Company Quick10K Filing
Quick10K
Dynasil of America
Closing Price ($) Shares Out (MM) Market Cap ($MM)
$1.14 17 $20
10-Q 2018-12-31 Quarter: 2018-12-31
10-K 2018-09-30 Annual: 2018-09-30
10-Q 2018-06-30 Quarter: 2018-06-30
10-Q 2018-03-31 Quarter: 2018-03-31
10-Q 2017-12-31 Quarter: 2017-12-31
10-K 2017-09-30 Annual: 2017-09-30
10-Q 2017-06-30 Quarter: 2017-06-30
10-Q 2017-03-31 Quarter: 2017-03-31
10-Q 2016-12-31 Quarter: 2016-12-31
10-K 2016-09-30 Annual: 2016-09-30
10-Q 2016-06-30 Quarter: 2016-06-30
10-Q 2016-03-31 Quarter: 2016-03-31
10-Q 2015-12-31 Quarter: 2015-12-31
10-K 2015-09-30 Annual: 2015-09-30
10-Q 2015-06-30 Quarter: 2015-06-30
10-Q 2015-03-31 Quarter: 2015-03-31
10-Q 2014-12-31 Quarter: 2014-12-31
10-K 2014-09-30 Annual: 2014-09-30
10-Q 2014-06-30 Quarter: 2014-06-30
10-Q 2014-03-31 Quarter: 2014-03-31
10-Q 2013-12-31 Quarter: 2013-12-31
8-K 2019-04-04
8-K 2019-02-28
8-K 2019-02-28 Regulation FD, Exhibits
8-K 2019-01-08
8-K 2018-07-20
8-K 2018-02-22
CCL Carnival 39,290
TTM Tata Motors 11,100
BKU Bankunited 3,520
SJW SJW Group 1,730
MGIC Magic Software Enterprises 455
LOOP Loop Industries 255
AE Adams Resources & Energy 153
COHN Cohen 8
PVOTF Pivot Pharmaceuticals 0
MMMB Mamamancini's Holdings 0
DYSL 2018-12-31
Part I - Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Note 1 - Basis of Presentation
Note 2 - Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Note 3 - Xcede Technologies, Inc. Joint Venture
Note 4 - Inventories
Note 5 - Intangible Assets
Note 6 - Goodwill
Note 7 - Debt
Note 8 - Earnings (Loss) per Common Share
Note 9 - Stock Based Compensation
Note 10 - Segment, Customer and Geographical Reporting
Note 11 - Income Taxes
Note 12 - Subsequent Events
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 4 Controls and Procedures
Part II - Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 6 Exhibits
EX-31.1A tv512670_ex31-1a.htm
EX-31.1B tv512670_ex31-1b.htm
EX-32.1 tv512670_ex32-1.htm
EX-99.1 tv512670_ex99-1.htm

Dynasil of America Earnings 2018-12-31

DYSL 10Q Quarterly Report

Balance SheetIncome StatementCash Flow

10-Q 1 tv512670_10q.htm FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

U. S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

x  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018

 

¨  TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM _______ TO ______.

 

Commission file number: 001-35011

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware 22-1734088
(State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization) Identification No.)

 

313 Washington Street, Suite 403, Newton, MA 02458
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (617) 668-6855

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the past 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  x   No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x   No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer x Smaller reporting company x
Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. Yes  ¨   No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨   No x

 

As of February 6, 2019 there were 17,465,544 shares of common stock, par value $.0005 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

INDEX

  Page
PART 1.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1.   Financial Statements  
   
DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES  
   
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND SEPTEMBER 30, 2018 3
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017 5
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017 6
   
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017 7
   
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 8
   
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 24
   
Item 4.  Controls and Procedures 32
   
PART II.  OTHER INFORMATION 33
   
Item 1A. Risk Factors 33
   
Item 6.   Exhibits 33
   
Signatures 33

 

 2 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

 

   December 31,   September 30, 
   2018   2018 
ASSETS          
Current Assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $1,165,000   $2,327,000 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $269,000 and $262,000 at December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, respectively   3,471,000    4,069,000 
Unbilled receivables   1,245,000    1,214,000 
Contract assets   21,000    1,000 
Inventories, net of reserves   4,492,000    4,106,000 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   801,000    664,000 
Total current assets   11,195,000    12,381,000 
           
Property, Plant and Equipment, net   7,956,000    8,098,000 
           
Other Assets          
Intangibles, net   718,000    755,000 
Deferred tax asset   4,394,000    4,333,000 
Goodwill   5,864,000    5,900,000 
Long term contract assets   4,000    7,000 
Security deposits   53,000    58,000 
Total other assets   11,033,000    11,053,000 
           
Total Assets  $30,184,000   $31,532,000 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY          
Current Liabilities          
Equipment line of credit  $240,000   $- 
Current portion of long-term debt   1,253,000    1,246,000 
Capital lease obligations, current portion   34,000    40,000 
Accounts payable   1,669,000    2,355,000 
Contract liabilities   157,000    253,000 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   2,322,000    2,803,000 
Total current liabilities   5,675,000    6,697,000 
           
Long-term Liabilities          
Long-term debt, net of current portion   1,898,000    2,075,000 
Capital lease obligations, net of current portion   44,000    52,000 
Deferred tax liability, net   199,000    205,000 
Other long-term liabilities   178,000    175,000 
Total long-term liabilities   2,319,000    2,507,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 3 

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED) (Continued)

 

   December 31,   September 30, 
   2018   2018 
Stockholders' Equity          
Common Stock, $0.0005 par value, 40,000,000 shares authorized, 18,198,121 and 18,152,074 shares issued, 17,387,961 and and 17,341,914 shares outstanding at December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, respectively.   9,000    9,000 
Additional paid in capital   21,946,000    21,865,000 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)   (841,000)   (700,000)
Retained earnings   770,000    841,000 
Less 810,160 shares of treasury stock - at cost   (986,000)   (986,000)
Total Dynasil stockholders' equity   20,898,000    21,029,000 
Noncontrolling interest   1,292,000    1,299,000 
Total stockholders' equity   22,190,000    22,328,000 
           
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity  $30,184,000   $31,532,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Three Months Ended 
   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Net revenue  $10,028,000   $9,189,000 
Cost of revenue   6,336,000    5,614,000 
Gross profit   3,692,000    3,575,000 
Operating expenses:          
Sales and marketing   398,000    279,000 
Research and development   177,000    308,000 
General and administrative   3,242,000    3,157,000 
           
Total operating expenses   3,817,000    3,744,000 
Income (loss) from operations   (125,000)   (169,000)
Interest expense, net   42,000    43,000 
Income (loss) before taxes   (167,000)   (212,000)
Income tax (benefit)   (65,000)   660,000 
Net income (loss)   (102,000)   (872,000)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest   (9,000)   (75,000)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders  $(93,000)  $(797,000)
           
Net income (loss)  $(102,000)  $(872,000)
Other comprehensive income (loss):          
Foreign currency translation   (141,000)   35,000 
Total comprehensive income (loss)   (243,000)   (837,000)
Less: comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest   (9,000)   (75,000)
Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to common stockholders  $(234,000)  $(762,000)
           
Basic net income (loss) per common share  $(0.01)  $(0.05)
Diluted net income (loss) per common share  $(0.01)  $(0.05)
           
Weighted average shares outstanding          
Basic   17,324,976    17,047,690 
Diluted   17,324,976    17,047,690 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 5 

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

                   Retained                 
           Additional   Other   Earnings               Total 
   Common   Common   Paid-in   Comprehensive   (Accumulated   Treasury Stock   Noncontrolling   Stockholders' 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Income (Loss)   Deficit)   Shares   Amount   Interest   Equity 
Balance, September 30, 2018   18,152,074    9,000    21,865,000    (700,000)   841,000    810,160    (986,000)   1,299,000    22,328,000 
                                              
Impact of change in accounting policy   -    -    -    -    22,000    -    -    -    22,000 
                                              
Issuance of shares of common stock under employee stock purchase plan   6,318    -    5,000    -    -    -    -    -    5,000 
                                              
Stock-based compensation costs   39,729    -    76,000    -    -    -    -    2,000    78,000 
                                              
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    (141,000)   -    -    -    -    (141,000)
                                              
Net income (loss)   -    -    -    -    (93,000)   -    -    (9,000)   (102,000)
Balance, December 31, 2018   18,198,121    9,000    21,946,000    (841,000)   770,000    810,160    (986,000)   1,292,000    22,190,000 
                                     
                   Retained                 
           Additional   Other   Earnings               Total 
   Common   Common   Paid-in   Comprehensive   (Accumulated   Treasury Stock   Noncontrolling   Stockholders' 
   Shares   Amount   Capital   Income (Loss)   Deficit)   Shares   Amount   Interest   Equity 
Balance, September 30, 2017   17,893,763    9,000    21,406,000    (539,000)   (919,000)   810,160    (986,000)   1,454,000    20,425,000 
Issuance of shares of common stock under employee stock purchase plan   4,420    -    4,000    -    -    -    -    -    4,000 
                                              
Stock-based compensation costs   31,000    -    89,000    -    -    -    -    4,000    93,000 
                                              
