As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 28, 2022
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended
Commission file number
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
PACASMAYO CEMENT CORPORATION
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Name, telephone, email and/or facsimile number and address of company contact person)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act.
|Title of each class||Trading Symbol(s)||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Shares, par value S/1.00 per share, in the form of American Depositary Shares, each representing five Common Shares||CPAC||New York Stock Exchange|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act: None
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report:
|At December 31, 2021|
4,238,397 investment shares*
Indicate by check mark if
the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ☐
If this report is an annual
or transition report, indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes ☐
Note- Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.
Indicate by check mark whether
the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the
preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such
filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Indicate by check mark whether
the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted
and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 203.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such other
period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
|Large accelerated filer ☐||Non-accelerated filer ☐|
|Emerging growth company ☐|
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
† The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
Indicate by check mark whether
the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control
over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm
that prepared or issued its audit report.
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the Registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:
|U.S. GAAP ☐||as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board ☒||Other ☐|
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the Registrant has elected to follow. Item 17 ☐ Item 18 ☐
If this is an annual report,
indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐
|*||Excluding 36,040,497 investment shares held in treasury.|
All references to “we,” “us,” “our,” “our company,” “Pacasmayo,” and “Cementos Pacasmayo” in this annual report are to Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A., a publicly-held corporation (sociedad anónima abierta) organized under the laws of Peru, and, unless the context requires otherwise, its consolidated subsidiaries. The term “U.S. dollar” and the symbol “US$” refer to the legal currency of the United States; and the term “sol” and the symbol “S/” refer to the legal currency of Peru.
Our consolidated financial statements included in this annual report have been prepared in soles and in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and audited in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).
In this annual report, we present EBITDA,which is a financial measure that is not recognized under IFRS. We refer to such financial measures as “non-IFRS” financial measures. A non-IFRS financial measure is generally defined as one that purports to measure financial performance; financial position or cash flows of the subject reporting company but excludes or includes amounts that would not be so adjusted in the most comparable IFRS measure. We present EBITDA because we believe it provides the reader with a supplemental measure of the financial performance of our core operations that facilitates period-to-period comparisons on a consistent basis. EBITDA should not be construed as an alternative to profit or operating profit, as an indicator of operating performance, as an alternative to cash flow provided by operating activities or as a measure of liquidity (in each case, as determined in accordance with IFRS). EBITDA, as calculated by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies, including those in the cement industry. For a calculation of EBITDA and a reconciliation of EBITDA to the most directly comparable IFRS financial measure, see “Item 4. Information on the Company—B. Business Overview—Overview.”
We have translated some of the soles amounts appearing in this annual report into U.S. dollars for convenience purposes only. Unless the context otherwise requires, the rate used to translate soles amounts to U.S. dollars was S/3.9865 to US$1.00, which was the average accounting exchange rate (tipo de cambio contable) reported on December 31, 2021, by the Peruvian Superintendence of Banks, Insurance and Private Pension Fund Administrators (Superintendencia de Banca, Seguros y AFPs, or “SBS”). The Federal Reserve Bank of New York does not report a noon buying rate for soles. The U.S. dollar equivalent information presented in this annual report is provided solely for convenience of the reader and should not be construed as implying that the soles amounts represent, or could have been or could be converted into, U.S. dollars at such rates or at any other rate.
Certain figures included in this annual report have been subject to rounding adjustments. Accordingly, figures shown as totals in certain tables may not be arithmetic aggregations of the figures that precede them.
We make estimates in this annual report regarding our competitive position and market share, as well as the market size and expected growth of the construction sector and cement industry in Peru. We have made these estimates on the basis of our management’s knowledge and statistics and other information available from the following sources:
|●||the Central Bank of Peru (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, or the “BCRP”);|
|●||the National Statistical Institute of Peru (Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, or “INEI”);|
|●||the Association of Cement Producers of Peru (Asociación de Productores de Cemento, or “ASOCEM”);|
|●||the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation (Ministerio de Vivienda, Construcción y Saneamiento);;|
|●||ADUANET, a website administered by the Peruvian Tax Superintendence (Superintendencia Nacional de Administración Tributaria, or “SUNAT”);|
|●||the Peruvian Chamber of Construction (Cámara Peruana de la Construcción); and|
|●||the Global Competitiveness Index prepared by the World Economic Forum.|
We believe these estimates to be accurate as of the date of this annual report on Form 20-F.
This annual report contains forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements convey our current expectations or forecasts of future events. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including those listed under “Item 3. Key Information – D. Risk Factors,” which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make.
Forward-looking statements typically are identified by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “potential,” “continue,” “is/are likely to,” or other similar expressions. Any or all of our forward- looking statements in this annual report may turn out to be inaccurate. Our actual results could differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including:
|●||political, economic and social risk inherent to conducting business in Peru including as a result of public health crises in Peru, and the Peruvian government’s responses thereto;|
|●||exchange rates, inflation and interest rates;|
|●||the entry of new competitors into the market we serve;|
|●||construction activity levels, particularly in the northern region of Peru;|
|●||private investment and public spending in construction projects;|
|●||unpredictable natural disasters, such as floods and earthquakes affecting the northern region of Peru, and global events, such as public health crises and epidemics/pandemics and the worldwide effects thereof and responses thereto;|
|●||availability and prices of energy, admixtures and raw materials;|
|●||changes in the regulatory framework, including tax, environmental and other laws;|
|●||the successful expansion of our production capacity;|
|●||our ability to compete with potential substitutes of cement products that may be introduced in the Peruvian construction industry;|
|●||our ability to maintain and expand our distribution network;|
|●||the impact of global or local public health events, including pandemics and the severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the availability of vaccines in Peru and governments’ related responses to the outbreak which could cause business disruptions and continued declines in production of or demand for cement;|
|●||international conflicts, such as the current one between Russia and Ukraine, and the worldwide effects and responses thereto|
|●||our ability to retain and attract skilled employees; and|
|●||other factors discussed under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors.”|
The forward-looking statements in this annual report represent our expectations and forecasts as of the date of this annual report. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this annual report.
ITEM 1. IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
ITEM 2. OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
ITEM 3. KEY INFORMATION
B. Capitalization and Indebtedness
C. Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds
D. Risk Factors
The extent to which the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and measures taken in response thereto impact our business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted.
Global health concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic have been weighing on the macroeconomic environment and the outbreak has significantly increased economic uncertainty. Although during 2021 government-imposed restrictions were much less than in 2020, the Peruvian economy has not yet recovered to pre-pandemic levels. To the extent that new strains of the virus continue to emerge, these and other measures may remain in place for a significant period of time and are likely to continue to affect financial condition and prospects.
The spread of COVID-19 has caused us to modify our business practices (including employee travel, employee work locations, and the cancellation of physical participation in meetings, events, and conferences), and we may take additional steps as required by current circumstances, by government authorities or that we determine are in the best interest of our employees, customers and business partners. There is no certainty that such measures are sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by COVID-19 or are satisfactory to government authorities. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our business, results of operations and financial condition will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to, the duration and spread of COVID-19, its severity, the actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, and how quickly and to what extent normal economic and operating conditions can resume. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, we may continue to experience materially adverse impacts to our business as a result of its global economic impact, including the recession that has already occurred and may continue or intensify in the future.
Global macroeconomic conditions may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our operations and customers are located in Peru. As a result, our business, financial condition and results of operations, like those of most companies in Peru, could be adversely affected by the level of economic activity in the country. Therefore, variations in economic indicators such as inflation, gross domestic product (“GDP”), the balance of payments, the appreciation and depreciation of the currency, access to credit, interest rates, investment and savings, consumption, spending and fiscal income, employment, among other variables, over which we have no control, could affect the development of the Peruvian economy and, therefore, could generate adverse consequences for our business, financial condition and results of operation.
Peru’s economy experienced a relatively greater contraction than the economies of other countries in the region as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, mainly due to the more severe virus containment measures implemented in Peru: a greater number of activities were mandated to be shut down and a strict national stay-at-home order and quarantine lasted more than 100 days. The application of these severe measures aimed at containing the expansion of COVID-19 in the country caused the Peruvian economy to contract 11.1% in 2020. With the progressive reopening of the economy and the application of monetary and fiscal stimuli, GDP bounced back in 2021, reaching 13.2% growth. In addition, in 2021 the annual inflation rate was 6.2% compared to 1.5% in 2020, mainly due to external factors, such as the increased cost of oil and transportation, as well as the depreciation of the sol. Domestic demand also recovered after the 9.4% decrease in 2020, reaching 13.9% growth in 2021.
The extent to which the economy continues its recovery depends on the extent the country is able to combat the adverse impacts of the inflationary pressure, the continuation of the vaccination process and the ability to decrease the current political uncertainty and its negative impact on future economic expectations.
The cement sector is closely related to the following main macroeconomic variables: (i) the expansion or contraction of the economy as measured by GDP, (ii) domestic demand, (iii) private investment and (iv) public spending. In this regard, prolonged conditions that adversely affect the economic growth of Peru would negatively affect the cement sector, in such a way that the economic situation and our results of operations may not coincide with those presented at the date of this annual report.
International conflicts, such as the current conflict between Russia and Ukraine have adversely affected international prices, increasing inflation and therefore our business, financial condition and results of operations
Global markets are currently operating in a period of economic uncertainty, volatility and disruption following Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022. Although the length and impact of the ongoing military conflict is highly unpredictable, the conflict in Ukraine and any other geopolitical tensions could have an adverse effect on the economy and business activity globally and lead to (i) credit and capital market disruptions, (ii) increase in interest rates and inflation in the markets in which we operate, (iii) lower or negative global growth, among others. These developments have caused interruptions in the trade flows of goods produced by Russia and Ukraine (mainly energy and grains) which have generated upward pressure on international prices. Additionally, Russia’s prior annexation of Crimea, recent recognition of two separatist republics in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine and subsequent military interventions in Ukraine have led to sanctions and other penalties being levied by the United States, European Union and other countries against Russia, Belarus, the Crimea Region of Ukraine, the so-called Donetsk People’s Republic, and the so-called Luhansk People’s Republic, As a result of these commercial and financial sanctions pressure on international prices may continue, even after the conflict has ended.
Similar pressures have been observed in the price of energy. Russia is a major producer of natural gas, oil and coal. Production and commercial activities have been affected by direct and indirect sanctions. Peru is a net importer of oil, and as such it has been affected by the significant increase in price, generating high levels of inflation. The inflation rate in March 2022 was the highest since 1996. The increase in the price of coal directly affects our business since it is one of the raw materials used in our process and in 2021 accounted for 11.6% of our cement production cost. Indirectly, the increase in the price of oil and gas also affects our business, as in generates inflationary pressure throughout, and increases freight prices, which in turn increase import costs.
Geopolitical and economic risks have also increased over the past few years as a result of trade tensions between the United States and China, Brexit, and the rise of populism and tensions in South America and Middle East. Growing tensions may lead, among others, to a deglobalization of the world economy, an increase in protectionism or barriers to immigration, a general reduction of international trade in goods and services and a reduction in the integration of financial markets, any of which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Global freight costs increases have adversely affected international prices, increasing inflation and therefore our business, financial condition and results of operations
The current increase in freight prices is due both to demand and supply side issues. On the one hand, there was a surge in demand for goods, as consumers spent their money on goods rather than services during pandemic lockdowns and restrictions. On the other, there was capacity constraints, including container ship carrying capacity, container shortages, labor shortages, continued on and off COVID-19 restrictions across port regions and congestion at ports. This mismatch between surging demand and reduced supply capacity then led to record container freight rates during 2021. According to UNCTAD, this will have a profound impact on trade and undermine socioeconomic recovery, especially in developing countries, until maritime shipping operations return to normal. In Peru, this has already resulted in higher levels of inflation, reaching 6.2% in 2021 compared to 1.5% in 2020. Increase freight costs directly affect our business and results of operation since imported materials represent approximately 39.7% of our production costs.
Risks Relating to Peru
Public health crises and epidemics/pandemics, such as COVID-19 have adversely affected Peru’s economy and therefore our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The COVID-19 pandemic had a material adverse impact on the Peruvian economy resulting in, volatility in the financial markets, reduced international trade and lower activity in certain of the key drivers of the local economy. In addition, social distancing and stay-at-home quarantine measures imposed to minimize pressure on the healthcare system and contain social costs, adversely affected dynamism of various productive sectors of the economy. Reduced activity in these economic sectors has resulted in reduced employment and less income for families and companies. Poverty levels increased 9.9 percentage points in 2020.
In 2021, there was a substantial recovery and the most dynamic sectors were construction, non-primary manufacturing, commerce and some branches of the service sector, including telecommunications and finance and insurance. However, there are sectors that are still lagging behind in their recovery, especially those with a greater degree of physical interaction such as services related to transportation, accommodations and restaurants.
Over the long-term, we cannot assure you that the measures adopted by the Peruvian government to counteract the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic will be sufficient to restore public confidence or to restore economic growth.
Economic, social and political developments in Peru including political instability, rates of inflation and unemployment could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
All of our operations and customers are located in Peru. Accordingly, our business, financial condition and results of operation depend on the level of economic activity in Peru. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be affected by changes in economic and other policies of the Peruvian government (which has exercised and continues to exercise substantial influence over many aspects of the private sector), and by other economic and political developments in Peru, including devaluation or depreciation, currency exchange controls, inflation, economic downturns, political instability, corruption scandals, social unrest and terrorism.
In the past, Peru has experienced political instability that included a succession of regimes with disparate economic policies and programs that created uncertainty for domestic and foreign investors. Pedro Castillo became President of Peru, after a disputed election results. President Castillo has faced political opposition in the Peruvian Congress, which is highly fragmented, as no political party has achieved a clear majority and at least 10 political parties have minority representation, which has led some groups in the Peruvian Congress to ask for his resignation. On February 8, 2022, President Castillo appointed Aníbal Torres as the Prime Minister to serve under his government. Mr. Torres had previously served as the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. The current Prime Minister was preceded by Héctor Valer, Mirtha Vásquez and Guido Bellido. On March 9, 2022, the Peruvian cabinet (Consejo de Ministros), headed by Aníbal Torres, received a vote of confidence (voto de confianza) from the Peruvian Congress after obtaining a total of 64 votes in favor, 58 votes against and two abstentions. This was the fourth cabinet that received a vote of confidence from the Peruvian Congress under President Castillo’s administration. On March 14, 2022, the Peruvian Congress admitted a motion to impeach (moción de vacancia) President Castillo with a total of 76 votes in favor, 41 votes against and one abstention, claiming alleged permanent moral incapacity of President Castillo. This was the second motion to impeach against President Castillo presented to the Peruvian Congress since he took office on July 28, 2021. On March 28, 2022, the Peruvian Congress denied the motion to impeach with a total of 55 votes in favor, 54 votes against and 19 abstentions and as a result, President Castillo has remained in office. However, since the political opposition in the Peruvian Congress remains strong, we cannot assure that additional impeachment motions will not be presented to the Peruvian Congress against President Castillo during the remainder of his term, which will expire in 2026. In addition, the Peruvian government led by President Castillo may seek to modify and reform the Peruvian Constitution to expand the role of the government in activities currently undertaken by the private sector in accordance with statements made during his campaign. The new President is expected to face challenges in aligning certain initiatives with, and obtaining support from, the Peruvian Congress. Although it is expected that a majority opposition from the Peruvian Congress against certain new policies and reforms to be proposed by the new President will continue, there is a risk of unpredictable policymaking. We cannot assure you whether President Castillo or any of his successors, should an impeachment motion (moción de vacancia) be approved by the Peruvian Congress, will pursue business-friendly and open-market economic policies that stimulate economic growth and stability, and that measures negatively impacting private investment, such as higher taxation or exchange controls, will not be implemented.
In spite of this political turmoil, the Peruvian economy has continued its recovery from the effects of COVID-19. Exports reached record numbers during 2021, which in turn gave a record on the positive account balance of Peru. However, expectations of private investment are still negative, according to BCR.
During the 1980s and the early 1990s, Peru experienced severe terrorist activity targeted against, among others, the government and the private sector. Since then, terrorist activity in Peru has been mostly confined to small-scale operations in the Huallaga Valley and the Valleys of the Rivers Apurimac, Ene and Mantaro, or “VRAEM,” areas, both in the Eastern part of the country. The Huallaga Valley and VRAEM constitute the largest areas of coca cultivation in the country and thus serve as a hub for the illegal drug trade. Terrorist activity and the illegal drug trade continue to be key challenges for Peruvian authorities. Any violence derived from the drug trade or a resumption of large-scale terrorist activities which may occur could hurt our operations and, could disrupt the economy of Peru and our business. In addition, Peru has, from time to time, experienced social and political turmoil, including riots, nationwide protests, strikes and street demonstrations. In March 2022, a nationwide strike by carriers resulted in riots and on April 4, 2022, the Government issued Supreme Decree 034-2022-PCM, imposing a 22-hour lockdown for Metropolitan Lima and the Constitutional Province of Callao for April 5, 2022. This generated massive protests in Lima, leading President Castillo to cut the lockdown and to further decrease his popularity levels.
Despite Peru’s ongoing economic growth and stabilization, the social and political tensions and high levels of poverty and proper employment continue. Future government policies to preempt or respond to social unrest could include, among other things, expropriation, nationalization, suspension of the enforcement of creditors’ rights and new taxation policies. These policies could adversely and materially affect the Peruvian economy and our business.
The foregoing political uncertainty and presidential decisions could further increase interest rates and currency volatility, as well as adversely and materially affect the Peruvian economy and our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A depreciation or devaluation of the sol could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A significant depreciation or devaluation of the sol may affect us due to the fact that our revenues are denominated in soles while 38.7% of our indebtedness, as of December 31, 2021 is denominated in U.S. dollars. As a result, we are exposed to currency mismatch risks. As of December 31, 2021, we maintain cross currency swap hedging agreements in aggregate principal amount of 100% of our current U.S. dollar-denominated debt obligations to hedge against the associated foreign exchange risks. Nonetheless, a depreciation or devaluation of the sol against the U.S. dollar and increased exchange rate volatility would increase the cost of our debt service obligations which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
If the Peruvian government were to implement restrictive exchange rate policies and other similar laws, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Since 1991, the Peruvian economy has undergone a major transformation from a highly protected and regulated system to a free market economy. During this period, protectionist and interventionist laws and policies have been dismantled. As a result the Peruvian economy had been growing consistently, until 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, foreign exchange rates are determined by market conditions, with regular open-market operations by the BCRP in the foreign exchange market to reduce volatility in the value of Peru’s currency against the U.S. dollar.
