10-Q 1 din-20220331.htm 10-Q din-20220331
Washington, D.C. 20549
 (Mark One)
 For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
 For the transition period from                  to                
Commission File Number 001-15283
din-20220331_g1.jpg Dine Brands Global, Inc. din-20220331_g2.jpg
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
450 North Brand Boulevard, 91203-2346
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 Title of each class Trading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par valueDINNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No 
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes   No 
 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
 Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes 
As of April 27, 2022, the Registrant had 16,751,012 shares of Common Stock outstanding.

Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
Statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause actual results to be materially different from those expressed or implied in such statements. You can identify these forward-looking statements by words such as “may,” “will,” “would,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “goal” and other similar expressions. You should consider our forward-looking statements in light of the risks discussed under the heading “Risk Factors,” as well as our consolidated financial statements, related notes, and the other financial information appearing elsewhere in this report and our other filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. The forward-looking statements contained in this report are made as of the date hereof and Dine Brands Global, Inc. does not intend to, nor does it assume any obligation to, update or supplement any forward-looking statements after the date of this report to reflect actual results or future events or circumstances.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the projections, forecasts, estimates and expectations discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, among other things: uncertainty regarding the duration and severity of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic (including the emergence of variant strains) and its ultimate impact on our business; general economic conditions; our level of indebtedness; compliance with the terms of our securitized debt; our ability to refinance our current indebtedness or obtain additional financing; our dependence on information technology; potential cyber incidents; the implementation of restaurant development plans; our dependence on our franchisees; the concentration of our Applebee’s franchised restaurants in a limited number of franchisees; the financial health of our franchisees, including any insolvency or bankruptcy; credit risks from our IHOP franchisees operating under our previous IHOP business model in which we built and equipped IHOP restaurants and then franchised them to franchisees; insufficient insurance coverage to cover potential risks associated with the ownership and operation of restaurants; our franchisees’ and other licensees’ compliance with our quality standards and trademark usage; general risks associated with the restaurant industry; potential harm to our brands’ reputation; risks of food-borne illness or food tampering; possible future impairment charges; trading volatility and fluctuations in the price of our stock; our ability to achieve the financial guidance we provide to investors; successful implementation of our business strategy; the availability of suitable locations for new restaurants; shortages or interruptions in the supply or delivery of products from third parties or availability of utilities; the management and forecasting of appropriate inventory levels;

development and implementation of innovative marketing and use of social media; changing health or dietary preference of consumers; risks associated with doing business in international markets; the results of litigation and other legal proceedings; third-party claims with respect to intellectual property assets; delivery initiatives and use of third-party delivery vendors; our allocation of human capital and our ability to attract and retain management and other key employees; compliance with federal, state and local governmental regulations; risks associated with our self-insurance; natural disasters or other serious incidents; our success with development initiatives outside of our core business; the adequacy of our internal controls over financial reporting and future changes in accounting standards; and other matters in the “Risk Factors” section of this report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021 and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, many of which are beyond our control.

Fiscal Quarter End

The Company’s fiscal quarters end on the Sunday closest to the last day of each calendar quarter. For convenience, the fiscal quarters of each year are referred to as ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31. The first fiscal quarter of 2022 began on January 3, 2022 and ended on April 3, 2022. The first fiscal quarter of 2021 began on January 4, 2021 and ended on April 4, 2021.



