next twelve months.

The Company is subject to U.S. Federal income tax examinations for fiscal 2015 through 2018 and the Internal Revenue Service is currently auditing our U.S. Consolidated Corporation Income Tax Returns for fiscal 2015 and 2016. The Company remains subject to income tax examinations in other significant tax jurisdictions including the United Kingdom, Japan, France and Australia for the tax years 2015 through 2018.

Note 8. Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
(In millions, except per share amounts)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income (loss)
$
122.4

 
$
60.9

 
$
225.5

 
$
(61.6
)
Basic:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares
49.4

 
49.1

 
49.3

 
49.0

Basic earnings (loss) per share
$
2.48

 
$
1.24

 
$
4.57

 
$
(1.26
)
Diluted:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares
49.4

 
49.1

 
49.3

 
49.0

Effect of potential dilutive shares
0.6

 
0.5

 
0.6

 

Diluted weighted average common shares*
50.0

 
49.6

 
49.9

 
49.0

Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Cooper stockholders
$
2.45

 
$
1.23

 
$
4.52

 
$
(1.26
)
*The number of diluted weighted average common shares used to calculate fiscal 2018 six months diluted loss per share excludes all potentially dilutive instrument because they would be antidilutive due to the net loss position.


17

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





The following table sets forth stock options to purchase Cooper’s common stock and restricted stock units that were not included in the diluted earnings per share calculation because their effect would have been antidilutive for the periods presented:
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
(In thousands, except exercise prices)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Number of stock option shares excluded
198

 
199

 
322

 
1,145

Range of exercise prices
$
254.77

 
$
229.66

 
$226.30-$254.77

 
$15.83-$229.66

Numbers of restricted stock units excluded
25

 
81

 
26

 
575


Note 9. Share-Based Compensation Plans
Cooper has several share-based compensation plans that are described in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2018. The compensation expense and related income tax benefit recognized in our consolidated condensed financial statements for share-based awards were as follows:
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
(In millions)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Selling, general and administrative expense
$
6.1

 
$
12.8

 
$
15.3

 
$
23.6

Cost of sales
1.4

 
0.3

 
2.9

 
1.6

Research and development expense
0.9

 
0.5

 
1.9

 
1.1

Total share-based compensation expense
$
8.4

 
$
13.6

 
$
20.1

 
$
26.3

Related income tax benefit
$
1.1

 
$
3.1

 
$
2.9

 
$
5.6

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

On March 18, 2019, the Company received stockholder approval of the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). The first offering period is for U.S. employees and is expected to begin on November 4, 2019. The purpose of the ESPP is to provide eligible employees of the Company with the opportunity to acquire shares of common stock at 85% of the market price on the last business day of each offering period by means of accumulated payroll deductions. Payroll deductions will be limited to maximum of 15% of the employee’s eligible compensation, not to exceed $21,250 in any one calendar year. The ESPP would initially authorize the issuance of 1,000,000 shares of common stock. These shares will be made available from shares of common stock reacquired by the Company as Treasury Stock. At April 30, 2019, there were approximately 3.6 million Treasury shares.

Note 10. Stockholders’ Equity
Analysis of Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income:
(In millions)
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment
 
Minimum Pension Liability
 
Total
Balance at October 31, 2017
$
(353.7
)
 
$
(21.6
)
 
$
(375.3
)
Gross change in value during the year ended October 31, 2018
(58.5
)
 
11.0

 
(47.5
)
Tax effect for the period

 
(3.1
)
 
(3.1
)
ASU 2018-02 adoption(1)

 
(4.8
)
 
(4.8
)
Balance at October 31, 2018
$
(412.2
)
 
$
(18.5
)
 
$
(430.7
)
Gross change in value during the six months ended April 30, 2019
14.1

 

 
14.1

Balance at April 30, 2019
$
(398.1
)
 
$
(18.5
)
 
$
(416.6
)
(1)
Represents reclassification to retained earnings from adoption of ASU 2018-02. Refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2018 for more details.
Share Repurchases
In December 2011, our Board of Directors authorized the 2012 Share Repurchase Program and through subsequent amendments, the most recent in March 2017, the total repurchase authorization was increased from $500.0 million to $1.0

18

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





billion of the Company's common stock. This program has no expiration date and may be discontinued at any time. Purchases under the 2012 Share Repurchase Program are subject to a review of the circumstances in place at the time and may be made from time to time as permitted by securities laws and other legal requirements.
We did not repurchase shares in the second quarter of fiscal 2019. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019, we repurchased 24.5 thousand shares of the Company's common stock for $6.1 million, at an average purchase price of $248.70 per share. We did not repurchase shares during the fiscal year ended October 31, 2018. At April 30, 2019, $557.4 million remains authorized for repurchase under the program.
Dividends
We paid a semiannual dividend of approximately $1.5 million or 3 cents per share on February 8, 2019, to stockholders of record on January 22, 2019.

