Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Castle A M
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
8-K 2018-12-21 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-13 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-05 Officers, Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-07 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-01 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-25 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-03-13 Earnings, Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-06 Other Events
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RIGHT Right of Reply
CTAM 2018-09-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.1 ctamex101formofperformance.htm
EX-31.1 ctam-ex311x093018.htm
EX-31.2 ctam-ex312x093018.htm
EX-32.1 ctam-ex321x093018.htm

Castle A M Earnings 2018-09-30

CTAM 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 ctam10q-093018.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ý
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018
or
¨
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from             to            
Commission File Number: 1-5415
 
A. M. Castle & Co.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
 
Maryland
36-0879160
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation of organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
1420 Kensington Road, Suite 220, Oak Brook, Illinois
60523
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone, including area code (847) 455-7111

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report) None
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    
Yes  ý No  ¨  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    
Yes  ý No  ¨  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
¨

Non-accelerated filer
ý
Smaller reporting company
ý
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
Yes  ¨ No  ý  
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of November 9, 2018 was 3,802,839 shares.



A. M. Castle & Co.
Table of Contents
 




Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)
Amounts in thousands, except par value and per share data
A.M. Castle & Co.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Successor
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
7,356

 
$
11,104

Accounts receivable, less allowances of $1,100 and $1,586, respectively
89,297

 
74,370

Inventories
167,915

 
154,491

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
15,735

 
12,274

Income tax receivable
2,056

 
1,576

Total current assets
282,359

 
253,815

Goodwill and intangible assets, net
8,176

 
8,176

Prepaid pension cost
12,810

 
10,745

Deferred income taxes
1,291

 
1,278

Other noncurrent assets
835

 
1,344

Property, plant and equipment:
 
 
 
Land
5,579

 
5,581

Buildings
21,319

 
21,296

Machinery and equipment
37,136

 
33,011

Property, plant and equipment, at cost
64,034

 
59,888

Accumulated depreciation
(9,366
)
 
(2,961
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
54,668

 
56,927

Total assets
$
360,139

 
$
332,285

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
50,363

 
$
41,757

Accrued and other current liabilities
16,862

 
13,931

Income tax payable
668

 
262

Short-term borrowings
5,069

 
5,854

Current portion of long-term debt
119

 
118

Total current liabilities
73,081

 
61,922

Long-term debt, less current portion
239,908

 
199,903

Deferred income taxes
11,978

 
16,166

Build-to-suit liability
9,790

 
10,148

Other noncurrent liabilities
3,509

 
3,784

Pension and postretirement benefit obligations
6,281

 
6,377

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value—200,000 Class A shares authorized with 3,803 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and 3,734 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017
38

 
37

Additional paid-in capital
54,872

 
49,944

Accumulated deficit
(33,636
)
 
(13,327
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(5,682
)
 
(2,669
)
Total stockholders’ equity
15,592

 
33,985

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
360,139

 
$
332,285


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

3


A.M. Castle & Co.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
and Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
July 1, 2017 Through
August 31, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
148,109

 
$
41,725

 
 
$
81,518

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of materials (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
110,896

 
31,482

 
 
63,406

Warehouse, processing and delivery expense
21,092

 
5,972

 
 
12,277

Sales, general and administrative expense
16,871

 
5,141

 
 
10,455

Restructuring expense

 

 
 
398

Depreciation and amortization expense
2,227

 
502

 
 
2,391

Total costs and expenses
151,086

 
43,097

 
 
88,927

Operating loss
(2,977
)
 
(1,372
)
 
 
(7,409
)
Interest expense, net
8,746

 
1,805

 
 
3,409

Financial restructuring expense

 

 
 
424

Other (income) expense, net
(3,000
)
 
(2,770
)
 
 
(2,037
)
Reorganization items, net

 
128

 
 
(80,033
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
(8,723
)
 
(535
)
 
 
70,828

Income tax (benefit) expense
(2,068
)
 
286

 
 
(1,395
)
Net (loss) income
$
(6,655
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
72,223

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per common share
$
(3.33
)
 
$
(0.41
)
 
 
$
2.27

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(6,655
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
72,223

Change in unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax

 

 
 
9,369

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
(1,014
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
17,827

Comprehensive (loss) income
$
(7,669
)
 
$
(3,183
)
 
 
$
99,419

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Adjusted due to the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, "Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost." See Note 3 - New Accounting Standards, for additional information.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


4


A.M. Castle & Co.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
and Comprehensive (Loss) Income Continued
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
 August 31, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
444,396

 
$
41,725

 
 
$
353,926

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of materials (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
331,861

 
31,482

 
 
266,495

Warehouse, processing and delivery expense
62,612

 
5,972

 
 
50,314

Sales, general and administrative expense
50,393

 
5,141

 
 
40,766

Restructuring expense

 

 
 
566

Depreciation and amortization expense
6,965

 
502

 
 
10,150

Total costs and expenses
451,831

 
43,097

 
 
368,291

Operating loss
(7,435
)
 
(1,372
)
 
 
(14,365
)
Interest expense, net
24,001

 
1,805

 
 
26,629

Financial restructuring expense

 

 
 
7,024

Unrealized loss on embedded debt conversion option

 

 
 
146

Other (income) expense, net
(7,101
)
 
(2,770
)
 
 
(8,436
)
Reorganization items, net

 
128

 
 
(74,531
)
(Loss) income before income taxes
(24,335
)
 
(535
)
 
 
34,803

Income tax (benefit) expense
(4,026
)
 
286

 
 
(1,387
)
Net (loss) income
$
(20,309
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
36,190

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted (loss) earnings per common share
$
(10.15
)
 
$
(0.41
)
 
 
$
1.12

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(20,309
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
36,190

Change in unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax

 

 
 
9,797

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
(3,013
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
16,142

Comprehensive (loss) income
$
(23,322
)
 
$
(3,183
)
 
 
$
62,129

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Adjusted due to the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, "Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost." See Note 3 - New Accounting Standards, for additional information.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


5


A.M. Castle & Co.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(20,309
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
36,190

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
6,965

 
502

 
 
10,150

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount
5,762

 
73

 
 
3,810

Unrealized loss on embedded debt conversion option

 

 
 
146

Noncash reorganization items, net

 

 
 
(87,107
)
(Gain) loss on sale of property, plant and equipment
(4
)
 

 
 
7

    Unrealized foreign currency gain
(784
)
 
(1,292
)
 
 
(4,439
)
Noncash interest paid in kind
9,755

 
951

 
 

Noncash compensation expense
2,063

 
215

 
 
630

Deferred income taxes
(4,188
)
 

 
 
(953
)
Other, net
463

 
66

 
 
537

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(15,253
)
 
(3,658
)
 
 
(6,061
)
Inventories
(14,324
)
 
(784
)
 
 
(2,703
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
(3,614
)
 
(3,050
)
 
 
(3,100
)
Other noncurrent assets
540

 
567

 
 
1,664

Prepaid pension costs
(2,065
)
 
(168
)
 
 
(849
)
Accounts payable
8,947

 
235

 
 
8,602

Income tax payable and receivable
(83
)
 
174

 
 
(340
)
Accrued and other current liabilities
1,791

 
523

 
 
(6,002
)
Pension and postretirement benefit obligations and other noncurrent liabilities
(287
)
 
(93
)
 
 
(471
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(24,625
)
 
(6,560
)
 
 
(50,289
)
Investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(4,909
)
 
(924
)
 
 
(2,850
)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
53

 
5

 
 
619

Proceeds from release of cash collateralization of letters of credit

 

 
 
7,492

Net cash (used in) from investing activities
(4,856
)
 
(919
)
 
 
5,261

Financing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from long-term debt including credit facilities
45,454

 
8,677

 
 
195,026

Repayments of long-term debt including credit facilities
(17,600
)
 
(25
)
 
 
(175,414
)
Repayments of short-term borrowings, net
(607
)
 
(216
)
 
 
3,797

Payments of debt issue costs
(499
)
 

 
 
(1,831
)
Payments of build-to-suit liability
(897
)
 

 
 
(3,000
)
Net cash from financing activities
25,851

 
8,436

 
 
18,578

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(118
)
 
95

 
 
890

Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(3,748
)
 
1,052

 
 
(25,560
)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
11,104

 
10,064

 
 
35,624

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
$
7,356

 
$
11,116

 
 
