Company Quick10K Filing
DRDGOLD
20-F 2020-10-29 Filed 2020-10-29
20-F 2019-10-31 Filed 2019-10-31
20-F 2018-06-30 Filed 2018-10-31
20-F 2017-10-31 Filed 2017-10-31
20-F 2016-10-31 Filed 2016-10-31
20-F 2015-10-30 Filed 2015-10-30
20-F 2014-10-31 Filed 2014-10-31
20-F 2013-10-25 Filed 2013-10-25
20-F 2012-10-26 Filed 2012-10-26
20-F 2011-10-28 Filed 2011-10-28
20-F 2009-10-29 Filed 2010-10-29

DRD 20F Annual Report

Part I
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 4A.
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 8.
Item 9.
Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Part II
Item 13.
Item 14.
Item 15.
Item 16A.
Item 16B.
Item 16C.
Item 16D.
Item 16E.
Item 16F
Item 16G.
Item 16H.
Part III
Item 17.
Item 18.
Item 19.
Part I
Item 1. Identity of Directors, Senior Management and Advisers
Item 2. Offer Statistics and Expected Timetable
Item 3. Key Information
Item 4. Information on The Company
Item 4A. Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects
Item 6. Directors, Senior Management and Employees
Item 7. Major Shareholders and Related Party Transactions
Item 8. Financial Information
Item 9. The Offer and Listing
Item 10. Additional Information
Item 11. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 12. Description of Securities Other Than Equity Securities
Part II
Item 13. Defaults, Dividend Arrearages and Delinquencies
Item 14. Material Modifications To The Rights of Security Holders and Use of Proceeds
Item 15. Controls and Procedures
Item 16A. Audit Committee Financial Expert
Item 16B. Code of Ethics
Item 16C. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
Item 16D. Exemptions From The Listing Standards for Audit Committees
Item 16E. Purchases of Equity Securities By The Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
Item 16F. Change in Registrant's Certifying Accountant
Item 16G. Corporate Governance
Item 16H. Mine Safety Disclosures
Part III
Item 17. Financial Statements
Item 18. Financial Statements
Item 19. Exhibits
EX-99 ex4_39.htm
EX-99 ex1_5.htm
EX-99 ex8_1-001.htm
EX-99 ex11_1.htm
EX-99 ex12_1.htm
EX-99 ex13_1.htm

DRDGOLD Earnings 2013-10-25

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

20-F 1 drd_main.htm Page 1
background image
As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 25, 2013
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 20-F
REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
OR
SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT 1934
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013
Commission file number 0-28800
DRDGOLD LIMITED
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter and translation of Registrant's name into English)
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
50 Constantia Boulevard, Constantia Kloof Ext 28, Roodepoort, 1709, South Africa
(Address of principal executive offices)
Craig Barnes, Chief Financial Officer, Tel. no. +27 11 470 2600, Email craig.barnes@drdgold.com
50 Constantia Boulevard, Constantia Kloof Ext 28, Roodepoort, 1709, South Africa
(Name, Telephone, Email and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act
Title of each class:
Name of each exchange on which registered:
Ordinary shares (traded in the form of American Depositary
Shares, each American Depositary Share representing ten
underlying ordinary shares.)
The New York Stock Exchange, Inc.
Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act
None
Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act
None
Indicate the number of outstanding shares of each of the issuer's classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the
period covered by the annual report.
As of June 30, 2013 the Registrant had outstanding 385,383,767 ordinary shares, of no par value.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes No
If this report is an annual report or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports
pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file
such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any,
every Interactive Date File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232-405 of this chapter)
during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes
No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer
Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this
filing. U.S. GAAP
International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the IASB
Other
If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the
registrant has elected to follow. Item 17 Item 18
If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the
Exchange Act). Yes No
Contact details: Mr. T.J. Gwebu – Executive Officer: Legal, Compliance and Company Secretary
DRDGOLD Limited, Quadrum Office Park, First Floor, Building 1, 50 Constantia Boulevard, Constantia Kloof Ext. 28, Roodepoort,
1709, South Africa; Telephone: +27 11 470 2600
background image
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PART I
ITEM 1.
IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS .................................................................
4
ITEM 2.
OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE ...............................................................................................     4
ITEM 3.
KEY INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................................     4
3A.
Selected Financial Data ................................................................................................................................................     4
3B.
Capitalization And Indebtedness ..................................................................................................................................      6
3C.
Reasons For The Offer And Use Of Proceeds ..............................................................................................................      6
3D.
Risk
Factors
................................................................................................................................................................      6
ITEM 4.
INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY ......................................................................................................................    18
4A.
History And Development Of The Company .............................................................................................................
18
4B.
Business
Overview
......................................................................................................................................................    20
4C.
Organizational
Structure
.............................................................................................................................................     29
4D.
Property, Plant And Equipment .................................................................................................................................
29
ITEM 4A.
UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS .........................................................................................................................     44
ITEM 5.
OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS ..................................................................................     45
5A.
Operating Results ........................................................................................................................................................
46
5B.
Liquidity
And
Capital
Resources
................................................................................................................................     66
5C.
Research And Development, Patents And Licenses, Etc .............................................................................................     68
5D.
Trend
Information
......................................................................................................................................................
68
5E.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements ................................................................................................................................     68
5F.
Tabular Disclosure Of Contractual Obligations ............................................................................................................     69
5G.
Safe
Harbor ................................................................................................................................................................
69
ITEM 6.
DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES ...................................................................................     69
6A.
Directors And Senior Management .............................................................................................................................     69
6B.
Compensation ............................................................................................................................................................
71
6C.
Board
Practices
...........................................................................................................................................................     73
6D.
Employees
..................................................................................................................................................................     77
6E.      Share Ownership
.........................................................................................................................................................
79
ITEM 7.
MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS ...................................................................
81
7A.
Major
Shareholders
....................................................................................................................................................     81
7B.
Related
Party
Transactions
.........................................................................................................................................     83
7C.
Interests Of Experts And Counsel ................................................................................................................................    84
ITEM 8.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION ....................................................................................................................................    84
8A.
Consolidated Statements And Other Financial Information .........................................................................................    84
8B.
Significant
Changes
....................................................................................................................................................    84
ITEM 9.
THE OFFER AND LISTING .......................................................................................................................................    84
9A.
Offer And Listing Details ............................................................................................................................................    84
9B.
Plan
Of
Distribution
....................................................................................................................................................    86
9C.
Markets
.......................................................................................................................................................................    86
9D.
Selling
Shareholders
...................................................................................................................................................    86
9E.       Dilution
.......................................................................................................................................................................    86
9F.
Expenses Of The Issue ................................................................................................................................................
86
ITEM 10.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ................................................................................................................................    86
10A.
Share
Capital
..............................................................................................................................................................    86
10B.
Memorandum of Incorporation ..................................................................................................................................
86
10C.
Material
Contracts
......................................................................................................................................................     89
10D.
Exchange
Controls
.....................................................................................................................................................     90
10E.
Taxation
.....................................................................................................................................................................
92
10F.
Dividends And Paying Agents .....................................................................................................................................     96
10G.
Statement By Experts ................................................................................................................................................      96
10H.
Documents
On
Display
..............................................................................................................................................      96
10I.
Subsidiary
Information
..............................................................................................................................................      96
ITEM 11.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK .................................................
97
ITEM 12.
DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES ................................................................
98
12A.
Debt Securities ...........................................................................................................................................................      98
12B.
Warrants and Rights ..................................................................................................................................................      98
12C.
Other Securities ..........................................................................................................................................................     98
12D
American Depositary Shares ......................................................................................................................................      98
background image
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART II
ITEM 13.
DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES ............................................................................
99
ITEM 14.
MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS .
99
ITEM 15.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES .............................................................................................................................     99
ITEM 16A.
AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT .........................................................................................................    100
ITEM 16B.
CODE OF ETHICS ....................................................................................................................................................    100
ITEM 16C.
PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES ...............................................................................................    100
ITEM 16D.
EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES ................................................
101
ITEM 16E.
PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS ..............................
101
ITEM 16F
CHANGE IN REGISTRANT'S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT .................................................................................    101
ITEM 16G.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE .................................................................................................................................     101
ITEM 16H.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES ...............................................................................................................................     101
PART III
ITEM 17.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ..................................................................................................................................      102
ITEM 18.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ..................................................................................................................................
F-pages
ITEM 19.
EXHIBITS ..............................................................................................................................................................       103
background image
1
Preparation of Financial Information
We are a South African company and currently all of our operations, as measured in production ounces, are located there.
Accordingly, our books of account are maintained in South African Rand. Our financial statements included in our corporate filings
in South Africa were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), as approved by the
International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) for the financial years ended June 30, 2011, 2012 and 2013. All references to
“dollars” or “$” herein are to United States Dollars, references to “rand” or “R” are to South African Rands.
Our consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 20-F are prepared in accordance with
IFRS as issued by the IASB. All financial information, except as otherwise noted, are stated in accordance with IFRS as issued by
the IASB.
We present our financial information in rand, which is our presentation currency. Solely for your convenience, this
Annual Report on Form 20-F contains translations of certain rand amounts into dollars at specified rates. These rand amounts do
not represent actual dollar amounts, nor could they necessarily have been converted into dollars at the rates indicated. Unless
otherwise indicated, rand amounts have been translated into dollars at the rate of R10.0623 per $1.00, which was the noon buying
rate in New York City on September 30, 2013.
In this Annual Report on Form 20-F, we present certain non-IFRS financial measures such as the financial items “cash
operating costs per kilogram”, “all-in sustaining costs per kilogram” and “all-in costs per kilogram” which have been determined
using industry guidelines promulgated by the World Gold Council and “capital expenditure (cash)”, which we use to determine
costs associated with producing gold, cash generating capacities of the mines and to monitor performance of our mining
operations. An investor should not consider these items in isolation or as alternatives to cash and cash equivalents, operating costs,
profit/(loss) attributable to equity owners of the parent, profit/(loss) before taxation and other items or any other measure of
financial performance presented in accordance with IFRS or as an indicator of our performance. While the World Gold Council
has provided definitions for the calculation of cash operating costs, the calculation of cash operating costs per kilogram, all-in
sustaining costs and all-in costs per kilogram may vary significantly among gold mining companies, and these definitions by
themselves do not necessarily provide a basis for comparison with other gold mining companies. See “Glossary of Terms and
Explanations” and Item 5A.: “Operating Results - Cash operating costs, all-in sustaining costs and all-in costs per kilogram-
Reconciliation of cash operating costs per kilogram, all-in sustaining costs per kilogram, all-in costs per kilogram and capital
expenditure (cash).”
DRDGOLD Limited
When used in this Annual Report, the term the “Company” refers to DRDGOLD Limited and the terms “we,” “our,” “us” or
“the Group” refer to the Company and its subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures, as appropriate in the context.
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Annual Report contains certain “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Exchange Act,
regarding future events or other future financial performance and information relating to us that are based on the beliefs of our
management, as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to our management. Some of these forward-
looking statements include phrases such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “should,” or
“will continue,” or similar expressions or the negatives thereof or other variations on these expressions, or similar terminology, or
discussions of strategy, plans or intentions. These statements also include descriptions in connection with, among other things:
· estimates regarding future production and throughput capacity;
· our anticipated commitments;
· our ability to fund our operations in the next 12 months; and
· estimated production costs, cash operating costs per ounce, all-in sustaining costs per ounce and all-in costs per ounce.
Such statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are subject to risks, uncertainties and
assumptions. Many factors could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future
results, performance or achievements that may be expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements, including, among others:
· adverse changes or uncertainties in general economic conditions in South Africa;
· regulatory developments adverse to us or difficulties in maintaining necessary licenses or other governmental approvals;
· changes in our competitive position;
· changes in business strategy;
· any major disruption in production at our key facilities; or
· adverse changes in foreign exchange rates and various other factors.
background image
2
For a discussion of such risks, see Item 3D.: “Risk Factors.” The risk factors described in Item 3D. could affect our future
results, causing these results to differ materially from these expressed in any forward-looking statements. These factors are not
necessarily all of the important factors that could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking
statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors could also have material adverse effects on future results.
Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date
thereof. We do not undertake any obligation to update publicly or release any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect
events or circumstances after the date of this Annual Report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
Imperial units of measure and metric equivalents
Units stated in this Annual Report are measured in Imperial and Metric.
Metric
Imperial
Imperial
Metric
1 metric tonne
1.10229 short tons
1 short ton
0.9072 metric tonnes
1 kilogram
2.20458 pounds
1 pound
0.4536 kilograms
1 gram
0.03215 troy ounces
1 troy ounce
31.10353 grams
1 kilometer
0.62150 miles
1 mile
1.609 kilometres
1 meter
3.28084 feet
1 foot
0.3048 metres
1 liter
0.26420 gallons
1 gallon
3.785 liters
1 hectare
2.47097 acres
1 acre
0.4047 hectares
1 centimeter
0.39370 inches
1 inch
2.54 centimetres
1 gram/tonne
0.0292 ounces/ton
1 ounce/ton
34.28 grams/tonnes
0 degree Celsius
32 degrees Fahrenheit
0 degrees Fahrenheit
- 18 degrees Celsius
Glossary of Terms and Explanations
All-in sustaining costs per
kilogram ................................
All-in sustaining costs is a measure on which guidance were provided by the World Gold Council
and include cash operating costs of production plus, on-site general and administrative costs,
royalties and production taxes, sustaining capital, sustaining exploration, the accretion of
rehabilitation costs, but excludes depreciation, retrenchment costs, finance costs, depletion and
amortization, reclamation and closure costs. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram are calculated by
dividing all-in sustaining costs by kilograms of gold produced. This is a non-IFRS financial measure
and should not be considered a substitute measure of costs and expenses reported by us in accordance
with IFRS.
All-in costs per kilogram ....... All-in costs is a measure on which guidance were provided by the World Gold Council and include
total operating costs, plus all-in sustaining costs, non-sustaining capital costs relating to projects,
retrenchment costs, capital recoupment relating to non-sustaining capital, ongoing rehabilitation
expenditure, and non-operating costs, but exclude taxation, minority interest, finance costs, profit or
loss from associates and the cumulative effect of accounting adjustments. All-in costs per kilogram
are calculated by dividing all-in costs by kilograms of gold produced. This is a non-IFRS financial
measure and should not be considered a substitute measure of costs and expenses reported by us in
accordance with IFRS.
Assaying ................................ The chemical testing process of rock samples to determine mineral content.
$/oz ....................................... US dollar per ounce
Care and maintenance ............. Cease active mining activity at a shaft, but continue to incur costs to ensure that the Ore Reserves are
open, serviceable and legally compliant.
Cash operating costs per
kilogram .................................
Cash operating costs are operating costs incurred directly in the production of gold and include labor
costs, contractor and other related costs, inventory costs and electricity costs. Cash operating costs per
kilogram are calculated by dividing cash operating costs by kilograms of gold produced. Cash
operating costs per kilogram have been calculated on a consistent basis for all periods presented. This
is a non-IFRS financial measure and should not be considered a substitute measure of costs and
expenses reported by us in accordance with IFRS.
Conglomerate ......................... A coarse-grained sedimentary rock consisting of rounded or sub-rounded pebbles.
Cut-off grade .......................... The minimum in-situ grade of ore blocks for which the cash operating costs per ounce, excluding
overhead costs, are equal to a projected gold price per ounce.
Depletion ............................... The decrease in the quantity of ore in a deposit or property resulting from extraction or production.
Deposition ............................. Deposition is the geological process by which material is added to a landform or land mass. Fluids
such as wind and water, as well as sediment flowing via gravity, transport previously eroded
sediment, which, at the loss of enough kinetic energy in the fluid, is deposited, building up layers of
sediment. Deposition occurs when the forces responsible for sediment transportation are no longer
sufficient to overcome the forces of particle weight and friction, creating a resistance to motion.
background image
3
Dilution .................................. Broken rock entering the ore flow at zero or minimal grade and therefore diluting the gold content per
ton.
Doré ....................................... Unrefined gold and silver bullion bars consisting of approximately 90% precious metals which will be
further refined to almost pure metal.
Grade ..................................... The amount of gold contained within auriferous material generally expressed in ounces per ton or
grams per ton of ore.
g/t .......................................... Grams per ton.
Horizon ................................. A plane indicating a particular position in a stratigraphic sequence. This may be a theoretical surface
with no thickness or a distinctive bed.
Life of mine ........................... Projected life of a mining operation based on the Proven and Probable Ore Reserves.
Metallurgical plant ................. A processing plant (mill) erected to treat ore and extract the contained gold.
Mine call factor ..................... This is the gold content recovered expressed as a percentage of the gold content called.
Mill ........................................ Material passed through the metallurgical plant for processing.
Mt .......................................... Million tons.
Opening up ............................. The potential that previously abandoned shafts and mining or developed areas, have to be reopened
and mined.
Ore ......................................... A mixture of valuable and worthless minerals from which the extraction of at least one mineral is
technically and economically viable.
Ore Reserves ........................... Attributable total ore reserves of subsidiaries.
Pay-limit ................................ The minimum in-situ grade of ore blocks for which cash operating costs, including all overhead costs,
are equal to a projected gold price per ounce.
Proven Ore Reserves ............... Reserves for which (a) the quantity is computed from dimensions revealed in outcrops, trenches,
workings or drill holes; grade and/or quality are computed from the results of detailed sampling and
(b) the sites for inspection, sampling and measurement are spaced so closely and the geologic
character is so well defined that size, shape, depth, and mineral content of Ore Reserves are
well-established.
Probable Ore Reserves ............ Reserves for which quantity and grade and/or quality are computed from information similar to that
used for Proven Ore Reserves, but the sites for inspection, sampling, and measurement are farther
apart or are otherwise less adequately spaced. The degree of assurance, although lower than that for
Proven Ore Reserves, is high enough to assume continuity between points of observation.
oz/t ........................................ Ounces per ton.
Reef ....................................... A gold-bearing sedimentary horizon, normally a conglomerate band that may contain economic levels
of gold.
Refining ................................. The final purification process of a metal or mineral.
Rehabilitation ......................... The process of restoring mined land to a condition approximating its original state.
Reserves ................................. That part of a mineral deposit which could be economically and legally extracted or produced at the
time of the reserve determination.
Sedimentary ........................... Formed by the deposition of solid fragmental material that originated from weathering of rocks and
was transported from a source to a site of deposition.
Shaft ...................................... An opening cut downwards for transporting personnel, equipment, supplies, ore and waste. A shaft is
also used for ventilation and as an auxiliary exit. It is equipped with a hoist system that lowers and
raises a cage in the shaft, transporting equipment, personnel, materials, ore and waste. A shaft
generally has more than one compartment.
Slimes .................................... The fraction of tailings discharged from a processing plant after the valuable minerals have been
recovered.
Sloughing ............................... The localized failure of part of the slimes dam wall caused by a buildup of water within the dam.
Stope ..................................... Underground production working area on the Ore Horizon.
Stoping .................................. The removal of the wanted ore from an underground mine leaving behind an open space known as a
stope. Stoping is used when the country rock is sufficiently strong not to cave into the stope, although
in most cases artificial support is also provided.
t’000 ...................................... Tons in thousands.
Tailings .................................. Finely ground rock from which valuable minerals have been extracted by milling, or any waste rock,
slimes or residue derived from any mining operation or processing of any minerals.
Tailings dam .......................... A dam created from waste material of processed ore after the economically recoverable gold has been
extracted.
Tonnage/Tonne ..................... Quantities where the metric tonne is an appropriate unit of measure. Typically used to measure
reserves of gold-bearing material in-situ or quantities of ore and waste material mined, transported or
milled.
Tpm ....................................... Tonne per month.
Waste rock ............................. Non-auriferous rock.
Yield ...................................... The amount of recovered gold from production generally expressed in ounces or grams per tonne of
ore.
background image
4
PART I
ITEM 1. IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS
Not applicable.
ITEM 2. OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE
Not applicable.
ITEM 3. KEY INFORMATION
3A. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The following selected consolidated financial data as at June 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011 and for the years ended June 30,
2013, 2012 and 2011 are derived from our consolidated financial statements set forth elsewhere in this Annual Report, which have
been prepared in accordance with IFRS, as issued by the IASB. These consolidated financial statements have been audited by
KPMG Inc. The selected consolidated financial data as at June 30, 2010 and 2009, and for the years ended June 30, 2010 and 2009 is
derived from audited consolidated financial statements not appearing in this Annual Report which have been prepared in accordance
with IFRS as issued by the IASB. The selected consolidated financial data set forth below should be read in conjunction with Item 5.:
“Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” and with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto and the other
financial information appearing elsewhere in this Annual Report.
background image
5
Selected Consolidated Financial Data
(in thousands, except share, per share and ounce data)
Year ended June 30,
2013
1
2013
2012²
2011²                2010²
2009
2
$’000
R’000
R’000
R’000              R’000
R’000
Profit or loss Data
Revenue ...........................................................
206,364
2,076,496
3,004,264
2,565,319
1,990,522
1,910,738
Results from operating activities .....................
12,030
121,048
379,765
(413,971)
35,485
(82,008)
Results from operating activities from
continuing operations....................................
12,030
121,048
252,204
112,634
61,270
(218,195)
Profit/(loss) for the year attributable to
equity owners of the parent ..........................
5,883
59,194
308,675
(287,915)
207,815
129,124
Profit for the year attributable to equity
owners of the parent from continuing
operations ....................................................
5,883
59,194
217,301
67,070
186,553
58,222
Per Share Data
Basic earnings/(loss) per share (cents) ...........
2
16
80
(75)
55
34
Basic earnings per share - continuing
operations (cents) ......................................
2
16
57
17
49
15
Diluted earnings/(loss) per share (cents) ........
2
16
80
(75)
55
34
Diluted earnings per share - continuing
operations (cents) ......................................
2
16
56
17
49
15
Dividends proposed per share (ZAR cents) ...
28.0
10.0
7.5
5.0
5.0
Dividends proposed per ADS (USD cents) ....
28.2
12.1
9.5
7.3
6.7
Average exchange rate (USD1:ZAR) ............
8.8328
7.7523
6.9865
7.6117
9.0484
Number of shares issued as at June 30 ...........       385,383,767
385,383,767
385,383,767
384,884,379
384,884,379
378,001,303
Statement of financial position data
Total assets ..................................................
265,461
2,671,145
2,492,289
2,288,661
2,580,292
2,625,772
Equity (Net assets) .......................................
163,806
1,648,269
1,633,921
1,219,166
1,649,961
1,583,979
Ordinary share capital ...................................
406,397³
4,089,287³
4,089,117³
4,132,604
4,133,318
4,104,480
Month
2013
2013
2013
2013                 2013
2013
September
August
July
June                 May
April
Exchange Rate Data
Average (USD1:ZAR) ....................................
9.9866
10.0398
9.9170
10.0140
9.2808
9.1079
High (USD1:ZAR) .........................................
10.2859
10.3821
10.1992
10.2246
9.8922
9.2379
Low (USD1:ZAR) ..........................................
9.6194
9.7943
9.7053
9.7887
8.9045
8.8988
1
Translations into Dollars in this table are for convenience only and are computed at the noon buying rate in New York City at September 30,
2013 of R10.0623 per $1.00. You should not view such translations as a representation that such amounts represent actual Dollar amounts.
² Comparatives have been restated for the reclassification of Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mining Company Limited (Blyvoor) as a discontinued
operation (disposed June 1, 2012).
³ Ordinary share capital is stated after the deduction of R44.4 million (2012: R44.8 million) share capital relating to treasury shares held within
the Group.
background image
6
3B. CAPITALIZATION AND INDEBTEDNESS
Not applicable.
3C. REASONS FOR THE OFFER AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Not applicable.
3D. RISK FACTORS
In conducting our business, we face many risks that may interfere with our business objectives. Some of these risks relate to
our operational processes, while others relate to our business environment. It is important to understand the nature of these risks and
the impact they may have on our business, financial condition and operating results.
Some of the most relevant risks are summarized below and have been organized into the following categories:
· Risks related to our business and operations;
· Risks related to the gold mining industry;
· Risks related to doing business in South Africa; and
· Risks related to ownership in our ordinary shares or American Depositary Shares, or ADSs.
Risks related to our business and operations
Changes in the market price for gold, which in the past has fluctuated widely, and exchange rate fluctuations affect the
profitability of our operations and the cash flows generated by those operations.
As the majority of our production costs are in rands, while gold is generally sold in dollars, our results of operation and
financial condition have been and could be materially harmed in the future by an appreciation in the value of the rand. Due to the
marginal nature of our operations any sustained decline in the market price of gold, would adversely affect us, and any decline in
the price of gold below the cost of production could result in the closure of some or all of our operations which would result in
significant costs and expenditure, for example, incurring retrenchment costs earlier than expected. Accordingly, any sustained
decline in the price of gold would negatively and adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.
We do not enter into forward contracts to reduce our exposure to market fluctuations in the dollar gold price or the exchange
rate movements of the rand. We sell our gold and trade our foreign currency at the spot price in the market on the date of trade. If the
dollar gold price should fall and/or the rand should strengthen against the dollar, this would adversely affect us and we may
experience losses, and if these changes result in revenue below our cost of production and remain at such levels for any sustained
period, we may be forced to curtail or suspend some or all of our operations. We might not be able to recover any losses we may
incur during that period or maintain adequate gold reserves for future exploitation.
Exchange rates are influenced by global economic trends. In fiscal 2013 and 2012, the rand weakened against the dollar by
19.3% and 21.1% respectively, however in fiscal 2011, the rand strengthened against the dollar by 10.8% (based on exchange rates at
June 30 of each year). From December 2001, when the exchange rate reached R13.44 = $1.00, the rand has appreciated by 26.6%
against the dollar to R9.8675= $1.00 at June 30, 2013 (based on closing rates). At September 30, 2013 the rand traded at R10.0623 =
$1.00, a 2.0% weakening relative to the Dollar from June 30, 2013.
A decrease in the dollar gold price and a strengthening of the foreign exchange rate of the rand against the dollar could result
in a decrease in our profitability. In fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011 all of our production was from South Africa providing significant
exposure to the strengthening of the rand and a decrease in profitability. If the rand were to appreciate against the dollar for a
continued time, our operations could experience a reduction in cash flow and profitability and this would adversely affect our
business, operating results and financial condition.
Inflation may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
South Africa has experienced high rates of inflation in the past. Higher inflation in South Africa may result in an increase in
our future operational costs in rand, unless such inflation is accompanied by a concurrent devaluation of the rand against the dollar or
an increase in the dollar price of gold. Significantly higher and sustained inflation in the future, with a consequent increase in
operational costs could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and our financial condition, and could result in
operations being discontinued or reduced or rationalized.
background image
7
We have incurred losses in the past and may incur losses in the future.
We achieved a net profit of R100.1 million for fiscal 2013, achieved a net profit of R377.0 million for fiscal 2012, as
compared to a net loss of R415.4 million for fiscal 2011. The profit in fiscal 2013 was largely due to a 9% increase in the average
rand gold price received amounting to R458,084 per kilogram and an 8% increase in gold produced from continuing operations,
which was partly offset by an impairment of R238.0 million relating to R110.2 million against property, plant and equipment, R101.3
million against available-for-sale financial assets and R25.6 million against investments. The profit in fiscal 2012 was largely due to a
36% increase in the average rand gold price received amounting to R418,538 per kilogram. The loss in fiscal 2011 was mainly as a
result of an impairment of R546.6 million ($80.0 million) against the property, plant and equipment of Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mining
Company Limited, or Blyvoor, due to the uncertainties surrounding the business rescue proceedings Blyvoor underwent at the end of
fiscal 2011.
Our profits and cash flows of our operations are directly exposed to the gold price, strength of the rand and higher input
costs as we do not hedge.
We may not be able to meet our cash requirements because of a number of factors, many of which are beyond our
control and cannot guarantee that alternative financing would be available.
Management’s estimates on future cash flows are subject to risks and uncertainties, such as the gold price, production
volumes, recovered grades and costs. If we are unable to meet our cash requirements out of cash flows generated from our operations,
we would need to fund our cash requirements from alternative financing and we cannot guarantee that any such financing would be
permitted under the terms of our existing financing arrangements, or would be available on acceptable terms, or at all. In the absence
of sufficient cash flows or adequate financing, our ability to respond to changing business and economic conditions, make future
acquisitions, react to adverse operating results, meet our debt service obligations and fund required capital expenditures or increased
working capital requirements may be adversely affected.
The failure to discover or acquire new Ore Reserves could negatively affect our cash flow, results of operations and
financial condition.
Our future cash flow, results of operations and financial condition are directly related to the success of our exploration
and acquisition efforts in South Africa and any new regions that we identify for future growth opportunities. Our Ore Reserves for
2013 decreased by 8%, mainly due to depletion from mining activities. Our Ore Reserves for fiscal 2012 decreased by 75%,
mainly due to the disposal of Blyvoor which represented 73% of our Ore Reserves on June 30, 2011. Our Ore Reserves for fiscal
2011 increased by 5% due to the higher rand gold price used in the Ore Reserve calculation. Any new or ongoing exploration
programs may not result in new mineral producing operations that will sustain or increase our Ore Reserves. A failure to discover
or acquire new Ore Reserves in sufficient quantities to maintain or grow the current level of our reserves will negatively affect our
future cash flow, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, if we are unable to identify Ore Reserves that have
reasonable prospects for economic extraction while maintaining sufficient controls on production and other costs, this will have a
material influence on the future viability of our operations.
We may need to improve our internal controls over financial reporting and our independent auditors may not be able to
attest to their effectiveness because of inherent limitations.
We have evaluated our internal controls over financial reporting for the current fiscal period so that management can attest
to the effectiveness of these controls, as required by Section 404 of the United States Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Management has
determined that these controls were effective for the 2013, 2012 and 2011 fiscal years respectively and did not identify any material
weaknesses within our internal controls surrounding the financial reporting process. These internal controls over financial reporting
may not be sufficient to prevent significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the future, and we may also identify other
conditions that could result in significant deficiencies or material weaknesses. In this event, we could experience a negative reaction
in the financial markets and incur additional costs in improving the condition of our internal controls. For a detailed discussion of
controls and procedures, see Item 15.: “Controls and Procedures.”
Single point of failure due to one operating segment
With the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012, we currently have only one operating segment, namely Ergo. The various
processing plants, pump stations and deposition site of this business are linked through pipeline infrastructure. The Brakpan plant is
now our major processing plant and we have one deposition site. The pipeline infrastructure relating to the Brakpan plant and
Brakpan tailings facility are exposed to numerous risks, including operational down time due to unplanned maintenance, destruction
of infrastructure, spillages, higher than expected operating costs, or lower than expected production each of which could have a
material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
background image
8
Increased production costs could have an adverse effect on our results of operations.
Our historical production costs have increased significantly and we may not be able to accurately predict and adequately
provide for further increases in our production costs. Production costs are affected by, among other things:
· labor stability, lack of productivity and increases in labor costs;
· increases in electricity and water prices;
· increases in crude oil and steel prices;
· unforeseen changes in ore grades and recoveries;
· unexpected changes in the quality or quantity of reserves;
· technical production issues;
· environmental and industrial accidents;
· gold theft;
· environmental factors; and
· pollution.
The majority of our production costs consist of reagents, labor, steel, electricity, water, fuels, lubricants and other oil and
petroleum based products. The production costs incurred at our operations have in the past, and could in the future, increase at rates in
excess of our annual expected inflation rate and result in the restructuring of these operations at substantial cost. The majority of our
South African labor force is unionized and their wage increase demands are usually above the then prevailing rates of inflation. Ergo
and ERPM signed a two year wage settlement agreement with effect from July 1, 2013, with the National Union of Mineworkers,
or NUM and United Association of South Africa, or UASA, on October 9, 2013, which provides for average annual compensation
increases in year one of 10% for categories 4 – 5, 9% for categories 6 – 7 and 8% for categories 8 – 15; and in year two 8% for
categories 4 – 5 and 7.5% for categories 6 – 15. In addition, in the past, we have been impacted by large price increases imposed
by our South African steel suppliers and parastatal entities which supply us with electricity and water. Increases in steel, electricity or
water prices combined with the increases in labor costs, could result in our costs of production increasing above the gold price
received. Discussions with steel suppliers and parastatal entities to moderate price increases have been unsuccessful in the past.
Labor unrest in South Africa during August and September 2012, resulted in some mining companies agreeing to above
inflation wage increases prior to expiry of the then outstanding wage agreements. As at September 30, 2013, no such demands have
been made by our employees but we cannot guarantee that no such demands will be made in the future.
In October 2013, the NUM rejected the company’s offer of 8.0% for categories 4 -5 and 7.5% for categories 6 – 15
increases for Ergo and ERPM. The NUM also rejected the 10% increases in the living out allowances for fiscal 2013 and fiscal
2014. The NUM was granted strike certificates in respect of the two operations and strike action started with the morning shift on
Tuesday, October 8, 2013. On October 9, 2013, Ergo and ERPM signed a two year wage settlement agreement with effect from
July 1, 2013, with NUM and UASA, which provides for average annual compensation increases in year one of 10% for categories
4 – 5, 9% for categories 6 – 7 and 8% for categories 8 – 15; and in year two 8% for categories 4 – 5 and 7.5% for categories 6 –
15.
The costs of fuels, lubricants and other oil and petroleum based products have increased in fiscal 2013 as a result of the
weakening of the exchange rate although there was a general decrease in the cost of crude oil in global markets. In the event that
crude oil prices increase, this could have a significant impact on our production costs.
Our initiatives to reduce costs, such as reducing our labor force, negotiating lower price increases for consumables and cost
controls, may not be sufficient to offset the increases affecting our operations and could adversely affect our business, operating
results and financial condition.
Our operations are subject to extensive environmental regulations which could impose significant costs and liabilities.
Our operations are subject to increasingly extensive laws and regulations governing the protection of the environment under
various state, provincial and local laws, which regulate air and water quality, hazardous waste management and environmental
rehabilitation and reclamation. Our mining and related activities impact the environment, including land, habitat, streams and
environment near the mining sites. Failure to comply with environmental laws or delays in obtaining, or failures to obtain
government permits and approvals may adversely impact our operations. In addition, the regulatory environment in which we operate
could change in ways that could substantially increase costs to achieve compliance, therefore having a material adverse effect on our
profitability.
background image
9
We have incurred, and expect to incur in the future, expenditures to comply with these environmental laws and regulations.
We have estimated our aggregate group Rehabilitation, Reclamation and Closure cost provision at R524.3 million which is included
in our statement of financial position as at June 30, 2013. However, the ultimate amount of rehabilitation costs may in the future
exceed the current estimates due to factors beyond our control, such as changing legislation, higher than expected cost increases, or
unidentified rehabilitation costs. We have funded these environmental rehabilitation costs by making contributions over the life of the
mine to environmental trust funds or funds held in insurance instruments established for our operations. If any of the operations are
prematurely closed, the rehabilitation funds may be insufficient to meet all the rehabilitation obligations of those operations. The
closure of mining operations, without sufficient financial provision for the funding of rehabilitation liabilities, or unacceptable
damage to the environment, including pollution or environmental degradation, may expose us and our directors to litigation and
potentially significant liabilities.
Flooding at our abandoned underground operations may cause us to incur liabilities for environmental damage.
If the rate of rise of water is not controlled, water from our abandoned underground mining areas could potentially rise to the
surface or decant into surrounding underground mining areas or natural underground water sources. Progressive flooding of these
abandoned underground mining areas and surrounding underground mining areas could eventually cause the discharge of polluted
water to the surface and to local water sources.
Should underground water levels not reach a natural subterranean equilibrium, and in the event that underground water rises
to the surface, we may face, together with all other mining companies in those areas, claims relating to environmental damage as a
result of pollution of ground water, streams and wetlands. These claims may have a material adverse effect on our business, operating
results and financial condition.
Damage to tailings dams and excessive maintenance and rehabilitation costs could result in lower production and health,
safety and environmental liabilities.
Our tailings facilities are exposed to numerous risks and events, the occurrence of which may result in the failure or breach
of such a facility. These may include sabotage, failure by our employees to adhere to the codes of practice and natural disasters such
as excessive rainfall, any of which could force us to stop or limit operations. In addition, the dams could overflow and the health and
safety of our employees and communities living around these dams could be jeopardized. In the event of damage to our tailings
facilities, our operations will be adversely affected and this in turn could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating
results and financial condition.
Due to the nature of our business, our operations face extensive health and safety risks.
The business of gold mining is exposed to numerous risks and events, the occurrence of which may result in the death of, or
personal injury, to employees. Regrettably one person died in a work-related incident during fiscal 2012. The employee died after he
lit a fire in a closed shelter while on duty. According to section 54 of the Mine, Health and Safety Act of 1996, if an inspector
believes that any occurrence, practice or condition at a mine endangers or may endanger the health or safety of any person at the
mine, the inspector may give any instruction necessary to protect the health or safety of persons at the mine. These instructions could
include the suspension of operations at the whole or part of the mine. These incidents could lead to mine operations being halted and
that will increase our unit production costs, due to loss of production. This could have a material adverse effect on our business,
operating results and financial condition.
Events may occur for which we are not insured which could affect our cash flows and profitability.
Because of the nature of our business, we may become subject to liability for pollution or other hazards against which we
are unable to insure, including those in respect of past mining activities. Our existing property, business interruption and other
insurance contains certain exclusions and limitations on coverage. We have insured property, including loss of profits due to business
interruption in the amount of approximately R6.4 billion. Claims for each and every event are limited by the insurers to R500 million.
Business interruption is only covered from the time the loss actually occurs and is subject to time and amount deductibles that vary
between categories.
Insurance coverage may not cover the extent of claims brought against us, including claims for environmental, industrial or
pollution related accidents, for which coverage is not available. If we are required to meet the costs of claims which exceed our
insurance coverage, this could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
background image
10
If we are unable to attract and retain key personnel our business may be harmed.
The success of our business will depend, in large part, upon the skills and efforts of a small group of management and
technical personnel including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer who has resigned effective January 1,
2014. In addition, we compete with mining and other companies on a global basis to attract and retain key human resources at all
levels with appropriate technical skills and operating and managerial experience necessary to operate the business. Factors critical to
retaining our present staff and attracting additional highly qualified personnel include our ability to provide these individuals with
competitive compensation arrangements, equity participation and other benefits. If we are not successful in retaining or attracting
highly qualified individuals in key management positions, our business may be harmed. We do not maintain “key man” life insurance
policies on any members of our executive team. The loss of any of our key personnel, our Chief Financial Officer, could delay the
execution of our business plans, which may result in decreased production, increased costs and decreased profitability.
Our flotation and fine-grind project faces the risk of a start-up project.
Our flotation and fine-grind project is designed to improve extraction efficiencies which are derived from the separation of
gold contained within the sulfides of the tailings material by subjecting the treated material to a flotation circuit, further regrinding
and a leach circuit. This project is forecast to be completed during the second quarter of fiscal 2014. The flotation and fine-grind
project is exposed to numerous risks associated with similar start-up projects, including operational down time due to unplanned
maintenance, destruction of infrastructure, spillages, higher than expected operating costs, or lower than expected production which
could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
Conditions precedent for completion of the Blyvoor sale have not been satisfied and if they are not satisfied or waived
prior to the relevant end dates our business may be harmed.
The sale agreement entered into in connection with the disposal of Blyvoor consists of two parts, being Part A and Part B.
See Item 5A.: “Operating Results - Recent developments” for a more detailed discussion. The conditions precedent for Part A were
satisfied and Part A was completed on June 1, 2012. However, the Part B conditions for the mining right conversion and Ministerial
approval of the transfer of the mining rights owned by Blyvoor may be refused by the Department of Mineral Resources, or DMR,
under the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act of 2002, which may result in specified restitution steps taken by each
party. The sale agreement provides for the possibility that mining right conversion, or Ministerial approval is not obtained. Should
either circumstance occur, the sale agreement envisages a number of outcomes which are primarily determined by reference to the
reasons for the failure of mining right conversion, or Ministerial approval. On July 30, 2013, Village Main Reef Limited suspended
financial assistance to Blyvoor and on August 6, 2013, Blyvoor was placed into provisional liquidation. If the conditions precedent
for Part B of the transaction are not satisfied, or waived by both parties and there is any resulting legal action or dispute, then such
legal action or dispute could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial condition.
Risks related to the gold mining industry
A change in the price of gold, which in the past has fluctuated widely, is beyond our control.
Historically, the gold price has fluctuated widely and is affected by numerous industry factors, over which we have no
control, including:
· the physical supply of gold from world-wide production and scrap sales, and the purchase, sale or divestment by central
  banks of their gold holdings;
· the demand for gold for investment purposes, industrial and commercial use, and in the manufacturing of jewelry;
· speculative trading activities in gold;
· the overall level of forward sales by other gold producers;
· the overall level and cost of production of other gold producers;
· international or regional political and economic events or trends;
· the strength of the dollar (the currency in which gold prices generally are quoted) and of other currencies;
· financial market expectations regarding the rate of inflation;
· interest rates;
· gold hedging and de-hedging by gold producers; and
· actual or expected gold sales by central banks and the International Monetary Fund.
Our profitability may be negatively impacted by declines in gold prices and we incur losses when revenue from gold sales
drops below the cost of production for an extended period.
background image
11
Current economic conditions may adversely affect the profitability of the Group’s operations.
The global economy is currently undergoing a period of prolonged recession and, despite recent signs of stabilization, the
future economic environment is likely to be less favorable than that of prior years. Since September 2008, the global financial system
has experienced difficult credit and liquidity conditions and disruptions resulting in major financial institutions consolidating or going
out of business, tightened credit markets, reduced liquidity, and extreme volatility in fixed income, credit, currency and equity
markets. These conditions may adversely affect the Group’s business. For example, tightening credit conditions may make it more
difficult for the Group to obtain financing on commercially acceptable terms or make it more likely that one or more of our key
suppliers may become insolvent and lead to a supply chain breakdown. In addition, general economic indicators have deteriorated,
including declining consumer sentiment, increased unemployment, declining economic growth and uncertainty regarding corporate
earnings. To the extent the current economic downturn worsens or the economic environment in which the Group operates does not
recover, the Group could experience a material adverse effect on its business, results of operations and financial condition.
The exploration of mineral properties is highly speculative in nature, involves substantial expenditures, and is frequently
unproductive.
We must continually replace Ore Reserves that are depleted by production. Our future growth and profitability will
depend, in part, on our ability to identify and acquire additional mineral rights, and on the costs and results of our continued
exploration and development programs. Gold mining companies may undertake exploration activities to discover gold
mineralization, which in turn may give rise to new gold bearing ore bodies. Exploration is highly speculative in nature and
requires substantial expenditure for drilling, sampling and analysis of ore bodies in order to quantify the extent of the gold reserve.
Many gold exploration programs, including some of ours, do not result in the discovery of mineralization and any mineralization
discovered may not be of sufficient quantity or quality to be mined profitably. If we discover a viable deposit, it usually takes several
years from the initial phases of exploration until production is possible.
During this time, the economic feasibility of production may change. Moreover, we rely on the evaluations of
professional geologists, geophysicists, and engineers for estimates in determining whether to commence or continue mining.
These estimates generally rely on scientific and economic assumptions, which in some instances may not be correct, and could
result in the expenditure of substantial amounts of money on a deposit before it can be determined with any degree of accuracy
whether or not the deposit contains economically recoverable mineralization. Uncertainties as to the metallurgical recovery of any
gold discovered may not warrant mining on the basis of available technology. As a result of these uncertainties, we may not
successfully acquire additional mineral rights, or identify new Proven and Probable Ore Reserves in sufficient quantities to justify
commercial operations in any of our mines. Our mineral exploration rights may also not contain commercially exploitable
reserves of gold. The costs incurred on unsuccessful exploration activities are, as a result, not likely to be recovered and we could
incur a write-down on our investment in that interest or the irrecoverable loss of funds spent.
There is uncertainty with our Ore Reserve estimates.
Our Ore Reserve figures described in this document are the best estimates of our current management as of the dates
stated and are reported in accordance with the requirements of Industry Guide 7 of the SEC. These estimates may be imprecise
and may not reflect actual reserves or future production.
Should we encounter mineralization or formations different from those predicted by past drilling, sampling and similar
examinations, reserve estimates may have to be adjusted and mining plans may have to be altered in a way that might ultimately
cause our reserve estimates to decline. Moreover, if the price of gold declines, or stabilizes at a price that is lower than recent levels,
or if our production costs, and in particular our labor, water, steel and electricity costs, increase or recovery rates decrease, it may
become uneconomical to recover Ore Reserves containing relatively lower grades of mineralization. Under these circumstances, we
would be required to re-evaluate our Ore Reserves. Short-term operating factors relating to the Ore Reserves, such as the need for
sequential development of ore bodies and the processing of new or different grades, may increase our production costs and decrease
our profitability during any given period. These factors have and could result in reductions in our Ore Reserve estimates, which
could in turn adversely impact upon the total value of our mining asset base and our business, operating results and financial
condition.
background image
12
Gold mining is susceptible to numerous events that could have an adverse impact on a gold mining business.
The business of gold mining is exposed to numerous risks and events, the occurrence of which may result in the death of, or
personal injury to, employees, the loss of mining equipment, damage to or destruction of mineral properties or production
facilities, monetary losses, delays in production, environmental damage, loss of the license to mine and potential legal claims. The
risks and events associated with the business of gold mining include:
· environmental hazards and pollution, including dust generation, toxic chemicals, discharge of metals, pollutants, radioactive
  materials and other hazardous material into the air and water;
· flooding, landslides, sinkhole formation, ground subsidence, ground and surface water pollution, and waterway
  contamination;
· a decrease in labor productivity due to labor disruptions, work stoppages, disease, slowdowns or labor strikes;
· unexpected decline of ore grade;
· metallurgical conditions and gold recovery;
· failure of unproven or evolving technologies;
· mechanical failure or breakdowns and ageing infrastructure;
· energy and electrical power supply interruptions;
· injuries to employees or fatalities resulting from falls from heights and accidents relating to mobile machinery or
  electrocution;
· activities of illegal or artisanal miners;
· material and equipment availability;
· legal and regulatory restrictions and changes to such restrictions;
· social or community disputes or interventions;
· accidents caused from the collapse of tailings dams;
· pipeline failures and spillages;
· safety-related stoppages; and
· corruption, fraud and theft including gold bullion theft.
The occurrence of any of these hazards could delay production, increase production costs and may result in significant legal
claims.
Risks related to doing business in South Africa
Political or economic instability in South Africa may reduce our production and profitability.
We are incorporated in South Africa and all of our operations are currently in South Africa. As a result, political and
economic risks relating to South Africa could have a significant effect on our production and profitability. Large parts of the South
African population are unemployed and do not have access to adequate education, health care, housing and other services, including
water and electricity. Government policies aimed at alleviating and redressing the disadvantages suffered by the majority of citizens
under previous governments may increase our costs and reduce our profitability. In recent years, South Africa has experienced high
levels of crime. These problems have impeded fixed inward investment into South Africa and have prompted emigration of skilled
workers. As a result, we may have difficulties attracting and retaining qualified employees.
Inflation can adversely affect us.
Recently, the South African economy has been growing at a relatively slow rate, inflation and unemployment have been
high by comparison with developed countries, and foreign currency reserves have been low relative to other emerging market
countries. The inflation rate in South Africa is relatively high compared to developed, industrialized countries. As of June 2013, the
Consumer Price Inflation Index, or CPI, stood at 5.5%, flat compared to 5.5% in June 2012, and up from 5.3% in June 2011. The
relatively high inflation rate continued at 6.5% as at September 30, 2013. Continuing high levels of inflation in South Africa for
prolonged periods, without a concurrent devaluation of the rand or increase in the price of gold, could result in an increase in our
costs which could reduce our profitability.
Power stoppages or increases in the cost of power could negatively affect our results and financial condition.
Our mining operations are dependent on electrical power supplied by Eskom, South Africa’s state owned utility company.
As a result of a substantial increasing demand and insufficient generating capacity, South Africa has faced significant disruptions in
electricity supply in the past and Eskom has warned that the country could continue to face significant disruptions in electrical power
background image
13
supply in the foreseeable future. The available generating capacity of electricity was constrained mainly as a result of unplanned
maintenance at some of Eskom’s power stations, insufficient supply of coal to the coal fired plants and skills shortages. On January
25, 2008, Eskom announced that they could no longer guarantee the supply of electricity to the South African mining industry.
Eskom subsequently cut off power supply to the mining industry for five days in fiscal 2008 and a number of power outages followed
over several months thereafter. Eskom did manage to contain electricity stoppages but the country’s current reserve capacity is
insufficient and the risk of electricity stoppages is expected to continue through 2014. Apart from the five-day closure in 2008, our
production has not been affected, however further power supply stoppages or power cost increases could have an adverse effect on
our operating results and financial condition. Eskom have indicated that they do not have sufficient funding required for planned
infrastructure development, and have imposed the following average tariff increases: from April 1, 2011 an average tariff increase of
25.8%, from April 1, 2012 an average tariff increase of 16.7% and from April 1, 2013 an average tariff increase of 8.0%. These
increases have had an adverse affect on our production costs and could have a material adverse effect on our business, operating
results and financial condition.
AIDS poses risks to us in terms of productivity and costs.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, and tuberculosis which is closely associated with the onset of the disease
and is exacerbated in the presence of HIV/AIDS, represents a very serious health care challenge in the mining industry. Human
Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, is the virus that causes AIDS and South Africa has one of the highest HIV infection rates in the
world. It is estimated that approximately 30% - 35% of the mining industry workforce in South Africa are HIV positive. The exact
extent to which our mining workforce within South Africa is infected with HIV/AIDS is unknown at this stage. The existence of the
disease poses a risk to us in terms of the potential reduction in productivity and increase in health and safety costs due to the
Company’s social responsibility programs.
The treatment of occupational health diseases and the potential liabilities related to occupational health diseases may
have an adverse effect on the results of our operations and our financial condition.
The primary area of focus in respect of occupational health within our operations is occupational lung diseases (OLD) and
tuberculosis (TB). We provide occupational health services to our employees and continue to improve preventive occupational
hygiene initiatives. The costs associated with providing such occupational health services could increase significantly.
As a result of the South African Constitutional Court decision permitting individuals employed as miners with occupational
lung diseases to sue their current or former employers for damages outside the statutory compensation scheme, we could be subject to
claims against us from previous or current employees, including a potential class action or similar group claim. In January 2013,
DRDGOLD, ERPM and 23 other mining companies were served with a court application for a class action issued in the South
Gauteng High Court by alleged former mineworkers and dependents of deceased mineworkers. In the pending application, the
applicants allege that DRDGOLD, ERPM and other mining companies conducted underground mining operations in such a negligent
manner that resulted in the former mineworkers contracting silicosis. We will assess all such claims, if and when filed, on their
merits. Liability associated with such claims and expenses of dealing with them could have a material adverse effect on our business,
operating results and financial condition.
Increased theft at our work sites, particularly of copper, may result in greater risks to employees or interruptions in
production.
Crime statistics available in South Africa indicate an increase in theft. This together with price increases for copper as a
commodity has resulted in the increased theft of copper cable. Our operations experience high incidents of copper cable theft despite
the implementation of security measures. In addition to the general risk to employees’ lives in an area where theft occurs, we may
suffer production losses and incur additional costs as a result of power interruptions caused by cable theft and theft of bolts used for
the pipeline.
Possible scarcity of water may negatively affect our operations.
National studies conducted by the Water Research Commission, released during September 2009, found that water resources
were 4% lower than estimated in 1995 which may lead to the revision of water usage strategies by several sectors in the South
African economy, including electricity generation and municipalities. This may result in rationing or increased water costs in the
future. Such changes would adversely impact our surface retreatment operations, which use water to transport the slimes or sand from
reclaimed areas to the processing plant and to the tailings facilities. In addition, as our gold plants and piping infrastructure were
designed to carry certain minimum throughputs, any reductions in the volumes of available water may require us to adjust production
at these operations. We are currently considering a project which envisages the pumping of underground water at ERPM and effluent
water for use by our surface retreatment operations which is intended to reduce water consumption, but this may not be successful.
background image
14
Government Regulation
Government policies in South Africa may adversely impact our operations and profits.
The mining industry in South Africa is extensively regulated through legislation and regulations issued through the
government’s administrative bodies. These involve directives in respect of health and safety, the mining and exploration of minerals,
and managing the impact of mining operations on the environment. A variety of permits and authorities are required to mine lawfully,
and the government enforces its regulations through the various government departments. The formulation or implementation of
government policies may be unpredictable on certain issues, including changes in laws relating to mineral rights, ownership of
mining assets and the rights to prospect and mine, additional taxes on the mining industry and in extreme cases, nationalization. A
change in regulatory or government policies could adversely affect our business.

