Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Dow Chemical
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$52.93 749 $39,640
10-Q 2019-03-31 Quarter: 2019-03-31
10-K 2018-12-31 Annual: 2018-12-31
10-Q 2018-09-30 Quarter: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-K 2017-12-31 Annual: 2017-12-31
10-Q 2017-09-30 Quarter: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-K 2016-12-31 Annual: 2016-12-31
10-Q 2016-09-30 Quarter: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-K 2015-12-31 Annual: 2015-12-31
10-Q 2015-09-30 Quarter: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-K 2014-12-31 Annual: 2014-12-31
10-Q 2014-09-30 Quarter: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-K 2013-12-31 Annual: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-06-03 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-20 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-20 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2019-05-02 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-04-01 M&A, Control, Exhibits
8-K 2019-03-08 Suspend Trading, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-30 Other Events, Exhibits
8-K 2018-11-28 Regulation FD, Exhibits
CCO Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings 1,820
HNI HNI 1,580
CEPU Central Puerto 1,420
RTEC Rudolph Technologies 782
CVRS Corindus Vascular Robotics 589
VTVT VTV Therapeutics 39
HIHO Highway Holdings 12
GOVX Geovax Labs 0
IAMXU I-Am Capital Acquisition 0
SCGY Scientific Energy 0
DOW 2019-03-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements
Note 1 - Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 2 - Recent Accounting Guidance
Note 3 - Revenue
Note 4 - Restructuring and Asset Related Charges - Net
Note 5 - Inventories
Note 6 - Nonconsolidated Affiliates
Note 7 - Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Note 8 - Transfers of Financial Assets
Note 9 - Notes Payable, Long-Term Debt and Available Credit Facilities
Note 10 - Commitments and Contingent Liabilities
Note 11 - Leases
Note 12 - Stockholders' Equity
Note 13 - Noncontrolling Interests
Note 14 - Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefits
Note 15 - Financial Instruments
Note 16 - Fair Value Measurements
Note 17 - Variable Interest Entities
Note 18 - Related Party Transactions
Note 19 - Subsequent Event
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Item 5. Other Information
Item 6. Exhibits
EX-10.8 tdcc-q1x3312019ex108.htm
EX-10.10 dowinc-q1x3312019ex1010.htm
EX-23 dowinc-q1x3312019ex23.htm
EX-31.1 dowinc-q1x3312019ex311.htm
EX-31.2 dowinc-q1x3312019ex312.htm
EX-32.1 dowinc-q1x3312019ex321.htm
EX-32.2 dowinc-q1x3312019ex322.htm

Dow Chemical Earnings 2019-03-31

DOW 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 dowinc-q1x3312019.htm 10-Q Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q

þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended MARCH 31, 2019
or
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________to__________
Commission File Number
Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter, Principal Office Address and Telephone Number
State of Incorporation or Organization
I.R.S. Employer Identification No.
001-38646
Dow Inc.
Delaware
30-1128146
 
2211 H.H. Dow Way, Midland, MI 48674
 
 
 
(989) 636-1000
 
 
001-03433
The Dow Chemical Company
Delaware
38-1285128
 
2211 H.H. Dow Way, Midland, MI 48674
 
 
 
(989) 636-1000
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Dow Inc. þ   Yes    ¨  No
The Dow Chemical Company þ   Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Dow Inc. þ   Yes    ¨  No
The Dow Chemical Company þ   Yes    ¨  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Dow Inc.
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated
filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer þ
Smaller reporting company ¨
Emerging growth company ¨
The Dow Chemical Company
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated
filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer þ
Smaller reporting company ¨
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Dow Inc. ¨ 
The Dow Chemical Company ¨  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Dow Inc. ¨   Yes    þ  No
The Dow Chemical Company ¨   Yes    þ  No
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Registrant
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Dow Inc.
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share
DOW
New York Stock Exchange
At April 30, 2019, Dow Inc. had 748,824,164 shares of common stock outstanding. At April 30, 2019, The Dow Chemical Company had 100 shares of common stock outstanding, all of which were held by the registrant’s parent, Dow Inc.
This filing is a reduced disclosure format for The Dow Chemical Company as it meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction H(l)(a) and (b) for Form 10-Q.



Dow Inc.
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dow Inc. and The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 

2


Dow Inc.
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, is a combined report being filed separately by Dow Inc. and The Dow Chemical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries (“TDCC” and together with Dow Inc., "Dow"). Each of Dow Inc. and TDCC is filing information included in this report on its own behalf and neither company makes any representation as to information relating to the other company.

Background
Effective August 31, 2017, pursuant to the merger of equals transaction contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of December 11, 2015, as amended on March 31, 2017, TDCC and E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company and its consolidated subsidiaries (“DuPont”) each merged with subsidiaries of DowDuPont Inc. (“DowDuPont”) and, as a result, TDCC and DuPont became subsidiaries of DowDuPont (the “Merger”). Subsequent to the Merger, TDCC and DuPont engaged in a series of internal reorganization and realignment steps to realign their businesses into three subgroups: agriculture, materials science and specialty products. Dow Inc. was formed as a wholly owned subsidiary of DowDuPont to serve as the holding company for the materials science business.

As a result of Dow Inc.'s Registration Statement on Form 10 becoming effective on March 12, 2019 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), Dow Inc. is now required to file a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. At March 31, 2019, Dow Inc. and TDCC were separate, wholly owned subsidiaries of DowDuPont. At March 31, 2019, Dow Inc. was a holding company that did not have subsidiaries or operations. As a result, financial statements of Dow Inc. have not been included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and, unless otherwise indicated, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and notes thereto relate to TDCC.

On April 1, 2019, DowDuPont completed the separation of its materials science business and Dow Inc. became the direct parent company of TDCC, owning all of the outstanding common shares of TDCC. For filings relating to the period commencing April 1, 2019 and thereafter, TDCC will be deemed the predecessor to Dow Inc. and the historical results of TDCC will be deemed the historical results of Dow Inc. for periods prior to and including March 31, 2019. As a result of the future relationship between Dow Inc. and TDCC, the companies are filing a combined report for this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This presentation contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws, including Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In this context, forward-looking statements often address expected future business and financial performance, financial condition, and other matters, and often contain words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “opportunity,” “outlook,” “plan,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “strategy,” "target," “will,” “will be,” “will continue,” “will likely result,” “would” and similar expressions, and variations or negatives of these words. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, expectations as to future sales of Dow’s products; the ability to protect Dow’s intellectual property in the United States and abroad; estimates regarding Dow’s capital requirements and need for and availability of financing; estimates of Dow’s expenses, future revenues and profitability; estimates of the size of the markets for Dow’s products and services and Dow’s ability to compete in such markets; expectations related to the rate and degree of market acceptance of Dow’s products; the outcome of certain Dow contingencies, such as litigation and environmental matters; estimates of the success of competing technologies that may become available and expectations regarding the benefits and costs associated with each of the foregoing.

Forward-looking statements by their nature address matters that are, to different degrees, uncertain. Forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and expectations of future events which may not be realized and speak only as of the date the statements were made. In addition, forward-looking statements also involve risks, uncertainties and other factors that are beyond Dow’s control that could cause Dow’s actual results to differ materially from those projected, anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to: fluctuations in energy and raw material prices; failure to develop and market new products and optimally manage product life cycles; significant litigation and environmental matters; failure to appropriately manage process safety and product stewardship issues; changes in laws and regulations or political conditions; global economic and capital markets conditions, such as inflation, market uncertainty, interest and currency exchange rates, and equity and commodity prices; business or supply disruptions; security threats, such as acts of sabotage, terrorism or war, weather events and natural disasters; ability to protect, defend and enforce Dow’s intellectual property rights; increased competition; changes in

3


relationships with Dow’s significant customers and suppliers; unanticipated expenses such as litigation or legal settlement expenses; unanticipated business disruptions; Dow’s ability to predict, identify and interpret changes in consumer preferences and demand; Dow’s ability to complete proposed divestitures or acquisitions; Dow’s ability to realize the expected benefits of acquisitions if they are completed; the availability of financing to Dow in the future and the terms and conditions of such financing; and disruptions in Dow’s information technology networks and systems. Additionally, there may be other risks and uncertainties that Dow is unable to identify at this time or that Dow does not currently expect to have a material impact on its business.

