Company Quick10K Filing
Data I/O
Price4.00 EPS-0
Shares8 P/E-48
MCap33 P/FCF-46
Net Debt-15 EBIT-1
TEV18 TEV/EBIT-33
TTM 2019-09-30, in MM, except price, ratios
10-Q 2020-06-30 Filed 2020-08-13
10-Q 2020-03-31 Filed 2020-05-13
10-K 2019-12-31 Filed 2020-03-27
10-Q 2019-09-30 Filed 2019-11-13
10-Q 2019-06-30 Filed 2019-08-14
10-Q 2019-03-31 Filed 2019-05-15
10-K 2018-12-31 Filed 2019-03-28
10-Q 2018-10-31 Filed 2018-11-14
10-Q 2018-08-08 Filed 2018-08-13
10-Q 2018-03-31 Filed 2018-05-11
10-K 2017-12-31 Filed 2018-03-28
10-Q 2017-09-30 Filed 2017-11-09
10-Q 2017-06-30 Filed 2017-08-11
10-Q 2017-03-31 Filed 2017-05-12
10-K 2016-12-31 Filed 2017-03-28
10-Q 2016-09-30 Filed 2016-11-14
10-Q 2016-06-30 Filed 2016-08-15
10-Q 2016-03-31 Filed 2016-05-12
10-K 2015-12-31 Filed 2016-03-28
10-Q 2015-09-30 Filed 2015-11-12
10-Q 2015-06-30 Filed 2015-08-14
10-Q 2015-03-30 Filed 2015-05-14
10-K 2014-12-31 Filed 2015-03-27
10-Q 2014-09-30 Filed 2014-11-13
10-Q 2014-06-30 Filed 2014-08-13
10-Q 2014-03-31 Filed 2014-05-15
10-K 2013-12-31 Filed 2014-03-28
10-Q 2013-09-30 Filed 2013-11-08
10-Q 2013-06-30 Filed 2013-08-12
10-Q 2013-03-31 Filed 2013-05-15
10-K 2012-12-31 Filed 2013-03-28
10-Q 2012-09-30 Filed 2012-11-13
10-Q 2012-06-30 Filed 2012-08-10
10-Q 2012-03-31 Filed 2012-05-14
10-K 2011-12-31 Filed 2012-03-28
10-Q 2011-09-30 Filed 2011-11-10
10-Q 2011-06-30 Filed 2011-08-12
10-Q 2011-03-31 Filed 2011-05-13
10-K 2010-12-31 Filed 2011-03-31
10-Q 2010-09-30 Filed 2010-11-15
10-Q 2010-06-30 Filed 2010-08-13
10-Q 2010-03-31 Filed 2010-05-14
10-K 2009-12-31 Filed 2010-03-31
8-K 2020-08-04 Earnings, Exhibits, Exhibits
8-K 2020-05-18
8-K 2020-04-30
8-K 2020-04-07
8-K 2020-03-03
8-K 2019-10-31
8-K 2019-08-01
8-K 2019-05-20
8-K 2019-04-30
8-K 2019-03-31
8-K 2019-02-22
8-K 2019-01-15
8-K 2018-10-17
8-K 2018-09-30
8-K 2018-09-24
8-K 2018-07-26
8-K 2018-05-21
8-K 2018-04-26
8-K 2018-02-22

DAIO 10Q Quarterly Report

Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Financial Statement Preparation
Note 2 - Inventories
Note 3 - Property, Plant and Equipment, Net
Note 4 - Other Accrued Liabilities
Note 5 - Leases
Note 6 - Other Commitments
Note 7 - Contingencies
Note 8 - Earnings per Share
Note 9 - Share - Based Compensation
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
EX-31 exhibit311.htm
EX-31 exhibit312.htm
EX-32 exhibit321.htm
EX-32 exhibit322.htm

Data I/O Earnings 2020-06-30

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow
35282114702012201420172020
Assets, Equity
10.07.34.62.0-0.7-3.42012201420172020
Rev, G Profit, Net Income
4.22.71.2-0.3-1.8-3.32012201420172020
Ops, Inv, Fin

10-Q 1 f10q_063020.htm f10q_063020.htm - Generated by SEC Publisher for SEC Filing  

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C.  20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

(X)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020

Or

 

(  )

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________________ to ________________

 

Commission file number:    0-10394

DATA I/O CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Washington

91-0864123

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

6645 185th Ave NE, Suite 100, Redmond, Washington, 98052

425-881-6444

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class      

Trading Symbol(s)     

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock

DAIO  

NASDAQ

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨                                                                

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, ”accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.                        

     Accelerated filer ¨

Large accelerated filer  ¨                                                                      Smaller reporting company x

Non-accelerated filer    ¨                                                                       Emerging growth company  ¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes ¨  No x

APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PREVIOUS FIVE YEARS:

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12,13or 15(d) of the Security Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.   Yes ¨  No ¨

 

Shares of Common Stock, no par value, outstanding as of July 30, 2020:  8,390,943

1

 


 
 

DATA I/O CORPORATION

 

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2020

 

INDEX

Part I.

 

Financial Information

Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

  3

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

23

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

23

 

 

 

 

Part II

 

Other Information

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

24

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

25

           

 

 

2

 


 
 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.                 Financial Statements

DATA I/O CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

(UNAUDITED)

       
 

June 30,
2020

 

December 31,
2019

     

 

ASSETS

   

 

CURRENT ASSETS:

   

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$13,273

 

$13,936

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for

     

         doubtful accounts of $73 and $80, respectively

2,840

 

4,099

Inventories

4,731

 

5,020

Other current assets

2,000

 

924

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS

22,844

 

23,979

       

Property, plant and equipment – net

1,602

 

1,668

Income tax receivable

-

 

640

Other assets

1,717

 

1,994

TOTAL ASSETS

$26,163

 

$28,281

       

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

CURRENT LIABILITIES:

     

Accounts payable

$908

 

$1,151

Accrued compensation

1,304

 

1,541

Deferred revenue

1,334

 

1,387

Other accrued liabilities

1,259

 

1,372

Income taxes payable

64

 

31

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES

4,869

 

5,482

       

Operating lease liabilities

834

 

1,178

Long-term other payables

150

 

91

       

COMMITMENTS

-

 

-

       

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

Preferred stock -

     