               New order rights obtained under the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002 may not be equivalent to
our old mining rights.

               On May 1, 2004, the new Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Act, or the MPRD Act, came into effect, which
places all mineral and petroleum resources under the custodianship of the state. Private title and ownership in minerals, or the “old
order rights,” are to be converted to “new order rights,” essentially the right to mine.

               Where new order rights are obtained under the MPRD Act, these rights will not be equivalent to our existing property rights.
The new order rights will only be transferable subject to the approval of the Minister of Mineral Resources. Mining or
prospecting must commence within one year or 120 days, respectively, of the mining right or prospecting right becoming effective,
and must be conducted continuously and actively thereafter. The new rights can be suspended or cancelled by the Minister of Mineral
Resources in the event of a breach or, in the case of mining rights, non-optimal mining in accordance with the mining work program.
The MPRD Act states that the conversions must be granted by the minister if all requirements are completed but it does not stipulate
any time frame. The MPRD Act also provides for holders of old order rights to continue to operate under the terms and conditions of
such rights until conversions under the MPRD Act have been completed. See Item 4B. “Business Overview”.


               The implementation of the MPRD Act has resulted in significant adjustments to our property ownership structure. We have
lodged applications to convert all of our old order rights, however, to the extent that we are unable to convert some of our old order
rights to new order rights, and that the exclusive rights to minerals we enjoyed under the previous statutory regime are diminished,
this will result in significant adjustments to our property ownership structure, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on
the underlying value of our operations. To the extent that we are unable to convert some of our old order rights, we may have a claim
for compensation based on expropriation. It is not possible to forecast with any degree of certainty whether a claim will be
enforceable against the DMR, and if enforceable, the level of compensation we will receive, if any. As at September 30, 2013, a
substantial portion of our old order mining rights have been converted into new order rights under the terms of the MPRD Act but
await registration at the Mineral and Petroleum Titles Registration Office of the DMR.

               Mining royalties and other taxation reform could have an adverse affect on the business, operating results and financial
condition of our operations.

               The Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty Act, No.28 of 2008 was enacted on November 21, 2008 and was published
in the South African Government Gazette on November 24, 2008. The Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty Act
(Administration), No.29 of 2008, published on November 26, 2008, became effective from March 1, 2010. These acts provide for the
payment of a royalty, calculated through a royalty rate formula (using rates of between 0.5% and 5.0%) applied against gross revenue
per year, payable half yearly with a third and final payment thereafter. The royalty is tax deductible and the cost after tax amounts to a
rate of between 0.33% and 3.3% at the prevailing marginal tax rates applicable to the taxed entity. The royalty is payable on old
unconverted mining rights and new converted mining rights. Based on a legal opinion the Company obtained, mine dumps created
before the enactment of the MPRD Act fall outside the ambit of this royalty and consequently the Company does not pay any royalty
on any dumps created prior to the MPRD Act. Introduction of further revenue based royalties or any adverse future tax reforms
would have an adverse effect on the business, operating results and financial condition of our operations.

               Ring-fencing of unredeemed capital expenditure for South African mining tax purposes could have an adverse affect on
the business, operating results and financial condition of our operations.

               The Income Tax Act No 58 of 1962, or the ITA, contains certain ring-fencing provisions in section 36 specifically relating
different mines regarding the deduction of certain capital expenditure and the carry over thereof to subsequent years. After the
background image
restructuring of the surface operations, effective July 1, 2012, Ergo is treated as one taxpaying operation pursuant to the relevant ring-
fencing legislation. In the event that we are unsuccessful in confirming our position or should the South African Receiver of Revenue
have a different interpretation of section 36 of the ITA, it could have an adverse effect on the business, operating results and financial
condition of our operations.

               The implementation of carbon or other climate change related to taxes might have a direct or indirect negative cost
impact on our operations.

               Climate change is a global problem that requires both a concentrated international response and national efforts to reduce
greenhouse gas, or GHG, emissions. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the main global response to
climate change. The associated Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that classifies countries by their level of industrialization
and commits certain countries to GHG emission reduction targets. Although South Africa is not one of these countries identified, it
ranked among the top 20 countries measured by absolute carbon dioxide emissions. During the 2009 Copenhagen climate change
negotiations, South Africa voluntarily announced that it would act to reduce domestic GHG emissions by 34% by 2020 and 42% by
2025, subject to the availability of adequate financial, technological and other support. The two main economic policy instruments
available for setting a price on carbon and curbing GHG emissions are carbon taxation and emissions trading schemes. In a
discussion paper on carbon taxation by the National Treasury of the South African Government released in June 2013 different
methods of carbon taxation were discussed. The implementation of these carbon taxes have been postponed until the 2014 national
budget proposal. Should these taxes be implemented, they might have a direct or indirect negative cost impact on our operations
which could have an adverse effect on the business, operating results and financial condition.

               Failure to comply with the requirements of the Broad Based Socio-Economic Empowerment Charter could have an
adverse affect on our business, operating results and financial condition of our operations.

               The Broad Based Socio-Economic Empowerment Charter for the South African Mining Industry, or Mining Charter
(effective from May 1, 2004), established certain numerical goals and timeframes to transform equity participation in the mining
industry in South Africa. The goals set by the Mining Charter include that each mining company must achieve 15% ownership by
historically disadvantaged South Africans, or HDSA, of its South African mining assets within five years and 26% ownership within
ten years, in each case, from May 1, 2004. This is to be achieved by, among other methods, the sale of assets to historically
disadvantaged persons on a willing seller/willing buyer basis at market value.

               In September 2010, the DMR released amendments to the Mining Charter. The intention behind the amendments to the
Mining Charter was to clarify certain ambiguities and uncertainties which existed under the Mining Charter and to provide more
specific targets. However, there are a number of matters that still require clarification and discussions in respect of interpretations of
the requirements are in progress with the DMR. The goals set by the amendments to the Mining Charter include: minimum 26%
HDSA ownership by March 2015; procurement of a minimum 40% of capital goods, 50% of consumer goods and 70% of services
from Black Economic Empowerment, or BEE, entities by March 2015; minimum 40% HDSA representation at each of executive
management level, senior management level, middle management level, junior management level and core and critical skills levels;
minimum 3% investment of annual payroll in skills training; investment in community development; and attain an occupancy rate of
one person per room in on-site accommodation.

               When considering applications for the conversion of existing rights, the relevant regulator will take a “scorecard”
approach, evaluating the commitments of each company to the different facets of promoting the objectives of the Mining Charter.
Failure on our part to comply with the requirements of the Mining Charter and the “scorecard” could subject us to negative
consequences. There is also no guarantee that any steps we might take to comply with the Mining Charter would ensure that we
could successfully acquire new order mining rights in place of our existing rights. In addition, the terms of such new order rights
may not be as favorable to us as the terms applicable to our existing rights. In addition, we may incur expenses in giving
additional effect to the Mining Charter and the “scorecard”, including costs which we may incur including the risk of losing our
mining rights if we do not comply with the requirements stipulated in facilitating the financing of initiatives towards ownership by
historically disadvantaged persons. Any of the foregoing could have an adverse affect on our business, operating results and
financial condition.

               Land claims relating to our properties could have a material adverse affect on our rights to such companies and prevent
us from exploiting our Ore Reserves located there.


