Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Cintas
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$221.51 105 $23,160
10-K 2019-05-31 Annual: 2019-05-31
10-Q 2019-02-28 Quarter: 2019-02-28
10-Q 2018-11-30 Quarter: 2018-11-30
10-Q 2018-08-31 Quarter: 2018-08-31
10-K 2018-05-31 Annual: 2018-05-31
10-Q 2018-02-28 Quarter: 2018-02-28
10-Q 2017-11-30 Quarter: 2017-11-30
10-Q 2017-08-31 Quarter: 2017-08-31
10-K 2017-05-31 Annual: 2017-05-31
10-Q 2017-02-28 Quarter: 2017-02-28
10-Q 2016-11-30 Quarter: 2016-11-30
10-Q 2016-08-31 Quarter: 2016-08-31
10-K 2016-05-31 Annual: 2016-05-31
10-Q 2016-02-29 Quarter: 2016-02-29
10-Q 2015-11-30 Quarter: 2015-11-30
10-Q 2015-08-31 Quarter: 2015-08-31
10-K 2015-05-31 Annual: 2015-05-31
10-Q 2015-02-28 Quarter: 2015-02-28
10-Q 2014-11-30 Quarter: 2014-11-30
10-Q 2014-08-31 Quarter: 2014-08-31
10-K 2014-05-31 Annual: 2014-05-31
10-Q 2014-02-28 Quarter: 2014-02-28
10-Q 2013-11-30 Quarter: 2013-11-30
8-K 2019-07-16 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-01 Officers
8-K 2019-05-24 Enter Agreement, Off-BS Arrangement, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-21 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-20 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-30 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-09-25 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-03 Officers, Amend Bylaw, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-13 Officers
8-K 2018-03-22 Earnings, Exhibits
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SCSC Scansource 908
COHU COHU 731
IEA Infrastructure & Energy Alternatives 101
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CTAS 2019-05-31
Part I
Item 1. Business
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2. Properties
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part II
Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity,
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Item 9B. Other Information
Part III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11. Executive Compensation
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial
Item 13. Certain Relationships And
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Part IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16. Form 10-K Summary
EX-4.8 ex48descriptionofsecurities.htm
EX-21 a21-subsidiaries2019.htm
EX-23 a23-consentofey2019.htm
EX-31.1 ctas10k2019ex311.htm
EX-31.2 ctas10k2019ex312.htm
EX-32.1 ctas10k2019ex321.htm
EX-32.2 ctas10k2019ex322.htm

Cintas Earnings 2019-05-31

CTAS 10K Annual Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-K 1 ctas531201910k.htm 10-K Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
X
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2019
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File No. 0-11399
Cintas Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Washington
 
31-1188630
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation)
 
(IRS Employer Identification Number)
6800 Cintas Boulevard
P.O. Box 625737
Cincinnati, Ohio 45262-5737
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (513) 459-1200
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, no par value
 
CTAS
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
 (NASDAQ Global Select Market)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
    
YES
ü
 
NO
 
 
    
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
    
YES
 
 
NO
 
ü
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
    
YES
ü
 
NO
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files.
    
YES
ü
 
NO
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
ü
Accelerated Filer
 
Non-Accelerated Filer
 
 
Smaller Reporting Company
 
Emerging Growth Company
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.         
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
    
YES
 
 
NO
 
ü
    
The aggregate market value of the Registrant's Common Stock held by non-affiliates as of November 30, 2018, was $19,698,043,866 based on a closing sale price of $187.38 per share. As of June 30, 2019, 184,831,098 shares of the Registrant's Common Stock were issued and 102,487,039 shares were outstanding.
Documents Incorporated by Reference
Portions of the Registrant's Proxy Statement to be filed with the Commission for its 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.

1


Cintas Corporation
Index to Annual Report on Form 10-K

 

 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Part I
 

Item 1.  Business
Cintas Corporation (Cintas, Company, we, us or our), a Washington corporation, helps more than one million businesses of all types and sizes, primarily in North America, as well as Latin America, Europe and Asia, get Ready™ to open their doors with confidence every day by providing a wide range of products and services that enhance our customers’ image and help keep their facilities and employees clean, safe and looking their best. With products and services including uniforms, floor care, restroom supplies, first aid and safety products, fire extinguishers and testing, and safety and compliance training, Cintas helps customers get Ready for the Workday™. Cintas was founded in 1968 by Richard T. Farmer, currently the Chairman Emeritus of the Board of Directors, when he left his family's industrial laundry business in order to develop uniform programs using an exclusive new fabric. In the early 1970's, Cintas acquired the family industrial laundry business. Over the years, Cintas developed additional products and services that complemented its core uniform business and broadened the scope of products and services available to its customers.

Cintas’ reportable operating segments are Uniform Rental and Facility Services and First Aid and Safety Services. The Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment consists of the rental and servicing of uniforms and other garments, including flame resistant clothing, mats, mops and shop towels and other ancillary items. In addition to these rental items, restroom cleaning services and supplies, carpet and tile cleaning services and the sale of items from our catalogs to our customers on route are included within this reportable operating segment. The First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment consists of first aid and safety products and services. The remainder of Cintas’ business, which consists of Fire Protection Services and its Uniform Direct Sale business, is included in All Other.

On March 21, 2017, Cintas completed the acquisition of G&K Services, Inc. (G&K). G&K is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cintas that operates within the Uniform Rental and Facility Services operating segment. In fiscal 2018, Cintas sold a significant business referred to as "Discontinued Services." Prior to the sale of Discontinued Services, the operations were primarily included in All Other and classified as held for sale. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance for the disposal of long-lived assets and discontinued operations, the results of Discontinued Services have been excluded from both continuing operations and operating segment results for all periods presented. Please see Note 17 entitled Discontinued Operations of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for additional information.

We provide our products and services to over one million businesses of all types, from small service and manufacturing companies to major corporations that employ thousands of people. This diversity in customer base results in no individual customer accounting for greater than one percent of Cintas' total revenue. As a result, the loss of one account would not have a significant financial impact on Cintas.

The following table sets forth Cintas' total revenue and the revenue derived from each reportable operating segment and All Other for the fiscal years ended May 31:
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform Rental and Facility Services
$
5,552,430

 
$
5,247,124

 
$
4,202,490

First Aid and Safety Services
619,470

 
564,706

 
508,233

All Other
720,403

 
664,802

 
612,658

Total Revenue
$
6,892,303

 
$
6,476,632

 
$
5,323,381

Additional information regarding each reportable operating segment and All Other is also included in Note 15 entitled Operating Segment Information of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements."

The primary markets served by all Cintas businesses are local in nature and highly fragmented. Cintas competes with national, regional and local providers, and the level of competition varies at each of Cintas' local operations. Product, design, price, quality, service and convenience to the customer are the competitive elements in each of our businesses.

3



Within the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment, Cintas provides its products and services to customers via local delivery routes originating from rental processing plants and branches. Within the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other, Cintas provides its products and services via its distribution network and local delivery routes or local representatives. In total, Cintas has approximately 11,400 local delivery routes, 470 operational facilities and 11 distribution centers. At May 31, 2019, Cintas employed approximately 45,000 employee-partners, of which approximately 1,600 were represented by labor unions.

Cintas sources finished products from many outside suppliers. In addition, Cintas operates five manufacturing facilities that provide for standard uniform needs. Cintas purchases fabric, used in the manufacturing of it's products, from several suppliers. Cintas is not aware of any circumstances that would hinder its ability to continue obtaining these materials.

Cintas is subject to various environmental laws and regulations, as are other companies in the uniform rental industry. While environmental compliance is not a material component of its costs, Cintas must incur capital expenditures and associated operating costs, primarily for water treatment and waste removal, on a regular basis. Environmental spending related to water treatment and waste removal was approximately $21 million in fiscal 2019 and approximately $20 million in fiscal 2018. Capital expenditures to limit or monitor hazardous substances totaled approximately $10 million in fiscal 2019 and approximately $2 million in fiscal 2018.

Cintas uses its corporate website, www.cintas.com, as a channel for routine distribution of important information, including news releases, analyst presentations and financial information. Cintas files with or furnishes to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports, as well as proxy statements and annual reports to shareholders, and, from time to time, other documents. The reports and other documents filed with or furnished to the SEC are available to investors on or through our corporate website free of charge as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file them with or furnish them to the SEC. The SEC maintains an internet site located at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers, such as Cintas, that file electronically with the SEC. Cintas' SEC filings can be found on the Investors page of its website at www.cintas.com/investors/highlights.aspx and its Code of Conduct and Business Ethics can be found on the About Us page of its website at www.cintas.com/company. These documents are available in print to any shareholder who requests a copy by writing or calling Cintas as set forth on the Investor Information page. The content on any website referred to in this Annual Report on Form 10-K is not incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K unless expressly noted.

4



Item 1A.  Risk Factors
The statements in this section describe the most significant risks that could materially and adversely affect our business, consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operation and the trading price of our debt or equity securities.

In addition, this section sets forth statements which constitute our cautionary statements under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a safe harbor from civil litigation for forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “estimates,” “anticipates,” “predicts,” “projects,” “plans,” “expects,” “intends,” “target,” “forecast,” “believes,” “seeks,” “could,” “should,” “may” and “will” or the negative versions thereof and similar words, terms and expressions and by the context in which they are used. Such statements are based upon current expectations of Cintas and speak only as of the date made. You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement. We cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will be realized. These statements are subject to various risks, uncertainties, potentially inaccurate assumptions and other factors that could cause actual results to differ from those set forth in or implied by this Annual Report. Factors that might cause such a difference include, but are not limited to, risks inherent with the G&K transaction in the achievement of cost synergies and the timing thereof, including whether the transaction will be accretive and within the expected timeframe and the actual amounts of future integration expenses; the possibility of greater than anticipated operating costs including energy and fuel costs; lower sales volumes; loss of customers due to outsourcing trends; the performance and costs of integration of acquisitions, including G&K; fluctuations in costs of materials and labor including increased medical costs; costs and possible effects of union organizing activities; failure to comply with government regulations concerning employment discrimination, employee pay and benefits and employee health and safety; the effect on operations of exchange rate fluctuations, tariffs and other political, economic and regulatory risks; uncertainties regarding any existing or newly-discovered expenses and liabilities related to environmental compliance and remediation; the cost, results and ongoing assessment of internal controls for financial reporting required by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; the effect of new accounting pronouncements; costs of our SAP system implementation; disruptions caused by the inaccessibility of computer systems data, including cybersecurity risks; the initiation or outcome of litigation, investigations or other proceedings; higher assumed sourcing or distribution costs of products; the disruption of operations from catastrophic or extraordinary events; the amount and timing of repurchases of our common stock, if any; changes in federal and state tax and labor laws; and the reactions of competitors in terms of price and service. Cintas undertakes no obligation to publicly release any revisions to any forward-looking statements or to otherwise update any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information or to reflect events, circumstances or any other unanticipated developments arising after the date on which such statements are made, except otherwise as required by law. The risks and uncertainties described herein are not the only ones we may face. Additional risks and uncertainties presently not known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also harm our business.