$
10,064

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

6


A. M. Castle & Co.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Unaudited - Amounts in thousands except per share data and percentages
(1) Basis of Presentation
As previously disclosed, on June 18, 2017 (the "Petition Date"), A. M. Castle & Co. (the "Company") and four of its subsidiaries (together with the Company, the "Debtors") filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (the "Bankruptcy Code") with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware in Wilmington, Delaware (the "Bankruptcy Court"). Also on June 18, 2017, the Debtors filed the Debtors' Prepackaged Joint Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization with the Bankruptcy Court and on July 25, 2017, the Debtors filed the Debtors' Amended Prepackaged Joint Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization (the "Plan") with the Bankruptcy Court. On August 2, 2017, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order (the "Confirmation Order") confirming the Plan. On August 31, 2017 (the "Effective Date"), the Plan became effective pursuant to its terms and the Debtors emerged from their chapter 11 cases. Refer to Note 2 - Bankruptcy Related Disclosures.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein have been prepared to reflect the application of Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") No. 852, "Reorganizations" and ASC 805, "Business Combinations". Accordingly, the Company adopted fresh-start accounting upon emergence from their chapter 11 cases and became a new entity for financial reporting purposes as of September 1, 2017. For accounting purposes all emergence related transactions of the Predecessor including the impact of the issuance of the Successor common stock, the entry into a new asset-based revolving credit facility and new senior secured convertible notes, and the accelerated debt obligations of the Company that were satisfied pursuant to the terms of the Plan, were recorded as of August 31, 2017. Accordingly, the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the Successor are not comparable to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the Predecessor.
Also in connection with the adoption of fresh-start accounting, the Company elected to make an accounting policy change related to the accounting for stock-based compensation. The Predecessor estimated the level of forfeitures expected to occur at the time of each grant and recorded compensation expense only for those stock-based awards that it ultimately expected would vest. The estimate was based on the Company's historical rates of forfeitures and was updated periodically. The Successor has elected to no longer estimate the number of stock-based awards expected to vest but rather, will account for forfeitures as they occur.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included herein have been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). This report contains Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company as of September 30, 2018 (Successor) and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), for the period from July 1, 2017 to August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), for the period from January 1, 2017 to August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), and for the period from September 1, 2017 to September 30, 2017 (Successor). The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2017 (Successor) is derived from the audited financial statements at that date. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. In the opinion of management, the unaudited statements included herein contain all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of financial results for the interim period. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. The 2018 interim results reported herein may not necessarily be indicative of the results of the Company’s operations for the full year.
(2) Bankruptcy Related Disclosures
Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Filing
On the Petition Date, the Debtors filed voluntary chapter 11 petitions for reorganization under the Bankruptcy Code with the Bankruptcy Court pursuant to the terms of a Restructuring Support Agreement (as defined below) that contemplated the reorganization of the Debtors pursuant to a prepackaged plan of reorganization. The chapter 11 cases were consolidated for procedural purposes only and were administered jointly under the caption In re Keystone Tube Company, LLC., et al. (Case No. 17-11330). No trustee was appointed in the chapter 11 cases, and during the pendency of the chapter 11 cases, the Debtors continued to operate their business as “debtors-in-possession” subject to the supervision and orders of the Bankruptcy Court in accordance with the Bankruptcy Code.

7


The filing of the bankruptcy petitions constituted a default or event of default that accelerated the Company’s obligations under (i) the Pre-Bankruptcy Facilities Agreement (as defined below) and the 11.00% Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Facilities due 2018 issued pursuant thereto (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities"), (ii) the Indenture dated February 8, 2016 (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes Indenture") and the 12.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2018 issued pursuant thereto (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes"), and (iii) the Indenture dated May 19, 2016 (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes Indenture") and the 5.25% Convertible Senior Secured Notes due 2019 issued pursuant thereto (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes"). The Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement, the Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes Indenture, and the Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes Indenture provide that, as a result of the filing of the bankruptcy petitions, all outstanding indebtedness due thereunder shall be immediately due and payable. Any efforts to enforce such payment obligations under the Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement, the Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes Indenture, and the Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes Indenture were automatically stayed as a result of the bankruptcy petitions, and the creditors’ rights of enforcement in respect of the Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement, the Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes Indenture, and the Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes Indenture are subject to the applicable provisions of the Restructuring Support Agreement (as defined below) and the Bankruptcy Code.
Prior to the Petition Date, on June 16, 2017, the Debtors entered into an agreement (the "Commitment Agreement") with certain of their creditors (the "Commitment Parties"). The Commitment Parties are the holders (or the investment advisors or managers for the holders) of the Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facility term loans made to the Company under a Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated December 8, 2016, by and among the Company, Highbridge International Capital Management, LLC, Corre Partners Management, LLC, Whitebox Credit Partners, L.P., WFF Cayman II Limited, and SGF, LLC and Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, among others (as amended, the “Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement").
The Commitment Agreement was entered into pursuant to a Restructuring Support Agreement dated April 6, 2017, as amended, by and among the Debtors and certain of their creditors, including the Commitment Parties (the "RSA"). The RSA provides for a consensual restructuring of the debt and equity of the Company, which the Company seeks to effect by means of the Plan.
The Company continued its operations without interruption during the pendency of the chapter 11 cases and reorganization process. To maintain and continue ordinary course operations without interruption, the Company received approval from the Bankruptcy Court of a variety of “first day” motions seeking certain relief and authorizing the Company to maintain its operations and pay trade claims in the ordinary course.
Plan of Reorganization and Emergence from Chapter 11
Pursuant to the terms of the RSA, on the Petition Date, the Debtors filed the Plan with the Bankruptcy Court.
The Plan allowed general unsecured claims and claims that are unimpaired under the Plan to be paid in full in cash.
On August 2, 2017, the Bankruptcy Court entered the Confirmation Order approving and confirming the Plan. On the Effective Date, the Plan became effective pursuant to the terms described above and the Debtors emerged from their chapter 11 cases.
Key components of the Plan, which became effective on August 31, 2017, include:
Entry into a Revolving Credit and Security Agreement (the "ABL Credit Agreement") dated as of August 31, 2017 with PNC Bank, National Association ("PNC"), as lender and as administrative and collateral agent (the “Agent”), and the other lenders party thereto, which provided for a $125,000 senior secured, revolving credit facility for the Company (the "Revolving A Credit Facility"). Refer to Note 7 - Debt, for further details.
On the Effective Date, in connection with its entering into the ABL Credit Agreement, the Company borrowed an aggregate amount equal to $78,797, proceeds from which, along with proceeds of the New Money Notes (defined below) of $38,002, were used to pay down all outstanding indebtedness, accrued interest, and related fees of the Company under the Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement and the borrowings outstanding under the Debtor-in-Possession Revolving Credit and Security Agreement dated as of June 10, 2017 (the "DIP facility").
Entry into an Indenture (the “Second Lien Notes Indenture”) with Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as trustee and collateral agent (“Indenture Agent”) and, pursuant thereto, issued approximately $162,502 in aggregate original principal amount of its 5.00% / 7.00% Convertible Senior Secured Paid-in-Kind ("PIK")

8


Toggle Notes due 2022 (the “Second Lien Notes”), excluding restricted notes issued under the A.M. Castle & Co. 2017 Management Incentive Plan.
The Second Lien Notes were issued as follows:
$111,875 in aggregate principal Second Lien Notes issued to holders of Prepetition Second Lien Secured Claims in partial satisfaction of their claims;
$3,125 in aggregate principal Second Lien Notes issued to holders of Prepetition Third Lien Secured Claims in partial satisfaction of their claims; and
$47,502 in aggregate principal Second Lien Notes issued to the Commitment Parties pursuant to the Commitment Agreement (the "New Money Notes").
As a result of these Plan actions, all of the outstanding indebtedness of the Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes and Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes was discharged and canceled.
Issuance of an aggregate of 2,000 shares of a new class of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the "New Common Stock"), as follows:
1,300 shares issued to holders of Prepetition Second Lien Secured Claims in partial satisfaction of their claims;
300 shares issued to holders of Prepetition Third Lien Secured Claims in partial satisfaction of their claims; and
400 shares issued to participating holders of the Company's outstanding common stock as of August 2, 2017.
Payment in full of all general unsecured claims and claims that were unimpaired under the Plan in cash in the ordinary course of business.
Cash payment of $6,646 to holders of Prepetition Second Lien Secured Claims.
Cash payment of a put option fee of $2,000 to the Commitment Parties pursuant to the Commitment Agreement.
All agreements, instruments, and other documents evidencing, relating to or connected with any equity interests of the Company (which include the Company's prior common stock, warrants to purchase the Company’s prior common stock, and unvested/unexercised awards under any management equity plans adopted before the Effective Date) were canceled and extinguished without recovery.
All prior director, officer and employee incentive plans, as well as the awards issued thereunder, were canceled. The new A.M. Castle & Co. 2017 Management Incentive Plan, under which persons eligible to receive awards including directors, officers and employees of the Company and its subsidiaries, became effective.    
Financial Reporting During Bankruptcy
During the pendency of the Company's chapter 11 cases, expenses and income directly associated with the chapter 11 proceedings were reported separately in reorganization items, net in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income. Reorganization items, net also include adjustments to reflect the carrying value of liabilities subject to compromise ("LSTC") at their estimated allowed claim amounts, as such adjustments were determined. In addition, effective as of the Petition Date and during the pendency of the Company's chapter 11 cases, the Company discontinued recording interest expense on outstanding prepetition debt classified as LSTC. Upon the Company's emergence from its chapter 11 cases, the Company settled and extinguished or reinstated liabilities that were subject to compromise.