               Our privately held land and mineral rights in South Africa could be subject to land restitution claims under the Restitution of
Land Rights Act, 1994 (as amended), or Land Rights Act. Under the Land Rights Act, any person who was dispossessed of rights to
land in South Africa as a result of past racially discriminatory laws or practices is granted certain remedies, including the restoration
of the land. The initial deadline for such claims was December 31, 1998. We have not been notified of any land claims, but it is
possible that administrative delays in the processing of claims could have delayed such notification. Any claims of which we are
notified in the future could have a material adverse effect on our right to the properties to which the claims relate and prevent us from
using that land and exploiting any Ore Reserves located there, which could have an adverse affect on our business, operating results and
financial condition.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       15
background image
The implementation of carbon or other climate change related to taxes might have a direct or indirect negative cost
impact on our operations.
restructuring of the surface operations, effective July 1, 2012, Ergo is treated as one taxpaying operation pursuant to the relevant ring-
fencing legislation. In the event that we are unsuccessful in confirming our position or should the South African Receiver of Revenue 
have a different interpretation of section 36 of the ITA, it could have an adverse effect on the business, operating results and financial 
condition of our operations.
Climate change is a global problem that requires both a concentrated international response and national efforts to reduce
greenhouse gas, or GHG, emissions. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the main global response to
climate change. The associated Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that classifies countries by their level of industrialization
and commits certain countries to GHG emission reduction targets. Although South Africa is not one of these countries identified, it
ranked among the top 20 countries measured by absolute carbon dioxide emissions. During the 2009 Copenhagen climate change
negotiations, South Africa voluntarily announced that it would act to reduce domestic GHG emissions by 34% by 2020 and 42% by
2025, subject to the availability of adequate financial, technological and other support. The two main economic policy instruments
available for setting a price on carbon and curbing GHG emissions are carbon taxation and emissions trading schemes. In a
discussion paper on carbon taxation by the National Treasury of the South African Government released in June 2013 different
methods of carbon taxation were discussed. The implementation of these carbon taxes have been postponed until the 2014 national
budget proposal. Should these taxes be implemented, they might have a direct or indirect negative cost impact on our operations
which could have an adverse effect on the business, operating results and financial condition.
Failure to comply with the requirements of the Broad Based Socio-Economic Empowerment Charter could have an
adverse affect on our business, operating results and financial condition of our operations.
The Broad Based Socio-Economic Empowerment Charter for the South African Mining Industry, or Mining Charter
(effective from May 1, 2004), established certain numerical goals and timeframes to transform equity participation in the mining
industry in South Africa. The goals set by the Mining Charter include that each mining company must achieve 15% ownership by
historically disadvantaged South Africans, or HDSA, of its South African mining assets within five years and 26% ownership within
ten years, in each case, from May 1, 2004. This is to be achieved by, among other methods, the sale of assets to historically
disadvantaged persons on a willing seller/willing buyer basis at market value.
In September 2010, the DMR released amendments to the Mining Charter. The intention behind the amendments to the
Mining Charter was to clarify certain ambiguities and uncertainties which existed under the Mining Charter and to provide more
specific targets. However, there are a number of matters that still require clarification and discussions in respect of interpretations of
the requirements are in progress with the DMR. The goals set by the amendments to the Mining Charter include: minimum 26%
HDSA ownership by March 2015; procurement of a minimum 40% of capital goods, 50% of consumer goods and 70% of services
from Black Economic Empowerment, or BEE, entities by March 2015; minimum 40% HDSA representation at each of executive
management level, senior management level, middle management level, junior management level and core and critical skills levels;
minimum 3% investment of annual payroll in skills training; investment in community development; and attain an occupancy rate of
one person per room in on-site accommodation.
When considering applications for the conversion of existing rights, the relevant regulator will take a “scorecard”
approach, evaluating the commitments of each company to the different facets of promoting the objectives of the Mining Charter.
Failure on our part to comply with the requirements of the Mining Charter and the “scorecard” could subject us to negative
consequences. There is also no guarantee that any steps we might take to comply with the Mining Charter would ensure that we
could successfully acquire new order mining rights in place of our existing rights. In addition, the terms of such new order rights
may not be as favorable to us as the terms applicable to our existing rights. In addition, we may incur expenses in giving
additional effect to the Mining Charter and the “scorecard”, including costs which we may incur including the risk of losing our
mining rights if we do not comply with the requirements stipulated in facilitating the financing of initiatives towards ownership by
historically disadvantaged persons. Any of the foregoing could have an adverse affect on our business, operating results and
financial condition.
Land claims relating to our properties could have a material adverse affect on our rights to such companies and prevent
us from exploiting our Ore Reserves located there.
Our privately held land and mineral rights in South Africa could be subject to land restitution claims under the Restitution of
Land Rights Act, 1994 (as amended), or Land Rights Act. Under the Land Rights Act, any person who was dispossessed of rights to
land in South Africa as a result of past racially discriminatory laws or practices is granted certain remedies, including the restoration
of the land. The initial deadline for such claims was December 31, 1998. We have not been notified of any land claims, but it is
possible that administrative delays in the processing of claims could have delayed such notification. Any claims of which we are
notified in the future could have a material adverse effect on our right to the properties to which the claims relate and prevent us from
using that land and exploiting any Ore Reserves located there, which could have an adverse affect on our business, operating results
and financial condition. 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     15
background image
16
Since our South African labor force has substantial trade union participation, we face the risk of disruption from labor
disputes and new South African labor laws.
Labor costs constituted 17% of our production costs for fiscal 2013, 32% for fiscal 2012 and 35% for fiscal 2011. As of
June 30, 2013, we employed and contracted 2,752 people, of whom approximately 61% are members of trade unions or employee
associations. We have entered into various agreements regulating wages and working conditions at our mines. Unreasonable wage
demands could increase production costs to levels where our operations are no longer profitable. This could lead to accelerated mine
closures and labor disruptions. In addition, we are subject to strikes by workers from time to time, which result in disruptions to our
mining operations.
In recent years, labor laws in South Africa have changed in ways that significantly affect our operations. In particular, laws
that provide for mandatory compensation in the event of termination of employment for operational reasons and that impose large
monetary penalties for non-compliance with the administrative and reporting requirements of affirmative action policies could result
in significant costs to us. In addition, future South African legislation and regulations relating to labor may further increase our costs
or alter our relationship with our employees. Labor cost increases could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and
financial condition.
Labor unrest and xenophobia could affect production.
We may experience labor unrest at our operations. During October and November 2002, ERPM experienced some labor
unrest during which several striking contract workers were wounded and two workers were killed by employees of a private security
company. Furthermore, during fiscal 2008, South Africa fell victim to a slew of xenophobic attacks when a series of riots started in
the township of Alexandra situated in Johannesburg. This violence of locals attacking migrants from other African countries had a
direct impact on our operations at ERPM. Three employees died and attendance was down at the operation for several days.
During August and September 2012, there have been a number of illegal (according to current labor legislation) strikes at
several mining companies in South Africa and events related to these strikes resulted in 45 people being killed. These strikes called
for above inflation wage increases and better working conditions.
Such events at our operations or elsewhere could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results and financial
condition.
Our financial flexibility could be materially constrained by South African currency restrictions.
South African law provides for exchange control regulations, which restrict the export of capital from the Common
Monetary Area, including South Africa. The Exchange Control Department of the South African Reserve Bank, or SARB, is
responsible for the administration of exchange control regulations. In particular, South African companies:
· are generally not permitted to export capital from South Africa or to hold foreign currency without the approval of SARB;
· are generally required to repatriate, to South Africa, profits of foreign operations; and
· are limited in their ability to utilize profits of one foreign business to finance operations of a different foreign business.
While the South African Government has relaxed exchange controls in recent years, it is difficult to predict whether or
how it will further relax or abolish exchange control measures in the future. For further information see Item 10D.: “Exchange
Controls.”
Risks related to ownership of our ordinary shares or ADSs
Sales of large volumes of our ordinary shares or ADSs or the perception that these sales may occur, could adversely
affect the prevailing market price of such securities.
The market price of our ordinary shares or ADSs could fall if substantial amounts of ordinary shares or ADSs are sold by
our stockholders, or there is the perception in the marketplace that such sales could occur. Current holders of our ordinary shares
or ADSs may decide to sell them at any time. Sales of our ordinary shares or ADSs, if substantial, or the perception that these
sales may occur to be substantial, could exert downward pressure on the prevailing market prices for our ordinary shares or ADSs,
causing their market prices to decline. Trading activity of hedge funds and the ability to borrow script in the market place will
increase trading volumes and may place our share price under pressure.
background image
17
Dividend tax, which is a withholding tax, will reduce the amount of dividends received by beneficial owners.
On April 1, 2012, the South African Government replaced Secondary Tax on Companies (then 10%) with a 15%
withholding tax on dividends and other distributions payable to shareholders. Although this may reduce the tax payable by the
Company or our subsidiaries, the withholding tax will reduce the amount of dividends or other distributions received by our
shareholders.
Your rights as a shareholder are governed by South African law, which differs in material respects from the rights of
shareholders under the laws of other jurisdictions.
Our Company is a public limited liability company incorporated under the laws of the Republic of South Africa. The
rights of holders of our ordinary shares, and therefore many of the rights of our ADS holders, are governed by our memorandum
of incorporation and by South African law. These rights differ in material respects from the rights of shareholders in companies
incorporated elsewhere, such as in the United States. In particular, South African law significantly limits the circumstances under
which shareholders of South African companies may institute litigation on behalf of a company.
It may not be possible for you to effect service of legal process, enforce judgments of courts outside of South Africa or
bring actions based on securities laws of jurisdictions other than South Africa against us or against members of our board.
Our Company, certain members of our board of directors and executive officers are residents of South Africa. In
addition, our cash producing assets are located outside the United States and a major portion of the assets of members of our board
of directors and executive officers are either wholly or substantially located outside the United States. As a result, it may not be
possible for you to effect service of legal process, within the United States or elsewhere including in South Africa, upon most of
our directors or officers, including matters arising under United States federal securities laws or applicable United States state
securities laws.
Moreover, it may not be possible for you to enforce against us or the members of our board of directors and executive
officers judgments obtained in courts outside South Africa, including the United States, based on the civil liability provisions of
the securities laws of those countries, including those of the United States. A foreign judgment is not directly enforceable in South
Africa, but constitutes a cause of action which will be enforced by South African courts provided that:
· the court which pronounced the judgment had jurisdiction to entertain the case according to the principles recognized by
  South African law with reference to the jurisdiction of foreign courts;
· the judgment is final and conclusive (that is, it cannot be altered by the court which pronounced it);
· the judgment has not lapsed;
· the recognition and enforcement of the judgment by South African courts would not be contrary to public policy, including
  observance of the rules of natural justice which require that no award is enforceable unless the defendant was duly served
  with documents initiating proceedings, that he was given a fair opportunity to be heard and that he enjoyed the right to be
  legally represented in a free and fair trial before an impartial tribunal;
· the judgment was not obtained by fraudulent means;
· the judgment does not involve the enforcement of a penal or revenue law; and
· the enforcement of the judgment is not otherwise precluded by the provisions of the Protection of Business Act, 1978 (as
  amended), of South Africa.
It is the policy of South African courts to award compensation for the loss or damage actually sustained by the person to
whom the compensation is awarded. Although the award of punitive damages is generally unknown to the South African legal system
that does not mean that such awards are necessarily contrary to public policy. Whether a judgment was contrary to public policy
depends on the facts of each case. Exorbitant, unconscionable, or excessive awards will generally be contrary to public policy. South
African courts cannot enter into the merits of a foreign judgment and cannot act as a court of appeal or review over the foreign court.
South African courts will usually implement their own procedural laws and, where an action based on an international contract is
brought before a South African court, the capacity of the parties to the contract will usually be determined in accordance with South
African law. It is doubtful whether an original action based on United States federal securities laws may be brought before South
African courts. A plaintiff who is not resident in South Africa may be required to provide security for costs in the event of
proceedings being initiated in South Africa. Furthermore, the Rules of the High Court of South Africa require that documents
executed outside South Africa must be authenticated for the purpose of use in South African courts. It is not possible therefore for an
investor to seek to impose criminal liability on us in a South African court arising from a violation of United States federal
securities laws.
background image
18
ITEM 4. INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY
4A. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPANY
Introduction
DRDGOLD Limited, or DRDGOLD, is a South African gold mining company engaged in surface gold tailings retreatment
including exploration, extraction, processing and smelting. Our main subsidiary is Ergo Mining Operations Proprietary Limited, or
EMO, in which we hold a 74% interest. Our black economic empowerment partners are Khumo Gold SPV Proprietary Limited, or
Khumo Gold and an employee trust (known as the DRDSA Empowerment Trust), which hold 20% and 6% respectively in EMO. On
June 1, 2012, we sold our entire interest and claims against Blyvoor to Business Venture Investment No 1557 Proprietary Limited, a
wholly owned subsidiary of Village Main Reef Limited, or Village.
On July 1, 2012, all the group’s surface operations, including Crown Gold Recoveries Proprietary Limited, or Crown, all
the surface assets and liabilities of East Rand Proprietary Mines Limited, or ERPM, and ErgoGold (formerly called Elsburg Gold
Mining joint venture), were restructured into Ergo Mining Proprietary Limited, or Ergo Mining. As at June 30, 2013, EMO wholly
owned and operated Crown, Ergo Mining, and ERPM. Ergo Mining, Crown, ErgoGold and ERPM’s Cason operation are
collectively referred to as Ergo.
DRDGOLD is also a 49% partner in Chizim Gold (Pvt) Limited, or Chizim Gold, an early-stage gold exploration project on
Zimbabwe’s Greenstone Belt.
We are a public limited liability company, incorporated on February 16, 1895, as Durban Roodepoort Deep Limited, and our
shares were listed on the JSE in that same year. In 1898, our milling operations commenced with 30 stamp mills and in that year we
treated 38,728 tons of ore and produced 22,958 ounces of gold. On December 3, 2004, the company changed its name from Durban
Roodepoort Deep Limited to DRDGOLD Limited. Our operations have focused on South Africa's West Witwatersrand Basin, which
has been a gold producing region for over 100 years.
Our shares and/or related instruments trade on the JSE, New York Stock Exchange, the Marche Libre on the Paris Bourse,
the Brussels Bourse in the form of International Depository Receipts, the Over The Counter, or OTC, market in Berlin and Stuttgart
and the Regulated Unofficial Market on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
Our registered office and business address is 1
st
Floor, Building 1, Quadrum Office Park, 50 Constantia Boulevard,
Constantia Kloof Ext. 28, Roodepoort, South Africa. The postal address is P.O. Box 390, Maraisburg 1700, South Africa. Our
telephone number is (+27 11) 470-2600 and our facsimile number is (+27 11) 470-2618. We are registered under the South African
Companies Act, 1973 (as amended) under registration number 1895/000926/06. The South African Companies Act, 1973 has been
superseded by the South African Companies Act 71, 2008 which had been promulgated as from May 1, 2011. For our ADSs, the
Bank of New York, at 101 Barclay Street, New York, NY 10286, United States, has been appointed as agent.
South African operations
Ergo
Ergo Mining was formed in June 2007, primarily to recover and treat – over a period of 12 years – approximately 186
million tonnes (Mt) of surface tailings contained in the Elsburg Tailings Complex for gold. As a second-phase development, in
conjunction with a new pipeline linking Ergo with Crown, the Ergo plant’s second carbon-in-leach (CIL) circuit was refurbished to
increase capacity from 1.2 million tonnes per month (Mtpm) to 1.8Mtpm. Ergo Mining is licensed to produce uranium and sulphuric
acid, and a feasibility study to assess the potential of these by-products from the Ergo resource will be completed in fiscal 2014. On
July 1, 2012, Ergo Mining acquired the mining assets and certain liabilities of Crown and all the surface assets and liabilities of
ERPM as part of the restructuring of our surface operations. Also as part of this restructuring, Ergo Mining acquired DRDGOLD's
35% interest in ErgoGold for R200 million.
Crown was acquired on September 14, 1998, in exchange for 5,925,139 of our ordinary shares. Crown, which is located
within the Witwatersrand Basin, exploits various surface sources, including sand and slime tailings deposited as part of previous
mining operations. On July 1, 2012, Crown sold its mining assets, mining and prospecting rights and certain liabilities to Ergo Mining
in exchange for shares in Ergo Mining as part of the restructuring of our surface operations.
ERPM, which consists of the original underground mine which is under care and maintenance, the Cason Dump surface
retreatment operation and ERPM Extension 1 and 2 exploration tenements, was acquired on October 10, 2002. Underground mining
at ERPM was halted in October 2008. On July 1, 2012, ERPM sold its surface mining assets, and its 65% interest in ErgoGold to
Ergo Mining in exchange for shares in Ergo Mining as part of the restructuring of our surface operations.
background image
19
Blyvoor (discontinued operation)
We acquired Blyvoor in September, 1997, in exchange for 12,693,279 of our ordinary shares. Blyvoor is a predominantly
underground operating mine located within the Witwatersrand Basin, exploiting gently to moderately dipping gold bearing quartz
pebble conglomerates in addition to certain surface sources. In June 2012 we sold our entire interest in Blyvoor to Village. See Item
5A.: “Operating Results - Recent developments” for a more detailed discussion.
Zimbabwe exploration
Chizim Gold
Chizim Gold was established in December 2009 as a 50:50 joint venture with Chizim Investments (Pvt) Limited, or Chizim
Investments, to conduct feasibility studies on certain gold exploration tenements in Zimbabwe’s Greenstone Belt extending over an
area of more than 21,000 hectares. On June 7, 2013 DRDGOLD reduced its holding to 49%. As underground mining is not in line
with DRDGOLD’s strategy, we intend to dispose of our exploration assets in Zimbabwe.
Important Events in Our Development Generally and in the Current Year
Restructuring of the surface operations
In order to improve synergies, effect cost savings and a simpler group structure, DRDGOLD announced, on July 3, 2012,
the restructuring of the group’s surface operations into Ergo Mining (effective July 1, 2012). Ergo Mining is a wholly-owned
subsidiary of EMO.
On July 1, 2012, Ergo Mining acquired the mining assets and certain liabilities of Crown and all the surface assets and
liabilities of ERPM as part of the restructuring of our surface operations. Also as part of this restructuring, Ergo Mining acquired
DRDGOLD's 35% interest in ErgoGold for R200 million. All conditions for DRDGOLD’s disposal of its 35% direct ErgoGold
interest to Ergo Mining have been met. The ERPM and Crown disposals are subject to the consent of the Minister of Mineral
Resources in terms of section 11 of the MPRD Act.
Exploration in Zimbabwe
Exploration activities through our joint venture Chizim Gold indicated underground mining potential at the various sites.
As underground mining is not in line with DRDGOLD’s strategy, we intend to dispose of our exploration assets in Zimbabwe.
DRDGOLD and TCTA agree terms on acid mine drainage
In December 2012, EMO, Ergo Mining and ERPM (collectively referred to as the Ergo Group) entered into heads of
agreement with Trans-Caledon Tunnel Authority (TCTA), aimed at laying a foundation for a self-sustainable solution to acid mine
drainage (AMD) in the Central Witwatersrand Basin.
Pursuant to this heads of agreement, TCTA, acting through directives issued by the Minister of Water and Environmental
Affairs and the Department of Water Affairs, is to construct pumping and treatment facilities to intercept rising acid mine
drainage, or AMD, and to prevent it from reaching the so-called ‘environmental critical level’.
In terms of the heads of agreement, the Ergo Group grants TCTA:
· access to land for the construction of a water treatment plant;
· access to the South West Vertical Shaft of ERPM to construct and operate a pump station to pump AMD to surface;
· the right to construct a sludge pipeline, using servitudes owned by Ergo Group members;
· shared use of an Ergo Group residue pipeline; and
· partial use of the Ergo Group tailings dams for the deposition of up to 4.167m³ of sludge per day, emanating from the
  water treatment plant.
Also in terms of the heads of agreement, EMO has an option, at its election, to acquire from TCTA, for its operations, up to
30 mega litres of untreated or partially treated AMD per day, which can be used in our surface operation.
For further information on other capital investments, divestures, capital expenditure and capital commitments, see Item
4D.: “Property, Plant and Equipment,” and Item 5B.: “Liquidity and Capital Resources.”
background image
20
4B. BUSINESS OVERVIEW
Description of Our Mining Business
Surface tailings retreatment
Surface tailings retreatment involves the extraction of gold from old mine dumps, comprising the waste material from earlier
underground gold mining activities. This is done by reprocessing sand dumps and slimes dams along the reefs that stretch from east
to west just to the south of Johannesburg’s central business district (CBD). Sand dumps are the result of the less efficient stamp-
milling process employed in earlier times. They consist of coarse-grained particles which generally contain higher quantities of gold.
Sand dumps are reclaimed mechanically using front end loaders that load sand onto conveyor belts. The sand is fed onto a screen
where water is added to wash the sand into a sump, from where it is pumped to the plant. Most sand dumps have already been
retreated using more efficient milling methods. Lower grade slimes dams are also the result of the old treatment methods but do not
require milling. This material has become economically more viable to process owing to improved treatment methods and a higher
gold price. The material from the slimes dams is broken down using monitor guns that spray jets of high pressure water at the target
area. The resulting slurry is then pumped to a treatment plant for processing.
Underground mining
Our underground mining operations, which have now either been sold or closed down, comprised relatively mature assets
and the principal mining method used was the extraction of Ore Reserves from previously mined-out areas, which required a high
degree of opening up, development and retreatment of these Ore Reserves.
Exploration
Exploration activities are focused on the extension of existing ore bodies and identification of new ore bodies both at
existing sites and at undeveloped sites. Once a potential ore body has been discovered, exploration is extended and intensified in
order to enable clearer definition of the ore body and the portions with the potential to be mined. Geological techniques are constantly
refined to improve the economic viability of exploration and exploitation.
Our Metallurgical Plants and Processes
A detailed review of the metallurgical plants and processes for each of the mining operations is provided under Item 4D.:
“Property, Plant and Equipment.”
Market
The gold market is relatively liquid compared to other commodity markets, with the price of gold generally quoted in
dollars. Physical demand for gold is primarily for manufacturing purposes, and gold is traded on a world-wide basis. Refined gold has
a variety of uses, including jewelry, electronics, dentistry, decorations, medals and official coins. In addition, central banks, financial
institutions and private individuals buy, sell and hold gold bullion as an investment and as a store of value (due to the tendency of
gold to retain its value in relative terms against basic goods and in times of inflation and monetary crises).
The use of gold as a store of value and the large quantities of gold held for this purpose in relation to annual mine production
have meant that historically the potential total supply of gold has been far greater than demand. Thus, while current supply and
demand play some part in determining the price of gold, this does not occur to the same extent as in the case of other commodities.
Instead, the gold price has from time to time been significantly affected by macro-economic factors such as expectations of inflation,
interest rates, exchange rates, changes in reserve policy by central banks, and global or regional political and economic crises. In
times of inflation and currency devaluation, gold is often seen as a safe haven, leading to increased purchases of gold and support for
its price.
The gold market was strong but remained volatile in fiscal 2013, trading between a low of $1,192 per ounce and a high of
$1,792 per ounce. The average spot price was 4% lower than in the previous fiscal year, at $1,606 per ounce. Amid continuing global
economic uncertainty, investors turned once more to gold (notably to safe-haven products such as Exchange Traded Funds) and this,
together with more de-hedging activity and a slowdown in new mine supply, particularly from South Africa, saw demand exceed
supply. The average gold price received by us for fiscal 2013 was R458,084 per kilogram which was 9% higher than the previous
year at R418,538 per kilogram.
background image
21
Looking ahead, we believe that the global economic environment, including economic uncertainty and other factors, will
continue to make gold attractive to investors. The supply side shortfall is likely to continue because of circumstances including
operational challenges and delays in opening new mines and the challenge, particularly to South African producers such as ourselves,
of maintaining profitable production in the face of rising costs, which may affect production levels, with all of our revenues generated
by our operations in South Africa.
Our total revenue by geographic market was as follows:
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
2011
R’000
R’000
R’000
South Africa ................................................................................................
2,076,496
3,004,264               2,565,319
2,076,496
3,004,264               2,565,319
All gold we produce is sold on our behalf by Rand Refinery Proprietary Limited, or Rand Refinery, in accordance with a
refining agreement entered into in October 2001. The gold bars which we produce consist of approximately 85% gold, 7-8% silver
and the balance comprises copper and other common elements. The gold bars are sent to Rand Refinery for assaying and final
refining where the gold is purified to 99.9% and cast into troy ounce bars of varying weights. Rand Refinery then usually sells the
gold on the same day as delivery, for the London afternoon fixed Dollar price, with the proceeds remitted to us in rand within two
days. In exchange for this service, we pay Rand Refinery a variable refining fee plus fixed marketing, loan and administration fees.
We currently own 11% (fiscal 2012: 4%) of Rand Refinery. Mr. T.J. Gwebu, our Executive Officer Compliance, is a director of
Rand Refinery, a member of Rand Refinery's Remuneration Committee and chairman of Rand Refinery's Social and Ethics
Committee and Mr. M. Burrell, our Financial Director Ergo Mining, is an alternate director of Rand Refinery and is also a member of
Rand Refinery's Audit Committee.
Ore Reserves
The tables below set out the Proven and Probable Ore Reserves of the Group as of June 30, 2013, and 2012, in both
imperial and metric units. Our Ore Reserves are comprised of our attributable Ore Reserves.
Ore Reserve estimates in this Annual Report are reported in accordance with the requirements of the SEC’s Industry
Guide 7. Accordingly, as of the date of reporting, all reserves are planned to be mined out under the life of mine business plans
within the period of our existing rights to mine, or within the time period of assured renewal periods of our rights to mine. In
addition, as of the date of reporting, all reserves are covered by required permits and governmental approvals. See Item 4D.:
“Property, Plant and Equipment” for a description of the rights in relation to each mine.
In South Africa, we are legally required to publicly report Ore Reserves and Mineral Resources in compliance with the
South African Code for the Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves, or SAMREC Code. The
SEC’s Industry Guide 7 does not recognize Mineral Resources. Accordingly, we do not include estimates of Mineral Resources in
this Annual Report.
Ore Reserve calculations are subject to a review conducted in accordance with SEC Industry Guide 7. Components of the
calculations included in the geological models and input parameters of the reserve estimation procedures, were checked. In
addition, visual inspection of the planning to deliver an individual block to the metallurgical plant, and the recovery, and
deposition of the tailings, took place. A check is also made of the financial input into the costs and revenue to affirm that they are
within reasonable limits.
The Ore Reserves are inclusive of diluting materials and allow for losses that may occur when the material is mined. Ore
Reserve tons, grade and content are quoted as delivered to the gold plant. There are two types of methods available to select ore for
mining. The first is pay-limit, which includes cash operating costs, including overhead costs, to calculate the pay-limit grade. The
second is the cut-off grade which includes cash operating costs, excluding fixed overhead costs, to calculate the cut-off grade,
resulting in a lower figure than the full pay-limit grade. The cut-off grade is based upon direct costs from the mining plan, taking into
consideration production levels, production efficiencies and the expected costs. We use the pay-limit to determine which areas to
mine, as an overhead inclusive amount that is indicative of the break-even position.
The pay-limit approach is based on the minimum in-situ grade of ore blocks, for which the production costs, which includes
all overhead costs, including head office charges, are equal to a three-year historical average gold price per ounce for that year. This
calculation also considers the previous three years’ mining and milling efficiencies, which includes metallurgical and other mining
factors and the production plan for the next twelve months. Only blocks above the pay-limit grade are considered for mining. The
pay-limit grade is higher than the cut-off grade, because this includes overhead costs, which indicates the break-even position of the
operation.
background image
22
When delineating the economic limits to the ore bodies, we adhere to the following guidelines:
· The potential ore to be mined is well defined by an externally verified and approved geological model created using our
   mining software;
· The potential ore, which is legally allowed to be mined, is also confined by the mine's lease boundaries; and
· A full life of mine business plan (physical 5 year plan) is prepared to mine the ore from existing infrastructure.
Our Ore Reserves figures are estimates, which may not reflect actual reserves or future production. We have prepared these
figures in accordance with industry practice, converting mineral deposits to an Ore Reserve through the preparation of a mining plan.
The Ore Reserve estimates contained herein inherently include a degree of uncertainty and depend to some extent on statistical
inferences which may ultimately prove to have been unreliable.
Reserve estimates require revisions based on actual production experience or new information. Should we encounter
mineralization or formations different from those predicted by past drilling, sampling and similar examinations, reserve estimates
may have to be adjusted and mining plans may have to be altered in a way that might adversely affect our operations. Moreover, if
the price of gold declines, or stabilizes at a price that is lower than recent levels, or if our production costs increase or recovery rates
decrease, it may become uneconomical to recover Ore Reserves containing relatively lower grades of mineralization.
Our Ore Reserves are prepared using three year average gold prices at the time of reserve determination. In light of the
significant increase in gold prices, since fiscal 2006 the Company prepares its life of mine business plans using the prevailing gold
price at the time of the reserve determination, which is at the end of the fiscal year.
Gold prices and exchange rates used for Ore Reserves and for our business plan are outlined in the following table.
2013
2012
Three-year average
Business Plan      Three-year average
Business Plan
Reserve gold price –$/oz
1,559
1,192
1,388
1,651
Reserve gold price –R/kg
390,973
378,158
331,792
408,381
Exchange rate –R/$
7.80
9.87
7.44
7.69
In fiscal 2013, our attributable Ore Reserves (imperial) decreased by 8% from 1.8 million ounces at June 30, 2012, to
1.7 million ounces at June 30, 2013, primarily as a consequence of mining activity.
Based on the life of mine business plans, the life of mine for our operations at June 30, 2013, are set out in the table
below.
Surface
Mine
2013
2012
Ergo
1
............................................................
9 years
10 years
1
Ergo has been restated to include Ergo Mining, ErgoGold, Crown and ERPM’s surface retreatment operation.
background image
23
Our Ore Reserves as of June 30, 2013 and 2012 are set forth in the tables below.
Ore Reserves: Imperial
At June 30, 2013
At June 30, 2012
Proven Ore Reserves
Probable Ore Reserves
Proven Ore Reserves
Probable Ore Reserves
Tons
Grade
Gold
Content
Tons
Grade
Gold
Content
Tons
Grade
Gold
Content
Tons
Grade
Gold
Content
(mill)
(oz/ton)
('000 ozs)
(mill)
(oz/ton)    ('000 ozs)
(mill)    (oz/ton)
('000 ozs)
(mill)
(oz/ton)     ('000 ozs)
Ergo
1
Surface
.......................................................... 123.296            0.01                1,181
37.69           0.01              495
135.23
0.01            1,281
51.21            0.01              544
Total
2
............................................................... 123.296            0.01
1,181
37.69
0.01
495
135.23         0.01
1,281
51.21
0.01
544
Ore Reserves: Metric
At June 30, 2013
At June 30, 2012
Proven Ore Reserves
Probable Ore Reserves
Proven Ore Reserves
Probable Ore Reserves
Tonnes        Grade
Gold
Content    Tonnes        Grade
Gold
Content     Tonnes        Grade
Gold
Content
Tonnes
Grade
Gold
Content
(mill)     (g/tonne)        (tonnes)     (mill)    (g/tonne)       (tonnes)      (mill)   (g/tonne)    (tonnes)
(mill)
(g/tonne)
(tonnes)
Ergo
1
Surface
.......................................................... 111.854
0.33
36.739    34.192
0.45
15.388      122.68
0.32
39.83      46.46
0.36          16.92
Total
2
............................................................... 111.854              0.33           36.739
34.192           0.45           15.388
122.68            0.32
39.83
46.46           0.36
16.92
1
Ergo’s Ore Reserves include the Elsburg and Benoni tailings complexes which are being processed by Ergo, however the mining rights for these tailings are owned by ERPM. Crown has been included under
Ergo for fiscal 2013 and 2012.
2
The Ore Reserves listed in the above table are estimates of what can be legally and economically recovered from operations, and, as stated, are estimates of tons delivered to the mill.
background image
24
The measurement and classification of our Proven and Probable Ore Reserves are sensitive to an extent to the fluctuation of
the gold price. If we had used different gold prices than the three-year average prices at the time of reserve determination, as of June
30, 2013 and 2012 respectively, we would not have had significantly different reserves as of those dates. Using the same
methodology and assumptions as were used to estimate Ore Reserves but with different gold prices, our attributable Ore Reserves as
of June 30, 2013 and 2012 would be as follows:
Year ended June 30, 2013
Three-year
average price
Business Plan
at prevailing
price
10% Below
prevailing
price
10% Above
prevailing
price
Rand gold price per kilogram
390,973
378,158
340,342
415,974
Dollar gold price per ounce
1,599
1,192
1,073
1,311
Attributable ore reserves (million ounces)
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
Year ended June 30, 2012
Three-year
average price
Business Plan
at prevailing
price
10% Below
prevailing
price
10% Above
prevailing
price
Rand gold price per kilogram .........................................
331,792
408,381
367,543
449,219
Dollar gold price per ounce ............................................
1,388                     1,651                     1,486                     1,816
Attributable ore reserves (million ounces) ......................
1.8
1.8
1.8
2.1
The approximate mining recovery factors for the 2013 ore reserves shown in the above table are as follows:
Surface
Mine
Mine Call Factor
(%)
Metallurgical and
recovery factor
(%)
Ergo .............................
100.0
50.6
The approximate mining recovery factors for the 2012 ore reserves shown in the above table are as follows:
Surface
Mine
Mine Call Factor
(%)
Metallurgical and
recovery factor
(%)
Crown ..........................
100.0
59.1
Ergo .............................
100.0
38.4
The following table shows the average drill/sample spacing (rounded to the nearest foot), as at June 30, 2013 and 2012, for
each category of Ore Reserves at our mines calculated based on a three year average dollar price of gold.
Mine
Proven
Reserves
Probable
Reserves
Ergo ...........................................................................................................................
328 ft. by 328 ft.
328 ft. by 328 ft.
The pay-limit grades based on the three year average dollar price for gold and costs used to determine reserves as of
June 30, 2013, are as follows:
Surface
Mine
Pay-limit grade
(g/t)
Costs used to
determine pay-
limit grade (R/t)
Ergo ..............................................................................
0.30                          58.37
background image
25
The pay-limit grades and costs used to determine reserves as of June 30, 2012, are as follows:
Surface
Mine
Pay-limit grade
(g/t)
Costs used to
determine pay-
limit grade (R/t)
Crown ...........................................................................
0.27
64.91
Ergo ..............................................................................
0.19
29.42
We apply the pay-limit approach to the mineralized material database of our business in order to determine the tonnage and
grade available for mining.
Governmental regulations and their effects on our business
Common Law Mineral Rights and Statutory Mining Rights
Prior to the introduction of the Minerals and Petroleum Resources Development Act, or MPRD Act, in 2002, ownership in
mineral rights in South Africa could be acquired through the common law or by statute. With effect from May 1, 2004, all minerals
have been placed under the custodianship of the South African government under the provisions of the MPRD Act, and old order
proprietary rights were required to be converted to new order rights of use within certain prescribed periods, as dealt with in more
detail below.
Old Order Rights - Mining Authorizations
Schedule II of the MPRD Act allows the Minister to grant, on application, appropriate rights over the same mineral on the
same land which is the subject of the old order right. By way of example, holders of unused old order rights had for a period of one
year from the effective date of the MPRD Act the exclusive right to apply for an appropriate right in terms of item 8 of Schedule II.
Once an old order right is lodged for conversion at the Department of Mineral Resources (DMR), it remains in force until it is
converted.
Conversion of Rights under the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 2002
Existing old order rights were required to be converted into new order rights in order to ensure exclusive access to the
mineral for which rights existed at the time of the enactment of the MPRD Act. In respect of used old order mining rights, the DMR
is obliged to convert the rights if the applicant complies with certain statutory criteria. These include the submission of a mining
works program, demonstrable technical and financial capability to give effect to the program, provision for environmental
management and rehabilitation, and compliance with certain black economic empowerment criteria and the social and labor plan.
These applications had to be submitted within five years after the promulgation of the MPRD Act on May 1, 2004. Similar
procedures apply where we hold prospecting rights and a prospecting permit and conduct prospecting operations. Under the MPRD
Act, mining rights are not perpetual, but endure for a fixed period, namely a maximum period of thirty years, after which they may be
renewed for a further period of thirty years. Prospecting rights are limited to five years, with one further period of renewal of three
years. Applications for conversion of our old order rights were submitted to the DMR within the requisite time periods. During this
period, we are permitted to continue to operate under the terms and conditions of the old order rights which we hold. As at September
30, 2013, a substantial portion of our old order mining rights have been converted into new order rights under the terms of the MPRD
Act but await registration at the Mineral and Petroleum Titles Registration Office of the DMR.
Mining royalties
Effective March 1, 2010, royalties from mining activities became payable to the state under provisions contained in the
Mineral and Petroleum Resources Royalty Act, or the Royalty Act. The most significant feature of the Royalty Act is that the
royalty is to be determined in accordance with a formula based system and no longer to be a predetermined specific rate for the
different types of minerals. The royalty is deductible for normal income tax purposes.
The Royalty Act defines the tax base as gross sales excluding the transportation and handling costs of the final product.
The final product can be either the “refined” or “unrefined” mineral depending on the nature of the mineral in question. There has
been general consensus that a formula derived mineral royalty rate regime is more equitable and provides the necessary relief for
mines during times of difficulties, e.g. low commodity prices and mines that become marginal due to low grades. The formula-
based mineral royalty rate regime also ensures that the State shares in the benefits of higher commodity prices. The State thus
shares in the downside risks, when mines become marginal, and in the upside benefits during times of high commodity prices.
Based on comments received, the formulae were adjusted to take into account the capital intensive nature of certain mining
operations, especially Gold mining and Oil and Gas. The formulae use earnings before income tax, or EBIT, with 100 percent
capital expensing.
background image
26
Given that a distinction is drawn between refined and unrefined minerals, the mineral royalty percentage rates (Y%) is
based on the following formulae:
· For refined minerals: Y (%) = 0.5 + [(EBIT divided by (Gross Sales multiplied by 12.5)) multiplied by 100]. This rate is
  capped at a maximum of 5.0% with a minimum of 0.5%.
· For unrefined minerals: Y (%) = 0.5 + [(EBIT divided by (Gross Sales multiplied by 9.0)) multiplied by 100]. This rate is
  capped at a maximum of 7.0% with a minimum of 0.5%.
For the purpose of calculating the royalty percentage rates a negative EBIT will be set equal to zero.
The Broad Based Socio-Economic Empowerment Charter
In order to promote broad based participation in mining revenue, the MPRD Act provides for a Mining Charter to be
developed by the Minister within six months of commencement of the MPRD Act, beginning May 1, 2004. The Mining Charter was
initially published in August 2004 and was subsequently amended in September 2010. Its objectives include:
· increased direct and indirect ownership of mining entities by qualifying parties as defined in the Mining Charter;
· expansion of opportunities for persons disadvantaged by unfair discrimination under the previous political dispensation;
· expansion of the skills base of such persons, the promotion of employment and advancement of the social and economic
  welfare of mining communities; and
· promotion of beneficiation.
The Mining Charter sets certain goals on equity participation (amount of equity participation and time frames) by
historically disadvantaged South Africans of South African mining assets. It recommends that these are achieved by, among other
methods, disposal of assets by mining companies to historically disadvantaged persons on a willing seller, willing buyer basis at fair
market value. The goals set by the Mining Charter require each mining company to achieve 15 percent ownership by historically
disadvantaged South Africans of its South African mining assets within five years and 26 percent ownership by May 1, 2014. It also
sets out guidelines and goals in respect of employment equity at management level with a view to achieving 40 percent participation
by historically disadvantaged persons in management and ten percent participation by women in the mining industry, each within five
years from May 1, 2004. Compliance with these objectives is measured on the weighted average “scorecard” approach in accordance
with a scorecard which was first published in or around August 2010.
The Mining Charter and the related scorecard are not legally binding and, instead, simply state a public policy. However,
the DMR places significant emphasis on the compliance therewith. The Mining Charter and scorecard, have a decisive effect on
administrative action taken under the MPRD Act.
In recognition of the Mining Charter’s objectives of transforming the mining industry by increasing the number of black
people in the industry to reflect the country’s population demographics, to empower and enable them to meaningfully participate
in and sustain the growth of the economy, thereby advancing equal opportunity and equitable income distribution, we have
achieved our commitment to ownership compliance with the MPRD Act through our existing black economic empowerment
structure with Khumo Gold and the DRDSA Empowerment Trust. Our black economic empowerment partners, Khumo Gold and the
DRDSA Empowerment Trust, hold 20% and 6%, respectively, in our operating subsidiary, EMO. (See Item 4A.: “History and
Development of the Company”).
background image
27
Mine Health and Safety Regulation
The South African Mine Health and Safety Act, 1996 (as amended), or the Mine Health and Safety Act, came into effect in
January 1997. The principal object of the Mine Health and Safety Act is to improve health and safety at South African mines and to
this end, imposes various duties on us at our mines, and grants the authorities broad powers to, among other things, close unsafe
mines and order corrective action relating to health and safety matters. In the event of any future accidents at any of our mines,
regulatory authorities could take steps which could increase our costs and/or reduce our production capacity. The 2009
amendments to the Act dealt with inter alia the stoppage of production and increase punitive measures including increased
financial fines and legal liability of mine management. Some of the more important new provisions in the 2009 amendment bill
are the insertion of a new section 50(7A) that obliges an inspector to impose a prohibition on the further functioning of a site
where a person’s death, serious injury or illness to a person, or a health threatening occurrence has occurred; a new section 86A(1)
creating a new offence for any person who contravenes or fails to comply with the provisions of the Mine Health and Safety Act
thereby causing a person’s death or serious injury or illness to a person. Subsection (3) further provides that (a) the “fact that the
person issued instructions prohibiting the performance or an omission is not in itself sufficient proof that all reasonable steps were
taken to prevent the performance or omission”; and that (b) “the defense of ignorance or mistake by any person accused cannot be
permitted”; or that (c) “the defense that the death of a person, injury, illness or endangerment was caused by the performance or an
omission of any individual within the employ of the employer may not be admitted”; a new section 86A(2) creating an offence of
vicarious liability for the employer where a Chief Executive Officer, manager, agent or employee of the employer committed an
offence and the employer either connived at or permitted the performance or an omission by the Chief Executive Officer,
manager, agent or employee concerned; or did not take all reasonable steps to prevent the performance or an omission. The
maximum fines have also been increased. Any owner convicted in terms of section 86 or 86A may be sentenced to “withdrawal or
suspension of the permit” or to a fine of R3 million or a period of imprisonment not exceeding five years or to both such fine and
imprisonment, while the maximum fine for other offences and for administrative fines have all been increased, with the highest
being R1 million. The President assented to the amendment bill in April 2009. The amendment Act was proclaimed and came into
law in May 2009.
Under the South African Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act, 1993 (as amended), or COID Act,
employers are required to contribute to a fund specifically created for the purpose of compensating employees or their dependants for
disability or death arising in the course of their work. Employees who are incapacitated in the course of their work have no claim for
compensation directly from the employer and must claim compensation from the COID Act fund. Employees are entitled to
compensation without having to prove that the injury or disease was caused by negligence on the part of the employer, although if
negligence is involved, increased compensation may be payable by this fund. The COID Act relieves employers of the prospect of
costly damages, but does not relieve employers from liability for negligent acts caused to third parties outside the scope of
employment. In fiscal 2013, we contributed approximately R2.2 million under the COID Act to a multi-employer industry fund
administered by Rand Mutual Assurance Limited.
Under the Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act, 1973 (as amended), or the Occupational Diseases Act, the multi-
employer fund pays compensation to employees of mines performing “risk work,” usually in circumstances where the employee is
exposed to dust, gases, vapors, chemical substances or other working conditions which are potentially harmful, or if the employee
contracts a “compensatable disease,” which includes pneumoconiosis, tuberculosis, or a permanent obstruction of the airways. No
employee is entitled to benefits under the Occupational Diseases Act for any disease for which compensation has been received or is
still to be received under the COID Act. Currently the Group is compliant with these payment requirements, which are based on a
combination of the employee costs and claims made during the fiscal year.
Uranium and radon are often encountered during the ordinary course of gold mining operations in South Africa, and present
potential risks for radiation exposure of workers at those operations and the public to radiation in the nearby vicinity. We monitor our
uranium and radon emissions and believe that we are currently in compliance with all local laws and regulations pertaining to
uranium and radon management and that we are within the current legislative exposure limits prescribed for workers and the public,
under the Nuclear Energy Act, 1999 (as amended) and Regulations from the National Nuclear Regulator.
Environmental Regulation
Managing the impact of mining on the environment is extensively regulated by statute in South Africa. Recent statutory
enactments set compliance standards both generally, in the case of the National Environmental Management Act, and in respect of
specific areas of environment impact, as in the case of the Air Quality Act 2004, the National Water Act (managing effluent), and the
Nuclear Regulator Act 1999. Liability for environmental damage is also extended beyond the corporate veil to impose personal
liability on managers and directors of mining corporations that are found to have violated applicable laws.
The impact on the environment by mining operations is extensively regulated by the MPRD Act. The MPRD Act has
onerous provisions for personal liability of directors of companies whose mining operations have an unacceptable impact on the
environment.
background image
28
Mining companies are also required to demonstrate both the technical and financial ability to sustain an ongoing
environmental management program, or EMP, and achieve ultimate rehabilitation, the particulars of which are to be incorporated in
an EMP. This program is required to be submitted and approved by the DMR as a prerequisite for the issue of a new order mining
right. Various funding mechanisms are in place, including trust funds, guarantees and concurrent rehabilitation budgets, to fund the
rehabilitation liability.
The MPRD Act imposes specific, ongoing environmental monitoring and financial reporting obligations on the holders of
mining rights.
Our environmental risks have been addressed in EMPs which have been submitted to the DMR for approval. Additionally,
key environmental issues have been prioritized and are being addressed through active management input and support as well as
progress measured in terms of activity schedules and timescales determined for each activity.
Our existing reporting and controls framework is consistent with the additional reporting and assessment requirements of the
MPRD Act.
Financial Provision for Rehabilitation
We are required to make financial provision for the cost of mine closure and post-closure rehabilitation, including
monitoring once the mining operations cease. We have funded these environmental rehabilitation costs by making contributions over
the life of the mine to environmental trust funds established for each operation and funds held in insurance instruments. Funds are
irrevocably contributed to trusts that function under the authority of trustees that have been appointed by, and who owe a statutory
duty of trust, to the Master of the High Court of South Africa. The funds held in these trusts are invested primarily in interest bearing
debt securities. As of June 30, 2013, we held a total of R86.4 million (2012: R106.3 million) in trust, the balance held in each fund
being Rnil (2012: R24.3 million) for Durban Deep, R78.6 million (2012: R59.6 million) for Ergo, R7.7 million (2012: R22.4 million)
for ERPM. Trustee meetings are held as required, and quarterly reports on the financial status of the funds, are submitted to our board
of directors.
The financial provisions for West Wits and Durban Deep have been consolidated into a single rehabilitation trust. The West
Wits financial provision has been derecognized as at June 30, 2011, 2012 and 2013 and the Durban Deep financial provision as at
June 30, 2013, because it will be transferred along with the rehabilitation liability over the West Wits mining rights which have been
disposed of.
We address shortfalls in the funds by accruing trust investment income for the benefit of the funds by replenishing it with
the proceeds from the sale of redundant mining equipment at the end of the life of the mine and gold from mine cleanup. If any of the
operations are prematurely closed, the rehabilitation funds may be insufficient to meet all the rehabilitation obligations of those
operations.
Whereas the old Minerals Act allowed for the establishment of a fully funded rehabilitation fund over the life of mine, the
MPRD Act assumes a fully compliant fund at any given time in the production life of a mine. The DMR appears to have taken a
practical approach in dealing with this change, and has indicated that the traditional ring fencing of funds may, for investment
purposes be relaxed, and that insurance instruments may also be received subject to the DMR’s consent, to make up the shortfall in
available cash funds. The Company has subsequently made use of approved insurance products for a portion of its rehabilitation
liabilities. As of June 30, 2013, we held a total of R90.7 million (2012: R59.3 million) in funds held in insurance instruments.
The aggregate group rehabilitation, reclamation and closure cost provision was R524.3 million at June 30, 2013, compared
to R504.3 million at June 30, 2012. This has been included in the provision for environmental rehabilitation in our financial
statements as at June 30, 2013.
background image
29
4C. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
The following chart shows our principal subsidiaries as of September 30, 2013. All of our subsidiaries are incorporated in
South Africa. We hold the majority of the investments directly or indirectly as indicated below. Refer to Exhibit 8.1 for a list of our
significant subsidiaries. In addition, DRDGOLD holds a 49% joint venture interest in Chizim Gold which is incorporated in
Zimbabwe.
4D. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
DRDGOLD OPERATIONS
SEPTEMBER 30, 2013
background image
30
Description of Significant Subsidiaries, Properties and Mining Operations
Witwatersrand Basin Geology
Ergo, consists of the ErgoGold, Crown and ERPM’s Cason operations, located on surface close to the Witwatersrand Basin.
Crown exploits various surface sources, including sand and slime tailings deposited as part of historical mining operations. ERPM,
halted its underground mining operation in October 2008. Ergo is a surface retreatment operation which is currently processing slime
tailings from the Elsburg tailings facility, which were historically deposited by ERPM’s underground mining operation.
The Witwatersrand Basin comprises a 4 mile (6 kilometers) vertical thickness of sedimentary rocks situated within the
Kaapvaal Craton, extending laterally for approximately 186 miles (299 kilometers) East-Northeast and 62 miles (100 kilometers)
South-Southeast. The sedimentary rocks generally dip at shallow angles towards the center of the basin, though locally this may vary.
The Witwatersrand Basin is Achaean in age and the sedimentary rocks are considered to be approximately 2.7 to 2.8 billion years old.
Gold mineralization in the Witwatersrand Basin occurs within horizons termed reefs. These occur within seven separate
goldfields located along the eastern, northern and western margins of the basin. These goldfields are known as the Evander Goldfield,
the East Rand Goldfield, the West Rand Goldfield, the Far West Rand Goldfield, the Central Rand Goldfield, the Klerksdorp
Goldfield and the Free State Goldfield. As a result of faulting and other primary controls of mineralization, the goldfields are not
continuous and are characterized by the presence or dominance of different reef units. The reefs are generally less than 6 feet (2
meters) thick but, in certain instances, these deposits form stacked clastic wedges which are hundreds of feet thick.
The gold generally occurs in native form within the various reefs, often associated with pyrite and carbon.
Blyvoor, which was sold on June 1, 2012, was predominantly an underground operating mine located within the
Witwatersrand Basin, exploiting gold bearing reefs in addition to certain surface sources.
Ergo
Overview
We own 74% of EMO, which in turn owns 100% of Ergo. Ergo is a surface tailings retreatment operation consisting of
the Ergo Mining, Crown, ERPM’s Cason operation and ErgoGold business units which are collectively referred to as Ergo.
ERPM’s Cason Dump surface tailings retreatment operation is expected to continue to operate until 2014 under the management
of Ergo based on the current rate of retreatment of approximately 186,000 tpm. Ergo undertakes the retreatment of surface sources
deposited as tailing from non-operating mining sites across central and east Johannesburg. In order to improve synergies, effect cost
savings and a simpler group structure, DRDGOLD restructured the group’s surface operations (Crown, ErgoGold and surface assets
of ERPM) into Ergo Mining with effect from July 1, 2012.
At June 30, 2013, Ergo had 2,659 employees, including specialized service providers such as Frase Alexander Tailings.
Properties
Ergo's operations are located approximately 43 miles (70 kilometers) east of the Johannesburg’s central business district in
the province of Gauteng. Access to the Brakpan plant is via the Ergo Road on the N17 Johannesburg-Springs motorway.
Crown is situated on the outskirts of Johannesburg, South Africa and consists of three separate locations. It has mining
rights to 5,787 acres (2,342 hectares) and has the right to occupy 1,490 acres (603 hectares) of freehold property. Crown is in the
process of converting these old order rights to new order rights under the MPRD Act. At Crown, the Lycaste dump prospecting right
and the Top Star dump, City Deep, Crown Mines, Consolidated Main Reef and Knights mining rights have been approved. An
application has been submitted to the DMR for the Crown mining rights to be consolidated.
The Crown Central operation is located on the West Wits line within the Central Goldfield of the Witwatersrand Basin,
approximately 6 miles (10 kilometers) west of the Johannesburg central business district in the province of Gauteng. Access is via
Xavier Road on the M1 Johannesburg-Kimberley-Bloemfontein highway.
The City Deep operation is located on the West Wits line within the Central Goldfields of the Witwatersrand Basin,
approximately 3 miles (5 kilometers) south-east of the Johannesburg central business district in the province of Gauteng. Access is
via the Heidelberg Road on the M2 Johannesburg-Germiston motorway.
The Knights operation is located at Stanley and Knights Road Germiston off the R29 Main Reef Road.
background image
31
History of Ergo
2005
Anglo American Corporation commissioned the Ergo plant in Brakpan in 1977. The operation became part of
AngloGold Ashanti in 1998 and was closed by that company in 2005.
2007
Ergo was founded by EMO (owned by DRDGOLD at the time) and Mintails SA as a joint venture.
On August 6, 2007, the joint venture parties entered into an agreement with AngloGold Ashanti, pursuant to which it
acquired the remaining assets of the Ergo plant for consideration of R42.8 million.
Additional agreements were concluded with AngloGold Ashanti on November 14, 2007 for the acquisition by Ergo of
additional tailings properties and the Withok deposition complex for consideration of R45.0 million.
2008
Ergo Phase 1 was launched comprising the refurbishment and recomissioning of the Ergo plant’s first CIL circuit and
the retreatment of the Elsburg and Benoni tailings complexes.
DRDGOLD acquires Mintails SA’s stake in ErgoGold for R277.0 million.
2009
Ergo Phase 1 commissioning continues; first feeder line to the Ergo Plant from Elsburg tailings complex comes into
operation.
Ergo Phase 2 exploration drilling for gold, uranium and acid completed.
2010
DRDGOLD acquired control of Ergo Mining through the acquisition of Mintails SA’s 50% in Ergo for R82.1 million.
Ergo Phase 1 production ramp-up nears completion with the installation of the second Elsburg tailings complex feeder
line to the Ergo plant. Construction of the Crown/Ergo pipeline commenced.
2011
Construction of the Crown/Ergo pipeline continued and the second CIL circuit of the Ergo plant was refurbished as part
of the Crown/Ergo pipeline project.
2012
The construction of the Crown/Ergo pipeline and second CIL circuit of the Ergo plant was completed.
Construction of the Ergo flotation/fine-grind plant commenced and is expected to be fully commissioned by December
2013.
2013
In order to improve synergies, effect cost savings and a simpler group structure DRDGOLD restructured the group’s
surface operations into Ergo Mining on July 1, 2012, which consisted of Crown, the surface operations of ERPM and
ErgoGold.
History of Crown (consolidated into Ergo on July 1, 2012)
1979
Rand Mines Limited directors approved the formation of the company Rand Mines Milling and Mining Limited (RM3)
to treat the surface gold tailings created from the underground section of the original Crown Mines, which had been in
operation since the start of gold mining on the Witwatersrand in the late 1800's.
1982
First plant commissioned at Crown Mines to process surface material.
1986
Second plant commissioned at City Deep to process surface material.
1997
Randgold Exploration Limited and Continental Goldfields of Australia entered into a joint venture with the intention to
establish a company that would acquire dump retreatment operations on the Witwatersrand. This resulted in the
formation of Crown Consolidated Gold Recoveries Limited, or CCGR, which was incorporated as a public company in
South Africa in May 1997. Crown was a wholly owned subsidiary of CCGR and consists of the surface retreatment
operations of Crown Central, City Deep and Knights.
1998
We purchased 100% of CCGR.
2002
Khumo Bathong Holdings Proprietary Limited (KBH) purchased 60% of Crown. We were appointed as joint manager of
the operation with KBH.
2005
On July 6, 2005 we signed a Memorandum of Understanding with KBH regarding the acquisition by Khumo Gold of a
15% stake in our then South African operations.
On October 27, 2005, our board of directors approved the transaction with Khumo Gold. The new structure resulted in
Khumo Gold acquiring a 15% interest in a newly created vehicle, EMO, which included 100% of ERPM, Crown and
Blyvoor. As a result we owned an 85% interest in EMO.
2006
On December 11, 2006, Khumo Gold, on behalf of itself and an employee trust, exercised the option granted by us
pursuant to the option agreement concluded between us and Khumo Gold in October 2005 to acquire a further 11% in
EMO.
On August 28, 2006, Crown concluded an agreement with AngloGold Ashanti to purchase the Top Star Dump.
2008
The Department of Mineral Resources issued in favour of Crown a mining right for gold recovery over the Top Star
Dump.
2009
The reclamation of the Top Star Dump commenced in December 2008. Crown also commenced with the reduction of
volumes to 400,000 tpm to implement the planned Crown Tailings Deposition Facility closure plan.
2010
The surface circuit of ERPM was incorporated into Crown for reporting purposes.
Board approval was obtained to construct a pipeline to the Ergo tailings deposition site to enable Crown to restore its
deposition capacity to 600,000tpm. Restored deposition capacity provides the operation with the opportunity to bring to
account potential new ore reserves.
2011
Construction of the pipeline to the Ergo tailings deposition site continued and was scheduled for completion in
December 2011.
2012
Construction of the pipeline to the Ergo tailings deposition site was completed.
2013
On July 1, 2012, Crown sold its mining assets, mining and prospecting rights and certain liabilities to Ergo Mining in
exchange for shares in Ergo Mining.
background image
32
Mining and Processing
Ergo undertakes the retreatment of surface sources deposited as tailings from non-operational mining sites from east to
west, just to the south of Johannesburg’s central business district.
Material processed by Ergo is sourced from numerous secondary surface sources namely, sand and slime. The surface
sources have generally undergone a complex depositional history resulting in grade variations associated with improvements in
plant recovery over the period of time the material was deposited. Archive material is a secondary source of gold bearing material.
This material is generally made up of old gold metallurgical plant sites as well as “river bed” material.
Our four metallurgical plants, known as Ergo, Crown Mines, City Deep and Knights, have an installed capacity to treat
approximately 24.0 million tons of material per year. All of the plants have undergone various modifications during recent years
resulting in significant changes to the processing circuits.
In addition to the four metallurgical plants, Ergo’s assets include: access to some 750Mt to 900Mt of tailings deposited
across the western, central and eastern Witwatersrand; the Crown milling and pump station close to the Johannesburg central business
district; a 50km pipeline; and tailings deposition facilities including the significant Brakpan tailings facility.
The feed stock is made up of sand and slime which are reclaimed separately. Sand is reclaimed using mechanical front-
end loaders, re-pulped with water and pumped to the plant. Slime is reclaimed using high pressure water monitoring guns. The re-
pulped slime is pumped to the plant and the reclaimed material is treated using screens, cyclones, ball mills and Carbon-in-Leach,
or CIL, technology to extract the gold.
Set forth below is a description of each of our plants:
Ergo Plant: The expansion of the gold plant by refurbishing the second CIL circuit has increased the capacity to treat an
estimated 21Mt per year. The Ergo flotation/fine-grind plant project, which will be fully commissioned by December 2013,
will assist in liberating the gold particles currently encapsulated in the sulphides. The circuit will enable the Ergo plant to
achieve improved gold recoveries of between 16% and 20%.
City Deep Plant: Commissioned in 1987, this surface/underground plant comprises a circuit including screening, primary,
secondary and tertiary cycloning in closed circuit milling, thickening, oxygen preconditioning, CIL, elution and zinc
precipitation followed by calcining and smelting to doré. Retreatment continued at the City Deep Plant until the plant was
decommissioned in August 2013 to operate as a milling and pump station and is pumping material to the Ergo Plant for
retreatment.
Crown Mines Plant: Commissioned in 1982, this surface/underground plant has already been modified and comprises a
circuit including screening, primary cycloning, open circuit milling, thickening, oxygen preconditioning, CIP and CIL,
elution, zinc precipitation followed by calcining and smelting to doré. In June 2012, the gold extraction portion of the Crown
plant was discontinued and all material is now only screened, milled and thickened. This material is then pumped to the
Ergo plant for the final extraction of gold.
Knights Plant: Commissioned in 1988, this surface/underground plant comprises a circuit including screening, primary
cycloning, milling in closed circuit with hydrocyclones, thickening, oxygen preconditioning, CIL, elution, electro-winning
and smelting to doré. The Knights plant, although historically part of the Crown operation, is located further east and
considerably closer to the Brakpan Tailings Facility. Knights is therefore continuing to treat the nearby Cason dump and due
to its location, is able to access the Brakpan tailings facility to deposit waste.
Electricity to the Ergo plant is supplied from various Eskom supply points for the reclamation units and the tailings
storage facilities. The plant is supplied from the national power grid via a secured source from the Ekurhuleni Council of 11,000
volts. Plant sub stations are stepped down to 6,600 volts before being further reduced to 525 volts for the motor control purposes.
For the Ergo plant the average annual power consumption is about 149 GWHr and the maximum demand is about 32.0MVA.
Electricity is supplied to the Crown Mines and City Deep plants from separate substations referred to as Jupiter and No.
15 Shaft Crown Mines, and for Knights by the Ekhurhuleni Town Council. Electricity is supplied directly from the national power
grid to the substation and town council at 44,000 volts. Substations, located on mine sites, transform the power to 6,600 volts for
direct supply to the plants. The power supply is further reduced to 525 volts for smaller devices and equipment. For Crown Mines
and City Deep, the average annual power consumption is about 54 GWHr and 80GWHr, respectively and the maximum demand
are about 15.0MVA and 13.0MVA, respectively. For Knights the average annual power consumption is about 60 GWHr and the
maximum demand is about 14.2MVA.
As of June 30, 2013, the net book value of Ergo’s mining assets was R1,729.5 million.
During fiscal 2013, capital expenditure was mainly directed towards the Ergo flotation/fine-grind plant project. The Ergo
flotation/fine-grind plant is expected to improve gold recoveries by between 16% and 20%.
background image
33
The following capital expenditure was incurred at Ergo in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011:
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
2011
R’000
R’000
R’000
Crown/Ergo Pipeline Project ................................................................................
-
33,869              119,731
CMR dump ............................................................................................................
-
57                  2,069
Crown 3A2 Slime and steel work upgrade ..............................................................
1,586
                        -
Knights residue pipeline ........................................................................................
13,870
                        -
Knights girth gear and pinion ................................................................................
1,536
                        -
4A11 dump ...........................................................................................................
-
               10,232
Angelo Pan reclamation .......................................................................................
17,636
2,995                         -
Angelo Pan to Rosherville water pipeline .............................................................
12,805
                        -
Vehicles and equipment ........................................................................................
-
112                    489
Tailings management ...........................................................................................
19
14,196               15,567
New water line to Angelo Pan and Rocsherville ...................................................
889
35,068                         -
Crown/City Slurry line upgrade .............................................................................
-
13,916                         -
Benoni Slurry line ................................................................................................
8,370
-                         -
Refurbishment of the Ergo plant and second leach section....................................
-
15,460               29,379
Ergo flotation/fine-grind plant .............................................................................
261,470
38,510                         -
Brakpan tailings facility .......................................................................................
11,702
50,733                27,705
IT Infrastructure .................................................................................................
1,091
-                          -
Tower crane ........................................................................................................
1,910
5,573                          -
Ekurhuleni Business Development Academy (EBDA) training facility .................
                    189
-