Item 1.  Financial Statements.
Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents
$294,738 $361,412 
Receivables, net of allowance of $4,490 (2022) and $4,959 (2021)
94,009 119,968 
Restricted cash
47,168 47,541 
Prepaid gift card costs
23,981 28,175 
Prepaid income taxes
6,867 10,529 
Other current assets
10,092 6,728 
Total current assets
476,855 574,353 
Other intangible assets, net536,812 539,390 
Operating lease right-of-use assets329,895 335,428 
Goodwill251,628 251,628 
Property and equipment, net175,515 179,411 
Long-term receivables, net of allowance of $6,319 (2022) and $6,897 (2021)
42,651 42,493 
Deferred rent receivable48,280 50,257 
Non-current restricted cash16,400 16,400 
Other non-current assets, net10,247 10,006 
Total assets
$1,888,283 $1,999,366 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable
$38,421 $55,956 
Gift card liability
137,123 165,530 
Current maturities of operating lease obligations
72,451 72,079 
Current maturities of finance lease and financing obligations
10,692 10,693 
Accrued employee compensation and benefits
14,240 40,785 
Accrued advertising40,681 33,752 
Dividends payable
Deferred franchise revenue, short-term
7,028 7,246 
Other accrued expenses
14,134 17,770 
Total current liabilities
334,770 410,730 
Long-term debt1,280,182 1,279,623 
Operating lease obligations, less current maturities313,634 320,848 
Finance lease obligations, less current maturities61,223 59,625 
Financing obligations, less current maturities30,147 31,967 
Deferred income taxes, net73,634 76,228 
Deferred franchise revenue, long-term45,141 46,100 
Other non-current liabilities14,724 17,052 
Total liabilities
2,153,455 2,242,173 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders’ deficit:  
Preferred stock, $1 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued or outstanding
Common stock, $0.01 par value; shares: 40,000,000 authorized; March 31, 2022 - 24,991,163 issued, 16,746,028 outstanding; December 31, 2021 - 24,992,275 issued, 17,163,946 outstanding
250 250 
 Additional paid-in-capital
250,150 256,189 
 Retained earnings52,516 35,415 
 Accumulated other comprehensive loss
Treasury stock, at cost; shares: March 31, 2022 - 8,245,135; December 31, 2021 - 7,828,329
Total stockholders’ deficit
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
$1,888,283 $1,999,366 
 See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
Franchise revenues:
Royalties, franchise fees and other
$90,349 $80,091 
Advertising revenues
70,883 60,885 
Total franchise revenues161,232 140,976 
Company restaurant sales39,416 35,949 
Rental revenues28,807 26,142 
Financing revenues968 1,132 
Total revenues230,423 204,199 
Cost of revenues:
Franchise expenses:
Advertising expenses
70,883 60,885 
Bad debt credit(299)(1,993)
Other franchise expenses
7,448 6,051 
Total franchise expenses78,032 64,943 
Company restaurant expenses37,408 32,884 
Rental expenses:
Interest expense from finance leases
768 962 
Other rental expenses
21,355 19,996 
Total rental expenses22,123 20,958 
Financing expenses107 128 
Total cost of revenues137,670 118,913 
Gross profit
92,753 85,286 
General and administrative expenses
41,548 39,911 
Interest expense, net
15,533 16,496 
Closure and impairment charges146 2,010 
Amortization of intangible assets
2,665 2,688 
(Gain) loss on disposition of assets(1,296)167 
Income before income taxes34,157 24,014 
Income tax (provision) benefit(9,307)1,589 
Net income24,850 25,603 
Other comprehensive income net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(1)(1)
Total comprehensive income$24,849 $25,602 
Net income available to common stockholders:
Net income$24,850 $25,603 
Less: Net income allocated to unvested participating restricted stock(598)(548)
Net income available to common stockholders$24,252 $25,055 
Net income available to common stockholders per share:
Basic$1.45 $1.52 
Diluted$1.45 $1.51 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic16,722 16,460 
Diluted16,758 16,630 
See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Deficit
(In thousands)

Three Months ended March 31, 2021
Common StockAccumulated
Treasury Stock
(Accumulated Deficit)SharesCostTotal
Balance at December 31, 202016,452 $249 $257,625 $(55,553)$(55)8,430 $(556,917)$(354,651)
Net income— — — 25,603 — — — 25,603 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (1)— — (1)
Reissuance of treasury stock539 1 (2,290)— — (539)21,773 19,484 
Net issuance of shares for stock plans166 — — — — — — — 
Repurchase of restricted shares for taxes(15)— (1,220)— — — — (1,220)
Stock-based compensation— — 3,094 — — — — 3,094 
Tax payments for share settlement of restricted stock units— — (9,711)— — — — (9,711)
Balance at March 31, 202117,142 $250 $247,498 $(29,950)$(56)7,891 $(535,144)$(317,402)