Risks related to achieving the anticipated benefits of Dow's separation from DowDuPont include, but are not limited to, a number of conditions outside the control of Dow including risks related to (i) our inability to achieve some or all of the benefits that we expect to receive from the separation, (ii) certain tax risks associated with the separation, (iii) our inability to make necessary changes to operate as a stand-alone company, (iv) the failure of our pro forma financial information to be a reliable indicator of our future results, (v) our inability to enjoy the same benefits of diversity, leverage and market reputation that we enjoyed as a combined company, (vi) restrictions under the intellectual property cross-license agreements, (vii) our inability to receive third-party consents required under the separation agreement, (viii) our customers, suppliers and others' perception of our financial stability on a stand alone basis, (ix) non-compete restrictions under the separation agreement, (x) receipt of less favorable terms in the commercial agreements we will enter into with DuPont and Corteva, Inc. ("Corteva") than we would have received from an unaffiliated third party and (xi) our indemnification of DuPont and/or Corteva for certain liabilities.

Where, in any forward-looking statement, an expectation or belief as to future results or events is expressed, such expectation or belief is based on the current plans and expectations of management and expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that the expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. For a more detailed discussion of Dow’s risks and uncertainties, see the “Risk Factors” contained in the Information Statement filed as Exhibit 99.1 to Amendment No. 4 to the Registration Statement of Dow Inc. on Form 10, filed with the SEC on March 8, 2019, and Part I, Item 1A of TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 11, 2019. Dow undertakes no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements whether because of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by securities and other applicable laws.



4


PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
 
 
Three Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited)
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Net sales
$
13,582

$
14,899

Cost of sales
10,707

11,552

Research and development expenses
361

386

Selling, general and administrative expenses
701

751

Amortization of intangibles
154

159

Restructuring and asset related charges - net
232

165

Integration and separation costs
408

202

Equity in earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates
13

243

Sundry income (expense) - net
73

83

Interest expense and amortization of debt discount
247

270

Income before income taxes
858

1,740

Provision for income taxes
272

363

Net income
586

1,377

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
45

35

Net income available for The Dow Chemical Company common stockholder
$
541

$
1,342

 
 
 
Depreciation
$
598

$
621

Capital expenditures
$
514

$
423

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.


5


The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
 
Three Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited)
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Net income
$
586

$
1,377

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
Unrealized gains (losses) on investments
67

(25
)
Cumulative translation adjustments
(31
)
376

Pension and other postretirement benefit plans
141

126

Derivative instruments
(75
)
6

Total other comprehensive income
102

483

Comprehensive income
688

1,860

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of tax
51

28

Comprehensive income attributable to The Dow Chemical Company
$
637

$
1,832

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

6


The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
In millions, except share amounts (Unaudited)
Mar 31,
2019
Dec 31,
2018
Assets
 
 
Current Assets
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents (variable interest entities restricted - 2019: $109; 2018: $82)
$
2,969

$
2,669

Marketable securities
101

100

Accounts and notes receivable:
 
 
Trade (net of allowance for doubtful receivables - 2019: $109; 2018: $106)
8,428

8,246

Other
3,947

4,136

Inventories
9,508

9,260

Other current assets
708

852

Total current assets
25,661

25,263

Investments
 
 
Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates
3,321

3,823

Other investments (investments carried at fair value - 2019: $1,796; 2018: $1,699)
2,737

2,648

Noncurrent receivables
345

394

Total investments
6,403

6,865

Property
 
 
Property
61,764

61,437

Less accumulated depreciation
38,272

37,775

Net property (variable interest entities restricted - 2019: $718; 2018: $734)
23,492

23,662

Other Assets
 
 
Goodwill
13,812

13,848

Other intangible assets (net of accumulated amortization - 2019: $5,912; 2018: $5,762)
4,743

4,913

Operating lease right-of-use assets
2,584


Deferred income tax assets
2,183

2,031

Deferred charges and other assets
859

796

Total other assets
24,181

21,588

Total Assets
$
79,737

$
77,378

Liabilities and Equity
 
 
Current Liabilities
 
 
Notes payable
$
317

$
305

Long-term debt due within one year
2,369

340

Accounts payable:
 
 
Trade
5,103

5,378

Other
3,176

3,330

Operating lease liabilities - current
477


Income taxes payable
699

791

Accrued and other current liabilities
3,232

3,611

Total current liabilities
15,373

13,755

Long-Term Debt (variable interest entities nonrecourse - 2019: $43; 2018: $75)
17,160

19,254

Other Noncurrent Liabilities
 
 
Deferred income tax liabilities
721

664

Pension and other postretirement benefits - noncurrent
9,103

9,226

Asbestos-related liabilities - noncurrent
1,133

1,142

Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent
2,126


Other noncurrent obligations
5,975

5,368

Total other noncurrent liabilities
19,058

16,400

Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
Common stock (authorized and issued 100 shares of $0.01 par value each)


Additional paid-in capital
7,153

7,042

Retained earnings
29,701

29,808

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(9,783
)
(9,885
)
Unearned ESOP shares
(105
)
(134
)
The Dow Chemical Company’s stockholders’ equity
26,966

26,831

Noncontrolling interests
1,180

1,138

Total equity
28,146

27,969

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
79,737

$
77,378

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

7


The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
Three Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited)
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Operating Activities
 
 
Net income
$
586

$
1,377

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:


Depreciation and amortization
840

837

Credit for deferred income tax
(89
)
(67
)
Earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates less than dividends received
750

287

Net periodic pension benefit cost
62

110

Pension contributions
(103
)
(308
)
Net (gain) loss on sales of assets, businesses and investments
12

(33
)
Restructuring and asset related charges - net
232

165

Other net loss
39

98

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquired and divested companies:
 
 
Accounts and notes receivable
(58
)
(1,524
)
Inventories
(266
)
(1,239
)
Accounts payable
(468
)
823

Other assets and liabilities, net
(111
)
(684
)
Cash provided by (used for) operating activities
1,426

(158
)
Investing Activities
 
 
Capital expenditures
(514
)
(423
)
Investment in gas field developments
(25
)
(28
)
Proceeds from sales of property and businesses, net of cash divested
25

17

Proceeds from sale of ownership interests in nonconsolidated affiliates
21


Purchases of investments
(173
)
(557
)
Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments
180

454

Proceeds from interests in trade accounts receivable conduits

445

Cash used for investing activities
(486
)
(92
)
Financing Activities
 
 
Changes in short-term notes payable
(17
)
293

Payments on long-term debt
(80
)
(54
)
Proceeds from issuance of parent company stock
28

63

Employee taxes paid for share-based payment arrangements
(54
)
(77
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(9
)
(24
)
Dividends paid to parent
(535
)
(1,057
)
Other financing activities, net

3

Cash used for financing activities
(667
)
(853
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
30

100

Summary
 
 
Increase (Decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
303

(1,003
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
2,709

6,207

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
3,012

$
5,204

Less: Restricted cash and cash equivalents, included in "Other current assets"
43

18

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
2,969

$
5,186

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

8


The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Equity
 
 
Three Months Ended
In millions (Unaudited)
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Common Stock
 
 
Balance at beginning and end of period
$

$

Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
7,042

6,553

Issuance of parent company stock
28

63

Stock-based compensation and allocation of ESOP shares
83

142

Balance at end of period
7,153

6,758

Retained Earnings
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
29,808

28,050

Net income available for The Dow Chemical Company common stockholder
541

1,342

Dividends to parent
(535
)
(1,057
)
Adoption of accounting standards (Notes 1, 2 and 6)
(111
)
(68
)
Other
(2
)
(6
)
Balance at end of period
29,701

28,261

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
(9,885
)
(8,591
)
Other comprehensive income
102

483

Adoption of accounting standards (Note 1)

20

Balance at end of period
(9,783
)
(8,088
)
Unearned ESOP Shares
 
 
Balance at beginning of period
(134
)
(189
)
Allocation of ESOP shares
29

39

Balance at end of period
(105
)
(150
)
The Dow Chemical Company's stockholders' equity
26,966

26,781

Noncontrolling Interests
1,180

1,190

Total Equity
$
28,146

$
27,971

See Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.











9


Dow Inc.
The Dow Chemical Company and Subsidiaries
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Table of Contents


NOTE 1 – CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Merger and Separation
Effective August 31, 2017, pursuant to the merger of equals transaction contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement"), dated as of December 11, 2015, as amended on March 31, 2017, The Dow Chemical Company and its consolidated subsidiaries (“TDCC”) and E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company and its consolidated subsidiaries (“DuPont”) each merged with subsidiaries of DowDuPont Inc. (“DowDuPont”) and, as a result, TDCC and DuPont became subsidiaries of DowDuPont (the “Merger”). Subsequent to the Merger, TDCC and DuPont engaged in a series of internal reorganization and realignment steps to realign their businesses into three subgroups: agriculture, materials science and specialty products. Dow Inc. (together with TDCC, “Dow”) was formed as a wholly owned subsidiary of DowDuPont to serve as the holding company for the materials science business. On April 1, 2019, DowDuPont completed the separation of its materials science business and Dow Inc. became the direct parent company of TDCC. See Note 19 for additional information.

