Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Donegal Group
10-Q 2019-06-30 Quarter: 2019-06-30
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-07-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-07-18 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-29 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-18 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-18 Enter Agreement, Amend Bylaw, Shareholder Vote, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-08 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-19 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2019-02-08 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-12-20 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-10-18 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-30 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-07-19 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-11 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-06-04 Officers, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-23 Earnings, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-19 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2018-04-03 Exit Costs, Exhibits
8-K 2018-02-23 Earnings, Exhibits
CB Chubb 72,055
MKL Markel 15,734
WRB Berkley W R 13,197
RE Everest RE Group 9,756
RNR Renaissancere Holdings 8,316
THG Hanover Insurance Group 5,332
MCY Mercury General 2,905
JRVR James River Group Holdings 1,465
GLRE Greenlight Capital 339
PIH 1347 Property Insurance Holdings 30
DGICA 2019-06-30
Part I. Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Part II. Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
Item 4. Removed and Reserved.
Item 5. Other Information.
Item 6. Exhibits.
EX-3.1 d718901dex31.htm
EX-10.1 d718901dex101.htm
EX-10.2 d718901dex102.htm
EX-10.3 d718901dex103.htm
EX-31.1 d718901dex311.htm
EX-31.2 d718901dex312.htm
EX-32.1 d718901dex321.htm
EX-32.2 d718901dex322.htm

Donegal Group Earnings 2019-06-30

DGICA 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 d718901d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2019

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     .

Commission file number 0-15341

 

 

Donegal Group Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   23-2424711

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1195 River Road, P.O. Box 302, Marietta, PA 17547

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)

(717) 426-1931

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading
Symbols

 

Name of Each Exchange
on Which Registered

Class A Common Stock, $.01 par value   DGICA   The NASDAQ Global Select Market
Class B Common Stock, $.01 par value   DGICB   The NASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 22,996,271 shares of Class A Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, and 5,576,775 shares of Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding on July 31, 2019.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

DONEGAL GROUP INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q REPORT

 

          Page  

PART I

  

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Financial Statements

     1  

Item 2.

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     21  

Item 3.

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     30  

Item 4.

  

Controls and Procedures

     30  

PART II

  

OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

  

Legal Proceedings

     31  

Item 1A.

  

Risk Factors

     31  

Item 2.

  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     31  

Item 3.

  

Defaults upon Senior Securities

     31  

Item 4.

  

Removed and Reserved

     31  

Item 5.

  

Other Information

     31  

Item 6.

  

Exhibits

     32  

Signatures

     33  


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements.

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

     June 30,
2019
    December 31,
2018
 
     (Unaudited)        

Assets

    

Investments

    

Fixed maturities

    

Held to maturity, at amortized cost

   $ 434,458,088     $ 402,798,518  

Available for sale, at fair value

     569,749,979       526,558,304  

Equity securities, at fair value

     46,767,296       43,667,009  

Investment in affiliate

     —         41,025,975  

Short-term investments, at cost, which approximates fair value

     24,452,789       16,748,760  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investments

     1,075,428,152       1,030,798,566  

Cash

     35,945,567       52,594,461  

Accrued investment income

     7,298,206       6,561,199  

Premiums receivable

     176,257,781       156,702,250  

Reinsurance receivable

     357,629,286       343,369,065  

Deferred policy acquisition costs

     64,274,476       60,615,127  

Deferred tax asset, net

     9,503,034       13,069,755  

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

     143,969,376       135,379,777  

Property and equipment, net

     4,673,096       4,690,704  

Accounts receivable—securities

     170,470       261,829  

Federal income taxes receivable

     16,959,666       19,032,604  

Goodwill

     5,625,354       5,625,354  

Other intangible assets

     958,010       958,010  

Other

     2,590,138       2,419,566  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,901,282,612     $ 1,832,078,267  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

    

Liabilities

    

Unpaid losses and loss expenses

   $ 845,282,435     $ 814,665,224  

Unearned premiums

     535,999,385       506,528,606  

Accrued expenses

     25,180,277       25,442,146  

Reinsurance balances payable

     2,545,976       3,882,193  

Borrowings under lines of credit

     35,000,000       60,000,000  

Cash dividends declared to stockholders

     —         3,948,484  

Subordinated debentures

     5,000,000       5,000,000  

Accounts payable—securities

     5,222,537       1,003,810  

Due to affiliate

     6,010,121       10,874,540  

Other

     3,188,157       1,863,363  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,463,428,888       1,433,208,366  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ Equity

    

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, authorized 2,000,000 shares; none issued

     —         —    

Class A common stock, $.01 par value, authorized 50,000,000 shares, issued 25,969,577 and 25,819,341 shares and outstanding 22,966,989 and 22,816,753 shares

     259,696       258,194  

Class B common stock, $.01 par value, authorized 10,000,000 shares, issued 5,649,240 shares and outstanding 5,576,775 shares

     56,492       56,492  

Additional paid-in capital

     264,320,325       261,258,423  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (1,837,379     (14,228,059

Retained earnings

     216,280,947       192,751,208  

Treasury stock, at cost

     (41,226,357     (41,226,357
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     437,853,724       398,869,901  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,901,282,612     $ 1,832,078,267  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

1


Table of Contents

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  

Revenues:

     

Net premiums earned

   $ 188,763,313      $ 185,714,110  

Investment income, net of investment expenses

     7,289,652        6,342,152  

Net investment gains (includes $13,150 and $12,247 accumulated other comprehensive income reclassifications)

     1,566,157        1,517,310  

Lease income

     112,155        122,403  

Installment payment fees

     1,057,677        1,306,197  

Equity in earnings of Donegal Financial Services Corporation

     —          787,856  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     198,788,954        195,790,028  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expenses:

     

Net losses and loss expenses

     131,507,280        135,753,645  

Amortization of deferred policy acquisition costs

     30,925,000        30,579,000  

Other underwriting expenses

     28,208,336        28,492,434  

Policyholder dividends

     1,969,490        1,213,588  

Interest

     303,423        566,284  

Other expenses, net

     337,894        518,123  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total expenses

     193,251,423        197,123,074  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

     5,537,531        (1,333,046

Income tax expense (benefit) (includes $2,762 and $2,572 income tax expense from reclassification items)

     749,077        (543,191
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 4,788,454      $ (789,855
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share:

     

Class A common stock—basic and diluted

   $ 0.17      $ (0.03
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class B common stock—basic and diluted

   $ 0.15      $ (0.03
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2019     2018  

Net income (loss)

   $ 4,788,454     $ (789,855

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

    

Unrealized gain (loss) on securities:

    

Unrealized holding gain (loss) during the period, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $1,593,511 and ($651,633)

     5,932,595       (2,451,371

Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net income (loss), net of income tax expense of $2,762 and $2,572

     (10,388     (9,675
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     5,922,207       (2,461,046
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 10,710,661     $ (3,250,901
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  

Revenues:

     

Net premiums earned

   $ 376,836,555      $ 367,478,690  

Investment income, net of investment expenses

     14,338,155        12,720,521  

Net investment gains (includes $52,414 and ($32,316) accumulated other comprehensive income reclassifications)

     19,663,270        598,971  

Lease income

     223,254        245,996  

Installment payment fees

     2,146,594        2,654,158  

Equity in earnings of Donegal Financial Services Corporation

     295,000        1,419,970  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

     413,502,828        385,118,306  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expenses:

     

Net losses and loss expenses

     254,617,936        292,336,913  

Amortization of deferred policy acquisition costs

     61,517,000        60,244,000  

Other underwriting expenses

     58,893,219        57,815,072  

Policyholder dividends

     4,319,138        2,515,771  

Interest

     868,715        1,030,432  

Other expenses, net

     904,265        1,044,335  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total expenses

     381,120,273        414,986,523  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

     32,382,555        (29,868,217

Income tax expense (benefit) (includes $11,007 and ($6,786) income tax expense (benefit) from reclassification items)

     4,570,937        (10,900,284
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

   $ 27,811,618      $ (18,967,933
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings (loss) per common share:

     

Class A common stock—basic

   $ 1.00      $ (0.68
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class A common stock—diluted

   $ 0.99      $ (0.68
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Class B common stock—basic and diluted

   $ 0.90      $ (0.63
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019     2018  

Net income (loss)

   $ 27,811,618     $ (18,967,933

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax

    

Unrealized gain (loss) on securities:

    

Unrealized holding gain (loss) during the period, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $3,304,733 and ($2,416,212)

     12,432,087       (9,089,561

Reclassification adjustment for (gains) losses included in net income (loss), net of income tax expense (benefit) of $11,007 and ($6,786)

     (41,407     25,530  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     12,390,680       (9,064,031
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 40,202,298     $ (28,031,964
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30, 2019

 

     Class A
Shares
     Class B
Shares
     Class A
Amount
     Class B
Amount
     Additional
Paid-In Capital
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Retained
Earnings
    Treasury Stock     Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 

Balance, December 31, 2018

     25,819,341        5,649,240      $ 258,194      $ 56,492      $ 261,258,423      $ (14,228,059   $ 192,751,208     $ (41,226,357   $ 398,869,901  

Issuance of common stock (stock compensation plans)

     33,334        —          333        —          403,722        —         —         —         404,055  

Share-based compensation

     —          —          —          —          442,920        —         —         —         442,920  

Net income

     —          —          —          —          —          —         23,023,164       —         23,023,164  

Cash dividends declared

     —          —          —          —          —          —         (4,752     —         (4,752

Grant of stock options

     —          —          —          —          144,226        —         (144,226     —         —    

Other comprehensive income

     —          —          —          —          —          6,468,473       —         —         6,468,473  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2019

     25,852,675        5,649,240        258,527        56,492        262,249,291        (7,759,586     215,625,394       (41,226,357     429,203,761  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock (stock compensation plans)

     55,933        —          560        —          752,354        —         —         —         752,914  

Share-based compensation

     60,969        —          609        —          1,218,195        —         —         —         1,218,804  

Net income

     —          —          —          —          —          —         4,788,454       —         4,788,454  

Cash dividends declared

     —          —          —          —          —          —         (4,032,416     —         (4,032,416

Grant of stock options

     —          —          —          —          100,485        —         (100,485     —         —    

Other comprehensive income

     —          —          —          —          —          5,922,207       —         —         5,922,207  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2019

     25,969,577        5,649,240      $ 259,696      $ 56,492      $ 264,320,325      $ (1,837,379   $ 216,280,947     $ (41,226,357   $ 437,853,724  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

 

     Class A
Shares
     Class B
Shares
     Class A
Amount
     Class B
Amount
     Additional
Paid-In Capital
     Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
    Retained
Earnings
    Treasury Stock     Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 

Balance, December 31, 2017

     25,564,481        5,649,240      $ 255,645      $ 56,492      $ 255,401,558      $ (2,684,275   $ 236,893,041     $ (41,226,357   $ 448,696,104  

Issuance of common stock (stock compensation plans)

     29,162        —          292        —          422,318        —         —         —         422,610  

Share-based compensation

     32,176        —          322        —          1,024,328        —         —         —         1,024,650  