Authorized, 5,000,000 shares, including

     

200,000 shares of Series A Junior Participating

     

Issued and outstanding, none

-

 

-

Common stock, at stated value -

     

Authorized, 30,000,000 shares

     

Issued and outstanding, 8,390,943 shares as of June 30,

     

2020 and 8,212,748 shares as of December 31, 2019

19,319

 

18,748

Accumulated earnings

897

 

2,508

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

94

 

274

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

20,310

 

21,530

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

$26,163

 

$28,281

       

See notes to consolidated financial statements

 

 

 

3

 


 

DATA I/O CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

(UNAUDITED)

                 
   

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

   

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

                 

Net sales

 

$4,655

 

$5,834

 

$9,440

 

$11,892

Cost of goods sold

 

2,216

 

2,250

 

4,217

 

4,623

Gross margin

 

2,439

 

3,584

 

5,223

 

7,269

Operating expenses:

               

Research and development

 

1,614

 

1,680

 

3,196

 

3,361

Selling, general and administrative

 

1,703

 

1,829

 

3,514

 

3,803

Total operating expenses

 

3,317

 

3,509

 

6,710

 

7,164

Operating income (loss)

 

(878)

 

75

 

(1,487)

 

105

Non-operating income (loss):

               

Interest income

 

1

 

10

 

9

 

22

Gain on sale of assets

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

60

Foreign currency transaction gain (loss)

 

(83)

 

69

 

(31)

 

(36)

Total non-operating income (loss)

 

(82)

 

79

 

(22)

 

46

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

(960)

 

154

 

(1,509)

 

151

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

(97)

 

(27)

 

(102)

 

2

Net income (loss)

 

($1,057)

 

$127

 

($1,611)

 

$153

                 
                 

Basic earnings (loss) per share

 

($0.13)

 

$0.02

 

($0.19)

 

$0.02

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

 

($0.13)

 

$0.02

 

($0.19)

 

$0.02

Weighted-average basic shares

 

8,302

 

8,257

 

8,261

 

8,280

Weighted-average diluted shares

 

8,302

 

8,332

 

8,261

 

8,375

                 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 


 

DATA I/O CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in thousands)

(UNAUDITED)

         
   

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

   

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

                 

Net income (loss)

 

($1,057)

 

$127

 

($1,611)

 

$153

Other comprehensive income (loss):

               

Foreign currency translation gain (loss)

 

85

 

(118)

 

(180)

 

10

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

($972)

 

$9

 

($1,791)

 

$163

                 

See notes to consolidated financial statements

           

 

 

 

 

 

5

 


 

 

DATA I/O CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

(in thousands, except share amounts)

(UNAUDITED)

                     
               

Accumulated

   
   

Common Stock

 

Retained

 

and Other

 

Total

           

Earnings

 

Comprehensive

 

Stockholders'

   

Shares

 

Amount

 

(Deficit)

 

Income (Loss)

 

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

8,338,628

 

$19,254

 

$3,695

 

$408

 

$23,357

Repurchased shares

 

(57,612)

 

(312)

         

(312)

Stock awards issued, net of tax withheld

 

4,046

 

(9)

 

-

 

-

 

(9)

Issuance of stock through: ESPP

 

2,763

 

15

 

-

 

-

 

15

Share-based compensation

 

-

 

287

 

-

 

-

 

287

Net income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

26

 

-

 

26

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

128

 

128

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

8,287,825

 

$19,235

 

$3,721

 

$536

 

$23,492

Stock options exercised

 

-

 

-

         

-

Repurchased shares

 

(188,194)

 

(908)

         

(908)

Stock awards issued, net of tax withheld

 

162,071

 

(228)

 

-

 

-

 

(228)

Issuance of stock through:
    Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Share-based compensation

 

-

 

364

 

-

 

-

 

364

Net income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

127

 

-

 

127

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(118)

 

(118)

Balance at June 30, 2019

 

8,261,702

 

$18,463

 

$3,848

 

$418

 

$22,729

                     

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

8,212,748

 

$18,748

 

$2,508

 

$274

 

$21,530

Repurchased shares

 

-

 

-

         

-

Stock awards issued, net of tax withheld

 

5,190

 

(10)

 

-

 

-

 

(10)

Issuance of stock through: ESPP

 

3,509

 

14

 

-

 

-

 

14

Share-based compensation

 

-

 

249

 

-

 

-

 

249

Net income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

(554)

 

-

 

(554)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

(265)

 

(265)

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

8,221,447

 

$19,001

 

$1,954

 

$9

 

$20,964

Repurchased shares

 

-

 

-

         

-

Stock awards issued, net of tax withheld

 

169,496

 

(163)

 

-

 

-

 

(163)

Issuance of stock through: ESPP

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

-

Share-based compensation

 

-

 

481

 

-

 

-

 

481

Net income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

(1,057)

 

-

 

(1,057)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

-

 

-

 

-

 

85

 

85

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

8,390,943

 

$19,319

 

$897

 

$94

 

$20,310

                     

See notes to consolidated financial statements

                   

 

6

 


 
 

 

DATA I/O CORPORATION 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(UNAUDITED)

         
   

For the Six Months Ended
June 30,

   

2020

 

2019

         

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

       

Net income (loss)

 

($1,611)

 

$153

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss)

       

to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

       

Depreciation and amortization

 

446

 

424

Gain on sale of assets

 

-

 

(60)

Equipment transferred to cost of goods sold

 

52

 

(26)

Share-based compensation

 

730

 

651

Net change in:

       

Trade accounts receivable

 

1,262

 

(63)

Inventories

 

273

 

(28)

Other current assets

 

(1,076)

 

3

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

(541)

 

(2,223)

Deferred revenue

 

(77)

 

(62)

Other long-term liabilities

 

(264)

 

(312)

Deposits and other long-term assets

 

912

 

88

     Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

 

106

 

(1,455)

         

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

       

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

(432)

 

(365)

Net proceeds from sale of assets

 

-

 

60

Cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

(432)

 

(305)

         

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

       

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock, less payments

       

     for shares withheld to cover tax

 

(159)

 

(222)

Repurchase of common stock

 

-

 

(1,220)

Cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(159)

 

(1,442)

Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 

(485)

 

(3,202)

         

Effects of exchange rate changes on cash

 

(178)

 

