Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
CSX
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$75.89 813 $61,670
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-30 Annual: 2016-12-30
10-Q 2016-09-23 Quarter: 2016-09-23
10-Q 2016-06-24 Quarter: 2016-06-24
10-Q 2016-03-25 Quarter: 2016-03-25
10-K 2015-12-25 Annual: 2015-12-25
10-Q 2015-09-25 Quarter: 2015-09-25
10-Q 2015-06-26 Quarter: 2015-06-26
10-Q 2015-03-27 Quarter: 2015-03-27
10-K 2014-12-26 Annual: 2014-12-26
10-Q 2014-09-26 Quarter: 2014-09-26
10-Q 2014-06-27 Quarter: 2014-06-27
10-Q 2014-03-28 Quarter: 2014-03-28
10-K 2013-12-27 Annual: 2013-12-27
8-K 2019-04-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-29 Enter Agreement, Leave Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-06 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-16 Earnings, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-16 Officers
8-K 2018-10-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-03 Officers, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-09-14 Off-BS Arrangement
8-K 2018-08-02 Officers
8-K 2018-07-19 Other Events
8-K 2018-07-17 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-18 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-04-17 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-03-19 Officers
8-K 2018-02-22 Officers
8-K 2018-02-15 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-12 Other Events
8-K 2018-02-06 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-01-08 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2017-11-07 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
ITUB Itau Unibanco Holding 82,420
KEY Keycorp 17,010
HRC Hill-Rom Holdings 6,730
TGNA TEGNA 3,550
PPBI Pacific Premier Bancorp 1,850
PTNR Partner Communications 726
PLAB Photronics 624
CRNT Ceragon Networks 299
PRTK Paratek Pharmaceuticals 192
IBMC IBM Credit 0
CSX 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1.Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies
Note 2. Earnings per Share
Note 3. Share-Based Compensation
Note 4. Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves
Note 5. Leases
Note 6. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 7. Employee Benefit Plans
Note 8. Debt and Credit Agreements
Note 9. Revenues
Note 10. Income Taxes
Note 11. Fair Value Measurements
Note 12. Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Note 13. Summarized Consolidating Financial Data
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Part II
Item 2. Csx Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Part II
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31 csx033119ex31.htm
EX-32 csx033119ex32.htm

CSX Earnings 2019-03-31

CSX 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

Document
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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 
(X)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
OR
( )    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from __________ to __________
Commission File Number 1-8022
csxlogo10qa05.jpg
CSX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
62-1051971
 
 
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
500 Water Street, 15th Floor, Jacksonville, FL
 
 
 
 
 
32202
 
(904) 359-3200
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
 
 
 
 
(Zip Code)
 
(Telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
No Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes (X) No ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes (X) No ( )
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer” and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (check one)
Large Accelerated Filer (X)    Accelerated Filer ( )    Non-accelerated Filer ( )    Smaller Reporting Company ( ) Emerging growth company ( )

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ( )

Indicate by a check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ( ) No (X)
There were 809,163,666 shares of common stock outstanding on March 31, 2019 (the latest practicable date that is closest to the filing date).

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.1





Table of Contents


CSX CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2019
INDEX

 
 
 
Page
PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quarters Ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
At March 31, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.2





Table of Contents

CSX CORPORATION

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)  
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
 
 
 
Revenue
$
3,013

$
2,876

Expense
 
 
Labor and Fringe
672

696

Materials, Supplies and Other
478

482

Depreciation
330

323

Fuel
233

255

Equipment and Other Rents
100

101

Equity Earnings of Affiliates
(19
)
(25
)
Total Expense
1,794

1,832

 
 
 
Operating Income
1,219

1,044

 
 
 
Interest Expense
(178
)
(149
)
Other Income - Net
23

17

Earnings Before Income Taxes
1,064

912

 
 
 
Income Tax Expense
(230
)
(217
)
Net Earnings
$
834

$
695

 
 
 
Per Common Share (Note 2)
 
 
Net Earnings Per Share, Basic
$
1.02

$
0.78

Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution
$
1.02

$
0.78

 
 
 
 
 
 
Average Shares Outstanding (In millions)
814

885

Average Shares Outstanding, Assuming Dilution (In millions)
817

888

 
 
 


CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)  
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
 
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
Total Comprehensive Earnings (Note 12)
$
836

$
596


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.3





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in millions)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 31,
2019
December 31,
2018
ASSETS
Current Assets:
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
$
1,188

$
858

Short-term Investments
822

253

Accounts Receivable - Net (Note 9)
1,106

1,010

Materials and Supplies
241

263

Other Current Assets
122

181

  Total Current Assets
3,479

2,565

 
 
 
Properties
44,826

44,805

Accumulated Depreciation
(12,838
)
(12,807
)
  Properties - Net
31,988

31,998

 
 
 
Investment in Conrail
948

943

Affiliates and Other Companies
845

836

Right-of-Use Lease Asset (Note 5)
550


Other Long-term Assets
344

387

  Total Assets
$
38,154

$
36,729

 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current Liabilities:
 
 
Accounts Payable
$
1,019

$
949

Labor and Fringe Benefits Payable
406

550

Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves (Note 4)
112

113

Current Maturities of Long-term Debt (Note 8)
18

18

Income and Other Taxes Payable
193

106

Other Current Liabilities
178

179

  Total Current Liabilities
1,926

1,915

 
 
 
Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves (Note 4)
207

211

Long-term Debt (Note 8)
15,748

14,739

Deferred Income Taxes - Net
6,743

6,690

Long-term Lease Liability (Note 5)
502


Other Long-term Liabilities
583

594

  Total Liabilities
25,709

24,149

 
 
 
Shareholders' Equity:
 
 
Common Stock, $1 Par Value
809

818

Other Capital
267

249

Retained Earnings
12,011

12,157

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (Note 12)
(659
)
(661
)
Noncontrolling Interest
17

17

Total Shareholders' Equity
12,445

12,580

Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
$
38,154

$
36,729


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.4





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)
 
Three Months
 
2019
2018
 
 
 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
Net Earnings
$
834

$
695

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Earnings to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
 
