Company Quick10K Filing
Cross Timbers Royalty Trust
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-11
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-03-12
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-08
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-07
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-09
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-03-12
10-Q 2018-09-30 Filed 2018-11-06
10-Q 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-08-06
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-10
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-03-12
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-06
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-04
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-05
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-10
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-04
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-04
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-05
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-03-11
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-06
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-07
10-Q 2015-03-31 Filed 2015-05-05
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-06
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-10
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-06
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-09
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-03-14
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-12
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-06
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-09
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-03-08
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-05
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-07-24
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-04-27
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-02-29
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-10-27
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-01
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-04-28
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-02-24
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-10-25
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-07-21
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-04-27
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-02-23
8-K 2020-06-19
8-K 2020-05-18
8-K 2020-04-20
8-K 2020-03-20
8-K 2020-02-18
8-K 2020-01-21
8-K 2019-12-20
8-K 2019-11-18
8-K 2019-10-21
8-K 2019-09-20
8-K 2019-08-20
8-K 2019-07-19
8-K 2019-06-18
8-K 2019-05-20
8-K 2019-04-18
8-K 2019-03-19
8-K 2019-02-15
8-K 2019-01-18
8-K 2018-12-20
8-K 2018-11-19
8-K 2018-10-19
8-K 2018-09-18
8-K 2018-08-21
8-K 2018-07-20
8-K 2018-06-19
8-K 2018-05-18
8-K 2018-04-20
8-K 2018-03-19
8-K 2018-02-20
8-K 2018-02-16
8-K 2018-01-19

CRT 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Item 2. Trustee's Discussion and Analysis.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II - Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-31 d908256dex31.htm
EX-32 d908256dex32.htm

Cross Timbers Royalty Trust Earnings 2020-03-31

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 d908256d10q.htm 10-Q 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 1-10982

 

 

Cross Timbers Royalty Trust

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Texas

 

75-6415930

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

c/o The Corporate Trustee:

Simmons Bank

2911 Turtle Creek Blvd, Suite 850

Dallas, Texas 75219

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(855) 588-7839

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

NONE

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if change since last report)

 

 

 

Title of each class

 

Trading symbol

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Units of Beneficial Interest   CRT   New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☐    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Indicate the number of units of beneficial interest outstanding, as of the latest practicable date:

Outstanding as of May 1, 2020

6,000,000

 

 

 


Table of Contents

CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2020

 

   TABLE OF CONTENTS   
          Page  
   Glossary of Terms      3  
PART I.    FINANCIAL INFORMATION   
Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited)      4  
   Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm      5  
   Condensed Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019      6  
   Condensed Statements of Distributable Income for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019      7  
   Condensed Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019      8  
   Notes to Condensed Financial Statements      9  
Item 2.    Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis      13  
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk      17  
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures      17  
PART II.    OTHER INFORMATION   
Item 1A.    Risk Factors      18  
Item 6.    Exhibits      18  
   Signatures      19  


Table of Contents

CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

The following are definitions of significant terms used in this Form 10-Q:

 

Bbl

   Barrel (of oil)

Mcf

   Thousand cubic feet (of natural gas)

MMBtu

   One million British Thermal Units, a common energy measurement

net proceeds

   Gross proceeds received by XTO Energy from sale of production from the underlying properties, less applicable costs, as defined in the net profits interest conveyances.

net profits income

   Net proceeds multiplied by the applicable net profits percentage of 75% or 90%, which is paid to the Trust by XTO Energy. “Net profits income” is referred to as “royalty income” for income tax purposes.

net profits interest

   An interest in an oil and gas property measured by net profits from the sale of production, rather than a specific portion of production. The following defined net profits interests were conveyed to the Trust from the underlying properties:
   90% net profits interests – interests that entitle the Trust to receive 90% of the net proceeds from the underlying properties that are substantially all royalty or overriding royalty interests in Texas, Oklahoma and New Mexico.
   75% net profits interests – interests that entitle the Trust to receive 75% of the net proceeds from the underlying properties that are working interests in Texas and Oklahoma.
royalty interest (and overriding royalty interest)    A non-operating interest in an oil and gas property that provides the owner a specified share of production without any production expense or development costs.

underlying properties

   XTO Energy’s interest in certain oil and gas properties from which the net profits interests were conveyed. The underlying properties include royalty and overriding royalty interests in producing and nonproducing properties in Texas, Oklahoma and New Mexico, and working interests in producing properties located in Texas and Oklahoma.

working interest

   An operating interest in an oil and gas property that provides the owner a specified share of production that is subject to all production expense and development costs.