9


Reorganization Items, Net
The following table presents reorganization items incurred in the periods after the Effective Date, as reported in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
June 18, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
Gain on extinguishment of debt

 
 
(89,989
)
 
(89,989
)
Gain on fresh-start revaluation

 
 
(16,566
)
 
(16,566
)
Write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts

 
 
5,412

 
10,262

Prepayment of penalties and debt-related fees

 
 
13,191

 
13,191

Professional fees
128

 
 
6,690

 
7,342

Key employee incentive plan

 
 
1,229

 
1,229

Reorganization items, net
128

 
 
(80,033
)
 
(74,531
)
For the period from June 18, 2017 through August 31, 2017, the cash reorganization items included approximately $8,571 of professional fees and employee incentives and $3,673 of debt issuance and repayment costs. Cash reorganization items included approximately $128 for professional fees for the period from September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor). The cash outflow is included in net cash provided by operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the periods presented.
Fresh-Start Accounting
Under ASC No. 852, "Reorganizations", fresh-start accounting is required upon emergence from chapter 11 if (i) the reorganization value of the assets of the emerging entity immediately before the date of confirmation is less than the total of all post-petition liabilities and allowed claims; and (ii) holders of existing voting shares immediately before confirmation receive less than 50% of the voting shares of the emerging entity. The Company qualified for and adopted fresh-start accounting as of the Effective Date. Adopting fresh-start accounting results in a new reporting entity with no beginning retained earnings or deficits. The cancellation of all existing common shares outstanding on the Effective Date and issuance of new shares of the reorganized entity resulted in a change of control of the Company under ASC No. 852 "Reorganizations".
Adoption of fresh-start accounting resulted in the Company becoming a new entity for financial reporting purposes and the recording of the Company’s assets and liabilities at their fair value as of the Effective Date, with the excess of reorganization value over net asset values recorded as goodwill, in conformity with ASC No. 805, "Business Combinations". The estimated fair values of the Company’s assets and liabilities as of that date differed from the recorded values of its assets and liabilities as reflected in its historical consolidated financial statements. In addition, the Company’s adoption of fresh-start accounting affected its results of operations following the fresh-start reporting date, as the Company had a new basis in its assets and liabilities. The Company also adopted one new accounting policy in connection with its adoption of fresh-start accounting (see Note 1 - Basis of Presentation). Consequently, the Company’s financial statements on or after the Effective Date are not comparable with the financial statements prior to that date and the historical financial statements before the Effective Date are not reliable indicators of its financial condition and results of operations for any period after it adopted fresh-start accounting.
(3) New Accounting Standards
Standards Updates Adopted
In March 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2017-07, "Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost." Under the new guidance, employers must present the service cost component of the net periodic benefit cost in the same income statement line item(s) as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. In addition, only the service cost component will be eligible for capitalization in assets. The other components of net periodic benefit cost must be reported separately from the line item(s) that includes the service cost component and outside of any subtotal of operating income, if one is presented. Employers will have to disclose the line(s) used to present the other components of net periodic benefit cost, if the components are not presented

10


separately in the income statement. The guidance on the income statement presentation of the components of net periodic benefit cost must be applied retrospectively, while the guidance limiting the capitalization of net periodic benefit cost in assets to the service cost component must be applied prospectively. For public business entities, the guidance was effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The Company adopted ASU 2017-07 in the first quarter of 2018 and concluded it had no impact on its net loss before income taxes. Prior to the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, the Company's net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs were reported as sales, general and administrative expense on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income. As a result of the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, the Company reclassified the interest cost component of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $397 from sales, general and administrative expense to interest expense and a net periodic pension and postretirement benefit of $692 from sales, general and administrative expense to other expense (income), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor). The Company reclassified the interest cost component of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $806 from sales, general and administrative expense to interest expense and a net periodic pension and postretirement benefit of $1,213 from sales, general and administrative expense to other expense (income), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) and the interest cost component of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $3,227 from sales, general and administrative expense to interest expense and a net periodic pension and postretirement benefit of $4,854 from sales, general and administrative expense to other expense (income), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income in the period January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, "Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350)", which simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual and interim impairment tests beginning January 1, 2020 for the Company and is required to be adopted using a prospective approach. Early adoption is allowed for annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. Unless an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying value, the Company's annual goodwill impairment testing will next occur on December 1, 2018. The Company adopted the new guidance in the first quarter of 2018 and as a result, will no longer apply step two from the goodwill impairment test when performing its annual or interim goodwill impairment testing, if necessary.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, "Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments," to reduce the existing diversity in practice related to how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows under Topic 230. The amendments in ASU No. 2016-15 address eight specific cash flow issues and apply to all entities that are required to present a statement of cash flows under Topic 230. The provisions of ASU No. 2016-15 must be applied retrospectively to all periods presented with limited exceptions. For public companies, the amendments in ASU No. 2016-15 were effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The Company's adoption of ASU No. 2016-15 on January 1, 2018 had no financial statement impact and the Company will apply the presentation and statement of cash flows classification guidance going forward.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)" and has subsequently issued several supplemental and/or clarifying ASUs (collectively, "ASC 606"). The underlying principle of ASC 606 is that a business or other organization will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects what it expects in exchange for the goods or services. The standard also requires more detailed disclosures and provides additional guidance for transactions that were not addressed completely in prior accounting guidance. Adoption of ASC 606 was required for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Almost all of the Company’s purchase orders, contracts or purchase agreements do not contain performance obligations other than delivery of the agreed upon product, with title transfer generally occurring at the time of shipment. Thus, the Company generally recognizes revenue upon shipment of the product. Based on the Company's analysis of all of its revenue generating activities and the contracts which might impact its revenue generating activities in light of the new standard, the Company has concluded that the timing and amount of revenue recognized under ASC 606 is consistent with the revenue recognition policy under the previous guidance and none of its revenue streams are materially affected by the adoption of ASC 606.
Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the requirements of ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method, which requires the recognition of the cumulative effect of initially applying the standard (if any) as an adjustment to opening retained earnings for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2018. The adoption of ASC 606 did not result in the recognition of a cumulative adjustment to opening retained earnings under the modified retrospective approach, nor

11


did it have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. The adoption of ASC 606 did result in the addition of required disclosures within the notes to the financial statements and the modification of certain significant accounting policies, as disclosed in Note 4 - Revenue.
Standards Updates Issued Not Yet Effective
In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement.” ASU No. 2018-13 amends Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) to add, remove, and modify fair value measurement disclosure requirements. The ASU’s changes to disclosures aim to improve the effectiveness of Topic 820's disclosure requirements under the aforementioned FASB disclosure framework project. ASU No. 2018-13 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within the year of adoption. Early adoption is permitted for any eliminated or modified disclosures prescribed by the ASU. The Company will adopt the disclosure requirements of ASU No. 2018-13 in fiscal year 2020.
Also in August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14, “Compensation – Retirement Benefits – Defined Benefit Plans - General (Topic 715-20): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plan.” ASU No. 2018-14 amends Compensation - Retirement Benefits (Topic 715) to add or remove certain disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. The ASU’s changes to disclosures aim to improve the effectiveness of Topic 715's disclosure requirements under the FASB’s disclosure framework project. ASU No. 2018-14 is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. ASU No. 2018-14 does not impact the interim disclosure requirements of Topic 715. Early adoption is permitted. The Company will adopt the disclosure requirements of this new guidance in fiscal year 2021.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," which requires that lessees recognize assets and liabilities for leases with lease terms greater than twelve months in the statement of financial position. ASU No. 2016-02 also requires additional disclosures to help users of financial statements better understand the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The provisions of ASU No. 2016-02 are to be applied using a modified retrospective approach, and are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period.
ASU No. 2016-02 is effective for the Company on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. An entity may choose to use either (1) its effective date or (2) the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. If an entity chooses the second option, the transition requirements for existing leases also apply to leases entered into between the date of initial application and the effective date. The entity must also recast its comparative period financial statements and provide the disclosures required by the new standard for the comparative periods. The Company expects to adopt ASU No. 2016-02 on January 1, 2019 and use the effective date as its date of initial application. Consequently, financial information will not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided for dates and periods before January 1, 2019.
The Company expects that the adoption of this standard will have a material effect on its financial statements. While it continues to assess all of the effects of adoption, the Company currently believes the most significant effects relate to (1) the recognition of new right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet for its real estate operating leases; (2) the derecognition of existing assets and liabilities for certain sale-leaseback transactions that currently do not qualify for sale accounting, including those arising from build-to-suit lease arrangements for which construction is complete and the Company is leasing the constructed asset; and (3) providing significant new disclosures about the Company's leasing activities. The Company does not expect a significant change its leasing activities between now and adoption.
(4) Revenue
Adoption of ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method in which the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard was applied to contracts not completed as of that date. The adoption of Topic 606 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
Revenue from the sale of products is recognized when the earnings process is complete and when the title and risk and rewards of ownership have passed to the customer, which is primarily at the time of shipment. Revenue recognized other than at the time of shipment represented less than 2% of the Company’s consolidated net sales in the three and

12


nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor), in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), and in the period January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), respectively. Customer payment terms are established prior to the time of shipment. Provisions for allowances related to sales discounts and rebates are recorded based on terms of the sale in the period that the sale is recorded. The Company utilizes historical information and the current sales trends of the business to estimate such provisions. The provisions related to discounts and rebates due to customers are recorded as a reduction within net sales in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income.
Revenue from shipping and handling charges is recorded in net sales. Costs incurred in connection with shipping and handling the Company’s products, which are related to third-party carriers or performed by Company personnel, are included in warehouse, processing and delivery expenses. In the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), shipping and handling costs included in warehouse, processing and delivery expenses were $6,662 and $20,267, respectively. In the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor), in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), and in the period January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), shipping and handling costs included in warehouse, processing and delivery expenses were $1,962, $4,432, and $16,292, respectively. As a practical expedient under ASC 606, the Company has elected to account for shipping and handling activities as fulfillment costs and not a promised good or service. As a result, there is no change to the Company's accounting for revenue from shipping and handling charges under ASC 606.
The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts related to the potential inability of customers to make required payments. The allowance for doubtful accounts is maintained at a level considered appropriate based on historical experience and specific identification of customer receivable balances for which collection is unlikely. The provision for doubtful accounts is recorded in sales, general and administrative expense in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income. Estimates of doubtful accounts are based on historical write-off experience as a percentage of net sales and judgments about the probable effects of economic conditions on certain customers.
The Company also maintains an allowance for credit memos for estimated credit memos to be issued against current sales. Estimates of allowance for credit memos are based upon the application of a historical issuance lag period to the average credit memos issued each month.
Accounts receivable allowance for doubtful accounts and credit memos activity is presented in the tables below:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
$
1,678

 
$

 
 
$
1,766

Add Provision charged to expense(a)
(139
)
 
493

 
 
(46
)
Recoveries
10

 
12

 
 

Less Charges against allowance
(449
)
 
(83
)
 
 
(32
)
Fresh-start accounting adjustment

 

 
 
(1,688
)
Balance, end of period
$
1,100

 
$
422

 
 
$

(a) Includes the net amount of credit memos reserved and issued.
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Balance, beginning of period
$
1,586

 
$

 
 
$
1,945

Add Provision charged to expense(a)
34

 
493

 
 
34

Recoveries
36

 
12

 
 
25

Less Charges against allowance
(556
)
 
(83
)
 
 
(316
)
Fresh-start accounting adjustment

 

 
 
(1,688
)
Balance, end of period
$
1,100

 
$
422

 
 
$

(a) Includes the net amount of credit memos reserved and issued.