Basis of Presentation
As a result of Dow Inc.'s Registration Statement on Form 10 becoming effective on March 12, 2019 with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), Dow Inc. is now required to file a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. At March 31, 2019, Dow Inc. and TDCC were separate, wholly owned subsidiaries of DowDuPont. At March 31, 2019, Dow Inc. was a holding company that did not have subsidiaries or operations. As a result, financial statements of Dow Inc. have not been included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and, unless otherwise indicated, the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements and notes thereto relate to TDCC.

Effective April 1, 2019, Dow Inc. owns all of the outstanding common shares of TDCC. TDCC is deemed the predecessor to Dow Inc. and the historical results of TDCC are deemed the historical results of Dow Inc. for periods prior to and including March 31, 2019. As a result of the future relationship between Dow Inc. and TDCC, the companies are filing a combined report for this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 

10


The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of TDCC were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and reflect all adjustments (including normal recurring accruals) which, in the opinion of management, are considered necessary for the fair presentation of the results for the periods presented. These statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

For the periods presented in the unaudited interim consolidated financial statements, TDCC's common shares were owned solely by DowDuPont. In accordance with the accounting guidance for earnings per share, the presentation of earnings per share is not required in financial statements of wholly owned subsidiaries.
 
From the Merger date through March 31, 2019, transactions between DowDuPont, TDCC and DuPont and their affiliates were treated as related party transactions. Transactions between TDCC and DuPont primarily consisted of the sale and procurement of certain feedstocks, energy and raw materials that were consumed in each company's manufacturing process. In addition, TDCC and DuPont have tolling arrangements and recognize product sales for agriculture products. See Note 18 for additional information.

From the Merger date and through March 31, 2019, TDCC’s business activities were components of DowDuPont’s business operations. TDCC’s business activities, including the assessment of performance and allocation of resources, were reviewed and managed by DowDuPont. Information used by the chief operating decision maker of TDCC related to TDCC in its entirety. Accordingly, there were no separate reportable business segments for TDCC under Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 280 “Segment Reporting” and TDCC's business results have been reported in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as a single operating segment.
 
Except as otherwise indicated by the context, the term "Union Carbide" means Union Carbide Corporation, and "Dow Silicones" means Dow Silicones Corporation, both wholly owned subsidiaries of TDCC.

Adoption of Accounting Standards
2019
In the first quarter of 2019, TDCC adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," and associated ASUs related to Topic 842. See Notes 2 and 11 for additional information. TDCC added a significant accounting policy for leases as a result of the adoption of Topic 842:

Leases
TDCC determines whether a contract contains a lease at contract inception. A contract contains a lease if there is an identified asset and TDCC has the right to control the asset.

Operating lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets represent TDCC’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent TDCC’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. TDCC uses the incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”) in determining the present value of lease payments, unless the implicit rate is readily determinable. If lease terms include options to extend or terminate the lease, the ROU asset and lease liability are measured based on the reasonably certain decision. Leases with a term of 12 months or less at the commencement date are not recognized on the balance sheet and are expensed as incurred.

TDCC has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which are accounted for as a single lease component for all classes of leased assets for which TDCC is the lessee. Additionally, for certain equipment leases, the portfolio approach is applied to account for the operating lease ROU assets and lease liabilities. In the consolidated statements of income, lease expense for operating lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. For finance leases, interest expense is recognized on the lease liability and the ROU asset is amortized over the lease term.

Some leasing arrangements require variable payments that are dependent upon usage or output, or may vary for other reasons, such as insurance or tax payments. Variable lease payments are recognized as incurred and are not presented as part of the ROU asset or lease liability.

Additionally, TDCC's consolidated balance sheet reflects the impact of the adoption of ASU 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)" and the associated ASUs (collectively, "Topic 606") at January 1, 2019, by certain nonconsolidated affiliates of TDCC. See Note 6 for additional information.


11


2018
In the first quarter of 2018, TDCC adopted Topic 606, ASU 2016-01, "Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities" and ASU 2016-16, "Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory." The adoption of these ASU's resulted in a net decrease of $68 million to retained earnings and a decrease of $20 million to accumulated other comprehensive loss ("AOCL") in the consolidated statements of equity at January 1, 2018.

Dividends
Effective with the Merger, TDCC no longer has publicly traded common stock. TDCC's common shares are owned solely by DowDuPont. As a result, following the Merger, TDCC’s Board of Directors ("Board") determined dividend distributions to DowDuPont. See Note 18 for additional information.


NOTE 2 – RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE
Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance
In the first quarter of 2019, TDCC adopted ASU 2016-02, "Leases (Topic 842)," and associated ASUs related to Topic 842, which requires organizations that lease assets to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. The new guidance requires that a lessee recognize assets and liabilities for leases, and recognition, presentation and measurement in the financial statements will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. In addition, the new guidance requires disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. Lessor accounting remains largely unchanged from legacy U.S. GAAP but does contain some targeted improvements to align with the new revenue recognition guidance in Topic 606, issued in 2014. The new standard was effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption was permitted.

TDCC adopted Topic 842 using the modified retrospective transition approach, applying the new standard to leases existing at the date of initial adoption. TDCC elected to apply the transition requirements at the effective date rather than at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented with a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption, and prior periods were not restated. In addition, TDCC elected to apply the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance which does not require reassessment of prior conclusions, lease classification and initial direct lease costs. TDCC did not elect to use the hindsight practical expedient in determining the lease term or assessing impairment of ROU assets. Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of lease assets and liabilities of $2.7 billion at January 1, 2019. The net impact to retained earnings was an increase of $72 million and was primarily a result of the recognition of a deferred gain associated with a prior sale-leaseback transaction. The adoption of the new guidance did not have a material impact on TDCC's consolidated statements of income and had no impact on cash flows. See Note 11 for additional information.

Accounting Guidance Issued But Not Adopted at March 31, 2019
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2018-13, "Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement," which is part of the FASB disclosure framework project to improve the effectiveness of disclosures in the notes to the financial statements. The amendments in the new guidance remove, modify and add certain disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements covered in Topic 820, "Fair Value Measurement." The new standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for either the entire standard or only the requirements that modify or eliminate the disclosure requirements, with certain requirements applied prospectively, and all other requirements applied retrospectively to all periods presented. TDCC is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract," which requires a customer in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract to follow the internal-use software guidance in Topic 350, "Intangibles - Goodwill and Other" to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as assets or expense as incurred. The new standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted and an entity can elect to apply the new guidance on a prospective or retrospective basis. TDCC is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this guidance.



12


NOTE 3 – REVENUE
Revenue Recognition
The majority of TDCC's revenue is derived from product sales. In the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, 98 percent of TDCC's revenue related to product sales with the remaining balance primarily related to TDCC's insurance operations and licensing of patents and technologies. Product sales consist of sales of TDCC's products to manufacturers and distributors and considers order confirmations or purchase orders, which in some cases are governed by master supply agreements, to be contracts with a customer. TDCC enters into licensing arrangements in which it licenses certain rights of its patents and technology to customers. Revenue from TDCC’s licenses for patents and technology is derived from sales-based royalties and licensing arrangements based on billing schedules established in each contract.

Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied performance obligations. At March 31, 2019, TDCC had remaining performance obligations related to material rights granted to customers for contract renewal options of $100 million ($102 million at December 31, 2018) and unfulfilled performance obligations for the licensing of technology of $519 million ($407 million at December 31, 2018). TDCC expects revenue to be recognized for the remaining performance obligations over the next one to six years.

The remaining performance obligations are for product sales that have expected durations of one year or less, product sales of materials delivered through a pipeline for which TDCC has elected the right to invoice practical expedient, or variable consideration attributable to royalties for licenses of patents and technology. TDCC has received advance payments from customers related to long-term supply agreements that are deferred and recognized over the life of the contract, with remaining contract terms that range up to 22 years. TDCC will have rights to future consideration for revenue recognized when product is delivered to the customer. These payments are included in "Accrued and other current liabilities" and "Other noncurrent obligations" in TDCC's consolidated balance sheets.

Disaggregation of Revenue
TDCC disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by principal product group and geographic region, as TDCC believes it best depicts the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of its revenue and cash flows.

Net Trade Sales by Principal Product Group
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31, 2019
Mar 31, 2018
Coatings & Performance Monomers
$
904

$
954

Consumer Solutions
1,365

1,363

Crop Protection
1,124

1,122

Electronics & Imaging
625

627

Hydrocarbons & Energy
1,380

1,779

Industrial Biosciences
119

135

Industrial Solutions 1 
1,104

1,156

Nutrition & Health
152

156

Packaging and Specialty Plastics
3,410

3,854

Polyurethanes & CAV 1
2,297

2,557

Safety & Construction
424

444

Seed
323

371

Transportation & Advanced Polymers
284

304

Corporate
69

73

Other
2

4

Total
$
13,582

$
14,899

1. Beginning in the third quarter of 2018, the Construction Chemicals principal product group was combined with the Polyurethanes & CAV principal product group. Also, certain product lines associated with the oil and gas industry were realigned from the Industrial Solutions principal product group to Polyurethanes & CAV principal product group. These changes have been retrospectively reflected in the results presented.


