Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Campbell Soup
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$35.18 301 $10,590
10-Q 2018-10-28 Quarter: 2018-10-28
10-K 2018-07-29 Annual: 2018-07-29
10-Q 2018-04-29 Quarter: 2018-04-29
10-Q 2018-01-28 Quarter: 2018-01-28
10-Q 2017-10-29 Quarter: 2017-10-29
10-K 2017-07-30 Annual: 2017-07-30
10-Q 2017-04-30 Quarter: 2017-04-30
10-Q 2017-01-29 Quarter: 2017-01-29
10-Q 2016-10-30 Quarter: 2016-10-30
10-K 2016-07-31 Annual: 2016-07-31
10-Q 2016-05-01 Quarter: 2016-05-01
10-Q 2016-01-31 Quarter: 2016-01-31
8-K 2018-12-20 Officers, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-06 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-26 Enter Agreement, Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-30 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-17 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-30 Officers
8-K 2018-04-05 Officers
8-K 2018-03-26 M&A, Off-BS Arrangement, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-19 Officers
8-K 2018-03-12 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-18 Exit Costs
MDLZ Mondelez
ADM Archer Daniels Midland
K Kellogg
NOMD Nomad Foods
SMPL Simplicity Bancorp
TWNK Hostess Brands
FARM Farmer Brothers
RIBT Ricebran
LWAY Lifeway Foods
PETZ TDH Holdings
CPB 2018-10-28
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.B cpb-10282018x10xqxexb10b.htm
EX-31.A cpb-10282018x10xqxexb31a.htm
EX-31.B cpb-10282018x10xqxexb31b.htm
EX-32.A cpb-10282018x10xqxexb32a.htm
EX-32.B cpb-10282018x10xqxexb32b.htm

Campbell Soup Earnings 2018-10-28

CPB 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 cpb-10282018x10xq.htm 10-Q Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q


QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended
 
 
 
Commission File Number
October 28, 2018
 
 
 
1-3822

campbelllogoa04.jpg
CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY 
New Jersey
21-0419870
State of Incorporation
I.R.S. Employer Identification No.


1 Campbell Place
Camden, New Jersey 08103-1799
Principal Executive Offices

Telephone Number: (856) 342-4800

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). þ Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller reporting company ☐
Emerging growth company ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes þ No

There were 301,029,024 shares of capital stock outstanding as of November 29, 2018.








TABLE OF CONTENTS




2






PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
(unaudited)
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Net sales
 
$
2,694

 
$
2,161

Costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
 
1,870

 
1,378

Marketing and selling expenses
 
248

 
219

Administrative expenses
 
176

 
149

Research and development expenses
 
27

 
30

Other expenses / (income)
 
4

 
(29
)
Restructuring charges
 
19

 
2

Total costs and expenses
 
2,344

 
1,749

Earnings before interest and taxes
 
350

 
412

Interest expense
 
94

 
31

Interest income
 
1

 
1

Earnings before taxes
 
257

 
382

Taxes on earnings
 
63

 
107

Net earnings
 
194

 
275

Less: Net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 

Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
194

 
$
275

Per Share — Basic
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
.64

 
$
.91

Weighted average shares outstanding — basic
 
301

 
301

Per Share — Assuming Dilution
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
.64

 
$
.91

Weighted average shares outstanding — assuming dilution
 
302

 
302

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.



3






CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(unaudited)
(millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
October 28, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
 
Pre-tax amount
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
After-tax amount
 
Pre-tax amount
 
Tax (expense) benefit
 
After-tax amount
Net earnings
 
 
 
 
$
194

 
 
 
 
 
$
275

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
$
(43
)
 
$

 
(43
)
 
$
(32
)
 
$

 
(32
)
Cash-flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) arising during the period

 

 

 
9

 
(2
)
 
7

Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net earnings
1

 

 
1

 
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
Pension and other postretirement benefits:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification of prior service credit included in net earnings
(7
)
 
2

 
(5
)
 
(7
)
 
2

 
(5
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
$
(49
)
 
$
2

 
(47
)
 
$
(32
)
 
$

 
(32
)
Total comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
147

 
 
 
 
 
$
243

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
 
 
 
$
147

 
 
 
 
 
$
243

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

4






CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(unaudited)
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
October 28,
2018
 
July 29,
2018
Current assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
205

 
$
226

Accounts receivable, net
995

 
785

Inventories
1,226

 
1,199

Other current assets
95

 
86

Total current assets
2,521

 
2,296

Plant assets, net of depreciation
3,162

 
3,233

Goodwill
4,689

 
4,580

Other intangible assets, net of amortization
3,991

 
4,196

Other assets ($68 as of 2019 and $77 as of 2018 attributable to variable interest entity)
224

 
224

Total assets
$
14,587

 
$
14,529

Current liabilities
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
$
1,845

 
$
1,896

Payable to suppliers and others
951

 
893

Accrued liabilities
704

 
676

Dividends payable
107

 
107

Accrued income taxes
55

 
22

Total current liabilities
3,662

 
3,594

Long-term debt
8,001

 
7,998

Deferred taxes
960

 
995

Other liabilities
549

 
569

Total liabilities
13,172

 
13,156

Commitments and contingencies

 

Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock; authorized 40 shares; none issued

 

Capital stock, $.0375 par value; authorized 560 shares; issued 323 shares
12

 
12

Additional paid-in capital
339

 
349

Earnings retained in the business
2,295

 
2,224

Capital stock in treasury, at cost
(1,084
)
 
(1,103
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(156
)
 
(118
)
Total Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
1,406

 
1,364

Noncontrolling interests
9

 
9

Total equity
1,415

 
1,373

Total liabilities and equity
$
14,587

 
$
14,529

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


5


CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(unaudited)
(millions)

 
Three Months Ended
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings
$
194

 
$
275

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to operating cash flow
 
 
 
Impairment charges
14

 

Restructuring charges
19

 
2

Stock-based compensation
14

 
14

Pension and postretirement benefit income
(15
)
 
(16
)
Depreciation and amortization
122

 
82

Deferred income taxes
17

 
41

Other, net
12

 
6

Changes in working capital
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(223
)
 
(167
)
Inventories
(33
)
 
(105
)
Prepaid assets
(10
)
 
16

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
130

 
84

Net receipts from (payments of) hedging activities
1

 
(33
)
Other
(11
)
 
(11
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
231

 
188

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of plant assets
(111
)
 
(58
)
Purchases of route businesses
(20
)
 

Sales of route businesses
21

 

Other, net
10

 
(5
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(100
)
 
(63
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
1,710

 
2,056

Short-term repayments
(1,745
)
 
(2,116
)
Dividends paid
(107
)
 
(111
)
Treasury stock purchases

 
(86
)
Payments related to tax withholding for stock-based compensation
(5
)
 
