10-Q 1 csx-20220331.htm 10-Q csx-20220331
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
()    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
()    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number 1-8022
csx-20220331_g1.jpg
CSX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia62-1051971
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
500 Water Street15th FloorJacksonvilleFL32202904359-3200
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)(Telephone number, including area code)
No Change
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1 Par ValueCSXNasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes (X) No ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes (X) No ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Large Accelerated Filer (X)     Accelerated Filer ( )    Non-accelerated Filer ( )    Smaller Reporting Company () Emerging growth company ()

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ( )

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes () No (X)
There were 2,174,259,952 shares of common stock outstanding on March 31, 2022 (the latest practicable date that is closest to the filing date).
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.1


CSX CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2022
INDEX
Page
PART I.FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Quarters Ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021
Quarters Ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021
At March 31, 2022 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2021
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II.OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Defaults upon Senior Securities
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5.
Other Information
Item 6.
Exhibits
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.2

CSX CORPORATION
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
First Quarters
20222021
Revenue$3,413 $2,813 
Expense
Labor and Fringe692 620 
Purchased Services and Other675 472 
Depreciation and Amortization360 345 
Fuel331 190 
Equipment and Other Rents100 88 
Gains on Property Dispositions(27)(3)
Total Expense2,131 1,712 
Operating Income1,282 1,101 
Interest Expense(179)(184)
Other Income - Net26 20 
Earnings Before Income Taxes1,129 937 
Income Tax Expense(270)(231)
Net Earnings$859 $706 
Per Common Share (Note 2)
Net Earnings Per Share, Basic$0.39 $0.31 
Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution$0.39 $0.31 
Average Shares Outstanding (In millions)
2,188 2,282 
Average Shares Outstanding, Assuming Dilution (In millions)
2,193 2,286 

Beginning third quarter 2021, the Company changed the name of Materials, Supplies and Other expense to Purchased Services and Other, which better describes the composition of this expense amount. This change in naming convention does not impact previously reported results.
All prior period share and per share data has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock split effective June 28, 2021. Certain prior year data has been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
First Quarters
20222021
Total Comprehensive Earnings (Note 11)$890 $774 


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.3

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
ASSETS
Current Assets:
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1,936 $2,239 
Short-term Investments96 77 
Accounts Receivable - Net (Note 8)1,277 1,148 
Materials and Supplies351 339 
Other Current Assets97 70 
  Total Current Assets3,757 3,873 
Properties46,597 46,505 
Accumulated Depreciation(13,613)(13,490)
  Properties - Net32,984 33,015 
Investment in Affiliates and Other Companies2,143 2,099 
Right-of-Use Lease Asset 496 501 
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets - Net453 451 
Other Long-term Assets619 592 
  Total Assets$40,452 $40,531 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
Accounts Payable$1,050 $963 
Labor and Fringe Benefits Payable547 630 
Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves (Note 4)118 118 
Current Maturities of Long-term Debt (Note 7)317 181 
Income and Other Taxes Payable359 134 
Other Current Liabilities184 207 
  Total Current Liabilities2,575 2,233 
Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves (Note 4)267 250 
Long-term Debt (Note 7)16,019 16,185 
Deferred Income Taxes - Net7,428 7,383 
Long-term Lease Liability 476 478 
Other Long-term Liabilities 492 502 
  Total Liabilities27,257 27,031 
Shareholders' Equity:
Common Stock, $1 Par Value
2,174 2,202 
Other Capital103 66 
Retained Earnings11,284 11,630 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (Note 11)(377)(408)
Non-controlling Minority Interest11 10 
Total Shareholders' Equity13,195 13,500 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity$40,452 $40,531 
Certain prior year data has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock split effective June 28, 2021 or reclassified to conform to the current presentation. See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.4

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
Three Months
20222021
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net Earnings$859 $706 
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Earnings to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
Depreciation and Amortization360 345 
Deferred Income Taxes37 40 
Gains on Property Dispositions(27)(3)
Other Operating Activities4 28 
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
Accounts Receivable(131)(64)
Other Current Assets(40)(5)
Accounts Payable82 53 
Income and Other Taxes Payable225 192 
Other Current Liabilities(70)(60)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities1,299 1,232 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Property Additions(331)(306)
Purchases of Short-term Investments(19) 
Proceeds from Sales of Short-term Investments 1 
Proceeds and Advances from Property Dispositions8  
Business Acquisition, Net of Cash Acquired(9) 
Other Investing Activities(17)8 
Net Cash Used In Investing Activities(368)(297)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Long-term Debt Repaid (Note 7)(6)(360)
Dividends Paid(218)(213)
Shares Repurchased(1,016)(551)
Other Financing Activities6 15 
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities(1,234)(1,109)
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents(303)(174)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period2,239 3,129 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period$1,936 $2,955 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.5

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES
IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
Three Months 2022
Common Shares Outstanding
(Thousands)
Common Stock and Other CapitalRetained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)(a)
Non-controlling Minority InterestTotal Shareholders' Equity
Balance December 31, 20212,201,787 $2,268 $11,630 $(408)$10 $13,500 
Comprehensive Earnings:
Net Earnings— — 859 — — 859 
Other Comprehensive Income — — — 31 — 31 
Total Comprehensive Earnings890 
Common stock dividends, $0.10 per share
— (218)— — (218)
Share Repurchases(29,365)(29)(987)— — (1,016)
Stock Option Exercises and Other1,831 38 — 39 
Balance March 31, 20222,174,253 $2,277 $11,284 $(377)$11 $13,195 



Three Months 2021
Common Shares Outstanding (Thousands)
Common Stock and Other CapitalRetained Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)(a)
Non-controlling Minority InterestTotal Shareholders' Equity
Balance December 31, 20202,287,587 $2,440 $11,259 $(598)$9 13,110 
Comprehensive Earnings:
Net Earnings— — 706 — — 706 
Other Comprehensive Income— — — 68 — 68 
Total Comprehensive Earnings774 
Common stock dividends, $0.093 per share
— — (213)— — (213)
Share Repurchases(18,389)(18)(533)— — (551)
Stock Option Exercises and Other3,003 37 3 — — 40 
Balance March 31, 20212,272,201 2,459 11,222 (530)9 13,160 

(a) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss balances shown above are net of tax. The associated taxes were $99 million and $137 million as of March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, respectively. For additional information, see Note 11, Other Comprehensive Income.