Foreign currency translation adjustment   -    -    -    35,000    -    -    -    -    35,000 
                                              
Net income (loss)   -    -    -    -    (797,000)   -    -    (75,000)   (872,000)
Balance, December 31, 2017   17,929,183    9,000    21,499,000    (504,000)   (1,716,000)   810,160    (986,000)   1,383,000    19,685,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 6 

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Three Months Ended 
   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
Cash flows from operating activities:          
Net income (loss)  $(102,000)  $(872,000)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash:          
Stock compensation expense   78,000    93,000 
Foreign exchange loss (gain)   18,000    (7,000)
Depreciation and amortization   338,000    299,000 
Deferred income taxes   (62,000)   533,000 
Non-cash R&D services   -    163,000 
Other   10,000    44,000 
Other changes in assets and liabilities:          
Accounts receivable, net   567,000    (333,000)
Unbilled receivables   10,000    88,000 
Contract assets   (17,000)   - 
Inventories   (443,000)   (198,000)
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (139,000)   51,000 
Accounts payable   (674,000)   (483,000)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities   (473,000)   (236,000)
Contract liabilities   (95,000)   (95,000)
Net cash from operating activities   (984,000)   (953,000)
           
Cash flows from investing activities:          
Purchases of property, plant and equipment   (204,000)   (609,000)
Purchase of intangibles   -    (16,000)
Net cash from investing activities   (204,000)   (625,000)
           
Cash flows from financing activities:          
Proceeds from issuance of common stock   5,000    4,000 
Principal payments on capital leases   (14,000)   (26,000)
Proceeds from (payments of) equipment line of credit, net   240,000    281,000 
Proceeds from (payments of) bank and subordinated debt, net   (172,000)   (141,000)
Net cash from financing activities   59,000    118,000 
           
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents   (33,000)   6,000 
           
Net change in cash and cash equivalents   (1,162,000)   (1,454,000)
           
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning  $2,327,000   $2,415,000 
Cash and cash equivalents, ending  $1,165,000   $961,000 
           
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:          
Cash paid (received) during the year for:          
Interest  $45,000   $37,000 
Tax payments (refunds)   (15,000)   4,000 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

 7 

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

Note 1 - Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2018, the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, changes in stockholders’ equity for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and cash flows for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 of Dynasil Corporation of America and subsidiaries (the “Company”), and the related information contained in these notes have been prepared by management and are unaudited. Xcede Technologies, Inc. (“Xcede”) is a joint venture between Dynasil Biomedical and Mayo Clinic to spin out and separately fund the development of a tissue sealant technology. As of December 31, 2018, Dynasil Biomedical owned 63% of Xcede’s stock and, as a result, Xcede is included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, results of operations and cash flows. The remaining 37% of Xcede’s stock is owned by others and is accounted for under the rules applicable to non-controlling interest. Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications did not affect previously reported net income or stockholders’ equity. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring and nonrecurring items) necessary to present fairly the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles for the periods presented have been made. Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results for a full year.

 

The preparation of our unaudited consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the unaudited consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the Company's annual financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's September 30, 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K previously filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

The Company considers events or transactions that have occurred after the unaudited consolidated balance sheet date of December 31, 2018, but prior to the filing of the unaudited consolidated financial statements with the SEC on this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, to provide additional evidence relative to certain estimates or to identify matters that require additional disclosure, as applicable. Subsequent events have been evaluated through the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the SEC.

 

 

Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

Effective October 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the modified retrospective transition method. Under the modified retrospective approach, the Company applied the standards to new contracts and those that were not completed as of October 1, 2018. For those contracts not completed as of October 1, 2018, this method resulted in a cumulative adjustment to increase the retained earnings in the amount of $22,000. Prior periods will not be retrospectively adjusted, but the Company will maintain dual reporting for the year of initial application in order to disclose the effect on revenue of adopting the new guidance. The cumulative effect of the changes made to the October 1, 2018 unaudited consolidated balance sheet for the adoption of Topic 606 was as follows:

 

 8 

 

 

   Balance at   Adjustment for   Adjusted balance at 
   September 30, 2018   Topic 606   October 1, 2018 
Assets:               
Unbilled receivables   1,214,000    40,000    1,254,000 
Inventories, net of reserves   4,106,000    (18,000)   4,088,000 
                
Liabilities:               
                
Contract liabilities   253,000    -    253,000 
                
Stockholders' equity:               
Retained earnings   841,000    22,000    863,000 

 

Contract assets were formerly reported within costs in excess of billings and unbilled receivables. Contract liabilities were formerly reported as deferred revenue. The titles have been changed in the table below to be consistent with accounts currently used under the new standard.

 

   September 30, 2018 
   As Reported   As Adopted 
Unbilled receivables   1,215,000    1,214,000 
Contract assets   -    1,000 
Security and other deposits   65,000    58,000 
Long term contract assets   -    7,000 
Deferred revenue   253,000    - 
Contract liabilities   -    253,000 

 

The Company receives payments from customers based on a billing schedule as established in our contracts. Contract asset relates to our conditional right to consideration for our completed performance under the contract. Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional. Contract liability relates to payments received in advance of performance under the contract. Contract liabilities are recognized as revenue as (or when) we perform under the contract. The Company recognized revenue in the amount of $115,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2018 for amounts included in the contract liability balance at September 30, 2018.

 

Under the new standard, most contracts in the Innovation and Development (formerly Contract Research) segment, which primarily provide contract research services, were not materially impacted upon the adoption of Topic 606 as revenue will continue to be recognized over time. Contracts in the Optics segment generally provide for the following revenue sources: standard product sales, custom product development and sales, and non-recurring engineering contracts. Revenues for this segment are recognized using either the “point in time” or “over time” methods of Topic 606, depending upon the revenue source. The change in revenue recognition for the Optics segment related to certain custom optics products and the related non-recurring engineering costs which changed from “point in time” to “over time” upon the adoption of Topic 606. This change will result in the recognition of revenue over time when compared to existing standards with the cumulative adjustment relating to contracts that are not complete as of September 30, 2018 recognized as an adjustment of $22,000 to opening retained earnings on October 1, 2018. The revenue for the standard products will be recognized using the "point in time" criteria of Topic 606, and the timing of such revenue recognition is not expected to differ materially from the historical revenue recognition. Other immaterial adjustments related to the Optics segment that are sometimes offered to customers include customer rights of return and volume discounts. The Company has elected the practical expedient that the Company will not be required to adjust promised amounts of consideration for the effects of a significant financing component if the transfer of promised goods or services will occur in one year or less.

 

 9 

 

 

The impact of the adoption of ASC 606 on the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was immaterial as compared to what would have been reported under the previous guidance.

 

Innovation and Development Segment Revenues

 

The Company performs research and development for U.S. Federal government agencies, educational institutions and commercial organizations. The Company accounts for a research contract when a contract has been executed, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance, and collectability of the contract price is considered probable. Revenue is earned under reimbursement of costs plus fees, fixed price, or time and material type contracts.

 

The Company’s contracts with agencies of the U.S. government are subject to periodic funding by the respective contracting agency. Funding for a contract may be provided in full at inception of the contract or ratably throughout the contract as the services are provided. In evaluating the probability of funding for purposes of assessing collectability of the contract price, the Company considers previous experience with the customers, communication with the customers regarding funding status, and knowledge of available funding for the contract or program. If funding is not assessed as probable, revenue recognition is deferred until realization is reasonably assured.

 

Under the typical payment terms of the Company’s U.S. government contracts, the customer pays either performance-based payments or progress payments. Performance-based payments, which are typically used in the firm fixed price contracts, are interim payments based on quantifiable measures of performance or on the achievement of specified events or milestones. Progress payments, which are typically used in the Company’s cost-plus type contracts, are interim payments based on costs incurred as the work progresses. For the Company’s U.S. government cost-plus contracts, the customer generally pays during the performance period for 80%-90% of the actual costs incurred. Because the customer retains a small portion of the contract price until completion of the contract and audit of allowable costs, cost-plus type contracts generally result in revenue recognized in excess of billings which the Company presents as contract assets on the balance sheet. Amounts billed and due from customers are classified as receivables on the balance sheet, whereas amounts earned, but not yet billed to the Company’s customers due to timing, are classified as unbilled receivables on the balance sheet. The Company recognizes a liability for performance-based payments paid in advance which are in excess of the revenue recognized and presents these amounts as contract liabilities on the balance sheet.

 

To determine the proper revenue recognition method for research and development contracts, the Company evaluates whether two or more contracts should be combined and accounted for as one single modified contract and whether the combined or single contract should be accounted for as more than one performance obligation. For instances where a contract has options that were bid with the initial contract and awarded at a later date, the Company combines the options with the original contract when options are awarded. For most contracts, the customer contracts for research with multiple milestones that are interdependent, thus, the entire contract is accounted for as one performance obligation. The effect of the combined or modified contract on the transaction price and measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase in or a reduction of revenue) on a cumulative catch-up basis.