24

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

13,936

 

18,343

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$13,273

 

$15,165

         

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

       

Cash paid during the period for:

 

     

    Income taxes

 

$69

 

$101

See notes to consolidated financial statements

       

7

 


 
 

 

 

DATA I/O CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

NOTE 1 - FINANCIAL STATEMENT PREPARATION

Data I/O Corporation (“Data I/O”, “We”, “Our”, “Us”) prepared the financial statements as of June 30, 2020 and June 30, 2019 according to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").  These statements are unaudited but, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments and accruals) necessary to present fairly the results for the periods presented.  The balance sheet at December 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date.  We have condensed or omitted certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America according to such SEC rules and regulations.  Operating results for the six months ended June 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.  These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual audited financial statements and the accompanying notes included in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Topic 606 provides a single, principles-based five-step model to be applied to all contracts with customers.  It generally provides for the recognition of revenue in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled, net of allowances for estimated returns, discounts or sales incentives, as well as taxes collected from customers when control over the promised goods or services are transferred to the customer.    

 

We have elected the practical expedient to expense contract acquisition costs, primarily sales commissions, for contracts with terms of one year or less and will capitalize and amortize incremental costs with terms that exceed one year.  During 2020 and 2019, the impact of capitalization of incremental costs for obtaining contracts was immaterial.  We have made a sales tax policy election to exclude sales, use, value added, some excise taxes and other similar taxes from the measurement of the transaction price.

 

We recognize revenue upon transfer of control of the promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services.  We have determined that our programming equipment has reached a point of maturity and stability such that product acceptance can be assured by testing at the factory prior to shipment and that the installation meets the criteria to be a separate performance obligation.  These systems are standard products with published product specifications and are configurable with standard options.  The evidence that these systems could be deemed as accepted was based upon having standardized factory production of the units, results from batteries of tests of product performance to our published specifications, quality inspections and installation standardization, as well as past product operation validation with the customer and the history provided by our installed base of products upon which the current versions were based.

 

The revenue related to products requiring installation that is perfunctory is recognized upon transfer of control of the product to customers, which generally is at the time of shipment.  Installation that is considered perfunctory includes any installation that is expected to be performed by other parties, such as distributors, other vendors, or the customers themselves.  This considers the complexity, skill and training needed as well as customer expectations regarding installation.

 

8

 


 
 

We enter into arrangements with multiple performance obligations that arise during the sale of a system that includes an installation component, a service and support component and a software maintenance component.  The transaction price is allocated to the separate performance obligations on relative standalone sales price.  We allocate the transaction price of each element based on relative selling prices.  Relative selling price is based on the selling price of the standalone system.  For the installation and service and support performance obligations, we use the value of the discount given to distributors who perform these components.  For software maintenance performance obligations, we use what we charge for annual software maintenance renewals after the initial year the system is sold.  Revenue is recognized on the system sale based on shipping terms, installation revenue is recognized after the installation is performed, and hardware service and support and software maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the agreement, typically one year.  Deferred revenue includes service, support and maintenance contracts and represents the undelivered performance obligation of agreements that are typically for one year.

 

When we sell software separately, we recognize revenue upon the transfer of control of the software, which is generally upon shipment, provided that only inconsequential performance obligations remain on our part and substantive acceptance conditions, if any, have been met.

 

We recognize revenue when there is an approved contract that both parties are committed to perform, both parties’ rights have been identified, the contract has substance, collection of substantially all the consideration is probable, the transaction price has been determined and allocated over the performance obligations, the performance obligations including substantive acceptance conditions, if any, in the contract have been met, the obligation is not contingent on resale of the product, the buyer’s obligation would not be changed in the event of theft, physical destruction or damage to the product, the buyer acquiring the product for resale has economic substance apart from us and we do not have significant obligations for future performance to directly bring about the resale of the product by the buyer.  We establish a reserve for sales returns based on historical trends in product returns and estimates for new items.  Payment terms are generally 30 days from shipment. 

 

We transfer certain products out of service from their internal use and make them available for sale.  The products transferred are typically our standard products in one of the following areas: service loaners, rental or test units; engineering test units; or sales demonstration equipment.  Once transferred, the equipment is sold by our regular sales channels as used equipment inventory.  These product units often involve refurbishing and an equipment warranty, and are conducted as sales in our normal and ordinary course of business.  The transfer amount is the product unit’s net book value and the sale transaction is accounted for as revenue and cost of goods sold.

 

The following table represents our revenues by major categories:

 

   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

Net sales by type

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

(in thousands)

                       

Equipment Sales

 

$2,476

 

(30.0%)

 

$3,537

 

$5,063

 

(30.1%)

 

$7,247

Adapter Sales

 

1,324

 

(6.8%)

 

1,421

 

2,669

 

(7.4%)

 

2,882

Software and Maintenance Sales

 

855

 

(2.4%)

 

876

 

1,708

 

(3.1%)

 

1,763

Total

 

$4,655

 

(20.2%)

 

$5,834

 

$9,440

 

(20.6%)

 

$11,892

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

All stock-based compensation awards are measured based on estimated fair values on the date of grant and recognized as compensation expense on the straight-line single-option method.  Our share-based compensation is reduced for estimated forfeitures at the time of grant and revised as necessary in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

9

 


 
 

Income Tax

 

Income taxes are computed at current enacted tax rates, less tax credits using the asset and liability method.  Deferred taxes are adjusted both for items that do not have tax consequences and for the cumulative effect of any changes in tax rates from those previously used to determine deferred tax assets or liabilities.  Tax provisions include amounts that are currently payable, changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities that arise because of temporary differences between the timing of when items of income and expense are recognized for financial reporting and income tax purposes, and any changes in the valuation allowance caused by a change in judgment about the realization of the related deferred tax assets.  A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts expected to be realized.  The CARES Act, enacted in Q1 2020, accelerated the AMT credit refund of $640,000 to be a current asset instead of non-current.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

None.