 

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CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

The condensed financial statements included herein are presented, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Trustee believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Trust’s latest Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of the Trustee, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the assets, liabilities and trust corpus of the Cross Timbers Royalty Trust at March 31, 2020, and the distributable income and changes in trust corpus for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, have been included. Distributable income for such interim periods is not necessarily indicative of the distributable income for the full year. The condensed financial statements as of March 31, 2020, and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 have been subjected to a review by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, the Trust’s independent registered public accounting firm, whose report is included herein.

 

4


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Unitholders of Cross Timbers Royalty Trust and

Simmons Bank, Trustee

Results of Review of Interim Financial Statements

We have reviewed the accompanying condensed statement of assets, liabilities and trust corpus of Cross Timbers Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) as of March 31, 2020, and the related condensed statements of distributable income and of changes in trust corpus for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, including the related notes (collectively referred to as the “interim financial statements”). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying interim financial statements for them to be in conformity with the modified cash basis of accounting described in Note 1.

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus as of December 31, 2019, and the related statements of distributable income and of changes in trust corpus for the year then ended (not presented herein), and in our report dated March 12, 2020, which included a paragraph describing the modified cash basis of accounting, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed statement of assets, liabilities and trust corpus as of December 31, 2019, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the statements of assets, liabilities and trust corpus from which it has been derived.

Basis for Review Results

These interim financial statements are the responsibility of the Trust’s management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Trust in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB. We conducted our review in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

Basis of Accounting

As described in Note 1, these financial statements were prepared on the modified cash basis of accounting, which is a comprehensive basis of accounting other than accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Dallas, Texas

May 11, 2020

 

5


Table of Contents

CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

 

Condensed Statements of Assets, Liabilities and Trust Corpus (Unaudited)

 

     March 31,
2020
     December 31,
2019
 

ASSETS

     

Cash and short-term investments

   $ 1,546,529      $ 1,501,398  

Interest to be received

     1,385        1,642  

Net profits interests in oil and gas properties - net (Note 1)

     7,858,632        8,161,795  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 9,406,546      $ 9,664,835  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND TRUST CORPUS

     

Distribution payable to unitholders

   $ 547,914      $ 503,040  

Expense reserve (a)

     1,000,000        1,000,000  

Trust corpus (6,000,000 units of beneficial interest authorized and outstanding)

     7,858,632        8,161,795  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 9,406,546      $ 9,664,835  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(a)

Expense reserve allows the Trustee to pay its obligations should it be unable to pay them out of the net profits income. The reserve is currently funded at $1,000,000.

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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Table of Contents

CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

 

Condensed Statements of Distributable Income (Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31
 
     2020      2019  

Net profits income

   $ 2,023,519      $ 1,335,885  

Interest income

     4,293        6,771  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total income

     2,027,812        1,342,656  

Administration expense

     218,878        259,572  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Distributable income

   $ 1,808,934      $ 1,083,084  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Distributable income per unit (6,000,000 units)

   $ 0.301489      $ 0.180514  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

 

Condensed Statements of Changes in Trust Corpus (Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31
 
     2020      2019  

Trust corpus, beginning of period

   $ 8,161,795      $ 8,526,512  

Amortization of net profits interests

     (303,163 )       (88,815

Distributable income

     1,808,934        1,083,084  

Distributions declared

     (1,808,934 )       (1,083,084
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Trust corpus, end of period

   $ 7,858,632      $ 8,437,697  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying notes to condensed financial statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

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CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST

 

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

1.

Basis of Accounting

The financial statements of Cross Timbers Royalty Trust (the “Trust”) are prepared on the following basis and are not intended to present financial position and results of operations in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”):

 

   

Net profits income recorded for a month is the amount computed and paid by XTO Energy Inc., the owner of the underlying properties, to Simmons Bank, as trustee (the “Trustee”) for the Trust. XTO Energy is a wholly owned subsidiary of Exxon Mobil Corporation. Net profits income consists of net proceeds received by XTO Energy from the underlying properties in the prior month, multiplied by net profit percentages of 90% for the 90% net profits interests, and 75% for the 75% net profits interests.

