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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 0-25464
dollartreeiconcmyka67.gif
DOLLAR TREE, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia26-2018846
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
500 Volvo Parkway
Chesapeake,Virginia23320
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (757) 321-5000

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per shareDLTRNASDAQ Global Select Market
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act:
None
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
YesNo
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
YesNo


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant’s executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to § 240.10D-1(b).
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes No
The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant on July 28, 2023, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was $31,570,609,673, based upon the closing sale price for the registrant’s common stock on such date. For purposes of this computation, all executive officers and directors have been deemed to be affiliates. Such determination should not be deemed to be an admission that such executive officers and directors are, in fact, affiliates of the registrant.
On March 18, 2024, there were 217,983,018 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
The information called for in Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 of Part III, to the extent not set forth herein, is incorporated by reference to the definitive Proxy Statement for the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days of the registrant’s fiscal year ended February 3, 2024.
2


DOLLAR TREE, INC.
FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED FEBRUARY 3, 2024
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  Page
 PART I 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 1C.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 PART II 
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B.
Item 9C.
 PART III 
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14.
 PART IV 
Item 15.
Item 16.
3

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the fact that they address future events, developments and results and do not relate strictly to historical facts. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical facts may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements preceded by, followed by or including words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “view,” “target” or “estimate,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “predict,” “possible,” “potential,” “continue,” “strategy,” and similar expressions. For example, our forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding:
Our plans and expectations regarding our current and future strategic initiatives, and the uncertainty with respect to the amount, timing and impact of those initiatives and investments on our business and results of operations;
Our merchandising plans and initiatives and related impacts, including those regarding product and brand assortment, merchandisable space and store layout, cooler and freezer expansions, private brand products and planogram and category resets in the Family Dollar segment, multi-price assortments in the Dollar Tree segment, and our ability to adjust pricing;
Our plans to add, renovate and remodel stores, including our plans relating to emerging store formats such as H2.5, rural and XSB formats for Family Dollar stores as discussed under “Item 1. Business,” and our expectations regarding store standards and operations, efficiency initiatives, selling square footage and the performance of those formats;
Our customer’s response to our product offerings, value and shopping experience;
Our expectations regarding the implementation and impact of investments in supply chain, distribution facilities, trucking fleet and transportation management systems, and store delivery and equipment, including new distribution centers, the expansion of existing distribution centers, and the capabilities of our distribution center network;
Our expectations regarding the implementation and impact of investments in our technology infrastructure, our information security and cybersecurity plans, policies and procedures, and the design and implementation of internal controls around our technology transformation;
Our plans to close, relocate or re-banner stores as a result of our store portfolio optimization review;
The potential effect of general business or economic conditions on our business, including the direct and indirect effects of inflation, labor shortages, consumer spending levels, and unemployment in our markets;
Our expectations regarding cost increases in fiscal 2024, shrink and other factors affecting our profitability;
Our expectations regarding the implementation and impact of wage investments, enhanced safety and working conditions, and other workforce investments and goals, and increases in wage expenses, including increases in minimum wages by federal, states and localities, and a potential increase in the minimum salary for exempt store managers;
Our anticipated net sales, comparable store net sales, net sales growth, gross profit margin, costs of goods sold (including product mix), shrink rates, earnings and earnings growth, inventory levels, selling, general and administrative and other fixed costs, and our ability to leverage those costs;
The expected and possible outcome, costs, and impact of pending or potential litigation, arbitrations, other legal proceedings or governmental investigations, including proceedings arising out of or relating to issues associated with Family Dollar’s West Memphis, Arkansas distribution center, our plans regarding these matters, and the availability of indemnification or insurance with respect to such matters;
Our cash needs and estimated capital expenditures, our expectations regarding our uses of cash and proceeds of our commercial paper program, and our ability to fund our future capital expenditures, working capital requirements, repayment of indebtedness and repurchases of common stock under our repurchase program, and our expectations regarding potential increases in interest rates and the effect on our revolving credit facility;
Our expectations regarding higher commodity and other costs associated with the build-out of new stores and the renovation of existing stores, limitations on the availability of certain fixtures and equipment, and inspection, permitting and contractor delays related to new store openings and renovations of existing stores;
Our leasing strategy for future expansion, and our ability to renew leases at existing store locations;
Our expectations regarding competition, our market and our potential for long-term growth;
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Our expectations related to environmental, social and governance matters;
Management’s estimates and expectations as they relate to income tax liabilities, effective tax rates, deferred income taxes, uncertain tax positions, and recognition of stock-based compensation; and
Management’s estimates associated with our critical accounting estimates, including inventory valuation, self-insurance liabilities and valuations for our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment analyses.
A forward-looking statement is neither a prediction nor a guarantee of future results, events or circumstances. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our forward-looking statements are all based on currently available operating, financial and business information. The outcome of the events described in these forward-looking statements is subject to a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, the risks and uncertainties discussed under “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Form 10-K.
We cannot assure you that the results, events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and actual results, events or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. Moreover, new risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on our forward-looking statements.
We do not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this Form 10-K, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
Investors should also be aware that while we do, from time to time, communicate with securities analysts and others, it is against our policy to disclose to them any material, nonpublic information or other confidential commercial information. Accordingly, shareholders should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any securities analyst regardless of the content of the statement or report. Furthermore, we have a policy against confirming projections, forecasts or opinions issued by others. Thus, to the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain any projections, forecasts or opinions, such reports are not our responsibility.
Introductory Note
Unless otherwise stated, references to “we,” “our” and “us” generally refer to Dollar Tree, Inc. and its direct and indirect subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. Unless specifically indicated otherwise, any references to “fiscal 2024,” “fiscal 2023,” “fiscal 2022,” and “fiscal 2021,” relate to as of or for the years ended February 1, 2025, February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022, respectively.
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PART I
Item 1. Business
Overview
We are a leading operator of retail discount stores operating under the brand names of Dollar Tree, Family Dollar and Dollar Tree Canada. At February 3, 2024, we operated 16,774 retail discount stores across 48 states and five Canadian provinces. Over the long-term, we believe that the market can support more than 10,000 Dollar Tree stores and 15,000 Family Dollar stores across the United States, and approximately 1,000 Dollar Tree stores in Canada. We believe the convenience and value we offer are key factors in serving and growing our base of loyal customers.
We operate in two reporting business segments: Dollar Tree and Family Dollar. For discussion of the operating results of our reporting business segments, refer to “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the caption “Segment Information” and Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements.
We execute a dual-banner strategy that aims to offer the best of our brands in various store formats to serve customers in all types of geographic markets. Dollar Tree is the leading operator of discount variety stores offering merchandise predominantly at the $1.25 price point, with a growing range of additional price points. Dollar Tree stores serve customers with a broad range of income levels in suburban locations, striving continuously to “Wow” the customer with a compelling, fun and fresh merchandise assortment comprised of a variety of the things the customer wants and needs, all at incredible values in bright, clean and friendly stores. Family Dollar operates general merchandise retail discount stores providing customers with a selection of competitively-priced merchandise in convenient neighborhood stores. Family Dollar primarily serves a lower-than-average income customer in urban and rural locations, offering great values on everyday items.
We are committed to growing our business through new store openings, expanded geographies, improved product offerings, store renovations and remodeling, investments in our workforce and other initiatives to modernize and optimize our stores, our supply chain and distribution network and our technology. These initiatives are discussed further below and in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Corporate Culture
At Dollar Tree and Family Dollar our core values drive how we treat our customers and each other to support a welcoming shopping experience and an engaging work environment. At every level of our organization, we build our culture by serving with accountability, inspiring belonging, championing empowerment, operating with excellence, and acting with integrity. With new senior leadership throughout the organization, we focus our ways of working on open, frequent communication and approach our roles with a continuous improvement mindset. Our new communication vehicles foster two-way dialogue and offer continuous touchpoints for associates to hear about our strategy, values and ways of working, learn from senior leaders about our business progress and connect with one another. Additionally, our people programs, as well as our meaningful focus on diversity, equity, inclusion and belonging, reinforce our shared values and behaviors. For more information, see the “Our People” section below.
Dollar Tree
The Dollar Tree segment includes 8,415 stores operating under the Dollar Tree and Dollar Tree Canada brands, 15 distribution centers in the United States and two in Canada as of February 3, 2024. Our stores predominantly range from 8,000 - 10,000 selling square feet. We continue to expand our brand assortment at the $1.25 price point to provide greater value for our customers and increase customer traffic and store productivity. We are continuing to expand our multi-price product assortment, which began with our introduction of $3 and $5 Dollar Tree Plus product in select discretionary categories, expanded into $3, $4 and $5 frozen and refrigerated product, and now comprises a wide assortment of other consumable and discretionary product. Through a partnership with Instacart, our customers can shop online and receive same-day delivery from more than 7,500 Dollar Tree stores, as of February 3, 2024, without having to visit a store.
In our Dollar Tree Canada stores, we generally sell items for $1.50(CAD) or less. Our revenue and assets in Canada are not material.
We strive to exceed our customers’ expectations of the variety and quality of products they can purchase by offering items we believe typically sell for higher prices elsewhere. Merchandise imported directly typically accounts for approximately 41% - 43% of our total retail value purchases, with the remaining merchandise purchased domestically. Among our foreign suppliers, China is the source of a vast majority of our direct imports and we believe that a significant portion of our goods purchased from domestic vendors is imported. Our domestic purchases include basic, home, closeouts and promotional merchandise. We believe our mix of imported and domestic merchandise affords our buyers flexibility that enables them to consistently exceed our customers’ expectations. In addition, direct relationships with manufacturers permit us to select from a broad range of products and customize packaging, product sizes and package quantities that best meet our customers’ needs.
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We carry approximately 8,000 items in our Dollar Tree stores, and as of the end of fiscal 2023 approximately 27% of our items were automatically replenished. The remaining items are either allocated to the stores or managed by direct store delivery (“DSD”) vendors. Through automatic replenishment, store-specific allocations and DSD vendors, each store is able to satisfy the demands of their particular customer base.
We maintain a balanced selection of products within traditional variety store categories. We offer a wide selection of everyday basic products and we supplement these with seasonal, closeout and promotional merchandise. We attempt to keep certain basic consumable merchandise in our stores continuously to establish our stores as a destination and increase traffic in our stores. Closeout and promotional merchandise is purchased opportunistically and represents less than 10% of our purchases.
The merchandise mix in our Dollar Tree stores consists of:
Consumable merchandise, which includes everyday consumables such as household paper and chemicals, food, candy, health and personal care products, and in most stores, frozen and refrigerated food;
Discretionary merchandise, which includes the following:
Variety merchandise, which includes toys, durable housewares, gifts, stationery, party goods, greeting cards, softlines, arts and crafts supplies and other items; and
Seasonal goods, which include, among others, Christmas, Easter, Halloween and Valentine’s Day merchandise.
For information regarding the amounts and percentages of our net sales contributed by the above merchandise categories for the last three fiscal years, please refer to Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements.
Family Dollar
The Family Dollar segment includes 8,359 stores operating under the Family Dollar brand and ten distribution centers as of February 3, 2024. In our Family Dollar stores, we sell merchandise at prices that generally range from $1.00 to $10.00. Historically, our stores have predominantly ranged from 6,000 - 8,000 selling square feet. We are continuing to implement our store design initiatives at Family Dollar which provide significantly improved merchandise offerings and establish a minimum number of cooler doors. We tailor space and assortment to local demographics with emerging formats including H2.5, our primary store format with 6,700 - 8,700 selling square feet, optimized layout and expanded frozen and refrigerated doors; larger rural stores with more than 8,700 selling square feet and assortments that may include Dollar Tree product; and XSB (Extra Small Box), which has less than 6,700 selling square feet and adds elements of H2.5 optimized to our smaller stores, particularly in urban markets. As of February 3, 2024, our customers can shop online via Instacart and receive same-day delivery from more than 7,300 Family Dollar stores without having to visit a store.
Our Family Dollar stores provide customers with a quality, high-value assortment of basic necessities and seasonal merchandise. We offer competitively-priced national brands from leading manufacturers alongside name brand equivalent-value, lower-priced private labels. We continue to introduce new private brands at Family Dollar, convert control brands to private brands and align our “Family” brand message across key categories. We purchase merchandise from a wide base of suppliers and generally have not experienced difficulty in obtaining adequate quantities of merchandise. In fiscal 2023, we purchased approximately 15% of our merchandise at retail value through our relationship with McLane Company, Inc., which distributes consumable merchandise from multiple manufacturers. In addition, merchandise imported directly typically accounts for approximately 15% - 17% of our total retail value purchases. Among our foreign suppliers, China is the source of a vast majority of our direct imports and we believe that a significant portion of our goods purchased from domestic vendors is imported.
While the number of items in a given store can vary based on the store’s size, geographic location, merchandising initiatives and other factors, our typical Family Dollar store generally carries approximately 11,800 items, and as of the end of fiscal 2023 approximately 75% of our items were automatically replenished. Across all of Family Dollar’s formats we are expanding our SKUs, continuing to add cooler doors, increasing our standard shelf profile, and implementing planogram and category resets.
The merchandise mix in our Family Dollar stores consists of:
Consumable merchandise, which includes food and beverages, tobacco, health and personal care products, household chemicals, paper products, hardware and automotive supplies, diapers, batteries, and pet food and supplies;
Discretionary merchandise, which includes the following:
Home products, which include housewares, home décor, giftware, and domestics, including comforters, sheets and towels;
Apparel and accessories merchandise, which includes clothing, fashion accessories and shoes; and
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Seasonal and electronics merchandise, which includes Christmas, Easter, Halloween and Valentine’s Day merchandise, personal electronics, including pre-paid cellular phones and services, stationery and school supplies, and toys.
For information regarding the amounts and percentages of our net sales contributed by the above merchandise categories for the last three fiscal years, please refer to Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements.
During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, we announced that we had initiated a comprehensive store portfolio optimization review which involved identifying stores for closure, relocation or re-bannering based on an evaluation of current market conditions and individual store performance, among other factors. As a result of this portfolio optimization review, we plan to close approximately 970 underperforming Family Dollar stores, including approximately 600 stores to be closed in the first half of fiscal 2024, and approximately 370 stores to be closed at the end of each store's current lease term. Additionally, we identified approximately 30 underperforming Dollar Tree stores for closure and plan to close each store at the end of the store's current lease term. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements for additional information on the store portfolio optimization review.
Marketing & Retail Media
We believe the customer experience is important to the success of our business. Our marketing efforts are focused on providing value to our customers through advancing our capabilities and delivering on our brand promise of ‘Helping you do more.’ In the third quarter of fiscal 2023, we launched a new app for Family Dollar with the goal of offering improved product discovery and engagement with our smart coupon program, as well as to provide opportunities for our vendor partners to market their products through our app. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, we entered into a multi-year sponsorship agreement with a NASCAR Cup Series racing team, which will spotlight the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar brands as well as the brands of our vendor partners.
Purchasing
We believe our substantial buying power and our flexibility in making sourcing decisions contributes to our successful purchasing strategy, which includes targeted merchandise margin goals by category. We leverage our merchandising team to source products that can be sold in both Dollar Tree and Family Dollar stores. We also believe our ability to negotiate with our vendor partners enables us to manage the margin impact of economic pressures. We primarily buy products on an order-by-order basis and have no material long-term purchase contracts or other assurances of continued product supply or guaranteed product cost. Historically, no merchandise vendor has accounted for more than 10% of total merchandise purchased by the company.
Distribution
A strong and efficient distribution network is critical to our ability to grow and to maintain a low-cost operating structure. We currently operate 25 distribution centers in the United States, 15 of which are primarily dedicated to serving our Dollar Tree stores and ten distribution centers serve our Family Dollar stores. New distribution sites are strategically located to reduce the distance between the distribution centers and stores, maintain flexibility and improve efficiency in our store service areas. In fiscal 2024, we expect to re-open our West Memphis, Arkansas distribution center and to complete a significant expansion of our Ocala, Florida distribution center which will include enhanced automation. We continue to make investments in our trucking fleet and transportation management systems and a new RotaCart delivery process to streamline the truck unloading and store delivery process. A RotaCart is a wheeled container that allows quick, easy store deliveries loaded by merchandise family groups. The RotaCarts are nestable, allowing for easy return to the distribution centers.
Our Dollar Tree stores receive approximately 90% of their inventory from our distribution centers and our Family Dollar stores receive approximately 70% of their inventory from our distribution centers. The remaining store inventory, primarily perishable consumable items and other vendor-maintained display items, are delivered directly to our stores from vendors or third party distributors. Approximately 15% of the merchandise in Family Dollar stores is distributed by McLane Company, Inc. For more information on our distribution center network, see “Item 2. Properties.”
Distribution services in Canada are provided by a third party from facilities in British Columbia and Ontario.
Seasonality