13


The Company operates primarily in North America. Net sales are attributed to countries based on the location of the Company’s subsidiary that is selling direct to the customer and exclude assessed taxes such as sales and excise tax. Company-wide geographic data is as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
97,679

 
$
26,646

 
 
$
54,641

Canada
11,402

 
3,100

 
 
6,248

Mexico
16,767

 
5,212

 
 
8,659

France
11,944

 
3,763

 
 
5,439

All other countries
10,317

 
3,004

 
 
6,531

Total
$
148,109

 
$
41,725

 
 
$
81,518

 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
289,178

 
$
26,646

 
 
$
222,186

Canada
35,677

 
3,100

 
 
26,897

Mexico
48,305

 
5,212

 
 
37,418

France
38,981

 
3,763

 
 
25,216

All other countries
32,255

 
3,004

 
 
42,209

Total
$
444,396

 
$
41,725

 
 
$
353,926


The Company does not incur significant incremental costs when obtaining customer contracts and any costs that are incurred are generally not recoverable from its customers. Substantially all of the Company's customer contracts are for a duration of less than one year. As a practical expedient under ASC 606, the Company has elected to continue to recognize incremental costs of obtaining a contract, if any, as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the asset would have been one year or less. The Company does not have any costs to obtain a contract that are capitalized under ASC 606.
(5) (Loss) Earnings Per Share
Diluted (loss) earnings per common share is computed by dividing net (loss) income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus outstanding common stock equivalents. Common stock equivalents consist of employee and director stock options (Predecessor), restricted stock awards (Predecessor and Successor), other share-based payment awards (Predecessor), contingently issuable shares related to the Company’s 5.25% Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes (Predecessor), and the Company's Second Lien Notes (Successor), which are included in the calculation of weighted average shares outstanding using the if-converted method. Refer to Note 7 - Debt for further description of the Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes and Second Lien Notes.

14


The following tables are reconciliations of the basic and diluted (loss) earnings per common share calculations:
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(6,655
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
72,223

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
2,000

 
2,000

 
 
31,790

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding common stock equivalents

 

 
 

Denominator for diluted (loss) earnings per common share
2,000

 
2,000

 
 
31,790

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic (loss) earnings per common share
$
(3.33
)
 
$
(0.41
)
 
 
$
2.27

Diluted (loss) earnings per common share
$
(3.33
)
 
$
(0.41
)
 
 
$
2.27

Excluded outstanding share-based awards having an anti-dilutive effect
1,803

 
1,734

 
 


 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(20,309
)
 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
36,190

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
2,000

 
2,000

 
 
32,174

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outstanding common stock equivalents

 

 
 

Denominator for diluted (loss) earnings per common share
2,000

 
2,000

 
 
32,174

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic (loss) earnings per common share
$
(10.15
)
 
$
(0.41
)
 
 
$
1.12

Diluted (loss) earnings per common share
$
(10.15
)
 
$
(0.41
)
 
 
$
1.12

Excluded outstanding share-based awards having an anti-dilutive effect
1,803

 
1,734

 
 


The computation of diluted loss per common share does not include common shares issuable upon conversion of the Company’s outstanding Second Lien Notes (Successor) or the 5.25% Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes (Predecessor), as they were anti-dilutive under the if-converted method.
The Second Lien Notes (Successor) are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at any time at the initial conversion price of $3.77 per share. In future periods, absent a fundamental change (as defined in the Second Lien Notes Indenture), the outstanding Second Lien Notes could increase diluted average shares outstanding by a maximum of approximately 43,700 shares.
(6) Goodwill and Intangible Asset
In connection with the Company’s adoption of fresh-start accounting on the Effective Date, the Company recorded $2,675 of goodwill representing the excess of reorganization value over the fair value of identifiable tangible and intangible assets. The goodwill is not tax deductible. There were no changes in the amount of goodwill recognized in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor). Also as part of fresh-start accounting, the Company recorded an intangible asset comprised of the indefinite-lived trade name of the Successor, which is not subject to

15


amortization. The gross carrying value of the trade name intangible asset was $5,500 at both September 30, 2018 (Successor) and December 31, 2017 (Successor).
The Company will test both its goodwill and intangible asset for impairment on an annual basis and more often if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying value.
 
 
(7) Debt
Long-term debt consisted of the following:
 
 
Successor
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
LONG-TERM DEBT
 
 
 
5.00% / 7.00% Second Lien Notes due August 31, 2022
$
177,783

 
$
168,767

Floating rate Revolving A Credit Facility due February 28, 2022
110,988

 
101,047

12.00% Revolving B Credit Facility due February 28, 2022
18,738

 

Other, primarily capital leases
208

 
288

Less: unvested restricted Second Lien Notes(a)
(1,570
)
 
(2,144
)
Less: unamortized discount
(65,665
)
 
(67,937
)
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs
(455
)
 

Total long-term debt
240,027

 
200,021

Less: current portion of long-term debt
119

 
118

Total long-term portion
$
239,908

 
$
199,903

(a) Represents unvested portion of $2,400 of restricted Second Lien Notes issued to certain members of management (see Note 10 - Share-based compensation).
Credit Facilities
Pursuant to the Plan, on the Effective Date, the Successor entered into the Revolving Credit and Security Agreement dated as of August 31, 2017 (the "ABL Credit Agreement"), which provided a $125,000 senior secured, revolving credit facility under which the Company and four of its subsidiaries each are borrowers (collectively, in such capacity, the “Borrowers”). The obligations of the Borrowers have been guaranteed by the subsidiaries of the Company named therein as guarantors.
On June 1, 2018, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 1 to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement (the “Credit Agreement Amendment”) by and among the Company, the Borrowers and guarantors party thereto and the Agent and the lenders party thereto, which amended the ABL Credit Agreement (as amended by the Credit Agreement Amendment, the “Expanded ABL Credit Agreement”) to provide for additional borrowing capacity.
The Expanded ABL Credit Agreement provides for an additional $25,000 last out Revolving B Credit Facility (the "Revolving B Credit Facility" and together with the Revolving A Credit Facility, the "Expanded Credit Facility") made available in part by way of a participation in the Revolving B Credit Facility by certain of the Company’s shareholders. Borrowings under the Expanded Credit Facility will mature on February 28, 2022.
Subject to certain exceptions and permitted encumbrances, the obligations under the Expanded Credit Facility are secured by a first priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of each of the Borrowers and certain of their foreign subsidiaries. The proceeds of the advances under the Expanded Credit Facility may only be used to (i) pay certain fees and expenses to the Agent and the lenders under the Expanded Credit Facility, (ii) provide for Borrowers' working capital needs and reimburse drawings under letters of credit, (iii) repay the obligations under the Debtor-in-Possession Revolving Credit and Security Agreement dated as of July 10, 2017, by and among the Company, the lenders party thereto, and PNC, and certain other existing indebtedness, and (iv) provide for the Borrowers' capital expenditure needs, in accordance with the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement.