 

   

Costs deducted in the calculation of net proceeds for the 90% net profits interests generally include applicable taxes, transportation, marketing and legal costs. In addition to those costs, the 75% net profits interests include deductions for production expense, development costs, operating charges and other costs.

 

   

Net profits income is computed separately for each of five conveyances under which the net profits interests were conveyed to the Trust. If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from the other conveyances.

 

   

Interest income and distribution payable to unitholders include interest earned on the previous month’s investment.

 

   

Trust expenses are recorded based on liabilities paid and cash reserves established by the Trustee for liabilities and contingencies.

 

   

Distributions to unitholders are recorded when declared by the Trustee.

The Trust’s financial statements differ from those prepared in conformity with U.S. GAAP because revenues are recognized when received rather than accrued in the month of production, expenses are recognized when paid rather than when incurred, and certain cash reserves may be established by the Trustee for contingencies which would not be recorded under U.S. GAAP. This comprehensive basis of accounting other than U.S. GAAP corresponds to the accounting permitted for royalty trusts by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, as specified by Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 12:E, Financial Statements of Royalty Trusts.

Most accounting pronouncements apply to entities whose financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, directing such entities to accrue or defer revenues and expenses in a period other than when such revenues were received or expenses were paid. Because the Trust’s financial statements are prepared on the modified cash basis, as described above, most accounting pronouncements are not applicable to the Trust’s financial statements.

 

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Impairment of Net Profits Interests

The Trustee reviews the Trust’s net profits interests (“NPI”) in oil and gas properties for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the NPI may not be recoverable. In general, the Trustee does not view temporarily low prices as an indication of impairment. The markets for crude oil and natural gas have a history of significant price volatility and though prices will occasionally drop significantly, industry prices over the long term will continue to be driven by market supply and demand. If events and circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable, the Trustee would use the estimated undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI to evaluate the recoverability of the Trust assets. If the undiscounted future net cash flows from the NPI are less than the NPI carrying value, the Trust would recognize an impairment loss for the difference between the NPI carrying value and the estimated fair value of the NPI. The determination as to whether the NPI is impaired requires a significant amount of judgment by the Trustee and is based on the best information available to the Trustee at the time of the evaluation, including information provided by XTO Energy such as estimates of future production and development and operating expenses.

During the first quarter of 2020, short term oil price forecasts declined significantly primarily due to the COVID-19 pandemic and market factors, including supply and demand. Although temporary low prices generally are not viewed as an indication of impairment, due to the significance of the current facts and circumstances, a trigger event occurred in the first quarter of 2020 for the 75% NPI indicating a need for further analysis. An assessment of the undiscounted future net cash flows for the 75% NPI was performed and it was determined that such cash flows exceeded the carrying value of the 75% NPI. Accordingly, there was no impairment of the NPI as of March 31, 2020. The Trustee will continue to monitor the NPI for impairment in future periods in light of continued price volatility following March 31, 2020. Impairments recorded for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

Net profits interests in oil and gas properties

The initial carrying value of the net profits interests of $61,100,449 represents XTO Energy’s historical net book value for the interests on February 12, 1991, the creation date of the Trust. Amortization of the net profits interests is calculated on a unit-of-production basis and is charged directly to trust corpus. Accumulated amortization was $53,241,817 as of March 31, 2020 and $52,938,654 as of December 31, 2019.

 

2.

Income Taxes

For federal income tax purposes, the Trust constitutes a fixed investment trust that is taxed as a grantor trust. A grantor trust is not subject to tax at the trust level. Accordingly, no provision for income taxes has been made in the financial statements. The unitholders are considered to own the Trust’s income and principal as though no trust were in existence. The income of the Trust is deemed to have been received or accrued by each unitholder at the time such income is received or accrued by the Trust and not when distributed by the Trust. Impairments recorded for book purposes will not result in a loss for tax purposes for the unitholders until the loss is recognized.