13


Net Trade Sales by Geographic Region
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31, 2019
Mar 31, 2018
U.S. & Canada
$
4,884

$
5,468

EMEA 1
4,211

4,765

Asia Pacific
3,202

3,256

Latin America
1,285

1,410

Total
$
13,582

$
14,899

1. Europe, Middle East and Africa.

Contract Balances
TDCC receives payments from customers based upon contractual billing schedules. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract assets include amounts related to TDCC's contractual right to consideration for completed performance obligations not yet invoiced. Contract liabilities include payments received in advance of performance under the contract and are realized when the associated revenue is recognized under the contract. "Contract liabilities - current" primarily reflects deferred revenue from prepayments from customers for product to be delivered in 12 months or less. "Contract liabilities - noncurrent" includes advance payments that TDCC has received from customers related to long-term supply agreements and royalty payments that are deferred and recognized over the life of the contract.

The increase in contract liabilities from December 31, 2018 to March 31, 2019 was due to advanced payments from a customer related to long-term product supply agreements. Revenue recognized in the first three months of 2019 from amounts included in contract liabilities at the beginning of the period was approximately $65 million (approximately $75 million in the first three months of 2018). In the first three months of 2019, the amount of contract assets reclassified to receivables as a result of the right to the transaction consideration becoming unconditional was $14 million (insignificant in the first three months of 2018).

The following table summarizes the contract balances at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

Contract Balances
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
In millions
Accounts and notes receivable - Trade
$
8,428

$
8,246

Contract assets - current 1
$
26

$
37

Contract assets - noncurrent 2
$
47

$
47

Contract liabilities - current 3
$
233

$
165

Contract liabilities - noncurrent 4
$
1,739

$
1,390

1.
Included in "Other current assets" in the consolidated balance sheets.
2.
Included in "Deferred charges and other assets" in the consolidated balance sheets.
3.
Included in "Accrued and other current liabilities" in the consolidated balance sheets.
4.
Included in "Other noncurrent obligations" in the consolidated balance sheets.


NOTE 4 – RESTRUCTURING AND ASSET RELATED CHARGES - NET
Charges for restructuring programs and other asset related charges, which includes other asset impairments, were $232 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 ($165 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018). These charges were recorded in "Restructuring and asset related charges - net" in the consolidated statements of income and consist primarily of the following:

Restructuring Plans
DowDuPont Agriculture Division Restructuring Program
During the fourth quarter of 2018 and in connection with the ongoing integration activities, DowDuPont approved restructuring actions to simplify and optimize certain organizational structures within the Agriculture division in preparation for its intended separation as a standalone company ("Agriculture Division Program"). For the three months ended March 31, 2019, TDCC recorded a favorable adjustment of $4 million to the severance and related benefit costs reserve. The impact of this adjustment is shown as "Restructuring and asset related charges - net" in the consolidated statements of income. TDCC expects actions related to the Agriculture Division Program to be substantially complete by mid 2019.

TDCC recorded pretax restructuring charges of $21 million inception-to-date under the Agriculture Division Program, consisting of severance and related benefit costs of $20 million and asset write-downs and write-offs of $1 million.


14


The following table summarizes the activities related to the Agriculture Division Program. At March 31, 2019, $11 million ($23 million at December 31, 2018) was included in "Accrued and other current liabilities" in TDCC's consolidated balance sheets.

DowDuPont Agriculture Division Program
Severance and Related Benefit Costs
Asset Write-downs and Write-offs
Total
In millions
2018 restructuring charges
$
24

$
1

$
25

Charges against the reserve

(1
)
(1
)
Cash payments
(1
)

(1
)
Reserve balance at Dec 31, 2018
$
23

$

$
23

Adjustments to the reserve
(4
)

(4
)
Cash payments
(8
)

(8
)
Reserve balance at Mar 31, 2019
$
11

$

$
11


DowDuPont Cost Synergy Program
In September and November 2017, DowDuPont approved post-merger restructuring actions under the DowDuPont Cost Synergy Program (the "Synergy Program") which was designed to integrate and optimize the organization following the Merger and in preparation for the business separations. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, TDCC recorded pretax restructuring charges of $224 million, consisting of severance and related benefit costs of $72 million, asset write-downs and write-offs of $100 million and costs associated with exit and disposal activities of $52 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, TDCC recorded pretax restructuring charges of $163 million, consisting of severance and related benefit costs of $104 million, asset write-downs and write-offs of $48 million and costs associated with exit and disposal activities of $11 million. The impact of these charges is shown as "Restructuring and asset related charges - net" in the consolidated statements of income. TDCC expects actions related to the Synergy Program to be substantially complete by the end of 2019.

TDCC recorded pretax restructuring charges of $1,462 million inception-to-date under the Synergy Program, consisting of severance and related benefit costs of $633 million, asset write-downs and write-offs of $613 million and costs associated with exit and disposal activities of $216 million.

The following table summarizes the activities related to the Synergy Program. At March 31, 2019, $250 million was included in "Accrued and other current liabilities" ($272 million at December 31, 2018) and $75 million was included in "Other noncurrent obligations" ($55 million at December 31, 2018) in TDCC's consolidated balance sheets.

DowDuPont Synergy Program
Severance and Related Benefit Costs
Asset Write-downs and Write-offs
Costs Associated with Exit and Disposal Activities
Total
In millions
Reserve balance at Dec 31, 2018
$
262

$

$
65

$
327

2019 restructuring charges
72

100

52

224

Charges against the reserve

(100
)

(100
)
Cash payments
(97
)

(29
)
(126
)
Reserve balance at Mar 31, 2019
$
237

$

$
88

$
325


For the three months ended March 31, 2019, restructuring charges related to the write-down and write-off of assets totaled $100 million and primarily related to the impairment of leased, non-manufacturing facilities and the write-down of inventory aligned with the seed and crop protection principal product groups. The restructuring charges related to the write-down and write-off of assets for the three months ended March 31, 2018, totaled $48 million and related primarily to assets aligned with seed activities.

TDCC expects to incur additional costs in the future related to its restructuring activities. Future costs are expected to include demolition costs related to closed facilities and restructuring plan implementation costs; these costs will be recognized as incurred. TDCC also expects to incur additional employee-related costs, including involuntary termination benefits, related to its other optimization activities. These costs cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.



15


NOTE 5 – INVENTORIES
The following table provides a breakdown of inventories:

Inventories
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
In millions
Finished goods
$
5,703

$
5,640

Work in process
2,239

2,214

Raw materials
940

941

Supplies
891

880

Total
$
9,773

$
9,675

Adjustment of inventories to a LIFO basis
(265
)
(415
)
Total inventories
$
9,508

$
9,260



NOTE 6 – NONCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
TDCC's investments in companies accounted for using the equity method ("nonconsolidated affiliates"), by classification in the consolidated balance sheets, are shown in the following table:

Investments in Nonconsolidated Affiliates
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
In millions
Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates
$
3,321

$
3,823

Other noncurrent obligations
(870
)
(495
)
Net investment in nonconsolidated affiliates
$
2,451

$
3,328


HSC Group
The carrying value of TDCC's investments in the HSC Group, which includes Hemlock Semiconductor L.L.C. and DC HSC Holdings LLC, was adjusted as a result of the HSC Group's adoption of Topic 606. The resulting impact to TDCC's investments in the HSC Group was a reduction to "Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates" of $71 million and an increase to "Other noncurrent obligations" of $168 million, as well as an increase to "Deferred income tax assets" of $56 million and a reduction to "Retained earnings" of $183 million in the consolidated balance sheet at January 1, 2019. The following table reflects the carrying value of the HSC Group investments at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

Investment in the HSC Group
 
Investment
In millions
Balance Sheet Classification
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
Hemlock Semiconductor L.L.C.
Other noncurrent obligations
$
(658
)
$
(495
)
DC HSC Holdings LLC
Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates
$
485

$
535


EQUATE
In the first quarter of 2019, EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C.C. ("EQUATE") paid a dividend of $440 million, reflected in "Earnings of nonconsolidated affiliates less than dividends received" in the consolidated statements of cash flows. As a result, TDCC had a negative investment balance in EQUATE of $212 million at March 31, 2019, classified as "Other noncurrent obligations" in the consolidated balance sheets. At December 31, 2018, TDCC had an investment balance in EQUATE of $131 million, classified as "Investment in nonconsolidated affiliates" in the consolidated balance sheets.