Negative global economic factors may adversely affect our financial performance.
Negative economic conditions, in North America and our other markets, may adversely affect our financial performance. Higher levels of unemployment, inflation, tax rates and other changes in tax laws and other economic factors could adversely affect the demand for Cintas’ products and services. Increases in labor costs, including the cost to provide employee-partner related healthcare benefits, minimum wages, labor shortages or shortages of skilled labor, regulations regarding the classification of employees and/or their eligibility for overtime wages, higher material costs for items such as fabrics and textiles, the inability to obtain insurance coverage at cost-effective rates, higher interest rates, inflation, higher tax rates and other changes in tax laws and other economic factors could increase our costs of rental uniforms and facility services, cost of other services and selling and administrative expenses. As a result, these factors could adversely affect our sales and consolidated results of operations.

Increased competition could adversely affect our financial performance.
We operate in highly competitive industries and compete with national, regional and local providers. Product, design, price, quality, service and convenience to the customer are the competitive elements in these industries. If existing or future competitors seek to gain or retain market share by reducing prices, Cintas may be required to lower prices, which would hurt its results of operations. Cintas' competitors also generally compete with Cintas for acquisition candidates, which can increase the price for acquisitions and reduce the number of available acquisition candidates. In addition, our customers and prospects may decide to perform certain services in-house instead of outsourcing these services to us. These competitive pressures could adversely affect our sales and consolidated results of operations.

5



An inability to open new, cost effective operating facilities may adversely affect our expansion efforts.
We plan to expand our presence in existing markets and enter new markets. The opening of new operating facilities is necessary to gain the capacity required for this expansion. Our ability to open new operating facilities depends on our ability to identify attractive locations, negotiate leases or real estate purchase agreements on acceptable terms, identify and obtain adequate utility and water sources and comply with environmental regulations, zoning laws and other similar factors. Any inability to effectively identify and manage these items may adversely affect our expansion efforts, and, consequently, adversely affect our financial performance.

Risks associated with our acquisition practice could adversely affect our results of operations.
Historically, a portion of our growth has come from acquisitions. We continue to evaluate opportunities for acquiring businesses that may supplement our internal growth. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to locate and purchase suitable acquisitions. In addition, the success of any acquisition, including the ability to realize anticipated cost synergies, depends in part on our ability to integrate the acquired company. The process of integrating acquired businesses may involve unforeseen difficulties and may require a disproportionate amount of our management's attention and our financial and other resources. If management is not able to effectively manage the integration process, or if any significant business activities are interrupted as a result of the integration process, we may not be able to realize anticipated cost synergies resulting from acquisitions and our business could suffer. Although we conduct due diligence investigations prior to each acquisition, there can be no assurance that we will discover or adequately protect against all material liabilities of an acquired business for which we may be responsible as a successor owner or operator. The failure to identify suitable acquisitions and successfully integrate these acquired businesses, or to discover liabilities associated with such businesses in the diligence process, could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations.

Our indebtedness may limit cash flow available to invest in the ongoing needs of our business.
Our outstanding indebtedness may have negative consequences on our business, such as requiring us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to the payment of debt service, reducing the availability of our cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, dividend increases, stock buybacks and other general corporate purposes, as well as increase our vulnerability to adverse economic or industry conditions. In addition, it may limit our ability to obtain additional financing in the future to enable us to react to changes in our business or industry or place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to businesses in our industry that have less debt.

Changes in the fuel and energy industry could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
The price of fuel and energy needed to run our vehicles and equipment is unpredictable and fluctuates based on events outside our control, including geopolitical developments, supply and demand for fuel and other energy related products, actions by energy producers, war and unrest in oil producing countries, regional production patterns, limits on refining capacities, natural disasters and environmental concerns. Increases in fuel and energy costs could adversely affect our consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operations.

Failure to preserve positive labor relationships with our employees could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations.
While we believe that our employee relations are good, we have been and could continue to be the target of a unionization campaign by several unions. These unions have attempted to pressure Cintas into surrendering its employees' rights to a government-supervised election by unilaterally accepting union representation. We will continue to vigorously oppose any unionization campaign and defend our employees' rights to a government-supervised election. Unionization campaigns could be materially disruptive to our business and could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations.

Risks associated with the suppliers from whom our products are sourced could adversely affect our results of operations.
The products we sell are sourced from a wide variety of domestic and international suppliers. Global sourcing of many of the products we sell is an important factor in our financial performance. We require all our suppliers to comply with applicable laws, including labor and environmental laws, and otherwise be certified as meeting our required supplier standards of conduct. Our ability to find qualified suppliers who meet our standards, and to access products in a timely and efficient manner is a significant challenge, especially with respect to suppliers located and goods sourced outside the United States. Political and economic stability in the countries in which foreign suppliers are located, the financial stability of suppliers, suppliers' failure to meet our supplier standards, labor problems experienced by our suppliers, the availability of raw materials to suppliers, currency exchange rates, transport availability and cost, inflation and other

6



factors relating to the suppliers and the countries in which they are located are beyond our control. In addition, U.S. and foreign trade policies, tariffs and other impositions on imported goods, trade sanctions imposed on certain countries, the limitation on the importation of certain types of goods or of goods containing certain materials from other countries and other factors relating to foreign trade are beyond our control. These and other factors affecting our suppliers and our access to products could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations.

Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
We earn revenue, pay expenses, own assets and incur liabilities in countries using currencies other than the U.S. dollar, including the Canadian dollar, British pound, and the euro. In fiscal years 2019, 2018 and 2017, revenue denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar represented less than 10% of our consolidated revenue. Because our consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars, we must translate revenue, income and expenses, as well as assets and liabilities, into U.S. dollars at exchange rates in effect during or at the end of each reporting period. Therefore, fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar against other major currencies, particularly in the event of significant increases in foreign currency revenue, will impact our revenue and operating income and the value of balance sheet items denominated in foreign currencies. This impact could adversely affect our consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operations.

Failure to comply with federal and state regulations to which we are subject could result in penalties or costs that could adversely affect our results of operations. 
Our business is subject to complex and stringent state and federal regulations, including employment laws and regulations, minimum wage requirements, overtime requirements, working condition requirements, citizenship requirements, transportation and other laws and regulations. In particular, we are subject to the regulations promulgated by the U.S. Department of Transportation, or USDOT, and under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, as amended, or OSHA. We have incurred, and will continue to incur, capital and operating expenditures and other costs in the ordinary course of our business in complying with the USDOT, OSHA and other laws and regulations to which we are subject. Changes in laws, regulations and the related interpretations, including any laws or regulations that may be enacted by the current U.S. presidential administration and Congress, may alter the landscape in which we do business and may affect our costs of doing business. The impact of new laws and regulations cannot be predicted. Compliance with new laws and regulations may increase our operating costs or require significant capital expenditures. Any failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations could result in substantial fines by government authorities, payment of damages to private litigants, or possible revocation of our authority to conduct our operations, which could adversely affect our ability to service customers and our consolidated results of operations.

We are subject to legal proceedings that may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
We are subject to various litigation claims and legal proceeding arising from the ordinary course of our business, including personal injury, customer contract, environmental and employment claims. Certain of these lawsuits or potential future lawsuits, if decided adversely to us or settled by us, may result in liability and expense material to our consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operations.

Compliance with environmental laws and regulations could result in significant costs that adversely affect our results of operations.
Our operating locations are subject to environmental laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment and health and safety matters, including those governing discharges of pollutants to the air and water, the management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes and the clean-up of contaminated sites. The operation of our businesses entails risks under environmental laws and regulations. We could incur significant costs, including clean-up costs, fines and sanctions and claims by third parties for property damage and personal injury, as a result of violations of or liabilities under these laws and regulations. We are currently involved in a limited number of remedial investigations and actions at various locations, including those acquired in the G&K acquisition. While based on information currently known to us, we believe that we maintain adequate reserves with respect to these matters, our liability could exceed forecasted amounts, and the imposition of additional clean-up obligations or the discovery of additional contamination at these or other sites could result in significant additional costs which could adversely affect our results of operations. In addition, potentially significant expenditures could be required to comply with environmental laws and regulations, including requirements that may be adopted or imposed in the future.

Under applicable environmental laws, an owner or operator of real estate may be required to pay the costs of removing or remediating hazardous materials located on or emanating from property, whether or not the owner or operator knew of or was responsible for the presence of such hazardous materials. While we regularly engage in environmental due

7



diligence in connection with acquisitions, we can give no assurance that locations that have been acquired or leased have been operated in compliance with environmental laws and regulations during prior periods or that future uses or conditions will not make us liable under these laws or expose us to third-party actions, including tort suits.

We rely extensively on computer systems to process transactions, maintain information and manage our businesses. Disruptions in the availability of computer systems due to implementation of a new system or otherwise, or privacy breaches involving computer systems, could impact our ability to service our customers and adversely affect our sales, results of operations and reputation and expose us to litigation risk.
Our businesses rely on our computer systems to provide customer information, process customer transactions and provide other general information necessary to manage our businesses. We have an active disaster recovery plan in place that is frequently reviewed and tested. However, our computer systems are subject to damage or interruption due to system conversions, such as our current conversion to SAP enterprise system, power outages, computer or telecommunication failures, catastrophic events such as fires, tornadoes and hurricanes and usage errors by our employees. Although we believe that we have adopted appropriate measures to mitigate potential risks to our technology and our operations from these information technology-related and other potential disruptions, given the unpredictability of the timing, nature and scope of such disruptions, we could potentially be subject to production downtimes, operational delays and interruptions in our ability to provide products and services to our customers. Any disruption caused by the unavailability of our computer systems could adversely affect our sales, could require us to make a significant investment to fix or replace them and, therefore, could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations. In addition, cyber-security attacks are evolving and include, but are not limited to, malicious software, attempts to gain unauthorized access to data and other electronic security breaches that could lead to disruptions in systems, unauthorized release of confidential or otherwise protected information and corruption of data. If the network of security controls, policy enforcement mechanisms and monitoring systems to address these threats to our technology fails, the compromising of confidential or otherwise protected Company, customer, or employee information, destruction or corruption of data, security breaches, or other manipulation or improper use of our systems and networks could result in financial losses from remedial actions, loss of business or potential liability and damage to our reputation.

Failure to achieve and maintain effective internal controls could adversely affect our business and stock price.
Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to the consolidated financial statement preparation and presentation. While we continue to evaluate our internal controls, we cannot be certain that these measures will ensure that we implement and maintain adequate controls over our financial processes and reporting in the future. If we fail to maintain the adequacy of our internal controls or if we or our independent registered public accounting firm were to discover material weaknesses in our internal controls, as such standards are modified, supplemented or amended, we may not be able to ensure that we can conclude on an ongoing basis that we have effective internal control over financial reporting in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Failure to achieve and maintain an effective internal control environment could cause us to be unable to produce reliable financial reports or prevent fraud. This may cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information, which could have a material adverse effect on our stock price.

We may experience difficulties in attracting and retaining competent personnel in key positions.
We believe that a key component of our success is our corporate culture, which has been imparted by management throughout our corporate organization. This factor, along with our entire operation, depends on our ability to attract and retain key employees. Competitive pressures within and outside our industry may make it more difficult and expensive for us to attract and retain key employees which could adversely affect our businesses.