(22
)
Payments of debt issuance costs
(1
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(148
)
 
(279
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(4
)
 
(2
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(21
)
 
(156
)
Cash and cash equivalents — beginning of period
226

 
319

Cash and cash equivalents — end of period
$
205

 
$
163

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

6






CAMPBELL SOUP COMPANY
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(unaudited)
(millions, except per share amounts)
 
Campbell Soup Company Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Capital Stock
 
Additional Paid-in
Capital
 
Earnings Retained in the
Business
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
 
 
 
Issued
 
In Treasury
 
 
 
 
 
Total
Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at July 30, 2017
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,066
)
 
$
359

 
$
2,385

 
$
(53
)
 
$
8

 
$
1,645

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
275

 

 

 
275

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(32
)
 

 
(32
)
Dividends ($.35 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(105
)
 

 
 
 
(105
)
Treasury stock purchased

 

 
(2
)
 
(86
)
 

 

 

 

 
(86
)
Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans
 
 
 
 
2

 
46

 
(54
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8
)
Balance at October 29, 2017
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,106
)
 
$
305

 
$
2,555

 
$
(85
)
 
$
8

 
$
1,689

Balance at July 29, 2018
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,103
)
 
$
349

 
$
2,224

 
$
(118
)
 
$
9

 
$
1,373

Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principle:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue(1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8
)
 
 
 
 
 
(8
)
Stranded tax effects(1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(9
)
 
9

 
 
 

Net earnings (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
194

 

 

 
194

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 
(47
)
 

 
(47
)
Dividends ($.35 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(106
)
 

 

 
(106
)
Treasury stock purchased

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treasury stock issued under management incentive and stock option plans


 


 

 
19

 
(10
)
 


 


 

 
9

Balance at October 28, 2018
323

 
$
12

 
(22
)
 
$
(1,084
)
 
$
339

 
$
2,295

 
$
(156
)
 
$
9

 
$
1,415

(1) See Note 2 for additional detail.
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

7






Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(unaudited)
(currency in millions, except per share amounts)
1.
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
In this Form 10-Q, unless otherwise stated, the terms "we," "us," "our" and the "company" refer to Campbell Soup Company and its consolidated subsidiaries.
The consolidated financial statements include our accounts and entities in which we maintain a controlling financial interest and a variable interest entity (VIE) for which we are the primary beneficiary. Intercompany transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Certain amounts in prior-year financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current-year presentation.
The financial statements reflect all adjustments which are, in our opinion, necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position, and cash flows for the indicated periods. The accounting policies we used in preparing these financial statements are substantially consistent with those we applied in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended July 29, 2018, except as described below and in Note 2.
The results for the period are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other interim periods or the full year. Our fiscal year ends on the Sunday nearest July 31, which is July 28, 2019.
Revenue Recognition - Our revenues primarily consist of the sale of food and beverage products through our own sales force and/or third-party brokers and distribution partners. Revenues are recognized when our performance obligation has been satisfied and control of the product passes to our customers, which typically occurs when products are delivered or accepted by customers in accordance with terms of agreements. We make shipments promptly after acceptance of orders. Shipping and handling costs incurred to deliver the product are recorded within Cost of products sold. Amounts billed and due from our customers are classified as Accounts receivable in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and require payment on a short-term basis. Revenues are recognized net of provisions for returns, discounts and certain sales promotion expenses, such as feature price discounts, in-store display incentives, cooperative advertising programs, new product introduction fees and coupon redemption costs. These forms of variable consideration are recognized upon sale. The recognition of costs for promotion programs involves the use of judgment related to performance and redemption estimates. Estimates are made based on historical experience and other factors, including expected volume. Historically, the difference between actual experience compared to estimated redemptions and performance has not been significant to the quarterly or annual financial statements. Differences between estimates and actual costs are recognized as a change in estimate in a subsequent period. Revenues are presented on a net basis for arrangements under which suppliers perform certain additional services. See Note 6 for additional information on disaggregation of revenue. In 2019, we adopted revised guidance on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. See Note 2 for additional information.
2.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued revised guidance on the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. The guidance is designed to create greater comparability for financial statement users across industries and jurisdictions. The guidance also requires enhanced disclosures. The guidance was originally effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. In July 2015, the FASB decided to delay the effective date of the new revenue guidance by one year to fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Entities were permitted to adopt the new revenue standard early, but not before the original effective date. The guidance permits the use of either a full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. We completed the review of our arrangements with customers across our businesses, including our practices of offering rebates, refunds, discounts and other price allowances, and trade and consumer promotion programs. As we evaluated our methods of estimating the amount and timing of these various forms of variable consideration, we determined we will accelerate the expense recognition of certain trade and consumer promotion programs under the new guidance. Based on our assessment, the impact is not expected to be material on an annual basis, but will impact quarterly results. We adopted the guidance in the first quarter of 2019 using the modified retrospective method and recorded a cumulative effect adjustment of $8, net of tax, to decrease the opening balance of Earnings retained in the business, an increase of $10 to Accrued liabilities, an increase of $1 to Accounts payable, a decrease of $2 to Deferred taxes and an increase of $1 to Other assets.

8






The impacts of the changes to our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of October 28, 2018, as a result of adoption are as follows:
 
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption
 
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Adoption
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
Payable to suppliers and others
 
$
951

 
$
950

 
$
1

Accrued liabilities
 
704

 
678

 
26

Accrued income taxes
 
55

 
62

 
(7
)
Total current liabilities
 
3,662

 
3,642

 
20

Total liabilities
 
13,172

 
13,152

 
20

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings retained in the business
 
$
2,295

 
$
2,315

 
$
(20
)
Total Campbell Soup Company shareholders' equity
 
1,406

 
1,426

 
(20
)
Total equity
 
1,415

 
1,435

 
(20
)
The impacts of the changes to our Consolidated Statement of Earnings as a result of adoption are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 October 28, 2018
 
 
As Reported
 
Balances Without Adoption
 
Increase/(Decrease) Due to Adoption
Net sales
 
$
2,694

 
$
2,710

 
$
(16
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings before interest and taxes
 
$
350

 
$
366

 
$
(16
)
Earnings before taxes
 
$
257

 
$
273

 
$
(16
)
Taxes on earnings
 
63

 
67

 
(4
)
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
194

 
$
206

 
$
(12
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per Share — Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
.64

 
$
.68

 
$
(.04
)
Per Share — Assuming Dilution
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
.64