All prior period share and per share data along with certain other prior period data has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock split effective June 28, 2021. See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.6

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1.    Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

Background
CSX Corporation together with its subsidiaries ("CSX" or the “Company”), based in Jacksonville, Florida, is one of the nation's leading transportation companies. The Company provides rail-based transportation services including traditional rail service, the transport of intermodal containers and trailers, as well as other transportation services such as rail-to-truck transfers and bulk commodity operations.

    CSX's principal operating subsidiary, CSX Transportation, Inc. (“CSXT”), provides an important link to the transportation supply chain through its approximately 19,500 route mile rail network, which serves major population centers in 23 states east of the Mississippi River, the District of Columbia and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The Company's intermodal business links customers to railroads via trucks and terminals.

CSXT is also responsible for the Company's real estate sales, leasing, acquisition and management and development activities. Substantially all of these activities are focused on supporting railroad operations.

Other entities
    In addition to CSXT, the Company’s subsidiaries include Quality Carriers, Inc. ("Quality Carriers"), CSX Intermodal Terminals, Inc. (“CSX Intermodal Terminals”), Total Distribution Services, Inc. (“TDSI”), Transflo Terminal Services, Inc. (“Transflo”), CSX Technology, Inc. (“CSX Technology”) and other subsidiaries. Effective July 1, 2021, CSX acquired Quality Carriers, the largest provider of bulk liquid chemicals truck transportation in North America, from Quality Distribution, Inc. For further details, refer to Note 12, Business Combinations. CSX Intermodal Terminals owns and operates a system of intermodal terminals, predominantly in the eastern United States and also performs drayage services (the pickup and delivery of intermodal shipments) for certain customers. TDSI serves the automotive industry with distribution centers and storage locations. Transflo connects non-rail served customers to the many benefits of rail by transferring products from rail to trucks. The biggest Transflo markets are chemicals and agriculture, which includes shipments of plastics and ethanol. CSX Technology and other subsidiaries provide support services for the Company.

Sale of Property Rights to the Commonwealth of Virginia
On March 26, 2021, the Company entered into a comprehensive agreement to sell certain property rights in three CSX-owned line segments to the Commonwealth of Virginia (“Commonwealth”) over three phases for a total of $525 million. The timing and amount of gains recognized are based on the allocation of fair value to each conveyance, the timing of future conveyances and collectability. In April 2021, upon closing of the first phase of the agreement, the Company collected $200 million in proceeds and recognized a $349 million gain. In fourth quarter 2021, the Company collected additional proceeds of $200 million, a portion of which was attributable to the first phase with the remainder attributable to the second phase. The second phase closed on January 10, 2022, resulting in a $20 million gain in first quarter 2022.

The Company anticipates closing on the remaining conveyances by the end of 2022, which will result in future cash proceeds and gains. As of March 31, 2022, the carrying values of the remaining assets subject to this transaction were not material.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.7

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 1.    Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies, continued

Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all normal, recurring adjustments necessary to fairly present the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Where applicable, prior year information has been reclassified to conform to the current presentation. Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), certain information and disclosures normally included in the notes to the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been omitted from these interim financial statements. CSX suggests that these financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes included in CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K and any subsequently filed current reports on Form 8-K.

Common Stock Split
On June 4, 2021, CSX announced a three-for-one split of the Company’s common stock in the form of a stock dividend. Each shareholder of record on June 18, 2021, received two additional shares of common stock for each share held as of this record date. The new shares were distributed after close of trading on June 28, 2021. All prior period share and per share amounts, common stock, other capital, and retained earnings presented herein have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the impact of the stock split. Proportional adjustments were also made to outstanding awards under the Company's stock-based compensation plans.

Other Capital
As a result of the stock split during second quarter 2021, CSX's common stock balance was increased and its other capital balance was reduced commensurately. Because this adjustment brought the other capital balance below zero, $1.0 billion was reclassified from retained earnings to other capital to bring the other capital balance to zero as of June 30, 2021. Prior period amounts have also been retroactively adjusted as needed to bring the other capital balance to zero.

Fiscal Year
The Company's fiscal periods are based upon the calendar year. Except as otherwise specified, references to “first quarter(s)” or “three months” indicate CSX's fiscal periods ending March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, and references to "year-end" indicate the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.

New Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2020-04, Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. As the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") will no longer be available beginning July 2023, this standard update provides practical expedients for contract modifications made as part of the transition from LIBOR to alternative reference rates. CSX's revolving line of credit currently uses LIBOR as a reference rate. This standard update can be adopted prospectively through December 31, 2022. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of this standard update, but does not anticipate that adoption will have a material impact on the Company's results of operations or financial position.

In November 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-10, Disclosure by Business Entities about Government Assistance. This standard update requires annual disclosure of the nature of any government assistance received, accounting policies related to such assistance and the effect of that assistance on the entity’s financial statements. The Company is required to adopt this guidance effective year end 2022, though early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of these amendments on its disclosures, but this standard update will not impact the Company's results of operations or financial position.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.8

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 2.    Earnings Per Share

    The following table sets forth the computation of basic earnings per share and earnings per share, assuming dilution.
First Quarters
20222021
Numerator (Dollars in millions):
Net Earnings
$859 $706 
Denominator (Units in millions):
Average Common Shares Outstanding2,188 2,282 
Other Potentially Dilutive Common Shares5 4 
Average Common Shares Outstanding, Assuming Dilution
2,193 2,286 
Net Earnings Per Share, Basic
$0.39 $0.31 
Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution
$0.39 $0.31 
    
Basic earnings per share is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Earnings per share, assuming dilution, is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding and common stock equivalents adjusted for the effects of common stock that may be issued as a result of potentially dilutive instruments. CSX's potentially dilutive instruments are made up of equity awards including performance units and employee stock options.