Cason high grade plant ........................................................................................
20,459                          -                          -
Other ..................................................................................................................
2,500                  7,194                      161
355,843
217,872               205,333
Exploration and Development
Exploration and development activity at Ergo involves the drilling of existing surface dumps and evaluating the potential
gold bearing surface material owned by third parties that could be processed on a full treatment basis or purchased outright by Ergo.
Exploration drilling has been done to define the uranium potential of the Elsburg complex. Independent competent person reports
on uranium, sulphur and gold for the Elsburg Proven and Probable Ore Reserves have been compiled.
Environmental and Closure Aspects
Ergo operates at sites located in close proximity to significant municipal infrastructure, commercial and residential
development. The major environmental risks are associated with dust from various recovery sites, and effective management of
relocated process material on certain tailings dams. The impact of windblown dust on the surrounding environment and community is
addressed through a scientific monitoring and evaluation process, with active input from Professor H. Annagran from the University
of Johannesburg and appropriate community involvement. Environmental management programs, addressing a wide range of
environmental issues, have been prepared by specialist environmental consultants and applied specifically to each dust sample
recovery monitoring site and integrated into Ergo’s internal environmental assessment process. Although Ergo completed a project
for thickening re-processed tailings, there also remains a risk of localized sloughing which can result in that section of the tailings
dam required to be closed temporarily, with repair work being done to the dam wall. Water pollution is controlled by means of a
comprehensive system of return water dams which allow for used water to be recycled for use in Ergo’s metallurgical plants.
Overflows of return water dams may, depending on their location, pollute surrounding streams and wetlands. Ergo has an ongoing
monitoring program to ensure that its water balances (in its reticulation system, on its tailings and its return water dams) are
maintained at levels that are sensitive to the capacity of return water dams.
Dust pollution is controlled through an active environmental management program for the residue disposal sites and
chemical and organic dust suppression on recovery sites. Short-term dust control is accomplished through ridge ploughing the top
surface of dormant tailings dams. Additionally, environmentally friendly dust suppressants, such as molasses, are applied. Dust fall-
out is also monitored. In the long-term, dust suppression and water pollution is managed through a program of progressive vegetation
of the tailings followed by the application of lime, to reduce the natural acidic conditions, and fertilizer to assist in the growth of
vegetation planted on the tailings dam.
A program of environmental restoration that provides for the rehabilitation of areas affected by mining operations during the
life of the mine is in place. The surface reclamation process at Ergo has several environmental merits as it has removed a potential
pollution source and opens up land for development.
background image
34
While the ultimate amount of rehabilitation costs to be incurred in the future is uncertain, as at June 30, 2013 we estimated
that the total cost for Ergo, is approximately R501.1 million. As at June 30, 2013, a total of R78.6 million has been contributed to the
Crown Rehabilitation Trust Fund, while a total of R44.6 million has been contributed by Ergo to funds held in insurance instruments.
The Crown Rehabilitation Trust Fund is an irrevocable trust, managed by specific responsible people who we nominated and who are
appointed as trustees by the Master of the High Court of South Africa.
Ore Reserves and Life of Mine
As at June 30, 2013, our 74% share of the Proven and Probable Ore Reserves of Ergo was 1.7 million ounces. In fiscal 2012,
our 74% share of Proven and Probable Ore Reserves of Ergo was 1.8 million ounces. A Mineral Resource competent person is
appointed at each operation to review our Ore Reserve calculations for accuracy. For Ergo, Mr. Vivian Labuschagne and Mr. Gary
John Viljoen are the appointed Mineral Resource competent persons. The current life of mine business plan is estimated to be nine
years.
Production
In fiscal 2013, production increased to 146,381 ounces from 135,708 ounces in fiscal 2012 as a result of an 8% increase in
throughput to 23,254,000 tonnes from 21,603 000 tonnes. Grade was slightly up from 0.195g/t to 0.196g/t.
Cash operating costs in fiscal 2013 stayed flat at $1,094 per ounce compared to $1,094 per ounce in fiscal 2012, due mainly
to the higher gold production which off-set above inflation increases in the cost of electricity and labor.
The following table details our attributable share of the production results from Ergo for the past fiscal year:
2013
2012
2011
Production (imperial)
Ore mined ('000 tons) ................................................................................................
25,632
23,811              22,407
Recovered grade (oz/ton) ...........................................................................................
0.006
0.006                0.006
Gold produced (ounces)...............................................................................................
146,381
135,708            144,065
Results of Operations
Revenue (R‘000) ........................................................................................................
2,076,496
1,764,191         1,379,459
Operating costs (R‘000) .............................................................................................
1,397,177
1,141,973            972,479
Cash operating cost (R‘000)
1
....................................................................................
1,414,904
1,151,400            980,746
Cash operating cost per ounce of gold ($)¹ .................................................................
1,094
1,094                   974
All-in sustaining cost per ounce of gold ($)¹ ...............................................................
1,260
1,271                1,078
All-in cost per ounce of gold ($)¹ ...............................................................................
1,497
1,442                1,258
See Item 5A. “Operating Results – Capital expenditure (cash)” for a discussion on capital expenditure.
ERPM
Overview
We own 74% of ERPM, which is consolidated as a subsidiary, through our 74% holding in EMO. ERPM consists of an
underground section and the Cason Dump surface retreatment operation. Underground mining at ERPM was halted in October 2008
and is included in ‘Corporate head-office and all other’ in the financial statements for segmental reporting purposes for all three years
preserved. The Cason Dump surface retreatment operation will continue to operate until June 2014 under the management of Ergo
based on the current rate of production of approximately 186,000tpm and has been included under Ergo in the financial statements for
segmental reporting purposes.
At June 30, 2013, ERPM had 71 employees, including specialized service providers.
1
Cash operating cost, cash operating cost per ounce, all-in sustaining cost per ounce and all-in cost per ounce of gold are financial measures of
performance that we use to determine cash generating capacities of the mines and to monitor performance of our mining operations. For a
reconciliation of operating costs see Item 5A.: “Operating Results.”
background image
35
Property
ERPM is situated on the Central Rand Goldfield located within and near the northern margin of the Witwatersrand Basin
in the town of Boksburg, 20 miles (32 kilometers) east of Johannesburg. Access is via Jet Park Road on the N12 Boksburg-
Benoni highway. Historically underground mining and recovery operations comprised relatively shallow remnant pillar mining in
the central area and conventional longwall mining in the south-eastern area. Surface reclamation operations including the
treatment of sand from the Cason Dump, is conducted through the Knights metallurgical plant, tailings deposition facilities and
associated facilities. Until underground mining was halted in October 2008, the mine exploited the conglomeratic South Reef,
Main Reef Leader and Main Reef in the central area and the Composite Reef in the south-eastern area. ERPM operates under
mining license ML5/1997 in respect of statutory mining and mineral rights.
At June 30, 2013, the net book value of ERPM’s mining assets was Rnil due to the transfer of ERPM’s related surface
mining assets to Ergo as part of the restructuring which took place on July 1, 2012.
History
1895
Formation of East Rand Proprietary Mines Limited.
1991
The FEV shaft was commissioned.
1999
East Rand Proprietary Mines Limited was liquidated in August 1999. The mine was run by a small number of
employees during liquidation. Underground flooding continued during liquidation.
2000
KBH took over control of the mine in January 2000. Operating as Enderbrooke Investments Proprietary Limited, or
Enderbrooke, and employing an outside contractor, the mine re-commenced mining operations in February 2000.
2002
Crown purchased 100% of ERPM, from Enderbrooke.
2003
An underground fire occurred at FEV Shaft, in February 2003. There was also the loss of Hercules Shaft in June 2003
and the loss of a secondary outlet at the FEV shaft in November 2003.
2004
In July 2004 it was determined that the underground section would undergo a controlled closure program ending March
2005. The closure program was prevented by a reduction in costs and improved productivity at the mine.
2005
Central Shaft placed on care and maintenance. On July 6, 2005, we signed a Memorandum of Understanding with KBH
regarding the acquisition by Khumo Gold of a 15% stake in our South African operations. On October 27, 2005, our
board of directors approved the transaction with Khumo Gold. The new structure resulted in Khumo Gold acquiring a
15% interest in a newly created vehicle, EMO, which includes 100% of ERPM, Crown and Blyvoor. We owned an 85%
interest in EMO.
2006
On December 11, 2006, Khumo Gold, on behalf of itself and an employee trust, exercised the option granted by us
pursuant to the option agreement concluded between us and Khumo Gold in October 2005 to acquire a further 11% in
EMO.
A prospecting right covering an area of 1,252 hectares (3,093 acres) of the neighboring Sallies lease area, referred to as
ERPM Extension 1 was granted by the DMR.
2007
A prospecting right, incorporating the southern section of the old Van Dyk mining lease area and a small portion of
Sallies, was granted by the DMR. Known as ERPM Extension 2, the additional area is 5,500ha (13,590 acres).
2008
On April 25, 2008, ERPM gave notice of intention to restructure the work force due to operational requirements and 239
employees were retrenched during June 2008.
On October 23, 2008, ERPM announced the suspension of drilling and blasting operations underground, following the
cessation of pumping of underground water at the South West Vertical shaft on October 6, 2008 for safety reasons
following the deaths of two employees.
On November 19, 2008, we announced our intention to place on care and maintenance the underground operations of
ERPM, and to proceed with a consultation process in terms of Section 189A of the Labor Relations Act to determine the
future of the mine’s 1,700 employees.
2009
In January 2009, consultations in terms of Section 189A of the Labor Relations Act regarding the future of employees
affected by the placing on care and maintenance of the underground operations were concluded and 1,335 employees
were retrenched. In August 2009 the care and maintenance of the underground operations was discontinued.
2010
ERPM’s surface operation, the Cason Dump, was incorporated into Crown for reporting purposes.
2013
On July 1, 2012, ERPM sold all of its surface mining assets (excluding its 50% interest in Ergo) and its 65% interest in
ErgoGold to Ergo Mining in exchange for shares in Ergo Mining.
Mining and Processing
Underground mining operations at ERPM comprised of two vertical shafts known as FEV Shaft and the Central Shaft.
There were also three additional shafts namely the South East Vertical Shaft, or SEV Shaft, used for the transport of employees and
materials and the hoisting of rock, the South West Vertical, or SWV, Shaft and the Hercules Shaft that were used for water pumping
only. The Cason Dump was used for the retreatment of surface material mined from the defunct Cason shaft.
On October 23, 2008, drilling and blasting operations were suspended after the cessation of pumping of underground water
at SWV Shaft on October 6, 2008 for safety reasons following the deaths of two employees at the shaft on September 19, 2008.
background image
36
On November 19, 2008, we announced our intention to place on care and maintenance the underground operations of
ERPM, and to proceed with a consultation process in terms of Section 189A of the Labor Relations Act to determine the future of
the mine’s 1,700 employees. In January 2009, the consultations were concluded and 1,335 employees were retrenched. On August
20, 2009, care and maintenance of the underground operations was stopped.
Electricity to ERPM is provided to the Cason Dump, SEV and FEV Shafts from the Bremmer substation, located in close
proximity to the mine in Boksburg. Transmission is at the rate of 88,000 volts. The Simmer Pan substation, located approximately
10 miles (16 kilometers) away from the mine site in Germiston, supplies the SWV and Hercules Shafts. Transmission is at the rate
of 44,000 volts. The two substations, located on mine site, transform the power to 6,600 volts for direct supply to the shaft winder
and air compressors. The power supply is further reduced to 525 volts for smaller devices and equipment used on the mine. The
average annual power consumption has reduced to about 105 GWHr and the maximum demand to about 24 MW. The on-mine
substations are older in nature and undergo annual infrared testing to identify hot connections which are potential fire hazards and
are subject to regular maintenance which includes the inspection of the settings, blades and changing the transformer oil in the
circuit breakers.
Exploration and Development
ERPM has a prospecting right covering an area of 1,252ha (3,094 acres) of the adjacent Sallies mine, referred to as ERPM
Extension 1. The regional geology of the area indicates that there will be a strike change due to faulting associated with an East-West
trending sinistral tear fault. In order to confirm the anticipated change in the geological structure and hence payshoot orientation, it is
envisaged that prospecting will take place through development situated 50m in the footwall. Owing to high induced stress
experienced at depth, there will be concurrent over-stoping (that is stoping taking place concurrently with development) on the reef
plane for safety reasons. Prior to this prospecting right in respect of ERPM Ext. 1 lapsing, an application for a mining right in respect
of the same prospecting footprint was made in terms of the provisions of the MPRDA. The said mining right was approved and
granted and the registration thereof took place in March 2012. The mining right expires in January 2042.
An additional application to extend ERPM’s existing prospecting right eastwards into the Rooikraal/Withok area,
incorporating the southern section of the old Van Dyk mining lease area and a small portion of Sallies, was granted by the DMR in
fiscal 2007. Known as ERPM Extension 2, the additional area is 5,500ha (13,590 acres). This prospecting right was initially granted
for a period of 4 years and expired in March 2011. An application for renewal thereof was made in terms of the provisions of the
MPRDA. The renewal in respect thereof was granted for a period of 3 years and as such, the prospecting right will now lapse in
March 2014.
Environmental and Closure Aspects
There is a regular ingress of water into the underground workings of ERPM, which was contained by continuous pumping
from the underground section. Studies on the estimates of the probable rate of rise of water have been inconsistent, with certain
theories suggesting that the underground water might reach a natural subterranean equilibrium, whilst other theories maintain that the
water could decant or surface. A program is in place to routinely monitor the rise in water level in the various underground
compartments and there has been a substantial increase in the subsurface water levels.
ERPM’s SWV Shaft was used until October 6, 2008 to manage the rising water level on the Central Witwatersrand Basin.
Some 60 megalitres of water were pumped daily from a depth of approximately 1,000 meters.
On October 6, 2008, pumping of underground water at the South West Vertical Shaft was stopped for safety reasons
following the death of two employees at the shaft on September 19, 2008. Management concluded that the project to upgrade the total
pumping capacity at South West Vertical Shaft with a more efficient system as part of an Eskom-funded demand-side management
project was not economically viable.
While the ultimate amount of rehabilitation costs to be incurred in the future is uncertain, we have estimated that the total
cost for ERPM, in current monetary terms as at June 30, 2013, is R23.2 million. A total of R7.7 million has been contributed to the
ERPM Rehabilitation Trust Fund and R41.8 million in insurance instruments. This is an irrevocable trust, managed by specific
responsible people who we nominated and who are appointed as trustees by the Master of the High Court of South Africa.
Ore Reserves and Life of Mine
Our 74% share of Proven and Probable Ore Reserves of ERPM are included under Ergo. As at June 30, 2013 the total
surface Ore Reserves comprise 0.07 million ounces from the Cason Dump and 1.2 million ounces from the Elsburg and Benoni
tailings complexes, which will be processed over the next one and nine years, respectively. A Mineral Resource competent person is
appointed at each operation to review our Ore Reserve calculations for accuracy. For ERPM, Mr. Vivian Labuschagne is the
appointed Mineral Resource competent person.
background image
37
Current Production
Although ERPM is under care and maintenance, 418 ounces of gold was produced from clean-up activities during fiscal
2013.
Blyvoor (Discontinued operation)
Overview
Until June 1, 2012, when we sold our entire interest and claims against Blyvoor to Business Venture Investment No 1557
Proprietary Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Village, we owned 74% of Blyvoor, which in turn owns 100% of the
Doornfontein Gold Mining Company Limited. The consolidated mining operation, referred to as Blyvoor, consists of the adjacent
mines of Blyvooruitzicht and Doornfontein which are located within the Far West Rand Goldfield on the northwestern edge of the
Witwatersrand Basin. Blyvoor was the first mine in the “West Wits” line. Together, these two operations produced over 38 million
ounces of gold since inception in 1937, of which over 2.4 million ounces were produced while Blyvoor was owned by DRDGOLD.
Property
Blyvoor is located on the West Wits line within the Far West Rand Goldfield on the northwestern rim of the Witwatersrand
Basin, near the town of Carletonville, Gauteng Province, about 50.0 miles (80.5 kilometers) south-west of Johannesburg and is
reached via the R528 road to Carletonville on the N12 Johannesburg-Potchefstroom-Kimberly highway.
The climate of the Highveld area (at an elevation of 5,249 feet (1,600 meters) above mean sea level), where the mine is
situated, is humid continental with warm summers and cold winters. Temperatures range from a minimum of 23 degrees
Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Celsius) in June and July, to a maximum of 93 degrees Fahrenheit (34 degrees Celsius) in December and
January.
The operating facilities are all situated on property belonging to Blyvoor, and include the shaft complexes, administrative
offices for the managerial, administrative, financial and technical disciplines, extensive workshops and consumable stores, the
metallurgical plants, tailings dams and waste rock dumps. Blyvoor also houses the majority of its employees in Blyvoor-owned
houses on the property and in the town of Carletonville. The normal support structures, including training, security, sport and
recreational facilities, schools and churches are situated on the property. Blyvoor has mining title to 16,242 acres (6,573 hectares) and
owns 5,138 acres (2,079 hectares) of freehold property.
Blyvoor consists of one mining license, ML46/99, in respect of statutory mining rights and mineral rights held by Blyvoor.
Blyvoor is in the process of converting these old order mining rights to new order rights under the MPRD Act.
History
1937
Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mining Company Limited was incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa
on June 10, 1937.
1942
Gold production commenced.
1995
Blyvoor acquired the Doornfontein Gold Mining Company Limited in November 1995.
1996
Blyvoor acquired the mineral rights representing the Western Deep Levels tribute area.
1997
We acquired the entire share capital of Blyvoor on September 15, 1997.
2001
Implementation of the Blyvoor expansion project.
2003
Commissioning of No. 4 and 5 Slimes Dam retreatment facility at a cost of R48.0 million.
2004
On June 28, 2004, we entered into a 60-day review period on Blyvoor. The 60-day review was extended to September 13,
2004. By October 5, 2004, 1,619 employees had been retrenched at a cost of approximately R19.0 million.
2005
In August 2005, our Board of Directors approved No. 2 Sub-Shaft Project (now called the WAP Project) and the Slimes
Dam Project to establish mining operations from the No. 2 Shaft and expansion to further improve plant efficiency,
respectively.
On July 6, 2005, we signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Khumo Bathong Holding Proprietary Limited, or
KBH, regarding the acquisition by Khumo Gold SPV Proprietary Limited, or Khumo Gold, of a 15% stake in our then
South African operations.
On October 27, 2005, our Board of Directors approved the transaction with Khumo Gold. The new structure resulted in
Khumo Gold acquiring a 15% interest in a newly created vehicle, EMO, which owns ERPM, Crown and Blyvoor. We
owned an 85% interest in EMO.
2006
On December 11, 2006, Khumo Gold, on behalf of itself and an employee trust, exercised the option granted by us
pursuant to the option agreement concluded between us and Khumo Gold in October 2005 to acquire a further 11% in
EMO.
2007
After completion of a drilling program to define the uranium resource in Blyvoor’s slimes dam material, a 17.5 million
pound uranium and 0.8 million ton sulphur resource was declared in November 2007.
background image
38
2008
In January 2008, electricity supply to the mine was interrupted by the South African electricity company Eskom which is
government owned and production suspended for a week due to safety concerns.
2009
In January 2009, a direct lightning strike to No. 5 shaft Eskom sub-station interrupted production at No. 5 shaft and other
areas drawing power from this supply. Employees underground at the time remained in the underground refuge bays until
hoisted to safety once the shaft feeder power had been restored. No injuries were recorded.
In May and June 2009, three seismic events in excess of 3.5 magnitude took place at No. 5 shaft. As these events affected
the highest grade carbon leader mining area, production from these areas was expected to resume in the third quarter of the
2010 fiscal year and was back in full production since May 2010.
On November 9, 2009, we announced that, in a bid to save our Blyvoor mine from liquidation, we intended applying to the
High Court of South Africa for a provisional judicial management order over the operation. A provisional judicial
management order was granted by the High Court of South Africa on November 10, 2009.
In December 2009, Aurora Empowerment Systems Proprietary Limited proposed a transaction to purchase 60% of
Blyvoor for R295 million.
2010
In April 2010, the High Court of South Africa agreed to lift, with immediate effect, the provisional judicial management
order in place since November 10, 2009. By mutual agreement between DRDGOLD and Aurora, Aurora’s offer to
purchase 60% of Blyvoor was withdrawn.
2011
In June 2011, DRDGOLD's Board of Directors decided to suspend financial assistance to Blyvoor.
The Blyvoor Board of Directors, in response to the DRDGOLD Board’s decision, resolved to begin business rescue
proceedings for Blyvoor in terms of Chapter 6 of the South African Companies Act.
2012
On June 1, 2012, we sold our entire interest and claims against Blyvoor to Business Venture Investment No 1557
Proprietary Limited a wholly owned subsidiary of Village.
Geology and Mineralization
Blyvoor exploits the two gold-bearing pebble horizons in the Central Rand Goldfields, the Carbon Leader, which is one
of the principal ore bodies in the goldfield, and the Middelvlei Reef horizons which occur in discrete channels over parts of the
lease area approximately 246 feet (75 meters) vertically above the Carbon Leader Reef horizon. The Carbon Leader Reef is the
principal economic horizon across the lease area and is a planar single sheet conglomerate. The Carbon Leader Reef typically
comprises basal carbon seam, overlain by a thin, small pebble conglomerate, enriched in carbon in the lower portion. The grade of
the Carbon Leader Reef is higher than the Middelvlei Reef. The Middelvlei Reef consists of a variable number of polymictic
quartz conglomerate bands, inter-bedded with coarse grain quartzite. The grade of the Middelvlei Reef is more erratic, with
distinctive pay shoots forming as southward-orientated linear zones.
Blyvoor was established in 1937 to exploit the rich Carbon Leader Reef but by the late 1980s had reached a position where
continued existence of mining operations was dependent upon the mining of scattered Carbon Leader Reef remnants and limited
sections of the lower grade Middelvlei Reef.
Mining and Processing
Access from the surface to the current underground workings of the mines is through a system of vertical and incline shafts
situated at the Blyvoor and Doornfontein mines. Doornfontein was previously a separate mine adjacent to the Blyvoor mine but has
since been merged to form Blyvoor. The shaft system consists of four vertical shafts from the surface, thirteen sub-incline shafts and
two sub-vertical shafts underground. Of the thirteen sub-incline shafts, only nine are in operation and are used for the conveyance of
personnel, pumping and hoisting of mined ore and waste.
Two levels have been holed between the previous Doornfontein mine and workings within the Blyvoor lease extension
(purchased in 1996 from Western Deep Levels Limited) to allow ore from the bottom of the Blyvoor workings to be trammed across
and hoisted up via the Blyvoor No. 5 Shaft, from where it is trucked to the gold plant. The average mining depth at Blyvoor is 10,541
feet (3,213 meters) and 5,292 feet (1,613 meters) below mean sea level.
Mining of the reef takes place in stope panels. Holes are drilled into the solid rock and are charged with explosives and
blasted. The loosened rock is removed from the stope panels and is conveyed to the shaft, tipped into the ore-pass systems, hoisted to
the surface and transported to the metallurgical plant for gold extraction.
Metallurgical processing facilities at Blyvoor are comprised of a single metallurgical plant. The process route is based on a
conventional flow sheet comprising multi-stage crushing, open circuit primary and closed circuit secondary milling with hydro
cyclones, thickening and cyanide leaching in a Carbon-in-Pulp, or CIP, carousel arrangement. The gold is recovered through electro-
winning followed by smelting to doré. The circuit was recently modified by the closure of the filtration system and the
commissioning of a modern carbon Kemix pumpcell plant. As at June 30, 2011, the overall plant utilization was 90%.
background image
39
Electricity for South Africa is provided by Eskom, which is government owned. Eskom is the largest producer of electricity
in Africa. In South Africa, Eskom operates a national power supply grid consisting of 24 power stations across the country.
Electricity to Blyvoor is provided from the West Wits substation outside Carletonville at 44,000 volts. Further substations, located on
mine site, transform the power to 6,600 volts or 22,000 volts for direct supply to the shaft winder and air compressors. The power
supply is further reduced to 525 volts for smaller devices and equipment used on the mine. The average annual power consumption is
about 432 GWHr and the maximum demand is about 66 MW.
In fiscal 2008, electricity supply to the mine was interrupted by Eskom, as a result of which production suspended for a
week due to safety concerns. The situation did improve during March 2008, the operation was however at the date of sale still on a
six hour standby notice, in the event that power supply becomes unstable in the area. Eskom has requested all of its “Key Customers”
to reduce power consumption by 10%. Blyvoor managed to adhere to this request and continued during fiscal 2010, 2011 and 2012 to
save the maximum amount of energy possible.
In fiscal 2009, seventeen production days were lost because of Section 54 closures imposed by the Department of
Mineral Resources following fatalities suffered after seismic events occurring and a further six production shifts were lost at No. 5
Shaft following a lightning strike at the shaft’s electrical substation. In May and June 2009, three seismic events in excess of 3.5
magnitude took place at No. 5 shaft. As these events affected the highest grade carbon leader mining area, production from these
areas was expected to resume in the third quarter of the 2010 fiscal year and was back to full production since May 2010.
During fiscal 2010, mining ramp-up continued towards the 2,500m
2
per month targeted at the WAP Project, and by fiscal
year-end had reached some 1,750 m
2
per month. On August 26, 2009, DRDGOLD announced that it had advised unions of its
intention to right-size the Blyvoor operation. Blyvoor proceeded with a 60-day facilitated consultation process in terms of Section
189A of the South African Labor Relations Act to determine the future of affected employees. The consultation process was
completed on October 26, 2009 and 330 employees were retrenched. Furthermore, on November 9, 2009, in a bid to save our
Blyvoor mine from liquidation, we applied to the High Court of South Africa for a provisional judicial management order over the
operation. A provisional judicial management order was granted by the High Court of South Africa on November 10, 2009. In April
2010, after Blyvoor had returned to profitability, the High Court of South Africa agreed to lift the provisional judicial
management order in place since November 10, 2009. Refer to Item 4A.: “History and Development of the Company” for a more
detailed discussion.
In fiscal 2011, efforts were directed mainly towards the opening and development of mining areas to ensure more
flexibility. On June 23, 2011, DRDGOLD announced that it had suspended financial assistance to Blyvoor. The decision followed
the promulgation of the new South African Companies Act which requires directors of parent companies to seek the consent of the
parent company’s shareholders and then to consider the effects on the solvency and liquidity of the parent company as conditions
precedent to the provision of financial assistance to subsidiaries. Blyvoor’s production had been trending down in the last quarter
of fiscal 2011 as a result of a drop in grade, attributable to a substitute explosive used for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2011, due to
major overhaul repairs at our regular explosive supplier’s manufacturing plant, public holiday interruptions and seismicity-related
work stoppages, while costs had increased due mainly to higher electricity charges, and particularly power utility Eskom’s winter
tariff, which added R11 million a month to overhead costs. The Board of Directors of Blyvoor had, in response to DRDGOLD’s
decision, resolved to begin business rescue proceedings for Blyvoor in terms of Chapter 6 of the Companies Act. The business
rescue process provided for in Chapter 6 replaces the judicial management process in the previous Act. Refer to Item 4A.: “History
and Development of the Company” for a more detailed discussion.
In fiscal 2012, the Business Rescue Practitioner terminated the business rescue proceedings with effect from
November 10, 2011, following his conclusion that there were no longer grounds to believe that Blyvoor was financially distressed.
At the beginning of February 2012, Blyvoor suspended mining from its Number 4 and 6 shafts as part of a process to reduce costs.
On June 1, 2012, we sold our entire interest and claims against Blyvoor to a wholly owned subsidiary of Village. Refer to Item 4A.:
“History and Development of the Company” for a more detailed discussion.
The following capital expenditure was incurred at Blyvoor in fiscal 2012 and 2011:
Year ended June 30,
2012
2011
R’000
R’000
Slimes pump stations and residue deposition ..............................................................
381
3,080
15/29 incline shaft equipping ....................................................................................
-
119
Ice plant retrofit and upgrade ...................................................................................
8
1,649
Safety related equipment and expansion of seismic monitoring network....................
                    28
Opening up and development ...................................................................................
50,315
57,248
Mining and engineering equipment ............................................................................
23,326
25,277
Other ........................................................................................................................
8,909                 8,282
82,939               95,683
background image
40
Environmental and Closure Aspects
The predominantly dolomitic geology of the area in and around Blyvoor, and the resultant occasional occurrence of
sinkholes and subsidences, exposes Blyvoor to relatively unique environmental risks and costs associated with the remediation and
filling of these sinkholes.
Blyvoor has to maintain a rate of pumping of fissure water sufficient to keep the rate of rise of underground water below the
level of underground workings. The required rate is in the order of 2 million gallons (8 million liters) per day. Water not used in the
operations is discharged into the Wonderfontein Spruit (a stream adjacent to the Blyvoor mine). In order to address the risk of
contamination of ground water, streams and wetlands, water is sampled and the level of contaminants monitored in accordance with
Blyvoor’s water management plan. Fissure water at Blyvoor is generally of a good quality, therefore we believe that the contribution
of this water to pollution of water in the area is minimal.
Blyvoor is a member of the Mining Interest Group consisting of all mines operating in the Wonderfontein Spruit
catchment area. This group was formed to coordinate efforts and studies in the Wonderfontein Spruit and to liaise with
government departments to determine what action if any is required in cleaning the stream. The government has also established a
specialist task team to determine what needs to be done. At this stage there is no clear solution. The Mining Interest Group is also
represented on the various catchment forums where Non-Governmental Organizations, or NGO’s and other interested and affected
parties are present. Blyvoor continues to meet with the Potchefstroom municipality on a monthly basis where the quality of
Blyvoor’s discharge water is assessed. Blyvoor remains in compliance with the Potchefstroom agreement.
Sinkholes are caused by ground water seeping into the underground dolomitic structures, which dissolve and weaken
causing a collapse in the rock structure. Dolomitic rock could be dissolved, resulting in an increased risk of sinkholes and possible
pollution of fresh water resources stored in the dolomitic formations. The occurrence of sinkholes is limited to a particular area of
Blyvoor, which requires an active program in water management and control. Water from leaking pipes is reported to a monitoring
committee and the necessary repairs are undertaken promptly. Ground subsidence surveys are undertaken to timely identify any
possible sinkholes. Sinkholes that do occur are filled to prevent further inflow of surface water and potential enlargement of the hole.
Sinkholes which form outside of our property are repaired by the Far West Rand Dolomitic Water Association.
Pollution from slime dams is controlled by dust suppression and water management programs. Short-term dust control is
accomplished through ridge ploughing the top surface of dormant tailings dams. Environmentally friendly dust suppressants, such as
molasses, are also applied when deemed necessary. In the long-term, dust suppression and water pollution is managed through a
program of progressive vegetation of the tailings complexes followed by the application of lime, to neutralize the natural acidic
conditions, and fertilizer as the organic growth medium.
Blyvoor has updated its EMP to meet the new requirements of the MPRD Act. The EMP was submitted to the DMR for
approval. Blyvoor is currently demolishing and rehabilitating redundant surface infrastructures. Blyvoor completed the demolishing
of its uranium plant in fiscal 2011.
background image
41
Production in fiscal 2012 and 2011
Blyvoor produced a total of 96,645 ounces of gold for the period July 1, 2011 to May 31, 2012 of fiscal 2012, with
73,048 ounces from underground areas and 23,597 ounces from surface areas. This represented 42% of our total production from
operations for fiscal 2012 of 232,353 ounces.
Cash operating costs of $1,404 per ounce in fiscal 2012 increased from $1,290 per ounce in fiscal 2011.
The following table details the operating and production results from Blyvoor for fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011.
Year ended June 30,
2012
2011
Production (imperial)
Surface Operations
Ore mined ('000 tons) ..................................................................................
3,004
3,448
Recovered grade (oz/ton)
..........................................................................
0.008
0.009
Gold produced (ounces) ................................................................................
23,597
29,645
Underground Operations
Ore mined ('000 tons) ...................................................................................
627
807
Recovered grade (oz/ton)
...........................................................................
0.117
0.113
Gold produced (ounces)
.............................................................................
73,048
91,469
Total ounces produced ...................................................................................
96,645
121,114
Results of Operations
Revenue (R'000) ............................................................................................
1,240,073
1,185,860
Operating costs (R'000) .................................................................................
1,046,914
1,115,820
Cash operating cost (R'000)
1
........................................................................
1,052,197
1,091,941
Cash operating cost per ounce of gold ($)
¹
....................................................
1,404                     1,290
All-in sustaining cost per ounce of gold ($)¹ ...................................................
1,543
1,470
All-in cost per ounce of gold ($)¹ ...................................................................
1,603
1,471
Durban Deep
Overview
The Durban Deep mine was the original gold mine of the Group. Durban Deep is situated on the northern edge of the
Witwatersrand Basin immediately to the west of Johannesburg. Mining took place within the lease area since the discovery of the
Witwatersrand Goldfield in 1886 at nearby Langlaagte.
As of August 2000, we ceased all underground and open pit mining operations at Durban Deep. Following the withdrawal
of our underground pumping subsidy, the deeper sections of the mine were flooded. On a combined basis, Durban Deep produced
more than 37 million ounces of gold prior to the cessation of operations.
We concluded an agreement with M5 on July 21, 2005, in terms of which M5, against payment of a non-refundable fee of
R1.5 million, was granted an option to acquire Durban Deep’s mine village for R15.0 million. The option lapsed on November 19,
2005. On the exercising of the option the option fee would be deemed part payment of the purchase consideration. If not, the option
fee would be forfeited to us.
On November 18, 2005, M5 exercised the option and provided a guarantee for payment. Prior to the registration of the
transfer occurring, we were notified by Rand Leases Properties Limited (formerly JCI Properties Limited) of an alleged pre-emptive
right in respect of the property in terms of an agreement dated December 1996, pursuant to which the property should be sold to them
on similar terms. We subsequently repudiated our agreement with M5 and notified Rand Leases Properties Limited that we did not
intend offering the property to them. Both parties indicated to us their intentions to institute legal proceedings for the sale and transfer
of the property. On December 12, 2006, Rand Leases Properties Limited issued a summons against us and we filed an Appearance to
Defend. A trial date was allocated by the High Court of South Africa for April 25, 2008, but the case was postponed. Dino Properties
Proprietary Limited (previously called M5) instituted action against the Company seeking to enforce an agreement of sale of the
DRD Village entered into on July 21, 2005, or alternatively payment of R195 million which was alleged to represent the market value
of the property. DRDGOLD entered into an agreement with Rand Leases Properties and purchased the pre-emptive right for an
amount of R21.8 million. The sale agreement with Dino Properties was executed and the transfer of the property into the name of
Dino Properties effected October 18, 2012. Both cases were withdrawn by Dino Properties and Rand Leases Properties. Refer to
“Legal Proceedings- Legal proceedings relating to an agreement to sell Durban Deep’s mine village” below for more details.
1
Cash operating costs, cash operating cost per ounce, all-in sustaining costs per ounce and all-in cost per ounce of gold are financial measures of
performance that we use to determine cash generating capacities of the mines and to monitor performance of our mining operations.
background image
42
Property
Durban Deep is located within the Central Witwatersrand Basin which stretches from Durban Deep in the west to ERPM in
the east. Durban Deep is situated 9.3 miles (15 kilometers) west of Johannesburg and contains mining title to 14,262 acres (5,772
hectares) and owns 3,667 acres (1,484 hectares) of freehold property. These include administrative buildings, hospital, recreation
complexes, housing in both hostel and free-standing houses and a security complex. We have title to substantial land tracts on the
outskirts of the City of Roodepoort, which is located in this section. We do not intend to convert our rights under the MPRD Act.
Mining and Processing
Five different ore bodies have been mined at Durban Deep. Ore was mined from outcrops at the surface down to a
maximum depth of 9,200 feet (2,804 meters) and the reefs are known to persist to 13,000 feet (3,962.4 meters) below the surface
within the lease area.
Environmental and Closure Aspects
Rehabilitation and other responsibilities like the National Nuclear Regulator Certificate of Registration requirements
have been taken over by DRD Proprietary Limited, which is owned by Mintails. The official liability transfer in terms of section
58 of the MRPD Act has been granted by the DMR.
In fiscal 2013, the Company transferred the environmental rehabilitation liabilities in respect of mining rights over the
Durban Deep mining license area which was disposed of. A total of R25.6 million previously contributed to the Environmental Trust
Fund has been relinquished to DRD Proprietary Limited as a result of the transfer of the liability.
West Wits
We own 100% of West Witwatersrand Gold Holdings Limited, or WWGH, which holds West Witwatersrand Gold
Mines Limited, or West Wits. We acquired the entire share capital of WWGH, as well as Consolidated Mining Corporation Limited's
loan to WWGH, on April 1, 1996. We also acquired the entire issued share capital and the shareholders' claim and loan account of
East Champ d'Or Gold Mine Limited, a gold mining company with mining title in the West Rand. The mining assets were sold to
Bophelo Trading Proprietary Limited, subsequently renamed, Mogale Gold Proprietary Limited, or Mogale, during fiscal 2004,
effectively leading to the closure of the mining operation.
Environmental and Closure Aspects
Responsibility for the mine, including the environmental rehabilitation liability, has been taken over contractually by
Mintails although the legal transfer thereof would be dependent on the DMR's assessment of Mintails' financial capability.
DRDGOLD therefore still has a contingent liability until such legal transfer is affected. Management of the West Rand Consolidated
Mines' tailings dams have been taken over by Mintails which plans to reprocess them. An EMP for the balance of the area has been
submitted to the DMR as part of the conversion process of ML9/2000. The execution of the conversion is imminent.
The DMR and affected mining companies are involved in the development of a ‘Regional Mine Closure Strategy’ in the
gold fields’ area. The government has appointed Trans-Caledon Tunnel Authority to propose solutions for the various basins. They
have also provided funding for the interim solution in the Western and Central Basins.
In fiscal 2010, the Company transferred the environmental rehabilitation liabilities in respect of mining rights over the West
Wits mining license area which was disposed of. A total of R19.9 million previously contributed to the Environmental Trust Fund has
been relinquished to Mintails as a result of the transfer of the liability.
background image
43
Legal Proceedings
Litigation regarding environmental issues
On August 2, 2006 and September 4, 2006, two applications were brought against DRDGOLD and its directors for relief
under the MPRD Act by the Legal Resources Centre on behalf of the residents of two communities, Davidsonville and Kagiso, who
reside adjacent to tailings deposition sites of the now dormant Durban Roodepoort Deep mine and the West Witwatersrand mine,
respectively. While no financial compensation is sought, the communities are seeking orders for the revision of the environmental
management programs of both sites, and for the sites to be rehabilitated and closed in accordance with the standards of the MPRD
Act. DRDGOLD has filed its Appearance to Defend and Answering Affidavits in respect of both matters in the High Court of South
Africa. The responsibility rests with the respondent's attorneys to either apply to the High Court for a date of hearing or file replying
affidavits.
Lawsuit by French shareholders
In August 2008, the Company received by post a summons issued in the Tribunal De Grande Instance District Court of Paris
by the Association for the Defense of the Shareholders of East Rand (the association) against EMO.
  The claim was based on the following allegations:
· that the members of the association were shareholders of ERPM;
· that the non-audited ERPM results of the six-month period from July to December 1998 were misleading regarding the
  'healthiness' of ERPM prior to its winding up in 1999;
· that the 1999 liquidation of ERPM was fraudulently approved by 15% of shareholders who were representatives of the
  South African state against the interests of French shareholders; and
· that the subsequent scheme of arrangement to remove ERPM from liquidation in 1999 was approved by 15% of
  shareholders without consultation with French shareholders.
On the basis of these allegations, the association was claiming a payment of 5 million euros in damages, 10,000 euros for
costs and costs of suit. EMO raised the point that the French Courts lack jurisdiction to hear the matter and also filed its defenses on
the merits of the case. On May 24, 2011 the Court refused the association’s application for postponement and the case was struck off
the roll. In view of the fact that a period of more than two years has passed since the case was struck off the roll, the proceedings have
lapsed.
Legal proceedings relating to an agreement to sell Durban Deep’s mine village
We concluded an agreement with M5 on July 21, 2005, pursuant to which M5, against payment of a non-refundable fee of
R1.5 million, was granted an option to acquire Durban Deep’s mine village for R15.0 million. On November 18, 2005, M5 exercised
the option and provided a guarantee for payment. Prior to the registration of the transfer occurring, we were notified by Rand Leases
Properties Limited (formerly JCI Properties Limited) of an alleged pre-emptive right in respect of the property in terms of an
agreement dated December 1996, pursuant to which the property should be sold to them on similar terms. We subsequently
repudiated our agreement with M5 and notified Rand Leases Properties Limited that we did not intend offering the property to them.
Both parties indicated to us their intentions to institute legal proceedings for the sale and transfer of the property. On
December 12, 2006, Rand Leases Properties Limited issued a summons against us and we filed an Appearance to Defend and were
issued an interdict by the High Court prohibiting us to sell the property in fiscal 2008. The Company bought back the pre-emptive
right in June 2012 and Rand Leases Properties withdrawn the interdict against us to sell the property.
Dino Properties Proprietary Limited (previously M5) (“Dino Properties”) instituted action against us seeking to enforce an
agreement of sale of Durban Deep’s mine Village entered into on July 21, 2005, or alternatively payment of R195 million which was
alleged to represent the market value of the property. On October 18, 2012 Dino Properties withdrew their action on the basis that
each party pays its own costs.
Claim for alleged damages at Blyvoor
Duffuel Proprietary Limited and Paul Frederick Potgieter are suing DRDGOLD, EMO, Blyvoor and the latter's directors for
alleged pollution of peat reserves which they claim to sell to the mushroom industry. The amounts claimed against DRDGOLD,
EMO, Blyvoor and the latter's directors are as follows:
· R41,051,000 for loss of peat reserves;
· R23,657,910 for removal and transportation of the polluted peat;
· R2,025,000 for required permits and authorizations;
· R1,650,000 for installation of pipelines; and
· R192,000 for importation of clean water for domestic use.
background image
44
The defendants are defending this action and a plea setting out the basis of our defense has been filed at Court. The trial date
allocated by the Court was October 9, 2013. However, on November 27, 2012, the Parties settled the matter and the Plaintiff
withdrew their claims on the basis that each party bears its own costs on December 10, 2012.
Dispute with the Ekurhuleni Municipality
The Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality issued summons in October 2010 against ERPM claiming an amount of R42
million. As at June 30, 2013 the difference between the invoiced amount and ERPM’s calculations amounted to R53 million in
respect of outstanding rates and taxes. The alleged outstanding amount is in respect of the valuation of surface right permits of which
ERPM is the registered holder. ERPM has entered an appearance to defend this action.
Appeal hearing against valuation of properties by the Ekurhuleni Municipality
ERPM is involved in a further dispute with the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality in respect of the valuation of various
freehold properties of which ERPM is the registered owner. The aggregate valuation of these properties is approximately R400
million. ERPM has appealed against these valuations in terms of the provisions of the Local Government: Municipal Property Rates
Act, 6 of 2004 on the basis of inter alia the calculation methodology employed by the Municipal Valuer on behalf of the
Municipality. The hearings in respect of the appeal were heard in June 2013 and ERPM still awaits a final outcome from the
Valuation Appeal Board.
Silicosis Litigation
As a result of the South African Constitutional Court decision permitting individuals employed as miners with occupational
lung diseases to sue their current or former employers for damages outside the statutory compensation scheme, we could be subject to
claims against us from previous or current employees, including a potential class action or similar group claim. In January 2013,
DRDGOLD, ERPM and 23 other mining companies were served with a court application for a class action issued in the South
Gauteng High Court by alleged former mineworkers and dependents of deceased mineworkers. In the pending application, the
applicants allege that DRDGOLD, ERPM and other mining companies conducted underground mining operations in such a negligent
manner that resulted in the former mineworkers contracting silicosis and other related diseases. We will assess all such claims, if and
when filed, on their merits. Liability associated with such claims and expenses of dealing with them could have a material adverse
effect on our business, operating results and financial condition. DRDGOLD and ERPM have instructed Malan Scholes Attorneys to
defend the case.
ITEM 4A. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
None.
background image
45
ITEM 5. OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS
The following Operating and Financial Review and Prospects section is intended to help the reader understand the factors
that have affected the Company's financial condition and results of operations for the historical period covered by the financial
statements and management's assessment of factors and trends which are anticipated to have a material effect on the Company's
financial condition and results in future periods. This section is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction
with, our audited financial statements and the other financial information contained elsewhere in this Annual Report. Our financial
statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by the
International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). Our discussion contains forward looking information based on current
expectations that involve risks and uncertainties, such as our plans, objectives and intentions. Our actual results may differ from
those indicated in such forward looking statements.
The Operating and Financial Review and Prospects include the following sections:
· Operating results:
-
Business overview, a general description of our business.
-
Key drivers of our operating results and principal factors affecting our operating results, a general description of the
principal uncertainties and variables facing our business and the primary factors that have a significant impact on our
operating performance.
-
Recent developments, a description of the recent acquisitions, disposals and other transactions that have impacted, or
will impact, our performance.
-
Key financial and operating indicators, a presentation of the key financial measures we use to track our operating
performance.
-
Application of critical accounting policies, a discussion of accounting policies that require critical judgments and
estimates.
-
Operating results, an analysis of our consolidated results of operations during the three fiscal years presented in our
financial statements. The analysis is presented both on a consolidated basis, and by operating segment.
· Liquidity and capital resources, an analysis of our cash flows, borrowings and our anticipated funding requirements and
  sources.
· Research and development, patents and licenses, etc.
· Trend information, a review of the outlook for, and trends affecting our business.
· Off-balance sheet arrangements.
· Tabular disclosure of contractual obligations, being the numerical review of our contractual future cash obligations.
· Safe harbor.
background image
46
5A. OPERATING RESULTS
Business overview
We are a South African gold mining company engaged in surface gold tailings retreatment, including exploration,
extraction, processing and smelting. Our surface tailings retreatment operations, including the requisite infrastructure and
metallurgical processing plants, are located in South Africa. On June 1, 2012, we disposed of our last operating underground
operation, Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mining Company Limited, or Blyvoor. Blyvoor has therefore been classified as a discontinued
operation in fiscal 2012 in the comparative periods in this Annual Report. In fiscal 2010, the Group broadened its activities to
include initial exploration activities on a small scale in Zimbabwe through a joint venture in which we currently own 49%. The
initial feasibility studies in Zimbabwe indicate potential underground mining assets, which does not fit with our current strategy of
surface gold mining. We have therefore decided not to continue with our Zimbabwe exploration activities.
Our strategy is to enhance shareholder value in the short and medium term by continuing to produce gold from our
surface resources while simultaneously:
· reducing risk and creating opportunities;
· controlling costs;
· maximizing margins; and
· assuming our social and environmental responsibilities.
This strategy involves using our various capitals – human, financial, intellectual and manufactured – to extract gold from
extensive surface resources in the safest and most efficient manner, thus ensuring the sustainability of our social and
environmental capital.
It also involves realizing the value of the underground gold associated with ERPM Extensions 1 and 2, an asset that no
longer fits our strategy and is for sale.
DRDGOLD’s long-term strategy is to improve gold recovery so that, in future, zero gold is returned to tailings deposition
facilities along with the waste material and to growing our reclamation business by:
· the use of technology and continuing research and development to improve reclamation efficiency and effectiveness;
· acquiring additional surface resources on the Witwatersrand and, possibly, other areas;
· using existing expertise and skills to expand into the reclamation of other minerals from waste material.
During the fiscal years presented in this Annual Report, all of our operations took place in one geographic region, namely
South Africa.
Ergo (Continuing operation):
· Ergo Mining Proprietary Limited (the entity is referred to as Ergo Mining, however the operating segment is called Ergo)
  – surface tailings retreatment; and
· East Rand Proprietary Mines Limited (ERPM) – ERPM Extension 1 and 2 exploration tenements. ERPM’s underground
  mining operation has been discontinued and is included under ‘Corporate head-office and all other’ in our financial
  statements’ operating segments.
Blyvoor (discontinued operation):
· Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mining Company Limited (Blyvoor) – underground mining and surface tailings retreatment
  disposed on June 1, 2012.
In fiscal 2013, the profit from continuing operations was R100.1 million (fiscal 2012: R253.0 million and fiscal 2011:
R83.5 million) and profit from discontinued operations was Rnil (fiscal 2012: R124.0 million profit and fiscal 2011: R498.9
million loss).
As at June 30, 2013, we had attributable Ore Reserves of approximately 1.7 million ounces, compared to 1.8 million
ounces as at June 30, 2012 and 6.3 million ounces as at June 30, 2011. The decrease in fiscal 2012 was attributable to the disposal
of Blyvoor which represented 4.3 million ounces of the 6.3 million ounces of our reserves as at June 30, 2011.
background image
47
Key drivers of our operating results and principal factors affecting our operating results
The principal uncertainties and variables facing our business and, therefore, the key drivers of our operating results are:
· The price of gold, which fluctuates widely both in terms of dollars and rands;
· The production tonnages and gold content thereof, impacting on the amount of gold we produce at our operations;
· The cost of producing gold, including the effects of mining efficiencies; and
· General economic factors, such as exchange rate fluctuations and inflation, and factors affecting mining operations in
  South Africa.
Gold price
Our revenues are derived primarily from the sale of gold produced at our surface tailings retreatment operations. As a
result, our operating results are directly related to the price of gold, which can fluctuate widely and is affected by numerous
factors beyond our control, including industrial and jewelry demand, expectations with respect to the rate of inflation, the strength
of the U.S. dollar (the currency in which the price of gold is generally quoted) and of other currencies, interest rates, actual or
expected gold sales by central banks, forward sales by producers, global or regional political or economic events, and production
and cost levels in major gold-producing regions such as South Africa. In addition, the price of gold is often subject to rapid short-
term changes because of speculative activities. The demand for and supply of gold may affect gold prices, but not necessarily in
the same manner that supply and demand affect the prices of other commodities. The supply of gold consists of a combination of
new production from mining and existing stocks of bullion and fabricated gold held by governments, public and private financial
institutions, industrial organizations and private individuals. As a general rule we sell the gold produced at market prices to obtain
the maximum benefit from prevailing gold prices and we don't hedge against changes in gold prices.
The following table indicates data relating to the dollar gold spot price for the 2013, 2012 and 2011 fiscal years:
2013 fiscal year
2012 fiscal year
% change
Opening gold spot price on July 1, ...................................
$1,599 per ounce
$1,506 per ounce
6%
Closing gold spot price on June 30, ..................................
$1,192 per ounce
$1,599 per ounce
(25%)
Lowest gold spot price during the fiscal year ...................
$1,192 per ounce
$1,483 per ounce
(20%)
Highest gold spot price during the fiscal year ...................
$1,792 per ounce
$1,895 per ounce
(5%)
Average gold spot price for the fiscal year .......................
$1,606 per ounce
$1,673 per ounce
(4%)
2012 fiscal year
2011 fiscal year
% change
Opening gold spot price on July 1, ...................................
$1,506 per ounce
$1,244 per ounce
21%
Closing gold spot price on June 30, ..................................
$1,599 per ounce
$1,506 per ounce
6%
Lowest gold spot price during the fiscal year ...................
$1,483 per ounce
$1,157 per ounce
28%
Highest gold spot price during the fiscal year ...................
$1,895 per ounce
$1,553 per ounce
22%
Average gold spot price for the fiscal year .......................
$1,673 per ounce
$1,369 per ounce
22%
2011 fiscal year
2010 fiscal year
% change
Opening gold spot price on July 1, ...................................
$1,244 per ounce
$935 per ounce
33%
Closing gold spot price on June 30, ..................................
$1,506 per ounce
$1,244 per ounce
21%
Lowest gold spot price during the fiscal year ...................
$1,157 per ounce
$909 per ounce
27%
Highest gold spot price during the fiscal year ...................
$1,553 per ounce
$1,261 per ounce
23%
Average gold spot price for the fiscal year .......................
$1,369 per ounce
$1,089 per ounce
26%
Our production has been sourced from South Africa, and as a result, the impact of movements in relevant exchange rates
is significant to our operating results. The average gold price in rand (based on average spot prices for the year) increased from
R9,565 per ounce in fiscal 2011 (a 15% increase from fiscal 2010), to R12,970 per ounce in 2012 (a 36% increase from fiscal
2011) and R14,185 per ounce in 2013 (a 9% increase from fiscal 2012).
Based on our forecast gold price of R410,473 per kilogram for fiscal 2014, a 10% increase in the rand gold price received
will increase our forecast profit for the year by R177.1 million and a 10% decrease in the rand gold price received will decrease
our profit for the year by R177.6 million.
background image
48
Gold production and operating costs
Gold production from our continuing and discontinued operations totaled 146,381 ounces during fiscal 2013, compared
to 232,353 ounces during fiscal 2012, and 265,179 ounces in fiscal 2011. Gold production from continuing operations totaled
146,381 ounces during fiscal 2013, compared to 135,708 ounces during fiscal 2012, and 144,065 ounces in fiscal 2011. The 9%
increase (fiscal 2012: 36% increase) in the average rand gold price received in fiscal 2013 was partially offset by an increase in
average cash operating costs per kilogram of 2% for continuing and discontinued operations (fiscal 2012: 21%). Average
operating costs were higher due to high average price increases in operating costs components.
In fiscal 2013, production decreased to 146,381 ounces (produced from 23.3 million tonnes milled at an average yield of
0.20g/t) from 232,353 ounces in fiscal 2012 (produced from 24.9 million tonnes milled at an average yield of 0.29g/t). Production
decreased to 232,353 ounces in fiscal 2012 from 265,179 ounces in fiscal 2011 (produced from 24.2 million tonnes milled at an
average yield of 0.34g/t). The reasons for the movements in production are explained below.
Our continuing operation, Ergo, produced 146,381 ounces (from 23.3 million tonnes milled at an average yield of
0.20g/t) in fiscal 2013, in comparison with 135,708 ounces (from 21.6 million tonnes milled at an average yield of 0.20g/t) in
fiscal 2012 and 144,065 ounces (from 20.3 million tonnes milled at an average yield of 0.22g/t) in fiscal 2011. The increase in
production was due to a rise in throughput, resulting from the Crown/Ergo pipeline being fully operational during fiscal 2013. The
decrease in production in fiscal 2012 was due to a decrease in average grade, resulting from the depletion of previous higher grade
surface material being processed from the Top Star and Mennells dumps.
Our discontinued operation, Blyvoor, produced 96,645 ounces (from 3.3 million tonnes milled at an average yield of
0.91g/t) in fiscal 2012, in comparison with 121,114 ounces (from 3.9 million tonnes milled at an average yield of 0.98g/t) in fiscal
2011. The decrease in production in fiscal 2012 compared to fiscal 2011, was mainly due to the suspension of Blyvoor’s Number
4 and 6 shafts on February 6, 2012 and due to only eleven months of production being included in fiscal 2012 as a result of the
disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012.
Our costs and expenses consist primarily of operating costs and depreciation. Operating costs include labor, specialized
service providers, stores, electricity and other related costs, incurred in the production of gold. ‘Consumables and other’ and
'specialized services' are the largest components of operating costs, constituting respectively, 46% and 19% of operating costs for
fiscal 2013. “Consumables and other’ and 'labor' constituted 48% and 18%, respectively, of our operating costs from continuing
operations for fiscal 2012. For fiscal 2013, none, fiscal 2012, 31% and fiscal 2011 35% of our mining operations, based on
kilograms of gold produced, involved deep level underground mining from our discontinued operation, Blyvoor, which is more
labor intensive.
General economic factors
All our operations are located in South Africa. We are exposed to a number of factors, which could affect our
profitability, such as exchange rate fluctuations, inflation and other risks relating to South Africa. In conducting mining
operations, we recognize the inherent risks and uncertainties of the industry, and the wasting nature of the assets.
Effect of exchange rate fluctuations
For the year ended June 30, 2013, all of our revenues were generated from South Africa, all of our operating costs were
denominated in rand and we derived all of our revenues in dollars. As the price of gold is denominated in dollars and we realize
our revenues in dollars, the appreciation of the dollar against the rand increases our profitability, whereas the depreciation of the
dollar against the rand reduces our profitability. Based upon average exchange rates during the respective years, the rand
weakened by 14% against the dollar in fiscal 2013, compared to a weakening of 11% against the dollar in fiscal 2012 and a
strengthening by 8% against the dollar in fiscal 2011. The weakening of the rand against the dollar in fiscal 2013 and 2012
contributed to the increase in the average rand gold price received of 9% and 36%, respectively. The strengthening of the rand
against the dollar in fiscal 2011 limited the increase in the average rand gold price received to only 17%.
As an unhedged gold producer, we do not enter into forward gold sales contracts to reduce our exposure to market
fluctuations in the dollar gold price or the exchange rate movements. If revenue from gold sales falls for a substantial period
below our cost of production at our operations, we could determine that it is not economically feasible to continue commercial
production at any or all of our plants or to continue the development of some or all of our projects.
background image
49
Our weighted average cash operating costs per kilogram for our operations was R310,763 per kilogram of gold produced
in fiscal 2013, R304,912 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2012 and R251,296 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2011.
Our weighted average cash operating costs per kilogram for our continuing operation was R310,763 per kilogram of gold
produced in fiscal 2013, R272,778 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2012 and R218,868 per kilogram of gold produced in
fiscal 2011. For fiscal 2012, our weighted average cash operating costs per kilogram for our discontinued operation was R350,032
per kilogram of gold produced and R289,870 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2011. The average gold price received from
operations was R458,084 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2013, R418,538 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2012
and R308,220 per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2011.
Effect of inflation
In the past, our operations have been materially adversely affected by inflation. If there is a significant increase in
inflation in South Africa without a concurrent devaluation of the rand or an increase in the price of gold, our costs will increase,
negatively affecting our operating results.
The movements in the rand/dollar exchange rate, based upon average rates during the periods presented, and the local
annual inflation rate for the periods presented, as measured by the South African Consumer Price Index, or CPI, are set out in the
table below:
Fiscal year ended
Year ended June 30,
2013
(%)
2012
(%)
2011
(%)
The average rand/dollar exchange rate weakened/(strengthened) by .............................................
14
11
(8.2)
CPI (inflation rate) .....................................................................................................................
5.5               5.5              5.3
The South African CPI inflation rate stabilized in fiscal 2013, 2012 and fiscal 2011 after a significant decrease from 6.9%
in fiscal 2009 and as at September 30, 2013, it was at 6.5%.
South African political, economic and other factors
We are a South African company and all our revenue producing operations are based in South Africa. As a result, we are
subject to various economic, fiscal, monetary and political factors that affect South African companies generally, including
exchange control regulations. Governmental officials have from time to time stated their intentions to lift South Africa’s exchange
control regulations when economic conditions permit such action. Over the last few years, certain aspects of exchange controls for
companies and individuals have been incrementally relaxed. It is, however, impossible to predict when, if ever, the South African
Government will remove exchange controls in their entirety. South African companies remain subject to restrictions on their
ability to export and deploy capital outside of the Southern African Common Monetary Area, unless dispensation has been
granted by the South African Reserve Bank. For a detailed discussion of exchange controls, see Item 10D.: “Exchange controls.”
On May 1, 2004, the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (MPRD Act) became effective. Prior to the
introduction of the MPRD Act, private ownership in mineral rights and statutory mining rights in South Africa could be acquired
through the common law or by statute. Now, all mineral rights have been placed under the custodianship of the South African
Government under the provisions of the MPRD Act, and "old order" proprietary rights need to be converted to "new order" rights
of use within certain prescribed periods. We have submitted certain applications in this regard. This process is described in more
detail under Item 4B.: “Business Overview – Governmental regulations and their effects on our business - South Africa - Common
Law Mineral Rights and Statutory Mining Rights.”
background image
50
Recent developments
Ergo (includes Ergo Mining, ErgoGold, Crown and ERPM’s Cason dump)
On July 1, 2012, DRDGOLD restructured the group’s surface operations into Ergo Mining in order to improve synergies,
affect cost savings and implement a simpler group structure. Ergo Mining is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Ergo Mining
Operations Proprietary Limited, or EMO. EMO is 74% held by DRDGOLD, 20% by its black economic empowerment (BEE)
partner, Khumo Gold SPV Proprietary Limited (Khumo Gold) and 6% by the DRDSA Empowerment Trust.
Various transactions to give effect to the restructuring have been entered into, in terms of which:
· DRDGOLD has sold its 35% direct interest in the ErgoGold unincorporated partnership to Ergo Mining for R200
  million on loan account;
· Crown Gold Recoveries Proprietary Limited, or Crown has sold its mining assets (excluding its 50% interest in
  Ergo Mining), mining and prospecting rights and certain liabilities to Ergo Mining in exchange for shares in Ergo
  Mining;
· ERPM sold all of its surface mining assets (excluding its 50% interest in Ergo Mining) and its 65% interest in
  ErgoGold to Ergo Mining in exchange for shares in Ergo Mining; and
· Crown and ERPM will distribute their entire holdings in Ergo Mining to sole shareholder EMO.
Consequently, EMO will hold 100% directly of Ergo Mining.
The ERPM and Crown disposals are subject to the consent of the Minister of Mineral Resources in terms of section 11 of
the MPRD Act.
Blyvoor
On September 14, 2010, Blyvoor, then a subsidiary of EMO, was transferred from EMO to DRDGOLD and became a
direct subsidiary of DRDGOLD. This was done in order to separate the Company’s underground and surface operations in two
investment vehicles; the first being Blyvoor, involved in underground operations at a higher risk, marginal gold mine with a high
potential upside if the rand gold price reaches more favorable levels and the second being EMO, involved in surface operations at
a lower risk, higher margin gold mine. Following this restructuring, DRDGOLD’s Board of Directors announced in April, 2011
that Blyvoor no longer fit within the Company’s strategic focus and that the mine would be sold.
On June 23, 2011, DRDGOLD announced that its Board of Directors had decided to suspend financial assistance to
Blyvoor. The decision followed the promulgation of the new Companies Act of South Africa which requires directors of parent
companies to seek the consent of the parent company shareholders and then to consider the effects on the solvency and liquidity of
the parent company as conditions precedent to the provision of financial assistance to subsidiaries. Blyvoor’s production had been
trending down as a result of a drop in grade and seismicity-related work stoppages, while costs had increased due mainly to higher
electricity charges, and particularly power utility Eskom’s winter tariff which added R11 million a month to overhead costs. The
board of directors of Blyvoor had, in response to the DRDGOLD Board’s decision, resolved to begin business rescue proceedings
for Blyvoor in terms of Chapter 6 of the Companies Act. The business rescue process provided for in Chapter 6 replaced the
judicial management process in the previous Companies Act.
On August 17, 2011, DRDGOLD announced that Blyvoor had been granted an extension by the Southern Gauteng High
Court of South Africa (Johannesburg) until November 1, 2011, to publish a business rescue plan.
On November 10, 2011, the Business Rescue Practitioner terminated the business rescue after concluding that there were
no longer grounds to believe that Blyvoor was financially distressed in terms of Chapter 6 of the South African Companies Act,
2008.
On February 11, 2012, DRDGOLD, Village Main Reef Limited (Village), Blyvoor and Business Venture Investments
No 1557 Proprietary Limited (a wholly owned subsidiary of Village) (Purchaser) entered into a sale of shares and claims
agreement. Pursuant to terms of the Agreement, DRDGOLD agreed to sell its entire shareholding in Blyvoor (which amounts to
74% of the total issued ordinary share capital of Blyvoor) (Sale Shares) and its working capital and shareholder loan claims
against Blyvoor, or the Sale Claims to the Purchaser, the Transaction. The Transaction is divided into the Part A Sale and the Part
B Sale. In terms of the Part A Sale, the Sale Claims are sold to the Purchaser, and in terms of the Part B Sale, the Sale Shares are
sold to the Purchaser. The purchase consideration payable in respect of the Sale Claims and the Sale Shares shall be discharged by
Village through the issue of 85,714,286 new ordinary shares in Village (Village Shares) to DRDGOLD and an amount of R1
payable in cash by Village, respectively.
background image
51
The Part A Sale was completed on June 1, 2012, at which time 65,714,286 of the Village Shares were issued directly to
DRDGOLD and 20,000,000 are held in escrow (Escrow Shares) pending completion of the Part B Sale.
The Part B Sale is subject to the fulfillment, or waiver (if applicable), of the following conditions precedent:
· by not later than the second anniversary of the signature date of the Agreement, the Department of Mineral Resources
  (DMR) has granted the conversion of Blyvoor's old order mining right and the new order mining right has been notarially
  executed and registered in the Mining Titles Office or Conversion; and
· by not later than the third anniversary of the signature date of the Agreement, the DMR has unconditionally approved the
  transfer of DRDGOLD's interest in Blyvoor to the Purchaser in terms of section 11 of the Mineral & Petroleum
  Resources Development Act, No 28 of 2002 or conditionally approved it on terms and conditions which each of
  DRDGOLD and the Purchaser confirms to be acceptable (Section 11 Approval).
Upon fulfillment of the Part B Conditions Precedent, the Escrow Shares together with any accrued dividends thereon will
be released to DRDGOLD and the Sale Shares will be transferred to the Purchaser.
If Conversion does not occur in accordance with the terms of the Agreement, or Conversion occurs but Section 11
Approval is not obtained, any one, or more, of the following may occur:

· the sale of the Sale Shares is implemented and the Sale Shares are transferred to the Purchaser;
· a portion of the Sale Claims revert to DRDGOLD;
· the Escrow Shares together with any accrued dividends thereon are released to DRDGOLD or to the Purchaser;
· the appointment of the Purchaser as DRDGOLD’s agent to render corporate services on behalf of DRDGOLD to Blyvoor
  continues or is terminated; and/or
· the DRDGOLD’s right to receive dividends in respect of the Sale Shares is reinstated.
background image
52
Key financial and operating indicators
The table below presents the key performance measurement data for the past three fiscal years: The financial results for
the years ended June 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011 below are stated in accordance with IFRS as issued by the IASB. The table also
includes the key performance measures for the growth of our business and its profitability, which are gold revenue, production,
operating costs, cash operating costs per kilogram, all-in sustaining costs per kilogram and all-in costs per kilogram, capital
expenditure and Ore Reserves.
Operating data
Total operations
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
2011
Revenue (R'000) .........................................................................................................
2,076,496         3,004,264          2,565,319
Gold production (ounces) ............................................................................................
146,381
232,353             265,179
Gold production (kilograms) .......................................................................................
4,553
7,227                 8,248
Revenue (R/kilogram) .................................................................................................
456,072
415,700             311,023
Average gold price received (R/kilogram) ...................................................................
458,084
418,538
308,220
Operating costs (R'000) ..............................................................................................
1,397,177          2,188,887         2,088,299
Cash operating costs (R'000) ......................................................................................
1,414,904
2,203,597          2,072,687
Cash operating costs (R/kilogram)
1
............................................................................
310,763
304,912
251,296
All-in sustaining costs (R/kilogram)¹ ...........................................................................
365,569
353,863            291,066
All-in costs (R/kilogram)¹ ............................................................................................
436,638             390,064            318,743
Capital expenditure - cash (R'000) ...............................................................................
382,424
333,175            317,250
Ore Reserves (ounces) ..................................................................................................
1,676,000          1,825,000         6,336,000
Continuing operations
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
2011
Revenue (R'000) ..........................................................................................................
2,076,496          1,764,191         1,379,459
Gold production (ounces) .............................................................................................
146,381
135,708             144,065
Gold production (kilograms) ........................................................................................
4,553
4,221                 4,481
Revenue (R/kilogram) .................................................................................................
456,072
417,956             307,846
Average gold price received (R/kilogram) ...................................................................
458,084
418,849
308,880
Operating costs (R'000) ..............................................................................................
1,397,177          1,141,973            972,479
Cash operating costs (R'000) .......................................................................................
1,414,904
1,151,400             980,746
Cash operating costs (R/kilogram)¹ ..............................................................................
310,763
272,779             218,868
All-in sustaining costs (R/kilogram)¹ ...........................................................................
365,569
331,978             258,247
All-in costs (R/kilogram)¹ ............................................................................................
436,638             383,294             308,868
Capital expenditure - cash (R'000) ...............................................................................
382,424
250,237             221,567
Ore Reserves (ounces) ..................................................................................................
1,676,000          1,825,000         1,997,000
Discontinued operation
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
2011
Revenue (R'000) .........................................................................................................
n/a
1,240,073          1,185,860
Gold production (ounces) ............................................................................................
n/a
96,645            121,114
Gold production (kilograms) ........................................................................................
n/a
3,006
3,767
Revenue (R/kilogram) .................................................................................................
n/a
412,533            314,802
Average gold price received (R/kilogram) ...................................................................
n/a
418,096
307,457
Operating costs (R'000) ..............................................................................................
n/a
1,046,914          1,115,820
Cash operating costs (R'000) ......................................................................................
n/a
1,052,197          1,091,941
Cash operating costs (R/kilogram)¹ .............................................................................
n/a
350,032
289,870
All-in sustaining costs (R/kilogram)¹ ...........................................................................
n/a
384,689
330,105
All-in costs (R/kilogram)¹ ...........................................................................................
n/a
399,572             330,491
Capital expenditure - cash (R'000) ..............................................................................
n/a
82,938
95,683
Ore Reserves (ounces) .................................................................................................
n/a
n/a          4,339,000
1
Cash operating costs, all-in sustaining costs and all-in costs are non-IFRS financial measures of performance that we use to determine cash
generating capacities of the mines and to monitor performance of our mining operations. For a reconciliation of those measures to operating
costs, see Item 5A.: “Operating Results” - “Reconciliation of cash cost per kilogram, all-in sustaining costs per kilogram, all-in costs per
kilogram and capital expenditure (cash).”
background image
53
Revenue
Revenue is derived from the sale of gold. The following table analyzes our revenue for the periods under review for
continuing and discontinued operations:
Year ended June 30,
2013
R'000
2012
R'000
2011
R'000
Continuing operations
Ergo..................................................................................................................................      2,076,496       1,764,191      1,379,459
Discontinued operation
Blyvoor ...........................................................................................................................
n/a        1,240,073      1,185,860
Total ..................................................................................................................................       2,076,496       3,004,264      2,565,319
Revenue decreased from R3,004.3 million in fiscal 2012 to R2,076.5 million in fiscal 2013 mainly as a result of the
disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012. The increase in revenue from continuing operations was due to an 8% increase in throughput
from the Crown/Ergo pipeline which was operational for the whole of fiscal 2013 and a 9% increase in the rand dollar price.
Revenue increased from R2,565.3 million in fiscal 2011 to R3,004.3 million in fiscal 2012 mainly as a result of the 36%
higher rand gold price received. The increase in revenue was partially offset by a decrease in production at Ergo of 6% due to a
decrease in grade resulting from the depletion of Top Star and Mennells higher grade dumps. The increase in revenue was also
offset by the suspension of Blyvoor's Number 4 and 6 shafts at the start of February 2012 and because only eleven months of
Blyvoor's revenue was included in fiscal 2012 following the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012.
Gold production
The following table analyzes the production for the periods under review for continuing and discontinued operations:
Year ended June 30
2013
2012
2011
Ounces      Kilograms       Ounces    Kilograms       Ounces     Kilograms
Continuing operations
Ergo............................................................
146,381              4,553        135,708             4,221        144,065             4,481
Discontinued operation
Blyvoor
.....................................................
-
          96,645            3,006
121,114             3,767
Surface operations .....................................
-
-
23,597
734
29,645
922
Underground operations ............................
-
-
73,048
2,272
91,469
2,845
Total production ........................................
146,381              4,553        232,353           7,227         265,179             8,248
Our total gold production in fiscal 2013 decreased by 85,972 ounces, or 37%, to 146,381 ounces from 232,353 ounces
produced in fiscal 2012. At Ergo, total gold production was 8% higher at 146,381 ounces (fiscal 2012: 135,708 ounces). This
reflected an 8% rise in throughput to 23,254,000 tonnes (fiscal 2012: 21,603,000 tonnes) and a constant average grade of 0.20g/t
(fiscal 2012: 0.20g/t).
For fiscal 2012, our total gold production decreased by 32,826 ounces, or 12%, to 232,353 ounces from 265,179 ounces
produced in fiscal 2011. At Ergo, total gold production was 6% lower at 135,708 ounces (fiscal 2011: 144,065 ounces). This
reflected a 6% rise in throughput to 21,603,000 tonnes (fiscal 2011: 20,326,000 tonnes) and a 9% reduction in average grade to
0.20g/t (fiscal 2011: 0.22g/t), resulting from the depletion of the Top Star and Mennells higher grade dumps. At Blyvoor, total
gold production for the year was 96,645 ounces, down by 20% from 121,114 ounces in fiscal 2011, primarily due to the
suspension of Blyvoor’s Number 4 and 6 shafts at the start of February 2012 and the inclusion of eleven months of Blyvoor
production for fiscal 2012.
background image
54
Cash operating costs
1
, all-in sustaining costs and all-in costs per kilogram¹
For fiscal 2013, cash operating costs from continuing and discontinued operations increased to R310,763 per kilogram of
gold from R304,912 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram increased to R365,569 per kilogram
of gold in fiscal 2013 from R353,863 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012. All-in costs per kilogram increased to R436,638 per
kilogram of gold in fiscal 2013 from R390,094 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012. The increase in cash operating costs and all-in
sustaining costs per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2013 was due to above inflation increases in prices of key consumables,
labor and electricity. The increase in all-in costs per kilogram was primarily due to the foregoing and the non-recurring increase in
non-sustaining capital relating to the flotation and fine-grind project. For fiscal 2012, cash operating costs from total operations
increased to R304,912 per kilogram of gold from R251,296 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. All-in sustaining costs per
kilogram increased to R353,863 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012 from R291,066 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. All-in
costs per kilogram increased to R390,064 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012 from R318,743 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011.
The increase in cash operating costs and all-in sustaining costs per kilogram of gold produced in fiscal 2012 was due to above
inflation increases in prices of key consumables, labor and electricity as well as the 12% decrease in production. The increase in
all-in costs per kilogram was primarily due the foregoing and to the non-recurring R43.7 million retrenchment costs relating to
Blyvoor recorded in fiscal 2012.
Ergo's cash operating costs for fiscal 2013 increased to R310,763 per kilogram of gold from R272,779 per kilogram of gold
in fiscal 2012. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram increased to R365,569 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2013 from R331,978 per
kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012. All-in costs per kilogram increased to R436,638 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2013 from R390,064
per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012. The increase in cash operating costs and all-in sustaining costs per kilogram were due to above
inflation increases in prices of key consumables, labor and electricity and, for all-in sustaining costs, the increase in corporate
costs relating to a new business unit aimed specifically at researching new business opportunities. The increase in all-in costs per
kilogram was primarily due to the foregoing and to the non-recurring increase in non-sustaining capital relating to the flotation
and fine-grind project. Ergo's cash operating costs per kilogram for fiscal 2012 increased to R272,779 per kilogram of gold from
R218,868 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram increased to R331,978 per kilogram of gold in
fiscal 2013 from R258,247 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. All-in costs per kilogram increased to R383,294 per kilogram of gold
in fiscal 2012 from R308,868 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. The increases were due to above inflation increases in prices of
key consumables, labor and electricity as well as the decrease in production.
Blyvoor's cash operating costs for fiscal 2012 increased to R350,032 per kilogram of gold from R289,870 per kilogram of
gold in fiscal 2011. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram increased to R384,689 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012 from R330,105 per
kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram increased to R399,572 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2012 from
R330,491 per kilogram of gold in fiscal 2011. The increase in all-in sustaining costs and all-in costs per kilogram were due to R43.7
million retrenchment costs.
Reconciliation of cash operating costs per kilogram, all-in sustaining costs per kilogram, all-in costs per kilogram and capital
expenditure (cash)
Cash operating costs of production include costs for all mining, processing, administration, royalties and production
taxes, but exclude depreciation, depletion and amortization, rehabilitation, retrenchment costs and corporate administration costs.
Cash operating costs per kilogram are calculated by dividing cash operating costs by kilograms of gold produced. Cash operating
costs per kilogram have been calculated on a consistent basis for all periods presented.
All-in sustaining costs per kilogram is a measure on which guidance were provided by the World Gold Council and
include cash operating costs of production plus, on-site general and administrative costs, royalties and production taxes, sustaining
capital, sustaining exploration, the accretion of rehabilitation costs, but excludes depreciation, retrenchment costs, finance costs,
depletion and amortization, reclamation and closure costs. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram are calculated by dividing all-in
sustaining costs by kilograms of gold produced. All-in sustaining costs per kilogram have been calculated on a consistent basis for
all periods presented.
All-in costs per kilogram is a measure on which guidance were provided by the World Gold Council and include total
operating costs, plus all-in sustaining costs, non-sustaining capital costs relating to projects, retrenchment costs, capital
recoupment relating to non-sustaining capital, ongoing rehabilitation expenditure, and non-operating costs, but exclude taxation,
minority interest, finance costs, profit or loss from associates and the cumulative effect of accounting adjustments. All-in costs per
kilogram are calculated by dividing all-in costs by kilograms of gold produced. All-in costs per kilogram have been calculated on
a consistent basis for all periods presented.
1
Cash operating costs, all-in sustaining costs and all-in costs per kilogram are non-IFRS financial measures of performance that we use to
determine cash generating capacities of the mines and to monitor performance of our mining operations.
background image
55
Cash operating costs per kilogram, all-in sustaining costs per kilogram and all-in costs per kilogram are non-IFRS
financial measures that should not be considered by investors in isolation or as alternatives to operating costs, net profit/(loss)
attributable to equity owners of the parent, profit/(loss) before tax and other items or any other measure of financial performance
presented in accordance with IFRS or as an indicator of our performance. While the World Gold Council provided guidance for
the calculation of cash operating costs, the calculation of cash operating costs per kilogram, all-in sustaining costs and all-in costs
per kilogram may vary significantly among gold mining companies, and these definitions by themselves do not necessarily
provide a basis for comparison with other gold mining companies. However, we believe that cash operating costs per kilogram,
all-in sustaining costs per kilogram and all-in costs per kilogram are useful indicators to investors and our management of an
individual mine's performance and of the performance of our operations as a whole as they provide:
· an indication of a mine’s profitability and efficiency;
· the trend in costs;
· a measure of a mine's margin per kilogram, by comparison of the cash operating costs per kilogram by mine to the price
  of gold; and
· a benchmark of performance to allow for comparison against other mines and mining companies.
Capital expenditure (cash) is the actual cash flow for the particular fiscal period as taken from the statement of cash flows
for additions to property, plant and equipment under investing activities.
A reconciliation of cash operating costs to operating costs as per our operating segment, all-in sustaining costs and all-in
costs for each of the three years ended June 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011 is presented below. In addition, we have also provided below
details of the amount of gold produced by each mine for each of those periods.
background image
56
For the year ended June 30, 2013
(in R'000, except as otherwise noted)
Continuing Operations
Discontinued
operation
1
Ergo
ERPM
2
Other
2
Total
Total
Cash operating costs
3
...............................................................
1,414,904
-
-
1,414,904
-
1,414,904
Movement in gold in process ....................................................
(17,727)
-
-
(17,727)
-
(17,727)
Net operating costs
1,397,177
-
-
1,397,177
-
1,397,177
Plus:
Administration expenses, general costs and other ..................
68,950
21,201
24,028
114,179
-
114,179
Movement in provision for environmental
rehabilitation ........................................................................
35,694
22
(20,382)
15,334
-
15,334
Unwinding of rehabilitation provision .....................................
31,982
1,555
-
33,537
-
33,537
Sustaining capital ....................................................................
95,071
9,052
86
104,209
-
104,209
All-in sustaining costs ........................................................
1,628,874
31,830
3,732
1,664,436
-
1,664,436
Plus:
Retrenchment costs ..............................................................
-
-
565
565
-
565
Care and maintenance costs ..................................................
-
20,251
-
20,251
-
20,251
Ongoing rehabilitation expenditure .......................................
45,444
-
-
45,444
-
45,444
Capital recoupment ..............................................................
(131)
(11,356)
(15,000)
(26,487)
-
(26,487)
Non-sustaining capital ...........................................................
261,470
-
22,337
283,807
-
283,807
All-in costs ............................................................................
1,935,656
40,725
11,634
1,988,016
-
1,988,016
Gold produced (ounces) .............................................................
146,381
-
-
146,381
-
146,381
Gold produced (kilograms) ........................................................
4,553
-
-
4,553
-
4,553
Cash operating costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) .................
310,763
-
-
310,763
-
310,763
All-in sustaining costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ...............
357,758
-
-
365,569
-
365,569
All-in costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ...............................
425,139
-
-
436,638
-
436,638
1
Fiscal 2013 had no discontinued operations.
2
Relates to other non-core operating entities within the Group and is included under ‘Corporate head office and other’ in our segmental reporting.
3
Cash operating costs equate to cash operating costs of production.
background image
57
For the year ended June 30, 2012
(in R'000, except as otherwise noted)
Continuing Operations
Discontinued
operation
Ergo
1
ERPM
2
Other
2
Total             Blyvoor
3
Total
Cash operating costs
4
...............................................................
1,151,400
-
-
1,151,400
1,052,197
2,203,597
Movement in gold in process ....................................................
(9,427)
-
-
(9,427)
(5,283)
(14,710)
Net operating costs
1,141,973
-
-
1,141,973
1,046,914
2,188,887
Plus:
Administration expenses, general costs/(income) and other ..
64,105
(277)
33,797
97,625
25,613
123,238
Movement in provision for environmental
rehabilitation ........................................................................
48,292
9,861
1,333
59,486
(301)
59,185
Unwinding of rehabilitation provision ....................................
5,153
928
-
6,081
1,211
7,292
Sustaining capital ....................................................................                    77,578
25
18,513                 96,116
82,939
179,055
All-in sustaining costs .......................................................
1,337,101
10,537
53,643
1,401,281
1,156,376
2,557,657
Plus:
Retrenchment costs ..............................................................
-
-
-
-
43,747
43,747
Care and maintenance costs ...................................................
-
29,299
-
29,299
-
29,299
Ongoing rehabilitation expenditure .......................................
39,445
7,702
148
47,295
990
48,285
Capital recoupment ...............................................................
-
(287)
-
(287)
-
(287)
Non-sustaining capital ........................................................... 
140,294
-
-
140,294
-
140,294
Total costs ..............................................................................
1,516,840
47,251
53,791
1,617,882
1,201,113
2,818,995
Gold produced (ounces) .............................................................
135,708
-
-
135,708
96,645
232,353
Gold produced (kilograms) ........................................................
4,221
-
-
4,221
3,006
7,227
Cash operating costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ..................
272,779
-
-
272,779
350,032
304,912
All-in sustaining costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ................
316,774
-
-
331,978
384,689
353,863
All-in costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ................................
359,356
-
-
383,294
399,572
390,064
1
Ergo include Ergo, ErgoGold, Crown and ERPM’s surface Cason operation.
2
Relates to other non-core operating entities within the Group and is included under ‘Corporate head office and other’ in our segmental reporting.
3
Blyvoor was sold on June 1, 2012, and has been classified as a discontinued operation. Comparable prior year numbers have been adjusted to distinguish between continuing- and discontinued operations where
relevant.
4
Cash operating costs equate to cash operating costs of production.
background image
58
For the year ended June 30, 2011
(in R'000, except as otherwise noted)
Continuing Operations
Discontinued
operation
Ergo
1
ERPM
2
Other
2
Total
Continuing
Operations          Blyvoor
3
Total
Group
Cash operating costs
4
...............................................................
980,746
-
-
980,746
1,091,941
2,072,687
Movement in gold in process ....................................................
(8,267)
-
-
(8,267)
23,879
15,612
Operating costs
972,479
                    -
972,479
1,115,820
2,088,299
Plus:
Administration expenses, general costs and other ..................
12,588
15,243
39,720
67,551
26,620
94,171
Movement in provision for environmental
rehabilitation .........................................................................
36,352
11,049
(483)
46,918
5,649
52,567
Unwinding of rehabilitation provision ......................................
7,303
1,053
-
8,356
1,049
9,405
Sustaining capital ...................................................................
56,223
207
5,473
61,903
94,367
156,270
All-in sustaining costs .........................................................
1,084,945
27,552            44,710             1,157,207
1,243,505
2,400,712
Plus:
Retrenchment costs ...............................................................
-
839
-
839
-
839
Care and maintenance costs ...................................................
-
24,892
-
24,892
-
24,892
Ongoing rehabilitation expenditure ........................................
32,311
9,047
167
41,525
1,453
42,978
Capital addition/(recoupment) ...............................................
-
-
10,464
10,464
-
10,464
Non-sustaining capital ............................................................
149,110
-
-
149,110
-
149,110
All-in costs .............................................................................
1,266,366
62,330            55,341             1,384,037
1,244,958
2,628,995
Gold produced (ounces) .............................................................
144,065
-
-
144,065
121,114
265,179
Gold produced (kilograms) ........................................................
4,481
-
-
4,481
3,767
8,248
Cash operating costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) .................
218,868
-
-
218,868
289,870
251,296
All-in sustaining costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ...............
242,121
-
-
258,247
330,105
291,066
All-in costs per kilogram (R per kilogram) ...............................
282,608
-
-
308,868
330,491
318,743
1
Ergo include Ergo, ErgoGold, Crown and ERPM’s surface Cason operation.
2
Relates to other non-core operating entities within the Group and is included under ‘Corporate head office and other’ in our segmental reporting.
3
Blyvoor was sold on June 1, 2012, and has been classified as a discontinued operation. Comparable prior year numbers have been adjusted to distinguish between continuing- and discontinued operations where
relevant.
4
Cash operating costs equate to cash operating costs of production.
background image
59
Capital expenditure (cash)
During fiscal 2013, total capital expenditure (cash) was R382.4 million, compared to R333.2 million in fiscal 2012, an
increase of 15%. Capital expenditure increased primarily as a result of the new flotation and fine-grind project. In fiscal 2013,
Ergo spent R261.5 million on the flotation and fine-grind project, R11.7 million on the Brakpan tailings facility, R20.5 million on
the Cason high grade plant, R30.4 million on the Angelo Pan reclamation and pipeline, R26.3 million on infrastructure upgrades
and R5.5 million on other equipment. The corporate head office had capital expenditure amounting to R13.5 million relating to the
exploration in Zimbabwe. For a detailed summary of capital expenditure, see Item 4D.: “ Property, Plant and Equipment”.
During fiscal 2012, total capital expenditure (cash) was R333.2 million, compared to R317.3 million in fiscal 2011, an
increase of 5%. Capital expenditure increased primarily as a result of the new flotation and fine-grind project and the completion
of the Crown/Ergo pipeline project. In fiscal 2012, Ergo spent R33.9 million on the Crown/Ergo pipeline project, R50.7 million on
the extension of the Brakpan tailings facility, R15.5 million on the refurbishment of the Ergo plant, R38.5 million on the new
flotation and fine-grind project, R49.0 million on infrastructure upgrades equipment, R14.2 million on the tailings facilities and
R16.1 million to replace old equipment and acquire new equipment. Blyvoor spent R50.3 million on opening up and development,
R23.3 million on equipment and R9.3 million on other equipment and the tailings facilities. The corporate head office had capital
expenditure amounting to R21.7 million relating to property, R7.8 million relating to the exploration in Zimbabwe and R2.9 million
on other equipment. For a detailed summary of capital expenditure, see Item 4D.: “ Property, Plant and Equipment”.
Subsequent to June 30, 2013 and up to September 30, 2013 we spent R52.4 million on capital expenditure relating mainly
to:
· Ergo's construction of the flotation plant amounting to R43.8 million, the Benoni slurry line amounting to R3.1 million, the
  Brakpan tailings facility amounting to R2.7 million, the Daggafontein rehabilitation expenditure amounted to R1.5 million
  and security fencing upgrading amounted to R1.3 million.
Ore Reserves
As at June 30, 2013, our Ore Reserves were estimated at 1.7 million ounces, as compared to 1.8 million ounces at
June 30, 2012, representing an 8% decrease. The decrease was mainly due to depletion. As at June 30, 2012, our Ore Reserves were
estimated at 1.8 million ounces, as compared to approximately 6.3 million ounces at June 30, 2011, representing a 71% decrease. The
decrease was due to the disposal of Blyvoor which comprised 68% of the 6.3 million reserves at the end of fiscal 2011.
We seek to increase our attributable Ore Reserves through exploration and to acquire additional new Ore Reserves.
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
2011
Ounces    Kilograms
Ounces
Kilograms
Ounces
Kilograms
‘000
‘000
‘000
Continuing operations
Ergo
1
.........................................................
1,676
52,127              1,825             56,961             1,997             62,111
Discontinued operation
Blyvoor ....................................................
-
-                                         -
4,339
134,963
Total Ore Reserves ...................................
1,676            52,127
1,825             56,961              6,336           197,074
Our Ore Reserves presented in Item 4B.: “Business Overview” and above are prepared using three year average gold prices
at the time of reserve determination for each year presented. For purposes of our financial statements, depreciation and impairment of
property, plant and equipment is determined based upon our "recoverable minerals", which means Proven and Probable Ore
Reserves, which are calculated using our life of mine business plans and the gold price at the end of each financial year.
¹ After the restructuring, Ergo’s Ore Reserves include the Elsburg and Benoni tailings complexes which are being processed by Ergo,
however the mining rights for these tailings are owned by ERPM. Crown's Ore Reserves have also been included under Ergo.
background image
60
Application of critical accounting policies
Some of our significant accounting policies require the application of significant judgment by management in selecting the
appropriate assumptions for calculating financial estimates. By their nature, these judgments are subject to an inherent degree of
uncertainty and are based on our historical experience, terms of existing contracts, management's view on trends in the gold mining
industry and information from outside sources.
Management believes the following critical accounting policies involve the more significant judgments and estimates used
in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements and could potentially impact our financial results and future financial
performance:
· Property, plant and equipment
· Impairment of property, plant and equipment
· Deferred income and mining taxes
· Reclamation and environmental costs
· Financial instruments
Management has discussed the development and selection of each of these critical accounting policies with the Board of
Directors and the Audit Committee, both of which have approved and reviewed the disclosure of these policies. Our significant
accounting policies relating to our accounting estimates and judgments are described in more detail in note 1 to the consolidated
financial statements. Refer to Item 18.: “Financial statements’’. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the
consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 18.: “Financial statements’’.
Property, plant and equipment
Actual expenditures incurred for mineral property interests, mine development costs, mine plant facilities and equipment are
capitalized to the specific mine to which the cost relates. Depreciation is calculated on a mine-by-mine basis using the units of
production method. Other assets are depreciated using the straight-line method over the expected life of these assets. Under the units
of production method, we estimate the depreciation rate based on actual production over total Proven and Probable Ore Reserves of
the particular mine, which are calculated using our life of mine business plans and a gold price at the end of each financial year.
This rate is then applied to actual costs capitalized to date to arrive at the depreciation expense for the period. Proven and Probable
Ore Reserves of the particular mine reflect estimated quantities of economically and legally recoverable reserves. Changes in
management’s estimates of the quantities of economically recoverable reserves impact depreciation on a prospective basis. The
estimate of the total reserves of our mines could be materially different from the actual gold mined due to changes in the factors used
in determining our Ore Reserves, such as the gold price, foreign currency exchange rates, labor costs, engineering evaluations of
assay values derived from sampling of drill holes and other openings. Any change in management’s estimate of the total Proven and
Probable Ore Reserves would impact the depreciation charges recorded in our consolidated financial statements. The prevailing
market price of gold at the end of the financial year was R328,155, R408,381 and R378,158 per kilogram for the fiscal years
ended June 30, 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively.
Impairment of property, plant and equipment
The carrying amounts of assets, other than inventories and deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date to
determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists, the asset's recoverable amount is estimated.
The recoverable amount of an asset or cash-generating unit is the greater of its value in use and its fair value less costs to sell. In
assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects
current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. Future cash flows are estimated based on
quantities of recoverable minerals, expected gold prices, production levels and cash operating costs of production, all based on life
of mine business plans. The term “recoverable minerals” means Proved and Probable Ore Reserves, which are calculated using
our life of mine business plans and a gold price at the end of each financial year. The prevailing market price of gold at the end of
the financial year was R328,155, R408,381 and R378,158 per kilogram for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2011, 2012 and 2013,
respectively. For the purpose of impairment testing, assets are grouped together into the smallest group of assets which generates
cash inflows from continuing use that is largely independent of the cash inflows of other assets or groups of assets, or the cash-
generating unit. An impairment loss is recognized directly against the carrying amount of the asset whenever the carrying amount of
an asset, or its cash generating unit, exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment losses are recognized in profit or loss.
The recoverable amount of property, plant and equipment is generally determined utilizing discounted future cash flows. We
also consider such factors as our market capitalization, the quality of the individual ore body and country risk in determining the
recoverable amount. During fiscal 2013, R110.2 million (fiscal 2012: Rnil, and fiscal 2011: R546.6 million) was recorded as an
impairment at a specific asset level.
background image
61
In fiscal 2013, we calculated the recoverable amount based on updated life-of-mine business plans, a gold price of R410,473
per kilogram in year one escalating at 6.7% per annum, and a discount rate of 14.9%. With a 10% reduction in the gold price to
R369,425 per kilogram, an impairment of R1,097.4 million would be raised, or at an increase in the discount rate of 1.9 percentage
points (13%) to 16.8%, the group would begin impairment of the mining assets. The increase in discount rate from 14.4% in fiscal
2012 to 14.9% in fiscal 2013, was mainly as a result of the increase in the group’s risk premium from 9.6% in fiscal 2012 to 10.1% in
fiscal 2013. The increase in the escalation rate from 5.3% in fiscal 2012 to 6.7% in fiscal 2013 was a result of a 22% weaker
exchange rate forecast of the rand against the dollar from R9.1150 in fiscal 2012 to R11.0952 in fiscal 2013 .
In fiscal 2012, we calculated the recoverable amount based on updated life-of-mine business plans, a gold price of R441,936
per kilogram in year one escalating at 5.3% per annum, and a discount rate of 14.4%. With a 10% reduction in the gold price to
R397,742 per kilogram, an impairment of R914.8 million would be raised, or at an increase in the discount rate of 8.5 percentage
points (59%) to 22.9%, the group would begin impairment of the mining assets. The increase in discount rate from 13.9% in fiscal
2011 to 14.4% in fiscal 2012, was mainly as a result of the increase in the group’s risk premium from 8.1% in fiscal 2011 to 9.6% in
fiscal 2012.
The R110.2 million impairment in fiscal 2013, consisted of R52.4 million against Ergo's property, plant and equipment
(R40.0 million for surface dumps and R12.4 million for plant equipment), R8.6 million against ERPM’s plant equipment and
R49.2 million to Chizim Gold's exploration assets.
The R546.6 million impairment in fiscal 2011, related to Blyvoor which represented one cash generating unit. A discount
rate of 14.4%, together with further risk adjustments to future cash flows were used in determining the impairment. Management also
took into consideration as part of their reasonableness assessment, a sensitivity analysis and the fact that Blyvoor was under business
rescue proceedings, with the business rescue plan not being approved as at the end of fiscal 2011. Further considerations included the
group's market capitalization, which were lower than the group's net asset value before the impairment had been raised.
Deferred income and mining taxes
Deferred taxation is recognized in respect of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for
financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. Deferred tax is not recognized for the following temporary
differences: the initial recognition of assets or liabilities in a transaction that is not a business combination and that affects neither
accounting nor taxable profit, and differences relating to investments in subsidiaries and jointly controlled entities to the extent that it
is probable that they will not reverse in the foreseeable future. In addition, deferred tax is not recognized for taxable temporary
differences arising on the initial recognition of goodwill. Deferred tax is measured at the tax rates that are expected to be applied to
the temporary differences, based on the expected manner of realization or settlement of the carrying amount of assets and liabilities,
and based on the laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the reporting date.
The amount recognized as a deferred tax asset is generally determined utilizing discounted future cash flows. We consider
all factors that could possibly affect the probability that future taxable profit will be available against which unused tax credits can be
utilized. These factors included profitability of the operations and an estimate of the gold price. The amount recognized as a deferred
tax asset is sensitive to the current gold spot price. As at June 30, 2013 we recognized a deferred tax asset of R2.9 million (June 30,
2012: R38.3 million and June 30, 2011: R69.2 million). The amount recognized at June 30, 2013 was based on a future gold price
receivable of R410,473 per kilogram in year one, escalating at an average of 6.7% per annum.
Reclamation and environmental costs
The decommissioning provision for environmental rehabilitation represents the cost that will arise from rectifying damage
caused before production commenced. Accordingly an asset is recognized and included within mining properties. Provisions for
environmental rehabilitation are provided at the present value of the expenditures expected to settle the obligation, using estimated
cash flows based on current prices. The unwinding of the obligation is included in profit or loss. Estimated future costs of
environmental rehabilitation are reviewed regularly and adjusted as appropriate for new circumstances or changes in law or
technology. Changes in estimates are capitalized or reversed against the related asset but taken to profit or loss if there is no related
asset left. Gains or losses from the expected disposal of assets are not taken into account when determining the provision.
Estimated provisions for environmental rehabilitation, comprising pollution control rehabilitation and mine closure, are
based on our environmental management plans in compliance with current technological, environmental and regulatory requirements.
An average discount rate of 7.6%, average inflation rate of 5.4% and expected life of mines according to the life-of-mine plans were
utilized in the calculation of the estimated net present value of the rehabilitation liability (fiscal 2012: average discount rate of 7.3%,
average inflation rate of 5.4% and fiscal 2011: average discount rate of 8.5% and inflation rate of 6.0%). During fiscal 2013 there was
a net decrease in the provision of R6.4 million which was credited to property, plant and equipment for Ergo, and a reduction
amounting to R22.5 million for rehabilitation costs incurred (during fiscal 2012 there was a net increase in the provision of R13.4
million which was capitalized to property, plant and equipment for Ergo, representing an increase in its respective footprints and a
reduction amounting to R19.8 million for rehabilitation costs incurred). As a result of the disposal of Blyvoor the provision for
environmental rehabilitation decreased by R46.0 million in fiscal 2012.
background image
62
The restoration provision for environmental rehabilitation represents the costs of restoring site damage after the start of
production. Increases in the provision are recognized in profit or loss as a cost of production. Gross restoration liabilities are
estimated at the present value of the expenditures expected to settle the obligation.
Charges to profit or loss for the environmental rehabilitation of R15.3 million, R59.2 million and R52.6 million were raised
in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. Unwinding of the provisions amounting to R33.5 million, R7.3 million and R9.4 million
were recorded in fiscal 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively.
In South Africa, annual contributions are made to dedicated Rehabilitation Trust Funds and investments in funds held in
insurance instruments, which are to be used to fund the estimated cost of rehabilitation during and at the end of the life of the relevant
mine.
Financial instruments
Financial instruments recognized on the statement of financial position include investments, trade and other receivables,
cash and cash equivalents, long- and short-term interest-bearing borrowings, trade and other payables, and bank overdrafts.
Financial instruments are initially recognized at fair value and include any directly attributable transaction costs, except those
financial instruments measured at fair value through profit or loss.
If the value of the financial instrument cannot be obtained from an active market, we have established fair value by using
valuation techniques. These include the use of recent arm’s length transactions, reference to other instruments that are
substantially the same, discounted cash flow analysis and option pricing models, refined to reflect the issuer’s specific
circumstances. Listed shares are measured at fair value based on the market close price at the reporting date and applying a
discount factor for liquidity constraints pertaining to the relevant listed shares.
Operating results
Comparison of financial performance for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 with fiscal year ended June 30, 2012
Revenue
The following table illustrates the year-on-year change in revenue by evaluating the contribution of each segment to the
total change on a consolidated basis for fiscal 2013 in comparison to fiscal 2012:
Impact of change in volume
R’000
Total
revenue
2012          Disposals
Internal
growth/
(decline)
Impact of
change in
price       Net change
Total
revenue
2013
Ergo
1
.........................................
1,764,191                        -
138,761
173,544            312,305
2,076,496
Blyvoor
2
...................................
1,240,073
(1,240,073)
-
-
(1,240,073)
-
Total Operations ...................
3,004,264
(1,240,073)
138,761
173,544
(927,768)
2,076,496
Revenue for fiscal 2013 decreased by R927.8 million, or 31%, to R2,076.5 million, mainly due to the disposal of Blyvoor
on June 1, 2012. The increase in revenue for Ergo was largely due to a 9% increase in the average rand gold price received
amounting to R458,084 per kilogram and an 8% increase in gold produced from continuing operations.
Net operating costs
The following table illustrates the year-on-year change in net operating costs by evaluating the contribution of each
segment to the total change on a consolidated basis for fiscal 2013 in comparison to fiscal 2012:
Impact of change in volume
R’000
Net
operating
costs
2012         Disposals
Internal
growth/
(decline)
Impact of
change in
costs       Net change
Net
operating
costs
2013
Ergo
1
.........................................
1,141,973
-
89,821
165,383
255,204
1,397,177
Blyvoor
2
....................................
1,046,914       (1,046,914)                                                 -
(1,046,914)                         -
Total .........................................
2,188,887       (1,046,914)
89,821
165,383           (791,710)          1,397,177
1
Due to the restructuring on July 1, 2012 ErgoGold, Ergo Mining, Crown and the surface retreatment operation of ERPM have all been
transferred into Ergo Mining. However, this did not result in a change in the Ergo operating segment.
2
Blyvoor was sold on June 1, 2012.
background image
63
The following table lists the major components of operating costs for each of the years set forth below:
Years ended June 30,
Costs
2013
2012
Labor .............................................................................................................................................
17%                   32%
Specialized service providers ..........................................................................................................
19%                   12%
Consumables and other ...................................................................................................................
46%
37%
Electricity and water .......................................................................................................................
18%
19%
Operating costs are linked directly to the level of production of a specific fiscal year. Operating costs in fiscal 2013
decreased by 36% to R1,397.2 million compared to operating costs of R2,188.9 million in fiscal 2012. This decrease was mainly
as a result of the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012.
Rehabilitation provision and amounts contributed to environmental trust funds
As of June 30, 2013, we estimate our total rehabilitation provision, being the discounted estimate of future costs, to be
R524.3 million as compared to R504.3 million at June 30, 2012. The increase in the provision for environmental rehabilitation in
fiscal 2013 was due to changes in discount and inflation rate assumptions, changes in estimates resulting from changes to the life-of-
mines and additional environmental damage incurred which was off-set by a R22.5 million reduction in the provision resulting from
rehabilitation work conducted during fiscal 2013. In fiscal 2013, an expense of R15.3 million (fiscal 2012: R59.2 million) and the
unwinding of the provision of R33.5 million (fiscal 2012: R7.3 million) was recorded in profit or loss.
A total of R86.4 million was invested in our various environmental trust funds as at the end of fiscal 2013, as compared
to R106.3 million for fiscal 2012. The decrease is attributable to the derecognition of the DRDGOLD rehabilitation trust fund,
amounting to R25.6 million, due to the relinquishment of the fund to the buyer of the relating mining rights over the Durban
Roodepoort Deep mine area. The decrease was partially offset by a R5.6 million increase for interest received on these funds
during fiscal 2013. A total of R90.7 million was invested in funds held in insurance instruments to provide financial guarantees to
the DMR through an insurance cell captive company, the Guardrisk Cell Captive. The shortfall between the invested funds and the
estimated provisions is expected to be financed by ongoing contributions to the Guardrisk Cell Captive, over the remaining
production life of the respective mining operations, the proceeds on the disposal of remaining assets and gold from plant clean-up.
Depreciation
Depreciation charges were R143.8 million for fiscal 2013 compared to R120.9 million for fiscal 2012. The increase was
mainly attributable to the completion of the Crown/Ergo pipeline project during May 2012, which was depreciated for a full year
in fiscal 2013.
Retrenchment costs
Retrenchment costs decreased to R0.6 million in fiscal 2013 from R43.7 million in fiscal 2012. In fiscal 2012, these costs
related to the closure of the Number 4 and 6 shafts at Blyvoor, resulting in the retrenchment of 1,542 employees.
Impairments
In fiscal 2013, an impairment amounting to R238.0 million was recognized. The impairment consisted of R110.2 million
against property, plant and equipment at a specific asset level, R101.3 million against our investment in Village and R25.6 million
for the derecognition of the DRDGOLD rehabilitation trust fund.
Administration expenses and general costs
The administration expenses and general costs decreased in fiscal 2013 to R78.1 million from R121.5 million in fiscal
2012, a decrease of R43.4 million. In fiscal 2013, administration expenses and general costs included a non-recurring gain on
disposal of property amounting to R19.3. In fiscal 2012, administration expenses and general costs included a non-recurring loss
of approximately R9.6 million relating to the loss on the sale of property, plant and equipment.
Finance income
Finance income increased from R33.4 million in fiscal 2012 to R66.0 million in fiscal 2013. The increase was mainly due
to dividends received from available-for-sale financial assets in fiscal 2013, amounting to R32.5 million.
background image
64
Finance expenses
Finance expenses increased from R17.7 million in fiscal 2012 to R42.0 million in fiscal 2013. The increase was mainly
attributable to the unwinding of the rehabilitation provision amounting to R33.5 million in fiscal 2013 compared to R7.3 million
in fiscal 2012. In addition, the interest paid on the Domestic Medium Term Note Program (see Item 5B. “Liquidity and Capital
Resources – Borrowings and Funding”) increased with the increase in borrowings from R30.7 million in fiscal 2012 to R167.6
million in fiscal 2013.
Income tax
The net tax charge of R44.9 million for fiscal 2013 consisted of a current taxation credit of R8.7 million which includes a
R12.8 million prior year over provision and a deferred tax charge of R53.6 million. This compares to a net tax charge of
R8.0 million for fiscal 2012 consisting of a current taxation charge of R12.5 million, a deferred tax credit of R9.0 million and
secondary tax on companies amounting to R4.5 million. The year-on-year increase in the net tax charge was mainly due to the
increased profitability of Ergo.
Comparison of financial performance for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012 with fiscal year ended June 30, 2011
Revenue
The following table illustrates the year-on-year change in revenue by evaluating the contribution of each segment to the
total change on a consolidated basis for fiscal 2012 in comparison to fiscal 2011:
Impact of change in volume
R’000
Total
revenue
2011         Disposals
Internal
growth/
(decline)
Impact of
change in
price       Net change
Total
revenue
2012
Ergo
1
.........................................
1,379,459                        -
(80,040)
464,772             384,732
1,764,191
Blyvoor
2
....................................
1,185,860
(112,734)
(126,830)
293,777
54,213
1,240,073
Total Operations ....................
2,565,319
(112,734)
(206,870)
758,549
438,945
3,004,264
Revenue for fiscal 2012 increased by R438.9 million, or 17%, to R3,004.3 million, mainly due to the 36% higher average
gold price received. The average gold price increased from R311,023 per kilogram in fiscal 2011 to R415,700 per kilogram in
fiscal 2012. The increase in revenue was partially offset by a decrease in production at Ergo of 6% due to a decrease in grade
resulting from the completion of Top Star and Mennells higher grade dumps. The increase in revenue was also offset by the
suspension of Blyvoor's Number 4 and 6 shafts at the start of February 2012 and because only eleven months of Blyvoor's revenue
was included following the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012.
Net operating costs
The following table illustrates the year-on-year change in net operating costs by evaluating the contribution of each
segment to the total change on a consolidated basis for fiscal 2012 in comparison to fiscal 2011:
Impact of change in volume
R’000
Net
operating
costs
2011          Disposals
Internal
growth/
(decline)
Impact of
change in
costs       Net change
Net
operating
costs
2012
Ergo
1
.........................................
972,479
-
(56,426)
225,920
169,494
1,141,973
Blyvoor
2
...................................
1,115,820
(95,174)           (130,241)             156,509            (68,906)
1,046,914
Total ........................................
2,088,299             (95,174)           (186,667)             382,429            100,588
2,188,887
The following table lists the major components of operating costs for each of the years set forth below:
Years ended June 30,
Costs
2012
2011
Labor .............................................................................................................................................
32%
35%
Specialized service providers ..........................................................................................................
12%
12%
Consumables and other ..................................................................................................................
37%
35%
Electricity and water ......................................................................................................................
19%
18%
1
Ergo includes ErgoGold , Ergo Mining, Crown and the surface retreatment operation of ERPM.
2
Blyvoor was sold on June 1, 2012.
background image
65
As gold mining in South Africa is very labor intensive, labor costs and specialized service providers are one of the largest
components of operating costs. Operating costs are linked directly to the level of production of a specific fiscal year. Operating
costs in fiscal 2012 increased by 5% to R2,188.9 million compared to operating costs of R2,088.3 million in fiscal 2011. This
increase was mainly as a result of above inflation increases in labor, electricity and consumable costs at both Ergo and Blyvoor.
The increase in operating costs was partially offset by the closure of Number 4 and 6 shafts at Blyvoor and the fact that only
eleven months of Blyvoor's operating costs are included due to the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012.
Rehabilitation provision and amounts contributed to environmental trust funds
As of June 30, 2012, we estimate our total rehabilitation provision, being the discounted estimate of future costs, to be
R504.3 million as compared to R490.2 million at June 30, 2011. The increase in the provision for environmental rehabilitation in
fiscal 2012 was due to changes in discount and inflation rate assumptions, changes in estimates resulting from changes to the life-of-
mines and additional environmental damage incurred which had been off-set by a R46.0 million reduction in the provision resulting
from the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012. In fiscal 2012, an expense of R59.2 million (fiscal 2011: R52.6 million) including
the unwinding of the provision of R7.3 million (fiscal 2011: R9.4 million) was recorded in profit or loss.
A total of R106.3 million was invested in our various environmental trust funds as at the end of fiscal 2012, as compared
to R134.2 million for fiscal 2011. The decrease is attributable to the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012, which reduced the trust
funds by R35.1 million. The decrease was partially offset by an R8.3 million increase for interest received on the investment of
these funds during fiscal 2012. A total of R59.3 million was invested in funds held in insurance instruments to provide financial
guarantees to the DMR through an insurance cell captive company called, Guardrisk Cell Captive. The shortfall between the
invested funds and the estimated provisions is expected to be financed by ongoing contributions to the Guardrisk Cell Captive,
over the remaining production life of the respective mining operations, the proceeds on the disposal of remaining assets and gold
from plant clean-up.
Depreciation
Depreciation charges were R120.9 million for fiscal 2012 compared to R130.9 million for fiscal 2011. The decrease is
mainly attributable to the classification of Blyvoor as held-for-sale in accordance with IFRS 5 – Non-current Assets Held of Sale
and Discontinued Operations, on December 31, 2011, at which date depreciation ceased. This was followed by the disposal of
Blyvoor on June 1, 2012.
Retrenchment costs
Retrenchment costs increased to R43.7 million in fiscal 2012 from R0.8 million in fiscal 2011. In fiscal 2012, these costs
related to the closure of the Number 4 and 6 shafts at Blyvoor, resulting in the retrenchment of 1,542 employees.
Impairments
In fiscal 2012, an impairment amounting to R1.1 million was taken against the West Witwatersrand Gold Mines
Proprietary Limited rehabilitation trust fund, due to the disposal of the relating mining rights over the West Wits mining lease
area.
Administration expenses and general costs
The administration expenses and general costs increased in fiscal 2012 to R121.5 million from R88.1 million in fiscal
2011, an increase of R33.4 million. In fiscal 2012, administration expenses and general costs included a non-recurring cost of
approximately R9.6 million relating to the loss on the sale of property, plant and equipment. In fiscal 2011, administration
expenses and general costs included a non-recurring credit of approximately R5.7 million as a result of a decrease in the provision
for post-retirement medical benefits. Other than inflation-related increases, these were the main reasons for the year-on-year
increase.
Finance income
Finance income decreased from R52.8 million in fiscal 2011 to R33.4 million in fiscal 2012. The decrease was mainly
due to a non-recurring net gain on financial liabilities measured at amortized cost in fiscal 2011, amounting to R24.8 million.
Finance expenses
Finance expenses decreased from R22.0 million in fiscal 2011 to R17.7 million in fiscal 2012. The decrease was mainly
attributable to the unwinding of discount on financial liabilities measured at amortized cost, which decreased from R7.7 million in
fiscal 2011 to R0.7 million in fiscal 2012.
background image
66
Income tax
The net tax charge of R8.0 million for fiscal 2012 comprises a current taxation charge of R12.5 million, a deferred tax
credit of R9.0 million and secondary tax on companies amounting to R4.5 million. This compares to a net tax charge of
R32.2 million for fiscal 2011, which comprises a current taxation charge of R1.2 million, a deferred tax charge of R25.9 million
and secondary tax on companies amounting to R5.1 million. The year-on-year decrease in the net tax charge was mainly due to
recognition of a R26.9 million deferred tax asset attributable to Ergo Mining for tax losses previously not recognized.
5B. LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash flows from operating activities
Net cash of R502.3 million (fiscal 2012: R621.2 million and fiscal 2011: R324.0 million) was generated by operating
activities for fiscal 2013. During fiscal 2013, the net working capital movement represented an outflow of cash of R42.2 million,
compared to an inflow of R63.5 million in fiscal 2012 and an outflow of R3.3 million in fiscal 2011. Cash generated from operating
activities decreased largely due to the disposal of Blyvoor on June 1, 2012, which represented R137.1 million of the cash generated
from operating activities in fiscal 2012. Cash generated from operating activities in fiscal 2012 increased largely due to the 36%
increase in the average rand gold price, which resulted in a significant rise in the group’s revenue.
Cash flows from investing activities
Net cash utilized by investing activities amounted to R429.4 million in fiscal 2013 compared to R413.3 million in fiscal
2012 and R335.2 million in fiscal 2011.
In fiscal 2013, cash utilized by investing activities mainly consisted of R382.4 million in additions to property, plant and
equipment, R58.3 million in acquisition of investments and R22.5 million spent on environmental rehabilitation payments. In fiscal
2012, cash utilized by investing activities mainly consisted of R333.2 million in additions to property, plant and equipment,
R63.2 million in acquisitions of investments, and R19.8 million spent on environmental rehabilitation payments. In fiscal 2011, cash
utilized by investing activities mainly consisted of R317.3 million in additions to property, plant and equipment, of which R176.8
million related to the Crown/Ergo pipeline project. In addition, R22.6 million was spent on environmental trust funds and
rehabilitation payments.
Total capital expenditure (cash) for fiscal 2013 was R382.4 million. Capital expenditure was predominantly on the Flotation
and fine-grind project, Ore Reserve development, new infrastructure and new mining equipment at our operations. Significant capital
projects for fiscal 2013 included:
· Ergo spent R261.5 million on the flotation and fine-grind project, R11.7 million on the Brakpan tailings facility, R20.5
  million on the Cason high grade plant, R30.4 million on the Angelo Pan reclamation and pipeline, R26.3 million on
  infrastructure upgrades equipment, and R5.5 million on other equipment.
· The corporate head office had capital expenditure amounting to R13.5 million relating to the exploration in Zimbabwe.
Total capital expenditure (cash) for fiscal 2012 was R333.2 million. Capital expenditure was predominantly on the
Crown/Ergo pipeline project, Ore Reserve development, new infrastructure and new mining equipment at our operations. Significant
capital projects for fiscal 2012 included:
· Ergo spent R33.9 million on the Crown/Ergo pipeline project, R50.7 million on the extension of the Brakpan tailings
  facility, R15.5 million on the refurbishment of the Ergo plant, R38.5 million on the new floatation and fine-grind project,
  R49.0 million on infrastructure upgrades and equipment, R14.2 million on the tailings facilities and R16.1 million to
  replace old equipment and acquire new equipment.
· Blyvoor for opening up and development amounting to R50.3 million, equipment replacement amounting to R23.3 million
  and R9.3 million for other equipment and the tailings facilities.
background image
67
Total capital expenditure (cash) for fiscal 2011 was R317.3 million. Capital expenditure was predominantly on the
Crown/Ergo pipeline project, Ore Reserve development, new infrastructure and new mining equipment at our operations. Significant
capital projects for fiscal 2011 included:
· Ergo for construction, long-lead items relating to the Crown/Ergo pipeline project amounting to R119.7 million,
  construction, commissioning and refurbishment of the second CIL circuit amounting to R29.4 million, expansion of the
  tailing complex amounting to R27.7 million and for tailings deposition site maintenance R27.9 million.
· Blyvoor for opening up and development amounting to R57.2 million, equipment replacement amounting to R25.3 million
  and R13.2 million for other equipment and the tailings facilities.
We anticipate decreasing our capital expenditure in fiscal 2014 by about 58% compared to fiscal 2013. We expect to
incur R150.7 million on capital expenditure for mining equipment, upgrading of current metallurgical plants and tailings facilities
as follows:
· Ergo – R148.8 million; and
· Other – R1.9 million.
Cash flows from financing activities
Net cash inflow from financing activities was R5.7 million in fiscal 2013 compared to a net cash outflow of R168.6 million
in fiscal 2012 and the net cash inflow of R81.3 million in fiscal 2011.
During fiscal 2013, the net cash inflow consisted of R163.3 million raised through a Domestic Medium Term Note Program,
which has been offset by R30.7 million repayments of loans and borrowings, R24.1 million share option buy-out and a dividend
payment of R103.1 million.
During fiscal 2012, the net cash outflow consisted of R96.2 million for repayments of loans and borrowings, R58.2 million
for the acquisition of treasury shares and a dividend payment of R28.9 million, which were offset by proceeds of R13.5 million on
disposal of treasury shares.
During fiscal 2011, the net cash inflow consisted of R108.0 million raised through a Domestic Medium Term Note Program,
which had been offset by an R8.3 million repayment of borrowings and a dividend payment of R19.2 million.
Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents as at June 30, 2013 amounted to R377.2 million compared to R298.5 million in fiscal 2012 and
R259.1 million in fiscal 2011. This included $0.6 million as at June 30, 2013 compared to $1.1 million in fiscal 2012 and $2.5 million
in fiscal 2011, the remainder of the cash and cash equivalent balances were denominated in South African rand. Surplus cash is held
in low-risk, high interest bearing products with various large financial institutions.
Borrowings and funding
Borrowing and funding requirements are not seasonal and there are no legal or economic restrictions on the transfer of funds
from subsidiaries.
Our external sources of capital include the issuance of debt, bank borrowings, loan notes and the issuance of equity
securities, which include the following:
On October 1, 2010 EMO established a R500 million Domestic Medium Term Note Program, or DMTN Program, under
which it could from time to time issue notes. On October 1, 2010, EMO issued R108 million in notes under the DMTN Program
and maturity dates of 12 and 24 months from the date of issue and interest set at the three month JIBAR rate plus a margin ranging
from 4% to 5% per annum. The loan notes with a 12 month maturity, amounting to R78.0 million, were repaid on October 3,
2011. The remaining loan notes with a 24 month maturity, amounting to R30.0 million, were repaid on October 3, 2012. The
EMO DMTN Program was cancelled and has been replaced by the DRDGOLD DMTN Program below.
On July 2, 2012, DRDGOLD established a R2.0 billion DMTN Program under which it may from time to time issue
notes. This DMTN Program replaces the DMTN Program established by EMO on October 1, 2010. In July and September 2012,
DRDGOLD issued R165 million in notes under the DMTN Program and maturity dates of 12, 24 and 36 months from the date of
issue and bearing interest at the three month JIBAR rate plus a margin ranging from 4% to 5% per annum. The loan notes with a
12 month maturity, amounting to R54.0 million, are repayable on September 15, 2013. The remaining loan notes with a 24 and 36
month maturity, amounting to R66.0 million and R45.0 million, respectively, are repayable on July 3, 2014 and July 3, 2015,
respectively.
background image
68
Anticipated funding requirements and sources
At June 30, 2013, we had cash and cash equivalents of R377.2 million, and positive working capital (defined as current
assets less current liabilities) of R359.1 million, compared to cash and cash equivalents of R298.5 million and positive working
capital of R209.7 million at June 30, 2012 and cash and cash equivalents of R259.1 million and positive working capital of
R100.0 million at June 30, 2011. At September 30, 2013, our cash and cash equivalents were R331.3 million.
Our management believes that existing cash resources, net cash generated from operations and the availability of
negotiated funding facilities will be sufficient to meet our anticipated commitments for fiscal 2014 as described above.
Our estimated working capital, capital expenditure and other funding commitments, as well as our sources of liquidity,
would be adversely affected if:
· our operations fail to generate forecasted net cash flows from operations;
·
there is an adverse variation in the price of gold or foreign currency exchange rates in relation to the US dollar,
  particularly with respect to the rand; or
·
our operating results or financial condition are adversely affected by the uncertainties and variables facing our business
  discussed under Item 5A.: “Operating Results” or the risk factors described in Item 3D.: “Risk Factors.”
In such circumstances, we could have insufficient capital to meet our current obligations in the normal course of
business, which would have an adverse impact on our financial position and our ability to continue operating as a going concern.
We would need to reassess our operations, consider further restructuring and/or obtain additional debt or equity funding. There
can be no assurance that we will obtain this additional or any other funding on acceptable terms or at all.
5C. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, PATENTS AND LICENSES, ETC.
Currently and for the last three years the costs associated with our research and development is not significant and we have
no registered patents or licenses.
5D. TREND INFORMATION
During the first quarter of fiscal 2014, we produced 33,597 ounces at average cash cost of R373,433 per kilogram from our
