Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Consolidated Water
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$12.93 15 $194
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-05-21 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2019-05-13 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-18 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-14 Other Events
8-K 2019-01-02 Enter Agreement, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-31 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-14 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-05 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-08-21 Other Events
8-K 2018-08-09 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-05-22 Shareholder Vote
8-K 2018-03-19 Earnings, Exhibits
AMZN Amazon 935,370
ES Eversource Energy 22,350
NWN Northwest Natural Holding Company 1,950
ALEX Alexander & Baldwin 1,720
FBK FB Financial 1,090
JAX J. Alexander's 155
ADMT ADM Tronics Unlimited 0
ICOG Icon Leasing Fund Twelve 0
TOMI Tomi Environmental Solutions 0
PBSV Pharma-Bio Serv 0
CWCO 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-31.1 tv519961_ex31-1.htm
EX-31.2 tv519961_ex31-2.htm
EX-32.1 tv519961_ex32-1.htm
EX-32.2 tv519961_ex32-2.htm

Consolidated Water Earnings 2019-03-31

CWCO 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 tv519961_10q.htm 10-Q

 

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

 

OR

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

 

Commission File Number: 0-25248

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

CAYMAN ISLANDS   98-0619652
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
     
Regatta Office Park    
Windward Three, 4th Floor, West Bay Road    
P.O. Box 1114    
Grand Cayman KY1-1102    
Cayman Islands   N/A
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(345) 945-4277

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes       x     No       ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes         x     No         ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨     Accelerated filer  x

 

Non-accelerated filer   ¨   Smaller reporting company   x    Emerging growth company    ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.           ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)  Yes       ¨     No         x

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, $0.60 par value   CWCO   The Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

As of May 3, 2019, 15,020,344 shares of the registrant’s common stock, with US$0.60 par value, were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Description   Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION   4
Item 1 Financial Statements   4
       
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2018   4
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018   5
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018   6
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 and 2018   7
       
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)   8
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   23
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk   33
Item 4 Controls and Procedures   33
       
PART II OTHER INFORMATION   34
Item 1 Legal Proceedings   34
Item 1A Risk Factors   36
Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   39
Item 6 Exhibits   39
       
SIGNATURES   40

 

2

 

 

Note Regarding Currency and Exchange Rates

 

Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “$” or “US$” are to United States dollars.

 

The exchange rate for conversion of Cayman Island dollars (CI$) into US$, as determined by the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority, has been fixed since April 1974 at US$1.20 per CI$1.00.

 

The exchange rate for conversion of Belize dollars (BZE$) into US$, as determined by the Central Bank of Belize, has been fixed since 1976 at US $0.50 per BZE$1.00.

 

The exchange rate for conversion of Bahamas dollars (B$) into US$, as determined by the Central Bank of The Bahamas, has been fixed since 1973 at US$1.00 per B$1.00.

 

The official currency of the British Virgin Islands is the US$.

 

Our Netherlands subsidiary conducts business in US$ and euros, our Indonesian subsidiary conducts business in US$ and Indonesian rupiahs, and our Mexico subsidiary conducts business in US$ and Mexican pesos. The exchange rates for conversion of euros, rupiahs and Mexican pesos into US$ vary based upon market conditions.

 

3

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
   (Unaudited)     
ASSETS        
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $38,016,963   $31,337,477 
Restricted cash   1,500,000    - 
Accounts receivable, net   22,452,168    24,228,095 
Inventory   3,974,413    2,232,721 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   995,480    1,035,796 
Current portion of loans receivable   370,465    734,980 
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings   2,826,388    835,669 
Current assets of discontinued operations   -    1,959,494 
Total current assets   70,135,877    62,364,232 
Property, plant and equipment, net   64,294,070    58,880,818 
Construction in progress   406,280    6,015,043 
Inventory, non-current   4,435,235    4,545,198 
Investment in OC-BVI   2,604,523    2,584,987 
Goodwill   8,004,597    8,004,597 
Land and rights of way held for development   24,161,024    24,161,024 
Intangible assets, net   1,667,778    1,891,667 
Operating lease right-of-use assets   3,409,930    - 
Other assets   2,111,412    2,123,999 
Long-term assets of discontinued operations   -    1,944,033 
Total assets  $181,230,726   $172,515,598 
           
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities  $5,025,051   $4,570,641 
Accrued compensation   1,585,817    1,286,468 
Dividends payable   1,288,607    1,286,493 
Current maturities of operating leases   433,560    - 
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings   -    109,940 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations   -    646,452 
Total current liabilities   8,333,035    7,899,994 
Deferred tax liability   592,468    659,874 
Noncurrent operating leases   3,031,110    - 
Other liabilities   199,827    199,827 
Total liabilities   12,156,440    8,759,695 
Commitments and contingencies          
Equity          
Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders’ equity          
Redeemable preferred stock, $0.60 par value. Authorized 200,000 shares; issued and outstanding 32,813 and 34,796 shares, respectively   19,688    20,878 
Class A common stock, $0.60 par value. Authorized 24,655,000 shares; issued and outstanding 15,009,770 and 14,982,906 shares, respectively   9,005,862    8,989,744 
Class B common stock, $0.60 par value. Authorized 145,000 shares; none issued   -    - 
Additional paid-in capital   87,335,292    87,211,953 
Retained earnings   64,204,369    59,298,161 
Cumulative translation adjustment   (549,555)   (549,555)
Total Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders’ equity   160,015,656    154,971,181 
Non-controlling interests   9,058,630    8,784,722 
Total equity   169,074,286    163,755,903 
Total liabilities and equity  $181,230,726   $172,515,598 

  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Total revenues  $16,988,524   $14,554,663 
Total cost of revenues   10,026,221    8,385,622 
Gross profit   6,962,303    6,169,041 
General and administrative expenses   4,378,034    4,661,711 
Gain (loss) on asset dispositions and impairments, net   43,769   (1,340)
Income from operations   2,628,038    1,505,990 
           
Other income (expense):          
Interest income   150,185    161,121 
Interest expense   -    (1,754)
Profit-sharing income from OC-BVI   6,075    28,350 
Equity in the earnings of OC-BVI   13,461    80,593 
Net unrealized loss on put/call options   (24,000)   (206,000)
Other   114,369    85,287 
       Other income, net   260,090    147,597 
Income before income taxes   2,888,128    1,653,587 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes   48,959    (77,388)
Net income from continuing operations   2,839,169    1,730,975 
Income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to non-controlling interests   273,908    (34,493)
Net income from continuing operations attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders   2,565,261    1,765,468 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations   3,621,170    - 
Net income from discontinued operations   -    327,057 
Total income from discontinued operations   3,621,170    327,057 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders  $6,186,431   $2,092,525 
           
           
Basic earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders          
Continuing operations  $0.17   $0.12 
Discontinued operations  $0.24   $0.02 
Basic earnings per share  $0.41   $0.14 
           
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders          
Continuing operations  $0.17   $0.12 
Discontinued operations  $0.24   $0.02 
Diluted earnings per share  $0.41   $0.14 
           

Dividends declared per common and redeemable preferred shares

  $0.085   $0.085 
           
Weighted average number of common shares used in the determination of:          
Basic earnings per share   15,020,344    14,959,259 
Diluted earnings per share   15,129,401    15,114,477 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

   

   Redeemable
preferred stock
   Common stock   Additional
paid-in
   Retained   Cumulative translation   Non-controlling   Total
stockholders’
 
   Shares   Dollars   Shares   Dollars   capital   earnings   adjustment   interests   equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2018   34,796   $20,878    14,982,906   $8,989,744   $87,211,953   $59,298,161   $(549,555)  $8,784,722   $163,755,903 
Issue of share capital   -    -    26,864    16,118    62,731    -    -    -    78,849 
Buyback of preferred stock   (1,983)   (1,190)   -    -    (16,605)   -    -    -    (17,795)
Net income   -    -    -    -    -    6,186,431    -    273,908    6,460,339 
Dividends declared   -    -    -    -    -    (1,280,223)   -    -    (1,280,223)
Stock-based compensation   -    -    -    -    77,213    -    -    -    77,213 
Balance as of March 31, 2019   32,813   $19,688    15,009,770   $9,005,862   $87,335,292   $64,204,369   $(549,555)  $9,058,630   $169,074,286 

 

   Redeemable
preferred stock
   Common stock   Additional
paid-in
   Retained   Cumulative translation   Non-controlling   Total
stockholders’
 
   Shares   Dollars   Shares   Dollars   capital   earnings   adjustment   interests   equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2017   33,488   $20,093    14,918,869   $8,951,321   $86,405,387   $53,105,196   $(549,555)  $8,088,935   $156,021,377 
Issue of share capital   -    -    39,986    23,991    34,383    -    -    -    58,374 
Conversion of preferred stock   (454)   (273)   454    273    -    -    -    -    - 
Net income   -    -    -    -    -    2,092,525    -    (34,493)   2,058,032 
Dividends declared   -    -    -    -    -    (1,275,961)   -    -    (1,275,961)
Stock-based compensation   -    -    -    -    103,521    -    -    -    103,521 
Balance as of March 31, 2018   33,034   $19,820    14,959,309   $8,975,585   $86,543,291   $53,921,760   $(549,555)  $8,054,442   $156,965,343 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Net cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations  $3,693,963   $740,686 
Net cash used in operating activities - discontinued operations   -    (61,605)
Net cash provided by operating activities   3,693,963    679,081 
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Additions to property, plant and equipment and construction in progress   (1,336,022)   (2,869,484)
Proceeds from sale of equipment   46,700    11,190 
Proceeds from sale of CW-Belize, net of cash provided   6,706,234    - 
Collections on loans receivable   364,515    341,655 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities   5,781,427    (2,516,639)
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Dividends paid to common shareholders   (1,275,151)   (1,269,696)
Dividends paid to preferred shareholders   (2,958)   (2,846)
Issuance (repurchase) of redeemable preferred stock   (17,795)   - 
Payments on note payable to related party   -    (392,000)
Net cash used in financing activities   (1,295,904)   (1,664,542)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash   8,179,486    (3,502,100)
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period   31,337,477    45,482,966 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period  $39,516,963   $41,980,866 
           
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $38,016,963   $41,980,866 
Restricted cash at end of period   1,500,000    - 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period  $39,516,963   $41,980,866 
           
Interest paid in cash  $-   $4,427 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities          
Issuance of 26,864 and 39,986, respectively, shares of common stock for services rendered  $317,990   $441,162 
Conversion (on a one-to-one basis) of 0 and 454, respectively, shares of redeemable preferred stock to common stock  $-   $272 
Dividends declared but not paid  $1,280,903   $1,274,350 
Transfers from inventory to property, plant and equipment and construction in progress  $131,439   $89,721 
Transfers from construction in progress to property, plant and equipment  $6,769,561   $243,689 
Transfers from other assets to construction in progress  $-   $765,662 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities  $3,464,670   $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

7

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

1. Principal activity

 

Consolidated Water Co. Ltd., and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) use reverse osmosis technology to produce potable water from seawater. The Company processes and supplies water and provides water-related products and services to its customers in the Cayman Islands, The Commonwealth of The Bahamas, the British Virgin Islands, the United States and Indonesia. The Company sells water to a variety of customers, including public utilities, commercial and tourist properties, residential properties and government facilities. The base price of water supplied by the Company, and adjustments thereto, are determined by the terms of a retail license and bulk water supply contracts which provide for adjustments based upon the movement in the government price indices specified in the license and contracts as well as monthly adjustments for changes in the cost of energy. The Company also manufactures and services a wide range of products and provides design, engineering, management, operating and other services applicable to commercial, municipal and industrial water production, supply and treatment.

 

2. Accounting policies

 

Basis of consolidation: The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s (i) wholly-owned subsidiaries, Aquilex, Inc., Cayman Water Company Limited (“Cayman Water”), Ocean Conversion (Cayman) Limited (“OC-Cayman”), DesalCo Limited (“DesalCo”), Consolidated Water Cooperatief, U.A. (“CW-Cooperatief”), Consolidated Water U.S. Holdings, Inc. (“CW-Holdings”); and (ii) majority-owned subsidiaries Consolidated Water (Bahamas) Ltd. (“CW-Bahamas”), Aerex Industries, Inc. (“Aerex”), PT Consolidated Water Bali (“CW-Bali”), N.S.C. Agua, S.A. de C.V. (“NSC”) and Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”). The Company’s investment in its affiliate Ocean Conversion (BVI) Ltd. (“OC-BVI”) is accounted for using the equity method of accounting. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. These condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (which are of a normal recurring nature) that, in the opinion of management, are necessary to fairly present the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows as of and for the periods presented. The results of operations for these interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for future periods, including the fiscal year ending December 31, 2019.

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements and notes are presented in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) relating to interim financial statements and in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed or omitted in these condensed financial statements pursuant to SEC rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made herein are adequate to make the information not misleading. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Foreign currency: The Company’s reporting currency is the United States dollar (“US$”). The functional currency of the Company and its foreign operating subsidiaries (other than NSC, AdR, CW-Cooperatief and CW-Bali) is the currency for each respective country. The functional currency for NSC, AdR, CW-Cooperatief and CW-Bali is the US$. NSC and AdR conduct business in US$ and Mexican pesos, CW-Cooperatief conducts business in US$ and euros, and CW-Bali conducts business in US$ and Indonesian rupiahs. The exchange rates for the Cayman Islands dollar, the Belize dollar and the Bahamian dollar are fixed to the US$. The exchange rates for conversion of Mexican pesos, euros and rupiahs into US$ vary based upon market conditions. Net foreign currency gains (losses) arising from transactions and re-measurements were $57,701 and $103,555 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and are included in “Other income (expense) - Other” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income.

 

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash: Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand deposits at banks and highly liquid deposits at banks with an original maturity of three months or less. Cash and cash equivalents as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 include $15.2 million and $8.4 million, respectively, of certificates of deposits with an original maturity of three months or less.

 

The restricted cash balance of $1.5 million as of March 31, 2019, represents a certificate of deposit with an original maturity of three months or less, held as security for a $1.5 million standby letter of credit obtained in March 2019.

 

Certain transfers from the Company’s Bahamas bank accounts to Company bank accounts in other countries require the approval of the Central Bank of The Bahamas. As of March 31, 2019, the equivalent United States dollar cash balances for deposits held in The Bahamas were approximately $7.6 million.

 

8

 

 

Revenue recognition: Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the Company’s customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.

 

The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by revenue source (unaudited).

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Retail revenues  $6,686,660   $6,431,348 
Bulk revenues   7,111,313    7,446,783 
Services revenues   100,577    123,764 
Manufacturing revenues   3,089,974    552,768 
Total revenues  $16,988,524   $14,554,663 

 

Retail revenues

 

The Company produces and supplies water to end-users, including residential, commercial and governmental customers in the Cayman Islands under an exclusive retail license issued to Cayman Water by the Cayman Islands government to provide water in two of the three most populated and rapidly developing areas on Grand Cayman Island. Customers are billed on a monthly basis based on metered consumption and bills are typically collected within 30 to 35 days after the billing date. Receivables not collected within 45 days subject the customer to disconnection from water service. In 2018, bad debts represented less than 1% of the Company’s total retail sales.