 
$
.68

 
$
(.04
)
In January 2016, the FASB issued guidance that amends the recognition and measurement of financial instruments. The changes primarily affect the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. Under the new guidance, equity investments in unconsolidated entities that are not accounted for under the equity method will generally be measured at fair value through earnings. When the fair value option has been elected for financial liabilities, changes in fair value due to instrument-specific credit risk will be recognized separately in other comprehensive income. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. In 2019, we adopted the guidance. The adoption did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued guidance on the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance must be applied retrospectively to all periods presented but may be applied prospectively if retrospective application would be impracticable. In 2019, we adopted the guidance. The adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In October 2016, the FASB issued guidance on tax accounting for intra-entity asset transfers. Under current guidance, the tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers (intercompany sales) are deferred until the transferred asset is sold to a third party or otherwise recognized. The new guidance requires companies to account for the income tax effects on intercompany transfers of assets other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and

9






interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted in the first interim period of a fiscal year. The modified retrospective approach is required upon adoption, with a cumulative-effect adjustment recorded in retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. In 2019, we adopted the guidance. The adoption did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance that revises the definition of a business to assist entities with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. The guidance requires an entity to evaluate if substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets. If this threshold is met, the set of transferred assets and activities is not a business. If it is not met, the entity then evaluates whether the set meets the requirement that a business include, at a minimum, an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. Beginning in 2019, we will prospectively apply the guidance to applicable transactions.
In May 2017, the FASB issued guidance that clarifies when changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award must be accounted for as modifications. Under the new guidance, modification accounting is required only if the value, the vesting conditions, or the classification of the award (as equity or liability) changes as a result of the change in terms or conditions. The guidance is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We will apply the guidance in evaluating future changes to terms or conditions of share-based payment awards.
In February 2018, the FASB issued guidance that provides entities an option to reclassify the stranded tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on items within accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. Entities are able to early adopt the guidance in any interim or annual period for which financial statements have not yet been issued and apply it either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period in which the tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 related to items in accumulated other comprehensive income are recognized. We adopted the guidance in the first quarter of 2019, effective on July 30, 2018, and elected not to reclassify prior periods. The adoption resulted in a cumulative effect adjustment of $9 to decrease the opening balance of Earnings retained in the business and a corresponding net decrease to the components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). See Note 4 for additional information.
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance that amends accounting for leases. Under the new guidance, a lessee will recognize assets and liabilities for most leases but will recognize expenses similar to current lease accounting. The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. In July 2018, the FASB issued an adoption approach that allows entities to apply the new guidance at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption without restating prior periods. We are currently compiling an inventory of our lease arrangements in order to determine the impact that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2017, the FASB issued guidance that amends hedge accounting. Under the new guidance, more hedging strategies will be eligible for hedge accounting and the application of hedge accounting is simplified. The new guidance amends presentation and disclosure requirements, and how effectiveness is assessed. In October 2018, the FASB issued guidance which permits an entity to designate the overnight index swap rate based on the Secured Overnight Financing Rate Fed Funds as a benchmark interest rate in a hedge accounting relationship. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that changes the disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and postretirement plans. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The guidance is to be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that eliminates, adds, and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. Certain disclosures in the guidance must be applied on a retrospective basis, while others must be applied on a prospective basis. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our disclosures.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance on accounting for implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract. The guidance aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Entities have the option to apply the guidance prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption or retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact that the new guidance will have on our consolidated financial statements.

10






3.
Acquisitions
On March 26, 2018, we completed the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance, Inc. (Snyder's-Lance) for $50.00 per share. Total consideration was $6,112, which included the payoff of approximately $1,100 of Snyder's-Lance indebtedness. The acquisition was financed through a single draw 3-year senior unsecured term loan facility and the issuance of senior notes. Snyder's-Lance is a snack food company that manufactures, distributes, markets and sells snack food products in North America and Europe. Its primary brands include Snyder’s of Hanover and Lance, as well as Kettle Brand, KETTLE, Cape CodSnack Factory Pretzel CrispsPop Secret, Emerald and Late July.
The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of identifiable net assets was recorded as $3,006 of goodwill. The goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill was primarily attributable to future growth opportunities, anticipated synergies, and intangible assets that did not qualify for separate recognition. The goodwill is included in the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment.
On December 12, 2017, we completed the acquisition of Pacific Foods of Oregon, LLC (Pacific Foods). The purchase price was $688. Pacific Foods produces broth, soups, non-dairy beverages and other simple meals. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of identifiable net assets was recorded as $202 of goodwill. The goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill was primarily attributable to future growth opportunities, anticipated synergies, and intangible assets that did not qualify for separate recognition. The goodwill is included in the Meals and Beverages segment.
The table below presents the estimated fair value that was allocated to acquired assets and assumed liabilities of Snyder's-Lance. The final valuation process will be completed within the allowable measurement period. For the three months ended October 28, 2018, we made measurement period adjustments to reflect facts and circumstances in existence as of the date of acquisition. These adjustments primarily included a $134 decrease to indefinite-lived trademarks, a $52 decrease to customer relationships, a $43 decrease to Deferred taxes and a $140 increase to Goodwill.
 
 
Snyder's-Lance
Cash
 
$
21

Accounts receivable
 
220

Inventories
 
219

Other current assets
 
32

Plant assets
 
696

Goodwill
 
3,006

Other intangible assets
 
2,761

Other assets
 
65

Short-term debt
 
(1
)
Accounts payable
 
(124
)
Accrued liabilities
 
(115
)
Deferred taxes
 
(597
)
Other liabilities
 
(24
)
Noncontrolling interest
 
(47
)
Total assets acquired and liabilities assumed
 
$
6,112

The identifiable intangible assets of Snyder's-Lance consist of:
 
 
Type
 
Life in Years
 
Value
Trademarks
 
Non-amortizable
 
Indefinite
 
$
1,997

Customer relationships
 
Amortizable
 
15
to
22
 
756

Other
 
Amortizable
 
1.5
 
8

Total identifiable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,761

The acquisition of Snyder's-Lance contributed $554 to Net sales from July 30, 2018, through October 28, 2018. The contribution to Net earnings was a loss of $6 from July 30, 2018, through October 28, 2018, including restructuring charges, cost savings initiatives and interest expense on the debt to finance the acquisition.
The acquisition of Pacific Foods contributed $69 to Net sales and $3 to Net earnings from July 30, 2018, through October 28, 2018.