Three Months ended March 31, 2022
 Common Stock  Accumulated
Treasury Stock 
Retained EarningsSharesCostTotal
Balance at December 31, 202117,164 $250 $256,189 $35,415 $(59)7,828 $(534,602)$(242,807)
Net income— — — 24,850 — — — 24,850 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (1)— — (1)
Purchase of Company common stock(588)— — — — 588 (41,445)(41,445)
Reissuance of treasury stock171 — (7,778)— — (171)8,019 241 
Net issuance of shares for stock plans22 — — — — — — — 
Repurchase of restricted shares for taxes(23)— (1,745)— — — — (1,745)
Stock-based compensation— — 4,341 — — — — 4,341 
Dividends on common stock— — 96 (7,749)— — — (7,653)
Tax payments for share settlement of restricted stock units— — (953)— — — — (953)
Balance at March 31, 202216,746 $250 $250,150 $52,516 $(60)8,245 $(568,028)$(265,172)

See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
Cash flows from operating activities: 
Net income$24,850 $25,603 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities: 
Depreciation and amortization9,938 9,995 
Non-cash closure and impairment charges45 1,959 
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense4,341 3,094 
Non-cash interest expense714 712 
Deferred income taxes(873)(8,267)
Deferred revenue(1,177)(1,565)
(Gain) loss on disposition of assets(1,296)167 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities: 
Accounts receivable, net(3,567)(4,323)
Deferred rent receivable1,977 1,736 
Current income tax receivables and payables2,352 (552)
Gift card receivables and payables(2,180)(3,246)
Other current assets(3,365)(3,072)
Accounts payable(11,683)809 
Operating lease assets and liabilities(2,909)(4,374)
Accrued employee compensation and benefits(26,646)(6,968)
Accrued advertising6,929 22,836 
Other current liabilities(3,474)(5,037)
Cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities(7,790)30,565 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Principal receipts from notes, equipment contracts and other long-term receivables4,848 4,651 
Net additions to property and equipment(5,298)(2,357)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment2,862 946 
Additions to long-term receivables(669) 
Cash flows provided by investing activities1,713 3,130 
Cash flows from financing activities: 
Repayment of long-term debt (3,250)
Repayment of revolving credit facility (220,000)
Dividends paid on common stock(14,588) 
Repurchase of common stock(41,585) 
Principal payments on finance lease obligations(2,340)(2,621)
Proceeds from stock options exercised241 19,484 
Repurchase of restricted stock for tax payments upon vesting(1,745)(1,220)
Tax payments for share settlement of restricted stock units(953)(9,711)
Cash flows used in financing activities(60,970)(217,318)
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(67,047)(183,623)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period425,353 456,053 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$358,306 $272,430 
Supplemental disclosures:  
Interest paid in cash$15,869 $17,240 
Income taxes paid in cash$7,945 $7,441 
Non-cash conversion of accounts receivable to notes receivable$ $1,269 

See the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

1. General
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Dine Brands Global, Inc. (the “Company” or “Dine Brands Global”) have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the twelve months ending December 31, 2022.
The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2021 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
2. Basis of Presentation
The Company’s fiscal quarters end on the Sunday closest to the last day of each calendar quarter. For convenience, the fiscal quarters of each year are referred to as ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31. The first fiscal quarter of 2022 began on January 3, 2022 and ended on April 3, 2022. The first fiscal quarter of 2021 began on January 4, 2021 and ended on April 4, 2021.