Unexpected events could negatively impact our operations and adversely affect our results of operations.
Unexpected events, including fires or explosions at facilities, severe weather conditions, natural disasters such as hurricanes and tornadoes, war or terrorist activities, unplanned outages, supply disruptions, failure of equipment or systems or changes in laws and/or regulations impacting our businesses, could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations. These events could result in customer disruption, physical damage to one or more key operating facilities, the temporary closure of one or more key operating facilities or the temporary disruption of information systems. In addition, negative publicity, whether warranted or not, impacting brand image perception could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations.


8



We may recognize impairment charges, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
We assess our goodwill and other intangible assets and our long-lived assets for impairment when required by U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP). These accounting principles require that we record an impairment charge if circumstances indicate that the asset carrying values exceed their estimated fair values. The estimated fair value of these assets is impacted by general economic conditions in the locations in which we operate. Deterioration in these general economic conditions may result in: declining revenue, which can lead to excess capacity and declining operating cash flow; reductions in management's estimates for future revenue and operating cash flow growth; increases in borrowing rates and other deterioration in factors that impact our weighted average cost of capital; and deteriorating real estate values. If our assessment of goodwill, other intangible assets or long-lived assets indicates an impairment of the carrying value for which we recognize an impairment charge, this may adversely affect our consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operations.

The effects of credit market volatility and changes in our credit ratings could adversely affect our liquidity and results of operations.
Our operating cash flows, combined with access to the credit markets, provide us with significant discretionary funding capacity. However, deterioration in the global credit markets may limit our ability to access credit markets, which could adversely affect our liquidity and/or increase our cost of borrowing. In addition, credit market deterioration and its actual or perceived effects on our results of operations and financial condition, along with deterioration in general economic conditions, may increase the likelihood that the major independent credit agencies will downgrade our credit ratings, which could increase our cost of borrowing. Increases in our cost of borrowing could adversely affect our consolidated results of operations.

Increases in income tax rates, changes in income tax laws or unfavorable resolution of tax matters could adversely impact our financial results.
Changes in tax laws or regulations in the jurisdictions in which we do business, or other tax law implementations or interpretations, could increase our effective tax rate, restrict our ability to repatriate undistributed offshore earnings, or impose new restrictions, costs or prohibitions on our current practices and reduce our net income and adversely affect our cash flows.

We are also subject to tax audits, including with respect to transfer pricing, in the United States and other jurisdictions and our tax positions may be challenged by tax authorities. Although we believe that our current tax provisions are reasonable and appropriate, there can be no assurance that these items will be settled for the amounts accrued, that additional tax exposures will not be identified in the future or that additional tax reserves will not be necessary for any such exposures. Any increase in the amount of taxation incurred as a result of challenges to our tax filing positions could result in a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments
None.

9



Item 2.  Properties
Cintas occupies 481 facilities located in 332 cities. Cintas leases 249 of these facilities for various terms ranging from monthly to the year 2032. Cintas expects that it will be able to renew or replace its leases on satisfactory terms. Of the five manufacturing facilities noted below, Cintas controls the operations of one manufacturing facility, but does not own or lease the real estate related to the operation. All remaining facilities are owned. The principal executive office in Cincinnati, Ohio, provides centrally located administrative functions including accounting, finance, marketing and computer system development and support. Cintas operates rental processing plants that house administrative, sales and service personnel and the necessary equipment involved in the cleaning of uniforms and bulk items, such as entrance mats and shop towels. Branch operations provide administrative, sales and service functions. Cintas operates 11 distribution centers and five manufacturing facilities. Cintas also operates first aid and safety and fire protection facilities and direct sales offices. Cintas considers the facilities it operates to be adequate for their intended use. Cintas owns or leases approximately 20,000 vehicles which are used for the route-based services and by the sales and management employee-partners.

The following chart provides additional information concerning Cintas' facilities:
Type of Facility
# of Facilities
 
 
 
 
Rental Processing Plants
211

 
Rental Branches
142

 
First Aid and Safety Facilities
60

 
All Other Facilities
52

 
Distribution Centers
11

(1) 
Manufacturing Facilities
5

 
Total
481

 
(1) Includes the principal executive office, which is attached to the distribution center in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Rental processing plants, rental branches, distribution centers and manufacturing facilities are used in Cintas' Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment. First aid and safety facilities, rental processing plants and distribution centers are used in the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment. Rental processing plants, rental branches, first aid and safety facilities, fire protection facilities, direct sales offices, distribution centers and manufacturing facilities are all utilized by the businesses included in All Other.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings
Cintas is subject to legal proceedings, insurance receipts, legal settlements and claims arising from the ordinary course of its business, including personal injury, customer contract, environmental and employment claims. In the opinion of management, the aggregate liability, if any, with respect to such ordinary course of business actions will not have a material adverse effect on the consolidated financial position, consolidated results of operations or consolidated cash flows of Cintas.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.


10



Part II
 

Item 5.  Market for Registrant's Common Equity,
Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Market Information
Cintas' common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol "CTAS." The following table provides the high and low sales prices of shares of Cintas' common stock by quarter during the last two fiscal years:
Fiscal 2019
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
High
 
Low
 
 
 
 
May 2019
$
227.64

 
$
191.91

February 2019
$
207.33

 
$
155.98

November 2018
$
217.34

 
$
168.02

August 2018
$
214.75

 
$
182.20

 
 
 
 
Fiscal 2018
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
High
 
Low
 
 
 
 
May 2018
$
184.22

 
$
162.11

February 2018
$
172.91

 
$
147.38

November 2017
$
157.81

 
$
131.75

August 2017
$
139.74

 
$
123.00


Holders
At May 31, 2019, there were approximately 2,000 shareholders of record of Cintas' common stock. Cintas believes that this represents approximately 144,000 beneficial owners.

Dividends
Dividends on Cintas' outstanding common stock have been paid annually and amounted to $2.05 per share, $1.62 per share and $1.33 per share in fiscal 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively.


11



Stock Performance Graph
The following graph summarizes the cumulative return on $100 invested in Cintas' common stock, the S&P 500 Stock Index and the common stocks of a selected peer group of companies. Because our products and services are diverse, Cintas does not believe that any single published industry index is appropriate for comparing shareholder return. Therefore, the peer group used in the performance graph combines publicly traded companies in the business services industry that have similar characteristics as Cintas for each fiscal year, such as route based delivery of products and services. The companies included in the Peer Group are UniFirst Corporation, ABM Industries, Inc. and Rollins, Inc.

Total shareholder return was based on the increase in the price of the common stock and assumed reinvestment of all dividends. Further, total return was weighted according to market capitalization of each company. The companies in the Peer Group are not the same as those considered by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors.

Total Shareholder Returns
Comparison of Five-Year Cumulative Total Return
totalreturnlinegrapha05.jpg


12



Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchases
Period
(In millions, except share and per share data)
Total number
of shares
purchased
 
Average
price paid
per share
 
Total number of
shares purchased
as part of the
publicly announced
plan (1)
 
Maximum
approximate dollar
value of shares that
may yet be
purchased under
the plan (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 1 - 31, 2019 (2)
410,974

 
$
203.25

 
410,051

 
$
780.1

April 1 - 30, 2019 (3)
34,342

 
$
214.57

 
34,030

 
$
772.8

May 1 - 31, 2019 (4)
1,433,251

 
$
221.17

 
1,429,730

 
$
456.6

Total
1,878,567

 
$
217.13

 
1,873,811

 
$
456.6


(1) On October 30, 2018, Cintas announced that the Board of Directors authorized a $1.0 billion share buyback program, which does not have an expiration date. From the inception of the October 30, 2018 share buyback program through May 31, 2019, Cintas has purchased a total of 2.7 million shares of Cintas common stock at an average price of $203.30 per share for a total purchase price of $543.4 million.
(2) During March 2019, Cintas acquired 923 shares of Cintas common stock in satisfaction of employee payroll taxes due on restricted stock awards that vested during the fiscal year. These shares were purchased at an average price of $200.72 per share for a total purchase price of $0.2 million.
(3) During April 2019, Cintas acquired 312 shares of Cintas common stock in satisfaction of employee payroll taxes due on restricted stock awards that vested during the fiscal year. These shares were purchased at an average price of $216.87 per share for a total purchase price of $0.1 million.
(4) During May 2019, Cintas acquired 3,521 shares of Cintas common stock in satisfaction of employee payroll taxes due on restricted stock awards that vested during the fiscal year. These shares were purchased at an average price of $221.76 per share for a total purchase price of $0.8 million.

13



Item 6.  Selected Financial Data
Five-Year Financial Summary
(In thousands except per share and percentage data)
Fiscal Years Ended May 31,
2015(1)
 
2016(1)
 
2017(1)(3)
 
2018(1)
 
2019(1)(2)
 
Compound
Annual
Growth
(2015-2019)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
4,369,677

 
$
4,795,772

 
$
5,323,381

 
$
6,476,632

 
$
6,892,303

 
12.1%
Net Income, Continuing Operations
402,553

 
448,605

 
457,286

 
783,932

 
882,635

 
21.7%
Net Income, Discontinued Operations
28,065

 
244,915

 
23,422

 
58,654

 
2,346

 
(46.2)%
Net Income
$
430,618


$
693,520


$
480,708

 
$
842,586

 
$
884,981

 
19.7%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic Earnings Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing Operations
$
3.44

 
$
4.08

 
$
4.27

 
$
7.24

 
$
8.23

 
24.4%
Discontinued Operations
0.24

 
2.22

 
0.22

 
0.54

 
0.02

 
(46.3)%
Basic Earnings Per Share
$
3.68

 
$
6.30

 
$
4.49

 
$
7.78

 
$
8.25

 
22.4%
Diluted Earnings Per Share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing Operations
$
3.39

 
$
4.02

 
$
4.17

 
$
7.03

 
$
7.97

 
23.8%
Discontinued Operations
0.24

 
2.19

 
0.21

 
0.53

 
0.02

 
(46.3)%
Diluted Earnings Per Share
$
3.63

 
$
6.21

 
$
4.38

 
$
7.56

 
$
7.99

 
21.8%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends Per Share
$
1.70

 
$
1.05

 
$
1.33

 
$
1.62

 
$
2.05

 
4.8%
Total Assets (4)
$
4,185,675

 
$
4,098,815

 
$
6,844,057

 
$
6,958,214

 
$
7,436,662

 
15.5%
Shareholders' Equity
$
1,932,455

 
$
1,842,659

 
$
2,302,793

 
$
3,016,526

 
$
3,002,721

 
11.6%
Return on Average Equity (5)
19.5
%
 
23.8
%
 
22.1
%
 
29.5
%
 
29.3
%
 
 
Long-Term Debt (4)
$
1,293,215

 
$
1,294,422

 
$ 3,133,524(6)

 
$
2,535,309

 
$
2,849,771

 
 

(1) 
In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance for the disposal of long-lived assets and discontinued operations, the results of Discontinued Services, Shredding and Storage have been excluded from continuing operations for all periods presented. Please see Note 17 entitled Discontinued Operations of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for additional information.