11






The following unaudited summary information is presented on a consolidated pro forma basis as if the Snyder's-Lance and Pacific Foods acquisitions had occurred on August 1, 2016:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
October 29,
2017
Net sales
 
$
2,808

Net earnings attributable to Campbell Soup Company
 
$
189

Net earnings per share attributable to Campbell Soup Company - basic
 
$
.63

Net earnings per share attributable to Campbell Soup Company - assuming dilution
 
$
.63

The pro forma amounts include additional interest expense on the debt issued to finance the purchases, amortization and depreciation expense based on the estimated fair value and useful lives of intangible assets and plant assets, and related tax effects. The pro forma results are not necessarily indicative of the combined results had the Snyder's-Lance and Pacific Foods acquisitions been completed on August 1, 2016, nor are they indicative of future combined results. The pro forma results for the three-month period ended October 29, 2017 do not include certain transaction costs, amortization of the acquisition date fair value adjustment to inventories, or a gain on treasury rate lock contracts, as all of these would be reflected in the three-month period ended October 30, 2016, had the acquisitions occurred on August 1, 2016.
4.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following:
 
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments(1)
 
Gains (Losses) on Cash Flow Hedges(2)
 
Pension and Postretirement Benefit Plan Adjustments(3)
 
Total Accumulated Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Balance at July 30, 2017
 
$
(84
)
 
$
(22
)
 
$
53

 
$
(53
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(32
)
 
7

 

 
(25
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
(2
)
 
(5
)
 
(7
)
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(32
)
 
5

 
(5
)
 
(32
)
Balance at October 29, 2017
 
$
(116
)
 
$
(17
)
 
$
48

 
$
(85
)
Balance at July 29, 2018
 
$
(154
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
40

 
$
(118
)
Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle(4)
 
2

 
(3
)
 
10

 
9

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
 
(43
)
 

 

 
(43
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
 

 
1

 
(5
)
 
(4
)
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)
 
(43
)
 
1

 
(5
)
 
(47
)
Balance at October 28, 2018
 
$
(195
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
45

 
$
(156
)
_____________________________________
(1) 
Included a tax expense of $4 as of October 28, 2018, and $6 as of July 29, 2018, October 29, 2017, and July 30, 2017.
(2) 
Included a tax benefit of $1 as of October 28, 2018, $4 as of July 29, 2018, $10 as of October 29, 2017, and $12 as of July 30, 2017.
(3) 
Included a tax expense of $13 as of October 28, 2018, $25 as of July 29, 2018, $28 as of October 29, 2017, and $30 as of July 30, 2017.
(4) 
Reflects the adoption of the FASB guidance on stranded tax effects. See Note 2 for additional information.
Amounts related to noncontrolling interests were not material.

12






The amounts reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) Components
 
October 28, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
 
Location of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Earnings
(Gains) losses on cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
 
$

 
$
(2
)
 
Cost of products sold
Forward starting interest rate swaps
 
1

 

 
Interest expense
Total before tax
 
1

 
(2
)
 
 
Tax expense (benefit)
 

 

 
 
(Gain) loss, net of tax
 
$
1

 
$
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pension and postretirement benefit adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service credit
 
$
(7
)
 
$
(7
)
 
Other expenses / (income)
Tax expense (benefit)
 
2

 
2

 
 
(Gain) loss, net of tax
 
$
(5
)
 
$
(5
)
 
 
5.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets
Goodwill
The following table shows the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by business segment:
 
Meals and Beverages
 
Global
Biscuits
and
Snacks
 
Campbell Fresh(1)
 
Total
Net balance at July 29, 2018
$
978

 
$
3,602

 
$

 
$
4,580

Changes in preliminary purchase price allocation

 
140

 

 
140

Foreign currency translation adjustment
(1
)
 
(30
)
 

 
(31
)
Net balance at October 28, 2018
$
977

 
$
3,712

 
$

 
$
4,689

_____________________________________
(1) 
The balance of goodwill is reflected net of accumulated impairment charges of $837 as of October 28, 2018 and July 29, 2018, respectively, related to the Bolthouse Farms carrot and carrot ingredients reporting unit, the deli reporting unit, and the Bolthouse Farms refrigerated beverages and salad dressings reporting unit.
During the three-month period ended October 28, 2018, we made changes in the preliminary allocation of the purchase price of the Snyder's-Lance acquisition which resulted in a change in goodwill of $140 in the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment. See Note 3 for additional information.
Intangible Assets
The following table sets forth balance sheet information for intangible assets, excluding goodwill, subject to amortization and intangible assets not subject to amortization:
Intangible Assets
 
October 28,
2018
 
July 29,
2018
Amortizable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships
 
$
1,063

 
$
1,116

Technology
 
40

 
40

Other
 
42

 
43

Total gross amortizable intangible assets
 
$
1,145

 
$
1,199

Accumulated amortization
 
(140
)
 
(126
)
Total net amortizable intangible assets
 
$
1,005

 
$
1,073

Non-amortizable intangible assets
 
 
 
 
Trademarks
 
2,986

 
3,123

Total net intangible assets
 
$
3,991

 
$
4,196


13






Non-amortizable intangible assets consist of trademarks, which include Snyder's of Hanover, Lance, Kettle Brand, Pace, Pacific Foods, Snack Factory, Cape Cod, Bolthouse Farms, Plum, Kjeldsens, and Garden Fresh Gourmet. Other amortizable intangible assets consist of recipes, non-compete agreements, trademarks, patents and distributor relationships.
Amortization of intangible assets was $15 and $4 for three-month periods ended October 28, 2018 and October 29, 2017, respectively. Amortization expense for the next 5 years is estimated to be $62 in 2019, $58 in 2020, $57 in 2021 and $56 in 2022 and 2023. Asset useful lives range from 2 to 22 years.
6.
Segment Information
Commencing in the third quarter of 2018 with the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance, we formed a new U.S. snacking unit, which combines Snyder's-Lance and Pepperidge Farm, and is an operating segment. As of the third quarter of 2018, we have four operating segments based primarily on product type, and three reportable segments. The U.S. snacking operating segment is aggregated with the international biscuits and snacks operating segment to form the Global Biscuits and Snacks reportable segment. The operating segments are aggregated based on similar economic characteristics, products, production processes, types or classes of customers, distribution methods, and regulatory environment. Our reportable segments are as follows:
Meals and Beverages segment includes the retail and food service businesses in the U.S., Canada and Latin America. The segment includes the following products: Campbell’s condensed and ready-to-serve soups; Swanson broth and stocks; Prego pasta sauces; Pace Mexican sauces; Campbell’s gravies, pasta, beans and dinner sauces; Swanson canned poultry; Plum food and snacks; V8 juices and beverages; Campbell’s tomato juice; and as of December 12, 2017, Pacific broth, soups, non-dairy beverages and other simple meals;
Global Biscuits and Snacks segment represents an aggregation of the following operating segments: U.S. snacks operating segment, which includes Pepperidge Farm cookies, crackers, bakery and frozen products in U.S. retail, and Snyder’s-Lance pretzels, sandwich crackers, potato chips, tortilla chips and other snacking products in the U.S. and Europe; and the international biscuits and snacks operating segment, which includes Arnott’s biscuits in Australia and Asia Pacific, Kelsen cookies globally, the simple meals and shelf-stable beverages business in Australia and Asia Pacific; and
Campbell Fresh segment includes Bolthouse Farms fresh carrots, carrot ingredients, refrigerated beverages and refrigerated salad dressings; Garden Fresh Gourmet salsa, hummus, dips and tortilla chips; and the U.S. refrigerated soup business.
Through the fourth quarter of 2018, our simple meals and shelf-stable beverage business in Latin America was managed as part of the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment. Beginning in 2019, our business in Latin America is managed as part of the Meals and Beverages segment. Segment results have been adjusted retrospectively to reflect this change.
On August 30, 2018, we announced plans to pursue the divestiture of our international biscuits and snacks operating segment, and the Campbell Fresh segment. The international biscuits and snacks operating segment and the Campbell Fresh segment combined represent approximately $2,100 in net sales in 2018.
We evaluate segment performance before interest, taxes and costs associated with restructuring activities and impairment charges. Unrealized gains and losses on commodity hedging activities are excluded from segment operating earnings and are recorded in Corporate as these open positions represent hedges of future purchases. Upon closing of the contracts, the realized gain or loss is transferred to segment operating earnings, which allows the segments to reflect the economic effects of the hedge without exposure to quarterly volatility of unrealized gains and losses. Only the service cost component of pension and postretirement expense is allocated to segments. All other components of expense, including interest cost, expected return on assets, amortization of prior service credits and recognized actuarial gains and losses are reflected in Corporate and not included in segment operating results. Asset information by segment is not discretely maintained for internal reporting or used in evaluating performance.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Net sales
 