When calculating diluted earnings per share, the potential shares that would be outstanding if all outstanding stock options were exercised are included. This number is different from outstanding stock options because it is offset by shares CSX could repurchase using the proceeds from these hypothetical exercises to obtain the common stock equivalent. The total average outstanding stock options that were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because their effect was antidilutive is in the table below.
First Quarters
20222021
Antidilutive Stock Options Excluded from Diluted EPS (Millions)
14
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.9

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 2.    Earnings Per Share, continued

Share Repurchases    
    In January 2019, the Company announced a $5 billion share repurchase program. During June 2021, this program was completed, and the Company began repurchasing shares under the $5 billion share repurchase program announced on October 21, 2020. Total repurchase authority remaining was $2.0 billion as of March 31, 2022. During first quarters 2022 and 2021, the Company engaged in the following repurchase activities:
First Quarters
20222021
Shares Repurchased (Millions)
29 18 
Cost of Shares (Dollars in millions)
$1,016 $551 

Share repurchases may be made through a variety of methods including, but not limited to, open market purchases, purchases pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans, accelerated share repurchases and negotiated block purchases. The timing of share repurchases depends upon management's assessment of marketplace conditions and other factors, and the program remains subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors. Future share repurchases are expected to be funded by cash on hand, cash generated from operations and debt issuances. Shares are retired immediately upon repurchase. In accordance with the Equity Topic in the Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC"), the excess of repurchase price over par value is recorded in retained earnings.

Dividend Increase
On February 16, 2022, the Company's Board of Directors authorized a 7% increase in the quarterly cash dividend to $0.10 per common share effective March 2022.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.10

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 3.     Stock Plans and Share-Based Compensation

Under CSX's share-based compensation plans, awards consist of performance units, stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards for management and stock grants for directors. Awards granted under the various programs are determined and approved by the Compensation and Talent Management Committee of the Board of Directors. Awards to the Chief Executive Officer are approved by the full Board and awards to senior executives are approved by the Compensation and Talent Management Committee. In certain circumstances, the Chief Executive Officer or delegate approves awards to management employees other than senior executives. The Board of Directors approves awards granted to CSX's non-management directors upon recommendation of the Governance and Sustainability Committee.

Share-based compensation expense for awards under share-based compensation plans and purchases made as part of the employee stock purchase plan is measured using the fair value of the award on the grant date and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the service period of the respective award. Alternately, expense is recognized upon death or upon grant date to certain retirement-eligible employees whose agreements allow for continued vesting upon retirement. Forfeitures are recognized as they occur. Total pre-tax expense and income tax benefits associated with share-based compensation are shown in the table below. Income tax benefits include impacts from option exercises and the vesting of other equity awards.

First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)20222021
Share-Based Compensation Expense:
Performance Units$20 $18 
Stock Options7 6 
Restricted Stock Units and Awards6 5 
Stock Awards for Directors2 2 
Employee Stock Purchase Plan1 1 
Total Share-Based Compensation Expense$36 $32 
Income Tax Benefit$9 $9 

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.11

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 3.     Stock Plans and Share-Based Compensation, continued

Long-term Incentive Plan
    On February 16, 2022, the Company granted 494 thousand performance units to certain employees under a new long-term incentive plan ("LTIP") for the years 2022 through 2024, which was adopted under the CSX 2019 Stock and Incentive Award Plan.

    Payouts of performance units for the cycle ending with fiscal year 2024 will be based on the achievement of goals related to both operating income growth and CSX Cash Earnings ("CCE"), in each case excluding non-recurring items as defined in the plan. The average annual operating income growth percentage and CCE measures over the plan period will each comprise 50% of the payout and will be measured independently of the other. As defined under the plan, CCE is a cash-flow based measure that incentivizes strategic investments earning more than the required return. CCE equals CSX’s gross cash earnings (after-tax EBITDA) minus the required return on gross operating assets.

    Grants were made in performance units, with each unit representing the right to receive one share of CSX common stock, and payouts will be made in CSX common stock. The payout range for participants will be between 0% and 200% of the target awards depending on Company performance against predetermined goals. Payouts for certain executive officers are subject to formulaic upward or downward adjustment by up to 25%, capped at an overall payout of 250%, based upon the Company's total shareholder return relative to specified comparable groups over the performance period. Participants will receive stock dividend equivalents declared over the performance period based on the number of performance units paid upon vesting. The fair values of the performance units awarded during the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021 were primarily calculated using a Monte-Carlo simulation model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

Three Months
20222021
Weighted-Average Assumptions Used:
Annual Dividend YieldN/AN/A
Risk-free Interest Rate1.7 %0.2 %
Annualized Volatility33.0 %33.6 %
Expected Life (in years)
2.92.9

Stock Options
On February 16, 2022, the Company granted approximately 1,591 thousand stock options along with the corresponding LTIP. The fair value of stock options was calculated using the Black-Scholes valuation model. These stock options were granted with ten-year terms and vest over three years in equal installments each year on the anniversary of the grant date. The exercise price for stock options granted equals the closing market price of the underlying stock on the date of grant. These awards are time-based and are not based upon attainment of performance goals. During first quarters 2022 and 2021, there were additional immaterial grants of stock options to certain members of management.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.12

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 3.     Stock Plans and Share-Based Compensation, continued

    The fair values of all stock option awards during the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021 were estimated at the grant date with the following weighted average assumptions:

First Quarters
20222021
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value$10.11$7.88
Weighted-Average Assumptions Used:
Annual Dividend Yield1.1 %1.2%
Risk-Free Interest Rate1.9 %0.7%
Annualized Volatility30.1 %31.2%
Expected Life (in years)6.06.0
Other Pricing Model Inputs:
Weighted-Average Grant Date Market Price of CSX Stock (strike price)$35.15$29.49

Restricted Stock Units
    On February 16, 2022, the Company granted 452 thousand restricted stock units along with the corresponding LTIP. The restricted stock units vest three years after the date of grant. Participants will receive stock dividend equivalents on the vested shares upon vesting. These awards are time-based and are not based upon CSX's attainment of operational targets. Restricted stock units are paid out in CSX common stock on a one-for-one basis. For information related to the Company's outstanding long-term incentive compensation, see CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
In May 2018, shareholders approved the 2018 CSX Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) for the benefit of Company employees. The Company registered 12 million (split-adjusted) shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to this plan. Under the ESPP, employees may contribute between 1% and 10% of base compensation, after-tax, to purchase up to $25,000 of market value CSX common stock per year at 85% of the closing market price on either the grant date or the last day of the six-month offering period, whichever is lower. During the first quarters ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, the Company issued the following shares under this program:

First Quarters
20222021
Shares issued (in thousands)326 396 
Weighted average purchase price per share$27.44 $19.33 
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.13

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves

Personal injury and environmental reserves are considered critical accounting estimates due to the need for management judgment. Casualty, environmental and other reserves are provided for in the consolidated balance sheets as shown in the table below.