 

Contract revenue recognition is measured over time as the Company performs the work because of continuous transfer of knowledge and control to the customer. For U.S. government contracts which are typically subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulation ("FAR"), this continuous transfer of knowledge and control to the customer is supported by clauses in the contract that allow the customer to unilaterally terminate the contract for convenience, pay for cost incurred plus a reasonable profit and take control of any work in process. From time to time, as part of normal management processes, facts may change, causing revisions to estimated total costs or revenues expected. The cumulative impact of any revisions to estimates and the full impact of anticipated losses on any type of contract are recognized in the period in which they become known.

 

 10 

 

 

Because of knowledge and control transferring over time, revenue is recognized based on the extent of progress towards completion of the performance obligation. The selection of the method to measure progress towards completion requires judgment and is based on the nature of the services to be provided. The Company generally uses the input method, more specifically the cost-to-cost measure of progress for the contracts because it best depicts the transfer of knowledge and control to the customer which occurs as the Company incur costs on these contracts. Under the cost-to-cost measure of progress, the extent of progress towards completion is measured based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. The underlying bases for estimating contract research revenues are measurable expenses, such as labor, subcontractor costs and materials, and data that are updated on a regular basis for purposes of preparing cost estimates. The Company’s research contracts generally have a period of performance of six months to three years, and estimates of contract costs have historically been consistent with actual results. Revisions in these estimates between accounting periods to reflect changing facts and circumstances have not had a material impact on operating results, and the Company does not expect future changes in these estimates to be material. The cumulative impact of any revisions to estimates and the full impact of anticipated losses on any type of contract are recognized in the period in which they become known.

 

Under cost-plus contracts, the Company is reimbursed for costs that are determined to be reasonable, allowable and allocable to the contract and paid a fixed fee representing the profit negotiated between the Company and the contracting agency. Revenue from cost-plus contracts is recognized as costs are incurred plus an estimate of applicable fees earned. The Company considers fixed fees under cost-plus contracts to be earned in proportion to the allowable costs incurred in performance of the contract.

 

Revenue from time and materials contracts is recognized based on direct labor hours expended at contract billing rates plus other billable direct costs. The Company has elected the practical expedient to recognize revenue in the amount for which it has the right to invoice the customer, provided that invoiced amount corresponds directly with the value to the customer of the Company’s performance to date.

 

Fixed price contracts may include either a product delivery or specific service performance throughout a period. For fixed price contracts that are based on the proportional performance method and involve a specified number of deliverables, the Company recognizes revenue based on the proportion of the cost of the deliverables compared to the cost of all deliverables included in the contract as this method more accurately measures performance under these arrangements. For fixed price contracts that provide for the development and delivery of a specific prototype or product, revenue is recognized based upon the performance completed to date, using an output method of revenue recognition based on milestones reached.

 

Whether certain costs under government contracts are allowable is subject to audit by the government. Certain indirect costs are charged to contracts using provisional or estimated indirect rates, which are subject to later revision based on government audits of those costs. Management is of the opinion that costs subsequently disallowed, if any, would not likely have a significant impact on revenues recognized for those contracts.

 

Optics Segment Revenues

 

The Company produces standard and customized products for commercial organizations, educational institutions, and U.S. Federal government agencies. In addition, the Company also offers services which include non-recurring engineering services. To determine the proper revenue recognition method for Optics contracts, the Company evaluates whether two or more contracts should be combined and accounted for as one single contract and whether the combined or single contract should be accounted for as more than one performance obligation. The Company recognizes revenue when the performance obligation has been satisfied by transferring the control of the product or service to the customer. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation based on their relative stand-alone selling prices. In such circumstances, the Company uses the observable price of goods or services which are sold separately in similar circumstances to similar customers. If these prices are not observable, then the Company will estimate the stand-alone selling price using information that is reasonably available. For the majority of the Company’s standard products and services, price list, and discount structures related to customer type are available. For products and services that do not have price list and discount structures, the Company may use one or more of the following: (i) adjusted market assessment approach or (ii) expected cost plus a margin approach. The adjusted market approach requires evaluation of the market in which the Company sells goods or services and estimates the price that a customer in that market would be willing to pay for those goods or services. The expected cost plus margin approach requires the Company to forecast expected costs of satisfying the performance obligation and then add a reasonable margin for that good or service. Shipping and handling activities primarily occur after a customer obtains control and are considered fulfillment cost rather than separate performance obligations. Similarly, sales and similar taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the entity from a customer are excluded from the measurement of the transaction price.

 

 11 

 

 

Unfulfilled Performance Obligations

 

For standard products, the Company recognizes revenue at a point in time when control passes to the customer. Absent substantial product acceptance clauses, this is based on the shipping terms. For custom products that require engineering and development based on customer requirements and provide for cost plus reasonable margin throughout the contract, the Company recognizes revenue over time using the output method for any items shipped and any finished goods or work in process that is produced for balances of open sales orders. For any finished goods or work in process that has been produced for the balance of open sales orders the Company recognizes revenue by applying the average selling price for such open order to the lesser of the on hand balance in finished goods or open sales order quantity which the Company presents as a contract asset on the balance sheet. Cost of sales is recognized based on the standard cost of the finished goods and work in process associated with this revenue and inventory balances are reduced accordingly.

 

Unfulfilled performance obligations represent amounts expected to be earned on executed contracts. Indefinite delivery and quantity contracts and unexercised options are not reported in total unfulfilled performance obligations. Unfulfilled performance obligations include funded obligations, which is the amount for which money has been directly authorized by the U.S. government and for which a purchase order has been received by a commercial customer, and unfunded obligations, representing firm orders for which funding has not yet been appropriated. The approximate value of our Innovation and Development segment unfulfilled performance obligations was $33.3 million at December 31, 2018. The Company expects to satisfy 61% of the performance obligations in fiscal year 2019, 25% in fiscal year 2020, and the remaining amount by fiscal year 2024. The approximate value of our Optics segment unfulfilled performance obligations was $4.0 million at December 31, 2018. The Company expects to satisfy 96% of the performance obligations in fiscal year 2019 and 4% in fiscal year 2020.

 

 

The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers by geographic locations, customer-type, contract type, timing of recognition, and major categories for each segments, as the Company believes it best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. See details in the tables below.

 

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   Three Months Ended December 31, 2018 
   Optics   Innovation &
Development
   Total 
Total Revenue by Geographic Location               
United States  $3,275,000   $4,185,000   $7,460,000 
Asia   915,000    15,000    930,000 
Europe   1,485,000    39,000    1,524,000 
Other   46,000    68,000    114,000 
Total  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $10,028,000 
                
Total Revenue by Contract Type               
Firm-fixed price  $5,721,000   $558,000   $6,279,000 
Non-Firm Fixed price   -    3,749,000    3,749,000 
Total  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $10,028,000 
                
Total Revenue by Major Customer Type               
U.S. government revenue  $3,000   $4,181,000   $4,184,000 
U.S. commercial revenue   3,272,000    4,000    3,276,000 
Foreign commercial and other revenue   2,446,000    122,000    2,568,000 
Total  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $10,028,000 
                
Total Revenue by Major Products/Services               
Optical components  $5,639,000   $-   $5,639,000 
Contract research   -    4,199,000    4,199,000 
Other products and services   82,000    108,000    190,000 
Total  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $10,028,000 
                
Total Revenue by Timing of Recognition               
Goods/services transferred over time  $560,000   $4,199,000   $4,759,000 
Goods transferred at a point in time   5,161,000    108,000    5,269,000 
Total  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $10,028,000 

 

Service Concession Arrangements (Topic 853): Determining the Customer of the Operation Services. In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-10 which provides guidance for operating entities when they enter into a service concession arrangement with a public-sector grantor. This update is effective for the Company in the fiscal year beginning October 1, 2018, at the time the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The Company implemented this ASU on October 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory. In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16 which eliminates the exception, other than for inventory transfers, under current U.S. GAAP under which the tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers (intercompany sales) are deferred until the transferred asset is sold to a third party or otherwise recovered through use. Upon adoption of ASU 2016-16, the Company will recognize the tax expense from the sale of that asset in the seller’s tax jurisdiction when the transfer occurs, even though the pre-tax effects of that transaction are eliminated in consolidation. Any deferred tax asset that arises in the buyer’s jurisdiction would also be recognized at the time of the transfer. Modified retrospective adoption is required with any cumulative-effect adjustment recorded to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, would consist of the net impact from (1) the write-off of any unamortized tax expense previously deferred and (2) recognition of any previously unrecognized deferred tax assets, net of any necessary valuation allowances. The impact of the adoption of this standard on future periods will be dependent on future asset transfers, which generally occur in connection with acquisitions and other business structuring activities. The Company implemented this ASU on October 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

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Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business. In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01 which clarifies the definition of a business for determining whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The Company implemented this ASU on October 1, 2018 and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting. In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09 which was issued to clarify and reduce both (i) diversity in practice and (ii) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation” to changes in the terms and conditions of a share-based payment award. This update is effective for the Company in the fiscal year beginning October 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Leases (Topic 842). In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 (as subsequently amended by ASU 2018-01, ASU 2018-10, ASU 2018-11 and ASU 2018-20) which requires that a lessee recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. For leases with a term of 12 months or less, a lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset not to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities. As with previous guidance, there continues to be a differentiation between finance leases and operating leases, however this distinction now primarily relates to differences in the manner of expense recognition over time and in the classification of lease payments in the statement of cash flows. Lease assets and liabilities arising from both finance and operating leases will be recognized in the statement of financial position. ASU 2016-02 leaves the accounting for leases by lessors largely unchanged from previous GAAP. The transitional guidance for adopting the requirements of ASU 2016-02 calls for a modified retrospective approach that includes a number of optional practical expedients that entities may elect to apply. In addition, ASU 2018-11 provides for an additional (and optional) transition method by which entities may elect to initially apply the transition requirements in Topic 842 at that Topic’s effective date with the effects of initially applying Topic 842 recognized as a cumulative effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption and without retrospective application to any comparative prior periods presented. Also, ASU 2018-20 provides certain narrow-scope improvements to Topic 842 as it relates to lessors. The guidance in ASU 2016-02 will become effective for the Company as of the beginning of the 2020 fiscal year. The Company is currently in the process of assessing the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements with the intention to adopt this ASU in fiscal year 2020.