 

NOTE 2 – INVENTORIES

Inventories consisted of the following components:

   

June 30,
2020

 

December 31,
2019

 (in thousands)

       

Raw material

 

$2,122

 

$2,416

Work-in-process

 

1,667

 

1,832

Finished goods

 

942

 

772

Inventories

 

$4,731

 

$5,020

         

 

NOTE 3 – PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET

Property and equipment consisted of the following components:

   

June 30,
2020

 

December 31,
2019

 (in thousands)

       

 Leasehold improvements

 

$390

 

$395

 Equipment

 

5,666

 

5,606

 Sales demonstration equipment

 

905

 

778

   

6,961

 

6,779

 Less accumulated depreciation

 

5,359

 

5,111

 Property and equipment, net

 

$1,602

 

$1,668

         

 

 

10

 


 
 

NOTE 4 – OTHER ACCRUED LIABILITIES

 

Other accrued liabilities consisted of the following components:

 

   

June 30,
2020

 

December 31,
2019

 (in thousands)

     

 

 Lease liability - short term

 

$692

 

$678

 Product warranty

 

341

 

367

 Sales return reserve

 

67

 

77

 Other taxes

 

98

 

126

 Other

 

61

 

124

 Other accrued liabilities

 

$1,259

 

$1,372

       

 

 

The changes in our product warranty liability for the six months ending June 30, 2020 are as follows:

 

   

June 30,
2020

 (in thousands)

   

 Liability, beginning balance

 

$367

 Net expenses

 

341

 Warranty claims

 

(341)

 Accrual revisions

 

(26)

 Liability, ending balance

 

$341

 

NOTE 5 – LEASES

Our leasing arrangements are primarily for facility leases we use to conduct our operations. The following table presents our future lease payments for long-term operating leases as of June 30, 2020:

 

   

Operating
Lease Commitments

 (in thousands)

   

2020 (remaining)

 

$381

2021

 

711

2022

 

317

2023

 

91

2024

 

83

Thereafter

 

141

Total

 

$1,724

   Less Imputed interest

 

(198)

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$1,526

     

11

 


 
 

 

Cash paid for operating lease liabilities for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 was $189,000 and $374,000, respectively.  There was one new or modified leases during the six months ended June 30, 2020 included in the lease liability for approximately $15,000 relating to a new three-year automobile lease.

The following table presents supplemental balance sheet information related to leases as of June 30, 2020:

 

   

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 (in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 Right-of-use assets (Long-term other assets)

 

$1,297

 

$1,574

 Lease liability-short term (Other accrued liabilities)

 

692

 

678

 Lease liability-long term (Long-term other payables)

 

834

 

1,178

 

At June 30, 2020, the weighted average remaining lease term is 3.08 years and the weighted average discount rate used is 5%.

 

The components of our lease expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 include operating lease costs of $164,000 and $326,000, respectively, and short-term lease costs of $8,000 and $16,000, respectively.

 

Our real estate facility leases are described below:

 

During the third quarter of 2017, we amended our lease agreement, extending the lease for the Redmond, Washington headquarters facility through July 31, 2022.  This lease is for approximately 20,460 square feet.

 

We signed a lease agreement effective November 1, 2015 that extends the lease for a facility located in Shanghai, China through October 31, 2021.  This lease is for approximately 19,400 square feet.

 

During the fourth quarter of 2016, we signed a lease agreement for a new facility located near Munich, Germany which was effective March 1, 2017 and extends the lease through February 28, 2022.  This lease is for approximately 4,895 square feet.

 

NOTE 6 – OTHER COMMITMENTS

We have purchase obligations for inventory and production costs as well as other obligations such as capital expenditures, service contracts, marketing, and development agreements.  Arrangements are considered purchase obligations if a contract specifies all significant terms, including fixed or minimum quantities to be purchased, a pricing structure and approximate timing of the transaction.  Most arrangements are cancelable without a significant penalty, and with short notice, typically less than 90 days.  At June 30, 2020, the purchase commitments and other obligations totaled $1.2 million of which all but $228,000 are expected to be paid over the next twelve months.

 

NOTE 7 – CONTINGENCIES

As of June 30, 2020, we were not a party to any legal proceedings or aware of any indemnification agreement claims, the adverse outcome of which in management’s opinion, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial position. 

 

NOTE 8 – EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period.  Diluted earnings per share is calculated based on these same weighted average shares outstanding plus the effect of potential shares issuable upon assumed exercise of stock options based on the treasury stock method. 

12

 


 
 

Potential shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share to the extent their effect would be anti-dilutive.

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share:

   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

   

June 30,
2020

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

June 30,
2019

(in thousands except per share data)

               

Numerator for basic and diluted

               

earnings (loss) per share:

               

       Net income (loss)

 

($1,057)

 

$127

 

($1,611)

 

$153

                 

Denominator for basic

               

earnings (loss) per share:

               

       Weighted-average shares

 

8,302

 

8,257

 

8,261

 

8,280

                 

Employee stock options and awards

 

46

 

75

 

51

 

95

                 

Denominator for diluted

               

earnings (loss) per share:

               

       Adjusted weighted-average shares &

               

       assumed conversions of stock options

 

8,348

 

8,332

 

8,312

 

8,375

                 

Basic and diluted

               

earnings (loss) per share:

               

       Total basic earnings (loss) per share

 

($0.13)

 

$0.02

 

($0.19)

 

$0.02

       Total diluted earnings (loss) per share 

 

($0.13)

 

$0.02

 

($0.19)

 

$0.02

 

Weighted average options to purchase 25,000 shares for both the three and six month periods ending June 30, 2020 and weighted average options to purchase 35,422 and 30,240 shares for the three and six months ending June 30, 2019, respectively, were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share for the periods then ended because the options were anti-dilutive.

 

NOTE 9 – SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

For share-based awards granted, we have recognized compensation expense based on the estimated grant date fair value method.  For these awards we have recognized compensation expense using a straight-line amortization method reduced for estimated forfeitures.  

 

 

13

 


 
 

The impact on our results of operations of recording share-based compensation, net of forfeitures, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, were as follows:

   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

   

June 30,
2020

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

               

Cost of goods sold

 

$15

 

$10

 

$21

 

$16

Research and development

 

132

 

103

 

196

 

166

Selling, general and administrative

 

334

 

251

 

513

 

469

Total share-based compensation

 

$481

 

$364

 

$730

 

$651

                 

 

Equity awards granted during the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:

 

   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

   

June 30,
2020

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

June 30,
2019

                 

Restricted Stock Units

 

376,200

 

276,700

 

376,200

 

276,700

Stock Options

 

-

 

25,000

 

-

 

25,000

 

Non-employee directors Restricted Stock Units (“RSU’s”) vest over one year and options vest over three years and have a six-year exercise period.  Employee RSU’s typically vest over four years and employee Non-Qualified stock options typically vest quarterly over 4 years and have a six-year exercise period.