16


The Company may prepay its obligations under the Expanded Credit Facility at any time without premium or penalty, and must apply the net proceeds of material sales of collateral in prepayment of such obligations. Payments made must be applied to the Company's obligations under the Revolving A Credit Facility, if any, prior to its obligations under the Revolving B Credit Facility. In connection with an early termination or permanent reduction of the Revolving A Credit Facility prior to June 1, 2020, a 0.50% fee shall be due for the period from June 1, 2018 through May 31, 2019 and 0.25% for the period from June 1, 2019 through May 31, 2020, in each case on the amount of such commitment reduction, subject to reduction as set forth in the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement. Indebtedness for borrowings under the Expanded Credit Facility is subject to acceleration upon the occurrence of specified defaults or events of default, including failure to pay principal or interest, the inaccuracy of any representation or warranty of a loan party, failure by a loan party to perform certain covenants, defaults under indebtedness owed to third parties, certain liability producing events relating to ERISA, the invalidity or impairment of the Agent’s lien on its collateral or of any applicable guarantee, and certain adverse bankruptcy-related and other events.
Interest on indebtedness under the Revolving A Credit Facility accrues at a variable rate based on a grid with the highest interest rate being the applicable LIBOR-based rate plus a margin of 3.0%, as set forth in the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement. Interest on indebtedness under the Revolving B Credit Facility accrues at a rate of 12.0% per annum, which will be paid in kind unless the Company elects to pay such interest in cash and the Revolving B payment conditions specified in the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement are satisfied. Additionally, the Company must pay a monthly facility fee equal to the product of (i) 0.25% per annum (or, if the average daily revolving facility usage is less than 50% of the maximum revolving advance amount of the Expanded Credit Facility, 0.375% per annum) multiplied by (ii) the amount by which the maximum advance amount of the Expanded Credit Facility exceeds such average daily Expanded Credit Facility usage for such month. Interest expense related to the Revolving B Credit Facility of $558 and $738 was paid in kind in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), respectively.
The weighted average interest rate on outstanding borrowings under the Revolving A Credit Facility for the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) was 5.21% and 4.74%, respectively, and the weighted average facility fee for both periods was 0.25%. The Company pays certain customary recurring fees with respect to the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement.
The Expanded ABL Credit Agreement includes negative covenants customary for an asset-based revolving loan. Such covenants include limitations on the ability of the Borrowers to, among other things, (i) effect mergers and consolidations, (ii) sell assets, (iii) create or suffer to exist any lien, (iv) make certain investments, (v) incur debt and (vi) transact with affiliates. In addition, the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement includes customary affirmative covenants for an asset-based revolving loan, including covenants regarding the delivery of financial statements, reports and notices to the Agent. The Expanded ABL Credit Agreement also contains customary representations and warranties and event of default provisions for a secured term loan.
The Company's Expanded ABL Credit Agreement contains a springing financial maintenance covenant requiring the Company to maintain a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio of 1.0 to 1.0 in any covenant testing period when the Company's cash liquidity (as defined in the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement) is less than $12,500. The Company is not in a covenant testing period as of September 30, 2018 (Successor).
Unamortized debt issuance costs of $455 associated with the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement were recorded as a reduction in long-term debt as of September 30, 2018 (Successor).
Second Lien Notes
Pursuant to the Plan, on the Effective Date, the Company entered into a Second Lien Notes Indenture with Wilmington Savings Fund Society, FSB, as trustee and collateral agent (“Indenture Agent”) and, pursuant thereto, issued approximately $164,902 in aggregate original principal amount of its Second Lien Notes, including $2,400 of restricted Second Lien Notes issued to certain members of management (see Note 10 - Share-based compensation).
The Second Lien Notes are five year senior obligations of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, secured by a lien on all or substantially all of the assets of the Company, its domestic subsidiaries and certain of its foreign subsidiaries, which lien the Indenture Agent has agreed will be junior to the lien of the Agent under the Expanded ABL Credit Agreement.
The Second Lien Notes are convertible into shares of the Company’s New Common Stock at any time at the initial conversion price of $3.77 per share, which rate is subject to adjustment as set forth in the Second Lien Notes Indenture. The value of shares of the Company’s New Common Stock for purposes of the settlement of the conversion right will be calculated as provided in the Second Lien Notes Indenture, using a 20 trading day observation period. Upon

17


conversion, the Company will pay and/or deliver, as the case may be, cash, shares of the Company’s New Common Stock or a combination of cash and shares of the Company’s New Common Stock, at the Company’s election, together with cash in lieu of fractional shares.
Under the Second Lien Notes Indenture, in a conversion of the Second Lien Notes in connection with a “Fundamental Change” (as defined in the Second Lien Notes Indenture), for each $1.00 principal amount of the Second Lien Notes, that number of shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon conversion shall equal the greater of (a) $1.00 divided by the then applicable conversion price and (b) $1.00 divided by the stock price with respect to such Fundamental Change, subject to other provisions of the Second Lien Notes Indenture. Subject to certain exceptions, under the Second Lien Notes Indenture a “Fundamental Change” includes, but is not limited to, the following: the acquisition of more than 50% of the voting power of the Company’s common equity by a “person” or “group” within the meaning of Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the consummation of any recapitalization, reclassification, share exchange, consolidation or merger of the Company pursuant to which the Company’s common stock will be converted into cash, securities or other property, the “Continuing Directors” (as defined in the Second Lien Notes Indenture) cease to constitute at least a majority of the board of directors, and the approval of any plan or proposal for the liquidation or dissolution of the Company by the Company’s stockholders.
The Second Lien Notes are guaranteed, jointly and severally, by certain subsidiaries of the Company. The Second Lien Notes and the related guarantees are secured by a lien on substantially all of the Company’s and the guarantors’ assets, subject to certain exceptions pursuant to certain collateral documents pursuant to the Second Lien Notes Indenture. The terms of the Second Lien Notes contain numerous covenants imposing financial and operating restrictions on the Company’s business. These covenants place restrictions on the Company’s ability and the ability of its subsidiaries to, among other things, pay dividends, redeem stock or make other distributions or restricted payments; incur indebtedness or issue certain stock; make certain investments; create liens; agree to certain payment restrictions affecting certain subsidiaries; sell or otherwise transfer or dispose assets; enter into transactions with affiliates; and enter into sale and leaseback transactions.
The Second Lien Notes may not be redeemed by the Company in whole or in part at any time, subject to certain exceptions provided under the Second Lien Notes Indenture. In addition, if a Fundamental Change occurs at any time, each holder of any Second Lien Notes has the right to require the Company to repurchase such holder’s Second Lien Notes for cash at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof, together with accrued and unpaid interest thereon, subject to certain exceptions.
The Company must use the excess proceeds of material sales of collateral to make an offer of repurchase to holders of the Second Lien Notes. Indebtedness for borrowings under the Second Lien Notes Indenture is subject to acceleration upon the occurrence of specified defaults or events of default, including failure to pay principal or interest, the inaccuracy of any representation or warranty of any obligor under the Second Lien Notes, failure by an obligor under the Second Lien Notes to perform certain covenants, the invalidity or impairment of the Indenture Agent’s lien on its collateral or of any applicable guarantee, and certain adverse bankruptcy-related and other events.
Interest on the Second Lien Notes accrues at the rate of 5.00% if paid in cash and at the rate of 7.00% if paid in kind. Pursuant to the terms of the Second Lien Notes Indenture, the Company is currently paying interest on the Second Lien Notes in kind. Interest expense related to the Second Lien Notes of $3,058 and $9,017 was paid in kind in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), respectively, and $951 was paid in kind in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor).
Short-term borrowings
The Company's French subsidiary is party to a local credit facility under which it may borrow against 100% of the eligible accounts receivable factored, with recourse, up to 6,500 Euros. The French subsidiary is charged a factoring fee of 0.16% of the gross amount of accounts receivable factored. Local currency borrowings on the French subsidiary's credit facility are charged interest at the daily 3-months Euribor rate plus a 1.0% margin and U.S dollar borrowings on the credit facility are 3-months LIBOR plus a 1.0% margin. The French subsidiary utilizes the local credit facility to support its operating cash needs. As of September 30, 2018 (Successor), the French subsidiary has borrowings of $5,069 under the credit facility.

18


(8) Fair Value Measurements
The three-tier value hierarchy the Company utilizes, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies, is:
Level 1—Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets.
Level 2—Valuations based on observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3—Valuations based on unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants.
The fair value of cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying values. The fair value of cash equivalents are determined using the fair value hierarchy described above.
The Company’s pension plan asset portfolio as of September 30, 2018 (Successor) and December 31, 2017 (Successor) is primarily invested in fixed income securities, which generally fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. Fixed income securities are valued based on evaluated prices provided to the trustee by independent pricing services. Such prices may be determined by various factors which include, but are not limited to, market quotations, yields, maturities, call features, ratings, institutional size trading in similar groups of securities and developments related to specific securities.
As the Credit Agreement Amendment was entered into on June 1, 2018, and based on the terms of the Credit Agreement Amendment, the Company has determined the fair value of its borrowings under the Revolving B Credit Facility approximated its carrying value of $18,738 as of September 30, 2018 (Successor).
As of September 30, 2018 (Successor), the fair value of the Company's Second Lien Notes, including the conversion option, was estimated to be $169,694 compared to a carrying value of $177,783. The fair value of the Second Lien Notes, including the conversion option falls within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, was determined using a binomial lattice model using assumptions based on market information and historical data, and a review of prices and terms available for similar debt instruments that do not contain a conversion feature, as well as other factors related to the callable nature of the Second Lien Notes.
The following valuation assumptions were used in determining the fair value of the Second Lien Notes, including the conversion option, as of September 30, 2018 (Successor):
Risk-free interest rate
2.16
%
Credit spreads
13.93
%
PIK premium spread
2.00
%
Volatility
50.00
%
Given the nature and the variable interest rates, the fair value of borrowings under the Revolving A Credit Facility and the French subsidiary's foreign line of credit approximated their carrying value as of September 30, 2018 (Successor).
(9) Stockholders’ Equity
Accumulated Comprehensive (Loss) Income
The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss are as follows:
 
Successor
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax
$
34

 
$
34

Foreign currency translation losses, net of tax
(5,716
)
 
(2,703
)
Total accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(5,682
)
 
$
(2,669
)

19


Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) are as follows:
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Items
 
Foreign Currency Items
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning Balance
$
34

 
$

 
 
$
(9,369
)
 
$
(4,702
)
 
$

 
 
$
(17,827
)
 
$
(4,668
)
 
$

 
 
$
(27,196
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications, net of tax

 

 
 