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Competition
We operate in the discount retail sector, which is currently and is expected to continue to be highly competitive with respect to price, store location, merchandise quality, assortment and presentation, and customer service, including merchandise delivery and checkout options. Our competitors include dollar stores, mass merchandisers, online retailers, discount retailers, drug stores, convenience stores, independently-operated discount stores, grocery stores and a wide variety of other retailers. These other retail companies operate stores in many of the areas where we operate, and many of them engage in extensive advertising and marketing efforts. We believe we differentiate ourselves from other retailers by providing high-value, high-quality, low-cost merchandise in attractively-designed stores that are conveniently located.
Government Regulation
We are subject to a wide variety of local, state and federal laws and regulations within the United States and Canada. These laws and regulations relate to, among other things, the operation of our facilities and the sale of products, including without limitation product and food safety, marketing and labeling; labor and employment, including wage and hour, benefits, healthcare and workplace safety; pricing; antitrust and fair competition; privacy and information security; tariff and trade; energy and environmental protection; financial reporting and disclosure; licensing; intellectual property; and taxes. We routinely incur significant compliance-related costs, both direct and indirect, with respect to these laws and regulations which may have a material effect on our capital expenditures, earnings or competitive position. For more information, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors.”
Intellectual Property
We are the owners of several trademarks including “Dollar Tree,” the “Dollar Tree” logo, “Family Dollar,” “Family Dollar Stores” and other names and designs of certain merchandise sold in our Dollar Tree and Family Dollar stores. Our trademarks are generally valid and may be renewed indefinitely as long as they are in use and/or their registrations are properly maintained.
Our People
Our business success, customer satisfaction and employee engagement are built upon our dedicated associates who work and live in the communities we serve. Our goal is to provide a work environment that is welcoming and inclusive, offers competitive pay and benefits, supports growth and development, and affirms our corporate values. We recruit and hire in the communities we serve using associate referrals, local job fairs and social media as well as local community service partners to provide part-time and full-time jobs that can become lasting careers. Our Human Resources team, with oversight from our Board of Directors and its committees, develops and executes programs for compensation and benefits, onboarding and training, professional and leadership development, performance management, recognition and succession planning.
We show care for our people by investing in their personal well-being and professional growth through a variety of people programs and initiatives, including:
Compensation, benefits and well-being. We are committed to providing market-competitive pay for all positions, and we are a pay-for-performance organization, offering performance-based compensation opportunities at nearly all levels of the organization, including certain hourly-paid positions. In the last year, we made approximately $175.0 million in annualized wage investments across the organization, which includes $60.5 million of statutorily required minimum wage increases. We strive to ensure gender and racial pay equity for associates performing equal or substantially similar work. Eligible associates can participate in our Retirement Savings Plan, which provides a dollar-for-dollar match on the first 5% of associate contributions, and all associates can participate in our Employee Stock Purchase Plan. All full-time and part-time associates are eligible for health and welfare benefits, including medical, dental and vision. Associates may be eligible for other benefits including educational assistance, disability and life insurance as well as paid maternity and parental leave. Financial support to associates recovering from natural disasters and personal hardships as well as a scholarship program for associates with children pursuing higher education are also available. Associates are offered the flexibility to advance their payday earnings to meet their personal bills and expenses.
Talent development and retention. We believe in the growth and development of our associates and are committed to building a culture of learning that gives associates the opportunity to enhance their skills at every stage of their career. To support this objective, we provide a multitude of professional and leadership development experiences, including online and instructor-led trainings, tuition reimbursement for graduate, undergraduate, General Educational Development (“GED”) and English as a Second Language classes, and discounted tuition at hundreds of colleges and universities for our associates and their families. Retention of our associates is a focus for all leaders and we continuously aim to improve our turnover rate. To identify high-potential individuals, leadership assesses talent at the store manager level and above on a regular basis through structured talent reviews and succession planning paired with customized development plans. This focus on talent resulted in more than 48,400 promotions in fiscal 2023. In fiscal 2023 we also started building our first
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leadership academy, focusing on our field district managers and setting the stage for similar programs for other groups of leaders throughout the organization.
Diversity, equity and inclusion (“DEI”). We believe our associates should mirror our highly diverse customer base and the communities we serve, and our DEI efforts strive to inspire belonging both inside and outside our company. Our goal is to create and support a culture of inclusion within a diverse workforce where the unique skills and perspectives of our associates and customers are understood, respected and appreciated. To further this goal, we have continued to build on our DEI Executive Council comprised of senior leaders from every department. The DEI Executive Council provides strategic and tactical leadership support to our Chief Diversity Officer (“CDO”) on all matters related to DEI. The CDO is charged with creating and implementing DEI-focused strategies consistent with our business goals, catalyzing cultural change throughout the organization and driving accountability at the senior management level for progress on key DEI objectives. In addition, we provide associate training on DEI topics and have formed a number of associate resource groups (“ARGs”), including: Asian American Pacific Islander League, Black Advocate Alliance, Champions for Women, Hispanic Heritage Network, Pride, and Veterans Engaging Together in Service. Our objective is to build a platform to encourage professional development, support community outreach, cultivate mentoring, attract diverse talent and promote cross-functional teamwork for all associates. Each ARG is supported by a senior executive sponsor who is a member of the DEI Executive Council, an executive leader and a Human Resources partner to ensure efforts are aligned with the business.
Workplace safety. Safety is a foundational part of our culture, embedded in all aspects of how we run our business. Our expanded Asset Protection department, which includes Environmental, Health and Safety and Workplace Violence teams leads our comprehensive safety programming across all areas of our enterprise. Throughout the organization, we operate with a commitment to “Safety First, Safety Always,” with the shared understanding that a safe working environment is the responsibility of every associate. Through training and technology, we are able to implement measures that protect our associates and customers, and leverage predictive analytics to proactively identify and support stores in need of safety assistance. Furthermore, preventing incidents of workplace violence is a critical aspect of our safety program. Our comprehensive workplace violence prevention efforts focus on five foundational areas of training; investigation; response; prevention and community outreach.
Communication and engagement. We believe that our associates are the most critical part of our business, and supporting an engaging culture where people can do their best work is a top priority for our leaders. Over the last year we have added new channels to foster two-way dialogue and ensure we are listening to our associates and taking action on their feedback. A comprehensive strategic communication plan has been put in place to ensure our associates across the organization hear directly from our executive leaders on a regular basis to remain aligned with key priorities. And Workplace, our internal communication and collaboration tool introduced in fiscal 2023, gives associates a voice as well as visibility into the great work and progress happening across the company. Our annual associate engagement survey and semiannual pulse survey assess and highlight areas of focus that are important to our people, providing managers with quantitative and qualitative feedback directly from their teams. Our robust associate engagement survey process includes action planning to have meaningful impact on our continued cultural evolution.
As of February 3, 2024, we employed more than 211,800 associates, as follows:
Store and Distribution Center Associates
Dollar TreeFamily DollarStore Support Center AssociatesTotal
Full-time Associates29,997 32,844 3,053 65,894 
Part-time Associates101,524 44,403 145,932 
Total131,521 77,247 3,058 211,826 
Part-time associates work an average of less than 30 hours per week, and the number of part-time associates fluctuates depending on seasonal needs.
We consider our relationship with our associates to be good, and have not experienced significant interruptions of operations due to labor disagreements.
Available Information
Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available free of charge on our website at www.dollartree.com as soon as reasonably practicable after electronic filing of such reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
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Item 1A. Risk Factors
An investment in our common stock involves a high degree of risk. Any failure to meet market expectations, including our comparable store net sales growth rate, earnings and earnings per share or new store openings, could cause the market price of our stock to decline. You should carefully consider the specific risk factors listed below together with all other information included or incorporated in this report and other filings that we make from time to time with the SEC, including our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. However, the risks and uncertainties that we face are not limited to those described below and those set forth in our SEC filings. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also arise. In such event, our business, financial condition, results of operations or prospects could be materially adversely affected.
Profitability and Operational Risks
Our profitability is vulnerable to increases in merchandise, shipping, freight and fuel costs, wage and benefit and other operating costs.
Future increases in costs such as the cost of merchandise, wage and benefit costs, ocean shipping rates, domestic freight costs, fuel and energy costs, duties and tariffs, and store occupancy costs would reduce our profitability. We experienced material increases in wage rates and labor costs as well as in shipping rates, freight and fuel costs in prior years, and we expect further increases in certain cost categories in fiscal 2024. In addition to pressures from a tight labor market, we have incurred additional costs as a result of recent minimum wage increases by certain states and localities, and we expect additional minimum wage increases by states and localities in fiscal 2024. In addition, the federal minimum wage may increase depending on the outcome of legislation proposed in Congress, and the current administration has announced it will consider raising the minimum salary for associates who currently have exempt status under the Fair Labor Standards Act. Separately, government or industry actions addressing the impact of climate change, or shifts in customer preferences for more sustainable products, or our adoption of goals or initiatives aligned with related stakeholder expectations may result in increases in our merchandise or operating costs.
In our Dollar Tree segment, we raised our primary price point on merchandise to $1.25 in fiscal 2021. We also continue to implement our multi-price initiative which provides our customers with additional categories priced, for example, at $3, $4 and $5. Although we have increased our price points at our Dollar Tree stores, our ability to adjust our product assortment, to operate more efficiently or to increase our comparable store net sales in order to offset cost increases is critical to maintaining our profitability levels. Supply chain constraints and higher commodity costs could make it more difficult for us to obtain sufficient quantities of certain products and could negatively affect our product assortment and merchandise costs. We can give no assurance that we will be able to adjust our product assortment, operate more efficiently or increase our comparable store net sales in the future. Although Family Dollar, unlike Dollar Tree, can more easily raise the price of merchandise, customers may buy fewer products if prices were to increase. Please see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for further discussion of the effect of economic factors on our operations.
Higher costs and disruptions in our distribution network could have an adverse impact on our sales and profitability.
Our success is dependent on our ability to import or transport merchandise to our distribution centers and store, pick and ship merchandise to our stores in a safe, timely and cost-effective manner, and we are relying on a number of initiatives to improve upon our logistics execution, including new management systems. In addition to our internal distribution network, we also rely heavily on third parties including ocean carriers and truckers. Some of the factors that have had and could have an adverse effect on our distribution network or costs are:
Efficient operations and management. Distribution centers and other aspects of our distribution network are complex and difficult to operate efficiently. If we fail to execute properly, we may not be able to deliver merchandise at the quality and in the quantities and at the times demanded to successfully meet our customers’ demand. We have also experienced and could continue to experience challenges in attracting and retaining an adequate and reliable workforce. Although we have offered enhanced wages in certain markets to address the shortage of labor at our distribution centers, such measures have increased our costs and are expected to continue to increase our costs, which could have an adverse effect on our margins and profitability.
Shipping costs. We have previously experienced significant changes in freight costs. Ocean shipping and other freight costs could increase because of shocks or disruptions in the global supply chain and as freight contracts terminate or renew. A significant increase in our freight costs could have a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations. A return to more normalized costs/rates may lag a decrease in market rates based on the timing of freight contract terms. We have multi-year contracts expiring in 2025 that cover approximately 54% of our import purchase volume.
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Trucking and diesel fuel costs. We have experienced significant increases in trucking costs in recent years due to a truck driver shortage and other factors. The truck driver shortage also required us to increase our use of more expensive surge carriers to transport our merchandise. We have also experienced volatility in diesel fuel costs and are expecting increases to continue in fiscal 2024 and may worsen, for example, because of the impact of international events such as trade restrictions on Russia on oil prices.
Shipping disruptions. We have experienced disruptions in the global supply chain, including issues with shipping capacity, port congestion and pandemic-related port closings and ship diversions. In addition, our supply chain may be disrupted because of other international events such as armed conflict, war, economic sanctions or acts of terrorism. Current tensions in the Red Sea and traffic restrictions through the Panama Canal are causing global supply chain disruptions that could increase ocean shipping costs and transit times. Our receipt of imported merchandise has been and may in the future be disrupted or delayed because of these or other factors. Delays could potentially have a material adverse impact on future product availability, product mix, overall sales, and merchandise margins, especially at Dollar Tree.
Labor disagreement. Labor disagreements, disruptions or strikes, including at ports, rail networks, transportation companies, or other parts of our distribution network may result in lost sales due to shipping delays or disruptions in the delivery of merchandise to our distribution centers or stores and increase our costs.
Vulnerability to natural or man-made disasters, including climate change. A fire, explosion or natural disaster at a port or any of our distribution or store support facilities could result in a loss of merchandise and impair our ability to adequately stock our stores. Some facilities are vulnerable to earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes or floods, and an increase in the severity and frequency of extreme weather events and patterns may increase our operating costs, disrupt manufacturing or our supply chain, change customer buying patterns, result in closures of our stores or distribution and store support centers and impede physical access to our stores.
Direct-to-store deliveries. We rely on a limited number of suppliers for certain consumable merchandise, including frozen and refrigerated products. To the extent that supply chain disruptions and higher costs affect our suppliers, we may be subject to delays or reductions in deliveries and higher costs for merchandise.
We may stop selling or recall certain products for safety-related or other issues.
We may stop selling or recall certain products, including our private label brands, for safety-related or other issues, including product contamination, product content, improper manufacturing or distribution processes, improper testing, product mislabeling or product tampering. We may also stop selling or recall products if the products, the operations of our suppliers, or our operations violate applicable laws or regulations, including food, drug and cosmetic safety laws, or raise potential health and safety-related issues, including improper storage, product mishandling, contamination or other adulteration, or when products or their contents could cause injury, illness or death. Any recall may require significant management attention, and we could experience significant costs, lost sales, compliance or enforcement actions by governmental authorities which could result in fines or other penalties, and/or product liability legal claims and consumer lawsuits. Recalls may also subject us to public claims of false or deceptive advertising and other criticism. A significant product liability or other legal judgment against us, a regulatory enforcement action or a product recall could materially and adversely affect our reputation, financial condition and/or results of operations. Additionally, any product recall may lead to increased scrutiny of our operations by regulatory agencies, requiring further management attention and potential legal fees and other expenses.
We could experience a decline in consumer confidence and spending because of concerns about the quality and safety of our products or our brand standards.
We could experience a decline in consumer confidence and spending if our customers become concerned about the quality and safety of the products we sell. The sale of private brand items is an important component of our sales growth and gross profit rate enhancement plans. The sale and expansion of these offerings also subjects us to or increases certain risks, such as: product liability claims and product recalls; disruptions in raw material and finished product supply and distribution chains; supplier labor and human rights issues, and other risks generally encountered by entities that source, sell and market exclusive branded offerings for retail. Failure to appropriately address these risks could materially and adversely affect our private brand initiatives, reputation, results of operations and financial condition.