Net loss

     —          —          —          —          —          —         (18,178,078     —         (18,178,078

Cash dividends declared

     —          —          —          —          —          —         (8,587     —         (8,587

Grant of stock options

     —          —          —          —          187,444        —         (187,444     —         —    

Reclassification of equity unrealized gains

     —          —          —          —          —          (4,918,655     4,918,655       —         —    

Other comprehensive loss

     —          —          —          —          —          (6,602,985     —         —         (6,602,985
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, March 31, 2018

     25,625,819        5,649,240        256,259        56,492        257,035,648        (14,205,915     223,437,587       (41,226,357     425,353,714  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock (stock compensation plans)

     63,430        —          634        —          960,139        —         —         —         960,773  

Share-based compensation

     —          —          —          —          536,472        —         —         —         536,472  

Net loss

     —          —          —          —          —          —         (789,855     —         (789,855

Cash dividends declared

     —          —          —          —          —          —         (3,930,019     —         (3,930,019

Grant of stock options

     —          —          —          —          133,656        —         (133,656     —         —    

Other comprehensive loss

     —          —          —          —          —          (2,461,046     —         —         (2,461,046
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2018

     25,689,249        5,649,240      $ 256,893      $ 56,492      $ 258,665,915      $ (16,666,961   $ 218,584,057     $ (41,226,357   $ 419,670,039  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Donegal Group Inc. and Subsidiaries

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019     2018  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

    

Net income (loss)

   $ 27,811,618     $ (18,967,933
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation, amortization and other non-cash items

     3,013,417       3,093,372  

Net investment gains

     (19,663,270     (598,971

Equity in earnings of Donegal Financial Services Corporation

     (295,000     (1,419,970

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Losses and loss expenses

     30,617,211       70,958,418  

Unearned premiums

     29,470,779       32,420,723  

Premiums receivable

     (19,555,531     (8,814,392

Deferred acquisition costs

     (3,659,349     (4,319,511

Deferred income taxes

     272,997       27,263  

Reinsurance receivable

     (14,260,221     (13,302,328

Prepaid reinsurance premiums

     (8,589,599     (8,693,950

Accrued investment income

     (737,007     (232,947

Due to affiliate

     (4,864,419     (3,826,317

Reinsurance balances payable

     (1,336,217     2,273,786  

Current income taxes

     2,072,938       (8,686,822

Accrued expenses

     (261,869     (3,913,386

Other, net

     1,154,221       135,249  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net adjustments

     (6,620,919     55,100,217  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     21,190,699       36,132,284  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

    

Purchases of fixed maturities, held to maturity

     (38,094,242     (26,231,784

Purchases of fixed maturities, available for sale

     (88,098,117     (49,700,116

Purchases of equity securities, available for sale

     (12,356,474     (4,344,974

Maturity of fixed maturities:

    

Held to maturity

     6,656,093       7,143,696  

Available for sale

     41,569,635       56,797,178  

Sales of fixed maturities, available for sale

     20,548,077       208,817  

Sales of equity securities, available for sale

     37,071,301       1,819,212  

Net purchases of property and equipment

     (129,877     (107,440

Sale of investment in Donegal Financial Services Corporation

     19,863,949       —    

Dividends received from Donegal Financial Services Corporation

     14,058,824       —    

Net purchases of short-term investments

     (7,704,029     (736,775
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (6,614,860     (15,152,186
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

    

Cash dividends paid

     (7,985,652     (7,780,426

Issuance of common stock

     1,760,919       1,618,991  

Borrowings under line of credit

     —         1,000,000  

Payments on lines of credit

     (25,000,000     —    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (31,224,733     (5,161,435
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (decrease) increase in cash

     (16,648,894     15,818,663  

Cash at beginning of period

     52,594,461       37,833,435  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at end of period

   $ 35,945,567     $ 53,652,098  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash paid during period—Interest

   $ 321,585     $ 557,521  

Net cash paid during period—Taxes

   $ 2,200,000     $ —    

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

DONEGAL GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

(Unaudited)

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1 - Organization

Donegal Mutual Insurance Company (“Donegal Mutual”) organized us as an insurance holding company on August 26, 1986. Our insurance subsidiaries, Atlantic States Insurance Company (“Atlantic States”), Southern Insurance Company of Virginia (“Southern”), Le Mars Insurance Company (“Le Mars”), the Peninsula Insurance Group (“Peninsula”), which consists of Peninsula Indemnity Company and The Peninsula Insurance Company, Sheboygan Falls Insurance Company (“Sheboygan”) and Michigan Insurance Company (“MICO”), write property and casualty insurance exclusively through independent insurance agents in certain Mid-Atlantic, Midwestern, New England and Southern states. Until March 8, 2019, we also owned 48.2% of the outstanding stock of Donegal Financial Services Corporation (“DFSC”), a grandfathered unitary savings and loan holding company that owned Union Community Bank (“UCB”), a state savings bank. Donegal Mutual owned the remaining 51.8% of the outstanding stock of DFSC.

At June 30, 2019, we had three segments: our investment function, our personal lines of insurance and our commercial lines of insurance. The personal lines products of our insurance subsidiaries consist primarily of homeowners and private passenger automobile policies. The commercial lines products of our insurance subsidiaries consist primarily of commercial automobile, commercial multi-peril and workers’ compensation policies.

At June 30, 2019, Donegal Mutual held approximately 43% of our outstanding Class A common stock and approximately 84% of our outstanding Class B common stock. This ownership provides Donegal Mutual with approximately 72% of the total voting power of our common stock. Our insurance subsidiaries and Donegal Mutual have interrelated operations due to a pooling agreement and other intercompany agreements and transactions. While each company maintains its separate corporate existence, Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries conduct business together as the Donegal Insurance Group. As such, Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries share the same business philosophy, the same management, the same employees and the same facilities and offer the same types of insurance products.

Atlantic States, our largest subsidiary, participates in a pooling agreement with Donegal Mutual. Under the pooling agreement, the two companies pool their insurance business and each company receives an allocated percentage of the pooled business. Atlantic States has an 80% share of the results of the pooled business, and Donegal Mutual has a 20% share of the results of the pooled business.

The same executive management and underwriting personnel administer products, classes of business underwritten, pricing practices and underwriting standards of Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries. In addition, as the Donegal Insurance Group, Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries share a combined business plan to achieve market penetration and underwriting profitability objectives. The products our insurance subsidiaries and Donegal Mutual market are generally complementary, thereby allowing the Donegal Insurance Group to offer a broader range of products to a given market and to expand the Donegal Insurance Group’s ability to service entire personal lines or commercial lines accounts. Distinctions within the products Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries offer relate generally to specific risk profiles targeted within similar classes of business, such as preferred tier products versus standard tier products, but we do not allocate all of the standard risk gradients to any specific company within the Donegal Insurance Group. Therefore, the underwriting profitability of the business the individual companies write directly will vary. However, because the risk characteristics of all business Donegal Mutual and Atlantic States write directly are homogenized within the underwriting pool, Donegal Mutual and Atlantic States share the underwriting results in proportion to their respective participation in the underwriting pool.

In July 2018, we consolidated the branch office operations of Peninsula into our home office operations to achieve economies of scale and enhance service levels for policyholders of Peninsula. We recorded a restructuring charge for employee termination costs associated with the Peninsula consolidation of approximately $1.9 million and paid approximately $1.5 million of these costs in 2018. We paid approximately $130,000 of these costs in the first six months of 2019 and had an accrual of approximately $260,000 remaining at June 30, 2019. We entered into a definitive purchase agreement for the sale of Peninsula’s branch office in 2018. The sale was completed in January 2019, and we received net proceeds of $1.2 million. We recorded an impairment charge of $1.1 million in other expenses in 2018 related to this real estate transaction and included the $1.2 million fair value of the real estate we held for sale in other assets at December 31, 2018.

We and Donegal Mutual sold DFSC to Northwest Bancshares, Inc. (“Northwest”) on March 8, 2019, resulting in proceeds valued at approximately $85.8 million in a combination of cash and Northwest common stock. Immediately prior to the closing of the merger, DFSC paid a dividend of approximately $29.2 million to us and Donegal Mutual. As the owner of 48.2% of DFSC’s common stock, we received a dividend payment from DFSC of approximately $14.1 million and consideration from

 

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Table of Contents

Northwest that included a combination of cash in the amount of $20.5 million and Northwest common stock with a fair value at the closing date of $20.9 million. We recorded a gain of $12.7 million from the sale of DFSC in our results of operations for the first quarter of 2019. We sold the Northwest common stock that we received as part of the consideration during the first quarter of 2019. This transaction represented the culmination of a banking strategy that began with the formation of DFSC in 2000.

On July 18, 2013, our board of directors authorized a share repurchase program pursuant to which we have the authority to purchase up to 500,000 shares of our Class A common stock at prices prevailing from time to time in the open market subject to the provisions of applicable rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and in privately negotiated transactions. We did not purchase any shares of our Class A common stock under this program during the six months ended June 30, 2019 or 2018. We have purchased a total of 57,658 shares of our Class A common stock under this program from its inception through June 30, 2019.

2 - Basis of Presentation

Our financial information for the interim periods included in this Form 10-Q Report is unaudited; however, our financial information we include in this Form 10-Q Report reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments that, in the opinion of our management, are necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for those interim periods. Our results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations we expect for the year ending December 31, 2019.

We recommend you read the interim financial statements we include in this Form 10-Q Report in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes to our financial statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

3 - Earnings Per Share

We have two classes of common stock, which we refer to as our Class A common stock and our Class B common stock. Our certificate of incorporation provides that whenever our board of directors declares a dividend on our Class B common stock, our board of directors shall simultaneously declare a dividend on our Class A common stock that is payable to the holders of our Class A common stock at the same time and as of the same record date at a rate that is at least 10% greater than the rate at which our board of directors declared a dividend on our Class B common stock. Accordingly, we use the two-class method to compute our earnings per common share. The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share separately for each class of common stock based on dividends we have declared and an allocation of our remaining undistributed earnings using a participation percentage that reflects the dividend rights of each class. The table below presents for the periods indicated a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators we used to compute basic and diluted net income per share for our Class A common stock and our Class B common stock:

 

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Table of Contents
     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  
     Class A      Class B      Class A      Class B  
     (in thousands, except per share data)  

Basic earnings (loss) per share:

           

Numerator:

           

Allocation of net income (loss)

   $ 3,941      $ 848      $ (625    $ (165
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

           

Weighted-average shares outstanding

     22,933        5,577        22,686        5,577  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share

   $ 0.17      $ 0.15      $ (0.03    $ (0.03
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per share:

           

Numerator:

           

Allocation of net income (loss)

   $ 3,941      $ 848      $ (625    $ (165
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

           

Number of shares used in basic computation

     22,933        5,577        22,686        5,577  

Weighted-average shares effect of dilutive securities:

           

Director and employee stock options

     200        —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Number of shares used in diluted computation

     23,133        5,577        22,686        5,577  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

   $ 0.17      $ 0.15      $ (0.03    $ (0.03
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  
     Class A      Class B      Class A      Class B  
     (in thousands, except per share data)  

Basic earnings (loss) per share:

           

Numerator:

           

Allocation of net income (loss)

   $ 22,790      $ 5,022      $ (15,476    $ (3,492
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

           

Weighted-average shares outstanding

     22,892        5,577        22,651        5,577  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic earnings (loss) per share

   $ 1.00      $ 0.90      $ (0.68    $ (0.63
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per share:

           

Numerator:

           

Allocation of net income (loss)

   $ 22,790      $ 5,022      $ (15,476    $ (3,492
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

           

Number of shares used in basic computation

     22,892        5,577        22,651        5,577  

Weighted-average shares effect of dilutive securities:

           

Director and employee stock options

     135        —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Number of shares used in diluted computation

     23,027        5,577        22,651        5,577  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

   $ 0.99      $ 0.90      $ (0.68    $ (0.63
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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We did not include outstanding options to purchase 5,531,561 shares and 5,417,725 shares of Class A common stock in our computation of diluted earnings per share for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2019 because the exercise price of the options exceeded the average market price of our Class A common stock during the period.