 
(1,014
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
2,070

 
(1,014
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
2,070

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax (a)

 

 
 
(1,436
)
 

 

 
 

 

 

 
 
(1,436
)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 
 
(1,436
)
 
(1,014
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
2,070

 
(1,014
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
634

Adjustment for fresh-start accounting(b)

 

 
 
10,805

 

 

 
 
15,757

 

 

 
 
26,562

Ending Balance
$
34

 
$

 
 
$

 
$
(5,716
)
 
$
(2,362
)
 
 
$

 
$
(5,682
)
 
$
(2,362
)
 
 
$

(a) See reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss table below for details of reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).
Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) are as follows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined Benefit Pension and Postretirement Items
 
Foreign Currency Items
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning Balance
$
34

 
$

 
 
$
(9,797
)
 
$
(2,703
)
 
$

 
 
$
(16,142
)
 
$
(2,669
)
 
$

 
 
$
(25,939
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications, net of tax

 

 
 

 
(3,013
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
385

 
(3,013
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
385

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax (a)

 

 
 
(1,008
)
 

 

 
 

 

 

 
 
(1,008
)
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 
 
(1,008
)
 
(3,013
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
385

 
(3,013
)
 
(2,362
)
 
 
(623
)
Adjustment for fresh-start accounting(b)

 

 
 
10,805

 

 

 
 
15,757

 

 

 
 
26,562

Ending Balance
$
34

 
$

 
 
$

 
$
(5,716
)
 
$
(2,362
)
 
 
$

 
$
(5,682
)
 
$
(2,362
)
 
 
$

(a) See reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss table below for details of reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).


20


Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss are as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service cost (a)
$

 
$

 
 
$
(33
)
Actuarial gain (loss) (a)

 

 
 
1,326

Total before tax

 

 
 
1,293

Tax effect

 

 
 
143

Total reclassifications for the period, net of tax
$

 
$

 
 
$
1,436

(a) These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit cost included in other expense (income), net.
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit items:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service cost (a)
$

 
$

 
 
$
(133
)
Actuarial gain (loss) (a)

 

 
 
998

Total before tax

 

 
 
865

Tax effect

 

 
 
143

Total reclassifications for the period, net of tax
$

 
$

 
 
$
1,008

(a) These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit cost included in other expense (income), net.
(10) Share-based Compensation
On the Effective Date, pursuant to the operation of the Plan, the A.M. Castle & Co. 2017 Management Incentive Plan (the “MIP”) became effective.
Restricted Shares
Pursuant to the Plan, on September 1, 2017, 1,734 shares, together with an aggregate original principal amount of $2,400 of Second Lien Notes (the "Restricted Notes") convertible into an additional 638 shares of new common stock as of the Effective Date, were issued as awards of restricted shares of the Company's common stock (the "Restricted Shares") under the MIP to certain officers of the Company.
The Restricted Shares issued on September 1, 2017 and Restricted Notes cliff vest three years from the date of grant, subject to the conditions set forth in the MIP. The grant date fair value of the Restricted Shares issued on September 1, 2017 of $3.14 per share was based on the value of the common stock of the Successor company as calculated on the Effective Date pursuant to the Plan.
On April 25, 2018, the Company issued 69 Restricted Shares to certain members of the Company's Board of Directors under the MIP. The Restricted Shares issued on April 25, 2018 cliff vest one year from the date of grant, subject to the conditions set forth in the MIP. The grant date fair value of the Restricted Shares issued on April 25, 2018 of $4.35 per share was based on the market price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant.
 
 
 
 
Performance Share Units
On September 10, 2018, the Company granted 644 performance share units ("PSUs") under the MIP to senior level managers and other select personnel. The PSUs contain a performance-based condition tied to the enterprise value of the Company. Each PSU that becomes vested entitles the participant to receive one share of the Company's common stock. Vesting occurs upon achievement of a defined enterprise value of the Company, with 50% vesting

21


upon achievement of the defined enterprise value between the performance period September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2022 and 100% vesting upon the achievement of the defined enterprise value as a result of a specified transaction, as defined in the PSU agreement, on or before September 30, 2022. At the discretion of the Company's Board of Directors, payment can be made in stock, cash, or a combination of both.
Compensation expense recognized related to the PSUs is based on management’s expectation of future performance compared to the pre-established performance goals. If the performance goals are not expected to be met, no compensation expense is recognized and any previously recognized compensation expense is reversed. As of September 30, 2018 (Successor), no expense was recognized for these awards to date as the threshold for expense recognition for the performance-based condition was not met.
As of September 30, 2018 (Successor), the unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to unvested Restricted Shares was $3,655 and the remaining unrecognized compensation cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.9 years. As discussed in Note 1 - Basis of Presentation, the Successor has elected to account for forfeitures as they occur.
As of September 30, 2018 (Successor), the unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to the Restricted Notes issued to certain officers of the Company was $1,469 and is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.9 years. The Company will recognize this expense on a straight-line basis over the three-year vesting period using the fair value at the issue date, $2,300.
(11) Employee Benefit Plans
Components of the net periodic pension and postretirement benefit cost are as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
117

 
$
38

 
 
$
71

Interest cost
1,225

 
397

 
 
806

Expected return on assets
(1,971
)
 
(692
)
 
 
(1,356
)
Amortization of prior service cost

 

 
 
33

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 
 
110

Net periodic pension and postretirement benefit credit
$
(629
)
 
$
(257
)
 
 
$
(336
)
Contributions paid
$

 
$
213

 
 
$


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
Through
September 30, 2017
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
351

 
$
38

 
 
$
282

Interest cost
3,675

 
397

 
 
3,227

Expected return on assets
(5,913
)
 
(692
)
 
 
(5,425
)
Amortization of prior service cost

 

 
 
133

Amortization of actuarial loss

 

 
 
438

Net periodic pension and postretirement benefit credit
$
(1,887
)
 
$
(257
)
 
 
$
(1,345
)
Contributions paid
$

 
$
213

 
 
$
356

The Company anticipates making no additional cash contributions to its pension plans in the remainder of 2018.
In the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2017-07, which requires that all net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs, with the exception of service costs, be included as a component of non-operating income on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income. Prior to the adoption of ASU 2017-07, the Company reported net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs as a component of sales, general and administrative expense. As a result of the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, the Company included the interest cost component of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $1,225 in interest

22


expense and the expected return on assets component net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $1,971 in other expense (income), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and included the interest cost component of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $3,675 in interest expense and the expected return on assets component net periodic pension and postretirement benefit costs of $5,913 in other expense (income), net on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor). Prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (see Note 3 - New Accounting Standards).
The Company was party to a multi-employer pension plan. In connection with the April 2015 restructuring plan, which is now complete, the Company stated its intention to withdraw from the multi-employer pension plan. At September 30, 2018 (Successor), the total estimated liability to withdraw from the plan is $3,307. The current liability associated with the Company's withdrawal from the multi-employer pension plan of $240 is included in accrued and other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet and the long-term liability of $3,067 is included in other noncurrent liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.
(12) Income Taxes
The Company's tax provision for interim periods is determined using an estimate of its annual effective tax rate, adjusted for discrete items. The Company’s effective tax rate is expressed as income tax benefit as a percentage of loss before income taxes.
In the period September 1 through September 30, 2017 (Successor), the Company recorded income tax expense of $286 on pre-tax loss from continuing operations of $535, for an effective tax rate of (53.5)%.
In the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), the Company recorded income tax benefit of $2,068 on pre-tax loss of $8,723, for an effective tax rate of 23.7%. In the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), the Company recorded income tax benefit of $1,395 on pre-tax income of $70,828, for an effective tax rate of (2.0)%.
In the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), the Company recorded income tax benefit of $4,026 on pre-tax loss of $24,335, for an effective tax rate of 16.5%. In the period January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor), the Company recorded income tax benefit of $1,387 on pre-tax income of $34,803, for an effective tax rate of (4.0)%.
On December 22, 2017, the U.S. enacted significant changes to the U.S. tax law following the passage and signing of H.R.1, “An Act to Provide for Reconciliation Pursuant to Titles II and V of the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2018” (the “Tax Act”) (previously known as “The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”). The Tax Act included significant changes to existing tax law, including, but not limited to, a permanent reduction to the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%, effective January 1, 2018.
On December 22, 2017, the Securities Exchange Commission ("SEC") issued Staff Accounting Bulletin 118, "SAB 118", which expresses views of the SEC regarding ASC Topic 740, "Income Taxes" ("ASC 740"), in the reporting period that includes the enactment date of the Tax Act. Subsequent to the issuance of SAB 118, in March 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-05 "Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin 118," which formally amended ASC 740 for the guidance previously provided by SAB 118. SAB 118 provides a measurement period that should not extend beyond one year from the Tax Act enactment date for companies to complete the accounting under ASC 740. In accordance with SAB 118, a company must reflect the income tax effects of those aspects of the Tax Act for which the accounting under ASC 740 is complete. To the extent that a company’s accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act is incomplete but it is able to determine a reasonable estimate, it must record and provisional estimate in the financial statements.
Given the complexity of the Tax Act and anticipated guidance from the U.S. treasury about implementing the Tax Act, the Company’s analysis and accounting for the tax effects of the enactment of the Tax Act is preliminary. The Company has made provisional estimates in accordance with SAB 118 but has not fully completed its analysis and calculation of foreign earnings subject to the transition tax or its analysis of certain other aspects of the Tax Act that could result in adjustments to the remeasurement of deferred tax balances. Upon completion of the analysis in 2018, these estimates may be adjusted through income tax benefit or expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive (Loss) Income. No adjustments to these provisional estimates were made in either the three or nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor). The Company expects to finalize its accounting for the tax effects of the Tax Act in the fourth quarter of 2018.