The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries that are consolidated in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company’s management to make assumptions and estimates that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities, if any, at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates may include the calculation and assessment of the following: impairment of goodwill, other intangible assets and tangible assets; income taxes; allowance for credit losses on accounts and notes receivables; lease accounting estimates; contingencies; and stock-based compensation. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates based on historical experience, current conditions and various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The Company adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Risks and Uncertainties

The Company was subject to risks and uncertainties as a result of the continuing outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus, designated “COVID-19,” and evolving variants thereof. The extent of the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's business remains uncertain and difficult to predict, as measures taken in response to and the effect of the pandemic have varied and continue to vary by country, state and municipalities within states. The Company first began to experience impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, as federal, state, local and international governments reacted to the public health crisis by encouraging social distancing and requiring, in varying degrees, restaurant dine-in limitations and other restrictions that largely limited the restaurants of the Company's franchisees and its company-operated restaurants to take-out and delivery sales during the initial stages of the pandemic. Subsequently, government-imposed dine-in restrictions have been relaxed or removed in many of the locations in which the Company operates as incidents of infection decline and vaccination rates increase within the respective governmental jurisdictions. As of March 31, 2022, substantially all domestic Applebee's and IHOP restaurants were open and operating without government-mandated restrictions.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

2. Basis of Presentation (Continued)

The severity of the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's business will depend on a number of factors, including, but not limited to, how long the pandemic will last, whether/when recurrences of the virus and variants of the virus may arise, the availability and acceptance of vaccines, what restrictions on in-restaurant dining may be imposed or re-imposed, the timing and extent of customer re-engagement with the Company's brands and, in general, what the short- and long-term impact on consumer discretionary spending the COVID-19 pandemic might have on the Company and the restaurant industry as a whole, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. The Company's future results of operations and liquidity could adversely be impacted by the resurgence of outbreaks of the virus and its variants that result in the re-imposition of dine-in restrictions, as well as the success of any initiatives or programs that the Company may undertake to address financial and operational challenges faced by itself and its franchisees. As such, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may continue to materially impact the Company's financial condition, liquidity, or results of operations remains highly uncertain.

3. Accounting Standards Adopted and Newly Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

Accounting Standards Adopted in the Current Fiscal Year
In July 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued guidance which affect lessors with lease contracts that (i) have variable lease payments that do not depend on a reference index or a rate and (ii) would have resulted in the recognition of a selling loss at lease commencement if classified as sales-type or direct financing. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. Adoption did not have any material effect on the consolidated financial statements.

Additional new accounting guidance became effective for the Company as of the beginning of fiscal 2022 that the Company reviewed and concluded was either not applicable to its operations or had no material effect on its consolidated financial statements in the current or future fiscal years.

Newly Issued Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In March 2020, with an update in January 2021, the FASB issued guidance which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying current U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by the discontinuation of the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or by another reference rate expected to be discontinued. The guidance can be adopted immediately and is applicable to contracts entered into on or before December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating its contracts that reference LIBOR and the potential effects of adopting this new guidance.

The Company reviewed all other newly issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they either are not applicable to the Company's operations or that no material effect is expected on the Company's financial statements when adoption is required in the future.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Revenue Disclosures

Franchise revenue and revenue from company-operated restaurants are recognized in accordance with current guidance for revenue recognition as codified in Accounting Standards Topic 606 (“ASC 606”). Under ASC 606, revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised services or goods to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to receive for those services or goods.

Franchising Activities

The Company owns, franchises and operates the Applebee's Neighborhood Grill & Bar® (“Applebee's”) concept in the casual dining category of the restaurant industry and the Company owns and franchises the International House of Pancakes® (“IHOP”) concept in the family dining category of the restaurant industry. The franchise arrangement for both brands is documented in the form of a franchise agreement and, in most cases, a development agreement. The franchise arrangement between the Company as the franchisor and the franchisee as the customer requires the Company to perform various activities to support the brands that do not directly transfer goods and services to the franchisee, but instead represent a single performance obligation, which is the transfer of the franchise license. The intellectual property subject to the franchise license is symbolic intellectual property as it does not have significant standalone functionality, and substantially all the utility is derived from its association with the Company’s past or ongoing activities. The nature of the Company’s promise in granting the franchise license is to provide the franchisee with access to the respective brand’s symbolic intellectual property over the term of the license. The services provided by the Company are highly interrelated with the franchise license and as such are considered to represent a single performance obligation.