(2) 
In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance for revenue from contracts with customers, Cintas capitalizes commission expenses and amortizes them on a straight-line basis over the expected period of benefit. The current and noncurrent assets related to capitalized contract costs included in the consolidated balance sheet at May 31, 2019, totaled $69.6 million and $206.0 million, respectively. Historical periods presented prior to fiscal 2019 do not include capitalized contract costs, and, as a result, the information may not be comparable. Please see Note 2 entitled Revenue Recognition of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for additional information.

(3) 
Includes G&K results of operations from March 21, 2017 through May 31, 2017. Historical periods presented prior to fiscal 2017 do not include G&K, and, as a result, the information may not be comparable.

(4) 
In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance for simplifying the presentation of debt issuance costs, the debt costs related to recognized debt liabilities have been excluded from Total Assets and reclassified to Long-Term Debt as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liabilities. The impact of this change in accounting principle on balances previously reported for fiscal 2016 and 2015 were reclassifications of $5.6 million and $6.8 million, respectively, from other assets to long-term liabilities.

(5) 
Return on average equity is computed as net income from continuing operations divided by the average of shareholders' equity. We believe that disclosure of this non-GAAP financial measure gives management and shareholders a good indication of Cintas' historical performance.

(6) 
Includes issuance of approximately $2.1 billion in debt to fund the G&K acquisition. Please see Note 7 entitled Debt and Derivatives of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for additional information.



14



Item 7.  Management's Discussion and Analysis
of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Business Strategy
Cintas helps more than one million businesses of all types and sizes, primarily in North America, as well as Latin America, Europe and Asia, get Ready™ to open their doors with confidence every day by providing a wide range of products and services that enhance our customers’ image and help keep their facilities and employees clean, safe and looking their best. With products and services including uniforms, floor care, restroom supplies, first aid and safety products, fire extinguishers and testing and safety and compliance training, Cintas helps customers get Ready for the Workday™.

We are North America's leading provider of corporate identity uniforms through rental and sales programs, as well as a significant provider of related business services, including entrance mats, restroom cleaning services and supplies, carpet and tile cleaning services, first aid and safety services and fire protection products and services.

Cintas' principal objective is "to exceed customers' expectations in order to maximize the long-term value of Cintas for shareholders and working partners," and it provides the framework and focus for Cintas' business strategy. This strategy is to achieve revenue growth for all our products and services by increasing our penetration at existing customers and by broadening our customer base to include business segments to which we have not historically served. We will also continue to identify additional product and service opportunities for our current and future customers.

To pursue the strategy of increasing penetration, we have a highly talented and diverse team of service professionals visiting our customers on a regular basis. This frequent contact with our customers enables us to develop close personal relationships. The combination of our distribution system and these strong customer relationships provides a platform from which we launch additional products and services.

We pursue the strategy of broadening our customer base in several ways. Cintas has a national sales organization introducing all our products and services to prospects in all business segments. Our broad range of products and services allows our sales organization to consider any type of business a prospect. We also broaden our customer base through geographic expansion, especially in our first aid and safety and fire protection businesses. Finally, we evaluate strategic acquisitions as opportunities arise.

Results of Operations
Cintas classifies its business into two reportable operating segments and places the remainder of its operating segments in an All Other category. Cintas’ two reportable operating segments are Uniform Rental and Facility Services and First Aid and Safety Services. The Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment, consists of the rental and servicing of uniforms and other garments including flame resistant clothing, mats, mops and shop towels and other ancillary items. In addition to these rental items, restroom cleaning services and supplies, carpet and tile cleaning services and the sale of items from our catalogs to our customers on route are included within this reportable operating segment. The First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment consists of first aid and safety products and services. The remainder of Cintas’ business, which consists of Fire Protection Services and its Uniform Direct Sale business, is included in All Other. These operating segments consist of fire protection products and services and the direct sale of uniforms and related items. Cintas evaluates operating segment performance based on revenue and income before income taxes. Revenue and income before income taxes for each of these reportable operating segments for the years ended May 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017 are presented in Note 15 entitled Operating Segment Information of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements." The Company regularly reviews its operating segments for reporting purposes based on the information its chief operating decision maker regularly reviews for purposes of allocating resources and assessing performance and makes changes when appropriate.

On March 21, 2017, Cintas completed the acquisition of G&K Services, Inc. (G&K). G&K is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cintas that operates within the Uniform Rental and Facility Services operating segment. In fiscal 2018, Cintas sold a significant business referred to as "Discontinued Services." Prior to the sale of Discontinued Services, the operations were primarily included in All Other and classified as held for sale. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance for the disposal of long-lived assets and discontinued operations, the results of Discontinued Services have been excluded from both continuing operations and operating segment results for all periods presented. See Note 17 entitled Discontinued Operations of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for additional information.


15



In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)," to clarify revenue recognition principles. This guidance is intended to improve disclosure requirements and enhance the comparability of revenue recognition practices. Cintas adopted this ASU, and all the related amendments, effective June 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. See Note 1 entitled Significant Accounting Policies and Note 2 entitled Revenue Recognition of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for more information.

The following table sets forth certain consolidated statements of income data as a percent of revenue by reportable operating segment, All Other and in total for the fiscal years ended May 31:
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform Rental and Facility Services
80.6%
 
81.0%
 
79.0%
First Aid and Safety Services
9.0%
 
8.7%
 
9.5%
All Other
10.4%
 
10.3%
 
11.5%
Total revenue
100.0%
 
100.0%
 
100.0%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales:
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform Rental and Facility Services
54.5%
 
55.0%
 
54.9%
First Aid and Safety Services
52.0%
 
52.9%
 
54.7%
All Other
57.4%
 
57.5%
 
58.3%
Total cost of sales
54.6%
 
55.1%
 
55.3%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross margin:
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform Rental and Facility Services
45.5%
 
45.0%
 
45.1%
First Aid and Safety Services
48.0%
 
47.1%
 
45.3%
All Other
42.6%
 
42.5%
 
41.7%
Total gross margin
45.4%
 
44.9%
 
44.7%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling and administrative expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform Rental and Facility Services
27.6%
 
28.6%
 
27.1%
First Aid and Safety Services
33.4%
 
33.7%
 
34.9%
All Other
33.3%
 
33.9%
 
34.5%
Total selling and administrative expenses
28.7%
 
29.6%
 
28.7%
 
 
 
 
 
 
G&K Services, Inc. transaction and integration expenses
0.2%
 
0.6%
 
1.5%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of a cost method investment
1.0%
 
—%
 
—%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
1.5%
 
1.7%
 
1.6%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
16.0%

13.0%

12.9%

16



Fiscal 2019 Compared to Fiscal 2018
Fiscal 2019 total revenue was $6.9 billion, an increase of 6.4% over the prior fiscal year. Revenue increased organically by 6.5% as a result of increased sales volume. Organic growth adjusts for the impact of acquisitions, divestitures and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Total revenue was positively impacted by 0.2% due to acquisitions and negatively impacted by 0.3% due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

Organic growth by quarter for fiscal 2019 is as follows:
 
Organic Growth
 
 
First Quarter Ended August 31, 2018
5.2%
Second Quarter Ended November 30, 2018
7.0%
Third Quarter Ended February 28, 2019
6.0%
Fourth Quarter Ended May 31, 2019
7.6%
 
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2019
6.5%

Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment revenue consists predominantly of revenue derived from the rental of corporate identity uniforms and other garments, including flame resistant clothing, and the rental and/or sale of mats, mops, shop towels, restroom supplies and other rental services. Revenue from the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment increased 5.8% compared to fiscal 2018 due to an organic growth increase of 6.1%. Revenue growth was negatively impacted by 0.3% due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Revenue growth was a result of new business, the penetration of additional products and services into existing customers and price increases, partially offset by lost business. New business growth resulted from an increase in the number and productivity of sales representatives. Generally, sales productivity improvements are due to increased tenure and improved training, which produce a higher number of products and services sold.

Other revenue, consisting of revenue from the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other, increased 9.0% compared to fiscal 2018. Revenue increased organically by 7.8% primarily due to improved sales representative productivity. Revenue growth was positively impacted by 1.2% due to acquisitions.

Cost of uniform rental and facility services increased 4.9% compared to fiscal 2018. Cost of uniform rental and facility services consists primarily of production expenses, delivery expenses and the amortization of in service inventory, including uniforms, mats, shop towels and other ancillary items. The cost of uniform rental and facility services increase compared to fiscal 2018 was due to increased Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment sales volume from organic growth.

Cost of other consists primarily of cost of goods sold (predominantly first aid and safety products, uniforms and fire protection products), delivery expenses and distribution expenses in the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other. Cost of other increased 8.1% in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. The increase was primarily related to the increased sales volumes in the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other.

Selling and administrative expenses increased $63.9 million, or 3.3%, compared to fiscal 2018 primarily due to increases in labor and other employee-partner related expenses.

Operating income in both fiscal 2019 and 2018 was negatively impacted by $14.4 million and $41.9 million, respectively, of integration expenses incurred in connection with the G&K acquisition. The after-tax effect of these integration expenses represents a negative impact on diluted earnings per share of $0.10 per share in fiscal 2019 and $0.26 per share in fiscal 2018.

During fiscal 2019, Cintas sold a cost method investment for $73.3 million, resulting in a pre-tax gain of $69.4 million. The after-tax effect of the gain represents a positive impact on diluted earnings per share of $0.47 per share.

Net interest expense (interest expense less interest income) was $100.5 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $108.8 million in fiscal 2018. The decrease in net interest expense was primarily due to lower debt outstanding during the fiscal 2019 as a result of the payment of $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of our 6.13% 10-year senior notes

17



that matured on December 1, 2017. Also, during fiscal 2018, Cintas paid off the term loan balance of $250.0 million with cash on hand.
 
Income before income taxes was $1,102.4 million, an increase of $261.4 million, or 31.1%, compared to fiscal 2018. The increase in income before income taxes was primarily due to revenue growing at a faster pace than expenses, the gain on sale of a cost method investment and the decrease in integration expenses.

Cintas' effective tax rate on continuing operations was 19.9% for fiscal 2019 compared to 6.8% in fiscal 2018. The effective tax rate in both periods was impacted by certain discrete items (primarily the tax accounting for stock-based compensation). The effective tax rate for fiscal 2018 was also largely impacted by the one-time revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Act).

Net income from continuing operations for fiscal 2019 of $882.6 million was a 12.6% increase compared to fiscal 2018. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $7.97 was a 13.4% increase compared to fiscal 2018. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations increased primarily due to the increase in earnings from continuing operations explained above.

Uniform Rental and Facility Services Reportable Operating Segment
Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment revenue increased $305.3 million, or 5.8%, and the cost of uniform rental and facility services increased $140.6 million, or 4.9%, due to the reasons previously discussed. The reportable operating segment's fiscal 2019 gross margin was 45.5% of revenue compared to 45.0% in fiscal 2018. The increase in gross margin was driven by new business sold by sales representatives, penetration of additional products and services into existing customers and continuous improvements in process efficiency.