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Inflation or other adverse change or downturn in economic conditions could impact our sales or profitability.
A deterioration in economic conditions could reduce consumer spending or cause customers to shift their spending to products we either do not sell or do not sell as profitably. Adverse economic conditions such as a recession could disrupt consumer spending and significantly reduce our sales, decrease our inventory turnover, cause greater markdowns, or reduce our profitability due to lower margins. Other factors that could result in or exacerbate adverse economic conditions include inflation, higher unemployment, consumer debt levels, trade disputes, as well as adverse climate or weather conditions, worsening or new epidemics, terrorism, or international tensions, including armed conflict and economic sanctions.
Furthermore, factors that could adversely affect consumer disposable income could decrease our customers’ spending on products we sell most profitably. In fiscal 2023, we continued to experience a material shift in consumer purchasing from higher-margin discretionary merchandise to lower-margin consumable goods. Factors that could reduce our customers’ disposable income and over which we exercise no influence include inflation in food, housing, fuel or other energy costs, increased unemployment, increases in interest rates, lack of available credit, higher tax rates and other changes in tax laws, increasing healthcare costs, and changes in government subsidies such as unemployment and food assistance programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (“SNAP”). If consumer spending on the goods we sell declines as a result, there could be a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations.
Many of the factors identified above that affect disposable income, as well as our cost of goods sold and our selling, general and administrative expenses, also affect our ability to implement our corporate strategy effectively and may have other adverse consequences which we are unable to fully anticipate or control, all of which may adversely affect our sales or profitability. We have limited or no ability to control many of these factors.
Risks associated with merchandise supply could adversely affect our financial performance.
We are dependent on our vendors, including direct ship vendors, to supply suitable merchandise in a timely and efficient manner at favorable costs. If a vendor fails to deliver on its commitments due to financial or other difficulties, or if we are unable to source an expanded assortment of appropriate product to meet our merchandising strategies, we could experience merchandise shortages which could lead to lost sales or increased merchandise costs if alternative sources must be used.
We rely on the timely availability of imported goods at favorable wholesale prices. Merchandise imported directly typically accounts for approximately 41% - 43% of our Dollar Tree segment’s total retail value purchases and approximately 15% - 17% of our Family Dollar segment’s total retail value purchases. In addition, we believe that a significant portion of our goods purchased from domestic vendors is imported. Imported goods are generally less expensive than domestic goods and result in higher profit margins. A disruption in the flow of our imported merchandise or an increase in the cost of those goods may significantly decrease our profits. Risks associated with our reliance on imported goods may include disruptions in the flow of or increases in the cost of imported goods because of factors such as:
duties, tariffs or other restrictions on trade, including Section 301 tariffs;
raw material shortages, work stoppages, government restrictions, strikes and political unrest, including any impact on vendors or shipping arising from epidemics;
economic crises in the United States or abroad and international disputes or conflicts, including military confrontation, blockade, war and economic sanctions;
changes in currency exchange rates or government policies and local economic conditions, including inflation (including energy prices and raw material costs) in the country of origin;
potential changes to international trade agreements or the failure of the United States to maintain normal trade relations with other countries; and
changes in leadership and the political climate in countries from which we import products and their relations with the United States.
Among our foreign suppliers, China is the source of a vast majority of our direct imports. A disruption in the flow of our imported merchandise from China or an increase in the cost of those goods may significantly decrease our profits. While the United States scaled back punitive Section 301 tariffs on certain Chinese imports based on an agreement reached with China in 2020, the political outlook remains uncertain. The imposition of any new U.S. tariffs on Chinese imports or the taking of other actions against China in the future, and any responses by China, could impair our ability to meet customer demand and could result in lost sales or an increase in our cost of merchandise, which would have a material adverse impact on our business and results of operations.

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Our growth is dependent on our ability to increase sales in existing stores and to expand our square footage profitably.
Existing store sales growth is critical to good operating results and is dependent on a variety of factors, including merchandise quality, relevance and availability, store operations and customer satisfaction. In addition, increased competition could adversely affect our sales. We have embarked on several initiatives to increase our sales and profitability, some of which remain in the early stages. At the same time, the company recently concluded a comprehensive performance review of its store portfolio and announced the closure of approximately 970 Family Dollar and 30 Dollar Tree stores. For more information, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements.
Expanding our square footage profitably depends on a number of uncertainties, including our ability to locate, lease, build out and open or expand stores in suitable locations on a timely basis under favorable economic terms. We also open or expand stores within our established geographic markets, where new or expanded stores may draw sales away from our existing stores. Obtaining an increasing number of profitable stores is an ever-increasing challenge.
In addition, our expansion is dependent upon the company and its third-party developers’ abilities to acquire land, obtain financing, and secure necessary permits and approvals. We have experienced higher commodity and other costs associated with the build-out of new stores and the renovation of existing stores. We have also experienced delays in new store openings and the renovation of existing stores due to inspection, permitting and contractor delays. In addition, we have experienced delays in new store openings due to limitations on the availability of certain fixtures and equipment. We anticipate these increased costs and delays may continue for the foreseeable future, which could adversely affect our sales and profitability. Further, we may not manage our expansion effectively, and our failure to achieve our expansion plans could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our profitability is affected by the mix of products we sell.
Our gross profit margin decreases when we increase the proportion of higher cost goods we sell. For example, some of our consumable products carry higher costs than other goods, so our gross profit margin will be negatively impacted as the percentage of our sales from higher cost consumable products increases. Imported merchandise and private label goods generally carry lower costs than domestic goods. Our product mix is affected by the supply of goods, including imported goods, and could be negatively impacted by various factors, including those described under “Higher costs and disruptions in our distribution network could have an adverse impact on our sales and profitability” on page 11.
In our Family Dollar segment, our success also depends on our ability to select and obtain sufficient quantities of relevant merchandise at prices that allow us to sell such merchandise at profitable and appropriate prices. A sales price that is too high causes products to be less attractive to our customers and our sales at Family Dollar could suffer. We are continuing to refine our pricing strategy at Family Dollar to drive customer loyalty and have a strategic pricing team to improve our value and to increase profitability. Our inability to successfully implement our pricing strategies at Family Dollar could have a negative effect on our business.
In addition, our Family Dollar segment has a substantial number of private brand items, and the number of such items has been increasing. We believe our success in maintaining broad market acceptance of our private brands depends on many factors, including our pricing, costs, quality, customer perception and timely development and introduction of new products. We may not achieve or maintain our expected sales for our private brands and, as a result, our business and results of operations could be adversely impacted. Additionally, the increased number of private brands could negatively impact our existing relationships with our non-private brand suppliers.
Our business is seasonal, and adverse events during the fourth quarter could materially affect our full-year financial results.
Our highest sales periods are during the Christmas and Easter seasons, and we generally realize a disproportionate amount of our net sales and our operating and net income during the fourth quarter. In anticipation, we stock extra inventory and hire many temporary employees to prepare our stores and help ship product from our distribution centers. Lead times for seasonal product purchases are longer and could result in inventory markdowns if sales do not meet expectations. A reduction in sales during these periods could adversely affect our operating results, particularly operating and net income, to a greater extent than if a reduction occurred at other times of the year. Untimely merchandise delays due to receiving or distribution problems could have a similar effect. When Easter is observed earlier in the year, the selling season is shorter and, as a result, our sales could be adversely affected. Easter was observed on April 9, 2023, and will be observed on March 31, 2024.

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Failure to protect our inventory or other assets from loss and theft may impact our financial results.
Risk of loss or theft of assets, including inventory shrinkage, is inherent in the retail business and has recently reached historically high rates. Loss may be caused by error or misconduct of associates, customers, vendors or other third parties including through organized retail crime and professional theft, and may be further impacted by macroeconomic factors, including the enforcement environment, or may be the result of damage or destruction of our inventory by natural disasters. We have experienced charges in the past, and our inability to cost-effectively prevent and/or minimize the loss or theft of assets, or to accurately predict and accrue for the impact of those losses, could adversely affect our operating results.
We have risks related to the security of our facilities including risks of personal injury to customers or associates.
We operate stores and other facilities in locations subject to a risk for crimes of break-ins, theft, property damage, and interpersonal violence, which may include an active shooter or mass casualty/damage event. While we have instituted programs aimed at reducing these risks, particularly of workplace violence, no security or safety program is 100% effective, and there is a risk that they will not prevent the occurrences of such crimes or related harms. Any such incidents of violence could have a negative effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, associate relations or customer reputation.
We face significant pressure from competitors which may reduce our sales and profits.
The retail industry is highly competitive with respect to price, customers, store locations, merchandise quality, product assortment, service offerings, product sourcing, labor, and market share. The marketplace is highly fragmented as many different retailers compete for market share by utilizing a variety of store formats and merchandising strategies, including mobile and online shopping. To remain competitive, we may be required to change our product offering or lower our prices, but our ability to do so may be limited with the result that we could see lower sales or reduced profitability.
We expect competition to increase in the future. There are no significant economic barriers for others to enter our retail sector. Some of our current or potential competitors have greater financial, distribution, marketing and other resources than we do. The substantial growth in e-commerce has also encouraged the entry of many new competitors, new business models, and an increase in competition from established companies looking for ways to create successful online shopping alternatives. We cannot guarantee that we will continue to be able to compete successfully against existing or future competitors, and we believe that doing so may require substantial capital expenditures, for example in technology. Our ability to effectively compete will depend upon our ability to successfully develop and execute on our strategic initiatives. Please see “Item 1. Business” for further discussion of the effect of competition on our operations.
Our business could be adversely affected if we fail to manage our organizational talent and capacity, including attracting and retaining qualified associates and key personnel.
Our growth and performance are dependent on the skills, experience and contributions of our associates, executives and key personnel for both Dollar Tree and Family Dollar. At our stores and distribution centers, we must recruit, develop, train, and retain qualified and diverse associates in relatively large numbers, while also working to decrease turnover in these positions. Our ability to meet labor needs while controlling costs is subject to many external factors, including competition for and availability of qualified personnel, unemployment levels, wage rates and salary levels (including the heightened possibility of increased federal, state and/or local minimum wage rates/salary levels), health and other insurance costs, changes in employment and labor laws or other workplace regulations (including those relating to employee benefit programs such as health insurance and paid leave programs), labor activism, associate safety issues, associate expectations and productivity, and our reputation and relevance within the labor market. If we are unable to attract, develop and retain adequate numbers of qualified associates, our operations, customer service levels, legal and regulatory compliance, and support functions could suffer. In addition, to the extent a significant portion of our associate base unionizes, or attempts to unionize, our labor and other related costs could increase. The potential financial impact of union organization is further compounded by the possibility of federal agencies adopting or imposing changes to existing labor law that could facilitate union organizing. We currently do not have any employees represented by unions. Our ability to pass along labor and other related costs to our customers is constrained by our pricing model, and we may not be able to offset such increased costs elsewhere in our business.
Successful execution of our plans and strategies also depends on the efforts of key management personnel. The labor market for these executives and other key personnel is nationwide in scope and intensely competitive. The loss of such personnel, or the inability to hire, train, motivate and retain them, or to manage changes to our organizational structure and capacity, could, at least temporarily, have an adverse effect on the company’s operating results and financial condition. In addition, failure to develop an adequate succession plan for senior positions could reduce our organizational capabilities and competitive advantage during a transition. Turnover in such positions can disrupt progress in implementing business strategies, result in a loss of institutional knowledge, cause greater workload demands for remaining team members and divert attention away from key areas of the business, or otherwise negatively impact the company’s growth prospects or future operating results.
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We rely on third parties in many aspects of our business, which creates additional risk.
Due to the scale and scope of our business, we must rely on relationships with third parties, including our suppliers, distributors, landlords, contractors, and external business partners. If we are unable to effectively manage our third-party relationships and the agreements under which our third-party partners operate, our results of operations and cash flows could be adversely impacted. Further, failure of these third parties to meet their obligations to the company or substantial disruptions in the relationships between the company and these third parties could adversely impact our operations and financial results. Additionally, while we have policies and procedures for managing these relationships, they inherently involve a lesser degree of control over business operations, governance and compliance, thereby potentially increasing our financial, legal, reputational and operational risk.
In fiscal 2023, we purchased and delivered approximately 15% of our merchandise for our Family Dollar segment, and to a lesser extent for our Dollar Tree segment, through our relationship with McLane Company, Inc., which distributes consumable merchandise from multiple manufacturers. We also rely on third parties to deliver frozen and refrigerated product, as well as chocolate in the summer, to our Dollar Tree stores.
Risks Relating to Strategic Initiatives
We may not be successful in implementing or in anticipating the impact of important strategic initiatives, and our plans for implementing such initiatives may be altered or delayed due to various factors, which may have an adverse impact on our business and financial results.
We continue to execute on a number of strategic initiatives across the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar banners to drive productive sales growth and improve operating efficiency, including, among others:
We continue to expand our Dollar Tree brand assortment at the $1.25 price point and expand our multi-price product assortment.
Our initiatives at Family Dollar provide tailored store formats and significantly improved merchandise offerings.
Our comprehensive store portfolio optimization review to improve profitability by identifying candidates for closure or re-bannering.
Across both banners, we have initiatives to provide competitive pay and benefits, enhanced training, and other projects to support our workforce as well as initiatives to optimize and modernize our stores.
Our supply chain initiatives include optimizing our transportation network and distribution methods.
We continue our significant investments in our technology across our business, including our store network and point-of-sale, merchandising and supply chain.
The implementation, timing and results of these complex strategic initiatives are subject to various risks and uncertainties, which may require that we make significant estimates and assumptions in our planning. These initiatives place significant demands on our accounting, financial, information technology, and other systems, and on our business overall. We are dependent on our management’s ability to oversee these initiatives effectively and implement them successfully. If our estimates and assumptions about our initiatives are incorrect, or if we miscalculate the resources or time, we need to complete them or fail to execute on them effectively, our pursuit of these initiatives may increase our costs and reduce our margins and profitability.
To be effective, our strategies have and will continue to require significant investment in cross-functional operations and management focus, along with supporting investments. If we are unable to attract and retain employees or contract with third parties having the specialized skills needed to support our efforts, implement improvements to systems in a timely manner, our ability to compete and our results of operations could be adversely affected. In addition, if initiatives related to our multi-priced merchandise at Dollar Tree, new store concepts and merchandise offerings at Family Dollar, and improved customer experience do not appeal to our customers or if we are unable to consistently meet our brand execution promises in a cost-effective manner, we may experience a loss of customer confidence or lost sales, which could adversely affect our reputation and results of operations.
A failure to properly execute our plans and business strategies, delays in executing our plans and business strategies, increased costs associated with executing on our plans and business strategies, or failure to identify alternative strategies could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