March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(Dollars in millions)CurrentLong-termTotalCurrentLong-termTotal
Casualty:
Personal Injury$37 $84 $121 $37 $81 $118 
Occupational7 53 60 7 55 62 
     Total Casualty44 137 181 44 136 180 
Environmental38 90 128 37 71 108 
Other36 40 76 37 43 80 
     Total$118 $267 $385 $118 $250 $368 

These liabilities are accrued when probable and reasonably estimable in accordance with the Contingencies Topic in the ASC. Actual settlements and claims received could differ, and final outcomes of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty. Considering the legal defenses currently available, the liabilities that have been recorded and other factors, it is the opinion of management that none of these items individually, when finally resolved, will have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Should a number of these items occur in the same period, however, their combined effect could be material in that particular period.

Casualty
     Casualty reserves of $181 million and $180 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, represent accruals for personal injury, occupational disease and occupational injury claims primarily related to railroad operations. Beginning June 1, 2021, the Company's self-insured retention amount for these claims increased from $75 million to $100 million per occurrence. Currently, no individual claim is expected to exceed the self-insured retention amount. In accordance with the Contingencies Topic in the ASC, to the extent the value of an individual claim exceeds the self-insured retention amount, the Company would present the liability on a gross basis with a corresponding receivable for insurance recoveries. These reserves fluctuate based upon the timing of payments as well as changes in estimate. Actual results may vary from estimates due to the number, type and severity of the injury, costs of medical treatments and uncertainties in litigation. Most of the Company's casualty claims relate to CSXT. Defense and processing costs, which historically have been insignificant and are anticipated to be insignificant in the future, are not included in the recorded liabilities.

Personal Injury
    Personal injury reserves represent liabilities for employee work-related and third-party injuries. Work-related injuries for CSXT employees are primarily subject to the Federal Employers’ Liability Act (“FELA”). CSXT retains an independent actuary to assist management in assessing the value of personal injury claims. An analysis is performed by the actuary quarterly and is reviewed by management. This analysis did not result in a material adjustment to the personal injury reserve in the quarter ended March 31, 2022 or March 31, 2021. The methodology used by the actuary includes a development factor to reflect growth or reduction in the value of these personal injury claims based largely on CSXT's historical claims and settlement experience.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.14

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves, continued

Occupational
    Occupational reserves represent liabilities arising from allegations of exposure to certain materials in the workplace (such as solvents, soaps, chemicals and diesel fumes), past exposure to asbestos or allegations of chronic physical injuries resulting from work conditions (such as repetitive stress injuries). Beginning in second quarter 2020, the Company retains an independent actuary to analyze the Company’s historical claim filings, settlement amounts, and dismissal rates to assist in determining future anticipated claim filing rates and average settlement values. This analysis is performed by the actuary and reviewed by management quarterly. Previously, the quarterly analysis was performed by management. There were no material adjustments to the occupational reserve in the quarter ended March 31, 2022 or March 31, 2021.

Environmental
Environmental reserves were $128 million and $108 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The Company is a party to various proceedings related to environmental issues, including administrative and judicial proceedings involving private parties and regulatory agencies. The Company has been identified as a potentially responsible party at approximately 220 environmentally impaired sites. Many of these are, or may be, subject to remedial action under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 ("CERCLA"), also known as the Superfund Law, or similar state statutes. Most of these proceedings arose from environmental conditions on properties used for ongoing or discontinued railroad operations. A number of these proceedings, however, are based on allegations that the Company, or its predecessors, sent hazardous substances to facilities owned or operated by others for treatment, recycling or disposal. In addition, some of the Company's land holdings were leased to others for commercial or industrial uses that may have resulted in releases of hazardous substances or other regulated materials onto the property and could give rise to proceedings against the Company.

In any such proceedings, the Company is subject to environmental clean-up and enforcement actions under the Superfund Law, as well as similar state laws that may impose joint and several liability for clean-up and enforcement costs on current and former owners and operators of a site without regard to fault or the legality of the original conduct. These costs could be substantial.

In accordance with the Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations Topic in the ASC, the Company reviews its role with respect to each site identified at least quarterly, giving consideration to a number of factors such as:

type of clean-up required;
nature of the Company's alleged connection to the location (e.g., generator of waste sent to the site or owner or operator of the site);
extent of the Company's alleged connection (e.g., volume of waste sent to the location and other relevant factors); and
number, connection and financial viability of other named and unnamed potentially responsible parties at the location.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.15

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves, continued

    Based on management's review process, amounts have been recorded to cover contingent anticipated future environmental remediation costs with respect to each site to the extent such costs are reasonably estimable and probable. The recorded liabilities for estimated future environmental costs are undiscounted. The liability includes future costs for remediation and restoration of sites as well as any significant ongoing monitoring costs, but excludes any anticipated insurance recoveries. Payments related to these liabilities are expected to be made over the next several years. Environmental remediation costs are included in purchased services and other on the consolidated income statements.

Currently, the Company does not possess sufficient information to reasonably estimate the amounts of additional liabilities, if any, on some sites until completion of future environmental studies. In addition, conditions that are currently unknown could, at any given location, result in additional exposure, the amount and materiality of which cannot presently be reasonably estimated. Based upon information currently available, however, the Company believes its environmental reserves accurately reflect the estimated cost of remedial actions currently required.

Other
Other reserves were $76 million and $80 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. Other reserves include liabilities for various claims, such as automobile, property, general liability and workers' compensation. Also included in other reserves are longshoremen disability claims related to a previously owned international shipping business (these claims are in runoff) as well as claims for current port employees.

NOTE 5.    Commitments and Contingencies

Insurance
    The Company maintains insurance programs with substantial limits for property damage, including resulting business interruption, and third-party liability. A certain amount of risk is retained by the Company on each insurance program. Under its property insurance program, the Company retains all risk up to $100 million per occurrence for losses from floods and named windstorms and up to $75 million per occurrence for other property losses. For third-party liability claims, the Company retains all risk up to $100 million per occurrence. As CSX negotiates insurance coverage above its full self-retention amounts, it retains a percentage of risk at various layers of coverage. While the Company believes its insurance coverage is adequate, future claims could exceed existing insurance coverage or insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.16

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 5.    Commitments and Contingencies, continued

Legal
    The Company is involved in litigation incidental to its business and is a party to a number of legal actions and claims, various governmental proceedings and private civil lawsuits, including, but not limited to, those related to fuel surcharge practices, tax matters, environmental and hazardous material exposure matters, FELA and labor claims by current or former employees, other personal injury or property claims and disputes and complaints involving certain transportation rates and charges. Some of the legal proceedings include claims for compensatory as well as punitive damages and others are, or are purported to be, class actions. While the final outcome of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, considering, among other things, the legal defenses available and liabilities that have been recorded along with applicable insurance, it is currently the opinion of management that none of these pending items is likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. An unexpected adverse resolution of one or more of these items, however, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.