 
Depreciation
330

323

Deferred Income Taxes
51

54

Gain on Property Dispositions
(27
)
(32
)
Equity Earnings of Affiliates
(19
)
(25
)
Cash Payments for Restructuring Charge

(12
)
Other Operating Activities
(14
)
6

Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:
 
 
Accounts Receivable
(56
)
(50
)
Other Current Assets
22

(19
)
Accounts Payable
74

64

Income and Other Taxes Payable
150

127

Other Current Liabilities
(172
)
(165
)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
1,173

966

 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
Property Additions
(353
)
(368
)
Proceeds from Property Dispositions
48

52

Purchase of Short-term Investments
(813
)

Proceeds from Sales of Short-term Investments
250

8

Other Investing Activities
(2
)
(8
)
Net Cash Used In Investing Activities
(870
)
(316
)
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
Long-term Debt Issued (Note 8)
1,000

2,000

Dividends Paid
(195
)
(194
)
Shares Repurchased
(796
)
(836
)
Other Financing Activities
18

(41
)
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
27

929

 
 
 
Net Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents
330

1,579

 
 
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period
858

401

Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period
$
1,188

$
1,980

 
 
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.5





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES
IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Dollars in Millions)

 
Common Shares Outstanding
(Thousands)
Common Stock and Paid-in Capital
Retained Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss)(a)
Non-controlling Interest
Total Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance December 31, 2018
818,180

$
1,067

$
12,157

$
(661
)
$
17

$
12,580

Comprehensive Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Earnings


834



834

Other Comprehensive Income (Note 12)



2


2

Total Comprehensive Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
836

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock dividends, $0.24 per share


(195
)


(195
)
Share Repurchases
(11,540
)
(12
)
(784
)


(796
)
Stock Option Exercises and Other
2,524

21

(1
)


20

Balance March 31, 2019
809,164

$
1,076

$
12,011

$
(659
)
$
17

$
12,445

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance December 31, 2017
889,851

$
1,107

$
14,084

$
(486
)
$
16

$
14,721

Comprehensive Earnings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Earnings


695



695

Other Comprehensive Loss (Note 12)



(99
)

(99
)
Total Comprehensive Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
596

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock dividends, $0.22 per share


(194
)


(194
)
Share Repurchases
(14,966
)
(15
)
(821
)


(836
)
Stock Option Exercises and Other
469

(2
)
109


(3
)
104

Balance March 31, 2018
875,354

$
1,090

$
13,873

$
(585
)
$
13

$
14,391

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss balances shown above are net of tax. The associated taxes were $179 million and $160 million as of March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively. For additional information, see Note 12, Other Comprehensive Income.

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.6





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 1.Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies

Background
CSX Corporation (“CSX”), together with its subsidiaries (the “Company”), based in Jacksonville, Florida, is one of the nation's leading transportation companies. The Company provides rail-based transportation services including traditional rail service and the transport of intermodal containers and trailers.

CSX's principal operating subsidiary, CSX Transportation, Inc. (“CSXT”), provides an important link to the transportation supply chain through its approximately 20,500 route mile rail network, which serves major population centers in 23 states east of the Mississippi River, the District of Columbia and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The Company's intermodal business links customers to railroads via trucks and terminals.

CSXT is also responsible for the Company's real estate sales, leasing, acquisition and management and development activities. In addition, as substantially all real estate sales, leasing, acquisition and management and development activities are focused on supporting railroad operations, all results of these activities are included in operating income.

Other entities
In addition to CSXT, the Company’s subsidiaries include CSX Intermodal Terminals, Inc. (“CSX Intermodal Terminals”), Total Distribution Services, Inc. (“TDSI”), Transflo Terminal Services, Inc. (“Transflo”), CSX Technology, Inc. (“CSX Technology”) and other subsidiaries. CSX Intermodal Terminals owns and operates a system of intermodal terminals, predominantly in the eastern United States and also performs drayage services (the pickup and delivery of intermodal shipments) for certain customers and trucking dispatch operations. TDSI serves the automotive industry with distribution centers and storage locations. Transflo connects non-rail served customers to the many benefits of rail by transferring products from rail to trucks. The biggest Transflo markets are chemicals and agriculture, which include shipments of plastics and ethanol. CSX Technology and other subsidiaries provide support services for the Company.
    
Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements contain all normal, recurring adjustments necessary to fairly present the following:
  
Consolidated income statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018;
Condensed consolidated comprehensive income statements for the quarter ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018;
Consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018;
Consolidated cash flow statements for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018; and
Consolidated statements of changes in shareholders' equity for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018.

Pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), certain information and disclosures normally included in the notes to the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been omitted from these interim financial statements. CSX suggests that these financial statements be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and the notes included in CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K and any subsequently filed current reports on Form 8-K.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.7





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 1.    Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies, continued

Fiscal Year
The Company's fiscal periods are based upon the calendar year. Except as otherwise specified, references to “first quarter(s)” or “three months” indicate CSX's fiscal periods ending March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, and references to "year-end" indicate the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018.

New Accounting Pronouncements
Pronouncements adopted in 2019    
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU, Leases, which requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as a right-of-use asset with a corresponding lease liability. Lessor accounting under the standard is substantially unchanged. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures are also required. CSX adopted the standard effective January 1, 2019 using the cumulative-effect adjustment transition method, which applies the provisions of the standard at the effective date without adjusting the comparative periods presented. The Company adopted the following practical expedients and elected the following accounting policies related to this standard update:

Carry forward of historical lease classifications and current accounting treatment for existing land easements;
Short-term lease accounting policy election allowing lessees to not recognize right-of-use assets and liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less; and
The option to not separate lease and non-lease components for certain equipment lease asset categories such as freight car, vehicles and work equipment.

Adoption of this standard resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities of $534 million on the consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2019. This amount is lower than previous estimates due to a lease amendment. The Company’s accounting for finance leases remained substantially unchanged. The standard did not materially impact operating results or liquidity. Disclosures related to the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases are included in Note 5, Leases.

Pronouncements to be adopted    
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which replaces current methods for evaluating impairment of financial instruments not measured at fair value, including trade accounts receivable and certain debt securities, with a current expected credit loss model. CSX will adopt this new standard update effective January 1, 2020, and does not expect it to have a material effect on the Company's results of operations.