We did not include any effect of dilutive securities in the computation of diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 because we sustained a net loss for these periods.

4 - Reinsurance

Atlantic States and Donegal Mutual have participated in a pooling agreement since 1986 under which they pool substantially all of their direct premiums written, and Atlantic States and Donegal Mutual then share the underwriting results of the pool in accordance with the terms of the pooling agreement. Atlantic States has an 80% share of the results of the pool, and Donegal Mutual has a 20% share of the results of the pool.

Our insurance subsidiaries and Donegal Mutual implemented a combined third-party reinsurance program effective January 1, 2019. The coverage and parameters of the fully consolidated program are common to all of our insurance subsidiaries and Donegal Mutual. Our insurance subsidiaries use several different reinsurers, all of which have an A.M. Best rating of A- (Excellent) or better or, with respect to foreign reinsurers, have a financial condition that, in the opinion of our management, is equivalent to a company with at least an A- rating from A.M. Best. The following information describes the external reinsurance our insurance subsidiaries have in place for 2019:

 

   

excess of loss reinsurance, under which the losses of Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries are automatically reinsured, through a series of contracts, over a set retention of $1.0 million for property losses and a retention of $2.0 million for casualty losses (including workers’ compensation losses); and

 

   

catastrophe reinsurance, under which Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries recover, through a series of reinsurance agreements, 100% of an accumulation of many losses resulting from a single event, including natural disasters, over a set retention of $10.0 million and after exceeding an annual aggregate deductible of $1.2 million up to aggregate losses of $190.0 million per occurrence.

Our insurance subsidiaries and Donegal Mutual also purchase facultative reinsurance to cover exposures in excess of the covered limits of their third-party reinsurance agreements.

In addition to the pooling agreement and third-party reinsurance, our insurance subsidiaries have a catastrophe reinsurance agreement with Donegal Mutual, under which each of our insurance subsidiaries recovers 100% of an accumulation of multiple losses resulting from a single event, including natural disasters, over a set retention of $2.0 million up to aggregate losses of $8.0 million per occurrence. The agreement also provides additional coverage for an accumulation of losses from a single event including a combination of our insurance subsidiaries over a combined retention of $5.0 million.

5 - Investments

The amortized cost and estimated fair values of our fixed maturities at June 30, 2019 were as follows:

 

     Amortized Cost      Gross Unrealized
Gains
     Gross Unrealized
Losses
     Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Held to Maturity

           

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 87,839      $ 1,725      $ 66      $ 89,498  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     171,174        13,282        15        184,441  

Corporate securities

     139,037        5,513        438        144,112  

Mortgage-backed securities

     36,408        547        39        36,916  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 434,458      $ 21,067      $ 558      $ 454,967  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

10


Table of Contents
     Amortized Cost      Gross Unrealized
Gains
     Gross Unrealized
Losses
     Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Available for Sale

           

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 32,829      $ 85      $ 45      $ 32,869  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     60,059        1,856        8        61,907  

Corporate securities

     150,056        2,998        244        152,810  

Mortgage-backed securities

     321,051        2,338        1,225        322,164  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 563,995      $ 7,277      $ 1,522      $ 569,750  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

At June 30, 2019, our holdings of obligations of states and political subdivisions included general obligation bonds with an aggregate fair value of $162.9 million and an amortized cost of $153.7 million. Our holdings at June 30, 2019 also included special revenue bonds with an aggregate fair value of $83.4 million and an amortized cost of $77.5 million. With respect to both categories of those bonds at June 30, 2019, we held no securities of any issuer that comprised more than 10% of our holdings of either bond category. Education bonds and water and sewer utility bonds represented 46% and 32%, respectively, of our total investments in special revenue bonds based on the carrying values of these investments at June 30, 2019. Many of the issuers of the special revenue bonds we held at June 30, 2019 have the authority to impose ad valorem taxes. In that respect, many of the special revenue bonds we held at June 30, 2019 are similar to general obligation bonds.

The amortized cost and estimated fair values of our fixed maturities at December 31, 2018 were as follows:

 

     Amortized Cost      Gross Unrealized
Gains
     Gross Unrealized
Losses
     Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Held to Maturity

           

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 76,222      $ 175      $ 1,087      $ 75,310  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     159,292        8,237        704        166,825  

Corporate securities

     127,010        396        4,391        123,015  

Mortgage-backed securities

     40,274        64        450        39,888  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 402,798      $ 8,872      $ 6,632      $ 405,038  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Amortized Cost      Gross Unrealized
Gains
     Gross Unrealized
Losses
     Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Available for Sale

           

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 45,188      $ 25      $ 1,003      $ 44,210  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     73,761        1,762        307        75,216  

Corporate securities

     140,689        203        3,059        137,833  

Mortgage-backed securities

     275,475        149        6,325        269,299  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 535,113      $ 2,139      $ 10,694      $ 526,558  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

At December 31, 2018, our holdings of obligations of states and political subdivisions included general obligation bonds with an aggregate fair value of $157.7 million and an amortized cost of $152.2 million. Our holdings also included special revenue bonds with an aggregate fair value of $84.3 million and an amortized cost of $80.9 million. With respect to both categories of bonds, we held no securities of any issuer that comprised more than 10% of that category at December 31, 2018. Education bonds and water and sewer utility bonds represented 49% and 29%, respectively, of our total investments in special revenue bonds based on their carrying values at December 31, 2018. Many of the issuers of the special revenue bonds we held at December 31, 2018 have the authority to impose ad valorem taxes. In that respect, many of the special revenue bonds we held are similar to general obligation bonds.

 

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Table of Contents

We made reclassifications from available for sale to held to maturity of certain fixed maturities at fair value on November 30, 2013. We segregated within accumulated other comprehensive loss the net unrealized losses of $15.1 million arising prior to the November 30, 2013 reclassifications. We are amortizing this balance over the remaining life of the related securities as an adjustment to yield in a manner consistent with the accretion of discount on the same fixed maturities. We recorded amortization of $568,486 and $575,107 in other comprehensive income (loss) during the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, net unrealized losses of $8.1 million and $8.6 million, respectively, remained within accumulated other comprehensive loss.

We show below the amortized cost and estimated fair value of our fixed maturities at June 30, 2019 by contractual maturity. Expected maturities may differ from contractual maturities because issuers of the securities may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

     Amortized Cost      Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Held to maturity

     

Due in one year or less

   $ 23,975      $ 24,103  

Due after one year through five years

     72,869        75,460  

Due after five years through ten years

     166,809        174,481  

Due after ten years

     134,397        144,007  

Mortgage-backed securities

     36,408        36,916  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total held to maturity

   $ 434,458      $ 454,967  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Available for sale

     

Due in one year or less

   $ 30,622      $ 30,840  

Due after one year through five years

     91,216        93,077  

Due after five years through ten years

     106,807        108,931  

Due after ten years

     14,299        14,738  

Mortgage-backed securities

     321,051        322,164  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total available for sale

   $ 563,995      $ 569,750  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The cost and estimated fair values of our equity securities at June 30, 2019 were as follows:

 

     Cost      Gross Gains      Gross Losses      Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Equity securities

   $ 37,483      $ 9,646      $ 362      $ 46,767  

The cost and estimated fair values of our equity securities at December 31, 2018 were as follows:

 

     Cost      Gross Gains      Gross Losses      Estimated Fair
Value
 
     (in thousands)  

Equity securities

   $ 40,943      $ 4,818      $ 2,094      $ 43,667  

 

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Gross investment gains and losses before applicable income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018      2019      2018  
     (in thousands)      (in thousands)  

Gross investment gains:

           

Fixed maturities

   $ 14      $ 12      $ 372      $ 12  

Equity securities

     1,586        2,125        7,572        3,270  

Investment in affiliate

     —          —          12,662        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,600        2,137        20,606        3,282  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Gross investment losses:

           

Fixed maturities

     2        1        320        45  

Equity securities

     32        619        623        2,638  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     34        620        943        2,683  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net investment gains

   $ 1,566      $ 1,517      $ 19,663      $ 599  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We recognized $6.2 million of gains and $39,898 of losses on equity securities we held at June 30, 2019 in net investment gains for the six months ended June 30, 2019. We recognized $2.1 million of gains and $2.6 million of losses on equity securities held at June 30, 2018 in net investment gains for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

We held fixed maturities with unrealized losses representing declines that we considered temporary at June 30, 2019 as follows:

 

     Less Than 12 Months      More Than 12 Months  
     Fair Value      Unrealized Losses      Fair Value      Unrealized Losses  
     (in thousands)  

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ —        $ —        $ 25,618      $ 111  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     3,740        15        4,864        8  

Corporate securities

     6,538        58        40,055        624  

Mortgage-backed securities

     3,693        5        130,148        1,259  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 13,971      $ 78      $ 200,685      $ 2,002  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We held fixed maturities with unrealized losses representing declines that we considered temporary at December 31, 2018 as follows:

 

     Less Than 12 Months      More Than 12 Months  
     Fair Value      Unrealized Losses      Fair Value      Unrealized Losses  
     (in thousands)  

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 26,342      $ 166      $ 54,900      $ 1,924  

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     28,322        477        21,560        534  

Corporate securities

     149,270        4,483        59,397        2,968  

Mortgage-backed securities

     82,594        913        181,379        5,862  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 286,528      $ 6,039      $ 317,236      $ 11,288  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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We make estimates concerning the valuation of our investments and the recognition of other-than-temporary declines in the value of our investments. For equity securities, we measure investments at fair value, and we recognize changes in fair value in our results of operations. With respect to a debt security that is in an unrealized loss position, we first assess if we intend to sell the debt security. If we determine we intend to sell the debt security, we recognize the impairment loss in our results of operations. If we do not intend to sell the debt security, we determine whether it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the debt security prior to recovery. If we determine it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the debt security prior to recovery, we recognize the impairment loss in our results of operations. If we determine it is more likely than not that we will not be required to sell the debt security prior to recovery, we then evaluate whether a credit loss has occurred with respect to that security. We determine whether a credit loss has occurred by comparing the amortized cost of the debt security to the present value of the cash flows we expect to collect. If we expect a cash flow shortfall, we consider that a credit loss has occurred. If we determine that a credit loss has occurred, we consider the impairment to be other than temporary. We then recognize the amount of the impairment loss related to the credit loss in our results of operations, and we recognize the remaining portion of the impairment loss in our other comprehensive income, net of applicable taxes. In addition, we may write down securities in an unrealized loss position based on a number of other factors, including when the fair value of an investment is significantly below its cost, when the financial condition of the issuer of a security has deteriorated, the occurrence of industry, issuer or geographic events that have negatively impacted the value of a security and rating agency downgrades. We held 163 debt securities that were in an unrealized loss position at June 30, 2019. Based upon our analysis of general market conditions and underlying factors impacting these debt securities, we considered these declines in value to be temporary.