We cannot assure you that the Peruvian government will not institute restrictive exchange rate policies in the future. Any such restrictive exchange rate policy could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations and adversely affect our ability to repay debt or other obligations and restrict our access to international financing.
In addition, if the Peruvian government were to institute restrictive exchange rate policies in the future, we might be obligated to seek an authorization from the Peruvian government to make payments on the notes and the guarantees. We cannot assure you that such an authorization would be obtained. Any such exchange rate restrictions or the failure to obtain such an authorization could materially and adversely affect our ability to make payments under our U.S. dollar-denominated debt and to pay dividends on our ADRs.
Increased rates of inflation in Peru could have an adverse effect on the Peruvian long-term credit market, as well as the Peruvian economy generally and, therefore, on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In the past, Peru has suffered through periods of high and hyper-inflation, which has materially undermined the Peruvian economy and the government’s ability to create conditions that support economic growth. In response to increased inflation, the BCRP, which sets the Peruvian basic interest rate, may increase or decrease the basic interest rate in an attempt to control inflation or foster economic growth. Increases in the base interest rate could adversely affect our results of operations, increasing the cost of certain funding. Additionally, a return to a high-inflation environment would also undermine Peru’s foreign competitiveness, with negative effects on the level of economic activity and employment, while increasing our operating costs and adversely impacting our operating margins if we are unable to pass the increased costs on to our customers. During 2021, inflation reached 6.2%, well above the previous five-year average of 2.32%. Supply shocks, including the recent rise in prices of energy, increased freight costs, and the increase in domestic demand explains this increase at a global level. The recent conflict between Russia and Ukraine is likely to exacerbate these effects.
Changes in tax laws or their interpretation may increase our tax burden and, as a result, negatively affect our business.
The Peruvian Congress and government regularly implement changes to tax laws that may increase our tax burden, or the tax burden of our subsidiaries. These changes may include modifications in our taxable base, tax rates and, on occasion, the enactment of temporary taxes that in some cases have become permanent taxes or changes to VAT exemptions applicable to certain of our operations in the Amazonian region. We are unable to estimate the outcomes that these changes may have on business. In that sense, the Peruvian government recently introduced several changes related to transfer pricing rules and formal obligations in order to comply with BEPS (base erosion and profit shifting) Guidelines on transactions performed between related parties or with the intervention of low or no-tax jurisdictions, such as the obligation to file new local-files, master-files and country-by-country reports with the Peruvian tax authority, and to adjust taxable bases accordingly for income tax purposes.
The effects of any tax reforms that could be proposed in the future and any other changes that result from the enactment of additional reforms have not been, and cannot be, quantified. However, any changes to our tax regime or interpretations thereof (including in connection with the tax rates, tax base (base imponible), deductions rules, payments in advance regime (regimen de pagos a cuenta), time of payment or the establishment of new taxes thereof) may result in increases in our overall costs and/or our overall compliance costs, which could negatively affect our results of operation.
Our operations could be adversely affected by an earthquake, flood or other natural disasters.
Severe weather conditions and other natural disasters in areas in which we operate may materially adversely affect our operations. Peru is located in an area that experiences seismic activity and occasionally is affected by earthquakes. For example, in 2007, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 on the Richter scale struck the central coast of Peru, severely damaging the region south of Lima. Peru is also affected by El Niño, an oceanic and atmospheric phenomenon that causes a warming of temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in heavy rains off the coast of Peru and various other effects in other parts of the world. The effects of El Niño, which typically occurs every two to seven years, include flooding and the destruction of fish populations and agriculture, and accordingly have a negative impact on Peru’s economy. For example, in early 2017, El Niño adversely affected agricultural production, transportation and communications services, tourism and commercial activity, caused widespread damage to infrastructure and displaced significant populations. Although our facilities were not significantly affected, our ability to ship cement was compromised by the destruction of infrastructure. Any of the foregoing conditions, or other natural disasters or weather conditions, may result in physical damage to our properties, closure of one or more of our production facilities, inadequate work force in our operations, temporary disruptions in the ability to ship cement, among others. Any of these factors may disrupt and materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our operations could be adversely affected by government-mandated plant closures
Public health outbreaks, epidemics or pandemics, as well as other events may result in the government stopping our operations. In March 2020, the Peruvian government ordered a state of emergency due to the outbreak of COVID-19, therefore our operations were closed from March 16, 2020 until May 18, 2020. This had a materially adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operation, mainly during the state of emergency. Although our dispatches recovered well following the lockdown, we do not yet know if the government will take further measure that may have an impact on the economy as a whole, the construction sector, our customers’ ability to purchase cement and cement-based products, and their ability to pay for previously sold products.
The Peruvian economy could be adversely affected by economic developments in regional or global markets.
Financial and securities markets in Peru are influenced by economic and market conditions in regional and global markets. Although economic conditions vary from country to country, investors’ perceptions of the events occurring in one country may adversely affect cash flows and securities from issuers in other countries, including Peru. For example, the Peruvian economy was adversely affected by the political and economic events that occurred in several emerging economies in the 1990s, including in Mexico in 1994, which impacted the fair value of securities issued by companies from markets throughout Latin America. The crisis in the Asian markets beginning in 1997 also negatively affected markets throughout Latin America. Similar adverse consequences resulted from the economic crisis in Russia in 1998, the Brazilian devaluation in 1999 and the Argentine crisis in 2001. In addition, Peru’s economy continues to be affected by events in the economies of its major regional partners and in developed economies that are trading partners or that affect the global economy.
The 2008 and 2009 global economic and financial crisis substantially affected the financial system, including Peru’s securities market and economy. Additionally, the debt crisis in Europe that began with financial crises in Greece, Spain, Italy and Portugal, reduced the confidence of foreign investors, caused volatility in the securities markets and affected the ability of companies to obtain financing globally. Doubts about the pace of global growth, particularly in the United States, contributed to already weak international growth in 2011, 2012 and 2013. Brexit continues to create volatility and uncertainty in a number of financial markets. The global COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a worldwide recession that we cannot yet accurately measure as it is ongoing. Any interruption to the recovery of developed economies, the continued effects of the global crisis in 2008 and 2009, a worsening or resurgence of the debt crisis in Europe, impacts due to Brexit, the economic impact of COVID-19, or a new economic and/or financial crisis, or a combination of the above, could affect the Peruvian economy, and consequently, materially adversely affect our business. In particular, the Peruvian economy recently has suffered the effects of fluctuating commodity prices in the international markets, a decrease in export volumes, a decrease in foreign direct investment inflows and, as a result, a decline in foreign reserves and an increase in its current account deficit. To date, the United States and China are facing a trade dispute, which has imposed new tariffs that could undermine economic growth and raise costs for manufacturers around the world. Further, the current global COVID-19 pandemic caused a global recession in 2020, that has in turn affected our business, financial condition and results of operation. See “—Global Risks.”
Additionally, adverse developments in regional or global markets or an increase in the perceived risks associated with investing in emerging markets in the future could adversely affect the Peruvian economy and, as a result, adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In March 2020, after its annual review, the FTSE announced that, since there is only one Peruvian stock in the FTSE Global All Cap index, it does not meet the requirements of the new minimum investable market cap and securities count requirement criterion. As a result, Peru was reclassified from Secondary Emerging to Frontier market status as of September 2020.
During 2021, with the advance of vaccination at the global level and the contained impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, despite new variants, we have seen a recovery in global growth levels. Nonetheless, this recovery has weakened due to, among others, the increase in energy prices, general supply shortages, and the increase of COVID-19 cases due to new variants, such as Delta and Omicron.
A decline in the prices of certain commodities in the international markets could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
In 2021, traditional exports, in particular mineral products, fishing products, agricultural products and petroleum and its derivatives, represented 73.6% of Peru’s total exports, according to the figures published by the BCRP. Changes in commodity prices in the international markets, may have an adverse impact on Peruvian government finances, which could affect both investor confidence and the sustainability of government expenditure and social programs. Thus, a decline in commodity prices could, ultimately, affect the political environment in Peru, especially as regional and local governments are particularly reliant on tax revenue from mining concerns. By potentially affecting private sector demand and investor confidence, lower commodity prices could also affect the retail sector, leading to, for example, a decline in purchasing power and consumer spending.
Corruption and ongoing high-profile corruption investigations may hinder the growth of the Peruvian economy and have a negative impact on our business and operations.
Peruvian authorities are currently conducting several high-profile corruption investigations relating to the activities of certain companies in the construction and infrastructure sectors, which have resulted in suspension or delay of important infrastructure projects that were otherwise operational and permitted. The overall delay relating to such projects has resulted in a drop in GDP growth and overall infrastructure investment.
In July 2017, former President Ollanta Humala and his wife were detained in connection with a corruption probe and in February 2018, a Peruvian judge submitted a request to extradite former president Alejandro Toledo on allegations of bribery, both in connection with Brazilian construction company Odebrecht S.A. Several high-profile politicians are subject to corruption investigations. Corruption and corruption investigations could directly affect the Peruvian government, divert resources that would otherwise be focused on developing the economy, create political instability, and result in slower or negative economic growth, such as has recently happened in Brazil. In turn, this could impact our ability to successfully implement our growth and expansion strategies.
On March 21, 2018, President Kuczynski announced his decision to resign his office as president, due to allegations of corruption he faced. On March 23, 2018, Congress accepted his resignation and his first vice president, Martín Vizcarra, was sworn in as acting president. On April 2, 2018, President Vizcarra appointed the members of his cabinet.
In July 2018, a set of secretly recorded phone conversations involving high-court officials in Peru revealed widespread corruption in the judicial system’s top ranks. In February 2019, preventive prison was ordered of four of the implicated judges while the investigations continue.
In April 2019, two former presidents were placed in preliminary detention due to their alleged ties to corruption: Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, who is currently detained, and Alan Garcia, who took his own life when police came to place him under arrest.
During 2020, Peru experienced a new change of President, after Congress voted to impeach Martín Vizcarra on November 10. As there was no Vice-President, Manuel Merino, the President of Congress assumed the Presidency in the midst of protests against the legitimacy of his Government, and had to resign five days later. On November 16, 2020, Francisco Sagasti was elected President of Congress and, due to constitutional succession after Mr. Merino’s resignation, President of Peru. On July 28, 2021, Pedro Castillo became President of Peru, after a disputed election results. During the first six months of President Pedro Castillo’s administration, he, members of his government, and people around him have been confronted with a series of complaints and accusations of corruption. Some of these cases are under investigation and others, specifically against the President, have been suspended until the end of his mandate.
Although recent history has shown that the macroeconomic stability of the country remains unaffected by political turmoil, we cannot yet assess the political and economic impact these developments may have on the political stability of the country. See “—Economic, social and political developments in Peru including political instability, rates of inflation and unemployment could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.”
Risks Relating to our Business and Industry
We are subject to the possible entry of domestic or international competitors into our market, which could decrease our market share and profitability.
The cement market in Peru is competitive and is currently served mainly by three main groups, which together supply most of the cement consumed in the country, although there are two more smaller producers and some imports. In the cement industry, the location of a production plant tends to limit the market a plant can serve because transportation costs are high, reducing profit margins. Historically, we have supplied the northern region of Peru while two other groups have supplied the central (which includes the Lima metropolitan area) and southern regions of Peru, driven principally by the location of production facilities and distribution focus. However, competition could intensify if other manufacturers decide to enter our market.
We may face increased competition if the other Peruvian cement manufacturers, despite incremental freight costs, expand their distribution of cement to the northern region of Peru, or if they develop a cement plant in the north, particularly if the cement markets in Lima or other areas of Peru become saturated. In the past, some foreign cement manufacturers have announced plans to build cement plants in the central region of the country. If competition intensifies in the central region of Peru due to the presence of foreign cement manufacturers or otherwise, it may have price repercussions in our market.
We also face the possibility of competition from the entry into our market of imported clinker for grinding facilities, cement or other materials or products from foreign manufacturers, which may have significantly greater financial resources than us, particularly as production capacity continues to exceed depressed demand in other parts of the world and transportation costs decrease.
We may not be able to maintain our market share if we cannot match our competitors’ prices or keep pace with the development of new products. If any of these events were to occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Demand for our cement products is highly related to housing construction in northern Peru, which, in turn, is affected by economic conditions in the region.
Cement consumption is highly related to construction levels. Demand for our cement products depends, in large part, on residential construction in the north of Peru, which consists mostly of low-income families gradually building or improving their own homes without technical assistance, which we refer to as auto-construcción. We estimate that in 2021, auto-construcción accounted for approximately 70.3% of our cement sales, which proved to be the most resilient sector during the economic crisis generated during 2020 by the COVID-19 pandemic. Residential construction, in turn, is highly correlated to prevailing economic conditions in Peru. A decline in economic conditions would reduce household disposable income and cause a significant reduction in residential construction, leading to a decrease in demand for cement. As a result, a deterioration of economic conditions in the northern region of Peru would have a material adverse effect on our financial performance and results of operations. We cannot assure you that growth in Peru’s GDP, or the contribution to GDP growth attributable to the northern region of the country, will continue at the recent pace or at all. Despite political uncertainty, cement sales have continued to be strong during 2021. However, we cannot assure you that strong sales will remain during 2022 and beyond, as the economy continues to be affected by external factors such as inflationary pressure, and political uncertainty continues.
A reduction in private or public construction projects in the northern region of Peru would have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We estimate that in 2021, approximately 15.0% of our cement sales were derived from private construction (other than auto-construcción) and 14.7% from public construction in the north of Peru. Significant interruptions or delays in, or the termination of, private or public construction projects may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Private and public construction levels in our market depend on investments in the region which, in turn, are affected by economic conditions.
The level of public infrastructure construction also depends, to a great extent, on the priorities and financial resources of the national, regional and local governmental authorities. Although the anticipated increase in Peru’s large infrastructure projects has been delayed, this remains an important growth driver for the country and also a necessity due to Peru’s significant infrastructure deficit. In the North, significant spending will be directed towards reconstruction works to address the damage caused by Coastal El Niño, based on Peru’s “Reconstruction with Changes” Plan. This Plan has an approved budget of S/25.7 billion (US$7.6 billion). In June 2020, the Peruvian government signed an agreement with the government of the United Kingdom, for the execution of a package of S/7 billion to be executed during 2020 and 2021. Through the agreement, the United Kingdom will provide the structure, strategy and governance processes necessary for the timely delivery of all works, promoting efficiency and avoiding corruption. This model has already been used successfully for the construction of the necessary infrastructure for the Lima 2019 Pan American Games, therefore favorable results are expected this time as well. Although execution has been slower than expected, the continuation of this project will continue to boost our sales. However, we cannot assure that public spending for construction projects will continue in the upcoming years. A reduction in public infrastructure spending in our market would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by increases in energy prices or shortages in the supply of energy.
Energy accounts for a significant percentage of our production costs. Our principal energy sources are coal, gas and electricity. In 2021, the cost of energy represented approximately 25.3% of our cement production costs, compared to 28.8% in 2020 and 31.4% in 2019. We use a substantial amount of coal as a source of fuel in our production process. Most of the coal we use is anthracite coal which we purchase from domestic suppliers and import a small amount of bituminous coal from suppliers primarily in Colombia, in each case, at market prices. We do not have long-term coal supply agreements, and we do not engage in hedging transactions in connection with the price of coal. Any shortage or interruption in the supply of coal could also disrupt our operations. In addition, the price of coal is largely driven by the price of oil, and, as a result, increases in international oil prices are likely to affect the price of coal and adversely affect our results of operations. The current increase in both coal and oil prices because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine will have a negative effect on our margins and hence on our results of operations.
We have a long-term electricity supply agreement with Electroperú S.A. (“Electroperú”), a government-owned company, to serve the electricity requirements of our Pacasmayo and Piura facilities until 2026. We have also entered into a supply agreement with Electro Oriente S.A. (“ELOR”) to supply the Rioja facility until November 2022. Our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected by higher costs, interruptions, and unavailability or shortage of electricity. We have no back-up power system at our plants and cannot assure you that, in case of interruption or failure in Electroperú’s or ELOR’s operations, we will have access to other energy sources at the same prices and conditions, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, electricity to our plants is transmitted through the Peruvian Electricity Interconnection System (Sistema Eléctrico Interconectado Nacional del Perú, or “SEIN”). Any interruptions or failures in SEIN’s system would also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In the recent past, we have experienced electricity rationing, limiting our use of electricity to certain times of the day. In such cases, we were forced to readjust our production schedules in order to ensure that our production process was not interrupted. In the event of any future rationing of electricity, we may not be able to readjust quickly enough and our production process may be interrupted. Future shortages or efforts to respond to or prevent shortages, such as rationing, may adversely impact the cost or supply of electricity for our operations.
A significant increase in the prices of coal, gas or electricity would increase our costs of production. We may not be able to increase the prices of our cement products in the future if the prices of coal, gas or electricity rises, which would adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations
Changes in the cost or availability of admixtures and raw materials supplied by third parties may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We use certain admixtures and raw materials in the production of cement, such as gypsum, blast furnace slag and iron that we obtain from third parties. In 2021, our cost of admixtures and raw materials supplied by third parties as a percentage of our cement production costs was approximately 4.3%, similar to 2020. Moreover, during 2021, we had to use imported clinker, to satisfy the sharp and sudden increase in cement demand, and the cost of this imported clinker as a percentage of our cement production costs was approximately 21.5%, compared to 10.1% in 2020. We do not have long-term contracts for the supply of admixtures or raw materials that we use and if existing suppliers cease operations or reduce or eliminate production of these products, our costs to procure these materials may increase significantly or we may be obligated to procure alternatives to replace these products. Current increases in import prices, mainly due to freight increases, have affected the price of our admixtures. We have tried to replace, when possible, imported admixtures with local ones to decrease the effect on our cost of production. We are also currently investing to optimize the current capacity at our Pacasmayo plant, in order to produce an additional estimated 600,000 metric tons of clinker per year, in order to reduce our clinker imports. We expect to finish this optimization by the second half of 2023. However, we cannot assure that we will be continue to be able to replace imported admixtures or optimize the current capacity at our Pacasmayo plant in the timing expected or at all.
We may undertake future acquisitions that may not achieve expected benefits.