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We have incurred losses due to impairment of goodwill and other long-lived assets.
Under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, we review our long-lived assets for impairment whenever economic events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. Identifiable intangible assets with an indefinite useful life, including goodwill, are not amortized but are evaluated annually for impairment. An evaluation is also performed if events or circumstances indicate that impairment could have occurred.
For example, in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023 the company initiated a comprehensive store portfolio optimization review, and its recently announced decisions to close approximately 970 underperforming Family Dollar stores and approximately 30 underperforming Dollar Tree stores has led to additional impairments of related assets. The Family Dollar goodwill and trade name comprise a substantial portion of our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets and management’s judgment utilized in the Family Dollar goodwill and trade name impairment evaluations is critical. Please refer to “Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions” in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Should we experience business challenges or significant negative industry or general economic trends, we could recognize additional impairments to our goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets. We monitor key assumptions and other factors utilized in our impairment analysis, and if business or other market conditions develop that are materially different than we currently anticipate, we will conduct an additional impairment evaluation. Any reduction in or impairment of assets will result in a charge against earnings, which could have a material adverse impact on our reported results of operations and financial condition. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, we recorded a $1,069.0 million non-cash goodwill impairment charge, a $950.0 million non-cash trade name impairment charge, and a $503.9 million non-cash store asset impairment charge. For additional information on recent impairments, please refer to Note 15 and Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements.
Cybersecurity and Technology Risks
We rely on computer and technology systems in our operations, and any material failure, inadequacy, interruption or security failure of those systems, including because of a cyberattack, could harm our ability to effectively operate and grow our business and could adversely affect our financial results.
We rely extensively on our computer and technology systems and, in certain cases, those of third-party service providers to support nearly all key functions in our business, including managing inventory, operating our stores, processing credit card and customer transactions and summarizing results. Our ability to effectively manage our business and coordinate the distribution and sale of our merchandise depends significantly on the capabilities, confidentiality, integrity and availability of these systems and on our ability to successfully acquire and integrate upgraded or replacement systems as needed to support our business requirements and strategic initiatives. We also rely on third-party providers and platforms for many of these computer and technology systems and support.
Although we have operational safeguards in place, they may not be effective in preventing the failure of these systems or platforms to operate effectively and be available to us. This may be as the result of deliberate breach in the security of these systems or platforms by bad actors, including through malicious software, ransomware and other cyberattacks, which may originate from state actors and may increase during times of international tensions. Failures may also be caused by various other factors, including power outages, catastrophic events, physical theft, computer and network failures, inadequate or ineffective redundancy, obsolescence or failure of vendor support, flaws in third-party software or services, errors or improper use by our employees or third-party service providers.
To support the growth of our business, we are making substantial investments in our information technology systems. Transitioning to these new or upgraded processes and systems requires significant capital investments and personnel resources. Implementation is also highly dependent on the coordination of numerous associates, contractors and software and system providers. While these efforts have resulted in improvements to our operational systems, we expect to continue to incur expenses to implement additional improvements and upgrades to our systems. Many of these expenditures have been and may continue to be incurred in advance of the realization of any direct benefits to our business. We cannot guarantee that we will be successful at improving our operational systems, or that our efforts will result in the anticipated benefits to us. We may also experience difficulties in implementing or operating our new or upgraded operational or IT systems, including, but not limited to, ineffective or inefficient operations, significant system failures, system outages, delayed implementation and loss of system availability, which could lead to increased implementation and/or operational costs, loss or corruption of data, delayed shipments, excess inventory and interruptions of operations resulting in lost sales and/or profits. If our information technology systems, upgrades and associated change management are not adequate to support our business and our strategic initiatives, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected, and our business may become less competitive.

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The potential unauthorized access to our systems could disrupt operations or lead to the theft of data which may violate privacy laws and could damage our business reputation, subject us to negative publicity, litigation and costs, and adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition.
Many of our information technology systems, such as those we use for our point-of-sale, web and mobile platforms, including online and mobile payment systems, and for administrative functions, including human resources, payroll, accounting, and internal and external communications, contain personal, financial or other confidential information that is entrusted to us by our customers and associates as well as proprietary and other confidential information related to our business and suppliers.
We are exposed to persistent and substantial risks from cybersecurity threats, as the number of cyberattacks targeting retailers and corporate networks grows, and the volume, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks, intrusions and threats from around the world increase daily. Both we and our vendors have experienced data security incidents; however, to date, these incidents have not been material to our results of operations. The security measures that we and/or our third-party partners put in place cannot provide absolute security to prevent harm to our systems or safeguard our customers’ personal information (including debit and credit card information), our associates’ private data, suppliers’ data, and our business records and intellectual property and other sensitive information.
Cybercriminals, who may include well-funded state actors or organized criminal groups, are rapidly evolving their cyberattack techniques and tactics, which are becoming increasingly more sophisticated and challenging to detect. We and/or our third-party suppliers may be vulnerable to and unable to anticipate, detect, and appropriately respond to cybersecurity attacks, including data security breaches and data loss.
We are also subject to laws and regulations in various jurisdictions in which we operate regarding privacy, data protection and data security, including those related to the collection, storage, handling, use, disclosure, transfer and security of personal data of customers, associates, or others. These laws permit regulators to assess potentially significant fines for data privacy violations and may create a right for individuals to bring class action suits seeking damages for violations. Our efforts to comply with consumer privacy laws and other similar privacy and data protection laws may impose significant costs and challenges that are likely to increase over time, and we could incur substantial penalties or be subject to litigation related to violation of existing or future data privacy laws and regulations.
Likewise, we are subject to the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (“PCI-DSS”) which is mandated by the card brands and administered through the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council. As a Level 1 Merchant, we are subject to assessment and attestation for PCI-DSS compliance on an annual basis. A failure to meet and maintain compliance with PCI-DSS requirements could result in our inability to continue to accept credit cards as a form of payment, which would materially impact our ability to sell our products. In addition, our credibility and reputation within the business community and with our customers may be affected, which could result in our customers discontinuing the use of debit or credit cards in our stores or not shopping in our stores altogether. Non-compliance with PCI-DSS requirements also may subject us to recurring and accumulating fines until compliance is achieved. Considerable investments to strengthen our information security could also be required should we ever be deemed to be non-compliant. We are currently in compliance with the PCI-DSS standards.
Moreover, significant additional capital investments and other expenditures could also be required to continue to strengthen our overall cybersecurity posture and prevent future security breaches, including costs associated with additional security technologies, personnel, experts and services (e.g., credit-monitoring services) for those whose data has been breached. These costs, which could be material, could adversely impact our results of operations in the period in which they are incurred and may not meaningfully limit the success of future attempts to breach our information technology systems.
The unavailability of information technology systems on which we rely or the failure of those systems or software to perform as required to support our business needs for any reason and any inability to respond to, or recover from, such events, could disrupt our business, decrease performance, and increase overhead costs. If we, our vendors, or other third parties with whom we do business experience significant data security incidents or fail to detect and appropriately respond to significant incidents, we could be subject to negative publicity, costly government enforcement actions or private litigation and increased costs. In addition, our customers could lose confidence in our ability to protect their information, stop using our loyalty programs, or stop shopping with us altogether. Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our reputation, results of operations or financial condition.
Legal, Regulatory and Environmental, Social and Governance (“ESG”) Risks
Legal proceedings may adversely affect our reputation, business, results of operations or financial condition.
Our business is subject to the risk of litigation and other proceedings involving associates, consumers, suppliers, competitors, shareholders, government agencies, or others through private actions, class actions, derivative actions, governmental investigations, administrative proceedings, regulatory actions, arbitrations or other similar actions.
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In addition, our operations and/or the products we sell are subject to regulatory oversight by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, states’ attorneys-general, and other federal, state, local and applicable foreign governmental authorities. Where such authorities believe that we have failed to comply with applicable regulations and/or procedures, they may require prompt corrective action, and/or proceed directly to other forms of enforcement action, including the imposition of operating restrictions, including a ceasing of operations in one or more facilities, enjoining and restraining certain violations of applicable law pertaining to products, seizure of products, assessing civil or criminal sanctions or penalties, and requiring enhancements to our compliance programs or reporting requirements. Any adverse regulatory action, depending on its magnitude, may restrict us from effectively selling our products and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and/or results of operations.
For example, we recently resolved a previously disclosed investigation by the United States Department of Justice (the “DOJ”) regarding a historical rodent issue at Family Dollar’s West Memphis, Arkansas distribution center (“DC 202”) and the related adulteration of products regulated by the FDA. Under this resolution, a Family Dollar subsidiary pled guilty to a one count misdemeanor violation of Title 21, United States Code, Sections 331(k), 333(a)(1) for causing FDA-regulated products to become adulterated and paid $200,000 in fines and a forfeiture money judgment in the amount of $41,475,000 to the United States. For a discussion of other impacts of this resolution, see also “Our failure to comply with applicable law, or to adequately respond to changes to such laws, could increase our expenses, expose us to legal risks or otherwise adversely affect us” below.
Our products could also cause illness or injury, harm our reputation, and subject us to litigation. Product liability, personal injury or other claims may be asserted against us relating to product adulteration, product tampering, mislabeling, recall and other safety issues with respect to the products that we sell, or with respect to our handling or storage of such products. Recent such matters have led to increased scrutiny of our operations by regulatory agencies, requiring further management attention and potential legal fees and other expenses. A significant product liability, consumer fraud, or other legal judgment against us, a related regulatory compliance or enforcement action or a product recall could materially and adversely affect our reputation, financial condition and/or results of operations. Moreover, even if a product liability, consumer fraud or other claim is unsuccessful, has no merit or is not pursued, the negative publicity surrounding assertions against the products we sell could materially and adversely affect our reputation. We seek but may not be successful in obtaining contractual indemnification from our vendors, where appropriate, or insurance coverage, and if we do not have adequate contractual indemnification or insurance available, such claims could adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or results of operations. Our ability to obtain the benefit of contractual indemnification from vendors may be hindered by our ability to enforce contractual indemnification obligations against such vendors, for example because the vendors are overseas or lack financial resources. Our litigation-related expenses could increase as well, which also could have a materially negative impact on our financial condition and/or results of operations even if a claim is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued.
The outcome of such matters is often difficult to assess or quantify. Plaintiffs in these types of lawsuits or proceedings may seek recovery of very large or indeterminate amounts, and the magnitude of the potential loss may remain unknown for substantial periods of time. In addition, certain of these matters, if decided adversely to us or settled by us, may result in an expense that may be material to our consolidated financial statements as a whole or may negatively affect our operating results if changes to our business operations are required. If we experienced a material loss arising from these matters, we could also become subject to shareholder derivative suits and securities litigation. The cost to defend current and future litigation or proceedings, including arbitrations, may be significant. There also may be adverse publicity associated with litigation, including litigation related to product or food safety, customer information and environmental or safety requirements, which could negatively affect customer perception of our business, regardless of whether the allegations are valid or whether we are ultimately found liable.
For a discussion of current legal matters, please see “Item 3. Legal Proceedings” and Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements under the caption “Contingencies.”
Our failure to comply with applicable law, or to adequately respond to changes to such laws, could increase our expenses, expose us to legal risks or otherwise adversely affect us.
We operate in an increasingly regulated environment across a large and diverse geographic footprint, and we devote substantial resources to ensure effective compliance with numerous and frequently changing laws and regulations. The complexity of this regulatory environment and related compliance costs continue to increase due to additional legal and regulatory requirements, our expanding operations, and increased regulatory scrutiny and enforcement efforts. New or revised laws, regulations, orders, policies and related interpretations and enforcement practices, including product and food safety, marketing, labeling or pricing; information security and privacy; artificial intelligence; labor and employment; employee wages and benefits; health and workplace safety (including Occupational Safety and Health Administration rules); imports and customs; taxes; bribery; climate change; and environmental compliance, may significantly increase our expenses or require extensive system and operating changes that could materially increase our cost of doing business.