All revenues from the Trust are from sources within Texas, Oklahoma or New Mexico. Because it distributes all of its net income to unitholders, the Trust has not been taxed at the trust level in New Mexico or Oklahoma. While the Trust has not owed tax, the Trustee is required to file an Oklahoma income tax return reflecting the income and deductions of the Trust attributable to properties located in that state, along with a schedule that includes information regarding distributions to unitholders. Oklahoma and New Mexico tax the income of nonresidents from real property located within those states, and the Trust has been advised by counsel that such states will tax nonresidents on income from

 

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the net profits interests located in those states. Oklahoma and New Mexico also impose a corporate income tax that may apply to unitholders organized as corporations (subject to certain exceptions for S corporations and limited liability companies, depending on their treatment for federal tax purposes).

Texas imposes a franchise tax at a rate of 0.75% on gross revenues less certain deductions, as specifically set forth in the Texas franchise tax statutes. Entities subject to tax generally include trusts and most other types of entities that provide limited liability protection, unless otherwise exempt. Trusts that receive at least 90% of their federal gross income from certain passive sources, including royalties from mineral properties and other non-operated mineral interest income, and do not receive more than 10% of their income from operating an active trade or business, generally are exempt from the Texas franchise tax as “passive entities.” The Trust has been and expects to continue to be exempt from Texas franchise tax as a passive entity. Because the Trust should be exempt from Texas franchise tax at the trust level as a passive entity, each unitholder that is a taxable entity under the Texas franchise tax will generally be required to include its Texas portion of trust revenues in its own Texas franchise tax computation. This revenue is sourced to Texas under provisions of the Texas Administrative Code providing that such income is sourced according to the principal place of business of the Trust, which is Texas.

The Trust could potentially be required to bear a portion of the amounts paid by XTO to resolve the royalty claims asserted in the Chieftain class action lawsuit. For information on contingencies, see Note 3 to Condensed Financial Statements. In the event that the Trust is determined to be responsible for such costs, XTO may deduct the costs in its calculation of the net profits income payable to the Trust from the applicable net profits interests. Thus, for unitholders, these costs will be reflected through a reduction in net profits income received from the Trust and thus in a reduction in the gross royalty income reported by and taxable to the unitholders. In the event that the Trustee objects to such claimed reductions, the Trustee may also incur legal fees in representing the Trust’s interests. For unitholders, such costs would be reflected through an increase in the Trust’s administrative expenses, which would be deductible by unitholders in determining the net royalty income from the Trust. However, as discussed in Note 3 to Condensed Financial Statements, the Trustee and XTO have entered into an agreement regarding the timing of XTO making the accounting entries to allocate to the Trust its proportional share of the Chieftain settlement.

Each unitholder should consult his or her own tax advisor regarding income tax requirements, if any, applicable to such person’s ownership of Trust units.

Unitholders should consult the Trust’s latest annual report on Form 10-K for a more detailed discussion of federal and state tax matters.

 

3.

Contingencies

Litigation

A federal district court approved the settlement of a royalty class action lawsuit against XTO Energy Inc. (Chieftain Royalty Company v. XTO Energy Inc.) in March 2018. In July 2018, the class plaintiffs submitted their plan to allocate the settlement funds among members of the class. After that plan of allocation was approved, XTO Energy advised the Trustee that, based upon that plan, approximately $40,000 should be allocated to the Trust as additional production costs.

The Trustee has objected to similar claims relating to the Chieftain settlement with respect to another trust for which it serves as trustee (the Hugoton Royalty Trust) pursuant to a demand for arbitration styled Simmons Bank (successor to Southwest Bank and Bank of America, N.A.) vs. XTO Energy Inc. through the American Arbitration Association seeking a declaratory judgment that the Chieftain

 

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settlement is not a production cost and that XTO Energy is prohibited from charging the settlement as a production cost under the conveyance or otherwise reducing the Hugoton Royalty Trust’s payments now or in the future as a result of the Chieftain litigation. Therefore, the Trustee and XTO have agreed that XTO will defer making the accounting entries to allocate to the Trust its proportional share of the Chieftain settlement until the panel in the pending arbitration issues its final award on the Trustee’s request for a declaratory judgment. The Trustee intends to review any claimed reductions in payment to the Trust based on the facts and circumstances of the settlement.