16


NOTE 7 – GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The following table shows the carrying amount of goodwill:

Goodwill
 
In millions
Net goodwill at Dec 31, 2018
$
13,848

Foreign currency impact
(36
)
Net goodwill at Mar 31, 2019
$
13,812


The following table provides information regarding TDCC’s other intangible assets:

Other Intangible Assets
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
In millions
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accum
Amort
Net
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accum
Amort
Net  
Intangible assets with finite lives:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Developed technology
$
3,253

$
(1,996
)
$
1,257

$
3,255

$
(1,934
)
$
1,321

Software
1,539

(900
)
639

1,529

(876
)
653

Trademarks/tradenames
680

(638
)
42

688

(631
)
57

Customer-related
4,898

(2,211
)
2,687

4,911

(2,151
)
2,760

Other
236

(167
)
69

243

(170
)
73

Total other intangible assets, finite lives
$
10,606

$
(5,912
)
$
4,694

$
10,626

$
(5,762
)
$
4,864

In-process research and development
49


49

49


49

Total other intangible assets
$
10,655

$
(5,912
)
$
4,743

$
10,675

$
(5,762
)
$
4,913


The following table provides information regarding amortization expense related to other intangible assets:

Amortization Expense
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31, 2019
Mar 31, 2018
Other intangible assets, excluding software
$
154

$
159

Software, included in “Cost of sales”
$
25

$
23


Total estimated amortization expense for 2019 and the five succeeding fiscal years is as follows:

Estimated Amortization Expense
In millions
2019
$
659

2020
$
623

2021
$
594

2022
$
525

2023
$
492

2024
$
456




17


NOTE 8 – TRANSFERS OF FINANCIAL ASSETS
TDCC historically sold trade accounts receivable of select North American entities and qualifying trade accounts receivable of select European entities on a revolving basis to certain multi-seller commercial paper conduit entities ("conduits"). The proceeds received were comprised of cash and interests in specified assets of the conduits (the receivables sold by TDCC) that entitled TDCC to the residual cash flows of such specified assets in the conduits after the commercial paper was repaid. Neither the conduits nor the investors in those entities had recourse to other assets of TDCC in the event of nonpayment by the debtors.

In the fourth quarter of 2017, TDCC suspended further sales of trade accounts receivable through these facilities and began reducing outstanding balances through collections of trade accounts receivable previously sold to such conduits. In September and October 2018, the North American and European facilities, respectively, were amended and the terms of the agreements changed from off-balance sheet arrangements to secured borrowing arrangements. See Note 9 for additional information on the secured borrowing arrangements.

The following represents the cash flows between TDCC and the conduits:

Cash Proceeds
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Interests in conduits 1
$

$
445

1.
Presented in "Investing Activities" in the consolidated statements of cash flows.


NOTE 9 – NOTES PAYABLE, LONG-TERM DEBT AND AVAILABLE CREDIT FACILITIES
Notes Payable
Mar 31,
2019
Dec 31,
2018
In millions
Commercial paper
$

$
10

Notes payable to banks and other lenders
317

295

Total notes payable
$
317

$
305

Period-end average interest rates
12.09
%
8.61
%

Long-Term Debt
2019 Average Rate
Mar 31,
2019
2018
Average
Rate
Dec 31,
2018
In millions
Promissory notes and debentures:
 
 
 
 
Final maturity 2019
9.80
%
$
7

9.80
%
$
7

Final maturity 2020
4.46
%
1,547

4.46
%
1,547

Final maturity 2021
4.71
%
1,424

4.71
%
1,424

Final maturity 2022
3.50
%
1,372

3.50
%
1,373

Final maturity 2023
7.64
%
325

7.64
%
325

Final maturity 2024
3.50
%
896

3.50
%
896

Final maturity 2025 and thereafter
5.98
%
7,963

5.98
%
7,963

Other facilities:
 
 
 
 
U.S. dollar loans, various rates and maturities
3.52
%
4,533

3.59
%
4,533

Foreign currency loans, various rates and maturities
3.19
%
714

3.21
%
713

Medium-term notes, varying maturities through 2025
3.33
%
703

3.26
%
778

Finance lease obligations
 
369

 
369

Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs
 
(324
)
 
(334
)
Long-term debt due within one year 1
 
(2,369
)
 
(340
)
Long-term debt
 
$
17,160

 
$
19,254

1.
Presented net of current portion of unamortized debt issuance costs.


18


Maturities of Long-Term Debt for Next Five Years at Mar 31, 2019
In millions
2019 1
$
2,307

2020
$
1,839

2021 2
$
4,249

2022
$
1,507

2023
$
500

2024
$
968

1.
Includes $2.0 billion of current maturities related to the Dow Silicones term loan facility, repaid on April 5, 2019.
2.
Assumes the option to extend will be exercised for $2.5 billion of the Dow Silicones term loan facility.

2019 Activity
In the first three months of 2019, TDCC redeemed an aggregate principal amount of $72 million of International Notes ("InterNotes") at maturity.

Term Loan Facility
In connection with the ownership restructure of Dow Silicones on May 31, 2016, Dow Silicones incurred $4.5 billion of indebtedness under a certain third party credit agreement ("Term Loan Facility"). TDCC subsequently guaranteed the obligations of Dow Silicones under the Term Loan Facility and, as a result, the covenants and events of default applicable to the Term Loan Facility are substantially similar to the covenants and events of default set forth in TDCC's Five Year Competitive Advance and Revolving Credit Facility Agreement ("Revolving Credit Agreement"). In the second quarter of 2018, Dow Silicones exercised the 19-month extension option making amounts borrowed under the Term Loan Facility repayable on December 30, 2019. In addition, Dow Silicones amended the Term Loan Facility to include an additional 2-year extension option, at Dow Silicones' election, upon satisfaction of certain customary conditions precedent. On April 5, 2019, Dow Silicones voluntarily repaid $2.0 billion of principal, which was classified as "Long-term debt due within one year" in the consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2019. Dow Silicones also intends to exercise the 2-year extension option on the remaining principal balance of $2.5 billion.

Available Credit Facilities
The following table summarizes TDCC's credit facilities:

Committed and Available Credit Facilities at Mar 31, 2019
In millions
Committed Credit
Credit Available
Maturity Date
Interest
Five Year Competitive Advance and Revolving Credit Facility
$
5,000

$
5,000

October 2023
Floating rate
Term Loan Facility 1
2,000


April 2019
Floating rate
Term Loan Facility 2
2,500


December 2021
Floating rate
North American Securitization Facility
800

800

September 2019
Floating rate
European Securitization Facility 3
450

450

October 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
100

100

October 2019
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility 4
100

100

March 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
100

100

March 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
280

280

March 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
100

100

March 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
200

200

March 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
200

200

May 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
200

200

July 2020
Floating rate
Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility
100

100

August 2020
Floating rate
Total committed and available credit facilities
$
12,130

$
7,630

 
 
1.
Dow Silicones voluntarily repaid $2.0 billion of principal on April 5, 2019.
2.
Assumes the option to extend the Dow Silicones term loan facility will be exercised.
3.
Equivalent to Euro 400 million.
4.
On March 9, 2019, TDCC renewed a $100 million Bilateral Revolving Credit Facility agreement, which has a maturity date in March 2020 and provides for interest at floating rates, as defined in the agreement.


19


Debt Covenants and Default Provisions
Information on TDCC's debt covenants and default provisions can be found in Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. There were no material changes to the debt covenants and default provisions related to TDCC’s outstanding long-term debt and primary, private credit agreements in the first three months of 2019.

Subsequent Event
On April 1, 2019, DowDuPont completed the separation of its materials science business and Dow Inc. became the direct parent company of TDCC. In conjunction with the separation, Dow Inc. is obligated, substantially concurrently with the issuance of any guarantee in respect of outstanding or committed indebtedness under the Revolving Credit Agreement, to enter into a supplemental indenture with TDCC and the trustee under TDCC’s existing 2008 base indenture governing certain notes issued by TDCC. Under such supplemental indenture, Dow Inc. will guarantee all outstanding debt securities and all amounts due under such existing base indenture and will become subject to certain covenants and events of default under the existing base indenture.

In addition, the Revolving Credit Agreement includes an event of default which would be triggered in the event Dow Inc. incurs or guarantees third party indebtedness for borrowed money in excess of $250 million or engages in any material activity or directly owns any material assets, in each case, subject to certain conditions and exceptions. Dow Inc. may, at its option, cure the event of default by delivering an unconditional and irrevocable guarantee to the administrative agent within thirty days of the event or events giving rise to such event of default.

No such events have occurred or have been triggered at the time of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.