We amortize premiums and discounts on debt securities over the life of the security as an adjustment to yield using the effective interest method. We compute realized investment gains and losses using the specific identification method.

We amortize premiums and discounts on mortgage-backed debt securities using anticipated prepayments.

6 - Segment Information

We evaluate the performance of our personal lines and commercial lines segments based upon the underwriting results of our insurance subsidiaries using statutory accounting principles (“SAP”) that various state insurance departments prescribe or permit. Our management uses SAP to measure the performance of our insurance subsidiaries instead of United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). SAP financial measures are considered non-GAAP financial measures under applicable SEC rules because they include or exclude certain items that the most comparable GAAP financial measures do not ordinarily include or exclude.

 

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Financial data by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 is as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  
     (in thousands)  

Revenues:

     

Premiums earned:

     

Commercial lines

   $ 94,788      $ 84,552  

Personal lines

     93,975        101,162  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Premiums earned

     188,763        185,714  

Net investment income

     7,290        6,342  

Investment gains

     1,566        1,517  

Equity in earnings of DFSC

     —          788  

Other

     1,170        1,429  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 198,789      $ 195,790  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit):

     

Underwriting income (loss):

     

Commercial lines

   $ 4,113      $ 150  

Personal lines

     (9,238      (12,881
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

SAP underwriting loss

     (5,125      (12,731

GAAP adjustments

     1,278        2,406  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

GAAP underwriting loss

     (3,847      (10,325

Net investment income

     7,290        6,342  

Investment gains

     1,566        1,517  

Equity in earnings of DFSC

     —          788  

Other

     529        345  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

   $ 5,538      $ (1,333
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  
     (in thousands)  

Revenues:

     

Premiums earned:

     

Commercial lines

   $ 186,269      $ 166,778  

Personal lines

     190,568        200,701  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Premiums earned

     376,837        367,479  

Net investment income

     14,338        12,721  

Investment gains

     19,663        599  

Equity in earnings of DFSC

     295        1,420  

Other

     2,370        2,899  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 413,503      $ 385,118  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit):

     

Underwriting income (loss):

     

Commercial lines

   $ 2,425      $ (20,060

Personal lines

     (6,765      (30,148
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

SAP underwriting loss

     (4,340      (50,208

GAAP adjustments

     1,829        4,775  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

GAAP underwriting loss

     (2,511      (45,433

Net investment income

     14,338        12,721  

Investment gains

     19,663        599  

Equity in earnings of DFSC

     295        1,420  

Other

     598        825  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)

   $ 32,383      $ (29,868
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

7 - Borrowings

Lines of Credit

In March 2019, we terminated our previous credit agreement with Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company (“M&T”) and entered into a new credit agreement with M&T. The new credit agreement relates to a $30.0 million unsecured revolving line of credit. The line of credit expires in July 2020. At June 30, 2019, we had no outstanding borrowings from M&T and had the ability to borrow up to $30.0 million at interest rates equal to M&T’s current prime rate or the then-current LIBOR rate plus 2.25%. We pay a fee of 0.15% per annum on the loan commitment amount regardless of usage. The credit agreement requires our compliance with certain covenants. These covenants include minimum levels of our net worth, leverage ratio, statutory surplus and the A.M. Best ratings of our insurance subsidiaries. In addition, Atlantic States has guaranteed our payment obligations under the new credit agreement. We complied with all requirements of the credit agreement during the six months ended June 30, 2019.

Atlantic States is a member of the FHLB of Pittsburgh. Through its membership, Atlantic States has the ability to issue debt to the FHLB of Pittsburgh in exchange for cash advances. Atlantic States had $35.0 million in outstanding advances at June 30, 2019. The interest rate on the advances was 2.76% at June 30, 2019. The table below presents the amount of FHLB of Pittsburgh stock Atlantic States purchased, collateral pledged and assets related to Atlantic States’ membership in the FHLB of Pittsburgh at June 30, 2019.

 

FHLB of Pittsburgh stock purchased and owned

   $ 1,639,200  

Collateral pledged, at par (carrying value $38,680,757)

     38,891,639  

Borrowing capacity currently available

     2,497,850  

 

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Subordinated Debentures

Donegal Mutual holds a $5.0 million surplus note that MICO issued to increase MICO’s statutory surplus. The surplus note carries an interest rate of 5.00%, and any repayment of principal or payment of interest on the surplus note requires prior approval of the Michigan Department of Insurance and Financial Services.

8 - Share–Based Compensation

We measure all share-based payments to employees, including grants of stock options, and use a fair-value-based method for the recording of related compensation expense in our results of operations. In determining the expense we record for stock options granted to directors and employees of our subsidiaries and affiliates, we estimate the fair value of each option award on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The significant assumptions we utilize in applying the Black-Scholes option pricing model are the risk-free interest rate, the expected term, the dividend yield and the expected volatility.

We charged compensation expense related to our stock compensation plans against income before income taxes of $423,623 and $521,689 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, with a corresponding income tax benefit of $88,961 and $109,555, respectively. We charged compensation expense related to our stock compensation plans against income before income taxes of $866,276 and $1.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, with a corresponding income tax benefit of $181,918 and $218,897, respectively. At June 30, 2019, we had $1.5 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested share-based compensation granted under our stock compensation plans that we expect to recognize over a weighted average period of approximately 1.7 years.

We received cash from option exercises under all stock compensation plans during the three months ended June 30, 2019 of $795,182. We realized actual tax benefits for the tax deductions related to those option exercises of $15,962. We did not receive any cash from option exercises under all stock compensation plans during the three months ended June 30, 2018. We received cash from option exercises under all stock compensation plans during the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018 of $795,182 and $478,650, respectively. We realized actual tax benefits for the tax deductions related to those option exercises of $15,962 and $18,803 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

9 - Fair Value Measurements

We account for financial assets using a framework that establishes a hierarchy that ranks the quality and reliability of the inputs, or assumptions, we use in the determination of fair value, and we classify financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value in one of the following three categories:

Level 1 – quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;

Level 2 – directly or indirectly observable inputs other than Level 1 quoted prices; and

Level 3 – unobservable inputs not corroborated by market data.

For investments that have quoted market prices in active markets, we use the quoted market price as fair value and include these investments in Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy. We classify publicly-traded equity securities as Level 1. When quoted market prices in active markets are not available, we base fair values on quoted market prices of comparable instruments or price estimates we obtain from independent pricing services and include these investments in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. We classify our fixed maturity investments as Level 2. Our fixed maturity investments consist of U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies, obligations of states and political subdivisions, corporate securities and mortgage-backed securities.

We present our investments in available-for-sale fixed maturity and equity securities at estimated fair value. The estimated fair value of a security may differ from the amount that could be realized if we sold the security in a forced transaction. In addition, the valuation of fixed maturity investments is more subjective when markets are less liquid, increasing the potential that the estimated fair value does not reflect the price at which an actual transaction would occur. We utilize nationally recognized independent pricing services to estimate fair values or obtain market quotations for substantially all of our fixed maturity and equity investments. These pricing services utilize market quotations for fixed maturity and equity securities that have quoted prices in active markets. For fixed maturity securities that generally do not trade on a daily basis, the pricing services prepare estimates of fair value measurements based predominantly on observable market inputs. The pricing services do not use broker quotes in determining the fair values of our investments. Our investment personnel review the estimates of fair value the pricing services provide to verify that the estimates we obtain from the pricing services are representative of fair values based upon our investment personnel’s general knowledge of the market, their research findings related to unusual

 

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fluctuations in value and their comparison of such values to execution prices for similar securities. Our investment personnel regularly monitor the market, current trading ranges for similar securities and the pricing of specific investments. Our investment personnel review all pricing estimates that we receive from the pricing services against their expectations with respect to pricing based on fair market curves, security ratings, interest rates, security types and recent trading activity. Our investment personnel periodically review documentation with respect to the pricing services’ pricing methodology that they obtain to determine if the primary pricing sources, market inputs and pricing frequency for various security types are reasonable. At June 30, 2019, we received two estimates per security from the pricing services, and we priced substantially all of our Level 1 and Level 2 investments using those prices. In our review of the estimates the pricing services provided at June 30, 2019, we did not identify any material discrepancies, and we did not make any adjustments to the estimates the pricing services provided.

We present our cash and short-term investments at estimated fair value. We classify these items as Level 1.

The carrying values we report in our balance sheet for premium receivables and reinsurance receivables and payables for premiums and paid losses and loss expenses approximate their fair values. The carrying amounts we report in our balance sheets for our subordinated debentures and borrowings under lines of credit approximate their fair values. We classify these items as Level 3.

We evaluate our assets and liabilities to determine the appropriate level at which to classify them for each reporting period.

The following table presents our fair value measurements for our investments in available-for-sale fixed maturity and equity securities at June 30, 2019:

 

     Fair Value Measurements Using  
     Fair Value      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 
     (in thousands)  

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 32,869      $ —        $ 32,869      $ —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     61,907        —          61,907        —    

Corporate securities

     152,810        —          152,810        —    

Mortgage-backed securities

     322,164        —          322,164        —    

Equity securities

     46,767        44,414        2,353        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investments in the fair value hierarchy

   $ 616,517      $ 44,414      $ 572,103      $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents our fair value measurements for our investments in available-for-sale fixed maturity and equity securities at December 31, 2018:

 

     Fair Value Measurements Using  
     Fair Value      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (Level 3)
 
     (in thousands)  

U.S. Treasury securities and obligations of U.S. government corporations and agencies

   $ 44,210      $ —        $ 44,210      $ —    

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     75,216        —          75,216        —    

Corporate securities

     137,833        —          137,833        —    

Mortgage-backed securities

     269,299        —          269,299        —    

Equity securities

     30,675        28,351        2,324        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total investments in the fair value hierarchy

     557,233        28,351        528,882        —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investment measured at net asset value

     12,992        —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals

   $ 570,225      $ 28,351      $ 528,882      $ —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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10 - Income Taxes

At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, we had no material unrecognized tax benefits or accrued interest and penalties. Tax years 2015 through 2018 remained open for examination at June 30, 2019. We provide a valuation allowance when we believe it is more likely than not that we will not realize some portion of our tax assets. We established a valuation allowance of $264,467 related to a portion of the net operating loss carryforward of Le Mars at January 1, 2004 and a valuation allowance of $8.1 million for our net state operating loss carryforward. We have determined that we are not required to establish a valuation allowance for our other deferred tax assets of $25.5 million and $32.4 million at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, because it is more likely than not that we will realize these deferred tax assets through reversals of existing temporary differences, future taxable income and the implementation of tax planning strategies.