 

Intangibles – Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04 which simplifies the test for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the Goodwill impairment test. This new guidance is effective for the Company beginning in fiscal year 2021. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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Note 3 – Xcede Technologies, Inc. Joint Venture

 

In October 2013, the Company, through its subsidiary Dynasil Biomedical (“DBM”), formed Xcede, a joint venture with Mayo Clinic, in order to spin out and separately fund the development of its hemostatic tissue sealant technology, which formerly comprised the majority of its expense within the biomedical segment.

 

Beginning at its inception and through November 2016, Xcede funded its pre-clinical research activities through the issuance of $5.2 million in the aggregate principal amount of convertible notes bearing interest at 5% (“the Notes”). In November of 2016, the Notes were converted into Series A convertible preferred stock of Xcede (“Series A Preferred”) of Xcede. Series A Preferred participants include both outside investors (accounted for as noncontrolling interest) and DBM. The outside investors converted $3.1 million of Notes and accrued interest into 3,055,551 shares of Series A Preferred. DBM converted the remaining $2.4 million of Notes and accrued interest into 2,338,569 shares of Series A Preferred.

 

Additionally, DBM invested $1.2 million of cash into Xcede in exchange for Series B convertible preferred stock of Xcede (“Series B Preferred”). Series A Preferred was issued at a 20% discount to the price per share of the Series B Preferred, in accordance with the amended provisions of the Notes. The value of DBM’s Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred, as they are wholly owned by DBM, is eliminated in consolidation.

 

Each share of Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred (together “the Preferred Stock”) is convertible, at the option of the holder, into such number of fully paid and non-assessable shares of Xcede common stock (“Common Stock”) as determined by dividing the original issue price, as defined, by the conversion price in effect on the date of conversion, which is 1:1. Each holder of the Preferred Stock is entitled to one vote for each share of Common Stock that the holder of the Preferred Stock would be entitled to receive upon the conversion of the holder’s Preferred Stock into Common Stock. Upon any liquidation event, which includes certain change of control events, following payment of pre-equity distributions, the remaining proceeds or net assets of Xcede shall be paid and distributed in the following amounts and order of priority: (1) to satisfy the liquidation preference payment due to each holder of Series B Preferred, (2) to satisfy the liquidation preference payment due to each holder of Series A Preferred, (3) payment in full of any acquisition transaction payment, and (4) the remaining assets available to be distributed ratably among the holders of the Common Stock. If a liquidation event were to occur, the Series A Preferred’s liquidation value would be $1.016 per share and Series B Preferred’s liquidation value would be $1.27 per share. As of December 31, 2018, the liquidation value of the Series B Preferred would be approximately $1.5 million and the Series A Preferred would be approximately $5.5 million, of which $2.4 million is DBM’s portion and $3.1 million would be attributed to noncontrolling shareholders.

 

As of December 31, 2018, DBM owned approximately 63% of Xcede’s outstanding Common Stock and Preferred Stock and, as a result, Xcede is included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets, results of operations and cash flows. Due to the Series A Preferred having a liquidation preference and therefore not representing a residual interest, cumulative net losses of Xcede are attributed only to common stockholders in accordance with common stock ownership. Noncontrolling interest represents the value of the Series A Preferred and common stock not owned by DBM plus 17% of cumulative losses of Xcede based on the 17% common stock ownership held by noncontrolling interests.

 

In 2016, Xcede signed agreements with Cook Biotech Inc. of West Lafayette, Indiana (“CBI”) in connection with the development, regulatory approval and production of Xcede’s hemostatic patch (the “Xcede Patch”) in which CBI committed to fund up to $1.5 million for the pre-clinical testing for the Xcede Patch. Xcede utilized $0.5 million in CBI services in exchange for a note that is currently outstanding.

 

On July 20, 2018, Xcede received a notice of termination from CBI claiming that the results of a recent animal study showed that it is not commercially reasonable, in CBI’s assessment, to continue to the next development phase of the Patch.

 

 15 

 

 

In light of the foregoing, Xcede has halted clinical trial preparations at this time and has curtailed its operations to a minimal level while the Board of Directors of Xcede evaluates alternatives, including the viability of modifying the Xcede Patch to address the shortcomings cited by CBI and/or the possible sale or license of Xcede IP assets, subject to amending CBI’s security interest. Additionally, the Company’s RMD subsidiary has begun an investigation of possible continued development of the Xcede Patch, which could include seeking government funding of this development. There can be no assurances with respect to any such alternatives or that any additional outside funding to continue development of the Xcede Patch will be available to RMD.

 

 

Note 4 - Inventories

 

Inventories, net of reserves, consists of the following:

 

   December 31,   September 30, 
   2018   2018 
Raw Materials  $2,458,000   $2,362,000 
Work-in-Process   1,090,000    890,000 
Finished Goods   944,000    854,000 
   $4,492,000   $4,106,000 

 

 

Note 5 – Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets at December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018 consist of the following:

 

   Useful  Gross   Accumulated     
December 31, 2018  Life (years)  Amount   Amortization   Net 
Acquired Customer Base  5 to 15  $702,000   $604,000   $98,000 
Know How  15   512,000    358,000    154,000 
Trade Names  Indefinite   266,000    -    266,000 
Patents  20   223,000    23,000    200,000 
Biomedical Technologies  5   260,000    260,000    - 
      $1,963,000   $1,245,000   $718,000 

 

   Useful  Gross   Accumulated     
September 30, 2018  Life (years)  Amount   Amortization   Net 
Acquired Customer Base  5 to 15  $719,000   $601,000   $118,000 
Know How  15   512,000    350,000    162,000 
Trade Names  Indefinite   272,000    -    272,000 
Patents  20   223,000    20,000    203,000 
Biomedical Technologies  5   260,000    260,000    - 
      $1,986,000   $1,231,000   $755,000 

 

Amortization expense for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $27,000 and $28,000, respectively.

 

Estimated amortization expense for each of the next five fiscal years and thereafter is as follows:

 

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   2019 (9 months)   2020   2021   2022   2023   Thereafter   Total 
Acquired Customer Base  $60,000   $38,000   $-   $-   $-   $-   $98,000 
Know How   26,000    34,000    34,000    34,000    26,000    -    154,000 
Patents   8,000    11,000    11,000    11,000    11,000    148,000    200,000 
   $94,000   $83,000   $45,000   $45,000   $37,000   $148,000   $452,000 

 

The Company continually assesses whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful lives of its long-lived assets or whether the remaining balances of those assets should be evaluated for possible impairment. There were no changes, aside from foreign exchange rate fluctuations, in the carrying value of long-lived assets, during the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

Note 6 – Goodwill

 

Goodwill is subject to an annual impairment test. The Company considers many factors which may indicate the requirement to perform additional, interim impairment tests. These include:

 

·A significant adverse long term outlook for any of its industries;
·An adverse finding or rejection from a regulatory body involved in new product regulatory approvals;
·Failure of an anticipated commercialization of a product or product line;
·Unanticipated competition or the introduction of a disruptive technology;
·The testing for recoverability under the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets Subsections of Subtopic 360-10 of a significant asset group within a reporting unit;
·A loss of key personnel; and
·An expectation that a reporting unit carrying goodwill, or a significant portion of a reporting unit, will be sold or otherwise disposed of.

 

There were no changes, aside from foreign exchange rate fluctuations, in the carrying value of goodwill, during the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

 

Note 7 – Debt

 

Subordinated Debt

 

On November 27, 2018, the Company amended the Note Purchase Agreement with Massachusetts Capital Resource Company to reinstate the interest only payment requirements of the loan and defer principal repayment requirements to November 30, 2019. Such amendment also extended the maturity date from July 31, 2019 to November 30, 2021.

 

 

Note 8 – Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share

 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share is computed by dividing the net income or loss attributable to common shares by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per common share adjusts basic earnings per share for the effects of common stock options, common stock warrants, convertible preferred stock and other potential dilutive common shares outstanding during the periods.