 

The Company recognizes revenues from water sales at the time water is supplied to the customer’s facility or storage tank. The amount of water supplied is determined and invoiced based upon water meter readings performed at the end of each month. All retail water contracts are month-to-month contracts and revenue is recorded as invoiced.

 

Bulk revenues

 

The Company produces and supplies water to government-owned distributors in the Cayman Islands and The Bahamas.

 

OC-Cayman provides bulk water to the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”), a government-owned utility and regulatory agency, under various agreements. The WAC in turn distributes such water to properties in Grand Cayman outside of Cayman Water’s retail license area.

 

The Company sells bulk water in The Bahamas through its majority-owned subsidiary CW-Bahamas to the Water and Sewerage Corporation of The Bahamas (“WSC”), which distributes such water through its own pipeline system to residential, commercial and tourist properties on the Island of New Providence. The Company also sells water to a private resort on Bimini.

 

The Company has elected the “right to invoice” practical expedient for revenue recognition on its bulk water sale contracts and recognizes revenue in the amount to which the Company has a right to invoice.

 

Services and Manufacturing revenues

 

The Company, through its 51% owned subsidiary Aerex, is a custom and specialty manufacturer of water treatment-related systems and products and provides design, engineering, management, operating and other services applicable to commercial, municipal and industrial water production. Substantially all of Aerex’s customers are U.S. companies.

 

The Company also provides design, engineering and construction services for desalination projects through DesalCo, which is recognized by suppliers as an original equipment manufacturer of seawater reverse osmosis desalination plants. DesalCo also provides management and procurement services for desalination plants and engineering services relating to municipal water production, distribution and treatment.

 

The Company recognizes construction services and manufacturing revenues over time under the input method using costs incurred (which represents work performed) to date relative to total estimated costs at completion to measure progress toward satisfying its performance obligations as such measure best reflects the transfer of control of the promised good to the customer. Contract costs include labor, material and overhead. The Company follows this method since it can make reasonably dependable estimates of the revenue and costs applicable to various stages of a contract. Under this input method, the Company records revenue and recognizes profit or loss as work on the contract progresses. The Company estimates total project costs and profit to be earned on each long-term, fixed price contract prior to commencement of work on the contract and updates these estimates as work on the contract progresses. The cumulative amount of revenue recorded on a contract at a specified point in time is that percentage of total estimated revenue that incurred costs to date comprises of estimated total contract costs. If, as work progresses, the actual contract costs exceed estimates, the profit recognized on revenue from that contract decreases. The Company recognizes the full amount of any estimated loss on a contract at the time the estimates indicate such a loss. Any costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings are classified as current assets. Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts, if any, are classified as current liabilities.

 

9

 

 

The Company has elected the “right to invoice” practical expedient for revenue recognition on its management services agreements and recognizes revenue in the amount to which the Company has a right to invoice.

 

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

 

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which the Company recognizes revenue at the amount to which it has the right to invoice for services performed.

 

3. Discontinued operations - CW-Belize

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, the Company signed a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) with Belize Water Services Ltd. (“BWSL”) with respect to the potential sale of Consolidated Water (Belize) Limited (“CW-Belize”) to BWSL. The Company was not otherwise considering a sale of CW-Belize, so as an incentive for the Company to consider this proposed transaction, BWSL promised in the MOU to facilitate both the conversion from Belize dollars to U.S. dollars and the subsequent repatriation of all cash balances CW-Belize had on deposit in Belize. Transfers of funds held by CW-Belize to its parent company, which were accomplished by means of conversion of Belize dollars into U.S. dollars, required the approval of the Central Bank of Belize and were dependent on the amount of U.S. dollars available to Belize banks to execute such transfers. Weakness in the Belize economy and other factors have reduced the amount of U.S. dollars that Belize banks have available for transfer, which limited in prior years and for most of 2018 the amount of funds the Company was able to transfer from CW-Belize. Repatriations of funds from CW-Belize to its parent company amounted to $458,000 and $400,000 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, significantly less than the net income and net cash flows CW-Belize generated for those years. With BWSL’s assistance, the Company was able to repatriate approximately $2.75 million in cash from Belize to its bank accounts in the Cayman Islands during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and an additional $1.0 million during the fourth quarter of 2018.

 

In late December 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors formally approved the sale of CW-Belize to BWSL, and the Company repatriated an additional $1.1 million from CW-Belize during the first week of 2019.

 

On February 14, 2019, the Company closed the transaction and completed the sale of CW-Belize to BWSL effective January 1, 2019. After adjustments, the final price for CW-Belize was approximately $7.0 million. Pursuant to the sale and purchase agreement, BWSL has paid the Company $6.735 million of the purchase price, with approximately $265,000 being withheld to cover indemnification obligations of the Company under the agreement. The amount withheld is payable by BWSL to the Company on July 1, 2019 to the extent not applied to cover any liabilities of the Company under the agreement. 

 

Summarized financial information for CW-Belize as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 and for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is as follows:

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Current assets  $-   $1,959,494 
Property, plant and equipment, net   -    725,930 
Inventory, non-current   -    356,854 
Goodwill   -    379,651 
Intangible assets   -    467,575 
Other assets   -    14,023 
Total assets of discontinued operations  $-   $3,903,527 
           
Total liabilities of discontinued operations  $-   $646,452 

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Revenues  $-   $781,732 
Income from operations   -    329,744 
Net income   -    327,057 
Gain on sale of discontinued operations   3,621,170    - 
Depreciation   -    29,053 

 

10

 

 

4. Segment information

 

The Company has four reportable segments: retail, bulk, services and manufacturing. The retail segment primarily operates the water utility for the Seven Mile Beach and West Bay areas of Grand Cayman Island pursuant to an exclusive license granted by the Cayman Islands government. The bulk segment supplies potable water to government utilities in Grand Cayman and The Bahamas under long-term contracts. The services segment provides desalination plant management and operating services to affiliated companies and designs, constructs and sells desalination plants to third parties. The manufacturing segment manufactures and services a wide range of water-related products and provides design, engineering, management, operating and other services applicable to commercial, municipal and industrial water production, supply and treatment. Consistent with prior periods, the Company records all non-direct general and administrative expenses in its retail business segment and does not allocate any of these non-direct costs to its other three business segments.

 

The accounting policies of the segments are consistent with those described in Note 2. The Company evaluates each segment’s performance based upon its income from operations. All intercompany transactions are eliminated for segment presentation purposes.

 

The Company’s segments are strategic business units that are managed separately because each segment sells different products and/or services, serves customers with distinctly different needs and generates different gross profit margins.

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Revenues  $6,686,660   $7,111,313   $100,577   $3,089,974   $16,988,524 
Cost of revenues   2,825,604    4,954,591    121,919    2,124,107    10,026,221 
Gross profit (loss)   3,861,056    2,156,722    (21,342)   965,867    6,962,303 
General and administrative expenses   3,117,278    261,412    485,885    513,459    4,378,034 
Gain (loss) on asset dispositions and impairments, net   (2,731)   46,500    -    -    43,769 
Income (loss) from operations  $741,047   $1,941,810   $(507,227)  $452,408    2,628,038 
Other income, net                       260,090 
Income before income taxes                       2,888,128 
Provision for income taxes                       48,959 
Net income from continuing operations                       2,839,169 
Income from continuing operations attributable to non-controlling interests          273,908 
Net income from continuing operations attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders    2,565,261 
Total income from discontinued operations                 3,621,170 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders         $6,186,431 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2019 for the retail, bulk, services and manufacturing segments were $518,014, $947,689, $1,136 and $277,053, respectively.

 

11

 

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Revenues  $6,431,348   $7,446,783   $123,764   $552,768   $14,554,663 
Cost of revenues   2,761,554    5,050,336    134,871    438,861    8,385,622 
Gross profit (loss)   3,669,794    2,396,447    (11,107)   113,907    6,169,041 
General and administrative expenses   3,145,483    236,234    650,636    629,358    4,661,711 
Gain (loss) on asset dispositions and impairments, net   (1,340)   -    -    -    (1,340)
Income (loss) from operations  $522,971   $2,160,213   $(661,743)  $(515,451)   1,505,990 
Other income, net                       147,597 
Income before income taxes                       1,653,587 
(Benefit from) income taxes                       (77,388)
Net income from continuing operations                       1,730,975 
Loss from continuing operations attributable to non-controlling interests          (34,493)
Net income from continuing operations attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders    1,765,468 
Total income from discontinued operations                 327,057 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders         $2,092,525 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 for the retail, bulk, services and manufacturing segments were $503,013, $763,547, $7,638 and $399,294, respectively.

 

   As of March 31, 2019 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Accounts receivable, net  $3,005,535   $17,589,889   $1,442,301   $414,443   $22,452,168 
Property, plant and equipment, net  $30,193,276   $32,488,494   $13,636   $1,598,664   $64,294,070 
Construction in progress  $37,611   $368,669   $-   $-   $406,280 
Intangibles, net  $-   $-   $-   $1,667,778   $1,667,778 
Goodwill  $1,170,511   $1,948,875   $-   $4,885,211   $8,004,597 
Land and rights of way held for development  $-   $-   $24,161,024   $-   $24,161,024 
Total segment assets  $64,288,344   $69,561,766   $31,942,450   $15,438,166   $181,230,726 

 

   As of December 31, 2018 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Accounts receivable, net  $2,947,193   $18,480,589   $1,812,838   $987,475   $24,228,095 
Property, plant and equipment, net  $24,435,501   $32,820,908   $14,772   $1,609,637   $58,880,818 
Construction in progress  $5,437,093   $574,659   $3,291   $-   $6,015,043 
Intangibles, net  $-   $-   $-   $1,891,667   $1,891,667 
Goodwill  $1,170,511   $1,948,875   $-   $4,885,211   $8,004,597 
Land and rights of way held for development  $-   $-   $24,161,024   $-   $24,161,024 
Total segment assets  $61,210,879   $67,740,088   $27,406,983   $12,254,121   $168,612,071 
Assets of discontinued operations                      $3,903,527 
Total assets                      $172,515,598 

 

12

 

 

5. Earnings per share

 

Earnings per share (“EPS”) are computed on a basic and diluted basis. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (less preferred stock dividends) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted EPS assumes the issuance of common shares for all potential common shares outstanding during the reporting period and, if dilutive, the effect of stock options as computed under the treasury stock method.

 

The following summarizes information related to the computation of basic and diluted EPS:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Net income from continuing operations attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders  $2,565,261   $1,765,468 
Less: preferred stock dividends   (2,789)   (2,478)
Net income from continuing operations available to common shares in the determination of basic earnings per common share   2,562,472    1,762,990 
Total income from discontinued operations   3,621,170    327,057 
           
Net income available to common shares in the determination of basic earnings per common share  $6,183,642   $2,090,047 
           
Weighted average number of common shares in the determination of basic earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders   15,020,344    14,959,259 
Plus:          
           
Weighted average number of preferred shares outstanding during the period   33,480    33,084 
Potential dilutive effect of unexercised options and unvested stock grants   75,577    122,134 
           
Weighted average number of shares used for determining diluted earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders   15,129,401    15,114,477 

 

6. Investment in OC-BVI

 

The Company owns 50% of the outstanding voting common shares and a 43.53% equity interest in the profits of Ocean Conversion (BVI) Ltd. (“OC-BVI”). The Company also owns certain profit-sharing rights in OC-BVI that raise its effective interest in the profits of OC-BVI to approximately 45%. Pursuant to a management services agreement, OC-BVI pays the Company monthly fees for certain engineering and administrative services. OC-BVI’s sole customer is the Ministry of Communications and Works of the Government of the British Virgin Islands (the “Ministry”) to which it sells bulk water.

 

The Company’s equity investment in OC-BVI amounted to $2,604,523 and $2,584,987 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

Summarized financial information for OC-BVI is as follows: 

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Current assets  $2,440,488   $2,286,179 
Non-current assets   3,785,738    3,859,310 
Total assets  $6,226,226   $6,145,489 

 

   March 31,   December 31, 
   2019   2018 
Current liabilities  $151,498   $132,005 
Non-current liabilities   1,061,100    1,048,950 
Total liabilities  $1,212,598   $1,180,955 

 

13

 

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2019   2018 
Revenues  $760,593   $712,203 
Cost of revenues   513,380    260,924 
Gross profit   247,213    451,279 
General and administrative expenses   186,028    198,503 
Income from operations   61,185    252,776 
Other income (expense), net   (12,091)   (56,700)
Net income   49,094    196,076 
Income attributable to non-controlling interests   18,168    10,935 
Net income attributable to controlling interests  $30,926   $185,141 

 

A reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the Company’s investment in OC-BVI for the three months ended March 31, 2019 is as follows:

 

Balance as of December 31, 2018  $2,584,987 
Profit-sharing and equity from earnings of OC-BVI   19,536 
Distributions received from OC-BVI   - 
Balance as of March 31, 2019  $2,604,523 

 

The Company recognized $13,461 and $80,593 in earnings from its equity investment in OC-BVI for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company recognized $6,075 and $28,350 in profit-sharing income from its profit-sharing agreement with OC-BVI for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company recognized approximately $100,577 and $123,763, respectively, in revenues from its management services agreement with OC-BVI. Amounts payable by OC-BVI to the Company were $74,442 and $46,746 as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

7. NSC and AdR project development

 

In May 2010, the Company acquired, through its wholly-owned Netherlands subsidiary, CW-Cooperatief, a 50% interest in NSC, a development stage Mexican company. The Company has since purchased, through the conversion of a loan it made to NSC, additional shares that increased its ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. NSC was formed to pursue a project (the “Project”) that originally encompassed the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and accompanying pipelines to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system. As discussed in paragraphs that follow, during 2015 the scope of the Project was defined by the State of Baja California (the “State”) to consist of a first phase consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and an aqueduct that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity.

 

Through a series of transactions completed in 2012-2014, NSC purchased 20.1 hectares of land for approximately $20.6 million on which the proposed Project’s plant would be constructed.

 

In November 2012, NSC entered into a lease with an effective term of 20-years from the date of full operation of the Project’s desalination plant, with the Comisión Federal de Electricidad for approximately 5,000 square meters of land on which it plans to construct the water intake and discharge works for the plant. The amounts due on this lease are payable in Mexican pesos at an amount that is currently equivalent to approximately $15,000 per month. This lease may be cancelled by NSC should NSC ultimately not proceed with the Project.