                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.8





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 2.    Earnings Per Share

The following table sets forth the computation of basic earnings per share and earnings per share, assuming dilution:
 
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
Numerator (Dollars in millions):
 
 
Net Earnings
$
834

$
695

 
 
 
Denominator (Units in millions):
 
 
Average Common Shares Outstanding
814

885

Other Potentially Dilutive Common Shares
3

3

Average Common Shares Outstanding, Assuming Dilution
817

888

 
 
 
Net Earnings Per Share, Basic
$
1.02

$
0.78

Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution
$
1.02

$
0.78



Basic earnings per share is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Earnings per share, assuming dilution, is based on the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding and common stock equivalents adjusted for the effects of common stock that may be issued as a result of potentially dilutive instruments. CSX's potentially dilutive instruments are made up of equity awards, including performance units and employee stock options.

When calculating diluted earnings per share, the potential shares that would be outstanding if all outstanding stock options were exercised are included. This number is different from outstanding stock options because it is offset by shares CSX could repurchase using the proceeds from these hypothetical exercises to obtain the common stock equivalent. Approximately 600 thousand and 800 thousand of total average outstanding stock options for the first quarters ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, respectively, were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because their effect was antidilutive.

Share Repurchases    
In February 2018, the Company announced an increase to the $1.5 billion share repurchase program first announced in October 2017, bringing the total authorized to $5 billion. This program was completed on January 16, 2019. Also on January 16, 2019, the Company announced a new $5 billion share repurchase program. During the first quarters of 2019 and 2018, the Company repurchased approximately $796 million, or 12 million shares, and $836 million, or 15 million shares, respectively.

Under an accelerated share repurchase agreement executed in January 2018, the Company made a prepayment of $150 million to a financial institution and received an initial delivery of shares valued at $120 million. The remaining balance of $30 million was settled through receipt of additional shares in February 2018 with the final net number of shares calculated based on the volume-weighted average price of the Company's common stock over the term of the agreement, less a discount. Approximately 3 million total shares were repurchased under the agreement.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.9





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 2.    Earnings Per Share, continued

Share repurchases may be made through a variety of methods including, but not limited to, open market purchases, purchases pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans, accelerated share repurchases and negotiated block purchases. The timing of share repurchases depends upon management's assessment of marketplace conditions and other factors, and the program remains subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors. Future share repurchases are expected to be funded by cash on hand, cash generated from operations and debt issuances. Shares are retired immediately upon repurchase. In accordance with the Equity Topic in the ASC, the excess of repurchase price over par value is recorded in retained earnings.

Dividend Increase
On February 6, 2019, the Company announced a 9 percent increase to the quarterly dividend from $0.22 per share of common stock to $0.24 per share of common stock, payable on March 15, 2019 to shareholders of record at the close of business on February 28, 2019.

NOTE 3.     Share-Based Compensation

Under CSX's share-based compensation plans, awards consist of performance units, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and stock options for management and stock grants for directors. Awards granted under the various programs are determined and approved by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors or, in certain circumstances, by the Chief Executive Officer for awards to management employees other than senior executives. The Board of Directors approves awards granted to CSX's non-management directors upon recommendation of the Governance Committee.

Share-based compensation expense for awards under share-based compensation plans and purchases made as part of the employee stock purchase plan is measured using the fair value of the award on the grant date and is recognized on a straight-line basis over the service period of the respective award. Total pre-tax expense and income tax benefits associated with share-based compensation are shown in the table below. Income tax benefits include impacts from option exercises and the vesting of other equity awards.

 
First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
2019
2018
 
 
 
Share-Based Compensation Expense:
 
 
Performance Units
$
6

$
6

Stock Options
2

4

Restricted Stock Units and Awards
2

1

Stock Awards for Directors
2

2

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
1


Total Share-Based Compensation Expense
$
13

$
13

Income Tax Benefit
$
28

$
8




                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.10





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 3.     Share-Based Compensation, continued

Long-term Incentive Plan
On February 6, 2019, the Company granted approximately 300 thousand performance units to certain employees under a new long-term incentive plan ("LTIP") for the years 2019 through 2021, which was adopted under the CSX Stock and Incentive Award Plan. During first quarter 2018, approximately 350 thousand performance units were granted pursuant to the corresponding LTIP.

Payouts of performance units for the cycle ending with fiscal year 2021 will be based on the achievement of goals related to both operating ratio and free cash flow, in each case excluding non-recurring items as disclosed in the Company's financial statements. The cumulative operating ratio and cumulative free cash flow over the plan period will each comprise 50% of the payout and will be measured independently of the other.

Grants were made in performance units, with each unit representing the right to receive one share of CSX common stock, and payouts will be made in CSX common stock. The payout range for participants will be between 0% and 200% of the target awards depending on Company performance against predetermined goals. Payouts for certain executive officers are subject to formulaic upward or downward adjustment by up to 25%, capped at an overall payout of 225%, based upon the Company's total shareholder return relative to specified comparable groups over the performance period. The fair values of the performance units awarded during the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018 were calculated using a Monte-Carlo simulation model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
Weighted-average assumptions used:
 
 
Annual dividend yield
1.4
%
1.6
%
Risk-free interest rate
2.5
%
2.3
%
Annualized volatility
27.63
%
29.15
%
Expected life (in years)
2.9

2.9



Stock Options
Also, on February 6, 2019, the Company granted approximately 843 thousand stock options along with the corresponding LTIP. The fair value of stock options on the date of grant was $17.45 per option, which was calculated using the Black-Scholes valuation model. These stock options were granted with ten-year terms and vest over three years in equal installments each year on the anniversary of the grant date. The exercise price for stock options granted equals the closing market price of the underlying stock on the date of grant. These awards are time-based and are not based upon attainment of performance goals. During first quarter 2018, approximately 950 thousand stock options were granted pursuant to the corresponding LTIP.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.11





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 3.     Share-Based Compensation, continued

The fair values of all stock option awards during first quarters 2019 and 2018 were estimated at the grant date with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
Weighted-average grant-date fair value
$
17.45