Note 11. Fair Value Measurements
Accounting standards define fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. An asset’s or liability’s level is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Assets and liabilities carried at fair value are valued and disclosed in one of the following three levels of the valuation hierarchy:
Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs reflecting the reporting entity’s own assumptions.
At April 30, 2019 and October 31, 2018, the carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, prepaid expense and other current assets, lines of credit, accounts payable and other current liabilities approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of such instruments and the ability to obtain financing on similar terms.

The carrying value of our revolving credit facility and term loans approximates fair value estimated based on current market rates (Level 2). The Company did not have any derivative assets or liabilities that may include interest rate swaps, cross currency swaps or foreign currency forward contracts as of April 30, 2019 and October 31, 2018.
Nonrecurring fair value measurements

The Company uses fair value measures when determining assets and liabilities acquired in an acquisition as described in Note 3. Acquisitions which are considered a Level 3 measurement. The Company also used fair value measures to allocate goodwill upon the split of our reporting units as discussed in Note 5. Intangible Assets which was considered a Level 3 measurement.


Note 12. Employee Benefits
Cooper’s Retirement Income Plan (the Plan), a defined benefit plan, covers substantially all full-time United States employees. Our contributions are designed to fund normal cost on a current basis and to fund the estimated prior service cost of benefit improvements. The unit credit actuarial cost method is used to determine the annual cost. Cooper pays the entire cost of the Plan and funds such costs as they accrue. Virtually all of the assets of the Plan are comprised of equities and participation in equity and fixed income funds.
Our results of operations for the three and six months ended April 30, 2019 and 2018, reflect the following components of net periodic pension costs:
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
(In millions)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Service cost
$
2.7

 
$
2.7

 
$
5.4

 
$
5.4

Interest cost
1.3

 
1.3

 
2.5

 
2.5

Expected return on plan assets
(2.3
)
 
(2.3
)
 
(4.6
)
 
(4.6
)
Recognized net actuarial loss
0.4

 
0.4

 
0.8

 
0.8

Net periodic pension cost
$
2.1

 
$
2.1

 
$
4.1

 
$
4.1

We contributed $2.5 million to the Plan in the first half of fiscal 2019 and expect to contribute $7.5 million during the remainder of fiscal 2019. We contributed $2.5 million to the Plan in the first half of fiscal 2018. The expected rate of return on Plan assets for determining net periodic pension cost is 8%.


Note 13. Contingencies

Since March 2015, over 50 putative class action complaints were filed by contact lens consumers alleging that contact lens manufacturers, in conjunction with their respective Unilateral Pricing Policy (UPP), conspired to reach agreements between each other and certain distributors and retailers regarding the prices at which certain contact lenses could be sold to consumers. The plaintiffs are seeking damages against CooperVision, Inc., other contact lens manufacturers, distributors and retailers, in various courts around the United States. In June 2015, all of the class action cases were consolidated and transferred to the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida. In August 2017, CooperVision entered into a settlement agreement with the plaintiffs, without any admission of liability, to settle all claims against CooperVision. In July 2018, the Court approved the plaintiffs’ motion for preliminary approval of the settlement, and the Company paid the $3.0 million settlement amount into an escrow account. The settlement remains subject to final Court approval at a future hearing to be set by the Court.

The Company is involved in various lawsuits, claims and other legal matters from time to time that arise in the ordinary course of conducting business, including matters involving our products, intellectual property, supplier relationships, distributors, competitor relationships, employees and other matters. The Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these proceedings or claims pending against it could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or results of operations. At each reporting period, the Company evaluates whether or not a potential loss amount or a potential range of loss is probable and reasonably estimable under ASC 450, Contingencies. Legal fees are expensed as incurred.