Other

Several states have enacted legislation requiring state income tax withholding from payments made to nonresident recipients of oil and gas proceeds. After consultation with its tax counsel, the Trustee believes that it is not required to withhold on payments made to the unitholders. However, regulations are subject to change by the various states, which could change this conclusion. Should amounts be withheld on payments made to the Trust or the unitholders, distributions to the unitholders would be reduced by the required amount, subject to the filing of a claim for refund by the Trust or unitholders for such amount.

 

4.

Excess Costs

If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from other conveyances.

The following summarizes excess costs activity, cumulative excess costs balances and accrued interest to be recovered by conveyance:

 

     Underlying  
     TX WI      OK WI      Total  

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/19

   $ 1,961,767      $ —        $ 1,961,767  

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 3/31/20

     (54,987      —          (54,987
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 3/31/20

     1,906,780        —          1,906,780  

Accrued interest at 3/31/20

     368,723        —          368,723  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total remaining to be recovered at 3/31/20

   $ 2,275,503      $ —        $ 2,275,503  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     NPI  
     TX WI      OK WI      Total  

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 12/31/19

   $ 1,471,326      $ —        $ 1,471,326  

Net excess costs (recovery) for the quarter ended 3/31/20

     (41,241      —          (41,241
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cumulative excess costs remaining at 3/31/20

     1,430,085        —          1,430,085  

Accrued interest at 3/31/20

     276,542        —          276,542  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total remaining to be recovered at 3/31/20

   $ 1,706,627      $ —        $ 1,706,627  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For the quarter ended March 31, 2020, lower production expenses primarily due to timing of invoices resulted in the partial recovery of excess costs on properties underlying the Texas working interests.

Underlying cumulative excess costs for the Texas working interest conveyance remaining as of March 31, 2020 totaled $2.3 million, including accrued interest of $0.4 million.

 

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5.

XTO Energy Inc.

In computing net proceeds for the 75% net profits interests, XTO Energy deducts an overhead charge as reimbursement for costs associated with monitoring these interests. This monthly overhead charge at March 31, 2020 was $41,705 ($31,279 NPI) and is subject to annual adjustment based on an oil and gas industry index.

XTO Energy deducts a monthly overhead charge for reimbursement of administrative expenses as operator of the Hewitt Unit, which is one of the properties underlying the Oklahoma 75% net profits interests. As of March 31, 2020, this monthly charge was approximately $29,000 ($22,000 NPI) and is subject to annual adjustment based on an oil and gas industry index. Other than this property, XTO Energy and ExxonMobil do not operate or control any of the underlying properties or related working interests.

Item 2. Trustee’s Discussion and Analysis.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Trustee’s discussion and analysis contained in the Trust’s 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as the condensed financial statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available on the Trust’s web site at www.crt-crosstimbers.com.

Distributable Income

For the quarter ended March 31, 2020, net profits income was $2,023,519 compared to $1,335,885 for first quarter 2019. This 51% increase in net profits income is primarily the result of increased oil and gas production ($0.3 million), increased oil prices ($0.2 million), decreased taxes, transportation and other costs ($0.2 million), net excess costs activity ($0.1 million), and decreased development costs ($0.1 million), partially offset by decreased gas prices ($0.2 million) and increased overhead ($0.1 million). See “Net Profits Income” below.

After considering interest income of $4,293 and administration expense of $218,878, distributable income for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 was $1,808,934, or $0.301489 per unit of beneficial interest. Administration expense for the quarter decreased $40,694 from the prior year quarter, primarily related to the timing of receipt and payment of Trust expenses and terms of professional services. Changes in interest income are attributable to fluctuations in net profits income and interest rates. For first quarter 2019, distributable income was $1,083,084, or $0.180514 per unit. Distributions to unitholders for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 were:

 

Record Date

   Payment Date      Distribution
per Unit
 

January 31, 2020

     February 14, 2020      $ 0.104177  

February 28, 2020

     March 13, 2020        0.105993  

March 31, 2020

     April 14, 2020        0.091319  
     

 

 

 
      $ 0.301489  
     

 

 

 

 

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Net Profits Income

Net profits income is recorded when received by the Trust, which is the month following receipt by XTO Energy and generally two months after oil production and three months after gas production. Net profits income is generally affected by three major factors:

 

   

oil and gas sales volumes,

 

   

oil and gas sales prices, and

 

   

costs deducted in the calculation of net profits income.