Our deferred tax assets include a net operating loss carryforward of $1.2 million related to Le Mars, which will begin to expire in 2020 if not previously utilized. This carryforward is subject to an annual limitation of approximately $376,000.

11 - Liability for Losses and Loss Expenses

The establishment of an appropriate liability for losses and loss expenses is an inherently uncertain process, and we can provide no assurance that our insurance subsidiaries’ ultimate liability for losses and loss expenses will not exceed their loss and loss expense reserves and have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Furthermore, we cannot predict the timing, frequency and extent of adjustments to our insurance subsidiaries’ estimated future liabilities, because the historical conditions and events that serve as a basis for our insurance subsidiaries’ estimates of ultimate claim costs may change. As is the case for substantially all property and casualty insurance companies, our insurance subsidiaries have found it necessary in the past to increase their estimated future liabilities for losses and loss expenses in certain periods, and, in other periods, their estimated future liabilities for losses and loss expenses have exceeded their actual liabilities for losses and loss expenses. Changes in our insurance subsidiaries’ estimate of their liability for losses and loss expenses generally reflect actual payments and their evaluation of information received subsequent to the prior reporting period.

We summarize activity in our insurance subsidiaries’ liability for losses and loss expenses as follows:

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018  
     (in thousands)  

Balance at January 1

   $ 814,665      $ 676,672  

Less reinsurance recoverable

     (339,267      (293,271
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net balance at January 1

     475,398        383,401  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Incurred related to:

     

Current year

     261,517        266,093  

Prior years

     (6,899      26,244  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total incurred

     254,618        292,337  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Paid related to:

     

Current year

     118,045        127,392  

Prior years

     120,605        108,521  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total paid

     238,650        235,913  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net balance at end of period

     491,366        439,825  

Plus reinsurance recoverable

     353,916        307,805  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at end of period

   $ 845,282      $ 747,630  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Our insurance subsidiaries recognized a (decrease) increase in their liability for losses and loss expenses of prior years of ($6.9 million) and $26.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Our insurance subsidiaries made no significant changes in their reserving philosophy or claims management personnel, and they have made no significant offsetting changes in estimates that increased or decreased their loss and loss expense reserves in those years. The 2019 development represented 1.5% of the December 31, 2018 net carried reserves and resulted primarily from lower-than-expected

 

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severity in the workers’ compensation line of business. The majority of the 2019 development related to decreases in the liability for losses and loss expenses of prior years for Michigan. During the first quarter of 2018, our insurance subsidiaries received new information on previously-reported commercial automobile and personal automobile claims that led our insurance subsidiaries to conclude that their prior actuarial assumptions did not fully anticipate recent changes in severity and reporting trends. Our insurance subsidiaries have encountered increasing difficulties in projecting the ultimate severity of automobile losses over recent accident years, which our insurance subsidiaries attribute to worsening litigation trends and an increased delay in the reporting to our insurance subsidiaries of information with respect to the severity of claims. As a result, our insurance subsidiaries’ actuaries increased their projections of the ultimate cost of our insurance subsidiaries’ prior-year personal automobile and commercial automobile losses, and our insurance subsidiaries added $7.4 million to their reserves for personal automobile and $18.8 million to their reserves for commercial automobile for accident years prior to 2018. The 2018 development represented 6.8% of the December 31, 2017 net carried reserves and resulted primarily from higher-than-expected severity in the personal automobile and commercial automobile lines of business, offset by lower-than-expected severity in the workers’ compensation line of business, in accident years prior to 2018. The majority of the 2018 development related to increases in the liability for losses and loss expenses of prior years for Atlantic States, Southern and Peninsula.

Short-duration contracts are contracts for which our insurance subsidiaries receive premiums that they recognize as revenue over the period of the contract in proportion to the amount of insurance protection our insurance subsidiaries provide. Our insurance subsidiaries consider the policies they issue to be short-duration contracts. We consider the material lines of business of our insurance subsidiaries to be personal automobile, homeowners, commercial automobile, commercial multi-peril and workers’ compensation.

Our insurance subsidiaries determine incurred but not reported (“IBNR”) reserves by subtracting the cumulative loss and loss expense amounts our insurance subsidiaries have paid and the case reserves our insurance subsidiaries have established at the balance sheet date from their actuaries’ estimate of the ultimate cost of losses and loss expenses. Accordingly, the IBNR reserves of our insurance subsidiaries include their actuaries’ projections of the cost of unreported claims as well as their actuaries’ projected development of case reserves on known claims and reopened claims. Our insurance subsidiaries’ methodology for estimating IBNR reserves has been in place for many years, and their actuaries made no significant changes to that methodology during the six months ended June 30, 2019.

The actuaries for our insurance subsidiaries generally prepare an initial estimate for ultimate losses and loss expenses for the current accident year by multiplying earned premium by an expected loss ratio for each line of business our insurance subsidiaries write. Expected loss ratios represent the actuaries’ expectation of losses at the time our insurance subsidiaries price and write their policies and before the emergence of any actual claims experience. The actuaries determine an expected loss ratio by analyzing historical experience and adjusting for loss cost trends, loss frequency and severity trends, premium rate level changes, reported and paid loss emergence patterns and other known or observed factors.

The actuaries use a variety of actuarial methods to estimate the ultimate cost of losses and loss expenses. These methods include paid loss development, incurred loss development and the Bornhuetter-Ferguson method. The actuaries base their selection of a point estimate on a judgmental weighting of the estimates each of these methods produce.

The actuaries consider loss frequency and severity trends when they develop expected loss ratios and point estimates. Loss frequency is a measure of the number of claims per unit of insured exposure, and loss severity is a measure of the average size of claims. Factors that affect loss frequency include changes in weather patterns and economic activity. Factors that affect loss severity include changes in policy limits, reinsurance retentions, inflation rates and judicial interpretations.

Our insurance subsidiaries create a claim file when they receive notice of an actual demand for payment, an event that may lead to a demand for payment or when they otherwise determine that a demand for payment could potentially lead to a future demand for payment on another coverage under the same policy or another policy they have issued. In recent years, our insurance subsidiaries have noted an increase in the period of time between the occurrence of a casualty loss event and the date at which they receive notice of a liability claim. Changes in the length of time between the loss occurrence date and the claim reporting date affect the actuaries’ ability to predict loss frequency accurately and the amount of IBNR reserves our insurance subsidiaries require.

Our insurance subsidiaries generally create a claim file for a policy at the claimant level by type of coverage and generally recognize one count for each claim event. In certain lines of business where it is common for multiple parties to claim damages arising from a single claim event, our insurance subsidiaries recognize one count for each claimant involved in the event. Atlantic States recognizes one count for each claim event, or claimant involved in a multiple-party claim event, related to losses Atlantic States assumes through its participation in its pooling agreement with Donegal Mutual. Our insurance subsidiaries accumulate the claim counts and report them by line of business.

 

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Table of Contents

12 - Impact of New Accounting Standards

In February 2016, the FASB issued guidance that requires lessees to recognize leases, including operating leases, on the lessee’s balance sheet, unless a lease is considered a short-term lease. This guidance also requires entities to make new judgments to identify leases. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and permits early adoption. Our adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2019 did not have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In June 2016, the FASB issued guidance that amends previous guidance on the impairment of financial instruments by adding an impairment model that requires an entity to recognize expected credit losses as an allowance rather than impairments as credit losses are incurred. The intent of this guidance is to reduce complexity and result in a more timely recognition of expected credit losses. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance on our financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

In January 2017, the FASB issued guidance that simplifies the measurement of goodwill by modifying the goodwill impairment test previous guidance required. The guidance requires an entity to perform its annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount and recognize impairment for the amount by which the reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and permits early adoption. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that modifies disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements. The guidance removes the requirements to disclose the amounts of, and reasons for, transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. The guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and permits early adoption. The adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2019 did not have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

We recommend that you read the following information in conjunction with the historical financial information and the footnotes to that financial information we include in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We also recommend you read Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We combine our financial statements with those of our insurance subsidiaries and present our financial statements on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP.

Our insurance subsidiaries make estimates and assumptions that can have a significant effect on amounts and disclosures we report in our financial statements. The most significant estimates relate to the reserves of our insurance subsidiaries for property and casualty insurance unpaid losses and loss expenses. While we believe our estimates and the estimates of our insurance subsidiaries are appropriate, the ultimate amounts of these liabilities may differ from the estimates we provided. We regularly review our methods for making these estimates and we reflect any adjustment we consider necessary in our current consolidated results of operations.

Liability for Unpaid Losses and Loss Expenses

Liabilities for losses and loss expenses are estimates at a given point in time of the amounts an insurer expects to pay

with respect to incurred policyholder claims based on facts and circumstances the insurer knows at that point in time. At the time of establishing its estimates, an insurer recognizes that its ultimate liability for losses and loss expenses will exceed or be less than such estimates. Our insurance subsidiaries base their estimates of liabilities for losses and loss expenses on assumptions as to future loss trends, expected claims severity, judicial theories of liability and other factors. However, during the loss adjustment period, our insurance subsidiaries may learn additional facts regarding individual claims, and, consequently, it often becomes necessary for our insurance subsidiaries to refine and adjust their estimates for these liabilities. We reflect any adjustments to the liabilities for losses and loss expenses of our insurance subsidiaries in our consolidated results of operations in the period in which our insurance subsidiaries make adjustments to their estimates.

 

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Our insurance subsidiaries maintain liabilities for the payment of losses and loss expenses with respect to both reported and unreported claims. Our insurance subsidiaries establish these liabilities for the purpose of covering the ultimate costs of settling all losses, including investigation and litigation costs. Our insurance subsidiaries base the amount of their liability for reported losses primarily upon a case-by-case evaluation of the type of risk involved, knowledge of the circumstances surrounding each claim and the insurance policy provisions relating to the type of loss the policyholder incurred. Our insurance subsidiaries determine the amount of their liability for unreported claims and loss expenses on the basis of historical information by line of insurance. Our insurance subsidiaries account for inflation in the reserving function through analysis of costs and trends and reviews of historical reserving results. Our insurance subsidiaries monitor their liabilities closely and recompute them periodically using new information on reported claims and a variety of statistical techniques. Our insurance subsidiaries do not discount their liabilities for losses and loss expenses.