    The Company is able to estimate a range of possible loss for certain legal proceedings for which a loss is reasonably possible in excess of reserves established. The Company has estimated this range to be $2 million to $22 million in aggregate at March 31, 2022. This estimated aggregate range is based upon currently available information and is subject to significant judgment and a variety of assumptions. Accordingly, the Company's estimate will change from time to time, and actual losses may vary significantly from the current estimate.

Fuel Surcharge Antitrust Litigation
    In May 2007, class action lawsuits were filed against CSXT and three other U.S.-based Class I railroads alleging that the defendants' fuel surcharge practices relating to contract and unregulated traffic resulted from an illegal conspiracy in violation of antitrust laws. The class action lawsuits were consolidated into one case in federal court in the District of Columbia. In 2017, the District Court issued its decision denying class certification. On August 16, 2019, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit affirmed the District Court’s ruling.

    The consolidated case is now moving forward without class certification. Although a class was not certified, shippers other than those who brought the original lawsuit in 2007 must decide whether to bring their own individual claim against one or more railroads. Individual shipper claims filed to date have been consolidated into a separate case.

    CSXT believes that its fuel surcharge practices were arrived at and applied lawfully and that the case is without merit. Accordingly, the Company intends to defend itself vigorously. However, penalties for violating antitrust laws can be severe, and resolution of these matters individually or when aggregated could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.17

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 5.    Commitments and Contingencies, continued

Environmental
    CSXT is indemnifying Pharmacia LLC, formerly known as Monsanto Company, ("Pharmacia") for certain liabilities associated with real estate located in Kearny, New Jersey along the Lower Passaic River (the “Property”). The Property, which was formerly owned by Pharmacia, is now owned by CSXT. CSXT's indemnification and defense duties arise with respect to several matters. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"), using its CERCLA authority, seeks the investigation and cleanup of hazardous substances in the 17-mile Lower Passaic River Study Area (the "Study Area”). CSXT, on behalf of Pharmacia, and a significant number of other potentially responsible parties are together conducting a Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study of the Study Area pursuant to an Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent with the EPA. Pharmacia’s share of responsibility, indemnified by CSXT, for the investigation and cleanup costs of the Study Area may be determined through various mechanisms including (a) an allocation and settlement with EPA; (b) litigation brought by EPA against non-settling parties; or (c) litigation among the responsible parties.

For the lower 8 miles of the Study Area, EPA issued its Record of Decision detailing the agency’s mandated remedial process in March 2016. Approximately 80 parties, including Pharmacia, are participating in an EPA-directed allocation and settlement process to assign responsibility for the remedy selected for the lower 8 miles of the Study Area. CSXT is participating in the EPA-directed allocation and settlement process on behalf of Pharmacia.

For the remainder of the Study Area, EPA has selected an interim remedy in a Record of Decision dated September 28, 2021. Settlement discussions are also ongoing for the selected interim remedy. On March 2, 2022, EPA issued a Notice Letter to Pharmacia, Occidental Chemical Corporation and eight other parties alleging they are liable under Section 107(a) of CERCLA for releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances and requesting each party, individually or collectively, submit good faith offers to EPA in connection with the Study Area. The Notice Letter also offers the assistance of EPA’s Conflict Prevention and Resolution Center to facilitate discussions between the parties receiving the Notice Letter.

    CSXT is also defending and indemnifying Pharmacia with regard to the Property in litigation filed by Occidental Chemical Corporation, which is seeking to recover various costs. These costs include costs for the remedial design of the lower 8 miles of the Study Area, as well as anticipated costs associated with the future remediation of the entire Study Area. Alternatively, Occidental seeks to compel some, or all of the defendants to participate in the remediation of the Study Area. Pharmacia is one of approximately 110 defendants in this federal lawsuit filed by Occidental on June 30, 2018.

    CSXT is also defending and indemnifying Pharmacia in a cooperative natural resource damages assessment process related to the Property. Based on currently available information, the Company does not believe any indemnification or remediation costs potentially allocable to CSXT with respect to the Property and the Study Area would be material to the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.18

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 6.    Employee Benefit Plans

The Company sponsors defined benefit pension plans principally for salaried, management personnel. Beginning in 2020, the CSX Pension Plan was closed to new participants.

CSX also sponsors a post-retirement medical plan and a life insurance plan that provide certain benefits to eligible employees hired prior to January 1, 2003. Beginning in 2019, both the life insurance benefit for eligible active management employees and health savings account contributions made by the Company to eligible retirees younger than 65 were eliminated for those retiring on or after January 1, 2019. Beginning in 2020, the employer-funded health reimbursement arrangements and life insurance benefit for eligible retirees 65 years or older were eliminated.

Independent actuaries compute the amounts of liabilities and expenses relating to these plans subject to the assumptions that the Company determines are appropriate based on historical trends, current market rates and future projections. These amounts are reviewed by management. Only the service cost component of net periodic benefit costs is included in labor and fringe expense on the consolidated income statement. All other components of net periodic benefit cost are included in other income - net.

Pension Benefits Cost
First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)20222021
Service Cost Included in Labor and Fringe$8 $9 
Interest Cost16 14 
Expected Return on Plan Assets(47)(46)
Amortization of Net Loss12 18 
Total Included in Other Income - Net(19)(14)
Net Periodic Benefit Credit$(11)$(5)
Other Post-retirement Benefits Cost
First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)20222021
Service Cost Included in Labor and Fringe$ $ 
Interest Cost  
Amortization of Prior Service Credits(1)(1)
Total Included in Other Income - Net(1)(1)
Net Periodic Benefit Credit$(1)$(1)
    
    Qualified pension plan obligations are funded in accordance with regulatory requirements and with an objective of meeting or exceeding minimum funding requirements necessary to avoid restrictions on flexibility of plan operation and benefit payments. No contributions to the Company's qualified pension plans are expected in 2022.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.19

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 7.    Debt and Credit Agreements

Total activity related to long-term debt as of the end of first quarter 2022 is shown in the table below. For fair value information related to the Company's long-term debt, see Note 10, Fair Value Measurements.