$
14.62

 
 
 
Stock options valuation assumptions:
 
 
Annual dividend yield
1.3
%
1.5
%
Risk-free interest rate
2.6
%
2.6
%
Annualized volatility
25.8
%
27.0
%
Expected life (in years)
6.0

6.5

 
 
 
Other pricing model inputs:
 
 
Weighted-average grant-date market price of CSX stock (strike price)
$
68.09

$
54.07



Restricted Stock Units
Finally, on February 6, 2019, the Company granted approximately 65 thousand restricted stock units along with the corresponding LTIP. The restricted stock units vest three years after the date of grant. Participants receive cash dividend equivalents on the unvested shares during the restriction period. These awards are time-based and are not based upon CSX's attainment of operational targets. For information related to the Company's other outstanding long-term incentive compensation, see CSX's most recent annual report on Form 10-K. During first quarter 2018, approximately 85 thousand restricted stock units were granted pursuant to the corresponding LTIP. Restricted stock units are paid-out in CSX common stock on a one-for-one basis.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
In May 2018, shareholders approved the 2018 CSX Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) for the benefit of Company employees. The Company registered 4 million shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to this plan. Under the ESPP, employees may contribute between 1% and 10% of base compensation, after-tax, to purchase up to $25,000 of CSX common stock per year at 85% of the closing market price on either the grant date or the last day of the six-month offering period, whichever is lower. During the quarter ended March 31, 2019, 105 thousand shares of CSX stock were issued at a weighted average purchase price of $52.81 per share. These issuances were related to employee contributions in 2018.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.12





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves

Personal injury and environmental reserves are considered critical accounting estimates due to the need for significant management judgment. Casualty, environmental and other reserves are provided for in the consolidated balance sheets as shown in the table below.
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
(Dollars in millions)
Current
Long-term
Total
 
Current
Long-term
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Casualty:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Personal Injury
$
41

$
100

$
141

 
$
40

$
103

$
143

Occupational
10

44

54

 
10

46

56

     Total Casualty
51

144

195

 
50

149

199

Environmental
38

42

80

 
39

41

80

Other
23

21

44

 
24

21

45

     Total
$
112

$
207

$
319

 
$
113

$
211

$
324



These liabilities are accrued when probable and reasonably estimable in accordance with the Contingencies Topic in the ASC. Actual settlements and claims received could differ, and final outcomes of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty. Considering the legal defenses currently available, the liabilities that have been recorded and other factors, it is the opinion of management that none of these items individually, when finally resolved, will have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. Should a number of these items occur in the same period, however, their combined effect could be material in that particular period.

Casualty
Casualty reserves of $195 million and $199 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, represent accruals for personal injury, occupational disease and occupational injury claims. During second quarter 2018, the Company increased its self-insured retention amount for these claims from $50 million to $75 million per occurrence for claims occurring on or after June 1, 2018. Currently, no individual claim is expected to exceed the self-insured retention amount. In accordance with the Contingencies Topic in the ASC, to the extent the value of an individual claim exceeds the self-insured retention amount, the Company would present the liability on a gross basis with a corresponding receivable for insurance recoveries. These reserves fluctuate based upon the timing of payments as well as changes in estimate. Actual results may vary from estimates due to the number, type and severity of the injury, costs of medical treatments and uncertainties in litigation. Most of the Company's casualty claims relate to CSXT. Defense and processing costs, which historically have been insignificant and are anticipated to be insignificant in the future, are not included in the recorded liabilities.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.13





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves, continued

Personal Injury
    Personal injury reserves represent liabilities for employee work-related and third-party injuries. Work-related injuries for CSXT employees are primarily subject to the Federal Employers’ Liability Act (“FELA”). CSXT retains an independent actuary to assist management in assessing the value of personal injury claims. An analysis is performed by the actuary quarterly and is reviewed by management. This analysis for the quarter resulted in an immaterial adjustment to the personal injury reserve. The methodology used by the actuary includes a development factor to reflect growth or reduction in the value of these personal injury claims based largely on CSXT's historical claims and settlement experience.

Occupational
Occupational reserves represent liabilities for occupational disease and injury claims. Occupational disease claims arise primarily from allegations of exposure to asbestos in the workplace. Occupational injury claims arise from allegations of exposure to certain other materials in the workplace, such as solvents, soaps, chemicals (collectively referred to as “irritants”) and diesel fuels (like exhaust fumes) or allegations of chronic physical injuries resulting from work conditions, such as repetitive stress injuries.

Environmental
Environmental reserves were $80 million as of each March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The Company is a party to various proceedings related to environmental issues, including administrative and judicial proceedings involving private parties and regulatory agencies. The Company has been identified as a potentially responsible party at approximately 226 environmentally impaired sites. Many of these are, or may be, subject to remedial action under the federal Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 ("CERCLA"), also known as the Superfund Law, or similar state statutes. Most of these proceedings arose from environmental conditions on properties used for ongoing or discontinued railroad operations. A number of these proceedings, however, are based on allegations that the Company, or its predecessors, sent hazardous substances to facilities owned or operated by others for treatment, recycling or disposal. In addition, some of the Company's land holdings were leased to others for commercial or industrial uses that may have resulted in releases of hazardous substances or other regulated materials onto the property and could give rise to proceedings against the Company.

In any such proceedings, the Company is subject to environmental clean-up and enforcement actions under the Superfund Law, as well as similar state laws that may impose joint and several liability for clean-up and enforcement costs on current and former owners and operators of a site without regard to fault or the legality of the original conduct. These costs could be substantial.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.14





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 4.    Casualty, Environmental and Other Reserves, continued

In accordance with the Asset Retirement and Environmental Obligations Topic in the ASC, the Company reviews its role with respect to each site identified at least quarterly, giving consideration to a number of factors such as:

type of clean-up required;
nature of the Company's alleged connection to the location (e.g., generator of waste sent to the site or owner or operator of the site);
extent of the Company's alleged connection (e.g., volume of waste sent to the location and other relevant factors); and
number, connection and financial viability of other named and unnamed potentially responsible parties at the location.