 
 
 
Meals and Beverages
 
$
1,244

 
$
1,239

Global Biscuits and Snacks
 
1,218

 
688

Campbell Fresh
 
232

 
234

Total
 
$
2,694

 
$
2,161


14






 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Earnings before interest and taxes
 
 
 
 
Meals and Beverages
 
$
294

 
$
331

Global Biscuits and Snacks
 
154

 
117

Campbell Fresh
 
(3
)
 
(6
)
Corporate(1)
 
(76
)
 
(28
)
Restructuring charges(2)
 
(19
)
 
(2
)
Total
 
$
350

 
$
412

_______________________________________
(1) 
Represents unallocated items. Pension and postretirement benefit mark-to-market adjustments are included in Corporate. There were gains of $14 in the three-month period ended October 29, 2017. Costs related to cost savings initiatives were $27 and $17 in the three-month periods ended October 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, respectively. A U.S. refrigerated soup plant asset impairment charge of $14 was included in the three-month period ended October 28, 2018. See Note 13 for additional information.
(2) 
See Note 7 for additional information.
Our global net sales based on product categories are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Net sales
 
 
 
 
Soup
 
$
789

 
$
807

Snacks
 
1,209

 
677

Other simple meals
 
431

 
435

Beverages
 
265

 
242

Total
 
$
2,694

 
$
2,161

Soup includes various soup, broths and stock products. Snacks include cookies, pretzels, crackers, biscuits, popcorn, nuts, potato chips, tortilla chips and other salty snacks and baked products. Other simple meals include sauces, carrot products, refrigerated salad dressings, refrigerated salsa, hummus, dips and Plum foods and snacks.
7.
Restructuring Charges and Cost Savings Initiatives
2015 Initiatives and Snyder's-Lance Cost Transformation Program and Integration
In fiscal 2015, we implemented initiatives to reduce costs and to streamline our organizational structure. As part of these initiatives, we commenced a voluntary employee separation program available to certain U.S.-based salaried employees nearing retirement who met age, length-of-service and business unit/function criteria.
In February 2017, we announced that we were expanding these initiatives by further optimizing our supply chain network, primarily in North America, continuing to evolve our operating model to drive efficiencies, and more fully integrating our recent acquisitions. In January 2018, as part of the expanded initiatives, we authorized additional pre-tax costs to improve the operational efficiency of our thermal supply chain network in North America by closing our manufacturing facility in Toronto, Ontario, and to optimize our information technology infrastructure by migrating certain applications to the latest cloud technology platform. In August 2018, we announced that we will continue to streamline our organization, expand our zero-based budgeting efforts and optimize our manufacturing network.
On March 26, 2018, we completed the acquisition of Snyder's-Lance. Prior to the acquisition, in April 2017, Snyder's-Lance launched a cost transformation program following a comprehensive review of its operations with the goal of significantly improving its financial performance. We expect to continue to implement this program and to achieve a majority of the program's targeted savings. In addition, we have identified opportunities for additional cost synergies as we integrate Snyder's-Lance.
Cost estimates, as well as timing for certain activities, are continuing to be developed.

15






A summary of the restructuring charges and charges recorded in Administrative expenses, Cost of products sold, and Marketing and selling expenses related to both programs is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
Recognized as of October 28, 2018(1)
Restructuring charges
$
19

 
$
2

 
$
236

Administrative expenses
13

 
12

 
218

Cost of products sold
12

 
5

 
61

Marketing and selling expenses
2

 

 
5

Total pre-tax charges
$
46

 
$
19

 
$
520

_______________________________________
(1)  
Includes $13 of Restructuring charges and $12 of Administrative expenses associated with the Snyder's-Lance cost transformation program and integration recognized in 2018.
A summary of the pre-tax costs associated with both programs is as follows:
 
Recognized as of
October 28, 2018
Severance pay and benefits(1)
$
212

Asset impairment/accelerated depreciation
58

Implementation costs and other related costs(2)
250

Total
$
520

_______________________________________
(1)  
Includes $13 of charges associated with the Snyder's-Lance cost transformation program and integration recognized in 2018.
(2)  
Includes $12 of charges associated with the Snyder's-Lance cost transformation program and integration recognized in 2018.
The total estimated pre-tax costs for actions that have been identified under both programs are approximately $640 to $685 and we expect to incur substantially all of the costs through 2020. This estimate will be updated as costs for the expanded initiatives are developed.
We expect the costs for actions that have been identified to date under both programs to consist of the following: approximately $220 in severance pay and benefits; approximately $95 in asset impairment and accelerated depreciation; and approximately $325 to $370 in implementation costs and other related costs.We expect these pre-tax costs to be associated with our segments as follows: Meals and Beverages - approximately 40%; Global Biscuits and Snacks - approximately 36%; Campbell Fresh - approximately 2%; and Corporate - approximately 22%.
Of the aggregate $640 to $685 of pre-tax costs identified to date, we expect approximately $535 to $580 will be cash expenditures. In addition, we expect to invest approximately $355 in capital expenditures through 2021 primarily related to the U.S. warehouse optimization project, improvement of quality, safety and cost structure across the Snyder’s-Lance manufacturing network, transition of production of the Toronto manufacturing facility to our U.S. thermal plants, optimization of the Snyder’s-Lance warehouse and distribution network, insourcing of manufacturing for certain simple meal products and optimization of information technology infrastructure and applications, of which we invested approximately $145 as of October 28, 2018.