(Dollars in millions)Current PortionLong-term PortionTotal
Long-term Debt as of December 31, 2021
$181 $16,185 $16,366 
2022 Activity:
Long-term Debt Repaid(6)(6)
Reclassifications142 (142) 
Hedging, Discount, Premium and Other Activity (24)(24)
Long-term Debt as of March 31, 2022
$317 $16,019 $16,336 

Interest Rate Derivatives
In first quarter 2022, CSX entered into five separate fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps classified as fair value hedges. The swaps are designed to hedge 10 years of interest rate risk associated with market fluctuations attributable to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate on a cumulative $800 million of fixed rate outstanding notes which are due between 2036 and 2040. As of March 31, 2022, the fair value of these swaps was a $27 million liability, which is included in other long-term liabilities on the consolidated balance sheet. The associated cumulative adjustment to the hedged notes is included in long-term debt. Gains and losses resulting from changes in fair value of the interest rate swaps offset changes in the fair value of the hedged portion of the underlying debt so no gain or loss has been recognized due to hedge ineffectiveness. Differences on the fixed-to-floating legs of the derivatives are recognized in interest expense and were not material in first quarter 2022. The swaps will expire in 2032. If settled early, the remaining liability or asset will be amortized over the remaining life of the associated notes. The amounts recorded in long-term debt on the consolidated balance sheet related to these fair value hedges is summarized in the table below.
(Dollars in millions)March 31, 2022
Notional Value of Hedged Notes$800 
Cumulative Fair Value Adjustment to Hedged Notes(27)
Carrying Amount of Hedged Notes$773 

In 2020, the Company executed forward starting interest rate swaps, classified as cash flow hedges, with aggregate notional value of $500 million. These swaps were effected to hedge the benchmark interest rate associated with future interest payments related to the anticipated refinancing of $850 million of 3.25% notes due in 2027. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the asset value of the forward starting interest rate swaps was $119 million and $91 million, respectively, and was recorded in other long-term assets on the consolidated balance sheet. Unrealized gains or losses associated with changes in the fair value of the hedge are recorded net of tax in accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) on the consolidated balance sheet. Unless settled early, the swaps will expire in 2027 and the unrealized gain or loss in AOCI will be recognized in earnings as an adjustment to interest expense over the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. Unrealized amounts, recorded net of tax in other comprehensive income, related to the hedge were gains of $21 million and $56 million for first quarters 2022 and 2021, respectively.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.20

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 7.    Debt and Credit Agreements, continued

Credit Facility
    CSX has a $1.2 billion unsecured, revolving credit facility backed by a diverse syndicate of banks. This facility allows same-day borrowings at floating interest rates, based on LIBOR or an agreed-upon replacement reference rate, plus a spread that depends upon CSX's senior unsecured debt ratings. This facility expires in March 2024, and at March 31, 2022, the Company had no outstanding balances under this facility.

    Commitment fees and interest rates payable under the facility were similar to fees and rates available to comparably rated investment-grade borrowers. As of first quarter 2022, CSX was in compliance with all covenant requirements under this facility.

Commercial Paper
    Under its commercial paper program, which is backed by the revolving credit facility, the Company may issue unsecured commercial paper notes up to a maximum aggregate principal amount of $1.0 billion outstanding at any one time. Proceeds from issuances of the notes are expected to be used for general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2022, the Company had no outstanding debt under the commercial paper program.

NOTE 8.     Revenues

The Company’s revenues are primarily derived from the transportation of freight as performance obligations that arise from its contracts with customers are satisfied. The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by market as this best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors:

First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)20222021
Chemicals$618 $580 
Agricultural and Food Products387 349 
Forest Products228 220 
Automotive227 236 
Metals and Equipment197 186 
Minerals144 125 
Fertilizers120 122 
Total Merchandise1,921 1,818 
Intermodal527 468 
Coal533 384 
Trucking(a)
230  
Other202 143 
Total$3,413 $2,813 
(a) Effective third quarter 2021, Trucking revenue is comprised of revenue from the operations of Quality Carriers, which was acquired by CSX effective July 1, 2021.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.21

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 8.     Revenues, continued

Revenue Recognition
The Company generates revenue from rail freight billings under contracts with customers generally on a rate per carload, container or ton-basis based on length of haul and commodities carried. The Company’s performance obligation arises when it receives a bill of lading (“BOL”) to transport a customer's commodities at a negotiated price contained in a transportation services agreement or a publicly disclosed tariff rate. Once a BOL is received, a contract is formed whereby the parties are committed to perform, collectability of consideration is probable and the rights of the parties, shipping terms and conditions, and payment terms are identified. A customer may submit several BOLs for transportation services at various times throughout a service agreement term but each shipment represents a distinct service that is a separately identified performance obligation.

The average transit time to complete a rail shipment is between 2 to 8 days depending on market. Payments for transportation services are normally billed once a BOL is received and are generally due within 15 days after the invoice date. The Company recognizes revenue over transit time of freight as it moves from origin to destination. Revenue for services started but not completed at the reporting date is allocated based on the relative transit time in each reporting period, with the portion allocated for services subsequent to the reporting date considered remaining performance obligations.

The certain key estimates included in the recognition and measurement of revenue and related accounts receivable are as follows:

revenue associated with shipments in transit, which is recognized ratably over transit time and is based on average cycle times to move commodities and products from their origin to their final destination or interchange;
adjustments to revenue for billing corrections and billing discounts;
adjustments to revenue for overcharge claims filed by customers, which are based on historical payments to customers for rate overcharges as a percentage of total billing; and
incentive-based refunds to customers, which are primarily volume-related, are recorded as a reduction to revenue on the basis of the projected liability (this estimate is based on historical activity, current volume levels and forecasted future volume).

Revenue related to interline transportation services that involve the services of another party, such as another railroad, is reported on a net basis. The portion of the gross amount billed to customers that is remitted by the Company to another party is not reflected as revenue.

Effective third quarter 2021, trucking revenue includes revenue from the operations of Quality Carriers. This revenue is mostly comprised of truck shipments of chemicals and is recorded ratably over transit time.