Based on the review process, the Company has recorded amounts to cover contingent anticipated future environmental remediation costs with respect to each site to the extent such costs are reasonably estimable and probable. The recorded liabilities for estimated future environmental costs are undiscounted. The liability includes future costs for remediation and restoration of sites as well as any significant ongoing
monitoring costs, but excludes any anticipated insurance recoveries. Payments related to these liabilities are expected to be made over the next several years. Environmental remediation costs are included in materials, supplies and other on the consolidated income statements.

Currently, the Company does not possess sufficient information to reasonably estimate the amounts of additional liabilities, if any, on some sites until completion of future environmental studies. In addition, conditions that are currently unknown could, at any given location, result in additional exposure, the amount and materiality of which cannot presently be reasonably estimated. Based upon information currently available, however, the Company believes its environmental reserves accurately reflect the estimated cost of remedial actions currently required.

Other
Other reserves of $44 million and $45 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. These reserves include liabilities for various claims, such as property, automobile and general liability. Also included in other reserves are longshoremen disability claims related to a previously owned international shipping business (these claims are in runoff) as well as claims for current port employees.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.15





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 5.     Leases

CSX has various lease agreements with terms up to 50 years, including leases of land, land with integral equipment (e.g. track), buildings and various equipment. Some leases include options to purchase, terminate or extend for one or more years. These options are included in the lease term when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised.

At inception, the Company determines if an arrangement contains a lease and whether that lease meets the classification criteria of a finance or operating lease. Some of the Company’s lease arrangements contain lease components (e.g. minimum rent payments) and non-lease components (e.g. maintenance, labor charges, etc.). The Company generally accounts for each component separately based on the estimated standalone price of each component. For certain equipment leases, such as freight car, vehicles and work equipment, the Company accounts for the lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

Certain of the Company’s lease agreements include rental payments that are adjusted periodically for an index or rate. The leases are initially measured using the projected payments adjusted for the index or rate in effect at the commencement date. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

Operating Leases
Operating leases are included in right-of-use lease assets, other current liabilities and long-term lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets. These assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of remaining lease payments over the lease term using the Company’s secured incremental borrowing rates or implicit rates, when readily determinable. Short-term operating leases, which have an initial term of 12 months or less, are not recorded on the balance sheet.

Lease expense for operating leases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease expense is recognized in the period in which the obligation for those payments is incurred. Lease expense is included in equipment and other rents on the consolidated income statements and is reported net of lease income. Lease income is not material to the results of operations for the quarter ended March 2019.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.16





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 5.     Leases, continued

The following table presents information about the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from the Company’s operating leases as of March 31, 2019.

(Dollars in Millions)
March 31, 2019
Maturity of Lease Liabilities
Lease Payments
2019 (remaining)
$
41

2020
56

2021
49

2022
44

2023
38

Thereafter
1,241

Total undiscounted operating lease payments
$
1,469

Less: Imputed interest
(914
)
Present value of operating lease liabilities
$
555

 
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
Current lease liabilities (recorded in other current liabilities)
$
53

Long-term lease liabilities
502

Total operating lease liabilities
$
555

 
 
Other Information
 
Weighted-average remaining lease term for operating leases
33 years

Weighted-average discount rate for operating leases
5.0
%

Cash Flows
An initial right-of-use asset of $534 million was recognized as a non-cash asset addition with the adoption of the new lease accounting standard. Additional right-of-use assets of $30 million were recognized as non-cash asset additions that resulted from new operating lease liabilities during first quarter 2019. Cash paid for amounts included in the present value of operating lease liabilities was $14 million during first quarter 2019 and is included in operating cash flows.

Operating Lease Costs
Operating lease costs were $18 million during first quarter 2019. These costs are primarily related to long-term operating leases, but also include immaterial amounts for variable leases and short-term leases with terms greater than 30 days.

Finance Leases
Finance leases are included in properties - net and long-term debt on the consolidated balance sheets. The associated amortization expense and interest expense are included in depreciation and interest expense, respectively, on the consolidated income statements. These leases are not material to the consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2019.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.17





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 6.    Commitments and Contingencies

Insurance
The Company maintains insurance programs with substantial limits for property damage (which includes business interruption) and third-party liability.  A certain amount of risk is retained by the Company on each of the property and liability programs. The Company has a $50 million per occurrence retention for floods and named windstorms and a $25 million per occurrence retention for property losses other than floods and named windstorms. For claims occurring on or after June 1, 2018, the Company increased its self-insured retention for third-party liability claims from $50 million to $75 million per occurrence. While the Company believes its insurance coverage is adequate, future claims could exceed existing insurance coverage or insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates.

Legal
    The Company is involved in litigation incidental to its business and is a party to a number of legal actions and claims, various governmental proceedings and private civil lawsuits, including, but not limited to, those related to fuel surcharge practices, tax matters, environmental and hazardous material exposure matters, FELA and labor claims by current or former employees, other personal injury or property claims and disputes and complaints involving certain transportation rates and charges. Some of the legal proceedings include claims for compensatory as well as punitive damages and others are, or are purported to be, class actions. While the final outcome of these matters cannot be reasonably determined, considering, among other things, the legal defenses available and liabilities that have been recorded along with applicable insurance, it is currently the opinion of management that none of these pending items is likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity. An unexpected adverse resolution of one or more of these items, however, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.

The Company is able to estimate a range of possible loss for certain legal proceedings for which a loss is reasonably possible in excess of reserves established. The Company has estimated this range to be $4 million to $102 million in aggregate at March 31, 2019. This estimated aggregate range is based upon currently available information and is subject to significant judgment and a variety of assumptions. Accordingly, the Company's estimate will change from time to time, and actual losses may vary significantly from the current estimate.