23


The Tax Act subjects a U.S. shareholder to tax on Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income (“GILTI”) earned by certain foreign subsidiaries. The FASB Staff Q&A, Topic 740, No. 5, "Accounting for Global Intangible Low-Taxed Income", states that an entity can make an accounting policy election to either recognize deferred taxes for temporary basis differences expected to reverse as GILTI in future years or provide for the tax expense related to GILTI in the year the tax is incurred as a period expense only. Given the complexity of the GILTI provisions, the Company is still evaluating the effects of the GILTI provisions and have not yet determined our accounting policy. At September 30, 2018 (Successor), because the Company is still evaluating the GILTI provisions and its analysis of future taxable income that is subject to GILTI, the Company has included GILTI related to current year operations only in its estimated annual effective tax rate and has not provided additional GILTI on deferred items.
Accordingly, in both the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), the Company's income tax provision reflects i) the current year impacts of the Tax Act on the estimated annual effective tax rate and ii) discrete items, if any, resulting directly from the enactment of the Tax Act based on information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail. There were no material discrete impacts from the enactment of the Tax Act in either the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) or nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor).
The most significant factors impacting the effective tax rate in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) were the impact of the U.S. federal corporate tax rate reduction in connection with the enactment of the Tax Act on the estimated annual effective tax rate, the foreign rate differential, and the release of valuation allowances in jurisdictions that have become profitable.
(13) Commitments and Contingent Liabilities
The Company is party to a variety of legal proceedings, claims, and inquiries, including proceedings or inquiries by governmental authorities, which arise from the operation of its business. These proceedings, claims, and inquiries are incidental to and occur in the normal course of the Company's business affairs. The majority of these proceedings, claims, and inquiries relate to commercial disputes with customers, suppliers, and others; employment and employee benefits-related disputes; product quality disputes with vendors and/or customers; and environmental, health and safety claims. It is the opinion of management that the currently expected outcome of these proceedings, claims, and inquiries, after taking into account recorded accruals and the availability and limits of our insurance coverage, will not have a material adverse effect on the consolidated results of operations, financial condition or cash flows of the Company.

24


Item 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Information provided and statements contained in this report that are not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (“Securities Act”), Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements only speak as of the date of this report and the Company assumes no obligation to update the information included in this report. Such forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future results of operations, including descriptions of our business strategy. These statements often include words such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “predict,” “plan,” "should," or similar expressions. These statements are not guarantees of performance or results, and they involve risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, there are many factors that could affect our actual financial results or results of operations and could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements. These factors include our ability to effectively manage our operational initiatives and implemented restructuring activities, the impact of volatility of metals prices, the impact of imposed tariffs and/or duties, the cyclical and seasonal aspects of our business, our ability to effectively manage inventory levels, and the impact of our substantial level of indebtedness, as well as those risk factors identified in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, which we filed on March 15, 2018. All future written and oral forward-looking statements by us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to above. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we do not have any obligations or intention to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances in the future, to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events or for any other reason.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto in Item 1 “Financial Statements (unaudited)”.
Overview
A. M. Castle & Co., together with its subsidiaries, (the “Company”) is a specialty metals distribution company serving customers on a global basis. The Company has operations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, China and Singapore. The Company provides a broad range of product inventories as well as value-added processing and supply chain services to a wide array of customers, principally within the producer durable equipment, aerospace, heavy industrial equipment, industrial goods, construction equipment, and retail sectors of the global economy. Particular focus is placed on the aerospace and defense, power generation, mining, heavy industrial equipment, and general manufacturing industries, as well as general engineering applications.
Emergence from Chapter 11
On June 18, 2017 (the "Petition Date"), A. M. Castle & Co. and four of its subsidiaries (together with A. M. Castle & Co., the "Debtors") filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (the "Bankruptcy Code") with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware in Wilmington, Delaware (the "Bankruptcy Court"). The four subsidiaries in the chapter 11 cases are Keystone Tube Company, LLC, HY-Alloy Steels Company, Keystone Service, Inc. and Total Plastics, Inc. Also on June 18, 2017, the Debtors filed the Debtors' Prepackaged Joint Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization with the Bankruptcy Court and on July 25, 2017, the Debtors filed the Debtors' Amended Prepackaged Joint Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization (the "Plan") with the Bankruptcy Court. On August 2, 2017, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order (the "Confirmation Order") confirming the Plan. On August 31, 2017 (the "Effective Date"), the Plan became effective pursuant to its terms and the Debtors emerged from their chapter 11 cases.
On the Effective Date, by operation of the Plan, among other things:
The Company issued an aggregate of 2.0 million shares of its new class of common stock, par value $0.01 per share ("New Common Stock") consisting of 1.3 million shares issued to holders of Prepetition Second Lien Secured Claims (as defined by the Plan) in partial satisfaction of their claims; 0.3 million shares issued to holders of Prepetition Third Lien Secured Claims (as defined by the Amended Plan) in partial satisfaction of their claims; and 0.4 million shares issued to participating holders of the Company's outstanding common stock as of August 2, 2017.
All agreements, instruments, and other documents evidencing, related to or connected with any equity interests of the Company (which include the Company's prior common stock, par value $0.01 per share, warrants to

25


purchase such common stock, and awards under management equity plans adopted before the Effective Date) were canceled and extinguished without recovery.
All outstanding indebtedness, accrued interest, and related fees of the Debtors under that certain Credit and Guaranty Agreement, dated December 8, 2016, by and among the Company, Highbridge International Capital Management, LLC, Corre Partners Management, LLC, Whitebox Credit Partners, L.P., WFF Cayman II Limited, and SGF, LLC and Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, among others (as amended, the “Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement”), amounting to $49.4 million, was paid in full with the proceeds of borrowings under the Revolving A Credit Facility (defined below) and the issuance of Second Lien Notes (defined below) under the Indenture dated August 31, 2017 ("Second Lien Notes Indenture").
All outstanding indebtedness of the Debtors under the Company’s 12.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2018 (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes") and the Indenture dated February 8, 2016 (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes Indenture"), by and between the Company, as issuer, its guarantors, and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee, and all outstanding indebtedness of the Debtors under the Company’s 5.25% Convertible Senior Secured Notes due 2019 (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes") and the Indenture dated May 19, 2016 (the "Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes Indenture"), by and between the Company, as issuer, its guarantors, and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee, was discharged and canceled in exchange for Second Lien Notes (defined below) and New Common Stock in the Company.
The A.M. Castle & Co. 2017 Management Incentive Plan became effective.
All of the existing members of the Board were deemed to have resigned and were replaced with the new Board of the Company consisting of six members, four of whom were new to the Board.
Pursuant to the Plan, on September 1, 2017, the Company issued 1.7 million restricted New Common Stock shares, together with an aggregate original principal amount of $2.4 million of 5.00% / 7.00% Convertible Senior Secured PIK Toggle Notes due 2022 ("Second Lien Notes") convertible into an additional 0.6 million shares of New Common Stock as of the Effective Date, and issued as awards under the A.M. Castle & Co. 2017 Management Incentive Plan to certain officers of the Company.
Pursuant to the Plan, on the Effective Date, the Debtors entered into Revolving Credit and Security Agreement (the "ABL Credit Agreement") dated as of August 31, 2017 with PNC Bank, National Association ("PNC"), as lender and as administrative and collateral agent (the “Agent”) which, provided for a $125.0 million senior secured, revolving credit facility for the Company (the "Revolving A Credit Facility").
On the Effective Date, in connection with its entering into the ABL Credit Agreement, the Company borrowed an aggregate amount equal to $78.8 million, of which $49.4 million was used to pay down outstanding indebtedness, accrued interest, and related fees of the Company under the Pre-Bankruptcy Credit Facilities Agreement.
Pursuant to the Plan, on the Effective Date, the Company entered into the Second Lien Notes Indenture and, pursuant thereto, issued approximately $164.9 million in Second Lien Notes.
The Second Lien Notes are five-year senior obligations of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries, secured by a lien on all or substantially all of the assets of the Company, its domestic subsidiaries and certain of its foreign subsidiaries, which lien the Indenture Agent has agreed will be junior to the lien of the Agent under the ABL Credit Agreement.
Financial Reporting Under Reorganization
Refer to Note 2 - Bankruptcy Related Disclosures, to the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of financial reporting implications related to the Company's chapter 11 cases, and emergence therefrom.
Presentation of Predecessor and Successor
The Company adopted fresh-start reporting as of the Effective Date. As a result of the application of fresh-start reporting, the Company's financial statements for periods prior to the Effective Date are not comparable to those for periods subsequent to the Effective Date. References in this report to “Successor” refer to the Company on or after the Effective Date. References to “Predecessor” refer to the Company prior to the Effective Date. Operating results for the Successor and Predecessor periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full fiscal year. References such as the “Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” refer to A.M. Castle & Co. and its consolidated subsidiaries, whether Predecessor and/or Successor, as appropriate.