Our strategic initiatives include pursuing acquisitions that tend to diversify our existing portfolio of products and services and expand our geographic footprint. In the future, we may decide to expand by acquiring other companies in Peru or abroad. Any future acquisitions will depend on our ability to identify suitable candidates, negotiate acceptable terms, and obtain financing for the acquisitions. If future acquisitions are significant, they could change the scale of our business and expose us to new geographic, political, operating and financial risks. In addition, each acquisition involves a number of risks, such as the diversion of our management’s attention from our existing business to integrating the operations and personnel of the acquired business, possible adverse effects on our results of operations during the integration process, our inability to achieve the intended objectives of the combination and potential unknown liabilities associated with the acquired assets.
We may not be able to obtain the funding required to implement future strategies.
Our strategies to continue to expand our cement production capacity and distribution network require significant capital expenditures. We cannot assure you that we will generate sufficient cash flow from operations, or that we will have access to external financing sources, to adequately fund such capital expenditures. Our access to external sources of financing will depend on many factors, including factors beyond our control, such as conditions in the global capital markets and investors’ risk perception of investing in Peru and in emerging markets generally. Any equity or debt financing, if available, may not be on terms that are favorable to us. If our access to external financing is limited, we may not be able to execute our strategy, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, the indenture pursuant to which we issued our 4.50% Senior Notes due 2023, as well as our local bonds due 2029 and 2034, and the “club deal” loan we entered into in 2021, contain covenants that limit our ability and that of our restricted subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness if we do not meet certain financial ratios. If we are unable to incur additional debt to fund our future strategies, our business could be adversely affected.
We are subject to risks related to litigation and administrative proceedings that could adversely affect our business and financial performance in the event of an unfavorable ruling.
The nature of our business exposes us to litigation relating to product liability claims, labor, health and safety matters, environmental matters, regulatory, tax and administrative proceedings, governmental investigations, tort claims and contract disputes, among other matters. In the past, we have been subject to antitrust and tax proceedings or investigations. While we contest these matters vigorously and make insurance claims when appropriate, litigation is inherently costly and unpredictable, making it difficult to accurately estimate the outcome of actual or potential litigation. Although we establish provisions as we deem necessary, the amounts that we reserve could vary significantly from any amounts we actually pay due to the inherent uncertainties in the estimation process. We cannot assure you that these or other legal proceedings will not materially affect our ability to conduct our business, financial condition and results of operations in the event of an unfavorable ruling.
Our business is subject to a number of operational risks, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business is subject to several industry-specific operational risks, including accidents, natural disasters, labor disputes and equipment failures. Such occurrences could result in damage to our production facilities and equipment, and/or the injury or death of our employees and others involved in our production process. Moreover, such accidents or failures could lead to environmental damage, loss of resources or intermediate goods, delays or the interruption of production activities and monetary losses, as well as damage to our reputation. Our insurance may not be sufficient to cover losses from these events, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, key equipment at our facilities, such as our mills and kilns, may deteriorate sooner than we currently estimate. Such deterioration of our assets may result in additional maintenance or capital expenditures, and could cause delays or the interruption of our production activities. If these assets do not generate the cash flows we expect, and we are not able to procure replacement assets in an economically feasible manner, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.
Our business depends on the continued operation of our Pacasmayo and Piura facilities.
Our production facilities in Pacasmayo and Piura are essential to our business. In 2021, approximately 90.7% of our total cement and all of our quicklime was produced at our Pacasmayo and Piura facilities. These plants are subject to normal hazards of operating any cement production facility, including accidents, natural disasters and unexpected malfunctioning of the equipment. Any interruption in our operation of our Pacasmayo or Piura facilities or a decrease in the effective capacity of these facilities would adversely affect our results of operations. In 2020, the production and commercialization of cement was shut down for over two months, as a consequence of the state of emergency declared to prevent the spread of COVID-19. This halt in production and commercialization for over two months had an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations, which we were able to partially offset during the second half of the year due to strong demand. However, we cannot assure you that demand will continue to be strong during 2022, or that there will not be further shutdowns or closures of significant parts of the economy as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The introduction of cement substitutes into the market and the development of new construction techniques could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Materials such as plastic, aluminum, ceramics, glass, wood and steel can be used in construction as a substitute for cement. In addition, other construction techniques, such as the use of drywall, could decrease the demand for cement and concrete. In Peru, drywall has only been introduced into the housing construction market in recent years and it is not widely used. However, the use of drywall for housing construction could increase significantly in the future as it becomes more popular. In addition, research aimed at developing new construction techniques and modern materials may introduce new products in the future. The use of substitutes for cement could cause a significant reduction in the demand and prices for our cement products.
Our success depends on key members of our management.
Our success depends largely on the efforts and strategic vision of our executive management team and board of directors. The loss of the services of some or all of our executive management team or members of our board of directors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The execution of our business plan also depends on our ongoing ability to attract and retain additional qualified employees capable of operating our plants. Due to the limited pool of skilled workers in the north of Peru or workers from other regions willing to relocate to the north of Peru, we may not be successful in attracting and retaining the personnel we require. If we are unable to hire, train and retain qualified employees at a reasonable cost, we may be unable to successfully operate our business or reach full planned production levels in a timely manner and, as a result, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.
Our operations and sales are highly concentrated in the northern region of Peru.
All of our operations are located in the northern region of Peru, including our production facilities and the quarries from where we obtain limestone to produce cement. In addition, substantially all of our cement products are sold to consumers in this market. As a result, any adverse economic, political or social conditions affecting the northern region of Peru, as well as natural disasters and weather conditions, such as the El Niño climate pattern, among other factors that may affect this region, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In 2017, the north of Peru experienced severe rain, landslides and flooding, which affected the demand for cement, and the ability to ship it, as well as the provision of raw materials since some roads were destroyed. Our plants did not suffer any significant damage as we halted operations to mitigate physical damage.
We are subject to environmental regulations and may be exposed to liability and political cost as a result of our handling of hazardous materials and potential costs for environmental compliance.
We are subject to various environmental protection and health and safety laws and regulations that regulate, among other things, the generation, storage, handling, use and transportation of hazardous materials; emissions and discharge of hazardous materials; and the health and safety of our employees. Pursuant to Peruvian law, in order to conduct mining and industrial activities, we are required, among other things, to (i) submit an environmental impact assessment to the Ministry of Production (Ministerio de la Producción) and a mining closure plan to the Ministry of Energy and Mines (Ministerio de Energía y Minas, or “MINEM”) prior to initiating mining activities, (ii) comply with certain air emission and wastewater discharge standards, (iii) obtain approval from the water management authority to discharge wastewater into natural water sources or soil, (iv) dispose solid waste generated by us in special landfills exclusively through companies registered with the environmental agency, and (v) store fuel in compliance with environmental and safety standards. In addition, we are required to have a health and safety committee and develop an internal health and safety code. Although we believe we are in compliance with all these regulations in all material respects, we cannot assure you that we have been or will be at all times in full compliance with these laws and regulations. Any violation of such laws or regulations could result in substantial fines, criminal sanctions, revocations of operating permits and shutdowns of our facilities. In addition, current or future governments may also impose stricter regulations which may require us to incur higher compliance costs.
Pursuant to certain applicable environmental laws, we could be held liable for all or substantially all of the damages caused by pollution at our current or former facilities or those of our predecessors or at disposal sites. We could also be held liable for all incidental damages due to the health effects of exposure of individuals to hazardous substances or other environmental damage.
We cannot assure you that our costs of complying with current and future environmental and health and safety laws and regulations, and any liabilities arising from past or future releases of, or exposure to, hazardous substances will not adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Social unrest by local communities may have an adverse effect on our business and results of operation
In recent years, Peru has experienced protests against mining projects in several regions around the country. Mining is an important part of the Peruvian economy, with mining and oil and gas as of December 31, 2021, accounted for approximately 12.3% of the country’s GDP according to the BCRP. On several occasions, local communities have opposed these operations and accused them of polluting the environment and hurting agricultural and other traditional economic activities. Since 2019, there have been on-and-off conflicts in Las Bambas between local communities and China Minmetals Corp, resulting in road blockages and halt in operations repeatedly throughout this period, and is still ongoing. We conduct some extraction activities in our quarries and operate in areas close to local communities. Although we have always had very good relationship with our communities, we cannot assure this will continue to be the case in the future. During 2021 and the first months of 2022, there have been social demands by different groups such as agriculture, transportation, mining, which have temporarily caused instability. Further social demands and conflicts may have an effect on the Peruvian economy, and on our business and results of operation.
International agreements related to climate change may result in an increase in our costs.
There are ongoing international efforts to address greenhouse emissions. The United Nations and certain international organizations have taken action against activities that may increase the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases. Regulatory measures, such as the Kyoto Protocol, aimed at addressing greenhouse gas emissions and climate changes, are in various stages of negotiation and implementation. Such measures may result in increased costs to us for installation of new controls aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, purchase of credits or licenses for atmospheric emissions, and monitoring and registration of greenhouse gas emissions from our operations. These measures, if adopted in Peru, could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Changes in regulations or in the interpretation of regulations may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business is subject to extensive regulation in Peru, including, among others, relating to tax, environmental, labor, health and safety, and mining matters. We believe that our facilities are currently operating in all material respects in accordance with all applicable concessions, laws and regulations. Future regulatory changes, changes in the interpretation of such regulations or stricter enforcement of such regulations, including changes to our concession agreements, may increase our compliance costs and could potentially require us to alter our operations. We cannot assure you that regulatory changes in the future will not adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Any dispute with the labor unions that represent our employees could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
As of December 31, 2021, 19.7% approximately of our employees were members of employee unions. Although we consider our relations with our employees are currently positive, we cannot assure you that we will not experience work slowdowns, work stoppages, strikes or other labor disputes in the future, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
New projects may require the prior approval of local indigenous communities.
On September 7, 2011, Peru enacted Law No. 29785, regarding the Prior Consultation Right of Local Indigenous Communities, in accordance with the International Labor Organization Convention No. 169 (Ley del Derecho a la Consulta Previa a los Pueblos Indígenas y Originarios, Reconocido en el Convenio 169 de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo). This law, which became effective on December 6, 2011, establishes a prior consultation procedure (procedimiento de consulta previa) that the Peruvian government must carry out with local indigenous communities, whose rights may be directly affected by new legislative or administrative measures, including the granting of new mining concessions. Local indigenous communities do not have a veto right; upon completion of this prior consultation procedure, the Peruvian government retains the discretion to approve or reject the applicable legislative or administrative measure. However, to the extent that in the future our new projects may require implementation of legislative or administrative measures that impact local indigenous communities, we may not be able to undertake such projects, unless the Peruvian government first conducts the foregoing consultation procedure. We cannot assure you that this law will not adversely affect our new projects and have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The instruments pursuant to which our principal indebtedness was issued contain financial and other covenants, and any default under any of these instruments may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and cash flows.
The indenture pursuant to which we issued our 4.50% Senior Notes due 2023 contains restrictions and covenants, including restrictions on our and our guarantor subsidiaries’ ability to incur further indebtedness or issue disqualified stock and preferred stock, unless certain conditions are met.
Additionally, in January 2019, two issuances were completed under a local bond program in a total principal amount of S/570 million: One in the aggregate principal amount of S/260 million bearing interest a rate of 6.68750% with a term of 10 years, and another in an aggregate principal amount of S/310 million bearing interest at a rate of 6.84375% with a term of 15 years. These issuances contain the same restrictions and covenants as our Senior Notes due 2023. And, in 2021, we entered into a “club deal” loan, which also contains restrictive covenants, as well as financial covenants requiring us to meet certain financial ratios tests. Failure to meet or satisfy any of these covenants could result in an event of default under the indenture, the agreements governing our local bonds or our “club deal” loan.
Risks Relating to our Common Shares and ADSs
The market price of our ADSs may fluctuate significantly, and you could lose all or part of your investment.
Volatility in the market price of our ADSs may prevent you from being able to sell your ADSs at or above the price you paid for them. The market price and liquidity of the market for our ADSs may be significantly affected by numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be directly related to our operating performance. These factors include, among others:
|●||actual or anticipated changes in our results of operations, or failure to meet expectations of financial market analysts and investors;|
|●||investor perceptions of our prospects or our industry;|
|●||operating performance of companies comparable to us and increased competition in our industry;|
|●||new laws or regulations or new interpretations of laws and regulations applicable to our business;|
|●||general economic trends in Peru;|
|●||catastrophic events, such as earthquakes and other natural disasters; and|
|●||developments and perceptions of risks in Peru and in other countries.|
Our controlling shareholder has significant influence over us and his interests could conflict with the interests of other shareholders.
As of March 31, 2022, our controlling shareholder beneficially owned 50.01% of our outstanding common shares. As a result, our controlling shareholder has the ability to determine the outcome of substantially all matters submitted for a vote to our shareholders and thus exercise control over our business policies and affairs, including, among others, the following:
|●||the composition of our board of directors and, consequently, any determinations of our board with respect to our business direction and policy, including the appointment and removal of our executive officers;|
|●||determinations with respect to mergers, other business combinations and other transactions, including those that may result in a change of control;|
|●||whether dividends are paid or other distributions are made and the amount of any such dividends or distributions;|
|●||whether we offer preemptive and accretion rights to holders of our common shares in the event of a capital increase;|
|●||sales and dispositions of our assets; and|
|●||the amount of debt financing we incur.|
Our controlling shareholder may direct us to take actions that could be contrary to the interests of our other shareholders and may be able to prevent other shareholders from blocking these actions or from causing different actions to be taken. Also, our controlling shareholder may prevent change of control transactions that might otherwise provide the shareholders with an opportunity to dispose of or realize a premium on their investment in our common shares and ADSs. We cannot assure you that our controlling shareholder will act in a manner consistent with our other shareholders’ best interests.
Holders of ADSs may be unable to exercise voting rights with respect to our common shares underlying the ADSs at our shareholders’ meetings.
Holders of ADSs may exercise voting rights with respect to the common shares represented by the ADSs only in accordance with the deposit agreement relating to the ADSs. Holders of our common shares will receive notice of shareholders’ meetings through publication of a notice 25 days in advance, pursuant to Peruvian law, in the official gazette in Peru, a Peruvian newspaper of general circulation, the bulletin of the Lima Stock Exchange and the website of the Superintendencia del Mercado de Valores (the “Peruvian Securities Commission”), and will be able to exercise their voting rights by either attending the meeting in person or voting by proxy. ADS holders will not receive notice directly from us. Instead, pursuant to the deposit agreement, we will notify the depositary, which will mail to holders of ADSs the notice of the meeting and a statement as to the manner in which voting instructions may be given. To exercise their voting rights, ADS holders must instruct the depositary how to exercise the voting rights for the common shares which underlie their ADSs. Due to these additional procedural steps involving the depositary, the process for exercising voting rights may take longer for ADS holders than for holders of our common shares.
Holders of ADSs also may not receive voting materials in time to instruct the depositary to vote the common shares underlying their ADSs. In addition, the depositary and its agents are not responsible for failing to carry out voting instructions of the holders of ADS or for the manner of carrying out such instructions, unless such failure can be attributable to gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct on the part of the depositary or its agents. Accordingly, holders of ADSs may not be able to exercise voting rights, and they will have little, if any, recourse if the underlying common shares are not voted as requested.
The ability of holders of our ADSs to receive payments of cash dividends may be limited.
Our shareholders’ ability to receive cash dividends may be limited by the ability of the depositary to convert cash dividends paid in soles into U.S. dollars. Under the terms of our deposit agreement with the depositary for the ADSs, the depositary will convert any cash dividend or other cash distribution we pay on the common shares underlying the ADSs into U.S. dollars, if it can do so on a reasonable basis and can transfer the U.S. dollars to the United States. If this conversion is not possible or if any government approval is needed and cannot be obtained, the deposit agreement allows the depositary to distribute the foreign currency only to those ADS holders to whom it is possible to do so. If the exchange rate fluctuates significantly during a time when the depositary cannot convert the foreign currency, holders of ADSs may lose some or all of the value of the dividend distribution.
Holders of ADSs may be unable to exercise pre-emptive or accretion rights with respect to the common shares underlying their ADSs.
Under Peruvian corporate law, if we issue new common shares as part of a capital increase, unless otherwise agreed to by holders of 40% of our outstanding common shares, our shareholders will generally have the right to subscribe to a proportional number of common shares of the class held by them to maintain their existing ownership percentage, which is known as preemptive rights. In addition, shareholders are entitled to the right to subscribe for the unsubscribed common shares of either the class held by them or other classes which remain unsubscribed at the end of a preemptive rights offering, on a pro rata basis, which is known as accretion rights. Holders of ADSs may not be able to exercise the preemptive or accretion rights relating to common shares underlying the ADSs unless a registration statement under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), is effective with respect to those rights or an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act is available. We are not obligated to file a registration statement with respect to the common shares relating to these preemptive and accretion rights and we cannot assure you that we will file any such registration statement. Unless we file a registration statement or an exemption from registration is available, holders of ADSs may receive only the net proceeds from the sale of their preemptive and accretion rights by the depositary or, if the preemptive and accretion rights cannot be sold, they will be allowed to lapse. As a result, U.S. holders of our ADSs may suffer dilution of their interest in our company upon future capital increases.
We are entitled to amend the deposit agreement under which our ADSs were issued, and to change the rights of ADS holders under the terms of such agreement, without the prior consent of the ADS holders.
We are entitled to amend the deposit agreement and to change the rights of the ADS holders under the terms of such agreement, without the prior consent of the ADS holders. Any change related to an increase in deposits or charges for book-entry securities services or any modification that might hinder the rights of the ADS holders will be effective within 30 days after the ADS holders have received notice of such change or modification and such holders will have no right to any compensation whatsoever.
Our status as a foreign private issuer allows us to follow alternate standards to the corporate governance standards of the New York Stock Exchange, which may limit the protections afforded to investors.
We are a “foreign private issuer” within the meaning of the New York Stock Exchange corporate governance standards. Under New York Stock Exchange rules, a foreign private issuer may elect to comply with the practices of its home country and not to comply with certain corporate governance requirements applicable to U.S. companies with securities listed on the exchange. We currently follow certain Peruvian practices concerning corporate governance and intend to continue to do so. Accordingly, holders of our ADSs will not have the same protections afforded to shareholders of companies that are subject to all New York Stock Exchange corporate governance requirements.
For example, the New York Stock Exchange listing standards provide that the board of directors of a U.S. listed company must have a majority of independent directors at the time the company ceases to be a “controlled company.” Under Peruvian corporate governance practices, a Peruvian company is not required to have a majority of independent members on its board of directors.