Reserve estimates can change over time because of unexpected changes in assumptions related to our insurance subsidiaries’ external environment and, to a lesser extent, assumptions related to our insurance subsidiaries’ internal operations. For example, our insurance subsidiaries have experienced an increase in claims severity and a lengthening of the claim settlement periods on bodily injury claims during the past several years. These trend changes give rise to greater uncertainty as to the pattern of future loss settlements on bodily injury claims. Related uncertainties regarding future trends include the cost of medical technologies and procedures and changes in the utilization of medical procedures. Assumptions related to our insurance subsidiaries’ external environment include the absence of significant changes in tort law and the legal environment that increase liability exposure, consistency in judicial interpretations of insurance coverage and policy provisions and the rate of loss cost inflation. Internal assumptions include consistency in the recording of premium and loss statistics, consistency in the recording of claims, payment and case reserving methodology, accurate measurement of the impact of rate changes and changes in policy provisions, consistency in the quality and characteristics of business written within a given line of business and consistency in reinsurance coverage and collectability of reinsured losses, among other items. To the extent our insurance subsidiaries determine that underlying factors impacting their assumptions have changed, our insurance subsidiaries make adjustments in their reserves that they consider appropriate for such changes. Accordingly, our insurance subsidiaries’ ultimate liability for unpaid losses and loss expenses will likely differ from the amount recorded at June 30, 2019. For every 1% change in our insurance subsidiaries’ loss and loss expense reserves, net of reinsurance recoverable, the effect on our pre-tax results of operations would be approximately $4.9 million.

The establishment of appropriate liabilities is an inherently uncertain process and we can provide no assurance that our insurance subsidiaries’ ultimate liability will not exceed our insurance subsidiaries’ loss and loss expense reserves and have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. Furthermore, we cannot predict the timing, frequency and extent of adjustments to our insurance subsidiaries’ estimated future liabilities, because the historical conditions and events that serve as a basis for our insurance subsidiaries’ estimates of ultimate claim costs may change. As is the case for substantially all property and casualty insurance companies, our insurance subsidiaries have found it necessary in the past to increase their estimated future liabilities for losses and loss expenses in certain periods and, in other periods, their estimated future liabilities for losses and loss expenses have exceeded their actual liabilities for losses and loss expenses. Changes in our insurance subsidiaries’ estimates of their liability for losses and loss expenses generally reflect actual payments and their evaluation of information received subsequent to the prior reporting period.

Excluding the impact of severe weather events, our insurance subsidiaries have noted stable amounts in the number of claims incurred and the number of claims outstanding at period ends relative to their premium base in recent years across most of their lines of business. However, the amount of the average claim outstanding has increased gradually over the past several years due to various factors such as rising medical loss costs and increased litigation trends. We have also experienced a general slowing of settlement rates in litigated claims. Our insurance subsidiaries could have to make further adjustments to their estimates in the future. However, on the basis of our insurance subsidiaries’ internal procedures, which analyze, among other things, their prior assumptions, their experience with similar cases and historical trends such as reserving patterns, loss payments, pending levels of unpaid claims and product mix, as well as court decisions, economic conditions and public attitudes, we believe that our insurance subsidiaries have made adequate provision for their liability for losses and loss expenses.

Atlantic States’ participation in the pool with Donegal Mutual exposes Atlantic States to adverse loss development on the business of Donegal Mutual that the pool includes. However, pooled business represents the predominant percentage of the net underwriting activity of both companies, and Donegal Mutual and Atlantic States share proportionately any adverse risk development relating to the pooled business. The business in the pool is homogeneous and each company has a pro-rata share of the entire pool. Since the predominant percentage of the business of Atlantic States and Donegal Mutual is pooled and the results shared by each company according to its participation level under the terms of the pooling agreement, the intent of the underwriting pool is to produce a more uniform and stable underwriting result from year to year for each company than either would experience individually and to spread the risk of loss between the companies.

 

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Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries operate together as the Donegal Insurance Group and share a combined business plan designed to achieve market penetration and underwriting profitability objectives. The products our insurance subsidiaries and Donegal Mutual offer are generally complementary, thereby allowing Donegal Insurance Group to offer a broader range of products to a given market and to expand Donegal Insurance Group’s ability to service an entire personal lines or commercial lines account. Distinctions within the products of Donegal Mutual and our insurance subsidiaries generally relate to specific risk profiles targeted within similar classes of business, such as preferred tier products compared to standard tier products, but we do not allocate all of the standard risk gradients to one company. Therefore, the underwriting profitability of the business the individual companies write directly will vary. However, because the pool homogenizes the risk characteristics of the predominant percentage of the business Donegal Mutual and Atlantic States write directly and each company shares the underwriting results according to each company’s participation percentage, each company realizes its percentage share of the underwriting results of the pool.

Our insurance subsidiaries’ unpaid liability for losses and loss expenses by major line of business at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 consisted of the following:

 

     June 30,
2019
     December 31,
2018
 
     (in thousands)  

Commercial lines:

     

Automobile

   $ 115,633      $ 106,734  

Workers’ compensation

     111,043        109,512  

Commercial multi-peril

     91,968        85,937  

Other

     8,579        5,207  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total commercial lines

     327,223        307,390  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Personal lines:

     

Automobile

     139,584        144,788  

Homeowners

     19,951        18,374  

Other

     4,608        4,846  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total personal lines

     164,143        168,008  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total commercial and personal lines

     491,366        475,398  

Plus reinsurance recoverable

     353,916        339,267  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liability for unpaid losses and loss expenses

   $ 845,282      $ 814,665  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We have evaluated the effect on our insurance subsidiaries’ unpaid loss and loss expense reserves and our stockholders’ equity in the event of reasonably likely changes in the variables we consider in establishing the loss and loss expense reserves of our insurance subsidiaries. We established the range of reasonably likely changes based on a review of changes in accident-year development by line of business and applied those changes to our insurance subsidiaries’ loss reserves as a whole. The range we selected does not necessarily indicate what could be the potential best or worst case or the most likely scenario. The following table sets forth the estimated effect on our insurance subsidiaries’ unpaid loss and loss expense reserves and our stockholders’ equity in the event of reasonably likely changes in the variables we considered in establishing the loss and loss expense reserves of our insurance subsidiaries:

 

Percentage Change in Loss
and Loss Expense
Reserves Net of
Reinsurance
    Adjusted Loss and Loss
Expense Reserves Net of
Reinsurance at

June 30, 2019
     Percentage Change
in Stockholders’ Equity at
June 30, 2019(1)
    Adjusted Loss and Loss
Expense Reserves Net of
Reinsurance at
December 31, 2018
     Percentage Change
in Stockholders’ Equity at
December 31, 2018(1)
 
(dollars in thousands)  
  (10.0 )%    $ 442,229        8.9   $ 427,858        9.4
  (7.5     454,514        6.6       439,743        7.1  
  (5.0     466,798        4.4       451,628        4.7  
  (2.5     479,082        2.2       463,513        2.4  
  Base       491,366        —         475,398        —    
  2.5       503,650        (2.2     487,283        (2.4
  5.0       515,934        (4.4     499,168        (4.7
  7.5       528,218        (6.6     511,053        (7.1
  10.0       540,503        (8.9     522,938        (9.4

 

 

(1)

Net of income tax effect.

 

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Non-GAAP Information

We prepare our consolidated financial statements on the basis of GAAP. Our insurance subsidiaries also prepare financial statements based on statutory accounting principles state insurance regulators prescribe or permit (“SAP”). SAP financial measures are considered non-GAAP financial measures under applicable SEC rules because the SAP financial measures include or exclude certain items that the most comparable GAAP financial measures do not ordinarily include or exclude. Our calculation of non-GAAP financial measures may differ from similar measures other companies use, so investors should exercise caution when comparing our non-GAAP financial measures to the non-GAAP financial measures other companies use.

Because our insurance subsidiaries do not prepare GAAP financial statements, we evaluate the performance of our personal lines and commercial lines segments utilizing SAP financial measures that reflect the growth trends and underwriting results of our insurance subsidiaries. The SAP financial measures we utilize are net premiums written and statutory combined ratio.

Net Premiums Written

We define net premiums written as the amount of full-term premiums our insurance subsidiaries record for policies effective within a given period less premiums our insurance subsidiaries cede to reinsurers. Net premiums earned is the most comparable GAAP financial measure to net premiums written. Net premiums earned represent the sum of the amount of net premiums written and the change in net unearned premiums during a given period. Our insurance subsidiaries earn premiums and recognize them as revenue over the terms of their policies, which are one year or less in duration. Therefore, increases or decreases in net premiums earned generally reflect increases or decreases in net premiums written in the preceding 12-month period compared to the comparable period one year earlier.

The following table provides a reconciliation of our net premiums earned to our net premiums written for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019      2018      2019      2018  

Net premiums earned

   $ 188,763      $ 185,714      $ 376,837      $ 367,479  

Change in net unearned premiums

     9,040        10,235        20,881        23,726  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net premiums written

   $ 197,803      $ 195,949      $ 397,718      $ 391,205  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Statutory Combined Ratio

The combined ratio is a standard measurement of underwriting profitability for an insurance company. The combined ratio does not reflect investment income, net investment gains or losses, federal income taxes or other non-operating income or expense. A combined ratio of less than 100% generally indicates underwriting profitability.

The statutory combined ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure that is based upon amounts determined under SAP. We calculate our statutory combined ratio as the sum of:

 

   

the statutory loss ratio, which is the ratio of calendar-year net incurred losses and loss expenses to net premiums earned;

 

   

the statutory expense ratio, which is the ratio of expenses incurred for net commissions, premium taxes and underwriting expenses to net premiums written; and

 

   

the statutory dividend ratio, which is the ratio of dividends to holders of workers’ compensation policies to net premiums earned.

The calculation of our statutory combined ratio differs from the calculation of our GAAP combined ratio. In calculating our GAAP combined ratio, we do not deduct installment payment fees from incurred expenses, and we base the expense ratio on net premiums earned instead of net premiums written. Differences between our GAAP loss ratio and our statutory loss ratio result from anticipating salvage and subrogation recoveries for our GAAP loss ratio but not for our statutory loss ratio.

 

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Combined Ratios

The following table presents comparative details with respect to our GAAP and statutory combined ratios for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018:

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2019     2018     2019     2018  

GAAP Combined Ratios (Total Lines)

        

Loss ratio (non-weather)

     60.7     63.6     60.5     71.1

Loss ratio (weather-related)

     9.0       9.5       7.1       8.5  

Expense ratio

     31.3       31.8       32.0       32.1  

Dividend ratio

     1.0       0.7       1.1       0.7  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Combined ratio

     102.0     105.6     100.7     112.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Statutory Combined Ratios

        

Commercial lines:

        

Automobile

     112.7     116.0     114.5     143.5

Workers’ compensation

     71.7       92.9       80.2       88.1  

Commercial multi-peril

     93.2       91.2       92.1       103.8  

Other

     95.1       67.1       80.9       54.5  

Total commercial lines

     92.9       97.3       94.6       108.0  

Personal lines:

        

Automobile

     107.2       109.7       104.2       113.8  

Homeowners

     113.6       113.9       104.4       112.8  

Other

     89.2       104.9       79.9       119.5  

Total personal lines

     108.5       111.0       103.1       113.6  

Total commercial and personal lines

     100.7       104.5       98.9       111.0  

Results of Operations—Three Months Ended June 30, 2019 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2018

Net Premiums Earned. Our insurance subsidiaries’ net premiums earned for the second quarter of 2019 were $188.8 million, an increase of $3.1 million, or 1.6%, compared to $185.7 million for the second quarter of 2018, reflecting increases in net premiums written during 2019 and 2018.