 

The remaining unamortized expected future equity compensation expense and remaining amortization period associated with unvested option grants, restricted stock awards and restricted stock unit awards at June 30, 2020 are:

 

   

June 30,
2020

     

Unamortized future equity compensation expense (in thousands)

 

$2,731

Remaining weighted average amortization period (in years)

 

2.63

 

 

 

 

14

 


 
 

Item 2.                 Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

General

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  This Act provides a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements to encourage companies to provide prospective information about themselves as long as they identify these statements as forward-looking and provide meaningful cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ from the projected results.  All statements other than statements of historical fact made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking.  In particular, statements herein regarding economic outlook, impact of novel coronavirus or COVID-19; industry prospects and trends; expected business reopening; industry partnerships; future results of operations or financial position; future spending; breakeven revenue point; expected market bottom or growth; market acceptance of our newly introduced or upgraded products or services; the sufficiency of our cash to fund future operations and capital requirements; development, introduction and shipment of new products or services; changing foreign operations; trade issues and tariffs; and any other guidance on future periods are forward-looking statements.  Forward-looking statements reflect management’s current expectations and are inherently uncertain.  Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, achievements, or other future events.  Moreover, neither Data I/O nor anyone else assumes responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of these forward-looking statements.  We are under no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this Quarterly Report.  The Reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.  The discussions above and in the section in Item 1A., Risk Factors “Cautionary Factors That May Affect Future Results” in our Annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, describe some, but not all, of the factors that could cause these differences.

 

OVERVIEW

 

After a weak first quarter of 2020, business continued to be negatively impacted by COVID-19 related country and customer business shutdowns.  In response to suddenly changing business conditions, we had scaled back planned investments and reduced our current spending.  Despite the spending reductions during Q1, we continued to invest with a long-term focus towards expanding our markets and creating unique value for our customers. This is true for both our traditional core business as well as the emerging security deployment business.  During Q2, we continued this course of response and actions.  Our facilities and operations in the different countries adapted to the local conditions and restrictions.   We have adapted to embrace virtual and remote operations for our employees, sales, and service and avoid travel and non-social distanced interactions.

 

Our short-term challenge continues to be operating in a cyclical, COVID-19 impacted, and rapidly evolving industry environment.  We must balance industry changes, industry partnerships, new technologies, business geography shifts, travel and customer restrictions, customer shut downs, exchange rate volatility, trade issues and tariffs, coronavirus impacts, increasing costs and strategic investments in our business with the level of demand and mix of business we expect.  We continue to manage our costs carefully and execute strategies for cash preservation, protecting our employee base and cost reductions. We are classified as an essential business under local standards and as such, are allowed to operate.  Many of our employees worked remotely from home, with the essential production and process workers onsite as part of our essential operations.  We have implemented policies and procedures in our offices and production facilities to keep our essential workers safe, while at the same time protecting our production capacity.  We have and are taking advantage of government programs in various countries to assist during the pandemic, to the extent we are qualified to participate, including foreign work reduction programs, foreign payroll benefit programs, and USA payroll tax deferrals.  While we were approved, we have not, and do not expect, to accept funding from the SBA PPP program in the USA. 

 

15

 


 
 

We are focusing our research and development efforts in our strategic growth markets, namely automotive electronics and IoT new programming technologies, secure supply chain solutions, automated programming systems and their enhancements for the manufacturing environment and software. We are continuing to develop technology to securely provision new categories of semiconductors, including Secure Elements, Authentication Chips, and Secure Microcontrollers. We plan to deliver new programming technology and automated handling systems for managed and secure programming in the manufacturing environment.  We continue to focus on extending the capabilities and support for our product lines and supporting the latest semiconductor devices, including various configurations of NAND Flash, e-MMC, UFS and microcontrollers on our newer products.

 

Our customer focus has been on global and strategic high-volume manufacturers in key market segments like automotive electronics, IoT, industrial controls and consumer electronics, as well as programming centers.

 

Although the long-term prospects for our strategic growth markets should be good, these markets and our business have been, and are likely to continue to be, adversely impacted by the global pandemic of novel coronavirus or COVID-19.

 

As a global company with 92% of our 2019 sales in international markets, we have been and expect to continue to be significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, which started to impact us first in China and has since spread to Asia, USA, Europe and all other markets we serve.  During Q2 we have seen that our China operations have resumed onsite quasi-normal activities. Automotive facilities that had largely shut down began reopening mid to late Q2.  Our European operations are opening up for travel and limited customer site visits. Our Americas operations continue to be relatively restricted as local areas begin opening but international travel is very restricted or generally banned. Although our facilities in Shanghai, Redmond and Germany are currently open and operating in pandemic related restricted ways, we believe that our classification as essential by certain U.S. customer groups has and will continue to keep operations open.  We source other components from China and other countries that are used to manufacture our equipment in China and in our Redmond, Washington facility and these components may not be readily available or subject to unpredictable delays.  Many of our employees and executives are working from home and we are limiting visitors to our facilities as the pandemic continues.  All of our facilities are subject to restrictions and closure by governmental entities. The pandemic has and may continue to impact our revenues, our ability to obtain key components and to manufacture our products, as well as sell, install and support our products around the world. We expect to continue to be impacted and respond to customer site restrictions on sales and service visits, travel restrictions, closed borders, cancelled trade shows and industry gatherings, and modifications in our operations to allow social distancing. These same concerns impact our customers, who also may not be able to maintain their financial stability.  See also the detailed discussion of the impacts of the coronavirus COVID-19 on our business and markets in Item 1A, Risk Factors in our annual report on Form 10-K. The pandemic could have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in it. Annual projections on spending, growth, mix, and profitability have been and are likely to be further revised substantially as new information is obtained.

 

In addition to COVID-19 risks, we are facing increased geopolitical risks with respect to markets and supply chains. As countries increasingly seek to favor local suppliers and place punitive tariffs on selected countries, we may be placed at a disadvantage in selling, tariff policy, and asset management in selected regions where we operate and sell.