The listing standards for the New York Stock Exchange also require that U.S. listed companies; at the time they cease to be “controlled companies,” have a nominating/corporate governance committee and a compensation committee (in addition to an audit committee). Each of these committees must consist solely of independent directors and must have a written charter that addresses certain matters specified in the listing standards. Under Peruvian law, a Peruvian company may, but is not required to, form special governance committees, which may be composed partially or entirely of non-independent directors.
In addition, New York Stock Exchange rules require the independent non-executive directors of U.S. listed companies to meet on a regular basis without management being present. There is no similar requirement under Peruvian law.
The New York Stock Exchange’s listing standards also require U.S. listed companies to adopt and disclose corporate governance guidelines. In November 2013, the Peruvian Securities Commission and a committee comprised of regulatory agencies and associations prepared and published a list of suggested non-mandatory corporate governance guidelines called the “Good Corporate Governance Code for Peruvian Companies.” Although we have implemented a number of these measures, we are not required to comply with the corporate governance guidelines by law or regulation, only to disclose whether or not we are in compliance.
Minority shareholders in Peru are not afforded equivalent protections as minority shareholders in other jurisdictions and investors may face difficulties in commencing judicial and arbitration proceedings against our company or the controlling shareholder.
Our company is organized and existing under the laws of Peru, and our controlling shareholder is resident in Peru. Accordingly, investors may face difficulties in serving process on our company, our officers and directors or the controlling shareholder in other jurisdictions, and in enforcing decisions granted by courts located in other jurisdictions against our company, our officers and directors or the controlling shareholder that are based on securities laws of jurisdictions other than Peru.
In Peru, there are no proceedings to file class action suits or shareholder derivative actions with respect to issues arising between minority shareholders and an issuer, its controlling shareholders or directors and officers. Furthermore, the procedural requirements to file actions by shareholders differ from those of other jurisdictions, such as in the United States. As a result, it may be more difficult for our minority shareholders to enforce their rights against us, our directors, officers or controlling shareholder as compared to the shareholders of a U.S. company. The deposit agreement provides that the depositary has no obligation to commence or become involved in any judicial proceedings and any other legal actions relating to the ADSs or the deposit agreement, either on behalf of the ADS holders or on behalf of any other person.
The ability of investors to enforce civil liabilities under U.S. securities laws may be limited.
Most of our directors or executive officers are not residents of the United States. All or a substantial portion of our assets and those of our directors and executive officers are located outside of the United States. As a result, it may not be possible for investors in our securities to affect service of process within the United States upon such persons or to enforce in U.S. courts or outside of the United States judgments obtained against such persons outside of the United States.
We are a company organized and existing under the laws of Peru, and there is no existing treaty between the United States and Peru for the reciprocal enforcement of foreign judgments. It is not clear whether a Peruvian court would accept jurisdiction and impose civil liability if proceedings were commenced in a foreign jurisdiction predicated solely upon U.S. federal securities laws.
ITEM 4. INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY
A. History and Development of the Company
Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. was incorporated in Lima, Peru in 1949, by a group of private investors that founded the company to serve the cement market in the northern region of Peru. Cementos Pacasmayo began its operations in 1957 and is a publicly-held corporation (sociedad anónima abierta) organized under the laws of Peru. Our executive offices are located at Calle La Colonia 150, Urbanización El Vivero, Surco, Lima, Peru. Our telephone number at this location is + (511) 317-6000. Our website address is www.cementospacasmayo.com.pe. Information on or accessible through our website is not a part of, nor incorporated by reference in, this annual report.
Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and Hochschild Mining plc together constitute the two businesses of the Hochschild Group, which has operated in Latin America for more than 100 years. Hochschild Mining plc is incorporated in the United Kingdom and its shares have been listed on the London Stock Exchange since 2006. Cementos Pacasmayo has been listed on the Lima Stock Exchange since 1995. As of March 31, 2022, Eduardo Hochschild, directly and indirectly, owned and controlled 38.32% of the shares of Hochschild Mining plc. Through Inversiones ASPI S.A. (“ASPI”), as of that same date, Eduardo Hochschild, directly and indirectly, owned and controlled 50.01% of the outstanding common shares of Cementos Pacasmayo. S.A.A.
The Hochschild Group traces its origins to 1911, when Mauricio Hochschild, a German mining engineer, founded a group of companies in South America that came to be known as the Hochschild Group. Following World War I, the Hochschild Group expanded into Bolivia where it developed significant interests in tin. The Hochschild Group commenced operations in Peru in 1925 and in 1945 Luis Hochschild, the nephew of Mauricio Hochschild (and the father of Eduardo Hochschild), joined the Hochschild Group’s Peruvian operations.
During the first decades of its operations, the Hochschild Group focused on the commercialization of minerals, although it later began operating its own mines and other industrial companies. During World War II, the Hochschild Group was a key supplier of tin and other metals to the allied forces.
The Hochschild Group acquired its initial ownership interest in us in 1956. Set forth below are key developments in our company’s history.
|●||In 1957, we began our operations with the installation of our first clinker line with an installed production capacity of approximately 110,000 metric tons per year. In 1966 and 1977, we added a second and third clinker line, respectively, increasing our installed clinker production capacity to approximately 830,000 metric tons per year.|
|●||In November 1984, the South American mining and industrial operations of the Hochschild Group were sold to the Anglo American Corporation of South Africa which, in the same month, sold the Peruvian operations of the Hochschild Group, including its interest in Cementos Pacasmayo and predecessors of Hochschild Mining plc, to a group of companies controlled by Luis Hochschild.|
|●||In 1995, we launched our distribution network to commercialize and distribute our products throughout the northern region of Peru. In that same year, we also listed our common shares for trading on the Lima Stock Exchange, currently under the ticker symbol “CPACASC1.”|
|●||In 1998, we acquired from the Peruvian government our Rioja facility, located in the northeast of Peru. At the time, the Rioja facility had one clinker line with an installed cement production capacity of approximately 35,000 metric tons per year.|
|●||In 2003, we acquired Zemex Corporation, a U.S. company engaged in non-metallic mining and industrial activities in the United States and Canada, which we sold in 2007 in a series of transactions.|
|●||In 2009, we created Fosfatos del Pacífico in order to explore phosphate rock deposits from our concession at Bayóvar in the north of Peru.|
|●||In 2010, we reached an aggregate total installed cement production capacity of 3.1 million in our Pacasmayo and Rioja facilities and completed the conversion of our Waelz kiln, retrofitting it to produce quicklime or calcine zinc interchangeably. That same year, we also sold our copper mining concessions in the central region of Peru known as “Mina Raul,” which were previously leased to a third party, for US$28.0 million.|
|●||In December 2011, we sold a minority equity interest in Fosfatos to an affiliate of Mitsubishi to develop our phosphate deposits in the Bayóvar fields, in the northwest of Peru.|
|●||In March 2012, we completed our initial equity offering of 22,296,800 ADSs in the United States and listed our ADSs on the New York Stock Exchange.|
|●||In February 2013, we issued US$300 million in our inaugural international bond offering. A portion of the proceeds from this offering were used to prepay amounts outstanding on our secured loan agreement with BBVA Banco Continental, and the remaining proceeds were used to fund a portion of the capital expenditures related to the construction and operation of our new Piura plant and our cement business.|
|●||In September 2015, we began producing cement at our new plant in Piura. This was a very important milestone for us, since we have been investing in this project since 2012 and we have begun to reap the benefits of this investment.|
|●||In January 2016, we began producing clinker at our new plant in Piura, finishing the start-up of the plant, adding one million metric tons of annual clinker production capacity.|
|●||In March 2017, Cementos Pacasmayo consummated the spin-off of Fostatos del Pacífico.|
|●||In December 2017, our board of directors resolved to focus our strategy on our core business of developing cement and building solutions. In furtherance of this strategy, we have focused on disposing our non-core investments. In the fourth quarter of 2017, we discontinued our brine project.|
|●||In March 2018, Cementos Pacasmayo launched its new brand image and updated its vision: to further enhance our position as a leader in developing building solutions and innovations that anticipate the needs of our clients and that contributes to the progress of our country.|
|●||During 2018, Cementos Pacasmayo implemented the ISO 37001 anti-bribery management systems, obtaining certification in January 2019. This certification confirms that our management systems are designed to help prevent, detect and respond to bribery and comply with anti-bribery laws and voluntary commitments applicable to its activities. This certification and related initiatives reiterates our commitment to global anti-bribery best practices and high standards of transparency and good corporate governance.|
|●||In November 2018, Cementos Pacasmayo launched an offer to purchase for cash a portion of the US$300 million principal amount of international bonds outstanding. The offer expired on December 7, 2018 with a total of US$168,388,000, or approximately 56.13% of the total outstanding amount, tendered and repurchased by Cementos Pacasmayo.|
|●||On January 8, 2019, the General Shareholders’ Meeting approved the issuance of a local bond program in an aggregate principal amount up to S/1,000 million. On January 31, 2019, two issuances were completed under the program for a total principal amount of S/570 million: One for S/260 million accruing interest at a rate of 6.68750% per annum with term to maturity of 10 years, and another for S/310 million accruing interest at a rate of 6.84375% per annum with a term to maturity of 15 years. The proceeds were used to purchase part of our outstanding 4.50% Senior Notes due 2023. The rates and terms obtained reduce our financial cost structure, with lower cost of capital, an extended maturity and less exposure to exchange rate fluctuations.|
|●||In 2020, we were included on the Dow Jones MILA Sustainability Index for the second consecutive year. This Index is made up of those companies that demonstrate superior performance among their peers based on social, environmental and economic criteria.|
|●||In February 2021, we were chosen to be part of The Sustainability Yearbook 2021. To appear in the Yearbook, companies must score within the top 15% of their industry globally and have a gap of less than 30% from the leader’s Global ESG score. Moreover, we were awarded with the Industry Mover distinction, since we showed the strongest year on year score improvement in our industry.|
|●||In October 2021, due to the exponential growth in cement demand, our Board of Directors approved the optimization of our Pacasmayo plant, to produce an additional estimated 600,000 metric tons of clinker per year, in order to reduce the use of imported clinker.|
|●||During 2021, we were included in the Dow Jones MILA Sustainability Index for the third consecutive year, and as part of The Sustainability Yearbook for the second consecutive year.|
We expect to spend approximately US$25 million per year over the next three years on recurring capital expenditures necessary to maintain our plants and equipment. We expect to finance these investments with our current and future cash flows.
The table below sets forth our total capital expenditures incurred in 2021, 2020 and 2019.
|Year ended December 31,|
|(in millions of S/)||2021||2020||2019|
|Concrete and aggregates equipment||27.9||24.9||44.6|
|Piura plant projects||15.1||17.0||12.3|
|Pacasmayo plant projects||45.4||16.9||25.0|
|Rioja plant projects||8.9||3.4||5.2|
|Other investing activities||-||0.5||-|
B. Business Overview
We are a leading Peruvian cement company, and the only cement manufacturer in the northern region of Peru. With more than 64 years of operating history, we produce, distribute and sell cement and cement-related materials, such as precast products and ready-mix concrete. Our products are primarily used in construction, which has been one of the fastest growing segments of the Peruvian economy in recent years. We also produce and sell quicklime for use in mining operations, although it represents a very small percentage of our overall revenues.
In 2021 our cement shipments were approximately 3.6 million metric tons, representing an estimated 26.8% share of Peru’s total cement shipments. Cement volumes in 2021 increased by 40.4% compared to 2020, setting a new historical record. It is important to note that in 2020, despite the halt in our operations for more than two months, volumes only decreased slightly. Even when compared to 2019, which was already a record year, volumes increased 39.6% in 2021. We believe the construction sector has significant potential to grow with the continued deficit in infrastructure and the persistent housing deficit in the country, as well as the reconstruction of northern Peru following the impact of El Niño weather conditions in the first four months of 2017. However, we are aware that the exponential growth experienced this year will be difficult to replicate and consider that maintaining current volumes will be a challenging objective for 2022.
We own three cement production facilities, our flagship Pacasmayo facility located in the northwest region of Peru, our Piura facility located around 300 kilometers north of Pacasmayo, and our smaller Rioja facility located in the northeast. Our facilities have total installed annual cement production capacity of approximately 4.9 million metric tons. We also have installed annual production capacity of 240,000 metric tons of quicklime. We own concession rights to several quarries with reserves of limestone and other raw materials located near our facilities.
We completed an expansion of our Rioja plant in April 2013. We more than doubled the cement production capacity of our Rioja facility by installing a new production line with 240,000 metric tons of installed annual cement production capacity. We finished construction of our plant in Piura in 2015. This facility has annual production capacity of 1.6 million metric tons of cement. In September 2015, we began cement production, and clinker production began in January 2016. During 2021, we decided to optimize our capacity at our Pacasmayo plant, in order to add an estimated 600,000 metric tons of clinker capacity per year. This should be completed during 2023.
We provide consumers with high-quality and value-added cement products and, as a result, we believe we have developed strong brand recognition and customer loyalty in our market. We have developed one of the largest independent retail distribution networks for construction materials in Peru. Through our network of 240 independent retailers and 379 hardware stores as of March 31, 2022, we distribute our cement products as well as other construction materials manufactured by third parties, such as steel rebar, cables and pipes, in the northern region of Peru. We also sell our cement products directly to other retailers that are not part of our distribution network and to private construction companies and government entities.
The following table sets forth certain macroeconomic data for Peru and operating and financial data for our company for the periods indicated.
|As of and for the year ended December 31,|
|Change in GDP||13.2||%||(11.1||)%||2.2||%|
|Change in construction sector in Peru||34.7||%||(15.6||)%||1.5||%|
|Capacity (thousands metric tons per year):|
|Installed cement capacity||4,940||4,940||4,940|
|Installed clinker capacity||2,780||2,780||2,780|
|Production (thousands metric tons):|
|Utilization rate at Pacasmayo plant(2):|
|Utilization rate at Rioja plant(2):|
|Utilization rate at Piura plant(2):|
|Gross profit (S/ million)||559.4||375.3||486.9|
|Gross profit margin||28.9||%||29.0||%||35.0||%|
|EBITDA (S/ million)||453.9||315.3||400.3|
|Profit (S/ million)||153.2||57.9||132.0|
|(2)||Utilization rate is calculated by dividing production for the specified period by installed capacity.|
Non-IFRS Financial Measure and Reconciliation
We define EBITDA as profit minus finance income and plus finance costs, income tax expenses, and depreciation and amortization, and plus or minus gain from exchange difference, net.
EBITDA should not be construed as an alternative to profit or operating profit, as an indicator of operating performance, as an alternative to cash flow provided by operating activities or as a measure of liquidity (in each case, as determined in accordance with IFRS). EBITDA, as calculated by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies, including those in the cement industry.
The following table sets forth the reconciliation of our profit to EBITDA:
|Year ended December 31,|
|(in millions of US$)(1)||(in millions of S/)|
|Income tax expense||17.8||70.9||28.0||62.3|
|Gain (loss) on the valuation of trading derivative financial instruments at fair value through profit or loss||(0.2||)||(0.6||)||(5.3||)||1.5|
|Liquidation of financial instruments||—||—||—|
|Accumulated net loss due to settlement of derivative financial instruments at fair value through profit or loss||0.4||1.6||—||—|
|Loss from exchange difference, net||1.8||7.1||9.8||(0.7||)|
|Depreciation and amortization||34.0||135.6||139.2||129.8|
Calculated based on an exchange rate of S/3.9865 to US$1.00 which was the average accounting exchange rate reported on December 31, 2021, by the SBS.
Peruvian Cement Market
Peru had experienced sustained economic growth over the past decade, but the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 resulted in the greatest annual economic contraction of the last 100 years. However, the recovery during 2021 was substantial, reaching 13.2% growth. From 2017 to 2021, GDP grew at a compound annual growth rate, or “CAGR”, of 1.7%. Growth during this period was accompanied by low inflation, which averaged 2.88% per year. In addition, as of December 31, 2021, the government had accumulated foreign exchange reserves of approximately US$78.7 billion, and the sovereign long-term debt rating was investment grade from each of the three major international credit rating agencies. Although this economic growth had resulted, among other key trends, in significant poverty reduction, with a decrease in the percentage of the country’s population living below the poverty line from approximately 48.6% in 2004 to approximately 20.2% in 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic took a toll on it. Poverty levels for 2020 increased 9.9 percentage points, reaching 30.1%.
We sell substantially all our cement in the northern region of Peru, which in 2021 accounted for approximately 32.5% of the country’s population and 16.0% of national GDP. Two other groups sold most of the cement consumed in each of the central and southern regions of Peru, with 5.7% of all the cement consumed in the country coming from imports, and approximately 3.7% coming from a small domestic producer. From 2017 to 2021, total cement consumption in Peru increased 5.9% according to the INEI. Peru continues to have a significant housing deficit, estimated by the INEI at 1.9 million homes nationwide. In Peru, cement is mainly sold to a highly fragmented consumer base, consisting primarily of households that buy cement in bags to gradually build or improve their own homes without professional technical assistance, a segment known in our industry as auto-construcción. We estimate that in 2021 sales to the auto-construcción segment accounted for approximately 70.3% of our total sales of cement, private construction projects accounted for 15.0%, and public construction projects accounted for the remaining 14.7%. Approximately 89.6% of our total cement sales in 2021 were in the form of bagged cement, substantially all of which was sold through retailers.
Even though our ready mix sales are still a small proportion of our sales, we expect this trend to change as infrastructure becomes a bigger driver of demand in the upcoming years, and we continue to implement our strategy to become a building solutions company.
Brine Project Impairment
In 2017, our board of directors resolved to prioritize investments in the development of products related to the manufacture and sale of cement and building solutions. In furtherance of this strategy, we have pursued the sale or other disposition of investments that are not central to our core cement production business. As a result of this decision, during the fourth quarter of 2017 we discontinued the brine project.
Our principal competitive strengths include the following:
Strong corporate governance standards and international recognition
Our common shares are listed on the Lima Stock Exchange and our ADSs are listed on the New York Stock Exchange. We are subject to the disclosure requirements of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and the Peruvian Securities Commission and we must comply with and adopt internal compliance standards to increase transparency and improve corporate governance standards including an audit committee and appointment of independent directors. Since 2009, every year we have been selected as part of the Good Corporate Governance Index of the Lima Stock Exchange. Furthermore, in 2021, we received the Top Social Responsibility Award (Distintivo de Empresa Socialmente Responsable) for the ninth consecutive year, in recognition of our achievement of corporate goals in a socially responsible manner, principle that is ingrained in our corporate culture and business strategy. Also, we were included for the third consecutive year as part of the 2021 Dow Jones MILA Sustainability Index. This Index is made up of those companies that demonstrate superior performance among their peers under social, environmental and economic criteria. This achievement comes as a result of Pacasmayo’s effort to improve in all of these criteria and to work towards ambitious goals in terms of long-term sustainability. We are committed not only to remain in the Index but to improve our performance, as we are convinced that the focus on sustainability is key to our business and our stakeholders.