 

In August 2014, the State enacted new legislation to regulate Public-Private Association projects which involve the type of long-term contract between a public-sector authority and a private party required for the Project (the “APP Law”). Pursuant to this new legislation, in January 2015, NSC submitted an expression of interest for its project to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Urban Development of the State of Baja California (“SIDUE”). SIDUE accepted NSC’s expression of interest and requested that NSC submit a detailed proposal for the Project that complies with the requirements of the new legislation. NSC submitted this detailed proposal (the “APP Proposal”) to SIDUE in late March 2015. The new legislation required that such proposal be evaluated by SIDUE and submitted to the Public-Private Association Projects State Committee (the “APP Committee”) for review and authorization. If the Project was authorized the State would be required to conduct a public tender for the Project.

 

14

 

 

In response to its APP Proposal, in September 2015 NSC received a letter dated June 30, 2015 from the Director General of the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the State agency with responsibility for the Project, stating that (i) the Project is in the public interest with high social benefits and is consistent with the objectives of the State development plan; and (ii) that the Project should proceed, and the required public tender should be conducted. In November 2015, the State officially commenced the tender for the Project, the scope of which the State defined as a first phase to be operational in 2019 consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and an aqueduct that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase to be operational in 2024 consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity. A consortium (the “Consortium”) comprised of NSC, NuWater S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“NuWater”) and Suez Medio Ambiente México, S.A. de C.V. (“Suez MA”), a subsidiary of SUEZ International, S.A.S., submitted its tender for the Project in April 2016 and in June 2016, the State designated the Consortium as the winner of the tender process for the Project.

  

Due to the amount of capital the Project requires, NSC will ultimately need an equity partner or partners for the Project. Consequently, NSC’s tender to the State for the Project was based upon the following: (i) NSC will sell or otherwise transfer the land and other Project assets to a new company (“Newco”) that would build and own the Project; (ii) NSC’s potential partners would provide the majority of the equity for the Project and thereby would own the majority interest in Newco; (iii) NSC would maintain a minority ownership position in Newco; and (iv) Newco would enter into a long-term management and technical services contract for the Project with an entity partially owned by NSC or another Company subsidiary.

 

In August 2016, NSC and NuWater incorporated Newco under the name Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”), a special purpose company, to complete the Project and executed a shareholders agreement for AdR agreeing among other things that (i) AdR would purchase the land and other Project assets from NSC on the date that the Project begins commercial operations and (ii) AdR would enter into a Management and Technical Services Agreement with NSC effective on the first day that the Project begins commercial operations. NSC initially owned 99.6% of the equity of AdR. In February 2018, NSC acquired the remaining 0.4% ownership in AdR from NuWater.

 

On August 22, 2016, the Public Private Partnership Agreement for public private partnership number 002/2015, bid number SIDUE-CEA-APP-2015-002 (“APP Contract”), was executed between AdR, the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the Government of Baja California represented by the Secretary of Planning and Finance and the Public Utilities Commission of Tijuana (“CESPT”). The APP Contract requires AdR to design, construct, finance and operate a seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant (and accompanying aqueduct) with a capacity of up to 100 million gallons per day in two phases: the first with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to the Mexican potable water system in Tijuana, Baja California and the second phase with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day. The first phase must be operational within 36 months of commencing construction and the second phase must be operational by July 2024. The APP Contract further requires AdR to operate and maintain the plant and aqueduct for a period of 37 years starting from the commencement of operation of the first phase. At the end of the operating period, the plant and aqueduct will be transferred to the CEA.

 

The APP Contract does not become effective until the following remaining open conditions have been met:

 

·the State has established and registered various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for specific use by the Project;
·various water purchase and sale agreements between the CEA, the payment trusts and the CESPT have been executed;
·AdR has obtained all rights of way required for the aqueduct; and
·all debt financing agreements necessary to provide the funding to AdR for the first phase of the Project have been executed.

 

In December 2016, the Congress of the State of Baja California, Mexico (the “Congress”) passed Decreto #57 which, among other things, ratified and authorized the payment obligations of the corresponding public entities under the APP Contract and authorized the corresponding public entities to obtain a credit facility to guarantee their payment obligations. During 2017, following consultations between representatives of the State of Baja California and the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Government of Mexico, it was determined that certain amendments to Decreto #57 were required to comply with recent changes to the Federal Financial Discipline Law for Federative Entities and Municipalities (the “Financial Discipline Law”). In addition, it was necessary to amend Decreto #57 to authorize the inclusion of revenues from the CESPT in the primary payment trust for the Project. These amendments were included in Decreto #168, which was approved by the Congress in December 2017. The authorization for the execution of the credit agreement to guarantee the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract given in Decreto #57, as amended by Decreto #168, expired on December 31, 2018. During the congressional session held at the end of March 2019, the Congress passed Decreto #335, which renewed the authorizations for the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines required to be established for the Project by the State entities. Decreto #335 expires December 31, 2019.

 

Both the exchange rate for the Mexico peso relative to the dollar and general macroeconomic conditions in Mexico have varied since the execution of the APP Contract. These changes have adversely impacted the estimated construction, operating and financing costs for the Project. The APP Contract and the APP Law allow for the parties to negotiate (but do not guarantee) modifications to the consideration (i.e. water tariff) under the APP Contract in the event of such significant macroeconomic condition changes. In February 2017, AdR submitted proposals to the CEA requesting the definition of the mechanism required by the APP Contract to update the consideration under the APP Contract for changes in foreign exchange rates, lending rates and certain laws which have impacted the Project. On June 1, 2018, AdR and the CEA executed an amendment to the APP Contract which, among other things, increases the scope of Phase 1 of the Project for including the aqueduct originally designated for Phase 2, and addresses AdR’s concerns regarding the impact on the Project for changes in the exchange rate for the peso relative to the dollar and changes in interest rates that have occurred subsequent to the submission of the Consortium’s bid for the Project. As a result of this amendment to the APP Contract, the final cost of Phase 1 and the related consideration to be charged by AdR under the APP Contract will be determined based upon the bid submitted by the Consortium, the changes set forth in the amendment to the APP Contract and the economic conditions (e.g. interest rates and currency exchange rates) in effect on the financial closing date for Phase 1.

 

15

 

 

In February 2018, AdR executed a subscription agreement (the “Agreement”) for the equity funding required for the Project. The Agreement calls for NSC to retain a minimum of 25% of the equity in AdR. One or more affiliates of Greenfield SPV VII, S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“Greenfield”), a Mexico company managed by an affiliate of a leading U.S. asset manager, will acquire a minimum of 55% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement also provides Suez MA with the option to purchase 20% of the equity of AdR. If Suez MA does not exercise this option, NSC will retain 35% of the equity of AdR and Greenfield will acquire 65% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement will become effective when the additional conditions related to the Project are met, including but not limited to those conditions discussed previously. The aggregate investment to be made by the equity partners in the Project, in the form of equity and subordinated shareholder loans, is presently estimated at approximately 20% of the total cost of Phase 1 of the Project. This Agreement expires on June 30, 2019, unless otherwise extended by mutual agreement of the parties.

 

In June 2018, AdR and Suez MA executed a contract whereby Suez MA will serve as the engineering, procurement and construction contractor for the Project with such contract becoming effective on the effective date of the APP Contract.

 

The political environment in Mexico has recently experienced significant changes and the new federal administration has made economic policy announcements focusing on austerity. While the long-term ramifications of such changes and announcements are unknown, in the short-term they have (i) caused certain rating agencies to lower Mexico’s sovereign credit rating, (ii) resulted in a decrease in the value of the Mexico peso and (iii) created uncertainty with respect to the incoming administration’s position on projects and contracts approved by previous administrations. The federal administration has a strong influence on many of the state and local governments and congresses, raising the possibility that the federal government will influence local politics, which could impact the State’s and the CEA’s ability to meet certain conditions required to make the APP Contract effective.

 

If AdR is ultimately unable to proceed with the Project due to a failure by any of the parties involved to meet the conditions necessary for the APP Contract to become effective, or for any other reason, the land NSC has purchased and the right of way deposits it has made may lose their strategic importance derived from their association with the Project and consequently may decline in value. If AdR does not proceed with the Project, NSC may ultimately be unable to sell this land or recoup its right of way deposits for amounts at least equal to their carrying values as of March 31, 2019 of approximately $21.1 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Any loss on the sale of the land, or impairment losses NSC may be required to record as a result of a decrease in the (i) fair value of the land; or (ii) value of the rights of way arising from the inability to complete the Project could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

Included in the Company’s results of operations are general and administrative expenses from NSC and AdR, consisting of organizational, legal, accounting, engineering, consulting and other costs relating to Project development activities. Such expenses amounted to approximately $484,000 and $648,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The assets and liabilities of NSC and AdR included in our consolidated balance sheets amounted to approximately $29.1 million and $306,000, respectively, as of March 31, 2019 and approximately $26.2 million and $243,000 respectively, as of December 31, 2018.

 

Project Litigation

 

Tecate Claim:

 

Immediately following CW-Cooperatief’s acquisition of its initial 50% ownership in NSC, the remaining 50% ownership interest in NSC was held by an unrelated company, Norte Sur Agua, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“NSA”). NSA subsequently transferred ownership of half of its shares in NSC to EWG Water LLC (“EWG”) and the other half of its shares in NSC to Alejandro de la Vega (the “individual shareholder”). In February 2012, the Company paid $300,000 to enter into an agreement (the “Option Agreement”) that provided it with an option, exercisable through February 7, 2014, to purchase the shares of NSC owned by the individual shareholder for a price of $1.0 million along with an immediate usufruct and power of attorney to vote those shares. Such shares constituted 25% of the ownership of NSC as of February 2012. In May 2013, NSC repaid a $5.7 million loan payable to CW-Cooperatief by issuing additional shares of its stock. As a result of this share issuance to CW-Cooperatief, the Company acquired 99.99% of the ownership of NSC. The Option Agreement contained an anti-dilution provision that required the Company to transfer or otherwise cause the individual shareholder to acquire, for a total price of $1 (regardless of their par or market value), shares in NSC of an amount sufficient to maintain the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC if (i) any new shares of NSC were issued subsequent to the execution of the Option Agreement (causing the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC to be decreased); and (ii) the Company did not exercise its share purchase option by February 7, 2014. The Company exercised its option and paid the $1.0 million to the individual shareholder to purchase the Option Agreement shares in February 2014.

 

In October 2015, the Company learned that EWG filed a lawsuit against the individual shareholder, NSC, NSA, CW-Cooperatief, other third parties, and the Public Registry of Commerce of Tijuana, Baja California in the Civil Court located in Tecate, Baja California, Mexico. In this lawsuit, EWG challenged, among other things, the capital investment transactions that increased the Company’s ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter, among others: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; and (c) appoint an inspector for NSA and NSC to oversee its commercial activities. The court granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the placement of inscriptions for the lawsuit on NSC’s public records. 

 

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EWG also sought an order directing, among other things: (i) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief to refrain from carrying out any transactions with respect to the Project; and (ii) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, and the partners thereof, to refrain from transferring any interests in NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief.

 

On April 5, 2016, NSC filed a motion for reconsideration with the Tecate, Mexico court asking, among other things, that the court; (i) reverse its order to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; (ii) cancel the appointment of the inspector; and (iii) allow NSC to provide a counter-guarantee to suspend the effects of the court’s order regarding the challenged transactions. On April 26, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued an interlocutory judgment; (i) ordering the cancellation of the inscriptions on NSC’s public records; and (ii) rejecting NSC’s motion for cancellation of the appointment of the inspector.

 

On April 26, 2016, NSC filed a full answer to EWG’s claims rejecting every claim made by EWG.

 

On May 17, 2016, NSC filed a claim with the Third District Court in Matters of Amparo and Federal Trials in the City of Tijuana, Baja California (the “Amparo Court”) challenging the Tecate, Mexico court ex-parte order which appointed an inspector over NSC’s commercial activities. On July 29, 2016, the Amparo Court found that such appointment is unconstitutional and reversed the Tecate, Mexico court’s appointment of an inspector.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued a decree granting the counter-guaranty requested by NSC. Such counter-guaranty was fixed in the amount of 300,000 Mexican pesos and was given to the court on October 13, 2016 at which time all remaining ex-parte restrictions on NSC related to the challenged transactions were suspended.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Tecate, Mexico court declared that the initial filing of this lawsuit had expired due to EWG’s lack of activity with respect to certain actions required to proceed to trial. Further, on May 25, 2017, such court declaration became definitive. EWG is entitled to refile the lawsuit, but to date has not done so.

 

Tijuana Claim - Amparo:

 

In addition to the Tecate Claim, in January 2018, EWG initiated an ordinary mercantile claim (the “Tijuana Claim”) against the individual shareholder named in the Tecate Claim, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, (with AdR being named as a third party to be called to trial) before the Tenth Civil Judge in Tijuana, Baja California for Mercantile Matters (the “Tenth Civil Judge”).

 

The Tijuana Claim is similar to the Tecate Claim in the petitions sought by EWG. In the Tijuana Claim, EWG challenged, among other things, the transactions contemplated under the Option Agreement, and therefore, the capital investment transactions that increased the ownership interest of CW-Cooperatief in NSC to 99.99%, as a consequence of the Option Agreement. EWG requested that the courts, as a preliminary matter; (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records (including a special request to register a lien over the real estate owned by NSC); (c) appoint an inspector for NSC to oversee its commercial activities; and (d) order public officials in Mexico and credit institutions abroad to refrain from authorizing or executing any legal act related with the activities of the plaintiff, the co-defendants and the third party called to trial to avoid damages to third parties, including those with whom negotiations or any form of commercial or administrative activities, or activities of any other nature related with the “Rosarito” water desalination project, are being conducted. The Tenth Civil Judge granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the issuance of official writs to several governmental/public entities involved with the Project, including the registration of the pendency of the lawsuit in certain public records, similarly to the Tecate Claim.

 

In April 2018, AdR filed an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) against the official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two governmental entities. In May 2018, the amparo claim was amended to also request protection against additional official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two other governmental entities and one banking institution. In May 2018, the Third District Court for Amparo and Federal Trials in the State of Baja California with residence in Tijuana granted a temporary suspension of the effects and consequences of the claimed official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge pending a further determination by the Third District Court. Such suspension was granted definitively in July 2018, and in August 2018, a resolution determining that the claimed official writs are unconstitutional, was issued. EWG filed a remedy against such resolution, which has not yet been resolved.

 

On October 16, 2018, NSC was served with the Tijuana Claim. On November 7, 2018, NSC filed a legal response to this claim, vigorously opposing the claims made by EWG. In addition to such legal response, NSC has filed (i) a request to submit the Tijuana Claim to arbitration, based on certain provisions of the by-laws of NSC, (ii) an appeal remedy against the preliminary relief, and (iii) a request for the setting of a guarantee to release the preliminary relief granted in favor of EWG. Neither the request for arbitration nor the mentioned appeal have been resolved.

 

On February 26, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge acknowledged the filing of the mentioned legal response, the request to submit to arbitration, and the appeals remedy, granting EWG a period of three business days to, among others, state what it deemed convenient to its interest. However, to date, no resolution on such matters has been issued.