Other revenue is recorded upon completion of the service and is comprised of revenue from regional subsidiary railroads and incidental charges, including intermodal storage and equipment usage, demurrage and switching. Revenue from regional subsidiary railroads includes shipments by railroads that the Company does not directly operate. Intermodal storage represents charges for customer storage of containers at an intermodal terminal, ramp facility or offsite location beyond a specified period of time. Demurrage represents charges assessed when freight cars are held by a customer beyond a specified period of time. Switching represents charges assessed when a railroad switches cars for a customer or another railroad.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.22

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 8.     Revenues, continued

During the first quarters 2022 and 2021, revenue recognized from performance obligations related to prior periods (for example, due to changes in transaction price) was not material.

Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price allocated to future reporting periods for freight services started but not completed at the reporting date. This includes the unearned portion of billed and unbilled amounts for cancellable freight shipments in transit. The Company expects to recognize the unearned portion of revenue for freight services in transit within one week of the reporting date. As of March 31, 2022, remaining performance obligations were not material.

Contract Balances and Accounts Receivable
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in accounts receivable and customer advances and deposits (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheets. Contract assets, contract liabilities and deferred contract costs recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2022, were not material.

The Company’s accounts receivable - net consists of freight and non-freight receivables, reduced by an allowance for credit losses.
(Dollars in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Freight Receivables $1,081 $951 
Freight Allowance for Credit Losses(15)(14)
Freight Receivables, net1,066 937 
Non-Freight Receivables 226 225 
Non-Freight Allowance for Credit Losses(15)(14)
Non-Freight Receivables, net 211 211 
Total Accounts Receivable, net$1,277 $1,148 

Freight receivables include amounts earned, billed and unbilled, and currently due from customers for transportation-related services. Non-freight receivables include amounts billed and unbilled and currently due related to government reimbursement receivables and other non-revenue receivables. The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that will not be collected. The allowance is based upon an assessment of risk characteristics, historical payment experience, and the age of outstanding receivables adjusted for forward-looking economic conditions as necessary. Credit losses recognized on the Company’s accounts receivable were not material in the first quarters 2022 and 2021.

NOTE 9.    Income Taxes

There have been no material changes to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits reported at December 31, 2021.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.23

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 10.    Fair Value Measurements

The Financial Instruments Topic in the ASC requires disclosures about fair value of financial instruments in annual reports as well as in quarterly reports. For CSX, this statement applies to certain investments, long-term debt and interest rate derivatives. Disclosure of the fair value of pension plan assets is only required annually. Also, this rule clarifies the definition of fair value for financial reporting, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and requires additional disclosures about the use of fair value measurements.

Various inputs are considered when determining the value of the Company's investments, pension plan assets, long-term debt and interest rate derivatives. The inputs or methodologies used for valuing securities are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in these securities. These inputs are summarized in the three broad levels listed below.

Level 1 - observable market inputs that are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 - other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices for similar securities, interest rates, credit risk, etc.); and
Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs (including the Company's own assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in determining the fair value of investments).

The valuation methods described below may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Furthermore, while the Company believes its valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different fair value measurement at the reporting date.

Investments
    The Company's investment assets are carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheet in accordance with the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic in the ASC. They are valued with assistance from a third-party trustee and consist of fixed income mutual funds, corporate bonds, government securities and commercial paper. The fixed income mutual funds are valued at the net asset value of shares held based on quoted market prices determined in an active market, which are Level 1 inputs. The corporate bonds and government securities are valued using broker quotes that utilize observable market inputs, which are Level 2 inputs. The commercial paper is valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value, and is considered Level 2.

    The Company's investment assets are summarized in the following table.
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(Dollars in Millions)Level 1Level 2TotalLevel 1Level 2Total
Fixed Income Mutual Funds$87 $ $87 $75 $ $75 
Corporate Bonds 58 58  63 63 
Government Securities 23 23  26 26 
Commercial Paper 6 6    
Total investments at fair value$87 $87 $174 $75 $89 $164 
Total investments at amortized cost$172 $156 

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.24

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 10.    Fair Value Measurements, continued

These investments have the following maturities:
(Dollars in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Less than 1 year
$96 $77 
1 - 5 years
26 28 
5 - 10 years
10 12 
Greater than 10 years
42 47 
Total investments at fair value
$174 $164 

Long-term Debt
    Long-term debt is reported at carrying amount on the consolidated balance sheets and is the Company's only financial instrument with fair values significantly different from their carrying amounts. The majority of the Company's long-term debt is valued with assistance from a third party that utilizes closing transactions, market quotes or market values of comparable debt. For those instruments not valued by the third party, the fair value has been estimated by applying market rates of similar instruments to the scheduled contractual debt payments and maturities. These market rates are provided by the same third party. All of the inputs used to determine the fair value of the Company's long-term debt are Level 2 inputs.

The fair value of outstanding debt fluctuates with changes in a number of factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to, interest rates, market conditions, credit ratings, values of similar financial instruments, size of the transaction, cash flow projections and comparable trades. Fair value will exceed carrying value when the current market interest rate is lower than the interest rate at which the debt was originally issued. The fair value of a company's debt is a measure of its current value under present market conditions. It does not impact the financial statements under current accounting rules. The fair value and carrying value of the Company's long-term debt is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Long-term Debt (Including Current Maturities):
Fair Value$17,299 $19,439 
Carrying Value16,336 16,366 

Interest Rate Derivatives
The Company’s fixed-to-floating and forward starting interest rate swaps are carried at their respective fair values, which are determined with assistance from a third party based upon pricing models using inputs observed from actively quoted markets. All of the inputs used to determine the fair value of the swaps are Level 2 inputs. The fair value of the Company’s fixed-to-floating interest rate swaps was a liability of $27 million as of March 31, 2022. The fair value of the Company’s forward starting interest rate swap asset was $119 million and $91 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. See Note 7, Debt and Credit Agreements, for further information.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.25

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 11.     Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

    CSX reports comprehensive earnings or loss in accordance with the Comprehensive Income Topic in the ASC in the consolidated comprehensive income statement. Total comprehensive earnings are defined as all changes in shareholders' equity during a period, other than those resulting from investments by and distributions to shareholders (e.g. issuance of equity securities and dividends). Generally, for CSX, total comprehensive earnings equal net earnings plus or minus adjustments for pension and other post-retirement liabilities as well as derivative activity and other adjustments. Total comprehensive earnings represent the activity for a period net of tax and were $890 million and $774 million for first quarters 2022 and 2021, respectively.

    While total comprehensive earnings is the activity in a period and is largely driven by net earnings in that period, AOCI represents the cumulative balance of other comprehensive income, net of tax, as of the balance sheet date. For CSX, AOCI is primarily the cumulative balance related to pension and other post-retirement benefit adjustments, interest rate derivatives and CSX's share of AOCI of equity method investees.