operations. Gold production from our operations for the second quarter of fiscal 2014 is expected to be in line with the first quarter
results. Cash operating costs for the second quarter of fiscal 2014 are expected to be slightly lower due to winter tariffs for electricity
applying for two months of the first quarter of fiscal 2014.
For the full year fiscal 2014, we are expecting gold production from our operations of 140,000 to 150,000 ounces at cash
operating costs of approximately R350,000 per kilogram, based on an exchange rate assumption of approximately $1.00/R10.04. Our
ability to meet the full year’s production target could be impacted by, amongst other factors, lower grades, failure to achieve the
targets set at Ergo and failure to timely complete the flotation and fine-grind project. We are also subject to cost pressures due to
above inflation increases in labor costs, electricity and water prices; increases in crude oil, steel, unforeseen changes in ore grades and
recoveries; unexpected changes in the quality or quantity of reserves; technical production issues; environmental and industrial
accidents; gold theft; environmental factors; and pollution, which could adversely impact the cash operating costs for fiscal 2014.
5E. OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
The Company does not engage in off-balance sheet financing activities, and does not have any off-balance sheet debt
obligations, unconsolidated special purposes entities or unconsolidated affiliates.
background image
69
5F. TABULAR DISCLOSURE OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
Estimated and actual payments due by period
Total
Less than
1 year
Between
1-3 years
Between
3-5 years
More than 5
years
R’000
R’000
R’000
R’000
R’000
Loan notes (including interest) .............................................
188,841
28,142
160,699                -
-
Purchase obligations – contracted capital expenditure
1
........
12,460
12,460
               -
-
Environmental rehabilitation, reclamation and closure
costs
2
....................................................................................
524,322
24,570
    176,592
323,160
Operating leases ..................................................................
3,429
1,648
1,781                -
-
Total contractual cash obligations .................................
729,052
66,820
162,480     176,592
323,160
5G. SAFE
HARBOR
See “Special Note regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
ITEM 6. DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES
6A. DIRECTORS AND SENIOR MANAGEMENT
Directors and Executive Officers
Our board of directors may consist of not less than four and not more than twenty directors. As of June 30, 2013 and as of
June 30, 2012, our board consisted of six directors.
In accordance with JSE listing requirements and our Memorandum of Incorporation, or MOI, one third of the directors
comprising the board of directors, on a rotating basis, are subject to re-election at each annual general shareholders’ meeting.
Additionally, all directors are subject to election at the first annual general meeting following their appointment. Retiring directors
normally make themselves available for re-election.
The address of each of our Executive Directors and Non-Executive Directors is the address of our principal executive
offices.
Executive Directors
Daniël Johannes Pretorius (46) Chief Executive Officer. Mr. D.J. Pretorius was appointed as Chief Executive Officer
Designate on August 21, 2008. On January 1, 2009 he succeeded Mr. John William Cornelius Sayers as Chief Executive Officer. Mr.
Pretorius holds a B Proc, LLB degree and was appointed Group Legal counsel for the Company in September 2004, he was
appointed as Chief Executive Officer of Ergo Mining Operations in July 2006. He has 20 years of experience in the mining industry.
Craig Clinton Barnes (43) Chief Financial Officer. Mr. C.C. Barnes joined the Company in August 2004 as Group Financial
Accountant. A Chartered Accountant, he has a B Com degree from the University of the Witwatersrand, or Wits University, and a B
Com Honors degree from the University of South Africa, or Unisa. Prior to joining the Company, he was head of financial reporting
for Liberty Group Limited and he has over 19 years financial experience. He was appointed as Chief Financial Officer of Ergo
Mining Operations in July 2006 and as Chief Financial Officer of DRDGOLD in May 2008. Mr. C.C. Barnes has resigned as
executive director and Chief Financial Officer with effect January 1, 2014. The Company is in the process of selecting its new Chief
Financial Officer and an appropriate announcement will be made when the process is finalized.
1
Represents planned capital expenditure for which contractual obligations exist.
2
Operations of gold mining companies are subject to extensive environmental regulations in the various jurisdictions in which they operate. These
regulations establish certain conditions on the conduct of our operations. Pursuant to environmental regulations, we are also obliged to close our
operations and reclaim and rehabilitate the lands upon which we have conducted our mining and gold recovery operations. The estimated closure
costs at existing operating mines and mines in various stages of closure are reflected in this table. For more information on environmental
rehabilitation obligations, see Item 4D.: “Property, Plant and Equipment” and Note 17 “Provision for environmental rehabilitation, reclamation and
closure costs” under Item 18.: “Financial Statements”.
background image
70
Non-Executive Directors
Geoffrey Charles Campbell (52). Mr. G.C. Campbell was appointed as Non-Executive Director in 2002, as a Senior
Independent Non-Executive Director in December 2003 and as Non-Executive Chairman in October 2005. A qualified geologist, he
has worked on gold mines in Wales and Canada. He then spent 15 years first as a stockbroker and afterwards as a fund manager,
during which time he managed the Merrill Lynch Investment Manager’s Gold and General Fund, one of the largest gold mining
investment funds. He was also Research Director for Merrill Lynch Investment Managers. Mr. G.C. Campbell is also a director of
Oxford Abstracts.
Robert Peter Hume (73). Mr. R.P. Hume was appointed as a Non-Executive Director in 2001. He has 43 years experience in
the field of auditing, including 18 years as a partner in the East London (South Africa) office of KPMG. Since retiring from KPMG in
1999, he has been an Investment Manager at Nvest Securities Proprietary Limited (formerly Sasfin Frankel Pollak) in East London.
James Turk (66). Mr. J. Turk was appointed a Non-Executive Director in October 2004. He is the founder and a director of
GoldMoney Network Limited, formerly G.M. Network Limited (also known as GoldMoney.com), the operator of a digital gold
currency payment system. Since graduating from George Washington University with a BA degree in International Economics in
1969, he has specialized in international banking, finance and investments. After starting his career with Chase Manhattan Bank (now
J.P. Morgan Chase) he joined RTB Inc., a private investment and trading company of a prominent precious metals trader in 1980. He
moved to the United Arab Emirates in 1983 as Manager of the Commodity Department of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority.
Since resigning from this position in 1987, he has written frequently on money and banking.
Edmund Jeneker (51). Mr. E.A. Jeneker (IEDP (Wits), M.Inst.D., SAIPA,) was appointed a Non-Executive Director on
November 1, 2007. He trained as an accountant and has over 22 years’ experience in finance, taxation, business strategy and
general management at Grant Thornton, SwissReSA, World Bank Competitiveness Fund and Deloitte. He is active in community
development and serves as a member of the Provincial Development Commission of the Western Cape Provincial Government.
He currently holds the position of Managing Director – Absa AllPay Consolidated Investment Holdings at Absa Group Limited.
Senior Management
Wilhelm Jacobus Schoeman (39) Executive Officer Business Development. Mr. W.J. Schoeman (Dip Analytical Chemistry,
BTech Analytical Chemistry) joined DRDGOLD on October 1, 2011 to focus on expanding the group’s surface retreatment business
and extracting maximum value from existing resources. He also has a chief executive role at Western Utilities (which recently listed
on the JSE AltX as Mine Restoration Investments).
David Johannes Botes (56) Group Risk Manager. Mr. D.J. Botes (Dip Comm, HDip Tax) joined DRDGOLD on
September 7, 1988 as Group Financial Manager. He was appointed Group Risk Manager on February 1, 2003. He has 30 years of
financial management experience.
Jacob Hendrik Dissel (55) Group Financial Manager. Mr. J.H. Dissel (B Comm Hons) joined DRDGOLD as Group
Financial Manager in October 1999. He has 30 years experience in the mining industry.
Themba John Gwebu (49) Executive Officer: Legal, Compliance and Company Secretary. Mr. T.J. Gwebu (B Iuris, LLB,
LLM) is a qualified attorney who worked as a magistrate prior to joining the Company in April 2004 as Assistant Legal Advisor. He
was appointed to the position of Company Secretary in April 2005 and Executive Officer: Legal, Compliance and Company
Secretary on January 1, 2007.
Henry Gouws (44) Managing Director: Ergo. Mr. H. Gouws graduated from Technicon Witwatersrand and obtained a
National Higher Diploma in Extraction Metallurgy in 1991. He completed a MDP in 2003 through Unisa School of Business
Leadership. He was appointed Operations Manager of Crown in January 2006 and General Manager in July 2006. He was appointed
to this current position with effect from October 1, 2011. He has 26 years experience in the mining industry.
Mark Burrell (51) Financial Director: Ergo. Mr. M. Burrell holds a BComm Accounting degree and completed a
Management Development Programme. Mr. M. Burrell joined DRDGOLD in 2004 on a consulting basis and later that year was
appointed as Financial Manager of the Blyvooruitzicht operation. He was appointed as Financial Director of Ergo Mining in January
2012 and has 15 years experience in the mining sector.
Kevin Peter Kruger (45) Technical Director: Ergo. Mr. K.P. Kruger holds a BSc degree in mechanical engineering from
Wits University and joined the Company in 1994. Previously the Engineering Manager at the Company’s North West Operations and
Managing Director at Chizim Gold, he was appointed to his current position with effect from September 1, 2013.
Charles Methley Symons (59) Chief Operating Officer. Mr. C.M. Symons commenced his career in the mining industry in
February 1977 and joined Crown in January 1986 where he was appointed General Manager in 1995. He holds a Masters degree in
Business Leadership and a B Comm degree from Unisa, and he also has a National Diploma in Extractive Metallurgy. He was
appointed Executive Officer: Surface Operations on January 1, 2008, Executive Officer: Operations on May 11, 2010 and Chief
Operating Officer with effect from October 1, 2011.
background image
71
Martin Bruce Ebell (55) Manager Metallurgical Technical Services. Mr. M.B. Ebell joined the Company in 2008 as
Manager Metallurgical Technical Services. He was previously employed by Bateman Minerals and Metals, Alex Steward Assayers,
Dowding Reynard and Associates, Millsell/Henry Gould and Rand Mines, and has 32 years of experience in the field of extractive
metallurgy in various managerial, consulting and project engineering positions. He is registered professional engineer and a member
of SAIMM and MMMA and holds a MEng (MEM) USA, BSc (Eng) Minerals Processing, B Comm degrees and a MDP certificate.
Barry Gordon de Blocq (51) General Manager Corporate Services. Mr. de Blocq joined DRDGOLD in September 1998
from AngloGold, where he was Divisional Industrial Relations Manager. He holds a B Soc Sc, degree and was promoted to his
current position on January 1, 2010. He has 26 years experience in the mining industry.
Reneiloe Masemene (32) Senior Legal Advisor. Ms R Masemene (LLB, LLM) is a qualified attorney who joined the
Company in January 2009 as Legal Advisor. She was appointed to the position of Senior Legal Advisor in October 2011 and
Prescribed Officer of Ergo on June 29, 2012.
There are no family relationships between any of our executive officers or directors. There are no arrangements or
understandings between any of our directors or executive officers and any other person by which any of our directors or executive
officers has been so elected or appointed.
6B. COMPENSATION
Our MOI provide that the directors' fees should be determined from time to time in a general meeting or by a quorum of
Non-Executive Directors. The total amount of directors' remuneration paid and or accrued for the year ended June 30, 2013 was
R21.6 million. Non-Executive Directors receive the following fees:
· Base fee as Non-Executive Chairman of R1,212,892 per annum;
· Base fee as Non-Executive Directors of R539,063 per annum;
· Annual fee for Audit Committee Chairman of R53,908;
· Annual fee for Audit Committee member of R26,954;
· Annual fee for Nominations Committee Chairman of R20,216;
· Annual fee for Nominations Committee member of R10,108;
· Annual fee for the chairman of Remuneration Committee, Risk Committee, and Social and Ethics Committee of R40,430;
· Annual fee for members of Remuneration Committee, Risk Committee and Social and Ethics Committee of R20,216 each;
· Daily fee of R20,216 and hourly rate of R2,695;
· Half-day fee for participating by telephone in special board meetings; and
· The Chairman of the board to receive committee fees.
Non-executive directors’ fees are adjusted annually on the basis of the consumer price index.
background image
72
The following table sets forth the compensation for our directors and prescribed officers for the year ended June 30, 2013:
Directors
Basic
salary/board
fees
(R'000)
Retirement fund
contributions/
bonus and
performance
related
payments
(R'000)
Share option
scheme
gains
(R'000)
Total
(R'000)
Executive
D.J. Pretorius .....................................................
4,664
4,238
2,423
11,325
C.C. Barnes ........................................................
3,367
931
2,505
6,803
Subtotal ...........................................................
8,031
5,169
4,928             18,128
Non-Executive
G.C. Campbell ...................................................
1,348
-
4
1,352
R. Hume ............................................................
703
-
5
708
J. Turk ..............................................................
647
-
-
647
E.A. Jeneker
729
-
-
729
Subtotal ...........................................................
3,427
-
              3,436
Prescribed officers
1
C.M. Symons .....................................................
2,209
1,571
2,043
5,823
T.J. Gwebu…………………………………………….
W.J. Schoeman…………………………….
.............
2,075
2,830
1,181
1,340
1,132
389
4,388
4,559
Subtotal ............................................................
7,114
4,092
3,564             14,770
Total ..................................................................
18,572
9,261
8,501             36,334
See also Item 6E.: “Share Ownership” for details of share options held by directors.
Compensation of senior management
Our senior management comprises of executive directors, prescribed officers and executive officers. Under the JSE
Listing Rules we are not required to, and we do not otherwise, disclose compensation paid to individual senior managers other
than executive directors, non-executive directors and prescribed officers. However, the aggregate compensation paid to senior
management, excluding compensation paid to Executive Directors, in fiscal 2013 was R26.4 million (fiscal 2012: R22.4 million),
representing eleven executive officers in fiscal 2013 and nine executive officers in fiscal 2012.
Bonuses or incentives are paid based upon performance against predetermined key performance indicators. Should an
Executive Director meet all the targets set in terms of such predetermined key performance indicators, he will be entitled to a bonus
of up to 50%, 75% or 100% of his remuneration package, depending on his particular agreement. Should an Executive Director not
meet all the targets set in terms of the predetermined key performance indicators, he will be entitled to a lesser bonus as determined
by the Remuneration Committee in its discretion.
Service Agreements
Service contracts negotiated with each executive and non-executive director incorporate their terms and conditions of
employment and are approved by our Remuneration Committee.
The Company’s executive directors, Mr. D.J. Pretorius and Mr. C.C. Barnes, entered into agreements of employment
with us, on January 1, 2009 and May 5, 2008, respectively. Mr. C.C. Barnes’ service contract has been renewed for another three
years, effective from May 5, 2011, by our Remuneration Committee at a meeting held in August 2011. Mr. C.C. Barnes has
resigned with effect of January 1, 2014. Mr. D.J. Pretorius’s service contract has been renewed for another three years, effective
January 1, 2012, by our Remuneration Committee at a meeting held in February 2012. These agreements regulate the employment
relationship with Messrs. D.J. Pretorius and C.C. Barnes.
1
The Companies Act, 2008 (Act 71 of 2008), under section 30, requires the remuneration of prescribed officers, as defined in regulation 38 of
Company Regulations 2008, to be disclosed with that of directors of the Company. A person is a prescribed officer if they have general
executive authority over the company, general responsibility for the financial management or management of legal affairs, general managerial
authority over the operations of the company or directly or indirectly exercise or significantly influence the exercise of control over the general
management and administration of the whole or a significant portion of the business and activities of the company.
background image
73
Mr. D.J. Pretorius receives from us a remuneration package of R4.7 million per annum. Mr. D.J. Pretorius is eligible
under his employment agreement, for an incentive bonus of up to 100% of his annual remuneration package in respect of one
bonus cycle per annum over the duration of his appointment, on condition that DRDGOLD achieves certain key performance
indicators. In addition, Mr. D.J. Pretorius’ employment agreement requires DRDGOLD to issue to Mr. D.J. Pretorius 100,000
ordinary DRDGOLD shares as a mining right conversion bonus. DRDGOLD issued 50,000 of these shares on the signing of the
agreement, while the remaining tranche of the conversion of mining rights bonus of 50,000 shares will become due on the date
that the conversion of mining rights of DRDGOLD’s South African operations is completed.
Mr. C.C. Barnes receives from us a remuneration package of R3.4 million per annum. Mr. C.C. Barnes is eligible under
his employment agreement, for an incentive bonus of up to 75% of his annual remuneration package in respect of one bonus cycle
per annum over the duration of his appointment, on condition that DRDGOLD achieves certain key performance indicators. As a
further consideration for agreeing to remain in the employment of the Company, the Company issues Mr. C.C. Barnes with, up to
50% of his annual remuneration package, in share options in DRDGOLD Limited, calculated in accordance with DRDGOLD’s
share option scheme rules and principals, on an annual basis.
Each service agreement with our directors provides for the provision of benefits to the director where the agreement is
terminated by us in the case of our executive officers, except where terminated as a result of certain action on the part of the director,
or upon the director reaching a certain age, or by the director upon the occurrence of a change of control of us. A termination of a
director's employment upon the occurrence of a change of control of us is referred to as an “eligible termination.” Upon an eligible
termination, the director is entitled to receive a payment equal to at least one year's salary or fees, but not more than three years salary
for Executive Directors or two years fees for Non-Executive Directors, depending on the period of time that the director has been
employed.
Messrs. R.P. Hume, J. Turk and E.A. Jeneker each have service agreements which run for fixed periods until
September 30, 2014, October 31, 2014, and October 31, 2013 respectively. After expiration of the initial two year periods, the
agreements continue indefinitely until terminated by either party on not less than three months prior written notice. Mr. G.C.
Campbell has a service agreement which continues indefinitely until terminated by either party on not less than three months prior
written notice.
The Company does not administer any pension, retirement or any other similar scheme in which the directors receive a
benefit.
6C. BOARD PRACTICES
Board of Directors
As at September 30, 2013, the board of directors comprises two Executive Directors (Mr. D.J. Pretorius and
Mr. C.C. Barnes), and four Non-Executive Directors (Messrs. G.C. Campbell, R.P. Hume, J. Turk and E.A. Jeneker). The Non-
Executive Directors are independent under the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, requirements (as affirmatively determined
by the Board of Directors) and the South African King III Report, or the King III Report.
In accordance with the King III Report on corporate governance, as encompassed in the JSE Listings Requirements, and
in accordance with the United Kingdom Combined Code, the responsibilities of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer are
separate. Mr. G.C. Campbell is the Non-Executive Chairman, Mr. D.J. Pretorius is the Chief Executive Officer and Mr. C.C.
Barnes is the Chief Financial Officer. The board has established a nominations committee, and it is our policy for details of a
prospective candidate to be distributed to all directors for formal consideration at a full meeting of the board. A prospective
candidate would be invited to attend a meeting and be interviewed before any decision is taken. In compliance with the NYSE
rules a majority of independent directors will select or recommend director nominees.
The board’s main roles are to create value for shareholders, to provide leadership of the Company, to approve the
Company’s strategic objectives and to ensure that the necessary financial and other resources are made available to management
to enable them to meet those objectives. The board retains full and effective control over the Company, meeting on a quarterly
basis with additional ad hoc meetings being arranged when necessary, to review strategy and planning and operational and
financial performance. The board further authorizes acquisitions and disposals, major capital expenditure, stakeholder
communication and other material matters reserved for its consideration and decision under its terms of reference. The board also
approves the annual budgets for the various operational units.
The board is responsible for monitoring the activities of executive management within the company and ensuring that
decisions on material matters are referred to the board. The board approves all the terms of reference for the various
subcommittees of the board, including special committees tasked to deal with specific issues. Only the executive directors are
involved with the day-to-day management of the Company.
background image
74
To assist new directors, an induction program has been established by the Company, which includes background
materials, meetings with senior management, presentations by the Company’s advisors and site visits. The directors are assessed
annually, both individually and as a board, as part of an evaluation process, which is driven by an independent consultant. In
addition, the Remuneration and Nominations Committees formally evaluate the executive directors on an annual basis, based on
objective criteria.
All directors, in accordance with the Company’s MOI, are subject to retirement by rotation and re-election by
shareholders. In addition, all directors are subject to election by shareholders at the first annual general meeting following their
appointment by directors. The appointment of new directors is approved by the board as a whole. The names of the directors
submitted for re-election are accompanied by sufficient biographical details in the notice of the forthcoming annual general
meeting to enable shareholders to make an informed decision in respect of their re-election.
All directors have access to the advice and services of the Company Secretary, who is responsible to the board for
ensuring compliance with procedures and regulations of a statutory nature. Directors are entitled to seek independent professional
advice concerning the affairs of the Company at the Company’s expense, should they believe that course of action would be in the
best interest of the Company.
Two of the Non-Executive Directors (Messrs. G.C. Campbell and R.P. Hume) had share options under the Company’s
share option scheme of which the remaining balance were bought out during the year by the Company through a general share
option buy-out. We do not believe that this compromised their independence. No new share options have been issued to Non-
Executive Directors since June 2005.
Board meetings are held quarterly in South Africa and abroad. The structure and timing of the Company’s board
meetings, which are scheduled over two or three days, allows adequate time for the Non-Executive Directors to interact without
the presence of the Executive Directors. The board meetings include the meeting of the Risk Committee, Audit Committee,
Remuneration Committee, Nominations Committee and Social and Ethics Committee which act as subcommittees to the board.
Each subcommittee is chaired by one of the Independent Non-Executive Directors, except for the Risk Committee which is
chaired by the Chief Executive Officer, each of which provides a formal report back to the board. Each subcommittee meets for
approximately half a day. Certain senior members of staff are invited to attend the subcommittee meetings.
The board sets the standards and values of the Company and much of this has been embodied in the Company’s Code of
Ethics and Conduct, a copy of which is available on our website at www.drdgold.com. The Code of Ethics and Conduct applies to
all directors, officers and employees, including the principal executive, financial and accounting officers, in accordance with
Section 406 of the US Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, the related US securities laws and the NYSE rules. The Code contains
provisions under which employees can report violations of Company policy or any applicable law, rule or regulation, including
US securities laws.
A description of the significant ways in which our corporate governance practices differ from practices followed by U.S.
companies listed on the NYSE can be found in Item 16G. “Corporate Governance”.
Directors' Terms of Service
The following table shows the date of appointment, expiration of term and number of years of service with us of each of the
directors as at June 30, 2013:
Director
Title
Year first
appointed
Term of
current
office
Unexpired
term of
current office
G.C. Campbell
Non-Executive Director
2002
2 years
4 months
D.J. Pretorius
1
Chief Executive Officer
2008
3 years
18 months
C.C. Barnes
2
Chief Financial Officer
2008
3 years
10 months
R.P. Hume
Non-Executive Director
2001
2 years
15 months
E.A. Jeneker
Non-Executive Director
2007
2 years
4 months
J. Turk
Non-Executive Director
2004
2 years
16 months
¹Mr. D.J. Pretorius’s service contract has been renewed for another three years, effective January 1, 2012, in the Remuneration Committee meeting held in
February 2012.
2
Mr. C.C. Barnes’ service contract has been renewed for another three years, effective from May 5, 2011 in the Remuneration Committee meeting held in August 2011.
Mr. C.C. Barnes resigned as Chief Financial Officer with effect January 1, 2014.
background image
75
Executive Committee
As at June 30, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the Executive Committee consisted of Mr. D.J. Pretorius (Chairman), Mr.
C.C. Barnes, Mr. C.M. Symons, Mr W.J. Schoeman and Mr. T.J. Gwebu.
The Executive Committee meets on a weekly basis to review current operations, develop strategy and policy proposals for
consideration by the board of directors. Members of the Executive Committee, who are unable to attend the meetings in person, are
able to participate via teleconference facilities, to allow participation in the discussion and conclusions reached.
Board Committees
The board has established a number of standing committees to enable it to properly discharge its duties and
responsibilities and to effectively fulfill its decision-making process. Each committee acts within written terms of reference which
have been approved by the board and under which specific functions of the board are delegated. The terms of reference for all
committees can be obtained by application to the Company Secretary at the Company’s registered office. Each committee has
defined purposes, membership requirements, duties and reporting procedures. Minutes of the meetings of these committees are
circulated to the members of the committees and made available to the board. Remuneration of Non-Executive Directors for their
services on the committees concerned is determined by the board. The committees are subject to regular evaluation by the board
with respect to their performance and effectiveness.
The following information reflects the composition and activities of these committees.
Committees of the Board of Directors
Remuneration Committee
As at June 30, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the Remuneration Committee consisted of Mr. E.A. Jeneker (Chairman), Mr.
G.C. Campbell, Mr. R.P. Hume and Mr. J. Turk.
The Remuneration Committee, which is comprised of Non-Executive Directors, has been appointed by the board of
directors. The committee meets quarterly, but may meet more often on an ad hoc basis if required. The Remuneration Committee
is governed by its terms of reference and is responsible for approving the remuneration policies of the Company, the terms and
conditions of employment, and the eligibility and performance measures of the DRDGOLD Phantom Share Scheme and
DRDGOLD (1996) Share Option Scheme applicable to executive directors and senior management.
The committee’s objective is to evaluate and recommend to the board competitive packages which will attract and retain
executives of the highest caliber and encourage and reward superior performance. The committee also aims to ensure that criteria
are in place to measure individual performance. The committee approves the performance-based bonuses of the executive
directors based on such criteria. The General Manager Corporate Services provides the committee with access to comparative
industry surveys, which assist in formulating remuneration policies. As and when required the committee may also engage the
services of independent consultants to evaluate and review remuneration policies and related issues and brief members on
pertinent issues. The committee has in the past year engaged the services of such consultants to review the employment contracts
of the executive directors.
The remuneration policy, relating to the remuneration of directors and senior executives, is based on a reward system
comprising four principal elements:
· Basic remuneration, as benchmarked against industry norms;
· Bonuses or incentives, which are measured against agreed outcomes or Key Performance Indicators, or KPIs;
· Short-term rewards for exceptional performance; and
· Long-term retention of key employees based on scarcity of skill and strategic value, using phantom share options granted
  under the DRDGOLD Phantom Share Scheme.
A copy of the policy is available by application to the Company Secretary at the Company’s registered office.
Nominations Committee
The board resolved to separate the Nominations Committee from the Remunerations Committee. The Nominations
Committee is chaired by the Chairman of the board, Mr. G.C. Campbell. The terms of reference were approved in August 2008.
Its duties include:
background image
76
· making recommendations to the board on the appointment of new Executive and Non-Executive directors, including
  making recommendations on the composition of the board generally and the balance between Executive and Non-
  Executive directors appointed to the board;
· regular reviewing of the board structure, size and composition and making recommendations to the board with regard to
  any adjustments that are deemed necessary;
· identifying and nominating candidates for the approval of the board to fill board vacancies as and when they arise as well
  as putting in place plans for succession, in particular for the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer; and
· making recommendations on directors who are retiring by rotation to be put forward for re-election.
As at June 30, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the members of the Nominations Committee consisted of Mr. G.C. Campbell
(Chairman) and Mr. R.P. Hume.
Audit and Risk Committees
On February 11, 2005, the Audit and Risk Committees started conducting joint meetings in respect of the quarterly
meetings. The members meet and the business of each committee is handled in joint deliberations taking place on the issues
raised. The Audit Committee is chaired by Mr. R.P. Hume and the Risk Committee by Mr. D.J. Pretorius. The reason for the joint
sittings is that there is a great deal of overlap between the financial risks discussed at Audit Committee level and at Risk
Committee level. The joint sittings of the Committees bring about better disclosure and ensure that the Company conforms more
closely to the process prescribed by the US Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Audit Committee
As at June 30, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the Audit Committee consisted of Mr. R.P. Hume (Chairman), Mr. J. Turk and
Mr. E.A. Jeneker.
The Audit Committee is comprised solely of Non-Executive Directors, all of whom are independent. See Item 16G.:
“Corporate Governance”. The primary responsibilities of the Audit Committee, as set out in the Audit Committee charter, is to
assist the board in carrying out its duties relating to accounting policies, internal financial control, financial reporting practices and
the preparation of accurate financial reporting and financial statements in compliance with all applicable legal requirements and
accounting standards. A copy of the charter is available by application to the Company Secretary at the Company’s registered
office.
The Audit Committee meets quarterly with the external auditors, the Company’s internal audit practitioner, the Chief
Financial Officer and the Internal Audit and Compliance Manager to review the audit plans of the internal auditors, to ascertain
the extent to which the scope of the internal audits can be relied upon to detect weaknesses in the internal controls and to review
the annual and interim financial statements prior to approval by the board. The Audit Committee reviews our annual results, the
effectiveness of our system of internal financial controls, internal audit procedures and legal and regulatory compliance. The
committee also reviews the scope of work carried out by our internal auditors and holds regular discussions with the external
auditors and internal auditors.
The committee appoints, re-appoints and removes the external auditors and approves the remuneration and terms of
engagement of the external auditors. The committee is required to pre-approve, and has pre-approved, non-audit services provided
by our external auditors. The Company’s external audit function is currently being undertaken by KPMG Inc.
The Company’s internal and external auditors have unrestricted access to the chairman of the Audit Committee and,
where necessary, to the Chairman of the board and Chief Executive Officer. All important findings arising from audit procedures
are brought to the attention of the committee and, if necessary, to the board.
Risk Committee
As at June 30, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the Risk Committee consisted of Mr. D.J. Pretorius (Chairman), Mr. J. Turk,
Mr. G.C. Campbell, Mr. E.A. Jeneker, Mr. R.P. Hume and Mr. C.C. Barnes.
The Risk Committee was established in January 2004 and currently comprises four Non-Executive Directors and two
Executive Directors. Its overall objective is to assist the board in its duties relating to risk management and control
responsibilities, assurance issues, health, safety and environmental compliance, and the monitoring and reporting of all these
matters. The Risk Committee facilitates communication between the board, the Audit Committee, internal auditors and other
parties engaged in risk management activities. The terms of reference of the Risk Committee can be obtained by application to the
Company Secretary at the Company’s registered office.
background image
77
The Risk Committee’s role is to ensure that:
· an effective risk management program is implemented and maintained;
· risk management awareness is promoted amongst all employees;
· risk programs (financing/insurance) adequately protect the Company against catastrophic risks;
· regular risk assessments are conducted;
· total cost of risk in the long term is reduced;
· the protection of the Group's assets is promoted throughout the Group;
· the health and safety and well being of all stakeholders is improved; and
· the Company’s activities are carried out in such a way so as to ensure the safety and health of employees.
The Risk Committee meets quarterly and reports to the board. Additional ad hoc meetings may be arranged as and when
required. Certain members of executive management are occasionally invited to attend Risk Committee meetings, such as the
Internal Audit and Compliance Manager, the Group Risk Manager, the Group Financial Manager, the Operational Managers and
the Group Legal Counsel.
The system to manage risk involves all significant business and operational risks which could undermine the
achievement of business objectives and undermine the preservation of shareholder value. The significant risks facing the Group
including those at operations have been identified and have been included in Item 3D.: “Risk factors.” Individuals have been
appointed to address each risk and the results thereof are reviewed by senior management through regular risk meetings. The aim
of the internal control systems is for management to provide reasonable assurance that the objectives will be met. In addition to
the above initiatives the Group also employs third party consultants to benchmark our operations against other mining operations
throughout South Africa and worldwide.
An important aspect of risk management is the transfer of risk to third parties to protect the Company from any major
disaster. We have embarked on a program to ensure that our major assets and potential business interruption and liability claims
are covered by group insurance policies that encompass our operations. The majority of the cover is through reputable insurance
companies in London and continental Europe and the insurance programs are renewed on an annual basis. A cell captive
insurance company has been established to enable further reduction in annual insurance premiums.
Social and Ethics Committee
As at June 30, 2013 and September 30, 2013, the Social and Ethics Committee consisted of Mr. E.A. Jeneker (Chairman),
Mr. D.J. Pretorius and Mr. C.C. Barnes.
The board, taking into account that all the group’s operations are based in South Africa and in order to achieve the triple
bottom line espoused in the King III Report and in order to reach the empowerment goal to which it is committed, establishing a
committee, the focus of which will be transformation and sustainable development. The terms of reference were approved by the
board at the August 2008 meeting. The board resolved to convert the Transformation and Sustainable Development Committee
into the Social and Ethics Committee which the Company is required to set up in terms of the Companies Act, 2008 of South
Africa. The objectives of this committee are:
· promoting transformation within the company and the economic empowerment of previously disadvantaged
  communities, particularly within areas where the company conducts business;
· striving towards achieving the goal of equality as the South African constitution and other legislation require within the
  context of the demographics of the country at all levels of the company and its subsidiaries; and
· conducting business in a manner which is conducive to internationally acceptable environmental and sustainability
  standards.
6D. EMPLOYEES
Employees
The geographic breakdown of our employees (including specialized service providers who are contracted employees
employed by third parties), was as follows at the end of each of the past three fiscal years:
Year ended June 30
2013
2012
2011
South Africa ..............................................................................................................................................
2,752     2,222
6,875
The total number of employees at June 30, 2013, of 2,752 comprises 1,740 specialized service providers and 1,012
employees who are directly employed by us and our subsidiary companies. As of September 30, 2013, we had 2,443 employees
(including 1,441 contract employees). The increase in the number of employees in fiscal 2013 is mainly due to the introduction of the
flotation and fine-grind circuit at Ergo.
background image
78
As of June 30, 2013, the breakdown of our employees by main categories of activity for the periods below was as follows:
Year ended June 30,
Category of Activity
2013
2012
2011
Mining - Our Employees ....................................................................................................................
71             30
2,719
Mining - Specialized service providers.................................................................................................
1,740        1,430
1,715
Engineering ........................................................................................................................................
427           311
1,164
Metallurgy .........................................................................................................................................
311           318
687
Mineral Resources ..............................................................................................................................
            10
92
Administration ..................................................................................................................................
129             70
134
Environmental ..................................................................................................................................
              9
71
Human Resources ..............................................................................................................................
50             15
245
Medical and Safety ............................................................................................................................
11             29
48
Total ................................................................................................................................................
2,752        2,222
6,875
Labor Relations
As at June 30, 2013, we employed and contracted 2,752 people in South Africa. Approximately 61% of our South African
employees are members of trade unions or employee associations. South Africa's labor relations environment remains a platform for
social reform. The National Union of Mineworkers, or NUM, the main South African mining industry union, is influential in the
tripartite alliance between the ruling African National Congress, the Congress of South African Trade Unions, or COSATU, and the
South African Communist Party as it is the biggest affiliate of COSATU. The relationship between management and labor unions
remains cordial. The DRDGOLD and NUM coordinating forum meets regularly to discuss matters pertinent to both parties at a EMO
level, while operations level forums continue to deal with local matters.
In October 2013, the NUM rejected the company’s offer of a 8.0% increase for categories 4 -5 and a 7.5% increase for
categories 6 – 15 for Ergo and ERPM. The NUM also rejected the 10% increases in the living out allowances for fiscal 2013 and
fiscal 2014. The NUM was granted strike certificates in respect of the two operations and strike action started with the morning
shift on Tuesday, October 8, 2013.
On October 9, 2013, Ergo and ERPM signed a two year wage settlement agreement with effect from July 1, 2013, with
NUM and UASA, which provides for average annual compensation increases in year one of 10% for categories 4 – 5, 9% for
categories 6 – 7 and 8% for categories 8 – 15; and in year two 8% for categories 4 – 5 and 7.5% for categories 6 – 15.
The Company is placing a greater emphasis on its Corporate Social Responsibility by becoming increasingly involved in
appropriate projects that give effect to the ideals of the Mining Charter and good corporate governance. We recognize the need for
transformation and have put structures in place to address this at both management and board level.
By statute we are required to pay each employee who is dismissed for reasons based on the operational requirements of
our operations, a severance package of not less than one week’s remuneration for every completed year of service. In specific
agreements with organized labor we undertook, as in the past, to pay packages equal to two weeks basic pay for every completed
year of service as part of a balancing compromise with the labor unions between the high additional costs of non-financial items
and incentive payments (which are deemed part of remuneration), and an additional one week benefit based on basic pay. These
employees were provided with counseling services and the opportunity to undergo skills training to be able to find employment
outside the mining industry.
AIDS represents a very serious threat to us and the gold mining industry as a whole in terms of the potential reduced
productivity and increased medical costs. The exact extent of infection in our workforce is not known at present, although it is
roughly estimated by the industry that the prevalence of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, in the South African industry is
currently approximately 30% to 35%. We have several AIDS awareness campaigns in place at our operations.
background image
79
Safety statistics
Due to the importance of our labor force, we continuously strive to create a safe and healthy working environment. The
following are our 2013 overall safety statistics for our operations:
(Per million man hours)
Year ended June 30,
2013
2012
Lost time injury frequency rate (LTIFR)
1
...............................................................................................
4.35                    15.09
Reportable incidence
1
.............................................................................................................................
1.69                      4.48
Fatalities
1
................................................................................................................................................
0.00                      0.05
Number of fatalities (average per month) ................................................................................................
0.00                      0.08
6E. SHARE OWNERSHIP
As of September 30, 2013, options to purchase ordinary shares held by directors were as follows:
Directors
Options at
June 30,
2012
Average
strike
price
(R)
Options
bought back
during the
year
Average
Gain on
buy
back
(R)
Options
lapsed
during
the
year
Options at
September
30,
2013
Average
Strike
price
(R)
Expiration
Dates
2
Non-Executive
G.C. Campbell ....
.....
37,994
19.74
(29,394)
0.14
(8,600)
-
-
R.P. Hume ...............
39,157
19.93
(28,457)
0.19    (10,700)
-
-
Executive
C.C. Barnes .............
1,453,667
4.84
(1,219,163)
2.05
-
234,504
4.56   10/18/2015
-
11/02/2016
D.J. Pretorius ..........
1,283,486
6.19
(1,283,486)
1.89
-
-
-
Prescribed
Officers
C.M. Symons ..........
1,282,976
5.44
(1,064,626)
1.92
(6,300)
212,050
4.84   10/18/2015
-
11/02/2016
T.J. Gwebu ..............
958,158
5.01
(765,508)
1.85
-
192,650
4.68   10/18/2015
-
11/02/2016
W.J Schoeman ........
396,700
5.12
(198,350)
1.96
-
198,350
5.12     2/11/2016
Each option is representative of a right to acquire one ordinary share at a predetermined exercise price.
Closed periods apply to share trading by directors and other employees, whenever certain employees of the Company
become or could potentially become aware of material price sensitive information, such as information relating to an acquisition,
quarterly results etc., which is not in the public domain. When these employees have access to this information an embargo is
placed on share trading for those individuals concerned. The embargo need not involve the entire Company in the case of an
acquisition and may only apply to the board of directors, executive committee, and the financial and new business teams, but in
the case of quarterly results the closed-period is group-wide.
Under the listings requirements of the JSE, we are not required to disclose, and we do not otherwise disclose or ascertain,
share ownership of individual officers in our share capital. However, to the best of our knowledge, we believe that our ordinary
shares held by executive officers, in aggregate, do not exceed one percent of the Company’s issued ordinary share capital. For details
of share ownership of directors and prescribed officers see Item 7A.: “Major Shareholders.”
1
Calculated as follows: actual number of instances divided by the total number of man hours worked multiplied by one million.
2
Certain Directors hold options which expire at various times. For those directors, a range is provided indicating the earliest and latest expiration
dates.
background image
80
DRDGOLD (1996) Share Option Scheme, or the Scheme
We operate a securities option plan as an incentive tool for our Executive Directors and senior employees whose skills and
experience are recognized as being essential to the Company’s performance. Two of our Non-Executive Directors (Messrs.
G.C. Campbell and R.P. Hume) had share options under the Scheme which has all been bought out by the Company through a
general buy-out; no new share options have been issued to Non-Executive Directors since December 2004. In compliance with JSE
Listing Requirements, options awarded to an individual employee are subject to a cumulative upper limit of 2.0 million options,
which is lower than the previous 2% of the Company’s issued share capital. In addition, a maximum of 40.0 million options are
available for utilization under the share option scheme, which is lower than the previous 15% of the issued ordinary shares. As at
September 30, 2013, the number of issued and exercisable share options was approximately 0.93% of our issued ordinary share
capital, representing 3.6 million share options. In November 2012 the Remuneration Committee suspended the share option
scheme and approved a share buyback. A general offer was made to all participant of the Scheme to buy-back all vested share
options as part of the transition to the new DRDGOLD Phantom Share Scheme. Not all share options were bought back and at June
30, 2013, 715,378 vested share options remained outstanding. The participants in the Scheme are fully taxed based on individual
tax directives obtained from the South African Revenue Service on any gains realized on the exercise of share options.
The price at which an option may be granted will be, in respect of each share which is the subject of the option, the volume
weighted average price of a share on the JSE for the seven days on which the JSE is open for trading, preceding the day on which the
employee is granted the option. The allocation date will be the date when the directors approve allocation of share options. Each
option remains in force for five years after the date of grant (ten years if issued prior to 2009), subject to the terms of the option plan.
Options granted under a plan vest primarily according to the following schedule over a maximum of a three year period:
Percentage vested in each period
Period after the original date of the option grant
25%                                                                                                6
months
25%                                                                                                  1
year
25%                                                                                                  2
years
25%                                                                                                  3
years
Any options not exercised within five years (issued prior to 2009: ten years) from the original date of the option grant will
expire and may not thereafter be exercised. The previous bi-annual allocation of options was changed in April 2006 to an annual
allocation.
Options to purchase a total of 3,655,357 ordinary shares were outstanding on June 30, 2013, of which 715,378 options to
purchase ordinary shares were currently exercisable. In fiscal 2013, a total of 37 employees and 7 ex-employees participated in the
Scheme, including Executive Directors and other senior employees. The outstanding options are exercisable at purchase prices that
range from R3.50 to R19.36 per share and expire five years (issued prior to 2009: ten years) from the date of issue to the participants.
In August 2012, the board of directors decided to replace the Scheme with a cash-settled phantom share scheme. The new
phantom share scheme was approved by the board of directors in October 2012. In November 2012 the Remuneration Committee
suspended the Scheme and approved the share option buy back. The advantages presented by the suspension of the Scheme and share
option buy back are inter alia:
-
avoidance of dilution of current shareholders; and
-
avoidance of short vesting periods.
DRDGOLD Phantom Share Scheme
In fiscal 2013 we established the DRDGOLD Phantom Share Scheme, The scheme, replaces the DRDGOLD (1996)
Share Option Scheme, which is part of the long-term retention strategy intended to grow the company. The phantom share scheme
is operated as an incentive tool for our executive directors and senior employees whose skills and experience are recognized as
being essential to the Company’s performance. The scheme is cash settled. In terms of the phantom share scheme rules, 50% of
the phantom shares granted will be valued based on the Group meeting certain pre-determined performance criteria and the
remaining 50% to defined retention periods. The maximum incentive pay-out per annum to any single employee may not exceed
75% of that employee’s gross remuneration package. The participants in the scheme are fully taxed at their marginal rate on any
gains realized on the exercise of their phantom shares.
background image
81
The phantom share granted has a zero base value, however the number of phantom shares granted by the Remuneration
Committee is determined by the price in respect of each share which is the subject of the phantom share, the volume weighted
average price of a share on the JSE for the seven days on which the JSE is open for trading, preceding the day on which the
employee is granted a phantom share. The allocation date will be the date when the directors approve allocation of the phantom
shares. Each phantom share remains in force until the date of vesting, subject to the terms of the scheme rules. Phantom shares
granted under the phantom share scheme vest primarily according the following schedule over a maximum of a three year period:
Percentage vested in each period grant:
Period after the original date of grant
of the option:
Performance criteria
Retention criteria
33%
0%                                                    one year
33%
50%                                                  two years
33%
50%                                                  three years
Any phantom shares not exercised on the date of vesting will expire and may not thereafter be exercised. The phantom
shares granted in the current financial year, being the first year of the phantom share scheme exists, were 3,019,549 phantom
shares.
ITEM 7. MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
7A. MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS
As of September 30, 2013, our issued capital consisted of:
· 385,383,767 ordinary shares of no par value; and
· 5,000,000 cumulative preference shares.
To our knowledge, we are not directly or indirectly owned or controlled by another corporation or any person or foreign
government and there are no arrangements, the operation of which may at a subsequent date result in a change in control of us.
Based on information available to us, as of September 30, 2013:
· there were 5,958 record holders of our ordinary shares in South Africa, who held approximately 121,963,206 or
  approximately 31.6% of our ordinary shares;
· there was one record holder of our cumulative preference shares in South Africa, who held 5,000,000 or 100% of our
  cumulative preference shares;
· there were no US record holders of our ordinary shares, excluding those shares which are held as part of our ADR program;
  and
· there were 771 registered holders of our ADRs in the United States, who held approximately 175,291,256 (17,529,125
  ADRs) or approximately 45.5% of our ordinary shares.
The following table sets forth information regarding the beneficial ownership of our ordinary shares as of September 30,
2013 by:
· each of our directors and prescribed officers; and
· any person whom the directors are aware of as at September 30, 2013 who is interested directly or indirectly in 5% or more
  of our ordinary shares. There was significant change in the percentage ownership of the major shareholders over the
  preceding three years.
background image
82
Shares Beneficially Owned
Holder
Number
Percent of
outstanding
ordinary
shares
D.J. Pretorius ......................................................................................................................................
211,167                        *
C.C. Barnes .........................................................................................................................................
None                  None
J. Turk ................................................................................................................................................
243,000
*
G.C. Campbell .....................................................................................................................................
100,000
*
R.P. Hume ..........................................................................................................................................
150,000
*
E.A. Jeneker .......................................................................................................................................
None
None
W.J. Schoeman ...................................................................................................................................
None                  None
C.M. Symons ......................................................................................................................................
None                  None
T.J. Gwebu ..........................................................................................................................................
None
None
Public Investment Corporation ..........................................................................................................
19,399,080                  5.0%
Bank of New York ADRs ...................................................................................................................
101 Barclay Street
New York, NY 10011
173,998,270                45.1%
* Indicates share ownership of less than 1% of our outstanding ordinary shares.
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and generally includes voting or investment
power with respect to securities. Ordinary shares issuable pursuant to options, to the extent the options are currently exercisable or
convertible within 60 days of September 30, 2013, are treated as outstanding for computing the percentage of any other person. As of
September 30, 2013, we are not aware of anyone owning 5% or more of our ordinary shares other than the Bank of New York which
holds 45.1% of our issued ordinary shares through our ADR program and Public Investment Corporation which holds 5.0%. Unless
otherwise noted, each person or group identified possesses sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares, subject to
community property laws where applicable. No shareholder has voting rights which differ from the voting rights of any other
shareholder. Unless indicated otherwise, the business address of the beneficial owner is: DRDGOLD Limited, 50 Constantia
Boulevard, Constantia Kloof Ext. 28, Roodepoort, 1709, South Africa.
Cumulative Preference Shares
Randgold and Exploration Company Limited, or Randgold, owns 5,000,000 (100%) of our cumulative preference shares.
Randgold's registered address is Third Floor, Sandton City Office Tower, 158 Fifth Street, Sandton, 2196, South Africa.
The holders of cumulative preference shares do not have voting rights unless any preference dividend is in arrears for more
than six months. The terms of issue of the cumulative preference shares are that they carry the right, in priority to the Company's
ordinary shares, to receive a dividend equal to 3% of the gross future revenue generated by the exploitation or the disposal of the
Argonaut mineral rights acquired from Randgold in September 1997. Additionally, holders of cumulative preference shares may vote
on resolutions which adversely affect their interests and on the disposal of all, or substantially all, of our assets or mineral rights.
There is currently no active trading market for our cumulative preference shares. Holders of cumulative preference shares will only
obtain their potential voting rights once the Argonaut Project becomes an operational gold mine, and dividends accrue to them. The
prospecting rights have since expired and the Argonaut Project terminated. . The Department of Mineral Resources (DMR) granted
DRDGOLD a prospecting right over an area which was going to be too small to mine. When an application for a greater area was
lodged, the DMR stated that the additional area is in an urban location and an application for a prospecting right cannot be
granted. We are in the process, together with Randgold, of cancelling these preference shares.
background image
83
7B. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Rand Refinery Proprietary Limited (Rand Refinery) agreement
On October 12, 2001, we entered into an agreement with Rand Refinery for the refining and sale of all of our gold produced
in South Africa. Under the agreement, Rand Refinery performs the final refining of our gold and casts it into troy ounce bars. Rand
Refinery then usually sells the gold on the same day as delivery, for the London afternoon close price. In exchange for this service,
we pay Rand Refinery a variable refining fee plus fixed marketing, loan and administration fees. We received a dividend distribution
as part of the settlement reached with Simmers and Jack Mines Limited of R6.8 million during fiscal 2013 however, we received no
dividend during fiscal 2012. Mr. T.J. Gwebu, Executive Officer: Legal, Compliance and Company Secretary of DRDGOLD is a
director of Rand Refinery and a member of their Remuneration Committee and chairman of their Social and Ethics Committee. Mr.
M. Burrell, Financial Director of Ergo, is an alternate director of Rand Refinery and a member of their Audit Committee. The
Company currently owns 11.3% (Fiscal 2012: 4%) of Rand Refinery (which is jointly owned by South African mining companies).
The movement in shareholding is due to the settlement that was reached with Simmers and Jack Mines Limited, before the matter
could reach legal proceedings, relating to a further 6.22% in Rand Refinery.
Guardrisk Insurance Cell Captive (Guardrisk)
Insurance premiums were paid to Guardrisk amounting to R21.0 million by Ergo (2012: R41.8 million by ERPM and R21.0
million by Ergo). As at June 30, 2013 financial guarantees amounting to R304.9 million have been issued to the DMR by Guardrisk.
Guardrisk is a cell captive which is consolidated as a special purpose entity for financial reporting purposes.
Management service agreements
We provide management services for EMO, Blyvoor (until June 1, 2012 when Blyvoor was sold), Ergo, Crown and ERPM
(until July 1, 2012 when Crown and the surface assets included in ERPM were restructured into Ergo) under management service
agreements entered into with each of them. These services include financial management, treasury services, gold administration,
technical and engineering services, mineral resource services and other management related services. We own a 74% interest in EMO
and until June 1, 2012 for management service and management control purposes, we owned 74% of Blyvoor. Ergo, Crown and
ERPM are wholly-owned subsidiaries of EMO. These arrangements allow us to monitor and provide input on the management of
these companies in which we have an investment.
The management services at Ergo, Crown and ERPM are provided by EMO. Crown and the surface assets in ERPM were
restructured into Ergo on July 1, 2012. EMO’s management fee for services performed in fiscal 2013 at Ergo was R53.7 million
(2012: Rnil), Crown Rnil (2012: R16.6 million) and ERPM Rnil (2012: R16.6 million). Management fees recovered from EMO were
R25.1 million (2012: R21.6 million) and from Blyvoor Rnil (2012: until June 1, 2012 when Blyvoor was sold R15.2 million).
EMO paid interest on inter-company loans to Ergo and received interest from Crown and ERPM. EMO’s interest paid to
Ergo in fiscal 2013 was R2.2 million (2012: Rnil) and interest received in fiscal 2013 from ERPM R21.5 million (2012: R29.5
million) and Crown Rnil (2012: R1.9 million). Interest recovered from EMO was R23.0 million (2011: R26.6 million) and from Ergo
R32.2 million (since the restructuring on July 1, 2012) (2012: Rnil).
Consultancy agreement
On June 23, 2008, EMO entered into a consultancy agreement with Khumo Gold SPV Proprietary Limited, or Khumo Gold,
which owns 20% of EMO and Blyvoor, to provide guidance and participate in the Company’s transformation initiatives set by the
Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act of South Africa. The agreement provides for a monthly retainer of R216,000
(2012: R200,000)
.
Treasury shares
During the year ended June 30, 2013, EMO acquired no (2012: 9,852,800) ordinary shares (held as treasury shares for
consolidation purposes) in DRDGOLD. 62,614 (2012: 3,584,627) of the treasury shares held by EMO were used to settle share
options exercised by key management personnel. As at June 30, 2013, EMO held 6,205,559 (2012: 6,268,173) treasury shares.
Subordination agreements and letters of support to subsidiaries
In October 2013, DRDGOLD Limited entered into a subordination agreement with EMO, subordinating a loan made to
EMO amounting to R544.7 million, for the benefit of EMO’s third party creditors. Consecutively, DRDGOLD Limited issued a letter
of support to EMO committing to support EMO financially for 367 days from July 1, 2013, or until all other liabilities are paid, or the
total assets of EMO, fairly valued, exceeds its total liabilities, fairly valued, and that DRDGOLD Limited will not call for the
repayment of its loan within that period.
background image
84
7C. INTERESTS OF EXPERTS AND COUNSEL
Not applicable.
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
8A. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION
1. Please refer to Item 18.: "Financial Statements."
2. Please refer to Item 18.: "Financial Statements."
3. Please refer to Item 18.: "Financial Statements."
4. The last year of audited financial statements is not older than 15 months.
5. Not applicable.
6. Not applicable.
7. See under Item 4D.: "Property, plant and equipment—Legal Proceedings."
8. Please see Item 10B.: "Memorandum and Articles of Association."
8B. SIGNIFICANT CHANGES
For a discussion of significant changes that have occurred since June 30, 2013, the date of the last audited financial
statements included in this Annual Report, please see Note 30 “Subsequent Events” under Item 18.: "Financial Statements," which
describes post balance sheet (statement of financial position) events.
ITEM 9. THE OFFER AND LISTING
9A. OFFER AND LISTING DETAILS
The following tables set forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low market sales prices and average daily trading
volumes of our ordinary shares on the JSE and ADSs on the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq Capital Market. On December
29, 2011, we transferred our listing from the Nasdaq Capital Market to the New York Stock Exchange.
Price
Per
Ordinary Share
R
Price Per
ADS
1
$
Average Daily
Trading
Volume
Year Ended
High
Low
High
Low
Ordinary
Share
ADSs
1
June 30, 2009 ...........................................................................................
9.55
2.86
10.59
2.85
932,905
186,575
June 30, 2010 ...........................................................................................
6.98
3.20
9.00
4.07
691.256
209,087
June 30, 2011 ...........................................................................................
4.00
2.80
6.23
3.92
558,675
113,932
June 30, 2012 ...........................................................................................
6.28
2.97
8.16
4.21
1,090,043
97,107
June 30, 2013 ...........................................................................................
7.55
4.49
8.59
4.90
631,264
78,400
1
Note that with effect from July 23, 2007, we changed our ADS ratio to reflect one ADS for ten of our ordinary shares.
background image
85
Price
Per
Ordinary Share
R
Price Per
ADS
1
$
Average Daily
Trading
Volume
Quarter
High
Low
High
Low
Ordinary
Share
ADSs
1
Q1 July – September 2011 ......................................................................    4.89
2.97
5.79
4.21         912,881
135,675
Q2 October – December 2011 ................................................................
5.95
3.66
7.27
4.93
1,211,099
111,431
Q3 January – March 2012 .......................................................................
6.28
4.46
8.16
5.28
1,618,230
93,431
Q4 April – June 2012 ..............................................................................
5.84
4.70
7.43
5.60
610,278
47,116
Q1 July – September 2012 ......................................................................
5.49
4.49
6.71
5.35
380,536
37,224
Q2 October – December 2012 ................................................................
7.05
5.30
8.09
6.46
714,592
56,943
Q3 January – March 2013 .......................................................................
7.55
6.14
8.59
6.76
648,849
111,095
Q4 April – June 2013 ..............................................................................
7.18
4.60
7.85
4.90
785,537
108,424
Q1 July – September 2013 ......................................................................
6.64
4.81
6.47
4.89
377,790
69,694
Price Per
Ordinary Share
R
Price Per
ADS
$
Average Daily
Trading Volume
Month Ended
High
Low
High
Low
Ordinary
Share
ADSs
April 30, 2013 ..........................................................................................
7.18
5.55
7.85
6.16
1,004,521
113,034
May 31, 2013 ...........................................................................................
6.09
4.60
6.76
5.05
647,458
106,673
June 30, 2013 ...........................................................................................
6.50
4.60
6.50
4.90
703,383
105,278
July 31, 2013 ............................................................................................
6.00
5.10       6.08
4.96
277,201
62,073
August 31, 2013 .......................................................................................
6.64
4.81
6.22
4.89
476,867
75,709
September 30, 2013 .................................................................................