16






A summary of the restructuring activity and related reserves associated with both programs at October 28, 2018, is as follows:
 
 
Severance Pay and Benefits
 
Implementation Costs and Other Related Costs(3)
 
Asset Impairment/Accelerated Depreciation
 
Total Charges
Accrued balance at July 29, 2018(1)
 
$
46

 
 
 
 
 
 
2019 charges
 
19

 
14

 
13

 
$
46

2019 cash payments
 
(6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued balance at October 28, 2018(2)
 
$
59

 
 
 
 
 
 
_______________________________________
(1)  
Includes $24 of severance pay and benefits recorded in Other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet, $1 of which is associated with the Snyder's-Lance cost transformation program and integration. Of total accrued balance, $9 is associated with the Snyder's-Lance cost transformation program and integration.
(2) 
Includes $20 of severance pay and benefits recorded in Other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(3)  
Includes other costs recognized as incurred that are not reflected in the restructuring reserve in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The costs are included in Administrative expenses, Cost of products sold, and Marketing and selling expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
Segment operating results do not include restructuring charges, implementation costs and other related costs because we evaluate segment performance excluding such charges. A summary of the pre-tax costs associated with segments is as follows:
 
October 28, 2018
 
Three Months Ended
 
Costs Incurred to Date(1)
Meals and Beverages
$
23

 
$
201

Global Biscuits and Snacks
9

 
185

Campbell Fresh
3

 
14

Corporate
11

 
120

Total
$
46

 
$
520

_______________________________________
(1)  
Includes $25 of pre-tax costs associated with the Global Biscuits and Snacks segment recognized in 2018 related to the Snyder's-Lance cost transformation program and integration.
8.
Earnings per Share (EPS)
For the periods presented in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings, the calculations of basic EPS and EPS assuming dilution vary in that the weighted average shares outstanding assuming dilution include the incremental effect of stock options and other share-based payment awards, except when such effect would be antidilutive. The earnings per share calculation for the three-month period ended October 28, 2018, excludes approximately 2 million stock options that would have been antidilutive. The earnings per share calculation for the three-month period ended October 29, 2017, excludes approximately 1 million stock options that would have been antidilutive.
9.
Noncontrolling Interests
We own a 60% controlling interest in a joint venture formed with Swire Pacific Limited to support our soup and broth business in China and a 70% controlling interest in a Malaysian food products manufacturing company. We also own a 99.8% interest in Acre Venture Partners, L.P. (Acre), a limited partnership formed to make venture capital investments in innovative new companies in food and food-related industries. See Note 12 for additional information.
On March 26, 2018, we acquired Snyder's-Lance, including an 80% interest in one of its subsidiaries. In April 2018, we purchased the remaining 20% interest for $47.
The noncontrolling interests' share in the net earnings (loss) was included in Net earnings (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. The noncontrolling interests in these entities were included in Total equity in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and Consolidated Statements of Equity.

17






10.
Pension and Postretirement Benefits
Components of net benefit expense (income) were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Pension
 
Postretirement
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Service cost
 
$
5

 
$
6

 
$

 
$

Interest cost
 
21

 
19

 
2

 
2

Expected return on plan assets
 
(36
)
 
(36
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service credit
 

 

 
(7
)
 
(7
)
Net periodic benefit income
 
$
(10
)
 
$
(11
)
 
$
(5
)
 
$
(5
)
The components of net periodic benefit expense (income) other than the service cost component are included in Other expenses / (income) in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
11.
Financial Instruments
The principal market risks to which we are exposed are changes in foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, and commodity prices. In addition, we are exposed to equity price changes related to certain deferred compensation obligations. In order to manage these exposures, we follow established risk management policies and procedures, including the use of derivative contracts such as swaps, rate locks, options, forwards and commodity futures. We enter into these derivative contracts for periods consistent with the related underlying exposures, and the contracts do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. We do not enter into derivative contracts for speculative purposes and do not use leveraged instruments. Our derivative programs include instruments that qualify and others that do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment.
Concentration of Credit Risk
We are exposed to the risk that counterparties to derivative contracts will fail to meet their contractual obligations. To mitigate counterparty credit risk, we enter into contracts only with carefully selected, leading, credit-worthy financial institutions, and distribute contracts among several financial institutions to reduce the concentration of credit risk. We did not have credit-risk-related contingent features in our derivative instruments as of October 28, 2018, or July 29, 2018.
We are also exposed to credit risk from our customers. During 2018, our largest customer accounted for approximately 18% of consolidated net sales. Our five largest customers accounted for approximately 38% of our consolidated net sales in 2018.
We closely monitor credit risk associated with counterparties and customers.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
We are exposed to foreign currency exchange risk related to our international operations, including non-functional currency intercompany debt and net investments in subsidiaries. We are also exposed to foreign exchange risk as a result of transactions in currencies other than the functional currency of certain subsidiaries. Principal currencies hedged include the Canadian dollar, Australian dollar and U.S. dollar. We utilize foreign exchange forward purchase and sale contracts, as well as cross-currency swaps, to hedge these exposures. The contracts are either designated as cash-flow hedging instruments or are undesignated. We hedge portions of our forecasted foreign currency transaction exposure with foreign exchange forward contracts for periods typically up to 18 months. To hedge currency exposures related to intercompany debt, we enter into foreign exchange forward purchase and sale contracts, as well as cross-currency swap contracts, for periods consistent with the underlying debt. The notional amount of foreign exchange forward contracts accounted for as cash-flow hedges was $77 at October 28, 2018, and $104 at July 29, 2018. The effective portion of the changes in fair value on these instruments is recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) and is reclassified into the Consolidated Statements of Earnings on the same line item and the same period in which the underlying hedged transaction affects earnings. The notional amount of foreign exchange forward contracts that are not designated as accounting hedges was $143 and $140 at October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018, respectively. There were no cross-currency swap contracts outstanding as of October 28, 2018, or July 29, 2018.
Interest Rate Risk
We manage our exposure to changes in interest rates by optimizing the use of variable-rate and fixed-rate debt and by utilizing interest rate swaps in order to maintain our variable-to-total debt ratio within targeted guidelines. Receive fixed rate/pay variable rate interest rate swaps are accounted for as fair-value hedges. We manage our exposure to interest rate volatility on future debt issuances by entering into forward starting interest rate swaps or treasury rate lock contracts to lock in the rate on the interest payments related to the anticipated debt issuances. The contracts are either designated as cash-flow hedging instruments or are