Selling and administrative expenses for the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment increased $33.1 million in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. Selling and administrative expense as a percent of revenue for fiscal 2019 was 27.6% compared to 28.6% in fiscal 2018. The decrease in selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue was due to revenue growing at a faster pace than labor and employee-partner related expenses and a one-time cash payment to employee-partners during fiscal 2018 following the enactment of the Tax Act.

The Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment incurred $14.4 million and $41.9 million of integration expenses directly related to the G&K acquisition in fiscal 2019 and 2018, respectively. The expenses incurred in fiscal 2019 consisted primarily of facility closure expenses.

Income before income taxes increased $159.1 million to $976.7 million for fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. Income before income taxes as a percent of revenue at 17.6% increased 200 basis points from 15.6% in fiscal 2018. The increase was primarily due to the increase in sales, the one-time cash payment to employee-partners in the prior year and the reduction in G&K integration expenses.

First Aid and Safety Services Reportable Operating Segment
First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment revenue increased $54.8 million in fiscal 2019, an 9.7% increase compared to fiscal 2018. Revenue increased organically by 9.7% as a result of increased sales volume. Revenue growth was positively impacted by 0.1% due to acquisitions and negatively impacted by 0.1% due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

Cost of sales for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment increased $23.5 million, or 7.9%, in fiscal 2019, primarily due to higher sales volume. Gross margin for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment is defined as revenue less cost of goods, warehouse expenses, service expenses and training expenses. The gross margin as a percent of revenue was 48.0% for fiscal 2019 compared to 47.1% in fiscal 2018. The increase was primarily driven by improved sourcing, leveraging of existing warehouses and optimization of delivery routes.

Selling and administrative expenses for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment increased by $16.4 million, or 8.6%, in fiscal 2019 compared to fiscal 2018. Selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue were 33.4% in fiscal 2019 compared to 33.7% in fiscal 2018. The decrease in selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue was due to revenue growing at a faster pace than labor and employee-partner related expenses and the one-time cash payment to employee-partners during fiscal 2018.


18



Income before income taxes for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment was $90.1 million in fiscal 2019, an increase of $14.9 million, or 19.8%, compared to fiscal 2018. Income before income taxes as a percent of revenue at 14.5%, increased from 13.3% in fiscal 2018 due to the previously discussed growth in revenue, improvement in the gross margin percentage and improvement in selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue.

Fiscal 2018 Compared to Fiscal 2017
Fiscal 2018 total revenue was $6.5 billion, an increase of 21.7% over the prior fiscal year. Revenue increased organically by 7.1% as a result of increased sales volume. Organic growth adjusts for the impact of acquisitions, divestitures and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Total revenue was positively impacted by 14.3% due to acquisitions, primarily G&K. Revenue growth was positively impacted by 0.3% due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

Organic growth by quarter for fiscal 2018 is as follows:
 
Organic Growth
 
 
First Quarter Ended August 31, 2017
8.3%
Second Quarter Ended November 30, 2017
7.7%
Third Quarter Ended February 28, 2018
7.8%
Fourth Quarter Ended May 31, 2018
5.1%
 
 
For the Fiscal Year Ended May 31, 2018
7.1%

Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment revenue consists predominantly of revenue derived from the rental of corporate identity uniforms and other garments, including flame resistant clothing, and the rental and/or sale of mats, mops, shop towels, restroom supplies and other rental services. Revenue from the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment increased 24.9% compared to fiscal 2017. Revenue was positively impacted by 17.9% due to acquisitions, primarily G&K. The remaining increase primarily resulted from an organic growth increase in revenue of 6.7%. The amount of new business grew, resulting from an increase in the number and productivity of sales representatives. Generally, sales productivity improvements are the result of increased tenure and improved training, which result in a higher number of products and services sold. Revenue growth was positively impacted by 0.3% due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations.

Other revenue, consisting of revenue from the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other, increased 9.7% compared to fiscal 2017. Revenue increased organically by 8.6% due primarily to improved sales representative productivity. Revenue growth was positively impacted by 0.1% due to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Acquisitions positively impacted revenue by 1.0%.

Cost of uniform rental and facility services increased 25.1% compared to fiscal 2017. Cost of uniform rental and facility services consists primarily of production expenses, delivery expenses and the amortization of in service inventory, including uniforms, mats, shop towels and other ancillary items. The cost of uniform rental and facility services increase compared to fiscal 2017 was due to increased Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment sales volume from organic growth and the acquired G&K sales volume.

Cost of other consists primarily of cost of goods sold (predominantly first aid and safety products, uniforms and fire protection products), delivery expenses and distribution expenses in the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other. Cost of other increased 7.2% in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. The increase was primarily related to the increased sales volumes in the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and All Other.

Selling and administrative expenses increased $389.4 million, or 25.5%, compared to fiscal 2017 due primarily to a one-time cash payment to employee-partners, increased labor and other employee-partner related expenses as a result of the acquisition of G&K, increased amortization expense related to intangible assets acquired as a result of the G&K acquisition and increased costs related to investments in a new enterprise resource planning system. The one-time cash payment to employee-partners was made following the enactment of the Tax Act, which was signed into legislation by the President on December 22, 2017. The one-time cash payment to employee-partners amounted to an expense of approximately $40 million, or 0.6% of total revenue. Operating income for fiscal 2018 was negatively impacted by $41.9 millio

19



n, or 0.6% of total revenue, from transaction and integration expenses incurred in connection with the G&K acquisition and $79.2 million, or 1.5% of total revenue, in fiscal 2017.

Net interest expense (interest expense less interest income) was $108.8 million in fiscal 2018 compared to $86.3 million in fiscal 2017. The increase in net interest expense is primarily due to the additional debt issued to finance the G&K acquisition.

Income before income taxes was $841.0 million, an increase of $153.6 million, or 22.3%, compared to fiscal 2017. The increase in income before income taxes was primarily due to revenue growing at a faster pace than expenses.

Cintas' effective tax rate on continuing operations was 6.8% for fiscal 2018 compared to 33.5% in fiscal 2017. The decrease was due to the impact of the Tax Act. The effective tax rate in fiscal 2017 was impacted by certain discrete items (primarily the tax accounting for stock-based compensation).

Net income from continuing operations for fiscal 2018 of $783.9 million was a 71.4% increase compared to fiscal 2017. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $7.03 was a 68.6% increase compared to fiscal 2017. Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations increased primarily due to the lower effective tax rate as a result of the Tax Act, the gain on the sale of Discontinued Services and higher gross margin.

Uniform Rental and Facility Services Reportable Operating Segment

Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment revenue increased $1,044.6 million, or 24.9%, and the cost of uniform rental and facility services increased $579.2 million, or 25.1%, as previously discussed. The reportable operating segment's fiscal 2018 gross margin was 45.0% of revenue compared to 45.1% in fiscal 2017. The slight decrease in gross margin was driven by the G&K acquisition, which had lower margins than the legacy Cintas margins. In addition, we incurred expected integration inefficiencies which impacted margins in the short-term.

Selling and administrative expenses for the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment increased $362.3 million in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. Selling and administrative expense as a percent of revenue for fiscal 2018 was 28.6% compared to 27.1% in fiscal 2017. The increase in selling and administrative expenses for the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment was primarily related to a onetime cash payment to employee-partners, increased labor and employee-partner related expenses as a result of the G&K acquisition, increased amortization expense related to intangibles acquired as a result of the G&K acquisition and an investment in an enterprise resource planning system.

As a result of the G&K acquisition, the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment incurred $41.9 million of transaction and integration expenses directly related to the acquisition. The expenses incurred in fiscal 2018 consisted of lease cancellation costs, facility closure expenses and other integration related expenses.

Income before income taxes increased $140.5 million to $817.6 million for fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. Income before income taxes as a percent of revenue at 15.6% decreased 50 basis points from 16.1% in fiscal 2017. The decrease is primarily due to the increase in selling and administrative expenses as previously discussed.

First Aid and Safety Services Reportable Operating Segment

First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment revenue increased $56.5 million in fiscal 2018, an 11.1% increase compared to fiscal 2017. Revenue increased organically by 10.5% as a result of increased sales volume. Revenue growth was positively impacted by 0.5% due to acquisitions.

Cost of first aid and safety services increased $20.9 million, or 7.5%, in fiscal 2018, due primarily to higher sales volume. Gross margin for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment is defined as revenue less cost of goods, warehouse expenses, service expenses and training expenses. The gross margin as a percent of revenue was 47.1% for fiscal 2018 compared to 45.3% in fiscal 2017. The increase was driven primarily by improved sourcing, leveraging of existing warehouses and optimization of delivery routes.

Selling and administrative expenses for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment increased by $13.2 million, or 7.4%, in fiscal 2018 compared to fiscal 2017. The increase was due primarily to increased labor, including a one-time cash payment to employee-partners. Selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue

20



were 33.7% in fiscal 2018 compared to 34.9% in fiscal 2017. The decrease in selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue was due to revenue growing at a faster pace than labor and employee-partner related expenses.

Income before income taxes was $75.2 million in fiscal 2018, an increase of $22.4 million, or 42.5%, compared to fiscal 2017. Income before income taxes as a percent of revenue at 13.3%, increased from 10.4% in fiscal 2017 due to the previously discussed growth in revenue, improvement in the gross margin percentage and improvement in selling and administrative expenses as a percent of revenue.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
The following table summarizes our cash flows and cash and cash equivalents as of and for the fiscal years ended May 31:
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
1,067,862

 
$
964,160

Net cash used in investing activities
$
(235,638
)
 
$
(135,698
)
Net cash used in financing activities
$
(873,305
)
 
$
(864,140
)
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
$
96,645

 
$
138,724


Cash and cash equivalents as of May 31, 2019 and 2018 include $28.5 million and $33.9 million, respectively, that is located outside of the United States.

Cash flows provided by operating activities have historically supplied us with a significant source of liquidity. We generally use these cash flows to fund most, if not all, of our operations and expansion activities and dividends on our common stock. We may also use cash flows provided by operating activities, as well as proceeds from long-term debt and short-term borrowings, to fund growth and expansion opportunities, as well as other cash requirements such as the repurchase of our common stock and payment of long-term debt.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $1.1 billion for fiscal 2019, which was an increase of $103.7 million compared to fiscal 2018. The increase was the result of higher net income and favorable changes in deferred taxes, partially offset by changes in working capital.

Net cash used in investing activities was $235.6 million in fiscal 2019 compared to $135.7 million in fiscal 2018. Capital expenditures were $276.7 million and $271.7 million for fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018, respectively. Capital expenditures for fiscal 2019 included $220.4 million for the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment and $36.8 million for the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment. Cash paid for acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired, was $9.8 million and $19.3 million for fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018, respectively. The acquisitions in both fiscal 2019 and 2018 occurred in our Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment, our First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segment and our Fire Protection business, which is included in All Other. In fiscal 2019, investing activities included proceeds of $73.3 million from the sale of a cost method investment and $3.2 million from the sale of a business included in discontinued operations, and during fiscal 2018, included proceeds of $127.8 million related to the sale of Discontinued Services. Net cash used in investing activities also included $17.8 million of investment purchases during fiscal 2019 and net proceeds of $26.1 million from purchases and redemptions of marketable securities and investments during fiscal 2018.