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, no common share equivalents related to stock options were included in the calculation of dilutive shares, since there was a loss attributable to common shareholders and the inclusion of common share equivalents would be anti-dilutive. Additionally, for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, 50,000 and 60,000 shares of restricted common stock were excluded from the calculation of dilutive shares, respectively, as the effect of their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

 

 17 

 

 

The computation of the weighted shares outstanding for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

 

   December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Weighted average shares outstanding          
Basic   17,324,976    17,047,690 
Effect of dilutive securities          
Stock options   -    - 
Restricted stock   -    - 
Dilutive average shares outstanding   17,324,976    17,047,690 

 

 

Note 9 - Stock Based Compensation

 

The fair value of the stock options granted is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

The expected volatility was determined with reference to the historical volatility of the Company's stock. The Company uses historical data to estimate option exercise and employee termination within the valuation model. The expected term of options granted represents the period of time that the options granted are expected to be outstanding. The risk-free interest rate for periods within the contractual life of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury rate in effect at the time of grant. The dividend yield is expected to be zero because historically the Company has not paid dividends on common stock.

 

The Company’s Xcede joint venture adopted an Equity Incentive Plan in 2013 which provides for, among other incentives, the granting of options to purchase shares in Xcede’s common stock to officers, directors, employees and consultants. The options granted generally vest over a three year period. The fair value of the stock options granted is estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using assumptions generally consistent with those used for Company stock options. Because Xcede is not publicly traded, the expected volatility is estimated with reference to the average historical volatility of a group of publicly traded companies that are believed to have similar characteristics to Xcede.

 

As of December 31, 2018, DBM owned approximately 63% of Xcede’s outstanding Common Stock and Preferred Stock. No change in the Company’s position with respect to the ownership of Xcede’s stock occurred during the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

Stock compensation expense for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

 

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   Three Months Ended   Three Months Ended 
Stock Compensation Expense  December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Stock grants  $51,000   $39,000 
Restricted stock grants   15,000    13,000 
Option grants   -    12,000 
Employee stock purchase plan   1,000    1,000 
Subsidiary option grants   11,000    28,000 
Total  $78,000   $93,000 

 

At December 31, 2018, there was approximately $41,000 in unrecognized stock compensation cost for Dynasil, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of approximately thirteen months.

 

Restricted Stock Grants

 

A summary of restricted stock activity for the three months ended December 31, 2018 is presented below:

 

Restricted Stock Activity for the Three Months
ended December 31, 2018
  Shares   Weighted-Average
Grant-Date Fair Value
 
Nonvested at September 30, 2018   60,000   $1.61 
           
Granted   -      
Vested   (10,000)  $1.70 
Cancelled   -    - 
Nonvested and expected to vest at December 31, 2018   50,000   $1.59 

 

Stock Option Grants

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2018, no Dynasil stock options were granted. A summary of stock option activity for the three months ended December 31, 2018 is presented below:

 

   Options
Outstanding
   Weighted Average
Exercise Price per
Share
   Weighted Average
Remain
Contractual Term
(in Years)
 
Balance at September 30, 2018   160,537   $2.01    0.93 
Outstanding and exercisable at September 30, 2018   160,537   $2.01    0.93 
Granted   -    -      
Exercised   -    -      
Cancelled   -    -      
Balance at December 31, 2018   160,537   $2.01    0.68 
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2018   160,537   $2.01    0.68 

 

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Subsidiary Stock Option Grants

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2018, no Xcede stock options were granted. A summary of Xcede stock option activity for the three months ended December 31, 2018 is presented below:

 

   Options
Outstanding
   Weighted Average
Exercise Price per
Share
   Weighted Average
Remain
Contractual Term
(in Years)
 
Balance at September 30, 2018   1,300,956   $1.00    7.31 
Outstanding and exercisable at September 30, 2018   1,229,685    1.00    7.11 
Granted   -    -      
Exercised   -    -      
Cancelled   -    -      
Balance at December 31, 2018   1,300,956    1.00    6.85 
Outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2018   1,248,384   $1.00    6.85 

 

At December 31, 2018, the Company’s Xcede joint venture had approximately $32,000 of unrecognized stock compensation expense associated with stock options expected to be recognized over a period of nine months.

 

 

Note 10 – Segment, Customer and Geographical Reporting

 

Segment Financial Information

 

Dynasil reports three reportable segments: innovation and development (“Innovation and Development”), (formerly known as the Contract Research segment), optics (“Optics”) and biomedical (“Biomedical”). Within these segments, there is a segregation of operating segments based upon the organizational structure used to evaluate performance and make decisions on resource allocation, as well as availability and materiality of separate financial results consistent with that structure. The Optics segment aggregates four operating segments – Dynasil Fused Silica, Optometrics, Hilger Crystals (“Hilger”), and Evaporated Metal Films – that manufacture commercial products, including optical crystals for sensing in the security and medical imaging markets, as well as optical components, optical coatings and optical materials for scientific instrumentation and other applications. The Innovation and Development segment is one of the largest small business participants in U.S. government-funded research. The Biomedical segment consists of a single operating segment, Dynasil Biomedical Corporation (“Dynasil Biomedical”), a medical technology incubator which owns rights to certain early stage medical technologies. Dynasil Biomedical holds common and preferred stock in the Xcede joint venture which is developing a tissue sealant technology and currently has no other operations.

 

The Company’s segment information for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 is summarized below:

 

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Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31,

2018

 

   Optics   Innovation and
Development*
   Biomedical   Total 
Revenue  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $-   $10,028,000 
Gross profit   1,879,000    1,813,000    -    3,692,000 
GM %   33%   42%   -    37%
Operating expenses   1,885,000    1,879,000    53,000    3,817,000 
Operating income (loss)   (6,000)   (66,000)   (53,000)   (125,000)
                     
Depreciation and amortization   276,000    59,000    3,000    338,000 
Capital expenditures   187,000    17,000    -    204,000 
                     
Intangibles, net   363,000    154,000    201,000    718,000 
Goodwill   925,000    4,939,000    -    5,864,000 
Total assets  $21,870,000   $8,109,000   $205,000   $30,184,000 

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31,

2017

 

   Optics   Innovation and
Development*
   Biomedical   Total 
Revenue  $4,942,000   $4,247,000   $-   $9,189,000 
Gross profit   1,724,000    1,851,000    -    3,575,000 
GM %   35%   44%   -    39%
Operating expenses   1,576,000    1,723,000    445,000    3,744,000 
Operating income (loss)   148,000    128,000    (445,000)   (169,000)
                     
Depreciation and amortization   231,000    65,000    3,000    299,000 
Capital expenditures   590,000    19,000    16,000    625,000 
                     
Intangibles, net   453,000    188,000    337,000    978,000 
Goodwill   1,012,000    4,939,000    -    5,951,000 
Total assets  $18,969,000   $8,114,000   $614,000   $27,697,000 

 

*Formerly Contract Research

 

 

Customer Financial Information

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2018 one customer in the Optics segment represented greater than 10% of the total segment revenue. For the three months ended December 31, 2017, no customer in the Optics segment represented more than 10% of the total segment revenue.

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2018, three customers of the Innovation and Development segment, all various agencies of the U.S. Government, each represented more than 10% of the total segment revenue. For the three months ended December 31, 2017, four customers of the Innovation and Development segment, all various agencies of the U.S. Government, each represented more than 10% of the total segment revenue.

 

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Geographic Financial Information

 

Revenue by geographic location in total and as a percentage of total revenue, for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 are as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended   Three Months Ended 
   December 31, 2018   December 31, 2017 
Geographic Location  Revenue   % of Total   Revenue   % of Total 
United States  $7,460,000    74%  $7,353,000    80%
Asia   930,000    9%   522,000    5%
Europe   1,524,000    16%   1,268,000    14%
Other   114,000    1%   46,000    1%
   $10,028,000    100%  $9,189,000    100%

 

 

Note 11 - Income Taxes

 

The Company uses the asset and liability approach to account for income taxes. Under this approach, deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes and net operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. The amount of deferred taxes on these temporary differences is determined using the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, as applicable, based on tax rates, and tax laws, in the respective tax jurisdiction then in effect. 

 

Dynasil Corporation of America and its wholly-owned U.S. subsidiaries file a consolidated federal income tax return and various state returns. The Company’s U.K. subsidiary files tax returns in the U.K. Prior to November 18, 2016, the Company’s subsidiary, Xcede was included in the federal and state tax returns filed by Dynasil. As of November 18, 2016, Dynasil’s ownership in Xcede was reduced to approximately 59%. As a result, Xcede is no longer included in Dynasil’s federal consolidated tax return and files a separate federal return. Xcede continues to be included in the Dynasil consolidated state tax filings pursuant to the respective state tax requirements.

 

In assessing the ability to realize the net deferred tax assets, management considers various factors including taxable income in carryback years, future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, tax planning strategies and projections of future taxable income, to determine whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the net deferred tax assets will not be realized.

 

As a result of Xcede’s de-consolidation from the Company’s federal tax returns, the Company is no longer able to offset taxable income with Xcede’s current or cumulative net operating losses. Upon review of relevant criteria for the new Dynasil federal consolidated group, it was determined that it is more likely than not that the federal deferred tax assets of the new Dynasil federal consolidated group will be realized based upon positive earnings history and expected future profits of the group. As a result, the federal deferred tax asset valuation allowance associated with the Dynasil federal consolidated group was reversed resulting in an income tax benefit in the amount of $2.7 million during the quarter ending December 31, 2016. Going forward, as the Company records income, it will be able to utilize the NOLs (net operating losses) within its deferred tax assets. Based upon the Company’s recent losses and uncertainty of future profits, the Company has determined that the uncertainty regarding the realization of the Company’s state and separate Xcede deferred tax assets is sufficient to warrant the continued need for a valuation allowance against these deferred tax assets.