 

cRITICAL aCCOUNTING pOLICY jUDGMENTS AND eSTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires that we make estimates and judgments, which affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities.  On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, sales returns, bad debts, inventories, intangible assets, income taxes, warranty obligations, restructuring charges, contingencies such as litigation and contract terms that have multiple elements and other complexities typical in the capital equipment industry.  We base our estimates on historical experience and other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances.  Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. 

 

16

 


 
 

We believe the following critical accounting policies affect the more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements:

 

Revenue Recognition:  Topic 606 provides a single, principles-based five-step model to be applied to all contracts with customers.  It generally provides for the recognition of revenue in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled, net of allowances for estimated returns, discounts or sales incentives, as well as taxes collected from customers when control over the promised goods or services are transferred to the customer.    

 

We have elected the practical expedient to expense contract acquisition costs, primarily sales commissions, for contracts with terms of one year or less and will capitalize and amortize incremental costs with terms that exceed one year.  During 2020 and 2019, the impact of capitalization of incremental costs for obtaining contracts was immaterial.  We have made a sales tax policy election to exclude sales, use, value added, some excise taxes and other similar taxes from the measurement of the transaction price.

 

We recognize revenue upon transfer of control of the promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to receive in exchange for those products or services.  We have determined that our programming equipment has reached a point of maturity and stability such that product acceptance can be assured by testing at the factory prior to shipment and that the installation meets the criteria to be a separate performance obligation.  These systems are standard products with published product specifications and are configurable with standard options.  The evidence that these systems could be deemed as accepted was based upon having standardized factory production of the units, results from batteries of tests of product performance to our published specifications, quality inspections and installation standardization, as well as past product operation validation with the customer and the history provided by our installed base of products upon which the current versions were based.

 

The revenue related to products requiring installation that is perfunctory is recognized upon transfer of control of the product to customers, which generally is at the time of shipment.  Installation that is considered perfunctory includes any installation that is expected to be performed by other parties, such as distributors, other vendors, or the customers themselves.  This considers the complexity, skill and training needed as well as customer expectations regarding installation.

 

We enter into arrangements with multiple performance obligations that arise during the sale of a system that includes an installation component, a service and support component and a software maintenance component.  The transaction price is allocated to the separate performance obligations on relative standalone sales price.  We allocate the transaction price of each element based on relative selling prices.  Relative selling price is based on the selling price of the standalone system.  For the installation and service and support performance obligations, we use the value of the discount given to distributors who perform these components.  For software maintenance performance obligations, we use what we charge for annual software maintenance renewals after the initial year the system is sold.  Revenue is recognized on the system sale based on shipping terms, installation revenue is recognized after the installation is performed, and hardware service and support and software maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the agreement, typically one year.  Deferred revenue includes service, support and maintenance contracts and represents the undelivered performance obligation of agreements that are typically for one year.

 

When we sell software separately, we recognize revenue upon the transfer of control of the software, which is generally upon shipment, provided that only inconsequential performance obligations remain on our part and substantive acceptance conditions, if any, have been met.

 

We recognize revenue when there is an approved contract that both parties are committed to perform, both parties’ rights have been identified, the contract has substance, collection of substantially all the consideration is probable, the transaction price has been determined and allocated over the performance obligations, the performance obligations including substantive acceptance conditions, if any, in the contract have been met, the obligation is not contingent on resale of the product, the buyer’s obligation would not be changed in the event of theft, physical destruction or damage to the product, the buyer acquiring the product for resale has economic substance apart from us and we do not have significant obligations for future performance to directly bring about the resale of the product by the buyer.  We establish a reserve for sales returns based on historical trends in product returns and estimates for new items.  Payment terms are generally 30 days from shipment. 

17

 


 
 

 

We transfer certain products out of service from their internal use and make them available for sale.  The products transferred are typically our standard products in one of the following areas: service loaners, rental or test units; engineering test units; or sales demonstration equipment.  Once transferred, the equipment is sold by our regular sales channels as used equipment inventory.  These product units often involve refurbishing and an equipment warranty, and are conducted as sales in our normal and ordinary course of business.  The transfer amount is the product unit’s net book value and the sale transaction is accounted for as revenue and cost of goods sold.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts:  We base the allowance for doubtful accounts receivable on our assessment of the collectability of specific customer accounts and the aging of accounts receivable.  If there is deterioration of a major customer’s credit worthiness or actual defaults are higher than historical experience, our estimates of the recoverability of amounts due to us could be adversely affected. 

 

Inventory: Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value.  Adjustments are made to standard cost, which approximates actual cost on a first-in, first-out basis.  We estimate reductions to inventory for obsolete, slow-moving, excess and non-salable inventory by reviewing current transactions and forecasted product demand.  We evaluate our inventories on an item by item basis and record inventory adjustments accordingly.  If there is a significant decrease in demand for our products, uncertainty during product line transitions, or a higher risk of inventory obsolescence because of rapidly changing technology and customer requirements, we may be required to increase our inventory adjustments and our gross margin could be adversely affected. 

 

Warranty Accruals:  We accrue for warranty costs based on the expected material and labor costs to fulfill our warranty obligations.  If we experience an increase in warranty claims, which are higher than our historical experience, our gross margin could be adversely affected. 

 

Tax Valuation Allowances:  Given the uncertainty created by our loss history, as well as the current and ongoing cyclical and COVID-19 related uncertain economic outlook for our industry and capital and geographic spending as well as income and current net deferred tax assets by entity and country, we expect to continue to limit the recognition of net deferred tax assets and accounting for uncertain tax positions and maintain the tax valuation allowances.  At the current time, we expect, therefore, that reversals of the tax valuation allowance will take place as we are able to take advantage of the underlying tax loss or other attributes in carry forward or their use by future income or circumstances allow us to realize these attributes.  The transfer pricing and expense or cost sharing arrangements are complex areas where judgments, such as the determination of arms-length arrangements, can be subject to challenges by different tax jurisdictions. 