6.40
5.51
6.47
5.23
389,436
71,461
The cumulative preference shares are not traded on any exchange.
There have been no trading suspensions with respect to our ordinary shares on the JSE during the past three years ended
June 30, 2013, nor have there been any trading suspensions with respect to our ADRs on the Nasdaq Capital Market from June 30,
2010 until December 29, 2011 and the New York Stock Exchange since our listing on that market.
background image
86
9B. PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
Not applicable.
9C. MARKETS
Nature of Trading Markets
The principal trading market for our equity securities is the JSE (symbol: DRD) and our ADSs that trade on the New York
Stock Exchange (symbol: DRD). Our ordinary shares also trade on the Marche Libre on the Paris Bourse (symbol: DUR) and
Brussels Bourse (symbol: DUR) in the form of International Depository Receipts. The ordinary shares also trade on the over the
counter markets in Berlin, Stuttgart and the Regulated Unofficial Market on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The ADRs are issued by
The Bank of New York, as depositary. Each ADR represents one ADS and each ADS represents ten of our ordinary shares. Until
July 23, 2007, each ADS represented one of our ordinary shares. Prior to December 29, 2011, our ADSs traded on the Nasdaq
National Market.
9D. SELLING SHAREHOLDERS
Not applicable.
9E. DILUTION
Not applicable.
9F. EXPENSES OF THE ISSUE
Not applicable.
ITEM 10. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
10A. SHARE CAPITAL
Not applicable.
10B. MEMORANDUM OF INCORPORATION
Description of Our Memorandum and Articles of Association and Ordinary Shares
As of June 30, 2013, we had authorized for issuance 600,000,000 (as of September 30, 2013: 600,000,000) ordinary shares,
no par value, and 5,000,000 (as of September 30, 2013: 5,000,000) cumulative preference shares, R0.10 par value. On that date, we
had issued 385,383,767 (as of September 30, 2013: 385,383,767) ordinary shares and 5,000,000 (as of September 30, 2013:
5,000,000) cumulative preference shares.
Set out below are brief summaries of certain provisions of our Memorandum of Incorporation, or our MOI, the South
African Companies Act, 2008 (as amended), or the Companies Act, and the JSE Listings Requirements, all as in effect on September
30, 2013. The summary does not purport to be complete and is subject to and qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of
the MOI, the Companies Act, and the JSE Listings Requirements.
We are registered under the Companies Act of South Africa under registration number 1895/000926/06. As set forth in our
Memorandum of Incorporation, the main object and business of our company is mining and exploration for gold and other minerals.
Borrowing Powers
Our directors may from time to time borrow for the purposes of the company, such sums as they think fit and secure the
payment or repayment of any such sums, or any other sum, as they think fit, whether by the creation and issue of securities, mortgage
or charge upon all or any of the property or assets of the company. The directors shall procure that the aggregate principal amount at
any one time outstanding in respect of monies so borrowed or raised by the company and all the subsidiaries for the time being of the
company shall not exceed the aggregate amount at that time authorized to be borrowed or secured by the company or the subsidiaries
for the time being of the company (as the case may be).
Share Ownership Requirements
Our directors are not required to hold any shares to qualify or be appointed as a director.
background image
87
Voting by Directors
A director may authorize any other director to vote for him at any meeting at which neither he nor his alternate director
appointed by him is present. Any director so authorized shall, in addition to his own vote, have a vote for each director by whom he is
authorized.
The quorum necessary for the transaction of the business of the directors is a majority of the directors present at a meeting
before a vote may be called at any meeting of directors.
Directors are required to notify our board of directors of interests in companies and contracts. If a director has a personal
financial interest in respect of a matter to be considered at a meeting of the board he or she must disclose the interest and its nature,
any material information relating to the matter and thereafter leave the meeting immediately after making the disclosure. Such
director must not take part in consideration of the matter. He is not to be regarded as being present for the purpose of determining
whether a resolution has sufficient support to be adopted.
The King Report on Corporate Governance for South Africa (King III Report) which came into effect on March 1, 2010,
sets out guidelines to promote the highest standards of corporate governance among South African companies. The board of directors
believes that our business should be conducted according to the highest legal and ethical standards. In accordance with the board
practice, all remuneration of executive directors is approved by the Remuneration Committee, and the shareholders approve
remuneration of non-executive directors.
DRDGOLD commits itself to observing the provision of the King III Report and enforcing these to the extent possible
within the context of the report’s ‘apply or explain’ principle.
Under South African common law, directors are required to comply with certain fiduciary duties to the company and to
exercise proper care and skill in discharging their responsibilities. These common law duties have now been codified by the
Companies Act.
Age Restrictions
There is no age limit for directors.
Election of Directors
Each director shall be appointed by election by way of an ordinary resolution of shareholders at a general or annual meeting
of company (“elected director (s)”) and no appointment of a director by way of a written circulated shareholders resolution in terms
of section 60 of the Companies Act shall be competent.
One third of our non-executive directors, on a rotating basis, are subject to re-election at each annual general shareholder’s
meeting. Retiring directors usually make themselves available for re-election. An amendment to the MOI which is intended to subject
executive directors to re-election by rotation will be proposed at the 2013 annual general meeting.
General Meetings
On the request of any shareholder or shareholders holding not less than 10 percent of our share capital which carries the
right of voting at general meetings, we shall issue a notice to shareholders convening a general meeting for a date not less than
15 days from the date of the notice. Directors may convene general meetings at any time.
Our annual general meeting and a meeting of our shareholders for the purpose of passing a special resolution may be called
by giving 15 days advance written notice of that meeting. For any other general meeting of our shareholders, 15 days advance written
notice is required.
Our MOI provides that if at a meeting convened upon request by our shareholders, a quorum is not present within fifteen
minutes after the time selected for the meeting, such meeting shall be postponed for one week. However the chairman has the
discretion to extend the fifteen minutes for a reasonable period on certain grounds. The necessary quorum is three members present in
person or represented by proxy.
background image
88
Voting Rights
The holders of our ordinary shares are generally entitled to vote at general meetings and on a show of hands have one vote
per person and on a poll have one for every share held. The holders of our cumulative preference shares are not entitled to vote at a
general meeting unless any preference dividend is in arrears for more than six months at the date on which the notice convening the
general meeting is posted to the shareholders. Additionally, holders of cumulative preference shares may vote on resolutions which
adversely affect their interests and on resolutions regarding the disposal of all or substantially all of our assets or mineral rights. When
entitled to vote, holders of our cumulative preference shares are entitled to one vote per person on a show of hands and that portion of
the total votes which the aggregate amount of the nominal value of the shares held by the relevant shareholder bears to the aggregate
amount of the nominal value of all shares issued by us.
Dividends
We may, in a general meeting, or our directors may, from time to time, declare a dividend to be paid to the shareholders in
proportion to the number of shares they each hold. No dividend shall be declared except out of our profits. Dividends may be
declared either free or subject to the deduction of income tax or duty in respect of which we may be charged. Holders of ordinary
shares are entitled to receive dividends as and when declared by the directors.
Ownership Limitations
There are no limitations imposed by our MOI or South African law on the rights of shareholders to hold or vote on our
ordinary shares or securities convertible into our ordinary shares.
Winding-up
If we are wound-up, then the assets remaining after payment of all of our debts and liabilities, including the costs of
liquidation, shall be applied to repay to the shareholders the amount paid up on our issued capital and thereafter the balance shall be
distributed to the shareholders in proportion to their respective shareholdings. On a winding up, our cumulative preference shares
rank, in regard to all arrears of preference dividends, prior to the holders of ordinary shares. As of September 30, 2013, no such
dividends have been declared. Except for the preference dividend and as described in this Item our cumulative preference shares are
not entitled to any other participation in the distribution of our surplus assets on winding-up.
Reduction of Capital
We may, by special resolution, reduce the share capital authorized by our MOI, or reduce our issued share capital including,
without limitation, any stated capital, capital redemption reserve fund and share premium account by making distributions and buying
back our shares.
Amendment of the MOI
Our MOI may be altered by the passing of a special resolution or in compliance with a court order. The Company may also
amend the MOI by increasing or decreasing the number of authorized shares, classifying or reclassifying shares, or determining the
terms of shares in a class. A special resolution is passed when the shareholders holding at least 25% of the total votes of all the
members entitled to vote are present or represented by proxy at a meeting and, if the resolution was passed on a show of hands, at
least 75% of those shareholders voted in favor of the resolution and, if a poll was demanded, at least 75% of the total votes to which
those shareholders are entitled were cast in favor of the resolution.
Consent of the Holders of Cumulative Preference Shares
The rights and conditions attaching to the cumulative preference shares may not be cancelled, varied or added, nor may we
issue shares ranking, regarding rights to dividends or on winding up, in priority to or equal with our cumulative preference shares, or
dispose of all or part of the Argonaut mineral rights without the consent in writing of the registered holders of our cumulative
preference shares or the prior sanction of a resolution passed at a separate class meeting of the holders of our cumulative preference
shares.
Distributions
We are authorized to make payments in cash or in specie to our shareholders in accordance with the provisions of the
Companies Act and other consents required by law from time to time. We may, for example, in a general meeting, upon
recommendation of our directors, resolve that any surplus funds representing capital profits arising from the sale of any capital assets
and not required for the payment of any fixed preferential dividend, be distributed among our ordinary shareholders. However, no
such profit shall be distributed unless we have sufficient other assets to satisfy our liabilities and to cover our paid up share capital.
We also need to consider the solvency and liquidity requirements stated in the Companies Act of South Africa.
background image
89
Directors’ power to vote compensation to themselves
The remuneration of non-executive directors may not exceed in aggregate in any financial year the amount fixed by the
Company in general meeting. The Companies Act requires that remuneration to non-executive directors may be paid only in
accordance with a special resolution approved by shareholders within the previous two years.
Time limit for dividend entitlement
All unclaimed monies that are due to any shareholder/s shall be held by the company in trust for an indefinite period until
lawfully claimed by such shareholder/s, subject to the Prescription Act, 1968 as amended or any other law which governs the law of
prescription.
Staggered director elections & cumulative voting
At each annual general meeting of the Company one-third of the directors shall retire and be eligible for re-election. No
provision is made for cumulative voting.
Sinking fund provisions and liability to further capital calls
There are no sinking fund provisions in the MOI attaching to any class of the company shares, and the company does not
subject shareholders to liability to further capital calls.
Provision that would delay/prevent change of control
The Companies Act provides that companies which propose to merge or amalgamate must enter into a written agreement
setting out the terms thereof. They must prove that upon implementation of the amalgamation or merger each will satisfy the
solvency and liquidity test. Companies involved in disposals, amalgamations or mergers, or schemes of arrangement must obtain a
compliance certificate from the Takeover Regulation Panel, pass special resolutions and in some instances they must obtain an
independent expert report.
10C. MATERIAL CONTRACTS
ZAR2,000,000,000 Domestic Medium Term and High Yield Note Programme (“DMTN Programme”) agreement
entered into between DRDGOLD Limited (“Issuer”), Crown Gold Recoveries Proprietary Limited (“Crown”), East Rand
Proprietary Mines Limited (“ERPM”), Ergo Mining Operations Proprietary Limited (“EMO”), Ergo Mining Proprietary
Limited (“Ergo”) and ABSA Bank Limited (“ABSA”) dated June 30, 2012.
Under this agreement the Issuer may from time to time issue loan notes to certain investors. The maximum aggregate
nominal amount of all such notes from time to time outstanding under the DMTN Programme may not exceed R2,000,000,000
(two billion South African Rand). Crown, ERPM, EMO and Ergo (“Guarantors”) are joint and several guarantors in favour of the
Issuer. The Guarantors guarantee to the holders of the notes the due and punctual performance by the Issuer of its payment
obligations under the DMTN Programme. The notes may be listed on the JSE Limited. ABSA Capital, a division of ABSA Bank
Limited, has been appointed dealer and arranger of the notes.
Sale of Shares and Claims Agreement entered into by Village Main Reef Limited (“Village”), DRDGOLD Limited
(“DRDGOLD”) (“Seller”), Business Venture Investments No 1557 Proprietary Limited (“Purchaser”) and Blyvooruitzicht
Gold Mining Company Limited (“Blyvoor”) dated February 11, 2012.
Under this agreement the Seller agreed to sell its entire shareholding in Blyvoor and its working capital and shareholder
loan claims against Blyvoor to the Purchaser. The purchase consideration is discharged by Village through the issue of 85,714,286
new ordinary shares in Village. Refer to Item 5A.: “Operation Results - Recent developments” for a more detailed discussion.
Sale of Interest Agreement between DRDGOLD Limited (“DRDGOLD”) and Ergo Mining Proprietary Limited
(“Ergo Mining”) dated June 29, 2012.
Under this agreement DRDGOLD sells and Ergo Mining purchases DRDGOLD’s 35% participation interest in the assets
and liabilities of the unincorporated joint venture, called ErgoGold (previously called the Elsburg JV), between DRDGOLD and
East Rand Proprietary Mines Limited. The purchase price payable is R200,000,000 (two hundred million South African rand).
The purchase price was advanced by DRDGOLD to Ergo on loan account.
background image
90
Heads of Agreement entered into by Trans-Caledon Tunnel Authority (“TCTA’), Ergo Mining Operations Proprietary
Limited (“EMO”), East Rand Proprietary Mines Limited (“ERPM”) and Crown Gold Recoveries Proprietary Limited (“CGR”)
(collectively CGR, EMO and ERPM are called “the Ergo Group”) dated November 28, 2012.
Under this agreement the Ergo Group grants TCTA access to land for the construction of a water treatment plant, access
to the South West Vertical Shaft of ERPM to construct and operate a pump station to pump the acid mine drainage (“AMD”) to
surface, the right to construct a sludge pipeline using servitudes owned by the Ergo Group members, shared use of an Ergo Group
residue pipeline and partial use of the Ergo tailings dams for the deposition of up to 4 167m³ of sludge per day, emanating from
the water treatment plant. EMO has an option to acquire from TCTA, for its operations up to 30 mega litres of untreated or
partially treated AMD per day.
10D. EXCHANGE CONTROLS
The following is a summary of the material South African exchange control measures, which has been derived from
publicly available documents. The following summary is not a comprehensive description of all the exchange control regulations.
The discussion in this section is based on the current law and positions of the South African Government. Changes in the law may
alter the exchange control provisions that apply, possibly on a retroactive basis.
Introduction
Dealings in foreign currency, the export of capital and revenue, payments by residents to non-residents and various other
exchange control matters in South Africa are regulated by the South African exchange control regulations, or the Regulations. The
Regulations form part of the general monetary policy of South Africa. The Regulations are issued under Section 9 of the Currency
and Exchanges Act, 1933 (as amended). In terms of the Regulations, the control over South African capital and revenue reserves, as
well as the accruals and spending thereof, is vested in the Treasury (Ministry of Finance), or the Treasury.
The Treasury has delegated the administration of exchange controls to the Exchange Control Department of the South
African Reserve Bank, or SARB, which is responsible for the day to day administration and functioning of exchange controls. SARB
has a wide discretion. Certain banks authorized by the Treasury to co-administer certain of the exchange controls, are authorized by
the Treasury to deal in foreign exchange. Such dealings in foreign exchange by authorized dealers are undertaken in accordance with
the provisions and requirements of the exchange control rulings, or Rulings, and contain certain administrative measures, as well as
conditions and limits applicable to transactions in foreign exchange, which may be undertaken by authorized dealers. Non-residents
have been granted general approval, in terms of the Rulings, to deal in South African assets, to invest and disinvest in South Africa.
The Regulations provide for restrictions on exporting capital from the Common Monetary Area consisting of South Africa,
Namibia, and the Kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland. Transactions between residents of the Common Monetary Area are not
subject to these exchange control regulations.
There are many inherent disadvantages to exchange controls, including distortion of the price mechanism, problems
encountered in the application of monetary policy, detrimental effects on inward foreign investment and administrative costs
associated therewith. The South African Finance Minister has indicated that all remaining exchange controls are likely to be
dismantled as soon as circumstances permit. Since 1998, there has been a gradual relaxation of exchange controls. The gradual
approach to the abolition of exchange controls adopted by the Government of South Africa is designed to allow the economy to
adjust more smoothly to the removal of controls that have been in place for a considerable period of time. The stated objective of the
authorities is equality of treatment between residents and non-residents with respect to inflows and outflows of capital. The focus of
regulation, subsequent to the abolition of exchange controls, is expected to favor the positive aspects of prudential financial
supervision.
The present exchange control system in South Africa is used principally to control capital movements. South African
companies are not permitted to maintain foreign bank accounts without SARB approval and, without the approval of SARB, are
generally not permitted to export capital from South Africa or hold foreign currency. In addition, South African companies are
required to obtain the approval of SARB prior to raising foreign funding on the strength of their South African statements of financial
position, which would permit recourse to South Africa in the event of defaults. Where 75% or more of a South African company's
capital, voting power, power of control or earnings is directly or indirectly controlled by non-residents, such a corporation is
designated an “affected person” by SARB, and certain restrictions are placed on its ability to obtain local financial assistance. We are
not, and have never been, designated an “affected person” by SARB.
Foreign investment and outward loans by South African companies are also restricted. In addition, without the approval of
SARB, South African companies are generally required to repatriate to South Africa profits of foreign operations and are limited in
their ability to utilize profits of one foreign business to finance operations of a different foreign business. South African companies
establishing subsidiaries, branches, offices or joint ventures abroad are generally required to submit financial statements on these
operations as well as progress reports to SARB on an annual basis. As a result, a South African company's ability to raise and deploy
capital outside the Common Monetary Area is restricted.
background image
91
Although exchange controls have been gradually relaxed since 1998, unlimited outward transfers of capital are not permitted
at this stage. Some of the more salient changes to the South African exchange control provisions over the past few years have been as
follows:
· corporations wishing to invest in countries outside the Common Monetary Area, in addition to what is set out below, apply
  for permission to enter into corporate asset/share swap and share placement transactions to acquire foreign investments. The
  latter mechanism entails the placement of the locally quoted corporation's shares with long-term overseas holders who, in
  payment for the shares, provide the foreign currency abroad which the corporation then uses to acquire the target
  investment;
· corporations wishing to establish new overseas ventures are permitted to transfer offshore up to R500 million to finance
  approved investments abroad and up to R500 million to finance approved new investments in African countries on an
  annual bases. Approval from SARB is required in advance for investments in excess of R500 million. On application to
  SARB, corporations are also allowed to use part of their local cash holdings to finance up to 10% of approved new foreign
  investments where the cost of these investments exceeds the current limits;
· as a general rule, SARB requires that more than 10% of equity of the acquired off-shore venture is acquired within a
  predetermined period of time, as a prerequisite to allowing the expatriation of funds. If these requirements are not met,
  SARB may instruct that the equity be disposed of. In our experience SARB has taken a commercial view on this, and has on
  occasion extended the period of time for compliance; and
· remittance of directors' fees payable to persons permanently resident outside the Common Monetary Area may be approved
  by authorized dealers, in terms of the Rulings.
Authorized dealers in foreign exchange may, against the production of suitable documentary evidence, provide forward
cover to South African residents in respect of fixed and ascertained foreign exchange commitments covering the movement of goods.
Persons who emigrate from South Africa are entitled to take limited amounts of money out of South Africa as a settling-in
allowance. The balance of the emigrant's funds will be blocked and held under the control of an authorized dealer. These blocked
funds may only be invested in:
· blocked current, savings, interest bearing deposit accounts in the books of an authorized dealer in the banking sector;
· securities quoted on the JSE and financial instruments listed on the Bond Exchange of South Africa which are deposited
  with an authorized dealer and not released except temporarily for switching purposes, without the approval of SARB.
  Authorized dealers must at all times be able to demonstrate that listed or quoted securities or financial instruments which are
  dematerialized or immobilized in a central securities depository are being held subject to the control of the authorized dealer
  concerned; or
· mutual funds.
Aside from the investments referred to above, blocked rands may only be utilized for very limited purposes. Dividends
declared out of capital gains or out of income earned prior to emigration remain subject to the blocking procedure. It is not possible to
predict when existing exchange controls will be abolished or whether they will be continued or modified by the South African
Government in the future.
Sale of Shares
Under present exchange control regulations in South Africa, our ordinary shares and ADSs are freely transferable outside
the Common Monetary Area between non-residents of the Common Monetary Area. In addition, the proceeds from the sale of
ordinary shares on the JSE on behalf of shareholders who are not residents of the Common Monetary Area are freely remittable to
such shareholders. Share certificates held by non-residents will be endorsed with the words “non-resident,” unless dematerialized.
Dividends
Dividends declared in respect of shares held by a non-resident in a company whose shares are listed on the JSE are freely
remittable.
Any cash dividends paid by us are paid in rands. Holders of ADSs on the relevant record date will be entitled to receive any
dividends payable in respect of the shares underlying the ADSs, subject to the terms of the deposit agreement entered on August 12,
1996, and as amended and restated, between the Company and The Bank of New York, as the depository. Subject to exceptions
provided in the deposit agreement, cash dividends paid in rand will be converted by the depositary to dollars and paid by the
depositary to holders of ADSs, net of conversion expenses of the depositary, in accordance with the deposit agreement. The
depositary will charge holders of ADSs, to the extent applicable, taxes and other governmental charges and specified fees and other
expenses.
background image
92
Voting rights
There are no limitations imposed by South African law or by our MOI on the right of non-South African shareholders to
hold or vote our ordinary shares.
10E. TAXATION
Material South African Income Tax Consequences
The following is a summary of material income tax considerations under South African income tax law. No representation
with respect to the consequences to any particular purchaser of our securities is made hereby. Prospective purchasers are urged to
consult their tax advisers with respect to their particular circumstances and the effect of South African or other tax laws to which they
may be subject.
South Africa imposes tax on worldwide income of South African residents. Generally, South African non-residents do not
pay tax in South Africa except in the following circumstances:
Income Tax and withholding tax on dividends
Non-residents will pay income tax on any amounts received by or accrued to them from a source within (or deemed to be
within) South Africa. Interest earned by a non-resident on a debt instrument issued by a South African company will be regarded as
being derived from a South African source but will be regarded as exempt from taxation in terms of Section 10(1)(i) of the South
African Income Tax Act, 1962 (as amended), or the Income Tax Act. This exemption applies to so much of any interest and
dividends (which are not otherwise exempt) received from a South African source not exceeding (a) R33,000 if the taxpayer is 65
years of age or older or (b) R22,800 if the taxpayer is younger than 65 years of age at the end of the relevant tax year.
No withholding tax is deductible in respect of interest payments made to non-resident investors.
In 1993, all existing gold mining companies had the option to elect to be exempt from secondary tax on companies, or
STC. If the election was made, a higher tax rate would apply for both mining and non-mining income. With the introduction of
dividends tax at a rate of 15% which replaced STC with effect from April 1, 2012, the election on STC is not applicable anymore.
These amendments are set out in Part VIII in Chapter II of the Income Tax Act. Section 64F of the amendments, sets out beneficial
owners who are exempt from the dividend tax, which includes, resident companies receiving a dividend after the effective date, being
April 1, 2012. The Convention between the United States of America and the Republic of South Africa for the Avoidance of Double
Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and Capital Gains, or the Tax Treaty, would limit the
rate of this tax with respect to dividends paid on ordinary shares or ADSs to a US resident (within the meaning of the Tax Treaty) to
5% of the gross amount of the dividends if such US resident is a company which holds directly at least 10% of our voting stock and
15% of the gross amount of the dividends in all other cases.
The above provisions shall not apply if the beneficial owner of the dividends is resident in the US, carries on business in
South Africa through a permanent establishment situated in South Africa, or performs in South Africa independent personal services
from a fixed base situated in South Africa, and the dividends are attributable to such permanent establishment or fixed base.
In fiscal years 2013 and 2012, the corporate tax rates for taxable mining and non-mining income were 34% and 28%,
respectively. For the fiscal year 2011 companies that elected the STC exemption were taxed at a rate of 43% and 35%,
respectively. During those same years prior to fiscal 2012 the tax rates for companies that did not elect the STC exemption for
fiscal 2011 were 34% and 28%, respectively. The Company, is subject to 34% tax on mining income and 28% for non-mining
income. For fiscal years prior to the introduction of the new dividends tax (prior to fiscal year 2011), Crown was our only
subsidiary that elected not to be exempt from STC.
No income tax over and above the dividends tax is payable on dividends paid to residents or non-residents, in terms of
Section 10(1)(k) of the Income Tax Act, except in respect of foreign dividends received by or accrued to residents of South Africa.
Accordingly, only the 15% dividends tax (or lower applicable treaty rate) is withheld on dividends received by or accrued to non-
resident shareholders of companies listed in South Africa and non-residents will receive the same dividend as South African resident
shareholders (prior to fiscal year 2012 there was no dividend tax). Prior to fiscal 2012, the Company paid STC at a rate of 10%
(before October 1, 2007 12.5%) of the excess of dividends declared over dividends received in a dividend cycle but the full amount of
the dividend declared was paid to shareholders.
background image
93
Capital Gains Tax
Non-residents are generally not subject to Capital Gains Tax, or CGT, in South Africa. They will only be subject to CGT on
gains arising from the disposal of capital assets if the assets disposed of consist of:
· immovable property owned by the non-residents situated in South Africa, or any interest or right in or to immovable
  property. A non-resident will have an interest in immovable property if it has a direct or indirect shareholding of at least
  20% in a company, where 80% or more of the net assets of that company (determined on a market value basis) are
  attributable directly or indirectly to immovable property; or
· any asset of a permanent establishment of a non-resident in South Africa through which a trade is carried on.
If the non-residents are not subject to CGT because the assets disposed of do not fall within the categories described above,
it follows that they will also not be able to claim the capital losses arising from the disposal of the assets.
Material United States Federal Income Tax Consequences
The following is a summary of material US federal income tax consequences to US holders (as defined below) of the
purchase, ownership and disposition of ordinary shares or ADSs. It deals only with US holders who hold ordinary shares or ADSs as
capital assets for US federal income tax purposes. This discussion is based upon the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,
as amended, or the Code, published rulings, judicial decisions and the Treasury regulations, all as currently in effect and all of which
are subject to change, possibly on a retroactive basis. This discussion has no binding effect or official status of any kind; we cannot
assure holders that the conclusions reached below would be sustained by a court if challenged by the Internal Revenue Service.
This discussion does not address all aspects of US federal income taxation that may be applicable to holders in light of their
particular circumstances and does not address special classes of US holders subject to special treatment (such as dealers in securities
or currencies, partnerships or other pass-through entities, banks and other financial institutions, insurance companies, tax-exempt
organizations, certain expatriates or former long-term residents of the United States, persons holding ordinary shares or ADSs as part
of a “hedge,” “conversion transaction,” “synthetic security,” “straddle,” “constructive sale” or other integrated investment, persons
who acquired the ordinary shares or ADSs upon the exercise of employee stock options or otherwise as compensation, persons whose
functional currency is not the US dollar, or persons that actually or constructively own ten percent or more of our voting stock). This
discussion addresses only US federal income tax consequences and does not address the effect of any state, local, or foreign tax laws
that may apply, the alternative minimum tax or the application of the federal estate or gift tax.
A “US holder” is a beneficial owner of ordinary shares or ADSs that is, for US federal income tax purposes:
· a citizen or resident of the US;
· a corporation or other entity subject to tax as a corporation that is created or organized under the laws of the US or any
  political subdivision thereof;
· an estate, the income of which is subject to US federal income tax without regard to its source; or
· a trust, if a court within the US is able to exercise primary supervision over the administration of the trust and one or more
  US persons have the authority to control all substantial decisions of the trust or if the trust has made a valid election to be
  treated as a US person.
If a partnership (or an entity treated as a partnership for US federal income tax purposes) holds any ordinary shares or ADSs,
the tax treatment of a partner will generally depend on the status of the partner and on the activities of the partnership. Partners in
partnerships holding any ordinary shares or ADSs are urged to consult their tax advisors.
Because individual circumstances may differ, US holders of ordinary shares or ADSs are urged to consult their tax
advisors concerning the US federal income tax consequences applicable to their particular situations as well as any
consequences to them arising under the tax laws of any foreign, state or local taxing jurisdiction.
background image
94
Ownership of Ordinary Shares or ADSs
For purposes of the Code, a US holder of ADSs will be treated for US federal income tax purposes as the owner of the
ordinary shares represented by those ADSs. Exchanges of ordinary shares for ADSs and ADSs for ordinary shares generally will not
be subject to US federal income tax.
Subject to the discussion below under the heading “Passive Foreign Investment Company”, distributions with respect to the
ordinary shares or ADSs, other than distributions in liquidation and distributions in redemption of stock that are treated as exchanges,
will be taxed to US holders as ordinary dividend income to the extent that the distributions do not exceed our current and
accumulated earnings and profits. For US federal income tax purposes, the amount of any distribution received by a US holder will
equal the dollar value of the sum of the South African rand payments made (including the amount of South African income taxes, if
any, withheld with respect to such payments), determined at the “spot rate” on the date the dividend distribution is includable in such
US holder's income, regardless of whether the payment is in fact converted into dollars. Generally, any gain or loss resulting from
currency exchange fluctuations during the period from the date a US holder includes the dividend payment in income to the date such
holder converts the payment into dollars will be treated as ordinary income or loss. Distributions, if any, in excess of our current and
accumulated earnings and profits will constitute a non-taxable return of capital and will be applied against and reduce the holder's
basis in the ordinary shares or ADSs. To the extent that these distributions exceed the US holder's tax basis in the ordinary shares or
ADSs, as applicable, the excess generally will be treated as capital gain, subject to the discussion below under the heading “Passive
Foreign Investment Company”. We do not intend to calculate our earnings or profits for US federal income tax purposes. US holders
should therefore assume that any distributions with respect to our ordinary shares or ADSs will constitute dividend income.
“Qualified dividend income” received by individual US holders (as well as certain trusts and estates) generally will be taxed
at a maximum US federal income tax rate applicable to capital gains. This reduced rate generally would apply to dividends paid by us
if, at the time such dividends are paid, either (i) we are eligible for benefits under a qualifying income tax treaty with the US or
(ii) our ordinary shares or ADSs with respect to which such dividends were paid are readily tradable on an established securities
market in the US. However, this reduced rate is subject to certain important requirements and exceptions, including, without
limitation, certain holding period requirements and an exception applicable if we are treated as a passive foreign investment company
as discussed under the heading “Passive Foreign Investment Company”. US holders are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding
the US federal income tax rate that will be applicable to their receipt of any dividends paid with respect to the ordinary shares and
ADSs.
For purposes of this discussion, the “spot rate” generally means a rate that reflects a fair market rate of exchange available to
the public for currency under a “spot contract” in a free market and involving representative amounts. A “spot contract” is a contract
to buy or sell a currency on or before two business days following the date of the execution of the contract. If such a spot rate cannot
be demonstrated, the US Internal Revenue Service has the authority to determine the spot rate.
Dividend income derived with respect to the ordinary shares or ADSs will not be eligible for the dividends received
deduction generally allowed to a US corporation under Section 243 of the Code. Dividend income will be treated as foreign source
income for foreign tax credit and other purposes. In computing the separate foreign tax credit limitations, dividend income should
generally constitute “passive category income,” or in the case of certain US holders, “general category income.”
Disposition of Ordinary Shares or ADSs
Subject to the discussion below under the heading “Passive Foreign Investment Company”, upon a sale, exchange, or other
taxable disposition of ordinary shares or ADSs, a US holder will recognize gain or loss in an amount equal to the difference between
the US dollar value of the amount realized on the sale or exchange and such holder's adjusted tax basis in the ordinary shares or
ADSs. Subject to the application of the “passive foreign investment company” rules discussed below, such gain or loss generally will
be capital gain or loss and will be long-term capital gain or loss if the US holder has held the ordinary shares or ADSs for more than
one year. The deductibility of capital losses is subject to limitations. Gain or loss recognized by a US holder on the taxable disposition
of ordinary shares or ADSs generally will be treated as US-source gain or loss for US foreign tax credit purposes.
In the case of a cash basis US holder who receives rands in connection with the taxable disposition of ordinary shares or
ADSs, the amount realized will be based on the spot rate as determined on the settlement date of such exchange. A US holder who
receives payment in rand and converts rand into US dollars at a conversion rate other than the rate in effect on the settlement date
may have a foreign currency exchange gain or loss that would be treated as ordinary income or loss.
An accrual basis US holder may elect the same treatment required of cash basis taxpayers with respect to a taxable
disposition of ordinary shares or ADSs, provided that the election is applied consistently from year to year. Such election may not be
changed without the consent of the Internal Revenue Service. In the event that an accrual basis holder does not elect to be treated as a
cash basis taxpayer, such US holder may have a foreign currency gain or loss for US federal income tax purposes because of the
differences between the US dollar value of the currency received prevailing on the trade date and the settlement date. Any such
currency gain or loss will be treated as ordinary income or loss and would be in addition to gain or loss, if any, recognized by such
US holder on the disposition of such ordinary shares or ADSs.
background image
95
Passive Foreign Investment Company
A special and adverse set of US federal income tax rules apply to a US holder that holds stock in a passive foreign
investment company, or PFIC. We would be a PFIC for US federal income tax purposes if for any taxable year either (i) 75% or more
of our gross income, including our pro rata share of the gross income of any company in which we are considered to own 25% or
more of the shares by value, were passive income or (ii) 50% or more of our average total assets (by value), including our pro rata
share of the assets of any company in which we are considered to own 25% or more of the shares by value, were assets that produced
or were held for the production of passive income. If we were a PFIC, US holders of the ordinary shares or ADSs would be subject to
special rules with respect to (i) any gain recognized upon the disposition of the ordinary shares or ADSs and (ii) any receipt of an
excess distribution (generally, any distributions to a US holder during a single taxable year that is greater than 125% of the average
amount of distributions received by such US holder during the three preceding taxable years in respect of the ordinary shares or
ADSs or, if shorter, such US holder's holding period for the ordinary shares or ADSs). Under these rules:
· the gain or excess distribution will be allocated ratably over a US holder's holding period for the ordinary shares or ADSs, as
  applicable;
· the amount allocated to the taxable year in which a US holder realizes the gain or excess distribution will be taxed as
  ordinary income;
· the amount allocated to each prior year (other than a pre-PFIC year), with certain exceptions, will be taxed at the highest tax
  rate in effect for that year; and
· the interest charge generally applicable to underpayments of tax will be imposed in respect of the tax attributable to each
  such year (other than a pre-PFIC year).
Although we generally will be treated as a PFIC as to any US holder if we are a PFIC for any year during a US holder's
holding period, if we cease to satisfy the requirements for PFIC classification, the US holder may avoid PFIC classification for
subsequent years if such holder elects to recognize gain based on the unrealized appreciation in the ordinary shares or ADSs through
the close of the tax year in which we cease to be a PFIC.
A US holder of a PFIC are required to file an annual report with the Internal Revenue Service containing such information
as the US Secretary of Treasury may require.
A US holder of the ordinary shares or ADSs that are treated as “marketable stock” under the PFIC rules may be able to
avoid the imposition of the special tax and interest charge described above by making a mark-to-market election. Pursuant to this
election, the US holder would include in ordinary income or loss for each taxable year an amount equal to the difference as of the
close of the taxable year between the fair market value of the ordinary shares or ADSs and the US holder's adjusted tax basis in such
ordinary shares or ADSs. Losses would be allowed only to the extent of net mark-to-market gain previously included by the US
holder under the election for prior taxable years. If a mark-to-market election with respect to ordinary shares or ADSs is in effect on
the date of a US holder's death, the tax basis of the ordinary shares or ADSs in the hands of a US holder who acquired them from a
decedent will be the lesser of the decedent's tax basis or the fair market value of the ordinary shares or ADSs. US holders desiring to
make the mark-to-market election are urged to consult their tax advisors with respect to the application and effect of making the
election for the ordinary shares or ADSs.
In the case of a US holder who holds ordinary shares or ADSs and who does not make a mark-to-market election, the
special tax and interest charge described above will not apply if such holder makes an election to treat us as a “qualified electing
fund” in the first taxable year in which such holder owns the ordinary shares or ADSs and if we comply with certain reporting
requirements. However, we do not intend to supply US holders with the information needed to report income and gain pursuant to a
“qualified electing fund” election in the event that we are classified as a PFIC.
We believe that we were not a PFIC for our 2013 fiscal year ended June 30, 2013. However, under the PFIC rules income
and assets are require to be measured and classified in accordance with US federal income tax principles. Our analysis is based on our
financial statements as prepared in accordance with IFRS, which may substantially differ from US federal income tax principles.
Therefore, no assurance can be given that we were not a PFIC for our 2013 fiscal year ended June 30, 2013. Furthermore, the tests for
determining whether we would be a PFIC for any taxable year are applied annually and it is difficult to make accurate predictions of
future income and assets, which are relevant to this determination. In addition, certain factors in the PFIC determination, such as
reductions in the market value of our capital stock, are not within our control and can cause us to become a PFIC. Accordingly, there
can be no assurance that we will not become a PFIC.
The rules relating to PFICs are very complex. US holders are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the application of
the PFIC rules to their investments in our ordinary shares or ADSs.
background image
96
Information Reporting and Backup Withholding
Payments made in the United States or through certain US-related financial intermediaries of dividends or the proceeds of
the sale or other disposition of our ordinary shares or ADSs may be subject to information reporting and US federal backup
withholding if the recipient of such payment is not an “exempt recipient” and fails to supply certain identifying information, such as
an accurate taxpayer identification number, in the required manner. Generally, individuals are not exempt recipients, whereas
corporations and certain other entities generally are exempt recipients. The backup withholding tax rate is currently 28%. Payments
made with respect to our ordinary shares or ADSs to a US holder must be reported to the Internal Revenue Service, unless the US
holder is an exempt recipient or otherwise establishes an exemption. Any amount withheld from a payment to a US holder under the
backup withholding rules is refundable or allowable as a credit against the holder's US federal income tax, provided that the required
information is furnished to the Internal Revenue Service.
Under the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act enacted on March 18, 2010, in taxable years beginning after the
date of enactment, a US holder may be required to submit to the Internal Revenue Service certain information with respect to such
US holder's beneficial ownership of ordinary shares or ADSs, if such ordinary shares or ADSs are not held on such US holder's
behalf by a financial institution. This new law also imposes penalties if a US holder is required to submit such information to the
Internal Revenue Service and fails to do so.
US holders should consult their tax advisors regarding application of the information reporting and backup withholding
rules.
10F. DIVIDENDS AND PAYING AGENTS
On August 20, 2013, we declared a dividend which, in total, amounted to R54.0 million (14.0 cents per ordinary share).
Dividends tax is 15% of the dividend paid, lower rates can apply for foreign beneficial owners and there are also certain exemptions
that apply. The dividends tax will be withheld from the dividend payment. There are no dividend restrictions.
Date of entitlement:
October 11, 2013
Approximate date of conversion:
October 18, 2013
Approximate payment date:
October 21, 2013
Paying agents:
Link Market Services (US and SA)
St James’s Corporate Services Limited (UK)
Computershare (Australia)
10G. STATEMENT BY EXPERTS
Not applicable.
10H. DOCUMENTS ON DISPLAY
You may request a copy of our US Securities and Exchange Commission filings, at no cost, by writing or calling us at
DRDGOLD Limited, P.O. Box 390, Maraisburg, Johannesburg, South Africa 1700. Attn: Group Company Secretary. Tel No. +27-
11-470-2600. A copy of each report submitted in accordance with applicable United States law is available for public review at our
principal executive offices.
A copy of each document concerning us that is referred to in this Annual Report on Form 20-F, is available for public view
at our principal executive offices at DRDGOLD Limited, Quadrum Office Park, Building 1, 50 Constantia Boulevard, Constantia
Kloof Ext.28, South Africa 1709.
10I. SUBSIDIARY INFORMATION
Not applicable.
background image
97
ITEM 11. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
General
In the normal course of our operations, we are exposed to market risk, including commodity price, foreign currency, interest
and credit risks. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes, nor do we hedge forward gold
sales.
Refer to Item 18. ‘‘Financial Statements - Note 27 - Financial instruments’’ of the consolidated financial statements for a
qualitative and quantitative discussion of our exposure to these market risks.
Commodity price risk
The market price of gold has a significant effect on our results of operations, our ability and the ability of our subsidiaries to
pay dividends and undertake capital expenditures, and the market price of our ordinary shares or ADSs. Historically, gold prices have
fluctuated widely and are affected by numerous industry factors over which we have no control. The aggregate effect of these factors
on the gold price is impossible for us to predict. The price of gold may not remain at a level allowing us to economically exploit our
reserves. It is our policy not to hedge this commodity price risk.
Concentration of credit risk
Credit risk is the risk of financial loss to us if a customer or counterparty to a financial instrument fails to meet its
contractual obligations, and arises principally from our receivables from customers and investment securities
.
Our financial instruments do not represent a concentration of credit risk, because we deal with a variety of major banks and
financial institutions located in South Africa after evaluating the credit ratings of the representative financial institutions.
Furthermore, our trade receivables and loans are regularly monitored and assessed for recoverability. Where it is appropriate, an
impairment loss is raised. In addition, our South African operations deliver their gold to Rand Refinery Proprietary Limited (Rand
Refinery), which refines the gold to saleable purity levels and then sells the gold, on behalf of the South African operations, on the
bullion market. The gold is sold by Rand Refinery usually on the same day as it is delivered and settlement is made within two days.
Foreign currency risk
Our reporting currency is the South African rand. Although gold is sold in US dollars, the Company is obliged to convert
this into rands. We are thus exposed to fluctuations in the US dollar/ rand exchange rate. Foreign exchange fluctuations affect the
cash flow that we will realize from our operations as gold is sold in US dollars, while production costs are incurred primarily in rands.
Our results are positively affected when the US dollar strengthens against the rand and adversely affected when the US dollar
weakens against the rand. Our cash and cash equivalent balances are held in US dollars and rands; holdings denominated in other
currencies are relatively insignificant.
Long-term debt
Set out below is an analysis of our debt as at June 30, 2013, analyzed between fixed and variable interest rates. All of our
long-term debt is denominated in South African rand.
Total
R'000
Interest rate
Variable rate ......................................................................................................
167,626
Weighted average interest rate ..........................................................................
9.1% - 10.2%
Fixed rate ..........................................................................................................
-
Weighted average interest rate ..........................................................................
-
Total .................................................................................................................
167,626
Repayment period
2014 ..................................................................................................................
24,294
2015 ..................................................................................................................
143,332
Total .................................................................................................................
167,626
Based on our fiscal 2013 financial results, a hypothetical 10% (increase)/decrease in interest rate activity would
(increase)/decrease our interest expense by R1.7 million.
background image
98
ITEM 12. DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES
12A. DEBT SECURITIES
Not applicable.
12B. WARRANTS AND RIGHTS
Not applicable.
12C. OTHER SECURITIES
Not applicable.
12D. AMERICAN DEPOSITARY SHARES
Depositary Fees and Charges
DRDGOLD’s American Depository Shares, or ADSs, each representing ten of DRDGOLD’s ordinary shares, are traded on
the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE under the symbol “DRD” (until December 29, 2011 our ADSs were traded on the Nasdaq
Capital Market under the symbol “DROOY”). The ADSs are evidenced by American Depository Receipts, or ADRs, issued by The
Bank of New York Mellon, as Depository under the Amended and Restated Deposit Agreement dated as of August 12, 1996, as
amended and restated as of October 2, 1996, as further amended and restated as of August 6, 1998, as further amended and restated
July 23, 2007, among DRDGOLD Limited, The Bank of New York Mellon and owners and beneficial owners of ADRs from time to
time. ADR holders may have to pay the following service fees to the Depositary:
Service
Fees (USD)
Issuance of ADSs, including issuances resulting from a distribution of ordinary
shares or rights ......................................................................................................
$5.00 (or less) per 100 ADSs (or
portion thereof)
1
Cancellation of ADSs for the purpose of withdrawal, including if the Deposit
Agreement terminates ...........................................................................................
$5.00 (or less) per 100 ADSs (or
portion thereof)
1
Distribution of cash dividends or other cash distributions .......................................          2 cents (or less) per ADS (or portion
thereof)
2
Distribution of securities distributed to holders of deposited securities which are
distributed by the Depositary to ADS registered holders
$5.00 (or less) per 100 ADSs (or
portion thereof)
2
In addition, ADR holders are responsible for certain fees and expenses incurred by the Depositary on their behalf including
(1) taxes and other governmental charges, (2) such registration fees as may from time to time be in effect for the registration of
transfers of ordinary shares generally on the share register and applicable to transfers of ordinary shares to the name of the Depositary
or its nominee or the Custodian or its nominee on the making of deposits or withdrawals, (3) such cable, telex and facsimile
transmission expenses as are expressly provided in the Deposit Agreement, and (4) such expenses as are incurred by the Depositary
in the conversion of foreign currency to U.S. Dollars.
The Depositary collects its fees for delivery and surrender of ADSs directly from investors depositing or surrendering ADSs
for the purpose of withdrawal or from intermediaries acting for them. The Depositary, collects fees for making distributions to
investors by deducting those fees from the amounts distributed or by selling a portion of distributable property to pay the fees. The
Depositary may collect its annual fee for depositary services by deductions from cash distributions or by directly billing investors or
by charging the book-entry system accounts of participants acting for them. The Depositary may generally refuse to provide fee-
attracting services until its fees for those services are paid.
Depositary Payments for Fiscal 2013
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013, The Bank of New York Mellon, as Depositary, has agreed to reimburse DRDGOLD
an amount of $483,680.81 mainly for contributions towards the Company’s investor relations activities (including investor meetings,
conferences and fees of investor relations service vendors).
1
These fees are typically paid to the Depositary by the brokers on behalf of their clients receiving the newly-issued ADSs from the Depositary
or delivering the ADSs to the Depositary for cancellation. The brokers in turn charge these transaction fees to their clients.
2
In practice, the Depositary has not collected these fees. If collected, such fees are offset against the related distribution made to the ADR
holder.
background image
99
PART II
ITEM 13. DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES
There have been no material defaults in the payment of principal, interest, a sinking or purchase fund installment, or any
other material defaults with respect to any indebtedness of ours.
ITEM 14. MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF
PROCEEDS
Not applicable.
ITEM 15. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
15A. Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As of June 30, 2013, our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer
has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as this term is defined under the rules of the SEC). Our
management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that our disclosure controls and
procedures were effective as of June 30, 2013.
Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be
disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed,
summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the applicable rules and forms and that such information required to
be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our
management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions
regarding required disclosures.
There are inherent limitations in the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures. These limitations
include the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, any such
system can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives.
15B. Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting.
Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act
of 1934 as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and
effected by our board, management and other personnel to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial
reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS. Under Section 404 of the
Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002, management is required to assess our internal controls surrounding the financial reporting process as
at the end of each fiscal year. Based on that assessment, management is to determine whether or not our internal controls over
financial reporting are effective.
Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that:
· pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and
  dispositions of our assets;
· provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements
  in accordance with IFRS, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with
  authorizations of our management and board; and
· provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition
  of our assets that could have a material effect on our financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements.
Instead, it must be noted that even those systems that management deems to be effective can only provide reasonable assurance
with respect to the preparation and presentation of our financial statements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to
future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of
compliance with the policies and procedures.
Our management assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2013. In
making this assessment, our management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the
Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework. Based on our assessment and those criteria, our
management concluded that as of June 30, 2013 our internal control over financial reporting was effective.
background image
100
15C. Independent Auditor’s Attestation Report
The effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2013 was audited by KPMG Inc.,
independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report on page F-1 of this Form 20-F.
15D. Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Changes that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial
reporting during the period covered by the annual report, need to be identified and reported as required by paragraph (d) of Rule
13a-15.
During the year ended June 30, 2013, there have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting that
have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
ITEM 16A. AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT
Mr. R.P. Hume, Chairman of the Audit Committee, has been determined by our board to be an audit committee financial
expert within the meaning of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, in accordance with the Rules of the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE,
and rules promulgated by the SEC and independent both under the New York Stock Exchange Rules and the South African
Johannesburg Stock Exchange Rules. The board is satisfied that the skills, experience and attributes of the members of the audit
committee are sufficient to enable those members to discharge the responsibilities of the audit committee.
ITEM 16B. CODE OF ETHICS
We have adopted a Code of Ethics and Conduct that applies to all senior executives including our Non-Executive
Chairman, the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer and the Group Financial Manager and
Financial Manager at each mining operation as well as all other employees. The Code of Ethics was last updated on February 9,
2012. The Code of Ethics and Conduct can be accessed on the Company’s website at www.drdgold.com.
ITEM 16C. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES
KPMG Inc. has served as our independent public accountant for the fiscal years ending June 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011, for
which audited financial statements appear in this Annual Report. The Annual General Meeting elects the auditors annually.
The following table presents the aggregate fees for professional audit services and other services rendered by KPMG Inc. to
us in fiscal 2013 and 2012:
Auditors' remuneration
Year ended June
30,
2013           2012
R’000
R’000
Audit fees ..........................................................................................................................................................           6,702
10,019
Audit-related fees ..............................................................................................................................................                                    -
Tax fees ............................................................................................................................................................ 
                                   -
All other fees .................................................................................................................................................... 
              458
-
7,160        10,019
Audit Fees
Audit fees billed for the annual audit services engagement, which are those services that the external auditor reasonably can
provide, include the company audit; statutory audits; comfort letters and consents; attest services; and assistance with and review of
documents filed with the SEC.
Audit-Related Fees
For fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, no audit-related fees were incurred.
Tax Fees
For fiscal 2013 and fiscal 2012, no fees have been billed for tax compliance, tax advice or tax planning services.
background image
101
All Other Fees
All other fees consist of all fees billed which are not included under audit fees, audit related fees or tax fees. The other
fees billed in 2013 related to agreed upon procedures consisting of a gap analysis on our Integrated Report for fiscal 2013, which
is an annual report required by King III and provides an account of our operational, financial, economic, social and environmental
performance, as well our governance, and limited assurance on specified items contained in our Sustainable Development Report
for fiscal 2013, which is an annual report in line with the Global Reporting Initiative and provides an account of our economic,
social and environmental performance. There were no such fees billed for in fiscal 2012.
The Audit Committee is directly responsible for recommending the appointment, re-appointment and removal of the
external auditors as well as the remuneration and terms of engagement of the external auditors. The committee pre-approves, and
has pre-approved, all non-audit services provided by the external auditors. The Audit Committee considered all of the fees
mentioned above and determined that such fees are compatible with maintaining KPMG Inc.’s independence.
ITEM 16D. EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES
Not applicable.
ITEM 16E. PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS
Not applicable.
ITEM 16F. CHANGE IN REGISTRANT'S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT
Not applicable.
ITEM 16G. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
As a foreign private issuer with shares listed on the NYSE, we are subject to corporate governance requirements imposed by
NYSE. Under section 303A.11 of the NYSE Listing Standards, a foreign private issuer such as us may follow its home country
corporate governance practices in lieu of certain of the NYSE Listing Standards on corporate governance. The following paragraphs
summarize the significant differences between our corporate governance practices and those followed by U.S. companies listed on
the NYSE:
Independence of audit committee members
NYSE Listing Standards require a NYSE listed company to have an audit committee composed of at least three independent
members. A foreign private issuer may be exempted from the requirement that all members of the audit committee qualify as
independent under NYSE Listing Standards Rules provided, among other requirements, that the members of the audit committee are
independent under Exchange Act Rule 10A-3. As at September 30, 2013 all of our audit committee members are independent both
under the NYSE Listing Standards and the South African Johannesburg Stock Exchange Rules.
Shareholder meeting quorum requirements
Section 310.00 of the NYSE Listing Standards provides that the quorum required for any meeting of holders of common
stock should be sufficiently high to insure a representative vote. Consistent with the practice of companies incorporated in South
Africa, our Memorandum of Incorporation only requires a quorum of three members and we have elected to follow country rule.
Executive Sessions
Section 303A.03 of the NYSE Listing Standards provides that “non-management” directors of listed companies must meet
at regularly scheduled executive sessions in the absence of management. The JSE Listings Requirements makes no provision for such
meetings, however the non-executive directors of DRDGOLD do meet without management on a regular basis but in an informal
setting and no minutes are prepared.
Nominations Committee
Section 303A.04 of the NYSE Listing Standards provides listed companies must have a nominating/corporate governance
committee composed entirely of independent directors. The JSE Listings Requirements only require that the members of such a
committee be non-executive directors, the majority of whom must be independent. DRDGOLD has such a nominations committee
whose members are independent under both the NYSE Listings Standards and the JSE Listings Requirements.
ITEM 16H. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
background image
102
PART III
ITEM 17. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Not applicable.
ITEM 18. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The following annual financial statements and related auditor’s reports are filed as part of this Annual Report.
Page
Report of the independent registered public accounting firm ................................................................................................
F-1
Consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the years ended June 30, 2013, 2012
and 2011 ..........................................................................................................................................................................
F-2 to F-3
Consolidated statement of financial position at June 30, 2013 and 2012. ............................................................................
F-4
Consolidated statement of changes in equity for the years ended June 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011. ........................................
F-5
Consolidated statement of cash flows for the years ended June 30, 2013, 2012 and 2011. ...................................................
F-6
Notes to the financial statements. .......................................................................................................................................
F-7 to F-71
background image
F-1
Report of the Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of DRDGOLD Limited.