 

Further, on February 26, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge set the requested guarantee, in the form of a security deposit in the amount of 1,000,000 Mexican pesos, to release the preliminary relief sought by EWG. On March 4, 2019, NSC filed before the Tenth Civil Judge evidence of such security deposit, requesting the release of the mentioned preliminary relief. Due to the recent filing of the security deposit, as of the date hereof, the resolution on the release of the preliminary relief is pending.

 

On April 12, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge ruled that the request for arbitration was not applicable under Mexican law.

 

With respect to the previously mentioned appeals remedy against the preliminary relief, the Tenth Civil Judge requested the posting of a guarantee in the amount of 12,000 Mexican pesos to admit such remedy with suspensive effects that is, preventing the Tijuana Claim from moving forward and releasing the ex-parte preliminary relief, until the appeals remedy is resolved by a superior court within the judiciary branch of the government of the State of Baja California, México. NSC posted the requested guarantee.

 

Further, on April 12, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge granted EWG the opportunity to file a counter guarantee in the amount of 1,500,000 Mexican pesos to maintain the ex-parte preliminary relief granted in its favor. With respect to this matter, the Tenth Civil Judge issued a resolution on April 26, 2019 allowing such counter guarantee to be filed in the form of a security deposit or in any other form allowed by the law.

 

NSC has vigorously opposed the resolution of the Tenth Civil Judge allowing the filing of a counter guarantee through a revocation remedy and an appeals remedy against it. To date, neither of such remedies has been resolved and the Company does not know if EWG has filed the counter guarantee.

 

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CW-Cooperatief has not been officially served with the Tijuana Claim, and AdR has not been notified that it has to appear for such trial. In any event, AdR is only named a third party called to trial, and no claims are made by EWG directly to AdR.

 

The Company cannot presently determine what impact the resolution of the Tijuana Claim may ultimately have on its ability to complete the Project.

 

8. Leases

 

As of January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use ("ROU") asset and lease liability for all leases. ROU assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company's obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. The Company implemented this new accounting standard using the modified retrospective method for its existing leases, which did not cause any adjustments to prior year financial statements.

 

The Company elected the package of transition practical expedients available for existing contracts, which allowed it to carry forward its historical assessments of whether contracts are or contain leases, lease classification and determination of initial direct costs. These leases contain both lease and non-lease components, which the Company has elected to treat as a single lease component. The Company elected not to recognize leases that have an original lease term, including reasonably certain renewal or purchase obligations, of twelve months or less in its consolidated balance sheets for all classes of underlying assets. Lease costs for such short-term leases are recognized on a straight-line basis in net income over the lease term.

 

The Company leases property and equipment under operating leases, primarily land, office and warehouse locations. For leases with terms greater than twelve months, the related asset and obligation are recorded at the present value of lease payments over the term. Many of these leases contain rental escalation clauses which are factored into the determination of lease payments when appropriate. When available, the lease payments are discounted using the rate implicit in the lease; however, the current leases entered into do not provide a readily determinable implicit rate. Therefore, the Company’s incremental borrowing rate is estimated to discount the lease payments based on information available at lease commencement.

 

The land used by the Company to operate its seawater desalination plants in the Cayman Islands and The Bahamas are owned by the Company or leased to the Company for immaterial annual amounts and are not included in the lease amounts presented on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

AdR has entered into a lease with an effective term of 20-years from the date of full operation of the Rosarito seawater desalination plant. The amounts due on this lease are payable in Mexican pesos at an amount that is currently equivalent to approximately $15,000 per month. The lease is cancellable by AdR should it ultimately not proceed with the project. All lease assets denominated in a foreign currency are measured using the exchange rate at commencement of the lease or the adoption of ASU 2016-02, whichever is later. All lease liabilities denominated in a foreign currency are remeasured using the exchange rate as of March 31, 2019.

 

Lease assets and liabilities

 

The following table presents the lease-related assets and liabilities recorded as of March 31, 2019 and their respective location on the consolidated balance sheets:

 

   March 31, 2019 
ASSETS     
Current     
Prepaid expenses and other current assets  $54,740 
Noncurrent     
Operating lease right-of-use assets   3,409,930 
Total lease right-of-use assets  $3,464,670 
      
LIABILITIES     
Current     
Current maturities of operating leases  $433,560 
Noncurrent     
Noncurrent operating leases   3,031,110 
Total lease liabilities  $3,464,670 
      
Weighted average remaining lease term:     
Operating leases   21 years 
      
Weighted average discount rate:     
Operating leases   4.39%

 

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The components of lease cost for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 2019 
Operating lease costs  $221,131 
Short-term lease costs   3,957 
Total lease costs  $225,088 

 

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases is as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended 
   March 31, 2019 
Cash paid for amounts included in measurement of liabilities:     
Operating cash flows from operating leases  $218,080 

 

Future lease payments relating to the Company's operating lease liabilities as of March 31, 2019 were as follows:

 

Years ending December 31,  Total 
Remainder of 2019  $649,539 
2020   518,243 
2021   268,873 
2022   184,500 
2023   184,500 
Thereafter   3,655,430 
Total future lease payments   5,461,085 
Less: Imputed interest   (1,996,415)
Total lease obligations   3,464,670 
Less: Current obligations   (433,560)
Noncurrent lease obligations  $3,031,110 

 

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9. Fair value

 

As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other current liabilities, the note payable to related party, the demand loan payable and dividends payable approximate their fair values due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. Management considers that the carrying amounts for loans receivable as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 approximate their fair value as the stated interest rates approximate market rates.

 

Under US GAAP, fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. US GAAP guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. The Company reviews its fair value hierarchy classifications on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.

 

The following table presents the Company’s fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

    March 31, 2019 
    Level 1    Level 2    Level 3    Total 
Assets:                
Recurring                    
Net asset arising from put/call options  $-   $-   $-   $- 

 

   December 31, 2018 
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total 
Assets:                    
Recurring                    
Net asset arising from put/call options  $-   $-   $24,000   $24,000 

 

The activity for the Level 3 asset for the three months ended March 31, 2019:

 

Net asset arising from put/call options     
Balance as of December 31, 2018(1)  $24,000 
Unrealized loss   (24,000)
Balance as of March 31, 2019(1)  $- 

 

(1)The net asset arising from the put/call options is included in other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2018.

 

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10. Contingencies

 

Cayman Water

 

The Company sells water through its retail operations under a license issued in July 1990 by the Cayman Islands government that granted Cayman Water the exclusive right to provide potable water to customers within its licensed service area. As discussed below, this license expired in January 2018. Pursuant to the license, Cayman Water has the exclusive right to produce potable water and distribute it by pipeline to its licensed service area, which consists of two of the three most populated areas of Grand Cayman Island: Seven Mile Beach and West Bay. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company generated approximately 39% and 44%, respectively, of its consolidated revenues and 56% and 59%, respectively, of its consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license.

 

The license was originally scheduled to expire in July 2010 but was extended several times by the Cayman Islands government in order to provide the parties with additional time to negotiate the terms of a new license agreement. The most recent extension of the license expired on January 31, 2018. The Company continues to provide water subsequent to January 31, 2018 on a month-to-month “good faith” basis under the terms of the expired license in order to allow for the continuation of negotiations for a new license without interruption to an essential service.

 

In October 2016, the Government of the Cayman Islands passed legislation which created a new utilities regulation and competition office (“OfReg”). OfReg is an independent and accountable regulatory body with a view of protecting the rights of consumers, encouraging affordable utility services and promoting competition. OfReg, which began operations in January 2017, has the ability to supervise, monitor and regulate multiple utility undertakings and markets. Supplemental legislation was passed by the Government of the Cayman Islands in April 2017, which transferred responsibility for economic regulation of the water utility sector and the retail license negotiations from the WAC to OfReg in May 2017. The Company began license negotiations with OfReg in July 2017 and such negotiations are continuing. The Company has been informed during its retail license negotiations, both by OfReg and its predecessor in these negotiations, that the Cayman Islands government seeks to restructure the terms of its license in a manner that could significantly reduce the operating income and cash flows the Company has historically generated from its retail license.

 

The Company is presently unable to determine what impact the resolution of its retail license negotiations will have on its cash flows, financial condition or results of operations but such resolution could result in a material reduction (or the loss) of the operating income and cash flows the Company has historically generated from Cayman Water retail operations and could require the Company to record impairment losses to reduce the carrying values of its retail segment assets. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

CW-Bahamas

 

CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable balances due from the WSC amounted to $16.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and $17.6 million as of December 31, 2018. CW-Bahamas received approximately $7.4 million in payments on its accounts receivable in April 2019 and as of April 30, 2019, its accounts receivable balance from the WSC was approximately $11.6 million.

 

Historically, CW-Bahamas has experienced delays in collecting its accounts receivable from the WSC. When these delays occur, the Company holds discussions and meetings with representatives of the WSC and The Bahamas government, and as a result, payment schedules are developed for WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable. All previous delinquent accounts receivable from the WSC were eventually paid in full. Based upon this payment history, CW-Bahamas has never been required to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts for any of its accounts receivable, despite the periodic accumulation of significant delinquent balances. As of March 31, 2019, the Company has not provided an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable from the WSC.

 

If CW-Bahamas continues to be unable to collect a significant portion of its delinquent accounts receivable, one or more of the following events may occur: (i) CW-Bahamas may not have sufficient liquidity to meet its obligations without new funding from its shareholders; (ii) the Company may be required to cease the recognition of revenues on CW-Bahamas’ water supply agreements with the WSC; and (iii) the Company may be required to provide an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable. Any of these events could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

 

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11. Impact of recent accounting standards

 

Adoption of New Accounting Standards:

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which amends the guidance relating to the definition of a lease, recognition of lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet and the related disclosure requirements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases: Targeted Improvements, which amends the new leasing guidance such that entities may elect not to restate their comparative periods in the period of adoption. In January 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-01, Leases (Topic 842), which provides an optional transition practical expedient for the adoption of ASU 2016-02 that, if elected, would not require an organization to reconsider their accounting for existing land easements that are not currently accounted for under the old leases standard and clarify that new or modified land easements should be evaluated under ASU 2016-02, once an entity has adopted the new standard.

 

In December 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-20, Leases (Topic 842): Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors, which addresses issues facing lessors when applying the leases standard such as taxes collected from lessees, certain lessor costs paid directly by lessees and recognition of variable payments for contracts with lease and nonlease components. In March 2019, the FASB issued ASC 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements, which amends the new leasing guidance to align the application of fair value by lessors that are not manufacturers or dealers, requires lessors within the scope of Topic 942, Financial Services-Depository and Lending, to present all principal payments received under leases within investment activities on the Statement of Cash Flows and exempts both lessees and lessors from providing certain interim disclosures in the fiscal year in which a company adopts the new leases standard.

 

The guidance requires lessees to recognize an asset and liability on the balance sheet for all of their lease obligations. Operating leases were previously not recognized on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the standard using the modified retrospective method for its existing leases and the standard created lease assets and lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company elected certain practical expedients and carried forward historical conclusions related to (1) contracts that contain leases, (2) existing lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases. The Company also applied the practical expedient that allows the Company to elect, as an accounting policy, by asset class, to include both lease and non-lease components as a single component and account for it as a lease. The Company applied the short-term lease exception for lessees which allows the Company to not have to apply the recognition requirements of the new leasing guidance for short-term leases and to recognize lease payments in net income on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company also applied the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing it to carry forward its accounting treatment for land easements on existing agreements. The adoption of this new lease standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Effect of newly issued but not yet effective accounting standards:

 

None.

 

12. Subsequent events

 

The current operating agreement for the North Side Water Works (“NSWW”) plant was set to expire in June 2019. Pursuant to a public bidding process, in February 2019 OC-Cayman submitted a bid to operate and maintain this plant for a period of seven years after the current contract expires. In April 2019, the WAC accepted OC-Cayman’s bid for the new agreement, and the WAC and OC-Cayman entered into a new seven-year contract commencing on July l, 2019 for the operation of the NSWW plant. The per gallon price for the water supplied under the new agreement, excluding the pass-through energy component, is approximately 13% less than the price in effect as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The remaining terms of the new agreement are substantially consistent with those of the prior NSWW water supply agreement, except that under the new agreement the WAC will pay the energy costs for the operation of this plant directly to the utility company rather than reimburse OC-Cayman for these costs.

 

The Company evaluated subsequent events through the time of the filing of this report on Form 10-Q. Other than as disclosed in these condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company is not aware of any significant events that occurred subsequent to the balance sheet date but prior to the filing of this report that would have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including but not limited to, statements regarding our future revenues, future plans, objectives, expectations and events, assumptions and estimates. Forward-looking statements can be identified by use of the words or phrases “will,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “estimate,” “project,” “potential,” “believe,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” or similar expressions and variations of such words. Statements that are not historical facts are based on our current expectations, beliefs, assumptions, estimates, forecasts and projections for our business and the industry and markets related to our business.

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this report are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions which are difficult to predict. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed in such forward-looking statements. Important factors which may affect these actual outcomes and results include, without limitation:

 

  · tourism and weather conditions in the areas we serve;
  · the economies of the U.S. and other countries in which we conduct business;
  · our relationships with the governments we serve;
  · regulatory matters, including resolution of the negotiations for the renewal of our retail license on Grand Cayman;
  · our ability to successfully enter new markets, including Mexico and the United States; and
  · other factors, including those “Risk Factors” set forth under Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report and in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report speak as of its date. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statement contained in this Quarterly Report to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any forward-looking statement is based, except as may be required by law.

 

References herein to “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. and its subsidiaries.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Our actual results could differ significantly from such estimates and assumptions.

 

Certain of our accounting estimates or assumptions constitute “critical accounting estimates” for us because:

 

  · the nature of these estimates or assumptions is material due to the levels of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for highly uncertain matters or the susceptibility of such matters to change; and
  · the impact of the estimates and assumptions on financial condition and results of operations is material.

 

Our critical accounting estimates relate to the valuations of our (i) goodwill and intangible assets; and (ii) long-lived assets.

 

Goodwill and intangible assets

 

Goodwill represents the excess cost over the fair value of the assets of an acquired business. Goodwill and intangible assets acquired in a business combination accounted for as a purchase and determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized but are tested for impairment at least annually. Intangible assets with estimable useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values and reviewed periodically for impairment. We evaluate the possible impairment of goodwill annually as part of our reporting process for the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Management identifies our reporting units, which consist of our retail, bulk, services and manufacturing operations, and determines the carrying value of each reporting unit by assigning the assets and liabilities, including the existing goodwill and intangible assets, to those reporting units. We determine the fair value of each reporting unit and compare these fair values to the carrying amounts of the reporting units. To the extent the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, an impairment loss is recorded.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018, we estimated the fair value of our reporting units by applying the discounted cash flow method, the guideline public company method and the mergers and acquisitions method.