18






undesignated. The effective portion of the changes in fair value on designated instruments is recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified into the Consolidated Statements of Earnings over the life of the debt. The change in fair value on undesignated instruments is recorded in interest expense. There were no forward starting interest rate swaps or treasury rate lock contracts outstanding as of October 28, 2018, or July 29, 2018.
Commodity Price Risk
We principally use a combination of purchase orders and various short- and long-term supply arrangements in connection with the purchase of raw materials, including certain commodities and agricultural products. We also enter into commodity futures, options and swap contracts to reduce the volatility of price fluctuations of wheat, soybean oil, diesel fuel, aluminum, cocoa, soybean meal, corn, butter, and cheese, which impact the cost of raw materials. Commodity futures, options, and swap contracts are either designated as cash-flow hedging instruments or are undesignated. We hedge a portion of commodity requirements for periods typically up to 18 months. There were no commodity contracts accounted for as cash-flow hedges as of October 28, 2018, or July 29, 2018. The notional amount of commodity contracts not designated as accounting hedges was $126 at October 28, 2018, and $118 at July 29, 2018.
In 2017, we entered into a supply contract under which prices for certain raw materials are established based on anticipated volume requirements over a twelve-month period. Certain prices under the contract are based in part on certain component parts of the raw materials that are in excess of our needs or not required for our operations, thereby creating an embedded derivative requiring bifurcation. We net settle amounts due under the contract with our counterparty. The notional value was approximately $12 as of October 28, 2018, and $33 as of July 29, 2018. The fair value was not material as of October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018. Unrealized gains (losses) and settlements are included in Cost of products sold in our Consolidated Statements of Earnings.
Equity Price Risk
We enter into swap contracts which hedge a portion of exposures relating to certain deferred compensation obligations linked to the total return of our capital stock, the total return of the Vanguard Institutional Index, and the total return of the Vanguard Total International Stock Index. Under these contracts, we pay variable interest rates and receive from the counterparty either: the total return on our capital stock; the total return of the Standard & Poor's 500 Index, which is expected to approximate the total return of the Vanguard Institutional Index; or the total return of the iShares MSCI EAFE Index, which is expected to approximate the total return of the Vanguard Total International Stock Index. These contracts were not designated as hedges for accounting purposes. We enter into these contracts for periods typically not exceeding 12 months. The notional amounts of the contracts were $41 as of October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018.

19






The following table summarizes the fair value of derivative instruments on a gross basis as recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018:
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
October 28,
2018
 
July 29,
2018
Asset Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
Other current assets
 
$
1

 
$
1

Total derivatives designated as hedges
 
 
$
1

 
$
1

Derivatives not designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivative contracts
Other current assets
 
$
4

 
$
5

Deferred compensation derivative contracts
Other current assets
 

 
1

Foreign exchange forward contracts
Other current assets
 
4

 
3

Total derivatives not designated as hedges
 
 
$
8

 
$
9

Total asset derivatives
 
 
$
9

 
$
10

 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
October 28,
2018
 
July 29,
2018
Liability Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
Accrued liabilities
 
$
2

 
$
2

Total derivatives designated as hedges
 
 
$
2

 
$
2

Derivatives not designated as hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity derivative contracts
Accrued liabilities
 
$
4

 
$
3

Deferred compensation derivative contracts
Accrued liabilities
 
3

 

Commodity derivative contracts
Other liabilities
 

 
1

Total derivatives not designated as hedges
 
 
$
7

 
$
4

Total liability derivatives
 
 
$
9

 
$
6

We do not offset the fair values of derivative assets and liabilities executed with the same counterparty that are generally subject to enforceable netting agreements. However, if we were to offset and record the asset and liability balances of derivatives on a net basis, the amounts presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018, would be adjusted as detailed in the following table:
 
 
October 28, 2018
 
July 29, 2018
Derivative Instrument
 
Gross Amounts Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheet Subject to Netting Agreements
 
Net Amount
 
Gross Amounts Presented in the Consolidated Balance Sheet
 
Gross Amounts Not Offset in the Consolidated Balance Sheet Subject to Netting Agreements
 
Net Amount
Total asset derivatives
 
$
9

 
$
(5
)
 
$
4

 
$
10

 
$
(3
)
 
$
7

Total liability derivatives
 
$
9

 
$
(5
)
 
$
4

 
$
6

 
$
(3
)
 
$
3

We are required to maintain cash margin accounts in connection with funding the settlement of open positions for exchange-traded commodity derivative instruments. At October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018, a cash margin account balance of $5 and $2, respectively, was included in Other current assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

20






The following tables show the effect of our derivative instruments designated as cash-flow hedges for the three-month periods ended October 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, in other comprehensive income (loss) (OCI) and the Consolidated Statements of Earnings:
  
 
 
Total Cash-Flow Hedge
OCI Activity
Derivatives Designated as Cash-Flow Hedges
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
OCI derivative gain (loss) at beginning of year
 
 
$
(8
)
 
$
(34
)
Effective portion of changes in fair value recognized in OCI:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
 
 

 
6

Forward starting interest rate swaps
 
 

 
3

Amount of (gain) loss reclassified from OCI to earnings:
Location in Earnings
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts
Cost of products sold
 

 
(2
)
Forward starting interest rate swaps
Interest expense
 
1

 

OCI derivative gain (loss) at end of quarter
 
 
$
(7
)
 
$
(27
)
Based on current valuations, the amount expected to be reclassified from OCI into earnings within the next 12 months is a gain of $1. The ineffective portion and amount excluded from effectiveness testing were not material.
The following table shows the effects of our derivative instruments not designated as hedges for the three-month periods ended October 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings:
 
 
 
 
Amount of (Gain) Loss Recognized in Earnings on Derivatives
Derivatives not Designated as Hedges
 
Location of (Gain) Loss
Recognized in Earnings
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Foreign exchange forward contracts
 
Other expenses / (income)
 
$

 
$
(1
)
Commodity derivative contracts
 
Cost of products sold
 
1

 
2

Deferred compensation derivative contracts
 
Administrative expenses
 
3

 
(1
)
Total (gain) loss at end of quarter
 
 
 
$
4

 
$

12.
Variable Interest Entity
In February 2016, we agreed to make a capital commitment subject to certain qualifications of up to $125 to Acre, a limited partnership formed to make venture capital investments in innovative new companies in food and food-related industries. Acre is managed by its general partner, Acre Ventures GP, LLC, which is independent of us. We are the sole limited partner of Acre and own a 99.8% interest. Our share of earnings (loss) is calculated according to the terms of the partnership agreement. Acre is a VIE. We have determined that we are the primary beneficiary. Therefore, we consolidate Acre and account for the third party ownership as a noncontrolling interest. Through October 28, 2018, we funded $81 of the capital commitment. On August 29, 2018, we provided notice of termination of the investment period and have no obligation to make any further capital contributions to Acre for new investments, but are required to pay obligations made prior to the notice of termination, the management fee and permitted partnership expenses.
Acre elected the fair value option to account for qualifying investments to more appropriately reflect the value of the investments in the financial statements. The investments were $68 and $77 as of October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018, respectively, and are included in Other assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Changes in the fair values of investments for which the fair value option was elected are included in Other expenses / (income) on the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. Current assets and liabilities of Acre were not material as of October 28, 2018, or July 29, 2018.
13.
Fair Value Measurements
We categorize financial assets and liabilities based on the following fair value hierarchy:
Level 1: Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability through corroboration with observable market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs, which are valued based on our estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