26


In the following discussion and analysis of the results of operations and liquidity, the Company compares certain financial information for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. The Company believes that in certain instances, combining the financial results when discussing the Predecessor and Successor periods within the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 is useful for management and investors to assess the Company's ongoing financial and operational performance and trends.
Expanded Credit Facility
On June 1, 2018, the Debtors entered into an Amendment No. 1 to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement (the “Credit Agreement Amendment”) by and among the Company, the other borrowers and guarantors party thereto and the Agent and the lenders party thereto, which amended the ABL Credit Agreement (as amended by the Credit Agreement Amendment, the “Expanded ABL Credit Agreement”) to provide for additional borrowing capacity. Refer to Note 7 - Debt, to the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further details.
Results of Operations: Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) Compared to the Periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor)
The following table sets forth certain statement of operations data in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
through
September 30, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
(Dollar amounts in millions)
$
 
% of Net Sales
 
$
 
% of Net Sales
 
 
$
 
% of Net Sales
 
Three Month
$ Change
 
Three Month
% Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
148.1

 
100.0
 %
 
$
41.7

 
100.0
 %
 
 
$
81.5

 
100.0
 %
 
$
24.9

 
20.2
 %
Cost of materials (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
110.9

 
74.9
 %
 
31.5

 
75.5
 %
 
 
63.4

 
77.8
 %
 
(16.0
)
 
(16.9
)%
Operating costs and expenses
40.2

 
27.1
 %
 
11.6

 
27.8
 %
 
 
25.5

 
31.3
 %
 
(3.1
)
 
(8.4
)%
Operating loss
$
(3.0
)
 
(2.0
)%
 
$
(1.4
)
 
(3.3
)%
 
 
$
(7.4
)
 
(9.1
)%
 
$
5.8

 
(65.9
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Adjusted due to the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, "Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost." See Note 3 - New Accounting Standards to the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Net Sales
Net sales of $148.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) were an increase of $24.9 million, or 20.2%, compared to $41.7 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $81.5 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor). The increase in net sales in the current quarter compared to the prior year quarter was driven primarily by strong market demand and a substantial increase in commodities pricing, both of which had a favorable impact on selling prices in the current year quarter, as did the announced imposition of tariffs by the U.S. on imports of steel and aluminum from certain countries. Overall average selling prices increased 15.1% in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017 (Predecessor) with favorable selling prices realized on virtually every product the Company sells. The most favorable selling prices were realized on the majority of the Company's highest selling products including all carbon and alloy products, as well as SBQ bar and stainless.
Tons sold per day increased by 2.8% in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) compared to the same period in the prior year driven mainly by sales volume increases in aluminum, alloy bar and stainless products, which more than offset a sales volume decrease in SBQ bar in the quarter.

27


Cost of Materials
Cost of materials (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was $110.9 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) compared to $31.5 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $63.4 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor). The $16.0 million, or 16.9%, increase between the three month periods is due mainly to higher sales volume in the quarter as well as a continuing trend towards increased product mill pricing resulting from higher market demand for metals and higher commodity pricing.
Cost of materials (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was 74.9% of net sales in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) compared to 77.0% of net sales in the three months ended September 30, 2017 (Predecessor) due mainly to the recent imposition of tariffs which, favorably impacted the Company's gross material margin (calculated as net sales less cost of materials divided by net sales) as the Company experienced an overall increase in its average selling prices per ton sold. Gross material margins were also beneficially impacted by the elimination of some lower margin sales in the current year quarter as compared to the prior year quarter, as well as the negative impacts of the Company's bankruptcy proceedings on gross material margins in the prior year quarter.
Operating Costs and Expenses and Operating Loss
Operating costs and expenses in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) were as follows:
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
 
Three Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
through
September 30, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
July 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
Three Month $ Change
 
Three Month % Change
 (Dollar amounts in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Warehouse, processing and delivery expense
$
21.1

 
$
6.0

 
 
$
12.3

 
$
(2.8
)
 
(15.3
)%
Sales, general and administrative expense
16.9

 
5.1

 
 
10.4

 
$
(1.4
)
 
(9.0
)%
Restructuring expense

 

 
 
0.4

 
$
0.4

 
n/a

Depreciation and amortization expense
2.2

 
0.5

 
 
2.4

 
$
0.7

 
24.1
 %
Total operating costs and expenses
$
40.2

 
$
11.6

 
 
$
25.5

 
$
(3.1
)
 
(8.4
)%
* Adjusted due to the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, "Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost." See Note 3 - New Accounting Standards to the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Operating costs and expenses increased by $3.1 million from $11.6 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $25.5 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) to $40.2 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor).
Warehouse, processing and delivery expense increased by $2.8 million mainly as a result of higher payroll and benefits costs as well as higher warehouse and freight costs attributable to an increase in fuel prices and labor costs. In addition, the prior year period included the favorable impact of the resolution of certain real estate and personal property tax matters associated with the Houston and Edmonton facilities, which were closed in the first quarter of 2016.
Sales, general and administrative expense increased by $1.4 million mainly as a result of higher payroll and benefits costs, as well as costs incurred for outside professional services for the review of the Company’s information technology security processes and protocol for potential enhancement.
Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $0.7 million due to lower depreciation expense in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) from a lower depreciable base of property, plant and equipment, as a result of fresh-start accounting, and no amortization of intangible assets.

28


Operating loss in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) was $3.0 million, compared to $1.4 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $7.4 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).
Other Income and Expense, Income Taxes and Net Loss
The Company adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2017-07, "Compensation – Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost", in the first quarter of 2018. In accordance with the adoption of ASU No. 2017-07, the Company now classifies the interest cost component of net periodic benefit cost in interest expense, net, with the service cost component continuing to be classified in sales, general and administrative expense. The other components of net periodic benefit cost are now classified in other expense (income), net. See Note - 3 New Accounting Standards to the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of amounts reclassified in prior year financial statements as a result of this adoption.
Interest expense was $8.7 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), compared to $1.8 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $3.4 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor). Interest expense in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) includes the interest cost component of net periodic benefit cost of $1.2 million. Interest expense in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) includes the interest cost component of net periodic benefit cost of $0.4 million and $0.8 million, respectively. Effective on the bankruptcy Petition Date, the Company discontinued recording interest expense on outstanding prepetition debt classified as liabilities subject to compromise ("LSTC"). As a result, interest expense for the period July 1, 2017 through the Effective Date, August 31, 2017, excludes approximately $4.1 million of contractual interest expense associated with the Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes and Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes. Offsetting this increase in the current year period is lower interest expense on the Company's existing debt as following the Effective Date, the Company has significantly reduced its debt and contractual interest burden from what it had been in the prepetition periods.
Financial restructuring expense of $0.4 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) was mostly comprised of legal and other professional fees incurred prior to filing the chapter 11 bankruptcy petitions in connection with the financial restructuring of the debt and equity of the Company.
Other income, net was $3.0 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor), compared to $2.8 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $2.0 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor). Other income, net in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) includes net pension benefit of $2.0 million. The periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) include a net pension benefit of $0.7 million and $1.2 million, respectively. The remaining other income, net for the comparative periods is comprised mostly of foreign currency transaction gains and losses. The Company recorded a foreign currency gain of $1.0 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) compared to a foreign currency gain of $2.1 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and $0.8 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).
Reorganization items, net in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) was a gain of $80.0 million and relates to expenses and income directly associated with the chapter 11 proceedings and incurred during the pendency of the Company's Chapter 11 Cases. The balance in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 is comprised of a gain on extinguishment of debt of $90.0 million and a gain on fresh-start revaluation of $16.6 million. Offsetting these gains are $5.4 million related to the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs and discounts related to the Pre-Bankruptcy Secured Notes and the Pre-Bankruptcy Convertible Notes, prepayment penalties and debt related fees of $13.2 million, professional fees of $6.7 million and key employee incentive plan expense of $1.2 million.
Loss before income taxes was $8.7 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor). Loss before income taxes in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) was $0.5 million. The Company had income before income taxes of $70.8 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) due mainly to the gain from reorganization items, net, of $80.0 million in the period.
The Company recorded income tax benefit of $2.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) compared to an income tax expense of $0.3 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and an income tax benefit of $1.4 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor). The Company’s effective tax rate is expressed as income tax expense as a percentage of loss before

29


income taxes. The effective tax rate in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) was 23.7%. The effective tax rate for the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) was (53.5)% and (1.97)%, respectively. The change in the effective tax rate between periods resulted from changes in the geographic mix and timing of income or losses, the impact of the U.S. federal corporate tax rate reduction in connection with the Tax Act, the inclusion of foreign earnings under Internal Revenue Code ("IRC") Section 951A, and the impact of the foreign income tax rate differential.
Net loss was $6.7 million in the three months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and $0.8 million in the period September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor). Net income of $72.2 million in the period July 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor) includes the gain from reorganization items, net, of $80.0 million.
Results of Operations: Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) Compared to the Periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor)
The following table sets forth certain statement of operations data in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (Successor) and in the periods September 1, 2017 through September 30, 2017 (Successor) and January 1, 2017 through August 31, 2017 (Predecessor).
 
Successor
 
 
Predecessor
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months
Ended
September 30, 2018
 
September 1, 2017
through
September 30, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
 
January 1, 2017
Through
August 31, 2017
As Adjusted*
 
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 (Dollar amounts in millions)
$
 
% of Net Sales
 
$
 
% of Net Sales
 
 
$
 
% of Net Sales
 
Nine Month
$ Change
 
Nine Month
% Change
Net sales
$
444.4

 
100.0
 %
 
$
41.7

 
100.0
 %
 
 
$
353.9

 
100.0
 %