 

The discounted cash flow method relied upon seven-year discrete projections of operating results, working capital and capital expenditures, along with a terminal value subsequent to the discrete period. These seven-year projections were based upon historical and anticipated future results, general economic and market conditions, and considered the impact of planned business and operational strategies. The discount rates for the calculations represented the estimated cost of capital for market participants at the time of each analysis.

 

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We also estimated the fair value of each of our reporting units for the year ended December 31, 2018 through reference to the guideline companies and the market multiples implied by guideline merger and acquisition transactions.

 

We weighted the fair values estimated for each of our reporting units under each method and summed such weighted fair values to estimate the overall fair value for each reporting unit. The respective weightings we applied to each method as of December 31, 2018 were as follows:

 

Method  Retail   Bulk   Manufacturing 
Discounted cash flow   80%   80%   80%
Guideline public company   10%   10%   10%
Mergers and acquisitions   10%   10%   10%
    100%   100%   100%

 

The fair values we estimated for our retail, bulk and manufacturing units exceeded their carrying amounts 79%, 62% and 53%, respectively, as of December 31, 2018.

 

Long-lived assets

 

We review the carrying amounts of our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets might not be recoverable. Conditions that would necessitate an impairment assessment include a significant decline in the observable market value of an asset, a significant change in the extent or manner in which an asset is used, or a significant adverse change that would indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or group of assets is not recoverable. For long-lived assets to be held and used, we recognize an impairment loss only if its carrying amount is not recoverable through its undiscounted cash flows and measure the impairment loss based on the difference between the carrying amount and fair value. 

 

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included under Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report and our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 (“2018 Form 10-K”) and the information set forth under Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our 2018 Form 10-K.

 

Net income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 was $6,186,431 ($0.41 per share on a fully diluted basis) as compared to $2,092,525 ($0.14 per share on a fully diluted basis) for the three months ended March 31, 2018. These amounts for these periods include both our continuing operations and (as discussed in the following paragraph) our discontinued operations.

  

In late December 2018, our Board of Directors formally approved the sale of our CW-Belize subsidiary, which was part of our bulk water operations, to Belize Water Services Ltd. (“BWSL”) and on February 14, 2019, we completed the sale (which was effective as of January 1, 2019) of CW-Belize to BWSL. In accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, the gain we recorded on the sale of CW-Belize in 2019 and CW-Belize’s results of operations for 2018 have been reflected in our consolidated results of operations as discontinued operations. Net income from these discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was $3,621,170 ($0.24 per share on a fully diluted basis) and $327,057 ($0.02 per share on a fully diluted basis), respectively.

 

The following discussion and analysis of our results of operations refers only to our continuing operations.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2018

 

Consolidated Results

 

Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders for 2019 was $2,565,261 ($0.17 per share on a fully diluted basis), as compared to $1,765,468 ($0.12 per share on a fully diluted basis) for 2018. The significant increase in net income for 2019 is attributable to incremental operating income of approximately $1.1 million.

  

Total revenues for 2019 increased to $16,988,524 from $14,554,663 in 2018, primarily as a result of our manufacturing segment. Gross profit for 2019 was $6,962,303 (41% of total revenues) as compared to $6,169,041 (42% of total revenues) for 2018. For further discussion of revenues and gross profit see the “Results by Segment” analysis that follows.

 

General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses on a consolidated basis declined slightly to $4,378,034 for 2019 as compared to $4,661,711 for 2018.

 

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Results by Segment

 

Retail Segment:

 

The retail segment contributed $741,047 to our income from operations for 2019 as compared to $522,971 for 2018.

 

Revenues generated by our retail water operations grew slightly to $6,686,660 in 2019 from $6,431,348 in 2018. While the volume of water sold by Cayman Water decreased by just under 2% from 2018 to 2019, energy prices were higher in 2019 than in 2018, increasing the energy pass through component of our Cayman Water retail revenues by approximately $246,000.

 

Retail segment gross profit remained relatively consistent at $3,861,056 (58% of retail revenues) for 2019 as compared to $3,669,794 (57% of retail revenues) for 2018.

 

Consistent with prior periods, we record all non-direct G&A expenses in our retail segment and do not allocate any of these non-direct costs to our other three business segments. Retail G&A expenses remained consistent at $3,117,278 for 2019 as compared to $3,145,483 for 2018.

 

Bulk Segment:

 

The bulk segment contributed $1,941,810 and $2,160,213 to our income from operations for 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Bulk segment revenues were $7,111,313 and $7,446,783 for 2019 and 2018, respectively. The decrease in bulk revenues from 2018 to 2019 is attributable to OC-Cayman, which experienced a decline in revenues of approximately $326,000 primarily as a result of the new contract (at lower rates) with the Water Authority-Cayman (the “WAC”) for water supplied from the Red Gate and North Sound plants which commenced in February 2019.

  

The current operating agreement for the North Side Water Works (“NSWW”) plant was set to expire in June 2019. Pursuant to a public bidding process, in February 2019 we submitted our bid to operate and maintain this plant for a period of seven years after the current contract expires. In April 2019, the WAC accepted OC-Cayman’s bid for the new agreement, and the WAC and OC-Cayman entered into a new seven-year contract commencing on July l, 2019 for the operation of the NSWW plant. The per gallon price for the water supplied under the new agreement, excluding the pass-through energy component, is approximately 13% less than the price in effect as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. The remaining terms of the new agreement are substantially consistent with those of the prior NSWW water supply agreement, except that under the new agreement the WAC will pay the energy costs for the operation of this plant directly to the utility company rather than reimburse OC-Cayman for these costs.

 

Gross profit for our bulk segment was $2,156,722 (30% of bulk revenues) and $2,396,447 (32% of bulk revenues) for 2019 and 2018, respectively. Gross profit in dollars and as a percentage of revenues decreased in 2019 as compared to 2018 due to an increase in depreciation recorded by CW-Bahamas of approximately $207,000 that results from the refurbishment of CW-Bahamas’ Windsor plant that was completed in late 2018.

 

Bulk segment G&A expenses remained consistent at $261,412 for 2019 as compared to $236,234 for 2018.

 

Services Segment:

 

The services segment incurred losses from operations of ($507,227) and ($661,743) for 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

Services segment revenues decreased to $100,577 for 2019 from $123,764 for 2018 due to lower fees generated under our management services agreement with OC-BVI.

 

The services segment recorded gross losses on revenues of ($21,342) and ($11,107) for 2019 and 2018, respectively, as revenues for these periods were not sufficient to cover operating costs.

 

G&A expenses for the services segment decreased to $485,885 for 2019 as compared to $650,636 for 2018, reflecting a decrease of approximately $163,000 in our Mexico project development expenses.

 

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Manufacturing Segment:

 

The manufacturing segment contributed $452,408 to our income from operations in 2019. The manufacturing segment incurred a loss from operations of ($515,451) in 2018.

 

Manufacturing revenues were $3,089,974 and $552,768 for 2019 and 2018, respectively. Manufacturing revenues increased from 2018 to 2019 due to an increase in the number of orders and expanded project production activity. In addition, a portion of Aerex’s production capacity in 2018 was utilized in the production of various components used by its affiliate, CW-Bahamas, in the refurbishment of CW-Bahamas’ Windsor plant. While the revenues Aerex generated from this work for CW-Bahamas amounted to approximately $700,000 in 2018, such intercompany revenues were eliminated in consolidation for financial reporting purposes.

 

Manufacturing gross profit was $965,867 (31% of manufacturing revenues) and $113,907 (21% of manufacturing revenues) for 2019 and 2018, respectively. The increases in manufacturing gross profit in dollars and as a percentage of revenues stem from the increase in revenues and production activity.

 

G&A expenses for the manufacturing segment dropped to $513,459 for 2019 as compared to $629,358 for 2018 as a result of a decrease in the amortization expenses for the intangible assets recorded in connection with the acquisition of Aerex.

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

The significant changes in our consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2019 as compared to December 31, 2018 (other than the change in our cash and cash equivalents, which is discussed later in “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES”) result from changes in restricted cash, inventory, property, plant and equipment, construction in progress, and lease assets and liabilities.

 

The restricted cash balance of $1.5 million as of March 31, 2019, represents a certificate of deposit with an original maturity of three months or less, held as security for a $1.5 million standby letter of credit obtained in March 2019.

 

The increase in current inventory from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 resulted primarily from incremental amounts of raw materials purchased by Aerex to support its increased production activity.

 

Property, plant and equipment increased approximately $5.4 million, and construction in progress decreased by approximately $5.6 million, from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 as a result of the commissioning of the expanded plant capacity of our Abel Castillo Water Works plant in Grand Cayman in March 2019.

 

The increase in lease assets and liabilities from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 results from the adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), effective January 1, 2019, which required us to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for all leases.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Liquidity Position

 

Our projected liquidity requirements for the last three quarters of 2019 include capital expenditures for our existing operations of approximately $3.3 million, approximately $5.3 million to be expended for NSC's and AdR's project development activities and approximately $1.3 million for dividends payable. Our liquidity requirements may also include future quarterly dividends, if such dividends are declared by our Board. Our dividend payments amounted to approximately $5.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 and approximately $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

 

In February 2019, our Board approved a $4 million revolving loan facility to Aerex with interest at the rate of 3% per annum, repayable in December 2019. In March 2019, Aerex borrowed $2.5 million under this revolving loan facility and borrowed an additional $1.5 million in April 2019.

 

As of March 31, 2019, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $38.0 million and working capital of approximately $61.8 million. Except for the liquidity matter relating to CW-Bahamas that is discussed in the paragraphs that follow, we are not presently aware of anything that would lead us to believe that we will not have sufficient liquidity to meet our needs for 2019 and thereafter.

 

CW-Bahamas Liquidity

 

CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable balances due from the Water and Sewerage Corporation of The Bahamas (“WSC”) amounted to $16.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and $17.6 million as of December 31, 2018. Approximately 75% of the March 31, 2019 accounts receivable balance was delinquent as of that date. The delay in collecting these accounts receivable has adversely impacted the liquidity of this subsidiary.

 

Historically, CW-Bahamas has experienced delays in collecting its accounts receivable from the WSC. When these delays occur, we hold discussions and meetings with representatives of the WSC and The Bahamas government, and as a result, payment schedules are developed for WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable. All previous delinquent accounts receivable from the WSC were eventually paid in full. Based upon this payment history, CW-Bahamas has never been required to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts for any of its accounts receivable, despite the periodic accumulation of significant delinquent balances. As of March 31, 2019, we have not provided an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable from the WSC.

 

CW-Bahamas received approximately $7.4 million in payments on its accounts receivable in April 2019 and as of April 30, 2019 its accounts receivable balance from the WSC was approximately $11.6 million.

 

If CW-Bahamas continues to be unable to collect a significant portion of its delinquent accounts receivable, one or more of the following events may occur: (i) CW-Bahamas may not have sufficient liquidity to meet its obligations without new funding from its shareholders; (ii) we may be required to cease the recognition of revenues on CW-Bahamas’ water supply agreements with the WSC; and (iii) we may be required to provide an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable. Any of these events could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

 

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Discussion of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

Our cash and cash equivalents increased to $38,016,963 as of March 31, 2019 from $31,337,477 as of December 31, 2018.

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

Our operating activities from continuing operations provided cash of $3,693,963. This net cash provided reflects net income generated for the three months ended March 31, 2019, of $6,460,339 as adjusted for (i) various items included in the determination of net income that do not affect cash flows during the year; and (ii) changes in the other components of working capital. The more significant of such items and changes in working capital components included depreciation and amortization of $1,743,892, the gain on sale of CW-Belize of $3,621,170, an increase in inventory of $1,763,168 primarily in the manufacturing segment, and a net decrease in accounts receivable (primarily attributable to CW-Bahamas) of $2,164,609.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

Net cash provided by our investing activities was $5,781,427. Additions to property, plant and equipment and construction in progress (primarily arising from the refurbishment of the CW-Bahamas’ Windsor plant and the expansion of Cayman Water’s Abel Castillo Water Works plant) used $1,336,022 in cash. These cash outflows were offset by $364,515 in collections on loans receivable from the WAC and $6,706,234 in proceeds from the sale of CW-Belize.

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Our financing activities used $1,295,904 in net cash, almost all of which related to the payment of dividends.

 

Material Commitments, Expenditures and Contingencies

 

Cayman Water Retail License

 

We sell water through our retail operations under a license issued in July 1990 by the Cayman Islands government that granted Cayman Water the exclusive right to provide potable water to customers within its licensed service area. As discussed below, this license expired in January 2018. Pursuant to the license, Cayman Water had the exclusive right to produce potable water and distribute it by pipeline to its licensed service area, which consists of two of the three most populated areas of Grand Cayman Island: Seven Mile Beach and West Bay. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, we generated approximately 39% and 44%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues and 56% and 59%, respectively, of our consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license.

 

The license was originally scheduled to expire in July 2010 but was extended several times by the Cayman Islands government in order to provide the parties with additional time to negotiate the terms of a new license agreement. The most recent extension of the license expired on January 31, 2018. We continue to provide water subsequent to January 31, 2018 on a month-to-month “good faith” basis under the terms of the expired license in order to allow for the continuation of negotiations for a new license without interruption to an essential service.

 

In October 2016, the Government of the Cayman Islands passed legislation which created a new utilities regulation and competition office (“OfReg”). OfReg is an independent and accountable regulatory body with a view of protecting the rights of consumers, encouraging affordable utility services and promoting competition. OfReg, which began operations in January 2017, has the ability to supervise, monitor and regulate multiple utility undertakings and markets. Supplemental legislation was passed by the Government of the Cayman Islands in April 2017, which transferred responsibility for economic regulation of the water utility sector and the retail license negotiations from the WAC to OfReg in May 2017. We began license negotiations with OfReg in July 2017 and such negotiations are continuing. We have been informed during our retail license negotiations, both by OfReg and its predecessor in these negotiations, that the Cayman Islands government seeks to restructure the terms of our license in a manner that could significantly reduce the operating income and cash flows we have historically generated from our retail license. We proposed to OfReg to adjust our rates in January 2019 consistent with the terms of the previous license, however OfReg has communicated that they have deferred any such adjustment until further notice.

 

The Cayman Islands government could ultimately grant a third party a license to service some or all of Cayman Water’s present service area. However, as set forth in the expired license, “the Governor hereby agrees that upon the expiry of the term of this Licence or any extension thereof, he will not grant a licence or franchise to any other person or company for the processing, distribution, sale and supply of water within the Licence Area without having first offered such a licence or franchise to the Company on terms no less favourable than the terms offered to such other person or company.”

 

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We are presently unable to determine what impact the resolution of our retail license negotiations will have on our cash flows, financial condition or results of operations but such resolution could result in a material reduction (or the loss) of the operating income and cash flows we have historically generated from our retail operations and could require us to record an impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of our retail segment assets. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

NSC and AdR project development

 

In May 2010, we acquired, through our wholly-owned Netherlands subsidiary, Consolidated Water Cooperatief, U.A., (“CW-Cooperatief”) a 50% interest in N.S.C. Agua, S.A. de C.V. (“NSC”), a development stage Mexican company. We have since purchased, through the conversion of a loan we made to NSC, additional shares that increased our ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. NSC was formed to pursue a project (the “Project”) encompassing the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and accompanying pipelines to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system. As discussed in the paragraphs that follow, during 2015 the scope of the Project was defined by the State of Baja California (the “State”) to consist of a first phase consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and an aqueduct that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity.