Note 14. Business Segment Information
Cooper uses operating income, as presented in our financial reports, as the primary measure of segment profitability. We do not allocate costs from corporate functions to segment operating income. Items below operating income are not considered when measuring the profitability of a segment. We use the same accounting policies to generate segment results as we do for our consolidated results.
Total identifiable assets are those used in continuing operations except cash and cash equivalents, which we include as corporate assets.
Segment information:
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
(In millions)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
CooperVision net sales by category:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Toric lens
$
155.3

 
$
150.8

 
301.3

 
288.6

Multifocal lens
49.7

 
49.1

 
98.7

 
96.1

Single-use sphere lens
135.3

 
124.4

 
267.3

 
240.7

Non single-use sphere and other
143.9

 
143.2

 
287.0

 
286.9

Total CooperVision net sales
484.2

 
467.5

 
954.3

 
912.3

CooperSurgical net sales by category:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Office and surgical procedures
105.7

 
97.9

 
201.4

 
186.0

Fertility
64.4

 
65.9

 
126.7

 
123.0

CooperSurgical net sales
170.1

 
163.8

 
328.1

 
309.0

Total net sales
$
654.3

 
$
631.3

 
$
1,282.4

 
$
1,221.3

Operating income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CooperVision
$
125.5

 
$
123.5

 
$
241.7

 
$
235.8

CooperSurgical
31.1

 
(29.8
)
 
38.3

 
(39.2
)
Corporate
(9.7
)
 
(19.0
)
 
(22.2
)
 
(31.8
)
Total operating income
146.9

 
74.7

 
257.8

 
164.8

Interest expense
18.5

 
18.7

 
36.6

 
37.1

Other expense (income), net
0.3

 
2.0

 
(0.7
)
 
(1.1
)
Income before income taxes
$
128.1

 
$
54.0

 
$
221.9

 
$
128.8


19

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements
(Unaudited)





(In millions)
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
Total identifiable assets:
 
 
 
CooperVision
$
3,833.3

 
$
3,746.0

CooperSurgical
2,191.4

 
2,201.7

Corporate
178.7

 
165.1

Total
$
6,203.4

 
$
6,112.8

Geographic information:
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
(In millions)
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales to unaffiliated customers by country of domicile:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
305.9

 
$
293.2

 
$
584.9

 
$
554.6

Europe
209.5

 
210.4

 
419.2

 
413.8

Rest of world
138.9

 
127.7

 
278.3

 
252.9

Total
$
654.3

 
$
631.3

 
$
1,282.4

 
$
1,221.3


(In millions)
April 30, 2019
 
October 31, 2018
Net property, plant and equipment by country of domicile:
 
 
 
United States
$
558.7

 
$
516.7

Europe
345.6

 
340.7

Rest of world
128.4

 
118.6

Total
$
1,032.7

 
$
976.0

 

20

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations




Note numbers refer to “Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements” in Item 1. Unaudited Financial Statements.

Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These include statements relating to plans, prospects, goals, strategies, future actions, events or performance and other statements which are other than statements of historical fact, including all statements regarding acquisitions including the acquired companies' financial position, market position, product development and business strategy, expected cost synergies, expected timing and benefits of the transaction, difficulties in integrating entities or operations, as well as estimates of our and the acquired entities' future expenses, sales and earnings per share are forward-looking. In addition, all statements regarding anticipated growth in our revenue, anticipated effects of any product recalls, anticipated market conditions, planned product launches and expected results of operations and integration of any acquisition are forward-looking. To identify these statements, look for words like “believes,” “outlook,” “probable,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “seeks,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or “anticipates” and similar words or phrases. Forward-looking statements necessarily depend on assumptions, data or methods that may be incorrect or imprecise and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Among the factors that could cause our actual results and future actions to differ materially from those described in forward-looking statements are:
Adverse changes in global political and economic conditions, and related uncertainty caused by the United Kingdom’s election to withdraw from the European Union and its potential impact on, among other things, the movement of goods and materials in our supply chain, additional regulatory approvals and requirements, and increased tariffs and duties.
Adverse changes in the global or regional general business, political and economic conditions, including the impact of continuing uncertainty and instability of certain countries, such as China, that could adversely affect our global markets, and the potential adverse economic impact and related uncertainty caused by these items, including but not limited to, escalating global trade barriers including additional tariffs.
Foreign currency exchange rate and interest rate fluctuations including the risk of fluctuations in the value of foreign currencies or interest rates that would decrease our revenues and earnings.
Changes in tax laws or their interpretation and changes in statutory tax rates, including but not limited to, the U.S., the United Kingdom and other countries may affect our taxation of earnings recognized in foreign jurisdictions and/or negatively impact our effective tax rate.
Our existing indebtedness and associated interest expense, most of which is variable and impacted by rate increases, which could adversely affect our financial health or limit our ability to borrow additional funds.
Acquisition-related adverse effects including the failure to successfully obtain the anticipated revenues, margins and earnings benefits of acquisitions, integration delays or costs and the requirement to record significant adjustments to the preliminary fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed within the measurement period, required regulatory approvals for an acquisition not being obtained or being delayed or subject to conditions that are not anticipated, adverse impacts of changes to accounting controls and reporting procedures, contingent liabilities or indemnification obligations, increased leverage and lack of access to available financing (including financing for the acquisition or refinancing of debt owed by us on a timely basis and on reasonable terms).
Compliance costs and potential liability in connection with U.S. and foreign laws and health care regulations pertaining to privacy and security of third- party information, such as HIPAA in the U.S. and the General Data Protection Regulation requirements in Europe, including but not limited to those resulting from data security breaches.
A major disruption in the operations of our manufacturing, accounting and financial reporting, research and development, distribution facilities or raw material supply chain due to integration of acquisitions, natural disasters or other causes.