Net cash used in financing activities was $873.3 million for fiscal 2019, compared to $864.1 million in fiscal 2018. The increase in fiscal 2019 from fiscal 2018 is primarily due to the repurchase of common stock in fiscal 2019. On August 2, 2016, we announced that the Board of Directors authorized a $500.0 million share buyback program. During fiscal 2019, under the August 2, 2016 share buyback program, we purchased a total of 2.1 million shares of Cintas common stock at an average price of $192.55 per share for a total purchase price of $410.0 million to complete the August 2, 2016 share buyback program. On October 30, 2018, we announced that the Board of Directors authorized a new $1.0 billion share buyback program, which does not have an expiration date. During fiscal 2019, under this new program, we purchased 2.7 million shares of Cintas common stock at an average price of $203.30 for a total purchase price of $543.4 million. During fiscal 2018, under the August 2, 2016 share buyback program, we purchased 0.5 million shares of Cintas common at an average price of $173.51 per share for a total purchase price of $90.0 million. Subsequent to May 31, 2019 through July 26, 2019, under the new share buyback program, Cintas purchased 0.8 million shares at an average price of $230.66 per share for a total purchase price of $193.1 million. From the inception of the October 30, 2018 share buyba

21



ck program through July 26, 2019, Cintas has purchased a total of 3.5 million shares of Cintas common stock at an average price of $209.82 for a total purchase price of $736.5 million. Also, for the fiscal year ended May 31, 2019, Cintas acquired 0.3 million shares of Cintas common stock in satisfaction of employee payroll taxes due on restricted stock awards that vested during the fiscal year. These shares were acquired at an average price of $204.50 per share for a total purchase price of $62.9 million.

On October 30, 2018, Cintas declared an annual cash dividend of $2.05 per share on outstanding common stock, a
26.5% increase over the annual dividend paid in the prior year. The dividend was paid on December 7, 2018 to shareholders of record as of November 9, 2018. This marked the 36th consecutive year that Cintas has increased its annual dividend, every year since going public in 1983.

During the fiscal year ended May 31, 2019, Cintas issued a net total of $112.5 million of commercial paper and received proceeds of $200.0 million as a result of a new term loan. During fiscal 2018, Cintas paid a net total of $50.5 million of commercial paper and paid off the term loan balance of $250.0 million with cash on hand. On December 1, 2017, Cintas paid the $300.0 million aggregate principal amount of its 6.13% 10-year senior notes that matured on that date with cash on hand and proceeds from the issuance of commercial paper.

The following table summarizes Cintas' outstanding debt at May 31:
(In thousands)
Interest
 Rate
 
Fiscal Year
Issued
 
Fiscal Year
Maturity
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt due within one year
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial paper
2.68
%
(1) 
2019
 
2020
 
$
112,500

 
$

Term loan
3.06
%
(1) 
2019
 
2020
 
200,000

 

Debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
(236
)
 

Total debt due within one year
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
312,264

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt due after one year
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior notes
4.30
%
 
2012
 
2022
 
$
250,000

 
$
250,000

Senior notes
2.90
%
 
2017
 
2022
 
650,000

 
650,000

Senior notes
3.25
%
 
2013
 
2023
 
300,000

 
300,000

Senior notes (2)
2.78
%
 
2013
 
2023
 
51,684

 
52,119

Senior notes (3)
3.11
%
 
2015
 
2025
 
51,973

 
52,309

Senior notes
3.70
%
 
2017
 
2027
 
1,000,000

 
1,000,000

Senior notes
6.15
%
 
2007
 
2037
 
250,000

 
250,000

Debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
(16,150
)
 
(19,119
)
   Total debt due after one year
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
2,537,507

 
$
2,535,309

(1)     Variable rate debt instrument. The rate presented is the variable borrowing rate at May 31, 2019.

(2)
Cintas assumed these senior notes with the acquisition of G&K in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, and they were recorded at fair value. The interest rate shown above is the effective interest rate. The principal amount of these notes is $50.0 million with a stated interest rate of 3.73%.
(3)  
Cintas assumed these senior notes with the acquisition of G&K in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, and they were recorded at fair value. The interest rate shown above is the effective interest rate. The principal amount of these notes is $50.0 million with a stated interest rate of 3.88%.
The credit agreement that supports our commercial paper program was amended and restated on May 24, 2019. The amendment increased the capacity of the revolving credit facility from $600.0 million to $1.0 billion and created a new term loan of $200.0 million. The credit agreement has an accordion feature that provides Cintas the ability to request increases to the borrowing commitments under either the revolving credit facility or the term loan of up to $250.0 million in the aggregate, subject to customary conditions. The maturity date of the revolving credit facility is May 22, 2024, and the maturity date of the term loan is May 22, 2020, which can be extended 12 months, annually, for up to four years. As of May 31, 2019, there was $112.5 million of commercial paper outstanding with a weighted average interest rate of 2.7% and maturity dates less than 30 days and no borrowings on our revolving credit facility. No commercial paper or borrowings on our revolving credit facility were outstanding at May 31, 2018.


22



Cintas has certain covenants related to debt agreements. These covenants limit Cintas' ability to incur certain liens, to engage in sale-leaseback transactions and to merge, consolidate or sell all or substantially all of Cintas' assets. These covenants also require Cintas to maintain certain debt to consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) and interest coverage ratios. Cross-default provisions exist between certain debt instruments. If a default of a significant covenant were to occur, the default could result in an acceleration of the maturity of the indebtedness, impair liquidity and limit the ability to raise future capital. Cintas was in compliance with all of the debt covenants for all periods presented.

Our access to the commercial paper and long-term debt markets has historically provided us with sources of liquidity.  We do not anticipate having difficulty in obtaining financing from those markets in the future in view of our favorable experiences in the debt markets in the recent past. Our ability to continue to access the commercial paper and long-term debt markets on favorable interest rate and other terms will depend, to a significant degree, on the ratings assigned by the credit rating agencies to our indebtedness. As of May 31, 2019, our ratings were as follows:
Rating Agency
 
Outlook
 
Commercial Paper
 
Long-term Debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Standard & Poor’s
 
Stable
 
A-2
 
A-
Moody’s Investors Service
 
Stable
 
P-2
 
A3

In the event that the ratings of our commercial paper or our outstanding long-term debt issues were substantially lowered or withdrawn for any reason, or if the ratings assigned to any new issue of long-term debt securities were significantly lower than those noted above, particularly if we no longer had investment grade ratings, our ability to access the debt markets may be adversely affected. In addition, in such a case, our cost of funds for new issues of commercial paper and long-term debt would be higher than our cost of funds would have been had the ratings of those new issues been at or above the level of the ratings noted above. The rating agency ratings are not recommendations to buy, sell or hold our commercial paper or debt securities. Each rating may be subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating organization and should be evaluated independently of any other rating. Moreover, each credit rating is specific to the security to which it applies.
 
To monitor our credit rating and our capacity for long-term financing, we consider various qualitative and quantitative factors. One such factor is the ratio of our total debt to EBITDA. For the purpose of this calculation, debt is defined as the sum of short-term borrowings, long-term debt due within one year, obligations under capital leases due in one year, long-term debt, long-term obligations under capital leases and standby letters of credit. 
Contractual Obligations
 
Payments Due by Period
(In thousands)
Total
 
One year
or less
 
Two to
three years
 
Four to
five years
 
After five
years
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt (1)
$
2,862,500

 
$
312,500

 
$
900,000

 
$
350,000

 
$
1,300,000

Operating leases (2)
223,241

 
54,027

 
82,280

 
46,968

 
39,966

Interest payments (3)
708,985

 
102,802

 
185,685

 
115,370

 
305,128

Unconditional purchase obligations

 

 

 

 

Total contractual cash obligations
$
3,794,726

 
$
469,329

 
$
1,167,965

 
$
512,338

 
$
1,645,094

(1) 
See Note 7 entitled Debt and Derivatives of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for a detailed presentation of Cintas' debt.
(2) 
Operating leases consist primarily of operational facility leases and vehicle leases.
(3) 
Interest payments could include interest on both fixed and variable rate debt. As of May 31, 2019, Cintas had approximately $312.5 million of variable rate debt outstanding, which consisted of $112.5 million of commercial paper and a $200.0 million term loan. The interest payments for variable rate debt were estimated using forecasted rates in future years.
Cintas also makes payments to defined contribution plans and may make payments to defined benefit plans to satisfy minimum funding requirements. The amount of contributions made to the defined contribution plans are at the discretion of the Board of Directors of Cintas. Future contributions to the defined contribution plans are expected to be $73.6 million in the next year, $158.4 million in the next two to three years and $174.7 million in the next four to five years. Future contributions to the defined benefit plans are expected to be $3.1 million in the next year, $6.1 million in the next two to three years and $6.1 million in the next four to five years.

23



Other Commitments
 
Amount of Commitment Expiration per Period
(In thousands)
Total
 
One year
or less
 
Two to
three years
 
Four to
five years
 
After five
years
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lines of credit (1)
$
887,377

 
$

 
$

 
$
887,377

 
$

Standby letters of credit and surety bonds (2)
120,637

 
120,637

 

 

 

Total other commitments
$
1,008,014

 
$
120,637

 
$

 
$
887,377

 
$

(1) 
Back-up facility for the commercial paper program (reference Note 7 entitled Debt and Derivatives of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for further discussion).
(2) 
These standby letters of credit and surety bonds support certain outstanding debt (reference Note 7 entitled Debt and Derivatives of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements"), self-insured workers' compensation and general liability insurance programs.
Inflation and Changing Prices
Changes in wages, benefits and energy costs have the potential to materially impact Cintas' consolidated financial results. Management believes inflation has not had a material impact on Cintas' consolidated financial condition or a negative impact on consolidated results of operations.

Litigation and Other Contingencies
Cintas is subject to legal proceedings, insurance receipts, legal settlements and claims arising from the ordinary course of its business, including personal injury, customer contract, environmental and employment claims. In the opinion of management, the aggregate liability, if any, with respect to such ordinary course of business actions will not have a material adverse effect on the consolidated financial position, consolidated results of operations or consolidated cash flows of Cintas.

New Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)," to clarify revenue recognition principles. This guidance is intended to improve disclosure requirements and enhance the comparability of revenue recognition practices. Improved disclosures under the amended guidance relate to the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized from contracts with customers. We adopted ASU 2014-09, and all the related amendments, effective June 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. ASU 2014-09 requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Upon adoption of ASU 2014-09, we recorded an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings as of June 1, 2018. The adjustment to retained earnings primarily relates to the capitalization of certain direct and incremental contract costs required by the new guidance. Capitalized costs are amortized ratably over the anticipated period of benefit. We applied ASU 2014-09 only to contracts that were not completed prior to fiscal 2019. Results for reporting periods beginning after May 31, 2018 are presented under ASU 2014-09, while comparative prior period amounts have not been restated and continue to be presented under accounting standards in effect in those periods.