In February 2022, we were selected to be part of The Sustainability Yearbook 2022, for the second consecutive year.To appear in the Yearbook, companies must score within the top 15% of their industry globally and have a gap of less than 30% from the leader’s Global ESG score. With around 7,000 companies evaluated around the world, an inclusion in the yearbook is a true statement of excellence in corporate sustainability.
Track record of cash flow generation and strong results through multiple business cycles
We have historically generated strong cash flow and high profit margins mainly due to the following key factors:
|●||our leadership position in the northern region of Peru; and|
|●||our extensive distribution network, operational flexibility and efficiency, and focus on innovation.|
Despite the difficulties encountered globally due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we were able to recover strongly and generate a record S/453.9 million in EBITDA during 2021, the highest in company history.
This solid financial position and our ability to consistently generate operating cash flow also allows us to obtain relatively low interest rates.
Leader in attractive and expanding market with solid macroeconomic fundamentals
We are currently the only cement manufacturer in the northern region of Peru and we produce and sell substantially all of our cement in the region. In 2020, the northern region accounted for approximately 32.5% of the country’s population and 16.0% of its GDP. From 2017 to 2021, GDP in the northern region increased at a CAGR of 4.5%. During the same period, our cement sales volume grew at a CAGR of 12.4%, above northern region GDP mainly due to increased public spending resulting from the government’s reconstruction plan after El Niño in 2017, and the resilience of the auto-construcción segment, mainly driven by high employment levels in agriculture which is prominent in the North.
Best-in-class operating efficiencies with vertical integration and strong brand recognition
Our quarries are located in close proximity to our plants, enabling us to minimize transportation costs. We strive to enhance our operational efficiency by focusing on lowering costs and improving profitability. We also benefit from our vertically integrated operations, participating in the entire chain of production from the quarries, which we own directly, to the related products such as quicklime, ready–mix, precast and our large distribution network. We have developed one of the largest independent retail distribution networks for construction materials in Peru, known as “DINO,” consisting of 240 independent retailers and 379 hardware stores as of December 31, 2021, primarily small, local stores in the northern region, through which we distribute our cement products, as well as construction materials manufactured by third parties. We use our distribution network, together with our strategically located commercial offices, to promote our products and stay abreast of market developments. We have developed this network through years of fostering relationships with retailers in the region, which we believe would be difficult for a competitor to replicate. Our distribution network has enabled us to build strong recognition for our Pacasmayo brand among retailers and end-consumers in our market, which we believe is important to our business, particularly because our cement is principally sold in bags to retail consumers.
Disciplined capital expenditure plan with attractive risk / return profile
We seek to minimize risk while securing an adequate return on our development projects. In 2015, we completed construction of our new plant in Piura, the third largest city in northern Peru, which has an annual production capacity of 1.6 million metric tons of cement. The first ton of cement from the Piura plant was produced and shipped on September 17, 2015. The Piura plant improves our competitive position in the northern region of Peru. With production from three plants, we are able to serve our market more efficiently. This state-of-the-art plant is one of the most modern in Latin America. It also reduces transportation costs by enabling the dispatching of cement from plants within closer proximity to the point of sale.
During 2021, we decided to invest approximately US$70 million to optimize our current capacity at our Pacasmayo plant, in order to produce an additional estimated 600,000 metric tons of clinker per year. Due to the sudden and sharp increase in demand since the second half of 2020, we have had to import clinker, which negatively affects our margin due to higher cost of production. This optimization, when completed during the second half of 2023, will allow us to stop importing clinker, if demand remains around current levels, as we curently expect.
Emphasis on innovation
We place significant emphasis on research and development to ensure our products meet the needs of consumers in our market and to improve the efficiency of our operations. For example, we have developed cement products suitable to coastal construction that tend to be more exposed to erosion from sulfate. We believe that, by educating retailers and end consumers of these attributes of our products, we have been successful in building demand and realizing higher margins for our differentiated product offering.
In July 2016, we created the Innovation Department with the main objective of systematizing the continuous transformation process of the business in order to ensure a sustainable growth for Cementos Pacasmayo and the improvement of its margins. To achieve this objective it is necessary to:
|●||Put the customer at the center of all our processes.|
|●||Design a management innovation model.|
|●||Promote an organizational culture that encourages entrepreneurship and innovation.|
Given that customers, and consumption patterns can change quickly and unexpectedly we must quickly adapt in order to retain our customers.
In 2019 we worked hard to develop new value propositions, that will enable us to offer our clients the best experiences. We designed Journey Maps together with the commercial and Marketing areas wherein we detailed the experience of our various clients to identify our strengths and those aspects that we need to improve. Under this approach, in 2021 we began to develop (and in some cases) to consolidate our digital platforms:
|Name of the project||Description|
|PACASPRO||Digital platform aimed at delivering value to Construction companies. Through this digital application, our clients will be able to check the status of their dispatches, re-schedule them and display the GPS location of their shipments in real time.|
|APOLO||It will be our new commercial digital platform that will support our Mundo Experto digital strategy. It is in the research and design stage.|
|SISPLAN||Digitization of the request, approval and issuance processes for the discount on plans and promotions, negotiation, tenders and sale, giving visibility to our clients and sales force.|
|BIM||Digital catalogue of company products, aimed at facilitating the transition from traditional construction processes to the implementation of building information modeling. The initiative includes team training and use of BIM as a virtual design tool in the Engineering Department.|
|Cellular Concrete||Project development in conjunction with the R&D and Marketing Departments that involves the design of a new type of concrete with innovative properties such as lighter weight and high thermal and acoustic performance.|
|AYU||The project focuses on getting to know Peruvian families to design a value proposition that enhances the fulfillment of their plans through financial inclusion.|
|ISICOM||The project is aimed at the commercial management carried out by the sales force (CRM), in which we cover all the activities of its roadmap to be able to fulfill its commercial management of sales, registration of construction projects and contact with customers.|
|DAKAR||Digital platform aimed at medium and small carriers seeking greater utilization of their units by offering them an easy and fast way to find reliable cargo.|
|DEDALO||Design and guide the implementation of a process automation model, accelerating the digital transformation of the company.|
|EVA||Digital platform aimed at hardware stores that want to generate sales with digital receipts and that seek to improve the management of their business.|
Strong relationship with local communities
Since we began operations 64 years ago, we have been committed to improving the quality of life of the communities surrounding our plants, whose members we regularly employ. We have developed close and cooperative relationships with the local communities, which are supported by several social responsibility initiatives we have undertaken. For example, the family of our controlling shareholder founded, Asociación Tecsup, a leading non-profit institute in Peru that provides technical education to students as well as UTEC, a leading technical university. We provide scholarships and financial aid to local qualified students interested in studying at Tecsup. Through its three campuses in Peru, as of December 31, 2021, Tecsup had graduated over 12,484 students in various technical fields, some of whom currently work for us and our affiliates.
Highly experienced and professional management and board of directors
Our management team, with an average of 14 years of experience in the cement industry in Peru, has extensive technical and local market expertise and has led our company through our recent growth. We have developed a strong professional business culture and a team of highly qualified executives. We also have a well-regarded and experienced board of directors that includes some of Peru’s business leaders and former senior government officials. Since 2009, we have been selected to form part of the Best Corporate Governance Practices Index of the Lima Stock Exchange, and since 2019 we have been selected as part of the Dow Jones MILA Sustainability Index, for three consecutive years.
Our objective is to maximize shareholder value, while honoring our commitment to the environment and abiding by our social responsibility goals. We aim to be a leading company that provides building solutions anticipating the needs of our clients and that contributes to the continued development of our country. We intend to achieve our objective through the following principal strategies:
Continue to focus on our core business of supplying the rising demand for cement
We plan to continue to meet the increasing demand for cement in our market, while controlling production costs. We intend to increase our production capacity while we continue to serve the current cement market, as well as increasing cement demand through the production of new cement-based products. Our principal goal is to maintain our market share in the northern region of Peru without reducing the profitability of our business.
Deepen our commercial relationship with retailers and end-consumers
We plan to enhance our commercial relationships with retailers and end-consumers in our market, both to maintain brand loyalty and to foster demand for our cement products. We will continue to support retailers in our DINO distribution network by providing product education, training sessions, rewards programs, and assistance in financing purchases of our products. In addition, we continue with our door-to-door commercial strategy for cement sales. We believe that these initiatives have been successful in strengthening our relationship with retailers and end-consumers.
Continue to focus on being the preferred provider of building solutions
We strive to be the supplier of choice for cement consumers in the northern region of Peru, whether its individuals building their homes or private construction companies or governmental entities undertaking projects of any size. We continue to focus on providing consumers with efficient and customized building solutions for their construction needs. Over the past several years, we have evolved from being a single type cement manufacturer to offering five different types of cement products, under 2 brands, and other building solutions, such as assembly gravity walls, sheet piles, precast beams, among others. Moreover, in 2018 we launched a new corporate image and future vision, transforming ourselves from a cement producer to a building solutions company. We focus on innovation and are constantly searching for ways to improve building practices, inspired by our culture based on sustainability. For example, we offer cement that contains special properties that protect against sulfate erosion, as well as other products designed to meet the needs of consumers in the northern region of Peru. For the industrial segment and under our Pacasmayo professional brand, we continue with the digitalization of the purchasing process and of the use of our products and services. For our mass channel and self-builders we have Mundo Experto, an ecosystem that integrates physical and digital solutions, improves the purchasing experience and contributes to the professionalization and formalization of the construction market. Our mission is to provide a comprehensive solution for all project types and thus respond to the unique needs of each client, generating savings and efficiencies in the construction processes. During 2021,we received a Silver Effie award, in the brand experience category, for “construyexperto.pe”, an online platform created to redesign the foreman´s experience, with training and tools that help them be more efficient. The Effie Awards honor the world’s most effective companies and brands.
Selectively pursue acquisitions
We will continue to evaluate and may selectively pursue strategic acquisitions of cement and complementary businesses that expand our geographic footprint and diversify our portfolio of products. Our management team has significant operating experience and industry knowledge in the production and commercialization of cement and cement-related materials, and we believe this experience will enable us to identify and pursue attractive acquisitions that will maximize shareholder value.
Continue to strengthen our enterprise risk management
We continue to strengthen our enterprise risk management methods and processes that allow us to identify, assess and monitor the legal, commercial, operational, financial and reputational risks, as well as fraud, corruption, bribery and money laundering and financing of terrorism risks, determining the existing controls and establishing a plan along with other areas in order to mitigate existing risks. Along these lines, since 2018, we have implemented the ISO 37001 Anti-bribery management systems obtaining the certification every year since 2019. This certification confirms that our management system are designed to help prevent, detect and respond to bribery and comply with anti-bribery laws and voluntary commitments applicable to its activities. We believe this certification reiterates our commitment to global anti-bribery best practices and high standards of transparency and good corporate governance.
Maintain high environmental, social and governance standards
We are committed to maintaining high environment, social and corporate governance standards. We are focused on developing and strengthening a favorable social environment for the continuity and growth of our operations, prioritizing our social investment in innovative education, health and local development programs in coordination with other stakeholders to contribute to sustainable development. Since 2009, we have been selected as part of the Good Corporate Governance Index of the Lima Stock Exchange. Furthermore, in 2021, we received the Top Social Responsibility Award (Distintivo de Empresa Socialmente Responsable) for the ninth consecutive year, in recognition of our achievement corporate goals in a socially responsible manner, a principle that is ingrained in our corporate culture and business strategy. Furthermore, in 2021 we obtain a special distinction in the Ethics and Integrity category. Also, we were included for the third consecutive year as part of the Dow Jones MILA Sustainability Index. This Index is made up of those companies that demonstrate superior performance among their peers under social, environmental and economic criteria.
In February 2022, we were chosen to be part of The Sustainability Yearbook for the second consecutive year. To appear in the Yearbook, companies must score within the top 15% of their industry globally and have a gap of less than 30% from the leader’s Global ESG score.2021 was the first year that Peruvian companies were included as part of the Yearbook, and we are the only Peruvian cement company to be included for two consecutive years. With around 7,000 companies evaluated around the world, an inclusion in the yearbook is a true statement of excellence in corporate sustainability. This achievement is a recognition of our extraordinary efforts to improve in all of these criteria and to work towards ambitious goals in terms of long-term sustainability. We are committed not only to remain in the Index but to improve our performance, as we are convinced that the focus on sustainability is key to our business and our stakeholders.
Likewise, in 2021 we were recognized with first place in the category “Leading Company in Corporate Governance Peru” and second place in the category “Leading Company in Investor Relations Peru” in the “ALAS 20-Agenda Sustainable Leaders” award, organized by GOVERNART in Peru and other countries in the region.
Our core products are cement and other cement-related materials. We also produce quicklime. In 2021, cement, concrete and precast accounted for 92.1% of our net sales and quicklime accounted for 2.0%. We also sell and distribute construction materials, such as steel rebar, cables and pipes, manufactured by large third-party manufacturing companies, and others which in 2020 represented 5.8% of our net sales.
The following table sets forth a breakdown of our shipments by type of product for the periods indicated:
|Year ended December 31,|
|(in thousands of metric tons)||2021||2020||2019|
|Cement, concrete and precast||3,625||2,581||2,614|
The following table sets forth a breakdown of our total net sales by product for the periods indicated:
|Year ended December 31,|
|(in millions of S/)||2021||2020||2019|
|Cement, concrete, mortar and precast||1,784.5||1,185.2||1,292.2|
|(1)||Refers to construction materials manufactured by third parties that we distribute. Construction supplies include the following products: steel rebar, wires, nails, corrugated iron, electric conductors, plastic tubes and accessories, among others.|
Cement is a powdered mixture of ground minerals that, when mixed with water, adheres to other materials and hardens to form a rock-like substance. Cement is generally mixed with other materials, such as gravel and sand, forming concrete with a high degree of compressive strength that is able to withstand substantial pressure.
Cement types are generally classified as either Portland cement or blended hydraulic cement. Portland cement is a hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing clinker, consisting essentially of crystalline hydraulic calcium silicates and calcium sulfate. Blended hydraulic cement consists of a mixture of Portland cement clinker and mineral admixtures, such as blast furnace slag, pozzolanic materials and limestone.
We produce predominantly blended cement, which represented 82.3% of our cement sales in 2021. This type of cement requires less clinker and reduces carbon dioxide emissions of our operations and production. Our global clinker/cement ratio is estimated at 72%, below the average value for similar producers globally of approximately 76%
We produce a range of cement products suitable for various uses, such as residential and commercial construction and civil engineering. We currently offer the following six types of cement products designed for specific uses:
|●||Type ICo. This type of cement is used for general purposes and is similar to Portland Type I cement. It is widely used in our market due to its effectiveness and low hydration heat.|
|●||Type MS/MH/R (called Fortimax3). This is the new formula for the type of cement that is used to protect against moderate sulfate action, such as drainage structures, with higher-than-normal, but not unusually severe, sulfate concentrations in ground water. It is designed for sites and structures in humid areas that are exposed to sulfates and sea water. It also prevents thermal contraction cracking due to moderate heat hydration, and is resistant to contact with alkaline reagents.|
|●||Type I. This type of cement is for general purposes and suitable if special properties are not needed. It is generally used for constructing pavements, floors, reinforced concrete buildings, bridges, reservoirs, pipes, masonry units and precast concrete products.|
|●||Type V. Type V cement is used in concrete exposed to severe sulfate action, principally in places where soil or ground water has high sulfate content. It is generally used in hydraulic construction, such as irrigation canals, tunnels, water conduits and drains.|
|●||Type HS. Type HS cement is used in concrete that is exposed to severe sulfate action, principally where soil or ground water has high sulfate content. It is recommended for port construction, industrial plants and construction of sewage sites. Our Portland Type HS cement has low reactivity with alkali-reactive aggregates, making it more durable than other types of cement.|
|●||Type IL. Type IL cement is a blended Portland limestone cement. These cements are more environmentally friendly than Portland cements and have very similar performance to Portland Type I/II cements|
We believe that our Type V, Fortimax and HS cement products are particularly suitable for construction in the northern coastal region of Peru, where sulfate and chloride concentrations from soil, ground water and sea water affect the durability of construction structures. By educating retailers about the different cement characteristics and conducting marketing campaigns, we believe we have been successful in building demand for our cement products. Our research and development department is also equipped to produce custom-tailored cement products on demand. In addition, through our dedicated team of geologists and scientists, we have significantly reduced the amount of clinker required for cement production minimizing our capital expenditures and significantly reducing our carbon dioxide emissions (CO2).
We market and distribute our cement primarily in 42.5 kilogram bags. Most of our bagged cement is sold to the retail sector consisting primarily of households that buy bags of cement to build or expand their own homes over time with little or no formal technical assistance (commonly referred to as auto-construcción). The bags are made of Kraft paper to preserve the quality of the cement. Our bags include information relating to the composition of our cement, handling instructions, production dates and storage instructions. Our cement bags have different colors to easily identify the different types of cement. Once bagged at our Pacasmayo, Rioja and Piura facilities, our cement is loaded onto trucks operated by third parties. Cement in bulk is sold to large industrial consumers.