    Changes in the AOCI balance by component are shown in the following table. Amounts reclassified in pension and other post-employment benefits to net earnings relate to the amortization of actuarial losses and are included in other income - net on the consolidated income statements. See Note 6, Employee Benefit Plans, for further information. Interest rate derivatives consist of forward starting interest rate swaps classified as cash flow hedges. See Note 7, Debt and Credit Agreements, for further information. Other primarily represents CSX's share of AOCI of equity method investees. Amounts reclassified in other to net earnings are included in purchased services and other or equipment and other rents on the consolidated income statements.

Pension and Other Post-Employment BenefitsInterest Rate DerivativesOtherAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Dollars in millions)
Balance December 31, 2021, Net of Tax
$(431)$70 $(47)$(408)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Income Before Reclassifications 28  28 
Amounts Reclassified to Net Earnings11   11 
Tax (Expense)/Benefit(3)(7)2 (8)
Total Other Comprehensive Income 8 21 2 31 
Balance March 31, 2022, Net of Tax
$(423)$91 $(45)$(377)

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.26

CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
NOTE 12.     Business Combinations

Acquisition of Quality Carriers, Inc.
On July 1, 2021, the Company completed its acquisition of Quality Carriers, the largest provider of bulk liquid chemicals truck transportation in North America, for $541 million in cash, net of $3 million cash acquired. Through a network of over 100 company-owned and affiliate terminals and facilities in key locations throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico, Quality Carriers provides transportation services to many of the leading chemical producers and shippers in North America. The results of Quality Carriers' operations and its cash flows were consolidated prospectively.

Goodwill recognized in the acquisition of $213 million was calculated as the excess of the consideration paid over the fair value of net assets assumed as of July 1, 2021 and relates primarily to the ability of CSX to extend the reach of its network and gain access to new products, markets, and regions through a unique and competitive multimodal solution that leverages the reach of truck transportation with the cost advantage of rail-based services. The goodwill recognized is deductible for tax purposes. Intangible assets acquired totaled $180 million and consisted of $150 million of customer relationships and $30 million of trade names amortized over a weighted-average period of 20 years and 15 years, respectively. The purchase price allocation was finalized as of December 31, 2021, and total measurement period adjustments to the preliminary allocation were immaterial.

This acquisition is not material with respect to the Company’s financial statements when reviewed under the quantitative and qualitative considerations of Regulation S-X Article 11 and ASC Topic 805. As the acquisition is not material, CSX has not provided pro forma information relating to the pre-acquisition period.

Pending Acquisition of Pan Am Systems, Inc.
On November 30, 2020, CSX signed a definitive agreement to acquire Pan Am Systems, Inc. (“Pan Am”) which is the parent company of Pan Am Railways, Inc. who jointly owns Pan Am Southern, LLC with a subsidiary of Norfolk Southern Corporation. Pan Am owns and operates a highly integrated, nearly 1,200-mile rail network and has a joint interest in the more than 600-mile Pan Am Southern system. This acquisition will expand CSX’s reach in the Northeastern United States. Assets and facilities to be acquired as part of the proposed transaction include road and track assets, work equipment, land, buildings and other assets. On February 25, 2021, the Company began the process of seeking approval from the Surface Transportation Board ("STB"). The STB approved the acquisition on April 14, 2022, and closing is anticipated on June 1, 2022. This acquisition is not expected to be material with respect to the Company's financial statements when reviewed under the quantitative and qualitative considerations of Regulation S-X Article 11 and ASC Topic 805.

CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.27

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FIRST QUARTER 2022 HIGHLIGHTS

Revenue increased $600 million, or 21% year over year.
Expenses increased $419 million, or 24% year over year.
Operating income of $1.3 billion increased $181 million, or 16%, year over year.
Operating ratio of 62.4% increased 150 basis points versus prior year.
Earnings per diluted share of $0.39 increased $0.08, or 26% year over year.

First Quarters
20222021Fav/(Unfav)% Change
Volume (in thousands)
1,498 1,529 (31)(2)%
(in millions)
Revenue$3,413 $2,813 $60021
Expense2,131 1,712 (419)(24)
Operating Income$1,282 $1,101 $18116%
Operating Ratio62.4 %60.9 %(150) bps
Earnings Per Diluted Share$0.39 $0.31 $0.0826%

Acquisition of Quality Carriers, Inc.
On July 1, 2021, CSX acquired Quality Carriers, Inc. from Quality Distribution, Inc. for a purchase price of $541 million in cash, net of $3 million cash acquired. This transaction was funded by cash on hand. For further details, refer to Note 12, Business Combinations.

COVID-19 Update
The COVID-19 global pandemic continues to disrupt global manufacturing, supply chains and consumer spending. Future impacts of the pandemic on the Company’s financial and operating results will be determined by its duration, effects on the demand for the Company’s transportation services and the supply chain, as well as the effect of governmental regulations imposed and legislative stimulus packages passed in response to the pandemic. The duration of the pandemic is dependent on several factors, including the impacts of virus mutations and case resurgences across the country.

CSX employees that provide efficient and reliable rail service are essential to keeping supply chains fluid in response to this challenge. Accordingly, business operations have been modified to ensure the safety of employees across the network while continuing to provide a high level of service to customers. The Company is strongly encouraging employees to get vaccinated. A cross-functional task force continues to monitor and coordinate the Company’s response to COVID-19.
CSX Q1 2022 Form 10-Q p.28

CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Volume and Revenue (Unaudited)
Volume (Thousands of units); Revenue (Dollars in Millions); Revenue Per Unit (Dollars)
First Quarters
 VolumeRevenueRevenue Per Unit
 20222021% Change20222021% Change20222021% Change
Chemicals161 163 (1)%$618 $580 %$3,839 $3,558 %
Agricultural and Food Products118 116 387 349 11 3,280 3,009 
Automotive78 87 (10)227 236 (4)2,910 2,713 
Minerals72 67 144 125 15 2,000 1,866 
Forest Products70 73 (4)228 220 3,257 3,014 
Metals and Equipment66 68 (3)197 186 2,985 2,735 
Fertilizers56 57 (2)120 122 (2)2,143 2,140 — 
Total Merchandise621 631 (2)1,921 1,818 3,093 2,881 
Intermodal722 726 (1)