Because properties underlying the 90% net profits interests are primarily royalty and overriding royalty interests, the calculation of net profits income from these interests includes deductions for production and property taxes, legal costs, and marketing and transportation charges. In addition to these costs, the calculation of net profits income from the 75% net profits interests includes deductions for production expense, development costs and overhead since the related underlying properties are working interests.

 

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The following is a summary of the calculation of net profits income received by the Trust:

 

     Three Months
Ended March 31
(a)
     Increase
(Decrease)
 
     2020      2019  

Sales Volumes

        

Oil (Bbls) (b)

        

Underlying properties

     53,808        47,174        14

Average per day

     585        513        14

Net profits interests

     26,090        12,347        111

Gas (Mcf) (b)

        

Underlying properties

     297,904        282,549        5

Average per day

     3,238        3,071        5

Net profits interests

     263,828        237,595        11

Average Sales Prices

        

Oil (per Bbl)

   $ 54.72      $ 48.88        12

Gas (per Mcf)

   $ 3.16      $ 4.22        (25 %) 

Revenues

        

Oil sales

   $ 2,944,140      $ 2,305,750        28

Gas sales

     941,591        1,191,352        (21 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Revenues

     3,885,731        3,497,102        11
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Costs

        

Taxes, transportation and other

     331,476        560,232        (41 %) 

Production expense (c)

     1,089,451        990,328        10

Development costs

     33,713        206,508        (84 %) 

Excess costs (d)

     54,987        225,963        (76 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total Costs

     1,509,627        1,983,031        (24 %) 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Other Proceeds

        

Interest income

     8,188        —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Net Proceeds

   $ 2,384,292      $ 1,514,071        57
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

Net Profits Income

   $ 2,023,519      $ 1,335,885        51
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

(a)

Because of the interval between time of production and receipt of royalty income by the Trust, oil and gas sales for the quarter ended March 31 generally represent oil production for the period November through January and gas production for the period October through December.

 

(b)

Oil and gas sales volumes are allocated to the net profits interests by dividing Trust net cash inflows by average sales prices. As oil and gas prices change, the Trust’s allocated production volumes are impacted as the quantity of production necessary to cover expenses changes inversely with price. As such, the underlying property production volume changes may not correlate with the Trust’s allocated production volumes in any given period. Therefore, comparative discussion of oil and gas sales volumes is based on the underlying properties.

 

(c)

Production expense includes an overhead charge which is deducted and retained by the operator. XTO Energy deducts an overhead charge as reimbursement for costs associated with monitoring these interests. See Note 5 to Condensed Financial Statements.

 

(d)

See Note 4 to Condensed Financial Statements.

 

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The following are explanations of significant variances on the underlying properties from first quarter 2019 to first quarter 2020:

Sales Volumes

Oil

Oil sales volumes increased 14% from first quarter 2019 to first quarter 2020 primarily because of timing of cash receipts, partially offset by natural production decline.

Gas

Gas sales volumes increased 5% from first quarter 2019 to first quarter 2020 primarily because of timing of cash receipts, partially offset by natural production decline.

The estimated rate of natural production decline on the underlying oil and gas properties is approximately 6% to 8% a year.

Sales Prices

Oil

The average oil price increased 12% to $54.72 per Bbl for the first quarter. The first quarter 2020 oil price is primarily related to production from November 2019 through January 2020, when the average NYMEX price was $58.30 per Bbl.

Gas

Gas prices for the first quarter decreased 25% to $3.16 per Mcf. The first quarter 2020 gas price is primarily related to production from October through December 2019, when the average NYMEX price was $2.50 per MMBtu.

Beginning in March 2020 and continuing into the second quarter of 2020, numerous events have continued to have a downward impact on sales prices of our products. The COVID-19 pandemic and the government responses to this pandemic have significantly decreased the demand for oil and gas. It is not clear at the present time when or whether the pandemic will lift or when government policies may change. Additionally, market factors, including abundant supplies, have also negatively impacted prices. Even when demand returns, it could take time for these accumulated supplies to decrease and a new market equilibrium to emerge.