NOTE 10 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES
Environmental Matters
Accruals for environmental matters are recorded when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be reasonably estimated, based on current law and existing technologies. At March 31, 2019, TDCC had accrued obligations of $813 million for probable environmental remediation and restoration costs, including $159 million for the remediation of Superfund sites. These obligations are included in "Accrued and other current liabilities" and "Other noncurrent obligations" in the consolidated balance sheets. This is management’s current estimate of the costs for remediation and restoration with respect to environmental matters for which TDCC has accrued liabilities, although it is reasonably possible that the ultimate cost with respect to these particular matters could range up to approximately two times that amount. Consequently, it is reasonably possible that environmental remediation and restoration costs in excess of amounts accrued could have a material impact on TDCC’s results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. It is the opinion of TDCC’s management, however, that the possibility is remote that costs in excess of the range disclosed will have a material impact on TDCC’s results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Inherent uncertainties exist in these estimates primarily due to unknown conditions, changing governmental regulations and legal standards regarding liability, and emerging remediation technologies for handling site remediation and restoration. As new or additional information becomes available and/or certain spending trends become known, management will evaluate such information in determination of the current estimate of environmental liability. In the second quarter of 2019, as a result of the business separations, and change in ownership of certain sites where there are remediation activities, additional costs may be incurred to effectively manage the ongoing activities. In addition, as a result of the potential culmination of long standing negotiations with regulators and/or agencies, additional charges for environmental matters may be recorded. Management believes that it is reasonably possible that the accrued obligation for environmental matters may be increased up to $400 million as a result of this review. At December 31, 2018, TDCC had accrued obligations of $820 million for probable environmental remediation and restoration costs, including $156 million for the remediation of Superfund sites.

Litigation
Asbestos-Related Matters of Union Carbide Corporation
A summary of Asbestos-Related Matters of Union Carbide Corporation can be found in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Introduction
Union Carbide is and has been involved in a large number of asbestos-related suits filed primarily in state courts during the past four decades. These suits principally allege personal injury resulting from exposure to asbestos-containing products and frequently seek both actual and punitive damages. The alleged claims primarily relate to products that Union Carbide sold in the past, alleged exposure to asbestos-containing products located on Union Carbide’s premises and Union Carbide’s responsibility for asbestos suits filed against a former Union Carbide subsidiary, Amchem Products, Inc. (“Amchem”). In many cases, plaintiffs are unable

20


to demonstrate that they have suffered any compensable loss as a result of such exposure, or that injuries incurred in fact resulted from exposure to Union Carbide’s products.

Union Carbide expects more asbestos-related suits to be filed against Union Carbide and Amchem in the future, and will aggressively defend or reasonably resolve, as appropriate, both pending and future claims.

Estimating the Asbestos-Related Liability
Since 2003, Union Carbide has engaged Ankura Consulting Group, LLC ("Ankura"), a third party actuarial specialist, to review Union Carbide's historical asbestos-related claim and resolution activity in order to assist Union Carbide's management in estimating the asbestos-related liability. Each year, Ankura has reviewed the claim and resolution activity to determine the appropriateness of updating the most recent Ankura study.

Based on the December 2018 Ankura review and Union Carbide's own review of the data, Union Carbide's total asbestos-related liability through the terminal year of 2049, including asbestos-related defense and processing costs, was $1,260 million at December 31, 2018, and included in “Accrued and other current liabilities” and “Asbestos-related liabilities - noncurrent” in the consolidated balance sheets.

Each quarter, Union Carbide reviews claims filed, settled and dismissed, as well as average settlement and resolution costs by disease category. Union Carbide also considers additional quantitative and qualitative factors such as the nature of pending claims, trial experience of Union Carbide and other asbestos defendants, current spending for defense and processing costs, significant appellate rulings and legislative developments, trends in the tort system, and their respective effects on expected future resolution costs. Union Carbide's management considers all these factors in conjunction with the most recent Ankura study and determines whether a change in the estimate is warranted. Based on Union Carbide's review of 2019 activity, it was determined that no adjustment to the accrual was required at March 31, 2019.

Union Carbide’s asbestos-related liability for pending and future claims and defense and processing costs was $1,243 million at March 31, 2019, and approximately 17 percent of the recorded liability related to pending claims and approximately 83 percent related to future claims.

Summary
TDCC's management believes the amounts recorded by Union Carbide for the asbestos-related liability (including defense and processing costs) reflect reasonable and probable estimates of the liability based upon current, known facts. However, future events, such as the number of new claims to be filed and/or received each year, the average cost of defending and disposing of each such claim, as well as the numerous uncertainties surrounding asbestos litigation in the United States over a significant period of time, could cause the actual costs for Union Carbide to be higher or lower than those projected or those recorded. Any such events could result in an increase or decrease in the recorded liability.

Because of the uncertainties described above, Union Carbide cannot estimate the full range of the cost of resolving pending and future asbestos-related claims facing Union Carbide and Amchem. As a result, it is reasonably possible that an additional cost of disposing of Union Carbide's asbestos-related claims, including future defense and processing costs, could have a material impact on TDCC's results of operations and cash flows for a particular period and on the consolidated financial position.

Dow Silicones Chapter 11 Related Matters
A summary of the Dow Silicones Chapter 11 Related Matters can be found in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

Introduction
In 1995, Dow Silicones, then a 50:50 joint venture between TDCC and Corning Incorporated ("Corning"), voluntarily filed for protection under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in order to resolve Dow Silicones’ breast implant liabilities and related matters (the “Chapter 11 Proceeding”). Dow Silicones emerged from the Chapter 11 Proceeding on June 1, 2004 (the “Effective Date”) and is implementing the Joint Plan of Reorganization (the “Plan”). The Plan provides funding for the resolution of breast implant and other product liability litigation covered by the Chapter 11 Proceeding and provides a process for the satisfaction of commercial creditor claims in the Chapter 11 Proceeding. As of June 1, 2016, Dow Silicones is a wholly owned subsidiary of TDCC.

Breast Implant and Other Product Liability Claims
Under the Plan, a product liability settlement program administered by an independent claims office (the “Settlement Facility”) was created to resolve breast implant and other product liability claims. Product liability claimants rejecting the settlement program in favor of pursuing litigation must bring suit against a litigation facility (the “Litigation Facility”). Dow Silicones has an obligation

21


to fund the Settlement Facility and the Litigation Facility over a 16-year period, commencing at the Effective Date. At March 31, 2019, Dow Silicones and its insurers have made life-to-date payments of $1,762 million to the Settlement Facility and the Settlement Facility reported an unexpended balance of $110 million.

Dow Silicones' liability for breast implant and other product liability claims ("Implant Liability") was $263 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, of which $157 million at March 31, 2019 ($111 million at December 31, 2018) was included in “Accrued and other current liabilities” and $106 million at March 31, 2019 ($152 million at December 31, 2018) was included in "Other noncurrent obligations" in the consolidated balance sheets. Dow Silicones is not aware of circumstances that would change the factors used in estimating the Implant Liability and believes the recorded liability reflects the best estimate of the remaining funding obligations under the Plan; however, the estimate relies upon a number of significant assumptions, including: future claim filing levels in the Settlement Facility will be similar to those in a prior settlement program, which management uses to estimate future claim filing levels for the Settlement Facility; future acceptance rates, disease mix, and payment values will be materially consistent with historical experience; no material negative outcomes in future controversies or disputes over Plan interpretation will occur; and the Plan will not be modified. If actual outcomes related to any of these assumptions prove to be materially different, the future liability to fund the Plan may be materially different than the amount estimated. If Dow Silicones was ultimately required to fund the full liability up to the maximum capped value, the liability would be $2,148 million at March 31, 2019.

Commercial Creditor Issues
The Plan provides that each of Dow Silicones' commercial creditors (the “Commercial Creditors”) would receive in cash the sum of (a) an amount equal to the principal amount of their claims and (b) interest on such claims. The actual amount of interest that will ultimately be paid to these Commercial Creditors is uncertain due to pending litigation between Dow Silicones and the Commercial Creditors regarding the appropriate interest rates to be applied to outstanding obligations from the 1995 bankruptcy filing date through the Effective Date, as well as the presence of any recoverable fees, costs and expenses. Upon the Plan becoming effective, Dow Silicones paid approximately $1,500 million to the Commercial Creditors, representing principal and an amount of interest that Dow Silicones considers undisputed.

On May 10, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan entered a stipulated order resolving pending discovery motions and established a discovery schedule for the Commercial Creditors matter. As a result, Dow Silicones and its third party consultants conducted further analysis of the Commercial Creditors claims and defenses. This analysis indicated the estimated remaining liability to Commercial Creditors to be within a range of $77 million to $260 million. No single amount within the range appeared to be a better estimate than any other amount within the range. Therefore, Dow Silicones recorded the minimum liability within the range. At March 31, 2019, the liability related to Dow Silicones' potential obligation to its Commercial Creditors in the Chapter 11 Proceeding was $83 million and is included in "Accrued and other current liabilities" in the consolidated balance sheets ($82 million at December 31, 2018). The actual amount of interest that will be paid to these creditors is uncertain and will ultimately be resolved through continued proceedings in the District Court.