 

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As a result of Xcede’s decision to halt clinical trial preparations and curtail operations to a minimal level while the Board of Directors of Xcede evaluates alternative avenues to develop the Xcede Patch, following the July 2018 notice of termination from Cook Biotech Inc. (“CBI”) claiming that the results of a recent animal study showed that it is not commercially reasonable, in CBI’s assessment, to continue to the next development phase of the Xcede Patch, the Company has concluded that it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets associated with the Company’s unitary state filings will be realized based on future profit for the group and thus has reversed the related valuation allowance on the Company’s NOLs of approximately $0.6 million. In addition, the Company conducted a research and experimentation study which released the tax valuation allowance and increased deferred tax assets by $0.6 million. The reversal results in an income tax benefit of approximately $1.2 million recorded during the year ended September 30, 2018. 

 

The Company applies the authoritative provisions related to accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. As required by these provisions, the Company recognizes the financial statement benefit of a tax position only after determining that the relevant tax authority would more-likely-than-not sustain the position following an audit. For tax positions meeting the more-likely-than-not threshold, the amount recognized in the financial statements is the largest benefit that has a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being reached upon ultimate settlement with the relevant tax authority. As of December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, the Company has no liabilities for uncertain tax positions. Interest and penalty charges, if any, related to uncertain tax positions would be classified as income tax expense in the accompanying consolidated statement of operations. As of December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, the Company had no accrued interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions. The Company currently has no federal or state tax examinations in progress. 

 

On December 22, 2017, the 2017 Tax Act was signed into law. The 2017 Tax Act, which was effective on December 22, 2017, significantly revised the U.S. tax code by, among other changes, lowering the corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21%, requiring a one-time transition tax on accumulated foreign earnings of certain foreign subsidiaries that were previously tax deferred and creating new taxes on certain foreign sourced earnings.  The Company has completed its accounting for the tax effects of the 2017 Tax Act. 

 

The Company re-measured certain U.S. deferred tax assets and liabilities based on the rates at which they are expected to reverse in the future, which is generally 21%, and recorded an income tax expense of $0.7 million related to such re-measurement in the quarter ended December 31, 2018. The one-time transition tax was based on the total unremitted earnings of the Company’s foreign subsidiary, Hilger, which had previously been deferred from U.S. income taxes. The Company recorded a provision for its one-time transition liability of its foreign subsidiary resulting in additional income tax expense of $0.2 million in fiscal year 2018.

 

During the fiscal year ended, September 30, 2018, the Company has federal research credits of $2.9 million, primarily resulted from a benefit in the second quarter of fiscal year 2018 related to R&E tax credits for the years ended 2013 through 2016. The federal credits begin expiring in fiscal year 2030. During the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018, the Company had state research credits of $852,000 which begin expiring in fiscal year 2027. 

 

The effective tax rates were 39% and (309%) for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended, December 31, 2017 was a result of the 2017 Tax Act. The effective tax rate excluding the impact of the 2017 Tax Act was (16%) for the three months ended December 31, 2017.

 

The Company files its tax returns as prescribed by the tax laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates. The Company’s tax filings for federal and state jurisdictions for the tax years beginning with 2013 are still subject to examination.

 

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Note 12 – Subsequent Events

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were released.

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following management's discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the notes thereto contained herein and in the Dynasil Corporation of America ("Dynasil", the "Company" or "we") Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.

 

General Business Overview

 

Operations

 

Consolidated revenue for the first quarter ended December 31, 2018 was $10.0 million, compared to revenue of $9.2 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. This 9% increase primarily resulted from a 16% increase in Optics segment revenue. The Innovations and Development segment (formerly Contract Research) revenue for the quarter ended December 31, 2018 was $4.3 million, compared to revenue of $4.2 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2018.

 

Gross profit for the quarter ended December 31, 2018 was $3.7 million, or 37% of revenue, as compared to the gross profit of $3.6 million, or 39% of revenue for the quarter ended December 31, 2017. Gross profit as a percent of revenue decreased in part due to a reduction in product sales in our Innovation and Development segment, which are higher margin sales than the segment’s contract research sales. Additionally, the percentage cost of revenue in our Optics segment increased due to startup costs of our new product lines, contributing to the decrease in gross profit as a percentage of revenue.

 

Total operating expenses were $3.8 million for the three-month period ended December 31, 2018, a 2% increase over the $3.7 million in operating expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2017. The operating expenses in our Biomedical segment decreased by $0.4 million over the same period last year. In the quarter ended December 31, 2017, our majority owned joint venture, Xcede Technologies, Inc. (“Xcede”), was preparing for clinical trials, which activities have since been suspended.

 

Our Biomedical segment primarily consists of the results of Xcede, which incurred $14,000 and $200,000 in research expenses in the quarters ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Due to a notice of termination Xcede received from Cook Biotech, Inc. (“CBI”) in July 2018, in which CBI asserted its termination rights under the Note Agreement and Development Agreement between Xcede and CBI, claiming that the results of a recent animal study showed that it is not commercially reasonable, in CBI’s assessment, to continue to the next development phase of Xcede’s hemostatic patch (the “Xcede Patch”), Xcede halted clinical trial preparations and curtailed its operations to a minimal level while the Board of Directors of Xcede evaluates alternatives.

 

Income (loss) from operations for the quarter ended December 31, 2018 was a loss of $0.1 million compared with a loss of $0.2 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2017.

 

The provision for income taxes for the first quarter of 2019 was a benefit of approximately $0.1 million, as compared to an expense of $0.7 million for the same period in fiscal year 2018. The 2018 provision was primarily the result of the 2017 Tax Act in which we estimated the rate reduction impact to be $0.5 million, the earnings and profit transition tax of our Hilger Crystals subsidiary to be $0.1 million and a current quarter earnings provision of $0.1 million.

 

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Net income (loss) was a loss of ($0.1) million, or ($0.01) per share, as compared to a loss of ($0.8) million, or ($0.05) per share for the quarters ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, largely as a result of the income tax event in the fiscal year 2018.

 

Results of Operations

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31,

2018

 

   Optics   Innovation and
Development*
   Biomedical   Total 
Revenue  $5,721,000   $4,307,000   $-   $10,028,000 
Gross profit   1,879,000    1,813,000    -    3,692,000 
GM %   33%   42%   -    37%
Operating expenses   1,885,000    1,879,000    53,000    3,817,000 
Operating income (loss)   (6,000)   (66,000)   (53,000)   (125,000)
                     
Depreciation and amortization   276,000    59,000    3,000    338,000 
Capital expenditures   187,000    17,000    -    204,000 
                     
Intangibles, net   363,000    154,000    201,000    718,000 
Goodwill   925,000    4,939,000    -    5,864,000 
Total assets  $21,870,000   $8,109,000   $205,000   $30,184,000 

 

Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended December 31,

2017

 

   Optics   Innovation and
Development*
   Biomedical   Total 
Revenue  $4,942,000   $4,247,000   $-   $9,189,000 
Gross profit   1,724,000    1,851,000    -    3,575,000 
GM %   35%   44%   -    39%
Operating expenses   1,576,000    1,723,000    445,000    3,744,000 
Operating income (loss)   148,000    128,000    (445,000)   (169,000)
                     
Depreciation and amortization   231,000    65,000    3,000    299,000 
Capital expenditures   590,000    19,000    16,000    625,000 
                     
Intangibles, net   453,000    188,000    337,000    978,000 
Goodwill   1,012,000    4,939,000    -    5,951,000 
Total assets  $18,969,000   $8,114,000   $614,000   $27,697,000 

 

*Formerly Contract Research

 

Consolidated revenue for the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, which ended December 31, 2018, was $10.0 million, a 9% increase as compared with revenue of $9.2 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2017.

 

Optics segment revenue increased $0.8 million, or 16%, for the three months ended December 31, 2018 compared with the same period in the prior year, primarily as a result of revenue growth in three of the four operating units in this segment. The growth in this quarter is coming from the continued increased demand for fused silica in the microlithography markets as well as increased orders from a few of our large key customers.

 

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Innovation and Development segment revenue increased by $0.1 million to $4.3 million for the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, as compared with the same period in the prior year. The research backlog for the Innovation and Development segment remains strong at $33.3 million at December 31, 2018.

 

The Biomedical segment has no revenue as it is currently exploring development options for Xcede’s tissue sealant technology.

 

Cost of revenue for the first quarter of 2018 was 63%, or $6.3 million, nearly the same as for the quarter ended December 31, 2017.

 

Gross profit for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was $3.7 million, or 37% of revenues, compared to $3.6 million, or 39% of revenues, for the three months ended December 31, 2017. Gross profit for the Optics segment decreased by 2% to 33% of revenue, or $1.9 million, at December 31, 2018 compared to 35% of revenues, or $1.7 million, for the quarter ended December 31, 2017. The decrease in gross profit was the result of the product mix and higher material costs in some product lines. The Innovation and Development segment gross profit decreased to $1.8 million, as compared to $1.9 million in the same period in fiscal year 2018, as the result of fewer product sales which have higher margins than contract research sales. Gross profit as a percent of revenue decreased to 42% in the Innovation and Development segment compared to 44% in the first quarter of 2018.