 

Through a series of transactions completed in 2012-2014, NSC purchased 20.1 hectares of land for approximately $20.6 million on which the proposed Project’s plant would be constructed.

 

In November 2012, NSC entered into a lease with an effective term of 20 years from the date of full operation of the desalination plant with the Comisión Federal de Electricidad for approximately 5,000 square meters of land on which it plans to construct the water intake and discharge works for the plant. The amounts due on this lease are payable in Mexican pesos at an amount that is currently equivalent to approximately $15,000 per month. This lease may be cancelled by NSC should NSC ultimately not proceed with the Project.

 

In August 2014, the State enacted new legislation to regulate Public-Private Association projects which involve the type of long-term contract between a public-sector authority and a private party that NSC is seeking to complete the Project (the “APP Law”). Pursuant to this new legislation, on January 4, 2015, NSC submitted an expression of interest for its project to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Urban Development of the State of Baja California (“SIDUE”). SIDUE accepted NSC’s expression of interest and requested that NSC submit a detailed proposal for the Project that complies with the requirements of the new legislation. NSC submitted this detailed proposal (the “APP Proposal”) to SIDUE in late March 2015. The new legislation required that such proposal be evaluated by SIDUE and submitted to the Public-Private Association Projects State Committee (the “APP Committee”) for review and authorization. If the Project was authorized the State would be required to conduct a public tender for the Project.

 

In response to its APP Proposal, in September 2015 NSC received a letter dated June 30, 2015 from the Director General of the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the State agency with responsibility for the Project, stating that (i) the Project is in the public interest with high social benefits and is consistent with the objectives of the State development plan; and (ii) that the Project and accompanying required public tender process should be conducted. In November 2015, the State officially commenced the tender for the Project, the scope of which the State has defined as a first phase to be operational in 2019 consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and an aqueduct that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase to be operational in 2024 consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity. A consortium (the “Consortium”) comprised of NSC, NuWater S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“NuWater”) and Suez Medio Ambiente México, S.A. de C.V., (“Suez MA”) a subsidiary of SUEZ International, S.A.S. submitted its tender for the Project in April 2016 and in June 2016, the State designated the Consortium as the winner of tender process for the Project.

  

Due to the amount of capital the Project requires, NSC will ultimately need an equity partner or partners for the Project. Consequently, NSC’s tender to the State for the Project was based upon the following: (i) NSC will sell or otherwise transfer the land and other Project assets to a new company (“Newco”) that would build and own the Project; (ii) NSC’s potential partners would provide the majority of the equity for the Project and thereby would own the majority interest in Newco; (iii) NSC would maintain a minority ownership position in Newco; and (iv) Newco would enter into a long-term management and technical services contract for the Project with an entity partially owned by NSC or another Company subsidiary.

 

In August 2016, NSC and NuWater incorporated Newco under the name Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”), a special purpose company, to complete the Project and executed a shareholders agreement for AdR agreeing among other things that (i) AdR would purchase the land and other Project assets from NSC on the date that the Project begins commercial operation and (ii) AdR would enter into a Management and Technical Services Agreement with NSC effective on the first day that the Project begins commercial operation. NSC initially owned 99.6% of the equity of AdR. In February 2018, NSC acquired the remaining 0.4% ownership in AdR from NuWater.

 

On August 22, 2016, the Public Private Partnership Agreement for public private partnership number 002/2015, bid number SIDUE-CEA-APP-2015-002 (“APP Contract”), was executed between AdR, the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the Government of Baja California represented by the Secretary of Planning and Finance and the Public Utilities Commission of Tijuana (“CESPT”). The APP Contract requires AdR to design, construct, finance and operate a seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant (and accompanying aqueduct) with a capacity of up to 100 million gallons per day in two phases: the first with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to the Mexican potable water system in Tijuana, Baja California and the second phase with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day. The first phase must be operational within 36 months of commencing construction and the second phase must be operational by July 2024. The APP Contract further requires AdR to operate and maintain the plant and aqueduct for a period of 37 years starting from the commencement of operation of the first phase. At the end of the operating period, the plant and aqueduct will be transferred to CEA.

 

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The APP Contract does not become effective until the following remaining open conditions have been met:

 

  · the State has established and registered various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for specific use by the Project;
  · various water purchase and sale agreements between the CEA, the payment trusts and the CESPT have been executed;
  · AdR has obtained all rights of way required for the aqueduct; and
  · all debt financing agreements necessary to provide the funding to AdR for the first phase of the Project have been executed.

 

In December 2016, the Congress of the State of Baja California, Mexico (the “Congress”) passed Decreto #57 which, among other things, ratified and authorized the payment obligations of the corresponding public entities under the APP Contract and authorized the corresponding public entities to obtain a credit facility to guarantee their payment obligations. During 2017, following consultations between representatives of the State of Baja California and the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Government of Mexico, it was determined that certain amendments to Decreto #57 were required to comply with recent changes to the Federal Financial Discipline Law for Federative Entities and Municipalities (the “Financial Discipline Law”). In addition, it was necessary to amend Decreto #57 to authorize the inclusion of revenues from the CESPT in the primary payment trust for the Project. These amendments were included in Decreto #168, which was approved by the Congress in December 2017. The authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract given in Decreto #57, as amended by Decreto #168, expired on December 31, 2018. During the congressional session held at the end of March 2019, the Congress passed Decreto #335, which renewed the authorizations for the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines required to be established for the Project by the State entities. Decreto #335 expires December 31, 2019.

 

Both the exchange rate for the Mexico peso relative to the dollar and general macroeconomic conditions in Mexico have varied since the execution of the APP Contract. These changes have adversely impacted the estimated construction, operating and financing costs for the Project. The APP Contract and the APP Law allow for the parties to negotiate (but do not guarantee) modifications to the consideration (i.e. water tariff) under the APP Contract in the event of such significant macroeconomic condition changes. In February 2017, AdR submitted proposals to the CEA requesting the definition of the mechanism required by the APP Contract to update the consideration under the APP Contract for changes in foreign exchange rates, lending rates and certain laws which have impacted the Project. On June 1, 2018, AdR and the CEA executed an amendment to the APP Contract which, among other things, increases the scope of Phase 1 of the Project by including the aqueduct originally designated for Phase 2, and addresses AdR’s concerns regarding the impact on the Project for changes in the exchange rate for the peso relative to the dollar and changes in interest rates that have occurred subsequent to the submission of the Consortium’s bid for the Project. As a result of this amendment to the APP Contract, the final cost of Phase 1 and the related consideration to be charged by AdR under the APP Contract will be determined based upon the bid submitted by the Consortium, the changes set forth in the amendment to the APP Contract and the economic conditions (e.g. interest rates and currency exchange rates) in effect on the financial closing date for Phase 1.

 

In February 2018, AdR executed a subscription agreement (the “Agreement”) for the equity funding required for the Project. The Agreement calls for NSC to retain a minimum of 25% of the equity in AdR. One or more affiliates of Greenfield SPV VII, S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“Greenfield”), a Mexico company managed by an affiliate of a leading U.S. asset manager, will acquire a minimum of 55% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement also provides Suez MA with the option to purchase 20% of the equity of AdR. If Suez MA does not exercise this option, NSC will retain 35% of the equity of AdR and Greenfield will acquire 65% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement will become effective when the additional conditions related to the Project are met, including but not limited to those conditions discussed previously. The aggregate funding to be provided by AdR’s shareholders for the Project, in the form of equity and subordinated shareholder loans, is presently estimated at approximately 20% of the total cost of Phase 1 of the Project. This Agreement expires on June 30, 2019, unless otherwise extended by mutual agreement of the parties.

 

NSC expects to generate a portion of its funding for AdR through the sale to AdR of the land it has purchased for the Project. Under the terms of the Agreement, Suez MA will design and construct the Project, while a joint venture company between NSC and Suez MA will operate the Project.

 

In June 2018, AdR and Suez MA executed a contract whereby Suez MA will serve as the engineering, procurement and construction contractor for the Project with such contract becoming effective on the effective date of the APP Contract.

 

The political environment in Mexico has recently experienced significant changes and the new federal administration has made economic policy announcements focusing on austerity. While the long-term ramifications of such changes and announcements are unknown, in the short-term they have (i) caused certain rating agencies to lower Mexico’s sovereign credit rating, (ii) resulted in a decrease in the value of the Mexico peso and (iii) created uncertainty with respect to the incoming administration’s position on projects and contracts approved by previous administrations. The federal administration has a strong influence on many of the state and local governments and congresses, raising the possibility that the federal government will influence local politics, which could impact the State’s and the CEA’s ability to meet certain conditions required to make the APP Contract effective.

 

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If AdR is ultimately unable to proceed with the Project due to a failure by any of the parties involved to meet the conditions necessary for the APP Contract to become effective, or for any other reason, the land NSC has purchased and the right of way deposits it has made may lose their strategic importance derived from their association with the Project and consequently may decline in value. If AdR does not proceed with the Project, NSC may ultimately be unable to sell this land or recoup its right of way deposits for amounts at least equal to their carrying values as of March 31, 2019 of approximately $21.1 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Any loss on the sale of the land, or impairment losses NSC may be required to record as a result of a decrease in the (i) fair value of the land; or (ii) value of the rights of way arising from the inability to complete the Project, could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Included in the Company’s results of operations are general and administrative expenses from NSC and AdR, consisting of organizational, legal, accounting, engineering, consulting and other costs relating to Project development activities. Such expenses amounted to approximately $484,000 and $648,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The assets and liabilities of NSC and AdR included in our consolidated balance sheets amounted to approximately $29.1 million and $306,000, respectively, as of March 31, 2019 and approximately $26.2 million and $243,000 respectively, as of December 31, 2018.

 

Project Litigation

 

Tecate Claim:

 

Immediately following CW-Cooperatief’s acquisition of its initial 50% ownership in NSC, the remaining 50% ownership interest in NSC was held by an unrelated company, Norte Sur Agua, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“NSA”). NSA subsequently transferred ownership of half of its shares in NSC to EWG Water LLC (“EWG”) and the other half of its shares in NSC to Alejandro de la Vega (the “individual shareholder”). In February 2012, we paid $300,000 to enter into an agreement (the “Option Agreement”) that provided us with an option, exercisable through February 7, 2014, to purchase the shares of NSC owned by the individual shareholder for a price of $1.0 million along with an immediate usufruct and power of attorney to vote those shares. Such shares constituted 25% of the ownership of NSC as of February 2012. In May 2013, NSC repaid a $5.7 million loan payable to CW-Cooperatief by issuing additional shares of its stock. As a result of this share issuance to CW-Cooperatief, we acquired 99.99% of the ownership of NSC. The Option Agreement contained an anti-dilution provision that required us to transfer or otherwise cause the individual shareholder to acquire, for a total price of $1 (regardless of their par or market value), shares in NSC of an amount sufficient to maintain the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC if (i) any new shares of NSC were issued subsequent to the execution of the Option Agreement (causing the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC to be decreased); and (ii) we did not exercise our share purchase option by February 7, 2014. We exercised our option and paid the $1.0 million to the individual shareholder to purchase the Option Agreement shares in February 2014.

 

In October 2015, we learned that EWG filed a lawsuit against the individual shareholder, NSC, NSA, CW-Cooperatief, other third parties, and the Public Registry of Commerce of Tijuana, Baja California in the Civil Court located in Tecate, Baja California, Mexico. In this lawsuit, EWG challenged, among other things, the capital investment transactions that increased our ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter, among others: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; and (c) appoint an inspector for NSA and NSC to oversee its commercial activities. The court granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the placement of inscriptions for the lawsuit on NSC’s public records.

 

EWG also sought an order directing, among other things: (i) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief to refrain from carrying out any transactions with respect to the Project; and (ii) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, and the partners thereof, to refrain from transferring any interests in NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief.

 

On April 5, 2016, NSC filed a motion for reconsideration with the Tecate, Mexico court asking, among other things, that the court; (i) reverse its order to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; (ii) cancel the appointment of the inspector; and (iii) allow NSC to provide a counter-guarantee to suspend the effects of the court’s order regarding the challenged transactions. On April 26, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued an interlocutory judgment; (i) ordering the cancellation of the inscriptions on NSC’s public records; and (ii) rejecting NSC’s motion for cancellation of the appointment of the inspector.

 

On April 26, 2016, NSC filed a full answer to EWG’s claims rejecting every claim made by EWG.

 

On May 17, 2016, NSC filed a claim with the Third District Court in Matters of Amparo and Federal Trials in the City of Tijuana, Baja California (the “Amparo Court”) challenging the Tecate, Mexico court ex-parte order which appointed an inspector over NSC’s commercial activities. On July 29, 2016, the Amparo Court found that such appointment is unconstitutional and reversed the Tecate, Mexico court’s appointment of an inspector.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued a decree granting the counter-guaranty requested by NSC. Such counter-guaranty was fixed in the amount of 300,000 Mexican pesos and was given to the court on October 13, 2016 at which time all remaining ex-parte restrictions on NSC related to the challenged transactions were suspended.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Tecate, Mexico court declared that the initial filing of this lawsuit had expired due to EWG’s lack of activity with respect to certain actions required to proceed to trial. Further, on May 25, 2017, such court declaration became definitive. EWG is entitled to refile the lawsuit, but to date has not done so.

 

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Tijuana Claim - Amparo:

 

In addition to the Tecate Claim, in January 2018, EWG initiated an ordinary mercantile claim (the “Tijuana Claim”) against the individual shareholder named in the Tecate Claim, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, (with AdR being named as a third party to be called to trial) before the Tenth Civil Judge in Tijuana, Baja California for Mercantile Matters (the “Tenth Civil Judge”).

 

The Tijuana Claim is similar to the Tecate Claim in the petitions sought by EWG. In the Tijuana Claim, EWG challenged, among other things, the transactions contemplated under the Option Agreement, and therefore, the capital investment transactions that increased the ownership interest of CW-Cooperatief in NSC to 99.99%, as a consequence of the Option Agreement. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter to: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records (including a special request to register a lien over the real estate owned by NSC); (c) appoint an inspector for NSC to oversee its commercial activities; and (d) order public officials in Mexico and credit institutions abroad to refrain from authorizing or executing any legal act related with the activities of the plaintiff, the co-defendants and the third party called to trial to avoid damages to third parties, including those with whom negotiations or any form of commercial or administrative activities, or activities of any other nature related with the “Rosarito” water desalination project, are being conducted. The Tenth Civil Judge granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the issuance of official writs to several governmental /public entities involved with the Project, including the registration of the pendency of the lawsuit in certain public records, similarly to the Tecate Claim.