The transaction price in a standard franchise arrangement for both brands primarily consists of (a) initial franchise/development fees; (b) continuing franchise fees (royalties); and (c) advertising fees. Since the Company considers the licensing of the franchising right to be a single performance obligation, no allocation of the transaction price is required. All domestic IHOP franchise agreements require franchisees to purchase proprietary pancake and waffle dry mix from the Company.

The Company recognizes the primary components of the transaction price as follows:

Franchise and development fees are recognized as revenue ratably on a straight-line basis over the term of the franchise agreement commencing with the restaurant opening date. As these fees are typically received in cash at or near the beginning of the franchise term, the cash received is initially recorded as a contract liability until recognized as revenue over time.
The Company is entitled to royalties and advertising fees based on a percentage of the franchisee's gross sales as defined in the franchise agreement. Royalty and advertising revenue are recognized when the franchisee's reported sales occur. Depending on timing within a fiscal period, the recognition of revenue results in either what is considered a contract asset (unbilled receivable) or once billed, accounts receivable, and are included in “receivables, net” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Revenue from the sale of proprietary pancake and waffle dry mix is recognized in the period in which distributors ship the franchisee's order; recognition of revenue results in an accounts receivable included in “receivables, net” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

In determining the amount and timing of revenue from contracts with customers, the Company exercises significant judgment with respect to collectability of the amount; however, the timing of recognition does not require significant judgments as it is based on either the term of the franchise agreement, the month of reported sales by the franchisee or the date of product shipment, none of which require estimation. The Company does not incur a significant amount of contract acquisition costs in conducting franchising activities. The Company's franchising arrangements do not contain a significant financing component.

Company Restaurant Revenue

Sales by company-operated restaurants are recognized when food and beverage items are sold. Company restaurant sales are reported net of sales taxes collected from guests that are remitted to the appropriate taxing authorities.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

4. Revenue Disclosures (Continued)

The following table disaggregates franchise revenue by major type for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
(In thousands)
Franchise Revenue:
Royalties$75,242 $65,767 
Advertising fees70,883 60,885 
Pancake and waffle dry mix sales and other12,931 10,890 
Franchise and development fees2,176 3,434 
Total franchise revenue
$161,232 $140,976 

Accounts and other receivables from franchisees as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 were $68.7 million (net of allowance of $0.7 million) and $66.0 million (net of allowance of $1.1 million), respectively, and were included in receivables, net in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Changes in the Company's contract liability for deferred franchise and development fees during the three months ended March 31, 2022 were as follows:
 Deferred Franchise Revenue (short- and long-term)
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2021$53,346 
Recognized as revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2022(2,049)
Fees deferred during the three months ended March 31, 2022872 
Balance at March 31, 2022$52,169 
The balance of deferred revenue as of March 31, 2022 is expected to be recognized as follows:
(In thousands)
2022 (remaining nine months)$5,271 
5. Current Expected Credit Losses (“CECL”)

The CECL reserve methodology requires companies to measure expected credit losses on financial instruments based on the total estimated amount to be collected over the lifetime of the instrument. Under the CECL model, reserves may be established against financial asset balances even if the risk of loss is remote or has not yet manifested itself. The Company records specific reserves against account balances of franchisees deemed at-risk when a potential loss is likely or imminent as a result of prolonged payment delinquency (greater than 90 days past due) and where notable credit deterioration has become evident. For financial assets that are not currently deemed at-risk, an allowance is recorded based on expected loss rates derived pursuant to the Company's CECL methodology that assesses four components - historical losses, current conditions, reasonable and supportable forecasts, and a reversion to history, if applicable.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

5. Current Expected Credit Losses (Continued)

The Company considers its portfolio segments to be the following:

Accounts Receivable (Franchise-Related)

Most of the Company’s short-term receivables due from franchisees are derived from royalty, advertising and other franchise-related fees.

Gift Card Receivables
Gift card receivables consist primarily of amounts due from third-party vendors. Receivables related to gift card sales are subject to seasonality and usually peak around year-end as a result of the December holiday season.