Costs

Taxes, Transportation and Other

Taxes, transportation and other costs decreased 41% for the first quarter primarily because of decreased property taxes and the receipt of oil severance tax incentives.

Production Expense

Production expense increased 10% for the first quarter primarily because of timing of charges.

 

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Development Costs

Development costs related to properties underlying the 75% net profits interests decreased 84% for the first quarter primarily because of the absence of drilling costs related to the Hewitt Unit.

Excess Costs

If monthly costs exceed revenues for any conveyance, such excess costs must be recovered, with accrued interest, from future net proceeds of that conveyance and cannot reduce net proceeds from any other conveyance. Underlying cumulative excess costs for the Texas working interest conveyance remaining as of March 31, 2020 totaled $2.3 million, including accrued interest of $0.4 million. For further information on excess costs, see Note 4 to Condensed Financial Statements.

Contingencies

For information on contingencies, see Note 3 to Condensed Financial Statements.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements in this report relating to future plans, predictions, production, excess costs, litigation, arbitration, liquidity, financing, regulatory or court decisions, and the assumed public health necessary to carry out business activities are forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q including, without limitation, statements regarding the net profits interests, underlying properties, development activities, annual or monthly development, production and other costs and expenses, estimated rates of natural production decline, oil and gas prices and differentials to NYMEX prices, estimated changes in expenses, distributions to unitholders, and industry and market conditions, are forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties, including those detailed in Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which is incorporated by this reference as though fully set forth herein. XTO Energy and the Trustee assume no duty to update these statements as of any future date.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.

Not applicable. Upon qualifying as a smaller reporting company, this information is no longer required.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Trustee carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15. Based upon that evaluation, the Trustee concluded that the Trust’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective in recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, on a timely basis, information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and are effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by the Trust in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to the Trustee to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In its evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures, the Trustee has relied, to the extent considered reasonable, on information provided by XTO Energy. There has not been any change in the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Trust’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

The recent spread of COVID-19, or the novel coronavirus, and the measures taken to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, are likely adversely affecting the business and operations of the operators of the properties underlying the net profits interests, which in turn could have an adverse effect on Trust distributions.

The business of the operators of the properties underlying the net profits interests is likely being adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and measures being taken to mitigate its impact. As the coronavirus pandemic and government responses are rapidly evolving, the extent of the impact on domestic sales of crude oil and natural gas remains unknown and is constantly evolving. The industry is experiencing a sharp and rapid decline in the demand for crude oil and natural gas as the U.S. and global economy, and commodity prices, are being negatively impacted as economic activity is curtailed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as due to other geopolitical factors. Official restrictions on non-essential activities, including “shelter in place” and “stay at home” orders, have recently been introduced throughout the U.S. and the world, which may impact operators’ production activities and the length of time such measures are in place may further adversely affect Trust distributions. Fewer businesses than normal are open and fewer people are going to work which has reduced the demand for oil and natural gas, plus our operators’ reliance on third-party suppliers, contractors, and service providers exposes them to possibility of delay or interruption of operations. At this time, the full extent to which COVID-19 will negatively impact the global economy and the oil and gas industry is uncertain, but pandemics or other significant public health events will most likely have a material adverse effect on operators’ business and financial condition which would likely have an adverse effect on Trust distributions.

Risk factors relating to the Trust are contained in Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Other than the item listed above, there have been no material changes in the risk factors disclosed under Part I, Item 1A of the Trust’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

  (31)

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

  (32)

Section 1350 Certification

 

  (99)

Items 1A, 7 and 7A to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for Cross Timbers Royalty Trust filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 12, 2020 (incorporated herein by reference)

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

CROSS TIMBERS ROYALTY TRUST
By SIMMONS BANK, TRUSTEE
By  

/S/ NANCY WILLIS

  Nancy Willis
  Vice President

 

  EXXON MOBIL CORPORATION
Date: May 11, 2020   By  

/S/ DAVID LEVY

    David Levy
    Vice President - Upstream Business Services

 

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