 

In April 2018, AdR filed an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) against the official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two governmental entities. In May 2018, the amparo claim was amended to also request protection against additional official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two other governmental entities and one banking institution. In May 2018, the Third District Court for Amparo and Federal Trials in the State of Baja California with residence in Tijuana granted a temporary suspension of the effects and consequences of the claimed official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge pending a further determination by the Third District Court. Such suspension was granted definitively in July 2018, and in August 2018, a resolution determining that the claimed official writs are unconstitutional, was issued. EWG filed a remedy against such resolution, which has not yet been resolved.

 

On October 16, 2018, NSC was served with the Tijuana Claim. On November 7, 2018, NSC filed a legal response to this claim, vigorously opposing the claims made by EWG. In addition to such legal response, NSC has filed (i) a request to submit the Tijuana Claim to arbitration, based on certain provisions of the by-laws of NSC, (ii) an appeal remedy against the preliminary relief, and (iii) a request for the setting of a guarantee to release the preliminary relief granted in favor of EWG. Neither the request for arbitration nor the mentioned appeal have been resolved.

 

On February 26, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge acknowledged the filing of the mentioned legal response, the request to submit to arbitration, and the appeals remedy, granting EWG a period of three business days to, among others, state what it deemed convenient to its interest. However, to date, no resolution on such matters has been issued.

 

Further, on February 26, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge set the requested guarantee, in the form of a security deposit in the amount of 1,000,000 Mexican pesos, to release the preliminary relief sought by EWG. On March 4, 2019, NSC filed before the Tenth Civil Judge evidence of such security deposit, requesting the release of the mentioned preliminary relief. Due to the recent filing of the security deposit, as of the date hereof, the resolution on the release of the preliminary relief is pending.

 

On April 12, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge ruled that the request for arbitration was not applicable under Mexican law.

 

With respect to the previously mentioned appeals remedy against the preliminary relief, the Tenth Civil Judge requested the posting of a guarantee in the amount of 12,000 Mexican pesos to admit such remedy with suspensive effects that is, preventing the Tijuana Claim from moving forward and releasing the ex-parte preliminary relief, until the appeals remedy is resolved by a superior court within the judiciary branch of the government of the State of Baja California, México. NSC posted the requested guarantee.

 

Further, on April 12, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge granted EWG the opportunity to file a counter guarantee in the amount of 1,500,000 Mexican pesos to maintain the ex-parte preliminary relief granted in its favor. With respect to this matter, the Tenth Civil Judge issued a resolution on April 26, 2019 allowing such counter guarantee to be filed in the form of a security deposit or in any other form allowed by the law.

 

NSC has vigorously opposed the resolution of the Tenth Civil Judge allowing the filing of a counter guarantee through a revocation remedy and an appeals remedy against it. To date, neither of such remedies has been resolved and the Company does not know if EWG has filed the counter guarantee.

 

CW-Cooperatief has not been officially served with the Tijuana Claim, and AdR has not been notified that it has to appear for such trial. In any event, AdR is only named a third party called to trial, and no claims are made by EWG directly to AdR.

 

We cannot presently determine what impact the resolution of the Tijuana Claim may ultimately have on our ability to complete the Project.

 

CW-Bahamas Performance Guarantees

 

Our contract to supply water to the WSC from our Blue Hills plant requires us to guarantee delivery of a minimum quantity of water per week. If we do not meet this minimum, we are required to pay the WSC for the difference between the minimum and actual gallons delivered at a per gallon rate equal to the price per gallon that WSC is currently paying us under the contract. The Blue Hills contract expires in 2032 and requires us to deliver 63.0 million gallons of water each week.

 

Adoption of New Accounting Standards:

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which amends the guidance relating to the definition of a lease, recognition of lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet, and the related disclosure requirements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases: Targeted Improvements, which amends the new leasing guidance such that entities may elect not to restate their comparative periods in the period of adoption. In January 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-01, Leases (Topic 842) , which provides an optional transition practical expedient for the adoption of ASU 2016-02 that, if elected, would not require an organization to reconsider their accounting for existing land easements that are not currently accounted for under the old leases standard and clarify that new or modified land easements should be evaluated under ASU 2016-02, once an entity has adopted the new standard.

 

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In December 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-20, Leases (Topic 842): Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors, which addresses issues facing lessors when applying the leases standard such as taxes collected from lessees, certain lessor costs paid directly by lessees, and recognition of variable payments for contracts with lease and nonlease components. In March 2019, the FASB issued ASC 2019-01, Leases (Topic 842): Codification Improvements, which amends the new leasing guidance to align the application of fair value by lessors that are not manufacturers or dealers, requires lessors within the scope of Topic 942, Financial Services-Depository and Lending, to present all principal payments received under leases within investment activities on the Statement of Cash Flows, and exempts both lessees and lessors from providing certain interim disclosures in the fiscal year in which a company adopts the new leases standard.

 

The guidance requires lessees to recognize an asset and liability on the balance sheet for all of their lease obligations. Operating leases were previously not recognized on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted the standard using the modified retrospective method for its existing leases and the standard created lease assets and lease liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets.

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company elected certain practical expedients and carried forward historical conclusions related to (1) contracts that contain leases, (2) existing lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases. The Company also applied the practical expedient that allows the Company to elect, as an accounting policy, by asset class, to include both lease and non-lease components as a single component and account for it as a lease. The Company applied the short-term lease exception for lessees which allows the Company to not have to apply the recognition requirements of the new leasing guidance for short-term leases and to recognize lease payments in net income on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company also applied the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing it to carry forward its accounting treatment for land easements on existing agreements. Based on an analysis the Company has performed, the adoption of this new lease standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Effect of newly issued but not yet effective accounting standards:

 

None.

 

Dividends

 

  · On January 31, 2019, we paid a dividend of $0.085 to shareholders of record on January 2, 2019.
  · On February 6, 2019, our Board declared a dividend of $0.085 payable on April 30, 2019 to shareholders of record on April 1, 2019.

 

We have paid dividends to owners of our common shares and redeemable preferred shares since we began declaring dividends in 1985. Our payment of any future cash dividends will depend upon our earnings, financial condition, cash flows, capital requirements and other factors our Board of Directors deems relevant in determining the amount and timing of such dividends.

 

Dividend Reinvestment and Common Stock Purchase Plan

 

This program is available to our shareholders, who may reinvest all or a portion of their common cash dividends into shares of common stock at prevailing market prices and may also invest optional cash payments to purchase additional shares at prevailing market prices as part of this program.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

Under the terms of our Cayman Islands license and our water sales agreements in The Bahamas and the British Virgin Islands, our water rates are automatically adjusted for inflation on an annual basis, subject to temporary exceptions. We, therefore, believe that the impact of inflation on our gross profit, measured in consistent dollars, will not be material. However, significant increases in items such as fuel and energy costs could create additional credit risks for us, as our customers’ ability to pay our invoices could be adversely affected by such increases.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

There have been no material changes in our exposure to market risk from December 31, 2018 to the end of the period covered by this report.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management has evaluated, with the participation of its principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

Changes in Internal Controls

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation of such internal control that occurred during our last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

NSC and AdR

 

Tecate Claim:

 

In May 2010, we acquired, through our wholly-owned Netherlands subsidiary, CW-Cooperatief a 50% interest in NSC, which was formed to pursue a project (the “Project”) encompassing the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and accompanying pipelines to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system. Immediately following CW-Cooperatief’s acquisition of its initial 50% ownership in NSC, the remaining 50% ownership interest in NSC was held by an unrelated company, Norte Sur Agua, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“NSA”). NSA subsequently transferred ownership of half of its shares in NSC to EWG Water LLC (“EWG”) and the other half of its shares in NSC to Alejandro de la Vega (the “individual shareholder”). In February 2012, we paid $300,000 to enter into an agreement (the “Option Agreement”) that provided us with an option, exercisable through February 7, 2014, to purchase the shares of NSC owned by the individual shareholder for a price of $1.0 million along with an immediate usufruct and power of attorney to vote those shares. Such shares constituted 25% of the ownership of NSC as of February 2012. In May 2013, NSC repaid a $5.7 million loan payable to CW-Cooperatief by issuing additional shares of its stock. As a result of this share issuance to CW-Cooperatief, we acquired 99.99% of the ownership of NSC. The Option Agreement contained an anti-dilution provision that required us to transfer or otherwise cause the individual shareholder to acquire, for a total price of $1 (regardless of their par or market value), shares in NSC of an amount sufficient to maintain the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC if (i) any new shares of NSC were issued subsequent to the execution of the Option Agreement (causing the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC to be decreased); and (ii) we did not exercise our share purchase option by February 7, 2014. We exercised our option and paid the $1.0 million to the individual shareholder to purchase the Option Agreement shares in February 2014.

 

In October 2015, we learned that EWG filed a lawsuit against the individual shareholder, NSC, NSA, CW-Cooperatief, other third parties, and the Public Registry of Commerce of Tijuana, Baja California in the Civil Court located in Tecate, Baja California, Mexico. In this lawsuit, EWG challenged, among other things, the capital investment transactions that increased our ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter, among others: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; and (c) appoint an inspector for NSA and NSC to oversee its commercial activities. The court granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the placement of inscriptions for the lawsuit on NSC’s public records.

 

EWG also sought an order directing, among other things: (i) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief to refrain from carrying out any transactions with respect to the Project; and (ii) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, and the partners thereof, to refrain from transferring any interests in NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief.

 

On April 5, 2016, NSC filed a motion for reconsideration with the Tecate, Mexico court asking, among other things, that the court; (i) reverse its order to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; (ii) cancel the appointment of the inspector; and (iii) allow NSC to provide a counter-guarantee to suspend the effects of the court’s order regarding the challenged transactions. On April 26, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued an interlocutory judgment; (i) ordering the cancellation of the inscriptions on NSC’s public records; and (ii) rejecting NSC’s motion for cancellation of the appointment of the inspector.

 

On April 26, 2016, NSC filed a full answer to EWG’s claims rejecting every claim made by EWG.

 

On May 17, 2016, NSC filed a claim with the Third District Court in Matters of Amparo and Federal Trials in the City of Tijuana, Baja California (the “Amparo Court”) challenging the Tecate, Mexico court ex-parte order which appointed an inspector over NSC’s commercial activities. On July 29, 2016, the Amparo Court found that such appointment is unconstitutional and reversed the Tecate, Mexico court’s appointment of an inspector.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued a decree granting the counter-guaranty requested by NSC. Such counter-guaranty was fixed in the amount of 300,000 Mexican pesos and was given to the court on October 13, 2016 at which time all remaining ex-parte restrictions on NSC related to the challenged transactions were suspended.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Tecate, Mexico court declared that the initial filing of this lawsuit had expired due to EWG’s lack of activity with respect to certain actions required to proceed to trial. Further, on May 25, 2017, such court declaration became definitive. EWG is entitled to refile the lawsuit, but to date has not done so.

 

Tijuana Claim - Amparo:

 

In addition to the Tecate Claim, in January 2018, EWG initiated an ordinary mercantile claim (the “Tijuana Claim”) against the individual shareholder named in the Tecate Claim, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, (with AdR being named as a third party to be called to trial) before the Tenth Civil Judge in Tijuana, Baja California for Mercantile Matters (the “Tenth Civil Judge”).

 

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The Tijuana Claim is similar to the Tecate Claim in the petitions sought by EWG. In the Tijuana Claim, EWG challenged, among other things, the transactions contemplated under the Option Agreement, and therefore, the capital investment transactions that increased the ownership interest of CW-Cooperatief in NSC to 99.99%, as a consequence of the Option Agreement. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter to: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records (including a special request to register a lien over the real estate owned by NSC); (c) appoint an inspector for NSC to oversee its commercial activities; and (d) order public officials in Mexico and credit institutions abroad to refrain from authorizing or executing any legal act related with the activities of the plaintiff, the co-defendants and the third party called to trial to avoid damages to third parties, including those with whom negotiations or any form of commercial or administrative activities, or activities of any other nature related with the “Rosarito” water desalination project, are being conducted. The Tenth Civil Judge granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the issuance of official writs to several governmental /public entities involved with the Project, including the registration of the pendency of the lawsuit in certain public records, similarly to the Tecate Claim.

 

In April 2018, AdR filed an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) against the official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two governmental entities. In May 2018, the amparo claim was amended to also request protection against additional official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two other governmental entities and one banking institution. In May 2018, the Third District Court for Amparo and Federal Trials in the State of Baja California with residence in Tijuana granted a temporary suspension of the effects and consequences of the claimed official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge pending a further determination by the Third District Court. Such suspension was granted definitively in July 2018, and in August 2018, a resolution determining that the claimed official writs are unconstitutional, was issued. EWG filed a remedy against such resolution, which has not yet been resolved.

 

On October 16, 2018, NSC was served with the Tijuana Claim. On November 7, 2018, NSC filed a legal response to this claim, vigorously opposing the claims made by EWG. In addition to such legal response, NSC has filed (i) a request to submit the Tijuana Claim to arbitration, based on certain provisions of the by-laws of NSC, (ii) an appeal remedy against the preliminary relief, and (iii) a request for the setting of a guarantee to release the preliminary relief granted in favor of EWG. Neither the request for arbitration nor the mentioned appeal have been resolved.

 

On February 26, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge acknowledged the filing of the mentioned legal response, the request to submit to arbitration, and the appeals remedy, granting EWG a period of three business days to, among others, state what it deemed convenient to its interest. However, to date, no resolution on such matters has been issued.

 

Further, on February 26, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge set the requested guarantee, in the form of a security deposit in the amount of 1,000,000 Mexican pesos, to release the preliminary relief sought by EWG. On March 4, 2019, NSC filed before the Tenth Civil Judge evidence of such security deposit, requesting the release of the mentioned preliminary relief. Due to the recent filing of the security deposit, as of the date hereof, the resolution on the release of the preliminary relief is pending.

 

On April 12, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge ruled that the request for arbitration was not applicable under Mexican law.

 

With respect to the previously mentioned appeals remedy against the preliminary relief, the Tenth Civil Judge requested the posting of a guarantee in the amount of 12,000 Mexican pesos to admit such remedy with suspensive effects that is, preventing the Tijuana Claim from moving forward and releasing the ex-parte preliminary relief, until the appeals remedy is resolved by a superior court within the judiciary branch of the government of the State of Baja California, México. NSC posted the requested guarantee.

 

Further, on April 12, 2019, the Tenth Civil Judge granted EWG the opportunity to file a counter guarantee in the amount of 1,500,000 Mexican pesos to maintain the ex-parte preliminary relief granted in its favor. With respect to this matter, the Tenth Civil Judge issued a resolution on April 26, 2019 allowing such counter guarantee to be filed in the form of a security deposit or in any other form allowed by the law.