 

Share-based Compensation:  We account for share-based awards made to our employees and directors, including employee stock option awards and restricted stock unit awards, using the estimated grant date fair value method of accounting.  For options, we estimate the fair value using the Black-Scholes valuation model and an estimated forfeiture rate, which requires the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the option’s expected life and the price volatility of the underlying stock.  The expected stock price volatility assumption was determined using the historical volatility of our common stock.  Changes in the subjective assumptions required in the valuation model may significantly affect the estimated value of the awards, the related stock-based compensation expense and, consequently, our results of operations.  Restricted stock unit awards are valued based on the average of the high and low price on the date of the grant and an estimated forfeiture rate.  For both options and restricted awards, expense is recognized as compensation expense on the straight-line basis.  Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) shares were issued under provisions that do not require us to record any equity compensation expense.  

 

 

18

 


 
 

Results of Operations:

Net Sales

 

   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

Net sales by product line

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                       

Automated programming systems

 

$3,531

 

(24.1%)

 

$4,651

 

$6,949

 

(26.5%)

 

$9,454

Non-automated programming systems

 

1,124

 

(5.0%)

 

1,183

 

2,491

 

2.2%

 

2,438

Total programming systems

 

$4,655

 

(20.2%)

 

$5,834

 

$9,440

 

(20.6%)

 

$11,892

                         
                         
   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

Net sales by location

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                       

United States

 

$290

 

(52.4%)

 

$609

 

$562

 

(41.8%)

 

$966

% of total

 

6.2%

     

10.4%

 

6.0%

     

8.1%

                         

International

 

$4,365

 

(16.5%)

 

$5,225

 

$8,878

 

(18.7%)

 

$10,926

% of total

 

93.8%

     

89.6%

 

94.0%

     

91.9%

                         
                         
   

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

Net sales by type

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                       

Equipment sales

 

$2,476

 

(30.0%)

 

$3,537

 

$5,063

 

(30.1%)

 

$7,247

Adapter sales

 

1,324

 

(6.8%)

 

1,421

 

2,669

 

(7.4%)

 

2,882

Software and maintenance

 

855

 

(2.4%)

 

876

 

1,708

 

(3.1%)

 

1,763

Total programming systems

 

$4,655

 

(20.2%)

 

$5,834

 

$9,440

 

(20.6%)

 

$11,892

 

Net sales in the second quarter of 2020 were $4.7 million, as compared with $5.8 million in the prior year period and $4.8 million in the first quarter of 2020.  Second quarter 2020 booking were $5.0 million, as compared with $5.1 million in the prior year period and $4.3 million in first quarter of 2020.

On a geographic basis, international sales represented approximately 93.8% of total net sales for the second quarter of 2020 compared with 89.6% in the prior year period. Total capital equipment sales were 53% of revenues, adapters were 28% and software and maintenance revenues were 19% of revenues in the second quarter of 2020 compared with 61% and 24% and 15%, respectively, for the second quarter of 2019.

After a strong Q4 2019, business was down in Q1 and Q2 2020, we believe, initially due to seasonality and continued cyclical downturn followed by country and customer business shutdowns related to COVID-19.  We are now seeing business and factories reopening and resuming business in China. Many of our automotive electronics customers in the Americas and Europe shutdown operations in March, and have begun to or are setting expectations for reopening in the third quarter of 2020 with a gradual ramp up over the next few quarters to restore their previous business levels. We expect this will continue to impact our capacity related demand during this time frame.

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Net sales for the first six months of 2020 were $9.4 million, as compared with $11.9 million during the same period in 2019 and declined for the same reasons as in the second quarter of 2020.

Backlog at June 30, 2020 was $2.8 million, as compared with $2.3 million at March 31, 2020 and $2.9 million at December 31, 2019. Data I/O had $1.4 million in deferred revenue at the end of the second quarter of 2020, compared with $1.5 million at both the end of the first quarter of 2020 and the fourth quarter of 2019.

Gross Margin

 

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                     

Gross margin

$2,439

 

(31.9%)

 

$3,584

 

$5,223

 

(28.1%)

 

$7,269

Percentage of net sales

52.4%

     

61.4%

 

55.3%

     

61.1%

 

Gross margin as a percentage of sales in the second quarter of 2020 was 52.4% as compared to 61.4% in the same period last year. For the second quarter of 2020 gross margin was primarily impacted by fixed costs being spread over lower revenues and unfavorable currency and factory variances. We expect the lower sales levels to continue to impact gross margin percentages in the third quarter of 2020 and start to reverse as business levels are restored.

 

Gross margin for the first six months of 2020 declined for the same factors as in the second quarter.

 

Research and Development

 

 

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                     

Research and development

$1,614

 

(3.9%)

 

$1,680

 

$3,196

 

(4.9%)

 

$3,361

Percentage of net sales

34.7%

     

28.8%

 

33.9%

     

28.3%

 

Research and development (“R&D”) expenses were lower in the second quarter and year to date 2020 compared to the same periods in 2019 primarily due to cost control measures implemented.  Due to expense management, planned increases in engineering spending have been deferred to later quarters.

 

 

20

 


 
 

Selling, General and Administrative

 

 

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                     

Selling, general &

                     

administrative

$1,703

 

(6.9%)

 

$1,829

 

$3,514

 

(7.6%)

 

$3,803

Percentage of net sales

36.6%

     

31.4%

 

37.2%

     

32.0%

 

Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) expenses were lower in the second quarter and year to date 2020 compared to the same periods in 2019 primarily due to lower sales commissions on lower sales, and cost control measures implemented, with most expense categories lower than the prior year periods.  We expect this spending trend to continue in the third quarter of 2020 and start to reverse as business levels are restored.

 

Interest

 

 

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                     

Interest income

$1

 

(90.0%)

 

$10

 

$9

 

(59.1%)

 

$22

                           

 

 

Interest income was lower in the second quarter and year to date 2020 compared to the same periods in 2019 primarily due to lower interest rates on lower invested funds.

 

Income Taxes

 

 

 Three Months Ended

 

 Six Months Ended

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

June 30,
2019

 (in thousands)

                     

Income tax benefit (expense)

($97)

 

259.3%

 

($27)

 

($102)

 

*

 

$2

                       

   * not meaningful

                     

 

Income tax for both the second quarter of 2020 and the same period in 2019, primarily relate to foreign and state taxes.  In addition, in the first quarter of 2019, a US domestic benefit was realized from converting remaining sequestered AMT credits, that had a full valuation allowance on such credits, into a receivable of approximately $42,000, resulting from IRS rule changes allowing the release of previously sequestered AMT credits.