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If our programs do not adequately anticipate regulatory expectations or requirements, or if we fail to appropriately design and maintain an effective enterprise compliance program and system of controls to prevent and detect non-compliance, including implementing and communicating a strong culture of compliance, there is a possibility any failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations would subject us to enhanced legal risks and adverse outcomes. Violations of applicable laws and regulations or untimely or incomplete execution of a required product recall can result in significant penalties (including loss of licenses, eligibility to accept certain government benefits such as SNAP or significant fines), class action or other litigation, governmental investigation or action and reputational damage. As part of our recent resolution of the DOJ investigation regarding DC 202, we agreed to implement improved internal controls, compliance codes, policies, and procedures, many of which were already underway or completed, and to make periodic reports to the DOJ for three years. The failure to properly manage our overall compliance program and fully comply with our obligations could adversely affect our ability to conduct business, result in significant fines and other penalties, damage our brand and reputation, and negatively impact our financial position and results of operations.
New laws and regulations could have an adverse effect on our business. For example, various municipalities have begun regulating the placement or proximity of our stores or may place requirements on labor relations or the types of products we sell. In addition, the adoption of new environmental laws and regulations in connection with climate change and the proposed transition to a low carbon economy, including any federal or state laws enacted to regulate or tax greenhouse gas emissions, could significantly increase our operating or merchandise costs or reduce the demand for our products. These laws and regulations may include, but are not limited to, requirements relating to hazardous waste materials, recycling, single-use plastics, extended producer responsibility, use of refrigerants, carbon pricing or carbon taxes, product energy efficiency standards and product labeling.
In addition, significant changes in laws or regulations that impact our relationship with our workforce, such as minimum wage increases, health care, labor relations laws or workplace safety, could increase our expenses and adversely affect our operations. An increase in federal corporate tax rates also could adversely affect our profitability. Changes in other regulatory areas, such as consumer credit, privacy and information security, product and food safety, energy or environmental protection, and tariff and other trade restrictions, among others, could cause our expenses to increase or result in product recalls.
Our business is subject to evolving disclosure requirements and expectations with respect to environmental, social and governance matters that could expose us to numerous risks.
Our business faces increasing public scrutiny related to social responsibility, climate change and other ESG practices. We risk damage to our brand and reputation, including risk to our plans for profitable growth, if we fail to act responsibly in a number of areas, such as worker safety and welfare, diversity and inclusion, environmental stewardship, support for local communities, and corporate governance and transparency. Adverse incidents could impact the value of our brand, the cost of our operations and relationships with associates, customers or investors, all of which could adversely affect our business and results.
In addition, increasingly regulators, customers, investors, associates, and other stakeholders are focusing on ESG matters and related disclosures. These changing rules, regulations and stakeholder expectations have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased general and administrative expenses and increased management time and attention spent complying with or meeting such regulations and expectations. For example, developing and acting on initiatives within the scope of ESG, and collecting, measuring, and reporting ESG-related information and metrics can be costly, difficult and time consuming and is subject to evolving reporting standards, including the SEC’s proposed climate-related reporting requirements. We may also communicate certain initiatives and goals, regarding environmental matters, diversity, responsible sourcing and social investments and other ESG-related matters, in our SEC filings or in other public disclosures. These initiatives and goals within the scope of ESG could be difficult and expensive to implement, the technologies needed to implement them may not be cost effective and may not advance at a sufficient pace, and we could be criticized for the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of the disclosure. Further, statements about our ESG-related initiatives and goals, and progress toward those goals, may be based on standards for measuring progress that are still developing, internal controls and processes that continue to mature, and assumptions that are subject to change in the future. If we are unable to meet our ESG-related goals or evolving stakeholder expectations and industry standards, if our ESG-related data, processes and reporting are incomplete or inaccurate, or if we are perceived to have not responded appropriately to the growing concern for ESG issues, consumers may choose to stop purchasing our products or purchase products from a competitor, and our reputation, business or financial condition may be adversely affected.
Risks Relating to Indebtedness and Our Common Stock
Our inability to access credit or capital markets, a downgrade of our credit ratings and/or increases in interest rates could negatively affect our financing costs, results of operations and financial condition.
We rely on internally generated funds and borrowings under our credit facilities and commercial paper program to fund our seasonal working capital requirements for existing and new stores, distribution network programs and other capital projects. In addition, we have $3.45 billion of senior notes outstanding as of February 3, 2024.
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Our continued access to financial markets depends on multiple factors, including market conditions, our operating performance and our credit ratings. Changes in the credit and capital markets, including as a result of financial market disruptions, rising interest rates, bank failures or other macroeconomic conditions, could increase the cost of financing or restrict our access to these potential sources of future liquidity. Further, our credit ratings impact the cost and availability of future borrowings and, accordingly, our cost of financing. Our ratings reflect the opinions of the ratings agencies of our financial strength, operating performance and ability to meet our debt obligations. A downgrade in our credit ratings could limit our access to credit and capital markets, limit the institutions willing to provide credit facilities to us, result in more restrictive financial and other covenants in our debt agreements and would likely significantly increase our overall financing costs and adversely affect our results of operations.
If we are unable to access financial markets when needed, on favorable terms or at all, whether to refinance our existing indebtedness on or before maturity or to fund our capital expenditures or working capital needs not satisfied by cash flows from operations, our results of operations or financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.
In addition, we have exposure to future interest rates based on variable rates under our revolving credit facility and issuances under our commercial paper program and to the extent we raise additional debt in the capital markets to meet maturing debt obligations or otherwise. Significant and sustained increases in market interest rates could materially increase our financing costs and negatively impact our reported results.
Our business or the value of our common stock could be negatively affected as a result of actions by shareholders.
We value constructive input from investors and regularly engage in dialogue with our shareholders regarding strategy and performance. The Board of Directors and management team are committed to acting in the best interests of all our shareholders. There is no assurance that the actions taken by the Board of Directors and management in seeking to maintain constructive engagement with our shareholders will be successful. Shareholders who disagree with our strategy or the way we are managed may seek to effect change in the future, through various strategies that could include private engagement, publicity campaigns, proxy contests, and litigation. Responding to these actions may be costly and time-consuming, disrupt our operations, divert the attention of our Board of Directors, management, and associates, and impact our relationship with investors, vendors, and other third parties. Shareholder engagement also may result in changes to our business plans, operations, strategies, initiatives, governance, management, and risk factors. The perceived uncertainty as to our future direction resulting from these actions of shareholders could also affect the market price and volatility of our common stock.
The price of our common stock is subject to market and other conditions and may be volatile.
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors. These factors, some of which may be beyond our control, include the perceived prospects and actual results of operations of our business; changes in estimates of our results of operations by analysts, investors or us; trading activity by our large shareholders; trading activity by sophisticated algorithms (high-frequency trading); our actual results of operations relative to estimates or expectations; actions or announcements by us or our competitors; litigation and judicial decisions; legislative or regulatory actions or changes; and changes in general economic or market conditions. In addition, the stock market in general has from time-to-time experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. These market fluctuations could reduce the market price of our common stock for reasons unrelated to our operating performance.
Certain provisions in our Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws could delay or discourage a change of control transaction that may be in a shareholder’s best interest.
Our Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws contain provisions that may delay or discourage a takeover attempt that a shareholder might consider in his/her best interest. These provisions, among other things, provide that only the Board of Directors, the chairman or vice chairman of the Board, the chief executive officer or shareholders who own 15% or more of the outstanding shares of our common stock may call special meetings of the shareholders; establish certain advance notice procedures for nominations of candidates for election as directors and for shareholder proposals to be considered at shareholders’ meetings; and permit the Board of Directors, without further action of the shareholders, to issue and fix the terms of preferred stock, which may have rights senior to those of the common stock. However, we believe that these provisions allow our Board of Directors to negotiate a higher price in the event of a takeover attempt which would be in the best interest of our shareholders.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.
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Item 1C. Cybersecurity
Risk Management and Strategy
We understand the importance of cybersecurity in maintaining the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of our systems and data. Our business operations leverage information technology infrastructure and third-party vendors and systems which makes us susceptible to various cyber threats. We have implemented a comprehensive cybersecurity risk management program to mitigate these risks and safeguard our assets.
We have measures in place to prevent, detect, and manage material risks from unauthorized access to our electronic information systems. These include various controls, technologies, and processes that protect confidential, proprietary, business and personal information that we collect, process, store, and transmit as part of our business operation.
We also consider cybersecurity, along with other business risks, within our enterprise risk management framework. Our assessment, identification and management of cybersecurity and data privacy risks are reported as part of our regular enterprise risk assessments, security audits and risk management programs. In addition, we leverage recognized consulting firms to conduct application security and penetration testing assessments annually. We also require employees with access to information systems, including all corporate employees, to undertake cybersecurity training and compliance programs annually.
Our cybersecurity program utilizes the National Institute of Standards and Technology framework along with risk-based analysis and judgment, to choose the most effective security controls to address potential risks. We consider various factors such as likelihood and severity of risk, impact on our organization and others if a risk materializes, feasibility and cost of controls, and the effects of controls on our operations and others.
Because we rely on third-party providers and platforms for many of our computer and technology systems and support, we use a variety of processes and tools to address cybersecurity threats related to the use of third-party technology and services, including pre-acquisition diligence, imposition of contractual obligations, and performance monitoring. As a part of our monitoring, we regularly obtain System Organization and Control Reports (SOC Reports) for key third-party financial systems.
As part of our overall strategic initiatives, we have made significant investments in internal and external resources to support and enhance our technology infrastructure over the next several years. As part of this technology transformation, we plan to continue growing our information security team, enhance our cyber response plan and data privacy policies and evolve our procedures around third-party risk management.
No material cybersecurity incidents occurred in fiscal 2023, but future incidents cannot be predicted. Additionally, in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” under the heading “Cybersecurity and Technology Risks,” forward-looking cybersecurity threats that could have a material impact on our business are discussed. Those sections of Item 1A should be read in conjunction with this Item 1C.
Although we have operational safeguards in place, we still face significant risks from cybersecurity threats, as the number of cyberattacks targeting retailers and corporate networks grows, and the volume, intensity and sophistication of attempted attacks, intrusions, and threats from around the world increase daily. We (and third parties upon whom we rely) may be unable to implement security controls fully, continuously, and effectively as intended. As described above, we utilize a risk-based approach that focuses on proactively preventing security risks followed by prompt detection and containment of risks identified. Security controls, no matter how well designed or implemented, may only mitigate, and not fully eliminate risks. In addition, events, when detected by security tools or third parties, may not always be immediately understood or acted upon. If our technology systems, networks, or information are compromised by malicious software, ransomware, or other cyberattacks, we could lose critical data or confidential information of our customers, vendors or associates, experience disruptions in our ability to distribute and sell merchandise and manage inventories, incur substantial remediation costs and/or become subject to negative publicity, costly government actions or litigation.
Notwithstanding the deliberate approach we take to cybersecurity, we may not be successful in preventing or mitigating a cybersecurity incident that could have a material adverse effect on us. While we maintain cybersecurity insurance, the costs related to cybersecurity threats or disruptions may not be fully insured.
Governance
Our Audit Committee, which includes a member with cybersecurity experience, oversees our management of risks relating to information security and data privacy. At least semiannually, the Audit Committee is responsible for reviewing and discussing our risk exposures related to information security and data privacy with management. These management updates are designed to inform the Audit Committee of any potential risks relating to information security or data privacy and any relevant mitigation or remediation tactics being implemented. In addition, as part of our regular enterprise risk management assessments, cybersecurity risks are reported to and assessed by the Enterprise Risk Committee, comprised of senior leadership from key business functions.
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To more effectively prevent, detect and respond to information security threats, we have a dedicated Chief Information Security Officer (“CISO”) whose team is responsible for our overall information security, cyber risk, and business continuity. The CISO brings over 25 years of extensive experience in information technology and information security and serves as the designated executive leader for cyber or data-related incident response activities. Our CISO’s experience includes leading cybersecurity programs for Fortune 100 companies.
In addition to the CISO, the Chief Information Officer and Chief Legal Officer are responsible for overseeing risks related to cybersecurity and data privacy. Our Chief Information Officer’s experience includes more than 25 years of leading all information technology strategies and operations and oversight of IT systems for various Fortune 100 companies, and our Legal Department has personnel specializing in data privacy and cybersecurity who assist our team in assessing and managing cybersecurity risks.
We have a Cybersecurity Incident Response Plan that is integrated into our crisis management program. The plan provides protocols for evaluating and responding to cybersecurity incidents, including incident disclosure and reporting, notification to senior management and relevant committees, and meeting external reporting obligations. The plan is reviewed and updated regularly by our CISO and Chief Legal Officer to ensure its continued effectiveness. We recently performed tabletop exercises where we performed walkthroughs of cyber incident situations to test our response plan. We plan to continue testing on a periodic basis going forward.
Item 2. Properties
As of February 3, 2024, we operated 16,526 stores across the contiguous United States and the District of Columbia and operated 248 stores within five Canadian provinces.
The Dollar Tree segment includes 8,415 stores operating under the Dollar Tree and Dollar Tree Canada brands with stores predominantly ranging from 8,000 - 10,000 selling square feet. The Family Dollar segment includes 8,359 stores operating under the Family Dollar brand with stores predominantly ranging from 6,000 - 8,000 selling square feet. For additional information on store counts and square footage by segment for the years ended February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the caption “Overview.”
We lease the vast majority of our stores and expect to lease the majority of our new stores as we expand. Our leases typically provide for a short initial lease term, generally between five and ten years, with options to extend; in some cases we have initial lease terms of up to fifteen years. We believe this leasing strategy enhances our flexibility to pursue various expansion opportunities resulting from changing market conditions. As current leases expire, we believe that we will be able to obtain lease renewals, if desired, for present store locations, or to obtain leases for equivalent or better locations in the same general area.
Our network of distribution centers is strategically located throughout the United States to support our stores. As of February 3, 2024, we operated 25 distribution centers in the United States occupying a total of 23.2 million square feet, 15 of which are primarily dedicated to serving our Dollar Tree stores and ten of which serve our Family Dollar stores. Except for 0.4 million square feet of our distribution center in San Bernardino, California and short-term leases for offsite facilities, all of our distribution center capacity is owned.
Each of our distribution centers use advanced material handling equipment, warehouse management systems, and radio frequency to track our inventory and ensure efficient operations. With the exception of three of our facilities, each of our distribution centers in the United States also contains automated conveyor and sorting systems. Significant investments are underway to improve climate control conditions in our distribution centers.
Distribution services in Canada are provided by a third party from facilities in British Columbia and Ontario.
Our store support center in Chesapeake, Virginia is located in an approximately 0.5 million square foot office tower that we own.
For more information on financing of our new, expanded and renovated stores, and distribution centers, see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the caption “Funding Requirements.”
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
From time to time, we have been involved in litigation and other proceedings, including matters related to commercial disputes, as well as trade, regulatory and other claims related to our business. For information regarding legal proceedings in which we are involved, please see Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements under the caption “Contingencies.” For a further description of certain of these matters and their impact, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors”: “Legal proceedings may adversely affect our reputation, business, results of operations or financial condition” on page 18 and “Our failure to comply with applicable law, or to adequately respond to changes to such laws, could increase our expenses, expose us to legal risks or otherwise adversely affect us” on page 19.
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Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
None.
24

PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock is traded on The Nasdaq Global Select Market® under the symbol “DLTR.” As of March 18, 2024, we had 2,045 shareholders of record.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
We periodically repurchase shares of our common stock under share repurchase programs authorized by our Board of Directors. Under the existing Board repurchase authorization, we may repurchase up to $2.5 billion of our common stock in open market or privately negotiated transactions with financial institutions. The repurchase authorization does not have an expiration date.
We repurchased 3,905,599, 4,613,696 and 9,156,898 shares of common stock on the open market at a cost of $504.3 million, $647.5 million and $950.0 million in fiscal 2023, fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021, respectively. The fiscal 2023 share repurchases occurred prior to the fourth quarter and the cost incurred includes the applicable excise tax. As of February 3, 2024, we had $1.35 billion remaining under our existing $2.5 billion Board repurchase authorization.
Stockholder Matters
We anticipate that substantially all of our cash flow from operations in the foreseeable future will be retained for the development and expansion of our business, the repayment of indebtedness and, as authorized by our Board of Directors, the repurchase of stock. We do not anticipate paying cash dividends on our common stock in fiscal 2024.