Net Premiums Written. Our insurance subsidiaries’ net premiums written for the three months ended June 30, 2019 were $197.8 million, an increase of $1.9 million, or 0.9%, from the $195.9 million of net premiums written for the second quarter of 2018. We attribute the increase primarily to the impact of premium rate increases and an increase in the writing of new accounts in commercial lines of business. Commercial lines net premiums written increased $12.3 million, or 13.5%, for the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018. We attribute the increase in commercial lines primarily to premium rate increases throughout 2018 and 2019, increased writings of new commercial accounts and lower reinsurance premiums. Personal lines net premiums written decreased $10.4 million, or 10.0%, for the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018. We attribute the decrease in personal lines primarily to net attrition as a result of underwriting measures our insurance subsidiaries have implemented to slow new policy growth and to increase pricing on renewal policies, as well as the previously announced non-renewal of unprofitable personal lines business in seven states that began in February 2019, partially offset by premium rate increases our insurance subsidiaries have implemented over the past five quarters and lower reinsurance premiums.

Investment Income. Our net investment income increased to $7.3 million for the second quarter of 2019, compared to $6.3 million for the second quarter of 2018. We attribute the increase primarily to an increase in average invested assets.

Net Investment Gains. Net investment gains for the second quarter of 2019 were $1.6 million, compared to $1.5 million for the second quarter of 2018. The net investment gains for the second quarter of 2019 and 2018 resulted primarily from unrealized gains within our equity securities portfolio. We did not recognize any impairment losses in our investment portfolio during the second quarter of 2019 or 2018.

 

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Losses and Loss Expenses. Our insurance subsidiaries’ loss ratio, which is the ratio of incurred losses and loss expenses to premiums earned, for the second quarter of 2019 was 69.7%, a decrease from our insurance subsidiaries’ loss ratio of 73.1% for the second quarter of 2018. Weather-related losses of $17.0 million for the second quarter of 2019, or 9.0 percentage points of the loss ratio, decreased slightly from $17.7 million for the second quarter of 2018, or 9.5 percentage points of the loss ratio. On a statutory basis, our insurance subsidiaries’ commercial lines loss ratio was 60.6% for the second quarter of 2019, compared to 65.6% for the second quarter of 2018, primarily due to decreases in the commercial automobile and workers’ compensation loss ratios. The personal lines statutory loss ratio of our insurance subsidiaries decreased to 78.4% for the second quarter of 2019, compared to 80.2% for the second quarter of 2018. We attribute this decrease primarily to a decrease in the personal automobile loss ratio. Our insurance subsidiaries experienced favorable loss reserve development of approximately $2.9 million and $500,000 during the second quarters of 2019 and 2018, respectively.

Underwriting Expenses. The expense ratio for an insurance company is the ratio of policy acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses to premiums earned. The expense ratio of our insurance subsidiaries was 31.3% for the second quarter of 2019, compared to 31.8% for the second quarter of 2018. We attribute the decrease to savings associated with the consolidation of certain operations of Peninsula in July 2018, partially offset by higher underwriting-based incentives for the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018.

Policyholder Dividends. Our insurance subsidiaries pay policyholder dividends primarily on workers’ compensation policies on a sliding scale based on the profitability of a given policy. We attribute the increase in dividends incurred for the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018 to growth and profitability of the workers’ compensation line of business over the respective periods to which the dividends applied. We also partially attribute the increase to growth in workers’ compensation writings in Wisconsin, a state in which our insurance subsidiaries and their competitors pay a higher rate of dividends compared to other states and where such dividends are not dependent on the profitability of a given policy.

Combined Ratio. The combined ratio represents the sum of the loss ratio, the expense ratio and the dividend ratio, which is the ratio of policyholder dividends incurred to premiums earned. Our insurance subsidiaries’ combined ratios were 102.0% and 105.6% for the second quarters ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We attribute the decrease in the combined ratio to a decrease in the loss ratio for the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018.

Interest Expense. Our interest expense for the second quarter of 2019 was $303,423, compared to $566,284 for the second quarter of 2018. We attribute the decrease to lower average borrowings under our lines of credit during the second quarter of 2019 compared to the second quarter of 2018.

Income Taxes. We recorded income tax expense of $749,077 for the second quarter of 2019, representing an effective tax rate of 13.5%. We recorded an income tax benefit of $543,191 for the second quarter of 2018 based upon an estimated carryback of our taxable loss in 2018 to prior tax years. The income tax expense and effective tax rate for the second quarter of 2019 represented an estimate based on our projected annual taxable income.

Net Income (Loss) and Income (Loss) Per Share. Our net income for the second quarter of 2019 was $4.8 million, or $.17 per share of Class A common stock on a diluted basis and $.15 per share of Class B common stock, compared to a net loss of $789,855, or $.03 per share of Class A common stock and $.03 per share of Class B common stock, for the second quarter of 2018. We had 23.0 million and 22.7 million Class A shares outstanding at June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We had 5.6 million Class B shares outstanding at the end of both periods.

Results of Operations—Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 Compared to Six Months Ended June 30, 2018

Net Premiums Earned. Our insurance subsidiaries’ net premiums earned for the first half of 2019 were $376.8 million, an increase of $9.3 million, or 2.5%, compared to $367.5 million for the first half of 2018, reflecting increases in net premiums written during 2019 and 2018.

Net Premiums Written. Our insurance subsidiaries’ net premiums written for the first half of 2019 were $397.7 million, an increase of $6.5 million, or 1.7%, from the $391.2 million of net premiums written for the first half of 2018. We attribute the increase primarily to the impact of premium rate increases and an increase in the writing of new accounts in commercial lines of business. Commercial lines net premiums written increased $25.1 million, or 13.1%, for the first half of 2019 compared to the first half of 2018. We attribute the increase in commercial lines primarily to premium rate increases throughout 2018 and 2019, increased writings of new commercial accounts and lower reinsurance premiums. Personal lines net premiums written

 

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decreased $18.6 million, or 9.3%, for the first half of 2019 compared to the first half of 2018. We attribute the decrease in personal lines primarily to net attrition as a result of underwriting measures our insurance subsidiaries have implemented to slow new policy growth and to increase pricing on renewal policies, as well as the previously announced non-renewal of unprofitable personal lines business in seven states that began in February 2019, partially offset by premium rate increases our insurance subsidiaries have implemented over the past five quarters and lower reinsurance premiums.

Investment Income. Our net investment income increased to $14.3 million for the first half of 2019, compared to $12.7 million for the first half of 2018. We attribute the increase primarily to an increase in average invested assets.

Net Investment Gains. Net investment gains for the first half of 2019 were $19.7 million, compared to $598,971 for the first half of 2018. The net investment gains for the first half of 2019 included $12.7 million from the sale of DFSC and $6.1 million related to unrealized gains within our equity securities portfolio. The net investment gains for the first half of 2018 resulted primarily from unrealized gains within our equity securities portfolio. We did not recognize any impairment losses in our investment portfolio during the first half of 2019 or 2018.

Losses and Loss Expenses. Our insurance subsidiaries’ loss ratio, which is the ratio of incurred losses and loss expenses to premiums earned, for the first half of 2019 was 67.6%, a decrease from our insurance subsidiaries’ loss ratio of 79.6% for the first half of 2018. Weather-related losses of $26.7 million for the first half of 2019, or 7.1 percentage points of the loss ratio, decreased from $31.4 million for the first half of 2018, or 8.5 percentage points of the loss ratio. On a statutory basis, our insurance subsidiaries’ commercial lines loss ratio was 62.1% for the first half of 2019, compared to 77.0% for the first half of 2018, primarily due to decreases in the commercial automobile and commercial multiple-peril loss ratios. The personal lines statutory loss ratio of our insurance subsidiaries decreased to 72.3% for the first half of 2019, compared to 82.3% for the first half of 2018. We attribute this decrease primarily to decreases in the personal automobile and homeowners loss ratios. Our insurance subsidiaries experienced favorable loss reserve development of approximately $6.9 million during the first half of 2019. Our insurance subsidiaries experienced adverse loss reserve development of approximately $26.2 million during the first half of 2018.

Underwriting Expenses. The expense ratio for an insurance company is the ratio of policy acquisition costs and other underwriting expenses to premiums earned. The expense ratio of our insurance subsidiaries was 32.0% for the first half of 2019, comparable to 32.1% for the first half of 2018.

Policyholder Dividends. Our insurance subsidiaries pay policyholder dividends primarily on workers’ compensation policies on a sliding scale based on the profitability of a given policy. We attribute the increase in dividends incurred for the first half of 2019 compared to the first half of 2018 to growth and profitability of the workers’ compensation line of business over the respective periods to which the dividends applied. We also partially attribute the increase to growth in workers’ compensation writings in Wisconsin, a state in which our insurance subsidiaries and their competitors pay a higher rate of dividends compared to other states and where such dividends are not dependent on the profitability of a given policy.

Combined Ratio. The combined ratio represents the sum of the loss ratio, the expense ratio and the dividend ratio, which is the ratio of policyholder dividends incurred to premiums earned. Our insurance subsidiaries’ combined ratios were 100.7% and 112.4% for the first half of 2019 and 2018, respectively. We attribute the decrease in the combined ratio to a decrease in the loss ratio for the first half of 2019 compared to the first half of 2018.

Interest Expense. Our interest expense for the first half of 2019 was $868,715, compared to $1.0 million for the first half of 2018. We attribute the decrease to lower average borrowings under our lines of credit during the first half of 2019 compared to the first half of 2018.

Income Taxes. We recorded income tax expense of $4.6 million for the first half of 2019, representing an effective tax rate of 14.1%. We recorded an income tax benefit of $10.9 million for the first half of 2018 based upon an estimated carryback of our taxable loss in 2018 to prior tax years. The income tax expense and effective tax rate for the first half of 2019 represented an estimate based on our projected annual taxable income. The estimate for the first half of 2019 included income tax expense associated with the gain we realized on the sale of DFSC, which was partially offset by an accounting tax benefit with respect to a tax deduction that applies to a portion of the dividend we received from DFSC prior to the closing of the sale.

Net Income (Loss) and Income (Loss) Per Share. Our net income for the first half of 2019 was $27.8 million, or $.99 per share of Class A common stock on a diluted basis and $.90 per share of Class B common stock, compared to a net loss of $19.0 million, or $.68 per share of Class A common stock and $.63 per share of Class B common stock, for the first half of 2018. We had 23.0 million and 22.7 million Class A shares outstanding at June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. We had 5.6 million Class B shares outstanding at the end of both periods.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Liquidity is a measure of an entity’s ability to secure enough cash to meet its contractual obligations and operating needs as such obligations and needs arise. Our major sources of funds from operations are the net cash flows we generate from our insurance subsidiaries’ underwriting results, investment income and investment maturities.