Indemnifications
In connection with the June 1, 2016, ownership restructure of Dow Silicones, TDCC is indemnified by Corning for 50 percent of future losses associated with certain pre-closing liabilities, including the Implant Liability and Commercial Creditors matters described above, subject to certain conditions and limits. The maximum amount of indemnified losses which may be recovered are subject to a cap that declines over time. Indemnification assets were insignificant at March 31, 2019 (zero at December 31, 2018).

Summary
The amounts recorded by Dow Silicones for the Chapter 11 related matters described above were based on current, known facts, which management believes reflect reasonable and probable estimates of the liability. However, future events could cause the actual costs for Dow Silicones to be higher or lower than those projected or those recorded. Any such events could result in an increase or decrease in the recorded liability.

Other Litigation Matters
In addition to the specific matters described above, TDCC is party to a number of other claims and lawsuits arising out of the normal course of business with respect to product liability, patent infringement, employment matters, governmental tax and regulation disputes, contract and commercial litigation, and other actions. Certain of these actions purport to be class actions and seek damages in very large amounts. All such claims are being contested. TDCC has an active risk management program consisting of numerous insurance policies secured from many carriers at various times. These policies may provide coverage that could be utilized to minimize the financial impact, if any, of certain contingencies described above. It is the opinion of TDCC’s management that the possibility is remote that the aggregate of all such other claims and lawsuits will have a material adverse impact on the results of operations, financial condition and cash flows of TDCC.

22


Gain Contingency - TDCC v. Nova Chemicals Corporation Patent Infringement Matter
On December 9, 2010, TDCC filed suit in the Federal Court in Ontario, Canada ("Federal Court") alleging that Nova Chemicals Corporation ("Nova") was infringing TDCC's Canadian polyethylene patent 2,106,705. Nova counterclaimed on the grounds of invalidity and non-infringement. On June 29, 2017, the Federal Court issued a Confidential Supplemental Judgment, concluding that Nova must pay $645 million Canadian dollars (equivalent to $495 million U.S. dollars) to TDCC, plus pre- and post-judgment interest, for which TDCC received payment of $501 million from Nova on July 6, 2017. Although Nova is appealing portions of the damages judgment, certain portions of it are indisputable and will be owed to TDCC regardless of the outcome of any further appeals by Nova. At March 31, 2019, TDCC had $341 million ($341 million at December 31, 2018) included in "Other noncurrent obligations" in the consolidated balance sheets related to the disputed portion of the damages judgment. TDCC is confident of its chances of defending the entire judgment on appeal, particularly the trial court's determinations on important factual issues, which will be accorded deferential review on appeal. See Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 for additional information.

Guarantees
The following table provides a summary of the final expiration, maximum future payments and recorded liability reflected in the consolidated balance sheets for guarantees:

Guarantees
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
In millions
Final
Expiration
Maximum 
Future Payments
Recorded  
Liability  
Final
Expiration
Maximum 
Future Payments
Recorded  
Liability  
Guarantees
2023
$
4,514

$
15

2023
$
4,523

$
25


Guarantees
Guarantees arise during the ordinary course of business from relationships with customers and nonconsolidated affiliates when TDCC undertakes an obligation to guarantee the performance of others (via delivery of cash or other assets) if specified triggering events occur. With guarantees, such as commercial or financial contracts, non-performance by the guaranteed party triggers the obligation of TDCC to make payments to the beneficiary of the guarantee. The majority of TDCC’s guarantees relate to debt of nonconsolidated affiliates, which have expiration dates ranging from less than one year to less than four years, and trade financing transactions in Latin America, which typically expire within one year of inception. TDCC’s current expectation is that future payment or performance related to the non-performance of others is considered remote.

TDCC has entered into guarantee agreements ("Guarantees") related to project financing for Sadara Chemical Company ("Sadara"), a nonconsolidated affiliate. The total of an Islamic bond and additional project financing (collectively “Total Project Financing”) obtained by Sadara is approximately $12.5 billion. Sadara had $11.7 billion of Total Project Financing outstanding at March 31, 2019 ($11.7 billion at December 31, 2018). TDCC's guarantee of the Total Project Financing is in proportion to TDCC's 35 percent ownership interest in Sadara, or up to approximately $4.2 billion when the project financing is fully drawn. Sadara successfully completed an extensive operational testing program in December 2018, however, the Guarantees will be released upon the satisfactory fulfillment of certain project completion conditions, which is expected by the middle of 2019, and must occur no later than December 2020.


NOTE 11 - LEASES
Operating lease ROU assets are included in "Operating lease right-of-use assets" while finance lease ROU assets are included in "Net property" in the consolidated balance sheets. With respect to lease liabilities, operating lease liabilities are included in "Operating lease liabilities - current" and "Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent," and finance lease liabilities are included in "Long-term debt due within one year" and "Long-Term Debt" in the consolidated balance sheets.

TDCC routinely leases sales and administrative offices, power plants, production facilities, warehouses and tanks for product storage, aircraft, motor vehicles, railcars, computers, office machines and equipment. Some leases contain renewal provisions, purchase options and escalation clauses and the terms for these leased assets vary depending on the lease agreement. These leased assets have remaining lease terms that currently range from 1 to 50 years. See Notes 1 and 2 for additional information on leases.

23


The components of lease cost for operating and finance leases for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:

Lease Cost
Three Months Ended
Mar 31, 2019
In millions
Operating lease cost
$
147

Finance lease cost
 
Amortization of right-of-use assets - finance
6

Interest on lease liabilities - finance
6

Total finance lease cost
$
12

Short-term lease cost
55

Variable lease cost
85

Sublease income
(1
)
Total lease cost
$
298


The following table provides supplemental cash flow information related to leases:

Other Lease Information
Three Months Ended
Mar 31, 2019
In millions
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
 
Operating cash flows from operating leases
$
154

Operating cash flows from finance leases
$
6

Financing cash flows from finance leases
$
3


The following table summarizes the lease-related assets and liabilities recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2019:

Lease Position
Balance Sheet Classification
Mar 31, 2019
In millions
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:
 
 
Operating leases 1
 
$
2,714

Assets
 
 
Operating lease assets
Operating lease right-of-use assets
$
2,584

Finance lease assets
Property
437

Finance lease amortization
Accumulated depreciation
(143
)
Total lease assets
 
$
2,878

Liabilities
 
 
Current
 
 
Operating
Operating lease liabilities - current
$
477

Finance
Long-term debt due within one year
20

Noncurrent
 
 
Operating
Operating lease liabilities - noncurrent
2,126

Finance
Long-Term Debt
349

Total lease liabilities
 
$
2,972

1.
Includes $2.7 billion related to the adoption of Topic 842. See Note 2 for additional information.


24


Lease Term and Discount Rate
Mar 31, 2019
Weighted-average remaining lease term
 
Operating leases
8.7 years

Finance leases
18.7 years

Weighted-average discount rate
 
Operating leases
4.12
%
Finance leases
6.98
%

The following table provides the maturities of lease liabilities at March 31, 2019:

Maturities of Lease Liabilities at Mar 31, 2019
Operating Leases
Finance Leases
In millions
2019
$
437

$
38

2020
515

48

2021
421

46

2022
343

44

2023
291

71

2024 and thereafter
1,157

309

Total future undiscounted lease payments
$
3,164

$
556

Less imputed interest
561

187

Total present value of lease liabilities
$
2,603

$
369


At March 31, 2019, TDCC had additional leases of approximately $45 million, primarily for buildings and equipment, which had not yet commenced. These leases are expected to commence later in 2019, with lease terms of 10 years.

Future minimum lease payments for operating leases accounted for under ASC 840, "Leases," with remaining non-cancelable terms in excess of one year at December 31, 2018 were as follows:

Minimum Lease Commitments at Dec 31, 2018
 
In millions
 
2019
$
412

2020
369

2021
328

2022
297

2023
253

2024 and thereafter
978

Total
$
2,637


TDCC provides guarantees related to certain leased assets, specifying the residual value that will be available to the lessor at lease termination through the sale of the assets to the lessee or third parties. The following table provides a summary of the final expiration, maximum future payment and recorded liability reflected in the consolidated balance sheets for residual value guarantees at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. There was no recorded liability related to these residual value guarantees at March 31, 2019, as payment of such residual value guarantees was not determined to be probable. The lease agreements do not contain any material restrictive covenants.