 

The Biomedical segment, through Xcede, is engaged in exploring development options for Xcede’s hemostatic tissue sealant technology, which has not been approved for commercial use, and consequently it has no gross profit.

 

Total operating expenses increased to $3.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018 from $3.7 million for the same quarter in fiscal year 2018. Operating expenses for the Optics segment increased $0.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, as compared to the prior year, due to personnel additions and related charges, as well as increased marketing expenses. Innovation and Development segment expenses increased to $1.9 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, as compared to $1.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, as a result of increases in personnel and hiring costs. Biomedical segment expenses decreased by $0.4 million in the three months ended December 31, 2018, compared to the three months ended December 31, 2017, primarily due to the cessation of work on its preparations for first-in-human clinical trials.

 

As a result of the items discussed above, income from operations for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was a loss of $0.1 million compared to a loss of $0.2 million for the same period in fiscal year 2018.

 

Net interest expense was essentially the same in both the three month periods ended December 31, 2018 and 2017.

 

The provision for income taxes for the first quarter of fiscal year 2019 was approximately a benefit of $0.1 million as compared to a charge of $0.7 million for the same period in fiscal year 2018. The 2018 provision was primarily the result of the 2017 Tax Act in which we estimated the rate reduction impact to be $0.5 million, the earnings and profit transition tax of our Hilger Crystals subsidiary to be $0.1 million and a current quarter earnings provision of $0.1 million.

 

Net income (loss) for the three months ended December 31, 2018 was a loss of ($0.1) million, or ($0.01) in basic earnings per share, as compared to a loss of ($0.8) million, or ($0.05) in basic earnings per share, for the quarter ended December 31, 2017.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Liquidity Overview and Outlook

 

Net cash as of December 31, 2018 was $1.2 million, or approximately $1.1 million less than net cash of $2.3 million at September 30, 2018.

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company was in full compliance with all of its bank covenants. The Company has $4.0 million of available cash under its Middlesex Savings Bank line of credit based on its collateral calculations as of December 31, 2018. Management believes that its cash on hand, together with availability under its line of credit, are adequate to meet the Company’s current liquidity requirements for the next twelve months.

 

On November 27, 2018, the Company amended the Note Purchase Agreement with Massachusetts Capital Resource Company to reinstate the interest-only payment requirements of the loan and defer principal repayment requirements to November 30, 2019. Such amendment also extended the maturity date from July 31, 2019 to November 30, 2021.

 

On December 31, 2018, Xcede had $0.5 million of outstanding indebtedness owed to CBI. The note was recorded at fair value at issuance net of unamortized discount based on an imputed interest rate of 5.4%. On July 20, 2018, Xcede received a notice of termination from CBI, which included CBI’s assertion that the foregoing study results trigger an immediate repayment of the $500,000 promissory note owed by Xcede to CBI under the Note Agreement and cancelled the remaining availability under the Note Agreement. While Xcede vigorously contests this assertion, at this time it is unclear how this matter will be resolved between Xcede and CBI. The Company carries the promissory note in short-term debt. Upon termination of the CBI agreements, research and development expense of $35,000 was recorded to accrete the note to face value. See Note 3 – Xcede Technologies, Inc. Joint Venture.

 

Cash From Operating Activities

 

In total, operating activities used cash of $1.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2018. Approximately $0.4 million of the cash was used for inventory increases to ensure the proper supply of material is available to meet customer demand, and $1.2 million was used due to the decrease in the year end accrued expenses and accounts payable. This was positively offset by a reduction in accounts receivable.

 

Cash From Investing and Financing Activities

 

The Company used cash of approximately $0.2 million for the purchase of property, plant, and equipment for the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

Total outstanding bank debt as of December 31, 2018 increased approximately $0.1 million to $3.4 million from $3.3 million at September 30, 2018. The net cash increase from financing activities during the three months ended December 31, 2018 was approximately $0.1 million as a result of $0.2 million in principal payments to Middlesex Savings Bank, offset by approximately $0.3 million in financing from the new Middlesex Savings Bank equipment line of credit.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2018, we adopted ASU 2014-09, which provides for new requirements in regards to revenue recognition. See Note 2 – Recent Accounting Pronouncements for further details. Aside from the adoption of ASU 2014-09, there been no material changes in our critical accounting policies or critical accounting estimates since September 30, 2018. For further discussion of our accounting policies see the “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018 as well as the notes to the financial statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

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The accounting policies that reflect our more significant estimates, judgments and assumptions and which we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results include the following:

 

Revenue Recognition

 

We generate revenues from contract research, product sales, and non-recurring engineering contracts.

 

Our Optics segment produces standard and customized products for commercial organizations, educational institutions, and U.S. Federal government agencies. In addition, we also offer services which include non-recurring engineering services. We recognize revenue when the performance obligation has been satisfied by transferring the control of the product or service to the customer. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, we allocate the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation based on their relative stand-alone selling prices. In such circumstances, the Company uses the observable price of goods or services which are sold separately in similar circumstances to similar customers. If these prices are not observable, then we will estimate the stand-alone selling price using information that is reasonably available. For the majority of our standard products and services, price list, and discount structures related to customer type are available. For products and services that do not have price list and discount structures, we may use one or both of the following: (i) adjusted market assessment approach or (ii) expected cost plus a margin approach. The adjusted market approach requires evaluation of the market in which we sell goods or services and estimation of the price that a customer in that market would be willing to pay for those goods or services. The expected cost plus margin approach requires the Company to forecast expected costs of satisfying the performance obligation and then add a reasonable margin for that good or service. Shipping and handling activities primarily occur after a customer obtains control and are considered fulfillment cost rather than separate performance obligations.

 

Our Innovation and Development segment performs research and development for U.S. Federal government agencies, educational institutions and commercial organizations. We account for a research contract when a contract has been executed, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance, and collectability of the contract price is considered probable. Revenue is earned under reimbursement of costs plus fees, fixed price, or time and material type contracts. Revenue is recognized when the contract has been approved by both parties, each entity can identify each’s party’s rights regarding goods and services to be transferred, the payment terms have been identified, the contract has commercial substance, and it is probable that we will collect substantially all of the consideration to which it is entitled in exchange for the goods or services transferred.

 

Under the typical payment terms of our U.S. government contracts, the customer pays either performance-based payments or progress payments. Performance-based payments, which are typically used in the firm fixed price contracts, are interim payments based on quantifiable measures of performance or on the achievement of specified events or milestones. Progress payments, which are typically used in our cost-plus type contracts, are interim payments based on costs incurred as the work progresses. For our U.S. government cost-plus contracts, the customer generally pays during the performance period for 80%-90% of the actual costs incurred. Because the customer retains a small portion of the contract price until completion of the contract and audit of allowable costs, cost-plus type contracts generally result in revenue recognized in excess of billings which we present as contract assets on the balance sheet. Amounts billed and due from customers are classified as receivables on the balance sheet, whereas amounts earned, but not yet billed to the Company’s customers due to timing, are classified as unbilled receivables on the balance sheet. We recognize a liability for performance-based payments paid in advance which are in excess of the revenue recognized and presents these amounts as contract liabilities on the balance sheet.

 

Effective October 1, 2018, we adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, using the modified retrospective transition method, and implemented changes to its business processes, systems and controls to support revenue recognition and the related disclosures under this ASU. Under the modified retrospective approach, we applied the standards to new contracts and those that were not completed as of October 1, 2018. For those contracts not completed as of October 1, 2018, this method resulted in a cumulative adjustment to increase the Company’s retained earnings in the amount of $22,000.

 

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This guidance has resulted in very few changes in revenue recognition for the standard contracts in both the Optics and the Innovation and Development segments. This new guidance may lead to recognition of certain revenue transactions sooner than in the past on contracts that require us to maintain stated inventory levels, as we have an enforceable right to payment for the required inventory, and on contracts such as engineering services and design and tooling transactions, as we have an enforceable right to payment for these performance obligations satisfied over time.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill is subject to an annual impairment test. We consider many factors which may indicate the requirement to perform additional, interim impairment tests. These include:

 

·A significant adverse long term outlook for any of our industries;
·An adverse finding or rejection from a regulatory body involved in new product regulatory approvals;
·Failure of an anticipated commercialization product line;
·Unanticipated competition or a disruptive technology introduction;
·The testing for recoverability under the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets Subsections of Subtopic 360-10 of a significant asset group within a reporting unit;
·A loss of key personnel; and
·An expectation that a reporting unit carrying goodwill, or a significant portion of a reporting unit, will be sold or otherwise disposed of.

 

Goodwill is tested by reviewing the carrying value compared to the fair value at the reporting unit level. Fair value for the reporting unit is derived using the income approach. Under the income approach, fair value is calculated based on the present value of estimated future cash flows. Assumptions by management are necessary to evaluate the impact of operating and economic changes and to estimate future cash flows. Management’s evaluation includes assumptions on future growth rates and cost of capital that are consistent with internal projections and operating plans.