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Stock Performance Graph
The following graph sets forth the yearly percentage change in the cumulative total shareholder return on our common stock during the five fiscal years ended February 3, 2024, compared with the cumulative total returns of the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution & Retail Index. The comparison assumes that $100 was invested in our common stock and in each of the foregoing indices at the market close on the last trading day of the fiscal year ended February 2, 2019, and that dividends were reinvested. The stock price performance shown in the graph is not necessarily indicative of future price performance.
5 Year Cumulative Total Return.jpg
Year Ended
February 2, 2019February 1, 2020January 30, 2021January 29, 2022January 28, 2023February 3, 2024
Dollar Tree, Inc.$100.00 $90.05 $105.14 $132.89 $155.52 $143.46 
S&P 500 Index100.00 121.68 142.67 175.90 161.45 195.06 
S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Distribution
    & Retail Index
100.00 117.54 166.19 180.56 147.66 190.67 
Item 6. Reserved
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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This section of Form 10-K generally discusses fiscal 2023 and fiscal 2022 events and results, and year-to-year comparisons between fiscal 2023 and fiscal 2022. Discussions of fiscal 2021 items and year-to-year comparisons between fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021 that are not included in this Form 10-K can be found in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023.
In Management’s Discussion and Analysis, we explain the general financial condition and the results of operations for our company, including, factors that affect our business, analysis of annual changes in certain line items in the consolidated financial statements, performance of each of our operating segments, expenditures incurred for capital projects and sources of funding for future expenditures. As you read Management’s Discussion and Analysis, please refer to our consolidated financial statements and related notes, included in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Form 10-K.
Overview
We are a leading operator of more than 16,700 retail discount stores and we conduct our operations through two reporting segments. Our Dollar Tree segment is the leading operator of discount variety stores offering merchandise predominantly at the opening price point of $1.25, with additional offerings at $3, $4 and $5 price points. Our Family Dollar segment operates general merchandise retail discount stores providing consumers with a selection of competitively-priced merchandise in convenient neighborhood stores.
Our net sales are derived from the sale of merchandise. Two major factors tend to affect our net sales trends. First is our success at opening new stores. Second is the performance of stores once they are open which can be impacted by a number of factors including operational performance, competition, inflation and changes in the product assortment, pricing, or quality. Sales vary at our existing stores from one year to the next. We refer to this as a change in comparable store net sales, because we include only those stores that are open throughout both of the periods being compared, beginning after the first fifteen months of operation. We include sales from stores expanded, relocated or remodeled during the year in the calculation of comparable store net sales, which has the effect of increasing our comparable store net sales. Stores that have been re-bannered (i.e., Family Dollar stores converted to Dollar Tree stores, or vice versa) are considered to be new stores and are not included in the calculation of the comparable store net sales change until after the first fifteen months of operation under the new brand. Sales that are excluded from the calculation of comparable store net sales are referred to as non-comparable store sales and consist of sales from new stores open fifteen months or less and stores that are closed permanently or expected to be closed for more than 90 days.
Annual Results
Financial highlights for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, as compared to the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023, include:
Net sales increased 8.0% to $30,581.6 million, due to a 4.6% enterprise-wide comparable store net sales increase and net sales of $1,184.5 million at non-comparable stores. The 53rd week in fiscal 2023 accounted for $559.3 million of the total net sales increase.
Gross profit increased 4.3% to $9,309.6 million as a result of our net store growth and the 53rd week. Gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, decreased 110 basis points to 30.4%, primarily due to higher shrink, distribution and markdown costs, partially offset by lower freight costs and occupancy costs. Excluding $86.2 million of distribution and markdown costs related to the store portfolio optimization review, gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, decreased 80 basis points.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $3,514.5 million or 52.5%, primarily due to a $1,069.0 million non-cash goodwill impairment charge, a $950.0 million non-cash trade name impairment charge, a $503.9 million non-cash store asset impairment charge, and $56.7 million in DC 202-related litigation charges. Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, increased 980 basis points to 33.4%. Excluding the impairment and litigation charges noted above, selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of total revenues, increased 125 basis points primarily due to higher store-based payroll expenses, unfavorable development of general liability claims, and higher repairs and maintenance expenses.
Operating income (loss) was ($881.8) million and as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 1,080 basis points to (2.9)% primarily due to the current year impairments and litigation charges noted above. Excluding the impairments and litigation charges, the operating income (loss), as a percentage of total revenues, decreased 210 basis points.
The effective tax rate decreased to (1.0)% compared to 23.5% in the prior year primarily due to the current year goodwill impairment charge which is not tax deductible.
Net income (loss) was ($998.4) million, or ($4.55) per diluted share, compared to $1,615.4 million, or $7.21 per diluted share.
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At February 3, 2024, we operated stores in 48 states and the District of Columbia, as well as stores in five Canadian provinces. The average size of stores opened in fiscal 2023 was approximately 9,300 selling square feet for the Dollar Tree segment and 9,360 selling square feet for the Family Dollar segment. A breakdown of store counts and square footage by segment for the years ended February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023 is as follows:
Year Ended
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023
Dollar TreeFamily DollarTotalDollar TreeFamily DollarTotal
Store Count:
Beginning8,134 8,206 16,340 8,061 8,016 16,077 
New stores333 308 641 131 333 464 
Re-bannered stores15 (15)— (5)
Closings(67)(140)(207)(53)(152)(205)
Ending8,415 8,359 16,774 8,134 8,206 16,340 
Relocations31 89 120 28 92 120 
Selling Square Feet (in millions):
Beginning70.5 61.6 132.1 69.7 59.2 128.9 
New stores3.1 2.9 6.0 1.1 3.1 4.2 
Re-bannered stores0.1 (0.1)— — 0.1 0.1 
Closings(0.6)(1.0)(1.6)(0.4)(1.1)(1.5)
Relocations— 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 
Ending73.1 63.7 136.8 70.5 61.6 132.1 
Stores are included as re-banners when they close or open, respectively. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, we initiated a comprehensive store portfolio optimization review, including identifying stores as candidates for closure, re-bannering, or relocation. See the “Strategic Initiatives and Recent Developments” section below and Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements for additional detail.
Fiscal 2023 ended on February 3, 2024 and included 53 weeks, commensurate with the retail calendar. The 53rd week in fiscal 2023 added approximately $559.3 million in sales. Fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021 which ended on January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022, respectively, each included 52 weeks.
The percentage change in comparable store net sales for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, as compared with the preceding year, is as follows, based on a 53-week comparison for both years:
Year Ended February 3, 2024
Sales GrowthChange in Customer TrafficChange in Average Ticket
Consolidated4.6 %5.4 %(0.8)%
Dollar Tree Segment5.8 %7.4 %(1.5)%
Family Dollar Segment3.2 %2.5 %0.7 %
Comparable store net sales are positively affected by our expanded, relocated and remodeled stores, which we include in the calculation, and are negatively affected when we open new stores, re-banner stores or expand stores near existing stores.
Net sales per selling square foot is calculated based on total net sales for the preceding 12 months as of the end of the reporting period divided by the average selling square footage during the period. Selling square footage excludes the storage, receiving and office space that generally occupies approximately 20% of the total square footage of our stores. We believe that net sales per selling square foot more accurately depicts the productivity and operating performance of our stores as it reflects the portion of our footprint that is dedicated to selling merchandise. Net sales per selling square foot for the 53 weeks ended February 3, 2024 and the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022 is as follows:
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53 Weeks Ended52 Weeks Ended
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Dollar
Tree
Family
Dollar
TotalDollar
Tree
Family
Dollar
TotalDollar
Tree
Family
Dollar
Total
Net sales per selling square foot$234$220$227$220$214$217$203$212$207
The 53rd week in fiscal 2023 contributed $4 to the total net sales per selling square foot. See our “Strategic Initiatives and Recent Developments” below for more information on the initiatives that are driving our comparable store net sales growth and net sales per selling square foot growth.
Strategic Initiatives and Recent Developments
We continue to execute on a number of strategic initiatives across the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar banners to drive productive sales growth, improve operating efficiency, invest in technology, and expand our culture of service to our associates. These initiatives include, among others, the following:
Dollar Tree Merchandising. We continue to expand our brand assortment at the $1.25 price point to provide greater value to our customers and increase customer traffic and store productivity. We are continuing to expand our multi-price product assortment, which began with the introduction of $3 and $5 Dollar Tree Plus product in select discretionary categories, expanded into $3, $4 and $5 frozen and refrigerated product, and now comprises a wide assortment of other consumable and discretionary product. We are currently taking actions to improve operating efficiencies and prepare for expanded multi-price products within our stores, including raising shelf heights, implementing space productivity, and rightsizing assortments.
Family Dollar Merchandising and Store Portfolio Optimization Review. Our store design initiatives at Family Dollar provide significantly improved merchandise offerings and establish a minimum number of cooler doors. We tailor space and assortment to local demographics with emerging formats including H2.5, our primary store format with optimized layout and expanded frozen and refrigerated doors; larger rural stores where assortments may include Dollar Tree product; and XSB (Extra Small Box), which adds elements of H2.5 optimized to our smaller stores, particularly in urban markets. As of February 3, 2024, we have more than 1,890 stores across these three formats.
Across all of Family Dollar’s formats we are expanding our SKUs, continuing to add cooler doors, increasing our standard shelf profile, and implementing planogram and category resets. We continue to introduce new private brands at Family Dollar, convert control brands to private brands and align our “Family” brand message across key categories.
Additionally, during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023, we announced that we had initiated a comprehensive store portfolio optimization review which involved identifying stores for closure, relocation or re-bannering based on an evaluation of current market conditions and individual store performance, among other factors. As a result of this portfolio optimization review, we plan to close approximately 970 underperforming Family Dollar stores, including approximately 600 stores to be closed in the first half of fiscal 2024, and approximately 370 stores to be closed at the end of each store's current lease term. Additionally, we identified approximately 30 underperforming Dollar Tree stores for closure and plan to close each store at the end of the store's current lease term.
In connection with the store portfolio optimization review, we incurred $503.9 million of non-cash impairment charges which are included in “Selling, general and administrative expenses” within the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations, comprised of $152.2 million of property, plant and equipment impairment charges and $351.7 million of operating lease right-of-use asset impairment charges. In addition, we recorded $80.6 million of inventory markdowns and $5.6 million of capitalized distribution cost impairment within “Cost of sales” in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the stores expected to close in the first half of fiscal 2024. We also incurred $4.3 million in third party consulting fees related to the portfolio optimization review which are included in “Selling, general and administrative expenses” within the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations. See Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements for more information.
Our Workforce & Our Workplace. Across both of our banners, we are investing in our talent, including initiatives to provide competitive pay and benefits, enhanced training, and attractive career opportunities to deliver an enhanced associate experience, reduce turnover, and improve our store standards and efficiencies and ultimately the customer experience. Additional initiatives include projects to optimize and modernize our stores, with a focus on improving store appearance, delivering consistent experiences across all stores, and driving positive sales trends.
Supply Chain Optimization. Our supply chain initiatives include enhancing our distribution and transportation network, including investments in our trucking fleet, transportation management systems, a new distribution center with enhanced automation to improve efficiency, and a new RotaCart delivery process to streamline the truck unloading and store delivery process. Significant investments are also underway to improve climate control conditions in our distribution centers.
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Technology Investment. We continue our multi-year plan for significant investment in our technology across our business, including our store network and point-of-sale, merchandising and supply chain. We believe these improvements can promote operational efficiencies and deliver an elevated customer experience.
Results of Operations
Our results of operations and year-over-year changes are discussed in the following section. Note that gross profit margin is calculated as gross profit (i.e., net sales less cost of sales) divided by net sales. The selling, general and administrative expense rate, operating income (loss) margin and net income (loss) margin are calculated by dividing the applicable amount by total revenue. Basis points, as referred to below, are a percentage of net sales for expense categories within gross profit, and are a percentage of total revenue for all other expense categories. A 100 basis point increase equals 1.00% and a 1 basis point increase equals 0.01%.
The following table contains results of operations data for the years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022:
Year Ended
(in millions, except percentages)
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Revenues
Net sales$30,581.6 $28,318.2 $26,309.8 
Other revenue22.2 13.5 11.4 
Total revenue30,603.8 28,331.7 26,321.2 
Expenses
Cost of sales21,272.0 19,396.3 18,583.9 
Selling, general and administrative expenses, excluding
    Goodwill impairment
9,144.6 6,699.1 5,925.9 
Goodwill impairment1,069.0 — — 
Selling, general and administrative expenses10,213.6 6,699.1 5,925.9 
Operating income (loss)(881.8)2,236.3 1,811.4 
Interest expense, net106.8 125.3 178.9 
Other expense, net
0.1 0.4 0.3 
Income (loss) before income taxes(988.7)2,110.6 1,632.2 
Provision for income taxes9.7 495.2 304.3 
Net income (loss)$(998.4)$1,615.4 $1,327.9 
Gross profit margin
30.4 %31.5 %29.4 %
Selling, general and administrative expense rate
33.4 %23.6 %22.5 %
Operating income (loss) margin
(2.9)%7.9 %6.9 %
Interest expense as a percentage of total revenue
0.3 %0.4 %0.7 %
Income (loss) before income taxes as percentage of total revenue(3.2)%7.4 %6.2 %
Effective tax rate
(1.0)%23.5 %18.6 %
Net income (loss) margin(3.3)%5.7 %5.0 %
Net Sales
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Net sales$30,581.6 $28,318.2 $26,309.8 8.0 %
Comparable store net sales change4.6 %5.9 %1.1 %
The increase in net sales from fiscal 2022 to fiscal 2023 was a result of the comparable store net sales increases in the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar segments, and net sales of $1,184.5 million at non-comparable stores. The 53rd week in fiscal 2023 accounted for $559.3 million of the total net sales increase.
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Enterprise comparable store net sales increased 4.6% in fiscal 2023, as a result of a 5.4% increase in customer traffic, partially offset by a 0.8% decrease in average ticket. This increase is based on a 53-week comparison for both periods. Comparable store net sales increased 5.8% in the Dollar Tree segment and increased 3.2% in the Family Dollar segment.
Gross Profit
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Gross profit$9,309.6 $8,921.9 $7,725.9 4.3 %
Gross profit margin30.4 %31.5 %29.4 %(1.1)%
The decrease in gross profit margin from fiscal 2022 to fiscal 2023 was a result of the net of the following:
Shrink costs increased approximately 55 basis points primarily due to unfavorable physical inventory results.
Distribution costs increased approximately 40 basis points primarily due to a higher amount of costs capitalized during the prior year resulting from increasing inventory levels in both the Dollar Tree and Family Dollar segments during that period, and higher distribution center payroll costs recognized during the current year in the Dollar Tree segment.
Merchandise cost, which includes freight, increased approximately 30 basis points primarily due to re-investment in value-product assortments during the current year after transitioning to the $1.25 price point during the prior year at Dollar Tree, and cost increases due to inflation; as well as higher sales of lower margin consumable merchandise, partially offset by lower freight costs.
Markdowns increased approximately 15 basis points primarily due to $80.6 million of inventory reserves for the approximately 600 Family Dollar stores that are projected to close in the first half of fiscal 2024 as a result of the store portfolio optimization review. This increase was partially offset by increased markdown allowances on the Family Dollar segment and higher clearance markdowns during the prior year on the Dollar Tree segment in connection with the transition to a higher value assortment at the $1.25 price point.
Occupancy costs decreased approximately 30 basis points primarily due to leverage from the comparable store net sales increase and leverage from the 53rd week of sales in the current year.
We expect continued pressure on gross profit margin due to unfavorable shrink results in the near term.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Selling, general and administrative
   expenses
$10,213.6 $6,699.1 $5,925.9 52.5 %
Selling, general and administrative
   expense rate
33.4 %23.6 %22.5 %9.8 %
The increase in the selling, general and administrative expense rate from fiscal 2022 to fiscal 2023 was primarily due to a $1,069.0 million non-cash goodwill impairment charge, a $950.0 million non-cash trade name impairment charge, and a $503.9 million non-cash store asset impairment charge recorded in fiscal 2023 as further discussed in Note 15 and Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements. All of the impairment charges were in the Family Dollar reporting unit with the exception of $10.8 million of store asset impairment charges in the Dollar Tree reporting unit. In addition, there were $56.7 million in DC 202-related litigation charges in the Family Dollar reporting unit during fiscal 2023. Excluding the goodwill, trade name, and store asset impairment charges and the DC 202-related litigation charges noted above, the selling, general and administrative expense rate increased 125 basis points in fiscal 2023 as a result of the following:
Payroll expenses increased approximately 70 basis points primarily due to wage investments and minimum wage increases in store payroll, partially offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase.
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Other selling, general and administrative expenses increased approximately 40 basis points primarily due to unfavorable development of general liability claims, increases in professional fees, and higher information technology system costs, partially offset by Family Dollars’ prior year long-lived asset impairments. During fiscal 2023, general liability claims began to develop and pay out at amounts significantly higher than anticipated. As a result, we increased our actuarially determined general liability accruals which led to an approximately 25 basis point increase in our general liability expenses. See the “Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions” later in this “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for more information on the calculation of our Self-Insurance Liabilities.
Store facility costs increased approximately 10 basis points primarily due to higher repairs and maintenance expenses as we focus on store conditions for our customers and associates, partially offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase.
Depreciation and amortization expense increased approximately 5 basis points primarily due to capital expenditures related to store renovations and improvements, partially offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase and leverage from the 53rd week of sales in the current year.
Operating Income (Loss)
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Operating income (loss)$(881.8)$2,236.3 $1,811.4 (139.4)%
Operating income (loss) margin
(2.9)%7.9 %6.9 %(10.8)%
Operating income (loss) margin decreased to (2.9)% in fiscal 2023 compared to 7.9% in fiscal 2022, resulting from the decrease in gross profit margin and the increase in the selling, general and administrative expense rate, as described above. Excluding the goodwill, trade name, and store asset impairment charges and the DC 202-related litigation charges, operating income margin decreased 210 basis points in fiscal 2023 compared to fiscal 2022.
Interest Expense, Net
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Interest expense, net$106.8 $125.3 $178.9 (14.8)%
Interest expense, net decreased $18.5 million in fiscal 2023 compared to the prior year, resulting from higher interest income on investments.
Provision for Income taxes
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Provision for income taxes$9.7 $495.2 $304.3 (98.0)%
Effective tax rate(1.0)%23.5 %18.6 %(24.5)%
The effective tax rate for fiscal 2023 was (1.0)% compared to 23.5% for fiscal 2022, resulting primarily from the current year goodwill impairment charge which is not tax deductible.
Segment Information
We operate more than 16,700 retail discount stores in 48 states and five Canadian provinces. Our operations are conducted in two reporting business segments: Dollar Tree and Family Dollar. We define our segments as those operations whose results our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) regularly reviews to analyze performance and allocate resources.