Fuel Surcharge Antitrust Litigation
In May 2007, class action lawsuits were filed against CSXT and three other U.S.-based Class I railroads alleging that the defendants' fuel surcharge practices relating to contract and unregulated traffic resulted from an illegal conspiracy in violation of antitrust laws. In November 2007, the class action lawsuits were consolidated in federal court in the District of Columbia, where they are now pending. The suit seeks treble damages allegedly sustained by purported class members as well as attorneys' fees and other relief. Plaintiffs are expected to allege damages at least equal to the fuel surcharges at issue.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.18





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 6.    Commitments and Contingencies, continued

In June 2012, the District Court certified the case as a class action. The decision was not a ruling on the merits of plaintiffs' claims, but rather a decision to allow the plaintiffs to seek to prove the case as a class. The defendant railroads petitioned the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit for permission to appeal the District Court's class certification decision. In August 2013, the D.C. Circuit issued a decision vacating the class certification decision and remanded the case to the District Court to reconsider its class certification decision. On October 10, 2017, the District Court issued an order denying class certification. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit is reviewing the District Court's denial of class certification and held oral argument on September 28, 2018, with a decision yet to be issued. The District Court has delayed proceedings on the merits of the case pending the outcome of the class certification proceedings.

CSXT believes that its fuel surcharge practices were arrived at and applied lawfully and that the case is without merit. Accordingly, the Company intends to defend itself vigorously. However, penalties for violating antitrust laws can be severe, and resolution of this matter or an unexpected adverse decision on the merits could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in that particular period.

Environmental
CSXT is indemnifying Pharmacia LLC (formerly known as Monsanto Company) for certain liabilities associated with real estate located in Kearny, New Jersey along the Lower Passaic River (the “Property”). The Property, which was formerly owned by Pharmacia, is now owned by CSXT. CSXT's indemnification and defense duties arise with respect to several matters. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ("EPA"), using its CERCLA authority, seeks cleanup and removal costs and other damages associated with the presence of hazardous substances in the 17-mile Lower Passaic River Study Area (the "Study Area”). CSXT, on behalf of Pharmacia, and a significant number of other potentially responsible parties are together conducting a Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study of the Study Area pursuant to an Administrative Settlement Agreement and Order on Consent with the EPA.

In March 2016, EPA issued its Record of Decision detailing the agency’s mandated remedial process for the lower 8 miles of the Study Area. Approximately 80 parties, including Pharmacia, are participating in an EPA-directed allocation process to assign responsibility for costs to be incurred implementing the remedy selected for the lower 8 miles of the Study Area. CSXT is participating in the allocation process on behalf of Pharmacia. At a later date, EPA will select a remedy for the remainder of the Study Area and is expected to again seek the participation of private parties to implement the selected remedy using EPA’s CERCLA authority to compel such participation, if necessary.

CSXT is also defending and indemnifying Pharmacia in a cooperative natural resource damages assessment process related to the Property. Based on currently available information, the Company does not believe any indemnification or remediation costs potentially allocable to CSXT with respect to the Property and the Study Area would be material to the Company's financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.19





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 7.    Employee Benefit Plans

The Company sponsors defined benefit pension plans principally for salaried, management personnel. CSX also sponsors a non-contributory post-retirement medical plan and a life insurance plan that provide certain benefits to eligible employees hired prior to January 1, 2003. Independent actuaries compute the amounts of liabilities and expenses relating to these plans subject to the assumptions that the Company determines are appropriate based on historical trends, current market rates and future projections. These amounts are reviewed by management.

Only the service cost component of net periodic benefit costs is included in labor and fringe expense on the consolidated income statement. All other components of net periodic benefit cost are included in other income - net.
 
Pension Benefits
(Dollars in millions)
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
Service Cost Included in Labor and Fringe
$
8

$
9

 
 
 
Interest Cost
26

23

Expected Return on Plan Assets
(43
)
(44
)
Amortization of Net Loss
7

10

Total Income Included in Other Income - Net
(10
)
(11
)
 
 
 
Net Periodic Benefit Credit
$
(2
)
$
(2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Post-retirement Benefits
(Dollars in millions)
First Quarters
 
2019
2018
Service Cost Included in Labor and Fringe
$

$

 
 
 
Interest Cost
1

2

Amortization of Prior Service Costs
(2
)

Total (Income) Expense Included in Other Income - Net
(1
)
2

 
 
 
Net Periodic Benefit (Credit) Cost
$
(1
)
$
2

 
 
 

    
Qualified pension plan obligations are funded in accordance with regulatory requirements and with an objective of meeting or exceeding minimum funding requirements necessary to avoid restrictions on flexibility of plan operation and benefit payments. No contributions to the Company's qualified pension plans are required in 2019.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.20





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 8.    Debt and Credit Agreements

Total activity related to long-term debt as of the end of first quarter 2019 is shown in the table below. For fair value information related to the Company's long-term debt, see Note 11, Fair Value Measurements.

(Dollars in millions)
Current Portion
Long-term Portion
Total
Long-term debt as of December 31, 2018
$
18

$
14,739

$
14,757

2019 activity:
 
 
 
Long-term debt issued

1,000

1,000

Discount, premium and other activity

9

9

Long-term debt as of March 31, 2019
$
18

$
15,748

$
15,766


Debt Issuance
    On February 28, 2019, CSX issued $600 million of 4.25% notes due 2029, which was a reopening of existing notes originally issued in November 2018, and $400 million of 4.50% notes due 2049. These notes are included in the consolidated balance sheets under long-term debt and may be redeemed by the Company at any time, subject to payment of certain make-whole premiums. The net proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, which may include repurchases of CSX's common stock, capital investment, working capital requirements, improvements in productivity and other cost reduction initiatives at the Company’s major transportation units.

Credit Facility
On March 29, 2019, CSX replaced its existing $1.0 billion unsecured, revolving credit facility with a new $1.2 billion unsecured, revolving credit facility backed by a diverse syndicate of banks. The new facility allows same-day borrowings at floating interest rates, based on LIBOR or an agreed-upon replacement, plus a spread that depends upon CSX's senior unsecured debt ratings. LIBOR is the London Interbank Offered Rate which is a daily reference rate based on the interest rates at which banks offer to lend unsecured funds. This facility expires in March 2024, and at March 31, 2019, the Company had no outstanding balances under this facility.

Commitment fees and interest rates payable under the facility were similar to fees and rates available to comparably rated investment-grade borrowers. As of first quarter 2019, CSX was in compliance with all covenant requirements under this facility.