 

The Company generally performs its annual impairment testing of goodwill during the fourth quarter of its fiscal year, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets might be impaired. The Company tests impairment at the reporting unit level using the two-step process. The Company’s primary reporting units tested for impairment are Radiation Monitoring Devices, which comprises our Innovation and Development segment, and Hilger Crystals, a component of our Optics segment.

 

Intangible Assets

 

The Company’s intangible assets consist of acquired customer relationships and trade names of Hilger Crystals, Ltd., acquired know-how of Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. and purchased and patented biomedical technologies within the Biomedical segment. The Company amortizes its intangible assets with definitive lives over their useful lives, which range from 5 to 20 years, based on the time period the Company expects to receive the economic benefit from these assets. No impairment charge was recorded during the three-month periods ended December 31, 2018 or 2017.

 

The Company continually assesses whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful lives of its intangible and indefinite-lived assets or whether the remaining balances of those assets should be evaluated for possible impairment. There were no changes, aside from foreign exchange rate fluctuations, in the carrying value of intangible and indefinite-lived assets, during the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

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Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company’s long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment and intangible assets subject to amortization. The Company evaluates long-lived assets for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that an asset may have been impaired. In evaluating an asset for recoverability, the Company estimates the future cash flow expected to result from the use of the asset and eventual disposition. If the expected future undiscounted cash flow is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss, equal to the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of the asset, is recognized.

 

The Company continually assesses whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that may warrant revision of the estimated useful lives of its long-lived assets or whether the remaining balances of those assets should be evaluated for possible impairment. There were no changes, aside from foreign exchange rate fluctuations, in the carrying value of long-lived assets, during the three months ended December 31, 2018.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Receivable

 

The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of our customers and adjusts credit limits based upon payment history and the customer's current credit worthiness, as determined by our review of their current credit information. We continuously monitor collections and payments from our customers and maintain a provision for estimated credit losses based upon our historical experience and any specific customer collection issues that we have identified. While such credit losses have historically been minimal, within our expectations and the provisions established, we cannot guarantee that we will continue to experience the same credit loss rates that we have in the past. A significant change in the liquidity or financial position of any of our significant customers could have a material adverse effect on the collectability of our accounts receivable and our future operating results.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation using fair value. Compensation costs are recognized for stock-based compensation granted to employees and directors. Options and restricted stock awards are recorded as an expense over the requisite service period based on the grant date estimated fair value of the grant, which in the case of options is determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.

 

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Income Taxes

 

As part of the process of preparing our consolidated financial statements, we are required to estimate our income tax provision (benefit) in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate. This process involves estimating our current income tax provision (benefit) together with assessing temporary differences resulting from differing treatment of items for tax and accounting purposes. These differences result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included within our consolidated balance sheets. We regularly evaluate our ability to recover the reported amount of our deferred income tax assets considering several factors, including our estimate of the likelihood of the Company generating sufficient taxable income in future years during the period over which temporary differences reverse.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 2, "Recent Accounting Pronouncements" in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements, including the adoption of ASC 2014-09, which provides for new requirements in regards to revenue recognition, as well as respective dates of adoption or expected adoption and effects on our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q which are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections and the beliefs and assumptions of our management, including, without limitation, our expectations regarding results of operations, our compliance with the financial covenants under our loan agreements with Middlesex Savings Bank and Massachusetts Capital Resource Company, our expectations regarding results of operations, the commercialization of our technology, including the Xcede patch and our dual mode detectors, the success of efforts to develop a successful Xcede Patch and to fund that development, our development of new technologies including at Dynasil Biomedical, the adequacy of our current financing sources to fund our current operations, our growth initiatives, our capital expenditures and the strength of our intellectual property portfolio. These forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “plans,” “intends,” “may,” “could,” “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “continue,” or similar terms, though not all forward-looking statements contain such words. The actual results of the future events described in such forward-looking statements could differ materially from those stated in such forward-looking statements due to a number of important factors. These factors that could cause actual results to differ from those anticipated or predicted include, without limitation, our ability to develop and commercialize our products, including obtaining regulatory approvals, the size and growth of the potential markets for our products and our ability to serve those markets, the rate and degree of market acceptance of any of our products, general economic conditions, costs and availability of raw materials and management information systems, our ability to obtain and maintain intellectual property protection for our products, Xcede’s ability to produce preclinical data sufficient to enable it to initiate clinical studies of hemostatic patch, clinical results of Xcede’s programs which may not support further development, the ability of our RMD business unit to identify and pursue possible continued development opportunities for the Xcede patch, which is not assured, competition, the loss of key management and technical personnel, our ability to obtain timely payment of our invoices to governmental customers, litigation, the effect of governmental regulatory developments, the availability of financing sources, our ability to deleverage our balance sheet, our ability to identify and execute on acquisition opportunities and integrate such acquisitions into our business, and seasonality, as well as the uncertainties set forth in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on December 21, 2018, including the risk factors contained in Item 1A, and from time to time in the Company's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. 

 

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ITEM 4 CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

Our management, with the participation and supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, is responsible for our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified under the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.

 

As disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2018, we identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting as of September 30, 2018. Internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) are an integral part of disclosure controls and procedures. This material weakness, which is described in detail in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K, can be summarized as relating to our controls over the revenue recognition process. Specifically, we lacked personnel with an appropriate level of knowledge, experience and training in contract review and management to provide reasonable assurance that revenue was being properly recorded in accordance with GAAP. Additionally, as our cost recognition system for contract revenue is a manual entry system, additional training and in-depth review for accuracy and completeness are required.

 

The measures that we have identified and implemented to address the material weakness are also discussed in detail in our 2018 Form 10-K. The Company believes that it has taken steps that it believes will remediate the previously identified material weakness. However, certain controls designed and implemented during the first quarter of the 2019 fiscal year to address the material weakness in the initial contract review and period-end financial reporting processes have not been operational for a sufficient period of time to allow management to conclude that they are operating effectively. As a result, management has determined as of December 31, 2018 the control deficiency that existed in the prior year still exists, and, that our internal controls do not effectively mitigate the risk that a material misstatement in our financial statements could occur and not be prevented or detected. We expect the evaluation and testing of the steps previously taken to remediate the previously identified material weaknesses will continue throughout fiscal year 2019 in order to allow management sufficient basis to conclude that the controls are operating effectively.

 

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

As a result of our adoption of the new revenue standard (Topic 606), we implemented controls to ensure adequate evaluation of contracts and assessment of the impact of the new accounting standard related to revenue recognition on our financial statements to facilitate its adoption on October 1, 2018. There were not any significant changes to our internal control over financial reporting due to the adoption of the new standard, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) during the period covered by this Quarterly Report or in other factors that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1A.  RISK FACTORS

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, you should carefully consider the factors discussed herein and in Part I, "Item 1A. Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2018, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only risks facing our Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or future results.

 

Risks Related To Dynasil’s Stock

 

If we cannot maintain our listing on The Nasdaq Capital Market, an active trading market for our common stock may not exist.

 

To maintain our listing on the Nasdaq Capital Market, we must satisfy certain minimum financial and other continued listing standards, including, among other requirements, a $1.00 minimum bid price requirement.  On January 8, 2019, we received a deficiency letter from The Nasdaq Stock Market indicating that, based on our closing bid price for the preceding 30 consecutive business days, we did not comply with the $1.00 minimum bid price as set forth in Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5550(a)(2).  Pursuant to Nasdaq Marketplace Rule 5810(c)(3)(A), we have been provided an initial compliance period of 180 calendar days from the date of the notice, or until July 8, 2019, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement. To regain compliance, the closing bid price of our common stock must meet or exceed $1.00 per share for a minimum of 10 consecutive business days prior to July 8, 2019.  If we do not regain compliance by July 8, 2019, we may be eligible for an additional 180 day grace period if we can satisfy certain requirements for continued listing established by Nasdaq.  If the Nasdaq staff determines that we are not eligible for such additional compliance period, Nasdaq will provide notice that our common stock will be subject to delisting.  We would have the right to appeal a determination to delist our common stock, and our common stock would remain listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market until the completion of the appeal process.  There can be no assurance that we will be successful in maintaining the listing of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market.

 

ITEM 6 EXHIBITS

 

  10.1 Amendment to Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and Massachusetts Capital Resource Company, dated November 27, 2018, filed as Exhibit 10.25 to Form 10-K filed on December 21, 2018 and incorporated herein by reference.
     
  31.1(a) Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
  31.1(b) Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
  32.1 Section 1350 Certification pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished but not filed for purposes of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934).
     
  99.1 Press release, dated February 13, 2019 issued by Dynasil Corporation of America announcing its financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2018.
     
  101 The following materials from Dynasil Corporation of America’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended December 31, 2018, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and September 30, 2018, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

DYNASIL CORPORATION OF AMERICA

 

 

BY: /s/ Peter Sulick   DATED: February 13, 2019  
  Peter Sulick,        
  Chief Executive Officer and President        
           
           
  /s/ Robert J. Bowdring   DATED: February 13, 2019  
  Robert J. Bowdring,        
  Chief Financial Officer        

 

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