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We measure the results of our segments using, among other measures, each segment’s net sales, gross profit and operating income (loss). The CODM reviews these metrics for each of our reporting segments. We may revise the measurement of each segment’s operating income (loss), as determined by the information regularly reviewed by the CODM. If the measurement of a segment changes, prior period amounts and balances are reclassified to be comparable to the current period’s presentation. Corporate, support and other consists primarily of store support center costs and the results of operations for our Summit Pointe property in Chesapeake, Virginia that are considered shared services and therefore these selling, general and administrative costs are excluded from our two reporting business segments. The Family Dollar segment operating income (loss) includes advertising revenue, which is a component of “Other revenue” in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Dollar Tree
The following table summarizes the operating results of the Dollar Tree segment:
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Net sales$16,770.3 $15,405.7 $13,922.1 8.9 %
Gross profit6,008.9 5,775.5 4,603.6 4.0 %
Gross profit margin35.8 %37.5 %33.1 %(1.7)%
Operating income$2,278.8 $2,536.0 $1,607.0 (10.1)%
Operating income margin13.6 %16.5 %11.5 %(2.9)%
Net sales for the Dollar Tree segment increased $1,364.6 million, or 8.9%, in fiscal 2023 compared to fiscal 2022 due to an increase in comparable store net sales of 5.8%, and net sales of $467.1 million from non-comparable stores. The 53rd week in fiscal 2023 accounted for $307.0 million of the total net sales increase. Customer traffic increased 7.4% and average ticket decreased 1.5% in fiscal 2023 based on a 53-week comparison for both periods.
Gross profit margin for the Dollar Tree segment decreased to 35.8% in fiscal 2023 from 37.5% in fiscal 2022. The decrease is due to the net of the following:
Merchandise cost, which includes freight, increased approximately 85 basis points primarily due to re-investment in value-product assortments during the current year after transitioning to the $1.25 price point during the prior year and cost increases due to inflation; as well as higher sales of lower margin consumable merchandise, partially offset by lower freight costs.
Distribution costs increased approximately 65 basis points primarily due to a higher amount of costs capitalized during the prior year resulting from increasing inventory levels during that period, and higher distribution center payroll costs recognized during the current year.
Shrink costs increased approximately 55 basis points primarily due to unfavorable physical inventory results.
Markdowns decreased approximately 5 basis points primarily due to higher clearance markdowns during the prior year in connection with the transition to a higher value assortment at the $1.25 price point.
Occupancy costs decreased approximately 30 basis points primarily due to leverage from the comparable store net sales increase and leverage from the 53rd week of sales in the current year.
Operating income margin for the Dollar Tree segment decreased to 13.6% in fiscal 2023 from 16.5% in fiscal 2022 as a result of the gross profit margin decrease noted above and an increase in the selling, general and administrative expense rate. The selling, general and administrative expense rate increased to 22.2% in fiscal 2023 compared to 21.0% in fiscal 2022 as a result of the following:
Payroll expenses increased approximately 65 basis points primarily due to wage investments and minimum wage increases in store payroll, partially offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase.
Other selling, general and administrative expenses increased approximately 30 basis points primarily due to unfavorable development of general liability claims. During fiscal 2023, general liability claims began to develop and pay out at amounts significantly higher than anticipated. As a result, we increased our actuarially determined general liability accruals which led to an approximately 25 basis point increase in our general liability expenses. See the “Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions” later in this “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for more information on the calculation of our Self-Insurance Liabilities.
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Store facility costs increased approximately 25 basis points primarily due to higher repairs and maintenance expenses as we focus on store conditions for our customers and associates, partially offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase.

Depreciation and amortization expense was unchanged as a percentage of total revenue, as capital expenditures related to store renovations and improvements were offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase and leverage from the 53rd week of sales in the current year.
Family Dollar
The following table summarizes the operating results of the Family Dollar segment:
Year EndedPercentage Change
(dollars in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
 Fiscal 2023 vs. Fiscal 2022
Net sales$13,811.3 $12,912.5 $12,387.7 7.0 %
Gross profit3,300.7 3,146.4 3,122.3 4.9 %
Gross profit margin23.9 %24.4 %25.2 %(0.5)%
Operating income (loss)$(2,663.5)$127.5 $543.1 (2,189.0)%
Operating income (loss) margin
(19.3)%1.0 %4.4 %(20.3)%
Net sales for the Family Dollar segment increased $898.8 million, or 7.0%, in fiscal 2023 compared to fiscal 2022 due to a comparable store net sales increase of 3.2%, and net sales of $717.5 million at non-comparable stores. The 53rd week in fiscal 2023 accounted for $252.3 million of the total net sales increase. Customer traffic increased 2.5% and average ticket increased 0.7% in fiscal 2023 based on a 53-week comparison for both periods.
Gross profit margin for the Family Dollar segment decreased to 23.9% in fiscal 2023 compared to 24.4% in fiscal 2022. The decrease is due to the net of the following:
Shrink costs increased approximately 60 basis points primarily due to unfavorable physical inventory results.
Markdowns increased approximately 35 basis points primarily resulting from $80.6 million of inventory reserves for the approximately 600 Family Dollar stores that are projected to close in the first half of fiscal 2024 as a result of the store portfolio optimization review. This increase was partially offset by increased markdown allowances.
Distribution costs increased approximately 10 basis points primarily due to a higher amount of costs capitalized in the prior year resulting from increasing inventory levels during that period.
Occupancy costs decreased approximately 25 basis points primarily due to leverage from the comparable store net sales increase and leverage from the 53rd week of sales in the current year.
Merchandise cost, which includes freight, decreased approximately 30 basis points primarily due to lower freight costs, partially offset by cost increases and higher sales of lower margin consumable merchandise.
Operating income (loss) margin for the Family Dollar segment decreased to (19.3)% in fiscal 2023 from 1.0% in fiscal 2022 resulting from the gross profit margin decrease noted above and an increase in the selling, general and administrative expense rate. The selling, general and administrative expense rate increased to 43.2% in fiscal 2023 from 23.4% in fiscal 2022 primarily due to a $1,069.0 million non-cash goodwill impairment charge, a $950.0 million non-cash trade name impairment charge, and a $493.1 million non-cash store asset impairment charge recorded in fiscal 2023 as further discussed in Note 15 and Note 16 to our consolidated financial statements. In addition, there were $56.7 million in DC 202-related litigation charges in the Family Dollar reporting unit during fiscal 2023. Excluding the goodwill, trade name, and store asset impairment charges and the DC 202-related litigation charges noted above, the selling, general and administrative expense rate increased 120 basis points in fiscal 2023 as a result of the following:
Payroll expenses increased approximately 75 basis points primarily due to wage investments and minimum wage increases in store payroll.
Store facility costs increased approximately 30 basis points primarily due to an increase in repairs and maintenance expenses as we focus on store conditions for our customers and associates, partially offset by higher costs in the prior year associated with a product recall related to issues at DC 202.
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Other selling, general and administrative expenses increased approximately 10 basis points primarily due to unfavorable development of general liability claims, partially offset by prior year long-lived asset impairments. During fiscal 2023, general liability claims began to develop and pay out at amounts significantly higher than anticipated. As a result, we increased our actuarially determined general liability accruals which led to an approximately 20 basis point increase in our general liability expenses. See the “Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions” later in this “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for more information on the calculation of our Self-Insurance Liabilities.
Depreciation and amortization expense increased approximately 5 basis points primarily due to capital expenditures related to store renovations and improvements, partially offset by leverage from the comparable store net sales increase and leverage from the 53rd week of sales in the current year.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We invest capital to build and open new stores, expand and renovate existing stores, enhance and grow our distribution network, operate our existing stores, maintain and upgrade our technology, and support our other strategic initiatives. Our working capital requirements for existing stores are seasonal in nature and typically reach their peak in the months of September and October. We have satisfied our seasonal working capital requirements for existing and new stores and have funded our distribution network programs and other capital projects from internally generated funds and borrowings under our credit facilities and commercial paper program.
The following table compares cash flow-related information for the years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022:
 Year Ended
(in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$2,684.5 $1,614.8 $1,431.5 
Investing activities(2,107.6)(1,253.8)(1,019.9)
Financing activities(530.0)(686.8)(836.5)
Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities increased $1,069.7 million in fiscal 2023 compared to fiscal 2022 primarily due to improving inventory levels, partially offset by lower current year earnings, net of non-cash items. Inventory decreased $335.6 million during fiscal 2023 compared to an increase of $1,085.4 million during fiscal 2022.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities increased $853.8 million in fiscal 2023 compared with fiscal 2022 due to higher capital expenditures in the current year.
Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities decreased $156.8 million in fiscal 2023 compared to fiscal 2022 primarily due to lower payments for stock repurchases in the current year.
For detail on our long-term and short-term borrowings and other commitments, refer to the discussion of “Funding Requirements” below, as well as Note 5 and Note 6 to our consolidated financial statements.
Share Repurchases
We repurchased 3,905,599, 4,613,696 and 9,156,898 shares of common stock on the open market in fiscal 2023, fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021, respectively, for $504.3 million, $647.5 million and $950.0 million, respectively. At February 3, 2024, we had $1.35 billion remaining under our existing $2.5 billion Board repurchase authorization.

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Funding Requirements
We expect our cash needs for opening new stores and expanding existing stores in fiscal 2024 to total approximately $650.0 million to $675.0 million, which includes capital expenditures, initial inventory and pre-opening costs. Our total estimated capital expenditures for fiscal 2024 are approximately $2.1 billion to $2.3 billion, including planned expenditures for our new and expanded stores, store renovations, supply chain and information technology investments, and other property improvements. We believe that we can adequately fund our working capital requirements and planned capital expenditures for the foreseeable future from net cash provided by operations, our commercial paper program and borrowings under our credit facilities.
Our material contractual obligations consist of long-term and short-term borrowings and related interest payments and operating lease obligations. Additionally, we have commitments related to ocean shipping contracts, software license and support agreements, telecommunication services and store technology assets and maintenance for our stores. Other commitments include letters of credit for imported merchandise, standby letters of credit that serve as collateral for our large-deductible insurance programs and surety bonds that serve as collateral for utility payments at our stores and self-insured insurance programs. For additional information regarding these obligations, including amounts outstanding at February 3, 2024, refer to Note 5, Note 6 and Note 7 to our consolidated financial statements.
Critical Accounting Estimates and Assumptions
Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). To prepare these financial statements, we must make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, as well as the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Our estimates are often based on complex judgments, probabilities and assumptions that management believes to be reasonable, but that are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. It is also possible that other professionals, applying reasonable judgment to the same facts and circumstances, could develop and support a range of alternative estimated amounts. Actual results could be significantly different from these estimates. Following is a discussion of the estimates that we consider critical.
Inventory Valuation
As discussed in Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements under the caption “Merchandise Inventories,” inventories at the distribution centers are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value with cost determined on a weighted-average basis. Cost is assigned to store inventories using the retail inventory method on a weighted-average basis. Under the retail inventory method, the valuation of inventories at cost and the resulting gross margins are computed by applying a calculated cost-to-retail ratio to the retail value of inventories. The retail inventory method is an averaging method that is widely used in the retail industry and results in valuing inventories at lower of cost or market when markdowns are taken as a reduction of the retail value of inventories on a timely basis.
Inventory valuation methods require certain management estimates and judgments, including estimates of future merchandise markdowns and shrink, which significantly affect the ending inventory valuation at cost as well as the resulting gross margins. The averaging required in applying the retail inventory method and the estimates of shrink and markdowns could, under certain circumstances, result in costs not being recorded in the proper period.
We estimate our markdown reserve based on the consideration of a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, quantities of slow moving or seasonal carryover merchandise on hand, historical markdown statistics and future merchandising plans. The accuracy of our estimates can be affected by many factors, some of which are outside of our control, including changes in economic conditions and consumer buying trends. Historically, we have not experienced significant differences in our estimated reserve for markdowns compared with actual results.
Our accrual for shrink is based on the shrink results of our most recent physical inventories adjusted, if necessary, for current economic conditions and business trends. These estimates are compared to actual results as physical inventory counts are taken and reconciled to the general ledger. Our physical inventory counts are generally taken between January and October of each year; therefore, the shrink accrual recorded at February 3, 2024 is based on estimated shrink for most of fiscal 2023, including the fourth quarter. We periodically adjust our shrink estimates to reflect our best estimates based on the factors described and, historically, these adjustments have not been material.
Our management believes that our application of the retail inventory method results in an inventory valuation that reasonably approximates cost and results in carrying inventory at the lower of cost or market each year on a consistent basis.