We also produce and sell concrete products principally in the form of ready-mix concrete used in large construction sites, as well as precast, bricks, pavers and other precast materials.
|●||Ready-mix concrete. Ready-mix is a blend of cement, aggregates (sand and stone), admixtures and water. It is manufactured and delivered to construction sites in a form that is ready to use. This mixture hardens to form a building material, ranging from sidewalks to skyscrapers. We have 19 fixed and mobile ready-mix plants.|
|●||Concrete precast. We produce and sell concrete precast, such as paving units, or paver stones for pedestrian walkways, as well as other bricks for partition walls and concrete precast for structural and non-structural uses.|
|●||New cement based products. We have developed, and are in the process of developing more cement-based products that are innovative and easy building solutions. Some of these products are:|
|Ø||Mortar for brick laying: Pre-dosed and bagged dry masonry mortar for block and brick laying.|
|Ø||Mortar for plaster: Pre-dosed mortar to plaster interiors and exteriors, walls and ceilings. Allows smooth finishes and thin applications|
|Ø||Caravista Concrete: Concrete designed to be exposed without any additional coating or paint.|
|Ø||Tremie Concrete: Concrete designed to be placed under water at depths greater than 1.5 meters.|
|Ø||New Jersey Walls: safety barriers used to separate traffic flows|
|Ø||Mortar for brick laying: Pre-dosed and bagged dry masonry mortar for block and brick laying.|
|Ø||Viaforte Type MH: Cement of moderate heat of special hydration for stabilization of soils and road bases. The cement provides greater workability and less risk of cracking on site, also ensuring greater durability to the structure|
|Ø||Bagged Dry Concrete: Pre-dosed mixture of cement, aggregates (Stone and Sand) and additives, that only requires the addition of water indicated on the package and mixing (manual or mechanical) to be used immediately|
|Ø||Corner block: Product that complements the structures built with our precast, giving better functionality to any corner.|
|Ø||Beam block: Product that is used to confine the upper part of walls built with our precast.|
|Ø||Concrete driving pipes: precast reinforced concrete pipes that are installed without the need to open pit ditches or dredging of maritime floors. The main use of the driving pipe is to collect seawater (inlet pipe) and to bring brackish water back out to sea (outfall pipe). We are building a 1.5 kilometer long underwater outfall project for the Talara Refinery, where it is necessary to build a water collection system for its fire and cooling system.|
|Ø||Sheet piles presented and assembled: concrete piles that can be pre-stressed or reinforced (they are two different types of manufacturing) that sink one alongside the other, forming a containment structure, used as riparian defenses. We are manufacturing 40,000 ml pre-stressed and reinforced sheet piles that will form a coastal defense for the Piura River, ensuring the containment of water during rainy events, reducing the vulnerability of the city to floods.|
We produce and distribute quicklime, which has several industrial uses. Quicklime serves as a neutralizer, lubricant, drying and absorbing material, disinfectant, and as a raw material. Quicklime has various applications, including in the steel, food, fishing and chemical industries. It is also used in mining operations to treat water and industrial residues, in agriculture as a fertilizer enhancer and, to a lesser extent, in other industries. In Peru, quicklime is mainly used in the mining industry, as an additive to treat water residues. We produce quicklime in finely and coarsely ground varieties and sell it either in bags of one metric ton or in bulk, according to clients’ requirement.
Cement Production Process
The diagram below depicts the standard cement production process, which consists of the following main stages:
|●||extraction and transportation of limestone or seashells from the quarry;|
|●||grinding and homogenization to make the raw material of consistent quality;|
|●||storage in silos; and|
|●||packaging, loading and distribution.|
Extraction of raw materials. To produce cement, limestone/seashells are extracted from our quarries. We use explosives to loosen the limestone and deploy bulldozers to remove dirt and the overburden covering the limestone. We crush the limestone in our primary and secondary cone crusher and the resulting limestone is loaded into trucks and hauled to our Pacasmayo or Rioja facilities from the adjacent quarry where it is stored. In the case of Piura, our surface miner drills out our seashell quarry and then it is also loaded into trucks and hauled to the Piura plant.
Grinding and homogenization. Limestone/seashells, clay and sand are mixed with iron that is acquired from third parties. The quality of the resulting raw meal is monitored by examining samples of each batch and processing them through our quality control x-ray software that automatically measures the mix of materials to confirm the blend is in compliance with our quality standards. Subsequently, the raw meal is sent to a blending silo and then to a storage silo from where it is fed into the pre-heater.
Clinkerization. The raw meal is heated at a temperature of approximately 1,450 degrees Celsius in our kilns. The intense heat causes the limestone and other materials in the mixture to react inside the kiln, turning the mixture into clinker. Clinker is then cooled to a temperature of approximately 200 degrees Celsius and stored in a silo or in an outdoor yard.
Cement grinding. After being cooled, clinker, together with gypsum and some admixtures, is fed into a ball mill or into a vertical roller mill where it is ground into a fine powder to produce cement. In this form, cement reacts as a binding agent that, when mixed with water, sand, stone and other aggregates, is transformed into concrete or mortar.
Storage in silos. After passing through the ball mills, the cement is transferred on conveyor belts and stored in concrete silos in order to preserve its quality until distribution.
Packaging, loading and transport. Cement is transferred through another conveyor belt from the silo to be packaged in 42.5 kilogram bags and then loaded into trucks operated by third parties to be transported for distribution. Bulk cement may be transported (unpackaged) on especially designed trucks that deliver large amounts of cement directly to the work site.
Quicklime Production Process
Quicklime is produced by crushing limestone with a calcium carbonate content of at least 95% by calcinating it in a rotary kiln. The limestone for quicklime comes from our quarries. The crushing of the limestone is done at the quarry and the calcination process takes place only at our Pacasmayo facility. We produce quicklime in finely and coarsely ground varieties and sell both varieties in bags of 40 kilograms and up to one metric ton, as well as in bulk.
Raw Materials and Energy Sources
Limestone and Other Calcareous Resources
We obtain limestone required to produce clinker and quicklime principally from land where we have concession rights. For our Pacasmayo plant, we extract limestone from our Acumulación Tembladera quarry located approximately 60 kilometers from the plant, and for our Rioja plant, we extract limestone from our Calizas Tioyacu quarry which is adjacent to our Rioja plant. For our Piura plant, we extract seashells from Virrilá quarry, located approximately 120 kilometers from the plant.
Acumulación Tembladera. We have a concession with an indefinite term to extract limestone and other minerals from our Acumulación Tembladera quarry, a 3,390 hectare open-pit mine located in the district of Yonan, in the department of Cajamarca. We acquired this concession in November 2002.
Calizas Tioyacu. For our Rioja production, we have a concession with an indefinite term to extract limestone and other minerals from a 400 hectare open-pit mine near our Rioja facility in the district of Elias Soplin Vargas, in the department of San Martín. We acquired this concession in February 1998.
Virrilá. For our Piura production, we also have a group of concessions with an indefinite term to extract seashells and other minerals from our Virrilá quarry, a 931 hectare open-pit mine located in the district of Sechura, in the department of Piura. We acquired these concessions between 2000 and 2008.
In addition to our Acumulación Tembladera, Calizas Tioyacu, Bayovar 4 and Virrilá quarries, we also own concession rights to various other calcareous material quarries consisting, in total, of approximately 40,767 hectares located in the northern region of Peru. None of these quarries are in operation as of the date of this annual report.
Clay, Sand and Other Raw Materials and Admixtures
The other raw materials that we use to produce clinker are clay, sand, iron and diatomite.
For cement production in our Pacasmayo facility, we extract clay from our Cerro Pintura quarry, a 400 hectare open-pit concession located in the district and province of Pacasmayo, department of La Libertad. We were granted this concession by the MEM in 1996. The term of the concession is indefinite, provided we pay an annual concession fee and meet minimum annual production requirements.
For cement production in our Rioja facility, we extract clay from our Pajonal quarry, a 400 hectares open-pit concession located in the district and province of Rioja, department of San Martin. This concession was granted to us by the MEM in 1998. The term of the concession is indefinite, provided we pay an annual concession fee and meet minimum annual production requirements.
We have not calculated our clay reserves, as we believe there is an abundant supply of clay in our concessions and more broadly in the northern region where we operate.
For cement production in our Pacasmayo facility, we use sand extracted from our Cerro Pintura quarry. Our Rioja facility does not utilize sand as a raw material given the type of cement it produces.
We have not calculated our sand reserves, as we believe there is an abundant supply of sand in our concessions and more broadly in the northern region where we operate.
We use small quantities of iron in our cement production, which we purchase from third parties at market prices.
Pozzolanic Materials and Other Admixtures
Our cement production also requires small amounts of other admixtures, such as pozzolanic materials, gypsum and blast furnace slag.
For cement production in our Pacasmayo facility, we use pozzolanic materials obtained from our Cunyac quarry, a 200 hectare open-pit concession located in the district of Sexi, province of Santa Cruz, department of Cajamarca. The concession was granted to us by the MEM in 2008. The term of the concession is indefinite, provided we pay an annual concession fee and meet minimum annual production requirements.
For cement production in our Rioja facility, we use pozzolanic materials obtained from our Fila Larga quarry, a 1,000 hectare open-pit concession located in the district of El Milagro, province of Utcubamba, department of Amazonas. The concession was granted to us by the MEM in 1998.
We also own several other concessions containing pozzolanic material which have not been exploited. In addition, our use of pozzolanic materials may be substituted with clinker or other admixtures. Other admixtures, such as gypsum and blast furnace slag, are purchased at market prices from third-party suppliers. If we are unable to acquire raw materials or admixtures from current suppliers, we believe that other sources of raw materials and admixtures would be available without significant interruption to our business.
Our main energy sources are fuel in the form of coal and electricity. Our production processes consume significant amounts of energy, because our kilns must reach extreme temperatures to produce clinker and quicklime. In addition, milling operations, homogenization and transportation of materials consume significant amounts of energy.
We purchase mostly anthracite coal from local suppliers and import small amounts of bituminous coal from suppliers mainly in Colombia, in each case at spot market prices. Anthracite coal tends to be less expensive than bituminous coal. We store coal at our premises and in our warehouse facility adjacent to the Salaverry port, located approximately 130 kilometers south of our Pacasmayo facility, where we have sufficient stock of coal to maintain our production levels for the next year.
In December 2009 and February 2010, we entered into option agreements to acquire coal mining concessions as a means to secure a steady and reliable source for our coal requirements and to reduce the volatility in costs related to coal. In 2011, we exercised certain options under these agreements to acquire coal mining concessions for 908.5 hectares near our Pacasmayo facility for a total purchase price of US$4.5 million. In 2013, we exercised our remaining options to purchase an additional coal mining concession for 501.2 hectares for US$1.0 million, thereby completing the acquisition of the related coal mining concessions.
As of December 31, 2021, all of the electricity requirements for our Pacasmayo and Piura facilities were supplied by Electroperú and for our Rioja facility by ELOR.
We have a long-term electricity supply contract with Electroperú currently valid until 2026. Electroperú has agreed to provide us with sufficient energy to operate our Pacasmayo and Piura facilities at pre-determined maximum amounts during the term of the contract. Payments for electricity are based on a formula that takes into consideration our energy consumption and certain market variables, such as the U.S. purchase price index, the global price of oil, the local price of natural gas and the import price of bituminous coal.
In addition, we have a medium-term electricity supply contract with ELOR to supply the Rioja facility, which was recently extended until November 2022. ELOR supplies the Rioja facility with six megawatts of electricity at peak hours and eight megawatts at non-peak hours. Payments for electricity are based on a formula that takes into consideration our energy consumption and certain market variables, such as the U.S. dollar price, the local price of natural gas, the global price of oil and the import price of bituminous coal.
Other Production Materials
We use other materials in the cement production process, including paper bags to package cement, which we purchase principally from local suppliers; plastic bags used to package quicklime, which we purchase from local suppliers; and water to cool the kiln exhaust gases and for our crushing operations at our Acumulación Tembladera quarry, which we obtain principally from a well located at our Pacasmayo facility and from the Jequetepeque river. Water used in our production process is maintained in a closed system at our plants and re-processed for utilization in our production process.
The retail cement sector in Peru is characterized by households that purchase single bags of cement to gradually build or improve their homes with little or no professional assistance. This sector is known as auto-construcción. Families in this sector tend to invest a large portion of their savings in building or improving their own homes. Auto-construcción is often conducted with the help of a foreman (maestro de obra) who generally has experience in construction. Our retail marketing plans typically target the maestro de obra who is usually the decision maker when buying cement and other related construction materials.
We also sell directly to small, medium and large private construction companies working on a variety of construction projects, from housing complexes to commercial developments. In the public sector, we provide cement for national, regional and local governments carrying out construction projects including housing complexes and public construction, ranging from local schools and hospitals to large infrastructure.
Sales and Distribution
Our market extends from the Ecuadorian border in the north of Peru to the city of Barranca in the south (approximately 180 kilometers north of Lima), to the rainforest in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Our market covers the provinces of Amazonas, Cajamarca, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Piura and Tumbes in the north; and San Martín and Loreto in the northeast.
Our Pacasmayo, Piura and Rioja facilities supply the entire northern region of Peru, interchangeably subject to where it is most efficient to ship from at the moment, depending on the distance and type of cement being produced, among other factors.
In 2021, approximately 88.6% of our total cement shipments were in the form of bagged cement, substantially all of which was sold through retailers both within and outside of our distribution network. The remaining 11.4% of our cement was sold in bulk or in shipments of precast products or ready-mix concrete directly to large construction companies.
We have developed one of the largest independent retail distribution networks for construction materials in Peru, consisting of more than 379 local hardware stores, with which we have a distribution agreement. In addition, we also distribute to other independent retailers located throughout the northern region of Peru with whom we do not have contractual relationships. We have built our distribution network by investing in strengthening our relationship with retailers.
Even though our ready mix sales are still a small proportion of our sales, we expect this trend to change as infrastructure becomes a bigger driver of demand in the upcoming years. Additionally, we sell and distribute other construction materials manufactured by third parties that are used alongside cement, such as steel rebar, plastic pipes and electrical wires, among others.
Marketing and Brand Awareness
We use our distribution network, together with our strategically located local commercial offices, to promote our products and brands, as well as to keep us informed of market developments. We believe our distribution network has enabled us to build strong recognition for our Pacasmayo brand among maestros de obra, retailers and end consumers which we believe is important to our business, particularly because our cement is principally sold in bags to retail consumers.
Our marketing expenses in 2021 were approximately S/5.6 million, or 0.3% of our sales. Historically, our marketing strategy has been to develop brand loyalty by providing high-quality products, tailored to the needs of our customers, and customer service accompanied by complimentary training for the maestros de obra, who are typically the decision makers in the auto-construcción segment.
We develop strong ties with our distributors by promoting income generating opportunities for them. For instance, we give them priority when hiring transportation to distribute our cement throughout our territory. Also, our large salesforce has the ability to cover most of the construction sites in northern Peru generating business opportunities that are then channeled through our distributors. Finally, our distributors enjoy various commercial and marketing benefits such as rebates, special promotions, special credit conditions, and loyalty programs.
We have been working consistently in recent years to focus time and attention on our client’s needs, in an effort to go beyond just selling cement and its byproducts, to providing solutions and innovating. Consequently, we were well-positioned to leverage these initiatives during the ongoing pandemic period. The self-construction segment has been the primary driver behind the growth in volume sales during 2021. We have focused on several fronts to enhance the customer experience and to facilitate access to our solutions. We have developed Mundo Experto, which is a virtual ecosystem made up of digital solutions that serves to join supply and demand and offers a superior purchasing experience leveraged on intensive use of technology to generate more value for our users. The digital solutions are targeted and customized for the different users, such as foremen, hardware stores, and the self-builder.
In Peru, cement production is subject to standardization (normalización) regulations approved by the National Institute for the Protection of Competition and Intellectual Property (Instituto Nacional de Defensa de la Competencia y de la Protección de la Propiedad Intelectual, or “INDECOPI”). Although the standardization regulations are not mandatory, they are useful in achieving an optimum level of management. As of the date of this annual report, we comply with all standardization regulations applicable to our products.
We have established a quality assurance program in accordance with ISO Standard 9001-2008, certified by SGS del Perú S.A.C., a company that provides inspection, verification, testing and certification services. We monitor quality at every stage of the cement production process. In our facilities, we periodically test the quality of our raw materials. These tests include chemical, physical and x-ray tests. We perform similar examinations of the clinker we produce. Additionally, we also perform regular quality tests on our finished products.
We have a quality control area with computerized systems to access real-time information on the quality of our products. As part of our quality control process, we monitor the performance of our different cement products, monitor the performance of additives in our cement and review monthly statistical analysis on the resistance of cement, among other things.
Peru’s cement production is segmented into three main geographic regions: the northern region, the central region, including Lima’s metropolitan area, and the southern region. We are the only cement manufacturer in the northern region of Peru. The central region is principally served by UNACEM (formerly known as Cementos Lima and Cemento Andino), some imports, Caliza Cemento Inca and Mixercon. The south is principally served by Cementos Yura and Cementos Sur. In 2021, our cement shipments were approximately 3.6 million metric tons, representing an estimated 26.8% share of total cement shipments in Peru.
Although our core business is the production of cement, we hold a number of mining concessions granted by the Peruvian government for the supply of limestone and other raw materials required for cement production. As a result, we are subject both to the mining and the general industrial legal framework in Peru. The regulatory framework applicable to our cement production may be divided into rules and regulations relating to (i) the mining and crushing of limestone and clay, and (ii) the production process.
The General Mining Law (Texto Único Ordenado de la Ley General de la Minería) approved by Supreme Decree No. 014-92-EM, published in the Peruvian Official Gazette, El Peruano, on June 3, 1992, is the primary law governing both metallic and non-metallic mining activities in Peru and is supplemented by implementing guidelines and policies regarding mining and the processing of minerals enacted by the MEM. Under the General Mining Law, mining activities (except storage, reconnaissance, prospecting and trade) are carried out exclusively through various forms of concessions. Mining concessions are granted by the Geological, Mining and Metallurgical Institute (Instituto Geológico Minero y Metalúrgico, or “INGEMMET”), and all other concessions, including our mineral processing concessions, are granted by the Directorate General for Mining of the MEM. Any act, transfer, termination or agreement related to these concessions must be registered with the Mining Rights Registry, which is part of the National Public Registry System, to be effective against the Peruvian government and third parties.
Holders of concessions or mining claims must comply with several obligations, including the payment of an annual concession fee (derecho de vigencia) of US$3.00 per applicable hectare. The annual concession fee is due and payable on or prior to June 30 of each year. Failure to pay the annual concession fee for two consecutive years will result in the termination of the mining concession.
Mining activities require holders to obtain title to the surface land from individual landowners, peasant communities or the Peruvian government. Mining concessions are granted for an unlimited period, subject to the achievement of minimum annual production levels. Two different regimes apply depending on the date the concession was granted:
Under Legislative Decree 1320 and Supreme Decree No. 011-2017-EM, since January 1, 2019, if the annual minimum production or investment has not been met, the annual penalty and the causes to terminate a mining concession will be determined by the General Mining Law for all concessions, as described below.