There were two implementation adjustments upon adoption of ASU 2014-09: (1) capitalization of certain direct and incremental contract costs and (2) the timing of revenue recognition for certain contracts with customers that create an asset with no alternative use to the Company and an enforceable right of payment from the customer upon termination. Adoption of ASU 2014-09 impacted the Company's previously reported results as of May 31, 2018 as follows:
Capitalization of Contract Costs. The Company has elected to apply the guidance, as a practical expedient, to a portfolio of contracts (or performance obligations) with similar characteristics because the Company reasonably expects that the effects on the consolidated financial statements of applying this guidance to the portfolio would not differ materially from applying this guidance to the individual contracts within the portfolio. The Company also continues to expense certain costs to obtain a contract if those costs do not meet the criteria of the new standard or the amortization period of the asset would have been one year or less.

24



Assets With No Alternative Use. For our Uniform Direct Sale business, our revenue, prior to the adoption of ASU 2014-09, was primarily generated from the sale of finished products to customers as products are shipped and title passes to the customers. For certain contracts with customers, the Company creates an asset with no alternative use to the Company, and the Company has an enforceable right to payment for performance completed to date. For these contracts, we have moved from a point-in-time model to an over-time model in which our measure of progress is finished goods with no alternative use in accordance with the provisions of ASU 2014-09. We expect ASU 2014-09 will have no cash impact and will not affect the economics of our underlying customer contracts.
 
 
 
Impacts of Adopting
ASU 2014-09
 
 
(In thousands)
May 31,
2018
 
Capitalization of
Contract Costs
 
Assets With No
Alternative Use
 
June 1,
2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
$
804,583

 
$

 
$
13,426

 
$
818,009

Inventories, net
280,347

 

 
(11,265
)
 
269,082

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
32,383

 
63,463

 

 
95,846

Total current assets
1,977,932

 
63,463

 
2,161

 
2,043,556

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other assets, net
29,315

 
187,503

 

 
216,818

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
6,958,214

 
$
250,966

 
$
2,161

 
$
7,211,341

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes
$
352,581

 
$
63,389

 
$
546

 
$
416,516

Total long-term liabilities
3,165,831

 
63,389

 
546

 
3,229,766

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained earnings
5,837,827

 
187,577

 
1,615

 
6,027,019

Total shareholders' equity
3,016,526

 
187,577

 
1,615

 
3,205,718

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
6,958,214

 
$
250,966

 
$
2,161

 
$
7,211,341


The impacts of adopting ASU 2014-09 on our fiscal 2019 consolidated financial statements are presented in the following tables:
 
Fiscal year ended May 31, 2019
Consolidated Statement of Income
(In thousands)
As
Reported
 
Under Historical
Guidance
 
Impact of Adopting
ASU 2014-09
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform rental and facility services
$
5,552,430

 
$
5,557,056

 
$
(4,626
)
Other
1,339,873

 
1,337,954

 
1,919

Total revenue
6,892,303

 
6,895,010

 
(2,707
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of other
736,116

 
735,703

 
413

Selling and administrative expenses
1,980,644

 
2,006,134

 
(25,490
)
Operating income
1,133,534

 
1,111,164

 
22,370

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
1,102,399

 
1,080,029

 
22,370

Income taxes
219,764

 
214,306

 
5,458

Income from continuing operations
882,635

 
865,723

 
16,912

Net income
$
884,981

 
$
868,069

 
$
16,912

 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
$
7.99

 
$
7.84

 
$
0.15



25



 
As of May 31, 2019
Consolidated Balance Sheet
(In thousands)
As
Reported
 
Under Historical
Guidance
 
Impact of Adopting
ASU 2014-09
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable, net
$
910,120

 
$
894,301

 
$
15,819

Inventories, net
334,589

 
346,267

 
(11,678
)
Income taxes, current
7,475

 
7,904

 
(429
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
103,318

 
33,759

 
69,559

Total current assets
2,236,280

 
2,163,009

 
73,271

 
 
 
 
 
 
Other assets, net
240,315

 
38,518

 
201,797

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
7,436,662

 
$
7,161,594

 
$
275,068

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes
$
438,179

 
$
369,215

 
$
68,964

Total long-term liabilities
3,306,208

 
3,237,244

 
68,964

 
 
 
 
 
 
Retained earnings
6,691,236

 
6,485,132

 
206,104

Total shareholders' equity
3,002,721

 
2,796,617

 
206,104

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
7,436,662

 
$
7,161,594

 
$
275,068

The adoption of ASU 2014-09 had no impact to the Company's fiscal 2019 operating cash flow, and the only impact of the adoption on our fiscal 2019 consolidated statement of comprehensive income was the impact to net income as presented in the table above.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” as amended. The new standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Topic 842 provides a number of optional practical expedients in transition, and we have determined to use certain of these practical expedients. The Company plans to elect the package of practical expedients permitted under Topic 842, which allows a lessee to carryforward their population of existing leases, the classification of each lease, as well as the treatment of initial direct costs as of the period of adoption. The Company also plans to elect the practical expedient related to lease and non-lease components, as an accounting policy election for all asset classes, which allows a lessee to not separate non-lease from lease components and instead account for consideration paid in a contract as a single lease component. In addition, the Company plans to elect the short-term lease recognition exemption for all leases with a term of 12 months or less, which means it will not recognize right-of-use assets or lease liabilities for these leases. The Company does not expect to elect the use-of-hindsight practical expedient. This guidance will be adopted by the Company on June 1, 2019. In accordance with Topic 842, a registrant can elect not to present comparative financial information under Topic 842 if it recognizes a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings upon adoption. The Company intends to make this transition election. The Company has implemented a new lease system in connection with the adoption of Topic 842. The majority of our lease spend relates to certain real estate with the remaining lease spend primarily related to vehicles and equipment. Based on the Company's portfolio of leases at May 31, 2019, approximately $160.0 million to $185.0 million of lease assets and liabilities will be recognized on the balance sheet upon adoption. We do not expect a material impact on the consolidated statements of income or consolidated statements of cash flows. The Company is substantially complete with its implementation efforts.
 
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, “Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments.” ASU 2016-15 makes eight targeted changes to how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company’s adoption of this standard on June 1, 2018 did not have a material impact on its consolidated statements of cash flows.


26



In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.” ASU 2017-04 eliminates the two-step process that required identification of potential impairment and a separate measure of the actual impairment. Goodwill impairment charges, if any, would be determined by the difference between a reporting unit's carrying value and its fair value (impairment loss is limited to the carrying value). This standard is effective for annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests beginning after December 15, 2019. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, “Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Costs.” ASU 2017-07 continues to require the service component of pension and other postretirement benefit costs to be presented in the same line item as other employee compensation costs on the consolidated statement of income and changes the presentation of other components of net benefit cost so that these items will be presented outside of operating income within the consolidated statements of income. Cintas retrospectively adopted ASU 2017-07 on June 1, 2017. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, “Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities.” ASU 2017-12 better aligns an entity’s risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and the presentation of hedge results. Among other amendments, the update allows entities to designate the variability in cash flows attributable to changes in a contractually specified component stated in the contract as the hedged risk in a cash flow hedge of a forecasted purchase or sale of a nonfinancial asset. This standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. We adopted the standard effective as of June 1, 2018, and the effect of adoption of this standard did not have a material impact to our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, "Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income." ASU 2018-02 allows entities to elect to reclassify the income tax effects of the Tax Act on items within accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings and requires additional related disclosures. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Cintas is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2018-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” ASU 2016-13 will replace the incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. In connection with recognizing credit losses on receivables and other financial instruments, Cintas will be required to use a forward-looking expected loss model rather than the incurred loss model. This standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this standard will be through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. Cintas is currently evaluating the impact that ASU 2016-13 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

No other new accounting pronouncement recently issued or newly effective had or is expected to have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

27



Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of Cintas' consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and judgments that have a significant effect on the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. These critical accounting policies should be read in conjunction with Note 1 entitled Significant Accounting Policies of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements." Significant changes, estimates or assumptions related to any of the following critical accounting policies could possibly have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.
Revenue recognition
Rental revenue, which is recorded in the Uniform Rental and Facility Services reportable operating segment, is recognized when services are performed. Other revenue, which is recorded in the First Aid and Safety Services reportable operating segments and All Other, is recognized when either services are performed or the obligations under the terms of a contract with a customer are satisfied. See Note 2 entitled Revenue Recognition of the "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for more information on Cintas' revenue.

Uniforms and other rental items in service
Uniforms and other rental items in service are valued at cost less amortization, calculated using the straight-line method. Uniforms in service (other than cleanroom and flame resistant clothing) are amortized over their useful life of 18 months. Other rental items, including shop towels, mats, mops, cleanroom garments, flame resistant clothing, linens and restroom dispensers, are amortized over their useful lives, which range from 8 to 60 months. The amortization rates used are based on industry experience, Cintas' specific experience and wear tests performed by Cintas. These factors are critical to determining the amount of in service inventory and related cost of uniforms and ancillary products that are presented in the consolidated financial statements.

Property and equipment
Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets based on industry and Cintas specific experience, which is typically 30 to 40 years for buildings, 5 to 20 years for building improvements, 3 to 10 years for equipment and 2 to 15 years for leasehold improvements. When events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of long-lived assets may not be recoverable, the estimated undiscounted future cash flows are compared to the carrying amount of the assets. If the estimated undiscounted future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss is recorded based on the excess of the carrying amount of the assets over their respective fair values. Fair value is generally determined by discounted cash flows or based on prices of similar assets, as appropriate. Cintas did not identify any indicators of impairment for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2019 and 2018.

Goodwill
Goodwill, obtained through acquisitions of businesses, is valued at cost less any impairment. Cintas completes an annual impairment test, that includes an assessment of qualitative factors including, but not limited to, macroeconomic conditions, industry and market conditions, and entity specific factors such as strategies and financial performance. We test for goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level. Cintas has identified four reporting units for purposes of evaluating goodwill impairment: Uniform Rental and Facility Services, First Aid and Safety Services and two reporting units within All Other. Based on the results of the annual impairment tests, Cintas was not required to recognize an impairment of goodwill for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2019, 2018 or 2017. Cintas will continue to perform impairment tests as of March 1 in future years and when indicators of impairment exist.

Service contracts and other assets
Service contracts and other assets, which consist primarily of noncompete and consulting agreements obtained through acquisitions of businesses, are amortized by use of the straight-line method over the estimated lives of the agreements, which are generally 5 to 10 years. The G&K service contract asset is being amortized over a period of 15 years, which represents the estimated life of the economic benefit and the asset amortization is based on the annual economic value of the underlying asset, which generally decreases over the 15-year term. Certain noncompete agreements, as well as all service contracts, require that a valuation be determined using a discounted cash flow model. The assumptions and judgments used in these models involve estimates of cash flows and discount rates, among other factors. Because of the assumptions used to value these intangible assets, actual results over time could vary from original estimates. Impairment of service contracts and other assets is accomplished through specific identification. No impairment has been recognized by Cintas for the fiscal years ended May 31, 2019, 2018 or 2017.