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Self-Insurance Liabilities
The liabilities related to our self-insurance programs for workers’ compensation, general liability and auto are estimates that require judgment and the use of assumptions. Semiannually, we obtain third-party actuarial valuations to aid in valuing these liabilities and in determining the amount to accrue during the year. These actuarial valuations are estimates based on our claims experience for current and prior periods, exposure and severity factors, historical loss development factors, and other actuarial assumptions and the related accruals are adjusted as management’s estimates change.
Management’s estimate for self-insurance liabilities could vary from the ultimate loss sustained given the difficulty in predicting future events; however, historically, the net total of these differences has not had a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations. Our self-insurance liabilities associated with workers’ compensation, general liability and auto are recorded within “Other current liabilities” and “Other liabilities” in the Consolidated Balance Sheets and amounted to $363.5 million and $318.2 million at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, respectively. The increase was primarily due to general liability claims beginning to develop and pay out at amounts significantly higher than anticipated, resulting in higher actuarially determined accruals.
Goodwill and Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are initially recorded at their fair values. These assets are not amortized but are evaluated annually for impairment. A more frequent evaluation is performed if events or circumstances indicate that impairment could have occurred. Such events or circumstances could include, but are not limited to, significant negative industry or economic trends, unanticipated changes in the competitive environment and a significant sustained decline in the market price of our stock.
For purposes of our goodwill impairment evaluation, the reporting units are Family Dollar, Dollar Tree and Dollar Tree Canada. Goodwill has been assigned to the reporting units based on prior business combinations related to the brands. We have the option to initially perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value is less than the carrying amount. Alternatively, we may bypass the qualitative assessment and proceed directly to performing the quantitative impairment test. In connection with the fiscal 2023 annual impairment evaluation, management’s qualitative assessment indicated that it was more likely than not that the fair value of the Family Dollar reporting unit was less than its carrying value. There were no indicators that the fair value of the Dollar Tree or Dollar Tree Canada reporting units were less than their carrying value. Therefore, management performed a quantitative assessment of both the Family Dollar goodwill and trade name.
We estimate the fair value using a combination of a market multiple method and a discounted cash flow method. Under the market multiple approach, we estimate a fair value based on comparable companies’ market multiples of revenues and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) and adjusted for a control premium. Under the discounted cash flow approach, we project future cash flows which are discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital analysis that reflects current market conditions, adjusted for specific reporting unit risks (primarily the uncertainty of achieving projected operating cash flows), in arriving at the fair value of the reporting unit. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to that excess.
The Family Dollar goodwill and trade name comprise a substantial portion of our goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets and management’s judgment utilized in the Family Dollar goodwill and trade name impairment evaluations is critical. The computations require management to make estimates and assumptions and actual results may differ significantly, particularly if there are significant adverse changes in the operating environment. Critical assumptions that are used as part of a quantitative Family Dollar goodwill evaluation include:
The potential future revenue, EBITDA and cash flows of the reporting unit. The projections use management’s assumptions about economic and market conditions over the projected period as well as our estimates of future performance and reporting unit revenue, gross margin, expenses and other factors. The resulting revenue, EBITDA and cash flow estimates are based on our most recent business operating plans, and various growth rates are assumed for years beyond the current business plan period. These operating plans include anticipated investments in associate wages, improved store execution, enhanced safety and working conditions, increased supply chain efficiencies, competitive pricing, and enhancements to our technology infrastructure. We believe that the assumptions, estimates and rates used in our fiscal 2023 impairment evaluations are reasonable; however, variations in the assumptions, estimates and rates could result in significantly different estimates of fair value.
Selection of an appropriate discount rate. Calculating the present value of future cash flows requires the selection of an appropriate discount rate, which is based on a weighted-average cost of capital analysis. The discount rate is affected by changes in short-term interest rates and long-term yield as well as variances in the typical capital structure of marketplace participants. Given current economic conditions, it is possible that the discount rate will fluctuate in the near term. We engaged third party experts to assist in the determination of the weighted-average cost of capital used to discount the cash flows for our Family Dollar reporting unit. The weighted-average cost of capital used to discount the cash flows for our evaluation was 10.5% for our fiscal 2023 analysis.
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Our evaluation of goodwill resulted in an impairment charge of $1,069.0 million in fiscal 2023 related to the Family Dollar reporting unit. Our evaluation of goodwill did not result in impairment charges being recorded in fiscal 2022 or fiscal 2021. The fiscal 2023 goodwill impairment was driven primarily by the Family Dollar reporting unit’s below plan performance, management’s store portfolio optimization review and the continued refinement of our transformational strategies which impact long-term growth rates between the segments.
Indefinite-lived intangible assets, such as the Family Dollar trade name, are not subject to amortization but are reviewed at least annually for impairment. The indefinite-lived intangible asset impairment evaluations are performed by comparing the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible assets to their carrying values. We estimate the fair value of our trade name intangible asset based on an income approach using the relief-from-royalty method. This approach is dependent upon a number of factors, including estimates of future growth and trends, royalty rates, discount rates and other variables. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain. The discount rate includes a premium compared to the discount rate used for the Family Dollar goodwill impairment evaluation due to the inherently higher risk profile of intangible assets compared to the overall reporting unit.
Our evaluation of the Family Dollar trade name resulted in an impairment charge of $950.0 million in fiscal 2023. Our evaluation of the Family Dollar trade name did not result in impairment charges being recorded during fiscal 2022 or fiscal 2021. The fiscal 2023 trade name impairment was driven primarily by a decrease in the royalty rate assumption based on lower future growth rates and operating income margin assumptions for the Family Dollar reporting unit.
For additional information related to goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, including the related impairment evaluations, refer to Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements under the caption “Goodwill and Nonamortizing Intangible Assets” and Note 15. For additional information related to uncertainties associated with the key assumptions and any potential events and/or circumstances that could have a negative effect on the key assumptions, please refer to “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and elsewhere within this “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” If our assumptions and related estimates change in the future, we may be required to record impairment charges against earnings in future periods. Any impairment charges that we may take in the future could be material to our results of operations and financial condition.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Refer to Note 2 to our consolidated financial statements for a summary of our significant accounting policies and our assessment of recently issued accounting standards.
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to various types of market risk in the normal course of our business, including the impact of interest rate changes, diesel fuel cost changes and inflation. We may enter into interest rate or diesel fuel swaps to manage exposure to interest rate and diesel fuel price changes. We do not enter into derivative instruments for any purpose other than cash flow hedging and we do not hold derivative instruments for trading purposes.
Interest Rate Risk
Our exposure to interest rate risk relates to our revolving credit facility and borrowings under our commercial paper program. At February 3, 2024, there were no borrowings outstanding under the revolving credit facility or the commercial paper program.
Inflation Risk
The primary inflationary factors impacting our business include changes to the costs of merchandise, transportation (including the cost of diesel fuel), and labor. If these inflationary pressures become significant, we may not be able to fully offset such higher costs through price increases on the Family Dollar banner or through adjustments to our product assortment, improvements in operational efficiencies or increases in our comparable store net sales on the Dollar Tree banner. Our inability or failure to do so could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


INDEX TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Page
  
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors
Dollar Tree, Inc.:
Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Dollar Tree, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three‑year period ended February 3, 2024, and the related notes (collectively, the consolidated financial statements). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three‑year period ended February 3, 2024, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated March 20, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
Basis for Opinion
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the consolidated financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the consolidated financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.
Evaluation of estimated self-insurance liability
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company considers actuarial assumptions to estimate its self-insurance liability. As of February 3, 2024, the Company recorded an estimated liability of $363.5 million.
We identified the evaluation of the estimated self-insurance liability as a critical audit matter. The estimation process involves auditor judgment and actuarial expertise to evaluate the actuarial methods and assumptions that are used to estimate future claim payments. Specifically, the evaluation includes the assumptions related to the loss development factors and expected loss rates which are primarily driven by historical claims paid and incurred data.
The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls over the Company’s self-insurance liability estimation process. This included controls related to (1) the selection of the actuarial methods, and the development of the loss development factors and expected loss rates used to calculate the liability, and (2) the completeness and accuracy of historical claims paid and incurred data. We assessed the Company’s estimate of the liability by testing a selection of certain data, including claims data, utilized by the Company’s actuary by comparing it to relevant documentation. We involved actuarial professionals with specialized skills and knowledge, who assisted in:
40

assessing the Company’s actuarial methods by comparing them to generally accepted actuarial methodologies; and
evaluating the Company’s actuarial estimates and assumptions related to the loss development factors and expected loss rates, by comparing them to generally accepted actuarial methodologies and the Company’s historical data and trends.
Trade name intangible asset and goodwill impairment
As discussed in Notes 2 and 15 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company performs trade name intangible asset and goodwill impairment testing on an annual basis and when events and changes in circumstances indicate possible impairment of these assets. To estimate the fair value of the Family Dollar trade name intangible asset (Family Dollar trade name), the Company uses the relief-from-royalty method. To estimate the fair value of the Family Dollar reporting unit for its impairment testing of goodwill (Family Dollar goodwill), the Company uses a combination of a market multiple method and a discounted cash flow method. The impairment charges for the year ended February 3, 2024 were $950.0 million for the Family Dollar trade name and $1,069.0 million for the Family Dollar goodwill.
We identified the evaluation of the Company’s impairment testing of the Family Dollar trade name and goodwill as a critical audit matter. Subjective auditor judgment and specialized skills and knowledge were required to evaluate the key assumptions used to estimate the fair value of the Family Dollar trade name, specifically the revenue growth rates, discount rate, and company-specific royalty rate, as well as the fair value of the Family Dollar reporting unit, specifically the revenue growth rates and discount rate. Minor changes to these assumptions could have had a significant effect on the fair values determined and the resulting assessment of the carrying value of the Family Dollar trade name and goodwill.
The following are the primary procedures we performed to address this critical audit matter. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of certain internal controls over the goodwill and intangible asset impairment process, including controls related to the determination and development of the identified assumptions. We assessed the Company’s ability to forecast by comparing the Company’s historical forecasts to actual results. We evaluated the revenue growth rates by comparing them to historical results and performing sensitivity analyses. We involved valuation professionals with specialized skills and knowledge, who assisted in:
evaluating the revenue growth rates by comparing them to publicly available market data for comparable companies
assessing the discount rates by comparing them to a range of discount rates developed using publicly available market data for comparable companies
assessing the company-specific royalty rate by comparing it to publicly available market data for comparable licensing agreements.

/s/ KPMG LLP
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 1987.

Virginia Beach, Virginia
March 20, 2024

41

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 Year Ended
(in millions, except per share data)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Net sales$30,581.6 $28,318.2 $26,309.8 
Other revenue22.2 13.5 11.4 
Total revenue30,603.8 28,331.7 26,321.2 
Cost of sales21,272.0 19,396.3 18,583.9 
Selling, general and administrative expenses,
    excluding Goodwill impairment
9,144.6 6,699.1 5,925.9 
Goodwill impairment1,069.0   
Selling, general and administrative expenses10,213.6 6,699.1 5,925.9 
Operating income (loss)(881.8)2,236.3 1,811.4 
Interest expense, net106.8 125.3 178.9 
Other expense, net0.1 0.4 0.3 
Income (loss) before income taxes(988.7)2,110.6 1,632.2 
Provision for income taxes9.7 495.2 304.3 
Net income (loss)$(998.4)$1,615.4 $1,327.9 
Basic net income (loss) per share of common stock$(4.55)$7.24 $5.83 
Diluted net income (loss) per share of common stock$(4.55)$7.21 $5.80 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic219.5223.2227.9
Diluted219.5224.1229.0

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
42

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Year Ended
(in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Net income (loss)$(998.4)$1,615.4 $1,327.9 
Foreign currency translation adjustments(2.4)(6.0) 
Total comprehensive income (loss)$(1,000.8)$1,609.4 $1,327.9 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
43

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in millions, except share and per share data)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023
ASSETS  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$684.9 $642.8 
Merchandise inventories5,112.8 5,449.3 
Other current assets335.0 275.0 
Total current assets6,132.7 6,367.1 
Restricted cash72.3 68.5 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $6,631.4 and $6,025.4,
    respectively
6,144.1 4,972.2 
Operating lease right-of-use assets6,488.3 6,458.0 
Goodwill913.8 1,983.1 
Trade name intangible asset2,150.0 3,100.0 
Deferred tax asset9.0 15.0 
Other assets113.3 58.2 
Total assets$22,023.5 $23,022.1 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
Current liabilities:  
Current portion of operating lease liabilities$1,513.0 $1,449.6 
Accounts payable2,063.8 1,899.8 
Income taxes payable52.7 58.1 
Other current liabilities1,067.2 817.7 
Total current liabilities4,696.7 4,225.2 
Long-term debt, net3,426.3 3,421.6 
Operating lease liabilities, long-term5,447.6 5,255.3 
Deferred income taxes, net841.1 1,105.7 
Income taxes payable, long-term22.0 17.4 
Other liabilities276.7 245.4 
Total liabilities14,710.4 14,270.6 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)
Shareholders’ equity:  
Common stock, par value $0.01; 600,000,000 shares authorized, 217,907,206 and
  221,222,984 shares issued and outstanding at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023,
  respectively
2.2 2.2 
Additional paid-in capital229.9 667.5 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(43.6)(41.2)
Retained earnings7,124.6 8,123.0 
Total shareholders’ equity7,313.1 8,751.5 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$22,023.5 $23,022.1 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
44

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
YEARS ENDED FEBRUARY 3, 2024, JANUARY 28, 2023, AND JANUARY 29, 2022

(in millions)Common
Stock
Shares
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Retained
Earnings
Shareholders’
Equity
Balance at January 30, 2021
233.4 $2.3 $2,138.5 $(35.2)$5,179.7 $7,285.3 
Net income— — — — 1,327.9 1,327.9 
Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
0.1 — 10.4 — — 10.4 
Exercise of stock options0.1 — 7.4 — — 7.4 
Stock-based compensation, net0.7 — 37.5 — — 37.5 
Repurchase of stock(9.2)(0.1)(949.9)— — (950.0)
Balance at January 29, 2022
225.1 2.2 1,243.9 (35.2)6,507.6 7,718.5 
Net income— — — — 1,615.4 1,615.4 
Total other comprehensive loss— — — (6.0)— (6.0)
Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
0.1 — 9.3 — — 9.3 
Stock-based compensation, net0.6 — 61.8 — — 61.8 
Repurchase of stock(4.6)— (647.5)— — (647.5)
Balance at January 28, 2023
221.2 2.2 667.5 (41.2)8,123.0 8,751.5 
Net income (loss)— — — — (998.4)(998.4)
Total other comprehensive loss— — — (2.4)— (2.4)
Issuance of stock under Employee Stock
    Purchase Plan
— — 9.9 — — 9.9 
Exercise of stock options— — 0.1 — — 0.1 
Stock-based compensation, net0.6 — 56.7 — — 56.7 
Repurchase of stock(3.9)— (500.0)— — (500.0)
Excise tax on repurchase of stock— — (4.3)— — (4.3)
Balance at February 3, 2024
217.9 $2.2 $229.9 $(43.6)$7,124.6 $7,313.1 

See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
45

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
 Year Ended
(in millions)February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income (loss)$(998.4)$1,615.4 $1,327.9 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Goodwill impairment1,069.0   
Depreciation and amortization841.0 767.9 716.0 
Provision for deferred income taxes(258.6)123.0 (23.2)
Stock-based compensation expense96.7 110.4 79.9 
Impairments, excluding goodwill1,461.5 40.0 4.4 
Other non-cash adjustments to net income (loss)20.7 23.7 15.7 
Loss on debt extinguishment  43.8 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Merchandise inventories335.6 (1,085.4)(940.4)
Other current assets(60.1)(17.9)(49.9)
Other assets(55.7)(6.8)(2.6)
Accounts payable164.4 16.8 403.8 
Income taxes payable(5.5)(24.5)(3.7)
Other current liabilities193.0 (2.2)(36.5)
Other liabilities35.9 (14.4)(98.2)
Operating lease right-of-use assets and liabilities, net(155.0)68.8 (5.5)
Net cash provided by operating activities2,684.5 1,614.8 1,431.5 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Capital expenditures(2,101.3)(1,248.8)(1,021.2)
Proceeds from governmental grant  2.9 
Payments for fixed asset disposition(6.3)(5.0)(1.6)
Net cash used in investing activities(2,107.6)(1,253.8)(1,019.9)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Proceeds from long-term debt, net of discount  1,197.4 
Principal payments for long-term debt  (1,000.0)
Debt-issuance and debt extinguishment costs  (59.3)
Proceeds from revolving credit facility 555.0  
Repayments of revolving credit facility (555.0) 
Proceeds from commercial paper notes1,067.9   
Repayments of commercial paper notes(1,067.9)  
Proceeds from stock issued pursuant to stock-based compensation plans10.0 9.3 17.8 
Cash paid for taxes on exercises/vesting of stock-based compensation(40.0)(48.6)(42.4)
Payments for repurchase of stock(500.0)(647.5)(950.0)
Net cash used in financing activities(530.0)(686.8)(836.5)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(1.0)(1.2)(0.4)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash45.9 (327.0)(425.3)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of year711.3 1,038.3 1,463.6 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of year$757.2 $711.3 $1,038.3 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:   
Cash paid for:   
Interest, net of amounts capitalized$131.4 $132.2 $176.1 
Income taxes$274.0 $401.3 $363.4 
Non-cash transactions:
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities$1,893.1 $1,538.3 $1,495.3 
Accrued capital expenditures$138.8 $86.6 $68.3 
 
See accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
46

DOLLAR TREE, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1 - Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
Description of Business
Unless otherwise stated, references to “we,” “us,” and “our” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K refer to Dollar Tree, Inc. and its direct and indirect subsidiaries on a consolidated basis.
We are a leading operator of discount retail stores in the United States and Canada.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the financial st