Lease Guarantees
March 31, 2019
December 31, 2018
In millions
Final Expiration
Maximum Future Payments
Recorded Liability
Final Expiration
Maximum Future Payments
Recorded Liability
Residual value guarantees
2028
$
885

$

2028
$
885

$
130




25


NOTE 12 – STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Dow Inc.
Common Stock
Dow Inc. was incorporated in 2018 with 100 authorized and issued shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, owned solely by its parent company, DowDuPont. In the first quarter of 2019, in connection with the separation and distribution of DowDuPont’s materials science business, the number of authorized shares of common stock was increased to 5,000,000,000 shares, par value $0.01 per share, and Dow Inc.'s 100 shares of issued common stock were recapitalized into 748,771,240 shares of common stock. Dow Inc.'s common stock continued to be solely owned by DowDuPont at March 31, 2019. See Note 19 for additional information.

TDCC
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following table summarizes the changes and after-tax balances of each component of AOCL for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Investments
Cumulative Translation Adj
Pension and Other Postretire Benefits
Derivative Instruments
Total Accum Other Comp Loss
In millions
Balance at Jan 1, 2018
$
17

$
(1,481
)
$
(6,998
)
$
(109
)
$
(8,571
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(26
)
376


(16
)
334

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
1


126

22

149

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
$
(25
)
$
376

$
126

$
6

$
483

Balance at Mar 31, 2018
$
(8
)
$
(1,105
)
$
(6,872
)
$
(103
)
$
(8,088
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at Jan 1, 2019
$
(51
)
$
(1,813
)
$
(7,965
)
$
(56
)
$
(9,885
)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
68

(13
)

(68
)
(13
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1
)
(18
)
141

(7
)
115

Net other comprehensive income (loss)
$
67

$
(31
)
$
141

$
(75
)
$
102

Balance at Mar 31, 2019
$
16

$
(1,844
)
$
(7,824
)
$
(131
)
$
(9,783
)

The tax effects on the net activity related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:

Tax Benefit (Expense) 1
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31, 2019
Mar 31, 2018
Unrealized gains (losses) on investments
$
(18
)
$
6

Cumulative translation adjustments
(1
)
5

Pension and other postretirement benefit plans
(25
)
(28
)
Derivative instruments
27

3

Tax expense from income taxes related to other comprehensive income (loss) items
$
(17
)
$
(14
)
1.
Prior period amounts were updated to conform with the current year presentation.


26


A summary of the reclassifications out of AOCL for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 is provided as follows:

Reclassifications Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Three Months Ended
Consolidated Statements of Income Classification
Mar 31, 2019
Mar 31, 2018
In millions
Unrealized (gains) losses on investments
$
(1
)
$
2

See (1) below
   Tax benefit

(1
)
See (2) below
   After tax
$
(1
)
$
1

 
Cumulative translation adjustments
$
(18
)
$

See (3) below
Pension and other postretirement benefit plans
$
166

$
154

See (4) below
   Tax benefit
(25
)
(28
)
See (2) below
   After tax
$
141

$
126

 
Derivative instruments
$
(7
)
$
27

See (5) below
   Tax benefit

(5
)
See (2) below
   After tax
$
(7
)
$
22

 
Total reclassifications for the period, after tax
$
115

$
149

 
1.
"Net sales" and "Sundry income (expense) - net."
2.
"Provision for income taxes."
3.
"Sundry income (expense) - net."
4.
These AOCL components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit cost of TDCC's defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans. See Note 14 for additional information.
5.
"Cost of sales," "Sundry income (expense) - net" and "Interest expense and amortization of debt discount."


NOTE 13 – NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
Ownership interests in TDCC's subsidiaries held by parties other than TDCC are presented separately from TDCC's equity in the consolidated balance sheets as "Noncontrolling interests." The amount of consolidated net income attributable to TDCC and the noncontrolling interests are both presented on the face of the consolidated statements of income.

The following table summarizes the activity for equity attributable to noncontrolling interests for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

Noncontrolling Interests
Three Months Ended

In millions
Mar 31, 2019
Mar 31, 2018
Balance at beginning of period
$
1,138

$
1,186

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
45

35

Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(9
)
(24
)
Cumulative translation adjustments
7

(6
)
Other
(1
)
(1
)
Balance at end of period
$
1,180

$
1,190





27


NOTE 14 – PENSION PLANS AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
A summary of TDCC's pension plans and other postretirement benefits can be found in Note 19 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in TDCC’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. The following table provides the components of TDCC's net periodic benefit cost for all significant plans:

Net Periodic Benefit Cost for All Significant Plans
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Defined Benefit Pension Plans:
 
 
Service cost
$
112

$
133

Interest cost
241

218

Expected return on plan assets
(417
)
(406
)
Amortization of prior service credit
(6
)
(6
)
Amortization of net loss
132

171

Net periodic benefit cost
$
62

$
110

 
 
 
Other Postretirement Benefits:
 
 
Service cost
$
2

$
3

Interest cost
14

11

Amortization of net gain
(6
)
(6
)
Net periodic benefit cost
$
10

$
8


Net periodic benefit cost, other than the service cost component, is included in "Sundry income (expense) - net" in the consolidated statements of income.



28


NOTE 15 – FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
A summary of TDCC's financial instruments, risk management policies, derivative instruments and hedging activities can be found in Note 21 of the Consolidated Financial Statements included in TDCC's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. If applicable, updates have been included in the respective section below.

The following table summarizes the fair value of financial instruments at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Mar 31, 2019
Dec 31, 2018
In millions
Cost
Gain
Loss
Fair Value
Cost
Gain
Loss
Fair Value
Cash equivalents
$
345

$

$

$
345

$
566

$

$

$
566

Marketable securities
$
101

$

$

$
101

$
100

$

$

$
100

Other investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government debt 1
$
694

$
17

$
(9
)
$
702

$
714

$
9

$
(23
)
$
700

Corporate bonds
1,051

43

(21
)
1,073

1,026

20

(63
)
983

Total debt securities
$
1,745

$
60

$
(30
)
$
1,775

$
1,740

$
29

$
(86
)
$
1,683

Equity securities 2
16

5


21

16

1

(1
)
16

Total other investments
$
1,761

$
65

$
(30
)
$
1,796

$
1,756

$
30

$
(87
)
$
1,699

Total cash equivalents, marketable securities and other investments
$
2,207

$
65

$
(30
)
$
2,242

$
2,422

$
30

$
(87
)
$
2,365

Long-term debt including debt due within one year 3
$
(19,529
)
$
84

$
(1,405
)
$
(20,850
)
$
(19,594
)
$
351

$
(971
)
$
(20,214
)
Derivatives relating to:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rates
$

$

$
(181
)
$
(181
)
$

$

$
(64
)
$
(64
)
Foreign currency

86

(14
)
72


120

(43
)
77

Commodities 4

88

(147
)
(59
)

91

(178
)
(87
)
Total derivatives
$

$
174

$
(342
)
$
(168
)
$

$
211

$
(285
)
$
(74
)
1. U.S. Treasury obligations, U.S. agency obligations, agency mortgage-backed securities and other municipalities’ obligations.
2.
Equity securities with a readily determinable fair value.
3.
Cost includes fair value hedge adjustments of $17 million at March 31, 2019 and $18 million at December 31, 2018 on $2,290 million of debt at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.
4.
Presented net of cash collateral where master netting arrangements allow.

Debt Securities
TDCC's investments in debt securities are primarily classified as available-for-sale. The following table provides the investing results from available-for-sale securities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

Investing Results
Three Months Ended
In millions
Mar 31,
2019
Mar 31,
2018
Proceeds from sales of available-for-sale securities
$
159

$
348

Gross realized gains
$
6

$
7

Gross realized losses
$
(5
)
$
(9
)

Equity Securities
TDCC’s investments in equity securities with a readily determinable fair value totaled $21 million at March 31, 2019 ($16 million at December 31, 2018). The aggregate carrying value of TDCC’s investments in equity securities where fair value is not readily determinable totaled $207 million at March 31, 2019 ($206 million at December 31, 2018), reflecting the carrying value of the investments. There were no adjustments to the carrying value of the not readily determinable investments for impairment or observable price changes for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018. The net unrealized gain recognized in earnings on equity securities totaled $5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 ($9 million net unrealized gain for the three months ended March 31, 2018).


29


Derivatives
The following tables provide the fair value and balance sheet classification of derivative instruments at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

Fair Value of Derivative Instruments
Mar 31, 2019
In millions
Balance Sheet Classification
Gross
Counterparty and Cash Collateral Netting 1
Net Amounts Included in the Consolidated Balance Sheet
Asset derivatives:
 
 
 
 
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency contracts
Other current assets
$
161

$
(89
)
$
72

Commodity contracts
Other current assets
31

(5
)
26

Commodity contracts
Deferred charges and other assets
57

(4
)
53

Total