21

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations




A major disruption in the operations of our manufacturing, accounting and financial reporting, research and development or distribution facilities due to technological problems, including any related to our information systems maintenance, enhancements or new system deployments, integrations or upgrades.
Disruptions in supplies of raw materials, particularly components used to manufacture our silicone hydrogel lenses.
New U.S. and foreign government laws and regulations, and changes in existing laws, regulations and enforcement guidance, which affect areas of our operations including, but not limited to, those affecting the health care industry, including the contact lens industry specifically and the medical device or pharmaceutical industries generally.
Legal costs, insurance expenses, settlement costs and the risk of an adverse decision, prohibitive injunction or settlement related to product liability, patent infringement or other litigation.
Limitations on sales following product introductions due to poor market acceptance.
New competitors, product innovations or technologies, including but not limited to, technological advances by competitors, new products and patents attained by competitors, and competitors' expansion through acquisitions.
Reduced sales, loss of customers and costs and expenses related to product recalls and warning letters.
Failure to receive, or delays in receiving, regulatory approvals for products.
Failure of our customers and end users to obtain adequate coverage and reimbursement from third-party payors for our products and services.
The requirement to provide for a significant liability or to write off, or accelerate depreciation on, a significant asset, including goodwill, other intangible assets and idle manufacturing facilities and equipment.
The success of our research and development activities and other start-up projects.
Dilution to earnings per share from acquisitions or issuing stock.
Impact and costs incurred from changes in accounting standards and policies.
Environmental risks, including increasing environmental legislation and the broader impacts of climate change.
Other events described in our Securities and Exchange Commission filings, including the “Business” and “Risk Factors” sections in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2018, as such Risk Factors may be updated in quarterly filings.
We caution investors that forward-looking statements reflect our analysis only on their stated date. We disclaim any intent to update them except as required by law.



22

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations




Results of Operations
In this section, we discuss the results of our operations for the second quarter of fiscal 2019 ended April 30, 2019 and the six months then ended and compare them with the same periods of fiscal 2018. We discuss our cash flows and current financial condition under “Capital Resources and Liquidity.” Within the tables presented, percentages are calculated based on the underlying whole-dollar amounts and, therefore, may not recalculate exactly from the rounded numbers used for disclosure purposes.
    netsalesq22019a01.jpg

Second Quarter Highlights
Gross profit $432.6 million, up 7% from $404.5 million in the prior year period
Operating income $146.9 million, up 97% from $74.7 million in the prior year period
Diluted earnings per share of $2.45, up 99% from $1.23 per share in the prior year period
Cash provided by operations $214.8 million, compared to $170.8 million in the prior year period.

Six Months Highlights
Gross profit $851.1 million, up 10% from $775.4 million in the prior year period
Operating income $257.8 million, up 56% from $164.8 million in the prior year period
Diluted earnings per share of $4.52, up from $1.26 diluted loss per share in the prior year period
Cash provided by operations $316.6 million, compared to $197.1 million in the prior year period.