Our operations have historically generated sufficient net positive cash flow to fund our commitments and add to our investment portfolio, thereby increasing future investment returns and enhancing our liquidity. The impact of the pooling agreement between Donegal Mutual and Atlantic States has historically been cash-flow positive because of the consistent underwriting profitability of the pool. Donegal Mutual and Atlantic States settle their respective obligations to each other under the pool monthly, thereby resulting in cash flows substantially similar to the cash flows that would result from each company writing the business directly. We have not experienced any unusual variations in the timing of claim payments associated with the loss reserves of our insurance subsidiaries. We maintain significant liquidity in our investment portfolio in the form of readily marketable fixed maturities, equity securities and short-term investments. We structure our fixed-maturity investment portfolio following a “laddering” approach, so that projected cash flows from investment income and principal maturities are evenly distributed from a timing perspective, thereby providing an additional measure of liquidity to meet our obligations should an unexpected variation occur in the future. Our operating activities provided net cash flows in the first six months of 2019 and 2018 of $21.2 million and $36.1 million, respectively.

At June 30, 2019, we had no outstanding borrowings under our line of credit with M&T and had the ability to borrow up to $30.0 million at interest rates equal to M&T’s current prime rate or the then current LIBOR rate plus 2.25%. At June 30, 2019, Atlantic States had $35.0 million in outstanding advances with the FHLB of Pittsburgh. The interest rate on these advances was 2.76% at June 30, 2019.

The following table shows our expected payments for significant contractual obligations at June 30, 2019:

 

     Total      Less than 1 year      1-3 years      4-5 years      After 5 years  
     (in thousands)  

Net liability for unpaid losses and loss expenses of our insurance subsidiaries

   $ 491,366      $ 225,770      $ 232,324      $ 17,259      $ 16,013  

Subordinated debentures

     5,000        —          —          —          5,000  

Borrowings under lines of credit

     35,000        35,000        —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations

   $ 531,366      $ 260,770      $ 232,324      $ 17,259      $ 21,013  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

We estimate the date of payment for the net liability for unpaid losses and loss expenses of our insurance subsidiaries based on historical experience and expectations of future payment patterns. We show the liability net of reinsurance recoverable on unpaid losses and loss expenses to reflect expected future cash flows related to such liability. Amounts Atlantic States assumes pursuant to the pooling agreement with Donegal Mutual represent a substantial portion of our insurance subsidiaries’ gross liability for unpaid losses and loss expenses, and amounts Atlantic States cedes pursuant to the pooling agreement represent a substantial portion of our insurance subsidiaries’ reinsurance recoverable on unpaid losses and loss expenses. We include cash settlement of Atlantic States’ assumed liability from the pool in monthly settlements of pooled activity, as we net amounts ceded to and assumed from the pool. Although Donegal Mutual and we do not anticipate any changes in the pool participation levels in the foreseeable future, any such change would be prospective in nature and therefore would not impact the timing of expected payments by Atlantic States for its percentage share of pooled losses occurring in periods prior to the effective date of such change.

We discuss in Note 7 – Borrowings our estimate of the timing of the amounts payable for the borrowings under our lines of credit based on their contractual maturities. The borrowings under our lines of credit carry interest rates that vary as we discuss in Note 7 – Borrowings. We complied with all requirements of the credit agreement during the six months ended June 30, 2019. Based upon the interest rates in effect at June 30, 2019, our annual interest cost associated with the borrowings under our lines of credit is approximately $1.0 million. For every 1% change in the interest rate associated with the borrowings under our lines of credit, the effect on our annual interest cost would be approximately $350,000.

 

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We discuss in Note 7 – Borrowings our estimate of the timing of the amounts payable for the subordinated debentures based on their contractual maturity. The subordinated debentures carry an interest rate of 5%, and any repayment of principal or payment of interest on the subordinated debentures requires prior approval of the Michigan Department of Insurance and Financial Services. Our annual interest cost associated with the subordinated debentures is $250,000.

On July 18, 2013, our board of directors authorized a share repurchase program pursuant to which we have the authority to purchase up to 500,000 shares of our Class A common stock at prices prevailing from time to time in the open market subject to the provisions of applicable rules of the SEC and in privately negotiated transactions. We did not purchase any shares of our Class A common stock under this program during the six months ended June 30, 2019 or 2018. We have purchased a total of 57,658 shares of our Class A common stock under this program from its inception through June 30, 2019.

On July 18, 2019, our board of directors declared quarterly cash dividends of 14.5 cents per share of our Class A common stock and 12.75 cents per share of our Class B common stock, payable on August 15, 2019 to our stockholders of record as of the close of business on August 1, 2019. We are not subject to any restrictions on our payment of dividends to our stockholders, although there are state law restrictions on the payment of dividends by our insurance subsidiaries to us. Dividends from our insurance subsidiaries are our principal source of cash for payment of dividends to our stockholders. Our insurance subsidiaries are subject to regulations that restrict the payment of dividends from statutory surplus and may require prior approval of their domiciliary insurance regulatory authorities. Our insurance subsidiaries are also subject to risk based capital (“RBC”) requirements that limit their ability to pay dividends to us. Our insurance subsidiaries’ statutory capital and surplus at December 31, 2018 exceeded the amount of statutory capital and surplus necessary to satisfy regulatory requirements, including the RBC requirements, by a significant margin. Our insurance subsidiaries paid $4.0 million in dividends to us during the first half of 2019. Amounts remaining available for distribution to us as dividends from our insurance subsidiaries without prior approval of their domiciliary insurance regulatory authorities in 2019 are $15.4 million from Atlantic States, $4.5 million from Southern, $2.0 million from Le Mars, $1.7 million from Peninsula, $1.7 million from Sheboygan and $5.6 million from MICO, or a total of approximately $30.9 million.

At June 30, 2019, we had no material commitments for capital expenditures.

Equity Price Risk

Our portfolio of marketable equity securities, which we carry on our consolidated balance sheets at estimated fair value, has exposure to the risk of loss resulting from an adverse change in prices. We manage this risk by having our investment personnel perform an analysis of prospective investments and regular reviews of our portfolio of equity securities.

Credit Risk

Our portfolio of fixed-maturity securities and, to a lesser extent, our portfolio of short-term investments is subject to credit risk, which we define as the potential loss in market value resulting from adverse changes in the borrower’s ability to repay its debt. We manage this risk by having our investment personnel perform an analysis of prospective investments and regular reviews of our portfolio of fixed-maturity securities. We also limit the percentage and amount of our total investment portfolio that we invest in the securities of any one issuer.

Our insurance subsidiaries provide property and casualty insurance coverages through independent insurance agencies. We bill the majority of this business directly to the insured, although we bill a portion of our commercial business through licensed insurance agents to whom our insurance subsidiaries extend credit in the normal course of business.

Because the pooling agreement does not relieve Atlantic States of primary liability as the originating insurer, Atlantic States is subject to a concentration of credit risk arising from the business it cedes to Donegal Mutual. Our insurance subsidiaries maintain reinsurance agreements with Donegal Mutual and with a number of other major unaffiliated authorized reinsurers.

Impact of Inflation

We establish property and casualty insurance premium rates before we know the amount of unpaid losses and loss expenses or the extent to which inflation may impact such losses and expenses. Consequently, our insurance subsidiaries attempt, in establishing rates, to anticipate the potential impact of inflation.

 

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Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Our market risk generally represents the risk of gain or loss that may result from the potential change in the fair value of the securities we hold in our investment portfolio as a result of fluctuations in prices and interest rates and, to a lesser extent, our debt obligations. We manage our interest rate risk by maintaining an appropriate relationship between the average duration of our investment portfolio and the approximate duration of our liabilities, i.e., policy claims of our insurance subsidiaries and our debt obligations.

There have been no material changes to our quantitative or qualitative market risk exposure from December 31, 2018 through June 30, 2019.

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, at June 30, 2019, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in recording, processing, summarizing and reporting, on a timely basis, information we are required to disclose in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act, and our disclosure controls and procedures were also effective to ensure that information we disclose in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to affect materially, our internal control over financial reporting.

Safe Harbor Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995

We base all statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not historic facts on our current expectations. Such statements are forward-looking in nature (as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) and necessarily involve risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements we make may be identified by our use of words such as “will,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates” and similar expressions. Our actual results could vary materially from our forward-looking statements. The factors that could cause our actual results to vary materially from the forward-looking statements we have previously made include, but are not limited to, adverse and catastrophic weather events, our ability to maintain profitable operations, the adequacy of the loss and loss expense reserves of our insurance subsidiaries, the availability and successful operation of the information technology systems our insurance subsidiaries utilize, the successful development of new information technology systems to allow our insurance subsidiaries to compete effectively, business and economic conditions in the areas in which we and our insurance subsidiaries operate, interest rates, competition from various insurance and other financial businesses, terrorism, the availability and cost of reinsurance, legal and judicial developments, adverse litigation and other industry trends that could increase our loss costs, changes in regulatory requirements, changes in our A.M. Best rating, our ability to integrate and manage successfully the companies we may acquire from time to time and the other risks that we describe from time to time in our filings with the SEC. We disclaim any obligation to update such statements or to announce publicly the results of any revisions that we may make to any forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements.

 

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Part II. Other Information

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings.

None.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

Our business, results of operations and financial condition, and, therefore, the value of our Class A common stock and our Class B common stock, are subject to a number of risks. For a description of certain risks, we refer to “Risk Factors” in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K that we filed with the SEC on March 14, 2019. There have been no material changes in the risk factors we disclosed in that Form 10-K Report during the six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

 

Item 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities.

None.

 

Item 4.

Removed and Reserved.

 

Item 5.

Other Information.

None.

 

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Item 6.

Exhibits.

 

Exhibit No.

  

Description

Exhibit 3.1

   Certificate of Incorporation of Donegal Group Inc., as amended

Exhibit 10.1

   Donegal Group Inc. 2019 Equity Incentive Plan for Employees

Exhibit 10.2

   Donegal Group Inc. 2019 Equity Incentive Plan for Directors

Exhibit 10.3

   Donegal Group Inc. 2011 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended

Exhibit 31.1

   Certification of Chief Executive Officer

Exhibit 31.2

   Certification of Chief Financial Officer

Exhibit 32.1

   Statement of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 of Title 18 of the United States Code

Exhibit 32.2

   Statement of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 of Title 18 of the United States Code

Exhibit 101.INS

   XBRL Instance Document

Exhibit 101.SCH

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

Exhibit 101.PRE

   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document

Exhibit 101.CAL

   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document

Exhibit 101.LAB

   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document

Exhibit 101.DEF

   XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

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Signatures

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    DONEGAL GROUP INC.
August 8, 2019     By:  

/s/ Kevin G. Burke

      Kevin G. Burke, President and Chief Executive Officer
August 8, 2019     By:  

/s/ Jeffrey D. Miller

      Jeffrey D. Miller, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

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