We have audited the accompanying consolidated statement of financial position of DRDGOLD Limited and its subsidiaries as of
June 30, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity,
and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended June 30, 2013. We also have audited DRDGOLD Limited’s
internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework
issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). DRDGOLD Limited’s management is
responsible for these consolidated financial statements, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its
assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Annual
Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial
statements and an opinion on DRDGOLD Limited’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those
standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of
material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our
audits of the consolidated financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in
the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the
overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of
internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and
operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as
we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability
of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with International Financial
Reporting Standards. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to
the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the
company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in
accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only
in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding
prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material
effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections
of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in
conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of
DRDGOLD Limited and subsidiaries as of June 30, 2013 and 2012, and the results of their operations and cash flows for each of the
years in the three-year period ended June 30, 2013, in conformity with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the
International Accounting Standards Board. Also in our opinion, DRDGOLD Limited maintained, in all material respects, effective
internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework
issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.
/s/ KPMG Inc.
KPMG Inc.
Registered Accountants and Auditors
Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
October 25, 2013
background image
F-2
DRDGOLD Limited
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF PROFIT OR LOSS AND OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
for the year ended June 30, 2013
Continuing operations
Discontinued operations
1
Total operations
2013
2012
2011
2013
2012
2011
2013                  2012                2011
Note                    R'000
R'000
R’000
R'000
R'000
R’000
R'000                R'000               R'000
Revenue                                              3
2,076,496
1,764,191
1,379,459
-
1,240,073
1,185,860
2,076,496
3,004,264
2,565,319
Cost of sales
(1,639,377)
(1,400,268)
(1,179,430)
-
(1,101,594)
(1,164,118)
(1,639,377)
(2,501,862)       (2,343,548)
Operating costs
(1,497,439)
(1,231,020)
(1,041,658)
-
(1,061,770)
(1,101,953)
(1,497,439)
(2,292,790)       (2,143,611)
Depreciation                                       9
(143,766)
(119,189)
(98,281)
-
(1,661)
(32,638)
(143,766)
(120,850)          (130,919)
Retrenchment costs
4
(565)
-
(839)
-
(43,747)
-
(565)
(43,747)                  (839)
Movement in provision for
environmental rehabilitation
17
(15,334)
(59,486)
(46,918)
-
301
(5,649)
(15,334)
(59,185)
(52,567)
Movement in gold in progress
17,727
9,427
8,266
-
5,283
(23,878)
17,727
14,710             (15,612)
Gross profit from operating
activities 
                                                             437,119
363,923
200,029
-
138,479
21,742
437,119
502,402             221,771
Impairments                                       4
(238,001)
(1,100)
(1,090)
-
-
(546,566)
(238,001)
(1,100)           (547,656)
Administration expenses and
general costs
(78,070)
(110,619)
(86,305)
-
(10,918)
(1,781)
(78,070)
(121,537)             (88,086)
Results from operating
activities
121,048
252,204
112,634
-
127,561
(526,605)
121,048
379,765          (413,971)
Finance income
5
65,968
24,446
17,064
-
8,994
35,728
65,968
33,440
52,792
Finance expenses
6
(41,975)
(15,678)
(16,606)
-
(2,028)
(5,441)
(41,975)
(17,706)             (22,047)
Profit/(loss) before taxation
145,041
260,972
113,092
-
134,527
(496,318)
145,041
395,499           (383,226)
Income tax
7
(44,941)
(8,010)
(29,593)
-
-
(2,559)
(44,941)
(8,010)             (32,152)
Profit/(loss) before loss on
disposal of discontinued
operation 
                                                            100,100
252,962
83,499
-
134,527
(498,877)
100,100
387,489          (415,378)
Loss on disposal of discontinued
operations 
                                       11
-
-
-
-
(10,532)
-
-
(10,532)
-
Profit/(loss) for the year
100,100
252,962
83,499
-
123,995
(498,877)
100,100
376,957           (415,378)
Attributable to:
Equity owners of the parent
59,194
217,301
67,070
-
91,374
(354,985)
59,194
308,675           (287,915)
Non-controlling interest
40,906
35,661
16,429
-
32,621
(143,892)
40,906
68,282
(127,463)
Profit/(loss) for the year
100,100
252,962
83,499
-
123,995
(498,877)
100,100
376,957           (415,378)
¹
The discontinued operations relate to the disposal of Blyvooruitzicht Gold Mining Company Limited (Blyvoor) on June 1, 2012.
background image
F-3
DRDGOLD Limited
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF PROFIT OR LOSS AND OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (continued)
for the year ended June 30, 2013
Continuing operations
Discontinued operations
1
Total operations
                                                                                        2013
2012
2011
2013
2012
2011
2013
2012
2011
Note
R'000
R'000
R'000
R'000
R'000
R'000
R'000
R'000
R'000
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
Items that are or may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss
Net foreign exchange translation reserve
9,134
(3,999)
747
-
-
-
9,134
(3,999)
747
Foreign exchange profit/(loss) on translation
9,134
(3,999)
747
-
-
-
9,134
(3,999)
747
Deferred taxation thereon
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Net fair value adjustment on
available-for-sale investment
34,570
16,480
116
-
2,703
159
34,570
19,183
275
Fair value adjustment on available-for-sale
investment
(72,113)
20,572
96
-
2,328
118
(72,113)
22,900
214
Impairment of available-for-sale investment
reclassified to profit or loss
101,261