Notes Receivable

Notes receivable balances primarily relate to the conversion of certain past due Applebee's franchisee accounts receivable to notes receivable, cash loans to franchisees for working capital purposes, a note receivable in connection with the sale of IHOP company restaurants and IHOP franchise fee and other notes. The notes are typically collateralized by the franchise. A significant portion of these notes have specific reserves recorded against them amounting to $9.8 million as of March 31, 2022.

Equipment Leases Receivable

Equipment leases receivable relate to IHOP franchise development activity prior to 2003 when IHOP typically leased or purchased the restaurant site, built and equipped the restaurant, then franchised the restaurant to a franchisee. Equipment lease contracts are collateralized by the equipment in the restaurant. The estimated fair value of the equipment collateralizing these lease contracts are not deemed to be significant given the very seasoned and mature nature of this portfolio. The weighted average remaining life of the Company’s equipment leases is 3.1 years as of March 31, 2022.

Real Estate Leases Receivable
Real estate leases receivable relate to IHOP franchise development activity prior to 2003. IHOP provided the financing for leasing or subleasing the site. Real estate leases at March 31, 2022, comprised 68 leases with a weighted average remaining life of 6.7 years, and relate to locations that IHOP is leasing from third parties and subleasing to franchisees.

Distributor Receivables

Receivables due from distributors are related to the sale of IHOP’s proprietary pancake and waffle dry mix to franchisees through the Company’s network of suppliers and distributors and are included as part of Other receivables.

March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
(In millions)
Accounts receivable$66.0 $63.6 
Gift card receivables5.3 33.4 
Notes receivable18.8 19.7 
Financing receivables:
     Equipment leases receivable31.8 33.4 
     Real estate leases receivable17.7 16.7 
Other7.9 7.6 
147.5 174.4 
Less: allowance for credit losses(10.8)(11.9)
136.7 162.5 
Less: current portion(94.0)(120.0)
Long-term receivables$42.7 $42.5 


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

5. Current Expected Credit Losses (Continued)

The Company's primary credit quality indicator for all portfolio segments is delinquency. Changes in the allowance for credit losses during the three months ended March 31, 2022 were as follows:
Accounts ReceivableNotes receivable, short-termNotes receivable, long-termLease ReceivablesEquipment Notes
Other (1)
 (In millions)
Balance, December 31, 2021$1.0 $3.8 $6.6 $0.2 $0.1 $0.2 $11.9 
Bad debt (credit) expense(0.1)0.1 (0.3)(0.0)0.0 0.0 (0.3)
Advertising provision adjustment(0.0)(0.0)(0.2)   (0.2)
Write-offs(0.2)(0.3)   (0.2)(0.7)
Recoveries0.1    0.0  0.1 
Balance, March 31, 2022$0.8 $3.6 $6.1 $0.2 $0.1 $0.0 $10.8 
(1) Primarily distributor receivables, gift card receivables and credit card receivables

The delinquency status of receivables (other than accounts receivable, gift card receivables and distributor receivables) at March 31, 2022 was as follows:
Notes receivable, short-termNotes receivable, long-termLease ReceivablesEquipment Notes
Other (1)
 (In millions)
Current$4.5 $12.7 $17.7 $31.8 $2.6 $69.3 
30-59 days0.1     0.1 
60-89 days0.0     0.0 
90-119 days0.0     0.0 
120+ days1.5     1.5 
Total$6.1 $12.7 $17.7 $31.8 $2.6 $70.9 
(1) Primarily credit card receivables

The year of origination of the Company's notes receivable and financing receivables is as follows:
Notes receivable, short and long-termLease ReceivablesEquipment NotesTotal
 (In millions)
2022$0.3 $2.9 $ $3.2 
202112.2 2.6  14.8 
20200.5 1.4  1.9 
20190.2 0.8  1.0 
2018   0.0 
20175.5   5.5 
Prior0.1 10.0 31.8 41.9 
Total$18.8 $17.7 $31.8 $68.3 

The Company does not place its financing receivables in non-accrual status.