23

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations




Outlook
Overall, we remain optimistic about the long-term prospects for the worldwide contact lens and general health care markets. However, events affecting the economy as a whole, including but not limited to the uncertainty and instability of global markets driven by foreign currency volatility, changes in tax legislation, debt concerns, the uncertainty caused by the United Kingdom's upcoming withdrawal from the European Union, global trade barriers including additional tariffs and the trend of consolidations within the health care industry, impact our current performance and continue to represent a risk to our future performance.
CooperVision - We compete in the worldwide contact lens market with our spherical, toric and multifocal contact lenses offered in a variety of materials including using silicone hydrogel Aquaform® technology and phosphorylcholine technology (PC) Technology™. We believe that there will be lower contact lens wearer dropout rates as technology improves and enhances the wearing experience through a combination of improved designs and materials and the growth of preferred modalities such as single-use and monthly wearing options. Recent acquisitions also expanded CooperVision's access to myopia management markets with new products, such as orthokeratology (ortho-k), specialty contact lenses and oxygen permeable rigid contact lens material. CooperVision is focused on greater worldwide market penetration using recently introduced products, and we continue to expand our presence in existing and emerging markets, including through acquisitions.
CooperVision acquired the following entity during the six months ended April 30, 2019:

Blanchard Contact Lenses on December 28, 2018 - a privately-held scleral lens company, which expands CooperVision's specialty and scleral lens portfolio.
CooperVision acquired the following entities during the six months ended April 30, 2018:
Blueyes on January 4, 2018 - a long-standing distribution partner, which had a leading position in the distribution of contact lenses to the optical and pharmacy sector in Israel

Paragon Vision Sciences on December 1, 2017 - a leading provider of orthokeratology (ortho-k) specialty contact lenses and oxygen permeable rigid contact lens materials.
Our ability to compete successfully with a full range of silicone hydrogel products is an important factor to achieving our desired future levels of sales growth and profitability. CooperVision manufactures and markets a wide variety of silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Our daily silicone hydrogel franchises, clariti® and MyDay®, remain a focus as we expect increasing demand for these products, as well as future single-use products as the global contact lens market continues to shift in this direction. Outside of dailies, the Biofinity® and Avaira Vitality® product families comprise our focus in the FRP, or frequent replacement product, market which encompasses the 2-week and monthly modalities. Included in this segment are unique products such as Biofinity Energys®, which helps individuals with digital eye fatigue.
CooperSurgical - Our CooperSurgical business competes in the general health care market with a focus on advancing the health of women, babies and families through a diversified portfolio of products and services focusing on women's health, fertility, diagnostics and contraception. CooperSurgical has established its market presence and distribution system by developing products and acquiring companies, products and services that complement its business model.
CooperSurgical acquired the following entity during the six months ended April 30, 2019:
Incisive Surgical Inc. on December 31, 2018 - a privately-held U.S. medical device company that develops mechanical surgical solutions for skin closure.
CooperSurgical acquired the following entities during the six months ended April 30, 2018:
LifeGlobal Group on April 3, 2018 - a privately held company that specializes primarily in IVF media. LifeGlobal’s product categories include media products, IVF laboratory air filtration products and dishware

PARAGARD on November 1, 2017 - CooperSurgical acquired the assets of the PARAGARD IUD business from Teva for $1.1 billion. PARAGARD broadened and strengthened CooperSurgical's women's health product portfolio and it is the only non-hormonal, long lasting, reversible contraceptive option approved by the FDA and available in

24

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations




the United States. IUDs represent a large and growing segment of the Long Acting Reversible Contraceptive market.
We intend to continue investing in CooperSurgical's business with the goal of expanding our integrated solutions model within the areas of women's health, fertility, diagnostics and contraception.

Capital Resources - At April 30, 2019, we had $104.6 million in unrestricted cash, primarily held outside the United States, and $999.5 million available under our 2016 Revolving Credit Facility (as defined below). Term loans of $1,875.0 million remained outstanding at April 30, 2019.