For concessions granted until 2008, the following rules apply:
|●||the minimum annual production target is equivalent to one tax unit (approximately US$1,187) per year per hectare, in case of metallic mining concessions, and 10% of one tax unit (approximately US$119) per year per hectare, in the case of non-metallic mining concessions;|
|●||the minimum production level is to be achieved no later than the end of the tenth year from the date of grant;|
|●||if the minimum production level is not achieved within that period, an annual penalty equivalent to 2% of the minimum annual production level is due until such level is achieved;|
|●||if the minimum production level is not achieved by the end of the fifteenth year, an annual penalty equivalent to 5% of the minimum annual production level is due until such level is achieved;|
|●||if the minimum production level is not achieved by the end of the twentieth year, an annual penalty equivalent to 10% of the minimum annual production level is due until such level is achieved; and|
|●||if the minimum production level is not achieved by the end of the thirtieth year, the mining concession expires.|
Any penalty must be paid prior to June 30 of each year. Failure to pay the penalty for two consecutive years results in the termination of the mining concession.
Since January 1, 2020, these penalties will be applied for concessions granted in 2009 and thereafter.
The foregoing penalties and fines are not applicable to mining concessions granted by the government through private investment promotion initiatives, which will be subject to the minimum production and investment levels set forth in such contracts.
In addition to the payment of the annual concession fee and the penalty, holders of mining concessions must, pursuant to the Mining Royalty Law, pay a royalty for the exploitation of metallic and non-metallic resources. Prior to the amendment of the Mining Royalty Law described below, the amount of the royalty was determined on a monthly basis. For those minerals with an international market price (gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead and tin), the amounts were computed by applying the rates to the value of the concentrate or its equivalent, according to the applicable international market price. The historic rate scales were established in the Mining Royalty Law’s regulations as shown in the following table:
(in millions of US$)
|Up to 60||1||%|
|Between 60 and up to 120||2||%|
|More than 120||3||%|
In case of minerals without an international reference market price (minerals other than gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead and tin), the mining royalty amounted to 1% of the value of the final product obtained from the mineral separation process, net of any costs incurred in the mineral separation process (componente minero).
However, the Mining Royalty Law was amended on September 29, 2011 to increase the tax payable on metallic and non-metallic mineral resources. Effective October 1, 2011, the royalty for the exploitation of metallic and non-metallic resources is payable on a quarterly basis in an amount equal to the greater of (i) an amount determined in accordance with the following statutory scale of tax rates based on a company’s operating profit margin and applied to the company’s operating profit, as adjusted by certain non-deductible expenses, and (ii) 1% of a company’s net sales, in each case, during the applicable quarter. The royalty rate applied to the company’s operating profit is based on its operating profit margin according to the following statutory scale of rates:
|Operating Margin||Applicable Rate (%)|
|0% - 10%||1.00|
|10% - 15%||1.75|
|15% - 20%||2.50|
|20% - 25%||3.25|
|25% - 30%||4.00|
|30% - 35%||4.75|
|35% - 40%||5.50|
|40% - 45%||6.25|
|45% - 50%||7.00|
|50% - 55%||7.75|
|55% - 60%||8.50|
|60% - 65%||9.25|
|65% - 70%||10.00|
|70% - 75%||10.75|
|75% - 80%||11.50|
|More than 80%||12.00|
Mining royalty payments will be deductible for income tax purposes in the fiscal year in which such payments are made.
We believed that certain portions of the regulations of the Mining Royalty Law were unconstitutional, because they impose a mining royalty tax on non-mining activities. For instance, for cement companies, the amended Mining Royalty Law and its regulations established that the mining royalty tax was calculated based on the total operating profit or net sales, as opposed to operating profit or net sales attributable exclusively to mining products, such as limestone, used to produce cement. Accordingly, in December 2011, we filed a claim to declare that the mining royalty tax applicable for the exploitation of non-metallic mining resources be calculated based on the value of the final product obtained from the mineral separation process, net of any costs incurred in the mineral separation process (“componente minero”).
In November 2013, the Peruvian Constitutional Court affirmed the constitutional challenge we filed against the new regulation of the Mining Royalty Law, in a final and unappealable ruling, on the grounds that the new regulation violates the constitutional right of property, as well as the principles of legal reserve and proportionality. Therefore, the new regulation is rendered inapplicable to our operation. As a result, we will continue to use as a basis for the calculation of the mining royalty the value of the concentrate or mining component, and not the value of the product obtained from the industrial or manufacturing process.
Finally, holders of mining concessions are required at the beginning of their operations to submit a mining closure plan that must contain a description of the steps to restore the areas and facilities of each mining operation area to pre-mining condition. Holders of mining concessions are required to secure completion of the restorative measures by means of the following guarantees: (i) banking guarantee or credit insurance; (ii) cash guarantees; (iii) trusts; or (iv) those indicated in the Peruvian Civil Code.
In August 2021, Law 31347 was approved. This Law amended the Mine Closure Law (Law 28090), specifying aspects such as administrative and oversight powers, the opportunity for presentation and approval of applicable guarantees and periodic reports to be presented to various authorities, among others.
As of the date of this annual report, we primarily owned non-metallic mining concessions and limited metallic mining concessions with respect to iron. Substantially all of our concessions were granted prior to 2008. Our mining rights and concessions are in full force and effect under applicable Peruvian laws. We believe that we are in compliance in all material respects with the terms and requirements applicable to our mining rights and concessions.
The cement production process along with other manufacturing activities are governed by General Industry Law (Ley General de Industrias), Law No. 23407, published in El Peruano on May 29, 1982, which establishes basic rules that promote and regulate activities in the manufacturing industry. The Ministry of Production is vested with authority to promote private investments in connection with industrial, processing and manufacturing activities, the surveillance of sustainable exploitation of natural resources (except for those extractive activities involving primary transformation of natural products), the protection of the environment, and the supervision of the quality of manufactured products. All industrial companies are subject to the General Industry Law and its regulations to the extent that the company’s gross income is primarily derived from industrial activities. Pursuant to Supreme Decree No. 009-2011-MINAM, the supervisory and monitoring functions of the Ministry of Production were transferred to the OEFA in 2013.
Technical Regulation on Hydraulic Cement
On January 21, 2022, the Government published the Supreme Decree No. 1-2022-PRODUCE, which approves the Technical Regulation on Hydraulic Cement Used in Buildings and Constructions in General, allowing the verification of compliance with the minimum safety requirements of cement and preventing and minimizing possible material damage as well as possible losses of human lives. The Regulation will enter into force 6 months after its publication, a period in which all the parties involved (public entities, national manufacturers, importers, laboratories, chain of supply, among others) must adapt their protocols to comply with the provisions contained therein.
This regulation was enacted to correct and avoid possible unfair competition practices, considering that the commercialization of cement that do not meet the minimum safety requirements generates negative effects on those manufacturers and importers that bear the costs for the implementation of the minimum product safety requirements; which creates an imbalance in market competition.
Additionally, the inadequate storage of cement makes cement to lose its physical and chemical properties. The commercialization of such products -that do not meet the minimum requirements of security- produces negative effects on final consumers and prevents them from acquiring safe cement. In case of imports, well-managed cement has a useful life of up to three months but if transported in unsuitable conditions it can be damaged.
Industrial companies and particularly cement companies are required to comply with several environmental regulations. Pursuant to Article 50 of Legislative Decree No. 757, the competent environmental authority is that corresponding to the activity of the company which generates the higher gross annual income. For that reason, the environmental authority that monitors our operations, considering that cement production represents the highest proportion of our gross profit, is the Ministry of Production.
The Environmental Regulations for Manufacturing Industries (Reglamento de Protección Ambiental para el Desarrollo de Actividades de la Industria Manufacturera—Supreme Decree No. 019-97-ITINCI, or the “Environmental Regulations”), set forth different environmental obligations depending on the date of commencement of the subject company’s industrial activities. Thus, companies with industrial cement activities operational at the time these regulations entered into force (September 1997) were obliged to submit an Environmental Adaptation Management Plan (Programa de Adecuación y Manejo Ambiental, or “PAMA”) to the Ministry of Production; while companies with industrial activities starting from that date onwards are obliged to submit either an environmental impact assessment or an environmental impact declaration depending on the level of risk and the impact of their activities on the environment. Furthermore, the Environmental Regulations establish that the Ministry of Production may require a mining closure plan (as an independent environmental assessment) with environmental measures that all companies must comply with before closing their operations to prevent any negative effects on the environment.
With regard to air emissions and wastewater discharges, the Ministry of Production has adopted legally binding environmental quality standards (Limites Máximos Permisibles, or “LMPs”) for cement industries (approved by Supreme Decree No. 001-2020-MINAM). These standards are legally enforceable and all cement industry operations are required to comply with them.
A violation of the Environmental Regulations is subject to different types of administrative sanctions, as determined in the Environmental Sanctions Regime of the Ministry of Production (Régimen de Sanciones e Incentivos del Reglamento de Protección Ambiental para el Desarrollo de Actividades de la Industria Manufacturera—Supreme Decree No. 025-2001-ITINCI), including warnings notices; fines of up to 600 UIT (S/2,640,000); restrictions, suspensions or cancellation of the authorization or concession; and total or partial closing of the industrial facilities. The type of sanction imposed ultimately depends on the seriousness of the violation. Although the environmental competent authority for industrial activities is the Ministry of Production, other government agencies may impose fines in case of non-compliance with applicable permits.
By Directing Council Resolution No. 023-2013-OEFA/CD, of the Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental (the Environmental Monitoring and Enforcement Agency or “OEFA”), OEFA assumes the functions of monitoring, supervision, control and sanctioning of environmental matters in the Cement Sector of the Manufacturing Industry, of the Industrial Subsector of the Ministry of Production - PRODUCE.
In 2016, by Ministerial Resolution No. 201-2016-MINAM, the “National Protocol of Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems – CEMS” was approved. Its objective is to standardize the process of continuous monitoring of polluting gases and particles emitted into the atmosphere by manufacturing activities. It establishes the technical criteria for the selection of continuous monitoring methodologies, as well as the location of the monitoring points, the operation of the equipment and the calibration tests required for the assurance of the quality of the measurements.
By Ministerial Resolution No. 191-2016-MINAM, the “National Plan for the Integral Management of Solid Waste - PLANRES 2016-2024” was approved. It establishes among other things, obligations to managers regarding the management of non-municipal solid waste, as well as the modification of the environmental studies in case it is planned to carry out co-processing.
On January 25, 2022, Supreme Decree No. 003-2022-MINAM was published, declaring the climate emergency of national interest and providing guidelines and priority actions for mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
Prior Consultation with Local Indigenous Communities
On September 7, 2011, Peru enacted Law No. 29785, Prior Consultation Right of Local Indigenous Communities. The law was enacted in order to implement Convention No. 169 of the International Labor Organization on Local Indigenous Communities in Independent Countries, previously ratified by Peru through Legislative Decree No. 26253. This law, which became effective on December 6, 2011, establishes a prior consultation procedure to be undertaken by the Peruvian government in favor of local indigenous communities, whose collective rights may be directly affected by new legislative or administrative measures, including the granting of new mining concessions. A regulation implementing this law was approved on April 3, 2012, by Supreme Decree No. 001-2012-MC, which defines the local indigenous communities that are entitled to the prior consultation rights and establishes the different stages that comprise the prior consultation procedure.
Consultation procedures for mining and processing concessions are carried out by the MEM prior to the granting of a new processing concession.
According to the recent practice of the Geologic Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (Instituto Geológico Minero Metalúrgico), the granting of mining concessions does not qualify as an “administrative measure” that potentially affects the rights of indigenous people because it does not grant per se a right to explore and exploit mineral deposits. Accordingly, the granting of mining concessions has not been included among measures that require consultation procedures with indigenous people. According to Ministerial Resolution No. 003-2013-MEM-DM, the MEM has established that consultation procedures are applicable prior to the commencement of: (i) exploration activities (Autorización de inicio de actividades de exploración); (ii) exploitation activities (Autorización de inicio o reinicio de las actividades de desarrollo, preparación y explotación - incluye plan de minado y botaderos); and (iii) processing concessions (otorgamiento de concesión de beneficio).
Local indigenous communities do not have a veto right; upon completion of this prior consultation procedure, the Peruvian government can discretionarily approve or reject the applicable legislative or administrative measure. In addition, any sale, lease or other act of disposal of surface land owned by local indigenous communities is subject to the approval of an assembly composed of the members of such communities according to the following rules:
|●||for local indigenous communities located on the coast, approval of not less than 50% of members attending the assembly is required; and|
|●||for local indigenous communities located in the highlands and the Amazon region, approval of at least 2/3 of all members attending the assembly is required.|
Permits and Licenses
According to the General Mining Law, a mining concession is required in order to extract mineral resources needed to produce cement. The mining concession grants the right to explore and exploit the mineral resources located in a solid of indefinite depth, limited by the vertical plane corresponding to the sides of square, rectangle or polygon referred to by the Universal Transversal Mercator coordinates. The Geological Mining and Metallurgical Institute (Instituto Geológico Minero y Metalúrgico) is in charge of managing the procedure of granting mining concessions, which includes the receipt of the request, the granting and the termination of mining concessions.
Mining concessionaires are required to obtain the following permits to operate and store explosives:
|●||Certificate of Mining Operation (Certificado de Operación Minera), granted by the MEM;|
|●||Semiannual Authorization for Use of Explosives, granted by the General Bureau of Explosives of the Ministry of Interior (Superintendencia Nacional de Control de Servicios de Seguridad, Armas, Municiones y Explosivos de Uso Civil, or “SUCAMEC”);|
|●||Manipulation of Explosives License for each individual that intends to handle explosives, granted by the SUCAMEC; and|
|●||Explosive’s Warehouse Operation License, granted by SUCAMEC.|
Water and Wastewaters
To use water resources in cement industry activities, it is necessary to obtain a water right granted by the Water Management Authority (Autoridad Nacional del Agua, or “ANA”) prior to the use of underground or fresh water sources. If the proposed activities will generate domestic or industrial wastewaters, which will be discharged into natural water sources or soil, authorization from ANA is required, with a favorable opinion of the General Bureau of Environmental Health (Dirección General de Salud Ambiental, or “DIGESA”).
Hazardous waste generated as a consequence of cement production activities must be disposed of in specialized landfills. The transportation of solid waste outside the limits of the industrial complex must be conducted exclusively through specialized companies registered with DIGESA and MINAM. Industries are free to contract with an EO-RS (a company that provides solid waste services such as transportation, treatment or disposal) or with an EC-RS (a company that carries out commercialization activities aiming at the reuse of solid waste). Yet in order to limit their liability in case of environmental harm, industries must make sure the EO-RS and EC-RS they retain count with all necessary permits to collect, transport and dispose hazardous wastes.
The commercialization, transportation and use of controlled chemical feedstock (Insumos Químicos y Productos Fiscalizados, or “IQPF”) is restricted, because of their potential use in the production of illegal drugs or controlled substances. Companies that require an IQPF must obtain an IQPF User Certificate (Certificado de Usuario de IQPF) from the General Bureau of Chemical Feedstock of the Ministry of Interior (Unidad Antidrogas de la Policía Nacional del Perú, or “DIRANDRO”). Companies such as ours are also required to register with the Ministry of Production any IQPF activities they plan to carry out (Registro Único para el Control de IQPF).
Any company that purchases fuels for its own activities and has facilities to receive and store fuel with a minimum capacity of one meter cubed (264.170 gallons) is required to (i) receive from the Mining and Energy Investment Supervision Body (Organismo Supervisor de la Inversión en Energía y Minería, or “OSINERGMIN”) prior permission to build and operate said installations, and (ii) be registered with the Registry of Direct Fuel Consumers, in order to obtain the SCOP Code (Código del Sistema de Control de Órdenes de Pedido) necessary to purchase fuel.
Cultural Heritage Protection
If the design and development of cement industry activities involves the removal of topsoil, a Certificate of Non-Existence of Archaeological Ruins (Certificado de Inexistencia de Restos Arqueológicos, or “CIRA”) from the Ministry of Culture (Ministerio de Cultura) with respect to the area under construction must be obtained. The CIRA will either certify that on the surface of the evaluated area no archaeological sites or features were discovered, or will identify their exact location and extent in order to implement precautionary measures to protect the archaeological artifact. The CIRA is valid for an unlimited period, but will become void should any archaeological artifacts be accidentally discovered during the construction works or due to any natural cause. In such an instance, the company must stop the construction work immediately and notify the Ministry of Culture. Failure to stop the construction work may generate civil and criminal liabilities. Under certain exceptional circumstances, Peruvian legislation allows the removal of archeological artifacts when the area is required for development of projects that are of national interest.
Peruvian legislation allows hiring employees through: (i) a fixed-term contract, (ii) a contract for an indefinite duration; or (iii) a contract for part-time employment.
The minimum wage established in Peru is S/1,025 per month. Peruvian labor legislation establishes a maximum 8-hour work day or 48 hours per week for employees older than 18 years. For overtime, employers must pay at least an additional 25% and an additional 35% over the regular hourly wage for the first two hours and for any additional hours, respectively. Employees are entitled to a minimum rest of 24 consecutive hours per week.
Regardless of the type of employment contract, pursuant to Peruvian law full-time employees are entitled to receive:
(i) an additional 10% of the minimum wage, provided that they are responsible for (a) one or more children under the age of 18 or (b) persons who are up to 24 years of age if they are pursuing higher education,
(ii) two additional months’ salary per year, one in July and one in December (pursuant to Law No. 29351, said payments were not subject to any social contribution, except for Income Tax; consequently, until December 2015, employers paid directly to their employees as an Extraordinary Bonus, the amount of the contribution to the Social Health Insurance (ESSALUD) for such payments, equivalent to 9% of the bonus paid),
(iii) thirty calendar days of annual paid vacation per year,
(iv) life insurance, since the first day at work,
(v) a compensation for years of service (CTS) equal to 1.16% of a monthly salary and is deposited each year in May and November, provided they work an average of at least four hours per day for the same employer,
(vi) benefits from the Peruvian Social Health Insurance (ESSALUD) to which employers must contribute a rate equivalent to 9% of their employees’ income, and
(vii) a percentage of the company’s annual income net of taxes (10% in the case of income derived from industrial cement operations, and 8% in the case of income derived from our mining or commercial activities), provided the company has twenty or more employees.
On June 25, 2021, Law 31246 was published, which modified the current Law on Safety and Health at Work, to guarantee the right of workers to safety and health at work in the face of epidemiological and health risk.