21






Fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. When available, we use unadjusted quoted market prices to measure the fair value and classify such items as Level 1. If quoted market prices are not available, we base fair value upon internally developed models that use current market-based or independently sourced market parameters such as interest rates and currency rates. Included in the fair value of derivative instruments is an adjustment for credit and nonperformance risk.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of October 28, 2018, and July 29, 2018, consistent with the fair value hierarchy:
 
Fair Value
as of
October 28,
2018
 
Fair Value Measurements at
October 28, 2018 Using
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Fair Value
as of
July 29,
2018
 
Fair Value Measurements at
July 29, 2018 Using
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts(1)
$
5

 
$

 
$
5

 
$

 
$
4

 
$

 
$
4

 
$

Commodity derivative contracts(2)
4

 
3

 
1

 

 
5

 
5

 

 

Deferred compensation derivative contracts(3)

 

 

 

 
1

 

 
1

 

Deferred compensation investments(4)
5

 
5

 

 

 
6

 
6

 

 

Fair value option investments(5)
68

 

 

 
68

 
77

 

 

 
77

Total assets at fair value
$
82

 
$
8

 
$
6

 
$
68

 
$
93

 
$
11

 
$
5

 
$
77

 
Fair Value
as of
October 28,
2018
 
Fair Value Measurements at
October 28, 2018 Using
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Fair Value
as of
July 29,
2018
 
Fair Value Measurements at
July 29, 2018 Using
Fair Value Hierarchy
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign exchange forward contracts(1)
$
2

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

 
$
2

 
$

Commodity derivative contracts(2)
4

 
3

 
1

 

 
4

 
3

 
1

 

Deferred compensation derivative contracts(3)
3

 

 
3

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred compensation obligation(4)
102

 
102

 

 

 
108

 
108

 

 

Total liabilities at fair value
$
111

 
$
105

 
$
6

 
$

 
$
114

 
$
111

 
$
3

 
$

___________________________________ 
(1) 
Based on observable market transactions of spot currency rates and forward rates.
(2) 
Based on quoted futures exchanges and on observable prices of transactions in the marketplace.
(3) 
Based on LIBOR and equity index swap rates.
(4) 
Based on the fair value of the participants’ investments.
(5) 
Primarily represents investments in equity securities that are not readily marketable and are accounted for under the fair value option. The investments were funded by Acre. See Note 12 for additional information. Fair value is based on analyzing recent

22






transactions and transactions of comparable companies, and the discounted cash flow method. In addition, allocation methods, including the option pricing method, are used in distributing fair value among various equity holders according to rights and preferences.
The following table summarizes the changes in fair value of Level 3 investments for the three-month periods ended October 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Fair value at beginning of year
 
$
77

 
$
49

Gains / (losses)
 
(9
)
 
2

Purchases
 

 
5

Fair value at end of quarter
 
$
68

 
$
56

Items Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
In addition to assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, we are also required to measure certain items at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. In the first quarter of 2019, we recognized an impairment charge of $14 to reduce the fair value of U.S. refrigerated soup plant assets to $38. Fair value was determined based on unobservable Level 3 inputs based on projected cash flows associated with the asset group that include significant management assumptions, including expected proceeds.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and short-term borrowings, excluding the current portion of long-term debt, approximate fair value.
Cash equivalents of $13 at October 28, 2018, and $14 at July 29, 2018, represent fair value as these highly liquid investments have an original maturity of three months or less. Fair value of cash equivalents is based on Level 2 inputs.
The fair value of long-term debt, including the current portion of long-term debt in Short-term borrowings, was $8,040 at October 28, 2018, and $8,347 at July 29, 2018. The carrying value was $8,391 at October 28, 2018, and $8,595 at July 29, 2018. The fair value of long-term debt is principally estimated using Level 2 inputs based on quoted market prices or pricing models using current market rates.
14.
Share Repurchases
In March 2017, the Board authorized a share repurchase program to purchase up to $1,500. The program has no expiration date, but it may be suspended or discontinued at any time. In addition to this publicly announced program, we have a separate Board authorization to purchase shares to offset the impact of dilution from shares issued under our stock compensation plans. We suspended our share repurchases as of the second quarter of 2018. Approximately $1,296 remained available under the March 2017 program as of October 28, 2018. During the three-month period ended October 29, 2017, we repurchased 2 million shares at a cost of $86.
15.
Stock-based Compensation
We provide compensation benefits by issuing stock options, unrestricted stock and restricted stock units (including time-lapse restricted stock units, EPS performance restricted stock units, total shareholder return (TSR) performance restricted stock units, and free cash flow (FCF) performance restricted stock units). In 2019, we issued stock options, time-lapse restricted stock units, TSR performance restricted stock units and FCF performance restricted stock units. We have not issued EPS performance restricted stock units in 2019.
Total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense and tax-related benefits recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
October 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Total pre-tax stock-based compensation expense
$
14

 
$
14

Tax-related benefits
$
3

 
$
5


23






The following table summarizes stock option activity as of October 28, 2018:
 
Options
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
 
(Options in
thousands)
 
 
 
(In years)
 
 
Outstanding at July 29, 2018
1,537

 
$
50.36

 
 
 
 
Granted
264

 
$
36.60

 
 
 
 
Exercised

 
$

 
 
 
 
Terminated
(74
)
 
$
49.05

 
 
 
 
Outstanding at October 28, 2018
1,727

 
$
48.31

 
7.6
 
$

Exercisable at October 28, 2018
1,035

 
$
50.88

 
6.6
 
$

No options were exercised during the three-month period ended October 29, 2017. We measure the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The expected term of options granted was based on the weighted average time of vesting and the end of the contractual term. We utilized this simplified method as we do not have sufficient historical exercise data to provide a reasonable basis upon which to estimate the expected term.
The assumptions and grant-date fair values for grants in 2019 and 2018 were as follows:
 
2019
 
2018
Risk-free interest rate
2.99%
 
2.06%
Expected dividend yield
3.78%
 
2.95%
Expected volatility
25.98%
 
19.60%
Expected term
6 years
 
6 years
Grant-date fair value
$6.77
 
$6.67
We expense stock options on a straight-line basis over the vesting period, except for awards issued to retirement eligible participants, which we expense on an accelerated basis. As of October 28, 2018, total remaining unearned compensation related to nonvested stock options was $2, which will be amortized over the weighted-average remaining service period of 1.4 years.
The following table summarizes time-lapse restricted stock units and EPS performance restricted stock units as of October 28, 2018:
 
Units
 
Weighted-
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 
(Restricted stock
units in thousands)
 
 
Nonvested at July 29, 2018
1,652

 
$