6. Lease Disclosures

The Company engages in leasing activity as both a lessee and a lessor. The Company currently leases from third parties the real property on which approximately 540 IHOP franchisee-operated restaurants and one Applebee's franchisee-operated restaurant are located; the Company (as lessor) subleases the property to the franchisees that operate those restaurants. The Company also leases property it owns to the franchisees that operate approximately 50 IHOP restaurants and one Applebee's restaurant. The Company leases from third parties the real property on which 69 Applebee's company-operated restaurants are located. The Company also leases office space for its principal corporate office in Glendale, California and restaurant support centers in Leawood, Kansas and Raleigh, North Carolina. The Company does not have a significant amount of non-real estate leases.

Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

6. Lease Disclosures (Continued)

The Company's existing leases/subleases related to IHOP restaurants generally provide for an initial term of 20 to 25 years, with most having one or more five-year renewal options. Leases related to Applebee's restaurants generally have an initial term of 10 to 20 years, with renewal terms of five to 20 years. Option periods were not included in determining liabilities and right-of-use assets related to operating leases. Approximately 260 of the Company's leases met the sales levels that required variable rent payments to the Company (as lessor), based on a percentage of restaurant sales during the three months ended March 31, 2022. Approximately 40 of the leases met the sales levels that required variable rent payments by the Company (as lessee), based on a percentage of restaurant sales during the three months ended March 31, 2022.

The Company's lease cost for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was as follows:
Three months ended March 31,
(In millions)
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of right-of-use assets
$1.1 $1.2 
Interest on lease liabilities
1.3 1.5 
Operating lease cost(1)
21.1 21.3 
Variable lease cost1.7 0.3 
Short-term lease cost0.0 0.0 
Sublease income(26.4)(24.2)
Lease (income) cost$(1.2)$0.1 
(1)Operating lease cost for the three months ended March 31, 2021 previously disclosed as $25.1 million was overstated due to the inclusion of certain finance lease activity. The correct operating lease cost for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $21.3 million as reflected in the above table. The overstatement only impacted this note disclosure, and there was no impact to the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income.

Future minimum lease payments under noncancelable leases as lessee as of March 31, 2022 were as follows:
 (In millions)
2022 (remaining nine months)$10.8 $69.2 
202311.9 77.8 
202410.2 73.3 
20258.5 60.7 
20267.9 51.2 
Thereafter48.4 135.4 
Total minimum lease payments97.7 467.6 
Less: interest/imputed interest(26.6)(81.5)
Total obligations71.1 386.1 
Less: current portion(9.9)(72.5)
Long-term lease obligations$61.2 $313.6 

The weighted average remaining lease term as of March 31, 2022 was 9.9 years for finance leases and 6.7 years for operating leases. The weighted average discount rate as of March 31, 2022 was 10.0% for finance leases and 5.5% for operating leases.


Dine Brands Global, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

6. Lease Disclosures (Continued)

During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company made the following cash payments for leases:
Three months ended March 31,
(In millions)
Principal payments on finance lease obligations$2.3 $2.6 
Interest payments on finance lease obligations$1.3 $1.5 
Payments on operating leases$23.0 $23.0 
Variable lease payments$2.1 $0.3 

The Company's income from operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was as follows:
Three months ended March 31,
(In millions)
Minimum lease payments$24.4 $23.8 
Variable lease income3.9 1.6 
Total operating lease income$28.3 $25.4 

Minimum payments to be received as lessor under noncancelable operating leases as of March 31, 2022 were as follows:
 (In millions)
2022 (remaining nine months)$76.8 
Total minimum rents receivable$539.6 

The Company's income from real estate leases for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 was as follows:
Three months ended March 31,
 (In millions)
Interest income$0.4 $0.6 
Variable lease income0.1 0.1 
Total real estate lease income$0.5 $0.7 

Minimum payments to be received as lessor under noncancelable real estate leases as of March 31, 2022 were as follows:
 (In millions)
2022 (remaining nine months)$5.3 
Total minimum rents receivable14.2 
Less: unearned income(2.1)
Total net investment in real estate leases12.1 
Less: current portion(5.7)
Long-term investment in real estate leases $6.4