Commercial Paper
In September 2018, the Company established a commercial paper program, backed by the revolving credit facility, under which the Company may issue unsecured commercial paper notes up to a maximum aggregate principal amount of $1.0 billion outstanding at any one time. Proceeds from issuances of the notes are expected to be used for general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2019, the Company had no outstanding debt under the commercial paper program.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.21





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 9.     Revenues

The Company’s revenues are primarily derived from the transportation of freight as performance obligations that arise from its contracts with customers are satisfied. The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by lines of business as this best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors:
 
First Quarters
(Dollars in millions)
2019
2018
 
 
 
Chemicals
$
586

$
557

Agricultural and Food Products
344

307

Automotive
311

304

Forest Products
216

195

Metals and Equipment
189

186

Minerals
123

114

Fertilizers
110

116

Total Merchandise
1,879

1,779

 
 
 
Coal
538

503

 
 
 
Intermodal
428

449

 
 
 
Other
168

145

 
 
 
Total
$
3,013

$
2,876



Revenue Recognition
The Company generates revenue from freight billings under contracts with customers generally on a rate per carload, container or ton-basis based on length of haul and commodities carried. The Company’s performance obligation arises when it receives a bill of lading (“BOL”) to transport a customer's commodities at a negotiated price contained in a transportation services agreement or a publicly disclosed tariff rate. Once a BOL is received, a contract is formed whereby the parties are committed to perform, collectability of consideration is probable and the rights of the parties, shipping terms and conditions, and payment terms are identified. A customer may submit several BOLs for transportation services at various times throughout a service agreement term but each shipment represents a distinct service that is a separately identified performance obligation.

The average transit time to complete a shipment is between 3 to 8 days and payments for transportation services are normally billed once a BOL is received and are generally due within 15 days after the invoice date. The Company recognizes revenue over transit time of freight as it moves from origin to destination. Revenue for services started but not completed at the reporting date is allocated based on the relative transit time in each reporting period, with the portion allocated for services subsequent to the reporting date considered remaining performance obligations.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.22





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 9.     Revenues, continued

The certain key estimates included in the recognition and measurement of revenue and related accounts receivable are as follows:

Revenue associated with shipments in transit is recognized ratably over transit time and is based on average cycle times to move commodities and products from their origin to their final destination or interchange;
Adjustments to revenue for billing corrections and billing discounts;
Adjustments to revenue for overcharge claims filed by customers, which are based on historical payments to customers for rate overcharges as a percentage of total billing; and
Incentive-based refunds to customers, which are primarily volume-related, are recorded as a reduction to revenue on the basis of the projected liability (this estimate is based on historical activity, current volume levels and forecasted future volume).

Revenue related to interline transportation services that involve the services of another party, such as another railroad, is reported on a net basis. The portion of the gross amount billed to customers that is remitted by the Company to another party is not reflected as revenue.

Other revenue is comprised of revenue from regional subsidiary railroads and incidental charges, including demurrage and switching. It is recorded upon completion of the service and accounted for 6% of the Company’s total revenue in the first quarter 2019. Revenue from regional subsidiary railroads includes shipments by railroads that the Company does not directly operate. Demurrage represents charges assessed when freight cars are held by a customer beyond a specified period of time. Switching revenue is primarily generated when the Company switches cars for a customer or another railroad.

During the first quarters 2019 and 2018, revenue recognized from performance obligations related to prior periods (for example, due to changes in transaction price), was not material.

Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price allocated to future reporting periods for freight services started but not completed at the reporting date. This includes the unearned portion of billed and unbilled amounts for cancellable freight shipments in transit. The Company expects to recognize the unearned portion of revenue for freight services in transit within one week of the reporting date. As of March 31, 2019, the Company had no material remaining performance obligations.

Contract Balances and Accounts Receivable
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in accounts receivable and customer advances and deposits (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company had no material contract assets, contract liabilities or deferred contract costs recorded on the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2019.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.23





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 9.     Revenues, continued

The Company’s accounts receivable - net consists of freight and non-freight receivables, reduced by an allowance for doubtful accounts.

(Dollars in millions)
March 31,
2019
December 31,
2018
 
 
 
Freight Receivables
$
891

$
846

Freight Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
(17
)
(18
)
Freight Receivables, net
874

828

 
 
 
Non-Freight Receivables
241

190

Non-Freight Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
(9
)
(8
)
Non-Freight Receivables, net
232

182

Total Accounts Receivable, net
$
1,106

$
1,010



Freight receivables include amounts earned, billed and unbilled, and currently due from customers for transportation-related services. Non-freight receivables include amounts billed and unbilled and currently due related to government reimbursement receivables and other non-revenue receivables. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that will not be collected. The allowance is based upon an assessment of customer creditworthiness, historical payment experience, the age of outstanding receivables and economic conditions. Impairment losses recognized on the Company’s accounts receivable were not material in the first quarters 2019 and 2018.

NOTE 10.    Income Taxes

There have been no material changes to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits reported at December 31, 2018.


                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.24





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Fair Value Measurements

The Financial Instruments Topic in the ASC requires disclosures about fair value of financial instruments in annual reports as well as in quarterly reports. For CSX, this statement applies to certain investments and long-term debt. Disclosure of the fair value of pension plan assets is only required annually. Also, this rule clarifies the definition of fair value for financial reporting, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and requires additional disclosures about the use of fair value measurements.

Various inputs are considered when determining the value of the Company's investments, pension plan assets and long-term debt. The inputs or methodologies used for valuing securities are not necessarily an indication of the risk associated with investing in these securities. These inputs are summarized in the three broad levels listed below.
Level 1 - observable market inputs that are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets;
Level 2 - other significant observable inputs (including quoted prices for similar securities, interest rates, credit risk, etc.); and
Level 3 - significant unobservable inputs (including the Company's own assumptions about the assumptions market participants would use in determining the fair value of investments).

The valuation methods described below may produce a fair value calculation that may not be indicative of net realizable value or reflective of future fair values. Furthermore, while the Company believes its valuation methods are appropriate and consistent with other market participants, the use of different methodologies or assumptions to determine the fair value of certain financial instruments could result in a different fair value measurement at the reporting date.