Free and Fair Competition Protection
In Peru, businesses are generally not required to receive the prior authorization of the antitrust authority, which in Peru is INDECOPI. However, in order to promote economic efficiency and protect consumers, anti-competitive behavior is subject to sanctions under applicable law. Behavior that is prohibited according to national law includes: (i) the abuse of a dominant market position, (ii) concerted horizontal practices and (iii) concerted vertical practices. Moreover, under the Unfair Competition Law it is illegal to act in a way that may hinder the competitive process. An unfair behavior is one that is objectively contrary to the entrepreneurial good faith, ethical behavior and efficiency in a market economy.
On January 7, 2021, Law No. 31112, Law that establishes the Prior Control of Business Concentration Operations (the “Law”), was published in the Official Gazette “El Peruano”, which entered into force on June 14, 2021, together with its Regulations, approved by Supreme Decree No. 039-2021-PCM. This Law establishes a system of prior control of business concentration operations in order to promote effective competition and economic efficiency in the markets for the welfare of consumers.
C. Organizational Structure
Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. is part of the Hochschild Group. As of March 31, 2022, Eduardo Hochschild, directly and indirectly, owned and controlled 38.32% of the shares of Hochschild Mining plc. Through ASPI, as of that same date Eduardo Hochschild, directly and indirectly, owned and controlled 50.01% of the outstanding common shares of Cementos Pacasmayo.
All of our operating subsidiaries are incorporated in Peru. The following chart sets forth our simplified corporate structure, operating subsidiaries only, as of the date of this annual report.
The following is a brief description of the principal activities of our consolidated subsidiaries.
|●||Cementos Selva S.A. is engaged in the production and marketing of cement and other construction materials in the northeast region of Peru. It also owns all of the equity shares of Dinoselva Iquitos S.A.C. (a cement and construction materials distributor in the north of Peru, which also produces and sells precast, cement bricks and ready-mix concrete) and in Acuícola Los Paiches S.A.C. (a fish farm entity).|
|●||Distribuidora Norte Pacasmayo S.R.L. is mainly engaged in selling cement produced by the Company. Additionally, it produces and sells precast, cement bricks and ready-mix concrete.|
|●||Empresa de Transmisión Guadalupe S.A.C. is mainly engaged in providing electric energy transmission services to the Company.|
Other immaterial, non-operating subsidiaries
|●||Calizas del Norte S.A.C. (in liquidation). On May 31, 2016, the Company decided to liquidate the subsidiary Calizas del Norte S.A.C.|
|●||Salmueras Sudamericanas S.A. (“Salmueras”) was engaged in the exploration of a brine project located in the northern region of Peru. In December 2017, the Company decided not to continue with the activities related to this project, as explained in note 1.4 to our annual audited consolidated financial statements included in this annual report. As of December 31, 2017, Quimpac S.A. held a participation of 25.1% of the common shares of this entity. Quimpac left Salmueras Sudamericanas S.A. during 2018 and as consequence, as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, Quimpac does not have common shares of this entity.|
|●||Soluciones Takay S.A.C. is a platform that connects families that want to build with certified professionals.|
|●||150Krea Inc. seeks to develop a business in the United States relating to digital innovation in the construction industry.|
D. Property, Plant and Equipment
We own our headquarters office in Lima, Peru, at Calle La Colonia 150, Urbanización El Vivero, Surco. We also own our plants, warehouses, transportation facilities and the office space at our production facilities, including our workers’ facilities occupying approximately 50,000 square meters at our Pacasmayo facility and a warehouse occupying approximately 25,000 square meters at the Salaverry port facility.
Area of Operation
We own and operate three cement production facilities. Our largest facility is located in the city of Pacasmayo, department of La Libertad, approximately 667 kilometers north of Lima. The second facility is located in the city of Piura, department of Piura, approximately 330 kilometers north of Pacasmayo. This facility started cement production in September 2015. We also own and operate a smaller cement facility, located in the city of Rioja, department of San Martín, approximately 468 kilometers east of the Panamericana Norte highway. From our Pacasmayo and Piura facilities we supply cement principally to the coastal and highland regions of northern Peru, including the cities of Piura, Chiclayo, Cajamarca, Trujillo and Chimbote. From our Rioja facility, we supply cement to the northeastern region of Peru, including the cities of Moyobamba, Tarapoto, Loreto, among others.
As of December 31, 2021, our Pacasmayo facility had 9 kilns, which produce clinker (one of which is also equipped to produce quicklime), and an additional Waelz rotary kiln that produces quicklime. Additionally, our facility has a primary and secondary cone crusher located near our Acumulación Tembladera limestone quarry. The main crusher has installed crushing capacity of 800 metric tons per hour and the secondary crusher has installed crushing capacity of 170 metric tons per hour. Our Pacasmayo facility operates with three horizontal rotary kilns with total installed annual clinker production capacity of 1,034,880 metric tons and six vertical shaft kilns with total installed annual clinker production capacity of 465,120 metric tons. The total installed annual clinker production capacity at our Pacasmayo facility is 1.5 million metric tons. Our Pacasmayo facility also features three cement finishing mills with installed annual cement production capacity of 2.9 million metric tons. Our Pacasmayo facility is also equipped with silos containing storage capacity for 26,700 metric tons of cement.
As of December 31, 2021, our Pacasmayo facility had installed production capacity of approximately 240,000 metric tons of quicklime per year, including the annual installed capacity of one of our clinker kilns and our Waelz rotary kiln, which are equipped to also produce quicklime.
Annual installed production capacity of our Piura plant is 1.6 million metric tons of cement and 1 million metric tons of clinker. Our Piura plant operates with a horizontal kiln with installed clinker production capacity of 1 million metric tons per year, as well as a cement mill with installed cement production capacity of 1.6 million metric tons per year. Our Piura plant also has two storage silos with storage capacity of 240,000 metric tons of cement.
During 2020, we invested in the construction of a new silo, with a capacity of 1,300 metric tons, which will reduce transportation costs as we will be able to serve the areas of influence from the Piura plant.
Annual installed production capacity of our Rioja plant is 440,000 metric tons of cement and 280,000 metric tons of clinker.
Our Rioja facility currently operates with a small cone crusher and four vertical shaft kilns with total annual installed clinker production capacity of 280,000 metric tons and three cement finishing mills with total annual installed cement production capacity of 440,000 metric tons. Our Rioja plant is also equipped with silos with storage capacity of 1,750 metric tons of cement.
Ready-Mix Concrete Facilities
We also have 22 fixed and mobile ready-mix concrete and precast facilities located in the northern cities of Chimbote, Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura, Cajamarca, Pacasmayo, Tarapoto, Iquitos and Moyobamba among others. These facilities allow us to supply ready-mix concrete and precast materials to small, medium and large construction projects throughout the entire northern region of Peru. As of December 31, 2021, our ready-mix operations had 191 mixer trucks, 34 concrete pumps and 2 pavers available to deliver ready-mix concrete.
Capacity and Volumes
The table below sets forth our clinker, cement and quicklime production capacity and volumes in our Pacasmayo and Rioja facilities for the periods indicated.
|As of and for the year ended December 31,|
|(in thousands of metric tons, except percentages)||Capacity||Production||Utilization rate(1)||Capacity||Production|
|(1)||Utilization rate is calculated by dividing production for the specified period by installed capacity.|
|(2)||Our Rioja facility does not produce quicklime. In addition, one of our clinker kilns and our Waelz rotary kiln are equipped to produce quicklime.|
Summary Disclosure (229.1303)
Map of Mining Concessions of Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and subsidiaries.
The following map of Peru shows the location of the total (material and non-material) Peruvian mining concessions of Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and subsidiaries. The mining concessions are located in Piura, Lambayeque, Cajamarca, Amazonas, Ica, Cusco, San Martin, La Libertad and Ancash Region.
Figure 1 General map of the mining concessions of Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and subsidiaries
General description of mining properties and operations
Cementos Pacasmayo has mining concessions in Peru which were obtained through the administrative procedure before the Instituto Geológico, Minero y Metalúrgico (INGEMMET). Mineral concessions are classified according to the type of ore (i.e., metallic and non-metallic).
Cementos Pacasmayo has mining concessions in exploration, development and production stage.
The complete list of Cementos Pacasmayo’s mining concessions is presented in Table 4.
Table 1 shows the main mining concessions that are in the production and development stage, including relevant information for each quarry.
|Name of mining concession||Location of the mining concession||Type and amount of ownership interests||Operator||Surface (Has)||Stage of the mining concession||Permits||Key condition of permit||Type of mine / material||Beneficiation plant and other installations|
|ACUMULACION TEMBLADERA||CAJAMARCA||100||San Martin Contratistas Generales SA||3391||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Limestone||Mining facilities||1,629,895||837,029||1,547,002|
|VIRRILA 3 (2)||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||600||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||38,186||47,476||400,857|
|VIRRILA 10 (2)||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||1000||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||342,621||668,948||918,879|
|VIRRILA 11(2)||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||900||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||365,690||32,298||155,402|
|VIRRILA 15 (2)||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||600||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||673,677||0||89,025|
|VIRRILA 19(2)||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||1000||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Calcareous material||No||4,422||0||0|
|CALIZAS TIOYACU||SAN MARTIN||100||Cemento Selva S.A||400||Production||Yes||EIA (1) and others||Open Pit / Limestone||No||377,702||208,935||400,520|
|(1)||Environmental Impact Study (EIA)|
|(2)||Virrilá 3, Virrilá 10, Virrilá 11, Virrilá 15 and Virrilá 19 belong to the UEA Virrilá and they are considered as material properties in production stage.|
Summary of Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves
The following tables summarize the mineral resources and reserves of the mining concessions of Cementos Pacasmayo and subsidiaries.
Table 2 Summary of mineral resources of Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2021.
|Measured mineral |
|Indicated mineral |
|Measured + indicated mineral resource||Inferred mineral|
|UEA Virrila Total||21.1||48.50||29.2||48.78||50.3||48.66||3.9||46.42|
|*||The information (prices, costs and economic aspects) assumed for the Mineral Resources estimation in the economic model can be found in the Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. Technical Report Summary (TRS) set forth in Exhibits 96.1 (Tembladera quarry) and 96.2 (Virrila quarry) to this annual report. No economic evaluation was performed for the Tioyacu quarry because it only has inferred resources.|
Table 3 Summary of mineral reserves of Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and subsidiaries’ properties at December 31, 2021.
|Proven mineral |
|Probable mineral |
|UEA Virrilá Total||42.4||49.99||2.9||47.77||45.3||49.85|
|*||The information (prices, costs and economic aspects) assumed for the Mineral Reserves estimation in the economic model can be found in the Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A. and Cementos Selva S.A. Technical Report Summary (TRS) set forth in Exhibits 96.1 (Tembladera quarry), 96.2 (Virrila quarry) and 96.3(Tioyacu quarry) to this annual report.|
Table 4. List of Cementos Pacasmayo and subsidiaries mining concession by region.
|Name of mining concession||Location of the mining concession||Type and amount of ownership interests||Operator||Surface (Has)||Stage of the mining concession||Permits||Type of mine / material||Beneficiation plant and other installations|
|ESCALERA 2009||ANCASH||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOS SANTOS 1||ANCASH||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOS SANTOS 2||ANCASH||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOS SANTOS 3||ANCASH||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOS SANTOS 4||ANCASH||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|MACATE 2011||ANCASH||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|MACATE 2012-1||ANCASH||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAMPA CONDOR||ANCASH||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ACUMULACION TEMBLADERA||CAJAMARCA||100||San Martin Contratistas Generales SA||3391||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Limestone||Mining facilities||1,629,895||837,029||1,547,002|
|CELENDIN 11||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CELENDIN 12||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CELENDIN 13||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CELENDIN 14||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CERRO MEMBRILLO||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CERRO QUEMADO||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 10||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 13||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 16||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 17||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 23||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 24||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 3||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 31||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 33||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 37||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 38||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 4||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 40||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 8||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 9||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 2||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 3||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 4||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||999||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 5||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||874||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 6||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||599||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 6A||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 6B||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||199||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 7||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CUNYAC 8||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL CHAMAN||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||750||Exploration||Yes||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|HUAPAL 1||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LAJAS 2||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAMPA GRANDE 1||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAMPA GRANDE 2||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAMPA MOLINA||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PARGO 1||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PARGO 2||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SUNSET 11||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|TIERRA BLANCA||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|YOMIRA I||CAJAMARCA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CHAMO 1||CAJAMARCA / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 11||CAJAMARCA / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 12||CAJAMARCA / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 34||CAJAMARCA / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ELSANA 1||CAJAMARCA / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 14||CAJAMARCA / LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 39||CAJAMARCA / LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|TULLAL||CAJAMARCA / LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 15||CAJAMARCA / LAMBAYEQUE / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ELSANA 3|| CAJAMARCA /|
|ANTIMORO 5||CUSCO||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|HOYADA 2011||ICA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|HOYADA 2012||ICA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ALCENTRO2||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|ANA LUCIA M||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CERRO CAÑA||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 1||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 19||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 2||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 32||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 5||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP-28||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|CP-29||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL DIAMANTE||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||193||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|ELSANA 2||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|MAGIA BLANCA||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||183||Exploration||Yes||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|MARTIN III||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||718||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|MARTIN IV||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|MARTIN V 300||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|MARTIN VI 300||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|MARTIN VII 50||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||54||Development||Yes||Anthracite Coal||Yes||0||0||0|
|MARTIN VIII||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 13||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||79||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 17||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||47||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 26||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||799||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 51||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 52||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 53||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 54||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 55||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 57||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE 58||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE Nº 10||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||159||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE Nº 12||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||79||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE Nº 14||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||50||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAMPA COLORADA I||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||100||Exploration||Yes||Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAMPA COLORADA II||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SAN MARCOS R.Q.||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||369||Exploration||No||Anthracite Coal||No||0||0||0|
|SAN PEDRO 2||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SEÑOR DE LOS MILAGROS DE PACASMAYO||LA LIBERTAD||100||Cementos Pacasmayo S.A.A.||400||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Clay and|
|CP 22||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 53||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|GITANO 10||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|GITANO 11||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|GITANO 12||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|MESONES 2||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PENCAL 2||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SUNSET 10||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 21||LAMBAYEQUE / LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CAMPANQUIS 4||LORETO / AMAZONAS||100||No||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CAMPANQUIZ 2||LORETO / AMAZONAS||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CAMPANQUIZ 3||LORETO / AMAZONAS||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|BAYOVAR Nº 4||PIURA||100||NA||22326||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Calcareous material||No||41,113||42,564||41,531|
|BELIZARIO D||PIURA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|BELIZARIO E||PIURA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|BELIZARIO J||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 36||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 42||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 44||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 45||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 46||PIURA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 49||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 50||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP CINCO-B||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP SEIS-A||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP SEIS-B||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP SIETE||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012 - 4||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012- 9||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012-1||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012-10||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012-11||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012-2||PIURA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012-3||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2012-5||PIURA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|DUNA 2013-1||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ILLESCAS 15||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 1||PIURA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 2||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 3||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 4||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 5||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 6||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|KOKIS 7||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||Yes||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LA PIEDRA||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 69||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 12||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 19||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 20||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 20 A||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 22||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 22-A||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 23||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LONGINOS 23A||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 10||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 12||PIURA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 13||PIURA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 14||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 15||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 16||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 18||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 2||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 3||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 4||PIURA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAREDONES 9||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SOJO 4||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SOJO 5||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIENTO 2014-1||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIENTO 2014-2||PIURA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 3||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||600||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||38,186||47,476||400,857|
|VIRRILA 10||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||1000||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||342,621||668,948||918,879|
|VIRRILA 11||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||900||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||365,690||32,298||155,402|
|VIRRILA 12||PIURA||100||NA||700||Development||Yes||Calcareous material||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 13||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 14||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 15||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C.||600||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Calcareous material||Mining facilities||683,677||0||89,025|
|VIRRILA 16||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Development||Yes||Calcareous material||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 17||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 18||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 19||PIURA||100||ECM Posada Perú S.A.C||1000||Development||Yes||Open Pit / Calcareous material||No||4,422||0||0|
|VIRRILA 20||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||Yes||Calcareous material||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 21||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||Yes||Calcareous material||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 22||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||Yes||Calcareous material||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 23||PIURA||100||NA||200||Development||Yes||Calcareous material||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 4||PIURA||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 6||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 7||PIURA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 8||PIURA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|VIRRILA 9||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|YAPATO 1||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|YAPATO 2||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|YAPATO 3||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|YAPATO 4||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 51||PIURA / LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 52||PIURA / LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|MAJAZ 2||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SM-123||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|NORTE Nº 15||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||199||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|BAYOVAR 2011||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 41||PIURA||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 47||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LA PROMESA 10||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LA PROMESA 11||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 43||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CP 48||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ARCILLAS EL PAJONAL||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|CALIZAS TIOYACU||SAN MARTIN||100|
Cemento Selva S.A.
|400||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Limestone||No||377,702||208,935||400,520|
|MOYOBAMBA 98||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAJONAL 2||SAN MARTIN||100||Cemento Selva S.A.||400||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Clay||No||72,272||46,057||57,129|
|PAJONAL 3||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PAJONAL 4||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|FILA LARGA 98||AMAZONAS||100||No||300||Production||Yes||Open Pit / Clay||No||0||0||1,000|
|FILA LARGA 98 B||AMAZONAS||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 1||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 2||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 3||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 4||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 5||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 6||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 7||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 8||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|RIOJA 9||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|TILAPIA 99||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|TINGOS 2010||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||400||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|YESO YANAYACU||SAN MARTIN||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|FILA LARGA 98 A||AMAZONAS||100||No||399||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|ESPERANZA BLANCA 2||AMAZONAS||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|SOJO 3||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||Yes||Non Metallic||Yes||0||0||0|
|EL MILAGRO 2010||LA LIBERTAD||100||NA||500||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|PARIÑAS 2011||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 10||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 19||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 20||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 22||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 23||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 30||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 37||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 39||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 4||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 40||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 5||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 52||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 68||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 69||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|EL TABLAZO 7||LAMBAYEQUE||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 10||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 11||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 12||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 13||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 14||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 15||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 16||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 17||PIURA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 18||PIURA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 19||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 20||PIURA||100||NA||600||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 21||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 22||PIURA||100||NA||800||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 23||PIURA||100||NA||700||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 47||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 48||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 49||PIURA||100||NA||300||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 50||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 51||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 6||PIURA||100||NA||1000||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 62||PIURA||100||NA||100||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 65||PIURA||100||NA||200||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|
|LOBOS 7||PIURA||100||NA||900||Exploration||No||Non Metallic||No||0||0||0|