 

NSC has vigorously opposed the resolution of the Tenth Civil Judge allowing the filing of a counter guarantee through a revocation remedy and an appeals remedy against it. To date, neither of such remedies has been resolved and the Company does not know if EWG has filed the counter guarantee.

 

CW-Cooperatief has not been officially served with the Tijuana Claim, and AdR has not been notified that it has to appear for such trial. In any event, AdR is only named a third party called to trial, and no claims are made by EWG directly to AdR.

 

We cannot presently determine what impact the resolution of the Tijuana Claim may ultimately have on our ability to complete the Project.

  

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Our business faces significant risks. These risks include those disclosed in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 as supplemented by the additional risk factors included below. If any of the events or circumstances described in the referenced risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected and such events or circumstances could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this report. These risks should be read in conjunction with the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report as well as in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 and in our other periodic reports on Form 10-Q and Form 8-K.

 

Our exclusive license to provide water to retail customers in the Cayman Islands has expired and we are presently unable to predict the outcome of our on-going negotiations for a new license.

 

In the Cayman Islands, we provide water to retail customers under a license issued in July 1990 by the Cayman Islands government that grants our subsidiary, Cayman Water, the exclusive right to provide water to retail customers within our licensed service area. Pursuant to the license, we had the exclusive right to produce potable water and distribute it by pipeline to our licensed service area, which consists of two of the three most populated areas of Grand Cayman, the Seven Mile Beach and West Bay areas. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, we generated approximately 39% and 44%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues and 56% and 59%, respectively, of our consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license.

 

The license was originally scheduled to expire in July 2010 but was extended several times by the Cayman Islands government in order to provide the parties with additional time to negotiate the terms of a new license agreement. The most recent extension of the license expired on January 31, 2018. We continue to provide water subsequent to January 31, 2018 on a month-to-month “good faith” basis under the terms of the expired license in order to allow for the continuation of negotiations for a new license without interruption to an essential service.

 

In October 2016, the Government of the Cayman Islands passed legislation which created a new utilities regulation and competition office (“OfReg”). OfReg is an independent and accountable regulatory body with a view of protecting the rights of consumers, encouraging affordable utility services, and promoting competition. OfReg, which began operations in January 2017, has the ability to supervise, monitor and regulate multiple utility undertakings and markets. Supplemental legislation was passed by the Government of the Cayman Islands in April 2017, which transferred responsibility for economic regulation of the water utility sector and the retail license negotiations from the Water Authority-Cayman to OfReg in May 2017. We began license negotiations with OfReg in July 2017 and such negotiations are continuing. We have been informed during our retail license negotiations, both by OfReg and its predecessor in these negotiations, that the Cayman Islands government seeks to restructure the terms of our license in a manner that could significantly reduce the operating income and cash flows we have historically generated from our retail license. We proposed to OfReg to adjust our rates in January 2019 consistent with the terms of the previous license, however OfReg has communicated that they have deferred any such adjustment until further notice.

 

The resolution of these license negotiations could result in a material reduction (or the loss) of the operating income and cash flows we have historically generated from our Cayman Water retail operations and could require us to record impairment losses to reduce the carrying values of our retail segment assets. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We have paid $24.2 million for land, rights of way and equipment and incurred development expenses of approximately $27.9 million to date for a possible project in Mexico. We expect to expend significant additional funds in 2019 to continue to pursue this project. However, we may not be successful in completing this project.

 

We own 99.99% of NSC, a development stage Mexico company formed to pursue a project encompassing the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and an accompanying pipeline to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system (the “Project”). As of March 31, 2019, our consolidated balance sheet includes purchases for the Project of approximately $24.2 million for land, rights of way and equipment. The Project development activities we have conducted, which include conducting an equipment piloting plant and water data collection program at the proposed feed water source, completing various engineering studies and obtaining various governmental permits, have resulted in additional developmental expenses totaling $27.9 million from 2010 through March 31, 2019.

 

In August 2014, the State of Baja California (the “State”) enacted new legislation to regulate Public-Private Association projects which involve the type of long-term contract between a public-sector authority and a private party that NSC is seeking to complete the Project (the “APP Law”). Pursuant to this new legislation, in November 2015 the State officially commenced a tender process for the Project, the scope of which the State defined as a first phase to be operational in 2019 consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and a pipeline that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase to be operational in 2024 consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity. A consortium (the “Consortium”) comprised of NSC, NuWater S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“NuWater”) and Suez Medio Ambiente México, S.A. de C.V., (“Suez MA”), a subsidiary of SUEZ International, S.A.S. submitted its tender for the Project in April 2016 and in June 2016, the State designated the Consortium as the winner of the tender process for the Project.

  

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Due to the amount of capital the Project requires, NSC will ultimately need an equity partner or partners for the Project. Consequently, NSC’s tender to the State for the Project was based upon the following: (i) NSC will sell or otherwise transfer the land and other Project assets to a new company (“Newco”) that would build and own the Project; (ii) NSC’s potential partners would provide the majority of the equity for the Project and thereby would own the majority interest in Newco; (iii) NSC would maintain a minority ownership position in Newco; and (iv) Newco would enter into a long-term management and technical services contract for the Project with an entity partially owned by NSC or another Company subsidiary.

 

In August 2016, NSC and NuWater incorporated Newco under the name Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”), a special purpose company, to complete the Project and executed a shareholders agreement for AdR agreeing among other things that: (i) AdR would purchase the land and other Project assets from NSC on the date that the Project begins commercial operation and (ii) AdR would enter into a Management and Technical Services Agreement with NSC effective on the first day that the Project begins commercial operation. NSC initially owned 99.6% of the equity of AdR. In February 2018, NSC acquired the remaining 0.4% ownership in AdR from NuWater.

 

On August 22, 2016, the Public Private Partnership Agreement for public private partnership number 002/2015, bid number SIDUE-CEA-APP-2015-002 (“APP Contract”), was executed between AdR, the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the Government of Baja California represented by the Secretary of Planning and Finance and the Public Utilities Commission of Tijuana (“CESPT”). The APP Contract requires AdR to design, construct, finance and operate a seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant (and accompanying aqueduct) with a capacity of up to 100 million gallons per day in two phases: the first with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to the Mexican potable water system in Tijuana, Baja California and the second phase with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day. The first phase must be operational within 36 months of commencing construction and the second phase must be operational by July 2024. The APP Contract further requires AdR to operate and maintain the plant and aqueducts for a period of 37 years starting from the commencement of operation of the first phase. At the end of the operating period, the plant and aqueducts will be transferred to CEA.

 

The APP Contract does not become effective until the following remaining open conditions have been met:

 

  · the State has established and registered various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for specific use by the Project;
  · various water purchase and sale agreements between the CEA, the payment trusts and the CESPT have been executed;
  · AdR has obtained all rights of way required for the aqueduct; and
  · all debt financing agreements necessary to provide the funding to AdR for the first phase of the Project have been executed.

 

In December 2016, the Congress of the State of Baja California, Mexico (the “Congress”) passed Decreto #57 which, among other things, ratified and authorized the payment obligations of the corresponding public entities under the APP Contract and authorized the corresponding public entities to obtain a credit facility to guarantee their payment obligations. During 2017, following consultations between representatives of the State of Baja California and the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Government of Mexico, it was determined that certain amendments to Decreto #57 were required to comply with recent changes to the Federal Financial Discipline Law for Federative Entities and Municipalities (the “Financial Discipline Law”). In addition, it was necessary to amend Decreto #57 to authorize the inclusion of revenues from the CESPT in the primary payment trust for the Project. These amendments were included in Decreto #168, which was approved by the Congress in December 2017. The authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract given in Decreto #57, as amended by Decreto #168, expired on December 31, 2018. During the congressional session held at the end of March 2019, the Congress passed Decreto #335, which renewed the authorizations for the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines required to be established for the Project by the State entities. Decreto #335 expires December 31, 2019.

 

Both the exchange rate for the Mexico peso relative to the dollar and general macroeconomic conditions in Mexico have varied since the execution of the APP Contract. These changes have adversely impacted the estimated construction, operating, and financing costs for the Project. The APP Contract and the APP Law allow for the parties to negotiate (but do not guarantee) modifications to the consideration (i.e. water tariff) under the APP Contract in the event of such significant macroeconomic condition changes. In February 2017, AdR submitted proposals to the CEA requesting the definition of a mechanism in the APP Contract to update the consideration under the APP Contract for changes in foreign exchange rates, lending rates and certain laws which have impacted the Project. On June 1, 2018, AdR and the CEA executed an amendment to the APP Contract which, among other things, increases the scope of Phase 1 of the Project by including the aqueduct originally designated for Phase 2, and addresses AdR’s concerns regarding the impact on the Project for changes in the exchange rate for the peso relative to the dollar and changes in interest rates that have occurred subsequent to the submission of the Consortium’s bid for the Project. As a result of this amendment to the APP Contract, the final cost of Phase 1 and the related consideration to be charged by AdR under the APP Contract will be determined based upon the bid submitted by the Consortium, the changes set forth in the amendment to the APP Contract and the economic conditions (e.g. interest rates and currency exchange rates) in effect on the financial closing date for Phase 1.

 

In February 2018, AdR executed a subscription agreement (the “Agreement”) for the equity funding required for the Project. The Agreement calls for NSC to retain a minimum of 25% of the equity in AdR. One or more affiliates of Greenfield SPV VII, S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“Greenfield”), a Mexico company managed by an affiliate of a leading U.S. asset manager, will acquire a minimum of 55% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement also provides Suez MA with the option to purchase 20% of the equity of AdR. If Suez MA does not exercise this option, NSC will retain 35% of the equity of AdR and Greenfield will acquire 65% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement will become effective when the additional conditions related to the Project are met, including but not limited to those conditions discussed previously with respect to this risk factor. The aggregate investment to be made by the equity partners in the Project, in the form of equity and subordinated shareholder loans, is presently estimated at approximately 20% of the total cost of Phase 1 of the Project. This Agreement expires on June 30, 2019, unless otherwise extended by mutual agreement of the parties.

 

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NSC expects to generate a portion of its funding for AdR through the sale to AdR of the land it has purchased for the Project. Under the terms of the Agreement, Suez MA will design and construct the Project, while a joint venture company between NSC and Suez MA will operate the Project.

 

In June 2018, AdR and Suez MA executed a contract whereby Suez MA will serve as the engineering, procurement and construction contractor for the Project with such contract becoming effective on the effective date of the APP Contract.

 

The political environment in Mexico has recently experienced significant changes and the new, federal administration has made economic policy announcements focusing on austerity. While the long-term ramifications of such changes and announcements are unknown, in the short-term they have (i) caused certain rating agencies to lower Mexico’s sovereign credit rating, (ii) resulted in a decrease in the value of the Mexico peso and (iii) created uncertainty with respect to the incoming administration’s position on projects and contracts approved by previous administrations. The federal administration has a strong influence on many of the state and local governments and congresses, raising the possibility that the federal government will influence local politics, which could impact the State’s and the CEA’s ability to meet certain conditions required to make the APP Contract effective.

 

If AdR is ultimately unable to proceed with the Project due to a failure by any of the parties involved to meet the conditions necessary for the APP Contract to become effective, or for any other reason, the land NSC has purchased and the right of way deposits it has made may lose their strategic importance derived from their association with the Project and consequently may decline in value. If AdR does not proceed with the Project, NSC may ultimately be unable to sell this land or recoup its right of way deposits for amounts at least equal to their carrying values as of March 31, 2019 of approximately $21.1 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Any loss on the sale of the land, or impairment losses NSC may be required to record as a result of a decrease in the (i) fair value of the land; or (ii) value of the rights of way arising from the inability to complete the Project could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Periodically, our Bahamas subsidiary experiences substantial delays in the collection of its accounts receivable. As a result, our Bahamas subsidiary could have insufficient liquidity to continue operations, and our consolidated results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable balances due from the Water and Sewerage Corporation of The Bahamas (“WSC”) amounted to $16.9 million as of March 31, 2019 and $17.6 million as of December 31, 2018. Approximately 75% of the March 31, 2019 accounts receivable balance was delinquent as of that date. The delay in collecting these accounts receivable has adversely impacted the liquidity of this subsidiary.

 

Historically, CW-Bahamas has experienced delays in collecting its accounts receivable from the WSC. When these delays occur, we hold discussions and meetings with representatives of the WSC and The Bahamas government, and as a result, payment schedules are developed for WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable. All previous delinquent accounts receivable from the WSC were eventually paid in full. Based upon this payment history, CW-Bahamas has never been required to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts for any of its accounts receivable, despite the periodic accumulation of significant delinquent balances. As of March 31, 2019, we have not provided an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable from the WSC.

 

CW-Bahamas received approximately $7.4 million in payments on its accounts receivable in April 2019 and as of April 30, 2019 its accounts receivable balance from the WSC was approximately $11.6 million.

 

If CW-Bahamas continues to be unable to collect a significant portion of its delinquent accounts receivable, one or more of the following events may occur: (i) CW-Bahamas may not have sufficient liquidity to meet its obligations without new funding from its shareholders; (ii) we may be required to cease the recognition of revenues on CW-Bahamas’ water supply agreements with the WSC; and (iii) we may be required to provide an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable. Any of these events could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

 

We have been required to record impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of the goodwill arising from our acquisition of Aerex in February 2016. If Aerex’s future financial performance falls short of our most recent financial projections for this subsidiary, we may be required to record additional impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of this goodwill.

 

In February 2016, we acquired a 51% ownership interest in Aerex. In connection with this acquisition, we recorded initial goodwill of $8,035,211. Aerex’s actual results of operations in the six months following our acquisition of this company fell significantly short of the projected results that were included in the overall cash flow projections we utilized to determine the purchase price for Aerex and the fair values of its assets and liabilities. Due to this shortfall in Aerex’s results of operations, we updated our projections for Aerex’s future cash flows and tested Aerex’s goodwill for possible impairment as of September 30, 2016 by estimating its fair value using the discounted cash flow method. As a result of this impairment testing, we determined that the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill exceeded its fair value and recorded an impairment loss of $1,750,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2016 to reduce the carrying value of this goodwill to $6,285,211. As part of our annual impairment testing of goodwill performed during the fourth quarter of each year, we updated our projections for Aerex’s future cash flows, determined that the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill exceeded its fair value, and recorded an impairment loss of $1,400,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2017 to further reduce the carrying value of this goodwill to $4,885,211. We may be required to record additional impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill in future periods if we determine it likely that Aerex’s results of operations will fall short of our most recent projections of its future cash flows. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

 

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

There were no unregistered sales of equity securities during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit    
Number   Exhibit Description
     
31.1   Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer
     
31.2   Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer
     
32.1   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer
     
32.2   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Financial Officer
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Schema
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.  
   
By: /s/ Frederick W. McTaggart  
  Frederick W. McTaggart  
  Chief Executive Officer  
  (Principal Executive Officer)  
     
By: /s/ David W. Sasnett  
  David W. Sasnett  
  Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer  
  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)  
     
Date: May 10, 2019  

 

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