28



Business Combinations
Accounting for acquisitions requires us to recognize separately from goodwill the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed at their acquisition date fair values. Goodwill as of the acquisition date is measured as the excess of consideration transferred over the net of the acquisition date fair values of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed. While we use our best estimates and assumptions to accurately value assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date as well as contingent consideration, where applicable, our estimates are inherently uncertain and subject to refinement.  As a result, during the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, we record adjustments to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed with the corresponding offset to goodwill. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the values of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to our consolidated statements of income.
 
General insurance liabilities
General insurance liabilities represent the estimated ultimate cost of all asserted and unasserted claims incurred, primarily related to worker's compensation, auto liability and other general liability exposure through the consolidated balance sheet dates. Our reserves are estimated through actuarial procedures of the insurance industry and by using industry assumptions, adjusted for specific expectations based on our claims history. Cintas records an increase or decrease in selling and administrative expenses related to development of prior claims, higher claims activity and other environmental factors in the period in which it becomes known. These changes in estimates may be material to the consolidated financial statements.

Stock-based compensation
Compensation expense is recognized for all share-based payments to employees, including stock options and restricted stock awards, in the consolidated statements of income based on the fair value of the awards that are granted. The fair value of stock options is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. Generally, measured compensation cost, net of estimated forfeitures, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the related share-based compensation award. See Note 13 entitled Stock-Based Compensation of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for further information.

Litigation and other contingencies
Cintas is subject to legal proceedings and claims arising from the ordinary course of its business, including personal injury, customer contract, environmental and employment claims. U.S. GAAP requires that a liability for contingencies be recorded when it is probable that a liability has occurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated. Significant judgment is required to determine the existence of a liability, as well as the amount to be recorded. While a significant change in assumptions and judgments could have a material impact on the amounts recorded for contingent liabilities, Cintas does not believe that they will result in a material adverse effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Income taxes
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined by the differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities. See Note 9 entitled Income Taxes of "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for the types of items that give rise to significant deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Deferred income taxes are classified as assets or liabilities based on the classification of the related asset or liability for financial reporting purposes. Cintas regularly reviews deferred tax assets for recoverability based upon projected future taxable income and the expected timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences. Although realization is not assured, management believes it is more likely than not that the recorded deferred tax assets, as adjusted for valuation allowances, will be realized.
Accounting for uncertain tax positions requires the determination of whether tax benefits claimed or expected to be claimed on a tax return should be recorded in the consolidated financial statements. Companies may recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the consolidated financial statements from such a position should be measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement.
Cintas is periodically reviewed by domestic and foreign tax authorities regarding the amount of taxes due. These reviews include questions regarding the timing and amount of deductions and the allocation of income among various tax jurisdictions. In evaluating the exposure associated with various filing positions, Cintas records reserves as deemed appropriate. Based on Cintas' evaluation of current tax positions, Cintas believes its tax related accruals are appropriate.

29



Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Earnings may be affected by changes in short-term interest rates due to investments, if any, in marketable securities and money market accounts and periodic issuances of commercial paper. If short-term rates changed by one-half percent (or 50 basis points), Cintas' income before income taxes would change by approximately $1.1 million. This estimated exposure considers the effects on investments. This analysis does not consider the effects of a change in economic activity or a change in Cintas' capital structure.

Through its foreign operations, Cintas is exposed to foreign currency risk. Foreign currency exposures arise from transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency and from foreign denominated revenue and profit translated into U.S. dollars. Foreign denominated revenue and profit represents less than 10% of Cintas' consolidated revenue and profit. Cintas periodically uses foreign currency hedges such as average rate options and forward contracts to mitigate the risk of foreign currency exchange rate movements resulting from foreign currency revenue and from international cash flows. The primary foreign currency to which Cintas is exposed is the Canadian dollar.

30



Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements
Audited Consolidated Financial Statements for the Fiscal Years Ended May 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017



31



Management's Report on
Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 

To the Shareholders of Cintas Corporation:
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15(d)-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of our financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Accordingly, even an effective system of internal control over financial reporting will provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation.
With the supervision of our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, management assessed our internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2019. Management based its assessment on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Management's assessment included evaluation of such elements as the design and operating effectiveness of key financial reporting controls, process documentation, accounting policies and our overall control environment. This assessment is supported by testing and monitoring performed by our internal audit function.
Based on our assessment, management has concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of May 31, 2019, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external reporting purposes in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
We reviewed the results of management's assessment with the Audit Committee of our Board of Directors. Additionally, our independent registered public accounting firm, Ernst & Young LLP, independently assessed the effectiveness of Cintas Corporation's internal control over financial reporting. Ernst & Young LLP has issued an attestation report, which is included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Scott D. Farmer
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
 
J. Michael Hansen
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

32



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Cintas Corporation

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We have audited Cintas Corporation’s internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Cintas Corporation (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2019, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of May 31, 2019 and 2018, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended May 31, 2019, and the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(a), and our report dated July 26, 2019, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon. 

Basis for Opinion
The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying “Report of Management”. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
 
 

Cincinnati, Ohio
July 26, 2019

33



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 

To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of Cintas Corporation
 
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Cintas Corporation (the Company) as of May 31, 2019 and 2018, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended May 31, 2019, and the related notes and financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(a) (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at May 31, 2019 and 2018, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended May 31, 2019, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of May 31, 2019, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework), and our report dated July 26, 2019, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Adoption of New Accounting Standard
As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed its method of accounting for revenue from contracts with customers and recognizing costs related to obtaining customer contracts in the period ended May 31, 2019.

Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
 
 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1968
Cincinnati, Ohio
July 26, 2019


34



Consolidated
Statements of Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended May 31,
(In thousands except per share data)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Uniform rental and facility services
$
5,552,430

 
$
5,247,124

 
$
4,202,490

Other
1,339,873

 
1,229,508

 
1,120,891

Total revenue
6,892,303

 
6,476,632

 
5,323,381

 
 
 
 
 
 
Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of uniform rental and facility services
3,027,599

 
2,886,959

 
2,307,774

Cost of other
736,116

 
681,150

 
635,312

Selling and administrative expenses
1,980,644

 
1,916,792

 
1,527,380

G&K Services, Inc. transaction and integration expenses
14,410

 
41,897

 
79,224

Operating income
1,133,534

 
949,834

 
773,691

 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of a cost method investment
69,373

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
(1,228
)
 
(1,342
)
 
(237
)
Interest expense
101,736

 
110,175

 
86,524

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
1,102,399

 
841,001

 
687,404

Income taxes
219,764

 
57,069

 
230,118

Income from continuing operations
882,635

 
783,932

 
457,286

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax of $757,
$35,313 and $15,057, respectively
2,346

 
58,654

 
23,422

Net income
$
884,981

 
$
842,586

 
$
480,708

 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
8.23

 
$
7.24

 
$
4.27

Discontinued operations
0.02

 
0.54

 
0.22

Basic earnings per share
$
8.25

 
$
7.78

 
$
4.49

 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
7.97

 
$
7.03

 
$
4.17

Discontinued operations
0.02

 
0.53

 
0.21

Diluted earnings per share
$
7.99

 
$
7.56

 
$
4.38

 
 
 
 
 
 
Dividends declared and paid per share
$
2.05

 
$
1.62

 
$
1.33



See accompanying notes.


35



Consolidated Statements
of Comprehensive Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiscal Years Ended May 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
884,981

 
$
842,586

 
$
480,708

 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(21,572
)
 
19,276

 
(10,252
)
Change in fair value of interest rate lock agreements
(27,659
)
 

 
31,136

Amortization of interest rate lock agreements
(1,179
)
 
(933
)
 
1,076

Other
(5,085
)
 
1,029

 
(115
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax (benefit) expense
of ($9,635), $690 and $19,118, respectively
(55,495
)
 
19,372

 
21,845

 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income
$
829,486

 
$
861,958

 
$
502,553



See accompanying notes.


36



Consolidated
Balance Sheets
 
 
 
 
As of May 31,
(In thousands except share data)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
96,645

 
$
138,724

Accounts receivable, principally trade, less allowance of $37,809 and
$33,510, respectively
910,120

 
804,583

Inventories, net
334,589

 
280,347

Uniforms and other rental items in service
784,133

 
702,261

Income taxes, current
7,475

 
19,634

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
103,318

 
32,383

Total current assets
2,236,280

 
1,977,932

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
1,430,685

 
1,382,730

 
 
 
 
Investments
192,346

 
175,581

Goodwill
2,842,441

 
2,846,888

Service contracts, net
494,595

 
545,768

Other assets, net
240,315

 
29,315

 
$
7,436,662

 
$
6,958,214

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
226,020

 
$
215,074

Accrued compensation and related liabilities
155,509

 
140,654

Accrued liabilities
433,940

 
420,129

Debt due within one year
312,264

 

Total current liabilities
1,127,733

 
775,857

 
 
 
 
Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
Debt due after one year
2,537,507

 
2,535,309

Deferred income taxes
438,179

 
352,581

Accrued liabilities
330,522

 
277,941

Total long-term liabilities
3,306,208

 
3,165,831

 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value:
 
 
 
100,000 shares authorized, none outstanding

 

Common stock, no par value:
 
 
 
425,000,000 shares authorized
 
 
 
2019: 184,790,626 shares issued and 103,284,401 shares outstanding
 

 
 

2018: 182,723,471 shares issued and 106,326,383 shares outstanding
840,328

 
618,464

Paid-in capital
227,928

 
245,211

Retained earnings
6,691,236

 
5,837,827

Treasury stock:
 

 
 

2019: 81,506,225 shares
 
 
 
2018: 76,397,088 shares
(4,717,619
)
 
(3,701,319
)
Accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income
(39,152
)
 
16,343

Total shareholders' equity
3,002,721

 
3,016,526

 
$
7,436,662

 
$
6,958,214


See accompanying notes.

37



Consolidated
Statements of Shareholders' Equity
 
Common Stock  
 
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Other
Accumulated
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Treasury Stock  
 
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
(In thousands)
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 1, 2016
179,598

 
$
409,682

 
$
205,260

 
$
4,805,867

 
$
(24,874
)
 
(75,385
)
 
$
(3,553,276
)
 
$
1,842,659

Net income

 

 

 
480,708

 

 

 

 
480,708

Comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 

 
21,845

 

 

 
21,845

Dividends

 

 

 
(142,433
)
 

 

 

 
(142,433
)
Stock-based compensation

 

 
88,868

 

 

 

 

 
88,868

Vesting of stock-based compensation awards
429

 
43,516

 
(43,516
)
 

 

 

 

 

Stock options exercised, net of shares
    surrendered
966

 
31,870

 

 

 

 

 

 
31,870

Repurchase of common stock

 

 

 

 

 
(207
)
 
(20,724
)
 
(20,724
)
Adoption of new accounting guidance

 

 
(26,688
)
 
26,688

 

 

 

 

Balance at May 31, 2017
180,993

 
485,068

 
223,924

 
5,170,830

 
(3,029
)
 
(75,592
)
 
(3,574,000
)
 
2,302,793

Net income