Investments
The Company's investment assets, valued with assistance from a third-party trustee, consist of certificates of deposits, commercial paper, corporate bonds and government securities and are carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheet per the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic in the ASC. There are several valuation methodologies used for those assets as described below.
Certificates of Deposit and Commercial Paper (Level 2): Valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value; and
Corporate Bonds and Government Securities (Level 2): Valued using broker quotes that utilize observable market inputs.

The Company's investment assets are carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets as summarized in the following table. All of the inputs used to determine the fair value of the Company's investments are Level 2 inputs. The amortized cost basis of these investments was $903 million and $340 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

(Dollars in Millions)
March 31,
2019
December 31,
2018
Certificates of Deposit and Commercial Paper
$
813

$
250

Corporate Bonds
59

56

Government Securities
34

35

Total investments at fair value
$
906

$
341




                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.25





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 11.    Fair Value Measurements, continued

These investments have the following maturities:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Less than 1 year
$
822

 
$
253

1 - 5 years
8

 
14

5 - 10 years
24

 
26

Greater than 10 years
52

 
48

Total investments at fair value
$
906

 
$
341



Long-term Debt
Long-term debt is reported at carrying amount on the consolidated balance sheets and is the Company's only financial instrument with fair values significantly different from their carrying amounts. The majority of the Company's long-term debt is valued with assistance from an independent third party adviser that utilizes closing transactions, market quotes or market values of comparable debt. For those instruments not valued by the independent adviser, the fair value has been estimated by applying market rates of similar instruments to the scheduled contractual debt payments and maturities. These market rates are provided by the same independent adviser. All of the inputs used to determine the fair value of the Company's long-term debt are Level 2 inputs.

The fair value of outstanding debt fluctuates with changes in a number of factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to, interest rates, market conditions, credit ratings, values of similar financial instruments, size of the transaction, cash flow projections and comparable trades. Fair value will exceed carrying value when the current market interest rate is lower than the interest rate at which the debt was originally issued. The fair value of a company's debt is a measure of its current value under present market conditions. Under current accounting rules, the fair value of debt does not impact the financial statements. The fair value and carrying value of the Company's long-term debt is as follows:
(Dollars in millions)
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Long-term Debt (Including Current Maturities):
 
 
 
Fair Value
$
16,791

 
$
14,914

Carrying Value
15,766

 
14,757




                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.26





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 12.     Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

CSX reports comprehensive earnings or loss in accordance with the Comprehensive Income Topic in the ASC in the Consolidated Comprehensive Income Statement. Total comprehensive earnings are defined as all changes in shareholders' equity during a period, other than those resulting from investments by and distributions to shareholders (e.g. issuance of equity securities and dividends). Generally, for CSX, total comprehensive earnings equal net earnings plus or minus adjustments for pension and other post-retirement liabilities. Total comprehensive earnings represent the activity for a period net of tax and were $836 million and $596 million for first quarters 2019 and 2018, respectively.

While total comprehensive earnings is the activity in a period and is largely driven by net earnings in that period, accumulated other comprehensive income or loss (“AOCI”) represents the cumulative balance of other comprehensive income, net of tax, as of the balance sheet date. For CSX, AOCI is primarily the cumulative balance related to pension and other post-retirement benefit adjustments and CSX's share of AOCI of equity method investees.

Changes in the AOCI balance by component are shown in the following table. Amounts reclassified in pension and other post-employment benefits to net earnings relate to the amortization of actuarial losses and are included in other income - net on the consolidated income statements. See Note 7, Employee Benefit Plans, for further information. Other primarily represents CSX's share of AOCI of equity method investees. Amounts reclassified in other to net earnings are included in equity earnings of affiliates on the consolidated income statements.
 
Pension and Other Post-Employment Benefits
 
Other
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Dollars in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Balance December 31, 2018, Net of Tax
$
(604
)
 
$
(57
)
 
$
(661
)
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
Loss Before Reclassifications

 
(2
)
 
(2
)
Amounts Reclassified to Net Earnings
6

 

 
6

Tax Expense
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
5

 
(3
)
 
2

Balance March 31, 2019, Net of Tax
$
(599
)
 
$
(60
)
 
$
(659
)



NOTE 13.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data

In 2007, CSXT, a wholly-owned subsidiary of CSX Corporation, sold secured equipment notes maturing in 2023 in a registered public offering. CSX has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the notes. In connection with the notes, the Company is providing the following condensed consolidating financial information in accordance with SEC disclosure requirements. Each entity in the consolidating financial information follows the same accounting policies as described in the consolidated financial statements, except for the use of the equity method of accounting to reflect ownership interests in subsidiaries which are eliminated upon consolidation and the allocation of certain expenses of CSX incurred for the benefit of its subsidiaries. Condensed consolidating financial information for the obligor, CSXT, and parent guarantor, CSX, is shown in the following tables.

                    
 
CSX Q1 2019 Form 10-Q p.27





Table of Contents
CSX CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

NOTE 13.    Summarized Consolidating Financial Data, continued

 Consolidating Income Statements
 (Dollars in millions)
First Quarter 2019
 CSX Corporation
 CSX Transportation
Eliminations and Other
Consolidated
 Revenue
$

$
2,993

$
20

$
3,013

 Expense
(137
)
1,968

(37
)
1,794

 Operating Income
137

1,025

57

1,219

 
 
 
 
 
 Equity in Earnings of Subsidiaries
874


(874
)

 Interest (Expense) / Benefit
(216
)
(11
)
49

(178
)
 Other Income / (Expense) - Net
8

52

(37
)
23

 
 
 
 
 
 Earnings Before Income Taxes
803

1,066

(805
)
1,064

 Income Tax Benefit / (Expense)
31

(245
)
(16
)
(230
)
 Net Earnings
$
834

$
821

$
(821
)
$
834

 
 
 
 
 
Total Comprehensive Earnings
$
836

$
819

$
(819
)
$
836

 
 
 
 
 
First Quarter 2018
 CSX Corporation
 CSX Transportation
Eliminations and Other
Consolidated
 Revenue
$

$
2,857

$
19

$
2,876

 Expense
(78
)
1,943

(33
)
1,832

 Operating Income
78

914

52

1,044

 
 
 
 
 
 Equity in Earnings of Subsidiaries
758


(