 

The effective tax rate differed from the statutory tax rate primarily due to the effect of valuation allowances, as well as foreign taxes.  We have a valuation allowance of $8.1 million as of June 30, 2020.  As of June 30, for both 2020 and 2019, our deferred tax assets and valuation allowance have been reduced by approximately $363,000 and $325,000, respectively, associated with the requirements of accounting for uncertain tax positions.  Given the uncertainty created by our loss history, as well as the volatile and uncertain economic outlook for our industry and capital spending, we have limited the recognition of net deferred tax assets including our net operating losses and credit carryforwards and continue to maintain a valuation allowance for the full amount of the net deferred tax asset balance.  The CARES Act, initiated in Q1 2020, accelerated the AMT credit refund of $640,000 to be a current asset instead of non-current.  Movements of cash that generate local country withholding taxes create a current tax expense that will create additional deferred tax assets that will result in establishing additional tax valuation allowances.

21

 


 

 

Financial Condition

             

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

June 30,
2020

 

Change

 

December 31,
2019

 (in thousands)

         

Working capital

$17,975

 

($522)

 

$18,497

 

At June 30, 2020, our principal sources of liquidity consisted of existing cash and cash equivalents.  Cash decreased $663,000 from December 31, 2019 primarily funding current year net loss and prepaid items, offset, in part, by collections on accounts receivables.

Net working capital at the end of the second quarter was $18.0 million, down slightly from $18.5 million at December 31, 2019.  The CARES Act acceleration of the AMT credit refund to current assets, offset some of the other declines in current assets. The company continues to have no debt.

 

Although we have no significant external capital expenditure plans currently, we expect that we will continue to make and manage carefully capital expenditures to support our business.  We plan to increase our internally developed rental, security provisioning, sales demonstration and test equipment as we develop and release new products. Capital expenditures are currently expected to be funded by existing and internally generated funds.

 

As a result of our cyclical and seasonal industry, significant product development, customer support and selling and marketing efforts, we have required substantial working capital to fund our operations.  We have tried to balance our level of development spending with the goal of profitable operations or managing down business levels related to COVID-19.  We have implemented or have initiatives to implement geographic shifts in our operations, optimize real estate usage, reduce exposure to the impact of currency volatility and tariffs, increase product development differentiation, and reduce costs.

 

We believe that we have sufficient cash or working capital available under our operating plan to fund our operations and capital requirements through at least the next one-year period.  We may require additional cash at the U.S. headquarters, which could cause potential repatriation of cash that is held in our foreign subsidiaries.  We have liquidated our subsidiary in Canada and repatriated its cash.  For any repatriation, there may be tax and other impediments to any repatriation actions.  As many repatriations typically have associated withholding taxes, those taxes withheld will be a current tax without generating a current or deferred tax benefit able to be recognized as they result in establishing additional valuation allowances.  Our working capital may be used to fund possible losses, business growth, project initiatives, share repurchases and business development initiatives including acquisitions, which could reduce our liquidity and result in a requirement for additional cash before that time.  Any substantial inability to achieve our current business plan could have a material adverse impact on our financial position, liquidity, or results of operations and may require us to reduce expenditures and/or seek possible additional financing.

 

OFF-Balance sheet arrangements

 

Except as noted in the accompanying consolidated financial statements in Note 5, “Operating Lease Commitments” and Note 6, “Other Commitments”, we have no off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

 

22

 


 

Non-Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) FINANCIAL MeasureS

 

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (“EBITDA”) was ($712,000) in the second quarter of 2020 compared to $364,000 in the second quarter of 2019.  Adjusted EBITDA, excluding equity compensation (a non-cash item) was ($231,000) in the second quarter of 2020, compared to $728,000 in the second quarter of 2019.

 

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (“EBITDA”) was ($1,071,000) in the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $553,000 in the same period of 2019.  Adjusted EBITDA, excluding equity compensation (a non-cash item) was ($341,000) in the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to $1,204,000 in the same period of 2019.

 

Non-GAAP financial measures, such as EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA, should not be considered a substitute for, or superior to, measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP.  We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding the Company’s results and facilitate the comparison of results. 

 

A reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA follows:

 

Non-Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) FINANCIAL Measure RECONCILIATION

 

   

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

   

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

 (in thousands)

               

Net Income (loss)

 

($1,057)

 

$127

 

($1,611)

 

$153

   Interest (income)

 

(1)

 

(10)

 

(9)

 

(22)

   Taxes

 

97

 

27

 

102

 

(2)

   Depreciation & amortization

 

249

 

220

 

447

 

424

EBITDA earnings (loss)

 

($712)

 

$364

 

($1,071)

 

$553

                 

   Equity compensation

 

481

 

364

 

730

 

651

Adjusted EBITDA earnings (loss),

 

 

 

 

       

   excluding equity compensation

 

($231)

 

$728

 

($341)

 

$1,204

                 

 

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

None.

 

Item 3.                Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4.                 Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures

 

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report (the “Evaluation Date”). Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable level of assurance. Disclosure Controls are controls and procedures designed to reasonably assure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure Controls are also designed to reasonably assure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

23

 


 

 

Changes in internal controls

 

There were no changes made in our internal controls during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting which is still under the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013).

 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.                 Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may be involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business.  As of June 30, 2020, we were not a party to any material pending legal proceedings.

 

Item 1A.               Risk Factors


In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only risks facing our Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.  There are no material changes to the Risk Factors described in our Annual Report.

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

None

 

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not Applicable

Item 5.

Other Information

 

None

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

(a)Exhibits

 

24

 


 
 

 

10

Material Contracts:

 

 

None

 

 

  31

Certification pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002:

 

31.1

Chief Executive Officer Certification

 

31.2

Chief Financial Officer Certification

 

  32

Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002:

 

32.1

Chief Executive Officer Certification

 

32.2

Chief Financial Officer Certification

 

SIGNATURES

 

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

DATED:   August 12, 2020

 

 

DATA I/O CORPORATION

(REGISTRANT)

 

 

By: //S//Anthony Ambrose                                                                                                 

Anthony Ambrose

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer and Duly Authorized Officer)

 

 

By: //S//Joel S. Hatlen

Joel S. Hatlen

Vice President and Chief Operating and Financial Officer

Secretary and Treasurer

(Principal Financial Officer and Duly Authorized Officer

25