On November 1, 2018, the Company entered into a 364-day, $400.0 million, senior unsecured term loan agreement by and among the Company, the lenders party thereto and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent which matures on October 31, 2019 (the 2018 Term Loan Agreement). The Company used the funds to partially repay outstanding borrowings under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility. At April 30, 2019, we had $400.0 million outstanding under the 2018 Term Loan Agreement.
On November 1, 2017, we entered into a $1.425 billion syndicated Term Loan Agreement (the 2017 Term Loan Agreement) which matures on November 1, 2022, to fund the acquisition of PARAGARD, to partially repay outstanding amounts under the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility, and for general corporate purposes. At April 30, 2019, we had $1.425 billion outstanding under the 2017 Term Loan Agreement.
On March 1, 2016, we entered into a syndicated revolving Credit and Term Loan Agreement (the 2016 Credit Agreement). This agreement, maturing on March 1, 2021, provides for a multi-currency revolving credit facility in an aggregate principal amount of $1.0 billion (the 2016 Revolving Credit Facility) and a term loan facility in the aggregate principal amount of $830.0 million (the 2016 Term Loan Facility). At April 30, 2019, we had $50.0 million outstanding under the 2016 Term Loan Facility. See Note 6. Debt of the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

The Company believes that current cash, cash equivalents and future cash flow from operating activities will be sufficient to meet the Company’s anticipated cash needs, including working capital needs, capital expenditures and contractual obligations for at least 12 months from the issuance date of the financial statements included in this quarterly report. To the extent additional funds are necessary to meet our liquidity needs such as that for acquisitions, share repurchases, cash dividends or other activities as we execute our business strategy, we anticipate that additional funds will be obtained through the incurrence of additional indebtedness, additional equity financings or a combination of these potential sources of funds; however, such financing may not be available on favorable terms, or at all.

Selected Statistical Information – Percentage of Net Sales
 
Three Months
 
Six Months
 
Percentage of Sales
 
2019 vs 2018 % Change in Absolute Values
 
Percentage of Sales
 
2019 vs 2018 % Change in Absolute Values
Periods Ended April 30,
2019
 
2018
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Net sales
100
%
 
100
%
 
4
 %
 
100
 %
 
100
%
 
5
 %
Cost of sales
34
%
 
36
%
 
(2
)%
 
34
 %
 
37
%
 
(3
)%
Gross profit
66
%
 
64
%
 
7
 %
 
66
 %
 
63
%
 
10
 %
Selling, general and administrative expense
38
%
 
39
%
 
 %
 
39
 %
 
39
%
 
5
 %
Research and development expense
3
%
 
3
%
 
1
 %
 
3
 %
 
3
%
 
6
 %
Amortization of intangibles
6
%
 
6
%
 
 %
 
6
 %
 
6
%
 
1
 %
Impairment of intangibles
%
 
4
%
 
 %
 
 %
 
2
%
 
 %
Gain on sale of an intangible
3
%
 
%
 
 %
 
1
 %
 
%
 
 %
Operating income
22
%
 
12
%
 
97
 %
 
20
 %
 
13
%
 
56
 %

25

THE COOPER COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition
and Results of Operations




Net Sales Growth by Business Unit
Periods Ended April 30,
Three Months
 
Six Months
($ in millions)
2019
 
2018
 
Increase
2019 vs 2018 % Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Increase
2019 vs 2018
% Change
CooperVision
$
484.2

 
$
467.5

 
$
16.7

4
%
 
$
954.3

 
$
912.3

 
$
42.0

5
%
CooperSurgical
170.1

 
163.8

 
6.3

4
%
 
328.1

 
309.0

 
19.1

6
%
Net sales
$
654.3

 
$
631.3

 
$
23.0

4
%
 
$
1,282.4

 
$
1,221.3

 
$
61.1

5
%
CooperVision Net Sales
The contact lens market has two major product categories:
Spherical lenses including lenses that correct near- and farsightedness uncomplicated by more complex visual defects
Toric and multifocal lenses including lenses that, in addition to correcting near- and farsightedness, address more complex visual defects such as astigmatism and presbyopia by adding optical properties of cylinder and axis, which correct for irregularities in the shape of the cornea.
CooperVision Net Sales by Category
chart-87fe569a77ad5170b48.jpgchart-34d71ca46c69518fb9b.jpg
Three Months Ended April 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
($ in millions)
 
2019
 
 
2018
 
2019 vs 2018
% Change
Toric
 
$
155.3

 
 
150.8

 
3
%
Multifocal
 
49.7

 
 
49.1

 
1
%
Single-use spheres
 
135.3

 
 
124.4

 
9
%
Non single-use sphere, other
 
143.9